explorer 8100 - Broadcast Wireless Systems

explorer 8100 - Broadcast Wireless Systems
EXPLORER 8100
User & installation manual
EXPLORER 8100
User & installation manual
Document number: 98-145510-A
Release date: 13 July 2015
Disclaimer
Any responsibility or liability for loss or damage in connection with the use of this product and the
accompanying documentation is disclaimed by Thrane & Thrane A/S. The information in this manual is
provided for information purposes only, is subject to change without notice and may contain errors or
inaccuracies. Manuals issued by Thrane & Thrane A/S are periodically revised and updated. Anyone
relying on this information should acquire the most current version e.g. from
www.cobham.com/communications-and-connectivity/satcom, Service and support, or from the
distributor. Thrane & Thrane A/S is not responsible for the content or accuracy of any translations or
reproductions, in whole or in part, of this manual from any other source. In the event of any
discrepancies, the English version shall be the governing text.
Thrane & Thrane A/S is trading as Cobham SATCOM.
Copyright
© 2015 Thrane & Thrane A/S. All rights reserved.
Trademark acknowledgements
• Inmarsat is a registered trademark of the International Maritime Satellite Organisation (IMSO) and is
licensed by IMSO to Inmarsat Limited and Inmarsat Ventures plc.
• Other product and company names mentioned in this manual may be trademarks or trade names of
their respective owners.
98-145510-A
ii
Safety summary
The following general safety precautions must be observed during all phases of operation,
service and repair of this equipment. Failure to comply with these precautions or with specific
warnings elsewhere in this manual violates safety standards of design, manufacture and
intended use of the equipment. Thrane & Thrane A/S assumes no liability for the customer's
failure to comply with these requirements.
WARNING! Potentially hot surface when the system is
operated in hot environments without the possibility for ventilation.
Contact may cause burn. Allow to cool before servicing.
Install and use the antenna with care
Thrane & Thrane A/S assumes no liability for any damage caused by the antenna falling off the
vehicle or stressing the mounting base. It is the responsibility of the customer to ensure a safe
and correct installation of the antenna. The instructions in this manual are only guidelines.
Service
User access to the interior of the system units is not allowed. Only a technician authorized by
Cobham SATCOM may perform service - failure to comply with this rule will void the warranty.
Power supply
The voltage range for the EXPLORER 8100 is 100 – 240 VAC (nominal), 4 A, 50/60 Hz.
WARNING! Before disassembling or performing any maintenance or
upgrades, unplug the unit from power source.
Do not operate in an explosive atmosphere
Do not operate the equipment in the presence of flammable gases or fumes. Operation of any
electrical equipment in such an environment constitutes a definite safety hazard.
Keep away from live circuits
Operating personnel must not remove equipment covers. Component replacement and internal
adjustment must be made by qualified maintenance personnel. Do not replace components
with the power cable connected. Under certain conditions, dangerous voltages may exist even
with the power cable removed. To avoid injuries, always disconnect power and discharge
circuits before touching them.
WARNING! Be aware of pinch points while the antenna is being
positioned, deployed or stowed.
98-145510-A
iii
Microwave radiation hazards
During transmission the antenna radiates Microwave Power.This radiation may be hazardous to
humans close to the antenna. During transmission, make sure that nobody gets closer than the
recommended minimum safety distance.
WARNING! This device emits radio frequency energy. Do not place your
head or other body parts between transmitting feed horn and reflector
when the system is operational.
Also do not place any objects between feed horn and reflector, as the
object may reflect the signal in a different direction than the focal line.
The minimum safe distance applies in a 1200 mm diameter cylinder between the reflector and
satellite, parallel with the feed arm (see Figure 1 below). No hazard exists at the back of the
reflector.
Minimum safe distance, Ku-Band:
• General public (uncontrolled environment, based on a radiation level of 10 W/m2): 30 m
• Trained professional operators, short term (controlled, radiation level: 100 W/m2): 1 m
Minimum safe distance, Ka-Band:
• General public (uncontrolled environment, based on a radiation level of 10 W/m2): 36 m
• Trained professional operators, short term (controlled, radiation level: 100 W/m2): 1 m
98-145510-A
iv
h
m
h
ngt
to t
o
t ab
0m
120
i
Ra d
di
safe
n
o
ati
Le
ce:
stan
ing
ord
acc
x
e te
e
gur
is fi
h
t
ve
Figure 1: Radiation area
Mechanical “stay-clear” area
WARNING! Stay clear of the antenna when it is powered! The antenna
dish can move quickly across a large area, and can cause injury to persons
close to the antenna. Respect the “Stay-clear area” shown below. Measures
are in millimeter [inches in brackets]. Add a little extra security margin.
98-145510-A
v
5
19 ]
R1 7.0
[4
232
[9.1]
1427
[56.2]
Antenna clearance space
246
[9.7]
997
[39.3]
Ø2390
[94.1]
Antenna clearance space
997
[39.3]
830
[32.7]
Ø2390
[94.1]
Figure 2: Stay-clear area for the antenna
Failure to comply with the rules above will void the warranty!
98-145510-A
vi
Table of contents
Safety summary..............................................................................................................................iii
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
98-145510-A
About this manual
1.1
Manual overview ................................................................................................................... 1-1
1.2
Precautions ................................................................................................................................ 1-2
Introduction
2.1
EXPLORER 8100 system .................................................................................................. 2-1
2.2
Description of the system components ............................................................. 2-3
2.3
Part numbers ......................................................................................................................... 2-10
Installation
3.1
What’s in the box ................................................................................................................. 3-1
3.2
To install the EXPLORER 8100 ................................................................................... 3-2
Interfaces
4.1
Interfaces of the EXPLORER 8100 ACU .............................................................. 4-1
4.2
Interfaces of the EXPLORER 8100 antenna ..................................................... 4-9
4.3
Interfaces of the VSAT modem ............................................................................. 4-10
Initial setup and basic functions
5.1
To drive with the antenna installed ...................................................................... 5-1
5.2
Prerequisites ............................................................................................................................. 5-1
5.3
Initial setup .............................................................................................................................. 5-2
5.4
Start up and basic functions ....................................................................................... 5-3
Setup and operation
6.1
The web interface ................................................................................................................ 6-1
6.2
Keypad and display menus ........................................................................................ 6-21
Service and maintenance
7.1
General support ..................................................................................................................... 7-1
7.2
Software update .................................................................................................................... 7-4
7.3
Status signalling with LEDs and status messages ....................................... 7-7
7.4
To stow and deploy the antenna manually ..................................................... 7-9
7.5
To return units for repair ............................................................................................ 7-14
vii
Table of contents
Appendix A
Appendix B
Appendix C
Appendix D
Technical specifications
A.1
General specifications ......................................................................................................A-1
A.2
Antenna specifications ....................................................................................................A-1
A.3
Antenna dimensions ..........................................................................................................A-4
A.4
ACU specifications ..............................................................................................................A-7
A.5
ACU dimensions ....................................................................................................................A-8
VSAT modem cables
B.1
Modem Cable COMTECH Serial & RSSI TT7016A ....................................... B-2
B.2
iDirect & SkyEdge II VSAT modem serial cable ........................................... B-3
VSAT modem settings
C.1
OpenAMIP setup for iDirect iNFINITI & Evolution ..................................C-2
C.2
Serial setup for iDirect iNFINITI & Evolution ............................................C-12
C.3
COMTECH 570L ...................................................................................................................C-16
C.4
STM SatLink 2900 VSAT modem ...........................................................................C-19
C.5
Gilat SkyEdge II VSAT modem ...............................................................................C-22
System messages
D.1
Event messages – overview ..........................................................................................D-1
D.2
Lists of events .........................................................................................................................D-2
Appendix E
DVB-S satellites for Ku-Band
Appendix F
Approvals
F.1
Eutelsat ........................................................................................................................................ F-1
F.2
CE ...................................................................................................................................................... F-1
F.3
FCC ................................................................................................................................................... F-1
F.4
IC ...................................................................................................................................................... F-2
Glossary
..............................................................................................................................................................Glossary-1
Index
....................................................................................................................................................................Index-1
98-145510-A
viii
Chapter 1
About this manual
1.1
1
Manual overview
This manual has the following chapters:
• Introduction
• Installation
• Interfaces
• Setup and operation
• Service and maintenance
This manual has the following appendices:
• Technical specifications
• VSAT modem cables
• VSAT modem settings
• System messages
• Approvals
1.1.1
Intended readers
This is an installation and user manual for the EXPLORER 8100 system, intended for
installers and users of the system. It is important that you observe all safety requirements
listed in the beginning of this manual, and install and use the system according to the
guidelines in this manual.
Service that requires access to the interior of the system units may only be performed by a
technician authorized by Cobham SATCOM.
1.1.2
Software version
This manual is intended for EXPLORER 8100 with software version 1.51 (Antenna and
ACU). The modem software version is shown in its own web interface.
1.1.3
Typography
In this manual, typography is used as indicated below:
Bold is used for the following purposes:
•
To emphasize words.
Example: “Do not touch the antenna”.
•
To indicate what the user should select in the user interface.
Example: “Select SETTINGS > LAN”.
Italic is used to emphasize the paragraph title in cross-references.
98-145510-A
1-1
Precautions
1.2
Precautions
Text marked with “Warning”, “Caution”, “Note” or “Important” show the following type of
data:
• Warning: A Warning is an operation or maintenance procedure that, if not obeyed, can
cause injury or death.
• Caution: A Caution is an operation or maintenance procedure that, if not obeyed, can
cause damage to the equipment.
• Note: A Note gives information to help the reader.
• Important: A text marked Important gives information that is important to the user,
e.g. to make the system work properly. This text does not concern damage on
equipment or personal safety.
All personnel who operate equipment or do maintenance as specified in this manual must
know and follow the safety precautions. The warnings and cautions that follow apply to all
parts of this manual.
See also the Safety summary on page iii.
WARNING! Before using any material, refer to the manufacturers’
material safety data sheets for safety information. Some materials can be
dangerous.
CAUTION! Do not use materials that are not equivalent to materials
specified by Cobham SATCOM. Materials that are not equivalent can cause
damage to the equipment.
98-145510-A
Chapter 1: About this manual
1-2
Chapter 2
Introduction
2
This chapter has the following sections:
• EXPLORER 8100 system
• System components
2.1
EXPLORER 8100 system
2.1.1
Overview
The EXPLORER 8100 is a 1.0 m drive-away antenna system for vehicle roof mounting. It
comes in two versions: one designed for operation in the Ku-band and one for operation in
the Ka-band.
Reflector
RF assembly
Antenna
positioner
ACU with keypad
and display
Modem with LAN
ports (Example)
Figure 2-1: Major system components
The auto-deploy system allows personnel with minimal satellite experience to easily
configure and operate this terminal enabling the user to access any broadband application
over satellite.
The EXPLORER 8100 terminals are easy to install, set up, and commission by a nonspecialist technician. The system has the following system units:
1. One land based 2-axis semi-stabilized antenna for either Ku or Ka VSAT satellites.
2. One 1-Rack-Unit Antenna Control Unit (ACU) containing keypad and display and
LAN/WLAN ports for system access and internal communication.
98-145510-A
2-1
EXPLORER 8100 system
VSAT modem: Apart from the two units that make up the EXPLORER 8100, you need a
VSAT modem to provide the IP services on the RF link.
The following VSAT modems are supported for Ku-Band:
• iDirect OpenAMIP (iNFINITY/Evolution)
• iDirect Serial (iNFINITY/Evolution)
• Comtech CDM-570/625
• Gilat SkyEdge II
• STM SatLink 2900
Additional VSAT modems may also be supported using the “Generic VSAT Modem” setup in
the EXPLORER 8100.
For Ka-Band:
• Surfbeam II Pro
The antenna provides a stable RF link and the modem provides services on the RF link.
2.1.2
Satellite service
The EXPLORER 8100 operates in the Ku-band (10.7 to 14.5 GHz) or the Ka-band (19.2 to
30 GHz). Service capabilities are determined by the connected VSAT modem.
2.1.3
Service activation
The service is activated by your service provider. For details, contact your service provider.
98-145510-A
Chapter 2: Introduction
2-2
Description of the system components
2.2
Description of the system components
2.2.1
Antenna pedestal/positioner
Antenna pointing is achieved with a 2-axis semi-stabilized pedestal. The Azimuth drive
comprises a dual gear and belt drives, the Elevation drive a dual gear. Both drives have a
manual stow function. An emergency stop button is placed on the side of the antenna.
Emergency stop
Control box
Elevation drive
Azimuth drive
Manual stow access
Connectors
Figure 2-2: Antenna system components, part 1
98-145510-A
Chapter 2: Introduction
2-3
Description of the system components
Deployment of the antenna unfolds the Reflector- and Feed support structure. The Feed
position is controlled by 2 gas-springs, which are compressed when the antenna is in
stowed position. Internal cable-wraps are included in both drives, whereas the Feed and
GNSS connecting cables are exposed on the Feed Support Structure.
Reflector
GNSS module
Feed system
Base frame
Mounting brackets
Stow brackets with
rubber bumpers
Figure 2-3: Antenna system components, part 2
98-145510-A
Chapter 2: Introduction
2-4
Description of the system components
2.2.2
Reflector and RF assembly
RF assembly
(Ku-Band in
this example)
Figure 2-4: RF assembly
Ku-Band RF assembly
The Ku version features a distributed RF system with a Block Up Converter (BUC) placed in
the middle of the Feed support structure, connected to the Feed (Ortho Mode Transducer
(OMT)/Low Noise Blockdown converter (LNB)) via a Flexible Wave Guide (FWG). A motor
driven Polarizer is present.
Ku-Horn with Polarization drive
BUC
LNB
OMT
FWG
Figure 2-5: Components of the Ku-Band RF assembly
98-145510-A
Chapter 2: Introduction
2-5
Description of the system components
Ka-Band RF assembly
In the Ka Eutelsat/Viasat version, the components in the RF assembly are integrated in a
monolithic Transmit and Receive Integrated Assembly (eTRIA) unit, placed at the end of
the Feed arm.
eTRIA
Figure 2-6: Components of the Ka-Band RF assembly
2.2.3
Antenna Control Unit (ACU)
ACU
The ACU manages all communication between the antenna and the connected modem.
The ACU has status LEDs, a display and a keypad. It also provides a flexible configurable
LAN interface (DHCP client/server, static IP address etc.) and a built-in web interface for
configuration of the system.
Figure 2-7: ACU front panel
For details of the interfaces of the ACU, see Interfaces of the EXPLORER 8100 ACU on
page 4-1.
Figure 2-8: ACU connector panel
98-145510-A
Chapter 2: Introduction
2-6
Description of the system components
2.2.4
Keypad and display
Using the keypad and display on the ACU you can deploy, stow and stop the antenna,
including monitoring the system (warnings, errors and information). See Keypad and
display menus on page 6-17 for a full list of menus and details on how to use the display
and keypad.
The menus show how the system has been configured. You can also see events (warnings,
errors and information). Signal strength indication is rendered on the display as 7 blocks on
the main display.
Figure 2-9: Keypad and display (detailed, example)
The display has a two line menu system. The display also supports two status lines (Upper
and Lower) for compact satellite and antenna information. For a description of the LED light
indicators see LEDs on the keypad of the EXPLORER 8100 on page 7-8.
98-145510-A
Chapter 2: Introduction
2-7
Description of the system components
2.2.5
Web interface
The EXPLORER 8100 has a built-in web interface, which has two levels:
• Mobile web interface, used for basic operations and status. Accessed from a
smartphone or tablet.
• Computer web interface, used for configuration, line-up, troubleshooting, extended
status information etc. Accessed from a computer.
Mobile web interface
When you access the web interface from a smartphone or tablet you get access to the
mobile web interface, which offers the following basic operations and status:
• Deploy, Stow and Stop the antenna
• Activate satellite profile
• See status and events
• Access the full web interface
To access the mobile web interface, connect your smartphone or tablet to the WLAN
access point of the ACU. For information on WLAN setup see WLAN settings on page 6-11.
Then, in the browser of your smartphone or tablet, type in the IP address for the web
interface. By default the IP address is http://192.168.0.1.
Figure 2-10: Mobile web interface, for basic operation
98-145510-A
Chapter 2: Introduction
2-8
Description of the system components
Web interface for setup and troubleshooting
To fully configure the EXPLORER 8100, use a computer with a standard Internet browser to
access the built-in web interface.
The web interface is mainly used for calibration of the system, first-time setup of satellite
and modem profiles, setup of the LAN ports, WLAN use and administrating admin and guest
access rights. You can also deploy, stow and stop the antenna, and monitor the system
(warnings, errors and information) with the web interface. The web interface is also useful
when troubleshooting the EXPLORER 8100.
The web interface can be accessed using LAN or WLAN, if configured. see WLAN settings
on page 6-11. Note that you must use the LAN connection when you first configure the
WLAN interface.
To access the web interface, connect your computer to the LAN or WLAN interface and
enter the IP address for the web interface. The default IP address is http://192.168.0.1.
For details about further configuration and use, see Setup and operation on page 6-1.
Figure 2-11: Web interface, DASHBOARD (example, Ku-Band)
98-145510-A
Chapter 2: Introduction
2-9
Part numbers
2.2.6
LAN ports and WLAN
The ACU has five configurable LAN connectors (type RJ45). LAN 2, LAN 3 and LAN 5 are
switched, i.e. the configuration for LAN 5 also applies to LAN 2 and LAN 3.
The default configuration is as follows:
• LAN 1 is used for system control via the web interface.
If you want to use the front connector instead of LAN 1, connect a short LAN cable
between LAN 1 and LAN X (Front) in the connector panel. LAN X is internally connected
to the front LAN connector.
• LAN 5 is used to connect to the VSAT modem.
• LAN 4 is configured as a DHCP client.
The EXPLORER 8100 has a WLAN module. Access to one of the LAN ports using WLAN must
be set up in the web interface, see To configure the LAN network on page 6-8.
2.2.7
Power supply
The power input for the ACU and modem is specified as follows: 100-240 VAC, 4A,
50/60 Hz, using IEC320 connector. The antenna is powered by the ACU.
2.2.8
VSAT modem unit
EXPLORER 8100 is designed to be operated with third-party VSAT modems. For a list of
supported VSAT modems see VSAT modem unit on page 2-10.
2.3
Part numbers
The following part numbers are available for the EXPLORER 8100 system:
Part number
Description
407140A-00500
EXPLORER Antenna Control Unit
408147A-50210
EXPLORER 8100 Ku Band Antenna
408147B-50550
EXPLORER 8100 Ka Band Antenna
Table 2-1: Part numbers for the EXPLORER 8100 system
98-145510-A
Chapter 2: Introduction
2-10
Chapter 3
Installation
3
This chapter has the following sections:
• What’s in the box
• To install the EXPLORER 8100
3.1
What’s in the box
3.1.1
To unpack
Unpack the antenna, ACU and VSAT modem and check that the following items are
present:
• EXPLORER 8100 Ku Band antenna (part number 408147A-50210), or
EXPLORER 8100 Ka Band antenna (part number 408147B-50550)
• EXPLORER Antenna Control Unit (ACU) (part number 407140A-00500)
• AC Mains cable (with Euro wall plug)
• 2 x Ethernet cable (2 m)
• Cable bundle, antenna to ACU, 10 m.
• WLAN antenna
• Hand crank for manual operation
• 6 mounting brackets for antenna installation
• Quick guide
• Electronic User and installation manual (this manual, available from web interface)
3.1.2
Initial inspection
Inspect the cases immediately upon receipt for evidence of damage during transport. If the
shipping material is severely damaged or water stained, request that the carrier's agent be
present when opening the cases. Save all packing material for future use.
WARNING! To avoid electric shock, do not apply power to the system
if there is any sign of shipping damage to any part of the front or rear
panel or the outer cover. Read the safety summary at the front of this
manual before installing or operating the system.
98-145510-A
3-1
To install the EXPLORER 8100
After unpacking the system, inspect it thoroughly for hidden damage and loose
components or fittings. If the contents are incomplete, if there is mechanical damage or
defect, or if the system does not work properly, notify your dealer.
3.2
To install the EXPLORER 8100
3.2.1
Prerequisites
Vehicle
The antenna is intended for installation on a vehicle, taking advantage of the vehicle’s
suspension system during transport. Inadequate or no suspension, e.g. trailer mount, will
require special measures - contact your dealer or factory before such installation.
Make sure the vehicle and roof rails are approved to carry the weight of the antenna. See
Weights and measures on page A-3.
Magnetic material
When you install the antenna, make sure there are no large amounts of magnetic steel close
to the antenna, as this could interfere with the magnetometer and affect the precision of
the system. If in doubt, make a test setup prior to final manufacture of the supporting
structure.
Line of sight
The antenna should be installed in such a way that no objects on the vehicle can block the
line of sight from the antenna in any direction. Also observe the stay-clear area shown in
page v.
3.2.2
Installation of the antenna on the vehicle
To install the antenna to the transport vehicle do as follows:
1. Ensure the rear of the antenna positioner faces towards the front of the vehicle.
This side towards the
front of the vehicle
Figure 3-1: Position of the antenna (stowed) on the vehicle
98-145510-A
Chapter 3: Installation
3-2
To install the EXPLORER 8100
2. Safely and securely install the antenna's mounting pallet to the roof of the vehicle.
You can mount the antenna on a roof-rack (Thule-bars) or flush mounted on a custom
made structure/enhancement of the vehicle roof or bed. For optimum servo performance,
resilience to wind loads and vehicle movements, the azimuth base should be stiffly
supported.
The mounting frame of the antenna has lengthwise adjustable brackets to accommodate
different placements of the supports. The U-bar's are omitted in case of a Flush-mount.
Figure 3-2: Antenna mounting brackets
Roof-rack mount
We recommend a 3-bar solution over a 2-bar solution whenever possible. Adhere to the
load limits of the roof-rack manufacturer and use sturdy, professional grade racks.
Custom made structure
Custom structures should likewise focus on supporting the azimuth base.
Avoid large amounts of magnetic steel close to the control box - it could adversely affect
the magnetometer.
For measures for antenna installation, see Measures for antenna installation on page A-6.
If in doubt, make a test setup prior to final manufacture of the supporting structure.
See also Weights and measures on page A-3 and Antenna dimensions on page A-4.
3.2.3
Installation of the ACU
To install the ACU, do as follows:
1. If you are going to use WLAN, connect the WLAN antenna to the connector marked
WLAN in the ACU connector panel. The WLAN antenna is part of the accessories
supplied with the EXPLORER 8100 system.
98-145510-A
Chapter 3: Installation
3-3
To install the EXPLORER 8100
CAUTION! Turn the WLAN antenna into horizontal position before
sliding the unit into the rack. The WLAN antenna may be damaged if it is
placed in a vertical position.
Figure 3-3: ACU connector panel with WLAN antenna
2. If you are going to use the front LAN connector, connect the enclosed patch cable
between LAN1 and LANX (Front).
3. Slide the ACU into a 1U space in a 19” rack.
4. Mount the screws on each side through the holes in the front and fasten the screws to
the rack. Make sure that the unit is mounted securely according to the requirements for
your 19” rack.
Figure 3-4: ACU installation
3.2.4
Installation of the VSAT modem
For a list of supported VSAT modems see VSAT modem unit on page 2-10.
1. Mount the VSAT modem close to the ACU, preferably at a distance less than 1 m.
2. Connect all cables. See VSAT modem settings on page C-1 for a description of the
connectors for supported VSAT modems. For cable specifications see VSAT modem
cables on page B-1.
3.2.5
To connect the ACU, VSAT modem and antenna pedestal
The connections to be made depend on the EXPLORER 8100 system (Ku or Ka) and the
VSAT modem used. The drawings below show an overview of connections in an
EXPLORER 8100 Ku system and an EXPLORER 8100 Ka system.
• For details on how to connect the modem, see VSAT modem settings on page C-1.
• For details on the interfaces, see Interfaces on page 4-1.
98-145510-A
Chapter 3: Installation
3-4
To install the EXPLORER 8100
Ku-Band, connections
96$7PRGHP
/$1
7;2XW
6HULDO
56
5;,Q
6HULDO
56
3RZHULQSXW
$&8
/$1
6HUYLFHSRUW
/$1«/$1
/1%
5[
2'8
&RPP
%8&
7[
2'8
3RZHU
FRPP
%8&
3RZHU
FRPP
$QWHQQDSHGHVWDOEXONKHDG
Figure 3-5: Ku-Band: Connection between antenna, ACU and VSAT modem
Connect the cables as described below:
Note
The cables 6, 7, 8 and 13 are delivered as a cable bundle.
1. If you are using LAN to connect the VSAT modem to the system, connect any LAN port
on the VSAT modem to the LAN 5 control port on the ACU.
2. Connect the VSAT modem's Tx Out port to the ACU's Tx In port.
3. Connect the VSAT modem's Rx In port to the ACU's Rx Out port.
4. If applicable, connect the VSAT modem's RS-232 port to the ACU’s RS-232 port.
5. If applicable, connect the VSAT modem's RS-422 port to the ACU's RS-422 port.
6. Connect the LNB Rx port on the pedestal bulkhead to the ACU’s LNB Rx port.
7. Connect the BUC Tx port on the pedestal bulkhead to the ACU's BUC Tx port.
8. Connect the ODU Power & comm. port on the pedestal bulkhead to the ACU's ODU
Power & comm. port.
9. Connect the ACU to an AC power source (Standard IEC320 on ACU).
10.Connect the VSAT modem to an AC power source.
11.Use LAN1 to access the web interface.
12.For LAN2, LAN3 and LAN4, see To configure the LAN network on page 6-9.
98-145510-A
Chapter 3: Installation
3-5
To install the EXPLORER 8100
Ka-Band, connections
9LDVDW6XUIEHDP,,PRGHP
/$1
3RZHULQSXW
5;7;5)
)WR60$
DGDSWHU
5RXWHU
/1%
5[
2'8
&RPP
%8&
7[
2'8
3RZHU
FRPP
%8&
3RZHU
FRPP
$QWHQQDSHGHVWDOEXONKHDG
$&8
/$1«/$1
/$1
6HUYLFHSRUW
Figure 3-6: Ka-Band: Connection between antenna, ACU and VSAT modem
Connect the cables as described below:
Note
The cables 2, 3, 4 and 5 are delivered as a cable bundle.
1. Connect the LAN port on the VSAT modem to a router connected to the LAN 5 control
port on the ACU.
2. Connect the RX/TX RF connector on the VSAT modem to the LNB RX connector on
the antenna, using the F-to-SMA adapter included in the delivery.
3. Connect the ODU Comm. connector on the antenna to the ODU Comm. connector
on the ACU.
4. Connect the BUC TX connector on the antenna to the BUC TX connector on the ACU
(this connection is not used for the Ka-Band version, but is part of the cable bundle).
5. Connect the ODU Power & comm. connector on the antenna to the ODU Power &
comm. connector on the ACU.
6. Connect the ACU to an AC power source (Standard IEC320 on ACU).
7. Connect the VSAT modem to a suitable power source.
8. Use LAN1 to access the web interface.
9. For LAN2, LAN3 and LAN4, see To configure the LAN network on page 6-9.
98-145510-A
Chapter 3: Installation
3-6
Chapter 4
Interfaces
4
This chapter is organized in the following sections:
• Interfaces of the EXPLORER 8100 ACU
• Interfaces of the EXPLORER 8100 antenna
• Interfaces of the VSAT modem
4.1
Interfaces of the EXPLORER 8100 ACU
4.1.1
WLAN interface
The EXPLORER 8100 ACU has a WLAN interface for wireless access to the system. To be
able to use the WLAN interface, you must first set it up in the web interface, from a
computer connected to the front LAN connector or LAN 1 in the connector panel of the
ACU. For details, see To configure the LAN network on page 6-9 and WLAN settings on
page 6-11.
4.1.2
LEDs, display and keypad
Figure 4-1: ACU front
0DLQ1$9*+/$1±
75$&.,1*
6$7:5;/+7;0$5
Figure 4-2: ACU display and keypad and LEDs
98-145510-A
4-1
Interfaces of the EXPLORER 8100 ACU
4.1.3
ACU Connector panel — overview
Figure 4-3: ACU rack version, connector panel overview
The connector LAN on the front panel is internally connected to the LAN X connector in
the connector panel. Typically you connect LAN X to the service port at LAN 1 with a
straight Ethernet cable. Then you can access the service port from the front of the ACU.
4.1.4
AC Input connector
Provide AC power to the ACU from a standard 100-240 VAC supply using the cable
included in the delivery. First find a suitable connector for your AC Mains supply and mount
it on the cable according to the table below.
The AC connector on the ACU is an IEC320 connector for universal AC power input.
Outline
(on the ACU)
L
E
N
Pin function
Wire color
Live (L)
Brown
Neutral (N)
Blue
Earth (E)
Green/Yellow
Table 4-1: AC Input connector, pin assignment
98-145510-A
Chapter 4: Interfaces
4-2
Interfaces of the EXPLORER 8100 ACU
4.1.5
Connectors for antenna connection
A cable bundle with all necessary cables between antenna and ACU is delivered with the
system. There are 5 connectors on the ACU for connection to the antenna:
• BUC TX: N-connector for signal and power to the BUC (max. 432 W)
• LNB RX: SMA-connector for signal from the LNB to the ACU and power to the LNB
• ODU Power & comm: Circular connector for antenna power (ODU power) and stow
signal.
Outline
(on the ACU)
Pin
Pin function
P1
ODU Power RTN
P2
ODU Power +48V
P3
NC
P4
NC
P5
GND
P6
NC
P7
NC
P8
NC
P9
NC
P10
NC
P11
GND
P12
Stow
Table 4-2: Circular connector, ODU Power & comm, outline and pin assignment
• BUC Power & Comm.: Circular connector. For future use.
• ODU Comm: SMA connector used for Housekeeping communication between the ACU
and the antenna.
4.1.6
Rx/Tx connectors for VSAT modem
RX Out and TX In are F-connectors for connection to the Rx and Tx channels of the VSAT
modem.
98-145510-A
Chapter 4: Interfaces
4-3
Interfaces of the EXPLORER 8100 ACU
Outline
(on the ACU)
Pin
number
Pin function
1
Inner conductor:
10 MHz clock, VSAT Rx/Tx
2
Outer conductor: GND (Shield)
Table 4-3: F connector, Rx and Tx, outline and pin assignment
For step-by-step guidelines how to set up the VSAT modem see VSAT modem settings on
page C-1.
4.1.7
RS-232 and RS-422 connectors for VSAT modem
Use these connectors to connect the ACU to the VSAT modems with serial interfaces. See
Appendix C, VSAT modem settings.
RS-232
Outline (on the ACU)
1
5
6
9
Pin
Pin function
1
Not connected
2
RXD
3
TXD
4
DTR
5
Ground
6
DSR
7
RTS
8
CTS
9
Receive Signal Strength Indicator
Table 4-4: RS-232 connector, male, outline and pin assignment
98-145510-A
Chapter 4: Interfaces
4-4
Interfaces of the EXPLORER 8100 ACU
RS-422
Outline (on the ACU)
1
5
6
9
Pin
Pin function
1
Ground
2
Line A RXD (+)
3
Line B TXD (-)
4
Ground
5
Ground
6
Not connected
7
Line A RXD (-)
8
Line B TXD (+)
9
Not connected
Table 4-5: RS-422 connector, male, outline and pin assignment
98-145510-A
Chapter 4: Interfaces
4-5
Interfaces of the EXPLORER 8100 ACU
4.1.8
LAN connectors
The LAN connectors on the ACU are used for system setup and for connection to the VSAT
modem.
Note
These connectors are normally only for communication with the EXPLORER 8100
system, not for connection to the Internet. For Internet connection, connect to
your VSAT modem.
The maximum cable length per connection is 100 m. Depending on the VSAT modem
connected, a LAN connector may be used for modem control.
Important
The EXPLORER 8100 system is not designed to be connected directly to the
Internet. It must be located behind a dedicated network security device such
as a fire wall.
You should change the default passwords as anyone with access and
malicious intent can render the EXPLORER 8100 inoperable.
0RGHP
6HUYLFHSRUW
/$1
/$1
6ZLWFKHGZLWK/$1
0RGHP
/$1
'+&3FOLHQW
&RQQHFWHGWR
/$1RQIURQW
/$1
/$1;
)URQW
/$1
Figure 4-4: LAN connectors (default setup)
Cable type: CAT5, shielded.
For information how to configure the LAN network see To configure the LAN network on
page 6-9.
Outline
Pin
Pin function
Wire color
1
Tx+
White/orange
2
Tx-
Orange
3
Rx+
White/green
4
Not connected Blue
5
Not connected White/blue
6
Rx-
7
Not connected White/brown
8
Not connected Brown
Green
Table 4-6: Ethernet connector, outline and pin assignment
98-145510-A
Chapter 4: Interfaces
4-6
Interfaces of the EXPLORER 8100 ACU
4.1.9
User I/O
The User I/O connector is an 8-pin circular connector for user inputs and outputs, such as
muting the antenna or signalling Rx lock.
A short cable with a mating connector is available from Cobham SATCOM.
Pinout and functions
8
1
7
2
6
3
5
4
Figure 4-5: User I/O connector, pinout
Pin Pin function Acronym Direction
Type
Description
Wire colora
1
ACU Chassis GND
common -
-
Black
2
RX Lock
output
12 or 24 V
logic
High when RX
locked
Brown
3
Stow switch STW
output
Switch in
antenna
Connected to GND Orange
(closed) when
antenna stowed,
otherwise open
4
TX Mute
TXM
input
3-32 V logic
Antenna muted
when high
Yellow
5
IF9 Aux
AUX0
input
3-32 V logic
Spare input
Green
6
IF29 Aux1
AUX1
input
3-32 V logic
Spare input
Blue
7
IF29 Aux2a
AUX2A
input or
output
3-32 V logic Spare input/output Violet
or open drain
8
IF29 Aux2b AUX2B
input or
output
3-32 V logic Spare input/output White
or open drain
RXL
Table 4-7: User I/O connector, Pin assignment, functions and wire color
a. The wire colors apply to the corresponding I/O cable available from Cobham SATCOM.
For specifications, see the next section.
98-145510-A
Chapter 4: Interfaces
4-7
Interfaces of the EXPLORER 8100 ACU
Electrical specifications
Pin
2
3
Acronym
RXL
STW
Parameter
Specification
RXL H voltage
12 or 24 V software selectable
RXL L voltage
0V
RXL H source current
20 mA for a LED or a sensitive relay
RXL L sink current
0 mA
Protection
ESD and overcurrent
Switch voltage, max.
48 Vpeak
Switch current, max.
2 A (resistive load)
4
TXM
Input H voltage
> 1.0 V input ref. to GND
5
AUX0
Input L voltage
< 0.4 V input ref. to GND
6
AUX1
7
AUX2a (input)
Input H sink current
< 0.5 mA @ 3.3 V, < 5.0 mA @ 32 V
8
AUX2b (input)
Input L source current
< 0.5 mA
Input allowed voltage range 32 V ref. to GND
Input Protection
7
AUX2a (output) Output H voltage
8
AUX2b (output)
ESD
48 Vpeak, 15 KOhm internal pull up to
5.7 V
On resistance
< 1 Ohm @ 200 mA
Sink current
450 mA max. continuous
Switch time
< 8 μs
Output protection
ESD
Overvoltage & overcurrent
Table 4-8: User I/O connector, electrical specifications
98-145510-A
Chapter 4: Interfaces
4-8
Interfaces of the EXPLORER 8100 antenna
4.2
Interfaces of the EXPLORER 8100 antenna
4.2.1
VSAT air interface
The antenna operates in the Ku-band (10.7 to 14.5 GHz) or the Ka-band (19.2 to 30 GHz).
Service capabilities are determined by the connected VSAT modem.
4.2.2
GNSS air interface
The EXPLORER 8100 antenna has a GNSS receiver for positioning input from the
Positioning system.
4.2.3
Earth magnetic field interface (electronic compass)
The EXPLORER 8100 has an electronic compass to support the pointing process. You must
calibrate the compass when you install the antenna. see Compass calibration on page 6-3.
4.2.4
Connectors on the antenna
LNB Rx
ODU Comm
BUC Tx
ODU Power
& Comm
BUC Power
& Comm
Figure 4-6: Connectors on antenna
A cable bundle with all necessary cables between antenna and ACU is delivered with the
system. There are 5 connectors on the antenna for connection to the ACU:
• LNB Rx: SMA connector with signal from the LNB to the ACU and power to the LNB
• ODU Comm: SMA connector used for Housekeeping communication between the ACU
and the antenna.
• BUC Tx: N-connector for signal and power from the ACU to the BUC (max. 432 W)
• ODU Power & Comm: Circular connector for antenna power (ODU power) and
information of the antenna to the ACU. For pinout see Connectors for antenna
connection on page 4-3.
• BUC Power & Comm: For future use.
98-145510-A
Chapter 4: Interfaces
4-9
Interfaces of the VSAT modem
4.2.5
Emergency stop button
The antenna has a emergency stop button for service purposes or emergency stop. In
normal operation the switch is on. When you switch it off (push the button) it stops and
brakes the DC Motors and turns the BUC off.
To stop the antenna, push in the red emergency stop button at the back of the
antenna dish.
Figure 4-7: Emergency stop button
Important
If you want to manually stow the antenna, it is not enough to stop the
antenna. You must remove power from the system to be able to stow
manually. For details on how to manually stow the antenna, see To stow and
deploy the antenna manually on page 7-9.
To release the emergency stop, turn the emergency stop button and move
away from the antenna. The antenna restarts.
4.3
Interfaces of the VSAT modem
For interfaces of the VSAT modem and how to connect a VSAT modem correctly to the
ACU, see the user documentation of the VSAT modem. For step-by-step guidelines how to
set up the VSAT modem see Appendix C, VSAT modem settings.
98-145510-A
Chapter 4: Interfaces
4-10
Chapter 5
Initial setup and basic functions
5
This chapter describes the initial setup and basic functions of the EXPLORER 8100.
For information on configuration with the web interface and how to use the display and
keypad, see Setup and operation on page 6-1.
This chapter has the following sections:
• To drive with the antenna installed
• Initial setup
• Start up and basic functions
5.1
To drive with the antenna installed
The antenna must be stowed when you drive the vehicle. The maximum speed depends on
your installation, but it must never exceed 130 km/h.
WARNING! Incorrect installation of the antenna may cause the antenna to
fall off the vehicle or stress the mounting base. Thrane & Thrane A/S assumes
no liability for any damage caused by the antenna falling off the vehicle or
stressing the mounting base. It is the responsibility of the customer to ensure a
safe and correct installation of the antenna. The instructions in the Installation
manual are only guidelines.
5.2
Prerequisites
5.2.1
Location for transmission
Line of sight
Make sure the vehicle with the EXPLORER 8100 is parked where there is free view to as
much of the sky as possible.
Space for antenna movement
Make sure the vehicle is parked in a place where the antenna can move freely in all
directions, according to the Stay clear area shown in Figure 2 on page page vi.
Avoid magnetizable material
Make sure the vehicle with the EXPLORER 8100 is not parked close to large areas of
magnetizable material, as this could interfere with the precision of the system.
98-145510-A
5-1
Initial setup
5.2.2
Wind speed considerations
The EXPLORER 8100 antenna is designed to operate under wind speeds of 48 km/h (30
mph) gusting up to 72 km/h (45 mph) while anchored and deployed and survive winds of
100 km/h (62 mph) gusting up to 120 km/h (75 mph) while anchored and deployed. Note
that the antenna may point away from the satellite in winds blowing faster than the
operational wind speed limit.
Important
5.3
Do not operate the terminal at wind speeds exceeding the operational wind
speeds. In case the wind speeds exceed the operational wind speed limit
while the antenna is already assembled or operational, bring the antenna to
the stow position. In case the wind speeds exceed the survival wind speed
limit while the antenna is already assembled or operational, and you cannot
stow the antenna with the electronic stow function, bring the antenna
manually back to the stow position. See To stow and deploy the antenna
manually on page 7-9.
Initial setup
After you have installed and connected antenna, ACU and modem, you must make some
initial configuration in the web interface before you can use the system. Go through the
following steps to set up your EXPLORER 8100:
1. Make a Compass calibration. See Compass calibration on page 6-13.
2. Ku-band version only: Make a Tx/cable calibration. See Ku-Band version only:
Tx/Cable calibration on page 6-15.
3. Create satellite profiles and modem profiles. See Satellite profiles on page 6-7 and VSAT
modem profiles on page 6-6.
4. If you want to control the system using a WLAN connection, you must first set up the
use of WLAN in the ACU. See To configure the LAN network on page 6-9 and WLAN
settings on page 6-11.
After calibration and creation of satellite profiles and modem profiles you can deploy the
antenna as described in the next section.
98-145510-A
Chapter 5: Initial setup and basic functions
5-2
Start up and basic functions
5.4
Start up and basic functions
Important
First time after installation or service, you must calibrate the EXPLORER 8100
and configure satellite and modem profiles as described in the previous
section.
After power on you must deploy the antenna. During commissioning you might need to
manually jog the antenna. How to do this is described in the following sections. Once you
have finished the transmission you must stow the antenna again.
WARNING! Be aware of pinch points while the antenna is being
positioned, deployed or stowed.
You must stow the antenna before moving the vehicle.
1. Switch on the ACU and the VSAT modem. The ACU starts up and goes through an
initialization procedure.
2. Wait until the Power LED and the Fail/Pass LED light steady green and the display shows
Not ready.
To deploy and stow the antenna you can use the keypad and display on the ACU, a
smartphone or tablet, or a PC and the built-in web interface.
5.4.1
To deploy the antenna
Note
It may take some time after the antenna is deployed before the modem is ready
to start the acquisition procedure. If this time exceeds the time-out limit, you will
have to manually approve when the system is ready to continue. This is for safety
reasons, in order to avoid sudden unexpected movements of the antenna.
To deploy the antenna using the keypad and display
1. Shortcut: Press and hold  for 2 seconds.
To learn how to use the keypad see Keypad and display menus on page 6-17.
You can also deploy the antenna using the display menu system
2. Wait until the ACU display shows ACQUISITION OK.
You may have to press OK on the keypad to allow the acquisition procedure, see note
above.
3. Check that your modem is ready. The indications may differ depending on the modem
type, refer to the documentation for your modem.
When the modem is ready, you can use it to connect to the Internet via the VSAT satellite
system.
To deploy the antenna using the mobile web interface
1. Connect your smartphone or tablet to the WLAN access point of the ACU. For
information on WLAN setup, see WLAN settings on page 6-11.
98-145510-A
Chapter 5: Initial setup and basic functions
5-3
Start up and basic functions
2. In the browser of your smartphone or tablet, type in the IP address for the web
interface. By default the IP address is http://192.168.0.1.
3. Tap Deploy.
4. Check the status in the web interface. You may have to confirm before the acquisition
procedure can start, if too much time has passed after the deployment of the antenna.
5. Wait until the system status shows Acquisition OK.
6. Check that your modem is ready. The indications may differ depending on the modem
type, refer to the documentation for your modem.
When the modem is ready, you can use it to connect to the Internet via the VSAT satellite
system.
To deploy the antenna using the web interface
1. Connect a PC to the LAN1 or front LAN connector at the ACU.
You may also use WLAN, if it is configured.
2. Open an Internet browser and type the IP address (default http://192.168.0.1).
3. At the top, click the button Deploy.
Figure 5-1: To deploy the antenna using the web interface
4. Check the status in the web interface. You may have to confirm before the acquisition
procedure can start, if too much time has passed after the deployment of the antenna.
5. Wait until the system status shows Acquisition OK.
6. Check that your modem is ready. The indications may differ depending on the modem
type, refer to the documentation for your modem.
When the modem is ready, you can use it to connect to the Internet via the VSAT satellite
system.
5.4.2
To stop the antenna
You can stop the antenna immediately, e.g. if some object is interfering with the movement
of the antenna, or in emergency situations where you cannot access the stop button.
WARNING! This is not the same function as the emergency stop button! In
emergency situations, use the stop button if possible. The stop button
switches off the motors, whereas the electronic stop function just stops the
movement.
98-145510-A
Chapter 5: Initial setup and basic functions
5-4
Start up and basic functions
To stop the antenna using the display and keypad
To learn how to use the keypad see Keypad and display menus on page 6-17.
1. Press OK to scroll to the COMMAND page and press OK again to access the page.
2. Press and  until STOP is selected, and press OK.
3. Check that the status shows STOPPED.
To stop the antenna using the mobile web interface
1. Connect your smartphone or tablet to the WLAN access point of the ACU. For
information on WLAN setup, see WLAN settings on page 6-11.
2. In the browser of your smartphone or tablet, type in the IP address for the web
interface. By default the IP address is http://192.168.0.1.
3. Tap Stop.
4. Check that the status shows Stopped.
To stop the antenna using the web interface
1. Connect a PC to the LAN1 or front LAN connector at the ACU.
You may also use WLAN, if it is configured.
2. Open an Internet browser and type the IP address (default http://192.168.0.1).
3. At the top, click the button Stop.
Figure 5-2: To stop the antenna using the web interface
4. Check that the status shows Stopped.
5.4.3
To stow the antenna
The antenna must be set into the stow position before moving the vehicle.
WARNING! Be aware of pinch points while the antenna is being positioned,
deployed or stowed.
Note
98-145510-A
You can stow the antenna manually, if for some reason the system is inoperable
(loss of power or similar). For details, see To stow and deploy the antenna
manually on page 7-9.
Chapter 5: Initial setup and basic functions
5-5
Start up and basic functions
To stow the antenna using the keypad and display
Shortcut: Press and hold  for 2 seconds.
To learn how to use the keypad see Keypad and display menus on page 6-17.
To stow the antenna using the display menu system, do as follows:
1. Press OK to scroll to the COMMAND page and press OK again to access the page.
2. Press and  until STOW is selected, and press OK.
3. Check that the status shows STOWED.
To stow the antenna using mobile web interface
1. Connect your smartphone or tablet to the WLAN access point of the ACU. For
information on WLAN setup, see WLAN settings on page 6-11.
2. In the browser of your smartphone or tablet, type in the IP address for the web
interface. By default the IP address is http://192.168.0.1.
3. Tap Stow.
4. Check that the status shows Stowed.
To stow the antenna using the web interface
1. Connect a PC to the LAN1 connector.
2. Open an Internet browser and type the default IP address: http://192.168.0.1.
3. At the top of the page, click the button Stow.
Figure 5-3: To stow the antenna using the web interface
4. Check that the status shows Stowed.
98-145510-A
Chapter 5: Initial setup and basic functions
5-6
Chapter 6
Setup and operation
6
This chapter has the following sections:
• The web interface
• Configuration web interface
• Keypad and display menus
6.1
The web interface
The EXPLORER 8100 has a built-in web interface, which has two levels:
• Mobile web interface, used for basic operations and status. Accessed from a
smartphone or tablet.
• Computer web interface, used for configuration, line-up, troubleshooting, extended
status information etc. Accessed from a computer.
6.1.1
Mobile web interface
When you access the web interface from a smartphone or tablet you get access to the
mobile web interface, which offers the following basic operations and status:
• Deploy, stow and stop the antenna
• Activate satellite profile
• See status and events
• Access the configuration web interface
To access the mobile web interface of the ACU
1. Power up the EXPLORER 8100 system, i.e. switch on the ACU. Wait until the LEDs on the
front plate of the ACU show that the system is ready to be accessed.
• Power LED: Green
• Fail/Pass LED: Steady green.
2. Connect your smartphone or tablet to the WLAN of the EXPLORER 8100. For details on
WLAN setup. see WLAN settings on page 6-11.
3. Open your Internet browser and enter the IP address of the ACU. The default IP address
is http://192.168.0.1.
98-145510-A
6-1
The web interface
The mobile web interface opens.
The deploy, stow and stop functions are
described in Start up and basic
functions on page 5-3.
Figure 6-1: Mobile web interface, main screen
To access the menu, tap the ikon in the top right corner
Status shows information such as
system status, host name, position,
heading, selected satellite profile,
modem etc.
Satellites lets you select which satellite
to activate, see the next section.
Eventlist shows a list of currently active
events (if any).
Figure 6-2: Mobile web interface, menu
To select and activate a satellite profile
1. From the menu, select Satellites.
2. Select the satellite profile you want to activate.
3. Tap Activate.
98-145510-A
Chapter 6: Setup and operation
6-2
The web interface
6.1.2
Configuration web interface
Use the built-in web interface of the EXPLORER 8100 ACU to make a full configuration of
the EXPLORER 8100 with the correct VSAT modem, the satellite positions you intend to use
and other parameters. You can use a standard Internet browser.
To access the full web interface
To access the web interface of the ACU do as follows:
1. Power up the EXPLORER 8100 system, i.e. switch on the ACU. Wait until the LEDs on the
front plate of the ACU show that the system is ready to be accessed.
• Power LED: Green
• Fail/Pass LED: Steady green.
2. Connect a PC to LAN interface 1 (Service port, standard Ethernet) of the ACU or to the
front LAN connector of the ACU. You can also connect to the WLAN interface if
configured.
3. Open your Internet browser and enter the IP address of the ACU. The default IP address
is http://192.168.0.1.
4. By default, the web interface shows the DASHBOARD page. However, you can set up a
password protection, so that you have to log in before you can get access to the web
interface. See User permissions (guest login) on page 6-18.
Figure 6-3: EXPLORER 8100 Dashboard (example, Ku-Band)
When the Dashboard (or the Guest login page) is displayed, you know that the connection
to the EXPLORER 8100 can be established. The web interface is ready for use. You can
continue to configure the system.
98-145510-A
Chapter 6: Setup and operation
6-3
The web interface
If you cannot establish a connection there might be problems with the Proxy server
settings of your PC (“Use proxy server” must be disabled in your PC).
If you want to use another LAN port you must configure it according to your network
requirements. For information how to configure the LAN connectors To configure the LAN
network on page 6-9.
Information and controls in the top bar of the web interface
The top bar, which is independent of the selected page, shows the signal strength, the
deployed status, the system status, and, if an event is active, a warning icon.
The buttons Deploy, Stow and Stop are also available from the top bar. For details on
these functions, see Start up and basic functions on page 5-3.
Signal strength
Buttons for antenna actions
Deployed status
System status
Figure 6-4: Top bar in Dashboard
Examples of system status:
• Antenna software upload
• Antenna POST (Power-On Self Test)
• Ready (waiting for data from the modem or no satellite profile selected)
• Deployed idle (antenna ready)
• Acquisition ok (signal from the satellite acquired)
• Safe mode (error, followed by an error description)
• <active event message>
98-145510-A
Chapter 6: Setup and operation
6-4
The web interface
Information fields on the Dashboard
DASHBOARD
Description
Position
Current position, reported by the GNSS module
Heading
Orientation of the mounting base relative to estimated North.
Satellite profile
Name of the currently active satellite profile.
Satellite position
Position of the satellite selected in Satellite profile.
RX polarization
Horizontal, Vertical, Left-hand or Right-hand
TX polarization
Horizontal, Vertical, Left-hand or Right-hand
RX RF frequency
Receiving frequency
LNB LO frequency
The LNB Local Oscillator frequency
TX RF frequency
Transmitting frequency
BUC LO frequency
The BUC Local Oscillator frequency
Tracking RF frequency
Current RF tracking frequency
ACU part name, Antenna Part names, serial numbers for ACU and antenna, software
part name, ACU serial
version of the EXPLORER 8100.
number, Antenna serial
number, Software
version
POINTING
Description
Current Azimuth
Current value for azimuth.
Current Elevation
Current value for elevation.
Polarization skew
Current value for polarization skew.
VSAT MODEM
Description
Model
VSAT modem name, entered in SETTINGS > VSAT modem
profiles.
RX locked status
Shows whether or not the system has locked to the incoming
signal.
Signal level
Current input signal level from VSAT modem.
iDirect openAMIP modem: (PWR) 0-500, delivered by the
connected modem. For values <250 the antenna searches after a
new signal.
Other modem: Signal level in dB.
RX IF frequency
RX IF frequency read from the VSAT modem
TX IF frequency
TX IF frequency read from the VSAT modem
Table 6-1: DASHBOARD information fields
98-145510-A
Chapter 6: Setup and operation
6-5
The web interface
TX allowed
On or Off. Indicates if the VSAT modem supplies the 10 MHz
reference signal on its TX connector (On) and if an iDirect
OpenAMIP modem indicates modem Locked and Tx ON in the
OpenAMIP message L (L 1 1).
TX
Description
BUC TX
On or Off. Shows if the EXPLORER 8100 has enabled the BUC or
not. It is the same TX ON/TX OFF as shown in the display of the
ACU, see Keypad and display menus on page 6-21.
BUC output power
Shows whether or not the BUC is transmitting and the power
level. At the P1dB compression point 4 bars are filled.
Table 6-1: DASHBOARD information fields
6.1.3
VSAT modem profiles
A VSAT modem profile contains all VSAT modem settings that are necessary for a
successful connection to the satellite. The data you have to fill in are provided by your
VSAT service and modem provider. You must add at least one VSAT modem profile.
Figure 6-5: Web interface: SETTINGS, VSAT modem profiles — list (example)
VSAT modem profile – New entry and Edit
On the page VSAT modem profiles you create, edit or delete VSAT modem profiles.
To add or edit a VSAT modem profile, do as follows:
1. Select SETTINGS > VSAT modem profiles and click New entry or Edit.
Figure 6-6: Web interface: SETTINGS, VSAT modem profile – supported modems (Ku-Band)
98-145510-A
Chapter 6: Setup and operation
6-6
The web interface
Note
For the Ka-Band system there is currently only one modem, the Surfbeam II
modem.
2. Fill in a VSAT modem profile name of your own choice.
3. Select one of the supported VSAT modems from the drop down list. Once you have
selected a VSAT modem, entry fields required for this VSAT modem are displayed.
Generic modem: If you have a modem that is not included in the list, select the
generic modem.
Service modem: This is mainly used for troubleshooting purposes.
4. Fill in or edit the data provided by your VSAT service provider.
Enter the passwords, if needed.
Select the VSAT modem baud rate and whether you want to use the 10 MHz reference
from the ACU or the VSAT modem.
Important
The EXPLORER 8100 can work either using the Rx or Tx 10 MHz reference
signals provided by the modem or using its own built-in 10 MHz reference.
It is recommended to use the Tx 10 MHz reference signal from the modem.
For OpenAMIP IP address: Make sure that you have entered this IP address also for
the LAN connector that is used for the OpenAMIP modem, see To configure the LAN
network on page 6-9.
5. Click Apply to add the new profile to the list of VSAT modem profiles or to accept the
edits.
6.1.4
Satellite profiles
On the page Satellite profiles you add, edit, delete and activate satellite profiles. A
satellite profile contains all settings that are necessary for a successful connection to the
satellite, including a VSAT modem profile. Most of the data you have to fill in are provided
by your VSAT service provider.
You must activate one satellite profile.
To activate a satellite profile, click Activate next to the profile name.
Note
You must add at least one VSAT modem profile before you can add a satellite
profile. See VSAT modem profile – New entry and Edit on page 6-6.
Satellite profiles – New entry and Edit
Note
You cannot edit nor delete an active profile. Make sure the profile is not active
before you edit or delete it.
1. Select SETTINGS or Satellite profiles.
2. Click Edit or New entry.
98-145510-A
Chapter 6: Setup and operation
6-7
The web interface
Figure 6-7: Web interface: SETTINGS - list of satellite profiles (example)
Each satellite profile has one assigned VSAT modem profile. The parameters vary
depending on the selected modem profile.
For a generic modem you enter all parameters in the satellite profile.
Figure 6-8: Satellite profile for generic modem
3. Enter or edit the Satellite profile name.
Note
It is helpful to assign a name containing the location where the Satellite profile
is to be used (e.g. Gulf of Mexico or North Sea) and possibly the provider.
4. Select a VSAT modem profile. The page automatically displays the parameters available
for the selected VSAT modem profile.
For instruction how to add a VSAT modem profile see VSAT modem profile – New entry
and Edit on page 6-6.
5. Enter the data for the satellite that you want to use. For satellite data see DVB-S
satellites for Ku-Band on page E-1 or www.lyngsat.com.
6. Polarization skew: See documents from VSAT provider.
98-145510-A
Chapter 6: Setup and operation
6-8
The web interface
7. At Elevation cutoff enter the minimum elevation angle for the antenna to function.
According to FCC (FCC §25.205) regulations the Elevation cutoff must be minimum 5
degrees.
8. Click Apply to save the settings for the satellite profile.
6.1.5
To configure the LAN network
On this page you can set up the LAN network and enter a host name. The host name helps
identifying the EXPLORER 8100 system.
Important
The EXPLORER 8100 system is not designed to be connected directly to the
Internet. It must be located behind a dedicated network security device such
as a fire wall.
You should change the default passwords as anyone with access and
malicious intent can render the EXPLORER 8100 inoperable.
To configure the LAN network, do as follows:
1. Select SETTINGS > Network.
2. Make the necessary changes on this page and click Apply.
For available options for the network configuration, see Table 6-2 on page 6-10.
Figure 6-9: Web interface: SETTINGS, Network (default settings)
Important
98-145510-A
Make sure that the networks do not use IP address ranges that overlap.
Chapter 6: Setup and operation
6-9
The web interface
Sections
Preferred use
NETWORK
Host
name
The host name is used for identifying the EXPLORER 8100. The default host
name is acu. You can change the name. Letters (a-z), digits (0-9) and hyphen
(-) are allowed as legal characters.
Note: The host name must start with a letter.
LAN Port 1
LAN port 1 is the service port and is used to access the web interface. By
default this port has the static IP address http://192.168.0.1; the current
value can be shown in the EXPLORER 8100 display (NETWORK > PORT 1 IP).
If you want a different setup for LAN port 1, you can change the IP settings.
You get the default settings back by resetting to factory default.
LAN Port 2, 3 By default, LAN port 5 is dedicated to the modem connection. If you want a
and 5
different setup for LAN port 5, you can change the IP settings.
LAN 3 and 5 are switched with LAN 2, i.e. they are always on the same
network and have the same IP settings as LAN 5.
LAN Port 4
LAN port 4 is configured to be a DHCP client. You can change the IP settings
according to your needs.
WLAN
The wireless port can be connected to one of the other ports.
Set here which of the ports 1 to 5 you want to access with WLAN.
Table 6-2: Setup of LAN network
Static IP or DHCP Client
Important
The DHCP server is enabled by default.
If you select DHCP client the network IP address and sub-net mask must be provided by a
DHCP server on that network. If you select Static you must specify a unique IP address and
a sub-net mask.
DHCP Server Settings
When Mode is set to Static, you can select to let the LAN port act as a DHCP server.
The DHCP start and end addresses must be on the same subnet as the port's static IP.
98-145510-A
Chapter 6: Setup and operation
6-10
The web interface
6.1.6
WLAN settings
Important
To use WLAN, you must first link the WLAN interface to one of the LAN
interfaces. Typically, you link WLAN to LAN 1, which is used to access the web
interface of the EXPLORER 8100. You make this link in the SETTINGS >
NETWORK page. See To configure the LAN network on page 6-9.
On the WLAN page you can enable and set up the WLAN access point. Do as follows:
1. Select SETTINGS > WLAN from the left navigation pane.
Figure 6-10: Web interface: SETTINGS > WLAN
2. Enable or disable the WLAN (default: Disabled).
3. Select the Country for your present location.
4. WLAN channel can be changed, channels available depend on the setting for
Country.
5. For Broadcast SSID, select Enabled (default) or Disabled.
Enabled: WLAN access point is shown to other users.
Disabled: WLAN access point is hidden.
6. Type in the SSID of your choice or accept the default SSID, which is Cobham. The
SSID is the name of the wireless local area network. It is a text with maximum 32
characters.
7. Select the Security standard. Select one of the following encryption standards:
• Disabled (default)
• WEP-64, enter the encryption key in hexadecimal format.
• WEP-128, enter the encryption key in hexadecimal format.
• WPA-PSK, enter the encryption key in hexadecimal or text format.
• WPA2-PSK, enter the encryption key in hexadecimal or text format.
98-145510-A
Chapter 6: Setup and operation
6-11
The web interface
8. Type in the Encryption key for the selected Security standard. This is not applicable if
you have selected Disabled.
9. Click Apply.
6.1.7
Navigation
On this page you can enter a fixed position or a fixed base heading. You can also select
whether or not you want antenna stabilization. Do as follows:
1. Select SETTINGS > Navigation from the left navigation pane.
2. Set the Heading and Position and select the Antenna Stabilization mode:
Item
Description
Heading
(Compass
direction)
Automatic - magnetic heading is used (default).
Position
GNSS - GNSS module is used for current position (default).
Manual - enter a value for the direction of the EXPLORER 8100 as an
alternative to the magnetic heading (0 to 360 degrees, precision ±20°).
Manual - enter values from other position source. (Accuracy should be
better than 50 m.)
Antenna
Stabilization
Continuous - The antenna continuously compensates for movements
in the vehicle to keep a stable position in relation to the satellite.
Off - Antenna stabilization is not used
Automatic - The antenna periodically adjusts the position to
compensate for movements in the vehicle.
Table 6-3: Web interface: SERVICE > Navigation
3. Click Apply to save the new settings.
6.1.8
Software update
Software update is described in the Service chapter under Software update on page 7-4.
98-145510-A
Chapter 6: Setup and operation
6-12
The web interface
6.1.9
Compass calibration
The first time you start up the system, you must make a compass calibration.
Note
You can set up whether or not you need administrator password to access
Compass calibration. See User permissions (guest login) on page 6-18.
With the system installed in the vehicle, park the vehicle and make a compass calibration in
4 directions with 90 degrees between them.
Do as follows:
1. Make sure the antenna is stowed before calibration.
2. Locate a flat area for parking the vehicle. Make sure there are no large magnetizable
objects (e.g. containers or trucks) close to the parking spot - it could affect the precision
of the system.
3. Find fix points for parking the vehicle in four directions with 90 degrees between them.
Figure 6-11: Compass calibration, vehicle positions
4. Park the vehicle in the first position.
5. Switch on the ACU. The ACU starts up and goes through an initialization procedure.
6. Wait until the Power LED and the Fail/Pass LED light steady green.
7. Connect a computer, start your browser and access the web interface.
8. Click SERVICE > Calibration and locate the section Compass calibration.
98-145510-A
Chapter 6: Setup and operation
6-13
The web interface
Figure 6-12: Web interface: SERVICE, Calibration, Compass calibration
9. When the Status field shows Ready, click Start.
The first calibration step begins. When the first step is completed, the Result field
shows Done and the Start button changes to a Continue button.
10.When the first part is completed, move the vehicle so that it is parked on a 90 degrees
angle relative to the previous position, see Figure 6-11.
11.Click Continue.
12.When the Result field shows Done, move the vehicle 90 degrees again, so that it is
parked on a 180 degrees angle relative to the first position and click Continue.
13.When the Result field shows Done, move the vehicle 90 degrees again, so that it is
parked on a 270 degrees angle relative to the first position and click Continue.
14.When the Result field shows Done and the button changes to Start again, the
compass calibration is completed.
98-145510-A
Chapter 6: Setup and operation
6-14
The web interface
6.1.10
Ku-Band version only: Tx/Cable calibration
If you have the Ku-Band version of the EXPLORER 8100, use the web interface to make a Tx
cable calibration to ensure that Tx power is calibrated at all frequencies.
1. On the page SERVICE > Calibration click Start in the section Cable calibration.
Figure 6-13: Web interface: SERVICE, Calibration, Cable calibration
2. Wait typically for 2 minutes for the calibration to finish.
A message is displayed when the calibration has been completed successfully.This screen
shows how much attenuation margin is left for the antenna cable. This indicates whether
the antenna cable and connectors are in good condition and well crimped.
It is recommended to make a cable calibration when servicing the system to check if the
antenna cable is still in good order. If the attenuator margin changes by 2 dB or more after
a cable calibration, it is recommended to do a P1dB compression measurement with the
satellite operator to verify that the VSAT modem configuration is correct.
The EXPLORER 8100 is calibrated now. If the calibration failed there will be a message on
the calibration screen.
6.1.11
To line up or jog the antenna
You can use the Lineup/Jog function to deliberately offset the antenna position. This may
be used for testing and troubleshooting and sometimes also during commissioning.
1. Connect a PC to the LAN1 or front LAN connector at the ACU.
You may also use WLAN, if it is configured.
2. Open an Internet browser and type the default IP address: http://192.168.0.1.
3. If the antenna is not already deployed, click Deploy in the top bar of the web interface.
4. Navigate to the page SERVICE > Jog and click Activate Jog or Activate Lineup.
• Lineup is typically used during commissioning. If you selected Lineup, the antenna
will be able to transmit during the Lineup procedure. You can enter offsets for the
position coordinates of the active profile, but you cannot change the coordinates of
the active profile.
98-145510-A
Chapter 6: Setup and operation
6-15
The web interface
• If you selected Jog, the antenna will not be transmitting, and you can enter any
position coordinates.
Figure 6-14: To line up or jog the antenna using the web interface
5. Click the arrow buttons for Azimuth or Elevation to change the offset, or type in specific
values.
 and  change the offset with 0.1° increments.
 and  change the offset with 1.0° increments.
The current position as well as the offset is shown on the screen.
6. For Ka-Band: Select Deactivate to return to normal operation and reactivate the
selected satellite profile.
7. For Ku-Band only: Continue to the next steps.
8. Click the arrow buttons for TX polarization to change the offset, or type in a specific
value. You may also select Add 90°.
The current position as well as the offset is shown on the screen.
9. Click Save polarization offset.
10.Enter the correct Modem CW frequency.
This is provided by the satellite operator, typically when talking to the satellite operator
on the phone before doing a P1dB compression measurement.
11.When the lineup or jog procedure is ended, select Deactivate to return to normal
operation and reactivate the selected satellite profile.
98-145510-A
Chapter 6: Setup and operation
6-16
The web interface
6.1.12
Administration
In this section of the web interface you can configure the following administrative settings:
• Access to the administration settings (user name, password)
• To import and export a system configuration
• To import and export a system configuration
• Reset to factory default
Access to the administration settings (user name, password)
You can log on as an administrator or as guest (user name: guest, password: guest). The
Administration settings require an Administration user name and password. To log on as
administrator, do as follows:
1. Enter the IP address of the EXPLORER 8100.
2. If you are prompted, enter the Administration user name and password. If not, select
ADMINISTRATION and then enter the administrator user name and password.
The default user name is admin and the default password is 1234.
3. Click Logon.
4. Select ADMINISTRATION.
The Administration page is now updated to let you change the user name and password
or log off Administration.
To change the administrator password, do as follows:
1. In the ADMINISTRATOR > User login page, locate the section Change Logon.
Figure 6-15: Web interface: Administration, change administrator logon and password
2. Type in the new password and retype it on the next line.
3. Click Change. At the next logon the new password is required.
98-145510-A
Chapter 6: Setup and operation
6-17
The web interface
To reset the administrator password, do as follows:
1. Contact your service partner for a reset code. Report the serial number of the ACU. You
find it in the Dashboard, ACU serial number.
2. Click the link Forgot administrator password? on the LOGON page.
3. Type in the reset code obtained from your service partner and click Reset.
4. Type in the user name admin, the default password 1234 and click Logon.
To log off administration
If you have not entered anything for 30 minutes under ADMINISTRATION, you are
logged off automatically. To log off manually, click Logoff in the ADMINISTRATION
page.
6.1.13
User permissions (guest login)
You can manage user access to certain functions of the EXPLORER 8100 system. You can
allow or deny users that are not administrators (user name: guest, password: guest) access
to certain functions and make these pages read-only. This is useful if you want to protect
the system against unintended changes or tampering of the system.
Important
Study this screen thoroughly and decide which areas of the
EXPLORER 8100 system you want to give non-administrator users (user
name: guest) access to.
To set up the user permissions for guest users, do as follows:
1. Select ADMINISTRATION > User permissions.
2. For each item under ALLOW USERS TO: select
• Yes to allow the guest user access
• No to block the guest user access to the settings. Then the pages are read-only,
changes cannot be made by the guest user.
Change network: Locks the page SETTINGS > Network. Use this page to change IP
configuration of the LAN connectors of the ACU. For further information see To
configure the LAN network on page 6-9.
3. Click Apply.
98-145510-A
Chapter 6: Setup and operation
6-18
The web interface
6.1.14
To import and export a system configuration
If you need to reuse a configuration in another EXPLORER 8100, you can save the current
configuration to a file, which can then be loaded into another EXPLORER 8100. You can also
use this feature for backup purposes.
Important
Load and save configurations can only be done with the same software
version in the units involved.
The configuration file contains all the settings you have entered during system setup:
satellite profiles, VSAT modem profiles, LAN setup, user permissions etc.
To save a configuration to a file, do as follows:
1. Select ADMINISTRATION > Export/import config.
Figure 6-16: Web interface: Administration, Export/import configuration
2. Click the button Export. Follow the download instructions on the screen. You can use
this configuration file for upload to another EXPLORER 8100,
To load a configuration from a file, do as follows:
1. Select ADMINISTRATION > Export/import config.
2. Click the button Browse and locate the configuration file (.cfg file) you want to upload.
Then click the button Open.
3. In the web interface click the button Upload.
To clone a system configuration, do as follows:
1. Reset to factory default, see the following section for details.
2. Import a configuration from file, see section above.
98-145510-A
Chapter 6: Setup and operation
6-19
The web interface
6.1.15
Reset to factory default
When resetting EXPLORER 8100 to factory default, the following settings are deleted or
reset to factory default:
• Navigation settings
• All added satellite profiles
• All added VSAT modem profiles
• Changes in the network setup
• User permissions
• ACU display: brightness setting
To reset to factory default settings, do as follows:
1. Select ADMINISTRATION > Factory default.
2. Click Reset to factory default.
6.1.16
Help desk
The Help desk pages in the web interface are described in the Service chapter under Help
desk and diagnostics report on page 7-2.
98-145510-A
Chapter 6: Setup and operation
6-20
Keypad and display menus
6.2
Keypad and display menus
6.2.1
Keypad and display
With the display menu you can do basic operations such as deploy, stow and stop the
antenna or apply the service function. You can also select which satellite profile to use.
In the menu system you can also see how the system has been configured. To configure
the system, use a connected PC and the web interface.
1
2
5
3
4
6
7
8
Signal strength
Figure 6-17: Display and keypad of the ACU (example)
1. Current status of the EXPLORER 8100 (examples):
TRACKING
ANTENNA SOFTWARE UPLOAD
ANTENNA POST (Power-On Self Test)
READY (waiting for data from the modem or no satellite profile selected)
DEPLOYED IDLE (antenna ready)
ACQUISITION OK (signal from the satellite acquired)
SAFE MODE (error, followed by an error description)
2. Current menu, see The menu tree on page 6-23.
3. NAV: Navigational information
First letter: G (Valid position signal received from the GNSPS module) or g (No valid
GNSS fix)
Second letter: H (Valid heading data) or h (No valid heading data).
4. LAN: LAN connectors used, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, –.
5. SAT: Longitude, satellite position of the currently active satellite profile.
6. RX:
1 (RX Lock, - or 1),
L (RX polarization of currently active satellite profile: L (left-hand) or R (right-hand) for
Ka antennas, H (Horizontal) or V (Vertical) for Ku antennas.
7. RF tracking frequency in GHz and LNB LO Frequency.
8. TX: <Modem TX> <ODU TX> <TX pol>
<Modem TX> = [m,M]
<ODU TX> = [a,A]
<Tx pol>=[-,L,R,H,V]
After 1 hour the display is dimmed to lowest intensity. Press any key to light up the display.
98-145510-A
Chapter 6: Setup and operation
6-21
Keypad and display menus
6.2.2
Brightness of the display
To adjust the brightness do the following:
1. Press and hold OK for a short moment until BRIGHTNESS XXX% is displayed (XXX is
the current brightness value).
2. Hold OK + press  to brighten or  to darken display.
3. Release OK to leave the brightness menu.
6.2.3
Navigating the menus
Use the keypad to navigate the menus.
• Press OK or  to select a menu item.
• Use the arrow keys  and  to go through the menu items or enter a
number, digit by digit.
• Use the arrow keys  and  to go through the settings and move
from one digit to the next.
• Press OK to select a setting.
• Press  again to move one level up. If applicable, confirm to store the new setting by
pressing OK.
98-145510-A
Chapter 6: Setup and operation
6-22
Keypad and display menus
6.2.4
The menu tree
With the display menu you can do basic operations such as deploy, stow and stop the
antenna or apply the service function. You can also select which satellite profile to use.
In the menu tree you can also see how the system has been configured. To configure the
system, use a connected PC and the web interface.
23(5$7,21
'(3/2<
672:
6723
32,17,1*
$17(11$67$7(
0$,1
352),/(
(/(9$7,21
23(5$7,21
SURILOH!
$=,087+
352),/(
SURILOH!
$17(11$
SURILOH!
02'(0
1(7:25.
$17(11$
6$7(//,7(
32,17,1*
(9(176
32/$5,=$7,21
32/$5,=$7,21
5;32/$5,=$7,21
7;32/$5,=$7,21
*166
+($',1*
9(56,216
6(5,$/180%(56
02'(0
*166
/$7,78'(
/21*,78'(
),;7<3(
02'(07<3(
7;(1$%/(
5;/2&.
6,*1$//(9(/
6(5,$/180%(56
$&8
$17(11$
1(7:25.
3257,3
6$7(//,7(
32570$6.
326,7,21
3257,3
5;32/$5,=$7,21
32570$6.
7;32/$5,=$7,21
3257,3
5;)5(48(1&<
32570$6.
/1%/2
3257,3
7;)5(48(1&<
32570$6.
%8&/2
3257,3
32570$6.
(9(176
'()$8/7*$7(:$<
(9(17!
(9(171!
Figure 6-18: Menu tree in the display
98-145510-A
Chapter 6: Setup and operation
6-23
Keypad and display menus
Top-level menu
Top-level
menu
MAIN
Description
View with current status of the EXPLORER 8100.
The status screen is displayed again after a time out of 10 minutes.
New events are shown in this display. If an event is displayed, press
OK to jump directly to the menu EVENTS for viewing the currently
active events.
Press any key (except left arrow) to enter the menu at MAIN.
OPERATION
Allows you to deploy, stow or stop the antenna.
PROFILE
Allows you to select which satellite profile to use.
ANTENNA
Shows the current antenna parameters, position, polarization,
software version and serial numbers of the antenna and ACU.
MODEM
Modem information, including modem type, signal level and status
for TX enable and RX lock
NETWORK
Shows the IP addresses and netmasks of the LAN connectors on the
ACU, and the default gateway.
SATELLITE
Current satellite information. This information is configured using
the web interface.
EVENTS
View system events. Number of active events are shown as: X
ACTIVE EVENTS in the MAIN display. Press OK to see the list.
Table 6-4: Top-level menus
Menu descriptions
OPERATION
Description
DEPLOY
Press OK to deploy the antenna
STOW
Press OK to stow the antenna
STOP
Press OK to stop the antenna immediately.
Table 6-5: OPERATION menu
PROFILE
<PROFILE>
Description
Lists the available satellite profiles. Use  and  to go through the
profiles and press OK to select the profile you want to activate.
Table 6-6: PROFILE menu
98-145510-A
Chapter 6: Setup and operation
6-24
Keypad and display menus
ANTENNA
Description
POINTING
ANTENNA STATE: Current state of the antenna, e.g. TRACKING
ELEVATION: Current elevation angle of the antenna
AZIMUTH: Current azimuth of the antenna, with reference to North
POLARIZATION
RX POLARIZATION: HORIZONTAL, VERTICAL, LEFT or RIGHT
TX POLARIZATION: HORIZONTAL, VERTICAL, LEFT or RIGHT
GPS
LATITUDE: current latitude, read from GNSS module
LONGITUDE: current longitude, read from GNSS module
FIX TYPE: 2D or 3D or USER (USER means the position is entered
manually)
HEADING
Orientation of the mounting base in relation to estimated North.
VERSIONS
Current software version of the antenna
SERIAL NUMBERS
Serial numbers of the antenna and the ACU
Table 6-7: ANTENNA menu
MODEM
Description
MODEM TYPE
Current modem type.
TX ENABLE
On or off, information delivered by the connected VSAT modem.
RX LOCK
On or off, information delivered by the connected VSAT modem.
SIGNAL LEVEL
Current input signal level from the VSAT modem, in dB.
Table 6-8: MODEM menu
NETWORK
Description
PORT 1 IP
Current IP address for LAN1 (service port)
PORT 1 MASK
Current netmask for LAN1
PORT 2 IP
Current IP address for LAN2 (modem port)
PORT 2 MASK
Current netmask for LAN2 (modem port)
PORT 3 IP
Current IP address for LAN3
PORT 3 MASK
Current netmask for LAN3
PORT 4 IP
Current IP address for LAN4
PORT 4 MASK
Current netmask for LAN4
PORT 5 IP
Current IP address for LAN5
Table 6-9: NETWORK menu
98-145510-A
Chapter 6: Setup and operation
6-25
Keypad and display menus
NETWORK
Description
PORT 5 MASK
Current netmask for LAN5
DEFAULT GATEWAY
Current default gateway
Table 6-9: NETWORK menu (Continued)
SATELLITE
Description
POSITION
Current satellite position
RX POLARIZATION
-, HORIZONTAL, VERTICAL, LEFT or RIGHT
TX POLARIZATION
-, HORIZONTAL, VERTICAL, LEFT or RIGHT
RX FREQUENCY
Current RX frequency
LNB LO
LNB LO frequency
TX FREQUENCY
Current TX frequency
BUC LO
BUC LO frequency
Table 6-10: SATELLITE menu
EVENT
<EVENT>
Description
In this menu all active events are listed. Use  and  to go through the
active events.
Events can be of the type WARNING or ERROR.
If a new event occurs or there is a change in the event list while you are in
the EVENTS menu, a * is shown in the upper left corner of the display, next
to the menu name. Press OK to update the EVENTS list, the * will be
removed.
A > means the event text is longer than the display. Press > to see the
remaining text.
Table 6-11: EVENTS menu
Example:
98-145510-A
EVENT 1/4*: This is the first event out of a list of 4 and there has been a
change in the list. EVENT 1/4 will always be shown, the * indicates a change.
Chapter 6: Setup and operation
6-26
Chapter 7
Service and maintenance
7
This chapter has the following sections:
• General support
• Software update
• Status signalling with LEDs and status messages
• To return units for repair
7.1
General support
Contact for support
If this manual does not provide the remedies to solve your problem, contact your service
provider.
7.1.1
Preventative maintenance
The EXPLORER 8100 is constructed to require a minimum amount of regular maintenance.
WARNING! Potentially hot surface when the system is operated in
hot environments without the possibility for ventilation. Contact may cause
burn. Allow to cool before servicing.
Make the following checks on a regular basis:
• Inspect the reflector front surface for physical damage including chips and cracks. Any
substantial damage can affect antenna performance and may require a portion of the
reflector to be replaced.
• Check the feed horn membrane for cracks or damage.
• Check that the mechanical connection between reflector arm and Feed arm is firm.
There must be no slackness in the connection between reflector arm and Feed arm.
• Check the flexible wave guide between the BUC and the feed for cracks or damage.
• Check that the polarization module can rotate.
• Use low-pressure washing and soft scrubbing to rinse off grit and reduce wear.
98-145510-A
7-1
General support
7.1.2
Help desk and diagnostics report
During the installation you can enter the support contact for this installation.
1. To access the Help desk, select HELPDESK from the left navigation pane.
Figure 7-1: Web interface: HELPDESK
2. Under Contact, click the link, enter support contact information and click Apply.
At Legal notice the licence text for the source code of the parts of the EXPLORER 8100
software that fall under free and open source software can be displayed.
Diagnostics report: You can download a diagnostic report e.g. for troubleshooting. To
generate a diagnostics report do as follows:
1. In the section Download Reports click the button Download. The report (txt file) is
downloaded to your computer.
The Diagnostics report contains information relevant for the service personnel during
troubleshooting. It is also useful documentation of the current setup. It contains all
parameters set during configuration. The main sections are:
• Software
• System
• Hardware
• Setup - System data
• Network - LAN Configuration
• Modems
• Satellites - Satellite profiles
• Operation - Current modem and navigation parameters.
• POST - results of the Power-On-Self-Test
• Active Events - lists the currently active events
• Events - List of all cleared events.
• System log
98-145510-A
Chapter 7: Service and maintenance
7-2
General support
Event list
When an event is registered, the web interface shows an event icon
in the icon bar as
long as the event is active. The ACU display shows also active events. To view the event list
with active events, click the event icon from the icon bar at the top of the web interface, or
select HELPDESK > Event list from the left navigation pane.
The Event list page shows a detailed list of active events and notifications including the
time of the first occurrence, ID and severity of the event message, and a short text
describing the error. Active events are cleared from the event list when the error is cleared.
They are moved to the section Notifications and are displayed for 24 hours. All entries in
the section Notifications are cleared automatically after 24 hours and after restart of the
system. For a list of all events with description, error code (ID), explanation and remedy see
System messages on page D-1.
Self test
You can start a self test of the EXPLORER 8100 antenna and ACU.
1. Click Self test in the HELPDESK page.
2. Click the menu item Self test.
Important
7.1.3
Warning! The EXPLORER 8100 will reboot to perform the self test.
Rebooting the ACU will terminate all existing connections.
Reset
To reset the antenna do the following:
1. Press and hold  and  until the ACU display shuts down and the antenna reboots.
Figure 7-2: To reset the system
2. Wait until the antenna has rebooted and is operational again. The last active satellite
profile will be used.
Reset to factory defaults using the web interface
You can reset the EXPLORER 8100 to factory defaults. See Reset to factory default.
Important
98-145510-A
Warning! Reset to factory default will delete all settings, including
satellite and VSAT modem profiles, network setup, user permissions
and ACU display brightness settings.
Chapter 7: Service and maintenance
7-3
Software update
7.2
Software update
7.2.1
Prerequisites
The following items are required to make a software update:
• One computer with a standard Ethernet port available.
• A standard Internet browser.
• 1024×768 pixels or higher display resolution (best viewed with small fonts).
• One straight LAN cable.
• Access to the file with the new software.
7.2.2
Software update procedure
To update the EXPLORER 8100
The antenna software is automatically updated when the ACU software has been updated.
Note
Software update should only be done by qualified service personnel.
1. Power up the EXPLORER 8100 system, i.e. switch on the ACU.
2. Connect a PC to LAN interface 1 (Service port, standard Ethernet).
If you want to use another LAN port to access the web interface you must configure it
according to your network requirements. See To configure the LAN network on page 68 for more information.
3. Open your Internet browser and enter the IP address of the EXPLORER 8100. The default
IP address is http://192.168.0.1.
4. Type in the user name admin and the password 1234 to access the Dashboard.
5. The web interface shows the DASHBOARD page.
6. Click SERVICE in the navigation pane.
98-145510-A
Chapter 7: Service and maintenance
7-4
Software update
The UPLOAD SOFTWARE TO TERMINAL page is displayed.
Figure 7-3: Software update with the web interface
7. Click Browse... and locate the new software file.
8. Click Upload.
Important
Do not browse away from the upload page. This will terminate the
upload process. Wait for the browser to reload automatically.
9. You can select Enable automatic rollback on failure, then the system returns to the
previous software if the installed software fails.
10.Click Switch to this version if you want to force the system to use the alternative
software version stated in the display.
Note that the upload procedure takes a couple of minutes. When done, the ACU
automatically restarts with the new software version.
The start-up procedure after a software upload takes longer than the usual start-up time, as
the software in the antenna must also be updated. The ACU display shows: ANTENNA SW
UPLOAD.
If software upload fails - how to recover
To recover from a failed software upload, turn off the ACU and turn it on again. Then repeat
the upload procedure as described in Software update on page 7-4.
98-145510-A
Chapter 7: Service and maintenance
7-5
Software update
To verify the software update
1. The software version can be viewed in the DASHBOARD window of the web interface.
2. After completing the software update procedure, the EXPLORER 8100 will perform a
POST (Power On Self Test).
3. When the POST has finished, the green Pass/Fail LED on the keypad must become
steadily green. Verify that the Pass/Fail LED is not red nor flashing orange once every 2
seconds. Wait until the Pass/Fail LED is green.
4. Verify that the software update has been completed successfully. You find the software
version number in the DASHBOARD window of the web interface.
Figure 7-4: Verifying software update
Software update (VSAT modem)
Refer to the documentation for your VSAT modem.
98-145510-A
Chapter 7: Service and maintenance
7-6
Status signalling with LEDs and status messages
7.3
Status signalling with LEDs and status messages
Built-In Test Equipment
The EXPLORER 8100 has a Built-In Test Equipment (BITE) function in order to make fault
diagnostics easy during service and installation. The BITE test is performed during:
• Power On Self Test (POST), which is automatically performed each time the system is
powered on.
• Person Activated Self Test (PAST), which is initiated by starting a self test in the web
interface HELPDESK > Self test.
For details on error messages after a POST or a self test see Event list on page 7-3.
Means of signalling
The EXPLORER 8100 provides various methods for signalling the system status. LEDs on
the front panel of the ACU are used to signal:
• Power on/off
• Logon
• Fail/Pass
The built-in web interface of the ACU shows any events (BITE error codes) with a short
message describing each error. This is also displayed in the ACU.
In an error situation, one of the following system status messages may be shown:
• ACU POST error
• ADU POST error
• SAFE MODE (plus information about the specific error, see System messages on
page D-1).
98-145510-A
Chapter 7: Service and maintenance
7-7
Status signalling with LEDs and status messages
7.3.1
LEDs on the keypad of the EXPLORER 8100
There are 3 LEDs: Power, Logon and Fail/Pass LED.
LED
Power
Logon
Behavior
Description
Steady green
Power supply OK
Steady red
Power supply failure
Off
No power
Flashing green
Current status is displayed:
• Searching satellite
• Identifying satellite
• Carrier lock & TX enabled from modem
Fail/Pass
LED
Steady green
Satellite link established
Off
No satellite link acquired
Steady red
A fault which prevents operation is present
in the system (ACU, antenna, MODEM).
Flashing green
A Power On Self Test (POST) or Person
Activated Self Test (PAST) in progress. The
current status is displayed.
Flashing red
Active BITE failure or warning. The event is
shown in the ACU display.
Steady green
No faults.
Table 7-1: LEDs on the ACU
98-145510-A
Chapter 7: Service and maintenance
7-8
To stow and deploy the antenna manually
7.4
To stow and deploy the antenna manually
7.4.1
Manual stow
If for some reason the system is inoperable, e.g. due to loss of power or similar, you can
stow the antenna manually.
Do as follows:
1. Find the Hand crank included in the delivery.
2. If the Feed arm of the antenna is not pointing straight, aligned with the antenna base
frame, you must adjust the Azimuth as described in the next steps.
Figure 7-5: Manual stow, azimuth
3. Find the adjustment location for Azimuth shown in the picture below and unscrew the
cover for the adjustment bolt.
98-145510-A
Chapter 7: Service and maintenance
7-9
To stow and deploy the antenna manually
Figure 7-6: Manual stow, azimuth adjustment
4. Use the Hand crank on the Azimuth adjustment bolt to adjust the Azimuth until the
antenna is pointing in the exact same direction as the base of the antenna.
5. For Ku-version only: Before adjusting the Elevation, turn the OMT/LNB assembly 45
degrees by hand to make sure that the Flexible Wave Guide does not get caught
between the Feed arm and the base frame.
Figure 7-7: Manual stow, Turn OMT/LNB assembly 45 degrees
6. In the left side of the antenna, use a hexagon screwdriver to remove the three screws for
the cover for Elevation adjustment, shown below.
98-145510-A
Chapter 7: Service and maintenance
7-10
To stow and deploy the antenna manually
Left side
Figure 7-8: Manual stow, cover for elevation adjustment
7. In the left side, use the Hand crank to adjust the Elevation downwards.
Figure 7-9: Manual stow, elevation adjustment
8. When the Feed arm is close to the base frame, check that the rubber bumpers on the
base frame touch the feed arm correctly in both sides (straight and symmetric).
9. Continue adjusting with the Hand crank until the antenna is completely stowed. When
the antenna is stowed, the markings on the antenna will be corresponding as shown
below.
Figure 7-10: Manual stow, markings for stow position
98-145510-A
Chapter 7: Service and maintenance
7-11
To stow and deploy the antenna manually
10.Remount the covers for the adjustment locations (Elevation adjustment and the small
cover for the Azimuth adjustment).
7.4.2
Manual deploy
If you need to manually deploy the antenna from stowed position, you must first release
the stow lock.
Do as follows
1. Check that the stow markings are aligned as shown in figure 7-10. If not, use the hand
crank to adjust the elevation until the markings are aligned (Figure 7-9).
2. In the right side of the antenna, use a hexagon screwdriver to remove the three screws
for the cover for the stow lock, shown below.
right side
Figure 7-11: Manual stow, cover for stow lock
3. Insert a small screwdriver at the top of the L-shaped hole, tip it downwards and follow
the direction of the hole to the left to release the lock.
Important
Leave the screwdriver in the lock while adjusting the elevation.
Figure 7-12: Manual deploy, release stow lock
98-145510-A
Chapter 7: Service and maintenance
7-12
To stow and deploy the antenna manually
4. Go back to the left side of the antenna, remove the cover for the Elevation adjustment
and use the Hand crank to adjust the Elevation to the wanted position.
Figure 7-13: Manual deploy, elevation adjustment
5. When the Feed arm is free of the stow brackets, you can adjust the azimuth as described
in step 3 and step 4 in the previous section.
6. Remount the covers for the adjustment locations (left and right Elevation adjustment
and the small cover for the Azimuth adjustment.
98-145510-A
Chapter 7: Service and maintenance
7-13
To return units for repair
7.5
To return units for repair
Should your Cobham SATCOM product fail, please contact your dealer or installer, or the
nearest Cobham SATCOM partner. You will find the partner details on
www.cobham.com/communications-and-connectivity/satcom where you also find the
Cobham SATCOM Self Service Center web-portal, which may help you solve the problem.
Your dealer, installer or Cobham SATCOM partner will assist you whether the need is user
training, technical support, arranging on-site repair or sending the product for repair. Your
dealer, installer or Cobham SATCOM partner will also take care of any warranty issue.
7.5.1
Antenna data
The ACU contains a backup of the antenna data from the PCM unit in the antenna. When
the ACU or antenna has been exchanged, you must make sure the units are using the same
antenna data:
1. Select Service > Antenna data.
Figure 7-14: Antenna data for exchanged units
2. Select the unit that has not been exchanged, in order to use the existing antenna data
for both units.
Example:
98-145510-A
If the ACU has been exchanged, select PCM unit in order to copy the
existing antenna data into the new ACU.
Chapter 7: Service and maintenance
7-14
Appendix A
Technical specifications
A
This appendix has the following sections:
• Antenna specifications
• Antenna dimensions
• ACU specifications
• ACU dimensions
A.1
General specifications
Item
Specification
Certification
CE (Safety, EMC & use of spectrum etc.), FCC and IC
(radiation pattern etc.), Eutelsat (pointing, radiation
pattern etc.)
System power supply range
100-240 VAC, 50-60 Hz nom.
(input via ACU)
90-264 VAC, 43-67 Hz max range
Total system power consumption
8 W Ku-BUC
190 W typ. 440 W peak
3 W Ka-TRIA
160 W typ. 410 W peak
Table A-1: General specifications
A.2
Antenna specifications
Reflector
Size (nominal)
1.0 m
Optics
Offset, Prime focus, F/D ~0.8
Material
Carbon fiber sandwich
Ka-Band
98-145510-A
Receive
Transmit
Feed
Switchable circular X-pol,
included in TRIA
Frequency range (GHz)
19.2 - 20.2
29.0 - 30.0
A-1
Antenna specifications
Ka-Band
Receive
Transmit
Gain (dBi) @ TRIA in/output
44.5 - 45.0
48.3 - 48.5
Axial ratio (dB)
Unknown
Unknown
Polarization
LHCP or RHCP
RHCP or
LHCP
TRIA output power (W)
3
Ku-Band
Receive
Transmit
Feed
Rotating linear X-pol 2-port
Frequency range (GHz)
10.70 - 12.75
13.75 14.50
Gain (dBi) @ LNB input/BUC output
39.1 - 40.7
41.3 - 41.9
X-pol discrimination min. (dB)
27.0
27.0
Polarization
Linear
Linear X-pol
Max On-Axis EIRP Spectral Density (dBW/40 kHz) per
FCC 25.226 (1.5°)/FCC 25.226 (2.0°)/ Eutelsat ESS502
35.0 / 39.0 / 43.9
G/T (dB/°K) @ 30° elev. @ 25° C (10.70 - 12.75 GHz)
18.0 - 19.6
BUC output power (P1dB min.) (W)
8
Mechanical characteristics
98-145510-A
Axis Drive System
2-Axis Positioner + pol axis for Ku-band
Positioner Geometry
Elevation over Azimuth
Travel:-Azimuth
±195°
Travel:-Elevation
0° to 100° relative to antenna base
Emergency Drive
Hand crank on Azimuth & Elevation
Travel:-Polarization (Ku only)
-95° to +95°
Vehicle tilt for full sky coverage (10 - 90°
satellite elevation over the horizon)
10° (~18%) max.
Vehicle tilt, operational
32° (~62%) max.
Satellite orbit inclination
15° max.
Positioner angular speed
9°/s max.
Chapter A: Technical specifications
A-2
Antenna specifications
Mechanical characteristics
Live tracking
Yes - if enabled by user
Roof mount (flush)
Yes
Thule bar mount
Yes
Trailer mount
No - additional vibration damping required,
contact factory
Weights and measures
Antenna weight Ku / Ka
67 / 64 kg (153 /141 lbs) incl. BUC, LNB etc.
Antenna length
156 cm (61.5")
Antenna, stowed height
32.1 cm (12.6")
Antenna, deployed height
142.5 cm (56.1")
Environmental characteristics
Wind Speed - Operational pointing
72 km/h (45 mph)
Wind Speed - Deployed, survival
120 km/h (75 mph)
Wind Speed - Stowed, survival
161 km/h (100 mph)
Temperature - Operational
-30 to +55 °C (-22 to +131 °F)
Temperature - Survival
-40 to +80 °C (-40 to +176 °F)
Temperature - Storage
-40 to +85 °C (-40 to +185 °F)
Solar radiation
1120W/m2 to MIL-STD-810F 505.4
IP class
IP55
Ice survival
5 mm (0.2")
Humidity
0 to 100% (condensing)
Air Pressure, operational
3 km (10000 ft.) AMSL
Air Pressure, transport
4572 m (15000 tf) AMSL
MIL-SPEC-810E 500.4
98-145510-A
Shock (handling & transportation)
Half sine, 20g/11ms, 3 axis
Rail transport (X & Y horizontal shock)
Saw tooth 50g/50ms
Appendix A: Technical specifications
A-3
Antenna dimensions
A.3
Antenna dimensions
The dimensions shown here are in millimeters, with inches shown in brackets.
A.3.1
Side view (stowed)
Figure A-1: Antenna: Side view (stowed)
A.3.2
Top view (stowed)
Figure A-2: Antenna: Top view (stowed)
98-145510-A
Appendix A: Technical specifications
A-4
Antenna dimensions
A.3.3
Side view (deployed)
Figure A-3: Antenna: Side view (deployed)
98-145510-A
Appendix A: Technical specifications
A-5
Antenna dimensions
A.3.4
Measures for antenna installation
334 [13.1]
Ø8.5
Max. 1200 [47.2]
Min. 705 [27.8]
48 [1.9]
As shown 404 [15.9]
Abs. max. 412 [16.2]
As shown 171 [6.7]
Rec. min. 164 [6.5]
Abs. min. 148 [5.9]
343 [13.5]
8.6°
Figure A-4: Measures for antenna installation
98-145510-A
Appendix A: Technical specifications
A-6
ACU specifications
A.4
ACU specifications
Item
Specification
Dimensions, rack mount
HxWxD
1 U, 19 inch
43.7 x 482.6 x 475.6 mm (1.72 x 19.0 x 18.7 inches)
Weight
4.6 kg (10 lbs)
Ambient temperature
Operational: -25°C to +55°C
Survival: -40°C to +80°C
Storage: -40°C to +85°C
Humidity
95% (non-condensing)
IP class
IP20
Interfaces
1 x RX Out (to modem RX in)
1 x TX In (from modem TX out)
1 x LNB RX (from LNB RX on antenna)
1 x BUC TX (to BUC TX on antenna)
1 x ODU Power & Comm. (to ODU Power & Comm.
on antenna)
1 x BUC Power & Comm. (to BUC Power & Comm. on
antenna)
1 x ODU Comm. (to ODU Comm. on antenna)
5 x Ethernet, RJ45
1 x WLAN
1 x RS-232
1 x RS-422
1 x AC power input
1 x Ground stud
Input power
See System power supply range and Total system
power consumption on page A-1.
Display and controls
OLED display, 5 push buttons,
3 discrete indicator LEDs and ON/OFF switch
Table A-2: Technical specifications for the ACU
98-145510-A
Appendix A: Technical specifications
A-7
ACU dimensions
A.5
ACU dimensions
The dimensions shown here are in millimeters, with inches shown in brackets.
43.7
[1.7]
77
[3.0]
ACU front and top
31.75
[1.25]
A.5.1
465.1
[18.3]
427.1
[16.8]
369.3
[14.5]
454.3
[17.9]
475.6
[18.7]
332.6
[13.1]
482.6
[19.0]
Figure A-5: ACU dimensions, front and top
98-145510-A
Appendix A: Technical specifications
A-8
ACU dimensions
A.5.2
ACU left and right side
15
[0.6]
8.5
[0.3]
2 pcs M4 inserts
15
[0.6]
8.5
[0.3]
347.3
[13.7]
432.3
[17.0]
2 pcs M4 inserts
Figure A-6: ACU dimensions, left and right side
98-145510-A
Appendix A: Technical specifications
A-9
Appendix B
VSAT modem cables
B
This appendix contains cable specifications for cables between the ACU and a VSAT
modem.
• Modem Cable COMTECH Serial & RSSI TT7016A
• iDirect & SkyEdge II VSAT modem serial cable
98-145510-A
B-1
Modem Cable COMTECH Serial & RSSI TT7016A
B.1
Modem Cable COMTECH Serial & RSSI TT7016A
Figure B-1: Modem Cable COMTECH Serial & RSSI TT7016A
98-145510-A
Appendix B: VSAT modem cables
B-2
iDirect & SkyEdge II VSAT modem serial cable
B.2
iDirect & SkyEdge II VSAT modem serial cable
Figure B-2: Modem Cable iNFINITI iDirect VSAT modem
98-145510-A
Appendix B: VSAT modem cables
B-3
Appendix C
VSAT modem settings
C
In this appendix you find detailed information on how to set up supported VSAT modems.
Important
The information in this appendix may not be up to date. The VSAT modems
are 3rd party products in relation to Cobham SATCOM, and Cobham
SATCOM has no influence on the functionality of these products.
The following information is only a guideline based on the functionality of
the modems at the time of writing.
The appendix has the following sections:
• OpenAMIP setup for iDirect iNFINITI & Evolution
• Serial setup for iDirect iNFINITI & Evolution
• COMTECH 570L
• STM SatLink 2900 VSAT modem
• Gilat SkyEdge II VSAT modem
98-145510-A
C-1
OpenAMIP setup for iDirect iNFINITI & Evolution
C.1
OpenAMIP setup for iDirect iNFINITI &
Evolution
C.1.1
Protocol and interfaces
Introduction
The following sections describe the protocol and interface between the EXPLORER 8100
ACU and an iDirect OpenAMIP VSAT modem. OpenAMIP operation is normally used by
service providers offering global VSAT service because the protocol supports roaming
between satellites (Automatic Beam Switching).
OpenAMIP, an ASCII message based protocol invented and Trademarked by iDirect is a
specification for the interchange of information between an antenna controller (ACU) and
a VSAT modem. This protocol allows the VSAT modem to command the ACU to search and
lock to a particular satellite as well as allowing exchange of information necessary to permit
the VSAT modem to initiate and maintain communication via the antenna and the satellite.
In general, OpenAMIP is not intended for any purpose except to permit a modem and the
ACU to perform synchronized automatic beam switching.
Connections
Connect the ACU and iDirect modem with the following cables:
• Ethernet cable for TCP/IP data communication
• RS-232 console cable for signal strength indication (part number: 407090A-020)
Important
It is important to connect this cable to achieve satisfactory acquisition of
the satellite. This is due to missing information in the iDirect OpenAMIP
software before version 3.1.1.2/13.0.1.2. RSSI information on the
dashboard will only be available with this cable connected.
• 75 Ohm RF cables F-F connectors for rx and tx frequencies.
Figure C-1: Connecting iDirect iNFINITI 5000 series to the ACU (OpenAMIP)
98-145510-A
Appendix C: VSAT modem settings
C-2
OpenAMIP setup for iDirect iNFINITI & Evolution
Figure C-2: Connecting iDirect Evolution X5 to the ACU (OpenAMIP)
The pin allocation for the RS-232 Console cable is shown below. See also Appendix B on
page B-1 for a cable drawing.
Console
port (DTE)
RJ-45 pin Color code
RJ-45 to DB-9 Console
adapter pin
device
RTS
1
Blue
8
CTS
DTR
2
Orange
6
DSR
TxD
3
Black
2
RxD
GND
4
Red
NC
GND
GND
5
Green
5
GND
RxD
6
Yellow
3
TxD
DSC
7
Brown
4
DTR
Rx-RF Power 8
White/Grey 9
--
Table C-1: RS-232 Console cable for iDirect VSAT modem
98-145510-A
Appendix C: VSAT modem settings
C-3
OpenAMIP setup for iDirect iNFINITI & Evolution
Protocol
The EXPLORER 8100 ACU supports all OpenAMIP commands except the X command which
is optional. All the supported OpenAMIP commands are shown in the following figure.
Figure C-3: Supported OpenAMIP commands
Messages sent from VSAT
modem
Explanation
S -15.000000 0.000000
0.000000
Longitude, Max_lat, Pol_skew
H 1451.815000 1.905000
Hunt_frequency, Hunt_bandwidth
PHV
Rx_polarity, Tx_polarity
B 11250.000000
12800.00000
Rx-lcl_osc, Tx_lcl_osc
T 1403.290000 0.618000
Tx_frequency, Tx_bandwidth
A 15
Keepalive_interval in mS [ACU: s message]
W 300
latlong_interval in seconds [ACU: w message]
L11
Rx lock, Tx allowed
K 90.000000
Max_skew
Table C-2: Messages sent from the VSAT modem to the ACU (examples)
98-145510-A
Appendix C: VSAT modem settings
C-4
OpenAMIP setup for iDirect iNFINITI & Evolution
Messages sent from the ACU to the VSAT modem
Explanation
s11
Functional, Tx OK
w 1 55.794010 12.52272 985523005
GPS valid, Latitude, Longitude, Time
Table C-3: Messages sent from the ACU to the VSAT modem (examples)
Note
The iDirect modems only sends the satellite information once
when booting. If the ACU has not received the information
for some reason, the system cannot point. In that case the
modem will automatically boot after 5 minutes and send the
satellite information again.
The signal strength from the modem is measured on RS-232 pin 9. It is a DC voltage in the
range of 0 - 5 VDC.
Ranges for signal strength
VDC
Antenna status
0-2.5
RF energy is detected, but from the wrong
satellite.
2.6-5.0
Carrier lock, correct satellite.
Table C-4: Ranges for signal strength for iDirect OpenAMIP VSAT
modem
The signal strength is displayed in the web interface on the Dashboard as 0 – 500. The
minimum value for an Internet connection is 250 - 260.
C.1.2
Sample options file
The following section presents a portion of a sample iDX 2.0.x Options file with OpenAMIP
messages and parameters defined. OpenAMIP keys appear highlighted in bold.
[OPTIONS_FILE]
product_mode = idirect_scpc
modem_sn = 40170
generated_by = NMS-10.0.0
did = 12885226
modem_type = Remote
modem_hardware = 5000
is_mesh = 0
disable_options_flash_command = 0
carrier_type = 0
...
[MOBILE]
is_mobile = 1
tx_handshake_enabled = 0
gps_input = 2
latlong_interval = 300
98-145510-A
Appendix C: VSAT modem settings
C-5
OpenAMIP setup for iDirect iNFINITI & Evolution
latlong_fail_interval = 10
init_tx_power_offset = 0.000000
[MAPSERVER_0]
hostname = 172.20.130.3
port = 5003
[BEAMS]
beam_21 = PPS_Perf_Eval
maxbeam = 21
[ANTENNA]
manufacturer = OpenAMIP
model = OpenAMIP
addr = 172.26.81.34
port = 2000
connect_timeout = 30
dedicated_interface = ixp1
[SATELLITE]
min_look_angle = 0.000000
tx_frequency = 1300.000000
tx_bandwidth = 36.000000
hunt_bandwidth = 36.000000
rx_lcl_osc = 11250.000000
tx_lcl_osc = 12800.000000
max_skew = 90.000000
name = T12
channelname = T12_EMEA
longitude = -15.000000
max_lat = 0.000000
pol_skew = 0.000000
hunt_frequency = 1075.000000
polarity = H
tx_polarity = X
noise_reference_frequency = 0.000000
98-145510-A
Appendix C: VSAT modem settings
C-6
OpenAMIP setup for iDirect iNFINITI & Evolution
The option file must use following information:
Section in the
option file
[SATELLITE]
Requirements
The modem provides RX and TX frequency information via a data
connection to the EXPLORER 8100.
The single-cable solution makes it possible to configure the VSAT
modem to use any LO frequency in the range from 9.6 GHz to 11.3
GHz. The EXPLORER 8100 will tune to the correct Ku-Band frequency
and provide the correct L-Band frequency to the VSAT modem.
Example: “rx_lcl_osc = 11250.000000”
EXPLORER 8100 has an extended 8 Watt BUC with LO up conversion
frequency of 12.8 GHz.
— Example: “tx_lcl_osc = 12800.000000”
Note: EXPLORER 8100 supports any LNB frequency due to the 1-cable
design.
[MOBILE]
The iDirect modem must be set to mobile unit and receive the GPS
information from the ACU with the command “w <Valid> <Lat> <Lon>
<Time>”.
Example:
“is_mobile = 1”
Tx handshake must not be enabled in the iDirect modem.
Example:
[ODU]
“tx_handshake_enabled = 0”
The EXPLORER 8100 can work either using the Rx or Tx 10 MHz
reference signals provided by the modem or using its own built-in
10 MHz reference signal. It is recommended to use the Tx 10 MHz
reference signal from the modem. See also page 6-7 (setup of VSAT
modem profiles).
Example:
“odu_rx_10_mhz = 1”
The EXPLORER 8100 needs the Tx 10 MHz reference signal in order to
allow TX ON.
Example:
“odu_tx_10_mhz = 1”
Table C-5: Information in the VSAT modem option file
98-145510-A
Appendix C: VSAT modem settings
C-7
OpenAMIP setup for iDirect iNFINITI & Evolution
C.1.3
Configuration example (OpenAMIP)
Examples of modem profile and satellite configuration from the ACU web interface are
shown in the figures below.
Figure C-4: VSAT modem profile, OpenAMIP (example)
Figure C-5: Satellite profile, OpenAMIP (example)
Simple OpenAMIP protocol in iDS 8.0.2.7 is NOT supported by the EXPLORER 8100.
Full OpenAMIP protocol from iDX 2.0 and up is supported by the EXPLORER 8100.
98-145510-A
Appendix C: VSAT modem settings
C-8
OpenAMIP setup for iDirect iNFINITI & Evolution
C.1.4
Troubleshooting
It is expected that the modem has been connected with cables to the ACU and that an
iDirect OpenAMIP modem profile and satellite profile have been configured in the web
interface of the EXPLORER 8100 and has been activated. For further details see
Configuration example (OpenAMIP) on page C-8.
It is recommended to connect the service PC to LAN port 1 of the ACU in order to have
access to the web server of the EXPLORER 8100 and IP connection to the attached iDirect
OpenAMIP modem.
A telnet or ssh client and Internet browser is needed in order to go through the
troubleshooting guidelines. It is recommended to use the telnet/ssh client program called
PuTTy, which is available for free on the Internet (http://www.putty.org/).
1. Default login to iDirect modems are: User name: admin, Password: P@55w0rd!
2. Every time a setting is changed in the iDirect modem, it must be stored in flash using the
following command line command:
options flash
3. After changing a setting and storing the new setting the modem has to boot its
application in order to read and use the new setting. This is done with the command line
command:
reset application
The iDirect options file is divided into sections; the section name is always CAPITAL letters.
Each section has several parameters, and each parameter has a value. See the following
example:
[MOBILE]
gps_input = 2
init_tx_power_offset = 0.000000
is_mobile = 1
latlong_interval = 60
tx_handshake_enabled = 0
To change a setting in the MOBILE section use the options set command. See
example of command here:
options set MOBILE gps_input 2
Note that setting the gps_input parameter to value 2 is written without an equal sign
but only with a space character between parameter name and the value.
You can use the following flow chart and the instructions in the notes later in this appendix.
98-145510-A
Appendix C: VSAT modem settings
C-9
OpenAMIP setup for iDirect iNFINITI & Evolution
* Use same transponder polarity with both calibrations.
Figure C-6: iDirect OpenAMIP troubleshooting
Note 1: Connect to modem with Telnet or serial and issue following commands:
options show ANTENNA
Check: IP address, port # and manufacturer = OpenAMIP.
options show MOBILE
Check: is_mobile = 1
Note 2: Connect to modem with telnet and issue command:
options show SATELLITE
Check: tx_lcl_osc = 12800.000000,
Check: tx_frequency is between: 950.000000 to 1700.000000
Check: rx_lcl_osc + hunt_frequency is between: 10.7 GHz to 12.75 GHz
Note 3: Connect to the modem with Telnet and issue commands:
98-145510-A
Appendix C: VSAT modem settings
C-10
OpenAMIP setup for iDirect iNFINITI & Evolution
options show ODU
Check: odu_tx_10_mhz = 1
options show MOBILE
Check: tx_handshake_enabled = 0
Note 4: Connect to the modem with Telnet and issue command:
beamselector list
Write down the transponder number for one of the beams that has line of sight.
Use the command: beamselector switch <number> -f to force the VSAT modem to use
this transponder. E.g:
beamselector switch 323 -f
Use the command: beamselector lock to lock the VSAT modem to this transponder and
stay there (until power cycle or reset application).
Note 5: Connect to the modem with Telnet and issue commands:
options show MOBILE
Check: gps_input = 2
tx power
Try to increase the tx power step by step up to max. -5 dBm, which is around
EXPLORER 8100 P1dB level. E.g. tx power -10
Examples of commands
options set SATELLITE tx_frequency 1450
options set MOBILE gps_input 2
options set MOBILE is_mobile 1
options set MOBILE tx_handshake_enabled 0
options set ODU odu_tx_10_mhz 1
options flash
If this fails then the options file is write protected!
Change disable_options_flash_command = 0 first!
options set OPTIONS_FILE disable_options_flash_command 0
reset application
Starts the VSAT modem application (soft boot)
• Notice that changing options file locally can help determine wrong settings. The settings
will probably be changed back to original settings when the VSAT modem gets
synchronized with the hub.
• Tell the NOC about the faulty settings so they can correct configuration.
98-145510-A
Appendix C: VSAT modem settings
C-11
Serial setup for iDirect iNFINITI & Evolution
C.2
Serial setup for iDirect iNFINITI & Evolution
C.2.1
Protocol and interfaces
Introduction
The following sections describe the protocol and interface between the ACU and an iDirect
Serial modem. Serial operation is normally used by service providers offering regional VSAT
service.
Connections
Connect the ACU and iDirect modem with the following cables:
• RS-232 console cable for control communication
• 75 Ohm RF cables F-F connectors for rx and tx frequencies.
Figure C-7: Connecting iDirect iNFINITI 5000 series to the ACU (Serial)
Figure C-8: Connecting iDirect Evolution X5 to the ACU (Serial)
The pin allocation for the RS-232 Console cable is shown in Table C-1 on page C-3. See also
Appendix B on page C-1 for a cable drawing.
C.2.2
Console port settings
The iDirect modem must be configured to use following console port settings:
• Baud rate: 4800 or 9600
• Data bits: 8
98-145510-A
Appendix C: VSAT modem settings
C-12
Serial setup for iDirect iNFINITI & Evolution
• Parity: None
• Stop bit: 1
Passwords
The EXPLORER 8100 ACU will log in to the modem using root and user passwords. The
default passwords are:
• Root: P@55w0rd!
• User: iDirect
Supported commands
After login to the modem the ACU will issue commands to the modem every second. The
following commands are supported by the EXPLORER 8100 ACU:
• rx snr
• options show FREQ_TRANS
• rx freq
• tx freq
• latlong <lat> <long>
The signal strength command: rx snr is issued every 2 seconds. The rest of the commands
are issued one by one every 2 seconds between each signal strength command. Meaning
each of the other commands is issued every 8 seconds.
The signal strength in the ACU display and web interface is shown as dB., e.g: 8.5 dB. The
minimum value for Internet connection is around 2-3 dB.
VSAT modem option file
The option file of the VSAT modem must also include the following information:
Section in
option file
Satellite
information
Description
Receive frequency of the transponder. Used with “rx freq” command
Transmit frequency if known otherwise just a dummy tx frequency
(e.g. 1.450 MHz). Used with “tx freq” command.
EXPLORER 8100 The modem provides RX and TX frequency information via a data
information
connection to the EXPLORER 8100.
The single-cable solution makes it possible to configure the VSAT
modem to use any LO frequency in the range from 9.6 GHz to 11.3
GHz. The EXPLORER 8100 will tune to the correct Ku-Band frequency
and provide the correct L-Band frequency to the VSAT modem.
The EXPLORER 8100 has an extended 8 Watt BUC with LO up
conversion frequency of 12.8 GHz.
Table C-6: Requirements for VSAT modem option file, Serial
98-145510-A
Appendix C: VSAT modem settings
C-13
Serial setup for iDirect iNFINITI & Evolution
Section in
option file
GPS
Description
The iDirect modem must be set to mobile unit and receive the GPS
information from the ACU with the command “latlong <lat> <long>”.
Tx handshake must be disabled in the iDirect modem.
Rx 10 MHz
The EXPLORER 8100 can work either using the Rx or Tx 10 MHz
reference signals provided by the modem or using its own built-in
10 MHz reference signal. It is recommended to use the Tx 10 MHz
reference signal from the modem. See also page 6-7 (setup of VSAT
modem profiles).
Tx 10 MHz
The EXPLORER 8100 needs the Tx 10 MHz reference signal in order to
allow TX ON.
Table C-6: Requirements for VSAT modem option file, Serial (Continued)
C.2.3
Configuration example (Serial)
Examples of modem profile and satellite configuration from the ACU web interface are
shown in the figures below.
Figure C-9: VSAT modem profile, Serial (example)
98-145510-A
Appendix C: VSAT modem settings
C-14
Serial setup for iDirect iNFINITI & Evolution
Figure C-10: Satellite profile, Serial (example)
98-145510-A
Appendix C: VSAT modem settings
C-15
COMTECH 570L
C.3
COMTECH 570L
C.3.1
Protocol and interfaces
The following sections describe how to connect the ACU to a COMTECH 570L VSAT
modem.
Protocol
The ACU supports 4800 or 9600 baud on the serial port. You can set the baud rate of the
COMTECH 570L at its front MMI.
The ACU issues the following commands on the serial interface to the COMTECH 570L
modem:
• 0000/EBN?
• 0000/TFQ?
• 0000/LLO?
• 0000/BLO?
• 0000/RFQ?
An example of the serial communication between the ACU and the COMTECH 570L
modem is shown below:
0000/EBN?
0000EBN=11.8
0000/TFQ?
0000/TFQ=1310.7956
0000/EBN?
0000/EBN=11.8
0000/LLO?
0000/LLO=10000+
0000/EBN?
0000/EBN=11.9
0000/BLO?
0000/BLO=128000000/EBN?
0000/EBN=11.8
0000/RFQ?
0000/RFQ=1367.5500
98-145510-A
Appendix C: VSAT modem settings
C-16
COMTECH 570L
Command
EBN?
Description
This command is used to show the signal strength in the web interface and
on the display of the EXPLORER 8100 to determine if the COMTECH 570L
modem is in Rx Lock.
The signal strength goes from 0dB - 16dB, +16dB indicates a signal greater
than 16dB, 99.9dB indicates no Rx Lock.
TFQ?
TFQ (Transmit Frequency) is used to calibrate the Tx chain in real time, in
order to have same output power independent of frequency, temperature
and antenna cable length.
LLO?
LLO (LNB LO) is used to set up the LNB LO frequency for the system.
All LNB LO frequencies are supported by EXPLORER 8100.
BLO?
BLO (BUC LO) is used to read the BUC LO. This makes the ADU compatible
with future VSAT products using a different BUC LO.
RFQ?
RFQ (Receive Frequency) is used as tracking frequency for VSAT.
Table C-7:
Connections
Connect the ACU and the COMTECH 570L with the following cables:
• Standard RS-232 serial cable (using 300KHz Narrow Band tracking receiver)
• Or COMTECH Serial & RSSI cable (using Modem RSSI tracking)
• 2 pcs. 75 Ohm RF cables F-F connectors for rx and tx frequencies.
Figure C-11: Connecting COMECH 570L to the ACU (example)
In most cases it is recommended to use the antenna that is built into the 300 KHz narrow
band tracking receiver to track the satellite, and you can connect the ACU to the VSAT
modem with a standard RS-232 serial cable.
For Modem RSSI tracking use a cable according to the specifications at Modem Cable
COMTECH Serial & RSSI TT7016A on page B-2 (Cobham part number: 407090A-021).
98-145510-A
Appendix C: VSAT modem settings
C-17
COMTECH 570L
C.3.2
Configuration example (COMTECH 570L)
Examples of the modem profile and satellite configuration from the ACU web interface are
shown in the figures below.
Figure C-12: VSAT modem profile, COMTECH 570L (example)
Figure C-13: Satellite profile, COMTECH 570L (example)
98-145510-A
Appendix C: VSAT modem settings
C-18
STM SatLink 2900 VSAT modem
C.4
STM SatLink 2900 VSAT modem
C.4.1
Interfaces and VSAT modem configuration
The following sections describe how to connect an ACU to an STM SatLink 2900 VSAT
modem. The STM SatLink 2900 and the EXPLORER 8100 are fully integrated and require
almost no user setup.
STM SatLink 2900 software version required: 14.2.0 or higher.
Connections
Connect the ACU and STM SatLink 2900 with the following cables:
• Ethernet cable for TCP/IP data communication. Connect LAN A on the VSAT modem to
LAN 1 on the ACU.
• 75 Ohm RF cables F-F connectors for RX and TX frequencies
Figure C-14: Connecting STM SatLink 2900 VSAT modem to the ACU
Modem configuration requirements
Type the following command in a modem console to set up the STM Satlink 2900 modem
to use the EXPLORER 8100:
odu antenna 30
odu txtype 62
odu lnb 62
To display the antenna setup for the STM Satlink 2900 modem, type:
odu antctrl show
98-145510-A
Appendix C: VSAT modem settings
C-19
STM SatLink 2900 VSAT modem
Example:
odu antctrl show
Antenna Controller Configuration
-------------------------------Type
: Thrane & Thrane EXPLORER 8100
Enabled
: All
IP address
: 10.110.2.226
Polling frequency
: 5 sec
Antenna Stability Tries : 300
Antenna Controller Status
-------------------------------Controller detected
: no
Packets sent
: 0
Packets received
: 0
C.4.2
ACU configuration
To set up the ACU to work with an STM Satlink 2900 VSAT modem, do as follows:
1. Add a modem profile with the STM Satlink 2900 modem. See VSAT modem profile –
New entry and Edit on page 6-6.
2. Add a satellite profile using the STM Satlink modem profile just created. See Satellite
profiles – New entry and Edit on page 6-7.
3. Edit the network settings and input the IP information supplied with the modem. See To
configure the LAN network on page 6-9.
4. Activate the satellite profile.
98-145510-A
Appendix C: VSAT modem settings
C-20
STM SatLink 2900 VSAT modem
C.4.3
Configuration example (STM Satlink 2900)
Examples of modem profile and satellite configuration from the ACU web interface are
shown in the figures below.
Figure C-15: VSAT modem profile, STM SatLink 2900 (example)
Figure C-16: Satellite profile, STM SatLink 2900 (example)
98-145510-A
Appendix C: VSAT modem settings
C-21
Gilat SkyEdge II VSAT modem
C.5
Gilat SkyEdge II VSAT modem
C.5.1
Interfaces and VSAT modem configuration
The following sections describe how to connect an ACU to a Gilat SkyEdgeII VSAT modem.
The Gilat SkyEdge II and the EXPLORER 8100 are fully integrated and require only little user
setup.
Connections
Connect the ACU and Gilat SkyEdge II with the following cables:
• 75 Ohm RF cables F-F connectors for RX and TX frequencies
• Serial cable for communication with the modem. Connect SERIAL on the VSAT modem
to RS-232 on the ACU.
Figure C-17: Connecting Gilat SkyEdge II VSAT modem to the ACU
Figure C-18: Connecting Gilat SkyEdge II VSAT modem (rack) to the ACU
98-145510-A
Appendix C: VSAT modem settings
C-22
Gilat SkyEdge II VSAT modem
Modem configuration requirements
1. Connect a PC with an Ethernet cable to LAN port 1 of the VSAT modem.
2. Set the PC to static IP address: 192.168.1.2
3. Start an Internet browser (e.g. Internet Explorer) and go to URL://192.168.1.1 in order to
get access to the web server of the VSAT modem.
4. Login with: User name: inst and Password: $Sat2598$
5. Go to the menu Installer.
Parameter
RF Downlink
frequency
Settings
In the section General the RF Downlink frequency is shown. Write it
down as it is going to be used for the selection of LNB LO.
Further down on the page you find the BUC and LNB LO frequencies.
LNB LO
Depending on the RF Downlink frequency select an appropriate LNB
LO of 9.75, 10.25, 10.75 or 11.25 GHz which will result in an L-band
frequency between 950 and 1650 MHz which is the operating
frequency band of the SkyEdge II Access modem.
BUC LO
Select the BUC to be 12.8 GHz as this is the BUC LO of the
EXPLORER 8100. Remember to inform the hub operator about this
when doing line up and commissioning.
The BUC 10MHz Reference Signal must be configured to ON,
BUC 10MHz
Reference Signal otherwise the EXPLORER 8100 will never allow TX. Scroll further down
to enable GPS for the Location Coordinates. This enables the serial
protocol of the modem so it can communicate with the ACU.
Table C-8: Configuration of Gilat SkyEdge II VSAT modem
6. Go to the top of the page and press the Submit button and OK to save the new
settings.
The VSAT modem is now configured to be used with the EXPLORER 8100.
C.5.2
ACU configuration
To set-up the ACU to work with a Gilat SkyEdge II VSAT modem, do as follows:
1. Add a modem profile with the Gilat SkyEdge II modem. See VSAT modem profile – New
entry and Edit on page 6-6.
2. Add a satellite profile using the Gilat SkyEdge II modem profile just created. See
Satellite profiles – New entry and Edit on page 6-7.
3. Edit the network settings and input the IP information supplied with the modem. See To
configure the LAN network on page 6-9.
4. Activate the satellite profile.
See also the configuration example in the following section.
98-145510-A
Appendix C: VSAT modem settings
C-23
Gilat SkyEdge II VSAT modem
C.5.3
Configuration example (Gilat SkyEdge II)
Examples of modem profile and satellite configuration from the ACU web MMI are shown
in the figures below.
Figure C-19: VSAT modem profile, Gilat Sky Edge II (example)
Figure C-20: Satellite profile, Gilat Sky Edge II (example)
98-145510-A
Appendix C: VSAT modem settings
C-24
Appendix D
System messages
D
This appendix has the following sections:
• Event messages – overview
• Lists of events
D.1
Event messages – overview
The EXPLORER 8100 detects events during
• POST (Power On Self Test) – a self test performed at every power-up.
• PAST (Person Activated Self test) – started in the web interface
• CM (Continuous Monitoring) – automatically performed while the system is in
operation.
When the EXPLORER 8100 detects an event that requires your action, it issues an event
message and the red Fail/Pass LED in the LED panel of the ACU is lit. As long as an event is
active, it is shown in the ACU display and the web interface (in HELPDESK > Event list or
click the event icon on the DASHBOARD).
Note
Active events and notifications are shown. As soon as the event is cleared, it is not
displayed any longer. It is then moved to the Notifications section. Notifications
are cleared after 24 hours.
State the Event ID when contacting your service partner.
The event description might contain a number of digits in brackets, e.g. (00000005). This is
supplemental information and used for service and diagnostics purposes.
98-145510-A
D-1
Lists of events
D.2
Lists of events
Note
D.2.1
Error
code (ID)
These lists include event messages for other products as well as the
EXPLORER 8100, so some of the listed event messages will never appear in the
EXPLORER 8100.
ACU events
Severity
Description
Explanation
08060-0 WARNING Antenna modem
ACU/Antenna communication error detected (framing
and parity). If the situation is persistent, check if cable
specifications comply (length and attenuation).
08061-0 WARNING VMU linux shell
password
The specified password (root) for the VSAT modem is
not accepted by the modem.
08062-0 WARNING VMU debug shell
password
The specified password (user) for the VSAT modem is
not accepted by the modem.
08063-0 ERROR
Antenna connection
The ACU has lost connection with the antenna.
08064-0 ERROR
ADM PLL lock
The intermediate frequency PLL is not in lock. Check
the 10 MHz reference signal.
08065-0 WARNING GNSS data
Missing GPS data (fix).
08066-0 WARNING Heading data
Missing heading information. Check cable and
heading provider device.
08067-0 ERROR
PCB temperature
ADM temperature too high. The ACU is not equipped
with a fan, so make sure there is compliance with the
environmental specifications.
08068-0 ERROR
PSM power
The PSM fails to provide the requested supply voltage.
0806A-0 WARNING VMU connection
The ACU has lost connection with the sat modem.
0806B-0 WARNING ROSS connection
The ACU has lost connection with the ROSS device.
0806C-0 ERROR
There is a mismatch in the frequency setup. Probably
the sat modem is not configured correctly to match
the requirements of the ACU and antenna. A common
mismatch is the absence of Rx or Tx LO parameter in
the VSAT modem.
VMU frequency setup
Table D-1: Event messages of ACU
98-145510-A
Appendix D: System messages
D-2
Lists of events
Error
code (ID)
Severity
Description
Explanation
0806D-0 ERROR
Antenna power
The antenna supply voltage is outside the allowed
limits. This could happen if the PSM fails to provide
the requested supply voltage or if the voltage
difference across the hotswap is unacceptable high.
0806E-0 ERROR
VMU 10 MHz reference The VMU Rx or Tx reference signal is not present.
Whether this error Rx or Tx reference, depends on the
users selection on the modem profile page. Make sure
VMU Rx/Tx cable is connected and that the VMU is
configured to output the RX/TX reference signal.
0806F-0 WARNING ROSS synchronization
The ACU has become out of sync with the ROSS
device, most likely because the ACU has been
replaced, or the ROSS satellite profile is new. A manual
(forced) handoff sequence must be initiated from the
ROSS, refer to the ROSS manual for the procedure.
08078-0 WARNING VMU TX frequency
invalid
VSAT modem unit provided a TX frequency of zero.
This may degrade tx performance. To remove this
warning re-configure the modem to provide the
correct tx frequency.
08100-0 ERROR
PSM low voltage (22 V)
The ADM measures a different antenna voltage than
expected. If the problem is not solved by a restart, and
the PSM is not reporting any errors, the ADM is
probably defective.
08101-0 ERROR
PSM high voltage (48 V) The ADM measures a different antenna voltage than
expected. Check for short circuit of the antenna coax
connector. If the problem is not solved by a restart,
and the PSM is not reporting any errors, the ADM is
probably defective.
08102-0 ERROR
PSM 5 V power
Internal voltage supply error of the ADM.
08103-0 ERROR
ADM hotswap
The ACU is not able to supply the correct voltage to
the antenna. Check for short circuits in coax cable and
the antenna
08104-0 ERROR
Antenna
communication
The ACU cannot communicate with the antenna.
Check cable and antenna.
08107-0 ERROR
ADM FPGA load
The ADM FPGA cannot be initialized and loaded.
08108-0 ERROR
TX Power Detector
calibration
The power detector calibration is not valid.
Table D-1: Event messages (Continued)of ACU
98-145510-A
Appendix D: System messages
D-3
Lists of events
Error
code (ID)
Severity
Description
Explanation
08109-0 ERROR
Antenna XIM data
There is a mismatch with the antenna configuration
data. Either the PCM or the VIM in the antenna are
malfunctioning or one of them has been replaced. In
the latter case, select which is the original device in
the web interface and restart the system.
0810A-0 ERROR
ADM production data
Production data has been corrupted.
0810B-0 ERROR
Antenna software
version
Some error occurred during upload of software to the
antenna, which means that the antenna software
version is not as expected. Either the software in the
ACU, does not meet the minimum version required by
the antenna, the software image in the ACU is
corrupted or the upload procedure failed because of a
communication error.
0810C-0 ERROR
File system integrity
One or more file system partitions are corrupt. You
may have lost your settings and collected statistics. If
restarting the system does not help, contact your
service partner.
08840-0 WARNING Master PLL lock
The master PLL has lost lock. Check the input
reference signal.
09000-0 ERROR
KDM 3V3 supply
Internal 3V3 voltage supply error in the KDM.
09001-0 ERROR
KDM 12V supply
Internal 12V voltage supply error in the KDM.
09002-0 ERROR
KDM display
Display hardware error in the KDM.
09010-0 ERROR
KDM link/SW version
Link to the KDM module could not be established.
Either the KDM board is malfunctioning, or - if the
system software has just been updated - the software
is too old and is not compatible with the KDM
hardware.
0B000-0 ERROR
PSM production data
Missing or invalid production data in the PSM. It
should be replaced.
0B001-0 ERROR
NMEA 2000 identifier
Missing or invalid production data in the PSM. It
should be replaced.
0B010-0 ERROR
PSM link/SW version
Link to the PSM module could not be established.
Either the PSM board is malfunctioning, or - if the
system software has just been updated - the software
is too old and is not compatible with the PSM
hardware.
Table D-1: Event messages (Continued)of ACU
98-145510-A
Appendix D: System messages
D-4
Lists of events
Error
code (ID)
Severity
Description
0B060-0 WARNING NMEA 0183 parse error
Explanation
Parse errors detected on the NMEA 0183 interface.
Check NMEA 0183 cable, signal levels etc.
Table D-1: Event messages (Continued)of ACU
D.2.2
Event ID
Antenna events
Severity
Description
Explanation
0A001-0 ERROR
Production data
Production data is invalid.
0A002-0 ERROR
XIM internal
Antenna configuration data stored in the PCM module is
invalid.
0A003-0 ERROR
XIM external
Antenna configuration data stored in the VIM/TIM
module is invalid.
0A004-0 ERROR
XIM I/X match
Antenna configuration data stored in the PCM module
does not match the configuration data stored in the
VIM/TIM module.
0A005-0 ERROR
Antenna type
The configured antenna type is not supported or
unknown.
0A006-0 ERROR
PCM FPGA load
The PCM FPGA cannot be initialised and loaded correctly.
0A007-0 ERROR
XIM FPGA load
The VIM/TIM FPGA cannot be initialised and loaded
correctly.
0A008-0 ERROR
XIM production
Production/calibration data stored in the VIM/TIM
module is invalid.
0A00A-0 ERROR
GPS initialisation
The GNSS device cannot be initialised. Check cable and
GNSS device.
0A014-0 ERROR
AMB device discovery Missing one or more of the following devices: ISM, DDM
and PMM. Check cables.
0A015-0 ERROR
Azi DDM ABS device
Cannot initialise the azimuth DDM. Info: 0x00000000:
Device not found (possible cabling problem)
0x0000bbaa: Device internal error (replace device)
aa=status, bb=state.
0A016-0 ERROR
Xel DDM ABS device
Cannot initialise the cross-elevation DDM. Info: See
0A015-0.
0A017-0 ERROR
Ele DDM ABS device
Cannot initialise the elevation DDM. Info: See 0A015-0.
Table D-2: Event messages for antenna
98-145510-A
Appendix D: System messages
D-5
Lists of events
Event ID
Severity
Description
Explanation
0A018-0 ERROR
ISM ABS device
Cannot initialise the ISM Info: 0x00000000: Device not
found (possible cabling problem)
0x000cbbaa:
Device internal error (replace device)
aa=status,
bb=state, c=calibration data error.
0A019-0 ERROR
PMM ABS device
Cannot initialise the PMM. Info: See 0A015-0.
0A01A-0 ERROR
BCM ABS device
Cannot initialise the BCM. Info: See 0A015-0.
0A01E-0 ERROR
Sensor sanity
Too many invalid values measured by the ISM during
initialization. Check for vibrations or malfunctioning ISM.
0A021-0 ERROR
Azi axis calibration
Azimuth axis zero reference not found. Check belt and
zero reference module. Info: 0x00000001: Timeout
(operation did not complete in time)
0x00000010:
Encoder or mechanical problem
0x00000020: Zero
reference not found
0x00000040: End stop not
found.
0A022-0 ERROR
Xel axis calibration
Cross-elevation axis zero reference or end stops not
found at expected locations. Check belt, zero reference
module, and end stops. Info: See 0A021-0.
0A023-0 ERROR
Ele axis calibration
Elevation axis zero reference or end stops not found at
expected locations. Check belt, zero reference module,
and end stops. Info: See 0A021-0.
0A024-0 ERROR
Pol axis calibration
Polarization axis zero reference or end stops not found at
expected locations. Check movement of the polarization
unit and the zero reference module. Info: See 0A021-0.
0A025-0 ERROR
Antenna calibration
One or more errors occurred during antenna start-up
Info: 0x00000001: Timeout (calibration did not
complete in time)
0x00000010: Azimuth axis
0x00000020: Cross-elevation axis
0x00000040:
Elevation axis
0x00000080: Polarization axis
0A028-0 ERROR
Demodulator load
The second receiver demodulator cannot be initialised
and loaded correctly.
0A029-0 ERROR
XIM PLL lock
The PLL on the VIM/TIM does not lock.
0A02B-0 ERROR
ABS software version
The ABS software version in the antenna is too old to
match the hardware requirements. Upgrade the software.
0A034-0 WARNING ACU communication
The communication link between ACU and antenna is
down.
0A035-0 WARNING ISM data valid
Sensor measurements from the ISM are invalid. This
indicates a malfunctioning ISM.
Table D-2: Event messages for antenna
98-145510-A
Appendix D: System messages
D-6
Lists of events
Event ID
Severity
Description
0A036-0 WARNING ISM data range
Explanation
Sensor measurements from the ISM are out of range.
0A037-0 WARNING GNSS communication Lost connection to the GNSS device.
0A038-0 WARNING GNSS data range
Received information from the GNSS device which is out
of range.
0A039-0 WARNING GNSS device warning
Local GNSS device warning.
0A03A-0 WARNING GNSS device error
Local GNSS device error.
0A03B-0 ERROR
Azi DDM shutdown
The azimuth motor control has detected one of the
following situations: Extreme temperature, voltage,
current or velocity. The motor was then shut down. This
is usually a temporary situation and is probably fixed by a
restart of the system.
0A03C-0 ERROR
Xel DDM shutdown
As Azi DDM shutdown but detected by the crosselevation motor control.
0A03D-0 ERROR
Ele DDM shutdown
As Azi DDM shutdown but detected by the elevation
motor control.
0A03E-0 ERROR
PMM shutdown
As Azi DDM shutdown but detected by the polarization
motor control.
0A03F-0 WARNING AMB timing
This indicates a busy situation. It may occur during
installation procedures. No user interaction is required.
0A040-0 WARNING VIM cable attn
The output power cannot be controlled correctly. Check
the Tx chain.
0A041-0 WARNING BUC voltage low
The voltage for the BUC is too low, probably caused by a
malfunctioning VIM or BUC.
0A042-0 WARNING BUC voltage high
The voltage for the BUC is too high probably caused by a
malfunctioning VIM.
0A043-0 WARNING LNB voltage low
The voltage for the LNB is too low probably caused by a
malfunctioning VIM/TIM or LNB.
0A044-0 WARNING LNB voltage high
The voltage for the LNB is too high probably caused by a
malfunctioning VIM/TIM.
0A045-0 WARNING PMM fan
The fan is not working or the tacho input from the fan is
not connected. Check fan cable and fan.
0A046-0 WARNING Antenna temperature
The temperature of the antenna is too high. Check if the
fan is working.
Table D-2: Event messages for antenna
98-145510-A
Appendix D: System messages
D-7
Lists of events
Event ID
Severity
0A047-0 ERROR
Description
VIM PLL lock
Explanation
The PLL of the VIM/TIM is out of lock. Check the 10 MHz
reference signal.
0A048-0 WARNING VIM tuner lock
The PLL of the second receiver (DVB) is out of lock. Check
the 10 MHz reference signal.
0A049-0 WARNING Azi encoder slip
A slip of the azimuth encoder has been detected. No user
interaction is required unless this is a permanent
situation. In this case the belt and encoder of the azimuth
axis must be checked.
0A04A-0 WARNING Xel encoder slip
A slip of the cross-elevation encoder has been detected.
No user interaction is required unless this is a permanent
situation. In this case the belt and encoder of the crosselevation axis must be checked.
0A04B-0 WARNING Ele encoder slip
A slip of the elevation encoder has been detected. No
user interaction is required unless this is a permanent
situation. In this case the belt and encoder of the
elevation axis must be checked.
0A04C-0 WARNING Pol encoder slip
A slip of the polarization encoder has been detected. No
user interaction is required unless this is a permanent
situation in which case the encoder of the polarization
axis must be checked.
0A04D-0 WARNING GNSS position
No position available from the GNSS device or position
too old.
0A04E-0 WARNING GNSS velocity
No velocity available from the GNSS device.
0A04F-0 WARNING Heading data
Heading information is missing in the antenna.
0A050-0 ERROR
Azi DDM
communication
Communication error between PCM and azimuth DDM.
Check SUB-D connectors and cables.
0A051-0 ERROR
Xel DDM
communication
Communication error between PCM and cross-elevation
DDM. Check SUB-D connectors and cables.
0A052-0 ERROR
Ele DDM
communication
Communication error between PCM and elevation DDM.
Check SUB-D connectors and cables
0A053-0 ERROR
ISM communication
Communication error between PCM and ISM. Check
SUB-D connectors and cables.
0A054-0 ERROR
PMM communication
Communication error between PCM and PMM. Check
SUB-D connectors and cables.
Table D-2: Event messages for antenna
98-145510-A
Appendix D: System messages
D-8
Lists of events
Event ID
Severity
Description
Explanation
0A055-0 WARNING Azi DDM warning
The azimuth motor controller has temporarily observed
an unusual situation with regards to temperature, voltage,
current or velocity. No user interaction required.
0A056-0 WARNING Xel DDM warning
The cross-elevation motor controller has temporarily
observed an unusual situation with regards to
temperature, voltage, current or velocity. No user
interaction required.
0A057-0 WARNING Ele DDM warning
The elevation motor controller has temporarily observed
an unusual situation with regards to temperature, voltage,
current or velocity. No user interaction required.
0A058-0 WARNING PMM warning
The polarization motor controller has temporarily
observed an unusual situation with regards to
temperature, voltage, current or velocity. No user
interaction required.
0A059-0 WARNING Azi cal. limits
Azimuth axis calibration result check limits exceeded.
Pointing performance may be degraded. Info:
0x00000040: End stop detected before expected limit
0x00000100: Zero width is low
0x00000200: Zero
width is high
0x00000400: Zero slack is high
0x00001000: Friction average is high
0x00002000:
Friction peak is high
0x00004000: Friction
asymmetry is high Zero width low/high: Zero reference
module placement may be incorrect. Zero slack high:
Mechanical slack may be too high. Friction average/peak
high: Mechanical friction is higher than expected. Friction
asymmetry high: Mechanical imbalance may be too high.
0A05A-0 WARNING Xel cal. limits
Cross-elevation axis calibration result check limits
exceeded. Pointing performance may be degraded. Info:
See 0A059-0.
0A05B-0 WARNING Ele cal. limits
Elevation axis calibration result check limits exceeded.
Pointing performance may be degraded. Info: See
0A059-0.
0A05C-0 WARNING Pol cal. limits
Polarization axis calibration result check limits exceeded.
Pointing performance may be degraded. Info: See
0A059-0.
0A05D-0 WARNING ISM warning
The ISM has temporarily observed an unusual situation
with regards to temperature or voltage. No user
interaction required. If repeated after cooldown and
reboot, the ISM or cables around it may be defective.
Table D-2: Event messages for antenna
98-145510-A
Appendix D: System messages
D-9
Lists of events
Event ID
Severity
Description
Explanation
0A05E-0 WARNING Low elevation
The antenna is not allowed to transmit because the
elevation is too low.
0A05F-0 WARNING Heading range
Heading data range error. External heading unit supplies
unreliable data.
0A062-0 WARNING High elevation
The antenna cannot perform acquisition in headingless
mode because the elevation is too high.
Table D-2: Event messages for antenna
98-145510-A
Appendix D: System messages
D-10
Appendix E
DVB-S satellites for Ku-Band
E
This appendix contains examples of DVB-S satellite data for the Ku-version of EXPLORER 8100.
Note
The information in this list is temporary and may have changed since the writing
of this manual.
VSAT coverage
Americas
Americas
USA
South East
Asia
Europe
Europe
Europe
Satellite
name
SatMex6
Satellite
position
RX
polarization
RX
frequency
Symbol
rate
NID
113°W
Transponder
Horizontal
12.080 GHz
25.635 MS/s 0
Backup
—
—
—
—
Transponder
Vertical
12.052 GHz
27.500MS/s
(51)
Back-up
Horizontal
12.092 GHz
27.500MS/s
(4001)
Transponder
Horizontal
11.943 GHz
20.000 MS/s (4106)
Backup
Vertical
12.016 GHz
20.000 MS/s (4106)
Transponder
Horizontal
11.676 GHz
28.800 MS/s (65535)
Backup
Horizontal
12.729 GHz
26.400 MS/s (100)
Transponder
Horizontal
11.785 GHz
30.000 MS/s 70
Backup
Vertical
12.418 GHz
28.000 MS/s 70
Transponder
Horizontal
11.623 GHz
27.500 MS/s 32
Backup
Horizontal
12.032 GHz
27.500 MS/s 2
Transponder
Vertical
11.034 GHz
27.500 MS/s 318
Back-up
Vertical
11.662 GHz
27.500 MS/s 318
Hispasat1D/1E 30°W
Echostar9
NSS6
Thor 5 T2
Astra2
Hotbird
121°W
95°E
0.8°W
28.2°E
13°E
Table E-1: Examples of DVB-S satellites for azimuth calibration
98-145510-A
E-1
Satellite
name
VSAT coverage
China
Australia
Apstar6
Satellite
position
RX
frequency
Symbol
rate
NID
134°E
Transponder
Vertical
12.435 GHz
27.500 MS/s 65
Backup
Vertical
12.675 GHz
27.500 MS/s 65
Horizontal
12.391 GHz
12.600 MS/s 0
Horizontal
12.407 GHz
12.600 MS/s 0
Horizontal
12.272 GHz
30.000 MS/s 88
Vertical
12.313 GHz
30.000 MS/s 1
Optus D1
160°E
Transponder
-45°skew
Backup
Singapore
RX
polarization
Thaicom 5
78.5°E
Singapore
Apstar 2R
(Telstar 10) /
Apstar 7
76.5°E
Vertical
11.167 GHz
45.000 MS/s 0
Osaka, Japan
KT 5
113°E
Vertical
12.430 GHz
25.6 Ms/s
0
Table E-1: Examples of DVB-S satellites for azimuth calibration (Continued)
For satellite data of other regions or transponders see www.lyngsat.com.
Example:
Figure E-1: Satellite data, example from www.lyngsat.com
The above transponder has following parameters:
• Frequency: 11.038 GHz
• Polarization: V-Vertical
• Symbol Rate: 22.000 MS/s
• NID: 1
• Coverage: Europe.
98-145510-A
Appendix E: DVB-S satellites for Ku-Band
E-2
Appendix F
Approvals
F
This appendix lists the approvals for EXPLORER 8100.
• Eutelsat
• CE
• FCC
• IC
F.1
Eutelsat
The EXPLORER 8100 is in the process of being approved by Eutelsat. The certificate will be
added to this appendix in electronic copy when ready.
CE
y
F.2
ar
The EXPLORER 8100 is in the process of being CE certified. The Declaration of Conformity
will be added to this appendix in electronic copy when ready.
in
The requirement with respect to LVD directive 2006/95/EC is met by conforming to
harmonized EU standard EN 60950.
Pr
eli
m
The protection requirement with respect to EMC directive 2004/108/EC is met by
conforming to harmonized EU standard EN 61000.
Effective use of frequency spectrum is met by conforming to harmonized standard
EN 301 489.
F.3
FCC
Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B
digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This
equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and
used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a
particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the
user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following
measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna
• Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help
98-145510-A
F-1
IC
NOTICE:
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
NOTICE:
Changes or modifications made to this equipment not expressly approved by Cobham
SATCOM may void the FCC authorization to operate this equipment.
FCC id : ROJ-7157A
IC
Pr
eli
m
in
ar
y
F.4
This device complies with Industry Canada licence-exempt RSS standard(s). Operation is
subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference, including interference that may cause
undesired operation of the device.
Le présent appareil est conforme aux CNR d'Industrie Canada applicables aux appareils
radio exempts de licence. L'exploitation est autorisée aux deux conditions suivantes :
(1) l'appareil ne doit pas produire de brouillage, et
(2) l'utilisateur de l'appareil doit accepter tout brouillage radioélectrique subi, même si le
brouillage est susceptible d'en compromettre le fonctionnement.
This Class [B] digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe [B] est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.
IC id
98-145510-A
: 6200B-7157A
Appendix F: Approvals
F-2
Glossary
Glossary
1
A
ABS
ADU Bus Slave
ACU
Antenna Control Unit
ADM
ACU Digital Module. A main processor board in the ACU.
AMB
Antenna Module Bus
B
BUC
Block Up Converter. The BUC can be thought of as the “transmitter”, and its actions are
effectively the opposite to the LNB. The BUC consists of the Up Converter and HPA.
C
CE
Conformité Européenne. This term signifies that a CE certified product conforms to
European health, environmental, and safety regulations. In short, it makes the product
legal to be sold in the European Union.
CM
Continuous Monitoring
D
DVB
Digital Video Broadcasting, a set of standards relating to digital television.
E
eTRIA
Transmit and Receive Integrated Assembly
F
FPGA
Field Programmable Gate Array
FWG
Flexible Wave Guide
G
GNSS
98-145510-A
Global Navigation Satellite System, e.g. GPS.
Glossary-1
Glossary
I
IMSO
International Mobile Satellite Organisation. An intergovernmental organisation that
oversees certain public satellite safety and security communication services provided via
the Inmarsat satellites.
K
KDM
Keyboard and Display Module of the ACU
L
LAN
Local Area Network
LNB
Low Noise Blockdown converter. A device used to amplify or boost the weak received
signal without amplifying the noise signals (hence the “low noise” part of LNB) and to
convert the high frequencies of the signal into lower frequencies, a process called down
converting, for conveyance to the indoor equipment (demodulator) for processing.
O
ODU
OutDoor Unit. The part of the system that is placed outdoors, e.g. the antenna.
OMT
Ortho Mode Transducer
P
PAST
Person Activated Self Test
POST
Power On Self Test. A system test that is activated each time the system is powered on.
R
RF
Radio Frequency. Electromagnetic wave frequencies between about 3 kHz and about 300
GHz including the frequencies used for communications signals (radio, television, cellphone and satellite transmissions) or radar signals.
S
SSID
98-145510-A
Service Set IDentifier. An SSID is the name of a wireless local area network (WLAN). All
wireless devices on a WLAN must use the same SSID in order to communicate with each
other.
Glossary-2
Glossary
W
WLAN
98-145510-A
Wireless LAN, wireless network
Glossary-3
Index
Index
Numerics
10 MHz reference, 6-7
A
access
limit, 6-18
activate satellite profile
with display and keypad, 6-24
with smartphone or tablet, 6-2
with web interface, 6-7
activation
service, 2-2
ACU display
description, 6-21
ACU rack version
connector panel, overview, 4-2
LEDs, display and keypad, 4-1
add new modem profile, 6-6
add new satellite profile, 6-7
administration
settings, 6-17
administrator
log off, 6-18
logon, web interface, 6-17
password, 6-17
password, change, 6-17
antenna
stop, 4-10, 5-4
antenna cable
check condition, 6-15
antenna positioner, 2-3
Apstar, E-2
Astra2 satellite, E-1
attenuator margin
cable calibration, 6-15
Australia satellite, E-2
B
baud rate
VSAT modem, 6-7
beam switching, C-2
BITE test, 7-7
Broadcast SSID, 6-11
98-145510-A
1
browser settings
for web interface, 7-4
C
cable calibration
attenuator margin, 6-15
service, 6-15
cable type
LAN, 4-6
calibration
satellite data, 6-8, E-1
change administrator password, 6-17
change network setting, 6-18
China satellite, E-2
commands
Serial, C-13
configuration, 6-3
copy, 6-19
export, 6-19
import, 6-19
configuration examples
Gilat SkyEdge II, C-24
OpenAMIP, C-8
Serial, C-14
STM Satlink 2900, C-21
connect
mobile web interface, 6-1
web interface, 6-3
connector
DC, 4-2
DC Input, 4-2
LAN, 4-6
management PC, 4-6
modem control, 4-6
RS-232, 4-4
RS-422, 4-4
service port, 4-6
VSAT modem, 4-4
VSAT modem Rx-Tx, 4-3
contact information, 7-1
Country
selecting for WLAN, 6-11
Index-1
Index
DC connector, 4-2
DC Input
connector, 4-2
default
reset to factory settings, 6-20
DHCP client, 6-10
DHCP server, 6-10
diagnostic report, 7-2
display
ACU, description, 6-21
description, 2-7
DVB-S satellite data, E-1
E
edit modem profile, 6-6
edit satellite profile, 6-7
elevation angle
minimum, 6-9
elevation cutoff, 6-9
emergency stop, 4-10
encryption key, 6-12
WLAN, 6-12
error codes, D-1
error messages, 7-3, D-1, D-2
ETSI
elevation angle, 6-9
events, D-1, D-2
list of active, 7-3
export configuration, 6-19
F
factory default
reset, 6-20
factory defaults
reset to, 7-3
FCC
elevation angle, 6-9
fixed position, 6-12
guest
permissions, 6-18
guest login, 6-18
Index
D
I
import configuration, 6-19
Interfaces, 4-1
IP address
for web interface, 6-1, 6-3, 7-4
OpenAMIP modem, 6-7
static, 6-10
J
Japan satellite, E-2
K
keypad
description, 2-7
L
LAN
cable type, 4-6
connector, 4-6
LAN configuration
DHCP client, 6-10
LAN connector
management, 4-6
LED, 7-7
limit access to web interface, 6-18
LO frequencies, 6-21
load
configuration, 6-19
log off
administrator, 6-18
login
guest, 6-18
logon
administrator, web interface, 6-17
G
Gilat SkyEdge II
examples, C-24
98-145510-A
Index-2
Index
management PC
connect, 4-6
messages, D-1
sent from VMU, OpenAMIP, C-4
microwave radiation, -iv
minimum elevation angle, 6-9
mobile web interface
connect, 6-1
modem
supported types, 6-7
modem connector, 4-4
modem control
connector, 4-6
modem option file
Serial, C-13
modem profile
add new, 6-6
edit, 6-6
N
notifications, 7-3
NSS6 satellite, E-1
O
OpenAMIP
setup, C-2
supported commands, C-4
OpenAMIP IP modem
IP address, 6-7
OpenAMIP keys, C-5
options file, C-5
Osaka, Japan satellite, E-2
P
password
administrator, 6-17
PAST, 7-7
Person Activated Self Test, 7-7
position
fixed, 6-12
POST, 7-7
Power On Self Test, 7-7
power supply, 2-10
98-145510-A
protect access to settings, 6-18
Proxy server, disabling, 7-4
Index
M
R
radiation, -iv
recover
software update, 7-5
reference signal, 10 MHz, 6-7
reset, 7-3
factory default, 6-20
reset keys on ACU, 7-3
RS-232
connector, 4-4
RS-422
connector, 4-4
Rx-Tx
connector, 4-3
S
safety summary, -iii
safety switch, 4-10
satellite
Apstar, E-2
Astra2, E-1
Australia, E-2
China, E-2
NSS6, E-1
Osaka, Japan, E-2
SatMex6, E-1
SES, E-1
Singapore, E-2
Telstar 10, E-2
Thaicom 5, E-2
Thor 5 T2, E-1
satellite data, E-1, E-2
calibration, 6-8
satellite profile
activate with display and keypad, 6-24
activate with smartphone or tablet, 6-2
activate with web interface, 6-7
add new, 6-7
edit, 6-7
satellite service
data rates, 2-2
SatMex6 satellite, E-1
save
configuration, 6-19
Index-3
Index
T
tablet
mobile web interface, 6-1
98-145510-A
technical data, A-1
Telstar 10, E-2
Thaicom 5, E-2
Thor 5 T2 satellite, E-1
troubleshooting
diagnostic report, 7-2
Index
security
WLAN, 6-11
security key
wireless network, 6-12
self test, 7-3
Serial
examples, C-14
setup, C-12
supported commands, C-13
service
cable calibration, 6-15
service activation, 2-2
SES satellite, E-1
setup
user permissions, 6-18
Singapore satellite, E-2
SkyEdge II, C-22
smartphone
mobile web interface, 6-1
software update, 7-4
recover, 7-5
software version, 1-1
verify, 7-6
specifications, A-1
cable Comtech VSAT modem, B-2
SSID, 6-11
static IP address, 6-10
status messages, 7-7
STM Satlink 2900
examples, C-21
STM Satlink 2900 VSAT modem
setup, C-19, C-22
Stop antenna
electronically, 5-4
switch, 4-10
stow
antenna, 5-5
antenna, manually, 7-9
support
contact information, 7-1
system
ACU reset, keys to press, 7-3
system configuration
copy, 6-19
System messages, D-1
U
updating software, 7-4
upload
configuration, 6-19
user permissions
setup, 6-18
V
VSAT modem
baud rate, 6-7
Gilat SkyEdge II, C-22
iDirect iNFINITI, C-12
iDirect INFINITI (OpenAMIP), C-2
STM Satlink 2900, C-19, C-22
supported types, 6-7
VSAT modem connector, 4-3, 4-4
VSAT modem option file
OpenAMIP, C-5
Serial, C-13
W
warning messages, D-1
warnings, 7-3, D-2
warranty, 7-14
web interface
browser settings, 7-4
connect, 6-3
for smartphone or tablet, 6-1
LAN connector, 4-6
mobile, 6-1
overview, 2-9
web mmi
LAN connector, 4-6
Wifi
encryption key, 6-12
name, 6-11
wireless local area network
name, 6-11
Index-4
Index
98-145510-A
Index
Wiring, 4-1
WLAN
country code, 6-11
encryption key, 6-12
name, 6-11
security, 6-11
setup, 6-10
WLAN access point
setup, 6-11
Index-5
98-145510-A
www.cobham.com/communications-and-connectivity/satcom
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising