Administrator Guide
GO-GLOBAL
for UNIX
Administrator Guide
For use with version 2.3.1
COPYRIGHT AND TRADEMARK NOTICE
Copyright  1997-2016 GraphOn Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
This document and the software described in it are proprietary products of GraphOn, protected by the copyright laws of the
United States and international copyright treaties. Any reproduction in whole or in part is strictly prohibited without the written
consent of GraphOn. Except as otherwise expressly provided, GraphOn grants no express or implied right under any GraphOn
patents, copyrights, trademarks or other intellectual property rights. Use of GO-Global for UNIX is subject to the terms detailed
in the license agreement accompanying it. GraphOn, GO-Global, and the GraphOn logo are registered trademarks or trademarks
of GraphOn Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other trademarks belong to their respective owners.
An XPM library is used in an unmodified form in accordance with the license granted from Bull Research France.
Portions copyright © 1998-2000 The OpenSSL Project. All rights reserved. This product includes software developed by the
OpenSSL Project for use in the OpenSSL Toolkit (www.openssl.org).
This software is based in part on the work of the Independent JPEG Group.
Open-source software: The GraphOn window manager (gowm) is based on software licensed under the GNU Library General
Public License, version 2. In accordance with that license, the source code to the GraphOn Window Manager is available.
Contact GraphOn if you would like to obtain machine-readable source.
Portions copyright © 1995-1998 Eric Young (eay@cryptsoft.com). All rights reserved. This product includes software written by
Eric Young (eay@cryptsoft.com). This product includes software written by Tim Hudson (tjh@cryptsoft.com). Portions of this
software are copyright © 1996-2002 The FreeType Project (www.freetype.org). All rights reserved.
Information in this document is subject to change without notice. For the latest product documentation, including release notes
and technical notes, visit our web site at http://www.graphon.com.
Printed in the United States of America.
CONTACT INFORMATION
GraphOn Corporation
51 East Campbell Avenue
Suite 128
Campbell, CA 95008
Toll Free: 1.800.GRAPHON
Phone. 408.688.2674
Fax: 408.626.9722
GraphOn
Venture House
Arlington Square
Downshire Way
Bracknell
RG12 1WA
United Kingdom
Phone: +44 1344.206549
Fax: +44 1344.206855
CHAPTER I - Introduction
4
Introducing GO-Global for UNIX
4
Supported Platforms
Server Platforms
Client Platforms
4
4
4
System Requirements
Server System Requirements
Client System Requirements
5
5
5
CHAPTER II - Server Installation
6
Installing the GO-Global Server
6
Web-Enabling GO-Global
Default Configurations and Directory Structure
7
8
Configuring GO-Global
Distribution
8
9
Registration and Licensing
9
Distributing Client User Materials
9
Starting and Stopping the GO-Global Server
9
Uninstalling the Server Software
10
Reinstalling GO-Global for UNIX
10
CHAPTER III - Server Configuration
11
Server Configuration Options
Non-Default Ports
Authentication Methods
goglobalux Script
11
11
12
12
Using GO-Global in an NFS Environment
Using NFS-Mounted Home Directories
Installing GO-Global into a Read-Only NFS Share
14
14
14
Application Publishing
GO-Configure
Publishing a New Application
Disabling Application Publishing by Client Users
Tuning Applications
Description
Paths
Optimizations
Display Options
Permissions
14
15
16
18
18
18
19
19
21
23
License Management
Establishing a Central License Server
Possible FlexNet Publisher Conflict
Stopping and Restarting GO-Global
24
24
25
25
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CHAPTER IV - Client Installation
26
Client Installation
26
Windows Clients
Installing the Windows Client Software
Browser Client
Uninstalling the Windows Client Software
26
26
27
27
CHAPTER V - Using GO-Global Clients
28
Overview
28
Connecting
Authenticating
Starting a Session
Stopping or Suspending a Session
Resuming a Suspended Session
Multiple Connections
Closing a Connection
Running Browser Clients
Setting Proxy Values
28
29
29
31
32
32
32
33
33
Copy and Paste
34
Printing (goprint)
35
File Transfer (goget/goput)
35
Status, Statistics, and Properties
Connection Status
Connection Statistics
Application Properties
37
37
37
37
Launching Applications from a Shortcut
38
Configuring the ActiveX Control
40
CHAPTER VI - Session Configuration
41
Session Configuration
41
Preferences
42
Command-Line Options
43
Working in the XDM Environment
45
Enhancing Session Performance
46
Enhancing Client Security
46
CHAPTER VII – Troubleshooting
47
Log Files
Installation Logs
Master Log
Leader Log
Session Log
syslog
Xerrors
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47
47
47
48
48
48
48
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Client Problem Situations
48
License Management Logging
49
FlexNet Publisher License Error Codes
50
Getting Help (Reporting a Problem)
51
Getting Help (Technical Support)
56
CHAPTER VIII - Advanced Topics
57
Certificates
Certificate Authority
Server Key Certificate
57
57
58
Obtaining a Trusted Server Certificate
58
Creating a Site Certificate Authority
59
Preliminary Considerations
59
Establishing the Certificate Authority
59
Creating a CA Key and Certificate
60
Creating and Signing Server Keys
61
Redundant License Servers
Two-Server Redundancy
Three-Server Redundancy
License File Method
63
63
63
65
Mapping a Locale
65
Mapping a Time Zone
66
Support for Modular Authentication (PAM)
Disabling PAM
66
68
Index
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Page iii
CHAPTER I - Introduction
1
Introducing GO-Global for UNIX
GraphOn’s GO-Global for UNIX software is the thin-client, server-based solution that extends the reach of
UNIX applications without requiring a client-side X server. GO-Global for UNIX enables enterprises,
application service providers (ASPs), and independent software vendors (ISVs) to web-enable complex,
feature-rich applications easily and cost-effectively for access over LANs, WANs, dial-up connections, or the
Internet. GO-Global for UNIX delivers server-based UNIX applications to any display device with virtually no
modifications and without requiring an X server installed on the display device. This guide will help you get
your GO-Global software up and running quickly. It provides instructions for installing, configuring,
customizing, and using the GO-Global Server and client. For the latest GO-Global documentation, including
technical notes and version-specific release notes, please visit our web site at
www.graphon.com/download/documentation.shtml.
Supported Platforms
Server Platforms






Solaris 10 and 11 for SPARC and x86_64
HP-UX 11.x for PA-RISC
HP-UX 11.23 and 11.31 for ia64
Red Hat Enterprise Linux v6.x and v7.x for x86_64
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server v11 SP4 for x86_64 and ia64
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server v12 for x86_64
Client Platforms
Note:

Native Windows client for Windows XP, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, and Windows 10

Firefox 31 ESR or later plug-in for Windows XP, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, and
Windows 10

ActiveX Control for Internet Explorer 11
The web browser clients require that JavaScript be enabled.
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Chapter I
Introduction
System Requirements
Server System Requirements
To install and run the GO-Global Server software, your UNIX host must have at least the following resources
available:

Up to 180 MB disk space on the partition where the product will be installed (the installation program
will tell you how much)

A console X11R6 installation
Client System Requirements
Minimum
Recommended
200 MHz Pentium (or equivalent) processor
300 MHz Pentium II (or equivalent) processor
128 MB RAM
256 MB RAM
640 x 480 x 8-bit (256-color) display
1024 x 768 x 16-bit (65,536-color) display
4 MB free disk space
Table 1.1
4 MB free disk space
These memory and processor requirements correspond to the resources needed to run the initial X session.
Required resources and installation requirements may vary among platforms. Moreover, the number of
client users and the types of applications they run will ultimately determine the system load and resource
demands of GO-Global.
The figures above are meant to provide safe guidelines to ensure that GO-Global does not exceed your
system’s resources. For more information and system-specific statistics, e-mail sales@graphon.com.
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CHAPTER II - Server Installation
2
Installing the GO-Global Server
For simplicity, installation and configuration instructions refer to an environment variable called
$GOGLOBAL_ROOT. This variable represents the directory in which you are installing GO-Global for UNIX.
The default installation directory is /usr/local/graphon, but you may specify a different value during
installation. When $GOGLOBAL_ROOT is used in examples elsewhere in this guide, substitute it with your
actual installation directory.
The following steps outline the installation of the GO-Global software on your UNIX server. These
instructions assume familiarity with the UNIX operating system. If you are uncomfortable using UNIX shell
commands, consult your UNIX operating system documentation or system administrator.
1.
Download the appropriate binary file from GraphOn’s web site. For example: GOGlobal_for_UNIX-RedHat_Enterprise_Linux-7.0-x86_64.bin
2.
If you have copied the file from another server, ensure it is executable. For example:
# chmod u+x GO-Global_for_UNIX-RedHat_Enterprise_Linux-7.0-x86_64.bin
When installing on HP11 in trusted mode, you may also need to specify a umask (e.g., “umask 000”)
before installing.
Note:
3.
Login as root on the UNIX host.
# su
4.
Execute the binary file. For example:
# GO-Global_for_UNIX-RedHat_Enterprise_Linux-7.0-x86_64.bin
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Chapter II
Server Installation
5. On the Enter Data screen, specify values for each of the fields:

GO-Global Directory: The root directory for the GO-Global installation, referred to
as $GOGLOBAL_ROOT.

Non-Privileged FlexNet Publisher user: This user is used to run the FlexNet
Publisher license management system. This should be a non-superuser account. By
default, this is the flexlm user.
6. You will be given the opportunity to restore a backup of a previous installation. If no previous
installation exists, select Don’t Restore.
7. The installer will also try to automatically obtain your license code. Use the Product Code that shipped
with your GO-Global product. If your machine is unable to contact the GraphOn license server, follow
the steps outlined in Registration and Licensing below.
8. GO-Global starts when installation is completed. To verify the software is running, examine the list of
processes for the GO-Global Login Daemon, gold:
# ps -aef |
grep gold
If you did not obtain a license, the software will not automatically start and will need to be manually
started after you have obtained the license. To manually start the software execute:
# $GOGLOBAL_ROOT/etc/goglobalux start
Notes:
If you are installing GO-Global on a system that previously did not support X display users, your system
may need to be configured to allow more active processes and open files per user. This may require
increasing the size of the process table and the file table for your UNIX system. You should also ensure
that virtual memory has been specified in your system configurations and ensure that enough resources
have been allocated for the number of supported clients.
This completes the minimum server installation.
If a license was not retrieved during installation, you can manually obtain your license using the getlicense
utility. To start the utility execute: # ${GOGLOBAL_ROOT}/etc/getlicense. You will be prompted for contact
information, presented with the GO-Global License Agreement, and prompted for your server’s
identification number. Once all information is entered, getlicense obtains the license and saves it to your
machine. (To obtain a license, an Internet connection is required.)
Web-Enabling GO-Global
Web-enabling the GO-Global software allows end-users to use a web browser to initiate a GO-Global
session. When configuring GO-Global for the web, the GO-Global host must have access to a machine with
an HTML server. Because of the variety of web servers and the diversity of possible configurations, there is
no one right way to web-enable GO-Global. Copy or symbolically link the contents of
$GOGLOBAL_ROOT/htdocs to your web server’s document root directory, or configure your web server
to include these files for distribution.
When a user browses to index.html, GO-Global determines which web browser has requested data and
returns the appropriate GO-Global software to the client machine.
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Server Installation
Default Configurations and Directory Structure
The following instructions assume you are using the Apache web server and are familiar with how it is
configured. Other web servers provide comparable structures. If you are not familiar with your web server's
configurations, contact your system administrator or vendor for additional information.
Software
Default Directory
$(GOGLOBAL_ROOT)/htdocs
/usr/local/apache/htdocs
GO-Global
Apache
If you have used directories other than the defaults, substitute these in the instructions below. GO-Global
provides a client plugin for Mozilla Firefox and an ActiveX control for Internet Explorer. When these
browsers open default.html, the appropriate browser-specific GO-Global software is automatically
downloaded.
Configuring GO-Global
In order to web-enable the GO-Global host, the web pages created when you installed GO-Global need to
be copied or linked from your GO-Global directory to your web server directory. There are two methods for
achieving this. The first method requires creating a symbolic link. If your HTML server is not configured to
enable symbolic links, you must use the second method.
Method 1: Creating a symbolic link
Assuming default installations of GO-Global and Apache, execute the following as root to
symbolically link your GO-Global software to your web server:
ln -s /usr/local/graphon/htdocs
/usr/local/apache/htdocs/goglobal
Method 2: Copying the contents of /usr/local/graphon/htdocs
Assuming default installations of GO-Global and Apache, copy the contents of
$(GOGLOBAL_ROOT)/htdocs into /usr/local/apache/htdocs/goglobal.
To simplify administration, the creation of a “goglobal” subdirectory is recommended.
$ su
# cd /usr/local/apache/htdocs
# mkdir goglobal
# cd goglobal
# cp $(GOGLOBAL_ROOT)/htdocs/* .
The following is a complete list of files required for web-enabling GO-Global:
Administrator Guide

IPviewer.html

Iplugin.cab

NPinstall.html

NPviewer.html

Nplugin.jar

default.html

globals.js

go_setup_2_2_x_xxx.exe

goglobal_ux.cab

index.html

splash.gif

docs (directory)
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Chapter II
Server Installation
Distribution
To distribute GO-Global to end-users, provide one of the following:

Instructions to browse to http://[host_DNS]/goglobal/index.html

A web page with a link to http://[host_DNS]/goglobal/index.html
Registration and Licensing
The GO-Global Server will not run until you have registered your software and received a license. If the
installer did not automatically retrieve your license during installation, follow these steps:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Obtain your Host ID:
# cat $GOGLOBAL_ROOT/etc/hostid.txt
Obtain the Product Code that shipped with GO-Global.
Go to http://license.graphon.com to register your GO-Global software. Enter the Product Code,
Host Name, and Host ID. If you are unable to register online, please e-mail
licenses@graphon.com, or call 800-GRAPHON between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. PST. Outside the U.S.
and Canada, please call 408-688-2674.
Having completed registration, you will receive a data file called license.dat, which must be moved
to your $GOGLOBAL_ROOT/etc directory.
# mv license.dat $GOGLOBAL_ROOT/etc
After installing license.dat, GO-Global must be restarted. This is also true whenever license.dat is
edited.
# $GOGLOBAL_ROOT/etc/goglobalux restart
Distributing Client User Materials
The GO-Global Client suite is included in the htdocs directory, and can be used to distribute the appropriate
clients directly to end-users. Native Windows and UNIX clients can be downloaded for native installations.
Web-based installations only need to browse to the URL of the htdocs directory. The following table
summarizes with examples:
Windows Client
go_setup_version.exe
UNIX Clients
GO-Global_for_UNIX-platform.bin
Browser-based clients
The URL of your htdocs directory, http://host/goglobal/htdocs
Table 2.1
When a client connects to the web server, the browser type is detected and the appropriate version of the
client is used automatically.
Starting and Stopping the GO-Global Server
To start the GO-Global Server, issue the following command:
# $GOGLOBAL_ROOT/etc/goglobalux start
The start command executes the following processes:

Administrator Guide
The GO-Global Login Daemon, gold
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Chapter II
Server Installation

The GO-Global License Manager Daemon, lmgrd
To stop the GO-Global Server, issue the following command:
# $GOGLOBAL_ROOT/etc/goglobalux stop
Uninstalling the Server Software
Uninstall the GO-Global for UNIX software by running $GOGLOBAL_ROOT/uninstall. Doing so erases
all GO-Global for UNIX files. You will be given the opportunity to back up the following files:
Name
Function
license.dat
Enables connections and license management
goglobalux
The start/stop script with local host configuration data
masterlog.conf
leaderlog.conf
sessionlog.conf
The configuration files for the GO-Global Server’s logging
xmldb.conf
The configuration for the GO-Global Server’s database
gold.conf
Configuration options for the GO-Global Server
Table 2.2
You will be prompted for the directory where you would like to store these files. Provide the full path. The
files will be saved in a subdirectory named goglobal_save.date.
Reinstalling GO-Global for UNIX
Before you reinstall or upgrade GO-Global for UNIX, uninstall your previous version to backup critical files
and the GO-Global database. To do this, follow the uninstalling directions above.
During the reinstallation, you will be prompted to restore your saved files and database information.
Restoring these files will enable you to continue to use the saved database and configuration files.
Some of the information contained in the database will contain paths to the installation directory. When
restoring a saved database, you will need to perform the reinstallation into the same path as the uninstalled
version was located.
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CHAPTER III - Server Configuration
3
Server Configuration Options
To perform authentication and manage sessions, GO-Global for UNIX uses the GraphOn Login Daemon
(gold). On startup, gold reads up to four sources of configuration parameters. Options from each successive
source override the corresponding values set in previous sources. Administrators are free to modify any
configuration source, but it is recommended that changes be limited to the configuration file. The sources
are read in the following order:
1.
Environment Variables
2.
$GOGLOBAL_ROOT/etc/goglobalux startup script
3.
Command-line options
4.
Options specified within $GOGLOBAL_ROOT/etc/gold.conf
Non-Default Ports
To set gold’s port to other than the standard of 491, edit the tcpport value in the
$GOGLOBAL_ROOT/etc/gold.conf configuration file. Change the value to the new port number for
GO-Global connections, then save the file. For example:
tcpport=492
Client users will have to specify the new port in the Connection dialog’s Server Address field, or on the
command-line when they log in, by following the server name with a colon and the new port number. For
example:
myserver:492
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Server Configuration
Authentication Methods
GO-Global supports the following authentication methods:,

pam – supported on Solaris, Linux, and HP-UX 11. This method attempts to use the
system’s Pluggable Authentication Modules configuration to authenticate. This is
usually the best option, and is the default.

pass – supported on all platforms. This method attempts to authenticate directly
against the system’s /etc/passwd or /etc/shadow files.

aix – supported on AIX only. This method uses the AIX LAM architecture to
authenticate. This architecture is similar to PAM, but is an AIX-specific variant of it.
Authentication methods are specified via the --auth configuration option, documented below.
goglobalux Script
The gold daemon is run by the shell script $GOGLOBAL_ROOT/etc/goglobalux. This script is
generated during installation and establishes the default operating parameters for the GO-Global Login
Daemon, gold ($GOGLOBAL_ROOT/bin/gold). If you need to modify this script, please back up the
original.
goglobalux declares the following shell variables:
Variable
Function
$GOGLOBAL_ROOT
Full path to the GO-Global root directory. Default = /usr/local/graphon
$FLEXNET_LOGFILE
Location of license manager log files. Default = /dev/null
$GOLD_EXTRA_OPTIONS
Used to specify additional options to gold, if necessary.
$FLEXNET_USER
Owner of the lmgrd and graphon licensing daemons. Default = flexlm
FLEXNET_SHELL
Specifies the shell used by FLEXNET_USER. This can be
set here in the event that the script cannot automatically determine it,
and is used to decide how to redirect the FlexNet Publisher output into
the FLEXNET_LOGFILE.
Table 3.1
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Server Configuration
gold can take the following arguments:
Short
Option
Long Option
-h
--help
Prints usage and exits
-v
--version
Prints version and exits
-d
--daemon
Run gold as a daemon
false
-f
--forkmaintenance
Run gold maintenance in a
child process
true
-p
--tcpport port
GOLD_TCP_PORT
gold TCP port number
491
-s
--sslport port
GOLD_SSL_PORT
gold SSL port number
791
-E
--no_explicit_suspend
Disables user-initiated
suspending of sessions
Users may
suspend
sessions
-S
--suspend_age minutes
Maximum time sessions
are allowed to be
suspended before being
terminated
-1 (infinite)
GOLD_MAINTENANCE
How often maintenance
should be performed
30
GOLD_CONNECTIVITY_
TIMEOUT
Expire a
connection if no
communication within this
interval (-1=never)
60
Authentication method to
use (pam, pass, etc)
pam
Expire a connection if no
user mouse/keystrokes
within this interval
(0=never)
0
-M
--maintenance_interval
seconds
- --connectivity_timeout
T <seconds>
Environment Variable
GOLD_SUSPEND_AGE
- --auth <auth_type>
A
Function
Default
- --idle_timeout <minutes>
I
GOLD_IDLE_TIMEOUT
- --pid_path <path>
P
GOLD_PID_PATH
Use the specified path for
recording process IDs
$(GOGLOBAL_
ROOT)/run/gol
d-$(HOSTNAME)
.pid
- --lock_path <path>
L
GOLD_LOCK_PATH
Use the specified path for
recording lock files
$(GOGLOBAL_
ROOT)/run
Table 3.2
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Server Configuration
Using GO-Global in an NFS Environment
GO-Global supports operating over NFS shares in two different ways: users’ home directories can be located
on NFS shares, and a single GO-Global installation can be shared across several hosts by installing it into an
NFS share. In order to support these scenarios, changes will need to be made to the default GO-Global
configuration.
Using NFS-Mounted Home Directories
The gold maintenance process runs periodically to perform routine cleanup tasks on users’ personal GOGlobal databases. This process runs as root, and must be able to write to the user database files. By default,
these files are located in the user’s home directory, as specified by the userdb parameter of
$(GOGLOBAL_ROOT)/etc/xmldb.conf. Please note that this configuration can cause significant
performance problems on the server if the users' home directories are automounted. This path should be
modified to point to a location that is writable by root as well as the user (owner) of the database. GraphOn
recommends a directory with 1777 permissions. Note that if this location is shared among multiple GOGlobal hosts, users will be prompted to resume sessions that were suspended on any host in the cluster
regardless of which host they are actually connected to. (Verify that write access by root is allowed on the
NFS server, as this is not the default NFS setting.) While this scenario is supported and will successfully
resume the session, this behavior can be suppressed by including $(HOSTNAME) in the userdb
specification.
For example, in xmldb.conf, set userdb = $(GOGLOBAL_ROOT)/db/$(USER).db.
Next, create $GOGLOBAL_ROOT/db/ and change its permissions to 1777.
Note:
Placing the master database onto an NFS share is not supported, even if the NFS share is writable.
Simultaneous updates to the database can cause database to become corrupted.
Installing GO-Global into a Read-Only NFS Share
Once installed and configured, GO-Global can be run from a read-only NFS directory shared among multiple
GO-Global hosts. To allow for this, changes to the default configuration are required. The master database
will need to be moved to a location that will not be read-only, as specified by the otherdb parameter of
$(GOGLOBAL_ROOT)/etc/xmldb.conf.
There are also two path parameters in $(GOGLOBAL_ROOT)/etc/gold.conf that need to point to writable
locations: pid_path (specifying the file into which the master gold's process ID is written); and lock_path
(denoting a host-specific directory for lock files).
For example,
In ${GOGLOBAL_ROOT}/etc/xmldb.conf, change otherdb to:
/usr/local/etc/gold-$(HOSTNAME).db
In ${GOGLOBAL_ROOT}/etc/gold.conf, change pid_path to:
/usr/local/etc/gold.pid
In ${GOGLOBAL_ROOT}/etc/gold.conf, change lock_path to:
/var/tmp/goglobal/
Note Placing the master database on an NFS share is not supported.
Application Publishing
The GO-Global installation process will scan the system for commonly used X11 applications, such as CDE,
Gnome, KDE, xterm, etc. Any applications found on the system are automatically published and available to
all client users.
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Server Configuration
Before client users can access a custom UNIX application directly, the GO-Global Server must be configured
to publish the application using the GO-Global configuration utility, GO-Configure. Once published, the
client will display the name of each application with an icon.
GO-Configure
The GO-Global application publishing database is stored in two parts. A system-wide database, consisting of
all the applications that users are allowed to run, as determined by the system administrator, is published in
${GOGLOBAL_ROOT}/etc/${HOSTNAME}.db. This database has UNIX file permissions that make it
editable only by the root user.
Individual users each have their own personal database. This database maintains information about a user's
running and suspended sessions, as well as any applications published by the user. Such published
applications are only available to the specific user that published them. The user-specific databases are
located in $(HOME)/.graphon/$(USER).db.
Practically speaking, this means that applications that are published in the system-wide database are only
editable by the owner of that file, while individual users are free to publish their own applications in their
personal databases. If a user tries to edit a published application in the system-wide database, they will be
given the option to edit a “personal” copy of the item instead.
The database file locations can be modified by editing $(GOGLOBAL_ROOT)/etc/xmldb.conf.
GO-Configure can be run at the server’s console, as follows:
# cd $GOGLOBAL_ROOT/bin
# ./go-configure
You can also launch GO-Configure from within a GO-Global client, as follows:
1.
2.
3.
Administrator Guide
Connect to the server from the client.
Log in as root to publish to all users, or as a user to publish personal applications.
Double-click GO-Configure.
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Server Configuration
Publishing a New Application
The GO-Global Application Configuration program helps you publish a new application with its initial,
essential configuration data.
To publish a new application
1.
2.
3.
Launch GO-Configure, either from the UNIX command-line on the GO-Global Server or from
within a GO-Global client.
Select Program, then New Item. The GO-Global Application Configuration program opens.
Choose the type of session you are creating:

A single application in its own window. (Also known as multiple-window mode.)

