Windows* Store App Features and Differentiators

Windows* Store App Features and Differentiators
Windows* Store App Features and
Differentiators
Abstract
This article highlights the key features of Microsoft Windows* 8 operating system. It provides a
summary of the differentiating features of Windows Store apps running on Intel® Core™ and Intel®
Atom™ processors. One objective of this article is to serve as an introductory reference for
application developers new to Windows 8.
Overview
Officially released in October 2012, Windows 8 revolutionizes the user interface over other versions
of Windows. Some of the new compelling features introduced include:
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The Start Screen
The ability to run across many different types of hardware devices, from tablets based on
Intel Atom processors to Ultrabook™ systems with Intel Core processors
Optimized for Touch while providing full keyboard and mouse support
Apps from the Windows Store
On Windows 8, Windows Store apps can incorporate the following new UI/UX features, which we
will describe in more detail later in this document:
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Live tiles
Charms
"Lock Screen” update
App bar
Snapped and fill view
Semantic zoom
For application developers, these features can be implemented with the Visual Studio* 2012 and
Windows Runtime APIs using familiar programming languages such as Visual C#*, JavaScript*, or
Visual C++*.
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Live Tiles
On the Windows 8 Start screen, installed applications are depicted using icons or “Tiles.” Touching a
tile or clicking on it with the mouse, launches the application.
On the Start screen, tiles can be presented in two sizes, a square (small) and a rectangle
(large/wide). For applications that support both tile sizes, users can choose to display either. Tiles
can either display a static image/icon or a dynamic “live” image that is updated via notifications from
the application represented by the tile.
Tiles present rich content from the apps even when they are not the active application. When a user
is on the Start screen, all applications that present a Live Tile, update the content while running in
the background. For examples, a weather app can display your current local temperatures, and a
finance app can show the current market snapshot.
Figure 1 Tiles in Windows* 8 Start screen.
For application developers, a compelling live tile makes your app stand out on the Windows Start
screen. Windows Runtime provides Windows.UI.Notifications APIs and a catalog of tile templates
to implement tile updates. The following tutorials can help you get started:

Sending a tile update
2
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The tile template catalog
Charms
On Windows 8, at anytime and anywhere, if you swipe from the right edge into the screen or mouse
point on the upper right corner or lower right corner, a vertical bar will appear on the right side of
the screen showing additional functions, i.e., charms. They include Search, Share, Start, Devices,
Settings, and more. Charms can be customized to include extra behaviors inside a specific app
beyond what is available from the Start screen.
Figure 2 Charms appear on the right-side of the screen when the right edge swipe gesture is used.
We will discuss the functionality of each charm below.
Search
With the Search charm, you can search for apps, files, and other items on your system locally. You
can also search for things on the Internet using a specific app or service, such as Bing*.
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Figure 3 The Search charm.
In Windows Store apps, you can let users search within your app by adding the Search contract. The
following tutorial will get you started:

Adding search to an app
Share
Within a specific app, you can quickly share files, photos, web links, or other information with other
people by using the Share charm. It will display a list of apps or services you can share with.
4
Figure 4 The Share charm under Bing* Weather let you share the current local weather through email and other social
networking apps
The Windows.ApplicationModel.DataTransfer namespace includes the basic classes and APIs you
need to enable sharing in your Windows Store apps. The following tutorial has more information:

Sharing content
Start
The Start charm allows you to quickly go back to the Start screen from any app. If you are already in
the Start screen, pressing or clicking the Start charm will go back to the last app you used.
Devices
The Devices charm is mainly used to set up connections with external devices, such as printers,
displays, or wireless TVs.
Settings
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You can use the Settings charm to personalize your PC and customize a specific app.
Figure 5 The Settings charm allows you to personalize the PC
Windows Store app developers can use Windows.UI.ApplicationSettings class to implement the
Settings contract and to add app settings:

Add app settings
In summary, we discussed the usages of charms in Windows 8 and provided links on how to
implement charms in Windows Store apps.
App Bar
Most desktop operating systems users are familiar with the Menu bar and the Tool bar that allow
access to various functions/actions supported by the application. Typically, with current desktop
operating system apps, even though the Menu and Tool bars are not needed all the time while
interacting with the app, the control bars permanently occupy the application’s UI real estate and
can be distracting.
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In Windows 8 Store apps, to embrace the immersive and full-screen design fundamentals, the menu
options and commands are no longer permanently displayed while the user interacts with the app,
but are instead part of the App bar. They no longer permanently occupy the app’s valuable UI real
estate. Both the app bar and charms, discussed in the previous section, are “UI on demand.” They
only show up when the user requests them.
App bars can be at the top of the screen, at the bottom of the screen, or both. The user can swipe
into the screen from either the top edge or the bottom edge, or right click within the screen to
display the app bars. Within a screen, the user swipes or right clicks to select items, the app bar
responds by showing options and commands valid for the currently selected item(s).
While charms expose standard functionality and operation supported by all the installed apps,
application specific items can be included in the app bar based on the app’s context. They can be
different across apps, across the screens within an app, and across different items selected on a
screen.
Figure 6 App bar for a Calendar app
Windows Store app developers can use XMAL’s AppBar control to easily add an app bar. Please refer
to the following tutorial for more information:

Adding app bars
7
Lock screen apps
By default, the Windows 8 lock screen always shows some basic system information, such as date,
time, network status, and battery level. When the device is in a locked state, Windows 8 also allows
up to seven apps to run in the background and display Badges and Toasts on the lock screen. In
addition, one of those apps is allowed to show its latest tile notification text. Users can configure
which apps show their status and notifications from the Settings charm / Change PC settings
/Personalize / Lock screen.
Figure 7 A lock screen shows the Email app and the weather app's status and notifications. The weather app shows the
tile notification text.
As Windows Store app developers, you can enable your apps to show tile and badge updates on the
lock screen by following the tutorial:

Showing tile and badge updates on the lock screen
8
Snapped and Fill Views
For devices with a horizontal resolution of 1366 relative pixels or greater, Windows 8 allows users
to interact with two applications simultaneously. Both applications run side by side on the screen,
where one application occupies ¾ of the screen (Fill View), and the other occupies the remaining ¼
of the screen (Snapped View). The snapped view app can be on either the left or right side of the
screen while the Fill View occupies the remainder of the screen along with the divider. The divider
can be dragged to the left or the right to switch the application from Filled View to Snapped View
and vice versa.
Snapped view mode can be invoked via a “swipe and hold” gesture with a finger or mouse pointer by
swiping from the top of the screen towards either the left or right side of the screen until a divider
appears. The app can then be “dropped” in the smaller snapped region by releasing the mouse or by
lifting the finger off of the screen.
Figure 8 The Bing* Finance app is running in the snapped view mode, while the Bing Weather app is running in the fill view
mode
To make the Windows Store apps behave properly when running in the snapped view mode, you
must adhere to the following guidelines:

Guidelines for snapped and fill views
9
Semantic Zoom
People who have experiences with touch-screen devices that support multi-touch are familiar with
using the pinch gestures to zoom in and zoom out to enlarge or shrink an image, a web page, or a
map view. Semantic Zoom extends the zoom concept in Windows Store apps by allowing zoom to
operate on other data.
To invoke the semantic zoom, the user uses the pinch gesture, or Ctrl key while scrolling the mouse
scroll wheel.
Figure 9 The zoomed-in mode (normal mode) of the Bing* Finance app.
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Figure 10 The zoomed out mode of the Bing* Finance app.
To support semantic zoom, the application should organize and present data or information in two
distinct modes: one low-level (or zoomed-in) mode that displays the normal data or information, and
one high-level (or zoomed-out) mode that displays a summarized view with data or information
grouped and categorized. From the zoomed-out mode, users can quickly jump to the detailed section
they want to access.
An example of semantic zoom is an app that primarily displays a list of the customers. The zoomedout mode would show a list of states customers reside in.
To support Semantic Zoom in the Windows Store apps, follow these guidelines:

Guidelines for Semantic Zoom
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Development Tools
To develop Window Store apps, application developers can use Visual Studio 2012 and the
languages they may have learned and used before: Visual C#, Visual C++, HTML5/CSS, JavaScript,
Visual Basic*, etc. Visual Studio 2012 is also integrated with the popular and powerful design tools
such as Blend.

Develop Windows Store apps using Visual Studio 2012
Improved User Experiences on Intel® Architecture-based Devices
On Intel® Architecture-based systems, application developers can utilize some features available on
Intel® processors. They can use WiDi in Windows 8 Desktop apps to provide a premium user
experience and unique usage models:

Download Intel® WiDi Extensions SDK
Developers can also integrate Perceptual Computing SDK features such as gesture recognition,
voice recognition, and augmented reality to create new app experiences:

Intel® Perceptual Computing SDK
Summary
In this article, we discussed the differentiating features in Windows 8 and Windows Store apps. We
also provided links to tutorials on how to use these features.
Comment [LP1]: All of the bullet formatting is
“off.” IDZ please fix it.
References and Resources

Resources for iOS* developers
http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/apps/jj680134
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
Porting iOS Apps to Windows 8 (1) : Introducing Windows 8 Platform to iOS App Developers
http://blogs.msdn.com/b/win8devsupport/archive/2012/11/14/porting-ios-apps-towindows-8-1-introducing-windows-8-platform-to-ios-app-developers.aspx
Porting iOS Apps to Windows 8 (2) : User Interface
http://blogs.msdn.com/b/win8devsupport/archive/2012/11/16/porting-ios-apps-towindows-8-2-user-interface.aspx
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Case studies (Windows Store apps) - Some good guidelines for UI design
http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/apps/hh770549.aspx
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A good starting point for developers to become familiar with the tools and features of
programming Windows Store apps:
o Getting started with Windows Store apps (Windows)
http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/apps/br211386.aspx
Some links that dig deeper into the programming details of Windows Store apps:
o Developing Windows Store apps (Windows)
http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/apps/xaml/BR229566
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
o
Learn to build Windows Store apps
http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/windows/apps/
o
Introduction to creating Windows Store apps using XAML – BUILD video
http://channel9.msdn.com/Events/Build/2012/3-116
A summary page with multiple links on articles with details about writing multimedia
Windows Store apps:
o Adding multimedia (Windows Store apps using C#/VB/C++ and XAML) (Windows)
http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/apps/xaml/hh465134.aspx
o Designing UX for apps
http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/windows/apps/hh779072/
o Quickstart: Touch input (Windows Store apps using C#/VB/C++ and XAML)
http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/apps/xaml/hh465387.aspx
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Quickstart: Creating a media player app (Windows Store apps using C#/VB/C++ and
XAML)
o http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/apps/xaml/hh986967.aspx
o

Various Intel® Developer Zone articles about programming for Windows 8 written by the
Intel team:
o Windows* Style app development: Using Window Runtime from C#
http://software.intel.com/en-us/articles/windows-8-metro-style-app-developmentusing-winrt-from-c
Enabling Touch in Windows 8* Style UI Apps with C#
http://software.intel.com/en-us/articles/enabling-touch-in-windows-8-metro-styleapps-with-c
o
o Porting iOS Apps to Windows 8 - Overview
http://software.intel.com/en-us/articles/porting-ios-apps-to-windows-8-overview
o Porting App Life Cycle, Settings and Search features from iOS to Windows 8
http://software.intel.com/en-us/articles/porting-app-life-cycle-settings-and-searchfeatures-from-ios-to-windows-8
o Porting the User Interface from an iOS Basic App to Windows* 8
http://software.intel.com/en-us/articles/porting-the-user-interface-from-an-ios-basicapp-to-windows-8
Porting Advanced User Interfaces from iOS to Windows* 8
http://software.intel.com/en-us/articles/porting-advanced-user-interfaces-from-iosto-windows-8
o
o Porting iOS Custom Charts and Graphs to Windows* 8 UI
http://software.intel.com/en-us/articles/porting-ios-custom-charts-and-graphs-towindows-8-ui

In addition to the articles above, samples of Windows Store Apps are a great resource, and
you can find some here:
http://code.msdn.microsoft.com/windowsapps/
If you have some previous exposure to XAML, this article addresses some of the
differences with programming for Windows Store apps.
Porting Silverlight* or WPF XAML/code to a Windows Store app (Windows)

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/apps/xaml/br229571.aspx
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
BUILD videos are another great resource that are easy to search and find what you are
looking for:
http://channel9.msdn.com/Events/Build

The last recommendation is to sign up for the developer forums on the Windows 8 site. If
any technical questions or API problems are encountered, the question might have already
been discussed/answered there, or it is easy to start a new thread to get the question
answered:
http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-US/windows/apps/br229515/

Other Reference articles and blogs:
http://apimappingsite.cloudapp.net/library?source=iOS#iOS-iOS
http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/apps/hh974578.aspx
http://blog.bignerdranch.com/1010-windows-8-for-ios-developer/
About the Author
Miao Wei is a software engineer in the Intel Software and Services Group. He is
currently working on scale-enabling projects for Intel Atom processors.
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