Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port

Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port
WiPort® User Guide
Part Number 900-332
Revision K January 2010
Copyright and Trademark
© 2006, 2008, and 2010 Lantronix. All rights reserved. No part of the contents of this
book may be transmitted or reproduced in any form or by any means without the
written permission of Lantronix. Printed in the United States of America.
®
WiPort , with its patent-pending technology, is a trademark of Lantronix.
Ethernet is a trademark of XEROX Corporation. UNIX is a registered trademark of
The Open Group. Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 2000, Windows NT, and
Windows XP are trademarks of Microsoft Corp. Netscape is a trademark of Netscape
Communications Corporation.
Warranty
For details on the Lantronix warranty replacement policy, please go to our web site at
http://www.lantronix.com/support/warranty.html .
Contacts
Lantronix Corporate Headquarters
167 Technology Drive
Irvine, CA 92618, USA
Toll Free:
Phone:
Fax:
800-526-8766
949-453-3990
949-450-7249
Technical Support
Online: www.lantronix.com/support
Sales Offices
For a current list of our domestic and international sales offices, go to the Lantronix
web site at http://www.lantronix.com/about/contact/
WiPort™ User Guide
2
Disclaimer
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B
digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to
provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential
installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy
and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that
interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause
harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by
turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the
interference by one of the following measures:

Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
 Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which
the receiver is connected.
 Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2)
this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.

This device is intended only for OEM Integrators. The OEM integrator should be
aware of the following important issues.
Labeling of the End Product
The label of the end product integrating this module must clearly indicate that the end
product contains an FCC approved RF module. The format of such statement could
be "Contains Transmitter with FCC ID: R68WIPORTG" or similar.
RSS-GEN Sections 7.1.4 and 7.1.5 Statement for Devices with Detachable
Antennas
This device has been designed to operate with the antennas listed in the Certificate,
and having a maximum gain of 5 dB. Antennas not included in this list or having a
gain greater than 5 dB are strictly prohibited for use with this device. The required
antenna impedance is 50 ohms.
To reduce potential radio interference to other users, the antenna type and its gain
should be so chosen that the equivalent isotropically radiated power (EIRP) is not
more than that required for successful communication.
Integration Note
a) This module is authorized under limited module approval specified to mobile host
equipment. So, the antenna must be installed such that 20cm is maintained between
the antenna and users.
b) The transmitter module may not be co-located with any other transmitter or
antenna.
As long as the two conditions above are met, further transmitter testing will not be
required. However, the OEM integrator is still responsible for testing their end product
for any additional compliance requirements required with this module installed (for
example, digital device emission, PC peripheral requirements, etc.)
WiPort™ User Guide
3
Note: In the event that these conditions cannot be met (for example certain
laptop configurations, general purpose PCMCIA or similar cards, or colocation with another transmitter), then the FCC authorization is no longer
considered valid and the FCC ID cannot be used on the final product
(including the transmitter) and obtaining a separate FCC authorization.
Note: Changes or modifications to this device not explicitly approved by Lantronix will
void the user's authority to operate this device.
Note: This product is only applicable for indoor use.
この製品は屋内においてのみ使用可能です。
Revision History
Date
Rev.
Comments
3/04
A
Initial draft
9/04
B
Formatting changes and technical corrections
10/04
C
Updated for firmware version 5.8.0.1
3/05
D
Minor corrections
7/05
E
Updated for firmware version 6.0.0.1
1/06
F
Updated for firmware version 6.1.0.1
5/06
G
Updated for firmware version 6.2.0.0
7/06
H
Updated for firmware version 6.2.0.3
9/06
I
Updated for firmware version 6.3.0.0
2/08
J
Updated for firmware version 6.6.0.0
1/10
K
Updated for firmware version 6.7.0.0 and minor corrections. Added
new fields: Minimum TX Data Rate, Max TX Failures, and Automatic
Host MAC Detection. Added Wireless Status (WS) command.
WiPort™ User Guide
4
Contents
Copyright and Trademark __________________________________________________ 2
Warranty _______________________________________________________________ 2
Contacts _______________________________________________________________ 2
Disclaimer ______________________________________________________________ 3
Revision History _________________________________________________________ 4
1: Using This Guide
9
Purpose and Audience ____________________________________________________ 9
Chapter Summary _______________________________________________________ 9
Additional Documentation_________________________________________________ 10
2: Introduction
11
Capabilities ____________________________________________________________ 11
Applications ___________________________________________________________ 12
Protocol Support ________________________________________________________ 12
Configuration Methods ___________________________________________________ 12
Addresses and Port Numbers _____________________________________________ 13
Hardware Address _________________________________________________________ 13
IP Address _______________________________________________________________ 13
Port Numbers _____________________________________________________________ 13
3: Using DeviceInstaller
14
Accessing WiPort using DeviceInstaller ______________________________________ 14
Viewing the WiPort’s Current Configuration ___________________________________ 14
4: Configuration Using Web-Manager
17
Accessing WiPort Web-Manager using DeviceInstaller __________________________ 17
Network Configuration ___________________________________________________ 18
Network Mode Configuration _________________________________________________
Automatic IP Address Configuration ___________________________________________
Static IP Address Configuration _______________________________________________
Ethernet Configuration ______________________________________________________
18
19
19
20
Server Configuration _____________________________________________________ 21
Host List Configuration ___________________________________________________ 22
Channel 1 and Channel 2 Configuration _____________________________________ 23
Serial Settings ____________________________________________________________ 23
Connection Settings - TCP ___________________________________________________ 25
Connection Settings - UDP __________________________________________________ 28
Email Configuration _____________________________________________________ 30
Trigger Configuration _______________________________________________________ 30
WLAN Configuration _____________________________________________________ 32
Configurable Pin Settings _________________________________________________ 35
Updating Settings _______________________________________________________ 37
Applying Defaults _______________________________________________________ 37
WiPort™ User Guide
5
Contents
5: Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port
38
Accessing Setup Mode ___________________________________________________ 38
Telnet Access _____________________________________________________________ 38
Serial Port Access _________________________________________________________ 39
Server Configuration _____________________________________________________ 40
Network Mode ____________________________________________________________
Set the IP Address _________________________________________________________
Set the Gateway IP Address _________________________________________________
Set the Netmask ___________________________________________________________
Set DNS Server IP Address __________________________________________________
Change Telnet Configuration Password _________________________________________
DHCP Name _____________________________________________________________
40
40
40
41
41
41
41
Channel 1 and Channel 2 Configuration _____________________________________ 42
Baudrate_________________________________________________________________
I/F (Interface) Mode ________________________________________________________
Flow ____________________________________________________________________
Port Number ______________________________________________________________
Connect Mode ____________________________________________________________
Send the Escape Sequence (+++) in Modem Mode________________________________
Show IP addr after 'RING' ___________________________________________________
Auto Increment Source Port __________________________________________________
Remote IP Address ________________________________________________________
Remote Port ______________________________________________________________
DisConnMode ____________________________________________________________
Flush Mode ______________________________________________________________
DisConnTime (Inactivity Timeout) _____________________________________________
SendChar 1 and SendChar 2 _________________________________________________
Telnet Terminal Type _______________________________________________________
Channel (Port) Password ____________________________________________________
43
43
44
44
45
51
51
52
52
52
52
53
54
55
55
55
Email Configuration _____________________________________________________ 55
Mail Server _______________________________________________________________
Unit Name _______________________________________________________________
Domain Name ____________________________________________________________
Recipient 1 _______________________________________________________________
Recipient 2 _______________________________________________________________
Trigger 1 _________________________________________________________________
Trigger 2 _________________________________________________________________
Trigger 3 _________________________________________________________________
56
56
56
56
57
57
57
57
WLAN Settings _________________________________________________________ 58
Topology ________________________________________________________________
Network Name (SSID) ______________________________________________________
Adhoc Network Channel_____________________________________________________
Security Suite _____________________________________________________________
WEP ____________________________________________________________________
WPA ____________________________________________________________________
802.11i/WPA2-PERSONAL __________________________________________________
Fixed or Automatic Data Rate ________________________________________________
Transmission Data Rate _____________________________________________________
WiPort™ User Guide
6
58
59
59
59
59
60
60
61
61
Contents
Minimum TX Data Rate _____________________________________________________
Max TX Failures ___________________________________________________________
Enable Power Management __________________________________________________
Enable Soft AP Roaming ____________________________________________________
61
61
62
62
Expert Settings _________________________________________________________ 62
TCP Keepalive time in seconds _______________________________________________
ARP Cache timeout in seconds _______________________________________________
CPU Performance _________________________________________________________
HTTP Port Number_________________________________________________________
SMTP Port Number ________________________________________________________
MTU Size ________________________________________________________________
Enable Alternate MAC ______________________________________________________
Ethernet Connection Type ___________________________________________________
Configurable Server Port Number _____________________________________________
Automatic Host MAC Detection _______________________________________________
63
63
63
63
63
64
64
64
64
64
Security Settings ________________________________________________________ 65
Disable SNMP ____________________________________________________________
SNMP Community Name ____________________________________________________
Disable Telnet Setup _______________________________________________________
Disable TFTP Firmware Upgrade ______________________________________________
Disable Port 77FE (Hex) ____________________________________________________
Disable Web Server ________________________________________________________
Disable Web Setup_________________________________________________________
Disable ECHO Ports________________________________________________________
Enable Encryption _________________________________________________________
Enable Enhanced Password _________________________________________________
Disable Port 77F0 (Hex) _____________________________________________________
65
65
65
65
66
66
66
66
66
67
67
Default Settings ________________________________________________________ 67
Channel 1 Configuration_____________________________________________________
Channel 2 Configuration_____________________________________________________
WLAN Settings ____________________________________________________________
Expert Settings ____________________________________________________________
Security Settings __________________________________________________________
Email Settings ____________________________________________________________
67
68
68
68
69
69
Exit Configuration Mode __________________________________________________ 69
6: Configurable Pins
70
Default Settings ___________________________________________________________ 70
Features _________________________________________________________________ 70
Control Protocol ________________________________________________________ 70
Guidelines _______________________________________________________________ 70
Commands _______________________________________________________________ 71
Examples _____________________________________________________________ 73
7: Monitor Mode
75
Entering Monitor Mode via the Serial Port ____________________________________ 75
Entering Monitor Mode via the Network Port __________________________________ 75
Monitor Mode Commands ________________________________________________ 75
WiPort™ User Guide
7
Contents
8: Wireless Bridging
78
Configuring the WiPort in Bridging Mode _____________________________________ 78
Method 1 ________________________________________________________________ 78
Method 2 ________________________________________________________________ 78
Method 3 ________________________________________________________________ 79
9: Updating Firmware
80
Obtaining Firmware _____________________________________________________ 80
Reloading Firmware _____________________________________________________ 80
Using TFTP: Graphical User Interface __________________________________________ 80
Using TFTP: Command Line Interface __________________________________________ 81
Recovering the Firmware Using the Serial Port ___________________________________ 81
10: Troubleshooting
82
Diagnostic LED States ___________________________________________________ 82
Problems and Error Messages _____________________________________________ 83
Technical Support _______________________________________________________ 85
WiPort™ User Guide
8
1: Using This Guide
Purpose and Audience
®
This guide provides the information needed to configure, use and update the WiPort
and is intended for software developers and system integrators who are embedding
the WiPort in their designs.
Note: For the WiPort model WP2001000M-02, additional information is in the
Modbus Protocol User Guide located at
www.lantronix.com/support/documentation.html.
Chapter Summary
The remaining chapters in this guide include:
Introduction
Describes the main features of the WiPort and the protocols it
supports.
Using DeviceInstaller
Provides information for viewing the WiPort’s configuration using
DeviceInstaller.
Configuration Using WebManager
Details configuration using the Web-Manager to set parameters
such as port and server properties.
Configuration via Serial Mode
or Telnet Port
Provides instructions for accessing Setup Mode (command line
interface) using a Telnet connection through the network or a
terminal or terminal emulation program through the serial port.
Details the parameters that you must configure.
Configurable Pins
Provides instructions for configuring the eleven General Purpose
I/O pins.
Monitor Mode
Provides instructions for accessing and using the command line
interface for monitoring the network and diagnosing problems.
Wireless Bridging
Provides information on the WiPort wireless bridging feature.
Updating Firmware
Provides instructions for obtaining the latest firmware and updating
the WiPort.
Troubleshooting
Describes common problems and error messages and how to
contact Lantronix Technical Support. Also provides information on
diagnostic LEDs.
WiPort™ User Guide
9
Using This Guide
Additional Documentation
Visit the Lantronix web site at http://www.lantronix.com/support/documentation.html
for the latest documentation and the following additional documentation:


WiPort™ User Guide
WiPort Development Kit Quick Start Guide - Briefly explains the basics to
get the WiPort up and running.
WiPort Integration Guide - Provides information about the WiPort hardware
and integrating the WiPort into another product.
10
2: Introduction
WiPort® is a wireless embedded device server that provides a network-enabling
solution based on the IEEE 802.11b/g wireless standard. WiPort allows Original
Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) to add wireless connectivity to their products by
incorporating it onto a circuit board.
The WiPort functions independently of a PC, providing a fully integrated solution that
combines a processor, memory, 802.11b/g transceiver, and dual high-speed serial
ports into a single compact module. It includes an operating system, an embedded
Web server, and a full TCP/IP protocol stack. In addition, the WiPort sends email
alerts and supports numerous other network communication protocols, including
ARP, UDP, TCP, ICMP, Telnet, AutoIP, DHCP, HTTP, SNMP, and SMTP.
Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) and Wireless Protected Access (WPA) are available
to guarantee the security of the wireless communication. WEP uses an RC4
encryption algorithm with a configured 64-bit or 104-bit key to scramble the data.
WPA uses TKIP, which expands upon WEP by changing the key automatically every
session, detecting intrusion and using improved authentication.
Lantronix's exclusive SmartRoam technology takes a proactive approach
to transferring connectivity from one AP (AP) to another AP belonging to the same
ESS (having the same SSID or Network Name). SmartRoam continuously tracks the
signal strength of APs within range to smoothly and automatically transition to an AP
with a stronger signal.
For OEMs who wish to customize the user interface by employing common and
familiar tools, the WiPort serves applets to a Web browser, resulting in interactive
Web pages. This customization of HTML Web pages and configuration screens
tailors the WiPort to fit unique requirements.
Capabilities
The WiPort device server has the following capabilities:









WiPort™ User Guide
Communication between TCP and UDP to serial.
Wireless interface (802.11b/g) with WEP or WPA protection.
Ethernet interface.
Email notification of configurable alarms and events.
Upgradeable firmware.
SNMP monitoring.
Connects devices through a TCP or UDP data channel to computers or to
another device server.
Contains a web server allowing presentation of custom content and easy
configuration through the browser.
Contains eleven programmable I/O pins used to monitor or control attached
devices.
11
Introduction


WiPort-G models are configurable for wireless bridging (see on 8: Wireless
Bridging). This allows a host connected to the WiPort over a wired Ethernet
interface to be accessible over a wireless network.
SmartRoam feature transfers connectivity from one AP to another as
necessary.
Applications
The WiPort device server connects serial devices such as those listed below to
wireless and Ethernet networks using the IP protocol family.







