What is The Internet?

What is The Internet?
Essential Skills for
Internet Use
TR Leger Adult Literacy and
Employment Preparation
Program
Table of Contents
Introduction ......................................................................................................................... 4
Computer Course Pre-Evaluation ....................................................................................... 5
Glossary of Internet Terms ................................................................................................. 6
What is the Internet? ........................................................................................................... 7
Why Use the Internet? ........................................................................................................ 8
Internet Providers ................................................................................................................ 9
Browsers ............................................................................................................................. 9
The Mouse ........................................................................................................................ 10
Using the Mouse ............................................................................................................... 11
Double Clicking the Mouse .............................................................................................. 12
Icons .................................................................................................................................. 12
The Cursor and the Internet .............................................................................................. 13
The Hand Cursor (Link).................................................................................................... 13
Drop Down Menu ............................................................................................................. 14
The Address Bar ............................................................................................................... 16
Scrolling ............................................................................................................................ 17
Practice Activity #1 – Using the Mouse Online ........................................................... 18
Follow Up Activity – Icons and the Desktop................................................................ 19
Going Back ....................................................................................................................... 20
Going Forward .................................................................................................................. 20
Practice Exercise # 2– Backwards and Forwards ......................................................... 20
Using a Search Engine ...................................................................................................... 21
Practice Exercise #3 – Search Engines ......................................................................... 23
Finding Good Information Online .................................................................................... 25
Follow Up Exercise – Finding Good Information Online ............................................ 26
Follow Up Exercise – Evaluating a Website ................................................................ 27
Finding the Weather .......................................................................................................... 28
Practice Exercise #4 - Weather Exercise ...................................................................... 28
How to Use the Dictionary ............................................................................................... 29
Practice Exercise #5 – Using the Online Thesaurus ..................................................... 30
Searching for News Online ............................................................................................... 31
Finding News on Google .................................................................................................. 33
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 2
Practice Exercise #6 – Searching for news ................................................................... 33
Creating an Email Account ............................................................................................... 34
Sending an Email .............................................................................................................. 38
Signing in and out of email ............................................................................................... 39
Follow Up Exercise – Email ......................................................................................... 39
Google Maps and Directions ............................................................................................ 40
Looking For Your Street on Google Maps ....................................................................... 42
Postal Codes ...................................................................................................................... 43
Internet Banking................................................................................................................ 44
Finding Telephone Information Online ............................................................................ 45
Searching for Internet Images ........................................................................................... 47
Practice Exercise #7 – Searching Images ..................................................................... 49
Tools in Internet Explorer ................................................................................................. 50
Favorites ............................................................................................................................ 51
Renaming Bookmarks and Favorites ................................................................................ 53
Organizing Favorites ......................................................................................................... 54
Follow Up Exercise - Favorites .................................................................................... 55
Printing from the Internet.................................................................................................. 56
Printer Options .................................................................................................................. 57
Print Preview..................................................................................................................... 58
Printing a Selection from the Internet ............................................................................... 59
Printing Selected Information from the Internet ............................................................... 60
Searching for Employment Online ................................................................................... 62
Practice Exercise #8 - HRDC Website ......................................................................... 66
Deleting Browsing History ............................................................................................... 67
Social Websites ................................................................................................................. 68
Computer Viruses ............................................................................................................. 70
Follow Up Exercise - Internet Safety............................................................................ 70
Follow Up Exercise: Internet Shopping ........................................................................ 71
Final Demonstration.......................................................................................................... 72
Checklist ........................................................................................................................... 73
Computer Course Evaluation ............................................................................................ 74
Developed by
TR Leger Adult Literacy and Employment Preparation Program
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 3
Introduction
Essential Skills for Internet Use
This manual is designed to assist learners in the Adult
Literacy and Employment Preparation Program with the
basic skills needed to navigate the Internet.
This manual is designed to be an independent, self-guided
handbook and can also be used as a course in a group
setting.
Learners follow the book in the order it is written and
complete each online activity before continuing to the next
lesson.
Although using the mouse is discussed in this manual,
instructors may want to ensure that learners have a good
working knowledge of clicking and double clicking the
mouse while working through this course. If a learner needs
extra practice please use the interactive mouse tutor located
at:
http://www.bbc.co.uk/computertutor/computertutorone/in
dex.shtml or http://www.skillfulsenior.com/skills/mouse/
Learners may need headphones for some of the exercises in
this manual.
