1606-XLS240E - Rockwell Automation

1606-XLS240E - Rockwell Automation
Rockwell Automation
1606-XLS240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
1606-XLS240E
24V,10A Single Phase Input
POWER SUPPLY
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
Ultra-small size
Extra-low inrush current
Active power factor correction
Wide range AC/DC input; auto select input
Superior reserve power (can support 150% rated power for five
seconds)
Superior efficiency and temperature rating
DC-OK and overload LED
1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The most outstanding features of this 1606-XLS DIN-rail power supply are the high efficiency and the small size, which are achieved by a
synchronous rectification and further novel design details.
With short-term peak power capability of 150% and built-in large sized output capacitors, these features help start motors, charge capacitors
and absorb reverse energy and often allow a unit of a lower wattage class to be used.
High immunity to transients and power surges as well as low electromagnetic emission makes usage in nearly every environment possible.
The integrated output power manager, a wide range input voltage design and virtually no input inrush current make installation and usage
simple. Diagnostics are easy due to the dry DC-ok contact, a green DC-ok LED and red overload LED.
Unique quick-connect spring-clamp terminals allow a safe and fast installation and a large international approval package for a variety of
applications makes this unit suitable for nearly every situation.
2. SPECIFICATION QUICK REFERENCE
Output voltage
Adjustment range
Output current
Output power
Output ripple
Input voltage
Line frequency
AC Input current
Power factor
AC Inrush current
DC Input voltage
DC Input current
Efficiency
Losses
Temperature range
Derating
Hold-up time
Dimensions
DC 24V
24-28V
10A
15A
240W
360W
< 50mVpp
AC 100-240V
50-60Hz
2.22 / 1.22A
0.98 / 0.92
typ. 4 / 7A peak
DC 110-300V 2.37 / 0.87A
92.3 / 93.0%
20.0 / 18.1W
-25°C to +70°C
6W/°C
typ. 27 / 28ms
60x124x117mm
3. AGENCY APPROVALS
IND. CONT. EQ.
continuous, 24V
for typ. 4s, 24V
continuous, 24V
for typ. 4s, 24V
20Hz to 20MHz
±15%
±6%
at 120 / 230Vac
at 120 / 230Vac
at 120 / 230Vac
-20%/+25%
at 110 / 300Vdc
at 120 / 230Vac
at 120 / 230Vac
operational
+60 to +70°C
at 120 / 230Vac
WxHxD
UL 508
UL 60950-1
Class I Div 2
EMC, LVD
4. RELATED PRODUCTS
1606-XLS240EC
1606-XLB
1606-XLSRED
1606-XLBUFFER
Conformal coated unit
Wall mount bracket
Redundancy Module
Buffer unit
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Rockwell Automation
1606-XLS240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
INDEX
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
PAGE
General Description..............................................1
Specification Quick reference ...............................1
Agency Approvals.................................................1
Related Products ..................................................1
AC-Input ...............................................................3
Input Inrush Current..............................................4
DC-Input ...............................................................4
Output...................................................................5
Hold-up Time ........................................................7
DC-OK Relay Contact ..........................................7
Efficiency and Power Losses................................8
Functional Diagram ..............................................9
Product Face label................................................9
Terminals and Wiring..........................................10
Reliability ............................................................10
EMC ...................................................................11
Environment .......................................................12
Protection Features ............................................13
Safety .................................................................13
Dielectric Strength ..............................................13
Approvals............................................................14
INDEX
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
PAGE
Fulfilled Standards ............................................. 14
Used Substances............................................... 14
Physical Dimensions and Weight....................... 15
Installation and Operation Instructions............... 15
Accessories ....................................................... 16
Application Notes............................................... 16
27.1. Repetitive Pulse Loading ......................... 16
27.2. Peak Current Capability........................... 17
27.3. Back-feeding Loads................................. 18
27.4. Charging of Batteries............................... 18
27.5. Output Circuit Breakers ........................... 18
27.6. External Input Protection ......................... 19
27.7. Parallel Use to Increase Output Power.... 19
27.8. Parallel Use for Redundancy ................... 20
27.9. Daisy Chaining of Outputs ....................... 20
27.10. Series Operation...................................... 20
27.11. Inductive and Capacitive Loads............... 21
27.12. Operation on Two Phases ....................... 21
27.13. Use in a Tightly Sealed Enclosure........... 21
27.14. Mounting Orientations ............................. 22
INTENDED USE
Those responsible for the application and use of the products must satisfy themselves that all necessary steps have been
taken to assure that each application and use meets all performance and safety requirements, including and applicable
laws, regulation , codes, and standards.
TERMINOLOGY AND ABBREVIATIONS
PE and
PE is the abbreviation for Protective Earth and has the same meaning as the symbol
symbol
.
Earth, Ground
T.b.d.
AC 230V
230Vac
This document uses the term “earth” which is the same as the U.S. term “ground”.
To be defined, value or description will follow later.
A figure displayed with the AC or DC before the value represents a nominal voltage with standard
tolerances (usually ±20%) included.
E.g.: DC 12V describes a 12V battery disregarding whether it is full (13.7V) or flat (10V)
As long as not otherwise stated, AC 100V and AC 230V parameters are valid at 50Hz and AC
120V parameters are valid at 60Hz mains frequency.
A figure with the unit (VAC) at the end is a value without any additional tolerances included.
PELV
SELV
Protective Extra Low Voltage
Safety Extra Low Voltage
DISCLAIMER
The information presented in this document is believed to be accurate and reliable and may change without notice.
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Rockwell Automation
1606-XLS240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
5. AC-INPUT
AC input
AC input range
Input frequency
Turn-on voltage
Shut-down voltage
Input current
Power factor *
Crest factor **
Start-up delay
Rise time
Turn-on overshoot
AC 100-240V
85-276Vac
60-85Vac
276-300Vac
50 – 60Hz
81Vac
63Vac
55Vac
typ.
typ.
typ.
typ.
typ.
typ.
max.
AC 100V
2.65A
0.99
1.65
800ms
8ms
15ms
20mV
wide-range input, see Fig. 5-1
continuous operation
full power for 200ms, no damage between 0 and 85Vac
< 500ms
±6%
steady-state value, see Fig. 5-1
steady-state value, see Fig. 5-1
dynamical value
AC 120V
2.22A
0.98
1.67
650ms
8ms
15ms
20mV
AC 230V
1.22A
0.92
1.85
340ms
8ms
15ms
20mV
at 24V, 10A, see Fig. 5-3
at 24V, 10A, see Fig. 5-4
at 24V, 10A
see Fig. 5-2
0mF, 24V, 10A, see Fig. 5-2
10mF, 24V, 10A, see Fig. 5-2
see Fig. 5-2
The power factor is the ratio of the true (or real) power to the apparent power in an AC circuit.
The crest factor is the mathematical ratio of the peak value to RMS value of the input current waveform.
Fig. 5-1 Input voltage range
Rated
input range
Intput
Voltage
max.
500ms
Turn-on
full
power
for
200ms
Shut -dow n
POUT
Fig. 5-2 Turn-on behavior, definitions
VIN
60V
85V
Start-up
delay
Input
Current, typ.
Fig. 5-4 Power factor vs. output load
Power Factor, typ.
2.4
2.0
1.6
1.2
100Vac
1.0
ac
0V
10
c
Va
120
0.95
ac
230V
0.85
120Vac
230Vac
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.4
0
Rise
Time
276V 300Vac
Fig. 5-3 Input current vs. output load at 24V
2.8A
- 5%
Output
Voltage
Overshoot
*
**
nom.
min.
min.
min.
nom.
typ.
typ.
typ.
Output Current
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Output Current
0.75
1
9 10A
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5
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8
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Rockwell Automation
1606-XLS240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
6. INPUT INRUSH CURRENT
An active inrush limitation circuitry limits the input inrush current after turn-on of the input voltage and after short input
voltage interruptions.
The charging current into EMI suppression capacitors is disregarded in the first milliseconds after switch-on.
Inrush current
AC 100V
10Apeak
5Apeak
1A2s
650ms
max.
typ.
max.
typ.
Inrush energy
Inrush delay
AC 120V
10Apeak
4Apeak
1A2s
520ms
AC 230V
10Apeak
7Apeak
1A2s
250ms
-25°C to +70°C
-25°C to +70°C
-25°C to +70°C
Fig. 6-1 Input inrush current, typical behavior
Input Current
A
Input Voltage
Output Voltage
A:
B:
Inrush delay
Start-up delay
Input:
Output:
Ambient:
230Vac
24V, 10A
25°C
Upper curve:
Medium curve:
Lower curve:
Time basis:
Input current 2A / DIV
Input voltage 500V / DIV
Output voltage 20V / DIV
100ms / DIV
B
7. DC-INPUT
DC input
DC input range
DC input current
Turn-on voltage
Shut-down voltage
nom.
min.
typ.
typ.
typ.
DC 110-300V
88-375Vdc
2.37A / 0.87A
80Vdc
55Vdc
continuous operation
110Vdc / 300Vdc, 24V, 10A
steady state value
steady state value
Fig. 7-1 Wiring for DC Input
Battery
Instructions for DC use:
a) Use a battery or similar DC source.
b) Connect +pole to L and –pole to N.
c) Connect the PE terminal to a earth wire or to
the machine ground.
When the –pole of the battery is not connected to
earth, use an appropriate fuse to protect the N
terminal.
Power Supply
+
AC
L
internal
fused
+
Fuse
N
Load
-
PE
-
DC
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Rockwell Automation
1606-XLS240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
8. OUTPUT
Output voltage
Adjustment range
Factory setting
Line regulation
Load regulation
Ripple and noise voltage
Output capacitance
nom.
min.
max.
max.
max.
max.
typ.
24V
24-28V
30V
24.1V
10mV
100mV
50mVpp
7 000µF
guaranteed, multi turn potentiometer
at clockwise end position of potentiometer
±0.2%, at full load, cold unit
60 to 300Vac
static value, 0A Æ 10A Æ 0A
20Hz to 20MHz, 50Ohm
nom.
nom.
nom.
nom.
min.
max.
10A
9A
240W
252W
8A
12.5A
at 24V, see Fig. 8-1
at 28V, see Fig. 8-1
24V, continuous
28V, continuous
load impedance 100mOhm, see Fig. 8-1
load impedance 100mOhm, see Fig. 8-1
Continuous power capability
Output current
Output power
Short-circuit current
Power-Boost, short term power capability (up to typ. 4s)
The power supply is designed to support loads with a higher short-term power requirement without damage or shutdown.
The short-term duration is hardware controlled by an output power manager. The Power-Boost is repeatedly available.
Detailed information can be found in section 27.1 .
Once Power-Boost has been stopped by the output power limiter, a timer disables the next Power-Boost capability. The
recovery timer will start as soon as the output voltage reaches the adjusted value again, which usually happens after the
load has been reduced.
Output current
Output power
Short-circuit current
Power- Boost time
Power-Boost recovery time
nom.
nom.
nom.
nom.
min.
max.
typ.
min
max.
typ.
15A
13.5A
360W
378W
21A
27A
4s
3s
5s
7s
at 24V, see Fig. 8-1
at 28V, see Fig. 8-1
24V, short term
28V, short term
load impedance 100mOhm, see Fig. 8-1
load impedance 100mOhm, see Fig. 8-1
at 24V, 15A, duration until the output voltage dips,
see Fig. 8-2
overload free time to reset power manager, see Fig. 8-3
Peak current capability (up to several ms)
The power supply can deliver a peak current which is higher than the specified short term current. This helps to start current
demanding loads or to safely operate subsequent circuit breakers.
The extra current is supplied by the output capacitors inside the power supply. During this event, the capacitors will be
discharged and causes a voltage dip on the output. Detailed curves can be found in chapter 27.2.
Peak current voltage dips
typ.
typ.
typ.
from 24V to 20V
from 24V to 22V
from 24V to 15V
10000051149 (Version 00)
at 20A for 20ms
at 40A for 2ms
at 40A for 5ms
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Rockwell Automation
1606-XLS240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
Fig. 8-1 Output voltage vs. output current, typ.
Adjustment
Range
Output Voltage
28V
8
4
0
er m
12
10s
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
110
r t -t
co nt in uo us
16
Bonus
BoostTime
Time
sh o
24
20
Fig. 8-2 Power-Boost time vs. output power
Output Current
0
5
10
15
20
25A
m ax
m in
Output Power
120
130
140
150
160%
Fig. 8-3 Power-Boost recovery time
Power
Demand
<150%
Limitation by
Power Manager
100%
Boost
Bonus
Time
Recovery Time
Bonus Power disabled
Boost
Output
Voltage
Power-Boost is available as soon as power comes on and immediately after the end of an output short circuit.
Fig. 8-4 Power-Boost after input turn-on
Fig. 8-5 Power-Boost after output short
Short of
Output
Intput
Voltage
Output
Voltage
Output
Voltage
150%
Output
Power
100%
Boost
Bonus
Power
Power
Output
Power
10000051149 (Version 00)
150%
100%
Boost
Bonus
Po
wer
Power
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Rockwell Automation
1606-XLS240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
9. HOLD-UP TIME
Hold-up Time
AC 100V
26ms
51ms
typ.
typ.
AC 120V
27ms
53ms
Fig. 9-1 Hold-up time vs. input voltage
Zero Transition
24V, 5A t yp.
50
10A, 24V, see Fig. 9-1
5A, 24V, see Fig. 9-1
Fig. 9-2 Shut-down behavior, definitions
Hold-up Time
60ms
AC 230V
28ms
55ms
Intput
Voltage
24V, 5A min .
40
24V, 10A t yp.
24V, 10A min.
30
20
Hold-up Time
Input Voltage
10
85
120
155
190
- 5%
Output
Voltage
230Vac
Note: At no load, the hold-up time can be up to one minute. The green DC-ok lamp is on during this time.
10. DC-OK RELAY CONTACT
This feature monitors the output voltage, which is produced by the power supply itself. It is independent of a back-fed
voltage from a unit which is connected in parallel to the power supply output.
Contact closes
Contact opens
As soon as the output voltage reaches the adjusted output voltage.
As soon as the output voltage dips more than 10% below the adjusted output voltage.
Short dips will be extended to a signal length of 250ms. Dips shorter than 1ms will be ignored.
As soon as the output voltage exceeds 90% of the adjusted voltage.
max
60Vdc 0.3A, 30Vdc 1A, 30Vac 0.5A
resistive load
min
1mA at 5Vdc
min. permissible load
See dielectric strength table in section 20
Contact re-closes
Contact ratings
Isolation voltage
Fig. 10-1 DC-ok relay contact behavior
Note:
The DC-ok feature requires that the output voltage reaches
the nominal (=adjusted) level after turn-on in order to
function according to specification. If this level cannot be
achieved, the overload lamp will be on and the DC-ok
contact will be open. The overload signal will only shut off
as soon as the adjusted voltage is reached. This is an
important condition to consider particularly, if the load is a
battery, the power supply is used in parallel or the power
supply is used for N+1 redundant systems.
VOUT= VADJ
90%
VADJ
10%
<
1ms
open
>
1ms
closed
250ms
open
closed
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Rockwell Automation
1606-XLS240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
11. EFFICIENCY AND POWER LOSSES
Efficiency
Power losses
AC 100V
91.2%
23.1W
5.6W
typ.
typ.
typ.
AC 120V
92.3%
20.0W
5.7W
Fig. 11-1 Efficiency vs. output current at 24V
AC 230V
93.0%
18.1W
5.9W
10A, 24V
10A, 24V
0A
Fig. 11-2 Losses vs. output current at 24V
Efficiency
Power Losses
94%
93
92
91
90
89
88
87
86
24W
230Vac
100Vac
21
120Vac
100Vac
120Vac
18
15
230Vac
12
9
Output Current
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Output Current
6
9 10A
0
Fig. 11-3 Efficiency vs. input voltage, 24V, 10A
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10A
Fig. 11-4 Losses vs. input voltage, 24V, 10A
Efficiency
Power Losses
94%
27W
93
24
92
21
91
18
90
15
89
12
Input Voltage
88
85
120
155
190
Input Voltage
9
225 260Vac
85
10000051149 (Version 00)
120
155
190
225 260Vac
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Rockwell Automation
1606-XLS240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
12. FUNCTIONAL DIAGRAM
Fig. 12-1 Functional diagram
Output
Voltage
Regulator
L
N
Input Fuse
Input Filter
Input Rectifier
Active Transient Filter &
Inrush Current Limiter
Temperature
Shutdown
PFC
Converter
Output
Power
Manager
Output
OverVoltage
Protection
Power
Converter
Output
Voltage
Monitor
VOUT
+
+
-
Output
Filter
Overload
lamp
DC-ok
lamp
DC-ok
Relay
DC-ok
contact
13. PRODUCT FACE LABEL
Fig. 13-1 Front side
Output voltage potentiometer
(multi turn potentiometer)
Open the flap to tune the output voltage.
