DARKROOM ETIQUETTE GUIDELINES TO FOLLOW WHILE WORKING IN THE DARKROOM: 1. Knock before you enter and leave the darkroom 2. No food/drinks allowed in the darkroom 3. No electronic devices allowed (display screen light can ruin prints) 4. Wet side/dry side 5. Paper conservation 6. Water conservation 7. Do not contaminate the chemicals or splash the chemicals on others 8. Tongs remain with the correct chemical tray at all times 9. Never use your hands to move prints from one tray to another; always use the tongs 10. Know where the eye wash and fire extinguisher are located 11. Clean up after yourself and keep your work station neat 12. Always inform your teacher when there are equipment problems 13. Always be aware of your surroundings to avoid any unnecessary accidents 14. Be courteous of others and their belongings 15. Wash your hands always with soap and water 16. Never touch the light switch device; must always remain in the designated location 17. Darkroom is for photo students only BASIC DARKROOM CHEMISTRY PRINTING IN THE DARKROOM There are many variables in the field of photography. The photographer must sort out and decide which set of variables must be used towards the production of a final print. In the darkroom, there are some basic techniques and strategies that will ensure success for all photographers, from the novice to the professional. There are 4 basic steps in the developing of an exposed print. Each serves an important purpose and there are no shortcuts! Each step is regulated by time (minutes and seconds) and each chemical requires a specific processing time. FOUR BASIC STEPS FOR DARKROOM PRINTING Step 1 DEVELOPER (Dektol) 2 minutes +/Agitate & drain print Step 2 STOP BATH 30 seconds Agitate & drain print Step 3 FIXER 4 minutes Agitate & drain print Step 4 WASH Rinse 10-30 minutes in clear, running water NAME must be on the back of all your prints! DEVELOPER: Begins the developing process on the surface of the exposed print. When exhausted, it will be very dark in color; let your teacher know to replace the developer. Only use Dektol developer in the darkroom. STOP BATH: Halts the developing process and prevents it from continuing. When exhausted, will be a dark red or purple color. Replace with new chemicals from the film processing station. Dump down drain and add new. FIXER: “Fixes” the print image, making it permanent by removing unexposed silver halide compound. After being in the fixer, you may view print in room light. Can be used over and over again! Fixer is replaced with new chemicals from the film processing station. WASH: Extended rinse stage that removes all chemical residue that might further contaminate the print. After the wash, the print is dried in either a mechanical dryer or by hanging to air dry.
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