Learners should complete the checklist and survey at the
end of this guide.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 4
Computer Course Pre-Evaluation
Congratulations on starting up the Essential Skills for Internet Use
guide. Please take a minute to fill out this survey. Circle your
answers.
1. I am comfortable using a mouse and keyboard.
Yes
Somewhat
No
3. I have an email account.
Yes
No
4. I use a computer often.
Yes
Somewhat
No
5. I find computer work difficult.
Yes
Somewhat
No
6. I have taken a computer course before.
Yes
Somewhat
No
7. I am interested in learning about the Internet.
Yes
Somewhat
No
8. I have searched for information online before.
Yes
Somewhat
No
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 5
Glossary of Internet Terms
Address Bar – an address bar is the top, long, white box into
which you type the website address you want to visit.
Online – a computer is connected to the Internet either by
telephone or cable.
Offline – you are using your computer, but it is not
connected to the Internet.
Scroll – the grey bar on the right side of the screen that
helps you move up and down on a web page.
Social Networking – Using the Internet to discuss interests,
meet new friends, share photographs, send messages
and/or chat with people.
URL – an address that you need to type to access a website.
This usually begins with “www”. URL stands for Uniform
Resource Locator.
Web Site – a location on the Internet where a person or
organization has put their information for people to use.
Web Page – one page of a website.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 6
What is the Internet?
The Internet is a network for computers. It connects computers all
over the world.
People make their own websites. These websites have domains,
which is an address. You type in the address to get to the right
domain.
Most addresses start with www. This stands for the World Wide
Web.
There are many, many websites. Some are owned and updated
by government agencies, companies, schools and medical groups.
Some people make money from their websites and others just
post websites or web pages for fun or information.
Web page
Domain/
Web address
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 7
Why Use the Internet?
The Internet has become a very important part of our world.
Many employees now have workplace email and most employers
want to hire workers who know how to use the Internet.
More and more people are choosing to share messages and
pictures through email and social networks (such as Facebook and
Twitter).
Using the Internet can also save time, money and effort. For
example:
Using email and social websites is a less expensive way of
staying in touch with family and friends, especially if they
live far away.
Banking online saves time because you do not have to write
cheques or stand in line at your local bank.
The Internet is a quick way to find information, such as local
weather, phone numbers and postal codes.
The Internet is helpful when looking and applying for jobs.
Most employers post job ads online.
Stores, government agencies and organizations now have
websites. These sites have lists of Frequently Asked
Questions (FAQs). You may access these sites to get the
answers to your questions without having to phone for
information. This cuts down the time you spend waiting on
hold.
*If you do not have the Internet at home, many libraries have
free Internet service.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 8
Internet Providers
You need an Internet Service Provider (ISP) to connect to the
Internet. You will not be able to connect to the Internet without
it. Local companies like Bell Sympatico, Cogeco, and Rogers
Internet supply this service.
This is how to connect to the Internet.
An ISP connects you to
the Internet.
Browsers
Once connected to the Internet, you need to use a “browser” to
search the Internet. This is called going online.
On the desktop (the screen you see when you start the computer)
you see an
icon.
This is Internet Explorer, the browser used to get “online” and use
the Internet. At home you may choose a different browser.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 9
Browsers Continued
Internet Explorer
is the most common “browser”.
There are other browsers that people use on their computers.
Three other browsers are: Mozilla Firefox, Netscape and Google
Chrome.
Firefox
Netscape
Chrome
The Mouse
The mouse is very important to Internet use.
Use the mouse to open the browser to get online.
Use the mouse to tell the computer what you want it to do.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 10
Using the Mouse
Holding the mouse
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Place three fingers on the mouse.
The thumb and little finger are on each side.
Rest your index finger on the left button.
Rest your ring finger on the right button.
Place your centre finger over the “scroll ball”. between the 2
You do not have to grip the mouse tightly.
Moving the mouse
The mouse will move with your hand.
1. Move your hand forward to move up the screen.
2. Move your hand back to move down.
3. Move your hand left to go left and right to go right.
One click
Clicking the mouse
Click the mouse with your finger.
1. Click the left button on your mouse.
2. Click it one time.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 11
Double Clicking the Mouse
To double click
Two clicks
1. Put your hand on the mouse.
2. Put your finger over the left mouse button.
Quickly move your finger up and down on the left button.
Icons
The pictures on your desktop are called icons.
Double click on the icons to open programs on the computer.
To open, double click on the Internet Explorer icon.
This will open Internet Explorer
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 12
The Cursor and the Internet
To find the mouse on the screen look for the cursor.
The cursor looks like this:
If you put your hand on the mouse and move the mouse to the
right, your cursor will also move right on the screen.
If you put your hand on the mouse and move your mouse to the
left, your cursor will move left on the screen.
To move your cursor up, hold the mouse and move your hand
forward.
To move your cursor down, hold the mouse and move your hand
backwards.
The Hand Cursor (Link)
When using the Internet the arrow cursor may change to a hand
cursor.
The hand cursor looks like this:
a hand with a pointing finger.
This cursor allows you to connect to another webpage.
This cursor is used when:
 You want to “link” to another webpage on the website.
 You select text or images.
 You select the type of information you need to search with
your web browser, such as websites, pictures or news
articles.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 13
 You click the number or the word next to take you to the
next page.
Internet text that you are able to click on is often blue, sometimes
it is underlined.
When the arrow cursor
is moved over the text, the cursor may
change to the pointing cursor
to show that you can click on
this part of the webpage.
Drop Down Menu
A drop down menu is a screen with options that appears below a
heading when you click on it.
Many sites have drop down menus where you are asked to
choose one option from a list.
A drop down menu looks like this:
To select something from a drop down menu, click on the
downward arrow beside the address box.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 14
Then move the cursor over the selection you want to choose.
*You may have to scroll down to see all of the options.
Click on the one you want.
It will be highlighted in blue when you click it on.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 15
The Address Bar
The address bar is for searching addresses online.
To use the address bar, click in the long, white box.
This will highlight the text like this:
Press the
key to delete the address that is there.
Type
address
here
Type the address of the webpage you want to visit and press
the
key.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 16
Scrolling
When you are on the Internet you may not get to see the full
webpage.
Use your scroll bars and arrows to move up and down the page.
up
down
Scroll bar is here
It is at the right hand side of your screen.
Click on the up arrow to move up the page.
Click on the down arrow to move down the page.
Hold down the left mouse button to scroll up or down the
screen more quickly.
You can also use the wheel on your mouse to scroll.
Roll your finger over it to see how it works.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 17
Practice Activity #1 – Using the Mouse Online
1. Double click on the
to open Internet Explorer.
2. Type this address in your address bar:
http://www.skyways.org/central/mouse/page1.html
3. Press Enter.
4. You will see this screen:
5. Here you will practice your mouse skills.
6. Read the instructions carefully or the exercise will send you
back to the first page.
7. Tell your instructor when you are done.
8. Close Internet Explorer by clicking the X in the right hand
corner.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 18
Follow Up Activity – Icons and the Desktop
1. Open Internet Explorer.
2. Click on your address bar.
3. Delete highlighted address.
4. Type this address:
http://www.bbc.co.uk/webwise/courses/computerbasics/lessons/icons-and-windows
5. Click play.
6. Listen to the lesson.
7. You may want to use headphones to listen carefully.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 19
Going Back
While Internet Explorer is open it will remember each page you
have been to in order.
If you want to go back to the webpage you were on before, you
can do this at anytime.
Click the
backwards arrow at the top left hand corner of
the screen to go back.
Each click will take you back one page.
Going Forward
If you would like to return to a page you were on after these
pages.
Click the
screen.
forward arrow at the top left hand corner of your
Practice Exercise # 2– Backwards and Forwards
Type in these three addresses, one at a time.
www.msn.com
www.google.ca
www.yahoo.com
Practice going back and forth between these three websites.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 20
Using a Search Engine
A search engine helps you find information online.
You search by using one or more keywords.
Once you have typed in your keyword(s) the search engine will
find all websites that relate to your keyword(s).
The more information you give a search engine, the better the
information you get will be.
Here are some examples of popular search engines:
www.google.ca
www.bing.ca
www.yahoo.ca
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 21
Search Engines Continued
To search for information type your keyword in the white box on
the search engine’s page.
You can then click on Search or press your enter key.
The search engine will give you many choices.
Click on the blue underlined words to open a website. This is a
link. You will see the pointing cursor
when you pass your
cursor over this line. These blue underlined words are called
“links”.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 22
Click the back arrow
to go back and look for more.
If you scroll to the bottom of your screen you will see the number
of pages that match your keyword.
Click “Next” or the next page number to look for more.
The page number you are on will be in RED.
