Leica FlexLine plus - SCCS | Surveying Knowledge Base

Leica FlexLine plus - SCCS | Surveying Knowledge Base
Leica FlexLine plus
User Manual
Version 5.0
English
Introduction
Purchase
Congratulations on the purchase of a FlexLine plus instrument.
This manual contains important safety directions as well as instructions for setting up
the product and operating it. Refer to "1 Safety Directions" for further information.
Read carefully through the User Manual before you switch on the product.
Product identification
The model and serial number of your product are indicated on the type plate.
Always refer to this information when you need to contact your agency or Leica
Geosystems authorised service workshop.
Trademarks
• Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
• Bluetooth® is a registered trademark of Bluetooth SIG, Inc.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
Validity of this
manual
Description
General
This manual applies to TS02 plus, TS06 plus, and TS09 plus instruments. Where there are differences between the various instruments they are clearly described.
For the Tunnel application, refer to the separate manual "Leica
FlexLine plus Tunnel Application".
Telescope
• Measuring with Prism mode: When measuring distances to a
reflector with Electronic Distance Measurement (EDM) mode
"Prism", the telescope uses a wide visible red laser beam, which
emerges coaxially from the telescope's objective.
• Measuring with Non-Prism modes: Instruments that are
equipped with a reflectorless EDM additionally offer the EDM
mode "Non-Prism". When meauring distances with this EDM
mode, the telescope uses a narrow visible red laser beam, which
emerges coaxially from the telescope's objective.
 WARNING
TSOX_135
Do NOT remove the battery during operation of the instrument, or during the shutdown procedure.
This can result in a file system error and data loss!
Always switch off the instrument by pressing the On/Off key, and wait until the
instrument has shutdown completely before removing the battery.
FlexLine plus, Introduction
2
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FlexLine plus, Introduction
3
Table of Contents
In this manual
Chapter
1
Safety Directions
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
2
FlexLine plus, Table of Contents
13
15
17
17
19
20
22
22
23
24
26
26
27
28
30
31
32
33
34
34
37
38
38
39
40
Work Settings
Regional Settings
Data Settings
Screen & Audio Settings
EDM Settings
Interface Settings
41
41
43
46
47
49
53
Programs - Getting Started
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
8
8
9
9
9
10
12
12
12
Instrument Setup
Working with the Battery
Data Storage
Main Menu
Q-Survey Program
Distance Measurements - Guidelines for Correct Results
Settings
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
6
Keyboard
Screen
Status Icons
Softkeys
Operating Principles
Pointsearch
Graphic Symbols
Operation
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
5
System Components
Container Contents
Instrument Components
User Interface
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
4
General
Definition of Use
Limits of Use
Responsibilities
Hazards of Use
Laser Classification
1.6.1
General
1.6.2
Distancer, Measurements with Reflectors
1.6.3
Distancer, Measurements without Reflectors
(Non-Prism mode)
1.6.4
Red Laser Pointer
1.6.5
Electronic Guide Light EGL
1.6.6
Laser Plummet
Electromagnetic Compatibility EMC
FCC Statement, Applicable in U.S.
Description of the System
2.1
2.2
2.3
3
Page
Overview
Starting a Program
Setting the Job
Station Setup
55
55
56
57
58
4
7
Programs
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.7
7.8
7.9
7.10
7.11
7.12
7.13
7.14
7.15
FlexLine plus, Table of Contents
Common Fields
Station Setup
7.2.1
Starting
7.2.2
Measuring the target points
7.2.3
Station Setup Results
Surveying
Stakeout
Reference Line
7.5.1
Overview
7.5.2
Defining the Base Line
7.5.3
Defining the Reference Line
7.5.4
Measure Line & Offset
7.5.5
Stakeout
7.5.6
Grid Stakeout
7.5.7
Line Segmentation
Reference Arc
7.6.1
Overview
7.6.2
Defining the Reference Arc
7.6.3
Measure Line & Offset
7.6.4
Stakeout
Reference Plane
Tie Distance
Area & DTM Volume
7.9.1
Overview
7.9.2
2D / 3D Area
7.9.3
Area to Reference Plane
7.9.4
DTM Volume
7.9.5
Area Division
Remote Height
COGO
7.11.1 Starting
7.11.2 Inverse and Traverse
7.11.3 Intersections
7.11.4 Offsets
7.11.5 Line - Extension
Road 2D
Road 3D
7.13.1 Starting
7.13.2 Basic Terms
7.13.3 Creating or Uploading Alignment Files
7.13.4 Stake
7.13.5 Check
7.13.6 Stake Slope
7.13.7 Check Slope
Traverse
7.14.1 Overview
7.14.2 Starting and Configuring Traverse
7.14.3 Measuring Traverse
7.14.4 Moving ahead
7.14.5 Closing a Traverse
Tunnel
59
59
60
60
62
63
65
66
69
69
69
70
72
73
75
77
79
79
79
81
82
84
86
88
88
89
90
91
93
95
96
96
96
97
98
99
100
102
102
103
107
108
109
110
113
114
114
115
116
118
119
121
5
8
Favourites
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
8.7
9
10.5
14
Screenshot
Sketching
Image Management
Adjust
Startup Sequence
System Information
Licence Keys
Instrument Protection with PIN
Loading Software
139
139
140
141
143
144
145
Data Management
13.1
13.2
13.3
13.4
13.5
13.6
Manage
Exporting Data
Importing Data
Working with a USB Memory Stick
Working with Bluetooth
Working with Leica Instrument Tools
Check & Adjust
14.1
14.2
14.3
14.4
14.5
14.6
14.7
14.8
FlexLine plus, Table of Contents
133
133
133
133
134
134
135
135
136
137
137
137
138
Tools
12.1
12.2
12.3
12.4
12.5
12.6
13
Overview
Accessing MapView
Configuring MapView
MapView Components
10.4.1 Screen Area
10.4.2 Keys, Softkeys and Toolbar
10.4.3 Point Symbols
Selecting Points
Imaging & Sketching
11.1
11.2
11.3
12
Coding
Quick Coding
130
130
132
MapView Interactive Display Feature
10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4
11
122
122
123
123
124
126
127
128
128
129
Coding
9.1
9.2
10
Overview
Target Offset
8.2.1
Overview
8.2.2
Cylindrical Offset Subprogram
Hidden Point
Check Tie
EDM Tracking
Backsight Check
SketchPad
Overview
Preparation
Adjusting Line-of-Sight and Vertical Index Error
Adjusting the Compensator
Adjusting the Tilting Axis Error
Adjusting the Circular Level of the Instrument and Tribrach
Inspecting the Laser Plummet of the Instrument
Servicing the Tripod
146
146
147
150
152
153
154
155
155
155
156
158
159
160
161
162
6
15
mySecurity
163
16
Care and Transport
165
165
165
166
166
16.1
16.2
16.3
16.4
17
Care
Transport
Storage
Cleaning and Drying
Technical Data
17.1
17.2
17.3
17.4
17.5
17.6
17.7
17.8
Angle Measurement
Distance Measurement with Reflectors
Distance Measurement without Reflectors (Non-Prism mode)
Distance Measurement Reflector (>4.0 km)
Conformity to National Regulations
17.5.1 Products without Communication side cover
17.5.2 Products with Communication side cover
17.5.3 Dangerous Goods Regulations
General Technical Data of the Instrument
Scale Correction
Reduction Formulas
167
167
167
169
170
171
171
171
172
173
176
178
18
Software Licence Agreement
179
19
Glossary
180
Appendix A
Menu Tree
182
Appendix B
Directory Structure
184
FlexLine plus, Table of Contents
7
1
Safety Directions
1.1
General
Description
The following directions enable the person responsible for the product, and the
person who actually uses the equipment, to anticipate and avoid operational hazards.
The person responsible for the product must ensure that all users understand these
directions and adhere to them.
About Warning
Messages
Warning messages are an essential part of the safety concept of the instrument. They
appear wherever hazards or hazardous situations can occur.
Warning messages...
• make the user alert about direct and indirect hazards concerning the use of the
product.
• contain general rules of behaviour.
For the users‘ safety, all safety instructions and safety messages shall be strictly
observed and followed! Therefore, the manual must always be available to all persons
performing any tasks described here.
DANGER, WARNING, CAUTION and NOTICE are standardised signal words for identifying levels of hazards and risks related to personal injury and property damage. For
your safety, it is important to read and fully understand the following table with the
different signal words and their definitions! Supplementary safety information
symbols may be placed within a warning message as well as supplementary text.
Type
 DANGER
 WARNING
 CAUTION
NOTICE

FlexLine plus, Safety Directions
Description
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, will result in death or serious injury.
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation or an unintended
use which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury.
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation or an unintended
use which, if not avoided, may result in minor or moderate
injury.
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation or an unintended
use which, if not avoided, may result in appreciable material,
financial and environmental damage.
Important paragraphs which must be adhered to in practice as
they enable the product to be used in a technically correct and
efficient manner.
8
1.2
Definition of Use
Intended use
•
•
•
•
•
•
Measuring horizontal and vertical angles.
Measuring distances.
Recording measurements.
Visualizing the aiming direction and vertical axis.
Data communication with external appliances.
Computing by means of software.
Reasonably
forseeable misuse
•
•
•
•
•
Use of the product without instruction.
Use outside of the intended use and limits.
Disabling safety systems.
Removal of hazard notices.
Opening the product using tools, for example screwdriver, unless this is permitted
for certain functions.
Modification or conversion of the product.
Use after misappropriation.
Use of products with obvious damages or defects.
Use with accessories from other manufacturers without the prior explicit approval
of Leica Geosystems.
Deliberate dazzling of third parties.
Controlling of machines, moving objects or similar monitoring application without
additional control and safety installations.
Aiming directly into the sun.
Inadequate safeguards at the working site.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1.3
Limits of Use
Environment
Suitable for use in an atmosphere appropriate for permanent human habitation: not
suitable for use in aggressive or explosive environments.
 DANGER
Local safety authorities and safety experts must be contacted before working in
hazardous areas, or close to electrical installations or similar situations by the person
in charge of the product.
1.4
Responsibilities
Manufacturer of
the product
Leica Geosystems AG, CH-9435 Heerbrugg, hereinafter referred to as Leica Geosystems, is responsible for supplying the product, including the user manual and original
accessories, in a safe condition.
Person responsible
for the product
The person responsible for the product has the following duties:
• To understand the safety instructions on the product and the instructions in the
user manual.
• To ensure that it is used in accordance with the instructions.
• To be familiar with local regulations relating to safety and accident prevention.
• To inform Leica Geosystems immediately if the product and the application
becomes unsafe.
• To ensure that the national laws, regulations and conditions for the operation of
e.g. radio transmitters or lasers are respected.
FlexLine plus, Safety Directions
9
1.5
 CAUTION
 DANGER
 CAUTION
 WARNING
 WARNING
 CAUTION
 WARNING
Hazards of Use
Watch out for erroneous measurement results if the product has been dropped or has
been misused, modified, stored for long periods or transported.
Precautions:
Periodically carry out test measurements and perform the field adjustments indicated
in the user manual, particularly after the product has been subjected to abnormal use
as well as before and after important measurements.
Because of the risk of electrocution, it is dangerous to use poles, levelling staffs and
extensions in the vicinity of electrical installations such as power cables or electrical
railways.
Precautions:
Keep at a safe distance from electrical installations. If it is essential to work in this
environment, first contact the safety authorities responsible for the electrical installations and follow their instructions.
Be careful when pointing the product towards the sun, because the telescope functions as a magnifying glass and can injure your eyes and/or cause damage inside the
product.
Precautions:
Do not point the product directly at the sun.
During dynamic applications, for example stakeout procedures there is a danger of
accidents occurring if the user does not pay attention to the environmental conditions
around, for example obstacles, excavations or traffic.
Precautions:
The person responsible for the product must make all users fully aware of the existing
dangers.
Inadequate securing of the working site can lead to dangerous situations, for example
in traffic, on building sites and at industrial installations.
Precautions:
Always ensure that the working site is adequately secured. Adhere to the regulations
governing safety, accident prevention and road traffic.
If the accessories used with the product are not properly secured and the product is
subjected to mechanical shock, for example blows or falling, the product may be
damaged or people can sustain injury.
Precautions:
When setting up the product, make sure that the accessories are correctly adapted,
fitted, secured, and locked in position.
Avoid subjecting the product to mechanical stress.
If the product is used with accessories, for example masts, staffs, poles, you may
increase the risk of being struck by lightning.
Precautions:
Do not use the product in a thunderstorm.
FlexLine plus, Safety Directions
10
 CAUTION
 WARNING
 WARNING
 WARNING
During the transport, shipping or disposal of batteries it is possible for inappropriate
mechanical influences to constitute a fire hazard.
Precautions:
Before shipping the product or disposing of it, discharge the batteries by running the
product until they are flat.
When transporting or shipping batteries, the person in charge of the product must
ensure that the applicable national and international rules and regulations are
observed. Before transportation or shipping contact your local passenger or freight
transport company.
High mechanical stress, high ambient temperatures or immersion into fluids can cause
leakage, fire or explosions of the batteries.
Precautions:
Protect the batteries from mechanical influences and high ambient temperatures. Do
not drop or immerse batteries into fluids.
If battery terminals are short circuited e.g. by coming in contact with jewellery, keys,
metallised paper or other metals, the battery can overheat and cause injury or fire, for
example by storing or transporting in pockets.
Precautions:
Make sure that the battery terminals do not come into contact with metallic objects.
If the product is improperly disposed of, the following can happen:
• If polymer parts are burnt, poisonous gases are produced which may impair health.
• If batteries are damaged or are heated strongly, they can explode and cause
poisoning, burning, corrosion or environmental contamination.
• By disposing of the product irresponsibly you may enable unauthorised persons to
use it in contravention of the regulations, exposing themselves and third parties to
the risk of severe injury and rendering the environment liable to contamination.
• Improper disposal of silicone oil may cause environmental contamination.
Precautions:
The product must not be disposed with household waste.
Dispose of the product appropriately in accordance with the national
regulations in force in your country.
Always prevent access to the product by unauthorised personnel.
Product-specific treatment and waste management information can be downloaded
from the Leica Geosystems home page at
http://www.leica-geosystems.com/treatment or received from your Leica Geosystems
distributor.
 WARNING
Only Leica Geosystems authorised service centres are entitled to repair these products.
FlexLine plus, Safety Directions
11
1.6
Laser Classification
1.6.1
General
General
The following chapters provide instructions and training information about laser safety
according to international standard IEC 60825-1 (2014-05) and technical report IEC TR
60825-14 (2004-02). The information enables the person responsible for the product
and the person who actually uses the equipment, to anticipate and avoid operational
hazards.


According to IEC TR 60825-14 (2004-02), products classified as laser class 1,
class 2 and class 3R do not require:
• laser safety officer involvement,
• protective clothes and eyewear,
• special warning signs in the laser working area
if used and operated as defined in this User Manual due to the low eye hazard
level.
National laws and local regulations could impose more stringent instructions
for the safe use of lasers than IEC 60825-1 (2014-05) and IEC TR 60825-14
(2004-02).
1.6.2
Distancer, Measurements with Reflectors
General
The EDM module built into the product produces a visible laser beam which emerges
from the telescope objective.
The laser product described in this section is classified as laser class 1 in accordance
with:
• IEC 60825-1 (2014-05): “Safety of laser products”
These products are safe under reasonably foreseeable conditions of operation and are
not harmful to the eyes provided that the products are used and maintained in accordance with this User Manual.
Description
Value
Value
Wavelength
658 nm
658 nm
Pulse duration
400 ps
800 ps
Pulse repetition frequency
320 MHz
100 MHz
Maximum average radiant power
0.33 mW
0.34 mW
Beam divergance
1.5 mrad x 3 mrad
1.5 mrad x 3 mrad
Labelling
a
001918_003
FlexLine plus, Safety Directions
a) Laser beam
12
1.6.3
Distancer, Measurements without Reflectors (Non-Prism mode)
General
The EDM module built into the product produces a visible laser beam which emerges
from the telescope objective.
The laser product described in this section is classified as laser class 3R in accordance
with:
• IEC 60825-1 (2014-05): “Safety of laser products”
Direct intrabeam viewing may be hazardous (low eye hazard level), in particular for
deliberate ocular exposure. The beam may cause dazzle, flash-blindness and afterimages, particularly under low ambient light conditions. The risk of injury for laser
class 3R products is limited because of:
a) unintentional exposure would rarely reflect worst case conditions of (e.g.) beam
alignment with the pupil, worst case accommodation,
b) inherent safety margin in the maximum permissible exposure to laser radiation
(MPE)
c) natural aversion behaviour for exposure to bright light for the case of visible
radiation.
Description
 CAUTION
 CAUTION
Value
Value
(R500)
(R500/R1000)
Wavelength
658 nm
658 nm
Maximum average radiant power
4.8 mW
4.8 mW
Pulse duration
400 ps
800 ps
Pulse repetition frequency
320 MHz
100 MHz
Beam divergence
0.2 mrad x 0.3 mrad
0.2 mrad x 0.3 mrad
NOHD (Nominal Ocular Hazard
Distance) @ 0.25 s
46 m
44 m
From a safety perspective, class 3R laser products should be treated as potentially
hazardous.
Precautions:
1) Prevent direct eye exposure to the beam.
2) Do not direct the beam at other people.
Potential hazards are not only related to direct beams but also to reflected beams
aimed at reflecting surfaces such as prisms, windows, mirrors, metallic surfaces, etc.
Precautions:
1) Do not aim at areas that are essentially reflective, such as a mirror, or which could
emit unwanted reflections.
2) Do not look through or beside the optical sight at prisms or reflecting objects when
the laser is switched on, in laser pointer or distance measurement mode. Aiming at
prisms is only permitted when looking through the telescope.
FlexLine plus, Safety Directions
13
Labelling
001919_003
Type: TS0X
Art.No.:
Equip.No.: 1234567
Power: ..V
..W max
123456
Leica Geosystems AG
CH-9435 Heerbrugg
Manufactured: 20XX
Made in Switzerland
123456
S.No.:
Complies with FDA performance standards for laser products except for
deviations pursuant to Laser Notice No. 50, dated June 24, 2007.
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) This device must accept any interference received, including interference
that may cause undesired operation.
Pav = 4.8mW λ = 660nm tp = 400ps
IEC 60825-1:2014
009328_001
FlexLine plus, Safety Directions
14
1.6.4
Red Laser Pointer
General
The laser pointer built into the product produces a visible red laser beam which
emerges from the telescope objective.
The laser product described in this section is classified as laser class 3R in accordance
with:
• IEC 60825-1 (2014-05): “Safety of laser products”
Direct intrabeam viewing may be hazardous (low eye hazard level), in particular for
deliberate ocular exposure. The beam may cause dazzle, flash-blindness and afterimages, particularly under low ambient light conditions. The risk of injury for laser
class 3R products is limited because of:
a) unintentional exposure would rarely reflect worst case conditions of (e.g.) beam
alignment with the pupil, worst case accommodation,
b) inherent safety margin in the maximum permissible exposure to laser radiation
(MPE)
c) natural aversion behaviour for exposure to bright light for the case of visible
radiation.
 CAUTION
 CAUTION
Description
Value (R400/R1000)
Wavelength
658 nm
Maximum average radiant power
4.8 mW
Pulse duration
800 ps
Pulse repetition frequency (PRF)
100 MHz
Beam divergence
0.2 mrad x 0.3 mrad
NOHD (Nominal Ocular Hazard Distance) @ 0.25s
44 m / 144 ft
From a safety perspective, class 3R laser products should be treated as potentially
hazardous.
Precautions:
1) Prevent direct eye exposure to the beam.
2) Do not direct the beam at other people.
Potential hazards are not only related to direct beams but also to reflected beams
aimed at reflecting surfaces such as prisms, windows, mirrors, metallic surfaces, etc.
Precautions:
1) Do not aim at areas that are essentially reflective, such as a mirror, or which could
emit unwanted reflections.
2) Do not look through or beside the optical sight at prisms or reflecting objects when
the laser is switched on, in laser pointer or distance measurement mode. Aiming at
prisms is only permitted when looking through the telescope.
FlexLine plus, Safety Directions
15
Labelling
001919_003
Type: TS0X
Art.No.:
Equip.No.: 1234567
Power: ..V
..W max
123456
Leica Geosystems AG
CH-9435 Heerbrugg
Manufactured: 20XX
Made in Switzerland
123456
S.No.:
Complies with FDA performance standards for laser products except for
deviations pursuant to Laser Notice No. 50, dated June 24, 2007.
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) This device must accept any interference received, including interference
that may cause undesired operation.
Pav = 4.8mW λ = 660nm tp = 400ps
IEC 60825-1:2014
009328_001
FlexLine plus, Safety Directions
16
1.6.5
Electronic Guide Light EGL
General
The Electronic Guide Light built into the product produces a visible LED beam which
emerges from the front side of the telescope.

The product described in this section, is excluded from the scope of
IEC 60825-1 (2014-05): “Safety of laser products”.
The product described in this section, is classified as exempt group in accordance with IEC 62471 (2006-07) and does not pose any hazard provided that
the product is used and maintained in accordance with this user manual.
a
b
001921_002
a) LED beam red
b) LED beam yellow
1.6.6
Laser Plummet
General
The laser plummet built into the product produces a visible red laser beam which
emerges from the bottom of the product.
The laser product described in this section is classified as laser class 2 in accordance
with:
• IEC 60825-1 (2014-05): “Safety of laser products”
These products are safe for momentary exposures but can be hazardous for deliberate
staring into the beam. The beam may cause dazzle, flash-blindness and after-images,
particularly under low ambient light conditions.
 CAUTION
Description
Value
Wavelength
640 nm
Maximum average radiant power
0.95 mW
Pulse duration
10 ms - cw
Pulse repetition frequency (PRF)
1 kHz
Beam divergance
<1.5 mrad
From a safety perspective, class 2 laser products are not inherently safe for the eyes.
Precautions:
1) Avoid staring into the beam or viewing it through optical instruments.
2) Avoid pointing the beam at other people or at animals.
FlexLine plus, Safety Directions
17
Labelling
b
a
001923_002
a) Laser beam
b) Exit for laser beam
FlexLine plus, Safety Directions
18
1.7
Electromagnetic Compatibility EMC
Description
The term Electromagnetic Compatibility is taken to mean the capability of the product
to function smoothly in an environment where electromagnetic radiation and electrostatic discharges are present, and without causing electromagnetic disturbances to
other equipment.
 WARNING
 CAUTION
 CAUTION
 CAUTION
Bluetooth
 WARNING
Electromagnetic radiation can cause disturbances in other equipment.
Although the product meets the strict regulations and standards which are in force in
this respect, Leica Geosystems cannot completely exclude the possibility that other
equipment may be disturbed.
There is a risk that disturbances may be caused in other equipment if the product is
used with accessories from other manufacturers, for example field computers,
personal computers or other electronic equipment, non-standard cables or external
batteries.
Precautions:
Use only the equipment and accessories recommended by Leica Geosystems. When
combined with the product, they meet the strict requirements stipulated by the guidelines and standards. When using computers or other electronic equipment, pay attention to the information about electromagnetic compatibility provided by the manufacturer.
Disturbances caused by electromagnetic radiation can result in erroneous measurements.
Although the product meets the strict regulations and standards which are in force in
this respect, Leica Geosystems cannot completely exclude the possibility that the
product may be disturbed by intense electromagnetic radiation, for example, near
radio transmitters, two-way radios or diesel generators.
Precautions:
Check the plausibility of results obtained under these conditions.
If the product is operated with connecting cables attached at only one of their two
ends, for example external supply cables, interface cables, the permitted level of electromagnetic radiation may be exceeded and the correct functioning of other products
may be impaired.
Precautions:
While the product is in use, connecting cables, for example product to external battery,
product to computer, must be connected at both ends.
Use of product with Bluetooth:
Electromagnetic radiation can cause disturbances in other equipment, in installations,
in medical devices, for example pacemakers or hearing aids and in aircraft. It can also
affect humans and animals.
Precautions:
Although the product meets in combination with radio or digital cellular phone devices
recommended by Leica Geosystems the strict regulations and standards which are in
force in this respect, Leica Geosystems cannot completely exclude the possibility that
other equipment may be disturbed or that humans or animals may be affected.
• Do not operate the product with radio or digital cellular phone devices in the vicinity
of filling stations or chemical installations, or in other areas where an explosion
hazard exists.
• Do not operate the product with radio or digital cellular phone devices near to
medical equipment.
• Do not operate the product with radio or digital cellular phone devices in aircraft.
FlexLine plus, Safety Directions
19
1.8

 WARNING
 WARNING
Labelling
FlexLine plus
instrument
FCC Statement, Applicable in U.S.
The greyed paragraph below is only applicable for products without radio.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B
digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC rules.
These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation.
This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not
installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference
to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not
occur in a particular installation.
If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception,
which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged
to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by Leica Geosystems for compliance
could void the user's authority to operate the equipment.
Type: TS0X
Art.No.:
Equip.No.: 1234567
Power: ..V
..W max
123456
Leica Geosystems AG
CH-9435 Heerbrugg
Manufactured: 20XX
Made in Switzerland
123456
S.No.:
Complies with FDA performance standards for laser products except for
deviations pursuant to Laser Notice No. 50, dated June 24, 2007.
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) This device must accept any interference received, including interference
that may cause undesired operation.
Pav = 4.8mW λ = 660nm tp = 400ps
IEC 60825-1:2014
009328_001
FlexLine plus, Safety Directions
20
Labelling Internal
Battery GEB212,
GEB222
008611_001
008610_001
FlexLine plus, Safety Directions
21
2
Description of the System
2.1
System Components
Main components
c
TSOX_001
a
Flex
Office
b
a) FlexLine plus instrument
with FlexField plus firmware
b) Computer with Instrument
Tools software
c) Data transfer
Component
Description
FlexLine plus
instrument
An instrument for measuring, calculating and capturing data. Ideally
suited for tasks from simple surveys to complex applications.
Equipped with a FlexField plus firmware package to complete these
tasks.
The various lines have a range of accuracy classes and support
different features. All lines can be connected with Instrument Tools
to view, exchange and manage data.
Two different telescopes are available. The symbols used in this
manual are:
Ergofocus (Type 3)
Finefocus (Type 2)
FlexField plus
firmware
The firmware package installed on the instrument. Consists of a
standard base operating system with optional additional features.
Instrument
An office software consisting of a suite of standard and extended
Tools software programs for the viewing, exchanging, managing and post
processing of data.
Data transfer
Data can be always transferred between a FlexLine plus instrument
and a computer via a data transfer cable.
For instruments equipped with a Communication side cover data can
also be transferred via USB memory stick, USB cable, or Bluetooth.
FlexLine plus, Description of the System
22
2.2
Container contents
part 1 of 2
Container Contents
a b c
d
e
f
g
h
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
Instrument
GEV267 data cable (USB-RS232)*
GLI115 clip-on bubble*
GHT196 holder for height metre*
CPR105 flat prism*
GHM007 height metre*
Protective cover / Lens hood / Cleaning
cloth
h) GEV223 data cable (USB-mini USB) for instruments with a Communication
side cover*
i) GMP111 mini prism*
i
TS0X_069a
Container contents
part 2 of 2
j
l
* Optional
k
m
no
FlexLine plus, Description of the System
p
q
r
s t
j) Adjustment tools
k) GFZ3 diagonal eyepiece*
l) GEB211/GEB212/GEB221/GEB222
batteries*
m) GKL211 battery charger*
n) GAD105 flat or mini prism adapter*
o) MS1 Leica industrial grade USB
memory stick - for instruments with a
Communication side cover*
p) GEB212/GEB211/GEB221/GEB222
battery*
q) Tip for mini prism pole*
r) Counterweight for diagonal eyepiece*
s) Manuals* and USB documentation card
t) GLS115 mini prism pole*
* Optional
23
2.3
Instrument Components
Instrument
components
part 1 of 2
ab
c d
(Ergofocus
telescope)
002724_002
ef g
h
Instrument
components
part 2 of 2
a) Optical sight
b) Detachable carrying handle with
mounting screw
c) Objective with integrated Electronic
Distance Measurement (EDM). Exit for
EDM laser beam
d) Vertical drive
e) On/Off key
f) Trigger key
g) Horizontal drive
h) Display
i) Second keyboard*; identical to first
keyboard
* Optional for TS02 plus
i
j
002725_002
l
m
n
FlexLine plus, Description of the System
o
k
p
j) Focusing telescope image
k) Eyepiece; focusing graticule
l) Battery cover
m) Serial interface RS232
n) Foot screw
o) Display
p) Keyboard
24
Instrument
components
part 1 of 2
a
cd e
b
f
g
(Finefocus
telescope)
h i
TSOX_009a
j
k
Instrument
components
part 2 of 2
l
001947_002
Communication side
cover
n
o
a) Compartment for USB memory stick and
USB cable ports
b) Bluetooth antenna
c) Optical sight
d) Detachable carrying handle with
mounting screw
e) Electronic Guide Light (EGL)*
f) Objective with integrated Electronic
Distance Measurement (EDM). Exit for
EDM laser beam
g) Vertical drive
h) On/Off key
i) Trigger key
j) Horizontal drive
k) Second keyboard**; identical to first
keyboard
* Optional for TS06 plus
** Optional for TS06 plus/TS09 plus
p
q
m
r
s
l) Focusing telescope image
m) Eyepiece; focusing graticule
n) Battery cover
o) Serial interface RS232
p) Foot screw
q) Display
r) Keyboard, model may vary depending
on instrument
s) Stylus
A Communication side cover is included for TS06 plus/TS09 plus.
a
b
c
d
e
TSOX_130
FlexLine plus, Description of the System
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
Bluetooth antenna
Compartment lid
USB memory stick cap storage
USB host port
USB device port
25
3
User Interface
3.1
Keyboard
Keyboard
Color&Touch keyboard
Alphanumeric keyboard
a
a
ABC
DEF
GHI
7
8
9
JKL
MNO
PQR
4
5
6
STU
VWX
YZ
1
2
3
/$%
_@&
*?!
0
.
OK
F1
F2
F3
F4
f
f
d
b
c
e
b
c
d
e
TSOX_010
g
TSOX_139
Standard keyboard
a
b
c
d
e
TSOX_011
Keys
Key
B&W
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
Fixed keys
Navigation key
ENTER key
ESC key
Function keys F1 to F4
Alphanumeric keypad
Stylus
Description
C&T
Tab on
screen
Page key. Displays the next screen when several screens are
available.
FNC/Favourites key. Quick-access to measurement
supporting functions.
User key 1. Programmable with a function from the Favourites menu.
User key 2. Programmable with a function from the Favourites menu.
Navigation key. Controls the focus bar within the screen and
the entry bar within a field.
OK
ENTER key. Confirms an entry and continues to the next field.
When this key is pressed for three seconds, the instrument
turns off.
ESC key. Quits a screen or edit mode without saving changes.
Returns to next higher level.
Pressing ESC short: Returns to next higher level. Quits a
screen or edit mode without saving changes.
Pressing ESC long: Returns to the Main Menu. Quits a screen
or edit mode without saving changes.
FlexLine plus, User Interface
26
Key
Description
B&W
,
C&T
,
,
F1
F3
,
,
F2
,
F4
Function keys that are assigned the variable functions
displayed at the bottom of the screen.
Alphanumeric keypad for entry of text and numerical values.
Sidecover keys
Key
Description
On / Off key. Switches the instrument on or off.
Trigger key. Quick key programmable with functions Meas or Dist if desired.
TS06 plus/TS09 plus: Programmable with both of the functions.
TS02 plus: Programmable with one of the functions.
The trigger key can be programmed in the Settings screen. Refer to "5.1
Work Settings".
3.2
Screen
Screen
The instruments are available with Black&White (B&W) or with Color&Touch (C&T)
display.

All screens shown in this manual are examples. It is possible that local firmware
versions are different to the basic version.
Black&White screen:
a
b
c
d
e
S_TSOX_001
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
Title of screen
Focus in screen. Active field
Status icons
Fields
Softkeys
Color&Touch screen:
a
b
c
a) Status icons
b) Title of screen
c) Focus in screen. Active field
d) Fields
e
e) Softkeys
Tap on an icon, field or tab to run a function.
d
002873_002

FlexLine plus, User Interface
27
3.3
Status Icons
Description
The icons provide status information related to basic instrument functions. Depending
on the display type, different icons are displayed.
Icons
Icon
B&W
Description
C&T
Non-prism EDM mode for measuring to all targets.
For C&T: Tapping the icon opens the EDM Settings screen.
Leica standard prism is selected.
For C&T: Tapping the icon opens the EDM Settings screen.
Leica mini prism is selected.
For C&T: Tapping the icon opens the EDM Settings screen.
Leica mini 0 prism is selected.
For C&T: Tapping the icon opens the EDM Settings screen.
Leica 360° prism is selected.
For C&T: Tapping the icon opens the EDM Settings screen.
Leica 360° mini prism is selected.
For C&T: Tapping the icon opens the EDM Settings screen.
Leica 360° MPR122 prism is selected.
For C&T: Tapping the icon opens the EDM Settings screen.
Leica reflector tape is selected.
For C&T: Tapping the icons opens the EDM Settings screen.
User defined prism is selected.
For C&T: Tapping the icons opens the EDM Settings screen.
-
Indicates EDM measurement activity.
For C&T: Tapping the icons opens the EDM Settings screen.
-
Indicates an active laser pointer.
For C&T: Tapping the icon opens the EDM Settings screen.
Indicates that Meas. Mode: Average is active.
Indicates telescope position in face I.
For C&T: Tapping the icon opens the Level & Plummet screen.
Indicates telescope position in face II.
For C&T: Tapping the icon opens the Level & Plummet screen.
Compensator is on. For C&T: Tapping the icon opens the Level
& Plummet screen.
Compensator is off.
For C&T: Tapping the icon opens the Level & Plummet screen.
Compensator out of range.
For C&T: Tapping the icon opens the Level & Plummet screen.
Keypad is set to numeric mode. Displayed when an editable
field is highlighted.
For C&T: Tapping the icon switches to alphanumeric mode.
Keypad is set to alphanumeric mode. Displayed when an editable field is highlighted.
For C&T: Tapping the icon switches to numeric mode.
RS232 communication port is selected.
For C&T: Tapping the icon opens the Interface Settings
screen.
FlexLine plus, User Interface
28
Icon
B&W
Description
C&T
Bluetooth communication port is selected. If there is a cross
beside the icon, the Bluetooth communication port is
selected, but the status is inactive.
For C&T: Tapping the icon opens the Interface Settings
screen.
USB communication port is connected.
For C&T: Tapping the icon opens the Interface Settings
screen.
USB communication port is disconnected.
For C&T: Tapping the icon opens the Interface Settings
screen.
Communication is set to auto detect.
For C&T: Tapping the icon opens the Interface Settings
screen.
The battery symbol indicates the level of the remaining
battery capacity, 100% full shown in the example.
For C&T: Tapping the icon opens the Info screen.
Offset is active.
-
-
FlexLine plus, User Interface
Indicates that horizontal angle is set to left side angle measurement (anticlockwise).
To take a screenshot from the current screen. The screenshot
is displayed and can be edited by sketching. The screenshot
can be linked with stations or points manually.
29
3.4
Softkeys
Description
Softkeys are selected using the relevant F1 to F4 function key. This chapter describes
the functionality of the common softkeys used by the system. The more specialised
softkeys are described where they appear in the program chapters.
Common softkey
functions
Key
Description
Cont
If entry screen: Confirms measured or entered values and continues the
process.
If message screen: Confirms message and continues with selected action
or returns to the previous screen to reselect an option.
Back
To return to the last active screen.
Default
To reset all editable fields to their default values.
Dist
To start distance and angle measurements without saving the measured
values.
EDM
To view and change EDM settings. Refer to "5.5 EDM Settings".
ENH
To open the manual coordinate entry screen.
Find
To search for an entered point.
Input
TS02 plus: To activate alphanumerical softkeys for text entry.
List
To display the list of available points.
Meas
To start distance and angle measurements and save the measured values.
Quit
To exit the screen or program.
Store
To save the displayed values.
View
To display the coordinate and job details of the selected point.
-> ABC
To change the keypad operation to alphanumerical.
-> 345
To change the keypad operation to numerical.
To display the next softkey level.
To return to the first softkey level.
FlexLine plus, User Interface
30
3.5
Operating Principles
Turn instrument
on/off
• To turn the instrument on or off, use the
On/Off key on the side cover of the
instrument.
• Alternatively, the instrument can be turned off by pressing the /
key for three
seconds.
OK
Selection of
language
After switching on the instrument the user is able to choose their preferred language.
The language choice screen is only shown if multiple languages are loaded onto the
instrument and Lang.Choice: On is set in the instrument settings. Refer to "5.2
Regional Settings".
Alphanumeric
keypad
The alphanumerical keypad is used to enter characters directly into editable fields.
• Numeric fields: Can only contain numerical values. By pressing a key of the keypad
the number will be displayed.
• Alphanumeric fields: Can contain numbers and letters. By pressing a key of the
keypad the first character written above that key will be displayed. By pressing
several times you can toggle through the characters.
For example: 1->S->T->U->1->S....
Standard keyboard
To enter characters using a standard keypad, select Input and the softkeys will change
to represent the alphanumerical characters available in edit mode. Select the appropriate softkey for entry of the character.
Edit fields

B&W
ESC Deletes any change and restores the previous value.
C&T
Moves the cursor to the left
OK
Moves the cursor to the right.
OK
Inserts a character at the cursor position.
OK
Deletes the character at the cursor position.
OK

Special characters
In edit mode the position of the decimal place cannot be changed. The decimal place
is skipped.
Character
Description
*
Used as wildcards in search fields for point numbers or codes. Refer to
"3.6 Pointsearch".
+/-
In the alphanumeric character set "+" and "-" are treated as normal
alphanumeric characters with no mathematical function.

"+" / "-" only appear in front of an entry.
In this example selecting 2 on an alphanumeric keyboard would start the Survey
program.
FlexLine plus, User Interface
31
3.6
Pointsearch
Description
Pointsearch is a function used by programs to find measured points or fixpoints in the
memory storage.
It is possible to limit the point search to a particular job or to search the whole storage.
The search procedure always finds fixpoints before measured points that fulfil the
same search criteria. If several points meet the search criteria, then the results are
ordered according to the entry date. The instrument finds the most recent fixpoint
first.
Direct search
By entering an actual point number, for example 402, and pressing Find, all points
within the selected job and with the corresponding point number are found.
Find
To search for matching points within
the selected job.
ENH=0
To set all ENH coordinates for the point
ID to 0.
Wildcard search
The wildcard search is indicated by a "*". The asterisk is a place holder for any
following sequence of characters. Wildcards should be used if the point number is not
fully known, or to search for a batch of points.
Examples of point
searches
* All points are found.
A All points with exactly the point number "A" are found.
A* All points starting with "A" are found, for example, A9, A15, ABCD, A2A.
*1 All points containing only one "1" are found, for example, 1, A1, AB1.
A*1 All points starting with "A" and containing only one "1" are found, for example,
A1, AB1, A51.
FlexLine plus, User Interface
32
3.7
Graphic Symbols
Graphic symbols
In some programs, a graphical display is shown. The graphical display
• provides a guide to find the point to be staked out.
• allows for a better overall understanding of how the data being used and measured relates to each other.
Element
Description
Point to be staked / known point
Instrument
/
Current position of prism (measurement with Dist)
Forward/backwards distance to point
/
/
/
Side distance to point
Height distance to point
The stakeout point is the same as the measured point. The difference
between stakeout point and measured point is 0.03 m.
Circle around the stake out point, supporting the detail view, radius =
0.5 m
Fixpoint
Station
Centre point of an arc or circle
Measured point
Black squares around the point symbol indicate the plane points.
New point
Reference line/arc, straight, curve or spiral from start point to end point
Extension of reference line/arc, straight, curve or spiral
Perpendicular distance to the reference line/arc, straight, curve or spiral
Boundary of an area
Connection between last measured/selected point and first point of an
area
Boundary of breaklines
Breaklines of an area
FlexLine plus, User Interface
33
4
Operation
4.1
Instrument Setup
Description
This topic describes an instrument setup over a marked ground point using the laser
plummet. It is always possible to set up the instrument without the need for a marked
ground point.

Important features
• It is always recommended to shield the instrument from direct sunlight and avoid
uneven temperatures around the instrument.
• The laser plummet described in this topic is built into the vertical axis of the instrument. It projects a red spot onto the ground, making it appreciably easier to centre
the instrument.
• The laser plummet cannot be used with a tribrach equipped with an optical
plummet.

Tripod
When setting up the tripod pay attention to
ensuring a horizontal position of the tripod
plate. Slight corrections of inclination can
be made with the foot screws of the
tribrach. Larger corrections must be done
with the tripod legs.
TSOX_012b
Loosen the clamping screws on the tripod
legs, pull out to the required length and
tighten the clamps.
a
TSOX_012a
a) In order to guarantee a firm foothold
sufficiently press the tripod legs into the
ground.
b) When pressing the legs into the ground
note that the force must be applied along
the legs.
b
Careful handling of tripod.
• Check all screws and bolts for correct fit.
• During transport, always use the cover
supplied.
• Use the tripod only for surveying tasks.
TSOX_012c
FlexLine plus, Operation
34
Setup step-by-step
7
2
3
6
1
1
1
5
5
4
5
TSOX_013
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Level up with the
electronic level
step-by-step
Extend the tripod legs to allow for a comfortable working posture. Position the
tripod over the marked ground point, centring it as best as possible.
Fasten the tribrach and instrument onto the tripod.
Turn on the instrument, and, if tilt correction is set to On, the laser plummet will
be activated automatically, and the Level & Plummet screen appears. Otherwise, press the FNC/Favourites key from within any program and select Level &
Plummet.
Move the tripod legs (1) and use the tribrach footscrews (6) to centre the
plummet (4) over the ground point.
Adjust the tripod legs (5) to level the circular level (7).
By using the electronic level, turn the tribrach footscrews (6) to precisely level
the instrument. Refer to "Level up with the electronic level step-by-step".
Centre the instrument precisely over the ground point by shifting the tribrach
on the tripod plate (2).
Repeat steps 6. and 7. until the required accuracy is achieved.
The electronic level can be used to precisely level up the instrument using the footscrews of the tribrach.
1. Turn the instrument until it is parallel to two footscrews.
2. Centre the circular level approximately by turning the footscrews of the tribrach.
3. Turn on the instrument, and, if tilt correction is set to On, the laser plummet will
be activated automatically, and the Level & Plummet screen appears. Otherwise,
press the FNC/Favourites key from within any program and select Level &
Plummet.
The bubble of the electronic level and the arrows for the rotating direction
of the footscrews only appear if the instrument tilt is inside a certain levelling range.
4. Centre the electronic level of the first axis by
turning the two footscrews. Arrows show
the direction of rotation required. The first
axis is levelled, when the bubble is exactly
between the squared brackets [] of the
single axis bubble tube.


FlexLine plus, Operation
When levelled correctly, checkmarks are displayed. For the Color&Touch
display only: If the instrument is not levelled to one axis, then the icons for
the single axis bubble tube and the circular bubble are framed red, else
they are black.
35
5. Centre the electronic level for the second
axis by turning the last footscrew. An arrow
shows the direction of rotation required.

When all three bubbles are centred,
the instrument has been perfectly
levelled up.
6. Accept with Cont.
Change the
intensity of the
laser plummet
External influences and the surface conditions may require the adjustment of the
intensity of the laser plummet.
In the Level & Plummet screen, adjust the
intensity of the laser plummet using the
navigation key.
The laser can be adjusted in 20% steps as
required.
Position over pipes
or holes
Under some circumstances the laser dot is
not visible, for example over pipes. In this
case, using a transparent plate enables the
laser dot to be seen and then easily aligned
to the centre of the pipe.
TSOX_014
FlexLine plus, Operation
36
4.2

Working with the Battery
Charging / first-time use
• The battery must be charged prior to using it for the first time because it is delivered with an energy content as low as possible.
• For new batteries or batteries that have been stored for a long time (> three
months), it is effectual to make only one charge/discharge cycle.
• The permissible temperature range for charging is between 0°C to +40°C/+32°F to
+104°F. For optimal charging we recommend charging the batteries at a low
ambient temperature of +10°C to +20°C/+50°F to +68°F if possible.
• It is normal for the battery to become warm during charging. Using the chargers
recommended by Leica Geosystems, it is not possible to charge the battery if the
temperature is too high.
Operation / discharging
• The batteries can be operated from -20°C to +50°C/-4°F to +122°F.
• Low operating temperatures reduce the capacity that can be drawn; very high operating temperatures reduce the service life of the battery.
• For Li-Ion batteries, we recommend carrying out a single discharging and charging
cycle when the battery capacity indicated on the charger or on a Leica Geosystems
product deviates significantly from the actual battery capacity available.
Change the battery
step-by-step
Open the battery compartment (1) and
remove the battery holder (2).
3
1
Remove the battery from the battery
holder (3).
2
TSOX_015
Insert the new battery into the battery
holder (4), ensuring that the contacts are
facing outward. The battery should click
into position.
4
6
5
Insert the battery holder back into the
battery compartment (5) and turn the
knob to lock the battery holder in place
(6).
TSOX_016

The polarity of the battery is displayed inside the battery housing.
FlexLine plus, Operation
37
4.3
Data Storage
Description
An internal memory is included in all instruments. The FlexField plus firmware stores
all data in jobs in a database in the internal memory. Data can then be transferred to
a computer or other device for post processing via a LEMO cable connected to the
serial interface RS232 port.
For instruments fitted with a Communication side cover, data can also be transferred
from the internal memory to a computer or other device via:
• a USB memory stick inserted into the USB host port,
• a USB cable connected to the USB device port, or
• via a Bluetooth connection.
Refer to "13 Data Management" for further information on data management and
data transfer.
4.4
Main Menu
Description
The Main Menu is the starting place for accessing all functionality of the instrument.
It is displayed immediately after the Level & Plummet screen, after switching on the
instrument.

If desired, the instrument can be configured to start in a user-defined place after the
Level/Plummet screen, instead of the Main Menu. Refer to "12.2 Startup Sequence".
Main Menu
Description of the Main Menu functions
Function
Q-Survey
Description
Quick Survey program to begin measuring immediately. Refer to "4.5
Q-Survey Program".
To select and start programs. Refer to "7 Programs".
Programs
Manage
To manage jobs, data, codelists, formats, system memory and USB
memory stick files. Refer to "13 Data Management".
To export and import data. Refer to "13.2 Exporting Data".
Transfer
Settings
Tools
FlexLine plus, Operation
To change EDM configurations, communication parameters and general
instrument settings. Refer to "5 Settings".
To access instrument-related tools such as check and adjust, personal
startup settings, PIN code settings, licence keys, system information
and firmware upload. Refer to "12 Tools".
38
4.5
Q-Survey Program
Description
After switching on and setting up correctly, the instrument is immediately ready for
measuring.
Access
Select
Q-Survey from the Main Menu.
Q-Survey
Station
To enter station data and set the
station.
Set Hz
To set the orientation to a user
defined horizontal direction.
Hz
/ Hz
To set the horizontal angle reading to
the left (anticlockwise) or to the right
(clockwise).
Code
To find/enter codes. Refer to "9.1
Coding". Available on page 4/4 or
Code. Or, on any page, press the
FNC/Favourites key and select Coding.
FlexLine plus, Operation
39
4.6
Distance Measurements - Guidelines for Correct Results
Description
An EDM is incorporated into the FlexLine plus instruments. In all versions, the distance
can be determined by using a visible red laser beam which emerges coaxially from the
telescope objective. There are two EDM modes:
• Prism measurements
• Non-Prism measurements
Non-Prism
measurements
TSOX_093
• When a distance measurement is triggered, the EDM measures to the object which
is in the beam path at that moment. If a temporary obstruction, for example a
passing vehicle, heavy rain, fog or snow is between the instrument and the point
to be measured, the EDM may measure to the obstruction.
• Be sure that the laser beam is not reflected by anything close to the line of sight,
for example highly reflective objects.
• Avoid interrupting the measuring beam while taking Non-Prism measurements or
measurements using reflective foils.
• Do not measure with two instruments to the same target simultaneously.
Prism
measurements
 WARNING
• Accurate measurements to prisms should be made in Precise+ mode.
• Measurements to strongly reflecting targets such as traffic lights in Prism mode
without a prism should be avoided. The measured distances may be wrong or inaccurate.
• When a distance measurement is triggered, the EDM measures to the object which
is in the beam path at that moment. If for example people, cars, animals, or
swaying branches cross the laser beam while a measurement is being taken, a fraction of the laser beam is reflected from these objects and may lead to incorrect
distance values.
• Measurements to prisms are only critical if an object crosses the measuring beam
at a distance of 0 to 30 m and the distance to be measured is more than 300 m.
• In practice, because the measuring time is very short, the user can always find a
way of avoiding unwanted objects from interfering in the beam path.
Due to laser safety regulations and measuring accuracy, using the Long Range Reflectorless EDM is only allowed to prisms that are more than 1000 m (3300 ft) away.
Red laser to prism
• Prism (>4.0km) mode enables distance measurements of over 4.0 km to standard
prisms using the visible red laser beam. Available for
instruments.
Red laser to
reflector tape
• The visible red laser beam can also be used to measure to reflective foils. To guarantee the accuracy the red laser beam must be perpendicular to the reflector tape
and it must be well adjusted.
• Make sure the additive constant belongs to the selected target (reflector).
FlexLine plus, Operation
40
5
Settings
5.1
Work Settings
Access
1.
Select
Settings from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Work from the Settings Menu.
Work Settings
Field
Description
Trigger Key1
Trigger Key2
Trigger Key 1 is the top end of the trigger key. Trigger Key 2 is the
lower end of the trigger key.
The trigger key is deactivated.
Meas
Sets the trigger key with the same function as Meas.
Dist
Sets the trigger key with the same function as Dist.
USER Key 1
USER Key 2
Configures or with a function from the Favourites menu. Refer
to "8 Favourites".
Tilt Correct
Off
Tilting compensation deactivated.
On
2-axis compensation. Vertical angles refer to the
plummet line and the horizontal directions are
corrected by the standing axis tilt.
For corrections depending on the Hz Corr. setting,
refer to the table "Tilt and horizontal corrections".

Hz Corr.
FlexLine plus, Settings
Off
If the instrument is used on an unstable base, for example a shaking
platform or ship, the compensator should be deactivated. This avoids
the compensator drifting out of its measuring range and interrupting
the measuring process by indicating an error.
On
Horizontal corrections are activated. For normal
operation the horizontal correction should remain
active. Each measured horizontal angle will be
corrected, depending on the vertical angle.
For corrections depending on the Tilt Correct
setting, refer to the table "Tilt and horizontal corrections".
Off
Horizontal corrections are deactivated.
Line1
Fixed to Point ID Shown on a page in Quick Survey and Survey.
Line2 to
Line14
The settings define the parameters shown on a page in Quick Survey
and Survey.
Target Height
Input field for prism height.
Code
Editable field for codes.
Hz angle
Display only field for the horizontal angle.
V angle
Display only field for vertical angle.
Hor. dist.
Display only field for horizontal distance.
Slope dist.
Display only field for measured slope distance.
Height diff.
Display only field for the height difference between
station and reflector.
Easting
Display only field for Easting coordinate of measured point.
Northing
Display only field for Northing coordinate of measured point.
41
Field
Description
Show in Map
Show PtID
Height
Display only field for the height coordinate of the
measured point.
Line space
Insert full line space.
Measurements To display only measured points.
Fixpoints
To display only fixpoints.
Meas & Fixpts
To display measured points and fixpoints.
Yes
The ID of a point is displayed in the map.
No
Display of point IDs in the map is deactivated.
The code of a point is displayed in the map.
Show PtCode Yes
Only 50 Pts
Center to
No
Display of point codes in the map is deactivated.
Yes
Only the first 50 point labels are displayed in the
map.
No
All point labels are displayed in the map, regardless
of the number of points in the job.
The selection changes the behaviour of the
icon on the Mapview
toolbar and the naming of the corresponding softkey.
Station
To centre the map on the instrument.
Target
To centre the map on the target.
Icon1 to Icon7 Available for C&T. To configure which status icons are displayed and
their position. The clock is always displayed. The position of the clock
cannot be changed. The ID of the icons increases from left to right.
Tilt and horizontal
corrections
FlexLine plus, Settings
Setting
Correction
Tilt
correction
Horizontal
correction
Incline
Incline
Horizontal Tilting axis
longitudinal transversal collimation
Off
On
No
No
Yes
Yes
On
On
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Off
Off
No
No
No
No
On
Off
Yes
No
No
No
42
5.2
Regional Settings
Access
1.
Select
Settings from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Regional from the Settings Menu.
3.
Press
to scroll through the screens of available settings.
Regional Settings
Delete
To delete an inactive language. Available when the language is highlighted.
Field
Description
Hz Increment
Right
Set horizontal angle to clockwise direction measurement.
Left
Set horizontal angle to counter-clockwise direction
measurement. Counter-clockwise directions are
displayed but are saved as clockwise directions.
V-Setting
Sets the vertical angle.
Zenith
45°
0°
90°
Zenith=0°; Horizon=90°.
0°
27
°
180
TSOX_018
Horizon
5°
°
+90 +4
0°
°
-45
°
180
°
- 90
71°
--.--%
34”
Slope %
+300 %
+100%
45
°
TSOX_019
Slope [%]
20°
360s
gon
n
go
0
-5 ,5 gon
-79
--.--%
V After DIST
FlexLine plus, Settings
+18 %
0°
±V
-100 %
-300 %
TSOX_020
Zenith=90°; Horizon=0°.
Vertical angles are positive above the
horizon and negative below it.
45°=100%; Horizon=0°.
Vertical angles are expressed in % with
positive above the horizon and negative below it.
The % value increases rapidly. -.--% appears on the display above
300%.

Sets if the vertical angle value recorded is the value that is displayed
when Dist or when Store is pressed. The vertical angle field in a
measurement screen always shows the running angle, regardless of
this setting.
Hold
The vertical angle value that is recorded is the value
that was in the vertical angle field at the time Dist
was pressed.
Running
The vertical angle value that is recorded is the value
in the vertical angle field at the time Store is
pressed.
43
Field

This setting is not applicable for the program Tie
Distance or the favourites Hidden Pointand Height
Transfer. For these, the vertical angle is always
running and the value recorded is the value when
Store is pressed.
Language
Sets the chosen language. Several languages can be uploaded onto
the instrument. The current loaded language(s) are shown.
A selected language can be deleted by pressing Delete. This function
is available if more than one language is installed, and the selected
language is not the chosen operating language.
Lang.Choice
If multiple languages are loaded, a screen to choose the language can
be shown directly after switching on the instrument.
Angle Unit

Min. Reading
Dist. Unit
Dist.Decimal
Temp. Unit
Press.Unit
FlexLine plus, Settings
Description
On
The language screen is shown as the startup screen.
Off
The language screen is not shown as the startup
screen.
Sets the units shown for all angular fields.
°'"
Degree sexagesimal.
Possible angle values: 0° to 359°59'59''
dec. deg
Degree decimal.
Possible angle values: 0° to 359.999°
gon
Gon. Possible angle values: 0 to 399.999 gon
mil
Mil. Possible angle values: 0 to 6399.99 mil.
The setting of the angle units can be changed at any time. The
current displayed values are converted according to the selected unit.
Sets the number of decimal places shown for all angular fields. This
is for data display and does not apply to data export or storage.
°'"
(0° 00' 0.1"/0° 00' 01"/0° 00' 05"/
0° 00' 10")
dec. deg
(0.0001 / 0.0005 / 0.001)
gon
(0.0001 / 0.0005 / 0.001)
mil
(0.01 / 0.05 / 0.1)
Sets the units shown for all distance and coordinate related fields.
meter
Metres [m].
US-ft
US feet [ft].
INT-ft
International feet [fi].
ft-in/16
US feet-inch-1/16 inch [ft].
Sets the number of decimal places shown for all distance fields. This
is for data display and does not apply to data export or storage.
3
Displays distance with three decimals.
4
Displays distance with four decimals.
Sets the units shown for all temperature fields.
°C
Degree Celsius.
°F
Degree Fahrenheit.
Sets the units shown for all pressure fields.
hPa
Hecto Pascal.
mbar
Millibar.
44
Field
Grade Unit
FlexLine plus, Settings
Description
mmHg
Millimeter mercury.
inHg
Inch mercury.
Sets how the slope gradient is calculated.
h:v
Horizontal : Vertical, for example 5 : 1.
v:h
Vertical : Horizontal, for example 1 : 5.
%
(v/h x 100), for example 20 %.
Time (24h)
The current time.
Date
Shows an example of the selected date format.
Format
dd.mm.yyyy,
How the date is shown in all date-related fields.
mm.dd.yyyy or
yyyy.mm.dd
45
5.3
Data Settings
Access
1.
Select
Settings from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Data from the Settings Menu.
3.
Press
Data Settings
to scroll through the screens of available settings.
Field
Description
Double PtID
Sets if multiple points are able to be recorded with the same point ID
in the same job.
Sort Type
Sort Order
Allowed
Allows multiple points with the same point ID.
Not Allowed
Does not allow multiple points with the same point
ID.
Time
Lists are sorted by time of entry.
PtID
Lists are sorted by Point IDs.
Descending
Lists are ordered in descending order of sort type.
Ascending
Lists are ordered in ascending order of sort type.
Code Record
Sets if the codeblock is saved before or after the measurement. Refer
to "9 Coding".
Code
Sets if the code will be used for one, or many, measurements.
Reset after Rec The set code is cleared from the measurement
screen after Meas or Store is selected.
Permanent
Data Output
GSI-Format
GSI-Mask
FlexLine plus, Settings
The set code remains in the measurement screen
until manually deleted.
Sets the location for data storage.
Internal
Memory
All data is recorded in the internal memory.
Interface
Data is recorded via the serial interface, the USB
device port or Bluetooth, depending on the port
selected in the Interface Settings screen. This Data
Output setting is only required if an external storage
device is connected and measurements are started
at the instrument with Dist/Store or Meas. This
setting is not required if the instrument is totally
controlled by a datalogger.
Sets the GSI output format.
GSI 8
81..00+12345678
GSI 16
81..00+1234567890123456
Sets the GSI output mask.
Mask 1
PtID, Hz, V, SD, ppm+mm, hr, hi.
Mask 2
PtID, Hz, V, SD, E, N, H, hr.
Mask 3
StationID, E, N, H, hi (Station).
StationID, Ori, E, N, H, hi (Station Result).
PtID, E, N, H (Control).
PtID, Hz, V (Set Azimuth).
PtID, Hz, V, SD, ppm+mm, hr, E, N, H (Measurement).
46
5.4
Screen & Audio Settings
Access
1.
Select
Settings from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Screen… from the Settings Menu.
3.
Press
Screen & Audio
Settings
to scroll through the screens of available settings.
Field
Description
Display Ill.
Off to 100%
Keyb. Ill.
Available for Color&Touch display only.
Reticle Ill.
Sets the display illumination in 20% steps.
On
The keyboard illumination is activated.
Off
The keyboard illumination is deactivated.
Off to 100%
Sets the reticle illumination in 10% steps.
Touch Screen Available for Color&Touch display only.
On
The touch screen is activated.
Off
The touch screen is deactivated.

Displ.Heater
Press Calib. to calibrate the touch screen. Follow
the instructions on the screen
Available for Black&White display only.
On
The display heater is activated.
Off
The display heater is deactivated.

The display heater is automatically activated when the display illumination is on and the instrument temperature is 5°C.
Contrast
0% to 100%
Available for Black&White display only. Sets the
display contrast in 10% steps.
Auto-Off
Enable
The instrument switches off after 20 minutes
without any activity , for example no key pressed or
vertical and horizontal angle deviation is ±3".
Disable
Automatic switch-off is deactivated.
Screensaver
after 1 min,
after 2 min,
after 5 min,
after 10 min
Off
Appl.Descrip. All
Standard
Battery discharges quicker.

The screensaver is activated and starts after the
selected time.
The screensaver is deactivated.
To switch on the program description in the program
pre-settings. Refer to "Pre-settings screens".
To switch off the program description in the
program pre-settings. Refer to "Pre-settings
screens".
The method descriptions for programs with
different methods, for example COGO,
cannot be switched off.

Beep
FlexLine plus, Settings
The beep is an acoustic signal after each key stroke.
Normal
Normal volume.
Loud
Increased volume.
Off
Beep is deactivated.
47
Field
Description
Sector Beep
On
Sector beep sounds at right angles (0°, 90°, 180°,
270° or 0, 100, 200, 300 gon).
90°
1
3
2
1
0°
3
2
1
180°
1)No beep.
2)Fast beep; from 95.0 to 99.5
gon and 105.0 to 100.5 gon.
3)Permanent beep; from 99.5 to
99.995 gon and from 100.5 to
100.005 gon.
TSOX_094
Off
Stakeout Beep On
Off
FlexLine plus, Settings
Sector Beep is deactivated.
The instrument beeps when the distance from the
current position to the point to be staked is 0.5 m.
The closer the prism is to the point to be staked the
faster the beeps will be.
Beep is deactivated.
48
5.5
EDM Settings
Description
The settings on this screen define the active EDM, Electronic Distance Measurement.
Different settings for measurements are available with Non-Prism (NP) and Prism (P)
EDM modes.
Access
1.
Select
Settings from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
EDM from the Settings Menu.
EDM Settings
Atmos
To enter atmospheric data ppm.
Ind.PPM
To enter an individual ppm value.
Scale
To enter projection scale details.
Signal
To view EDM Signal reflection value.
Freq.
To view the EDM frequency.
Field
Description
EDM Mode
Prism
For distance measurements using prisms.
Non-Prism
For distance measurements without prisms.
Tape
For distance measurements using Retro reflective
targets (3 mm + 2 ppm).
Round (GPR)
26
Standard prism GPR121/GPR111
Leica Const.: 0.0 mm
19
48
86
38
Target
FlexLine plus, Settings
50
100
GMP111-0
Leica Const.: 0.0 mm
Miniprism
86
78
Leica Const.: +34.4 mm
59
360° (GRZ4)
GMP111
Leica Const.: +17.5 mm
40
86
Jp Mini
(SMP222)
30
64
Mini (GMP)
Mini0
(GMP111-0)
GRZ4/GRZ122
Leica Const.: +23.1 mm
360°Mini(GR
Z101)
GRZ101
Leica Const.: +30.0 mm
Tape (GZM)
Leica Const.: +34.4 mm
360°
(MPR122)
MPR122
Leica Const.: +28.1 mm
None
Without prism
User 1 /
User 2
For any prism modes, the user can define two of their
own prisms.
Constants can be entered in mm in either Leica Const.
or Abs. Const.. For example:
Leica Const.: +34.4 mm
49
Field
Description
User prism constant = -30.0 mm
= +4.4 mm (34.4 + -30 = 4.4)
Leica Const.
= -30.0 mm
Abs. Const.
Meas. Mode
Precise+
Fine measuring mode for highest precision measurements with prisms (1.5 mm + 2 ppm).
Precise&Fast Quick measuring mode with prisms, with higher measuring speed and high accuracy (2 mm + 2 ppm).
Precise
For distance measurements without prisms
(2 mm + 2 ppm; >500 m: 4 mm + 2 ppm).
Average
Repeats measurements in standard measuring mode.
Define the number of repetitions in No. of Meas.. The
average distance and the standard deviation for the
averaged distance are calculated.
During the measurement, a status bar, the calculated
slope distance and the standard deviation are displayed.
Use Back to return to the previous screen without
storing the data. Use Re-meas to omit all previous
measurements and to restart. Use Cont to cancel the
measurement process and to calculate the average from
the available measurements.
Tracking
For continuous distance measurements with prisms
(3 mm + 2 ppm) or without prisms (5 mm + 3 ppm).
Prism
(>4.0km)
For long range distance measurements with prisms
(5 mm + 2 ppm). Available for
instruments.
No. of Meas. The number of repeated measurements.
Limit value: 2 to 99
Leica Const. This field displays the Leica prism constant for the selected Prism
Type.
Where Prism Type is User 1 or User 2 this field becomes editable to
set a user defined constant. Input can only be made in mm.
Limit value: -999.9 mm to +999.9 mm.
Abs. Const.
This field displays the absolute prism constant for the selected Prism
Type.
Where Prism Type is User 1 or User 2 this field becomes editable to
set a user defined constant. Input can only be made in mm.
Limit value: -999.9 mm to +999.9 mm.
Laser-Point
Off
Visible laser beam is deactivated.
On
Visible laser beam for visualising the target point is activated.
Available for
Guide Light
instruments.
Off
Guide Light is deactivated.
On
Guide Light is activated. The person at the prism can be
guided by the flashing lights directly to the line of sight.
The light points are visible up to a distance of 150
meters. This is useful when staking out points.
Working range: 5 m to 150 m (15 ft to 500 ft).
Positioning accuracy: 5 cm at 100 m (1.97" at 330 ft).
FlexLine plus, Settings
50
Field
Description
a) Flashing red diode
b) Flashing yellow diode
6m
(20 ft)
100 m (300 ft)
a
b
6m
(20 ft)
TSOX_095
EDM Settings - Enter
Atmospheric Data
This screen enables the entry of atmospheric parameters. Distance measurement is
influenced directly by the atmospheric conditions of the air in which the measurements are taken. In order to take these influences into consideration distance measurements are corrected using atmospheric correction parameters.
The refraction correction is taken into account in the calculation of the height differences and the horizontal distance. Refer to "17.7 Scale Correction" for the application
of the values entered in this screen.

Field
When PPM=0 is selected, the Leica standard atmosphere of 1013.25 mbar,
12°C, and 60% relative humidity is applied.
Description
Temp.Meas. Auto
When a distance is measured using Meas or Dist, the
temperature is read from the instrument temperature
sensor. The value is displayed in the Temperature field.
The atmospheric ppm is recalculated and displayed in
the Atmos PPM field. Measured distances are corrected
with the new atmospheric ppm.
Single
When pressing Temp, the temperature is read from the
instrument temperature sensor. The value is displayed
in the Temperature field. The atmospheric ppm is recalculated and displayed in the Atmos PPM field.
Manual
The temperature value can be entered manually.
EDM Settings - Enter
Projection Scale
This screen enables entry of the scale of projection. Coordinates are corrected with
the PPM parameter. Refer to "17.7 Scale Correction" for the application of the values
entered on this screen.
EDM Settings - Enter
Individual PPM
This screen enables the entry of individual scaling factors. Coordinates and distance
measurements are corrected with the PPM parameter. Refer to "17.7 Scale Correction"
for the application of the values entered on this screen.
EDM Settings - EDM
Signal Reflection
This screen tests the EDM signal strength (reflection strength) in steps of 1%. Enables
optimal aiming at distant, barely visible, targets. A percentage bar and a beeping
sound, indicate the reflection strength. The faster the beep the stronger the reflection.
FlexLine plus, Settings
51
ppm handling
General handling
Handling of
Geom.ppm
Atmos. ppm
Indiv. ppm
Slope distance
Not applied
Applied
Applied
Horizontal distance
Not applied
Applied
Applied
Coordinates
Applied
Applied
Applied
Exceptions
• Program Stakeout
Geometric reduction values are applied to calculate and display the horizontal
distance difference so that the position of points to be staked is found correctly.
• LandXML Data
To import and use the measurements into LGO, the distances recorded in LandXML
differ from the distances on the instrument.
FlexLine plus, Settings
Handling of
Geom. ppm
Atmos. ppm Indiv. ppm
ppm tag
Slope distance
Not applied
Applied
Not applied
Available
Horizontal distance Applied
Applied
Applied
Unavailable
Coordinates
Applied
Applied
Unavailable
Applied
52
5.6
Interface Settings
Description
For data transfer the communication parameters of the instrument must be set.
Access
1.
Select
Settings from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Interface from the Settings Menu.
Interface Settings
BT-PIN
To set a PIN code for the Bluetooth
connection.
This softkey is only available for
instruments with a Communication
side cover. The default Bluetooth
PIN is ’0000’.
Default
To reset the fields to the default Leica
standard settings. Available for RS232.

Field
Description
Port :
Instrument port. If a Communication side cover is fitted the options are
selectable. If there is no Communication side cover the value is set to
RS232 and is uneditable.
Bluetooth:
RS232
Communication is via the serial interface.
USB
Communication is via the USB host port.
Bluetooth
Communication is via Bluetooth.
Automatically
Communication is set to auto detect.
Active
Bluetooth sensor is activated.
Inactive
Bluetooth sensor is deactivated.
The following fields are active only when Port : RS232 is set.
Field
Description
Baud rate:
Speed of data transfer from receiver to device in bits per second.
1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 14400, 19200, 38400, 57600, 115200, Topcon,
Sokkia
Data bits:
Parity :
Endmark :
Number of bits in a block of digital data.
7
Data transfer is realised with 7 databits.
8
Data transfer is realised with 8 databits.
Even
Even parity. Available if data bit is set to 7.
Odd
Odd parity. Available if data bit is set to 7.
None
No parity. Available if data bit is set to 8.
CR/LF
The terminator is a carriage return followed by a line feed.
CR
The terminator is a carriage return.
Stop bits: 1
Number of bits at the end of a block of digital data.
Acknowlge: On
Acknowledgement expected from other device after data
transfer received. An error message will display if no
acknowledgement is returned.
Off
FlexLine plus, Settings
No acknowledgement expected after data transfer.
53
Leica standard
settings
When Default is selected the communication parameters are reset to the default Leica
standard settings:
• 115200 Baud, 8 Databit, No Parity, CR/LF Endmark, 1 Stopbit.
Interface plug
connections
a
b
c
d
e
TSOX_029
FlexLine plus, Settings
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
External battery
Not connected / inactive
GND
Data reception (TH_RXD)
Data transfer (TH_TXD)
54
6
Programs - Getting Started
6.1
Overview
Description
Programs are predefined programs, that cover a wide spectrum of surveying duties
and facilitate daily work in the field. The following programs are available, although
program packages for each FlexLine plus instrument may vary from that stated below:
Program
TS02 plus
TS06 plus
TS09 plus
Station Setup



Survey



Stakeout



Reference Line



Reference Arc
Optional


Reference Plane
Optional


Tie Distance



COGO
Optional


Area & DTM Volume



Remote Height



Road 2D
Optional


Road 3D
Not available
Optional

Traverse
Not available
Optional

Tunnel
Not available
Optional
Optional


Refer to the separate manual "Leica FlexLine plus Tunnel Application".
Only softkeys unique to the programs are explained in the program chapters. Refer to
"3.4 Softkeys" for descriptions of the common softkeys.
FlexLine plus, Programs - Getting Started
55
6.2
Starting a Program
Access
1.
Select
2.
Press to move through the screens of available programs.
Press the number of the program (for Black&White display) or tab on an icon
(for Color&Touch display) to select the specified program in the Programs
Menu.
3.
Pre-settings
screens
Programs from the Main Menu.
Pre-settings for Survey is shown as an example. Any additional settings for particular
programs are explained within the chapters for those programs.
Page key for B&W or tap on page for C&T
to change to another page. Refer to "5.4
Screen & Audio Settings" to turn off the
program description.
Cont
To change to the next screen.
[ • ] = Setting has been made.
[ ] = Setting has not been made.
F1-F4
To select menu item.
Field
Description
F1 Set Job
To define the job where data will be saved. Refer to "6.3 Setting
the Job".
F2 Station Setup To determine the station coordinates and station orientation.
Refer to "6.4 Station Setup".
F4 Start
Starts the selected program.
FlexLine plus, Programs - Getting Started
56
6.3
Setting the Job
Description
All data is saved in Jobs, like file directories. Jobs contain measurement data of
different types, for example measurements, codes, fixpoints or stations. Jobs are individually manageable and can be exported, edited or deleted separately.
Access
Select F1 Set Job in Config. screen.
Select Job
New
To create a new job.
List
To display the list of available jobs.
Field
Description
Job
Name of an existing job to be used.
Operator
Name of operator, if entered.
Date
Date the selected job was created.
Time
Time the selected job was created.
Next step
• Either, press Cont to continue with the selected job.
• Or, press List to select a job.
• Or, press New to open the Enter Job Data screen and create a new job.
Job list
Search
To search for a job. Refer to "3.6
Pointsearch".
▼ Name and ▲ Name
To sort the list according to ascending
or descending job names.
▼ Date and ▲ Date
To sort the list according to ascending
or descending job creation dates.
Column
Description
First column
Name of an existing job.
Second column
Date the jobs were created.
Recorded data
Once a job is set up, all subsequent recorded data will be stored in this job.
If no job was defined and a program was started, or if in Q-Survey and a measurement
was recorded, then the system automatically creates a new job and names it "Default".
Next step
Press Cont to confirm the job and return to the Config. screen.
FlexLine plus, Programs - Getting Started
57
6.4
Station Setup
Description
All measurements and coordinate computations are referenced to the set station
coordinates and orientation.
Station coordinate calculation
Z
Y
Directions
X Easting
Y Northing
Z Height
Station coordinates
X0 Easting coordinate of station
Y0 Northing coordinate of station
Z0 Height of station
Z0
X0
Y0
X
TSOX_097
Station orientation calculation
P3
Hz
=0
P2
Hz1
P1
TSOX_025
Access

P0
P0
Instrument station
Known coordinates
P1
Target point
P2
Target point
P3
Target point
Calculations
Hz1 Station orientation
Select F2 Station Setup in Config. screen.
Next step
The Station Setup program begins. Refer to "7.2 Station Setup" for information on the
Station Setup process.
If no station was set and a program was started, then the last station is set as the
current station and the current horizontal direction is set as the orientation.
FlexLine plus, Programs - Getting Started
58
7
Programs
7.1
Common Fields
Description of
fields
The following table describes common fields that are found within the firmware
programs. These fields are described here once and not repeated in the program chapters unless the field has a specific meaning within that program.
Field
Description
PtID, Point, Point 1
Point ID of the point.
hr
Height of the reflector.
Remark / Code
Remark or Code name depending on the coding method.
Three coding methods are available:
• Remark coding: This text is stored with the corresponding measurement. The code is not related to a
codelist, it is just a simple remark. A codelist on the
instrument is not necessary.
• Expanded coding with codelist: Press Code. The code
that was entered is searched for within the code list
and it is possible to see, change and/or add attributes
to the code. If a code is selected the field name will
change to Code. To toggle through the codelist,
change to page 4/4 for Black&White displays or to page
Code for Color&Touch displays.
• Quick coding: Press Q-Code and enter the shortcut to
the code. The code is selected and the measurement
starts. The field name will change to Code:.
Hz
Horizontal direction to the point.
V
Vertical angle to the point.
Horizontal distance to the point.
Slope distance to the point.
Height to the point.
East
Easting coordinate of the point.
North
Northing coordinate of the point.
Height
Height coordinate of the point.
FlexLine plus, Programs
59
7.2
Station Setup
7.2.1
Starting
Description
Station Setup is a program used when setting up a station, to determine the station
coordinates and station orientation. A maximum number of 10 known points can be
used to determine the position and orientation.
N
H
P3
P1
P0
TSOX_033
Setup methods
P2
E
P0
P1
P2
P3
Instrument station
Known point
Known point
Known point
The following setup methods are available:
Setup method
Description
Orientation with Angle
The station is known. Aim at a target to set the
orientation.
Orientation with Coordinates
The station and target coordinates are known. Aim
at a target to set the orientation and height.
Height Transfer
The station is known, a new station height must be
computed. Measure to one or more known targets
to compute new height for the station.
Resection
The station is unknown. Measure to two or more
target points to compute station coordinates and
orientation. Scale setting is configurable.
Helmert Resection
The station is unknown. Measure to two or more
target points to compute station coordinates and
orientation. The measured angles and distances are
adjusted, based on coordinates of a local and global
system.
A 2D Helmert transformation is used, with four
(shift x, shift y, rotation and scale) or three (shift x,
shift y, rotation) parameters, depending on the
scale setting in the configuration. Points can be
defined as 1D, 2D or 3D.
Local Resection
The station is unknown. Measure distances to two
points:
• To the origin (E = 0, N = 0, H = 0) of the coordinate system
• To a point the North or East direction of the
coordinate system
Scale and standard deviation are not calculated.
Each setup method requires different input data and a different number of target
points.
FlexLine plus, Programs
60
Access
1.
Select
Programs from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Station Setup from the Programs Menu.
3.
4.
Select a job. Refer to "6.3 Setting the Job".
Select F2 Settings:
• Set the standard deviation limits for the position, height, Hz orientation,
and the Face I-II difference. For Local Resection, define the positive North
or positive East axis. For Resection Helmert, set the distance weighting that
is used in the calculation of the station height in the Resection.
Set Calc.new Scale: Yes to calculate the scale for the setup methods
Resection and Resection Helmert. The scale can then be set at the end of
the Resection calculation. Measured distances are always reduced with the
scale set on the instrument. To get a correct result from the scale calculation in Resection, the Scale PPM in the EDM Settings screen must be set
to 0.
• Press Cont to save the limits and return to the Stn.Setup screen.
Select F4 Start to begin the program.
5.
Enter Station Data
1.
2.
3.
4.
FlexLine plus, Programs
Select the desired setup method.
Enter the station number or press Find or List to select an existing point. If the
entered station number can not be found in the current job, then the Point
Search screen appears. Select a different job to search or press ENH to enter the
coordinates manually. ENH is only available for the methods Ori. with Angle, Ori.
with Coord. and H-Trans.
For all methods except Ori. with Angle and Local Resection, press Cont to continue
to the Enter Target Point screen.
For the Ori. with Angle method, Cont continues to the Manual Angle Setting
screen. Refer to "7.2.2 Measuring the target points", "Sight target point".
For the Local Resection method, Cont continues to the Meas. Pt1: Origin (0/0/0)
screen. The first point measured is the origin of the coordinate system. The
second point measured is, depending on the setting, either the North or East
direction of the coordinate system.
Enter Target Point: Enter the PtID of the target. Press Cont to search for the point
in the current job. Select the desired point or enter new coordinates and continue
to the Sight target point! screen. Refer to "7.2.2 Measuring the target points",
"Sight target point".
61
7.2.2
Measuring the target points
Manual Angle Setting
Available for Method: Ori. with Angle only.
Enter the PtID and height of the target. Measure the Hz angle and repeat the measurement in the ohter face by pressing Face. Press Set to set the new orientation.
The station setup is complete.
Sight target point
The remaining screens are available for all methods except Ori. with Angle and Local
Resection.
In the Sight target point! screen:
2 / I: Indicates that the second point was measured in face I.
2 / I II: Indicates that the second point was measured in faces I and II.
Sight the target point and select Meas, or Dist and Store to measure to the target
point.
Station Setup Result
F1 Measure more points
To return to the Enter Target Point
screen to measure more points.
F2 Measure in other face
To measure the same target point in
another face.
F3 Access Tolerances
To change the accuracy limit values.
F4 Compute
To calculate and display the station
coordinates.
Description of symbols
Field
Description

Standard deviation/value within the defined limit
x
Standard deviation/value exceeds the defined limit
---
No value calculated
Description of fields
Field
Description
Accur.
Posit.
If the standard deviation for position in East and North is calculated, a
checkbox is displayed. The checkbox is checked if the calculated position
is within the standard deviation limits or crossed if it is not.
Accur.
Height
If the standard deviation for Height is calculated, a checkbox is
displayed. The checkbox is checked if the calculated Height is within the
standard deviation limits or crossed if it is not.
Accur. Hz
If the standard deviation for the Hz Orientation angle is calculated, a
checkbox is displayed. The checkbox is checked if the calculated Hz
Orientation is within the standard deviation limits or crossed if it is not.
FlexLine plus, Programs
62
7.2.3
Station Setup Results
Computation
procedure
The computation of the station position is done via the Method selected in Enter Station
Data.
If more than the minimum required measurements are performed, the procedure uses
a least squares adjustment to determine the 3D position and averages orientation and
height measurements.
• The original averaged face I and face II measurements are used for the computation
process.
• All measurements are treated with the same accuracy, whether these are measured
in single or dual face.
• Easting and Northing are determined by the least squares method, which includes
standard deviation and improvements for horizontal direction and horizontal
distances.
• The final height (H) is computed from averaged height differences based on the original measurements. For the methods Ori. with Coord. and H-Trans the height can be
selected from old, average and new.
• The horizontal direction is computed with the original averaged face I and face II
measurements and the final computed plan position.
Access
Press F4 Compute in the Station Setup Result screen.
Station Setup Result
This screen displays calculated station coordinates. The final computed results depend
on the Method selected in Enter Station Data.
Standard deviations and residuals for accuracy assessments are provided.

Add Pt
To return to the Enter Target Point
screen to enter the next point.
Resid.
To display residuals and to define the
use of points as 1D, 2D or 3D. Refer to
"Target Residuals".
Std.Dev
To display the standard deviation of
the station coordinates and orientation.
Set
To set the station coordinates and/or
orientation.
If the instrument height was set to 0.000 in the setup screen, then the station
height refers to the height of the tilting axis.
Description of fields
Field
Description
Station
Current station ID.
hi
Current instrument height.
East
Calculated Easting coordinate of the station.
North
Calculated Northing coordinate of the station.
Height
Calculated Height coordinate of the station.
Hz
Current Hz angle with the new orientation.

Available for Method: H-Trans or Ori. with Coord. with only 1 target
point. Difference between the calculated and measured horizontal
distance from the station to the design target.
Scale
Available for Method: Resection and Method: Res.Helm.. The calculated scale, if available.
FlexLine plus, Programs
63
Field
Description
Apply Scale Yes or No. Select Yes to use the calculated scale as the system PPM
scale. This overwrites any PPM scale previously set in the EDM Settings
screens. Select No to keep the existing PPM value in the system and not
apply the calculated scale.
Target Residuals
Messages
The Target Residuals screen displays the computed residuals for the horizontal and
vertical distances and the horizontal direction. Residual = Calculated value - Measured
value.
Use indicates if and how a target point is used in the station calculation. Choices are
3D, 2D, 1D and Off.
Description of fields
Field
Description
3D
Easting, Northing and Height coordinates are used for the calculation.
2D
Easting and Northing coordinates are used for the calculation.
1D
Only the height of the point is used for the calculation.
Off
The point is not used for the calculation.
The following are important messages or warnings that may appear.
Messages
Description
Selected point has
invalid data! Check
data and try again!
This message occurs if the selected target point has no
Easting or Northing coordinate.
Max. 10 points
supported!
10 points have already been measured and another point is
selected. The system supports a maximum of 10 points.
No position computed The measurements may not allow final station coordinates
due to bad data!
(Eastings, Northings) to be computed.
Next step

No height computed
due to bad data!
Either the target height is invalid or insufficient measurements are available to compute a final station height.
Face I/II mismatch!
This error occurs if a point was measured in one face and the
measurement in the other face differs by more than the specified accuracy limit for the horizontal or vertical angle.
No data measured!
Measure point again!
There is insufficient data measured to be able to compute a
position or height. Either there are not enough points used or
no distance measured.
Press Set to set the station coordinates and/or orientation and return to the
Programs Menu.
• If a target point is measured several times in the same face, only the last valid measurement is used for computation.
• For Method: Resection:
• The prism used for face I and face II measurements must be the same.
• If different codes for face I and II are used, then the code of face I is used. If only
face II is measured with a code, then the code of face II is assigned to the point.
• XML output does not allow a change of the ppm value during Stn.Setup measurements.
• If the scale is calculated, then the standard deviation of the position with two targets
is 0.0000. With flexible scale, the resection is fitted perfectly into the geometry
without redundancy. Therefore the standard deviation is 0.000.
FlexLine plus, Programs
64
7.3
Surveying
Description
Survey is a program used for the measurement of an unlimited number of points. It is
comparable to Q-Survey from the Main Menu, but includes pre-settings for the job,
station and orientation prior to beginning a survey.
Access
1.
Select
Programs from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Survey from the Programs Menu.
3.
Complete program pre-settings. Refer to "6 Programs - Getting Started".
Survey
Q-Code
To activate quick coding. Refer to "9.2
Quick Coding".
IndivPt
To switch between individual and
current point numbers.
Manage
To view measurement data.
FlexLine plus, Programs
65
7.4
Stakeout
Description
Stakeout is a program used to place marks in the field at predetermined points. These
predetermined points are the points to be staked. The points to be staked may
already exist in a job on the instrument, or be manually entered.
The program can continuously display differences, between current position and
desired stake out position.
Stakeout modes
Points can be staked using different modes: Polar mode, Orthogonal to station mode
and Cartesian mode.
Polar Stakeout mode
P1
aP2
b+
c-
P0
TSOX_027
P0
P1
P2
ab+
c+
Instrument station
Current position
Point to be staked
 : Difference in horizontal distance
∆Hz: Difference in direction
 : Difference in height
Orthogonal to Station Stakeout mode
P1
d1-
d2+
P2
d3+
P0
TSOX_028
P0 Instrument station
P1 Current position
P2 Point to be staked
d1- ∆Length: Difference in longitudinal distance
d2+ ∆Trav.: Difference in perpendicular distance
d3+ ∆Height: Difference in height
Cartesian Stakeout mode
P2
c
a
P1
P0
TSOX_032
FlexLine plus, Programs
b
P0
P1
P2
a
b
c
Instrument station
Current position
Point to be staked
∆East: Difference in Easting coordinate
∆North: Difference in Northing coordinate
∆Height: Difference in height
66
Access
Stakeout Settings
1.
Select
Programs from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Stakeout from the Programs Menu.
3.
Complete program pre-settings. Refer to "6 Programs - Getting Started".
Field
Pre-/Suffix
Identifier
Description

Prefix
Only used for the Stakeout program.
Adds the character entered for Identifier in front of
the original point number of the point to be staked.
Suffix
Adds the character entered for Identifier at the end
of the original point number of the point to be
staked.
Off
The staked point is stored with the same point
number as the point to be staked.
Only used for the Stakeout program.

The identifier can be up to four characters and is added at the start,
or end, of a point number of a point to be staked.
Stakeout Beep On
Filter
The instrument beeps when the distance from the
current position to the point to be staked is 0.5 m.
The closer the prism is to the point to be staked the
faster the beeps will be.
Off
Beep is deactivated.
Off
No filter is active
Nearest
Searches the job for points close to the current position. The points are selected as the points to be
staked. After staking and storing the first nearest
point, the next nearest point is suggested for
staking out.
The program algorithm sorts the points according to
the minimum walking distance in all directions to
each point.
Radius
Shows points within the defined radius from a
particular point. The radius is the horizontal
distance.
PtId Range
Shows points with point IDs between the entered
start and end ID.
Center Point
The point to which the radius is applied.
Radius
The radius of the circle within which the points are shown.
From
The first point to be displayed.
To
The last point to be displayed.
FlexLine plus, Programs
67
Stakeout
B&Dist
To enter the direction and horizontal
distance to a stake out point.
Manual
To manually enter coordinates of a
point.
Survey
To switch to the Survey program. Press
ESC to return to the Stakeout screen..

Refer to "3.7 Graphic Symbols" for a description of the graphic elements.
Field
Description
Find
Available when no filter is applied. Value for Point ID search. After entry,
the firmware searches for matching points, and displays these in PtID: If
a matching point doesn’t exist the pointsearch screen opens.
Radius
Available when the point filter is active. the defined radius from a particular point.
Range
Available when the range is active. The defined range of points. For long
point IDs, the last digits are be shown and the first digits are cut.
Pt
Type/ID:
Displays the type of point selected.
• Fixpt., or
• Meas.
∆Hz
Angle offset: Positive if stake out point is to the right of the measured
point.

Horizontal offset: Positive if stake out point is further away than the
measured point.

Height offset: Positive if stake out point is higher than the measured
point.
∆L
Longitudinal offset: Positive if stake out point is further away than the
measured point.
∆T
Perpendicular offset: Positive if stake out point is to the right of the
measured point.
∆H
Height offset: Positive if stake out point is higher than the measured
point.
∆E
Easting offset: Positive if stake out point is to the right of the measured
point.
∆N
Northing offset: Positive if stake out point is further away than the measured point
FlexLine plus, Programs
68
7.5
Reference Line
7.5.1
Overview
Description
Reference Line is a program that facilitates the easy stake out or checking of lines, for
example, for buildings, sections of road, or simple excavations. It allows the user to
define a reference line and then complete the following tasks with respect to that line:
• Line & offset
• Stake out points
Access
• Grid stake out
• Line segmentation stake out
1.
Select
Programs from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Ref.Line from the Programs Menu.
3.
Complete program pre-settings. Refer to "6 Programs - Getting Started".
Next step
Define the base line for the reference line.
7.5.2
Defining the Base Line
Description
A reference line can be defined by referencing a known base line. The reference line
can be offset either longitudinally, in parallel or vertically to the base line, or be
rotated around the first base point as required. Furthermore the reference height can
be selected as the first point, second point or interpolated along the reference line.
Define the base line
The base line is fixed by two base points. All points can be either measured, manually
entered, or selected from the memory.
P2
d1
P1
P0
TSOX_088
d2
Base line
P0 Instrument station
P1 Start point
P2 End point
d1 Known distance
d2 Difference in height
 Azimuth
Define the base line by measuring or selecting the start and end points of the line.
Next step
After defining the base line the Reference Line - Info screen will appear for defining
the reference line.
FlexLine plus, Programs
69
7.5.3
Defining the Reference Line
Description
The base line can be offset from, either longitudinally, in parallel or vertically, or be
rotated around the first base point. This new line created from the offsets is called
the reference line. All measured data refers to the reference line.
P2
d2
d1
P0
TSOX_034
P1
a
P2
r+
d2
TSOX_034a
Access
Instrument station
Start point
End point
Base line
Reference line
P1
P2
a
d1
d2
P3
r+
b
Base point
Base point
Base line
Parallel offset
Longitudinal offset
Reference point
Rotation parameter
Reference line
b
P3
P1
P0
P1
P2
d1
d2
d1
After completing the measurements required for defining the base line, the Reference
Line - Info screen will appear.
Reference Line - Info
Grid
To stake out a grid relative to the
reference line.
Meas Pt
To measure Line & Offset.
Stake
To stake out points orthogonal to the
reference line.
NewBL
To define a new base line.
Shift=0
To reset all offset values to 0.
Segment
To subdivide a reference line into a
definable number of segments and
stake out the new points on the reference line.
Field
Description
Length
Length of the base line.
Ref. Height Point 1
Height differences are computed relative to the height
of the first reference point.
Point 2
Height differences are computed relative to the height
of the second reference point.
Interpolated
Height differences are computed along the reference
line.
No Height
Height differences are not computed or shown.
FlexLine plus, Programs
70
Field
Description
Offset
Parallel offset of the reference line relative to the base line (P1-P2).
Available on page 2/2 for Black&White display or on page Shifts for
Color&Touch display.
Positive values are to the right of the base line.
Line
Longitudinal offset of the start point, reference point (P3), of the reference line in the direction of base point 2. Available on page 2/2 for
Black&White display or on page Shifts for Color&Touch display.
Positive values are towards base point 2.
Height
Height offset of the reference line to the selected reference height.
Available on page 2/2 for Black&White display or on page Shifts for
Color&Touch display.
Positive values are higher than the selected reference height.
Rotate
Rotation of the reference line clockwise around the reference point
(P3). Available on page 2/2 for Black&White display or on page Shifts
for Color&Touch display.
Next step
Select a softkey option, Meas Pt, Stake, Grid or
gram.
FlexLine plus, Programs
Segment, to proceed to a subpro-
71
7.5.4
Measure Line & Offset
Description
The Measure Line & Offset subprogram calculates from measurements or coordinates,
longitudinal offsets, parallel offsets and height differences of the target point relative
to the reference line.
P2
P4
d2
d1
P3
P0
P1
TSOX_035
Example of height
difference relative
to first reference
point
P3
d3
a
d1
d2
P2
P1
TSOX_037
P0
P1
P2
P3
P4
d1
d2
Instrument station
Start point
End point
Measured point
Reference point
 Offset
 Line
P1
P2
P3
a
d1
Start point
Target point
Target point
Reference height
Height difference between start point
and the reference height
d2 Height difference between P2 and
the reference height
d3 Height difference between P3 and
the reference height
Access
Press Meas in the Reference Line - Info screen.
Measure line &
offset
Field
Description
∆L
Calculated distance longitudinal to the reference line.
∆O
Calculated distance perpendicular from the reference line.
∆H
Calculated height difference relative to the defined reference height.
Next step
• Either, press Meas to measure and record.
• Or, press Back to return to the Reference Line - Info screen.
FlexLine plus, Programs
72
7.5.5
Stakeout
Description
The stakeout subprogram calculates the difference between a measured point and the
calculated point. The orthogonal (∆L, ∆O, ∆H) and polar (∆Hz,  ,  ) differences
are displayed.
Example orthogonal stakeout
P2
P4
P3
P0
P1
TSOX_038
a
b
P0
P1
P2
P3
P4
a
b
Instrument station
Start point
End point
Stake out point
Measured point
 Parallel offset
 Longitudinal offset
Access
Press Stake from the Reference Line - Info screen.
Orthogonal
stakeout
Enter the stake out elements for the target points to be staked out relative to the
reference line.
Field
Description
Line
Longitudinal offset: Positive if stake out point is further away from the
reference line.
Offs
Perpendicular offset: Positive if stake out point is to the right of the
reference line.
Height
Height offset: Positive if stake out point is higher than the reference
line.
Next step
Press Cont to proceed to measurement mode.
FlexLine plus, Programs
73
Reference Line Stakeout
The signs for the distance and angle differences are correction values (required minus
actual). The arrows indicate the direction to move to get to the stake out point.
Next Pt
To add the next point to be staked out.
Next step
Field
Description
∆Hz
Horizontal direction from the measured point to the stake out point. Positive if the telescope must be turned clockwise to the stake out point.
∆L
Longitudinal distance from the measured point to the stake out point.
Positive if stake out point is further away than the measured point.
∆O
Perpendicular distance from the measured point to the stake out point.
Positive if stake out point is to the right of the measured point.

Horizontal distance from the measured point to the stake out point. Positive if the stake out point is further away than the measured point.

Height difference from the measured point to the stake out point. Positive
if the stake out point is higher than the measured point.
• Either, press Meas to measure and record.
• Or, press Back to return to the Reference Line - Info screen.
FlexLine plus, Programs
74
7.5.6
Grid Stakeout
Description
The Grid subprogram calculates and displays the stake out elements for the points on
the grid, orthogonal (∆L, ∆O, ∆H) and polar (∆Hz,  ,  ). The grid is defined
without boundaries. It can be extended over the first and second base points of the
reference line.
Example Grid Stakeout
P2
a
d1
P1
d3
d2
P0
TSOX_039
a
P0
P1
P2
d1
d2
d3
Reference line
Instrument station
Start point
End point
Start distance
Increment
Line offset
Access
Press Grid from the Reference Line - Info screen.
Grid definition
Enter the chainage and the increment of grid points in length and cross direction of
the reference line.
Field
Description
Start Chain Distance from the reference line start point to the beginning grid start
point.
Increment
Length of incrementation.
Offset
Offset distance from the reference line.
Next step
Press Cont to proceed to the Reference Grid - Stakeout screen.
FlexLine plus, Programs
75
Reference Grid Stakeout
Next step
The signs for the distance and angle differences are correction values (required minus
actual). The arrows indicate the direction to move to get to the stake out point.
Field
Description
Chn
The chainage of the grid stakeout point.
Offs
Offset increment values. The stake out point is to the right of the reference line.
∆Hz
Horizontal direction from the measured point to stake out point. Positive if the telescope must be turned clockwise to the stake out point.

Horizontal distance from the measured point to stake out point. Positive if the stake out point is further away than the measured point.

Height difference from the measured point to the stake out point. Positive if the stake out point is higher than the measured point.
Line
Grid increment values. The stake out point is in the direction from the
first to the second reference point.
∆L
Longitudinal distance from the measured point to the stake out point.
Positive if stake out point is further away than the measured point.
∆O
Perpendicular distance from the measured point to the stake out point.
Positive if stake out point is to the right of the measured point.
• Either, press Meas to measure and record.
• Or, press ESC to return to the Enter start chainage of grid! screen and from there,
press Back to return to the Reference Line - Info screen.
FlexLine plus, Programs
76
7.5.7
Line Segmentation
Description
The line segmentation subprogram calculates and displays the stake out elements for
the points along the line, orthogonal (∆L, ∆O, ∆H) and polar (∆Hz,  ,  ). Line
Segmentation is limited to the reference line, between the defined start and end
points of the line.
Example Line Segmentation Stakeout
d2
P2
a
P1
d1
P0
TSOX_040
P0
P1
P2
a
d1
d2
Instrument station
First reference point
Second reference point
Reference line
Segment length
Misclosure
Access
Press
Segment Definition
Enter either the number of segments, or the length of segments and define how the
remaining line length is treated. This misclosure can be placed at the start, at the end,
at the start and the end or distributed evenly along the line.
Segment from the Reference Line - Info screen.
Field
Description
Line Length Calculated length of the defined reference line.
Segment
Length
Length of each segment. Updated automatically if the number of
segments is entered.
Segment No. Number of segments. Updated automatically if the segment length is
entered.
Misclosure
Any remaining line length after segment length has been entered.
Distrib.
Method of misclosure distribution.
None
At start
Equal
All of the misclosure will be placed after the last segment.
All of the misclosure will be placed before the first segment.
The misclosure will be equally distributed between all
segments.
StartEnd The misclosure is equally distributed at the start and at the
end of the segment line.
Next step
Press Cont to proceed to the Line Segment - Stakeout screen.
FlexLine plus, Programs
77
Line Segment Stakeout
Messages
Next step
The signs for the distance and angle differences are correction values (required minus
actual). The arrows indicate the direction to move to get to the stake out point.
Field
Description
Segm
Segment number. Includes the misclosure segment, if applicable.
CumL
Cumulation of the segment lengths. Changes with the current number of
segments. Includes the misclosure segment length if applicable.
∆Hz
Horizontal direction from the measured point to the stake out point. Positive if the telescope must be turned clockwise to the stake out point.

Horizontal distance from the measured point to the stake out point. Positive
if the stake out point is further away than the measured point.

Height difference from the measured point to the stake out point. Positive
if the stake out point is higher than the measured point.
∆L
Longitudinal distance from the measured point to the stake out point. Positive if stake out point is further away than the measured point.
∆O
Perpendicular distance from the measured point to the stake out point.
Positive if stake out point is to the right of the measured point.
The following are important messages or warnings that may appear.
Messages
Description
Baseline too short!
Base line is shorter than 1 cm. Choose base points such that
the horizontal separation of both points is at least 1 cm.
Coordinates invalid!
No coordinates or invalid coordinates for a point. Ensure that
points used have at least Easting and Northing coordinates.
Recording to interface!
Data Output is set to Interface in the Data Settings Menu. To
be able to successfully start reference line, Data Output must
be set to Internal Memory.
• Either, press Meas to measure and record.
• Or, press ESC to return to the Define Line Segment screen and from there, press
Back to return to the Reference Line screen.
• Or, continue selecting ESC to exit the program.
FlexLine plus, Programs
78
7.6
Reference Arc
7.6.1
Overview
Description
The Reference Arc program allows the user to define a reference arc and then
complete the following tasks with respect to the arc:
• Line & offset
• Stakeout (Point, Arc, Chord, Angle)
Access
1.
Select
Programs from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Ref.Arc from the Programs Menu.
3.
Complete program pre-settings. Refer to "6 Programs - Getting Started".
Next step
Define the reference arc.
7.6.2
Defining the Reference Arc
Description
The reference arc can be defined by;
• a center point and start point,
• a start point, end point, and radius, or
• by three points.
All points can be either measured, manually entered, or selected from the memory.
P2
P3
r
P0
P1
TSOX_089
Reference arc
P0 Instrument station
P1 Start point
P2 End point
P3 Center point
r
Radius of arc

All arcs are defined in a clockwise direction and all calculations are made in two dimensions.
Access
Select
Ref.Arc and then the method to define the arc by:
• Centre & Start
• Start,End&Radius
• 3 Points
Reference Arc Measure to start
point
Field
Description
Start Pt
Point ID of the start point.
Centre Pt
Point ID of the center point.
Mid Pt
Point ID of the mid point.
End Pt
Point ID of the end point.
Radius
Radius of the arc.
A positive value, for example 100 m, is for a clockwise direction of the
reference arc. A negative value, for example -100 m, is for an anticlockwise direction of the reference arc.
FlexLine plus, Programs
79
Radius: 100 m
Clockwise
Radius: -100 m
Anti-clockwise
Legend
Solution 1
P1
P1
P3
P3
d
d
P4
P1 Start point
P2 End point
P3 Centre point 1
P4 Centre point 2
d Direction of the arc
P4
P2
P2
005183_001
005187_001
Solution 2
P1
P1
P3
d
P3
P4
P2
d
005184_001
P4
P2
005188_001
Solution 1
P1
P1
P3
P3
d
d
P4
P2
P1 End point
P2 Start point
P3 Centre point 1
P4 Centre point 2
d Direction of the arc
P4
P2
005185_001
005189_001
Solution 2
P1
P1
d
P3
P3
P4
P4
P2
P2
005190_001
005186_001
d
Next step
After defining the reference arc the Reference Arc - Info screen will appear.

Reference Arc - Info
Field
In certain cases, there are two
mathematical solutions, as shown
in the screenshot. In the subprograms Measure and Stakeout, the
appropriate solution can be
selected.
Description
Ref. Height Depending on the task chosen this parameter determines the design
height.
• When measuring to a line, it affects the height difference value.
• When staking, it affects the delta height value.
Start Point
Heights are computed relative to the height of the
starting point of the line.
End Point
Heights are computed relative to the height of the end
point of the line.
Interpolated Heights are computed along the line.
No Height
Heights are ignored
Next step
Select Cont and then Meas Pt or Stake to proceed to a subprogram.
FlexLine plus, Programs
80
7.6.3
Measure Line & Offset
Description
The Measure Line & Offset subprogram calculates from measurements or coordinates,
longitudinal and orthogonal offsets and height differences of the target point relative
to the reference arc.
Example reference arc - measure line & offset
P4
P2
d2+
d1+
P3
P1
P0
TSOX_036
P0 Instrument station
P1 Start point
P2 End point
P3 Measured point
P4 Reference point
d1+  Offset
d2+  Line
Access
Press Meas from the Reference Arc - Info screen.
Measure Line &
Offset
Field
Description
∆L
Calculated distance longitudinal to the reference arc.
∆O
Calculated distance perpendicular from the reference arc.
∆H
Calculated height difference relative to the start point of reference arc.
Next step
• Either, press Meas to measure and record.
• Or, press Back to return to the Reference Arc - Info screen.
FlexLine plus, Programs
81
7.6.4
Stakeout
Description
The Stakeout subapplication calculates the difference between a measured point and
the calculated point. The Reference Arc program supports four ways to stake out:
• Stake out point
• Stake out arc
Stake out point
• Stake out chord
• Stake out angle
To stake out a point by entering a line and an offset value.
P3
c-
P4
b+
P2
Stake out arc
TSOX_043
P4
P3
P2
b
a
P1
P0
P4
P2
b
P1
P0
a
TSOX_044
Center point of arc
Start point of arc
Stake out point
Stake out point
End point of arc
Radius of arc
Arc length
P0
P1
P2
P3
P4
a
b
Center point of arc
Start point of arc
Stake out point
Stake out point
End point of arc
Radius of arc
Chord length
To stake out a series of points along the arc defined by the angle segments from the
center point of the arc.
P3
P2
b
P4
b
b
TSOX_045
Access
P0
P1
P2
P3
P4
a
b
To stake out a series of equidistant chords along the arc.
P3
Stake out angle
P0
Center point of arc
Start point of arc
Measured point
Stake out point
End point of arc
Radius of arc
Line offset
Perpendicular offset
To stake out a series of equidistant points along the arc.
b
Stake out chord
a
P1
TSOX_042
P0
P1
P2
P3
P4
a
b+
c-
P1
a
P0
P0
P1
P2
P3
P4
a
b
Center point of arc
Start point of arc
Stake out point
Stake out point
End point of arc
Radius of arc
Angle
1) Press Stake from the Reference Arc - Info screen.
2) Select one of the four methods of stake out available.
FlexLine plus, Programs
82
Stake out point,
arc, chord or angle
Enter the stake out values. Press CentreP to stake the arc centre point.
Field
Description
Line
For stake out arc, chord and angle: Longitudinal offset from the reference arc. This is calculated by the arc length, chord length or angle and
the selected misclosure distribution.
For stake out point: Longitudinal offset from the reference arc.
Offset
Perpendicular offset from the reference arc.
Distrib.
For stakeout arc: Method of misclosure distribution. If the entered arc
length is not an integer of the whole arc, there will be a misclosure.
None
All of the misclosure will be added to the last arc-section.
Equal
The misclosure will be equally distributed between all
sections.
Start Arc
All of the misclosure will be added to the first arc-section.
Start & End The misclosure will be added half to the first arc-section
and half to the last arc-section.
Arc Length For stakeout arc: The length of the arc-segment to stake out.
Chord
Length
For stakeout chord: The length of the chord to stake out.
Angle
For stake out angle: The angle around the center point of the arc, of the
points to be staked out.
Next step
Press Cont to proceed to measurement mode.
Reference Arc Stakeout
The signs for the distance and angle differences are correction values (required minus
actual). The arrows indicate the direction to move to get to the stake out point.
To allow a better visibility, for example if the arc is very long and the target
close to the line, the scale for x and y can be different in the graphic. If the
instrument is far off the arc, the instrument in the graphic is placed in the
corner and marked red/grey.

To define the next point to be staked out,
type in a point ID, the reflector height, the
distance along the arc and an offset.
Next step
Field
Description
∆Hz
Horizontal direction from the measured point to the stake out point. Positive if the telescope must be turned clockwise to the stake out point.

Horizontal distance from the measured point to the stake out point. Positive if the stake out point is further away than the measured point.

Height difference from the measured point to the stake out point. Positive
if the stake out point is higher than the measured point.
• Either, press Meas to measure and record.
• Or, press Back to return to the Reference Arc - Info screen.
• Or, continue selecting ESC to exit the program.
FlexLine plus, Programs
83
7.7
Reference Plane
Description
Reference Plane is a program used to measure points relative to a reference plane. It
can be used for the following tasks:
• Measuring a point to calculate and store the perpendicular offset to the plane.
• Calculating the perpendicular distance from the intersection point to the local Xand Z-axis. The intersection point is the footprint point of the perpendicular vector
from the measured point through the defined plane.
• Viewing, storing and staking out the coordinates of the intersection point.
A reference plane is created by measuring three points on a plane. These three points
define a local coordinate system:
• The first point is the origin of a local coordinate system.
• The second point defines the direction of the local Z-axis.
• The third point defines the plane.
X
Y
Z
P1
Z
d+
a
P4
P2
P3
ΔX
P1
P5
ΔZ
X
P2
P3
P4
P5
Y
b
TSOX_061
d+
X
Z
X-axis of local coordinate system.
Y-axis of local coordinate system.
Z-axis of local coordinate system.
First point, origin of local coordinate
system.
Second point
Third point
Measured point. This point is probably
not located on the plane.
Intersection point of the perpendicular vector from P4 to the defined
plane. This point is definitely located
on the defined plane.
Perpendicular distance from P4 to the
plane.
Perpendicular distance from P5 to the
local Z-axis.
Perpendicular distance from P5 to the
local X-axis.
The perpendicular distance to the plane can be positive or negative.
Z
d1
P1
X
TSOX_121
Access
Measure plane and
target points
Y
d2
P1
X
Y
Z
d1
d2
Origin of plane
X-axis of plane
Y-axis of plane
Z-axis of plane
Positive offset
Negative offset
1.
Select
Programs from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Ref.Plane from the Programs Menu.
3.
Complete program pre-settings. Refer to "6 Programs - Getting Started".
1.
Once the plane has been defined by three points, the Measure target point!
screen appears.
Measure and record the target point. The results are displayed in the Reference
Plane Result screen.
2.
FlexLine plus, Programs
84
Reference Plane
Result
NewTgt
To record and save the intersection
point and to proceed to measure a
new target point.
Stake
To display stake out values and a
graphic for the intersection point.
Refer to "3.7 Graphic Symbols" for an
explanation of the graphic symbols.
NewPlan
To define a new reference plane.
Field
Description
Int.PtID
Point ID of the intersection point, the perpendicular projection of the
target point on the plane.
Offset
Calculated perpendicular distance between target point and plane
(intersection point).
∆X
Perpendicular distance from the intersection point to the local Z-axis.
∆Z
Perpendicular distance from the intersection point to the local X-axis.
East
Easting coordinate of the intersection point.
North
Northing coordinate of the intersection point.
Height
Height of the intersection point.
FlexLine plus, Programs
85
7.8
Tie Distance
Description
Tie Distance is a program used to compute slope distance, horizontal distance, height
difference and azimuth of two target points which are either measured, selected from
the memory, or entered using the keypad.
Tie distance
methods
The user can choose between two different methods:
• Polygonal: P1-P2, P2-P3, P3-P4.
• Radial: P1-P2, P1-P3, P1-P4.
Hz
=
0
Polygonal method
2
1
3
P2
P1
d2 P3
d1
d3
P0
P4
TSOX_046
P0
P1-P4
d1
d2
d3
1
2
3
Instrument station
Target points
Distance from P1-P2
Distance from P2-P3
Distance from P3-P4
Azimuth from P1-P2
Azimuth from P2-P3
Azimuth from P3-P4
P0
P1-P4
d1
d2
d3
1
2
3
Instrument station
Target points
Distance from P1-P2
Distance from P1-P3
Distance from P1-P4
Azimuth from P1-P4
Azimuth from P1-P3
Azimuth from P1-P2
Hz
=0
Radial method
1
2
3
P2
d2
P1
P0
P4
TSOX_047
Access
Tie distance
measurements
d1
P3
d3
1.
Select
Programs from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Tie Dist. from the Programs Menu.
3.
4.
Complete program pre-settings. Refer to "6 Programs - Getting Started".
Select Polygonal or Radial.
After completing the measurements required, the Tie Distance Result screen will
appear.
FlexLine plus, Programs
86
Tie Distance Result Polygonal method
NewPt 1
To calculate an additional line. The
program starts again at point 1.
NewPt 2
To set point 2 as the starting point of
a new line. A new point 2 must be
measured.
Radial
To switch to radial method.
Next step
Field
Description
Bearing
Azimuth between point 1 and point 2.
Grade
Grade between point 1 and point 2.

Slope distance between point 1 and point 2.

Horizontal distance between point 1 and point 2.

Height difference between point 1 and point 2.
Press ESC to exit the program.
FlexLine plus, Programs
87
7.9
Area & DTM Volume
7.9.1
Overview
Description
Area & DTM Volume is a program used to compute online areas to a maximum of 50
points connected by straights. The target points have to be measured, selected from
memory, or entered via the keypad in a clockwise direction. The calculated area is
projected onto the horizontal plane (2D) or projected onto the sloped reference plane
defined by three points (3D). Furthermore a volume can be computed by automatically
creating a digital terrain model (DTM). Area division is also possible for 2D areas.
P2
P3
a
b
P1
d
P4
TSOX_049
Access
Map contents
P0
c
P0 Instrument station
P1 Target point which defines the sloped
reference plane
P2 Target point which defines the sloped
reference plane
P3 Target point which defines the sloped
reference plane
P4 Target point
a Perimeter (3D), polygonal length
from the start point to the current
measured point of the area (3D)
b Area (3D), projected onto the sloped
reference plane
c
Perimeter (2D), polygonal length
from the start point to the current
measured point of the area (2D)
d Area (2D), projected onto the horizontal plane
1.
Select
Programs from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Area&Vol. from the Programs Menu.
3.
4.
Complete program pre-settings. Refer to "6 Programs - Getting Started".
Select an Area&Vol. subprogram from the Area & DTM Volume Main Menu.
The graphic on the Polar page shows the area projected onto the reference plane. The
points used for defining the reference plane are indicated by:
•
for measured points.
•
for manually entered points.
•
for stations.
•
for points defining the reference plane.
The graphic on the Plot page shows additionally the area projected onto the reference
plane, the horizontal distance between the points the perimeter and the area.
FlexLine plus, Programs
88
7.9.2
2D / 3D Area
Graphical
representation
P1b
P1a
a
P0
001857_002
2D / 3D Area
1.
2.
P0
Instrument station
P1a.. Boundary point
a
Volume as calculated by the triangulated irregular network (TIN)
Measure or select existing points to define the area.
The 2D and 3D areas are calculated automatically and displayed once three points
have been measured or selected.
Calc
To display and record additional
results.
1PtBack
To undo measurement or selection of
the previous point.
Field
Description
A 2D
Two-dimensional area calculated by projection onto a horizontal plane.
A 3D
Three-dimensional area calculated by projection onto an automatically
defined horizontal reference plane.
The 3D area is calculated based on the following:
• The system will use the three points which cover the largest area.
• If there are two or more equal largest areas, the system will use the
area with the shortest perimeter.
• If the largest areas have equal perimeters, the system will use the
area with the last measured point.
Next step
Press Calc to calculate area and volume and proceed to the 2D / 3D Area Results
screen.
In the 2D / 3D Area Results screen.
• View the area in ha and m2 as well as the perimeter of the area.
• Press NewArea to define a new area.
• Or, press End to exit the program.
FlexLine plus, Programs
89
7.9.3
Area to Reference Plane
Area to Reference
Plane
1.
2.
3.
Measure three new points or select three exisiting points to define the reference
plane.
Then measure or select existing points to define the area.
The 2D and 3D areas are calculated automatically and displayed once three points
have been measured or selected.
Calc
To display and record additional
results.
1PtBack
To undo measurement or selection of
the previous point.
Field
Description
A 2D
Two-dimensional area calculated by projection onto a horizontal plane.
A 3D
Three-dimensional area calculated by projection onto the manually
defined reference plane.
The 3D area is calculated automatically after measuring or selecting
three points.
Next step
1.
2.
FlexLine plus, Programs
Press Calc to calculate area and volume and proceed to the Area to Ref. Plane
Results screen.
In the Area to Ref. Plane Results screen.
• View the area in ha and m2 as well as the perimeter of the area.
• Press NewArea to define a new area.
• Or, press End to exit the program.
90
7.9.4
DTM Volume

The breakline points must be located within the boundary of the defined area.
DTM Volume
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Measure or select existing points to define the area.
The 2D and 3D areas are calculated automatically and displayed once three points
have been measured or selected.
Press Calc.
Press @BLPt.
Measure or select points on the breakline. These points are then used to calculate
a volume.
Press Calc.
NewArea
To define a new area.
New BL
To define a new breakline area and
calculate a new volume.
@BLPt
To add a new point to the existing
breakline area and calculate a new
volume.
End
To exit the program.
Field
Description
A 2D
Two-dimensional area calculated by projection onto a horizontal
plane.
A 3D
Three-dimensional area calculated by projection onto an automatically defined horizontal reference plane.
The 3D area is calculated based on the following:
• The system will use the three points which cover the largest
area.
• If there are two or more equal largest areas, the system will use
the area with the shortest perimeter.
• If the largest areas have equal perimeters, the system will use
the area with the last measured point.
Per.
The perimeter of the area.
DTM-V
Volume as calculated by by Triangulated Irregular Network (TIN).
DTM-Grd.Area
Area defined by ground points, calculated by TIN.
BreakLn Area
Area defined by breakline points, calculated by TIN.
DTM-Volume I
Volume as calculated by TIN.
FlexLine plus, Programs
91
Swell Factor
Field
Description
Swell Factor
Factor that gives the relationship between the volume of a material as found in nature, to the volume of the same material after
excavation. Refer to the table "Swell Factor" for more information
on swell factors.
DTM-Volume II
Volume of the material after excavation from its original location.
DTM-Volume II = DTM-Volume I x Swell Factor.
Weight Factor
Weight in tons per m3 of material. Editable field.
Weight
Total weight of material after being excavated. Weight = DTMVolume II x Weight Factor.
According to DIN18300, the following soil classes have the given swell factors.
Soil class
Description
1
Topsoil containing unorganic material, as well as humus 1.10 - 1.37
or organic animals.
2
Fluent soil types of fluid to semi-fluid consistency.
n/a
3
Easily degradable soil types. Cohesionless to hardly
cohesive sands.
1.06 - 1.32
4
Moderately degradable soil types. Mixture of sand, silt
and clay.
1.05 - 1.45
5
Hard to degrade soil types. Same soil types as classes 3 1.19 - 1.59
and 4, but with a greater ratio of stones bigger than
63mm and between 0.01 m3 to 0.1 m3 in volume.
6
Rock types that have an inner mineral cohesiveness,
however are fragmented, slaty, soft or weathered.
7
Hard to degrade rock types with a strong inner mineral 1.30 - 2.00
cohesiveness and minimal fragmenting or weathering.
Swell Factor
1.25 - 1.75
Swell factor examples: The values given are approximate only. Values may be
different depending on various soil factors.
Soil type
Swell factor
Weight per cubic metre
Silt
1.15 - 1.25
2.1 t
Sand
1.20 - 1.40
1.5 - 1.8 t
Clay
1.20 - 1.50
2.1 t
Topsoil, humus
1.25
1.5 - 1.7 t
Sandstone
1.35 - 1.60
2.6 t
Granite
1.35 - 1.60
2.8 t
FlexLine plus, Programs
92
7.9.5
Area Division
Area division
methods
The diagrams show the area division methods.
Area Division
method
Description
Parallel line(%)
The border will be parallel to a line defined by two points. The
division is calculated using a defined percentage split.
P3
P1
d
a
P2
P0
000225_002
Perpend. line(%)
The border will be perpendicular to a line defined by two points.
The division is calculated using a defined percentage split.
P2
P1
P3
a
P0
d
000226_002
Swing line(%)
P0 First point of defined line
P1 Second of defined line
P2 Ptn1 First new point on
parallel line
P3 Ptn2Second new point on
parallel line
d Distance
a ALeft
P0 First point of defined line
P1 Second of defined line
P2 Ptn1 First new point on
perpendicular line
P3 Ptn2Second new point on
perpendicular line
d Distance
a ALeft
The area is divided by a line rotated around an existing point of
the area. The division is calculated using a defined percentage
split.
P0
P1
007473_001
FlexLine plus, Programs
a
P0
P1
α
a
Selected rotation point
New point on swing line
Azim.
ALeft
93
Area Division
1.
2.
3.
4.
Measure or select existing points to define the area.
The 2D area is calculated automatically and displayed once three points have been
measured or selected.
Only the 2D area is used for area division.
Press Calc.
2D Area Results screen:

NewArea
To measure or define a new area.
MeasDiv
To define the area division
according to the previous selected
method.
End
To exit the program.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Press MeasDiv.
For Parallel line(%) and Perpend. line(%): For Swing line(%):
Measure or select existing points to define Select an existing point of the area to
the area division line.
define the rotation point of the swing
line.
Press Calc.
For Parallel line(%) and Perpend. line(%): For Swing line(%):
Enter the percantage of the area division Enter the percantage of the area division ALeft for the new left area.
ALeft for the new left area.
Press Calc.
NewArea
To measure or define a new area.
New Div
To define a new area division.
Stake
To stake out the calculated points.
End
To store the intersection points as
fixpoints and to exit the program.
Field
Description
Left and Right
The size of the sub areas in percent.
Area
The size of the sub area in m2.
Per.
The perimeter of the sub area in m.
Ptn1
The first intersection point of the new boarder with the original
area.
Ptn2
The first intersection point of the new boarder with the original
area.
Azim.
The angle of the new border from rotation point to the new point.
FlexLine plus, Programs
94
7.10
Remote Height
Description
Remote Height is a program used to compute points directly above the base prism
without a prism at the target point.
P2
a
α
d1
P1
P0
P0
P1
P2
d1
a

TSOX_050
Access
Instrument station
Base point
Remote point
Slope distance
Height difference from P1 to P2
Vertical angle between base point
and remote point
1.
Select
Programs from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Remote Ht from the Programs Menu.
3.
Complete program pre-settings. Refer to "6 Programs - Getting Started".
Remote height
measurement
Measure to the base point or press hr=? to determine an unknown target height.
Next step
After measuring, the Aim at remote point! screen appears.
Remote Height Result - Aim at
remote point!
Aim the instrument at the inaccessible remote point.
Next step
Field
Description

Height difference between the base point and the remote point.
Height
Height of the remote point.
East
Calculated Easting coordinate for the remote point.
North
Calculated Northing coordinate for the remote point.
∆East
Calculated difference in Easting coordinate between the base point and
the remote point.
∆North
Calculated difference in Northing coordinate between the base point
and the remote point.
∆Height
Calculated difference in Height between the base point and the remote
point.
• Either, press Cont to save the measurement and record the calculated coordinates
of the remote point.
• Or, press Base to enter and measure a new base point.
• Or, press ESC to exit the program.
FlexLine plus, Programs
95
7.11
COGO
7.11.1
Starting
Description
COGO is a program used to perform coordinate geometry calculations such as, coordinates of points, bearings between points and distances between points. The COGO
calculation methods are:
• Inverse and Traverse
• Intersections
Access
• Offset
• Extension
1.
Select
Programs from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
COGO from the Programs Menu.
3.
4.
Complete program pre-settings. Refer to "6 Programs - Getting Started".
Select a COGO subprogram from the COGO Main Menu.
Graphics
In the Results screen, press Stake to access the Stakeout graphic.
Or, in the Results screen, change to the second page for a simple graphic. Refer to
"3.7 Graphic Symbols" for a description of the graphic symbols.
7.11.2
Inverse and Traverse
Access
Select Inverse or Traverse from the COGO Main Menu.
Inverse
Use the Inverse subprogram to calculate the distance, direction, height difference and
grade between two known points.
P2
d1
P1
d3
d2
TSOX_098
Traverse
Known
P1 First known point
P2 Second known point
Unknown
 Direction from P1 to P2
d1 Slope distance between P1 and P2
d2 Horizontal distance between P1 and P2
d3 Height difference between P1 and P2
Use the Traverse subprogram to calculate the position of a new point using the
bearing and the distance from a known point. Offset optional.
P4
d3
d1
P1
TSOX_099
FlexLine plus, Programs
Known
P1 Known point
P2
 Direction from P1 to P2
d2
d1 Distance between P1 and P2
P3 d2 Positive offset to the right
d3 Negative offset to the left
Unknown
P2 COGO point without offset
P3 COGO point with positive offset
P4 COGO point with negative offset
96
7.11.3
Intersections
Access
Select the desired COGO subapplication from the COGO Main Menu:
• Brg-Brg
• Brg-Dst
Bearing - Bearing
• Dst-Dst
• 4 Point
Use the Bearing - Bearing subprogram to calculate the intersection point of two lines.
A line is defined by a point and a direction.
Known
P1 First known point
P2 Second known point
1 Direction from P1 to P3
2 Direction from P2 to P3
Unknown
P3 COGO point
P3
1
2
P1
P2
TSOX_100
Bearing - Distance
Use the Bearing - Distance subprogram to calculate the intersection point of a line
and a circle. The line is defined by a point and a direction. The circle is defined by the
center point and the radius.
Known
P1 First known point
P2 Second known point
 Direction from P1 to P3 and P4
r
Radius, as the distance from P2 to P4 or P3
Unknown
P3 First COGO point
P4 Second COGO point
P4
r
P3
TSOX_101
Distance - Distance
P2
P1
Use the Distance - Distance subprogram to calculate the intersection point of two
circles. The circles are defined by the known point as the center point and the distance
from the known point to the COGO point as the radius.
P1
r1
P3
Known
P1 First known point
P2 Second known point
r1 Radius, as the distance from P1 to P3 or P4
r2 Radius, as the distance from P2 to P3 or P4
Unknown
P3 First COGO point
P4 Second COGO point
P4
r2
P2
TSOX_102
4 Point
Use the 4 Point subprogram to calculate the intersection point of two lines. A line is
defined by two points.
To add a shift for the lines, change to page 2/2 for Black&White display or page Shifts
for Color&Touch display. + indicates a shift to the right. - indicates a shift to the left.
P2
P4
a
b
P5
P3
TSOX_103
FlexLine plus, Programs
P1
Known
P1 First known point
P2 Second known point
P3 Third known point
P4 Fourth known point
a Line from P1 to P2
b Line from P3 to P4
Unknown
P5 COGO point
97
7.11.4
Offsets
Access
Select the desired COGO subapplication from the COGO Main Menu:
• DistOff
Distance Offset
• Set Pt
Use the Distance Offset subprogram to calculate the distance and offset of a known
point, with the basepoint in relation to a line.
P2
P4
d2
d1
P3
P1
P0
TSOX_104
Set Point by Distance
Offset
• Plane
Known
P0 Instrument station
P1 Start point
P2 End point
P3 Offset point
Unknown
d1  Line
d2  Offset
P4 COGO (base) point
Use the Set Point by Distance Offset subprogram to calculate the coordinates of a
new point in relation to a line from known longitudinal and offset distances.
P2
d2
d1
P3
P1
P0
TSOX_105
Plane Offset
Known
P0 Instrument station
P1 Start point
P2 End point
d1  Line
d2  Offset
Unknown
P3 COGO point
Use the Plane Offset subprogram to calculate the coordinates of a new point and its
height and offset, in relation to a known plane and offset point.
P2
P5
P3
d1
TSOX_106
FlexLine plus, Programs
P1
P4
Known
P1 Point 1 which defines plane
P2 Point 2 which defines plane
P3 Point 3 which defines plane
P4 Offset point
Unknown
P5 COGO (intersection) point
d1 Offset
98
7.11.5
Line - Extension
Access
Select Line - Extension from the COGO Main Menu.
Line - Extension
Use the Line - Extension subprogram to calculate the extended point from a known
base line.
Δ L1
P1
P2
P3
TSOX_107
FlexLine plus, Programs
Δ L2
P4
Known
P1
Baseline start point
P3
Baseline end point
L1, L2Distance
Unknown
P2, P4 Extended COGO points
99
7.12
Road 2D
Description
Road 2D is a program used to measure or stake out points relative to a defined
element. The element can be a line, curve or spiral. Chainage, incremental stake outs
and offsets (left and right) are supported.
c+
P1
b
P3
a
d-
P0
r
P2
TSOX_132
Access
1.
2.
3.
4.
Select
P0
P1
P2
P3
a
b
c+
Center point
Start point of arc
End point of arc
Point to stake
Anti-clockwise
Clockwise
Distance from start of arc, following
curve
d- Perpendicular offset from arc
r
Radius of arc
Programs from the Main Menu.
Select
Road 2D from the Programs Menu.
Complete program pre-settings. Refer to "6 Programs - Getting Started".
Select the element type:
• Straight
• Curve
• Spiral
Elements
C
R
d = 155.000
B
d = 132.000
b
a
d = 122.000
c
A
A
B
C
R
Straight
Spiral
Curve
Radius
a
b
c
d
Perpendicular offset left
Perpendicular offset right
Increment
Chainage
d = 112.000
d = 102.000
TSOX_119
FlexLine plus, Programs
100
Define the element
step-by-step
1.
2.
Enter, measure or select from memory the start and end points.
For curve and spiral elements the Road 2D screen for defining the element
appears.
3.
For a curve element:
For a spiral element:
•
•
•
•
Enter the radius and curve direction.
Press Cont.
Select the method to be used, Rad/Par. or Rad/Len..
Enter the radius and parameter, or radius and length,
depending on the method chosen.
• Select the type and direction of the spiral.
• Press Cont.
Spiral type
A Spiral in
B Spiral out
A
When the element has been defined the Road 2D - Config. appears.
B
TSOX_112
4.
Chainage and
method
Enter the chainage values and press:
• Stake: to select the point and offset (center, left or right), to stake out and start
the measurement. The correction from actual point to stake out point is shown on
the display.
• Check: to measure, or select points from memory, to calculate the chainage, line
and offset from the defined element.
Enter stakeout
values
Next step
• If in stakeout mode, press Cont to begin staking out.
• Or, if in measurement mode, press Meas to measure and record.
FlexLine plus, Programs
101
7.13
Road 3D
7.13.1
Starting
Description
Road 3D is a program used to stake out points or for as-built checks relative to a road
alignment, including slopes. It supports the following features:
• Horizontal alignments with the elements straight, curve, and spiral (entry and exit
as well as partial).
• Vertical alignments with the elements straight, curve and quadratic parabola.
• Upload of horizontal and vertical alignments which are in gsi data format of Instrument Tools Road Line Editor.
• Creation, view and deletion of alignments onboard.
• Use of design height of vertical alignments or manually entered heights.
• Log file via Format manager of Instrument Tools.
Road 3D methods
Road 3D has the following subprograms:
• Subprogram Check
• Subprogram Stake

Road 3D
step-by-step

• Subprogram Check Slope
• Subprogram Stake Slope
The program can be trialled 15 times. After 15 trials, it is necessary to enter the licence
code.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Create or upload road alignments.
Select horizontal and/or vertical alignment files.
Define stake/check/slope parameter.
Select one of the Road 3D subprograms.
• The alignment file data has to be in the same data structure as Instrument Tools
Road Line Editor. These gsi files have unique identifiers for each element which are
used by the program.
• The alignments must be continuous because geometrical gaps and chainage equations are not supported.
• The file name for the horizontal alignment file must have the prefix ALN, for
example, ALN_HZ_Axis_01.gsi. The file name for the vertical alignment files must
have the prefix PRF, for example PRF_VT_Axis_01.gsi. File names can be 16 characters long.
• The uploaded or created road alignments are permanent and stored even if the
program is closed.
• Road alignments can be deleted onboard or via Instrument Tools Data Exchange
Manager.
• Road alignments cannot be edited onboard. This needs to be done via Instrument
Tools Road Line Editor.
FlexLine plus, Programs
102
7.13.2
Basic Terms
Elements of a road
project
Road projects consist, in general, of a horizontal and a vertical alignment.
Any project point P1 has E, N and H coordinates
in a determined coordinate system and has three
positions.
P1'
Position on natural surface
P1"
Position on vertical alignment
P1'" Position on horizontal alignment
a bc
P2’
P2’’
P2’’’
P1’
P1’’
P1’’’
TSOX_108
Horizontal
geometry elements
With a second point P2 the alignment is defined.
P1' P2'
Projection of the alignment onto the
natural surface.
P1'' P2''
Vertical alignment
P1''' P2'''
Horizontal alignment

Grade angle between the vertical and
horizontal alignment.
a
Natural surface
b
Horizontal alignment
c
Vertical alignment
For onboard input Road 3D supports the following elements for horizontal alignments.
Element
Description
Straight
A straight has to be defined by:
• Start point (P1) and end point (P2) with known Easting and Northing
coordinates.
P2
P1 Start point
P2 End point
P1
TSOX_109
Curve
A circular curve has to be defined by:
• Start point (P1) and end point (P2) with known Easting and Northing
coordinates.
• Radius (R).
• Direction: Clockwise (b) or Anticlockwise (a).
P1
R
a
R
TSOX_090
FlexLine plus, Programs
P2
b
P1
P2
R
a
b
Start point
End point
Radius
Anticlockwise direction
Clockwise direction
103
Element
Description
Spiral /
Clothoid
A spiral is a transition curve whose radius changes along its length. A
spiral has to be defined by:
• Start point (P1) and end point (P2) with known Easting and Northing
coordinates.
• Radius at the start of the spiral (R).
• Spiral parameter (A = L · R ) or length (L) of the spiral.
• Direction: Clockwise or Anticlockwise.
• Spiral type: Spiral in or Spiral out.
R
P1
P2
R
L
R
L
P2
P1
TSOX_111
Spiral
types
• Entry spiral (Spiral in = A): Spiral with a radius of infinity at the start
and a given radius at the end.
• Exit spiral (Spiral out = B): Spiral with a given radius at the start and
radius of infinity at the end.
• Partial/Ovoid spiral: A spiral with a given radius at the start and
another given radius at the end.
A
B
B
TSOX_112
Vertical geometry
elements
Start point
End point
Radius
Length
A
Entry spiral
Exit spiral
For onboard input Road 3D supports the following elements for vertical alignments.
Element
Description
Straight
A straight has to be defined by:
• Start chainage and start height of P1.
• End chainage and end height of P2, or length (L) and slope (%).
P1
P2
L
+%
-%
L
P1
P2
TSOX_113
P1
P2
L
%
Start point
End point
Length
Slope
a
b
Convex
Concave
Transition A circular curve has to be defined by:
curve
• Start chainage and start height of P1.
• End chainage and end height of P2.
• Radius (R).
• Type: Convex (crest) or Concave (sag).
a
b
R
P1
P2
P1
R
TSOX_051
FlexLine plus, Programs
R
R
P2
P1 Start point
P2 End point
R Radius
104
Element
Description
Quadratic A quadratic parabola has the advantage that the rate of change of grade
parabola is constant, resulting in a "smoother" curve. A quadratic parabola has to
be defined by:
• Start chainage and start height of P1.
• End chainage and end height of P2.
• Parameter, or Length (L), grade of entry straight (Grade In) and grade
of exit straight (Grade Out).
-%
+%
P2
L
P1
TSOX_114
L
P1
-%
TSOX_115
Horizontal and
vertical geometry
elements combined
P2
+%
a b
b3
+%
b1
-%
b2
a2
R1
Start point
End point
Length
Slope
b5
-%
b4
a3
P1
P2
L
%
a4
a5 R
a6
R2
a1
TSOX_116
a=
R1
R2
a1
a2
a3
a4
a5
a6

Horizontal alignment (top view)
Radius 1
Radius 2
Straight
Curve with R1
Partial spiral with R1 and R2
Curve with R2
Spiral out with R2 and R= ∞
Straight
b=
b1
b2
b3
b4
b5
Vertical alignment (front view)
Straight
Curve
Straight
Parabola
Straight
• Tangent point
Start and end chainage and tangent points can be different for the horizontal and
vertical alignments.
FlexLine plus, Programs
105
Slope elements
a
g
b
f
c
i
e
P1
h
d
Explanation of the slope elements:
P1
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
i
Measured point
Horizontal alignment
Hinge point
Slope
Catch point
Natural surface
Defined offset
Defined height difference
Cut situation for defined slope
 Offset to catch point
TSOX 052
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
Horizontal alignment at a defined chainage.
Hinge point, is defined by entered offset left/right and height difference.
Slope = ratio.
Catch point, or daylight point, indicates the point of intersection between the
slope and the natural surface. Both the hinge point and the catch point lie on the
slope.
Natural surface, is the undisturbed surface before project construction.
Cut / Fill
Description
Cut situation
d
e
e
d
c
c
a
b
b
TSOX_117
Fill situation
a
b
b
c
c
d
TSOX_118
FlexLine plus, Programs
e
e
d
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
Horizontal alignment
Hinge point
Slope
Catch point
Natural surface
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
Horizontal alignment
Hinge point
Slope
Catch point
Natural surface
106
7.13.3
Creating or Uploading Alignment Files
Description
Create horizontal and vertical road alignment files with Instrument Tools Road Line
Editor and upload them onto the instrument using the Data Exchange Manager.
Alternatively, horizontal and vertical road alignments can be created onboard the
instrument.
Access
1.
Select
Programs from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Road 3D from the Programs Menu.
3.
Complete program pre-settings. Refer to "6 Programs - Getting Started".
Select Alignment
File:
Field
Description
Horiz. Aln.
List of available horizontal alignment files.
Verti. Aln.
Using a horizontal alignment file is mandatory.

List of available vertical alignment files.
a vertical alignment file is not mandatory. A height can be
 Using
defined manually instead.
Next step
• Either, press New to name and define a new alignment file.
• Or, press Cont to select an existing alignment file and proceed to the Define
Stake/Check/Slope values screen.
Define
Stake/Check/Slope
Stake
To start the subprogram Stake.
Check
To start the subprogram Check.
Stk Slp
To start the subprogram Stake Slope.
Ch Slp
To start the subprogram Check Slope.
Field
Description
Offs. Left
Horizontal offset to the left of the horizontal alignment.
Offs. Right
Horizontal offset to the right of the horizontal alignment.
Ht.Diff.
Vertical offset, either up or down, from the horizontal alignment.
Def.Chain
Defined chainage for stake out.
Increment
Value by which the defined chainage can be incremented or decremented in subprograms Stake and Stake Slope.
Height
Manual
Height
Height reference for height calculations. If enabled this
height is used for all subprograms.
Use Design
Hgt.
The height reference for height calculations is the
selected vertical alignment file.
Manual Ht.
Height to be used for Manual Height.
Next step
Select a softkey option, Stake, Check, Stk Slp or
gram.
FlexLine plus, Programs
Ch Slp, to proceed to a subpro-
107
7.13.4
Stake
Description
The subprogram Stake is used to stake out points relative to an existing alignment.
The height difference is relative to a vertical alignment or manually entered height.
P3
g-
c
b
a
e+
f+
P2
d
e-
P1
g+
P0
TSOX_054
Access
Instrument station
Target point
Measured point
Measured point
Horizontal alignment
Defined chainage
Offset
Height difference
 Offset, positive
 Offset, negative
 Chainage, positive
 Chainage, negative
 Height, positive
 Height, negative
Press Stake from the Define Stake/Check/Slope values screen.

Stakeout
Next step
f-
P0
P1
P2
P3
a
b
c
d
e+
ef+
fg+
g-
To find/enter codes, press the
FNC/Favourites key and select
Coding.
Field
Description
Chainage
Selected chainage to stake out.
∆Hz
Angle offset: Positive if the stake out point is to the right of the measured point.

Horizontal offset: Positive if the stake out point is further away than
the measured point.
∆Height
Height offset: Positive if the stake out point is higher than the measured point.
∆Chain
Longitudinal offset: Positive if the stake out point is further away than
the measured point.
∆Offset
Perpendicular offset: Positive if the stake out point is to the right of
the measured point.
Def.East
Calculated East coordinate of the stake out point.
Def.North
Calculated North coordinate of the stake out point.
Def.Hght
Calculated Height of the stake out point.
• Either, press Meas to measure and record.
• Or, press ESC to return to the Define Stake/Check/Slope values screen.
FlexLine plus, Programs
108
7.13.5
Check
Description
The subprogram Check is used for as-built checks. The points can be measured or
selected from the memory. The chainage and offset values are relative to an existing
horizontal alignment, and the height difference is relative to a vertical alignment or
manually entered height.
P2
b
P1
c-
c+
d-
a
P0
TSOX_053
d+
P0
P1
P2
a
b
c+
cd+
d-
Instrument station
Target point
Target point
Horizontal alignment
Chainage
Offset, positive
Offset, negative
Height difference, positive
Height difference, negative

Defined chainage and increment values will not be considered in the subprogram
Check.
Access
Press Check from the Define Stake/Check/Slope values screen.
3D-Road Check
Next step
Field
Description
Offset
Defined horizontal offset. Left, Right or Centre.
Chainage
Current chainage from measured point.
Offset
Perpendicular offset to alignment.
Ht.Diff.
Height difference between the measured point and the defined height.
∆East
Calculated difference in Easting coordinate between the measured
point and the alignment element.
∆North
Calculated difference in Northing coordinate between the measured
point and the alignment element.
• Either, press Meas to measure and record.
• Or, press ESC to return to the Define Stake/Check/Slope values screen.
FlexLine plus, Programs
109
7.13.6
Stake Slope
Description
The subprogram Stake Slope is used to stake out the catch point, which is the intersection point of a defined slope with the natural surface.
The slope is always defined as starting from a hinge point. If the parameter offset
right/left and height difference are not entered, the point at the defined chainage on
the horizontal alignment is the hinge point.
k
a
j
b
c
d
m
l
g
e
f h
P1
i
TSOX_056
Access
P1
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
i
j
k
l
m
Measured point
Horizontal alignment
Defined offset
Defined height difference
Hinge point
Defined slope
Catch point
Natural surface
 Offset to catch point
Cut/fill to catch point
Offset to hinge point
Offset to alignment
Height difference to hinge point
Height difference to alignment
Press Stk Slp from the Define Stake/Check/Slope values screen.
Define Slope
Stakeout
Slope Type
Field
Description
Offset
Horizontal offset from the horizontal alignment to define the hinge
point.
Def.Chain
Defined chainage for stakeout.
SlopeType
Type of slope. Refer to "Slope Type".
SlopeGrade
Slope ratio. Refer to " Slope Grade".
Left up
Hinge point
Right up
TSOX_120
Left down
FlexLine plus, Programs
Right down
Left up
Creates an upward plane extending to the
left of the defined hinge point.
Right up
Creates an upward plane extending to the
right of the defined hinge point.
Left down
Creates a downward plane extending to
the left of the defined hinge point.
Right down
Creates a downward plane extending to
the right of the defined hinge point.
110
Slope Grade
Ratio of the slope. The unit for slope grade is defined in the Regional Settings screen.
Refer to "5.2 Regional Settings".
Next step
Press Slope Stakeout to proceed to the Slope Stakeout screen.
Slope Stakeout
Field
Description
DefChain
Defined chainage for stake out.
∆Chain
Difference between the defined chainage and the measured chainage.
∆Offset
Horizontal offset between the catch point of defined slope and the
measured position.
Cut/Fill
Vertical offset between the catch point of the defined slope and the
measured position. A cut is above the slope, a fill is below the slope.
Act.Slope
Measured slope of the reflector position to the hinge point.
Offs.Hng
Measured offset to the horizontal alignment including offset right and
offset left.
∆H Hinge
Height difference to the hinge point. The vertical offset between the
defined height at the current chainage, and the measured position,
including the defined height difference.
Hinge
Slope distance from the measured point to the hinge point.
Height
Height value of the measured point.
Act. Ch.
The measured chainage.
Offs.Aln
Measured offset to the horizontal alignment excluding offset right and
offset left.
∆H Aln
Height difference to the alignment. The vertical offset between defined
height at the current chainage, and the measured position, excluding
the defined height difference.
Aln
FlexLine plus, Programs
Slope distance from the measured point to the alignment.
111
Sign convention
Cut situation
b
P1
a
d
c
P2
P2
TSOX_057
P1
P2
a
b
c
d
Measured point
Catch point
Horizontal alignment
Hinge point
Cut
 Offset to catch point
P1
P2
a
b
c
d
Measured point
Catch point
Horizontal alignment
Hinge point
Fill
 Offset to catch point
Fill situation
b
P2
P2
TSOX_058
Next step
d
P1
c
a
• Either, press Meas to measure and record.
• Or, press ESC to return to the Define Stake/Check/Slope values screen.
FlexLine plus, Programs
112
7.13.7
Check Slope
Description
The subprogram Check Slope is used for as-built checks and to get information about
slopes, for example on a natural surface. If the parameter offset left/right and height
difference are not entered, the point on the horizontal alignment is the hinge point.
h
a
g
b
c
d
j
i
f
TSOX_055
e
P1
P1
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
i
j
Measured point
Horizontal alignment
Defined offset
Defined height difference
Hinge point
Actual slope
Natural surface
Offset to hinge point
Offset to alignment
Height difference to hinge point
Height difference to alignment

Defined chainage and increment values will not be considered in the subprogram Check.
Access
Press
Ch Slp from the Define Stake/Check/Slope values screen.
Slope Check Hinge
Val.
Field
Description
Offset
Defined horizontal offset. Left, Right or Center.
Chainage
Current chainage from measured point.
Offs.Hng
Offset to hinge. Measured offset to the horizontal alignment including
offset right and offset left.
∆H Hinge
Height difference to the hinge point. The vertical offset between the
defined height at the current chainage, and the measured position
including defined height difference.
Act. Slp
The measured slope ratio of the measured point to the hinge point.
Hinge
Height
Height value of the measured point.
Offs.Aln
Measured offset to the horizontal alignment excluding offset right and
offset left.
∆H Aln
Height difference to the alignment. The vertical offset between defined
height at the current chainage, and the measured position, excluding
the defined height difference.
Aln
Next step
Slope distance from the measured point to the hinge point.
Slope distance from the measured point to the alignment.
• Either, press Meas to measure and record.
• Or, press ESC to return to the Define Stake/Check/Slope values screen.
• Or, continue selecting ESC to exit the application.
FlexLine plus, Programs
113
7.14
Traverse
7.14.1
Overview

The program Traverse can be trialled 15 times. After 15 trials, it is necessary to enter
a licence code.
Description
Traverse is a program used to establish control networks whereby other survey operations such as topographic surveys or point stake outs can be completed.
The Traverse methods include 2D Helmert transformation, compass rule and transit
rule.
2D Helmert
transformation
A Helmert transformation is calculated based on two control points. These must be
the start point and the end, or closing, station. Shift, rotation and scale factor will be
computed and applied to the traverse.
Starting a traverse without an initial backsight measurement will automatically result
in a Helmert transformation.
Compass rule
The coordinate misclosure will be distributed with respect to the length of the traverse
legs. The compass rule assumes that the biggest error comes from the longest traverse observations. This method is suitable when the precision of the angles and
distances are approximately equal.
Transit rule
The coordinate misclosure will be distributed with respect to the coordinate changes
in Easting and Northing. Use this method if the angles were measured with a higher
precision than the distances.
Traverse
step-by-step
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Traverse options
• It is also possible to observe sideshots and check points during the traverse,
however, check points are not included in the traverse adjustment.
• At the end of the traverse, results are displayed and an adjustment may be calculated if desired.
FlexLine plus, Programs
Start and configure Traverse.
Enter station data.
Select starting method.
Measure a backsight point or go directly to step 5..
Measure a foresight point.
Repeat for the number of sets.
Move to the next station.
114
7.14.2
Starting and Configuring Traverse
Access
1.
Select
Programs from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Traverse from the Programs Menu.
3.
Complete program pre-settings.
• F1 Set Job:
Only one traverse per job is allowed. If an adjusted or finished traverse is
already part of the selected job, then select another job. Refer to "6 Programs
- Getting Started".
• F2 Set Tolerances:
Use Tolerances: Yes to activate the use of tolerances.
Enter limits for horizontal direction (the difference between measured and
calculated azimuth to the closing point), distance (the distance between
known and measured closing point), and for differences in Easting, Northing
and Height. If the adjustment results, or the deviation for a check point, exceed
these limits a warning message appears.
Press Cont to save the limits and return to the Pre-settings screen.
Select F4 Start to begin the program.
4.

Traverse
configuration
It is not recommended to start a traverse if the memory is almost full. Doing so, may
mean the traverse measurements and results cannot be saved. Accordingly, a message
is displayed if less than 10% of the memory is free.
Field
Description
Traverse ID
Name of the new traverse.
Desc.
Description, if desired.
Operator
Name of the user who will be using the new traverse, if desired.
Method
B'F'F"B"
All points are measured in face I, then all points are measured in face II in reverse sequential order.
B'B"F"F'
The backsight point is measured in face I immediately
followed by face II. Other points are measured in alternating face order.
B'F'
All points are measured in face I only.
No. of Sets
Number of sets. Limited to 10.
Use Face-Tol. Important when measuring with face I and II. This checks if both measurements are within a defined limit. If the limit is exceeded, a warning
message is displayed.
Face-Tol.
The limit that will be used for checking the face tolerance.
Next step
Press Cont to confirm the traverse configuration and proceed to the Enter Station
Data screen.
Measure Traverse Enter Station Data
Field
Description
Stat.ID
Name of the station.
hi
Height of the instrument.
Desc.
Description of the station, if desired.

Every Traverse must start on a known point.
Next step
Press Cont to confirm station data and proceed to the Traverse - Select screen.
FlexLine plus, Programs
115
7.14.3
Measuring Traverse
Access
From the Traverse - Select screen select one of the following:
• F1 …w/o known Backsight: Starts the traverse without a known backsight. The
measurements begin to a foresight point.
• F2 …with known Backsight: Starts the traverse with a known backsight.
• F3 …with known Azimuth: Starts the traverse with a user-defined azimuth.
Without known
backsight
Start a traverse without a known backsight
• Start on a known point without an initial measurement to a known backsight.
• Stop on a known point, or make a final foresight measurement to a known
closing point.
If the coordinates of the start station are unknown, the Station Setup program can be
run before the traverse. A Helmert transformation will be performed at the end of the
traverse.
If the traverse is left open, then the calculations are based on the system azimuth.
C2
P3
P1
TP2
P2
C1
TP3
TP1
TSOX_060
With known
backsight
C3
C1, C3
C2
P1-P3
TP1-TP3
Control points
Check point
Traverse points
Topographic points
Start a traverse with a known backsight
• Start on a known point with an initial measurement to a known backsight.
• Stop on a known point and optionally measure to a known closing point.
C3
N
N
C1
C5
P3
C4
P1
C2
TSOX_059
With known
azimuth
P2
TP2
TP1
TP3
C1, C2
C4, C5
C3
P1...P3
TP1...TP3
N
Control points
Control points
Check point
Traverse points
Topographic points
North direction
Start a traverse with a known azimuth
• Start on a known point, aim to any direction (e.g. a tower) and define this direction as the reference. This method is often used to define a 0-direction.
• Stop/end the traverse either on a known point or a traverse point and then
measure to a known closing point, or leave the traverse open. Refer to "7.14.5
Closing a Traverse".
If using the current system azimuth, for example from the Stn.Setup program, then
simply confirm the suggested Hz-value in the Set Horizontal Angle screen.
FlexLine plus, Programs
116
Measure traverse Sight Backsight!
Field
Description
BS ID
Point ID of the backsight point.
Remark
Description of the backsight point.
Stat.ID
Name of the station.
Next step
Depending on the traverse method configured, after the measurement either the
Sight Backsight! screen stays active for measuring the backsight point in a second
face, or the Sight Foresight! screen appears for measuring the foresight point.
Measure traverse Sight Foresight!
Next step
Depending on the traverse method configured, after the measurement either the
Sight Foresight! screen stays active for measuring the foresight point in a second
face, or the Sight Backsight! screen appears for measuring the backsight point.
Interrupt a set
To interrupt a set, press ESC to exit the backsight or foresight screen. The Continue
with… screen will appear.
Continue with…
Field
Description
F1 Redo last
measurement
Returns to last measured point, can be either a backsight or a
foresight point. The last measurement is not stored.
F2 Redo whole
station
Returns to first sight point screen. The data from the last station
is not stored.
F3 Exit Traverse
Returns to the Programs Menu. The traverse stays active and
can be continued later. The data from the last station is lost.
F4 Back
Returns to the previous screen where ESC was pressed.
Repetitive loop for
the number of sets
Alternating between screens for the backsight and foresight measurements continues
according to the configured number of sets.
The number of sets and the face are indicated in the top right corner of the screen.
For example 1/I means set 1 in face I.
FlexLine plus, Programs
117
7.14.4
Moving ahead
Number of defined
sets is achieved
When the number of defined sets is achieved, the Traverse - Select screen is
displayed automatically. The accuracy of the set measurements is checked. The set can
be accepted or redone.
Moving ahead with
the traverse
From the Traverse - Select screen, select an option to move ahead with the traverse,
or press ESC to redo the last station.
Field
Description
F1 Survey Sideshot
Enables the measurement of standard survey and topographic
points. Measured points are stored with a Traverse flag. If the
traverse is finally adjusted, these points will be updated.
Close
To exit the Measure Sideshot! screen and returns to the Traverse - Select screen.
F2 Move to next
Station
Move to the next station. The instrument can either be left on or
turned off. If the instrument is turned off and then turned on
again later, the message Last traverse not yet finished or
processed! Do you really want to start a new traverse ? All
existing data will be overwritten! will display. Selecting Yes will
re-open the Traverse to continue at the new station.
The start screen for the next station is similar to the Enter Station
Data screen. The point ID of the foresight point of the last station
is suggested as station ID automatically.
Run through the loop of backsight and foresight measurements
until the number of sets is reached.
F3 Measure
Checkpoint
By measuring a check point it is possible to check whether the
Traverse is still within certain deviations. A check point is excluded
from the traverse calculation and adjustment, however, all measurement data and results observed from a check point are stored.
1) Enter the name of the check point and the height of the
reflector.
2) Press Cont to go to the next screen.
3) Measure the check point. The differences in Easting,
Northing and Height are displayed.
A message will appear if the tolerances defined in the Traverse
configuration are exceeded.
Next step
Close the traverse by selecting Close in the Sight Foresight! screen after a backsight
point measurement, but before the foresight point measurement.
FlexLine plus, Programs
118
7.14.5
Closing a Traverse
Access
Close the traverse by selecting Close in the Sight Foresight! screen after a backsight
point measurement, but before the foresight point measurement.
Close Traverse…
F1 - F4
To select menu item.
Field
Description
F1 …at Known
Station to
Known Closing
Point
To close a traverse at a known station to a known closing point.
Use when setup on the closing station, and the coordinates for the
station and the closing point are known.
If this method is chosen a distance measurement is mandatory.

1) Input the data for both points.
2) Measure to the closing point.
3) The results are displayed.
Next step
F2 …to Known
Closing Point
To close a traverse to a known closing point.
Use when setup on an unknown station and only the coordinates
of the closing point are known.
1) Input the data for the point.
2) Measure to the closing point.
3) The results are displayed.
F3 …at Known
Station Only
To close a traverse at a known station only.
Use when setup on the closing station and the coordinates for it
are known.
1) Input the data for the closing station.
2) The results are displayed.
F4 …Leave
Open
To leave the traverse open. There is no last traverse station.
1) The results are displayed.
Select an option, from the Close Traverse… menu to proceed to the Traverse Results
screen.
FlexLine plus, Programs
119
Traverse Results
Adjust
To calculate an adjustment. Unavailable when the traverse is left open.
ViewTol
To view the tolerances for the traverse.
S-Shot
To measure a sideshot.
EndTrav
To record the results and end the traverse.
Field
Description
Traverse ID
Name of the traverse.
Start Stn.
Point ID of the start station.
End Stn.
Point ID of the end station.
No.of Stn.
Number of stations in the traverse.
Total Dist.
Total distance of the traverse.
1D Accuracy
Accuracy in 1D
Accuracy in 2D
2D Accuracy
1/(
Length of Traverse
1/(
Length of Traverse
L of Error
Length/distance error.
Azimuth Err.
Azimuth closure error.
∆East, ∆North, ∆Height
Calculated coordinates.
Height Misclosure
Linear Misclosure
)
)
Next step
Press Adjust from the Traverse Results screen to calculate the adjustments.
Set Adjustment
Parameter
Field
Description
No.of Stn.
Number of stations in the traverse.
Azimuth Err.
Azimuth closure error.
Misc.-Distr.
For misclosure distribution.
Angle misclosures are distributed equally.

Compass
For surveys where angles and distances were measured with equal precision.
Transit
Height-Distr
FlexLine plus, Programs
For surveys where angles were measured with a
higher precision than the distances.
The height error can be distributed equally, by distance or not at all.
120

Messages
Field
Description
Scale
PPM value defined by the calculated distance between start and end
point divided by the distance measured.
Use Scale
Whether to use the calculated ppm.
• Depending on the number of measured points the calculation may take some time.
A message is displayed during the processing.
• Adjusted points are stored as fixpoints with an additional prefix, for example point
BS-154.B is stored as CBS-154.B.
• After the adjustment the Traverse program is exited and the system returns to the
Main Menu.
The following are important messages or warnings that may appear.
Messages
Description
Memory is nearly full! Do you
want to continue ?
This message occurs if less than 10% of the memory
is free. It is not recommended to start a traverse if
the memory is almost full. Doing so, may mean that
the traverse measurements and the results cannot
be saved.
Current job contains an
adjusted Traverse. Select a
different job!
Only one traverse per job is allowed. Another job
must be selected.
Last traverse not yet finished or The Traverse program was quit without closing a
processed! Do you want to
traverse. The traverse can be continued on a new
continue ?
station, left unfinished, or a new traverse started
and the old traverse data overwritten.
Do you really want to start a
Confirmation of this message will start a new travnew traverse ? All existing data erse and the old traverse data will be overwritten.
will be overwritten!
Redo last station ? Measurements of this station will be
overwritten!
Confirming returns to the first sight point screen for
the previous station measurements. The data from
the last station is not stored.
Exit Traverse application ?
Current station data will be
lost!!!
Quitting the program returns to the Main Menu.
The traverse can be continued later, but the current
station data will be lost.
Out of Tolerance!
The tolerance limits have been exceeded. If not
accepted, the calculations can be redone.
Traverse points are re- calculated and newly stored…
An information message displayed while the adjustment is calculated.
7.15
Tunnel

Refer to the separate manual "Leica FlexLine plus Tunnel Application".
FlexLine plus, Programs
121
8
Favourites
8.1
Overview
Description
Favourites can be accessed by pressing the FNC/Favourites key, or from any measurement screen.
• The FNC/Favourites key opens the Favourites Menu and a function can be selected
and activated.
•
or , activates the specific function assigned to the key. Any function from the
Favourites Menu can be assigned to these keys. Refer to "5.1 Work Settings".
Favourites

The symbol of an unavailable favourite is crossed out.
Favourite
Home
Level
Offset
Del.Rec
Description
Returns to the Main Menu.
Activates the laser plummet and electronic level. Refer to "Level
up with the electronic level step-by-step".
Refer to "8.2 Target Offset".
Deletes the last recorded data block. This can be either a measurement block or a code block.

Coding
PIN-lock
Deleting the last record is not reversible! Only records
recorded in Survey and Quick Survey can be deleted.
Starts Coding to select a code from a codelist or enter a new code.
Same functionality as the softkey Code.
Refer to "12.5 Instrument Protection with PIN".
NP←→P
Changes between the two EDM modes. Refer to "5.5 EDM
Settings". Available for instrument with non-prism mode.
Laserpt.
Activates/deactivates the visible laser beam for illuminating the
target point. Available for instrument with non-prism mode.
EDM Track
Sig.Refl.
H-Trans
Hidden Pt
CheckTie
BS-Check
SketchPad
Refer to "8.5 EDM Tracking".
To view EDM Signal reflection value.
Height Transfer. Refer to "7.2 Station Setup".
Refer to "8.3 Hidden Point".
Refer to "8.4 Check Tie".
Refer to "8.6 Backsight Check".
To create a sketch on a virtual piece of paper.
Illumin.
To turn the keyboard illumination on/off. Available for
Color&Touch display.
Touch
To deactivate/activate the touch screen. Available for
Color&Touch display.
Distance Unit
Sets the distance measurement unit. Available for the user keys.
Angular Unit
Sets the angle measurement unit. Available for the user keys.
FlexLine plus, Favourites
122
8.2
Target Offset
8.2.1
Overview
Description
This favourite calculates the target point coordinates if it is not possible to set up the
reflector, or to aim at the target point directly. The offset values (length, trav. and/or
height offset) can be entered. The values for the angles and distances are calculated
to determine the target point.
P2
d2d1-
P1
d2+
P0
TSOX_022
Access
1.
2.
d1+
P0 Instrument station
P1 Measured point
P2 Calculated offset point
d1+ Length offset, positive
d1- Length offset, negative
d2+ Trav. offset, positive
d2- Trav. offset, negative
Press the FNC/Favourites key when within any program.
Select
Offset from the Favourites Menu.
Enter offset values
Default
To reset offset values to 0.
Cylindr
To enter cylindrical offsets.
Field
Description
Trav. Off.
Perpendicular offset. Positive if the offset point is to the right of the
measured point.
Length Off. Longitudinal offset. Positive if the offset point is further away than the
measured point.
Height Off. Height offset. Positive if the offset point is higher than the measured
point.
Mode
Period for which the offset is to apply.
Reset after REC The offset values are reset to 0 after the point is saved.
Permanent
The offset values are applied to all further measurements.
The offset values are always reset to 0 when the program is quit.

• Either, press Cont to calculate the corrected values and return to the program from
which the offset favourite was started. The corrected angle and distances are
displayed as soon as a valid distance measurement has been triggered or exists.
• Or, press Cylindr to enter cylindrical offsets. Refer to "8.2.2 Cylindrical Offset
Subprogram".
FlexLine plus, Favourites
123
8.2.2
Cylindrical Offset Subprogram
Description
Determines the coordinates of the centre point of cylindrical objects and their radius.
The horizontal angle to points on both the left and right sides of the object are measured, and the distance to the object as well.
R
Hz1
α
P1
d
Hz2
P0
TSOX_023
Access
P0 Instrument station
P1 Centre point of cylindrical object
Hz1 Horizontal angle to a point on the left
side of the object
Hz2 Horizontal angle to a point on the
right side of the object
d Distance to the object in the middle
between Hz1 and Hz2
R Radius of cylinder
 Azimuth from Hz1 to Hz2
Press Cylindr from the Offset screen.
Cylindrical Offset
HzLeft
To trigger measurement for the left
side of the object.
HzRight
To trigger measurement for the right
side of the object.
Field
Description
Hz Left
Measured horizontal direction to the left side of the object. Using the
verticalhair, aim at the left side of the object, then press HzLeft.
Hz Right
Measured horizontal direction to the right side of the object. Using the
verticalhair, aim at the right side of the object, then press HzRight.
∆Hz
Deviation angle. Rotate the instrument to aim in the direction of the
centre point of the cylindrical object, such that Hz is zero.
PrismOffset Prism offset distance between the centre of the prism and the surface
of the object to be measured. If the EDM mode is Non-Prism, the value
is set to zero automatically.
Next step
Once ∆Hz is zero, press Meas to complete the measurement and display the results.
FlexLine plus, Favourites
124
Cylindrical Offset
Result
Finish
To record results and return to the
main Offset screen.
New
To measure a new cylindrical object.
Field
Description
PtID
Defined point ID of the center point.
East
Easting coordinate of the centre point.
North
Northing coordinate of the centre point.
Height
Height of the point measured with the reflector.
This is not the calculated height of the centre point.
Radius
Radius of the cylinder.
FlexLine plus, Favourites

125
8.3
Hidden Point
Description
This favourite is used for measurements to a point that is not directly visible, using a
special hidden point rod.
1
d2
2
P0
d1
P1
TSOX_096
Access
Hidden Point - Rod
Settings
P0
P1
1-2
d1
Instrument station
Hidden point
Prisms 1 and 2
Distance between prism 1 and the
hidden point
d2 Distance between prism 1 and 2
1.
2.
Press the FNC/Favourites key when within any program.
Select
Hidden Pt from the Favourites Menu.
3.
If neccesary, press Rod/EDM to define the rod or EDM settings.
Field
Description
EDM Mode
Changes the EDM Mode.
Prism Type
Changes the prism type.
PrismConst.
Displays the prism constant.
Rod Length
Total length of hidden point rod.
Dist. R1-R2
Spacing between the centres of the prisms R1 and R2.
Meas. Tol.
Limit for the difference between the given and measured spacing of
the prisms. If the tolerance value is exceeded, a warning is issued.
Next step
In the Hidden Point screen, measure to the first and second prisms using Meas and
the Hidden Point Result screen is displayed.
Hidden Point Result
Displays Easting, Northing and Height coordinates of the hidden point.
New
To return to the Hidden Point screen.
End
To record results and return to
program where the FNC/Favourites
key was selected.
FlexLine plus, Favourites
126
8.4
Check Tie
Description
This favourite calculates and displays the slope and horizontal distance, height difference, azimuth, grade, and coordinate differences between the last two measured
points. Valid distance measurements are required for the calculation.
P2
a
a
Azimuth
Slope distance
Height distance
Horizontal distance
P0 Instrument station
P1 First point
P2 Second point
P1
P0
TSOX_021
Access
1.
2.
Check Tie
Field
Description
Bearing
Difference in bearing between the two points.
Grade
Difference in gradient between the two points.
Press the FNC/Favourites key when within any program.
Select
CheckTie from the Favourites Menu.
Difference in horizontal distance between the two points.
Difference in slope distance between the two points.

Messages
Difference in height between the two points.
The following are important messages or warnings that may appear.
Messages
Description
Two measurements
required!
The values cannot be calculated as there are less than two
valid measurements.
FlexLine plus, Favourites
127
8.5
EDM Tracking
Access
1.
2.
Description
This favourite activates or deactivates the tracking measurement mode. The new
setting is displayed for about one second and then set. This favourite can only be activated from within the same EDM mode and prism type. The following options are available.
Press the FNC/Favourites key when within any program.
Select
EDM Track from the Favourites Menu.
EDM Mode
Tracking mode OFF! <=> Tracking mode ON!
Prism
Precise+ <=> Tracking / Precise&Fast <=> Tracking
Non-Prism
NP-Precise <=> NP-Tracking

The last active measurement mode remains set when the instrument is switched off.
8.6
Backsight Check
Description
This favourite enables the user to remeasure to the point(s) used for Station Setup.
This is useful to check if the station position is still correct after measuring some
points.
Access
1.
2.
Backsight Check
This screen is exactly the same as the Stakeout screen, except that the available PtIDs
are restricted to the points used for the last orientation. Refer to "7.4 Stakeout" for
information about the screen.

Press the FNC/Favourites key when within any program.
Select
BS-Check from the Favourites Menu.
When setting up a station by local resection, check the coordinate system of the
points used from the list.
FlexLine plus, Favourites
128
8.7
SketchPad
Description
The field sketch functionality is used to create a sketch on virtual paper.
The sketch is stored as image in bmp format. The bmp file is stored in the
\JOBS\IMAGES folder of the internal memory. The predefined template is optimised for
A4 printout.
Access
1.
2.
Press the FNC/Favourites key when within any program.
Select
SketchPad from the Favourites Menu.
Notes
Back
To return to the last active screen.
Store
To store and link the field sketch.
Overview of keys,
softkeys and icons
for sketching
Icon
Key or Softkey
-
-
FlexLine plus, Favourites
Description
To activate sketching. The
To quit sketching. The
icon is displayed.
icon is displayed.
-
To change the line colour. Tap the icon to open a
window displaying line colours for selection. The
selected line colour is remembered.
-
To change the line width. Tap the icon to open a
window displaying line widths for selection. The
selected line width is remembered.
-
To undo all changes since the last saving.
Zoom +
To zoom into the image.
Zoom -
To zoom out of the image.
129
9
Coding
9.1
Coding
Description
Codes contain information about recorded points. With the help of coding, points can
be assigned to a particular group simplifying later processing.
Codes are stored in codelists, with each codelist supporting a maximum of 200 codes.
Creating a codelist
A codelist can be created:
• on the instrument: Select
Manage from the Main Menu. Select
from
the Manage Menu.
• in Instrument Tools.
Codelists can be imported and exported via USB memory stick and via Instrument
Tools. Refer to "13.3 Importing Data" and "13.2 Exporting Data".
Number of codes supported in codelists:
• Up to 500, when created using FlexField.
• Up to 200, when created using Instrument Tools.
GSI coding
Codes are always stored as free codes (WI41-49), that means that codes are not
directly linked to a point. They are stored before or after the measurement depending
on the setting made.
A code is always recorded for each measurement as long as the code is displayed in
the Code: field. For a code not to be recorded, the Code: field must be cleared. This
can be set to occur automatically. Refer to "5.3 Data Settings".
Access
• To select a code: On Work Settings, Screen page, configure the survey display so
that a Code field is shown. In the survey display, Highlight the Code field.
• Use the right/left navigation key to scroll through the codes.
• Type in a code. After entry, the firmware searches for a matching code name,
and displays these in the code field. If a matching code name does not exist,
then a new code name is created.
• Press ENTER to open the codelist.
• To access a list of codes: Press Code in Q-Survey/Programs.
Coding
Cont
To save the changes.
FlexLine plus, Coding
Field
Description
Code
Code name.
Q-Code
Two digit quick code assigned to the code. Refer to "9.2 Quick Coding".
Desc.
Additional remarks.
Info 1 to
Info 8
More information lines, freely editable. Used to describe attributes of
the code.
130
Code
New
To create a new code.
Attrib.
To add up to 8 attributes with up to 16
characters. Existing code attributes
can be overwritten with the following
exceptions:
The codelist editor of Instrument Tools
can assign a status to the attributes.
Attributes with status "fixed" are
write-protected. They cannot be overwritten or edited.
For attributes with status "Mandatory"
an input or a confirmation is required.
Attributes with status "Normal" can be
edited freely.
The *.cls in the \CODES folder of
the USB stick is not changed.
Edit
To edit quick code, description and
attributes.

FlexLine plus, Coding
Column
Description
First column
Code name
Second column
Description of the code
131
9.2
Quick Coding
Availability
TS02 plus
Description
Using quick coding, a predefined code can be called directly via the keypad on the
instrument. The code is selected by entering a two-digit number, the measurement is
then triggered and the measured data and code saved.
A total of 99 quick codes can be assigned.
The quick code number can be assigned when the code is created in the Coding
screen, in the Codelist Manager in Instrument Tools, or it is assigned in accordance
with the order in which the codes were entered, for example, 01 -> first code in the
code list ... 10 -> tenth code in the code list.
Access
1.
Select
Programs from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Survey from the Programs Menu.
3.
Press
1.
2.
Press Q-Code.
Enter a two-digit number on the keypad.
A two-digit code must always be entered on the keypad even if only a
one-digit code was assigned.
For example: 4 -> enter 04.
The code is selected, the measurement triggered and the measured data and
code saved. The name of the selected code is displayed after the measurement.
Press Q-Code again to end quick coding.
Quick coding stepby-step
3.
4.
Messages
Instrument Tools
FlexLine plus, Coding
-
TS06 plus

TS09 plus

Q-Code.

The following are important messages or warnings that may appear.
Messages
Description
Cannot edit attribute!
Attribute with fixed status cannot be changed.
No codelist available !
No codelist in memory. Manual input for code and
attributes are called automatically.
Code not found!
No code is assigned to the entered number.
Codelists can be easily created and uploaded to the instrument using the supplied
Instrument Tools software.
132
10
MapView Interactive Display Feature
10.1
Overview
Availability
TS02 plus
Description
MapView is an interactive display feature embedded in the firmware. MapView
provides a graphical display of the survey elements which allows for a better overall
understanding of how the data being used and measured relates to each other.
Depending on the application and where in the application MapView is accessed from,
different functionality is available.
The displayed data in all modes of MapView can be shifted by using both the arrow
keys and the touchscreen.
10.2
Accessing MapView
Description
The MapView interactive display feature is provided as a page within applications. It is
accessed through the application itself. Depending on the application and from where
in the application MapView is accessed, different MapView modes are available.
Access
To view points on a map:
• In Q-Survey/Survey change to page 4/4 for Black&White display and to page Map
for Color&Touch display.
-
TS06 plus

TS09 plus

To select points from a map - for programs where points can be selected from
the database:
• For TS09 plus: Press Map in the screen where points must be selected. Use the
touch screen to select points.
• For TS06 plus: Point selection is not possible on the map.
10.3
Configuring MapView
Access
1.
Select
Settings from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Screen… from the Settings Menu.
3.
Press
Access from the
MapView toolbar
For C&T: Tap
to scroll through the screens of available settings.
on the MapView toolbar.
FlexLine plus, MapView Interactive Display Feature
133
10.4
MapView Components
10.4.1
Screen Area
Standard screen
a
c
a) North arrow
b) Scale bar
c) Toolbar
b
005050_001_en
Scale bar
Symbol
Description
Scale of the current screen. The minimum is 0.1 m. There is no maximum
for the zoom but the scale cannot display values greater than 99000 m.
In this case the value displayed will be >99000 m.
North arrow
Symbol
Description
North arrow. North is always orientated towards the top of the screen.
Toolbar
Symbol
Description
Icon toolbar. Refer to "10.4.2 Keys, Softkeys and Toolbar" for more information about the functionality of the icons in the toolbar.
Prism
Symbol
Description
Measured position. The orientation of the instrument is shown as dotted
line.
Instrument station
Symbol
Description
Position of the instrument station.
FlexLine plus, MapView Interactive Display Feature
134
10.4.2
Keys, Softkeys and Toolbar
Description
Standard functionality is provided by softkeys, keys and a toolbar within MapView.
The softkeys are available regardless of the mode in which MapView was accessed and
always perform the same functions.
On the right side of the screen, a toolbar with icons is available. Some functions of the
toolbar can also be performed by using a softkey or key instead. Refer to the following
table for a description of the toolbar functions and their respective softkey/key equivalents, if available.
Overview of keys,
softkeys and icons
The softkeys described in this table are standard on all MapView screens. For descriptions of mode-specific softkeys, see appropriate chapters.
Icon
-
10.4.3
Symbols
Key or Softkey
Description
Fit
The fit icon fits all displayable data, according to
filters and the map configuration, into the screen
area, using the largest possible scale.
Zoom +
To zoom into the map.
Zoom -
To zoom out of the map.
-
The windowing icon zooms to a specified area
window. An area window can be drawn by dragging the stylus on the screen in a diagonal line to
make a rectangular area or by tapping twice on
the screen to define diagonally opposite corners
of a rectangular area. This action causes the
screen to zoom to the selected area.
Ctr.Tgt
To centre the target. Refer to "5.1 Work
Settings".
Ctr.St.
To centre the instrument. Refer to "5.1 Work
Settings".
-
To configure MapView. Refer to " Screen & Audio
Settings".
Tap on screen
with stylus, hold
and move
OR
Left/right/up/dow
n arrow key
To move the view of a map up and down as well
as left and right. This is particularly useful when
you have zoomed in on a view, and want to move
the view around to see other areas of interest.
Point Symbols
Symbol
B&W
Description
C&T
Fixpoint. Show in Map: Fixpoints or Show in Map: Meas & Fixpts
must be selected in Screen & Audio Settings, Map page.
Calculated station
Measured point. Show in Map: Measurements or Show in Map: Meas
& Fixpts must be selected in Screen & Audio Settings, Map page.
FlexLine plus, MapView Interactive Display Feature
135
10.5
Selecting Points
Selecting a point
using the touch
screen step-by-step
Available for TS09 plus with C&T.
Step
Description
1.
Press Map in the screen where points must be selected.
2.
Tap on the point to be selected.

3.
When there are multiple points within the same area and the precise selection is unclear, tapping on the point will access Points Found.
Points Found
The ID and the type of the points within range of the point selection is
displayed.

4.
Select the desired point.
View to display the coordinate and job details of the selected point.
Cont returns to previous screen with the focus on the selected point.
FlexLine plus, MapView Interactive Display Feature
136
11
Imaging & Sketching
11.1
Screenshot
Description
• Screenshots can be taken from the display as additional information in support
cases.
• The images can be linked to the station or to points stored in the job.
Requirements
• An instrument with C&T must be used.
• In Work Settings, IconBar page, Screenshot must be selected for one icon position. Refer to "5.1 Work Settings".
Access
Press a user key configured with the option Screenshot.
OR
Click
.
Screenshots
Back
To return to the last active screen.
Store
To store the screenshot with or
without sketch. Decide if the screenshot is stored with the station, the last
stored point, a selected point or
without link.
11.2
Sketching
Description
Available for instruments with C&T.
A sketch can be overlaid on an image taken from any screen.
The image with the sketch is stored by pressing Store. The sketch is stored together
with the image in bmp format. File naming: Img_ddmmyy_hhmmss.bmp
Access step-by-step
In data management (the screenshot is already stored and possibly linked)
Step
Description
1.
Select
2.
Select ScrShots.
3.
Select a job.
4.
Press Cont.
5.
Manage from the Main Menu.
Click the
icon in the toolbar.
When taking a new screenshot
Step
1.
2.
Description
Click
Click the
FlexLine plus, Imaging & Sketching
.
icon in the toolbar.
137
Overview of keys,
softkeys and icons
for sketching
Icon
Key or Softkey
-
To activate sketching. The
-
11.3
Access
Description
To quit sketching. The
icon is displayed.
icon is displayed.
-
To change the line colour. Tap the icon to open a
window displaying line colours for selection. The
selected line colour is remembered.
-
To change the line width. Tap the icon to open a
window displaying line widths for selection. The
selected line width is remembered.
-
To undo all changes since the last saving.
Zoom +
To zoom into the image.
Zoom -
To zoom out of the image.
Image Management
Step
Description
1.
Select
2.
Select ScrShots.
3.
Select a job.
4.
Cont.
Screenshots
FlexLine plus, Imaging & Sketching
Manage from the Main Menu.
Prev
To display the previous image in the list
of images. Available unless the beginning of the list is reached.
Next
To display the next image in the list of
images. Available unless the end of the
list is reached.
Cont
To store the image with the added link
or a sketch created. If no sketch was
created, then the image is not stored a
second time to avoid a loss of quality.
Delete
To delete the image and all its links.
DelLnk
To delete only a link but not the image.
Links can be selected from a list.
Info
To show the file name, job, creation
date, modification date and links.
List
To list all images stored in the selected
job.
138
12
Tools
12.1
Adjust
Description
The Adjustments Menu contains tools to be used for the electronic adjustment of the
instrument and for setting adjustment reminders. Using these tools helps to maintain
the measuring accuracy of the instrument.
Access
1.
Select
Tools from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Adjust from the Tools Menu.
3.
Select an Adjustment option from the Adjustments screen.
Adjustment options
In the Adjustments screen, there are several adjustment options.
Menu selection Description
FlexLine plus, Tools
Hz-Collimation
Refer to "14.3 Adjusting Line-of-Sight and Vertical Index Error".
Vertical Index
Refer to "14.3 Adjusting Line-of-Sight and Vertical Index Error".
Compensator
Index
Refer to "14.4 Adjusting the Compensator".
Tilting Axis
Refer to "14.5 Adjusting the Tilting Axis Error".
View Current
Adj. Data
Displays the current adjustment values that have been set for HzCollimation, V-index and Tilt Axis.
Set Adjustment
Reminder
Defines the time period from the last adjustment to when a
reminder message should display to do another adjustment.
Options are: Never, 2 weeks, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months,
12months.
The message will display the next time the instrument is switched
on after the time period has been reached.
139
12.2
Startup Sequence
Description
Through the Startup tool, it is possible to record a user-defined sequence of key
presses so that, after switching on the instrument, a particular screen can be displayed
after the Level & Plummet screen instead of the Main Menu. For example, the
general Settings screen for configuring the instrument settings.
Access
1.
Select
Tools from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Startup from the Tools Menu.
1.
2.
Press Record in the Startup screen.
Press Cont to confirm the information message and begin the recording
process.
The next key presses are stored, up to a maximum of 64. To end the recording
press ESC.
If the auto start Status is set to Active, the stored key presses will be executed
automatically after switching on the instrument.
Auto start
step-by-step
3.
4.

FlexLine plus, Tools
The automatic start sequence has the same effect as pressing the keys manually.
Certain instrument settings cannot be made in this way. Relative entries such as automatically setting EDM Mode: Precise&Fast upon switching on the instrument, are not
possible.
140
12.3
System Information
Description
The Info screen displays instrument, system and firmware information, as well as
settings for the date and time.
Please provide the instrument-related information, such as instrument type,
serial number and equipment number, as well as the firmware version and build
number when contacting support.

Access
Info
1.
Select
Tools from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Info from the Tools Menu.
Page 1/4 or System
This screen displays information about the instrument and operating system.
Reset
To reset all settings to the system
default.
Options
To display hardware related options.
Page 2/4 or Softw.
Apps
To display a list of the programs available on the instrument. A check mark is
display in the check box beside each
program that is licenced.
FlexLine plus, Tools
Field
Description
Instr.-Firmware
Displays the firmware version number installed on the instrument.
Build Number
Displays the build number of the firmware.
Active Language
Displays the current language and version number selected for
the instrument.
EDM-Firmware
Displays the version number of the EDM firmware.
Oper. System
Display the operating system of the instrument.
141
Page 3/4 or Memory
Displays job-specific memory information such as the number of stored stations and
fixpoints within a job, the number of recorded data blocks, for example measured
points, or codes within a job, and the memory space occupied.


Before pressing Format, to format the internal memory, ensure that all important data is first transferred to a computer. Jobs, formats, codelists, configuration files, uploaded languages and firmware are deleted by formatting.
Despite an automatic defragmentation, the memory gets fragmented after a
while. Please format the internal memory periodically to maintain the instrument performance.
Page 4/4 or Dates
Field
Description
Maint.-End Date
Displays the end date of the maintenance agreement for the
instrument firmware.
mySec.Renewal
Date
The date when the instrument must be connected to mySecurity
in oder to renew the security functionality.
Next Service Date Displays the date of the next service check required. The field can
be invisible if turned off by the service reminder.
FlexLine plus, Tools
142
12.4
Licence Keys
Description
To fully activate hardware functionality, firmware applications and firmware contracts,
licence keys may be required on the instrument. For all instruments, licence keys can
be manually entered or uploaded via Instrument Tools. For instruments fitted with a
Communication side cover licence keys can also be uploaded via a USB memory stick.
Access
1.
Select
Tools from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Licence from the Tools Menu.
Enter Licence Key

FlexLine plus, Tools
Field
Description
Method
Method of licence key entry. Either Manual Entry or Upload Key File.
Key
Licence key. Available when Method: Manual Entry.
• Selecting Delete from this screen will delete all firmware licence keys on the instrument and the firmware maintenance licence.
When uploading firmware from a USB memory stick, the license key file must be
stored in the System folder on the USB memory stick.
143
12.5
Instrument Protection with PIN
Description
The instrument can be protected by a Personal Identification Number. If PIN protection
is activated,the instrument will always prompt for a PIN code entry before starting up.
If a wrong PIN has been entered five times, a Personal UnblocKing (PUK) code is
required. This can be found on the instrument delivery papers.
Activate PIN code
step-by-step
1.
Select
Tools from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
PIN from the Tools Menu.
3.
4.
5.
Activate PIN protection by setting Use PIN-Code: On.
Enter a personal PIN Code (max. 6 numerics) in the New PIN-Code field.
Accept with Cont.

Now the instrument is protected against unauthorised use. After switching on the
instrument, a PIN code entry is necessary.
Lock instrument
step-by-step
If PIN protection is activated, it is possible to lock the instrument from within any
program without switching off the instrument.
1.
2.
Press the FNC/Favourites key when within any program.
Select
PIN-lock from the Favourites Menu.
Entering the PUK
code
If a wrong PIN has been entered five times, the system will prompt for a Personal
UnblocKing code. The PUK code can be found on the instrument delivery papers.
If the PUK code entered is correct then the instrument will start up and reset the PIN
code to default value 0 and Use PIN-Code: Off.
Deactivate PIN code
step-by-step
1.
Select
Tools from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
PIN-lock from the Tools Menu.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Enter the current PIN in PIN-Code:.
Press Cont.
Deactivate PIN protection by setting Use PIN-Code: Off.
Accept with Cont.

FlexLine plus, Tools
The instrument is now no longer protected against unauthorised use.
144
12.6
Loading Software
Description
To load program software or an additional language, connect the instrument to Instrument Tools via the serial interface and load using "Instrument Tools - Software
Upload". Refer to the Instrument Tools online help for further information.
For instruments fitted with a Communication side cover, the software can be loaded
via a USB memory stick. This process is described below.
Access
1.
Select
Tools from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Load FW from the Tools Menu.

Loading firmware
and languages
step-by-step
• Never disconnect the power supply during the system upload process. The battery
must be at least 75% capacity before commencing the upload.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
FlexLine plus, Tools
All firmware and language files must be stored in the system folder to be transferred to the instrument.
To load firmware and languages: Select F1 Firmware,EDM-FW,Logo. The Select
File! screen will appear.
To load only languages: Select F2 Language(s) only and skip to step 4..
Select the firmware file from the system folder of the USB memory stick.
Press Cont.
The Upload Languages! screen will appear displaying all language files in the
system folder of the USB memory stick. Select Yes or No for a language file to
be uploaded. At least one language must be set to Yes.
Press Cont.
Once successfully loaded, the system will shut down and restart again automatically.
145
13
Data Management
13.1
Manage
Access
Select
Manage
The Manage Menu contains all functions for entering, editing, checking and deleting
data in the field.
Manage from the Main Menu.
Menu item
Description
Job
To select, view, create and delete jobs. Jobs are a summary of data of
different types, for example, fixed points, measurements or codes. The
job definition consists of the job name and user. The system generates
time and date at the time of creation.
Fixpoints
To view, create, edit and delete fixpoints. Valid fixed points contain at
least the point ID and the coordinates E, N or H.
To select a code from the existing codelist.
To view all screenshots linked to the fixpoint.
Meas.Data
To view, edit and delete measurement data. Measurement data available in the internal memory can be searched for via a specific point
search, or by viewing all points within a job. The PtID, hr, code and code
details can be edited.

If the details of a point have been edited, any new calculations
will use the new point details. However, any previously stored
calculation results based on the original coordinates of the
point will not be updated.
Codes
To view, create, edit and delete codes. To each code a description and
a maximum of 8 attributes with up to 16 characters each can be
assigned.
Formats
To view and delete data format files.
Del.Data
To delete individual jobs, fixpoints and measurements of a specific job
or all jobs in the memory.

Deleting the memory cannot be undone. After confirming the
message all data is permanently deleted.
USB-Stick
To view, delete, rename and create folders and files stored on the USB
memory stick. Only available if the instrument is fitted with a Communication side cover and a USB memory stick is inserted.
Refer to "13.4 Working with a USB Memory Stick"and "Appendix B
Directory Structure".
ScrShots
To view, delete, link, unlink, sketch or view information of screenshots
taken and stored. Refer to "11.3 Image Management" for sketching.
FlexLine plus, Data Management
146
13.2
Exporting Data
Description
Job data, format files, configuration sets and codelists can be exported from the
internal memory of the instrument. Data can be exported via:
The RS232 serial interface
A receiver, such as a laptop, is connected to the RS232 port. The receiver requires
Instrument Tools or another third-party software.

If the receiver is too slow in processing data the data could be lost. With
this type of data transfer the instrument is not informed about the performance of the receiver (no protocol). Therefore the success of this type of
transfer is not checked.
The USB device port
For instruments fitted with a Communication side cover.
The USB device can be connected to the USB device port housed in the Communication
side cover. The USB device requires Instrument Tools or another third-party software.
A USB memory stick
For instruments fitted with a Communication side cover. A USB memory stick can be
inserted and removed from the USB host port housed in the Communication side
cover. No additional software is required for the transfer.
XML Export
The exporting of XML data has some special requirements.
• XML standards do not allow a mix of imperial and metric measurement systems.
When exporting XML data, all measurements will be converted to the same
measurement system as set for the distance unit. For example, if the distance
unit is set to a metric unit (metre), the pressure and temperature units will be
converted to metric units as well, even if they are set to imperial units on the
instrument.
• The angle unit MIL is not supported by XML. When exporting XML data, measurements using this unit are converted to dec.deg.
• The distance unit ft-in/16 is not supported by XML. When exporting XML data,
measurements using this unit are converted to feet.
• Points with Height coordinates only, are not supported by XML. These points are
given the E and N values of 0.
Access
1) Select
Transfer from the Main Menu.
2) Select
Export.
Export
Search
To search for jobs or formats within
the internal memory.
List
To list all jobs or formats within the
internal memory.
Field
Description
To
USB memory stick or RS232 serial interface.
Data Type
Data type to be transferred.
To USB memory stick or RS232 serial interface: Measurements,
Fixpoints, Meas & Fixpts
FlexLine plus, Data Management
147
Field
Description
Only to USB memory stick: Road Data, Code, Format, Configuration,
Backup, Images
Export data
step-by-step
Job
Select whether to export all job-related data or a single job data file.
Select Job
Displays the selected job or road alignment file.
Format
If Data Type: Format.
Select whether to export all formats or a single format.
Format Name
If Format: Single Format.
Name of the format to be transferred.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Press Cont in the Export screen after selecting the export details.
If export is to a USB memory stick, select the desired file location and press Cont.
Select the data format, enter the file name and press Cont or Send.
DXF:
To export data from instruments without Communication side cover
using Instrument Tools. Fixed format (X/Y/Z).
DXF Custom: To export data using an USB stick. The DXF format is user definable.
Continue with step 4..
ASCII:
American Standard Code for Information Interchange. Free format.
Use and order of variables and delimiter can be defined during import.
Continue with step 4..
GSI:
Leica Geo Serial Interface. Fixed format. Select between three predefined formats. Refer to "5.3 Data Settings" for an explanation of the
formats.
IDEX:
Leica Independent Data Exchange Format. Fixed format.
XML:
Extensible Markup Language. XML is a recommendation of the World
Wide Web Consortium. Fixed format.
For data format is ASCII:
Define the delimiter value, the units
and the data fields of the file and
press Cont. Continue with 6..
For data format is DXF Custom:
Define the point type export, image
export, the X/Y/Z export, the size of
the point symbols and the labelling
plus coloring of additional point information. Define if identifiers are
included for additional point information. Press Cont.
5.
Examples:
Exported points without labels:
Exported points with labels:
Exported points with labels and identifier:
6.
A message will display confirming the successful export of data.
FlexLine plus, Data Management
148




Exportable job data
formats
Measurement data are stored in chronological order – line by line - on the instrument.The XML data format and other format files do not output data chronologically
but sort the data in separate blocks. During the data export in XML data format or
other format files, the instrument has to search the whole memory until the required
data is found. Therefore, the data transfer time varies between formats. The GSI data
format has the best transfer speed-performance.
A ’+’, ’-’, ’.’ or alphanumerical characters should not be used as delimiter values in ASCII
files. These characters can also be part of the point ID or coordinate values and if so,
will generate errors where they occur in the ASCII file.
Road Data, Format and Backup data types, and the ASCII data format, are only available for data exports to a USB memory stick, not via the RS232 serial interface.
All jobs, formats, codelists and configurations will be stored in the backup folder
created on the USB memory stick. The job data will be stored as individual database
files for each job, which can then be imported again. Refer to "13.3 Importing Data".
Job data can be exported from a job in dxf, gsi, csv and xml file types, or any other
user-defined ASCII format. A format can be defined in Instrument Tools Format
Manager. Refer to the online help of Instrument Tools for information on creating
format files.
RS232 example job data output
Within the Data Type setting Measurements, a data set could be shown as follows:
11....+00000D19
31..00+00006649
82..00-00005736
21..022+16641826
58..16+00000344
83..00+00000091
GSI-IDs
22..022+09635023
81..00+00003342
87..10+00001700
GSI-IDs continued
11
PtID
41-49
Codes and attributes
21
Horizontal direction
51
ppm [mm]
22
Vertical angle
58
Prism constants
25
Orientation
81-83
(E, N, H) Target point
31
Slope distance
84-86
(E, N, H) Station point
32
Horizontal distance
87
Reflector height
33
Height difference
88
Instrument height
FlexLine plus, Data Management
149
13.3
Importing Data
Description
For instruments fitted with a Communication side cover, data can be imported to the
internal memory of the instrument via a USB memory stick.
Importable data
formats
When importing data, the instrument automatically stores the file in a directory folder
based on the file extension. The following data formats can be imported:
Access
Data Type
File extension
Recognised as
GSI
.gsi, .gsi (road)
Fixpoints
DXF
.dxf
Fixpoints
LandXML
.xml
Fixpoints
ASCII
any ASCII file extension e.g. .txt
Fixpoints
Format
.frt
Format file
Codelist
.cls
Codelist file
Configuration
.cfg
Configuration file
Backup
.db
Backup of fixpoints, measurements and configuration
1) Select
Transfer from the Main Menu.
2) Select
Import.
Field
Description
From
USB-Stick
To
Instrument
File
Import a single file or a backup folder.
Import

• Importing a backup folder will overwrite the existing configuration file and code lists
on the instrument, and all existing formats and jobs will be deleted.
• A backup can only be imported if the instrument database structure was not
changed by a firmware update. If the instrument firmware was updated, it can
happen that a backup created before the update cannot be imported. In this case,
downgrade the firmware to the previous used version, save the data in the way
required and then reload the new firmware.
FlexLine plus, Data Management
150
Import data
step-by-step
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Press Cont in the Import screen to proceed to the USB memory stick file directory.
Select the file or backup folder on the USB memory stick to be imported and press
Cont.
For a file: Define the Job name for the imported file, and, if requested, the file
definition and layers, and press Cont to import. If a Job with the same name
already exists in the internal memory, a message will appear with the options to
overwrite the existing job, attach the new points to the current job, or rename the
job for the file being imported.
If new points are attached to the current job, and the same point ID already exists,
the existing point ID will be renamed with a numerical suffix. For example,
PointID23 will be renamed to PointID23_1. The maximum renamed suffix is 10, e.g.
PointID23_10.
For a backup folder: Take note of the warning message displayed and press Cont
to proceed and import the folder.
If the file is an ASCII file, the
Define ASCII Import screen will
appear. Define the delimiter
value, the units and the data
fields of the file and press Cont
to continue.
A message will display once the file or backup folder has been successfully
imported.
A ’+’, ’-’, ’.’ or alphanumerical characters should not be used as delimiter values in ASCII
files. These characters can also be part of the point ID or coordinate values and if so,
will generate errors where they occur in the ASCII file.
FlexLine plus, Data Management
151
13.4
Working with a USB Memory Stick
Insert a USB
memory stick stepby-step
Open the compartment lid on the Communication side
cover.
1
2
The USB host port is located underneath the top edge of
the compartment.
TSOX_017a
Insert the USB memory stick into the USB host port.
4
3
Close the compartment lid and turn the knob to lock the
compartment closed.
TSOX_017b



Format a USB
memory stick
step-by-step
The cap of a Leica industrial grade USB memory stick can
be stored on the underside of the compartment lid.
Always return to the Main Menu before removing the USB memory stick.
Whilst other USB memory sticks may be used, Leica Geosystems recommends Leica
industrial grade USB memory sticks and cannot be held responsible for data loss or
any other error that may occur when using a non-Leica USB memory stick.
• Keep the USB memory stick dry.
• Use it only within the specified temperature range, -40°C to +85°C (-40°F to
+185°F).
• Protect the USB memory stick from direct impacts.
Failure to follow these instructions could result in data loss and/or permanent damage
to the USB memory stick.
Formatting the USB memory stick before starting to store data is required if a
completely new USB memory stick is used, or if all existing data needs to be deleted.


1.
The formatting function on the instrument only works for Leica USB
memory sticks. All other USB memory sticks should be formatted on a
computer.
Despite an automatic defragmentation, the USB memory stick gets fragmented after a while. Please format the USB memory stick periodically to
maintain the instrument performance.
Select
Manage from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
3.
4.
Press Format in the USB-File Manager screen.
A warning message will appear.
By activating the format command all data will be lost. Make sure that all
important data on the USB memory stick has been backed up before
formatting the USB memory stick.
Press Yes to format the USB memory stick.
A message will display once the formatting of the USB memory stick is completed.
Press Cont to return to the USB-File Manager screen.
5.
6.
USB-Stick from the Manage Menu.

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152
13.5
Working with Bluetooth
Description
Instruments fitted with a Communication side cover can communicate with external
devices via a Bluetooth connection. The instrument Bluetooth is a slave only. The Bluetooth of the external device will be the master, and therefore will control the connection and any data transfer.
Establishing a
connection
step-by-step
1.
2.
3.
On the instrument ensure that the communication parameters are set to Bluetooth: and Active. Refer to "5.6 Interface Settings".
Activate Bluetooth on the external device. The steps required depend on the Bluetooth driver and other device specific configurations. Refer to the device user
manual for information on how to configure and search for a Bluetooth connection.
The instrument will appear on the external device as "TS0x_y_zzzzzzz", where x =
the FlexLine plus series (TS06 plus or TS09 plus), y = the angular accuracy in arc
seconds, and z = the serial number of the instrument. For example,
TS06_3_1234567.
Some devices ask for the identification number of the Bluetooth. The default
number for a FlexLine plus Bluetooth is 0000. This can be changed by:
• Select
Settings from the Main Menu.
• Select
4.
5.
6.
Transferring data
via Bluetooth
Interface from the Settings Menu.
• Press BT-PIN from the Interface Settings screen.
• Enter a new Bluetooth PIN number in PIN-Code.
• Press Cont to confirm the new Bluetooth PIN.
When the external Bluetooth device has located the instrument for the first time,
a message will display on the instrument stating the name of the external device
and requesting confirmation that connection to this device should be allowed.
• Press Yes to allow, or
• Press No to disallow this connection
The instrument Bluetooth sends out the instrument name and serial number to
the external Bluetooth device.
All further steps must be made in accordance to the user manual of the external
device.
Using Instrument Tools Data Exchange Manager, data files can be transferred from the
instrument to a local folder via the Bluetooth connection. The transfer is made
through the serial port configured on the computer as the Bluetooth Serial Port,
however, for faster data transfer speeds we recommend using the USB or RS232
connections.
For more information about Instrument Tools Data Exchange Manager refer to the
comprehensive online help.
For transferring data using other external devices or software programs, refer to the
user manual of the device or software. The FlexLine plus Bluetooth does not establish
or manage the data transfer.
FlexLine plus, Data Management
153
13.6
Working with Leica Instrument Tools
Description
Leica Instrument Tools is used for the data exchange between the instrument and a
computer. It contains several auxiliary programs in order to support the instrument.
Leica Instrument Tools are for free and can be downloaded from myWorld.
Installation on a
computer


The installation program can be found on the USB documentation card supplied. Insert
the USB documentation card and follow the on-screen instructions. Please note that
Instrument Tools can only be installed on computers with MS Windows 2000, XP, Vista
and Windows 7 operating systems.
FlexLine plus instruments are supported from Instrument Tools v2.2 onwards.
For more information about Instrument Tools refer to the comprehensive online help.
FlexLine plus, Data Management
154
14
Check & Adjust
14.1
Overview
Description
Leica Geosystems instruments are manufactured, assembled and adjusted to the best
possible quality. Quick temperature changes, shock or stress can cause deviations and
decrease the instrument accuracy. It is therefore recommended to check and adjust
the instrument from time to time. This check and adjust can be done in the field by
running through specific measurement procedures. The procedures are guided and
must be followed carefully and precisely as described in the following chapters. Some
other instrument errors and mechanical parts can be adjusted mechanically.
Electronic
adjustment
The following instrument errors can be checked and adjusted electronically:
• Horizontal collimation error, also called line-of-sight error.
• Vertical index error, and simultaneously the electronic level.
• Compensator longitudinal and transversal index errors
• Tilting axis error.

Mechanical
adjustment

14.2
For determining these errors, it is necessary to measure in both faces, but the procedure can be started in any face.
The following instrument parts can be adjusted mechanically:
• Circular level on the instrument and tribrach.
• Laser plummet.
• Screws on the tripod.
During the manufacturing process, the instrument errors are carefully determined and
set to zero. As mentioned, these errors can change and it is highly recommended to
redetermine them in the following situations:
• Before the instrument is used for the first time.
• Before every high precision survey.
• After rough or long periods of transport.
• After long periods of work or storage.
• If the temperature difference between current environment and the temperature
at the last calibration is more than 10°C (18°F).
Preparation

Before determining the instrument errors, level-up the instrument using
the electronic level. The Level & Plummet is the first screen to appear after
turning on the instrument.
The tribrach, the tripod and the ground should be very stable and secure
from vibrations or other disturbances.


The instrument should be protected from direct sunlight in order to avoid
thermal expansion on one side only.
Before starting to work, the instrument has to become acclimatised to the ambient
temperature. Approximately two minutes per °C of temperature difference from
storage to working environment, but at least 15 min, should be taken into account.
FlexLine plus, Check & Adjust
155
14.3
Adjusting Line-of-Sight and Vertical Index Error
Line-of-sight error
The line-of-sight error, or horizontal collimation error is the deviation from the
perpendicular between the tilting axis and the line of sight. The effect of the line-ofsight error to the horizontal direction increases with the vertical angle.
c
d
b
a)
b)
c)
d)
a
TSOX_062
Vertical index error
Tilting axis
Line perpendicular to tilting axis
Horizontal collimation, or line-of-sight, error
Line-of-sight
The vertical circle should read exactly 90° (100 gon) when the line of sight is horizontal. Any deviation from this figure is termed vertical index error. This is a constant
error that affects all vertical angle readings.
a
b
c
TSOX_063
Access
d
a) Mechanical vertical axis of the instrument, also called
standing axis
b) Axis perpendicular to the vertical axis. True 90°
c) Vertical angle is reading 90°
d) Vertical index error
By determining the vertical index error the electronic
level is adjusted automatically

1) Select
Tools from the Main Menu.
2) Select
Adjust from the Tools Menu.
• Select:
• Hz-Collimation, or
• Vertical Index.

The procedures and conditions required to correct line-of-sight and vertical index
errors are the same, therefore the procedure will only be described once.
FlexLine plus, Check & Adjust
156
Check and adjust
step-by-step
1.
Level the instrument with the electronic level. Refer to "4 Operation"- "Level up
with the electronic level step-by-step".
2.
Aim at a point approximately 100 m from the
instrument which is within 5° of the horizontal.
00
m
~1
± 5°
TSOX_064
3.
4.
Press Store to measure to the target point.
Change face and aim at the target point again
180°
180°


TSOX_065
5.
6.
Messages
For checking the horizontal aim, the difference in Hz and V are displayed.
Press Store to measure to the target point.
The old and new calculated values are displayed.
Either:
• Press More to measure another set to the same target point. The final
adjustment values will be the calculated average from all the measurements.
• Press Cont to save the new adjustment data, or
• Press ESC to exit without saving the new adjustment data.
The following are important messages or warnings that may appear.
Messages
Description
V-Angle is not suitablefor adjustment or
wrong face!
The vertical angle deviates from the required horizontal /
line-of-sight, or in face II the vertical angle deviates by more
than 5° from the target point. Aim at the target point with
an accuracy of min. 5° or, when adjusting the tilt axis, 27°
above or beneath the horizontal plane. Confirmation of the
message required.
Out of Tolerance!
Previous values
retained!
Computed values out of tolerance. The previous values are
retained and measurements should be repeated. Confirmation of the message required.
Hz-Angle is not suitable for adjustment!
Horizontal angle in face II deviates by more than 5° from the
target point. Aim on the target point with an accuracy of
min. 5°. Confirmation of the message required.
Timelimit
exceeded!Please
repeat Adjustment!
Time difference between measurements for results storage
exceeds 15 minutes. Repeat the process. Confirmation of
the message required.
FlexLine plus, Check & Adjust
157
14.4
Adjusting the Compensator
Compensator index
error
a
b
b
c
a
d
TSOX_141
a) Mechanical vertical axis of the instrument, also called
standing axis
b) Plumb line
c) Longitudinal component (l) of the compensator index error
d) Transversal component (t) of the compensator index error
The compensator index errors (l, t) occur, if the vertical axis of the instrument and the
plumb line are parallel but the zero points of the compensator and the circular level
do not coincide. The calibration procedure electronically adjusts the zero point of the
compensator.
A longitudinal component in direction of the telescope and a transversal component
perpendicular to the telescope define the plane of the dual axis compensator of the
instrument.
The longitudinal compensator index error (l) has a similar effect as the vertical index
error and effects all vertical angle readings.
The transversal compensator index error (t) is similar to the tilting axis error. The
effect of this error to the horizontal angle readings is 0 at the horizon and increases
with steep sightings.
Access
1) Select
Tools from the Main Menu.
2) Select
Adjust from the Tools Menu.
3) Select Comp. Index.
Check and adjust
step-by-step
Step
Description
1.
Level the instrument with the electronic level. Refer to "4 Operation" - "Level
up with the electronic level step-by-step".
2.
Press Store to measure the first face. No target has to be aimed at.
3.
Store to release the measurement in the other face.

4.
FlexLine plus, Check & Adjust
If one or more errors are bigger than the predefined limits, the procedure
must be repeated. All measurements of the current run are rejected and are
not averaged with the results from previous runs.
Measure the target.
The standard deviations of the determined adjustment errors can be calculated from the second run onwards.
158
14.5
Adjusting the Tilting Axis Error
Description
The tilting axis error is caused by the deviation between the mechanical tilting axis and
the line perpendicular to the vertical axis. This error affects horizontal angles. To
determine this error, it is necessary to point to a target located significantly below or
above the horizontal plane.

The horizontal collimation error has to be determined before starting this procedure.
Access
1) Select
Tools from the Main Menu.
2) Select
Adjust from the Tools Menu.
3) Select Tilt Axis.
Check and adjust
step-by-step
1.
Level the instrument with the electronic level. Refer to "4 Operation" - "Level up
with the electronic level step-by-step".
2.
Aim at a point approximately 100 m from the
instrument which is at least 27° (30 gon)
above or beneath the horizontal plane.
+ 27°
°
90
V=
- 27°
TSOX_066
3.
4.
Press Store to measure to the target point.
Change face and aim at the target point again
180°
5.


180°
TSOX_065
6.
Messages
For checking the horizontal aim, the difference in Hz and V are displayed.
Press Store to measure to the target point.
The old and new calculated values are displayed.
Either:
• Press More to measure another set to the same target point. The final
adjustment values will be the calculated average from all the measurements.
• Press Cont to save the new adjustment data, or
• Press ESC to exit without saving the new adjustment data.
The same messages or warning as in "14.3 Adjusting Line-of-Sight and Vertical Index
Error" may appear.
FlexLine plus, Check & Adjust
159
14.6
Adjusting the Circular Level of the Instrument and Tribrach
Adjust the circular
level step-by-step
1
3
3
TSOX_067
1.
2.
3.
4.

Place and secure the tribrach onto the tripod, and then secure the instrument
onto the tribrach.
Using the tribrach footscrews, level the instrument with the electronic level. To
activate the electronic level, turn on the instrument, and, if tilt correction is set
to On, the Level & Plummet screen appears automatically. Alternatively, press
the FNC/Favourites key from within any program and select Level.
The bubbles of the instrument and tribrach levels must be centred. If one or
both circular levels are not centred, adjust as follows.
Instrument: If the bubble extends beyond the circle, use the Allen key supplied
to centre it with the adjustment screws.
Tribrach: If the bubble extends beyond the circle, adjust it using the adjustment
pin in conjunction with the adjustment screws. Turn the adjustment screws:
• To the left: and the bubble approaches the screw.
• To the right: and the bubble goes away from the screw.
Repeat step 3. on the instrument and tribrach until both circular levels are
centred and no further adjustments are necessary.
After the adjustment, no adjustment screw should be loose.
FlexLine plus, Check & Adjust
160
14.7

Inspecting the Laser Plummet of the Instrument
The laser plummet is integrated into the vertical axis of the instrument. Under normal
conditions of use, the laser plummet does not need adjusting. If an adjustment is
necessary due to external influences, the instrument has to be returned to a Leica
service department.
Inspect the laser
plummet
step-by-step
1
4
360°
Ø 2.5 mm / 1.5
3
5 3 mm / 1.5 m
TSOX_068
1.
2.
Set up the instrument on the tripod approximately 1.5 m above the ground and
level up.
To activate the laser plummet, turn on the instrument, and, if tilt correction is
set to On, the laser plummet will be activated automatically, and the Level &
Plummet screen appears. Otherwise, press the FNC/Favourites key from within
any program and select Level.
Inspection of the laser plummet should be carried out on a bright,
smooth and horizontal surface, such as a sheet of paper.
Mark the centre of the red laser dot on the ground.
Turn the instrument slowly through 360°, carefully observing the movement of
the red laser dot.
The maximum diameter of the circular movement described by the centre
of the laser dot should not exceed 3 mm at a height of 1.5 m.
If the centre of the laser dot makes a clearly circular movement, or moves more
than 3 mm away from the point which was first marked, an adjustment may be
required. Call your nearest Leica service department.
Depending on brightness and surface type, the size of the laser dot can vary. At
a height of 1.5 m an average diameter of 2.5 mm is estimated.

3.
4.

5.
FlexLine plus, Check & Adjust
161
14.8
Servicing the Tripod
Service the tripod
step-by-step
2
1
3
TSOX_122

The connections between metal and timber components must always be
firm and tight.
1) Tighten the leg cap screws moderately with the allen key supplied.
2) Tighten the articulated joints on the tripod head just enough to keep the tripod legs
open when lifting the tripod off the ground.
3) Tighten the screws of the tripod legs.
FlexLine plus, Check & Adjust
162
15
mySecurity
Description
mySecurity is a cloud-based theft protection. A locking mechanism ensures that the
instrument is disabled and can no longer be used. A Leica Geosystems service centre
will inform local authorities if such an instrument turns up.
mySecurity is activated in myWorld.

Adding/removing
instruments
to/from mySecurity
mySecurity is supported firmware version 3.01 or higher.
The protection level for FlexLine plus instruments is higher than for Flexline instruments. On FlexLine plus instruments it is not possible to upload firmware versions
lower than 3.01 which do not support mySecurity. On FlexLine instruments it is
possible to load older firmware that mySecurity does not support.
Step
Description
1.
Go to myWorld@Leica Geosystems (https://myworld.leica-geosystems.com).

Activating the theft
protection
You must add your instruments to myProducts first, before the instruments can be added to mySecurity.
2.
Select myTrustedServices/mySecurity.
Available information for listed instruments:
• Activation date of the mySecurity service
• Renewal date of the mySecurity service
• Stolen status, in case of the instrument has been flagged as stolen
3.
Click Add to add an instrument to mySecurity.
Select the instrument from the selectable list.
Click OK.
4.
Select an instrument.
Click Remove to delete the instrument from mySecurity.
For an active theft protection, the instrument must be connected to myWorld within
a defined time interval.
If the instrument is not connected within the defined interval, then the instrument is
blocked and cannot be used. In this case, the instrument must be connected to
myWorld again and the theft protection must be reactivated.
Step
Description
1.
Click the check box to select an instrument.
2.
Click Details.
3.
For New mySecurity Renewal, set the start date of the theft protection.
Click In 3 months, In 6 months or In 12 months to define the connection
interval.
4.
Click Set.
5.
Download and install the mySecurity Online Update program.
6.
The program scans for the instrument connection port automatically.
In case automatic scanning fails, click Scan for a search of the port.
Select the connection settings.
7.
FlexLine plus, mySecurity
Click Connect.
163
Step
Description
After the activation, the end date of the theft protection is displayed in the
mySecurity Online Update program and on the instrument.
Status information
on the instrument
8.
Press Close.
9.
Click the Refresh button to update the screen information.
10.
Check the status, the activation date and the renewal date of the theft
protection.
Step
Description
1.
Select
Tools from the Main Menu.
2.
Select
Info from the Tools Menu.
3.
Go to page 4/4 or Dates.
4.
mySec.Renewal Date:
Displays the date when the instrument must be connected to mySecurity.
The date is transferred from myWorld to the instrument.


Report stolen
instrument
Locate stolen
instrument
Ten days before the mySec.Renewal Date, a reminder message is displayed
each time the instrument is turned on.
When the mySec.Renewal Date has been exceeded, a message informs
about the instrument lock. Go to myWorld to renew the theft protection.
Step
Description
1.
Go to myWorld@Leica Geosystems (https://myworld.leica-geosystems.com).
2.
Select myTrustedServices/mySecurity.
3.
Click the check box to select an instrument.
4.
Click Details.
5.
In the General section, click Report as Stolen.
6.
A warning comes up to confirm device as stolen.
Click OK.
7.
The Status of the instrument changes to Stolen!.
A Leica Geosystems service centre informs local authorities if such an instrument turns up.
If a reported, stolen instrument is registered to myWorld, then the IP address of the
computer is logged. The IP address is used to locate the instrument.
In myWorld/myTrustedServices/mySecurity, the Status of the instrument changes
to Located.
Clicking Show Location shows:
• The date and time when the instrument was located
• The IP address of the computer
• A link to show the location on a map
FlexLine plus, mySecurity
164
16
Care and Transport
16.1
Care


Despite an automatic defragmentation, the memory gets fragmented after a while.
Please format the internal memory periodically to maintain the instrument performance.
The target line of the visible laser can drift during the product lifetime. Inspect the
target line visually on a regular basis. If necessary, visit an authorised Leica Service
Centre for adjustment.
16.2
Transport
Transport in the
field
When transporting the equipment in the field, always make sure that you
• either carry the product in its original transport container,
• or carry the tripod with its legs splayed across your shoulder, keeping the attached
product upright.
Transport in a road
vehicle
Never carry the product loose in a road vehicle, as it can be affected by shock and
vibration. Always carry the product in its transport container, original packaging or
equivalent and secure it.
Shipping
When transporting the product by rail, air or sea, always use the complete original
Leica Geosystems packaging, transport container and cardboard box, or its equivalent,
to protect against shock and vibration.
Shipping, transport
of batteries
When transporting or shipping batteries, the person responsible for the product must
ensure that the applicable national and international rules and regulations are
observed. Before transportation or shipping, contact your local passenger or freight
transport company.
Field adjustment
Periodically carry out test measurements and perform the field adjustments indicated
in the User Manual, particularly after the product has been dropped, stored for long
periods or transported.
FlexLine plus, Care and Transport
165
16.3
Storage
Product
Respect the temperature limits when storing the equipment, particularly in summer if
the equipment is inside a vehicle. Refer to "17 Technical Data" for information about
temperature limits.
Field adjustment
Periodically carry out test measurements and perform the field adjustments indicated
in the User Manual, particularly after the product has been dropped, stored for long
periods or transported.
Li-Ion batteries
•
•
•
•
16.4
Cleaning and Drying
Objective, eyepiece
and reflectors
• Blow dust off lenses and prisms.
• Never touch the glass with your fingers.
• Use only a clean, soft, lint-free cloth for cleaning. If necessary, moisten the cloth
with water or pure alcohol. Do not use other liquids; these may attack the polymer
components.
Fogging of prisms
Prisms that are cooler than the ambient temperature tend to fog. It is not enough
simply to wipe them. Keep them for some time inside your jacket or in the vehicle to
allow them to adjust to the ambient temperature.
Damp products
Dry the product, the transport container, the foam inserts and the accessories at a
temperature not greater than 40°C /104°F and clean them. Remove the battery cover
and dry the battery compartment. Do not repack until everything is completely dry.
Always close the transport container when using in the field.
Cables and plugs
Keep plugs clean and dry. Blow away any dirt lodged in the plugs of the connecting
cables.
Refer to "Technical Data" for information about storage temperature range.
Remove batteries from the product and the charger before storing.
After storage recharge batteries before using.
Protect batteries from damp and wetness. Wet or damp batteries must be dried
before storing or use.
• A storage temperature range of 0 °C to +30 °C / +32 °F to +86 °F in a dry environment is recommended to minimize self-discharging of the battery.
• At the recommended storage temperature range, batteries containing a 40% to
50% charge can be stored for up to one year. After this storage period the batteries
must be recharged.
FlexLine plus, Care and Transport
166
17
Technical Data
17.1
Angle Measurement
Accuracy
Available angular
accuracies
Standard deviation Display resolution
Hz, V, ISO 17123-3
["]
[mgon]
["]
[°]
[mgon]
[mil]
1
0.3
0.1
0.0001
0.1
0.01
2
0.6
0.1
0.0001
0.1
0.01
3
1.0
0.1
0.0001
0.1
0.01
5
1.5
0.1
0.0001
0.1
0.01
7
2
0.1
0.0001
0.1
0.01
Characteristics
Absolute, continuous, diametric. Updates each 0.1 to 0.3 s.
17.2
Distance Measurement with Reflectors
Range
Reflector
Range A
Range B
[m]
[ft]
[m]
[ft]
[m]
[ft]
1800
6000
3000
10000
3500
12000
2300
7500
3000
10000
3500
12000
2300
7500
4500
14700
5400
17700
800
2600
1500
5000
2000
7000
Prism mode
150
500
250
800
250
800
Non-prism mode, R500
300
1000
500
1600
>500
>1600
Non-prism mode, R1000
600
1950
1000
3300
>1000 >3300
Mini prism (GMP101)
800
2600
1200
4000
2000
7000
360° Mini prism (GRZ101)
450
1500
800
2600
1000
3300
Standard prism (GPR1)
Range C
3 prisms (GPR1)
360° prism (GRZ4, GRZ122)
Reflector tape 60 mm x 60 mm
Shortest measuring distance:
Atmospheric
conditions
Range A:
Range B:
Range C:
FlexLine plus, Technical Data
1.5 m
Strong haze, visibility 5 km; or strong sunlight, severe heat shimmer
Light haze, visibility about 20 km; or moderate sunlight, slight heat
shimmer
Overcast, no haze, visibility about 40 km; no heat shimmer
167
Accuracy
Accuracy refers to measurements to standard reflectors.
EDM measuring mode
Standard deviation ISO 17123-4
Measurement
time, typical [s]
Precise+
1.5 mm + 2 ppm
1.5 mm + 2 ppm 2.4
2.4
Precise&Fast
2 mm + 2 ppm
2 mm + 2 ppm
2.0
1.0
Tracking
3 mm + 2 ppm
3 mm + 2 ppm
0.3
0.3
Tape
3 mm + 2 ppm
3 mm + 2 ppm
2.4
2.4
Average
1.5 mm + 2 ppm
1.5 mm + 2 ppm Depends on defined
number of measurements
Beam interruptions, severe heat shimmer and moving objects within the beam path
can result in deviations of the specified accuracy.
Characteristics
Principle:
Type:
Carrier wave:
Measuring system:
Phase measurement
Coaxial, visible red laser
658 nm
System analyser basis 100 MHz - 150 MHz
Distance measurement system using phase-shift principle
with frequency 320 MHz
FlexLine plus, Technical Data
168
17.3
Distance Measurement without Reflectors (Non-Prism mode)
Range
Power Pinpoint R500 (without reflector)
Kodak Gray Card
Range D
Range E
Range F
[m]
[ft]
[m]
[ft]
[m]
[ft]
White side, 90 % reflective
250
820
400
1312
>500
>1640
Grey side, 18 % reflective
100
330
150
490
>250
>820
Ultra Pinpoint R1000 (without reflector)
Kodak Gray Card
Range D
[m]
Range E
Range F
[ft]
[m]
[ft]
[m]
[ft]
White side, 90 % reflective 800
2630
1000
3280
>1000
>3280
Grey side, 18 % reflective
1320
500
1640
>500
>1640
Range of Measurement:
Display unambiguous:
Atmospheric
conditions
Range D:
Range E:
Range F:
Accuracy
Valid for
400
1.5 m to 1200 m
up to 1200 m
Object in strong sunlight, severe heat shimmer
Object in shade, or overcast
Underground, night and twilight
and
.
Standard
measuring
ISO 17123-4
Measure time,
typical [s]
Measure time,
maximum [s]
0 m - 500 m
2 mm + 2 ppm
3-6
15
>500 m
4 mm + 2 ppm
3-6
15
Beam interruptions, severe heat shimmer and moving objects within the beam path
can result in deviations of the specified accuracy.
Tracking measuring*
Standard deviation
Tracking
5 mm + 3 ppm
Measure time, typical [s]
0.25
1.00
* Accuracy and measure time depend on atmospheric conditions, target object and
observation situation.
Characteristics
Type:
Carrier wave:
Measuring system:
Coaxial, visible red laser
658 nm
System analyser basis 100 MHz - 150 MHz
Distance measurement system using phase-shift principle with frequency 320 MHz
Laser dot size
Distance [m]
Laser dot size, approximately [mm]
at 30
7 x 10
at 50
8 x 20
at 100
16 x 25
FlexLine plus, Technical Data
169
17.4
Distance Measurement Reflector (>4.0 km)

This chapter is valid for
only.
R500, R1000
Range A
Range
[ft]
[m]
[ft]
[m]
[ft]
Standard prism (GPR1)
2200
7300
7500
24600
>10000
>33000
Reflector tape
60 mm x 60 mm
600
2000
1000
3300
1300
4200
Range A:
Range B:
Range C:
Accuracy
Range C
[m]
Range of measurement:
Display unambiguous:
Atmospheric
conditions
Range B
From 1000 m up to 12000 m
Up to 12 km
Strong haze, visibility 5 km; or strong sunlight, severe heat shimmer
Light haze, visibility about 20 km; or moderate sunlight, slight heat
shimmer
Overcast, no haze, visibility about 40 km; no heat shimmer
Measurement
Mode
ISO 17123-4
Measure time,
typical [s]
Measure time,
maximum [s]
P-Long (>4.0 km)
5 mm + 2 ppm
2.5
12
Beam interruptions, severe heat shimmer and moving objects within the beam path
can result in deviations of the specified accuracy.
Characteristics
Principle:
Type:
Carrier wave:
Measuring system:
FlexLine plus, Technical Data
Phase measurement
Coaxial, visible red laser
658 nm
System analyser basis 100 MHz - 150 MHz
170
17.5
Conformity to National Regulations
17.5.1
Products without Communication side cover
Conformity to
national regulations
• FCC Part 15 (applicable in US).
Hereby, Leica Geosystems AG, declares that the instrument is in compliance with the essential requirements and other relevant provisions of
applicable European Directives. The declaration of conformity may be
consulted at http://www.leica-geosystems.com/ce.
• Japanese Radio Law and Japanese Telecommunications Business Law Compliance.
– This device is granted pursuant to the Japanese Radio Law (電波法 ) and the Japanese Telecommunications Business Law (電気通信事業法 ).
– This device should not be modified (otherwise the granted designation number
will become invalid).
17.5.2
Products with Communication side cover
Conformity to
national regulations
• FCC Part 15 (applicable in US).
• Hereby, Leica Geosystems AG, declares that the instrument with Communication
side cover is in compliance with the essential requirements and other relevant
provisions of Directive 1999/5/EC and other applicable European Directives. The
declaration of conformity may be consulted at http://www.leica-geosystems.com/ce.
Class 1 equipment according European Directive 1999/5/EC (R&TTE) can
be placed on the market and be put into service without restrictions in
any EEA Member state.
• The conformity for countries with other national regulations not covered by the FCC
part 15 or European directive 1999/5/EC has to be approved prior to use and operation.
• Japanese Radio Law and Japanese Telecommunications Business Law Compliance.
– This device is granted pursuant to the Japanese Radio Law (電波法 ) and the Japanese Telecommunications Business Law (電気通信事業法 ).
– This device should not be modified (otherwise the granted designation number
will become invalid).
Frequency band
2402 - 2480 MHz
Output power
Bluetooth:
2.5 mW
Antenna
Type:
Gain:
Mono pole
+2 dBi
FlexLine plus, Technical Data
171
17.5.3
Dangerous Goods Regulations
Dangerous Goods
Regulations
The products of Leica Geosystems are powered by Lithium batteries.
Lithium batteries can be dangerous under certain conditions and can pose a safety
hazard. In certain conditions, Lithium batteries can overheat and ignite.



FlexLine plus, Technical Data
When carrying or shipping your Leica product with Lithium batteries onboard a
commercial aircraft, you must do so in accordance with the
IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations.
Leica Geosystems has developed Guidelines on “How to carry Leica products”
and “How to ship Leica products” with Lithium batteries. Before any transportation of a Leica product, we ask you to consult these guidelines on our web
page (http://www.leica-geosystems.com/dgr) to ensure that you are in accordance with the IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations and that the Leica products
can be transported correctly.
Damaged or defective batteries are prohibited from being carried or transported onboard any aircraft. Therefore, ensure that the condition of any
battery is safe for transportation.
172
17.6
General Technical Data of the Instrument
Telescope
Magnification:
Free Objective aperture:
Focusing:
Field of view:
Compensation
Quadruple axis compensation (2-axis compensator with Hz-collimation and V-Index).
Angular accuracy
Setting accuracy
Setting range
["]
["]
[mgon]
[’]
[gon]
1
0.5
0.2
±4
0.07
2
0.5
0.2
±4
0.07
3
1
0.3
±4
0.07
5
1.5
0.5
±4
0.07
7
2
0.7
±4
0.07
Level
Circular level sensitivity:
Electronic level resolution:
Control unit
B&W display:
C&T display:
Instrument Ports
30 x
40 mm
1.7 m/5.6 ft to infinity
1°30’/1.66 gon.
2.7 m at 100 m
6’/2 mm
2"
288 x 160 pixels, LCD, backlit, 8 lines with 31 characters each,
heatable (temp. <-5°).
320 x 240 pixels (QVGA), LCD, backlit, 9 lines with 31 characters
each, keyboard illumination
Name
Description
RS232
5 pin LEMO-0 for power, communication, data transfer.
This port is located at the base of the instrument.
USB host port*
USB memory stick port for data transfer.
USB device port*
Cable connections from USB devices for communication and data
transfer.
Bluetooth*
Bluetooth connections for communication and data transfer.
* Only for instruments fitted with a Communication side cover.
FlexLine plus, Technical Data
173
101.9 mm
TSOX_086
101.9 mm
316 mm
196 mm
316 mm
196 mm
Instrument
dimensions
225 mm
203.8 mm
86.6 mm
002726_002
316 mm
225 mm
173.2 mm
Instrument:
Tribrach:
Battery GEB212:
Battery GEB221:
Battery GEB222:
Tilting axis height
Without tribrach:
With tribrach (GDF111):
Laser plummet
196 mm
86.6 mm
Weight
Recording
316 mm
196 mm
Instrument
dimensions
4.2 kg - 4.5 kg (depending on hardware configuration)
760 g
110 g
210 g
210 g
196 mm
240 mm ±5 mm
Model
Memory Type
Capacity [MB]
Number of
measurements
TS02 plus
Internal memory
32
13,500
TS06 plus / TS09 plus
Internal memory
32
60,000
Type:
Location:
Accuracy:
Diameter of laser point:
FlexLine plus, Technical Data
Visible red laser class 2
In standing axis of instrument
Deviation from plumb line:
1.5 mm (2 sigma) at 1.5 m instrument height
2.5 mm at 1.5 m instrument height
174
Power
Internal battery
External supply voltage:
(via serial interface)
Type
Battery
Voltage
Capacity
Operating time, typically*
GEB211
Li-Ion
7.4 V
2.2 Ah
~ 10 h
GEB212
Li-Ion
7.4 V
2.6 Ah
~ 12 h
GEB221
Li-Ion
7.4 V
4.4 Ah
~ 20 h
GEB222
Li-Ion
7.4 V
6.0 Ah
~ 30 h
*
Environmental
specifications
Nominal voltage 12.8 V DC, Range 11.5 V-14 V
Based on a single measurement every 30 s at 25°C. Operating time may be shorter
if battery is not new.
Temperature
Type
Operating temperature
Storage temperature
[°C]
[°F]
[°C]
[°F]
All instruments
-20 to +50
-4 to +122
-40 to +70
-40 to +158
Battery
-20 to +50
-4 to +122
-40 to +70
-40 to +158
-40 to +185
-50 to +95
-58 to +203
USB memory stick -40 to +85
Protection against water, dust and sand
Type
Protection
All instruments
IP55 (IEC 60529)
Humidity
Type
Protection
All instruments
Max 95% non condensing.
The effects of condensation are to be effectively counteracted by
periodically drying out the instrument.
Arctic model
Operating range:
-35°C to +50°C (-31°F to +122°F)
To minimise unavoidable slowdown of display performance for the
Arctic option, switch display heating on and connect the external
battery. Allow for a short warm-up time.
Electronic Guide
Light EGL
Available for
Automatic
corrections

instruments.
Working range:
5 m to 150 m (15 ft to 500 ft)
Position accuracy: 5 cm at 100 m (1.97" at 330 ft)
The following automatic corrections are made:
•
•
•
•
Line of sight error
Tilting axis error
Earth curvature
Standing axis tilt
FlexLine plus, Technical Data
•
•
•
•
Vertical index error
Refraction
Compensator index error
Circle eccentricity
175
17.7
Scale Correction
Use of scale
correction
By entering a scale correction, reductions proportional to distance can be taken into
account.
• Atmospheric correction.
• Reduction to mean sea level.
• Projection distortion.
Atmospheric
correction
The slope distance displayed is correct if the scale correction in ppm, mm/km, which
has been entered corresponds to the atmospheric conditions prevailing at the time of
the measurement.
The atmospheric correction includes:
• Adjustments for air pressure
• Air temperature
For highest precision distance measurements, the atmospheric correction should be
determined with:
• An accuracy of 1 ppm
• Air temperature to 1°C
• Air pressure to 3 mbar
Atmospheric
corrections °C
Atmospheric corrections in ppm with temperature [°C], air pressure [mb] and height
[m] at 60 % relative humidity.
600
650
700
750
800
850
900
950
1000 1050 mb
50°C
40°C
12
0
11
5
11
0
10
5
10
0
95
90
85
80
75
70
65
60
55
50
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
12
40°C
5
13
0
5
13
14
0
550 mb
50°C
30°C
20°C
10°C
20°C
10°C
0°C
-1 5
-1 0
-2 5
-2 0
5
-3
-3 0
-4 5
0
0
0°C
30°C
-10°C
-20°C
550 mb
TS_108
600
5000 m 4500
FlexLine plus, Technical Data
4000
650
700
750
800
3500
3000
2500
2000
850
1500
900
950
1000
500
-10°C
-20°C
1000 1050 mb
0m
176
Atmospheric
correction °F
Atmospheric corrections in ppm with temperature [°F], air pressure [inch Hg] and
height [ft] at 60 % relative humidity.
16 17
18 19
20
21
22 23
24 25
26
27
28
29 30
120°F
110°F
100°F
90°F
80°F
70°F
60°F
50°F
40°F
30°F
120°F
110°F
100°F
90°F
80°F
70°F
60°F
50°F
40°F
30°F
-1 -5
-1 0
-2 5
-2 0
-3 5
-3 0
-4 5
-4 0
- 5
-5 50
5
0
20°F
10°F
0°F
-10°F
-20°F
FlexLine plus, Technical Data
24 25
26
27
28
29 30
10°F
0°F
-10°F
-20°F
31 32 inch Hg
ft
22 23
20°F
o
21
00
20
10
16
[ ft ]
18 19
00
15 0
00
14 0
0
13 00
00
12 0
00
0
11
00
10 0
00
0
90
00
80
00
70
00
60
00
50
00
40
00
30
00
20
00
16 17
TS_109
31 32 inch Hg
130°F
14
14 5
0
13
5
13
0
12
5
12
11 0
5
11
10 0
5
10
0
95
90
85
80
75
70
65
60
55
50
45
40
35
3
25 0
20
1
10 5
5
130°F
177
17.8
Reduction Formulas
Formulas
c
b
a
b
c
a
TSOX_126
Mean Sea Level
Instrument
Reflector
Slope distance
Horizontal distance
Height difference
The instrument calculates the slope distance, horizontal distance, and height difference in accordance with the following formulas. Earth curvature (1/R) and mean
refraction coefficient (k = 0.13) are automatically taken into account when calculating
the horizontal distance and height difference. The calculated horizontal distance
relates to the station height and not to the reflector height.
Slope distance
-6
= D · ( 1 + ppm · 10
0
) + mm
TSOX_127
Displayed slope distance [m]
D0 Uncorrected distance [m]
ppmAtmospheric scale correction [mm/km]
mm prism constant [mm]
Horizontal distance
=Y-A·X·Y
Y
X
TSOX_128
A
Horizontal distance [m]
* sinζ
* cosζ
ζ = Vertical circle reading
(1 - k/2)/R = 1.47 * 10-7 [m-1]
k = 0.13 (mean refraction coefficient)
R = 6.378 * 106 m (radius of the earth)
Height difference
=X+B·Y
TSOX_129
2
Y
X
B
FlexLine plus, Technical Data
Height difference [m]
* sinζ
* cosζ
ζ = Vertical circle reading
(1 - k)/2R = 6.83 * 10-8 [m-1]
k = 0.13 (mean refraction coefficient)
R = 6.378 * 106 m (radius of the earth)
178
18
Software Licence Agreement
Software Licence
Agreement
This product contains software that is preinstalled on the product, or that is supplied
to you on a data carrier medium, or that can be downloaded by you online according
to prior authorisation from Leica Geosystems. Such software is protected by copyright
and other laws and its use is defined and regulated by the Leica Geosystems Software
Licence Agreement, which covers aspects such as, but not limited to, Scope of the
Licence, Warranty, Intellectual Property Rights, Limitation of Liability, Exclusion of
other Assurances, Governing Law and Place of Jurisdiction. Please make sure, that at
any time you fully comply with the terms and conditions of the Leica Geosystems Software Licence Agreement.
Such agreement is provided together with all products and can also be referred to and
downloaded at the Leica Geosystems home page at
http://leica-geosystems.com/about-us/compliance-standards/legal-documents
or collected from your Leica Geosystems distributor.
You must not install or use the software unless you have read and accepted the terms
and conditions of the Leica Geosystems Software Licence Agreement. Installation or
use of the software or any part thereof, is deemed to be an acceptance of all the
terms and conditions of such Licence Agreement. If you do not agree to all or some
of the terms of such Licence Agreement, you must not download, install or use the
software and you must return the unused software together with its accompanying
documentation and the purchase receipt to the distributor from whom you purchased
the product within ten (10) days of purchase to obtain a full refund of the purchase
price.
FlexLine plus, Software Licence Agreement
179
19
Glossary
Instrument axis
SA
KA
ZA
KA
SA
SA
V
ZA
KA
VK
Hz0
Hz
HK
SA
TSOX_002
Plumb line /
compensator
ZA = Line of sight / collimation axis
Telescope axis = line from the reticle to the
center of the objective.
SA = Standing axis
Vertical rotation axis of the telescope.
KA = Tilting axis
Horizontal rotation axis of the telescope.
Also known as the Trunion axis.
V = Vertical angle / zenith angle
VK = Vertical circle
With coded circular division for reading the
vertical angle.
Hz = Horizontal direction
HK = Horizontal circle
With coded circular division for reading the
horizontal angle.
Direction of gravity. The compensator defines the plumb line
within the instrument.
TS0X_003
Standing axis
inclination
Angle between plumb line and standing axis.
Standing axis tilt is not an instrument error and is not eliminated
by measuring in both faces. Any possible influence it may have on
the horizontal direction or vertical angle is eliminated by the dual
axis compensator.
TS0X_004
Zenith
Point on the plumb line above the observer.
TS0X_070
Reticle
Glass plate within the telescope with reticle.
TS0X_071
Line-of-sight error
(horizontal
collimation)
c
The line-of-sight error (c) is the deviation from the perpendicular
between the tilting axis and line of sight. This could be eliminated
by measuring in both faces.
TS0X_005
FlexLine plus, Glossary
180
Vertical index error
With a horizontal line of sight the vertical circle reading should be
exactly 90°(100 gon). The deviation from this value is termed the
Vertical index error (i).
i
TS0X_006
Tilting axis error
The tilting axis error is the deviation within the horizontal rotation
axis, between measurements in both faces.
TS0X_131
Explanation of
displayed data
E, N, H
hr
hi
E0, N0, H0
FlexLine plus, Glossary
TSOX_07
Indicated meteorological corrected slope
distance between instrument tilting axis
and center of prism/laser dot
Indicated meteorological corrected horizontal distance
Height difference between station and
target point
hr
Reflector height above ground
hi
Instrument height above ground
E0, N0, H0
Easting, Northing and Height coordinates
of station
E, N, H
Easting, Northing and Height coordinates
of target point
181
Appendix A
Menu Tree

Depending on local firmware versions the menu items may differ.
Menu Tree
|——
|
|
|——
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|——
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|——
|
|
|
|——
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
FlexLine plus, Menu Tree
Q-Survey
Programs
|—— Station Setup
|—— Survey
|—— Stakeout
|—— Tie Distance
|—— COGO
|—— Area & DTM Volume
|—— Remote Height
|—— Traverse
|—— Reference Line
|—— Reference Arc
|—— Reference Plane
|—— Road 2D
|—— Road 3D
|—— Tunnel
Manage
|—— Job
|—— Fixpoints
|—— Meas.Data
|—— Codes
|—— Formats
|—— Del.Data
|—— USB-Stick
|—— ScrShots
Transfer
|—— Export
|—— Import
Settings
|—— Work
Trigger Key1, Trigger Key2, USER Key 1, USER Key 2, Tilt Correct, Hz Correct.,
Line 1 to Line 14, Only 50 Pts, Show PtID, Show PtCode, Only 50 Pts,
Center to, Icon1 to Icon7
|—— Regional
Hz Increment, V-Setting, V After DIST, Language, Lang.Choice, Angle Unit, Min.
Reading, Dist. Unit, Dist.Decimal, Temp. Unit, Press.Unit, Grade Unit,
Time (24h), Date, Format
|—— Data
Double PtID, Sort Type, Sort Order, Code Record, Code, Data Output,
GSI-Format, GSI-Mask
|—— Screen…
Display Ill., Keyb. Ill.**, Reticle Ill., Contrast*, Displ.Heater*, Touch Screen**,
Auto-Off, Screensaver, Beep, Sector Beep, Stakeout Beep
|—— EDM
EDM Mode, Target, Meas. Mode, No. of Meas., Leica Const., Abs. Const., LaserPoint, Guide Light
|—— Interface
Port :, Bluetooth:, Baud rate:, Data bits:, Parity :, Endmark :, Stop bits: 1,
Acknowlge:
182
|—— Tools
|
|
|—— Adjust
Hz-Collimation, Vertical Index, Comp. Index, Tilt Axis, F1 View Adjustment Data,
F2 Adjustment Reminder
|
|—— Startup
|
|—— Info
Instr. Type, Serial No., Equip.No., NP-Type, Instr.Temp., Battery, Instr.-Firmware, Build Number, Active Language, EDM-Firmware, Oper. System, Job,
Stations, Fixpoints, Meas.Records, Occ.Job Mem., Maint.-End Date, Next
Service Date
|
|—— Licence
|
|—— PIN
Use PIN-Code, New PIN-Code
|
|—— Load FW
F1 Firmware,EDM-FW,Logo, F2 Language(s) only
* Valid for Black&White displays only
** Valid for Color&Touch displays only
FlexLine plus, Menu Tree
183
Appendix B
Directory Structure
Description
On the USB memory stick, files are stored in certain directories. The following diagram
is the default directory structure.
Directory Structure
|——
|
|——
|
|——
|
|
|
|
|——
CODES
• Codelists (*.cls)
FORMATS
• Format files (*.frt)
JOBS
|
|
|—— IMAGES
• GSI, DXF, ASCII and LandXML files (*.*)
• Logfiles created from programs
• Image files (*.bmp), stored in a subfolder per job.
SYSTEM
•
•
•
•
FlexLine plus, Directory Structure
Firmware files (FlexField.fw and FlexField_EDM.fw)
Language files (FlexField_Lang_xx.fw)
Licence file (*.key)
Configuration files (*.cfg)
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FlexLine plus, Directory Structure
185
805707-5.0.0en
Original text
Published in Switzerland
© 2016 Leica Geosystems AG, Heerbrugg, Switzerland
Leica Geosystems AG
Heinrich-Wild-Strasse
CH-9435 Heerbrugg
Switzerland
Phone +41 71 727 31 31
www.leica-geosystems.com
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