[1 ] Oracle® Enterprise Manager

[1 ] Oracle® Enterprise Manager
[1]
Oracle®
Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5)
E24089-47
February 2016
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide, 12c Release 5
(12.1.0.5)
E24089-47
Copyright © 2014, 2016, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Primary Author:
Aravind Jayaraaman
Contributing Author: Dennis Lee, Pradeep Gopal, Genevieve D'Souza, Namrata Bhakthavatsalam, Leo
Cloutier, Thom Chumley
Contributor: Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Development Teams, Quality Assurance Teams, Customer
Support Teams, and Product Management Teams.
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Contents
Preface ............................................................................................................................................................... xxi
Intended Audience.................................................................................................................................... xxi
Purpose of the Document......................................................................................................................... xxi
Documentation Accessibility .................................................................................................................. xxii
Related Documents .................................................................................................................................. xxii
Conventions ............................................................................................................................................. xxiii
What’s New in This Book Revision ................................................................................................ xxv
Changes Incorporated in the Latest Revision (Published) ................................................................
Changes Incorporated in the Previous Revisions (Archived)...........................................................
Part I
xxv
xxv
Getting Started
1 Procuring the Software
1.1
1.2
1.2.1
1.2.1.1
1.2.1.2
1.2.2
1.2.2.1
1.2.2.2
1.2.2.3
1.2.2.4
1.2.2.5
1.3
Releases Available for Enterprise Manager Cloud Control.................................................. 1-1
Procuring the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Software................................................ 1-6
How Do You Access the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Software from a DVD? .....
1-6
Accessing the Software from a DVD ......................................................................... 1-7
Setting Mount Points for a DVD ................................................................................ 1-7
How Do You Procure the Software from Oracle Technology Network? .................... 1-8
Downloading the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Software........................... 1-8
Verifying the File Size of Enterprise Manager Zip Files ......................................... 1-9
Extracting the Contents of the Enterprise Manager Zip File ................................. 1-9
Verifying the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Software Release Description ......
1-10
Verifying the Platform Information........................................................................ 1-10
Procuring the Oracle Management Agent Software........................................................... 1-11
2 Understanding the Basics
2.1
2.1.1
2.1.2
Understanding the Basics of Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation ................. 2-1
What are the Different Installation Modes Offered by Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control? 2-2
What Is an Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Wizard?.......................... 2-2
iii
What Installation Types Are Offered by the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Installation Wizard? 2-3
2.1.3.1
Create a New Enterprise Manager System ............................................................... 2-3
2.1.3.2
Upgrade an Existing Enterprise Manager System................................................... 2-3
2.1.3.3
Install Only the Software ............................................................................................. 2-4
2.1.4
What Is Oracle Configuration Manager? ......................................................................... 2-4
2.1.4.1
Manually Collecting and Uploading the Configuration Information .................. 2-5
2.1.4.2
Enabling Oracle Configuration Manager After Installing Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control 2-5
2.1.5
What Are the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Software Updates? ....................... 2-6
2.1.5.1
What Is a Software Update?........................................................................................ 2-6
2.1.5.2
How Does the Software Update Feature Work?...................................................... 2-6
2.1.5.3
What Types of Software Updates Are Downloaded and Applied?...................... 2-7
2.1.5.4
How Can I Find Out What Bugs Have Been Fixed by the Software Updates? ... 2-7
2.1.5.5
Are the Software Updates Applied Automatically Even for Databases That Have
Oracle Management Repository Preconfigured? 2-7
2.1.5.6
How Can You Download the Software Updates? ................................................... 2-7
2.1.5.7
Can I Download and Apply These Patches After Installation or Upgrade?........ 2-9
2.1.5.8
How Can You Identify What Patches Have Been Applied? ............................... 2-10
2.1.6
What is a Deployment Size for Enterprise Manager Cloud Control in an Advanced
Configuration? 2-10
2.1.7
What Is an Add Host Target Wizard? ........................................................................... 2-11
2.1.8
What Is a Plug-in?............................................................................................................. 2-12
2.1.9
What Is an Add Management Service Deployment Procedure? ............................... 2-12
2.1.10
What Ports Are Used for Installation?........................................................................... 2-13
2.1.10.1
What Default Ports Are Used for Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation?..
2-13
2.1.10.2
How Can You Check Whether a Port Is Free? ...................................................... 2-14
2.1.10.3
How Can You Customize the Ports During and After Installing Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control? 2-15
2.1.10.4
What Precautions You Must Take While Customizing the Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control Ports? 2-17
2.1.11
What Data Files Are Created While Configuring Oracle Management Repository? ........
2-18
2.1.12
How Do You Delete the Data Files Created While Configuring Oracle Management
Repository? 2-18
2.1.13
Globalization Support for Enterprise Manager............................................................ 2-19
2.2
Understanding the Oracle WebLogic Server Requirement for an Enterprise Manager
Installation 2-19
2.2.1
How Do I Verify Whether Oracle WebLogic Server Is Installed? ............................. 2-20
2.2.2
Is Oracle WebLogic Server Cluster Supported? ........................................................... 2-20
2.2.3
If Oracle WebLogic Server Already Exists, Is the Existing Domain Used?.............. 2-21
2.2.4
When and Why Do You Need the Oracle WebLogic Server Credentials?............... 2-21
2.2.5
When and Why Do You Need the Node Manager Credentials?............................... 2-21
2.2.6
How Do You Find Admin Server Port After Installing Enterprise Manager? ........ 2-21
2.2.7
How Do You Verify Whether Admin Server Is Running? ......................................... 2-21
2.2.8
How Do You Start the Admin Server? .......................................................................... 2-22
2.3
Understanding the Installation Directories.......................................................................... 2-22
2.3.1
What Is an Oracle Inventory Directory?........................................................................ 2-22
2.1.3
iv
2.3.2
What Is an Oracle Middleware Home? ......................................................................... 2-23
2.3.3
What Is an Oracle Management Service Instance Base Location?............................. 2-24
2.3.4
What Is an Oracle Home? ................................................................................................ 2-25
2.3.5
What Is an Agent Base Directory?.................................................................................. 2-25
2.3.6
What is an Agent Instance Directory? ........................................................................... 2-25
2.3.7
What Is a /TMP or C:\Temp Directory Used For? ..................................................... 2-25
2.4
Understanding the Configuration Assistants ...................................................................... 2-26
2.4.1
What Are Configuration Assistants? ............................................................................. 2-26
2.4.2
What Configuration Assistants Are Run by the Installation Wizard?...................... 2-26
2.4.2.1
Configuration Assistants Run While Installing a New Enterprise Manager.... 2-26
2.4.2.2
Configuration Assistants Run While Upgrading an Existing Enterprise Manager....
2-27
2.4.2.3
Configuration Assistants Run While Upgrading an Additional Oracle
Management Service 2-28
2.4.3
What Do You Do When Configuration Assistants Fail?............................................. 2-29
2.5
Understanding the Prerequisite Checks before Installing Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control 2-29
2.5.1
What Prerequisite Checks Are Run by Default? .......................................................... 2-29
2.5.2
How Do You Run the Prerequisite Checks in a Standalone Mode? ......................... 2-30
2.6
Understanding the Limitations of Enterprise Manager Cloud Control .......................... 2-31
2.6.1
Can You Access Unlicensed Components?................................................................... 2-31
2.6.2
What Are the Limitations with DHCP-Enabled Machines?....................................... 2-31
2.7
Understanding the Startup Scripts ........................................................................................ 2-31
2.7.1
Where is the Startup Script Stored? ............................................................................... 2-31
2.7.2
What does the Startup Script Invoke? ........................................................................... 2-31
2.7.3
How Do I Stop the Startup Script from Starting the OMS or the Management Agent? ...
2-32
2.7.4
Can the Startup Script Start an OMS or a Management Agent on a Remote Host? 2-32
2.7.5
How Do I Change the Management Agent Service Priority Level that the Startup
Script Follows While Starting Up or Shutting Down the Management Agent? 2-32
2.8
Understanding Other Miscellaneous Concepts................................................................... 2-33
2.8.1
What Is a Host List File? .................................................................................................. 2-33
2.8.2
What Scripts Are Run During the Installation Process? ............................................. 2-33
Part II Installing Enterprise Manager System
3 Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.4.1
3.4.2
3.4.3
3.4.4
Introduction to Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode ............................................ 3-1
Before You Begin Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode ........................................ 3-2
Prerequisites for Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode.......................................... 3-6
Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode........................................................................ 3-6
Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode................................................................. 3-6
Advanced Installer Options Supported for Installing an Enterprise Manager System in
Silent Mode 3-8
Limitations with the Advanced Options Supported for Installing an Enterprise
Manager System in Silent Mode 3-9
Editing the new_install.rsp Response File for Installing an Enterprise Manager in
Silent Mode 3-9
v
3.5
Performing Postinstallation Tasks After Installing an Enterprise Manager System in Silent
Mode 3-19
4 Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
Introduction to Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method........... 4-1
Before You Begin Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method....... 4-3
Prerequisites for Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method......... 4-7
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method....................................... 4-7
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method in Graphical Mode .....
4-7
4.4.1.1
Installing the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5) Software
Binaries in Graphical Mode 4-7
4.4.1.1.1
Using Advanced Installer Options While Installing the Enterprise Manager
12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5) Software Using the Software-Only Method in
Graphical Mode 4-15
4.4.1.2
Running the Root Script ........................................................................................... 4-16
4.4.1.3
Configuring the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5)
Software Binaries in Graphical Mode 4-17
4.4.1.3.1
Using Advanced Script Options While Configuring the Enterprise Manager
12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5) Software Using the Software-Only Method in
Graphical Mode 4-29
4.4.1.4
Performing Postconfiguration Tasks After Configuring the Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5) Software Binaries in Graphical Mode 4-30
4.4.2
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method in Silent Mode.. 4-30
4.4.2.1
Installing the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5) Software
Binaries in Silent Mode 4-31
4.4.2.1.1
Editing the software_only.rsp Response File for Installing the Enterprise
Manager 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5) Software Using the Software-Only Method in
Silent Mode 4-32
4.4.2.2
Running the Root Script ........................................................................................... 4-35
4.4.2.3
Configuring the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5)
Software Binaries in Silent Mode 4-36
4.4.2.3.1
Editing the new_install.rsp Response File for Configuring the Enterprise
Manager 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5) Software Using the Software-Only Method in
Silent Mode 4-38
4.4.2.4
Performing Postconfiguration Tasks After Configuring the Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5) Software Binaries in Silent Mode 4-45
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.4.1
Part III
Installing Additional Oracle Management Service
5 Installing Additional Oracle Management Services in Silent Mode
Part IV Installing Oracle Management Agent
6 Installing Oracle Management Agent in Silent Mode
6.1
6.2
6.3
vi
Overview of Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode.............................................. 6-1
Before You Begin Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode ..................................... 6-2
Prerequisites for Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode....................................... 6-4
6.4
Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode..................................................................... 6-8
6.4.1
Installing a Management Agent Using the AgentPull Script ........................................ 6-8
6.4.1.1
Acquiring .......................................................... the Management Agent Software 6-8
6.4.1.2
Installing the Management Agent Using the AgentPull Script ............................. 6-9
6.4.2
Installing a Management Agent Using the agentDeploy Script ................................ 6-10
6.4.2.1
Using EM CLI from the Remote Destination Host ............................................... 6-10
6.4.2.2
Using EM CLI from the OMS Host ......................................................................... 6-14
6.4.3
Installing a Management Agent Using the RPM File .................................................. 6-16
6.4.3.1
Acquiring the Management Agent Software and Downloading the RPM File onto
the OMS Host 6-16
6.4.3.2
Transferring the RPM File to the Destination Host .............................................. 6-18
6.4.3.3
Installing the Management Agent Using the RPM File ....................................... 6-18
6.4.4
Installing a Management Agent on a Virtual Host...................................................... 6-19
6.4.5
Response File Parameters for Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode Using the
AgentPull Script 6-19
6.4.6
Response File Parameters for Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode Using the
agentDeploy Script 6-22
6.4.7
Response File Parameters for Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode Using an
RPM File 6-24
6.4.8
Options Supported by the AgentPull Script ................................................................. 6-25
6.4.9
Options Supported by the agentDeploy Script ............................................................ 6-26
6.4.10
About the Contents of the Downloaded Management Agent Software .................. 6-27
6.4.11
About the Contents of the Management Agent RPM File .......................................... 6-28
6.5
After Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode ....................................................... 6-28
7 Cloning Oracle Management Agents
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.4.1
7.4.1.1
7.4.1.2
7.4.1.3
7.4.2
7.5
Overview of Cloning Management Agents ............................................................................ 7-1
Before You Begin Cloning a Management Agent .................................................................. 7-2
Prerequisites for Cloning a Management Agent .................................................................... 7-5
Cloning a Management Agent ............................................................................................... 7-14
Cloning a Management Agent in Graphical Mode...................................................... 7-15
Cloning a Management Agent Using Add Host Targets Wizard ...................... 7-15
Format of Host List File ........................................................................................... 7-21
Additional Parameters Supported for Cloning a Management Agent in Graphical
Mode 7-21
Cloning a Management Agent in Silent Mode ............................................................. 7-22
After Cloning a Management Agent..................................................................................... 7-25
8 Installing Shared Agents
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.4.1
8.4.2
8.4.3
Overview of Installing Shared Agents..................................................................................... 8-1
Before You Begin Installing Shared Agents ............................................................................ 8-2
Prerequisites for Installing Shared Agents.............................................................................. 8-4
Installing Shared Agents......................................................................................................... 8-13
Installing Shared Agents Using Add Host Targets Wizard ....................................... 8-13
Additional Parameters Supported for Installing Shared Agents Using Add Host
Targets Wizard 8-18
Installing Shared Agents in Silent Mode....................................................................... 8-18
vii
8.4.4
8.5
Response File Parameters for Installing Shared Agents in Silent Mode .................. 8-20
After Installing Shared Agents............................................................................................... 8-21
9 Installing the Oracle Management Agent Software Now and Configuring It
Later
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.4
9.5
9.6
Overview of Installing a Management Agent and Configuring It Later ............................
Before You Begin Installing a Management Agent................................................................
Prerequisites for Installing a Management Agent .................................................................
Installing Only the Management Agent Software Binaries ..................................................
Configuring the Management Agent Software Binaries .......................................................
After Installing a Management Agent .....................................................................................
9-1
9-2
9-2
9-2
9-2
9-3
Part V Advanced Installation and Configuration
10
Configuring Enterprise Manager for Firewalls
10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4
10.5
10.6
10.7
10.8
10.9
10.10
10.11
10.12
10.13
10.14
10.15
10.16
10.17
About Considering Firewall Configurations While Using Enterprise Manager............ 10-2
Default Ports Used by Enterprise Manager Components.................................................. 10-2
About Firewall Configurations for Enterprise Manager.................................................... 10-2
About Firewalls Between Your Web Browser and the Enterprise Manager Console ... 10-4
About Configuring a Management Agent on a Host Protected by a Firewall ............... 10-4
Configuring a Management Agent to Use a Proxy Server ................................................ 10-5
About Configuring a Firewall to Allow the OMS to Communicate With the Management
Agents 10-6
About Configuring the OMS on a Host Protected by a Firewall ...................................... 10-6
Configuring the OMS to Use a Proxy Server to Communicate with Management Agents.....
10-7
About Configuring a Firewall to Allow Management Agents to Upload Data to the OMS ...
10-8
About Enabling the OMS to Access My Oracle Support ................................................... 10-8
About the dontProxyfor Property ......................................................................................... 10-9
About Firewalls Between the OMS and the Management Repository ............................ 10-9
About Firewalls Between Enterprise Manager and a Managed Database Target........ 10-10
About Using Firewalls with Multiple OMS Instances...................................................... 10-10
About Configuring Firewalls to Allow ICMP and UDP Traffic for Oracle Beacons ... 10-10
About Enabling ICMP Echo Requests on Firewalls.......................................................... 10-11
11 Sizing Your Enterprise Manager Deployment
11.1
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Sizing...........................................................................
11.1.1
Overview of Sizing Guidelines .......................................................................................
11.1.1.1
Hardware Information..............................................................................................
11.1.1.2
Sizing Specifications..................................................................................................
11.1.1.3
Sizing for Upgraded Installs ....................................................................................
11.1.1.4
Minimum Hardware Requirements .......................................................................
11.1.1.5
Network Topology Considerations ........................................................................
11.1.2
Software Configurations..................................................................................................
11.1.2.1
Eval Configuration ....................................................................................................
viii
11-1
11-2
11-2
11-2
11-3
11-3
11-3
11-4
11-4
11.1.2.2
Small Configuration .................................................................................................. 11-4
11.1.2.3
Medium Configuration............................................................................................. 11-5
11.1.2.4
Large Configuration.................................................................................................. 11-5
11.1.2.5
Repository Tablespace Sizing .................................................................................. 11-6
11.1.3
Additional Configurations .............................................................................................. 11-6
11.1.3.1
Large Concurrent UI Load ....................................................................................... 11-6
11.1.3.2
Large Job System Load ............................................................................................. 11-8
11.1.3.3
Large Repository Side Available Load (Release 12.1.0.3 and above)................. 11-8
11.1.3.4
Large Number of Agents (Release 12.1.0.3) ........................................................... 11-9
11.1.3.5
Changing OMS Properties ....................................................................................... 11-9
11.1.3.6
Modifying Database Settings ................................................................................. 11-14
11.1.3.7
BI Publisher Configuration .................................................................................... 11-14
11.2
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Performance Methodology .................................... 11-14
11.2.1
Step 1: Choosing a Starting Platform Cloud Control Deployment ......................... 11-15
11.2.2
Step 2: Periodically Evaluating the Vital Signs of Your Site..................................... 11-15
11.2.3
Step 3: Using DBA and Enterprise Manager Tasks To Eliminate Bottlenecks ...... 11-17
11.2.3.1
Offline Monthly Tasks ............................................................................................ 11-17
11.2.4
Step 4: Eliminating Bottlenecks Through Tuning ...................................................... 11-17
11.2.4.1
High CPU Utilization.............................................................................................. 11-18
11.2.4.2
Loader Vital Signs ................................................................................................... 11-19
11.2.4.3
Rollup Vital Signs .................................................................................................... 11-19
11.2.4.4
Rollup Process.......................................................................................................... 11-20
11.2.4.5
Job, Notification, and Alert Vital Signs ................................................................ 11-21
11.2.4.6
I/O Vital Signs ......................................................................................................... 11-21
11.2.4.7
About the Oracle Enterprise Manager Performance Page ................................ 11-22
11.2.4.8
Determining the Optimum Number of Middle Tier OMS Servers.................. 11-23
11.2.5
Step 5: Extrapolating Linearly Into the Future for Sizing Requirements ............... 11-24
11.2.6
Using Returning Query Safeguards to Improve Performance................................. 11-24
11.3
Overview of Repository and Sizing Requirements for Fusion Middleware Monitoring.........
11-25
11.3.1
ADP Monitoring ............................................................................................................. 11-25
11.3.2
JVMD Monitoring ........................................................................................................... 11-26
12 Installing ADP with Advanced Installation Options
12.1
12.2
12.3
12.4
12.4.1
12.4.2
12.5
12.5.1
12.5.2
12.5.3
12.5.4
Overview of Application Dependency and Performance Architecture........................... 12-1
Before you Begin Installing Application Dependency and Performance........................ 12-2
Prerequisites for Installing Application Dependency and Performance ......................... 12-2
Installing Application Dependency and Performance Using Advanced Installation Options
12-3
Deploying ADP Engine Manually Using ApmEngineSetup.pl................................. 12-3
Deploying ADP Agents Manually Using deploy_adpagent.pl ................................. 12-3
After Installing Application Dependency and Performance............................................. 12-4
Verifying ADP Engine and ADP Agent Installation ................................................... 12-4
Configuring Oracle SOA Suite for Secure Connectivity (After Installing ADP)..... 12-4
Configuring Oracle WebLogic Server or Oracle WebLogic Portal (WLP) for Secure
Connectivity (After Installing ADP) 12-4
Importing a Certificate into ADP Engine's Keystore................................................... 12-5
ix
12.5.5
Configuring ADP Agent When WebLogic Is Installed As a Windows Service ...... 12-7
13 Installing JVMD with Advanced Install Options
13.1
Overview of JVMD Architecture ........................................................................................... 13-1
13.2
Before you Begin Installing JVMD ........................................................................................ 13-3
13.3
Prerequisites for Installing JVMD.......................................................................................... 13-3
13.4
Installing JVMD Using Advanced Installation Options..................................................... 13-3
13.4.1
Deploying JVMD Engine Manually Using ApmEngineSetup.pl .............................. 13-3
13.4.2
Deploying JVMD Agents................................................................................................. 13-4
13.4.2.1
Deploying JVMD Agents Manually by Downloading and Deploying
javadiagnosticagent.ear or jamagent.war 13-4
13.4.2.2
Deploying JVMD Agents Manually Using deploy_jvmdagent.pl ..................... 13-9
13.4.2.3
Deploying JVMD Agents for High Availability.................................................. 13-10
13.4.2.4
Deploying JVMD Database Agent ........................................................................ 13-10
13.4.2.5
Ensuring Secure Communication by Connecting JVMD Agent to the JVMD Engine
Secure Port 13-11
13.5
After Installing JVMD ........................................................................................................... 13-13
14 Configuring BI Publisher with Enterprise Manager
14.1
Overview................................................................................................................................... 14-2
14.1.1
Limitations ......................................................................................................................... 14-2
14.2
BI Publisher Configuration and Integration with Enterprise Manager 12c .................... 14-2
14.2.1
Installing Enterprise Manager and Required Infrastructure ..................................... 14-3
14.2.1.1
Integrating BI Publisher with Enterprise Manager using the configureBIP Script.....
14-3
14.3
Configure BI Publisher that gets Deployed with Enterprise Manager Release 4 (12.1.0.4) or
Release 5 (12.1.0.5) 14-4
14.4
Upgrade Configuration of BI Publisher from an Old BI Publisher Home to a New BI
Publisher under the 12.1.0.4/12.1.0.5 Middleware Home 14-6
14.5
Verifying Integration of BI Publisher with Enterprise Manager ..................................... 14-9
14.6
Allowing Access to BI Publisher for Enterprise Manager Administrators .................. 14-10
14.6.1
Enterprise Manager Authentication Security Model................................................. 14-11
14.6.2
BI Publisher Security Model.......................................................................................... 14-11
14.6.3
BI Publisher Permissions ............................................................................................... 14-12
14.6.4
BI Publisher OPSS Application Roles ......................................................................... 14-12
14.6.5
Authenticating and limiting access BI Publisher features ....................................... 14-13
14.7
Limiting access to BI Publisher features ............................................................................. 14-14
14.7.1
Granting BI Publisher OPSS Application Roles to Enterprise Manager Administrators
in Repository-Based Authentication Mode Using wlst 14-14
14.7.2
Propagation Time for Changes to OPSS...................................................................... 14-15
14.8
Allowing Access to BI Publisher for Enterprise Manager Administrators in an Underlying
LDAP Authentication Security Environment 14-15
14.8.1
Mapping LDAP Groups to BI Publisher OPSS Application Roles .......................... 14-16
14.9
Securing BI Publisher with a Secure Socket Layer (SSL) Certificate .............................. 14-16
14.10 BI Publisher Administration ................................................................................................ 14-17
14.11 Post-Configuration Steps to take after Configuring BI Publisher................................... 14-17
14.12 EMBIP* Roles: Granting Access to Folders and Catalog Objects.................................... 14-17
14.13 Access to Enterprise Manager Repository.......................................................................... 14-18
x
14.14 Troubleshooting ..................................................................................................................... 14-18
14.14.1
Rerunning configureBIP ................................................................................................ 14-18
14.14.2
BI Publisher Log File Locations .................................................................................... 14-18
14.14.2.1
configureBIP Log Files ............................................................................................ 14-18
14.14.2.2
Enterprise Manager BI Publisher Tree and EM CLI Log File Output ............. 14-19
14.14.2.3
BI Publisher Runtime .............................................................................................. 14-19
14.14.3
Additional Troubleshooting.......................................................................................... 14-19
14.14.4
Redeploying All Enterprise Manager-Supplied BI Publisher Reports ................... 14-19
14.14.5
Enabling BI Publisher Debugging ................................................................................ 14-19
14.14.5.1
Turning on BI Publisher Debugging..................................................................... 14-20
14.14.5.2
Turning Off BI Publisher Debugging ................................................................... 14-20
14.15 Managing Enterprise Manager - BI Publisher Connection Credentials......................... 14-21
14.16 Managing the BI Publisher Server....................................................................................... 14-22
14.17 Using BI Publisher ................................................................................................................. 14-23
14.18 Paths to access BI Publisher.................................................................................................. 14-23
14.19 De-installing BI Publisher that was Not Installed Along with Enterprise Manager 12.1.0.5 ..
14-26
15 Running the OMS in Console-Only Mode
Part VI Configuring Enterprise Manager for High Availability
16 High Availability Solutions
16.1
16.2
16.2.1
16.3
16.4
Latest High Availability Information....................................................................................
Defining High Availability .....................................................................................................
Levels of High Availability .............................................................................................
Comparing Availability Levels ..............................................................................................
Implementing High Availability Levels ...............................................................................
16-2
16-2
16-2
16-3
16-4
17 Enterprise Manager High Availability
17.1
Agent High Availability.......................................................................................................... 17-1
17.1.1
Configuring the Management Agent to Automatically Start on Boot and Restart on
Failure 17-1
17.1.2
Configuring Restart for the Management Agent ......................................................... 17-1
17.1.3
Installing the Management Agent Software on Redundant Storage ........................ 17-2
17.2
Repository High Availability ................................................................................................. 17-2
17.2.1
General Best Practice for Repository High Availability.............................................. 17-2
17.2.2
Configuring RAC for the Management Repository..................................................... 17-2
17.3
Oracle Management Service High Availability................................................................... 17-3
17.3.1
Best Practices for Configuring the Cloud Control OMS to be Compatible with Disaster
Recovery using Alias Host Names and Storage Replication 17-4
17.3.1.1
Overview and Requirements ................................................................................... 17-4
17.3.1.2
Create an OMS installation base directory under ORACLE_BASE ................... 17-5
17.3.1.3
Configure an Alias Host Name ............................................................................... 17-5
17.3.1.4
Configure an Oracle Inventory located under OMS installation base directory ........
17-5
xi
Configure a Software Owner and Group that can be configured identically on all
nodes 17-6
17.3.1.6
Select a time zone that can be configured identically on all nodes .................... 17-6
17.3.1.7
Installation and Configuration ................................................................................ 17-6
17.3.2
Configuring the Cloud Control OMS in an Active/Passive Environment for HA
Failover Using Virtual Host Names 17-7
17.3.2.1
Overview and Requirements ................................................................................... 17-7
17.3.2.2
Installation and Configuration ................................................................................ 17-8
17.3.2.3
Setting Up the Virtual Host Name/Virtual IP Address ...................................... 17-8
17.3.2.4
Setting Up Shared Storage........................................................................................ 17-8
17.3.2.5
Setting Up the Environment .................................................................................... 17-9
17.3.2.6
Synchronizing Operating System IDs .................................................................... 17-9
17.3.2.7
Setting Up Shared Inventory ................................................................................... 17-9
17.3.2.8
Installing the Software .............................................................................................. 17-9
17.3.2.9
Starting Up Services ................................................................................................ 17-10
17.3.3
Installing Additional Management Services............................................................... 17-10
17.3.4
Configuring Multiple Management Services Behind a Server Load Balancer (SLB) ........
17-10
17.3.4.1
Configuring the Software Library......................................................................... 17-10
17.3.4.2
Configuring a Load Balancer ................................................................................. 17-10
17.3.4.2.1
SLB Side Setup .................................................................................................. 17-11
17.3.4.2.2
Enterprise Manager Side Setup ...................................................................... 17-13
17.3.4.2.3
Configuring SSL on Enterprise Manager and the SLB (Release 12.1.0.2 and
later) 17-14
17.3.1.5
18 Enterprise Manager Disaster Recovery
18.1
Disaster Recovery Overview and Topology ........................................................................ 18-2
18.2
Design Considerations ............................................................................................................ 18-3
18.2.1
Network Considerations.................................................................................................. 18-3
18.2.1.1
Planning Host Names ............................................................................................... 18-3
18.2.1.2
Load Balancers Consideration ................................................................................. 18-5
18.2.1.3
Application Virtual Host Name Consideration .................................................... 18-6
18.2.2
Storage Considerations .................................................................................................... 18-6
18.2.3
Database Considerations ................................................................................................. 18-7
18.2.3.1
Considerations Where Oracle Database Versions are Lower than 11g Release 2.......
18-8
18.2.3.2
Considerations Where Oracle Database Versions are 11g Release 2 or Higher 18-9
18.2.4
Starting Points ................................................................................................................. 18-10
18.2.4.1
The primary site is already created, standby site is being planned ................. 18-10
18.2.4.2
The primary site is already created, standby site is already created using the
deprecated "Standby WLS Domain" method. 18-11
18.2.4.3
No installation exists, both primary and standby sites are being planned..... 18-11
18.3
Setting Up Management Repository Disaster Recovery .................................................. 18-11
18.3.1
Configuring a Standby Database for the Management Repository ........................ 18-11
18.4
Setting Up the OMS, Bi Publisher Shared Storage and Software Library Disaster Recovery .
18-13
18.4.1
Management Service Disaster Recovery ..................................................................... 18-13
18.4.2
Monitoring Standby OMS Hosts .................................................................................. 18-15
xii
18.4.3
Software Library Disaster Recovery ............................................................................ 18-16
18.4.4
BI Publisher Shared Storage Disaster Recovery ........................................................ 18-16
18.4.5
Migrating an Existing Site to Shared Storage ............................................................. 18-16
18.5
Performing Switchover and Failover Operations ............................................................. 18-17
18.5.1
Switchover Procedure .................................................................................................... 18-18
18.5.2
Failover Procedure.......................................................................................................... 18-20
18.6
Keeping the Standby Site in Sync with the Primary......................................................... 18-21
18.7
Disaster Recovery Solution with ACFS Replication ......................................................... 18-22
19 Backing Up and Recovering Enterprise Manager
19.1
Backing Up Your Deployment............................................................................................... 19-1
19.2
Software Library Backup ........................................................................................................ 19-1
19.3
Management Repository Backup........................................................................................... 19-2
19.4
Oracle Management Service Backup..................................................................................... 19-2
19.5
Management Agent Backup ................................................................................................... 19-4
19.6
Recovery of Failed Enterprise Manager Components........................................................ 19-4
19.6.1
Repository Recovery ........................................................................................................ 19-4
19.6.2
Recovery Scenarios ........................................................................................................... 19-5
19.6.2.1
Full Recovery on the Same Host ............................................................................. 19-6
19.6.2.2
Incomplete Recovery on the Same Host................................................................. 19-6
19.6.2.3
Full Recovery on a Different Host........................................................................... 19-6
19.6.2.4
Incomplete Recovery on a Different Host.............................................................. 19-7
19.6.3
Recovering the OMS......................................................................................................... 19-8
19.6.3.1
Recovering the Software Homes ............................................................................. 19-8
19.6.3.2
Recreating the OMS................................................................................................... 19-9
19.6.4
OMS Recovery Scenarios ................................................................................................. 19-9
19.6.4.1
Single OMS, No Server Load Balancer (SLB), OMS Restored on the same Host ........
19-9
19.6.4.2
Single OMS, No SLB, OMS Restored on a Different Host ................................. 19-11
19.6.4.3
Single OMS, No SLB, OMS Restored on a Different Host using the Original
Hostname 19-12
19.6.4.4
Multiple OMS, Server Load Balancer, Primary OMS Recovered on the Same Host..
19-13
19.6.4.5
Multiple OMS, Server Load Balancer Configured, Primary OMS Recovered on a
Different Host 19-15
19.6.4.6
Multiple OMS, SLB configured, additional OMS recovered on same or different
host 19-16
19.6.5
Recovering the Software Library.................................................................................. 19-17
19.6.6
Recovering Management Agents ................................................................................. 19-17
19.6.7
Management Agent Recovery Scenarios..................................................................... 19-18
19.6.7.1
Management Agent Reinstall Using the Same Port ........................................... 19-18
19.6.7.2
Management Agent Restore from Filesystem Backup....................................... 19-19
19.7
Recovering from a Simultaneous OMS-Management Repository Failure .................... 19-19
19.7.1
Collapsed Configuration: Incomplete Management Repository Recovery, Primary
OMS on the Same Host 19-19
19.7.2
Distributed Configuration: Incomplete Management Repository Recovery, Primary
OMS and additional OMS on Different Hosts, SLB Configured 19-20
xiii
20 Running Multiple BI Publisher Servers
20.1
Introduction BI Publisher Multi-Server Environments...................................................... 20-2
20.2
Reconfiguring BI Publisher to Use a Shared Storage Device ............................................ 20-4
20.3
Adding Secondary BI Publisher Server(s)............................................................................ 20-5
20.3.1
Path A - Configuring a Secondary BI Publisher Server Automatically using the "add
OMS Provisioning" Job 20-6
20.3.1.1
Configuring the Primary BI Publishser Server...................................................... 20-6
20.3.1.2
Reconfiguring BI Publisher to Use Shared Storage .............................................. 20-6
20.3.1.3
Adding an Additional OMS System and Automatically Configuring a Secondary
BI Publisher Server 20-6
20.3.2
Path B: Configuring Secondary BI Publisher Server(s) after Additional OMS Systems
have already been added 20-7
20.3.2.1
Configuring primary BI Publisher Server.............................................................. 20-7
20.3.2.2
Reconfiguring BI Publisher to Use Shared Storage .............................................. 20-7
20.3.2.3
Configuring a Secondary BI Publisher server(s)................................................... 20-7
20.4
Confirming Correct Operation of Secondary BI Publisher Servers on an Additional OMS
System 20-8
20.5
Confirming Details of the Secondary BI Publisher Server................................................. 20-8
Part VII
Deinstallation
21 Deinstalling Enterprise Manager (Single and Multi-OMS Environments)
21.1
Deinstalling Enterprise Manager...........................................................................................
21.1.1
Prerequisites for Deinstalling Only the OMS and Retaining the Management
Repository 21-1
21.1.2
Prerequisites for Deinstalling the Entire Enterprise Manager System .....................
21.1.3
Procedure for Deinstalling Enterprise Manager ..........................................................
21.1.3.1
Deinstalling Enterprise Manager in Graphical Mode ..........................................
21.1.3.2
Deinstalling Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode..................................................
21.1.4
After Deinstalling Enterprise Manager .......................................................................
21.2
Deinstalling or Undeploying Only Plug-ins from the OMS............................................
21.3
Deleting OMS Entries from the Management Repository ...............................................
21-1
21-4
21-6
21-6
21-8
21-12
21-12
21-12
22 Deinstalling Oracle Management Agents
22.1
Deinstalling Oracle Management Agents ............................................................................ 22-1
22.1.1
Prerequisites for Deinstalling Oracle Management Agents ....................................... 22-1
22.1.2
Procedure for Deinstalling Oracle Management Agents ........................................... 22-2
22.1.2.1
(Most Recommended) Deinstalling Oracle Management Agents Using the
AgentDeinstall.pl Script 22-2
22.1.2.2
Deinstalling Oracle Management Agents Using the Installation Wizard in
Graphical Mode 22-3
22.1.2.3
Deinstalling Oracle Management Agent Using the Installation Wizard in Silent
Mode 22-4
22.1.2.4
Deinstalling Shared Agents...................................................................................... 22-6
22.1.2.5
Deinstalling Oracle Management Agent Installed Using an RPM File ............. 22-6
22.1.3
After Deinstalling Oracle Management Agents ........................................................... 22-6
22.2
Deinstalling or Undeploying Only Plug-ins from the Oracle Management Agent ....... 22-8
xiv
23 Deinstalling ADP and JVMD
23.1
Deinstalling ADP .....................................................................................................................
23.1.1
Removing ADP Engine ....................................................................................................
23.1.1.1
Removing ADP Engine Using Application Performance Management Page..
23.1.1.2
Removing ADP Engine Manually...........................................................................
23.1.1.3
Removing ADP Engine Manually Using ApmEngineSetup.pl ..........................
23.1.2
Removing ADP Agents....................................................................................................
23.1.2.1
Removing ADP Agents Using Application Performance Management Page..
23.1.2.2
Removing ADP Agents Manually ..........................................................................
23.2
Deinstalling JVMD...................................................................................................................
23.2.1
Removing JVMD Engine .................................................................................................
23.2.1.1
Removing JVMD Engine Using Application Performance Management Page
23.2.1.2
Removing JVMD Engine Manually ........................................................................
23.2.1.3
Removing JVMD Engine Manually Using ApmEngineSetup.pl........................
23.2.2
Removing JVMD Agents .................................................................................................
23.2.2.1
Removing JVMD Agents Using Application Performance Management Page
23.2.2.2
Removing JVMD Agents Manually ........................................................................
23-1
23-1
23-1
23-2
23-2
23-3
23-3
23-4
23-5
23-5
23-5
23-6
23-6
23-7
23-7
23-8
24 Removing Standby Oracle Management Services
24.1
24.2
Removing Additional Standby OMS Instances................................................................... 24-1
Removing the First Standby OMS ......................................................................................... 24-3
Part VIII Appendixes
A Understanding the Enterprise Manager Directory Structure
A.1
A.1.1
A.1.2
A.1.3
A.1.4
A.2
A.3
A.3.1
A.3.2
A.4
B
Understanding the Enterprise Manager Directories Installed with Oracle Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control 12c A-1
About the Oracle Management Service Home Directory ............................................. A-2
About the Oracle Management Agent Home (AGENT_HOME) Directory .............. A-2
About Business Intelligence Publisher Home Directory .............................................. A-2
Summary of the Important Directories in the Oracle Management Service Home.. A-2
Understanding the Enterprise Manager Directories Installed with Management Service ......
A-3
Understanding the Enterprise Manager Directories Installed with Management Agent........
A-3
Summary of the Important Directories in the Oracle Management Agent Home.... A-4
Understanding the Oracle Management Agent Directory Structure in Windows ... A-6
Identifying the Agent Instance Home When Using the emctl Command ........................ A-6
Overview of the Installation and Configuration Log Files
B.1
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Logs ..........................................................
B.1.1
Installation Logs..................................................................................................................
B.1.2
Configuration Logs.............................................................................................................
B.1.2.1
General Configuration Logs.......................................................................................
B.1.2.2
Repository Configuration Logs .................................................................................
B.1.2.2.1
SYSMAN Schema Operation Logs.....................................................................
B-1
B-1
B-1
B-2
B-2
B-2
xv
B.1.2.2.2
EMPrereqKit Logs ................................................................................................
B.1.2.2.3
MDS Schema Operation Logs.............................................................................
B.1.2.3
Secure Logs...................................................................................................................
B.1.2.4
Oracle Management Service Logs .............................................................................
B.2
Add Host Log Files ....................................................................................................................
B.2.1
Initialization Logs ...............................................................................................................
B.2.2
Application Prerequisite Logs ..........................................................................................
B.2.3
System Prerequisite Logs...................................................................................................
B.2.4
Agent Installation Logs......................................................................................................
B.2.5
Other Add Host Logs .........................................................................................................
B.3
Manual Management Agent Installation Logs ......................................................................
B.4
Additional OMS Installation Logs...........................................................................................
B-4
B-4
B-5
B-5
B-5
B-5
B-6
B-6
B-6
B-7
B-7
B-8
C Redirecting Oracle Management Agent to Another Oracle Management
Service
C.1
C.2
Prerequisites for Redirecting a Management Agent to Another OMS .............................. C-1
Redirecting a Management Agent to Another OMS............................................................. C-2
D Applying Patches to Oracle Management Agents While Deploying or
Upgrading Them
D.1
D.2
Saving Management Agent Patches to an OMS Host .......................................................... D-1
Verifying Patch Application After Management Agent Deployment or Upgrade.......... D-3
E Using the RepManager Utility
E.1
E.2
Overview of the RepManager Utility...................................................................................... E-1
Actions and Commands Supported by the RepManager Utility........................................ E-1
F Collecting OCM Data Using Oracle Harvester
F.1
F.1.1
F.1.2
F.1.3
F.1.4
F.1.5
F.1.6
F.1.7
F.1.8
F.2
F.3
F.4
F.4.1
F.4.2
F.4.3
F.4.4
xvi
Oracle Harvester ........................................................................................................................ F-2
Highlights of Oracle Harvester......................................................................................... F-2
Oracle Harvester and OCM............................................................................................... F-2
Support For Enterprise Manager Release 12.1 ............................................................... F-3
Viewing CSIs in Enterprise Manager............................................................................... F-3
Harvester Target Lifecycle Properties from Enterprise Manager................................ F-4
Harvester Job Status Metric............................................................................................... F-4
Supported Targets in Oracle Harvester........................................................................... F-5
Configuration Data Not Available in My Oracle Support............................................ F-5
Oracle Configuration Manager ................................................................................................ F-5
Additional Information About MOS and OCM .................................................................... F-6
Troubleshooting Configuration Data Collection Tools ........................................................ F-6
Oracle Harvester Collection Fails If the state/upload/external Directory Is Missing......
F-7
Oracle Configuration Manager Is Not Running............................................................. F-7
Configuration Data Not Available in My Oracle Support............................................ F-7
Only a Subset of the Targets Is Collected by the Oracle Harvester............................. F-8
G Enabling the Enterprise Manager Accessibility Features
G.1
G.2
G.3
G.4
Enabling Enterprise Manager Accessibility Mode................................................................
Setting uix-config.xml Flag.......................................................................................................
Configuring web.xml File .........................................................................................................
Verifying That Screen Reader Support Is Enabled ...............................................................
G-1
G-2
G-2
G-3
H Configuring Targets for Failover in Active/Passive Environments
H.1
H.2
H.2.1
H.2.2
H.2.2.1
H.2.2.2
H.3
H.4
H.5
H.6
H.6.1
Target Relocation in Active/Passive Environments.............................................................
Installation and Configuration.................................................................................................
Prerequisites ........................................................................................................................
Configuration Steps............................................................................................................
Discovering Targets ....................................................................................................
Deploying Plug-ins......................................................................................................
Failover Procedure.....................................................................................................................
Failback Procedure ....................................................................................................................
EM CLI relocate_targets Parameters.......................................................................................
Relocation Script ........................................................................................................................
Relocation Script Example.................................................................................................
H-1
H-2
H-2
H-2
H-2
H-3
H-3
H-4
H-4
H-5
H-5
I Standby OMSs Using Standby WebLogic Domain
Configuring Standby Management Services on a Standby Site............................................ I-1
Installing the First Standby Management Service ........................................................... I-2
Installing the First Standby Management Service (Oracle Installer, Software Only
Mode) I-4
I.1.3
Installing Additional Standby Management Services ..................................................... I-6
I.1.4
Installing Additional Standby Management Services (Oracle Installer, Software Only
Mode) I-8
I.1.5
Validating Your Installation and Complete the Setup .................................................. I-10
I.1.5.1
Keeping the Standby Site in Sync.............................................................................. I-10
I.2
Managing Switchover and Failover Operations ................................................................... I-13
I.2.1
Switchover ........................................................................................................................... I-13
I.2.2
Failover................................................................................................................................. I-15
I.1
I.1.1
I.1.2
J Troubleshooting
J.1
Troubleshooting Configuration Assistant Failures................................................................ J-1
J.1.1
Plugins Prerequisite Check Configuration Assistant ..................................................... J-1
J.1.1.1
Log Files ......................................................................................................................... J-2
J.1.1.2
Workaround Steps........................................................................................................ J-2
J.1.2
Repository Configuration Assistant.................................................................................. J-2
J.1.2.1
Log Files ......................................................................................................................... J-2
J.1.2.2
Workaround Steps........................................................................................................ J-2
J.1.3
Repository Out Of Box Configuration Assistant............................................................. J-3
J.1.3.1
Log Files ......................................................................................................................... J-3
J.1.3.2
Workaround Steps........................................................................................................ J-3
J.1.4
MDS Schema Configuration Assistant ............................................................................. J-4
J.1.4.1
Log Files ......................................................................................................................... J-4
xvii
J.1.4.2
Workaround Steps........................................................................................................ J-4
J.1.5
OMS Configuration Assistant ............................................................................................ J-5
J.1.5.1
Log Files ......................................................................................................................... J-5
J.1.5.2
Workaround Steps........................................................................................................ J-5
J.1.6
Plugins Deployment and Configuration Configuration Assistant............................... J-6
J.1.6.1
Log Files ......................................................................................................................... J-6
J.1.6.2
Workaround Steps........................................................................................................ J-6
J.1.7
Start Oracle Management Service Configuration Assistant .......................................... J-6
J.1.7.1
Log Files ......................................................................................................................... J-6
J.1.7.2
Workaround Steps........................................................................................................ J-6
J.1.8
Plugins Inventory Migration Configuration Assistant .................................................. J-6
J.1.8.1
Log Files ......................................................................................................................... J-6
J.1.8.2
Workaround Steps........................................................................................................ J-6
J.1.9
Oracle Configuration Manager Repeater Configuration Assistant.............................. J-7
J.1.9.1
Log Files ......................................................................................................................... J-7
J.1.9.2
Workaround Steps........................................................................................................ J-7
J.1.10
OCM Configuration for OMS Configuration Assistant ................................................. J-7
J.1.10.1
Log Files ......................................................................................................................... J-7
J.1.10.2
Workaround Steps........................................................................................................ J-8
J.1.11
Agent Configuration Assistant .......................................................................................... J-8
J.1.11.1
Log Files ......................................................................................................................... J-8
J.1.11.2
Workaround Steps........................................................................................................ J-8
J.1.12
Agent Upgrade Configuration Assistant ......................................................................... J-9
J.1.12.1
Log Files ......................................................................................................................... J-9
J.1.12.2
Workaround Steps........................................................................................................ J-9
J.1.13
Repository Upgrade Configuration Assistant ................................................................. J-9
J.1.13.1
Log Files ......................................................................................................................... J-9
J.1.13.2
Workaround Steps........................................................................................................ J-9
J.1.14
Stopping APM Engines Configuration Assistant ......................................................... J-10
J.1.14.1
Log Files ....................................................................................................................... J-10
J.1.14.2
Workaround Steps...................................................................................................... J-10
J.1.15
Stop Admin Server Configuration Assistant ................................................................. J-11
J.1.15.1
Log Files ....................................................................................................................... J-11
J.1.15.2
Workaround Steps...................................................................................................... J-11
J.2
Troubleshooting ADP and JVMD Failures ........................................................................... J-11
J.2.1
ADP Engine Name Conflict ............................................................................................. J-11
J.2.1.1
Error.............................................................................................................................. J-12
J.2.1.2
Workaround Steps...................................................................................................... J-12
J.2.2
ADP Agent Deployment Failure ..................................................................................... J-12
J.2.2.1
Error.............................................................................................................................. J-12
J.2.2.2
Workaround Steps...................................................................................................... J-12
J.2.3
ADP Agent Deployment Failure on WebLogic Server 12.1.2 ..................................... J-12
J.2.3.1
Error.............................................................................................................................. J-12
J.2.3.2
Workaround Steps...................................................................................................... J-13
J.2.4
JVMD Agent Deployment Failure................................................................................... J-13
J.2.4.1
Error.............................................................................................................................. J-13
J.2.4.2
Workaround Steps...................................................................................................... J-13
xviii
J.2.5
SSL Handshake Failure During Agent Deployment ....................................................
J.2.5.1
Error..............................................................................................................................
J.2.5.2
Workaround Steps......................................................................................................
J.2.6
Copying ADP Agent Zip or Javadiagnosticagent.ear Failure.....................................
J.2.6.1
Error..............................................................................................................................
J.2.6.2
Workaround Steps......................................................................................................
J.2.7
JVM Pool Creation Failure................................................................................................
J.2.7.1
Error..............................................................................................................................
J.2.7.2
Troubleshooting Tips .................................................................................................
J.3
Troubleshooting Package-Related Issues ..............................................................................
J.4
Troubleshooting Deinstallation Failures ...............................................................................
J.5
Troubleshooting Management Agent Installation Failures................................................
J-13
J-13
J-14
J-14
J-14
J-14
J-15
J-15
J-15
J-15
J-16
J-17
Index
xix
xx
Preface
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide is
an extension to Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.
While the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide covers basic
installation procedures that help you get started with Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control, the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and
Configuration Guide covers advanced installation procedures that help you install and
configure the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control components in more complex
environments.
This preface contains the following topics:
■
Intended Audience
■
Purpose of the Document
■
Documentation Accessibility
■
Related Documents
■
Conventions
Intended Audience
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide is
meant for system administrators who want to install Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control components in complex environments.
Purpose of the Document
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
covers the following:
■
■
Installing the following in graphical mode:
–
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control software only so that you can configure it
later
–
Oracle Management Agent using a shared Oracle home
–
Application Dependency and Performance (ADP) with advanced installation
options
–
JVM Diagnostics (JVMD) with advanced installation options
Installing the following in silent mode:
–
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
xxi
■
■
■
–
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control software only so that you can configure it
later
–
Additional Oracle Management Service
–
Oracle Management Agent
–
Oracle Management Agent software only so that you can configure it later
–
Oracle Management Agent using a shared Oracle home
Cloning Oracle Management Agent in graphical and silent mode
Configuring advanced installation tasks such as configuring firewalls, sizing the
Enterprise Manager deployment, and integrating BI publisher.
Deinstalling Enterprise Manager Cloud Control and Oracle Management Agent in
graphical and silent mode
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
does NOT cover the following procedures. These procedures are documented in the
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.
■
Installing Enterprise Manager Cloud Control in graphical mode
■
Installing an additional Oracle Management Service in graphical mode
■
Installing Oracle Management Agent in graphical mode
■
Installing JVM Diagnostics and Application Dependency and Performance with
default installation options
Also, Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration
Guide does NOT cover the procedure for upgrading your existing Enterprise Manager
system. The upgrade procedure is documented in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control Upgrade Guide.
Documentation Accessibility
For information about Oracle's commitment to accessibility, visit the Oracle
Accessibility Program website at
http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=acc&id=docacc.
Access to Oracle Support
Oracle customers that have purchased support have access to electronic support
through My Oracle Support. For information, visit
http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=acc&id=info or visit
http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=acc&id=trs if you are hearing
impaired.
Related Documents
For more information, see the following books in the Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control documentation library:
■
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide
■
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Upgrade Guide
■
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Administrator's Guide
For the latest releases of these and other Oracle documentation, check the Oracle
Technology Network at the following URL:
xxii
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/indexes/documentation/index.html
Enterprise Manager also provides extensive online Help. Click Help at the top-right
corner of any Cloud Control page to display the online help window.
Conventions
The following text conventions are used in this document:
Convention
Meaning
boldface
Boldface type indicates graphical user interface elements associated
with an action, or terms defined in text or the glossary.
italic
Italic type indicates book titles, emphasis, or placeholder variables for
which you supply particular values.
monospace
Monospace type indicates commands within a paragraph, URLs, code
in examples, text that appears on the screen, or text that you enter.
xxiii
xxiv
What’s New in This Book Revision
In addition updating the books for an incremental software release or a patch set
release, Oracle revises its books regularly to incorporate bug fixes and value-added
feedback from customers, product managers, support teams, and other key
stakeholders. Every time a book is revised, the revision number of the book is
increased by one and then published on Oracle Technology Network (OTN).
This chapter lists the changes incorporated in the latest revision (E24089-47) and all the
previous revisions of Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and
Configuration Guide (this book). Note that the latest revision (E24089-47) is the current
revision published on OTN, and the latest revision always contains all the changes
incorporated in its previous revisions.
In particular, this chapter covers the following:
■
Changes Incorporated in the Latest Revision (Published)
■
Changes Incorporated in the Previous Revisions (Archived)
Changes Incorporated in the Latest Revision (Published)
The following are the changes incorporated in the latest revision (E24089-47) that is
published on OTN.
Part, Chapter, or
Section Number
Chapter J
Change Description
Added a reference note to My Oracle Support note 1495519.1.at
section J.1.7.2.
Changes Incorporated in the Previous Revisions (Archived)
The following sections describe the changes incorporated in the previous revisions.
These revisions have been archived, and therefore are not currently available on OTN.
Changes Incorporated in E24089-46
Part, Chapter, or
Section Number
Change Description
Chapter 11
Removed references to 13c.
xxv
Changes Incorporated in E24089-45
Part, Chapter, or
Section Number
Section 7.2
Change Description
Added a point about emd.properties file changes not being carried
over after cloning.
Changes Incorporated in E24089-44
xxvi
Part, Chapter, or
Section Number
Change Description
Chapter 18
Update chapter reference in the introductory paragraph.
Chapter 14
Remove release 5 references. Correct configureBIP script reference.
Part I
Part I
Getting Started
This part describes how you can procure the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
software and the Oracle Management Agent software, and explains some key concepts
you must know before you start using Enterprise Manager Cloud Control. In
particular, this part contains the following chapters:
■
Chapter 1, "Procuring the Software"
■
Chapter 2, "Understanding the Basics"
1
Procuring the Software
1
This chapter describes how you can procure the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
software and the Oracle Management Agent software. In particular, this chapter covers
the following:
■
Releases Available for Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
■
Procuring the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Software
■
Procuring the Oracle Management Agent Software
1.1 Releases Available for Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Table 1–1 describes the releases Enterprise Manager Cloud Control has had so far.
Procuring the Software 1-1
Releases Available for Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
1-2 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Releases Available for Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Table 1–1
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Releases
Release
Numbers
Release Type
Release
Date
Implementation
Method
(Recommended)
Patch Set 4
June 2015
■
Oracle Enterprise
Manager Cloud
Control 12c
Release 5
(12.1.0.5)
■
■
■
■
Oracle Enterprise
Manager Cloud
Control 12c
Release 4
(12.1.0.4)
Patch Set 3
May 2014
■
■
■
■
New installation of
12c Release 5
(12.1.0.5)
Description
Patch set containing several bug
fixes, enhancements, and new
features.
Upgrade from 12c
Release 4 (12.1.0.4)
Upgrade from 12c
Release 3 (12.1.0.3)
[either (12.1.0.3) or
(12.1.0.3) Plug-in
Update 1]
Upgrade from 12c
Release 2 (12.1.0.2)
[either (12.1.0.2) or
(12.1.0.2) Plug-in
Update 1]
Upgrade from 10g
Release 5 (10.2.0.5),
11g Release 1
(11.1.0.1)
New installation of
12c Release 4
(12.1.0.4)
Patch set containing several bug
fixes, enhancements, and new
features.
Upgrade from 12c
Release 3 (12.1.0.3)
[either (12.1.0.3) or
(12.1.0.3) Plug-in
Update 1]
Upgrade from 12c
Release 2 (12.1.0.2)
[either (12.1.0.2) or
(12.1.0.2) Plug-in
Update 1]
Upgrade from 10g
Release 5 (10.2.0.5),
11g Release 1
(11.1.0.1)
Procuring the Software 1-3
Releases Available for Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Table 1–1 (Cont.) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Releases
Release
Numbers
Oracle Enterprise
Manager Cloud
Control 12c
Release 3 Plug-in
Update 1
(12.1.0.3)
Release Type
Release
Date
Plug-In Update
1
October
2013
(Enterprise
Manager Cloud
Control 12c
Release 3
(12.1.0.3)
software with
plug-ins released
in October 2013)
Implementation
Method
■
■
■
■
New installation of
12c Release 3
(12.1.0.3)
Upgrade from 12c
Release 2 (12.1.0.2),
which is (12.1.0.2)
Patch Set 1 or
(12.1.0.2) Plug-in
Update 1
Upgrade from 12c
Release 1 (12.1.0.1),
only with Bundle
Patch 1
Upgrade from 10g
Release 5 (10.2.0.5),
11g Release 1
(11.1.0.1)
Description
Contains the 12c Release 3 (12.1.0.3)
software binaries updated with new
plug-ins and updated plug-in
versions released in October 2013.
However, the 12c Release 3 (12.1.0.3)
software binaries have not been
changed; they have only been
integrated with new plug-ins and
updated plug-in versions released in
October 2013. Even the Management
Agent software binaries have not
been changed. This is essentially a
release, and not a patch set or a
patch.
To view a list of plug-ins integrated
with this release, see the List of
Plug-ins Integrated with this Release
section in the Getting Started chapter
of the Oracle Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide
12c Release 3 (12.1.0.3). The guide is
available in the Enterprise Manager
documentation library at the
following URL:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwo
rk/indexes/documentation/index.
html
Oracle Enterprise
Manager Cloud
Control 12c
Release 3
(12.1.0.3)
Patch Set 2
June 2013
■
■
■
■
New installation of
12c Release 3
(12.1.0.3)
Patch set containing several bug
fixes, enhancements, and new
features.
Upgrade from 12c
Release 2 (12.1.0.2)
[either (12.1.0.2) or
(12.1.0.2) Plug-in
Update 1]
Upgrade from 12c
Release 1 (12.1.0.1),
only with Bundle
Patch 1
Upgrade from 10g
Release 5 (10.2.0.5),
11g Release 1
(11.1.0.1)
1-4 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Releases Available for Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Table 1–1 (Cont.) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Releases
Release
Numbers
Oracle Enterprise
Manager Cloud
Control 12c
Release 2 Plug-in
Update 1
(12.1.0.2)
Release Type
Release
Date
Plug-In Update
1
February
2013
(Enterprise
Manager Cloud
Control 12c
Release 2
(12.1.0.2)
software with
plug-ins released
in February
2013)
Implementation
Method
■
■
■
New installation of
12c Release 2
(12.1.0.2)
Upgrade from 12c
Release 1 (12.1.0.1),
with or without
Bundle Patch 1
Upgrade from 10g
Release 5 (10.2.0.5),
11g Release 1
(11.1.0.1)
Description
Contains the 12c Release 2 (12.1.0.2)
software binaries updated with new
plug-ins and updated plug-in
versions released in February 2013.
However, the 12c Release 2 (12.1.0.2)
software binaries have not been
changed; they have only been
integrated with new plug-ins and
updated plug-in versions released in
February 2013. Even the
Management Agent software
binaries have not been changed. This
is essentially a release, and not a
patch set or a patch.
To view a list of plug-ins integrated
with this release, see the List of
Plug-ins Integrated with this Release
section in the Getting Started chapter
of the Oracle Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide
12c Release 2 (12.1.0.2). The guide is
available in the Enterprise Manager
documentation library at the
following URL:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwo
rk/indexes/documentation/index.
html
Procuring the Software 1-5
Procuring the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Software
Table 1–1 (Cont.) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Releases
Release
Numbers
Enterprise
Manager Cloud
Control 12c
Release 2
(12.1.0.2)
Release Type
Patch Set 1
Release
Date
August
2012
Implementation
Method
■
■
■
Enterprise
Manager Cloud
Control 12c
Release 1
(12.1.0.1)
Bundle Patch 1
January
2012
■
■
■
Enterprise
Manager Cloud
Control 12c
Release 1
(12.1.0.1)
Base Release
October
2011
■
■
New installation of
12c Release 2
(12.1.0.2)
Description
Patch set containing several bug
fixes, enhancements, and new
features.
Upgrade from 12c
Release 1 (12.1.0.1),
with or without
Bundle Patch 1
Upgrade from 10g
Release 5 (10.2.0.5),
11g Release 1
(11.1.0.1)
New installation of Bundle patch containing several bug
fixes and support for ported
12c Release 1
(12.1.0.1) containing platforms.
Bundle Patch 1.
Patching of the base
release, that is, 12c
Release 1 (12.1.0.1)
Upgrade from 10g
Release 5 (10.2.0.5),
11g Release 1
(11.1.0.1)
New installation of
12c Release 1
(12.1.0.1)
First ever 12c release.
Upgrade from 10g
Release 5 (10.2.0.5),
11g Release 1
(11.1.0.1)
For more information on these releases and the platforms they
support, access the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Certification
Matrix. For instructions to access this matrix, refer to the Oracle
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.
Note:
1.2 Procuring the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Software
You can procure the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control software from either the
product DVD or the Oracle Technology Network (OTN) Web site. This section
describes these sources and covers the following:
■
How Do You Access the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Software from a DVD?
■
How Do You Procure the Software from Oracle Technology Network?
1.2.1 How Do You Access the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Software from a DVD?
You can obtain the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control software from the product DVD
that is available through Oracle Service Delivery Managers or Oracle Sales
Representatives. The software may be available either on a single DVD or on DVDs
depending on the operating system.
This section covers the following:
1-6 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Procuring the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Software
■
Accessing the Software from a DVD
■
Setting Mount Points for a DVD
1.2.1.1 Accessing the Software from a DVD
If the software is available on a single DVD, then insert the DVD into the DVD drive,
and manually run the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Wizard.
If the software is available on multiple DVDs, then copy the archived software from
each of the DVDs to a location on your local disk. Extract the contents of each of the
archived files to the same location. Then, invoke the Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control Installation Wizard.
For example, for 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5), Oracle delivers three DVDs for Linux x86 and
x86_64, mainly these:
■
DVD1, containing a ZIP file with the name em12105_linux_disk1of3.zip
■
DVD2, containing a ZIP file with the name em12105_linux_disk2of3.zip
■
DVD3, containing a ZIP file with the name em12105_linux_disk3of3.zip
In this case, copy the three ZIP files to a location on your disk, for example, /temp, and
then extract their contents in the same location. Extracting the contents to different
locations will cause the installation to fail.
$ cp -r em12105_linux_disk1of3.zip /temp
$ cp -r em12105_linux_disk2of3.zip /temp
$ cp -r em12105_linux_disk3of3.zip /temp
$ cd /temp
$ unzip em12105_linux_disk1of3.zip
$ unzip em12105_linux_disk2of3.zip
$ unzip em12105_linux_disk3of3.zip
For information about the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Installation Wizard, see Section 2.1.2.
Note:
1.2.1.2 Setting Mount Points for a DVD
If you want to access the DVD from a shared DVD drive, then set a mount point for
the DVD drive.
On most Linux operating systems, the disk mounts automatically when you insert the
DVD into the DVD drive. However, for some Linux operating systems, you might
have to manually mount the disk. To verify whether the disk mounts automatically
and to manually mount the disk if it does not mount itself automatically, follow these
steps:
1.
Insert the DVD into the disk drive.
2.
To verify if the disk is automatically mounted, run the following command:
■
On Red Hat Enterprise Linux:
# ls /mnt/cdrom
■
On SUSE Linux Enterprise Server:
# ls /media/cdrom
Procuring the Software 1-7
Procuring the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Software
3.
If the command in Step (2) fails to display the contents of the disk, then run the
following command:
■
On Red Hat Enterprise Linux:
# mount -t nfs <host name>:/mnt/<full path to the dvdrom>
■
On SUSE Linux Enterprise Server:
# mount -t nfs <host name>:/media/<full path to the dvdrom>
On most AIX operating systems, the disk mounts automatically when you insert the
DVD into the DVD drive. However, for some AIX operating systems, you might have
to manually mount the disk. To manually mount the disk if it does not mount itself
automatically, follow these steps:
1.
Switch the user to root user by running the following command:
$ su -root
2.
Insert the disk into the drive.
If required, enter the following command to eject the currently
mounted disk and to remove it from the drive:
Note:
# /usr/sbin/umount /<SD_DVD>
3.
Enter the following command:
# /usr/sbin/mount -rv cdrfs /dev/cd0 /SD_DVD
In this example command, /SD_DVD is the disk mount point directory and
/dev/cd0 is the device name for the disk device.
4.
If you are prompted to specify the disk location, then specify the disk mount point
directory path. For example, /SD_DVD
1.2.2 How Do You Procure the Software from Oracle Technology Network?
You can procure the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control software from OTN. The
software available on OTN is archived using Info-ZIP's highly portable ZIP utility. The
software is available in ZIP files. After downloading the software, you will need the
UNZIP utility to extract the files.
This section covers the following:
■
Downloading the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Software
■
Verifying the File Size of Enterprise Manager Zip Files
■
Extracting the Contents of the Enterprise Manager Zip File
■
Verifying the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Software Release Description
■
Verifying the Platform Information
1.2.2.1 Downloading the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Software
To download the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control software from OTN, access the
following URL:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/oem/enterprise-manager/downloads/index.h
tml
1-8 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Procuring the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Software
The software is available in ZIP files. Download the ZIP files to a common location on
your local disk.
1.2.2.2 Verifying the File Size of Enterprise Manager Zip Files
After downloading the ZIP files, do the following:
1.
Run the cksum command against the ZIP files and check if the file checksum of the
downloaded software is the same as the file checksum displayed on OTN.
For example, the following is the format of the ZIP files released for 12c Release 5
(12.1.0.5):
em12105_<platform>_diskNofM.zip (<value> bytes) (cksum - <value>)
Here, <platform> refers to the operating system, N refers to the ZIP file number,
and M refers to the total number of ZIP files available for download. For example,
em12105_linux_disk1of3.zip, em12105_linux_disk2of3.zip, em12105_linux_
disk3of3.zip.
The value (cksum - <value>) is the file checksum that you need to check. To check
the file checksum of the first ZIP file, run the following command:
$ cksum em12105_<platform>_diskNofM.zip
For example,
$ cksum em12105_linux_disk1of3.zip
2.
Extract the contents of the ZIP files to a single directory. Navigate to the directory
and verify if you see the following files:
[a@adcxxxxxxx Disk1]$ ls
install libskgxn plugins
jdk
oms
runInstaller
response
wls
stage
WT.zip
bipruntime
1.2.2.3 Extracting the Contents of the Enterprise Manager Zip File
You must unzip the archive on the platform for which it was intended. For example, if
you download the software for the Linux x86 operating system, then you must unzip
the file on a Linux x86 operating system only. If you unzip the file on a Microsoft
Windows computer and then move the stage area to a Linux computer, then the staged
area files will get corrupted. This is because Microsoft Windows does not preserve the
case sensitivity or the permission bits of Linux file names.
If you have downloaded a single ZIP file, then extract the contents of it and manually
run the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Wizard.
For information about the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Installation Wizard, see Section 2.1.2.
Note:
If you have downloaded multiple ZIP files to a common location, then extract the
contents of all the ZIP files in the same location, and then manually run the Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control Installation Wizard.
WARNING: Extracting the contents to different locations will cause
the installation to fail.
Procuring the Software 1-9
Procuring the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Software
Tip: If you plan to store the files on a DVD, then first extract the
contents of the ZIP files, and then copy those extracted files to the
DVD. Do NOT copy the ZIP files; you need the unzipped contents of
the ZIP files to install the product.
1.2.2.4 Verifying the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Software Release
Description
Verify the software release details to ensure that you have downloaded the latest
version.
1.
After extracting the contents of the software ZIP files, navigate to the following
location and access the properties file that contains the software release
description:
Disk1/install/em/release.properties
2.
Make sure you see the following description that confirms that it is the latest
software:
Release:Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5)
1.2.2.5 Verifying the Platform Information
After extracting the contents of the ZIP file, access the following file to verify the
platform information. Here, <Software_Location> can be either the DVD mount point
or the location on your local disk where you have extracted the contents of the ZIP
files.
<Software_Location>/stage/shiphomeproperties.xml
Note that a 32-bit Enterprise Manager Cloud Control software (both Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control and Oracle Management Agent) can be installed only on a
32-bit operating system that is running on a 32-bit hardware. Similarly, a 64-bit
Enterprise Manager software can be installed only on a 64-bit operating system that is
running on a 64-bit hardware.
Do NOT try to install a 32-bit software on a 64-bit platform or vice versa; the
installation may proceed, but will fail eventually. Therefore, ensure that you use the
right software download for the right platform.
The shiphomeproperties.xml file provides the platform information as shown here:
<?xml version="1.0" standalone="yes" ?>
<ORACLEHOME_INFO>
<ARU_PLATFORM_INFO>
<ARU_ID>46</ARU_ID>
<ARU_ID_DESCRIPTION>Linux x86</ARU_ID_DESCRIPTION>
</ARU_PLATFORM_INFO>
</ORACLEHOME_INFO>
You can see the platform information in the <ARU_ID_DESCRIPTION> syntax. Table 1–2
lists the platform names that may be enclosed in this syntax, and describes whether
the names represent a 32-bit or 64-bit software.
Table 1–2
Verifying Platform Information
Platform Name
Platform Specified in ARU_ID_
DESCRIPTION
32-bit / 64-bit
Linux x86
Linux x86
32-bit
Microsoft Windows (32-bit)
Win 32
32-bit
1-10 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Procuring the Oracle Management Agent Software
Table 1–2 (Cont.) Verifying Platform Information
Platform Name
Platform Specified in ARU_ID_
DESCRIPTION
32-bit / 64-bit
Microsoft Windows (64-bit AMD64)
win 64
64-bit
Microsoft Windows (64-bit IA)
Windows Itanium
64-bit
Solaris Operating System (SPARC 64-bit)
Solaris
64-bit
HPUX PA-RISC(64-bit)
HPUNIX
64-Bit
AIX
AIX
64-bit
HP_IA64
HPI
64-bit
Linux x86-64
Linux AMD
64-bit
linux_ia64
Linux Itanium
64-bit
IBM Power Based Linux
Linux PPC
64-bit
linux_zseries64
zLinux
64-bit
HP Tru64 UNIX
Decunix
64-bit
Solaris Operating System (x86-64)
Solaris AMD64
64-bit
Solaris Operating System (x86)
Solaris AMD32
32-bit
1.3 Procuring the Oracle Management Agent Software
Oracle Management Agent (Management Agent) is one of the core components of
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control, and therefore, its software is part of the Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control software. When you install Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control, the installation wizard automatically installs a Management Agent.
You can install additional Management Agents using the Add Host Targets Wizard
built into the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control console (Cloud Control console). The
wizard uses the Management Agent software that is already present in the OMS home.
However, note that the Management Agent software present in the OMS home is
always for the version and platform on which that OMS is running. For example, if the
OMS is Oracle Management Service 12c and it is running on Linux platform, then the
Management Agent software available there is also for Linux platform.
If you want to install a Management Agent for a platform that is different from the one
on which the OMS is running, then ensure that you download that software using the
Self Update Console, which is built into the Cloud Control console.
For information on Self Update, see Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Administrator’s Guide. For instructions to download the software, see the chapter on
updating Cloud Control in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation
Guide.
Note: The Management Agent software for 12c Release X (12.1.0.X) is
not available on OTN, so the only way you can download the software
is using the Self Update Console.
Procuring the Software 1-11
Procuring the Oracle Management Agent Software
1-12 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
2
Understanding the Basics
2
This chapter introduces you to some key concepts of Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control, and describes some important aspects of installation that you must know
before you proceed any further.
In particular, this chapter covers the following:
■
■
Understanding the Basics of Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation
Understanding the Oracle WebLogic Server Requirement for an Enterprise
Manager Installation
■
Understanding the Installation Directories
■
Understanding the Configuration Assistants
■
Understanding the Prerequisite Checks before Installing Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control
■
Understanding the Limitations of Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
■
Understanding the Startup Scripts
■
Understanding Other Miscellaneous Concepts
2.1 Understanding the Basics of Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Installation
This section describes the fundamental aspects of the installation process. In particular,
this section covers the following:
■
■
■
What are the Different Installation Modes Offered by Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control?
What Is an Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Wizard?
What Installation Types Are Offered by the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Installation Wizard?
■
What Is Oracle Configuration Manager?
■
What Are the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Software Updates?
■
What is a Deployment Size for Enterprise Manager Cloud Control in an Advanced
Configuration?
■
What Is an Add Host Target Wizard?
■
What Is a Plug-in?
■
What Is an Add Management Service Deployment Procedure?
Understanding the Basics
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Understanding the Basics of Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation
■
What Ports Are Used for Installation?
■
What Data Files Are Created While Configuring Oracle Management Repository?
■
■
How Do You Delete the Data Files Created While Configuring Oracle
Management Repository?
Globalization Support for Enterprise Manager
2.1.1 What are the Different Installation Modes Offered by Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control?
You can install Enterprise Manager Cloud Control or any of its core components either
in an interactive, graphical mode or in a silent mode.
Graphical Mode
Graphical mode is the Graphical User Interface (GUI) method that
involves usage of a Java-based installation wizard or a browser-based
application that is built into and accessed from the Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control console. This method is best suited for first-time
installations because you are guided through the entire installation
process and your installation details are captured using the interview
screens.
Silent Mode
Silent method involves usage of Oracle-supplied response files or
scripts that capture all the information required for installation. This
method is simpler and faster, but requires you to have some knowledge
on the installation process so that you can provide your installation
details in the response files without having to see the interview screens
of the installation wizard.
In both these modes, you can perform a software-only installation. A Software-Only
installation is an approach that enables you to install only the software binaries of
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control or a Management Agent, that is, without any
configuration to the installation. This is best suited when you want to install the
software at one point and configure it later.
2.1.2 What Is an Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Wizard?
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Wizard is a Java-based wizard that
helps you install or upgrade to Enterprise Manager Cloud Control in graphical mode.
If you are installing Enterprise Manager Cloud Control or any of its core components
for the first time, then Oracle strongly recommends you to use this installation wizard.
To invoke the installation wizard on UNIX platforms, run
runInstaller. To invoke on Microsoft Windows platforms, run
setup.exe.
Note:
Figure 2–1 describes the key elements of the installation wizard.
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Understanding the Basics of Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation
Figure 2–1 Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Wizard
2.1.3 What Installation Types Are Offered by the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Installation Wizard?
The Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Wizard offers the following
installation types:
■
Create a New Enterprise Manager System
■
Upgrade an Existing Enterprise Manager System
■
Install Only the Software
2.1.3.1 Create a New Enterprise Manager System
This installation type enables you to install a new Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
system with either simple or advanced configuration settings. For information about
simple and advanced installation types, refer to Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Basic Installation Guide.
For information about what is installed for both simple and advanced installation
types, refer to Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.
Note: If you want to install Enterprise Manager Cloud Control for
evaluation or demo purposes, then use the Simple installation type.
2.1.3.2 Upgrade an Existing Enterprise Manager System
This installation type enables you to upgrade the following to Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5):
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Understanding the Basics of Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation
■
■
■
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 4 (12.1.0.4)]
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 3 (12.1.0.3) [(12.1.0.3) or (12.1.0.3)
Plug-in Update 1]
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 2 (12.1.0.2) [(12.1.0.2) or (12.1.0.2)
Plug-in Update 1]
■
Enterprise Manager 11g Grid Control Release 1 (11.1.0.1)
■
Enterprise Manager 10g Grid Control Release 5 (10.2.0.5)
For upgrading Enterprise Manager 10g Grid Control Release 5 (10.2.0.5) and
Enterprise Manager 11g Grid Control Release 1 (11.1.0.1), you can select one of the
following approaches. However, for upgrading Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c
Release 4 (12.1.0.4), 12c Release 3 (12.1.0.3), or 12c Release 2 (12.1.0.2), you can select
only One System Upgrade approach.
■
■
One System Upgrade, enables you to upgrade to Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control on the same host where your earlier release of Enterprise Manager is
running. This approach also upgrades the Management Repository in the existing
Oracle Database itself. Since the upgrade happens on the same host, there is a
reasonable downtime involved.
Two System Upgrade, enables you to install Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
on a host that is different from the host where your existing Enterprise Manager
system is running. This approach does not upgrade the Management Repository
in the existing Oracle Database, but upgrades the one in the backed up database,
thus offering the scope for two Enterprise Manager systems to exist. Since a new
Enterprise Manager system coexists with the old one, there is no or near zero
downtime involved.
For more information on these upgrade options, see the Oracle
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Upgrade Guide.
Note:
2.1.3.3 Install Only the Software
This installation type enables you to install only the software binaries of Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control at one point, and configure it at a later point.
This approach helps you divide the installation process into two phases, mainly the
installation phase and the configuration phase. Understandably, the installation phase
takes less time compared to the configuration phase because the installation phase
involves only copying of binaries.
For information about what is installed during the installation phase and what is
configured during the configuration phase, refer to Section 4.1.
2.1.4 What Is Oracle Configuration Manager?
With Enterprise Manager Cloud Control, you can choose to enable Oracle
Configuration Manager. Alternatively, you can enable it after installing Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control.
Oracle Configuration Manager automatically collects configuration information from
your environment at regular intervals and uploads it to Oracle repository. This helps
Oracle maintain up-to-date information about your environment, identify security
vulnerabilities, quickly diagnose support issues, and offer better solutions consistently.
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However, no business or personal information is collected and uploaded, except for
local contact name in the event of transmission problems. Oracle guarantees that all
the information collected will be kept strictly confidential and under no
circumstances will this information be shared with any other party.
Oracle recommends that the host from where you are running the installation wizard
have a connection to the Internet so that the configuration information can be
automatically collected and uploaded to My Oracle Support.
If the host from where you are running the installation wizard has a connection to the
Internet, then on the My Oracle Support Details screen of the installation wizard, enter
the My Oracle Support user name (or e-mail address) and password.
Otherwise, enter only the e-mail address and leave the other fields blank. After you
complete the installation, manually collect the configuration information and upload it
to My Oracle Support. To understand how the configuration information can be
manually collected and uploaded, see the steps outlined in Section 2.1.4.1.
If you want to enable it after installing Enterprise Manager Cloud Control, then see
Section 2.1.4.2.
2.1.4.1 Manually Collecting and Uploading the Configuration Information
To manually collect the configuration information, follow these steps:
1.
Navigate to the OMS home and run the following command:
$<OMS_HOME>/ccr/bin/emCCR collect
For Oracle Configuration Manager 10.2.7 and higher, the collected configuration
information is stored in the /ccr/hosts/state/upload/ocmconfig.jar file. For
lower versions of Oracle Configuration Manager, the collected configuration
information is stored in the /ccr/state/upload/ocmconfig.jar file. When you
run the same command next time, the ocmconfig.jar file gets overwritten with
fresh data. Therefore, at any point, you will see only one ocmconfig.jar file.
2.
Upload the ocmconfig.jar file to a Service Request on My Oracle Support.
3.
Repeat Step (1) and Step (2) from the Management Agent home.
2.1.4.2 Enabling Oracle Configuration Manager After Installing Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control
To enable Oracle Configuration Manager at a later point, do the following:
1.
Set the environment variable ORACLE_CONFIG_HOME to the Oracle Management
Service instance base directory. Oracle Management Service instance base is the
directory where the configuration files of the OMS are created.
–
In bash terminal, run the following command:
export ORACLE_CONFIG_HOME=<absolute_path_to_gc_inst>
–
In other terminals, run the following command:
setenv ORACLE_CONFIG_HOME <absolute_path_to_gc_inst>
For information about Oracle Management Service instance
base directory, refer to Section 2.3.3.
Note:
2.
From the OMS home, run the following command:
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$<OMS_HOME>/ccr/bin/setupCCR
2.1.5 What Are the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Software Updates?
This section describes the following:
■
What Is a Software Update?
■
How Does the Software Update Feature Work?
■
What Types of Software Updates Are Downloaded and Applied?
■
How Can I Find Out What Bugs Have Been Fixed by the Software Updates?
■
Are the Software Updates Applied Automatically Even for Databases That Have
Oracle Management Repository Preconfigured?
■
How Can You Download the Software Updates?
■
Can I Download and Apply These Patches After Installation or Upgrade?
■
How Can You Identify What Patches Have Been Applied?
2.1.5.1 What Is a Software Update?
Software Update is a feature built in to the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Installation Wizard. The feature appears as the Software Updates screen in the
installer, and enables you to automatically download and deploy the latest
recommended patches while installing or upgrading Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control.
This way, you do not have to keep a manual check on the patches released by Oracle.
All patches required by the installer for successful installation and upgrade are
automatically detected and downloaded from My Oracle Support, and applied during
the installation or upgrade, thus reducing the known issues and potential failures.
Note: The patches available via the Software Updates screen must be
downloaded only via the Software Updates screen, and not from My
Oracle Support.
2.1.5.2 How Does the Software Update Feature Work?
The Software Update feature connects to My Oracle Support and first downloads a
patch, that consists of a file called patch.xml. The installer parses the patch.xml file,
and creates a directory titled updates to download all the required updates. The
updates directory has the following subdirectories:
■
updates/agent
Contains patches related only to the central agent (Management Agent installed
with the OMS).
■
updates/oms
Contains patches related to the OMS.
■
updates/metadata
Contains a subdirectory, inside which you will find the patch.xml that determines
what all updates must be downloaded and on which Oracle home they must be
applied.
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All software updates must be downloaded and applied only
via the Software Updates screen in the Installer , and not from My
Oracle Support.
Note:
2.1.5.3 What Types of Software Updates Are Downloaded and Applied?
The following are the different types of updates that can be applied using this feature:
■
OUI/Opatch Updates
Includes the latest OUI/Opatch versions or their updates. If a new version of the
installer is downloaded, then OUI is restarted and launched from the location
where the latest version is downloaded.
■
Prerequisite Updates
Includes new prerequisite check-related updates released in response to issues
reported after a release of Enterprise Manager Cloud Control. This enables OUI to
always run the latests set of prerequisite checks, thus resulting in a smoother
installation or upgrade experience.
■
EM installer Updates
Includes updates that fix OUI issues—essentially, Java code changes that most
likely results in automatic restart of OUI after their application.
■
Interim Patch Updates
Includes patches such as DST patches, performance-related patches, and so on.
They are automatically detected, downloaded, and applied.
■
Patch Set Updates
Includes multiple patch updates that fix bugs, enhance existing features, and also
sometimes introduce new features.
2.1.5.4 How Can I Find Out What Bugs Have Been Fixed by the Software Updates?
To know what bugs or issues have been fixed by the software updates downloaded via
the Software Updates screen, refer to My Oracle Support note 1099123.1.
2.1.5.5 Are the Software Updates Applied Automatically Even for Databases That
Have Oracle Management Repository Preconfigured?
During installation, you are prompted for the details of a database where Oracle
Management Repository can be configured. If you plan to provide the details of a
database that already has an Oracle Management Repository preconfigured using the
database templates offered by Oracle, then the selected software updates are not
automatically applied. In such a case, you must manually download and apply the
software updates on the database after the installation.
2.1.5.6 How Can You Download the Software Updates?
You can download the software updates in one of the following ways:
■
Download by User (Offline Mode): Use this option when you do not have
Internet connectivity on the host where you are installing Enterprise Manager, to
connect to My Oracle Support.
To download the software updates, follow these steps:
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Understanding the Basics of Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation
Caution: Make sure you download and apply the software updates
only using the installer. DO NOT directly download them from My
Oracle Support.
1.
On a host that has Internet connectivity, invoke the Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control Installation Wizard with the -downloadUpdates argument in the
following way. This argument ensures that the installation wizard is invoked
only for downloading the software updates. Make sure you run this
command only from the downloaded Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c
Release 5 (12.1.0.5) software location, and NOT from the existing OMS
home or database home.
<EM_12.1.0.5_Software_Extracted_Location/Disk1>./runInstaller
-downloadUpdates
Note:
■
■
On Microsoft Windows, run setup.exe -downloadUpdates.
Make sure you download these updates on another host (with
Internet connectivity) that runs on the same operating system as
the host on which you want to invoke the installer and install the
product. For example, if you want to install on Linux, them make
sure the host with Internet connectivity on which you are
downloading these updates also runs on Linux. Similarly, if you
want to install on Microsoft Windows, make sure you download
the patches on another host that runs on Microsoft Windows.
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Wizard appears with only two
screens, the titles of which appear on the left menu.
2.
On the Software Updates screen, enter the My Oracle Support account user
name and password, and click Search for Updates. The installation wizard
displays the Downloading Updates dialog, and downloads the software updates
to /tmp/OraInstall<timestamp>/updates. Click Next.
The installation wizard restarts itself, and this time, displays all the screens,
the titles of which appear on the left menu. Exit the installation wizard
because you have invoked it on this host only to download the software
updates, and not install the OMS.
3.
Copy the entire updates directory to the host where you want to install the
OMS.
Make sure the host from where you are copying the directory
and the host on which you are copying the directory run on the same
operating system. For example, if you downloaded the updates to the
directory on Linux host, then make sure you copy it to another Linux
host where want to install the product. Copying the directory across
operating systems is not recommended for the installation.
Note:
4.
On the host where you want to install the OMS, invoke the installation wizard.
–
In Graphical Mode: On the Software Updates screen of the installation
wizard, select Search for Updates, and then, select Local Directory. Enter
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Understanding the Basics of Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation
the location where you copied the updates, and click Search for Updates.
To search the computer and select the location, click Browse.
For example, if you copied the entire updates directory to /u01/home/em/,
then select or enter /u01/home/em/updates.
Once the search results appear with patch numbers and their details, click
the patch number to view the ReadMe associated with that patch. Otherwise, click Next. The installer automatically applies all the patches while
installing or upgrading the Enterprise Manager system.
–
In Silent Mode: Invoke the installer passing the response file with the
INSTALL_UPDATES_SELECTION parameter set to "staged", and the STAGE_
LOCATION parameter set to the absolute path of the location where the
updates are available.
If you have a proxy server set up, then invoke the installation
wizard passing the -showProxy argument. For example, if you are
invoking in graphical mode, then invoke in the following way:
Note:
<Software_Location>/runInstaller -showProxy
■
Automatic Download by Installation Wizard (Online Mode): Use this option
when you have Internet connectivity to connect to My Oracle Support
automatically using the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Wizard.
On a host that has Internet connectivity, invoke the Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control Installation Wizard.
■
In Graphical Mode: On the Software Updates screen of the installation
wizard, select Search for Updates, then select My Oracle Support. Enter the
My Oracle Support account user name and password, and click Search for
Updates.
Once the search results appear with patch numbers and their details, click the
patch number to view the ReadMe associated with that patch. Otherwise, click
Next. The installer automatically applies all the patches while installing or
upgrading the Enterprise Manager system.
■
In Silent Mode: Invoke the installer passing the response file with the
INSTALL_UPDATES_SELECTION parameter set to "download", and the
MYORACLESUPPORT_USERNAME_FOR_SOFTWAREUPDATES and the MYORACLESUPPORT_
PASSWORD_FOR_SOFTWAREUPDATES parameters set to your My Oracle Support
credentials.
2.1.5.7 Can I Download and Apply These Patches After Installation or Upgrade?
Ideally, you must download and apply the software updates only at the time of
installing or upgrading the Enterprise Manager system. The software updates fix
issues with the installation or upgrade process, and therefore, they are necessary at the
time of installing or upgrading the Enterprise Manager system.
The only exception is when you provide the details of a database that already has an
Oracle Management Repository preconfiguring using the database templates offered
by Oracle. In such a case, you must manually download and apply the updates on the
database after the installation.
Understanding the Basics
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Understanding the Basics of Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation
2.1.5.8 How Can You Identify What Patches Have Been Applied?
To identify what patches have been applied, run the following command from the
OMS home or the Management Agent home. The output of this command lists all the
applied patches.
<ORACLE_HOME>/OPatch/opatch lsinventory
2.1.6 What is a Deployment Size for Enterprise Manager Cloud Control in an Advanced
Configuration?
When you install Enterprise Manager Cloud Control with advanced configuration
settings (Advanced installation type), you have an option of selecting the deployment
size of your choice. This option is available in both graphical mode (Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control Installation Wizard) and silent mode (response file).
The deployment size essentially indicates the number of targets you plan to monitor,
the number of Management Agents you plan to have, and the number of concurrent
user sessions you plan to have.
Table 2–1 describes each deployment size.
Table 2–1
Deployment Size
Deployment Size
Targets Count
Management Agents Concurrent User
Count
Session Count
Small
Up to 999
Up to 99
Up to 10
Medium
Between 1000 and
9999
Between 100 and 999
Between 10 and 24
Large
10,000 or more
1000 or more
Between 25 and 50
If the database you are connecting to is a database instance
created with a preconfigured Management Repository using the
database templates offered by Oracle, then make sure the deployment
size you select on this screen matches with the deployment size for
which you ran the SQL script as described in Oracle Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide. Otherwise, you will see errors.
Note:
If you want to select a deployment size different from the deployment
size for which you ran the SQL script earlier, then do one of the
following:
■
■
Minimize the installer, run the SQL script intended for the
deployment size you want to select, then return to this screen and
select the desired deployment size. To understand the SQL script
to be run for each deployment size, see Oracle Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.
Select the deployment size of your choice on this screen, and click
Next. When you see errors, manually fix the parameters in the
database, then return to this screen to continue with the
installation.
The prerequisite checks are run regardless of the selection you make, but the values to
be set for the various parameters checked depend on the selection you make. For more
information about these deployment sizes, and the database parameters set for each of
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Understanding the Basics of Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation
them, refer to Chapter 11.
After installing Enterprise Manager Cloud Control with a particular deployment size,
you can choose to increase or decrease the count of targets, Management Agents, or
concurrent user sessions. However, if you do increase the count to a level that is not
appropriate for the selected deployment size, then the performance might suffer.
Under such circumstances, Oracle recommends you to modify the database
parameters according to the desired deployment size, as described in Chapter 11.
2.1.7 What Is an Add Host Target Wizard?
The Add Host Targets Wizard (Figure 2–2) is a GUI-rich application accessible from
within the Cloud Control console, and used for installing Management Agents on
unmanaged hosts and converting them to managed hosts in the Enterprise Manager
system.
Using the Add Host Targets Wizard, you can do the following:
■
Install a fresh Management Agent
■
Clone an existing well-tested, pre-patched, and running Management Agent
■
Install a Management Agent from an existing, centrally shared Management
Agent
Figure 2–2 Add Host Target Wizard
Although the Add Host Targets Wizard can be used for remotely installing one
Management Agent, the wizard is best suited for mass-deployment of Management
Agents, particularly while mass-deploying Management Agents of different releases
on hosts of different platforms. The wizard gives you the flexibility to select hosts on
which you want to install a Management Agent. This helps you when you want to
install the Management Agent on several hosts, in one attempt.
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Understanding the Basics of Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation
2.1.8 What Is a Plug-in?
Plug-ins are modules that can be plugged into an existing Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control deployment to extend target management or other vertical functionality in
Enterprise Manager.
At a high level, plug-ins contain archives for monitoring and discovering OMS
instances and Management Agents. The archives contain Java and SQL codes, and
metadata.
For more information, see Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Administrator’s
Guide.
2.1.9 What Is an Add Management Service Deployment Procedure?
A deployment procedure is a procedure that contains a hierarchal sequence of
provisioning or patching steps, where each step may contain a sequence of other steps.
In other words, the workflow of all tasks that need to be performed for a particular life
cycle management activity is encapsulated in a deployment procedure.
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control offers deployment procedures, and all of these can
be accessed from within the Cloud Control console. One of the deployment procedures
that falls within the context of Enterprise Manager Cloud Control installation is the
Add Management Service deployment procedure.
The Add Management Service deployment procedure (Figure 2–3) helps you meet
high-availability requirements by enabling you to install an additional OMS using an
existing OMS that is running on an AdminServer host.
Figure 2–3 Add Management Service Deployment Procedure
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In simple words, the Add Management Service deployment procedure enables you to
install additional OMS instances in your environment. The deployment procedure
clones an existing OMS and replicates its configuration to the destination host.
The earlier releases of Enterprise Manager offered this installation type from the
Enterprise Manager Installation Wizard. However, for the Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control release, this installation type is offered as a deployment procedure.
For more information about the deployment procedure, see the chapter on adding
additional management service in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic
Installation Guide.
2.1.10 What Ports Are Used for Installation?
This section describes the default ports that are honored while installing Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control. In particular, this section covers the following:
■
What Default Ports Are Used for Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation?
■
How Can You Check Whether a Port Is Free?
■
■
How Can You Customize the Ports During and After Installing Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control?
What Precautions You Must Take While Customizing the Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control Ports?
2.1.10.1 What Default Ports Are Used for Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Installation?
The following are the default ports used for installation:
■
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
HTTP Port
Upload Port
Console Port
4889
The first available free port from
the range 7788 - 7798 is selected.
If 4889 is not available, then the first
available free port from the range
4889 to 4898 is selected.
HTTPS Port
1159
If 1159 is not available, then the first
available free port from the range
4899 to 4908 is selected.
■
The first available free port from
the range 7799 - 7809 is selected.
Oracle Management Agent
The default upload port for Management Agent is 3872. The same port is used for
both HTTP and HTTPS. If 3872 is not available, then the first available free port
from the range 1830 to 1849 is selected.
■
Administration Server
The default HTTP port for Administration Server is 7001.
The default HTTPS port for Admin Server is 7101. If 7101 is not available, then the
first available free port from the range 7101 to 7200 is selected.
■
Node Manager
The default HTTPS port for Node Manager is 7401. If 7401 is not available, then
the first available free port from the range 7401 to 7500 is selected.
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■
Managed Server
The default HTTP port for Managed Server is 7201. If 7201 is not available, then
the first available free port from the range 7201 to 7300 is selected.
The default HTTPS port for Managed Server is 7301. If 7301 is not available, then
the first available free port from the range 7301 to 7400 is selected.
■
Oracle Management Repository
The default port for Oracle Management Repository is 1521.
■
JVM Diagnostics Managed Server
The default HTTP port for JVM Diagnostics Managed Server is 3800.
The default HTTPS port for JVM Diagnostics Managed Server is 3801.
■
Application Dependency and Performance RMI Registry
The default port for Application Dependency and Performance RMI Registry is
51099.
■
Application Dependency and Performance Java Provider
The default port for Application Dependency and Performance Java Provider is
5503.
■
Application Dependency and Performance Remote Service Controller
The default port for Application Dependency and Performance Remote Service
Controller is 55000.
■
Real User Experience Insight
The default HTTPS port for Real User Experience Insight is 443.
■
Oracle BI Publisher
The default HTTP port for Oracle BI Publisher is 9701. If 9701 is not available, then
the first available free port from the range 9701 to 9800 is selected.
The default HTTPS port for Oracle BI Publisher is 9801. If 9801 is not available,
then the first available free port from the range 9701 to 9900 is selected.
Although Oracle BI Publisher 11g (11.1.1.7) is installed by
default, it is not configured. To configure it post installation, follow
the instructions in Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced
Installation and Configuration Guide.
Note:
2.1.10.2 How Can You Check Whether a Port Is Free?
To check whether a port is free, run the following command:
■
On Unix:
netstat -an | grep <port no>
■
On Microsoft Windows:
netstat -an|findstr <port_no>
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2.1.10.3 How Can You Customize the Ports During and After Installing Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control?
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control offers you the flexibility to use custom ports
instead of default ports.
Customizing the Ports While Installing Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
WARNING: Do NOT set any port to a value lower than or equal to
1024. Ports up to 1024 are typically reserved for root users (super
users). Therefore, make sure the port you customize is always set to
a value greater than 1024.
■
■
If you are installing Enterprise Manager Cloud Control (advanced installation) in
graphical mode, that is, using the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation
Wizard, then you can use the Port Configuration Details screen to enter custom
ports. You can also import a staticports.ini file that already captures the
custom ports.t
If you are installing Enterprise Manager Cloud Control in silent mode, that is,
using the installation procedures described in Part II, then update the
staticports.ini file with suitable custom ports.
The staticports.ini file is available at the following location of the software kit
(DVD, downloaded software, and so on):
<software_kit>/response/staticports.ini
Customizing the HTTP/HTTPS Console and the Upload Ports After Installing
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
WARNING: Do NOT set any port to a value lower than or equal to
1024. Ports up to 1024 are typically reserved for root users (super
users). Therefore, make sure the port you customize is always set to
a value greater than 1024.
If you want to change the HTTP/HTTPS console ports and upload ports after
installing Enterprise Manager Cloud Control, then follow these steps:
1.
Stop the OMS:
$<OMS_HOME>/bin/emctl stop oms -all
2.
Update the emoms properties with HTTP and HTTPS ports as described in
Table 2–2. Specify the values for parameters <http_upload_new>, <https_upload_
new>, <http_console_new>, and <https_console_new>):
Table 2–2
Updating EMOMS Properties with HTTP and HTTPS Ports
Port/Property Type
Command to Run
HTTP Upload Port
<OMS_Home>/bin/emctl set property -name
oracle.sysman.emSDK.svlt.ConsoleServerPort -value
<http_upload_new>
HTTPS Upload Port
<OMS_Home>/bin/emctl set property -name
oracle.sysman.emSDK.svlt.ConsoleServerHTTPSPort -value
<https_upload_new>
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Table 2–2 (Cont.) Updating EMOMS Properties with HTTP and HTTPS Ports
Port/Property Type
Command to Run
HTTP Console Port
<OMS_Home>/bin/emctl set property -name
oracle.sysman.emSDK.svlt.EMConsoleServerPort -value
<http_console_new>
HTTPS Console Port
<OMS_Home>/bin/emctl set property -name
oracle.sysman.emSDK.svlt.EMConsoleServerHTTPSPort
-value <https_console_new>
3.
Back up the following file:
$<OMS_INSTANCE_HOME>/emgc.properties
After backing up the file, open the original emgc.properties file, and specify the
new port numbers for the following parameters:
EM_UPLOAD_HTTP_PORT=<http_upload_new>
EM_UPLOAD_HTTPS_PORT=<https_upload_new>
EM_CONSOLE_HTTP_PORT=<http_console_new>
EM_CONSOLE_HTTPS_PORT=<https_console_new>
4.
Back up the files httpd.conf, ssl.conf, and httpd_em.conf from the following
location:
$<WEBTIER_INSTANCE_HOME>/config/OHS/ohs#/
After backing up the files, open the original files, and specify the new port
numbers:
■
■
■
5.
In httpd.conf file, in the Listen directive section, replace <http_console_
orig> with <http_console_new>.
In ssl.conf file, in the Listen and Virtual Host directive sections, replace
<https_console_orig> with <https_console_new>.
In httpd_em.conf file, in the Listen and VirtualHost directive section, replace
<http_upload_orig> with <http_upload_new>, and <https_upload_orig>
with <https_upload_new>, respectively.
Start the OMS, and verify its status:
$<OMS_HOME>/bin/emctl start oms
$<OMS_HOME>/bin/emctl status oms -details
6.
If the OMS is configured with any Server Load Balance (SLB), then update the
ports in the SLB pools, monitors, and so on.
7.
If the OMS is configured for SSO or OAM, then re-run the SSO or OAM
configuration.
8.
Back up the following file:
$<AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME>/sysman/config/emd.properties
Back up the emd.properties file from all Management Agents
that are communicating with the OMS.
Note:
After backing up the file, open the original emd.properties file, and verify the
URL mentioned in REPOSITORY_URL. If the URL is an HTTPS URL, then change the
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Understanding the Basics of Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation
port number to <https_upload_new>. If the URL is an HTTP URL, then change the
port number to <http_upload_new>.
9.
If there are any EM CLI instances set up on the ports you have changed, then set
up those instances again. To do so, from each EM CLI instance, run the command
emcli setup or emcli status, and note the EM URL that appears.
If you have changed that port number, run the following command:
emcli setup -url=http(s)://<host>:<new_port#>/em -dir=<dir>....
10. After changing the console port, you must update the URL for the EM Console
Service with the new port number. However, you can skip this step if the URL is
that of an SLB and not of an OMS.
a.
From the Targets menu, select All Targets.
b.
In the Search Target Name text box, enter EM Console Service, and click the
search icon.
c.
In the search results table, click EM Console Service.
d.
On the EM Console Service page, from the EM Service menu, select
Administration, then select Service Tests and Beacons.
e.
On the Service Tests and Beacons page, in the Service Tests table, select EM
Console Service Test, and click Edit.
f.
On the Edit Service Test: EM Console Service Test page, in the Transaction
section, in the Steps table, select Access Login Page.
g.
On the Edit Step: Access Login page, in the Request section, in the URL text
box, change the port in the URL.
h.
Click Continue.
i.
Click OK.
j.
On the Security Configuration page, click Yes.
2.1.10.4 What Precautions You Must Take While Customizing the Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control Ports?
While updating the staticports.ini file, you must be extremely careful because an
error in the file can cause the installation wizard to use default ports without
displaying any warning. Therefore, before updating the staticports.ini file, check
for these points:
■
■
■
■
Do NOT set any port to a value lower than or equal to 1024. Ports up to 1024 are
typically reserved for root users (super users). Therefore, make sure the port you
customize is always set to a value greater than 1024.
If a port is already being used by a component or any other application, do not
enter that port (used port) in the staticports.ini file. If you do, then the related
configuration assistant also fails.
If you have entered the same port for more than one component, then the
installation displays an error after the prerequisite checks phase. You must rectify
this error before proceeding with the installation.
If you have syntax errors in the staticports.ini file (for example, if you omitted
the equal (=) character for a line), then the installation wizard ignores the line. For
the components specified on such lines, the installation wizard assigns the default
ports. The installation wizard does not display a warning for lines with syntax
errors.
Understanding the Basics 2-17
Understanding the Basics of Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation
■
■
■
■
If you misspell a component name, then the installation wizard assigns the default
port for the component. Names of components in the file are case-sensitive. The
installation wizard does not display a warning for lines with unrecognized names.
If you enter a nonnumeric value for the port number, then the installation wizard
ignores the line and assigns the default port number for the component. It does
this without displaying any warning.
If you misspell the parameter on the command line, then the installation wizard
does not display a warning. It continues and assigns default ports to all
components.
If you enter a relative path to the staticports.ini file (for example,
./staticports.ini) in the command line, then the installation wizard does not
find the file. It continues without displaying a warning and it assigns default ports
to all components. You must enter a full path to the staticports.ini file.
2.1.11 What Data Files Are Created While Configuring Oracle Management Repository?
The following are the data files created while configuring Oracle Management
Repository:
mgmt.dbf
Stores information about the monitored targets, their metrics,
and so on.
mgmt_ecm_depot1.dbf
Stores configuration information collected from the monitored
targets.
mgmt_deepdive.dbf
Stores monitoring data related to JVM Diagnostics and
Application Dependency Performance (ADP).
2.1.12 How Do You Delete the Data Files Created While Configuring Oracle
Management Repository?
To delete the data files, you must drop the SYSMAN/MDS schema. To do so, run the
following command from the OMS home.
$<OMS_HOME>/sysman/admin/emdrep/bin/RepManager <repository_database_host>
<repository_database_port> <repository_database_sid> -action drop -dbUser
<repository_database_user> -dbPassword <repository_database_password>
-dbRole <repository_database_user_role> -mwHome <middleware_home>
-mwOraHome <oms_home> -oracleHome <oms_home>
Note:
■
■
For Microsoft Windows, invoke RepManager.bat.
If you are dropping the schemas that belong to a 10g Release 2
(10.2.x.x) Management Repository, then run the command without
these arguments:
-mwHome <middleware_home> -mwOraHome <middleware_ora_
home> -oracleHome <OMS_HOME>
After dropping the schema, manually delete the database files mgmt.dbf and mgmt_
ecm_depot1.dbf.
You can find these files by running the following command as SYS:
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SELECT FILE_NAME FROM DBA_DATA_FILES WHERE UPPER (TABLESPACE_NAME) LIKE
'MGMT%';
Table 2–3 describes the -action options that are supported by the different versions of
RepManager.
Table 2–3
RepManager Support for -action dropall and -action drop Commands
RepManager Version
Command Supported
12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5), 12c
Release 4 (12.1.0.4)
-action drop
12c Release 1 (12.1.0.1) , 12c
Release 2 (12.1.0.2), and 12c
Release 3 (12.1.0.3)
The command drops SYSMAN, SYSMAN_MDS, SYSMAN_
APM, SYSMAN_OPSS, SYSMAN_RO, and SYSMAN_
BIPLATFORM.
■
-action dropall
■
-action drop
The commands drop SYSMAN, SYSMAN_MDS, SYSMAN_
APM, SYSMAN_OPSS, and SYSMAN_RO.
11g Release 1 (11.1.0.1)
■
-action dropall
The command drops only SYSMAN and SYSMAN_MDS.
■
-action drop
The command drops only SYSMAN.
10g Release 5(10.2.0.5)
-action drop
The command drops only SYSMAN.
2.1.13 Globalization Support for Enterprise Manager
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control is translated to the following languages:
■
Brazilian Portuguese
■
Chinese (Simplified and Traditional)
■
French
■
German
■
Italian
■
Japanese
■
Korean
■
Spanish
The preferred language set in your Web browser is the language that is used in the
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Console.
The language or the locale set on the operating system is the language used in the
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Wizard.
2.2 Understanding the Oracle WebLogic Server Requirement for an
Enterprise Manager Installation
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control requires Oracle WebLogic Server 11g Release 1
(10.3.6) and Java Development Kit 1.6.0.43.0.
If Oracle WebLogic Server 11g Release 1 (10.3.6) and Java Development Kit 1.6.0.43.0
are NOT already installed in your environment, then the installation wizard
Understanding the Basics 2-19
Understanding the Oracle WebLogic Server Requirement for an Enterprise Manager Installation
automatically installs them for you while installing a new Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control.
This section describes some important aspects related to Oracle WebLogic Server that
you must know before you install Enterprise Manager Cloud Control.
In particular, this section covers the following:
■
How Do I Verify Whether Oracle WebLogic Server Is Installed?
■
Is Oracle WebLogic Server Cluster Supported?
■
If Oracle WebLogic Server Already Exists, Is the Existing Domain Used?
■
When and Why Do You Need the Oracle WebLogic Server Credentials?
■
When and Why Do You Need the Node Manager Credentials?
■
How Do You Find Admin Server Port After Installing Enterprise Manager?
■
How Do You Verify Whether Admin Server Is Running?
■
How Do You Start the Admin Server?
2.2.1 How Do I Verify Whether Oracle WebLogic Server Is Installed?
To verify whether Oracle WebLogic Server is installed, check the following file in the
Oracle Middleware home:
$<MW_HOME>/logs/log.txt
The following is the sample output of the log.txt file:
release 10.3.6.0 [Added]
|_____Common Infrastructure Engineering 7.1.0.0 [Added]
|
|_____Uninstall [Added]
|
|_____Patch Client [Added]
|
|_____Patch Attachment Facility [Added]
|
|_____Clone Facility [Added]
|_____WebLogic Server 10.3.6.0 [Added]
|
|_____Core Application Server [Added]
|
|_____Administration Console [Added]
|
|_____Configuration Wizard and Upgrade Framework [Added]
|
|_____Web 2.0 HTTP Pub-Sub Server [Added]
|
|_____WebLogic SCA [Added]
|
|_____WebLogic JDBC Drivers [Added]
|
|_____Third Party JDBC Drivers [Added]
|
|_____WebLogic Server Clients [Added]
|
|_____WebLogic Web Server Plugins [Added]
|
|_____UDDI and Xquery Support [Added]
|
|_____Server Examples [Added]
|
|_____Evaluation Database [Added]
|
|_____Workshop Code Completion Support [Added]
|_____Oracle Configuration Manager 10.3.3.1 [Added]
|
|_____Data Collector [Added]
|_____Oracle Coherence 3.6.0.3 [Not Installed]
|_____Coherence Product Files [Not Installed]
|_____Coherence Examples [Not Installed]
2.2.2 Is Oracle WebLogic Server Cluster Supported?
Oracle WebLogic Server cluster consists of Oracle WebLogic Servers running
simultaneously and working together to provide increased scalability and reliability. A
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cluster appears to be a single Oracle WebLogic Server instance. The server instances
that constitute a cluster can run on the same host, or be located on different hosts.
You can install Enterprise Manager Cloud Control on an Oracle WebLogic Server
Cluster, however, you cannot take advantage of the cluster configurations.
2.2.3 If Oracle WebLogic Server Already Exists, Is the Existing Domain Used?
If Oracle WebLogic Server already exists, then the existing domain is NOT used.
Instead, the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Wizard creates a new
domain and deploys the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control software to it.
2.2.4 When and Why Do You Need the Oracle WebLogic Server Credentials?
While installing or upgrading to Enterprise Manager Cloud Control, you are
prompted to enter the Oracle WebLogic Server credentials (user name and password).
The credentials are used for creating the WebLogic domain and other associated
components such as the Admin Server, the managed server, and the node manager.
The WebLogic user name is the default user name that will be used as the
administrative user for the WebLogic Domain. By default, the user name is weblogic.
And the WebLogic password is the password for this default administrative user
account.
2.2.5 When and Why Do You Need the Node Manager Credentials?
While installing or upgrading to Enterprise Manager Cloud Control, you are
prompted to enter the Node Manager password for the default Node Manager user
account, which is nodemanager. The password is used for configuring the Node
Manager. A Node Manager enables you to start, shut down, or restart an Oracle
WebLogic Server instance remotely, and is recommended for applications with high
availability requirements.
On Microsoft Windows, a Node Manager service is NOT
created. This is an expected behavior.
Note:
2.2.6 How Do You Find Admin Server Port After Installing Enterprise Manager?
To find the Admin Server port, view the value set for the AS_HTTPS_PORT parameter in
the emgc.properties file. This file is available in the Oracle Management Service
Instance Base location.
For example,
/DATA/oracle/gc_inst/em/EMGC_OMS1/emgc.properties
2.2.7 How Do You Verify Whether Admin Server Is Running?
To install an additional OMS, the Admin Server that is used by the first OMS must be
up and running. To verify whether the Admin Server is running, access the Admin
Server console using the following URL:
https://host:port/console
Here, host and port are values specified in the EM_INSTANCE_HOST and AS_HTTPS_PORT
parameters, respectively, in the emgc.properties file. This properties file is available
in the Oracle Management Service Instance Base location of the first OMS.
Understanding the Basics 2-21
Understanding the Installation Directories
For example,
/DATA/oracle/gc_inst/em/EMGC_OMS1/emgc.properties
2.2.8 How Do You Start the Admin Server?
You can start the Admin Server by running the following command. Although the
command is used essentially to start the OMS, the command in turn starts the Admin
Server on which that OMS is running. So run this command even if you know that the
OMS is already running.
emctl start oms
2.3 Understanding the Installation Directories
This section describes the installation directories that need to be entered while
installing Enterprise Manager Cloud Control or any of its core components. In
particular, this section covers the following:
■
What Is an Oracle Inventory Directory?
■
What Is an Oracle Middleware Home?
■
What Is an Oracle Management Service Instance Base Location?
■
What Is an Oracle Home?
■
What Is an Agent Base Directory?
■
What is an Agent Instance Directory?
■
What Is a /TMP or C:\Temp Directory Used For?
2.3.1 What Is an Oracle Inventory Directory?
If Enterprise Manager Cloud Control is the first Oracle product that you are installing,
then the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Wizard prompts you to enter
an inventory directory (also called the oraInventory directory).
This inventory directory is used by the installation wizard to place all the installer files
and directories on the host. The installation wizard automatically sets up
subdirectories for each Oracle product to contain the inventory data.
You can enter the oraInventory directory in two ways:
■
■
While installing Enterprise Manager Cloud Control using the installation wizard,
you can enter the oraInventory directory in the Oracle Inventory screen. When you
enter it in this screen, you must also select the appropriate operating system group
name that will own the oraInventory directories. The group you select must have
write permission on the oraInventory directories.
While installing Enterprise Manager Cloud Control in silent mode, that is, without
using the installation wizard, you can enter the oraInventory directory using the
-invPtrLoc parameter. This parameter considers the path to a location where the
inventory pointer file (oraInst.loc) is available. However, this parameter is
supported only on UNIX platforms, and not on Microsoft Windows platforms.
For example
./runInstaller -invPtrLoc /scratch/OracleHomes/oraInst.loc
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Understanding the Installation Directories
Note:
■
■
For a typical non-HA environment, the Central Inventory
(oraInventory) can be in a shared or non-shared location. If you
use a shared location, then ensure that only one shared location is
maintained per host, and no two hosts update the same shared
location. One inventory file is meant only for one host, so it must
not be shared and edited by other hosts. When you use the
/etc/oraInst.loc file, ensure that the inventory location specified
there is not pointing to such a location. If you have configured a
shared location that is common for two or more hosts, then switch
over to a non-shared location.
For a typical HA environment with primary and standby disaster
recovery sites using storage replication and virtual host names,
the Central Inventory (oraInventory) for software installed on the
shared storage using the virtual host name should be located in a
shared location that is common between the OMS host in the
primary site and the OMS host in the standby site. This shared
location should be located on the replicated storage so that the
oraInventory can be accessed from the active site for software
maintenance activities.
If you already have an Oracle product installed on the host, then the installation
wizard uses the existing oraInventory directory that was created while installing that
Oracle product. Ensure that you have write permission on that directory. To do so, run
the installer as the same operating system user as the one who installed the other
Oracle product.
The oraInventory directory is different from Installation
Directory. For information about Installation Directory, see Section 2.3.2.
Note:
2.3.2 What Is an Oracle Middleware Home?
While installing or upgrading to Enterprise Manager Cloud Control, you are required
to enter the Oracle Middleware home.
Oracle Middleware home (Middleware home) is the parent directory that has the Oracle
WebLogic Server home, the Java Development Kit, the Web tier instance files, one or
more Oracle homes, the OMS instance base directory, and other relevant files. This is
where the OMS and the plug-ins are deployed.
For example,
/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware
If you are installing or upgrading to Enterprise Manager Cloud Control, then:
■
If Oracle WebLogic Server 11g Release 1 (10.3.6) and Java Development Kit
1.6.0.43.0 are already installed in your environment, then the installation wizard
automatically detects them and displays the absolute path to the Middleware
home where they are installed.
In this case, validate the Middleware home that is detected and displayed by
default. If the location is incorrect, then enter the path to the correct location.
Understanding the Basics 2-23
Understanding the Installation Directories
Ensure that the path you enter does not exceed 70 characters for Unix platforms
and 25 characters for Microsoft Windows platforms. Also ensure that the directory
you provide has write permission, and does not contain any files or subdirectories.
For example, the middleware home path C:\Oracle\MW\EM containing only 15
characters is acceptable. However,
C:\OracleSoftware\OracleMiddleware\OracleEnterpriseManager\OMS\newrelea
se\oms containing more than 25 characters is not acceptable for Microsoft
Windows platforms.
■
If Oracle WebLogic Server 11g Release 1 (10.3.6) and Java Development Kit
1.6.0.43.0 are NOT already installed in your environment, then the installation
wizard automatically installs them for you while installing Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control.
In this case, enter the absolute path to a new middleware home directory where
you want to have them installed.
Ensure that the path you enter does not exceed 70 characters for Unix platforms
and 25 characters for Microsoft Windows platforms. Also ensure that the directory
you enter has write permission, and does not contain any files or subdirectories.
Even in the case of two system upgrade, enter a new middleware home location,
and not the old middleware home directory that you used for the earlier release of
the Enterprise Manager system.
For example, the middleware home path C:\Oracle\MW\EM containing only 15
characters is acceptable. However,
C:\OracleSoftware\OracleMiddleware\OracleEnterpriseManager\OMS\newrelea
se\oms containing more than 25 characters is not acceptable for Microsoft
Windows platforms.
Oracle Middleware home is different from Oracle Home of OMS
or Management Agent. For information about Oracle Home, see
Section 2.3.4, "What Is an Oracle Home?".
Note:
2.3.3 What Is an Oracle Management Service Instance Base Location?
While installing Enterprise Manager Cloud Control, you are required to enter the
Oracle Management Service Instance Base Location.
Oracle Management Service Instance Base Location is a directory (gc_inst) outside the
Middleware home where the configuration files of the OMS are stored.
The installation wizard uses its built-in algorithm to identify this location, and
displays it for you to validate. If the Middleware home is
/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/, then by default, the following is the Oracle
Management Service Instance Base Location:
/u01/app/Oracle/gc_inst
You can either accept the default location or specify another location that has write
permission.
Note: For information about Oracle Middleware home, see
Section 2.3.2.
2-24 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Understanding the Installation Directories
2.3.4 What Is an Oracle Home?
Oracle Home or Oracle home is the directory where the OMS, the Management Agent,
and the plug-ins are installed. Table 2–4 lists the default Oracle homes are created.
Table 2–4
Oracle Homes of OMS, Management Plug-Ins
Component
Default Oracle Home
Sample Location
Oracle Management
Service
$<MIDDLEWARE_HOME>/oms
/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/
oms
Oracle Management
Agent
$<AGENT_BASE_
DIR>/core/12.1.0.5.0
/u01/app/Oracle/agent/core/
12.1.0.5.0
Plug-In (OMS-specific
plug-ins)
$<MIDDLEWARE_
HOME>/plugins/<pluginID_
Version>
/u01/app/Oracle/software/pl
ugins/oracle.sysman.db.agen
t.plugin_12.1.0.5.0
Plug-In (agent-specific
plug-ins)
$<AGENT_BASE_DIR>/plugins
/u01/app/Oracle/agent/plugi
ns
Oracle Home is different from OraInventory. For information
about OraInventory directory, see Section 2.3.1.
Note:
2.3.5 What Is an Agent Base Directory?
While installing Enterprise Manager Cloud Control and a standalone Management
Agent using the Add Host Targets Wizard, you are required to enter an installation
base directory, which is essentially the agent base directory.
Agent Base Directory is a directory outside the Oracle Middleware Home, where the
Management Agent home is created.
For example, if the agent base directory is /u01/app/Oracle/agent, then the
Management Agent home is created as /u01/app/Oracle/agent/core/12.1.0.5.0.
2.3.6 What is an Agent Instance Directory?
Agent Instance Directory is a directory (agent_inst) created for storing all Management
Agent-related configuration files.
Agent Instance Directory is created inside the agent base directory.
For example, if the agent base directory is /u01/app/Oracle/agent, then by default,
the following is the agent instance directory:
/u01/app/Oracle/agent/agent_inst
2.3.7 What Is a /TMP or C:\Temp Directory Used For?
When you invoke the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Wizard, it
automatically copies some executable files and link files to a temporary directory on
the host.
For example, the default /tmp directory on UNIX hosts, and C:\Temp on Microsoft
Windows hosts.
If the host is set to run cron jobs along with many other processes that may be running
periodically, then these jobs attempt to clean up the default temporary directory,
thereby deleting some files and causing the installation wizard to fail.
Understanding the Basics 2-25
Understanding the Configuration Assistants
If there are any cron jobs or processes that are automatically run on the hosts to clean
up the temporary directories, then ensure that you set the TMP or TEMP environment
variable to a location that is different from the default location. Ensure that the
non-default location you set is secure on the hard drive, that is, the non-default
location is a location where cleanup jobs are not run. Also ensure that you have write
permissions on this alternative directory.
This must be done before you run the installer to invoke the Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control Installation Wizard. (For UNIX operating systems, you invoke
runInstaller, and for Microsoft Windows, you invoke setup.exe).
Specifying an alternative temporary directory location is not
mandatory, and is required only if any cron jobs are set on the
computers to clean up the /tmp directory.
Note:
2.4 Understanding the Configuration Assistants
This section describes the postinstallation activities that are performed by the
installation wizard. In particular, this section covers the following:
■
What Are Configuration Assistants?
■
What Configuration Assistants Are Run by the Installation Wizard?
■
What Do You Do When Configuration Assistants Fail?
2.4.1 What Are Configuration Assistants?
While installing or upgrading to Enterprise Manager Cloud Control in either GUI
mode (using the installation wizard) or silent mode (using a response file), a set of
configuration assistants are run at the end of the installation process to configure the
installed or upgraded components. Your installation or upgrade process is complete
only after all the components are configured using these configuration assistants.
Even when you perform a software-only installation of
Enterprise Manager, when you run the ConfigureGC.sh script to
configure the installation, the configuration assistants are internally
run. (On Microsoft Windows, run the ConfigureGC.bat script.)
Note:
2.4.2 What Configuration Assistants Are Run by the Installation Wizard?
This section lists the configuration assistants run by the installation wizard for the
different installation types.
■
Configuration Assistants Run While Installing a New Enterprise Manager
■
Configuration Assistants Run While Upgrading an Existing Enterprise Manager
■
Configuration Assistants Run While Upgrading an Additional Oracle
Management Service
2.4.2.1 Configuration Assistants Run While Installing a New Enterprise Manager
The following are the configuration assistants that are run while installing a new
Enterprise Manager, that is, when you select Create a new Enterprise Manager System in
the installation wizard.
■
Plugins Prerequisites Check
2-26 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Understanding the Configuration Assistants
■
Repository Configuration
If you use a database instance that was created with a
preconfigured Management Repository using the database templates
offered by Oracle, then Repository Out-of-Box Configuration is run
instead of Repository Configuration.
Note:
■
MDS Schema Configuration
If you use a database instance that was created with a
preconfigured Management Repository using the database templates
offered by Oracle, then MDA Schema Configuration is not run.
Note:
■
OMS Configuration
■
Plugins Deployment and Configuration
■
Start Oracle Management Service
■
Oracle Configuration Manager Repeater Configuration
■
Agent Configuration Assistant
2.4.2.2 Configuration Assistants Run While Upgrading an Existing Enterprise
Manager
The following are the configuration assistants that are run while upgrading an existing
Enterprise Manager, that is, when you select Upgrade an existing Enterprise Manager
System in the installation wizard.
1-System Upgrade Approach
Plugins Prerequisite Check
■
■
Repository Upgrade
■
MDS Schema Configuration
■
OMS Configuration
■
Plugins Deployment and Configuration
■
Start Oracle Management Service
■
Oracle Configuration Manager Repeater Configuration
■
Plugins Inventory Migration (does not run if you are upgrading from 12c Release X
(12.1.0.X) to 12c Release X (12.1.0.X)).
In addition, while upgrading 12c Release 4 (12.1.0.4), 12c Release 3 (12.1.0.3), or 12c
Release 2 (12.1.0.2), the following are run:
■
■
Stopping APM Engines
Stop Admin Server (does not run if you are upgrading from 10g Release 5 (10.2.0.5) to
12c Release X (12.1.0.X))
Understanding the Basics 2-27
Understanding the Configuration Assistants
Agent Configuration Assistant is not run because the
Management Agent is not upgraded as it is either predeployed by the
Preupgrade Console (for 10.2.0.5 or 11.1 Management Agents) or
upgraded using the Agent Upgrade Console (for 12.1.0.4, 12.1.0.3, and
12.1.0.2 Management Agents).
Note:
2-System Upgrade Approach
■
Plugins Prerequisite Check
■
Repository Upgrade
■
MDS Schema Configuration
■
OMS Configuration
■
Plugins Deployment and Configuration
■
Start Oracle Management Service
■
Oracle Configuration Manager Repeater Configuration
■
Agent Configuration Assistant
1-System Upgrade Approach on a Different Host
Plugins Prerequisite Check
■
■
Repository Upgrade
■
MDS Schema Configuration
■
OMS Configuration
■
Plugins Deployment and Configuration
■
Plugins Inventory Migration
■
Start Oracle Management Service
■
Oracle Configuration Manager Repeater Configuration
■
Agent Configuration Assistant
2.4.2.3 Configuration Assistants Run While Upgrading an Additional Oracle
Management Service
Additional OMS instances are upgraded only using the 1-system upgrade approach.
The following are the configuration assistants that are run while upgrading an
additional OMS, that is, when you select Upgrade an existing Enterprise Manager System,
then select an additional OMS in the installation wizard.
■
Plugins Prerequisite Check
■
OMS Configuration
■
Plugins Deployment and Configuration
■
Start Oracle Management Service
■
Oracle Configuration Manager Repeater Configuration
In addition, while upgrading 12c Release 4 (12.1.0.4), 12c Release 3 (12.1.0.3), or 12c
Release 2 (12.1.0.2), the following are run:
■
Stopping APM Engines
2-28 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Understanding the Prerequisite Checks before Installing Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
■
Stop Admin Server (does not run if you are upgrading from 10g Release 5 (10.2.0.5) to
12c Release X (12.1.0.X))
The Agent Configuration Assistant is not run because the
Management Agent is not upgraded as it is either predeployed by the
Preupgrade Console (for 10.2.0.5 or 11.1 Management Agents) or
upgraded using the Agent Upgrade Console (for 12.1.0.4, 12.1.0.3, and
12.1.0.2 Management Agents).
Note:
2.4.3 What Do You Do When Configuration Assistants Fail?
If an optional configuration assistant fails, then the installation wizard ignores the
failure and runs to the next configuration assistant automatically. However, if a
mandatory configuration assistant fails, then the installation wizard stops the
installation process. In this case, you are expected to resolve the issue and rerun the
configuration assistant.
For information about the log files to review when a configuration assistant fails, and
the actions to be taken to resolve the issue, see Appendix J.
2.5 Understanding the Prerequisite Checks before Installing Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control
Every time you install Enterprise Manager Cloud Control using the installation
wizard, a set of prerequisite checks are run to verify if the environment meets the
minimum requirements for a successful installation. The installation wizard checks for
a variety of things including required operating system patches, operating system
packages, kernel parameters, and so on.
The following sections describe these prerequisite checks. In particular, this section
covers the following:
■
What Prerequisite Checks Are Run by Default?
■
How Do You Run the Prerequisite Checks in a Standalone Mode?
2.5.1 What Prerequisite Checks Are Run by Default?
The following are the default prerequisite checks that are run for different installation
types—Creating a New Enterprise Manager System and Upgrading an Existing Enterprise
Manager System:
■
■
■
■
■
■
Prerequisite check for verifying whether the installation is being done on a
certified operating system.
Prerequisite check for verifying whether all the certified packages and libraries
have been installed.
Prerequisite check for verifying whether the glibc package has been installed. (Not
applicable for Management Agent installation)
Prerequisite check for verifying whether there is sufficient disk space in the temp
directory. (Not applicable for Management Agent installation)
Prerequisite check for verifying whether there is sufficient disk space in the
inventory directory.
Prerequisite check for verifying whether there is write permission in the inventory
directory. (Not applicable for OMS installation)
Understanding the Basics 2-29
Understanding the Prerequisite Checks before Installing Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
Prerequisite check for verifying whether the software is compatible with the
current operating system.
Prerequisite check for verifying whether there is sufficient physical memory.
Prerequisite check for verifying the required ulimit value. (Not applicable for
Management Agent installation)
Prerequisite check for verifying the host name.
Prerequisite check for verifying whether the LD_ASSUME_KERNEL environment
variable is set. (Not applicable for Management Agent installation)
Prerequisite check for verifying whether proper timezone is set.
Prerequisite check for verifying whether there is 4 GB of swap space. (Not
applicable for Management Agent installation)
Prerequisite check for verifying whether the http_proxy environment variable is
set. Ideally, it must not be set.
2.5.2 How Do You Run the Prerequisite Checks in a Standalone Mode?
You can run the prerequisite checks in standalone mode before invoking the
installation wizard. This helps you identify and resolve issues that might otherwise
cause the installation to fail.
WARNING: When you run the prerequisite checks in standalone
mode on a host where there are no Oracle products installed, the
prerequisite check that checks for the central inventory hard disk
space fails. This failure is expected because there are no Oracle
products installed on the host. You can safely ignore this failure,
and proceed with the actual installation.
Table 2–5 shows the commands you need to run to run the prerequisite checks in
standalone mode:
Table 2–5
Running Prerequisite Checks in Standalone Mode
Installation Type
■
■
■
Create a New Enterprise Manager
System
Upgrade an Existing Enterprise
Manager System
Install Software Only
Command
<Software_Location>/install/runInstaller
-prereqchecker PREREQ_CONFIG_
LOCATION=<Software_Location>/stage/prereq
-entryPoint "oracle.sysman.top.oms_Core"
-prereqLogLoc <absolute_path_to_log_location>
-silent -waitForCompletion
On Microsoft Windows, replace /runInstaller with
setup.exe. Also, <Software_Location> mentioned in the commands
in Table 2–5 refer to the location where the Enterprise Manager
software is available. For example, DVD. If you have downloaded the
software from Oracle Technology Network (OTN), then enter the
absolute path to that downloaded location.
Note:
2-30 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Understanding the Startup Scripts
2.6 Understanding the Limitations of Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
This section describes the limitations you might face while using Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control. In particular, this section covers the following:
■
Can You Access Unlicensed Components?
■
What Are the Limitations with DHCP-Enabled Machines?
2.6.1 Can You Access Unlicensed Components?
Although the installation media in your media pack contain many Oracle components,
you are permitted to use only those components for which you have purchased
licenses. Oracle Support Service does not provide support for components for which
licenses have not been purchased.
For more information, access the Enterprise Manager documentation library at the
following URL and view the Oracle Enterprise Manager Licensing Information Guide:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/indexes/documentation/index.html
2.6.2 What Are the Limitations with DHCP-Enabled Machines?
Do NOT run the OMS on a computer that is DHCP enabled. Oracle strongly suggests
that you use a static host name or IP address assigned on the network for Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control components to function properly.
For more information, refer to My Oracle Support Note 428665.1 at:
https://support.oracle.com/
2.7 Understanding the Startup Scripts
By default, Enterprise Manager Cloud Control offers a startup script called gcstartup
with every installation of OMS and Management Agent. The startup script ensures
that the OMS and the Management Agent are started automatically every time their
hosts are rebooted, thereby relieving you of the manual effort.
2.7.1 Where is the Startup Script Stored?
The startup script is present in the following location of the OMS host and the
Management Agent host:
/etc/init.d/gcstartup
2.7.2 What does the Startup Script Invoke?
On the OMS host, the startup script invokes the following file to start up the OMS
when its host is rebooted:
$<OMS_HOME>/install/unix/scripts/omsstup
Similarly, on the Management Agent host, the startup script invokes the following file
to start up the Management Agent when its host is rebooted:
$<AGENT_HOME>/install/unix/scripts/agentstup
Understanding the Basics 2-31
Understanding the Startup Scripts
2.7.3 How Do I Stop the Startup Script from Starting the OMS or the Management
Agent?
If you do not want the startup script to start the OMS and the Management Agent
when their hosts are rebooted, then remove the omsstup file and the agentstup file
from the respective hosts.
Alternatively, you can rename the file /etc/oragchomelist to /etc/oragchomelist_
bak.
2.7.4 Can the Startup Script Start an OMS or a Management Agent on a Remote Host?
The startup script is specific to the host on which an OMS or a Management Agent is
installed. Therefore, the startup script cannot start an OMS or a Management Agent on
a remote host.
2.7.5 How Do I Change the Management Agent Service Priority Level that the Startup
Script Follows While Starting Up or Shutting Down the Management Agent?
You can change the Management Agent service priority level either while installing
the Management Agent, or after installing the Management Agent.
To change the Management Agent service priority level while installing Management
Agents using the Add Host Targets Wizard, use the START_PRIORITY_LEVEL and SHUT_
PRIORITY_LEVEL additional parameters that are described in Oracle Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide. To change the Management Agent service priority
level while installing a Management Agent using the agentDeploy script, use the
START_PRIORITY_LEVEL and SHUT_PRIORITY_LEVEL response file parameters that are
described in Table 6–3.
To change the Management Agent service priority level after installing the
Management Agent, follow these steps:
1.
Navigate to the /etc/rc.d directory. If the rc.d directory is not present within
/etc, navigate to /sbin/rc.d.
2.
Delete all the gcstartup files present in the /etc/rc.d or /sbin/rc.d directory. To
search for these files, run the following command:
find . -name "*gcstartup"
3.
Edit the START_PRIORITY_LEVEL and SHUT_PRIORITY_LEVEL parameters in the
$<ORACLE_HOME>/install/unix/scripts/gcroot.sh file.
For more information about these parameters, see Table 6–3.
4.
Run the root.sh script from the Management Agent home:
$<ORACLE_HOME>/root.sh
For example, the output of the find . -name "*gcstartup" command that you run
after navigating to /etc/rc.d may be the following:
./rc5.d/K19gcstartup
./rc5.d/S98gcstartup
./rc5.d/S98lockgcstartup
./rc5.d/K19unlockgcstartup
./rc3.d/K19gcstartup
./rc3.d/S98gcstartup
./rc3.d/S98lockgcstartup
./rc3.d/K19unlockgcstartup
./rc2.d/K19gcstartup
2-32 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Understanding Other Miscellaneous Concepts
./rc2.d/S98gcstartup
./rc2.d/S98lockgcstartup
./rc2.d/K19unlockgcstartup
./init.d/unlockgcstartup
./init.d/gcstartup
./init.d/lockgcstartup
If this is the output, delete all the gcstartup files present in the ./rc5.d, ./rc3.d,
./rc2.d and ./init.d directories, edit the START_PRIORITY_LEVEL and SHUT_
PRIORITY_LEVEL parameters in the
/tmp/agent/core/12.1.0.5.0/install/unix/scripts/gcroot.sh file (if ORACLE_HOME
is /tmp/agent/core/12.1.0.5.0/), then run root.sh.
2.8 Understanding Other Miscellaneous Concepts
This section covers miscellaneous concepts related to the installation of Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control. In particular, this section covers the following:
■
What Is a Host List File?
■
What Scripts Are Run During the Installation Process?
2.8.1 What Is a Host List File?
While using the Add Host Targets Wizard, you can enter the hosts on which you want
to install Oracle Management Agent, in two ways — you can either enter the host
name or the IP address, or select an external file that contains a list of hosts mentioned.
If you choose to select an external file, then ensure that the file contains only the host
name or the host name followed by the platform name.
The following is an example of the external file with only the host names.
host1.example.com
host2.example.com
The following is an example of the external file with the host names and the platform
names.
host1.example.com linux
host2.example.com aix
2.8.2 What Scripts Are Run During the Installation Process?
At least once during or after the installation of Enterprise Manager Cloud Control or
Management Agent, you are prompted to log in as a root user and run
oraInstRoot.sh, allroot.sh, or root.sh. You must log in as a root user because the
scripts edit files in the /etc directory and create files in the local bin directory
(/usr/local/bin, by default).
After every installation, a check is performed to identify the Central Inventory
(oraInventory) directory. The Central Inventory directory is a directory that is
automatically created by the installation wizard when an Oracle product is installed
on a host for the very first time.
Understanding the Basics 2-33
Understanding Other Miscellaneous Concepts
Note:
■
■
■
For a typical non-HA environment, the Central Inventory
(oraInventory) can be in a shared or non-shared location. If you
use a shared location, then ensure that only one shared location is
maintained per host, and no two hosts update the same shared
location. One inventory file is meant only for one host, so it must
not be shared and edited by other hosts. When you use the
/etc/oraInst.loc file, ensure that the inventory location specified
there is not pointing to such a location. If you have configured a
shared location that is common for two or more hosts, then switch
over to a non-shared location.
For a typical HA environment with primary and standby disaster
recovery sites using storage replication and virtual host names,
the Central Inventory (oraInventory) for software installed on the
shared storage using the virtual host name should be located in a
shared location that is common between the OMS host in the
primary site and the OMS host in the standby site. This shared
location should be located on the replicated storage so that the
oraInventory can be accessed from the active site for software
maintenance activities.
If you have NOT installed an Oracle product before on the host, then run the
oraInstRoot.sh script from the Central Inventory:
$Home/oraInventory/oraInstRoot.sh
The oraInstRoot.sh script is run to create the oraInst.loc file. The oraInst.loc
file contains the Central Inventory location.
■
However, if you already have an Oracle product on the host, then run allroot.sh
script from the OMS home:
<OMS_HOME>/allroot.sh
2-34 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Part II
Part II
Installing Enterprise Manager System
This part describes the different ways of installing Enterprise Manager Cloud Control.
In particular, this part contains the following chapters:
■
Chapter 3, "Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode"
■
Chapter 4, "Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method"
3
Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode
3
This chapter describes how you can install Enterprise Manager Cloud Control while
utilizing an existing, certified Oracle Database, in silent mode. In particular, this
section covers the following:
■
Introduction to Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode
■
Before You Begin Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode
■
Prerequisites for Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode
■
Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode
■
Performing Postinstallation Tasks After Installing an Enterprise Manager System
in Silent Mode
All general purpose file systems, including OCFS2 and ACFS,
are acceptable for storing Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c
software binaries and OMS instance home files (configuration files in
gc_inst). However, OCFS is not considered a general purpose file
system, and therefore is not considered acceptable for this use.
Note:
WARNING: Do not install Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c
on servers of SPARC series: T1000, T2000, T5xx0, and T3-*. For more
information, see My Oracle Support note 1590556.1.
3.1 Introduction to Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode
If you are familiar with the way Enterprise Manager is installed, and if you want to
install it without facing any interview screens of the installation wizard, then the best
option is to install it in silent mode.
In silent mode, you use a response file that captures all the information you need to
successfully complete an installation. This saves time and effort in one way because
the installation details are captured just once, and in a single file that can be circulated
and reused for installation on other hosts.
However, whether you install Enterprise Manager in graphical mode or silent mode,
the installation process, the installed components, and the configuration process
remain the same. Therefore, silent mode of installing Enterprise Manager is only an
option offered to you.
To understand what components are installed, what configuration assistants are run,
and how the directory structure will look after installation, see the chapter on
Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode 3-1
Before You Begin Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode
installing Enterprise Manager system in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Basic Installation Guide.
3.2 Before You Begin Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode
Before you begin, keep these points in mind:
■
You must ensure that you have the latest Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
software.
To download the latest software, access the following URL:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/oem/enterprise-manager/downloads/inde
x.html
For information about downloading the latest software, refer to Section 1.2.2.
■
■
■
■
Table 3–1
Ensure that there are no white spaces in the name of the directory where you
download and run the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control software from. For
example, do not download and run the software from a directory titled EM
Software because there is a white space between the two words of the directory
name.
You can install Enterprise Manager Cloud Control only on a single host—locally
on the server where you invoke the installation wizard with a response file. You
cannot install on remote hosts.
To invoke the installation wizard on UNIX platforms, run runInstaller. To
invoke on Microsoft Windows platforms, run setup.exe.
Oracle Management Service 12c can communicate only with the following
versions of Oracle Management Agent 12c:
Compatibility Between OMS and Management Agents Across 12c Releases
Oracle
Management Agent
12c Release 1
(12.1.0.1) + Bundle
Patch 1
Oracle
Management
Agent 12c Release
2 (12.1.0.2)
Oracle
Management Agent
12c Release 3
(12.1.0.3)
Oracle
Management Agent
12c Release 4
(12.1.0.4)
Oracle
Management
Agent 12c Release
5 (12.1.0.5)
No
No
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
(Refers to agents and
their plug-ins patched
or upgraded to, or
installed with Bundle
Patch 1)
Oracle
Management
Service 12c
Release 1
(12.1.0.1) +
Bundle Patch 1
Yes
Oracle
Management
Service 12c
Release 2
(12.1.0.2)
Yes
(includes
Management Agents
with and without
Bundle Patch 1)
(includes
Management Agents
with and without
Bundle Patch 1)
3-2 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Before You Begin Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode
Table 3–1 (Cont.) Compatibility Between OMS and Management Agents Across 12c Releases
Oracle
Management
Service 12c
Release 3
(12.1.0.3)
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
Oracle
Management
Service 12c
Release 4
(12.1.0.4)
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Oracle
Management
Service 12c
Release 5
(12.1.0.5)
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
(Only Management
Agents released in
January 2012 [with
Bundle Patch 1])
■
■
■
You must not set the ORACLE_HOME and ORACLE_SID environment variables. You
must ensure that the Oracle directories do NOT appear in the PATH.
The Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Wizard installs Java
Development Kit (JDK) 1.6.0.43.0 and Oracle WebLogic Server 11g Release 1
(10.3.6), but only if you do not specify the use of existing installations. Oracle
strongly recommends using the 12c installation process to install the JDK and
Oracle WebLogic Server for use with Enterprise Manager 12c.
If Oracle WebLogic Server 11g Release 1 (10.3.6) does not exist and if you choose to
manually install it, then ensure that you install it using JDK 1.6.0.43.0 (64-bit
version for 64-bit platforms and 32-bit version for 32-bit platforms).
–
Download JDK 1.6.0.43.0 for your platform from the platform vendor’s Web
site.
For example, download SUN JDK 1.6.0.43.0 for Linux platforms from the
following Oracle Web site URL:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/index.html
–
If you already have JDK, then verify its version by navigating to the <JDK_
Location>/bin directory and running the following command:
"./java -fullversion"
To verify whether it is a 32-bit or a 64-bit JDK, run the following command:
"file *"
–
JROCKIT is not supported.
–
If you want to manually install Oracle WebLogic Server 11g Release 1 (10.3.6)
on Linux 64-bit platforms, first install the 64-bit JDK for your platform, and
then download and use the wls1036_generic.jar file to install Oracle
WebLogic Server.
For example,
<JDK home>/bin/java -d64 -jar <absolute_path _to_wls1036_
generic.jar>
–
If you want to manually install Oracle WebLogic Server 11g Release 1 (10.3.6)
on Linux 32-bit platforms, then download and use either the wls1036_
linux32.bin file or the wls1036_generic.jar file.
For example,
Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode 3-3
Before You Begin Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode
<JDK home>/bin/java
–
-jar <absolute_path _to_wls1036_generic.jar>
You must follow the instructions outlined in the Oracle® Fusion Middleware
Installation Guide for Oracle WebLogic Server to install Oracle WebLogic Server.
The guide is available in the Fusion Middleware documentation library
available at:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/middleware/weblogic/documentation
/index.html
–
You must ensure that the Oracle WebLogic Server installation is a typical
installation, and even if you choose to perform a custom installation, ensure
that components chosen for custom installation are the same as the ones
associated with a typical installation.
–
You must ensure that the user installing the WebLogic Server is the same as
the one installing Enterprise Manager Cloud Control.
–
After installing Oracle WebLogic Server, make sure you apply the patches
14482558, 13349651, 16080294, and 16888501 on it. Without these patches, the
additional OMS installation will fail.
For instructions to apply these patches, see the following URL:
http://docs.oracle.com/cd/E14759_
01/doc.32/e14143/intro.htm#CHDCAJFC
■
You must ensure that the Oracle WebLogic Server 11g Release 1 (10.3.6) installed
by the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Wizard or by you is
dedicated for Enterprise Manager Cloud Control. You must not have any other
Oracle Fusion Middleware product installed in that Middleware home.
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control cannot coexist with any Oracle Fusion
Middleware product in the same Middleware home because the ORACLE_COMMON
property is used by both the products.
■
■
Do not install on a symlink. Installing in such a location may impact life cycle
operations such as patching and scaling out.
You can optionally use the database templates offered by Oracle to create a
database instance with a preconfigured Management Repository. To do so, refer to
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide. You can use such a
database instance for simple as well as advanced installation.
However, note that the database templates are essentially designed for simple
installation, although they can be used for advanced installation. Therefore, while
performing an advanced installation (possibly with small, medium, or large
deployment size selection), when you provide the details of such a database, you
will be prompted that the database parameters need to be modified to suit the
deployment size you selected. You can confirm the message to proceed further.
The installation wizard will automatically set the database parameters to the
required values.
■
■
If you are installing on an NFS-mounted drive and creating the OMS instance base
directory (gc_inst) on that NFS-mounted drive, then after you install, move the
lock files from the NFS-mounted drive to a local file system location. Modify the
lock file location in the httpd.conf file to map to a location on a local file system.
For instructions, refer to Section 3.5.
Enterprise Manager is not affected when you enable or disable features such as
XML DB on the Oracle Database in which you plan to configure the Management
3-4 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Before You Begin Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode
Repository. Therefore, you can enable or disable any feature in the database
because Enterprise Manager does not rely on them
■
■
■
If you want to optionally follow the configuration guidelines for deploying the
Management Repository so that your management data is secure, reliable, and
always available, refer to the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Administrator’s Guide.
By default, the software updates cannot be applied during installation because the
INSTALL_UPDATES_SELECTION variable in the response file is set to "skip".
However, if you want to apply them during installation, then you can modify this
variable as described in Table 3–3.
Oracle offers bug fixes for a product based on the Oracle Lifetime Support Policy.
When the license period expires for a particular product, the support for bug fixes
offered by Oracle also ends. For more information, see the Oracle Lifetime Support
Policy available at:
http://www.oracle.com/support/library/brochure/lifetime-support-technol
ogy.pdf
When determining supportability and certification combinations for an Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control installation, you must consider Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control's framework components as well as the targets monitored by Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control. Oracle recommends keeping your Cloud Control
components and targets updated to the latest certified versions in order to receive
code fixes without having to purchase an Extended Support license.
■
You can find the OMS and Management Agent entries in the /etc/oragchomelist
file for all UNIX platforms except HPUNIX, HPia64, Solaris Sparc.
On HPUNIX, HPia64, Solaris Sparc platforms, the entries are present in
/var/opt/oracle/oragchomelist.
■
■
As a prerequisite, you must have an existing Oracle Database to configure the
Management Repository. This database can also have the Automatic Memory
Management (AMM) feature enabled.
If you are installing in, or will be converting in the future to, a high-availability or
a disaster-recovery configuration, then review and become familiar with the
contents in Chapter 16, Chapter 17, Chapter 18 before continuing with this
installation.
Once you have reviewed the information in the aforementioned chapters, follow
the best practices referenced in Chapter 17, specifically the information in
Section 17.3.1 in order to best prepare your installation for high availability or
disaster recovery.
■
■
■
The locale-specific data is stored in the <OMS_Oracle_Home>/nls/data directory.
Oracle strongly recommends that you either set the environment variable ORA_
NLS10 to <OMS_Oracle_Home>/nls/data or do not set at all.
If you install the OMS and the Oracle Database, which houses the Management
Repository, on the same host, then when you reboot the host, the OMS and the
Management Agent installed with it will not automatically start up. You will have
to manually start them.
Enforcing option is supported for Security-Enhanced Linux (SELinux).
Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode 3-5
Prerequisites for Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode
3.3 Prerequisites for Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode
Meet the prerequisites described in the chapter on installing Enterprise Manager
system that is available in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation
Guide.
3.4 Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode
This section covers the following:
■
■
■
■
Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode
Advanced Installer Options Supported for Installing an Enterprise Manager
System in Silent Mode
Limitations with the Advanced Options Supported for Installing an Enterprise
Manager System in Silent Mode
Editing the new_install.rsp Response File for Installing an Enterprise Manager in
Silent Mode
3.4.1 Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode
To install a complete Enterprise Manager system in silent mode, follow these steps:
Oracle recommends you to run the EM Prerequisite Kit before
invoking the installer to ensure that you meet all the repository
requirements beforehand. Even if you do not run it manually, the
installer anyway runs it in the background while installing the
product. However, running it manually beforehand sets up your
Management Repository even before you can start the installation or
upgrade process. For information on the kit, to understand how to run
it, and to know about the prerequisite checks it runs, see Oracle
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.
Note:
However, if you plan to use a database instance that was created
with a preconfigured Management Repository using the database
templates offered by Oracle, then make sure you pass the following
parameter while invoking the EM Prerequisite Kit.
-componentVariables repository:EXECUTE_CHECKS_NOSEED_DB_
FOUND:false
1.
Copy the following response file to an accessible location on your local host:
<Software_Location>/response/new_install.rsp
In this command, <Software_Location> is either the DVD location or the location
where you have downloaded the software kit.
2.
Edit the response file and enter appropriate values for the variables described in
Table 3–3.
3.
Invoke the installer. (On Unix, make sure you invoke the installer as a user who
belongs to the oinstall group you created. For information about creating
operating system groups and users, see the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Basic Installation Guide.)
3-6 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode
■
If this is the first Oracle product you are installing on the host, then run the
following command:
./runInstaller -silent -responseFile <absolute_path>/new_
install.rsp [-invPtrLoc <absolute_path_to_oraInst.loc>]
■
Otherwise, run the following command:
./runInstaller -silent -responseFile <absolute_path>/new_
install.rsp
Note:
■
■
■
To invoke the installation wizard on UNIX platforms, run
runInstaller. To invoke on Microsoft Windows platforms, run
setup.exe.
Ensure that there are no white spaces in the name of the directory
where you download and run the Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control software from. For example, do not download and run the
software from a directory titled EM Software because there is a
white space between the two words of the directory name.
When you invoke runInstaller or setup.exe, if the Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control Installation Wizard does not appear, then
it is possible that you do not have read and write access to /stage,
which a subdirectory in the Disk1 directory of the Enterprise
Manager software.
There is a classpath variable that the installation wizard computes
for OPatch as ../stage/Components/, and when the TEMP
variable is set to /tmp, the installation wizard tries to look for the
opatch JAR file in the /tmp/../stage directory, which is
equivalent to /stage. However, if you do not have read and write
permission on /stage, then the installation wizard can hang.
Under such circumstances, verify if you have read and write
access to the /stage directory. If you do not have, then set the
TEMP variable to a location where the install user has access to,
and then relaunch the installation wizard.
■
■
If you connect to a database instance that was created using the
database template offered by Oracle, then you will be prompted
that the database parameters need to be modified to suit the
deployment size you selected. This is because the templates are
essentially designed for simple installation, and the database
parameters are set as required for simple installation. Since it is
used for advanced installation, the parameters must be set to
different values. You can confirm the message to proceed further.
The installation wizard will automatically set the parameters to
the required values.
For information about the additional, advanced options you can
pass while invoking the installer, refer to Section 3.4.2.
Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode 3-7
Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode
Note:
■
■
■
If a prerequisite check fails reporting a missing package, then
make sure you install the required package, and retry the
installation. The installer validates the package name as well as
the version, so make sure you install the packages of the
minimum versions mentioned in Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control Basic Installation Guide. To understand the logic the
installer uses to verify these packages, see Oracle Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.
If any repository-related prerequisite check fails, then run the
check manually. For instructions, see the appendix on EM
Prerequisite Kit in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic
Installation Guide.
If a configuration assistant fails, the installer stops and none of the
subsequent configuration assistants are run. Resolve the issue and
retry the configuration assistant. For more information, see
Appendix J.
3.4.2 Advanced Installer Options Supported for Installing an Enterprise Manager
System in Silent Mode
The following are some additional, advanced options you can pass while invoking the
installer:
■
By default, a Provisioning Advisor Framework (PAF) staging directory is created
for copying the Software Library entities related to the deployment procedures. By
default, this location is the scratch path location (/tmp). The location is used only
for provisioning activities—entities are copied for a deployment procedure, and
then, deleted once the deployment procedure ends.
If you want to override this location with a custom location, then invoke the
installer with the EM_STAGE_DIR option, and enter a unique custom location.
For example,
./runInstaller EM_STAGE_DIR=/home/john/software/oracle/pafdir -silent
-responseFile <absolute_path>/new_install.rsp
■
After the installation ends successfully, the OMS and the Management Agent start
automatically. If you do not want them to start automatically, then invoke the
installer with START_OMS and b_startAgent options, and set them to true or false
depending on what you want to control.
For example, if you do not want the Management Agent to start automatically,
then run the following command:
./runInstaller START_OMS=true b_startAgent=false -silent -responseFile
<absolute_path>/new_install.rsp
To understand the limitations involved with this advanced option, see
Section 3.4.3.
3-8 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode
3.4.3 Limitations with the Advanced Options Supported for Installing an Enterprise
Manager System in Silent Mode
When you use START_OMS and b_startAgent as advanced options to control the way
the OMS and the Management Agent start up automatically, sometimes the
Management Agent and the host on which it was installed do not appear as targets in
the Cloud Control console.
Table 3–2 lists the different combinations of these advanced options, and describes the
workaround to be followed for each combination:
Table 3–2
Advanced Options and Workarounds
Advanced Option
Workaround
START_OMS=false
1.
Start the OMS:
$<OMS_HOME>/bin/emctl start oms
b_startAgent=false
2.
Secure the Management Agent:
$<AGENT_HOME>/bin/emctl secure agent
3.
Start the Management Agent:
$<AGENT_HOME>/bin/emctl start agent
4.
Add the targets:
$<AGENT_HOME>/bin/emctl config agent
addinternaltargets
5.
Upload the targets:
$<AGENT_HOME>/bin/emctl upload agent
START_OMS=true
Start the Management Agent:
b_startAgent=false
$<AGENT_HOME>/bin/emctl start agent
START_OMS=false
1.
b_startAgent=true
Start the OMS:
$<OMS_HOME>/bin/emctl start oms
2.
Secure the Management Agent:
$<AGENT_HOME>/bin/emctl secure agent
3.
Add the targets:
$<AGENT_HOME>/bin/emctl config agent
addinternaltargets
4.
Upload the targets:
$<AGENT_HOME>/bin/emctl upload agent
3.4.4 Editing the new_install.rsp Response File for Installing an Enterprise Manager in
Silent Mode
Table 3–3 describes what variables you must edit and how you must edit them in the
new_install.rsp response file for installing Enterprise Manager Cloud Control in
silent mode.
Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode 3-9
Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode
Table 3–3
Parameter
UNIX_
GROUP_
NAME
Editing Response File for Installing Enterprise Manager System
Double
Quotes
Required
Data Type for Value?
String
Yes
Description
(Required only when central inventory does not exist) Enter
the name of the UNIX group you belong to.
For example, "dba"
Note: This parameter is supported only on UNIX
platforms, and not on Microsoft Windows platforms.
INVENTOR
Y_
LOCATION
String
Yes
(Required only when central inventory does not exist) Enter
the absolute path to the Central Inventory. Ensure that
you have read, write, and execute permissions on the
default inventory directory.
For example, "/scratch/oracle/oraInventory".
Note: This parameter is supported only on UNIX
platforms, and not on Microsoft Windows platforms.
SECURITY_ Boolean
UPDATES_
VIA_
MYORACLE
SUPPORT
No
■
Enter TRUE if you want to download and install
security updates. Then, enter the credentials for
the following variables in double quotes:
MYORACLESUPPORT_USERNAME
MYORACLESUPPORT_PASSWORD
■
DECLINE_
SECURITY_
UPDATES
Boolean
No
■
■
INSTALL_
String
UPDATES_
SELECTION
Yes
Enter FALSE if you do not want to download and
install security updates:
Enter TRUE if you want to decline the security
updates. In this case, you should have entered
False for SECURITY_UPDATES_VIA_
MYORACLESUPPORT.
Enter FALSE if you do not want to decline the
security updates. In this case, you should have
entered TRUE for SECURITY_UPDATES_VIA_
MYORACLESUPPORT.
By default, this variable is set to "skip" indicating that
the software updates will not be installed during
installation.
■
If you want to install the software updates from
My Oracle Support, then set this variable to
"download". Then, enter the credentials for the
following parameters in double quotes:
MYORACLESUPPORT_USERNAME_FOR_
SOFTWAREUPDATES
MYORACLESUPPORT_PASSWORD_FOR_
SOFTWAREUPDATES
■
If you want to install the software updates from a
staged location, then set this variable to "staged".
Then, for the STAGE_LOCATION parameter, enter the
absolute path, which leads to the Updates
directory where the software updates are
available, in double quotes.
3-10 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
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Table 3–3 (Cont.) Editing Response File for Installing Enterprise Manager System
Parameter
PROXY_
USER
Double
Quotes
Required
Data Type for Value?
String
Yes
Description
Enter the user name that can be used to access the
proxy server.
Note: Applies only if you have set the SECURITY_
UPDATES_VIA_MYORACLESUPPORT variable to TRUE
and/or the INSTALL_UPDATES_SELECTION variable to
"download", and only if your connection to the Internet
requires you to connect through a proxy.
PROXY_
PWD
String
Yes
Enter the password that can be used to access the
proxy server.
Note: Applies only if you have set the SECURITY_
UPDATES_VIA_MYORACLESUPPORT variable to TRUE
and/or the INSTALL_UPDATES_SELECTION parameter to
"download", and only if your connection to the Internet
requires you to connect through a proxy.
PROXY_
HOST
String
PROXY_
PORT
String
Yes
Enter the name of the proxy host.
Note: Applies only if you have set the SECURITY_
UPDATES_VIA_MYORACLESUPPORT variable to TRUE
and/or the INSTALL_UPDATES_SELECTION parameter to
"download", and only if your connection to the Internet
requires you to connect through a proxy.
Yes
Enter the port used by the proxy server.
Note: Applies only if you have set the SECURITY_
UPDATES_VIA_MYORACLESUPPORT variable to TRUE
and/or the INSTALL_UPDATES_SELECTION parameter to
"download", and only if your connection to the Internet
requires you to connect through a proxy.
Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode 3-11
Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode
Table 3–3 (Cont.) Editing Response File for Installing Enterprise Manager System
Parameter
Double
Quotes
Required
Data Type for Value?
String
ORACLE_
MIDDLEWA
RE_HOME_
LOCATION
Yes
Description
Enter the location where you want the installer to
install Oracle WebLogic Server 11g Release 1 (10.3.6)
and Java Development Kit 1.6.0.43.0.
For example, "/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware".
Ensure that the middleware location has write
permission.
If you have already installed them manually, then
enter the location where you have installed them. Also,
make sure you have applied the patches 14482558,
13349651, 16080294, and 16888501 on the Oracle
WebLogic Server. Without these patches, the additional
OMS installation will fail.
For instruction to apply these patches, see the
following URL:
http://docs.oracle.com/cd/E14759_
01/doc.32/e14143/intro.htm#CHDCAJFC
For more information about Oracle Middleware home,
see Section 2.3.2.
Note: Ensure that the number of characters in the
middleware home path does not exceed 70 characters
for Unix platforms and 25 characters for Microsoft
Windows platforms.
For example, the middleware home path
C:\Oracle\MW\EM containing only 15 characters is
acceptable. However,
C:\OracleSoftware\OracleMiddleware\OracleEnterp
riseManager\OMS\newrelease\oms containing more
than 25 characters is not acceptable for Microsoft
Windows platforms.
ORACLE_
HOSTNAM
E
String
Yes
Enter a fully qualified domain name that is registered
in the DNS and is accessible from other network hosts,
or enter an alias host name that is defined in the
/etc/hosts file on all the OMS instances at this site.
The host name must resolve to the local host because
the host name is used for the local Oracle WebLogic
Server as well as the Oracle Management Service. Do
not provide a remote host or a load balancer virtual
host in this field. Do not enter an IP address. Do not
use underscores in the name. Short names are allowed,
but you will see a warning, so Oracle recommends that
you enter a fully qualified domain name instead.
If you do not mention the host name, the installation
wizard will proceed further, honoring the host name it
automatically detects for that host.
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Table 3–3 (Cont.) Editing Response File for Installing Enterprise Manager System
Parameter
AGENT_
BASE_DIR
Double
Quotes
Required
Data Type for Value?
String
Yes
Description
Enter the absolute path to the agent base directory, a
location outside the Oracle Middleware home where
the Management Agent can be installed.
For example, "/oracle/agent".
Ensure that this location is empty and has write
permission. Also ensure that it is always maintained
outside the Oracle Middleware home.
Note: (Only for Microsoft Windows) Ensure that the
number of characters in the agent base directory path
does not exceed 25 characters.
For example, the agent base directory path
C:\Oracle\Agent\ containing only 16 characters is
acceptable. However,
C:\Oracle\ManagementAgent\12c\new containing
more than 25 characters is not acceptable.
WLS_
String
ADMIN_
SERVER_
USERNAME
Yes
By default, weblogic is the name assigned to the
default user account that is created for the Oracle
WebLogic Domain. If you want to accept the default
name, then skip this variable. However, if you want to
have a custom name, then enter the name of your
choice.
WLS_
String
ADMIN_
SERVER_
PASSWORD
Yes
Enter a password for the WebLogic user account.
String
WLS_
ADMIN_
SERVER_
CONFIRM_
PASSWORD
Yes
Confirm the password for the WebLogic user account.
NODE_
String
MANAGER
_
PASSWORD
Yes
By default, nodemanager is the name assigned to the
default user account that is created for the node
manager. Enter a password for this node manager user
account.
Ensure that your password contains at least 8
characters without any spaces, begins with a letter, and
includes at least one numeric value.
Ensure that your password contains at least 8
characters without any spaces, begins with a letter, and
includes at least one numeric value.
NODE_
String
MANAGER
_
CONFIRM_
PASSWORD
Yes
Confirm the password for the node manager user
account.
Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode 3-13
Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode
Table 3–3 (Cont.) Editing Response File for Installing Enterprise Manager System
Parameter
Double
Quotes
Required
Data Type for Value?
String
ORACLE_
INSTANCE_
HOME_
LOCATION
Yes
Description
By default, gc_inst is considered as the OMS Instance
Base directory for storing all OMS-related
configuration files. Enter the absolute path to a
location outside the middleware home leading up to
the directory name.
For more information about this location, see
Section 2.3.3.
Note: If you are installing on an NFS-mounted drive
and creating the OMS instance base directory (gc_inst)
on that NFS-mounted drive, then after you install,
move the lock files from the NFS-mounted drive to a
local file system location. For instructions, refer to
Section 3.5.
CONFIGUR Boolean
E_ORACLE_
SOFTWARE
_LIBRARY
SOFTWARE
_LIBRARY_
LOCATION
String
No
If you want to configure the Software Library at the
time of installation, set this parameter to TRUE.
Otherwise, set it to FALSE.
Even if you do not configure it at the time of
installation, your installation will succeed, and you can
always configure it later from the Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control Console. However, Oracle recommends
that you configure it at the time of installation so that it
is automatically configured by the installer, thus saving
your time and effort.
Yes
If you have set CONFIGURE_ORACLE_SOFTWARE_LIBRARY
to TRUE, then enter the absolute path leading up to a
unique directory name on the OMS host where the
Software Library can be configured. Ensure that the
location you enter is a mounted location on the OMS
host, and is placed outside the Middleware Home.
Also ensure that the OMS process owner has
read/write access to that location. Configuring on a
mounted location helps when you install additional
OMS instances as they will require read/write access
to the same OMS Shared File System storage location.
3-14 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
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Table 3–3 (Cont.) Editing Response File for Installing Enterprise Manager System
Parameter
DATABASE
_
HOSTNAM
E
Double
Quotes
Required
Data Type for Value?
String
Yes
Description
Enter the fully qualified name of the host where the
existing database resides. Ensure that the host name
does not have underscores.
For example, "example.com".
If you have already created a database instance with a
preconfigured Management Repository using the
database templates offered by Oracle, then provide
details about that database instance.
If you are connecting to an Oracle RAC Database, and
if the nodes have virtual host names, then enter the
virtual host name of one of its nodes.
The connection to the database is established with a
connect string that is formed using only this virtual
host name, and the installation ends successfully.
However, if you want to update the connect string
with other nodes of the cluster, then after the
installation, run the following command:
$<OMS_HOME>/bin/emctl config oms -store_repos_
details -repos_conndesc "(DESCRIPTION=
(ADDRESS_LIST=(FAILOVER=ON)
(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=node1-vip.example.
com)(PORT=1521))
(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=node2-vip.example.
com)(PORT=1521))) (CONNECT_DATA=(SERVICE_
NAME=EMREP)))" -repos_user sysman
If your Oracle RAC database 11.2 or higher is
configured with Single Client Access Name (SCAN)
listener, then you can enter a connection string using
the SCAN listener.
Note: If you connect to a database instance that was
created using the database template offered by Oracle,
then note that the password assigned to the user
accounts SYSMAN_MDS, SYSMAN_APM, and
SYSMAN_OPSS, which were created while
preconfiguring the Management Repository, are
automatically reset with the SYSMAN password you
enter for the SYSMAN_PASSWORD parameter.
LISTENER_
PORT
String
Yes
Enter the listener port to connect to the existing
database.
For example, "1521".
SERVICENA String
ME_OR_SID
Yes
Enter the service name or the system ID (SID) of the
existing database.
For example, "orcl".
SYS_
String
PASSWORD
Yes
Enter the SYS user account's password.
Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode 3-15
Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode
Table 3–3 (Cont.) Editing Response File for Installing Enterprise Manager System
Parameter
Double
Quotes
Required
Data Type for Value?
SYSMAN_
String
PASSWORD
Yes
Description
Enter a password for creating a SYSMAN user account.
This password is used to create the SYSMAN user,
which is the primary owner of the Management
Repository schema.
Ensure that your password contains at least 8
characters without any spaces, begins with a letter, and
includes at least one numeric value.
If you connect to a database instance that was created
using the database template offered by Oracle, then
note that the password assigned to the user accounts
SYSMAN_MDS, SYSMAN_APM, and SYSMAN_
OPSS, which were created while preconfiguring the
Management Repository, are automatically reset with
the SYSMAN password you enter for this parameter.
String
SYSMAN_
CONFIRM_
PASSWORD
Yes
Confirm the SYSMAN user account’s password.
3-16 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode
Table 3–3 (Cont.) Editing Response File for Installing Enterprise Manager System
Parameter
Double
Quotes
Required
Data Type for Value?
DEPLOYME String
NT_SIZE
Yes
Description
Set one of the following values to indicate the number
of targets you plan to monitor, the number of
Management Agents you plan to have, and the
number of concurrent user sessions you plan to have.
■
■
■
SMALL, to monitor up to 999 targets, with up to
99 Management Agents and up to 10 concurrent
user sessions
MEDIUM, to monitor about 1000 to 9999 targets,
with about 100 to 999 Management Agents and
about 10 to 24 concurrent user sessions
LARGE, to monitor 10,000 or more targets, with
1000 or more Management Agents, and with
about 25 to 50 concurrent user sessions
For example, "MEDIUM".
The prerequisite checks are run regardless of the
selection you make, but the values to be set for the
various parameters checked depend on the selection
you make.
You can also modify the deployment size after the
installation. For more information on deployment
sizes, the prerequisite checks that are run, the database
parameters that are set, and how you can modify the
deployment size after installation, refer to Section 2.1.6.
Note:
If the database you are connecting to is a database
instance created with a preconfigured Management
Repository using the database templates offered by
Oracle, then make sure the deployment size you set
here matches with the deployment size you selected on
the Step 2 of 12: Database Templates screen of Oracle
Database Configuration Assistant (DBCA) while
creating the database instance.
If you want to select a deployment size different from
the deployment size you had selected while creating
the database instance using DBCA, then do one of the
following:
■
■
Create another database instance with a template
for the desired deployment size, then return to
this response file and set the same deployment
size to this parameter. For instructions to create a
database instance with an Oracle-supplied
template, see Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control Basic Installation Guide.
In the database instance you have created, fix the
parameters to support the deployment size you
want to set here in the response file. To
automatically fix the database parameters using
Oracle-supplied SQL scripts, see Oracle Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.
Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode 3-17
Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode
Table 3–3 (Cont.) Editing Response File for Installing Enterprise Manager System
Parameter
Double
Quotes
Required
Data Type for Value?
MANAGEM String
ENT_
TABLESPAC
E_
LOCATION
Yes
Description
Enter the absolute path to the location where the data
file (mgmt.dbf) for management tablespace can be
stored. Ensure that the specified path leads up to the
file name.
For example:
■
■
■
If the database is on a file system, then the path
must look like
"/u01/oracle/prod/oradata/mgmt.dbf".
If the database is on Automatic Storage
Management (ASM), then the path must look like
"+DATA/oemrsp01d/datafile/mgmt.dbf", where
disk_group1 is a diskgroup created on ASM and
prod is the Service ID (SID).
If the database is on a raw device, then the path
must look like
"</dev/raw1>/prod/oradata/mgmt.dbf", where
/dev/raw1 is the raw device and prod is the SID.
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control requires this data
file to store information about the monitored targets,
their metrics, and so on. Essentially, everything else
other than configuration data, software library data,
and audit data.
CONFIGUR String
ATION_
DATA_
TABLESPAC
E_
LOCATION
Yes
Enter the absolute path to the location where the data
file (mgmt_ecm_depot1.dbf) for configuration data
tablespace can be stored. Ensure that the specified path
leads up to the file name.
For example, "/home/john/oradata/mgmt_ecm_
depot1.dbf".
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control requires this data
file to store configuration information collected from
the monitored targets.
JVM_
String
DIAGNOSTI
CS_
TABLESPAC
E_
LOCATION
Yes
Enter the absolute path to a location where the data file
(mgmt_deepdive.dbf) for JVM Diagnostics data
tablespace can be stored. Ensure that the specified path
leads up to the file name.
For example, "/home/john/oradata/mgmt_
deepdive.dbf".
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control requires this data
file to store monitoring data related to JVM Diagnostics
and Application Dependency Performance (ADP).
AGENT_
String
REGISTRAT
ION_
PASSWORD
Yes
Enter a password to secure the communication
between the OMS and the Management Agents. Note
that you have to provide the same registration
password for securing your Management Agents.
String
AGENT_
REGISTRAT
ION_
CONFIRM_
PASSWORD
Yes
Confirm the agent registration password.
3-18 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
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Table 3–3 (Cont.) Editing Response File for Installing Enterprise Manager System
Parameter
Double
Quotes
Required
Data Type for Value?
STATIC_
String
PORTS_FILE
Yes
Description
By default, ports described in Section 2.1.10 are
honored. If you want to accept the default ports, then
leave this field blank.
If you want to use custom ports, then enter the
absolute path to the staticports.ini file that lists the
custom ports to be used for the installation.
PLUGIN_
String List Yes
SELECTION
(A
comma-sepa
rated list of
plug-in
names,
where the
plug-in
names must
be in double
quotes)
By default, mandatory plug-ins such as Oracle
Database Management Plug-In, Oracle Fusion
Middleware Management Plug-In, Oracle My Oracle
Support Management Plug-In, and Oracle Exadata
Management Plug-In get automatically installed with
the Enterprise Manager system.
However, if you want to install any of the other
optional plug-ins that are available in the software kit
(DVD or downloaded software), then enter the plug-in
IDs for this variable.
For example,
PLUGIN_
SELECTION={"oracle.sysman.empa","oracle.sysman.
vt"}
If you want to install any plug-in that is not available
in the software kit, then do the following:
1.
Manually download the plug-ins from the
Enterprise Manager download page on OTN, and
store them in an accessible location:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/oem/gridcontrol/downloads/oem-upgrade-console-50223
8.html
2.
Update this variable (PLUGIN_SELECTION) to
the names of those plug-ins you downloaded.
3.
Invoke the installer with the following option, and
pass the location where you downloaded the
plug-ins:
./runInstaller -pluginLocation <absolute_
path_to_plugin_software_location>
3.5 Performing Postinstallation Tasks After Installing an Enterprise
Manager System in Silent Mode
Perform the post-install steps as described in the chapter on installing Enterprise
Manager system that is available in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic
Installation Guide.
Installing Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode 3-19
Performing Postinstallation Tasks After Installing an Enterprise Manager System in Silent Mode
3-20 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
4
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the
Software-Only Method
4
This chapter explains how you can install only the software binaries of Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control at one point, and configure the installation at a later point. In
particular, this chapter covers the following:
■
Introduction to Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
■
Before You Begin Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
■
Prerequisites for Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
■
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
All general purpose file systems, including OCFS2 and ACFS,
are acceptable for storing Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c
software binaries and OMS instance home files (configuration files in
gc_inst). However, OCFS is not considered a general purpose file
system, and therefore is not considered acceptable for this use.
Note:
WARNING: Do not install Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c
on servers of SPARC series: T1000, T2000, T5xx0, and T3-*. For more
information, see My Oracle Support note 1590556.1.
4.1 Introduction to Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only
Method
You can choose to install only the software binaries of Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control at one point and configure it at a later point in time to work with an existing,
certified Oracle Database. This approach enables you to divide the installation process
into two phases, mainly the installation phase and the configuration phase.
Understandably, the installation phase takes less time compared to the configuration
phase because the installation phase involves only copying of binaries. This approach
helps you plan your installation according to the time and priorities you have.
During the installation phase, you invoke the installer to create Oracle homes and
install the following components in the Middleware home:
■
Java Development Kit (JDK) 1.6.0.43.0
■
Oracle WebLogic Server 11g Release 1 (10.3.6)
■
Oracle Management Service 12c
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method 4-1
Introduction to Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
■
Oracle Management Agent 12c
■
Oracle BI Publisher 11g (11.1.1.7), which includes Oracle_BI1 directory.
Although Oracle BI Publisher 11g (11.1.1.7) is installed by
default, it is not configured. To configure it post installation, follow
the instructions in Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced
Installation and Configuration Guide.
Note:
■
Oracle JRF 11g Release (11.1.1.7.0), which includes oracle_common directory
■
Oracle Web Tier 11g Release (11.1.1.7.0), which includes Oracle_WT directory
Note:
■
■
Java Development Kit (JDK) 1.6.0.43.0 and Oracle WebLogic
Server 11g Release 1 (10.3.6) are installed only if you do not
specify the use of existing installations. Oracle strongly
recommends using the 12c installation process to install the JDK
and Oracle WebLogic Server for use with Enterprise Manager 12c.
If you want to manually install Oracle WebLogic Server 11g
Release 1 (10.3.6), then follow the guidelines outlined in
Section 4.2.
During the configuration phase, you invoke a configuration script to do the following:
■
■
Create an Oracle WebLogic domain called GCDomain. For this WebLogic Domain, a
default user account, weblogic, is used as the administrative user. You can choose
to change this, if you want, in the installer.
Create a Node Manager user account called nodemanager. A Node Manager
enables you to start, shut down, or restart an Oracle WebLogic Server instance
remotely, and is recommended for applications with high availability
requirements.
On Microsoft Windows, a Node Manager service is NOT
created. This is an expected behavior.
Note:
■
Configure an Oracle Management Service Instance Base location (gc_inst) outside
the Middleware home, for storing all configuration details related to Oracle
Management Service 12c.
For example, if the Middleware home is /u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/, then the
instance base location is /u01/app/Oracle/gc_inst.
■
■
Configure Oracle Management Repository in the existing, certified Oracle
Database.
Deploy and configure the following plug-ins:
–
Oracle Database Management Plug-In
–
Oracle Fusion Middleware Management Plug-In
–
Oracle My Oracle Support Management Plug-In
–
Oracle Exadata Management Plug-In
4-2 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Before You Begin Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
–
Oracle Cloud Framework Plug-In
Note: In addition to the mandatory plug-ins listed above, you can
optionally install other plug-ins available in the software kit. The
installer offers a screen where you can select the optional plug-ins and
install them. However, if you want to install some plug-ins that are
not available in the software kit, then refer to the point about
installing additional plug-ins in Section 4.4.1.3.1.
■
Run the following configuration assistants to configure the installed or upgraded
components:
–
Plugins Prerequisite Check
–
Repository Configuration
If you use a database instance that was created with a
preconfigured Management Repository using the database templates
offered by Oracle, then Repository Out-of-Box Configuration Assistant is
run instead of Repository Configuration Assistant.
Note:
–
MDS Schema Configuration
–
OMS Configuration
–
Plugins Deployment and Configuration
–
Start Oracle Management Service
–
Oracle Configuration Manager Repeater Configuration
–
Agent Configuration Assistant
4.2 Before You Begin Installing Enterprise Manager Using the
Software-Only Method
Before you begin, keep these points in mind:
■
You must ensure that you have the latest Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
software.
To download the latest software, access the following URL:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/oem/enterprise-manager/downloads/inde
x.html
For information about downloading the latest software, refer to Section 1.2.2.
■
■
Ensure that there are no white spaces in the name of the directory where you
download and run the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control software from. For
example, do not download and run the software from a directory titled EM
Software because there is a white space between the two words of the directory
name.
You can install Enterprise Manager Cloud Control using the installation wizard
only on a single host, that is, locally on the server where the wizard is invoked.
You cannot install on remote hosts.
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method 4-3
Before You Begin Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
■
■
■
■
■
■
To invoke the installation wizard on UNIX platforms, run runInstaller. To
invoke on Microsoft Windows platforms, run setup.exe.
Oracle Management Service 12c can communicate only with the versions of Oracle
Management Agent 12c described in Table 3–1.
You must not set the ORACLE_HOME and ORACLE_SID environment variables. You
must ensure that the Oracle directories do NOT appear in the PATH.
Do not install on a symlink. Installing in such a location may impact life cycle
operations such as patching and scaling out.
The Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Wizard installs Java
Development Kit (JDK) 1.6.0.43.0 and Oracle WebLogic Server 11g Release 1
(10.3.6), but only if you do not specify the use of existing installations. Oracle
strongly recommends using the 12c installation process to install the JDK and
Oracle WebLogic Server for use with Enterprise Manager 12c.
(Only for Graphical Mode) You must set the DISPLAY environment variable.
–
In bash terminal, run the following command:
export DISPLAY=<hostname>:<vnc port>.0
For example, export DISPLAY=example.com:1.0
–
In other terminals, run the following command:
setenv DISPLAY <hostname>:1.0
For example, setenv DISPLAY example.com:1.0
■
If Oracle WebLogic Server 11g Release 1 (10.3.6) does not exist and if you choose to
manually install it, then ensure that you install it using JDK 1.6.0.43.0 (64-bit
version for 64-bit platforms and 32-bit version for 32-bit platforms).
–
Download JDK 1.6.0.43.0 for your platform from the platform vendor’s Web
site.
For example, download SUN JDK 1.6.0.43.0 for Linux platforms from the
following Oracle Web site URL:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/index.html
–
If you already have JDK, then verify its version by navigating to the <JDK_
Location>/bin directory and running the following command:
"./java -fullversion"
To verify whether it is a 32-bit or a 64-bit JDK, run the following command:
"file *"
–
JROCKIT is not supported.
–
If you want to manually install Oracle WebLogic Server 11g Release 1 (10.3.6)
on Linux 64-bit platforms, first install the 64-bit JDK for your platform, and
then download and use the wls1036_generic.jar file to install Oracle
WebLogic Server.
For example,
<JDK home>/bin/java -d64 -jar <absolute_path _to_wls1036_
generic.jar>
4-4 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Before You Begin Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
–
If you want to manually install Oracle WebLogic Server 11g Release 1 (10.3.6)
on Linux 32-bit platforms, then download and use either the wls1036_
linux32.bin file or the wls1036_generic.jar file.
For example,
<JDK home>/bin/java
–
-jar <absolute_path _to_wls1036_generic.jar>
You must follow the instructions outlined in the Oracle Fusion Middleware
Installation Guide for Oracle WebLogic Server to install Oracle WebLogic Server.
The guide is available in the Fusion Middleware documentation library
available at:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/middleware/weblogic/documentation
/index.html
–
You must ensure that the Oracle WebLogic Server installation is a typical
installation, and even if you choose to perform a custom installation, ensure
that components chosen for custom installation are the same as the ones
associated with a typical installation.
–
You must ensure that the user installing the WebLogic Server is the same as
the one installing Enterprise Manager Cloud Control.
–
After installing Oracle WebLogic Server, make sure you apply the patches
14482558, 13349651, 16080294, and 16888501 on it. Without these patches, the
additional OMS installation will fail.
For instructions to apply these patches, see the following URL:
http://docs.oracle.com/cd/E14759_
01/doc.32/e14143/intro.htm#CHDCAJFC
■
You must ensure that the Oracle WebLogic Server 11g Release 1 (10.3.6) installed
by the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Wizard or by you is
dedicated for Enterprise Manager Cloud Control. You must not have any other
Oracle Fusion Middleware product installed in that Middleware home.
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control cannot coexist with any Oracle Fusion
Middleware product in the same Middleware home because the ORACLE_COMMON
property is used by both the products.
■
You can optionally use the database templates offered by Oracle to create a
database instance with a preconfigured Management Repository. To do so, refer to
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.
However, note that the database templates are essentially designed for simple
installation, although they can be used for advanced installation. Therefore, while
performing an advanced installation (possibly with small, medium, or large
deployment size selection), when you provide the details of such a database, you
will be prompted that the database parameters need to be modified to suit the
deployment size you selected. You can confirm the message to proceed further.
The installation wizard will automatically set the database parameters to the
required values.
■
If you are installing in, or will be converting in the future to, a high-availability or
a disaster-recovery configuration, then review and become familiar with the
contents in Chapter 16, Chapter 17, Chapter 18 before continuing with this
installation.
Once you have reviewed the information in the aforementioned chapters, follow
the best practices referenced in Chapter 17, specifically the information in
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method 4-5
Before You Begin Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
Section 17.3.1 in order to best prepare your installation for high availability or
disaster recovery.
■
■
■
■
■
■
Enterprise Manager is not affected when you enable or disable features such as
XML DB on the Oracle Database in which you plan to configure the Management
Repository. Therefore, you can enable or disable any feature in the database
because Enterprise Manager does not rely on them.
If you want to optionally follow the configuration guidelines for deploying the
Management Repository so that your management data is secure, reliable, and
always available, refer to the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Administrator’s Guide.
(Only for Silent Mode) By default, the software updates cannot be applied during
installation because the INSTALL_UPDATES_SELECTION variable in the response file
is set to "skip". However, if you want to apply them during installation, then you
can modify this variable as described in Section 4.4.2.1.1.
If you are installing on an NFS-mounted drive and creating the OMS instance base
directory (gc_inst) on that NFS-mounted drive, then after you install, move the
lock files from the NFS-mounted drive to a local file system location. Modify the
lock file location in the httpd.conf file to map to a location on a local file system.
For instructions, refer to Section 4.4.1.4 or Section 4.4.2.4 depending on the
approach you adopt.
By default, the upload ports and console ports as described in Section 2.1.10 are
used.
Oracle offers bug fixes for a product based on the Oracle Lifetime Support Policy.
When the license period expires for a particular product, the support for bug fixes
offered by Oracle also ends. For more information, see the Oracle Lifetime Support
Policy available at:
http://www.oracle.com/support/library/brochure/lifetime-support-technol
ogy.pdf
When determining supportability and certification combinations for an Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control installation, you must consider Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control's framework components as well as the targets monitored by Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control. Oracle recommends keeping your Cloud Control
components and targets updated to the latest certified versions in order to receive
code fixes without having to purchase an Extended Support license.
■
You can find the OMS and Management Agent entries in the /etc/oragchomelist
file for all UNIX platforms except HPUNIX, HPia64, Solaris Sparc.
On HPUNIX, HPia64, Solaris Sparc platforms, the entries are present in
/var/opt/oracle/oragchomelist.
■
■
■
As a prerequisite, you must have an existing Oracle Database to configure the
Management Repository. This database can also have the Automatic Memory
Management (AMM) feature enabled.
The locale-specific data is stored in the <OMS_Oracle_Home>/nls/data directory.
Oracle strongly recommends that you either set the environment variable ORA_
NLS10 to <OMS_Oracle_Home>/nls/data or do not set at all.
If you install the OMS and the Oracle Database, which houses the Management
Repository, on the same host, then when you reboot the host, the OMS and the
Management Agent installed with it will not automatically start up. You will have
to manually start them.
4-6 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
4.3 Prerequisites for Installing Enterprise Manager Using the
Software-Only Method
Meet the prerequisites described in the chapter on installing Enterprise Manager
system that is available in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation
Guide.
4.4 Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
This section describes the following:
■
■
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method in Graphical
Mode
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method in Silent Mode
4.4.1 Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method in Graphical Mode
This section explains how you can install only the software binaries of Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control at one point in graphical mode, and configure the installation
at a later point. In particular, this section covers the following:
■
■
■
■
Installing the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5) Software
Binaries in Graphical Mode
Running the Root Script
Configuring the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5)
Software Binaries in Graphical Mode
Performing Postconfiguration Tasks After Configuring the Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5) Software Binaries in Graphical Mode
4.4.1.1 Installing the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5)
Software Binaries in Graphical Mode
To install only the software binaries of Enterprise Manager Cloud Control in graphical
mode, follow these steps:
Oracle recommends you to run the EM Prerequisite Kit before
invoking the installer to ensure that you meet all the repository
requirements beforehand. Even if you do not run it manually, the
installer anyway runs it in the background while installing the
product. However, running it manually beforehand sets up your
Management Repository even before you can start the installation or
upgrade process. For information on the kit, to understand how to run
it, and to know about the prerequisite checks it runs, see Oracle
Enterprise Manager Basic Installation Guide.
Note:
However, if you plan to use a database instance that was created
with a preconfigured Management Repository using the database
templates offered by Oracle, then make sure you pass the following
parameter while invoking the EM Prerequisite Kit.
-componentVariables repository:EXECUTE_CHECKS_NOSEED_DB_
FOUND:false
1.
Invoke the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Wizard
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method 4-7
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
Invoke the installer. (On Unix, make sure you invoke the installer as a user who
belongs to the oinstall group you created. For information about creating
operating system groups and users, see the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Basic Installation Guide.)
<Software_Location>/runInstaller [-invPtrLoc <absolute_path_to_
oraInst.loc>]
Note:
■
■
■
■
In this command, <Software_Location> refers to either the DVD
or the location where you have downloaded software kit.
To invoke the installation wizard on UNIX platforms, run
runInstaller. To invoke on Microsoft Windows platforms, run
setup.exe.
The -invPtrLoc parameter is supported only on UNIX platforms,
and not on Microsoft Windows platforms.
For information about the additional, advanced options you can
pass while invoking the installer, refer to Section 4.4.1.1.1.
When you invoke runInstaller or setup.exe, if the
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Wizard does not
appear, then it is possible that you do not have read and write access
to /stage, which a subdirectory in the Disk1 directory of the
Enterprise Manager software.
Note:
There is a classpath variable that the installation wizard computes for
OPatch as ../stage/Components/, and when the TEMP variable is set
to /tmp, the installation wizard tries to look for the opatch JAR file in
the /tmp/../stage directory, which is equivalent to /stage. However,
if you do not have read and write permission on /stage, then the
installation wizard can hang. Under such circumstances, verify if you
have read and write access to the /stage directory. If you do not have,
then set the TEMP variable to a location where the install user has
access to, and then relaunch the installation wizard.
2.
(Optional) Enter My Oracle Support Details
4-8 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
On the My Oracle Support Details screen, enter your My Oracle Support credentials
to enable Oracle Configuration Manager. If you do not want to enable Oracle
Configuration Manager now, go to Step (3).
If the host from where you are running the installation wizard does not have a
connection to the Internet, then enter only the e-mail address and leave the other
fields blank. After you complete the installation, manually collect the
configuration information and upload it to My Oracle Support.
Note: For information about manually collecting the configuration
information and uploading it to My Oracle Support, see Section 2.1.4.1.
Beginning with Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release
3 (12.1.0.3), My Oracle Support accesses support.oracle.com directly.
This means that you must provide network access to this URL, or
grant proxy access to it from any client that will access My Oracle
Support.
Note:
3.
Click Next.
4.
(Recommended) Install Software Updates
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method 4-9
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
On the Software Updates screen, select Search for Updates, and then select one of
the following options to apply the latest software updates:
■
■
Local Directory, if you do not have Internet connectivity on your host, and
want to download the updates in offline mode and apply them while
performing the installation.
My Oracle Support, if you have Internet connectivity on your host, and want
to connect to My Oracle Support directly via the installer to download the
updates in online mode and apply them while performing the installation.
For more information on these options, and for instructions to download and
apply the software updates using these options, see Section 2.1.5.6.
The Software Updates screen uses the built-in feature Software
Update to automatically download and deploy the latest
recommended patches while installing or upgrading Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control. This way, you do not have to keep a manual
check on the patches released by Oracle. All patches required by the
installer for successful installation and upgrade are automatically
detected and downloaded from My Oracle Support, and applied
during the installation or upgrade, thus reducing the known issues
and potential failures. Oracle strongly recommends using this feature,
and applying the software updates while the installation is in
progress. For more information, see Section 2.1.5.1.
Note:
5.
Click Next.
If Enterprise Manager Cloud Control is the first Oracle product you are installing
on the host that is running on UNIX operating system, then the Oracle Inventory
screen appears. For details, see step (6). Otherwise, the Check Prerequisites screen
appears. For details, see step (8).
4-10 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
If Enterprise Manager Cloud Control is the first Oracle product you are installing
on the host that is running on Microsoft Windows operating system, then the
Oracle Inventory screen does not appear. On Microsoft Windows, the following is
the default inventory directory:
<system drive>\Program Files\Oracle\Inventory
6.
Enter Oracle Inventory Details
On the Oracle Inventory screen, do the following. You will see this screen only if
this turns out to be your first ever installation of an Oracle product on the host.
a.
Enter the full path to a directory where the inventory files and directories can
be placed.
Note:
■
■
If this is the first Oracle product on the host, then the default
central inventory location is <home directory>/oraInventory.
However, if you already have some Oracle products on the host,
then the central inventory location can be found in the
oraInst.loc file. The oraInst.loc file is located in the /etc
directory for Linux and AIX, and in the /var/opt/oracle
directory for Solaris, HP-UX, and Tru64.
Ensure that you have read, write, and execute permissions on the
default inventory directory. If you do not have the required
permissions, then exit the installer, invoke the installer again with
the INVENTORY_LOCATION parameter, and pass the absolute path to
the alternative inventory location.
For example,
<Software_Location>/runInstaller INVENTORY_
LOCATION=<absolute_path_to_inventory_directory>
Alternatively, invoke the installer with the -invPtrLoc parameter,
and pass the absolute path to the oraInst.loc file that contains the
alternative inventory location.
For example,
<Software_Location>/runInstaller -invPtrLoc <absolute_
path_to_oraInst.loc>
However, note that these parameters are supported only on
UNIX platforms, and not on Microsoft Windows platforms.
b.
Select the appropriate operating system group name that will own the Oracle
inventory directories. The group that you select must have write permissions
on the Oracle Inventory directories.
7.
Click Next.
8.
Check Prerequisites
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
4-11
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
On the Prerequisite Checks screen, check the status of the prerequisite checks run
by the installation wizard, and verify whether your environment meets all the
minimum requirements for a successful installation.
The installation wizard runs the prerequisite checks automatically when you come
to this screen. It checks for the required operating system patches, operating
system packages, and so on.
The status of the prerequisite check can be either Warning, Failed, or Succeeded.
■
■
9.
If some checks result in Warning or Failed status, then investigate and correct
the problems before you proceed with the installation. The screen provides
details on why the prerequisites failed and how you can resolve them. After
you correct the problems, return to this screen and click Rerun to check the
prerequisites again.
However, all package requirements must be met or fixed before proceeding
any further. Otherwise, the installation might fail.
Click Next.
If a prerequisite check fails reporting a missing package, then
make sure you install the required package, and click Rerun. The
installation wizard validates the package name as well as the version,
so make sure you install the packages of the minimum versions
mentioned in Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation
Guide. To understand the logic the installation wizard uses to verify
these packages, see Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic
Installation Guide.
Note:
10. Select Installation Type
4-12 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
On the Installation Types screen, select Install software only.
11. Click Next.
12. Enter Installation Details
On the Installation Details screen, do the following:
a.
Enter or validate or enter the Middleware home where you want to install the
OMS and other core components.
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
4-13
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
Note:
■
If Oracle WebLogic Server 11g Release 1 (10.3.6) and Java
Development Kit 1.6.0.43.0 are already installed in your
environment, then the installer automatically detects them and
displays the absolute path to the Middleware home where they
are installed. In this case, validate the Middleware home location
that is detected and displayed by default. If the location is
incorrect, then enter the path to the correct location. Ensure that
the Middleware home location you select or enter is a Middleware
home location that does not have any Oracle homes.
Also make sure you have applied the patches 14482558, 13349651,
16080294, and 16888501 on the Oracle WebLogic Server. Without
these patches, the additional OMS installation will fail.
For instructions to apply these patches, see the following URL:
http://docs.oracle.com/cd/E14759_
01/doc.32/e14143/intro.htm#CHDCAJFC
For more information on Oracle WebLogic Server downloads and
demos, access the following URL:
http://www.oracle.com/technology/products/weblogic/index.
html
■
■
If Oracle WebLogic Server 11g Release 1 (10.3.6) and Java
Development Kit 1.6.0.43.0 are NOT already installed in your
environment, then the installer automatically installs them for you
while installing the Enterprise Manager system. In this case, enter
the absolute path to a directory where you want to have them
installed. For example, /oracle/software/. Ensure that the
directory you enter does not contain any files or subdirectories.
Ensure that the number of characters in the middleware home
path does not exceed 70 characters for Unix platforms and 25
characters for Microsoft Windows platforms.
For example, the middleware home path C:\Oracle\MW\EM
containing only 15 characters is acceptable. However,
C:\OracleSoftware\OracleMiddleware\OracleEnterpriseManage
r\OMS\newrelease\oms containing more than 25 characters is not
acceptable for Microsoft Windows platforms.
b.
Enter the absolute path to the agent base directory, a location outside the
Oracle Middleware home where the Management Agent can be installed. For
example, if the middleware home is /u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/, then you
can specify the agent base directory as /u01/app/Oracle/agent12c.
Ensure that this location is empty and has write permission. Also ensure that it
is always maintained outside the middleware home.
4-14 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
Ensure that the number of characters in the middleware home
path does not exceed 70 characters for Unix platforms and 25
characters for Microsoft Windows platforms.
Note:
For example, the middleware home path C:\Oracle\MW\EM containing
only 15 characters is acceptable. However,
C:\OracleSoftware\OracleMiddleware\OracleEnterpriseManager\O
MS\newrelease\oms containing more than 25 characters is not
acceptable for Microsoft Windows platforms.
c.
Validate the name of the host where you want to configure the OMS.
The host name appears as a fully qualified name, or as a virtual host name if
your host is configured with virtual machine. If the installation wizard was
invoked with a value for ORACLE_HOSTNAME, then this field is
prepopulated with that name.
Accept the default host name, or enter a fully qualified domain name that is
registered in the DNS and is accessible from other network hosts, or enter an
alias host name that is defined in the /etc/hosts file on all the OMS instances
at this site.
The host name must resolve to the local host because the host
name is used for the local Oracle WebLogic Server as well as the
Oracle Management Service. Do not provide a remote host or a load
balancer virtual host in this field. Do not enter an IP address. Do not
use underscores in the name. Short names are allowed, but you will
see a warning, so Oracle recommends that you enter a fully qualified
domain name instead.
Note:
13. Click Next.
14. Review and Install
On the Review screen, review the details you provided for the selected installation
type.
■
■
If you want to change the details, click Back repeatedly until you reach the
screen where you want to make the changes.
After you verify the details, if you are satisfied, click Install to begin the
installation process.
15. Track the Progress
On the Install Progress screen, view the overall progress (in percentage) of the
installation.
16. End the Installation
On the Finish screen, you should see information pertaining to the installation of
Enterprise Manager. Review the information and click Close to exit the installation
wizard.
4.4.1.1.1 Using Advanced Installer Options While Installing the Enterprise Manager 12c Release
5 (12.1.0.5) Software Using the Software-Only Method in Graphical Mode The following are
some additional, advanced options you can pass while invoking the installer:
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
4-15
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
■
By default, GCDomain is the default name used for creating the WebLogic Domain.
To override this and use a custom WebLogic Domain name, invoke the installation
wizard with the WLS_DOMAIN_NAME option, and enter a unique custom name.
Note: Ensure that the WLS_DOMAIN_NAME option is used even when
the ConfigureGC.sh is invoked to configure the software binaries as
described in Section 4.4.1.3.
For example, if you want to use the custom name EMDomain, then run the following
command:
$<MIDDLEWARE_HOME>/oms/sysman/install/ConfigureGC.sh WLS_DOMAIN_
NAME=EMDomain
■
If you want to set the Central Inventory, then pass the -invPtrLoc parameter. This
parameter considers the path to a location where the inventory pointer file
(oraInst.loc) is available. However, this parameter is supported only on UNIX
platforms, and not on Microsoft Windows platforms.
For example,
./runInstaller -invPtrLoc /scratch/OracleHomes/oraInst.loc -silent
-responseFile <absolute_path_response_file>
■
After you install the software binaries, you will configure the binaries. And after
the configuration ends successfully, by default, the OMS and the Management
Agent start automatically. If you do not want them to start automatically, then
invoke the installation wizard with START_OMS and b_startAgent options, and set
them to true or false depending on what you want to control.
Ensure that the START_OMS and b_startAgent options are used
even when the ConfigureGC.sh is invoked to configure the software
binaries as described in Section 4.4.1.3.
Note:
For example, if you do not want the Management Agent to start automatically,
then run the following command:
$<MIDDLEWARE_HOME>/oms/sysman/install/ConfigureGC.sh START_OMS=true b_
startAgent=false
To understand the limitations involved with this advanced option, see
Section 3.4.3.
4.4.1.2 Running the Root Script
(For UNIX Only) After you install the software binaries of Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control, log in as a root user in a new terminal and run the following scripts:
■
If this is the first Oracle product you just installed on the host, then run the
oraInstroot.sh script from the inventory location specified in the oraInst.loc
file that is available in the Management Agent home.
For example, if the inventory location specified in the oraInst.loc file is
$HOME/oraInventory, then run the following command:
$HOME/oraInventory/oraInstRoot.sh
4-16 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
If you are not a root user, then use SUDO to change to a root
user. For example, run the following command:
Note:
/usr/local/bin/sudo $HOME/oraInventory/oraInstRoot.sh
■
Run the allroot.sh script from the OMS home:
$<OMS_HOME>/allroot.sh
If you are not a root user, then use SUDO to change to a root
user. For example, run the following command:
Note:
/usr/local/bin/sudo $<OMS_HOME>/allroot.sh
4.4.1.3 Configuring the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5)
Software Binaries in Graphical Mode
To configure Enterprise Manager Cloud Control, follow these steps:
1.
Invoke the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Wizard
Invoke the installation wizard. (On Unix, make sure you invoke the installation
wizard as a user who belongs to the oinstall group you created. For information
about creating operating system groups and users, see the Oracle Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.)
$<MIDDLEWARE_HOME>/oms/sysman/install/ConfigureGC.sh
<absolute_path_to_oraInst.loc>]
[-invPtrLoc
Note:
■
■
■
■
■
2.
While installing the software binaries as described in
Section 4.4.1.1, if you had passed the argument -invPtrLoc, then
pass the same argument here as well.
The -invPtrLoc parameter is supported only on UNIX platforms,
and not on Microsoft Windows platforms.
For information about the additional, advanced options you can
pass while invoking the script, refer to Section 4.4.1.3.1.
The only way to configure a software-only installation is to run
the ConfigureGC.sh (or ConfigureGC.bat on Microsoft Windows)
script. DO NOT run the individual configuration assistants to
configure a software-only installation. If you want to run the
individual configuration assistants to configure the installation for
some reason, then contact Oracle Support.
If you have already configured a software-only installation (the
Oracle home) using the ConfigureGC.sh script (or
ConfigureGC.bat on Microsoft Windows, then DO NOT try to
reconfigure it—either using the script or using the individual
configuration assistants.
Select Installation Type
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
4-17
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
In the installation wizard, on the Installation Types screen, select Create a New
Enterprise Manager System.
3.
Click Next.
4.
Deploy Plug-Ins
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Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
On the Plug-In Deployment screen, select the optional plug-ins you want to install
from the software kit (DVD, downloaded software) while installing the Enterprise
Manager system.
The pre-selected rows are mandatory plug-ins that will be installed by default.
Select the optional ones you want to install.
During installation, if you want to install a plug-in that is not
available in the software kit, then refer to the point about installing
additional plug-ins in Section 4.4.1.1.1.
Note:
5.
Click Next.
6.
Enter WebLogic Server Configuration Details
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
4-19
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
On the WebLogic Server Configuration Details screen, enter the credentials for the
WebLogic Server user account and the Node Manager user account, and validate
the path to the Oracle Management Service instance base location. Ensure that the
Oracle Management Service instance base location is outside the middleware
home
Ensure that your password contains at least 8 characters
without any spaces, begins with a letter, and includes at least one
numeric value.
Note:
Ensure that the Oracle Management Service instance base
location is outside the middleware home.
Note:
By default, the WebLogic Domain name is GCDomain, and the Node Manager name
is nodemanager. These are non-editable fields. The installer uses this information
for creating Oracle WebLogic Domain and other associated components such as
the admin server, the managed server, and the node manager.
A Node Manager enables you to start, shut down, or restart an Oracle WebLogic
Server instance remotely, and is recommended for applications with high
availability requirements.
On Microsoft Windows, a Node Manager service is NOT
created. This is an expected behavior.
Note:
4-20 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
By default, the Oracle Management Service instance base location is gc_inst,
which is created outside the Middleware home for storing all configuration details
related to the OMS.
7.
Click Next.
8.
Enter Database Connection Details
On the Database Connection Details screen, do the following:
a.
Provide details of the existing, certified database where the Management
Repository needs to be created. If you have already created a database
instance with a preconfigured Management Repository using the database
templates offered by Oracle, then provide details about that database instance.
The installer uses this information to connect to the existing database for
creating the SYSMAN schema and plug-in schemas. If you provide details of a
database that already has a preconfigured Management Repository, then the
installer only creates plug-in schemas.
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
4-21
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
Note:
■
■
■
■
■
■
b.
For information about creating a database instance with a
preconfigured Management Repository using the database
templates offered by Oracle, refer to Oracle Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.
If you connect to a database instance that was created using the
database template offered by Oracle, then note that the password
assigned to the user accounts SYSMAN_MDS, SYSMAN_APM,
and SYSMAN_OPSS, which were created while preconfiguring
the Management Repository, are automatically reset with the
SYSMAN password you enter on the Repository Configuration
Details screen (as described in Step (10)).
To identify whether your database is a certified database listed in
the certification matrix, access the certification matrix as described
in Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.
If you see a warning stating that the database you have provided
already has Enterprise Manager schemas configured, then make
sure you drop those schemas first, then deinstall the Enterprise
Manager software that had created those schemas, and then
return to the installer to proceed with the new installation. For
instructions to drop the schemas and deinstall the software, see
Chapter 21.
For information on all the database initialization parameters that
are set, and all the prerequisite checks that are run, and for
instructions to run the prerequisite checks manually if they fail,
the appendix on EM Prerequisite Kit in the Oracle Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.
Oracle Real Application Cluster (Oracle RAC) nodes are referred
to by their virtual IP (vip) names. The service_name parameter is
used instead of the system identifier (SID) in connect_data mode,
and failover is turned on. For more information, refer to Oracle
Database Net Services Administrator's Guide.
Select the deployment size from the Deployment Size list to indicate the
number of targets you plan to monitor, the number of Management Agents
you plan to have, and the number of concurrent user sessions you plan to
have.
The prerequisite checks are run regardless of the selection you make, but the
values to be set for the various parameters checked depend on the selection
you make.
For more information on deployment sizes, the prerequisite checks that are
run, the database parameters that are set, and how you can modify the
deployment size after installation, refer to Section 2.1.6.
Table 4–1 describes each deployment size.
4-22 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
Table 4–1
Deployment Size
Deployment Size
Targets Count
Management Agents Concurrent User
Count
Session Count
Small
Up to 999
Up to 99
Up to 10
Medium
Between 1000 and
9999
Between 100 and 999
Between 10 and 24
Large
10,000 or more
1000 or more
Between 25 and 50
9.
Click Next.
If the database you are connecting to is a database instance
created with a preconfigured Management Repository using the
database templates offered by Oracle, then make sure the deployment
size you select on this screen matches with the deployment size you
selected on the Step 2 of 12: Database Templates screen of Oracle
Database Configuration Assistant (DBCA) while creating the database
instance.
Note:
If you want to select a deployment size different from the deployment
size you had selected while creating the database instance using
DBCA, then do one of the following:
■
■
Select the deployment size of your choice on this screen, and click
Next. When you see errors, fix the parameters in the database,
then return to this screen to continue with the installation. To
automatically fix the parameters using Oracle-supplied SQL
scripts, see Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic
Installation Guide.
Minimize the installer, create another database instance with a
template for the desired deployment size, then return to this
screen and select the matching deployment size. For instructions,
see Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.
Note:
If you are connecting to an Oracle RAC database, and if you have
entered the virtual host name of one of its nodes, then the installation
wizard prompts you with a Connection String dialog and requests
you to update the connect string with information about the other
nodes that are part of the cluster. Update the connect string and click
OK. If you want to test the connection, click Test Connection.
If your Oracle RAC database 11.2. or higher is configured with Single
Client Access Name (SCAN) listener, then you can enter a connection
string using the SCAN listener.
Oracle Real Application Cluster (Oracle RAC) nodes are referred to by
their virtual IP (vip) names. The service_name parameter is used
instead of the system identifier (SID) in connect_data mode, and
failover is turned on. For more information, refer to Oracle Database
Net Services Administrator's Guide.
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
4-23
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
If you are connecting to an Oracle Database that already has a
Database Control configured, then you will see an error message
prompting you to deconfigure it. Make sure you deconfigure the
database control repository, the database control application, and the
database control's central agent. For instructions, see Section A.5 of
My Oracle Support note 278100.1.
Note:
10. Enter Enterprise Manager Configuration Details
On the Repository Configuration Details screen, do the following:
a.
For SYSMAN Password, enter a password for creating the SYSMAN user
account. The SYSMAN user account is used for creating the SYSMAN schema,
which holds most of the relational data used in managing Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control. SYSMAN is also the super administrator for Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control.
4-24 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
Note:
■
■
b.
Ensure that your password contains at least 8 characters without
any spaces, begins with a letter, and includes at least one numeric
value.
If you connect to a database instance that was created using the
database template offered by Oracle, then note that the password
assigned to the user accounts SYSMAN_MDS, SYSMAN_APM,
and SYSMAN_OPSS, which were created while preconfiguring
the Management Repository, are automatically reset with the
SYSMAN password you enter on this screen.
For Registration Password, enter a password for registering the new
Management Agents that join the Enterprise Manager system.
Ensure that your password contains at least 8 characters
without any spaces, begins with a letter, and includes at least one
numeric value.
Note:
c.
For Management Tablespace, enter the absolute path to the location where the
data file for management tablespace (mgmt.dbf) can be stored. The installer
uses this information for storing data about the monitored targets, their
metrics, and so on. Ensure that the specified path leads up to the file name.
For example, /u01/oracle/prod/oradata/mgmt.dbf
If the database is on Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM),
then the path must look like: +<disk_group>/<sid>/<subdir_path_if_
any>/<datafilename>.dbf
For example, +DATA/oemrsp01d/datafile/mgmt.dbf
d.
For Configuration Data Tablespace, enter the absolute path to the location
where the data file for configuration data tablespace (mgmt_ecm_depot1.dbf)
can be stored. This is required for storing configuration information collected
from the monitored targets. Ensure that the specified path leads up to the file
name.
For example, /u01/oracle/prod/oradata/mgmt_ecm_depot1.dbf
If the database is on Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM),
then the path must look like: +<disk_group>/<sid>/<subdir_path_if_
any>/<datafilename>.dbf
For example, +DATA/oemrsp01d/datafile/mgmt_ecm_depot1.dbf
e.
For JVM Diagnostics Data Tablespace, enter the absolute path to a location
where the data file for JVM Diagnostics data tablespace (mgmt_deepdive.dbf)
can be stored. Ensure that the specified path leads up to the file name.
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control requires this data file to store monitoring
data related to JVM Diagnostics and Application Dependency Performance
(ADP).
For example, /u01/oracle/prod/oradata/mgmt_deepdive.dbf
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
4-25
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
If the database is on Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM),
then the path must look like: +<disk_group>/<sid>/<subdir_path_if_
any>/<datafilename>.dbf
For example, +DATA/oemrsp01d/datafile/mgmt_deepdive.dbf
f.
If you want to configure Oracle Software Library (Software Library), select
Configure Oracle Software Library. Enter the absolute path leading up to a
unique directory name on the OMS host where the Software Library can be
configured.
By default, an OMS Shared File System storage location is configured, so ensure
that the location you enter is a mounted location on the OMS host, and is
placed outside the Middleware Home. Also ensure that the OMS process
owner has read/write access to that location. Configuring on a mounted
location helps when you install additional OMS instances as they will require
read/write access to the same OMS Shared File System storage location.
4-26 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
Note:
■
■
Oracle recommends that you maintain the Software Library
outside the Middleware Home. For example, if the middleware
home is /u01/software/oracle/middleware, then you can
maintain the Software Library in /u01/software/oracle.
Oracle strongly recommends that you enter a mounted location on
the OMS host so that the same location can be used when you
install additional OMS instances. However, if you are unable to
provide a mounted location or if you are testing the installation in
a test environment and do not want to provide a mounted
location, then you can provide a local file system location. In this
case, after the installation, make sure you migrate to a mounted
location.
For information about the Software Library storage locations, see
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Administrator's Guide. For
instructions to migrate to an OMS Agent File System storage
location, see Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Administrator’s Guide.
■
On Microsoft Windows, if you are unable to provide a mounted
location, then enter a local file system location at the time of
installing the product, and migrate to an OMS Agent File System
storage location later. The OMS Agent File System storage location
is the recommend storage type on Microsoft Windows.
For information about the Software Library storage locations, see
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Administrator's Guide. For
instructions to migrate to an OMS Agent File System storage
location, see Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Administrator’s Guide.
■
■
Configuring the Software Library at the time of installation is
optional. Even if you do not select this option and configure it
now, your installation will succeed. You always have the option of
configuring the Software Library later from the Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control Console. However, Oracle strongly
recommends that you select this option and configure it at the
time of installation so that the installer can automatically
configure it for you, thus saving your time and effort.
Once the Software Library is configured, you can view the
location details in the Software Library Console. To access the
Software Library Console, in Cloud Control, from the Setup
menu, select Provisioning and Patching, then select Software
Library.
11. Click Next.
12. Customize Ports
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
4-27
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
On the Port Configuration Details screen, customize the ports to be used for
various components.
You can enter a free custom port that is either within or outside the port range
recommended by Oracle.
To verify if a port is free, run the following command:
■
On Unix:
netstat -anp | grep <port no>
■
On Microsoft Windows:
netstat -an|findstr <port_no>
However, the custom port must be greater than 1024 and lesser than 65535.
Alternatively, if you already have the ports predefined in a staticports.ini file
and if you want to use those ports, then click Import staticports.ini file and select
the file.
Note: If the staticports.ini file is passed during installation, then
by default, the ports defined in the staticports.ini file are
displayed. Otherwise, the first available port from the recommended
range is displayed.
The staticports.ini file is available in the following location:
<Software_Extracted_Location>/response
13. Click Next.
14. Review and Configure
4-28 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
On the Review screen, review the details you provided for the selected installation
type.
■
■
If you want to change the details, click Back repeatedly until you reach the
screen where you want to make the changes.
After you verify the details, if you are satisfied, click Configure to begin the
installation process.
15. Track the Progress
On the Install Progress screen, view the overall progress (in percentage) of the
installation.
Note:
■
■
If a configuration assistant fails, the installer stops and none of the
subsequent configuration assistants are run. Resolve the issue and
retry the configuration assistant. For more information, see
Appendix J.
If you accidently exit the installer before clicking Retry, then do
NOT restart the installer to reach the same screen; instead, invoke
the runConfig.sh script from the OMS home to rerun the
Configuration Assistant in silent mode. For Microsoft Windows
platforms, invoke runConfig.bat script.
$<OMS_HOME>/oui/bin/runConfig.sh ORACLE_HOME=<absolute_
path_to_OMS_home> MODE=perform ACTION=configure
COMPONENT_XML={encap_oms.1_0_0_0_0.xml}
If the runConfig.sh script fails, then clean up your environment
and redo the installation.
16. End the Installation
On the Finish screen, you should see information pertaining to the installation of
Enterprise Manager. Review the information and click Close to exit the installation
wizard.
4.4.1.3.1 Using Advanced Script Options While Configuring the Enterprise Manager 12c Release
5 (12.1.0.5) Software Using the Software-Only Method in Graphical Mode
The following are some additional, advanced options you can pass while invoking the
configureGC.sh script (or configureGC.bat on Microsoft Windows):
■
By default, GCDomain is the default name used for creating the WebLogic Domain.
To override this and use a custom WebLogic Domain name, invoke the script with
the WLS_DOMAIN_NAME option, and enter a unique custom name.
Note: Ensure that the WLS_DOMAIN_NAME option was used even when
the installation wizard was invoked to install the software binaries as
described in Section 4.4.1.1.
For example, if you want to use the custom name EMDomain, then run the following
command:
$<MIDDLEWARE_HOME>/oms/sysman/install/ConfigureGC.sh WLS_DOMAIN_
NAME=EMDomain
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
4-29
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
■
If you want to install some plug-ins that are not in the software kit, then follow
these steps:
1.
Manually download the plug-ins from the Enterprise Manager Download
page on OTN, and store them in an accessible location.
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/oem/grid-control/downloads/oem-up
grade-console-502238.html
2.
Invoke the ConfigureGC.sh script (or ConfigureGC.bat on Microsoft
Windows) with the following option, and pass the location where the plug-ins
you want to install are available:
./ConfigureGC.sh -pluginLocation <absolute_path_to_plugin_software_
location>
The Plug-In Deployment screen of the installation wizard displays a list of
plug-ins available in the software kit as well as the plug-ins available in this
custom location. You can choose the ones you want to install.
■
After the configuration ends successfully, the OMS and the Management Agent
start automatically. If you do not want them to start automatically, then invoke the
script with START_OMS and b_startAgent options, and set them to true or false
depending on what you want to control.
Ensure that the START_OMS and b_startAgent options are used
even when the installation wizard was invoked to install the software
binaries as described in Section 4.4.1.1.
Note:
For example, if you do not want the Management Agent to start automatically,
then run the following command:
$<MIDDLEWARE_HOME>/oms/sysman/install/ConfigureGC.sh START_OMS=true b_
startAgent=false
To understand the limitations involved with this advanced option, see
Section 3.4.3.
4.4.1.4 Performing Postconfiguration Tasks After Configuring the Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5) Software Binaries in Graphical
Mode
Perform the post-install steps as described in the chapter on installing Enterprise
Manager system that is available in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic
Installation Guide.
4.4.2 Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method in Silent Mode
This section explains how you can install only the software binaries of Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control at one point in silent mode, and configure the installation at a
later point. In particular, this section covers the following:
■
■
■
Installing the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5) Software
Binaries in Silent Mode
Running the Root Script
Configuring the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5)
Software Binaries in Silent Mode
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Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
■
Performing Postconfiguration Tasks After Configuring the Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5) Software Binaries in Silent Mode
4.4.2.1 Installing the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5)
Software Binaries in Silent Mode
To install only the software binaries of Enterprise Manager Cloud Control in silent
mode, follow these steps:
Oracle recommends you to run the EM Prerequisite Kit before
invoking the installer to ensure that you meet all the repository
requirements beforehand. Even if you do not run it manually, the
installer anyway runs it in the background while installing the
product. However, running it manually beforehand sets up your
Management Repository even before you can start the installation or
upgrade process. For information on the kit, to understand how to run
it, and to know about the prerequisite checks it runs, see Oracle
Enterprise Manager Basic Installation Guide.
Note:
However, if you plan to use a database instance that was created
with a preconfigured Management Repository using the database
templates offered by Oracle, then make sure you pass the following
parameter while invoking the EM Prerequisite Kit.
-componentVariables repository:EXECUTE_CHECKS_NOSEED_DB_
FOUND:false
1.
Copy the following response file to an accessible location on your local host:
<Software_Location>/response/software_only.rsp
In this command, <Software_Location> refers to either the DVD or the location
where you have downloaded software kit.
2.
Edit the response file and enter appropriate values for the variables described in
Table 4–2.
3.
Invoke the installer. (On Unix, make sure you invoke the installer as a user who
belongs to the oinstall group you created. For information about creating
operating system groups and users, see the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Basic Installation Guide.)
■
If this is the first Oracle product you are installing on the host, then run the
following command:
./runInstaller -silent -responseFile <absolute_path>/software_
only.rsp [-invPtrLoc <absolute_path_to_oraInst.loc>]
■
Otherwise, run the following command:
./runInstaller -silent -responseFile <absolute_path>/software_
only.rsp
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
4-31
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
Note:
■
■
To invoke the installation wizard on UNIX platforms, run
runInstaller. To invoke on Microsoft Windows platforms, run
setup.exe.
For information about the additional, advanced options you can
pass while invoking the installer, refer to Section 3.4.2.
When you invoke runInstaller or setup.exe, if the
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Wizard does not
appear, then it is possible that you do not have read and write access
to /stage, which a subdirectory in the Disk1 directory of the
Enterprise Manager software.
Note:
There is a classpath variable that the installation wizard computes for
OPatch as ../stage/Components/, and when the TEMP variable is set
to /tmp, the installation wizard tries to look for the opatch JAR file in
the /tmp/../stage directory, which is equivalent to /stage. However,
if you do not have read and write permission on /stage, then the
installation wizard can hang. Under such circumstances, verify if you
have read and write access to the /stage directory. If you do not have,
then set the TEMP variable to a location where the install user has
access to, and then relaunch the installation wizard.
4.4.2.1.1 Editing the software_only.rsp Response File for Installing the Enterprise Manager 12c
Release 5 (12.1.0.5) Software Using the Software-Only Method in Silent Mode i
Table 4–2 describes what variables you must edit and how you must edit them in the
software_only.rsp response file for installing the software binaries.
Table 4–2 Editing the software_only.rsp Response File for Installing the Enterprise
Manager 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5) Software Using the Software-Only Method in Silent
Mode
Parameter
Data Type
Double
Quote
Required for
Values?
Description
UNIX_
GROUP_
NAME
String
Yes
(Required only when central inventory does not
exist) Enter the name of the UNIX group you
belong to.
For example, "dba".
Note: This parameter is supported only on
UNIX platforms, and not on Microsoft
Windows platforms.
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Table 4–2 (Cont.) Editing the software_only.rsp Response File for Installing the
Enterprise Manager 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5) Software Using the Software-Only Method in
Silent Mode
Parameter
Data Type
INVENTORY_ String
LOCATION
Double
Quote
Required for
Values?
Description
Yes
(Required only when central inventory does not
exist) Enter the absolute path to the Central
Inventory. Ensure that you have read, write, and
execute permissions on the default inventory
directory.
For example,
"/scratch/oracle/oraInventory".
Note: This parameter is supported only on
UNIX platforms, and not on Microsoft
Windows platforms.
SECURITY_
UPDATES_
VIA_
MYORACLES
UPPORT
Boolean
No
■
Enter TRUE if you want to download and
install security updates. Then, enter the
credentials for the following variables in
double quotes:
MYORACLESUPPORT_USERNAME
MYORACLESUPPORT_PASSWORD
■
DECLINE_
SECURITY_
UPDATES
Boolean
No
■
■
INSTALL_
UPDATES_
SELECTION
String
Yes
Enter FALSE if you do not want to
download and install security updates:
Enter TRUE if you want to decline the
security updates. In this case, you should
have entered False for SECURITY_UPDATES_
VIA_MYORACLESUPPORT.
Enter FALSE if you do not want to decline
the security updates. In this case, you
should have entered TRUE for SECURITY_
UPDATES_VIA_MYORACLESUPPORT.
By default, this variable is set to "skip"
indicating that the software updates will not be
installed during installation.
■
If you want to install the software updates
from My Oracle Support, then set this
variable to "download". Then, enter the
credentials for the following parameters in
double quotes.
MYORACLESUPPORT_USERNAME_FOR_
SOFTWAREUPDATES
MYORACLESUPPORT_PASSWORD_FOR_
SOFTWAREUPDATES
■
If you want to install the software updates
from a staged location, then set this
variable to "staged". Then, for the STAGE_
LOCATION parameter, enter the absolute
path, which leads to the Updates directory
where the software updates are available,
in double quotes.
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
4-33
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
Table 4–2 (Cont.) Editing the software_only.rsp Response File for Installing the
Enterprise Manager 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5) Software Using the Software-Only Method in
Silent Mode
Parameter
Data Type
Double
Quote
Required for
Values?
Description
ORACLE_
MIDDLEWAR
E_HOME_
LOCATION
String
Yes
Enter the location where you want the installer
to install Oracle WebLogic Server 11g Release 1
(10.3.6) and Java Development Kit 1.6.0.43.0.
For example, "/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware".
Ensure that the middleware location has write
permission to create the OMS home.
If you have already installed them manually,
then enter the location where you have installed
them. Also make sure you have applied the
patches 14482558, 13349651, 16080294, and
16888501 on it. Without these patches, the
additional OMS installation will fail.
For instructions to apply these patches, see the
following URL:
http://docs.oracle.com/cd/E14759_
01/doc.32/e14143/intro.htm#CHDCAJFC
For more information about Oracle Middleware
home, see Section 2.3.2.
Note: Ensure that the Middleware home you
enter here is used only for Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control. Ensure that no other Oracle
Fusion Middleware products or components are
installed in the same Middleware home.
Note: Ensure that the number of characters in
the middleware home path does not exceed 70
characters for Unix platforms and 25 characters
for Microsoft Windows platforms.
For example, the middleware home path
C:\Oracle\MW\EM containing only 15 characters
is acceptable. However,
C:\OracleSoftware\OracleMiddleware\Oracle
EnterpriseManager\OMS\newrelease\oms
containing more than 25 characters is not
acceptable for Microsoft Windows platforms.
4-34 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
Table 4–2 (Cont.) Editing the software_only.rsp Response File for Installing the
Enterprise Manager 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5) Software Using the Software-Only Method in
Silent Mode
Parameter
Data Type
Double
Quote
Required for
Values?
Description
AGENT_
BASE_DIR
String
Yes
Enter the absolute path to the agent base
directory, a location outside the Oracle
Middleware home where the Management
Agent can be installed.
For example, "/oracle/agent".
Ensure that this location is empty and has write
permission. Also ensure that it is always
maintained outside the Oracle Middleware
home.
Note: (Only for Microsoft Windows) Ensure that
the number of characters in the agent base
directory path does not exceed 25 characters.
For example, the agent base directory path
C:\Oracle\Agent\ containing only 16
characters is acceptable. However,
C:\Oracle\ManagementAgent\12c\new
containing more than 25 characters is not
acceptable.
ORACLE_
HOSTNAME
String
Yes
Enter a fully qualified domain name that is
registered in the DNS and is accessible from
other network hosts, or enter an alias host name
that is defined in the /etc/hosts file on all the
OMS instances at this site.
The host name must resolve to the local host
because the host name is used for the local
Oracle WebLogic Server as well as the Oracle
Management Service. Do not provide a remote
host or a load balancer virtual host in this field.
Do not enter an IP address. Do not use
underscores in the name. Short names are
allowed, but you will see a warning, so Oracle
recommends that you enter a fully qualified
domain name instead.
If you do not mention the host name, the
installation wizard will proceed further,
honoring the host name it automatically detects
for that host.
4.4.2.2 Running the Root Script
(For UNIX Only) After you install the software binaries of Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control, log in as a root user in a new terminal and run the following scripts:
■
If this is the first Oracle product you just installed on the host, then run the
oraInstroot.sh script from the inventory location specified in the oraInst.loc
file that is available in the Management Agent home.
For example, if the inventory location specified in the oraInst.loc file is
$HOME/oraInventory, then run the following command:
$HOME/oraInventory/oraInstRoot.sh
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
4-35
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
If you are not a root user, then use SUDO to change to a root
user. For example, run the following command:
Note:
/usr/local/bin/sudo $HOME/oraInventory/oraInstRoot.sh
■
Run the allroot.sh script from the OMS home:
$<OMS_HOME>/allroot.sh
If you are not a root user, then use SUDO to change to a root
user. For example, run the following command:
Note:
/usr/local/bin/sudo $<OMS_HOME>/allroot.sh
4.4.2.3 Configuring the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5)
Software Binaries in Silent Mode
To configure the software binaries of Enterprise Manager Cloud Control, follow these
steps:
1.
Copy the following response file to an accessible location on the host where you
copied the software binaries of Enterprise Manager Cloud Control:
<Software_Location>/response/new_install.rsp
In this command, <Software_Location> refers to either the DVD or the location
where you have downloaded software kit.
2.
Edit the response file and enter appropriate values for the variables described in
Table 4–3.
3.
Configure the software binaries by invoking the ConfigureGC.sh script (or
ConfigureGC.bat on Microsoft Windows) passing the response you edited in the
previous step:
$<MIDDLEWARE_HOME>/oms/sysman/install/ConfigureGC.sh -silent
-responseFile <absolute_path>/new_install.rsp [-invPtrLoc <absolute_
path_to_inventory_directory>]
4-36 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
Note:
■
■
■
■
■
■
While installing the software binaries as described in
Section 4.4.2.1, if you had passed the argument -invPtrLoc, then
pass the same argument here as well.
The -invPtrLoc parameter is supported only on UNIX platforms,
and not on Microsoft Windows platforms.
For information about the additional, advanced options you can
pass while invoking the script, refer to Section 4.4.1.3.1.
The only way to configure a software-only installation is to run
the ConfigureGC.sh script (or ConfigureGC.bat on Microsoft
Windows). DO NOT run the individual configuration assistants to
configure a software-only installation. If you want to run the
individual configuration assistants to configure the installation for
some reason, then contact Oracle Support.
If you have already configured a software-only installation (the
Oracle home) using the ConfigureGC.sh script (or
ConfigureGC.bat on Microsoft Windows), then DO NOT try to
reconfigure it—either using the script or using the individual
configuration assistants.
If you connect to a database instance that was created using the
database template offered by Oracle, then you will be prompted
that the database parameters need to be modified to suit the
deployment size you selected. This is because the templates are
essentially designed for simple installation, and the database
parameters are set as required for simple installation. Since it is
used for advanced installation, the parameters must be set to
different values. You can confirm the message to proceed further.
The installation wizard will automatically set the parameters to
the required values.
Note:
■
■
■
If a prerequisite check fails reporting a missing package, then
make sure you install the required package, and retry the
installation. The installer validates the package name as well as
the version, so make sure you install the packages of the
minimum versions mentioned in Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control Basic Installation Guide. To understand the logic the
installer uses to verify these packages, see Oracle Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.
If any repository-related prerequisite check fails, then run the
check manually. For instructions, see the appendix on EM
Prerequisite Kit in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic
Installation Guide.
If a configuration assistant fails, the installer stops and none of the
subsequent configuration assistants are run. Resolve the issue and
rerun the configuration assistant. For more information, see
Appendix J.
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
4-37
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
4.4.2.3.1 Editing the new_install.rsp Response File for Configuring the Enterprise Manager 12c
Release 5 (12.1.0.5) Software Using the Software-Only Method in Silent Mode
Table 4–3 describes what variables you must edit and how you must edit them in the
new_install.rsp file for configuring the software binaries.
Table 4–3 Editing the new_install.rsp Response File for Configuring the Enterprise
Manager 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5) Software Using the Software-Only Method in Silent
Mode
Parameter
Data Type
Double Quotes
Required for
Value?
WLS_ADMIN_
SERVER_
USERNAME
String
Yes
By default, weblogic is the name
assigned to the default user account
that is created for the Oracle WebLogic
Domain. If you want to accept the
default name, then blank. However, if
you want to have a custom name, then
enter the name of your choice.
WLS_ADMIN_
SERVER_
PASSWORD
String
Yes
Enter a password for the WebLogic
user account.
WLS_ADMIN_
SERVER_
CONFIRM_
PASSWORD
String
Yes
Confirm the password for the
WebLogic user account.
NODE_
MANAGER_
PASSWORD
String
Yes
By default, nodemanager is the name
assigned to the default user account
that is created for the node manager.
Enter a password for this node
manager user account.
Description
Ensure that your password contains at
least 8 characters without any spaces,
begins with a letter, and includes at
least one numeric value.
Ensure that your password contains at
least 8 characters without any spaces,
begins with a letter, and includes at
least one numeric value.
NODE_
MANAGER_
CONFIRM_
PASSWORD
String
Yes
Confirm the password for the node
manager user account.
ORACLE_
INSTANCE_
HOME_
LOCATION
String
Yes
By default, gc_inst is considered as
the OMS Instance Base directory for
storing all OMS-related configuration
files. Enter the absolute path to a
location outside the middleware home
leading up to the directory name.
For more information about this
location, see Section 2.3.3.
4-38 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
Table 4–3 (Cont.) Editing the new_install.rsp Response File for Configuring the
Enterprise Manager 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5) Software Using the Software-Only Method in
Silent Mode
Parameter
Data Type
Double Quotes
Required for
Value?
CONFIGURE_
ORACLE_
SOFTWARE_
LIBRARY
Boolean
No
Description
If you want to configure the Software
Library at the time of installation, set
this parameter to TRUE. Otherwise, set
it to FALSE.
Even if you do not configure it at the
time of installation, your installation
will succeed, and you can always
configure it later from the Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control Console.
However, Oracle recommends that
you configure it at the time of
installation so that it is automatically
configured by the installer, thus saving
your time and effort.
SOFTWARE_
LIBRARY_
LOCATION
String
Yes
If you have set CONFIGURE_ORACLE_
SOFTWARE_LIBRARY to TRUE, then enter
the absolute path leading up to a
unique directory name on the OMS
host where the Software Library can
be configured. Ensure that the location
you enter is a mounted location on the
OMS host, and is placed outside the
Middleware Home. Also ensure that
the OMS process owner has
read/write access to that location.
Configuring on a mounted location
helps when you install additional
OMS instances as they will require
read/write access to the same OMS
Shared File System storage location.
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
4-39
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
Table 4–3 (Cont.) Editing the new_install.rsp Response File for Configuring the
Enterprise Manager 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5) Software Using the Software-Only Method in
Silent Mode
Parameter
Data Type
Double Quotes
Required for
Value?
DATABASE_
HOSTNAME
String
Yes
Description
Enter the fully qualified name of the
host where the existing database
resides. Ensure that the host name
does not have underscores.
For example, "example.com".
If you have already created a database
instance with a preconfigured
Management Repository using the
database templates offered by Oracle,
then provide details about that
database instance.
If you are connecting to an Oracle
RAC Database, and if the nodes have
virtual host names, then enter the
virtual host name of one of its nodes.
The connection to the database is
established with a connect string that
is formed using only this virtual host
name, and the installation ends
successfully.
However, if you want to update the
connect string with other nodes of the
cluster, then after the installation, run
the following command:
$<OMS_HOME>/bin/emctl config oms
-store_repos_details -repos_
conndesc "(DESCRIPTION= (ADDRESS_
LIST=(FAILOVER=ON)
(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=node
1-vip.example.com)(PORT=1521))
(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=node
2-vip.example.com)(PORT=1521)))
(CONNECT_DATA=(SERVICE_
NAME=EMREP)))" -repos_user sysman
If your Oracle RAC database 11.2 or
higher is configured with Single Client
Access Name (SCAN) listener, then
you can enter a connection string
using the SCAN listener.
Note: If you connect to a database
instance that was created using the
database template offered by Oracle,
then note that the password assigned
to the user accounts SYSMAN_MDS,
SYSMAN_APM, and SYSMAN_OPSS,
which were created while
preconfiguring the Management
Repository, are automatically reset
with the SYSMAN password you enter
for the SYSMAN_PASSWORD parameter.
LISTENER_PORT String
Yes
Enter the listener port to connect to the
existing database.
For example, "1521".
4-40 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
Table 4–3 (Cont.) Editing the new_install.rsp Response File for Configuring the
Enterprise Manager 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5) Software Using the Software-Only Method in
Silent Mode
Parameter
Data Type
Double Quotes
Required for
Value?
SERVICENAME_
OR_SID
String
Yes
Description
Enter the service name or the system
ID (SID) of the existing database.
For example, "orcl".
SYS_PASSWORD
String
Yes
Enter the SYS user account's
password.
SYSMAN_
PASSWORD
String
Yes
Enter a password for creating a
SYSMAN user account. This password
is used to create the SYSMAN user,
which is the primary owner of the
Management Repository schema.
Ensure that your password contains at
least 8 characters without any spaces,
begins with a letter, and includes at
least one numeric value.
Note: If you connect to a database
instance that was created using the
database template offered by Oracle,
then note that the password assigned
to the user accounts SYSMAN_MDS,
SYSMAN_APM, and SYSMAN_OPSS,
which were created while
preconfiguring the Management
Repository, are automatically reset
with the SYSMAN password you enter
for this parameter.
SYSMAN_
CONFIRM_
PASSWORD
String
Yes
Confirm the SYSMAN user account’s
password.
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
4-41
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
Table 4–3 (Cont.) Editing the new_install.rsp Response File for Configuring the
Enterprise Manager 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5) Software Using the Software-Only Method in
Silent Mode
Parameter
Data Type
Double Quotes
Required for
Value?
DEPLOYMENT_
SIZE
String
Yes
Description
Set one of the following values to
indicate the number of targets you
plan to monitor, the number of
Management Agents you plan to have,
and the number of concurrent user
sessions you plan to have.
■
■
■
SMALL, to monitor up to 999
targets, with up to 99
Management Agents and up to 10
concurrent user sessions
MEDIUM, to monitor about 1000
to 9999 targets, with about 100 to
999 Management Agents and
about 10 to 24 concurrent user
sessions
LARGE, to monitor 10,000 or
more targets, with 1000 or more
Management Agents, and with
about 25 to 50 concurrent user
sessions.
For example, "MEDIUM".
If the database you are connecting to is
a database instance created with a
preconfigured Management
Repository using the database
templates offered by Oracle, then
make sure the deployment size you set
here matches with the deployment size
you selected on the Step 2 of 12:
Database Templates screen of Oracle
Database Configuration Assistant
(DBCA) while creating the database
instance.
If you want to select a deployment size
different from the deployment size
you had selected while creating the
database instance using DBCA, then
do one of the following:
■
Create another database instance
with a template for the desired
deployment size, then return to
this response file and set the same
deployment size to this
parameter. For instructions to
create a database instance with an
Oracle-supplied template, see
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control Basic Installation Guide.
In the database instance you have
created, fix the parameters to
support the deployment size you
want to set here in the response
file. To automatically fix the
database parameters using
Oracle-supplied SQL scripts, see
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control Basic Installation Guide.
4-42 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
■
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
Table 4–3 (Cont.) Editing the new_install.rsp Response File for Configuring the
Enterprise Manager 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5) Software Using the Software-Only Method in
Silent Mode
Parameter
Data Type
MANAGEMENT_ String
TABLESPACE_
LOCATION
Double Quotes
Required for
Value?
Yes
Description
Enter the absolute path to the location
where the data file for management
tablespace (mgmt.dbf) can be stored.
Ensure that the specified path leads up
to the file name.
For example:
■
■
■
If the database is on a file system,
then the path must look like
"/u01/oracle/prod/oradata/mgm
t.dbf".
If the database is on Automatic
Storage Management (ASM), then
the path must look like "+<disk_
group1>/prod/oradata/mgmt.dbf
", where disk_group1 is a
diskgroup created on ASM and
prod is the Service ID (SID).
If the database is on a raw device,
then the path must look like
"</dev/raw1>/prod/oradata/mgm
t.dbf", where /dev/raw1 is the
raw device and prod is the SID.
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
requires this data file to store
information about the monitored
targets, their metrics, and so on.
Essentially, everything else other than
configuration data, software library
data, and audit data.
CONFIGURATIO
N_DATA_
TABLESPACE_
LOCATION
String
Yes
Enter the absolute path to the location
where the data file for configuration
data tablespace (mgmt_ecm_
depot1.dbf) can be stored. Ensure that
the specified path leads up to the file
name.
For example,
"/home/john/oradata/mgmt_ecm_
depot1.dbf".
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
requires this data file to store
configuration information collected
from the monitored targets.
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
4-43
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
Table 4–3 (Cont.) Editing the new_install.rsp Response File for Configuring the
Enterprise Manager 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5) Software Using the Software-Only Method in
Silent Mode
Parameter
Data Type
Double Quotes
Required for
Value?
JVM_
DIAGNOSTICS_
TABLESPACE_
LOCATION
String
Yes
Description
Enter the absolute path to a location
where the data file for JVM
Diagnostics data tablespace (mgmt_
deepdive.dbf) can be stored. Ensure
that the specified path leads up to the
file name.
For example,
"/home/john/oradata/mgmt_
deepdive.dbf".
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
requires this data file to store
monitoring data related to JVM
Diagnostics and Application
Dependency Performance (ADP).
String
AGENT_
REGISTRATION_
PASSWORD
Yes
Enter a password to secure the
communication between the OMS and
the Management Agents. Note that
you have to provide the same
registration password for securing
your Management Agents.
AGENT_
String
REGISTRATION_
CONFIRM_
PASSWORD
Yes
Confirm the agent registration
password.
STATIC_PORTS_
FILE
Yes
By default, ports described in
Section 2.1.10 are honored. If you want
to accept the default ports, then leave
this field blank.
String
If you want to use custom ports, then
enter the absolute path to the
staticports.ini file that lists the
custom ports to be used for the
installation.
4-44 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
Table 4–3 (Cont.) Editing the new_install.rsp Response File for Configuring the
Enterprise Manager 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5) Software Using the Software-Only Method in
Silent Mode
Parameter
PLUGIN_
SELECTION
Data Type
Double Quotes
Required for
Value?
Description
By default, mandatory plug-ins such
as Oracle Database Management
Plug-In, Oracle Fusion Middleware
Management Plug-In, Oracle My
Oracle Support Management Plug-In,
and Oracle Exadata Management
Plug-In get automatically installed
with the Enterprise Manager system.
However, if you want to install any of
the other optional plug-ins that are
available in the software kit (DVD or
downloaded software), then enter the
plug-in IDs for this variable.
For example,
PLUGIN_
SELECTION={"oracle.sysman.empa","
oracle.sysman.vt"}
If you want to install any plug-in that
is not available in the software kit,
then do the following:
1.
Manually download the plug-ins
from the Enterprise Manager
download page on OTN, and
store them in an accessible
location:
http://www.oracle.com/technet
work/oem/grid-control/downloa
ds/oem-upgrade-console-502238
.html
2.
Update this variable (PLUGIN_
SELECTION) to the names of
those plug-ins you downloaded.
3.
Invoke the installer with the
following option, and pass the
location where you downloaded
the plug-ins:
./runInstaller
-pluginLocation <absolute_
path_to_plugin_software_
location>
4.4.2.4 Performing Postconfiguration Tasks After Configuring the Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5) Software Binaries in Silent Mode
Perform the post-install steps as described in the chapter on installing Enterprise
Manager system that is available in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic
Installation Guide.
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
4-45
Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method
4-46 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Part III
Part III
Installing Additional Oracle Management
Service
This part contains the following chapters:
■
Chapter 5, "Installing Additional Oracle Management Services in Silent Mode"
5
Installing Additional Oracle Management
Services in Silent Mode
5
Oracle recommends you to use the Add Management Service deployment procedure
to install an additional Oracle Management Service (OMS). The Add Management
Service deployment procedure offers a GUI-rich, interactive way of installing an
additional OMS. For instructions, refer to Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic
Installation Guide.
However, if you have any security restrictions or audit demands in your environment,
or if you are not permitted to use Oracle credentials to log in over the network for
installation, then follow these steps to manually install an additional OMS in silent,
non-interactive mode.
WARNING: Do not install Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c
on servers of SPARC series: T1000, T2000, T5xx0, and T3-*. For more
information, see My Oracle Support note 1590556.1.
1.
If Oracle Software Library (Software Library) is configured on the main OMS,
which comes with Enterprise Manager Cloud Control, then do the following:
■
■
On Unix Platforms: Ensure that Software Library is read-write accessible from
the remote host where you plan to install the additional OMS.
On Microsoft Windows Platforms: If you do not have an option to share or
mount the Software Library, then copy the Software library from the main,
source OMS host to the destination host where you plan to install the
additional OMS.
In this procedure, for easy understanding, the OMS that comes with Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control is referred to as the first OMS, and the additional OMS
you install is referred to as the additional OMS.
2.
On the remote host, perform a software-only installation of the additional OMS as
described in Section 4.4.1.
Installing Additional Oracle Management Services in Silent Mode
5-1
Note:
■
■
■
3.
Ensure that you install the software binaries as the same user as
the one used for installing the first OMS. You must be able to
access the Software Library files.
Ensure that you install the software binaries in the same
middleware location as that of the first OMS.
At the end of the software-only installation, do NOT run the
ConfigureGC.sh (for Unix platforms) or ConfigureGC.bat script
(for Microsoft Windows) as prompted by the installer. That file
must be run only when you are performing a fresh installation.
Deploy the plug-ins:
■
In GUI Mode (using the installer screen)
Invoke the PluginInstall.sh script from the following location:
$<OMS_HOME>/sysman/install/PluginInstall.sh
On the Plug-In Deployment screen, select the optional plug-ins you want to
install.
The screen displays only those plug-ins that were available in the software kit
(DVD, downloaded software) you used in the previous step for installing the
software binaries.
The pre-selected rows on this screen are mandatory plug-ins that will be
installed by default. Select the optional ones you want to install.
■
In Silent Mode (command line):
Invoke the PluginInstall.sh script from the following location:
$<OMS_HOME>/sysman/install/PluginInstall.sh -silent PLUGIN_
SELECTION="{PLUGIN_ID1,PLUGIN_ID2}"
For example,
$<OMS_HOME>/sysman/install/PluginInstall.sh -silent PLUGIN_
SELECTION="{oracle.sysman.emfa,oracle.sysman.vt}"
5-2 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Note:
■
■
On Microsoft Windows, run PluginInstall.bat.
Ensure that you select the same set of plug-ins as the ones on the source
OMS (or first OMS).
To identify the plug-ins installed on the source OMS (or first OMS), follow
these steps:
1.
Connect to the Management Repository and run the
following SQL query to retrieve a list of plug-ins
installed:
SELECT epv.plugin_id, epv.version, epv.rev_
version FROM em_plugin_version epv, em_
current_deployed_plugin ecp WHERE epv.plugin_
type NOT IN ('BUILT_IN_TARGET_TYPE',
'INSTALL_HOME') AND ecp.dest_type='2' AND
epv.plugin_version_id = ecp.plugin_version_id
2.
■
Make a note of the additional plug-ins you installed.
To install the additional plug-ins that are installed on the source OMS (or
first OMS), or to install any additional plug-ins that are not in the software
kit you used for installing the binaries, follow these steps:
1.
Manually download the plug-ins from the
Enterprise Manager Download page on OTN, and
store them in an accessible location.
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/oem/grid-co
ntrol/downloads/oem-upgrade-console-502238.ht
ml
2.
Invoke the script with the following option, and pass
the location where the plug-ins you want to install
are available:
In GUI Mode (using the installer screen):
$<OMS_HOME>/sysman/install/PluginInstall.sh
-pluginLocation <absolute_path_to_plugin_
software_location>
The Plug-In Deployment screen displays a list of
plug-ins that were available in the software kit as
well as the downloaded plug-ins available in this
custom location. You can choose the ones you want
to install.
In Silent Mode (command line):
$<OMS_HOME>/sysman/install/PluginInstall.sh
-silent PLUGIN_SELECTION="{PLUGIN_ID1,PLUGIN_
ID2}"-pluginLocation <absolute_path_to_
plugin_software_location>
4.
On the additional OMS, apply all the patches you applied on the first OMS so that
both OMS instances are identical and are in sync. Patches include patches that
Installing Additional Oracle Management Services in Silent Mode
5-3
modified the Enterprise Manager system, the Software Library, the OMS files, the
Management Repository, and so on.
To identify the patches you applied on the first OMS, run the following commands
from the platform home:
$<Platform Home>/OPatch/opatchauto lspatches
This command displays the installed patches and Oracle home relationships. Map
the installed patches to the patch .zip files on My Oracle Support site
(https://support.oracle.com/). Download the files and unzip the archives on
the additional OMSs. If patches are already available in the file system or a shared
area, reuse those patches to apply it on other OMSs.
For more details on installed patches in the platform, and
Plug-in homes, run the command $ORACLE_HOME/OPatch/opatch
lsinventory -details -oh <desired home path>.
Note:
To apply the patches, run the following commands:
■
For each system patch:
<Platform Home>/OPatch/opatchauto apply <patch location> -bitonly
-oh <Platform Home> -invPtrLoc <Platform Home>/oraInst.loc
<Platform Home>/OPatch/opatchauto commit -id 17513525 -oh <Platform
Home> -invPtrLoc <Platform Home>/oraInst.loc
A patch is a system patch if it has a <system patch
location>/bundle.xml file. The system patch ID is the top level
directory patch ID number. This ID is also available in the <System
patch location>/bundle.xml file. For example, <system_patch_
bundle_xml type_version="2.0" bundle_type="ENGSYSTEM" patch_
abstract="sample System Patch description" patch_
id="1111115"> clearly indicates the patch ID as 1111115.
Note:
■
For each one-off patch specifically for the platform homes:
<Platform Home>/OPatch/opatch napply <one-off location>
<Platform Home> -invPtrLoc <Platform Home>/oraInst.loc
5.
-oh
Export the configuration details from the first OMS. To do so, run the following
command from the Oracle home of the first OMS, and pass the location where the
configuration details can be exported as a file.
$<OMS_HOME>/bin/emctl exportconfig oms -dir <absolute_path_to_
directory>
6.
Copy the exported configuration details file from the first OMS host to the
additional OMS host.
7.
If the additional OMS is being installed using an alias host name, then set the
ORACLE_HOSTNAME environment variable to the alias host name.
8.
Recover the configuration details onto the additional OMS. To do so, run the
following command from the Oracle home of the additional OMS:
$<OMS_HOME>/bin/omsca recover -ms -backup_file <absolute_path_to_the_
file_copied_in_step4> [-AS_HTTPS_PORT <port> -MSPORT <port> -MS_HTTPS_
5-4 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
PORT <port> -EM_NODEMGR_PORT <port> -EM_UPLOAD_PORT <port> -EM_UPLOAD_
HTTPS_PORT <port> -EM_CONSOLE_PORT <port> -EM_CONSOLE_HTTPS_PORT <port>
-config_home <absolute_path_to_instance_dir> -EM_INSTANCE_HOST <second_
oms_host_name>] -EM_BIP_PORT <port> -EM_BIP_HTTPS_PORT <port>
For example,
$<OMS_HOME>/bin/omsca recover -ms -backup_file
/opt/oracle/product/backup/opf_ADMIN_20120504_031016.bka -AS_HTTPS_PORT
7101 -MSPORT 7202 -MS_HTTPS_PORT 7301 -EM_NODEMGR_PORT 7403 -EM_UPLOAD_
PORT 4889 -EM_UPLOAD_HTTPS_PORT 4900 -EM_CONSOLE_PORT 7788 -EM_CONSOLE_
HTTPS_PORT 7799 -config_home /opt/oracle/product/omsmdw/gc_inst -EM_
BIP_PORT 9701 -EM_BIP_HTTPS_PORT 9702 -EM_INSTANCE_HOST example.com
If the additional OMS is being installed using an alias host
name, then set the EM_INSTANCE_HOST parameter to the alias host name
that is defined in the /etc/hosts file on all the OMS instances at this
site.
Note:
9.
(Applicable only if you do not already have a Management Agent on the host) Configure
the Management Agent on the additional OMS host by running the following
command from the OMS home:
$<AGENT_HOME>/sysman/install/agentDeploy.sh AGENT_BASE_DIR=<middleware_
home>/agent OMS_HOST=<oms_host_name> EM_UPLOAD_PORT=<oms_port> AGENT_
REGISTRATION_PASSWORD=<password> -configOnly
Note:
■
■
If you have a Server Load Balancer (SLB) configured, then directly
enter the host name and the port number of the SLB for the OMS_
HOST and EM_UPLOAD_PORT parameters. If an SLB is not configured,
then enter the host name and the secure upload port of the first
OMS for the OMS_HOST and EM_UPLOAD_PORT parameters.
If the additional OMS is being installed using an alias host name,
then add the ORACLE_HOSTNAME=<alias host name> parameter to
the command and set the parameter to the alias host name that is
defined in the /etc/hosts file on all the OMS instances at this site.
10. Deploy the required plug-ins on the Management Agent.
For information about deploying plug-ins, refer to the section Deploying Plug-Ins
on Oracle Management Agent in the chapter Managing Plug-Ins, in the Oracle
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Administrator's Guide.
11. Import the trusted certificate on the additional OMS host, where you configured
the Management Agent as described in Step (8). When prompted for a password,
enter welcome.
$<AGENT_HOME>/bin/emctl secure add_trust_cert_to_jks
12. Review and perform the applicable steps outlined in the postinstallation tasks
section of Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.
13. Manually discover the Oracle WebLogic Server target.
Installing Additional Oracle Management Services in Silent Mode
5-5
a.
Ensure that both the first and the additional OMS instances are up and
running.
b.
In the Cloud Control console, from the Targets menu, select All Targets.
c.
On the All Targets page, search and click /EMGC_GCDomain/GCDomain/.
d.
On the EMGC_GCDomain home page, from the WebLogic Domain menu,
select Refresh WebLogic Domain.
e.
On the Refresh WebLogic Domain page, click Add / Update Targets, and
follow the steps guided by the wizard.
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control refreshes the WebLogic Domain and
discovers the second managed server on the additional OMS host.
For information about discovering the other targets, refer to the chapter Adding
Targets in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Administrator's Guide.
For configuring the shared Oracle Software Library location and the Server Load
Balancer, refer to Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Administrator's Guide.
5-6 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Part IV
Part IV
Installing Oracle Management Agent
This part describes the different ways of installing Oracle Management Agent. In
particular, this part contains the following chapters:
■
Chapter 6, "Installing Oracle Management Agent in Silent Mode"
■
Chapter 7, "Cloning Oracle Management Agents"
■
Chapter 8, "Installing Shared Agents"
■
Chapter 9, "Installing the Oracle Management Agent Software Now and
Configuring It Later"
6
Installing Oracle Management Agent in Silent
Mode
6
This chapter describes how you can install Oracle Management Agent (Management
Agent) in silent mode. In particular, this chapter covers the following:
■
Overview of Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
■
Before You Begin Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
■
Prerequisites for Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
■
Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
■
After Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
6.1 Overview of Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
Installing a Management Agent in silent mode is only an alternative to installing it
using the Add Host Targets Wizard. While the Add Host Targets Wizard requires you
to use its GUI-rich interview screens for providing all installation details, the silent
mode requires you to use a response file for providing installation details and
deployment scripts to install Management Agents on hosts.
Installing in silent mode is useful when you want to install an additional Management
Agent on a destination host from the destination host itself, without using the Add
Host Targets Wizard.
You can install Management Agents in silent mode using the following methods:
Using the AgentPull Script
In this method, you do not have to use EM CLI to download the Management Agent
software onto the remote destination host before executing the script to install the
Management Agent. This method supports only a few additional parameters, and is
ideal for a basic Management Agent install.
Using the agentDeploy Script
In this method, you must use EM CLI to download the Management Agent software
onto the remote destination host before executing the script to install the Management
Agent. You can either choose to use EM CLI from the OMS host, or from the remote
destination host. If you choose to use EM CLI from the OMS host, you must transfer
the downloaded Management Agent software to the remote destination host before
executing the script to install the Management Agent. This method supports many
additional parameters, and is ideal for a customized Management Agent install.
Using the RPM File
Installing Oracle Management Agent in Silent Mode 6-1
Before You Begin Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
In this method, you obtain the .rpm file using EM CLI on the OMS host, then transfer
the file to the remote destination host before running the file to install the Management
Agent. Using the .rpm file, you can also choose to install a Management Agent while
provisioning an operating system on a bare metal host. For more information, see the
Oracle Enterprise Manager Administrator's Guide for Software and Server Provisioning and
Patching. This guide is available in the Enterprise Manager documentation library at:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/indexes/documentation/index.html
Note:
■
■
The Management Agent .rpm file can be obtained using EM CLI
only for Linux x86 and Linux x86-64 platforms.
For Enterprise Manager 12c (12.1.0.x), installing a Management
Agent by downloading the Management Agent .rpm file from
Oracle Technology Network (OTN) is not supported.
Once the installation is complete, you will see the following default contents in the
agent base directory:
<agent_base_directory>
|_____core
|_____12.1.0.5.0
|_____plugins
|_____plugins.txt
|_____plugins.txt.status
|_____agent_inst
|_____sbin
|_____agentimage.properties
Note:
■
You can repoint your existing Management Agents to a new
Oracle Management Service (OMS). For information on how to do
this, see the Redirecting Oracle Management Agent to Another
Oracle Management Service Appendix present in Oracle Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation Guide.
When you repoint your existing Management Agents to a new
OMS, you cannot move the targets monitored by the Management
Agents, the target history, and the Management Agent history.
The monitored targets and the history data is lost.
■
(For Microsoft Windows hosts) If you upgrade a 12.1.0.x
Management Agent and you want to install another Management
Agent on the same host, which points to a different OMS, ensure
that you specify the s_agentSrvcName parameter while installing
the Management Agent, as described in Section 6.4.6.
6.2 Before You Begin Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
Before you begin installing a Management Agent in silent mode, keep these points in
mind:
■
You can install a Management Agent on only one host at a time by using the silent
methods. Therefore, use this approach when you want to install a Management
Agent on only a few hosts.
6-2 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Before You Begin Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
■
The Management Agent software for the platform of the host on which you want
to install a Management Agent must be downloaded and applied, using Self
Update. Only the Management Agent software for the OMS host platform is
downloaded and applied by default. The Management Agent software contains
the core binaries required for installation, the response file to be edited and
passed, and the agentDeploy.sh script (agentDeploy.bat for Microsoft Windows).
For information on how to download and apply the Management Agent software
for a platform using Self Update, see Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic
Installation Guide.
■
In Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5.0), you can save the
Management Agent one-off patches that you want to apply on a particular version
of the Management Agent software, such that these patches are automatically
applied on the software whenever a new Management Agent of the same version
is deployed, or an old Management Agent is upgraded to that version.
For information on how to do this, see Appendix D.
Also, you can apply one-off patches on a plug-in and create a custom patched
plug-in, such that this custom patched plug-in is deployed on all the new
Management Agents that you deploy, and all the old Management Agents that
you upgrade.
For information on how to do this, see Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Administration Guide.
■
■
■
■
■
From Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5), parallel
deployment of Management Agents using the AgentPull.sh script
(AgentPull.bat for Microsoft Windows) is supported. This enables you to deploy
Management Agents on multiple hosts, at the same time (in a parallel manner),
using the AgentPull.sh or AgentPull.bat script.
If you want to install a Management Agent on a Microsoft Windows host in silent
mode, ensure that you execute the AgentPull.bat or agentDeploy.bat script from
the default command prompt, which is cmd.exe, and not from any other
command prompt.
You cannot run any preinstallation or postinstallation scripts as part of the
installation process. You can run them manually before or after the installation.
By default, installing a Management Agent in silent mode configures only the
following types of plug-ins:
–
All discovery plug-ins that were configured with the OMS from where the
Management Agent software is being deployed.
–
Oracle Home discovery plug-in
–
Oracle Home monitoring plug-in
Upgrading a lower release of Solaris by applying a kernel patch or a patch bundle
is not equivalent to installing the actual Solaris 5.10 Update 9 image. Oracle
Management Agent 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5) was built, tested, and certified on a
minimum update version of Solaris 5.10 Update 9, so Oracle recommends that you
install Oracle Management Agent only on Solaris 5.10 Update 9, and not on any
release that was upgraded using patches.
Installing Oracle Management Agent in Silent Mode 6-3
Prerequisites for Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
6.3 Prerequisites for Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
Before installing a Management Agent in silent mode, ensure that you meet the
following prerequisites:
Table 6–1
Prerequisites for Installing Oracle Management Agent in Silent Mode
Requirement
Description
Hardware
Requirements
Ensure that you meet the hard disk space and physical memory
requirements. For more information, see the chapter on hardware
requirements in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic
Installation Guide.
Operating System
Requirements
Ensure that you install the Management Agent only on certified
operating systems as mentioned in the Enterprise Manager
certification matrix available on My Oracle Support.
To access the Enterprise Manager certification matrix, follow the steps
outlined in Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation
Guide.
For information about platforms receiving future support, refer to My
Oracle Support note 793512.1.
File System
Requirements
File Descriptor
Requirements
Ensure that the file system mounted on the destination host does not
permit buffered writes.
■
Ensure that the maximum user process limit is set to 13312 or
greater.
To verify the current value set, run the following command:
ulimit -u
If the current value is not 13312 or greater, then contact your
system administrator to set it to at least 13312.
■
Ensure that you set the soft limit of file descriptor to a minimum
of 4096 and hard limit less then or equal to 16384.
To verify the current value set, run the following commands:
For Soft Limit:
/bin/sh -c "ulimit -n"
For Hard Limit:
/bin/sh -c "ulimit -Hn"
If the current value is not 4096 or greater, then as a root user,
update the /etc/security/limits.conf file with the following
entries:
<UID> soft nofile 4096
<UID> hard nofile 16384
Package Requirements
Ensure that you install all the operating system-specific packages. For
more information, see the chapter on package requirements in the
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.
If you choose to install a Management Agent using a .rpm file, ensure
that the rpm-build package is installed on the host. To verify this, run
the following command:
rpm -qa | grep rpm-build
cURL Utility
Requirements
(For installing using
the AgentPull script
only)
Ensure that you install the cURL utility on the destination host.
You can download the cURL utility from the following URL:
http://curl.haxx.se/dlwiz/?type=bin
Note: For destination hosts running on Microsoft Windows, Oracle
recommends that you install cURL in c:\.
6-4 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Prerequisites for Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
Table 6–1 (Cont.) Prerequisites for Installing Oracle Management Agent in Silent Mode
Requirement
Description
ZIP and UNZIP Utility Ensure that the ZIP and the UNZIP utilities are present on the
Requirements
destination host.
The ZIP utility must be of version 3.0 2008 build or higher.
The UNZIP utility must be of version 6.0 or higher.
User and Operating
System Group
Requirement
Ensure that the destination host where you want to install the
Management Agent has the appropriate users and operating system
groups created.
For more information, see the chapter on creating operating system
groups and users in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic
Installation Guide.
Note: If your enterprise has a policy against installing Management
Agents using the OMS install operating system user account, you can
use a different operating system user account to install Management
Agents. However, ensure that the user account you use and the OMS
install user account belong to the same primary group.
/etc/hosts File
Requirements
Ensure that the /etc/hosts file on the host has the IP address, the
fully qualified name, and the short name in the following format:
172.16.0.0 example.com mypc
Time Zone
Requirements
Ensure that the host time zone has been set correctly. To verify the
host time zone, run the following command:
echo $TZ
If the time zone displayed is incorrect, run the following commands,
before running the agentDeploy.sh or agentDeploy.bat scripts, to set
the correct time zone:
■
For Korn shell:
TZ=<value>
export TZ
■
For Bourne shell or Bash shell:
export TZ=<value>
■
For C shell:
setenv TZ <value>
For example, in the Bash shell, run the following command to set the
time zone to America/New_York:
export TZ=’America/New_York’
To set the time zone on a destination host that runs on Microsoft
Windows, from the Start menu, select Control Panel. Click Date and
Time, then select the Time Zone tab. Select your time zone from the
displayed drop down list.
To view a list of the time zones you can use, access the
supportedtzs.lst file present in the <AGENT_HOME>/sysman/admin
directory of the central agent (that is, the Management Agent
installed on the OMS host).
Note: If you had ignored a prerequisite check warning about wrong
time zone settings during the Management Agent install, you must
set the correct time zone on the host after installing the Management
Agent. For information on setting time zones post install, refer
Section 6.5.
Installing Oracle Management Agent in Silent Mode 6-5
Prerequisites for Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
Table 6–1 (Cont.) Prerequisites for Installing Oracle Management Agent in Silent Mode
Requirement
Description
PATH Environment
Variable Requirements
Ensure that the location of zip and unzip is part of the PATH
environment variable.
(For installing using
the AgentPull script
only)
For example, if zip and unzip are present in /usr/bin, then /usr/bin
must be part of the PATH environment variable.
Path Validation
Requirements
Validate the path to all command locations. For more information,
refer to the appendix on validating command locations in the Oracle
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.
CLASSPATH
Environment Variable
Requirements
Unset the CLASSPATH environment variable. You can always reset the
variable to the original value after the installation is complete.
Port Requirements
Ensure that the default ports described in Section 2.1.10.1 are free.
Temporary Directory
Space Requirements
Ensure that you allocate 400 MB of space for a temporary directory
where the executables can be copied.
By default, the temporary directory location set to the environment
variable TMP or TEMP is honored. If both are set, then TEMP is
honored. If none of them are set, then the following default values are
honored: /tmp on UNIX hosts and c:\Temp on Microsoft Windows
hosts.
/var/tmp
Requirements
Ensure that the /var/tmp directory has at least 700 MB of free space.
(For installing using
the .rpm file only)
/usr/lib/oracle
Requirements
(For installing using
the .rpm file only)
Agent Base Directory
Requirements
Ensure that the /usr/lib/oracle directory exists and has at least 2
GB of free space. If it does not exist, create it, and ensure that the
install user has write permissions on it.
Ensure the following:
■
■
■
The agent base directory is empty and has at least 1 GB of free
space.
The directory name does not contain any spaces.
The install user owns the agent base directory. The agent base
directory and the parent directories of the agent base directory
have read, write, and execute permissions for the install user.
Ensure that the install user or the root user owns all the parent
directories of the agent base directory, and that the parent
directories have read and execute permissions for the install user
group and all the other users. Also, ensure that the root user
owns the root directory.
For example, if the agent base directory is
/scratch/OracleHomes/agent, and oracle is the install user, then
the /scratch/OracleHomes/agent directory must be owned by
oracle, directories scratch and OracleHomes must be owned by
either oracle or the root user, and the root directory (/) must be
owned by the root user.
■
Agent Instance Home
Requirements
If the agent base directory is mounted, it is mounted with the
setuid option turned on.
Ensure that the agent instance home location you specify in the
response file is empty.
(For installing using
the agentDeploy script
only)
6-6 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Prerequisites for Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
Table 6–1 (Cont.) Prerequisites for Installing Oracle Management Agent in Silent Mode
Requirement
Permission
Requirements
Description
■
■
Installing User
Requirements
Ensure that you have write permission in the agent instance
home.
Ensure that you have write permission in the temporary
directory.
If the central inventory owner and the user installing the
Management Agent are different, then ensure that they are part of the
same group, and have read and write permissions on the inventory
directory.
For example, if the inventory owner is abc and the user installing the
Management Agent is xyz, then ensure that abc and xyz belong to the
same group, and they have read and write access to the inventory.
Central Inventory
(oraInventory)
Requirements
■
■
Ensure that you allocate 100 MB of space on all destination hosts
for the Central Inventory.
Ensure that you have read, write, and execute permissions on
oraInventory on all destination hosts.
If you do not have these permissions on the default inventory
(typically in the location mentioned in the /etc/oraInst.loc
file) on any destination host, then ensure that you enter the path
to an alternative inventory location using the INVENTORY_
LOCATION or -invPtrLoc arguments as described in Table 6–6.
Note that these parameters are supported only on UNIX
platforms, and not on Microsoft Windows platforms.
Agent User Account
(For Microsoft Windows) If you are installing the Management Agent
Permissions and Rights on a Microsoft Windows-based operating system, then ensure that the
agent user account has permissions and rights to perform the
(For installing using
following:
the AgentPull or
agentDeploy scripts
■
Act as part of the operating system.
only)
■
Adjust memory quotas for a process.
■
Replace process level token.
■
Log on as a batch job.
To verify whether the agent user has these rights, follow these steps:
1.
Launch the Local Security Policy.
From the Start menu, click Settings and then select Control
Panel. From the Control Panel window, select Administrative
Tools, and from the Administrative Tools window, select Local
Security Policy.
2.
Permissions for
cmd.exe
(For installing using
the AgentPull or
agentDeploy scripts
only)
In the Local Security Policy window, from the tree structure,
expand Local Policies, and then expand User Rights
Assignment.
(For Microsoft Windows) If you are installing the Management Agent
on a Microsoft Windows-based operating system, then ensure that
you grant the Cmd.exe program Read and Execute permissions for the
user account that the batch job runs under. This is a restriction from
Microsoft.
For more information on this restriction and to understand how you
can grant these permissions, access the following URL to Microsoft
Web site:
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/867466/en-us
Runtime Library File
Requirements
(For Microsoft Windows) If you are installing the Management Agent
on a Microsoft Windows-based operating system, then ensure that the
Msvcp71.dll and Msvcr71.dll runtime library files are present in
c:\windows\system32.
Installing Oracle Management Agent in Silent Mode 6-7
Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
6.4 Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
This section describes the actions involved in installing a Management Agent in silent
mode. It consists of the following:
■
Installing a Management Agent Using the AgentPull Script
■
Installing a Management Agent Using the agentDeploy Script
■
Installing a Management Agent Using the RPM File
■
Installing a Management Agent on a Virtual Host
■
■
■
Response File Parameters for Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
Using the AgentPull Script
Response File Parameters for Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
Using the agentDeploy Script
Response File Parameters for Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
Using an RPM File
■
Options Supported by the AgentPull Script
■
Options Supported by the agentDeploy Script
■
About the Contents of the Downloaded Management Agent Software
Important: If the OMS host is running on Microsoft Windows, and
the OMS software was installed in a drive other than C:\, then update
the SCRATCH_PATH variable in $OMS_
HOME\oui\prov\resources\ssPaths_msplats.properties.
For example, if the OMS software was installed in D:\, ensure that
you update the SCRATCH_PATH variable to D:\tmpada
6.4.1 Installing a Management Agent Using the AgentPull Script
To install a Management Agent using the AgentPull script, follow these steps:
1.
Acquiring the Management Agent Software.
2.
Installing the Management Agent Using the AgentPull Script.
To install a Management Agent using the AgentPull
script, you do not need to download the Management Agent
software onto the destination host. The AgentPull script performs
this action automatically.
Important:
6.4.1.1 Acquiring the Management Agent Software
1.
If the destination host runs on UNIX, access the following URL from the host:
https://<OMS_HOST>:<OMS_PORT>/em/install/getAgentImage
If the destination host runs on Microsoft Windows, access the following URL from
the host:
https://<OMS_HOST>:<OMS_PORT>/em/install/getAgentImage?script=bat
Save the file as AgentPull.sh (AgentPull.bat for Microsoft Windows) to a
temporary directory, say /tmp (c:\temp for Microsoft Windows).
6-8 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
You can also use the following command to obtain the
AgentPull.sh script:
Note:
curl "https://<OMS_HOST>:<OMS_
PORT>/em/install/getAgentImage" --insecure -o AgentPull.sh
To use this command, ensure that you have the cURL utility installed,
as described in Table 6–1.
2.
(Only for UNIX Operating Systems) Provide the execute permission to the
AgentPull.sh script by running the following command:
chmod +x <absolute_path_to_AgentPull.sh>
For example, run the command chmod +x /tmp/AgentPull.sh.
3.
Identify the platforms for which the Management Agent software is available on
the OMS host. Run the AgentPull.sh script (AgentPull.bat for Microsoft
Windows) specifying the -showPlatforms option to display the platforms for
which the Management Agent software is available on the OMS host.
<absolute_path_to_AgentPull.sh> -showPlatforms
The following is a sample output of the command.
Platforms Version
Linux x86-64 12.1.0.5.0
Microsoft Windows x64 (64-bit) 12.1.0.5.0
IBM AIX on POWER Systems (64-bit) 12.1.0.5.0
If the output lists the platform on which you want to install the Management
Agent, then proceed to the next step. Otherwise, acquire and apply the
Management Agent software for the required platform using Self Update.
For information on how to acquire and apply the Management Agent software for
a platform using Self Update, see Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic
Installation Guide.
Note: If you want to install a Management Agent on a host that is
running on the Oracle Enterprise Linux 4.x 64-bit platform, Red Hat
Enterprise Linux 4.x 64-bit platform, or the SUSE Linux Enterprise 10
64-bit platform, ensure that the 32-bit version of the Management
Agent software for the platform is available in Software Library.
6.4.1.2 Installing the Management Agent Using the AgentPull Script
1.
If the destination host runs on UNIX, and the OMS host runs on Microsoft
Windows, run the following command:
dos2unix <absolute_path_to_AgentPull.sh>
For example, run the command dos2unix /tmp/AgentPull.sh.
2.
Create a response file (in any location on the destination host) specifying the
parameters described in Table 6–2. Ensure that you do not name the response file
agent.rsp.
The following are the contents of a sample response file, agent.properties.
LOGIN_USER=sysman
LOGIN_PASSWORD=welcome
Installing Oracle Management Agent in Silent Mode 6-9
Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
PLATFORM="Linux x86-64"
AGENT_REGISTRATION_PASSWORD=wel246come
If you want the script to ignore a particular response file parameter, specify a ’#’
before the parameter. For example, #VERSION.
3.
Run the AgentPull.sh script (AgentPull.bat for Microsoft Windows) specifying
the RSPFILE_LOC and AGENT_BASE_DIR parameters.
<absolute_path_to_AgentPull.sh> RSPFILE_LOC=<absolute_path_to_
responsefile> AGENT_BASE_DIR=<absolute_path_to_agentbasedir>
For example, run the following command:
/tmp/AgentPull.sh RSPFILE_LOC=/tmp/agent.properties AGENT_BASE_
DIR=/scratch/agent
The AgentPull.sh script (and AgentPull.bat) supports certain options, such as
-download_only, which downloads the Management Agent software, but does
not deploy the Management Agent. These supported options are described in
Table 6–5.
If you are installing a Management Agent on a Microsoft Windows host using
AgentPull.bat, ensure that you execute AgentPull.bat from the default
command prompt, which is cmd.exe, and not from any other command prompt.
If the Management Agent install fails, diagnose the problem by viewing the
Management Agent install logs. For information on the location of these logs, see
Section B.3.
6.4.2 Installing a Management Agent Using the agentDeploy Script
You can install a Management Agent using the agentDeploy.sh or agentDeploy.bat
script in the following ways:
■
Using EM CLI from the Remote Destination Host
■
Using EM CLI from the OMS Host
6.4.2.1 Using EM CLI from the Remote Destination Host
To install a Management Agent using the agentDeploy script, and EM CLI from the
destination host, follow these steps:
1.
Acquiring the Management Agent Software and Downloading it onto the
Destination Host Using EM CLI.
1.
Set up EM CLI on the destination host.
For information on how to set up EM CLI on a host that is not running the
OMS, refer the Command Line Interface Concepts and Installation chapter of
Oracle Enterprise Manager Command Line Interface.
2.
On the destination host, from the EM CLI install location, log in to EM CLI:
<emcli_install_location>/emcli login -username=<username>
For example,
<emcli_install_location>/emcli login -username=sysman
Specify the password when you are prompted for it.
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Ensure that the EM CLI log in user has the ADD_TARGET
privilege.
Note:
3.
Synchronize EM CLI:
<emcli_install_location>/emcli sync
4.
Identify the platforms for which the Management Agent software is available
in Software Library:
<emcli_install_location>/emcli get_supported_platforms
This command lists all the platforms for which the Management Agent
software is available in Software Library. The following is the sample output
of the command.
--------------------------------------------------Version = 12.1.0.5.0
Platform Name = Linux x86-64
--------------------------------------------------Version = 12.1.0.5.0
Platform Name = Oracle Solaris on x86-64 (64-bit)
--------------------------------------------------Version = 12.1.0.5.0
Platform Name = HP-UX PA-RISC (64-bit)
---------------------------------------------------
If the output lists the platform on which you want to install the Management
Agent, then proceed to the next step. Otherwise, acquire and apply the
Management Agent software for the required platform using Self Update.
For information on how to acquire and apply the Management Agent software
for a platform using Self Update, see Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Basic Installation Guide.
Note: If you want to install a Management Agent on a host that is
running on the Oracle Enterprise Linux 4.x 64-bit platform, Red Hat
Enterprise Linux 4.x 64-bit platform, or the SUSE Linux Enterprise 10
64-bit platform, ensure that the 32-bit version of the Management
Agent software for the platform is available in Software Library.
5.
Download the Management Agent software from Software Library to a
temporary directory on the destination host:
<emcli_install_location>/emcli get_agentimage
-destination=<download_directory> -platform="<platform>"
-version=<version>
For example,
./emcli get_agentimage -destination=/tmp/agentImage
-platform="Linux x86-64" -version=12.1.0.5.0
Installing Oracle Management Agent in Silent Mode 6-11
Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
If you use the get_agentimage EM CLI verb to download
the Management Agent software for a platform different from the
destination host platform, then you must set the ZIP_LOC environment
variable to the location of the ZIP utility. For example, if the ZIP utility
is present in /usr/bin/zip, set ZIP_LOC=usr/bin/zip.
Important:
Also, ensure that the ZIP utility is of version 3.0 2008 build or higher.
If you use the get_agentimage EM CLI verb to download the
Management Agent software for a platform different from the OMS
host platform, then you must set the ZIP_LOC environment variable to
$OMS_HOME/bin/zip, that is, the location of the ZIP utility on the OMS
host.
Note:
■
■
■
In the command, note the following:
-destination is a directory on the destination host where you
want the Management Agent software to be downloaded. Ensure
that you have write permission on this location.
-platform is the platform for which you want to download the
software; this must match one of the platforms listed in the
previous step for which the software is available in Software
Library.
-version is the version of the Management Agent software that
you want to download; this is an optional argument. If you do not
pass this argument, then the version is defaulted to the OMS
version.
The command downloads the core Management Agent software to the
destination directory you entered. For example, for Linux x86-64, you will see
the file 12.1.0.5.0_AgentCore_226.zip. For information on the contents of
this core software, see Section 6.4.10.
2.
Installing the Management Agent Using the agentDeploy Script.
1.
On the destination host, extract the contents of the ZIP file using the unzip
utility:
unzip <software_zip_file_location> -d <software_extract_location>
For example,
unzip /tmp/agentImage/12.1.0.5.0_AgentCore_226.zip -d /tmp/agtImg
2.
Edit the response file agent.rsp as described in Table 6–3.
<software_extract_location>/agent.rsp
The following are the contents of a sample response file.
OMS_HOST=example.com
EM_UPLOAD_PORT=14511
AGENT_REGISTRATION_PASSWORD=abc123
AGENT_PORT=1832
If you want the script to ignore a particular response file parameter, specify a
’#’ before the parameter. For example, #AGENT_PORT.
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3.
Invoke the deployment script and pass the response file:
<software_extract_location>/agentDeploy.sh AGENT_BASE_
DIR=<absolute_path_to_agentbasedir> RESPONSE_FILE=<software_
extract_location>/agent.rsp
If a proxy is set up between the destination host and the OMS host, you must
specify the REPOSITORY_PROXYHOST and REPOSITORY_PROXYPORT parameters in
a properties file, then specify the PROPERTIES_FILE parameter while running
agentDeploy.sh to install a Management Agent on the destination host:
<software_extract_location>/agentDeploy.sh AGENT_BASE_
DIR=<absolute_path_to_agentbasedir> RESPONSE_FILE=<absolute_path_
to_responsefile> PROPERTIES_FILE=<absolute_path_to_properties_file>
For example, /tmp/agtImg/agentDeploy.sh AGENT_BASE_
DIR=/scratch/agent12c RESPONSE_FILE=/tmp/agtImg/agent.rsp
PROPERTIES_FILE=/tmp/agent.properties
The properties file you use must have the following format:
REPOSITORY_PROXYHOST=<proxy_host_name>
REPOSITORY_PROXYPORT=<proxy_port>
Note:
■
Instead of passing a response file, you can choose to pass response
file parameters explicitly while invoking the deployment script.
The mandatory response file parameters are OMS_HOST, EM_
UPLOAD_PORT, and AGENT_REGISTRATION_PASSWORD.
For example,
/tmp/agtImg/agentDeploy.sh AGENT_BASE_
DIR=/scratch/agent12c OMS_HOST=example.com EM_UPLOAD_
PORT=14511 AGENT_REGISTRATION_PASSWORD=2bornot2b
■
■
■
4.
When you pass the arguments while invoking the deployment
script, these values need not be given with double quotes.
However, when you provide them in a response file, the values
need to be in double quotes (except for the argument b_
startAgent).
In addition to passing the agent base directory and a response file
(or individual mandatory arguments with installation details),
you can also pass other options that are supported by the
deployment script. For more information, see Section 6.4.9.
If you are installing a Management Agent on a Microsoft
Windows host using agentDeploy.bat, ensure that you execute
agentDeploy.bat from the default command prompt, which is
cmd.exe, and not from any other command prompt.
Run the root scripts after the install. For more information, see Section 6.5.
If you want to install a Management Agent on a physical host, and install another
Management Agent on a virtual host that is installed on the physical host, ensuring
that both the Management Agents use the same port for communication, follow these
steps:
Installing Oracle Management Agent in Silent Mode 6-13
Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
1.
Install a Management Agent on the physical host. Stop the Management Agent.
2.
Install a Management Agent on the virtual host. Stop the Management Agent.
3.
Set AgentListenOnAllNICs=false in the $<AGENT_
HOME>/sysman/config/emd.properties file. Ensure that you perform this step for
both the Management Agents.
4.
Start up both the Management Agents.
If the Management Agent install fails, diagnose the problem by viewing the
Management Agent install logs. For information on the location of these logs, see
Section B.3.
6.4.2.2 Using EM CLI from the OMS Host
To install a Management Agent using the agentDeploy script, and EM CLI from the
OMS host, follow these steps:
1.
Acquiring the Management Agent Software and Downloading it onto the OMS
Host Using EM CLI.
1.
On the OMS host, from the OMS home, log in to EM CLI. EM CLI is available
by default with every OMS installation, so you need not install the client
separately on the OMS host.
$<OMS_HOME>/bin/emcli login -username=<username>
For example,
$<OMS_HOME>/bin/emcli login -username=sysman
Specify the password when you are prompted for it.
Note:
■
■
■
Ensure that the EM CLI log in user has the ADD_TARGET privilege.
If you have configured a load balancer for a multiple OMS setup,
ensure that you run the EM CLI commands on one of the local
OMS hosts, and not on the load balancer hosts.
If you have configured a load balancer for a multiple OMS setup,
and you choose to use the EM CLI setup command, ensure that
you pass the OMS host and port as parameters, and not the load
balancer host and port.
For example, emcli setup -url=https://<OMS_HOST>:<OMS_
PORT>/em -user=sysman -password=sysman
2.
Synchronize EM CLI:
$<OMS_HOME>/bin/emcli sync
3.
Identify the platforms for which the Management Agent software is available
in Software Library:
$<OMS_HOME>/bin/emcli get_supported_platforms
This command lists all the platforms for which the Management Agent
software is available in Software Library. The following shows the sample
output of the command.
---------------------------------------------------
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Version = 12.1.0.5.0
Platform Name = Linux x86-64
--------------------------------------------------Version = 12.1.0.5.0
Platform Name = Oracle Solaris on x86-64 (64-bit)
--------------------------------------------------Version = 12.1.0.5.0
Platform Name = HP-UX PA-RISC (64-bit)
---------------------------------------------------
If the output lists the platform on which you want to install the Management
Agent, then proceed to the next step. Otherwise, acquire and apply the
Management Agent software for the required platform using Self Update.
For information on how to acquire and apply the Management Agent software
for a platform using Self Update, see Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Basic Installation Guide.
Note: If you want to install a Management Agent on a host that is
running on the Oracle Enterprise Linux 4.x 64-bit platform, Red Hat
Enterprise Linux 4.x 64-bit platform, or the SUSE Linux Enterprise 10
64-bit platform, ensure that the 32-bit version of the Management
Agent software for the platform is available in Software Library.
4.
Download the Management Agent software from Software Library to a
temporary directory on the OMS host:
$<OMS_HOME>/bin/emcli get_agentimage -destination=<download_
directory> -platform="<platform>" -version=<version>
For example,
./emcli get_agentimage -destination=/tmp -platform="Linux x86-64"
-version=12.1.0.5.0
Important: If you use the get_agentimage EM CLI verb to download
the Management Agent software for a platform different from the
OMS host platform, then you must set the ZIP_LOC environment
variable to $OMS_HOME/bin/zip, which is the location of the ZIP utility
on the OMS host.
If you use the get_agentimage EM CLI verb to download the
Management Agent software for a platform different from the
destination host platform, then you must set the ZIP_LOC environment
variable to the location of the ZIP utility. For example, if the ZIP utility
is present in /usr/bin/zip, set ZIP_LOC=usr/bin/zip.
Also, ensure that the ZIP utility is of version 3.0 2008 build or higher.
Installing Oracle Management Agent in Silent Mode 6-15
Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
Note:
■
In the command, note the following:
-destination is a directory on the OMS host where you want the
Management Agent software to be downloaded. Ensure that you
have write permission on this location.
If the destination directory is titled with two or more words
separated by a space, then enclose the directory name with double
quotes.
For example, if the destination directory is titled /tmp/linux
agentimage, then enter the value as -destination="/tmp/linux
agentimage"
■
■
-platform is the platform for which you want to download the
software; this must match one of the platforms listed in the
previous step for which the software is available in Software
Library.
-version is the version of the Management Agent software that
you want to download; this is an optional argument. If you do not
pass this argument, then the version is defaulted to the OMS
version.
The command downloads the core Management Agent software to the
destination directory you entered. For example, for Linux x86-64, you will see
the file 12.1.0.5.0_AgentCore_226.zip. For information on the contents of
this core software, see Section 6.4.10.
2.
Transferring the Management Agent Software to the Destination Host.
Transfer the downloaded ZIP file to a temporary directory (/tmp) on the
destination host where you want to install the Management Agent. You can use
any file transfer utility to transfer the file.
3.
Installing the Management Agent Using the agentDeploy Script.
Follow Step 2 mentioned in Section 6.4.2.1 to install the Management Agent.
6.4.3 Installing a Management Agent Using the RPM File
To install a Management Agent using a .rpm file, follow these steps:
1.
Acquiring the Management Agent Software and Downloading the RPM File onto
the OMS Host.
2.
Transferring the RPM File to the Destination Host.
3.
Installing the Management Agent Using the RPM File.
6.4.3.1 Acquiring the Management Agent Software and Downloading the RPM File
onto the OMS Host
1.
On the OMS host, from the OMS home, log in to EM CLI. EM CLI is available by
default with every OMS installation, so you need not install the client separately
on the OMS host.
$<OMS_HOME>/bin/emcli login -username=<username>
For example,
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$<OMS_HOME>/bin/emcli login -username=sysman
Specify the password when you are prompted for it.
Ensure that the EM CLI log in user has the ADD_TARGET
privilege.
Note:
2.
Synchronize EM CLI:
$<OMS_HOME>/bin/emcli sync
3.
Identify the platforms for which the Management Agent software is available in
Software Library:
$<OMS_HOME>/bin/emcli get_supported_platforms
This command lists all the platforms for which the Management Agent software is
available in Software Library. The following is the sample output of the command.
--------------------------------------------------Version = 12.1.0.5.0
Platform Name = Linux x86-64
--------------------------------------------------Version = 12.1.0.5.0
Platform Name = Oracle Solaris on x86-64 (64-bit)
--------------------------------------------------Version = 12.1.0.5.0
Platform Name = HP-UX PA-RISC (64-bit)
---------------------------------------------------
If the output lists the platform on which you want to install the Management
Agent, then proceed to the next step. Otherwise, acquire and apply the
Management Agent software for the required platform using Self Update.
For information on how to acquire and apply the Management Agent software for
a platform using Self Update, see Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic
Installation Guide.
Note: If you want to install a Management Agent on a host that is
running on the Oracle Enterprise Linux 4.x 64-bit platform, Red Hat
Enterprise Linux 4.x 64-bit platform, or the SUSE Linux Enterprise 10
64-bit platform, ensure that the 32-bit version of the Management
Agent software for the platform is available in Software Library.
4.
Download the .rpm file of the Management Agent from Software Library to a
temporary directory on the OMS host:
$<OMS_HOME>/bin/emcli get_agentimage_rpm -destination=<download_
directory> -platform="<platform>" -version=<version>
For example,
./emcli get_agentimage_rpm -destination=/tmp/agentRPM -platform="Linux
x86-64" -version=12.1.0.5.0
In the command, note the following:
■
-destination is a directory on the OMS host where you want the .rpm file to
be downloaded. Ensure that you have write permission on this location.
Installing Oracle Management Agent in Silent Mode 6-17
Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
■
■
-platform is the platform for which you want to download the .rpm file; this
must match one of the platforms listed in the previous step for which the
software is available on the OMS host.
-version is the version of the Management Agent for which you want to
download the .rpm file; this is an optional argument. If you do not pass this
argument, then the version is defaulted to the OMS version.
The command downloads the .rpm file of the core Management Agent to the
destination directory you entered. For example,
oracle-agt-12.1.0.5.0-1.0.i386.rpm
Also, this command retrieves the Management Agent software, patches, and
plug-ins present in the OMS home. For information on how to save Management
Agent patches to the OMS home such that they are applied whenever a
Management Agent is deployed, see Section D.1.
6.4.3.2 Transferring the RPM File to the Destination Host
1.
Transfer the downloaded .rpm file to a temporary directory (/tmp) on the
destination host where you want to install the Management Agent. You can use
any file transfer utility to transfer the file.
6.4.3.3 Installing the Management Agent Using the RPM File
1.
On the destination host, install the .rpm file as a root user to install the
Management Agent:
rpm -ivh <download_directory>/<rpm_file>
For example,
rpm -ivh /tmp/oracle-agt-12.1.0.5.0-1.0.i386.rpm
Note:
The following is the output of the command:
Preparing... ########################################### [100%]
Running the prereq
1:oracle-agt ########################################### [100%]
Follow the below steps to complete the agent rpm installation:
1. Edit the properties file: /usr/lib/oracle/agent/agent.properties
with the correct values
2. Execute the command /etc/init.d/oracle-agt RESPONSE_
FILE=<location_to_agent.properties>
When you use a .rpm file to install a Management Agent, the default agent base
directory location is /usr/lib/oracle/agent. To install the Management Agent
using a custom agent base directory location, run the following command as a root
user:
rpm -ivh --relocate /usr/lib/oracle/agent=<custom_agent_base_directory_
location> <download_directory>/<rpm_file>
For example,
rpm -ivh --relocate /usr/lib/oracle/agent=/scratch/aime/agent
tmp/agent_rpm/oracle-agt-12.1.0.5.0-1.0.i386.rpm
When you use a .rpm file to install a Management Agent, the inventory location is
always <agent_base_directory>/oraInventory. As the default agent base
directory location is /usr/lib/oracle/agent, the default inventory location is
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/usr/lib/oracle/agent/oraInventory. If you choose to install the Management
Agent in a custom agent base directory location (using the --relocate option), say
in /oem/agent, then the inventory location is /oem/agent/oraInventory.
2.
Edit the agent.properties file as described in Table 6–4. The file is available in the
following location:
/usr/lib/oracle/agent/agent.properties
3.
Run the following command to complete the installation:
/etc/init.d/oracle-agt RESPONSE_FILE=<location_to_agent.properties>
If the Management Agent install fails, diagnose the problem by viewing the
Management Agent install logs. For information on the location of these logs, see
Section B.3.
6.4.4 Installing a Management Agent on a Virtual Host
To install a Management Agent on a virtual host, follow these steps:
1.
Follow the steps described in Section 6.4.2.1 or Section 6.4.2.2. While invoking the
agentDeploy.sh or the agentDeploy.bat script, ensure that you specify the
ORACLE_HOSTNAME parameter.
For example, <software_extract_location>/agentDeploy.sh AGENT_BASE_
DIR=<absolute_path_to_agentbasedir> RESPONSE_FILE=<absolute_path_to_
response_file> ORACLE_HOSTNAME=<name_of_virtual_host>
For more information about the ORACLE_HOSTNAME parameter, see Table 6–3.
2.
If the virtual host is associated with a virtual Network Interface Controller (NIC),
set AgentListenOnAllNICs=false in the $<AGENT_
HOME>/sysman/config/emd.properties file, then run the following command:
$<AGENT_HOME>/bin/emctl reload
6.4.5 Response File Parameters for Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
Using the AgentPull Script
Table 6–2 describes the mandatory parameters that you must include, and the optional
parameters that you can include in the response file, while installing a Management
Agent using the AgentPull script.
Table 6–2 Creating a Response File for Installing Oracle Management Agent Using
AgentPull Script
Parameter
Description
LOGIN_USER
(Mandatory) Enter the Enterprise Manager console login user
name.
For example, LOGIN_USER=sysman
LOGIN_PASSWORD
(Mandatory) Enter the Enterprise Manager console login
password.
For example, LOGIN_PASSWORD=welcome1
PLATFORM
(Mandatory) Enter the platform for which you want to download
the Management Agent software.
For example, PLATFORM="Linux x86-64"
Note: The value of this parameter must be in " ".
Installing Oracle Management Agent in Silent Mode 6-19
Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
Table 6–2 (Cont.) Creating a Response File for Installing Oracle Management Agent
Using AgentPull Script
Parameter
Description
AGENT_REGISTRATION_
PASSWORD
(Mandatory) Enter a password for registering new Management
Agents that join the Enterprise Manager system.
By default, the communication between the OMS and the
Management Agents is secured and locked. Any new
Management Agents that join the Enterprise Manager system
must be authenticated before they become part of the system.
The password you enter here will be used for authenticating
those new Management Agents.
For example, AGENT_REGISTRATION_PASSWORD=Wel456come
VERSION
(Optional) Enter the version of the Management Agent software
you want to download.
For example, VERSION=12.1.0.5.0
If you do not specify this parameter, it is assigned the OMS
version.
CURL_PATH
(Optional) Enter the absolute path of the installed cURL utility.
(For Microsoft Windows
hosts only)
For example, CURL_PATH=c:\Program Files\curl
OMS_HOST
(Optional) Enter the OMS host name.
If you do not include this parameter, it is assigned the value
c:\.
For example, OMS_HOST=example.com
EM_UPLOAD_PORT
(Optional) Enter the upload port (HTTP or HTTPS) for
communicating with the OMS.
For example, EM_UPLOAD_PORT=14511
AGENT_INSTANCE_
HOME
(Optional) Enter a directory location on the destination host
where all Management Agent-related configuration files can be
stored. For this parameter, you can do one of the following:
■
Leave it blank.
In this case, by default, an instance directory titled agent_
inst is created in the agent installation base directory.
For example, if the installation base directory is
/john/oracle/, then the instance directory is defaulted to
/john/oracle/agent_inst
■
Enter the absolute path to a custom directory.
Although you can enter any location as a custom location,
Oracle recommends you to maintain the instance directory
inside the installation base directory.
For example, AGENT_INSTANCE_
HOME=/john/oracle/instance_dir/inst_mydir
AGENT_PORT
(Optional) Enter a free port on which the Management Agent
process should be started. The same port is used for both HTTP
and HTTPS.
For example, AGENT_PORT=1832
If you do not enter any value, then either 3872 or any free port
between 1830 and 1849 is honored.
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Table 6–2 (Cont.) Creating a Response File for Installing Oracle Management Agent
Using AgentPull Script
Parameter
Description
b_startAgent
(Optional) Enter TRUE if you want the Management Agent to start
automatically once it is installed and configured. Otherwise,
enter FALSE.
For example, b_startAgent=TRUE
If you do not include this parameter, it defaults to TRUE.
ORACLE_HOSTNAME
(Optional) Enter the fully qualified domain name of the host
where you want to install the Management Agent.
For example, ORACLE_HOSTNAME=example.com
If you do not include this parameter, it defaults to the physical
host name.
ALLOW_IPADDRESS
(Optional) Enter TRUE if you want to specify an IP address for
ORACLE_HOSTNAME. If ALLOW_IPADDRESS is set to FALSE, a
prerequisite check fails when you specify an IP address for
ORACLE_HOSTNAME while installing a Management Agent.
For example, ALLOW_IPADDRESS=TRUE
If you do not include this parameter, it defaults to FALSE.
START_PRIORITY_LEVEL
(For Unix based hosts only)
(Optional) Use this parameter to specify the priority level of the
Management Agent service when the host is started. This
parameter accepts values between 0 and 99. However, Oracle
recommends that you provide a value between 91 and 99 for this
parameter.
For example, START_PRIORITY_LEVEL=95
If you do not include this parameter, it defaults to 98.
SHUT_PRIORITY_LEVEL
(For Unix based hosts only)
(Optional) Use this parameter to specify the priority level of the
Management Agent service when the host is shut down. This
parameter accepts values between 0 and 99.
For example, SHUT_PRIORITY_LEVEL=25
If you do not include this parameter, it defaults to 19.
PROPERTIES_FILE
(Optional) Use this parameter to specify the absolute location of
the properties file.
For example, PROPERTIES_FILE=/tmp/agent.properties
In the properties file, specify the parameters that you want to
use for the Management Agent deployment. The list of
parameters that you can specify in the properties file is present
in $<AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME>/sysman/config/emd.properties.
In the properties file, you must specify the parameters in name
value pairs, for example:
REPOSITORY_PROXYHOST=abc.example.com
REPOSITORY_PROXYPORT=1532
The properties file does not support parameter values that have
spaces. If the value of a particular parameter contains a space,
then run the following command after deploying the
Management Agent:
$<AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME>/bin/emctl setproperty agent
-name <parameter_name> -value <parameter_value>
Installing Oracle Management Agent in Silent Mode 6-21
Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
Table 6–2 (Cont.) Creating a Response File for Installing Oracle Management Agent
Using AgentPull Script
Parameter
Description
s_agentHomeName
(Optional) Enter the name of the Oracle home you want to see
created for the Management Agent.
For example, s_agentHomeName=agent12cR2
If you do not include this parameter, it defaults to agent12cn,
where n is 1 for the first Management Agent installed on the
host, 2 for the second Management Agent installed on the host,
and so on.
Note: Ensure that the name you enter consists of only
alphanumeric characters, and is not more than 128 characters
long.
s_agentSrvcName
(Only for Microsoft
Windows hosts)
(Optional) Enter the customized Management Agent service
name.
For example, s_agentSrvcName=agentsrvc1
If you do not include this parameter, it defaults to
Oracle+<oracle_home_name>+Agent.
Note: (For Microsoft Windows hosts) If you upgrade a 12.1.0.x
Management Agent installed on a host and you want to install
another Management Agent on the same host, which points to a
different OMS, specify the s_agentSrvcName parameter while
installing the Management Agent.
6.4.6 Response File Parameters for Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
Using the agentDeploy Script
Table 6–3 describes the mandatory parameters that you must include, and the optional
parameters that you can include in the response file, while installing a Management
Agent using the agentDeploy script.
Table 6–3 Creating a Response File for Installing Oracle Management Agent Using
agentDeploy Script
Parameter
Description
OMS_HOST
(Mandatory) Enter the OMS host name.
For example, OMS_HOST=example.com
EM_UPLOAD_PORT
(Mandatory) Enter the upload port (HTTP or HTTPS) for
communicating with the OMS.
For example, EM_UPLOAD_PORT=14511
AGENT_REGISTRATION_
PASSWORD
(Mandatory) Enter a password for registering new
Management Agents that join the Enterprise Manager
system.
By default, the communication between the OMS and the
Management Agents is secured and locked. Any new
Management Agents that join the Enterprise Manager
system must be authenticated before they become part of
the system. The password you enter here will be used for
authenticating those new Management Agents.
For example, AGENT_REGISTRATION_PASSWORD=Wel456come
6-22 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
Table 6–3 (Cont.) Creating a Response File for Installing Oracle Management Agent
Using agentDeploy Script
Parameter
Description
AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME
(Optional) Enter a directory location on the destination host
where all Management Agent-related configuration files
can be stored. For this parameter, you can do one of the
following:
■
Leave it blank.
In this case, by default, an instance directory titled
agent_inst is created in the agent installation base
directory.
For example, if the installation base directory is
/john/oracle/, then the instance directory is
defaulted to /john/oracle/agent_inst
■
Enter the absolute path to a custom directory.
Although you can enter any location as a custom
location, Oracle recommends you to maintain the
instance directory inside the installation base
directory.
For example, AGENT_INSTANCE_
HOME=/john/oracle/instance_dir/inst_mydir
AGENT_PORT
(Optional) Enter a free port on which the Management
Agent process should be started. The same port is used for
both HTTP and HTTPS.
For example, AGENT_PORT=1832
If you do not enter any value, then either 3872 or any free
port between 1830 and 1849 is honored.
b_startAgent
(Optional) Enter TRUE if you want the Management Agent
to start automatically once it is installed and configured.
Otherwise, enter FALSE.
For example, b_startAgent=TRUE
If you do not include this parameter, it defaults to TRUE.
ORACLE_HOSTNAME
(Optional) Enter the fully qualified domain name of the
host where you want to install the Management Agent.
For example, ORACLE_HOSTNAME=example.com
If you do not include this parameter, it defaults to the
physical host name.
ALLOW_IPADDRESS
(Optional) Enter TRUE if you want to specify an IP address
for ORACLE_HOSTNAME. If ALLOW_IPADDRESS is set to FALSE,
a prerequisite check fails when you specify an IP address
for ORACLE_HOSTNAME while installing a Management
Agent.
For example, ALLOW_IPADDRESS=TRUE
If you do not include this parameter, it defaults to FALSE.
START_PRIORITY_LEVEL
(For Unix based hosts only)
(Optional) Use this parameter to specify the priority level
of the Management Agent service when the host is started.
This parameter accepts values between 0 and 99.
However, Oracle recommends that you provide a value
between 91 and 99 for this parameter.
For example, START_PRIORITY_LEVEL=95
If you do not include this parameter, it defaults to 98.
Installing Oracle Management Agent in Silent Mode 6-23
Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
Table 6–3 (Cont.) Creating a Response File for Installing Oracle Management Agent
Using agentDeploy Script
Parameter
Description
SHUT_PRIORITY_LEVEL
(Optional) Use this parameter to specify the priority level
of the Management Agent service when the host is shut
down. This parameter accepts values between 0 and 99.
(For Unix based hosts only)
For example, SHUT_PRIORITY_LEVEL=25
If you do not include this parameter, it defaults to 19.
PROPERTIES_FILE
(Optional) Use this parameter to specify the absolute
location of the properties file.
For example, PROPERTIES_FILE=/tmp/agent.properties
In the properties file, specify the parameters that you want
to use for the Management Agent deployment. The list of
parameters that you can specify in the properties file is
present in $<AGENT_INSTANCE_
HOME>/sysman/config/emd.properties. In the properties
file, you must specify the parameters in name value pairs,
for example:
REPOSITORY_PROXYHOST=abc.example.com
REPOSITORY_PROXYPORT=1532
The properties file does not support parameter values that
have spaces. If the value of a particular parameter contains
a space, then run the following command after deploying
the Management Agent:
$<AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME>/bin/emctl setproperty agent
-name <parameter_name> -value <parameter_value>
s_agentHomeName
(Optional) Enter the name of the Oracle home you want to
see created for the Management Agent.
For example, s_agentHomeName=agent12cR2
If you do not include this parameter, it defaults to
agent12cn, where n is 1 for the first Management Agent
installed on the host, 2 for the second Management Agent
installed on the host, and so on.
Note: Ensure that the name you enter consists of only
alphanumeric characters, and is not more than 128
characters long.
s_agentSrvcName
(Only for Microsoft Windows
hosts)
(Optional) Enter the customized Management Agent
service name.
For example, s_agentSrvcName=agentsrvc1
If you do not include this parameter, it defaults to
Oracle+<oracle_home_name>+Agent.
Note: (For Microsoft Windows hosts) If you upgrade a
12.1.0.x Management Agent installed on a host and you
want to install another Management Agent on the same
host, which points to a different OMS, specify the s_
agentSrvcName parameter while installing the
Management Agent.
6.4.7 Response File Parameters for Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
Using an RPM File
Table 6–4 describes the mandatory parameters that you must include, and the optional
parameters that you can include in the response file, while installing a Management
Agent using a.rpm file.
6-24 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
Table 6–4
RPM File
Creating a Response File for Installing Oracle Management Agent Using an
Parameter
Description
OMS_HOST
(Mandatory) Enter the host name of the OMS to which you
want to connect.
For example, OMS_HOST=example.com
OMS_PORT
(Mandatory) Enter the upload port (HTTP or HTTPS) to
communicate with the OMS.
For example, OMS_PORT=1835
AGENT_REGISTRATION_
PASSWORD
(Mandatory) Enter a password for registering new
Management Agents that join the Enterprise Manager
system.
By default, the communication between the OMS and the
Management Agents is secured and locked. Any new
Management Agents that join the Enterprise Manager
system must be authenticated before they become part of
the system. The password you enter here will be used for
authenticating those new Management Agents.
For example, AGENT_REGISTRATION_PASSWORD=Wel456come
AGENT_USERNAME
(Mandatory) Enter the user name with which you want to
install the Management Agent.
For example, AGENT_USERNAME=oracle
AGENT_GROUP
(Mandatory) Enter the group to which the Management
Agent user should belong.
For example, AGENT_GROUP=dba
AGENT_PORT
(Optional) Enter the port used for the Management Agent
process.
For example, AGENT_PORT=1832
If you do not enter any value, then either 3872 or any free
port between 1830 and 1849 is honored.
ORACLE_HOSTNAME
(Only for Virtual Hosts) Enter the virtual host name where
you want to install the Management Agent.
For example, ORACLE_HOSTNAME=example.com
6.4.8 Options Supported by the AgentPull Script
Table 6–5 lists the options supported by the AgentPull.sh script. On Microsoft
Windows, these options apply to the AgentPull.bat file.
Table 6–5
Understanding the Options Supported by AgentPull.sh/AgentPull.bat
Option
Description
-download_only
Only downloads the Management Agent software. Does not
deploy the Management Agent.
-showPlatforms
Displays the platforms for which the Management Agent
software is available on the OMS host. Does not install the
Management Agent.
-help
Displays command line help and describes the usage of the
AgentPull.sh script.
Installing Oracle Management Agent in Silent Mode 6-25
Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
6.4.9 Options Supported by the agentDeploy Script
Table 6–6 lists the options supported by the agentDeploy.sh script. On Microsoft
Windows, these options apply to the agentDeploy.bat file.
Table 6–6
Understanding the Options Supported by agentDeploy.sh/agentDeploy.bat
Option
Description
-prereqOnly
Runs only the prerequisite checks. Does NOT actually
install the Management Agent.
This option is useful when you want to verify whether
your environment meets all the prerequisites for a
successful Management Agent installation.
-ignorePrereqs
Skips running the prerequisite checks. Use this when you
have already used the -prereqOnly option and verified
the prerequisites, and only want to install the software
binaries.
INVENTORY_LOCATION
Enter the absolute path to the Central Inventory
(oraInventory).
For example, INVENTORY_LOCATION=$HOME/oraInventory
Important:
■
■
■
-invPtrLoc
This option is supported only on Unix platforms, and
not on Microsoft Windows platforms.
Ensure that you use this option only when no other
Oracle product is installed on the remote host, and
the Central Inventory pointer
/var/opt/oracle/oraInst.loc (for Solaris and
HP-UX platforms) or /etc/oraInst.loc (for other
Unix platforms) does not exist.
If you use this option, ensure that you do not use the
-invPtrLoc option.
Enter the absolute path to the inventory file that has the
location of the Central Inventory (oraInventory).
For example, -invPtrLoc /tmp/oraInst.loc
Important:
■
■
■
This option is supported only on Unix platforms, and
not on Microsoft Windows platforms.
You can use this option even when another Oracle
product is already installed on the remote host, and
the Central Inventory pointer
/var/opt/oracle/oraInst.loc (for Solaris and
HP-UX platforms) or /etc/oraInst.loc (for other
Unix platforms) exists.
If you use this option, ensure that you do not use the
INVENTORY_LOCATION option.
-help
Displays command line help and describes the usage of
the deployment script.
-debug
Logs more debug messages useful for debugging and
resolving errors.
-ignoreUnzip
Skips extracting the software binaries of the Management
Agent software. Use this when you do not want to copy
the binaries again, but only want to configure the
available binaries.
6-26 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
Table 6–6 (Cont.) Understanding the Options Supported by
Option
Description
-softwareOnly
Installs only the software binaries, and does NOT
configure the installation. Use this when you want to
perform a software-only installation of the Management
Agent. For more information, see Chapter 9.
Note: This option does not apply if you are cloning using
a ZIP file.
-configOnly
Configures the software binaries, and does not install any
software binaries. Use this when you have performed a
software-only installation using the -softwareOnly
option, so that only the configuration is done to the
copied software binaries. For more information, see
Chapter 9.
Note: This option does not apply if you are cloning using
a ZIP file.
-forceConfigure
Forcefully configures the Management Agent even when
the OMS is unreachable. Use this option only when you
are installing the Management Agent before installing the
OMS, and when you know for sure that you will install
the OMS later on the same host and port mentioned for
the parameters OMS_HOST and EM_UPLOAD_PORT,
respectively, in the response file you pass.
If you pass this option, then do not pass -configOnly,
-softwareOnly, and -prereqOnly.
Note: When you pass this option, the Management Agent
is configured to use HTTP (non-secure) communication.
To establish a secure HTTPS communication between the
Management Agent and the OMS, you must manually
secure the Management Agent after the OMS is available.
6.4.10 About the Contents of the Downloaded Management Agent Software
Table 6–7 describes the contents of the core Management Agent software you
download before installing the Management Agent using the agentDeploy script.
Table 6–7
Contents of the Downloaded Management Agent Software
Files
Description
12.1.0.5.0_PluginsOneoffs_
<platform id>.zip
Plug-in ZIP file containing all the discovering plug-ins, which
were installed with the OMS, Oracle Home discovery plug-in,
and Oracle Home monitoring plug-in.
agentcoreimage.zip
Archived ZIP file containing the core agent bits and agent set-uid
binaries.
agentDeploy.sh/agentDeplo Script used for deploying the Management Agent.
y.bat
unzip
Utility used for unarchiving the ZIP files.
agentimage.properties
Properties file used for getting the version, platform ID, and so
on.
agent.rsp
Response file to be edited and passed for installing the
Management Agent.
Installing Oracle Management Agent in Silent Mode 6-27
After Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
6.4.11 About the Contents of the Management Agent RPM File
If you choose to install a Management Agent using the .rpm file, the .rpm file you
download contains an agent base directory. Table 6–8 describes the contents of this
agent base directory:
Table 6–8
Contents of the Agent Base Directory Present in RPM File
Element
Description
core/12.1.0.5.0
Contains the Management Agent software.
sbin
Contains the Management Agent binaries.
plugins.txt
Response file specifying the plug-ins deployed on the
Management Agent.
plugins
Contains the plug-in software.
agentimage.properties
Properties file used for getting the version, platform ID, and so
on.
agent.properties
Response file to be edited and passed for installing the
Management Agent.
oracle-agt
Management Agent configuration script.
6.5 After Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
After you install the Management Agent, follow these steps:
1.
(Only for UNIX Operating Systems) Manually run the following scripts as a root
user:
■
If this is the first Oracle product you just installed on the host, then run the
orainstRoot.sh script from the inventory location specified in the
oraInst.loc file that is available in the Management Agent home. This
location is also displayed when you run the agentDeploy script with the
-configOnly option.
For example, if the inventory location specified is $HOME/oraInventory, then
run the following command:
$HOME/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh
■
Run the root.sh script from the Management Agent home:
$<AGENT_HOME>/root.sh
Note: You do not need to run the orainstRoot.sh and root.sh
scripts if you are installing a Management Agent using a .rpm file.
2.
Verify the installation:
a.
Navigate to the Management Agent home and run the following command to
see a message that confirms that the Management Agent is up and running:
$<AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME>/bin/emctl status agent
b.
Navigate to the Management Agent home and run the following command to
see a message that confirms that EMD upload completed successfully:
$<AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME>/bin/emctl upload agent
6-28 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
After Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
3.
Verify whether all the plug-ins listed in $<AGENT_BASE_DIRECTORY>/plugins.txt
were installed successfully. To do so, run the following command:
$<AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME>/bin/emctl listplugins agent -type all
4.
If you had ignored a prerequisite check warning about wrong time zone settings,
run the following command and follow the steps it displays:
$<AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME>/bin/emctl resetTZ agent
5.
By default, the host and the Management Agent get automatically added to the
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control console for monitoring. None of the targets
running on that host get automatically discovered and monitored.
To monitor the other targets, you must add them to Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control either using the Auto Discovery Results page, the Add Targets Manually
page, or the discovery wizards offered for the targets you want to monitor.
For information about discovering targets in Enterprise Manager Cloud Control,
refer to the chapter on adding targets in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Administrator's Guide.
Note:
■
■
If 12c (12.1.0.x) Management Agents hang frequently or do not
respond on Solaris 9ux and 10ux operating systems, then refer to
document ID 1427773.1 on My Oracle Support.
To know the location where a Management Agent is deployed on
a Microsoft Windows host, that is, the Management Agent Oracle
home, access <INVENTORY_LOCATION>\inventory.xml, then search
for HOME NAME="agent12c2". The value of the LOC parameter
denotes the Management Agent Oracle home.
For example, in the following line of C:\Program
Files\Oracle\inventory.xml, D:\agent12cr4\core\12.1.0.5.0
denotes the Management Agent Oracle home:
<HOME NAME="agent12c2"
LOC="D:\agent12cr4\core\12.1.0.5.0" TYPE="O" IDX="10">
■
You can repoint your existing Management Agents to a new
Oracle Management Service (OMS). For information on how to do
this, see the Redirecting Oracle Management Agent to Another
Oracle Management Service Appendix present in Oracle Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation Guide.
When you repoint your existing Management Agents to a new
OMS, you cannot move the targets monitored by the Management
Agents, the target history, and the Management Agent history.
The monitored targets and the history data is lost.
Installing Oracle Management Agent in Silent Mode 6-29
After Installing a Management Agent in Silent Mode
6-30 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
7
Cloning Oracle Management Agents
7
This chapter explains how you can clone existing Oracle Management Agents
(Management Agents) using the Cloud Control console, or in silent mode. In
particular, this chapter covers the following:
■
Overview of Cloning Management Agents
■
Before You Begin Cloning a Management Agent
■
Prerequisites for Cloning a Management Agent
■
Cloning a Management Agent
■
After Cloning a Management Agent
7.1 Overview of Cloning Management Agents
Oracle Management Agent (Management Agent) is one of the core components of
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control that enables you to convert an unmanaged host to
a managed host in the Enterprise Manager system. The Management Agent works in
conjunction with the plug-ins to monitor the targets running on that managed host.
Therefore, if you want to monitor a target running on a host, you must first convert
that unmanaged host to a managed host by installing an Oracle Management Agent,
and then manually discover the targets running on it to start monitoring them.
However, the Management Agent you install using other installation types is always a
fresh installation without any customized configuration that you had done or interim
one-off patches that you had applied to other running Management Agents.
If you want to install an additional Management Agent that is identical to the existing
well-tested, pre-patched, and running Management Agent, then a good option is to
clone the existing instance. This saves time and effort in patching a fresh installation
all over again and bringing it to the current state.
You can clone an existing Management Agent in graphical or silent mode.
■
In graphical mode, you use the Add Host Targets Wizard that is accessible from
within the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control console. The wizard enables you to
select a source Management Agent, which you want to clone, and identify one or
more remote hosts on which you want to clone it.
The wizard first copies the source Management Agent image to the host on which
Oracle Management Service (OMS) is running, and then, it transfers that copied
image to the destination hosts. Although the wizard can be used for remotely
cloning one, single Management Agent, it is best suited for mass-deployment of
Management Agents, particularly while mass-deploying Management Agents of
different releases on hosts of different platforms.
Cloning Oracle Management Agents
7-1
Before You Begin Cloning a Management Agent
■
In silent mode, you use a compressed file (ZIP), which you transfer.
Understandably, this is a much easier method because you compress the Oracle
home of an existing Management Agent and transfer it to the destination host
without having to specify any parameters or values in an interview screen, but still
retaining all its configuration settings and applied one-off patches.
While cloning Management Agents in silent mode, you need to create a different
compressed file for every platform on which you want to deploy the cloned
Management Agent. Hence, this method is not ideal for the mass deployment of
Management Agents on hosts of different platforms. This method is a quick and
an effective one for deploying Management Agents on hosts that have the same
platform.
After installing a Management Agent, to monitor a target, add the target to Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control either using the Auto Discovery Results page, the Add Targets
Manually page, or the discovery wizards offered for the targets you want to monitor.
For information about discovering targets in Enterprise Manager Cloud Control, refer
to the chapter on adding targets in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Administrator's Guide.
Once the installation is complete, you will see the following default contents in the
agent base directory:
<agent_base_directory>
|_____core
|_____12.1.0.5.0
|_____plugins
|_____plugins.txt
|_____plugins.txt.status
|_____agent_inst
|_____sbin
|_____agentimage.properties
You can repoint your existing Management Agents to a new
Oracle Management Service (OMS). For information on how to do
this, see the Redirecting Oracle Management Agent to Another Oracle
Management Service Appendix present in Oracle Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control Advanced Installation Guide.
Note:
When you repoint your existing Management Agents to a new OMS,
you cannot move the targets monitored by the Management Agents,
the target history, and the Management Agent history. The monitored
targets and the history data is lost.
7.2 Before You Begin Cloning a Management Agent
Before you begin cloning an Oracle Management Agent, keep these points in mind:
■
■
(Only for Graphical Mode) The Add Host Targets Wizard converts an unmanaged
host to a managed host in the Enterprise Manager system by cloning an existing
Oracle Management Agent.
Oracle Management Agent 12c communicates only with Oracle Management
Service 12c and not with any earlier release of Enterprise Manager.
For more information on the compatibility between a particular version of Oracle
Management Agent 12c and a particular version of Oracle Management Service
12c, see Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.
7-2 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Before You Begin Cloning a Management Agent
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
(Only for Graphical Mode) Using the Add Host Targets Wizard, you can clone only
when the source host (from where you are cloning the Management Agent) and
the destination host are running on the same operating system. Therefore, if you
have hosts running on different platforms, then you must have one deployment
session per platform.
Ensure that you do not use the central agent (that is, the Management Agent
installed on the OMS host) as the source Management Agent.
While cloning, the source Management Agent is not shut down.
(Only for Graphical Mode) If you have multiple hosts, sharing a common mounted
drive, then install the Management Agents in two different phases:
1.
First, clone the Management Agent to the host where the drive is shared by
selecting the deployment type Clone Existing Agent in the Add Host Targets
Wizard. Follow the instructions outlined in this chapter.
2.
Then, install a Management Agent on all other hosts that access the shared,
mounted drive by selecting the deployment type Add Host to Shared Agent
in the Add Host Targets Wizard. (Here, you will select the Management Agent
you installed in the previous step.) For more information, follow the
instructions outlined in Chapter 8.
Cloning on shared clusters is NOT supported. If you have an Oracle RAC Cluster
with multiple nodes, then you must clone the Management Agent on each of the
nodes separately. In other words, in the Add Host Targets Wizard, you must add
each node explicitly as a destination host.
(Only for Graphical Mode) The Add Host Targets Wizard uses SSH to establish
connectivity between Oracle Management Service (OMS) and the remote hosts
where you want to install the Management Agents
(Only for Graphical Mode) Only SSH1 (SSH version 1) and SSH2 (SSH version 2)
protocols offered by OpenSSH are supported for deploying a Management Agent.
(Only for Graphical Mode) The Add Host Targets Wizard supports Named
Credentials that enable you to use a set of credentials registered with a particular
name specifically for this operation, by your administrator. This ensures an
additional layer of security for your passwords because as an operator, you can
only select the named credential, which is saved and stored by an administrator,
and not know the actual user name and password associated with it.
In case the named credential you select does not have the privileges to clone, then
you can set the named credential to run as another user (locked user account). In
this case, the wizard logs in to the hosts using the named credential you select, but
clones using the locked user account you set.
For example, you can create a named credential titled User_A (the user account
that has remote login access), and set it to run as User_X (the Management Agent
install user account for which no direct login is set) that has the required
privileges. In this case, the wizard logs in to the hosts as User_A, but installs as
User_X, using the privilege delegation setting (sudo or PowerBroker) specified in
the named credential.
■
(Only for Graphical Mode) Named credentials support SSH public key
authentication and password based authentication. So you can use an existing SSH
public key authentication without exposing your passwords.
To set up SSH public key authentication for a named credential, follow these steps:
Cloning Oracle Management Agents
7-3
Before You Begin Cloning a Management Agent
Note: If you have already set up SSH public key authentication for a
named credential and the SSH keys are already created, upload the
SSH keys to Enterprise Manager, as mentioned in Step 3 of the
following procedure.
1.
Navigate to the following location in the OMS home:
$<OMS_HOME>/oui/prov/resources/scripts
For example,
/home/software/em/middleware/oms/oui/prov/resources/scripts
2.
If the OMS host runs on Oracle Solaris, edit the sshUserSetup.sh script to
change the following:
"SunOS")
SSH="/usr/local/bin/ssh"
SSH_KEYGEN="/usr/local/bin/ssh-keygen"
to
"SunOS")
SSH="/usr/bin/ssh"
SSH_KEYGEN="/usr/bin/ssh-keygen"
3.
If the OMS host runs on any Unix based operating system, run the
sshUserSetup.sh script on the OMS host as the OMS user, and pass the
Management Agent install user name and the fully qualified name of the
target hosts:
sshUserSetup.sh -setup -user <agent_install_user_name> -hosts
<target_hosts>
The following SSH keys are created:
$HOME/.ssh/id_rsa
$HOME/.ssh/id_rsa_pub
Here, $HOME refers to the home directory of the OMS install user.
If the OMS host runs on Microsoft Windows, install Cygwin on the OMS host
(described in Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide),
then run the following script on the OMS host as the OMS user, and pass the
Management Agent install user name and the fully qualified name of the
target hosts:
sshUserSetupNT.sh -setup -user <agent_install_user_name> -hosts
<target_hosts>
4.
Upload the SSH keys to Enterprise Manager.
From the Setup menu, select Security, then select Named Credentials. Click
Create. For Credential Name, specify the name of the credential, for
Credential Type, select SSH Key Credentials, and for Scope, select Global. If
you do not select the Global option, you cannot use the SSH named credential
to install Management Agents using the Add Host Targets Wizard.
To upload one of the private SSH keys created in Step 3, in the Credential
Properties section, specify the location of the private SSH key as a value for
the Upload Private Key field. Click Save.
7-4 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Prerequisites for Cloning a Management Agent
To upload one of the public SSH keys created in Step 3, in the Credential
Properties section, specify the location of the public SSH key as a value for the
Upload Public Key field. Click Save.
Figure 7–1 describes how to upload SSH keys to Enterprise Manager.
Figure 7–1 Uploading SSH Keys to Enterprise Manager
If you have already set up SSH public key authentication for a named credential,
you can use the named credential while installing Management Agents using the
Add Host Targets Wizard.
■
■
■
■
By default, the Add Host Targets Wizard configures all the plug-ins that were
configured with the Management Agent you are cloning.
You must have read privileges on the Oracle WebLogic Server's alert log directories
for the Support Workbench (Incident) metrics to work properly. You must also
ensure that the Management Agent that is monitoring this Oracle WebLogic Server
target is running on the same host as the Oracle WebLogic Server.
Upgrading a lower release of Solaris by applying a kernel patch or a patch bundle
is not equivalent to installing the actual Solaris 5.10 Update 9 image. Oracle
Management Agent 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5) was built, tested, and certified on a
minimum update version of Solaris 5.10 Update 9, so Oracle recommends that you
install Oracle Management Agent only on Solaris 5.10 Update 9, and not on any
release that was upgraded using patches.
Changes done to the emd.properties file on the source host before cloning are not
carried over to the destination host after cloning.
7.3 Prerequisites for Cloning a Management Agent
Before cloning the Management Agent, ensure that you meet the following
prerequisites.
Cloning Oracle Management Agents
7-5
Prerequisites for Cloning a Management Agent
Table 7–1
Prerequisites for Cloning Oracle Management Agent
Requirement
Description
Hardware
Requirements
Ensure that you meet the hard disk space and physical memory
requirements. For more information, see the chapter on hardware
requirements in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic
Installation Guide.
Software Requirements (For Microsoft Windows) Ensure that you have installed Cygwin 1.7 on
the destination host. For more information, see the chapter on
(Only for Graphical
installing Cygwin in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic
Mode)
Installation Guide.
Note: While running cygwin.bat in Microsoft Windows Server 2008
and Microsoft Windows Vista, ensure that you invoke it in
administrator mode. To do this, right-click the cygwin.bat file and
select Run as administrator.
Operating System
Requirements
Ensure that you install the Management Agent only on certified
operating systems as mentioned in the Enterprise Manager
certification matrix available on My Oracle Support.
To access the Enterprise Manager certification matrix, follow the steps
outlined in Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation
Guide.
For information about platforms receiving future support, refer to My
Oracle Support note 793512.1.
Note: If you use Oracle Solaris 10, then ensure that you have update 9
or higher installed. To verify whether it is installed, run the following
command:
cat /etc/release
You should see the output similar to the following. Here, s10s_u6
indicates that update 6, which is not a supported update level for
installation, is installed.
Solaris 10 10/08 s10s_u6wos_07b SPARC
File System
Requirements
File Descriptor
Requirements
Ensure that the file system mounted on the destination host does not
permit buffered writes.
■
Ensure that the maximum user process limit is set to 13312 or
greater.
To verify the current value set, run the following command:
ulimit -u
If the current value is not 13312 or greater, then contact your
system administrator to set it to at least 13312.
■
Ensure that you set the soft limit of file descriptor to a minimum
of 4096 and hard limit less then or equal to 16384.
To verify the current value set, run the following commands:
For Soft Limit:
/bin/sh -c "ulimit -n"
For Hard Limit:
/bin/sh -c "ulimit -Hn"
If the current value is not 4096 or greater, then as a root user,
update the /etc/security/limits.conf file with the following
entries:
<UID> soft nofile 4096
<UID> hard nofile 16384
7-6 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Prerequisites for Cloning a Management Agent
Table 7–1 (Cont.) Prerequisites for Cloning Oracle Management Agent
Requirement
Description
Package Requirements
Ensure that you install all the operating system-specific packages. For
more information, see the chapter on package requirements in the
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.
User and Operating
System Group
Requirement
Ensure that the destination host where you want to install the
Management Agent has the appropriate users and operating system
groups created.
For more information, see the chapter on creating operating system
groups and users in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic
Installation Guide.
Note: If your enterprise has a policy against installing Management
Agents using the OMS install operating system user account, you can
use a different operating system user account to install Management
Agents. However, ensure that the user account you use and the OMS
install user account belong to the same primary group.
/etc/hosts File
Requirements
Ensure that the /etc/hosts file on the host has the IP address, the
fully qualified name, and the short name in the following format:
172.16.0.0
Destination Host
Requirements
example.com
mypc
Ensure that the destination hosts are accessible from the host where
the OMS is running.
If the destination host and the host on which OMS is running belong
to different network domains, then ensure that you update the
/etc/hosts file on the destination host to add a line with the IP
address of that host, the fully qualified name of that host, and the
short name of the host.
For example, if the fully-qualified host name is example.com and the
short name is mypc, then add the following line in the /etc/hosts file:
172.16.0.0
Destination Host
Credential
Requirements
(Only for Graphical
Mode)
example.com
mypc
Ensure that all the destination hosts running on the same operating
system have the same set of credentials. For example, all the
destination hosts running on Linux operating system must have the
same set of credentials.
The wizard installs the Management Agent using the same user
account. If you have hosts running on the same operating system but
with different credentials, then have two different deployment
sessions.
Cloning Oracle Management Agents
7-7
Prerequisites for Cloning a Management Agent
Table 7–1 (Cont.) Prerequisites for Cloning Oracle Management Agent
Requirement
Description
Destination Host Time
Zone Requirements
Ensure that the time zones of the destination hosts have been set
correctly. To verify the time zone of a destination host, log in to the
OMS host, and run the following command:
(Only for Graphical
Mode)
ssh -l <install_user> <destination_host_name> /bin/sh -c
'echo $TZ’
If the time zone displayed is incorrect, log in to the destination host,
and follow these steps:
1.
Run the following commands to set the time zone on the
destination host:
■
For Korn shell:
TZ=<value>
export TZ
■
For Bourne shell or Bash shell:
export TZ=<value>
■
For C shell:
setenv TZ <value>
For example, in the Bash shell, run the following command to set
the time zone to America/New_York:
export TZ=’America/New_York’
To set the time zone on a destination host that runs on Microsoft
Windows, from the Start menu, select Control Panel. Click Date
and Time, then select the Time Zone tab. Select your time zone
from the displayed drop down list.
To view a list of the time zones you can use, access the
supportedtzs.lst file present in the <AGENT_
HOME>/sysman/admin directory of the central agent (that is, the
Management Agent installed on the OMS host).
2.
Restart the SSH daemon.
If the destination host runs on a UNIX based operating system,
run the following command:
sudo /etc/init.d/sshd restart
If the destination host runs on a Microsoft Windows operating
system, run the following commands:
cygrunsrv -E sshd
cygrunsrv -S sshd
3.
Verify whether the SSH server can access the TZ environment
variable by logging in to the OMS host, and running the
following command:
ssh -l <install_user> <destination_host_name> /bin/sh -c
'echo $TZ'
Note: If you had ignored a prerequisite check warning about wrong
time zone settings during the cloning procedure, you must set the
correct time zone on the destination hosts after cloning the
Management Agent. For information on setting time zones post
cloning, see Section 7.5.
7-8 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Prerequisites for Cloning a Management Agent
Table 7–1 (Cont.) Prerequisites for Cloning Oracle Management Agent
Requirement
Description
Time Zone
Requirements
Ensure that the host time zone has been set correctly. To verify the
host time zone, run the following command:
(Only for Silent Mode)
echo $TZ
If the time zone displayed is incorrect, run the following commands,
before running the agentDeploy.sh or agentDeploy.bat scripts, to set
the correct time zone:
■
For Korn shell:
TZ=<value>
export TZ
■
For Bourne shell or Bash shell:
export TZ=<value>
■
For C shell:
setenv TZ <value>
For example, in the Bash shell, run the following command to set the
time zone to America/New_York:
export TZ=’America/New_York’
To set the time zone on a destination host that runs on Microsoft
Windows, from the Start menu, select Control Panel. Click Date and
Time, then select the Time Zone tab. Select your time zone from the
displayed drop down list.
To view a list of the time zones you can use, access the
supportedtzs.lst file present in the <AGENT_HOME>/sysman/admin
directory of the central agent (that is, the Management Agent
installed on the OMS host).
Note:
■
■
If you are installing a Management Agent on a host that runs on
Microsoft Windows Server 2003, and you encounter an error
when you use the Asia/Kolkata time zone, see the My Oracle
Support note 1530571.1.
If you had ignored a prerequisite check warning about wrong
time zone settings during the cloning procedure, you must set
the correct time zone on the host after cloning the Management
Agent. For information on setting time zones post cloning, see
Section 7.5.
Note: If you had ignored a prerequisite check warning about wrong
time zone settings during the cloning procedure, you must set the
correct time zone on the host after cloning the Management Agent.
For information on setting time zones post cloning, see Section 7.5.
Cloning Oracle Management Agents
7-9
Prerequisites for Cloning a Management Agent
Table 7–1 (Cont.) Prerequisites for Cloning Oracle Management Agent
Requirement
Description
sudo/pbrun/sesu/su
SSH Requirements
(Only for UNIX)
(Only for Graphical
Mode)
Ensure that you set the oracle.sysman.prov.agentpush.enablePty
property to true in the $<OMS_
HOME>/sysman/prov/agentpush/agentpush.properties file, if the
privilege delegation tool you are using requires a pseudo terminal for
remote command execution via SSH. Most privilege delegation tools
such as pbrun, sesu, and su require a pseudo terminal for remote
command execution, by default.
Note: If you are using sudo as your privilege delegation tool, and you
do not want to set the oracle.sysman.prov.agentpush.enablePty
property to true, do one of the following:
■
Include Defaults visiblepw in the /etc/sudoers file, or enter
the sudo command with the -S option for Privileged Delegation
Setting on the Installation Details page.
For information on how to access the Installation Details page,
see Section 7.4.1.
■
Comment out Defaults requiretty in the /etc/sudoers file.
sudo/pbrun/sesu/su (Only for UNIX)
Requirements (for Root
■
Ensure that the installing user has the privileges to invoke the id
User)
command and the agentdeployroot.sh script as root. Grant the
privileges in the configuration file of your privilege delegation
(Only for Graphical
tool.
Mode)
For example, if you are using sudo as your privilege delegation
tool, include the following in the /etc/sudoers file to grant the
required privileges:
<install_user> ALL=(root) /usr/bin/id, <agent_
home>/*/agentdeployroot.sh
For example, oracle ALL=(root) /usr/bin/id,
/home/oracle/agentibd/*/agentdeployroot.sh
Here, oracle is the installing user, and /home/oracle/agentibd
is the Management Agent home, that is, the agent base directory.
■
You do not require the following entry in the /etc/sudoers file
for installing a Management Agent. However, the entry is
required for performing provisioning and patching operations in
Enterprise Manager. Therefore, if you are removing this entry
before installing a Management Agent, then ensure that you
bring back the entry after installing the Management Agent.
In Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 2 (12.1.0.2),
Release 3 (12.1.0.3), Release 4 (12.1.0.4), or Release 5 (12.1.0.5):
(root) /<AGENT_BASE_DIRECTORY>/sbin/nmosudo
In Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 1 (12.1.0.1)
[with Bundle Patch 1]:
(root) /<AGENT_INSTANCE_DIRECTORY>/bin/nmosudo
7-10 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Prerequisites for Cloning a Management Agent
Table 7–1 (Cont.) Prerequisites for Cloning Oracle Management Agent
Requirement
Description
sudo/pbrun/sesu/su
Requirements (for
Locked Account User)
(Only for UNIX)
(Only for Graphical
Mode)
Ensure that the installing user has the privileges to invoke /bin/sh as
the locked account user. Grant the privileges in the configuration file
of your privilege delegation tool.
For example, if you are using sudo as your privilege delegation tool,
include the following in the /etc/sudoers file to grant the required
privileges:
login_user1 ALL=(oracle) /bin/sh
Here, login_user1 is the SSH log in user, and oracle is the locked
account and install user.
If you do not want to grant privileges to the installing user to invoke
/bin/sh as the locked account user, set the
oracle.sysman.prov.agentpush.pdpShellOutEnabled property to
false, and ensure that the installing user has the privileges to invoke
id, chmod, cp, mkdir, rm, tar, emctl, agentDeploy.sh,
runInstaller, and unzip as the locked account user. Grant the
privileges in the configuration file of your privilege delegation tool.
For example, if you are using sudo as your privilege delegation tool,
include the following in the /etc/sudoers file to grant the required
privileges:
login_user1 ALL=(oracle) /usr/bin/id, /bin/chmod, /bin/cp,
/bin/mkdir, /bin/rm, /bin/tar, /home/oracle/agentibd/agent_
inst/bin/emctl, /home/oracle/agentibd/*/agentDeploy.sh,
/home/oracle/agentibd/*/prereq_
stage/core/12.1.0.5.0/oui/bin/runInstaller,
/home/oracle/agentibd/*/unzip,
/home/oracle/agentibd/*/unzipTmp/unzip
Here, login_user1 is the SSH log in user, oracle is the locked
account and install user, and /home/oracle/agentibd is the agent
base directory.
Permission
Requirements
■
■
PATH Environment
Variable Requirements
Ensure that the agent base directory you specify is empty and
has write permission.
Ensure that the instance directory is empty and has write
permission.
On the destination host, ensure the following:
■
(Only for Graphical
Mode)
■
(For Microsoft Windows) Ensure that the Cygwin software location
appears before other software locations in the PATH
environment variable. After making it the first entry, restart the
SSH daemon (sshd).
(For UNIX) On the destination host, ensure that the SCP binaries
(for example, /usr/bin/scp) are in the PATH environment
variable:
Path Validation
Requirements
Validate the path to all command locations. For more information, see
the appendix on validating command locations in the Oracle
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.
CLASSPATH
Environment Variable
Requirements
Unset the CLASSPATH environment variable. You can always reset the
variable to the original value after the installation is complete.
Cloning Oracle Management Agents 7-11
Prerequisites for Cloning a Management Agent
Table 7–1 (Cont.) Prerequisites for Cloning Oracle Management Agent
Requirement
Description
Temporary Directory
Space Requirements
Ensure that you allocate 400 MB of space for a temporary directory
where the executables can be copied.
By default, the temporary directory location set to the environment
variable TMP or TEMP is honored. If both are set, then TEMP is
honored. If none of them are set, then the following default values are
honored: /tmp on UNIX hosts and c:\Temp on Microsoft Windows
hosts.
Agent Base Directory
Requirements
Ensure that the agent base directory is empty and has at least 1 GB of
free space.
Ensure that the directory name does not contain any spaces.
The install user owns the agent base directory. The agent base
directory and the parent directories of the agent base directory have
read, write, and execute permissions for the install user. Ensure that
the install user or the root user owns all the parent directories of the
agent base directory, and that the parent directories have read and
execute permissions for the install user group and all the other users.
Also, ensure that the root user owns the root directory.
For example, if the agent base directory is
/scratch/OracleHomes/agent, and oracle is the install user, then the
/scratch/OracleHomes/agent directory must be owned by oracle,
directories scratch and OracleHomes must be owned by either oracle
or the root user, and the root directory (/) must be owned by the root
user.
If the agent base directory is mounted, then ensure that it is mounted
with the setuid turned on.
Default SSH Port
Requirements
(Only for Graphical
Mode)
Ensure that the SSH daemon is running on the default port (that is,
22) on all the destination hosts. To verify the SSH port on a Unix host,
run the following command:
netstat -anp | grep -i sshd
For example, the output of this command may be the following:
tcp
0 0 0.0.0.0:22
3188/sshd
0.0.0.0:*
LISTEN
The above output indicates that the SSH daemon is running on port
22.
Also, on a Unix host, you can run the following command to verify
the SSH port:
cat /etc/ssh/sshd_config
For a Microsoft Windows host, the SSH port value is mentioned in the
C:\cygwin\etc\sshd_config file.
If the SSH port is a non-default port, that is, any port other than 22,
then update the SSH_PORT property in the following file:
$<OMS_HOME>/oui/prov/resources/Paths.properties
Software Availability
Requirements
(Only for Graphical
Mode)
For Cloning an Existing Management Agent
Ensure that you already have Oracle Management Agent 12c running
in your environment. Ensure that the platform on which it is running
is the same as the platform of the destination hosts on which you
want to clone.
For Installing a Management Agent Using Shared Oracle Home
Ensure that you already have Oracle Management Agent 12c installed
as a Master Agent in a shared, mounted location.
7-12 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Prerequisites for Cloning a Management Agent
Table 7–1 (Cont.) Prerequisites for Cloning Oracle Management Agent
Requirement
Description
Installation Base
Directory
Requirements
Ensure that the agent base directory you specify in the Installation
Base Directory field is empty and has write permission.
(Only for Graphical
Mode)
Job System
Requirements
Ensure that the job system is enabled on the source Management
Agent you want to clone.
Installing User
Requirements
If the central inventory owner and the user installing the
Management Agent are different, then ensure that they are part of the
same group.
Also ensure that the inventory owner and the group to which the
owner belongs have read and write permissions on the inventory
directory.
For example, if the inventory owner is abc and the user installing the
Management Agent is xyz, then ensure that abc and xyz belong to the
same group, and they have read and write access to the inventory.
Central Inventory
(oraInventory)
Requirements
■
■
Ensure that you allocate 100 MB of space on all destination hosts
for the Central Inventory.
Ensure that you have read, write, and execute permissions on
oraInventory on all destination hosts. If you do not have these
permissions on the default inventory (typically at
/etc/oraInst.loc) on any destination host, then ensure that you
specify the path to an alternative inventory location by using one
of the following options in the Additional Parameters field of the
Add Host Targets Wizard. However, these parameters are
supported only on UNIX platforms, and not on Microsoft
Windows platforms.
INVENTORY_LOCATION=<absolute_path_to_inventory_
directory>
-invPtrLoc <absolute_path_to_oraInst.loc>
Port Requirements
Ensure that the default ports described in Section 2.1.10.1 are free.
Agent User Account
(For Microsoft Windows) If you are installing the Management Agent
Permissions and Rights on a Microsoft Windows-based operating system, then ensure that the
agent user account has permissions and rights to perform the
(Only for Microsoft
following:
Windows)
■
Act as part of the operating system.
■
Adjust memory quotas for a process.
■
Replace process level token.
■
Log on as a batch job.
To verify whether the agent user has these rights, follow these steps:
1.
Launch the Local Security Policy.
From the Start menu, click Settings and then select Control
Panel. From the Control Panel window, select Administrative
Tools, and from the Administrative Tools window, select Local
Security Policy.
2.
In the Local Security Policy window, from the tree structure,
expand Local Policies, and then expand User Rights
Assignment.
Cloning Oracle Management Agents 7-13
Cloning a Management Agent
Table 7–1 (Cont.) Prerequisites for Cloning Oracle Management Agent
Requirement
Description
Permissions for
cmd.exe
(For Microsoft Windows) If you are installing the Management Agent
on a Microsoft Windows-based operating system, then ensure that
you grant the Cmd.exe program Read and Execute permissions for the
user account that the batch job runs under. This is a restriction from
Microsoft.
For more information on this restriction and to understand how you
can grant these permissions, access the following URL to Microsoft
Web site:
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/867466/en-us
Runtime Library File
Requirements
(For Microsoft Windows) If you are installing the Management Agent
on a Microsoft Windows-based operating system, then ensure that the
Msvcp71.dll and Msvcr71.dll runtime library files are present in
c:\windows\system32.
Preinstallation/Postins Ensure that the preinstallation and postinstallation scripts that you
tallation Scripts
want to run along with the installation are available either on the
Requirements
OMS host, destination hosts, or on a shared location accessible to the
destination hosts.
(Only for Graphical
Mode)
Browser Requirements
■
Ensure that you use a certified browser as mentioned in the
Enterprise Manager certification matrix available on My Oracle
Support.
To access the Enterprise Manager certification matrix, follow the
steps outlined in Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic
Installation Guide.
■
If you use Microsoft Internet Explorer 8 or 9, do the following:
■
■
Turn off the compatibility view
mode. To do so, in Microsoft Internet
Explorer, from the Tools menu, click
Compatibility View to disable it if it
is enabled. Also, click Compatibility
View Settings and deregister the
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
console URL.
Enable XMLHTTP. To do so, from
the Tools menu, click Internet
Options. Click the Advanced tab,
and under the Security heading,
select Enable native XMLHTTP
support to enable it.
7.4 Cloning a Management Agent
This section describes the following:
■
Cloning a Management Agent in Graphical Mode
■
Cloning a Management Agent in Silent Mode
7-14 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Cloning a Management Agent
Important: If the OMS host is running on Microsoft Windows, and
the OMS software was installed in a drive other than C:\, then update
the SCRATCH_PATH variable in $OMS_
HOME\oui\prov\resources\ssPaths_msplats.properties.
For example, if the OMS software was installed in D:\, ensure that
you update the SCRATCH_PATH variable to D:\tmpada
7.4.1 Cloning a Management Agent in Graphical Mode
This section describes how to clone a Management Agent using the Cloud Control
console. It consists of the following:
■
Cloning a Management Agent Using Add Host Targets Wizard
■
Format of Host List File
■
Additional Parameters Supported for Cloning a Management Agent in Graphical
Mode
7.4.1.1 Cloning a Management Agent Using Add Host Targets Wizard
To clone a Management Agent in graphical mode using Add Host Targets Wizard,
follow these steps:
1.
In Cloud Control, do one of the following:
■
From the Setup menu, select Add Target, and then, click Auto Discovery
Results. On the Auto Discovery Results page, select a host you want to
monitor in Enterprise Manager Cloud Control, and click Promote.
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control displays the Add Host Wizard, where you
can select the option to clone an existing Management Agent.
■
From the Setup menu, select Add Target, and then, click Add Targets
Manually. On the Add Targets Manually page, select Add Host Targets and
click Add Host.
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control displays the Add Host Wizard, where you
can select the option to clone an existing Management Agent.
Cloning Oracle Management Agents 7-15
Cloning a Management Agent
2.
On the Host and Platform page, do the following:
a.
Accept the default name assigned for this session or enter a unique name of
your choice. The custom name you enter can be any intuitive name, and need
not necessarily be in the same format as the default name. For example, add_
host_operation_1
A unique deployment activity name enables you to save the cloning details
specified in this deployment session and reuse them in the future without
having to enter all the details all over again in the new session.
b.
Click Add to enter the fully qualified name and select the platform of the host
on which you want to clone the Management Agent.
Note:
■
■
■
Oracle recommends you to enter the fully qualified domain name
of the host. For monitoring purpose, Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control adds that host and the Management Agent with the exact
name you enter here.
You must enter only one host name per row. Entering multiple
host names separated by a comma is not supported.
You must ensure that the host name you enter does not have
underscores.
Alternatively, you can click either Load from File to add host names stored in
a file, or Add Discovered Hosts to add host names from a list of hosts
discovered by Enterprise Manager. For information on how the host name
entries must appear in the host file, see Section 7.4.1.2.
When you click Add Discovered Hosts and add hosts from a
list of discovered hosts, the host's platform is automatically detected
and displayed. The platform name is detected using a combination of
factors, including hints received from automated discovery and the
platform of the OMS host. This default platform name is a suggestion,
so Oracle strongly recommends you to verify the platform details
before proceeding to the next step.
Note:
As you can clone only if the source host and destination host are running on
the same platform, set the platform for the first host in the first row of the table
and from the Platform list, select Same for All Hosts. This will ensure that the
platform name you selected for the first host is also set for the rest of the hosts
in the table.
7-16 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Cloning a Management Agent
If you are cloning a Management Agent on a platform that is
different from the platform on which the OMS host is running, then
ensure that the Management Agent software for that platform is
available in Oracle Software Library (Software Library). If the
Management Agent software for the required platform is not available
in Software Library, acquire and apply the software using the Self
Update console.
Note:
To access the Self Update Console, from the Setup menu, select
Extensibility, then select Self Update. To acquire the latest
Management Agent software, click Agent Software, select the
required software, then click Download.
For more information on how to acquire and apply the Management
Agent software for a platform using the Self Update console, see
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.
c.
3.
Click Next.
On the Installation Details page, do the following:
a.
In the Deployment Type section, select Clone Existing Agent. Then, for Select
Target, click the torch icon and select the Management Agent you want to
clone.
Note:
■
■
Ensure that you do not use the central agent (that is, the
Management Agent installed on the OMS host) as the source
Management Agent.
If you have multiple hosts sharing a common mounted drive, then
install the Management Agents in two different phases:
1.
In the Add Host Targets Wizard, select the
deployment type Clone Existing Agent, and
clone the Management Agent to the host
where the drive is shared.
2.
In the Add Host Targets Wizard, select the
deployment type Add Host to Shared
Agent, and install a Management Agent on
all other hosts that access the shared,
mounted drive. (Here, you will select the
Management Agent you cloned in the
previous step as the master agent or shared
agent.)
Figure 7–2 describes this step.
Cloning Oracle Management Agents 7-17
Cloning a Management Agent
Figure 7–2 Cloning a Management Agent
b.
From the table, select the first row that indicates the hosts grouped by their
common platform name.
c.
In the Installation Details section, provide the installation details common to
the hosts selected in Step 3 (b). For Installation Base Directory, enter the
absolute path to the agent base directory where you want the software
binaries, security files, and inventory files of the Management Agent to be
copied.
For example, /usr/home/software/oracle/agentHome
If the path you enter does not exist, the application creates a directory at the
specified path, and copies the Management Agent software binaries, security
files, and inventory files there.
The Installation Base Directory is essentially the agent base
directory. Ensure that the directory you provide is empty. If a
previously run deployment session had failed for some reason, then
you might see an ADATMP_<timestamp> subdirectory in the
installation base directory. In this case, either delete the subdirectory
and start a new deployment session, or retry the failed session from
the Add Host Status page.
Note:
d.
For Instance Directory, accept the default instance directory location or enter
the absolute path to a directory of your choice where all Management
Agent-related configuration files can be stored.
For example, /usr/home/software/oracle/agentHome/agent_inst
If you are entering a custom location, then ensure that the directory has write
permission. Oracle recommends you to maintain the instance directory inside
the installation base directory.
7-18 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Cloning a Management Agent
If the path you enter does not exist, the application creates a directory at the
specified path, and stores all the Management Agent-related configuration
files there.
e.
From Named Credential list, select an appropriate profile whose credentials
can be used for setting up the SSH connectivity between the OMS and the
remote hosts, and for installing a Management Agent on each of the remote
hosts.
Note:
■
■
■
f.
If you do not have a credential profile, or if you have one but do
not see it in the Named Credential list, then click the plus icon
against this list. In the Create New Named Credential window,
enter the credentials and store them with an appropriate profile
name so that it can be selected and used for installing the
Management Agents. Also set the run privilege if you want to
switch over from the Named Credential you are creating, to
another user who has the privileges to perform the installation.
If the plus icon is disabled against this list, then you do not have
the privileges to create a profile with credentials. In this case,
contact your administrator and either request him/her to grant
you the privileges to create a new profile or request him/her to
create a profile and grant you the access to view it in the Named
Credential list.
If you have manually set up SSH public key authentication
between the OMS and the remote hosts, then you may not have a
password for your user account. In this case, create a named
credential with a dummy password. Do NOT leave the password
field blank.
For Privileged Delegation Setting, validate the Privilege Delegation setting to
be used for running the root scripts. By default, it is set to the Privilege
Delegation setting configured in Enterprise Manager Cloud Control.
For example, you can specify one of the following for the Privileged
Delegation Setting field:
/usr/bin/sudo -u %RUNAS% %COMMAND%
/usr/bin/sudo -u -S %RUNAS% %COMMAND% (if a pseudo terminal is required for
remote command execution via SSH)
/usr/bin/sesu - %RUNAS% -c "%COMMAND%"
/usr/bin/pbrun %PROFILE% -u %RUNAS% %COMMAND%
/usr/bin/su - %RUNAS% -c "%COMMAND%"
If you leave the Privileged Delegation Setting field blank, the root scripts will
not be run by the wizard; you will have to run them manually after the
installation. For information about running them manually, see Section 7.5.
This setting will also be used for performing the installation as the user set in
the Run As attribute of the selected Named Credential if you had set the user
while creating that Named Credential.
Cloning Oracle Management Agents 7-19
Cloning a Management Agent
Note: In the Privilege Delegation setting, the %RUNAS% is honored as
the root user for running the root scripts and as the user set in the Run
As attribute of the Named Credential for performing the installation.
g.
For Port, accept the default port (3872) that is assigned for the Management
Agent to communicate, or enter a port of your choice.
The custom port you enter must not be busy. If you are not sure, you can leave
this field blank. Enterprise Manager Cloud Control automatically assigns the
first available free port within the range of 1830 - 1849.
h.
(Optional) In the Optional Details section, enter the absolute path to an
accessible location where the preinstallation and postinstallation scripts you
want to run are available. Note that only one preinstallation or one
postinstallation script can be specified.
If you want to run the script as root, then select Run as Root. If the script is on
the host where OMS is running and is not on the host where you want to
install the Management Agent, then select Script on OMS. In this case, the
script will be copied from the OMS host to the destination hosts, and then run
on the destination hosts.
i.
(Optional) For Additional Parameters, enter a whitespace-separate list of
additional parameters that you want to pass during the installation. For a
complete list of supported additional parameters, see Table 7–2.
For example, if you want to provide the inventory pointer location file, then
enter -invPtrLoc followed by the absolute path to the file location. Note that
this parameter is supported only on UNIX platforms, and not on Microsoft
Windows platforms.
4.
j.
Repeat Step 3 (b) to Step 3 (i) for every other row you have in the table.
k.
Click Next.
On the Review page, review the details you have provided and if you are satisfied
with the details, then click Deploy Agent to clone the Management Agent.
If you want to modify the details, then click Back repeatedly to reach the page
where you want to make the changes.
When you click Deploy Agent and submit the deployment session, you are
automatically taken to the Add Host Status page that enables you to monitor the
progress of the deployment session.
On the Add Host Status page, if you see the error message
Copying Source Agent Image Failed, then refer to the following log file in
the OMS home:
Note:
$<OMS_
HOME>/sysman/prov/agentpush/<timestampdir>/applogs/deployfwk
.log
This error usually occurs when the job system is not enabled on the
source Management Agent you are cloning. Ensure that the job system
is enabled.
7-20 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Cloning a Management Agent
7.4.1.2 Format of Host List File
In the Add Host Targets Wizard, you can click Load from File to add the hosts listed in
a file. However, ensure that the file you select has one of the following formats:
■
Only the host name.
For Example,
host1.example.com
host2.example.com
■
The host name followed by the platform name.
For Example,
host1.example.com linux_x64
host2.example.com aix
The supported platform names are linux_x64, linux, solaris, hpunix, hpi, linux64_
zseries, aix, linux_ppc64, windows_x64, solaris_x64, win32.
7.4.1.3 Additional Parameters Supported for Cloning a Management Agent in
Graphical Mode
Table 7–2 lists the additional parameters supported for cloning a Management Agent
in graphical mode.
Table 7–2
Supported Additional Parameters
Parameter
Description
INVENTORY_
LOCATION
Enter the absolute path to the Central Inventory (oraInventory).
For example, INVENTORY_LOCATION=$HOME/oraInventory
Important:
■
■
■
-invPtrLoc
This parameter is supported only on Unix platforms, and not on
Microsoft Windows platforms.
Ensure that you use this parameter only when no other Oracle
product is installed on the remote host, and the Central Inventory
pointer /var/opt/oracle/oraInst.loc (for Solaris and HP-UX
platforms) or /etc/oraInst.loc (for other Unix platforms) does
not exist.
If you use this parameter, ensure that you do not use the
-invPtrLoc parameter.
Enter the absolute path to the inventory file that has the location of
the Central Inventory (oraInventory).
For example, -invPtrLoc /tmp/oraInst.loc
Important:
■
■
■
This parameter is supported only on Unix platforms, and not on
Microsoft Windows platforms.
You can use this parameter even when another Oracle product is
already installed on the remote host, and the Central Inventory
pointer /var/opt/oracle/oraInst.loc (for Solaris and HP-UX
platforms) or /etc/oraInst.loc (for other Unix platforms) exists.
If you use this parameter, ensure that you do not use the
INVENTORY_LOCATION parameter.
Cloning Oracle Management Agents 7-21
Cloning a Management Agent
Table 7–2 (Cont.) Supported Additional Parameters
Parameter
Description
s_agentSrvcName
(Only for Microsoft Windows) Enter a custom name for the
Management Agent service.
Every Management Agent appears as a service in Microsoft Windows,
and every Management Agent has a default service name. If you want
to assign a custom name to identify it, then use this parameter.
For example, s_agentSrvcName=agentsrvc1
Note: If you upgrade a 12c Release 1 (12.1.0.1), Release 2 (12.1.0.2),
Release 3 (12.1.0.3), or a Release 4 (12.1.0.4) Management Agent
installed on a Microsoft Windows host to 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5), and
you want to install another Management Agent on the same host,
reporting to a different OMS, ensure that you specify the s_
agentSrvcName parameter.
EM_STAGE_DIR
Enter the absolute path to a custom location that can be created as a
temporary Provisioning Advisor Framework (PAF) staging directory.
By default, every time you install a Management Agent, a PAF
staging directory is created for copying the Software Library entities
related to the deployment procedures. By default, this location is the
scratch path location (/tmp). The location is used only for
provisioning activities—entities are copied for a deployment
procedure, and then, deleted once the deployment procedure ends.
If you want to override this location with a custom location, you can
pass this option and enter a custom location.
For example,
EM_STAGE_DIR=/home/john/software/oracle/pafdir
b_startAgent=false
Specify this parameter if you do not want the Management Agent to
start automatically once it is installed and configured.
If you do not specify this parameter, the Management Agent starts
automatically once it is installed and configured.
b_secureAgent=false
Specify this parameter if you do not want the Management Agent to
be secured after the install.
If you specify this parameter, ensure that you also specify the OMS
HTTP port, using the EM_UPLOAD_PORT parameter.
For example, b_secureAgent=false EM_UPLOAD_PORT=4899
If you do not specify this parameter, the Management Agent is
secured automatically after the install.
7.4.2 Cloning a Management Agent in Silent Mode
To clone a Management Agent manually, follow these steps:
Ensure that you do not use the central agent (that is, the
Management Agent installed on the OMS host) as the source
Management Agent.
Important:
1.
Set the required environment variables as described in Table 7–3.
7-22 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Cloning a Management Agent
Table 7–3
AGENT_
BASE_DIR
Setting Environment Variables for Cloning in Silent Mode
Set it to the installation base
directory of the
Management Agent you
want to clone.
■
In bash terminal, run the following
command:
export AGENT_BASE_DIR=<absolute_path_
to_agent_install_base_dir>
For example,
export AGENT_BASE_
DIR=/u01/app/Oracle/software/agent
■
In other terminals, run the following
command:
setenv AGENT_BASE_DIR <absolute_path_
to_agent_install_base_dir>
For example,
setenv AGENT_BASE_DIR
/u01/app/Oracle/software/agent
AGENT_
HOME
Set it to the Oracle home of
the Management Agent.
■
For example,
In bash terminal, run the following
command:
export AGENT_HOME=<absolute_path_to_
agent_home>
/u01/app/Oracle/software
/agent/core/12.1.0.5.0
For example,
export AGENT_
HOME=/u01/app/Oracle/software/agent/co
re/12.1.0.5.0
■
In other terminals, run the following
command:
setenv AGENT_HOME <absolute_path_to_
agent_home>
For example,
setenv AGENT_HOME
/u01/app/Oracle/software/agent/core/12
.1.0.5.0
T_WORK
Set it to /tmp/clone_work.
■
In bash terminal, run the following
command:
export T_WORK=/tmp/clone_work
■
In other terminals, run the following
command:
setenv T_WORK /tmp/clone_work
2.
Navigate to the agent base directory:
cd $AGENT_BASE_DIR
3.
Run the create_plugin_list.pl script from the Management Agent Oracle home:
$AGENT_HOME/perl/bin/perl $AGENT_HOME/sysman/install/create_plugin_
list.pl -instancehome <AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME>
4.
Compress the directories and files present in the agent base directory, and create a
ZIP file in the temporary directory (represented by the environment variable T_
WORK):
zip -r $T_WORK/agentcoreimage.zip core sbin plugins plugins.txt
agentimage.properties
Cloning Oracle Management Agents 7-23
Cloning a Management Agent
5.
Navigate to the temporary directory (represented by the environment variable T_
WORK):
cd $T_WORK
6.
Copy the agentDeploy.sh to the temporary directory:
cp $AGENT_HOME/sysman/install/agentDeploy.sh .
7.
Copy the UNZIP utility to the temporary directory:
cp $AGENT_HOME/bin/unzip .
8.
Copy the agentimage.properties to the temporary directory:
cp $AGENT_BASE_DIR/agentimage.properties .
9.
Create the final ZIP file with all the contents to be transferred, in the temporary
directory:
zip -r agent.zip $T_WORK/*
10. Transfer the ZIP file to the installation base directory of the destination host using
a file transfer utility (for example, FTP).
11. Extract the contents of the ZIP file to a temporary directory on the destination host
(the temporary directory is referred to as <extracted_location> in the steps that
follow).
12. Create a response file titled agent.rsp (in the same directory) as described in
Table 6–3.
The response file you create can have any name, and not
necessarily agent.rsp. For easy understanding, this chapter uses the
name agent.rsp. Also, instead of creating a response file, you can
choose to pass the values in separate arguments while invoking the
deployment script. However, Oracle recommends that you create a
response file and capture the information there.
Note:
13. Invoke the deployment script and pass the response file:
<extracted_location>/agentDeploy.sh AGENT_BASE_DIR=<absolute_path_to_
clone_agentbasedir> RESPONSE_FILE=<absolute_path_to_responsefile>
7-24 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
After Cloning a Management Agent
Note:
■
Instead of creating a response file, if you choose to pass the values
in separate arguments, then invoke the deployment script with
some mandatory arguments in the following way:
<extracted_location>/agentDeploy.sh AGENT_BASE_
DIR=<absolute_path_to_agentbasedir> OMS_HOST=<oms_
hostname> EM_UPLOAD_PORT=<em_upload_port> AGENT_
REGISTRATION_PASSWORD=<password>
■
■
In addition to passing the agent base directory and a response file
(or individual mandatory arguments with installation details),
you can also pass other options that are supported by the
deployment script. For more information, see Section 6.4.9.
If the source Management Agent was installed using the Add
Host Targets Wizard, ensure that you specify the b_
startAgent=true and the b_secureAgent=true parameters while
invoking the deployment script.
7.5 After Cloning a Management Agent
After cloning a Management Agent, follow these steps:
1.
(Only for Graphical Mode) Verify the installation on the Add Host Status page.
Review the progress made on each of the phases of the deployment operation —
Initialization, Remote Prerequisite Check, and Agent Deployment.
In the Add Host Targets Wizard, after you click Deploy Agent
to install one or more Management Agents, you are automatically
taken to the Add Host Status page.
Note:
If you want to view the details or track the progress of all the
deployment sessions, then from the Setup menu, select Add Target,
and then, click Add Targets Manually. On the Add Targets Manually
page, select Add Host Targets and click Add Host Results.
If a particular phase fails or ends up with a warning, then review the details
provided for each phase in the Agent Deployment Details section, and do one of
the following:
■
■
Ignore the warning or failure, and continue with the session if you prefer.
–
You can choose to proceed with the deployment of Management Agents
only on those remote hosts that have successfully cleared the checks, and
you can ignore the ones that have Warning or Failed status. To do so, click
Continue and select Continue, Ignoring Failed Hosts.
–
You can choose to proceed with the deployment of Management Agents
on all the hosts, including the ones that have Warning or Failed status. To
do so, click Continue and select Continue, All Hosts.
Fix the problem by reviewing the error description carefully, understanding its
cause, and taking action as recommended by Oracle.
Cloning Oracle Management Agents 7-25
After Cloning a Management Agent
–
You can choose to retry the deployment of Management Agents with the
same installation details. To do so, click Retry and select Retry Using
Same Inputs.
–
You can retry the deployment of Management Agents with modified
installation details. To do so, click Retry and select Update Inputs and
Retry.
Note: If you see the error message Copying Source Agent Image Failed,
then refer to the following log file in the OMS home:
$<OMS_
HOME>/sysman/prov/agentpush/<timestampdir>/applogs/deployfwk
.log
This error usually occurs when the job system is not enabled on the
source Management Agent you are cloning. Ensure that the job system
is enabled.
2.
Perform the post installation steps as described in Section 6.5.
Note:
■
■
If Oracle Management Agents 12c (12.1.0.x) hang frequently or do
not respond on Solaris 9ux and 10ux operating systems, then refer
to document ID 1427773.1 on My Oracle Support.
You can repoint your existing Management Agents to a new
Oracle Management Service (OMS). For information on how to do
this, see the Redirecting Oracle Management Agent to Another
Oracle Management Service Appendix present in Oracle Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation Guide.
When you repoint your existing Management Agents to a new
OMS, you cannot move the targets monitored by the Management
Agents, the target history, and the Management Agent history.
The monitored targets and the history data is lost.
7-26 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
8
Installing Shared Agents
8
This chapter describes how you can install a Shared Agent with the help of a central,
shared Oracle home location of an existing Oracle Management Agent (Management
Agent) that is installed on an NFS-mounted drive.
■
Overview of Installing Shared Agents
■
Before You Begin Installing Shared Agents
■
Prerequisites for Installing Shared Agents
■
Installing Shared Agents
■
After Installing Shared Agents
8.1 Overview of Installing Shared Agents
Shared Agent is a Management Agent that is installed on a remote host, using the
binaries of an existing Management Agent. The Management Agent that shares its
software binaries, in this context, is called the Master Agent, and the one that is
configured with an instance directory on the remote host is called a Shared Agent or an
NFS Agent.
This feature facilitates the installation of multiple Management Agents by making use
of very limited resources, and helps you carry out lifecycle operations with ease. For
example, patching the Master Agent updates all its Shared Agents.
You can take advantage of this operation by installing additional Management Agents
on hosts that share a mounted drive where a Management Agent is already installed.
Such an operation makes use of the software binaries of the shared Oracle home
present on the mounted drive, and configures the remote hosts such that they are
managed by that Management Agent, thereby capitalizing on the NFS visibility and
saving hard disk space on the remote hosts.
You can install a Shared Agent in graphical or silent mode. In graphical mode, you use
the Add Host Targets Wizard that is accessible from within the Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control console. In silent mode, you use the AgentNFS.pl script.
The wizard and the script use the software binaries from the shared Oracle home and
configure an instance directory on each of the destination hosts for storing
configuration files such as emd.properties, targets.xml, log files, and so on.
Installing Shared Agents
8-1
Before You Begin Installing Shared Agents
Note:
■
■
■
Shared Agents can be installed on Exalogic systems.
Installing a Shared Agent on a host running on Microsoft Windows
is not supported.
Unlike the Add Host Target Wizard, the AgentNFS.pl script must
be run only from a destination host, and at a given time, only one
Management Agent can be installed. Therefore, if you want to
install only a few Management Agents, then use the AgentNFS.pl
script.
8.2 Before You Begin Installing Shared Agents
Before you begin installing a Shared Agent, keep these points in mind:
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
When you install a Shared Agent, you only configure an instance directory on the
destination host to store configuration files; you do not actually install a
Management Agent. However, a Shared Agent installed on a host behaves exactly
like a Management Agent, and has all the features and capabilities of a
Management Agent.
Only the destination host and the Shared Agent installed on it get automatically
discovered and monitored in the Enterprise Manager system. The targets running
on that destination host do not get automatically discovered and added to the
Enterprise Manager system.
The source host (where the Master Agent is running) and the destination host must
be running on the same operating system.
The Master Agent and the Shared Agent must be installed with the same user
account.
(Only for Graphical Mode) The Add Host Targets Wizard uses SSH to establish
connectivity between Oracle Management Service (OMS) and the remote hosts
where you want to install the Management Agents.
(Only for Graphical Mode) Only SSH1 (SSH version 1) and SSH2 (SSH version 2)
protocols offered by OpenSSH are supported for deploying a Management Agent.
(Only for Graphical Mode) The Add Host Targets Wizard supports Named
Credentials that enable you to use a set of credentials registered with a particular
name specifically for this operation, by your administrator. This ensures an
additional layer of security for your passwords because as an operator, you can
only select the named credential, which is saved and stored by an administrator,
and not know the actual user name and password associated with it.
In case the named credential you select does not have the privileges to perform the
installation, then you can set the named credential to run as another user (locked
user account). In this case, the wizard logs in to the hosts using the named
credential you select, but performs the installation using the locked user account
you set.
For example, you can create a named credential titled User_A (the user account
that has remote login access), and set it to run as User_X (the Management Agent
install user account for which no direct login is set) that has the required
privileges. In this case, the wizard logs in to the hosts as User_A, but installs as
User_X, using the privilege delegation setting (sudo or PowerBroker) specified in
the named credential.
8-2 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Before You Begin Installing Shared Agents
■
(Only for Graphical Mode) Named credentials support SSH public key
authentication and password based authentication. So you can use an existing SSH
public key authentication without exposing your passwords.
To set up SSH public key authentication for a named credential, follow these steps:
Note: If you have already set up SSH public key authentication for a
named credential and the SSH keys are already created, upload the
SSH keys to Enterprise Manager, as mentioned in Step 3 of the
following procedure.
1.
Navigate to the following location in the OMS home:
$<OMS_HOME>/oui/prov/resources/scripts
For example,
/home/software/em/middleware/oms/oui/prov/resources/scripts
2.
If the OMS host runs on Oracle Solaris, edit the sshUserSetup.sh script to
change the following:
"SunOS")
SSH="/usr/local/bin/ssh"
SSH_KEYGEN="/usr/local/bin/ssh-keygen"
to
"SunOS")
SSH="/usr/bin/ssh"
SSH_KEYGEN="/usr/bin/ssh-keygen"
3.
If the OMS host runs on any Unix based operating system, run the
sshUserSetup.sh script on the OMS host as the OMS user, and pass the
Management Agent install user name and the fully qualified name of the
target hosts:
sshUserSetup.sh -setup -user <agent_install_user_name> -hosts
<target_hosts>
The following SSH keys are created:
$HOME/.ssh/id_rsa
$HOME/.ssh/id_rsa_pub
Here, $HOME refers to the home directory of the OMS install user.
If the OMS host runs on Microsoft Windows, install Cygwin on the OMS host
(described in Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide),
then run the following script on the OMS host as the OMS user, and pass the
Management Agent install user name and the fully qualified name of the
target hosts:
sshUserSetupNT.sh -setup -user <agent_install_user_name> -hosts
<target_hosts>
4.
Upload the SSH keys to Enterprise Manager.
From the Setup menu, select Security, then select Named Credentials. Click
Create. For Credential Name, specify the name of the credential, for
Credential Type, select SSH Key Credentials, and for Scope, select Global. If
you do not select the Global option, you cannot use the SSH named credential
to install Management Agents using the Add Host Targets Wizard.
Installing Shared Agents
8-3
Prerequisites for Installing Shared Agents
To upload one of the private SSH keys created in Step 3, in the Credential
Properties section, specify the location of the private SSH key as a value for
the Upload Private Key field. Click Save.
To upload one of the public SSH keys created in Step 3, in the Credential
Properties section, specify the location of the public SSH key as a value for the
Upload Public Key field. Click Save.
Figure 8–1 describes how to upload SSH keys to Enterprise Manager.
Figure 8–1 Uploading SSH Keys to Enterprise Manager
If you have already set up SSH public key authentication for a named credential,
you can use the named credential while installing Management Agents using the
Add Host Targets Wizard.
■
■
By default, the following types of plug-ins are configured on the Shared Agent:
–
All discovery plug-ins that were configured with the OMS from where the
Management Agent software is being deployed.
–
Oracle Home discovery plug-in
–
Oracle Home monitoring plug-in
–
All the additional plug-ins deployed on the Master Agent
Upgrading a lower release of Solaris by applying a kernel patch or a patch bundle
is not equivalent to installing the actual Solaris 5.10 Update 9 image. Oracle
Management Agent 12c Release 5 (12.1.0.5) was built, tested, and certified on a
minimum update version of Solaris 5.10 Update 9, so Oracle recommends that you
install Oracle Management Agent only on Solaris 5.10 Update 9, and not on any
release that was upgraded using patches.
8.3 Prerequisites for Installing Shared Agents
Before installing a Shared Agent, ensure that you meet the following prerequisites:
8-4 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Prerequisites for Installing Shared Agents
Table 8–1
Prerequisites for Installing Shared Agent
Requirement
Description
Hardware
Requirements
Ensure that you meet the hard disk space and physical memory
requirements. For more information, see the chapter on hardware
requirements in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic
Installation Guide.
Destination Host Disk
Space Requirements
Ensure that the Master Agent host has a minimum of 1 GB free hard
disk space, and the Shared Agent host has a minimum of 2 MB free
hard disk space.
Operating System
Requirements
Ensure that you install the Management Agent only on certified
operating systems as mentioned in the Enterprise Manager
certification matrix available on My Oracle Support.
You cannot install a Shared Agent using a Master Agent that runs on a
Microsoft Windows platform. Shared Agents are not supported on
Microsoft Windows platforms.
To access the Enterprise Manager certification matrix, follow the steps
outlined in Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation
Guide.
For information about platforms receiving future support, refer to My
Oracle Support note 793512.1.
Note: If you use Oracle Solaris 10, then ensure that you have update 9
or higher installed. To verify whether it is installed, run the following
command:
cat /etc/release
You should see the output similar to the following. Here, s10s_u6
indicates that update 6, which is not a supported update level for
installation, is installed.
Solaris 10 10/08 s10s_u6wos_07b SPARC
File System
Requirements
File Descriptor
Requirements
Ensure that the file system mounted on the destination host does not
permit buffered writes.
■
Ensure that the maximum user process limit is set to 13312 or
greater.
To verify the current value set, run the following command:
ulimit -u
If the current value is not 13312 or greater, then contact your
system administrator to set it to at least 13312.
■
Ensure that you set the soft limit of file descriptor to a minimum
of 4096 and hard limit less then or equal to 16384.
To verify the current value set, run the following commands:
For Soft Limit:
/bin/sh -c "ulimit -n"
For Hard Limit:
/bin/sh -c "ulimit -Hn"
If the current value is not 4096 or greater, then as a root user,
update the /etc/security/limits.conf file with the following
entries:
<UID> soft nofile 4096
<UID> hard nofile 16384
Package Requirements
Ensure that you install all the operating system-specific packages. For
more information, see the chapter on package requirements in the
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.
Installing Shared Agents
8-5
Prerequisites for Installing Shared Agents
Table 8–1 (Cont.) Prerequisites for Installing Shared Agent
Requirement
Description
User and Operating
System Group
Requirement
Ensure that the destination host where you want to install the
Management Agent has the appropriate users and operating system
groups created.
For more information, see the chapter on creating operating system
groups and users in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic
Installation Guide.
Note: If your enterprise has a policy against installing Management
Agents using the OMS install operating system user account, you can
use a different operating system user account to install Management
Agents. However, ensure that the user account you use and the OMS
install user account belong to the same primary group.
Software Availability
Requirements
Ensure that you already have Oracle Management Agent 12c installed
as a Master Agent in a shared, mounted location.
For information on how to install a Management Agent, see Oracle
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.
Software Mount
Requirements
Ensure that at least one Shared Agent host has read write permissions
on the mount location. To mount the Management Agent software on
the Shared Agent host with read write permissions, run the following
command:
mount -t nfs -o rw <master_agent_host_name>:<agent_base_dir_
of_master_agent> <agent_base_dir_of_shared_agent>
For example, run the following command:
mount -t nfs -o rw abc.oracle.com:/scratch/agent
/scratch/agent
To mount the Management Agent software on the Shared Agent host
with read only permissions, run the following command:
mount -t nfs -o ro <master_agent_host_name>:<agent_base_dir_
of_master_agent> <agent_base_dir_of_shared_agent>
For example, run the following command:
mount -t nfs -o ro abc.oracle.com:/scratch/agent
/scratch/agent
Note: Before mounting the Management Agent software on the Shared
Agent host, ensure that you have created the agent base directory on
the Shared Agent host, such that the directory has the same path as the
agent base directory on the Master Agent host.
/etc/hosts File
Requirements
Ensure that the /etc/hosts file on the host has the IP address, the
fully qualified name, and the short name in the following format:
172.16.0.0 example.com mypc
Destination Host
Access Requirements
Ensure that the destination hosts are accessible from the host where
the OMS is running.
If the destination host and the host on which OMS is running belong
to different network domains, then ensure that you update the
/etc/hosts file on the destination host to add a line with the IP
address of that host, the fully qualified name of that host, and the
short name of the host.
For example, if the fully-qualified host name is example.com and the
short name is mypc, then add the following line in the /etc/hosts file:
172.16.0.0 example.com mypc
8-6 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Prerequisites for Installing Shared Agents
Table 8–1 (Cont.) Prerequisites for Installing Shared Agent
Requirement
Description
Destination Host
Credential
Requirements
Ensure that all the destination hosts running on the same operating
system have the same set of credentials. For example, all the
destination hosts running on Linux operating system must have the
same set of credentials.
(Only for Graphical
Mode)
The wizard installs the Management Agent using the same user
account. If you have hosts running on the same operating system but
with different credentials, then have two different deployment
sessions.
Installing Shared Agents
8-7
Prerequisites for Installing Shared Agents
Table 8–1 (Cont.) Prerequisites for Installing Shared Agent
Requirement
Description
Destination Host Time
Zone Requirements
Ensure that the time zones of the destination hosts have been set
correctly. To verify the time zone of a destination host, log in to the
OMS host, and run the following command:
(Only for Graphical
Mode)
ssh -l <install_user> <destination_host_name> /bin/sh -c
'echo $TZ’
If the time zone displayed is incorrect, log in to the destination host,
and follow these steps:
1.
Run the following commands to set the time zone on the
destination host:
■
For Korn shell:
TZ=<value>
export TZ
■
For Bourne shell or Bash shell:
export TZ=<value>
■
For C shell:
setenv TZ <value>
For example, in the Bash shell, run the following command to set
the time zone to America/New_York:
export TZ=’America/New_York’
To view a list of the time zones you can use, access the
supportedtzs.lst file present in the <AGENT_
HOME>/sysman/admin directory of the central agent (that is, the
Management Agent installed on the OMS host).
2.
Restart the SSH daemon.
If the destination host runs on a UNIX based operating system,
run the following command:
sudo /etc/init.d/sshd restart
If the destination host runs on a Microsoft Windows operating
system, run the following commands:
cygrunsrv -E sshd
cygrunsrv -S sshd
3.
Verify whether the SSH server can access the TZ environment
variable by logging in to the OMS host, and running the
following command:
ssh -l <install_user> <destination_host_name> /bin/sh -c
'echo $TZ'
Note: If you had ignored a prerequisite check warning about wrong
time zone settings during the Management Agent install, you must
set the correct time zone on the destination hosts after installing the
Management Agents. For information on setting time zones post
install, refer Section 8.5.
8-8 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Prerequisites for Installing Shared Agents
Table 8–1 (Cont.) Prerequisites for Installing Shared Agent
Requirement
Description
Time Zone
Requirements
Ensure that the host time zone has been set correctly. To verify the
host time zone, run the following command:
(Only for Silent Mode)
echo $TZ
If the time zone displayed is incorrect, run the following commands,
before running the agentDeploy.sh or agentDeploy.bat scripts, to set
the correct time zone:
■
For Korn shell:
TZ=<value>
export TZ
■
For Bourne shell or Bash shell:
export TZ=<value>
■
For C shell:
setenv TZ <value>
For example, in the Bash shell, run the following command to set the
time zone to America/New_York:
export TZ=’America/New_York’
To view a list of the time zones you can use, access the
supportedtzs.lst file present in the <AGENT_HOME>/sysman/admin
directory of the central agent (that is, the Management Agent
installed on the OMS host).
Note: If you had ignored a prerequisite check warning about wrong
time zone settings during the Management Agent install, you must
set the correct time zone on the host after installing the Management
Agent. For information on setting time zones post install, refer
Section 8.5.
sudo/pbrun/sesu/su
SSH Requirements
(Only for Graphical
Mode)
Ensure that you set the oracle.sysman.prov.agentpush.enablePty
property to true in the $<OMS_
HOME>/sysman/prov/agentpush/agentpush.properties file, if the
privilege delegation tool you are using requires a pseudo terminal for
remote command execution via SSH. Most privilege delegation tools
such as pbrun, sesu, and su require a pseudo terminal for remote
command execution, by default.
Note: If you are using sudo as your privilege delegation tool, and you
do not want to set the oracle.sysman.prov.agentpush.enablePty
property to true, do one of the following:
■
Include Defaults visiblepw in the /etc/sudoers file, or enter
the sudo command with the -S option for Privileged Delegation
Setting on the Installation Details page.
For information on how to access the Installation Details page,
see Section 8.4.1.
■
Comment out Defaults requiretty in the /etc/sudoers file.
Installing Shared Agents
8-9
Prerequisites for Installing Shared Agents
Table 8–1 (Cont.) Prerequisites for Installing Shared Agent
Requirement
sudo/pbrun/sesu/su
Requirements (for Root
User)
Description
■
(Only for Graphical
Mode)
Ensure that the installing user has the privileges to invoke the id
command and the agentdeployroot.sh script as root. Grant the
privileges in the configuration file of your privilege delegation
tool.
For example, if you are using sudo as your privilege delegation
tool, include the following in the /etc/sudoers file to grant the
required privileges:
<install_user> ALL=(root) /usr/bin/id, <agent_
home>/*/agentdeployroot.sh
For example, oracle ALL=(root) /usr/bin/id,
/u01/app/oracle/admin/shared/agent_
home/*/agentdeployroot.sh
Here, oracle is the installing user, and
/u01/app/oracle/admin/shared/agent_home is the Shared Agent
home.
■
You do not require the following entry in the /etc/sudoers file
for installing a Management Agent. However, the entry is
required for performing provisioning and patching operations in
Enterprise Manager. Therefore, if you are removing this entry
before installing a Management Agent, then ensure that you
bring back the entry after installing the Management Agent.
In Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 2 (12.1.0.2),
Release 3 (12.1.0.3), Release 4 (12.1.0.4), and Release 5 (12.1.0.5):
(root) /<AGENT_BASE_DIRECTORY>/sbin/nmosudo
In Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 1 (12.1.0.1)
[with Bundle Patch 1]:
(root) /<AGENT_INSTANCE_DIRECTORY>/bin/nmosudo
8-10 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Prerequisites for Installing Shared Agents
Table 8–1 (Cont.) Prerequisites for Installing Shared Agent
Requirement
Description
sudo/pbrun/sesu/su
Requirements (for
Locked Account User)
Ensure that the installing user has the privileges to invoke /bin/sh as
the locked account user. Grant the privileges in the configuration file
of your privilege delegation tool.
(Only for Graphical
Mode)
For example, if you are using sudo as your privilege delegation tool,
include the following in the /etc/sudoers file to grant the required
privileges:
login_user1 ALL=(oracle) /bin/sh
Here, login_user1 is the SSH log in user, and oracle is the locked
account and install user.
If you do not want to grant privileges to the installing user to invoke
/bin/sh as the locked account user, set the
oracle.sysman.prov.agentpush.pdpShellOutEnabled property to
false, and ensure that the installing user has the privileges to invoke
id, chmod, cp, mkdir, rm, tar, emctl, perl, runInstaller,
and unzip as the locked account user. Grant the privileges in the
configuration file of your privilege delegation tool.
For example, if you are using sudo as your privilege delegation tool,
include the following in the /etc/sudoers file to grant the required
privileges:
login_user1 ALL=(oracle) /usr/bin/id, /bin/chmod, /bin/cp,
/bin/mkdir, /bin/rm, /bin/tar,
/home/oracle/agentinst/bin/emctl,
/home/oracle/agentibd/core/12.1.0.5.0/perl/bin/perl,
/home/oracle/agentibd/core/12.1.0.5.0/oui/bin/runInstaller,
/home/oracle/agentibd/core/12.1.0.5.0/bin/unzip
Here, login_user1 is the SSH log in user, oracle is the locked
account and install user, /home/oracle/agentinst is the agent
instance directory of the Shared Agent, and /home/oracle/agentibd is
the agent base directory.
Temporary Directory
Space Requirements
Ensure that you allocate 400 MB of space for a temporary directory
where the executables can be copied.
By default, the temporary directory location set to the environment
variable TMP or TEMP is honored. If both are set, then TEMP is
honored. If none of them are set, then the following default values are
honored: /tmp on UNIX hosts and c:\Temp on Microsoft Windows
hosts.
Instance Directory
Requirements
Ensure that the Shared Agent instance directory (the directory where
you want to save the Shared Agent configuration files) you specify is
empty and has write permissions for the install user. Also, ensure that
the parent directory has write permissions for the install user.
Shared Oracle Home
Requirements
Ensure that the Master Agent home is accessible from the destination
host where you want to install the Shared Agent. Ensure that the
Master Agent home is mounted with the setuid turned on.
Path Validation
Requirements
Validate the path to all command locations. For more information, see
the appendix on validating command locations in the Oracle
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.
(Only for Graphical
Mode)
CLASSPATH
Environment Variable
Requirements
If the value assigned to the CLASSPATH environment variable has
white spaces in it, then ensure that you unset it. You can always reset
the environment variable to the original value after the installation is
complete.
Installing Shared Agents 8-11
Prerequisites for Installing Shared Agents
Table 8–1 (Cont.) Prerequisites for Installing Shared Agent
Requirement
Description
Default SSH Port
Requirements
Ensure that the SSH daemon is running on the default port (that is,
22) on all the destination hosts. To verify the SSH port on a Unix host,
run the following command:
(Only for Graphical
Mode)
netstat -anp | grep -i sshd
For example, the output of this command may be the following:
tcp
0 0 0.0.0.0:22
3188/sshd
0.0.0.0:*
LISTEN
The above output indicates that the SSH daemon is running on port
22.
Also, on a Unix host, you can run the following command to verify
the SSH port:
cat /etc/ssh/sshd_config
For a Microsoft Windows host, the SSH port value is mentioned in the
C:\cygwin\etc\sshd_config file.
If the SSH port is a non-default port, that is, any port other than 22,
then update the SSH_PORT property in the following file:
$<OMS_HOME>/oui/prov/resources/Paths.properties
Port Requirements
Installing User
Requirements
Ensure that the default ports described in Section 2.1.10.1 are free.
■
■
■
The Master Agent and the Shared Agent must be installed with the
same user account.
If the central inventory owner and the user installing the
Management Agent are different, then ensure that they are part
of the same group.
Ensure that the inventory owner and the group to which the
owner belongs have read and write permissions on the inventory
directory.
For example, if the inventory owner is abc and the user installing
the Management Agent is xyz, then ensure that abc and xyz
belong to the same group, and they have read and write access to
the inventory.
Central Inventory
(oraInventory)
Requirements
■
■
Ensure that you allocate 100 MB of space on all destination hosts
for the Central Inventory.
The Shared Agent uses the inventory location mentioned in the
oraInst.loc file, which is present in the <MASTER_AGENT_BASE
DIR>/core/12.1.0.5.0/ directory. Ensure that the Shared Agent
user has read and write permissions on this directory.
Preinstallation/Postins Ensure that the preinstallation and postinstallation scripts that you
tallation Scripts
want to run along with the installation are available either on the
Requirements
OMS host, destination hosts, or on a shared location accessible to the
destination hosts.
(Only for Graphical
Mode)
8-12 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Installing Shared Agents
Table 8–1 (Cont.) Prerequisites for Installing Shared Agent
Requirement
Description
Browser Requirements
■
(Only for Graphical
Mode)
Ensure that you use a certified browser as mentioned in the
Enterprise Manager certification matrix available on My Oracle
Support.
To access the Enterprise Manager certification matrix, follow the
steps outlined in Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic
Installation Guide.
■
If you use Microsoft Internet Explorer 8 or 9, do the following:
■
■
Turn off the compatibility view
mode. To do so, in Microsoft Internet
Explorer, from the Tools menu, click
Compatibility View to disable it if it
is enabled. Also, click Compatibility
View Settings and deregister the
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
console URL.
Enable XMLHTTP. To do so, from
the Tools menu, click Internet
Options. Click the Advanced tab,
and under the Security heading,
select Enable native XMLHTTP
support to enable it.
8.4 Installing Shared Agents
This section describes how to install Shared Agents using the Add Host Targets Wizard,
as well as in silent mode. This section consists of the following:
■
■
Installing Shared Agents Using Add Host Targets Wizard
Additional Parameters Supported for Installing Shared Agents Using Add Host
Targets Wizard
■
Installing Shared Agents in Silent Mode
■
Response File Parameters for Installing Shared Agents in Silent Mode
Important: If the OMS host is running on Microsoft Windows, and
the OMS software was installed in a drive other than C:\, then update
the SCRATCH_PATH variable in $OMS_
HOME\oui\prov\resources\ssPaths_msplats.properties.
For example, if the OMS software was installed in D:\, ensure that
you update the SCRATCH_PATH variable to D:\tmpada
8.4.1 Installing Shared Agents Using Add Host Targets Wizard
To install a Shared Agent in graphical mode, using Add Host Targets Wizard, follow
these steps:
1.
In Cloud Control, do one of the following:
■
From the Setup menu, select Add Targets, and then, click Auto Discovery
Results. On the Auto Discovery Results page, select a host you want to
monitor in Enterprise Manager Cloud Control, and click Promote.
Installing Shared Agents 8-13
Installing Shared Agents
■
2.
From the Setup menu, select Add Target, and then, click Add Targets
Manually. On the Add Targets Manually page, select Add Host Targets and
click Add Host.
On the Host and Platform page, do the following:
a.
Accept the default name assigned for this session or enter a unique name of
your choice. The custom name you enter can be any intuitive name, and need
not necessarily be in the same format as the default name. For example, add_
host_operation_1
A unique deployment activity name enables you to save the installation
details specified in this deployment session and reuse them in the future
without having to enter all the details all over again in the new session.
b.
Click Add to enter the fully qualified name and select the platform of the host
on which you want to install the Management Agent.
Note:
■
■
■
Oracle recommends you to enter the fully qualified domain name
of the host. For monitoring purpose, Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control adds that host and the Management Agent with the exact
name you enter here.
You must enter only one host name per row. Entering multiple
host names separated by a comma is not supported.
You must ensure that the host name you enter does not have
underscores.
Alternatively, you can click either Load from File to add host names stored in
a file, or Add Discovered Hosts to add host names from a list of hosts
discovered by Enterprise Manager. For information on how the host name
entries must appear in the host file, see Section 7.4.1.2
When you click Add Discovered Hosts and add hosts from a
list of discovered hosts, the host's platform is automatically detected
and displayed. The platform name is detected using a combination of
factors, including hints received from automated discovery and the
platform of the OMS host. This default platform name is a suggestion,
so Oracle strongly recommends you to verify the platform details
before proceeding to the next step.
Note:
As the Shared Agent can be installed only if the source host and the destination
host are running on the same platform, set the platform for the first host in the
first row of the table and from the Platform list, select Same for All Hosts.
This will ensure that the platform name you selected for the first host is also
set for the rest of the hosts in the table.
8-14 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Installing Shared Agents
If you are installing a Management Agent on a host that is
running on a platform different from the OMS host platform, then
ensure that the Management Agent software for that platform is
available in Oracle Software Library (Software Library). If the
Management Agent software for the required platform is not available
in Software Library, acquire and apply the software using the Self
Update console.
Note:
To access the Self Update Console, from the Setup menu, select
Extensibility, then select Self Update. To acquire the latest
Management Agent software, click Agent Software, select the
required software, then click Download.
For more information on how to acquire and apply the Management
Agent software for a platform using the Self Update console, see
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.
c.
3.
Click Next.
On the Installation Details page, do the following:
a.
In the Deployment Type section, select Add Host to Shared Agent. Then, for
Select Target, click the torch icon and select the Management Agent that is
shared and mounted. This location must be visible on all remote hosts.
Figure 8–2 describes this step.
Figure 8–2 Installing a Shared Agent
b.
From the table, select the first row that indicates the hosts grouped by their
common platform name.
c.
In the Installation Details section, provide the installation details common to
the hosts selected in Step 3 (b). For Oracle Home, validate or enter the location
Installing Shared Agents 8-15
Installing Shared Agents
of the shared Management Agent home. Ensure that the Management Agent
home is on a shared location, and is accessible from all the destination hosts.
d.
For Instance Directory, enter the absolute path to a directory, on the Shared
Agent host, where all Management Agent-related configuration files can be
stored. Ensure that the directory has write permission.
For example, /usr/home/software/oracle/agentHome/agent_inst
If the path you enter does not exist, the application creates a directory at the
specified path, and stores all the Management Agent-related configuration
files there.
e.
From Named Credential list, select an appropriate profile whose credentials
can be used for setting up the SSH connectivity between the OMS and the
remote hosts, and for installing a Management Agent on each of the remote
hosts.
Note:
■
■
■
f.
If you do not have a credential profile, or if you have one but do
not see it in the Named Credential list, then click the plus icon
against this list. In the Create New Named Credential window,
enter the credentials and store them with an appropriate profile
name so that it can be selected and used for installing the
Management Agents. Also set the run privilege if you want to
switch over from the Named Credential you are creating, to
another user who has the privileges to perform the installation.
If the plus icon is disabled against this list, then you do not have
the privileges to create a profile with credentials. In this case,
contact your administrator and either request him/her to grant
you the privileges to create a new profile or request him/her to
create a profile and grant you the access to view it in the Named
Credential list.
If you have manually set up SSH public key authentication
between the OMS and the remote hosts, then you may not have a
password for your user account. In this case, create a named
credential with a dummy password. Do NOT leave the password
field blank.
For Privileged Delegation Setting, validate the Privilege Delegation setting to
be used for running the root scripts. By default, it is set to the Privilege
Delegation setting configured in Enterprise Manager Cloud Control.
For example, you can specify one of the following for the Privileged
Delegation Setting field:
/usr/bin/sudo -u %RUNAS% %COMMAND%
/usr/bin/sudo -u -S %RUNAS% %COMMAND% (if a pseudo terminal is required for
remote command execution via SSH)
/usr/bin/sesu - %RUNAS% -c "%COMMAND%"
/usr/bin/pbrun %PROFILE% -u %RUNAS% %COMMAND%
/usr/bin/su - %RUNAS% -c "%COMMAND%"
If you leave the Privileged Delegation Setting field blank, the root scripts will
not be run by the wizard; you will have to run them manually after the
installation. For information about running them manually, see Section 8.5.
8-16 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Installing Shared Agents
This setting will also be used for performing the installation as the user set in
the Run As attribute of the selected Named Credential if you had set the user
while creating that Named Credential.
Note: In the Privilege Delegation setting, the %RUNAS% is honored as
the root user for running the root scripts and as the user set in the Run
As attribute of the Named Credential for performing the installation.
g.
For Port, accept the default port (3872) that is assigned for the Management
Agent to communicate, or enter a port of your choice.
The custom port you enter must not be busy. If you are not sure, you can leave
it blank. Enterprise Manager Cloud Control automatically assigns the first
available free port within the range of 1830 - 1849.
h.
(Optional) In the Optional Details section, enter the absolute path to an
accessible location where the preinstallation and postinstallation scripts you
want to run are available. Note that only one preinstallation or one
postinstallation script can be specified.
If you want to run the script as root, then select Run as Root. If the script is on
the host where OMS is running and is not on the host where you want to
install the Management Agent, then select Script on OMS. In this case, the
script will be copied from the OMS host to the destination hosts, and then run
on the destination hosts.
i.
(Optional) For Additional Parameters, enter a whitespace-separate list of
additional parameters that you want to pass during the installation. For a
complete list of supported additional parameters, see Table 8–2.
For example, if you want to provide the inventory pointer location file, then
enter -invPtrLoc followed by the absolute path to the file location. However,
this parameter is supported only on UNIX platforms, and not on Microsoft
Windows platforms.
4.
j.
Repeat Step 3 (b) to Step 3 (h) for every other row you have in the table.
k.
Click Next.
On the Review page, review the details you have provided and if you are satisfied
with the details, then click Deploy Agent to install the Management Agent.
If you want to modify the details, then click Back repeatedly to reach the page
where you want to make the changes.
When you click Deploy Agent and submit the deployment session, you are
automatically taken to the Add Host Status page that enables you to monitor the
progress of the deployment session.
If you restart the destination host after installing a Shared
Agent, and the Shared Agent does not start up automatically, restore the
mount with the original permissions, then start the Shared Agent
manually.
Note:
Installing Shared Agents 8-17
Installing Shared Agents
8.4.2 Additional Parameters Supported for Installing Shared Agents Using Add Host
Targets Wizard
Table 8–2 lists the additional parameters supported for installing a Shared Agent in
graphical mode.
Table 8–2
Supported Additional Parameters
Parameter
Description
EM_STAGE_DIR
Enter the absolute path to a custom location that can be created as a
temporary Provisioning Advisor Framework (PAF) staging directory.
By default, every time you install a Management Agent, a PAF
staging directory is created for copying the Software Library entities
related to the deployment procedures. By default, this location is the
scratch path location (/tmp). The location is used only for
provisioning activities—entities are copied for a deployment
procedure, and then, deleted once the deployment procedure ends.
If you want to override this location with a custom location, you can
pass this option and enter a custom location.
For example,
EM_STAGE_DIR=/home/john/software/oracle/pafdir
b_startAgent=false
Specify this parameter if you do not want the Management Agent to
start automatically once it is installed and configured.
If you do not specify this parameter, the Management Agent starts
automatically once it is installed and configured.
b_secureAgent=false
Specify this parameter if you do not want the Management Agent to
be secured after the install.
If you specify this parameter, ensure that you also specify the OMS
HTTP port, using the EM_UPLOAD_PORT parameter.
For example, b_secureAgent=false EM_UPLOAD_PORT=4899
If you do not specify this parameter, the Management Agent is
secured automatically after the install.
8.4.3 Installing Shared Agents in Silent Mode
To install a Shared Agent in silent mode, follow these steps:
On the Master Agent Host:
1.
Run the create_plugin_list.pl script from the Master Agent host:
$AGENT_HOME/perl/bin/perl $AGENT_HOME/sysman/install/create_plugin_
list.pl -instancehome <AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME>
On the Shared Agent Host:
1.
Create a response file titled AgentNFS.rsp as described in Table 8–3.
The response file you create can have any name, and not
necessarily AgentNFS.rsp. For easy understanding, this chapter uses
the name AgentNFS.rsp. Also, instead of creating a response file, you
can choose to pass the arguments explicitly while invoking the script.
However, Oracle recommends that you create a response file and
capture the information there.
Note:
2.
Invoke the script from the Shared Agent host, and pass the response file.
8-18 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Installing Shared Agents
$<AGENT_HOME>/perl/bin/perl <AGENT_HOME>/sysman/install/AgentNFS.pl
-responseFile <absolute_path_to_response_file>
For example,
/scratch/agent_base_dir/core/12.1.0.5.0/perl/bin/perl /scratch/agent_
base_dir/core/12.1.0.5.0/sysman/install/AgentNFS.pl -responseFile
/home/john/AgentNFS.rsp
Ensure that <AGENT_HOME> is a shared location, and is accessible from all the
destination hosts.
Note:
■
Instead of creating a response file, you can choose to pass all the
arguments explicitly while invoking the script. In this case, invoke
the script in the following way:
$<AGENT_HOME>/perl/bin/perl <AGENT_
HOME>/sysman/install/AgentNFS.pl AGENT_INSTANCE_
HOME=<absolute_path_to_instance_dir> ORACLE_
HOME=<absolute_path_to_master_agent_oracle_home>
<parameter1>=<value1> <parameter2>=<value2>
<parameter3>=<value3>...
For example,
/scratch/agent_base_dir/core/12.1.0.5.0/perl/bin/perl
/scratch/agent_base_
dir/core/12.1.0.5.0/sysman/install/AgentNFS.pl AGENT_
INSTANCE_HOME=/<local_location>/agent_inst ORACLE_
HOME=/scratch/agent_base_dir/core/12.1.0.5.0 AGENT_
PORT=1832 AGENT_REGISTRATION_PASSWORD=welcome b_
startAgent=TRUE
While specifying AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME, ensure that the location
you specify is local to the host and is not reused by any other host.
■
If the Master Agent was installed using the Add Host Targets
Wizard, then ensure that you pass the following arguments with
these values:
AGENT_REGISTRATION_PASSWORD=<password>
b_startAgent=TRUE
■
■
3.
Do NOT pass the -invPtrLoc argument because, by default, the
location <AGENT_HOME>/oraInst.loc is honored, where <AGENT_
HOME> is the Master Agent. Also ensure that the Oracle Inventory
directory, to which the inventory file points, is not in a shared
location.
If you restart the destination host after installing a Shared Agent,
and the Shared Agent does not start up automatically, restore the
mount with the original permissions, then start the Shared Agent
manually.
When prompted to run the root.sh script, run it from the instance directory of the
Shared Agent:
<AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME>/root.sh
Installing Shared Agents 8-19
Installing Shared Agents
If you are not a root user, then use SUDO to change to a root user. For example, run
the following command:
/usr/local/bin/sudo /scratch/OracleHomes/agent_inst/root.sh
4.
Repeat Step (2) to Step (4) on the remaining hosts where you want to install the
Shared Agent.
8.4.4 Response File Parameters for Installing Shared Agents in Silent Mode
To install a Shared Agent in silent mode, you must invoke the AgentNFS.pl script and
pass a response file that captures all the required information. Table 8–3 describes the
various parameters you must include in the response file.
Table 8–3 Creating a Response File for Installing Oracle Management Agent Using the
AgentNFS.pl Script
Parameter
Description
ORACLE_HOME
Specify the absolute path to the Master Agent home, which is
shared and visible on the destination host.
For example, /scratch/agent_base_dir/core/12.1.0.5.0
AGENT_PORT
(Optional) Enter the port on which the Shared Agent process
should be started. You can enter any free port between 1830 and
1849. The same port is used for both HTTP and HTTPS.
For example, 1832
AGENT_INSTANCE_
HOME
Specify the absolute path to a location on the destination host
where you want to store all Management Agent-related
configuration files.
For example, /<local_location>/agent_inst
Ensure that this location is local to the host and is not reused by
any other host.
AGENT_REGISTRATION_
PASSWORD
Enter a password for registering new Management Agents that
join the Enterprise Manager system.
By default, the communication between the OMS and the
Management Agents is secured and locked. Any new
Management Agents that join the Enterprise Manager system
must be authenticated before they become part of the system.
The password you enter here will be used for authenticating
those new Management Agents.
For example, Wel456come
Note: If the Master Agent was installed using the Add Host
Targets Wizard, then you must pass this parameter.
b_startAgent
Set it to TRUE so that the Shared Agent is started automatically
once it is installed and configured.
Note: If the Master Agent was installed using the Add Host
Targets Wizard, then you must pass this parameter.
ORACLE_HOSTNAME
(Optional) (Only for Installation on Virtual Hosts) Specify the
virtual host name where you are installing the Shared Agent.
ALLOW_IPADDRESS
(Optional) Enter TRUE if you want to specify an IP address for
ORACLE_HOSTNAME. If ALLOW_IPADDRESS is set to FALSE, a
prerequisite check fails when you specify an IP address for
ORACLE_HOSTNAME while installing a Management Agent.
For example, ALLOW_IPADDRESS=TRUE
If you do not include this parameter, it defaults to FALSE.
8-20 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
After Installing Shared Agents
Table 8–3 (Cont.) Creating a Response File for Installing Oracle Management Agent
Using the AgentNFS.pl Script
Parameter
Description
START_PRIORITY_LEVEL
(Optional) Use this parameter to specify the priority level of the
Management Agent service when the host is started. This
parameter accepts values between 0 and 99. However, Oracle
recommends that you provide a value between 91 and 99 for this
parameter.
(For Unix based hosts only)
For example, START_PRIORITY_LEVEL=95
If you do not include this parameter, it defaults to 98.
SHUT_PRIORITY_LEVEL
(For Unix based hosts only)
(Optional) Use this parameter to specify the priority level of the
Management Agent service when the host is shut down. This
parameter accepts values between 0 and 99.
For example, SHUT_PRIORITY_LEVEL=25
If you do not include this parameter, it defaults to 19.
PROPERTIES_FILE
(Optional) Use this parameter to specify the absolute location of
the properties file.
For example, PROPERTIES_FILE=/tmp/agent.properties
In the properties file, specify the parameters that you want to use
for the Management Agent deployment. The list of parameters
that you can specify in the properties file is present in $<AGENT_
INSTANCE_HOME>/sysman/config/emd.properties. In the
properties file, you must specify the parameters in name value
pairs, for example:
REPOSITORY_PROXYHOST=abc.example.com
REPOSITORY_PROXYPORT=1532
The properties file does not support parameter values that have
spaces. If the value of a particular parameter contains a space,
then run the following command after deploying the
Management Agent:
$<AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME>/bin/emctl setproperty agent
-name <parameter_name> -value <parameter_value>
8.5 After Installing Shared Agents
After you install a Shared Agent, follow these steps:
1.
(Only for Graphical Mode) Verify the installation on the Add Host Status page.
Review the progress made on each of the phases of the deployment operation —
Initialization, Remote Prerequisite Check, and Agent Deployment.
In the Add Host Targets Wizard, after you click Deploy Agent
to install one or more Management Agents, you are automatically
taken to the Add Host Status page.
Note:
If you want to view the details or track the progress of all the
deployment sessions, then from the Setup menu, select Add Target,
and then, click Add Targets Manually. On the Add Targets Manually
page, select Add Host Targets and click Add Host Results.
If a particular phase fails or ends up with a warning, then review the details
provided for each phase in the Agent Deployment Details section, and do one of
the following:
Installing Shared Agents 8-21
After Installing Shared Agents
■
■
2.
Ignore the warning or failure, and continue with the session if you prefer.
–
You can choose to proceed with the deployment of Management Agents
only on those remote hosts that have successfully cleared the checks, and
you can ignore the ones that have Warning or Failed status. To do so, click
Continue and select Continue, Ignoring Failed Hosts.
–
You can choose to proceed with the deployment of Management Agents
on all the hosts, including the ones that have Warning or Failed status. To
do so, click Continue and select Continue, All Hosts.
Fix the problem by reviewing the error description carefully, understanding its
cause, and taking action as recommended by Oracle.
–
You can choose to retry the deployment of Management Agents with the
same installation details. To do so, click Retry and select Retry Using
Same Inputs.
–
You can retry the deployment of Management Agents with modified
installation details. To do so, click Retry and select Update Inputs and
Retry.
Verify the installation:
a.
Navigate to the Shared Agent instance home and run the following command
to see a message that confirms that the Management Agent is up and running:
$<AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME>/bin/emctl status agent
b.
Navigate to the Shared Agent home and run the following command to see a
message that confirms that EMD upload completed successfully:
$<AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME>/bin/emctl upload agent
3.
(Only for Graphical Mode) If you have restrictive Privilege Delegation Provider
(PDP) configuration settings, enter the location of nmosudo in your PDP
configuration file.
Enterprise Manager supports PDPs such as SUDO and PowerBroker that enable
administrators to restrict certain users from running certain commands.
In Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 2 (12.1.0.2), Release 3 (12.1.0.3),
Release 4 (12.1.0.4), and Release 5 (12.1.0.5), nmosudo is located in the sbin
directory, which is in the agent base directory. For example, <AGENT_BASE_
DIRECTORY>/sbin/nmosudo. In Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 1
(12.1.0.1) [with or without Bundle Patch 1], nmosudo is located in the agent instance
directory. For example, <AGENT_INSTANCE_DIRECTORY>/bin/nmosudo.
Therefore, when you install a 12.1.0.5 Management Agent, you must modify your
PDP configuration file to update the new location of nmosudo.
For example, if you use SUDO as your PDP, the configuration file for SUDO is
typically /etc/sudoers. In this file, update the following entry with the new
location to nmosudo.
sudouser ALL : oracle /eminstall/basedir/sbin/nmosudo *
4.
(Only for UNIX Operating Systems) Manually run the following scripts as a root
user:
■
If this is the first Oracle product you installed on the host, then run the
orainstRoot.sh script from the inventory location specified in the
oraInst.loc file that is available in the Shared Agent home.
8-22 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
After Installing Shared Agents
For example, if the inventory location specified in the oraInst.loc file is
$HOME/oraInventory, then run the following command:
$HOME/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh
■
Run the root.sh script from the Shared Agent home:
$<AGENT_HOME>/root.sh
5.
If you had ignored a prerequisite check warning about wrong time zone settings,
run the following command and follow the steps it displays:
$<AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME>/bin/emctl resetTZ agent
6.
By default, the host and the Shared Agent get automatically added to the Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control console for monitoring. None of the targets running on
that host get automatically discovered and monitored.
To monitor the other targets, you need to add them to Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control either using the Auto Discovery Results page, the Add Targets Manually
page, or the discovery wizards offered for the targets you want to monitor.
To add the host targets and the oracle_emd targets to the Shared Agent, run the
following command:
$<SHARED_AGENT_HOME>/bin/emctl config agent addinternaltargets
For information about discovering targets in Enterprise Manager Cloud Control,
refer to the chapter on adding targets in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Administrator's Guide.
If Oracle Management Agents 12c (12.1.0.x) hang frequently or
do not respond on Solaris 9ux and 10ux operating systems, then refer
to document ID 1427773.1 on My Oracle Support.
Note:
Installing Shared Agents 8-23
After Installing Shared Agents
8-24 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
9
Installing the Oracle Management Agent
Software Now and Configuring It Later
9
This chapter explains how you can install only the software binaries of Oracle
Management Agent (Management Agent) at one point and configure the installation at
a later stage. In particular, this chapter covers the following:
■
Overview of Installing a Management Agent and Configuring It Later
■
Before You Begin Installing a Management Agent
■
Prerequisites for Installing a Management Agent
■
Installing Only the Management Agent Software Binaries
■
Configuring the Management Agent Software Binaries
■
After Installing a Management Agent
9.1 Overview of Installing a Management Agent and Configuring It Later
You can choose to install only the software binaries of the Management Agent at one
point and configure it at a later stage to work with the associated Oracle Management
Service (OMS). This approach enables you to divide the installation process into two
phases, mainly the installation phase and the configuration phase.
During the installation phase, you invoke the agentDeploy.sh script passing the
-softwareOnly argument to copy the software binaries and create an Oracle home for
the Management Agent. During the configuration phase, you invoke the same script
passing -configOnly to configure the software binaries.
Understandably, the installation phase takes much lesser time compared to the
configuration phase because the installation phase involves only copying of binaries.
This helps you plan your installation according to the time and priorities you have.
Note:
This installation type is available only in silent mode.
Installing the Oracle Management Agent Software Now and Configuring It Later
9-1
Before You Begin Installing a Management Agent
If you want to repoint your existing Management Agents to a
new Oracle Management Service (OMS), then you must first deinstall
those Management Agents and plug-ins, and then redeploy those
Management Agents and plug-ins using the new OMS. This is
typically done when you want to move from an Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control system in a test environment to an Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control system in a production environment.
Note:
When you repoint your existing Management Agents to a new OMS,
you cannot move the targets monitored by the Management Agents,
the target history, and the Management Agent history. The monitored
targets and the history data is lost.
9.2 Before You Begin Installing a Management Agent
Before you begin installing a Management Agent, review the points outlined in
Section 6.2.
9.3 Prerequisites for Installing a Management Agent
Before installing the Management Agent, ensure that you meet the prerequisites
described in Section 6.3.
9.4 Installing Only the Management Agent Software Binaries
To install only the software binaries of a Management Agent in silent mode, follow one
of the procedures mentioned in Section 6.4.2. While invoking the deployment script,
ensure that you pass the -softwareOnly option:
<Software_Extracted_Location>/agentDeploy.sh AGENT_BASE_DIR=<absolute_
path_to_agentbasedir> RESPONSE_FILE=<absolute_path_to_responsefile>
-softwareOnly
For example, /tmp/agtImg/agentDeploy.sh AGENT_BASE_DIR=/scratch/agent12c
RESPONSE_FILE=/tmp/agtImg/agent.rsp -softwareOnly
If the Management Agent is installed successfully, a message mentioning so is
displayed on the command line.
Note:
Do not pass the option -forceConfigure.
9.5 Configuring the Management Agent Software Binaries
To configure the software binaries of a Management Agent in silent mode, invoke the
deployment script with the following options from the Management Agent home:
$<AGENT_HOME>/sysman/install/agentDeploy.sh AGENT_BASE_DIR=<absolute_path_
to_agentbasedir> RESPONSE_FILE=<absolute_path_to_responsefile> -configOnly
For example, $<AGENT_HOME>/sysman/install/agentDeploy.sh AGENT_BASE_
DIR=/scratch/agent12c RESPONSE_FILE=/tmp/agtImg/agent.rsp -configOnly
If the Management Agent is installed successfully, a message mentioning so is
displayed on the command line.
9-2 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
After Installing a Management Agent
Note:
■
■
The response file you pass here is the same response file you
passed in Section 9.4.
Do not pass the option -forceConfigure.
9.6 After Installing a Management Agent
After you install the Management Agent, follow the steps outlined in Section 6.5.
Installing the Oracle Management Agent Software Now and Configuring It Later
9-3
After Installing a Management Agent
9-4 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Part V
Part V
Advanced Installation and Configuration
This part describes the advanced installation and configuration tasks you can perform
after you have installed Enterprise Manager Cloud Control and have started using the
product.
In particular, this part contains the following chapters:
■
Chapter 10, "Configuring Enterprise Manager for Firewalls"
■
Chapter 11, "Sizing Your Enterprise Manager Deployment"
■
Chapter 12, "Installing ADP with Advanced Installation Options"
■
Chapter 13, "Installing JVMD with Advanced Install Options"
■
Chapter 14, "Configuring BI Publisher with Enterprise Manager"
10
10
Configuring Enterprise Manager for Firewalls
Firewalls protect a company's Information Technology (IT) infrastructure by providing
the ability to restrict network traffic by examining each network packet and
determining the appropriate course of action.
Firewall configuration typically involves restricting the ports that are available to one
side of the firewall, for example the Internet. It can also be set up to restrict the type of
traffic that can pass through a particular port such as HTTP. If a client attempts to
connect to a restricted port (a port not covered by a security "rule") or uses a protocol
that is incorrect, then the client will be disconnected immediately by the firewall.
Firewalls can also be used within a company Intranet to restrict user access to specific
servers.
You can deploy the components of Oracle Enterprise Manager on different hosts
throughout your enterprise. These hosts can be separated by firewalls. This chapter
describes how firewalls can be configured to allow communication between the
Enterprise Manager components.
This chapter contains the following sections:
■
About Considering Firewall Configurations While Using Enterprise Manager
■
Default Ports Used by Enterprise Manager Components
■
About Firewall Configurations for Enterprise Manager
■
About Firewalls Between Your Web Browser and the Enterprise Manager Console
■
About Configuring a Management Agent on a Host Protected by a Firewall
■
Configuring a Management Agent to Use a Proxy Server
■
■
■
■
About Configuring a Firewall to Allow the OMS to Communicate With the
Management Agents
About Configuring the OMS on a Host Protected by a Firewall
Configuring the OMS to Use a Proxy Server to Communicate with Management
Agents
About Configuring a Firewall to Allow Management Agents to Upload Data to the
OMS
■
About Enabling the OMS to Access My Oracle Support
■
About the dontProxyfor Property
■
About Firewalls Between the OMS and the Management Repository
■
About Firewalls Between Enterprise Manager and a Managed Database Target
■
About Using Firewalls with Multiple OMS Instances
Configuring Enterprise Manager for Firewalls 10-1
About Considering Firewall Configurations While Using Enterprise Manager
■
About Configuring Firewalls to Allow ICMP and UDP Traffic for Oracle Beacons
■
About Enabling ICMP Echo Requests on Firewalls
10.1 About Considering Firewall Configurations While Using Enterprise
Manager
Firewall configuration should be the last phase of Enterprise Manager deployment.
Before you configure your firewalls, make sure you are able to log in to the Enterprise
Manager console and that your Oracle Management Agents (Management Agent) are
up and are monitoring targets.
If you are deploying Enterprise Manager in an environment where firewalls are
already installed, open the default Enterprise Manager communication ports for all
traffic until you have completed the installation and configuration processes and are
certain that you are able to log in to Enterprise Manager and that your Management
Agents are up and monitoring targets.
The default communication ports for Enterprise Manager are assigned during the
installation. If you modify the default ports, be sure to use the new port assignments
when you configure the firewalls.
If you are enabling Enterprise Manager Framework Security for the Oracle
Management Service (OMS), the final step in that configuration process is to restrict
uploads from the Management Agents to secure channels only. Before completing that
step, configure your firewalls to allow both HTTP and HTTPS traffic between the
Management Agent and Management Repository and test to be sure that you can log
in to Enterprise Manager and that data is being uploaded to the Management
Repository.
After you have confirmed that the OMS and Management Agents can communicate
with both protocols enabled, complete the transition to secure mode and change your
firewall configuration as necessary. If you incrementally configure your firewalls, it
will be easier to troubleshoot any configuration problems.
10.2 Default Ports Used by Enterprise Manager Components
To learn about the ports used by the Enterprise Manager components, see
Section 2.1.10.
10.3 About Firewall Configurations for Enterprise Manager
Your main task in enabling Enterprise Manager to work in a firewall-protected
environment is to take advantage of proxy servers whenever possible, to make sure
only the necessary ports are open for secure communications, and to make sure that
only data necessary for running your business is allowed to pass through the firewall.
Figure 10–1 provides a topology of an Enterprise Manager environment that is using a
firewall, and also illustrates the default ports that can be used.
10-2 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
About Firewall Configurations for Enterprise Manager
Figure 10–1 Firewall Port Requirements (Default)
The conventions used in the preceding illustration are as follows:
Table 10–1
Conventions Used In Illustration
Convention
Description
C
Is the entity that is making the call.
*
Enterprise Manager will default to the first available port within
an Enterprise Manager set range.
**
Enterprise Manager will default to the first available port.
***
Database listener ports.
Notes:
■
■
■
■
The direction of the arrows specify the direction of ports.
Port 1159, 4898-4989 indicates that 1159 is the default. If this port is
not available, the Oracle Management Service will search in the
specified range (4889 - 4897).
To clone between two target hosts separated by a firewall, the
agents will need to communicate to each other on the agent ports.
The initiating Management Agent will make the call.
Allow ICMP (0) Echo Reply and ICMP (8) Echo Request in the
firewall.
Configuring Enterprise Manager for Firewalls 10-3
About Firewalls Between Your Web Browser and the Enterprise Manager Console
10.4 About Firewalls Between Your Web Browser and the Enterprise
Manager Console
Connections from your web browser to the Enterprise Manager console are performed
over the default port used for your Oracle HTTP Server.
For example, the default, non-secure port for the Oracle HTTP Server is usually port
7788. If you are accessing the Enterprise Manager console using the following URL
and port, then you must configure the firewall to allow the Enterprise Manager
console to receive HTTP traffic over port 7788:
http://omshost.example.com:7788/em
On the other hand, if you have enabled security for your Oracle HTTP Server, you are
likely using the default secure port for the server, which is usually port 7799. If you are
accessing the Enterprise Manager console using the following URL and port, then you
must configure the firewall to allow the Enterprise Manager console to receive HTTPS
traffic over port 7799:
https://omshost.example.com:7799/em
10.5 About Configuring a Management Agent on a Host Protected by a
Firewall
If a Management Agent is installed on a host that is protected by a firewall and the
OMS is on the other side of the firewall, you must perform the following tasks:
■
■
Configure the Management Agent to use a proxy server for its uploads to the
OMS, as described in Section 10.6.
Configure the firewall to allow incoming HTTP traffic from the OMS on the
Management Agent port. Regardless of whether or not Enterprise Manager
Framework Security has been enabled, the default port is 3872. Incoming traffic
can be received only if the port corresponding to the Management Agent is open
in the firewall.
Figure 10–2 illustrates the connections the Management Agent must make when it is
protected by a firewall.
10-4 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Configuring a Management Agent to Use a Proxy Server
Figure 10–2 Configuration Tasks When the Management Agent Is Behind a Firewall
The illustration shows a diagram of the Management Agent and the Management
Service. A line representing the firewall appears between the Management Agent and
the Management Service.
Two additional lines represent data being uploaded to the Management Service and
the Management Service contacting the Management Agent, respectively. Text in the
diagram explains how you need to:
■
■
Configure the Management Agent to use a proxy server to upload data to the
Management Service
Open the Management Agent port (usually 1830) in the firewall so the
Management Service can communicate with the Management Agent.
***********************************************************************************************
10.6 Configuring a Management Agent to Use a Proxy Server
You can configure a Management Agent to use a proxy server for its communications
with an OMS outside the firewall, or to manage a target outside the firewall. To do so,
follow these steps:
1.
From the Setup menu, select Agents.
2.
Click the Agent you want to configure in the Name column in the Management
Agents table. The target home page for the Management Agent opens.
3.
Select Properties from the Agent menu.
4.
Select Advanced Properties from the pull down menu.
5.
Supply the correct values for the REPOSITORY_PROXYHOST and REPOSITORY_
PROXYPORT properties.
6.
Click Apply to save your changes, which will be saved to the AGENT_
HOME/sysman/config/emd.properties file.
Configuring Enterprise Manager for Firewalls 10-5
About Configuring a Firewall to Allow the OMS to Communicate With the Management Agents
The proxy password will be obfuscated when you restart the
Management Agent.
Note:
10.7 About Configuring a Firewall to Allow the OMS to Communicate
With the Management Agents
While the Management Agents in your environment must upload data from your
managed hosts to the OMS, the OMS must also communicate with the Management
Agents. As a result, if the Management Agent is protected by a firewall, the OMS must
be able to contact the Management Agent through the firewall on the Management
Agent port.
By default, the Enterprise Manager installation procedure assigns port 3872 to the
Management Agent. However, if that port is occupied, the installation may assign an
alternate port number.
After you determine the port number assigned to the Management Agent, you must
then configure the firewall to allow incoming HTTP or HTTPS traffic (depending upon
whether or not you have enabled Enterprise Manager Framework Security) on that
port.
10.8 About Configuring the OMS on a Host Protected by a Firewall
If your OMS is installed on a host that is protected by a firewall and the Management
Agents that provide management data are on the other side of the firewall, you must
perform the following tasks:
■
■
Configure the OMS to use a proxy server for its communication with the
Management Agents, as described in Section 10.9.
Configure the firewall to allow incoming HTTP traffic from the Management
Agents on the Management Repository upload port.
If you have enabled Enterprise Manager Framework Security, the upload URL
uses port 1159 by default. If this port is not available, Enterprise Manager will
default to first available port in the range 4899-4908. If you have not enabled
Enterprise Manager Framework Security, the upload port is the first available port
in the range 4889 - 4897.
Figure 10–3 illustrates the connections the Management Agent must make when it is
protected by a firewall.
10-6 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Configuring the OMS to Use a Proxy Server to Communicate with Management Agents
Figure 10–3 Configuration Tasks When the Management Service Is Behind a Firewall
The illustration shows a diagram of the Management Agent and the Oracle
Management Service. A line representing the firewall appears between them. The
diagram includes text that explains how you must:
■
■
Configure the Management Service to use a proxy server for connections to the
Management Agent
Open the upload URL port in the firewall so that data can be uploaded from the
Management Agent to the Management Service.
***********************************************************************************************
10.9 Configuring the OMS to Use a Proxy Server to Communicate with
Management Agents
This section describes how to configure the OMS to use a proxy server for its
communication with Management Agents outside the firewall.
To configure the OMS to use a proxy server, do the following:
1.
From the Setup menu, select Proxy Settings, then select Agents.
The Proxy Settings for Agents page enables you to configure a
proxy server that can be used for communication only from the OMS
to the Management Agent, and not from the Management Agent to
the OMS. Any proxy server you configure will be used for the
communication between the OMS and all the Management Agents.
Note:
2.
Select Manual proxy configuration.
Configuring Enterprise Manager for Firewalls 10-7
About Configuring a Firewall to Allow Management Agents to Upload Data to the OMS
3.
Specify values for Protocol, Proxy Server Host, Port, and No Proxy for. If the
specified proxy server has been configured using a security realm, login
credentials, or both, then specify values for Realm, User Name, and Password.
4.
Under the Test URL section, specify a Management Agent URL for URL, then click
Test to test if the OMS can communicate with the specified Management Agent
using the specified proxy server.
5.
If the connection is successful, click Apply to save the proxy settings to the
repository.
6.
Restart the OMS. If you are using a multi-OMS setup, restart all the OMSes.
To restart an OMS that runs on a Unix based platform, run the following
commands:
<OMS_HOME>/bin/emctl stop oms
<OMS_HOME>/bin/emctl start oms
To restart an OMS that runs on a Microsoft Windows platform, follow these steps:
1.
Right-click My Computer, then select Manage.
2.
In the Computer Management window, in the left pane, expand Services and
Applications, then select Services.
3.
Select the OracleManagementServer_EMGC_OMS* service, then click the restart
button.
10.10 About Configuring a Firewall to Allow Management Agents to
Upload Data to the OMS
While the Management Agents in your environment must contact the Management
Agents on your managed hosts, the OMS must also be able to receive the uploaded
data from the Management Agents. If the OMS is behind a firewall, you must
configure the firewall to allow the Management Agents to upload data on the upload
port.
By default, the Enterprise Manager installation procedure assigns port 4889 as the
Repository upload port. However, if that port is occupied, the installation will assign
an alternate port number.
In addition, when you enable Enterprise Manager Framework Security, the upload
port is automatically changed to the secure 1159 HTTPS port.
Administrators can also change the upload port after the installation.
After you determine the port number assigned to the OMS upload port, you must then
configure the firewall to allow incoming HTTP or HTTPS traffic (depending upon
whether or not you have enabled Enterprise Manager Framework Security) on that
port.
10.11 About Enabling the OMS to Access My Oracle Support
Unless online access to the Internet is strictly forbidden in your environment, OMS
should be enabled to access My Oracle Support. This access is necessary to enable
updates and patches to be downloaded, for example.
At minimum, the following URLs should be made available through the firewall:
■
aru-akam.oracle.com
10-8 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
About Firewalls Between the OMS and the Management Repository
■
ccr.oracle.com
■
login.oracle.com
■
support.oracle.com
■
updates.oracle.com
Ensure that the default ports, that is, port 80 for HTTP connectivity and port 443 for
HTTPS connectivity, are used to connect to the mentioned URLs.
10.12 About the dontProxyfor Property
When you configure the OMS or a Management Agent to use a proxy server, it is
important to understand the purpose of the dontProxyFor property, which identifies
specific URL domains for which the proxy will not be used.
For example, suppose the following were true:
■
■
■
You have installed the OMS and several Management Agents on hosts that are
inside the company firewall. These hosts are in the internal .example.com and
.example.us.com domains.
You have installed several additional Management Agents on hosts that are
outside the firewall. These hosts are installed in the .example.uk domain.
You have configured Enterprise Manager to automatically check for critical
software patches on My Oracle Support.
In this scenario, you want the OMS to connect directly to the Management Agents
inside the firewall without using the proxy server. On the other hand, you want the
OMS to use the proxy server to contact the Management Agents outside the firewall,
as well as the My Oracle Support site, which resides at the following URL:
http://support.oracle.com
The following properties will prevent the OMS from using the proxy server for
connections to the Management Agents inside the firewall. Connections to My Oracle
Support and to Management Agents outside the firewall will be routed through the
proxy server:
proxyHost=proxy42.example.com
proxyHost=80
dontProxyFor=.example.com, .example.us.com
10.13 About Firewalls Between the OMS and the Management Repository
Secure connections between the OMS and the Management Repository are performed
using features of Oracle Advanced Security. As a result, if the OMS and the
Management Repository are separated by a firewall, you must configure the Oracle
Net firewall proxy to allow the OMS to access the repository. Also, if you have
configured a timeout for this firewall, ensure that you tune the SQLNET.EXPIRE_TIME
parameter for Dead Connection Detection (DCD) at the database side, and set this
parameter (in $ORACLE_HOME/network/admin/sqlnet.ora) to a value smaller than the
value of the timeout configured for the firewall.
Configuring Enterprise Manager for Firewalls 10-9
About Firewalls Between Enterprise Manager and a Managed Database Target
10.14 About Firewalls Between Enterprise Manager and a Managed
Database Target
When you are using the Enterprise Manager console to manage a database, you must
log in to the database from the Enterprise Manager console in order to perform certain
monitoring and administration tasks. If you are logging in to a database on the other
side of a firewall, you will need to configure the firewall to allow Oracle Net firewall
proxy access.
Specifically, to perform any administrative activities on the managed database, you
must be sure that the firewall is configured to allow the OMS to communicate with the
database through the Oracle Listener port.
You can obtain the Listener port by reviewing the Listener home page in the Enterprise
Manager console.
10.15 About Using Firewalls with Multiple OMS Instances
Enterprise Manager supports the use of multiple OMS instances that communicate
with a common Management Repository. For example, using more than one OMS can
be helpful for load balancing as you expand your central management capabilities
across a growing e-business enterprise.
When you deploy multiple OMS instances in an environment protected by firewalls,
be sure to consider the following:
■
Each Management Agent is configured to upload data to one OMS. As a result, if
there is a firewall between the Management Agent and its OMS, you must
configure the firewall to allow the Management Agent to upload data to the OMS
using the upload URL.
See Also: Section 10.5, "About Configuring a Management Agent
on a Host Protected by a Firewall"
Section 10.8, "About Configuring the OMS on a Host Protected by a
Firewall"
■
In addition, each OMS must be able to contact any Management Agent in your
enterprise so it can check for the availability of the Management Agent. As a
result, you must be sure that your firewall is configured so that each OMS you
deploy can communicate over HTTP or HTTPS with any Management Agent in
your enterprise.
Otherwise, an OMS without access to a particular Management Agent may report
incorrect information about whether or not the Management Agent is up and
running.
See Also: "About Availability" in the Enterprise Manager online
help for information about how Enterprise Manager determines
host and Management Agent availability.
10.16 About Configuring Firewalls to Allow ICMP and UDP Traffic for
Oracle Beacons
Oracle Beacons provide application performance availability and performance
monitoring. They are part of the Application Service Level Management features of
Enterprise Manager.
10-10 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
About Enabling ICMP Echo Requests on Firewalls
See Also: "About Application Service Level Management" in the
Enterprise Manager Online Help
Enterprise Manager uses the industry-standard Internet Control Message Protocol
(ICMP) and User Datagram Protocol (UDP) to transfer data between Oracle Beacons
and the network components you are monitoring. There may be situations where your
Web application components and the Beacons you use to monitor those components
are separated by a firewall. In those cases, you must configure your firewall to allow
ICMP, UDP and HTTP traffic.
10.17 About Enabling ICMP Echo Requests on Firewalls
OMS uses the Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) Echo Request to check the
status target host machines. If the ICMP Echo Request is blocked by the firewall, a host
machine will appear to be down.
To determine the status of any machine in the environment, ICMP Echo Requests must
be enabled on the firewall. If the ICMP Echo Request is enabled, the ping command
can be issued by the OMS to check the status of the machine.
Ensure that you allow ICMP (0) Echo Reply and ICMP (8) Echo Request in the firewall.
Configuring Enterprise Manager for Firewalls
10-11
About Enabling ICMP Echo Requests on Firewalls
10-12 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
11
Sizing Your Enterprise Manager Deployment
11
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 12.1.0.5 has the ability to scale
for hundreds of users and thousands of systems and services on a single Enterprise
Manager implementation.
This chapter describes techniques for achieving optimal performance using the Oracle
Enterprise Manager application. It can also help you with capacity planning, sizing
and maximizing Enterprise Manager performance in a large scale environment. By
maintaining routine housekeeping and monitoring performance regularly, you insure
that you will have the required data to make accurate forecasts of future sizing
requirements. Receiving good baseline values for the Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control vital signs and setting reasonable warning and critical thresholds on baselines
allows Enterprise Manager to monitor itself for you.
Sizing is a critical factor in Enterprise Manager performance. Inadequately-sized
Enterprise Manager deployments may result in the overall benefits of Enterprise
Manager being compromised. The resources required for the Enterprise Manager
Oracle Management (OMS) Service and Management Repository tiers will vary
significantly based on the number of monitored targets. While there are many
additional aspects to be considered when sizing Enterprise Manager infrastructure,
these guidelines provide a simple methodology that can be followed to determine the
minimum required hardware resources and initial configuration settings for the OMS
and Management Repository tiers.
This chapter contains the following sections:
■
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Sizing
■
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Performance Methodology
■
Overview of Repository and Sizing Requirements for Fusion Middleware
Monitoring
11.1 Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Sizing
Oracle Enterprise Manager provides a highly available and scalable deployment
topology. This chapter lays out the basic minimum sizing and tuning
recommendations for initial capacity planning for your Oracle Enterprise Manager
deployment. This chapter assumes a basic understanding of Oracle Enterprise
Manager components and systems. A complete description of Oracle Enterprise
Manager can be obtained from
http://docs.oracle.com/cd/E24628_01/doc.121/e25353/overview.htm. This
information is a starting point for site sizing. Every site has its own characteristics and
should be monitored and tuned as needed.
Sizing Your Enterprise Manager Deployment
11-1
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Sizing
Sizing is a critical factor for Enterprise Manager performance. Inadequately sized
Enterprise Manager deployments will result in frustrated users and the overall
benefits of Enterprise Manager may be compromised. The resources required for
Enterprise Manager OMS and Repository tiers will vary significantly based on the
number of monitored targets. While there are many additional aspects to be
considered when sizing Enterprise Manager infrastructure, the following guidelines
provide a simple methodology that can be followed to determine the minimum
required hardware resources and initial configuration settings for the OMS and
Repository tiers.
11.1.1 Overview of Sizing Guidelines
The following sections provide an overview of the sizing guidelines.
11.1.1.1 Hardware Information
The sizing guidelines outlined in this chapter were obtained by running a virtual
environment on the following hardware and operating system combination.
■
Hardware -- Oracle's Sun Fire X4170 M2
■
Hypervisor -- 64 bit Linux Oracle Virtual Server
■
Operating System of Virtual Machines -- 64 bit Oracle Enterprise Linux
The virtual environment setup had a one to one mapping of CPUs between the Oracle
Virtual Server (OVS) host and the virtual machines running on it. The OVS servers had
enough RAM to support all virtual machines without memory swapping.
This information is based on a 64-bit Oracle Enterprise Linux environment. If you are
running on other platforms, you will need to convert the sizing information based on
similar hardware performance. This conversion should be based on single-thread
performance. Running on a machine with 24 slow cores is not equivalent to running
on a machine with 12 fast cores even though the total machine performance might be
the same on a throughput benchmark. Single thread performance is critical for good
Enterprises Manager user interface response times.
11.1.1.2 Sizing Specifications
The sizing guidelines for Oracle Enterprise Manager are divided into four sizes: Eval,
Small, Medium and Large. The definitions of each size are shown in Table 11–1.
Table 11–1
Oracle Enterprise Manager Site Sizes
Size
Agent Count
Target Count
Concurrent User Sessions
Eval
< 10
< 100
<3
Small
< 100
< 1000
<10
Medium
>= 100, < 1000
>= 1000, < 10,000
>= 10, < 25
Large
>= 1000
>= 10,000
>= 25, <= 50*
For larger user loads see Section 11.1.3.1, "Large Concurrent UI Load".
The Eval configuration is not meant for production environments. It is only to be used
for trial and testing environments.
11-2 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Sizing
11.1.1.3 Sizing for Upgraded Installs
If upgrading from a previous release of Enterprise Manager to Enterprise Manager 12c,
the following queries can be run as the sysman user to obtain the Management Agent
and target counts for use in Table 1.
■
■
Agent count - select count(*) from mgmt_targets where target_type = ‘oracle_emd’
Target count – select count(*) from mgmt_targets where target_type != ‘oracle_
emd’
11.1.1.4 Minimum Hardware Requirements
Table 11–2 lists the minimum hardware requirements for the four configurations.
Table 11–2
Oracle Enterprise Manager Minimum Hardware Requirements
Size
OMS
Memory Storage Database
Machine Cores
per OMS per OMS Machine
Count*
per OMS (GB)
(GB)
Count*
Cores per Memory per
Database Database
Machine
Machine (GB)
Eval
1
2
4
18
-
-
-
Small
1
2
6
18
1
2
6
Medium 2
4
8
18
2 (Oracle
RAC)
4
8
Large
2
8
16
18
16
4
8
18
2 (Oracle
RAC)
8
4
8
16
2 (Oracle
RAC)
*The OMS and database instances are not co-located except for the Eval size.
Table 11–3
Oracle Enterprise Manager Minimum Storage Requirements
Size
MGMT_
TABLESPACE
(GB)
MGMT_ECM_
DEPOT_TS (GB) TEMP
ARCHIVE LOG AREA
(GB
Eval
15
1
3
Archive log off
Small
50
1
10
25
Medium
200
4
20
100
Large
300
8
40
150
11.1.1.5 Network Topology Considerations
A critical consideration when deploying Enterprise Manager Cloud Control is network
performance between tiers. Enterprise Manager Cloud Control ensures tolerance of
network glitches, failures, and outages between application tiers through error
tolerance and recovery. The Management Agent in particular is able to handle a less
performant or reliable network link to the Management Service without severe impact
to the performance of Enterprise Manager as a whole. The scope of the impact, as far
as a single Management Agent's data being delayed due to network issues, is not
likely to be noticed at the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control system wide level.
The impact of slightly higher network latencies between the Management Service and
Management Repository will be substantial, however. Implementations of Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control have experienced significant performance issues when the
network link between the Management Service and Management Repository is not of
sufficient quality.
Sizing Your Enterprise Manager Deployment
11-3
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Sizing
The Management Service host and Repository host should be located in close
proximity to each other. Ideally, the round trip network latency between the two
should be less than 1 millisecond.
11.1.2 Software Configurations
The following sections provide information about Eval, small, medium and large
configurations.
11.1.2.1 Eval Configuration
The Eval configuration must be installed by selecting the Simple installation option.
The installation then must be configured with the appropriate values.
Minimum OMS Settings
The Oracle Management Service (OMS) heap size should be set to 800 MB.
Minimum Repository Database Settings
Table 11–4 below lists the minimum repository database settings that are
recommended for an Eval configuration.
Table 11–4
Eval Configuration Minimum Database Settings
Parameter
Minimum Value
Processes
300
memory_target
700 MB
redo log file size
50 MB
shared_pool_size
450 MB
session_cached_cursors
remove
11.1.2.2 Small Configuration
The Small configuration is based on the minimum requirements that are required by
the Oracle Enterprise Manager installer.
Minimum OMS Settings
No additional settings are required.
Minimum Database Settings
Table 11–5 lists the minimum recommended database settings.
Table 11–5
Small Site Minimum Database Settings
Parameter
Minimum Value
processes
300
pga_aggregate_target*
1024 MB
sga_target*
2 GB
redo log file size
300 MB
shared_pool_size
600 MB
db_securefile
PERMITTED
*memory_target of 3 GB can be used in place of sga_target and pga_aggregate_target
11-4 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Sizing
11.1.2.3 Medium Configuration
The Medium configuration modifies several out-of-box Oracle Enterprise Manager
settings.
Minimum OMS Settings
The Oracle Management Service (OMS) heap size should be set to 4096 MB.
Minimum Repository Database Settings
Table 11–6 lists the minimum repository database settings that are recommended for a
Medium configuration.
Table 11–6
Medium Site Minimum Database Settings
Parameter
Minimum Value
processes
600
pga_aggregate_target*
1280 MB
sga_target*
4 GB
redo log file size
600 MB
shared_pool_size
600 MB
db_securefile
PERMITTED
*memory_target of 5.25 GB can be used in place of sga_target and pga_aggregate_target
11.1.2.4 Large Configuration
The Large configuration modifies several out-of-box Oracle Enterprise Manager
settings.
Minimum OMS Settings
Table 11–7 lists the minimum OMS settings that are recommended for Large
configurations.
Table 11–7
Large Site Minimum OMS Settings
OMS Count
Heap Size Minimum Value
2
8192 MB
4
4096 MB
Minimum Repository Database Settings
Table 11–8 lists the minimum repository database settings that are recommended for a
Large configuration.
Table 11–8
Large Site Minimum Database Settings
Parameter
Minimum Value
processes
1000
pga_aggregate_target*
1536 MB
sga_target*
6 GB
redo log file size
1000 MB
shared_pool_size
600 MB
*memory_target of 7.5 GB can be used in place of sga_target and pga_aggregate_target
Sizing Your Enterprise Manager Deployment
11-5
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Sizing
Table 11–8 (Cont.) Large Site Minimum Database Settings
Parameter
Minimum Value
db_securefile
PERMITTED
*memory_target of 7.5 GB can be used in place of sga_target and pga_aggregate_target
11.1.2.5 Repository Tablespace Sizing
Table 11–9 lists the required minimum storage requirements for the Management
Repository.
Table 11–9
Total Management Repository Storage
Minimum Tablespace Sizes*
Deployment
Size
SYSTEM**
MGMT_
TABLESPACE
MGMT_ECM_
DEPOT_TS
MGMT_AD4J_
TS
TEMP
Small
600 MB
50 GB
1 GB
100 MB
10 GB
Medium
600 MB
200 GB
4 GB
200 MB
20 GB
Large
600 MB
300 GB
Greater than 4
GB
400 MB
40 GB
*These are strictly minimum values and are intended as rough guidelines only. The actual size of the
MGMT_TABLESPACE could vary widely from deployment to deployment due to variations in target type
distribution, user customization, and several other factors. These tablespaces are defined with
AUTOEXTEND set to ON by default to help mitigate space constraint issues. On raw file systems Oracle
recommends using more than the minimum size to help prevent space constraint issues.
**The SYSTEM and TEMP tablespace sizes are minimums for Enterprise Manager only repositories. If
Enterprise Manager is sharing the repository database with other application(s), these minimums may be
too low.
Note: You can either set up TABLESPACE FULL alerts if you want to have greater control over the
management of your tablespaces, or you can allow Oracle to grow your database and not alert you
through the AUTOEXTEND feature. Therefore to exercise greater control of the TABLESPACE FULL
alerts, you can turn off autoextend.
11.1.3 Additional Configurations
Some Enterprise Manager installations may need additional tuning settings based on
larger individual system loads. Additional settings are listed below.
11.1.3.1 Large Concurrent UI Load
If more than 50 concurrent users are expected per OMS, the following settings should
be altered as seen in Table 11–10.
Table 11–10
Large Concurrent UI Load Additional Settings
Process
Parameter
Value
Where To Set
OMS
-Djbo.recyclethreshold
Number of concurrent users /
number of OMS
Per OMS
OMS
-Djbo.ampool.maxavailab Number of concurrent users /
lesize
number of OMS
Per OMS
OMS
Heap Size
Additional 4GB for every
increment of 50 users
Per OMS
Database
sga_target
Additional 1GB for every
increment of 50 users
Per Instance
11-6 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Sizing
Higher user loads will require more hardware capacity. An additional 2 cores for both
the database and OMS hosts for every 50 concurrent users.
Example: A site with 1500 agents and 15,000 targets with 150 concurrent users would
require at a minimum the setting modifications listed in Table 11–11 (based on a
LARGE 2 OMS configuration).
Table 11–11 Large Concurrent UI Load Additional Settings Example for 2 OMS
Configurations
Process
Parameter
Value
Calculation
OMS
-Djbo.recyclethreshold
75 (set on each OMS)
150 users / 2 OMS
OMS
-Djbo.ampool.maxavailables 75 (set on each OMS)
ize
150 users / 2 OMS
OMS
Heap Size
12 GB (set on each OMS)
8GB (standard large
setting) + ((150 users –
50 default large user
load) / 2 OMS)* (4GB /
50 users)
8 GB
6GB (standard large
setting) + (150 users - 50
default large user load) *
(1GB / 50 users)
Database sga_target
Minimum Additional Hardware required is listed in Table 11–12.
Table 11–12 Large Concurrent UI Load Minimum Additional Hardware Example For 2
OMS Configuration
Tier
Parameter
Value
Calculation
OMS
CPU cores
24 (total between all
OMS hosts)
8 cores * 2 OMS (default
large core count) + (150
users - 50 default large
user load) *(2 cores * 2
OMS)/ 50 users)
Database CPU cores
24 (total between all
Database hosts)
8 cores * 2 OMS (default
large core count) + (150
users - 50 default large
user load) *(2 cores * 2
OMS / 50 users)
The physical memory of each machine would have to be increased to support running
this configuration as well.
You can alter the value of the following parameters: -Djbo.recyclethreshold,
-Djbo.ampool.maxavailablesize, and Heap Size. By default these values are set as follows:
■
Djbo.recyclethreshold is set to 50
■
Djbo.ampool.maxavailablesize is set to 50
■
Heap Size is set to -Xms1024m -Xmx1740m
You can set the values for these memory parameters by making changes in the
startEMServer.sh file, which can be found in the following location:
gc_inst/user_projects/domains/GCDomain/bin
For the -Djbo.recyclethreshold and -Djbo.ampool.maxavailablesize parameters, you
can add the first section below to the second section.
Sizing Your Enterprise Manager Deployment
11-7
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Sizing
JAVA_OPTIONS="${JAVA_OPTIONS} -Djava.security.egd=file:///dev/./urandom
-Dweblogic.debug.DebugSecurityAtn=true -Dweblogic.debug.DebugWebAppSecurity=true
-Dweblogic.SSL.LoginTimeoutMillis=300000 -Dj
ps.auth.debug=true -Xbootclasspath/p:/u01/EM12/oms/sysman/jlib/diagpatch_
bug11725986.jar -Djdkpatchlog=/u01/EM12/oms/sysman/log/diagpatch_bug11725986.log
-Doracle.apm.home=/u01/EM12/oms/apm/ -DAPM_
HELP_FILENAME=oesohwconfig.xml -Djava.util.logging.config.file=/tmp/logging.txt"
JAVA_OPTIONS="${JAVA_OPTIONS} -Djbo.recyclethreshold=100
-Djbo.ampool.maxavailablesize=5 -Djava.security.egd=file:///dev/./urandom
-Dweblogic.debug.DebugSecurityAtn=true -Dweblogic.debug.DebugWebAppSecurity=true
-Dweblogic.SSL.LoginTimeoutMillis=300000 -Djps.auth.debug=true
-Xbootclasspath/p:/u01/EM12/oms/sysman/jlib/diagpatch_bug11725986.jar
-Djdkpatchlog=/u01/EM12/oms/sysman/log/diagpatch_bug11725986.log
-Doracle.apm.home=/u01/EM12/oms/apm/ -DAPM_HELP_FILENAME=oesohwconfig.xml
-Djava.util.logging.config.file=/tmp/logging.txt"
For release 12.1.0.3 and later, see the point on Changing Djbo.ampool.maxavailablesize and
Djbo.recyclethreshold (JAVA_EM_ARGS) in Section 11.1.3.5.
In the same file, you may change the heap size settings for the following section:
USER_MEM_ARGS="-Xms1024m -Xmx1740m -XX:MaxPermSize=1024M -XX:-DoEscapeAnalysis
-XX:+UseCodeCacheFlushing -XX:CompileThreshold=8000 -XX:PermSize=128m"
Note:
Oracle does not recommend changing the Xms value.
11.1.3.2 Large Job System Load
If the jobs system has a backlog for long periods of time or if you would like the
backlog processed faster, set the following parameters with the emctl set property
command.
Table 11–13
Large Job System Backlog Settings
Parameter
Value
oracle.sysman.core.jobs.shortPoolSize
50
oracle.sysman.core.jobs.longPoolSize
24
oracle.sysman.core.jobs.longSystemPoolSize
20
oracle.sysman.core.jobs.systemPoolSize
50
oracle.sysman.core.conn.maxConnForJobWorkers
144*
*This setting may require an increase in the processes setting in the database of 144 number of
OMS servers.
These settings assume that there are sufficient database resources available to support
more load. These parameters are likely to be required in a Large configuration with 2
OMS nodes.
11.1.3.3 Large Repository Side Available Load (Release 12.1.0.3 and above)
Many targets have repository side availability in Enterprise Manager: Services,
Clusters, and so on. By default Enterprise Manger computes these availabilities with
two processes. This should be adequate for most installations. If the availability
calculation is taking more than 2 minutes on average, more processes can be added. To
track the performance of this calculation, the following SQL statement should be run:
11-8 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Sizing
select
from
where
and
and
and
order
status, actual_start_date, run_duration
dba_scheduler_job_run_details
owner='SYSMAN'
job_name='EM_REPOS_SEV_EVAL'
job_subname IS NULL
actual_start_date > sysdate-1/24
by actual_start_date;
This will track the run time of the job for the last hour. If your database has adequate
free resources and the calculation is consistently taking more that 2 minutes you can
add more processes by running the following commands as SYSMAN:
begin
em_severity_repos.set_parallel_parametrization(1, <total number of processes>);
commit;
end;
/
The change is dynamic and the next iteration of the job uses the new process count. To
determine the current setting, run the following SQL statement:
select parameter_value from em_sysavail_parameters
CHUNKS'
where parameter_name = 'NUM_
The total number of process should be incremented by 1 until the calculation takes, on
average, less than 2 minutes. After each increase, repository resource consumption
should be reevaluated before increasing further.
11.1.3.4 Large Number of Agents (Release 12.1.0.3)
The default out-of-box settings for Enterprise Manager has 2 ping recorder threads per
OMS. This setting can handle 2000 agents per OMS. If your site needs to handle more
agents than the number of OMSes * 2000, or your database per thread CPU
performance is slow, then you can increase the number of ping recorder threads per
OMS. The following parameter can be used:
oracle.sysman.core.omsAgentComm.ping.heartbeatPingRecorderThreads
This value defaults to 2 per OMS. Internal testing has shown that 1 ping thread per
1000 agents is sufficient under well-tuned situations. Each OMS requires a restart to
use the new value.
11.1.3.5 Changing OMS Properties
The following section provides examples of changing the OMS settings recommended
in this chapter. You may need to change OMS property settings, for example, when
increasing the Job Backlog. The values in the examples should be substituted with the
appropriate value for your configuration. Use the following instructions to change
OMS properties.
Changing the Heap Size
Values of the following property names for Memory Args can be set in order to
override their default values:
OMS_HEAP_MIN
OMS_HEAP_MAX
OMS_PERMGEN_MIN
OMS_PERMGEN_MAX
Sizing Your Enterprise Manager Deployment
11-9
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Sizing
The following table describes the above parameters and provides a description,
default values, recommendations for their use, and any notes, warnings or issues of
which to be aware.
Name
Description
Default
Recommendation
OMS_HEAP_MIN (-Xms)
Change of –Xms is
not really required.
Should maintain
post-installation
default value. If a
large setup becomes
a ‘very large setup’
over a period of time,
then user/sysadmin
may choose to
increase the value at
the time of increasing
the value of –Xmx.
32/64 bit -
Same as mentioned
in the Default
section.
Small: 256M
Medium: 256M
Large: 256M
For IBM JVM,
irrespective of
the app size, use
the following
settings:
Notes,
Warnings or
Issues
N/A
These are post
installation defaults,
thus the
recommended setup.
32-bit: 1024M
64-bit: 1740M
OMS_HEAP_MAX (-Xmx)
As targets are added
after the initial
installation/setup of
Enterprise Manager,
increasing the HEAP
size is recommended
to avoid any
unforeseen Out Of
Memory Error of
Tenured/Old Gen.
32 bit –
Same as mentioned
in the Default
Small/Medium/
section.
Large: 1524M
These are post
64 bit installation defaults,
thus the
Small: 1740M
recommended setup.
Medium: 4096M
Large: 8192M
For IBM JVM,
irrespective of
the app size,
there are no
limits on the
heap size.
OMS_PERMGEN_MIN
(-XX:PermSize)
Change of –XX:
PermSize is not
required. Should
maintain
post-installation
default value.
32/64 bit Small: 128M
Medium: 128M
Large: 128M
For IBM JVM,
irrespective of
the app size, use
the following
settings:
Same as mentioned
in the Default
section.
These are post
installation defaults,
thus the
recommended setup.
32-bit: 128M
64-bit: 128M
11-10 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
All these
parameters
should be
changed, once
users experience
a lower
throughput over
a period of time,
due to
consistently high
memory usage.
The person
(preferably
sysadmin)
manipulating the
parameters must
be aware of the
limits/warnings.
N/A
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Sizing
Name
Description
Default
OMS_PERMGEN_MAX
(-XX:MaxPermSize)
In Large
configurations,
where too many
activities in the OMS
container result in a
large number of
classloaders and
‘Class’ objects being
created, the perm gen
may become full,
resulting in an Out
Of Memory Error.
32 bit –
Recommendation
Notes,
Warnings or
Issues
Same as mentioned
N/A
in the Default
Small/Medium/
section.
Large: 612M
These are post
64 bit installation defaults,
Small: 612M
thus the
recommended setup.
Medium: 768M
Large: 768M
For IBM JVM,
irrespective of
the app size, use
the following
settings:
32-bit: 612M
64-bit: 612M
You can use either of the following two commands to set the value for any of the above
properties:
emctl set property –name EM_JAVA_MEM_ARGS –value <complete memory parameter>
Or you can use:
emctl set property –name <property_name> -value <number_followed_by_G_or_M>
For example:
emctl set property –name OMS_PERMGEN_MAX –value 1024M
Use the following command to get the property name:
emctl get property –name <property_name>
Values of the following property names for JBO Args can be set in order to override
their default values:
■
■
■
■
■
■
JBO_MIN_POOL_SIZE - After this limit is exceeded, the application pool will time
out application modules inactive longer than jbo.ampool.maxinactiveage. The
default value is 1.
JBO_POOL_TTL - Specifies the application module pool time to live for
application module instances. The default value is -1.
JBO_LAZY_LOAD - Determines whether to load components lazily. The default
value is TRUE.
JBO_MAX_CURSORS - The maximum number of cursors the business
components may have open. The framework will clean up free JDBC statements as
the number of cursors approaches this number. The default value is 5.
JBO_RECYC_THRESHOLD - The recycle threshold, used in application module
pooling. The default value is 50.
JBO_MAX_POOL_SIZE - After this limit is exceeded, the application pool will
time out application modules inactive for the longest time, even if that is less time
than the jbo.ampool.maxinactiveage. The default value is 50.
Use either of the following commands to set the value for any of the above properties:
Sizing Your Enterprise Manager Deployment 11-11
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Sizing
emctl set property –name EM_JAVA_MEM_ARGS –value <complete memory parameter>
Or you can use:
emctl set property –name <property_name> -value <property_value>
For example:
emctl set property –name JBO_MAX_POOL_SIZE –value 5
Use the following command to get the property name:
emctl get property –name <property_name>
An OMS restart using the below commands is required on each OMS after changing
the property value:
emctl stop oms -all
emctl start oms
Changing shortPoolSize
To change the OMS property, oracle.sysman.core.jobs.shortPoolSize, follow these
recommendations:
To set the property, enter the following command:
$ emctl set property -name oracle.sysman.core.jobs.shortPoolSize -value
200
To get the property (after changing from the default), enter the following command:
$ emctl get property -name “oracle.sysman.core.jobs.shortPoolSize”
To delete the property (revert to original setting), enter the following command:
$ emctl delete property -name “oracle.sysman.core.jobs.shortPoolSize”
An OMS and Node Manager restart using ‘emctl stop oms -all; emctl start oms’ is
required on each OMS after changing the property value. The default value is 25.
Changing longPoolSize
To change the OMS property, oracle.sysman.core.jobs.longPoolSize, follow these
recommendations:
To set the property, enter the following command:
$ emctl set property -name oracle.sysman.core.jobs.longPoolSize -value 200
To get the property (after changing from the default), enter the following command:
$ emctl get property -name “oracle.sysman.core.jobs.longPoolSize”
To delete the property (revert to original setting), enter the following command:
$ emctl delete property -name “oracle.sysman.core.jobs.longPoolSize”
An OMS restart using ‘emctl stop oms; emctl start oms’ is required on each OMS after
changing the property value. The default value is 12.
Changing longSystemPoolSize
To change the OMS property, oracle.sysman.core.jobs.longSystemPoolSize, follow
these recommendations:
To set the property, enter the following command:
$ emctl set property -name oracle.sysman.core.jobs.longSystemPoolSize
-value 200
11-12 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Sizing
To get the property (after changing from the default), enter the following command:
$ emctl get property -name “oracle.sysman.core.jobs.longSystemPoolSize”
To delete the property (revert to original setting), enter the following command:
$ emctl delete property -name “oracle.sysman.core.jobs.longSystemPoolSize”
An OMS restart using ‘emctl stop oms; emctl start oms’ is required on each OMS after
changing the property value. The default value is 10.
Changing systemPoolSize
To change the OMS property, oracle.sysman.core.jobs.systemPoolSize, follow these
recommendations:
To set the property, enter the following command:
$ emctl set property -name oracle.sysman.core.jobs.systemPoolSize -value
200
To get the property (after changing from the default), enter the following command:
$ emctl get property -name “oracle.sysman.core.jobs.systemPoolSize”
To delete the property (revert to original setting), enter the following command:
$ emctl delete property -name “oracle.sysman.core.jobs.systemPoolSize”
An OMS restart using ‘emctl stop oms; emctl start oms’ is required on each OMS after
changing the property value. The default value is 25.
Changing maxConnForJobWorkers
To change the OMS property, oracle.sysman.core.conn.maxConnForJobWorkers,
follow these recommendations:
To set the property, enter the following command:
$ emctl set property -name oracle.sysman.core.conn.maxConnForJobWorkers
-value 200
To get the property (after changing from the default), enter the following command:
$ emctl get property -name “oracle.sysman.core.conn.maxConnForJobWorkers”
To delete the property (revert to original setting), enter the following command:
$ emctl delete property -name
“oracle.sysman.core.conn.maxConnForJobWorkers”
An OMS restart using ‘emctl stop oms; emctl start oms’ is required on each OMS after
changing the property value. The default value is 25.
Changing Djbo.ampool.maxavailablesize and Djbo.recyclethreshold (JAVA_EM_
ARGS)
To change the OMS properties, Djbo.ampool.maxavailablesize and Djbo.recyclethreshold,
follow these recommendations:
To set the properties, enter the following command:
$ emctl set property -name JAVA_EM_ARGS -value
"-Djbo.ampool.maxavailablesize=500 -Djbo.recyclethreshold=500"
To get the properties (after changing from the default), enter the following command:
$ emctl get property -name "JAVA_EM_ARGS"
To delete the properties (revert to original setting), enter the following command:
Sizing Your Enterprise Manager Deployment 11-13
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Performance Methodology
$ emctl delete property -name "JAVA_EM_ARGS"
An OMS restart using ‘emctl stop oms -all; emctl start oms’ is required on each OMS
after changing the property value.
Changing omsAgentComm.ping.heartbeatPingRecorderThreads
To change the OMS property,
oracle.sysman.core.omsAgentComm.ping.heartbeatPingRecorderThreads, follow these
recommendations:
To set the property, enter the following command:
emctl set property -name
oracle.sysman.core.omsAgentComm.ping.heartbeatPingRecorderThreads -value 5
To get the property (after changing from the default), enter the following command:
emctl get property -name
oracle.sysman.core.omsAgentComm.ping.heartbeatPingRecorderThreads
To delete the properties (revert to original setting), enter the following command:
emctl delete property -name
oracle.sysman.core.omsAgentComm.ping.heartbeatPingRecorderThreads
An OMS restart using ‘emctl stop oms; emctl start oms’ is required on each OMS after
changing the property value.
11.1.3.6 Modifying Database Settings
If you have downloaded the Database Templates for a Preconfigured Repository, you
can run the appropriate SQL script to adjust the database parameters to the
recommended settings. The scripts that you should run are listed in the following
table:
Size
Script
Small
set_repo_param_11.2.0.3_Database_SQL_for_EM12_1_0_4_Small_
deployment.sql
Medium
set_repo_param_11.2.0.3_Database_SQL_for_EM12_1_0_4_Medium_
deployment.sql
Large
set_repo_param_11.2.0.3_Database_SQL_for_EM12_1_0_4_Large_
deployment.sql
Note that the above scripts do not adjust MEMORY_TARGET/ SGA_TARGET/ PGA_
AGGREGATE_TARGET so these parameters must be modified manually.
11.1.3.7 BI Publisher Configuration
If you plan to configure the installed BI Publisher (11.1.1.7.0) with Enterprise Manager
Release 12c Cloud Control, which is required for BI Publisher reports to function, add
1.5 GB to the host memory requirements stated above.
11.2 Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Performance Methodology
An accurate predictor of capacity at scale is the actual metric trend information from
each individual Enterprise Manager Cloud Control deployment. This information,
combined with an established, rough, starting host system size and iterative tuning
and maintenance, produces the most effective means of predicting capacity for your
11-14 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Performance Methodology
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control deployment. It also assists in keeping your
deployment performing at an optimal level.
Here are the steps to follow to enact the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control sizing
methodology:
1.
If you have not already installed Enterprise Manager Cloud Control, choose a
rough starting host configuration as listed in Table 11–1.
2.
Periodically evaluate your site's vital signs (detailed later).
3.
Eliminate bottlenecks using routine DBA/Enterprise Manager administration
housekeeping.
4.
Eliminate bottlenecks using tuning.
5.
Extrapolate linearly into the future to plan for future sizing requirements.
Step one need only be done once for a given deployment. Steps two, three, and four
must be done, regardless of whether you plan to grow your Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control site, for the life of the deployment on a regular basis. These steps are essential
to an efficient Enterprise Manager Cloud Control site regardless of its size or
workload. You must complete steps two, three, and four before you continue on to
step five. This is critical. Step five is only required if you intend to grow the
deployment size in terms of monitored targets. However, evaluating these trends
regularly can be helpful in evaluating any other changes to the deployment.
11.2.1 Step 1: Choosing a Starting Platform Cloud Control Deployment
For information about choosing a starting platform Cloud Control deployment, see
Section 11.1.1, "Overview of Sizing Guidelines".
11.2.2 Step 2: Periodically Evaluating the Vital Signs of Your Site
This is the most important step of the five. Without some degree of monitoring and
understanding of trends or dramatic changes in the vital signs of your Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control site, you are placing site performance at serious risk. Every
monitored target sends data to the Management Repository for loading and
aggregation through its associated Management Agent. This adds up to a considerable
volume of activity that requires the same level of management and maintenance as
any other enterprise application.
Enterprise Manager has "vital signs" that reflect its health. These vital signs should be
monitored for trends over time as well as against established baseline thresholds. You
must establish realistic baselines for the vital signs when performance is acceptable.
Once baselines are established, you can use built-in Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control functionality to set baseline warning and critical thresholds. This allows you
to be notified automatically when something significant changes on your Enterprise
Manager site. The following table is a point-in-time snapshot of the Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control vital signs for two sites:
Module
Metrics
EM Site 1
EM Site 2
emsite1
emsite2
Database Targets
192 (45 not up)
1218 (634 not up)
Host Targets
833 (12 not up)
1042 (236 not up)
Site
Target Counts
Sizing Your Enterprise Manager Deployment 11-15
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Performance Methodology
Module
Metrics
EM Site 1
EM Site 2
Total Targets
2580 (306 not up)
12293 (6668 not up)
Overall Status
Overall Backoff Requests in the Last
10 Mins
0
500
Job Statistics
Estimated time for clearing current
Job steps backlogJob
0.1
7804
Event Statistics
Pending Events Count
2
4000
Management Service Host
Statistics
Average % CPU (Host 1)
9 (emhost01)
13 (emhost01)
Management Repository Host
Statistics
Enterprise Manager UI Page
Response/Sec
Average % CPU (Host 2)
6 (emhost02)
17 (emhost02)
Average % CPU (Host 3)
N/A
38 (em6003)
Average % CPU (Host 4)
N/A
12 (em6004)
Number of cores per host
2 X 2.8 (Xeon)
4 X 2.4 (Xeon)
Memory per Host (GB)
8
8
Average % CPU (Host 1)
12 (db01rac)
64 (em6001rac)
Average % CPU (Host 2)
14 (db02rac)
78 (em6002rac)
Number of CPU cores per host
4
8
Memory target (GB)
5.25
7.5
Memory per Host (GB)
8
16
Total Management Repository Size
(GB)
56
98
Oracle RAC Interconnect Traffic
(MB/s)
1
4
Management Server Traffic (MB/s)
4
4
Total Management Repository I/O
(MB/s)
6
27
Home Page
3
6
All Host Page
3
30+
All Database Page
6
30+
Database Home Page
2
2
Host Home Page
2
2
The two Enterprise Manager sites are at the opposite ends of the scale for performance.
EM Site 1 is performing very well with very few backoff requests. It also has a very
low job and event backlogs. The CPU utilization on both the OMS and Management
Repository Server hosts are low. Most importantly, the UI Page Response times are
excellent. To summarize, Site 1 is doing substantial work with minimal effort. This is
how a well configured, tuned and maintained Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control site should look.
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Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Performance Methodology
Conversely, EM Site 2 is having difficulty. The site has substantial amounts of backoffs
and sizable job and event backlogs. Worst of all are the user interface page response
times. There is clearly a bottleneck on Site 2, possibly more than one.
These vital signs are all available from within the Enterprise Manager interface. Most
values can be found on the All Metrics page for each host, or the All Metrics page for
the OMS. Keeping an eye on the trends over time for these vital signs, in addition to
assigning thresholds for warning and critical alerts, allows you to maintain good
performance and anticipate future resource needs. You should plan to monitor these
vital signs as follows:
■
■
■
Take a baseline measurement of the vital sign values seen in the previous table
when the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control site is running well.
Set reasonable thresholds and notifications based on these baseline values so you
can be notified automatically if they deviate substantially. This may require some
iteration to fine-tune the thresholds for your site. Receiving too many notifications
is not useful.
On a daily (or weekly at a minimum) basis, watch for trends in the 7-day graphs
for these values. This will not only help you spot impending trouble, but it will
also allow you to plan for future resource needs.
The next step provides some guidance of what to do when the vital sign values are not
within established thresholds. Also, it explains how to maintain your site's
performance through routine housekeeping.
11.2.3 Step 3: Using DBA and Enterprise Manager Tasks To Eliminate Bottlenecks
It is critical to note that routine housekeeping helps keep your Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control site running well. The following are lists of housekeeping tasks and the
interval on which they should be done.
11.2.3.1 Offline Monthly Tasks
Enterprise Manager Administrators should monitor the database built-in Segment
Advisor for recommendations on Enterprise Manager Repository segment health. The
Segment Advisor advises administrators which segments need to be
rebuilt/reorganized and provides the commands to do so.
For more information about Segment Advisor and issues related to system health,
refer to notes 242736.1 and 314112.1 in the My Oracle Support Knowledge Base.
11.2.4 Step 4: Eliminating Bottlenecks Through Tuning
The most common causes of performance bottlenecks in the Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control application are listed below (in order of most to least common):
1.
Housekeeping that is not being done (far and away the biggest source of
performance problems)
2.
Hardware or software that is incorrectly configured
3.
Hardware resource exhaustion
When the vital signs are routinely outside of an established threshold, or are trending
that way over time, you must address two areas. First, you must ensure that all
previously listed housekeeping is up to date. Secondly, you must address resource
utilization of the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control application. The vital signs listed
in the previous table reflect key points of resource utilization and throughput in
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control. The following sections cover some of the key vital
Sizing Your Enterprise Manager Deployment 11-17
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Performance Methodology
signs along with possible options for dealing with vital signs that have crossed
thresholds established from baseline values.
11.2.4.1 High CPU Utilization
When you are asked to evaluate a site for performance and notice high CPU
utilization, there are a few common steps you should follow to determine what
resources are being used and where.
1.
Use the Processes display on the Enterprise Manager Host home page to
determine which processes are consuming the most CPU on any Management
Service or Management Repository host that has crossed a CPU threshold.
2.
Once you have established that Enterprise Manager is consuming the most CPU,
use Enterprise Manager to identify what activity is the highest CPU consumer.
Typically this manifests itself on a Management Repository host where most of the
Management Service's work is performed. Here are a few typical spots to
investigate when the Management Repository appears to be using too many
resources.
a.
Click the CPU Used database resource listed on the Management Repository's
Database Performance page to examine the SQL that is using the most CPU at
the Management Repository.
b.
Check the Database Locks on the Management Repository's Database
Performance page looking for any contention issues.
c.
Check the SQL Monitoring on the Management Repository's Database for any
resource intensive SQL.
High CPU utilization is probably the most common symptom of any performance
bottleneck. Typically, the Management Repository is the biggest consumer of CPU,
which is where you should focus. A properly configured and maintained Management
Repository host system that is not otherwise hardware resource constrained should
average roughly 40 percent or less total CPU utilization. An OMS host system should
average roughly 20 percent or less total CPU utilization. These relatively low average
values should allow sufficient headroom for spikes in activity. Allowing for activity
spikes helps keep your page performance more consistent over time. If your Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control site interface pages happen to be responding well
(approximately 3 seconds) while there are no significant backlogs, and it is using more
CPU than recommended, you may not have to address it unless you are concerned it is
part of a larger upward trend.
The recommended path for tracking down the root cause of high Management
Repository CPU utilization is captured under step 3.b and 3.c listed above. This allows
you to start at the Management Repository Performance page and work your way
down to the SQL that is consuming the most CPU in its processing. This approach has
been used very successfully on several real world sites.
If you are running Enterprise Manager on Intel based hosts, the Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control Management Service and Management Repository will both benefit
from Hyper-Threading (HT) being enabled on the host or hosts on which they are
deployed. HT is a function of certain late models of Intel processors, which allows the
execution of some amount of CPU instructions in parallel. This gives the appearance of
double the number of CPUs physically available on the system. Testing has proven
that HT provides approximately 1.5 times the CPU processing power as the same
system without HT enabled. This can significantly improve system performance. The
Management Service and Management Repository both frequently have more than
one process executing simultaneously, so they can benefit greatly from HT.
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Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Performance Methodology
11.2.4.2 Loader Vital Signs
The vital signs for the loader indicate exactly how much data is continuously coming
into the system from all the Enterprise Manager Agents. The most important item here
is the “Number of Agents Sent Back in the Last Hour” metric. The metric can be found
in the All Metrics page of each management service. This is the number of agents
instructed to defer loading of data in the last hour. Ideally no agent should be
instructed to defer loading, but some level of deferred loading is normal. If this value
is above 2 percent of your deployed agent count and it is growing continuously, then
action should be taken.
The number of Loader Threads is always set to 20 per OMS by default. Adding loader
threads to an OMS increases the overall host CPU utilization. Customers can change
this value as their site requires.
There are diminishing returns when adding loader threads if your repository does not
have sufficient resources available. If you have available repository resources, as you
add loader threads, you should see the “Number of Agents Sent Back in the Last
Hour” metric decrease. If you are not seeing improvement you should explore other
tuning or housekeeping opportunities.
To add more loader threads, you can change the following configuration parameter:
oracle.sysman.core.gcloader.max_recv_thread
The default value is 20. This is a per OMS setting.
You can access the Loader report by selecting Reports from the Enterprise menu and
then choosing Information Publisher Reports. The title of the report is Loader Statistics.
When you click on the report name, Enterprise Manager will execute the pre-defined
report which will show the loader performance details.
11.2.4.3 Rollup Vital Signs
The rollup process is the aggregation mechanism for Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control. The two vital signs for the rollup are the rows/second and % of hour run.
Due to the large volume of data rows processed by the rollup, it tends to be the largest
consumer of Management Repository buffer cache space. Because of this, the rollup
vital signs can be great indicators of the benefit of increasing buffer cache size.
Rollup rows/second shows exactly how many rows are being processed, or
aggregated and stored, every second. This value is usually around 2,000 (+/- 500) rows
per second on a site with a decent size buffer cache and reasonable speedy I/O. A
downward trend over time for this value may indicate a future problem, but as long as
% of hour run is under 100 your site is probably fine.
If rollup % of hour run is trending up (or is higher than your baseline), and you have
not yet set the Management Repository buffer cache to its maximum, it may be
advantageous to increase the buffer cache setting. Usually, if there is going to be a
benefit from increasing buffer cache, you will see an overall improvement in resource
utilization and throughput on the Management Repository host. The loader statistics
will appear a little better. CPU utilization on the host will be reduced and I/O will
decrease. The most telling improvement will be in the rollup statistics. There should be
a noticeable improvement in both rollup rows/second and % of hour run. If you do
not see any improvement in any of these vital signs, you can revert the buffer cache to
its previous size. The old Buffer Cache Hit Ratio metric can be misleading. It has been
observed in testing that Buffer Cache Hit Ratio will appear high when the buffer cache
is significantly undersized and Enterprise Manager Cloud Control performance is
struggling because of it. There will be times when increasing buffer cache will not help
improve performance for Cloud Control. This is typically due to resource constraints
Sizing Your Enterprise Manager Deployment 11-19
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Performance Methodology
or contention elsewhere in the application. Consider using the steps listed in the High
CPU Utilization section to identify the point of contention. Cloud Control also
provides advice on buffer cache sizing from the database itself. This is available on the
database Memory Parameters page.
One important thing to note when considering increasing buffer cache is that there
may be operating system mechanisms that can help improve Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control performance. One example of this is the "large memory" option
available on Red Hat Linux. The Linux OS Red Hat Advanced Server™ 2.1 (RHAS)
has a feature called big pages. In RHAS 2.1, bigpages is a boot up parameter that can
be used to pre-allocate large shared memory segments. Use of this feature, in
conjunction with a large Management Repository SGA, can significantly improve
overall Cloud Control application performance. Starting in Red Hat Enterprise
Linux™ 3, big pages functionality is replaced with a new feature called huge pages,
which no longer requires a boot-up parameter.
11.2.4.4 Rollup Process
The Rollup process introduces the concept of rollup participating instance; where
rollup processing will be distributed among all participating instances. To add a
candidate instance to the participating EMROLLUP group, the parameter
instance_groups should be set on the instance level as follows:
■
Add EMROLLUP_1 to the instance_group parameter for node 1
Add EMROLLUP_2 to the instance_group parameter for node 2
■
■
Introduce the PQ and PW parallel processing modes where:
–
PQ is the parallel query/parallel dml mode. In this mode, each participating
instance will have one worker utilizing the parallel degree specified.
–
PW is the parallel worker mode. In this mode, each participating instance will
have a number of worker jobs equal to the parallel level specified
Distribute the work load for all participating Oracle RAC instances as follows:
–
Each participating instance will be allocated equal number of targets. So for
(n) number of participating instances with total workload (tl), each instance
will be allocated (tl/n).
–
Each worker on any participating instance will be allocated equal number of
targets of that instance workload. So for (il) number of targets per instance
with (w) number of workers, each worker will be allocated (il/w).
–
For each worker, the load is further divided into batches to control the number
of times the rollup SQL is executed. The number of rows per batch will be the
total number of rows allocated for the worker divided by the number of
batches.
Use the following recommendations as guidelines during the Rollup process:
■
■
■
Use the parallel worker (PW) mode, and utilize the participating EMROLLUP_xx
instance group.
The recommendation is to use the parallel worker mode.
Splitting the work among more workers will improve the performance and
scalability until a certain point where the diminishing returns rule will apply. This
is dependent on the number of CPUs available on each Oracle RAC node. In this
test case, running with 10 workers was the optimal configuration, balancing the
response time, machine CPU and IO utilization.
11-20 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Performance Methodology
■
■
It is important to set a proper batch size (10 recommended). The optimal run was
the one with 10 batches, attributed to balancing the number of executions of the
main SQL (calling EMD_1HOUR_ROLLUP) and the sort space needed for each
individual execution.
Start by setting the number of batches to 10 bearing in mind the number of batches
can be changed based on the data distribution.
The recommendations above will yield the following results. Using the multi-instance
parallel worker (8 PW) mode (with the redesigned code described earlier) improves
the performance by a factor of 9-13 when utilizing two participating Oracle RAC
instances.
Rollup row count (in
millions) in MGMT_
METRICS_1HOUR
Time (min)
Workers
Batch Size
29.5
30
8
1
9.4
5
8
10
** For the entire test there were 15779 distinct TARGET_GUID
** The test produced “29.5 Million” new rollup rows in MGMT_METRICS_1HOUR
Run **
Rows/Workers
Batches/Workers
Rows/Batch
Time
(min)
8 PW /1 instance
3945
3945
1
40
8 PW /2 instances
1973
1973
1
30
11.2.4.5 Job, Notification, and Alert Vital Signs
Jobs, notifications, and alerts are indicators of the processing efficiency of the
Management Service(s) on your Enterprise Manager Cloud Control site. Any negative
trends in these values are usually a symptom of contention elsewhere in the
application. The best use of these values is to measure the benefit of running with
more than one OMS. There is one job dispatcher in each OMS. Adding OMS instances
will not always improve these values. In general, adding OMS instances will improve
overall throughput for Cloud Control when the application is not otherwise
experiencing resource contention issues. Job, Notification, and Alert vital signs can
help measure that improvement.
11.2.4.6 I/O Vital Signs
Monitoring the I/O throughput of the different channels in your Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control deployment is essential to ensuring good performance. At minimum,
there are three different I/O channels on which you should have a baseline and alert
thresholds defined:
■
Disk I/O from the Management Repository instance to its data files
■
Network I/O between the OMS and Management Repository
■
Oracle RAC interconnect (network) I/O (on Oracle RAC systems only)
You should understand the potential peak and sustained throughput I/O capabilities
for each of these channels. Based on these and the baseline values you establish, you
can derive reasonable thresholds for warning and critical alerts on them in Cloud
Control. You will then be notified automatically if you approach these thresholds on
your site. Some Cloud Control site administrators can be unaware or mistaken about
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Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Performance Methodology
what these I/O channels can handle on their sites. This can lead to Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control saturating these channels, which in turn cripples performance on the
site. In such an unfortunate situation, you would see that many vital signs would be
impacted negatively.
To discover whether the Management Repository is involved, you can use Cloud
Control to check the Database Performance page. On the Performance page for the
Management Repository, click the wait graph showing the largest amount of time
spent. From this you can continue to drill down into the actual SQL code or sessions
that are waiting. This should help you to understand where the bottleneck is
originating.
Another area to check is unexpected I/O load from non-Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control sources like backups, another application, or a possible data-mining co-worker
who engages in complex SQL queries, multiple Cartesian products, and so on.
Total Repository I/O trouble can be caused by two factors. The first is a lack of regular
housekeeping. Some of the Cloud Control segments can be very badly fragmented
causing a severe I/O drain. Second, there can be some poorly tuned SQL statements
consuming much of the site I/O bandwidth. These two main contributors can cause
most of the Cloud Control vital signs to plummet. In addition, the lax housekeeping
can cause the Management Repository's allocated size to increase dramatically.
One important feature of which to take advantage is asynchronous I/O. Enabling
asynchronous I/O can dramatically improve overall performance of the Cloud Control
application. The Sun Solaris™ and Linux operating systems have this capability, but
may be disabled by default. The Microsoft Windows™ operating system uses
asynchronous I/O by default. Oracle strongly recommends enabling of this operating
system feature on the Management Repository hosts and on Management Service
hosts as well.
Automatic Storage Management (ASM) is recommended for Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control repository database storage.
11.2.4.7 About the Oracle Enterprise Manager Performance Page
There may be occasions when Enterprise Manager user interface pages are slow in the
absence of any other performance degradation. The typical cause for these slow downs
will be an area of Enterprise Manager housekeeping that has been overlooked. The
first line of monitoring for Enterprise Manger page performance is the use of
Enterprise Manager beacons. These functionalities are also useful for web applications
other than Enterprise Manager.
Beacons are designed to be lightweight page performance monitoring targets. After
defining a beacon target on an Management Agent, you can then define UI
performance transactions using the beacon. These transactions are a series of UI page
hits that you will manually walk through once. Thereafter, the beacon will
automatically repeat your UI transaction on a specified interval. Each time the beacon
transaction is run, Enterprise Manager will calculate its performance and store it for
historical purposes. In addition, alerts can be generated when page performance
degrades below thresholds you specify.
When you configure the Enterprise Manager beacon, you begin with a single
predefined transaction that monitors the home page you specify during this process.
You can then add as many transactions as are appropriate. You can also set up
additional beacons from different points on your network against the same web
application to measure the impact of WAN latency on application performance. This
same functionality is available for all Web applications monitored by Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control.
11-22 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Performance Methodology
After you are alerted to a UI page that is performing poorly, you can then use the
second line of page performance monitoring in Enterprise Manager Cloud Control.
This end-to-end (or E2E) monitoring functionality in Cloud Control is designed to
allow you to break down processing time of a page into its basic parts. This will allow
you to pinpoint when maintenance may be required to enhance page performance.
E2E monitoring in Cloud Control lets you break down both the client side processing
and the server side processing of a single page hit.
The next page down in the Middle Tier Performance section will break out the
processing time by tier for the page. By clicking the largest slice of the Processing Time
Breakdown pie chart, which is JDBC time above, you can get the SQL details. By
clicking the SQL statement, you break out the performance of its execution over time.
The JDBC page displays the SQL calls the system is spending most of its page time
executing. This SQL call could be an individual DML statement or a PL/SQL
procedure call. In the case of an individual SQL statement, you should examine the
segments (tables and their indexes) accessed by the statement to determine their
housekeeping (rebuild and reorganization) needs. The PL/SQL procedure case is
slightly more involved because you must look at the procedure's source code in the
Management Repository to identify the tables and associated indexes accessed by the
call.
Once you have identified the segments, you can then run the necessary rebuild and
reorganization statements for them with the OMS down. This should dramatically
improve page performance. There are cases where page performance will not be
helped by rebuild and reorganization alone, such as when excessive numbers of open
alerts, system errors, and metric errors exist. The only way to improve these calls is to
address (for example, clean up or remove) the numbers of these issues. After these
numbers are reduced, then the segment rebuild and reorganization should be
completed to optimize performance. These scenarios are covered in Section 11.2.3. If
you stay current, you should not need to analyze UI page performance as often, if at
all.
For more information about new features for monitoring the performance of SQL
procedures from the Enterprise Manager console, see the chapter, "Maintaining
Enterprise Manager" in the Enterprise Manager Administration book.
11.2.4.8 Determining the Optimum Number of Middle Tier OMS Servers
Determining the optimum number of middle tier OMS servers is not a trivial task. A
number of data points must be considered for an informed, justified and acceptable
decision for introducing additional OMS instances. The number of monitored targets is
one of the first considerations, but its weight in decision making is normally not
substantial.
The following items should be considered and examined as part of this exercise:
■
The volume of job automation and scheduling used
■
The number of administrators working simultaneously in the console
■
Network bandwidth and data channel robustness from agents to the OMS servers
■
Number of triggered violations and notifications
■
Speed and stability of the IO system the OMS servers use
Careful investigation of each category is essential to making an informed decision. In
some cases, just adding an OMS server or providing more CPU or memory to the same
host may not make any difference in performance enhancement. You can use the
current running OMS instances to collect accurate statistics on current OMS
Sizing Your Enterprise Manager Deployment 11-23
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Performance Methodology
performance to calculate the number of required OMS servers for current or future
deployments. Enterprise Manager has vital signs that reflect its health. These vital
signs should be monitored for trends over time as well as against established baseline
thresholds.
11.2.5 Step 5: Extrapolating Linearly Into the Future for Sizing Requirements
Determining future storage requirements is an excellent example of effectively using
vital sign trends. You can use two built-in Cloud Control charts to forecast this: the
total number of targets over time and the Management Repository size over time.
Both of the graphs are available on the All Metrics page for the Management Service. It
should be obvious that there is a correlation between the two graphs. A straight line
applied to both curves would reveal a fairly similar growth rate. After a target is
added to Enterprise Manager Cloud Control for monitoring, there is a 31-day period
where Management Repository growth will be seen because most of the data that will
consume Management Repository space for a target requires approximately 31 days to
be fully represented in the Management Repository. A small amount of growth will
continue for that target for the next year because that is the longest default data
retention time at the highest level of data aggregation. This should be negligible
compared with the growth over the first 31 days.
When you stop adding targets, the graphs will level off in about 31 days. When the
graphs level off, you should see a correlation between the number of targets added
and the amount of additional space used in the Management Repository. Tracking
these values from early on in your Enterprise Manager Cloud Control deployment
process helps you to manage your site's storage capacity pro-actively. This history is an
invaluable tool.
The same type of correlation can be made between CPU utilization and total targets to
determine those requirements. There is a more immediate leveling off of CPU
utilization as targets are added. There should be no significant increase in CPU cost
over time after adding the targets beyond the relatively immediate increase.
Introducing new monitoring to existing targets, whether new metrics or increased
collections, would most likely lead to increased CPU utilization.
11.2.6 Using Returning Query Safeguards to Improve Performance
On the All Targets page, Enterprise Manager uses a safeguard that prevents a flood of
data from slowing performance and consuming excessive resources within the OMS
by limiting the number of rows that can be returned from a query. By default, the limit
is set to 2000, but an Enterprise Manager administrator can modify the limit with the
following command:
emctl set property -name oracle.sysman.core.uifwk.maxRows -value 2000
Providing a value equal to 0 will turn off the safeguard and fetch all rows. The new
value takes immediate effect; no OMS restart is required. If the value is less than 0, the
default value (2000) will be used instead. The only way to indicate that no limiting
should be performed is to set the value to exactly 0.
When there are too many results returned from a query and this limit comes into
effect, the following message appears under the results table:
"This table of search results is limited to 2000 targets. Narrow the results by using Refine
Search or Search Target Name. See the tuning guide for how to modify this limit."
Similar behaviors (and messages) are applied to other large tables throughout
Enterprise Manager. The same OMS property (oracle.sysman.core.uifwk.maxRows)
11-24 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Overview of Repository and Sizing Requirements for Fusion Middleware Monitoring
controls the maximum limit for all of them together. This matches the behavior (and
reuses the existing property) from previous Enterprise Manager releases.
11.3 Overview of Repository and Sizing Requirements for Fusion
Middleware Monitoring
A Fusion Middleware target is like any other Enterprise Manager target. Therefore any
repository or sizing guideline that is applicable for an Enterprise Manager target
would be applicable on a Fusion Middleware target.
One major concern in the case of Fusion Middleware discovery is that too many
targets may be discovered, created and monitored. This adds additional load on the
OMS instance, repository and agent. In the case of very large number of targets, after
target discovery Oracle recommends that users should review all the targets and their
respective metrics.
Based on requirements, users should finalize which targets and metrics should be
monitored and the required frequency those targets should be monitored.
After discovery, Oracle recommends you allow Fusion Middleware/ADP/JVMD
monitoring to run for some duration (a few days to possibly a few weeks) and
continuously monitor the database size and Operating System file system growth (in
the case of ADP; ADP Manager requires a minimum of 10GB of disk space) until it
becomes constant. You can then fine tune various parameters associated with these
different features.
In version 12c of Enterprise Manager, both ADP and JVMD use the Enterprise
Manager repository as their repository. Their data are stored in the MGMT_AD4J_TS
tablespace.
11.3.1 ADP Monitoring
Use the following information when utilizing ADP Monitoring.
■
ADP Manager Resources Requirement
While managing 70K managed entities, if the number of managed entities is high
you must allocate resources accordingly.
Resource
Amount
Physical Memory
2 GB
Minimum Disk Space
10 GB
■
ADP Data requirement
To monitor each entity per JVM, the MGMT_AD4J_TS tablespace must have 8 MB
available.
■
ADP Data Retention Policy
ADP maintains sophisticated multi-tiered logic for aggregation (or compression)
of performance data. This helps to optimize performance of interaction with the
internal data repository both when querying data for presentation or inserting
new performance metrics.
Users who want to store longer term data should look for this section in
Acsera.properties:
Sizing Your Enterprise Manager Deployment 11-25
Overview of Repository and Sizing Requirements for Fusion Middleware Monitoring
#########################
# Production setting
# NOTE: use Model.GlobalSamplingRateSecs to configure Metric.Grain.0
#########################
Metric.Grain.0 0s
Metric.TableInterval.0 = 4h
Metric.DataLife.0 = 2d
Metric.Grain.1 = 3m
Metric.TableInterval.1 =1d
Metric.DataLife.1 = 8d
#Metric.Grain.2 = 30m
#Metric.TableInterval.2 = 7d
#Metric.DataLife.2 = 420d
Uncomment the last 3 lines for the Metric.*.2 properties.
11.3.2 JVMD Monitoring
Use the following information when employing JVMD Monitoring.
■
JVMD Manager Resources Requirement
To manage 200-300 jvms, JVMD manager requires physical memory of 1 GB.
JVMD manager caches monitoring data in the TEMP space for each pool and
flushes to the database frequently. Usually, depending on the number of pools the
manager is monitoring and the amount of data being gathered from each pool, the
size requirement of these temporary cache files varies, but it is rare to see more
than a few MBs for each pool. If this is a concern, the TEMP space should be
allocated accordingly.
■
JVMD Data requirement
To monitor every JVM with OOB settings, the MGMT_AD4J_TS tablespace must
have 50-100MB available.
■
JVM Diagnostics Historical Data and its Retention policy
Historical data is available at three summary levels 0, 1 and 2.
–
Summary level 0 - is raw sample data taken at the specified pool polling
interval (default 2 seconds). If you look at data within one hour on the
Performance Diagnostics page, it shows summary level 0 data. Level 0 data is
retained for 24 hours and subsequently purged. It can be changed via the
Console Setup page, but before increasing the value, you should ensure that
the repository is tuned properly to handle such large amounts of data.
–
Summary level 1 - is aggregated data. If you view data after more than one
hour but less than 5 hours, it is summary level 1 data. The default aggregation
interval is 90 seconds. This value can be changed via the Console Setup page.
Level 1 data is retained for 20 days and subsequently purged.
–
Summary level 2 - is further aggregated data. If you view data more than five
hours old, it is summary level 2 data. This data is aggregated every 60
minutes. Level 2 data is retained for 400 days and subsequently purged.
There are two JVMD features that can drastically affect MGMT_AD4J_TS tablespace
usage:
■
JVMD Heap Dumps
11-26 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Overview of Repository and Sizing Requirements for Fusion Middleware Monitoring
Analyzing heap requires massive tablespace resources. Oracle recommends
having 5 times the size of the heap dump file you are loading free in your
tablespace. Since you will have the heap dump file and know its size before you
run the load script, you should ensure that you have adequate space to
accommodate the dump before you load it into your database.
■
Thread Traces
While these are smaller than heaps by an order of magnitude, these are loaded into
the database automatically by default when you initiate a trace at the console. The
size of these traces can vary dramatically depending on the number of active
threads during the trace, the duration of the trace, and the sample interval of the
trace. They should generally be under 100MB each, but a user utilizing a large
number of these could manually fill up the database quickly. Again, since these are
created only by manual intervention, you should ensure that there is adequate
space to accommodate traces before initiating them.
Sizing Your Enterprise Manager Deployment 11-27
Overview of Repository and Sizing Requirements for Fusion Middleware Monitoring
11-28 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
12
Installing ADP with Advanced Installation
Options
21
This chapter describes how you can install Application Dependency and Performance
(ADP) in the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control environment, using advanced
installation options.
In particular, this chapter covers the following:
■
Overview of Application Dependency and Performance Architecture
■
Before you Begin Installing Application Dependency and Performance
■
Prerequisites for Installing Application Dependency and Performance
■
■
Installing Application Dependency and Performance Using Advanced Installation
Options
After Installing Application Dependency and Performance
12.1 Overview of Application Dependency and Performance Architecture
Application Dependency and Performance (ADP) is one of the critical functionalities
in Enterprise Manager Cloud Control that allows you to analyze Java EE, SOA, and
Portal applications. It captures the complex relationships among various application
building blocks in its application schema model - the core of the Oracle intelligent
platform. To manage these applications effectively, enterprises must first gain an
understanding of the complex relationships among the business functions, associated
interconnected components, and the underlying runtime environments. To enable
clear and accurate understanding, IT organizations need holistic, service-oriented
views that span across heterogeneous environments.
Using the insights stored in Application Schema, ADP is able to deliver an Application
Service Management (ASM) environment that self-customizes out-of-the-box, evolves
with change, minimizes expert involvement, and delivers a holistic, service-oriented
view across heterogeneous environments.
ADP employs a multi-tier, fully distributed, configurable architecture to provide the
scalability and flexibility to meet the changing needs of enterprise deployments.
Installing ADP with Advanced Installation Options
12-1
Before you Begin Installing Application Dependency and Performance
Figure 12–1 ADP Architecture
OMS Host - EMGC_DOMAIN
AppServer Host - Domain 1
EMGC_OMS
Managed Server
APP Server
RMI-SSL
CAMM ADF UI
RMI-SSL
CAMM
Agent
EM Agent
APP Server
RMI-SSL
RMI-SSL
CAMM
Agent
EMGC_ADPMANAGER1
Managed Server
AppServer Host - Domain 2
EMGC_ADPMANAGER2
Managed Server
APP Server
RMI-SSL
CAMM
Agent
EM Agent
APP Server
EM Agent
RMI-SSL
CAMM
Agent
EM Repo
ADP Engine is the core analytical engine of the ADP ASM system. In real-time, ADP
Engine performs complex mathematical modeling and statistical calculations with
summarized data from all ADP Java Agents. ADP Engine can be configured with a
backup to provide higher level of availability.
ADP Java Agents are the data collectors of the ADP ASM system. ADP Java Agents are
deployed to all managed application servers to perform a series of tasks including
collecting performance managements, tracking contextual relationships, and
summarizing data in real-time while introducing as little overhead as possible.
12.2 Before you Begin Installing Application Dependency and
Performance
Before installing ADP Engine or ADP Agent, review the points outlined in Oracle
Enterprise Manager Basic Installation Guide.
12.3 Prerequisites for Installing Application Dependency and
Performance
Before installing ADP Engine or ADP Agent, ensure that you meet the prerequisites
described in Oracle Enterprise Manager Basic Installation Guide.
12-2 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Installing Application Dependency and Performance Using Advanced Installation Options
12.4 Installing Application Dependency and Performance Using
Advanced Installation Options
This section describes how to install ADP manually, using scripts. It includes the
following:
■
Deploying ADP Engine Manually Using ApmEngineSetup.pl
■
Deploying ADP Agents Manually Using deploy_adpagent.pl
12.4.1 Deploying ADP Engine Manually Using ApmEngineSetup.pl
You can deploy ADP Engine manually, using the ApmEngineSetup.pl script. You can
run this script in the following ways:
■
■
In interactive mode, where you are prompted for input details in an interactive
manner
In silent mode, where you specify all the input details using a properties file
Important: You can use the ApmEngineSetup.pl script to deploy ADP
Engine only on a host that is running the OMS, and not on a remote
host.
To deploy ADP Engine manually using the ApmEngineSetup.pl script, follow these
steps:
1.
Navigate to the following location on the OMS host:
$<MIDDLEWARE_HOME>/plugins/oracle.sysman.emas.oms.plugin_
12.1.0.8.0/archives/jvmd/deployment_Scripts/engine/
2.
View the README.txt file, for information on using the ApmEngineSetup.pl script.
3.
Run the ApmEngineSetup.pl script.
If you want to run the ApmEngineSetup.pl script in interactive mode, such that
you are prompted for the input details, use the following command:
perl ApmEngineSetup.pl
Ensure that you specify the operation as deploy, and the Engine Type as ADP.
If you want to run the ApmEngineSetup.pl script in silent mode, specify all the
input details in a properties file, then use the following command:
perl ApmEngineSetup.pl -silent -file <properties_file_name> -password
<password>
<properties_file_name> is the name of the properties file where the ADP Engine
and operation details are provided. <password> is the WebLogic console password.
To learn how to specify the input details in a properties file, view the sample
properties file SAMPLE_engine.properties.
12.4.2 Deploying ADP Agents Manually Using deploy_adpagent.pl
You can deploy ADP Agents manually, using the deploy_adpagent.pl script. You can
run this script only in silent mode, that is, you must specify all the input details using
a properties file.
To deploy ADP Agents manually using deploy_adpagent.pl, follow these steps:
Installing ADP with Advanced Installation Options
12-3
After Installing Application Dependency and Performance
1.
Navigate to the following location on the OMS host:
$<MIDDLEWARE_HOME>/plugins/oracle.sysman.emas.oms.plugin_
12.1.0.8.0/archives/jvmd/deployment_Scripts/agent/adp/
2.
View the README.txt file, for information on using the deploy_adpagent.pl script.
3.
Specify all the inputs in a properties file, then use the following command:
perl deploy_adpagent.pl <properties_file_name>
If you do not pass the name of the properties file as a parameter while running
deploy_adpagent.pl, deploy_adpagent.pl looks for a properties file named
adpagent.properties in the same folder. To learn how to specify the input details
in a properties file, view the sample properties file SAMPLE_adpagent.properties.
12.5 After Installing Application Dependency and Performance
This section describes the tasks you can perform after installing ADP Engines and
ADP Agents. It consists of the following:
■
Verifying ADP Engine and ADP Agent Installation
■
Configuring Oracle SOA Suite for Secure Connectivity (After Installing ADP)
■
Configuring Oracle WebLogic Server or Oracle WebLogic Portal (WLP) for Secure
Connectivity (After Installing ADP)
■
Importing a Certificate into ADP Engine's Keystore
■
Configuring ADP Agent When WebLogic Is Installed As a Windows Service
12.5.1 Verifying ADP Engine and ADP Agent Installation
For information on verifying the ADP Engine and ADP Agent installations, refer
Oracle Enterprise Manager Basic Installation Guide.
12.5.2 Configuring Oracle SOA Suite for Secure Connectivity (After Installing ADP)
The Oracle SOA Suite may be configured to support RMIS (RMI over SSL)
connectivity. In this case, ADP can be configured to use this secure connection. To
configure ADP to do this, perform the following steps:
1.
In the Oracle SOA Suite install, look at ORACLE_
HOME/j2ee/<instance>/config/rmi.xml, locate the <ssl-config> element, and
identify the path in the keystore attribute.
2.
Copy the KeyStore file indicated to ADP Engine's config directory (for example,
em10/config)
3.
Import this KeyStore file following the instructions in Section 12.5.4.
12.5.3 Configuring Oracle WebLogic Server or Oracle WebLogic Portal (WLP) for
Secure Connectivity (After Installing ADP)
To configure Oracle WebLogic Server 10.0 to handle connectivity using t3s, the location
of the KeyStore files needs to be updated through the console. To do this, follow these
steps:
1.
Log in to the WebLogic Server Administration console and select the servers from
the Environment Servers list that you plan to manage with ADP.
12-4 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
After Installing Application Dependency and Performance
2.
Select a server from the server list.
3.
Select the Keystores tab, then click Load & Edit to update the KeyStore.
4.
Identify the KeyStore and TrustStore file paths from the following properties:
Identity
Custom Identity Keystore
Trust
Custom Trust Keystore: location of the trust file
5.
Repeat Steps 2 to 4 for additional server instances that you want to manage using
ADP.
6.
Copy the identified KeyStore and TrustStore files to the ADP Engine.
7.
Copy the BEA_HOME/license.bea to the ADP Engine's config directory (for
example, em11g/config).
8.
Import the KeyStore and TrustStore files following the instructions in
Section 12.5.4.
9.
Locate the following properties in the Acsera.properties file, and set them as
follows:
weblogic.security.TrustKeyStore=CustomTrust
weblogic.security.CustomTrustKeyStoreFileName=AcseraManagerTrust.jks
weblogic.security.CustomTrustKeyStorePassPhrase=acseramanager
12.5.4 Importing a Certificate into ADP Engine's Keystore
To import entries from a Keystore or TrustStore, perform the following steps, replacing
ServerStoreFile.jks with the KeyStore or TrustStore from your application server.
You will generally need to complete these steps twice, once for the KeyStore and once
for the TrustStore.
1.
List the key aliases in the KeyStore/TrustStore file from the server:
keytool -list -keystore ServerStoreFile.jks –storepass
DemoIdentityKeyStorePassPhrase
Output:
Keystore type: jks
Keystore provider: SUN
Your keystore contains 1 entry:
demoidentity, Wed Nov 19 13:34:56 PST 2008, keyEntry, Certificate fingerprint
(MD5): 36:06:C2:44:31:0A:28:FC:06:19:F7:AB:C0:7D:27:6A
2.
Export a key entry to an intermediate file:
keytool -export -alias demoidentity -keystore ServerStoreFile.jks -storepass
DemoIdentityKeyStorePassPhrase -file demo103
Output:
Certificate stored in file <demo103>
3.
Import the key into the ADP store file (either AcseraManagerKey.jks or
AcseraManagerTrust.jks in the ADP Engine's config directory)
Installing ADP with Advanced Installation Options
12-5
After Installing Application Dependency and Performance
keytool -import -alias demoidentity1 -keystore AcseraManagerKey.jks
-storepass acseramanager -file demo103
Output:
Owner: CN=b91, OU=FOR TESTING ONLY, O=MyOrganization, L=MyTown, ST=MyState,
C=US
Issuer: CN=CertGenCAB, OU=FOR TESTING ONLY, O=MyOrganization, L=MyTown,
ST=MyState, C=US
Serial number: 510fb3d4b2872e3a093d436fcbe9b24b
Valid from: Tue Nov 18 13:34:47 PST 2008 until: Sun Nov 19 13:34:47 PST 2023
Certificate fingerprints:
MD5: 36:06:C2:44:31:0A:28:FC:06:19:F7:AB:C0:7D:27:6A
SHA1: BB:85:6D:4C:0B:4A:92:63:CA:5E:E9:A8:54:42:80:2D:0D:BE:7C:91
Trust this certificate? [no]: yes
Certificate was added to keystore
4.
Verify that the key was imported successfully:
keytool -list -keystore AcseraManagerKey.jks -storepass acseramanager
Output:
Keystore type: jks
Keystore provider: SUN
Your keystore contains 3 entries:
demoidentity1, Wed Apr 01 13:03:21 PST 2009, trustedCertEntry,Certificate
fingerprint (MD5): 36:06:C2:44:31:0A:28:FC:06:19:F7:AB:C0:7D:27:6A
demoidentity, Fri Mar 13 15:15:06 PST 2009, trustedCertEntry,Certificate
fingerprint (MD5): 0B:11:02:B5:44:0D:2A:CC:7F:C5:30:5C:1A:C9:A1:6C
mykey, Thu May 19 16:57:36 PDT 2005, keyEntry,Certificate fingerprint (MD5):
5D:B0:EC:28:14:33:26:1F:44:F5:BE:DD:A8:50:15:9D
5.
Repeat Steps 2 to 4 for each key entry listed in Step 1.
6.
Locate the following properties in the Acsera.properties file, and set them as
follows:
weblogic.security.TrustKeyStore=CustomTrust
weblogic.security.CustomTrustKeyStoreFileName=AcseraManagerTrust.jks
weblogic.security.CustomTrustKeyStorePassPhrase=acseramanager
At present, with ADP running with a bundled Sun HotSpot JDK, it is not possible for
ADP to configure with PKCS12 type key/trust stores for secure connections. IBM JDK
has built-in enhancements that allow it to work with PKCS12 key/trust stores, such as
WebSphere 6.1's default key.p12 and trust.p12 stores. Also, there is a WebSphere 6.1
automatic function that is enabled with the property
com.ibm.ssl.enableSignerExchangePrompt=true that allows a client connecting to a
secure WebSphere port that allows automatic download of server's signer certificate
and update of client's truststore. However, this automatic function is only available
when ADP is running with an IBM JDK, which is not the case at present. This is the
reason why we need to follow the above procedure to connect with a secured
WebSphere 6.1.
12-6 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
After Installing Application Dependency and Performance
12.5.5 Configuring ADP Agent When WebLogic Is Installed As a Windows Service
When the monitored WebLogic Server is installed as a Windows service, the automatic
startup changes to deploy ADP Agent need to be manually applied to the registry
entries that control the WebLogic startup.
The parameters that need to be changed are in the Windows registry key:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\Current
ControlSet\Services\$ServiceName\Parameters
Users should then consult the file on the ADP Engine:
deploy/agent/bea9/bin/agentoptions.bat (for WebLogic 9.x and higher)
Inspect this file and resolve the net results of its execution as parameters in the registry.
Installing ADP with Advanced Installation Options
12-7
After Installing Application Dependency and Performance
12-8 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
13
Installing JVMD with Advanced Install Options
13
This chapter describes how you can install JVM Diagnostics (JVMD) manually in the
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control environment.
In particular, this chapter covers the following:
■
Overview of JVMD Architecture
■
Before you Begin Installing JVMD
■
Prerequisites for Installing JVMD
■
Installing JVMD Using Advanced Installation Options
■
After Installing JVMD
13.1 Overview of JVMD Architecture
JVM Diagnostics is integrated with Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control. It
primarily enables administrators to diagnose performance problems in Java
applications in the production environment. By eliminating the need to reproduce
problems, it reduces the time required to resolve these problems, thus improving
application availability and performance. Using JVMD, administrators can identify the
root cause of performance problems in the production environment, without having to
reproduce them in the test or development environment.
The following diagram shows the JVMD Architecture:
Installing JVMD with Advanced Install Options
13-1
Overview of JVMD Architecture
Figure 13–1 JVMD Architecture
JVMD Engine is the core analytical engine of the JVMD monitoring system. JVMD
Engine collects runtime data from JVMD Agents on request from the OMS, and stores
the data in the repository. Multiple JVMD Engines can be configured.
JVMD Agents are the data collectors of the target JVM. JVMD Agents are deployed to
managed application servers to collect JVM monitoring data related to JVM threads,
stacks, heap and CPU usage, and so on, in real-time, while introducing minimal
overhead.
The JVMD Engine runs as an Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB) technology on a WebLogic
Server. The JVMD Agent is deployed on the targeted JVM (the one running a
production WebLogic Server). It collects real-time data and transmits it to the JVM
Diagnostics Engine. This data is stored in the Management Repository, and the
collected information is displayed on the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control console
for monitoring purposes. The communication between JVMD Engine and JVMD
Agent can be secure (SSL), or non-secure.
13-2 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Installing JVMD Using Advanced Installation Options
13.2 Before you Begin Installing JVMD
Before installing JVMD Engine or JVMD Agent, review the points outlined in Oracle
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.
13.3 Prerequisites for Installing JVMD
Before installing JVMD Engine or JVMD Agent, ensure that you meet the prerequisites
described in Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.
13.4 Installing JVMD Using Advanced Installation Options
This section describes how to deploy JVMD Engines and JVMD Agents manually. It
consists of the following:
■
Deploying JVMD Engine Manually Using ApmEngineSetup.pl
■
Deploying JVMD Agents
13.4.1 Deploying JVMD Engine Manually Using ApmEngineSetup.pl
You can deploy JVMD Engine manually, using the ApmEngineSetup.pl script. You can
run this script in the following ways:
■
■
In interactive mode, where you are prompted for input details in an interactive
manner
In silent mode, where you specify all the input details using a properties file
Important: You can use the ApmEngineSetup.pl script to deploy
JVMD Engine only on a host that is running the OMS, and not on a
remote host.
To deploy JVMD Engine manually using the ApmEngineSetup.pl script, follow these
steps:
1.
Navigate to the following location on the OMS host:
$<MIDDLEWARE_HOME>/plugins/oracle.sysman.emas.oms.plugin_
12.1.0.8.0/archives/jvmd/deployment_Scripts/engine/
2.
View the README.txt file, for information on using the ApmEngineSetup.pl script.
3.
Run the ApmEngineSetup.pl script.
If you want to run the ApmEngineSetup.pl script in interactive mode, such that
you are prompted for the input details, use the following command:
perl ApmEngineSetup.pl
Ensure that you specify the operation as deploy, and the Engine Type as JVMD.
If you want to run the ApmEngineSetup.pl script in silent mode, specify all the
input details in a properties file, then use the following command:
perl ApmEngineSetup.pl -silent -file <properties_file_name> -password
<password>
<properties_file_name> is the name of the properties file where the JVMD
Engine and operation details are provided. <password> is the WebLogic console
password.
Installing JVMD with Advanced Install Options
13-3
Installing JVMD Using Advanced Installation Options
To learn how to specify the input details in a properties file, view the sample
properties file SAMPLE_engine.properties.
13.4.2 Deploying JVMD Agents
This section describes how to deploy JVMD Agents manually. It consists of the
following:
■
Deploying JVMD Agents Manually by Downloading and Deploying
javadiagnosticagent.ear or jamagent.war
■
Deploying JVMD Agents Manually Using deploy_jvmdagent.pl
■
Deploying JVMD Agents for High Availability
■
Deploying JVMD Database Agent
■
Ensuring Secure Communication by Connecting JVMD Agent to the JVMD Engine
Secure Port
13.4.2.1 Deploying JVMD Agents Manually by Downloading and Deploying
javadiagnosticagent.ear or jamagent.war
To deploy JVMD Agents manually, follow these steps:
1.
Download javadiagnosticagent.ear or jamagent.war.
Oracle recommends that you use javadiagnosticagent.ear to
deploy a JVMD Agent on Oracle WebLogic Server. To deploy a JVMD
Agent on an application server other than Oracle WebLogic Server,
use jamagent.war.
Note:
Downloading javadiagnosticagent.ear or jamagent.war Using Cloud Control
To download javadiagnosticagent.ear or jamagent.war using Cloud Control,
follow these steps:
1.
In Cloud Control, from the Setup menu, select Middleware Management,
then select Application Performance Management.
2.
On the Application Performance Management page, select JVM Diagnostics
Engine.
3.
Click Configure. The JVM Diagnostics Setup page appears.
4.
On the JVM Diagnostics Setup page, click JVMs and Pools, then click
Download. The Download JVM Diagnostics Component dialog box appears.
13-4 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Installing JVMD Using Advanced Installation Options
5.
From the JVMD Component menu, to download javadiagnosticagent.ear,
select JVMD Agent with MDA (Weblogic only), then click OK. To download
jamagent.war, from the JVMD Component menu, select JVMD Agent, then
click OK. The JVM Diagnostics Agent web.xml parameters dialog box appears.
6.
From the Available Engines menu, select an option from the list, then click
Download:
Select the HTTP URL if you want the JVMD Agent to connect to the JVMD
Engine using a non-secure connection.
Select the HTTPS URL if you want the JVMD Agent to connect to the JVMD
Engine using a secure connection.
Select Custom if you want the JVMD Agent to connect to a JVMD Engine
through a load balancer. Specify the host name and the port that the JVMD
Agent must connect to.
For example:
HTTP: http://slc01.us.example.com:3800
HTTPS: https://slc01.us.example.com:3801 (secure communication)
7.
Click Download to download javadiagnosticagent.ear or jamagent.war.
Downloading jamagent.war Using javadiagnosticagent.ear
To download jamagent.war using javadiagnosticagent.ear, follow these steps:
1.
Download the javadiagnosticagent.ear file to the following location:
<middleware_home>/oms/jvmd
The javadiagnosticagent.ear file can be downloaded from the following
location:
<MIDDLEWARE_HOME>/plugins/oracle.sysman.emas.oms.plugin_
12.1.0.8.0/archives/jvmd/javadiagnosticagent.ear
Installing JVMD with Advanced Install Options
13-5
Installing JVMD Using Advanced Installation Options
2.
Run the following command to extract javadiagnosticagent.ear:
jar -xvf javadiagnosticagent.ear
The extracted javadiagnosticagent.ear file contains jamagent.war.
3.
Run the following command to extract jamagent.war:
jar -xvf jamagent.war
4.
Navigate to WEB-INF/web.xml.
5.
Edit the web.xml file to update the values of the jamconshost and jamconsport
parameters, where jamconshost is the IP of the host on which JVMD Engine is
deployed, and jamconsport is the port of the same host.
To enable secure communication for the selected JVMD
Engine, make the following change to the web.xml file:
Note:
jamsecureCommunication = 1
For example:
<init-param>
<param-name>jamconshost</param-name>
<param-value>slc01axn</param-value>
<description>Jam console host - demolnx.auptyma.com</description>
</init-param>
<init-param>
<param-name>jamconsport</param-name>
<param-value>3800</param-value>
<description>Jam console port</description>
</init-param>
Once JVMD Engine is deployed, the IP and the port appear on
the JVMD Deployment page as: <Machine Name:Port Number>
Note:
6.
Run the following command to reassemble the jamagent.war file:
jar -cMvf jamagent.war META-INF WEB-INF jamagent oracle
The updated jamagent.war file is now ready for deployment.
If you encounter any errors during the deployment, see Section J.2.
2.
Deploy JVMD Agent manually.
Deploying JVMD Agent on WebLogic Server
To deploy JVMD Agent on a WebLogic Managed Server manually, follow these
steps:
1.
Make a copy of the deployment profile sample_jvmdagent_
deploy.properties available in the jvmd.zip file. Update the location of the
javadiagnosticagent.ear file, the name of the WebLogic domain, and the
server information. Save the profile as jvmdagent_deploy.properties.
For more information about the parameters, view the README.txt file present
in the customprov folder of the jvmd.zip file.
13-6 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Installing JVMD Using Advanced Installation Options
2.
Run the following perl script available in the customprov folder of the
jvmd.zip file to deploy JVMD Agent on all the specified servers.
perl deploy_jvmdagent.pl
Ensure that the deployment profile jvmdagent_
deploy.properties and the perl scripts are available in the same
folder.
Note:
Deploying JVMD Agent on GlassFish
To deploy JVMD Agent on a GlassFish server manually, follow these steps:
1.
Log in to the Glassfish Administration console.
2.
In the Common Tasks section, click Applications.
3.
In the Deployed Applications section, click Deploy.
4.
For Location, select Packaged File to Be Uploaded to the Server, then specify
the location on your local host where jamagent.war is present.
5.
For Selected Targets, add the server on which you want to deploy
jamagent.war.
6.
Click OK.
Deploying JVMD Agent on JBoss
To deploy JVMD Agent on JBoss manually, follow these steps:
1.
Log in to the JBoss Administration console.
2.
Under Applications, click Web Application (WAR)s.
3.
Click Add a new resource.
4.
Enter the absolute path to jamagent.war present on your local host.
5.
For both Deploy Exploded and Deploy Farmed, select No.
6.
Click Continue.
To deploy JVMD Agent on JBoss manually, you can also do the following:
1.
Transfer jamagent.war to the following location:
<JBOSS_HOME>/server/all/deploy
2.
Restart the application server.
Deploying JVMD Agent on Tomcat
To deploy JVMD Agent on Tomcat manually, follow these steps:
1.
Transfer jamagent.war to the following location:
$CATALINA_BASE/webapps
2.
Restart the application server.
Installing JVMD with Advanced Install Options
13-7
Installing JVMD Using Advanced Installation Options
For the latest versions of Tomcat, if the autoDeploy flag is set to true in
$CATALINA_BASE/conf/server.xml, you do not need to restart the application
server. Tomcat will pick up jamagent.war at runtime.
Deploying JVMD Agent on Websphere
To deploy JVMD Agent on Websphere manually, follow these steps:
1.
Log in to the Websphere Administration console.
2.
Expand Applications, then click New Application.
3.
Click New Enterprise Application.
4.
For Path to the new application, select Local file system, then specify the
location on your local host where jamagent.war is present.
5.
Provide the context root for jamagent.war.
6.
Save the configuration.
7.
Start the application.
Deploying JVMD Agent on OC4J
To deploy JVMD Agent on OC4J manually, follow these steps:
1.
Log in to the OC4J Administration console.
2.
Click Applications.
3.
Click Deploy.
4.
Select Archive is present on local host. For Archive Location, specify the
location on your local host where jamagent.war is present. Click Next.
5.
For Application Name, enter jamagent. For Context Root, enter /jamagent.
6.
Click Deploy.
Deploying JVMD Agent on a Standalone JVM
A JVMD Agent can be deployed on a standalone JVM such that the inputs are read
from web.xml, or such that you specify the inputs on the command line.
To deploy a JVMD Agent on a standalone JVM such that all the inputs are read
from web.xml, run the following command from the command line:
java -cp <absolute_path_to_jamagent.war> jamagent.jamrun <java_class_
with_a_main_method>
To deploy a JVMD Agent on a standalone JVM by specifying all the inputs on the
command line, run the following command from the command line:
java -cp <absolute_path_to_jamagent.war> jamagent.jamrun <java_class_
with_a_main_method> jamconshost=<jvmd_engine_host> jamconsport=<jvmd_
engine_listen_port> jamjvmid=<unique_jvmd_identifier>
jamtimeout=<timeout_period_in_seconds> jamloglevel=<jvmd_agent_log_
level>
13-8 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Installing JVMD Using Advanced Installation Options
When jamagent.war is run using an IBM Java Development
Kit (JDK), you may see the following warning in the logs:
Note:
******can_tag_objects capability is not set.Copy library
libjamcapability to another directory and restart Java with
argument "-agentpath:<absolute_path_to_libjamcapability.so>" ******
To troubleshoot this warning, include the libjamcapability.so
library and restart the IBM JVM:
/scratch/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer/java/bin/java
-agentpath:/scratch/libjamcapability.so -cp
/scratch/jamagent.war jamagent.jamrun MyFirstProgram
13.4.2.2 Deploying JVMD Agents Manually Using deploy_jvmdagent.pl
You can deploy JVMD Agents manually, using the deploy_jvmdagent.pl script. You
can run this script only in silent mode, that is, you must specify all the input details
using a properties file.
To deploy JVMD Agents manually using deploy_jvmdagent.pl, follow these steps:
1.
Ensure that the latest version of javadiagnosticagent.ear or jamagent.war has
been downloaded.
For information on how to download javadiagnosticagent.ear or
jamagent.war, see Step 1 in Section 13.4.2.1.
2.
Navigate to the following location on the OMS host:
$<MIDDLEWARE_HOME>/plugins/oracle.sysman.emas.oms.plugin_
12.1.0.8.0/archives/jvmd/deployment_Scripts/agent/jvmd/
3.
View the README.txt file for information on how to use the deploy_jvmdagent.pl
script.
4.
Specify all the inputs in a properties file, then use the following command:
perl deploy_jvmdagent.pl [-appserver <server_type>] [-file <name_of_
properties_file>]
For example, perl deploy_jvmdagent.pl -appserver WLS -file wls_
deploy.properties.
Deploying JVMD Agents using deploy_jvmdagent.pl is supported only on
WebLogic Server and GlassFish, and not on other application servers. The
-appserver parameter specifies the application server on which you want to
deploy a JVMD Agent. If you are deploying a JVMD Agent on a WebLogic
Managed Server, specify WLS for -appserver. If you are deploying a JVMD Agent
on a GlassFish server, specify GF for -appserver. If you do not specify the
-appserver parameter, it is assigned the value WLS by default.
The -file parameter specifies the name of the properties file containing the
deployment inputs. If you do not specify this parameter, and have specified WLS
for -appserver, deploy_jvmdagent.pl searches for a properties file named
weblogic_deploy.properties in the folder containing the script. If you do not
specify the -file parameter, and have specified GF for -appserver, deploy_
jvmdagent.pl looks for a properties file named glassfish_deploy.properties in
the folder containing the script. To learn how to specify the input details in a
properties file, view the sample properties files sample_weblogic_
deploy.properties or sample_glassfish_deploy.properties.
Installing JVMD with Advanced Install Options
13-9
Installing JVMD Using Advanced Installation Options
13.4.2.3 Deploying JVMD Agents for High Availability
If you have multiple JVMD Engines deployed in your setup, and have configured a
load balancer for them, you can deploy JVMD Agents such that they connect to the
load balancer, and not to any of the individual JVMD Engines. This increases the
availability of the JVMD Agents, and creates a failover mechanism, that is, even if a
particular JVMD Engine goes down, the JVMD Agents remain active.
You can deploy JVMD Agents for high availability using the Application Performance
Management page, or manually.
Deploying JVMD Agents for High Availability Using the Application Performance
Management Page
To deploy JVMD Agents for high availability using the Application Performance
Management page, follow these steps:
1.
Follow the steps mentioned in Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic
Installation Guide to deploy a JVMD Agent.
2.
On the JVMD Agents Configurations page, for Available JVMD Engines, select
Other. Provide the load balancer host name and port.
Click Next.
3.
On the Review page, review all the information, then click Deploy.
Note: By default, the JVMD Agent connects to the load balancer
using HTTP. If you want the JVMD Agent to connect to the load
balancer using HTTPS, you must deploy the JVMD Agent manually,
as described in Step 2 of Section 13.4.2.1.
Deploying JVMD Agents for High Availability Manually
To deploy JVMD Agents for high availability manually, follow these steps:
1.
Follow the steps mentioned in Step 1 of Section 13.4.2.1 to download
javadiagnosticagent.ear or jamagent.war.
2.
When the JVM Diagnostics Agent web.xml parameters dialog box is displayed,
from the Available Engines menu, select Custom. Provide the load balancer host
name and port.
Click Download.
3.
Deploy the JVMD Agent as mentioned in Step 2 of Section 13.4.2.1.
Note: By default, the JVMD Agent connects to the load balancer
using HTTP. If you want the JVMD Agent to connect to the load
balancer using HTTPS, you must use a certificate, as described in
Section 13.4.2.5. Ensure that the common name of the certificate you
use matches the host name of the load balancer.
13.4.2.4 Deploying JVMD Database Agent
To deploy JVMD Database Agent, download JVMD Agent from Cloud Control, as it
can serve as a JVMD Database Agent too. If JVMD Agent is downloaded and deployed
on the same host as Oracle Database, then you do not require a separate JVMD
Database Agent. JVMD Agent itself orchestrates between the database and JVMD
13-10 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Installing JVMD Using Advanced Installation Options
Engine. However, if JVMD Agent and the database are on separate hosts, then you
need a JVMD Database Agent to collect the database specific information, and
transmit the collected data to JVMD Engine.
JVMD Database Agents are supported on the platforms on
which JVMD Agents are supported, except for Microsoft Windows.
JVMD Database Agent needs Java 1.4.X or higher to run.
Note:
To download and deploy JVMD Database Agent, do the following:
1.
Follow the steps listed in Step 1 of Section 13.4.2.1 to download the jamagent.war
file using Cloud Control.
2.
To start the JVMD Database Agent, run the following command:
$JAVA_HOME/bin/java -Xms126M -Xmx512M -cp ./jamagent.war jamagent.Dbagent
jamconshost=<Host on which engine is running> jamconsport=<Port of the server
on which JVMD Engine is installed>
For Example: /usr/local/packages/jdk14/bin/java -Xms126M -Xmx512M -cp
./jamagent.war jamagent.Dbagent jamconshost=adc2190661.us.example.com
jamconsport=3900
If you encounter the error message TIMEOUT from console
JAM Agent: Error receiving data from console, then restart the
JVMD Database Agent with the option jamconsretr = 5.
Note:
13.4.2.5 Ensuring Secure Communication by Connecting JVMD Agent to the JVMD
Engine Secure Port
To ensure secure communication with the JVMD Engine, the JVMD Agent must have
access to a KeyStore in which the certificate of the Managed Server (on which the
JVMD Engine is deployed) is added. The KeyStore of the Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control domain (that is, the EMGC domain in which the JVMD Engine Managed
Server is created) can be used for the same.
If the JVMD Engine and the JVMD Agent are running on the same host, the JVMD
Agent will have access to the EMGC domain and the default KeyStore. In this case,
follow these steps to ensure secure communication:
1.
Locate the KeyStore. It is usually available in the following location:
<WEBLOGIC_HOME>/server/lib/DemoTrust.jks
WEBLOGIC_HOME refers to the installation directory of the WebLogic Server software.
2.
Log in to the WebLogic Server Administration Console.
3.
From the Environment menu, select Servers.
4.
Select the Managed Server on which the JVMD Agent is deployed, then select the
Server Start tab.
5.
For Arguments, specify the following arguments:
-Djavax.net.debug=ssl -Djavax.net.ssl.trustStore=<location_of_
DemoTrust.jks> -Djavax.net.ssl.trustStorePassword=<DemoTrust.jks_
KeyStore_password>
Installing JVMD with Advanced Install Options
13-11
Installing JVMD Using Advanced Installation Options
The default password for the DemoTrust.jks KeyStore is
DemoTrustKeyStorePassPhrase.
Note:
6.
Restart the Managed Server.
If the JVMD Engine and the JVMD Agent are running on different hosts, which is the
case in most environments, you must download the SSL certificate from the JVMD
Engine Managed Server, then add the certificate to a new or an existing KeyStore on
the target Managed Server where the JVMD Agent is deployed. This enables the JVMD
Agent to access the certificate and communicate with the JVMD Engine secure port. To
do this, follow these steps:
1.
Follow these steps to download the JVMD Engine Managed Server certificate:
1.
Access the following URL using a browser:
https://<jamconshost>:<jamconsport(secure)>
2.
2.
From the Tools menu, select Options.
3.
Select the Advanced tab, then select the Encryption tab.
4.
Click View Certificates.
5.
Select the Servers tab, search for the <jamconshost>:<jamconsport(secure)>
certificate, then select it. Click Export.
6.
Save the certificate as JVMDCert.crt.
Add the certificate to an existing KeyStore (for example, DemoTrust.jks), or
create a new KeyStore (for example, keystore.jks) and then add the certificate to
it. To do this, run the following command:
keytool -import -trustcacerts -alias root -file JVMDCert.crt -keystore
<name_of_existing_or_new_KeyStore>
If you specify an existing KeyStore name for the -keystore parameter, you are
prompted for the KeyStore password. If you specify a new KeyStore name for the
-keystore parameter, a new KeyStore is created with the default password
changeit.
3.
Log in to the WebLogic Server Administration Console.
4.
From the Environment menu, select Servers.
5.
Select the Managed Server on which the JVMD Agent is deployed, then select the
Server Start tab.
6.
For Arguments, specify the following arguments:
-Djavax.net.debug=ssl -Djavax.net.ssl.trustStore=<location_of_KeyStore>
-Djavax.net.ssl.trustStorePassword=<KeyStore_password>
The default password for the DemoTrust.jks KeyStore is
DemoTrustKeyStorePassPhrase.
Note:
7.
Restart the Managed Server.
13-12 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
After Installing JVMD
When a WebLogic Managed Server running on a Sun or
JRockit Java Virtual Machine (JVM) attempts to connect to an external
resource using HTTPS, you may encounter the following exception:
Note:
java.lang.ClassCastException:
weblogic.net.http.SOAPHttpsURLConnection
This exception occurs because a HTTP API attempts to use an
underlying WebLogic implementation, instead of using the Sun
implementation. To avoid this exception, using the runtime argument,
set the following flag:
-DUseSunHttpHandler=true
13.5 After Installing JVMD
After installing JVMD Engine or JVMD Agent, follow the steps outlined in Oracle
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.
Installing JVMD with Advanced Install Options
13-13
After Installing JVMD
13-14 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
14
Configuring BI Publisher with Enterprise
Manager
14
Oracle Business Intelligence (BI) Publisher is Oracle’s primary reporting tool for
authoring, managing, and delivering all your highly formatted documents. BI
Publisher ships standard with Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c.
This chapter covers the following topics:
■
Overview
■
BI Publisher Configuration and Integration with Enterprise Manager 12c
■
■
Configure BI Publisher that gets Deployed with Enterprise Manager Release 4
(12.1.0.4) or Release 5 (12.1.0.5)
Upgrade Configuration of BI Publisher from an Old BI Publisher Home to a New
BI Publisher under the 12.1.0.4/12.1.0.5 Middleware Home
■
Verifying Integration of BI Publisher with Enterprise Manager
■
Allowing Access to BI Publisher for Enterprise Manager Administrators
■
Limiting access to BI Publisher features
■
Allowing Access to BI Publisher for Enterprise Manager Administrators in an
Underlying LDAP Authentication Security Environment
■
Securing BI Publisher with a Secure Socket Layer (SSL) Certificate
■
BI Publisher Administration
■
Post-Configuration Steps to take after Configuring BI Publisher
■
EMBIP* Roles: Granting Access to Folders and Catalog Objects
■
Access to Enterprise Manager Repository
■
Troubleshooting
■
Managing Enterprise Manager - BI Publisher Connection Credentials
■
Managing the BI Publisher Server
■
Using BI Publisher
■
Paths to access BI Publisher
■
De-installing BI Publisher that was Not Installed Along with Enterprise Manager
12.1.0.5
Configuring BI Publisher with Enterprise Manager 14-1
Overview
14.1 Overview
For Enterprise Manager 12c Release 4 (12.1.0.4) or greater, BI Publisher binaries are
installed by default, alongside Enterprise Manager. Configuration of BI Publisher is
accomplished using the configureBIP script. The configureBIP script performs the
following operations:
■
■
Installs the BI Publisher schema into the Enterprise Manager repository database
Integrates BI Publisher into the same WebLogic server domain as Enterprise
Manager.
It is not necessary to perform a software-only install of BI
Enterprise Edition (BIEE). Do not install any version of BIEE into the
Middleware Home that contains Enterprise Manager.
Note:
This process will configure the primary BI Publisher server named "BIP." The primary
BI Publisher server is always named BIP.
■
■
■
■
■
■
Highly formatted, professional quality, reports, with pagination and
headers/footers.
PDF, Excel, PowerPoint, Word, and HTML report formats.
Develop your own custom reports against the Enterprise Manager repository
(read-only repository access).
Integration with Enterprise Manager Security.
Grant varying levels of BI Publisher functionality to different Enterprise Manager
administrators.
Use BI Publisher's scheduling capabilities and delivery mechanisms such as e-mail
and FTP.
The Information Publisher (IP) reporting framework, though
still supported in Enterprise Manager 12c Cloud Control, was
deprecated as of Enterprise Manager 12c Release 1 (12.1.0.1). No
further report development will occur using the IP framework.
Note:
14.1.1 Limitations
The following limitations apply to the use of reports and data sources.
■
■
Out-of-box reports cannot be edited.
If Out-of-box reports are copied, there is no guarantee that the copies will work
with future product releases.
14.2 BI Publisher Configuration and Integration with Enterprise Manager
12c
The following procedures assume that you are familiar with both BI Publisher and
Enterprise Manager. Refer to the Oracle Enterprise Manager Basic Installation Guide and
the Oracle Enterprise Manager Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide for detailed
information about Enterprise Manager.
14-2 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
BI Publisher Configuration and Integration with Enterprise Manager 12c
For More Information: For information on developing BI Publisher
reports, see the Oracle® Fusion Middleware Report Designer's Guide
for Oracle Business Intelligence Publisher.
14.2.1 Installing Enterprise Manager and Required Infrastructure
In order to support the required resources for BI Publisher, the first OMS system
(where BI Publisher is initially installed and eventually configured) needs the
following additional system requirements above and beyond what is already required
by Enterprise Manager:
■
■
+1.5 GB of RAM minimum. 4 - 5 GB of RAM is recommended for best
performance.
For Enterprise Manager 12c Release 4 (12.1.0.4) or greater, there are no longer any
specific disk space requirements, as the BI Publisher footprint has been
dramatically reduced.
For additional resource requirements, see the following support note:
How to Determine the Number of Servers Needed to Run BI Publisher Enterprise in a
Production 10g or 11g Environment? (Doc ID 948841.1)
14.2.1.1 Integrating BI Publisher with Enterprise Manager using the configureBIP
Script
Integrating BI Publisher with Enterprise Manager requires changing the domain
configuration. However, you must first back up Enterprise Manager using standard
procedures covered in Enterprise Manager High Availability documentation using the
command:
emctl exportconfig oms [-sysman_pwd <sysman password>]
[-dir <backup dir>]
Specify directory to store backup file
[-oms_only]
Specify OMS-only backup on Admin Server host
[-keep_host]
Specify to backup hostname if no slb defined
(Use this option only if recovery will be done
on machine that responds to this hostname)
IMPORTANT: The configureBIP script must be run as the same
operating system user who owns the Oracle Middleware Home.
DO NOT run configureBIP as the Unix Super User (root).
There are two scenarios in which you would run configureBIP:
■
Scenario 1: Fresh Configuration of BI Publisher in Enterprise Manager Release 4
(12.1.0.4) or Release 5 (12.1.0.5).
The fresh configuration case is used when either of these conditions are met:
–
You are installing Enterprise Manager 12c for the first time. A previous version
of Enterprise Manager 12c was not installed previously
–
You are upgrading to Enterprise Manager 12c Release 4 (12.1.0.4) or Release 5
(12.1.0.5) from a previous version of Enterprise Manager 12c and you had not
previously installed and integrated the appropriate version of BI Publisher
with that prior version of Enterprise Manager 12c.
Configuring BI Publisher with Enterprise Manager 14-3
Configure BI Publisher that gets Deployed with Enterprise Manager Release 4 (12.1.0.4) or Release 5 (12.1.0.5)
■
Scenario 2: Upgrade configuration of BI Publisher in Enterprise Manager 12c
Release 4 (12.1.0.4) or Release 5 (12.1.0.5) from a previous installation of Enterprise
Manager 12c to Enterprise Manager Release 4 (12.1.0.4) or Release 5 (12.1.0.5).
Use the configureBIP script in upgrade configuration mode if both of the following
conditions are true:
–
You have already upgraded a previous release of Enterprise Manager 12c
Release 2 (12.1.0.2) or Enterprise Manager 12c Release 3 (12.1.0.3) to
Enterprise Manager 12c Release 4 (12.1.0.4) or Release 5 (12.1.0.5).
–
The previous installation of Enterprise Manager 12c had been integrated with
the appropriate version of BI Publisher.
The configureBIP script requires the following credentials in order to operate:
■
An Oracle account with SYSDBA privilege; normally the SYS account.
■
The database password for this account.
■
The WebLogic Admin Server password.
IMPORTANT: Make sure to run the configureBIP from the new
Enterprise Manager Release 12.1.0.4 or 12.1.0.5 installation.
Make sure to gather the above credentials before proceeding.
Both the normal mode and upgrade mode of configureBIP are discussed in detail in the
following two sections. Be sure to operate the configureBIP script in the appropriate
mode for your installation scenario.
14.3 Configure BI Publisher that gets Deployed with Enterprise Manager
Release 4 (12.1.0.4) or Release 5 (12.1.0.5)
The following steps are performed for a fresh configuration of BI Publisher in
Enterprise Manager Release 4/5. The script performs three major operations:
■
■
■
Step 1 - Command invocation and credential gathering.
Step 2 - The creation of the BI Publisher database schema, which is named
SYSMAN_BIPLATFORM. This is accomplished using the Oracle Repository
Creation Utility (RCU).
Step 3 - The WebLogic domain that contains Enterprise Manager is extend to
include BI Publisher, and BI Publisher is configured.
Step 1: Command Invocation and Credential Gathering
From the OMS instance's ORACLE_HOME/oms/bin directory (of the current
Enterprise Manager 12c Release 4 (12.1.0.4) or Release 5 (12.1.0.5) installation),
execute the configureBIP script from the command line. For example:
1.
cd /oracle/middleware/oms/bin
configureBIP
2.
The script prompts for the necessary credentials.
3.
The script executes the Repository Creation Utility (RCU), since this is normal
mode, to create the BI Publisher database schema.
14-4 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Configure BI Publisher that gets Deployed with Enterprise Manager Release 4 (12.1.0.4) or Release 5 (12.1.0.5)
4.
The script prompts for two inputs for the port(s) to use for the BI Publisher
Managed Server: One port for non-SSL and one port for SSL. For Enterprise
Manager 12c Release 4 (12.1.0.4) or Release 5 (12.1.0.5), it is required that both of
these port values be provided.
5.
The script then performs the extend-domain operations.
6.
Enterprise Manager, including BI Publisher, will be set to the same "Lock" mode as
it was prior to running configureBIP. This is done via the command "emctl secure
{lock | unlock}.
7.
Enterprise Manager is stopped and then started
8.
The Enterprise Manager-supplied BI Publisher Reports are deployed to the newly
installed BI Publisher Web application.
9.
The Enterprise Manager WebLogic domain target is refreshed to include the newly
added BI Publisher targets.
10. A backup of Enterprise Manager is performed using emctl exportconfig oms.
This backup is stored in the instance home directory, under the em/sysman/backup
sub-directory. The backup created during the configureBIP script will be the newest
file in this directory, after configureBIP is run.
Step 2: Run the Repository Configuration Utility (RCU)
Since you are installing BI Publisher for the first time, the schema will be created using
the RCU utility. You should see the something like the following output:
Creating SYSMAN_BIPPLATFORM Schema in EM Repository Database
Configuring BI Publisher in Oracle Home located in /oracle/middleware/Oracle_BI1
...
Processing command line ....
Repository Creation Utility - Checking Prerequisites
Checking Global Prerequisites
Repository Creation Utility - Checking Prerequisites
Checking Component Prerequisites
Repository Creation Utility - Creating Tablespaces
Validating and Creating Tablespaces
Repository Creation Utility - Create
Repository Create in progress.
Percent Complete: 0
Percent Complete: 10
Percent Complete: 30
Percent Complete: 50
Percent Complete: 50
Percent Complete: 100
Repository Creation Utility: Create - Completion Summary
Database details:
Connect Descriptor
: (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS_
LIST=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=em.example.com)(PORT=15044)))(CONNECT_
DATA=(SID=emsid)))
Connected As
: sys
Prefix for (prefixable) Schema Owners : SYSMAN
RCU Logfile
:
/oracle/middleware/oms/cfgtoollogs/bip/emBIPLATFORM.log
Component schemas created:
Component
Status Logfile
Business Intelligence Platform
Success
/oracle/middleware/oms/cfgtoollogs/bip/biplatform.log
Configuring BI Publisher with Enterprise Manager 14-5
Upgrade Configuration of BI Publisher from an Old BI Publisher Home to a New BI Publisher under the 12.1.0.4/12.1.0.5 Middle-
Repository Creation Utility - Create : Operation Completed
Successfully created SYSMAN_BIPLATFORM schema...
Step 3: WebLogic Domain Configuration
Successful execution of this step displays screen output similar to the following:
Configuring BI Publisher in Oracle Home located in /oracle/work/middleware/Oracle_
BI1 ...
Extending domain with BI Publisher. This operations can take some time. Do not
interrupt this command while it is running...
Locking Enterprise Manager ...
OMS Console is locked. Access the console over HTTPS ports.
Restart OMS.
Restarting Enterprise Manager ...
Stopping Enterprise Manager, this can take some time ...
Starting Enterprise Manager. This operation can take some time. Do not interrupt
this command while it is running.
OMS Started Successfully
BI Publisher server named :BIP: running at https://em.example.com:9702/xmlpserver.
Registering BI Publisher with Enterprise Manager and deploying reports...
Performing automatic backup of Enterprise Manager.
Successfully backed up Enterprise Manager.
Successfully setup BI Publisher with Enterprise Manager
14.4 Upgrade Configuration of BI Publisher from an Old BI Publisher
Home to a New BI Publisher under the 12.1.0.4/12.1.0.5 Middleware Home
If you are upgrading from Enterprise Manager 12.1.0.4, and
multiple BI Publisher Servers were configured, this upgrade process
only configures and upgrades the primary BI Publisher server. After
the primary BI Publisher is configured, It is necessary to re-configure
the additional BI Publisher Servers, on OMS2, OMS3, etc. Follow the
instructions in Chapter 20, "Running Multiple BI Publisher Servers."
Please note that the existing shared storage, from the prior release of
Enterprise Manager, will continue to be used. Therefore, insure that
this shared storage is mounted and available on all of the Enterprise
Manager systems that host a OMS.
Note:
IMPORTANT: Stop the BI Publisher server before upgrading. Before
beginning the Enterprise Manager upgrade process, you will have
stopped the BI Publisher server process using the WLS console. If this
has not been performed, then you must use manual system
commands to gracefully terminate the BI Publisher server process. For
example, on Unix, use the 'kill' command (without the '-9' argument).
The following steps are performed for a upgrade configuration of BI Publisher in
Enterprise Manager Release 4 (12.1.0.4) or Release 5 (12.1.0.5). There script executes
two major functions:
■
Step 1 - Command invocation and credential gathering
14-6 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Upgrade Configuration of BI Publisher from an Old BI Publisher Home to a New BI Publisher under the 12.1.0.4/12.1.0.5 Middle-
■
■
Step 2 - The upgrade of the BI Publisher database schema, which is named
SYSMAN_BIPLATFORM. This is accomplished using the Oracle Patch Set
Assistant (PSA)
Step 3 - The WebLogic domain that contains Enterprise Manager is extend to
include BI Publisher, and BI Publisher is configured.
From the OMS instance's ORACLE_HOME/oms/bin directory (of the current Enterprise
Manager 12c Release 4 (12.1.0.4) or Release 5 (12.1.0.5) installation), execute the
configureBIP script with the -upgrade command-line argument. For example:
cd /oracle/middleware/oms/bin
configureBIP -upgrade
Optional: If you do not wish the script to execute step 6 below (the migration of
reports and certain configuration data) then an optional command-line argument can
be provided. In this situation, you can run configureBIP using the following syntax:
configureBIP -upgrade -nomigrate
1.
The script prompts for the necessary credentials.
2.
The script prompts for the full directory path to the domain of the prior Enterprise
Manager 12c installation. This installation already contains the BI Publisher report
definitions and certain configuration data.
3.
The script then executes the Patch Set Assistant (PSA) steps to upgrade the BI
Publisher database schema, since this is an upgrade from a prior release of the BI
Publisher.
4.
The script prompts for the two required inputs for the port(s) to use for the BI
Publisher Managed Server. One port for non-SSL and one for SSL.
5.
The script then performs the extend-domain and configuration of the new BI
Publisher.The BI Publisher Managed Server is not started in this step.
6.
The script migrates the reports and certain configuration data from the prior
installation of BI Publisher, if needed, that was installed onto the prior release of
Enterprise Manager 12c.
7.
The script then starts the BI Publisher Managed Server.
8.
Enterprise Manager, including BI Publisher, will be set to the same "Lock" mode as
it was prior to running configureBIP. This is done via the command "emctl secure
{lock | unlock}.
9.
Enterprise Manager is stopped and then started, including BI Publisher
10. The Enterprise Manager-supplied BI Publisher Reports are deployed to the newly
installed BI Publisher Web application.
11. The Enterprise Manager WebLogic domain target is refreshed to include the newly
added BI Publisher targets.
12. The Enterprise Manager-supplied BI Publisher Reports are deployed to the newly
installed BI Publisher Web application.
13. The final step performs a backup of Enterprise Manager using the "emctl
exportconfig oms" command.
Configuring BI Publisher with Enterprise Manager 14-7
Upgrade Configuration of BI Publisher from an Old BI Publisher Home to a New BI Publisher under the 12.1.0.4/12.1.0.5 Middle-
During an upgrade of BI Publisher 11.1.1.6.0 onto Enterprise
Manager 12c Release 4 (12.1.0.4) or Release 5 (12.1.0.5), the existing BI
Publisher schema will be upgraded from the prior version to
11.1.1.7.0. This means that when performing an upgrade, all existing
BI Publisher schedules will be carried over to the new installation of
BI Publisher.
Note:
Step 1 - Command invocation and credential gathering
Step 1 generates the following output.
Configuring BI Publisher Version "11.1.1.7.0" to work with Enterprise Manager
Logging started at /oracle/work/middleware/oms/cfgtoollogs/bip/bipca_
20140227144257.log.
This command is meant to be run from Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c
Release 4. Please confirm? (Y|N):y
Before this command is run, a backup of Enterprise Manager should be performed
using the :emctl exportconfig oms: command. Have you made a valid backup of
Enterprise Manager (yes/no) [no] ? yes
Enter sysdba user name (sys):
Enter sysdba user password:
Enter Administration Server user password:
Enter the fully qualified path to the domain you are upgrading from:
/oracle/EM12cR3/gc_inst/user_projects/domains/GCDomain
Upgrading from a prior release of BI Publisher With a file-system repository
Located at: //oracle/EM12cR3/gc_inst/user_projects/domain/GCDomain
Configuring BI Publisher in Oracle Home located in /oracle/work/middleware/Oracle_
BI1 ...
Step 2 - The upgrade of the BI Publisher database schema
The schema is named SYSMAN_BIPLATFORM. This operation is performed using the
Oracle Patch Set Assistant (PSA).
The patch set assistant runs to upgrade the BI Publisher schema. Output similar to the
following will be generated.
EM 12c BIPLATFORMversion 11.1.1.6.0 schema detected. Begin upgrade process to
version 11.1.1.7.0
Begin to execute Oracle Fusion Middleware Patch Set Assistant (PSA) ...
PSA returns with status: 0
Successfully upgraded SYSMAN_BIPLATFORM schema...
Step 3 - The WebLogic domain that contains Enterprise Manager is extend to
include BI Publisher, and BI Publisher is configured.
Successful operation of the script generates screen output similar to the following:
Enter an integer between 9701 and 49152 for the BI Publisher HTTP server port.
(9701):
Enter an integer between 9713 and 49152 for the BI Publisher HTTPS server port.
(9702)):
Extending domain with BI Publisher. This operations can take some time. Do not
interrupt this command while it is running...
Migrating BI Publisher Filesystem repository from "/ /oracle/EM12cR3/user_
projects/domains/GCDomain/config/bipublisher/repository" to "/oracle/gc_inst/user_
projects/domains/GCDomain/config/bipublisher/repository"...
Starting the Upgraded BI Publisher Managed Server...
Locking Enterprise Manager ...
OMS Console is locked. Access the console over HTTPS ports.
Restart OMS.
14-8 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Verifying Integration of BI Publisher with Enterprise Manager
Restarting Enterprise Manager ...
Stopping Enterprise Manager, this can take some time ...
Starting Enterprise Manager. This operation can take some time. Do not interrupt
this command while it is running.
OMS Started Successfully
BI Publisher server named :BIP: running at
https://slc03sag.example.com:9702/xmlpserver.
Registering BI Publisher with Enterprise Manager and deploying reports...
Performing automatic backup of Enterprise Manager.
Successfully backed up Enterprise Manager.
Successfully setup BI Publisher with Enterprise Manager
14.5 Verifying Integration of BI Publisher with Enterprise Manager
If you are running Enterprise Manager in a High Availability
environment (behind a Server Load Balancer (SLB)) be aware of the
following:
Note:
■
■
■
If the first BI Publisher server has been configured on the primary
OMS system, it is necessary to configure BI Publisher on all other
Enterprise Manager systems that reside behind the Server Load
Balancer.
If an Enterprise Manager system has a running OMS, and the
corresponding BI Publisher server is not configured, or is not
running, then running BI Publisher reports from Enterprise
Manager will fail some of the time. In this situation, configure BI
Publisher on the additional Enterprise Manager systems. If BI
Publisher is already configured on an additional system, bring it
up using the Enterprise Manager command line utility (EMCTL).
For details on configuring multiple BI Publisher servers, see
Chapter 20, "Running Multiple BI Publisher Servers.".
Verification can be performed in either fresh configuration mode or upgrade
configuration mode.
1.
Log in to Enterprise Manager as a Super Administrator.
2.
From the Enterprise menu, select Reports and then BI Publisher Enterprise
Reports.
Prior to BI Publisher being integrated with Enterprise Manager, the BI Publisher
Reports page appears as follows:
Configuring BI Publisher with Enterprise Manager 14-9
Allowing Access to BI Publisher for Enterprise Manager Administrators
3.
After BI Publisher is configured, this same page will display a tree list showing all
of the Enterprise Manager-supplied BI Publisher reports, as shown in the
following graphic.
This graphic shows the list of reports after all plug-ins have been installed. The
report list will vary in size depending on the number of plug-ins that have been
installed.
4.
Click on the provided EM Sample Reports and the select Targets of Specified
Type.
5.
Log in to BI Publisher using your Enterprise Manager credentials.
6.
You will see the sample report rendered on the screen. You can then use the full
capabilities of BI Publisher such as PDF report generation and e-mail delivery.
14.6 Allowing Access to BI Publisher for Enterprise Manager
Administrators
BI Publisher shares the same security model, via WebLogic, that Enterprise Manager is
configured to use. The security model is used both for authenticating access to BI
Publisher, and also setting up access to different features of BI Publisher. The items to
be discussed in the following sections are:
■
Enterprise Manager Authentication Security Model
14-10 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Allowing Access to BI Publisher for Enterprise Manager Administrators
■
BI Publisher Security Model
■
BI Publisher Permissions
■
BI Publisher OPSS Application Roles
■
Authenticating and limiting access BI Publisher features
14.6.1 Enterprise Manager Authentication Security Model
Once integrated, BI Publisher Reports conform to the Enterprise Manager
authentication security model. Enterprise Manager supports a variety of security
models, as defined in the Oracle® Enterprise Manager Security Guide.
To summarize, the security models that Enterprise Manager 12c supports are:
1.
Repository-based Authentication
2.
Enterprise User Security Based (EUS) Authentication
3.
Oracle Access Manager (OAM) SSO
4.
Oracle Single-sign-on (OSSO) -Based Authentication
5.
LDAP Authentication Options: Oracle Internet Directory and Microsoft Active
Directory
14.6.2 BI Publisher Security Model
When BI Publisher is integrated with Enterprise Manager, it shares the same security
model as Enterprise Manager.
Security Model 1 - Repository-Based authentication, uses the Oracle database for
authentication.
Security Model 2, Enterprise User Security Authentication (EUS), uses the Oracle
database for authentication. In this security configuration, the Oracle database
delegates authentication to an LDAP server. However, this LDAP server is not directly
accessed by WebLogic, and therefore BI Publisher does not have direct access to the
LDAP server.
The remaining three security models use an underlying LDAP server, which is
accessed directly by WebLogic, to authenticate users.
For the purposes of this document, we classify the BI Publisher security model into
one of these two categories:
1.
Repository-Based Authentication
2.
Underlying LDAP-based Authentication
When the BI Publisher security model is configured to use
Underlying LDAP-based Authentication, no additional BI
Publisher-specific configuration is required. For example, you do not
need to access the BI Publisher Administration screen and change the
security model to LDAP. Because Enterprise Manager and BI
Publisher are configured in the same WebLogic domain, they
automatically share the same security and authentication mechanisms.
Note:
Configuring BI Publisher with Enterprise Manager
14-11
Allowing Access to BI Publisher for Enterprise Manager Administrators
If Enterprise Manager was previously configured to
use an LDAP or SSO server, these LDAP or SSO configuration steps
will have to be repeated. This is required to incorporate required BI
Publisher configuration details.
IMPORTANT:
The primary security attributes that apply to BI Publisher Reports are:
■
BI Publisher Permissions
■
BI Publisher OPSS Application Roles
Each of these security attributes is detailed in the following sections.
14.6.3 BI Publisher Permissions
Enterprise Manager ships with certain Oracle-provided BI Publisher catalog objects.
These catalog objects consist of:
■
Folders
■
Reports (layout definitions and translations)
■
Datamodels (SQL queries against the Enterprise Manager repository)
■
Sub-templates (standard Enterprise Manager header shown above all pages of all
report output)
These catalog objects are created when BI Publisher is installed and integrated with
Enterprise Manager. They are placed in the "Enterprise Manager Cloud Control"
folder. These catalog objects are created with certain permissions that, combined with
the roles/groups discussed below, achieve the desired security model.
14.6.4 BI Publisher OPSS Application Roles
The domain policy store (OPSS) is used to control Enterprise Manager administrator
access to objects in the BI Publisher catalog and conditional access to the BI Publisher
"Administration" button.
OPSS is the repository of system and application-specific policies. Details regarding
OPSS can be found in the Oracle® Fusion Middleware Application Security Guide. In
a given domain, there is one store that stores all policies (and credentials) that all
applications deployed in the domain may use. As both Enterprise Manager and BI
Publisher are separate applications in the same domain, it is necessary to grant specific
BI Publisher OPSS application roles to Enterprise Manager administrators in order for
them to access and use BI Publisher.
When BI Publisher is installed, four OPSS application roles are created. These four
OPSS application roles are combined with the permissions on the BI Publisher catalog
objects in the "Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Folder" to achieve the rules shown
in the following sections. In addition, when the underlying LDAP authentication
security model is used, the LDAP groups can be mapped to these OPSS application
roles.
In the Repository-based authentication security model, the domain policy store (OPSS)
is used solely to control Enterprise Manager administrator's access to BI Publisher.
14-12 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Allowing Access to BI Publisher for Enterprise Manager Administrators
14.6.5 Authenticating and limiting access BI Publisher features
Below is a list of the OPSS application roles, and a description of the effective security
model placed on BI Publisher catalog objects that ship with Enterprise Manager.
■
■
■
■
■
None - Enterprise Manager administrators without any BI Publisher role can access
BI Publisher Reports via any delivery channel that BI Publisher supports, and that
has been configured and made accessible the BI Publisher System Administrator.
For example, any user can receive BI Publisher Reports via the BI Publisher
scheduling and e-Mail delivery mechanism, if configured.
EMBIPViewer - Enterprise Manager administrators with this BI Publisher role can
receive e-mails plus can view the Enterprise Manager-supplied BI Publisher
reports.
EMBIPScheduler - Enterprise Manager administrators with this BI Publisher role
can receive e-mails and can schedule the Enterprise Manager-supplied BI
Publisher reports if they also have the EMBIPViewer role.
EMBIPAuthor - Enterprise Manager administrators with this BI Publisher role can
receive e-mails, view the Enterprise Manager-supplied BI Publisher reports, and
can create new reports in their private folder. They can also copy the Enterprise
Manager-supplied BI Publisher reports into their private folder and customize
them.
EMBIPAdministrator (Super Users) - Enterprise Manager administrators with this
BI Publisher role have complete access to BI Publisher.
The following diagram shows the hierarchy of the above roles:
Access to the BI Publisher "Administration" button is granted
via the OPSS application role. This button is used to perform
advanced configuration on BI Publisher, such as setting up the e-mail
server.
Note:
Enterprise Manager Super Administrators
When the repository-based authentication security model is used, all Enterprise
Manager Super Administrators are automatically granted the EMBIPAdministrator
OPSS application role to facilitate setting up BI Publisher.
When an underlying LDAP authentication security model is used, Enterprise Manager
Super Administrators are not automatically granted EMBIPAdministrator access to BI
Publisher. See Section 16.x for more information on allowing access to BI Publisher for
Configuring BI Publisher with Enterprise Manager
14-13
Limiting access to BI Publisher features
Enterprise Manager Administrators in an underlying LDAP-based Authentication
security Model environment.
14.7 Limiting access to BI Publisher features
Granting the previously discussed four OPSS application roles is somewhat different
depending on the BI Publisher security model that is in place. To review, the 2 security
models that BI Publisher supports are:
■
Repository-Based Authentication
■
Underlying LDAP-based Authentication
14.7.1 Granting BI Publisher OPSS Application Roles to Enterprise Manager
Administrators in Repository-Based Authentication Mode Using wlst
An EM CLI command can be used to grant one or more OPSS application roles to
Enterprise Manager administrator(s). The following usage example demonstrates
using EM CLI to grant VIEW and AUTHOR access to the Enterprise Manager
administrators named "JERRY" and "LESLIE".
Even though Enterprise User Security (EUS) uses an LDAP
server for user authentication, this is handled strictly by the database.
Therefore, this section also applies when using EUS.
Note:
To run the script:
1.
Connect the Enterprise Manager EM CLI to Enterprise Manager
2.
Run emcli grant_bipublisher_roles to grant access to BI Publisher for
Enterprise Manager user(s).
Example Session
$ emcli login -username=sysman
Enter password :
Login successful
$ emcli sync
Synchronized successfully
$ emcli grant_bipublisher_roles -roles="EMBIPViewer;EMBIPAuthor"
-users="JERRY;LELSIE"
EMBIPViewer role successfully granted to JERRY
EMBIPViewer role successfully granted to LESLIE
EMBIPAuthor role successfully granted to JERRY
EMBIPAuthor role successfully granted to LESLIE
Revoking VIEW Access to BI Publisher Reports
In the following example session you revoke VIEW access to BI Publisher reports from
user "JERRY".
$ emcli login -username=sysman
Enter password :
Login successful
$ emcli sync
Synchronized successfully
$ emcli revoke_bipublisher_roles -roles="EMBIPViewer" -users=JERRY
EMBIPViewer role successfully revoked from JERRY
14-14 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Allowing Access to BI Publisher for Enterprise Manager Administrators in an Underlying LDAP Authentication Security Environ-
14.7.2 Propagation Time for Changes to OPSS
When changing an Enterprise Manager administrator's BI Publisher access privileges
(EMBIPViewer, EMBIPAdministrator, EMBIPScheduler, EMBIPAuthor) the Super
Administrator needs to wait 15 or more minutes for the changes to propagate through
OPSS and become effective. The change will then be effective the next time the
administrator logs into BI Publisher.
14.8 Allowing Access to BI Publisher for Enterprise Manager
Administrators in an Underlying LDAP Authentication Security
Environment
Enterprise Manager and BI Publisher are separate applications. When using an
underlying LDAP-based authentication model (except for Enterprise User Security
(EUS)), LDAP groups defined in the external LDAP server can also be used to manage
access to BI Publisher. These LDAP groups allow varying levels of access to BI
Publisher. Hence, you can add an LDAP user as a member of one or more of these
LDAP group and appropriate capabilities of BI Publisher will be exposed. These LDAP
groups, which either need to be created or existing ones used, are coordinated with the
permissions of the catalog object in the "Enterprise Manager Cloud Control" folder.
This section does not apply when Enterprise Manager is
configured to use Enterprise User Security (EUS). See Section 14.7.1,
"Granting BI Publisher OPSS Application Roles to Enterprise Manager
Administrators in Repository-Based Authentication Mode Using
wlst."
Note:
Because BI Publisher and Enterprise Manager are configured
within the same WebLogic domain, it is not necessary to perform any
specific LDAP configuration in the BI Publisher application. The
following steps are sufficient to configure LDAP.
Note:
In an underlying LDAP-based authentication security model, the following steps are
required:
■
The administrator of the LDAP server needs to use four external groups of any
chosen name. These groups need to be grouped hierarchically. Existing groups can
be used, or new ones can be created.
Important: The group names must be all upper-case.
Group Name Examples:
■
–
EMBIPADMINISTRATOR
–
EMBIPVIEWER
–
EMBIPSCHEDULER
–
EMBIPAUTHOR
The administrator of the LDAP server must then make the additional changes
below in order to achieve the necessary hierarchical structure shown in the
Configuring BI Publisher with Enterprise Manager
14-15
Securing BI Publisher with a Secure Socket Layer (SSL) Certificate
hierarchy diagram above. For example, using the sample LDAP group names
above:
Make EMBIPADMINISTRATOR a member of EMBIPAUTHOR
Make EMBIPADMINISTRATOR a member of EMBIPSCHEDULER
Make EMBIPAUTHOR a member of EMBIPVIEWER
In LDAP, the terminology and concepts can seem backwards
and confusing. For example, you want the EMBIPAUTHORS group to
have as a member the EMBIPADMINISTRATORS group.
Note:
Then, in order to grant access to BI Publisher and its catalog objects, the administrator
of the LDAP server needs to make respective LDAP users a members of one or more of
the above LDAP groups.
14.8.1 Mapping LDAP Groups to BI Publisher OPSS Application Roles
In order to map the four LDAP groups to the OPSS application roles described above,
the LDAP groups need to be mapped using EM CLI.
Note: If you have just upgraded to BI Publisher 11.1.1.7.0 on
Enterprise Manager 12c Release 4 (12.1.0.4) or Release 5 (12.1.0.5) from
a prior installation of BI Publisher on Enterprise Manager 12c and the
names of your LDAP groups have not changed, this step is not
necessary, as the prior OPSS application grants are carried over to the
new installation.
Example Session
emcli grant_bipublisher_roles -roles="EMBIPViewer" -external_role="EMBIPVIEWER"
EMBIPViewer successfully granted to EMBIPVIEWER
emcli grant_bipublisher_roles -roles="EMBIPAuthor" -external_role="EMBIPAUTHOR"
EMBIPAuthor successfully granted to EMBIPAUTHOR
emcli grant_bipublisher_roles -roles="EMBIPScheduler" -external_
role="EMBIPSCHEDULER"
EMBIPScheduler successfully granted to EMBIPSCHEDULER
emcli grant_bipublisher_roles -roles="EMBIPAdministrator" -external_
role="EMBIPADMINISTRATOR"
EMBIPAdministator successfully granted to EMBIPADMINISTRATOR
14.9 Securing BI Publisher with a Secure Socket Layer (SSL) Certificate
The BI Publisher WebLog Server is configured with a default identity keystore (
DemoIdentity.jks) and a default trust keystore ( DemoTrust.jks). In addition, WebLogic
Server trusts the CA certificates in the JDK cacerts file. This default keystore
configuration is appropriate for testing and development purposes. However, these
keystores should not be used in a production environment.
If Enterprise Manager has previously been secured with an SSL certificate, using the
emctl secure wls command, this command will need to be re-issued once BI
Publisher has been configured. See the Enterprise Manager Administrator's guide for
more information on how these commands are used.
14-16 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
EMBIP* Roles: Granting Access to Folders and Catalog Objects
14.10 BI Publisher Administration
Please refer to the BI Publisher documentation for instructions on configuring BI
Publisher settings.
Common administrative tasks:
■
Configuring server properties, such as e-mail servers.
■
Configuring report delivery channels, such as FTP.
14.11 Post-Configuration Steps to take after Configuring BI Publisher
Installing Plug-in-Specific Reports
Some Enterprise Manager-provided BI Publisher reports belong to specific plug-ins.
These plug-ins must be installed in order for these reports to be available. A plug-in
can be installed before or after BI Publisher is configured to work with Enterprise
Manager 12c. Enterprise Manager plug-ins can be installed using different
mechanisms. All of these mechanisms support the installation of BI Publisher reports
that are part of a plug-in.
Refer to the Oracle Enterprise Manager Basic Installation Guide
for complete installation specifics.
Note:
If a Enterprise Manager plug-in was installed prior to BI Publisher being configured, it
is necessary to deploy these new BI Publisher reports from Enterprise Manager to BI
Publisher. The following command can be used for this purpose:
emcli deploy_bipublisher_reports
For complete usage and examples using this command, execute the following:
emcli help deploy_bipublisher_reports
14.12 EMBIP* Roles: Granting Access to Folders and Catalog Objects
By default, the shipping security model (as described in Section 14.6.5, applies to BI
Publisher catalog objects that are inside the "Enterprise Manager Cloud Control"
folder. This is due to the fact that the catalog objects that exist in this folder are set up
with a default set of permissions. See Section 14.6.3. BI Publisher catalog objects that
are outside of this folder will not automatically contain these same permissions. For
example, BI Publisher ships with numerous reports in a shared folder called
"Samples". If it is desired to grant access to this folder to Enterprise Manager/BI
Publisher users, other than EMBIPAdministrator, it is necessary for a BI Publisher
super administrator (EMBIPAdministrator) to change the permissions of this folder.
They do so by selecting the folder "Samples" and choosing "Permissions" in the bottom
left task bar. They then need to add the four privileges (EMBIPAdministrator,
EMBIPViewer, EMBIPAuthor, EMBIPScheduler) and grant appropriate access to that
privilege such as VIEW report, run report online, to EMBIPViewer. The administrator
can model the appropriate privileges to grant based on any of the shipping Enterprise
Manager reports (for example, Targets of Specified Type).
Individual users, who have the EMBIPAuthor OPSS application role, can develop
reports in their own private folders. These reports will not be available to other users.
Configuring BI Publisher with Enterprise Manager
14-17
Access to Enterprise Manager Repository
The shared folder "Enterprise Manager Cloud Control"
contains Enterprise Manager-provided BI Publisher Reports and is
reserved for such. No custom-developed reports may be added to this
folder hierarchy. The default security model that ships with Enterprise
Manager specifically prohibits this.
Note:
Only reports in the "Enterprise Manager Cloud Control" folder
will show up in the Enterprise Manager BI Publisher Enterprise
Reports menu (From the Enterprise menu, select Reports, and then BI
Publisher Enterprise Reports).
Note:
If a BI Publisher administrator (EMBIPAdministrator) wishes to create a new shared
folder outside of the "Enterprise Manager Cloud Control" folder, they can do so. These
reports would not show up in the Enterprise Manager BI Publisher reports menu but
would be available to other Enterprise Manager administrators as long as appropriate
permissions are granted as previously described.
14.13 Access to Enterprise Manager Repository
All BI Publisher reports are granted read-only access to the Enterprise Manager
Repository. This access is via the BI Publisher data source named EMREPOS. This
access is via the Enterprise Manager user MGMT_VIEW, which is a special internal
Enterprise Manager user who has read-only access to the Enterprise Manager
Published MGMT$ database views. In addition, when reports are run, they are further
restricted to the target-level security of the user running the report. For example, if
user JOE has target-level access to "hostabc" and "database3", when user JOE runs a BI
Publisher report (any report) he can only view target-level data associated with these
two targets.
14.14 Troubleshooting
The following sections provide common strategies that can be used if problems occur
with the Enterprise Manager/BI Publisher integration.
14.14.1 Rerunning configureBIP
It is sometimes necessary to rerun configureBIP, either during a fresh BI Publisher
configuration, or during an upgrade BI Publisher configuration.Before running to
re-run the configureBIP command, stop BI Publisher using this command:
emctl stop oms -bip_only
14.14.2 BI Publisher Log File Locations
The following log files can be used to trace problems to their point of origin.
14.14.2.1 configureBIP Log Files
Location: ORACLE_HOME(oms)/cfgtoollogs/bip/*
■
Creating/upgrading the BI Publisher schema in the database
–
"emBIPLATFORM.log
14-18 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Troubleshooting
■
–
"emBIPLATFORMcreate_<date>.log
–
"biplatform.log
–
"emBIPLATFORMcreate.err
Extending the Enterprise Manager domain with BI Publisher
–
bipca_<date>.log
14.14.2.2 Enterprise Manager BI Publisher Tree and EM CLI Log File Output
emoms.trc
emoms.log
Messages specific to the BI Publisher integration can be found by searching for "BIP"
(all caps) in the log files.
14.14.2.3 BI Publisher Runtime
Location: Domain home. For example, gc_inst/user_projects/domains/GCDomain
■
servers/BIP/logs/*
■
servers/BIP/logs/bipublisher.log
14.14.3 Additional Troubleshooting
If BI Publisher is able to run successfully, but BI Publisher registration with Enterprise
Manager fails, you can retry the registration by running:
emcli login -username=<admin username> -password=<admin password>
emcli sync
emcli setup_bipublisher -proto=http[s] -host=<bip_host> -port=<bip_port>
-uri=xmlpserver
14.14.4 Redeploying All Enterprise Manager-Supplied BI Publisher Reports
If a plug-in is installed subsequent to BI Publisher being installed and configured to
work with Enterprise Manager, the BI Publisher reports that are part of the plug-in can
be deployed from the Enterprise Manager installation to BI Publisher using the
following commands:
emcli login –username=sysman
Password: <pw>
emcli sync
emcli deploy_bipublisher_reports –force
This procedure can also be used to restore reports on BI Publisher if they become
damaged.
14.14.5 Enabling BI Publisher Debugging
When troubleshooting BI Publisher, there may be situations that require detailed BI
Publisher debugging information to resolve the issues. You can enable BIP debugging
using the WebLogic Scripting Tool (WLST). When debugging is enabled, detailed
diagnostic and error information will be sent to the standard locations discussed
previously, such as bipublisher.log. The following procedure steps you through turning
on debugging for the primary BI Publisher server.
Configuring BI Publisher with Enterprise Manager
14-19
Troubleshooting
Note: In the following command examples, BIP is the name of the
primary BI Publisher server. If there are multiple BI Publisher servers
that require debugging, replace the BIP with the individual server
names such as BIP2 or BIP3
Once you have finished debugging BI Publisher, be sure to turn off debugging.
14.14.5.1 Turning on BI Publisher Debugging
1.
Before running WLST, set WLST environment properties so that the WebLogic
Server trusts the CA certificates in the demonstration trust keystore.
Linux sh/bash:
export WLST_PROPERTIES="-Dweblogic.security.TrustKeyStore=DemoTrust"
Linux csh/tcsh:
setenv WLST_PROPERTIES "-Dweblogic.security.TrustKeyStore=DemoTrust"
Windows:
set WLST_PROPERTIES=-Dweblogic.security.TrustKeyStore=DemoTrust
2.
Connect to WLST.
Linux:
$MW_HOME/oracle_common/common/bin/wlst.sh
Windows:
%MW_HOME%\oracle_common\common\bin\wlst.cmd
3.
Execute the commands shown in the following WLST session example to enable
debugging.
...
...
Initializing WebLogic Scripting Tool (WLST) ...
Welcome to WebLogic Server Administration Scripting Shell
Type help() for help on available commands
wls:/offline> connect('weblogic','<pw>','t3s://host:port')
...
...
Successfully connected to Admin Server 'EMGC_ADMINSERVER' that belongs to
domain 'GCDomain'.
wls:/GCDomain/serverConfig>
setLogLevel(target='BIP',logger='oracle.xdo',level='TRACE:32')
wls:/GCDomain/serverConfig> getLogLevel(logger='oracle.xdo',target='BIP')
TRACE:32
wls:/GCDomain/serverConfig> exit()
14.14.5.2 Turning Off BI Publisher Debugging
Once you have finished debugging BI Publisher, you must reset the log-level back to
the default setting.
1.
Connect to WLST.
2.
Execute the commands shown in the following WLST session example to disable
debugging.
wls:/offline> connect('weblogic','<pw>','t3s://host:port')
14-20 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Managing Enterprise Manager - BI Publisher Connection Credentials
...
...
Successfully connected to Admin Server 'EMGC_ADMINSERVER' that belongs to
domain 'GCDomain'.
wls:/GCDomain/serverConfig>
setLogLevel(target='BIP',logger='oracle.xdo',level=' 'WARNING:1')
wls:/GCDomain/serverConfig> getLogLevel(logger='oracle.xdo',target='BIP')
'WARNING:1'
14.15 Managing Enterprise Manager - BI Publisher Connection
Credentials
Accessing BI Publisher from Enterprise Manager requires a direct connection between
the two products in order to retrieve, display, and manage report definitions. Example:
From the Enterprise menu, choose Reports and then BI Publisher Enterprise Reports.
A tree view displaying BI Publisher reports within the Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control shared folder appears as shown in the following graphic.
The first time you run the configureBIP script to configure BI Publisher to integrate
with Enterprise Manager, a dedicated WebLogic user is automatically created with the
requisite credentials solely for the purpose of installation/configuration. Beginning
with Enterprise Manager 12c Cloud Control release 12.1.0.1, you can configure these
credentials using the EMCTL command config oms.
Verb Syntax
emctl config oms -store_embipws_creds [-admin_pwd <weblogic_pwd>] [-embipws_user
<new_embipws_username>] [-embipws_pwd <new_embipws_pwd>]
The config oms command allows you to change the password, and optionally the
username, used by Enterprise Manager to access the installed BI Publisher Web Server.
Running the config oms command requires the WebLogic Admin user's password.
Note 1: The config oms command only changes the user credentials required for the
Enterprise Manager - BI Publisher connection. The Enterprise Manager - BI Publisher
Configuring BI Publisher with Enterprise Manager
14-21
Managing the BI Publisher Server
connection credentials should match the credentials used elsewhere by the user.
Example: Enterprise Manager users (database authentication), LDAP users, and
WebLogic Server users. Use the corresponding application/console to create or
manage the user within the installed credential store.
Note 2: This command is operational only if BI Publisher has been installed.
Note 3: It is not necessary to restart any managed server, such as EMGC_OMSnnnn or
BIPnnnn.
Any valid credential that WebLogic supports is acceptable as long as that user also has
the EMBIPAdministrators privilege (either in OPSS or LDAP, as appropriate).
Example: You have configured Enterprise Manager to use single sign-on (SSO)
(backed by an LDAP credential store). The following steps illustrate the credential
update process:
1.
Create the LDAP user. Example: Create EM_BIP_INTERNAL_USER and assign
this LDAP user a password such as XYZ123.
2.
Make EM_BIP_INTERNAL_USER a member of the EMBIPADMINISTRATORS
LDAP group. For more information about LDAP groups and Enterprise
Manager-BI Publisher integration, see Section 14.8, "Allowing Access to BI
Publisher for Enterprise Manager Administrators in an Underlying LDAP
Authentication Security Environment".
3.
Execute the EMCTL config oms command:
emctl config oms -store_embipws_creds -embipws_user EM_BIP_INTERNAL_USER
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 2
Copyright (c) 1996, 2012 Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved.
Enter Admin User's Password: <pw>
Enter new password that Enterprise Manager will use to connect to BI Publisher:
XYZ123
Successfully updated credentials used by Enterprise Manager to connect to BI
Publisher.
If you later change the EM_BIP_INTERNAL_USER password in the LDAP server,
you can change the LDAP user's password by executing the config oms command
with the -store_embipws_creds option. In the following example, the password is
changed to ABC123.
emctl config oms -store_embipws_creds
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 2
Copyright (c) 1996, 2012 Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved.
Enter Admin User's Password: <pw>
Enter new password that Enterprise Manager will use to connect to BI Publisher
: ABC123
Successfully updated credentials used by Enterprise Manager to connect to BI
Publisher.
14.16 Managing the BI Publisher Server
BI Publisher operates as a separate, managed server in the same WebLogic domain
that contains the OMS(s) and the AdminServer. After BI Publisher is configured, the
Enterprise Manager emctl command can now be used to also manage BI Publisher.
Usage Examples:
emctl start oms
Starts the Oracle Application Server components required
14-22 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Paths to access BI Publisher
to run the Management Service application.
Specifically, this command starts the Oracle HTTP Server,
Oracle Management Service, BI Publisher server and
applications associated with it.
emctl start oms -bip_only
Starts just the BI publisher server.
emctl stop oms [-all] [-force]
Stops Oracle Management Service.
-all : Additionally Stops BI publisher server and
Admin server
-force : kills the process instead of gracefull shutdown
(not recommended)
emctl stop oms -bip_only [-force]
Stops BI Publisher server only
-force : kills the process instead of gracefull shutdown
(not recommended)
emctl status oms
Displays a message indicating whether Oracle Management
Service and BI Publisher are running.
emctl status oms -bip_only
Displays a message indicating whether BI Publisher is
running.
emctl status oms -details [-sysman_pwd <pwd>]
Displays status of Oracle Management Service. It displays
detailed information which includes :
1) Http and Https upload port for Console and Pbs. and
respective URL.
2) Instance Home Location
3) Oracle Management Service Log directory
4) Software Load Balancer
5) Administration Server machine, port and URL
6) Oracle BI Publisher details
-sysman_pwd : Enterprise Manager SYSMAN Password. If not
provided, you will be prompted for this
14.17 Using BI Publisher
For comprehensive information on using BI Publisher, see the BI Publisher
documentation library.
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/middleware/bi-publisher/documentation/in
dex.html
14.18 Paths to access BI Publisher
Various paths that are used to communicate with BI Publisher. You can obtain the
specific paths that are currently configured for your BI Publisher installation using the
emctl status oms –details command.
Configuring BI Publisher with Enterprise Manager
14-23
Paths to access BI Publisher
Corporate firewall configuration may be required to restrict
specific TCP/IP ports from being used to access the OMS or BI
Publisher.
Note:
Access to BI Publisher via the list of BI Publisher reports (discussed in a previous
section): This is the easiest way to access BI Publisher, and requires no special
understanding, for users of Enterprise Manager, on the configuration of the paths
discussed below. We call this the direct channel. The direct channel is automatically
determined using a heuristic algorithm, based on various configuration settings.
Access from the Oracle Management Server (OMS) to BI Publisher: The OMS needs
to communicate with BI Publisher in order to perform various operations, such as
presenting the list of BI Publisher reports, and deploying new reports. We call this the
internal channel. The internal channel is automatically configured when Enterprise
Manager is installed or upgraded. The internal channel can also be manually changed
at any time using the emcli setup_bipublisher command. See the Enterprise
Manager Command Line Interface Guide for more information about this command.
Communication Channels
■
Direct Channel: one of the following TCP/IP ports, and communication protocols
(HTTP or HTTPS) is used, depending on the method used to access Enterprise
Manager, and depending on the Enterprise Manager Authentication Model. The
command ‘emctl status oms –details’ can assist with determining these.
■
If Enterprise Manager has been configured for use with a Server Load Balancer,
one or both of the following channels is used to access BI Publisher. For further
details on the ‘emctl secure oms’ command and the configuration of a Server Load
Balancer for use with Enterprise Manager, see the "Configuring Enterprise
Manager for High Availability" section in this guide.
–
Normally, access to BI Publisher is by the Server Load Balancer HTTPS port.
This port can be determined using the emctl status oms –details
command. This port can be reconfigured using the emctl secure oms
command. This command must be run on each OMS system during a rolling
down-time procedure. For example .
emctl secure oms -host slb.example.com -slb_console_port 443
Note: make sure not to provide the argument : -slb_port : as this
will require re-securing of all Enterprise Manager agents.
–
If Enterprise Manager has been unlocked using emctl secure oms –unlock_
console or emctl secure unlock, access to BI Publisher, via the Server Load
Balancer port, in HTTP mode is also supported. This channel will be used if
Enterprise Manager has been accessed using the Server Load Balancer in
insecure mode using HTTP. This only needs to be done on one OMS system,
and no down-time is required. For example:
$ORACLE_HOME/bin/emctl set property -name
oracle.sysman.core.eml.ip.bip.gcha.SLBEMBIPConsoleHTTPPort -value 80
–
Access to BI Publisher via the secure Oracle HTTPS Server Port (OHS). This
will be used if Enterprise Manager has been accessed via the OHS HTTPS
port, only if a Server Load Balancer is NOT configured.
14-24 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Paths to access BI Publisher
■
–
The OHS port will also be used if Enterprise Manager is configured with a
Virtual Hostname.
–
If Enterprise Manager has been unlocked, access via the Insecure Oracle HTTP
Server Port (OHS) is not supported with BIP if a load balancer is also
configured.
–
If Enterprise Manager is configured to use Single Sign On, and Enterprise
Manager is accessed directly on the OMS WebLogic managed server port, BI
Publisher will always be accessed on the secure HTTPS port (thereby
bypassing the SSO login screen). This is true regardless of whether Enterprise
Manager has been accessed via HTTP or HTTPS mode.
Internal Channel: For Enterprise Manager 12.1.0.4 and 12.1.0.5, all communications
via this channel must remain in HTTPS mode and must be made directly to a
specific BIP managed server, on a specific Enterprise Manager host, using the
WebLogic managed server port.
For Enterprise Manager 12.1.0.4 and 12.1.0.5, the internal channel cannot use either
the SLB nor the OHS port.
The currently configured internal channel can be determined using the following
commands:
emcli login -username=sysman
emcli sync
emcli unregister_bipublisher
■
Auxiliary Channel: If Enterprise Manager has been unlocked, access to the BIP
WebLogic managed server(s) can occur on the HTTP port for testing purposes.
Example
The following example demonstrates using emctl status oms –details to determine
the various channels. The bolded items will help determine the ports used:
emctl status oms -details
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 4
Copyright (c) 1996, 2015 Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved.
Enter Enterprise Manager Root (SYSMAN) Password :
Console Server Host
: emoms1.example.com
HTTP Console Port
: 7788
HTTPS Console Port
: 7799
HTTP Upload Port
: 4889
HTTPS Upload Port
: 4900
EM Instance Home
: /oracle/gc_inst/em/EMGC_OMS1
OMS Log Directory Location : /oracle/gc_inst/em/EMGC_OMS1/sysman/log
SLB or virtual hostname: slb.example.com
HTTPS SLB Upload Port : 4900
HTTPS SLB Console Port : 443
Agent Upload is unlocked.
OMS Console is unlocked.
Active CA ID: 1
Console URL: https://slb.example.com:443/em
Upload URL: https://slb.example.com:4900/empbs/upload
WLS Domain Information
Domain Name
: GCDomain
Admin Server Host
: emoms1.example.com
Admin Server HTTPS Port: 7101
Admin Server is RUNNING
Configuring BI Publisher with Enterprise Manager
14-25
De-installing BI Publisher that was Not Installed Along with Enterprise Manager 12.1.0.5
Oracle Management Server Information
Managed Server Instance Name: EMGC_OMS1
Oracle Management Server Instance Host: emoms1.example.com
WebTier is Up
Oracle Management Server is Down
BI Publisher Server Information
BI Publisher Managed Server Name: BIP
BI Publisher Server is Up
BI Publisher Server named 'BIP' running at URL:
https://slb.example.com:443/xmlpserver
BI Publisher Server Logs: /oracle/gc_inst/user_
projects/domains/GCDomain/servers/BIP/logs/
BI Publisher Log
: /oracle/gc_inst/user_
projects/domains/GCDomain/servers/BIP/logs/bipublisher/bipublisher.log
14.19 De-installing BI Publisher that was Not Installed Along with
Enterprise Manager 12.1.0.5
IMPORTANT: Do not proceed with this section until the installation of Enterprise
Manager 12.1.0.5 has been completed.
If you have followed this chapter to upgrade BI Publisher from a prior release of
Enterprise Manager (12.1.0.2 or 12.1.0.3) to 12.1.0.5, and the prior release of Enterprise
Manager also contained BI Publisher 11.1.1.6, you can safely remove the prior
installation of the BI Publisher Oracle Home, along with the prior installation of the
OMS home. As an Oracle-recommended best practice, you should also delete the
Oracle home associated with the prior BI Publisher Oracle home since it consumes a
significant amount of disk space.
For more information in upgrading Enterprise Manager, when to de-install older
Enterprise Manager software, and various de-installation methods, see the Oracle®
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Upgrade Guide.
14-26 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
15
Running the OMS in Console-Only Mode
51
Oracle Management Service (OMS) is designed to run two types of services, mainly
the console services and the background services. While the console services are
required to render a GUI-rich console for Enterprise Manager, the background services
are required to run critical jobs, upload operations, business logics, and so on.
Figure 15–1 illustrates the functioning of an OMS where both console services and
background services are running.
Figure 15–1 Functioning of OMS with Active Console and Background Services
In a multi-OMS environment, if you want to have a dedicated OMS for User Interface
(UI) operations or if you do not want to run background services in SSA OMS
(external-facing OMS in a private or public cloud environment), then you can choose to
shut down the background services and run only the UI services, thus turning the
OMS into a pure, console-only mode. In such a case, the Management Agents upload
data to other OMS instances where both background services and UI services are
running. However, note that you cannot shut down the background services and run
only the UI services of an OMS that is deployed in a remote location.
Running the OMS in Console-Only Mode 15-1
Note:
■
■
Only the additional OMS instances can be run in console-only
mode, while the OMS instance that shares the host with the
Administration Server cannot.
Only the additional OMS instances of the same location can be
run in console-only mode, while the additional OMS in a remote
location cannot. For example, if you have four OMS instances in
the US and one in Australia, then the OMS in Australia cannot be
run in console-only mode.
To run the OMS in console-only mode, follow these steps:
1.
Stop the OMS using the following command.
$emctl stop oms
2.
Set the start up mode to console-only, using the following command.
$emctl config oms -set_startup_mode console_only
3.
Start the OMS using the following command.
$emctl start oms
To revert the OMS instances to Normal mode, run the following command, and restart
the OMS.
$emctl config oms -set_startup_mode normal
15-2 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Part VI
Part VI
Configuring Enterprise Manager for High
Availability
This section covers Enterprise Manager high availability best practices and strategies
that allow you to safeguard your Oracle Enterprise Manager installation.
■
High Availability Solutions
■
Enterprise Manager High Availability
■
Enterprise Manager Disaster Recovery
■
Backing Up and Recovering Enterprise Manager
■
Running Multiple BI Publisher Servers
16
High Availability Solutions
16
Highly Available systems are critical to the success of virtually every business today. It
is equally important that the management infrastructure monitoring these
mission-critical systems are highly available. The Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
architecture is engineered to be scalable and available from the ground up. It is
designed to ensure that you concentrate on managing the assets that support your
business, while it takes care of meeting your business Service Level Agreements.
When you configure Cloud Control for high availability, your aim is to protect each
component of the system, as well as the flow of management data in case of
performance or availability problems, such as a failure of a host or a Management
Service.
Maximum Availability Architecture (MAA) provides a highly available Enterprise
Manager implementation by guarding against failure at each component of Enterprise
Manager.
The impacts of failure of the different Enterprise Manager components are:
■
Management Agent failure or failure in the communication between Management
Agents and Management Service
Results in targets monitored by the agent no longer being monitored by Enterprise
Manager.
■
Management Service failure
Results in downtime for Enterprise Manager.
■
Management Repository failure
Results in downtime for Enterprise Manager.
■
Software Library Failure
Results in a sub-set of Enterprise Manager operations being unavailable. These
operations include self-update and provisioning and patching operations
including Agent deployment.
Overall, failure in any component of Enterprise Manager can result in substantial
service disruption. Therefore it is essential that each component be hardened using a
highly available architecture.
For information about setting up a high availability solution
for BI Publisher, see Chapter 20, "Running Multiple BI Publisher
Servers."
Note:
High Availability Solutions 16-1
Latest High Availability Information
16.1 Latest High Availability Information
Because of rapidly changing technology, and the fact that high availability
implementations extend beyond the realm of Oracle Enterprise Manager, the following
resources should be checked regularly for the latest information on third-party
integration with Oracle's high availability solutions (F5 or third-party cluster ware, for
example).
■
Oracle Maximum Availability Architecture Web site
HTTP://www.oracle.com/goto/maa
■
Enterprise Manager 12c Framework and Infrastructure Web site
HTTP://www.oracle.com/technetwork/oem/frmwrk-infra-496656.html
16.2 Defining High Availability
Oracle Enterprise Manager's flexible, distributed architecture permits a wide range of
deployment configurations, allowing it to meet the monitoring and management
needs of your business, as well as allowing for expansion as business needs dictate.
For this reason, high availability for Enterprise Manager cannot be narrowly defined
as a singular implementation, but rather a range of protection levels based on your
available resources, Oracle technology and best practices that safeguard the
investment in your IT infrastructure. Depending on your Enterprise Manager
deployment and business needs, you can implement the level of high availability
necessary to sustain your business. High availably for Enterprise Manager can be
categorized into four levels, each level building on the previous and increasing in
implementation cost and complexity, but also incrementally increasing the level of
availability.
16.2.1 Levels of High Availability
Each high availability solution level is driven by your business requirements and
available IT resources. However, it is important to note that the levels represent a
subset of possible deployments that are useful in presenting the various options
available. Your IT organization will likely deploy its own configuration which need
not exactly match one of the levels.
The following table summarizes four example high availability levels for Oracle
Enterprise Manager installations as well as general resource requirements.
Table 16–1
Enterprise Manager High Availability Levels
Minimum
Number of
Nodes
Recommended
Number of
Load Balancer
Nodes
Requirements
1
2
None
Level 2 OMS installed on shared storage 2
with a VIP based failover.
Database is using Local Data
Guard.
4
None
Level 3 OMS in Active/Active
configuration. The database is
using RAC + Local Data Guard
5
Local Load
Balancer
Level
Description
Level 1 OMS and repository database.
Each resides on their own host
with no failover.
3
16-2 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Comparing Availability Levels
Table 16–1 (Cont.) Enterprise Manager High Availability Levels
Level
Description
Level 4 OMS on the primary site in
Active/Active Configuration.
Repository deployed using
Oracle RAC.
Minimum
Number of
Nodes
Recommended
Number of
Load Balancer
Nodes
Requirements
4
8
Required:
Local Load
Balancer for
each site.
Duplicate hardware deployed at
the standby site.
Optional:
Global Load
Balancer
DR for OMS and Software
Library using Storage
Replication between primary
and standby sites.
Database DR using Oracle Data
Guard.
Note: Level 4 is a MAA Best
Practice, achieving highest
availability in the most cost
effective, simple architecture.
16.3 Comparing Availability Levels
The following tables compare the protection levels and recovery times for the various
HA levels.
Table 16–2
High Availability Levels of Protection
Level
OMS Host
Failure
OMS
Storage
Failure
Database
Storage
Database
Host Failure Failure
Site
Failure/Disaster
Recovery
Level 1
No
No
No
No
No
Level 2
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
No
Level 3
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Level 4
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Table 16–3
High Availability Level Recovery Times
Level
Node
Failure
Local
Storage
Failure
Site Failure
Cost
Level 1
Hours-Days
Hours-Days
Hours-Days
$
Level 2
Minutes
Hours-Days
Hours-Days
$$
Level 3
No Outage
Minutes
Hours-Days
$$$
Level 4
No Outage
Minutes
Minutes
$$$$
One measure that is not represented in the tables is that of scalability. Levels three and
four provide the ability to scale the Enterprise Manager installation as business needs
grow. The repository, running as a RAC database, can easily be scaled upwards by
adding new nodes to the RAC cluster and it is possible to scale the Management
Service tier by simply adding more OMS servers.
High Availability Solutions 16-3
Implementing High Availability Levels
If you need equalized performance in the event of failover to a standby deployment,
whether that is a local standby database or a Level four standby site including a
standby RAC database and standby OMS servers, it is essential to ensure that the
deployments on both sites are symmetrically scaled. This is particularly true if you
want to run through planned failover routines where you actively run on the primary
or secondary site for extended periods of time. For example, some finance institutions
mandate this as part of operating procedures.
If you need survivability in the event of a primary site loss you need to go with a Level
four architecture.
16.4 Implementing High Availability Levels
Once you have determined the high availability requirements for your enterprise, you
are ready to begin implementing one of the high availability levels that is suitable for
your environment. Use the following information roadmap to find implementation
instructions for each level.
Level
Where to find information
Level 1
Oracle Enterprise Manager Basic Installation Guide and the Oracle Enterprise
Manager Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Level 2
Oracle Enterprise Manager Basic Installation Guide and the Oracle Enterprise
Manager Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
PLUS
■
■
Level 3
Configuring the Cloud Control OMS in an Active/Passive Environment for
HA Failover Using Virtual Host Names
Configuring a Standby Database for the Management Repository
Oracle Enterprise Manager Basic Installation Guide and the Oracle Enterprise
Manager Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
PLUS
Level 4
■
Oracle Management Service High Availability
■
Configuring a Load Balancer
■
Configuring the Software Library
■
Installing Additional Management Services
■
Configuring a Standby Database for the Management Repository
Oracle Enterprise Manager Basic Installation Guide and the Oracle Enterprise
Manager Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
PLUS
■
Configuring a Standby Database for the Management Repository
■
Management Service Disaster Recovery
16-4 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
17
Enterprise Manager High Availability
17
This chapter discusses best practices for installation and configuration of each Cloud
Control component and covers the following topics:
■
Agent High Availability
■
Repository High Availability
■
Oracle Management Service High Availability
17.1 Agent High Availability
The following sections discuss best practices for installation and configuration of the
Management Agent.
17.1.1 Configuring the Management Agent to Automatically Start on Boot and Restart
on Failure
The Management Agent is started manually. It is important that the Management
Agent be automatically started when the host is booted to insure monitoring of critical
resources on the administered host. To that end, use any and all operating system
mechanisms to automatically start the Management Agent. For example, on UNIX
systems this is done by placing an entry in the UNIX /etc/init.d that calls the
Management Agent on boot or by setting the Windows service to start automatically.
17.1.2 Configuring Restart for the Management Agent
Once the Management Agent is started, the watchdog process monitors the
Management Agent and attempts to restart it in the event of a failure. The behavior of
the watchdog is controlled by environment variables set before the Management
Agent process starts. The environment variables that control this behavior follow. All
testing discussed here was done with the default settings.
■
■
EM_MAX_RETRIES – This is the maximum number of times the watchdog will
attempt to restart the Management Agent within the EM_RETRY_WINDOW. The
default is to attempt restart of the Management Agent three times.
EM_RETRY_WINDOW - This is the time interval in seconds that is used together
with the EM_MAX_RETRIES environmental variable to determine whether the
Management Agent is to be restarted. The default is 600 seconds.
The watchdog will not restart the Management Agent if the watchdog detects that the
Management Agent has required restart more than EM_MAX_RETRIES within the
EM_RETRY_WINDOW time period.
Enterprise Manager High Availability 17-1
Repository High Availability
17.1.3 Installing the Management Agent Software on Redundant Storage
The Management Agent persists its configuration, intermediate state and collected
information using local files in the Agent State Directory.
In the event that these files are lost or corrupted before being uploaded to the
Management Repository, a loss of monitoring data and any pending alerts not yet
uploaded to the Management Repository occurs.
To protect from such losses, configure the Agent State Directory on redundant storage.
The Agent State Directory can be determined by entering the command '$AGENT_
HOME/agent_inst/bin/emctl getemhome', or from the Agent Homepage in the Cloud
Control console.
17.2 Repository High Availability
The following sections document best practices for repository configuration.
17.2.1 General Best Practice for Repository High Availability
Before installing Enterprise Manager, you should prepare the database, which will be
used for setting up Management Repository. Install the database using Database
Configuration Assistant (DBCA) to make sure that you inherit all Oracle install best
practices.
■
Choose Automatic Storage Management (ASM) as the underlying storage
technology.
■
Enable ARCHIVELOG Mode
■
Enable Block Checksums
■
Configure the Size of Redo Log Files and Groups Appropriately
■
Use a Flash Recovery Area
■
Enable Flashback Database
■
Use Fast-Start Fault Recovery to Control Instance Recovery Time
■
Enable Database Block Checking
■
Set DISK_ASYNCH_IO
Use the MAA Advisor for additional high availability recommendations that should
be applied to the Management Repository. MAA Advisor can be accessed by selecting
Availability > MAA Advisor from the Homepage of the Repository Database.
See Oracle Database High Availability Best Practices for more information on these
and other best practices to ensure the database that hosts the Management Repository
is configured to provide required availability.
17.2.2 Configuring RAC for the Management Repository
If the Management Repository is a Real Application Cluster (RAC) database, the
Management Services should be configured with the appropriate connect strings.
SCAN connect strings are recommended to avoid reconfiguration of the Repository
connect descriptor following addition or removal of nodes in the Repository tier.
SERVICE_NAME should always be used in connect strings instead of SID_NAME
Refer to the Oracle Database Net Services Administrator's Guide for details.
17-2 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Oracle Management Service High Availability
The following example shows a connect string for Repository where database version
is lower than 11g Release 2.
(DESCRIPTION= (ADDRESS_LIST=(FAILOVER=ON)
(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=node1-vip.example.com)(PORT=1521))
(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=node2-vip.example.com)(PORT=1521))) (CONNECT_
DATA=(SERVICE_NAME=EMREP)))
The following example shows a connect string for Repository where database version
is 11g Release 2 or higher
(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=primary-cluster-scan.example.com)(PORT=1
521))(CON
NECT_DATA=(SERVER=DEDICATED)(SERVICE_NAME=PDB.example.com)))
The Repository connect descriptor is configured by running the emctl command from
Management Service. If you have multiple Management Services configured, this
command must be run on each Management Service.
emctl config oms -store_repos_details -repos_conndesc '(DESCRIPTION= (ADDRESS_
LIST=(FAILOVER=ON) (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=node1-vip.example.com)(PORT=1521))
(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=node2-vip.example.com)(PORT=1521))) (CONNECT_
DATA=(SERVICE_NAME=EMREP)))' -repos_user sysman
After updating the Repository connect descriptor, run the following command from
any one OMS to make the same change to the monitoring configuration used for the
Management Services and Repository target:
emctl config emrep -conn_desc <repository_connect descriptor as above>
17.3 Oracle Management Service High Availability
The following sections document configuring the OMS for high availability.
OMS high availability begins with ensuring there is at least one OMS available at any
given time. Depending upon your Recovery Time Objective (RTO), this can be
accomplished without downtime from loss of a node in an active/active configuration
by adding at least one additional OMS, or with limited downtime from loss of a node
in an active/passive configuration by ensuring that the OMS can be run with the same
address on a different server if the primary server fails. See Chapter 16, "High
Availability Solutions" for more details on architectural options for achieving high
availability.
Regardless of the manner selected to provide high availability, and the level of
availability selected for initial installation, there are a number of steps that can be
taken to best prepare the environment for a future move to higher levels of availability
including disaster recovery. See "Best Practices for Configuring the Cloud Control
OMS to be Compatible with Disaster Recovery using Alias Host Names and Storage
Replication" on page 17-4 for details on these steps.
To ensure OMS high availability, there also must be a sufficient number of OMSs to
support the size and scope of the environment managed by Enterprise Manager as
well as the scale and complexity of the usage of Enterprise Manager including the
number of administrators and the breadth of capability employed. See EM
Operational Considerations and Troubleshooting Whitepaper Master Index in
My Oracle Support note 1940179.1 for more information, including understanding
how to configure and monitor for availability and how to determine how many OMSs
are needed based on operational experience.
Enterprise Manager High Availability 17-3
Oracle Management Service High Availability
Once an environment requires more than one active OMS, whether to ensure sufficient
capacity for the environment or to prevent the downtime associated with failover to a
passive OMS, a Server Load Balancer (SLB) is required. A SLB provides a single
address for Management Agents and administrators to communicate with the set of
OMS servers, monitors the OMSs to know which OMSs are available, and routes the
communication to an available OMS.
It can be expensive to implement a SLB. If the environment does not need more than
one OMS to handle the processing requirements, and if the minutes of downtime
associated with an active/passive failover of the OMS meets RTO requirements, a SLB
is not required to provide high availability. The instructions in "Configuring the Cloud
Control OMS in an Active/Passive Environment for HA Failover Using Virtual Host
Names" on page 17-7 provide an example of how to configure for high availability
using a virtual IP address and shared storage.
If you need to add one or more additional OMSs to support your RTO and/or the
processing needs of the environment, see "Installing Additional Management Services"
on page 17-10. Once you've added additional OMS(s), see "Configuring Multiple
Management Services Behind a Server Load Balancer (SLB)" on page 17-10 for
information on how to configure multiple OMSs behind a SLB.
17.3.1 Best Practices for Configuring the Cloud Control OMS to be Compatible with
Disaster Recovery using Alias Host Names and Storage Replication
This section provides best practices for Cloud Control administrators who want to
install the Cloud Control OMS in a manner that will ensure compatibility with
Disaster Recovery using Alias Host Names and Storage Replication. This will reduce
the steps required to implement a Disaster Recovery configuration should it be
required at a future date. These best practices are applicable for every MAA high
availability level installation. Installing even a standalone OMS in a manner that
considers the needs of the highest MAA high availability level will provide the
greatest flexibility and easiest migration to higher MAA high availability levels in the
future.
17.3.1.1 Overview and Requirements
The following installation conditions must be met in order for a Cloud Control OMS
installation to support Disaster Recovery using alias host names and storage
replication:
■
■
■
■
■
The Middleware Home, OMS Instance Base, Agent Base, and Oracle Inventory
directories must be installed on storage that can be replicated to the standby site.
The installation of the OMS must be performed in a manner that maintains an
Alias Host Name that is the same for the primary and standby site hosts for the
OMS. This Alias Host Name allows the software to be configured such that the
same binaries and configuration can be used either on the OMS host at the
primary or standby site without changes.
The Middleware Home, OMS Instance Base, and Agent Base must be installed
using the Oracle Inventory location on the storage that can be replicated to the
standby site.
The software owner and time zone parameters must be the same on all nodes that
will host this Oracle Management Service (OMS).
The path to the Middleware, Instance, OMS Agent, and Oracle Inventory
directories must be the same on all nodes that will host this OMS.
17-4 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Oracle Management Service High Availability
17.3.1.2 Create an OMS installation base directory under ORACLE_BASE
To support disaster recovery, the Middleware Home, OMS Instance Base, Agent Base,
and Oracle Inventory directories must be installed on storage that can be replicated to
the standby site. Each of these directories is traditionally located directly underneath
ORACLE_BASE. Once an OMS is installed, its directory path cannot be changed.
Transitioning an installation with each of these directories located directly underneath
ORACLE_BASE to replicated storage later can add complications such as requiring the
ORACLE_BASE to be relocated to replicated storage to maintain the original directory
paths for the installed software, which would require any locally installed software
under that path to be uninstalled and reinstalled in an alternate local storage directory.
To provide the greatest flexibility for future storage migrations, create a directory
under ORACLE_BASE that will be the base directory for all OMS software, including
the Middleware Home, OMS Instance Base, Agent Base, and Oracle Inventory
directories. For example, if the ORACLE_BASE is /u01/app/oracle, create a new OMS
installation base directory, such as /u01/app/oracle/OMS. This directory will serve as
the mount point for the replicated storage. If the software is installed locally under this
directory, this directory can become a single mount point to the replicated storage
enabling a simple migration.
When providing and reviewing directory locations while installing the OMS, ensure
the Middleware Home, OMS Instance Base, Agent Base, and Oracle Inventory are
installed under this directory.
17.3.1.3 Configure an Alias Host Name
To support disaster recovery, a host at the primary site and a host at the standby site
must be capable of running with the same host name used in the OMS installation.
This can be accomplished using an alias host name.
Configure an alias host name to use in the installation using the guidance in "Planning
Host Names" in chapter 18. Option 2: Alias host names on both sites in this section
provides the greatest flexibility and is recommended as a best practice for new
installations.
To implement Option 2, specify the alias host name when installing the OMS, either by
using the ORACLE_HOSTNAME=<ALIAS_HOST_NAME> parameter or by
specifying the alias host name in the Host Name field in the OUI installation. For
example, include the following parameter on the runInstaller command line:
ORACLE_HOSTNAME=oms1.example.com
17.3.1.4 Configure an Oracle Inventory located under OMS installation base
directory
To support disaster recovery, a single OMS installation is shared by a host at the
primary site and a host at the standby site using replicated storage. Only the active
OMS mounts the replicated storage. Software maintenance activities may need to be
performed when either the primary or standby site is the active site. As such, it is
important to ensure that the Oracle Inventory containing the details of the installation
is available from either location.
To prevent the need to perform manual migration activities to move the OMS
installation from a local Oracle Inventory to a replicated storage Oracle Inventory,
create the Oracle Inventory under the OMS installation base directory.
Use the following steps to prepare the installer to set up an inventory located under
the OMS installation base directory:
1.
Create the OMS installation base directory.
Enterprise Manager High Availability 17-5
Oracle Management Service High Availability
2.
Create the Oracle Inventory directory under the new OMS installation base
directory:
$ cd <OMS installation base directory>
$ mkdir oraInventory
3.
Create the oraInst.loc file. This file contains the Oracle Inventory directory path
information needed by the Universal Installer.
$ cd oraInventory
$ vi oraInst.loc
Enter the path information to the Oracle Inventory directory and specify the group
of the software owner as the oinstall user. For example:
inventory_loc=/u01/app/oracle/OMS/oraInventory
inst_group=oinstall
Specify the Oracle Inventory under the OMS installation base directory when
installing the OMS by providing the -invPtrloc <oraInst.loc file with path> parameter
on the runInstaller command line, for example:
-invPtrloc /u01/app/oracle/OMS/oraInventory/oraInst.loc
The installer will create the inventory in the specified location. Use this inventory for
all installation, patching, and upgrade activities for this OMS and OMS agent.
17.3.1.5 Configure a Software Owner and Group that can be configured identically
on all nodes
Just as the OMSs at the primary site are installed using the same software owner and
group, to support disaster recovery, the software owner and group need to be
configured identically on the standby site OMS hosts. Ensure that both the owner
name and ID and the group name and ID selected for use at the primary site will also
be available for use at the standby site.
Verification that the user and group of the software owner are configured identically
on all OMS nodes can be performed using the 'id' command as in the example below:
$ id -a
uid=550(oracle) gid=50(oinstall) groups=501(dba)
17.3.1.6 Select a time zone that can be configured identically on all nodes
Just as the OMSs at the primary site are installed using the same time zone, to support
disaster recovery, the time zone should be configured identically on the standby site
OMS hosts. Select a time zone that can be used at both sites and ensure that the time
zone is the same on all OMS hosts.
17.3.1.7 Installation and Configuration
The following are high level installation steps that reinforce the best practices listed in
this section. Reference the detailed instructions in the Enterprise Manager Basic
Installation Guide for details on the installation steps, including required
pre-requisites and additional post installation operations.
If you are using an NFS mounted volume for the installation, please ensure that you
specify rsize and wsize in your mount command to prevent running into I/O issues.
17-6 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Oracle Management Service High Availability
For example:
nas.example.com:/export/share1 /u01/app/oracle/OMS nfs
rw,bg,rsize=32768,wsize=32768,hard,nointr,tcp,noacl,vers=3,timeo=600 0 0
Review the NFS Mount Point Location Requirements in Oracle
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide for
additional important NFS-related requirements.
Note:
Refer to the following steps when installing the software:
1.
Create an OMS installation base directory under ORACLE_BASE. If installing on
replicated storage now, ensure that the replicated storage is mounted to this
directory.
2.
Configure the Alias Host Names for all OMSs being installed on each of the OMS
hosts.
3.
Configure a Software Owner and Group that will be consistently defined on all
OMS hosts.
4.
Configure the time zone that will be consistently set on all OMS hosts.
5.
Follow the detailed preparation and installation instructions in Installing an
Enterprise Manager System in the Enterprise Manager Basic Installation Guide,
specifying the following information as part of the installation process:
1.
Ensure that the Middleware Home, OMS Instance Base, and Agent Base are
located under the OMS installation base directory.
2.
Specify the inventory location file and the Alias Host Name of the OMS. These
can be specified on the command line as in the following example:
$ runInstaller -invPtrloc
/u01/app/oracle/OMS/oraInventory/oraInst.loc ORACLE_
HOSTNAME=oms1.example.com
You can also provide the ORACLE_HOSTNAME when prompted for this
information from within the Enterprise Manager runInstaller UI.
6.
Continue the remainder of the installation.
17.3.2 Configuring the Cloud Control OMS in an Active/Passive Environment for HA
Failover Using Virtual Host Names
This section provides a general reference for Cloud Control administrators who want
to configure Enterprise Manager Cloud Control in Cold Failover Cluster (CFC)
environments.
17.3.2.1 Overview and Requirements
The following conditions must be met for Cloud Control to fail over to a different host:
■
■
■
The installation must be done using a Virtual Host Name and an associated
unique IP address.
Install on a shared disk/volume which holds the binaries and the gc_inst
directory.
The Inventory location must failover to the surviving node.
Enterprise Manager High Availability 17-7
Oracle Management Service High Availability
■
The software owner and time zone parameters must be the same on all cluster
member nodes that will host this Oracle Management Service (OMS).
17.3.2.2 Installation and Configuration
To override the physical host name of the cluster member with a virtual host name,
software must be installed using the parameter ORACLE_HOSTNAME.
The software must be installed using the command line parameter -invPtrLoc to point
to the shared inventory location file, which includes the path to the shared inventory
location.
If you are using an NFS mounted volume for the installation, please ensure that you
specify rsize and wsize in your mount command to prevent running into I/O issues.
For example:
nas.example.com:/export/share1 /u01/app/share1 nfs
rw,bg,rsize=32768,wsize=32768,hard,nointr,tcp,noac,vers=3,timeo=600 0 0
Any reference to shared failover volumes could also be true for
non-shared failover volumes which can be mounted on active hosts
after failover.
Note:
17.3.2.3 Setting Up the Virtual Host Name/Virtual IP Address
You can set up the virtual host name and virtual IP address by either allowing the
clusterware to set it up, or manually setting it up yourself before installation and
startup of Oracle services. The virtual host name must be static and resolvable
consistently on the network. All nodes participating in the setup must resolve the
virtual IP address to the same host name. Standard TCP tools such as nslookup and
traceroute can be used to verify the host name. Validate using the following commands:
nslookup <virtual hostname>
This command returns the virtual IP address and full qualified host name.
nslookup <virtual IP>
This command returns the virtual IP address and fully qualified host name.
Be sure to try these commands on every node of the cluster and verify that the correct
information is returned.
17.3.2.4 Setting Up Shared Storage
Storage can be managed by the clusterware that is in use or you can use any shared file
system (FS) volume, such as NFS, as long as it is not an unsupported type, such as
OCFS V1.
Only OCFS V1 is not supported. All other versions of OCFS
are supported.
Note:
If the OHS directory is on a shared storage, the LockFile directive in the httpd.conf file
should be modified to point to a local disk, otherwise there is a potential for locking
issues.
17-8 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Oracle Management Service High Availability
17.3.2.5 Setting Up the Environment
Some operating system versions require specific operating system patches be applied
prior to installing 12c. The user installing and using the 12c software must also have
sufficient kernel resources available. Refer to the operating system's installation guide
for more details. Before you launch the installer, certain environment variables need to
be verified. Each of these variables must be identically set for the account installing the
software on ALL machines participating in the cluster:
■
OS variable TZ
Time zone setting. You should unset this variable prior to installation.
■
PERL variables
Variables such as PERL5LIB should also be unset to avoid association to the
incorrect set of PERL libraries
17.3.2.6 Synchronizing Operating System IDs
The user and group of the software owner should be defined identically on all nodes
of the cluster. This can be verified using the 'id' command:
$ id -a
uid=550(oracle) gid=50(oinstall) groups=501(dba)
17.3.2.7 Setting Up Shared Inventory
Use the following steps to set up shared inventory:
1.
Create your new ORACLE_HOME directory.
2.
Create the Oracle Inventory directory under the new ORACLE_HOME:
$ cd <shared oracle home>
$ mkdir oraInventory
3.
Create the oraInst.loc file. This file contains the Oracle Inventory directory path
information needed by the Universal Installer.
vi oraInst.loc
Enter the path information to the Oracle Inventory directory and specify the group
of the software owner as the oinstall user. For example:
inventory_loc=/app/oracle/share1/oraInventory
inst_group=oinstall
17.3.2.8 Installing the Software
Refer to the following steps when installing the software:
1.
Create the shared disk location on both the nodes for the software binaries.
2.
Point to the inventory location file oraInst.loc (under the ORACLE_BASE in this
case), as well as specifying the host name of the virtual group. For example:
$ runInstaller -invPtrloc /app/oracle/share1/oraInst.loc ORACLE_
HOSTNAME=lxdb.example.com -debug
You can also provide the ORACLE_HOSTNAME when prompted for this
information from in Enterprise Manager runInstaller UI.
3.
Install Oracle Management Services on cluster member Host1.
Enterprise Manager High Availability 17-9
Oracle Management Service High Availability
4.
Continue the remainder of the installation normally.
5.
Once completed, copy the files oraInst.loc and oratab to /etc on all cluster member
hosts (Host2, Host3, ...)
17.3.2.9 Starting Up Services
Ensure that you start your services in the proper order. Use the order listed below:
1.
Establish the IP address on the active node.
2.
Start the TNS listener (if it is part of the same failover group).
3.
Start the database (if it is part of the same failover group).
4.
Start Cloud Control using emctl start oms
5.
Test functionality.
In case of failover, refer to "Performing Switchover and Failover Operations" on
page 18-17.
17.3.3 Installing Additional Management Services
There are two ways to install additional Management Services:
■
■
Using the "Add Oracle Management Service" Deployment Procedure (preferred
method). For more information about using this Deployment Procedure, see the
chapter on Adding Additional Oracle Management Services in the Oracle®
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.
Installing Additional Oracle Management Service in Silent Mode (alternative
method). For more information about silent mode installation, see the chapter on
Installing Additional OMSs in Silent Mode in the Oracle® Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide.
17.3.4 Configuring Multiple Management Services Behind a Server Load Balancer
(SLB)
The following sections discuss how to configure the OMS for high availability in an
Active/Active configuration using a Server Load Balancer.
17.3.4.1 Configuring the Software Library
The Software Library location must be accessible by all active Management Services. If
the Software Library is not configured during installation, it needs to be configured
post-install using the Enterprise Manager console:
1.
On the Enterprise Manager home page, from the Setup menu, select Provisioning
and Patching, and then select Software Library.
2.
Click the Provisioning subtab.
3.
On the Provisioning page, click the Administration subtab.
4.
In the Software Library Configuration section, click Add to set the Software
Library Directory Location to a shared storage that can be accessed by any
Management Service hosts.
17.3.4.2 Configuring a Load Balancer
This section describes the guidelines for setting up a Server Load Balancer (SLB) to
distribute the Agent and Browser traffic to available Management Services.
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Server Load Balancer Requirements
In order to configure your OMS's in an active/active configuration behind an SLB,
your SLB must meet the following requirements:
■
The SLB must provide support for multiple virtual server ports.
Depending on your configuration, you may require up to 5 ports on the SLB
(Secure Upload, Agent Registration, Secure Console, Unsecure Console, BI
Publisher)
■
Support for persistence.
HTTP and HTTPS traffic between the browser and the OMS requires persistence.
■
Support for application monitoring.
The SLB must be capable of monitoring the health of the OMSs and detecting
failures, so that requests will not be routed to OMSs that are not available.
SLB configuration is a two-step process:
1.
Configure the SLB.
2.
Make requisite changes on the Management Services.
17.3.4.2.1 SLB Side Setup Use the following table as reference for setting up the SLB
with Cloud Control Management Services.
Table 17–1
Management Service Ports
Pool Name
Load
Balancing
Virtual
Server
Name
pool_
gcsu4900
Round
Robin
vs_
gcsu4900
1159
mon_gcar4889
Active Cookie pool_
Insert
gcar4889
Round
Robin
vs_
gcar4889
4889
7799
mon_gcsc7799
Source IP
pool_
gcsc7799
Round
Robin
vs_
gcsc443
443
7788
mon_gcuc7788
Source IP
pool_
gcuc7788
Round
Robin
vs_gcuc80 80
Cloud Control
Service
TCP
Port
Monitor Name
Persistence
Secure Upload
1159
mon_gcsu4900
None
Agent
Registration
4889
Secure Console
Unsecure
Console
(optional)
Virtual
Server Port
Use the administration tools that are packaged with your SLB. A sample configuration
follows. This example assumes that you have two Management Services running on
host A and host B using the default ports as listed in Table 33–1.
1.
Create Pools
A pool is a set of servers grouped together to receive traffic on a specific TCP port
using a load balancing method. Each pool can have its own unique characteristic
for a persistence definition and the load-balancing algorithm used.
Enterprise Manager High Availability
17-11
Oracle Management Service High Availability
Table 17–2
Pools
Pool Name
Usage
Members
Persistence
Load Balancing
pool_gcsu4900
Secure upload
HostA:4900
HostB:4900
None
Round Robin
pool_gcar4889
Agent registration
HostA:4889
HostB:4889
Active cookie insert;
expiration 60 minutes
Round Robin
pool_gcsc7799
Secured console access
HostA:7799
HostB:7799
Source IP; expiration 60
minutes
Round Robin
pool_gcuc7788
(optional)
Unsecured console access
HostA:7788
HostB:7788
Source IP; expiration 60
minutes
Round Robin
2.
Create Virtual Servers
A virtual server, with its virtual IP Address and port number, is the clientaddressable hostname or IP address through which members of a load balancing
pool are made available to a client. After a virtual server receives a request, it
directs the request to a member of the pool based on a chosen load balancing
method.
Table 17–3
Virtual Servers
Virtual Server Name
Usage
Virtual Server Port
Pool
vs_gcsu4900
Secure upload
4900
pool_gcsu4900
vs_gcar4889
Agent registration
4889
pool_gcar4889
vs_gcsc443
Secure console access
443
pool_gcsc7799
vs_gcuc80 (optional)
Unsecure console access 80
3.
pool_gcuc7788
Create Monitors
Monitors are used to verify the operational state of pool members. Monitors verify
connections and services on nodes that are members of load-balancing pools. A
monitor is designed to check the status of a service on an ongoing basis, at a set
interval. If the service being checked does not respond within a specified timeout
period, the load balancer automatically takes it out of the pool and will choose the
other members of the pool. When the node or service becomes available again, the
monitor detects this and the member is automatically accessible to the pool and
able to handle traffic.
17-12 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Oracle Management Service High Availability
Table 17–4
Monitors
Monitor Name
Configuration
Associate With
mon_gcsu4900
Type: https
HostA:4900
HostB:4900
Interval: 60
Timeout: 181
Send String: GET /empbs/upload
Receive String: Http Receiver Servlet active!
mon_gcar4889
Type: http
HostA:4889
HostB:4889
Interval: 60
Timeout: 181
Send String: GET /empbs/genwallet
Receive String: GenWallet Servlet activated
mon_gcsc7799
Type: https
HostA:7799
HostB:7799
Interval: 5
Timeout: 16
Send String: GET /em/consoleStatus.jsp
Receive String: Enterprise Manager Console is UP
mon_gcuc7788 (optional) Type: http
HostA:7788
HostB:7788
Interval: 5
Timeout: 16
Send String: GET /em/consoleStatus.jsp
Receive String: Enterprise Manager Console is UP
mon_gcscbip7799
Type: https
Interval: 5
HostA:7799
HostB:7799
Timeout: 16
Send String: GET /xmlpserver/services
Receive String: getDocumentData
mon_gcucbip7788
Type: https
Interval: 5
HostA:7799
HostB:7799
Timeout: 16
Send String: GET /xmlpserver/services
Receive String: getDocumentData
Some Load Balancers require <CR><LF> characters to be
added explicitly to the Send String using literal "\r\n". This is
vendor-specific. Refer to your SLB documentation for details.
Note:
17.3.4.2.2
Enterprise Manager Side Setup
Perform the following steps:
1.
Resecure the Oracle Management Service
By default, the service name on the Management Service-side certificate uses the
name of the Management Service host. Management Agents do not accept this
certificate when they communicate with the Oracle Management Service through a
Enterprise Manager High Availability
17-13
Oracle Management Service High Availability
load balancer. You must run the following command to regenerate the certificate
on each Management Service:
emctl secure oms
-host slb.example.com
-secure_port 4900
-slb_port 4900
-slb_console_port 443
-console
[-lock] [-lock_console]
Output:
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 4
Copyright (c) 1996, 2014 Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved.
Securing OMS... Started.
Enter Enterprise Manager Root (SYSMAN) Password :
Enter Agent Registration Password :
Securing OMS... Successful
Restart OMS
2.
Resecure all Management Agents
Management Agents that were installed prior to SLB setup, including the
Management Agent that comes with the Management Service install, would be
uploading directly to the Management Service. These Management Agents will
not be able to upload after SLB is setup. Resecure these Management Agents to
upload to the SLB by running the following command on each Management
Agent:
emctl secure agent –emdWalletSrcUrl https://slb.example.com:<upload port>/em
17.3.4.2.3
Configuring SSL on Enterprise Manager and the SLB (Release 12.1.0.2 and later)
If the SLB is configured to use Third-Party/Custom SSL certificates, you must ensure
that the CA certificates are properly configured in order for the trust relationship to be
maintained between the Agent, SLB, and the OMS. Specifically, the following must be
carried out:
■
Import the CA certificates of the SLB into the OMS trust store.
■
Copy the Enterprise Manager CA certificates to the trust store of the SLB
Enterprise Manager uses the default Enterprise Manager certificates and not the
Custom certificates. In order for Agents to upload information successfully to the OMS
through the SLB, these custom trusted certificates need to be copied/imported to the
trust store of the OMS and Agents
The following procedures illustrate the process used to secure the 12c OMS and Agent
when an SLB is configured with Third Party/Custom SSL certificates.
Verifying the SSL Certificate used at the SLB
Perform the following steps to determine whether the SLB is using different
certificates than the OMS:
1.
To check the certificate chain used by any URL, run the following command:
<OMS_HOME>/bin>./emctl secdiag openurl -url <HTTPS URL>
To check the certificates used by the SLB URL, run the following command:
<OMS_HOME>/bin>./emctl secdiag openurl -url https://<SLB
Hostname>:<HTTPS Upload port>/empbs/upload
17-14 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Oracle Management Service High Availability
To check the certificates used by the OMS URL, run the following command:
<OMS_HOME>/bin>./emctl secdiag openurl -url https://<OMS
Hostname>:<HTTPS Upload port>/empbs/upload
2.
If the default Enterprise Manager self-signed certificates are used in the SLB, the
output of both the commands will appear as follows:
Issuer : CN=<OMS Hostname>, C=US, ST=CA, L=EnterpriseManager on <OMS
Hostname>, OU=EnterpriseManager on <OMS Hostname>,
O=EnterpriseManager on <OMS Hostname>
3.
If a custom or self-signed SSL certificate is used in the SLB, then output of the
command executed with the SLB Name will provide details shown here:
Issuer : CN=Entrust Certification Authority - L1C, OU="(c) 2014 Entrust, Inc.",
OU=www.entrust.net/rpa is incorporated by reference, O="Entrust, Inc.", C=US
In this example, the SLB is using the custom certificate (CN=Entrust Certification
Authority - L1C, OU="(c) 2014 Entrust, Inc."), which needs to be imported as
trusted certificate into the OMS.
4.
If OpenSSL is available on the OS, you can also check the value of CN by running
the following command:
$openssl s_client -connect <HOSTNAME>:<PORT>
Importing the SSL Certificate of the SLB to the Trust Store of the OMS and Agent
1.
Export the SLB certificate in base64 format to a text file named: customca.txt.
2.
Secure the OMS:
cd <OMS_HOME>/bin>
./emctl secure oms -host <SLB Host name> -secure_port <HTTPS Upload
Port> -slb_port <SLB upload Port> -slb_console_port <SLB Console port>
-console -trust_certs_loc <path to customca.txt>
All the OMS’s behind the SLB need to be secured using the
emctl secure oms command.
Note:
The CA certificate of the OMS is present in the <EM_INSTANCE_
HOME>/em/EMGC_OMS1/sysman/config/b64LocalCertificate.txt file
and needs to be copied to the SSL trust store of the SLB.
3.
Restart all the OMS:
cd <OMS_HOME>/bin
emctl stop oms -all
emctl start oms
4.
Secure all the Agents pointing to this Enterprise Manager setup:
cd <AGENT_HOME>/bin
./emctl secure agent –emdWalletSrcUrl <SLB Upload URL>
Enterprise Manager High Availability
17-15
Oracle Management Service High Availability
17-16 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
18
Enterprise Manager Disaster Recovery
18
While the high availability solutions described in the previous chapter typically
protect against component failure or system-level problems, in many enterprises it is
also necessary to protect Enterprise Manager against larger outages such as
catastrophic data center failure due to natural disasters, fire, electrical failure,
evacuation, or pervasive sabotage.
Maximum Availability Architecture for Enterprise Manager involves deploying a
remote failover architecture that allows a secondary data center to take over the
management infrastructure in the event that disaster strikes the primary management
infrastructure.
The recommended approach for OMS Disaster Recovery
differs according to the version of Enterprise Manager.
Note:
For Cloud Control 12.1.0.2 and earlier - Standby OMSs using Standby
WebLogic Domain should be used. See Appendix I, "Standby OMSs
Using Standby WebLogic Domain" for more information
For Cloud Control 12.1.0.3 and later - Standby OMSs using Storage
Replication is the preferred approach and is discussed in this chapter.
BI Publisher server configuration is not supported on standby OMSs
using Standby Weblogic Domain for Cloud Control 12.1.0.4 and later.
Advantages of Standby OMSs using Storage Replication are:
■
OMS patching and upgrade only needs to be performed at one site.
■
Plug-ins only need to be managed at one site.
This chapter covers the following topics:
■
Disaster Recovery Overview and Topology
■
Design Considerations
■
Setting Up Management Repository Disaster Recovery
■
Setting Up the OMS, Bi Publisher Shared Storage and Software Library Disaster
Recovery
■
Performing Switchover and Failover Operations
■
Keeping the Standby Site in Sync with the Primary
■
Disaster Recovery Solution with ACFS Replication
Enterprise Manager Disaster Recovery 18-1
Disaster Recovery Overview and Topology
18.1 Disaster Recovery Overview and Topology
The Disaster Recovery solution for a Cloud Control deployment involves replication of
the OMS, Software Library and Repository components at a standby site. This solution
can be combined with the high availability solution described in the previous chapter
to ensure that failures ranging from component failure to a complete site outage can be
recovered from with minimal disruption to the availability of Cloud Control.
A complete implementation of the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control combining the
High Availability design from the previous chapter with the Disaster Recovery
described in this chapter solution is shown in the following figure.
Figure 18–1 High Availability with Disaster Recovery Topology
Key aspects of the DR solution shown in the figure are:
■
■
■
■
The solution has two sites. The Primary Site is running and active, while the
Standby Site is in passive mode.
The traffic from the Enterprise Manager users and Agents is directed to the
Primary Site by a Global Load Balancer or a DNS entry that resolves to an IP
address hosted at the Primary Site.
The Standby Site is similar to the Primary Site in terms of hardware and network
resources which ensures there will be no loss of performance when failover
happens.
It is not necessary to perform an OMS installation at the Standby Site. Oracle
Inventory, OMS Software, Agent and Software Library and all located on
replicated storage. When the Production Site storage is replicated at the Standby
Site the equivalent data are written to the Standby Site
18-2 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Design Considerations
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
The OMS hostnames must resolve to the IP addresses of the Primary OMSs when
queried from the Primary Site and to the IP addresses of the corresponding
standby hosts when queried from the Standby Site.
OMS software, Oracle Inventory, Software Library and Agent binaries and
configuration files for all OMS(s) are on replicated storage.
OMS hosts on each site access the replicated storage using the same mount points
Replication between the sites takes place should take place at regular scheduled
intervals and following configuration changes.
Oracle Data Guard Physical Standby is used to replicate the Repository database
at the standby site.
There must be sufficient network bandwidth between the primary and standby
sites to handle peak redo data generation.
When there is a failure or planned outage of the Primary Site, you perform the
following steps to enable the Standby Site to assume the Primary role in the
topology:
–
Stop OMSs at the primary site
–
Perform on-demand replication of storage (if primary site is available)
–
Failover/switchover of the database to the standby site
–
Reverse storage replication and activate replicated storage read/write at
standby site
–
Start OMSs at standby site
–
Update DNS or global load balancer to re-route user requests to the standby
site. At this point, the standby site has assumed the production role.
18.2 Design Considerations
This section discusses design considerations for a Cloud Control Disaster Recovery
solution for an enterprise deployment.
The following topics are covered:
■
Network Considerations
■
Storage Considerations
■
Database Considerations
■
Starting Points
18.2.1 Network Considerations
The following sections discuss network considerations that must be taken into account
when implementing standby Management Services using storage replication
18.2.1.1 Planning Host Names
In a Disaster Recovery topology, the production site host names must be resolvable to
the IP addresses of the corresponding peer systems at the standby site. Therefore, it is
important to plan the host names for the production site and standby site. After
switchover or failover from a primary site to a standby site, it should be possible to
start applications on the standby hosts without requiring you to change the hostname
for hosts on the standby site.
Enterprise Manager Disaster Recovery 18-3
Design Considerations
This can be achieved in either of the following ways:
■
■
Option 1: Physical host names on primary site and alias on standby site: OMSs at
the primary site are configured using physical host names and aliases for these
host names are configured on the corresponding hosts at the standby site.
Option 2: Alias host names on both sites: OMSs at the primary site are configured
using an alias host name that can be configured at both the primary and standby
sites.
The choice between these options would depend on your network infrastructure and
corporate policies. From a setup procedure perspective, Option 1 is easier to
implement if you have an existing single site Cloud Control installation which uses the
physical host names as it does not require any transformation of your existing site to
setup DR. Option 2 is easier to implement if you are setting up a new Cloud Control
installation and start with alias host names or you have an existing Cloud Control
installation using alias host names.
If using Option 2, you should set ORACLE_HOSTNAME as
the Alias host name when invoking the installer. For example:
Note:
$ runInstaller ORACLE_HOSTNAME=oms1.example.com
You can also provide the ORACLE_HOSTNAME when prompted for
this information from in Enterprise Manager runInstaller UI.
Host name resolution at each site can be done using either local resolution (/etc/hosts)
or DNS based resolution or a combination of both. The following examples use these
physical host names and IP addresses:
HOSTNAME
oms1-p.example.com
oms2-p.example.com
oms1-s.example.com
oms2-s.example.com
IP ADDRESS
123.1.2.111
123.1.2.112
123.2.2.111
123.2.2.112
DESCRIPTION
Physical host
Physical host
Physical host
Physical host
for
for
for
for
OMS1
OMS2
OMS1
OMS2
on
on
on
on
Primary
Primary
Standby
Standby
site
site
site
site
If using local resolution for either Option 1 or Option 2, ensure
that the /etc/hosts file on each OMS at a site where alias host names
are being used contains the physical and alias host names for all OMSs
at the site as depicted in the examples below.
Note:
Example for Option 1: /etc/hosts configurations when OMSs are installed at primary
site using primary site physical host names (oms1-p.example.com and
oms2-p.example.com):
Primary Site
127.0.0.1
123.1.2.111
123.1.2.112
localhost.localdomain
oms1-p.example.com
oms2-p.example.com
localhost
oms1-p #OMS1
oms2-p #OMS2
localhost.localdomain
oms1-s.example.com
oms2-s.example.com
localhost
oms1-s
oms2-s
Standby Site
127.0.0.1
123.2.2.111
123.2.2.112
oms1-p.example.com #OMS1
oms2-p.example.com #OMS2
18-4 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Design Considerations
If the network has been configured correctly, a ping of the OMS host name from the
primary site should result in a reply from the primary host, and a ping of the OMS
host name from the standby site should result in a reply from the standby host.
Ping results from primary site (reply from primary site):
[oracle@oms1-p ~]$ ping oms1-p.example.com
PING oms1-p.example.com (123.1.2.111) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from oms1-p.example.com (123.1.2.111): icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.018 ms
64 bytes from oms1-p.example.com (123.1.2.111): icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.020 ms
64 bytes from oms1-p.example.com (123.1.2.111): icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=0.022 ms
Ping results from standby site (reply from standby site)
[oracle@oms1-s ~]$ ping oms1-p.example.com
PING oms1-s.example.com (123.2.2.111) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from oms1-s.example.com (123.2.2.111): icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.018 ms
64 bytes from oms1-s.example.com (123.2.2.111): icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.020 ms
64 bytes from oms1-s.example.com (123.2.2.111): icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=0.022 ms
Example for Option 2: /etc/hosts configuration when OMSs are installed using alias
host names (oms1.example.com and oms2.example.com):
Primary Site
127.0.0.1
123.1.2.111
123.1.2.112
localhost.localdomain
oms1-p.example.com
oms2-p.example.com
localhost
oms1-p
oms2-p
oms1.example.com #OMS1
oms2.example.com #OMS2
localhost
oms1-s
oms2-s
oms1.example.com #OMS1
oms2.example.com #OMS2
Standby Site
127.0.0.1
123.2.2.111
123.2.2.112
localhost.localdomain
oms1-s.example.com
oms2-s.example.com
If the network has been configured correctly, a ping of the OMS host name from the
primary site should result in a reply from the primary host, and a ping of the OMS
host name from the standby site should result in a reply from the standby host.
Example:
Ping results from primary site (reply from primary site):
[oracle@oms1-p ~]$ ping oms1.example.com
PING oms1-p.example.com (123.1.2.111) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from oms1-p.example.com (123.1.2.111): icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.018 ms
64 bytes from oms1-p.example.com (123.1.2.111): icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.020 ms
64 bytes from oms1-p.example.com (123.1.2.111): icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=0.022 ms
Ping results from standby site (reply from standby site)
[oracle@oms1-s ~]$ ping oms1.example.com
PING oms1-s.example.com (123.2.2.111) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from oms1-s.example.com (123.2.2.111): icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.018 ms
64 bytes from oms1-s.example.com (123.2.2.111): icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.020 ms
64 bytes from oms1-s.example.com (123.2.2.111): icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=0.022 ms
18.2.1.2 Load Balancers Consideration
If there is more than one OMS at each site, both Primary and Standby Sites require
their own server load balancer. See "Configuring a Load Balancer". The SLB pools on
each site will reference the IP addresses of the respective OMS hosts.
Enterprise Manager Disaster Recovery 18-5
Design Considerations
18.2.1.3 Application Virtual Host Name Consideration
A hostname through which the Cloud Control clients (agents and users) should access
Cloud Control is required. When the primary site is active, this hostname should be
configured in DNS to resolve to the IP address hosted by the primary site SLB. When
the standby site is activated, the DNS entry should be updated so that the hostname
resolves to the IP address hosted by the standby site SLB.
A sample DNS configuration for the Cloud Control application hostname when using
multiple OMSs with an SLB at each site is shown in the table below:
Table 18–1
DNS Configuration
DNS NAME
DNS RECORD
TYPE
em.example.com
CNAME
VALUE
COMMENTS
slb_primary.example.com Virtual Hostname used by
Cloud Control clients to
communicate with
Management Service.
Should point to the
currently active site.
slb_primary.example.com A
123.1.2.110
Primary Site SLB address
slb_standby.example.com A
123.2.2.110
Standby Site SLB address
The DNS switchover can be accomplished by either using a global load balancer or
manually changing DNS names.
■
■
A global load balancer can provide authoritative DNS name server equivalent
capabilities. One advantage of using a global load balancer is that the time for a
new name-to-IP mapping to take effect can be almost immediate. The downside is
that an additional investment must be made for the global load balancer
Manually changing the DNS names. To ensure that DNS records cached by the
Cloud Control clients are updated in a timely fashion after an update, it is
recommended to set the TTL for the em.example.com CNAME to a low value such
as 60 seconds. This will ensure that DNS changes will quickly propagate to all
clients. However due to the shortened caching period, an increase in DNS requests
can be observed.
18.2.2 Storage Considerations
The Disaster Recovery solution for a Cloud Control deployment involves installing the
Software Library, OMS installation, Agent installation and Oracle inventory on
replicated storage.
Storage Replication Requirements
Your chosen method of storage replication should support the following:
■
Snapshots and consistent filesystem copies
■
Ability to perform scheduled and on-demand replication between sites
The following section details the storage structure recommended by Oracle.
■
■
Create one volume per OMS host.
Mount the above volumes to each OMS host using the same mount point e.g.
/u01/app/oracle/OMS. On each host, this volume would contain the OMS
installation, Agent installation and Oracle inventory.
18-6 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Design Considerations
■
■
■
■
Create a consistency group for the above volumes so that consistent replication
can be done for all the volumes.
Create one volume for the software library. This volume must be mounted
simultaneously to all the OMS hosts using the same mount point. For example,
/swlib.
Create one volume for the BIP. This volume must be mounted simultaneously to
all OMS hosts using the same mount point. For example, /bip.
Decide on appropriate replication frequency for the OMS file systems, software
library and BIP based on your infrastructure. Oracle recommends a minimum
frequency of 24 hours for the OMS file system and continuous or hourly
replication for the software library.
Once these volumes are mounted, ensure that the mounted directories are owned by
the Oracle Software Owner User (typically, oracle) and the Oracle Inventory Group
(typically, oinstall), and that the Oracle Software Owner User has read and write access
to the directories.
Example: The following table shows an example configuration.
Table 18–2
Storage Configuration
Volume
Mounted on Host
Mount Point
Comments
VOLOMS1
oms1-p.example.com
/u01/app/or Installation of
acle/OMS
Enterprise
Manager on
Primary Site OMS1
VOLOMS2
oms2-p.example.com
/u01/app/or Installation of
acle/OMS
Enterprise
Manager on
Primary Site OMS2
VOLSWLIB
oms1-p.example.com and
oms2-p.example.com
/swlib
Software library on
Primary Site OMS1
and OMS2
VOLBIP
oms1-p.example.com and
oms2-p.example.com
/bip
BIP Shared Storage
on Primary Site
OMS1 and OMS2
(If BIP is
configured.)
18.2.3 Database Considerations
This section provides the recommendations and considerations for setting up
Repository databases for Disaster Recovery.
■
■
■
Oracle recommends creating Real Application Cluster databases on both the
production site and standby site.
The Oracle Data Guard configuration used should be decided based on the data
loss requirements of the database as well as the network considerations such as the
available bandwidth and latency when compared to the redo generation. Make
sure that this is determined correctly before setting up the Oracle Data Guard
configuration.
To enable Data Guard to restart instances during the course of broker operations, a
service with a specific name must be statically registered with the local listener of
each instance.
Enterprise Manager Disaster Recovery 18-7
Design Considerations
■
■
■
To enable the most effective use of dgmgrl for Repository database switchover and
failover operations, the TNS aliases for all primary and standby Repository
databases must be added to the tnsnames.ora file under the ORACLE_HOME of
each database instance.
It is strongly recommended to force Data Guard to perform manual database
synchronization whenever middle tier synchronization is performed. This is
especially true for components that store configuration data in the metadata
repositories.
Once the connect descriptor is selected based on the recommendations discussed
in Section 18.2.3.1, "Considerations Where Oracle Database Versions are Lower
than 11g Release 2" and Section 18.2.3.2, "Considerations Where Oracle Database
Versions are 11g Release 2 or Higher," run the following command on each OMS at
the primary site to configure the connect descriptor.
emctl config oms -store_repos_details -repos_conndesc <connect descriptor>
-repos_user <username>
The following usage example follows the connect descriptor recommendation
discussed in Section 18.2.3.2.
emctl config oms -store_repos_details -repos_conndesc "(DESCRIPTION_LIST=(LOAD_
BALANCE=off)(FAILOVER=on)(DESCRIPTION=(CONNECT_TIMEOUT=5)(TRANSPORT_CONNECT_
TIMEOUT=3)(RETRY_COUNT=3)(ADDRESS_LIST=(LOAD_
BALANCE=on)(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=primary_cluster_
scan.example.com)(PORT=1521)))(CONNECT_DATA=(SERVICE_
NAME=haemrep.example.com)))(DESCRIPTION=(CONNECT_TIMEOUT=5)(TRANSPORT_CONNECT_
TIMEOUT=3)(RETRY_COUNT=3)(ADDRESS_LIST=(LOAD_
BALANCE=on)(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=standby_cluster_
scan.example.com)(PORT=1521)))(CONNECT_DATA=(SERVICE_
NAME=haemrep.example.com))))" -repos_user SYSMAN
18.2.3.1 Considerations Where Oracle Database Versions are Lower than 11g
Release 2
It is strongly recommended to set up aliases for the database host names on both the
production and standby sites. This enables seamless switchovers, switchbacks and
failovers. For example:
Site
Repository Host Names Repository Connect String
Primary
repos1-p.example.com
(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS_
LIST=(FAILOVER=ON)(ADDRESS=(PROT
OCOL=TCP)(HOST=repos1-p.example.co
m)(PORT=1521))(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL
=TCP)(HOST=repos2-p.example.com)(POR
T=1521)))(CONNECT_DATA=(SERVICE_
NAME=EMREP)))
repos2-p.example.com
Standby
repos1-s.example.com
(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS_
LIST=(FAILOVER=ON)(ADDRESS=(PROT
OCOL=TCP)(HOST=repos1-s.example.com
)(PORT=1521))(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=T
CP)(HOST=repos2-s.example.com)(PORT=
1521)))(CONNECT_DATA=(SERVICE_
NAME=EMREP)))
repos2-s.example.com
18-8 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Design Considerations
In the above example, after a failover or switchover operation, the OMS on the
standby site must be switched to use the standby repository connection string. You can
avoid changing of connect strings by optionally setting up a host name alias for the
repository database hosts. For example:
Site
Repository Host Names Host Name Alias
Primary
repos1-p.example.com
repos1.example.com
repos2-p.example.com
repos2.example.com
repos1-s.example.com
repos1.example.com
repos2-s.example.com
repos2.example.com
Standby
Thus the connect string on each site can be the same, alleviating the need to do a
change during failover or switchover.
(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS_
LIST=(FAILOVER=ON)(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=repos1.example.com)(
PORT=1521))(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=repos2.example.com)(PORT=152
1)))(CONNECT_DATA=(SERVICE_NAME=EMREP))).
18.2.3.2 Considerations Where Oracle Database Versions are 11g Release 2 or
Higher
Oracle Database 11g Release 2 introduces two technologies that together dramatically
improve the simplicity of connection string management for Repository databases for
Disaster Recovery: Single Client Access Name (SCAN) addresses and role-based
database services.
SCAN addresses provide a single address for a RAC cluster, eliminating the need to
specify multiple VIP addresses in the connection string. For more information on
SCAN addresses, please see the Oracle Clusterware Administration and Deployment
Guide.
Role-based database services allow the creation of a database service that will run on a
RAC cluster based on the role of the database without requiring the administrator to
create and maintain database triggers to manage the database service. With a
role-based database service, Oracle Clusterware will automatically start and stop the
database service based upon the specified role (Primary or Standby). For more
information on role-based database services, please see the Oracle Real Application
Clusters Administration and Deployment Guide and the Client Failover Best
Practices for Highly Available Oracle Databases: Oracle Database 12c
technical whitepaper.
Combining these two technologies allows the creation of a Repository connection
string that contains a single entry for the primary database and a single entry for the
standby database. This connection string can be used from both the primary and
standby sites, which removes the need to manually change the connection string
during switchover or failover operations.
To create a role-based database service for use in connecting to the repository in a
Level 4 MAA configuration, perform commands similar to the following to create the
database service on both primary and standby clusters.
Primary cluster:
srvctl add service -d emrepa -s haemrep.example.com -l PRIMARY -r
emrepa1,emrepa2
Enterprise Manager Disaster Recovery 18-9
Design Considerations
Standby cluster:
srvctl add service -d emreps -s haemrep.example.com -l PRIMARY -r
emreps1,emreps2
Perform the following on a node of the primary cluster to start the service initially.
srvctl start service -d emrepa -s haemrep.example.com
The role-based database service is now active and will run on whichever cluster hosts
the active database.
Oracle recommends the use of a connection string similar to the following in an
environment using Oracle Database 11.2, Data Guard, and RAC, replacing the names
of the scan addresses for each cluster and the role-based database service name with
the appropriate values in your environment:
(DESCRIPTION_LIST=(LOAD_BALANCE=off)(FAILOVER=on)(DESCRIPTION=(CONNECT_
TIMEOUT=5)(TRANSPORT_CONNECT_TIMEOUT=3)(RETRY_COUNT=3)(ADDRESS_LIST=(LOAD_
BALANCE=on)(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=primary-cluster-scan.example.com)(
PORT=1521)))(CONNECT_DATA=(SERVICE_
NAME=haemrep.example.com)))(DESCRIPTION=(CONNECT_TIMEOUT=5)(TRANSPORT_
CONNECT_TIMEOUT=3)(RETRY_COUNT=3)(ADDRESS_LIST=(LOAD_
BALANCE=on)(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=standby-cluster-scan.example.com)(
PORT=1521)))(CONNECT_DATA=(SERVICE_NAME=haemrep.example.com))))
18.2.4 Starting Points
Before setting up the standby site, the administrator must evaluate the starting point of
the project. The starting point for designing an Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Disaster Recovery topology is usually one of the following:
■
■
■
The primary site is already created, standby site is being planned
The primary site is already created, standby site is already created using the
deprecated "Standby WLS Domain" method
No installation exists, both primary and standby sites are being planned
18.2.4.1 The primary site is already created, standby site is being planned
When the starting point is an existing primary site, the OMS installation for the
primary site already exist on the file system. Also, the host names, ports, and user
accounts are already defined. The following procedure must be used to transform the
site and prepare it for Disaster Recovery topology.
1.
Review the Network Considerations and plan your host names
If using option 1, no host name changes are required on the primary site. Prepare
your standby site hosts by adding appropriate alias host names.
If using option 2, change the OMS host name to move your existing OMS
installation to use alias host names. Prepare your standby site hosts by adding the
appropriate alias host names.
2.
Review the Storage Considerations and move your OMS installation to shared
storage
Migrate the primary site to shared storage. See "Migrating an Existing Site to
Shared Storage" on page 18-16.
3.
Review the Database considerations and plan your repository host names and
connect descriptors
18-10 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Setting Up Management Repository Disaster Recovery
To achieve seemless failover/switchover consider if you want to use hostname
alias for the repository database. If so, migrate your repository database to use
alias hostname.
4.
Now that your primary site is ready, use the procedures in ""Setting Up
Management Repository Disaster Recovery" on page 18-11 and "Setting Up the
OMS, Bi Publisher Shared Storage and Software Library Disaster Recovery" on
page 18-13 to complete the DR setup.
18.2.4.2 The primary site is already created, standby site is already created using
the deprecated "Standby WLS Domain" method.
1.
Use the deleting standby OMS procedure to delete the Standby OMS. See
Removing Additional Standby OMS Instances in the Enterprise Manager Advanced
Installation and Configuration Guide.
2.
Use the procedure documented in "The primary site is already created, standby
site is being planned" on page 18-10.
18.2.4.3 No installation exists, both primary and standby sites are being planned
When you are designing a new primary site (not using a pre-existing primary site), its
easier as the site planning can be done before starting the installation of software.
1.
Review the Network Considerations and plan your host names.
2.
Review the Storage Considerations and prepare your storage volumes.
3.
Review the Database Considerations and prepare your repository host names.
4.
Perform your primary site installation using the procedures in Chapter 17,
"Enterprise Manager High Availability," taking care to use the correct host names
and installing on the shared storage.
5.
Now that your primary site is ready, see the following sections for procedures to
complete the DR setup.
■
■
Setting Up Management Repository Disaster Recovery
Setting Up the OMS, Bi Publisher Shared Storage and Software Library
Disaster Recovery
18.3 Setting Up Management Repository Disaster Recovery
The Management Repository should use Data Guard as a Disaster Recovery solution.
18.3.1 Configuring a Standby Database for the Management Repository
The following steps describe the procedure for setting up a standby Management
Repository database.
1.
Prepare Standby Management Repository hosts for Data Guard.
Install a Management Agent on each of the standby Management Repository
hosts. Configure the Management Agents to upload by the SLB on the primary
site. Install Grid infrastructure and RAC Database software on the standby
Management Repository hosts. The version used must be the same as that on the
primary site.
2.
Prepare the primary Management Repository database for Data Guard.
Enterprise Manager Disaster Recovery
18-11
Setting Up Management Repository Disaster Recovery
If the primary Management Repository database is not already configured, enable
archive log mode, setup flash recovery area and enable flashback database on the
primary Management Repository database.
Ensure that the database is put into FORCE LOGGING mode
to prevent standby database corruption during upgrades.
Note:
When the primary Management Repository database is in FORCE
LOGGING mode, all database changes are logged except for those in
temporary tablespaces and temporary segments. FORCE LOGGING
mode ensures that the standby database remains consistent with the
primary Management Repository database.
3.
Create the Physical Standby Database.
Use the Enterprise Manager console to set up a physical standby database in the
standby environment. The Standby Management Repository database must be a
Physical Standby. Logical standby Management Repository databases are not
supported.
The Enterprise Manager console does not support creating a standby RAC
database. If the standby database has to be RAC, configure the standby database
using a single instance and then use the 'Convert to RAC' option from the
Enterprise Manager Console to convert the single instance standby database to
RAC. Note that the Convert to RAC option is available for Oracle Database
releases 10.2.0.5, 11.1.0.7, and above. Oracle Database release 11.1.0.7 requires
patch 8824966 for the Convert to RAC option to work.
During single instance standby creation, best practice is to create the database files
on shared storage, ideally ASM, to facilitate conversion to RAC later.
4.
Add Static Service to the Listener.
To enable Data Guard to restart instances during the course of broker operations, a
service with a specific name must be statically registered with the local listener of
each instance. The value for the GLOBAL_DBNAME attribute must be set to a
concatenation of <db_unique_name>_DGMGRL.<db_domain>. For example, in
the LISTENER.ORA file:
SID_LIST_LISTENER=(SID_LIST=(SID_DESC=(SID_NAME=sid_name)
(GLOBAL_DBNAME=db_unique_name_DGMGRL.db_domain)
(ORACLE_HOME=oracle_home)))
5.
Enable Flashback Database on the Standby Database.
To allow re-instate of an old primary database as a standby database after a
failover, flashback database must be enabled. Hence do so for both the primary
and the standby databases.
6.
To allow Enterprise Manager to monitor a Physical Standby database (which is
typically in a mounted state), specify sysdba monitoring privileges. This can be
specified either during the Standby creation wizard itself or post creation by
modifying the Monitoring Configuration for the standby database target.
7.
Verify the Physical Standby
Verify the Physical Standby database through the Enterprise Manager Console.
Click the Log Switch button on the Data Guard page to switch log and verify that
it is received and applied to the standby database.
18-12 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Setting Up the OMS, Bi Publisher Shared Storage and Software Library Disaster Recovery
18.4 Setting Up the OMS, Bi Publisher Shared Storage and Software
Library Disaster Recovery
The Disaster Recovery solution for a Cloud Control deployment involves installing the
Software Library, OMS installation, Agent installation and Oracle inventory on
replicated filesystem. This solution can also involve configuring BI Publisher shared
storage.
Standby OMSs implemented using Standby WebLogic Domain are still supported but
have been deprecated and may be desupported in a future release (see My Oracle
Support Note 1563541.1 for details). The recommended method for creating Standby
OMSs is to use storage replication as documented in this chapter. Creating standby
OMSs using a Standby WebLogic Domain is documented in Appendix I, "Standby
OMSs Using Standby WebLogic Domain."
Storage Replication Requirements
Your chosen method of storage replication should support the following:
■
Snapshots and consistent filesystem copies
■
Ability to perform an on-demand replication between sites
18.4.1 Management Service Disaster Recovery
1.
Ensure that the primary OMS host names are resolvable to the IP addresses of the
corresponding standby hosts at the standby site. This can be achieved in either of
the following ways:
■
■
By installing OMSs at the primary site using physical host names and
configuring aliases for these host names on the corresponding hosts at the
standby site.
By installing each OMS using an alias host name that can be configured at
both the primary and standby sites.
Host name resolution at each site can be done using either local resolution
(/etc/hosts) or DNS based resolution or a combination of both.
Example /etc/hosts configurations when OMSs are installed at primary site using
primary site physical host names (oms1-p.example.com and
oms2-p.example.com):
Primary Site
127.0.0.1
123.1.2.111
123.1.2.112
localhost.localdomain
oms1-p.example.com oms1-p #OMS1
oms2-p.example.com oms2-p #
Standby Site
127.0.0.1
123.2.2.111
123.2.2.112
localhost.localdomain
oms1-s.example.com oms1-s oms1-p.example.com #OMS1
oms2-s.example.com oms2-s oms2-p.example.com #OMS2
Example /etc/hosts configuration when OMSs are installed using alias host
names (oms1.example.com and oms2.example.com):
Primary Site
127.0.0.1
123.1.2.111
123.1.2.112
localhost.localdomain
oms1-p.example.com oms1-p oms1.example.com #OMS1
oms2-p.example.com oms2-p oms2.example.com #OMS2
Enterprise Manager Disaster Recovery
18-13
Setting Up the OMS, Bi Publisher Shared Storage and Software Library Disaster Recovery
Standby Site
127.0.0.1
123.2.2.111
123.2.2.112
localhost.localdomain
oms1-s.example.com oms1-s oms1.example.com #OMS1
oms2-s.example.com oms2-s oms2.example.com #OMS2
If the network has been configured correctly, a ping of the OMS host name from
the primary site should result in a reply from the primary host, and a ping of the
OMS host name from the standby site should result in a reply from the standby
host.
Example
Ping results from primary site (reply from primary site):
[oracle@oms1-p ~]$ ping oms1-p.example.com
PING oms1-p.example.com (123.1.2.111) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from oms1-p.example.com (123.1.2.111): icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.018 ms
64 bytes from oms1-p.example.com (123.1.2.111): icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.020 ms
64 bytes from oms1-p.example.com (123.1.2.111): icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=0.022 ms
Ping results from standby site (reply from standby site)
[oracle@oms1-s ~]$ ping oms1-p.example.com
PING oms1-s.example.com (123.2.2.111) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from oms1-s.example.com (123.2.2.111): icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.018 ms
64 bytes from oms1-s.example.com (123.2.2.111): icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.020 ms
64 bytes from oms1-s.example.com (123.2.2.111): icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=0.022 ms
2.
Ensure that the OMS installation, Agent Installation and Oracle Inventory for each
OMS at the primary site is placed on replicated storage. This can either be done
by specifying replicated storage during OMS installation or by moving these
components onto replicated storage after installation.
If the components are moved to shared storage after
installation they must retain their original pathnames.
Note:
3.
Configure an application virtual host name in DNS to point to Primary site.
■
■
■
If there is a single OMS at the primary site the DNS entry for the application
virtual host name should point to this OMS.
If there are multiple OMSs at the primary site the DNS entry for the
application virtual host name should point to the SLB.
This host name should be configured with a short TTL value (30-60 seconds)
so that it will not be cached by clients for extended periods.
4.
Configure SLB at the standby site (only required if multiple OMSs are required at
the standby site). See "Configuring a Load Balancer" on page 17-10 for more
information. The SLB pools on the standby site will reference the IP addresses of
the standby OMS hosts.
5.
Resecure all Agents and OMSs using application virtual host name.
Examples
For OMS
emctl secure oms -sysman_pwd <sysman_pwd>
-reg_pwd <agent_reg_password>
18-14 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Setting Up the OMS, Bi Publisher Shared Storage and Software Library Disaster Recovery
-host em.example.com
-secure_port 4900
-slb_port 4900
-slb_console_port 443
-console
-lock_upload -lock_console
For Agent
emctl secure agent -emdWalletSrcUrl https://em.example.com:4901/em
6.
Configure the storage replication schedule for as frequently as the network
infrastructure will allow (minimum every 24 hours).
Refer to your storage/network documentation to determine a
replication schedule that maximizes the resource utilization
performance of your network infrastructure.
Note:
7.
Move HTTP Lock files to local filesystem. See the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide for more information.
18.4.2 Monitoring Standby OMS Hosts
Monitoring the availability of the standby OMS hosts is necessary to ensure that they
are ready for switchover/failover operations. In order to monitor these hosts, Agents
should be deployed to local file systems on each standby OMS host.
To avoid conflicts with the components that will be started on the standby site after a
switchover/failover, when deploying Agents on the standby OMS hosts the following
points should be considered:
■
■
■
■
■
The Agents deployed to the standby OMS hosts should not use the replicated
Oracle Inventory. They should be installed using a local inventory that does not
include the replicated OMS and Agent installs.
The Agents deployed to the standby OMS hosts should be deployed on a different
port to that used by the replicated Agents. This will avoid port conflicts when the
replicated OMS and Agent are started on the standby OMS host.
Regardless of which network topology is used (aliases at both sites or aliases only
at the standby site), these Agents should be deployed using the physical
hostnames of the standby OMS hosts.
These Agents should be deployed into a separate inventory so that they are kept
apart from the inventory used for the OMS installation.
After deploying Agents to the standby OMS hosts, confirm that all OMS Agents
(those installed with alias host names on replicated storage and those installed
with physical host names on local storage) are configured consistently with the
same time zone. See Changing the Management Agent Time Zone in the
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Administrator's Guide for details on changing
the agent time zone.
To specify an inventory location for Agent installation, an inventory pointer file can be
created and the -invPtrLoc flag can be used during installation.
The following example shows an inventory pointer file that specifies the inventory
location as /u01/oraInventory_standby
more /u01/oraInst_standby.loc
Enterprise Manager Disaster Recovery
18-15
Setting Up the OMS, Bi Publisher Shared Storage and Software Library Disaster Recovery
inventory_loc=/u01/oraInventory_standby
inst_group=dba
The -invPtrLoc flag can then be passed during Agent installation.
18.4.3 Software Library Disaster Recovery
1.
The Software Library should be located on a file system that is replicated using
storage replication. If the Software Library is currently located on another file
system it can be migrated using the 'Migrate and Remove' option in the Software
Library Administration page.
See the chapter on Configuring a Software Library in the Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control Administrator’s Guide for more information.
2.
Configure the storage replication schedule for as frequently as the network
infrastructure as the network infrastructure will allow. Oracle recommends
continuous replication to occur every 2 hours (minimum).
18.4.4 BI Publisher Shared Storage Disaster Recovery
If BI Publisher has been configured then the BI Publisher shared storage must also
participate in the disaster recovery scenarios.
1.
The BI Publisher shared storage location should be located on a filesystem that is
replicated using storage replication.
2.
Configure the storage replication schedule for as frequently as the network
infrastructure as the network infrastructure will allow. Oracle recommends
continuous replication to occur every 2 hours (minimum).
18.4.5 Migrating an Existing Site to Shared Storage
Note: You can migrate from your existing site to a shared storage file
system even if you want to use Level 4 of the high-availability
solution for your existing environment.
18-16 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Performing Switchover and Failover Operations
■
■
■
Use file system backups to move existing OMS and agent installations to shared
storage.
Use the following guidelines to migrate from local file system to shared storage
–
All backups must be offline backups, i.e. OMS and agent processes on a host
must be shut down completed before backing up and restoring.
–
The backups must be performed as root user and permissions must be
preserved.
–
The directory paths for Middleware Home and Instance Home must not
change.
–
The migration can be done in a rolling fashion to avoid complete downtime of
Cloud Control.
Use the process documented in "Removing (and Migrating) Software Library
Storage Location" to move the software library to shared storage.
18.5 Performing Switchover and Failover Operations
Activating the standby site can take place either by using a switchover or a failover.
These are used in different situations as described below:
■
■
Switchover - A pre-planned role reversal of the primary and standby sites. In a
switchover, functionality is transferred from the primary site to a standby site in
an orderly, coordinated operation. As such, both sites must be available for a
switchover to complete. Switchover is usually performed for testing and
validation of Disaster Recovery (DR) scenarios and for planned maintenance
activities on the primary infrastructure. A switchover is the preferred method of
activating the standby site as the primary.
Failover - Activation of the standby site as the primary site when the original
primary site becomes unavailable.
If BI Publisher is configured in your environment, and if your
disaster recovery approach uses Standby OMSs using Storage
Replication as discussed in this chapter, BI Publisher will be functional
on the standby site when switchover/failover occurs.
Note:
Note: If an error is encountered unmounting the OMS filesystem as
part of a switchover or failover operation, it may be because Oracle
Configuration Manager (OCM) is configured and running from the
OMS home. If OCM is running, it should be stopped before
unmounting the OMS filesystem. To check OCM status, run the
following command:
<OMS_HOME>/ccr/bin/emCCR status.
To stop OCM, run the following command:
<OMS_HOME>/ccr/bin/emCCR stop.
To start OCM after a switchover or failover, run the following
command:
<OMS_HOME>/ccr/bin/emCCR start.
Enterprise Manager Disaster Recovery
18-17
Performing Switchover and Failover Operations
18.5.1 Switchover Procedure
This section describes the steps to switchover to the standby site. The same procedure
is applied to switchover in either direction.
1.
Shut down all OMS components at the primary site.
2.
Shut down all virtual Management Agents at the primary site.
3.
Unmount the OMS filesystem and the software library filesystems from OMS
hosts at the primary site.
4.
Perform on-demand replication of OMS and software library filesystems.
Refer to your storage documentation for steps required to
perform an on-demand replication.
Note:
5.
Update DNS entry for the application virtual hostname.
6.
Switchover Oracle Database using Data Guard switchover.
Use DGMGRL to perform a switchover to the standby database. The command
can be run on the primary site or the standby site. The switchover command
verifies the states of the primary database and the standby database, affects
switchover of roles, restarts the old primary database, and sets it up as the new
standby database.
SWITCHOVER TO <standby database name>;
Verify the post switchover states. To monitor a standby database completely, the
user monitoring the database must have SYSDBA privileges. This privilege is
required because the standby database is in a mounted-only state. A best practice
is to ensure that the users monitoring the primary and standby databases have
SYSDBA privileges for both databases.
SHOW CONFIGURATION;
SHOW DATABASE <primary database name>;
SHOW DATABASE <standby database name>;
7.
Perform role reversal of the Software Library and OMS storage (refer to your
storage documentation for instructions).
8.
Re-enable replication schedules for SWLIB and OMS storage.
If BI Publisher has been configured, re-enable replication schedules for the BI
Publisher shared storage location.
9.
Mount OMS and Software Library filesystems on OMS hosts at Standby site.
If BI publisher has been configured, mount the BI Publisher shared storage
filesystems on OMS hosts at the standby site.
10. Start the first OMS Admin Server at the standby site.
Note: This step is not required if using a connection string that
works from both primary and standby sites, such as by using SCAN
addresses and Role-Based Database Services as described in
Section 18.2.3, "Database Considerations."
11. Point OMS to new Primary Repository Database using the following command:
18-18 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Performing Switchover and Failover Operations
emctl config oms -store_repos_details -repos_conndesc <connect descriptor>
-repos_user <username>
Example
emctl config oms -store_repos_details -repos_conndesc ’(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS_
LIST=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=newscan.domain)(PORT=1521)))(CONNECT_
DATA=(SERVICE_NAME=emreps.domain)))’ -repos_user SYSMAN
Note: This step is not required if using a connection string that
works from both primary and standby sites, such as by using SCAN
addresses and Role-Based Database Services as described in
Section 18.2.3, "Database Considerations."
This step should be repeated on each OMS.
12. Start the OMSs at the standby site.
13. Start the Management Agents at the standby site using the following command:
emctl start agent
14. Relocate Management Services and Repository target using the following
command:
emctl config emrep -agent <agent name> -conn_desc <repository connection>
The Management Services and Management Repository target is monitored by a
Management Agent on one of the Management Services on the primary site. To
ensure that the target is monitored after switchover/failover, relocate the target to
a Management Agent on the standby site by running the following command on
one of the Management Service standby sites.
Note:
This step is not required if the following two conditions are
met:
■
■
Using a Repository Connect Descriptor that works from both
primary and standby sites, such as by using SCAN addresses and
Role-Based Database Services. Under this condition, the
connection descriptor does not need to be updated in order to
monitor the Management Services and Management Repository
target.
Management Services and Management Repository target is
monitored by a Management Agent installed on replicated storage
using an Alias Host Name. Under this condition, the same agent
will now be running on the standby site; therefore a different
Agent does not need to be configured.
15. Update the URI for the WebLogic Admin Console from within Cloud Control.
Navigate to the target homepage for GCDomain. From the WebLogic Domain
menu, select Target Setup, and then Monitoring Configuration.
Enterprise Manager Disaster Recovery
18-19
Performing Switchover and Failover Operations
18.5.2 Failover Procedure
This section describes the steps to failover to the standby site, recover the Enterprise
Manager application state by resynchronizing the Management Repository database
with all Management Agents, and finally enabling the original primary database
1.
Shut down all OMS components at the primary site if running.
2.
Shut down all virtual agents at primary site if running.
3.
Unmount OMS and Software Library filesystems from OMS hosts at primary site.
If BI Publisher has been configured, umount the BI Publisher shared storage
filesystem from OMS hosts at the primary site.
4.
Perform on-demand replication of the OMS and Software Library file systems.
(Depending on the type of failure encountered this may not be possible.) If BI
Publisher has been configured, also perform an on-demand replication of the BI
Publisher shared storage filesystem.
Refer to your storage documentation for steps required to
perform an on-demand replication.
Note:
5.
Update the DNS entry for the application virtual hostname.
6.
Failover Oracle Database using Data Guard failover.
7.
Perform role reversal of Software Library and OMS storage.
8.
Re-enable replication schedules for SWLIB and OMS storage
9.
Mount the OMS and Software Library filesystems on OMS hosts at the standby
site
10. Start the first OMS Admin Server.
Note:
This step is not required if the following two conditions are
met:
1.
Using a Repository Connect Descriptor that works from both primary
and standby sites, such as by using SCAN addresses and Role-Based
Database Services.
2.
Running in Data Guard Maximum Protection or Maximum Availability
level as there is no data loss on failover.
11. Modify the OMS connect descriptor to point to the new Primary Repository
Database.
emctl config oms -store_repos_details -repos_conndesc <connect descriptor>
-repos_user <username>
Example
emctl config oms -store_repos_details -repos_conndesc '(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS_
LIST=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=newscan.domain)(PORT=1521)))(CONNECT_
DATA=(SERVICE_NAME=emreps.domain)))' -repos_user SYSMAN
18-20 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Keeping the Standby Site in Sync with the Primary
This step is not required if using a Repository Connect
Descriptor that works from both primary and standby sites, such as by
using SCAN addresses and Role-Based Database Services.
Note:
This step should be repeated on each OMS.
12. Perform a Repository Resynchronization to resync the Agents with the new
Primary database.
Skip this step if you are running in Data Guard Maximum Protection or Maximum
Availability level as there is no data loss on failover. However, if there is data loss,
synchronize the new primary database with all Management Agents.
On any one Management Service on the standby site, run the following command:
emctl resync repos -full -name "<name for recovery action>"
This command submits a resync job that is executed on each Management Agent
when the Management Services on the standby site are brought up.
13. Start the Agents at the standby site.
14. Start the OMSs at the standby site.
15. Modify Management Services and Repository target connect descriptor.
From the Setup menu, select Manage Cloud Control and then Health Overview.
The Management Services and Repository page displays. From the OMS and
Repository menu, select Target Setup and then Monitoring Configuration.
The Repository Connect Descriptor should be modified to connect to the database
that is currently active.
This step is not required if using a Repository Connect
Descriptor that works from both primary and standby sites, such as by
using SCAN addresses and Role-Based Database Services
Note:
16. Update the URI for the WebLogic Admin Console from within Cloud Control.
Navigate to the target homepage for GCDomain. From the WebLogic Domain
menu, select Target Setup, and then Monitoring Configuration.
18.6 Keeping the Standby Site in Sync with the Primary
The standby site will be kept in sync with the primary automatically through the
combination of Data Guard and storage replication.
The administrator should ensure that an on-demand replication to the standby site
takes place before and after the following operations on the OMS or the agent:
■
Plug-in deployment/undeployment, or existing plug-in upgrade
■
Upgrade
■
Patch
■
emctl commands (other than lifecycle verbs (start/stop/status oms))
■
Configuration of ADP/JVMD/BI Publisher
Enterprise Manager Disaster Recovery
18-21
Disaster Recovery Solution with ACFS Replication
Refer to your storage documentation for steps required to
perform an on-demand replication.
Note:
18.7 Disaster Recovery Solution with ACFS Replication
Automatic Storage Management Cluster File System (ACFS) replication enables
replication of an ACFS file system across a network to a remote site. This capability is
useful for providing disaster recovery capability. The following diagram shows how
this feature can be leveraged to provide disaster recovery for an Enterprise Manager
installation.
Figure 18–2 ACFS Replication
Configuring ACFS Replication
1.
Install Grid Infrastructure and create an ACFS Server.
ACFS storage replication requires Grid Infrastructure to be installed for a Cluster,
but it can also be installed using a single node (one node cluster).
2.
Create an ACFS file system on the ACFS server (created in step 1) to be used for
the OMS installation and Software Library.
3.
Export the ACFS file system using NFS.
Disable root squash for the ACFS mount point, otherwise root.sh will not run after
Enterprise Manager is installed on the client.
4.
Mount the file system on a different node (to be used for the OMS) using the
following options:
nfs rw,bg,hard,nointr,rsize=131072,wsize=131072,tcp,vers=3,
timeo=300,actimeo=120
5.
Install Enterprise Manager on the NFS (ACFS) file system.
6.
Create a second ACFS server (one node cluster) with another ACFS file system to
be used as a standby.
7.
Establish ACFS replication between the primary and standby ACFS servers:
1.
On the standby server, initiate the replication using the following command:
/sbin/acfsutil repl init standby -p
by the root user.
18-22 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Disaster Recovery Solution with ACFS Replication
2.
Verify that the standby file system is initiated using the following command:
/sbin/acfsutil repl info
3.
On the primary server, initiate replication using the following command:
/sbin/acfsutil repl init primary -s
4.
Verify that the primary file system is initiated using the following command:
/sbin/acfsutil repl info -c
8.
Switch over from the primary server to the standby. Refer to Section 18.5.1,
"Switchover Procedure" for explicit instructions on performing the switchover
operation with the following modifications:
At step 4:
Perform on-demand replication of the OMS and Software Library file systems by
performing the following:
Run ACFS sync for the Enterprise Manager file system from the primary server
using the following command:
/sbin/asfsutil repl sync apply
At step 7:
Perform role reversal of the Software Library and OMS storage by performing the
following:
Terminate ACFS replication using the following command:
/sbin/acfsutil repl terminate standby
To reconfigure ACFS replication, follow the instructions listed above in this section
in step 7 Establish ACFS replication between the primary and standby ACFS servers.
Enterprise Manager Disaster Recovery
18-23
Disaster Recovery Solution with ACFS Replication
18-24 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
19
Backing Up and Recovering Enterprise
Manager
19
As the monitoring and management framework for your ecosystem, an important part
of your high availability strategy is to ensure Enterprise Manager is regularly backed
up so that it can be restored in the event of failure.
This chapter covers the following topics:
■
Backing Up Your Deployment
■
Software Library Backup
■
Management Repository Backup
■
Oracle Management Service Backup
■
Management Agent Backup
■
Recovery of Failed Enterprise Manager Components
■
Recovering from a Simultaneous OMS-Management Repository Failure
19.1 Backing Up Your Deployment
Although Enterprise Manager functions as a single entity, technically, it is built on a
distributed, multi-tier software architecture composed of the following software
components:
■
Oracle Management Services (OMS)
■
Management Agent
■
Management Repository
■
Software Library
Each component, being uniquely different in composition and function, requires
different approaches to backup and recovery. For this reason, the backup strategies are
discussed on a per-tier basis in this chapter. For an overview of Enterprise Manager
architecture, refer to the Oracle® Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation
Guide.
19.2 Software Library Backup
The software library is a centralized media storage for Enterprise Manager software
entities such as software patches, virtual appliance images, reference gold images,
application software, and their associated directive scripts. The software library is an
essential part of Enterprise Manager framework and is required by many Enterprise
Backing Up and Recovering Enterprise Manager 19-1
Management Repository Backup
Manager features in order to function properly. The software library storage locations
should be backed up periodically using file system backup. Oracle recommends the
backup be performed at a frequency of 1 to 24 hours.
19.3 Management Repository Backup
The Management Repository is the storage location where all the information collected
by the Management Agent gets stored. It consists of objects such as database jobs,
packages, procedures, views, and tablespaces. Because it is configured in an Oracle
Database, the backup and recovery strategies for the Management Repository are
essentially the same as those for the Oracle Database. Backup procedures for the
database are well established standards and can be implemented using the RMAN
backup utility, which can be accessed via the Cloud Control console.
Management Respository Backup
Oracle recommends using High Availability Best Practices for protecting the
Management Repository database against unplanned outages. As such, use the
following standard database backup strategies.
■
■
Database should be in archivelog mode. Not running the repository database in
archivelog mode leaves the database vulnerable to being in an unrecoverable
condition after a media failure.
Perform regular hot backups with RMAN using the Recommended Backup Strategy
option via the Cloud Control console. Other utilities such as DataGuard and RAC
can also be used as part of a comprehensive HA and data protection strategy
typically implemented with HA levels 3 and 4. For more information about the
various HA levels, see Chapter 16.4, "Implementing High Availability Levels."
Adhering to these strategies will create a full backup and then create incremental
backups on each subsequent run. The incremental changes will then be rolled up into
the baseline, creating a new full backup baseline.
Using the Recommended Backup Strategy also takes advantage of the capabilities of
Enterprise Manager to execute the backups: Jobs will be automatically scheduled
through the Job sub-system of Enterprise Manager. The history of the backups will
then be available for review and the status of the backup will be displayed on the
repository database target home page. This backup job along with archiving and
flashback technologies will provide a restore point in the event of the loss of any part
of the repository. This type of backup, along with archive and online logs, allows the
repository to be recovered to the last completed transaction.
You can view when the last repository backup occurred on the Management Services
and Repository Overview page under the Repository details section.
A thorough summary of how to configure backups using Enterprise Manager is
available in the Oracle Database 2 Day DBA guide. For additional information on
Database high availability best practices, review the Oracle Database High Availability
Best Practices documentation.
19.4 Oracle Management Service Backup
The Oracle Management Service (OMS) orchestrates with Management Agents to
discover targets, monitor and manage them, and store the collected information in a
repository for future reference and analysis. The OMS also renders the Web interface
for the Enterprise Manager console.
19-2 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Oracle Management Service Backup
Backing Up the OMS
The OMS is generally stateless. Some configuration data is stored on the OMS file
system.
A snapshot of OMS configuration can be taken using the emctl exportconfig oms
command.
$ <OMS_HOME>/bin/emctl exportconfig oms [-sysman_pwd <sysman password>]
[-dir <backup dir>] Specify directory to store backup file
[-keep_host] Specify this parameter if the OMS was installed using a virtual
hostname (using
ORACLE_HOSTNAME=<virtual_hostname>)
Running exportconfig captures a snapshot of the OMS at a given point in time, thus
allowing you to back up the most recent OMS configuration on a regular basis.
exportconfig should always be run on the OMS running the WebLogic Admin Server. If
required, the most recent snapshot can then be restored on a fresh OMS installation on
the same or different host.
Backup strategies for the OMS components are as follows:
■
Software Homes
Composed of Fusion Middleware Home, the OMS Oracle Home and the WebTier
(OHS) Oracle Home and multiple Management Plug-in Oracle Homes.
Software Homes changes when patches or patchsets are applied or updates are
applied through the new Self Update feature. For this reason, filesystem-level
backups should be taken after each patch/patchset application or application of
updates through Self Update. You should back up the Oracle inventory files along
with the Software Homes and save the output of opatch lsinventory –detail to
make it easy to determine which patches are applied to the backed up Oracle
Homes.
If you do not have filesystem-level backups, you can also
reinstall the software homes using the “Installing Software Only”
install method.
Note:
Important: The location of the OMS Oracle Home must be the same
for all OMS instances in your Cloud Control deployment.
■
Instance Home
The gc_inst directory, composed of WebLogic Server, OMS and web tier
configuration files.
The Instance Home can be backed up using the emctl exportconfig oms
command.
■
Administration Server
The Administration Server operates as the central control entity for the
configuration of the entire OMS instance domain. The Administration Server is an
integral part of the first OMS installed in your Cloud Control deployment and
shares the Software Homes and Instance Home.
The Administration Server is backed up at the same time as the Instance Home,
the emctl exportconfig oms command (only run on the first OMS with the
Administration Server).
Backing Up and Recovering Enterprise Manager 19-3
Management Agent Backup
19.5 Management Agent Backup
The Management Agent is an integral software component that is deployed on each
monitored host. It is responsible for monitoring all the targets running on those hosts,
communicating that information to the middle-tier OMS and managing and
maintaining the hosts and its targets.
Backing Up Management Agents
There are no special considerations for backing up Management Agents. As a best
practice, reference Management Agent installs should be maintained for different
platforms and kept up-to-date in terms of customizations in the emd.properties file
and patches applied. Use Deployment options from the Cloud Control console to
install and maintain reference Agent installs.
If a Management Agent is lost, it should be reinstalled by cloning from a reference
install.
19.6 Recovery of Failed Enterprise Manager Components
Recovering Enterprise Manager means restoring any of the three fundamental
components of the Enterprise Manager architecture.
■
Management Repository
■
Management Service
■
Management Agent
■
Software Library
19.6.1 Repository Recovery
Recovery of the Repository database must be performed using RMAN since Cloud
Control will not be available when the repository database is down. There are two
recovery cases to consider:
■
■
Full Recovery: No special consideration is required for Enterprise Manager.
Point-in-Time/Incomplete Recovery: Recovered repository may be out of sync
with Agents because of lost transactions. In this situation, some metrics may show
up incorrectly in the Cloud Control console unless the repository is synchronized
with the latest state available on the Agents.
A repository resync feature allows you to automate the process of synchronizing the
Enterprise Manager repository with the latest state available on the Management
Agents.
To resynchronize the repository with the Management Agents, you use Enterprise
Manager command-line utility (emctl) resync repos command:
emctl resync repos -full -name "<descriptive name for the operation>"
You must run this command from the OMS Oracle Home AFTER restoring the
Management Repository, but BEFORE starting the OMS. After submitting the
command, start up all OMS instances and monitor the progress of repository
resychronization from the Enterprise Manager console’s Repository Resynchronization
page, as shown in the following figure.
19-4 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Recovery of Failed Enterprise Manager Components
Figure 19–1 Repository Synchronization Page
Management Repository recovery is complete when the resynchronization jobs
complete on all Management Agents.
Oracle strongly recommends that the Management Repository database be run in
archivelog mode so that in case of failure, the database can be recovered to the latest
transaction. If the database cannot be recovered to the last transaction, Repository
Synchronization can be used to restore monitoring capabilities for targets that existed
when the last backup was taken. Actions taken after the backup will not be recovered
automatically. Some examples of actions that will not be recovered automatically by
Repository Synchronization are:
■
Incident Rules
■
Preferred Credentials
■
Groups, Services, Systems
■
Jobs/Deployment Procedures
■
Custom Reports
■
New Agents
19.6.2 Recovery Scenarios
A prerequisite for repository (or any database) recovery is to have a valid, consistent
backup of the repository. Using Enterprise Manager to automate the backup process
ensures regular, up-to-date backups are always available if repository recovery is ever
required. Recovery Manager (RMAN) is a utility that backs up, restores, and recovers
Oracle Databases. The RMAN recovery job syntax should be saved to a safe location.
This allows you to perform a complete recovery of the Enterprise Manager repository
database. In its simplest form, the syntax appears as follows:
run {
restore database;
recover database;
}
Actual syntax will vary in length and complexity depending on your environment. For
more information on extracting syntax from an RMAN backup and recovery job, or
Backing Up and Recovering Enterprise Manager 19-5
Recovery of Failed Enterprise Manager Components
using RMAN in general, see the Oracle Database Backup and Recovery Advanced User's
Guide.
The following scenarios illustrate various repository recovery situations along with the
recovery steps.
19.6.2.1 Full Recovery on the Same Host
Repository database is running in archivelog mode. Recent backup, archive log files and
redo logs are available. The repository database disk crashes. All datafiles and control
files are lost.
Resolution:
1.
Stop all OMS instances using emctl stop oms -all.
2.
Recover the database using RMAN
3.
Bring the site up using the command emctl start oms on all OMS instances.
4.
Verify that the site is fully operational.
19.6.2.2 Incomplete Recovery on the Same Host
Repository database is running in noarchivelog mode. Full offline backup is available.
The repository database disk crashes. All datafiles and control files are lost.
Resolution:
1.
Stop the OMS instances using emctl stop oms -all.
2.
Recover the database using RMAN.
3.
Initiate Repository Resync using emctl resync repos -full -name "<resync
name>" from one of the OMS Oracle Home.
4.
Start the OMS instances using emctl start oms.
5.
Log in to Cloud Control. From the Setup menu, select Manage Cloud Control, and
then Health Overview. The Management Services and Repository page displays.
6.
From the OMS and Repository menu, select Repository Synchronization.
7.
Verify that the site is fully operational.
19.6.2.3 Full Recovery on a Different Host
The Management Repository database is running on host "A" in archivelog mode.
Recent backup, archive log files and redo logs are available. The repository database
crashes. All datafiles and control files are lost.
Resolution:
1.
Stop the OMS instances using the command emctl stop oms.
2.
Recover the database using RMAN on a different host (host "B").
3.
Correct the connect descriptor for the repository by running the following
command on each OMS.
$emctl config oms –store_repos_details -repos_conndesc <connect descriptor>
-repos_user sysman
4.
Stop the OMS using the following command:
emctl stop oms -all
19-6 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Recovery of Failed Enterprise Manager Components
5.
Start the OMS instances using the command
emctl start oms.
6.
Relocate the Management Repository database target to the Agent running on host
"B" by running the following command from the OMS:
$emctl config repos -host <hostB> -oh <OH of repository on hostB>
"<TNS connect descriptor>"
-conn_desc
This command can only be used to relocate the repository
database under the following conditions:
Note:
7.
■
An Agent is already running on this machine.
■
No database on host "B" has been discovered.
Change the monitoring configuration for the OMS and Repository target: by
running the following command from the OMS:
$emctl config emrep -conn_desc "<TNS connect descriptor>"
8.
Verify that the site is fully operational.
19.6.2.4 Incomplete Recovery on a Different Host
The Management Repository database is running on host "A" in noarchivelog mode.
Full offline backup is available. Host "A" is lost due to hardware failure. All datafiles
and control files are lost.
Resolution:
1.
Stop the OMS instances using emctl stop oms.
2.
Recover the database using RMAN on a different host (host "B").
3.
Correct the connect descriptor for the repository in credential store.
$emctl config oms –store_repos_details -repos_conndesc <connect descriptor>
-repos_user sysman
This commands will prompt you to stop and start the oms.
4.
Initiate Repository Resync:
$emctl resync repos -full -name "<resync name>"
from one of the OMS Oracle Homes.
5.
Start the OMS using the command emctl start oms.
6.
Run the command to relocate the repository database target to the Management
Agent running on host "B":
$emctl config repos -agent <agent on host B> -host <hostB> -oh <OH of
repository on hostB> -conn_desc "<TNS connect descriptor>"
7.
Run the command to change monitoring configuration for the OMS and
Repository target:
emctl config emrep -conn_desc "<TNS connect descriptor>"
8.
Log in to Cloud Control. From the Setup menu, select Manage Cloud Control, and
then select Health Overview.
Backing Up and Recovering Enterprise Manager 19-7
Recovery of Failed Enterprise Manager Components
9.
From the OMS and Repository menu, select Repository Synchronization.
Monitor the status of resync jobs. Resubmit failed jobs, if any, after fixing the error
mentioned.
10. Verify that the site is fully operational.
19.6.3 Recovering the OMS
If an Oracle Management Service instance is lost, recovering it essentially consists of
three steps: Recovering the Software Homes, configuring the Instance Home and
recovering the Software Library if configured on same host as Enterprise Manager.
19.6.3.1 Recovering the Software Homes
When restoring on the same host, the software homes can be restored from filesystem
backup. In case a backup does not exist, or if installing to a different host, the Software
Homes can be reconstructed using the “Install Software Only" option from the Cloud
Control software distribution. Care should be taken to select and install ALL
Management Plug-ins that existed in your environment prior to crash.
1.
Connect to the Management Repository as SYSMAN and run the following SQL
query to retrieve a list of installed plug-ins:
SELECT epv.display_name, epv.plugin_id, epv.version, epv.rev_version,
decode(su.aru_file, null, 'Media/External',
'https://updates.oracle.com/Orion/Services/download/'||aru_file||'?aru='||aru_
id||chr(38)||'patch_file='||aru_file) URL
FROM em_plugin_version epv, em_current_deployed_plugin ecp, em_su_entities su
WHERE epv.plugin_type NOT IN ('BUILT_IN_TARGET_TYPE', 'INSTALL_HOME')
AND ecp.dest_type='2'
AND epv.plugin_version_id = ecp.plugin_version_id
AND su.entity_id = epv.su_entity_id;
The above query returns the list of plug-ins along with the URLs to download
them if they were downloaded through self update. If plug-ins are present in the
install media or are third party plug-ins not available through Self Update, the
URLs are marked as "Media/Unknown".
2.
Download the additional plug-ins, if any, from the URLs in the list returned by the
query in step 1 and place them in a single directory. Change the filename extension
from .zip to .opar.
3.
Invoke the installer and select the Software-Only option to install the Middleware
and OMS Oracle Home.
4.
To install the required plug-ins, you must then run the PluginInstall.sh script
(OMS_HOME/sysman/install/PluginInstall.sh) with the -pluginLocation
<absolute path to plugin dir> specifying the path to the directory where
downloaded plugins are kept. When asked to select plugins, make sure you select
the same plugins as were listed in the SQL query.
Recovery will fail if all required plug-ins have not been
installed.
Note:
After the software-only mode, all patches that were installed prior to the crash must be
re-applied. Assuming the Management Repository is intact, the post-scripts that run
SQL against the repository can be skipped as the repository already has those patches
applied.
19-8 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Recovery of Failed Enterprise Manager Components
As stated earlier, the location of the OMS Oracle Home is fixed and cannot be changed.
Hence, ensure that the OMS Oracle Home is restored in the same location that was
used previously.
19.6.3.2 Recreating the OMS
Once the Software Homes are recovered, the instance home can be reconstructed using
the omsca command in recovery mode:
omsca recover –as –ms -nostart –backup_file <exportconfig file>
Use the export file generated by the emctl exportconfig command shown in the
previous section.
19.6.4 OMS Recovery Scenarios
The following scenarios illustrate various OMS recovery situations along with the
recovery steps.
A prerequisite for OMS recovery is to have recent, valid
OMS configuration backups available. Oracle recommends that you
back up the OMS using the emctl exportconfig oms command
whenever an OMS configuration change is made. This command
must be run on the primary OMS running the WebLogic
AdminServer.
Important:
Alternatively, you can run this command on a regular basis using the
Enterprise Manager Job system.
Each of the following scenarios cover the recovery of the Software
homes using either a filesystem backup (when available and only
when recovering to the same host) or using the Software only option
from the installer. In either case, the best practice is to recover the
instance home (gc_inst) using the omsca recover command, rather
than from a filesystem backup. This guarantees that the instance home
is valid and up to date.
19.6.4.1 Single OMS, No Server Load Balancer (SLB), OMS Restored on the same
Host
Site hosts a single OMS. No SLB is present. The OMS configuration was backed up
using the emctl exportconfig oms command on the primary OMS running the
AdminServer. The OMS Oracle Home is lost.
Resolution:
1.
Perform cleanup on failed OMS host.
Make sure there are no processes still running from the Middleware home using a
command similar to the following:
ps -ef | grep -i -P "(Middleware|gc_inst)" | grep -v grep | awk '{print $2}' |
xargs kill -9
Note: Change Middleware|gc_inst to strings that match your own
middleware and instance homes.
Backing Up and Recovering Enterprise Manager 19-9
Recovery of Failed Enterprise Manager Components
If recovering the software homes using the software only install method, first
de-install the existing Oracle Homes using the Cloud Control software distribution
installer. This is required even if the software homes are no longer available as it is
necessary to remove any record of the lost Oracle Homes from the Oracle
inventory.
If they exist, remove the ‘Middleware’ and ‘gc_inst’ directories.
2.
Ensure that software library locations are still accessible and valid. If a Software
library is accessible but corrupt, it will affect OMSCA recovery.
3.
Restore the Software Homes. See Section 19.6.3.1, "Recovering the Software
Homes" for more information.
If restoring from a filesystem backup, delete the following file:
OMS_HOME/sysman/config/emInstanceMapping.properties
In addition, delete any gc_inst directories that may have been restored, if they
exist.
4.
Run omsca in recovery mode specifying the export file taken earlier to configure
the OMS:
<OMS_HOME>/bin/omsca recover –as –ms –nostart –backup_file <exportconfig file>
The -backup_file to be passed must be the latest file generated
from emctl exportconfig oms command.
Note:
5.
Start the OMS.
OMS_HOME/bin/emctl start oms
6.
Recover the Agent (if necessary).
If the Management Agent Software Home was recovered along with the OMS
Software Homes (as is likely in a single OMS install recovery where the
Management Agent and agent_inst directories are commonly under the
Middleware home), the Management Agent instance directory should be recreated
to ensure consistency between the Management Agent and OMS.
1.
Remove the agent_inst directory if it was restored from backup
2.
Use agentDeploy.sh to configure the agent:
<AGENT_BASE_DIR>/core/12.1.0.4.0/sysman/install/agentDeploy.sh AGENT_BASE_
DIR=<AGENT_BASE_DIR> AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME=<AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME> ORACLE_
HOSTNAME=<AGENT_HOSTNAME> AGENT_PORT=<AGENT_PORT> -configOnly OMS_HOST=<oms
host> EM_UPLOAD_PORT=<OMS_UPLOAD_PORT> AGENT_REGISTRATION_PASSWORD=<REG_
PASSWORD>
If the Management Agent configuration fails, see <AGENT_
HOME>/cfgtoollogs/cfgfw/oracle.sysman.top.agent_<time_stamp>.log
3.
The OMS may block the Management Agent. Synchronize the agent with
repository using the following command:
<OMS_HOME>/bin/emcli resyncAgent -agent=<agent target name
myhost.example.com:3872>
19-10 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Recovery of Failed Enterprise Manager Components
If the Management Agent software home was not recovered along with the OMS
but the Agent still needs to be recovered, follow the instructions in section Agent
Reinstall Using the Same Port.
This is only likely to be needed in the case where a filesystem
recovery has been performed that did not include a backup of the
Agent software homes. If the OMS software homes were recovered
using the Software only install method, this step will not be required
because a Software only install installs an Agent software home under
the Middleware home.
Note:
7.
Verify that the site is fully operational.
19.6.4.2 Single OMS, No SLB, OMS Restored on a Different Host
Site hosts a single OMS. The OMS is running on host "A." No SLB is present. The OMS
configuration was backed up using the emctl exportconfig oms command. Host "A"
is lost.
Resolution:
1.
Ensure that software library locations are accessible from “Host B”.
2.
Restore the software homes on “Host B”. See Section 19.6.3.1, "Recovering the
Software Homes" for more information.
3.
Run omsca in recovery mode specifying the export file taken earlier to configure
the OMS:
<OMS_HOME>/bin/omsca recover –as –ms –nostart –backup_file <exportconfig file>
The -backup_file to be passed must be the latest file generated
from emctl exportconfig oms command.
Note:
4.
Start the OMS.
<OMS_HOME>/bin/emctl start oms
An agent is installed as part of the Software only install and needs to be
configured using the agentDeploy.sh command:
5.
Configure the Agent.
<AGENT_BASE_DIR>/core/12.1.0.4.0/sysman/install/agentDeploy.sh AGENT_BASE_
DIR=<AGENT_BASE_DIR> AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME=<AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME> ORACLE_
HOSTNAME=<AGENT_HOSTNAME> AGENT_PORT=<AGENT_PORT> -configOnly OMS_HOST=<oms
host> EM_UPLOAD_PORT=<OMS_UPLOAD_PORT> AGENT_REGISTRATION_PASSWORD=<REG_
PASSWORD>
If the Management Agent configuration fails, see <AGENT_
HOME>/cfgtoollogs/cfgfw/oracle.sysman.top.agent_<time_stamp>.log
6.
Relocate the oracle_emrep target to the Management Agent of the new OMS host
using the following commands:
<OMS_HOME>/bin/emcli login –username=sysman
<OMS_HOME>/bin/emcli sync
<OMS_HOME>/bin/emctl config emrep -agent <agent on host "B", e.g
myNewOMSHost.example.com:3872>
Backing Up and Recovering Enterprise Manager
19-11
Recovery of Failed Enterprise Manager Components
If you run emctl config emrep -agent and set the flag
-ignore_timeskew, there may a loss of monitoring data as the
availability of monitored targets may be affected when the
Management Services and Repository target is moved to the new
Agent.
Note:
7.
In the Cloud Control console, locate the 'WebLogic Domain' target for the Cloud
Control Domain. Go to 'Monitoring Credentials' and update the adminserver host
to host B. Then do a Refresh Weblogic Domain to reconfigure the domain with
new hosts.
8.
Locate duplicate targets from the Management Services and Repository Overview
page of the Enterprise Manager console. Click the Duplicate Targets link to access
the Duplicate Targets page. To resolve duplicate target errors, the duplicate target
must be renamed on the conflicting Agent. Relocate duplicate targets from Agent
"A" to Agent "B".
9.
Change the OMS to which all Management Agents point and then resecure all
Agents.
Because the new machine is using a different hostname from the one originally
hosting the OMS, all Agents in your monitored environment must be told where
to find the new OMS. On each Management Agent, run the following command:
<AGENT_INST_DIR>/bin/emctl secure agent -emdWalletSrcUrl "http://hostB:<http_
port>/em"
10. Assuming the original OMS host is no longer in use, remove the Host target
(including all remaining monitored targets) from Cloud Control by selecting the
host on the Targets > Hosts page and clicking ‘Remove’. You will be presented
with an error that informs you to remove all monitored targets first. Remove those
targets then repeat the step to remove the Host target successfully.
11. Verify that the site is fully operational.
19.6.4.3 Single OMS, No SLB, OMS Restored on a Different Host using the Original
Hostname
Site hosts a single OMS. The OMS is running on Host "A." No SLB is present. The OMS
configuration was backed up using the emctl exportconfig oms command. Host "A"
is lost. Recovery is to be performed on “Host B” but retaining the use of “Hostname
A”.
Resolution:
1.
Ensure that the software library location is accessible from Host "B".
2.
Restore the software homes on Host B. See Section 19.6.3.1, "Recovering the
Software Homes" for more information.
3.
Modify the network configuration such that “Host B” also responds to hostname
of “Host A”. Specific instructions on how to configure this are beyond the scope of
this document. However, some general configuration suggestions are:
Modify your DNS server such that both “Hostname B” and “Hostname A”
network addresses resolve to the physical IP of “Host B”.
19-12 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Recovery of Failed Enterprise Manager Components
Multi-home “Host B”. Configure an additional IP on “Host B” for the IP address
that “Hostname A” resolves to. For example, on “Host B” run the following
commands:
ifconfig eth0:1 <IP assigned to “Hostname A”> netmask <netmask>
/sbin/arping -q -U -c 3 -I eth0 <IP of HostA>
4.
Run omsca in recovery mode specifying the export file taken earlier to configure
the OMS:
<OMS_HOME>/bin/omsca recover –as –ms –nostart –backup_file <exportconfig file>
-AS_HOST <hostA> -EM_INSTANCE_HOST <hostA>
The -backup_file to be passed must be the latest file generated
from emctl exportconfig oms command.
Note:
5.
Start the OMS.
<OMS_HOME>/bin/emctl start oms
6.
Configure the agent.
An agent is installed as part of the Software only install and needs to be
configured using the agentDeploy.sh command:
<AGENT_HOME>/core/12.1.0.0.0/sysman/install/agentDeploy.sh AGENT_BASE_
DIR=<AGENT_BASE_DIR> AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME=<AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME> ORACLE_
HOSTNAME=<AGENT_HOSTNAME> AGENT_PORT=<AGENT_PORT> -configOnly OMS_HOST=<oms
host> EM_UPLOAD_PORT=<OMS_UPLOAD_PORT> AGENT_REGISTRATION_PASSWORD=<REG_
PASSWORD>
The OMS may block the Management Agent. Synchronize the Agent with
repository using the following command:
<OMS_HOME>/bin/emcli resyncAgent -agent=<agent target name
myhost.example.com:3872>
7.
Verify that the site is fully operational.
19.6.4.4 Multiple OMS, Server Load Balancer, Primary OMS Recovered on the Same
Host
Site hosts multiple OMS instances. All OMS instances are fronted by a Server Load
Balancer. OMS configuration backed up using the emctl exportconfig oms
command on the primary OMS running the WebLogic AdminServer. The primary
OMS is lost.
Resolution:
1.
Perform a cleanup on the failed OMS host.
Make sure there are no processes still running from the Middleware home using a
command similar to the following:
ps -ef | grep -i -P "(Middleware|gc_inst)" | grep -v grep | awk '{print $2}' |
xargs kill -9
Backing Up and Recovering Enterprise Manager
19-13
Recovery of Failed Enterprise Manager Components
Note: Change Middleware|gc_inst to strings that match your own
middleware and instance homes.
If recovering the software homes using the software only install method, first
de-install the existing Oracle Homes using the Cloud Control software distribution
installer. This is required even if the software homes are no longer available as it is
necessary to remove any record of the lost Oracle Homes from the Oracle
inventory.
If they exist, remove the ‘Middleware’ and ‘gc_inst’ directories.
2.
Ensure that software library locations are still accessible.
3.
Restore the software homes. See Section 19.6.3.1, "Recovering the Software Homes"
for more information.
If restoring from a filesystem backup, delete the following file:
<OMS_HOME>/sysman/config/emInstanceMapping.properties
4.
Run omsca in recovery mode specifying the export file taken earlier to configure
the OMS:
<OMS_HOME>/bin/omsca recover –as –ms –nostart –backup_file <exportconfig file>
The -backup_file to be passed must be the latest file generated
from emctl exportconfig oms command.
Note:
5.
Start the OMS.
<OMS_HOME>/bin/emctl start oms
6.
Recover the Management Agent.
If the Management Agent software home was recovered along with the OMS
software homes (as is likely in a Primary OMS install recovery where the agent
and agent_inst directories are commonly under the Middleware home), the
Management Agent instance directory should be recreated to ensure consistency
between the Management Agent and OMS.
1.
Remove the agent_inst directory if it was restored from backup.
2.
Use agentDeploy.sh to configure the Management Agent:
<AGENT_HOME>/core/12.1.0.0.0/sysman/install/agentDeploy.sh AGENT_BASE_
DIR=<AGENT_BASE_DIR> AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME=<AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME> ORACLE_
HOSTNAME=<AGENT_HOSTNAME> AGENT_PORT=<AGENT_PORT> -configOnly OMS_HOST=<oms
host> EM_UPLOAD_PORT=<OMS_UPLOAD_PORT> AGENT_REGISTRATION_PASSWORD=<REG_
PASSWORD>
3.
The OMS may block the Management Agent. Synchronize the Agent with the
repository using the following command:
<OMS_HOME>/bin/emcli resyncAgent -agent=<agent target name e.g.
myhost.example.com:3872>
If the Management Agent software home was not recovered along with the OMS
but the Management Agent still needs to be recovered, follow the instructions in
section Agent Reinstall Using the Same Port.
19-14 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Recovery of Failed Enterprise Manager Components
This is only likely to be needed in the case where a filesystem
recovery has been performed that did not include a backup of the
Management Agent software homes. If the OMS software homes were
recovered using the Software only install method, this step will not be
required because a Software only install installs an Management
Agent software home under the Middleware home.
Note:
7.
Verify that the site is fully operational.
19.6.4.5 Multiple OMS, Server Load Balancer Configured, Primary OMS Recovered
on a Different Host
Site hosts multiple OMS instances. OMS instances fronted by a Server Load Balancer.
OMS Configuration backed up using emctl exportconfig oms command. Primary OMS
on host "A" is lost and needs to be recovered on Host "B".
1.
If necessary, perform cleanup on failed OMS host.
Make sure there are no processes still running from the Middleware home using a
command similar to the following:
ps -ef | grep -i -P "(Middleware|gc_inst)" | grep -v grep | awk '{print $2}' |
xargs kill -9
2.
Ensure that software library locations are accessible from “Host B”.
3.
Restore the software homes on “Host B”. See Section 19.6.3.1, "Recovering the
Software Homes" for more information.
4.
Run omsca in recovery mode specifying the export file taken earlier to configure
the OMS:
<OMS_HOME>/bin/omsca recover –as –ms –nostart –backup_file <exportconfig file>
The -backup_file to be passed must be the latest file generated
from emctl exportconfig oms command.
Note:
5.
Start the OMS.
<OMS_HOME>/bin/emctl start oms
6.
Configure the Management Agent.
An Agent is installed as part of the Software only install and needs to be
configured using the agentDeploy.sh command:
<AGENT_HOME>/core/12.1.0.0.0/sysman/install/agentDeploy.sh AGENT_BASE_
DIR=<AGENT_BASE_DIR> AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME=<AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME> ORACLE_
HOSTNAME=<AGENT_HOSTNAME> AGENT_PORT=<AGENT_PORT> -configOnly OMS_HOST=<oms
host> EM_UPLOAD_PORT=<OMS_UPLOAD_PORT> AGENT_REGISTRATION_PASSWORD=<REG_
PASSWORD>
If any non-default plug-ins were previously deployed on the failed agent, they
must be re-deployed after recovery of the Agent. Note that this pertains to
plug-ins that existed on the recovering Agent before it failed (that are not related
to the OMS/Repository target), and any plug-ins for additional targets the OMS
Agent happened to be also monitoring. To re-deploy the plug-ins , run the
following command (not as part of config emrep, or manually):
Backing Up and Recovering Enterprise Manager
19-15
Recovery of Failed Enterprise Manager Components
emcli relocate_targets
7.
Additional Management Services, if any, must be re-enrolled with the Admin
Server that is now running on host B. To re-enroll the Management Services, run
the following command on each additional OMS:
<OMS-HOME>/bin/emctl enroll oms -as_host <new Admin Server host, i.e.
host B> -as_port <admin server port>
8.
Add the new OMS to the SLB virtual server pools and remove the old OMS.
9.
Relocate the oracle_emrep target to the Management Agent of the new OMS host
using the following commands:
<OMS_HOME>/bin/emcli sync
<OMS_HOME>/bin/emctl config emrep -agent <agent on host "B", e.g
myNewOMSHost.example.com:3872>
If you run emctl config emrep -agent and set the flag
-ignore_timeskew, there may a loss of monitoring data as the
availability of monitored targets may be affected when the
Management Services and Repository target is moved to the new
Agent.
Note:
10. In the Cloud Control console, locate the 'WebLogic Domain' target for the Cloud
Control Domain. Go to 'Monitoring Credentials' and update the adminserver host
to host B. Then do a Refresh Weblogic Domain to reconfigure the domain with
new hosts.
11. Locate duplicate targets from the Management Services and Repository Overview
page of the Enterprise Manager console. Click the Duplicate Targets link to access
the Duplicate Targets page. To resolve duplicate target errors, the duplicate target
must be renamed on the conflicting Management Agent. Relocate duplicate targets
from Management Agent "A" to Management Agent "B".
12. Assuming the original OMS host is no longer in use, remove the Host target
(including all remaining monitored targets) from Cloud Control by selecting the
host on the Targets > Hosts page and clicking ‘Remove’. You will be presented
with an error that informs you to remove all monitored targets first. Remove those
targets then repeat the step to remove the Host target successfully.
13. All other OMSs in the system must re-enroll with the newly recovered OMS using
the following command:
emctl enroll oms -as_host <new OMS host> -as_port <port #, default 7101>
14. Verify that the site is fully operational.
19.6.4.6 Multiple OMS, SLB configured, additional OMS recovered on same or
different host
Multiple OMS site where the OMS instances are fronted by an SLB. OMS configuration
backed up using the emctl exportconfig oms command on the first OMS. Additional
OMS is lost and needs to be recovered on the same or a different host.
1.
If recovering to the same host, ensure cleanup of the failed OMS has been
performed:
Make sure there are no processes still running from the Middleware home using a
command similar to the following:
19-16 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Recovery of Failed Enterprise Manager Components
ps -ef | grep -i -P "(Middleware|gc_inst)" | grep -v grep | awk '{print $2}' |
xargs kill -9
First de-install the existing Oracle Homes using the Cloud Control software
distribution installer. This is required even if the software homes are no longer
available as it is necessary to remove any record of the lost Oracle Homes from the
Oracle inventory.
If they exist, remove the Middleware and gc_inst directories.
2.
Ensure that shared software library locations are accessible.
3.
Install an Management Agent on the required host (same or different as the case
may be).
4.
For procedures on installing additional Oracle Management Services, see the
chapter on Installing Additional Oracle Management Services in Silent Mode in
the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and
Configuration Guide.
5.
Verify that the site is fully operational.
19.6.5 Recovering the Software Library
If the software library is lost, it should be restored from the last available backup. After
restoring the backup, the following commands must be run to verify and re-import
missing entities:
1.
emcli verify_swlib - This command verifies the accessibility of the software
library storage locations and reports if entities are missing any files on the file
system.
2.
emcli reimport_swlib_metadata - This command re-imports all Oracle-supplied
entities that are shipped along with the product. If you have a recent backup, this
should not be required. Run emcli reimport_swlib_metadata if the emcli
verify_swlib command reports Oracle-owned entities with files missing from the
filesystem.
3.
emcli verify_updates - This command verifies whether entities downloaded by
Self Update are missing from the software library. For each missing entity, the
command also displays the instructions to re-import the entitiy into the software
library.
19.6.6 Recovering Management Agents
If a Management Agent is lost, it should be reinstalled by cloning from a reference
install. Cloning from a reference install is often the fastest way to recover a
Management Agent install because it is not necessary to track and reapply
customizations and patches. Care should be taken to reinstall the Management Agent
using the same port. Using the Enterprise Manager's Management Agent
Resynchronization feature, a reinstalled Management Agent can be reconfigured using
target information present in the Management Repository.
Management Agent resynchronization can only be performed
by Enterprise Manager Super Administrators.
Note:
Backing Up and Recovering Enterprise Manager
19-17
Recovery of Failed Enterprise Manager Components
When the Management Agent is reinstalled using the same port, the OMS detects that
it has been re-installed and blocks it temporarily to prevent the auto-discovered targets
in the re-installed Management Agent from overwriting previous customizations.
Blocked Management Agents: This is a condition in which the OMS
rejects all heartbeat or upload requests from the blocked Management
Agent. Hence, a blocked Agent will not be able to upload any alerts or
metric data to the OMS. However, blocked Management Agents
continue to collect monitoring data.
An Agent can be blocked due to one of several conditions. They are:
■
■
■
Enterprise Manager has detected that the Agent has been restored
from a backup.
Plug-ins on the Agent do not match the records in the
Management Repository.
The user has manually blocked the Agent.
For the first two conditions, an Agent resynchronization is required to
unblock the agent by clearing the states on the Agent and pushing
plug-ins from the Management Repository.
The Management Agent can be resynchronized and unblocked from the Management
Agent homepage by using the emcli resyncAgent <agent target name> command.
Resynchronization pushes all targets from the Management Repository to the
Management Agent and then unblocks the Agent.
19.6.7 Management Agent Recovery Scenarios
The following scenarios illustrate various Management Agent recovery situations
along with the recovery steps. The Management Agent resynchronization feature
requires that a reinstalled Management Agent use the same port and location as the
previous Management Agent that crashed.
Management Agent resynchronization can only be performed
by Enterprise Manager Super Administrators.
Note:
19.6.7.1 Management Agent Reinstall Using the Same Port
A Management Agent is monitoring multiple targets. The Agent installation is lost.
1.
De-install the Agent Oracle Home using the Oracle Universal Installer.
Note:
2.
This step is necessary in order to clean up the inventory.
Install a new Management Agent or use the Management Agent clone option to
reinstall the Management Agent though Enterprise Manager. Specify the same
port that was used by the crashed Agent. The location of the install must be same
as the previous install.
The OMS detects that the Management Agent has been re-installed and blocks the
Management Agent.
3.
Initiate Management Agent Resynchronization using the following command:
19-18 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Recovering from a Simultaneous OMS-Management Repository Failure
emcli resyncAgent -agent="Agent Host:Port"
All targets in the Management Repository are pushed to the new Management
Agent. The Agent is instructed to clear backlogged files and then do a clearstate.
The Agent is then unblocked.
4.
Reconfigure User-defined Metrics if the location of User-defined Metric scripts
have changed.
5.
Verify that the Management Agent is operational and all target configurations
have been restored using the following emctl commands:
emctl status agent
emctl upload agent
There should be no errors and no XML files in the backlog.
19.6.7.2 Management Agent Restore from Filesystem Backup
A single Management Agent is monitoring multiple targets. File system backup for the
Agent Oracle Home exists. The Agent install is lost.
1.
Restore the Management Agent from the filesystem backup then start the
Management Agent.
The OMS detects that the Management Agent has been restored from backup and
blocks the Management Agent.
2.
Initiate Management Agent Resynchronization using the following command:
emcli resyncAgent -agent="Agent Host:Port"
All targets in the Management Repository are pushed to the new Management
Agent. The Agent is instructed to clear backlogged files and performs a clearstate.
The Management Agent is unblocked.
3.
Verify that the Management Agent is functional and all target configurations have
been restored using the following emctl commands:
emctl status agent
emctl upload agent
There should be no errors and no XML files in the backlog.
19.7 Recovering from a Simultaneous OMS-Management Repository
Failure
When both OMS and Management Repository fail simultaneously, the recovery
situation becomes more complex depending upon factors such as whether the OMS
and Management Repository recovery has to be performed on the same or different
host, or whether there are multiple OMS instances fronted by an SLB. In general, the
order of recovery for this type of compound failure should be Management Repository
first, followed by OMS instances following the steps outlined in the appropriate
recovery scenarios discussed earlier. The following scenarios illustrate two
OMS-Management Repository failures and the requisite recovery steps.
19.7.1 Collapsed Configuration: Incomplete Management Repository Recovery,
Primary OMS on the Same Host
Management Repository and the primary OMS are installed on same host (host "A").
The Management Repository database is running in noarchivelog mode. Full cold
Backing Up and Recovering Enterprise Manager
19-19
Recovering from a Simultaneous OMS-Management Repository Failure
backup is available. A recent OMS backup file exists ( emctl exportconfig oms). The
Management Repository, OMS and the Management Agent crash.
1.
Follow the Management Repository recovery procedure shown in Incomplete
Recovery on the Same Host with the following exception:
Since the OMS OracleHome is not available and Management Repository
resynchronization has to be initiated before starting an OMS against the restored
Management Repository, submit "resync" via the following PL/SQL block. Log
into the Management Repository as SYSMAN using SQLplus and run:
begin emd_maintenance.full_repository_resync('<resync name>'); end;
2.
Follow the OMS recovery procedure shown in Section 19.6.4.1, "Single OMS, No
Server Load Balancer (SLB), OMS Restored on the same Host."
3.
Verify that the site is fully operational.
19.7.2 Distributed Configuration: Incomplete Management Repository Recovery,
Primary OMS and additional OMS on Different Hosts, SLB Configured
The Management Repository, primary OMS, and additional OMS all reside on the
different hosts. The Management Repository database was running in noarchivelog
mode. OMS backup file from a recent backup exists (emctl exportconfig oms). Full cold
backup of the database exists. All three hosts are lost.
1.
Follow the Management Repository recovery procedure shown in Section 19.6.2.2,
"Incomplete Recovery on the Same Host." with the following exception:
Since OMS Oracle Home is not yet available and Management Repository resync
has to be initiated before starting an OMS against the restored Management
Repository, submit resync via the following PL/SQL block. Log into the
Management Repository as SYSMAN using SQLplus and run the following:
begin emd_maintenance.full_repository_resync('resync name'); end;
2.
Follow the OMS recovery procedure shown in Section 19.6.4.5, "Multiple OMS,
Server Load Balancer Configured, Primary OMS Recovered on a Different Host"
with the following exception:
Override the Management Repository connect description present in the backup
file by passing the additional omsca parameter:
-REPOS_CONN_STR <restored repos descriptor>
This needs to be added along with other parameters listed in Section 19.6.4.5,
"Multiple OMS, Server Load Balancer Configured, Primary OMS Recovered on a
Different Host."
3.
Follow the OMS recovery procedure shown in Section 19.6.4.6, "Multiple OMS,
SLB configured, additional OMS recovered on same or different host."
4.
Verify that the site is fully operational.
19-20 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
20
Running Multiple BI Publisher Servers
02
If you have upgraded from a prior release of Enterprise
Manager that was configured for multiple BI Publisher Servers, it is
necessary to repeat the steps in this chapter. Please note that the
existing shared storage, from the prior release of Enterprise Manager,
will continue to be used.
Note:
If you are running Enterprise Manager in a High Availability
environment (behind a Server Load Balancer (SLB)) be aware of the
following caveats:
Note:
■
■
If you have configured a primary BI Publisher server, on the
primary OMS system, then you need to insure that BI Publisher is
also configured and running on the additional OMS systems that
you have added. See the following sections in this chapter, on the
different paths to configure additional BI Publisher servers on
additional OMS systems.
If an Enterprise Manager system has a running OMS, and the
corresponding BI Publisher server is not running, then running BI
Publisher reports from Enterprise Manager will fail some of the
time. In this case, either bring up BI Publisher on that system
using:
emctl start oms -bip_only
or bring down that OMS on that system using:
emctl stop oms -all
Enterprise Manager 12c Release 4 (12.1.0.4) or greater allows you to configure
Enterprise Manager to work with multiple BI Publisher servers.
Important: Older versions of Enterprise Manager do not support the
BI Publisher multi-server environment described in this chapter.
This chapter covers the following:
■
Introduction BI Publisher Multi-Server Environments
■
Reconfiguring BI Publisher to Use a Shared Storage Device
Running Multiple BI Publisher Servers 20-1
Introduction BI Publisher Multi-Server Environments
■
■
■
Adding Secondary BI Publisher Server(s)
Confirming Correct Operation of Secondary BI Publisher Servers on an Additional
OMS System
Confirming Details of the Secondary BI Publisher Server
BI Publisher software is automatically installed on all systems
where Enterprise Manager 12.1.0.4 or greater was installed. This
chapter covers steps to configure the BI Publisher Server to run on
these systems.
Note:
20.1 Introduction BI Publisher Multi-Server Environments
Enterprise Manager 12c Release 4 (12.1.0.4) or greater permits multiple BI Publisher
servers to be integrated with Enterprise Manager.
Before additional BI Publisher servers can be added, the first BI Publisher must be
configured. Refer to the chapter Integrating BI Publisher with Enterprise Manager in the
Enterprise Manager Advanced Installation and Configuration guide for more
information. This "first" BI Publisher server, called "BIP", will be referred to as the
primary BI Publisher server.
BI Publisher multi-server deployments are not supported in
Enterprise Manager 12c Release 4 (12.1.0.4) or greater on Microsoft
Windows platforms.
Note:
BI Publisher stores all configuration data and report definitions in an Operating
System file system-based repository. Therefore, in order to support multiple BI
Publisher servers, read/write permissions must be available to this file system from all
the OMS systems in which you are to run BI Publisher. This is accomplished using
standard Network file system technologies.
If you are implementing multiple BI Publisher servers you must also make the BI
Publisher shared storage file system highly available. This file system needs to be
periodically backed up (for example, daily or hourly) using standard Operating
System commands, or a professional backup solution. It is also highly recommended
that a high availability disk solution be used such as a RAID (Redundant Array of
Inexpensive Drives) storage device. At least RAID 1 (redundancy) should be used.
Other RAID levels (such as RAID5 and RAID0+1) are also acceptable. Do not use
RAID0, as this is intended for speed, and not redundancy. RAID1 is not by itself a
backup solution. Raid 1 protects against disk drive failures, but periodic backups are
still required. If the files stored on this network storage device are lost, all BI Publisher
servers (both primary and secondary) will no longer be functional.
Once the RAID storage device is configured, it must be mounted on all systems where
you intend to install BI Publisher. Standard Operating System commands can be used
for this mount (for example, NFS). Two directories on the storage device must be
dedicated for BI Publisher files. These are known as the "Cluster Volume" and "Config
Volume".
20-2 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Introduction BI Publisher Multi-Server Environments
The space requirements for configuring BI Publisher shared
storage depends on the amount of space required for storing the
report catalog and associated management information.
Note:
At install time, the BI Publisher repository uses approximately 400 MB
of storage. Initially, 10 G should be made available for the BI Publisher
shared storage. This space requirement increases over a period of time
as you install additional Enterprise Manager plug-ins and create more
reports. Hence, you should ensure that this storage can easily be
extended in future.
Before additional BI Publisher servers are added to Enterprise Manager, BI Publisher
needs to be reconfigured to use this shared storage device. This is accomplished by
running the following the command on the primary OMS system:
emctl config oms -bip_shared_storage -config_volume <vol1> -cluster_volume <vol2>
Once the primary BI Publisher server is configured, and shared storage has been
configured, there are several paths that can be taken to enable secondary BI Publisher
server(s), on additional OMS systems:
■
Using the standard "Add an Oracle Management Service" provisioning job. If this
provisioning job is run after the primary BI Publisher server is configured, then the
additional OMS system will automatically be configured with a secondary BI
Publisher server.
If the primary BI Publisher server is configured, the "Add an
Oracle Management Service" provisioning job will not be available
until BI Publisher is reconfigured to use the shared storage device.
Note:
■
If the "Add and Oracle Management Service" provisioning job has already been
run, or an additional OMS system has been configured, a secondary BI Publisher
can be added to an existing additional OMS system using the command:
configureBIP -addBIP
This command should be run on the system where the additional OMS resides.
Determining BI Publisher Shared Storage Locations
The BI Publisher shared storage locations are stored as Enterprise Manager OMS
properties. You can query for the shared storage locations using the following emctl
commands:
emctl get property -name
oracle.sysman.core.eml.ip.bip.SharedStorageConfigVolume
emctl get property -name
oracle.sysman.core.eml.ip.bip.SharedStorageClusterVolume
Example:
-bash-3.2$ emctl get property -name
oracle.sysman.core.eml.ip.bip.SharedStorageConfigVolume
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 4
Copyright (c) 1996, 2014 Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved.
SYSMAN password:
Running Multiple BI Publisher Servers 20-3
Reconfiguring BI Publisher to Use a Shared Storage Device
Value for property oracle.sysman.core.eml.ip.bip.SharedStorageConfigVolume at
Global level is /oracle/BIP/config
20.2 Reconfiguring BI Publisher to Use a Shared Storage Device
If you decide to use the Unix Network File System
(NFS) for the BI Publisher shared storage, do not use NFS volumes
that are managed by the NFS automounter as it typically mounts the
/net directory (non-fixed mount point). Instead, use NFS mounts that
use a fixed mount point. For example: /oracle/em/BIP.
Important:
As broadly outlined above, in order to support multiple BI Publisher servers, the
following command must be run:
emctl config oms -bip_shared_storage -config_volume <vol1> -cluster_volume <vol2>
Be sure to keep the storage location for these volumes (for example, vol1 and vol2
shown in the previous section) available. Do not delete these files.
This command will prompt for the WebLogic Administration Server password as well
as the Repository User (SYSMAN) Password.
The command executes the following steps:
1.
The supplied credentials are validated.
2.
Certain pre-requisite tests are run. These include:
■
The two volumes must not be the same as the previously configured shared
storage volumes (if any).
■
The two volumes must be distinct
■
The file system mount points for the two volumes must exist.
■
The two volumes must be completely empty.
■
The two volumes must be writable.
3.
The BI Publisher server on the local system (the primary BI Publisher server
named "BIP") is stopped.
4.
The existing BI Publisher file system-based repository, which was installed when
the primary BI Publisher was configured, is copied to the Configuration Volume
(-config_volume).
5.
The primary BI Publisher server, named "BIP", is reconfigured to use WebLogic
JMS Queues and WebLogic Persistence Stores (used by the BI Publisher scheduler)
that are stored in the Cluster Volume (-cluster_volume).
6.
The BI Publisher scheduler is reconfigured to support multiple BI Publisher
servers and to use the new locations discussed previously.
7.
The values for the two volumes are stored as OMS properties in the Enteprise
Manager repository database.
8.
The primary BI Publisher is configured to point at the new Configuration Volume.
9.
BI Publisher is started.
10. An overall status is displayed.
20-4 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Adding Secondary BI Publisher Server(s)
The following example shows output generated by running the emctl config oms
-bip_shared_storage command:
$ emctl config oms -bip_shared_storage -config_volume /BIP_STORAGE/config
-cluster_volume /BIP_STORAGE/cluster
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 4
Copyright (c) 1996, 2014 Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved.
Enter Admin User's Password :
Enter Enterprise Manager Root (SYSMAN) Password :
Stopping BI Publisher Server...
BI Publisher Server Successfully Stopped
BI Publisher Server is Down
Copying The BI Publisher repository from the location '...........gc_inst/user_
projects/domains/GCDomain/config/bipublisher/repository' to the location '/BIP_
STORAGE/config/bipublisher/repository'. This can take some time. Do not interrupt
this command while it is running.
Copied BI Publisher repository to the location '/BIP_
STORAGE/config/bipublisher/repository'
Configuring BI Publisher server named 'BIP' for use in a High Availability
environment. This operation can take some time. Do not interrupt this command
while it is running.
Updating BI Publisher Scheduler configuration ...
Updating BI Publisher shared storage properties ...
The BI Publisher properties have been updated.
The BI Publisher storage for configuration data is in the location '/BIP_
STORAGE/config'
The BI Publisher storage for cluster data is '/BIP_STORAGE/cluster'
BI Publisher has been configured to point to the BI Publisher repository in the
location '/BIP_STORAGE/config'
Starting BI Publisher Server ...
BI Publisher Server Successfully Started
BI Publisher Server is Up
BI Publisher storage has been configured for the BI Publisher server named 'BIP'
running at the URL: https://em.example.com:9702/xmlpserver
Overall result of operations: SUCCESS
20.3 Adding Secondary BI Publisher Server(s)
As discussed earlier, there are two methods to configure additional BI Publisher
servers. The method used will depend on when the primary BI Publisher server is
configured, in relation to when the additional OMS server(s) is created using the Add
an OMS provisioning job (or other means). The following paths illustrate these
methods:
Path A
Install Enterprise Manager
1.
Configure the primary BI Publisher Server using configureBIP or configureBIP
-upgrade.
2.
Configure BI Publisher shared storage using emctl config oms -bip_shared_storage
3.
Add OMS using the Add OMS provisioning job
A secondary BI Publisher server is automatically configured along with the
additional OMS system.
Path B
Install Enterprise Manager
Running Multiple BI Publisher Servers 20-5
Adding Secondary BI Publisher Server(s)
1.
Add OMS's using Add OMS provisioning job or other means, such as a
software-only install.
2.
Configure primary BI Publisher server, using configureBIP or configureBIP -upgrade
3.
Configure BI Publisher shared storage using emctl config oms -bip_shared_storage
4.
Configure additional BI Publisher servers using configureBIP -addBIP on the
additional OMS system where you wish to run multiple BI Publisher servers.
In order to run the configureBIP -addBIP command, the OMS
for the current system must be up and running. This can be verified
by running the emctl status oms command as shown in the following
example:
Note:
$ emctl status oms
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 4
Copyright (c) 1996, 2015 Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved.
WebTier is Up
Oracle Management Server is Up
As these two paths illustrate, you can see the necessary prerequisite to adding
secondary BI Publisher server(s), depending on when you decide to configure the
primary BI Publisher server.
20.3.1 Path A - Configuring a Secondary BI Publisher Server Automatically using the
"add OMS Provisioning" Job
If you are planning on building an Enterprise Manager HA installation that will
leverage the reporting capabilities of BI Publisher, then path A will be more
straightforward. All additional OMS systems that are added will automatically get
secondary BI Publisher servers.
20.3.1.1 Configuring the Primary BI Publishser Server
See the Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide " Integrating BI Publisher with
Enterprise Manager".
20.3.1.2 Reconfiguring BI Publisher to Use Shared Storage
After the primary BI Publisher server is installed, and you have verified it is operating
correctly (as detailed in this chapter) you can proceed to reconfigure BI Publisher to
use shared storage. See "Reconfiguring BI Publisher to Use a Shared Storage Device"
on page 20-4.
20.3.1.3 Adding an Additional OMS System and Automatically Configuring a
Secondary BI Publisher Server
Once the BI Publisher shared storage is configured, the "add OMS Provisioning job"
will be aware of the configured BI Publisher server. All that will be required is to enter
the HTTP and HTTPS ports to use, on the additional OMS system, for the secondary BI
Publisher server. The "add OMS provisioning job" performs pre-requisite steps to
insure tha the BI Publisher shared storage has been configured. In the event of failure
in automatically configuring the secondary BI Publisher server, you can fallback to
Path B.
20-6 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Adding Secondary BI Publisher Server(s)
20.3.2 Path B: Configuring Secondary BI Publisher Server(s) after Additional OMS
Systems have already been added
If the Enterprise Manager topology already includes additional OMS systems, and the
primary BI Publisher server has not yet been configured, there are additional steps to
follow to enable the primary BI Publisher server and one or more steps to configure
secondary BI Publisher server(s) on additional OMS system(s).
20.3.2.1 Configuring primary BI Publisher Server
See the "Integrating BI Publisher with Enterprise Manager" in the Enterprise Manager
Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide.
20.3.2.2 Reconfiguring BI Publisher to Use Shared Storage
After the primary BI Publisher server is installed (and you have verified it operates
correctly as documented above) you can proceed to reconfigure BI Publisher to use
shared storage.
20.3.2.3 Configuring a Secondary BI Publisher server(s)
For each additional OMS system on which you are also going to run a secondary BI
Publisher server, the "configureBIP -addBIP" command must be run.
This command is run on the system that hosts the additional
OMS system, and not the system on which the primary OMS system
resides.
Note:
The following example lists command output when configuring a secondary BI
Publisher server on an additional OMS system.
$ configureBIP -addBIP
Configuring BI Publisher Version "11.1.1.7.0" to work with Enterprise Manager
Logging started at /oracle/Middleware/oms/cfgtoollogs/bip/bipca_
20140221125351.log.
A new BI Publisher server is going to be added.
Do You really want to add a BI Publisher server (Y|N):y
Enter sysdba user name (sys):
Enter sysdba user password:
Enter Administration Server user password:
Configuring BI Publisher in Oracle Home located in /oracle/Middleware/Oracle_BI1
...
Enter an integer between 9701 and 49152 for the BI Publisher HTTP server port.
(9701):
Enter an integer between 9702 and 49152 for the BI Publisher HTTPS server port.
(9702):
Configuring BI publisher on additional OMS system. This operation can take some
time. Do not interrupt this command while it is running...
Locking Enterprise Manager ...
OMS Console is locked. Access the console over HTTPS ports.
Restart OMS.
Restarting Enterprise Manager ...
Stopping Enterprise Manager, this can take some time ...
Starting Enterprise Manager. This operation can take some time. Do not interrupt
this command while it is running.
OMS Started Successfully
Successfully configured additional BI Publisher server.
Running Multiple BI Publisher Servers 20-7
Confirming Correct Operation of Secondary BI Publisher Servers on an Additional OMS System
20.4 Confirming Correct Operation of Secondary BI Publisher Servers on
an Additional OMS System
Regardless of whether Path A or B is chosen to configure a secondary BI Publisher
server, the "emctl status oms" command can be used to confirm successful
configuration.
$ emctl status oms
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 4
Copyright (c) 1996, 2014 Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved.
WebTier is Up
Oracle Management Server is Up
BI Publisher Server is Up
20.5 Confirming Details of the Secondary BI Publisher Server
To obtain information about secondary BI Publisher servers, run the following
command
emctl status oms -details
Notice that secondary BI Publisher servers have the server name "BIPx", where "x"
matches the server number of the OMS (for example, EMGC_OMS2 : BIP2, EMGC_
OMS3 : BIP3).
$ emctl status oms -details
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 4
Copyright (c) 1996, 2014 Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved.
Enter Enterprise Manager Root (SYSMAN) Password :
Console Server Host
: em.example.com
HTTP Console Port
: 7788
HTTPS Console Port
: 7799
HTTP Upload Port
: 4889
HTTPS Upload Port
: 4900
EM Instance Home
: /oracle/gc_inst/em/EMGC_OMS2
OMS Log Directory Location : /oracle/gc_inst/em/EMGC_OMS2/sysman/log
OMS is not configured with SLB or virtual hostname
Agent Upload is locked.
OMS Console is locked.
Active CA ID: 1
Console URL: https://em.example.com:7799/em
Upload URL: https://em.example.com:4900/empbs/upload
WLS Domain Information
Domain Name
: GCDomain
Admin Server Host
: emas.example.com
Admin Server HTTPS Port: 7101
Oracle Management Server Information
Managed Server Instance Name: EMGC_OMS2
Oracle Management Server Instance Host: em.example.com
WebTier is Up
Oracle Management Server is Up
BI Publisher Server is Up
BI Publisher Server named 'BIP2' running at local URL:
https://em.example.com:7799/xmlpserver
BI Publisher Server Logs: /oracle/gc_inst/user_
projects/domains/GCDomain/servers/BIP2/logs/
BI Publisher Log
: /oracle/gc_inst/user_
20-8 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Confirming Details of the Secondary BI Publisher Server
projects/domains/GCDomain/servers/BIP2/logs/bipublisher/bipublisher.log
Running Multiple BI Publisher Servers 20-9
Confirming Details of the Secondary BI Publisher Server
20-10 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Part VII
Part VII
Deinstallation
In particular, this part contains the following chapters:
■
Chapter 21, "Deinstalling Enterprise Manager (Single and Multi-OMS
Environments)"
■
Chapter 22, "Deinstalling Oracle Management Agents"
■
Chapter 23, "Deinstalling ADP and JVMD"
■
Chapter 24, "Removing Standby Oracle Management Services"
21
Deinstalling Enterprise Manager (Single and
Multi-OMS Environments)
21
This chapter describes how you can deinstall an entire Enterprise Manager system,
and also how you can remove the entries of an Oracle Management Service (OMS)
from the Oracle Management Repository (Management Repository) in case you lost
the host where the OMS was running.
In particular, this chapter covers the following:
■
Deinstalling Enterprise Manager
■
Deinstalling or Undeploying Only Plug-ins from the OMS
■
Deleting OMS Entries from the Management Repository
21.1 Deinstalling Enterprise Manager
This section covers the following subsections to describe how you can deinstall the
entire Enterprise Manager system—single OMS environment or multi-OMS
environment with additional Oracle Management Services (OMS).
■
Prerequisites for Deinstalling Only the OMS and Retaining the Management
Repository
■
Prerequisites for Deinstalling the Entire Enterprise Manager System
■
Procedure for Deinstalling Enterprise Manager
■
After Deinstalling Enterprise Manager
Caution: Make sure you meet the prerequisites before deinstalling
the software. Make sure you follow the flow or sequence outlined
in this chapter. For example, make sure you drop the schemas as
described in the prerequisites section before deinstalling the
software binaries. Do NOT change the order of instructions.
21.1.1 Prerequisites for Deinstalling Only the OMS and Retaining the Management
Repository
Before you deinstall Enterprise Manager, meet the following prerequisites:
1.
(For Multi-OMS Environment, and if Oracle BI Publisher is Configured on Additional
OMS Instances) Stop all the Oracle BI Publisher managed servers, which are
running on the additional OMS hosts, by running the following command from
the OMS home on each host:
Deinstalling Enterprise Manager (Single and Multi-OMS Environments) 21-1
Deinstalling Enterprise Manager
$<OMS_HOME>/bin/emctl stop oms -bip_only
If any Oracle BI Publisher managed server fails to stop, then
manually kill it using the operating system commands.
Note:
2.
(For Multi-OMS Environment, and if Oracle BI Publisher is Configured on Additional
OMS Instances) Delete all the Oracle BI Publisher managed servers, which you
stopped in the previous step, by running the following command:
$<OMS_HOME>/bin/configureBIP -delete
3.
(For Multi-OMS Environment) Deconfigure and delete all the additional OMS
instances by running the following command from each of their homes:
$<OMS_HOME>/bin/omsca delete -OMSNAME <oms_name>
Note:
■
■
Run this command on each of the additional OMS instances.
You are prompted to confirm your action, and furnish the
AdminServer credentials and the repository database details such
as the database host name, listener port, SID, and password. Once
you provide the required details, the command automatically
stops the OMS, Oracle WebLogic Server, and also Oracle WebTier.
For example, if you have two additional OMS instances named EMGC_Addln_OMS2
and EMGC_Addln_OMS3, on two different hosts, then on the first additional OMS,
run the following command:
/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/oms/bin/omsca delete -OMSNAME EMGC_Addln_OMS2
Then, on the second additional OMS, run the following command:
/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/oms/bin/omsca delete -OMSNAME EMGC_Addln_OMS3
4.
5.
(For Multi-OMS Environment) Manually delete the following WebLogic targets of
the deleted OMS:
■
/EMGC_GCDomain/GCDomain/EMGC_OMS2 (Oracle WebLogic Server)
■
/EMGC_GCDomain/instance2/ohs2 (Oracle HTTP Server)
(For Multi-OMS Environment) Stop all the Oracle Management Agents
(Management Agent), which are running on the additional OMS hosts, by running
the following command from each of their homes:
$<AGENT_HOME>/bin/emctl stop agent
Run this command on each of the Management Agents
configured with the additional OMS instances.
Note:
For example, if you have two additional OMS instances with a Management Agent
on each of them, then on the first additional OMS host where the first
Management Agent is running, run the following command:
/u01/app/Oracle/agent/core/12.1.0.5.0/bin/emctl stop agent
21-2 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Deinstalling Enterprise Manager
Then, on the second additional OMS host where the second Management Agent is
running, run the following command:
/u01/app/Oracle/agent/core/12.1.0.5.0/bin/emctl stop agent
6.
(If Oracle BI Publisher is Configured on the First [Main] OMS) Stop the Oracle BI
Publisher managed server running on the first (main) OMS, by running the
following command from the OMS home:
$<OMS_HOME>/bin/emctl stop oms -bip_only
If any Oracle BI Publisher managed server fails to stop, then
manually kill it using the operating system commands.
Note:
7.
Deconfigure and delete the first (main) OMS where the Admin Server is
configured:
$<OMS_HOME>/bin/omsca delete -full
For example,
/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/oms/bin/omsca delete -full
You are prompted to confirm your action, and furnish the AdminServer
credentials and the repository database details such as the database host name,
listener port, SID, and password. Once you provide the required details, the
command automatically stops the OMS, Oracle WebLogic Server, and also Oracle
WebTier.
Note: If the Oracle Database where the Management Repository is
configured, is set with a service name, then run the following
command:
■
On UNIX platforms:
./omsca delete -full -REP_CONN_STR
’(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS_
LIST=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=<>)(PORT=<>)))(CONNECT_
DATA=(SERVICE_NAME=<>)))'
For example,
/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/oms/bin/omsca delete -full -REP_
CONN_STR ’(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS_
LIST=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=example.com)(PORT=1521)))(CON
NECT_DATA=(SERVICE_NAME=srvc.example.com)))'
■
On Microsoft Windows platforms:
.\omsca delete -full -REP_CONN_STR
"(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS_
LIST=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=<>)(PORT=<>)))(CONNECT_
DATA=(SERVICE_NAME=<>)))"
For example,
C:\Program Files\Oracle\Middleware\oms\bin\omsca delete -full
-REP_CONN_STR "(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS_
LIST=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=example.com)(PORT=1521)))(CON
NECT_DATA=(SERVICE_NAME=srvc.example.com)))"
Deinstalling Enterprise Manager (Single and Multi-OMS Environments) 21-3
Deinstalling Enterprise Manager
Note: When you run omsca delete -full on the first (main) OMS,
the command also deletes the primary Oracle BI Publisher managed
server, if configured on the first OMS.
8.
Stop the Management Agent running on the first (main) OMS, by running the
following command from its home:
$<AGENT_HOME>/bin/emctl stop agent
For example,
/u01/app/Oracle/agent/core/12.1.0.5.0/bin/emctl stop agent
9.
Stop the Oracle WebLogic Server so that it does not access the schemas you are
going to drop in the next step. For instructions, see the chapter on starting and
stopping Oracle Fusion Middleware components in the Oracle Fusion Middleware
Administrator's Guide.
21.1.2 Prerequisites for Deinstalling the Entire Enterprise Manager System
Before you deinstall Enterprise Manager, meet the following prerequisites:
1.
Perform the steps outlined in Section 21.1.1.
2.
Drop the Oracle Management Repository (Management Repository):
WARNING: Once the Management Repository is dropped, it
CANNOT be retrieved. Therefore, drop the Management
Repository ONLY IF you want to deinstall the entire Enterprise
Manager system, that is, all your OMS instances, Management
Agents, and also the Management Repository. If you want to
deinstall only the OMS (or any additional OMS), then do not drop
the Management Repository.
WARNING: The RepManager in drop mode puts the database in
quiesce mode by "ALTER SYSTEM QUIESCE RESTRICTED;"
command.
a.
Ensure that there are no SYSMAN users logged in.
b.
Drop the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control schema (SYSMAN schema) and
the Metadata schema (MDS schema) from the Management Repository by
running the following command from the OMS home:
$<OMS_HOME>/sysman/admin/emdrep/bin/RepManager <database_host>
<repository_database_port> <repository_database_sid> -action drop
-dbUser <repository_database_user> -dbPassword <repository_
database_password> -dbRole <repository_database_user_role>
-reposName <repository_name> -mwHome <middleware_home> -mwOraHome
<middleware_ora_home> -oracleHome <OMS_HOME>
For example,
/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/oms/sysman/admin/emdrep/bin/RepManager
example.com 1234 sid_em -action drop -dbUser sys -dbPassword letmein
-dbRole sysdba -reposName SYSMAN -mwHome /u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/
21-4 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Deinstalling Enterprise Manager
-mwOraHome /u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/ -oracleHome
/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/oms/
Note:
■
■
For Microsoft Windows, invoke RepManager.bat.
On Microsoft Windows, if you are invoking RepManager.bat from
outside of <OMS_HOME>\sysman\admin\emdrep\bin directory, then
set the ORACLE_HOME environment variable to the OMS home.
For example,
set ORACLE_HOME=c:\oracle\middleware\oms
■
■
■
■
OMS home or $<OMS_HOME> refers to the first (main) OMS where
the Admin Server is configured.
-mwHome and -mwOraHome refer to the middleware home where the
first (main) OMS is configured. The first (main) OMS is the OMS
where the Admin Server is configured.
-oracleHome refers to the Oracle home of the first (main) OMS
where the Admin Server is configured.
If you are dropping the schemas that belong to a 10g Release 2
(10.2.x.x) Management Repository, then run the command without
these arguments: -mwHome <middleware_home> -mwOraHome
<middleware_ora_home> -oracleHome <oracle_home>
For example,
/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/oms/sysman/admin/emdrep/bin/Re
pManager example.com 1234 sid_em -action drop -dbUser sys
-dbPassword letmein -dbRole sysdba -reposName SYSMAN
■
■
For information on the support for -action drop and -action
dropall, see Table 2–3.
The -action drop command drops all the schemas and provides a
confirmation message. If the action was unsuccessful, then it lists
all the entities that could not be cleaned or dropped. For example,
X schema is not cleaned, synonyms are not cleaned, tablespaces
are not cleaned. In this case, rerun the command.
If you do not have RepManager, or if you want to manually clean
up the leftover entities, then see My Oracle Support note 1365820.1.
■
c.
If you want to drop the Enterprise Manager schema completely,
then use the RepManager available in the OMS home. Do not use
the one in database home because it cannot remove the Enterprise
Manager schema completely.
Manually delete the data files mgmt.dbf and mgmt_ecm_depot1.dbf from the
database home.
Deinstalling Enterprise Manager (Single and Multi-OMS Environments) 21-5
Deinstalling Enterprise Manager
On Microsoft Windows, if you see the following error while
deleting the .dbf files, then stop the database service, and try deleting
the files again.
Note:
The process cannot access the file because it is being used
by another process
21.1.3 Procedure for Deinstalling Enterprise Manager
This section describes the following:
■
Deinstalling Enterprise Manager in Graphical Mode
■
Deinstalling Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode
21.1.3.1 Deinstalling Enterprise Manager in Graphical Mode
To deinstall Enterprise Manager—single OMS environment or multi-OMS
environment with additional OMS instances—in graphical mode, follow these steps:
Note:
■
■
1.
Deinstall the components in the order described in this procedure.
Otherwise, the installation wizard displays an error.
For a multi-OMS environment, perform the steps outlined in
this section on each of the additional OMS instances.
Invoke the installer from the OMS home by running the following command:
$<OMS_HOME>/oui/bin/runInstaller -deinstall ORACLE_HOME=<absolute_path_
to_oms_home> -jreLoc <path> [-removeallfiles] [-invPtrLoc <absolute_
path_to_oraInst.loc>]
For example,
/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/oms/oui/bin/runInstaller -deinstall
ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/oms/ -jreLoc
/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/jdk16/jdk -removeallfiles -invPtrLoc
/u01/oraInst.loc
Note:
■
■
■
2.
You can invoke the installer even from the directory where you
downloaded the software. For example, <software_location>/.
The -invPtrLoc parameter is supported only on UNIX platforms,
and not on Microsoft Windows platforms.
When you run runInstaller -help, you will see the option
-nowarningonremovefiles listed. This option is currently not
supported and has no effect even if you use it.
On the Inventory screen, select the plug-in homes, and click Remove.
■
If you are deinstalling the entire Enterprise Manager system (with or without
the Management Repository), then deinstall all the plug-in homes, including
the OMS and Management Agent plug-in homes.
21-6 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Deinstalling Enterprise Manager
■
If you are deinstalling an additional OMS, then deinstall only the OMS plug-in
homes.
3.
On the Inventory screen, select the sbin home, and click Remove.
4.
On the Inventory screen, select the Java Development Kit (JDK) home, and click
Remove.
Deinstall JDK only if it was installed by the installation wizard
while installing the Enterprise Manager system. Otherwise, you can
skip this step.
Note:
After deinstalling JDK, do NOT exit the installer. If you exit
the installer inadvertently, then follow these steps:
Note:
1.
Manually download and install JDK 1.6.0.43.0 on the OMS host. If you
already have this supported version, then you can reuse it.
2.
Invoke the installer again and pass the absolute path to the location
where you have JDK:
$<OMS_HOME>/oui/bin/runInstaller -deinstall -jreLoc <JDK_
HOME> [-removeallfiles] [-invPtrLoc <absolute_path_to_
oraInst.loc>]
5.
On the Inventory screen, select the Oracle WebTier home, and click Remove.
6.
On the Inventory screen, select the Oracle BI Publisher home, and click Remove.
You must perform this step even if you have not configured
Oracle BI Publisher.
Note:
7.
On the Inventory screen, select the OMS home, the Management Agent home, and
the Oracle Common directory, and click Remove.
■
■
If you are deinstalling the entire Enterprise Manager system (with or without
the Management Repository), then select and deinstall the OMS home, the
Management Agent home, and the Oracle Common directory.
If you are deinstalling an additional OMS, then do one of the following:
–
If you plan to install another additional OMS on that host later, then select
and deinstall only the OMS home and the Oracle Common directory.
In this case, do NOT select and deinstall the Management Agent home.
This Management Agent home belongs to the standalone Management
Agent that was installed as a prerequisite for additional OMS installation.
You will need this Management Agent when you install the new additional OMS. If you deinstall it now, then you will have to reinstall it later
when you plan to install the new additional OMS.
–
If you do not plan to install another OMS on that host, then select and
deinstall the OMS home, the Management Agent home, and the Oracle
Common directory.
8.
On the Inventory screen, click Close to exit the wizard.
9.
Manually delete the middleware home:
Deinstalling Enterprise Manager (Single and Multi-OMS Environments) 21-7
Deinstalling Enterprise Manager
For UNIX platforms:
rm -rf <absolute_path_to_middleware_home>
For Microsoft Windows platforms:
del <absolute_path_to_middleware_home>
If you see an error stating that the middleware home could not
be deleted because of a long path, then shorten the middleware home
name in one of the following ways:
Note:
■
Rename the middleware home to a short name.
For example, change C:\Oracle\Middleware to C:\OR\MW.
■
Mount a drive to the middleware home path.
For example, if C:\Oracle\Middleware\oms\bin is the directory
that is causing an issue, then shorten the path in such a way that
path length decreases to a reasonable extent (the file path limits
differ from one operating system to another).
Mount C:\Oracle\Middleware\oms to drive Z.
■
Navigate to drive Z, and delete the files:
prompt>Z:
prompt>del bin
■
Navigate to the middleware home, and
delete the leftover files:
prompt:>C:
prompt>del C:\Oracle\Middleware\
21.1.3.2 Deinstalling Enterprise Manager in Silent Mode
To deinstall Enterprise Manager—single OMS environment or multi-OMS
environment with additional OMS instances—in silent mode, follow these steps:
Note:
■
■
1.
Deinstall the components in the order described in this procedure.
Otherwise, the installation wizard displays an error.
For a multi-OMS environment, perform the steps outlined in
this section on each of the additional OMS instances.
Deinstall Oracle WebLogic Server 11g Release 1 (10.3.6) following the instructions
outlined in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Installation Guide for Oracle WebLogic
Server. See the chapter that describes how you can deinstall the software.
The Oracle Fusion Middleware Installation Guide for Oracle WebLogic Server is
available in the Oracle WebLogic Server documentation library available at:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/indexes/documentation/index.html
21-8 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Deinstalling Enterprise Manager
Note: Deinstall Oracle WebLogic Server 11g Release 1 (10.3.6) only if
it was installed by the installation wizard while installing the
Enterprise Manager system.
2.
Deinstall the plug-in homes:
■
■
If you are deinstalling the entire Enterprise Manager system (with or without
the Management Repository), then deinstall all the plug-in homes, including
the OMS and Management Agent plug-in homes.
If you are deinstalling an additional OMS, then deinstall only the OMS plug-in
homes.
To deinstall the plug-in homes, run the following command:
$<OMS_HOME>/oui/bin/runInstaller -deinstall -silent "REMOVE_
HOMES={absolute_path_to_plug-in_home}" ORACLE_HOME=<absolute_path_to_
oms_home> -jreLoc <JDK_HOME> [-removeallfiles] [-invPtrLoc <absolute_
path_to_oraInst.loc>]
For example,
/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/oms/oui/bin/runInstaller -deinstall -silent "REMOVE_
HOMES={/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/plugins/oracle.sysman.db.oms.plugin_
12.1.0.2.0,/u01/app/Oracle/agent/plugins/oracle.sysman.db.discovery.plugin_
12.1.0.2.0}" ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/oms -jreLoc
/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/jdk16/jdk -removeAllFiles -invPtrLoc
/u01/oraInst.loc
Note:
■
You can invoke the installer even from the directory where you
downloaded the software. If you do so, then do NOT pass
-removeallfiles.
For example, if you have downloaded the software to
/u01/app/Oracle/Downloads, then run the following command,
skipping the -removeallfiles argument.
/u01/app/Oracle/Downloads/Disk1/runInstaller -deinstall -silent
"REMOVE_
HOMES={/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/plugins/oracle.sysman.db.oms.
plugin_
12.1.0.2.0,/u01/app/Oracle/agent/plugins/oracle.sysman.db.disco
very.plugin_12.1.0.2.0}" ORACLE_
HOME=/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/oms -jreLoc
/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/jdk16 -invPtrLoc /u01/oraInst.loc
■
■
■
3.
When you run runInstaller -help, you will see the option
-nowarningonremovefiles listed. This option is currently not
supported and has no effect even if you use it.
To deinstall multiple plug-ins, enter the plug-in homes separated
by a comma.
The -invPtrLoc parameter is supported only on UNIX platforms,
and not on Microsoft Windows platforms.
Deinstall the sbin home:
Deinstalling Enterprise Manager (Single and Multi-OMS Environments) 21-9
Deinstalling Enterprise Manager
$<OMS_HOME>/oui/bin/runInstaller -deinstall -silent "REMOVE_
HOMES={absolute_path_to_sbin_home}" ORACLE_HOME=<absolute_path_to_oms_
home> -jreLoc <JDK_HOME> [-removeAllFiles] [-invPtrLoc <absolute_path_
to_oraInst.loc>]
For example,
/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/oms/oui/bin/runInstaller -deinstall -silent "REMOVE_
HOMES={/u01/app/Oracle/agent/sbin}" ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/oms
-jreLoc /u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/jdk16 -removeAllFiles -invPtrLoc
/u01/oraInst.loc
4.
Deinstall the Java Development Kit (JDK) home:
$<OMS_HOME>/oui/bin/runInstaller -deinstall -silent "REMOVE_
HOMES={absolute_path_to_jdk_home}" ORACLE_HOME=<absolute_path_to_oms_
home> -jreLoc <JDK_HOME> [-removeAllFiles] [-invPtrLoc <absolute_path_
to_oraInst.loc>]
For example,
/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/oms/oui/bin/runInstaller -deinstall -silent "REMOVE_
HOMES={/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/jdk16}" ORACLE_
HOME=/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/oms -jreLoc /u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/jdk16
-removeAllFiles -invPtrLoc /u01/oraInst.loc
Deinstall JDK only if it was installed by the installation wizard
while installing the Enterprise Manager system. Otherwise, you can
skip this step.
Note:
5.
Manually download and install JDK 1.6.0.43.0 on the OMS host. If you already
have this supported version, then you can reuse it.
You must reinstall JDK because the installer has a dependency on it. The new JDK
can be installed anywhere on the OMS host, not necessarily in the same location
where it existed before. However, ensure that you pass the -jreLoc parameter (as
described in the following steps) while invoking the installer to indicate the
location where you have installed the JDK.
6.
Deinstall the Oracle WebTier home:
$<OMS_HOME>/oui/bin/runInstaller -deinstall -silent "REMOVE_
HOMES={absolute_path_to_web_tier}" ORACLE_HOME=<absolute_path_to_oms_
home> -jreLoc <JDK_HOME> [-removeAllFiles] [-invPtrLoc <absolute_path_
to_oraInst.loc>]
For example,
/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/oms/oui/bin/runInstaller -deinstall -silent "REMOVE_
HOMES={/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/Oracle_WT}" ORACLE_
HOME=/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/oms -jreLoc /u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/jdk16
-removeAllFiles -invPtrLoc /u01/oraInst.loc
7.
Deinstall the Oracle BI Publisher home:
$<OMS_HOME>/oui/bin/runInstaller -deinstall -silent "REMOVE_
HOMES={absolute_path_to_bip}" ORACLE_HOME=<absolute_path_to_oms_home>
-jreLoc <JDK_HOME> [-removeAllFiles] [-invPtrLoc <absolute_path_to_
oraInst.loc>]
21-10 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Deinstalling Enterprise Manager
You must perform this step even if you have not configured
Oracle BI Publisher.
Note:
For example,
/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/oms/oui/bin/runInstaller -deinstall -silent "REMOVE_
HOMES={/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/Oracle_BI1}" ORACLE_
HOME=/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/oms -jreLoc /u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/jdk16
-removeAllFiles -invPtrLoc /u01/oraInst.loc
8.
Deinstall the OMS home, the Management Agent home, and the Oracle Common
directory.
■
■
If you are deinstalling the entire Enterprise Manager system (with or without
the Management Repository), then deinstall the OMS home, the Management
Agent home, and the Oracle Common directory.
If you are deinstalling an additional OMS, then do one of the following:
–
If you plan to install another additional OMS on that host later, then
deinstall only the OMS home and the Oracle Common directory.
In this case, do NOT select and deinstall the Management Agent home.
This Management Agent home belongs to the standalone Management
Agent that was installed as a prerequisite for additional OMS installation.
You will need this Management Agent when you install the new additional OMS. If you deinstall it now, then you will have to reinstall it later
when you plan to install the new additional OMS.
–
If you do not plan to install another OMS on that host, then deinstall the
OMS home, the Management Agent home, and the Oracle Common
directory.
To deinstall the OMS home, the Management Agent home, and the Oracle
Common directory, run the following command:
$<OMS_HOME>/oui/bin/runInstaller -deinstall -silent "REMOVE_
HOMES={absolute_path_to_oracle_homes_and_directories_to_be_
deinstalled}" ORACLE_HOME=<absolute_path_to_oms_home> -jreLoc <JDK_
HOME> [-removeAllFiles] [-invPtrLoc <absolute_path_to_oraInst.loc>]
The argument REMOVE_HOMES accepts more than one path
separated by a comma.
Note:
For example,
/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/oms/oui/bin/runInstaller -deinstall -silent "REMOVE_
HOMES={/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/oms,/u01/app/Oracle/agent/core/12.1.0.5.0,/u0
1/app/Oracle/Middleware/oracle_common}" ORACLE_
HOME=/u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/oms -jreLoc /u01/app/Oracle/Middleware/jdk16
-removeAllFiles -invPtrLoc /u01/oraInst.loc
9.
Manually delete the middleware home:
For UNIX platforms:
rm -rf <absolute_path_to_middleware_home>
For Microsoft Windows platforms:
Deinstalling Enterprise Manager (Single and Multi-OMS Environments)
21-11
Deinstalling or Undeploying Only Plug-ins from the OMS
del <absolute_path_to_middleware_home>
21.1.4 After Deinstalling Enterprise Manager
After you deinstall, perform these steps:
1.
The Oracle homes you deinstalled are deregistered from the central inventory.
However, some files might still remain in these Oracle homes. You might also see
the OMS instance base directory and the Oracle home for Web Tier. You can
manually delete these files and directories.
2.
The deinstallation process removes the entry of the S98gcstartup script, an
auto-start script, from the /etc/oragchomelist file, but does not remove the script
itself. You can leave this script and the soft links associated with it because when
you install Enterprise Manager again on the same host, the installer automatically
overwrites the script and re-create the soft links.
However, if you want to clear the host of any Oracle products, then Oracle
recommends that you manually delete this script and the soft links associated with
it. To do so, navigate to the /etc/rc.d/ directory, and search for the script
S98gcstartup. This script is usually present in a subdirectory within the
/etc/rc.d/ directory. Navigate to the subdirectory where the script is found and
delete the script. For example, /etc/rc.d/rc3.d/S98gcstartup or
/etc/rc.d/init.d/gcstartup/S98gcstartup.
3.
The JDK, which was installed as part of Step (5) of Section 21.1.3.2 to allow
complete removal of the Enterprise Manager system, can now be removed
manually (by deletion of the installed directory) if it is no longer needed for other
purposes and if it did not replace the system-registered JDK.
21.2 Deinstalling or Undeploying Only Plug-ins from the OMS
If you want to deinstall or undeploy only the plug-ins from the OMS, and not the
entire Enterprise Manager system, then use the Plug-ins page within the Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control Console. For instructions, see the Oracle Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control Administrator’s Guide. Do NOT use runInstaller to undeploy only the
plug-ins.
21.3 Deleting OMS Entries from the Management Repository
If you lose the host where an additional OMS is running, then make sure you
manually delete the entry for that OMS from the Management Repository. To do so,
follow these steps:
1.
Run the following command to deconfigure Oracle WebLogic Server, applications,
and so on from the WebLogic Domain; remove all OMS-related entries from the
Management Repository; and delete these targets of the OMS: oracle_oms, oracle_
oms_pbs, oracle_oms_console.
$ORACLE_HOME/bin/omsca delete
2.
Manually delete the following WebLogic targets of the OMS.
■
/EMGC_GCDomain/GCDomain/EMGC_OMS2 (weblogic_j2eeserver)
■
/EMGC_GCDomain/instance2/ohs2 (oracle_apache)
Now Enterprise Manager will not have any reference of the deleted additional OMS. If
you want to delete the OMS, follow the instructions outlined in Section 21.1.
21-12 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
22
Deinstalling Oracle Management Agents
22
This chapter describes how you can deinstall Oracle Management Agent
(Management Agent). In particular, this chapter covers the following:
■
Deinstalling Oracle Management Agents
■
Deinstalling or Undeploying Only Plug-ins from the Oracle Management Agent
On a cluster, ensure that you deinstall the Management Agents
from all the nodes one by one. To do so, follow the instructions
outlined in this chapter.
Note:
When you deinstall an old Management Agent and install a
new Management Agent on the same host, you will lose all historical
target information from the Management Repository.
Note:
To avoid losing all historical target information, first install the new
Management Agent, then run the emcli relocate targets command
to hand over the targets from the old Management Agent to the new
Management Agent, and then deinstall the old Management Agent.
For information about the emcli relocate targets command, see
the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Command Line Interface
Guide.
22.1 Deinstalling Oracle Management Agents
This section describes how to remove an Oracle Management Agent using various
deinstallation methods. This section covers the following:
■
Prerequisites for Deinstalling Oracle Management Agents
■
Procedure for Deinstalling Oracle Management Agents
■
After Deinstalling Oracle Management Agents
22.1.1 Prerequisites for Deinstalling Oracle Management Agents
Before you deinstall a Management Agent, do the following:
1.
Shut down the Management Agent by running the following command from its
home. If it is already shut down, then skip this step.
$<AGENT_HOME>/bin/emctl stop agent
Deinstalling Oracle Management Agents 22-1
Deinstalling Oracle Management Agents
2.
Wait for the Management Agent to go to the down or unreachable state in the Cloud
Control console. If it is already in the down or unreachable state, then go to the next
step.
3.
Delete the Management Agent targets and their monitored targets (from any host
where EM CLI is installed):
emcli delete_target
-name="example.com:1836"
-type="oracle_emd"
-delete_monitored_targets
For information on EM CLI and instructions to set it up, see
Oracle Enterprise Manager Command Line Interface Guide.
Note:
22.1.2 Procedure for Deinstalling Oracle Management Agents
This section describes the following:
■
■
■
(Most Recommended) Deinstalling Oracle Management Agents Using the
AgentDeinstall.pl Script
Deinstalling Oracle Management Agents Using the Installation Wizard in
Graphical Mode
Deinstalling Oracle Management Agent Using the Installation Wizard in Silent
Mode
■
Deinstalling Shared Agents
■
Deinstalling Oracle Management Agent Installed Using an RPM File
22.1.2.1 (Most Recommended) Deinstalling Oracle Management Agents Using the
AgentDeinstall.pl Script
The most recommended and the easiest way of deinstalling Management Agents is to
use the AgentDeinstall.pl script. The script orchestrates the deinstallation of not only
the Management Agent home but also the dependent homes such as the plug-in
homes and the sbin home. This saves time and effort as you do not have to manually
and explicitly select each component in a specific order to deinstall them, unlike the
other deinstallation methods described in this chapter. The script automates the entire
deinstallation operation.
To deinstall a Management Agent using the AgentDeinstall.pl script, follow these
steps:
WARNING: By default, the AgentDeinstall.pl script deinstalls the
Management Agent, removes the dependent entries from the
inventory, and removes the entire agent base directory. If you want
to retain the agent base directory for some reason, then pass the
-skipRemoval argument to the script. This argument ensures that
only the Management Agent home from agent base directory is
removed, but the agent base directory and the rest of the
subdirectories are retained.
1.
Invoke the AgentDeinstall.pl script:
22-2 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Deinstalling Oracle Management Agents
$<AGENT_HOME>/perl/bin/perl <AGENT_
HOME>/sysman/install/AgentDeinstall.pl -agentHome <AGENT_HOME>
For example, if you want to deinstall the Management Agent and also remove the
agent base directory, then run the following command:
$/u01/app/Oracle/core/12.1.0.5.0/perl/bin/perl
/u01/app/Oracle/core/12.1.0.5.0/sysman/install/AgentDeinstall.pl
-agentHome /u01/app/Oracle/core/12.1.0.5.0/
For example, if you want to deinstall the Management Agent but NOT remove the
agent base directory, then run the following command:
$/u01/app/Oracle/core/12.1.0.5.0/perl/bin/perl
/u01/app/Oracle/core/12.1.0.5.0/sysman/install/AgentDeinstall.pl
-agentHome /u01/app/Oracle/core/12.1.0.5.0/ -skipRemoval
2.
Manually remove the targets, which were being monitored by the Management
Agent you deinstalled, from the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control console.
3.
Manually delete the agent base directory. For information on agent base directory,
see Section 2.3.5.
For UNIX platforms:
rm -rf <absolute_path_to_install_base_dir>
For Microsoft Windows platforms:
del <absolute_path_to_install_base_dir>
During the Management Agent deinstall process, the
Management Agent service is not removed automatically. You must
remove it manually after the deinstall, by running the following
command:
Note:
sc delete <service_name>
22.1.2.2 Deinstalling Oracle Management Agents Using the Installation Wizard in
Graphical Mode
To deinstall a Management Agent using the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Wizard
in graphical mode, follow these steps:
Deinstall the components in the order described in this
procedure. Otherwise, the installation wizard displays an error.
Note:
1.
Invoke the installer from the Management Agent home by running the following
command:
$<AGENT_HOME>/oui/bin/runInstaller -deinstall ORACLE_HOME=<absolute_
path_to_agent_home> [-removeallfiles] [-invPtrLoc <absolute_path_to_
oraInst.loc>]
For example,
/u01/app/oracle/agent/core/12.1.0.5.0/oui/bin/runInstaller -deinstall
ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/agent/core/12.1.0.5.0/ -removeallfiles
Deinstalling Oracle Management Agents 22-3
Deinstalling Oracle Management Agents
Note:
■
■
■
■
You can invoke the installer even from the directory where you
downloaded the software. For example, <software_location>/.
When you run runInstaller -help, you will see the option
-nowarningonremovefiles listed. This option is currently not
supported and has no effect even if you use it.
The -invPtrLoc parameter is supported only on UNIX platforms,
and not on Microsoft Windows platforms.
For Microsoft Windows, invoke the setup.exe file.
When you invoke runInstaller or setup.exe, if the
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Wizard does not
appear, then it is possible that you do not have access to the /stage
directory.
Note:
There is a classpath variable that the installation wizard computes for
OPatch as ../stage/Components/, and when the TEMP variable is set
to /tmp, the installation wizard tries to look for the opatch JAR file in
the /tmp/../stage directory, which is equivalent to /stage. However,
if you do not have the permission on /stage, then the installation
wizard can hang. Under such circumstances, verify if you have access
to the /stage directory. If you do not have access to it, then set the
TEMP variable to a location where the install user has access to, and
then relaunch the installation wizard.
2.
In the installation wizard, click Installed Products.
3.
On the Inventory screen, select the plug-in homes under the required Management
Agent home, then click Remove.
4.
On the Inventory screen, select the sbin home, and click Remove.
5.
On the Inventory screen, select the Management Agent, and click Remove.
6.
Manually delete the agent base directory. For information on installation base
directory, see Section 2.3.5.
For UNIX platforms:
rm -rf <absolute_path_to_agent_base_dir>
For Microsoft Windows platforms:
del <absolute_path_to_agent_base_dir>
22.1.2.3 Deinstalling Oracle Management Agent Using the Installation Wizard in
Silent Mode
To deinstall a Management Agent using the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Installation Wizard in silent mode, follow these steps:
Deinstall the components in the order described in this
procedure. Otherwise, the installation wizard displays an error.
Note:
22-4 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Deinstalling Oracle Management Agents
1.
Deinstall the plug-in homes:
$<AGENT_HOME>/oui/bin/runInstaller -deinstall -silent "REMOVE_
HOMES={absolute_path_to_plug-in_home}" ORACLE_HOME=<absolute_path_to_
agent_home> [-removeallfiles] [-invPtrLoc <absolute_path_to_
oraInst.loc>]
Note:
■
■
■
■
When you run runInstaller -help, you will see the option
-nowarningonremovefiles listed. This option is currently not
supported and has no effect even if you use it.
On Microsoft Windows, invoke the setup.exe file.
The -invPtrLoc parameter is supported only on UNIX platforms,
and not on Microsoft Windows platforms.
To deinstall multiple plug-ins, enter the plug-in homes separated
by a comma.
For example,
/home/oracle/agent/core/12.1.0.5.0/oui/bin/runInstaller -deinstall
-silent "REMOVE_
HOMES={/home/oracle/agent/plugins/oracle.sysman.emas.oms.plugin_
12.1.0.2.0,/home/oracle/agent/plugins/oracle.sysman.emct.oms.plugin_
12.1.0.2.0}" ORACLE_HOME=/home/oracle/agent/core/12.1.0.5.0
-removeAllFiles -invPtrLoc
/home/oracle/agent/core/12.1.0.5.0/oraInst.loc
2.
Deinstall the sbin home:
$<AGENT_HOME>/oui/bin/runInstaller -deinstall -silent "REMOVE_
HOMES={absolute_path_to_sbin_directory}" ORACLE_HOME=<absolute_path_to_
agent_home> [-removeAllFiles] [-invPtrLoc <absolute_path_to_
oraInst.loc>]
For example,
/home/oracle/agent/core/12.1.0.5.0/oui/bin/runInstaller -deinstall
-silent "REMOVE_HOMES={/home/oracle/agent/sbin}" ORACLE_
HOME=/home/oracle/agent/core/12.1.0.5.0 -removeAllFiles -invPtrLoc
/home/oracle/agent/core/12.1.0.5.0/oraInst.loc
3.
Deinstall the Management Agent:
$<AGENT_HOME>/oui/bin/runInstaller -deinstall -silent "REMOVE_
HOMES={absolute_path_to_agent_oracle_home}" ORACLE_HOME=<absolute_path_
to_agent_home> -removeAllFiles -invPtrLoc <absolute_path_to_
oraInst.loc>
For example,
/home/oracle/agent/core/12.1.0.5.0/oui/bin/runInstaller -deinstall
-silent "REMOVE_HOMES={/home/oracle/agent/core/12.1.0.5.0}" ORACLE_
HOME=/home/oracle/agent/core/12.1.0.5.0 -removeAllFiles -invPtrLoc
/home/oracle/agent/core/12.1.0.5.0/oraInst.loc
4.
Manually delete the agent base directory. For information on agent base directory,
see Section 2.3.5.
Deinstalling Oracle Management Agents 22-5
Deinstalling Oracle Management Agents
For UNIX platforms:
rm -rf <absolute_path_to_install_base_dir>
For Microsoft Windows platforms:
del <absolute_path_to_install_base_dir>
22.1.2.4 Deinstalling Shared Agents
To deinstall a Shared Agent, run the following command from the Master Agent home
that is visible on the host where your Shared Agent is installed:
$<AGENT_HOME>/perl/bin/perl <AGENT_
HOME>/sysman/install/NFSAgentDeInstall.pl AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME=<absolute_
path_to_agent_instance_home> ORACLE_HOME=<absolute_path_to_agent_home>
For example,
/home/john/software/oracle/agent/core/12.1.0.5.0/perl/bin/perl
/home/john/software/oracle/agent/core/12.1.0.5.0/sysman/install/NFSAgentDe
Install.pl AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME=/home/john/software/oracle/agent/agent_inst
ORACLE_HOME=/home/john/software/oracle/agent/core/12.1.0.5.0
Note: If you encounter an error while deinstalling the Shared Agent,
then refer to Section J.4.
22.1.2.5 Deinstalling Oracle Management Agent Installed Using an RPM File
To deinstall a Management Agent that was installed using a .rpm file, ensure that you
have Resource Package Manager (RPM) installed on the Management Agent host, then
follow these steps:
1.
Run the following command on the Management Agent host to obtain the RPM
name:
rpm -qa | grep oracle-agt
2.
Run the following command as a root user to deinstall the Management Agent:
rpm -e <rpm_name>
Here, <rpm_name> is the RPM name that is displayed in the output of the
command you ran in Step 1.
22.1.3 After Deinstalling Oracle Management Agents
After you deinstall the Management Agent, follow these steps:
1.
(Only for Graphical Mode) Verify whether the Oracle homes and other directories
were successfully deinstalled. To do so, follow these steps:
a.
Invoke the installation wizard by running the following command from the
Management Agent home:
<DVD>/runInstaller
Note:
b.
On Microsoft Windows, invoke the setup.exe file.
In the installation wizard, on the My Oracle Support Details screen, click
Installed Products.
22-6 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Deinstalling Oracle Management Agents
c.
2.
On the Inventory screen, check whether or not the Oracle homes and other
directories you deinstalled appear. If the deinstallation was successful, then
those Oracle homes and directories should not appear.
The Oracle homes you deinstalled are deregistered from the central inventory.
However, some files might still remain in these Oracle homes. If they do, you can
manually delete them.
You must also manually delete the auto-startup script called gcstartup which will
be present under /etc/init.d directory.
These auto-start scripts are not available on Microsoft
Windows.
Note:
3.
If you deinstalled on a Microsoft Windows platform, then follow these steps.
Ensure that you are logged in as a user with Administrator privileges on that host.
Remove Entries from Microsoft Windows Registry
a.
Start the registry editor by selecting Start and then Run. Type regedit and
click OK.
b.
In the Registry Editor window, in the left pane, expand HKEY_LOCAL_
MACHINE, SOFTWARE, and then Oracle. Under the Oracle directory, delete
the following:
(a) KEY_agent12gn
(b) KEY_sbin12gn
Note: Here, n refers to a numeral indicating the agent instance. For
example, KEY_sbin12g9 for the first agent installation.
c.
Expand HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE, SOFTWARE, Oracle, and then Sysman.
Under the Sysman directory, delete the Management Agent service. For
example, Oracleagent12g9Agent.
d.
Expand HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE, SYSTEM, CurrentControlSet, and then
Services. Under the Services directory, delete the Management Agent keys.
e.
Expand HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE, SYSTEM, ControlSet002, and then
Services. Under the Services directory, delete the Management Agent service.
f.
Close the registry editor.
Clean Up Environment Settings
1.
Open the Environment Variables window.
On Microsoft Windows NT, select Start, Settings, Control Panel, System, and
then Environment.
On Microsoft Windows XP or 2000, select Start, Settings, Control Panel,
System, Advanced, and then Environment Variables.
2.
In the System Variables section, click the variable PATH and modify the value.
3.
Delete Management Agent home.
4.
Click Apply and then click OK.
Deinstalling Oracle Management Agents 22-7
Deinstalling or Undeploying Only Plug-ins from the Oracle Management Agent
5.
Close the Control Panel window.
6.
Restart the host.
22.2 Deinstalling or Undeploying Only Plug-ins from the Oracle
Management Agent
If you want to deinstall or undeploy only the plug-ins from the Management Agent,
and not the Management Agent itself, then use the Plug-ins page within the Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control Console. For instructions, see the Oracle Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control Administrator’s Guide. Do NOT use runInstaller to undeploy only the
plug-ins.
22-8 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
23
Deinstalling ADP and JVMD
32
This chapter describes how you can deinstall Application Dependency and
Performance (ADP), and Java Virtual Machine Diagnostics (JVMD) in the Enterprise
Manager Cloud Control environment.
In particular, this chapter covers the following:
■
Deinstalling ADP
■
Deinstalling JVMD
23.1 Deinstalling ADP
This section describes how to remove ADP Engines and Agents, using the Application
Performance Management page, as well as manually. This section consists of the
following:
■
Removing ADP Engine
■
Removing ADP Agents
23.1.1 Removing ADP Engine
This section describes the methods to remove ADP Engines. It consists of the
following:
■
Removing ADP Engine Using Application Performance Management Page
■
Removing ADP Engine Manually
■
Removing ADP Engine Manually Using ApmEngineSetup.pl
23.1.1.1 Removing ADP Engine Using Application Performance Management Page
To remove the ADP Engine applications running on Managed Servers using the
Application Performance Management page, perform the following steps:
1.
From the Setup menu, select Middleware Management, then select Application
Performance Management.
2.
If you want to remove a single ADP Engine, on the Application Performance
Management page, select the ADP Engine you want to remove, then click
Remove.
If you want to remove more than one ADP Engine, on the Application
Performance Management page, select the ADP Engines node, then click Remove.
3.
On the Remove ADP Engines page, select the ADP Engines you want to remove.
Deinstalling ADP and JVMD
23-1
Deinstalling ADP
4.
For each ADP Engine you select, select Remove WebLogic Managed Server, if you
want to remove the WebLogic Managed Server on which the ADP Engine is
deployed.
5.
Specify values for Admin WebLogic Host Credentials and Admin WebLogic
Credentials.
Admin WebLogic Host Credentials are the host credentials for the host on which
the WebLogic Administration Server (for the Enterprise Manager WebLogic
domain) is deployed. Admin WebLogic Credentials are the credentials for the
Administration Server of the Enterprise Manager WebLogic domain.
6.
Click Remove.
23.1.1.2 Removing ADP Engine Manually
To remove the ADP Engine application running on a Managed Server manually,
perform the following steps:
1.
In Cloud Control, from the Targets menu, select Middleware.
2.
On the Middleware page, from the Middleware Features menu, select
Application dependency and Performance.
The Application Dependency and Performance is displayed.
3.
From the Registration tab, select the ADP Engine application, then click Remove.
4.
Log in to the WebLogic Administration Console of the Enterprise Manager
domain.
5.
On the Home Page, click Servers.
6.
From the Summary of Servers page, click the Control tab, then select the ADP
Engine Servers.
7.
From the Shutdown menu, select Force Shutdown Now to stop the servers.
8.
Click the Lock and Edit button present in the WebLogic Administration console.
9.
Click the Configuration tab, select ADP Engine Servers, then click Delete.
10. Undeploy the ADP applications. For example, ADPManager_EMGC_ADPMANAGER1 for
ADP.
11. Connect to the host machine where the Managed Server was present, and navigate
to the following location to manually delete the Managed Server:
$DOMAIN_HOME/<ADP_managed_server>
Where $DOMAIN_HOME is the location of the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
domain.
23.1.1.3 Removing ADP Engine Manually Using ApmEngineSetup.pl
You can remove ADP Engine manually, using the ApmEngineSetup.pl script. You can
run this script in the following ways:
■
■
In interactive mode, where you are prompted for input details in an interactive
manner
In silent mode, where you specify all the input details using a properties file
23-2 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Deinstalling ADP
Important: You can use the ApmEngineSetup.pl script to remove
ADP Engine only on a host that is running the OMS, and not on a
remote host.
To remove ADP Engine manually using the ApmEngineSetup.pl script, follow these
steps:
1.
Navigate to the following location on the OMS host:
$<MIDDLEWARE_HOME>/plugins/oracle.sysman.emas.oms.plugin_
12.1.0.8.0/archives/jvmd/deployment_Scripts/engine/
2.
View the README.txt file, for information on using the ApmEngineSetup.pl script.
3.
Run the ApmEngineSetup.pl script.
If you want to run the ApmEngineSetup.pl script in interactive mode, such that
you are prompted for the input details, use the following command:
perl ApmEngineSetup.pl
Ensure that you specify the operation as remove, and the Engine Type as ADP.
If you want to run the ApmEngineSetup.pl script in silent mode, specify all the
input details in a properties file, then use the following command:
perl ApmEngineSetup.pl -silent -file <properties_file_name> -password
<password>
<properties_file_name> is the name of the properties file where the ADP Engine
and operation details are provided. <password> is the WebLogic console password.
To learn how to specify the input details in a properties file, view the sample
properties file SAMPLE_engine.properties.
23.1.2 Removing ADP Agents
This section describes the methods to remove ADP Agents. It consists of the following:
■
Removing ADP Agents Using Application Performance Management Page
■
Removing ADP Agents Manually
23.1.2.1 Removing ADP Agents Using Application Performance Management Page
To remove the ADP Agents (that are deployed on monitored WebLogic domains)
using the Application Performance Management page, perform the following steps:
1.
From the Setup menu, select Middleware Management, then select Application
Performance Management.
2.
On the Application Performance Management page, under the Application
Performance Management Agents section, click Manage Diagnostics Agents.
If no active JVMD or ADP Engines are present, and no JVMD
or ADP Agents are deployed, the Manage Diagnostics Agents button
is disabled.
Note:
3.
For Operation, select Remove.
Deinstalling ADP and JVMD
23-3
Deinstalling ADP
If you select Expand All from the View menu, you can view the target name,
target type, target host, target status, platform, and so on of all the Managed
Servers on which JVMD or ADP Agents are deployed.
Select the ADP Agents you want to remove. Click Next.
4.
On the Target Credentials page, for each WebLogic domain, specify a value for
Oracle WebLogic Administration Server Host Credentials and Oracle WebLogic
Domain Credentials, then click Apply.
Oracle WebLogic Administration Server Host Credentials are the host credentials
for the host on which the Management Agent that is monitoring the selected
WebLogic domain is running. Oracle WebLogic Domain Credentials are the
credentials for the Administration Server of the selected WebLogic domain.
Click Next.
5.
On the ADP Agents Configurations page, specify values for the WebLogic Home
and Middleware Home fields.
These fields are displayed only if their values could not be obtained internally.
Also, sometimes when the WebLogic Administration Server is behind a firewall or
on a virtual host, the application may not be able to connect to it, using the default
host value. In this case, you may need to provide some additional information in
the Additional Configuration section. For example, if the WebLogic
Administration Server is on a virtual host, and the application cannot connect to it
using the default host value, you may have to provide the virtual host IP address
in the Additional Configuration section.
6.
On the Enterprise Manager OMS Credentials page, specify a value for Oracle
Enterprise Manager WebLogic Administration Server Host Credentials, and
Oracle Enterprise Manager WebLogic Domain Credentials.
Oracle Enterprise Manager WebLogic Administration Server Host Credentials are
the host credentials of the OMS host. The Oracle Enterprise Manager WebLogic
Domain Credentials are the domain credentials of the Enterprise Manager
WebLogic domain.
Click Next.
7.
On the Review page, review all the information, then click Remove.
23.1.2.2 Removing ADP Agents Manually
To manually remove the ADP Agent deployed to a target, perform the following steps:
1.
In Cloud Control, from the Targets menu, select Middleware.
2.
On the Middleware page, from the Middleware Features menu, select
Application dependency and Performance.
The Application Dependency and Performance is displayed.
3.
From the Configuration tab, select the desired ADP Engine application on which
the ADP Agents have been deployed.
4.
Expand the ADP Engine menu, then select Resource Configuration.
5.
From the Resource table, select the ADP Agent name, click Edit Resource, then
click Deploy.
6.
From the Deploy Parameters table, select the servers from which you want to
undeploy the ADP Agents. Change the default menu selection from Deploy to:
■
Remove, to erase all the ADP Agent files from the Managed Servers.
23-4 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Deinstalling JVMD
■
Disable, to remove the ADP Agent startup arguments from the Managed
Servers.
Select the Server Started by Node Manager option only when
the node manager is used.
Note:
23.2 Deinstalling JVMD
This section describes how to remove JVMD Engines and Agents, using the
Application Performance Management page, as well as manually. This section consists
of the following:
■
Removing JVMD Engine
■
Removing JVMD Agents
23.2.1 Removing JVMD Engine
This section describes the methods to remove JVMD Engines. It consists of the
following:
■
Removing JVMD Engine Using Application Performance Management Page
■
Removing JVMD Engine Manually
■
Removing JVMD Engine Manually Using ApmEngineSetup.pl
23.2.1.1 Removing JVMD Engine Using Application Performance Management
Page
To remove the JVMD Engine applications running on Managed Servers using the
Application Performance Management page, perform the following steps:
1.
From the Setup menu, select Middleware Management, then select Application
Performance Management.
2.
If you want to remove a single JVMD Engine, on the Application Performance
Management page, select the JVMD Engine you want to remove, then click
Remove.
If you want to remove more than one JVMD Engine, on the Application
Performance Management page, select the JVM Diagnostics Engines node, then
click Remove.
3.
On the Remove JVMD Engines page, select the JVMD Engines you want to
remove.
4.
For each JVMD Engine you select, select Remove WebLogic Managed Server, if
you want to remove the WebLogic Managed Server on which the JVMD Engine is
deployed.
5.
Specify values for Admin WebLogic Host Credentials and Admin WebLogic
Credentials.
Admin WebLogic Host Credentials are the host credentials for the host on which
the WebLogic Administration Server (for the Enterprise Manager WebLogic
domain) is deployed. Admin WebLogic Credentials are the credentials for the
Administration Server of the Enterprise Manager WebLogic domain.
6.
Click Remove.
Deinstalling ADP and JVMD
23-5
Deinstalling JVMD
23.2.1.2 Removing JVMD Engine Manually
To remove the JVMD Engine application running on a Managed Server manually,
perform the following steps:
1.
Log in to the WebLogic Administration console of the Enterprise Manager Cloud
Control domain.
2.
On the Home Page, click Deployments.
3.
Select the JVMD applications (for example, jammanagerEMGC_JVMDMANAGER1,
jammanagerEMGC_JVMDMANAGER2). From the Stop menu, select Force Stop Now.
4.
Click the Lock and Edit button present in the WebLogic Administration console.
5.
After the applications are stopped, select the same applications, then click Delete.
6.
Click Home to go back to the WebLogic Administration home page. From the
Environment table, select Servers.
7.
On the Summary of Servers page, select the Control tab, then select the JVMD
Engine servers that need to be shut down.
8.
From the Shutdown menu, select Force Shutdown Now to stop the servers.
9.
Click the Lock and Edit button present in the WebLogic Administration console.
10. Click the Configuration tab, select the JVMD Engine servers, then click Delete.
23.2.1.3 Removing JVMD Engine Manually Using ApmEngineSetup.pl
You can remove JVMD Engine manually, using the ApmEngineSetup.pl script. You can
run this script in the following ways:
■
■
In interactive mode, where you are prompted for input details in an interactive
manner
In silent mode, where you specify all the input details using a properties file
You can use the ApmEngineSetup.pl script to remove
JVMD Engine only on a host that is running the OMS, and not on a
remote host.
Important:
To remove JVMD Engine manually using the ApmEngineSetup.pl script, follow these
steps:
1.
Navigate to the following location on the OMS host:
$<MIDDLEWARE_HOME>/plugins/oracle.sysman.emas.oms.plugin_
12.1.0.8.0/archives/jvmd/deployment_Scripts/engine/
2.
View the README.txt file, for information on using the ApmEngineSetup.pl script.
3.
Run the ApmEngineSetup.pl script.
If you want to run the ApmEngineSetup.pl script in interactive mode, such that
you are prompted for the input details, use the following command:
perl ApmEngineSetup.pl
Ensure that you specify the operation as remove, and the Engine Type as JVMD.
If you want to run the ApmEngineSetup.pl script in silent mode, specify all the
input details in a properties file, then use the following command:
23-6 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Deinstalling JVMD
perl ApmEngineSetup.pl -silent -file <properties_file_name> -password
<password>
<properties_file_name> is the name of the properties file where the JVMD
Engine and operation details are provided. <password> is the WebLogic console
password.
To learn how to specify the input details in a properties file, view the sample
properties file SAMPLE_engine.properties.
23.2.2 Removing JVMD Agents
This section describes the methods to remove JVMD Agents. It consists of the
following:
■
Removing JVMD Agents Using Application Performance Management Page
■
Removing JVMD Agents Manually
23.2.2.1 Removing JVMD Agents Using Application Performance Management
Page
To remove the JVMD Agents (that are deployed on monitored WebLogic domains)
using the Application Performance Management page, perform the following steps:
1.
From the Setup menu, select Middleware Management, then select Application
Performance Management.
2.
On the Application Performance Management page, under the Application
Performance Management Agents section, click Manage Diagnostics Agents.
If no active JVMD or ADP Engines are present, and no JVMD
or ADP Agents are deployed, the Manage Diagnostics Agents button
is disabled.
Note:
3.
For Operation, select Remove.
If you select Expand All from the View menu, you can view the target name,
target type, target host, target status, platform, and so on of all the Managed
Servers on which JVMD or ADP Agents are deployed.
Select the JVMD Agents you want to remove. Click Next.
4.
On the Target Credentials page, for each WebLogic domain, specify a value for
Oracle WebLogic Administration Server Host Credentials and Oracle WebLogic
Domain Credentials, then click Apply.
Oracle WebLogic Administration Server Host Credentials are the host credentials
for the host on which the Management Agent that is monitoring the selected
WebLogic domain is running. Oracle WebLogic Domain Credentials are the
credentials for the Administration Server of the selected WebLogic domain.
Click Next.
5.
On the JVMD Agents Configurations page, specify values for the WebLogic Home
and Middleware Home fields.
These fields are displayed only if their values could not be obtained internally.
Also, sometimes when the WebLogic Administration Server is behind a firewall or
on a virtual host, the application may not be able to connect to it, using the default
host value. In this case, you may need to provide some additional information in
Deinstalling ADP and JVMD
23-7
Deinstalling JVMD
the Additional Configuration section. For example, if the WebLogic
Administration Server is on a virtual host, and the application cannot connect to it
using the default host value, you may have to provide the virtual host IP address
in the Additional Configuration section.
6.
On the Review page, review all the information, then click Remove.
23.2.2.2 Removing JVMD Agents Manually
To manually remove the JVMD Agent deployed to a target, perform the following
steps:
1.
Log in to the Administration Console of the target server.
2.
On the Home Page, click Deployments.
3.
Select the JVMD Agent application (javadiagnosticagent.ear or
jamagent.war). From the Stop menu, select Force Stop Now.
4.
After the applications are stopped, select the same applications, then click Delete.
5.
Log in to Enterprise Manager Cloud Control.
6.
In Cloud Control, from the Targets menu, select Middleware.
7.
On the Middleware page, in the Search table, search for targets of type Java
Virtual Machine, select the target corresponding to the server, then click Remove.
23-8 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
24
Removing Standby Oracle Management
Services
24
This chapter describes how to remove standby Oracle Management Services (OMS)
from a Level 4 High Availability (HA) configuration. The following OMS removal
scenarios are covered:
■
Removing Additional Standby OMS Instances
■
Removing the First Standby OMS
24.1 Removing Additional Standby OMS Instances
To remove an additional standby OMS instance, follow these steps:
1.
Deconfigure and delete an additional standby OMS instance by running the
following command from the OMS home:
$<OMS_HOME>/bin/omsca delete -OMSNAME <oms_name>
When prompted, enter the repository login credentials.
Run this command on each of the additional standby OMS
instances.
Note:
2.
From the Enterprise Manager console, refresh the Weblogic domain.
1.
From the Targets menu, select Middleware.
Figure 24–1 Middleware Menu
Removing Standby Oracle Management Services 24-1
Removing Additional Standby OMS Instances
2.
Click the WebLogic Domain you want to refresh. The domain home page
displays.
Figure 24–2 Domain Home Page
3.
From either the Farm or WebLogic Domain menu, select Refresh WebLogic
Domain.
Figure 24–3 Refresh WebLogic Domain
Enterprise Manager displays available Refresh WebLogic Domain options.
24-2 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Removing the First Standby OMS
Figure 24–4 Refresh WebLogic Domain
4.
Click Add/Update Targets. The Management Agent refreshes by connecting to
the Administration Server. The Administration Server must be up for the
refresh to occur.
Click Close on the Confirmation page. Cloud Control will search the domain
for new and modified targets.
3.
4.
Delete the OMS target associated with the OMS.
1.
From the Target Navigation area, click the target associated with the
additional standby OMS you deconfigured earlier.
2.
From the WebLogic menu, select Target Setup and then Remove Target.
Enterprise Manager displays a Warning dialog asking if you wish to continue.
Click Yes.
Repeat this deinstallation procedure for all remaining additional standby OMSs.
24.2 Removing the First Standby OMS
To remove the first standby OMS, follow these steps:
Important: DO NOT attempt to deinstall the first standby OMS if
there are any remaining additional standby OMSs within your
environment. See "Removing Additional Standby OMS Instances" on
page 24-1 for instructions on removing additional standby OMSs.
1.
Deconfigure and delete the first standby OMS instance by running the following
command from the OMS home:
$<OMS_HOME>/bin/omsca delete -full
Removing Standby Oracle Management Services 24-3
Removing the First Standby OMS
You are prompted to confirm your action, and furnish the
AdminServer credentials and the repository database details such as
the database host name, listener port, SID, and password. Once you
provide the required details, the command automatically stops the
OMS, Oracle WebLogic Server, and also Oracle WebTier.
Note:
2.
Delete the OMS target associated with the OMS.
1.
From the Target Navigation area, click the target associated with the first
standby OMS you deconfigured earlier.
2.
From the WebLogic menu, select Target Setup and then Remove Target.
Enterprise Manager displays a Warning dialog asking if you wish to continue.
Click Yes.
24-4 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Part VIII
Part VIII
Appendixes
This part contains the following appendixes:
■
Appendix A, "Understanding the Enterprise Manager Directory Structure"
■
Appendix B, "Overview of the Installation and Configuration Log Files"
■
■
Appendix C, "Redirecting Oracle Management Agent to Another Oracle
Management Service"
Appendix D, "Applying Patches to Oracle Management Agents While Deploying
or Upgrading Them"
■
Appendix E, "Using the RepManager Utility"
■
Appendix F, "Collecting OCM Data Using Oracle Harvester"
■
Appendix G, "Enabling the Enterprise Manager Accessibility Features"
■
Appendix H, "Configuring Targets for Failover in Active/Passive Environments"
■
Appendix J, "Troubleshooting"
A
Understanding the Enterprise Manager
Directory Structure
A
Before you perform maintenance and advanced configuration tasks, you must be
familiar with the directories and files that are copied to disk when you install
Enterprise Manager. Understanding where specific files are located can help you if you
need to troubleshoot installation or configuration problems.
When installing Enterprise Manager, if you select a location that does not contain
WebLogic Server, then JDK will be installed in the jdk16 directory before installation
of WebLogic Server.
Use the following sections to become familiar with the directories that are created on
your disk when you install Enterprise Manager:
■
■
■
Understanding the Enterprise Manager Directories Installed with Oracle
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c
Understanding the Enterprise Manager Directories Installed with an Oracle
Management Service
Understanding the Enterprise Manager Directories Installed with Management
Agent
A.1 Understanding the Enterprise Manager Directories Installed with
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c
When you install Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c, you install the Oracle
Management Service. With the Oracle Management Service, you install the following
Oracle home directories:
■
Oracle Management Service home directory
■
Middleware WebTier home directory
■
Middleware Common home directory
■
Oracle Management Service Instance home directory
■
Oracle Management Agent home directory
■
Oracle Management Agent Instance home directory
■
Oracle Management Service Plug-in homes
■
Oracle Management Agent Plug-in homes
■
Oracle Business Intelligence Publisher home
Understanding the Enterprise Manager Directory Structure A-1
Understanding the Enterprise Manager Directories Installed with Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c
A.1.1 About the Oracle Management Service Home Directory
The Oracle Management Service is a J2EE application that is installed and deployed
using the Oracle WebLogic Server.
The installation procedure installs the Enterprise Manager components within the
Cloud Control Home, including the Oracle Management Service.
Information about the directories that are specific to the Fusion Middleware
installation can be found in the Fusion Middleware documentation.
A.1.2 About the Oracle Management Agent Home (AGENT_HOME) Directory
The Oracle Management Agent Home (AGENT_HOME) directory contains all the
binaries required to configure and run the Oracle Management Agent on the host.
This directory serves as the Oracle Home for the Oracle Management Agent.
Information about the directories that are specific to the Fusion Middleware
installation can be found in the Fusion Middleware documentation.
A.1.3 About Business Intelligence Publisher Home Directory
The Business Intelligence Publisher is a J2EE application that is installed in the
Oracle_BI1 directory. This directory contains all the Business Intelligence Publisher
configuration files and software binaries.
The business intelligence publisher directory is created in the Middleware home
(middleware_home) directory.
To use the Business Intelligence Publisher, configure it as described in Chapter 14.
A.1.4 Summary of the Important Directories in the Oracle Management Service Home
Figure A–1 shows some of the important directories you should be familiar with in a
typical Cloud Control installation. You can use this information as you begin to
maintain, troubleshoot, and configure the Oracle Management Service installation.
Figure A–1
A-2 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Understanding the Enterprise Manager Directories Installed with Management Agent
Table A–1
Directories Installed with Enterprise Manager
Directory
Description
wlserver_10.3, logs, utils,
modules
These directories contain Fusion Middleware files.
jdk16
This directory contains JDK configuration files.
oms
This directory contains OMS configuration files. For more
information, see Section 10.2.2.
plugins
This directory contains metadata plug-ins configuration files
installed on the OMS.
agent
This directory contains agent configuration files.
[optional] Oracle_BI1
This directory contains the Oracle Business Intelligence
Publisher configuration files.
oracle_WT
This directory contains Oracle WebTier configuration files.
oracle_common
This directory contains common files used by OMS, Oracle
WebTier, and WebLogic Server directories.
A.2 Understanding the Enterprise Manager Directories Installed with
Management Service
Table A–2 describes in detail the Oracle Management Service directories installed with
Oracle Management Service. In the table, ORACLE_HOME refers to the Oracle
Management Service home directory in which the Oracle Management Service is
installed and deployed.
Table A–2
Important Directories in the Management Service Oracle Home
Directory
Description
ORACLE_HOME/bin
The bin directory in the Management Service home contains
commands used to control the components of the Cloud Control
installation.
OMS_INSTANCE_
HOME/WebTierIH1
This directory contains WebTier instance Oracle Home
corresponding to EMGC_OMS#.
OMS_INSTANCE_
HOME/NodeManager
This directory contains WebLogic Node Manager properties,
logs, and domain information.
OMS_INSTANCE_HOME/em
This is the OMS instance directory and contains emgc.properties
and Enterprise Manager log files.
OMS_INSTANCE_HOME/user_
projects
This directory contains EMGC_ADMINSERVER and EMGC_OMS#
domains and their logs.
ORACLE_HOME/sysman/log
This directory contains schema log files. The repository log files
are under sysman/log/schemamanager. The install logs are
under ORACLE_HOME/cfgtoollogs. The operation logs are under
OMS_INSTANCE_HOME/em/EMGC_OMS1/sysman/log.
A.3 Understanding the Enterprise Manager Directories Installed with
Management Agent
The Oracle Management Agent is installed automatically when you install Oracle
Management Service. This local instance of the Oracle Management Agent gathers
management information about the targets on the Oracle Management Service host.
Understanding the Enterprise Manager Directory Structure A-3
Understanding the Enterprise Manager Directories Installed with Management Agent
You can then manage those targets, such as the host itself, from the Cloud Control
Console.
You can install additional Oracle Management Agents using different installation
methods. This enables you to install the Oracle Management Agent on the hosts
throughout your enterprise. The Oracle Management Agent can then gather
management data about the targets on each host so those targets can be managed from
the Cloud Control Console.
Specifically, the Oracle Management Agent files are installed into the same directory
structure shown in the agent directory when you install the Oracle Management
Service (Figure A–1).
The agent directory structure, when you install a standalone agent or install the OMS
is the same. The AGENT_BASE_DIR is the directory where agent is installed and
contains the following main directories:
■
AGENT_HOME
■
AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME
■
SBIN_HOME
■
PLUGIN_HOME
The directory that contains the files required to run the Oracle Management Agent is
referred to as the AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME directory. For example, to start or stop an
Oracle Management Agent, you use the emctl command located in the bin directory of
the AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME. Similarly, to configure files for the Oracle Management
Agent, you modify the configuration files in the sysman/config directory of the
AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME. See Figure A–2 for the agent directory structure.
Figure A–2 Agent Directory Structure
A.3.1 Summary of the Important Directories in the Oracle Management Agent Home
Table A–3 describes some of the important agent directories.
A-4 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Understanding the Enterprise Manager Directories Installed with Management Agent
Table A–3
Important Directories in Oracle Management Agent Home
Directory
Description
AGENT_HOME
The AGENT_HOME directory contains all the binaries required to
configure and run the Oracle Management Agent on this host.
The default AGENT_HOME location is AGENT_BASE_
DIR/core/12.1.0.5.0.
This directory serves as the Oracle Home for the Oracle
Management Agent.
AGENT_HOME/bin
This directory contains binaries for the Oracle Management
Agent.
AGENT_HOME/install
This directory contains installation-related files for deploying
the agent.
AGENT_HOME/prereqs
This directory contains prerequisite files for EMPrereqKit.
AGENT_HOME/oui
This directory contains files related to the installer framework.
AGENT_HOME/cfgtoollogs
This directory contains agent deployment and configuration log
files.
AGENT_HOME/EMStage
This directory is used by the provisioning framework for
provisioning activities.
AGENT_HOME/sysman/admin
This directory contains the files used by the Oracle Management
Agent to define agent core target types (such as databases, hosts,
and so on), to run configuration scripts, and other administrative
tasks.
AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME
The AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME directory contains agent-related
configuration files after agent is installed and configured.
The default AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME location is AGENT_BASE_
DIR/agent_inst.
AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME/bin
The AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME/bin directory in the Cloud Control
Home contains the emctl command that controls the Oracle
Management Agent for this host.
You use the following emctl commands in this directory to start
and stop the Oracle Management Agent on this host:
<AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME>/bin/emctl start agent
<AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME>/bin/emctl stop agent
AGENT_INSTANCE_
HOME/sysman/config
This directory contains the configuration files for the Oracle
Management Agent. For example, this is where Enterprise
Manager stores the emd.properties file. The emd.properties file
defines settings such as the Oracle Management Service upload
URL for this particular agent.
AGENT_INSTANCE_
HOME/sysman/log
This directory contains the log files for the Oracle Management
Agent.
AGENT_INSTANCE_
HOME/sysman/emd
The emd directory contains information about targets
discovered on hosts.
SBIN_HOME
This directory contains set UIDs for the agent. The default
location is AGENT_BASE_DIR/sbin.
PLUGIN_HOME
This directory contains all the discovery and monitoring
plug-ins required for the agent.
The default location is AGENT_BASE_DIR/plugins.
Understanding the Enterprise Manager Directory Structure A-5
Identifying the Agent Instance Home When Using the emctl Command
A.3.2 Understanding the Oracle Management Agent Directory Structure in Windows
When you install the Oracle Management Agent on a Windows system, the directory
structure of the AGENT_HOME directory is the same as the directory structure for
installations on a UNIX system.
A.4 Identifying the Agent Instance Home When Using the emctl
Command
When you install Cloud Control, the resulting directory structure can often include
multiple subdirectories with the same name. For example, you can have a bin
directory within the agent_instance_home directory. Use the emctl command within
the agent_instance_home/bin directory to control the Oracle Management Agent.
In addition, you can have a bin directory within the Oracle Management Service
Oracle home. Use the emctl command in this directory to control the Oracle
Management Service.
To quickly identify the Agent Instance home that is controlled by the files in a
particular bin directory, use the following command:
$PROMPT> emctl getemhome
This command displays the path to the current Agent Instance home that will be
affected by commands executed by this instance of the emctl command.
A-6 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
B
B
Overview of the Installation and Configuration
Log Files
This appendix lists the locations of the various log files that are created during the
prerequisites check, installation, and configuration phases of Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control components.
In particular, this appendix covers the following:
■
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Logs
■
Add Host Log Files
■
Manual Management Agent Installation Logs
■
Additional OMS Installation Logs
B.1 Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Logs
This section describes the following log files that are created while installing
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control:
■
Installation Logs
■
Configuration Logs
B.1.1 Installation Logs
The following are the installation logs, which provide complete information on the
installation status:
■
<ORACLE_INVENTORY_HOME>/logs/installActions<timestamp>.log
■
<ORACLE_HOME>/cfgtoollogs/oui/installActions<timestamp>.log
The installActions log file is located in the <ORACLE_
INVENTORY_HOME> directory by default. This log file will be copied on
to the above-mentioned Oracle home location after the installation is
complete.
Note:
B.1.2 Configuration Logs
This section describes the following configuration logs:
■
General Configuration Logs
■
Repository Configuration Logs
Overview of the Installation and Configuration Log Files
B-1
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Logs
■
Secure Logs
B.1.2.1 General Configuration Logs
The Oracle Management Service (OMS) configuration logs are located in the following
location of the Oracle home of the OMS.
<ORACLE_HOME>/cfgtoollogs/omsca
Table B–1 lists the configuration logs for different installation types.
Table B–1
General Configuration Logs
Installation Type Location
Install a new or
Upgrade
Enterprise
Manager system
■
<ORACLE_HOME>/cfgtoollogs/cfgfw/CfmLogger<timestamp>.log
■
<ORACLE_
HOME>/cfgtoollogs/cfgfw/oracle.sysman.top.oms.<timestamp>.l
og
Note: <ORACLE_HOME> refers to the Oracle home of the OMS.
Add an
additional
Management
Service
■
<ORACLE_HOME>/cfgtoollogs/omsca/logs/omsca<timestamp.log>
■
<ORACLE_
HOME>/cfgtoollogs/cfgfw/oracle.sysman.top.oms.<timestamp>.l
og
Note: <ORACLE_HOME> refers to the Oracle home of the OMS.
Install Oracle
Management
Agent
■
<ORACLE_HOME>/cfgtoollogs/cfgfw/CfmLogger
■
<ORACLE_
HOME>/cfgtoollogs/cfgfw/oracle.sysman.top.agent.<timestamp>
.log
Note: <ORACLE_HOME> refers to the Oracle home of the Management
Agent.
B.1.2.2 Repository Configuration Logs
This section describes the following repository configuration logs:
■
SYSMAN Schema Operation Logs
■
MDS Schema Operation Logs
B.1.2.2.1
SYSMAN Schema Operation Logs
The SYSMAN schema operation logs are available in the following location of the
Oracle home of the OMS. Listed in this directory is an overall log file, emschema.log,
which logs all the actions performed by all the instances of RepManager run.
$<ORACLE_HOME>/sysman/log/schemanager/
In this location, for each run of RepManager, a new subdirectory is created based on
the time at which the RepManager was run.
For example, if the RepManager was run and an instance was created at 09/29/2007
12:50PM, then the following subdirectory is created.
$<ORACLE_HOME>/sysman/log/schemananager/m_092907_1250_PM/
An instance of RepManager (or equivalently RepManager) can have schema actions,
mainly CREATE, DROP, UPGRADE, TRANSX, and RESUME_RETRY. For each action,
a subdirectory is created.
B-2 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Logs
For example, if a CREATE action is performed by a RepManager instance at
09/29/2006 12:51PM, then the following subdirectory is created. Listed under this
subdirectory are RCU-related log files and emschema.log.CREATE log file that logs the
CREATE action-specific messages.
$<ORACLE_HOME>/sysman/log/schemananager/m_092907_1250_PM/m_092907_
1251PM.CREATE/
In general, in $<ORACLE_HOME>/sysman/log/schemananager/m_<time-stamp>/m_
<time-stamp>.<schema-action>, the following files are created:
■
RCU per component (i.e. init, common, modify, drop, config, outofbox,
preupgrade log
■
RCU log
■
Schema action-specific RCU logs
■
TransX action-specific log (emrep_config.log)
If the any of the schema operations (CREATE/UPGRADE/PREUPGRADE/DROP)
fail in SQL execution, and if you retry the operation by clicking Retry, then a separate
subdirectory titled m_<time-stamp>.RESUME_RETRY is created.
The following shows the overall directory structure of repository operation logs for
different schema actions:
$<ORACLE_HOME>/sysman/log/schemamanager
emschema.log
m_030210_0349_AM
m_030210_0325_AM.TRANSX
emrep_config.log
emschema.log.TRANSX
m_030210_0438_AM
m_030210_0438_AM.DROP (Same structure for Drop and Dropall actions)
rcu.log
emschema.log.DROP
em_repos_drop.log
m_030210_0450_AM
m_030210_0450_AM.CREATE
custom_comp_create_tbs.log
em_repos_common.log
em_repos_init.log
emrep_config.log.3
emrep_config.log.2
emrep_config.log.1
emrep_config.log
emschema.log
rcu.log
emschema.log.CREATE
em_repos_config.log
m_030210_1006_PM
m_030210_1006_PM.RESUME_RETRY
emrep_config.log.3
emrep_config.log.2
emrep_config.log.1
emrep_config.log
emschema.log
rcu.log
emschema.log.RESUME_RETRY
em_repos_modify.log
m_030210_1021_PM
m_030210_1021_PM.UPGRADE
Overview of the Installation and Configuration Log Files
B-3
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Logs
em_repos_init.log
emrep_config.log.3
emrep_config.log.2
emrep_config.log.1
emrep_config.log
emschema.log
rcu.log
emschema.log.UPGRADE
em_repos_modify.log
m_030210_1100_PM
m_030210_1100_PM.PREUPGRADE
em_repos_preupgrade.log
emschema.log.PREUPGRADE
rcu.log
em_repos_init.log
emrep_config.log.3
emrep_config.log.2
emrep_config.log.1
emrep_config.log
em_repos_common.log
m_030210_1125_PM
m_030210_1125_PM.MY_ORACLE_SUPPORT
emschema.log.MY_ORACLE_SUPPORTm_030210_1135_PM
m_030210_1135_PM.PLUGINPURGE
emschema.log.PLUGINPURGE
em_repos_pluginpurge.log
rcu.log
B.1.2.2.2
EMPrereqKit Logs
For EMPrereqKit, the logs are available at the <oraInventoryLoc>/logs/ location.
The details of execution of the prerequisites per prerequisite component location is
available at:
<oraInventoryLoc>/logs/emdbprereqs/LATEST/componentLog/<log_filename>
For example,
<oraInventoryLoc>/logs/emdbprereqs/LATEST/componentLog/repository.log
The details of execution of the EMPrereqkit is available at:
<oraInventoryLoc>/logs/emdbprereqs/LATEST/emprereqkit.log
The errors are located at:
<oraInventoryLoc>/logs/emdbprereqs/LATEST/emprereqkit.err
B.1.2.2.3
MDS Schema Operation Logs
MDS Schema Creation Log
For MDS schema creation operation, the following log is available in the Oracle home
of the OMS:
$<ORACLE_HOME>/cfgtoollogs/cfgfw/emmdscreate_<timestamp>.log
For more information, review the following logs from the Oracle home of the OMS:
$<ORACLE_HOME>/sysman/log/schemamanager/m_<timestamp>/m_
<timestamp>.CREATE/mds.log
$<ORACLE_HOME>/sysman/log/schemamanager/m_<timestamp>/m_
<timestamp>.CREATE/rcu.log
B-4 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Add Host Log Files
MDS Schema Drop Logs
For MDS schema drop operation, the following logs are available in the location you
specified by using the -logDir argument while invoking the MDS schema drop
command:
$<user_specified_location>/mds.log
$<user_specified_location>/emmdsdrop_<timestamp>.log
However, if you did not specify any custom location while invoking the MDS schema
drop command, then the logs are created in the Oracle home of the OMS. For example,
/scratch/OracleHomes/oms12c/mds.log and
/scratch/OracleHomes/oms12c/emmdsdrop_<timestamp>.log.
B.1.2.3 Secure Logs
For OMS, the following secure log is available in the OMS Instance Base location.
Here, <oms_name>, for example, can be EMGC_OMS1.
<OMS_INSTANCE_HOME>/em/<oms_name>/sysman/log/secure.log
For Management Agents, the following secure log is available in the Oracle home of
the Management Agent.
<Agent_Instance_Home/sysman/log/secure.log
B.1.2.4 Oracle Management Service Logs
The following log files that provide information about the running OMS are available
in the OMS Instance Base location. Here, <oms_name>, for example, can be EMGC_
OMS1.
<OMS_INSTANCE_HOME>/em/<oms_name>/sysman/log/emoms.trc
<OMS_INSTANCE_HOME>/em/<oms_name>/sysman/log/emoms.log
B.2 Add Host Log Files
This section describes the locations for the following Add Host log files:
■
Initialization Logs
■
Application Prerequisite Logs
■
System Prerequisite Logs
■
Agent Installation Logs
■
Other Add Host Logs
B.2.1 Initialization Logs
Table B–2 lists the initialization logs of the remote host and their locations. Note that
<OMS_INSTANCE_HOME> mentioned in this table refers to the OMS instance base
directory (by default, it is gc_inst/em/EMGC_OMS1,which is present in the parent
directory of the middleware home, by default).
Table B–2
Log File
Initialization Logs
Location
<hostname>_deploy.log <OMS_INSTANCE_HOME>/sysman/agentpush/<time-stamp>/applogs
Overview of the Installation and Configuration Log Files
B-5
Add Host Log Files
B.2.2 Application Prerequisite Logs
Table B–3 lists the application prerequisite logs and their locations. Note that <OMS_
INSTANCE_HOME> mentioned in this table refers to the OMS instance base directory (by
default, it is gc_inst/em/EMGC_OMS1,which is present in the parent directory of the
middleware home, by default), and <install_type> mentioned in this table refer to
one of the installation types mentioned in Table B–4.
Table B–3
Prerequisite Logs
Log File
Location
prereq<time_stamp>.log
<OMS_INSTANCE_
HOME>/sysman/agentpush/<time-stamp>/prereqlogs/<inst
all_type>_logs/<hostname>/
prereq<time_stamp>.out
<OMS_INSTANCE_
HOME>/sysman/agentpush/<time-stamp>/prereqlogs/<inst
all_type>_logs/<hostname>/
prereq<time_stamp>.err
<OMS_INSTANCE_
HOME>/sysman/agentpush/<time-stamp>/prereqlogs/<inst
all_type>_logs/<hostname>/
Table B–4
Install Types
Install Type
Description
Target Operating
System Type
emagent_install
New Agent Installation
UNIX
emagent_clone
Agent Cloning
UNIX
nfs_install
Shared Agent Installation
UNIX
B.2.3 System Prerequisite Logs
Table B–5 lists the system prerequisite logs and their locations. Note that <OMS_
INSTANCE_HOME> mentioned in this table refers to the OMS instance base directory (by
default, it is gc_inst/em/EMGC_OMS1,which is present in the parent directory of the
middleware home, by default).
Table B–5
System Prerequisite Logs
Log File
Location
prereq<time_stamp>.log
<OMS_INSTANCE_
HOME>/sysman/agentpush/<time-stamp>/prereqlogs/productp
rereq_logs/<hostname>/
prereq<time_stamp>.out
<OMS_INSTANCE_
HOME>/sysman/agentpush/<time-stamp>/prereqlogs/productp
rereq_logs/<hostname>/
prereq<time_stamp>.err
<OMS_INSTANCE_
HOME>/sysman/agentpush/<time-stamp>/prereqlogs/productp
rereq_logs/<hostname>/
B.2.4 Agent Installation Logs
Table B–6 lists the agent installation logs and their locations. Note that <OMS_INSTANCE_
HOME> mentioned in this table refers to the OMS instance base directory (by default, it
is gc_inst/em/EMGC_OMS1,which is present in the parent directory of the middleware
home, by default).
B-6 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Manual Management Agent Installation Logs
Table B–6
Agent Installation Logs
Log File
Location
Description
install.log/.err <OMS_INSTANCE_
Fresh and Cloned Agent install
HOME>/sysman/agentpush/<time- logs
stamp>/logs/<hostname>
nfs_
<OMS_INSTANCE_
Shared Agent installation logs
install.log/.err HOME>/sysman/agentpush/<timestamp>/logs/<hostname>
<OMS_INSTANCE_
Agent Configuration logs
HOME>/sysman/agentpush/<timestamp>/cfgtoollogs/<hostname>
cfgfw/*.log
B.2.5 Other Add Host Logs
Table B–7 lists all the other installation logs that are created during an agent
installation using the Add Host wizard. Note that <OMS_INSTANCE_HOME> mentioned in
this table refers to the OMS instance base directory (by default, it is gc_inst/em/EMGC_
OMS1,which is present in the parent directory of the middleware home, by default).
Table B–7
Other Add Host Logs
Logs
Location
Description
EMAgentPushLogger<TIMES <OMS_INSTANCE_
TAMP>.log
HOME>/sysman/agentpush/logs/
Agent Deploy application
logs.
remoteInterfaces<TIMEST <OMS_INSTANCE_
AMP>.log
HOME>/sysman/agentpush/logs/
Logs of the remote
interfaces layer.
deployfwk.log
<OMS_INSTANCE_
Add Host Deployment
HOME>/sysman/agentpush/<time-st Framework logs
amp>/applogs/
ui.log
<OMS_INSTANCE_
Add Host User Interface
HOME>/sysman/agentpush/<time-st logs.
amp>/applogs/
B.3 Manual Management Agent Installation Logs
Table B–8 lists the installation logs that are created when a Management Agent is
installed manually, that is, in silent mode. Note that <ORACLE_HOME> mentioned in this
table refers to the target Management Agent Oracle Home, that is, <AGENT_BASE_
DIR>/core/12.1.0.4.0/.
Table B–8
Manual Management Agent Installation Logs
Logs
Location
Description
agentDeploy<TIMESTAMP>. <ORACLE_
log
HOME>/cfgtoollogs/agentDeploy/
Installation logs
prereq<TIMESTAMP>.log
Installation prerequisite
logs
<ORACLE_
HOME>/cfgtoollogs/agentDeploy/
CfmLogger<TIMESTAMP>.lo <ORACLE_
g
HOME>/cfgtoollogs/cfgfw/
Configuration logs
AttachHome<TIMESTAMP>.l <ORACLE_
og
HOME>/cfgtoollogs/agentDeploy/
Attach home logs
UpdateHomeDeps<TIMESTAM <ORACLE_
P>.log
HOME>/cfgtoollogs/agentDeploy/
Update home logs
Overview of the Installation and Configuration Log Files
B-7
Additional OMS Installation Logs
Table B–8 (Cont.) Manual Management Agent Installation Logs
Logs
Location
cloneActions<TIMESTAMP> <ORACLE_
.log
HOME>/cfgtoollogs/agentDeploy/
Description
Clone action logs
B.4 Additional OMS Installation Logs
Table B–9 lists the installation logs that you can view when adding an OMS fails:
Note:
ORACLE_HOME refers to the home for the new additional OMS.
However, for Admin logs, ORACLE_HOME refers to the home for the
primary OMS.
■
INSTANCE_HOME refers to the OMS instance directory (that is, gc_
inst,which is present in the parent directory of the middleware
home, by default).
■
Table B–9
Additional OMS Installation Logs
Logs
Location
omsca failure
$ORACLE_HOME/cfgtoollogs/omsca
Plug-in failure
$ORACLE_HOME/cfgtoollogs/pluginca
Managed server logs
$ORACLE_HOME/cfgtoollogs/omsca/log_<timestamp>/
■
■
■
emLogs (emoms logs)
msLogs (Managed
server logs, if server
fails to start)
nmLogs
Admin logs
$INSTANCE_HOME/user_
projects/domains/GCDomain/servers/EMGC_ADMINSERVER/logs
(If out of memory error or space issue occurs, this logs on the
primary OMS)
Deployment procedure
output
Deployment procedure screenshots
Clone logs
$ORACLE_HOME/cfgtoollogs/clone
B-8 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
C
Redirecting Oracle Management Agent to
Another Oracle Management Service
C
This appendix explains how to redirect or repoint your Oracle Management Agent
(Management Agent), that is already communicating with an Oracle Management
Service (OMS), to communicate and upload data to a different OMS that is part of a
different Enterprise Manager Cloud Control (Cloud Control) deployment.
Note:
■
■
Redirecting Management Agents to a different OMS that is part of
a different Cloud Control deployment is supported only for
Management Agents that were deployed fresh, and were not
upgraded from an earlier version. You cannot redirect a
Management Agent that was upgraded from an earlier version.
When you redirect a Management Agent to a different OMS that is
part of a different Cloud Control deployment, you lose all the
changes made to the agent instance home, such as user defined
metric collections, changes made to the emd.properties file, and
so on.
In particular, this appendix covers the following:
■
Prerequisites for Redirecting a Management Agent to Another OMS
■
Redirecting a Management Agent to Another OMS
C.1 Prerequisites for Redirecting a Management Agent to Another OMS
Before redirecting or repointing a Management Agent, ensure that you meet the
following prerequisites:
■
Ensure that the new OMS that you want to point the Management Agent to is of
the same version as the Management Agent, or of a higher version.
To view the version of the Management Agent you want to repoint, from the
Setup menu, select Manage Cloud Control, then select Agents. Click the name of
the Management Agent. The Management Agent version is displayed in the
Summary section.
To view the version of the new OMS, from the Setup menu, select Manage Cloud
Control, then select Management Services. Click the name of the new OMS. The
OMS version is displayed in the Summary section.
Redirecting Oracle Management Agent to Another Oracle Management Service C-1
Redirecting a Management Agent to Another OMS
You can repoint the Management Agent only if the new OMS is compatible with
the Management Agent. Using the Enterprise Manager certification matrix, you
can view the compatibility between an OMS version and a Management Agent
version. For information on accessing this matrix, refer Oracle Enterprise Manager
Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.
■
Ensure that the previous OMS that the Management Agent was pointing to, and
the new OMS that you want to point the Management Agent to have the same set
of plug-ins deployed on them, and that all the plug-ins configured on the
Management Agent are deployed on the new OMS. Also, ensure that all these
plug-ins deployed on the new OMS are of the same version, (that is, the version
configured on the Management Agent or the previous OMS) or a higher version.
To view the list of plug-ins deployed on a particular OMS, log in to the Enterprise
Manager system, from the Setup menu, select Extensibility, then select Plug-ins.
To view the list of plug-ins configured on a particular Management Agent, run the
following command:
$<AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME>/bin/emctl listplugins agent -type all
■
Ensure that the Management Agent that you want to redirect is up and running,
then run the following command to re-create the plugins.txt file:
$AGENT_HOME/perl/bin/perl $AGENT_HOME/sysman/install/create_plugin_
list.pl -instancehome <AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME>
By default, the Perl install location is specified as
/usr/local/bin in create_plugin_list.pl. If Perl is installed on the
Management Agent host in a different location, ensure that you edit
the first line of create_plugin_list.pl, and specify the location
where Perl is installed.
Note:
■
Ensure that all the patches applied on the Management Agent that change the
target type or collection metadata are also applied on the new OMS that you want
to point the Management Agent to.
To view all the patches applied on the Management Agent, from the Targets menu,
select All Targets. Click the name of the Management Agent Oracle Home target.
All the patches applied on the Management Agent are displayed in the Applied
Patches section.
From the displayed list of patches, apply the required patches (the patches that
change the target type or collection metadata) on the new OMS. For information
on how to apply a patch on an OMS, refer the Patching Enterprise Manager
chapter present in Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Administrator’s Guide.
■
If you have applied any one-off patches on the Management Agent you want to
repoint, ensure that you apply the fix for Bug 15904425 on the Management Agent
and the new OMS.
C.2 Redirecting a Management Agent to Another OMS
To redirect or repoint a Management Agent, follow these steps:
1.
Run the following command to stop the Management Agent:
$<AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME>/bin/emctl stop agent
C-2 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Redirecting a Management Agent to Another OMS
2.
Run the following EM CLI command to delete the Management Agent target on
the old OMS:
$<OMS_HOME>/bin/emcli delete_target -delete_monitored_targets
-name=<name_of_agent_target> -type="oracle_emd"
For more information about the delete_target EMCLI command, refer Oracle
Enterprise Manager Command Line Interface Guide.
3.
Run the following command to remove the Management Agent instance home:
rm -rf <absolute_path_to_agent_instance_home>
If the agent base directory and the agent instance home point to the same physical
location, do not run this command. Instead, remove the <AGENT_INSTANCE_
HOME>/bin, <AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME>/sysman, <AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME>/diag,
and <AGENT_INSTANCE_HOME>/install directories.
4.
Run the agentDeploy.sh (agentDeploy.bat for Microsoft Windows hosts) script
with the -configOnly option to create a new instance home for the Management
Agent and redirect it to the new OMS:
$<AGENT_BASE_DIR>/core/12.1.0.5.0/sysman/install/agentDeploy.sh AGENT_
BASE_DIR=<absolute_path_to_agent_base_dir> AGENT_INSTANCE_
HOME=<absolute_path_to_agent_base_dir>/agent_inst AGENT_PORT=<port_for_
agent_process> OMS_HOST=<new_oms_host_name> EM_UPLOAD_PORT=<upload_
port> AGENT_REGISTRATION_PASSWORD=<agent_reg_password> b_upgrade=false
b_12cupgrade=false b_agentUpgrade=false b_noUpgrade=true -configOnly
For more information about the parameters you can specify while running
agentDeploy.sh or agentDeploy.bat, refer Table 6–3. For more information about
the -configOnly option, refer Table 6–6.
The specified agent base directory location and the new agent
instance home location map to locations on the same host, where the
Management Agent was already configured. The OMS host name, of
course, maps to the other host where the new OMS is configured, that
is, the OMS with which you want the Management Agent to
communicate now.
Note:
Redirecting Oracle Management Agent to Another Oracle Management Service C-3
Redirecting a Management Agent to Another OMS
C-4 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
D
Applying Patches to Oracle Management
Agents While Deploying or Upgrading Them
D
In Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 4 (12.1.0.5.0), you can combine
Management Agent binaries with Management Agent patches and plug-in patches, so
that you do not have to apply these patches every time you deploy or upgrade a
Management Agent. You can save the Management Agent one-off patches that you
want to apply on a particular version of the Management Agent software, such that
these patches are automatically applied on the software whenever a new Management
Agent of the same version is deployed, or an old Management Agent is upgraded to
that version. This is a one-time operation, that is, you do not have to perform this
action every time you deploy or upgrade a Management Agent.
If you save the Management Agent one-off patches on the OMS host as described in
this appendix, any Management Agent deployment or upgrade activity will
automatically pick up these patches for the respective Management Agent versions
and platforms. Hence, this feature saves you a considerable amount of time and effort.
For information on applying patches on a plug-in and ensuring that the patched
plug-in is deployed on all the new Management Agents that you deploy, and all the
old Management Agents that you upgrade, see Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Administration Guide.
Ensure that you follow the steps mentioned in this appendix and the section
referenced in the previous para before scheduling a Management Agent deployment
or upgrade session, so that the patches that you want to apply on the Management
Agent and plug-ins are applied automatically after the Management Agent
deployment or upgrade.
This appendix contains the following sections:
■
Saving Management Agent Patches to an OMS Host
■
Verifying Patch Application After Management Agent Deployment or Upgrade
D.1 Saving Management Agent Patches to an OMS Host
To save Management Agent one-off patches to your OMS host, such that they are
applied whenever a new Management Agent is deployed, or a Management Agent is
upgraded, follow these steps:
1.
Download the required Management Agent one-off patches from My Oracle
Support, available at the following URL:
https://support.oracle.com/
Applying Patches to Oracle Management Agents While Deploying or Upgrading Them
D-1
Saving Management Agent Patches to an OMS Host
Ensure that the size of the patch zip file you downloaded is the same as what is
displayed on the My Oracle Support page.
For information on how to download a patch from My Oracle Support, see Oracle
Enterprise Manager Lifecycle Management Administrator's Guide.
2.
Create the following directory on the OMS host, and transfer all the generic
Management Agent one-off patches to it:
$<OMS_HOME>/install/oneoffs/<agent_version>/Generic/
Here, <agent_version> is the version of the Management Agent that the patch is
for. Ensure that you use the five-digit Management Agent version while creating
this directory.
For example, if you want to apply Patch 11180406, a generic Management Agent
one-off patch for a 12.1.0.5.0 Management Agent, whenever a 12.1.0.5.0
Management Agent is deployed, or an old Management Agent is upgraded to
12.1.0.5.0, download this patch from My Oracle Support, create the following
directory, then transfer the patch to it:
$<OMS_HOME>/install/oneoffs/12.1.0.5.0/Generic/
3.
Create the following directories on the OMS host, and transfer all the
platform-specific Management Agent one-off patches to them:
$<OMS_HOME>/install/oneoffs/<agent_version>/<platform>/
Here, <agent_version> is the version of the Management Agent that the patch is
for. Ensure that you use the five-digit Management Agent version while creating
these directories.
<platform> is the platform directory name, which is different for different patch
platforms. Table D–1 lists the platform directories that you must create for various
patch platforms.
Table D–1 Platform Directory Names for Transferring Platform-Specific Management
Agent Patches
Patch Platform
Platform Directory Name
Linux x86
linux
Linux x86-64
linux_x64
Oracle Solaris on SPARC
(64-bit)
solaris
Oracle Solaris on x86-64
(64-bit)
solaris_x64
HP-UX PA-RISC (64-bit)
hpunix
HP-UX Itanium
hpi
IBM S/390 Based Linux
(31-bit)
linux_zseries64
IBM AIX on POWER
Systems (64-bit)
aix
IBM: Linux on POWER
Systems
linux_ppc64
Microsoft Windows x64
(64-bit)
windows_x64
Microsoft Windows (32-bit)
win32
D-2 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
Verifying Patch Application After Management Agent Deployment or Upgrade
If you have a multi-OMS environment, ensure that you
perform these steps on all the OMS hosts. Ensure that you download
and transfer the same patches to the same directories on all the OMS
hosts. Failing to do so may result in inconsistency and unexpected
errors.
Note:
For example, if you want to apply Patch 11878907 (which is for a 12.1.0.5.0 Linux
x86-64 Management Agent), and Patch 11993577 (which is for a 12.1.0.5.0 Microsoft
Windows x64 Management Agent), whenever these Management Agents are
deployed, or older versions of these Management Agents are upgraded to
12.1.0.5.0, download these patches from My Oracle Support, create the following
directories, then transfer the patches to them:
For Patch 11878907:
$<OMS_HOME>/install/oneoffs/12.1.0.5.0/linux_x64/
For Patch 11993577:
$<OMS_HOME>/install/oneoffs/12.1.0.5.0/windows_x64/
D.2 Verifying Patch Application After Management Agent Deployment or
Upgrade
You can use these methods to verify whether the Management Agent one-off patches
that you saved to your OMS host (described in Section D.1) have been applied on a
Management Agent that you deployed or upgraded:
■
Run the following command from the Management Agent home:
$<AGENT_HOME>/OPatch/opatch lsinventory -oh <AGENT_HOME> -invPtrLoc
<AGENT_HOME>/oraInst.loc
This command displays all the patches applied on the Management Agent.
■
In the Cloud Control console, from the Setup menu, select Manage Cloud
Control, then select Agents. Click the name of the required Management Agent to
navigate to its home page. In the Configuration section, click Oracle Home and
Patch Details. The patches applied on the Management Agent are displayed in the
Patches Applied section.
Applying Patches to Oracle Management Agents While Deploying or Upgrading Them
D-3
Verifying Patch Application After Management Agent Deployment or Upgrade
D-4 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide
E
Using the RepManager Utility
E
This appendix describes the RepManager utility. In particular, this appendix covers the
following:
■
Overview of the RepManager Utility
■
Actions and Commands Supported by the RepManager Utility
E.1 Overview of the RepManager Utility
RepManager is a utility that enables you to upgrade and drop Oracle Management
Repository, selectively purge plug-ins, and load dlf messages to Oracle Management
Repository. This utility is available in the Oracle Management Service (OMS) home:
For UNIX operating systems:
$<OMS_HOME>/sysman/admin/emdrep/bin/RepManager
For Microsoft Windows operating systems:
$<OMS_HOME>/sysman/admin/emdrep/bin/RepManager.bat
This utility is invoked by Repository Configuration Assistant while installing a
complete Enterprise Manager system, and by Repository Upgrade Configuration
Assistant while upgrading to Enterprise Manager Cloud Control.
If you want to drop the Enterprise Manager schema
completely, then use the RepManager available in the OMS home. Do
not use the one in database home because it cannot remove the
Enterprise Manager schema completely.
Note:
E.2 Actions and Commands Supported by t