Practice Exercise #3 – Search Engines
Type this web page into your address bar.
www.google.ca
1. Type “buying a car” into the search bar. Click “”Search”.
The computer will display a list of different links that you can
explore:
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 23
2. Let’s choose the option, “Used Cars For Sale”. You will notice
that the www address is for the “Autotrader” online.
3. Click on this link.
4. This will bring you to the Auto Trader online version.
5. Then click on the blue “advanced search” arrow.
6. Enter the type, model and make of any car you want in the
boxes.
7. On this screen you can enter the year, price and area that
you wish to choose from.
8. You may then follow the green arrows to search one area or
all of Ontario.
9. This will show you all the cars that match your search words.
10. Click on any ad to see the information.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 24
Finding Good Information Online
The technical name for a web address is a URL. (Uniform Resource
Locator) A URL contains words to help you see where the
information you are reading is coming from.
Some addresses show you what country the site is from.
For example:
www.google.ca is a Canadian website
www.bbc.co.uk is a website from the United Kingdom
http://www.nzherald.co.nz is a website from New Zealand
Websites from the United States will not have a country code.
A web page can also tell you what organization your information
is coming from.
www.usa.gov is a government website
http://www.bbbs.org is a website for the Big Brother and Big
Sisters organization
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 25
Follow Up Exercise – Finding Good Information Online
Type this web address in your search bar:
http://www.bbc.co.uk/webwise/course/browser/addresses/addr
esses.shtml
You will find out more about how web addresses work. Complete
only this section of the tutorial.
Looking for information online is a lot like looking for information
anywhere else.
Some information that you will find will be reliable and based on
facts.
Some information will be misleading and based on a person’s
opinion.
Knowing which sites to trust may be confusing.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 26
Follow Up Exercise – Evaluating a Website
To learn more about finding good information on the Internet,
type this address in your address bar.
http://www.openc.k12.or.us/citeintro/elementary/evaluate/
At the bottom of the page, on the left you will find links to the
next page.
Print off the web detective worksheet and use this to test the
reliability of a site of your choice.
Open a search on Google and choose a website.
Complete the Self Check on the last page as an interactive online
review.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 27
Finding the Weather
You can find what the weather will be like online.
Type this web address (URL) into your top
address bar:
http://www.weatheroffice.gc.ca/canada_e.html
You will see a map of Canada.
Click on your province, and select your area.
The weekly forecast can be displayed with graphics and text.
Practice Exercise #4 - Weather Exercise
1. Look up the temperature today in Halifax.
2. What is the forecast for tomorrow in Montreal?
From the boxes at the
top of the page select
Yukon. Then choose
Whitehorse.
3. What is the temperature today in Whitehorse?
4. Find the weather for your own town or city.
5. Show your instructor what you have found.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 28
How to Use the Dictionary
Go to – www.dictionary.com
1. Try looking up these words to find out what they mean.
Modem
Internet
Computer
At the top of this web page, you will find a link to “Thesaurus”.
A thesaurus helps you find synonyms.
This means that you can type in a word and find another word
that has the same or similar meaning.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 29
Practice Exercise #5 – Using the Online Thesaurus
1. Click on the Thesaurus tab.
2. Type these words into the box at the top of the page. Then
click “search”.
3. Find new words to take the place of:
Giant
Kind
Happy
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 30
Searching for News Online
The internet is full of news from around the world.
3. Type this address into your address bar:
http://www.onlinenewspapers.com/
You will see many icons for different countries
4. Click on the continent of your choice
5. When you select the country, an alphabetical listing of all
the newspapers in that area will be on the screen.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 31
It will appear like this:
4. Select one of the blue country names to see their news.
This will bring you to this country’s online newspapers.
5. You will find many areas of the newspaper, and sometimes
video news clips or television links.
6. Take some time to look at two or three newspapers from
different parts of the world.
7. Choose places where they speak English.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 32
Finding News on Google
If you are looking for news headlines about a particular news
story, type the search words into the Google search box.
Then click News at the top of the page.
This will take you to news headlines related to your search
words.
You can click on the results to read the news story.
Practice Exercise #6 – Searching for news
1. As practice, choose a headline from today’s newspaper and
search for it.
2. Click News.
3. Look at some of the search results.
4. Show your instructor one of the results you have found.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 33
Creating an Email Account
You can set up your own email account through MSN.
MSN email is called Hotmail.
It will not cost you anything to use it.
