i-STAT Procedure - Palmetto Health

i-STAT Procedure - Palmetto Health
Palmetto Health Laboratories
PC1.025.04 iSTAT Procedure
Effective Date: 8/14/2014
PC1.025.04 i-STAT Procedure
1.0
2.0
Principle
The I-STAT analyzer is intended for use with i-STAT cartridges
for in vitro quantification of various analytes in whole blood by trained and
certified health care professionals in accordance with the manufacturer and PHR
procedures. The The i-STAT® System incorporates comprehensive components
needed to perform blood analysis at the point of care. The System consists of the
following primary components:
1.1
Anaylzer: Analyzer is the handheld i-STAT Analyzer. When a samplefilled i-STAT cartridge is inserted into an analyzer for analysis, the
analyzer automatically controls all functions of the testing cycle including
fluid movement within the cartridge, calibration and continuous quality
monitoring. Results are reported in approximately 120-200 seconds for
cartridges with sensors for electrolytes, chemistries, and hematocrit.
Results are reported in approximately 10 minutes for immunochemical
cartridges such as Troponin I. Results are reported in actual seconds
dependent on results for ACTk cartridges up tp 1000 seconds.
1.2
Cartridges: A single-use disposable cartridge contains microfabricated
sensors, a calibrant solution, fluidics system, and a waste chamber.
Sensors for analysis of sodium, potassium, chloride, ionized calcium,
glucose, creatinine, urea nitrogen (BUN), and hematocrit are available in a
variety of panel configurations. (Table 2). A whole blood sample of
approximately 1 to 3 drops is dispensed into the cartridge sample well and
the sample well is sealed.
1.3
Point-of-Care QCM3 Data System: The i-STAT QCM3 server provides
the primary information management capabilities for the i-STAT System.
Downloaders for the i-STAT Analyzers allow for transmission of patient
records from a widely distributed network of analyzers to the patient’s
medical record. Some i-STAT models can transmit data wirelessly. Data
is stored, organized, edited, and transferred to the laboratory and hospital
information system. Cartridge usage and efficiency reports can be
generated for QCM3 management of the system.
Safety Precautions
2.1
Always wear gloves, proper PPE, and follow safety and biohazard policies
when performing testing with blood.
2.2
i-STAT analyzer and cartridges must be at room temperature for testing
2.2.1 If analyzer is moved from one temperature extreme to another,
please allow time reach new temperature before using
2.2.2 Operate the i-STAT within the temperature and humidity ranges
2.3
Store and use cartridges properly
2.3.1 Cartridges should be refrigerated and should be used before the
box expiration date.
Page 1 of 28
Palmetto Health Laboratories
PC1.025.04 iSTAT Procedure
2.3.2
3.0
Most cartridges are good for 14 days after removal from the
refrigerator. CG8+ cardridges are good for 2 months after
removal from the refrigerator.
2.3.3 If cartridges have been at room temperature for 5 minutes they
cannot be returned to the refrigerator. Never put cartridges back in
the refrigerator after they are at room temperature.
2.3.4 Cartridges are good for only one use
2.3.5 Do not allow cartridges to freeze
2.3.6 Do not expose cartridges to temperatures above 86F (30C)
2.4
i-STAT analyzers should remain still and on flat surface while testing is
in progress
2.5
Only i-STAT cartridges are approved for testing with the i-STAT
instrument
2.5.1 Do not touch the cartridge sensors while handling the cartridge
2.5.2 Do not hold the cartridge with finger pressure
2.5.3 Take care not to crush silver circle while handling the cartridges
2.5.4 NEVER attempt to remove a cartridge while the monitor screen
shows “Cartridge Locked”
2.5.5 Do not overfill the cartridge.
2.5.6 Only fresh whole blood samples obtained in the approved
containers may be used to perform i-STAT testing
2.6
Verify patient identification before testing using the two identifiers
required by collection, PH and lab procedure
2.6.1 Verify 10 digit account number on armband before testing
2.7
Follow Standard Blood and Body Fluid Precautions and all safety
requirements
2.8
Questionable results should be repeated with a new sample and or
confirmed by laboratory tests
2.9
Use scanner properly with laser precautions
2.9.1 Hold barcode 3-12 inches from scanner, and at a 30-135 degree
angle to scan.
2.9.2 Never look into the scanner laser or point it toward anyone’s eyes.
2.10 Check i-STAT for damage or blood before each use
2.10.1 Clean when soiled
2.10.2 Clean between each patient
2.10.3 Clean with alcohol or ammonia based cleaners (Cavicide)
2.11 Call lab POC staff if problems are noted with the i-STAT analyzer
2.12 Dispose of lancets or needles in approved sharps containers.
2.13 Dispose of wastes and cartridges in Biohazardous containers.
2.14 All specimens must be properly labeled with the patient full name, MR#,
Account# (chart label), the date and time of collection, and the initials of
the collector
Equipment
3.1
i-STAT analyzer
Page 2 of 28
Palmetto Health Laboratories
PC1.025.04 iSTAT Procedure
4.0
3.1.1 3.04 in x 9.25 in x 2.85 in (7.68 cm x 23.48 cm x 7.24 cm)
3.1.2 22.9 ounces / 650 grams
3.1.3 Rechargable batteries or 2 9 volt lithium
3.1.4 Memory/clock backup power – Lithium battery
3.1.5 Analyzer Storage Temperature 14-115 F (-10-46 C)
3.1.6 Operating Temperature 61-86 F (16-30 C)
3.1.7 Relative humidity 90% maximum
3.1.8 Display – dot matrix supertwist liquid crystal
3.1.9 Calibration – Factory: electronic, mechanical, thermal, pressure
3.1.10 Communication Link – Infared light-emitting diode (LED)
Required Reagents
4.1
Cartridges are sealed in individual pouches.
4.2
Store the main supply of cartridges at a temperature between 2 to 8°C
(35 to 46°F).
4.3
Do not allow cartridges to freeze. (Freezing will cause higher than
expected ionized calcium results).
4.4
Cartridges may be stored at room temperature (18 to 30°C or 64 to 86°F)
for 14 days, CG8+ may be stored at room temperature for 2 months
4.5
Cartridges should not be returned to the refrigerator once they have been
at room temperature for 5 minutes, and should not be exposed to
temperatures above 30°C (86°F).
4.6
When you remove a cartridge from the box, stamp or write Expires and
the date 14 days from the day/ or 2 months for the CG8+ it is removed.
Do not use after the manufacturer or new RT expiration date. All
cartridges at room temp should have new expiration date recorded. Staff
obtaining cartridges from the laboratory are responsible for dating
supplies.
4.7
Cartridges should remain in pouches until time of use.
4.8
An individual cartridge may be used after 5 minutes out of the refrigerator.
An entire box should stand at room temperature for one hour before
cartridges are used.
4.9
Electronic Simulator
4.9.1 Used for instrument failure or maintenance, the electronic
simulator is stored in the laboratory
4.9.2 Store at room temperature and protect contact pads from
contamination by replacing the plastic cap and placing the
Electronic Simulator in its protective case after use.
