Mac OS X Mountain Lion

Mac OS X Mountain Lion
Mac OS X Mountain Lion
Quick Reference Card
The Mac OS X Mountain Lion Desktop
Application menu
Apple menu
Dot indicates
the program
is running
Mac OS X Dock Items
Minimize Window
Delete a File
Open a File
Close a Window
Select All
Duplicate File
Make Alias
Search for a File
Quit Application
Force Quit
Eject Disk
Empty Trash
Mac Help
Hide Application
Show/Hide Dock
<> + <M>
<> + <Delete>
<> + <O>
<> + <W>
<> + <A>
<> + <D>
<> + <L>
<> + <F>
<> + <Q>
<> + <Option>
+ <Escape>
<> + <E>
<>+ <Shift>+<Delete>
<> + <?>
<> + <H>
<> + <Option> + <D>
Go to a Folder
Finder: The gateway to your computer. Use
Finder for easy access to all your files,
applications and folders.
Calendar: Create and organize events, invite
contacts to events, set event alerts, and share
calendars to contacts and the web.
System Preferences: Control how your
computer works: display settings, networking,
language, hardware/software settings & more.
iTunes: Manage your music files. Create play
lists, buy music from the online music store,
manage syncing to iPhones, iPods, and iPads.
Mail: Send, receive and manage e-mail from
multiple accounts, and set a VIP list of mail
App Store: Purchase and download new
applications for your Mac. Receive updates for
downloaded applications.
Messages: Keep in touch with instant
messaging and audio and visual conferencing
over the Internet or a local network.
Mission Control: View and access all open
apps and windows, and create multiple virtual
Safari: Browse pages on the web, create a
reading list of pages to read later, and view
Cloud Tabs open on your other iCloud devices.
Reminders: Create reminders that can be
sorted into lists, remind you at a certain time or
location, and sync to other iCloud devices.
Launchpad: Quickly view and access all of the
apps on your Mac.
Notes: Create quick plaintext notes that sync
across your iCloud devices.
Contacts: Store, organize, sort contact
information using different views and groups,
and sync contacts across your iCloud devices.
Trash: Temporarily stores deleted files and
folders. Click and drag to the trash icon, or
press <> + <Delete> to delete a file.
Using the Desktop
 The Apple menu: The Apple menu is your Mac’s
control center. Use the Apple menu to open System
Preferences, change the way the Dock works,
access recent documents you’ve worked with, shut
down, restart or log out of your computer.
 Application menus: The menus for the active
application appear at the top of the Desktop, next to
the Apple menu.
 To Add an Item to the Dock: Click and drag the
folder or application into the Dock.
 To Remove an Item from the Dock: Click and drag
the item out of the Dock.
Minimized windows are kept in the Dock. Click a
window in the Dock to expand it to its original size.
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 Online Learning
<Shift> + <> + <C>
<Shift> + <> + <H>
<Shift> + <> + <K>
<Shift> + <> + <A>
Trackpad Gestures
Tap to Click: Tap the trackpad when cursor is
over the object.
Secondary click: Click the trackpad with two
Scroll: Move two fingers along the trackpad to
Zoom Objects: Pinch two fingers apart on the
Rotate Objects: Rotate two fingers along the
Swipe between pages: Move two fingers
horizontally across the trackpad to navigate
back and forward between webpages.
Swipe between full-screen applications:
Move three or four fingers horizontally across
the trackpad to switch to other full-screen
applications and virtual desktops.
View the Notification Center: Move two fingers
left from the right edge of the trackpad.
Show Launchpad: Pinch three or four fingers
together to view all your apps.
Show Desktop: Spread three or four fingers
apart to hide quickly all windows and apps,
showing your desktop.
Cheat Sheet © 2012 CustomGuide  Skills Assessments | Phone 888.903.2432 Using the Desktop |continued|
Working with Files and Folders
 To Connect to a Server: If you know the server address, select Go 
Connect to Server from the menu, or press <> + <K>. To browse for the
server, click Network in the Finder Sidebar. Double-click the server you want
to connect to.
The Finder Toolbar
 To Change Dock Preferences: Click the Apple menu, select Dock, and
choose what you want to change.
 To Get Help: Select Help  Help Center from the menu. Type the topic you
want help with in the Search box and press <Return>. Click a link to view the
help topic.
views Actions
Go back
one folder
for an
 To Organize Desktop Icons: Select View  Clean Up from the menu and
select how you want to clean up the icons (by Name, Kind, Date Modified,
Date Created, Size, or Label).
 To Arrange Desktop Icons: Select View  Arrange from the menu and
select how you want to arrange the icons (by Name, Kind, Date Modified,
Date Created, Size, or Label).
 To Connect to a Wireless Network: First make sure AirPort is turned on:
click the AirPort icon and select Turn AirPort On. When AirPort is turned on,
it automatically connects to the strongest network signal, unless the network
is password-protected. The AirPort icon shows the strength of the network
signal you’re connected to.
 To Search the System: Click the Spotlight icon and enter your search
terms. Spotlight searches your system’s file names and file contents for the
terms you search.
 To Open a File or Folder: Double-click the file or folder.
 To Create a Folder: Select File  New Folder from the menu, or press
<Shift> + <> + <N>.
 To Rename a File or Folder: Click the folder, press <Return> and type the
new name of the file or folder.
 To Delete a File or Folder: Select the file or folder and press
<> + <Delete>. Or click and drag the file or folder into the Trash.
 To Restore a File from the Trash: Double-click the Trash icon in the Dock to
open it, select the file you want to restore, and select File  Put Back. Or,
select the file in the Trash and press <> + <Delete>.
 To Empty the Trash: In Finder, select Finder  Empty Trash from the
menu. Or, press <> + <Shift> + <Delete>.
Customizing Your Mac
 To Move a File or Folder: Select the file or folder you want to move. Click
and drag the item to another file or folder. To open a window for the new
folder location, hold the item over the folder and a new window will appear.
System Preferences
 To Copy a File or Folder: Select the file or folder you want to copy. Press
and hold the <Option> key as you click and drag the item to another file or
folder. Or, select the item and select Edit  Copy from the menu, go to the
new location and select Edit  Paste from the menu.
 To Change Window Views: In Finder, click View and select the view you
want to use. Or, click the View button on the toolbar:
Icon: All items in the folder are represented by a large or small icon with
the item’s name.
List: Items in the folder are listed top to bottom with details for each item,
such as file size and date modified.
Column: Folder levels and folder contents are broken up into columns.
Cover Flow: Icons can be flipped through like album covers in iTunes.
 To Find a File or Folder: Click in the Search box on the toolbar. Type the
name of the file or folder you’re looking for and press <Return>.
 Personal: Specify how you want to work with the computer. Change the
window appearance, the desktop and screen saver effects, the dock, Mission
Control settings, language & text preferences, computer security, search
settings, and notifications. Changes only affect the current user account.
 Hardware: Specify how the computer’s hardware devices act. Change how
the computer responds to input disks, monitor settings, energy saving,
keyboard, mouse, and trackpad settings, printer settings, and sound.
 Internet & Wireless: Control how you work online. Manage your iCloud
account, your Mail, Contacts, and Calendars apps and accounts, network
settings, Bluetooth devices, and sharing preferences.
 System: Change how the computer system works. Create new accounts,
manage parental controls, change date & time, update software, change
dictation and speech settings, manage backups, Accessibility options, and
startup disk settings.
 To Go To a Folder: Select Go  Go to Folder from the menu, or press
<> + <Shift> + <G>. Type the location and press <Return>.
 To Go to a Location: Click the icon in the Sidebar. Or, select Go and select
the location: All My Files, Documents, Desktop, Downloads, Home,
Computer, Network, Applications, or Utilities.
 To Add a Location to the Sidebar: Click and drag a folder onto the sidebar.
Maintenance and Repair
 To Repair or Test a Disk: Open the Applications folder. Go to the Utilities
folder, click Disk Utility, and select the disk or volume you want to test or
repair in the left column. Click the First Aid tab. You cannot repair the Startup
Disk unless you start the computer on a different volume or from an
installation disc.
 To Uninstall an Application: Click and drag its icon into the Trash.
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Cheat Sheet © 2012 CustomGuide | Phone 888.903.2432 
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