Your emergency preparedness guide

Your emergency preparedness guide
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Your emergency preparedness guide
72
hours...
Is your family prepared?
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You should be prepared to take
care of yourself and your family
for a minimum of 72 hours.
If a disaster happens in your
community, it may take
emergency workers some
time to get to you as they
help those in desperate need.
By taking a few simple steps today, you can become better prepared to
face a range of emergencies – anytime, anywhere. Use this guide to create
your own emergency plan. Use the checklists to build a 72-hour emergency
kit. These basic steps will help you to take care of yourself and your loved
ones during an emergency.
Our partners
E
EP
OLIC
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ASSOC
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IATION OF CHI
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This publication was developed in collaboration with:
IENNE DES C
F
HE
Canadian Association
of Chiefs of Police
Canadian Association
of Fire Chiefs
This publication is also available in multiple formats (audio, Braille, large
print and diskette). To order please call:
1 800 O-Canada (1 800 622-6232)
TTY: 1 800 926-9105
ISBN # PS4-26/2005 0-662-69515-1
© Her Majesty the Queen in right of Canada, 2006
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Your emergency preparedness guide
Table of contents
Step 1. Know the risks. Know your region.
Page 3
Step 2. Make a plan
Page 4
Household plan
Page 5
Emergency contact information
Page 8
Emergency instructions
Page 11
Step 3. Prepare a kit
Resources
Resources
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“Emergency preparedness is a shared
responsibility. While governments at all levels
are working hard to keep Canada safe,
individual Canadians also have an important
role to play. By taking a few simple steps
today, together we are building safer
communities for tomorrow.”
The Honourable Stockwell Day
Minister of Public Safety
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STEP
1
Know the risks.
Know your region.
Although the consequences of disasters can be similar, knowing the risks
specific to your region can help you prepare yourself better. Across Canada
we face a number of hazards, from earthquakes in British Columbia, to
blizzards in Nunavut, to hurricanes in New Brunswick. In addition to natural
disasters there are other types of risks, such as blackouts, industrial or
transportation accidents, and the possibility of acts of terrorism on Canadian
soil. We need to prepare for all types of emergencies.
The following list contains natural risks and other hazards. Check off the
risks that are most likely in your community.
m Blackout
m Landslide or avalanche
m Blizzard
m Storm
m Drought
m Terrorism
m Earthquake
m Tornado
m Flood
m Transportation accident
m Hazardous materials and spills
m Tsunami or storm surge
m Hurricane
m Wildfire
m Industrial accident
m Other_________________
m Infectious disease outbreak
To learn more about emergency preparedness, or to order self-help
publications on planning for earthquakes, storms, power outages and
other risks, call:
1 800 O-Canada (1 800 622-6232)
TTY: 1 800 926-9105
Monday to Friday, 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. local time
Or visit: www.epweek.ca
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Your emergency preparedness guide
STEP
2
Make a plan
Every Canadian household needs an emergency plan. It will help you and
your family know what to do in case of an emergency.
Remember, your family may not be together when a disaster occurs. Plan
how to meet or contact one another and discuss what you would do in
different situations.
Use the following pages to create your plan. Most of this information can be
filled out on your own. You may need to get some information from your
municipality.
Keep this document in an easy-to-find, easy-to-remember place (for example,
with your emergency kit). You might also want to make a photocopy of this
plan and keep it in your car and/or at work.
Safe idea: Learn about first aid. You could save a life.
Along with making emergency plans and preparing an emergency
kit, knowing first aid could save a life. Contact your local Canadian
Red Cross or St. John Ambulance to find out about first aid
courses offered in your area.
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Household plan
Escape routes
Plan emergency exits from each room of your home. Try to think of two
possibilities for each room. If you live in an apartment, do not plan to use the
elevators. Also, identify an escape route from your neighbourhood in case you
are ordered to evacuate.
Emergency exits from home:
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
Escape route from neighbourhood:
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
Tip:
Make sure that everyone in your home knows how to get out
quickly. Practice at least once a year with everyone.
