PC-1000/Laser 1000 Film Panoramic Imaging System

PC-1000/Laser 1000 Film Panoramic Imaging System
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Service Manual
Panoramic Corporation Dental Panoramic/Cephalometric X-ray Machine
SM6000 Rev C
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Table of Contents
Table of Contents..........................................................................................................................2-4
Introduction ...................................................................................................................................5-6
Purpose ..................................................................................................................................... 5
Statement of Compatibility ........................................................................................................ 5
Limited Warranty ....................................................................................................................... 6
Voltage Regulator Warning ....................................................................................................... 6
X-Ray Shielding Requirements ................................................................................................. 6
Pre-Installation Check ..................................................................................................................... 7
Electrical Requirements
Control Panel Orientation
Cephalometric Arm Orientation
Remote Switch
Darkroom Requirements
PC-1000 Installation
PC-1000 Components .............................................................................................................. 8
PC-1000 Installation .............................................................................................................9-17
Tools Required....................................................................................................... 9
Verify Power .......................................................................................................... 9
Remove Packaging and Shipping Restraints ........................................................ 9
Control Panel Relocation ....................................................................................... 9
Install Side Covers............................................................................................... 10
Install Film Drum Assembly ................................................................................. 11
Install Tubehead Assembly .................................................................................. 12
Install Temple Supports ....................................................................................... 12
Level Machine ..................................................................................................... 12
Perform mA Calibration ....................................................................................... 13
Perform Pulse Count Calibration ....................................................................14-15
Perform X-ray Beam Alignment ........................................................................... 16
Install Top and Rear Covers ................................................................................ 17
Complete Installation ........................................................................................... 17
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Installation
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Components ......................................................................................... 18
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Installation........................................................................................19-39
Tools Required..................................................................................................... 19
Verify Power ........................................................................................................ 19
Remove Packaging and Shipping Restraints ...................................................... 19
Control Panel Relocation ..................................................................................... 19
Install Side Covers............................................................................................... 20
Install Film Drum Assembly ................................................................................. 21
Install Tubehead Assembly .................................................................................. 22
Install Temple Supports ....................................................................................... 22
Level Machine ..................................................................................................... 22
Install Cephalometric Arm.................................................................................... 23
Install Cephalostat Head Positioner .................................................................... 23
Perform mA Calibration ..................................................................................24-25
2
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Table of Contents
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Installation (continued)
Perform Pulse Count Calibration ....................................................................26-27
Perform Panoramic X-ray Beam Alignment ......................................................... 28
Remove Soft Tissue Shields................................................................................ 29
Perform Cephalometric X-ray Beam Alignment ..............................................29-33
Perform Ear Rod Alignment ............................................................................34-36
Install Soft Tissue Shield ..................................................................................... 37
Install Suggested Settings Decal ......................................................................... 37
Install Top and Rear Covers ................................................................................ 37
Complete Installation ........................................................................................... 38
Notes ............................................................................................................................................. 39
Service Procedures
Remote Switch Installation ...................................................................................................... 40
Screw Motor Height Limit ........................................................................................................ 41
Screw Motor Assembly Exchange .....................................................................................42-43
Panoramic Radiography .................................................................................................. Appendix A
Darkroom Procedures .....................................................................................................Appendix B
Manual Processing
Automatic Processing
Darkroom Light Leak Test
Loading The Panoramic Cassette
Loading The Cephalometric Cassette
Maintenance Schedule ................................................................................................... Appendix C
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Labeling ........................................................................................ Appendix D
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Specifications ................................................................................Appendix E
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Space Requirements .....................................................................Appendix F
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Parts List ...................................................................................... Appendix G
Final Assembly
Base Assembly
Main Chassis Assembly
Chinrest Arm Assembly
Head Support Assembly
Film Drum Assembly
Upper Belt Drive Assembly
Belt Drive Assembly
Roller Orbit Drive Assembly
Rotating Arm Assembly
Screw Motor Assembly
Tubehead Assembly
Electronics Assembly
Control Panel Assembly
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
3
Table of Contents
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Parts List (continued) ................................................................... Appendix G
Laser Collimator Assembly
Electromagnet Assembly
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Schematics ................................................................................... Appendix H
System Wiring
Control Panel
Timer Circuit Board
X-ray Control
Laser Power/Control
4
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Introduction
Purpose
Panoramic Corporation provides this printed manual as a guide for the operation of the PC-1000 dental
panoramic X-ray machine and the PC-1000/Laser 1000 dental panoramic/cephalometric dental X-ray
machine.
The PC-1000 will enable the user to take panoramic X-ray images. The PC-1000/Laser 1000 will enable
the user to take panoramic X-ray images, as well as cephalometric X-ray images. A laser alignment
device is incorporated into the PC-1000/Laser 1000.
The information contained in this manual is not all inclusive and Panoramic Corporation should be
contacted for assistance and clarification when necessary.
It is imperative that this equipment be installed, serviced, and used by personnel familiar with the
precautions required to prevent excessive exposure to both primary and secondary radiation. This
equipment features protective designs for limiting both the primary and secondary radiation produced
by the X-ray beam. However, design features cannot prevent carelessness, negligence, or lack of
knowledge.
Only personnel authorized by Panoramic Corporation are qualified to install and service this equipment.
Any attempt to install or service this equipment by anyone not so authorized will void the warranty.
Statement of Compatibility
January 1, 1988
Please address any comments/questions concerning this statement of compatibility to:
Panoramic Corporation • 4321 Goshen Road • Fort Wayne, IN 46818 USA • Attn: Director of Engineering
The only components compatible with the PC-1000 are those supplied with the machine.
Regardless of possible statements made by other manufacturers, no one is authorized or certified to
make additions or deletions to this machine. Only the combination of components delivered with the
machine is certified compatible by the manufacturer. As compatible accessories become available, Panoramic Corporation will certify them as compatible and make them available to the user.
Statement of Compatibility Addendum
October 1, 1988
The Laser 1000 Cephalometric Attachment is certified by Panoramic Corporation to be compatible with
the PC-1000 dental X-ray machine, provided installation is performed by an authorized representative
utilizing specific installation instructions furnished by Panoramic Corporation.
Statement of Compatibility Addendum
October 1, 1995
Laser 1000 Cephalometric Attachments manufactured after October 1, 1995 are compatible only with
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
5
Introduction
Voltage Regulator Warning
Do not plug this machine into ANY voltage regulating device. Contact Panoramic Corporation with any
questions regarding this.
X-ray Shielding Requirements
The requirements for panoramic and cephalometric shielding for building, operator, and patient, depend
on state and local regulations. Contact your state Department of Health for compliance information.
Compliance could involve a blueprint review, facility check, wall construction, film badge implementation,
remote switch installation, and/or a lead apron. It is beyond the scope of this manual to advise on these
regulations.
6
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Pre-Installation Check
Electrical Requirements
Optimally, the PC-1000 and the PC-1000/Laser 1000 should have a dedicated 105-125 VAC, 20 A circuit
with line regulation of 5% or better. If a dedicated circuit is not available, a regular 20 A circuit will work
as long as it is not taxed by other loads beyond 5 A. A standard 115 VAC, three-wire, grounded, electrical
outlet should be installed by an electrician behind the machine.
Control Panel Orientation
The control panel on the PC-1000 and the PC-1000/Laser 1000 is mounted directly on the side of the
machine and requires no separate installation, wiring, or mounting. Although the control panel is mounted
on the patient's left side from the factory, it can be easily relocated to the opposite side during installation.
Verify with the doctor on which side the control panel should be located.
Cephalometric Arm Orientation
The cephalometric arm for the PC-1000/Laser 1000 is shipped in a separate box and can be mounted on
either side of the machine. Verify with the doctor on which side the cephalometric arm should be located.
Remote Switch
Some states and local governments require that the exposure switch to be remotely installed. A remote
switch kit is available from Panoramic Corporation. Refer to Appendix G for detailed procedures.
Darkroom Requirements
Proper darkroom facilities must be present before installing the PC-1000 or PC-1000/Laser 1000. The
darkroom will be used to process test films at the time of installation to verify proper calibration. Refer to
Appendix A for darkroom requirements and processing procedures.
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
7
PC-1000 Components
PC-1000
Top Cover
Rotating Arm
Temple Supports
Cassette Sleeve
Film Drum
Forehead Support
Mirror
Tubehead
kVp Setting
Knob
Chinrest
Control Panel
Handles
Base
8
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
PC-1000 Installation
If there is any question concerning
installation or calibration, please
contact Panoramic Corporation
immediately.
Tools Required
Multimeter, regular and phillips screwdrivers, allen
wrenches, small fluorescent screen, knife, level,
and a pulse counter or stopwatch.
Verify Power
Verify that the outlet is a 110 VAC grounded outlet.
Remove Packaging and Shipping Restraints
1. Carefully remove all shipping packaging from
the PC-1000, including the plastic wrap,
cardboard, and wooden cover. Unpack the
side and top covers shipped in the separate
box.
2. Remove the 3/4" hex head shipping bolt from
the top rear of the overhead chassis. The
shipping bolt is located between the aluminum
chassis and the rear of the machine. There
may be 1 or 2 shipping bolts. Leave these
bolts with the office for future relocation.
Control Panel Relocation
Verify with the doctor, on which side the control
panel needs to be located. To relocate it the
opposite side:
1. Remove the 4 7/16" mounting bolts from
the control panel.
2. Move the control panel to the opposite side
of the machine, while carefully routing the
wiring harness.
3. Reinstall the 4 7/16" bolts in the control
panel.
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
9
PC-1000 Installation
Install Side Covers
1. Install 3 metal standoffs in the pre-threaded
holes on the side of the column opposite the
control panel.
2. Place the side cover without the power cord
over the standoffs.
3. Insert 3 allen head bolts into the holes in the
side cover and tighten into the metal standoffs.
4. Install 3 metal standoffs in the pre-threaded
holes on the control panel side of the column.
