Testing 16 Edition Instrument
Testing 16 Edition Instrument
Using the 2080
Testing the Insulation resistance function
The insulation measurement function of a tester measures high value resistance using a high voltage.
A high voltage is used to test that the insulation does not break down, and is an essential requirement
to this type of test.
To check the insulation measurement function of a tester it is nessarry to check both the applied test
voltage and also the accuracy of the resistance measurement.
Checking for the correct applied test voltage
1: To check the applied test voltage, connect the 2080,s ‘Common’ & ‘1Mohm’ terminals to the
insulation tester as shown below, and plug in 2080 to mains power.
2: Select the lowest test voltage range on the tester, 100V or 250V, and press test button on the tester.
Note the corresponding Voltage LED on the 2080 lights. Record result as pass on the check sheet.
Check the other test voltage ranges in the same way.
NOTE; For the LEDs to light the red terminal on the 2080 must be positive. On some
testers (eg. Robin) the Red lead is negative, and the leads must be reversed.
Checking the reading accuracy
1: Connected as above, select 500V test voltage range and record the reading on the tester.
Allow from 0.95M Ω to 1.05M Ω ± 1 digit *
2: Connect the tester to the 9.9M terminal on the 2080, Starting with the lowest voltage range,
record the displayed reading on each range.
Allow from 9.4M Ω to 10.4M Ω ± 1 digit *
3: Connect the tester to the 99M terminals on the 2080, select the 500V range and record the
reading.
Allow from 94M Ω to 104M Ω .*
Common Problems
Test voltage LED’s do not light
Only the lower Test Voltage LED on
Tester reads over range all the time
Application Note V1.00
Application Note - 2080 User Guide.doc
Solution
1: 2080 not plugged in
2: Tests leads reversed (see section 2 above)
3: Test leads open circuit. Try shorting together
to read zero
4: Tester Faulty or low batteries
Low batteries in tester
Test leads open circuit. Note some testers require
the correct test leads to be used.
Testing 16 Edition Instrument
Using the 2080
Testing the Continuity measurement Function
The Continuity, or low resistance function measures low resistance, measured in ohms.
To check the accuracy of this function the 2080 has 3 precision low value resistors. Note that the
tester will also measure the resistance of the test leads and connections as well. Many testers have a
null function to ‘zero’ out this lead resistance before making a measurement. Please see the
instructions for your tester on how to use this function.
1: First Null out test leads. If your tester does not have a null function note the reading obtained with the
test leads shorted together and take this reading off all other readings.
2: Connect the test leads to the ‘common’ and the ‘0.5R’ terminals as shown above.
Select the lowest range on the tester & record the reading displayed on the tester.
Allow readings from 0.4 ohms to 0.6 ohms ± 1 digit.*
3: Connect the test leads to the ‘common’ and the ‘2R’ terminals. Select the range**, and record
the reading.
Allow readings from 1.85 ohms to 2.15 ohms ± 1 digit.*
4: Connect the test leads to the ‘common’ and the ‘10R’ terminals. Select the range**, and record
the reading.
Allow readings from 1.85 ohms to 2.15 ohms ± 1 digit.*
** Select the range on the tester so as to take one reading from each range on the tester.
For example if the tester had a 2ohm, 20ohm & 200ohm range use the 2-ohm to measure 0.5ohm, the
20 ohm range to measure 2 ohm & the 200 ohm range to measure 10 ohm.
Common Problems
Tester reads over range
Reading unstable
Reading High
Application Note V1.00
Application Note - 2080 User Guide.doc
Solution
The test leads are open circuit. Note some test
leads are fused and some use special
connectors. Check leads are OK
Check connections are clean and tight in the
sockets
Checked Tester is zeroed correctly with leads
shorted together. Poor leads will give a high zero
Testing 16 Edition Instrument
Using the 2080
Testing the AC voltage measurement function
Some insulation, multi function and installation testers can measure AC volts. This can be simply
checked as shown below.
WARNING : THIS TEST INVOLVES MAINS VOLTAGES AND CARE MUST BE
TAKEN TO AVOID ELECTRIC SHOCK.
1: With the 2080 unplugged connect up the tester to the 2080 as shown below and select the AC
voltage measurement function on the tester.
2: Plug in the 2080.
3: Record voltage displayed on meter. Allow 220V to 250V*
Common Problems
No voltage displayed
Solution
1: Test leads Open circuit
2: 2080 not plugged in to mains supply, check
Power LED on 2080 next to AC output sockets
3: Fuse blown on 2080
Testing the RCD function
RCD testers simulate a fault current between live and earth, this causes the RCD to trip. The time
taken for the RCD to disconnect the supply is shown on the Testers display usually in mill-seconds.