Meeting places
Identify a safe place where everyone should meet if they have to leave
home during an emergency.
Safe meeting place near home:
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
Tip:
The meeting place should be on the same side of the street
as your home. This way you don’t need to cross the street
into traffic or in front of fire trucks or ambulances during an
emergency.
Safe idea: Make copies of important documents
Make copies of birth and marriage certificates, passports, licences,
wills, land deeds and insurance. Keep them in a safe place inside your
home. As well, keep copies in a safe place outside your home. You
might want to put them in a safety deposit box or give them to friends
and family who live out of town.
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Your emergency preparedness guide
Children
v
Ask your children’s school or daycare about their emergency policies. Find
out how they will communicate with families during an emergency.
v
Find out what type of authorization the school or daycare requires to release
your children to a designated person if you can’t pick them up yourself.
v
Make sure the school or daycare has updated contact information for
parents, caregivers and designated persons.
Designated person 1: _______________________ Phone:___________________
Designated person 2: _______________________ Phone:___________________
People with special health
needs
v
Establish a personal support network of friends, relatives, health-care
providers, co-workers and neighbours who understand your special needs.
v
Write down details about your medical conditions, allergies, surgeries,
family medical history, medications, health screenings, recent vaccinations,
emergency contacts and insurance information.
v
Talk to your doctor about preparing a grab-and-go bag with a two-week
supply of medications and medical supplies, if possible. Include
prescriptions and medical documents. Remember that pharmacies may
be closed for some time, even after an emergency is over.
Health information:
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
Medications and medical equipment:
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
Grab-and-go bag location:
____________________________________________________________
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Plan for pets
Remember that pets are not allowed in some public shelters or hotels.
Plan to take your pets with you to a relative or friend’s home, or identify
a “pet-friendly” hotel or pet boarding facilities in advance.
Location: ___________________________________________________________
Tip:
Don’t forget to put pet food and water in your emergency kit.
Plan for specific risks
What should you do in case of an earthquake? Flood? Blackout? Write down
instructions for the risks that are most likely to occur in your region.
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
The Government of Canada provides a series of self-help publications on
specific emergencies. They can be downloaded at www.epweek.ca or
ordered free of charge by phoning 1 800 O-Canada (1 800 622-6232)
TTY: 1 800 926-9105.
Neighbourhood safety plan
Work with your neighbours to make sure everyone is taken care of in your
neighbourhood. Identify people who might need extra help during an
emergency. Assign “block buddies” to take care of each other.
“In the event of an emergency, listen to
authorities and follow their directions. Your
cooperation will make it easier to help
those in need.”
Chief Jack Ewatski
President, Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police
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Your emergency preparedness guide
Emergency contact
information
Photocopy this list. Put a copy close to your telephone. If possible, program
these phone numbers into your home phone and cell phone.
Local emergency numbers
Fire, police, ambulance: 9-1-1 (where available)
Other: _____________________________________________________________
Non-emergency numbers
Police: _____________________________________________________________
Fire: _______________________________________________________________
Health clinic: _______________________________________________________
Other contact numbers: ______________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
Out-of-town contact
Name: ______________________________________________________________
Home phone: _______________________________________________________
Work phone: ________________________________________________________
Cell phone: _________________________________________________________
E-mail: _____________________________________________________________
Home address: ______________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
Tips:
v Plan for each family member to call or e-mail the same out-oftown contact person in the event of an emergency.
v Choose an out-of-town contact who lives far enough away that
he or she will probably not be affected by the same event.
v If you are new to Canada or don’t have an out-of-town
contact person, make arrangements through friends, cultural
associations or local community organizations.
