Performance of your Performance of your APA: Technical

Performance of your Performance of your APA: Technical
APA-4E8 Operator’s Manual
Page 55
Performance of your APA:
APA:
Technical Specifications
A note about how we measure performance.
Amplifier power ratings differ from manufacturer to manufacturer making it very difficult to
compare models directly from spec sheets. We have tried to make the measurements
presented as real world as possible for the application, which is music reproduction.
Following these specifications, there is a section explaining the stimuli and conditions used to
measure the amplifier - this enables you to subject other amplifiers to the same conditions to
compare their performance — the (Test type N) you will see after all power specifications
refers to these tests — see page 59.
General
Parameter
Value
Amplifier Type
Power Supply Type
Number of Processing Channels
Number of Output Channels
Output Channel Operating Modes
Class D amplifier with digital processing and control
Universal input, power factor corrected switch mode
4
2 or 4
Quad half bridge driving loads from 2-16 Ohms
Stereo full bridge driving loads from 4-32 Ohms
180V
360V
72A
Peak Usable Output Voltage per Half Bridge Channel
Peak Usable Output Voltage per Full Bridge Channel
Peak Usable Output Current per Channel
Maximum output power: All channels driven
(all channels running pink noise with 12dB crest factor)
8 Ohms
4 Ohms
2.7 Ohms
2 Ohms
Maximum output power: Both bridged pairs driven
(all channels running pink noise with 12dB crest factor)
16 Ohms
8 Ohms
4 Ohms
6800W (4 x 1700W)
13200W (4 x 3300W)
20000W (4 x 5000W)
20000W (4 x 5000W)
6800W (2 x3400W)
13200W (2 x 6600W)
14800W (2 x 7400W)
Audio System
Parameter
Value
Frequency Response at 2000W into 4 Ohms
System Latency
Maximum Output Level into 4 Ohms
Nominal Output Impedance
Output Noise into 4 Ohms (un-weighted)
Output Dynamic Range into 4 Ohms (un-weighted)
Maximum Input Level
Nominal Input Impedance
Nominal Analogue Gain
Analogue Input Channel Noise (un-weighted)
Analogue Input Dynamic Range (un-weighted)
Analogue Input CMR at 100Hz
THD + Noise at 1kHz, 10W into 4 Ohms
THD + Noise at 1kHz, 100W into 4 Ohms
THD + Noise at 1kHz, 500W into 4 Ohms
THD + Noise at 1kHz, 1000W into 4 Ohms
THD + Noise at 1kHz, 2000W into 4 Ohms
20Hz = +0dB / -0.25dB, 20kHz = +0dB / -0.5dB
1.25mS (Analogue) 1.64mS/(AES 96k)
+44dBu
0.05 Ohm (half bridge), 0.1 Ohm (bridge)
-62dBu (22-22kHz)
106dB (22-22kHz)
+22dBu
16k (balanced), 8k (un-balanced)
+32dB
-90dBu (22-22kHz)
112dBu (22-22kHz)
-80dB
0.04% (22-22kHz)
0.04% (22-22kHz)
0.06% (22-22kHz)
0.08% (22-22kHz)
0.10% (22-22kHz)
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Page 56
APA-4E8 Operator’s Manual
Digital Audio
Parameter
Value
ADC and DAC Sample Rate
ADC and DAC Resolution
Accepted AES3 Sample Rates
AES3 Resolution
DSP Sample Rate
DSP Resolution
Processing
96kHz (oversampling type)
24bit
44.1kHz, 48kHz, 96kHz, 192kHz
16 to 24bit
96kHz
32bit (floating point)
General
Dynamic EQ (4 x 3 Bands)
IIR Equalisation (108 Bands)
FIR Filtering
Crossover Filtering (4 x 2)
Compressor (4 x 1)
Speaker Protection Limiters (4 x 2)
Amplifier Protection Limiters
Mains Breaker Protection Limiter
System Pre-sets
System latency
Analogue In to Speaker Out
AES In to Speaker Out
Delay, Polarity, Gain, Latency Compensation
Cut/Boost Abv/Blw THD; PEQ/Shelf/Full Range
PEQ, Shelf, VariQ, Notch, BP, Allpass, Phase
Variable # of taps x 4 output channels
From 6dB/Oct. To 48dB/Oct. But./Bes./L-R
Soft knee, manual/auto T.C., ratio up to 16:1
Look-ahead program; zero overshoot peak
Peak current limiter: per channel (optimised)
Average mains current draw (user adjustable)
Over 100
1.25mS
1.64mS
Storage & Losses
Parameter
Value
Stored Charge
Energy Stored
Sleep Mode Power
Idle Power
Power Losses (for low power music)
Power Losses (for very high power use)
Efficiency (load dependant)
7.5 Coulomb
2700 Joules
<1WRMS
200WRMS
400WRMS
800WRMS
70% - 80% typical
Physical and Mechanical
Parameter