1. Type this web address in your address bar.
www.hotmail.com
2. Click on “Sign up”.
3. You will see this screen:
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 34
Email Continued
4. Click on the down arrow.
5. Use your mouse to choose hotmail.com
6. You will be asked to choose a Windows Live ID.
This will be your email address. Sometimes you will have to try
more than once to get a name for your email address. Many
people use free email so many names are taken.
When you have typed in your choice of email address, if it is
not available you will see this screen:
Choose one of these suggestions or try again.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 35
Email Continued
7. When choosing a password pick something you will
remember. It has to be at least 6 letters long.
*This password is for your eyes only. It will make sure no one
else uses your email account.
8. Scroll down the page and fill out all of the information.
9. If you DO NOT already have email then leave the “alternative
email” area blank. Click on the blue words:
Or choose a security question for password reset
10. Choose a question and click the downward arrow.
11. Type in your answer. It must be at least 5 letters long.*This
will help you if you ever forget your password.
12. You will see a box like this at the bottom.
13. Type in what you see. These letters and numbers cannot be
seen by computers, just people. It is a security measure to
protect people from using your email.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 36
14. Take time to read the Microsoft service agreement and privacy
statement.
Before clicking on
15. This will open your new email account!
New
Subject
16. New messages will show up in your inbox.
17. To read them click on the subject. Here the new subject is:
“Getting Started with Windows Live Hotmail”
18. Click to open letter.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 37
Sending an Email
1. To start a new message click on New.
2. You will see this:
Email
Address
Subject of
email
Message
6. The picture above shows a sample email including:
The email address of the person you are writing to
The subject of your email
The message you want to send
4. When you are done writing your message, click “Send”. This
will send your email.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 38
Signing in and out of email
1. Make sure to always “Sign out” of your email so no one else
can use it.
2. Your “sign out” symbol is here on the right under your name:
3. To sign in to your account type www.hotmail.com in your
address bar.
4. You will see this:
Email address
Password
Sign In
Follow these steps:
Type in your whole email address (smithjoe@hotmail.com)
Type your password
Click
Follow Up Exercise – Email
Type this web address in your address bar:
http://www.bbc.co.uk/webwise/topics/email-andsharing/sending-and-receiving-email
You will learn more about how email works.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 39
Google Maps and Directions
Type the address www.google.ca in your address bar.
1. Click Maps
2. This will take you to a page with a map of North America.
3. If you want to find a town or city, type it into the search box
under Google.
4. If you know the postal code, this can help with your search.
5. Click on the “search maps” button.
6. This will take you to a map of the area.
Zoom IN
7. You can see a closer view by
zooming in, or a larger map by
zooming out using the + or –
buttons.
Zoom OUT
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 40
8. Click on “get directions” at the top left hand side of your
screen.
9. This will open two boxes, one for where you are starting and
one for where you want to end up.
10. Click on the grey “get directions” box, you will see a map and
text that will tell you how to get where you are going.
11. You can print these if you need to take them with you.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 41
Looking For Your Street on Google Maps
If you have been able to search your home address on Google
Maps, chances are that you will also be able to see a satellite
image of your street.
1. Use the directions from the last lesson to go to Google
maps.
2. Type in your address on the search line.
3. Click on Search Maps.
4. Click on the street view photo.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 42
Postal Codes
You can find a Canadian postal code by looking up:
http://www.canadapost.ca/cpotools/apps/fpc/personal/findByCit
y?execution=e1s1
When you get to this web page, you are asked to enter
information into the boxes in order to find the postal code of the
address you need.
1. Type your house number, street name, rural route/postal box/
town, postal code and province.
2. Use the drop down menus to choose street type and province.
3. Click the green “Find” button to submit.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 43
Internet Banking
1. If you are comfortable using online banking it can save time.
2. If you decide to use online banking keep track of everything
you do.
3. It is important to keep your papers up to date.
4. You can visit your bank and they will answer any questions
you have and set you up an account
5. You will need to use your bank card number and a password
to sign up for online banking.
6. The Bank of Montreal has a great tutorial that will tell you
anything you might want to know about online banking.
7. Type this web address in your address bar and watch the
tutorial: http://www.bmo.com/olbtour
8. The tutorial should play right away.
9. You may need to ask your instructor for headphones.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 44
Finding Telephone Information Online
You can find phone numbers on the Internet
1. Type www.canada411.ca into your browser’s address bar.
2. Enter your information in the white boxes.
3. To find a person, type in the name and location of the person
you are looking for under “Find a Person”.