Factory setting: 24.1V
Output Terminals
Quick-connect spring-clamp
terminals, no tools required
Positive output
Negative (return) output
Dual pins per pole
DC ok Relay contact
(NO-contact)
+
-
DC-ok lamp (green)
Overload lamp (red)
Normal mode
Power-Boost
mode
Overload
(VOUT < 90%)
Short-circuit
(VOUT = ca. 0V)
Overtemperature
No input power
240W Continuous power /
360W Peak power
Input Terminals
Quick-connect spring-clamp
terminals, no tools required
N … Neutral input
L … Line (hot) input
... PE (Protective Earth) input
See section 14 “Terminals and
Wiring” to choose appropriate
wire gauges
Overload
LED
DC-ok
LED
DC-ok
contact
OFF
ON
Closed
OFF
ON
Closed
ON
OFF
Open
ON
OFF
Open
Intermitted
OFF
Open
OFF
OFF
Open
DC-ok lamp and DC-ok contact
function synchronized
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Rockwell Automation
1606-XLS240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
14. TERMINALS AND WIRING
Type
Bi-stable, quick-connect spring clamp terminals. IP20 Finger safe construction.
Suitable for field- and factory installation. Shipped in open position.
2
0.5-6mm
0.5-4mm2
20-10 AWG
allowed, but not required
10mm / 0.4inch
10AWG:80N, 12AWG:60N, 14AWG:50N, 16AWG:40N (according to UL486E)
Solid wire
Stranded wire
American wire gauge
Ferrules
Wire stripping length
Pull-out force
Fig. 14-1 Connecting a wire
1. Insert the wire
2. Snap the lever
To disconnect wire: same procedure
vice versa
Instructions:
a) Use appropriate copper cables that are designed
for an operating temperature of:
60°C for ambient up to 45°C and
75°C for ambient up to 60°C minimum.
b) Follow national installation codes and installation
regulations!
c) Ensure that all strands of a stranded wire enter the
terminal connection!
d) Up to two stranded wires with the same cross
section are permitted in one connection point
(except PE wire).
e)
Do not use the unit without PE connection.
15. RELIABILITY
Lifetime expectancy
MTBF SN 29500, IEC 61709
MTBF MIL HDBK 217F
min.
min.
min.
AC 100V
AC 120V
AC 230V
40 000h
93 000h
114 000h
478 000h
827 000h
334 000h
460 000h
50 000h
100 000h
15 years
535 000h
926 000h
340 700h
469 300h
57 000h
97 000h
15 years
581 000h
1 005 000h
345 000h
474 000h
40°C, 24V, 10A
40°C, 24V, 5A
25°C, 24V, 10A
40°C, 24V, 10A
25°C, 24V, 10A
40°C, 24V, 10A, Ground Benign GB40
25°C, 24V, 10A, Ground Benign GB25
The Lifetime expectancy shown in the table indicates the operating hours (service life) and is determined by the lifetime
expectancy of the built-in electrolytic capacitors.
Lifetime expectancy is specified in operational hours. Lifetime expectancy is calculated according to the capacitor’s
manufacturer specification. The prediction model allows a calculation of up to 15 years from date of shipment.
MTBF stands for Mean Time Between Failure, which is calculated according to statistical device failures, and indicates
reliability of a device. It is the statistical representation of the likelihood of the unit to fail and does not necessarily represent
the life of a product.
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Rockwell Automation
1606-XLS240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
16. EMC
The power supply is suitable for applications in industrial environment as well as in residential, commercial and light industry
environment without any restrictions. CE mark is in conformance with EMC guideline 89/336/EEC and 93/68/EEC and the
low-voltage directive (LVD) 73/23/EWG.
EMC Immunity
Electrostatic discharge
EN 61000-6-1 EN 61000-6-2
EN 61000-4-2
Electromagnetic RF field
Fast transients (Burst)
EN 61000-4-3
EN 61000-4-4
Surge voltage on input
EN 61000-4-5
Surge voltage on output
EN 61000-4-5
Conducted disturbance
Mains voltage dips
EN 61000-4-6
EN 61000-4-11
Voltage interruptions
Voltage sags
EN 61000-4-11
SEMI F47 0200
Input voltage swells
Powerful transients
RA internal standard
VDE 0160
Contact discharge
Air discharge
80MHz-1GHz
Input lines
Output lines
LÆN
N / L Æ PE
+Æ+ / - Æ PE
0.15-80MHz
70% of 100Vac
40% of 100Vac
40% of 100Vac
over entire load range
Generic standards
8kV
15kV
10V/m
4kV
2kV
2kV
4kV
500V
500V
10V
70Vac, 10ms
40Vac, 100ms
40Vac, 1000ms
0Vac, 5000ms
96Vac, 1000ms
84Vac, 500ms
60Vac, 200ms
300Vac, 500ms
750V, 1.3ms
Criterion A
Criterion A
Criterion A
Criterion A
Criterion A
Criterion A
Criterion A
Criterion A
Criterion A
Criterion A
Criterion A
Criterion C
Criterion C
Criterion C
Criterion A
Criterion A
Criterion A
Criterion A
Criterion A
Criteria:
A: Power supply shows normal operation behavior within the defined limits.
C: Temporary loss of function is possible. Power supply might shut-down and restarts by itself. No damages or hazards for the power supply occur.
EN 61000-6-3 and EN 61000-6-4
Generic standards
EN 55011, EN 55022, FCC Part 15, CISPR 11, CISPR
Class B, input lines
22
EN 55022
Class B, output lines
Radiated emission
EN 55011, EN 55022
Class B
Harmonic input current
EN 61000-3-2
Fulfilled, active PFC
Voltage fluctuations, flicker
EN 61000-3-3
Fulfilled
This device complies with FCC Part 15 rules.
Operation is subjected to following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must
accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
EMC Emission
Conducted emission
Switching Frequencies
Switching frequency 1
Switching frequency 2
Switching frequency 3
The power supply has three converters with three different switching frequencies included.
Two are nearly constant. The other one is input voltage and load dependent.
