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BigBlueButtonVM - bigbluebutton - Download and setup your own BigBlueButton 0.81 Virtual Machine - ...
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BigBlueButtonVM
Download and setup your own BigBlueButton 0.81 Virtual Machine
Welcome
Before you install
Requirements for the BigBlueButton VM
Setting up the BigBlueButton VM
Download
Change Default Password
Using BigBlueButton
Troubleshooting
The console gives an error when booting
bbb-conf command not found
The IP address of my VM has changed and now BigBlueButton does not work
Check if you have an internet connection
I can't cut-and-paste into the terminal window
I'm still having problems
Welcome
This guide walks you through how to download and install the BigBlueButton 0.81 virtual machine (VM).
The VM is an easy way to have a fully working BigBlueButton server in a few minutes for testing and development.
VMWare Player, which is available on Windows or Mac (on the Mac it's called VMWare Fusion). If you're looking to
Unix, see installing on Ubuntu 10.04 64-bit.
If you are a developer, you can use the VM as a basis for setting up a development environment.
Before you install
Running BigBlueButton within a virtualized environment on a desktop computer is good for testing BigBlueButton wi
(the actual number will depend on the speed of your computer and network) and developing and extending BigBlue
However, if your intent is to use BigBlueButton in a production environment, we recommend setting up BigBlueButto
(see minimum requirements).
Requirements for the BigBlueButton VM
The requirements for running the BigBlueButton VM are as follows:
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1.
2.
3.
4.
VMWare Player (or VMWare Workstation) for Windows or VM Ware Fusion for Mac
2 G of free memory to run the VM
A DHCP Server for the VM to acquire an IP address on boot
Ability for the VM to connect to the internet
The forth requirement is important. The VM must be able to connect to the internet on first boot to update from pack
connect, it won't be able to finish the setup of BigBlueButton.
Note: If you compare the above requirements with those in installation from packages, you'll note the above require
because the BigBlueButton VM isn't intended for use in a production environment; rather, for testing with small num
development of BigBlueButton.
Setting up the BigBlueButton VM
Download
1. Download and uncompress the ZIP file.
Download bigbluebutton081-VM.zip from SourceForge: Download
2. Open the enclosed folder.
3. Double-click on the bigbluebutton-vm.vmx icon.
This will start VMWare Player/Workstation (or VMWare Fusion on the Mac) and boot the VM. NOTE: Make sure the
Bridged (not NAT).
The BigBlueButton VM takes about 10 minutes to first initialize. Sit back, relax, go watch some YouTube videos
BigBlueButton VM goes through its initial startup script, which consists of the following:
Set up the networking (acquire an IP address from a DHCP server)
Download and install the latest BigBlueButton packages
Configure BigBlueButton to use the VM's current IP address
Install OpenSSH
Change Default Password
When it's done, you'll see a login prompt. NOTE: The VM has been pre-configured to have the following user-id/pas
user-id: firstuser
password: default
To secure your server, immediately login with the above user-id/password. This password is set to expire imm
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to enter the password default again, then to provide a new password (entering it twice to confirm). Again, do this
server.
After resetting the default password, you'll receive a welcome message (this appears each time you login as firstuse
BigBlueButton server using the URL given in the welcome message.
Using BigBlueButton
At this point, you should have a full BigBlueButton 0.81 server up and running. Open a web browser to the URL disp
message. If you have any problems, please read through the troubleshooting section below.
Troubleshooting
The console gives an error when booting
When the VM first boots, it acquires an IP address and runs a setup script to finish the installation of BigBlueButton.
1. updates the packages
2. installs BigBlueButton
The update step ensures that any updates to packages, issued after the release of the BigBlueButton VM, will be au
before installation proceeds.
The most common error that prevents update and installation occurs when the BigBlueButton VM failed to acquire a
occurs, you'll see errors in the console when booting.
You can manually finish the installation process, but you first need to ensure the VM has (1) acquired an IP address
accessible by the host computer.
First, check in VMWare Player that has networking set to bridged. Next, type
ping google.com
You should get some ping results
PING google.com (72.14.204.99) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from iad04s01-in-f99.1e100.net (72.14.204.99): icmp_seq=1 ttl=54 time=4.54
64 bytes from iad04s01-in-f99.1e100.net (72.14.204.99): icmp_seq=2 ttl=54 time=4.42
If not, it means that the VM is unable to acquire an IP address from a DHCP server on the network. If there is a DHC
sudo /etc/init.d/networking restart
Try the ping command again. If you are unable to acquire an IP address, check out this resource Ubuntu Networkin
Next, you can manually finish the setup to BigBlueButton with the following commands:
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get install bigbluebutton
There should be no errors when you type the above three commands.
bbb-conf command not found
When it first launches, if the BigBlueButton VM is unable to connect to the internet, it will not finish the installation. Y
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type bbb-conf command and receive the error "command not found".
The solution is to make sure the VM can connect with the internet. You should be able to
ping ubuntu.bigbluebutton.org
and get a response. Once connected, do the following commands:
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get dist-upgrade
Then you can finish the installation manually by following these steps.
The IP address of my VM has changed and now BigBlueButton does not wor
Next, you'll need to ensure that BigBlueButton is listening to the IP address of your VM. One symptom is when you
BigBlueButton through the web browser you get the Welcome to nginx! message.
To check your current environment for possible problems that might prevent BigBlueButton from running, type the fo
sudo bbb-conf --check
If there are any problems (i.e. if bbb-conf detects that red5 isn't running), you'll see a warning message at the bottom
The output from above showed that BigBlueButton's configuration files were listening to IP address 192.168.0.163.
command, if the IP address shown for your output differs from the IP address of your VM, you can change the IP ad
is using by using bbb-conf.
For example, if the output from ifconfig shows your VM is listening to IP address 192.168.0.125, then issue the fo
sudo bbb-conf --setip 192.168.0.125
If you need to restart BigBlueButton, do the command
bbb-conf --clean
and this will do a clean restart.
Check if you have an internet connection
ping www.google.com
If you get an error saying your eth0 is not connected, check if the VM is using eth1:
ifconfig -a
If it shows the following:
eth1
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Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:0c:29:dd:b4:51
inet addr:192.168.0.154 Bcast:192.168.0.255 Mask:255.255.255.0
inet6 addr: fe80::20c:29ff:fedd:b451/64 Scope:Link
UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
RX packets:4080349 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:3932137 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
BigBlueButtonVM - bigbluebutton - Download and setup your own BigBlueButton 0.81 Virtual Machine - ...
RX bytes:1216680270 (1.2 GB) TX bytes:822963271 (822.9 MB)
Interrupt:19 Base address:0x2000
lo
Link encap:Local Loopback
inet addr:127.0.0.1 Mask:255.0.0.0
inet6 addr: ::1/128 Scope:Host
UP LOOPBACK RUNNING MTU:16436 Metric:1
RX packets:12938 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:12938 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:0
RX bytes:40299608 (40.2 MB) TX bytes:40299608 (40.2 MB)
Make it use eth0 instead
vi /etc/udev/rules.d/70-persistent-net.rules
This will show:
#
#
#
#
#
This file was automatically generated by the /lib/udev/write_net_rules
program, run by the persistent-net-generator.rules rules file.
You can modify it, as long as you keep each rule on a single
line, and change only the value of the NAME= key.
# PCI device 0x1022:0x2000 (pcnet32)
SUBSYSTEM=="net", ACTION=="add", DRIVERS=="?*", ATTR{address}=="00:0c:29:23:d1:b3",
# PCI device 0x1022:0x2000 (pcnet32)
SUBSYSTEM=="net", ACTION=="add", DRIVERS=="?*", ATTR{address}=="00:0c:29:dd:b4:51",
Swap the two entries by editing "NAME=eth1" to "NAME=eth0" and vice versa.
Reboot your machine. Check if you managed to connect to the internet. Make sure the VM's network adapter is usin
instead of NAT. On the VMWare player this is enabled in the Devices menu at the top.
More info can be found here http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=221768
I can't cut-and-paste into the terminal window
When running the BigBlueButton VM, you can't use the clipboard in the terminal window provided by VMWare.
On Windows, we recommend you download and run putty, a terminal emulation program that supports cut-and-past
On Mac, you can open a Terminal window and ssh into the VM using it's IP address.
I'm still having problems
If you've tried both the above commands and your BigBlueButton server is not working, use Google to search for he
description of your problem or the error message you are seeing. The reason we recommend using Google first is th
posts in our mailing lists and they are all indexed by Google -- there is an excellent chance that you'll find a solution
If you're unable to find a solution, please post your question to the bigbluebutton-setup mailing list. Please be as de
can help you.
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