VMware KVM VMware Workstation Pro 12.0 This document supports the version of each product listed and supports all subsequent versions until the document is replaced by a new edition. To check for more recent editions of this document, see http://www.vmware.com/support/pubs. EN-001918-00 VMware KVM You can find the most up-to-date technical documentation on the VMware Web site at: http://www.vmware.com/support/ The VMware Web site also provides the latest product updates. If you have comments about this documentation, submit your feedback to: email@example.com Copyright © 2013–2015 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. Copyright and trademark information. VMware, Inc. 3401 Hillview Ave. Palo Alto, CA 94304 www.vmware.com 2 VMware, Inc. Contents 1 VMware KVM 5 Use VMware KVM 5 Set Hot Keys for VMware KVM 6 Set the VMware KVM Log File 7 Index VMware, Inc. 9 3 VMware KVM 4 VMware, Inc. 1 VMware KVM With VMware Workstation Pro, you can run virtual machines with VMware KVM, which allows you to use hot keys to switch among running virtual machines and the host, as if they were attached to a KVM switch. To use VMware KVM, you must create virtual machines with Workstation Pro or Workstation Player, and you must configure keyboard shortcuts to cycle through the virtual machines. VMware KVM is only available with VMware Workstation 10 and later. This chapter includes the following topics: n “Use VMware KVM,” on page 5 n “Set Hot Keys for VMware KVM,” on page 6 n “Set the VMware KVM Log File,” on page 7 Use VMware KVM The VMware KVM command vmware-kvm.exe starts and stops virtual machines. You can include the command to start a virtual machine in a shortcut in the host operating system's startup group so that the virtual machine starts when a user logs on to the host computer. You must run the vmware-kvm.exe command once for each virtual machine you want to start or stop with VMware KVM. Procedure 1 Open the Windows command prompt and navigate to the VMware Workstation Pro installation folder. 2 Type vmware-kvm.exe [OPTIONS] vmx-file.vmx, where vmx-file.vmx is a virtual machine you want to use with VMware KVM. VMware, Inc. Option Description --power-off Powers off the specified virtual machine. Add =hard to perform a hard power off to the virtual machine. When you power off a virtual machine, vmware-kvm.exe closes the virtual machine and switches to the next active virtual machine. --suspend Suspends the specified virtual machine. Add =hard to perform a hard suspend to the virtual machine. --reset Resets the specified virtual machine. Add =hard to perform a hard reset to the virtual machine. --detach Detaches the specified virtual machine. The virtual machine then runs in the background. 5 VMware KVM Option Description --exit Exits vmware-kvm.exe. --preferences Shows the vmware-kvm preferences dialog box, where you set a hot key for switching between virtual machines. For example, type vmware-kvm.exe --power-off=hard MyVM.vmx to hard power off the virtual machine MyVM.vmx. Type vmware-kvm.exe --reset MyVM.vmx to reset MyVM.vmx. Note When a virtual machine is opened with VMware KVM , it cannot be opened with Workstation Pro or Workstation Player. To open the virtual machine with Workstation Pro or Workstation Player, you must close the virtual machine using vmware-kvm.exe --detach MyVM.vmx, or using the --exit command. What to do next You can set specific hot keys to cycle between virtual machines and the host. See “Set Hot Keys for VMware KVM,” on page 6 Set Hot Keys for VMware KVM You can specify a hot key or hot key combination for cycling through available virtual machines and the host computer. Each time you press the specified hot key, the screen displays the next virtual machine or the host, in order. When you press the hot keys and a particular virtual machine is not running, it is skipped. The default hot key is the Pause/Break key. Prerequisites Review the hot key combinations to avoid selecting hot key combinations already recognized by Workstation virtual machines. See “Default Hot Key Combinations,” on page 7. Procedure 1 Open the Workstation Pro command-line. 2 Type vmware-kvm.exe --preferences. 3 Click Modify. 4 Press the combination of keys to use as hot keys. 5 Select the check boxes next to the other feature to enable or disable. Option Description Allow ungrabbing Allows the mouse cursor to be released using Ctrl+Alt. Stretch guest Allows the virtual machine to change the guest display to fit the full screen. The guest display resolution is not changed. 6 Select an exiting behavior for the virtual machines used with VMware KVM. 7 Click OK. You return to the host system. 6 VMware, Inc. Chapter 1 VMware KVM Default Hot Key Combinations You can assign a hot key to switch among virtual machines and the host. The default hot key is the Pause/Break key. The following keys are reserved and cannot be assigned as hot keys. Table 1‑1. Default Hot-Key Combinations Shortcut Action Ctrl+Alt Release the mouse cursor. Ctrl+Alt+Insert Shut down or, depending on the guest operating system, log out of the guest operating system. This command is received solely by the virtual machine. Set the VMware KVM Log File You can configure a log file for VMware KVM. The log file records diagnostic information from vmware-kvm.exe. The log file is separate from the vmware.log file, which stores information on running virtual machines. If you do not specify a log file, vmware-kvm.exe generates a log file in the %TEMP% folder . Setting a log file is not required. Procedure 1 Open the %APPDATA%\VMware\config.ini file in a text editor. 2 Add vmkvm.log.filename = "C:\filepath\vmkvm.log" to the file, where filepath is a fully qualified file path to the desired location for the log file. For example, vmkvm.log.filename = "C:\Users\Default\vmkvm.log". VMware, Inc. 7 VMware KVM 8 VMware, Inc. Index C change KVM hot-keys 6 H hot keys, default combinations 7 hot-keys 6 K KVM .vmx file 5 commands 5 log file 7 KVM hot-keys 6 L log file, KVM 7 S stretch guest 6 U ungrab 6 V vmware-kvm.exe, log file 7 VMware, Inc. 9 VMware KVM 10 VMware, Inc.
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