5. Locate the wire with the 15-pin molex
connector J7 in the overhead and connect it
to the 15-pin P7 connector on the top of the
control panel.
6. Connect the 6-pin molex connector P15 on the
main power cord in the side cover to the 6-pin
connector J15 on the top of the control panel.
7. Route the power cord through the notches on
the side of the control panel while placing the
side cover over the standoffs.
8. Insert 3 allen head bolts into the holes in the
side cover and tighten into the metal standoffs.
10
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
PC-1000 Installation
Install Film Drum Assembly
1. Slide the black plastic cover off of the end of
the rotating arm.
2. Remove the cardboard packing material from
the rotating arm.
3. Remove the set screw, crown nut, and washer
from the film drum spindle.
4. Insert the film drum spindle down through the
rotating arm.
5. Install the film drum with the knob closest to the
floor. Slide the film drum onto the spindle up
as far as possible and tighten the film drum
knob to temporarily hold the film drum in place.
6. Slide the flat washer up on the film drum
spindle.
7. Install the crown nut on the film drum spindle
with the slots in the crown nut facing up.
8. Thread the crown nut until the lower edge of
the threaded hole in the film drum spindle is
aligned to the lower edge of a slot in the crown
nut.
9. Insert the set screw in the threaded hole in the
film drum spindle and tighten the screw.
10. While supporting the film drum, loosen the film
drum knob to allow the film drum to rest on the
washer and crown nut.
11. Slide the black plastic cover back on the end
of the rotating arm.
Note: The film drum will rotate with increased
friction after the film drum knob is tightened.
Manual rotation, while the knob is tight, should
be avoided to prevent abnormal wear.
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
11
PC-1000 Installation
Install Tubehead Assembly
1. Connect the 6-pin molex connector from the
end of the rotating arm to the 6-pin connector
on the tubehead.
2. Carefully raise the tubehead into position facing
the film drum, ensuring that the wires are not
stressed or pinched.
3. Tighten the three set screws, then back each
out slightly to allow alignment of the tubehead.
Install Temple Supports
1. Install the 2 temple supports using the existing
screws and washers in the head support
assembly.
2. Ensure that the temple supports are angled
away from the machine and that the horizontal
red lines on the temple supports are facing
out.
Level Machine
With a level on the underside of the main
overhead chassis, level the machine in all
directions using the 4 four adjustable feet under
the base.
12
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
PC-1000 Installation
Perform mA Calibration
1. Disconnect the yellow wire, 1-pin molex
connector in the overhead chassis.
2. Connect a DC milliammeter in series with
the molex connectors, positive lead to the
male connector, negative lead to the female
connector.
3. Power the machine on.
4. Using the function switch on the control panel,
select PANORAMIC L or PANORAMIC R.
5. Using the kVp setting knob on the control
panel, set the kVp meter to 80 kVp on the
PANORAMIC scale.
6. Toggle the RUN/STOP switch on the printed
circuit board in the overhead chassis to STOP.
7. Locate the mA adjustment knob P1 in the
overhead chassis.
CAUTION: X-rays will be emitted when the
exposure switch is depressed.
8. Depress the exposure switch.
9. The milliammeter should show 6.0 mA ± .05
mA. If it does not:
A. Adjust P1 clockwise (CW) to increase the
mA until the milliammeter shows 6.0 mA ±
.05 mA.
OR
B. Adjust P1 counterclockwise (CCW) to
decrease the mA until the milliammeter
shows 6.0 mA ± .05 mA.
Note: Contact Panoramic Corporation if the mA
cannot be set to 6.0 mA ± .05 mA.
10. Disconnect the milliammeter.
11. Reconnect the yellow wire, 1-pin molex
connectors.
12. Toggle the RUN/STOP switch on the printed
circuit board in the overhead chassis to RUN.
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
13
PC-1000 Installation
Perform Pulse Count Calibration
If a pulse counter IS available:
1. Disconnect the blue wire, 1-pin molex
connector in the overhead chassis.
2. Connect the positive lead of a pulse counter
to the male connector, negative lead to the
aluminum chassis or neutral wire from the
plug.
3. Power the machine on.
4. Using the function switch on the control panel,
select PANORAMIC L.
5. Using the kVp setting knob on the control
panel, set the kVp meter to 80 kVp on the
PANORAMIC scale.
6. Ensure that the RUN/STOP switch on the
printed circuit board in the overhead chassis is
set to RUN.
7. Locate potentiometer R57 on the printed circuit
board in the overhead chassis.
CAUTION: X-rays will be emitted when the
exposure switch is depressed.
8. Depress the exposure switch for the entire 12
second exposure.
9. The pulse counter should show 720 pulses
± 10 pulses. If it does not:
A. Adjust R57 counterclockwise (CCW) to
increase the pulses and repeat the test
until the pulse counter shows 720 pulses
± 10 pulses.
OR
B. Adjust R57 clockwise (CW) to decrease the
pulses and repeat the test until the pulse
counter shows 720 pulses
± 10
pulses.
10. Disconnect the pulse counter.
11. Reconnect the blue wire, 1-pin molex
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© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
PC-1000 Installation
If a pulse counter IS NOT available:
1. Power the machine on.
2. Using the function switch on the control panel,
select PANORAMIC L.
3. Using the kVp setting knob on the control
panel, set the kVp meter to 0 kVp on the
PANORAMIC scale.
4. Ensure that the RUN/STOP switch on the
printed circuit board in the overhead chassis is
set to RUN.
5. Use a stopwatch to time the duration of an
exposure by timing the red exposure indicator
on the control panel.
6. Locate potentiometer R57 on the printed circuit
board in the overhead chassis.
CAUTION: X-rays will be emitted when the
exposure switch is depressed.
7. Depress the exposure switch for the entire 12
second exposure.
8. The stopwatch should show that the exposure
is 12 seconds ± .5 seconds. If it does not:
A. Adjust R57 counterclockwise (CCW) to
increase the time and repeat the test until
the stopwatch shows that the exposure is
12 seconds ± .5 seconds.
OR
B. Adjust R57 clockwise (CW) to decrease
the time and repeat the test until the
stopwatch shows that the exposure is
12 seconds ± .5 seconds.
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
15
PC-1000 Installation
Perform X-ray Beam Alignment
1. Power the machine on.
2. Using the function switch on the control panel,
select PANORAMIC L.
3. Using the kVp setting knob on the control
panel, set the kVp meter to 90 kVp on the
PANORAMIC scale.
4. Toggle the RUN/STOP switch on the printed
circuit board in the overhead chassis to STOP.
5. Temporarily affix a fluorescent screen behind
the film drum mask (slotted plate in front of the
film drum).
CAUTION: X-rays will be emitted when the
exposure switch is depressed.
6. Darken the room and depress the exposure
switch.
7. The fluorescent screen should glow, denoting
the presence of X-rays. Adjust the tubehead
so that the X-ray beam is centered horizontally
in the film mask slot, and that the top edge of
the X-ray beam is aligned to the top edge of
the film drum mask slot.
8. Tighten the 3 set screws locking the tubehead
assembly horizontally and the large allen bolt
on the right side of the tubehead locking it
vertically. Verify that the X-ray beam is still
centered.
9. Remove the fluorescent screen.
10. Toggle the RUN/STOP switch on the printed
circuit board in the overhead chassis to RUN.
11. Using the kVp setting knob on the control
panel, set the kVp meter to 70 kVp on the
PANORAMIC scale.
12. Place a loaded film cassette sleeve on the film
drum and align the L1 pointer.
13. Depress the exposure switch for the entire 12
second exposure.
14. Process the film to verify proper alignment.
The film should be black with clear edges.
16
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
PC-1000 Installation
Install Top and Rear Covers
1. Ensure that the RUN/STOP switch on the
printed circuit board in the overhead is in the
RUN position.
2. Slide the top cover on the machine from the
front. Ensure that the wiring on the control
panel side is properly routed.
3. Install the 6 screws on the underside of the top
cover.
4. Place the cover on the rear of the machine and
install the 3 screws.
Complete Installation
1. Verify all steps have been completed.
2. Refer to the PC-1000/Laser 1000 User Manual
and train the staff thoroughly.
3. Complete the Panoramic Corporation
Installation Report and the FDA 2579
paperwork and distribute accordingly.
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
17
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Components
Horizontal Locking Knob
Vertical Locking Knob
Mid-Sagittal to Film Scale
Laser Switch
Cephalostat Locking Knob
Collimator Lever
Suggested Settings Decal
PC-1000
Cephalostat Arm
Cephalometric
Exposure Time Chart
Panoramic Corporation ®
Seconds
90 kVP 10 mA
Rare Earth Screens And Film
LASER 1000
Patient Size:
Small Child
Large Child
Average Adult
Large Adult
Lateral
.5-1.0
.6-1.5
.8-2.0
1.0-2.5
AP-PA
.8-1.5
1.0-2.5
1.5-3.5
2.5-4.0
Ear Posts
Nasion Support
Ear Rings
Ear Rods
Film Cassette
18
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Installation
If there is any question concerning
installation or calibration, please
contact Panoramic Corporation
immediately.
Tools Required
Multimeter, regular and phillips screwdrivers, allen
wrenches, small fluorescent screen, knife, level,
and a pulse counter.
Verify Power
Verify that the outlet is a 110 VAC grounded outlet.
Remove Packaging and Shipping Restraints
1. Carefully remove all shipping packaging from
the PC-1000/Laser 1000, including the plastic
wrap, cardboard, and wooden cover. Unpack
the side and top covers, and the cephalometric
arm shipped in the separate box.
2. Remove the 3/4" hex head shipping bolt from
the top rear of the overhead chassis. The
shipping bolt is located between the aluminum
chassis and the rear of the machine. There
may be 1 or 2 shipping bolts. Leave these
bolts with the office for future relocation.
Control Panel Relocation
Verify with the doctor, on which side the control
panel needs to be located. To relocate it the
opposite side:
1. Remove the 4 7/16" mounting bolts from
the control panel.
2. Move the control panel to the opposite side
of the machine, while carefully routing the
wiring harness.
3. Reinstall the 4 7/16" bolts in the control
panel.
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
19
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Installation
Install Side Covers
1. Install 3 metal standoffs in the pre-threaded
holes on the side of the column opposite the
control panel.
2. Place the side cover without the power cord
over the standoffs.
3. Insert 3 allen head bolts into the holes in the
side cover and tighten into the metal standoffs.
4. Install 3 metal standoffs in the pre-threaded
holes on the control panel side of the column.
5. Locate the wire with the 15-pin molex
connector J7 in the overhead and connect it
to the 15-pin P7 connector on the top of the
control panel.
6. Connect the 6-pin molex connector P15 on the
main power cord in the side cover to the 6-pin
connector J15 on the top of the control panel.
7. Route the power cord through the notches on
the side of the control panel while placing the
side cover over the standoffs.
8. Insert 3 allen head bolts into the holes in the
side cover and tighten into the metal standoffs.
20
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Installation
Install Film Drum Assembly
1. Slide the black plastic cover off of the end of
the rotating arm.
2. Remove the cardboard packing material from
the rotating arm.
3. Remove the set screw, crown nut, and washer
from the film drum spindle.
4. Insert the film drum spindle down through the
rotating arm.
5. Install the film drum with the knob closest to the
floor. Slide the film drum onto the spindle up
as far as possible and tighten the film drum
knob to temporarily hold the film drum in place.
6. Slide the flat washer up on the film drum
spindle.
7. Install the crown nut on the film drum spindle
with the slots in the crown nut facing up.
8. Thread the crown nut until the lower edge of
the threaded hole in the film drum spindle is
aligned to the lower edge of a slot in the crown
nut.
9. Insert the set screw in the threaded hole in the
film drum spindle and tighten the screw.
10. While supporting the film drum, loosen the film
drum knob to allow the film drum to rest on the
washer and crown nut.
11. Slide the black plastic cover back on the end
of the rotating arm.
Note: The film drum will rotate with increased
friction after the film drum knob is tightened.
Manual rotation, while the knob is tight, should
be avoided to prevent abnormal wear.
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
21
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Installation
Install Tubehead Assembly
1. Connect the 6-pin molex connector from the
end of the rotating arm to the 6-pin connector
on the tubehead.
2. Carefully raise the tubehead into position facing
the film drum, ensuring that the wires are not
stressed or pinched.
3. Install and tighten the horizontal locking knob,
the large knob with the smooth unthreaded
end, into the rear of the rotating arm.
4. Remove the two small set screws on each side
of the horizontal locking knob.
5. Install the two slotted screws. Snug, then
break the snug fit to allow alignment of the
tubehead.
6. Install the two short set screws (from the
cephalometric packaging, not those previously
removed).
7. Remove the large allen bolt from the right
end of the tubehead assembly and install the
vertical locking knob in it's place.
8. Loosen both knobs and verify that the tubehead
can move freely.
Install Temple Supports
1. Install the 2 temple supports using the existing
screws and washers in the head support
assembly.
2. Ensure that the temple supports are angled
away from the machine and that the horizontal
red lines on the temple supports are facing
out.
Level Machine
With a level on the underside of the main
overhead chassis, level the machine in all
directions using the 4 four adjustable feet under
22
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Installation
Install Cephalometric Arm
1. Verify with the doctor on which side the
cephalometric arm should be mounted. The
arm is typically installed to extend on the same
side as the control panel.
2. Mount the arm, with the spacers facing the
machine, on the rear of the machine using the
2 3/8" allen bolts with lock washers.
3. Level the cephalometric arm.
Install Cephalostat Head Positioner
1. Install the chrome mounting tubes on the
cephalometric arm with the 2 allen bolts and
lockwashers provided.
2. Slide the head positioner onto the 2 chrome
mounting tubes.
3. Tighten the 2 allen bolts on the top rear of the
head positioner.
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
23
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Installation
Perform mA Calibration
1. Disconnect the yellow wire, 1-pin molex
connector in the overhead chassis.
2. Connect a DC milliammeter in series with
the molex connectors, positive lead to the
male connector, negative lead to the female
connector.
3. Power the machine on.
4. Using the function switch on the control panel,
select CEPHALOMETRIC 2.0.
5. Using the kVp setting knob on the control
panel, set the kVp meter to 80 kVp on the
CEPHALOMETRIC scale.
6. Using the lever on the front of the collimator,
select LATERAL.
7. Toggle the RUN/STOP switch on the printed
circuit board in the overhead chassis to STOP.
8. Locate and turn the mA adjustment knob P1 in
the overhead chassis clockwise (CW) as far
as possible.
9. Locate power resistor R2 on the outside edge
of the aluminum chassis.
CAUTION: X-rays will be emitted when the
exposure switch is depressed.
10. Depress the exposure switch.
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© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Installation
11. The milliammeter should show 10.0 mA
± .09 mA. If it does not:
A. Power the machine off.
B. Slightly adjust (1/4") the slide on R2
toward the rear of the machine to increase
the mA and repeat the test until the
milliammeter shows 10.0 mA ± .09 mA.
OR
C. Slightly adjust (1/4") the slide on R2
toward the front of the machine to
decrease the mA and repeat the test until
the milliammeter shows 10.0 mA
±
.09 mA.
12. Using the function switch on the control panel,
select PANORAMIC L or PANORAMIC R.
13. Using the kVp setting knob on the control
panel, set the kVp meter to 80 kVp on the
PANORAMIC scale.
14. Using the lever on the front of the collimator,
select PANORAMIC.
CAUTION: X-rays will be emitted when the
exposure switch is depressed.
15. Depress the exposure switch.
16. The milliammeter should show 6.0 mA
± .05 mA. If it does not:
A. Adjust P1 clockwise (CW) to increase
the mA and repeat the test until the
milliammeter shows 6.0 mA ± .05 mA.
OR
B. Adjust P1 counterclockwise (CCW) to
decrease the mA and repeat the test until
the milliammeter shows 6.0 mA ± .05 mA.
Note: Contact Panoramic Corporation if the mA
cannot be set to 6.0 mA ± .05 mA.
17. Disconnect the milliammeter.
18. Reconnect the yellow wire, 1-pin molex
connectors.
19. Toggle the RUN/STOP switch on the printed
circuit board in the overhead chassis to RUN.
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
25
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Installation
Perform Pulse Count Calibration
1. Power the machine on.
2. Using the lever on the front of the collimator,
select LATERAL.
3. Using the function switch on the control panel,
select CEPHALOMETRIC 2.0.
4. Using the kVp setting knob on the control
panel, set the kVp meter to 70 kVp on the
PANORAMIC scale.
5. Position a radiation pulse counter so that the
X-rays emitted from the tubehead will strike
the pulse counter's target.
6. Locate potentiometers R11 and R20 on the
printed circuit board behind the control panel.
CAUTION: X-rays will be emitted when the
exposure switch is depressed.
7. Depress the exposure switch for the entire 2
second exposure.
8. The pulse counter should show 120 pulses
± 2 pulses. If it does not:
A. Adjust R20 clockwise (CW) to increase the
pulses and repeat the test until the pulse
counter shows 120 pulses ± 2 pulses.
OR
B. Adjust R20 counterclockwise (CCW) to
decrease the pulses and repeat the test
until the pulse counter shows 120 pulses
± 2 pulses.
9. Using the function switch on the control panel,
select CEPHALOMETRIC 0.4.
CAUTION: X-rays will be emitted when the
exposure switch is depressed.
10. Depress the exposure switch for the entire 0.4
second exposure.
11. The pulse counter should show 24 pulses ± 1
pulse. If it does not:
A. Adjust R11 clockwise (CW) to increase the
pulses and repeat the test until the pulse
counter shows 24 pulses ± 1 pulse.
26
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Installation
OR
B. Adjust R11 counterclockwise (CCW) to
decrease the pulses and repeat the test
until the pulse counter shows 24 pulses
± 1 pulse.
12. Disconnect the blue wire, 1-pin molex
connector in the overhead chassis.
13. Connect the positive lead of a pulse counter
to the male connector, negative lead to the
aluminum chassis or neutral wire from the
plug.
14. Using the function switch on the control panel,
select PANORAMIC L or PANORAMIC R.
15. Using the kVp setting knob on the control
panel, set the kVp meter to 80 kVp on the
PANORAMIC scale.
16. Using the lever on the front of the collimator,
select LATERAL.
17. Ensure that the RUN/STOP switch on the
printed circuit board in the overhead chassis is
set to RUN.
18. Locate potentiometer R57 on the printed
circuit board in the overhead chassis.
CAUTION: X-rays will be emitted when the
exposure switch is depressed.
19. Depress the exposure switch.
20. The pulse counter should show 720 pulses
± 10 pulses. If it does not:
A. Adjust R57 counterclockwise (CCW) to
increase the pulses until the pulse counter
shows 720 pulses ± 10 pulses.
OR
B. Adjust R57 clockwise (CW) to decrease the
pulses until the pulse counter shows 720
pulses ± 10 pulses.
21. Disconnect the pulse counter.
22. Reconnect the blue wire, 1-pin molex
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
27
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Installation
Perform Panoramic X-ray Beam Alignment
1. Power the machine on.
2. If the cephalometric arm is mounted on
the right side of the machine, using the
function switch on the control panel, select
PANORAMIC R. If the cephalometric arm is
mounted on the left side of the machine, using
the function switch on the control panel, select
PANORAMIC L.
3. Using the kVp setting knob on the control
panel, set the kVp meter to 90 kVp on the
PANORAMIC scale.
4. Slide the lever in the collimator assembly on
the front of the tubehead to the PANORAMIC
position.