A session where all programs run in the same window. (Also known as singlewindow mode.)
Type of Session: Multiple-Window or Single-Window
In a multiple-window session, each application appears in an independent window. That is, the window is
controlled by its own X window manager (an instance of GraphOn’s GO Window Manager, gowm) and will
not be dependent on any other application’s session to stay open. This provides a more native feel for the
applications, as they behave like applications run locally.
When running in multiple-window mode, it is possible for multiple applications to be running in the same
session. While multiple-window mode is often desirable, it is important to remember which applications
belong to a session, because closing the parent window will cause all the child windows to close, too. For
example, if you were to launch a web browser from the command line in an xterm window, closing the
xterm window would also close the web browser. All applications and windows belonging to a particular
multiple-window session are listed with the session name Multiple Window Session(gowm). To
suspend one or more applications running in multi-window mode, look for an entry titled Multiple
Window Session(gowm) rather than the name(s) of the application(s) in the list of Running Sessions.
In a single-window session, all applications launched in the session appear in a single window, not in
independent windows. This mode is ideal for remoting the entire UNIX desktop and simulating a console
session. The CDE, Gnome, and KDE applications that come pre-published in GO-Global operate in singlewindow mode.
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4.
5.
Click Next.
Specify the Display Size. (This screen applies to single-window sessions only. Otherwise, skip to
step 7.) The size defaults to the client desktop, filling the available display. Otherwise, specify the
height and width of the client application window.
6.
7.
Click Next.
Command Line: Type the full path of the application to be published, or browse to it. Include any
necessary command-line options.
8.
Click Next.
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9.
Type a Name for your application. This will appear with the application icon in the user’s list of
published applications.
10. Click Finish to complete the application-publishing procedure and close the GO-Global Application
Configuration program.
Disabling Application Publishing by Client Users
If the administrator does not want client users to be able to publish applications for themselves, they must
deny access to the GO-Configure application itself.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Login as root.
Launch GO-Configure.
Right-click the GO-Configure icon and select Edit Item.
On the Permissions tab, Deny permission to the users and/or groups that should not be able to
publish applications.
Click OK.
Tuning Applications
The preset configurations of an application published with the GO-Global Application Configuration
program provide good, generic parameters. GO-Configure, the GO-Global configuration utility, can fine-tune
published applications and sessions to enhance performance.
To edit an existing application
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Connect to the GO-Global Server as the owner of the application to be edited.
Launch GO-Configure.
Right-click the icon of the application to be edited.
Select Edit item.
As necessary, edit the fields on the five tabs of the Edit Settings screen, as described below.
Description
Administrator Guide

Name: The name of the published application, as displayed in the client’s list.

Description: A brief description of the application.

Command Line: The UNIX command line that invokes the application. Include full
path and any necessary command line options.

Icon: The icon to be published with the application. It will appear with the Name in
the client’s list.

Run this item in its own X session: See the section above titled, Type of Session:
Multiple-Window or Single-Window.
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Paths

Prefixed/Appended Font Path: Prefix or append X font directories to the font path.
If a path contains a space, enclose it in double-quotes. Paths cannot contain
commas.

Keytables Path: The absolute path to the directory containing the region- and
language-specific keyboard keytable files. Default =
$GOGLOBAL_ROOT/etc/keytables.
Optimizations
The Optimizations tab has many checkboxes that have a “tri-state” functionality. When a checkbox shows
an empty box, that feature is disabled and will never be turned on. When the checkbox shows a check on a
white background, that feature is enabled and will always be turned on. When the checkbox shows a
grayed-out checkmark, the feature is effectively not specified and may be turned on or off depending on the
default settings. This state can be used to prevent the launch of an additional X server for each application
when running in multiple window mode. For example, the application shown below requires that Client
Back Buffer be enabled, but will run in any session, regardless of whether Multidepth (or Backing Store,
etc.) are enabled.
Administrator Guide

Multidepth: This option causes the server to provide both an 8-bit pseudocolor
default visual and a 16-, 24-, or 32-bit true color visual simultaneously. The server
can do this only for a native Windows client that is running a display of 16-bit color
or higher. Off by default.

Backing Store: Used to disable backing store and save-unders. Primarily for
debugging. If a problem with the backing store support is suspected, it can be
turned off. Leave On for general operation. On by default.
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Server Configuration

Server Back Buffer: Maintains a server-side version of the client display. This option
may slow the server but can increase the performance of certain applications
reliant on this reverse data exchange. See the section titled, Enhancing Session
Performance. Off by default.

Client Back Buffer: Used for repainting and drawing correctly in 8-bit color. This
option can slow drawing and is unnecessary over a LAN. On by default.

Obscurity Messages: With this option on, when a session is completely covered or
minimized, it tells the server to stop painting. This conserves bandwidth but also
causes the client to pause when the session is unobscured, while the server
repaints everything. On by default.

Adaptive Tuning: Enables application configurations to be optimized for
transmission based on the bandwidth and latency of the server-client connection.
On by default.

Java Swing Optimization: Optimizes the performance of Swing applications. Off by
default.

Mouse Compression: Determines how frequently in milliseconds the GO-Global
client sends mouse data to the server when the mouse button is up or down.
Lower numbers provide better responsiveness but consume more bandwidth.
Defaults are 40 when the button is down and 150 when the button is up.

Mouse Wheel: Configured differently depending on the application. Up / Down
Arrow: Rolling the mouse wheel up acts as if the up arrow were pressed. Rolling
the mouse wheel down acts as if the down arrow were pressed. Button 4 / 5:
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Rolling the mouse wheel up sends a Button4 message. Rolling the mouse wheel
down sends a Button5 message.
Tip:
Modern X applications treat Button4 and Button5 as scroll-wheel events, and when running such
applications this is the preferred setting. Older applications that predate scroll wheels tend to work
better when GO-Global maps the scroll wheel into Up/Down keypresses. Choose the setting that fits your
application(s) best.

Cache Compression: Determines whether data in the GO-Global client's cache is
com-pressed. On by default.

Cache Size: Specifies the maximum size of the client cache. 16 MB by default.

Extra Server Options: Allows additional options to be called when the server
publishes the application. None by default.

Display: Determines the mode in which the application is displayed on the client.

Use Multiple-Window Mode: Application windows appear the size of the
published application, with their own title bar and minimize, maximize, and close
buttons.

Use Client Display Settings: The settings of the client display device are used;
particularly appropriate for remoting a desktop session.

Use These Display Settings: The application will appear in a window with the
dimensions defined by Display Size.

Display Size: Maximum display dimensions of the application. Default depends on
Display mode: Multiple-window Mode defaults to the size of the client’s display,
Client Display Settings defaults to full screen.
Display Options
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
Display Depth: Display depth, in bits, for the application. Defaults depend on the
client’s display depth setting:
Client Depth
Session Depth
8
8
16
24
24
24
32
24
Table 3.2

DPI: Dots per inch of the display. Used in configuring the X server. Higher DPI
provides higher resolution drawing but also consumes more bandwidth. Default is
75.

XDM Mode: Selects mode of XDM login.
None: No XDM mode.
Direct: Directs an XDM request to the XDMCP host.
Indirect: Provides a list of all servers available to the XDMCP host, from which the client may
choose a session.
Broadcast: Searches for all available XDMCP hosts, then initiates an X session and logs in to
the first XDMCP host that responds.

XDMCP Host: The IP address or name of the XDM host to solicit for Direct mode.

Terminate after one session: Terminates the connection after the first session
exits.
Permissions

Default Permission: Selects whether a user should be allowed or denied access to the item if
there is no explicit permission listed for that user and if there are no explicit permissions listed for
any of the groups to which the user belongs. The default permission is also used when a user
belongs to multiple groups that have conflicting permissions.

Allow: Add a user or group that has permission to use the application.

Deny: Add a user or group that does not have permission to use the application.

Remove: Deletes the selected user or group from the Add or Deny category.
To publish an item to one or more specific users or groups, denying all others, grant the Allow permission to
the desired user(s) and/or group(s) and set the default permission to Deny.
The permissions model allows for some complex scenarios. In the following example, an organization’s
system includes six groups: consultants, employees, sales, marketing, engineering, and admin. Users belong
to either the consultants group or the employees group. Users also belong to a department group (either
sales, marketing, engineering, or admin). To publish an item to all employees (excluding consultants), but
not allow members of the sales group to access it, set the default permission to Deny, grant employees the
Allow permission, and grant sales the Deny permission. Even though some of the users in the sales group
belong to the employees group, they will be assigned the default permission (Deny, in this case) because
they belong to groups with conflicting permissions.
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License Management
GO-Global uses Flexera’s FlexNet Publisher to provide license management. For most configurations,
licensing should be invisible after the license file is installed during registration. Certain sites or
configurations may require implementation of specialized licensing schemes to meet their needs. The
following guidelines are not exhaustive.
For more information on FlexNet Publisher, refer to the License Administrator Guide, available at
http://www.globes.com/support/fnp_utilities_download.htm#downloads
Establishing a Central License Server
By establishing a central license server, you enable multiple servers to make use of a single license.
To establish a central license server
1.
2.
3.
4.
Choose a machine to act as the license server.
Install the FLEXnet Publisher license on the license server as
$GOGLOBAL_ROOT/etc/license.dat..
Make a copy of license.dat. Name it client.license.dat.
# cp license.dat client.license.dat
Edit client.license.dat, replacing the VENDOR, INCREMENT, and HOSTID lines with
USE_SERVER. The resulting file should read:
SERVER hostname.domain.com hostid
USE_SERVER
(The SERVER line must be exactly the same as in license.dat on the license server.)
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5.
Use ftp to copy client.license.dat to $GOGLOBAL_ROOT/etc/license.dat on each
GO-Global Server that will need access to the license. For example:
# ftp -u goglobal otherserver1
ftp> (provide goglobal’s password)
ftp> cd /usr/local/graphon/etc
ftp> put client.license.dat license.dat
ftp> close
ftp> open otherserver2
(etc.)
If a license was not retrieved during installation, you can manually obtain your license using the
getlicense utility.
To start the utility execute: # ${GOGLOBAL_ROOT}/etc/getlicense.
You will be prompted for contact information, presented with the GO-Global License Agreement, and
prompted for your server’s identification number. Once all information is entered, getlicense obtains
the license and saves it to your machine. (To obtain a license, an Internet connection is required.)
Possible FlexNet Publisher Conflict
If other server programs or applications use FlexNet Publisher licensing manager, you may not be able to
activate your GO-Global license. To circumvent this problem, you may specify a unique port number for
your GO-Global license server. At the end of the SERVER line in license.dat, add a space and the
number of the license port to be used. For example:
SERVER hostname.domain.com HOSTID 27009
will establish a GO-Global license server using port 27009.
Stopping and Restarting GO-Global
Any time you modify license.dat while GO-Global is running, you will need to stop and restart
GO-Global by issuing the following command:
# $GOGLOBAL_ROOT/etc/goglobalux stop
# $GOGLOBAL_ROOT/etc/goglobalux start
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CHAPTER IV - Client Installation
4
Client Installation
The GO-Global client software can be installed and run in two ways:


Windows native client — download and install
Windows and UNIX browser client (plug-in)
Windows Clients
As the administrator, you need to decide how you are going to distribute the client software, as well as how
you will distribute future upgrades. The native clients (installed or plug-in) take advantage of the operating
system of the client computer and should be used. The following questions need to be answered:

Can your users install or use the client from the web?

Can your users do their own installations and also reinstall upgrades?
Requires a
web server
Requires user to install
client and upgrades
Standard Windows Client
No
Yes
Browser Client
Yes
No
Table 4.1
Installing the Windows Client Software
GO-Global client software is downloaded or copied to the client via FTP or some other means. An
installation program provides step-by-step instructions for installation and setup. The default installation
directory for the client software is C:\Program Files\GO-Global for UNIX v2.3\.
To install the Windows Client Software
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Administrator Guide
Download the software.
Run go_setup_version.exe.
Select Run from its current location.
Follow the instructions of the installation program.
Click Start | Programs | GraphOn | GO-Global for UNIX 2.3 | GO-Global for UNIX.
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Browser Client
The browser client opens a GO-Global connection without installing any permanent client software. When
making a connection to a GO-Global Server via a browser, the particular client implementation depends on
your specific browser. For example, if you connect using Internet Explorer, the ActiveX Control is loaded.
Mozilla users will see the GO-Global Mozilla Plug-in.
Uninstalling the Windows Client Software
If you installed the GO-Global client with the web installer or downloaded it, an uninstall program is part of
your installation.
To uninstall the Windows Client Software
1.
2.
3.
4.
Administrator Guide
On the Windows Start menu, select Settings, then Control Panel.
Double-click Add/Remove Programs.
From the list of installed programs, double-click GO-Global for UNIX 2.3.0.
Select Remove, then click Next.
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5
Overview
A GO-Global connection links the client to the server. Once authenticated, a user can start a session by
launching applications or desktop environments. The following overview outlines the steps to connect and
start a session.
1.
Launch the client. Depending on how the client was installed and the type of client, you may need
to double-click its icon on the Desktop, select it from the Start menu, or connect to a certain web
page.
2.
Connect to the server. Enter the Server Address (host name or IP address) of the server, and click
Connect.
3.
Authenticate. Type a Username and Password for the server, and click OK.
4.
Start a session. Choosing from the displayed list of published applications, double-click the
application’s icon or right-click it and select Launch.
Connecting
GO-Global uses a network connection between the client and server for servicing protocol requests. To
open a new connection, go the Connection menu and select Open. The Connection dialog appears. A list of
recent connections is preserved on the client machine and available in the drop-down list. The same list is
available by going to the Connection menu and selecting Recent Connections.
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The Server Address is either the host name by which the machine is identified on the network or the
numeric IP address of the host machine. To establish a GO-Global connection using the standard port (491)
and standard transport mode (unencrypted TCP/IP), only the host name is required.
Over each connection, you can run one or more sessions and you can open additional connections, whether
to the same or to different GO-Global Servers.
Authenticating
As part of establishing a connection, the server requests authentication credentials. Typically, these are in
the form of a username and password. For specific information on what is required with your
implementation, contact your system administrator.
1.
2.
Type your Username and Password.
Press Enter or click OK to proceed.
By default, username and password are not saved on the client machine, because this would allow
bypassing of the Authentication screen.
Starting a Session
Upon establishing a connection to a GO-Global Server, a list of available applications will be displayed in the
main window. These may include:
Administrator Guide

X desktop sessions

X applications

The GO-Configure application publishing utility
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Launching any of these applications starts a GO-Global session. Basically, a session is an instance of an
application running over a connection. There are two types of session: multiple-window and singlewindow.
To start a session (launch an application), double-click the application’s icon or right-click the icon and select
Launch.
The Connection menu yields the following information on server connections and sessions:
Note:
Administrator Guide

Current Connections: Connections that have been opened to servers and are
currently running. Each connection is represented by a tab between the menu bar
and the list of published applications.

Recent Connections: Lists the last five server connections made from this client.

Running Sessions: Lists all sessions that are currently active between the client and
all connected servers.

Suspended Sessions: Lists all sessions that have been opened and subsequently
suspended. Though these are not active (running) sessions, neither are they
stopped sessions. They can be resumed at any time without having to relaunch the
associated application(s).
Application icons can be dragged from the client window to the desktop, creating a shortcut with all the
associated launch parameters.
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Stopping or Suspending a Session
When you want to end a session, you will have the option of either stopping it (terminating both the display
running on the client and the application running on the server) or just suspending it (terminating the
display running on the client but leaving the application running in a “sleeping” state on the server).
To stop or suspend a session
1.
On the Connection menu, click Running Sessions, and then click the identifier of the session you
want to stop or suspend. The following dialog appears:
2.
Make your selection:

Suspend disconnects the client session from the X server, but the associated
processes continue to run on the GO-Global host. Suspended sessions can be
resumed at any time. This is especially useful if you need to shut down the client
but want to resume the session where you left off. All windows associated with a
session will be suspended; none will be stopped. For example, if you are running a
CDE session, when you resume it, all the applications within it that were running
will reappear just as you left them when you suspended the session.
Note:
Administrator Guide
The contents of the server clipboard are not preserved when suspending a session. The contents will be
lost as if the session were stopped.

Stop closes the client session and closes all X applications and associated processes
on the GO-Global host. It may also close other processes that are running in
conjunction with the closed client session. Note that all windows associated with a
session are stopped.

Cancel simply dismisses the dialog and returns to the main window with no affect.
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Resuming a Suspended Session
To resume a suspended session
1.
On the Connection menu, click Suspended Sessions, and then click the identifier of the
session you want to resume. The following dialog appears:
2.
Make your selection:

Resume reconnects the client session to the X server, and the session reappears
just as it did when you suspended it.

Stop closes the client session and closes all X applications and associated processes
on the GO-Global Server. It may also close other processes that are running in
conjunction with the closed client session.

Cancel simply dismisses the dialog and continues to the next dialog or to the GOGlobal client main window, without affecting any suspended sessions. If you select
Cancel for any session, you can still resume that session later.
You will get this dialog for each suspended session. Make a selection for each session.
You will also be prompted to resume sessions upon reconnecting to a server where you have suspended
sessions.
Note:
Multiple Connections
Multiple connections may be created from a single client. These connections may be to the same or
different GO-Global Servers, but if they are to the same server, different usernames must be used when
making the additional connections.
To move between servers, click the tab representing the server you want to access.
Closing a Connection
Closing a GO-Global client connection stops the transfer of all data between the client and server. It does
not necessarily stop the application running on the server. Upon closing a connection, you are prompted to
either stop or suspend all of the sessions that are running over that connection.
To close a connection
1.
2.
Administrator Guide
Click on the tab representing the connection you want to close.
On the Connection menu, select Close. The following dialog appears:
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3.
Make your selection:

Suspend disconnects the client session from the X server, but the associated processes
continue to run on the GO-Global host. Suspended sessions can be resumed at any time. This
is especially useful if you need to shut down the client but want to resume the session where
you left off. All windows associated with a session will be suspended; none will be stopped.
For example, if you are running a CDE session, when you resume it, all the applications within
it that were running will reappear just as you left them when you suspended the session.

Stop closes the client session and closes all X applications and associated processes on the
GO-Global host. It may also close other processes that are running in conjunction with the
closed client session. Note that all windows associated with a session are stopped.

Cancel simply dismisses the dialog and returns to the main window with no affect.
Running Browser Clients
There is no installation necessary for the web browser client on Windows. This client opens a GO-Global
connection without installing any permanent client software.
1.
2.
3.
Open a web browser.
Enter the GO-Global Server’s URL, provided by the system administrator, in the browser’s
Location or Address field, and press Enter.
When prompted to grant permission, do so, provided the request specifies GraphOn Corporation
or another familiar source.
Setting Proxy Values
If your LAN uses a firewall to shield it from the Internet, your web browser may need to go through a proxy
server before accessing the Internet. A proxy server is a computer on your LAN that provides additional
security between your computer and the Internet. If your LAN uses a proxy server to connect to the
Internet, you need to provide your web browser with the name of the proxy server and the number of the
port at which your browser needs to connect to it.
Ask your system administrator whether you need to set proxy values for your browser. If you do, enter the
information according to the following instructions.
In Mozilla Firefox
1. From the Edit menu, click Preferences | Advanced | Proxies.
2. Select one of the following options:

Administrator Guide
If you don't have to go through a proxy, select Direct Connection to the Internet.
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
If you do have to go through a proxy, and your system administrator has set up a proxy
configuration file, select Automatic proxy configuration, then enter the URL.

If there is a proxy server, but there is no proxy configuration file, select Manual proxy
configuration, then click View. There may be more than one proxy server. For each network
service (HTTP, FTP, etc.), type the name or IP address, and port number, of the server
running proxy software. Under Exceptions, type the names of any domains or servers that
you can connect to directly, bypassing the proxy (for example, your company's internal
domain or specific computers on your LAN). Use commas to separate names.
In Internet Explorer
1.
From the Tools menu, click Internet Options | Connections | LAN Settings.
2.
Select one of the following options:

If you don't have to go through a proxy, check only the Automatically detect settings box.

If do have to go through a proxy, and your system administrator has set up a proxy
configuration file, check only the Automatic configuration script box, then enter the
Address (URL).

If there is a proxy server, but there is no proxy configuration file, select Use a proxy server,
then enter the Address (name or IP address) and Port number of the proxy server. If
different proxy servers are used for different network service (HTTP, FTP, etc.), click
Advanced, then enter the appropriate addresses and port numbers.

If there are any domains or servers that you can connect to directly, bypassing the proxy
(for example, your company's internal domain or specific computers on your LAN), type
their names under Exceptions (on the Advanced screen). Use commas to separate names.
Copy and Paste
GO-Global supports copying plain text between the server and the client.
To copy text between a GO-Global session and a local application
1.
2.
3.
4.
In your UNIX document, select the text you want to copy. (In some cases, this is enough to place
the text in the copy buffer, and you may skip to step 3.)
Select Edit | Copy.
In the target document, click the cursor where you want the text placed.
Paste the text using the local application's paste function.
To copy text between a local application and a GO-Global session
1.
2.
3.
4.
Administrator Guide
In the document containing the text you want to copy, select the text you want to copy.
Copy the text using the local application's paste function.
In the target UNIX document, click the cursor where you want the text placed.
Select Edit | Paste.
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Printing (goprint)
By default, UNIX applications accessed via a GO-Global session will print to a printer on the server, assuming
the server has a printer configured. GO-Global supports client-side printing with the GraphOn printer utility
goprint ($GOGLOBAL_ROOT/bin/goprint). If you want to print on the client's printer, specify
goprint in your print command.
goprint can also be used from the UNIX command prompt, as follows:
Command Syntax
goprint {file}
Options
file…
Specifies the file(s) to be submitted to the goprint printer queue. Files to be printed
must be in a format recognized by your printer.
If no file is specified goprint will read from standard input.
Table 5.1
Examples:
A. Print an ASCII file readme.txt (with line ending translation)
1. Open an X terminal window.
2. cd to the directory containing the file to be printed.
3. Enter the command to print the file:
cat readme.txt | unix2dos | goprint
4. The Print dialog box appears on the client. Select the desired printer to send the document to.
B. Print a .jpg file from a Linux machine
1. Open an X terminal window.
2. cd to the directory containing the file to be printed.
3. Format the jpeg for a postscript printer by typing:
a2ps –o- image.jpg | goprint
4. The Print dialog box appears on the client. Select the desired printer to send the document to.
File Transfer (goget/goput)
Files can be transferred between the GO-Global Server and the client with the GraphOn file transfer utilities,
goget and goput ($GOGLOBAL_ROOT/bin/goget and $GOGLOBAL_ROOT/bin/goput). These
utilities are used at the UNIX command prompt to initiate the file transfer operation. The goget utility will
“get” a file from the client and the goput utility will “put” a file from the host to the client.
Command Syntax
goget [-hvpl] [clientfile] [hostfile | -]
Options
-h, --help
Print the usage information.
-v, --version
Print the version of the utility.
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-p, --progress
Print a “#” character for each block of data transferred. Default is false.
-l, --loglevel
<level (0-7)>
The level at which messages should be displayed. (1=fatal, 2=critical, 3=error,
4=warning, 5=note, 6=debug, 7=trace). Default is 4.
clientfile
The file to retrieve from the client. If none is specified, the user is prompted.
Default is prompt user.
Hostfile
The filename to save the file to on the host. If none is specified the file is
written to stdout. (Use "-" for stdout when specifying a clientfile.)
Table 5.2
goput [-hvxpl] [hostfile | -] [clientfile]
Options
-h, --help
Print the usage information.
-v, --version
Print the version of the utility.
-x, --execute
Executes the file after transfer is complete. This is dependent on an application
being configured to execute the file in the client environment. For example,
after transferring a .txt file to a Windows-based client and using the -x option,
the file will be displayed automatically by Notepad. Default is false.
-p, --progress
Print a “#” character for each block of data transferred. Default is false.
-l, --loglevel
<level (0-7)>
The level at which messages should be displayed. (1=fatal, 2=critical, 3=error,
4=warning, 5=note, 6=debug, 7=trace). Default is 4.
hostfile
The file to retrieve from the host. If none is specified, stdin is used. (Use "-" for
stdin when specifying a clientfile.)
clientfile
The filename to save the file to on the client. If none is specified the user is
prompted. Default is prompt user.
Table 5.3
Note:
goput -x works on the Windows Client only.
Examples:
A. Transfer the file readme.txt from the current directory on the GO-Global Server to the client.
1. Open an X terminal window.
2. cd to the directory containing the file to be transferred.
3. Enter the command to copy the file:
goput readme.txt
4. When the Save As dialog box appears, browse to the directory where you want to write the file.
Provide a name for the file.
5. Click Save to transfer the file.
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B. Transfer the file readme.txt from the directory C:\Program Files\Star Office to the GOGlobal Server.
1. Open an X terminal window.
2. Enter the command to copy the file:
goget c:\\program\ files\\star\ office\\readme.txt > readme.txt
3. The file is transferred.
–or–
1.
2.
3.
4.
Open an X terminal window.
Enter the command to copy the file:
goget > readme.txt
The Open dialog box appears. Browse to and select the file to be copied. Click Open.
Click Save to transfer the file.
Status, Statistics, and Properties
The client application provides useful information that lets users view a session’s status, a connection’s
statistics, and an application’s properties.
Connection Status
The client status of a highlighted application can be viewed in the status bar of the client window by
selecting View and clicking Status bar.
Connection Statistics
Connection statistics provide useful information about the connection between the server and client. The
Statistics display provides the total bytes received from and sent to the server. It also provides the transfer
rate in bytes per second. To open the Statistics bar, click View, then Statistics.
Application Properties
Each application has a list of properties that describes how the application is published to the client. This
configuration data is stored in the GO-Global database on the GO-Global host. To view an application’s
properties, right-click the application’s icon and select Properties. Application properties are described
below. Defaults are given where appropriate.

Description: A brief explanation of the application.

Path: The full path of the application on the server.

Runs in its own session: The application runs in a window independent of all other X sessions.

XDM: Which mode of XDM the application is configured for, if any. Default = None.

Icon path: The full path of the icon published with the application.

Multiple-window mode: If Yes, the application and any associated applications appear in their own
windows.

Display size: The width and height of the session window on the display device.
Default = the size of the application in multiple-window mode.

Display depth: The color depth of the session. Client-dependent.

Appended font path: Additional font paths which follow those of the host.
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
Prepended font path: Additional font paths which precede those of the host.

Adaptive tuning: Enables application configurations to be optimized for transmissions, based on the
quality of the server-client connection. Default = On.

Swing Optimization: Whether optimizations for Java Swing applications are used.
Default = Off.

Multidepth: Whether multiple color depths are enabled on the server. When enabled, windows with
depths other than the depth of the root window (always 8-bit) can be created. For example, the root
window would be 8-bit but a secondary window could be 24-bit. Default = Off.

Server back buffer: Whether the server back buffer is enabled, allowing client painting data to be
retained. Default = Off.

Client back buffer: Whether the client back buffer is enabled, allowing improved 8-bit display and
redrawing of applications. Default = On.

Backing Store: Disables backing store and save-unders. Generally used only for debugging. Default =
On.

Obscurity messages: Whether the client informs the server when an application is completely covered.
Conserves bandwidth. Default = On.

Mouse compression: How frequently mouse information is sent to the server when a mouse button is
down or up. Default = 40 down, 150 up.

DPI: Resolution of the X server on the GO-Global Server. Default = 75.

Data cache: Size of the RAM cache for data storage. Default = 16 MB.

Cache compression: Whether data to be cached is to be compressed first. Default = None.

Keytable path: The absolute path to the directory containing the region- and language-specific
keyboard keytable files. Default = $GOGLOBAL_ROOT/etc/keytables.

Extra server options: Additional server-side arguments that configure performance or other options.
With Adaptive Tuning enabled, some reported properties are tuned when the session is started, so they
may not match the default values displayed on this screen.
Note:
Launching Applications from a Shortcut
GO-Global allows users to create shortcuts for launching applications without having to open the Program
Window. For users running the native Windows Client, there are two methods for creating a desktop
shortcut.
To create a desktop shortcut
1. Install the native Windows Client on the user desktop.
2. Once you are connected to the GO-Global Server, simply drag the application icon from the Program
Window on to the user desktop.
3. Double-click the desktop shortcut to launch the application.
-or1.
2.
3.
4.
Install the native Windows Client on the user desktop.
Edit the desktop shortcut by highlighting the shortcut, right-click and select the Properties option.
Look at the existing command line in the Target field.
Edit the command-line to include the following arguments:
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username
Client’s network username
host
GO-Global Server IP address or hostname
transport
Transport protocol, typically ‘tcp’ or ‘ssl’
launch
Display name of the application. The display name must match the entry in GOConfigure.
For example, if you want to launch xterm on a system called server, the command-line would appear as
follows:
"C:\Program Files\GO-Global for UNIX v2.3\goglobal_ux.exe" username=joe
host=192.168.10.11 transport=tcp launch=Xterm
5. Click OK and double-click the desktop shortcut to launch the application
Note:
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See Chapter VI for additional command-line arguments.
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Using GO-Global Clients
Configuring the ActiveX Control
GO-Global provides web-based clients that can be accessed from the client machine's web browser.
Depending on their choice of browser, users can connect to a GO-Global Server via an ActiveX control or a
Mozilla plug-in.
GO-Global’s ActiveX Control is available to users running Internet Explorer on a supported Windows client
platform. Mozilla plug-ins are available to Windows-based clients only.
To configure the ActiveX Control
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
On the GO-Global Server or your web server, locate the directory that contains the GO-Global html
files. The default directory is $(GOGLOBAL_ROOT)/htdocs. (If you’re using Apache, the default
document directory will likely be found in /var/www/html.)
If you plan to use the Active X Control function, locate the file IPviewer.html.
Edit the html file with vi or your favorite text editor.
Locate the section that starts with <PARAM NAME= and edit the corresponding values to reflect your
hostname, application, and startup arguments.
Save the file as application.html.
From the user desktop, point the browser to http://server/application.html.
Allow the ActiveX Control to be installed. Use the mouse to drag the URL path to the desktop to create
a shortcut.
Double-click the shortcut to launch the application.
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CHAPTER VI - Session Configuration
6
Session Configuration
The appearance and performance of your GO-Global sessions can be configured to best suit your needs. GO-Global
provides three modes of configuration, as follows:

Published application configurations set using GO-Configure and stored on the host machine for
distribution.

Preferences settings on the client that set options.

Command-line options configured and called when the application is launched from a command- line
prompt or a shortcut.
For example, if the server database specifies that a GO-Global session be published in full screen mode but the Client
Preferences settings specify width and height, the session will display in a window of the specified dimensions. If a
command-line option specifies full screen mode thereafter, then Full Screen mode will be used.
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Session Configuration
Preferences
To open the Preferences dialog box, click Connection | Preferences.
Preference settings do not take effect until a new connection is opened. Settings are shown above with their
default values.
Note:
Connection

Save passwords
By default, the usernames and passwords used to make connections are not retained on the client machine. To
speed connections, enable Save Passwords. Upon selecting a server, the connection will be made
automatically. Default = Off.

Compress network traffic
Compression reduces the bandwidth required by the GO-Global connection. Under most circumstances
performance will be better with compression enabled. Default = On.

Close connection when last session ends
When the last running session ends, the client will disconnect from the host.

Close application when last connection ends
When the last connection disconnects, the application will exit.

Confirm stopping of sessions
When enabled, a confirmation dialog is presented when the user selects the "Stop" option when closing a
session, connection, or client. Users can then confirm if they wish to stop all of the sessions listed, or cancel
the operation.

Automatically log off other users (Windows Clients only)
When enabled, gold will automatically suspend any sessions and log off any session leaders with running
sessions. Sessions that were previously running on these leaders may be resumed on the newly connected
client.
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Session Configuration
Display

Enclose session frame in borders
Borders on smaller windows make moving and resizing the application more intuitive for some users, as well as
provide access to menus and buttons. Full-screen windows without borders resemble a desktop session,
providing the illusion of working in an X display environment. Default = On.

Full screen
Display preferences can toggle the GO-Global windows between full screen and specified dimensions of Width
and Height. Maximum size: 4096x2048. Default = Full Screen (single-window session only).
Input

Panning (Windows Clients only)
When an X application window is partially off screen, moving the mouse to the edge of the screen will “jump”
the window fully on screen.

Minimize to system tray (Windows Clients only)
When the Connection Manager window is minimized, it will become an icon in the Windows System Tray —
the area near the clock on the Windows taskbar.

Pointer warping
When enabled, pointer warping allows an application to place the mouse cursor wherever it wants.

Emulate middle mouse button (Windows Clients only)
Enables middle mouse emulation, meaning holding down the right and left mouse buttons at the same time is
treated as if the user were pressing the middle mouse button.

Always emulate middle mouse button (Windows Clients only)
When enabled, middle mouse emulation is not disabled when a real middle mouse button is pressed.

Mouse wheel support (Windows Clients only)
When enabled, the mouse wheel is supported.
Command-Line Options
Command-line configurations override those published with the application on the server and those set in the client
preferences. Command-line options can be called in the following places:


The command-line or Windows Run prompt on the client, appended to the command path and name.
The Target field of a Windows shortcut, edited by right-clicking the GO-Global for UNIX v2.3.0 icon and selecting
Properties.
The following options can be appended to a goglobalux command:
Command-Line Option
Function
host={hostname|IP_address}
Presets the hostname or IP address of the GO-Global Server. Default
value is the hostname or IP address of the host from which the client
software was downloaded. If HOST is not specified, PORT, USERNAME,
and PASSWORD are ignored.
port=port#
Presets the port number to be used to connect to the server. Default
value is 491.
username=username
Presets user's login name. No default value. If not specified, user will be
prompted.
password=password
Presets user's login password. No default value. If not specified, user will
be prompted.
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Command-Line Option
Function
launch=”Display Name”
Causes the published item with the given Display Name to be started
automatically after the connection is established. Note that the Display
Name is case-sensitive and must exactly match the name of the published
application. No default value.
ui={min|max|tray|hide}
Controls how the connection manager user interface is initially displayed
to the user. min = window is presented minimized; max = window is
presented maximized; tray = only a tray icon is presented; hide = no user
interface is presented. This may cause problems since the user will have
no way to exit the application. No default value. The default display is
normal window. Windows Client only.
width=width
Sets the maximum width, in pixels, of a single-window session window.
No default value.
height=height
Sets the maximum height, in pixels, of a single-window session window.
No default value.
compress={true|false}
Enables or disables compression for data transmission between the
server and client. On low-bandwidth machines, enabling compression
increases session performance, but high-bandwidth connections may
actually experience reduced speed, due to increased processing time.
Default value is true (compression enabled).
transport={tcp|ssl|httpsproxy}
Transport protocol to use for data transmission between the server and
client. Default transport is TCP/IP. The https option is
for the Windows Client only.
closeconnection={true|false}
When the last running session ends, the client will disconnect from the
host.
closeapp={true|false}
When the last connection disconnects, the application will exit.
joinsession={true|false}
Users can opt to not join a currently running client instance with
compatible attributes. When joinsession=false, GO-Global will cause the
next invocation of the client to ignore any running Windows client
instances that it might otherwise join. By default, users join a compatible
instance of the client.
Table 6.1
Example:
The following command line launches an X terminal (on this server, it has the name "Xterm") for username demo on
server myserver. SSL will be used as the transport, and the connection manager window will be minimized to the
system tray. The user will be prompted for the login password.
"C:\Program Files\GO-Global for UNIX v2.3\goglobal_ux.exe" host=myserver
username=demo launch=Xterm ui=tray transport=ssl
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Session Configuration
Working in the XDM Environment
The X Display Manager (XDM) environment option allows the GO-Global client user to log in using the X Display
Manager Control Protocol (XDMCP), offering the client user greater latitude in choosing the server serving the client.
When a site has more than a few GO-Global Servers, XDMCP provides a way to manage resources. Since several
variables are involved, you may want to experiment with various settings. XDM sessions are configured with
GO-Configure.
XDM Servers must support reverse DNS to locate remote hosts.
Notes:
When using XDM on a host with multiple network interfaces, add -from $HOSTNAME to the Extra Server Options
on the Optimizations tab. Not doing so can cause clipboard anomalies.
The following three XDM options are available and can be activated via GO-Configure:
direct:hostname
Directs an XDM request to hostname.
indirect:hostname
Provides a list of all servers available to host a session, from which
the client may then choose one.
broadcast
Searches for all available servers and initiates an X session, then logs
on to the first server that responds.
Table 6.2
In direct mode, the X server connects to an XDM host and requests the display management services of that host
directly. This usually results in a username/password dialog.
In indirect mode, the X server connects to the XDMCP host and requests the display management services of a server,
but not necessarily the immediately connected server. The normal way for XDM to handle this is to present a
“chooser” list of available servers on the network, and allow the user to pick one. Once the user picks one, the X
server reconnects to that XDM host and requests the display management services of that server, initiating a
username/password dialog.
In broadcast mode, the X server broadcasts for the services of any server, and connects to the first available server
that responds to the broadcast.
Note:
Caution!
Setting the XDM Mode to anything other than None will disable the Command Line field and the Run in Own
Session checkbox on the Description tab, because XDM modes do not have a command line and must always run
in their own session.
Do not set window size to less than 400x400 or the login dialogs will be too small to use.
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Enhancing Session Performance
The following steps may enhance session performance, depending on the connection, the platform operating system,
and the published applications:
1.
2.
3.
The Server Back Buffer option reduces the amount of data the X servers require from the client. If
frequently used X applications are dependent on client bitmaps, setting the Server Back Buffer to On will
improve performance.
On display devices running 16-bit color or higher, better performance can be achieved by disabling
Multidepth support. Multidepth has no effect if the display device is in 8-bit color mode, because only an 8bit visual is supported in this case. Multidepth support provides an 8-bit default visual for compatibility with
X applications that do not work well with a visual that is deeper than 8 bits. However, on low-bandwidth
connections, the 8-bit default will perform better, because 8-bit images require less bandwidth than images
greater than 8 bits deep.
To conserve bandwidth when working over slower connections, try the following:

Reduce the window size of the session or application.

Reduce the display color depth of the application via GO-Configure.

Turn off the blinking cursor in terminal windows (e.g., dtterm and xterm).

Use a solid-colored background for remote desktop displays.
Enhancing Client Security
Following are some of the steps that can be taken to maximize security to protect data, whether it is on the server,
the client, or in transmission.

Use SSL instead of TCP/IP for your Transport preference. It provides at least 56-bit encryption, whereas TCP/IP
transmits all data in unencrypted format. For maximum security, GraphOn also offers an enhanced encryption
installation that allows 256-bit AES encryption.

Do not enable the Save Passwords option under Preferences.

When using a browser to connect to the GO-Global Server, always purge the browser's cache after closing your
connection.

Avoid using desktop icons to quickly access remote applications, as they will be immediately visible and may
provide account information. Review the shortcut’s properties to determine what information may be available.
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CHAPTER VII – Troubleshooting
& Technical Support
7
Log Files
The following logs and message files are provided as diagnostic tools. They can be useful either for
troubleshooting or for providing additional information to customer support if such assistance is necessary.
Installation Logs
If you have a problem with the server installation, please look in: /tmp/graphon_installer_logs/.
gdbi.log
During installation, the GO-Global database is initialized. The output of the program that initializes the
database is saved as /tmp/graphon_installer_logs/gdbi.log.
Master Log
The master gold process accepts incoming connections and authenticates users. It is also responsible for
certain maintenance procedures such as expiring suspended sessions.
The log file for these activities is configured using the $(GOGLOBAL_ROOT)/etc/masterlog.conf
file. By default, the file $(GOGLOBAL_ROOT)/etc/gold-$(HOSTNAME)-master.log is used and is
rotated when the file size is greater than 10 megabytes (up to a maximum of 10 logs). The
masterlog.conf file can be used to adjust these settings as well as specific levels of logging. Changes
to the masterlog.conf will only take effect if the master gold process is stopped and then restarted.
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Leader Log
The leader gold process is started after a user has successfully authenticated from a client. Each client
connection will have a leader log specific to that particular connection. This process will publish the
configured applications to the user as well as start/suspend/resume/stop sessions as directed.
The log file for these activities is configured using the $(GOGLOBAL_ROOT)/etc/leaderlog.conf
file or $(HOME)/.graphon/leaderlog.conf if it exists. By default, the file
$(HOME)/.graphon/log/$(USER)-$(HOSTNAME)-leader.log is used and is rotated whenever
a new leader process is started. The leader logs are kept up to a certain number of days (14 by default). The
leaderlog.conf file can be used to adjust these settings as well as specific levels of logging. Changes
to the leaderlog.conf will take effect the next time a leader gold process is started.
Session Log
A session corresponds to the startup and running of a specific instance of the GO-Global X server. This will
include the running of the X server, Window Manager, and X applications.
The log file for these activities is configured using the $(GOGLOBAL_ROOT)/etc/sessionlog.conf
file or $(HOME)/.graphon/sessionlog.conf if it exists. By default, the file
$(HOME)/.graphon/log/$(USER)-$(DISPLAY)-session.log is used and is rotated whenever
a new session is started. The session logs are kept up to a certain number of days (14 by default). The
sessionlog.conf file can be used to adjust these settings. Changes to the sessionlog.conf will
take effect the next time a session is started.
syslog
The GO-Global Login Daemon (gold) reports error conditions to the UNIX syslog daemon via the USER
facility. syslog will deal with those error reports according to its configuration file — typically
/etc/syslogd.conf.
Xerrors
If you experience problems running xdm on an HP-UX host, check the file /var/dt/Xerrors for any
messages regarding fonts. If you find any such messages, verify that the X font server (xfs) is running on the
host. If it is not, follow these steps to start it:
1.
2.
3.
Edit the file /etc/rc.config.d/xfs and set the variable
RUN_X_FONT_SERVER=1
Execute the command
# /sbin/init.d/xfs start
Add the font server to your font path.
Client Problem Situations
Cannot connect to server
1.
2.
3.
4.
Administrator Guide
Verify your username and password.
Verify that you can connect to the GO-Global host through other means (for example, a web
browser or the ping program).
If you are using a nondefault port number, verify that you have entered both the server name and
the port number separated by a colon. For example, ourserver:492
Contact your network administrator and ensure that the GO-Global host is up and that the GOGlobal Server software is running.
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When the GO-Global License Manager Daemon (lmgrd) is unreachable, GO-Global Login
Daemon (gold) exits and users' sessions close.
Note:
Cannot launch a session
1.
2.
3.
Verify that you are still connected to the host. (It will be listed on the Connections menu under
Current Connections.)
If you receive the error message, License unavailable, contact your system administrator.
Check your $HOME/.graphon/session-logs directory on the GO-Global host for any error
messages.
Cannot publish, edit, or delete applications using GO-Configure
1.
2.
3.
4.
If the GO-Configure icon does not appear in your GO-Global client’s list of published applications,
your system administrator has not given you permission to use it. If you think you should have
permission, contact your system administrator.
Editing and deleting: Verify that the application is one you published. You cannot edit or delete
globally published applications.
Publishing: Press F5 in the Windows Client to refresh your list of published applications, and verify
that the application you are trying to publish is not already there.
Contact your system administrator and verify that GO-Global is properly configured.
License Management Logging
The GO-Global license management subsystem logs messages to several locations. General log information
is logged to the master log file (but these messages are not described in the section on gold logging).
Additional error information is logged to the system logs (usually in /var/adm/messages or
/var/log/syslog/syslog.log).
Messages logged by the license management subsystem to the gold log file are:

Unable to open licensing library
Gold was unable to open the libgolicense.so shared object library that contains the code for the license
management subsystem. The reason for the failure, as reported by the operating system, is also
logged. The failure reason as returned by the operating system should suggest a course of action to
resolve this problem.

Unable to open licensing library (corrupt library?)
This message indicates that gold found the licensing library but could not locate the shared objects it is
required to contain. This indicates that the library has been corrupted or tampered with. The solution
to this problem is to replace the library with a known valid copy. Additional diagnostic information as
returned by the operating system is also logged with this message.
The individual licensing shared object libraries also log diagnostic information. For technical reasons,
these messages are not logged to the master log file, but instead are logged to the system error log
(usually /var/adm/messages or /var/log/syslog/syslog.log).
The messages logged by the FlexNet Publisher license management library (libflexlmlicense.so) are:

GO-Global UX license allocation failed: [error]
This indicates that FlexNet Publisher was unable to check out a license as requested. The reason for the
failure is indicated by the error returned from FlexNet Publisher. Please consult the FlexNet Publisher
reference guides for further information regarding specific errors encountered.
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
Troubleshooting & Technical Support
GO-Global UX License failure: [error]
This indicates that FlexNet Publisher was unable to check out a license as requested. The reason for
failure is indicated by the error returned from FlexNet Publisher. Please consult the FlexNet Publisher
reference guides for further information regarding specific errors encountered.

GO-Global UX License failure: license revoked
This indicates that your license has been revoked by GraphOn. Please contact your GraphOn sales
representative to resolve this situation.
At startup, GO-Global attempts to obtain a license to enable the enhanced 168-bit encryption by attempting
to check out a license for the “UX_encryption” feature. If you have not purchased this option, a message is
logged to the system log to the effect that the license check-out failed. This is normal and is not cause for
alarm.
FlexNet Publisher License Error Codes
The following list includes the most commonly seen FlexNet Publisher error codes and descriptions of the
situations they were seen in. For detailed information regarding FlexNet error codes, refer to the License
Administration Guide, available at http://www.globes.com/support/fnp_utilities_download.htm#downloads

FLEXlm error: -2,413.
“Invalid license file syntax.” The host ID specified in the license file does not match the server’s host ID.
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Getting Help (Reporting a Problem)
The GO-Global client offers a way to create a “problem report”, including relevant log files, which can be
submitted to GraphOn. To use this feature, select Report a Problem from the Help menu. This will start a
wizard that will help you collect the relevant information for your problem.
The first dialog in the wizard will ask for a description of the problem.
Clicking the Next button will take you to the client log selection page. On this page, all available client logs
and their timestamps are listed to help identify the most recent. You can select any or all of these log files to
include in your problem report.
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Clicking Next will cause the wizard to display the connection log selection page. This page lists all
connection-level logs as they exist on the server. You can select any of all of these logs to include with your
problem report. Note that only logs from the host of the currently active connection tab are listed.
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Clicking Next will display the session log selection page. From here, select the session log(s) that you want
to include with your problem report.
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Clicking Next will cause the wizard to prompt for a filename to save the report into. Select a suitable
location and filename for your problem report.
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Finally, the wizard will create the problem report and ask that it be sent to GraphOn.
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Getting Help (Technical Support)
See our web site at www.graphon.com/support for the most up-to-date information on all GO-Global
support issues, including:

The latest documentation

Software updates

Frequently asked questions (FAQ)

Workarounds for known problems

Technical notes

Product news
GraphOn offers a variety of technical support and maintenance options, including an informative web site
and assistance by e-mail or telephone. For information on purchasing technical support and maintenance
contracts, e-mail sales@graphon.com.
To contact GraphOn Technical Support, e-mail support@graphon.com. All support requests should be
accompanied by error messages and system logs relevant to your problem. Please note that using the
support form located at www.graphon.com/support will often lead to the quickest response from the
support team. We also encourage you to visit http://www.graphon.com/support/forum/ to join an online
forum of GO-Global users that posts Frequently Asked Questions, feature requests, and general support
issues.
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8
Certificates
At installation time, the GO-Global installation program creates a default server key certificate and a default
Certificate Authority (CA) certificate to sign the server key. These certificates are created with a default lifetime of
five years.
Certificate Authority
The installer-created CA certificate has these properties:

Country: US

State: Unknown State

Locality: Unknown City

Organization: GraphOn GO-Global for UNIX User

Organizational Unit: Unknown Department

Common Name: GraphOn GO-Global for UNIX Default CA

E-mail Address: root@hostname
The hostname in the E-mail Address field is that of the host on which GO-Global for UNIX is being installed.
The CA certificate is self-signed and will appear to be issued by “GraphOn GO-Global for UNIX Default CA” to
“GraphOn GO-Global for UNIX Default CA”.
The server key and CA certificates are placed in the $GOGLOBAL_ROOT/ssl/certs directory as the files CA.key
and CA.crt, respectively.
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Server Key Certificate
The installer will use the default CA certificate to generate a signed server key certificate with the following
properties:

Country: US

State: (two-letter abbreviation)

Locality: Unknown City

Organization: GraphOn GO-Global Customer

Organizational Unit: Server Key

Common Name: hostname

E-mail Address: root@hostname
The hostname in the Common Name and E-mail Address fields is that of the host on which
GO-Global is being installed. The server key certificate will appear to be issued to whatever the hostname is,
by “GraphOn GO-Global for UNIX Default CA”.
Obtaining a Trusted Server Certificate
GO-Global for UNIX can use any server certificate to provide increased security. To obtain a server
certificate from a CA trusted by the client operating system, consult the documentation from the CA of your
choice using the following information as a guide.
The CA will require a Certificate Signing Request (CSR) from you. Generally this can be generated by running:
# $GOGLOBAL_ROOT/bin/openssl req -new -key server.key
-out server.csr
Running this command will prompt you for the attributes to be included in your certificate, as follows:

Country Name: US

State: your state

Locality: your city

Organization: your company name

Organizational Unit: your department

Common Name: your server’s name

E-mail Address: your e-mail address
It is essential that the Common Name matches the hostname of your GO-Global Server. Any variation in the
name will cause the client to issue a warning when connecting.
The output of the above command will be a file named server.csr, which can be sent to your CA. When
your CA sends you the certificate, place it in the file $GOGLOBAL_ROOT/ssl/certs/server.crt.
Since GO-Global’s SSL implementation is based on the OpenSSL toolkit, the tools used are the same as those
used in other OpenSSL-based products, such as the Apache mod_ssl package. You may be able to follow
instructions provided by your CA for the mod_ssl package to obtain a GO-Global certificate. GO-Global
includes the openssl command-line tool in the $GOGLOBAL_ROOT/bin directory. This tool performs all
key and certificate functions in the OpenSSL and OpenSSL-derived products.
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Creating a Site Certificate Authority
Sites with many GO-Global Servers installed may wish to create their own certificate authority, then sign
each server’s certificate from this authority, and then install the certificate authority certificates onto each
client. This will prevent any “warnings” about untrusted authorities, without requiring the site to obtain a
third-party certificate for each server.
Note that there are many third-party applications and systems to assist in the creation and maintenance of
a certificate authority that interoperate with the OpenSSL toolkit. These tools should be able to generate
signed server certificates for use with GO-Global without modification. In addition, a site may opt to have a
server key signed by an already established Internet certificate authority, such as Verisign or Thawte.
However, as shown below, it is possible to create and manage your own site-wide certificate authority using
only the tools provided with GO-Global for UNIX.
Preliminary Considerations
Like any cryptographically secure application, the OpenSSL toolkit requires a source of entropy, or random
numbers. Preferably this source should not be from a pseudorandom number generator, but should instead
be based on system events, such as the timings between keystrokes, I/O events, and so on.
Many recent operating systems include devices in the /dev filesystem for this purpose. The
/dev/random device outputs cryptographically strong random numbers from a fixed pool of entropy.
Once the entropy in the pool is exhausted, /dev/random will block until more entropy is made available.
The /dev/urandom device outputs cryptographically strong random numbers from the same entropy
pool, but unlike /dev/random, /dev/urandom will continue to output random numbers based on a
pseudorandom number generator if the entropy pool is exhausted. Therefore, /dev/urandom is often
more suitable for server applications (or daemons) that cannot be blocked if the entropy pool is exhausted.
Official patches exist to provide /dev/random and /dev/urandom on Solaris systems. GraphOn highly
recommends the use of these patches.
If you do not have the /dev/random or /dev/urandom devices, you can simulate some pseudorandom data by creating a file that contains snapshot information about the system, such as:
(ps; date; who; last | head –30) > randomdata
In any event, you should set the RANDFILE variable to point to your entropy source, such as one of:
export RANDFILE=./randomdata
export RANDFILE=/dev/urandom
GraphOn recommends allocating a specific directory to your certificate authority (for example,
${GOGLOBAL_ROOT}/CA/), and performing all certificate authority operations from this location.
Establishing the Certificate Authority
A certificate authority is a virtual organization that will sign each of your server keys, allowing the client to
assert that the server keys are authentic and have not been tampered with.
To establish the certificate authority, a CA key and self-signed certificate are created. Once the CA
certificate and key are created, the CA certificate is imported into the Internet options on the client PC.
Finally, the server keys are signed using the CA certificate, which will allow the client PCs to recognize the
authenticity of the signatures and allow connections to the server without warning the user about the
trustworthiness of the CA.
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Creating a CA Key and Certificate
The certificate authority’s key is its private key in terms of the RSA technology. This key should be kept very
secret, as any entity with access to this key can generate false certificates that would certify unknown hosts
as trusted. It is vitally important to protect the integrity of your certificate authority.
To generate the CA key, use the following command (the command appears split on to two lines here but
should be typed as one continuous command-line):
# OPENSSL_CONF=${GOGLOBAL_ROOT}/ssl/openssl.cnf
${GOGLOBAL_ROOT}/bin/openssl genrsa -out ./ca.key 1024
This command will generate your initial CA key, and place it in the file “ca.key”. After the key is created, we
must generate a Certificate Signing Request (CSR) that we will use to create the CA certificate. We do this
using the following command:
#OPENSSL_CONF=${GOGLOBAL_ROOT}/ssl/openssl.cnf
${GOGLOBAL_ROOT}/bin/openssl req –new –key ./ca.key -out ./ca.csr
This command will run interactively and prompt you for the information to be contained in the certificate.
Example responses are shown here in italics:
Using configuration from /usr/local/graphon/ssl/openssl.cnf
You are about to be asked to enter information that will be
incorporated into your certificate request.
What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name
or a DN.
There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank
For some fields there will be a default value,
If you enter '.', the field will be left blank.
----Country Name (2 letter code) [AU]:US
State or Province Name (full name) [Some-State]:Washington
Locality Name (eg, city) []:Bellevue
Organization Name (eg, company) [Internet Widgits Pty Ltd]:GraphOn
Corporation
Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []:GraphOn Corporation CA
Common Name (eg, YOUR name) []:GraphOn Corporation CA
Email Address []:hostmaster@graphon.com
Please enter the following 'extra' attributes
to be sent with your certificate request
A challenge password []:[enter]
An optional company name []:[enter]
Specifically, the prompts should be answered as:
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
Country Name: your two-letter country abbreviation

State or Province Name: your full state or province name

Locality Name: your city or town or suburb name

Organization Name: the name of your organization or company

Organizational Unit Name: the organizational name should be a representation of
your CA’s name

Common Name: This should either be a person responsible for the operation of the
CA or a generic name representing the CA itself
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
Email Address: This should be an e-mail address that can be used to address
concerns about certificates to someone responsible for the CA
The final step is establishing the CA certificate. To do this, you must create a settings file that contains some
information about the CA. The file should be named ca.cfg and should contain the following:
extensions = x509v3
[ x509v3 ]
subjectAltName = email:copy
basicConstraints = CA:true,pathlen:0
nsComment = “[your company] site CA”
nsCertType = sslCA
After creating this file, you can sign your CA certificate with the following commands:
# OPENSSL_CONF=${GOGLOBAL_ROOT}/ssl/openssl.cnf
${GOGLOBAL_ROOT}/bin/openssl x509 –req –extfile ./ca.cfg –days
1825 –signkey ./ca.key –in ./ca.csr –out ./ca.crt
The resulting certificate file, ca.crt, is the certificate that will need to be imported into the certificate store
on each client PC.
It is also necessary to create a configuration file for signing server keys. This file should be named server.cfg,
and should contain:
extensions = x509v3
[ x509v3 ]
subjectAltName = email:copy
nsComment = “Certificate signed by your company CA”
nsCertType = server
You must also create a file that will store the serial numbers of certificates signed by this CA. Use the
following command:
# echo “01” > ca.serial
Creating and Signing Server Keys
The default GO-Global installation will create a new certificate authority key and a new server key, signed
by the newly created certificate authority. If you are trying to make sure all of your server keys are signed by
your own certificate authority, you can begin by using the already created server key (in
${GOGLOBAL_ROOT}/ssl/certs/server.key) or your can create your own.
To create a new server key, use the following command:
# OPENSSL_CONF=${GOGLOBAL_ROOT}/ssl/openssl.cnf
${GOGLOBAL_ROOT}/bin/openssl genrsa –out ./server.key 1024
This will generate a new server key and place it in the file server.key.Next, generate a Certificate
Signing Request (CSR) for the server key. This is essentially the same process used for generating the CSR for
the CA key, but the inputs are slightly different. Use the following comand:
# OPENSSL_CONF=${GOGLOBAL_ROOT}/ssl/openssl.cnf
${GOGLOBAL_ROOT}/bin/openssl req –new –key ./server.key –out
./server.csr
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This command will run interactively and prompt you for information about the server certificate that will be
generated. Example input is shown here in italics:
Using configuration from /usr/local/graphon/ssl/openssl.cnf
You are about to be asked to enter information that will be
incorporated into your certificate request.
What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name
or a DN.
There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank
For some fields there will be a default value,
If you enter '.', the field will be left blank.
----Country Name (2 letter code) [AU]:US
State or Province Name (full name) [Some-State]:Washington
Locality Name (eg, city) []:Bellevue
Organization Name (eg, company) [Internet Widgits Pty Ltd]:Company
Name
Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []: GO-Global UX Server
Common Name (eg, YOUR name) []:dreadnought.sea.graphon.com
Email Address []:user@company.com
Please enter the following 'extra' attributes
to be sent with your certificate request
A challenge password []: [enter]
An optional company name []: [enter]
Your answers to these prompts should be:

Country Name: Your 2-letter country abbreviation

State or Province Name: Your full state or province name

Locality Name: The city, town, or suburb where your organization is located

Organization Name: The name of your company or organization

Organizational Unit Name: Either a department name or some name representing
this server

Common Name: The name of this server, as it should appear on the certificate.
Note that this is not the name of a person.

Email address: The e-mail address of a party responsible for this server
Note that the Common Name entry is vitally important. It must exactly match the name of the server that
the client will be connecting to. Generally, the common name is entered as a fully-qualified host name (i.e.,
server.my.domain.com instead of just server).
Finally, sign the server’s key with the CA’s certificate. This can be done using the following command:
# OPENSSL_CONF=${GOGLOBAL_ROOT}/ssl/openssl.cnf
${GOGLOBAL_ROOT}/bin/openssl x509 –req –extfile ./server.cfg –days
1825 –CA ./ca.crt –CAkey ./ca.key –CAserial ./ca.serial –in
./server.csr –out ./server.crt
Note that the -days 1825 parameter will cause our server certificates to expire in 1825 days, or roughly 5
years time. If you want certificates to expire earlier or later, adjust this number to fit your requirements.
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Copy the ca.crt, server.key and server.crt files to the target server into the
${GOGLOBAL_ROOT}/ssl/certs/ directory.
Your GO-Global Server now has a new SSL certificate, signed by your own custom certificate authority.
Redundant License Servers
When end users’ data is divided among multiple servers and work remains possible if one of these servers
goes down or is off line, multiple license servers can be employed. Two implementation methods can be
used: redundancy via a license file list in the LM_LICENSE_FILE environment variable, or establishing a set of
two or three redundant license servers. The LM_LICENSE_FILE variable is defined in the
$GOGLOBAL_ROOT/etc/goglobalux startup script.
Two-Server Redundancy
Two-server redundancy is designed to provide hardware failure protection only and does not provide loadbalancing. This is because with two-server redundancy, only one of the two servers is "master" and capable
of issuing licenses. The directions below explain the configuration of two-way redundancy via a license file
list in the LM_LICENSE_FILE environment variable.
1.
Obtain two separate license files that are hosted for each license server.
2.
Copy the new license.dat files into the ${GOGLOBAL_ROOT}/etc directory on both hosts.
3. Modify ${GOGLOBAL_ROOT}/etc/goglobalux on the GO-Global Server on both hosts as
follows:
GG_LM_LICENSE_FILE="@hosta.domain.com:@hostb.domain.com"
4.
Issue a goglobalux stop and then start on both license servers.
We recommend running Flexera's lmstat utility to check the status of the redundant license servers once
both servers are up and running.
Run ${GOGLOBAL_ROOT}/bin/lmstat -a -c ${GOGLOBAL_ROOT}/etc/license.dat and
verify that your servers are "UP".
You can obtain Flexera’s lmutil tools (which include lmstat, lmhostid, lminstall, lmremove, etc.) from the bin
directory ($GOGLOBAL_ROOT/bin directory) or from:
http://www.globes.com/support/fnp_utilities_download.htm#downloads. These tools are included for
diagnostic purposes. Any questions on its functionality should be directed to Flexera.
Three-Server Redundancy
With three-server redundancy, if any two of the three license servers are up and running, a “quorum” of
servers is established, and the system is functional and serves its total complement of licenses.
Three-server redundancy is designed to provide hardware failure protection only and does not provide
load-balancing. This is because with three-server redundancy, only one of the three servers is "master" and
capable of issuing licenses.
The following requirements are necessary to use the redundant licenser mechanism:


You must have three servers (no more and no less) to install the license and FlexNet Publisher software
on.
At least two of the three servers must be up and running at all times.
Following is an example of a three-server redundant license file that GraphOn supplies after registering
online. You must provide the hostnames of the three GO-Global Servers as well as the hostids for each. The
port of the license server (e.g., 27000) must also be appended to each server line, if it is not already listed.
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27000 is a good port number to use, unless you have other Flexera license managers already using that
port. If so, choose another available port (e.g., 27001, 27002, etc.)
SERVER wilson 001122334455 27000
SERVER piper 010101010101 27000
SERVER caspian 000c297bbdf7 27000
VENDOR blm
INCREMENT unix_session blm 2.3 permanent 5 38D4C15B6410 \
ck=303 SN=8675309-AA
INCREMENT any_app blm 2.3 permanent uncounted 74B546D236CE HOSTID=ANY \
ck=143 SN=8675309-AA
INCREMENT StrongEncryption blm 2.3 permanent uncounted 9DE682CC84F4 \
ck=75 SN=8675309-AA
The three-server license file needs to be copied to each of the three license servers.
Lastly, you must point the GO-Global Server to the license server. This can be done in two different ways,
either by copying the license to each GO-Global Server and editing it to use USE_SERVER (see example
below), or by adding each server to the LM_LICENSE_FILE environment variable defined in
${GOGLOBAL_ROOT}/etc/goglobalux."
SERVER wilson 001122334455 27000
SERVER piper 010101010101 27000
SERVER caspian 000c297bbdf7 27000
USE_SERVER
To use the second option, change the value of the LM_LICENSE_FILE variable in
${GOGLOBAL_ROOT}/etc/goglobalux from:
LM_LICENSE_FILE=${GOGLOBAL_ROOT}/etc/license.dat
to refer to the servers, like:
LM_LICENSE_FILE=27000@wilson,27000@piper,27000@caspian
Then, as root on each server, restart the GO-Global Server:
# ${GOGLOBAL_ROOT}/etc/goglobalux stop
# ${GOGLOBAL_ROOT}/etc/goglobalux start
We recommend running Flexera's lmstat utility to check the status of the redundant license servers once all
three servers are up and running. Run ${GOGLOBAL_ROOT}/bin/lmstat -a -c
${GOGLOBAL_ROOT}/etc/license.dat and verify that your servers are "UP".
You can obtain Flexera’s lmutil tools (which include lmstat, lmhostid, lminstall, lmremove, etc.) from the bin
directory ($GOGLOBAL_ROOT/bin directory) or from:
http://www.globes.com/support/fnp_utilities_download.htm#downloads. These tools are included for
diagnostic purposes. Any questions on its functionality should be directed to Flexera.
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License File Method
With license file redundancy, each of a group of license servers serves a subset of the total number of
licenses. The LM_LICENSE_FILE environment variable on each license server is set to specify a list of license
files, where each license file refers to one of the license servers. Client connection attempts then try each
server in turn until they either succeed or get to the end of the list. The servers can be physically far apart
(unlike the case of three-server redundancy).
For example, if 10 licenses were desired for both Feature f1 and Feature f2, GraphOn could issue two sets of
licenses with a count of 5 for each feature. The license.dat files would look something like this:
license.dat for server acadia:
SERVER acadia 17007ea8 1700
DAEMON xyzd $GOGLOBAL_ROOT/bin
FEATURE f1 xyzd 1.000 01-jan-2014 5 26C7DD9C0186
FEATURE f2 xyzd 1.000 01-jan-2014 5 8CE46C57041D
license.dat for server concord:
SERVER concord 17007ea8 1700
DAEMON xyzd $GOGLOBAL_ROOT/bin
FEATURE f1 xyzd 1.000 01-jan-2014 5 16BE40E1D98D
FEATURE f2 xyzd 1.000 01-jan-2014 5 6DB6F3E402DF
Users in one area could set their LM_LICENSE_FILE environment variable to:
1700@acadia:1700@concord
Users in another area could set their LM_LICENSE_FILE environment variable to:
1700@concord:1700@acadia
Client connection attempts would first be made to the first server in the list. If that failed for any reason,
the second server would be tried.
Mapping a Locale
To map a locale reported by the GO-Global client to a specific locale of your host, edit
$GOGLOBAL_ROOT/etc/localemap using a text editor. Create a line like the following:
<lang>_<SUBLANG>
<locale name>
$GOGLOBAL_ROOT/etc/localemap contains a list that has the possible <lang>_<SUBLANG>
locales reported by the GO-Global client. You may need to verify that your host has a valid <locale
name> for each relevant entry. This can be done using locale -a to see the locales available on your host. In
some cases, your host may have alternate <locale name> values you may wish to substitute. By default,
an undefined <lang>_<SUBLANG> will use the C locale. After making any changes to the locale map, gold
will need to be restarted, like this:
# $GOGLOBAL_ROOT/etc/goglobalux stop
# $GOGLOBAL_ROOT/etc/goglobalux start
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Mapping a Time Zone
To map a time zone reported by the GO-Global client to a specific time zone for your host, edit
$GOGLOBAL_ROOT/etc/timezonemap using a text editor. Create a line like the following:
<timezone>
<TZ_NAME>
$GOGLOBAL_ROOT/etc/timezonemap contains a list that has the possible <timezone> values
reported by the GO-Global windows client. Most of the common values are defined already, but your host
may desire different values (e.g., UTF-8 instead of PST-8PDT). After making any changes to the time zone
map, gold will need to be restarted as follows:
# $GOGLOBAL_ROOT/etc/goglobalux stop
# $GOGLOBAL_ROOT/etc/goglobalux start
Support for Modular Authentication (PAM)
GO-Global's authentication uses the Pluggable Authentication Modules (PAM) architecture on supported
hosts. On hosts that do not support PAM, native modular authentication architectures are used. Using a
modular authentication system such as PAM allows the GO-Global Server to leverage the existing
authentication modules on the system, making authentication through GO-Global more closely resemble
authentication through other services (e.g. telnet, ssh, XDM, etc.). In most cases, if the host is already
configured to use a particular authentication module for telnet or login access (e.g., authenticating against
an LDAP database, or authenticating using cardkeys or crypto-cards), the same modules can be used with
GO-Global.
Modular authentication systems use a conversation between the authentication API and the user. This
allows the user to interact with the authentication modules, and to answer additional authentication
questions or satisfy additional authentication requirements. In the GO-Global implementation, questions
from the PAM (or other authentication systems) API are remoted to the thin client where the user is
presented with the query or information. Responses collected are transmitted back to the host for
submission to the API. Following are two example conversations:
Username: joe
Password: foo
Your passwords has expired
New password: bar
Re-enter new password bar
Password change accepted
Authentication Succeeded
Login: joe
Challenge #: 356268234
SecurID #: 463939
Invalid SecurID value
Challenge #: 233895723
SecurID#: 633354
Authentication Succeeded
Each application that uses the PAM system for authentication may have its own individual configuration
profile. This profile dictates which modules should be used for authentication for that particular application.
GO-Global will use a profile called goglobal if it exists, otherwise it will use the default other
profile. To configure your GO-Global server to use PAM to authenticate, you must create a goglobal
authentication profile. The following sections will explain how to do this for each system supported by GO-
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Global.
Solaris
On Solaris systems, PAM profiles are stored in the /etc/pam.conf file. You can create a basic
goglobal authentication profile by adding lines such as these to the file:
goglobal
goglobal
auth
auth
required
required
/usr/lib/security/$ISA/pam_unix.so.1
/usr/lib/security/$ISA/pam_dial_auth
goglobal
account
requisite
/usr/lib/security/$ISA/pam_roles.so.
goglobal
account
required
/usr/lib/security/$ISA/pam_projects.
goglobal
goglobal
account
password
required
required
/usr/lib/security/$ISA/pam_unix.so.1
/usr/lib/security/$ISA/pam_unix.so.1
.so.1
1
so.1
Note that this configuration is an example only and may not directly apply to your system if your system
does not use the default PAM configuration. Please consult your system documentation and/or system
administrator if you have custom PAM requirements.
Linux
On Linux systems, each PAM configuration profile is placed in its own file in the /etc/pam.d/
directory. You can create a basic goglobal authentication profile by creating a file in this directory called
goglobal, containing the following:
auth
auth
required
required
/lib/security/pam_securetty.so
/lib/security/pam_stack.so service=system-
auth
account
required
required
/lib/security/pam_nologin.so
/lib/security/pam_stack.so service=system-
password
required
/lib/security/pam_stack.so service=system-
session
required
/lib/security/pam_stack.so service=system-
session
optional
/lib/security/pam_console.so
auth
auth
auth
auth
Note that this PAM configuration refers to a system-auth configuration, and essentially inherits most
functionality from it.
Because of the large number of Linux systems and Linux configuration files, we recommend examining an
existing profile, such as login, and begin constructing your goglobal profile from the existing one. Note
that the other profile is the default for applications that do not have a specific profile, and that this
profile typically denies all authentication attempts.
HP-UX
On HP-UX 11 systems, authentication profiles are stored in the /etc/pam.conf file. Create a basic
goglobal authentication profile by adding lines such as these to the file:
goglobal
goglobal
goglobal
goglobal
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account
auth
password
session
required
required
required
required
/usr/lib/security/libpam_unix.1
/usr/lib/security/libpam_unix.1
/usr/lib/security/libpam_unix.1
/usr/lib/security/libpam_unix.1
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Disabling PAM
The GO-Global Server also supports basic authentication against the system password files (/etc/passwd
and/or /etc/shadow). To disable PAM support and use the system password files, modify the
gold.conf auth value to auth=pass. In this mode, gold will not use the PAM (or other modular
authentication) API, but will instead authenticate using the getpwnam system calls to read the system
password files directly.
Some authentication features, such as expiring passwords, will work in this mode, but unlike the modular
authentication mechanisms, there is no way to change an expired password. For this reason, we do not
recommend using this mode.
00020409
For more information, consult the following web site:
http://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/libs/pam/modules.html
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Index
A
Adaptive Tuning, 20
aix, 12
Authenticating, 29
Authentication Methods, 12
Automatic proxy configuration, 34
E
Enter Data, 7
Environment Variables, 11
Error logs, 47
Exceptions, 34
Extra Server Options, 21
B
Backing Store, 19
Borders, 43
Broadcast, 23
broadcast mode, 45
Browser client, 27
Button 4 / 5, 21
File Transfer, 35
FLEXnet Publisher, 7, 24, 25, 49, 51
Font Path, 19
G
C
CA certificate, 58, 60
CA Key, 61
Cache Compression, 21
Cache Size, 21
CDE application, 16
Central License Server, 24
Certificate Authority, 58, 60
Certificate Signing Request, 61, 62
Certificates, 58
Client Back Buffer, 20
Client Display Settings, 21
closeapp, 44
closeconnection, 44
Closing a Connection, 32
Command-line options, 11, 43
Compression, 42, 44
Connecting, 28
Connection, 28
Current Connections, 30
D
Display, 21
Display Depth, 23
Display Name, 44
Display Options, 21
Display Size, 21
Administrator Guide
F
gdbi.log, 47
GO Window Manager, 16
GO-Configure, 15, 18, 29, 45, 49
GO-Global Application Configuration, 16
GO-Global Application Configuration program, 18
GO-Global Directory, 7
GO-Global License Manager Daemon, 10
GO-Global Login Daemon, 7, 9, 12, 48
GO-Global User, 7
goglobalux Script, 12
gold, 7, 9, 11, 12, 48
Gold log file, 49
gold.conf, 14
GraphOn Login Daemon, 11
H
Host ID, 9
Host Name, 9
hostid, 65
I
Installation log, 47
Installing the GO-Global Server, 6
Internet Explorer, 34
J
Java Swing Optimization, 20
joinsession, 44
Page 69
K
Keytables Path, 19
proxy server, 33
Proxy Values, 33
Publishing applications, 14
L
LAN Settings, 34
Leader Log, 48
License Error Codes, 51
License File Method, 67
License Management, 24, 49
License manager log files, 12
License Server, 24
Licensing, 9
lock_path, 14
Log Files, 47
M
Macrovision, 24
Manual proxy configuration, 34
master, 65
Master Log, 47
Memory requirements, 5
Middle mouse emulation, 43
Minimize to system tray, 43
Mouse Compression, 20
Mouse wheel, 21, 43
Multidepth, 19, 46
Multiple Connections, 32
Multiple-window mode, 16
N
NFS Environment, 14
NFS Share, 14
Non-Default Ports, 11
Non-Privileged, 7
O
Obscurity Messages, 20
OpenSSL toolkit, 59, 60
Optimizations, 19
otherdb, 14
Recent Connections, 28, 30
Redundant License Servers, 65
Registration, 9
root directory, 12
RSA technology, 61
Running Browser Clients, 33
Running Sessions, 30
S
Save Passwords, 42, 46
Screen Size, 43
Security, 46
Server, 6
Server Address, 29
Server Back Buffer, 20, 46
Server certificate, 59
Server key certificate, 59
Server Keys, 62
Server System Requirements, 5
Session, 30
Session frame, 43
Session Log, 48
Session logs, 48
Setting Proxy Values, 33
Single-window session, 43
Site Certificate Authority, 60
SSL, 46
SSL certificate, 65
SSL implementation, 59
Starting a Session, 29
Stopping a session, 31
Suspended Sessions, 30
Suspending a session, 31
syslog, 48
System requirements, 4
T
P
pam, 12
PAM, 68
Panning, 43
pass, 12
password, 44
pid_path, 14
Pluggable Authentication Modules, 68
Pointer warping, 43
port, 43
Processor requirements, 5
Product Code, 7, 9
Administrator Guide
R
TCP/IP, 44, 46
Technical support, 57
three-server redundancy, 65
Time zone, 68
transport, 44
Trusted Server Certificate, 59
U
UNIX browser client, 26
Up / Down Arrow, 21
username, 43
Page 70
W
Windows browser client, 26
Windows Clients, 26
X
X applications, 29
X desktop sessions, 29
Administrator Guide
X Display Manager Control Protocol, 45
X window manager, 16
xdm, 48
XDM, 45
XDM Host, 23
XDM Mode, 23
XDMCP, 45
XDMCP Host, 23
Page 71
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