Azure Fundamentals: Azure Virtual Machines – Practical Exercises

Azure Fundamentals: Azure Virtual Machines – Practical Exercises
Azure Fundamentals:
Azure Virtual Machines – Practical Exercises
This course includes optional practical exercises where you can try out the techniques
demonstrated in the course for yourself. This guide lists the steps for the individual
practical exercises.
See the Practical Exercises > Overview page in your course for information about
getting started.
You will need an Azure Subscription to complete these exercises. If you already have an
Azure subscription you can use in a test or practice environment, you can use that,
otherwise there are details available on the Practical Exercises > Overview page to
help you set up a free trial account. There is also a step by step video available to walk
you through this process at the beginning of the course in the Welcome > Start Here
section, called "Setting up a Free Microsoft Azure 30-day Trial
Deploy a New Virtual Machine (Resource Manager)
In this exercise you will create a new virtual machine with a Resource Manager
deployment model.
1. Navigate to the new Azure Portal at and sign in.
2. On the Hub menu, click New.
3. On the New blade, search for Server 2012 R2.
4. In the search results, click Windows Server 2012 R2 Datacenter.
5. In the Everything blade, click Windows Server 2012 R2 Datacenter.
6. On the Windows Server 2016 R2 Datacenter blade, notice the default deployment
model is set to Resource Manager. Click Create.
7. On the Create Virtual Machine blade, fill in the following values for basic settings
(substituting your information for the user name, subscription, and location) and
click OK.
Name: SERVER-02
VM disk type: HDD
User name: <Your first name>
Password: Pa$$w0rd12345
Subscription: <Your subscription>
Resource group: Create a new one named ServersRG
Location: <Your location>
8. When the virtual machine is created, double click on the server-02 virtual
machine in the virtual machines blade.
9. In the server-02 settings blade, notice the detail in the Essentials section, such as
Resource group, location, status, IP address, operating system, size etc
10. At the top of the setting blade click Connect and when prompted download the
subsequent .rdp file. This file will allow you to use remote desktop to connect
into the virtual machine.
11. Once downloaded, locate the file and double click it.
12. When prompted use the credentials you defined earlier when creating the virtual
machine. i.e.
User name: <Your first name>
Password: Pa$$w0rd12345
13. You should be able to log in successfully and see the virtual machine desktop.
You can perform any action you wish as you would on a windows server
installation i.e.
open File Explorer
Open Server Manager by click on the Server Manager icon in the taskbar, click
Local Server in the Server Manager console and notice the properties details.
Double click the Windows PowerShell icon on the taskbar at the bottom, once
open type dir to return a list of directories
14. Leave the rdp console open to view the virtual machine status as you do the next
Sizing Virtual Machines for Azure IaaS (Resource Manager)
In this exercise you will explore the sizing options available for Azure virtual machines.
As part of your job managing Azure infrastructure, you need to be familiar with the
sizing options so that you can maximize the efficiency of your subscription. Your goal
should be to have enough resources to meet your company’s requirements but not
have more than you need because it impacts your ongoing costs.
1. Navigate to the new Azure Portal at and sign in.
2. On the Hub menu, click Virtual machines.
3. Click the SERVER-02 virtual machine.
4. On the SERVER-02 blade, under Settings, click Size. Explore the list of available
sizing options. As you move down the list review each of the resource options
and the estimated cost per months, such as CPU cores, memory, disk drives, and
IOPS. Compare the size offerings between the options.
5. Change your virtual machine size by clicking on the A1 Basic and click Select
6. Notice the notification message that appears stating that the virtual machine is
7. Return to your rdp connection form the previous exercise.
8. Notice that the virtual machine is re-starting, due to the re-sizing that is taking
9. Once the virtual machine restarts, log in again using the .rdp file from earlier and
verify you can access successfully
10. Return to the server-02 settings blade and in the Essentials section note the
virtual machine size has changed to the value you selected.
11. When you are finished exploring the list of virtual machine sizing options, close
the web page.
Pre-Built Linux Images (Resource Manager)
In this exercise you will deploy a new Ubuntu Server virtual machine running. Even if you
aren’t an experienced Linux administrator, you can easily deploy new Linux VMs in the
Azure portal.
1. Navigate to the new Azure Portal at and sign in.
2. On the Hub menu, click New.
3. On the New blade, search for Ubuntu Server.
4. From the search results, select the latest version of Ubuntu Server LTS. Version
numbers will evolve over time.
5. On the Ubuntu Server blade, notice the deployment model selected s resource
Manager by default, and click Create.
6. On the Create Virtual Machine blade, fill in the following values for the settings
and then click OK.
Name: UBUNTU-01
VM disk type: HDD (the pricing is the same for SSD or HDD for the system disk
but as part of your cloud resource management, you want to stay vigilant with
sizing and costs.)
User name: AdatumAdmin
Authentication type: Password
Password: Pa$$w0rd1245
Subscription: <Your subscription>
Resource Group: Use existing and select the resource group you crated
previously ServersRG
Location: <Your location>
7. On the Size blade, select F1S Standard.
8. On the Settings blade, review the default options for storage, network,
extensions, high availability, and monitoring. Click OK
9. On the Summary blade, review the configuration and click the download
template and parameter link
10. View the template tabs and script details in the template window.
11. In the template blade, click Add to Library and save the template by entering a
name and description and clicking save and close the Template blade.
12. Click OK on the Summary blade to deploy the Linux virtual machine.
13. Notice the notification that the deployment has started,
14. While its deploying, open the Template library to view your saved template by
clicking More Services > on the Hub menu and typing templates in the search
15. Notice Templates and that it is in preview. This indicates that it is still in preview
and not fully released. Click Templates
16. Notice the template you saved earlier is present. This is a repository through
which you can save, share, edit and manage your templates.
17. Double click on your template and in the template settings notice some options
currently available, notice you have the option to deploy the virtual machine via
the template you just created.
18. Close the Templates blades and open the virtual machine blade and the Ubuntu01 virtual machine settings
19. Browse through the settings available
20. Click on the Connect button
21. Notice the message saying “To connect to your Linux virtual machine using ssh,
use the following command ssh [email protected]<ipaddres>
22. If you have a Linux shell available run the above command and connect to the
Ubuntu server using the credentials you specified above and run some
commands within it to verify you can connect and run commands successfully.
23. Click the Click OK.
24. When you are finished stop all running virtual machines to prevent your credit
from being used up.
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