BEST Control System

BEST Control System
BEST Control System
BEST Robotic, Inc.
1
Servos
Return Kit
Joystick
WiFi key
AAA Battery
Charger
(2)
Serial
Analog
Servo Extensions
(2)
USB/Tether
Digital
i/o
Motors/
Servos
Servo Power Adapter
Controller
(4)
Servo Horns
(2)
Battery
USB A-A cable
Servo Mount H/W
(2)
(16)
2
Drive components
Return Kit
(2)
Motors
7.2V Battery charger
Picture Not
Available
(2)
Battery adapter
Motor
controller (4)
Screw terminal
sensor i/f cable (8)
(2)
7.2V Battery
Screw terminal
motor i/f cable (4)
(2)
3
Example Hookup
4
VEXnet Control System
• VEX Cortex microcontroller
• Dual ARM Cortex CPUs
• Programmable
• WiFi radio technology
• Off-the-shelf system
• New gaming style controller
• Additional digital (on/off) channels
5
VEXnet Cortex MicroController
8 Analog
inputs
12 Digital
inputs or outputs
Speaker
Output
WiFi 802.11
Proprietary Comm.
Standard Serial
Interfaces
(UART, I2C)
10 Motor/Servo Ports
(Built-In ESC on 2 ports)
System Status
Indicators
6
VEXnet Joystick
“Playstation” game-style controller
8 buttons on top
2 XY analog joysticks
Power switch
6 AAA
rechargeable
batteries
Plug-in USB/ WiFi Key
4 Button on front-side
Programming Interface
3 Axis Accelerometer
(XY Tilt, XYZ Accel, Shake)
7
System Features
 Wireless communication using 802.11g
 2 2-wire proportional motor control outputs (not used
by BEST)
 8 3-wire PWM servo/motor outputs
 12 discrete digital inputs/outputs + 1 speaker
 Wireless or direct USB port for program download
 Onboard power switch
 Built-in resettable fuse for overcurrent situations
 Powered by a single 7.2 volt RC hobby battery
August 19, 2011
Copyright © 2011 BEST Robotics, Inc. All rights reserved.
8
VEX Cortex Connectors
Gnd +5v Sig
(Blk) (Red) (Wht)
Analog
in
USB
Standard Serial
Interfaces
(UART, I2C)
1
8
1
1
2
Digital
in/out
3-wire PWM
servo/motor ctrl
12
Speaker
Out
2-wire motor
9
10
SP
2-wire motor
Sig +5v Gnd
(Wht) (Red) (Blk)
9
VEX Cortex Connectors
Configuration Switch
(used for special
procedures)
75MHz Crystal Interface
Ports (not used by BEST)
Backup Battery Port for
WiFi Communications
(9V)
On/Off switch
Main Battery Port
(7.2V)
10
VEX Cortex Pinouts
Ground
+ 5V
Signal/Control
+ Battery Power
+ Battery Power
(for + control input)
+ Battery Power
(for – control input)
11
DC Motors (1)
 Use of internal motor controllers is not allowed (motor ports 1 and
10)
 External motor controller(s)
 connect via 3-wire external motor controller + 2-wire screw
terminal cable
 use motor ports 2 thru 9 only
12
DC Motors (2)
 For power reasons, spread your motors so that you
have
 no more than 2 motors plugged into ports 2-5 and
 no more than 2 motors plugged into ports 6-9.
 You risk overcurrent and shutdown of the processor.
 Servo/motor ports are divided into 2 banks




Bank1 = Ports 1-5
Bank2 = Ports 6-10
Each bank can support a maximum of 4 Amps of current
BEST large motor stall current can reach 3.5 Amps.
 Sheet metal shield around the large motors IS
needed and should not be removed.
13
DC Motors (3)
 Solder wires to motor terminals or preferred method use quickdisconnect terminals
 Polarity is NOT marked on motors: positive(+), negative(-)
 Wiring (and programming) will determine clockwise or counter
clockwise rotation for positive stick movement
 Mount motors with VEX Motor Mounting Kit
Use VEX Motor Mounting
Kit materials
14
3-Wire Motor Connection (1)
Suggest using
a 4” wire tie or
heat shrink tubing here
External Motor
Controller
Standard 2-wire
motor cable
Standard 3-wire
PWM connector
Screw terminals
for attaching motor leads
15
3-Wire Motor Connection (2)
 Connectors are not keyed
 Connect red to red, black to black
16
Servos
Servo Power Adaptors
 Futaba S3003 or S3004 series
 Maximum 120 degree rotation (+60, -60)
 Connection to Cortex controller
 via 3-wire PWM + Servo Power Adaptor
 use motor ports 2 thru 9 only
Servo horns may be modified
servo horns
(2)
(2)
(1)
17
Connecting a Servo (1)
 Insert a Servo Power
Adaptor cable
 Converts VEX female
port to male port and
provides protection
 Because Futaba servos
have female connectors
18
Proper Servo Mounting (1)
 Futaba 3003/3004 Servos
 4 per Kit
 Mounting Hardware for each
 To eliminate damage to
mounting holes
 Servo Mounting Hardware
 Rubber grommet (2)
 Brass spacer (4)
 Mounting screw (4)
Note: There are 16 of each screw, spacer, grommet in the Return Kit.
19
Proper Servo Mounting (2)
1. No h/w attached
3. Insert brass spacers
2. Attach rubber grommets
4. Secure servo with screws
20
Digital Input Connections (1)
 Use for limit switches, microswitches
 Connect to Cortex digital inputs using 2-wire sensor screw terminal
cables (white/black wires)
sensor screw terminal cable
Connect to switch
Connect to Cortex
digital input port
21
Digital Input Connections (2)
 must program digital port for proper direction (input)
 open = reads as ‘1’ ; closed = reads as ‘0’
sensor cable
connector is keyed
use digital ports
1 thru 12
22
Re-Syncing (Pairing) VEXnet
If VEXnet does not connect,
you may need to re-sync the
joystick/controller pair by simply
connecting a USB cable and
powering on both units.
23
Out of the Box Configuration
 Allows a team to hook up the Cortex and have it work
without having to program it.
 Referred to as the “BEST default” program.
 This is NOT the only configuration for the Cortex!
 Good for initial checkout, but we want teams to load a
unique configuration.
24
BEST Programming Options
 Three different programming environments available
 MathWorks Simulink http://www.mathworks.com/academia/best-robotics/
 easyCv4 http://www.intelitekdownloads.com/easyCV4
 RobotC http://www.robotc.net/download/cortex
 Simulink is graphical programming/modeling environment with
simulation capability (see what your program will do before you
download it to the Cortex)
 easyC is a block programming environment (similar to software for
Lego Mindstorms)
 RobotC programs in C with a text editor, but it has runtime debugging
(can step through program line by line and see what the results are)
August 19, 2011
Copyright © 2011 BEST Robotics, Inc. All rights reserved.
25
Downloading a Program
. Option 1: Direct USB Download
Uses only the A-A USB cable.
Battery is not
needed
26
Downloading a Program
. Option 2: Tethered Download
Uses the optional programming
cable with A-A USB tether.
Allows advanced debugging.
27
Downloading a Program
. Option 3: Wireless Download
Uses the optional programming
cable with WiFi USB Keys.
Battery is
needed
Allows advanced debugging.
28
Testing Tips
 Ensure your robot is ‘safe’ to operate:
 Can’t move or fall off table (use a jack-stand)
 All team members clear of moving parts
 Connect either WiFi keys or tether cable between the
joystick and the Cortex controller.
 Make sure Cortex switch is in OFF position.
 Attach a charged battery.
 Turn on joystick (if not using tether).
 Turn Cortex switch to ON position.
 For WiFi comm, link should establish in ~10 sec
 Test robot operations with transmitter.
29
LED Status Lights
joystick battery status
robot battery status
comm. link status
Game status
(not used by
BEST)
• Green battery – good charge
• Yellow battery - dying
• Red battery – dead
• Green VEXnet – comm. established
• Yellow VEXnet – searching
• Lights on the controller and the joystick
are the same
30
Team Tips
 Tin motor wires with solder before attaching to screw terminals
since frayed stranded wires can cause a short or even better to
use quick-disconnect terminals.
 Do NOT solder wires to Cortex connectors!
 Sensor cables, servo power adapter cables and external motor
controllers are all keyed in correct orientation; insert and remove
carefully to avoid destroying connectors.
 Tighten screws on motor and sensor connector cables so that
wires are not loose and do not pull out.
 Mount Cortex to robot using #8 screws through holes provided;
be careful not to over tighten.
 Avoid “hot insertion” of USB Keys.
 You may operate tethered by removing the USB WiFi key and
connecting a USB A-A cable between joystick and Cortex.
31
Joystick Calibration
 If the motors hum or creep (sticks not returning to zero), the
joystick may need to be recalibrated
 Calibration procedure (as extracted from the easyC help file)
1) The Joystick must be "Linked" to the Cortex Microcontroller using the VEXnet Keys.
2) Hold the "6U" Back Switch depressed.
3) While the "6U" Back Switch is depressed, use a small Allen Wrench (1/16" or smaller) or similar small straight tool
to depress and hold the CONFIG Switch.
4) Hold both Switches depressed until you see the Joystick LED Flash RED and GREEN - you can now release both
Switches.
a. There is a 10 second time limit to complete the following steps 5 and 6.
5) Now move both Joystick Pots to the maximum position desired in all 4 directions - Up, Back, Left, and Right.
a. If a movement is not detected in all 4 directions, a timeout will occur after about 10 seconds and the Cal Mode
will be discontinued and the VEXnet LED will briefly Flash Red.
b. The Joystick LED will continue to Flash RED and GREEN during the calibration process.
6) After movement is detected in all 4 directions, the Joystick LED will be ON and Solid GREEN.
a. To "Save" the Calibration, depress and release the "8U" Top Switch Button.
b. If the calibration is accepted and Saved, the Joystick LED will start Flashing Fast GREEN for a few seconds.
c. If the Calibration is not Saved, a timeout will occur after about 10 seconds and the Cal Mode will be
discontinued and the VEXnet LED will briefly Flash Red.
d. To cancel a calibration, depress and release the "7U" Top Switch Button. The Cal Mode will be discontinued
and the VEXnet LED will briefly Flash Red.
e. If the Cal Mode is discontinued or saved, the Joystick LEDs will resume their normal function after the VEXnet
LED briefly Flashes.
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Where to find help?
 Online resources/documentation (BRI Site)
 http://best.eng.auburn.edu/b_resources1.php
 BEST Public Message Board (for anyone)
 http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/bestinc/
 Must register for login account
 Share ideas, resolve issues, …
 Official Q&A “Control System” Category
 http://best.eng.auburn.edu/cgi-bin/bestqna.pl
 Use “Official Q&A” page during contest for “rules
specific” questions
 Is this legal?
33
Where to find help? (2)
 VEX Forum
 http://www.vexforum.com/forum.php
 Technical questions about VEX equipment
 easyC and RobotC dedicated forums included here
 Robotevents BEST Forum
 http://forum.robotevents.com/forumdisplay.php?f=51
 Dedicated user forum for BEST Robotics
 Must register for a login account
34
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