RS-232 to RS-485 Converter
B&B ELECTRONICS
Document No. 485CON0812 - pg. 1/2
RS-232 to RS-485 Converter
Model 485CON
This RS-232 to RS-485 converter converts unbalanced, full-duplex RS-232
signals to balanced, full-duplex or half-duplex RS-485 signals. RS-485 is an
enhanced version osf the RS-422 balanced line standard. It allows multiple drivers
and receivers on a two-wire system.
The RS-232 port uses a male DB-25P type of connector with pins 2 (TD
input) and 3 (RD output) supported. Protective Ground (pin 1) and Signal Ground (pin
7) are also connected. The RS-485 port uses a female DB-25S type of connector with the Send Data outputs on pins 2 and
14, and Receive Data inputs on pins 5 and 17. Protective Ground (pin 1) and Signal Ground (pin 7) are connected through to
the RS-232 connector.
The polarity of the two RS-485 lines must be correct. With no data being sent, the RS-232 line should be negative
and the RS-485 "A" terminal should be negative with respect to the "B" terminal. If your equipment uses a "+" and "-" naming
scheme, in most cases the "A" line will be connected to the "-" and the "B" line will be connected to the "+". The RS-485
driver must be enabled when checking the polarity of the output of a RS-485 driver. On this connector, the RTS input (pin 4),
on the RS-232 side must be raised to enable the RS-485 driver.
Figure 2 shows how to interconnect two RS-485 converters using two signal wires. The resistors Rt are optional,
depending on the line length, baud rate, etc. The resistors should be about the impedance of the line used, which is normally
about 120 ohms each. Termination resistors are installed only at each end of the RS-485 multidrop network. RTS must be off
(low or marking) to receive and on (high or spacing) to transmit. Both RTS's should not be on at the same time. Although
you will not damage anything, the data sent will be garbled. If both RTS lines are off, the line may be floating and random
data may appear on the outputs. Your protocol should allow for this if it can happen.
Up to 32 receivers can be driven by any one generator. This allows you to put together large systems with many
drop points. The termination resistors should be located at approximately opposite ends of the system.
Proper operation of any RS-485 system requires the presence of a signal return path. The RS-485 Standard
recommends that a third wire be used for this. For safety, a 100 ohm resistor should be connected between pin 7 and the
"reference" wire at every drop point. While it may be possible to interconnect signal grounds (pin 7s) directly, this is not
recommended due to the danger of circulating currents possibly being present.
No wire type or maximum run length is listed in the RS-485 Standard. However, the RS-422 Standard, which is very
similar, recommends 4000 ft. of number 24 AWG twisted-pair telephone cable with a shunt capacitance of 16 picofarads per
foot.
PRODUCT INFORMATION
DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY
Manufacturer’s Name:
B&B Electronics Manufacturing Company
Manufacturer’s Address:
P.O. Box 1040
707 Dayton Road
Ottawa, IL 61350 USA
Model Number:
485CON
Description:
2-Channel RS-485 Converter w/RTS Control
Type:
Light industrial ITE equipment
Application of Council Directive:
89/336/EEC
Standards:
EN 50082-1 (IEC 801-2, IEC 801-3, IEC 801-4)
EN 50081-1 (EN 55022, IEC 1000-4-2)
EN 61000 (-4-2, -4-3, -4-4, -4-5, -4-6, -4-8, -4-11)
ENV 50204
EN 55024
Robert M. Paratore, Director of Engineering
www.bb-elec.com orders@bb-elec.com support@bb-elec.com
International Office: 707 Dayton Road PO Box 1040 Ottawa, IL 61350 USA 815-433-5100 Fax 433-5104
European Office: Westlink Commercial Park Oranmore Co. Galway Ireland +353 91 792444 Fax +353 91 792445
PRODUCT INFORMATION
B&B ELECTRONICS
Document No. 485CON0812 - pg. 2/2
www.bb-elec.com orders@bb-elec.com support@bb-elec.com
International Office: 707 Dayton Road PO Box 1040 Ottawa, IL 61350 USA 815-433-5100 Fax 433-5104
European Office: Westlink Commercial Park Oranmore Co. Galway Ireland +353 91 792444 Fax +353 91 792445
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