Remote sensing
CNC controllers
Data collection devices
Telecommunications equipment
Data display devices
Security alarms and access control devices
Time clocks and terminals
Protocol Support
The WiPort device server uses the TCP/IP protocol stack for network
communications. Other supported protocols include:






ARP, UDP, TCP, ICMP, Telnet, TFTP, AutoIP, DHCP, HTTP, and SNMP for
network communications and management.
TCP, UDP, and Telnet for connections to the serial port.
TFTP for firmware and web page updates.
IP for addressing, routing, and data block handling over the network.
User Datagram Protocol (UDP) for typical datagram applications in which
devices interact with other devices without maintaining a point-to-point
connection.
SMTP for e-mail transmission.
Configuration Methods
For the unit to operate correctly on a network, it must have a unique IP address on
the network. There are three basic methods for logging into the device server:
DeviceInstaller: View the current WiPort configuration using a Graphical User
Interface (GUI) on a PC attached to a network. (See 3: Using DeviceInstaller.)
Web-Manager: Through a web interface, configure the WiPort and its settings using
the WiPort’s Web-Manager. (See 4: Configuration Using Web-Manager.)
Serial & Telnet Ports: There are two approaches to accessing Serial Mode. Make a
Telnet connection to the network port (9999) or connect a terminal (or a PC running a
terminal emulation program) to the unit’s serial port. (See 5: Configuration via Serial
Mode or Telnet Port.)
WiPort™ User Guide
12
Introduction
Addresses and Port Numbers
Hardware Address
The hardware address is also referred to as the Ethernet address or the MAC
address. The first three bytes of the Ethernet address are fixed and read 00-20-4A,
identifying the unit as a Lantronix product. The fourth, fifth, and sixth bytes are unique
numbers assigned to each unit.
Example: 00-20-4A-14-01-18
Note: Make note of the MAC address. It is needed to locate the WiPort using
DeviceInstaller.
IP Address
Every device connected to an IP network must have a unique IP address. This
address references the specific unit. The WiPort is automatically assigned an IP
address on DHCP-enabled networks, as it is DHCP-enabled by default.
Port Numbers
Every TCP connection and every UDP datagram is defined by a destination IP
address and a port number. For example, a Telnet application commonly uses port
number 23. A port number is similar to an extension on a phone system.
The unit's serial channel (port) can be associated with a specific TCP/UDP port
number. Port number 9999 is reserved for access to the unit's Setup (configuration)
Mode window. Ports 0-1024 are reserved as well. For more information on reserved
port numbers, refer to Table 5-7.
WiPort™ User Guide
13
3: Using DeviceInstaller
This chapter covers the steps for viewing the WiPort device server’s properties and
device details.
The WiPort’s default configuration is as follows:

Network name: LTRX_IBSS
Ad hoc mode
 No security
 BOOTP, DHCP, and AutoIP enabled.
The computer on which DeviceInstaller will be installed needs to have access to a
wireless card with the same settings. Set the IP address to 0.0.0.0.

Note: AutoIP generates a random IP address in the range 169.254.0.1 to
169.254.255.254 if no BOOTP or DHCP server is found
Accessing WiPort using DeviceInstaller
Note: Make note of the MAC address. You will need it to locate the WiPort
using DeviceInstaller. For more information on the hardware address, see
Hardware Address on page 13.
Follow the instructions on the product CD to install and run DeviceInstaller.
1. Click StartPrograms  LantronixDeviceInstallerDeviceInstaller.
2. Click on the Wireless folder. The list of Lantronix wireless devices available
displays.
3. Expand the list of WiPorts by clicking the + symbol next to the WiPort icon. Select
the WiPort unit by clicking on its IP address to view its configuration.
Viewing the WiPort’s Current Configuration
Follow the Accessing WiPort using DeviceInstaller on page 14 to locate the WiPort.
1. In the right window, click the Device Details tab. The current WiPort
configuration displays:
Name
Configurable field. Enter a name to identify the WiPort.
Double-click on the field, type in the value, and press Enter to
complete. This name is not visible on other PCs or laptops
using DeviceInstaller.
Group
Configurable field. Enter a group to categorize the WiPort.
Double-click on the field, type in the value, and press Enter to
complete. This group name is not visible on other PCs or
laptops using DeviceInstaller.
WiPort™ User Guide
14
Using DeviceInstaller
Comments
Configurable field. Enter comments for the WiPort. Doubleclick on the field, type in the value, and press Enter to
complete. This description or comment is not visible on other
PCs or laptops using DeviceInstaller.
Device Family
Non-configurable field. Displays the WiPort’s device family
type as Wireless.
Type
Non-configurable field. Displays the device type as WiPort.
ID
Non-configurable field. Displays the WiPort’s ID embedded
within the box.
Hardware Address
Non-configurable field. Displays the WiPort’s hardware (or
MAC) address.
Firmware Version
Non-configurable field. Displays the firmware currently
installed on the WiPort.
Extended Firmware
Version
Displays the firmware currently installed on the WiPort.
Online Status
Non-configurable field. Displays the WiPort’s status as online,
offline, unreachable (the WiPort is on a different subnet), or
busy (the WiPort is currently performing a task).
IP Address
Non-configurable field. Displays the WiPort’s current IP
address. To change the IP address, see 4: Configuration
Using Web-Manager or 5: Configuration via Serial Mode or
Telnet Port.
IP Addresss was
Obtained
Non-configurable field. Indicates whether the current IP
address on the WiPort was set using static or DHCP.
Subnet Mask
Non-configurable field. Displays the WiPort’s current subnet
mask. To change the subnet mask, see 4: Configuration Using
Web-Manager or 5: Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet
Port.
Gateway
Non-configurable field. Displays the WiPort’s current gateway.
To change the gateway, see 4: Configuration Using WebManager or 5: Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port.
Number of COB
partitions supported
Non-configurable field. Displays the number of COB partitions
supported (between 19 and 51).
Number of Ports
Non-configurable field. Displays the number of ports on the
WiPort.
TCP Keepalive
Non-configurable field. Displays 1-65s, the WiPort’s TCP
keepalive range.
Telnet Enabled
Non-configurable field. Permits Telnet sessions.
Telnet Port
Non-configurable field. Displays the WiPort’s port for telnet
sessions.
Web Enabled
Non-configurable field. Permits configuration through WebManager.
Web Port
Non-configurable field. Displays the WiPort’s port for WebManager configuration.
WiPort™ User Guide
15
Using DeviceInstaller
Maximum Baud Rate
Supported
Non-configurable field. Displays the WiPort’s maximum baud
rate. Note: the WiPort may not currently be running at this
rate.
Firmware Upgradeable
Non-configurable field. Displays True, indicating the WiPort’s
firmware is upgradeable as newer version become available.
Supports Configurable
Pins
Non-configurable field. Displays True, indicating configurable
pins are available on the WiPort.
Supports Email Triggers
Non-configurable field. Displays True, indicating email triggers
are available on the WiPort.
Supports AES Data
Stream
Non-configurable field. Displays True if the WiPort unit
supports AES encryption.
Supports 485
Non-configurable field. WiPort supports the RS-485 protocol.
Supports 920K Baudrate
Non-configurable field. WiPort supports baud rates up to
920K.
Supports Wired Ethernet
Non-configurable field. WiPort supports wired Ethernet.
Supports HTTP Server
Non-configurable field. Displays True.
Supports HTTP Setup
Non-configurable field. WiPort supports HTTP setup.
Supports 230K Baudrate
Non-configurable field. WiPort supports a baud rate of 230K.
Supports GPIO
Non-configurable field. WiPort supports communication via
General Purpose Input Output (GPIO).
WiPort™ User Guide
16
4: Configuration Using Web-Manager
This chapter describes how to configure the WiPort using Web-Manager, Lantronix’s
browser-based configuration tool. The unit’s configuration is stored in nonvolatile
memory and is retained without power. The unit performs a reset after the
configuration is changed and stored.
Accessing WiPort Web-Manager using DeviceInstaller
Follow the instructions on the product CD to install and run DeviceInstaller.
Note: For more information on DeviceInstaller, see 3:Using DeviceInstaller.
1. Run DeviceInstaller and search for the list of available Lantronix device servers.
2. Select the WiPort unit by clicking its IP address.
3. In the right window, click the Web Configuration tab.
4. To view the WiPort’s Web-Manager in the current DeviceInstaller window, click
Go. To open the Web-Manager in a web browser, click Use External Browser.
The Web-Manager opens.
Note: Alternatively, access the WiPort’s Web-Manager if it is connected
to the network by entering its IP address in a web browser.
A user and password dialog box displays. By default, no username and
password are configured.
Figure 4-1. Web-Manager
WiPort™ User Guide
17
Configuration Using Web-Manager
The main menu is in the left side of the Web-Manager window.
Note: Alternatively, access the WiPort’s Web-Manager if it is connected to
the network by entering its IP address in a web browser.
Network Configuration
The unit’s network values display upon selecting Network from the main menu. The
following sections describe the configurable parameters within the Network
configuration menu.
Note: The IP address is assigned via DHCP (on DHCP-enabled networks).
Assign a static IP address if preferred.
Figure 4-2. Network Settings
Network Mode Configuration
To determine the WiPort’s network mode:
1. Click Network from the main menu.
2. Modify the following:
Network Mode
WiPort™ User Guide
Select Wireless Only to enable only the wireless network
connectivity for the WiPort. Select Wired Only to enable only
the Ethernet network connectivity. Select Bridging to enable
bridging on the WiPort (for more information on bridging, see
8: Wireless Bridging).
18
Configuration Using Web-Manager
Automatic IP Address Configuration
To assign an IP address and its network configuration automatically:
1. Click Network from the main menu.
2. Select Obtain IP address automatically.
3. Enter the following (as necessary):
BOOTP
Select Enable to permit the Bootstrap Protocol (BOOTP). The
BOOTP server automatically assigns the IP address from a
pool of addresses.
DHCP
Select Enable to permit Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
(DHCP). DHCP automatically assigns a leased IP address to
the WiPort unit.
Auto-IP
The WiPort generates an IP in the 169.254.x.x address range
with a Class B subnet. Select the Enable checkbox to enable
this feature.
DHCP Host Name
Enter the name of the host on the network providing the IP
address.
Note: We do not advise disabling BOOTP, DHCP, and Auto-IP (all three
checkboxes) as the only available IP assignment method would then be ARP
or serial port.
4. Click the OK button when finished.
Static IP Address Configuration
To assign an IP address and its network configuration manually:
1. Click Network from the main menu.
2. Select Use the following IP configuration.
3. Enter the following (as necessary):
IP Address
If DHCP is not used to assign IP addresses, enter it manually.
The IP address must be set to a unique value in the network.
Subnet Mask
A subnet mask defines the number of bits taken from the IP
address that are assigned for the host part.
Default Gateway
The gateway address, or router, allows communication to
other LAN segments. The gateway address should be the IP
address of the router connected to the same LAN segment as
the unit. The gateway address must be within the local
network.
DNS Server
The DNS server allows the name of a remote machine to be
resolved automatically. Enter the IP address of the DNS
server. If the device is DHCP enabled, the DHCP server
provides the DNS server IP address, which will override this
configured value.
Note: This setting is applicable only in Manual Connection
mode.
WiPort™ User Guide
19
Configuration Using Web-Manager
4. Click the OK button when finished.
Ethernet Configuration
Figure 4-3. Ethernet Settings (Wired Only)
To specify how data will be transmitted:
1. Enter the following (as necessary):
Auto Negotiate
With this option, the Ethernet port auto-negotiates the speed
and duplex with the hardware endpoint to which it is
connected. This is the default setting.
If this option is not selected, complete the fields that become
available:
Speed: The speed of data transmission. The default setting is
100 Mbps.
Duplex: The direction of data transmission. The default
setting is Full.
2. When you are finished, click the OK button.
3. On the main menu, click Apply Settings.
WiPort™ User Guide
20
Configuration Using Web-Manager
Server Configuration
The unit’s server values display upon selecting Server from the main menu. The
following sections describe the configurable parameters within the Server
configuration menu.
Figure 4-4. Server Settings
To configure the WiPort’s device server settings:
1. Click Server from the main menu.
2. Configure or modify the following fields:
Server Configuration
Telnet Password
Enter the password required for Telnet access.
Retype Password
Re-enter the password required for Telnet access.
Advanced
ARP Cache Timeout
When the unit communicates with another device on the
network, it adds an entry into its ARP table. ARP Cache
timeout defines the number of seconds (1-600) before it
refreshes this table.
TCP Keepalive
TCP Keepalive time defines how many seconds the unit waits
during an inactive connection before checking its status. If the
unit does not receive a response, it drops that connection.
Enter a value between 0 and 65 seconds. 0 disables
keepalive.
Monitor Mode @ Bootup
Select Disable to disable the entry into the monitor mode via
the yyy or xx1 key sequence at startup. This command
prevents the unit from entering monitor mode by interpreting
the stream of characters that are received during the device
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Configuration Using Web-Manager
server's initialization at startup.
CPU Performance Mode
Select the WiPort’s performance mode. Higher performance
settings require more energy. Low is 26 Mhz. Regular is 48
Mhz; High is 88 Mhz. The default is Regular.
HTTP Server Port
This option allows the configuration of the web server port
number. The valid range is 1-65535. The default HTTP server
port number is 80.
Config Server Port
Allows for the configuration of the 0x77FE server port number.
Enter a number between 1 and 65535. The configuration is
available only in bridging mode for the discovery of Lantronix
device servers behind the bridge. The default 0x77FE server
port number is 30718.
MTU Size
The Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) is the largest physical
packet size a network can transmit for TCP and UDP. Enter
between 512 and 1400 bytes. The default is 1400 bytes.
Host List Configuration
The WiPort scrolls through the host list until it connects to a device listed in the host
list table. After a successful connection, the unit stops trying to connect to any others.
If this connection fails, the unit continues to scroll through the table until the next
successful connection.
The host list supports a minimum of 1 and a maximum of 12 entries. Each entry
contains an IP address and a port number.
Note: The host list is disabled for Manual and Modem Mode. The unit will not
accept a data connection from a remote device when the hostlist option is
enabled.
To configure the WiPort’s host list:
1. From the main menu, click the Hostlist tab.
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Configuration Using Web-Manager
Figure 4-5. Hostlist Settings
2. Enter or modify the following fields from the Hostlist Settings window:
Retry Settings
Retry Counter
Enter the value for the number of times the WiPort should
attempt to retry connecting to the host list.
Retry Timeout
Enter the duration (in seconds) the WiPort should abandon
attempting a connection to the host list.
Host Information
Host Address
Enter or modify the host’s IP address.
Port
Enter the target port number.
Channel 1 and Channel 2 Configuration
Channel 1 and Channel 2 configurations define how the serial ports respond to
network and serial communication.
Serial Settings
To configure a channel’s serial settings:
1. From the main menu, click Serial Settings for either Channel 1 or Channel 2 to
display the Serial Settings page for the selected channel.
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Figure 4-6. Channel Serial Settings
2. In the available fields, enter the following information:
Channel 1
Disable Serial Port
Available on Channel 1 settings only. When selected, disables
communication through the serial port.
Port Settings
Protocol
Select the protocol type from the pull down menu for the
selected channel. RS-422/485 4-wire and RS-485 2-wire
options are available on the WiPort-485 only.
Flow Control
Flow control manages data flow between devices in a network
to ensure it is processed efficiently. Too much data arriving
before a device is prepared to manage it causes lost or
retransmitted data.
Baud Rate
The unit and attached serial device, such as a modem, must
agree on a speed or baud rate to use for the serial connection.
Valid baud rates are 300, 600, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600
(default), 19200, 38400, 57600, 115200, 230400, 460800, or
921600.
Data Bits
Indicates the number of bits in a transmitted data package.
Parity
Checks for the parity bit. The default is None.
Stop Bits
The stop bit follows the data and parity bits in serial
communication. It indicates the end of transmission.
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Pack Control
Enable Packing
Select the checkbox to enable packing on the WiPort.
Two firmware-selectable packing algorithms define how and
when packets are sent to the network. The standard algorithm
is optimized for applications in which the unit is used in a local
environment, allowing for very small delays for single
characters, while keeping the packet count low. The alternate
packing algorithm minimizes the packet count on the network
and is especially useful in applications in a routed Wide Area
Network (WAN). Adjusting parameters in this mode can
economize the network data stream.
Idle Gap Time
Select the maximum time for inactivity. The default time is 12
milliseconds.
Match 2 Byte Sequence
Use to indicate the end of a series of data to be sent as one
group. The sequence must occur sequentially to indicate to
the WiPort end of the data collection.
Match Bytes
Use to indicate the end of a series of data to be sent as one
group. Set this value to 00 if specific functions are not needed.
Send Frame Immediate
After the detection of the byte sequence, indicates whether to
send the data frame or the entire buffer. Select Yes to send
only the data frame. The default setting is No.
Send Trailing Bytes
Select the number of bytes to send after the end-of-sequence
characters.
Flush Input Buffer (Serial to Network)
With Active Connect
Select Yes to clear the input buffer with a connection that is
initiated from the device to the network.
With Passive Connect
Select Yes to clear the input buffer with a connection initiated
from the network to the device.
At Time of Disconnect
Select Yes to clear the input buffer when the network
connection to or from the device is disconnected.
Flush Output Buffer (Network to Serial)
With Active Connect
Select Yes to clear the output buffer with a connection that is
initiated from the device to the network.
With Passive Connect
Select Yes to clear the output buffer with a connection initiated
from the network to the device.
At Time of Disconnect
Select Yes to clear the output buffer when the network
connection to or from the device is disconnected.
Connection Settings - TCP
To configure a channel’s TCP settings:
1. From the main menu, click Connection for either Channel 1 or Channel 2 to
display the Connection Settings page for the selected channel.
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2. In the available fields, enter the following information:
Connect Protocol
Protocol
Select TCP from the pull down menu.
Figure 4-7. TCP Connection Settings
Connect Mode: Passive Connection
Accept Incoming
Select Yes to accept incoming connections.
Password Required
Determines whether a password is required for an incoming
passive connection. Field is not available when a password is
set for Telnet mode.
Password
If Password Required was set to Yes, enter the password for
passive connections.
Connect Mode: Active Connection
Active Connect
WiPort™ User Guide
Select None to disable Active Connect. Otherwise, indicate
the connection type from the drop-down list:
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Configuration Using Web-Manager
With Any Character: Attempts to connect when any
character is received from the serial port.
With Active Mdm Ctrl In: Accepts external connection
requests only when the modem_control_in input is asserted.
With Start Character: Attempts to connect when it receives a
specific start character from the serial port. The default start
character is carriage return.
Manual Connection: Attempts to connect when directed by a
command string received from the serial port.
Auto Start: Automatically connects to the remote IP address
and port after booting up.
Start Character
If Active Connect is set to With Start Character, enter the
start character in this field.
Modem Mode
Indicates the on-screen response type when in Modem Mode
(if Modem Mode is enabled). The options are:





Show IP Address After
RING
Without Echo
Verbose Mdm Resp & Echo
Numeric Mdm Resp & Echo
Verbose Mdm Resp Only
Numeric Mdm Resp Only
Indicates whether to display the remote IP address upon
connection. The default setting is Yes.
Endpoint Configuration
Local Port
Enter the local port number.
Auto increment local
port number
Select to auto-increment the local port number for new
outgoing connections. The range of auto-incremented port
numbers is 50,000 to 59,999 and loops back to the beginning
when the maximum range is reached.
Remote Port
Enter the remote port number.
Remote Host
Enter the IP address of the remote device.
Common Options
Telnet Com Port Cntrl
This field is available for configuration only when Active
Connect is set to None. Select Enable to permit Telnet
communication to the unit. The Telnet Com Port Cntrl
feature is used in conjunction with the Com Port Redirector
(CPR) utility. (See the CPR online Help for details.)
Terminal Name
This field is available for configuration only when Telnet Mode
is set to Enable.
Use the terminal name for the Telnet terminal type. Enter only
one name. When this option is enabled, the unit also reacts to
the EOR (end of record) and binary options, which can be
used for applications such as terminal emulation to IBM hosts.
Connect Response
A single character is transmitted to the serial port when there
is a change in connection state. Default setting is None.
Use Hostlist
If this option is set to True, the device server scrolls through
the host list until it connects to a device listed in the host list
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Configuration Using Web-Manager
table. Once it connects, the unit stops trying to connect to any
others. If this connection fails, the unit continues to scroll
through the table until it is able to connect to another IP in the
host list.
The host list is disabled for Manual Mode and for Modem
Mode. The unit will not accept a data connection from a
remote device when the host list option is enabled.
LED
Select Blink for the status LEDs to blink upon connection or
None for no LED output.
Disconnect Mode
On Mdm_Ctrl_In Drop
Set to Yes for the network connection to or from the serial port
to drop when Modem Control In transitions from a high state
to a low state.
Hard Disconnect
When set to Yes, the TCP connection closes even if the
remote site does not acknowledge the disconnect request.
Check EOT (Ctrl-D)
Select Yes to drop the connection when Ctrl-D or Hex 04 is
detected. Both Telnet Com Port Cntrl and Check EOT
(Ctrl-D) must be enabled for Disconnect with EOT to
function properly. Ctrl-D is only detected going from the serial
port to the network. The default setting is No.
Inactivity Timeout
Use this parameter to set an inactivity timeout. The unit drops
the connection if there is no activity on the serial line before
the set time expires. Enter time in the format mm:ss, where m
is the number of minutes and s is the number of seconds. To
disable the inactivity timeout, enter 00:00.
Connection Settings - UDP
To configure a channel’s UDP settings:
1. From the main menu, click Connection for either Channel 1 or Channel 2 to
display the Connection Settings page for the selected channel.
2. In the available fields, enter the following information:
Connect Protocol
Protocol
WiPort™ User Guide
Select UDP from the pull down menu.
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Configuration Using Web-Manager
Figure 4-8. UDP Connection Settings
Datagram Mode
Datagram Type
Configures remote IP or network broadcast address and the
remote port. Enter 01 for directed or broadcast UDP.
Accept Incoming
Select Yes to accept incoming UDP datagrams.
Endpoint Configuration
Local Port
Enter the local port number.
Remote Port
Enter the port number of the remote device.
Remote Host
Enter the IP address of the remote device.
Use Broadcast
Select to broadcast the UDP datagram. Datagrams of type 01
can be sent as a broadcast by enabling this option. The
default is not to broadcast.
Note: Datagrams are sent as subnet-directed broadcasts.
Device Address Table
The table is enabled when Datagram Type is set to FD. Enter
values between 1 and 255 to identify units on the local
network of device servers.
Note: Lantronix Tech Support supports Datagram type 01.
Datagram Type FD is for OEM use.
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Email Configuration
The unit sends an email to multiple recipients when a specific trigger event occurs.
There are three separate triggers, based on any combination of the configurable pins
when selected as user I/O functions. Optionally, use a two-byte serial string to initiate
a trigger. Each trigger is independent of the others. Each condition within an
individual trigger must be met before the unit will send the email.
To configure the WiPort’s email settings:
1. From the main menu, select Email to open the Email Settings window.
Figure 4-9. Email Settings
2. Configure the following fields:
Server IP Address
Enter the IP address of the mail server.
Server Port
Enter the port number on the email server.
Domain Name
Enter the email server’s domain name.
Unit Name
Enter the username used by the WiPort to send email
messages.
Note: Do not use spaces in the name.
Recipients
Recipient 1: Email
Address
Enter the email address designated to receive email
notifications.
Recipient 2: Email
Address
Enter an additional email address designated to receive email
notifications.
Trigger Configuration
A trigger event occurs when the unit receives either one or two bytes of a specified
sequence on the serial port, or because of a specified combination of conditions on
the configurable pins.
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Set the configurable pins to Active, Inactive, or None. The configurable pins are
disabled if they are all set to None. If both the serial sequence and the configurable
pins are disabled, the trigger is disabled.
To configure the WiPort’s email trigger settings:
1. From the main menu, select Trigger 1, Trigger 2, or Trigger 3 to configure the
desired Trigger settings. The Email Trigger Settings page opens.
Figure 4-10. Email Trigger Settings
2. Configure the following fields:
Conditions
Configurable Pins
Select the condition from the pull down menu for the
configurable pins. Repeat for each Trigger Input field.
Enable Serial Trigger
Input
When selected, specified serial communications count as a
trigger input.
Channel
Select the channel prompting the trigger.
Data Size
Select the data size prompting the trigger.
Match Data
Enter the data which, when appears in the communication
stream, prompts a trigger.
Note: All of the conditions must match for an email notification to be sent.
Message Properties
Message
The subject line of the trigger event email to the specified
recipient(s).
Priority
The priority level for the e-mail.
Min. Notification Interval
The minimum time allowed between individual triggers. If a
trigger event occurs within the minimum interval since the last
trigger, it is ignored.
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Re-notification Interval
Indicates the time interval in which a new email message is
sent to the recipient(s) when a single trigger event remains
active.
WLAN Configuration
Without adequate protection, a wireless LAN is susceptible to access by
unauthorized users.
Note: Due to regulations, the country-specific setting has been removed from
the setup menu and Web-Manager. However, we provide a separate utility
for changing the Country/Zone setting. The utility is called SetZone and is
included in the WiPort package. It is also available for download from the
Lantronix web site.
The syntax is SetZone <IP address> [<zone abbreviation>]
Leaving the zone blank causes the utility to report the current setting only.
Following are valid zone abbreviations. These settings are consistent with
IEEE802.11b/g zones:
US=United States CA=Canada
FR=France
SP=Spain
JP=Japan
OT=Others, such as Europe (excluding
France), Asia, Africa, and Australia
To configure the WiPort’s WLAN settings:
1. Select WLAN from the main menu to open the WLAN Settings window.
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Figure 4-11. WLAN Settings
2. Enter or modify the following fields:
Wireless Network Configuration
Network Name
Enter the name of the wireless network (SSID). The WiPort
connects to this wireless network.
Network Type
Select Infrastructure or Ad-Hoc.
Channel
Configurable only when Network Type is set to Ad-Hoc.
Select from the pull down menu the radio channel for the Ad
Hoc network. The default value is 11.
Wireless Network Security
Security
As a security measure, enable WEP, WPA, or WPA2/802.11i
on the WiPort. By default, wireless security is disabled on
WiPort.
WEP Options
Authentication
WiPort™ User Guide
Select an authentication scheme (Open/None or Shared)
from the drop down menu.
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Configuration Using Web-Manager
Encryption
Select the encryption type (64 bits or 128 bits for WEP) from
the pull down menu. 64 bits is the default encryption for WEP.
Key Type
Select the key type (Hex or Passphrase).
Key/Retype Key
Enter the Encryption Key in hexadecimal value if Hex is
selected as the Key Type. Enter key as a string if Passphrase
is selected as the Key Type. Passphrase input is not the same
as ASCII input. . A passphrase of more than 20 characters is
recommended for adequate security. Spaces and punctuation
are permitted.
TX Key
Select the key to use for transmission.
WPA Options
Authentication
Select Pre-Shared Keys from the drop down menu.
Encryption
Select the encryption type from the pull down menu. TKIP is
the default encryption for WPA.
Key Type
Select the key type (Hex or Passphrase).
Key/Retype Key
Enter the Encryption Key in hexadecimal value if Hex is
selected as the Key Type. Enter key as a string if Passphrase
is selected as the Key Type. Passphrase input is not the same
as ASCII input. A passphrase of more than 20 characters is
recommended. Spaces and punctuation characters are
permitted.
802.11i/WPA2-Personal Options
Authentication
Select Pre-Shared Keys from the drop down menu.
Encryption
Select the encryption type from the pull down menu. CCMP is
the default encryption for WPA2.
Key Type
Select the key type (Hex or Passphrase).
Key/Retype Key
Enter the Encryption Key in hexadecimal value if Hex is
selected as the Key Type. Enter key as a string if Passphrase
is selected as the Key Type. Passphrase input is not the same
as ASCII input. A passphrase of more than 20 characters is
recommended. Spaces and punctuation characters are
permitted.
Advanced Settings
TX Data Rate
WiPort™ User Guide
WiPort permits the control of the transmission data rate. Click
the Auto check box to allow the WiPort to automatically set
the data rate (or leave unchecked to set the transmission rate
manually). The default rate is 54 Mbps.
If the Auto check box is selected, choose the maximum data
rate from the drop down menu.
If the Auto check box was not selected, select the fixed data
rate (in Mbps) from the drop down menu.
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Configuration Using Web-Manager
Min TX Data Rate
Selects the minimum data rate the device will use when
auto-fallback is enabled. The default is 1 Mbps.
Note: If Auto Rate Fallback is enabled and a minimum TX
data rate other than 1Mbps is configured, the radio will
operate in Single Rate Drop mode. This means that if a rate
drop becomes necessary, the radio will drop from the
maximum rate to the lowest rate, ignoring all rates in between.
This reduces the potential number of packet retransmission
attempts, because the radio attempts to transmit a packet
three times before transitioning to the next lowest TX rate.
Max TX Failures
Determines the maximum number of consecutive transmit
packet failures before the device will drop its association with
the AP and attempt to establish a new one. The range of
attempts is 6 to 64 with 255 equaling disabled. The default is
6 failed attempts.
Radio Power
Management
Power management reduces the overall power consumption
of the WiPort unit. Selecting Enable increases the response
time. Power management not permitted in Ad-Hoc mode.
AP Roaming
SmartRoam technology takes a proactive approach
in transferring connectivity from one AP to another AP
belonging to the same ESS (having the same SSID or
Network Name).
If enabled, SmartRoam manages the dynamic list of APs
belonging to the same network as the AP to which the WiPort
is currently associated and stores relevant selection criteria for
this list. The WiPort uses these criteria to identify a candidate
AP. If the candidate AP is not the current one, the WiPort
dissociates from the current one and associates to the
candidate.
The roaming technology also triggers candidate selection if
the WiPort reaches the boundaries of good signal coverage
for the current AP instead of waiting until signal quality
degrades substantially.
Configurable Pin Settings
There are 11 configurable hardware pins on the WiPort unit. For each pin, configure
the pin function, communication direction, and its activity level. For more information,
see Configurable Pins on page 70.
To configure the WiPort OEM Configurable Pins:
1. Click Configurable Pins from the main menu to open the Configurable Pins
window.
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Configuration Using Web-Manager
Figure 4-12. Configurable Pins Settings
2. Configure or modify the following fields for each pin:
Function
From the pull down menu, select the purpose of the specified
pin. See Configurable Pin Functions for a description of each
available function.
Direction
Select whether the pin inputs or outputs.
Trigger Input
Select whether the GPIO input signal is to be used as a trigger
condition for email.
Active Level
Select the signal active level (Low or High).
Configurable Pin Functions
General Purpose I/O
Monitors input via the 77F0 port or controls output by the 77F0
port.
Modem Ctrl, Channel 1
Allows for control of the connection (and disconnection) of
channel 1.
Modem Ctrl, Channel 1
Indicates a connection is established on channel 1.
Modem Ctrl, Channel 2
Allows for control of the connection (and disconnection) on
channel 2.
Modem Ctrl, Channel 2
Indicates a connection is established on channel 2.
Serial Channel 1 Status
LED
Indicates channel 1 status and extended diagnostics when the
Diagnostics LED is lit.
Serial Channel 2 Status
LED
Indicates channel 2 status.
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Diagnostics LED
Indicates errors and configurations.
Reset to Defaults
(Wireless)
Asserting during bootup for at least seven seconds resets the
configuration to factory defaults. Used when network access is
impossible because of improper configuration.
Reset to Defaults
(Ethernet)
Asserting during bootup for at least seven seconds resets the
configuration to factory defaults. In addition, the wired network
becomes the default interface. Used when network access is
impossible because of improper configuration.
RS-485 Select
Selects between RS-232 and RS-485 line drivers. Applies to
WiPort-485 only.
RS-485 2 Wire
Selects 2-wire line drivers. Usable as a half/full duplex
selector. Applies to WiPort-485 only.
RS-422/485 4 Wire
Selects 4-wire line drivers. Applies to WiPort-485 only.
Updating Settings
Click the Apply Settings button from the main menu to save and apply the
configuration changes.
Applying Defaults
Click the Apply Defaults button from the main menu to apply the factory settings to
the WiPort. For a list of the default settings, refer to Default Settings on page 67.
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5: Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port
Configure the unit so that it can communicate on a network with your serial device.
As an alternative to Web-Manager, the WiPort unit is configurable using a terminal
program to access the serial port locally. Using this terminal program to respond to
prompts is referred to as the Setup Mode. A Telnet connection may also be used to
configure the unit over the network.
The unit’s configuration is stored in nonvolatile memory and is retained without
power. You can change the configuration at any time. The unit performs a reset after
the configuration has been changed and stored.
Note: The menus in this section show a typical device. Not all devices
display information in the same manner.
Accessing Setup Mode
Telnet Access
Note: Alternatively, use DeviceInstaller to access Telnet. Select the device from the
main window list, and click the Telnet Configuration tab in the right window. If using
Telnet from the DeviceInstaller toolbar, skip steps 1 through 3.
To configure the unit over the network, establish a Telnet connection to port 9999:
1. From the Windows Start menu, click Run.
2. From the Run dialog box, type the following command (where x.x.x.x is the IP
address and 9999 is the unit’s fixed network configuration port number):
Windows: telnet x.x.x.x 9999
UNIX: telnet x.x.x.x:9999
3. Click OK. The following information displays:
Figure 5-1. MAC Address
MAC address 00204A89E06A
Software version V6.7.0.0RC6 (100118)
AES library version 1.8.2.1
Press Enter for Setup Mode
4. To enter the Setup Mode, press Enter within 5 seconds.
Note: Connection fails if Enter is not pressed within 5 seconds.
The configuration settings display, followed by the setup menu options:
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Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port
Figure 5-2. Setup Menu Options
Change Setup:
0 Server
1 Channel 1
2 Channel 2
3 E-mail
4 WLAN
5 Expert
6 Security
7 Defaults
8 Exit without save
9 Save and exit
Your choice ?
5. Select an option on the menu by entering the number of the option in the Your
choice? field and pressing Enter.
View the current configuration by pressing Enter from the Change Setup menu.
To enter a value for a parameter, type the value and press Enter. To confirm a
current value, press Enter (without inputted parameters).
6. When finished, save the new configurations (9 Save and exit). The unit reboots.
Serial Port Access
To configure the unit through a serial connection:
1. Connect a console terminal or PC running a terminal emulation program to your
unit's serial port. The default serial port settings are 9600 baud, 8 bits, no parity,
1 stop bit, no flow control.
2. Reset the WiPort unit by cycling the unit's power (turning the power off and back
on). Immediately upon resetting the device, enter three lowercase x characters
(xxx).
Note: The easiest way to enter Setup Mode is to hold down the x key at
the terminal (or emulation) while resetting the unit. This must be done
within three seconds of resetting the WiPort.
3. Upon connection, the following information displays:
Figure 5-3. MAC Address
MAC address 00204A89E06A
Software version V6.7.0.0RC6 (100118)
AES library version 1.8.2.1
Press Enter for Setup Mode
4. To enter the Setup Mode, press Enter within 5 seconds.
Note: Connection fails if Enter is not pressed within 5 seconds.
The configuration settings display, followed by the setup menu options:
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Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port
Figure 5-4. Setup Menu Options
Change Setup:
0 Server
1 Channel 1
2 Channel 2
3 E-mail
4 WLAN
5 Expert
6 Security
7 Defaults
8 Exit without save
9 Save and exit
Your choice ?
5. Select an option on the menu by entering the number of the option in the Your
choice ? field and pressing Enter.
View the current configuration by pressing Enter from the Change Setup menu.
To enter a value for a parameter, type the value and press Enter. To confirm a
current value, press Enter (without inputted parameters).
6. When finished, save the new configurations (9 Save and exit). The unit reboots.
Server Configuration
The unit’s basic server (i.e. network) values display upon selecting Server (option 0
from the Change Setup menu). The following sections describe the configurable
parameters within the Server configuration menu.
Network Mode
Select the network mode for the WiPort. Options available are Wired Only, Wireless
Only, and Bridging. For more information on Bridging, see 8: Wireless Bridging on
page 78.
Network Mode <0=Wired Only 1=Wireless Only
2=Bridging<One Host> >:
Set the IP Address
If DHCP is not used to assign IP addresses, enter it manually. The IP address must
be set to a unique value in the network. Enter each octet and press Enter between
each section inputted. The current value is displayed in parentheses.
IP Address : ( 0) ( 0) ( 0) ( 0) _
Set the Gateway IP Address
The gateway address, or router, allows communication to other LAN segments. The
gateway address should be the IP address of the router connected to the same LAN
segment as the unit. The gateway address must be within the local network.
The default is N (No), indicating the gateway address has not been set. To set the
gateway address, type Y. At the prompt, enter the gateway address.
Set Gateway IP Address (N) ? Y
Gateway IP addr ( 0) ( 0) ( 0) ( 0)_
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Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port
Set the Netmask
A netmask defines the number of bits taken from the IP address that are assigned for
the host part.
Netmask: Number of Bits for Host Part (0=default) (0) _
The unit prompts for the number of host bits to be entered, then calculates the
netmask, which displays in standard decimal-dot notation when the saved
parameters are displayed (for example, 255.255.255.0).
Table 5-1. Standard IP Network Netmasks Representing Host Bits
Network Class
Host Bits
Netmask
A
24
255.0.0.0
B
16
255.255.0.0
C
8
255.255.255.0
Set DNS Server IP Address
The DNS server allows the name of a remote machine to be resolved automatically.
The default is N (No), indicating the DNS server address has not been set. To set the
DNS server address, type Y. At the prompt, enter the DNS server address. If the
device is DHCP enabled, the DHCP server provides the DNS server IP address,
which will override this configured value.
Note: This setting is applicable only in Manual Connection mode.
Change Telnet Configuration Password
Setting the Telnet configuration password prevents unauthorized access to the setup
menu via a Telnet connection to port 9999 or via web pages. The password must
have 4 characters.
Change telnet config password (N) ? _
An enhanced password setting (for Telnet access only) of 16 characters is available
under option 6 Security from the Change Setup menu.
Note: A password is not required to access the Setup Mode window via a
serial connection.
DHCP Name
If a DHCP server has automatically assigned the IP address and network settings,
discover the unit by using the DeviceInstaller network search feature.
There are three methods for assigning DHCP names to the unit.

WiPort™ User Guide
Default DHCP Name: If the DHCP name is not changed and the IP is
0.0.0.0, then the DHCP name defaults to CXXXXXX (XXXXXX is the last 6
digits of the MAC address shown on the label on the bottom/side of the unit).
For example, if the MAC address is 00-20-4A-12-34-56, then the default
DHCP name is C123456.
41
Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port

Custom DHCP Name: Create your own DHCP name. If using an IP address
of 0.0.0.0, then the last option in Server configuration is Change DHCP
device name. This option allows you to change the DHCP name to an
alphanumeric name (LTX in the example).
Change DHCP device name (not set) ? (N) Y
Enter new DHCP device name : LTX

Numeric DHCP Name: You can change the DHCP name by specifying the
last octet of the IP address. When you use this method, the DHCP name is
LTXYY where YY is what you chose for the last octet of the IP address. If the
IP address you specify is 0.0.0.12, then the DHCP name is LTX12. This
method only works with 2-digit numbers (0-99).
The third octet of the IP address sets the BootP/DHCP/AutoIP options. To
disable an option, set the appropriate bit:
Table 5-2. BootP/DHCP/AutoIP options
Options
Bit
AutoIP
0
DHCP
1
BootP
2
For example, if the third octet is 0.0.5.0, the AutoIP and BootP options are
disabled; only DHCP is enabled. (The value 5 results from adding the binary
equivalents of 0 and 2.) This is the most common setting when using DHCP.
Channel 1 and Channel 2 Configuration
Select option 1 Channel 1 or 2 Channel 2 from the Change Setup menu to define
how the serial port responds to network and serial communications. The following
sections describe the configurable parameters within the Channel configuration
menu.
Table 5-3. Serial and Telnet Port Parameters
WiPort™ User Guide
42
Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port
Baudrate
The unit and attached serial device, such as a modem, must agree on a speed or
baud rate to use for the serial connection. Valid baud rates are 300, 600, 1200, 2400,
4800, 9600 (default), 19200, 38400, 57600, 115200, 230400, 460800, or 921600.
The current value is displayed in parentheses. The baud rates of 460800 and 921600
require a “High” CPU setting.
Baudrate (9600) ? _
I/F (Interface) Mode
The Interface (I/F) Mode is a bit-coded byte entered in hexadecimal notation. The
current value is displayed in parentheses.
I/F Mode (4C) ? _
Note: RS-422 and RS-485 are available on Channel 2 only (WiPort-485
models) if the WiPort is used with the WiPort evaluation board. Otherwise,
RS-422 and RS-485 functions are available on only one channel; depending
on which channel the drivers were added, these functions are available on
either channel 1 or channel 2.
The following table displays available I/F Mode options:
Table 5-4. Interface Mode Options
I/F Mode Option
RS-232
7
6
5
4
3
2
(1)
RS-422/485 4-wire
RS-485 2-wire
(2)
(2)
7 Bit
1
0
8 Bit
1
1
No Parity
0
0
Even Parity
1
1
Odd Parity
0
1
1 stop bit
2 stop bits
(1)
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
(1) 2 stop bits are implemented by the software. This might influence performance.
(2) On WP2004000-01 (WiPort-485) only.
Note: If attempting to select an I/F Mode bit pertaining to RS-422/485 on a
WiPort model WP2001000-01, a “WARNING: RS-422/485 I/F Modes not
supported” message displays. RS-422/485 settings are available on the
WP2004000-01 (WiPort-485).
The following table demonstrates some common I/F Mode settings:
WiPort™ User Guide
43
Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port
Table 5-5. Common Interface Mode Settings
Common I/F Mode Setting
Binary
Hex
RS-232C, 8-bit, No Parity, 1 stop bit
0100 1100
4C
RS-232C, 7-bit, Even Parity, 1 stop bit
0111 1000
78
RS-485 2-wire, 8-bit, No Parity, 1 stop
bit
0100 1111
4F
RS-422, 8-bit, Odd Parity, 1 stop bit
0101 1101
5D
Flow
Flow control sets the local handshaking method for stopping serial input/output. The
current value is displayed in parentheses.
Flow (0) ? _
Use the following table to select flow control options:
Table 5-6. Flow Control Options
Flow Control Option
Hex
No flow control
00
XON/XOFF flow control
01
Hardware handshake with RTS/CTS lines
02
XON/XOFF pass characters to host
05
Port Number
The Port No setting represents the source port number in TCP connections. It is the
number that identifies the channel for remote initiating connections. The port number
functions as the TCP/UDP source port number for outgoing packets. Packets sent to
the unit with this port number are received to this channel. The port number selected
is the Incoming TCP/UDP port and Outgoing TCP/UDP source port.
Port No (10001) ? _
The current value is displayed in parentheses. The default setting for Port 1 is 10001.
The range is 1-65535, except for the following reserved port numbers:
WiPort™ User Guide
44
Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port
Table 5-7. Reserved Port Numbers
Port Numbers
Reserved for
1 – 1024
Reserved
9999
Telnet setup
14000-14009
Reserved for Redirector
30704
Reserved (77F0h)
30718
Reserved (77FEh)
Note: We recommend that you not use the reserved port numbers for this
setting as incorrect operation may result.
Use Port 0 for the outgoing local port to change with each connection. The port range
is 50,000 to 59,999. Each subsequent connection increments the number by 1 (it
wraps back around to 50,000).
Only use this automatic port increment feature to initiate a connection using TCP. Set
the port to a non-zero value when the unit is in a passive mode or when using UDP
instead of TCP.
Connect Mode
Connect Mode defines the unit’s connection method and its reaction to incoming
connections over the network. The current value is displayed in parentheses.
ConnectMode (C0) ? _
Enter Connect Mode options in hexadecimal notation:
Table 5-8. Connect Mode Options
Connect Mode Option
a)
7
6
5
4
0
0
0
Accept with active Modem Control In
0
1
0
Always Accept
1
1
0
1
0
Response
Nothing (quiet)
0
Character response (C=connect,
D=disconnect, N=unreachable)
1
c)
2
Incoming Connection
Never accept incoming
b)
3
Active Startup
No active startup
0
0
0
0
With any character
0
0
0
1
With active Modem Control In
0
0
1
0
With a specific start character
0
0
1
1
WiPort™ User Guide
45
Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port
Connect Mode Option
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Manual connection
0
1
0
0
Autostart
0
1
0
1
1
1
0
0
Hostlist
d)
0
0
1
0
Datagram Type
Directed UDP
e)
Modem Mode
No Echo
0
0
1
1
Echo & Modem Response (Numeric)
0
1
1
1
1
Echo & Modem Response (Verbose)
0
1
1
1
0
Modem Response Only (Numeric)
0
0
1
1
1
1
Modem Response Only (Verbose)
0
0
1
1
1
0
a) Incoming Connection
Never Accept Incoming
Rejects all external connection attempts.
Accept with active
Modem Control in
Accepts external connection requests only when Modem
Control In is asserted. Cannot be used with Modem Mode.
Always Accept
Accepts any incoming connection when a connection is not
already established. Default setting.
b) Response
Character Response
c)
A single character is transmitted to the serial port when there is a
change in connection state:
C = connected, D = disconnected, N = host unreachable.
This option is overridden when the Active Start Modem Mode or
Active Start Host List is in effect. Default setting is Nothing
(quiet).
Active Startup
No Active Startup
Does not attempt to initiate a connection. Default setting.
With Any Character
Attempts to connect when any character is received from the
serial port.
With active Modem
Control in
Attempts to connect when the Modem Control In input changes
from not asserted to asserted.
With a Specific Start
Character
Attempts to connect when it receives a specific start character
from the serial port. The default start character is carriage return.
Manual Connection
Attempts to connect when directed by a command string
received from the serial port. The first character of the command
string must be a C (ASCII 0x43), and the last character must be
either a carriage return (ASCII 0x0D) or a line feed (0x0A). No
blanks or space characters may be in the command string.
WiPort™ User Guide
46
Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port
Between the first and last command string characters must be a
full or partial destination IP address and can include a
destination port number.
The IP address must be in standard dot-decimal notation and
may be a partial address, representing the least significant 1, 2,
or 3 bytes of the remote IP address. The period is required
between each pair of IP address numbers.
If present, the port number must follow the IP address, must be
presented as a decimal number in the range 1-65535, and must
be preceded by a forward slash (ASCII 0x2F). The slash
separates the IP address and the port number. If you omit the
port number from a command string, the internally stored remote
port number starts a connection.
If a partial IP address is presented in a command string, it is
interpreted to be the least significant bytes of the IP address and
uses the internally stored remote IP address to provide the most
significant bytes of the IP address. If the IP address entered is
0.0.0.0/0, the device server enters Monitor Mode.
For example, if the remote IP address already configured in the
unit is 129.1.2.3, then an example command string would be
C3/7. (This would connect to 129.1.2.3 and port 7.) You may
also use a different ending for the connection string. For
example, C50.1/23 would connect you to 129.1.50.1 and port 23.
If an IP address does not follow the first command string
character (which is "C"), the subsequent character string is
interpreted as the host name and domain to be used in DNS
lookup. This character string can include a destination port
number as well. The port number can be preceded by either a
forward slash (/) or a colon ( : ).
Table 5-9. Manual Connection Address Example
Command String
Result if remote IP is 129.1.2.3 and remote port is 1234
C121.2.4.5/1
Complete override; connection is started with host 121.2.4.5, port 1
C5
Connects to 129.1.2.5, port 1234
C28.10/12
Connects to 129.1.28.10, port 12
C0.0.0.0/0
Enters Monitor Mode
Cwww.lantronix.com/
80
Tries to connect to the Lantronix web server if the
<hostname:domain> (www.lantronix.com) is configured in the DNS
server database.
Autostart (Automatic
Connection)
WiPort™ User Guide
The unit automatically attempts a connection to the remote IP
address and port after booting up.
47
Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port
Hostlist
If this option is set to True, the device server scrolls through the
host list until it connects to the first available device listed in the
host list table. Once it connects, the unit stops further attempts. If
this connection fails, the unit continues to scroll through the table
until it is able to connect to the next available IP address in the
host list.
Hostlist supports a minimum of 1 and a maximum of 12 entries.
Each entry contains the IP address and the port number.
The hostlist is disabled for Manual Mode and for Modem Mode.
The unit will not accept a data connection from a remote device
when the hostlist option is enabled.
Figure 5-5. Hostlist Example
Baudrate (9600) ?
I/F Mode (4C) ?
Flow (00) ?
Port No (10001) ?
ConnectMode (C0) ?25
Hostlist :
No Entry !
Change Hostlist ? (N) Y
01. IP address : (000) 172.(000) 19.(000) 0.(000) 1
(0) ?23
02. IP address : (000) 172.(000) 19.(000) 0.(000) 2
(0) ?3001
03. IP address : (000) 172.(000) 19.(000) 0.(000) 3
(0) ?10001
04. IP address : (000) .(000) .(000) .(000)
Hostlist
01. IP :
02. IP :
03. IP :
:
172.019.000.001
172.019.000.002
172.019.000.003
Port :
Port :
Port :
Port : 00023
Port : 03001
Port : 10001
Change Hostlist ? (N) N
Hostlist Retrycounter (3) ?
Hostlist Retrytimeout (250) ?
DisConnMode (00) ?
FlushMode
(00) ?
DisConnTime (00:00) ?:
SendChar 1 (00) ?
SendChar 2 (00) ?