Value
Input Connections Audio
Output Connections Audio
Power Connector
Recommended Circuit Breaker
GPI Connections
RS485 Connector
Ethernet Connections
Front Panel USB
Display
Metering
System start-up time (from cold/standby)
Dimensions
Dimensions (shipping)
Weight
Weight (shipping)
4 x XLR (AES switched onto inputs b & D)
4 x NL4 “Speakon”
1 x 32A “PowerCon”
C32
10 pin mini-Phoenix
1 x XLR Male (legacy only)
1 x RJ45 (100Mbit) Control; 2 x RJ45 (1Gbit) Audio
Micro USB Type ‘B’
QVGA Full Colour TFT
4 x 10 point tri-colour LED, multi-mode
24/18 seconds
88mm x 482mm x 498mm (2U)
620mm x 620mm x 210mm
15.0kg
18.0kg
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APA-4E8 Operator’s Manual
Page 57
Input Power
Parameter
Value
Operating voltage range
230V AC
90V — 240V3
MAX long term current (1 hour)
MAX long term power (1 hour)
MAX short term current (2 sec)
MAX short term power (2 sec)
16.5ARMS
3800W RMS
24.3A RMS
5600W RMS
MAX long term current (1 hour)
MAX long term power (1 hour)
MAX short term current (2 sec)
MAX short term power (2 sec)
29.6A RMS
3400W4 RMS
43.5A RMS
5000W2 RMS
115V AC
Output Power: Peak Performance
Parameter
Value
All channels driven
Maximum output power
(all channels running pink noise with 12dB crest factor)
8 Ohms
4 Ohms
2.7 Ohms
2 Ohms
6800W (4 x 1700W)
13200W (4 x 3300W)
20000W (4 x 5000W)
20000W (4 x 5000W)
16 Ohms
8 Ohms
4 Ohms
6800W (2 x3400W)
13200W (2 x 6600W)
14800W (2 x 7400W)
Both bridged pairs driven
Maximum output power
(all channels running pink noise with 12dB crest factor)
All channels driven
25mS 80Hz sine wave power burst at 150BPM with 10dB crest
factor with all channels run simultaneously (over an hour
assuming 20 degree ambient) (Test type 3)
8 Ohms
4 Ohms
2.7 Ohms
2 Ohms
Both bridged pairs driven
25mS 80Hz sine wave power burst at 150BPM with 10dB crest
factor with all channels run simultaneously (over an hour
assuming 20 degree ambient) (Test type 3)
16 Ohms
8 Ohms
4 Ohms
Single channel driven
RMS sine wave long power burst with 9dB crest factor
(2 seconds on, 12 off) (Test type 4)
8 Ohms
4 Ohms
2.7 Ohms
2 Ohms
Single bridged pair driven
RMS sine wave long power burst with 9dB crest factor
(2 seconds on, 12 off) (Test type 4)
16 Ohms
8 Ohms
4 Ohms
3
4
6000W (4 x 1500W)
10000W (4 x 2500W)
12000W (4 x 3000W)
12000W (4 x 3000W)
6000W (2 x 3000W)
10000W (2 x 5000W)
12000W (2 x 6000W)
1800W
3200W
3600W
3600W
3600W
3600W
3600W
Low mains voltages may result in reduced power output due to over current protection
Power de-rating indicated for mains operating at 115V
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APA-4E8 Operator’s Manual
Output Power: Continuous Performance
Parameter
Value
All channels driven (230V)
RMS sine wave long term continuous power with all channels run
simultaneously (over an hour assuming 20 degree ambient)
(Test type 1)
8 Ohms
4 Ohms
2.7 Ohms
2 Ohms
3000W (4 X 750W)
3000W (4 X 750W)
3000W (4 x 750W)
3000W (4 x 750W)
Both bridged pairs driven (230V)
RMS sine wave long term continuous power with all channels run
simultaneously (over an hour assuming 20 degree ambient)
(Test type 1)
16 Ohms
8 Ohms
4 Ohms
All channels driven (115V) RMS sine wave long term continuous
power with all channels run simultaneously (over an hour
assuming 20 degree ambient) (Test type 1)
8 Ohms
4 Ohms
2.7 Ohms
2 Ohms
Both bridged pairs driven (115V) RMS sine wave long term
continuous power with all channels run simultaneously (over an
hour assuming 20 degree ambient) (Test type 1)
16 Ohms
8 Ohms
4 Ohms
Single channel driven
RMS sine wave medium term continuous power per single channel
(over 60 seconds assuming 20 degree ambient) (Test type 1)
8 Ohms
4 Ohms
2 Ohms
Single channel driven
RMS sine wave long term continuous power per single channel
(over an hour assuming 20 degree ambient) (Test type 1)
8 Ohms
4 Ohms
2 Ohms
Single bridged pair driven
RMS sine wave long term continuous power per bridged pair (over
an hour assuming 20 degree ambient) (Test type 1)
16 Ohms
8 Ohms
4 Ohms