4.10 Controls
4.10.1 i-STAT Controls for blood gases, electrolytes, and chemistries
4.10.1.1
Store at 2 to 8°C (35° to 46°F) good until
manufacturers expiration date
4.10.1.2
Warm to room temperature (at least 4 hours) prior
to using. Controls may be stored at room
temperature (18 to 30°C or 64 to 86°F) for five
Page 3 of 28
Palmetto Health Laboratories
PC1.025.04 iSTAT Procedure
5.0
days. Date when taken out of refrigerator with new
expiration
4.10.1.3
Do not use after expiration date on the box and
ampules.
4.10.2 i-STAT Controls for ACT
4.10.2.1
Store at 2 to 8°C (35° to 46°F)
4.10.2.2
Do not use after expiration date on the box and
vials.
4.10.2.3
Controls should be warmed to room temperature
(for up to 4 hrs) before reconstitution, test
immediately after reconstitution.
4.10.3 i-STAT Controls for cTnI and BNP
4.10.3.1
Store unopened @ 2 to 8°C (35° to 46°F) until the
manufacturer expiration date on vial label.
4.10.3.2
Once opened, vials are stable for 30 days when
stored tightly capped @ 2 to 8°C (35° to 46°F).
Date with new room temperature expiration date.
4.10.4 Eurotrol GAS-ISE-HCT QC / CueSee VeriSTAT
4.10.4.1
One vial measures pH, gases, electrolytes,
metabolites, and hematocrit in a single ampule
4.10.4.2
Shelf life refrigerated (2 to 8°C) for 25 months
4.10.4.3
Ampules are stable at room temperature for 10 days
unopened. Date with new expiration date for room
temperature
4.10.4.4
Warm to room temperature for a minimum of 1
hour prior to opening. Do not put ampules back into
the refrigerator once exposed to room temperature.
4.10.4.5
After opening the vials, the product is stable for 30
sec for ABG’s
Performance Specifications and Method Limitations:
5.1
Cartridges and analyzers must be at room temperature.
5.2
Test specimen collection and sample application timing
5.2.1 Samples for ACTk must be tested immediately after collection and
collected in plastic syringes without anticoagulants
5.2.2 Samples for blood gases or ICa must be tested within 10 minutes
of collection and collected in completely filled lithium heparin
tubes anticoagulated tubes or syringes with balanced heparin
anticoagulant filled to labeled capacity. Remix blood in tubes
thoroughly before testing.
5.2.3 Samples for electrolytes, glucose, or creatinine must be tested
within 30 minutes of collection and collected in completely filled
lithium heparin tubes or immediately without anticoagulated tubes.
Remix blood in tubes thoroughly before testing.
Page 4 of 28
Palmetto Health Laboratories
PC1.025.04 iSTAT Procedure
5.2.4
5.2.5
Samples for Troponin I must be tested within 30 minutes of
collection and collected in completely filled lithium heparin tubes
(green top). Remix blood in tubes thoroughly before testing.
See attached chart for interfering substances: Table 1
Potential Interfering Substances
Table 1
ANALYTE
INTERFERENT
INTERFERENT CO NCENTRATIO N
EFFEC T O N ANALYTE
RESULT
Sodium
Bromide
37.5 mmol/L
Increase (↑) Na by 5 mmol/L
Ionize d Calcium
Acetominophen
1.32 mmol/L
Decrease (↓) iCa
Magnesium
1.0 mmol/L
Increase (↑) iCa by 0.04 mmol/L
Acetylcysteine
10.2 mmol/L
Decrease (↓) iCa
Bromide
37.5 mmol/L
Increase (↑) iCa
Lactate
6.6 mmol/L
Decrease (↓) iCa by 0.07 mmol/L
Salicylate therapeutic
0.5 mmol/L
Decrease (↓) iCa by 0.03 mmol/L
Salicylate
4.34 mmol/L
Decrease (↓) iCa
Glucose
Acetominophen
10.2 mmol/L
Decrease (↓) glucose
(Cartridge )
Bromide
37.5 mmol/L
Decrease (↓) glucose
Bromide theraputic
2.5 mmol/L
Decrease (↓) glucose by 5 mg/dL
pH
pH: per 0.1 pH units below 7.4 @ 37°C
Decrease (↓) glucose by 0.9
mg/dL (0.05 mmol/L)
pH: per 0.1 pH units above 7.4 @ 37°C
Increase (↑) glucose by 0.8
mg/dL (0.04 mmol/L)
Oxygen
PO2 less than 20 mmHg @ 37°C
May decrease (↓) glucose
Hydroxyurea
0.92 mmol/L
Increase (↑) glucose
Thiocyanate
6.9 mmol/L
Decrease (↓) glucose by approx. 7
mg/dL
Page 5 of 28
Palmetto Health Laboratories
PC1.025.04 iSTAT Procedure
ANALYTE
INTERFERENT
INTERFERENT CO NCENTRATIO N
EFFEC T O N ANALYTE
RESULT
Cre atinine
Acetaminophen
1.32 mmol/L
Increase (↑) creatinine
Ascorbate
0.34 mmol/L
Increase (↑) creatinine by 0.3
mg/dL
Bromide
37.5 mmol/L
Increase (↑) creatinine
PCO2
Above 40 mmHg
Increase (↑) creatinine by 6.9%
per 10 mmHg PCO2
Below 40 mmHg
Decrease (↓) creatinine by 6.9%
per 10 mmHg PCO2
Above 40 mmHg
Decrease (↓) creatinine by 3.7%
per 10 mmHg PCO2
Below 40 mmHg
Increase (↑) creatinine by 3.7%
per 10 mmHg PCO2
Hydroxyurea
0.92 mmol/L
Increase (↑) creatinine, use
another method
Acetylcysteine
10.2 mmol/L
Increase (↑) creatinine
White Blood Count
(WBC)
Greater than 50,000 WBC/µL
May Increase (↑) hematocrit
Total Protein
For measured Hct<40%
For each g/dL below 6.5
For each g/dL above 8.0
Decrease (↓) Hct by 1% PCV
Increase (↑) Hct by 1% PCV
For measured Hct≥40%
For each g/dL below 6.5
For each g/dL above 8.0
Decrease (↓) Hct by 0.75% PCV
Increase (↑) Hct by 0.75% PCV
Abnormally high
Increase (↑) Hct
<2 mg/dL
>2 mg/dL
Hematocrit
PCO2
Lipids
Celite ACT
Aprotinin
Falsely extends Celite ACT times
PCO 2
Propofol (Diprovan ®)
For patients administered
propofol or thiopental sodium, iST AT recommends the use of
G3+, CG4+, CG8 +, EG6+, and
EG7+ cartridges, which are free
from clinically significant
interference at all relevant
therapeutic doses. i-ST AT does
not recommend the use of EC8+
cartridges for patients receiving
propofol or thiopental sodium.
Thiopental Sodium
Diprivan is a registered trademark of the AstraZeneca group of companies.