To enable the hostlist:
1. Enter a Connect Mode of 0x20. The menu shows a list of current entries already
defined in the product.
2. To delete, modify, or add an entry, select Yes. If entering an IP address of
0.0.0.0, that entry and all others after it are deleted.
3. After completing the hostlist, repeat the previous step if necessary to edit the
hostlist again.
4. For Retrycounter, enter the number of times the Lantronix unit should try to
make a good network connection to a hostlist entry that it has successfully
ARPed. The range is 1-15, with the default set to 3.
WiPort™ User Guide
48
Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port
5. For Retrytimeout, enter the number of seconds the unit should wait before
failing an attempted connection. The time is stored as units of milliseconds in the
range of 10-65535. The default is 250.
d) Datagram Type
Directed UDP
When selecting this option, you are prompted for the Datagram type.
Enter 01 for directed or broadcast UDP. Datagrams of type 01 can be
sent as a broadcast by enabling the Send as Broadcast option. The
default is not to broadcast.
Note: Datagrams are sent as subnet-directed broadcasts.
When the UDP option is in effect, the unit never attempts to initiate a
TCP connection because it uses UDP datagrams to send and receive
data.
e) Modem Mode
In Modem (Emulation) Mode, the unit presents a modem interface to the attached
serial device. It accepts AT-style modem commands, and handles the modem signals
correctly.
Normally, there is a modem connected to a local PC and a modem connected to a
remote machine. A user must dial from the local PC to the remote machine,
accumulating phone charges for each connection. Modem Mode allows you to
replace modems with WiPorts, and to use an Ethernet connection instead of a phone
call. By not having to change communications applications, you avoid potentially
expensive phone calls.
To select Modem Mode, set the Connect Mode to C6 (no echo), D6 (echo with full
verbose), D7 (echo with numeric response), CF (modem responses only, numeric
response), or CE (modem responses only, full verbose).
Note: If the unit is in Modem Mode, and the serial port is idle, the unit can
still accept network TCP connections to the serial port if Connect Mode is set
to C6 (no echo), D6 (echo with full verbose), D7 (echo with numeric
response), CF (modem responses only, numeric response), or CE (modem
responses only, full verbose).
Without Echo
In Modem Mode, echo refers to the echo of all of the characters
entered in command mode; it does not mean to echo data that is
transferred. Quiet Mode (without echo) refers to the modem not
sending an answer to the commands received (or displaying what
was typed).
Echo & Modem
Response
Full Verbose: The unit echoes modem commands and responds
to a command with a message string shown in the table below.
Numeric Response: The unit echoes modem commands and
responds to a command with a numeric response.
Modem Responses
Only
Full Verbose: The unit responds to a command with a message
string shown in the table below.
Numeric Response: The unit responds to a command with a
numeric response.
WiPort™ User Guide
49
Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port
Table 5-10. Modem Mode Messages
Message
Meaning
Full Verbose
OK
Command was executed without error.
CONNECT
A network connection has been established.
NO CARRIER
A network connection has been closed.
RING n.n.n.n.
A remote device, having IP address n.n.n.n, is connecting to this
device.
Numeric Response
0
OK
1
Connected
2
Ring
3
No Carrier
4
Error
Received commands must begin with the two-character sequence AT and be
terminated with a carriage return character.
The unit ignores any character sequence received not starting with AT, and only
recognizes and processes single AT-style commands. The unit treats compound AT
commands as unrecognized commands.
If the Full Verbose option is in effect, the unit responds to an unrecognized
command string that is otherwise formatted correctly (begins with AT and ends with
carriage return) with the "OK" message and takes no further action.
If the Numeric Response option is in effect, the unit responds to an unrecognized
command string that is otherwise formatted correctly with the "OK" message and
takes no further action.
When an active connection is in effect, the unit transfers data and does not process
commands received from the serial interface.
When a connection is terminated or lost, the unit reverts to command mode.
When an active connection is in effect, the unit terminates the connection if it
receives the following sequence from the attached serial device:




WiPort™ User Guide
No serial data is received for one second.
The character sequence +++ is received, with no more than one second
between each two characters.
No serial data is received for one second after the last + character. At this
time, the unit responds affirmatively per the selected echo/response mode.
The character string ATH is received, terminated with a carriage return. The
unit responds affirmatively according to the selected echo/response mode
and drops the network connection. The serial interface reverts to accepting
command strings.
50
Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port
If this sequence is not followed, the unit remains in data transfer mode.
Table 5-11. Modem Mode Commands
Modem Mode
Command
Function
ATDTx.x.x.x,pppp or
ATDTx.x.x.x/pppp or
ATDTx.x.x.x:pppp
Makes a connection to an IP address (x.x.x.x) and a remote port
number (pppp).
ATDTx.x.x.x
Makes a connection to an IP address (x.x.x.x) and the remote port
number defined within the unit.
ATD0.0.0.0
Forces the unit into Monitor Mode. Uses remote IP address and
port settings to initiate a connection.
ATD or ATDT
Forces the unit into Monitor Mode. Uses remote IP address and
port settings to initiate a connection.
ATDx.x.x.x
Makes a connection to an IP address (x.x.x.x) and the remote port
number defined within the unit.
ATH
Hangs up the connection (Entered as +++ ATH ).
ATS0=n
Enables or disables connections from the network going to the
serial port.
n=0 disables the ability to make a connection from the network to
the serial port.
n=1-9 enables the ability to make a connection from the network
to the serial port.
n>9 is invalid.
ATEn
Enables or disables character echo and responses.
n=0 disables character echo and responses.
n=1 enables character echo and responses.
ATVn
Enables numeric response or full verbose.
n=0 enables numeric response.
n=1 enables full verbose.
Note: The unit recognizes these AT commands as single commands such as
ATE0 or ATV1; it does not recognize compound commands such as ATE0V.
Send the Escape Sequence (+++) in Modem Mode
Send ‘+++’ in Modem Mode (Y) ? _
Disable or enable the WiPort’s ability to send the escape sequence. The default is Y
(Yes) (send the escape sequence).
Show IP addr after 'RING'
Disable or enable the WiPort's ability to show the IP address after RING in Modem
Mode. The default is Y (Yes) (shows the IP address).
WiPort™ User Guide
51
Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port
Auto Increment Source Port
Auto increment source port (N) ? _
Y (Yes) auto increment the source port. The WiPort increments the port number used
with each new connection.
Remote IP Address
This is the destination IP address used with an outgoing connection.
Remote IP Address : ( 0) ( 0) ( 0) ( 0)_
Note: This option is not displayed when Hostlist is enabled from the
ConnectMode prompt (see page 45 for more information).
Remote Port
Set the remote TCP port number for the unit to make outgoing connections. This
parameter defines the port number on the target host to which a connection is
attempted.
Remote Port ( 0) ? _
To connect an ASCII terminal to a host using the unit for login purposes, use the
remote port number 23 (Internet standard port number for Telnet services).
Note: This option is not displayed when Hostlist is enabled from the
ConnectMode prompt (see page 45 for more information).
DisConnMode
Disconnect Mode (DisConnMode) determines the conditions under which the unit will
cause a network connection to terminate. The current value is displayed in
parentheses.
DisConnMode ( 0) ? _
In DisConnMode, modem_control_in either drops the connection or is ignored. The
following table displays the available input options:
Table 5-12. Disconnect Mode Options
Disconnect Mode Option
7
Disconnect when Modem
(6)
Control In is not asserted
1
Ignore Modem Control In
0
Telnet Com Port Cntrl and
(1)
terminal type setup
Channel (port) password
Hard disconnect
4
3
2
1
0
1
(3)
0
Disable hard disconnect
WiPort™ User Guide
5
1
(2)
State LED off with connection
6
1
(4)
1
52
Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port
Disconnect Mode Option
Disconnect with EOT (^D)
7
(5)
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
1
(1) The WiPort sends the "Terminal Type" upon an outgoing connection.
(2) A password is required for a connection to the serial port from the network.
(3) The TCP connection closes even if the remote site does not acknowledge the disconnection.
(4) When there is a network connection to or from the serial port, the state LED turns off instead of blinking.
(5) When Ctrl-D or Hex 04 is detected, the connection is dropped. Both Telnet Com Port Cntrl and
Disconnect with EOT must be enabled for Disconnect with EOT to function properly. Ctrl+D is only
detected going from the serial port to the network.
(6) When Modem Control In transitions from a high state to a low state, the network connection to or from the
serial port drops.
Flush Mode
The FlushMode (buffer flushing) parameter controls line handling and network buffers
with connection startup and disconnect.
FlushMode ( 0) ? _
Select between two different packing algorithms (the current configuration is
displayed within the parentheses). Available Flush Mode options are:
Table 5-13. Flush Mode Options
Function
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Input Buffer (Serial to Network)
Clear with a connection that is initiated from the
device to the network
1
Clear with a connection initiated from the network
to the device
1
Clear when the network connection to or from the
device is disconnected
1
Output Buffer (Network to Serial)
Clear with a connection that is initiated from the
device to the network
1
Clear with a connection initiated from the network
to the device
1
Clear when the network connection to or from the
device is disconnected
1
Alternate Packing Algorithm (Pack Control)
Enable
1
Pack Control
The packing algorithm defines how and when packets are sent to the network. The
standard algorithm is optimized for applications in which the unit is used in a local
environment. The alternate packing algorithm minimizes the packet count on the
network and is especially useful in applications in a routed Wide Area Network
(WAN). Adjusting parameters in this mode can economize the network data stream.
WiPort™ User Guide
53
Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port
Pack control settings are enabled in Flush Mode. Set this value to 00 if specific
functions are not needed.
Table 5-14. Pack Control Options
Option
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Interval: 12ms
0
0
Interval: 52ms
0
1
Interval: 250ms
1
0
Interval: 5sec
1
1
Packing Interval
Trailing Characters
None
0
0
One
0
1
Two
1
0
Send Characters
2-Byte Send Character
Sequence
Send Immediately After
Send chars
1
1
Packing Interval: Packing Interval defines how long the unit should wait before
sending accumulated characters. This wait period is between successive network
segments containing data. For alternate packing, the default interval is 12 ms.
Trailing Characters: In some applications, CRC, Checksum, or other trailing
characters follow the end-of-sequence character; this option helps to adapt frame
transmission to the frame boundary.
Send Characters:

If 2-Byte Send Character Sequence is enabled, the unit interprets the
sendchars as a 2-byte sequence; if this option is not enabled, the unit
interprets them independently.
 If Send Immediately After Characters is not set, any characters already in
the serial buffer are included in the transmission after a "transmit" condition is
found. If this option is set, the unit sends immediately after recognizing the
transmit condition (sendchar or timeout).
Note: A transmission might occur if status information needs to be
exchanged or an acknowledgment needs to be sent.
DisConnTime (Inactivity Timeout)
Use this parameter to set an inactivity timeout. The unit drops the connection if there
is no activity on the serial line before the set time expires. Enter time in the format
mm:ss, where m is the number of minutes and s is the number of seconds.
DisConnTime (0: 0) ?:
WiPort™ User Guide
54
Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port
To disable the inactivity timeout, enter 00:00. Range is 0 (disabled) to 5999 seconds
(99 minutes, 59 seconds). The default is 0.
SendChar 1 and SendChar 2
Enter up to two characters in hexadecimal representation.
SendChar 1 ( 0) ? _
SendChar 2 ( 0) ? _
If the unit receives a character on the serial line that matches one of these
characters, it sends the character immediately, along with any awaiting characters, to
the TCP connection. This action minimizes the response time for specific protocol
characters on the serial line (for example, ETX, EOT). Setting the first SendChar to
00 disables the recognition of the characters. Alternatively, the unit can interpret two
characters as a sequence (see Pack Control on page 53).
Telnet Terminal Type
This parameter displays only if the terminal type option is enabled in Disconnect
Mode. If this option is enabled, use the terminal name for the Telnet terminal type.
Enter only one name.
If the terminal type option is enabled, the unit also reacts to the EOR (end of record)
and binary options, which can be used for applications such as terminal emulation to
UNIX hosts.
Channel (Port) Password
This parameter displays only if the channel (port) password option is enabled in
Disconnect Mode. If the option is enabled, set a password on the serial port.
Email Configuration
The unit sends an email to multiple recipients when a specific trigger event occurs.
There are three separate triggers, based on any combination of the configurable pins
(PIO) when selected as user I/O functions. Optionally, use a two-byte serial string to
initiate a trigger. To configure email configuration settings, select option 3 Email from
the Change Setup menu.
WiPort™ User Guide
55
Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port
Figure 5-6. Email Settings
Mail Server
Enter the IP address of the mail server. Enter each 3-digit section and press Enter
between each section inputted. The current value is displayed in parentheses.
Mail Server (0.0.0.0) ? ( 0) _
Unit Name
Enter the username used by the WiPort to send email messages. The current value
is displayed in parentheses. Note: Do not use spaces in the name.
Unit name () ? _
Domain Name
Enter the email server’s domain name. The current value is displayed in parentheses.
Domain name () ? _
Recipient 1
Enter the full email address of the trigger email recipient. The current value is
displayed in parentheses.
Recipient 1 () ? _
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Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port
Recipient 2
Enter the full email address of the trigger email recipient. The current value is
displayed in parentheses.
Recipient 2 () ? _
Trigger 1
A trigger event occurs when the unit receives the specified trigger input because of a
specified combination of conditions on the configurable pins.
Enable serial trigger input (N) ?
Trigger input1 [A/I/X] (X) ?
Trigger input1 [A/I/X] (X) ?
Trigger input1 [A/I/X] (X) ?
Message () ?
Priority (L) ?
Minimum notification interval (1 s) ?
Re-notification interval (0 s) ?
Set the configurable pins to A = Active, I = Inactive, or X = Don’t Care. Active can
mean Active Low or Active High. If the configurable pins are all set to X (Don’t Care),
then they are disabled. If both the serial sequence and the configurable pins are
disabled, the trigger is disabled.
To change the configurable pins’ settings, send setup records to Port 77FE.
The Message is the subject line of the trigger event email to the specified
recipient(s).
The Priority is the priority level for the trigger even email. Enter L for normal priority
or H for high priority.
The Minimum notification interval is the minimum time allowed between individual
triggers. If a trigger event occurs within the minimum interval since the last trigger, it
is ignored.
The Re-notification interval indicates the time interval in which a new email
message is sent to the recipient(s) when a single trigger event remains active.
Trigger 2
Refer to Trigger 1 for details on completing these fields.
Note: Each trigger is independent of the others. Each condition within an
individual trigger must be met before the unit will send the email.
Trigger 3
Refer to Trigger 1 for details on completing these fields.
Note: Each trigger is independent of the others. Each condition within an
individual trigger must be met before the unit will send the email.
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Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port
WLAN Settings
Without adequate protection, a wireless LAN is susceptible to access by
unauthorized users. As such, WiPort features the WPA security standard, based on
IEEE802.11i and IEEE802.1X. WEP is provided for backwards compatibility and
interaction with older devices.
When in WPA and WPA2 modes, the encryption setting denotes the lowest
acceptable encryption method. CCMP is higher than TKIP, and TKIP is higher than
WEP. For example, if the WiPort is configured for WEP and the AP supports TKIP,
the negotiation results in the use of TKIP. If the WiPort is configured for TKIP and the
AP supports only WEP, the association will fail because the AP does not meet the
WiPort’s requirements.
Unicast communication occurs between the AP and a single wireless device. It uses
the pairwise encryption method. Multicast communication occurs between the AP
and multiple wireless devices. It uses the group encryption method. The group
encryption for all wireless devices communicating with the same access point must
be equal in order to receive broadcast and multicast messages. If any device is
WEP-only (i.e. no support for WPA), set the encryption to TKIP+WEP. To use higher
security with the WiPort than other devices connecting to the same AP, use a group
encryption lower than the pairwise encryption.
Note: Due to regulations, the country-specific setting has been removed from
the setup menu and Web-Manager. However, we provide a separate utility
for changing the Country/Zone setting. The utility is called SetZone and is
included in the WiPort package. It is also available for download from the
Lantronix web site.
The syntax is SetZone <IP address> [<zone abbreviation>]
Leaving the zone blank causes the utility to report the current setting only.
Following are valid zone abbreviations. These settings are consistent with
IEEE802.11b/g zones:
US=United States
CA=Canada
FR=France
SP=Spain
JP=Japan
OT=Others, such as Europe (excluding
France), Asia, Africa, and Australia
To modify WLAN settings, select 4 WLAN from the Change Setup menu.
Topology
Select Infrastructure (ESS) mode or Adhoc (IBSS) mode. Infrastructure mode
communicates with APs. Adhoc mode communicates only with other clients.
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Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port
Topology 0=Infrastructure, 1=Adhoc (0) ?
_
Network Name (SSID)
Enter the name of the network to which the WiPort will connect.
Network name (LTRX_IBSS) ? _
Adhoc Network Channel
When Adhoc is selected in the Topology parameter and the WiPort cannot find the
specified network, it creates one with that name by transmitting a beacon on the
selected channel.
Channel (11) ? _
Only channels allowed in the country for which the WiPort is designated can be
selected. The country is shown in the Setup Mode settings overview.
Security Suite
The WiPort features WEP, WPA, and WPA2/802.11i to secure all wireless
communication. WPA and WPA2/802.11i are not available when Adhoc is selected
as the topology.
The WPA2/802.11i mode is compliant with the Robust Secure Network that is
specified in the IEEE standard 802.11i. It enables the AES-based strong CCMP
encryption.
Security suite
0=none, 1=WEP, 2=WPA, 3=WPA2/802.11i (0) ? _
WEP
Security suite: 0=none, 1=WEP, 2=WPA, 3=WPA2/802.11i (1) ? 1
Authentication: 0=open/none, 1=shared (1) ?
Encryption: 1=WEP64, 2=WEP128 (2) ?
Change Key (N) ? Y
Display key (N) ?
Key type 0=hex, 1=passphrase (0) ?
Enter Key: **-**-**-**-**-**-**-**-**-**-**-**-**
TX Key index (1) ? 1
TX Data rate: 0=fixed, 1=auto fallback (1) ?
Authentication
Select whether the encryption keys are matched (1 =
shared) with those of the communication partner before
passing through messages or not (2 = open/none).
Encryption
Length of the encryption key and the security strength.
WEP64 uses a 40 bits/5 bytes key (option 1); WEP128 uses
a 104 bits/13 bytes key (option 2).
Change key
Select Y (Yes) to modify the currently configured key.
Display Key
Select Y (Yes) to show the currently configured
key/passphrase.
Key type
Indicate whether the new key is in hexadecimal or
passphrase format.
Enter key
Enter the new encryption key. The passphrase input is not
the same as ASCII input (as used on some products). ASCII
is translated directly into hexadecimal bytes according to the
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Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port
ASCII table. The WiPort passphrase is hashed using the
Neesus Datacom algorithm (for WEP64) or MD5 (for
WEP128).
The passphrase input is safer because it is up to 63 chars
long. ASCII input is a maximum of 5 (WEP64) or 13
(WEP128) characters long and limits the number of key
combinations.
Please refer to the other equipment’s manual to determine
the passphrase input style recommended.
Note: Lantronix recommends using a passphrase of 20
characters or more for maximum security.
TX Key index
Select the WEP key used for transmissions. Enter a value
from 1 to 4.
TX Data rate
Select the Data Transmit rate. The value are 1 MB, 2 MB,
5.5 MB, 11 MB, 18 MB, 24 MB, 36 MB, and 54 MB.
WPA
This firmware version allows only Pre-Shared Keys (PSK) for authentication.
Security suite: 0=none, 1=WEP, 2=WPA, 3=WPA2/802.11i (0) ? 2
Change key (N) ? Y
Display key (N) ?
Key type 0=hex, 1=passphrase (1) ? 1
Enter key: ***********************
Encryption: 0=TKIP, 1=TKIP+WEP (0) ?
Change key
Select Y (Yes) to modify the currently configured key.
Display key
Select Y (Yes) at the prompt to show the currently configured
key/passphrase
Key type
Indicate whether the new key is in hexadecimal or passphrase
format.
Enter key
Enter the passphrase. The maximum length is 63 characters.
Note: Lantronix recommends using a passphrase of 20
characters or more for maximum security.
Encryption
Set the type to the minimum required security level. The “+” sign
indicates that the group (broadcast) encryption method is
different from the pairwise (unicast) encryption (WEP and TKIP).
802.11i/WPA2-PERSONAL
Security suite: 0=none, 1=WEP, 2=WPA, 3=WPA2/802.11i (0) ? 3
Change key (N) ? Y
Display key (N) ?
Key type 0=hex, 1=passphrase (1) ?
Enter key: ***********************
Encryption: 0=CCMP, 1=CCMP+TKIP, 2=CCMP+WEP, 3=TKIP, 4=TKIP+WEP
(3) ?
Change key
Select Y (Yes) to modify the currently configured key.
Display key
Select Y (Yes) to show the currently configured
key/passphrase.
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Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port
Key type
Indicate whether the new key is in hexadecimal or
passphrase format.
Enter key
Enter the passphrase. The maximum length is 63 characters.
Lantronix recommends using a passphrase of 20 characters
or more for maximum security.
Encryption
Set the type to the minimum required security level. The “+”
sign indicates that the group (broadcast) encryption method
is different from the pairwise (unicast) encryption. For
example, for CCMP+TKIP, CCMP is the pairwise encryption
and TKIP is the group encryption. CCMP is the default for
WPA2.
Fixed or Automatic Data Rate
WiPort permits the control of the transmission rate. Select 0 to set a fixed data rate or
select 1 to set an automatic data rate. The default is 1 (auto).
TX Data rate 0=fixed, 1=auto (1) ? _
Transmission Data Rate
If the above TX Data rate is set to fixed, the selected data rate is the WiPort’s fixed
transmission rate. If the above TX Data rate is set to auto, the selected data rate is
the WiPort’s maximum data rate. Lower data rates allow for larger distances. It may
also be required when communicating with older devices. The default is 54 Mbps.
TX Data rate 0=1, 1=2, 2=5.5, 3=11 Mbps (0) ? _
WiPort version WP2001000G-02 offers additional transmission rate options:
TX Data rate 0=1, 1=2, 2=5.5, 3=11
4=18, 5=24, 6=36, 7=54 Mbps (0) ? _
Minimum TX Data Rate
Selects the minimum data rate the device will use when auto-fallback is enabled. The
default is 1 Mbps.
MinTX Data Rate 0=1, 1=2, 2=5.5, 3=11, 4=18, 5=24, 6=36,
7=54 Mbps <0> ?
Note: If Auto Rate Fallback is enabled and a minimum TX data rate other than
1Mbps is configured, the radio will operate in Single Rate Drop mode. This means
that if a rate drop becomes necessary, the radio will drop from the maximum rate to
the lowest rate, ignoring all rates in between. This reduces the potential number of
packet retransmission attempts, because the radio attempts to transmit a packet
three times before transitioning to the next lowest TX rate.
Note: If the Minimum TX Data Rate is set for 54 Mbps for the minimum and
maximum, the auto fallback capability is eliminated.
Max TX Failures
Determines the maximum number of consecutive transmit packet failures before the
device will drop its association with the AP and attempt to establish a new one. The
range of attempts is 6 to 64; 255 equals disabled. The default is 6 failed attempts.
Max failed packets <6 – 64; 255=disable>: <6> ? _
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Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port
Enable Power Management
This allows the software to turn off the radio when expecting not to receive or
transmit soon. This feature reduces the power consumption by up to 170 mA.
Enabling power management increases the response time, because the radio needs
to start up again. The radio is enabled to synchronize and check for incoming
messages (every 100 ms). The default value is N.
Note: This option is not available when the Topology is set to Adhoc.
Enable power management (N) ? _
Enable Soft AP Roaming
If enabled, SmartRoam manages the dynamic list of APs belonging to the same
network as the AP to which the WiPort is currently associated and stores relevant
selection criteria for this list. The WiPort uses these criteria to identify a candidate
AP. If the candidate AP is not the current one, the WiPort dissociates from the current
AP and associates to the candidate.
The roaming technology also triggers candidate selection if the WiPort reaches the
boundaries of good signal coverage for the current AP instead of waiting until signal
quality degrades substantially.
Choose to enable Y (Yes) or disable N (No) No Lantronix's Smart Roam technology.
The default value is N.
Expert Settings
Note: Change these settings via Telnet or serial connections only
Caution: Only an expert should change these parameters. These
changes hold serious consequences.
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Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port
Note: The Config Server Port Number and Automatic Host MAC Detection
option display only in Bridging. For more information, see Configurable
Server Port Number and Automatic Host MAC Detection on page 64.
TCP Keepalive time in seconds
TCP Keepalive time defines how many seconds the unit waits during a silent
connection before checking whether the currently connected network device is still on
the network. If the unit does not receive a response, it drops that connection.
TCP Keepalive time in s (1s – 65s; 0s=disable): (45)? _
ARP Cache timeout in seconds
When the unit communicates with another device on the network, it adds an entry
into its ARP table. ARP Cache timeout defines the number of seconds (1-600) the
unit waits before timing out this table.
ARP Cache timeout in s (1s – 65s; 0s=disable): (600)? _
CPU Performance
Select the WiPort’s performance mode. Higher performance settings require more
energy. Low is 26 Mhz, Regular is 48 Mhz, High is 88 Mhz. The default setting is
Regular.
CPU performance (0=Regular, 1=Low, 2=High): (0) ? _)?
Notes:


If a baud rate of 460 Kbps or 920 Kbps is set, and the high performance mode is
disabled, the operation of the serial channel would be out of the specified error
tolerance, thereby leading to inconsistent speed settings on the two ends of the
serial channel.
Increasing CPU clock speed consumes more power and generates more heat.
This reduces the maximum operating temperature specification. See the
appropriate product brief for details.
Disable Monitor Mode
This option allows you to disable all entries into Monitor Mode during startup, except
for the ‘xxx’ sequence. This prevents entry using yyy, zzz, xx1, and yy1 key
sequences (only during the bootup sequence). The default setting for Monitor Mode
at bootup is N (No). (See 7: Monitor Mode.)
HTTP Port Number
This option allows the configuration of the web server port number. The valid range is
1-65535. The default HTTP server port number is 80.
HTTP Port Number : (80) ? _
SMTP Port Number
This option allows the configuration of the SMTP port number. The valid range is 165535. The default HTTP server port number is 25.
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Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port
SMTP Port Number : (25) ? _
MTU Size
The Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) is the largest physical packet size a network
can transmit for TCP and UDP. Enter between 512 and 1400 bytes. The default is
1400 bytes.
MTU Size: (1400) ? _
Enable Alternate MAC
If necessary, enable the alternate MAC address (if specified in the OEM setup
record).
Enable alternate MAC (N) ? _
Ethernet Connection Type
The WiPort allows for the Ethernet speed to be manually configured. Enter 0 for
automatic negotiation (default). To select the speed and duplex, enter one of the
following: 2 (10Mbit/half duplex), 3 (10Mbit/full duplex), 4 (100Mbit/half duplex), or 5
(100Mbit/full duplex).
Note: Manually configured speed/duplex settings only work correctly if the peer or
switch also uses a static setting. If the peer is set for auto negotiation, it will not
necessarily result in the correct mode. This is a common Ethernet problem and is not
WiPort-specific.
Ethernet connection type: (0) ? _
Configurable Server Port Number
The host attached to the WiPort may communicate with other CoBos devices on the
wireless network using the Lantronix Configuration Access Protocol (LCAP). This
service is available on server port number 0x77FE (30718) and is fixed. When the
WiPort is in bridging mode, the LCAP port number is modifiable so that the LCAP
service is available on the wired interface for WiPort configuration.
For more information on bridging, see 8: Wireless Bridging.
Config Server Port Number: (30718) ? _
Automatic Host MAC Detection
When Automatic Host MAC Detection is disabled (set to “N”) for bridging mode, the
MAC address of the bridged host can be set. When enabled (set to “Y'”), the MAC
address of the bridged host is detected automatically.
Automatic Host MAC Detection <Y> ? _
Wired Host MAC <00:00:00:00:00:00> <00> _ _
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Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port
Security Settings
Security settings can only be changed using the setup menu (telnet or serial).
Caution: It is recommended to set security over a dedicated network or over
the serial setup, to prevent eavesdropping.
Note: To prevent any unauthorized access from the network, disable the
Telnet setup, port 77FE, and the Web setup features.
Disable SNMP
For security purposes, disable SNMP (if required) on the WiPort unit. The current
setting is displayed in parentheses.
Disable SNMP (N) ? _
SNMP Community Name
The SNMP Community Name is a required field for NMS to read or write to a device.
Enter a string of 1 to 13 characters.
SNMP Community Name (public): _
The default entry is public. The current value is displayed in parentheses.
Disable Telnet Setup
Note: Disabling both Telnet Setup and Port 77FE prevents users from
accessing the setup menu from the network.
This setting defaults to the N (No) option. The Y (Yes) option disables access to
Setup Mode by Telnet (port 9999). It only allows access locally via the web pages
and the serial port of the unit.
Disable Telnet Setup (N) ? _
Disable TFTP Firmware Upgrade
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Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port
This setting defaults to the N (No) option. The Y (Yes) option disables TFTP for
network firmware upgrades.
Disable TFTP Firmware Update (N) : _
Disable Port 77FE (Hex)
Note: Disabling both Telnet Setup and Port 77FE and Web Setup prevents
users from accessing the setup from the network.
Port 77FE is used by Web-Manager and custom programs to configure the unit
remotely. If required, disable this capability for security purposes.
Disable Port 77FEh (N) ? _
The default setting is the N (No) option, which enables remote configuration. As a
result, configure the unit by using web pages, Telnet, or serial configuration.
The Y (Yes) option disables remote configuration and web sites.
Note: The Y (Yes) option disables many of the GUI tools for configuring the
unit, including the embedded Web-Manager tool.
Disable Web Server
The Y (Yes) option disables the web server. This setting defaults to the N (No)
option.
Disable Web Server (N) ? _
Disable Web Setup
The Y (Yes) option disables configuration via the Web-Manager. This setting defaults
to the N (option).
Disable Web Setup (N) ? _
Disable ECHO Ports
This setting controls whether port 7 echoes characters it receives.
Disable ECHO ports (Y) ? _
Enable Encryption
Enable Encryption (Y) ? _
Key length in bits (256): _
Change Key (N) ? _
Enter Key: _
Enable Encryption
This option displays only if the WiPort model features AES
encryption. It enables AES encryption for tunneling only.
Key length in bits
Valid options are 128, 192 and 256 bits.
Change Key
Select to modify the current AES encryption key. The default is N
(No).
Enter Key
If you selected Change Key, enter the key (at the Enter Key
prompt) in hexadecimal numbers. Enter 32 characters for 128 bits
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Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port
key length, 48 characters for 192 bits key length, or 64 characters
for 256 bits key length.
Enable Enhanced Password
Setting enhanced password allows an extended security password of 16-characters
for protecting Telnet access. N (No) is the default, which permits a 4-character
password protecting Setup Mode by means of Telnet and web pages.
Enable Enhanced Password (Y) ? _
Disable Port 77F0 (Hex)
Port 77F0 allows a custom application to query or set the eleven WiPort configurable
pins when they are functioning as general purpose I/O (GPIO). Disable this
capability, if desired, for security purposes.
Disable Port 77F0h ? _
The default setting, the N (No) option, enables GPIO control. The Y (Yes) option
disables the GPIO control interface.
Default Settings
Select 7 Defaults from the Change Setup menu to reset the unit’s Channel 1
configuration, Channel 2 configuration, E-mail settings, and Expert settings to the
factory default settings. The server configuration settings for IP address, gateway IP
address, netmask, wireless enable, infrastructure or ad hoc setting, and wireless
security settings remain unchanged. The configurable pins’ settings also remain
unchanged. The specific settings this option changes are listed below.
Note: To reset network settings to factory defaults, use one of the “Reset to
Defaults” Configurable Pin Settings. For more information on Configurable
Pins, see Configurable Pins on page 70.
Channel 1 Configuration
Baudrate
9600
I/F Mode
4C (1 stop bit, no parity, 8 bit, RS-232C, no flow
control)
Port No
10001
Connect Mode
C0 (always accept incoming connection; no active
connection startup)
Hostlist Retry Counter
3
Hostlist Retry Timeout
250 (msec)
Send Character
0x0D (CR)
All other parameters
0
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Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port
Channel 2 Configuration
Baudrate
9600
I/F Mode
4C (1 stop bit, no parity, 8 bit, RS-232C, no flow
control)
Port No
10002
Connect Mode
C0 (always accept incoming connection; no active
connection startup)
Hostlist Retry Counter
3
Hostlist Retry Timeout
250 (msec)
Send Character
0x0D (CR)
All other parameters
0
WLAN Settings
Topology
1 (AdHoc)
Network Name
LTRX_IBSS
Channel
11
Security
0 (none)
1
TX Data Rate
54 Mbps
TX Data Rate Auto Fallback
1
1
Minimum TX Data Rate
Max TX Failures
1 Mbps
1
Enable Power Management
Enable Soft AP Roaming
1 (auto fallback)
6 (failed attempts)
1
N (No)
N (No)
Expert Settings
TCP Keepalive
45 (seconds)
ARP Cache Timeout
600 (seconds)
CPU Performance
Regular
Disable Monitor Mode
N (No)
HTTP Port Number
80
SMTP Port Number
25
1
This is included in the 7 Defaults menu reset. To reset the other WLAN settings, use one of the
“Reset to Defaults” Configurable Pin Settings. For more information on Configurable Pins, see
Configurable Pins on page 80.
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Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port
MTU Size
1400
Enable Alternate MAC
N (No) ( for OEM use only)
Ethernet Connection Type
0 (auto negotiate)
Automatic Host MAC Detection
Y (Yes)
Security Settings
Disable SNMP
N (No)
SNMP Community Name
public
Disable Telnet Setup
N (No)
Disable TFTP Firmware Update
N (No)
Disable Port 77FEh
N (No)
Disable Web Server
N (No)
Disable Web Setup
N (No)
Disable ECHO ports
Y (Yes)
Enable Encryption
N (No)
Enable Enhanced password
N (No)
Disable Port 77F0h
N (No)
Email Settings
Trigger Priority
L
Min. notification interval
1 second
All other parameters
0 (e.g. Email notification and triggers are disabled)
Exit Configuration Mode
To exit setup mode:


WiPort™ User Guide
Select option 9 Save and exit from the Change Setup menu to save all
changes and reboot the device. All values are stored in nonvolatile memory
or
Select option 8 Exit without save from the Change Setup menu to exit the
configuration mode without saving any changes or rebooting.
69
6: Configurable Pins
The WiPort has eleven pins configurable for General Purpose I/O (GPIO).
Use these GPIO pins to control devices such as relays, servers, lights, monitor
switches, sensors, and even processes such as data transfer.
Default Settings



Function: general purpose input/output
Direction: input
Active Level: low
Set the functions for the eleven pins independently and in any combination. The
initial directions (input/output) and active levels (low or high active) at bootup can also
be configured through 77FE.
This chapter describes how the directions, active levels, and states can be
dynamically controlled and probed through special port 77F0.
Features

TCP and UDP can be used.
The protocol supports up to 32 GPIO for future products.
 Function configuration can be retrieved.
 Input or output selection can be retrieved and controlled.
 Active low or high selection can be retrieved and controlled.
 Active or inactive selection can be retrieved and controlled.
 77F0 can be disabled.
Every change of state (active/inactive) requires a command over TCP or UDP, and
thus is not very fast. If you use this port for data transfer, the throughput is low,
usually up to 1 Kbps.

