SOAPSTone Reading Strategy Guide Speaker

SOAPSTone Reading Strategy Guide Speaker
SOAPSTone Reading Strategy Guide
(adapted from The College Board)
To encourage and strengthen readers’ interaction with and comprehension and analysis of text.
Speaker
Occasion
Audience
Purpose
Subject
Tone
Who is the voice that tells the story? The author and the speaker
are NOT necessarily the same. An author may choose to tell the
story from any number of different points of view. Is someone
identified as the speaker? What assumptions can be made about the
speaker? What age, gender, class, emotional state, education, or…?
In nonfiction, how does the speaker’s background shape his/her
point of view?
What is the time and place of the piece -- the (rhetorical) context
that encouraged the writing to happen? Is it a memory, a
description, an observation, a valedictory, a diatribe, an elegy, a
declaration, a critique, a journal entry or…? Writing does not occur
in a vacuum. There is the larger occasion: an environment of ideas
and emotions that swirl around a broad issue. Then there is the
immediate occasion: an event or situation that catches the writer’s
attention and triggers a response.
Who is the audience – the (group) of readers to whom this piece
is directed? The audience may be one person, a small group, or a
large group; it may be a certain person or a certain people. Does the
speaker identify an audience? What assumptions exist about the
intended audience?
Why was this text written? You should ask yourself, “What does
the speaker want the audience to think or do as a result of
reading this text?” How is this message conveyed? What is the
message? How does the speaker try to spark a reaction in the
audience? What techniques are used to achieve a purpose? How does
the text make the audience feel? What is its intended effect?
Consider the purpose of the text in order to examine the argument
and its logic.
What are the general topic, content, and ideas contained in the
text? You should be able to state the subject in a few words or a
phrase. How do you know this? How does the author present the
subject? Is it introduced immediately or delayed? Is the subject
hidden? Is there more than one subject?
What is the attitude of the author? The spoken word can convey
the speaker’s attitude, and, thus, help to impart meaning, through
tone of voice. With the written work, it is tone that extends meaning
beyond the literal. If the author were to read aloud the passage,
describe the likely tone of that voice. It is whatever clarifies the
author’s attitude toward the subject. What emotional sense pervades
the piece? How does the diction point to tone? How do the author’s
diction, imagery, language, and sentence structure (syntax) convey
his or her feelings?
SOAPSTone should be used in conjunction with annotating!
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