NOTE: If the collimator is NOT firmly seated in its
locking notch:
a. the alignment laser will not fire
b. when the exposure switch is depressed,
the machine will beep rapidly, but no
radiation will be emitted
5. Depress the laser switch on the right side of
the tubehead to activate the laser. Adjust
the tubehead so that the laser beam strikes
the the cross-hairs on the FACTORY LASER
ALIGNMENT TARGET on the film drum mask.
6. Using the kVp setting knob on the control
panel, set the kVp meter to 70 kVp on the
PANORAMIC scale.
7. Place a loaded film cassette sleeve on the film
drum and align the L1 pointer.
8. Depress the exposure switch for the entire 12
second exposure.
9. Process the film to verify proper alignment.
The film should be black with clear edges.
10. Remove the FACTORY LASER ALIGNMENT
TARGET decal and install the permanent
cross-hairs target decal where the laser beam
now strikes the film drum mask.
Note: Contact Panoramic Corporation if the laser
beam is no longer located within the original
28
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Installation
Remove Soft Tissue Shields
The PC-1000/Laser 1000 is shipped with 2 soft
tissue shields installed on the lateral collimator
on the front of the tubehead. The purpose of a
soft tissue shield is to gradually filter the X-rays
at the front edge of the cassette to allow the soft
tissue, i.e. nose, to be visible on the processed
film. The shields are factory-installed at 20% or
approximately 2" on the processed film. During
installation, in order to properly align the X-ray
beam to the cephalometric cassette, both of the
soft tissue shields can optionally be removed.
1. Remove the 2 small allen screws on each side
of the front tubehead cover and remove the
front tubehead cover. Do not stress the wires
to the laser alignment switch or LED.
2. With a pencil or awl, mark the current position
of both of the brass shields on the lateral
collimator.
3. Remove the 2 screws from the shields and
remove the shields.
4. Temporarily reinstall the front tubehead cover.
One of the soft tissue shields will be reinstalled
after the installation is complete.
Perform Cephalometric X-ray Beam Alignment
1. Power the machine on.
2. Using the function switch on the control panel,
select CEPHALOMETRIC 0.4.
3. Using the kVp setting knob on the control
panel, set the kVp meter to 70 kVp on the
CEPHALOMETRIC scale.
4. Slide the lever in the collimator assembly on
the front of the tubehead to the LATERAL
position.
NOTE: If the collimator is NOT firmly seated in its
locking notch:
a. the alignment laser will not fire
b. when the exposure switch is depressed,
the machine will beep rapidly, but no
radiation will be emitted
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
29
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Installation
5. Remove the locking pin in the top of the
cephalostat head positioner and rotate the ear
rods to the LATERAL position. Open the ear
posts as far as possible using the lever on the
rear of the head positioner.
6. Place a loaded cephalometric film cassette in
the cassette holder HORIZONTALLY at the
end of the cephalometric arm. Align the top
edge of the sliding portion on the rear of the
cassette holder to the LATERAL position.
7. Position the cassette so that the inscribed
lines on the front of the cassette are centered
directly behind the closest ear rod. It may be
helpful to temporarily tape a coin or paperclip,
to be used as a reference after exposing a
test film, in either of the lower quadrants of the
cassette.
8. Remove the locking pin in the top of the
cephalostat head positioner and rotate the ear
rods to approximately 45°. This will allow the
laser alignment beam to strike the cassette.
9. Depress the laser switch on the right side of
the tubehead to activate the laser. Adjust the
tubehead so that the laser beam strikes the
intersection of the inscribed lines on the front
of the cassette.
10. Rotate the head positioner back into the
LATERAL position and install the locking pin.
CAUTION: X-rays will be emitted when the
exposure switch is depressed.
11. Depress the exposure switch.
12. Remove the cephalometric cassette from the
cassette holder and process the film. Load
the cassette again with cephalometric film for
another test exposure.
13. Reposition the cassette in the cassette holder
HORIZONTALLY so that the inscribed lines on
the front of the cassette are centered directly
behind the closest ear rod (same position as
before).
30
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Installation
14. Temporarily tape the processed cephalometric
film on the front of the cassette, in the same
orientation, so that the top corner of the
exposed area is aligned to the intersection of
the inscribed lines on the cassette.
15. Rotate the ear rods to approximately 45° to
allow the laser alignment beam to strike the
cassette.
16. Depress the laser switch on the right side of
the tubehead to activate the laser. Adjust the
tubehead so that the laser beam strikes the
closest physical corner of the processed film.
17. Rotate the head positioner back into the
LATERAL position and install the locking pin.
CAUTION: X-rays will be emitted when the
exposure switch is depressed.
18. Depress the exposure switch.
19. Remove the cephalometric cassette from the
cassette holder and process the film. Load
the cassette again with cephalometric film for
another test exposure.
20. Continue to position the cassette and
tubehead until the exposure is centered within
the cephalometric film (steps 14-18).
21. When the exposure is properly centered within
the cephalometric film, place a permanent
head decal upright where the laser beam now
strikes the cassette.
22. Slide the lever in the collimator assembly
on the front of the tubehead to the AP-PA
position.
NOTE: If the collimator is NOT firmly seated in its
locking notch:
a. the alignment laser will not fire
b. when the exposure switch is depressed,
the machine will beep rapidly, but no
radiation will be emitted
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
31
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Installation
23. Rotate the head positioner to its LATERAL
position and open the ear posts as far as
possible using the lever on the rear of the
head positioner.
24. Place a loaded cephalometric film
cassette VERTICALLY in the cassette
holder at the end of the cephalometric
arm. Align the top edge of the sliding
portion on the rear of the cassette holder
to the AP-PA position.
25. Position the cassette so that the inscribed
lines on the front of the cassette are
centered directly behind the closest ear
rod. It may be helpful to temporarily
tape a coin or paperclip, to be used as
a reference after exposing a test film,
in either of the lower quadrants of the
cassette.
26. Rotate the ear rods to approximately 45°.
This will allow the laser alignment beam to
strike the cassette.
27. Depress the laser switch on the right
side of the tubehead to activate the
laser. Adjust the tubehead so that the
laser beam strikes the intersection of the
inscribed lines on the front of the cassette.
28. Rotate the head positioner back into the
LATERAL position and install the locking
pin.
CAUTION: X-rays will be emitted when the
exposure switch is depressed.
29. Depress the exposure switch.
30. Remove the cephalometric cassette
from the cassette holder and process
the film. Load the cassette again with
cephalometric film for another test
exposure.
31. Reposition the cassette in the cassette
holder VERTICALLY so that the inscribed
lines on the front of the cassette are
32
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Installation
32. Temporarily tape the processed cephalometric
film on the front of the cassette, in the same
orientation, so that the top corner of the
exposed area is aligned to the intersection of
the inscribed lines on the cassette.
33. Rotate the ear rods to approximately 45° to
allow the laser alignment beam to strike the
cassette.
34. Depress the laser switch on the right side of
the tubehead to activate the laser. Adjust the
tubehead so that the laser beam strikes the
closest physical corner of the processed film.
CAUTION: X-rays will be emitted when the
exposure switch is depressed.
35. Depress the exposure switch.
36. Remove the cephalometric cassette from the
cassette holder and process the film. Load
the cassette again with cephalometric film for
another test exposure.
37. Continue to position the cassette and
tubehead until the exposure is centered within
the cephalometric film (steps 30-34).
38. When the exposure is properly centered within
the cephalometric film, place a permanent
head decal upright where the laser beam now
strikes the cassette.
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
33
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Installation
Perform Ear Rod Alignment
The ear rods are properly aligned when the ear
rings appear concentric (one centered within the
other) on the processed cephalometric film. The
inside ring is the one closest to the film cassette.
Vertical Alignment
1. With a level on the underside of the overhead
chassis, verify the machine is level in all
directions.
2. With a level on top of the cephalometric arm,
verify the arm is level.
3. With a level on top of the cephalostat head
positioner, verify the head positioner is level in
all directions.
4. Power the machine on.
5. Using the function switch on the control panel,
select CEPHALOMETRIC 0.4.
6. Using the kVp setting knob on the control
panel, set the kVp meter to 70 kVp on the
CEPHALOMETRIC scale.
7. Slide the lever in the collimator assembly on
the front of the tubehead to the LATERAL
position.
NOTE: If the collimator is NOT firmly seated in its
locking notch:
a. the alignment laser will not fire
b. when the exposure switch is depressed,
the machine will beep rapidly, but no
radiation will be emitted
8. Remove the locking pin in the top of the
cephalostat head positioner and rotate the ear
rods to approximately 45°. This will allow the
laser alignment beam to strike the cassette.
34
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Installation
9. Place a loaded cephalometric film cassette in
the cassette holder centered HORIZONTALLY
at the end of the cephalometric arm. Align the
top edge of the sliding portion on the rear of
the cassette holder to the LATERAL position.
It may be helpful to temporarily tape a coin
or paperclip, to be used as a reference after
exposing a test film, in either of the lower
quadrants of the cassette.
10. Depress the laser switch on the right side of
the tubehead to activate the laser. Adjust the
tubehead so that the laser beam strikes the
upright head target on the cassette.
11. Rotate the head positioner back into the
LATERAL position and install the locking pin.
12. Open the ear posts as far as possible using
the lever on the rear of the head positioner.
CAUTION: X-rays will be emitted when the
exposure switch is depressed.
13. Depress the exposure switch.
14. Remove the cephalometric cassette from the
cassette holder and process the film. Load
the cassette again with cephalometric film for
another test exposure.
15. The smaller ear ring should appear centered
vertically inside the larger ear ring on the
processed film. If it does not, loosen the
2 allen bolts holding the chrome mounting
tubes and adjust the level of the cephalostat
head positioner. If the larger ear ring is too
low, slightly raise the ear rod farthest from
the cassette (closest to the tubehead). If the
larger ear ring is too high, slightly lower the
ear rod farthest from the cassette (closest to
the tubehead). Alternately tighten the 2 allen
mounting bolts.