Control Protocol
The GPIO control protocol is a simple, proprietary protocol, which is described below.
Guidelines
The GPIO control protocol is described from the PC side. Send means from PC to
WiPort. Response comes from WiPort to PC.
The protocol allows for control of up to 11 GPIOs.
The parameters are four bytes long and represent GPIOs 0-31, with GPIO0 in bit 0 of
the first byte (Little Endian). Parameter bits for configurable pins not configured as
GPIOs are undefined for Get commands and ignored on Set commands.
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Configurable Pins
Every command consists of nine bytes: one command type of one byte and two
parameters of four bytes each.
Byte
Command
0
Pin Number
Parameter 1
2
3
1
0
7
8
15
16
4
23
24
Parameter 2
6
7
5
31
0
7
8
15
16
8
23
24
31
On some commands, one or all parameters are ignored.
For UDP, command type and parameters need to be in the same datagram.
Responses to valid commands are always five bytes long, consisting of the returned
command byte and as parameters in the current or updated values. In case of an
invalid command, only one byte with value 0FFh is returned.
Command
0
Byte
Pin Number
1
0
7
Parameter 1
2
3
8
15
16
23
4
24
31
When sending a command (TCP and UDP), wait for the response before sending the
next command.
Commands
Byte 0 Command Types
10h
Get functions
11h
Get directions (input or output)
12h
Get active levels (high active or low active)
13h
Get current states (active or not active)
19h
Set directions
1Ah
Set active levels
1Bh
Set current states
There is no Set functions command. Since the pin’s function depends on the
hardware in which the WiPort is embedded, that configuration is only allowed via
77FE. Settings changed by any of the Set commands are not stored and are lost
when the unit is powered down or rebooted.
Command 10h, Get Functions
Send:
No parameters
Response:
1 parameter
Bytes 1-4: Functions
Bit X
1 means general purpose IO available to the user.
0 means dedicated function (e.g., serial flow control, diagnostics) for
configurable pin X.
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Command 11h, Get Directions
Send:
No parameters
Response:
1 parameter
Bytes 1-4: Directions
Bit X
1 means GPIO X is an output.
0 means it is an input.
Command 12h, Get Active Levels
Send:
No parameters
Response:
1 parameter
Bytes 1-4: Active levels
Bit X
1 means GPIO X is active low (0V when active, 3.3V when inactive).
0 means it is active high (3.3V when active, 0V when inactive).
Command 13h, Get Current States
Send:
No parameters
Response:
1 parameter
Bytes 1-4: States
Bit X
1 means GPIO X is active
0 means it is inactive.
Command 19h, Set Directions
Send:
2 parameters
Bytes 1-4: Mask
Bit X
1 means the direction for GPIO X will be updated with the value in the
second parameter.
0 means the direction for that GPIO will not change.
Bytes 5-8: New Directions
Bit X
1 means GPIO X will become an output.
0 means it will become an input.
Response:
1 parameter
Bytes 1-4: The updated directions
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Configurable Pins
Command 1Ah, Set Active Levels
Send:
2 parameters
Bytes 1-4: Mask
Bit X
1 means the direction for GPIO X will be updated with the value in the
second parameter.
0 means the active type for that GPIO will not change.
Bytes 5-8: New Active Levels
Bit X
1 means GPIO X will become active low.
0 means it will become active high.
Response:
1 parameter
Bytes 1-4: Updated active levels
Command 1Bh, Set States
Send:
2 parameters
Bytes 1-4: Mask
Bit X
1 means the state for GPIO X will be updated with the value in the
second parameter.
0 means the state for that GPIO will not change.
Bytes 5-8: New States
Bit X
1 means GPIO X will become active.
0 means it will become inactive.
Response:
1 parameter
Bytes 1-4: Updated states
Examples
Example 1: PC sends command 10h to find out which configurable pins are
available as GPIO.
PC -> WiPort: 10h, 00h, 00h, 00h, 00h, 00h, 00h, 00h, 00h
WiPort -> PC: 10h, 03h, 02h, 00h, 00h
Command details:
10h = command 10h
00h, 00h, 00h, 00h = ignored
00h, 00h, 00h, 00h = ignored
Response details:
10h = response to command 10h
03h, 02h, 00h, 00h =
bits 0, 1, and 9 are 0 →CP0, CP1, and CP9 are configured as GPIOs (i.e.
GPIO0, GPIO1, GPIO9).
bits 2 to 8 and 10 are 0 → configured for a special function and are
unavailable for control or monitoring by the user.
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73
Configurable Pins
Example 2: PC sends command 1Bh to change the current states of GPIO 0
and 1 (assuming they are configured as outputs).
PC -> WiPort: 1Bh, 01h, 02h, 00h, 00h, 01h, 00h, 00h, 00h
WiPort -> PC: 1Bh, 03h, 00h, 00h, 00h
Command details:
1Bh = command 1Bh
01h, 00h, 00h, 00h = the mask that determines which GPIOs will be changed.
Bit 0 and 9 are 1 → GPIO0 and GPIO9 will be changed.
bit 1 is 0 → GPIO1 will remain the same.
01h, 00h, 00h, 00h = the new states
bit 0 is 1 → GPIO0 will become 1.
bit 1 is ignored since it is masked out.
bit 0 is 0 → GPIO9 will become 0.
Response details:
1Bh = response to command 1Bh
03h, 00h, 00h, 00h =
bit 0 is 1 → GPIO0 = 1
bit 1 is 1 → GPIO1 = 1
bit 9 is 0 → GPIO9 = 0
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74
7: Monitor Mode
Monitor Mode is a command-line interface used for diagnostic purposes.
There are two ways to enter Monitor Mode: locally via the serial port or remotely via
the network.
Entering Monitor Mode via the Serial Port
To enter Monitor Mode locally:
1. Follow the same steps used for setting the serial configuration parameters (see
Serial Port Access on page 39).
2. Instead of typing three x keys, however:
a) Type zzz to enter Monitor Mode with network connections.
b) Type yyy to enter Monitor Mode without network connections.
A 0> prompt indicates that you have successfully entered Monitor Mode.
Entering Monitor Mode via the Network Port
To enter Monitor Mode using a Telnet connection:
1. Establish a Telnet session to the configuration port (9999). The following
message appears:
MAC address 00204A0113A3
Software version 6.7.0.0 (100118)
Press Enter to go into Setup Mode
2. Type M (upper case).
A 0> prompt indicates that you have successfully entered Monitor Mode.
Monitor Mode Commands
The following commands are available in Monitor Mode.
Note: All commands are case sensitive .
Table 7-1. Monitor Mode Commands
Command
Command Name
Function
VS
Version
Queries software header record (16 bytes) of unit.
GC
Get Configuration
Gets configuration of unit as hex records (120
bytes).
SC
Send Configuration
Sets configuration of unit from hex records.
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75
Monitor Mode
Command
Command Name
Function
PI x.x.x.x
Ping
Pings unit with IP address x.x.x.x to check device
status.
AT
ARP Table
Shows the unit’s ARP table entries.
TT
TCP Connection
Table
Shows all incoming and outgoing TCP connections.
NC
Network Connection
Shows the unit’s current IP address, gateway,
subnet mask, and DNS server.
RS
Reset
Resets the unit.
QU
Quit
Exits diagnostics mode.
G0, G1, ....,Ge, Gf
Get configuration
from memory page
Gets a memory page of configuration information
from the device.
S0, S1,...,Se, Sf
Set configuration to
memory page
Sets a memory page of configuration information
on the device.
GM
Get MAC address
Shows the unit's 6-byte MAC.
SS
Set Security record
Sets the Security record without the encryption key
and length parameters. The entire record must still
be written, but the encryption-specific bytes do not
need to be provided (they can be null since they
are not overwritten).
SA
Scan
Initiates a wireless scan if the wireless interface is
enabled. Reports any stations found, including
BSSID, SSID, and RSSI. If SA is followed by a
string, the string is used to filter SSIDs before
reporting. If the BSS does not broadcast its SSID,
only the BSSID and RSSI are returned.
NS
Network Status
Reports the network interfaces’ statuses. Includes
potentially negotiated parameters like speed/duplex
for Ethernet or BSSID, encryption, authentication
for wireless interfaces.
co
Set IP address, host
bits, gateway , and
DNS server IP
Example:
co 192.168.0.10 8 192.168.0.1 10001 192.168.1.10
with
192.168.0.10 = IP address of the MatchPort
8 = number of host bits
192.168.0.1 = gateway IP address
10001 = port number of the MatchPort
192.168.1.10 = IP address of the DNS Server
The MatchPort stores the setup and performs a
reset. It sends an X before the reset if the
command was OK.
WS
Wireless Status
Displays wireless module status that includes
packets received, transmitted, and dropped.
Responses to some of the commands are given in Intel Hex format.
WiPort™ User Guide
76
Monitor Mode
Note: Entering any of the commands listed above generates one of the
following command response codes:
Table 7-2. Command Response Codes
WiPort™ User Guide
Response
Meaning
0>
OK; no error
1>
No answer from remote device
2>
Cannot reach remote device or no answer
8>
Wrong parameter(s)
9>
Invalid command
77
8: Wireless Bridging
The WiPort supports wireless bridging. This allows a host, connected on the WiPort’s
wired Ethernet interface, to be accessible over the wireless network (via the WiPort).
Note: The WiPort with firmware version 6.2 and later supports bridging.
To initialize the bridging feature:
1. Configure the WiPort’s wireless settings.
2. Enable bridging in Serial Mode. See Server Configuration on page 40.
3. Set up the wired host connected to the WiPort’s Ethernet port.
Configuring the WiPort in Bridging Mode
Once in bridging mode, the services on the WiPort are available only through the
wired interface. There are 3 methods for configuring the WiPort when in bridging
mode.
Method 1
This method uses the current Ethernet wired host to configure the WiPort. This
requires the modification of the wired host’s IP address as well as the following steps:
1. Use a utility to locate the WiPort’s MAC address and auto-IP address. This utility
must use the Lantronix access protocol to query the WiPort.
2. Assign a static auto-IP address to the wired host within the same subnet as the
WiPort.
3. Use the WiPort’s Web-Manager or Telnet to port 9999 to configure the WiPort as
necessary.
4. Configure the wired host’s IP address back to the original IP address
configuration.
Method 2
This method requires the current wired host to be disconnected temporarily. Another
device physically connects to the WiPort’s wired interface for configuration.
1. Disconnect the current wired host from the WiPort and connect the device used
for configuring the WiPort.
2. Reset the WiPort.
3. Use a utility to locate the WiPort’s MAC address and auto-IP address. This utility
must use the Lantronix access protocol to query the WiPort.
4. Assign a static auto-IP address to the wired host within the same subnet as the
WiPort.
5. Use the WiPort’s Web-Manager or Telnet to port 9999 to configure the WiPort as
necessary.
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78
Wireless Bridging
6. Disconnect the wired device and reconnect the original wired host to the WiPort.
7. Reset the WiPort.
Method 3
As an alternative to configuring through the wired interface, connect a device through
the WiPort’s serial port. For more information on configuration through the serial port,
see 5: Configuration via Serial Mode or Telnet Port on page 38.
WiPort™ User Guide
79
9: Updating Firmware
This chapter explains how to obtain and update the unit’s firmware.
Obtaining Firmware
Obtain the most up-to-date firmware and release notes for the unit from the Lantronix
web site (www.lantronix.com) or by using anonymous FTP (ftp.lantronix.com).
Reloading Firmware
There are several ways to update the unit's internal operational code (*.ROM): via
DeviceInstaller (the preferred way), via TFTP, or via the serial port. You can also
update the unit's internal Web interface (*.COB) via TFTP or DeviceInstaller.
Here are typical names for those files. Check the Lantronix web site for the latest
versions and release notes.
Table 9-1. Firmware Files
ROM File
COB
WPTxxx.ROM
WPT_WNxxx.COB (Web-Manager)
Please refer to the DeviceInstaller User Guide for information about reloading
firmware using DeviceInstaller. The other methods are discussed below.
Note: For upgrading from pre-6.0.0.0 versions, see separate upgrade sheet.
Using TFTP: Graphical User Interface
To download new firmware from a computer:
1. Use a TFTP client to put a binary file to the unit (*.ROM to upgrade the unit's
internal operational code and *.COB to upgrade its internal Web interface).
Note: TFTP requires the .ROM (binary) version of the unit's internal
operational code.
2. In the TFTP server field, enter the IP address of the unit being upgraded.
3. Select Upload operation and Binary format.
4. Enter the full path of the firmware file in the Local file name field.
5. In the Remote file name field, enter the current internal operational code or
WEB1 to WEB19 for the internal Web interface with 2 MB flash, or WEB1 to
WEB51 for 4 MB flash.
6. Click the Upload Now button to transfer the file to the unit. The unit performs a
power reset after the firmware has been loaded and stored.
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80
Updating Firmware
Using TFTP: Command Line Interface
To download new firmware from a computer, enter the following from a TFTP
command line interface:
tftp –i <ip address> put <local filename> <destination
file name>
The following examples demonstrate the TFTP command sequence to download the
.rom file, the .fwx file, and the .cob file:
tftp –i 192.168.1.111 put wpt6101.rom W4
tftp –i 192.168.1.111 put wpt_webm_1300.cob WEB1
Recovering the Firmware Using the Serial Port
If for some reason the firmware is damaged, you can recover the firmware file by
using the serial port to download the *.ROM file.
Note: See also Recovering Firmware in the DeviceInstaller User Guide.
1. Start DeviceInstaller.
2. From the Tools menu, select Advanced/Recover Firmware. The Recover
Firmware window displays.
3. Enter the com port on your PC and the location of the firmware file. The Device
Model should indicate WiPort.
4. Click OK to download the file.
WiPort™ User Guide
81
10: Troubleshooting
This chapter discusses how you can diagnose and fix errors quickly without having to
contact a dealer or Lantronix. The WiPort’s diagnostic LEDs indicate the unit’s status.
It helps to connect a terminal to the serial port while diagnosing an error to view
summary messages that may be displayed. When troubleshooting, always ensure
that the physical connections (power cable, network cable, and serial cable) are
secure.
Note: Some unexplained errors might be caused by duplicate IP addresses on the
network. Make sure that your unit's IP address is unique.
When troubleshooting the following problems, make sure that the WiPort is powered
up. Confirm that you are using a good network connection.
Diagnostic LED States
Condition
Diagnostic LED
Channel 1 Status LED
No Errors
OFF
N/A
Firmware storage checksum
error
ON
Blink 1x/4 seconds
RAM error
ON
Blink 2x/4 seconds
Network controller error
ON
Blink 3x/4 seconds
Serial number storage
checksum error
ON
Blink 4x/4 seconds
Duplicate IP address present
ON
Blink 5x/4 seconds
Firmware and hardware
mismatch
ON
Blink 6x/4 seconds
Radio command failure
ON
Blink 7x/4 seconds
Faulty network connection
Blink 2x/second
Blink 4x/4 seconds
No DHCP response
Blink 2x/second
Blink 5x/4 seconds
Setup menu active
Blink 2x/second
Follow Diagnostic LED for 2
seconds, off for 2 seconds
WiPort™ User Guide
82
Troubleshooting
Problems and Error Messages
Problem/Message
Reason
Solution
When you issue the ARP –S
command in Windows, The
ARP entry addition failed: 5
message displays.
Your currently logged-in user
does not have the right to use
this command on this PC.
Have someone from your IT
department log you in with
sufficient rights.
When you attempt to assign an
IP address to the unit by the
ARP method and Telnet to the
device server through port 1,
the connection fails.
When you Telnet to port 1 on the
device server, you are only
assigning a temporary IP
address. When you Telnet into
port 9999 and do not press Enter
quickly, the device server
reboots, causing it to lose the IP
address.
Telnet back to Port 1. Wait for it to
fail, then Telnet to port 9999
again. Make sure you press Enter
within 5 seconds.
When you Telnet to port 9999,
the Press Enter to go into
Setup Mode message displays.
However, nothing happens
when you press Enter, or your
connection is closed.
You did not press Enter quickly
enough. You only have 5
seconds to press Enter before
the connection is closed.
Telnet to port 9999 again, but
press Enter as soon as you see
the Press Enter to go into Setup
Mode message.
When you Telnet to port 1 to
assign an IP address to the
device server, the Telnet
window does not respond for a
long time.
You may have entered the
Ethernet address incorrectly with
the ARP command.
Confirm that the Ethernet address
that you entered with the ARP
command is correct. The Ethernet
address may only include
numbers 0-9 and letters A-F. In
Windows and usually in Unix, the
segments of the Ethernet address
are separated by dashes. In some
forms of Unix, the Ethernet
address is segmented with
colons.
The IP address you are trying to
assign is not on your logical
subnet.
Confirm that your PC has an IP
address and that it is in the same
logical subnet that you are trying
to assign to the device server.
The device server may not be
plugged into the network
properly.
Make sure that the Link LED is lit.
If the Link LED is not lit, then the
device server is not properly
plugged into the network.
The cause is most likely one of
When you try to assign an IP
with DeviceInstaller, you get the the following:
following message:
No response from device!
Verify the IP, Hardware
Address and Network Class.
Please try again.
WiPort™ User Guide
The Hardware address you
specified is incorrect.
Double-check the parameters that
you specified.
Note: You cannot assign an IP
address to a device server
through a router.
The IP address you are trying to
assign is not a valid IP for your
83
Troubleshooting
Problem/Message
Reason
Solution
logical subnet.
You did not choose the correct
subnet mask.
The device server is not
communicating with the serial
device to which it is attached.
The most likely reason is the
wrong serial settings were
chosen.
The serial settings for the serial
device and the device server must
match. The default serial settings
for the device server are RS-232,
9600 baud, 8 character bits, no
parity, 1 stop bit, no flow control.
When you try to enter the setup
mode on the device server via
the serial port, you get no
response.
The issue is most likely
something covered in the
previous problem, or possibly,
you have Caps Lock on.
Double-check everything in the
problem above. Confirm that
Caps Lock is not on.
You can ping the device server, There may be an IP address
conflict on your network
but not Telnet to the device
server on port 9999.
You are not Telneting to port
9999.
The Telnet configuration port
(9999) is disabled within the
device server security settings.
The device server appears to
be set up correctly, but you are
not communicating with your
device attached to the device
server across the network.
If you are sure that the serial port
setting is correct, then you may
not be connecting to the correct
socket of the device server.
Another possibility is that the
device server is not set up
correctly to make a good socket
connection to the network.
Turn the device server off and
then issue the following
commands at the DOS prompt of
your computer:
ARP -D X.X.X.X (X.X.X.X is the IP
of the device server).
PING X.X.X.X (X.X.X.X is the IP
of the device server).
If you get a response, then there
is a duplicate IP address on the
network. If you do not get a
response, use the serial port to
verify that Telnet is not disabled.
You can check to see whether
there is a socket connection to or
from the device server by
checking the state of CP1, if it has
been configured for LED1
functionality.
If the state of CP1 is blinking
consistently, or is completely off,
then there is a good socket
connection.
If the state of CP1 is low, use the
Connect Mode option C0 for
making a connection to the device
server from the network. Use
Connect Mode option C1 or C5
for a connection to the network
from the device server. See the
full list of Connect Mode options
in Connect Mode on page 45.
WiPort™ User Guide
84
Troubleshooting
Problem/Message
Reason
Solution
When connecting to the WebManager within the device
server, the No Connection With
The Device Server message
displays.
Your computer is not able to
connect to port 30718 (77FEh)
on the device server.
Make sure that port 30718
(77FEh) is not blocked with any
router that you are using on the
network. Also, make sure that port
77FEh is not disabled within the
Security settings of the device
server.
Technical Support
If you are experiencing an error that is not described in this chapter, or if you are
unable to fix the error, contact Lantronix Tech Support as follows:
To check our online knowledge base or send a question to Technical Support, go to
http://www.lantronix.com/support.
Technical Support Europe, Middle East, and Africa
Phone: +33 (0)1 39 30 41 72
Germany: +49 (0) 180 500 13 53
Email: eu_techsupp@lantronix.com or eu_support@lantronix.com
Firmware downloads, FAQs, and the most up-to-date documentation are available at
www.lantronix.com/support.
When you report a problem, please provide the following information:






WiPort™ User Guide
Your name, and your company name, address, and phone number 
Lantronix model number
Lantronix MAC number
Software version (on the first screen shown when you Telnet to port 9999)
Description of the problem
Status of the unit when the problem occurred (please try to include
information on user and network activity at the time of the problem).
85
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