Page 6 of 28
Palmetto Health Laboratories
PC1.025.04 iSTAT Procedure
6.0
Primary Sample System
6.1
Always wear gloves and proper PPE when collecting and testing blood
samples.
6.2
Always properly identify patients before collections
6.2.1 All specimens must be properly labeled with the patient full name,
MR#, Account#, the date and time of collection, and the initials of
the collector (units may use chart labels with collection
information noted)
6.3
In-Dwelling Line
6.3.1 Back flush line with sufficient amount of blood to remove
intravenous solution, heparin, or medications that may contaminate
the sample. Recommendation: five to six times the volume of the
catheter, connectors, and needle.
6.3.2 If collecting sample for ACT, clear the line first with 5mL saline
and discard the first 5mL of blood.
6.4
Arterial Specimens
6.4.1 For cartridge testing of blood gases, electrolytes, chemistries, and
hematocrit, fill a plain syringe or fill a blood gas syringe, labeled
for the assays to be performed, to the recommended capacity, or
use the least amount of liquid heparin anticoagulant that will
prevent clotting.
6.4.2 Under-filling syringes containing liquid heparin will decrease
results due to dilution and will decrease ionized calcium results
due to binding.
6.4.3 For ionized calcium, balanced or low volume heparin blood gas
syringes should be used.
6.4.4 Do not expose sample to air or PCO2 may decrease, pH may
increase and PO2 may decrease if the value is above or increase if
the value is below the PO2 of room air (approximately 150
mmHg).
6.4.5 For cartridge testing of ACT, use only a plain, plastic syringe
without anticoagulant.
6.4.6 Mix blood and anticoagulant by rolling syringe between palms for
at least 5 seconds each in two different directions, then invert the
syringe repeatedly for at least 5 seconds. Discard the first two
drops of blood.
6.4.7 For blood gas testing, avoid or remove immediately any air drawn
into syringe to maintain anaerobic conditions.
6.4.8 Test samples collected without anticoagulant immediately.
6.4.9 Test samples for ACT, PT/INR and lactate immediately.
6.4.10 For pH, blood gases, TCO2 and ionized calcium, test within 10
minutes of collection. If not tested immediately, remix the sample
and discard the first two drops of blood from a syringe before
Page 7 of 28
Palmetto Health Laboratories
PC1.025.04 iSTAT Procedure
6.5
6.6
6.7
testing. Note that it may be difficult to properly remix a sample in
a 1.0 cc syringe.
6.4.11 For other cartridge tests, test sample within 30 minutes of
collection.
Venous Specimens
6.5.1 For cartridge testing of electrolytes, chemistries, and hematocrit,
collect sample into an evacuated blood collection tube or a syringe
containing sodium, lithium, or balanced heparin anticoagulant.
6.5.2 For ionized calcium measurements, balanced heparin or 10 U of
sodium or lithium heparin/mL of blood is recommended. Fill tubes
to capacity; fill syringes for correct heparin-to-blood ratio.
Incomplete filling causes higher heparin-to-blood ratio, which will
decrease ionized calcium results and may affect other results. The
use of partial – draw tubes (evacuated tubes that are adjusted to
draw less than the tube volume, e.g. a 5 mL tube with enough
vacuum to draw only 3 mL) is not recommended for blood gas or
CHEM8+ cartridges because of the potential for decreased PCO2,
HCO3 and TCO2 values.
6.5.3 For cartridge testing of ACT, use only a plain, plastic syringe or
collection tube containing no anticoagulant. Use a plastic capillary
tube, pipette, or syringe to transfer sample from a tube to a
cartridge.
6.5.4 Mix blood and anticoagulant by inverting a tube gently at least ten
times. Roll a syringe vigorously between the palms for at least 5
seconds each in two different directions, then invert the syringe
repeatedly for at least 5 seconds, then discard the first two drops of
blood. Note that it may be difficult to properly mix a sample in a 1
cc syringe.
6.5.5 Test Sample collected without anticoagulant immediately.
6.5.6 Test samples for ACT, and lactate PT/INR immediately.
6.5.7 Test samples for pH, PCO2, TCO2 and ionized calcium within 10
minutes of sample draw. If not tested immediately, remix the
sample before testing and discard the first two drops of blood from
a syringe before testing.
6.5.8 For other cartridge tests, test sample within 30 minutes of
collection.
Capillary Collections
6.6.1 Direct application from capillary collections is not acceptable
6.6.2 Use either plastic heparinized capillary collection tubes or collect
in a microtainer for transfer to i-STAT cartridge
6.6.3 Test capillary samples immediately after collection
Specimen Rejection Criteria DO NOT USE:
6.7.1 Evidence of clotting – DO NOT USE
Page 8 of 28
Palmetto Health Laboratories
PC1.025.04 iSTAT Procedure
6.7.2
6.7.3
6.7.4
6.7.5
6.7.6
6.7.7
Specimens collected in vacuum tubes with anticoagulant other than
lithium or sodium heparin
Specimens for ACT collected in glass syringes or tubes or with
anticoagulant of any kind
Syringe for pH, PCO2 , PO2 and TCO2 with air bubbles in sample
Incompletely filled vacuum tube for the measurement of ionized
calcium, PCO2 , HCO3 or TCO2
Other sample types such as urine, CSF, and pleural fluid
Avoid collections with the following:
6.7.7.1 Drawing a specimen from an arm with an I.V.
6.7.7.2 Stasis (tourniquet left on longer than one minute before
venipuncture)
6.7.7.3 Extra muscle activity (fist pumping)
6.7.7.4 Hemolysis (alcohol left over puncture site, or a traumatic
draw)
6.7.7.5 Icing before filling cartridge
6.7.7.6 Time delays before filling cartridge, especially lactate,
ACT, and PT/INR
6.7.7.7 Exposing the sample to air when measuring pH, PCO2 , PO2
and TCO2
Page 9 of 28
Palmetto Health Laboratories
PC1.025.04 iSTAT Procedure
See Table 2 Cartridge Panel Configurations and Blood Volume
EG7+
EG6+
CG4+
G3+
EC8+
6+
EC4+
E3+
G
Crea
ACT
PT /INR
cTnI
CK-MB
BNP
7.0
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Hb
•
BE
•
SO2
•
TCO2
•
HCO3
TCO2
•
cTnI
Hct
•
ACT
Creat
•
Glu
•
iCa
PO2
PCO2
K
95
95
95
95
95
95
65
65
65
65
65
65
40
20
17
17
17
(Shading denotes calculated values)
Cl
CG8+
Na
CHEM8+
pH
Vol.
µL
Cartridge
Table 2: Cartridge Pane l Configurations and Blood Volume
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Type of Container Additives
7.1
Cartridges for Blood Gas/Electrolytes/Chemistries/Hematocrit
7.1.1 Skin puncture: lancet and capillary collection tube (plain, lithium
heparin, or balanced heparin for electrolytes and blood gases)
7.1.2 Venipuncture: lithium or sodium heparin collection tubes and
disposable transfer device (e.g., 1cc syringe and a 16 to 20 gauge
needle).