16. Continue to adjust the cephalostat head
positioner and chrome mounting tubes until
the smaller ear ring is centered vertically
inside the larger ear ring (steps 12-15).
Note: Contact Panoramic Corporation if the ear
rings cannot be centered vertically.
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
35
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Installation
Horizontal Alignment
17. Place a loaded cephalometric film cassette in
the cassette holder centered HORIZONTALLY
at the end of the cephalometric arm. Align the
top edge of the sliding portion on the rear of
the cassette holder to the LATERAL position.
It may be helpful to temporarily tape a coin
or paperclip, to be used as a reference after
exposing a test film, in either of the lower
quadrants of the cassette.
18. Open the ear posts as far as possible using
the lever on the rear of the head positioner.
CAUTION: X-rays will be emitted when the
exposure switch is depressed.
19. Depress the exposure switch.
20. Remove the cephalometric cassette from the
cassette holder and process the film. Load
the cassette again with cephalometric film for
another test exposure.
21. The smaller ear ring should appear centered
horizontally inside the larger ear ring on the
processed film. If it does not, loosen the
4 allen bolts on top of the cephalostat and
slightly rotate the ear posts. If the larger ear
ring is too far to the right, slightly rotate the ear
posts counter clockwise (CCW). If the larger
ear ring is too far to the left, slightly rotate the
ear posts clockwise (CW). Tighten the 4 allen
bolts.
22. Continue to adjust the cephalostat head
positioner until the smaller ear ring is centered
horizontally inside the larger ear ring (steps
18-21).
Note: Contact Panoramic Corporation if the ear
36
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Installation
Install Soft Tissue Shield
A soft tissue shield should be installed on the front
of the tubehead to filter the X-rays striking the front
edge of the cassette, allowing the soft tissue, i.e.
nose, to be visible on the processed film.
1. Remove the 2 small allen screws on each side
of the front tubehead cover and remove the
front tubehead cover. Do not stress the wires
to the laser alignment switch or LED.
2. Place one of the soft tissue shields, previously
removed, on the front of the tubehead
collimator. It should be placed on the side
farthest from the machine when the tubehead
is properly aligned to the cephalometric
cassette. Align the shield to the scribe marks
made earlier and install the 2 screws.
3. Reinstall the tubehead cover and 2 small allen
screws.
Install Suggested Settings Decal
1. Place the suggested setting decal centered on
the cephalometric arm.
Install Top and Rear Covers
1. Ensure that the RUN/STOP switch on the
printed circuit board in the overhead is in the
RUN position.
2. Slide the top cover on the machine from the
front. Ensure that the wiring on the control
panel side is properly routed.
3. Install the 6 screws on the underside of the top
cover.
4. Place the cover on the rear of the machine and
install the 3 screws.
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
37
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Installation
Complete Installation
1. Verify all steps have been
completed.
2. Refer to the PC-1000/Laser 1000
User Manual and train the staff
thoroughly.
3. Complete the Panoramic
Corporation Installation Report
and the FDA 2579 paperwork
and distribute accordingly.
38
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Notes
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
39
Remote Switch Installation
A remote switch kit is available from Panoramic
Corporation. A remote switch must be installed if
state or local regulations require.
Prior to the installation of a PC-1000, an
electrician will need to install the following:
A. A 2" x 4" electrical box at standard outlet
height on the wall directly behind the
PC-1000.
B. A 2" x 4" electrical box at the necessary
location and height for the remote switch.
C. A 2-conductor, low voltage (24 VAC) wire
routed between the 2 boxes with sufficient
excess at each end to make connections.
Remote Switch Installation
1. Power the PC-1000 off.
2. Cut off the existing exposure switch from the
coiled exposure cord.
3. Install a grommet on one of the faceplates.
4. Insert the coiled cord through the grommet
and connect the coiled cord to the existing
2-conductor, low-voltage wire behind the
machine, previously installed by an electrician.
5. Install a strain relief on the coiled cord behind
the faceplate and mount the faceplate on the
standard electrical box, previously installed by
an electrician, behind the machine.
6. Install the remote switch in the remaining
faceplate.
7. Connect the remote switch to the other end of
the low-voltage wire, previously installed by an
electrician, at the remote location.
8. Mount the faceplate on the remaining electrical
box.
9. Power the PC-1000 on and verify that the
remote switch functions properly.
40
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Screw Motor Assembly Height Limit
The PC-1000 incorporates a height adjustment
limit switch that will stop the machine from
raising past a predetermined height. This limit
height, factory set at approximately 92", can be
adjusted for low ceilings in 3" increments down to
approximately 83".
1. Power the PC-1000 off.
2. Remove the 3 allen head bolts in the left side
cover and remove the side cover.
3. There are 2 limit switches on the outside of the
column:
A. The top limit switch terminates the height
adjustment at the lower end of the travel
(machine all of the way down). There is
no adjustment for this switch.
B. The bottom limit switch terminates the
height adjustment at the upper end of the
travel (machine all of the way up).
4. Remove the 2 phillips screws on the bottom
limit switch.
5. Move the bottom limit switch to 1 of the 3
remaining slots. Each slot changes the upper
limit by 3".
6. Reinstall the 2 phillips screws on the bottom
limit switch.
7. Power the PC-1000 on.
8. Using the UP/DOWN switch on the chinrest
arm, raise the machine and verify the height
adjustment is automatically terminated.
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
41
Screw Motor Assembly Exchange
1. Using the UP/DOWN switch on the chinrest
arm, lower the PC-1000 to its lowest position.
2. Power the PC-1000 off.
3. Remove the 6 screws on the underside of the
top cover and remove the top cover. Ensure
that the wiring on the control panel side is not
damaged when removing the top cover.
S0102
4. Remove the 4 screws on the aluminum chassis
in the overhead.
5. Prop the aluminum chassis up to allow access
to the screw motor assembly in the rear of the
machine.
6. Disconnect the molex connector J11/P11.
Remove the phillip head screw mounted to the
overhead chassis to disconnect the ground
wire for the screw motor.
7. Remove the 4 5/16" allen head bolts from the
top of the screw motor assembly. Be careful
not to drop the bolts inside the column.
8. Lift the entire screw motor assembly out of
the column. There is a bracket in the inner
column that the threaded screw shaft must
pass through before the assembly is free.
9. Remove all metal shims from under the metal
plate for the screw motor. Do not reuse them.
42
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
S0103
S0108
Screw Motor Assembly Exchange
10. Install new rubber gaskets included with the
screw motor.
A. The bracket mounted in the column will
receive two gaskets: first insert the black
gasket with the hole. Center the hole with
the hole on the bracket. Run a finger along
the bottom side of the bracket making sure
the gasket is centered. Next insert the
orange "donut" on top of the black gasket
again; make sure all holes are lined up.
B. Remove the protective backing from the
self-adhesive gasket. The two rubber pads
will be installed in the inner column on the
mounting block for the screw motor plate.
11. Lower the replacement screw motor assembly
into the column, ensuring that the threaded
screw shaft is inserted through the bracket on
the inner column.
12. Now install the 2 5/16" allen head bolts that
are shipped with the replacement screw
motor and install them in opposite corners of
the mounting plate. Tighten these two bolts
down, drawing the mounting plate closer to the
overhead of the machine. Now you can install
two of the original 5/16" bolts in the remaining
open mounting holes and tighten them
completely. Last, remove the 2 5/16" allen
head bolts that came with the replacement
motor and reinstall the last two original bolts.
S0105
13. Reconnect the molex connector J11/P11.
14. Hinge the aluminum chassis back down into
position, but do not reinstall the mounting
screws, yet.
15. Power the PC-1000 on and verify that the new
screw motor assembly is working properly.
16. Reinstall the 4 screws on the aluminum
chassis in the overhead.
S0107
17. Slide the top cover on the machine from the
front and reinstall the 6 screws. Ensure that
the wiring on the control panel side is properly
routed.
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
43
Panoramic Radiography
Panoramic Radiography has been in use for over
30 years. In panoramic radiography, the X-ray
source and film rotate around the patient's head at
the same speed. Simultaneously, the film rotates
about its own axis.
X-rays are emitted from the tubehead in a very
narrow vertical band, pass through the patient's
head (where some are absorbed), and strike
the film cassette sleeve. Intensifying screens
are used inside the film cassette sleeve. The
intensifying screens glow whenever X-rays strike
them, the more X-rays striking the screen, the
brighter the glow. Film, which is sensitive to light,
is placed between the intensifying screens. The
more light that is exposed to the film, the darker
the film is. Since the patient is between the X-ray
source and the film, the amount of X-rays that
reach the film will vary depending on the density
of the patient's anatomy. Dense matter, such as
bone, will absorb more of the X-rays than less
dense matter, such as tissue. Less X-rays reach
the film when striking the teeth, causing them to
appear on the film as lighter areas. More X-rays
reach the film when striking tissue, causing it to
appear on the film as darker areas.
In order to pass as many X-rays through the
patient's head as possible, the tubehead is tilted at
a slight upward angle to:
1. move the dense portion of the skull out of
the path of the X-rays
2. cause the upper and lower anterior root tips
to be aligned vertically
3. stretch the vertebrae in the neck to allow
the X-rays to pass more efficiently through
the vertebrae to expose the anterior teeth
As the tubehead and film rotate around the patient,
the film is gradually exposed by a narrow vertical
band. It is imperative that the film is aligned to
start at the correct position and that nothing stops
the film drum or tubehead from moving while the
exposure is being taken.
Appendix
A
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
X-rays
Film Drum
Tubehead
Film
Cassette
Sleeve
Darkroom Procedures
The darkroom must be lighttight. Extraoral (panoramic/cephalometric) film is more
sensitive than intraoral (bite-wings) film to light, and processing time and temperature.
Manual Processing
• Lighttight darkroom
• Dip tanks
• Timer
• Thermometer
• Developer and fixer solutions • Film Hanger
• Water supply and drain
• Safelight (GBX-2 filter or equivalent, 15 W bulb or less and at least 4' from film)
1. Prepare developer and fixer solutions according to the solution's directions.
2. Verify developer temperature.
3. Under safelight conditions, remove the exposed film from the cassette sleeve and attach it to a film
hanger.
4. Set the timer based on the developer temperature and the processing chart.
5. Immerse the film quickly into the developer and agitate it vigorously for only 5 seconds to dislodge
any air bubbles.
6. When the timer sounds, remove the film from the developer and immediately rinse it with water for 30
seconds while agitating it. Do not allow the excess developer to drain back into the developer tank.
7. Immerse the film into the fixer and agitate it for 5 seconds every 30 seconds. Allow the excess fixer to
drain back into the fixer tank.
8. Immerse the film in the water wash tank and rinse it thoroughly.
9. Dry the film at room temperature or in a drying cabinet.
Automatic Processing
A thermometer should be present to periodically verify the temperature. It is imperative that the
processor's maintenance schedule is followed thoroughly.
Manual Processing
Film Type
Developer
Temperature Time
T-MAT
(for use
with Lanex
screens)
68º F 20.0º C
72º F 22.0º C
76º F 24.5º C
80º F 26.5º C
Rinse
Automatic Processing
Fixer
Wash
8 min
30 sec
2-4 min
5 min
7 min 60º F 15.5º C 60º F 15.5º C 60º F 15.5º C
5 min
to
to
to
4 min 85º F 29.5º C 85º F 29.5º C 85º F 29.5º C
82º F 28.0º C 5.5 min
83º F 28.5º C 4.5 min
85º F 29.5º C 4 min
Note: Extraoral film requires more frequent solution replenishment than intraoral film. One ounce of
chemicals are typically required for replenishment for every 75 intraoral, 3 panoramic, or 2 cephalometric
films.
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Appendix
B
Darkroom Procedures
Darkroom Light Leak Test
Extraoral film is more sensitive to light than intraoral film. The purpose of the intensifying screens inside
of the cassette sleeve is to convert the X-ray energy into light, thus exposing the film. While the light
sensitivity of the film allows a very small amount of radiation to expose the film, it also can pose a problem
if the darkroom is not completely lighttight. Small light leaks can cause fogging of the film while handling
and processing the film in the darkroom.
The following test should be performed in the darkroom under safelight conditions to ensure it is lighttight:
1. Remove one sheet of extraoral film from the box.
2. Lay it on the counter in the darkroom under normal darkroom conditions.
3. Place a couple of coins, a pair of scissors, or any other opaque object on top of the film.
4. Wait for two minutes.
5. Process the film as usual.
The processed film should be clear. None of the objects should be visible on the film.
If any of the objects can be seen on the processed film, there is a light leak or other light source in the
darkroom. The light leak fogs the test film, everywhere except where the opaque objects are blocking the
light. To find the light leak, turn all of the lights off in the darkroom and inspect the darkroom for cracks
around the door and ceiling tiles. Indicator lights on equipment, such as stereos, and improper safelights
can also cause fogging. Turn off all unnecessary equipment and the safelight and try this test again.
Appendix
B
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Darkroom Procedures
It is recommended that the panoramic and
cephalometric cassettes be loaded with film just
prior to use. Do not leave a film loaded in the
cassettes for an extended period of time. This will
prevent background radiation from prematurely
exposing the film. The film should be stored in a
cool and dark place.
Loading The Panoramic Cassette
In a lighttight darkroom, open the flexible,
panoramic cassette sleeve and slowly remove
the intensifying screens. Open the screens on
the counter and place a sheet of panoramic film
on top of one of the screens. Close the screens
and slowly slide them back into the cassette
sleeve. Ensure that the hinged end of the screens
is placed into the cassette sleeve first and the
"TUBESIDE" decal is facing the same direction as
the writing on the outside of the cassette sleeve.
Ensure that all excess air is expelled from the
cassette sleeve.
Loading The Cephalometric Cassette
In a lighttight darkroom, unlock and open the
rigid, cephalometric cassette. Place a sheet of
cephalometric film on top of one of the screens.
Close and lock the cassette.
Note: Remove and discard the protective sheet
from between new intensifying screens before
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Appendix
Maintenance Schedule
Refer to state and local regulations to determine how often to check the following items, or check at least
every 3 months, when the machine is physically relocated, or when powered by a different outlet than
when installed:
1. Tubehead
a. oil leaks
b. excessive drop on kVp meter during exposure (greater than 7 kVp)
2. Control Panel
a. certification and identification labels in place
b. power switch operating properly
c. reset switch operating properly
d. function switch operating properly
e. exposure terminates when exposure switch is released
f. exposure indicator light illuminates during exposure
g. audible beeper sounds during exposure
3. Cephalometric Arm (PC-1000/Laser 1000 only)
a. level
b. smooth rotation of cephalostat head positioner
c. ear rings aligned
4. Laser (PC-1000/Laser 1000 only)
a. laser operating properly
b. laser beam alignment target labels in place
c. tubehead locking knobs allow easy alignment of tubehead
5. Intensifying Screens
a. clean with cleaning/antistatic solution or nonabrasive soap and water
b. no scratches or marks
6. Film cassette/sleeve
a. lighttight
b. no static electricity
7. Darkroom
a. lighttight
b. no light sources other than GBX-2 or equivalent (radios, clocks, etc.)
c. timer/thermometer working properly
Check all parts of the PC-1000 for any physical damage that could affect radiation safety.
Appendix
C
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
PC-1000 Labeling
Panoramic Corporation PC-1000
Fort Wayne, Indiana U.S.A.
Date
Serial #
X-RAY CONTROL
MODEL PC-1000
Complies with: DHHS
21 CFR Subchapter J
CAN CSA Std 22.2
No. 114-M90 LR 96864-1
kVp
Panoramic
70 - 90 kVp, 6 mA
12 Sec.
R
Cephalometric
70 - 90 kVp, 10 mA
0.4 - 2.0 Sec.
L
R
L
115V 50/60Hz
0.5A Continuous
10.0A Momentary
10 A
®
RADIATION
RESET
POWER
1A
WARNING: THIS X-RAY UNIT MAY BE DANGEROUS TO
PATIENT AND OPERATOR UNLESS SAFE EXPOSURE
AND OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS ARE OBSERVED
!
Control Panel
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Appendix
D
Laser 1000 Labeling
Panoramic Corporation PC-1000
Fort Wayne, Indiana U.S.A.
Date
Serial #
X-RAY CONTROL
MODEL PC-1000
Complies with: DHHS
21 CFR Subchapter J
kVp
Panoramic
70 - 90 kVp, 6 mA
12 Sec.
Cephalometric
70 - 90 kVp, 10 mA
0.4 - 2.0 Sec.
Rear Tubehead Cover
VISIBLE LASER LIGHT EMITTED FROM APERATURE ABOVE - AVOID EXPOSURE
AP-PA
Panoramic Corporation
Fort Wayne, Indiana USA
R
L
!""" #
2.0
0.4
1.5
0.5
1.2
LASER 1000
Cephalometric: SID 1720mm, SIZE 203mm X 254mm
Panoramic:
SID 460mm,
SIZE 6 x 150mm
Front Tubehead Cover
0.6
1.0
115V 50/60Hz
0.5A Continuous
10.0A Momentary
PAN
OFF
R
L
LATERAL
0.8
RADIATION
RESET
POWER
CEPHALOMETRIC EXPOSURE
TIME & KVP CHART 10mA
Recommended Times for Rare Earth Screens & Film
10 A
Panoramic Corporation ®
1A
WARNING:
THIS X-RAY UNIT MAY BE DANGEROUS TO
PATIENT AND OPERATOR UNLESS SAFE EXPOSURE
AND OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS ARE OBSERVED
Control Panel
Appendix
D
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
!
LASER 1000
Cephalometric Arm
May use temple support KVP settings from Panoramic
Patient Size
KVP
SECONDS
LATERAL AP-PA
0.8
Child
75
0.5
Adolescent
80
0.6
1.0
Average Adult
85
0.8
1.2
Large Adult
90
1.0
1.5
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Specifications
Tube Housing Thermal Characteristics
Tube Maximum Current
350
25
60 kV
70 kV
20
210
140
100 kV
15
10
70
0
50 kV
90 kV
Tube current in mA
Heat in kJ
280
80 kV
5
0
2
4
6
8
0
0.1
10
0.2 0.3
0.5 0.7 1.0
2.0 3.0 5.0 7.0 10.0
Time in seconds
Time in hours
1 kJ=1400 H.U.
1 Watt=1.4 H.U./sec
Radiation Scatter Survey
Anode Thermal Characteristics
180˚
35
0.00
315 W
30
225˚
225 W
Heat storage in kJ
0.00
175 W
25
135˚
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
20
0.03
0.03
15
270˚
0.00
0.00
0.03
0.03
10
0.00
90˚
0.00
PC-1000
0.03
0.03
5
0.00
16" 0.04
0.00
0
0
2
4
6
Time in minutes
8
Heating
Cooling
Self-rectified
10
0.00
24" 0.00
0.00
45˚
315˚
36" 0.00
Focal spot: 0.5 mm
0
Technique Factors:
Values in mR / 14 second exposure
Tube Current: 6.0 mA
Tube Voltage: 90 kVp
Exposure Duration: 14 seconds
Method:
Survey meter (Nuclear Associtates Model 06-107) at level of
phantom skull at each position for duration of exposure.
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Appendix
E
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Specifications
Power Requirements The PC-1000 and PC-1000/Laser 1000 requires line voltage from 105 to 125
VAC, no load at 5% or better line regulation and draws 12 A under worst case
conditions. The total power required is 1.5 kVa.
Generator Type
Single-phase, half-wave, self-rectified, center-grounded.
Duty Cycle
At 90 kVp/6 mA - One 12 second exposure every 5 minutes to a maximum of 30
exposures.
Tubehead Assembly
X-ray Tube
Rated Tube Potential Peak
Leakage Technique Factors
Inherent Filtration
Added Aluminum Filtration
Total Filtration
Peak Tube Potential at which Aluminum
Equivalent was Obtained
Brand X-Ray or Superior or K-Alpha
100 kVp
90 kVp/6 mA
1 mm
1.8 mm
2.8 mm
Manufacturer
Type
Focal Spot
Maximum Peak Voltage
Anode Heat Dissipation Rate
Anode Heat Storage Capacity
Brand X-Ray or Superior or K-Alpha
BX-4P0.5 or SXR-100-R-5P or
KAX-90-10-P
.5 mm x .5 mm
100 kVp
250 Watts
1 Watt=1.4 H.U./sec.
35 kJ
1 kJ=1400 H.U.
Statement of
Deviation
Peak Tube Potential
Tube Current
Exposure Time
± 12% over range of rated line voltage
± 10% over line voltage
± 10% over line voltage
Measurement
Techniques
Exposure Time
X-ray Tube
90 kVp/6 mA
Measured with Engineered Systems &
Design Model XR201MS pulse
counter.
Tube Current
Measured directly with a DC mA meter
having a basic accuracy of no less
than ± 3%.
Peak Tube Potential
Measured using a computerized kVp
measurement system.
System accuracy is ± 3% exclusive of
waveform, inherent filtration,
and reproducibility.
Maximum Line Current
Machine set at 90 kVp/6 mA
Screen/Film Type
Appendix
E
Kodak Lanex Regular with Kodak T-MAT G (green/400 speed) or equivalent
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Laser 1000 Specifications
Cephalometric Attachment
Film Size
8" x 10"
Source to Image Distance (SID)
1624 mm - 1724 mm (63" - 68")
Exposure Times
0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.8, 1.0, 1.2, 1.5, 2.0 seconds
Tube Voltage
70 - 90 kVp ± 12%
Tube Current
10 mA ± 10%
Laser
Class
II
Type
Laser Diode, Toshiba TOLD9442M
Wavelength
650 nm
Average Operating Current
34 mA
Average Operating Voltage
0.75 VDC
Maximum Average Radiant Power
0.2 mW
Maximum Peak Radiant Power
< 1 mW
Beam Divergence
0.9 mRadian
Beam Diameter
1.8 mm
Emission Duration
Operator-controlled by a momentary switch
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Appendix
E
PC-1000 Space Requirements
35"
23"
Physical Dimensions
35" W x 42" D x 91" H
Minimum Working Space
48" W x 48" D x 91" H
42"
32"
PC-1000
PC-1000
91" Maximum
58" Minimum
The PC-1000 weighs approximately 485 pounds
and is freestanding, requiring no extra support in
the wall or floor.
The factory configuration is shipped with
the control panel mounted on the patient's
left side, unless specified by the customer
prior to shipping. The control panel can be
easily relocated to the right side at the time of
installation.
Note: The FDA requires that the technique
factors (kVp meter) be viewable during the
exposure.
Appendix
F
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
PC-1000/Laser 1000 Space Requirements
72"
35"
23"
44"
33"
Physical Dimensions
72" W x 44" D x 91" H
PC-1000
Minimum Working Space
84" W x 48" D x 91" H
PC-1000
Cephalometric
Exposure Time Chart
Panoramic Corporation ®
Seconds
90 kVP 10 mA
Rare Earth Screens And Film
LASER 1000
Patient Size:
Small Child
Large Child
Average Adult
Large Adult
91" Maximum
58" Minimum
Lateral
.5-1.0
.6-1.5
.8-2.0
1.0-2.5
AP-PA
.8-1.5
1.0-2.5
1.5-3.5
2.5-4.0
The PC-1000/Laser 1000 weighs approximately
515 pounds and is freestanding, requiring no
extra support in the wall or floor.
The factory configuration is shipped with the
control panel mounted on the patient's left
side and the cephalometric arm mounted on
the patient's right side, unless specified by the
customer prior to shipping. The control panel
can be easily relocated to the right side at the
time of installation.
Note: The FDA requires that the technique
factors (kVp meter) be viewable during the
exposure.
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Appendix
F
Final Assembly
Appendix
G
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Final Assembly
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
300521-1
800746-1
800747-1
800758-1
1-418821
800732-1
800725-1
2-419340
800735-1
800735-2
800749-1
800741
800655-1
800752-1
300336-1
800705-2
800701
800704-1
1-229060
1-50362
1-133394
29-318027
1-317968
1-229983
1-229548
1-229916
2-229916
800733-1
300533-1
Base Weldment
Outer Post Assembly
Overhead Chassis
Rotating Arm Assembly
Tubehead/Yoke Assembly
Film Drum Shield Assembly
Chinrest Arm Assembly
Head Support Assembly
Control Panel Assembly, PC-1000
Control Panel Assembly, Laser 1000
Electronics Assembly
Screw Motor Assembly
Belt Drive Assembly
Electromagnet Assembly, Laser 1000
Top Cover
Rear Cover
Side Cover, Non-Control Panel
Side Cover, Control Panel
Cover, Inertia Wheel
Mounting Bolt, 1/4-20X1/2" Long
Hex Post (Standoff)
PHMS 4-40 1 1/4" Long
Holder, Exposure Switch
Decal, Model
Decal, USA Flag
Decal, Right Arrow
Decal, Left Arrow
Film Drum Assembly
Decal, Warning
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Appendix
G
Base Assembly
Appendix
G
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Base Assembly
1
2
3
4
5
6
300521-1
318555-2
229847-2
2-229846
1-229845
13-52922
Base Weldment
Tread, Foot
Assembly, Leveling Foot
Screw, Leveling Foot
Pad, Leveling Foot
Truarc Retaining Ring
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Appendix
G
Main Chassis Assembly
Appendix
G
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Main Chassis Assembly
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
800742-1
318560-1
1-229959
229098-4
2-229065
7-52482
800728-1
800743-1
1-229955
Outer Post Weldment
Bearing Mounting Block Assembly
Bearing Mounting Block
Washer, Special
Bearing, Ball
Ring, Retaining
Switch/Harness Up/Down Limit
Inner Post Weldment
Guide Rail
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Appendix
G
Chinrest Arm Assembly
Appendix
G
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Chinrest Arm Assembly
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
300450-1
1-318683
35-37106
1-133584
2-131761
1-229982
300449-1
317905-1
1-229057
01-02472
18-52750
300452
229988-7
300453-1
229988-4
Arm, Chinrest
Mirror
O Ring
Nut - Push-On .312
Switch, Rocker w/Mount
Decal, Direction Up/Down
Base, Chinrest
Chinrest, Black, Removable
Chinrest, Clear, Endentulous
Bite Guide, Disposable
S.H.C.S 8-32X5/8
Cover, Chinrest Arm
6-32X1/4 BHCS
Handle
HBCS 1/4-20X1 Long
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Appendix
G
Head Support Assembly
Appendix
G
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Head Support Assembly
5
6
8
9
10
12
14
16
18
21
22
23
24
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
39
40
41
42
16-52752
1-133223
1-229887
229098-2
12-52482
237-50752
1-229075
1-230098
1-131739
5-52482
229098-6
230096-1
1-229085
21-318027
1-229054
1-317902
96-318028
1-229055
1-229056
8-229543
223-50752
1-229053
1-229052
638001
300468-1
674008-2
674008-1
800770-1
SHC 8-32X3/8" LG
Washer, Special Head Support
Plate, Head Support
Washer, Nylon (Special)
Ring, Retaining
Screw, Set 8-32X1/2" LG
Rod, Threaded
Shaft, Head Cal
Knob, Shaft Adjuster
Ring, Retaining
Washer, Special
Guide Bar Assembly
Pin, Guide Rod
PHMS, 4-40 1/4" Long
Cover, Head Support
Support, Forehead
FHS 8-32X3/4" LG
Support Guide Rod Left
Support Guide Rod Right
Decal, Red Arrow Yoke
Set Scr Cup Pt 6-23 1/4 L
Support Head Right
Support Head Left
#10-32 1/2" Set Screw (supplied with Knob, Head Support)
Foam Tape 3/16X3/8
Knob, Head Support
Decal, kVp Left Side
Decal, kVp Right Side
Head Support Block Assembly
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Appendix
G
Film Drum Assembly
Appendix
G
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Film Drum Assembly
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
93-318027
4-50622
1-317942
2-317900
266-507252
1-131729
1-133454
300454
1-133579
1-133579
300467-1
12-50621
1-229117
226-50752
300455-1
229988-5
300461-1
PHMS 8-32X3/8 SS
Washer #8
Plate Assembly, Film Drum
Slot Plate Support
Set Screw 5/16-18 7/16" LG
Spacer, Film Drum
Plug, Push In
Film Drum
Velcro Hook Side, End
Velcro Hook Side, Shaft
Knob, Film Drum
Washer 9/16"
Nut, Special
Set Screw #6-32X7/16L Hex
Pointer, Film Drum
BHMS #6-32X1/2
Decal, Pointer Alignment
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Appendix
G
Upper Belt Drive Assembly
Appendix
G
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Upper Belt Drive Assembly
1
3
4
5
6
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
300333-1
229063-1
1-317910
235-50752
1-317911
229576-1
7-52482
800683-1
550002-23
5-50622
10-50642
550003
Machine Casting, Upper Drive
Bearing, Needle Roller
Shaft, Wheel
Set Screw 8-32 3/8 SHCP
Shaft, Wheel Plain Head
Roller Assembly
Ring, Retaining
Drive Motor Assembly
#10-32X1/2 SOC HD CAP Screw
Washer, Flat #10
Lockwasher, Split #10
#10-32X1-3/4 SHCS Full Thread
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Appendix
G
Belt Drive Assembly
Appendix
G
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Belt Drive Assembly
1
3
4
5
6
10
11
13
14
15
17
18
19
20
22
23
24
27
31
32
33
34
35
36
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
800642-1
300543-1
1-317940
1-229305
300323
1-229303
800642-1
26-318027
98-318027
19-52752
4-50642
300529-1
229090-1
03-50622
2-50622
60-318027
8-50642
317909-3
6-50642
300321-1
79-52901
1-318680
2-229171
2-229066
1-131773
300328
1-131708
243-50752
300326
95-318027
300331
300327-1
52-50720
14-50622
550002-22
Upper Belt Drive Assembly
Holder, Cam
Rod, Guide Center
Rod, Guide Top
Bracket, Micro Switch
Block Mounting Rod Support
Upper Belt Drive Assembly
Screw P.H. 4-40 3/4: Long
#8-32X1 Pan Hd PHL SS
S.H.C 8-32 3/4" Long
Split Lockwasher #4
Nut Plate
Micro Switch
Washer, Flat #6
Washer, Flat #4
P.H.S. 6-32 1/2" Long
Split Lockwasher #8
Lower Drive Assembly
Lockwasher, Split #6
Shaft, Cam Mounting
Pin, Roll 3/16 Dia 1/2" Lg
Cam, Upper Drive
Washer, Thrust
Thrust-Needle Bearing
Key, Upper Drive Shaft
Driven Pulley
Nut, Hex Spc 3/4-10
Set Scr 10-24 1/4" S.H.
Actuator, Switch
P.H.S. 8-32 5/8" Long
V-Belt, Drive
Pulley, Motor Drive
1/4-20X1/4 Soc Set Cup
Washer, Flat, 3/4 Std
10-32X3/8 SHCS B.B.
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Appendix
G
Roller Orbit Drive Assembly
Appendix
G
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Roller Orbit Drive Assembly
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
229081-1
1-229079
229080-3
1-229065
17-52922
1-229083
1-229082
40-50721
229098-1
110-318027
10-50642
1-229097
229063-3
1-131704
1-50721
03-50622
550015-62
6-50642
3-50212
542004-0209
542004-0211
542004-0212
Plate, Shaft & Bearing Mounting
Open Block, Bearing
Block, Brg Retainer
Bearing, Self Aligning
Ring, Retaining
Shaft, Wheel Drive
Roller, Orbit Driving
Set Scr 10-24X3/16 Lg
Washer, Special Plastic
Scr 10-32X1/2" Lg
Lockwasher, Split #10
Inner Race, Needle Rl Brg
Bearing, Roller
Roller, Wheel Drive
Set Scr 4-40X1/8" Lg
Washer, Flat #6
Screw, Ph Phil, #6-32X3/4
Lockwasher, Split #6
Nut, Hex #6-32
Shim, .010THK, .5ID, .75OD
Shim, .015THK, .5ID, .75OD
Shim, .020THK, .5ID, .75OD
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Appendix
G
Rotating Arm Assembly
Appendix
G
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Rotating Arm Assembly
1
3
4
5
6
7
9
10
11
12
13
16
20
21
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
317944-1
93-318027
8-50642
5-50362
13-50642
300509-1
300510-1
78-52902
317927-1
27-52752
1-418828
266-50752
3-127291
91-318027
318033-1
91-318028
800698
300224-3
131-18x0.15A
300470-1
126-50750
1-229064
317923
Rotating Arm Assembly
PHMS 8-32X3/8 SS
Split Lockwasher #8
H.H.S. 1/4-20 1" Long
Lockwasher, Split 1/4"
Wheel, Inertia
Shaft, Film Drum
Pin, Roll 5/32X2" Lg
Collar, Cam Shaft
Shc Scr 10-24 1" Lg
Trim, Rotating Arm
Set Scr 5/16-18 7/16" Lg
Clamp, Cable Holder
P.P.H.S. 8-32 1/4" Long
Assembly, Hsg Brg, Film Drum
FHP Scr 8-32 1/4" Long
Assembly, Roller Orbit Drive
Screw, Slotted Dog
Screw, 5/16-18x5/32 AHHL (included only with Cephalometric units)
Knob, Horizontal Rotation
5/16-18X7/16 Soc Set Flat
Roller Bearings
Housing Bearing Film Holder
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Appendix
G
Screw Motor Assembly
Appendix
G
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Screw Motor Assembly
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
300482-1
300485-1
300473-1
1-131790
300466-1
300522-1
550012-6
660000-1
300507-1
131749-1
800744-1
Motor, Screw Drive
Cushion
Bracket, Angle
Pin Clevis
Mounting, Cylindrical
Plate, Screw Drive Mounting
Nut, Hex, Nylon Lock, 1/4-20
Cable Tie
Capacitor, Motor
Pin Cotter
Nut Assembly
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Appendix
G
Tubehead Assembly
Appendix
G
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Tubehead Assembly
1
2
3
4
5
6
8
10
11
12
14
15
17
18
19
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
37
38
39
40
419321-1
1-229113
1-131792
1-131718
1-131719
419320-1
1-131798
229161-1
1-317929
3-50752
1-229101
266-50752
1-131717
91-318028
1-229112
1-418805
1-229114
9-314300
14-50752
680000-14
1-229564
1-229552
1-229551
1-318024
300469-1
131720-2
800753-1
133582-2
318003-2
624014-9
300230
419527
Inner HSG Assy-Tube
Collar, Adj X-ray Tube Hld
SHCS 5/16-24X3/4 Chrome
R.H. Adj. Sleeve
Sleeve X-ray Tube Housing
Assembly, Tube Halves Finished
Shield, Radiation
Collar Collimator Support
Support, Collimator
Set Scr, 4-40X1/4 Lg
Ring Collimator
Set Scr 5/16-18 7/16" Lg
Plate, Housing
FHP Scr 8-32 1/4" Long
Plate Calibration
Casting Yoke, Finished
Shaft, Yoke
Male Plug 6 Circuit
Set Scr, 6-32X5/16" Long
Button Plug, 1 3/16" Hole
PVC Tubing-3/8" Black
Shield, X-ray Tube Housing
Lead Wrap, Ends
Lead Wrap, Face
Knob, Ceph
Collimator, 0.030X0.845
Aperture/Collimator Assembly
Decal, Collimator
X-ray Tube Wiring Assembly
Terminal, Receptacle
Cover, Tubehead, Front
Cover, Tubehead, Back
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Appendix
G
Electronics Assembly
Appendix
G
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Electronics Assembly
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
300496-1
800751-1
800750
225470-2
594002
594003-2
594003-1
3-131747
2-131747
1-131748
1-229174
1-131787
542006-14
5-226396
Plate, Electronics Controller
PCB Assembly, Transformer Power Supply
PCB Assembly, X-ray Controller
PCB Standoff 0.010
Relay, 12VDC, 25-30A, SPST
Relay, 12VDC, 10A, 3PDT
Relay, 12VCD, 10A, SPDT
Resistor, 75 Ohm, 50W, WW Var
Resistor, 100 Ohm, 50W, WW Var
Resistor, 5 Ohm, 25W
Rheostat
Knob, Rheostat
Spacer, #6X1/2 Round
Diode, 40HF10
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Appendix
G
Control Panel Assembly
Appendix
G
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Control Panel Assembly
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
800730-1
800689-200
300465-1
300463-1
2-131779
4-131781
3-131781
318557-1
1-229192
1-131772
1-229310
1-229311
2-131785
229990-1
1-229941
1-229940
2-229940
300460-1
300460-2
1-229184
800736-1
800768-1
Control Panel Weldment
60-120 VAC Meter/PCB Assembly
Knob, kVp Adjust
Knob, Function Switch
Fuseholder
Fuse, 10A
Fuse, 1A
Exposure Cord/Switch Assembly
Switch, Pushbutton
Cap, Pushbutton Switch
Housing-Switch, Top
Housing-Switch, Bottom
Bushing, Strain Relief
Cable Spiral Assembly
Indicator, Red
Switch, Reset, Blue
Switch, Main, Yellow
Decal, Control Panel, PC-1000
Decal, Control Panel, Laser 1000
Relay, Power
Timer/Rotary Switch Assembly
Transformer Assembly
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Appendix
G
Laser Collimator Assembly
Appendix
G
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Laser Collimator Assembly
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
800757-1
300504-1
300505-1
800756-1
28-318028
26-318027
800760-1
02-52750
600500
4-50642
21-318027
300508-1
172-318027
542006-2
800720-1
2-50212
Shell Assembly, Collimator
Guide Rail, Top
Guide Rail, Bottom
Aperture Plate Assembly
FHPS 4-40X1
Screw PH 4-40 3/4 Long
Laser Lens Assembly
SHCS 4-40X3/8
Snap Button, F-Flat Type
Split Lockwasher #4
PHMS, 4-40 1/4" Long
Switch, Subminature
PHMS #2-56X0.50
Spacer
PCB Assembly, Ceph Laser
Hex Nut #4-40
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Appendix
G
Electromagnet Assembly
Appendix
G
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Electromagnet Assembly
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
300246-1
600014-1
154-318028
9-550002-53
300413-1
9-07-50362
9-1-50302
9-550014-9
4-50212
Angle, Mount-Casting
Electromagnet, 24VDC, 200#
PFHS 1/4-20X1/2
5/16X24X1 1/2 SHCPSC
Attachment Plate
1/4X20X1 1/2 HexHd CP Screw
1/4X20 Hex Nut
8-32X1 Thumbscrew Common Knurled
8-32 Hex Nut
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Appendix
G
System Wiring Schematic
Appendix
H
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Control Panel Schematic
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Appendix
H
Timer Circuit Board Schematic
Appendix
H
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
X-ray Control Schematic-1/3
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Appendix
H
X-ray Control Schematic-2/3
Appendix
H
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
X-ray Control Schematic-3/3
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
Appendix
H
Laser Power/Control Schematic
Appendix
H
© Copyright 2008 Panoramic Corporation
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