Curling Instructional Program

Curling Instructional Program
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Curling
Instructional
Program
4th Edition (2012)
Weekly Sessions Manual
THIS MANUAL IS NOT TO BE
REMOVED FROM THE POINTE
CLAIRE CURLING CLUB
Edited by Jerome Gazdewich
Level 3 Certified Coach – Canadian Curling Association
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 2
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual
(Fourth Edition – September 2012)
This fourth edition of the manual is an update to the Third edition prepared by Keith Mallette. It is
designed to be used by both new and experienced curlers, retaining the third edition’s question and
answer format to deal with individual and specific skills or information related to the Sport of Curling.
Weekly sessions have been prepared in order to introduce a specific topic in a brief 5 to 10 minute
presentation which can be practiced in the subsequent curling sessions.
I encourage your feedback – Jerome Gazdewich.
Table of Contents
Ethics and Fair Play
Week 1
Curlers Code of Ethics ........................................................................ page 4
Declaration of Fair Play ...................................................................... page 4
Pre Game Preparation
Week 1
Warm-up ............................................................................................ page 5
Etiquette
Week 2
A Review of the Common Rules of Etiquette ..................................... page 6
Week 3
A Few Rules to Remember ............................................................ page 7 - 8
Rules
Free Guard Zone
Week 4
Understanding the Free Guard Zone Rules .................................pages 9 -10
The Delivery
Week 5
Element 1 – The Grip ......................................................................... page 11
Week 6
Element 2 – The Stance Position....................................................... page 12
Week 7
Element 3 – The Backward Motion ................................................... page 13
Week 8
Element 4 – The Forward Motion .....................................................page 14
Week 9
Element 5A – The Slide ..................................................................... page 15
Week 10
Element 5B – Body Height During the Slide and Release ................page 16
Week 11
Element 6A – The Release ................................................................. page 17
Week 12
Element 6B – Stone Rotation ........................................................... page 18
Week 13
Element 7 – The Follow Through ......................................................page 19
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Week 14
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 3
The Two-Step vs Three-Step Deliveries ........................................... page 20
Brushing (Sweeping)
Week 15
Part 1 – Stance and Direction of Motion ........................................... page 21
Week 16
Part 2 – Sweeping for Maximum Effect ........................................... page 22
Week 17
Part 3 – Legal vs Illegal Sweeping .................................................... page 23
Week 18
Part 4 – Past the Far Hog Line ......................................................... page 24
Types of Shots
Week 19
Part 1 – Draw Shots .......................................................................... page 25
Week 20
Part 2 – Takeout Shots ..................................................................... page 26
Timing of Stones
Week 21
Part 1 – Fast Ice vs Slow Ice.............................................................. page 27
Week 22
Part 2 – Judging How Far the Stone Will Travel ............................. page 28
Communication
Week 23
Basic Signaling of Shots .................................................................... page 29
Strategy
Week 24
Strategy – An Introduction......................................................... page 30 -31
Week 25
Basic Strategy ............................................................................ page 32 - 33
Week 26
Four Rock Rule Opening Strategies .......................................... page 34 - 35
Fault Correction
Annex A
Common Curling Delivery Faults .............................................. pages 36-37
Annex B
CCA Delivery Fault Correction Guide........................................ pages 38-39
References
......................................................................................... page 40
Note. The terms rock and stone are both used in this manual and are interchangeable.
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 4
Week 1 – Curlers’ Code of Ethics and Declaration of Fair Play
As Curling for General Play relies on the players to police themselves, the Canadian Curling
Association has adopted the following Code of Ethics and Declaration of Fair Play as an
official supplement to the Rules of Curling. All players should read and agree to abide by
these regulations.
Curlers' Code of Ethics
I will play the game with a spirit of good sportsmanship.
I will conduct myself in an honourable manner both on and off the ice.
I will never knowingly break a rule, but if I do, I will divulge the breach.
I will take no action that could be interpreted as an attempt to intimidate or demean my
opponents, team-mates or officials.
I will interpret the rules in an impartial manner, always keeping in mind that the purpose of
the rules is to ensure that the game is played in an orderly and fair manner.
I will humbly accept any penalty that the governing body at any level of curling deems
appropriate, if I am found in violation of the Code of Ethics or rules of the game.
Declaration of Fair Play
Fair Play begins with the strict observance of the written rule; however, in most cases,
Fair Play involves something more than even unfailing observance of the written rule.
The observance of the spirit of the rules, whether written or unwritten, is important.
Fair Play results from measuring up to one's own moral standards while engaged in
competition.
Fair Play is consistent demonstration of respect for team-mates and opponents, whether they
are winning or losing.
Fair Play is consistent demonstration of respect for officials, an acceptance of their decisions
and a steadfast spirit of collaboration with them.
Sportsmanlike behaviour should be demonstrated both on and off the ice. This includes
modesty in victory and composure in defeat.
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 5
Week 1 (continued) - Pre-Game Preparation
Warm-up
Before any practice or game, time should be made to
Warm-up and stretch the muscles that come into play.
A proper warm-up has three components:
1. Aerobic exercise
2. Dynamic stretching exercises
3. Simulation exercise
These are summarized as
“step-stretch-slide”.
1. Aerobic exercise serves the purpose of generating body heat and raising the level of
function of the cardio-vascular system. It should be done for approximately 5 minutes just
prior to 10 minutes of stretching before going on the ice. It should be done in full curling
uniform to increase body warming but not to the point of breaking a sweat.
Examples of this type of exercise are “high-stepping” and “jogging-on-the-spot”.
2. The purpose of dynamic stretching is to overcome stretch reflexes which would normally
prevent us from moving comfortably through the range of motion required for delivering
stones and sweeping and they should be done for 5 to 10 minutes shortly before going
onto the ice.
This type of stretching could include: arm circles/swings, lunges, high knee steps, leg
swings, hip rotations, neck rotations, ankle hoppers, jumping jacks, squats, etc. Work out
the major muscle groups and joints progressing from one end of the body to the other.
3. The final phase of the curling warm-up is done on the ice using the sliding movements
associated with the delivery skills. Before taking their first slides from the hack, players
should first cool down their sliders by moving it around directly on the ice, preferably
behind the back line or by moving up and down the ice, along the side of the sheet.
Players can also simulate the sliding motion by getting down on the ice facing and holding
onto the backboard or side boards and simply stretching out and/or slightly pushing and
pulling themselves backward and forward.
Slides from the hack can progress from an initial easy leg drive and upper body position to
a full take-out drive, stretching out the back through its full range of motion.
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 6
Week 2 - Etiquette
While there are numerous rules of the game of curling, much of how the game is played is
controlled by an understanding of the etiquette of the game. Know the rules – a copy of the
rule book can be found on the Canadian Curling Association website.
What should your team be doing when the opposition is delivering?
1. Only the skip and vice-skip may be positioned inside the hog line at the playing end.
They shall position themselves behind the back line when the delivering team is in the
process of delivery. Both players shall be motionless with their brooms positioned in a
manner not to interfere with or distract the attention of the player who is in the
process of delivery.
2. The player who is next to deliver may take a stationary position to the side of the sheet
behind the hacks at the delivery end. The player shall remain silent and motionless
when the delivering team player is in the process of delivery.
3. The players not taking the positions in (1) or (2) shall position themselves between
the hog lines and to the extreme sides of the sheet when the opposing team is
delivering a stone. The players positioned in this area shall remain in single file
when the delivering team player is in the process of delivery.
4. The non-delivering team members shall not take any position or cause such motion
that would obstruct, interfere with or distract any member of the delivering team.
What should you be doing after the last rock has been delivered?
1. At the conclusion of an end, all players should remain outside of the rings until the
thirds have agreed upon the score.
2. Players should be careful when pushing stones into the corners in preparation for the
next end, making other players aware of any stone being pushed in their direction.
What can be done to speed up the game?
1. Always be prepared to deliver when it is your turn to throw – clean your stone before
receiving the shot call from the skip.
2. Once the thirds have determined the outcome of the end, help to carefully push the
stones into the corner.
3. If you use your own stabilizer, be sure that it is at the correct end of the ice.
4. Time allocated for non-officiated play is 15 min per end (or two hours for an eight
end game). It is considered a violation of the fair play rule to purposely slow a game
down so that the full eight ends cannot be played in the allocated two hours.
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 7
Week 3 – A Few Rules to Remember
When is a delivered stone not in play?
A stone must be fully over the hog line at the playing end to be considered in play. A
stone staying outside of play after striking a stone in play shall remain where it stopped
including any subsequent stones striking that particular stone. A stone which crosses
the hog line but spins such that it comes to rest biting the hog line is considered out of
play.
A stone which clearly crosses the back line is removed from play immediately.
A stone that touches a sideline, hits a divider or comes to rest biting a sideline shall be
immediately removed from play. If a stone in motion hits a stationary stone and a
sideline or divider at the same time, the stationary stone shall be allowed to take its
course as if it had been hit first.
What options do you have after winning the coin toss?
The winner of the coin toss has the option of playing the first or second stone of the
first end. The team that plays the first stone of the end has choice of handle colour.
Are you allowed to deliver from either hack?
Right hand players shall deliver from the left hack and vice-versa.
When do you have to release the stone?
The stone shall be released before it reaches the hog line at the delivering end.
When can you safely abort your delivery?
A stone can be replayed if it has not reached the nearer tee line.
What happens if a player misses a turn?
If an error in a team’s delivery rotation causes a player to miss a turn, the player who
missed a turn will then deliver the last stone for their team in the end. If it cannot be
determined who had missed a turn, the lead will deliver the last stone.
What must you do if you or your equipment touched a stone in motion?
A stone in motion must not be touched by any player, their equipment or personal
belongings.
If a stone is touched between the hog lines:
-
By the team to which it belongs, it is removed from play immediately by that team.
By the opposition or an external force, it is re-delivered.
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 8
If a stone is touched inside the hog line at the playing end:
-
-
By the team to which it belongs, all stones are allowed to come to rest, after
which the non-offending team has the option to remove the touched stone and
replace all stones that were displaced after the infraction to their original positions;
or leave all stones where they came to rest; or place all stones where it reasonably
considers the stones would have come to rest had the moving stone not been
touched.
By the opposition, all stones are allowed to come to rest, after which the nonoffending team places the stones where it reasonably considers the stones would
have come to rest had the moving stone not been touched.
What happens if you displace a stationary stone?
Displaced stationary stones shall be replaced as close as possible to where the opposing
skip considers they originally lay.
Who decides the score of an end?
A team scores one point for each eligible stone that is nearer to the pin (or tee) than is
any stone of the opposing team. An end is decided when the skips or vice-skips in
charge of the house at the time agree upon the score for that end.
If a stone which may have affected the points scored in an end, is displaced prior to the
final determination of the score, the team displacing the stone shall forfeit the point(s)
involved.
When is the measuring device used?
No physical device to aid visual observation shall be used in measuring prior to the
last stone delivered in the end coming to rest (except as noted below).
Measurements shall be taken from the tee to the nearest part of the stone. A measure
that results in stones being an identical distance from the tee shall be declared tied.
If two or more stones are so close to the tee that a measuring device cannot be used,
and if a visual comparison cannot determine which stone is closest to the tee, the
stones shall be considered tied.
Decisions on whether a stone is in or out of play at the hog line, sidelines and back line
shall be visual (except as noted below).
What is the exception to the rules?
The only exceptions are that the 6 foot stick may be used to determine whether a stone
is in the free guard zone (for the first three stones) or whether a stone is on the back
line in proximity to the centre line to determine whether or not it is in play.
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 9
Week 4 - Free Guard Zone
What is the Free Guard Zone?
The area from between the far hog line and the far tee line, excluding the house,
makes up the Free Guard Zone.
What is the Four Rock Free Guard Zone Rule?
Any stationary stone[s] belonging to the opposition that is/are located within the free
guard zone shall not be removed from play by the delivering team prior to the delivery
of the 5th stone of the end.
What is the advantage of the four rock free guard zone rule?
The four rock FGZ rule enables the team without last rock to establish 2 guards with its
lead stones and the team with last rock to establish 1 guard with its first lead stone.
Can a team remove its own stone from the free guard zone?
The FGZ rule does allow a team to remove their own stone located in the FGZ from
play prior to the delivery of the 5th stone of the end (provided that it does not cause an
opposition stone in the FGZ to be removed from play).
What if a stone makes contact with a stone just over the hog line and remains
on or in front of the hog line?
A stone which comes to rest biting or in front of the hog line after making contact with
a stone in the free guard zone is considered to be in the free guard zone. A stone which
comes to rest outside the house but biting the tee line is not in the free guard zone.
What happens if an opponent’s stone is removed from play prior to the delivery
of the fifth stone of the end?
If an opposition’s stone(s) located in the FGZ is removed from play prior to the
delivery of the 5th stone of the end, directly or indirectly, the delivered stone must
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 10
be removed from play and any other displaced stationary stone(s) replaced as close as
possible to its original position(s).
Note: A delivered third or fourth stone of an end may hit an opposition
stone(s) in the free guard zone onto a stone(s) not in the free guard zone. The
play stands if the opposition’s original free guard zone stone(s) remains in
play. If the opposition’s original free guard zone stone(s) is removed from
play, then the delivered stone is removed and the stones place in their original
positions.
What happens if a delivered third or fourth stone of an end hits a stone not in
the FGZ and as a result an opponent’s stone in the FGZ is removed from play?
If the delivered third or fourth stone of an end initially hits a stone(s) not in the free
guard zone and as a result an opposition’s stone in the free guard zone is removed from
play, the delivered stone must be removed from play and the displaced stone(s)
returned to their original positions.
What happens if the delivered third or fourth stone of an end simultaneously
hits a stone(s) eligible to be removed from play and an opposition’s stone(s) in
the free guard zone and as a result the opposition’s stone(s) in the free guard
zone is removed from play?
See answer above.
How is it determined whether a stone is in the free guard zone?
After the delivery of each of the first three stones of an end it is the responsibility of the
skip of the team who is about to deliver to ensure agreement with the opposing skip as
to whether or not any of the stones in play have come to rest in the free guard zone. If
they cannot agree, they may make the determination by using the six foot measuring
stick. If the position of another stone(s) hinders the use of the six foot measure they
may reposition the stone(s), complete the measurement and replace the stone(s) to its
original position.
A visual agreement by the opposing skips as to whether or not one of the first three
stones of the end was in the FGZ, does not preclude a measurement occurring at the
conclusion of the end involving the same stone(s).
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 11
Week 5 - Delivery Element # 1 – The Grip
(This lesson is best given with a rock present. You may carefully bring up one of the Junior
rocks, being sure not to damage the running surface.)
How should the handle be gripped?
Hold the handle so that the middle finger is over the center of rotation of the stone
with all fingers together. The handle should be resting on the pads of the fingers.
Close the thumb around the other side of the handle. The sides of the handle should be
held between the middle joint of the thumb and the second joint of the finger. The
wrist should be held in a high position above the handle.
The second joint of the fingers should not be underneath the handle, nor off of the
handle. Do not hold the handle tightly in a “death grip”. Do not hold the handle lightly
with the fingertips only.
In a proper grip, the “V” formed by the thumb and index finger will point to the
shoulder that is on the side of the ice that you want the rock to curl towards.
Where should the handle point on an in-turn?
The handle at 10 o’clock for right-hander’s in-turn (2 o’clock for left-hander’s in-turn)
Where should the handle point on an out-turn?
The handle at 2 o’clock for right-hander’s out-turn (10 o’clock for left-hander’s outturn)
Where should the handle point on release? Why?
The handle should be at 12 o’clock upon release. This insures that the rock will be
delivered in the direction of the release and avoids turning the rock to either side.
When should the handle move to 12 o’clock? Why?
This movement should start roughly 3 feet before release of the handle.
This insures that a rotation or “turn” is applied to the release. Bring the rock to 12
o’clock too early will result in little or no turn - a “lazy” handle.
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 12
Week 6 - Delivery Element # 2 – The Stance Position
How to approach the hack? Why?
Always walk into the hack from the rear.
This enables you to get the body (feet, knees, hips, shoulders, etc.) in the right position.
It also helps you visualize the imaginary line that runs from the broom at the other end
to the stone you are about to deliver.
Where do you place the hack foot and sliding foot? Why?
Place the ball of the hack foot squarely on the cross-hairs of the hack, with the toe
pointed in direction of the forward slide.
If the foot is too low, it may slide back when pushing off and reduce the weight that you
can potentially generate.
The slider foot should be flat on the ice parallel to the hack foot and aligned heel to toe
of the hack foot.
How do you position the body?
The thigh of the hack leg should be pointed at the skip’s broom along the line of
delivery.
The hips and shoulders should be square to the broom. If the stance is not square to
the broom, you won’t slide out to the target.
The throwing arm should be comfortably extended over the hack foot knee. Keep the
throwing arm elbow over the hack thigh.
Sit up straight in the hack – no slouching, twisting, or leaning forward to grab the
stone.
Where do you position the stone?
The stone should be placed in front of the hack toe, along the line of delivery, or
slightly towards the center line from this position, with the proper turn in place.
Where should your eyes be focussed?
ALWAYS keep your head up with your eye on the skip’s broom. Don’t look down.
Practical Drill: Place two cones just inside the near hog line. Line up and slide between
the cones with the stone kept on the line of delivery. If the hack foot is not pointed along the
line of delivery, you won’t hit the cone. Try it with your eyes closed – did you slide between
the cones?
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 13
Week 7 - Delivery Element # 3 – The Backward Motion
What is the purpose of the backward motion?
The purpose of the backward motion is to help develop power in the delivery.
What is the first step in the backward motion? What are the subsequent steps?
It can start with an (optional) forward press to break the stone/ice friction – avoid
playing with the stone by moving it back and forth before you start your delivery.
The backward motion starts by raising the hips, rotating about the shoulders until the
hack leg makes about a 90° angle about the knee. The shoulders should not rise. At
this point the back should be roughly parallel with the ice surface.
With the stone starting to move first, the stone, hips and sliding foot are then moved
straight back roughly 15 cm (typical).
At the end of this motion, the toe of the sliding foot is roughly aligned with the heel of
the hack foot.
How far back can you go?
The further back you move your hips, the more weight you will be able to generate.
Note that the sliding foot should never go back further than the hips.
Some players will not need to go back at all unless they are playing heavier take-out
shots.
How do you know if your sliding foot is going too far back?
If you cannot take your foot out of the hack when you are at the end of your backward
motion your sliding foot has gone too far back.
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 14
Week 8 - Delivery Element # 4 - The Forward Motion
What is the first step in the forward motion? What are the subsequent steps?
The forward motion begins with a forward push on the stone. This is accomplished by
a slight “falling forward” or “rocking forward” body motion, along the line of
delivery (i.e. towards the skip’s broom).
As the body falls forward, the sliding foot moves straight forward coming to rest
behind the stone and underneath the body’s center of gravity (i.e. about the end of the
sternum or center of the chest). Most of the body’s weight should come to rest on the
sliding foot. Step towards the skip’s broom on the line of delivery.
It is acceptable to move the sliding foot early behind the rock before there is significant
forward motion of the body.
At what point in the forward motion is the maximum weight generated?
As the body moves forward and the sliding foot comes into place, the hack leg
approaches a 90° angle about the knee. This is where the maximum push is made with
the hack leg out of the hack. (Pushing either earlier or later than this point reduces the
maximum weight that can be generated).
A slightly longer hesitation in bringing the sliding foot underneath the body will
increase the maximum weight that can be generated.
What else should you remember in the forward motion?
During the entire forward (and backward) motion, the grip and position of the brush
(or stabilizer) should remain unchanged. The head should remain up with eyes on
target.
Strive for smooth fluid motions. Do not jump out of the hack.
When can you abort your forward motion without losing your shot?
A player can recommence the delivery as a result of his/her own team’s action, the
player may do so providing the stone has not reached the near tee line.
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 15
Week 9 - Delivery Element # 5A – The Slide
What is the key to a proper slide?
Balance and a slide along the line of delivery.
How should the throwing arm be positioned?
The arm should be bent with elbow down and
comfortably against the body.
Where does the line of delivery start and end?
The line of delivery extends from the hack foot toe to the skip’s broom.
What is the importance of the line of delivery?
The stone and the sliding foot should move along the line of delivery to insure “hitting
the broom”.
How should the body be positioned?
The head and body should be in a relaxed upright position, with the hips low. The
shoulders should be higher than the hips with the back straight or slightly arched up.
The shoulders and hips need to remain square to the ice – no twisting.
Where should the sliding foot be positioned?
The sliding foot should be behind the stone, on the line of delivery, and directly below
the body’s center of gravity. It should be flat on the ice. Pointing the toe out (or in)
about 15° or so will help with balance. The sliding knee should be under the shoulder
holding your brush (stabilizer).
How do you keep the whole foot flat on the ice and avoid the “toe-only” slide?
By keeping it under the body center of gravity. Simply by pushing the foot forward or
by bringing the knee (or body) back will bring the heel down.
What is the advantage of having the foot flat on the ice?
This provides a much larger platform in order to help you maintain balance, which is
the key to a proper slide. It also reduces stress on the knee.
Where should the trailing leg and foot be?
The trailing leg & foot should be extended behind the body along the line of delivery.
The trailing foot can be straight, turned-in or turned-out, whichever is comfortable
while still keeping alignment on the line of delivery.
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 16
Week 10 - Delivery Element # 5B – Body Height during the Slide
Is it better to be high or low in the slide?
The best height is the one that you are most comfortable with and that best works for
you.
The higher the slide, generally the better the feel for speed and draw weight.
The lower the slide, generally the more hit weight can be generated, since the weight
generated is affected by the extension of the back leg. Also, getting your chin in close
behind the stone can help with accuracy.
How far should the back leg be extended?
In a high delivery the knee of the trailing leg may be just behind the hips. In a low
delivery the trailing leg may be extended almost straight back. In all cases the knee of
the trailing leg should be behind the hips.
The Slide
The Release
What is the body position for proper alignment to the broom?
The stone, the sliding foot, and the trailing foot must all be sliding along the line of
delivery. In this position the chin should also be directly behind the stone.
What is the non-throwing arm doing?
The position of this arm, and your brush (stabilizer), should be unchanged from the
set-up/stance position.
Make sure that the brush head stays about even with the rock – do not let it drift
backwards thus opening your shoulders and reducing your accuracy.
If you use a stabilizer, make sure that it does not drift backwards thus opening your
shoulders and reducing your accuracy.
What about the grip?
The grip remains unchanged. Once in the slide the body remains relatively motionless.
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 17
Week 11 - Delivery Element # 6A – The Release
To refresh, how should you be holding the rock through the slide?
You should be holding the handle between the joints of your fingers and thumb with
the handle at either a 2 o’clock or 10 o’clock position depending on the desired turn.
When should you start to apply the rotation to the stone?
You should start to apply the rotation to the stone about 3 feet (1 meter) before the
release point (i.e. where you let go of the stone).
Should you hold on to the rock as long as you can?
There is no “right” release point (as long as it is before the hog line). It is up to you to
find the point that works best for you. However, whatever your release point it is
important that you maintain a consistent release point for all of you shots.
Generally the longer that you can wait, the more time that you would have to make an
last minute adjustments. But if you have trouble with balance in your slide, or with
generating weight, it is better to release earlier (say about the top of the house).
What part of the body is used to put the turn on the stone?
Only the wrist should be used to put the turn on the stone. This is done by rotating the
wrist about the center of rotation of the stone.
Why not use the rest of the arm or fingers?
The forearm should be along the line of delivery, with the elbow pointing down. If the
elbow moves from side to side, or if the wrist is low, you run the risk of introducing a
sideways motion to the stone which takes it off the line of delivery.
What does the throwing arm and/or body do during the release?
As you start to apply the rotation there should be a slight extension of the throwing
arm towards the skip’s broom, along the line of delivery. This extension allows you to
make a fine adjust to the stone’s speed. Alternatively, this can be accomplished by
slightly dropping the body (i.e. height of the slide).
How do you know if you released the rock along the line of delivery?
After release of the stone your hand should be extended in a handshake position
During the release, where should you be looking?
You should always have your head up and eye’s focussed on the skip’s broom.
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 18
Week 12 - Delivery Element # 6B - Stone Rotation
On a draw, how many times should the stone rotate down the sheet?
A stone should rotate approximately 2 1/2 to 3 times from release to stop. This is
called a “positive” rotation.
On a take-out, how many times should the stone rotate down the sheet?
Regardless of delivery weight, the stone should always be given the same rate of
rotation. In other words the release does not change with weight.
How do you prevent a stone from having little or no rotation?
Always start your delivery with the handle at the 2 o’clock or the 10 o’clock position
and maintain this position until approximately one metre before your release point.
The handle should be pointing at the 12 o’clock position at the release point. Releasing
past this position can cause an over-rotation and loss of accuracy.
What happens if the stone has little rotation, and why?
A stone that has little or no rotation will not curl or may curl erratically at the mercy of
the ice conditions.
The stone requires a positive rotation to cause it to curl in the direction of rotation (i.e.
to the left for a counter-clockwise rotation and to the right for a clockwise rotation). A
stone with no rotation will run straight or snake as it grips flat sections of ice or debris.
What happens if you put too many rotations on the stone?
A stone that spins rapidly will generally run straight down the ice.
What causes a rock to lose its rotation?
A “lazy” or weak handle (i.e. little rotation) can easily lose its rotation as it grips debris
or flat ice caused by pebble wear or hand and knee prints.
What can you do to prevent a rotating stone from losing its turn?
Keep the ice ahead of the path of the stone clean with light brushing.
Can you reposition your hand on the handle of the stone after letting go?
No, you can no longer “double-clutch” the stone. If you let go of the stone after it has
passed the tee line, you may no longer re-grip it and release again prior to the hog line.
This action is now considered to be a touched moving stone.
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 19
Week 13 - Delivery Element # 7 - The Follow-Through
What are the elements of a proper follow-through?
At the point of release the throwing hand should be extended in a handshake position
towards the skip’s broom with the palm of the hand perpendicular to the ice surface.
The head is up and the eyes focussed on the broom. The body should be sliding along
the line of delivery.
This position should be held for approximately 3 seconds after release.
What is the importance of the follow-through?
A proper follow-through helps to ensure that proper mechanics were followed throughout the delivery, particularly during release where it ensures fluid and complete arm,
hand, and body motion through this critical part of the delivery.
The follow-through also gives the thrower confirmation that they released the stone at
the skip’s broom along the line of delivery. It also helps the skip see whether the
thrower was sliding out to the broom and had a clean release or whether the thrower
was off the broom and tried to compensate by throwing back at the broom.
It also shows whether the slide was well balanced. Dropping the hand immediately on
the ice after release is a sure sign of an unbalanced slide, possibly caused by leaning on
the stone or by a push of the stone.
Remember that hands and knees on the ice cause flat spots – not good.
Why is it a bad habit to immediately get up to sweep the stone?
If you feel you need to immediately get up to sweep the stone you are already telling
yourself that you will be throwing too little weight – better to concentrate on your
delivery and throw the correct weight from the start.
By attempting to get up right away you lose benefits of the follow-through which
usually results in a rushed and improper release.
By feeling that you need to get up to sweep right away you are sending a signal to your
sweepers that you lack confidence in them. A third sweeper does not add much more
distance than two sweepers and is not worth the risk of burning the stone as you get
into sweeping position.
How can you help your sweepers and skip during the follow-through?
At release you are in the best position to know if you feel that you threw the correct
weight and that you delivered at the broom along the line of delivery. Communicate
this to your sweepers and you skip. This is important information for them.
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 20
Week 14 – The Two-Step vs Three-Step Deliveries
What are the three-steps of a delivery?
The first step of a delivery is the raise of the hips motion.
The second step is the backward motion (see week 7).
The third step of a delivery is the forward motion (see week 8).
Th to the drive out of the hack and can be summarized as “up and forward” or “up,
backward and then forward”, which had been the standard up to here in this manual.
What are the 2-step and 3-step deliveries?
The 3-step delivery employs all three steps of a delivery (i.e. “up, back, and away”).
The 2-step omits the second step backward motion (i.e. “up and away”). (Note that a
2-step may have a slight backward motion of the sliding foot.)
What are the advantages of both types of deliveries?
The 2-step delivery seeks to minimize the amount of motion in the delivery mainly so
as to improve delivery accuracy. Weight is generated mainly by the push of the hack
leg with an adjustment from the arm extension on release. Note that the “falling or
rocking forward” motion is part of the forward motion of the delivery and hence is
still part of the 2-step delivery.
The 3-step delivery seeks to generate more power in the delivery, particularly for takeout shots, by increasing the motion of the delivery. Note that the two basic ways to
increase power are increase speed or increased motion. The movements of the 3-step
delivery also help some players with timing of their delivery.
Are there other variations in the types of delivery?
Many competitive curlers are starting to use a modified 2/3-step delivery where they
omit the first step (i.e. the raising of the hips). In this delivery they start in the “hips
up” position.
Many will then proceed into the second step backward motion from where they
proceed with the standard delivery.
Others will proceed directly into the third step forward motion from where they
proceed with the standard delivery.
What is the best delivery?
All of these are legitimate deliveries. The best is the one that works for you.
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 21
Week 15 - Brushing (Sweeping) Part 1 – Stance and Direction of
Motion
What is the purpose of sweeping?
To affect the stone’s trajectory by causing it to travel further and to extend the point
where is starts to curl (i.e. to extend the break point). This is done by reducing the
friction between the stone and the ice by:
Polishing the pebble
Raising the temperature of the ice
Cleaning frost & debris from in front of the stone
What should the sweepers do before the delivery of the stone?
Know the shot being called. If not sure, ASK! Know who sweeps closest to the stone.
Check the intended path of the stone prior to delivery to remove visible debris.
Where should sweepers stand when the stone is being delivered? And why?
The sweepers should start near the back line or tee line, moving forward as the player
delivering starts the delivery. This ensures that the sweepers are moving forward with
the stone and are ready to sweep as soon as the stone is released. It also gives them a
better feel for the speed of the stone at release.
What are the standard sweeping positions/techniques for brushing?
There are two standard sweeping positions/techniques for brushing: open and closed.
In both positions the sweepers should be one on either side of the stone to allow both
to get close to the stone while avoiding collisions.
In both positions, the sweepers should hold their brushes at about 1/3 way from the
top and bottom of the brushes. The top end of the brush is locked against the body by
the elbow of the outside arm. The lower arm is fairly stiff for effective weight transfer.
In the open position, the sweepers face forward using a walking/step-slide motion.
The lower part of the brush is held by the hand that is inside or closest to the stone
while the top part of the brush is held by the hand that is outside or furthest from the
stone. Grippers must be worn on both feet. The sweep is typically perpendicular to
the path of the stone.
In the closed position, the sweepers face sideways towards the stone (i.e. hips parallel
to the centerline). A slider must be worn on the lead foot which is kept flat on the ice
the entire time. The sweepers push off of their back foot, on which they wear a gripper.
The hands holding the brush reverse their positions such that the lower hand is on the
same side of the body as the sliding foot. The sweep is typically at 45° to the path of
the stone.
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 22
Week 16 - Brushing (Sweeping) Part 2 – Sweeping for Maximum
Effect
What are the THREE elements of effective brushing?
1. Good technique:
a. Apply pressure on the brush head
b. Generate brushing stroke speed
c. Sweep in front of the path of the stone
2. Good judgement:
a. Develop your ability to judge the weight of the stone
b. Stopwatches can be used to help develop weight judgement
c. Develop your ability to read the ice
3. Good communication:
a. Judge the weight of the stone early and communicate it to the skip
b. Skip/shooter should communicate the line to the sweepers
c. The lead sweeper should occasionally look up to assist in communication
with the skip and check the stone’s path
d. Everyone should know the shot called and if the call is changed during the
shot
How should you hold the brush for maximum effect?
The brush should be held at an approximate 45° angle with the ice.
It is generally up to the preference of the sweeper whether to sweep with the brush
head either parallel or perpendicular to the center line.
By combining consistent fast and hard strokes across the running surface of the
stone, you will have the maximum effect.
Where should you concentrate the brushing of the rock?
Remember that only the approximately 6 inches across the running surface of the
stone needs to be brushed. Don’t waste your effort with very wide strokes.
You should brush in close proximity to the rock.
More than one foot away from the stone for the first sweeper on the stone
significantly reduce the effect of the sweeping.
Anything else you can do to help maximize your sweeping power?
Keep your brush heads clean. Dirty or worn fabric significantly reduces your brushing
power.
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 23
Week 17 - Brushing (Sweeping) Part 3 – Legal vs Illegal Sweeping
Forget what you see on TV and remember your Curling Code of Ethics.
Brushing rules have been put into place to ensure fairness of play and to prevent
cheating, however they are also the most difficult to enforce. Curlers must take it upon
to respect these rules the same way they would the other rules of the game.
In what direction must the brushing motion be?
The brushing motion may be in any direction relative to the stone’s movement, as
long as there is brush head movement in the sweeping motion.
Do you have to sweep the entire width of the stone?
You do not have to sweep the entire width of the stone. You may now “corner sweep” a
stone as long as there is brush head motion.
Where should the final sweeping motion end?
The final sweeping motion shall finish outside the path of the stone.
Why is this?
The sweeping motion shall not leave any debris in front of a moving stone.
What is the penalty for illegal sweeping?
In club play, the sweeping team must declare its own violation, all stones shall be
allowed to com to rest before any action is taken. At this time the non offending team
has the option of:
a) allow the play to stand
b) remove the unfairly swept stone from play and replacing all affected stones
as close as possible to their original position
c) placing the unfairly swept stone and stone(s) it would have affected where
they would have come to rest had the sweeping violation not occurred.
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 24
Week 18 - Brushing (Sweeping) Part 4 – Past the Far Hog Line
Who can sweep one of your stones up to the tee line?
Between the tee lines, all members of the delivering team may sweep any of their
team’s stones in motion.
Who can sweep one of your stones past tee line?
Behind the tee line at the playing end, only one player form each team may sweep at
any one time. This may be any player of the delivering team, but only the skip or viceskip of the non-delivering team.
Behind the tee line, a team has first privilege of sweeping its own stone but it must not
obstruct or prevent their opponent from sweeping.
Who on the non-delivering team can sweep a stone set in motion?
Only the skip or vice-skip of the non-delivering team may sweep their team’s stone(s)
after it is set in motion.
Important: Remember that the vice-skip is the player designated to take
the skip’s place in the house, not necessarily the third.
When can a non-delivered stone be swept?
A stationary stone must be set in motion before any sweeping can occur.
When can the lead or second sweep beyond the tee line?
The only time a lead or second of the delivering team may brush behind the tee line is
when sweeping/brushing their team’s stones that are in motion.
When can you sweep an opponent’s stone?
An opponent’s moving stone shall not be swept until the front end of the stone
reaches the farther tee line and sweeping shall only take place behind the tee line.
Can you change your brush during a game?
At the start of each game, each player shall declare what type of sweeping device that
they will be using for the duration of the game (brush, synthetic straw style broom or
corn/straw broom). Players may change or exchange brushes, brush heads and
synthetic straw style brooms during a game. Players shall use the same corn/straw
broom for the duration of the game and shall not exchange with another player for a
brush or synthetic straw style broom.
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 25
Week 19 -Types of Shots Part 1 – Draw Shots
Define the following types of draw shots:
Guard
A stone that is placed in a position so that it may protect another stone.
Corner guard
A corner guard is a guard that is short of the house and off to the side of
the centerline.
Come around
A come around is any draw shot that curls around another stone.
Raise
The tapping back of a stationary stone, generally closer to the tee.
Tap back
A raise not necessarily intended to promote the stationary stone closer to
the tee.
Freeze
A freeze is a draw that comes to rest touching another stone.
Corner-freeze
A corner-freeze is a freeze that comes to rest off center of another stone.
Why does draw weight change during a game?
Ice conditions will change during a game. Freshly pebbled ice will be slower and will
require some extra weight for a given draw. After a couple of ends, the ice will speed
up and less weight will be required for that shot. After a few more ends the ice may
wear and more weight will be required again.
What can cause draw weight to differ from day to day?
The ice temperature, the air temperature and humidity, and the pebbling technique.
Why is the ice faster when the ice or air temperature is higher?
For the same reason that vigorously brushing a stone will make it go further, the
friction of ice decreases when its temperature is higher.
How do you determine the weight of a tap back?
When throwing tap backs, remember that to tap a stone back a given distance, your
shooter must be thrown hard enough to travel that distance all by itself plus a little
more. The greater the angle of the tap back, the greater the additional weight required,
since a straight tap back will transfer more energy to the stationary stone than one hit
on an angle where the shooter retains some of its energy as it rolls away.
What is the secret to establishing consistent draw weight?
Practice, practice, practice!
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 26
Week 20 - Types of Shots Part 2 – Takeout Shots
Define the following types of takeout shots:
Peel
A peel weight shot is a takeout thrown with very hard weight to remove
stones from play and the shot stone is not expected to stick around.
(Undisturbed peel weight shots should hit the back wall and bounce back
several feet – but catch them anyways.)
Normal
Normal weight is a takeout thrown with enough weight to firmly remove
another stone. (It takes about 9.5 – 9.8 seconds for a normal take-out
weight shot to travel between the hog lines.)
Board
Board weight is a takeout thrown with enough weight to firmly remove
another stone. Because it has less weight than normal weight, it is more
likely to stick around if it hits the target stone off centre. (A board weight
takeout undisturbed should come to rest at the back board.) This weight
is also sometimes called “bumper weight”.
Hack
Hack weight is a takeout thrown with enough weight to gently remove
another stone. (A hack weight takeout undisturbed should come to rest at
the hack.)
Tick
A shot intended to make a glancing contact with another stone so as to
move it sideways but to keep it in play. For example, this shot could be
used to move a free guard stone out of the way without removing it from
play (which would require its replacement.)
Hit & Roll
A hit and roll is a takeout that, after making contact with another stone,
rolls to a designated place.
What if your skip asks for control or regular weight? What does he mean?
There is no set definition of normal, control or regular weight. This must be
established between the skip and his team mates before the game to avoid confusion.
This is why using the distances above helps to establish the asked for weight.
What extra responsibility do the sweepers have when playing take-outs?
When take-outs are played, especially high weight take-outs, it is the sweepers’
responsibility to catch any stones that travel off to the sides “out of play” so that they
do not bounce off of the side boards and hit stones that are in play, or if there are no
side boards, so that they do not travel into the game on the adjacent sheet.
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 27
Week 21 - Timing of Stones Part A – Fast Ice vs Slow Ice
How can you judge the speed of the ice?
The time it takes a draw shot to travel down the ice is a measure of the speed of the ice.
Often stopwatches are used to help gauge the speed of the ice. By measuring the time it
takes the stone to travel the length of the ice or between specific lines, you can
determine how fast or slow the ice is and judge relative changes in the ice speed.
Is 27 second ice faster or slower than 25 second ice?
The higher the number, the faster the ice (i.e. 27 seconds is faster ice than 25 seconds).
This may seem counter-intuitive but the terms fast and slow refer to the ice conditions
and not the rock speed.
(When the ice is slow it means that the friction is high and the stones decelerate
quickly. Therefore to throw a stone a given distance one needs to release it with a
relatively high speed. Because the initial speed is higher the stone travels the distance
quickly and slows to a stop quickly. On fast ice the friction is lower and the stones do
not decelerate as quickly. Therefore, in order to cover the same distance the stone
can be released with a much lower speed since it will take a longer time to slow down
and come to a stop. Hence low times mean slower ice and high times mean faster
ice.)
What would cause ice speed to be different?
In the early ends of a game, the ice may be frosty or may have a fresh uneven and
irregular pebble. This means more friction.
As the game continues, the pebble becomes more regular and the sweeping removes
most of the frost so the ice gets faster.
Draw times (backline to tee line) at the beginning of a game may be 19 to 24 seconds
and increase to 22 or 27 seconds toward the middle ends.
Later in the game the draw times may get slower again due to wear, or flattening, of the
pebble caused by foot and stone traffic and sweeping. Flat ice equals higher friction.
Why is the ice speed sometimes different across the sheet?
A faster track is created down the centre of the sheet. An area approximately three feet
on either side of the centreline is usually faster than the outer edges. The reason for
this is that most stones travel down this fast-track area, smoothing out the pebble as
they go. This effect is further magnified by the polishing of the ice due to sweeping.
Shots thrown on the outer edges can be several seconds slower than the centre track.
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 28
Week 22 - Timing of Stones Part B – Judging How Far the Stone will
Travel
How can you use a stopwatch to determine the speed of the ice?
Timing helps judge relative ice speed and thus helps you respond to changes in the ice
surface during a game. It also helps you judge ice speed at other club's relative to your
own club. Try to get a "sense" of draw weight first. Use stopwatch times to enhance
your skills.
What would you time to judge the speed of the ice?
Measuring the time that draw shots take from back line to stop can help to determine
changes in the ice condition.
Pointe Claire ice is typically about 27 seconds from back line to tee line draw.
A time of 24 seconds would indicate slower ice implying that more weight is
needed for this shot.
A time of 30 seconds would indicate faster ice implying that less weight is
needed for this shot.
How can brushers use a stopwatch to know whether to sweep?
For brushers, back line to near hog line can help determine whether a stone needs to
be swept or not. These are called split times.
Typical back line to near hog line times on normal Pointe Claire ice:
3.3 seconds
3.5 seconds
3.7 seconds
4.0 seconds
-
Back line
Draw Weight
Guard Weight
“Sweep”
What factors affect accurate split timing?
Consistent split times depend on consistent releases and release points. A push or pull
back on a release could invalidate the split time. Also, delivery variations between
players means that one split time does not fit all. So use the split time as an aide but
also develop an innate sense of judging the speed of the stone.
Can you use timing to help with take-out shots?
Yes. Time take-out shots between the hog lines. If you do this in practice it will help
your team develop consistent take-out weight. Depending on the team and ice
conditions a typical time for normal take-out weight is between 9.5 and 9.8 seconds.
Control weight is over 10 seconds and peel can get below 9 seconds.
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 29
Week 23 - Signalling (courtesy of Norm Danylo)
A rink can be a noisy place so you and your team should agree to a few signals. There are no
rules that say that signals must be given a certain way. Many teams will make their own
signals to suit their needs. But there are a number of standard signals that all curlers will
recognize. Here are a few:
How can you be sure that everyone understands what shot is being called?
You should tell the members of your team that if they are unsure as to what shot you
have just called for, they should stand up in the hack; when the shooter does stand up
in the hack, repeat your request. The two sweepers should converse with the thrower
and ensure they all know what the call is.
As skip, what can you do to visually explain your requested shot?
The first part of your signal should be a "pantomime" description of the results you
expect from the shot; the second part of your signal, not required at all times, should
indicate the force or weight you expect the shooter to use.
How would you call for a draw or guard?
First, pat the ice where you expect the stone to come to rest, then move the broom to
where you think the shooter should aim for and indicate the turn to use by raising the
appropriate hand. The shooter should know the weight to use or discuss it with the
sweepers.
How would you call for a raise?
A raise is used to promote one of your rocks. Tap the stone that you wish to promote,
and signal a raise by holding the broom in two hands and parallel to the ice surface.
You can then indicate where the raised stone should end up. Finally place the broom
where the shooter should aim and indicate the turn.
How would you call for a takeout?
First touch the target stone and indicate a take out with a sweeping motion towards the
back. If you want the shooter to stay, roll behind a guard or even go out of the house,
indicate that too with the appropriate motions. Place the broom where the shooter
should aim and indicate the turn.
What additional information is required for the takeout shot?
Since this is a take out, there is a second part to the request, the weight or force of the
stone. Indicate this by yelling the weight (hack, board, regular, control or peel) or, by
touching your arm at the shoulder (heavy), the elbow (medium) or the wrist (light).
You'll soon develop your own signals for weight.
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 30
Week 24 - Strategy & Tactics Part 1 – An Introduction
What is strategy; what is tactics?
Tactics is what you do to achieve something now – it is your shot call.
Strategy is what you do t0 achieve something in the future – it is your sequence of
shots, your approach to an end, to a game.
Strategy is the “achievement of victory through tactical positioning” – Sun Tzu
What are the main considerations that influence of your shot call (tactics) ?
1. What are you trying to achieve with this shot
2. How comfortable are you with this shot (i.e. chances of making it)
3. What are the conditions constraining the shot
Do your tactics align with your strategy?
What are the conditions that constrain the shot, and why?
1. Free Guard Zone:
The FGZ allows each team to set up guards at the start of the end to help initiate
offensive play. Do you take advantage of the FGZ?
2. Rock Advantage:
The hammer advantage is a main determinant on how a team plays an end. Do
you only try to score with last rock advantage? Do you like to steal?
3. Abilities (yours and theirs):
Play the shots that your team is best at playing. Force your opponents to play
shots that they are not so good at. Remember that all players have good and
bad days. How are you playing today? How are they playing today?
4. Ice Conditions:
What is the ice doing? Teams that can read ice have a big advantage. Where are
the runs, the flat spots, the fast and slow tracks, where is the break, is the ice
man sculpting the ice? How is the ice (eg. speed) changing during the game?
Straight ice generally helps with hitting. Swingy ice generally helps with come
arounds.
5. Score:
Is the game close – what are you going to do? Are you down in points – is it
time to get offensive? Are you up in points – is it time to get defensive?
6. End:
How are you going to play at the beginning of the game – do you want to start
cautiously and see how it goes, how is everyone feeling today, or do you feel it’s
a good time to gamble? How are you going to play the middle ends? Do you use
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 31
the second last end to set up the last end? How are you going to play the last
end? Are you running out of ends – time to get offense or time to protect? This
is called “scoreboard management”.
7. Number of Rocks Left in the End:
How do you want to play lead’s stones, second’s stones, third’s stones? What
shots do you want to leave for the skip? If the end is going badly, when do you
bail? When do you “go for it”? Remember that we don’t count the points until
the last stone is thrown!
8. Number and Position of Rocks in Play:
This is the main strategic tool that a team can influence during the course of an
end. Depending on your strategy, how many stones do you want in play when it
is the skip’s time to deliver, where do you want them? Do you think about this,
or do you let what happens happen?
What kinds of strategies are there?
There are two basic strategies which define either end of a spectrum of strategies.
These are commonly called: (a) Offensive Strategy, and (b) Defensive Strategy.
What is an Offensive Strategy?
The goal of this strategy is always to score as many points as possible. This strategy
results in lots of rocks in play – so lots of guards, draws, finesse (down weight shots).
What is a Defensive Strategy?
The goal of this strategy is to limit the amount of points scored (by your opposition).
This strategy results in few rocks in play – so lots of take-outs, hit-and-rolls, doubles
(up weight shots). The defensive strategy is a big part of scoreboard management.
What is the Best Strategy?
The best strategy is the one that makes best use of the tactics that the team is good at
playing. Play to minimize your mistakes. Play to take advantage of the breaks that you
get. (At an advanced level, strategy is about forcing your opposition into mistakes and
then exploiting them).
When is Strategy important?
Strategy is important when your shot making is “good enough”.
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 32
Week 25 - Thoughts on Basic Strategy (based on contribution from Norm
Danylo)
How would call the first stones when you have the hammer?
If your team has the hammer, it means you will be throwing the very last rock of the
end.
A common strategy is to try to score more than one point. However, if you are
protecting a big lead or trying to get hammer for next end, then a blank is fine too.
Wouldn’t it be nice if all you had to do with your last stone is a simple draw to the
house without any stone in the way, or make an open take-out?
If you decide to play defensively, then call your first shots to be to the corners, either in
or just in front of the house. Later, you can draw some shots behind those guards to
try to score more than one point. Force the play to the sides.
If you decide to play offensively, then call your first shots to be corner guards out in
front of the house. Use these guards to draw behind later in the end. Force the play to
the sides.
If your opponent places guards on the centre line, get rid of them (when you can), or at
least replace them with your own that can be promoted later. Try to keep the centre of
the ice open for your last shot.
Consider blanking the end with the hammer if it is not possible to score more than one
point. It all depends on your strategy.
How would you call the first stones when you don’t have the hammer?
Common strategies are to either steal one or more points or to force your opponent to
score only one point.
The best way to steal a point is use guards to protect or shot rock. If you can’t get
guards up consider using backing.
If your strategy is to steal, start the end by placing guards on the centre line about 4 to
8 feet in front of the house. Later in the end you can come around the center junk and
place your stones into the 4-foot.
If your strategy is to force, start the end by drawing into the 4-foot so as to keep the
front clean.
If it looks like the opposition is going to score one, then consider playing a shot to limit
the damage. It’s always better to let the opposition score one or two than two or three
or more. You can go to the next end with the hammer and start again,
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 33
(continued over)
How do you avoiding three and four-enders against you?
After the second’s stones have been thrown, you can usually tell if things are
proceeding according to plan or if a disaster is in the makings.
If you are in control, great, but, if your third is about to throw his/her first stone and
the opposition is sitting four stones in the house to your zero stones, consider
mitigating shots.
Look for opposition stones that can provide a good pocket (backing) for you to draw to.
Ask for "safe" shots that will give you a chance to leave your stone in the house.
A come around draw can really be of help to you at this point. Ensure that your third
knows that it is better to be short of the house rather than through the house; you
might then be able to promote that stone.
How do you learn from your mistakes?
So, despite all, the opposition has scored more than you and you are sitting in the
lounge with your team and «them»!!
This is a good occasion to discuss the game with your team and with the opposition,
without belabouring the issue. We can all learn from the expertise of others as well as
from our mistakes.
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 34
Week 26 – FGZ Opening Tactics (based on contribution from Ron McKay)
It is the lead stones that set the strategy for the end, therefore these are important shots!
What are some opening tactical options if you don’t have last stone?
Here are three basic choices without hammer:
The center guard 4 - 8ft out front of the house is the most common tactic for an
offensive strategy. This strategy is used if: you are down in the game and you need
points; the ice is swingy, your team’s forte is the offensive game, the opposition’s forte
is not the offensive game (eg. they are weak on the draw).
The draw to the four foot in front of the tee-line is a common tactic for a defensive
strategy. This strategy is used if: you have a lead that you would like to protect, the ice
is straight, your team’s forte is the defensive game, the opposition’s forte is not the
defensive game (eg, they are weak on the hit).
If you are ulta-defensive (i.e. big lead at the end of the game) throwing the stone
through the house is an option. The opponent likely will counter with a corner guard.
You could then opt to throw through the house again or you could draw around the
opponent’s guard (“the best defence being a good offence”).
What are some opening tactical options if you have last stone?
Here are some choices depending on what the opposition does with their
first stone:
A. Opponent place a center guard out front of the house:
a. if you are offensive put up a corner guard;
b. if you are offensive draw around the guard and bury in front of the tee-line
(but remember that you are taking the play to the center of the sheet which
is what the opposition wants);
c. if you are very offensive split the center guard to create two corner guards
(but be careful that you don’t remove the center guard – remember the FGZ
rule);
d. you may also play the split (or tick) on the center guard if you are defensive
– here you are simply trying to get rid of the center guard thus preventing
center cover later in the end.
e. if you are defensive push the opponent’s guard into the house and roll over
for a corner guard (again remember the FGZ rule);
f. if you are defensive draw into the corner of the house behind the tee line
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 35
g. if you are very defensive throw your stone through the house.
B. Opponent draws into the four-foot:
a. if you are offensive put up a corner guard;
b. if you are offensive you can tap the opposition stone for backing (realize that
you may be committing to play in the center of the house cutting down the
scoring region for you which is what the opposition wants);
c. if you are defensive you can play a hit and roll to the corner;
d. if you are very defensive you can play a hit and roll out.
C. Opponent throws their stone through the house:
a. if you are offensive put up a corner guard (the opposition may throw their
second stone through as well giving you the opportunity to put up a second
corner guard or to draw around your first guard);
If the opposition throws their second stone through too, they may be telling
you that “if you can make every shot in the end you can have two points”.
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 36
Annex A – Common Curling Delivery Faults
What’s the fault?
What did you see?
Guess what caused it?
Now lets improve it
BALANCE
unsteadiness
incorrect position of
sliding foot
(correct placement of
sliding foot and complete
extension of the body)
partial extension
failure to completely
extend
excess weight on brush
incorrect position of
sliding foot and incorrect
use of brush
excess weight on trailing
leg
incorrect position of
sliding foot
lateral drift
timing / direction of
sliding foot motion
hand on ice at release
excess leg drive
gradual progression of
acceleration
lateral drift
sliding foot under the body
too fast or across the line
of delivery – poor balance
gradual movement of
sliding foot toward the line
of delivery
LINE OF DELIVERY
(Directing the stone and
sliding foot at the skip’s
broom)
forward slide without stone
to focus on sliding foot
complete extension of body
off the ice, on the ice
ensure that sliding foot
placed under sternum
review use of brush above
develop timing / direction
of sliding foot
sliding foot should go
straight back in back swing
sliding foot beside stone
sliding foot did not delay at
the beginning of the
forward slide
backward motion of stone
not straight back
incorrect position of stone
in the stance
lateral forward motion of
stone
forward motion of stone
not on the axis of delivery
sliding foot not on the line
of delivery
incorrect positioning of
sliding foot in the stance
ensure the sliding foot
delays in the forward swing
practice without stone
place the stone in line with
the hack foot on the axis of
delivery
see above
positioning of the feet
parallel to the axis of
delivery in the stance
practice directing the
sliding foot toward a target
inside the hog line without
a stone
(continued over)
Pointe Claire Curling Club
What’s the fault?
RELEASE
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
What did you see?
no rotation of stone
(correct grip, handle
adjustment, release motion
and follow through)
over rotation of stone
Guess what caused it?
page 37
Now lets improve it
not enough handle
adjustment (2:00/10:00)
/ incorrect grip
proper grip /
recommended handle
adjustment
early rotation of stone /
lack of positive release
concentrate on keeping
turn until 1 m from release
point to develop consistent
release motion and
maintain handle until
release / handshake follow
through
too fast a release motion /
loss of balance at release
see above
over rotation of wrist and
forearm / no handshake
follow through
turned stone inside
(outside in)
flipped stone out
out)
(inside
incorrect grip / incorrect
follow through / too slow
a release motion / not
enough handle adjustment
/ early rotation of stone /
incorrect position of stone
/ back swing or forward
swing not along axis of
delivery
see above / positive release
/ handshake follow
through / balance at
release / practice release to
obtain 2.5 to 4 rotations of
the stone in the length of
the ice
incorrect grip / incorrect
follow through / too fast a
release motion / not
enough handle adjustment
/ early rotation of stone /
incorrect position of stone
/ back swing or forward
swing not along axis of
delivery
see above
inconsistent curl
inconsistent point of
release / inconsistent or
incorrect follow through /
inconsistent or incorrect
release motion / loss of
balance at release
inconsistent weight control
inconsistent point of
release / inconsistent or
incorrect follow through /
inconsistent or incorrect
release motion / loss of
balance at release
incorrect follow through
loss of balance at release /
incorrect release motion /
no handshake
missing the broom
all of the above
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
page 38
Annex B – CCA Level 2 Technical Delivery Fault Correction Guide
BAD
GOOD
GRIP
1. Handle is held only by the fingertips
2. Handle is held in the hand
3. Thumb is on the side of the handle
4.The “V” is formed by the thumb and index points to the opposite shoulder (handle at 12:00)
5. The wrist is held high
6. The grip is in the centre of the rock
Y
Y
N
N
N
N
N
N
Y
Y
Y
Y
STANCE
1. The hack foot is pressed into the hack (ball of the foot on the “t”)
2. The hack foot and knee point towards the target
3. The sliding foot lies flat on the ice surface, parallel with the other foot
4. The heel of the sliding foot is aligned with the toe of the sliding foot
5. Comfortable, with back straight and leaning slightly to the front
6. Shoulders are parallel to the ice surface
7. Shoulders and hips are perpendicular to the target (axis of delivery)
8. The rock is on the axis
9. The head of the brush is on the ice, aligned with the sliding foot (or the brush is on the ice)
10. The delivery arm is comfortably straight with the elbow turned in
11. Head is straight and eyes are on the target
12. In-turn: rock handle at 10 o’clock for a right-hander; 2 o’clock for a left-hander
13. Out-turn: rock is at 2 o’clock for a right-hander; 10 o’clock for a left-hander
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
BACK SWING
1. Begins with a forward push of the rock towards the target (about 10 cm)
2. Hips are raised; hack knee keeps a 90° bend
3. The backward movement begins with the rock followed by the sliding foot (rock…….…foot)
4. Hips and shoulders remain at the same level during this backward motion
5. The rock remains along the axis in front of the sliding foot
6. At the end of the back swing, the sliding foot points toward the target
7. The grip remains unchanged (In-turn or Out-turn)
8. The position of the handle (10 or 2 o’clock) remains unchanged (in-turn or Out-turn)
9. Head is straight and eyes are on the target
10a. On take-outs, at the end of the back swing, the sliding foot is on – or almost on the axis
10b. “, “ ,the toe of the sliding foot is 0 to 15 cm behind the other foot
10c. “, “ , the weight of the body is on the sliding foot
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
FORWARD SWING
1. begins with forward push of the rock followed by the sliding foot
2. For take-outs: sliding foot follows after a longer delay
3. The rock remains on the axis in front of the hack foot
4. At the end of the forward swing, the sliding foot is slightly open (5 to 15°)
5.
“
, the sliding foot is directly behind the rock
6.
“
, the delivery arm is comfortably straight, with elbow turned in
7.
“
, the grip of the handle remains unchanged
8.
“
, the position of the handle (10 or 2 o’clock) is unchanged
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
(continued over)
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
DELIVERY
1. The sliding foot is in the centre of the body (front view)
2. The sliding foot is between the stomach and the chest (side view)
3. The sliding foot is directly behind the stone
4. The rock remains in line with the target
5. The sliding foot remains in line with the target
6. The sliding foot is slightly open (5 to 15°)
7. The knee of the sliding foot is open (5 to 15°)
8. The throwing arm bends slightly during the downward movement (approx. 150°)
9. The throwing arm is bent too deeply (90° to 120°)
10. The throwing arm is fully extended (180°)
11. The elbow of the delivery arm remains turns in
12. The knee of the sliding foot is bent too deeply (less than 60°)
13. The knee of the sliding foot is not bent enough (more than 90°)
14. Hips are parallel to the ice
15. Shoulders are parallel to the ice
16. Shoulders face towards the skips broom (perpendicular to the axis)
17. The brush position is correct
18. Shoulders are at the correct height (back straight or slightly bent)
19. Shoulders are too high (back is almost vertical)
20. Shoulders are too low (upper body leans against the ice)
21. The trailing foot slides along the axis
22. The trailing foot is turned in or is straight
23. The trailing foot is turned out
24. The trailing leg is straight or slightly bent
25. The knee of the trailing leg lies heavily on the ice
26. The grip remains unchanged (In-turn or Out-turn)
27. The position of the handle remains unchanged (In-turn or Out-turn)
28. Head is straight and eyes are on the target
RELEASE
1. The turn is given by the wrist (not by the fingers)
2. In turn: the stone delivery – wide or narrow – is caused by the extension of
the release arm
3. In turn: the stone delivery – wide or narrow – is caused by the release
4. In turn: the stone delivery – wide or narrow – is caused by the extension of
the release arm
5. In turn: the stone delivery – wide or narrow – is caused by the release
6. Smooth extension of the release arm, with the elbow turned in
7. Arm extension begins at the shoulder
8. Over extension of the release arm
9. The turn is given over the last metre
10. The turn is given too early (more than a metre before release)
11. The handle position is at 12 o’clock (both In-turn and Out-turn)
12. The rock rotates 2.5 to 4 revolutions down the ice
13. The wrist stays high
14. At the point of release, the “V” still points towards the opposite shoulder
15. Head is straight and eyes on the target
FOLLOW-THROUGH
1. The delivery continues for at least 3 seconds
2. The wrist stays high
3. The eyes and the release arm and hand still aim toward the target
The “V” continues to point towards the opposite shoulder
page 39
BAD
GOOD
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
N
Y
Y
N
Y
Y
N
N
N
N
N
Y
Y
N
Y
N
N
Y
N
N
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
N
N
Y
N
Y
N
Y
N
N
N
Y
N
Y
N
Y
Y
Y
N
Y
Y
N
Y
Y
N
N
Y
N
Y
Y
N
Y
N
N
N
N
N
N
Y
N
N
Y
N
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
N
N
N
N
Y
Y
Y
Y
Pointe Claire Curling Club
Instructional Program Manual – 4th Edition
References
Getting Started in Curling: Canadian Curling Association
Curling – The Basics Reviewed: Canadian Curling Association
Discover Curling: Canadian Curling Association
Free Guard Zone Strategy Workbook: Canadian Curling Association
Level 1 Technical Manual: Canadian Curling Association
Level 2 Technical Manual: Canadian Curling Association
Rules for General Play: Canadian Curling Association
Warming Up Before Playing Curling: Canadian Curling Association
Curling Technical Analysis Sheet: André Ferland, Marc Pelletier and Benoit Cyr
No Backswing Delivery: Curling Québec
PCCC Junior Curling Program Skills Program: Keith Mallette (2002)
PCCC Start of Season Curling Clinics: Keith Mallette (2003)
Miscellaneous references: Jean-François Rousseau – Curling Québec Level 2 Course Conductor
The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Curling: Rod Bolton & Ann Douglas
Curling For Dummies: Bob Weeks
"You Have to be Cross-legged to Balance" Ernie Comerford Oct. 2002
http://www.calgaryyouthcurling.com/caycic_instructips.html
National Training Centre of the Canadian Curling Centre – Articles compiled by Bill Tschirart
http://www.ntc.curling.ca/articles.htm
The Curling School operated by CurlTech
http://www.curlingschool.com/
Basic Strategy for the New Skip by Norm Danylo
http://www.curlingzone.com/forums/training.php
Bonspiels.ca Strategy Book
http://www.bonspiels.ca/strategy.asp
Curling Tips – Curling with Ray Turnbull Website
http://curlingwithrayturnbull.com/tips/past.htm
page 40
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