7.1.3 Arterial puncture: Plain syringe or blood gas syringe with heparin
and labeled for the assays performed or with the least amount of
heparin to prevent clotting (10 U heparin/mL of blood)
7.1.4 Fresh whole blood collected in a plain capillary collection tube or
capillary collection tube with balanced heparin.
7.1.5 Fresh whole blood collected in a collection tube with lithium or
sodium heparin anticoagulant. Fill collection tubes to capacity.
7.1.6 Fresh whole blood collected in a plain plastic syringe or in a blood
gas syringe labeled for the assays to be performed. Fill syringes
for correct blood-to-heparin ratio.
7.2
Cartridges for ACT
7.2.1 Skin puncture/ capillary samples are not acceptable
Page 10 of 28
•
•
Palmetto Health Laboratories
PC1.025.04 iSTAT Procedure
7.2.2
8.0
Venipuncture and arterial puncture: plain plastic syringe without
anticoagulant
7.2.3 Fresh whole blood without anticoagulant collected in a plastic
syringe. If from an indwelling line, flush the line with 5mL saline
and discard the first 5mL of blood or three to six dead space
volumes of the catheter.
7.2.4 Fresh whole blood collected in a plastic tube without
anticoagulant, clot activators, or serum separators. Device used to
transfer sample to cartridge must be plastic.
7.3
Cartridges for Troponin I/ cTnI and CK-MB
7.3.1 Skin puncture/ capillary samples are not acceptable
7.3.2 Venipuncture: lithium or sodium heparin collection tubes and
disposable transfer device (e.g. 1 cc syringe and a 16 to 20 gauge
needle).
7.3.3 Fresh heparinized whole blood or plasma samples collected in
syringes or evacuated tubes containing lithium or sodium heparin.
Collection tubes must be filled at least half full.
Maintenance / Instrument Operations Schedules
8.1
Instruments must be kept clean and free of body fluids. Check i-STAT for
damage or blood before each use. Contact lab if instrument is damaged
8.1.1 Clean when soiled
8.1.2 Clean between each patient
8.1.3 Clean with alcohol (preferably not on rubber) or Cavicide cleaner
8.1.4 Turn off instrument before cleaning
8.1.5 Do not use straight bleach or hydrogen peroxide based cleaners.
8.1.6 Do not get moisture into the instrument
8.1.7 Exercise standard safety precautions at all times when handling the
analyzer, cartridges, and peripherals to prevent exposure to bloodborne pathogens.
8.1.8 The analyzer is NOT designed to be sterilized or autoclaved by any
method, including those using gas, (e.g. steam, ethylene oxide, etc)
high heat, bead, radiation, or other chemical processes. The
analyzer is splash resistant, but should not be immersed in any
liquids.
8.1.9 If the analyzer is placed on a wet surface or if any liquid is spilled
onto it, dry the analyzer immediately. If liquid enters the
compartments, the analyzer may be damaged
8.2
Daily Maintenance
8.2.1 Internal Electronic Simulator will be run at least every 8 hrs of
instrument use
8.2.2 Instruments should be downloaded at a minimum
8.2.2.1 Daily, or
8.2.2.2 After every patient test, or
8.2.2.3 After every patient surgery case
Page 11 of 28
Palmetto Health Laboratories
PC1.025.04 iSTAT Procedure
8.3
9.0
Monthly Maintenance
8.2.1 All instruments will all have appropriate liquid QC run
8.3
6 Months Maintenance
8.3.1 CLEW updates as dictated by Abbott and laboratory
8.3.2 External Electronic Simulator, Thermal Probe
8.3.3 Liquid QC will be run after updating
8.3.3 Calibration Verification (3 levels) will be run after updating
8.3.4 Semiannual comparisons
8.4
As needed Maintenance
8.4.1 Placing the i-STAT in a downloader/recharger will automatically
initiate recharging of the rechargeable battery. Use only i-STAT
rechargeable batteries
8.4.1.1 The indicator light on top of the downloader/recharger will
be green (trickle charge), red (fast charge) or blinking red
(fast charge pending)
8.4.2 Exchange rechargeable batteries from the downloader to the
instrument, replacing the spent battery in the downloader
8.4.2.1 Placing a rechargeable battery in the recharging
compartment on the downloader will initiate a trickle
recharge as indicated by green indicator light
8.4.3 Use of wireless i-STAT will result in a 30% reduction in the life of
the battery (in terms of cartridge usage) due to wireless downloads
8.4.4 External Electronic Simulator for troubleshooting
8.4.5 Other troubleshooting procedures as recommended by Abbott
8.5
Proficiency Testing
8.5.1 According to lab policy Q1.016 Proficiency Testing, per analyte
8.6
Installing the battery pack, note the orientation labels
8.6.1 Install rechargeable battery pack with the large centrally located
red dot facing the front of the i-STAT
8.6.2 Install rechargeable battery pack with the small off center red dot
located to the bottom left of the downloader (make sure that the
pack is locked into position)
Calibration Procedures
9.1
For cartridges, calibration is automatically performed as part of the test
cycle on each cartridge type, except coagulation and immunoassay
cartridges. Operator intervention is not necessary.
9.2
Laboratory will perform validation for all new i-STAT instruments before
being placed into use according to Abbott validation procedures. (see
procedure PC1.026)
9.3
Laboratory will perform semi-annual correlation studies for all i-STAT
instruments in use where applicable
9.4
External Electronic Simulator will be used by the laboratory for
troubleshooting problems
9.5
CLEW updates as dictated by Abbott
Page 12 of 28
Palmetto Health Laboratories
PC1.025.04 iSTAT Procedure
10.0
9.6
Calibration Verifications (3 levels) semi annual
Quality Control Procedures
10.1 Daily Procedures - Analyzer Verification
10.1.1 Verify the performance of each handheld analyzer or Blood
Analysis Module in the i-STAT System using the internal
electronic simulator at a minimum every 24 or 8 hours of use, or as
needed for regulatory compliance
10.1.2 Verification using the internal electronic simulator is required
every 8 hours for blood gases, hematocrit, ACT, cTnI.
10.1.3 Note: If the internal Electronic Simulator is used, the “PASS”
message will not be displayed on the analyzer screen.
10.1.4 The “PASS” record will appear in the analyzer’s stored results for
transmission to the system.
10.2 Daily refrigerator check:
10.2.1 All locations storing iSTAT Cartridges will verify the refrigerator
storage temperature daily and follow POC Policy for temperature
requirements
10.2.2 Refrigerator temperatures must be maintained at 2 to 8 degrees C
(35 to 46 degrees F)
10.2.3 If the temperature is outside the range of 2 to 8°C (35 to 46°F),
quarantine the cartridges in the storage refrigerator.
10.2.3.1
Notify the i-STAT System Coordinator
immediately.
10.2.3.2
DO NOT USE the cartridges from refrigerator.
10.2.3.3
Record the QC failure in the i-STAT QC Log along
with the action taken.
