Trak Performance Manual

Trak Performance Manual
Trak Performance
User Manual
Welcome
TRAK PERFORMANCE© Overview
System Requirements
Installation
Registration
Getting Started
1. Load the Sport to be Analyzed
a. Load a New Sport
2. Set or Change the Measurement and Display Criteria
3. Create a New Tracking Area
a. Set Up a Zone
b. Set Up a Grid of Zones
c. Import a Background Image
d. Retrieve a Saved Venue Tracking Area
4. Create or Change Events ( Hot Keys )
5. Set or Change Speed Zones
6. Reset the Data Sampling Rate
Ready to Start Tracking
7. Create a New Tracking File
8. Track a Player
a.Non-substitution Tracking
b.Substitution Tracking
9. Open an Existing Tracking File
10. Save Tracking Data
11. Data Displayed on the Tracking Area
Viewing Data Captured
12. View Tracking Data
13. View Plotted Mean and Standard Deviation
14. View Speed Chart
a. How to Smooth Tracking Data
15. View Zone Data
16. View Movement Direction
17. View Distance Chart
18. Merge 2 or more Tracking Files
a. Synchronize Merged Files
Editing Tracking Data
19. Edit a Track
20. Edit Player Events
21. Edit a Player Name
22. Edit Playing Field Details
Reports
23. Select and Edit Report Options
a. Player Event
b. Speed Zones
c. Player Tracking Report
d. Animate Track Report
e. Select Time Range for Report Analysis
24. View Player Event Reports
25. View Game Analysis Reports
26. View Animated Track Report
27. View Heart Rate Data
Report Presentation
28. Create and Delete a Bookmark
29. Create a Presentation
30. Edit a Presentation
31. Play a Presentation
Additional Functionality
32. Import a Polar Heart Rate File
33. Synchronize Polar Heart Rate Data
34. Import a SportsCode Edit List
35. Synchronize a SportsCode Edit List
36. Export a Report
37. Export Data to a SportsCode Edit List
38. Export Tracking Data
39. Trak Performance Print Function
Appendix (i)
Appendix (ii)
Keyboard Quick Key Functions
Index of Menu Commands
Welcome to TRAK PERFORMANCE© – the ultimate tool from
Sportstec International Ltd for monitoring participant movements during a game or
training in real time! TRAK PERFORMANCE allows you to measure the player demands
during competition and training and facilitates the evaluation of your training strategies.
You will find that TRAK PERFORMANCE is a very simple tool to use both to
record/track play and also in the analysis and assessment of an athletes performance.
TRAK PERFORMANCE allows you to visually and mechanically follow the movement
patterns during training or competition. The system relies on the Tracking Operator
using ground markings and cues as reference points. The major (and consistent) ground
markings are included on the Tracking Area templates within the software. These
markings have been placed on a calibrated version of each playing field.
TRAK PERFORMANCE can be reliably used to track the movement patterns of
individual players for measures of distance covered, continuous mean speed and the
breakdown of time spent in various speed categories.
TRAK PERFORMANCE can also link the game timeline to participants heart rate.
The advantages of TRAK PERFORMANCE are:
• Measurements are instantaneous
• Players don’t need to wear anything
• Movement patterns can be identified and quantified
• Place where game involvement occurred can be coded
• Portability.
In this Manual references to Icons and Menu Headings are color coded to ease your
identification for Menu selection(s) as follows :
RED in bold type upper case refers to Main Menu Headings and Toolbar Icons.
Blue in bold type refers to Submenu Icons or Headings.
Green in bold type refers to Page Function buttons.
Italics in bold type and underlined refers to critical key strokes on the keyboard.
Purple in bold type refers to Operational Mode Display indicators.
This Manual will help you effectively run TRAK PERFORMANCE if you have any
difficulties or would like assistance please log on to : http://www.sportstecsupport.com
or contact your local distributor.
This Manual has been written with the assumption that the User is using an Apple
Computer with a standard mouse or trackpad and keyboard. References to “clicking”
and cursor placement are directly related to mouse or trackpad use.
Apple System Features which will speed up many of the TRAK PERFORMANCE
processes are inherent in the TRAK PERFORMANCE application. We recommend that
you familiarize yourself with all the Apple system features. We have explained some
of these features in an appendix to this Manual but for a full explanation you should
consult your Apple Manual.
System Requirements
TRAK PERFORMANCE has been developed on an Apple platform. Apple hardware
and operating systems are preferred.
Apple Macintosh
• Imac/Macbook/Macbook Pro with 1.5GHz or faster PowerPC G4 ,
Power PC G5, Intel Core Duo or Intel Xeon processor
• 1 GB of RAM
• 50MB of HDD storage
• 1024 x 768 screen resolution or higher
• Mac OS X v10.4.11 or higher
• (Optional) Tablet and pen
PC Version
• Pentium 3 or higher with 1 GHz or faster processor
• 512KB of RAM or better
• Microsoft Windows XP with Service Pack 2 (SP2) or later operating system
• 1024 x 768 screen resolution or higher
• (Optional) Tablet and pen
Installation
Load the TRAK PERFORMANCE CD-ROM into the CD Drive. Click on the following
icon which will appear
Next double-click on the “package” icon
Follow the next 5 screens to complete installation
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Registration
Once TRAK PERFORMANCE has been installed, the application must be registered
before it will operate. The registration process is as follows :
Click on
OK
Read the Terms and Conditions. If you accept these check the Accept box and click
Next
Complete the 3 boxes and click NEXT
When you have received your License Key, insert it into the box.
Press FINISH
Your TRAK PERFORMANCE application is now ready to use.
Getting Started
Once the TRAK PERFORMANCE software has been opened it is necessary to set up the
parameters within which the application will operate. This will be different for each
sport, may change from venue to venue, and may differ for each individual athlete.
These parameters identify and quantify Tracking Areas as well as key zones within the
Tracking Area. It also establishes and defines other measurement criteria from which
your performance assessment reports will be constructed.
1. Load the Sport to be Analyzed
When you first load the TRAK PERFORMANCE Software you are asked to select a
default sport from the system-set available sports. Selecting the default sport will load
the correct Field/Court as your Tracking Area when you open TRAK PERFORMANCE
in future sessions.
