US Patent 3,908,937 Owner’s Manual For packing and maintenance of Para-Cushion Model 305 Chair Part number: 124255 with 26ft. Mid-Lite Canopy Part number: 420550 Manual P/N 510088 Price $25.00 Revision E: August 2013 ! WARNING ! Parachuting is a hazardous activity that can result in serious injury or death. Failure to follow all warnings, instructions and required procedures may result in serious injury or death. Parachutes sometimes malfunction, even when they are properly designed, built, assembled, packed, maintained and used. The results of such malfunctions are sometimes serious injury or death. There are so many factors, both human and natural, beyond our control that we want you to clearly understand that by using or intending to use our parachutes, you are assuming a considerable risk of personal injury or death. If you are not willing to assume that risk, please return the parachute to the dealer where it was purchased for a full refund. DISCLAIMER There are NO WARRANTIES which extend beyond the description of the parachutes in this manual and neither the seller nor any agent of the seller has made any affirmation of fact or promise with respect to the parachutes except those that appear therein. The liability of the seller is limited to the duty to replace defective parts found upon examination by the manufacturer to be defective in material or workmanship within 7 days after purchase and found not to have been caused by any accident, improper use, alteration, tampering, abuse or lack of care on the part of the purchaser. Strong Enterprises owner’s manual. Para-Cushion model 305 Chair 3 Table of Contents Warning/Disclaimer Table of Contents 1. Introduction 4 2. 305 Chair Model Description 9 1.1. Scope .................................................................................................................................................4 1.2. FAA Approval....................................................................................................................................4 1.3. Operational Limitations...................................................................................................................4 1.4. Repack Interval.................................................................................................................................4 1.5. Model Description.............................................................................................................................4 1.6. System Function...............................................................................................................................4 1.7. Care of your 305 Chair Parachute System.....................................................................................5 1.8 Service Life.......................................................................................................................................5 1.9. Preflight Inspection..........................................................................................................................5 1.10. Fitting the Parachute Harness......................................................................................................6 1.11. Plan ahead......................................................................................................................................6 1.12. How to get out of the aircraft.........................................................................................................7 1.13. How to open your Parachute..........................................................................................................7 1.14. How to Steer....................................................................................................................................7 1.15. Landing and Recovery������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 7 1.16. Reporting of Equipment Improvement Recommendations..........................................................8 2.1 Parts List .........................................................................................................................................10 3. 4. 5. 6. Required Packing Tools Prepare Parachute for Packing Pre-Packing Inspection Packing the 305 Chair Model 11 12 12 13 7. Repair Guidelines 8. Changing the Pilot Chute Loop and Cap 9. Installing the Toggles 26 27 29 6.1 Folding the Parachute�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 13 6.2 Securing the Diaper������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 15 6.3 Risers Placement����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 17 6.4 First Line Stow�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 17 6.5 Excess Line Stows��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 18 6.6 Remaining Line Stows�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 19 6.7 Placing Canopy Into Container������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 21 6.8 Closing the Container��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 22 FAA Approval Letter (Inside Back Cover) 11236 Satellite Blvd. Orlando, FL 32837 Tel.: (407) 859-9317 Fax: (407) 850-6978 www.strongparachutes.com 4 Strong Enterprises owner’s manual. Para-Cushion model 305 Chair 1. Introduction Thank you for purchasing a new Para-Cushion Chair model 305 Emergency Parachute System from Strong Enterprises. It is one of the finest available anywhere and with a little care, should last you a very long time. Rest assured that your new Para-Cushion has been constructed to retain the durability, reliability, and comfort that Strong Enterprises has been building into its products for over 50 years. We welcome your comments so that we may continue to improve our products and help make flying safer and more comfortable. 1.1 Scope This owner’s manual constitutes the manufacturer’s instructions for the operation, packing, and maintenance of the Para-Cushion Chair Model 305 (PCC 305) Emergency Parachute System. 1.2 FAA Approval Originally certified in 1973 under TSO C-23b, standard category, the Para-Cushion parachute assemblies were upgraded in 1992 and are now FAA approved under TSO C-23c, (in accordance with AS 8015A category B and FAR 21, Subpart O). A copy of the FAA Approval Letter is on the inside of the back cover of this manual. 1.3 Operational Limitations When using the 26ft Mid-Lite Canopy (Strong Enterprises Part Number 420550), this Para-Cushion is limited to use by persons up to 254 lbs (115kg) fully equipped (person, clothes, and equipment including parachute) at up to 150 knots IAS. 1.4 Parachute Repack Interval Your Para-Cushion Chair 305 is designed for a 365-day repack cycle. Your countries laws may dictate a stricter schedule, check your local regulations. The Para-Cushion Chair 305 must be packed by an FAA certificated parachute rigger, or foreign equivalent, with an appropriate rating or returned to Strong Enterprises for inspection and repack. If your Para-Cushion is exposed to moisture, excessive dirt or is damaged it should be inspected sooner than the maximum allowed. Note! USA current repack regulations can be found in FAA FAR 91.307 1.5 Model Description The unique Para-Cushion system design (U.S. Patent #3,908,937), with externally mounted pilot chute, allows for a soft, flexible container with protected ripcord pins. The Para-Cushion, is an FAA approved, manually operated emergency parachute system. The Para-Cushion Chair 305 (P/N: 124255) is a back mounted container built to extend from the shoulders of the user to just above the knees. This long design allows the parachute to be packed in a larger area keeping the system at only 2.5” thin. The parachute assembly is designed for use in airplanes where your seat is reclined such as a Grob, Giles 202, the rear seat of an Extra, and many others. The 26’ (7.92m) Mid-Lite parachute is block constructed using low porosity (Lo-Po) fabric. This fabric allows less air flow than conventional parachute fabric and therefore provides a slower, more stable rate of descent. 11236 Satellite Blvd. Orlando, FL 32837 Tel.: (407) 859-9317 Fax: (407) 850-6978 www.strongparachutes.com Strong Enterprises owner’s manual. Para-Cushion model 305 Chair 5 1.6 System Function The Para-Cushion is activated by pulling the ripcord handle. This withdraws the ripcord pins and releases the locking loops allowing the pilot chute to eject, catch air and extract the parachute canopy from the container. A “diaper” is sewn to the skirt at the bottom of the canopy. On deployment, the canopy and suspension lines are extracted from the container. The diaper is released as the last stows deploy, allowing the canopy to inflate. Typically, it takes about 2 to 3 seconds from ripcord pull to fully inflated canopy, traveling a vertical distance of 150 to 300 feet. This does NOT mean that you should plan on jumping or pulling at 300 feet. Deployment time and distance depend on, among other factors, your airspeed. 1.7 Care of Your PCC 305 Emergency Parachute System Observe these precautions to maximize the service life of your Para-Cushion Emergency Parachute System. Parachutes are simultaneously very rugged and quite delicate. They are life saving devices and should be treated with great care. Parachutes are made of nylon, a very strong and durable, but not invincible, material. Nylon is deteriorated by small amounts of acid and weakened by ultraviolet sunlight. These surface effects do not seriously influence thicker materials, such as webbing or pack material, but canopy cloth is very vulnerable. If your Para-Cushion is opened or used, it should be taken to a certificated parachute rigger, or returned to the manufacturer for airing, drying, inspection and repack. FAA FAR 65.129 requires that no parachute be packed, maintained, or altered in any manner that deviates from procedures approved by the manufacturer. The parachute should be left unopened inside its protective container until ready for use. When you take your Para-Cushion to your rigger for servicing, they will be glad to allow you to pull the ripcord yourself, give you a functional demonstration, and answer all your questions. We urge you NOT to open your parachute in the field for demonstration purposes. Foreign objects can cause costly damage the canopy. When your Para-Cushion is in the aircraft, care must be exercised to ensure that it is not damaged. Be sure that it does not come in contact with any sharp or loose metal surfaces, or any objetcs within the plane, which might cut or snag it. All metal edges, exposed nuts and bolts, etc. should be taped or covered to prevent wear on the parachute container. Be sure that your parachute does not come in contact with water, oils, acids, grease, dirt, agricultural or fire retardant chemicals. For long term storage the best possible way to store your canopy is unopened inside the carry bag. It doesn’t matter how long the canopy is kept that way. If you open your para-cushion there are more opportunities to damage the canopy or lines. If you decide that you must open it and remove the rubber bands we suggest putting both canopy and lines directly into the cloth bag (laundry bag, pillow case). The reason we don’t recommend a plastic bag is that nylon “breaths”. Or more specifically it will absorb and release moisture and stabilize to the ambient humidity levels. If it is trapped in a plastic bag there is more opportunity for mold/mildew to grow, while a cloth bag allows the breathing process to continue. ! WARNING ! Leaving your packed parachute system exposed to the sun will greatly decrease its service life. 11236 Satellite Blvd. Orlando, FL 32837 Tel.: (407) 859-9317 Fax: (407) 850-6978 www.strongparachutes.com 6 Strong Enterprises owner’s manual. Para-Cushion model 305 Chair 1.8 Service Life FAA FAR 65.129 requires that “No certificated parachute rigger may pack a parachute that is not safe for emergency use”. The continued airworthiness of an assembly is at the discretion of the FAA licensed parachute rigger’s inspection during repack. While proper care can no doubt extend its usefulness, an older parachute should be examined more closely for signs of deterioration. Your parachute is a sensitive piece of life saving equipment and should be treated as such. However, it should not be expected to last forever, even with proper care. 1.9 Preflight Inspection The parachute must be inspected by the wearer prior to each use. Check it visually for any unsafe condition. Be sure the harness is not twisted or misrouted. Be sure the fittings are not rusted. Be sure the ripcord handle is securely in its pocket (under the fabric pocket covering). Lift Velcro® on the back pad and check ripcord pins. Be sure they are properly seated in their loops. All pins should extend at least 1/2-inch beyond the fabric locking loop. Be sure the rigger’s seal and thread are still intact around the furthest pin. That is your assurance it has not been opened since it left the rigger’s packing table. Check the packing data card in the nearby pocket to be sure that the parachute is current and has been repacked in accordance with regulations. 1.10 Fitting the Parachute Harness Strong Enterprises produces 3 basic harness designs: the standard fixed harness, the fully adjustable harness, and the aerobatic harness. Below, please find proper fitting for each of these models. Standard Fixed Harness - This harness has 3 adjustment points, one on the chest, and one on each leg. If you are putting the parachute on for the first time, unsnap the hardware on the straps, loosen the three adjustment points, and slip your arms through the main lift web (the vertical straps in front), much like putting on a jacket. Next, reach between your legs, pick up each leg strap, untwist them if necessary, and snap them in place on each side of the lower portion of the main lift webs. Lean forward, pull the leg straps below your hips, and tighten them snugly, yet comfortably around your thighs. Finally, snap and adjust the chest strap. Fold and stow the webbing ends in the elastic keepers. Be sure the ripcord handle is securely stowed, yet accessible. Fully Adjustable Harness - The fully adjustable harness allows you to custom fit your harness. To properly adjust this harness, first loosen all adjustment points all the way out. Then put on the parachute as explained above being sure to fit the leg straps snugly. Then stand at attention and take up the slack in the main lift web (vertical straps) by pulling on the harness ends located just above the leg pads. This should pull the straps down snug over your shoulders. Next adjust the horizontal back strap (located behind you at the leg junction) to come in contact with your back. This strap need not be tight for a comfortable fit. Finally, snap and adjust the chest strap, fold and stow the webbing ends in the elastic keepers. Be sure the ripcord handle is securely stowed, yet accessible. Aerobatic Harness - The Aerobatic, or two-point harness moves the snaps normally located on the leg, to the middle of the chest, thereby preventing interference with your seat belt. To properly don this harness, loosen the two adjusters all the way out. Slip your arms through the main lift webs (the vertical straps in front), much like putting on a jacket. Then reach between your legs, pick up the right leg strap, untwist if necessary and thread the right strap through the loop located on the right main lift web at the leg junction. Take care not to twist the strap. Next, snap it in place at the chest on the opposite (Left) main lift web. Repeat the process for the left strap. The straps should be adjusted tight, but not so tight that it restricts your ability to stand upright. Resist the urge to 11236 Satellite Blvd. Orlando, FL 32837 Tel.: (407) 859-9317 Fax: (407) 850-6978 www.strongparachutes.com Strong Enterprises owner’s manual. Para-Cushion model 305 Chair 7 over tighten the straps once you are seated. Fold and stow the webbing ends in the elastic keepers. Be sure the ripcord handle is securely stowed, yet accessible. 1.11 Plan Ahead Be prepared in the event of an emergency situation. Know and rehearse your emergency procedures before they are needed. With the parachute on, sit in your cockpit and fasten your lap and shoulder belts. Be certain these are over your parachute harness. Wear gloves, helmet and goggles, even headphones if you normally use them. Mentally organize your bailout procedure. Inspect your cockpit for projections or sharp edges that may damage the parachute, or injure you. Consider canopy ejection, oxygen disconnect, or other requirements that you may be faced with. All these things take time, and an emergency leaves you little time for errors. Generally, you are better off staying with the aircraft if it is controllable. However, your margin of safety is reduced as time passes evaluating your situation. With time many situations can get worse. Make your decision quickly because all these actions consume altitude. 1.12 How to Get Out of the Aircraft There are only two steps to remember when you must leave your aircraft. 1) Get clear of the aircraft, 2) then pull your ripcord, in that order. If the parachute begins to open while you’re still aboard, the wind may inflate it, dragging you out or into the tail. Also, it may entangle with the aircraft. There are no other rules - the aircraft may be tumbling, spinning, or inverted. Simply get yourself out any way you can. Clear the aircraft and pull your ripcord immediately. There is enough oxygen to breath and you’ll be descending into denser air. 1.13 How to Open Your Parachute The ripcord handle is located near the chest strap on the wearer’s left front of the harness. The key is to: LOOK at the ripcord handle, rather than fumble or tug on a harness fitting. Beneath the fabric cover, the ripcord handle is held in place by a pocket. Look at it first because it may have been dislodged by your exit. REACH over and grab it with both hands (typically with your right hand and left thumb), and PULL! This is no time to be gentle! If the ripcord doesn’t come free on the first pull, check to make sure it is the handle in your hand, not some other piece of hardware. Back the handle up to the housing to create slack in the cable, then punch it out again. The entire cable assembly should come completely out of the housing. To reduce the pull force, push the handle in the direction that the protective ripcord housing points - rather than straight out from your chest. The ripcord housing on the Para-Cushion Chair model 305 comes over your shoulder, so push the handle down toward your feet. By having both hands together on the handle, you also reduce the chance of the canopy or lines entangling with an extended limb. Keep your feet together for the same reason. Body position is secondary to pulling. Remember to LOOK-REACH-PULL. 11236 Satellite Blvd. Orlando, FL 32837 Tel.: (407) 859-9317 Fax: (407) 850-6978 www.strongparachutes.com 8 Strong Enterprises owner’s manual. Para-Cushion model 305 Chair 1.14 How to Steer Having a steerable parachute reduces your rate of descent, increases your stability, and helps you avoid obstacles such as buildings, trees, water, and power lines. The parachute drifts with the wind and has a forward speed of about 6 MPH, which can be directed with or against the wind using the built-in steering vents in the rear. The canopy may be turned by pulling down on the webbing toggles, located on the rear of the risers, just above your head. An 8-12 inch pull will produce a slow rotation. Excessive pulling will not improve the performance. 1.15 Landing and Recovery Ideally, you want to reduce your landing speed by facing into the wind (or quartering slightly). Avoid all but very slight turns below 200 feet. Push your feet and knees tightly together and point your toes slightly so you don’t land on your heels. The tension caused by keeping your ankles and knees pressed tightly together increases their individual support, reducing your chance of injury. Keep your elbows in and try to look at the horizon, not down at the ground. This will give you a better idea of your altitude (much like looking out the side, rather than over the nose during a landing flare). If the wind keeps your canopy inflated after touchdown, you may be dragged. Pull in the lines closest to the ground to spill some air, and then run around the canopy to collapse it. In most cases you can maneuver the canopy as necessary to avoid as many obstacles as possible. In the event of a tree or power line landing, keep your feet together so you don’t straddle a limb or wire. Be prepared to slide through and hit the ground afterwards. You should be able to avoid power lines, but if not, throw away the ripcord -- it is an electrical conductor. If suspended from a power line, do not attempt to climb down and do not accept assistance from anyone until the power has been shut off. To prepare for a water landing, the chest strap may be unfastened (except with the Aerobatic harness) as long as you cross your arms in front of the harness to prevent falling out. Depth perception over water is difficult, so do not attempt to leave your harness above the water. Take a deep breath just before you splash down. Once under water, unfasten your harness straps and swim as far as possible upstream, allowing the canopy to blow away from you. Entanglements with wet nylon cloth and lines can weigh you down. 1.16 Reporting of Recommendations In our effort to continuously improve our products, processes, and services, we invite you to send us your comments and suggestions. As a user of this equipment, you are uniquely suited to provide us with valuable feedback regarding design and/or performance. Feel free to tell us what you like and what you don’t like. Send us an email or mail a letter to: Strong Enterprises 11236 Satellite Blvd. Orlando, FL 32837 [email protected] 11236 Satellite Blvd. Orlando, FL 32837 Tel.: (407) 859-9317 Fax: (407) 850-6978 www.strongparachutes.com Strong Enterprises owner’s manual. Para-Cushion model 305 Chair 2. 305 Chair Model Description 9 The Model 305 Chair measures 42” long (105 cm) by 16” ( 40 cm) wide by 2.5” (6cm) to 1” (2.5cm) thick and weighs approximately 16.5 lb. (7.5 kg). This back mounted container is built to extend from the shoulders of the user to just above the knees. This long design allows the parachute to be packed in a larger area keeping the system as thin as possible. Confor© Foam padding throughout the system allows the user to comfortably sustain flight for many long hours. The parachute assembly is designed to be used in airplanes where your seat is reclined such as a Grob, Giles 202, the rear seat of an Extra, and many others. 11236 Satellite Blvd. Orlando, FL 32837 Tel.: (407) 859-9317 Fax: (407) 850-6978 www.strongparachutes.com 10 Strong Enterprises owner’s manual. Para-Cushion model 305 Chair 2.1 Parts List Harness and Container Assembly 121100 26-foot Mid-Lite 420550 Locking Loop 861047 (black / with Mid-Lite) Cap for Pilot Chute 799030 Ripcord Assembly 611366 Pilot Chute, Lil Grabber 790121 Carrying Bag 816006 11236 Satellite Blvd. Orlando, FL 32837 Tel.: (407) 859-9317 Fax: (407) 850-6978 www.strongparachutes.com Owner’s Manual 510088 Strong Enterprises owner’s manual. Para-Cushion model 305 Chair 3.0 Required Packing Tools A - Shot Bags at least 4 A B - Line Separator 1 ea C - Pilot Chute Locking Rod 1 ea D - Pilot Chute Locking Strap 1 ea E - T-handles 3 ea B F - Pull-Up Cords 3 ea G - Tension Plate 1 ea F E D H - Tension Hook 1 ea I - Fid 1 ea C G H I 11236 Satellite Blvd. Orlando, FL 32837 Tel.: (407) 859-9317 Fax: (407) 850-6978 www.strongparachutes.com 11 12 Strong Enterprises owner’s manual. Para-Cushion model 305 Chair 4. Prepare Parachute for Packing 1. 2. 3. 4. Gather the appropriate tools. Always count your tools to ensure you don’t leave any in the packed parachute. Lay the harness, container and canopy down on the table with the harness facing down. Attach canopy apex to tension hook and attach container to tension plate. By tightening both ends, canopy will be stretched out allowing easier inspection and packing. 5. Pre-Packing Inspection Always perform the following inspection prior to packing: •Inspect the entire assembly for any damage. •Inspect pilot chute and bridle. •Check that the Larks-head knot on the pilot chute is secure. •Inspect Apex area. •Check over entire canopy for damage. •Inspect lines for damage. •Check line sequence and control lines. •Perform a complete suspension line continuity check. •Check the barrels on #6 rapide link for cracks. •Check that links are tight. •Inspect Harness and Container assembly. •Check that the elastic stow bands are in good condition. •Check tackings for tightness and condition. •Inspect Hardware for functionality and condition. •Inspect Harness for nicks, abrasions, and sun damage. •Check that ripcord is snug in pocket. •Check closing loop length. Loop should be 8.5” with a tolerance of - 1/4” 11236 Satellite Blvd. Orlando, FL 32837 Tel.: (407) 859-9317 Fax: (407) 850-6978 www.strongparachutes.com Strong Enterprises owner’s manual. Para-Cushion model 305 Chair 6. Packing the PCC 305 Emergency Parachute 6.1.1 Lay harness, container and canopy down on the table with the wearer side facing down. Inspect entire assembly for completeness and any damage. Flake canopy and pleat in the normal manner with an equal number of gores to each side. Diaper should be between table and canopy. 6.1.2 Fold skirt up 90º on each side parallel to the radial seams. 11236 Satellite Blvd. Orlando, FL 32837 Tel.: (407) 859-9317 Fax: (407) 850-6978 www.strongparachutes.com 13 14 Strong Enterprises owner’s manual. Para-Cushion model 305 Chair 6.1.3 Fold the canopy into thirds by bringing the sides up to the middle. First right side and then left. 6.1.4 Long fold the canopy into fifths, long and tight, bringing the right side just past center then folding the left side over center. 11236 Satellite Blvd. Orlando, FL 32837 Tel.: (407) 859-9317 Fax: (407) 850-6978 www.strongparachutes.com Strong Enterprises owner’s manual. Para-Cushion model 305 Chair 6.2 Securing the Diaper 6.2.1 Spread diaper out flat. Bring lines on the LEFT-HAND GROUP ONLY loosely up over skirt. ! WARNING ! DO NOT tuck the lines inside the folded canopy. Tucking the lines in the canopy can cause serious burns to the canopy and lines. 11236 Satellite Blvd. Orlando, FL 32837 Tel.: (407) 859-9317 Fax: (407) 850-6978 www.strongparachutes.com 15 16 Strong Enterprises owner’s manual. Para-Cushion model 305 Chair 6.2.2 Wrap the diaper around the skirt and left line group. Bring rubber band through upper grommet and lock in place with 1 1/2 inch bight of line from left line group. ! WARNING ! Put only the left line group of lines inside the diaper. Otherwise the purpose of the diaper will be defeated, allowing it to release before all lines are unstowed. 6.2.3 Continue to secure the diaper by bringing remaining rubber bands through their respective grommets and locking in place with 1 1/2 inch bights of line from left line group. Note: If using shorter (1 1/4 inch) rubber bands, a single wrap is sufficient. If using large rubber bands, double wrap each stow. 11236 Satellite Blvd. Orlando, FL 32837 Tel.: (407) 859-9317 Fax: (407) 850-6978 www.strongparachutes.com Strong Enterprises owner’s manual. Para-Cushion model 305 Chair 6.3 Riser Placement 6.3.1 Lay risers in the container and spread the links so they are not on top of one another. Take a bight of line immediately above the links and stow in rubber bands. 6.4 First Line Stow 6.4.1 Right line group will be 14-16” longer than the left line group. Bring excess line to container end, keeping lines even from canopy to container. 11236 Satellite Blvd. Orlando, FL 32837 Tel.: (407) 859-9317 Fax: (407) 850-6978 www.strongparachutes.com 17 18 Strong Enterprises owner’s manual. Para-Cushion model 305 Chair 6.4.2 Stow the first bight of lines in the third rubber band on the wearer’s lower left corner of the container. 6.5 Excess Line Stows (Right Line Group) 6.5.1 The resulting “excess” length of line from the right riser will have only one-half the total number of suspension lines. Stow this excess from the right line group on the right side of the container, in the upper right inboard rubber band. To do this, route the lines diagonally from the first stow to the top of the container, and stow using the rubber band closest to the center of the pack tray. Note! When the 3-stow diaper is used, this bight may be doubled back on itself before being placed in the rubber band. With the 2-stow diaper, this will not be necessary. 11236 Satellite Blvd. Orlando, FL 32837 Tel.: (407) 859-9317 Fax: (407) 850-6978 www.strongparachutes.com Strong Enterprises owner’s manual. Para-Cushion model 305 Chair 6.6 Remaining Line Stows 6.6.1 Proceed with stowing the remainder of the lines. The next stow is in the upper left corner of the container. 6.6.2 Continue stowing down, up, down until a total of five rubber band stows are on the left side of the container. There should be two stows in the top left corner, and three stows in the bottom left corner. 11236 Satellite Blvd. Orlando, FL 32837 Tel.: (407) 859-9317 Fax: (407) 850-6978 www.strongparachutes.com 19 20 Strong Enterprises owner’s manual. Para-Cushion model 305 Chair 6.6.3 Route the lines between the lower two grommets and make the next stow in the bottom right inboard rubber band in the lower right part of the container. 6.6.4 Continue stowing on the right side of the pack, from inboard (left) to outboard (right), until all but enough line to allow for skirt placement is stowed. If, after the last stow at the top, more than 16” of line remain, a short stow may be made at the top of the container. This will be adjacent to the previous line stow, without the corresponding stow in the bottom of the container. We recommend the use of the 1-1/4” rubber bands, but alternatively, any or all stow bands may be doubled if necessary to retain line stows securely. Make sure to put protective flaps above the lines and risers as shown. 11236 Satellite Blvd. Orlando, FL 32837 Tel.: (407) 859-9317 Fax: (407) 850-6978 www.strongparachutes.com Strong Enterprises owner’s manual. Para-Cushion model 305 Chair 6.7 Placing Canopy Into Container 6.7.1 Insert a T-handle through each of the three grommets from the outside of the container. Place the diapered skirt in the wearer’s upper right hand corner of the pack, with the canopy extending across the top of the container. Although the diaper may be twisted slightly to reduce lumps, stow the canopy “flat,” not turned on edge. Fold canopy 90° “down” the left side of the container, then back up. Position this fold between the side flap of the container and the central divider flap that protects the three grommets in the base of the container. “Size” the bottom part of the fold by laying it on top of the pocket. The end of the fold should extend to within 1-inch of the edge of the pocket. 6.7.2 Fold the canopy diagonally from the wearer’s left shoulder down between the second and third grommet, to the bottom of the pocket. The end of the fold should extend to within 1-inch of the edge of the pocket. 11236 Satellite Blvd. Orlando, FL 32837 Tel.: (407) 859-9317 Fax: (407) 850-6978 www.strongparachutes.com 21 22 Strong Enterprises owner’s manual. Para-Cushion model 305 Chair 6.7.3 Make one long fold from the bottom of the container to the diapered skirt, followed by a shorter fold. Spread the apex out flat, and route the bridle to the center of the pack between the top two grommets. All folds should be fairly loose to evenly distribute the bulk of the canopy throughout the pack. Without disturbing the folds, split and fan the canopy evenly over the width of the pocket. Distribute the canopy uniformly into the pocket to prevent lumps. Feel the outside of the pocket for lumps and adjust accordingly. 6.8 Closing the Container 6.8.1 To close, make sure the protector flaps (around the grommets) are between canopy and T-handles. Place bottom flap grommet over T-handle. Next place right side flaps over T-handles, followed by left flap, concluding with the top flap. 11236 Satellite Blvd. Orlando, FL 32837 Tel.: (407) 859-9317 Fax: (407) 850-6978 www.strongparachutes.com Strong Enterprises owner’s manual. Para-Cushion model 305 Chair 6.8.2 Stand the pilot chute upright on the locking rod. While compressing pilot chute, neatly and symmetrically tuck the pilot chute’s canopy cloth in between the coils of the spring. Continue until the pilot chute is fully compressed and lock with locking strap. Note! Locking rod and strap should be at 90° angle to closing loops. 6.8.3 S-fold pilot chute bridle and place under left side flap. Pass the pullup cords (3) through the closing loops in the pilot chute cap and the closing loop that is attached to the left side flap. Next center the pilot chute between the upper two grommets. Pass the ends of the pull-up cords through the slots in the T-handles. 11236 Satellite Blvd. Orlando, FL 32837 Tel.: (407) 859-9317 Fax: (407) 850-6978 www.strongparachutes.com 23 24 Strong Enterprises owner’s manual. Para-Cushion model 305 Chair 6.8.4 Hold the pilot chute in position with one hand and flip the container over onto its back. 6.8.5 Draw the pull-up cords through the grommets by removing the T-handles. 11236 Satellite Blvd. Orlando, FL 32837 Tel.: (407) 859-9317 Fax: (407) 850-6978 www.strongparachutes.com Strong Enterprises owner’s manual. Para-Cushion model 305 Chair 6.8.6 Working from the top, pull the locking loop through the container and insert ripcord pin. Once all three pins are in place, remove pull-up cords slowly to avoid burns. 6.8.7 Turn rig over and remove pilot chute locking rod and strap. Use a fid to tuck the excess pilot chute fabric under the rim of the cap. Dress the pack neatly and seal the bottom pin. Complete the data card and your rigger’s logbook. Be sure the ripcord handle is secure in its pocket. When the pack job is finished, the pilot chute should be centered on the back, and sunk down below the sides of the pack. ! WARNING ! Count your tools to assure you have not left any in the packed parachute. 11236 Satellite Blvd. Orlando, FL 32837 Tel.: (407) 859-9317 Fax: (407) 850-6978 www.strongparachutes.com 25 26 Strong Enterprises owner’s manual. Para-Cushion model 305 Chair 7. Repair Guidelines The following repair specification is set forth to aid riggers in the maintenance of Strong Enterprises’ parachutes. Repairs must be made only by appropriately rated FAA certificated parachute riggers. CANOPY TYPE OF REPAIR LIMITATIONS Re-stitching: No limit as to length or number Patch, single side: Size limit: 50% of panel area Limit of 3 per panel, 15 per canopy Panel replacement: Limit 9 per canopy Radial Seams: Size limit: 12”, no more than 4 per canopy Lateral bands: Damage: size limit 2” UpperLimit: 1 per canopy LowerLimit: 4 per canopy “V” tabs: No limit Suspension Lines: No limit PILOT CHUTE CAP Replace when Spandura® fabric becomes worn. LOCKING Replace one time per year. Length for Para-Cushion Model 305 Chair locking loop is 8.5 inches, tolerance (+0), -1/4 inch. Replace if out of tolerance or worn. BRIDLE Damaged bridles should be replaced. CONTAINER Standard military single side patches or replacement of the damaged area is authorized. HARNESS Any portion of the harness which is structurally damaged should be replaced in a manner to duplicate original equipment. RIPCORDS Damaged ripcords should be replaced. DATA CARD Data cards should not be discarded or replaced. When filled, they should be attached to a new card so a complete log of packing, repairs, and alterations is recorded. This is the history of the parachute. Note! Darning and ripstop tape are not authorized for certified canopies as they may weaken the fabric. Single side patches are recommended for even small damaged areas. 11236 Satellite Blvd. Orlando, FL 32837 Tel.: (407) 859-9317 Fax: (407) 850-6978 www.strongparachutes.com Strong Enterprises owner’s manual. Para-Cushion model 305 Chair 8. Changing the Pilot Chute Loop and Cap 8.1 The Para-Cushion Model 305 Seat has a pilot chute cap with a Spandura® Rim. This Spandura® Rim is handtacked to the top of the pilot chute at 90º angles to the loop openings. By snipping this hand tacking, you can easily remove the cap and lift it off. 8.2 Once the cap is removed, remove the loop by snipping the hand tacking. Install a new locking loop by hand tacking the Type 4 tape to the pilot chute top, (do not hand tack the canopy of the pilot chute) followed by a good surgeon’s knot. Position new loop so that Type 4 material is between loop and pilot chute. Note! Pilot chute loop must be placed as close to dead center as possible. Being off even a couple of degrees may cause the pilot chute to sit improperly on the packed container. 8.3 If you are replacing the cap, you must make two small holes where the loops will come through the Spandura®. Do this near the seam in the binding tape. 11236 Satellite Blvd. Orlando, FL 32837 Tel.: (407) 859-9317 Fax: (407) 850-6978 www.strongparachutes.com 27 28 Strong Enterprises owner’s manual. Para-Cushion model 305 Chair Rigger Tip: Once you have cut the first hole in the Spandura® for your loop to come through, fold the cap perfectly in half at that hole, making a crease. Unfold the cap, and you can see just where 180º is and where your other hole should go. 8.4 Once the holes are cut, install the new cap over the loop by aligning the loop ends with the holes in the Spandura® cap and pulling the loop through the holes with your hand tack needle. Hand tack the new cap in place at 90º angle to the loop. Note! Be careful not to catch the pilot chute canopy cloth below the stitch line at the top of the pilot chute. Doing so may result in stress being put on the cloth resulting in a hole in the canopy. 11236 Satellite Blvd. Orlando, FL 32837 Tel.: (407) 859-9317 Fax: (407) 850-6978 www.strongparachutes.com Strong Enterprises owner’s manual. Para-Cushion model 305 Chair 9. Installing the Toggles 9.1 Thread the steering line through guide ring then through the grommet in the toggle, starting from the underside of the toggle (the side with Velcro®). Lay the toggle on the riser where it will be when set, and measure where the steering line should be tied. There should be one or two inches of slack in the steering line after the rest of the lines are pulled tight. 9.2 “Figure-8” the line through the grommet and secure with an overhand knot. If the steering line is thin, as in the Mid-Lite, or Lite, a second “figure-8” may be necessary to fill up the grommet hole. 9.3 Mate the Velcro® to secure the toggle to the riser. 9.4 For original Para-Cushions (old style) that utilize a metal ring instead of cloth toggles, route the steering lines through the guide ring on each riser. Zig-zag stitch a 1 1/2 inch loop (trim the excess line) then slip loop through and over a 1 inch ring or through the steering loop. Safety tie each steering ring to the riser immediately below the guide ring using seal thread (cotton 24/4), one turn, single ply. 11236 Satellite Blvd. Orlando, FL 32837 Tel.: (407) 859-9317 Fax: (407) 850-6978 www.strongparachutes.com 29 30 Strong Enterprises owner’s manual. Para-Cushion model 305 Chair Notes: 11236 Satellite Blvd. Orlando, FL 32837 Tel.: (407) 859-9317 Fax: (407) 850-6978 www.strongparachutes.com AVAILABLE OPTIONS TO CUSTOMIZE YOUR Para-Cushion Model 305 Chair Custom Monogram PN:099105 We can monogram your name, N number, Company Name, Nose Art or anything you can imagine. Space provided 6” X 2.5” G-Pad Cushion PN: 812113 An auxiliary pad that attaches to the back pad of any Para-Cushion. G-pad is formed to snugly fit around the pilot’s sides providing extra support during high G maneuvers. Aerobatic Harness PN:260050 Moves the adjustment points from your thigh to your chest. Use for high G maneuvers. Sheepskin Back Pad PN:812108 Sheepskin pads keep you cool in the summer and warm in the winter. Lumbar Support Pad PN:812133 A rounded Tempor® foam pad that attaches in existing channel. Adjustable to just the right position in the small of your back. Capewell Riser Releases PN:099114 Allows you to release the canopy once you have landed in case of high winds, water or tree landing. Quick Ejector Snaps PN:099113 (3 each) or PN: 099112 (2 each) Military Style hardware replaces B-12 snaps. Allows you to lift the gate and eject the hardware instead of reaching under and lifting. Call or email for more information and pricing.
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