All channels driven
Long term continuous pink noise with 12dB crest factor and all
channels run simultaneously (over an hour assuming 20 degree
ambient) (Test type 2)
8 Ohms
4 Ohms
2.7 Ohms
2 Ohms
Both bridged pairs driven
Long term continuous pink noise with 12dB crest factor and all
channels run simultaneously (over an hour assuming 20 degree
ambient) (Test type 2)
16 Ohms
8 Ohms
4 Ohms
5
Power de-rating indicated for mains operating at 115V
3000W (2 x 1500W)
3000W (2 x 1500W)
3000W (2 x 1500W)
2400W5
2400W3
2400W3
2400W3
2400W3
2400W3
2400W3
1800W
3000W
3000W
1000W
1000W
1000W
2000W
2000W
2000W
6800W
13200W
20000W
20000W
6800W
13200W
14800W
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APA-4E8 Operator’s Manual
Page 59
Power Measurement Test Types
Test type 1: Continuous RMS Sine Wave
Electronic engineers usually find it easy to measure with constant sine wave tones, so we
provide power figures in a continuous RMS sine wave format so that measurements can be
made and understood in that context. In reality typical music programme is much more
transient in nature, with large peaks and gaps in the sound and it has been generally
accepted for many years that the peak power of music is 8 times higher than the average RMS
power. However the modern trend towards heavily compressed or synthesised music in
dance environments means that continuous sine wave tests once again have some relevance
showing the sustained power capability of an amplifier’s power supply and output channels.
Tests are not limited to, but usually performed at 1kHz.
Test type 2: Continuous Pink Noise
The relationship between peak and RMS equates to a crest factor of 4 (or 12dB), which is
commonly available in the form of pink noise which also conveniently provides a broad spread
frequency spectrum. Power ratings using pink noise are also relatively easy to make and
reasonably representative of real music, so we provide power figures in this format.
Test type 3: Short Burst Sine Wave
Some of the most taxing program material for an amplifier is electronic dance music. This is
often dominated in the lower frequency spectrum by bass drum beats which concentrate all
the high power energy into repeated large power pulses. These typically consist of one or two
cycles of low frequency energy around 80Hz followed by decay and then a string of ongoing
repeats, or beats.
To simulate this we have chosen to measure using burst waveforms with 2 cycles of 80Hz sine
wave at full power and 30 cycles of 80Hz sine wave at a lower power (0.1466 of the burst
power). This produces an average power that is 1/5th of the burst power and equates to a crest
factor of 3.16 (or 10dB) but with all the high power energy concentrated into the large pulses
which are 25mS long and repeated at 150bpm. This pulsed power distribution is much more
taxing on an amplifier than the more even distribution found in pink noise. Test can also be
run at other frequencies providing their period is a multiple of 25mS.
Test type 4: Long Burst Sine Wave
Synthesised music often contains very high levels of low frequency, low crest factor energy in
the form of complex waveforms that can last for several seconds. To test this we use a
repeated burst format with full power sine wave applied for 2 seconds, and a 10 second rest
state set at a lower power (0.1 of the burst power). This produces an average power that is
1/4th of the full power; equating to a crest factor of 2.83 or (or 9dB), which is extremely
demanding on an amplifier and the AC mains supply. Typically the AC mains and safety
breakers will only be capable of supplying enough current for a single channel or bridged pair
to be driven in this way so it is assumed that the other channels of the amplifier will run with
much lighter loads reproducing the other areas of the frequency spectrum. For simplicity,
this additional power is not simulated in the test. Tests are not limited to, but usually
performed at 1kHz.
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