35kHz
nearly constant
105kHz
nearly constant
40kHz to 220kHz
input voltage and load dependent
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Rockwell Automation
1606-XLS240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
17. ENVIRONMENT
Operational temperature
Output de-rating
Storage temperature
Humidity
-25°C to +70°C (-13°F to 158°F)
6W/°C
-40 to +85°C (-40°F to 185°F)
5 to 95% r.H.
Vibration sinusoidal
2-17.8Hz: ±1.6mm;
17.8-500Hz: 2g
2 hours / axis
0.5m2(s3)
2 hours / axis
30g 6ms, 20g 11ms
3 bumps / direction,
18 bumps in total
0 to 6000m (0 to 20 000ft)
Vibration random
Shock
Altitude
Output de-rating (for altitude)
Over-voltage category
reduce output power above +60°C
60-70°C (140°F to 158°F), see Fig. 17-1
storage and transportation
IEC 60068-2-30
Do not energize while condensation is present
IEC 60068-2-6
IEC 60068-2-64
IEC 60068-2-27
Reduce output power or ambient temperature
above 2000m sea level.
above 2000m (6500ft), see Fig. 17-2
EN 50178, altitudes up to 2000m
Altitudes from 2000m to 6000m
EN 50178, not conductive
15W/1000m or 5°C/1000m
III
II
2
Degree of pollution
Fig. 17-1 Output current vs. ambient temp.,
Fig. 17-2 Output current vs. altitude
Allowed Output
Current at 24V
Allowed Output
Current at 24V
15A
15A
f or t yp. 4s
12.5
10
10
cont inuous
7.5
5
5
2.5
Ambient Temperature
0
20
40
cont inuous
7.5
2.5
0
-25
f or t yp. 4s
12.5
A
A... Tamb < 60°C
B... Tamb < 50°C
C... Tamb < 40°C
0
2000
C
Altitude
0
60 70°C
B
4000
6000m
The ambient temperature is defined as the air temperature 2cm below the unit.
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Rockwell Automation
1606-XLS240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
18. PROTECTION FEATURES
Output protection
Output over-voltage protection
Electronically protected against overload, no-load and short-circuits
typ. 35Vdc
In case of an internal power supply defect, a redundant
max. 39Vdc
circuitry limits the maximum output voltage. The output
shuts-down and automatically attempts to restart.
Electronically limited
See Fig. 8-1
IP 20
EN/IEC 60529
> 3.5mm
e.g. screws, small parts
yes
output shut-down with automatic restart
MOV (Metal Oxide Varistor) and active transient filter
T6.3A H.B.C.
not user replaceable
Output over-current protection
Degree of protection
Penetration protection
Over-temperature protection
Input transient protection
Internal input fuse
Note: In case of a protection event, audible noise may occur.
19. SAFETY
Input / output separation
SELV
IEC/EN 60950-1
PELV
EN 60204-1, EN 50178, IEC 60364-4-41
double or reinforced insulation
I
PE (Protective Earth) connection required
> 5MOhm
input to output, 500Vdc
< 0.1Ohm
between housing and PE terminal
typ. 0.19mA
100Vac, 50Hz, TN mains
typ. 0.29mA
120Vac, 60Hz, TN mains
typ. 0.53mA
230Vac, 50Hz, TN mains
< 0.25mA
110Vac, 50Hz, TN mains
< 0.38mA
132Vac, 60Hz, TN mains
< 0.74mA
264Vac, 50Hz, TN mains
Class of protection
Isolation resistance
PE resistance
Touch current (leakage current)
20. DIELECTRIC STRENGTH
To fulfill the PELV requirements according to EN60204-1 § 6.4.1, we recommend that either the + pole, the – pole or any
other part of the output circuit shall be connected to the protective earth system. This helps to avoid situations in which a
load starts unexpectedly or can not be switched off any more when unnoticed earth faults occur.
Fig. 20-1 Dielectric strength
Input
DC-ok
B
L
N
B
A
D
Output
Earth
C
+
-
Type test
60s
A
2500Vac
B
3000Vac
C
D
500Vac 500Vac
Factory test
5s
2500Vac
2500Vac
500Vac 500Vac
Field test
5s
2000Vac
2000Vac
500Vac 500Vac
Type tests and factory tests:
Conducted by the manufacturer. Do not repeat test in field!
Rules for field test:
Use appropriate test equipment which applies the voltage with
a slow ramp! Connect L and N together as well as all output
poles.
The output voltage is floating and has no ohmic connection to ground.
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Rockwell Automation
1606-XLS240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
21. APPROVALS
IECEE
IEC 60950-1
CB Scheme,
Information Technology Equipment
CB SCHEME
UL 508
IND. CONT. EQ.
RECOGNIZED E137006 recognized for the use in U.S.A. (UL 609501) and Canada (C22.2 No. 60950)
Information Technology Equipment, Level 5
UL 60950-1
UL 1604
LISTED E198865 listed for use in U.S.A. (UL 508) and Canada (C22.2
No. 14-95)
Industrial Control Equipment
RECOGNIZED E246877 recognized for use in U.S.A. (UL 1604) and
Canada (C22.2 No. 213-M1987)
Hazardous Location Class I Div 2 T4 Groups A,B,C,D and
Class I Zone 2 Groups IIA, IIB and IIC
The unit is suitable for use in Class I Division 2 Groups A, B, C, D locations as well as for Class I
Zone 2 Groups IIA, IIB and IIC locations. Substitution of components may impair suitability for
Class I Division 2 environment. Do not disconnect equipment unless power has been switched off.
Wiring must be in accordance with Class I, Division 2 wiring methods of the National Electrical
Code, NFPA 70, and in accordance with other local or national codes.
SEMI F47-0200 Power Quality Star
Ride-through compliance for semiconductor industry.
Full SEMI range compliance (Input: 120Vac or 208Vac, output: 240W)
SEMI F47
22. FULFILLED STANDARDS
EN 61558-2-17
Safety of Power Transformers
EN/IEC 60204-1
Safety of Electrical Equipment of Machines
EN/IEC 61131-2
Programmable Controllers
EN 50178
Electronic Equipment in Power Installations
23. USED SUBSTANCES
The unit does not release any silicone and is suitable for use in paint shops.
Electrolytic capacitors included in this unit do not use electrolytes such as Quaternary Ammonium Salt Systems.
Plastic housings and other molded plastic materials are free of halogens, wires and cables are not PVC insulated.
The production material within our production does not include following toxic chemicals:
Polychlorized Biphenyl (PCB), Polychlorized Terphenyl (PCT), Pentachlorophenol (PCP), Polychlorinated naphthalene (PCN),
Polybrom Biphenyll (PBB), Polybrom Bipheny-oxyd (PBO), Polybrominated Diphenylether (PBDE), Polychlorinated
Diphenylether (PCDE), Polydibromphenyl Oxyd (PBDO), Cadmium, Asbest, Mercury, Silicia
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1606-XLS240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
24. PHYSICAL DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHT
Weight
DIN-Rail
900g / 1.98lb
Use 35mm DIN-rails according to EN 60715 or EN 50022 with a height of 7.5 or 15mm.
The DIN-rail height must be added to the depth (117mm) to calculate the total required installation
depth.
Fig. 24-1 Front view
Fig. 24-2 Side view
25. INSTALLATION AND OPERATION INSTRUCTIONS
Hazardous voltage inside device. Risk of electric shock, severe burns, or death.
•
Do not use the unit without proper earth connection (Protective Earth). Use the pin on the terminal block for earth
connection and not one of the screws on the housing.
•
Turn power off before working on the power supply. Protect against inadvertent re-powering.
•
Make sure the wiring is correct by following all local and national codes.
•
Do not open, modify or repair the unit.
•
Use caution to prevent any foreign objects from entering into the housing.
•
Do not use in wet locations or in areas where moisture or condensation can be expected.
•
Mounting Orientation:
Output terminal must be located on top and input terminal on the bottom. For other orientations see section 27.14.
Cooling:
Convection cooled, no forced cooling required. Do not cover ventilation grid (e.g. cable conduits) by more than 30%!
Installation clearances:
40mm on top, 20mm on the bottom, 5mm on the left and right side are recommended when loaded permanently with full
power. In case the adjacent device is a heat source, 15mm clearance is recommended.
Service parts:
The unit does not contain any serviceable parts. The tripping of an internal fuse is caused by an internal defect.
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Rockwell Automation
1606-XLS240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
26. ACCESSORIES
1606-XLB Wall mounting bracket
This bracket is used to mount Dimension units onto a flat surface without utilizing a DIN-Rail. The two aluminum brackets
and the black plastic slider of the unit have to be detached, so that the two steel brackets can be mounted.
Fig. 26-1 1606-XLB Wall Mounting Bracket
Fig. 26-2 Assembled Wall Mounting Bracket
27. APPLICATION NOTES
27.1. REPETITIVE PULSE LOADING
Typically, a load current is not constant. It varies over time. For pulse load compatibility, following rules must be met:
a) The pulse power demand must be below 150% of the nominal power.
b) The duration of the pulse power must be shorter than the allowed Power Boost Time. (see output section)
c)
The average (R.M.S.) output current must be below the specified continuous output current.
If the R.M.S. current is higher, the unit will respond with a thermal shut-down after a while. Use the max. duty cycle
curve (Fig. 27-2) to check if the average output current is below the nominal current.
d) For altitudes higher than 2000m reduce the pulse loading (15W/1000m) or the ambient temperature (5°C/1000m)
Fig. 27-1 Repetitive pulse loads, definitions
Fig. 27-2 Max. Duty Cycle Curve
1.0
max.
150%
PPEAK TPEAK
DutyCycle
P0 = 10%
P0 = 50%
P0 = 75%
0.8
T0
0.6
100%
0.4
P0
P0 = 100%
0.2
0
100
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PPEAK
110
120
130
140
150%
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Rockwell Automation
1606-XLS240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
P0
PPEAK
T0
TPEAK
Base load (W)
Pulse load (above 100%)
Duration between pulses (s)
Pulse duration (s)
DutyCycle =
Tpeak
Tpeak + T0
Tpeak - (DutyCycle x Tpeak)
T0 =
DutyCycle
Utilizing the Max. Duty Cycle Curve:
Example to determine the repetition rate of pulses without dipping of the output voltage:
Parameters of application:
Determining the repetition rate:
1) make a vertical line at PPEAK = 150%
2) make a horizontal line where the vertical line crosses the P0 = 50% curve
3) Read the Max. Duty Cycle from the Duty Cycle-axis (= 0.37)
4) Calculate the min. pause (base load) length T0 :
Pulse length is TPEAK = 1s
Steady state load P0=120W
(= 50% of IRATED)
T0 =
Peak load PPEAK = 360W
(= 150% of IRATED)
5)
6)
Tpeak - (DutyCycle x Tpeak)
DutyCycle
=
1s - (0.37 x 1s)
0.37
= 1.7s
Pulse length = 1s, min. pause length = 1.7s
Max. repetition rate = pulse length +pause length = 2.7s
More examples for pulse load compatibility:
P0
PPEAK
T0
TPEA
PPEAK
P0
K
360W
360W
300W
240W
0W
120W
1s
1s
1s
T0
TPEA
K
>25s
>1.3s
> 0,75s
360W
360W
360W
120W
120W
120W
0.1s
1s
3s
>0.16s
>1.6s
>4.9s
27.2. PEAK CURRENT CAPABILITY
Solenoids, contactors and pneumatic modules often have a steady state coil and a pick-up coil. The inrush current demand
of the pick-up coil is several times higher than the steady state current and usually exceeds the nominal output current
(including the Power Boost) The same situation applies, when starting a capacitive load.
Branch circuits are often protected with circuit breakers or fuses. In case of a short or an overload in the branch circuit, the
fuse needs a certain amount of over-current to trip or to blow. The peak current capability ensures the safe operation of
subsequent circuit breakers.
Assuming the input voltage is turned on before such an event, the built-in large sized output capacitors inside the power
supply can deliver extra current. Discharging this capacitor causes a voltage dip on the output. The following two examples
show typical voltage dips:
Fig. 27-3 Peak load 20A for 50ms, typ.
Fig. 27-4 Peak load 40A for 5ms, typ.
Output
Voltage
24V
24V
Output
Voltage
20.5V
40A
20A
Output
Current
0A
15V
Output
Current
0A
1ms/DIV
10ms/DIV
Peak load 20A (resistive) for 50ms
Output voltage dips from 24V to 20.5V.
Peak load 40A (resistive) for 5ms
Output voltage dips from 24V to 15V.
Please note: The DC-OK relay triggers when the voltage dips more than 10% for longer than 1ms.
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Rockwell Automation
1606-XLS240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
27.3. BACK-FEEDING LOADS
Loads such as decelerating motors and inductors can feed voltage back to the power supply. This feature is also called
return voltage immunity or resistance against Back- E.M.F. (Electro Magnetic Force).
This power supply is resistant and does not show malfunctioning when a load feeds back voltage to the power supply. It
does not matter whether the power supply is on or off.
The maximum allowed feed back voltage is 35Vdc. The absorbing energy can be calculated according to the built-in large
sized output capacitor which is specified in chapter 8.
27.4. CHARGING OF BATTERIES
The power supply can be used for float-charging of lead-acid or maintenance free 24V VRLA batteries.
Instructions for charging batteries:
a) Set the output voltage, at disconnected load, very precisely to the end-of-charge voltage according to the expected
battery temperature.
End-of-charge voltage
Battery temperature
b)
c)
d)
e)
27.8V
10°C
27.5V
20°C
27.15V
30°C
26.8V
40°C
Use a 15A or16A circuit breaker (or blocking diode ) between the power supply and the battery.
Ensure that the output current of the power supply is below the allowed charging current of the battery.
Use only matched batteries when putting 12V types in series.
The return current to the power supply is typ. 3mA at 25Vdc when the power supply is switched off (except in case a
blocking diode is utilized).
27.5. OUTPUT CIRCUIT BREAKERS
Standard miniature circuit breakers (MCBs) can be used for branch protection. Ensure that the MCB is rated for DC voltage,
too. The following tests show which circuit breakers the power supply typically trips.
Circuit breakers have huge tolerances in their tripping behavior. Therefore, these typical tests can only be used as a
recommendation or for comparing two different power supplies. Furthermore, the loop impedance has a major influence on
whether a breaker trips or not. Two tests were performed, representing typical situations:
Test 1: Short circuit with S1 on the power supply end of the cable (loop impedance approx. 20mOhm)
Fig. 27-5 Branch protectors, test circuit 1
Circuit
Breaker
I
Power
Supply
AC
+
+
S1
DC -
Load
-
Parameters:
Input voltage:
230Vac, load current:
0A
Tripping time shorter than 5s.
The following circuit breaker tripped during the test:
A- or Z- Characteristic:: equal or smaller 25A
B- Characteristic:
equal or smaller 16A
C- Characteristic:
equal or smaller 13A
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Rockwell Automation
1606-XLS240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
Test 2: Short circuit with S1 on the load end (additional impedance included; represents longer load wire length).
Fig. 27-6 Branch protectors, test circuit 2
Circuit
Breaker
I
Power
Supply
AC
+
R
+
S1
DC -
Parameters:
Input voltage:
230Vac, load current:
0A
Tripping time shorter than 5s.
The following circuit breaker tripped during the test:
A- or Z- Characteristic:: ≤ 16A and R< 82mOhm
B- Characteristic:
≤ 6A and R< 180mOhm
C- Characteristic:
≤ 4A and R< 220mOhm
Load
-
What does this resistance mean in wire length?
2
82mOhm
180mOhm
220mOhm
0.5mm
2.3m
5.0m
6.1m
2
0.7mm
3.2m
7.0m
8.6m
2
1.0mm
4.6m
10.0m
12.3m
2
1.5mm
6.9m
15.0m
18.4m
2
2.5mm
11.4m
25.1m
30.6m
2
4.0mm
18.3m
40.1m
49.0m
Example:
Which wire gauge must be used to trip a B-Characteristic circuit breaker with a rating of 6A? The load wire length is 21m.
Answer: A 6A B-Characteristic circuit breaker requires a loop impedance of less than 180mOhm (test results). The wire
2
length table shows that up to 25.1m wire with a cross section of 2.5mm are below 180mOhm. A wire not smaller than
2
2.5mm shall be used.
27.6. EXTERNAL INPUT PROTECTION
The unit is tested and approved for branch circuits up to 20A. External protection is only required if the supplying branch has
an ampacity greater than this. In some countries local regulations might apply. Check also local codes and local
requirements.
If an external fuse is necessary or utilized, a minimum value is required to avoid undesired tripping of the fuse.
Ampacity
max.
min.
B-Characteristic
20A
6A
C-Characteristic
20A
4A
27.7. PARALLEL USE TO INCREASE OUTPUT POWER
Power supplies can be paralleled to increase the output power.
Fig. 27-7 Schematic for parallel operation
Unit A
AC
DC
+
+
Unit B
AC
DC
Load
+
-
-
Instructions for parallel use:
a) Use only power supplies from the same series (XLS).
b) Adjust the output voltages of all power supplies to approximately
the same value (±500mV). Otherwise, the DC-ok signal might
not work properly.
c)
A fuse (or diode) on the output is only required if more than
three units are connected in parallel.
d) Do not load terminals with more than 25A. Follow wiring
instructions according to section 27.9
e) Keep an installation clearance of 15mm (left/right) between two
power supplies and avoid installing the power supplies on top of
each other.
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Rockwell Automation
1606-XLS240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
27.8. PARALLEL USE FOR REDUNDANCY
Power supplies can be paralleled for redundancy to gain a higher system availability. Redundant systems require a certain
amount of extra power to support the load in case one power supply unit fails. The simplest way is to put two XLS power
supplies in parallel. This is called a 1+1 redundancy. In case one power supply unit fails, the other one is automatically able
to support the load current without any interruption. Redundant systems for a higher power demand are usually built in a
N+1 method. E.g. Five power supplies, each rated for 10A are paralleled to build a 40A redundant system.
Please note: This simple way to build a redundant system does not cover failures such as an internal short circuit in the
secondary side of the power supply. In such a - virtually nearly impossible - case, the defect unit becomes a load for the
other power supplies and the output voltage can not be maintained any more. This can only be avoided by utilizing
decoupling diodes which are included in the decoupling module 1606-XLSRED.
Recommendations for building redundant power systems:
a) Use separate input fuses for each power supply.
b) Monitor the individual power supply units. A DC-ok lamp and a DC-ok contact is already included in the units This
feature reports a faulty unit.
c)
When possible, connect each power supply to different phases or circuits.
d) It is desirable to set the output voltages of all power supplies to the same value to avoid a false DC-ok signal.
27.9. DAISY CHAINING OF OUTPUTS
Daisy chaining (jumping from one power supply output to the next) is allowed as long as the maximum current through one
terminal pin does not exceed 25A. If the current is higher, use a separate distribution terminal block.
Fig. 27-8 Daisy chaining of outputs
Fig. 27-9 Using distribution terminals
max 25A!
+
++
--
++
--
Power
Supply
Power
Supply
Input
Input
++
Load
--
++
--
Power
Supply
Power
Supply
L N PE
L N PE
+
-
Load
Distribution
Terminals
27.10. SERIES OPERATION
The power supply can be put in series to increase the output voltage.
Fig. 27-10 Schematic for series operation
Unit A
AC
DC
+
+
Unit B
AC
DC
Load
+
-
Earth
Instructions for use in series:
a) It is possible to connect as many units in series as needed,
providing the sum of the output voltage does not exceed
150Vdc.
b) Warning ! Voltages with a potential above 60Vdc are not SELV
any more and can be dangerous. Such voltages must be
installed with a protection against touching.
c)
For serial operation use power supplies of the same type.
d) Earthing of the output is required when the sum of the output
voltage is above 60Vdc.
e) Keep an installation clearance of 15mm (left/right) between two
power supplies and avoid installing the power supplies on top of
each other.
Note: Avoid return voltage (e.g. from a decelerating motor or battery)
which is applied to the output terminals.
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Rockwell Automation
1606-XLS240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
27.11. INDUCTIVE AND CAPACITIVE LOADS
The unit is designed to supply any kind of load, including unlimited capacitive and inductive loads.
27.12. OPERATION ON TWO PHASES
Fig. 27-11 Schematic for two phase operation
Power Supply
AC
+15%
max.
L1
240V
L3
L2
L
Fuse
internal
fused
N
PE
DC
Instructions for two phase operation:
a) A phase to phase connection is allowed as long as the
supplying voltage is below 240V(+15%)
b) Use a fuse or a circuit breaker to protect the N input. The N
input is internally not protected and is in this case connected
to a hot wire.
Appropriate fuses or circuit breakers are specified in section 27.6
“External Input Protection”.
27.13. USE IN A TIGHTLY SEALED ENCLOSURE
When the power supply is installed in a tightly sealed enclosure, the temperature inside the enclosure will be higher than
outside. The inside temperature defines the ambient temperature for the power supply.
Results from such an installation:
Power supply is placed in the middle of the box, no other heat producer inside the box
Enclosure:
Typ IP66 Box PK 9519 100, plastic, 180x180x165mm
Load:
24V, 8A; (=80%) load is placed outside the box
Input:
230Vac
Temperature inside enclosure:
48°C (in the middle of the right side of the power supply with a distance of 2cm)
Temperature outside enclosure:
27°C
Temperature rise:
21°C
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Rockwell Automation
1606-XLS240E 24V, 10A; Single Phase Input
27.14. MOUNTING ORIENTATIONS
Mounting orientations other than input terminals on the bottom and output on the top require a reduction in continuous
output power or a limitation in the max. allowed ambient temperature. The amount of reduction influences the lifetime
expectancy of the power supply. Therefore, two different derating curves for continuous operation can be found below:
Curve A1
Recommended output current.
Curve A2
Max allowed output current (results approx. in half the lifetime expectancy of A1).
Fig. 27-12
Mounting
Orientation A
Standard Orientation
Output Current
10A
OUTPUT
A1
7.5
Power
Supply
5
2.5
Ambient Temperature
0
INPUT
10
Fig. 27-13
Mounting
Orientation B
(Upside down)
20
30
40
50
60°C
Output Current
10A
7.5
A2
5
A1
INPUT
Power
Supply
2.5
Ambient Temperature
0
OUTPUT
10
Fig. 27-14
Mounting
Orientation C
(Table-top mounting)
20
30
40
50
60°C
Output Current
10A
7.5
A2
A1
5
2.5
Ambient Temperature
0
10
40
50
60°C
10A
OUTPUT
Power
Supply
7.5
A2
5
A1
2.5
Ambient Temperature
0
10
20
30
40
50
60°C
Output Current
7.5
INPUT
Power
Supply
10A
OUTPUT
Fig. 27-16
Mounting
Orientation E
(Horizontal ccw)
30
Output Current
INPUT
Fig. 27-15
Mounting
Orientation D
(Horizontal cw)
20
A2
A1
5
2.5
Ambient Temperature
0
10
20
30
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40
50
60°C
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