10.3 New shipment of cartridges:
10.3.1 Verify that the transit temperature was satisfactory using the four
window temperature indicator strip.
10.3.1.1
Write ok in the appropriate block matching
temperature window to column.
10.3.2 Enter the date and time received. Initial
10.3.3 Temperature records will be kept on site for 2 years.
10.3.4 Cartridges from each lot number received should be tested using
10.3.4.1
Minimum of 2 levels of liquid QC, or as appropriate
10.3.5 Units will be required to sign out reagents obtained from the lab to
track inventory
10.4 Monthly quality control (liquid QC):
10.4.1 All i-STAT testing locations will participate in performing quality
control using liquid controls monthly by the users for each iSTAT.
10.4.2 Liquid QC will be rotated among users in each area
10.4.3 All cartridge types will be included in the monthly quality control
check.
Page 13 of 28
Palmetto Health Laboratories
PC1.025.04 iSTAT Procedure
10.5
Performing i-STAT quality control using liquid quality control
(Performed by testing personnel)
10.5.1 Handle all control products using the same safety precautions used
when handling any infectious material.
10.5.2 Controls should be removed from the refrigerator along with
iSTAT cartridges to be tested and brought to room temperature.
10.5.2.1
For CG8+ (containing ICa) the contents of one
ampule must be used immediately to fill cartridges,
i.e. multiple instruments, or a separate ampule will
be required
10.5.2.2
Ampules for testing ABG’s and Chem must stand at
room temperature for at least 1 hour before use (or
according to manufacturer instructions)
10.5.2.3
For CG8+ immediately before use, shake the
ampule vigorously for 5-10 seconds to equilibrate
the liquid and gas phases, holding the ampule at the
tip and bottom with forfinger and thumb to
minimize increasing the temperature of the solution.
10.5.2.4
For ACT LQC warm to room temperature for at
least 45 minutes. Pour entire contents of calcium
chloride vial into the lyophilized plasma vial and
replace stopper. Allow reconstituted vial to sit for 1
minute, mix by swirling gently for 1 minute, and
then invert slowly for 30 seconds. Test within 30
seconds of completed processing
10.5.2.5
For cTn1 LQC, remove vials from refrigerator and
bring to room temperature for 15 minutes. Mix
completely by swirling contents and avoiding
foaming.
10.5.2.6
For Eurotrol LQC allow the ampule to equilibrate at
room temperature for at least 1 hour prior to use.
(ampules are stable for 10 days at room temp
unopened). Shake vigorously for at least 15
seconds to re-equilibrate the gases (thumb and
forefinger hold). Pop top carefully and load
cartridge within 30 seconds (for gases).
10.5.3 Point of Care will distribute the quality control material LQC to be
tested to the units.
10.5.4 Turn iSTAT on.
10.5.5 Press menu.
10.5.6 Press 3, Quality Test.
10.5.7 Press 1, Control.
10.5.8 Scan or enter operator ID.
10.5.9 Enter control Lot #, press enter.
Page 14 of 28
Palmetto Health Laboratories
PC1.025.04 iSTAT Procedure
10.6
10.5.10 Enter cartridge Lot #, by scanning barcode on package.
10.5.11 Immediately before use, shake the control ampule vigorously for
5 to 10 seconds for ABG, Chem testing
10.5.11.1
To shake, hold the ampule at the tip and bottom
with forefinger and thumb to minimize increasing
the temperature of the solution.
10.5.12 Protect fingers w/ gauze, tissue, or glove to snap off ampule neck
10.5.13 Use a syringe or pipette to immediately transfer solution to
cartridge
10.5.14 Immediately seal the cartridge and insert it into the analyzer.
10.5.15 Do not remove cartridge when locked message is displayed
10.5.16 When results display, compare the result to the allowable ranges
VAS (provided by laboratory Point of Care staff)
10.5.17 Results that exceed the target values must be repeated.
10.5.17.1
Obtain a new vial of QC material and repeat QC
steps
10.5.17.2
If QC fails again, notify Point of Care immediately.
10.5.17.3
No testing can be performed on the iSTAT until
troubleshooting is done.
Troubleshooting out-of-range results:
10.6.1 Verify that the following conditions are met, and then repeat the
test.
10.6.2 The correct expected values insert is being used, and the correct
cartridge type and lot number listing is being used.
10.6.3 Expiration date printed on the cartridge pouch and control ampule
or vial have not been exceeded.
10.6.4 Room temperature date for cartridge and control has not been
exceeded.
10.6.5 Cartridge and control have been stored correctly.
10.6.6 The control material has been handled correctly.
10.6.7 The analyzer being used passes the electronic simulator test.
10.6.8 If the results are still out of range, repeat the test using a new box
of control solutions and cartridges.
10.6.9 If the results are still out, call Point of Care; and someone will call
Abbott Support Services.
Page 15 of 28
Palmetto Health Laboratories
PC1.025.04 iSTAT Procedure
Cartridge redesign features to be introduced summer 2014
Old Design
New Design
Cart and fill well
Cart and fill well
Fill line indicator
Fill line indicator
Sample latch design
Sample latch design
Page 16 of 28
Palmetto Health Laboratories
PC1.025.04 iSTAT Procedure
Thumbwell hold for easier handling and removal
11.0 Procedural Steps
(other than Tropnin I/cTnI)
11.1 An individual cartridge may be used after standing 5 minutes, in its pouch,
at room temperature. An entire box should stand at room temperature for
one hour before cartridges are used.
11.2 Turn the analyzer on and press 2 for i-STAT Cartridge.
11.3 Scan or enter the operator ID
11.4 Scan or enter the patient ID. Repeat if prompted.
11.5 Scan Cartridge Lot number from the cartridge portion pack.
11.6 Remove the cartridge from its pouch. Avoid touching the contact pads or
exerting pressure over the calibrant pack in the center of the cartridge.
Hold the cartridge only by the sides!
11.7 Following thorough mixing of the properly labeled sample, direct the
dispensing tip or device containing the blood into the sample well.
11.7.1 Dispense the sample until it reaches the fill mark on the cartridge
and the well is about half full.
11.7.2 Avoid exposing sample to air when testing venous blood for ICa
and pH.
11.7.3 A full vacutainer must be drawn for the ionized calcium and pH.
Partial draws are not acceptable specimens for testing ICA and pH.
11.8 Close the cover over the sample well until it snaps into place. (Do not
press over the sample well.)
11.9 Insert the cartridge into the cartridge port on the analyzer until it clicks
into place.
11.9.1 Message will appear that states “Identifying Cartridge”
11.9.2 When using an ACT cartridge, the analyzer must remain horizontal
during the testing cycle.
11.10 Choose the number corresponding to the type of sample used when
prompted at the Sample Type field, this must be entered to obtain results
11.10.1
1-Arterial
11.10.2
2-Venous
11.10.3
3-Capillary
11.11 Never attempt to remove a cartridge while the LCK or “Cartridge Locked”
message is displayed. This will damage the i-STAT
Page 17 of 28
Palmetto Health Laboratories
PC1.025.04 iSTAT Procedure
11.12
11.13
11.14
11.15
11.16
Instrument automatically corrects for CBP.
Press the → key to return to the results page.
View results shown on the analyzer’s display screen.
Enter Comment Code if prompted.
Remove the cartridge after “Cartridge Locked” message disappears. The
analyzer is ready for the next test immediately.
12.0 Procedural Steps
(Troponin)
12.1 Only acceptable sample is a properly labeled green top (Li Heparin) tube
that is properly filled, not clotted, and well mixed
12.1.1 Retain green top tubes in the ER area until the second i-STAT
Troponin has been performed
12.2 The i-STAT cTnI cartridges can only be used with the i-STAT1Analyzer
bearing the
symbol. This symbol is located on the grey casing next to
the lower right corner of the analyzer display screen. Before testing cTnI
cartridges on the i-STAT 1 Analyzer, the analyzer must be customized
through the software systems by the
12.2.1 Cartridge Information Required & Cartridge Lot Number
Required, or
12.2.2 Cartridge Barcode Required.
12.3 Press the On/Off key to turn analyzer on.
12.4 Press 2 for i-STAT Cartridge from the Test Menu.
12.5 Scan or Enter Operator ID.
12.6 Scan or Enter Patient ID. Repeat if prompted.
12.7 Scan Cartridge Lot number from the cartridge portion pack.
12.8 Remove cartridge from portion pack.
12.8.1 Handle the cartridge by its edges.
12.8.2 Avoid touching the contact pads or exerting pressure over the
center of the cartridge.
12.9 Following thorough mixing of the properly labeled sample, discard 1-2
drops whole blood from the delivery device to clear unseen bubbles. Hang
drop(s) slightly larger than the round “target well”. Touch the drop to the
well allowing cartridge to draw sample in. Do NOT load cartridge with a
needle..
12.10 Close the cTnI cartridge:
12.10.1
First anchor the cartridge in place by using the thumb and
index finger of one hand to grasp the cartridge from its side
edges away from the sample inlet.
12.10.2
Use the thumb of the other hand to slide the plastic closure
clip to the right until it locks into place over the sample
well.
12.10.3
Note: When sliding the closure clip, the index finger of
that same hand should not be placed directly across from
the thumb, as this could result in the sample being pushed
Page 18 of 28
Palmetto Health Laboratories
PC1.025.04 iSTAT Procedure
onto the user’s glove. This index finger should be placed
just above the position of the sliding clip during closure or
not at all.
12.11 Insert cartridge into cartridge port. Grasp the cartridge “slide cover”
between your first finger and thumb, using the thumb recess. Hold the
analyzer in place with one hand. With the other gently guide the cartridge
into the analyzer, releasing the cartridge only after it is fully inserted.
12.11.1
The analyzer must remain on a level surface with the
display facing up during testing. Motion of the analyzer
during testing can increase the frequency of suppressed
results or quality check codes.
12.11.2
Do not move the i-STAT while testing is engaged
12.11.3
You may place i-STAT in the docking station while testing
is running (after initiation) and results will auto download
when completed
12.12 Choose the number corresponding to the type of sample used when
prompted at the Sample Type field
12.12.1
1-Arterial
12.12.2
2-Venous
12.12.3
3-Capillary
12.13 The Time to Results countdown bar will then be displayed. Once time has
elapsed, view results on analyzer’s display.
12.13 Remove cartridge after Cartridge Locked message disappears. The
analyzer is ready for the next test immediately.
13.0
Results Reporting
13.1 Calculations: The i-STAT handheld contains a microprocessor that
performs all calculations required for reporting results.
13.2 Displayed Results: Results are displayed numerically with their units.
13.2.1 Electrolyte, chemistry and hematocrit results are also depicted as
bar graphs with reference ranges marked under the graphs.
13.3 Suppressed Results: There are three conditions under which the i-STAT
System will not display results:
13.3.1 Results outside the System’s reportable ranges are flagged with a <
or > or < > indicating that the result is below the lower limit or
above the upper limit of the reportable range respectively. (See the
Page 19 of 28
Palmetto Health Laboratories
PC1.025.04 iSTAT Procedure
table of Reportable Ranges.) The < > flag indicates that the results
for this test were dependant on the result of a test flagged as either
> or <.
13.3.1.1
Action: Send specimen(s) to the laboratory for
analysis, if necessary
13.3.2 Cartridge results which are not reportable based on internal QC
rejection criteria are flagged with *** (sensor errors or interfering
substances)
13.3.2.1
Action: Analyze the specimen again using a fresh
sample and another cartridge. If the result is
suppressed again, send specimen(s) to the
laboratory for analysis in accordance with the
Laboratory Procedure Manual.
13.3.3 A Quality Check message will be reported instead of results if the
handheld detects a problem with the sample, calibrator solution,
sensors, or mechanical or electrical functions of the handheld
during the test cycle.
13.3.3.1
Action: Take the action displayed with the message
that
identifies the problem. Refer to the i-STAT or iSTAT 1
System Manual’s Troubleshooting if needed
13.4 Results that are above or below the action ranges are flagged with up or
down arrows.
13.4.1 Validate test results by either repeating or confirming clinically
13.4.2 Enter appropriate comment code (required) 12 Physician Notified
13.4.3 Send testing to the lab when appropriate, always match results to
patient clinical conditions. Perform lab testing on any questionable
results
14.0 Reference Intervals
See Table 3
15.0 Alert and/or Critical Values
See Table 3
15.1 Critical results are test results that fall outside high and low critical limits
that define the boundaries of life-threatening values for a test. Critical
results represent an emergency condition and must be reported
immediately to the patient’s attending physician or nurse.
15.1.1 Critical Panic results notifications must be documented in EMR
with appropriate information including patient ID, operator ID,
date time, provider, test, result, and read back if notification is
phoned to provider
15.2 Test results considered as Panics, will display an up arrow for increased
results and down arrow for decreased test results.
15.2.1 It is always good laboratory practice to verify Panic values by
repeat testing before treatment is administered or clinical
correlation.
Page 20 of 28
Palmetto Health Laboratories
PC1.025.04 iSTAT Procedure
15.3
15.4
15.5
15.6
15.7
15.8
If the results obtained on the iSTAT are questioned for any reason a
second sample should be drawn (draw enough to fill tubes to send to the
Laboratory if necessary) and a repeat test done on the iSTAT.
15.3.1 Send sample to the lab if i-STAT results are still questionable
15.3.2 Should the results still be questioned order the appropriate
Laboratory test in Cerner.
ENTER COMMENT CODE 1 REPEAT TEST. Unit must notify the POC
Coordinator if tests should be credited and reasons noted
Star outs **** indicate the electronic sensors were compromised. Obtain
a new sample and perform the test again.
Tests that show the < or > are outside the cartridge reportable range.
These tests may need to be verified by having the test performed in the
Laboratory.
A comment code corresponding to the action taken when panic results are
obtained will be requested by the i-STAT. You will not be able to
perform another test on the i-STAT until the comment code is entered.
Enter the number corresponding to the action taken:
15.7.1
0 - No Action Required
15.7.2
1 - Repeat Test
15.7.3
2 - Procedure Error
15.7.4
12 - Dr. Notified (required entry for Panic results)
15.7.5
10 - Lab Verification Requested
Warning Message, if testing is disabled due to a warning message, the
condition must be corrected and the analyzer must be turned off and back
on again before testing is enabled.
15.8.1 Remove the cartridge after Cartridge-Locked message disappears
15.8.2 The i-STAT is ready to perform next test
Table 3
Analytes Reference Ranges, Panic Values, Technical Limits
ANALYTE
UNIT
AGE RANGE
REFERENCE
RANGE
PANIC
RESULTS
REPORTABLE
RANGE
So dium
mmol/L
0-6 mos
131 - 142
< 125 - > 150
100 - 180
>6 mos to adult
136 - 145
< 120 - > 160
0-6 mos
3.2 – 6.2
< 2.5 - > 7.0
>6 mos to adult
3.5 – 5.1
< 2.5 - > 6.5
Potassium
Chloride
mmol/L
mmol/L
97 – 108
Page 21 of 28
2.0 – 9.0
65 - 140
Palmetto Health Laboratories
PC1.025.04 iSTAT Procedure
CO2
mmol/L
BUN
Creatinine
mg/dL
0-6 mos
13 – 21
< 10
>6 mos to adult
14 - 32
< 10 - > 40
0-6 mos
1 – 16
>6 mos to adult
4 - 21
0-6 mos
0.1 – 0.8
> 4.0
>6 mos to adult
0.6 – 1.3
> 15.0
Ionized Calcium
0 - 140
0.2 – 20.0
>60.0
GFR
Glucose
5 - 50
mg/dL
mmol/L
0-6 mos
>6 mos to adult
50 – 80
< 40 - > 201
70 – 99 fasting
< 40 - > 500
20 - 700
0-6 mos
1.00 – 1.50
< 0.78 - > 1.58
0.25 – 2.50
>6 mos to adult
1.16 – 1.32
> 0.60
0.00 – 50.00
T roponin I
ng/mL
< 0.08
Kaolin ACT
seconds
82 – 152 (NONWRM)
Hematocrit
%PCV
cTnI
Hemoglobin
g/dL
*Calculated
pH
PCO2
PO2
T CO2
mmHg
mmHg
50 - 1000
0-6 mos
30.5 – 54.0
< 25 - > 65
>6 mos to adult
31.0 – 43.5
< 18.0 - > 60.0
0-6 mos
10.0 – 20.0
0-1 mos < 9.6
>6 mos to adult
10.1 – 14.5
Adult < 5.5
7.35 – 7.45
< 7.25 - > 7.60
6.50 – 8.20
35 - 45
< 20 - > 60
5 - 130
80 - 100
< 55 - > 500
5 - 800
mmol/L
sO2
*Calculated
22 - 26
< 11 - > 40
-2 to +2
BE
*Calculated
%
3.4 – 25.5
5 - 50
mmol/L
*Calculated
HCO3
10 - 75
95 - 101
Page 22 of 28
< 85
Palmetto Health Laboratories
PC1.025.04 iSTAT Procedure
Table 4
CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE
Analyte
Some Causes of
Increased Values
Some Causes of
Decreased Values
Sodium
Dehydration
Diabetes insipidus
Salt poisoning
Skin losses
Hyperaldosteronism
CNS disorders
Dilutional hyponatremia (cirrhosis)
Depletional hyponatremia
Syndrome of inappropriate ADH
Potassium
Renal glomerular disease
Adrenocortical insufficiency
Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA)
Sepsis
In vitro hemolysis
Renal tubular disease
Hyperaldosteronism
Treatment of DKA
Hyperinsulinism
Metabolic alkalosis
Diuretic therapy
Ionized
Calcium
Dehydration
Hyperparathyroidism
Malignancies
Immobilization
Thiazide diuretics
Vitamin D intoxication
Hypoparathyroidism
Early neonatal hypocalcemia
Chronic renal disease
Pancreatitis
Massive blood transfusions
Severe malnutrition
Glucose
Diabetes mellitus
Pancreatitis
Endocrine disorders (e.g. Cushing’s syndrome)
Drugs (e.g. steroids, thyrotoxicosis)
Chronic renal failure
Stress
IV glucose infusion
Insulinoma
Adrenocortical insufficiency
Hypopituitarism/Massive liver
disease
Ethanol ingestion/Reactive
hypoglycemia
Glycogen storage disease
Creatinine
Impaired renal function
Page 23 of 28
Palmetto Health Laboratories
PC1.025.04 iSTAT Procedure
Analyte
Some Causes of
Increased Values
Some Causes of
Decreased Values
pH
Respiratory alkalosis
Metabolic alkalosis
Respiratory acidosis
Metabolic acidosis
PCO2
Acute Respiratory Acidosis:
Respiratory alkalosis:
• Depression of respiratory center
• Increased stimulation of
respirator center
• Suppressed neuromuscular system
• Pulmonary disorders
• Inadequate mechanical ventilation
Chronic respiratory acidosis
• Hypermetabolic states
• Mechanical hyperventilation
Compensation in metabolic acidosis
• Decreased alveolar ventilation
• Hypoventilation
Compensation in metabolic alkalosis
PO2
Breathing oxygen-enriched air
Carbon-monoxide exposure
Pulmonary disorders
Myocardial infarction
Congestive heart failure
HCO3 and
TCO2
Primary metabolic alkalosis
Primary metabolic acidosis
Primary respiratory acidosis
Primary respiratory alkalosis
Hematocrit
Dehydration
Burns
Hemolytic anemias
Iron deficiency
Impaired ventilation
Renal disorders
Marrow depression
Blood loss
ACT Kaolin
Administration of heparin for medical or surgical
procedures.
cTnI
Myocardial Infarction
Coronary vasospasm
Cardiac contusion/trauma
Rhythm disturbance (SVT, AF)
Chemotherapy (ex. Adriamycin)
Myocarditis/pericarditis
Infiltrative diseases (ex. Amyloidosis,
sarcoidosis, hemochromatosis, connective tissue
disease)
Congestive heart failure
Heart transplantation
Cardiac procedures (PTCA, DC cardioversion)
Intracranial hemorrhage/stroke
Pulmonary embolism
Page 24 of 28
Rare antibodies to troponin or its
circulating complexes
Palmetto Health Laboratories
PC1.025.04 iSTAT Procedure
Analyte
Some Causes of
Increased Values
Some Causes of
Decreased Values
Pulmonary hypertension
Chronic renal insufficiency
Sepsis
Strenuous exercise
Certain drug ingestions
16.0 i-STAT Configuration
16.1 See PC1.026 procedure for management of i-STAT system
17.0 Downloading i-STAT instruments
17.1 Transmitting Results from the i-STAT 1 Analyzer to the Data Manager
17.1.1 Place handheld in a Downloader or Downloader/Recharger.
17.1.2 Do not move handheld while the message “Communication in
Progress” is displayed.
17.1.3 i-STAT instruments should remain in the downloaders when not in
use
17.1.4 Tests such as Troponins can be run while the i-STAT instrument is
in the downloader, provided the instrument is placed in the
downloader prior to the cartridge insertion
17.1.5 Wireless i-STAT (blue face) have the ability to transmit results
wirelessly, by operator prompt, or if wireless connections fail they
can transmit through the downloaders
17.1.5.1
Handheld must remain at least 20 cm (appx 8
inches) from
the body when the radio is ON.
Radio is ON when:
17.1.5.1.1
the handheld is tramsmitting
17.1.5.1.2
the operator is using the Wireless
Utility Menu
17.1.5.1.3
during the first 2 minutes following a
testing cycle
17.1.5.2
When placed in a downloader/recharger the wireless
i-STATs will attempt to download wirelessly first,
and if unsuccessful the i-STAT will send results
through the downloader automatically
17.1.6 Operators may transmit results wirelessly to the data management
system
17.1.6.1
Directly following an individual test cycle using the
Test Options Menu
17.1.6.1.1
When new test results appear on the
display press “1” (Tests Options)
Page 25 of 28
Palmetto Health Laboratories
PC1.025.04 iSTAT Procedure
17.1.6.1.2
Press “4” (Transmit Data). A
Waiting to Send message will appear
on the screen
17.1.6.1.3
The “State” line will display a series
of messages “Off” / “Booting” /
“Joining” / “Associated” /
“Connected”
17.1.6.1.4
Once the “Connected” state is
reached, a “Communication in
progress” display appears. When
this meassage disappears and the
display returns to the Test Menu, the
transmission is successful.
17.1.6.2
On-demand using the Transmit Data menu
17.1.6.2.1
Press the “1” key
17.1.6.2.2
Press the menu key
17.1.6.2.3
Press the “6” key Transmit Data
17.1.6.2.4
Press a number key of the data you
want to transmit
17.1.6.2.5
The same sequence of messages as
above will display
17.1.7 If there are unsent results remaining in the wireless handheld at the
completion of a transmission attempt, a “Communication Ended”
message will appear on the display, and the number of unsent
result
17.1.8 Users can expect a approximate 30% reduction in the life of the
battery based on cartridge use due to the wireless downloads
18.0
Troubleshooting
see Table 6
18.1 Do not open the instrument, or any other i-STAT product, or perform
unauthorized procedure to resolve a problem.
18.2 The i-STAT performs a self-check when it is turned on. If a condition that
should be corrected in the near future, but will not affect results, is
detected, a warning is displayed. The operator should turn the i-STAT off
and back on to attempt to resolve.
18.3 Contact the lab when if an i-STAT is dropped or damaged in any way.
18.3.1 Lab will check error codes for the instrument
18.3.2 Lab will perform CCC or other troubleshooting action as
recommended
18.3.3 Lab will contact Abbott for troubleshooting recommendations
18.3 Error code listings can be found in the Technical Bulletin section of the
Abbott i-STAT procedure manual
Table 6
Troubleshooting Error Messages/Codes
Page 26 of 28
Palmetto Health Laboratories
PC1.025.04 iSTAT Procedure
MESSAGE DISPLAY
EXPLANATIO N
ACTIO N / RESPO NSE
Ele ctronic Simulator Te st
re quire d
Schedule d sim ulator test is due
Run External Electronic Simulator
Store d Me mory Low
Memory space for 50 unsent test
records available before “ Stored
Memory Full” message is displayed
Download i- ST AT
Sore d Memory Full
Memory for unsent records is full,
potential for unsent records to be
deleted
Download i- ST AT
Upload re quire d
Schedule d for uploading/do wnloading
Download i- ST AT
Batte ry Low
Voltage dropped to 7.4 volts, enough
for only a few more tests
Change or charge the rechargeable
batteries
CLEW e xpiring
Message appears 15 days before
software expires
Lab initiate CLEW update
Date invalid, che ck clock
Will not allow date that precedes or
exceeds the 6 mos lifetime of the
CLEW update
Download i- ST AT, contact lab
Te mpe rature out of range
T emperature internally in instrument is
not acceptable
Check temperature of the i-ST AT on the
Administrative Menu. Warm or cool the
instrument. Allow time for the
instrument to equilibrate to the new
temperature
Analyze r Inte rrupte d, use
another cartridges
Last cartridge run was not completed
Check battery pack for proper insertion,
turn instrument on and off, check battery
voltage
Cartridge Error
Multiple reasons including sample
related, user, cartridge related,
contacts, etc
Use another cartridge
Cartridge Pre burst
Fluid reached sensors before they
should have – potentially caused by
freezing or user error putting too much
pressure on cartridge
Use another cartridge
Sample positione d short of fill
mark
Under filled cartridge
Use another cartridge
Sample positione d be yond fill
mark
Overfilled cartridge
Insufficient sample
Insufficient sample or bubble s
Cartridge not inse rte d prope rly
Cartridge not pushed in all the way
Use another cartridge
Te st cancelle d by ope rator
No response made to mandatory
prompt, instrument timed out
Retest, potentially retrain operator
Page 27 of 28
Palmetto Health Laboratories
PC1.025.04 iSTAT Procedure
MESSAGE DISPLAY
EXPLANATIO N
ACTIO N / RESPO NSE
Analyze r Error, use Exte rnal
Ele ctronic Simulator
Usually recovers. Can be caused by
angled insertion of cartridges or
simulator
Run external Electronic Simulator
properly
Analyze r Error
Mechanical or electrical failures
Use external Electronic Simulator twice,
and run QC. If issue continues call
support services @ Abbott
Cartridge type not re cognize d
Cartridge not compatable
No display, blank
Batteries dead, keypad not responding,
internal start switch broken
Change or recharge batteries. If not
resolved return to lab for repair or
replacement
Cartridge locke d, not remove d
Mechanical issue or dead batteries
Change battery pack. T urn instrument
off and back on. If cartridge is still not
released, contact lab
19.0
References:
19.1 Statland, B.E., Clinical Decision Levels for Lab Tests. Medical Economics
Books, 1987.
19.2 Tietz, N.W., Tietz Textbook of Clinical Chemistry, third edition, Ed. C.A.
Burtis, E.R. Ashwood, W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, 1999.
Table 50 – 20, Appendix.
19.3 Kost, Gerald J., Using critical limits to improve patient outcome. Medical
Laboratory Observer. March 1993; 25(3): 22–27.
Initial Author/Date:
Written by Karen W. Sullivan, MT (ASCP)
Revised Karen W. Sullivan, MT (ASCP)
Revised Karen W. Sullivan MT (ASCP)
Revised Karen W. Sullivan, MT (ASCP)
Page 28 of 28
5/19/2011
9/24/2012
5/15/2014
8/14/2014
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising