Using TDM Function to Interface Four AIC33

Using TDM Function to Interface Four AIC33
Application Report
SLAA301 – July 2006
Using TDM Function to Interface Four TLV320AIC33
Codecs With a Single Host Processor
Wendy Fang ...................................................................................................... DAP - Industrial Audio
ABSTRACT
This application report discusses how to use the TLV320AIC33 audio data port’s
time-division multiplexing (TDM) function to connect, interface, and run four
TLV320AIC33 codec devices simultaneously under the control of a single host
processor. Four TLV320AIC33 EVM boards and one USB-MODEVM board were used
to test the interface and function.
Contents
1
Introduction .......................................................................................... 2
2
Considerations ...................................................................................... 2
3
Hardware and Connection ......................................................................... 5
4
Software Script ...................................................................................... 5
5
TDM Test Results .................................................................................. 6
6
Conclusion ........................................................................................... 9
7
References .......................................................................................... 9
Appendix A
AIC33EVM Software Script ............................................................ 10
List of Figures
1
2
3
4
5
6
Four AIC33 Codecs Interfaced With a Single Host Processor/DSP .........................
BCLKs for Four AIC33 Slots ......................................................................
Four AIC33 Devices TDM Bus ....................................................................
Four AIC33 Devices TDM Bus (Details Within a Frame) .....................................
Four AIC33 Devices TDM Bus (Details Within the First AIC33) .............................
Four AIC33 Devices TDM Bus (Details on BCLK) .............................................
1
2
I2C
2
4
7
7
8
8
List of Tables
Address Settings ............................................................................... 3
TDM Bus Different Bit Delay on Four AIC33EVMs (Under the 16-Bit Word Length) ..... 4
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Introduction
1
Introduction
To use a TLV320AIC33 (or AIC33 for short) codec device, the host processor or DSP needs two digital
serial buses to communicate with the codec (see SLAS480). The two buses are:
• The control interface (I2C or SPI bus) to set up and control the codec
• The audio data interface (I2S bus) to transfer audio data between the host and the codec
With some applications, more than one AIC33 codec can be used and controlled by a single host
processor. A multiple AIC33 system saves resources and simplifies the whole system. Figure 1 shows a
block diagram of such a system.
AIC33
Control
Bus
Host Processor/DSP
AIC33
Audio Data
AIC33
Bus
AIC33
Figure 1. Four AIC33 Codecs Interfaced With a Single Host Processor/DSP
This application report discusses how to set up, configure, connect, and run the system shown in Figure 1.
The system has been tested using four TI AIC33 EVM boards and one TI USB-MODEVM board. One
AIC33 codec is on each of the EVM boards; the host processor (a TI TAS1020B USB controller) is located
on the USB-MODEVM board. See the SBAU114 user's guide for details on the AIC33EVM and
AIC33EVM-PDK.
2
Considerations
To implement the system shown in Figure 1, a host processor and four AIC33 devices are needed. This
application report used one USB-MODEVM board and four AIC33EVM boards. The USB-MODEVM board
is not individually orderable but is a part of TLV320AIC33EVM-PDK. Thus, to duplicate this application,
the user needs to order three TLV320AIC33EVM, and one TLV320AIC33EVM-PDK that includes one
TLV320AIC33EVM board and one USB-MODEVM board.
Certain steps are critical for setting up and running a four-AIC33 codec system. This section of this
application report focuses on additional operation limitations or considerations for stacking four AIC33
EVMs to implement and operate the system shown in Figure 1.
2.1
Power Supply
During power up, the motherboard (USB-MODEVM) can draw about 100 mA by itself. During operation,
the USB-MODEVM plus one AIC33 can require current of 200 mA or more. Therefore, it can be expected
that the system shown in Figure 1 will require much higher current than 200 mA.
The current budget on a full-rated USB port can be a maximum of 500 mA. Thus, to operate the four
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Considerations
AIC33EVM stacking system through a power supply from the USB cable (connected to the
USB-MODEVM board) may be questionable. However, as discussed in this application report, because
not more than two of the same audio outputs from different AIC33 devices should be enabled
simultaneously, it may be acceptable to use the USB power supply for the four AIC33EVMs stacking
operation.
For safety, however, it is recommended to use a laboratory power supply for powering and testing the four
AIC33EVM stacked system.
To connect power from an external laboratory power supply, move JMP6 to 2~3 on the USB-MODEVM
board, and then connect the laboratory power supply, ranging from 6 Vdc to 10 Vdc, to the board through
the J8 terminal block or J9 power connector. See the section on USB-MODEVM Interface Power in the
user's guide SBAU114 for more details.
2.2
Digital Connections
The digital pins on an AIC33 device includes the control bus pins (SPI or I2C); the audio data bus pins (I2S
or DSP or other); and other GPIO pins, such as GPIO1 or MFP2.
All of these digital signals are available on an AIC33EVM board through the board’s J16 and J17
connectors.
2.2.1
Control Interface
To operate four AIC33 codecs together, only the I2C bus (not the SPI) should be used as the control
interface.
Before stacking an AIC33EVM on top of the USB-MODEVM, the following hardware jumpers on the
AIC33EVM board need to be set up:
• Wire the AIC33 devices’ SELECT pin low (set JMP10 to 3~5 on the AIC33 EVM boards)
• Set the address pins (A1 and A0) on the four AIC33 devices differently. That is, set up JMP11 and
JMP12 as shown in Table 1:
Table 1. I2C Address Settings
2.2.2
JMP12
JMP11
A1
A0
3~5
3~5
0
0
3~5
1~3
0
1
1~3
3~5
1
0
1~3
1~3
1
1
Audio Data Interface
On the AIC33EVM-PDK system, the AIC33 audio data is streamed, between the system and a PC,
through the onboard TAS1020B processor on the USB-MODEVM board. The firmware on the TAS1020B
processor cannot work in TDM mode. Thus, an external host processor is needed to interface with these
AIC33 devices as the audio data bus master; or one of the AIC33 should be configured as the audio data
bus master.
This application report applied the first AIC33 as the audio interface master; and the rest of the AIC33s
are slaves.
The steps to configure the audio interface include:
1. Disable the onboard I2S from the TAS1020B by turning OFF SW2-4 on the USB-MODEVM board.
2. Configure all AIC33 codecs to the device's DSP + TDM mode and with different offset bits, so as to
share the single audio interface bus within the four AIC33 devices. That is:
– Set D5 in Page0/Reg8 to 1 (DOUT should be in 3-state mode when valid data is not being
sent);
– Set D7-D6 in Page0/Reg9 to 01 (serial data bus uses DSP mode);
– Set Page0/Reg10 corresponding to the location of the particular AIC33EVM board and the
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Considerations
data word length. For example: if the Word Length = 2x16-bit (for both left and right
channels) in the interface, set the register at each AIC33 according to Table 2:
Table 2. TDM Bus Different Bit Delay on Four AIC33EVMs
(Under the 16-Bit Word Length)
Device No.
A1 A0
Page0/Reg10 Setting
AIC33#0
00
0x00
Data Offset = 0-bit clocks
Description
AIC33#1
01
0x20
Data Offset = 32-bit clocks
AIC33#2
10
0x40
Data Offset = 64-bit clocks
AIC33#3
11
0x60
Data Offset = 96-bit clocks
Figure 2 shows the timing of the TDM bus's bit clock, BCLK, where the system connection is the same as
is shown in Figure 1 and the offsets of the four AIC33 devices are set up as shown in Table 2.
1/FS or Sample Interval
128 BCLKs
16bit Left
16bit Right
AIC33#0
(256 BCLKs)
128 BCLKs
16bit Left
16bit Right
AIC33#1
16bit Left
16bit Right
AIC33#2
16bit Left
16bit Right
AIC33#3
Figure 2. BCLKs for Four AIC33 Slots
2.2.3
Other Digital GPIOs
All other digital pins, including GPIO0, GPIO1, MFP2, and MFP3, must be kept in a 3-state mode with four
stacked AIC33 EVMs. That is, they should be left at their power-up default condition.
2.3
Analog Connections
All the AIC33 analog input/output pins are routed to the J13 and J14 connectors on an AIC33 EVM board .
By stacking four AIC33 EVMs, all of the corresponding analog input/output pins of the four AIC33s are
connected together.
2.3.1
Analog Inputs
There is no circuitry problem in connecting all of the corresponding inputs from the four AIC33 devices in
the stacked EVM system. Keep in mind that an audio input signal sent to an AIC33 goes to the same
pin(s) at the other three AIC33 codecs.
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Hardware and Connection
2.3.2
Analog Outputs
With four AIC33EVMs stacking together, the corresponding analog output pins of different AIC33 devices
will be shorted, which could cause a problem if more than one output from different AIC33 codecs was
powered up at the same time.
Thus, for this four-AIC33EVM and one-USB-MODEVM stacked system, it is strictly forbidden to enable
the same audio output pins of different boards simultaneously.
Even though all differential output pins enter a 3-state mode at power down, the headphone output pins,
HPLOUT, HPROUT, HPLCOM, and HPROUT, do not. The four pins have two programmable states when
they are not powered up: weakly driven to VCM; or in a 3-state mode (default). Keep these pins in the
3-state mode during power down. That is:
• Set D2/Reg51/Page0 =1 for HPLOUT to a 3-state mode when powered down.
• Set D2/Reg58/Page0 =1 for HPLCOM to a 3-state mode when powered down.
• Set D2/Reg65/Page0 =1 for HPROUT to a 3-state mode when powered down.
• Set D2/Reg72/Page0 =1 for HPRCOM to a 3-state mode when powered down.
Note that this limitation is only for the AIC33EVM stacking system, but not for the general four-AIC33
system, as shown in Figure 1, because the audio outputs of the multiple codec system are not normally
connected together .
3
Hardware and Connection
This section provides the step-by-step instructions for stacking four AIC33EVM boards on top of one
USB-MODEVM board, so as to connect and test the multiple codec system.
Step 1: On the USB-MODEVM board, change JMP6 from USB (1~2) to REG (2~3).
Step 2: On the USB-MODEVM board, disable the I2S connection from TAS1020B to the rest of the
circuitry, by switching OFF SW2-4.
Step 3: On each of the AIC33EVM boards, ensure that the AIC33 device’ SELECT pin is low (set JMP10
to 3~5 on the AIC33EVM boards). Set the address pins differently within the four EVMs.
Step 4: Stack an AIC33 EVM board (A1A0=00) on the top of the USB-MODEVM board, with J13, J14,
J16, J17, and J15 on AIC33 EVM being plugged into J11, J21, J12, J22, and J23 on the top of the
USB-MODEVM board, respectively.
Step 5: Power up the one AIC33EVM plus one USB-MODEVM system, through the J8 or J9 (from 6VDC
to 10VDC), and check the power supplies (JMP4~JMP8), grounds, and signals on the first AIC33EVM
board, to ensure that all are connected and working properly.
Step 6: Remove the power to the system, and continue to stack the rest of the AIC33EVM boards one on
top of another. When done, repeat the Step 5 to check again.
Step 7: Remove the power and conclude the hardware connection.
4
Software Script
To run the four-AIC33 codecs system, certain control registers inside each of the AIC33 should be set up
by software. The appendix of this application report provides a script, 4Stacked_AIC33Test_EVM.txt,
which was tested with the system discussed in section 3.
To run the script, follow these steps:
1. Start the AIC33EVM SW.
2. Select I2C when asked to Select Control Interface Mode.
3. Click on OK when asked What are the settings for A0 and A1?
4. Go to the Command Line Interface tab, and the following screen displays.
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TDM Test Results
5. From the File menu on the upper-right corner of the screen, select Open Command File …, navigate to
the location where the script was stored, and open the script to the Command Buffer in this tab.
6. Click on the Execute Command Buffer button to run the script.
7. Click on OK for all pauses during the running.
8. The req done LED on the left of the Command Buffer should become green to indicate the script has
been finished successfully.
More details on AIC33EVM SW GUI can be found in the user's guide SBAU114.
5
TDM Test Results
Figure 3 to Figure 6 show the TDM bus timings under the four AIC33 devices’ TDM mode. Where:
• Ch 1 is BCLK, which is 256×44100 = 11.2896 MHz.
• Ch 2 is the WCLK, which is 44.1 kHz.
• Ch 3 is connected to AIC33s’ DIN, through which the host processor should send DAC data.
• Ch 4 is connected to AIC33’s DOUT, through which the ADC data from each of the AIC33 devices are
sent to the host.
Note that the MCLK to the system is 44100×256 = 11.2896 MHz; the first AIC33 (A1A0=00) is the TDM
bus master, which generates the BCLK and WCLK; and the TDM word length has been set to 16 bits.
(The AIC33 audio data word-length can be set to 16, 20, 24, or 32 bits).
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TDM Test Results
Figure 3. Four AIC33 Devices TDM Bus
Figure 4. Four AIC33 Devices TDM Bus (Details Within a Frame)
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TDM Test Results
Figure 5. Four AIC33 Devices TDM Bus (Details Within the First AIC33)
Figure 6. Four AIC33 Devices TDM Bus (Details on BCLK)
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Conclusion
6
Conclusion
•
•
•
7
The four AIC33 codec devices must work using the I2C control bus mode, with different address (A1,
A0) configurations, so as to share the same single control bus and to be controlled through a single
host processor, such as the USB-MODEVM and its PC software.
In order to share the same single audio data serial bus among the four AIC33 codecs, all codecs must
work using the digital interface’s TDM mode, with different offset bit settings. To build the system
shown in Figure 1 using a USB-MODEVM and four-AIC33 EVM boards, you need to disable the
connection for the audio data from the USB-MODEVM board, and to provide an external host
processor with TDM interface to read/write the audio data from/to the four AIC33 devices.
The TDM bus needs a master that generates the TDM clock and frame. The TDM bus master can be a
host processor/DSP/CPU, or one of the four AIC33 codecs.
References
1. TLV320AIC33, Low Power Stereo Audio CODEC for Portable Audio/Telephony data sheet (SLAS480)
2. TLV320AIC33EVM and TLV320AIC33EVM-PDK User's Guide (SBAU114)
3. Using TLV320AIC3x Digital Audio Data Serial Interface With Time-Division Multiplexing Support
application report (SLAA311)
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Appendix A
Appendix A AIC33EVM Software Script
This appendix provides the AIC33EVM software script for setting up and running the four-AIC33
EVM stacked system as discussed in this application report.
#############################################################
# setup for 4 AIC33 EVM boards Stocked on a USB-MODEVM
#
# uses I2C interface and TDS audio data Interface
#
# Wendy Fang, 2006.3.29
##############################################################
#
# -- Digital Interfaces
#
The first EVM board (A1A0=00) is the TDM master to generate BCLK and WCLK
#
# -- Audio Inputs
#
For all 4 Boards, the audio input path are the same and:
#
MIC3 -> ADC PGA ----------------> ADC -> DOUT
#
But ONLY one EVM ADCs is powered up and ONLY one MICBIAS should be enabled.
#
# -- Audio Outputs
#
Only one EVM outputs will be setup and enabled at a time and it is:
#
DIN --> Digital Volume Control -> DAC -> DAC_R1 -> Analog Volume Control -> HPOUT
#
#############################################################
# -- input from MIC3
# -- add power up MICBIAS to 2.5V
#
# -- Output with pop reduction
# -- Output at Capless mode from HPOUT
#############################################################
##############
# Interfaces
##############
# Since Fsref=44.1K (For: MCLK=11.2896MHz), we do not use PLL and FS=Fsref
#
# reg 07 - codec datapath
# L-DAC plays DIN left data and R-DAC plays right one
w 30 07 8A
w 32 07 8A
w 34 07 8A
w 36 07 8A
10
#
#
#
#
w
w
w
w
reg 08/09/10 - Audio Interface
The first codec is the master (-256s) and the rest are slaves;
DOUT all at tri-state when valid data is bit being sent
DSP/16-bit mode with slot (n*2*16 bits, n=0, 1, 2, 3) delay
30 08 E0
32 08 20
34 08 20
36 08 20
w
w
w
w
30
32
34
36
09
09
09
09
48
48
48
48
w
w
w
w
30
32
34
36
0A
0A
0A
0A
00
20
40
60
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Appendix A
# Read back for debugging
r 30 07 4
b
r 36 07 4
b
##############
# Input Path
##############
# reg 17/18 - MIC3L for Left ADC and MIC3R for right ADC
w 30 11 0F F0
#
w
w
w
w
regs 25 - Power up MICBIAS to 2.5V for only one of EVMs
30 19 00
32 19 00
34 19 00
36 19 80
#
w
w
w
w
reg 19/22 - power up ADC
30 13 7C
32 13 7C
34 13 7C
36 13 7C
w
w
w
w
30
32
34
36
#
w
w
w
w
regs 15/16 - unmute ADC PGA and set to 0dB
30 0F 00 00
32 0F 00 00
34 0F 00 00
36 0F 00 00
16
16
16
16
7C
7C
7C
7C
# Read back
r 30 0F 0B
b
r 36 0F 0B
b
##############
# Output Path
##############
# reg 14 - if at AC-Cap mode
#w 36 0E 80
#
w
w
w
w
reg 42 - driver power ON Pop Control
30 2A 6C
32 2A 6C
34 2A 6C
36 2A 6C
######
# reg 37 DAC POWER CONTROL/ reg 38 HPCOM CONFIG
# Power up L and R DACs
# HPCOML/R as Headphone COM for Cap-Less mode
w 36 25 D0 08
# regs 43/44 - Unmute DAC L/R and set the Digital Volumes to 0dB
w 36 2B 00 00
# Read back
r 30 25 8
b
r 36 25 8
b
######
# reg 47 - HPLOUT from Left DAC routed to HPLOUT @ 0dB
w 36 2F 80
# reg 51 - HPLOUT Level = 0dB, not muted, and powered up
w 30 33 04
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Appendix A
w 32 33 04
w 34 33 04
w 36 33 0D
#
w
w
w
w
reg 58 - HPLCOM Level, set HPLCOM at tri-state with PD
30 3A 04
32 3A 04
34 3A 04
36 3A 04
#Read Back
r 30 2F 12
b
r 36 2F 12
b
#
#
w
w
w
w
reg 64 reg 65 30 40 80
32 40 80
34 40 80
36 40 80
HPROUT from Right DAC routed to HPROUT @ 0dB
HPROUT Level = 0dB, not muted, and powered up
04
04
04
0D
#
w
w
w
w
reg 72 - HPRCOM Level, set HPRCOM at tri-state with PD
30 48 04
32 48 04
34 48 04
36 48 04
# Read back
r 30 40 9
b
r 36 40 9
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