To test, it is necessary to check that firstly the tester is taking the correct current and also that the
display shows the correct time.
Usually testers have several current ranges plus a ‘5I’ function, which multiplies the current range set
by 5.
It is important to check more than one current range, as switches can get broken, leaving the
instrument stuck on one range. Good practice would be to check the 10mA and 30mA ranges and also
the operation of the 5I switch on the 30mA range (150mA).
It is also very important to check the tester is not taking too much current as an RCD will still trip, for
example you could be testing a circuit which should have a 30mA RCD, however due to a faulty range
switch on your tester is on the 300mA range and of course this will open any trip up to 300mA.
Application Note V1.00
Application Note - 2080 User Guide.doc
Testing 16 Edition Instrument
Using the 2080
The timing measurement should also be tested with both a long and a short trip time to be sure
that it is reading correctly.
It is of less importance but if the tester has a ‘positive/negative’ cycle switch it would be good practice
to test this as well.
The unique features of the electronic trip built into 2080 allow all the above to be tested quickly and
easily. Accurate timing is ensured as the time period is not dependant on the current drawn, and an
LED warns of over current. Even the positive/negative switch can be checked, as the time period will
be 10mS longer for starting on the negative cycle.
Simply checking that a tester can trip an RCD is almost no check of the correct operation of the tester
at all, there is no indication of over current and the timing accuracy is poor and varies with current.
Checking an RCD Tester
1: Plug the 2080 into an Unprotected supply (no RCD trip) and plug the RCD tester into the Right-hand
socket ‘RCD’ on the 2080 as shown below.
2: Select the 10mA range and the 0° setting if fitted on the tester, and the 10mA/150ms range on the
2080. Press the reset button on the 2080, wait for the tester to be ready then press test on the tester.
The 2080’s ‘tripped’ led will light and the ‘Over current LED should be off. Record the time displayed on
the tester.
Allow from 135ms to 166ms.*
3: Repeat above for the testers 30mA range.
4: If the tester has a ‘x5I’ button select this and the 30mA range. Set the 2080 to 150mA/30ms and
press ‘test’ button. Record the displayed time.
Allow from 25ms to 35ms.*
5: If the Tester has a 0°/180° switch select the 180° position and 30mA range, Set the 2080 to
30mA/150ms. The timing period displayed should be 10mS more than with the 180° selected as read
in test 3 above.
Common Problems
No power to RCD tester
Time period 10ms too long
Mains Power Switches Off
Application Note V1.00
Application Note - 2080 User Guide.doc
Solution
1: 2080 not plugged in
2: Fuse blown in 2080
Tester set to 180° (negative cycle)
2080 not connected to unprotected supply
Testing 16 Edition Instrument
Using the 2080
Testing a Loop tester
Loop testers measure the resistance of the mains supply. The measurement is made in Ohms.
1: Plug the 2080 into an Unprotected supply (no RCD trip) and plug the loop tester into the Left-hand
socket ‘LOOP’ on the 2080 as shown below.
NOTE IF A LOOP TEST IS PERFORMED WHILE PLUGGED INTO THE RCD
SOCKET THEN THE FUSE ON THE FRONT OF THE 2080 WILL BLOW.
2: Set Loop Test switch to the ‘SUPPLY LOOP’ position (LEFT) on the 2080. Select the
Lowest range on the tester and press the test button on the loop tester. Note the reading.
3: Switch to the ‘LOOP + 1R’ position on the 2080, and press test again on the tester.
Record the difference from the reading above.
Allow readings from 0.9 ohms to 1.1ohms ± 1 digit.
** Many testers have both a normal measurement mode, and a ‘no trip’ mode.
Readings should be taken for both modes.
Common Problems
No Power to Loop Tester
Unstable reading on tester
Supply trips out when test button pressed
Solution
1: 2080 not plugged into supply
2: Faulty loop tester mains lead
Noise on mains supply - try a different
mains socket for the 2080
2080 must be used on unprotected supply
The allowance figures given in this application note are based on a typical ‘working’ accuracy for a
tester when used with the 2080, and are given as guidelines for the purpose of checking for correct
operation of a 16th edition instrument. Many testers may give better accuracy, which will be tested
against manufacturers specification on a full calibration.
2080 Specifications Summary
Continuity Testing
Insulation Testing
RCD Testing
LOOP Testing
0.5Ω : 2Ω : 10Ω : 1% ± 20mΩ
Max. Current : 300mA
1MΩ : 9.9MΩ : 99MΩ : 1%
Max. Test Voltage 1.2kV
10mA (Nominal) @150ms • 30mA (Nominal) @ 150ms • 150mA (Nominal) @ 30ms
Supply Loop • Supply Loop + 1Ω : 5%
Application Note V1.00
Application Note - 2080 User Guide.doc
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