SAS Test Adapter - Wilder Technologies

SAS Test Adapter - Wilder Technologies
SAS Test Adapter User Manual SAS Test Adapter User Manual P a g e | 1 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Test Adapter User Manual Table of Contents Introduction ..................................................................................................................................... 3 Product Inspection .......................................................................................................................... 5 The SAS Test Adapter Care and Handling Precautions .................................................................... 6 General Test Adapter, Cable, and Connector .................................................................................. 8 Handling and Storage .................................................................................................................. 8 Visual Inspection.......................................................................................................................... 8 Cleaning ....................................................................................................................................... 8 Making Connections .................................................................................................................... 8 Electrostatic Discharge Information ................................................................................................ 9 User Model .................................................................................................................................... 10 Calibration ..................................................................................................................................... 14 SOLT ........................................................................................................................................... 15 1X‐THRU .................................................................................................................................... 16 Mechanical and Environmental Specifications.............................................................................. 17 Electrical Specifications ................................................................................................................. 22 Wilder Technologies, LLC – Limited Warranty .............................................................................. 33 Wilder Technologies, LLC – Terms & Conditions of Sale ............................................................... 34 Compliance with Environmental Legislation ................................................................................. 35 WEEE Compliance Statement .................................................................................................... 35 Glossary of Terms .......................................................................................................................... 36 Index .............................................................................................................................................. 37 P a g e | 2 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Test Adapter User Manual Introduction This user’s guide documents the SAS Plug and Receptacle Test Adapters (SAS‐TPA‐P and SAS‐TPA‐R) and the associated Calibration Module. The two test adapter types, shown in Figures 1 and 2, test SAS interface cables, hosts and devices against the SAS Specification 3.0. The Calibration Module, shown on Page 14, is used to zero‐out test adapter attributes (using SOLT, with either the 1X‐THRU or the 2X‐THRU). The TPA‐P and TPA‐R test adapter assemblies allow easy access, via SMA connections, to measure or inject Data signals. The Receptacle test adapter also provides access to +5V, +12V, and their respective GNDs, via a 4‐position Molex power connector. Additionally, the user can access +3.3V, its respective GND, and the Ready LED signal via an alternate, 3‐position connector. A mating 3‐position connector housing and contacts are provided to connect these last three signals to a wiring assembly provided by the user. NOTE: To avoid damaging the cables, use the handling techniques described in the Care and Handling section before making any connections or configuring a test setup. Always use a static‐safe workstation when performing tests, as explained in the “Electrostatic Discharge Information” section. 8 SMAs for High‐Speed Testing Housing
SAS Plug (29‐Position) Figure 1. The SAS Test Adapter (Plug)
P a g e | 3 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Test Adapter User Manual 8 SMAs for High‐Speed Testing Housing 3‐Position +3.3V and Ready LED Alternate Connector SAS Receptacle (29‐Position) 4‐Position
+5V and +12V Power Connector
Figure 2. The SAS Test Adapter (Receptacle)
The 4‐position power connector is Molex part number 53109‐0410. The 3‐position keyed/latching alternate connector part number is 43650‐0304. The mating receptacle connector housing and contact pins for 26‐30awg wire are provided with each SAS‐TPA‐R assembly (Molex part numbers 43645‐0300 for the 3‐position housing and 43031‐0011 for the 26‐30awg pin contact). Replacement receptacle parts can be purchased through Molex distributors. P a g e | 4 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Test Adapter User Manual Product Inspection Upon receiving the SAS‐TPA from Wilder Technologies, perform the following product inspection: 
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Inspect the outer shipping container, foam‐lined instrument case, and product for damage. Retain the outer cardboard shipping container until the contents of the shipment have been inspected for completeness and the product has been checked mechanically and electrically. Use the foam‐lined instrument‐case for secure storage of the Wilder Technologies SAS Test Adapter when not in use. Locate the shipping list and verify that all items ordered were received. In the unlikely event that the product is defective or incomplete, the “Limited Warranty” section discusses how to contact Wilder Technologies for technical assistance and/or how to package the product for return. P a g e | 5 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Test Adapter User Manual The SAS Test Adapter Care and Handling Precautions The SAS Test Adapter requires careful handling to avoid damage. Improper handling techniques, or using too small a cable bend radius, can damage the coaxial cable connections within the adapter housing or the cables themselves. This can occur at any point along the cable. To achieve optimum performance and to prolong the SAS‐TPA’s life, observe the following handling precautions: 
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CAUTION 1: Avoid Torque Forces (Twisting) While individual coaxial cables within the test adapter have some rotational freedom, twisting the SAS‐TPA as a unit, with one end held stationary, may damage or severely degrade performance. Adherence to Caution 5 (below) helps to avoid twisting. CAUTION 2: Avoid Sharp Cable Bends Never bend coaxial cables into a radius of 26 mm (1‐inch) or less. Never bend cables greater than 90°. Single or multiple cable bends must be kept within this limit. Bending the SAS‐TPA cables less than a 26mm (1‐Inch) radius will permanently damage or severely degrade test adapter performance. CAUTION 3: Avoid Cable Tension (Pull Forces) Never apply tension (pull forces) to an individual coaxial cable that is greater than 2.3 kg (5 lbs.). To avoid applying tension, always place accessories and equipment on a surface that allows adjustment to eliminate tension on the SAS‐TPA and cables. Use Disk Drive mounting brackets or rails, adjustable elevation stands or apparatus to accurately place and support the SAS‐TPA. CAUTION 4: Connect the SAS‐TPA First To prevent twisting, bending, or applying tension to the coaxial cables when connecting a SAS‐TPA, always attach the SAS‐TPA to the device under test (DUT) or cable under test before attaching any SMA connectors. Carefully align the SAS connectors and then gently push the connectors together until fully seated. If the SAS‐TPA must be turned or twisted to make connection to the DUT, avoid using the SAS‐TPA housing alone to make this occur. Try to distribute the torque forces along the length of the test setup and cabling. If this is not possible, it is recommended to first loosen or disconnect the SMA connections at the SAS‐TPA, make the connection to the DUT and then re‐tighten or attach the test equipment leads. NOTE: Only grip the test adapter housing when inserting or extracting the SAS‐TPA to or from the DUT. Pulling directly on the SAS‐TPA cables or using them to insert the SAS‐TPA may cause damage. 
CAUTION 5: Carefully Make SMA Connections To connect the SAS‐TPA SMA connectors, follow these steps: 1.
Hold the cable stationary by grasping the cable at the black heat‐shrink section near the SMA connector. 2.
Insert the mating SMA barrel and hand‐tighten the free‐spinning SMA nut onto the connector while avoiding pulling, bending, or twisting the SAS‐TPA coaxial cable. P a g e | 6 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Test Adapter User Manual 3.
The SAS‐TPA SMA connectors have flats that accept an open‐end 1/4‐inch or 6.5mm wrench. When attaching instrument cables to the SAS‐TPA, it is recom‐
mended that the SAS‐TPA SMA connectors be mechanically held and the test leads be tightened to the equipment manufacturer’s torque recommendations, normally 5 in‐lbs, using a 5/16‐inch open‐end wrench. If the test set‐up requires repositioning, first loosen or disconnect the SMA connections to avoid twisting, bending, or tension. NOTE: A drop in signal amplitude by half or 6db during the testing of a channel may indicate that a cable has been mechanically pulled free of coaxial cable connections internal to the assembly. This could be determined by checking if the cable has any lateral play relative to the TPA. This would only occur when the TPA has exceeded the pull force as specified within the mechanical specification. If the cable cannot be re‐seated, the test adapter will need to be sent back to the factory for service. 
CAUTION 6: Independently Support Instrument Cables or Accessories Excessive weight from instrument cables and/or accessories connected to the SAS‐TPA can cause damage or affect the test adapter performance. Be sure to provide appropriate means to support and stabilize all test set‐up components. P a g e | 7 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Test Adapter User Manual General Test Adapter, Cable, and Connector Observing simple precautions can ensure accurate and reliable measurements. Handling and Storage Before each use of the SAS‐TPA, ensure that all connectors are clean. Handle all cables carefully and store the SAS‐TPA in the foam‐lined instrument case when not in use, if possible. Do not set connectors contact end down. Install the SMA protective end caps when the SAS‐TPA is not in use. Visual Inspection Be sure to inspect all cables carefully before making a connection. Inspect all cables for metal particles, scratches, deformed threads, dents, or bent, broken, or misaligned center conductors. Do not use damaged cables. Cleaning If necessary, clean the connectors using low‐pressure (less than 60 PSI) compressed air or nitrogen with an effective oil‐vapor filter and condensation trap. Clean the cable threads, if necessary, using a lint‐free swab or cleaning cloth moistened with isopropyl alcohol. Always completely dry a connector before use. Do not use abrasives to clean the connectors. Re‐
inspect connectors, making sure no particles or residue remains. Making Connections Before making any connections, review the “Care and Handling Precautions” section. Follow these guidelines when making connections: 
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Align cables carefully Make preliminary connection lightly To tighten, turn connector nut only Do not apply bending force to cable Do not over‐tighten preliminary connections Do not twist or screw‐in cables Use a torque wrench, and do not tighten past the “break” point of the torque wrench P a g e | 8 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Test Adapter User Manual Electrostatic Discharge Information Protection against electrostatic discharge (ESD) is essential while connecting, inspecting, or cleaning the SAS‐TPA test adapter and connectors attached to a static‐sensitive circuit (such as those found in test sets) Electrostatic discharge can damage or destroy electronic components. Be sure to perform all work on electronic assemblies at a static‐safe work station, using two types of ESD protection: 
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Conductive table‐mat and wrist‐strap combination Conductive floor‐mat and heel‐strap combination When used together, both of these types provide a significant level of ESD protection. Used alone, the table‐mat and wrist‐strap combination provide adequate ESD protection. To ensure user safety, the static‐safe accessories must provide at least 1 MΩ of isolation from ground. Acceptable ESD accessories may be purchased from a local supplier. WARNING: These techniques for a static‐safe work station should not be used when working on circuitry with a voltage potential greater than 500 volts. P a g e | 9 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Test Adapter User Manual User Model The SAS TPA supports all testing of the SAS Specification 3.0. It is capable of performing well beyond the scope of measurements required, limited only by the specifications, environmental, care and handling as stated in this document. The following examples are suggestions for possible testing setups. In this first example, a SAS receptacle TPA is used to test a SAS device: Physical Links Under Test
SAS
Receptacle TPA
Reference Transmitter
Reference Receiver
P a g e | 10 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Device Under Test
SAS Test Adapter User Manual In the second example, the SAS receptacle TPA and a SAS internal cable assembly is used to test a SAS host: Reference Transmitter
SAS Internal Cable
SAS
Plug TPA
SAS Host Under Test
Physical Links Under Test
Reference Receiver
P a g e | 11 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Test Adapter User Manual The third example shows a SAS Plug TPA used to test a host: Physical Links Under Test
Reference Transmitter
SAS
Plug TPA
Reference Receiver
P a g e | 12 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Host Under Test
SAS Test Adapter User Manual The fourth example shows one SAS Plug TPA and one SAS Receptacle TPA used for testing a SAS extension cable: Physical Links Under Test
Mated Connectors
SAS Plug TPA
SAS Extension
Cable
Reference Transceiver
SAS Receptacle TPA
Physical Links Under Test
P a g e | 13 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D Mated Connectors
SAS Test Adapter User Manual Calibration The SAS Plug and Receptacle Test Adapters are passive components. Therefore, calibration for the errors generated must occur within the test instrumentation that drives the SAS target device or looks at the response of the SAS initiator device. Figure 3. Calibration module (SAS-TPA-C) showing standard 6-inch cable on SOLT and 3-inch cables
connected to the 1X-THRU P a g e | 14 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Test Adapter User Manual SOLT SHORT, OPEN, LOAD, and 2X‐THRU (SOLT) are calibration standards used to compensate for errors associated with the TPA when used for Jitter measurement, TDR, TDT, and VNA testing. SOLT represents the same electrical length and losses as the TPA through the SAS connector pad, and enables the test engineer to compensate for the following six repeatable, systematic errors that occur when moving the reference plane: 
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Signal leakage effects: Directivity errors Signal leakage effects: Crosstalk errors Reflection effects: Source Impedance Mismatching errors Reflection effects: Load Impedance Mismatching errors Bandwidth effects: Receiver Transmission in Test Equipment errors Bandwidth effects: Receiver Reflection‐tracking in Test Equipment errors These errors need to be corrected on each port. Refer to the Instrument Manual for instructions on the instrument’s specific calibration process. NOTE: The reference plane is the boundary, both physically and electrically, between the calibrated and uncalibrated portions of the circuit. Everything outside the reference plane is considered part of the DUT. Any instrument that does not use calibration defines the DUT as the total of externally connected components. If the SAS‐TPA‐C is not used, all of the SAS‐TPA and the 6‐inch cables, as well as cables connecting the 6‐inch cables to the test instrument, would be a part of the DUT. Non‐repeatable errors, such as drift or random errors, can be reduced but not corrected. Drift errors aggregate over time or with environmental changes such as temperature shift. To eliminate drift errors, perform another calibration. A random error cannot be corrected through calibration since the error occurred randomly. Random errors are typically associated with either test instrument noise or test repeatability problems. Reduce test instrument noise by increasing source power, lowering the IF bandwidth, or averaging results over multiple sweeps. Reduce test repeatability problems through the use of a torque wrench or, again, by averaging over multiple sweeps. P a g e | 15 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Test Adapter User Manual 1X­THRU The 1X‐THRU is a calibration feature used to calibrate time domain instrumentation (for example, pre‐emphasized pulse generators or AWGs, arbitrary waveform generators). 1X‐THRU calibration compensates two error sources – cable losses and group delay: 
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Cable Losses – Cable losses associated with the SAS plug TPA, and its respective cabling that’s connected to the test source, consist of skin loss and, to a lesser extent, dielectric loss. Pre‐emphasis or de‐emphasis is used at the signal source to correct for these cable losses. Pre‐emphasis is a boost of the signal level just after an edge transition; de‐emphasis is a reduction in the low‐speed amplitude of the signal source. Typically, on a de‐emphasized signal the levels have to be reset to attain the same output levels. Resultant signals from either pre‐emphasis or de‐emphasis are identical relative to the DUT. For the purposes of this discussion, pre‐emphasis will be used. To set the pre‐emphasis, first determine the amount of signal boost by connecting the signal source, via the 1X‐THRU and the respective cable used to connect the DUT to the source to a high‐speed oscilloscope or a jitter measurement device. Trigger the oscilloscope or jitter measurement device using a trigger from the source. The trigger, a single event, indicates the start of the signal being sent to the DUT. Adjust pre‐emphasis to maximize the eye opening. Group Delay – Group delay is the second error source for 1X‐THRU calibration. When the DUT generates an output signal, it can be used to measure delay. To create a baseline delay measurement, connect the output signal cable to the input signal cable and the 1X‐THRU. To determine corrected DUT delay, subtract this baseline measurement from the DUT delay measurements. P a g e | 16 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Test Adapter User Manual Mechanical and Environmental Specifications NOTE: All specifications in this manual are subject to change. Table 1. General Specifications
ITEM DESCRIPTION Usage Environment Controlled indoor environment Plug Test Adapter Length (w/standard cables) 175 mm +/‐ 2 mm (6.88 inches +/‐ .08 inches) (Characteristic) Receptacle Test Adapter Length (w/std. cables) 180 mm +/‐ 2 mm (7.10 inches +/‐ .08 inches) (Characteristic) Operating Temperature 0°C to +55°C (32°F to +131°F) (Characteristic) Storage Temperature ‐40°C to +70°C (‐40°F to +158°F) (Characteristic) SAS‐TPA‐R Cable Pinout The SAS‐TPA‐R cables provide eight SMA connectors (two lanes, one primary differential TX and RX and one secondary differential TX and RX) one 4‐position power connector, and one 3‐
position alternate connector. Labels clearly mark each cable or connector. The following figure refers to pin‐description tables for each of the three connector types. Note: The power supplies each have 22 µF in parallel with a 0.01 µF capacitor. The precharge signals each have a series 2 ohm resistor to their respective power supplies. SMA Connectors (See Table 4) Color ID for Differential Pair (See Table 4) Color ID for
Data Line Polarity (See Table 4) Three‐Position Alternate Connector “J4” (See Table 3) Receptacle Connector (See Table 4) Four‐Position Power Connector “J3” (See Table 2) Figure 4. Cable Connectors (SAS-TPA-R shown)
P a g e | 17 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Test Adapter User Manual Table 2. SAS-TPA-R 4-Position Power Connector “J3”
LABEL PIN NO. DESCRIPTION +12V Pin 1 +12 Volts GND Pin 2 Power Ground GND Pin 3 Power Ground +5V Pin 4 +5 Volts Table 3. SAS-TPA-R 3-Position Alternate Connector “J4”
LABEL PIN NO. DESCRIPTION RDY Pin 1 Ready LED GND Pin 2 Power Ground +3.3V Pin 3 +3.3 Volts P a g e | 18 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Test Adapter User Manual Table 4. SAS Receptacle Pin Assignments
Connector Pin Number Destination Number Color ID for Data Line Polarity Color ID for Differential Pair (Receptacle) Signal Ground S1 Signal Ground N/A N/A Drive Primary Receiver Positive S2 DRIVE RP+ Red Yellow Label Drive Primary Receiver Negative S3 DRIVE RP‐ Black Yellow Label Signal Ground S4 Signal Ground N/A N/A Drive Primary Transmitter Negative S5 DRIVE TP‐ Black Red Label Drive Primary Transmitter Positive S6 DRIVE TP+ Red Red Label Signal Ground S7 Signal Ground N/A N/A Signal Ground S8 Signal Ground N/A N/A Drive Secondary Receiver Positive S9 DRIVE RS+ Red Green Label Drive Secondary Receiver Negative S10 DRIVE RS‐ Black Green Label Signal Ground S11 Signal Ground N/A N/A Drive Secondary Transmitter Negative S12 DRIVE TS‐ Black White Label Drive Secondary Transmitter Positive S13 DRIVE TS+ Red White Label Signal Ground S14 Signal Ground N/A N/A P1, P2 +3.3V N/A N/A P3 (Resistor to +3.3V) N/A N/A P4, P5, P6 GND N/A N/A P7 (Resistor to +5V)) N/A N/A P8, P9 +5V N/A N/A Power Ground P10 GND N/A N/A Ready LED P11 RDY N/A N/A Power Ground P12 GND N/A N/A +12 Volts precharge P13 (Resistor to +12V) N/A N/A P14, P15 +12V N/A N/A Pin Description +3.3 Volts +3.3 Volts precharge Power Ground +5 Volts precharge +5 Volts +12 Volts P a g e | 19 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Test Adapter User Manual SAS‐TPA‐P Cable Pinout The SAS‐TPA‐P cables provide eight SMA connectors (two lanes, one primary differential TX and RX and one secondary differential TX and RX). Labels clearly mark each cable or connector. The following figure refers to the pin‐description table for the plug connector. SMA Connectors (See Table 5) Color ID for Differential Pair (See Table 5) Color ID for
Data Line Polarity (See Table 5) Plug Connector (See Table 5) Figure 5. Cable Connectors (SAS-TPA-P shown)
P a g e | 20 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Test Adapter User Manual Table 5. SAS Plug Pin Assignments
Connector Pin Number Destination Number Color ID for Data Line Polarity Color ID for Differential Pair (Plug) Signal Ground S1 Signal Ground N/A N/A Host Primary Transmitter Positive S2 HOST TP+ Red Yellow Label Host Primary Transmitter Negative S3 HOST TP‐ Black Yellow Label Signal Ground S4 Signal Ground N/A N/A Host Primary Receiver Negative S5 HOST RP‐ Black Red Label Host Primary Receiver Positive S6 HOST RP+ Red Red Label Signal Ground S7 Signal Ground N/A N/A Signal Ground S8 Signal Ground N/A N/A Host Secondary Transmitter Positive S9 HOST TS+ Red Green Label Host Secondary Transmitter Negative S10 HOST TS‐ Black Green Label Signal Ground S11 Signal Ground N/A N/A Host Secondary Receiver Negative S12 HOST RS‐ Black White Label Host Secondary Receiver Positive S13 HOST RS+ Red White Label Signal Ground S14 Signal Ground N/A N/A P1, P2 N/C N/A N/A P3 N/C N/A N/A P4, P5, P6 N/C N/A N/A P7 N/C N/A N/A P8, P9 N/C N/A N/A Power Ground P10 N/C N/A N/A Ready LED P11 N/C N/A N/A Power Ground P12 N/C N/A N/A +12 Volts precharge P13 N/C N/A N/A P14, P15 N/C N/A N/A Pin Description +3.3 Volts +3.3 Volts precharge Power Ground +5 Volts precharge +5 Volts +12 Volts P a g e | 21 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Test Adapter User Manual Electrical Specifications NOTE: All specifications in this manual are subject to change. Table 6. Electrical Specifications
SPECIFICATION MINIMUM TYPICAL MAXIMUM Insertion Loss (GHz), at ‐3 db 14 18.5 2X‐THRU with six‐inch cables Return Loss (GHz), at ‐20 db 10 13 2X‐THRU with six‐inch cables Insertion Loss (GHz), at ‐3 db 26.5 1X‐THRU with three‐inch cables Return Loss (GHz), at ‐20 db 8.5 1X‐THRU with three‐inch cables 1.21:1 2X‐THRU with six‐inch cables Differential Impedance (ohms), 70 ps Rise Time 20 – 80 percent 95 105 All Differential Pairs, Receptacle and Plug, excluding SAS connector. Differential Impedance (ohms), 70 ps Rise Time,20 – 80 percent 90 110 All Differential Pairs, Receptacle and Plug, including SAS connector. Impedance (ohms), 70ps Rise Time, 20 – 80 percent 47.5 52.5 All Differential Pairs, Receptacle and Plug, excluding SAS connector. Impedance (ohms), 70ps Rise Time, 20 – 80 percent 45 55 All Differential Pairs, Receptacle and Plug, including SAS connector. 47.5 52.5 Intra‐pair Skew (ps) ‐6 6 All Differential Pairs, Receptacle and Plug Inter‐pair Skew (ps) ‐6 6 All Differential Pairs, Receptacle and Plug NEXT (db), at 6 GHz ‐40 All differential pairs, single aggressor, without SAS connector, with six‐inch cables and terminations Current Carrying (A) 1.5 +3.3V, +5V, and +12V Power VSWR, at 10 GHz Impedance (ohms), 70 ps Rise Time, 20 – 80 percent NOTES SHORT, OPEN, LOAD, 1X‐THRU, and 2X‐THRU P a g e | 22 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Test Adapter User Manual Figure 6. Typical 2X-THRU insertion loss
Figure 7. Typical 2X-THRU return loss
P a g e | 23 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Test Adapter User Manual Figure 8. Typical mated pair 6 Gb/s eye diagram, with calibration (top) and without calibration (bottom)
P a g e | 24 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Test Adapter User Manual Figure 9. Typical mated pair 6 Gb/s eye data, with calibration (top) and without calibration (bottom)
P a g e | 25 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Test Adapter User Manual Figure 10. Typical mated pair 12 Gb/s eye diagram, with calibration (top) and without calibration (bottom)
P a g e | 26 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Test Adapter User Manual Figure 11. Typical mated pair 12 Gb/s eye data, with calibration (top) and without calibration (bottom)
P a g e | 27 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Test Adapter User Manual Figure 12. Typical mated pair balanced insertion loss, with calibration (top) and without calibration (bottom)
P a g e | 28 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Test Adapter User Manual Figure 13. Typical mated pair balanced return loss, with calibration (top) and without calibration (bottom)
P a g e | 29 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Test Adapter User Manual Figure 14. Typical TPA balanced return loss, differential termination replacing SAS connector
P a g e | 30 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Test Adapter User Manual Figure 15. Typical differential TDP of TPA-P connected to TPA-R at 100 ps Rise Time, All differential pairs.
P a g e | 31 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Test Adapter User Manual Figure 16. Typical Differential NEXT, without connector (top) and with mated connectors (bottom),
adjacent differential pairs, all differential pairs terminated at both ends
P a g e | 32 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Test Adapter User Manual Wilder Technologies, LLC – Limited Warranty Wilder Technologies, LLC warrants that each Test Adapter, 1) is free from defects in materials and workmanship and, 2) conforms to Wilder Technologies specifications for a period of 12 months. See Consumable and Fragile Material Warranty for exceptions to the 12 month warranty The warranty period for a Test Adapter is a specified, fixed period commencing on the date of ship from Wilder Technologies, LLC. If you did not purchase your Test Adapter directly from Wilder Technologies, LLC, the serial number and a valid proof of purchase will be required to establish your purchase date. If you do not have a valid proof of purchase, the warranty period will be measured from the date of ship from Wilder Technologies, LLC. If, during the warranty period, the Test Adapter is not in good working order, Wilder Technologies, LLC will, at its option, repair or replace it at no additional charge, except as is set forth below. In some cases, the replacement Test Adapter may not be new and may have been previously installed. Regardless of the Test Adapter’s production status, Wilder Technologies, LLC appropriate warranty terms apply. Consumable and Fragile Material Warranty Wilder Technologies, LLC warrants that consumable materials and all fragile materials supplied by Wilder Technologies, LLC either as part of an instrument or system, or supplied separately, will be free from defects in material and workmanship at the time of shipment. Extent of Warranty The warranty does not cover the repair or exchange of a Test Adapter resulting from misuse, accident, modification, unsuitable physical or operating environment, improper maintenance by you, or failure caused by a product for which Wilder Technologies, LLC is not responsible. The warranty is voided by removal or alteration of Test Adapter or parts identification labels. The initial three months are unconditional; the remaining months excludes plugs, receptacles and SMA connectors. Connectors are wear items and excluded from the warranty after the initial three months. These warranties are your exclusive warranties and replace all other warranties or conditions, express or implied, including but not limited to, the implied warranties or conditions or merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. These warranties give you specific legal rights and you may also have other rights which vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. Some jurisdictions do not allow the exclusion or limitation of express or implied warranties, so the above exclusion or limitation may not apply to you. In that event, such warranties are limited in duration to the warranty period. No warranties apply after that period. Items Not Covered by Warranty
Wilder Technologies, LLC does not warrant uninterrupted or error–free operation of a Test Adapter. Any technical or other support provided for a Test Adapter under warranty, such as assistance via telephone with "how–to" questions and those regarding Test Adapter set‐up and installation, will be provided WITHOUT WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND. Warranty Service Warranty service may be obtained from Wilder Technologies, LLC by returning a Wilder Technologies, LLC Returns Material Authorization and the Test Adapter to Wilder Technologies, LLC during the warranty period. To obtain RMA number, contact support@wilder‐tech.com. You may be required to present proof of purchase or other similar proof of warranty entitlement. You are responsible for any associated transportation charges, duties and insurance between you and Wilder Technologies, LLC. In all instances, you must ship Test Adapters in Wilder Technologies, LLC approved packaging. Information on packaging guidelines can be found at: www.wilder‐tech.com. Wilder Technologies, LLC will ship repaired or replacement Test Adapter Delivery Duty Prepaid (DDP) and will pay for return shipment. You will receive title to the repaired or replacement Test Adapter and you will be the importer of record. P a g e | 33 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Test Adapter User Manual Wilder Technologies, LLC – Terms & Conditions of Sale 1.
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Other Documents: This Agreement may NOT be altered, supplemented, or amended by the use of any other document(s) unless otherwise agreed to in a written agreement signed by both you and Wilder Technologies, LLC. If you do not receive an invoice or acknowledgement in the mail, via e‐mail, or with your Product, information about your purchase may be obtained at support@wilder‐tech.com or by contacting your sales representative. Payment Terms, Orders, Quotes, Interest: Terms of payment are within Wilder Technologies, LLC's sole discretion, and unless otherwise agreed to by Wilder Technologies, LLC, payment must be received by Wilder Technologies, LLC prior to Wilder Technologies, LLC's acceptance of an order. Payment for the products will be made by credit card, wire transfer, or some other prearranged payment method unless credit terms have been agreed to by Wilder Technologies, LLC. Invoices are due and payable within the time period noted on your invoice, measured from the date of the invoice. Wilder Technologies, LLC may invoice parts of an order separately. Your order is subject to cancellation by Wilder Technologies, LLC, in Wilder Technologies, LLC's sole discretion. Unless you and Wilder Technologies, LLC have agreed to a different discount, Wilder Technologies, LLC's standard pricing policy for Wilder Technologies, LLC‐branded systems, which includes hardware, software and services in one discounted price, allocates the discount off list price applicable to the service portion of the system to be equal to the overall calculated percentage discount off list price on the entire system. Wilder Technologies, LLC is not responsible for pricing, typographical, or other errors in any offer by Wilder Technologies, LLC and reserves the right to cancel any orders resulting from such errors. Shipping Charges; Taxes; Title; Risk of Loss: Shipping, handling, duties and tariffs are additional unless otherwise expressly indicated at the time of sale. Title to products passes from Wilder Technologies, LLC to Customer on shipment from Wilder Technologies, LLC's facility. Loss or damage that occurs during shipping by a carrier selected by Wilder Technologies, LLC is Wilder Technologies, LLC's responsibility. Loss or damage that occurs during shipping by a carrier selected by you is your responsibility. You must notify Wilder Technologies, LLC within 7 days of the date of your invoice or acknowledgement if you believe any part of your purchase is missing, wrong or damaged. Unless you provide Wilder Technologies, LLC with a valid and correct tax exemption certificate applicable to your purchase of Product and the Product ship‐to location, you are responsible for sales and other taxes associated with the order. Shipping dates are estimates only. WARRANTY: WILDER TECHNOLOGIES, LLC, warrants that the item(s) manufactured under the Buyer's contract shall be free from defects in materials and workmanship furnished by WILDER TECHNOLOGIES, LLC, and shall conform to the applicable drawings and specifications. WILDER TECHNOLOGIES, LLC’S liability herein, for breach of warranty, contract or negligence in manufacturing, shall be limited to repair or replacement. Repair or replacement of defective items will be applicable only if the Buyer notifies WILDER TECHNOLOGIES, LLC, by written notice within 30‐days of delivery. All claims shall be addressed to: support@wilder‐tech.com or WILDER TECHNOLOGIES, LLC, 6101A East 18th Street, Vancouver, Washington 98661 U.S.A.; ATTENTION: Customer Service Manager. WILDER TECHNOLOGIES, LLC, reserves the right to inspect at the Buyer's plant all items claimed to be defective or nonconforming prior to authorizing their return. WILDER TECHNOLOGIES, LLC, assumes no liability for the results of the use of its components in conjunction with other electric, electronic or mechanical components, circuits and/or systems. The foregoing constitutes the sole and exclusive remedy of the Buyer and the exclusive liability of WILDER TECHNOLOGIES, LLC, and is IN LIEU OF ANY AND ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, STATUTORY, IMPLIED OR EXPRESSED AS TO MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR THE PURPOSE SOLD, DESCRIPTION, QUALITY, and PRODUCTIVENESS OR ANY OTHER MATTER. Without limiting the foregoing, in no event shall WILDER TECHNOLOGIES, LLC, be liable for loss of use, profit or other collateral, or for special and/or consequential damages. RETURNED GOODS: WILDER TECHNOLOGIES, LLC, will accept only those goods for return that have been authorized for return. All goods authorized for return shall be assigned a Returned Material Authorization (RMA) Number. The RMA Number shall be clearly marked on the shipping container(s) and all documentation accompanying the goods authorized for return. The RMA Number shall be assigned by WILDER TECHNOLOGIES, LLC pursuant to the conditions set forth in Paragraph 4, WARRANTY. UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT CONTRACTS: In the event this offer is accepted under Government contract, WILDER TECHNOLOGIES, LLC, agrees to accept clauses required by Government regulations and to waive WILDER TECHNOLOGIES, LLC conditions inconsistent therewith. WILDER TECHNOLOGIES, LLC, certifies that it is a regular manufacturer or dealer of the goods and/or services offered herein and that the prices offered do not exceed those charged to any customer for like quantities, services or materials under the same conditions. P a g e | 34 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Test Adapter User Manual Compliance with Environmental Legislation Wilder Technologies, LLC, is dedicated to complying with the requirements of all applicable environmental legislation and regulations, including appropriate recycling and/or disposal of our products. WEEE Compliance Statement The European Union adopted Directive 2002/96/EC on Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE), with requirements that went into effect August 13, 2005. WEEE is intended to reduce the disposal of waste from electrical and electronic equipment by establishing guidelines for prevention, reuse, recycling and recovery. Wilder Technologies has practices and processes in place to conform to the requirements in this important Directive. In support of our environmental goals, effective January 1st, 2009 Wilder Technologies, LLC has partnered with E‐Tech Recycling of Beaverton, Oregon, www.etechrecycling.com, to recycle our obsolete and electronic waste in accordance with the European Union Directive 2002/96/EC on waste electrical and electronic equipment ("WEEE Directive"). As a service to our customers, Wilder Technologies is also available for managing the proper recycling and/or disposal of all Wilder Technologies products that have reached the end of their useful life. For further information and return instructions, contact support@wilder‐tech.com. P a g e | 35 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Test Adapter User Manual Glossary of Terms TERMINOLOGY DEFINITION Aggressor A signal imposed on a system (i.e., cable assembly) to measure response on
other signal carriers. Decibel (dB) Ten times the common logarithm (i.e. log10) of the ratio of relative powers.
Informative The designation of a test that is not required for compliance but is considered
important from a characterization standpoint. It is provided for informational purposes only. Insertion loss The ratio, expressed in dB, of incident power to delivered power. Internal cable A cable that is used to connect a SAS Initiator Device to a SAS Target Device within a mainframe. Near‐end crosstalk Crosstalk that is propagated in a disturbed channel in the opposite direction as the propagation of a signal in the aggressor channel. The terminals of the aggressor channel and the victim channel are usually close to each other. Normative The designation of a test that is required for compliance. Physical link Two differential signal pairs, one pair in each direction, that connect two physical phys (see the current SAS specification.) Return Loss The ratio, expressed in dB, of incident power to reflected power. SAS Initiator Device A device containing SSP, STP, and /or SMP initiating ports in a SAS domain.
SAS Target Device A device containing SSP, STP, and /or SMP target ports in a SAS domain.
SAS‐TPA SAS Test Point Access. A specialized assembly that interfaces to a SAS receptacle or plug and enables access of signals for measurement or stimulation. Serial ATA (SATA) The protocol defined by SATA (see ATA8‐AAM)
Serial Attached SCSI (SAS) The set of protocols defined in SPL and the interconnect defined by the SAS‐
3.0 standard. Victim A signal carrier on a system that has a response imposed on it by other signals in the system. P a g e | 36 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D SAS Test Adapter User Manual Index +12V, 3 +3.3V, 3 +5V, 3 1X‐THRU, 16 3‐Position Alternate Connector, 3, 4, 17 4‐Position Power Connector, 3, 4, 17 Cable Bend Limits, 6 Cable Losses, 16 Cable Tension (Pull Forces), 6 Cable Twisting (Torque), 6 Calibration, 14 Care and Handling, 6 Cleaning, 8 Compliance WEEE, 35 Connections SAS‐TPA to DUT, 6 SMA, 6, 7 Crosstalk errors, 15 de‐emphasis, 16 Directivity errors, 15 Drift errors, 15 DUT, 15 Electrical Specifications, 22 Electrostatic Discharge Information (ESD), 9 environmental changes, 15 Errors Crosstalk, 15 Directivity, 15 drift, 15 Load Impedance Mismatching, 15 random, 15 Receiver Reflection‐tracking in Test Equipment, 15 Receiver Transmission in Test Equipment, 15 Source Impedance Mismatching, 15 ESD protection, 9 Figures Cable Connectors, 17, 20 Calibration module, 14 The SAS Test Adapter (Plug), 3 The SAS Test Adapter (Receptacle), 4 Glossary, 36 GND, 3 Group delay, 16 Handling and Storage, 8 Load Impedance Mismatching errors, 15 Making Connections, 8 Mechanical and Environmental Specifications, 17 Molex Part Numbers, 4 pre‐emphasis, 16 Product Inspection, 5 product return, 5 pull force, 6, 7 Random errors, 15 Ready LED, 3 Receiver Reflection‐tracking in Test Equip. errors, 15 Receiver Transmission in Test Equipment errors, 15 SAS Plug and Receptacle TPA Testing a SAS Cable, 13 SAS Plug TPA Testing a Host, 12 SAS Receptacle TPA Testing a SAS Device, 10 SAS Receptacle TPA Testing a SAS Host, 11 SAS Specification 3.0, 3, 10 SAS‐TPA‐P Cable Pinout, 20 SAS‐TPA‐R Cable Pinout, 17 secure storage, 5 SMA cables, 17, 20 SOLT, 15 Source Impedance Mismatching errors, 15 Support, 34 Supporting Instrument Cables or Accessories, 7 Tables Electrical Specifications, 22 General Specifications, 17 SAS Plug Pin Assignments, 21 SAS Receptacle Pin Assignments, 19 SAS‐TPA‐R 3‐Position Alternate Connector, 18 SAS‐TPA‐R 4‐Position Power Connector, 18 Terms and Conditions of Sale, 34 test instrument noise, 15 test repeatability problems, 15 User Model Examples, 10, 11, 12, 13 Visual Inspection, 8 Warranty, 33 Web Sites support@wilder‐tech.com, 33, 34 www.etechrecycling.com, 35 www.wilder‐tech.com, 33 WEEE, 35 P a g e | 37 ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D Visit our website at www.wilder‐tech.com Wilder Technologies, LLC 6101A East 18th Street Vancouver, WA 98661 Phone: 360‐859‐3041 Fax: 360‐859‐3105 www.wilder‐tech.com ©2009, 2010, 2013 Wilder Technologies, LLC Document No. 910‐0002‐001 Rev. D Created: 10/21/2009, Revised: 2/11/2013 
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