4. Click Find.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 45
Telephone Information Online Continued
5. To find a Business, enter the name of the business and location
under “Find a business”.
6. Click on the white button beside business name.
7. Click Find.
8. You can also type keywords to try and find a type of business.
9. Click the white button beside keyword(s).
10. Type in the area.
11. Click Find.
12. You will get a list of businesses in your area.
13. Try a few searches to practice using canada411.ca
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 46
Searching for Internet Images
Searching for pictures on the internet is similar to searching for
News.
Type this address in your address bar - www.google.com
1. Type the word “puppies” into the search section of Google.
2. Click on Images at the top left hand corner of the page.
3. Click on “search images”.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 47
Internet Images Continued
4. This will show you many pictures of puppies online.
5. When you are searching for something popular like puppies
Google (and other search engines) offers many choices.
6. To look through some of these choices scroll to the bottom
of the page.
Page
numbers/next
Scroll
7. At the bottom of this page, you will see many numbers and a
“Next” option.
8. Click on the number or “Next” to continue browsing the
pictures.
9. The page number you are currently on will appear in red.
The other page numbers will be black.
10. At any time if you want to go back click
Essential Skills for Internet Use
.
Page 48
11. Click on an image.
12. To see a larger picture click See full size image
Practice Exercise #7 – Searching Images
Using more specific words will improve your chances of finding
what you are looking for.
1. Search for an image of a polar bear on an iceberg by typing
“bear” into your search box.
2. Now try searching this image by typing “polar bear” in your
search box.
3. Finally, type the words “polar bears iceberg” in the search box.
This shows you how much easier it is to find the images you are
looking for when you enter as much information as possible.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 49
Tools in Internet Explorer
This is your Internet Explorer Toolbar.
You can find many different options here like Save, Print, Home
Pages, Favorites and Internet Options.
The toolbar has pictures.
The pictures (icons) will help you remember where all of these
options are when you are using the Internet.
Click on the downward arrow beside each picture on the
toolbar to see the drop down menus for these options.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 50
Favorites
Adding and Deleting Bookmarks and Favorites
With hundreds of millions of websites on the Internet and more
being created every day, you may want to save some of your
favorite web addresses.
This will save you time. You will not have to retype an address
that you want to go to again. You will be able to just click on it.
If you are using
Internet Explorer as your web browser
these saved sites are listed as “Favorites”.
If you are using
Mozilla Firefox as your web browser these
saved sites are listed under “Bookmarks”.
Both Bookmarks and Favorites are used the same way and do the
same thing.
1. Type this web address into your address bar
www.bettycrocker.com
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 51
Favorites Continued
2. You can add an address to favorites using Internet Explorer by
clicking on
Favorites”.
at the left of the screen and clicking on “Add to
3. Once you have added an address to your favorites, it will be
there for you to use again.
4. Go to the
at the left hand top corner of your screen to see
what you have added.
5. If you change your mind about a website later on it can be
deleted from your list of favorites. You can right click on the
address you wish and choose to remove it.
You can then choose to delete this
address from your favorites.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 52
Renaming Bookmarks and Favorites
Once you have saved your favorite URLs you can then organize
and make your list even more convenient to use.
Please go back to www.bettycrocker.com and add it once again to
your favorites.
For the purpose of this exercise, we will save this site because we
like to check out the recipe of the day each morning.
1. Right click on this site in your favorite’s list and left click on
“Rename”.
2. A grey box will appear around the name. Press the “delete”
key to clear this name.
3. Type “Recipe of the Day” in the blank space and press
“enter” on your keyboard to save this new title.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 53
4. Now, open favorites and click on “Recipe of the Day”.
Organizing Favorites
You can put your favorite addresses in order.
When you save an address, the new address is always placed at
the bottom of your list.
If you have many favorites saved, it may be a good idea to put
them in order of use.
You may want an address that you look at every day to be at
the top of your list.
1. Open your favorites list again and find “Recipe of the
Day.”
2. Left click to choose this from your list but hold the mouse
button down while moving this address to the top of your
list.
3. This is called “dragging.”
4. When you have it at the top of the list let go.
5. Tell your instructor if you have any problems with this.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 54
Follow Up Exercise - Favorites
Type this web address in your address bar http://www.bbc.co.uk/webwise/course/browserplus/favour
ites/favourites.shtml
Complete the “favorites” section of the tutorial.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 55
Printing from the Internet
You can print web pages from the Internet.