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Family contacts
Family
Friend/Neighbour
Name: __________________________
Name: __________________________
Home phone: ____________________
Home phone: ____________________
Work phone: ____________________
Work phone: _____________________
Cell phone: ______________________
Cell phone: ______________________
E-mail: __________________________
E-mail: __________________________
Home address:
Home address:
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
Name: __________________________
Name: __________________________
Home phone: ____________________
Home phone: ____________________
School phone:____________________
Work phone: ____________________
Cell phone: ______________________
Cell phone: ______________________
E-mail: __________________________
E-mail: __________________________
School address:
Home address:
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
Family doctors
Patient’s name: ______________________________________________________
Doctor’s name: _______________________ Phone: _______________________
Patient’s name: ______________________________________________________
Doctor’s name: _______________________ Phone: _______________________
“We’re in this together. Every day, emergency
workers practice and prepare. What about
you? Are you prepared to look after yourself
and your loved ones for the first three days?”
Mike Eddy, President and Chief Director
Canadian Association of Fire Chiefs
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Your emergency preparedness guide
Safe home instructions
v
Make sure you have a working smoke detector and fire extinguisher. If you
live in an apartment or are staying in a hotel, know where the fire alarms
are located.
v
Everyone in your home should know where to find the fire extinguisher. All
capable adults and older children should know how to use it.
v
Older children and adults should know how to turn off your home’s water,
electricity and gas. Make large, easy-to-see signs for water and gas
shut-offs as well as for the breaker panel or fuse box.
v
Teach children how and when to dial 9-1-1. Teach children how to call
their out-of-town contact person. Ensure your children know where the
emergency kit is located.
Fire extinguisher
Location: ___________________________________________________________
Water valve
Location: ___________________________________________________________
Shut-off instructions: ________________________________________________
Utility company phone number: _______________________________________
Electrical box
Location: ___________________________________________________________
Utility company phone number: _______________________________________
Gas valve
Location: ___________________________________________________________
Shut-off instructions (only shut off gas when authorities tell you to do so):
____________________________________________________________________
Utility company phone number: _______________________________________
Floor drain
Location: ___________________________________________________________
(always ensure it is clear of boxes, clothes or furniture, in case there is a
flood)
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Emergency instructions
When to call 9-1-1 (where available)
v
Report a fire.
v
Report a crime.
v
Save a life.
For non-emergency calls, use the seven-digit numbers listed in your local
phone book for police, fire and paramedic services.
In case of a major emergency
v
Follow your emergency plan.
v
Get your emergency kit.
v
Make sure you are safe before assisting others.
v
Listen to the radio or television for information from authorities. Local
officials may advise you to stay where you are. Follow their instructions.
v
Stay put until all is safe or until you are ordered to evacuate.
Evacuation orders
Authorities will not ask you to leave your home unless they have reason to
believe you are in danger.
v If you are ordered to evacuate, take your emergency kit, essential
medications, copies of prescriptions and a cellular phone with you,
if you have one.
v
If you have time, call or e-mail your out-of-town contact. Tell them where
you are going and when you expect to arrive. Once you are safe, let them
know. Tell them if any family members have become separated.
v
If you have time, leave a note telling others when you left and where you
are.
v
Shut off water and electricity if officials tell you to.
v
Leave natural gas service ‘on’ unless officials tell you to turn it off.
(If you turn off the gas, the gas company has to reconnect it. In a major
emergency, it could take weeks for a professional to respond. You would
be without gas for heating and cooking.)
v
Take pets with you.
v
Lock your home.
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Your emergency preparedness guide
STEP
3
Prepare a kit
In an emergency you will need some basic supplies. You may need to get
by without power or tap water. Be prepared to be self-sufficient for at least
72 hours.
You may have some of the items already, such as a flashlight, battery-operated
radio, food, water and blankets. The key is to make sure they are organized
and easy to find. Would you be able to find your flashlight in the dark?
Make sure your kit is easy to carry. Keep it in a backpack, duffel bag or
suitcase with wheels, in an easy-to-reach, accessible place, such as your
front hall closet. Make sure everyone in the household knows where the
emergency kit is.
Basic emergency kit
v
Water – at least two litres of water per person per day. Include small
bottles that can be carried easily in case of an evacuation order
v
Food that won’t spoil, such as canned food, energy bars and dried foods
(remember to replace the food and water once a year)
v
Manual can-opener
v
Flashlight and batteries
v
Candles and matches or lighter (remember to place candles in sturdy
containers and to put them out before going to sleep)
v
Battery-powered or wind-up radio (and extra batteries)
v
First aid kit
v
Special items such as prescription medications, infant formula and
equipment for people with disabilities
v
Extra keys for your car and house
v
Some cash in smaller bills, such as $10 bills (travellers cheques are also
useful) and change for payphones
v
A copy of your emergency plan and contact information
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You can also buy a pre-packaged Canadian Red Cross kit at www.redcross.ca.
St. John Ambulance and Salvation Army co-branded kits can also be
purchased from the following retailers: Zellers, Home Outfitters, Pharma
Plus, Canadian Tire, London Drugs, True Value Hardware, V&S, Country
Depot, Overwaitea Foods, Save-On-Foods, IGA, MarketPlace IGA, Thrifty
Foods, Buy-Low Foods, Nesters Market, G&H Shop ‘N Save, Value Drug
Mart, Apple Drugs, Rxellence Professional Dispensary, Quality Foods,
TSC Stores.
Recommended additional items
v
A change of clothing and footwear for each household member
v
Sleeping bag or warm blanket for each household member
v
A whistle (in case you need to attract attention)
v
Garbage bags for personal sanitation
v
Toilet paper and other personal care supplies
v
Safety gloves
v
Basic tools (hammer, pliers, wrench, screwdrivers, fasteners, work
gloves)
v
Small fuel-driven stove and fuel (follow manufacturer’s directions
and store properly)
v
Two litres of water per person per day for cooking and cleaning.
Tip:
Automated bank machines
and their networks may not
work during an emergency
or blackout. You may have
difficulty using debit or
credit cards.
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Your emergency preparedness guide
Basic car kit
If you have a car, prepare a small kit that stays in the trunk.
The basic kit should include:
v Food that won’t spoil (such as energy bars)
v
Water
v
Blanket
v
Extra clothing and shoes
v
Candle in a deep can and matches
v
First aid kit with seatbelt cutter
v
Warning light or road flares
v
Small shovel, scraper and snowbrush
v
List of contact numbers
Recommended additional items for your car
v
Sand, salt or cat litter
v
Antifreeze, windshield washer fluid
v
Tow rope and jumper cables
v
Fire extinguisher
v
Roadmaps, whistle and flashlight
Prepare now
Don’t wait for an emergency to happen. There are simple things you can
do now to prepare yourself and your loved ones. By simply reading this
guide, you are well on your way.
Complete this guide one evening this week or during the weekend.
Make your plan and prepare your kit.
Write yourself a reminder to update your emergency plan one year from
now. On this date next year, review your contact information, practice
your emergency evacuation plans and restock the contents of your kit.
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National resources
To learn more about emergency preparedness: www.epweek.ca
To order additional copies of this publication, or publications on planning for
earthquakes, storms, power outages and other risks, call:
1 800 O-Canada (1 800 622-6232) TTY: 1 800 926-9105
Monday to Friday, 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. local time
Environment Canada Weather Office
www.weatheroffice.ec.gc.ca
Check the blue pages in your local phone book under Weather for weather
reports and forecasting available by phone.
Safe Canada
www.safecanada.ca
Comprehensive federal, provincial, territorial and municipal safety
information for all citizens.
Canadian Red Cross
www.redcross.ca
Prepare for Life. Learn how to prevent injuries and to think, react and
improvise in emergency situations from a world leader in First Aid and
Disaster Preparedness – the Canadian Red Cross.
St. John Ambulance
www.sja.ca
Saving Lives — At work, home and play. As Canada’s standard for excellence
in first aid and CPR services, St. John Ambulance offers innovative
programs and products, ensuring Canadians receive the best quality
training and expertise.
Salvation Army
www.SalvationArmy.ca
The Salvation Army brings relief to people around the world through its
emergency and disaster services. Ready to deploy its resources at very
short notice, our disaster units immediately work to reduce physical harm
and help victims regain control of their lives.
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