From the initial Main Menu, (no player file open,) select “FILE ”, then from the SubMenu select “Load ”. Select your sport from the available sports in the drop down
display. This will result in a Tracking Area being displayed for your default sport when
you create a “New Field”.
a. Load A New Sport
You can change the default sport at any time by selecting a replacement from the list in
the “L oad ” sub-menu. If your chosen sport is not available in the drop down list you
can create the sport as a New Field “Tracking Area”. For an explanation of “Tracking
Area” refer to section 3 below.
Go to “F ILE ” then select “L oad ” and from the sub-menu select “I m age
Template ”. Next click “F I LE ” then “N ew Field ”. The window illustrated
below will open.
The Tracking Area will default to an oblong shape, but it can be adjusted by clicking and
dragging on the resizing knobs.
You will be required to set the name of the Tracking Area, the Tracking Area length, the
number of periods of play and the playing area type. You may also import a preprepared image of the playing area by clicking on the “Ch oose Image ” button and
importing it from a file saved on your computer. The image must be in either pdf, jpeg
or gif format. Click “Next ” to move to the second window.
The second window will allow you to further refine your area into playing zones. Refer
to section 3 below for detailed instructions regarding this function. Click “Next ” to
move to the third window.
In the third window you may overlay an image on the Tracking Area. This feature is
very useful if you wish to use an actual image of a Tracking Area instead of the preset
facsimile images.
If you have created a “New Sport ” ie. one which is not listed in the preset menu, that
sport will not be listed in the “Load ” drop down menu. The “Image Template” is
regarded as a “Sport ” in the “Load ” menu. Therefore, the new “Sport ” you have
just created will be saved as a Tracking Area of “Image Template”.
Your new Tracking Area should be saved by clicking “S ave ” in the third window.
A Tracking Area may be edited in accordance with the description in section 22 below.
2. Set or Change the Measurement and Display Criteria
From the Main Menu, select “TRAK PERFORMANCE ” then select
“Preferences ”. A box will be displayed which provides options that will allow you to
set your TRAK PERFORMANCE display and measurement criteria. TRAK
PERFORMANCE has a number of default settings. It is recommended that you initially
run the application using the default settings. As you become more familiar with TRAK
PERFORMANCE you may wish to change the settings from those set as default.
The Report Colours settings allow you to customize the color of lines etc. used within
TRAK PERFORMANCE.
The Report Format settings allow you to customize the font system used .
The Tracking File Colour settings allow you to customize the color of lines etc. used
within the Tracking File.
Measurement Units allow you to choose between Imperial and Metric Units.
The Measurement Rate window allows you to vary the frequency at which player
movement is calculated. The default is set at once per second, but you may wish to set
this at a higher rate. A popular setting is between 3 – 5 samples per second.
If the Measurement rate is set too high the results will become difficult to understand as
very small movements will result in the incorrect speed zone being reported.
The Cutoff Frequency is the number of times per second that tracking data is recorded.
In the Tracking Data window display you are able to:
1. Select the “Smooth tracking data ” box, in doing so you should also consider
whether to amend the Cutoff Frequency to which the smoothing relates. For
information on the implications of the above refer to details in section 14 below.
2. Select the “Show track from left to right of screen ” box, the track will be
displayed from left to right for all periods of play. If you select the “Show
track as recorded ” box then the track will be displayed as recorded.
3. The “Display Zones ” box shows any zones that you have configured in your
Field/Court setup.
You now have the software installed and the operating preferences setup.
To open the software each time you wish to use TRAK PERFORMANCE just double
click on the TRAK PERFORMANCE icon on your desktop or in the Dock.
The preferences you have set during the configuration will remain until you change
them.
3. Create A New Tracking Area
All sports have their own unique playing field layout, (a Tracking Area,) with
international standard dimensions. Not withstanding this standard, each sport will allow
for field dimension variations within specified limits.
To generate valid data from your Tracking it is necessary that you measure
the dimensions of the Tracking Area carefully and insert those measurements into the
Playing Field window of TRAK PERFORMANCE . This way you may measure and save
the dimensions of each venue you commonly use for quick and easy retrieval.
To create a new Tracking Area e.g. your clubs home ground, select “FILE”, then
choose “New Field ”.
The new tracking area field window will open in the default sport you have specified.
The sport will be named in the grey panel which forms the top of the window. (Refer to
section 1 if you wish to change the default sport.)
This selection will present 3 windows. In the first window A Playing Field or Court
diagram for the selected sport will be displayed. Name the Tracking Area (Field Name).
Set the dimensions of your Tracking Area e.g. length and width if they vary from the
default standard.
Once you have entered the Tracking Area name and the area’s dimensions, press Next.
The second window enables you set zones within the Tracking Area. The purpose of
identifying zones within the Tracking Area is that you are able to focus on and analyze
play within or about any particular zone for the player you will be tracking. It is
possible to view the Zone Data being captured in real time. To access this feature refer
to section15 below.
a. Set Up a Zone
Click on the ‘New’ button. An oblong shaped zone will open in the centre of the
Tracking Area. You can now name the Zone e.g. “Defensive Half ”.
Click on your choice of shape icons, (in the upper left hand side of the screen,) if you
wish to change the shape. To select the location of the Zone simply click on the Zone
(not on a corner) and drag it to the desired location.
To change the size of the Zone you can either click and drag the sides of the zone or
specify the dimensions in the “Length and Width ” box fields at the top of the window.
If you use the box fields at the top of the window to specify the location of a zone, the
nominated values placed in the boxes are referenced to the centre point of the Tracking
Area and from left to right of the field/court image.
You position the right side of the zone “Forward” (to the right) of the field latitudinal
centre line by attributing positive (+) values and you position the left side of the zone
“ Back ” (to the left) of the field latitudinal centre line by attributing negative (-) values.
In the same way you position the lower side of the zone “Right ” (to the right) of the
field longitudinal centre line by attributing positive (+) values and you position the
upper side of the zone “Left ” (to the left) of the field longitudinal centre line by
attributing negative (-) values.
Once you have entered the required zone(s), press “ Next ”.
b. Set Up a Grid of Zones
Click on and hold down the ‘New’ button until the grid template appears. Select the
number of Zones you want to split the new Tracking Area into by dragging the mouse
across the grid. You can name each zone e.g. “Defence Left”
Note : TRAK PERFORMANCE will default to displaying the zone(s) overlaid on the
Tracking Area.
If you wish to have this hidden, (or to turn it back on) Immediately prior to or during
tracking go to the “TRAK PERFORMANCE ” icon in the Menu bar – select
“Preferences ”. At the bottom of the window click the “Display Zones ” box . Tick
for display on and blank for display off.
Once you have entered and named your grid of zones, press Next.
In this next window you are able to alter the size of your new Tracking Area on your
screen by dragging the “Slider ” located at the bottom of the window. (Some analysts
may wish to focus only on a restricted area and expand the Tracking Area size to
provide greater accuracy.)
As you move the “Slider ” the Tracking Area is adjusted and the percent scaling factor
is also displayed. To reposition the Tracking Area, click and hold the mouse on the
Tracking Area and drag it to any location within the window. This way you may focus
on a particular section of the playing field/court.
c. To Import a Background Image
As an aid to more accurate tracking it is possible to import an image of the venue
background behind the Tracking Area graphic. The usefulness of this feature is that the
tracking operator may have actual reference points such as ground signage to assist
him/her.
Eg. An operator may take a photograph from the far side field boundary at the venue.
This image can be manipulated so that once this image has been imported, you can
closely fit the far side field boundary to the Tracking Area graphic boundary.
Be aware that there will be slight parallax errors at the extremities and on the near side of
the Tracking Area graphic because of the different perspectives of the 2 images.
To import a background image into and behind your Tracking Area window, click on
‘Import Background Image’, you will be directed to find the image you want to
import. The image file must be in either pdf, gif or jpeg format. Once selected the
image will be displayed behind the Tracking Area.
Note: To scale down the Tracking Area Field Size drag the blue button in the window to
the left. This will reveal a background image, if any, has been imported.
Now click SAVE to retain the Tracking Area information you have specified.
d. Retrieve a Saved Venue Tracking Area
Each time you save a “New Field” it will be saved as a Tracking Area for that venue.
Section 7 below describes the process to create a “New Track”. Within this process
you will be asked to nominate the “Playing Field”.
All venues saved within a default sport will be available for retrieval from those listed
in the drop down menu contained within the window.
4. Create or Change Events (Hot Keys)
You may wish to nominate and set up the various game play ‘events’ with which to code
a player’s game performance eg. for Rugby Football - a pass, a tackle, a kick etc.
It is necessary to code the game because a player does not randomly move about the
field of play doing nothing. He/she will progress through the game by executing the
various game plays (events). TRAK PERFORMANCE is measuring the player movement
from event to event, as well as where each event took place.
The purpose of creating and using ‘Hot Keys’ is to record with a single keystroke each
time a nominated event occurs for the player being tracked and where it occurs within
the Tracking Area. Each event will be assigned its own unique ‘marker’ so that the event
is easily recognized during analysis.
Once events have been created for a nominated sport, (usually set up as part of the initial
‘getting started’ for a new sport,) it would be unusual to need to add further events or to
edit any events during Tracking while a player file is open.
To create an Event and it’s Hot Key go to “EDIT” and choose “Hot Keys ”, the
“Edit Hot Keys ” window will open. This window will also create the Event Name,
specify the Keystroke which will mark the event, the Event Marker, (which graphically
illustrates the event on the Track Plot,) and the marker color to further enhance event
recognition on the Track Plot.
To add further events to the Hot Key List, click on “ Add New ”. A new event will
appear. In the event name box - name your event, then select the Hot Key, marker style
and color you want to use while Tracking.
When you have completed the definitions, close the window – the information will be
saved.
To change any of the above, select the Event you wish to edit by highlighting it and
either select “D elete ” or retype directly over the current name. To change an Event
Key or marker symbol, simply click on the corresponding drop down list and select the
new key or marker symbol.
5. Set or Change Speed Zones
Speed Zones are used to set the boundaries of player speeds. These are used
when summary statistics are calculated to show the speed breakdowns eg. at the
end of a game you may want to know how much time a player spent in the speed
zone: 14.4 – 21.6km per hour (stride zone for an elite male athlete). Do not confuse
these with Field Zones.
Default settings have been set based on performance data compiled from high
performance athletes.
To set the Speed Zones go to “EDIT ” then select “Speed Zones ”. The “Edit Speed
Zones ” window will open.
The Track recorded has a yellow default color, (refer to section 2 above,) but you can
allocate a different color to each speed zone. To set or change the color of each Zone,
select a speed zone by clicking on the name on the slider, and click on “Set ”
alongside the color option. A color palette window will open.
Select the color you wish to use from your preferred palette by either double clicking on
the color or by single click and dragging the color and dropping it in the color bar at the
top of the window.
Close the window – the setting(s) will be saved.
The default speed zone settings may need to be varied due to different athlete levels of
fitness, age and/or sex characteristics. If you know the cut offs for a particular athlete,
eg. their movement speed when they change gait from walking to jogging, these precise
values can be added.
To change the settings, click on the slider and drag it to the desired setting. To add a new
speed zone click on “Ad d New ”, you may now name the zone and enter the zones
top speed. You may also need to drag the zone to the desired start position for the zone.
To delete a zone, simply click on the zone you wish to remove and click the “Del ete ”
button.
6. Reset the Data Sampling Rates
The Sampling Rates determine:
a. At what frequency, (how often within a specified period of time,) the application will
record the information being tracked. The default sampling rate, (Cutoff Frequency) is
set at 30 Hz (30 times per second, refer “Tracking Data” section 2 above.) Drag the
slider to the desired Cutoff Frequency to alter the data collection sampling rate
b. The number of times per second that distance is calculated for your reports. Refer to
“ Measurement Rate” in section 2 above. The default measurement rate is 1 per
second.To change the number of times per second that distance is calculated drag the
slider to the desired position. The maximum is 10.
When you have completed the information, close the window – the information will be
saved. This sampling rate will also determine the number of sample points which will be
displayed along a recorded Track if you need to edit the Track. ( refer to section 19 )
Ready to Start Tracking
TRAK PERFORMANCE will advise you of which “ Operational Mode” the software is
in. There are 4 operational modes which will be displayed in a colored panel at the far
right of the Toolbar:
Waiting Run Start
Tracking
Edit Mode
Report Mode
- BLUE
- GREEN
- YELLOW
- BLUE
At the start of each Tracking session it is necessary to create a new file for the player.