1. To print information from the Internet, click on the down arrow
beside the Printer icon on the toolbar.
It is here on the Toolbar.
2. Click on Print.
3. You will see this screen:
*Be careful about printing from
the internet. Sometimes you are
only seeing one page of an
article, and it may be 25 pages
long when you print it.
4. Click “Print”.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 56
Printer Options
You can choose the way your page looks when it prints.
1. Click on the down arrow beside the printer icon.
2. Click “Page Setup”.
3. You will see this:
This is where you can make changes to your page before you
print.
Here you can change the size of your paper or add a Header or a
Footer to your Internet print outs.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 57
Print Preview
You can see what your pages will look like before they print.
1. Click on the down arrow beside the printer icon.
2. Click on “Print Preview”.
3. You will see this:
4. If you are printing more than one page, click on the arrows at
the bottom to see what each page will look like.
5. Click on the
Preview.
in the top right hand corner to close Print
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 58
Printing a Selection from the Internet
You will need to highlight words:
1. Click the mouse at the beginning of the words you want
to select.
2. Hold down the left mouse button.
3. Move the mouse across the words and down the page.
4. Lift up your finger.
5. Your selection will be highlighted in blue.
6. It will look like this:
7. When you ask this to print, it will print only the
highlighted words.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 59
Printing Selected Information from the Internet
For this exercise please go to the following URL:
http://www.trlegeralepp.ca
You can click on the print icon (the picture of the printer) to print
out all of this page’s information.
You can also print out just one part (selection) of a web page on
one page of paper.
Sometimes, if you print a whole web page, you print many pages
that you do not need and waste printer ink and paper.
Instead of printing the whole article, select the information you
want by highlighting it with you mouse.
1. Scroll down to the We offer section of the article.
2. Left click at the beginning of the word “We” and highlight
this paragraph by holding down your finger on the left
mouse button and moving your mouse across and down.
3. Lift your finger when you are done.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 60
4. Click on the down arrow beside the printer icon.
Select
Print
5. Click on the button beside “Selection” on the print screen.
print
selection
6. Then click on “print” to print this part of the document.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 61
Searching for Employment Online
There are many places to look for work online.
Searching for jobs online is easy!
1. Type this web address into your address bar:
http://www.jobbank.gc.ca/
This is the job bank for Human Resources and Development
Canada (HRDC).
2. You will see this screen:
3. Click on English.
4. Click on.
5. You will be asked to choose your province. Click on Ontario.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 62
You will see this screen:
Type name of
town or city
here
Searching Jobs by City or Town
1. To look for work in one place, type the name of the town or city
you are looking for in the Search Text: box and then click on
.
This will show you ALL jobs for ALL occupations in your town.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 63
2. You will see this screen:
3. Click on the blue job names
(links) to look at the job ads.
4. You will see all the information for the job that you opened.
Scroll to see
the whole ad
Click the
to go back to the main list at any time.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 64
Searching by Area and Job Type
1. You can do a more specific search by using the drop down
menus on the main search screen.
2. Click your
to return to this page.
3. Delete the words (the name of the town that you put in earlier)
from the Search Text bar.
4. Look for the drop down menu under By Area.
5. Click the downward arrow and select the area you would like to
search. It will then be highlighted in blue.
6. Look for the drop down menu under Select your Job Category.
7. Click the down arrow to select the type of job you are looking
for. It will then be highlighted in blue.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 65
1. Click
2. Click the blue job title to select a job.
3. Click the
to go back to the main list at any time.
Practice Exercise #8 - HRDC Website
1. Type the name of your town or city into the job bank search
bar.
2. Pick one job from the search results by clicking the blue job
title.
3. Print the ad for that job.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 66
Deleting Browsing History
The computer keeps a record of every website you visit online.
This is called your browsing history.
Some people erase this history because they want the sites
they visit on the Internet to be private. This history builds up
over time, so it is a good idea to clear it every once in awhile.
To clear your browsing history click on the downward arrow
beside Tools
on the toolbar.
Click on Delete Browsing History.
You will see this:
This screen tells you what may be saved in your history and
what each category means.
Click on
Then click “Yes”.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 67
Social Websites
Many people use the Internet as a way to socialize. People
socialize online for many reasons.
They may want to catch up with friends or meet new people or
they may want to find people who share their interests, such as:
sports, books, movies or cooking.
It is easy to find social groups online. The Internet is used by
millions of people who are involved in social networking.
