Page 1 Resolution A.762(18) Adopted on 4 November 1993

Page 1 Resolution A.762(18) Adopted on 4 November 1993
Resolution A.762(18)
Adopted on 4 November 1993
(Agenda item 11)
PERFORMANCE STANDARDS FOR SURVIVAL CRAFT
TWO-WAY VHF RADIOTELEPHONE APPARATUS
THE ASSEMBLY,
RECALLING Article 15(j) of the Convention on the International Maritime Organization concerning the
functions of the Assembly in relation to regulations and guidelines concerning maritime safety,
RECALLING FURTHER resolution A.605(15) whereby it adopted, at its fifteenth regular session, performance
standards for survival craft two-way VHF radiotelephone apparatus for use in the global maritime distress
and safety system (GMDSS),
RECOGNIZING the need to amend the said performance standards in order to ensure the operational
reliability of such equipment in search and rescue operations,
HAVING CONSIDERED the recommendation made by the Maritime Safety Committee at its sixty-second
session,
1. ADOPTS the Recommendation on Performance Standards for Survival Craft Portable Two-Way VHF
Radiotelephone Apparatus and the Recommendation on Performance Standards for Two-Way VHF
Radiotelephone Apparatus for Fixed Installation in Survival Craft, the texts of which are set out in annexes 1
and 2, respectively, to the present resolution;
2. RECOMMENDS Member Governments to ensure that survival craft two-way radiotelephones for use in
search and rescue operations which form part of the GMDSS conform to performance standards not
inferior to those specified in annexes 1 and 2 to the present resolution;
3. REVOKES resolution A.605(15).
Annex 1
RECOMMENDATION ON PERFORMANCE STANDARDS FOR SURVIVAL CRAFT
PORTABLE TWO-WAY VHF RADIOTELEPHONE APPARATUS
1 INTRODUCTION
The survival craft portable two-way VHF radiotelephone, in addition to meeting the requirements of the
Radio Regulations, the relevant CCIR Recommendations and the general requirements set out in resolution
A.694{17), should comply with the following performance standards.
Resolution A.762(18) — 431
2. GENERAL
2.1 The equipment should be portable and capable of being used for on-scene communication between
survival craft, between survival craft and ship, and between survival craft and rescue unit. It may also be
used for on-board communications when capable of operating on appropriate frequencies.
2.2 The equipment should comprise at least:
1 anintegral transmitter/receiver, including antenna and battery;
2 an integral control unit, including a press-to-transmit switch; and
3 aninternal microphone and loudspeaker.
2.3 The equipment should:
A be capable of being operated by unskilled personnel;
.2 be capable of being operated by personnel wearing gloves;
.3 be capable of single-handed operation except for channel selection;
4 withstand drops on to a hard surface from a height of 1 m;
5 be watertight to a depth of 1 m for at least 5 min;
6 maintain watertightness when subjected to a thermal shock of 45°C under conditions of
immersion;
.7 not be unduly affected by seawater or oil:
.8 have no sharp projections which could damage survival craft;
9 be of small size and light weight;
‚10 be capable of operating in the ambient noise level likely to be encountered on board ships or in
survival craft;
11 have provisions for its attachment to the clothing of the user:
12 be resistant to deterioration by prolonged exposure to sunlight; and
13 be either of a highly visible yellow/orange colour or marked with a surrounding yellow/orange
marking strip.
3 CLASS OF EMISSION, FREQUENCY BANDS AND CHANNELS
3.1 The two-way radiotelephone should be capable of operation on the frequency 156.800 MHz (VHF
channel 16) and on at least one additional channel.
3.2 All channels fitted should be for single-frequency voice communication only.
3.3 The class of emission should comply with appendix 19 of the Radio Regulations.
4 CONTROLS AND INDICATORS
4.1 An on/off switch should be provided with a positive visual indication that the radiotelephone is
switched on.
4.2 The receiver should be provided with a manual volume control by which the audio output may be
varied.
4.3 A squelch (mute) control and a channel-selection switch should be provided.
432 — Resolution A.762(18)
4.4 Channel selection should be easily performed and the channels should be clearly discernible.
4.5 Channel indication should be in accordance with appendix 18 of the Radio Regulations.
4.6 It should be possible to determine that channel 16 has been selected in all ambient light conditions.
5 PERMISSIBLE WARMING-UP PERIOD
The equipment should be operational within 5 s of switching on.
6 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
The equipment should not be damaged by the effects of open-circuiting or short-circuiting the antenna.
7 TRANSMITTER POWER
The effective radiated power should be a minimum of 0.25 W. Where the effective radiated power exceeds
1 W, a power-reduction switch to reduce the power to 1 W or less is required. When this equipment
provides for on-board communications, the output power should not exceed 1 W on these frequencies.
8 RECEIVER PARAMETERS
8.1 The sensitivity of the receiver should be equal to or better than 2 uV e.m.f. for a SINAD ratio of 12 dB
at the output.
8.2 The immunity to interference of the receiver should be such that the wanted signal is not seriously
affected by unwanted signals.
9 ANTENNA
The antenna should be vertically polarized and, as far as practicable, be omnidirectional in the horizontal
plane. The antenna should be suitable for efficient radiation and reception of signals at the operating
frequency.
10 RECEIVER OUTPUT
10.1 The audio output should be sufficient to be heard in the ambient noise level likely to be encountered
on board ships or in a survival craft.
10.2 In the transmit condition, the output of the receiver should be muted.
11 ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
The equipment should be so designed as to operate over the temperature range -20%C to +55°C. It should
not be damaged in stowage throughout the temperature range -30°C to +65°C.
12 POWER SUPPLY
12.1 The source of energy should be integrated in the equipment. In addition, provision may be made to
operate the equipment using an external source of electrical energy.
12.2 The source of energy shall have sufficient capacity to ensure 8 h operation at its highest rated power
with a duty cycle of 1:9. This duty cycle is defined as 6 s transmission, 6 s reception above squelch opening
level and 48 s reception below squelch opening level.
Resolution A.762(18) — 433
12.3 Portable two-way radiotelephone equipment may be equipped with a primary or secondary battery.
Primary batteries shall have a shelf life of at least 2 years.
12.4 Where secondary batteries are used, suitable arrangements should be made to ensure the availability
of fully charged cells in the event of a distress situation.
13 LABELLING
In addition to the items specified in resolution A.694(17) on general requirements, the following should be
clearly indicated on the exterior of the equipment:
.1 brief operating instructions; and
.2 expiry date for the primary batteries, if any.
Annex 2
RECOMMENDATION ON PERFORMANCE STANDARDS FOR TWO-WAY VHF
RADIOTELEPHONE APPARATUS FOR FIXED INSTALLATION
IN SURVIVAL CRAFT
1 INTRODUCTION
The survival craft portable two-way VHF radiotelephone for fixed installations, in addition to meeting the
requirements of the Radio Regulations, the relevant CCIR Recommendations and the general requirements
set out in resolution A.694(17), should comply with the following performance standards. :
2 GENERAL
2.1 The equipment should be capable of being used for on-scene communication between survival craft,
between survival craft and ship, and between survival craft and rescue unit.
2.2 The equipment should comprise at least:
Л а transmitter and receiver;
2 an antenna, which may be fixed to the equipment or mounted separately; and
3 a microphone with a press-to-talk switch and a loudspeaker.
2.3 The equipment should:
.1 be capable of being operated by unskilled personnel;
.2 be capable of being operated by personnel wearing gloves;
Ww
withstand such shocks and vibration as might occur in survival craft;
4 be watertight to a depth of 1 m for at least 5 min;
5 maintain watertightness when subjected to a thermal shock of 45°C under conditions of
immersion;
434 — Resolution A.762(18)
9 ANTENNA
The antenna should be vertically polarized and, as far as practicable, be omnidirectional in the horizontal
plane. The antenna should be suitable for efficient radiation and reception of signals at the operating
frequency.
10 RECEIVER OUTPUT
10.1 The audio output should be sufficient to be heard in the ambient noise level likely to be encountered
in a survival craft.
10.2 In the transmit condition, the output of the receiver should be muted.
11 ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
The equipment should be so designed as to operate over the temperature range -20°C to +55°C. It should
not be damaged in stowage throughout the temperature range -30°C to +65°C.
12 POWER SUPPLY
12.1 The source of energy may be integrated in the equipment or external to it.
12.2 The source of energy should have sufficient capacity to ensure 8 h operation at its highest rated
power with a duty cycle of 1:9. This duty cycle is defined as 6 s transmission, 6 s reception above squelch
opening level and 48 s reception below squelch opening level.
12.3 The two-way radiotelephone equipment may be equipped with a primary or secondary battery.
Primary betteries shall have a shelf life of at least 2 years.
12.4 Where secondary batteries are used, suitable arrangements should be made to ensure the availability
of fully charged cells at all times.
13 LABELLING
In addition to the items specified in resolution A.694(17) on general requirements, the following should be
clearly indicated on the exterior of the equipment:
1 brief operating instructions; and
.2 expiry date for the primary batteries, if any.
436 — Resolution A.762(18)
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