7. Create a New Tracking File
Each time you wish to start a new Track, TRAK PERFORMANCE will ask you for the
Player Name. The system remembers the last Tracking file open and will display the
name of that player as a default. The system does not recall a list of all players for whom
past Tracking has been recorded.
There are two ways to create a new file:
1. Go to “FILE ” in your menu bar and select “New Track ”, enter the player name,
and playing field, then click on “New”. A new Tracking Area will open and the
“Waiting Run Start ” operational mode display will open at the right hand side of the
Toolbar or
2. Click the “NEW ” icon on the Toolbar, enter the player name and playing field,
click on “New ”. A new Tracking Area will open and the “Waiting Run Start ”
operational Mode display will open at the right hand side of the Toolbar.
NB: Please ensure you have the correct sport open before clicking New
If you do not have the correct sport open refer to section 1 above in the “Getting
Started” section of this Manual.
Type the name of the player you wish to track, this will become the File Name for this
Tracking session.
Be sure to nominate the correct playing field because you will not be able to amend the
name or the actual playing field once the Track has been created.
Next you need to set the initial direction of play by clicking on the appropriate arrow
button, then click OK. This will ensure that the Tracking Area perspective on your
screen will be consistent with the actual field you are seeing and the zones set up are
displayed in their correct field aspect.
8. Track a Player
Now you have a player Tracking file open and you have the Tracking Area displayed
ready for the first of the game play periods ie. Quarter, Half etc. Click on the “S t art
1 st period ” button. - You are ready to begin Tracking .
Pressing the “ Return/Enter ” Key on the keyboard will start and stop Tracking.
The application assumes that player substitution during a game is allowed and therefore
any use of the “Return/Enter” key will start and stop Tracking as if a player is being
substituted on and off the field, but will not stop the clock.
a.
Non-substitution Tracking : Move your mouse (or pen) to the
player’s starting position, press the Return/Enter key on your keyboard to start
the clock and collecting the Tracking data.
The “Tracking ” operational mode display will open at the right hand side of
the Toolbar. Your mouse (or pen) icon will be displayed as a “cross hair ” when
it is live and collecting the Tracking data.
Use the cross hair on the Tracking Area to follow the position of the player on
the playing field.
At any time and (by using the Hot Keys,) mark where the player participates in
any of the game events (those nominated in the box at the bottom left hand
corner of the active window,) at the field position as they occur.
DO NOT stop the clock, (which will be advancing the elapsed time for this
Tracking File in the box at the bottom right of the window,) for stoppages in
play caused by either injury or “time out ” called by the referee.
To pause Tracking without going into substitution mode and without the game
clock running press “Return/Enter while holding down the Shift key”.
The only time you should stop the clock is if the player leaves the field and/or at
the end of the nominated period of play.
When the player leaves the field, press the Return/Enter key. If the player is leaving
the field before the end of a scheduled period of play a message will be displayed
“ Substitution Mode”. If the player is retiring from the game prior the end of a
scheduled period of play you should click on the “End (period of play) ” button
which will stop the clock.
b.
Substitution Tracking : If the game is one which allows for
players to be substituted on and/or off throughout the game, and if the player
you are Tracking is to start the nominated period of play ‘on the bench’ as a
substitute, click on the “Start in Substitution Mode” button. Start the
nominated period of play by clicking on the “Start” button in the dialogue box
to start the clock. Press the Return/Enter key when the substitute player takes
the field and then move your mouse or pen to record the Tracking data.
To substitute a player off while Tracking, press Return/Enter to switch into
substitution mode. In substitution mode the game clock keeps running but no
Tracking occurs. At the start of each period of play you may use the “Start in
Substitution Mode” checkbox to start the game with the player off the field.
At the end of a scheduled period of play press the Return/Enter key and then click on
the “End Period of Play” button. A drop down menu will ask you if you would like to
save the file. Click on “Save”, enter the file name and select where you would like it to
be stored.
The application will automatically reset itself ready for the next play period.
9. Open an Existing Tracking File
Go to “FILE ” then select “Open Recent File ” and then select the Player File.
The “Open Recent File” option only lists the last 10 Player Files that have been worked
on. These are listed in descending order of when they were open.
Alternatively select “Open ” from the “FILE” menu or click on the “OPEN ” icon on
the Toolbar and then select the relevant file from the total file list and click on the
“OPEN ” button in the bottom right hand corner.
The “Report Mode” operational display will open at the right hand side of the
Toolbar.
10. Save Tracking Data
At the end of each scheduled game play period you must press Return/Enter to stop
the clock.
A dialog box will appear asking you if you want to save your data. Click on
“ Save ”, enter the file name and location the file will be stored.
It is recommended you initially save the files to your Desktop because this will make the
file more easily accessed for future edit and/or Report functions.
You may later choose to file these to separate Player files for storage and file
maintenance purposes. Each Tracking session ends either at the end of the scheduled
period of play or at a substitution point.
It is possible to view the Tracking Plot, Game Analysis, Speed and Event Reports for a
session once the session has ended.
11. Data Displayed on the Tracking Area
Four tables of data are displayed in real time during Tracking – providing coaching staff
with instantaneous feedback.
The data is displayed in different positions within the window depending on what
playing field or court is being used.
Summary data on Time Lapsed:
• Game time i.e. a summation of the time that has elapsed in the game
• Quarter or half time elapsed
Summary Data on Distance Traveled:
• Total distance covered in the 1/4 or 1/2
• Total distance covered in the Game
Summary Data in Events:
• Quarter/Half event statistics and the game totals
• Event names and markers
Summary Data in Speed Table:
• Mean speed for both the quarter/half and the overall mean speed for the game
• Breakdown of time spent at each speed zone.
Viewing Data Captured
All operations executed in “VIEW ” are displayed as being in “Report Mode”.
12. View Tracking Data
Go to “VIEW ” select “Plot Track ”, select the section you wish to view e.g. 1st
quarter. What is displayed is the players movement track on the field, the speed zone of
movement, (by color code,) and the player events along the Track, coded by shape and
color.
It is not possible to view the Track while you are tracking. If you wish to view tracking
data captured you will need to stop tracking by pressing the “Return/Enter ” key and
then go to “VIEW ” then select “Plot Track ” and select the period of play you wish
to view.
It is recommended that you only access this viewing option during a scheduled break in
play such as quarter or half time because stopping the clock prematurely will cause a
distortion in the reported performance for the period..
If you have viewed the player game data tracked between the periods of play, you must
remove the viewed data from the field before the application will allow you to resume
tracking the player for the next period of play. To remove the viewed Tracking Data go
to “VIEW ”, then select “Field ”. The message to begin tracking the next period of
play will open.
13. View Plotted Mean and Standard Deviation
To view the area of the field or court that the player occupied throughout any quarter,
half or entire game, go to “EDIT ” then select “Report Options ”. From the drop
down menu at the top of the box displayed select “Plot Trak Report ” from the menu
and choose the “Show Standard Deviation ” box for this picture.
TRAK PERFORMANCE will plot the areas of the field/court that captures 70% and 90%
of the player’s movements. The black centre spot indicates the average position. The
solid light green ellipse represents one standard deviation around the average position
(about 70% of all time the player can be found in this area). The single outer line
represents two standard deviations around the average position, which indicates the outer
boundary of where the player can be found about 90% of the time.
14. View Speed Chart
At the end of each game, quarter or half you can review a player’s speed chart.
To view the chart, go to “VIEW ” then select “Speed Chart ” and select the period
you want to review. The Graph illustrated provides the breakdown of the player’s
movements into your predetermined speed categories. You have the ability to set the time
slice that is used to divide up the quarter, half or entire game.
To set the time slices go to the sliding scale in the top right hand corner of the output
box, simply drag the sliding scale to alter the time divisions. This alters the reporting
structure for each speed category e.g. if the slider is on 5, the report will illustrate how
many 5 second repetitions a player performed in each of the speed zones. The line that
runs through the graph illustrates the rolling average speed since the start of the period
being tracked. If you place your mouse over any point on this line the average speed up
to that particular point will be shown.
a. How to Smooth Tracking Data
It may be desirable to “smooth ” this speed data. Data smoothing is performed to make
the graph interpreting the data more realistic because it will smooth out, (by an averaging
process,) data recording “spikes ” caused by jerky operator movements. The system
default setting for data smoothing is a Cutoff Frequency of 30 Hz. (See sections 2 & 6
above for more details)
This can be changed by going to “TRAK PERFORMANCE ”, then selecting
“Preferences ” from the Sub-Menu and selecting “ Tracking Data ” . You would
select the “Smooth Tracking Data ” box and then amend the Cutoff Frequency to
your desired setting. The higher the Cutoff Frequency the less smoothing of data will
occur.
15. View Zone Data
To view what percentage of game time has been spent in each nominated zone and what
distance the player has covered within that zone during a nominated time period, go to
“ VIEW ” then select “Zone Data ”. To view this window during Tracking open this
window before you start your Tracking exercise. Once completed select “Next ” to be
taken to the final edit window.
16. View Movement Direction
To view the direction of movement when you are viewing a saved player Track, go to
“ VIEW ” then select “Movement Direction ”
.
This window will open while your Track for a nominated time period is being viewed.
When you place the cursor pointer on a part of the displayed Track, the Movement
Direction arrow will display the direction of movement at that point and also the speed.
17. View Distance Chart
You are able to view the distance traveled between Player Events for a nominated period
of play in graph format.
Go to “VIEW ” then select “Distance Chart ” and then select which of the periods of
play you wish to view.
18. Merge 2 or more Tracking Files
In some cases a coach may wish to make a performance comparison between an athlete
and a standard or perhaps performance between similar positions in a team environment
or even to gain a plan view of game play to gain a better appreciation of positional
movement.
TRAK PERFORMANCE is able to make such evaluation possible by merging Tracking
files and overlaying them onto the same template. You can merge as many files as you
choose but for multiple files onto one field these must be merged one at a time into a
common field.
In order for merged files to be meaningful for comparison purposes it is necessary to
tabulate them with a common denominator. In all cases time is a constant. The computer
clock is the basis for the underlying timeline in each Tracking file.
Go to “FILE ” then select “Merge Tracking Files ”. Click on “Add File ” then
navigate to and select the file you want to view and click on “Open ”. There are system
default colors and letters, (the first letter of the player file name,) to represent each player
but these may be varied if you choose. You can select a color to represent the player by
clicking on the ‘Set’ button in the ‘Set Player Details’ window.
Click ‘Merge Files’ and save the merged file.
If you are merging more than 2 files into the same field, repeat this process with each
file you want to merge and then click ‘Merge Files’.
If you try to save files which do not have the same field you will get an error message
and you will be prevented from merging this file.
18a Synchronise Merged Files
In order to get accurate results you must now synchronize these files. To do this go to
“ EDIT ” then “Synchronize Merged Files ”. This command option will not be
available to you unless you are in the ‘Merge Files’ function.
Please Note: In order for this merge to be accurate you must record any difference
between the clocks on the computers you are using or preferably synchronize the clocks
prior to Tracking to reduce error.
Set the difference in the times the tracking begins if the tracking has been recorded on
different computers. The setting(s) will be saved when you exit the window.
Editing Tracking Data
It is possible that during the recording of the athlete tracking during training or
competition, recording anomalies occur such as an unreasonable tracking movement or
recording an incorrect event.
19. Edit a Trak
Open the player file you wish to edit by going to “ FILE” then selecting “Open
Recent File ” then selecting the player file you wish to edit.
The “Report Mode” operational display will open at the right hand side of the
Toolbar. Next go to “VIEW ” then “Plot Track ” and select the time period which
you wish to edit.
Next go to “EDIT ” then select “Track ”, click on the “Edit Trak ” button in the
box. The “Edit Mode” display will open at the right hand side of the Toolbar.
The Plot will now be a collection of blue dots. These dots are sample points which are
spaced at time intervals as determined by the Measurement Rate set. ( refer to section 2)
To edit these you can click on the sample point you want to edit and drag it to a desired
position in Tracking Area.
As you drag the sample point to the new position the speed before and speed after data
within the edit window will change accordingly. This edited report window may be
bookmarked for later presentation, (Refer section 28 below,) but the edited data cannot
be saved so that it amends the original file data.
20. Edit Player Events
IT IS NOT POSSIBLE to change any of the player events recorded on a Track. ie. You
cannot change one event to another.
You can only change or edit the Player Events setup details, which is described in
section 4 above.
21. Edit a Player Name
If a Track which has been recorded and saved has been attributed to an incorrect player,
then the player name for a nominated Track recorded can be changed. Open the Track
player file for which the player name is to be changed, select “EDIT ”, then select
“Player Name” and edit the name in the box displayed then press “Save”.
You may now bookmark the edited report screen for later presentation, (refer section 28
below,) but the edited name will not be permanently saved, in spite of what the window
above reads.
If you wish to permanently save the player name stated in the top left hand corner of the
report you must also system save this by going to “FILE ” then “Save”. To change
the name of the file in the system files, you must click on the filename of the file on the
Desktop and edit it there. Note: The names in the “Open Recent File ” Sub-Menu of
the “FILE ” menu will still display the old name because that is the file name which was
recently open.
22. Edit Playing Field Details
There is no function to change the name of a playing field once it has been created. A
New Playing Field will need to be created if the name of a playing field is changed.
To edit playing field dimensions or zones, select “EDIT” (in either player file open or
with no player file open,) then select the playing field saved and amend the
dimensions in the first of the 3 available windows and/or the zones in the next window.
Reports
23. Select and Edit Report Options
Go to “EDIT” then select “Report Options ”. From the drop down menu select the
report you wish to set or edit your report parameters. Your choices are:
a. Player Event
This option changes which player events are shown on all reports, you can either:
• Show all events
• Show no events
• Show selected events
In the selection option, click on the events you wish to be displayed.
b. Speed Zones
This option changes which speed zones are shown on all reports, you can either:
• Show all speed zones
• Show no speed zones
• Show selected speed zones
In the selection option, click on the speed zones you wish to be displayed.
c. Player Tracking Report
You have two options which you can have displayed in your Plot Track report they
are: Show Track and Show Standard Deviation.
Standard Deviation
TRAK PERFORMANCE will plot the areas of the field/court that captures 70% and 90%
of the player’s movements. The black centre spot indicates the average position. The
solid light green ellipse represents one standard deviation around the average position
(about 70% of all time the player can be found in this area). The single outer line
represents two standard deviations around the average position, which indicates the outer
boundary of where the player can be found about 90% of the time.
For further information also refer to section 13 above.
d. Animate Track Report
To view how a player has moved about the field of play during the elapsed game time,
TRAK PERFORMANCE can display the Track for a nominated time period in
animation. To access this feature, you must have a player file open. Select “EDIT ”
from the Main Menu then select “Report Options” from the Sub-Menu , and then
from the drop down menu select “Animate Track Report ”.
The “Animate Track Report” has ‘no trail’ set as a default. To show a trail click on the
box “Show Trail ” and using the slider bar, select the amount of time (in seconds) you
want the trail to be active for.
Next go to “VIEW”, then “Animate Track” and then select the period you wish to
view. The track will be animated with the trail, if you have selected to show a trail.
e. Select Time Range for Report Analysis
Before you can run this Report routine you must have a Player File OPEN.
Go to “EDIT” then select “Select Time Range”.
Enter the start and end times of the interval you wish to analyze eg. You may be
interested in viewing information collated in the last 10 minutes of a football match. To
do this, select from 35 minutes, 00 seconds of the second half to 45 minutes, 00 seconds
of the second half.
Now when you view any report and choose the ‘Selected Time Range’ option for
individual reports they will only show information relating to the last 10 minutes of the
game.
24. View Player Event Reports
Before you can run this Report routine you must have a Player File OPEN.
Go to “VIEW ” then select “Player Events ”.
Within this report you have the ability to view summary information from each 1/4, 1/2,
entire game or a pre - selected time period. eg. You may be interested in viewing
information collated in the last 10 minutes of a Football match.
To select a specific time period, go to “EDIT ” then “Select Time Range”. Enter the
start and end time of the period you wish to analyze.
To export these reports go to “FILE” then select “Export ”.
You can print this report by selecting “FILE” and selecting “Print ” or select the print
icon from the toolbar.
25. View Game Analysis Reports
The Game Analysis report outlines:
1) The percentage of time spent in each speed zone for each quarter, half and game.
2) The distance traveled in each quarter, half and entire game.
3) Graphically illustrates the distances covered at each speed.
4) Total distance covered.
5) Overall game speed.
To view this report, go to “VIEW ” then select “Game Analysis ”.
You can print this report by selecting “FILE” and selecting “Print ” or select the print
icon from the toolbar.
26. View Animated Track
You may view the animated Track for the player whose file is open and for the
nominated time period by selecting “VIEW ” from the Main Menu, then selecting
“ Animate Track ” from the Sub-Menu and selecting the time period you wish to view.
The letter displayed in the octagonal marker is the first letter of the player name.
27. View Heart Rate Data
It is a prerequisit that a Track has had heart rate data imported, synchronized and saved.
Go to “VIEW ” then “Heart Rate Chart ” and then select the “Period of Play” you
wish to view. The Heart rate for the player track will be displayed overlaid on the Player
Speed Chart.
Report Presentation
The various report outputs produced by TRAK PERFORMANCE can be assembled into
a Presentation format. It is necessary to produce the report screens and then to
assemble them in a presentation sequence. To do this, you will need to generate each
report screen and then bookmark each report screen so that it will be readily identifiable
when you put your presentation together.
28. Create and Delete a Bookmark
Select the screen you wish to bookmark. Go to “BOOKMARKS ” then select “Add
a Bookmark ”. Name the Bookmark and click on ‘OK’. To delete a Bookmark, Go to
“ BOOKMARKS ” then select “Manage Bookmarks ” and select the Bookmark you
want to delete and click on the “Delete” button.
29. Create a Presentation
Go to “EDIT” then select “Presentations ”. The last presentation open will open as a
default. If you are creating a new presentation, click on “New Presentation ”. Name
the new presentation and click “OK ”. The first screen of your presentation will
highlight the Track you have open, to select a bookmark from this Track, click on the
bookmark drop down menu and select the bookmarked report you want.
To add a new screen, (saved bookmarked file,) click on “New Screen ”. To include a
bookmark from a different Trak file, select ‘Choose File’. Navigate to the file that
includes the bookmark/s you want to include in this presentation. Once selected using
the drop down menu select the bookmarked report required.
In between each screen you have the ability to select different transitions ie. how one
screen merges into the next. Click on the transition bar and select from the list.
To change the order of the screens within the presentation, highlight the “Selected
Screen ” box and then click on the move screen “up and down arrows ” provided.
To delete a screen, Go to the “Selected Screen ” box and click on “Delete Screen ”
30. Edit a Presentation
To edit a presentation, Go to “EDIT ” then select “Presentations ” and click on the
presentation bar and using the drop down list select the presentation you want to edit.
Edit the presentation by selecting the screen to either change its position in the
presentation or to delete it or to add a new screen from a new bookmark created or from
another Trak file.
To delete a presentation, in the Presentation box opened and click on “Delete
Presentation ”.
31. Play a Presentation
Go to “FILE ” then select “Show Presentation ”. Select the “player name” of the
presentation you want to play. Press the “Return ” Key to scroll forward from screen
to screen. The presentation will play in full screen. To return to the desktop press the
“ Esc ” key.
Additional Functionality
32. Import a Polar Heart Rate File
Go to “FILE ” then select “Import ” further select “Polar Heart Rate Data”.
33. Synchronize Polar Heart Rate Data
The Heart Rate Monitor operator must accurately record the time when the Heart Rate
Monitor was started, and the time when the relevant Tracking period began.
In general, the Polar Heart Rate Data and Tracking Data you use will have different start
times eg. An athlete may start his Polar watch as he leaves the dressing room to begin
his pre match warm ups at 6.05pm the game does not begin until 6.30pm, which is when
Tracking began.
Therefore there is a difference of 25 minutes between the two files which will need to be
taken into account.
In order to get accurate results you must synchronize these files. To do this go to
“ EDIT ” then select “Synchronize Heart Rate Data”. This command option will
not be available to you unless you are in the “Polar Heart Rate Data” function.
You will be given the start time recorded by TRAK PERFORMANCE from the computers
internal clock, Please Note: In order for this import to be accurate you must record
what time the athlete activated the Polar monitor in advance of the Tracking period
start time. In our example above you would enter 25 minutes into the box that asks you
“ How long before Tracking was the watch started?” Your data will now be
synchronized.
34. Import a SportsCode© Edit List
It is possible that if a game is also being filmed and coded in SportsCode , then the
coding operators may choose to select which game events each operator will capture.
In such cases you may import the SportsCode Edit List to populate your TRAK
PERFORMANCE timeline with the information captured by the SportsCode coding
operator. This will provide an opportunity for more comprehensive analysis.
Firstly ensure you have the Track open for the player for which you wish to import the
SportsCode© Edit List data. Go to “FILE ” then select “Import ” further select
“ SportsCode Edit List ”. Your “File Storage” window will open. Select the folder
and/or file which contains the relevant Edit List and open the file to import it.
You may now view reports for analysis which will include the imported information, but
first you must be sure that the Edit List is synchronized with the Tracking File data
35. Synchronize a SportsCode© Edit List
To be sure that the events recorded on the SportsCode timeline are accurately
represented in the TRAK PERFORMANCE timeline, you must synchronise the start time
for the 2 data files.
The TRAK PERFORMANCE software will time stamp its file for a New Track, (from the
computers internal clock,) from the time you press the “Return/Enter ” key to begin
Tracking. The SportsCode data file will commence from the beginning of the video file,
so it will be necessary to ensure you know what time has elapsed from when the video
started recording until the Tracking period began.
Go to “EDIT” then select “Synchronise SportsCode Edit List ”. The following
window will appear. The TRAK PERFORMANCE time stamp will be nominated after
“The start time recorded in the tracking file :” You will be required to nominate the
elapsed time from start of video recording until game start in hours minutes and
seconds. The video start time will be displayed as a product of the 2 values.
36. Export a Report
With the required report file open on your screen, go to “FILE ” then select
“ Export ” further select “Report ”. You will be required to name the file the file you
wish to export as well as specify a destination address.
37. Export Data to a SportsCode© Edit List
The purpose of this feature is to export data to a SportsCode© application as an Edit
List. This will enable an analyst to interrogate data captured by TRAK PERFORMANCE,
(such as speed and zone activity data,) which is not captured in the SportsCode©
application.
It is necessary to have the relevant Tracking file open to create the Edit List to be
exported. Go to “FILE” then select “Export ” further select “SportsCode Edit
List ”.
38. Export Tracking Data
Tracking data may be exported to be used for other analysis eg. in excel for advanced
sorting etc.
With the relevant Tracking file open. Go to “FILE” then select “Export ” further
select “Tracking Data ”.
39. Trak Performance Print Function
Your operating system Print Function provides default borders and header and footer
spacing for each page. The properties of the Trak Performance Print Function will
allow you to over-ride the system default settings to print a particular page or report
without affecting those default settings. This is particularly useful if you wish to print
right to the edges of a page, or customize a printed image of a field to fit a tablet for
tracking upon.
Appendix (i)
Keyboard Quick Key Functions
Apple System Functions
MENU ITEM - FUNCTION
COMMAND
CLICK
KEYSTROKE
⌘
FILE
New Track
Open
Save
Close window
Print
Quit
⌘N
⌘O
⌘S
⌘W
⌘P
⌘Q
EDIT
Undo
Cut
Copy
Paste
Select all
⌘Z
⌘X
⌘C
⌘V
⌘A
GENERAL
Preferences
Hide Trak Performance
Hide Others
⌘,
⌘H
⌥⌘H
MAC OS X
Selection snap shot to memory
⇧⌃⌘4 ⌘V to paste to another window
Appendix (ii)
TRAK PERFORMANCE INDEX OF MENU COMMANDS
Menu Command
SubMenu
Add a Bookmark
Menu
Bookmarks
Add File
Merge Tracking Files
File
Add New
Speed Zones
Edit
Animate Track
Animate Track Report
Needs Player
Section
File Open
Reference
Yes
28
18
5
View
Yes
23d
Report Options
Edit
Yes
23d
Calculate Image Checksum (CRC-32)
SYSTEM FUNCTION
Services
Trak Performance
No
Calculate Image Checksum (MD - 5)
SYSTEM FUNCTION
Services
Trak Performance
No
Chinese Text Converter
SYSTEM FUNCTION
Services
Trak Performance
No
Choose File
Presentations
Edit
29
Choose Image
New Field
File
1
Close
SYSTEM FUNCTION
File
Yes
Convert Selected Simplified Chinese Text
SYSTEM FUNCTION
Services
Trak Performance
No
Convert Selected Traditional Chinese Text
SYSTEM FUNCTION
Services
Trak Performance
No
Create Collection from Text
SYSTEM FUNCTION
Services
Trak Performance
No
Create Font Library from Text
SYSTEM FUNCTION
Services
Trak Performance
No
Edit
No
Default
Delete
Hot Keys
Edit
4
Delete Background Image
New Field
File
3
Delete Presentation
Presentations
Edit
30
Delete Screen
Presentations
Edit
Disk Utility
SYSTEM FUNCTION
Services
Trak Performance
Display Zones
Tracking Data
Preferences
Trak Performance
Distance Chart
View
Edit Track
Track
29
No
2,3a,3b
Yes
Edit
17
19
Export
File
Yes
36,37,38
Field
View
Yes
12
Finder
SYSTEM FUNCTION
Services
Trak Performance
No
Font Book
SYSTEM FUNCTION
Services
Trak Performance
No
View
Yes
Game Analysis
25
Get Result of Apple Script
SYSTEM FUNCTION
Services
Trak Performance
No
Grab
SYSTEM FUNCTION
Services
Trak Performance
No
View
Yes
27
Edit
No
4
File
No
1
File
No
32,34
Heart Rate Chart
Hot Keys
Image Template
Load
Import
Import Background Image
New Field
Load
File
3c
File
No
Mail
SYSTEM FUNCTION
Services
Trak Performance
No
Make New Apple Script
SYSTEM FUNCTION
Services
Trak Performance
No
Bookmarks
Yes
28
Manage Bookmarks
1
Measurement Rate
Preferences
Trak Performance
No
2,6,29
Measurement Units
Preferences
Trak Performance
No
2,29
Merge Files
Merge Tracking Files
File
18
Merge Tracking Files
File
No
18
Movement Direction
View
Yes
16
New Field
File
No
3
New Presentation
Presentations
Edit
29
New Screen
Presentations
Edit
29
New Track
File
No
New Window Containing Selection
SYSTEM FUNCTION
Services
Trak Performance
No
Open
SYSTEM FUNCTION
Services
Trak Performance
No
Open
SYSTEM FUNCTION
File
No
Open Images
SYSTEM FUNCTION
Services
Trak Performance
No
File
No
SYSTEM FUNCTION
Services
Trak Performance
No
Report Options
Edit
Yes
20,24,23a
View
Yes
24
File
No
9,19
Edit
Yes
21
File
Yes
31
Edit
No
22
View
Yes
12,13,18
Edit
Yes
13,23d,26
Open Recent File
Open Selected File
Player Events
Player Events
Player Files Saved
Open recent File
Player Name
Player Name
Show Presentation
Playing Field(s) Saved
Plot Track
Plot Track Report
Report Options
7, 8
9,19
Polar Heart Rate Data
Import
Presentations
Preview
SYSTEM FUNCTION
Services
Print
File
Yes
32
Edit
No
29,30
Trak Performance
No
File
Yes
25
Report
Export
File
Yes
36
Report Colours
Preferences
Trak Performance
No
2,29
Report Format
Preferences
Trak Performance
No
2,29
13,23
Report Options
Edit
Yes
Reveal
SYSTEM FUNCTION
Services
Trak Performance
No
Run as Apple Script
SYSTEM FUNCTION
Services
Trak Performance
No
Save
SYSTEM FUNCTION
File
Yes
Save As
SYSTEM FUNCTION
File
Yes
Screen
SYSTEM FUNCTION
Services
Trak Performance
No
Script Editor
SYSTEM FUNCTION
Services
Trak Performance
No
Edit
Yes
Select Time Range
Selected Time Range
Player Events
View
Selection
SYSTEM FUNCTION
Services
Trak Performance
No
Send Selection
SYSTEM FUNCTION
Services
Trak Performance
No
Send To
SYSTEM FUNCTION
Services
Trak Performance
No
Merge Tracking Files
File
Services
Trak Performance
No
File
Yes
Set Player Details
Show Info
SYSTEM FUNCTION
Show Presentation
Show Standard Deviation
23e,24
23e
18
31
Report Options
Edit
13
Show Track as Recorded
Tracking Data
Preferences
Trak Performance
2
Show Track from Left to Right of Screen
Tracking Data
Preferences
Trak Performance
2
Show Trail
Animate Track Report
Report options
Edit
Slideshow
SYSTEM FUNCTION
Services
Trak Performance
Smooth Tracking Data
Tracking Data
Preferences
Trak Performance
Speech
SYSTEM FUNCTION
Services
23d
No
2,14a
Trak Performance
No
Speed Chart
View
Yes
14
Speed Zones
Edit
No
5
Speed Zones
Report Options
Edit
Yes
23b
Sports Code Edit List
Import
File
Yes
37
Sports Code Edit List
Export
File
Yes
37
Sports Codes
Load
File
Start in Substitution Mode
New Track
File
No
1
8
Start Speaking Text
SYSTEM FUNCTION
Services
Trak Performance
No
Stop Speaking
SYSTEM FUNCTION
Services
Trak Performance
No
Synchronise Heart Rate Data
Edit
Yes
33
Synchronise Merged Files
Edit
Yes
18
Synchronise SportsCode Edit List
Edit
No
35
Text Edit
SYSTEM FUNCTION
Services
Trak Performance
No
Timed Screen
SYSTEM FUNCTION
Services
Trak Performance
No
Edit
Track
Yes
19
Tracking Data
Preferences
Trak Performance
No
2,3a,3b,14,29
Tracking Data
Export
File
Yes
38
Tracking File Colours
Preferences
Trak Performance
No
2,29
View
Yes
15
Zone Data
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