Three popular networking sites are: Facebook, Twitter and
MySpace.
There are benefits to social networking. Social sites (social
networking websites) are used by people all over the world, so it
offers you a chance to meet people from different cultures. It is
also a quick and easy way to stay in touch with friends and family
members.
If you do decide to join a social network, be careful when you are
talking to new people online. If you are talking to a new person
online you should be as careful as if you were talking to a stranger
out in the world.
Remember you cannot see this person face to face, so you cannot
be sure that everything they are saying to you online is
completely true.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 68
Social networking sites have “about” sections that give you
information about how the site works. They also tell you how to
be safe when using the site.
You should always read the “about” section before deciding
whether or not to sign up for a social site.
Read more about Facebook at:
http://www.facebook.com/facebook
Read more about Twitter at:
http://twitter.com/about
Example of a Facebook profile
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 69
Computer Viruses
What is a computer virus?
A computer virus is a program designed to spread from one
computer to another.
Viruses can:
 Change or delete things on your computer
 Erase everything on your computer
 Attach to your email and spread to other computers
Even though it is hard to keep your computer 100% safe, there
are steps you can take to protect your computer from viruses:
1) Install anti-virus software. You can buy or download this.
2) Do not open emails from people you do not know.
3) Do not open an attachment from someone you know unless
you know what the attachment is. There is a chance it could
contain a virus.
4) Do not download (save things from sites) that you do not
understand and trust.
Follow Up Exercise - Internet Safety
Viruses are only one item that you should be careful about when
using the internet.
Please visit this site:
http://www.icce.ca/eic/site/cmc-cmc.nsf/vwapj/OCA-InternetSafety-ENGPDF.pdf/$FILE/OCA-InternetSafety-ENG-PDF.pdf
When you click to open this link you will get a pop-up box that
asks for your permission to open this information. It wants to be
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 70
certain that you believe that this site is a safe one. It is the
Federal-Provincial-Territorial Consumers Measure Committee and
will be safe for you to click on “OK”.
Print out and read the information to learn more about how you
can use the Internet safely.
Follow Up Exercise: Internet Shopping
It is also important to be careful if you decide to use the Internet
to shop for items.
1. Type this link into your browser to learn more about
shopping online.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/webwise/courses/internetbasics/lessons/shopping-online
2. Type a list 5 of things you learned from the online shopping
video series. Discuss this with your instructor.
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 71
Final Demonstration
1. Go to Canada411.ca and look for florists in your area.
2. Highlight the names, addresses and phone numbers of three
florists and print JUST this selection.
3. Find the postal code for the Scotia Bank Place. It is located at
1000 Palladium Dr. Kanata, Ontario
4. What will the weather be like in Toronto tomorrow?
__________________________________________________
5. Name three web browsers:
1) _______________________
2)_______________________
3) ______________________
6. Use the online Thesaurus to find two other words for tiny?
______________________________________________________
7. Write any web address here:
______________________________________________________
8. Name one thing that can help to protect your computer from
viruses.
______________________________________________________
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 72
Checklist
I have learned about…
 Internet service providers
 Web browsers
 Websites and web pages
 The arrow cursor and the hand cursor
 Drop down menus
 The address bar
 Scrolling
 The desktop and icons
 Finding good information online
 Searching for information online
 Searching for news and images online
 Finding directions online
 Using Canada411.ca
 Checking the weather report online
 Internet Banking
 How to use an online dictionary and thesaurus
 Creating an email account
 Using an email account
 How to use favorites
 Printing from the Internet
 Looking for jobs online
 Deleting internet history
 Computer viruses
 Shopping Online
 Internet safety
 Social websites
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 73
Computer Course Evaluation
Congratulations on completing the Essential Skills for Internet Use
guide. Please take a minute to fill out this survey. Circle your
answers.
1. I found the instructions in this lesson clear and easy to follow.
Yes
Somewhat
No
2. I learned new information from this guide.
Yes
Somewhat
No
3. I understood my exercises and was able to complete them in
the right order.
Yes
Somewhat
No
4. I found this work difficult.
Yes
Somewhat
No
5. I found this work interesting.
Yes
Somewhat
No
6. I now feel comfortable using the Internet.
Yes
Somewhat
No
7. I now feel comfortable using email.
Yes
Somewhat
No
8. I would recommend this course to others.
Yes
Somewhat
No
9. I will use my new skills at
Work
School
Home To Find a Job
Essential Skills for Internet Use
Page 74
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising