Operating Manual - SUNNY CENTRAL 500CP XT / 630CP XT

Operating Manual - SUNNY CENTRAL 500CP XT / 630CP XT
Operating Manual
SUNNY CENTRAL 500CP XT / 630CP XT / 720CP XT / 760CP XT
800CP XT / 850CP XT / 900CP XT
SCCP-BE-D4btf-US-en-22 | 98-106300.01 | Version 2.2
AMERICAN ENGLISH
Legal Provisions
SMA America, LLC
Legal Provisions
Copyright © 2014 SMA America, LLC. All rights reserved.
No part of this document may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means,
be it electronic, mechanical, photographic, magnetic or otherwise, without the prior written permission of SMA America,
LLC.
Neither SMA America, LLC nor SMA Solar Technology Canada Inc. makes representations, express or implied, with
respect to this documentation or any of the equipment and/or software it may describe, including (with no limitation) any
implied warranties of utility, merchantability, or fitness for any particular purpose. All such warranties are expressly
disclaimed. Neither SMA America, LLC nor its distributors or dealers nor SMA Solar Technology Canada Inc. nor its
distributors or dealers shall be liable for any indirect, incidental, or consequential damages under any circumstances.
(The exclusion of implied warranties may not apply in all cases under some statutes, and thus the above exclusion may
not apply.)
Specifications are subject to change without notice. Every attempt has been made to make this document complete,
accurate and up-to-date. Readers are cautioned, however, that SMA America, LLC and SMA Solar Technology Canada
Inc. reserve the right to make changes without notice and shall not be responsible for any damages, including indirect,
incidental or consequential damages, caused by reliance on the material presented, including, but not limited to,
omissions, typographical errors, arithmetical errors or listing errors in the content material.
All trademarks are recognized even if these are not marked separately. Missing designations do not mean that a product
or brand is not a registered trademark.
The Bluetooth® word mark and logos are registered trademarks owned by Bluetooth SIG, Inc. and any use of such marks
by SMA America, LLC and SMA Solar Technology Canada Inc. is under license.
SMA America, LLC
3801 N. Havana Street
Denver, CO 80239 U.S.A.
SMA Solar Technology Canada Inc.
2425 Matheson Blvd. E
7th Floor
Mississauga, ON L4W 5K4
Canada
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Operating Manual
SMA America, LLC
Important Safety Instructions
Important Safety Instructions
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
This manual contains important instructions for the following products:
• SC 500CP-10-XT (Sunny Central 500CP XT)
• SC 630CP-10-XT (Sunny Central 630CP XT)
• SC 720CP-10-XT (Sunny Central 720CP XT)
• SC 760CP-10-XT (Sunny Central 760CP XT)
• SC 800CP-10-XT (Sunny Central 800CP XT)
• SC 850CP-10-XT (Sunny Central 850CP XT)
• SC 900CP-10-XT (Sunny Central 900CP XT)
This manual must be followed during installation and maintenance.
The product is designed and tested in accordance with international safety requirements, but as with all electrical and
electronic equipment, certain precautions must be observed when installing and/or operating the product. To reduce the
risk of personal injury and to ensure the safe installation and operation of the product, you must carefully read and follow
all instructions, cautions and warnings in this manual.
Warnings in this document
A warning describes a hazard to equipment or personnel. It calls attention to a procedure or practice, which, if not
correctly performed or adhered to, could result in damage to or destruction of part or all of the SMA equipment and/or
other equipment connected to the SMA equipment or personal injury.
Symbol
'$1*(5
Description
DANGER indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in death or
serious injury.
:$51,1*
WARNING indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in
death or serious injury.
&$87,21
CAUTION indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in minor
or moderate injury.
/05*$&
NOTICE is used to address practices not related to personal injury.
Operating Manual
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Warnings on this Product
SMA America, LLC
Warnings on this Product
The following symbols are used as product markings with the following meanings.
Symbol
Description
Warning regarding dangerous voltage
The product works with high voltages. All work on the product must only be performed as described in
the documentation of the product.
Beware of hot surface
The product can become hot during operation. Do not touch the product during operation.
Electric arc hazards
The product has large electrical potential differences between its conductors. Arc flashes can occur
through air when high-voltage current flows. Do not work on the product during operation.
Risk of fire
Improper installation of the product may cause a fire.
Observe the operating instructions
Read the documentation of the product before working on it. Follow all safety precautions and instructions
as described in the documentation.
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Operating Manual
SMA America, LLC
General Warnings
General Warnings
:$51,1*
General Warnings
All electrical installations must be made in accordance with the local and National Electrical Code® ANSI/NFPA 70
or the Canadian Electrical Code® CSA C22.1. This document does not and is not intended to replace any local, state,
provincial, federal or national laws, regulations or codes applicable to the installation and use of the product, including
without limitation applicable electrical safety codes. All installations must conform with the laws, regulations, codes and
standards applicable in the jurisdiction of installation. SMA assumes no responsibility for the compliance or
noncompliance with such laws or codes in connection with the installation of the product.
Before installing or using the product, read all of the instructions, cautions, and warnings in this manual.
Before connecting the product to the electrical utility grid, contact the local utility company. This connection must be
made only by qualified personnel.
Wiring of the product must be made by qualified personnel only.
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SMA America, LLC
SCCP-BE-D4btf-US-en-22
Operating Manual
SMA America, LLC
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
1
Information on this Document. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
2
12
12
12
13
13
13
14
Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
3
Validity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Target Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Additional Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Typographies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nomenclature. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Intended Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Skills of Qualified Persons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Personal Protective Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Warning Messages on the Sunny Central . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
15
16
19
19
20
Product Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
3.1 PV System Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
3.2 Sunny Central . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.2.1
Design of the Sunny Central . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
3.2.2
Type Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
3.2.3
3.2.4
Symbols on the Product . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
Operating Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
3.2.5
Touch Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
3.2.6
Key Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
Sunny Central Communication Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sunny Central String-Monitor Controller. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Remote Shutdown. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
External Fast Stop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Insulation Monitoring and Ground-Fault Monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
28
29
29
29
30
3.7.1
Mode of Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
3.7.2
Ground-Fault Monitoring in Grounded PV Arrays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
3.7.3
3.7.2.1
Ground Fault Detection and Interruption (GFDI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
3.7.2.2
Remote GFDI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
3.7.2.3
Soft Grounding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Insulation Monitoring. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
3.7.3.1
3.7.4
Insulation Monitoring Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
Combined Insulation and Ground-Fault Monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
3.7.4.1
GFDI and Insulation Monitoring Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
3.7.4.2
Remote GFDI and Insulation Monitoring Device. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
3.7.4.3
Remote Soft Grounding and Insulation Monitoring Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
3.8 Grid Management Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
3.8.1
Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
3.8.2
Active Power Limitation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
3.8.3
Reactive Power Setpoint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
3.8.4
Behavior in the Absence of Active and Reactive Power Setpoints. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39
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3.8.5
Full and Limited Dynamic Grid Support (FRT) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39
3.8.6
Decoupling Protection Ramp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
3.8.7
Grid Management Shutdown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
3.8.8
Q at Night . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
3.9 Islanding Detection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
3.9.1
Active Islanding Detection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
3.9.2
Passive Islanding Detection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
3.10 Low-Temperature Option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
3.11 Schematic Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
4
Touch Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
4.1 Touch Display Layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
4.2 Explanation of Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.2.1
Status Info Line. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
4.2.2
Information Area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
4.2.3
Navigation Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
Selecting the Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing the Date, Time, and Time Zone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selecting the Display Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Brightness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Entering the Installer Password. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
46
47
47
47
47
5
Network Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48
6
Communication with the Inverter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
Displaying Instantaneous Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing Parameters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the String-Current Monitoring on the Sunny Central String-Monitor Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Optional Settings of the Sunny Central String-Monitor Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
50
50
50
52
6.4.1
Changing the Communication Period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52
6.4.2
Changing the Monitoring Period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52
6.4.3
Assigning PV Strings to Various Measuring Channels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53
6.4.4
Assigning PV Strings to Different Groups. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53
6.4.5
Setting the Tripping Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53
6.4.6
Setting the Tolerance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54
6.5 Configuring the Remote Shutdown. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
6.6 Deactivating the "Fully Hermetic" Transformer Protection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
7
Grid Monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.7
7.8
8
8
How Grid Monitoring Works. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Line Voltage Monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting Power Frequency Monitoring. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Grid Monitoring in Accordance with IEEE 1547 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Grid Connection after Elimination of Error . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Active Power Ramp-Up. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Medium Voltage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Activating the Manual Resume Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55
55
57
58
60
60
60
61
Power Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62
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8.1 Active Power Limitation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
8.1.1
8.1.2
Frequency-Dependent Active Power Limitation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62
8.1.1.1
Principle of Frequency-Dependent Active Power Limitation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62
8.1.1.2
Setting the Mode of Frequency-Dependent Active Power Limitation and Associated Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . .63
Frequency-Independent Active Power Limitation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63
8.1.2.1
Selecting the Mode with the Parameter P-WMod. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63
8.1.2.2
No Active Power Limitation: Off Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64
8.1.2.3
Active Power Limitation with Operation Command via Modbus Protocol: WCtlCom Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . .64
8.1.2.4
Active Power Limitation as a Percentage of the Nominal Power: WCnst Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64
8.1.2.5
Active Power Limitation with Absolute Value: WCnst Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65
8.1.2.6
Active Power Limitation via Standard Signal: WCnstNomAnIn Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65
8.1.3
Displaying the Status of Active Power Limitation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65
8.1.4
Displaying Error Messages and Warnings for Active Power Limitation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .66
8.2 Reactive Power Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
8.2.1
Mode of Reactive Power Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .66
8.2.1.1
Selecting the Mode with the Parameter Q-VArMod . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .66
8.2.1.2
No Reactive Power Control: Off Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68
8.2.1.3
Reactive Power Control with Operation Command via Modbus Protocol: WCtlCom Procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . .68
8.2.1.4
Reactive Power Control with Operation Command via Modbus Protocol: PFCtlCom Procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . .68
8.2.1.5
Reactive Power Control with Absolute Value: VArCnst Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68
8.2.1.6
Reactive Power Control as a Percentage of the Nominal Power: VArCnstNom Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68
8.2.1.7
Reactive Power Control via Standard Signal: VArCnstNomAnIn Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69
8.2.1.8
Reactive Power Control via Displacement Power Factor cos φ: PFCnst Procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70
8.2.1.9
Displacement Power Factor cos φ via Standard Signal: PFCnstAnIn Procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70
8.2.1.10 Displacement Power Factor cos φ Depending on the Feed-In Power:
PFCtlW Procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .71
8.2.1.11 Reactive Power Depending on the Line Voltage: VArCtlVol Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72
8.2.1.12 Measures for Voltage Support through Parameterization of Reactive Power/Voltage Characteristic Curve:
VArCtlVolHystDb Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73
8.2.2
Displaying Error Messages and Warnings for the Reactive Power Setpoint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
8.3 Q at Night . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
8.3.1
Procedure for Control in "Q at Night" Mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .76
8.3.1.1
9
Selecting Parameter QoDQ-VarMod . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .76
8.3.1.2
No Q at Night: Off Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .77
8.3.1.3
Q at Night with Operation Command via Modbus Protocol: WCtlCom Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78
8.3.1.4
Q at Night with Absolute Value: VArCnst Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78
8.3.1.5
Q at Night as a Percentage of the Nominal Power: VArCnstNom Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78
8.3.1.6
Q at Night via Standard Signal: VArCnstNomAnIn Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78
8.3.1.7
Q at Night Depending on the Line Voltage: VArCtlVol Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .80
8.3.1.8
Measures for Voltage Support through Parameterization of Reactive Power/Voltage Characteristic Curve:
VArCtlVolHystDb Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81
Setting the Insulation Monitoring of the PV System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
9.1 Setting the Insulation Monitoring of the PV System with GFDI and an Insulation Monitoring Device. . . . . . 84
9.1.1
Safety during Insulation Monitoring of the PV System with GFDI and an Insulation Monitoring Device . . . . . .84
9.1.2
Switching to Insulated Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .84
9.1.3
Switching to Grounded Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85
9.2 Setting the Insulation Monitoring of the PV System with Remote GFDI and an Insulation
Monitoring Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
9.2.1
Information on Insulating PV Modules Equipped with Remote GFDI and Insulation Monitoring Device. . . . . .85
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9.2.2
Switching to Insulated Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85
9.2.3
Switching to Grounded Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85
9.3 Setting the Insulation Monitoring of the PV System with Remote Soft Grounding and an Insulation
Monitoring Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
9.3.1
Information on Insulating PV Modules Equipped with Remote Soft Grounding and Insulation Monitoring
Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86
9.3.2
Switching to Insulated Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86
9.3.3
Switching to Grounded Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86
10 Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .87
10.1 Safety during Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
10.2 Reading Off Error Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
10.2.1 Reading Off Error Messages via Touch Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .87
10.2.2 Reading Off Error Messages via the User Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .87
10.3 Acknowledging Error Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
10.3.1 Acknowledging Error Messages via the Key Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .87
10.3.2 Acknowledging Error Messages via the User Interface. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .88
10.4 Error Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
10.4.1 Behavior of the Sunny Central under Fault Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .88
10.4.2 Error Numbers 01xx to 13xx - Disturbance on the Utility Grid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90
10.4.3 Error Number 34xx to 40xx - Disturbance on PV Array . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91
10.4.4 Error Numbers 60xx to 90xx - Disturbance on the Sunny Central . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93
11 Operating Data. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .98
11.1 Sunny Central. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
11.1.1 Power Limitation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .98
11.1.2 Error Channels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99
11.1.3 Measured Values. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99
11.1.4 Internal Device Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .100
11.1.5 Internal Meters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .100
11.1.6 Service-Relevant Display Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .101
11.2 Sunny Central String-Monitor Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
11.2.1 Instantaneous Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .101
11.2.2 Internal Device Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .101
11.2.3 Status Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .102
11.3 Sunny String-Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
11.3.1 Instantaneous Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .102
11.3.2 Internal Device Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .102
11.3.3 Status Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .102
12 Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
12.1 Sunny Central. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
12.1.1 Power Limitation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103
12.1.2 Grid Monitoring/Grid Limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .111
12.1.3 Grid Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .114
12.1.4 Insulation Monitoring. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115
12.1.5 Internal Device Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .116
12.2 Sunny Central String-Monitor Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
12.3 Sunny String-Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
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13 Contact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
14 Revision History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
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1 Information on this Document
SMA America, LLC
1 Information on this Document
1.1 Validity
This document is valid for the following device types as of operation control unit firmware version 01.40.12.R and
DSP firmware version 01.40.17.R:
• SC 500CP-10 (Sunny Central 500CP XT)
• SC 630CP-10 (Sunny Central 630CP XT)
• SC 720CP-10 (Sunny Central 720CP XT)
• SC 760CP-10 (Sunny Central 760CP XT)
• SC 800CP-10 (Sunny Central 800CP XT)
• SC 850CP-10 (Sunny Central 850CP XT)
• SC 900CP-10 (Sunny Central 900CP XT)
The production version is indicated on the type label.
The firmware version can be read out via the user interface.
This document describes the operation of the Sunny Central and troubleshooting.
Figures in this document are reduced to the essential and may deviate from the real product.
1.2 Target Group
This document is intended for qualified persons. Only persons with the appropriate skills are allowed to perform the tasks
described in this document (see Section 2.3 "Skills of Qualified Persons", page 19).
1.3 Additional Information
Links to additional information are available at www.SMA-Solar.com.
Document title
Document type
Installation Requirements – Important Information on transport and installation for
Sunny Central 500CP XT/630CP XT/720CP XT/760CP XT/800CP XT/850CP XT/
900CP XT
Technical Information
Transformer Requirements - Important Requirements for Medium-Voltage Transformers and Technical Information
Transformers for Auxiliary Power Supply for SUNNY CENTRAL Inverters of the CP XT and
CP-JP Production Series
Communit ‒ Communication Distributor for Large-Scale PV Plants
Technical Information
Sunny Central Communication Controller ‒ Professional PV System Monitoring for
SUNNY CENTRAL Series CP XT
Technical Information
Q at Night
Technical Information
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1 Information on this Document
1.4 Symbols
Symbol
Explanation
'$1*(5
Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury
:$51,1*
Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, can result in death or serious injury
&$87,21
Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, can result in minor or moderate injury
/05*$&
Indicates a situation which, if not avoided, can result in property damage
Information that is important for a specific topic or goal, but is not safety-relevant
☐
Indicates a requirement for meeting a specific goal
☑
Desired result
✖
A problem that might occur
1.5 Typographies
Typography
Use
Bold
Example
• Select the parameter
ExlTrfErrEna and set to Off.
• Display messages
• Elements on a user interface
• Select the Parameters tab.
• Parameters
• Terminals
• Slots
• Elements to be selected
• Elements to be entered
>
• Connects several elements to be selected
• Select PV system > Detect.
[Button/Key]
• Button or key to be selected or pressed
• Select [Start detection].
1.6 Nomenclature
Complete designation
Designation in this document
SMA America Production, LLC
SMA
SMA Solar Technology Canada Inc.
SMA
Sunny Central CP XT
Sunny Central or inverter
Sunny Central Communication Controller
SC-COM
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1.7 Abbreviations
Abbreviation
Designation
Explanation
AC
Alternating Current
‒
DC
Direct Current
‒
ESD
Electrostatic Discharge
‒
FRT
Fault Ride-Through
Dynamic grid support
GFDI
Ground-Fault Detection Interruption
‒
IP
Internet Protocol
‒
LED
Light-Emitting Diode
‒
LVRT
Low-Voltage Ride-Through
Limited dynamic grid support
MPP
Maximum Power Point
‒
MSL
Mean Sea Level
‒
PC
Personal Computer
‒
PE
Protective Earth
Protective conductor
PV
Photovoltaics
‒
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2 Safety
2 Safety
2.1 Intended Use
The Sunny Central is a central inverter which converts the direct current from PV modules into alternating current.
This electric current is then fed into the utility grid via a suitable, external transformer.
The Sunny Central is suitable for outdoor installation provided that the specified safety distances are maintained.
The Sunny Central for station installation is suitable exclusively for indoor installation provided that the specified safety
distances are maintained. Inverters of the CP XT production series are only licensed for use in connection with a suitable
transformer and providing that the maximum permissible DC input voltage and the permitted ambient conditions are
observed (see Technical Data in the installation manual). The MV transformer must be designed for the voltages that arise
during the pulsed mode of the inverter.
The maximum AC voltages can reach the following magnitudes to ground:
• For inverter types SC 500CP XT / 630CP XT / 720CP XT / 760CP XT / 800CP XT, voltages can reach a maximum
of ±1,450 V to ground.
• For inverter type SC 850CP XT / 900CP XT, voltages can reach a maximum of ±1,600 V to ground.
For detailed information about the requirements of the external MV transformer, consult the technical description
"MV Transformer". This description can be found at www.SMA-America.com.
According to National Electrical Code® ANSI/NFPA 70, an AC and DC disconnect unit must be installed
In accordance with the National Electrical Code® ANSI/NFPA 70 and the Canadian Electrical Code,
the Sunny Central must be installed together with a DC and AC disconnect unit. Therefore, either the SMA Disconnect
Unit for DC and AC disconnection or an equivalent solution provided by another manufacturer must be used to meet
this requirement.
A description of the Disconnect Unit is available at www.SMA-America.com.
Do not disconnect or adjust settings that affect grid management services without first obtaining approval from the grid
operator.
The outdoor version of the inverter corresponds to enclosure type NEMA 3R and is suitable for operation in rain, sleet,
and snow.
Only persons fulfilling all of the skills for the target group are permitted to work on or with the Sunny Central.
For safety reasons, it is forbidden to modify the product or install components that are not explicitly recommended or
distributed by SMA for the product. Unauthorized modifications and installations will void all warranty claims.
All work on the Sunny Central must be performed using appropriate tools and in compliance with the ESD protection
regulations.
Suitable personal protective equipment is to be worn by all persons working on or with the Sunny Central.
Unauthorized persons must not operate the Sunny Central and must be kept at a safe distance from the Sunny Central.
The Sunny Central must not be operated with its doors open.
The Sunny Central must not be opened when it is raining or when humidity exceeds 95%.
The Sunny Central must not be operated with any technical defects.
The enclosed documentation is an integral part of this product. Keep the documentation in a convenient place for future
reference and observe all instructions contained therein.
Any use of the Sunny Central other than that described in the Intended Use section is not deemed to be intended use.
Any other application may cause personal injury or property damage. Unauthorized installations and modifications
compromise operational safety and void the operation permission and warranty claims.
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2 Safety
SMA America, LLC
2.2 Safety Precautions
This section contains safety precautions that must be observed at all times when working on or with the product.
To prevent personal injury and property damage and to ensure long-term operation of the product, read this section
carefully and follow all safety precautions at all times.
'$1*(5
Danger to life from electric shock due to live voltage
High voltages are present in the live components of the Sunny Central. Touching live components results in death or
serious injury due to electric shock.
• Always disconnect the inverter from voltage sources before opening it.
• Wear class 1 personal protective equipment.
• Always perform work in compliance with the regulations specified in 29 CFR, Chapter XVII, Part 1910 (OSHA),
NEC, and NFPA 70E. Do not touch any live components.
• Do not touch any live components of the inverter or the medium-voltage grid.
• After disconnecting the Sunny Central from voltage sources, wait at least 15 minutes for the capacitors of the
Sunny Central to discharge completely.
• Follow the instructions precisely.
• Observe all warning messages on the product and in the documentation.
• Observe all safety precautions of the module manufacturer.
• Provided live voltage is not absolutely necessary, always disconnect the following components from voltage
sources before performing any work on the inverter:
– Line voltage for grid feed-in
– Internal power supply
– DC voltage from the PV array
– Additional external voltages, e.g. control signals from a control room
• Ensure that no disconnected components can be reconnected.
• Before working on the Sunny Central, check that all devices are completely voltage-free.
• Ground and short-circuit.
• Cover or isolate any adjacent live components.
Danger to life from electric shock due to live DC cables
DC cables connected to PV modules that are exposed to sunlight carry live voltage. Touching live components results
in death or serious injury.
• Wear suitable personal protective equipment for all work on the Sunny Central.
• Prior to connecting the DC cables, ensure that the DC cables are voltage-free.
Danger to life from electric shock due to ground fault
If a ground fault has occurred, parts of the PV system that are supposedly grounded may in fact be live. Touching
incorrectly grounded components results in death or serious injuries from electric shock.
• Ensure that no voltage is present before touching any components of the PV system.
• Wear suitable personal protective equipment for all work on the Sunny Central.
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'$1*(5
Danger to life from electric shock when entering the PV field
The ground fault monitoring with GFDI, remote GFDI or soft grounding does not provide protection from personal injury
when GFDI is activated. PV modules which are grounded with GFDI discharge voltage to ground. Entering the PV field
can result in lethal electric shocks.
• Configure the PV system as a closed electrical operating area.
• Before entering the PV field, switch the PV array to insulated operation.
• Ensure that the insulation resistance of the PV array is greater than 1 k Ω .
Danger to life from electric shock if the Sunny Central is damaged
Operating a damaged Sunny Central can lead to hazardous situations that result in death or serious injuries due to
electric shock.
• Only use the Sunny Central when it is in a technically faultless condition and safe to operate.
• Regularly check the Sunny Central for visible damage.
• Make sure that all external safety equipment is freely accessible at all times.
• Make sure that all safety equipment is in good working order.
• Wear suitable personal protective equipment for all work on the Sunny Central.
Danger to life from electric shock even if the Sunny Central is disconnected on both AC and DC sides
The precharge unit of the option "Q at Night" will carry live voltage even if the AC contactor and the DC switching unit
are open. Touching live components of this assembly will result in death or serious injury.
• Do not touch any live components.
• Switch the Sunny Central off.
• After disconnecting the Sunny Central from voltage sources, wait at least 15 minutes for the capacitors to
discharge completely.
• Ensure that no voltage is present.
• Do not remove protective covers.
• Observe the warning messages.
• Wear personal protective equipment.
:$51,1*
Danger to life from electric shock if the Sunny Central is not locked
If the Sunny Central is not locked, unauthorized persons will have access to live components carrying lethal voltages.
Touching live components results in death or serious injury due to electric shock.
• Always close and lock the Sunny Central.
• Remove the keys from the door locks and from the key switch.
• Keep keys in a safe place.
• Ensure that unauthorized persons do not have access to the PV system.
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:$51,1*
Danger to life due to blocked escape routes
In hazardous situations, blocked escape routes can lead to death or serious injury. Opening the doors of two
Sunny Central inverters located opposite each other blocks the escape route. It is imperative that the escape route is
freely accessible at all times.
• An escape route with a passage width of at least 915 mm (36 in) must be available at all times.
• Do not place any objects in the escape route area.
• Remove all tripping hazards from escape routes.
• If two Sunny Central inverters have been installed facing each other, never open the doors of both inverters
simultaneously.
&$87,21
Risk of burns due to hot components
Some components of the Sunny Central can get very hot during operation. Touching these components can cause burns.
• Observe the warning messages on the devices.
• During operation, do not touch any components marked with such messages.
• After disconnecting the PV system from voltage sources, wait until hot components have cooled down sufficiently.
• Wear suitable personal protective equipment for all work on the Sunny Central.
/05*$&
Damage to electronic components due to electrostatic discharge
Electrostatic discharge can damage or destroy electronic components.
• When working on the Sunny Central and handling assemblies, observe all ESD safety regulations.
• Wear suitable personal protective equipment for all work on the devices.
• Discharge electrostatic charge by touching uncoated, grounded enclosure parts (e.g. near the grounding
connection on the doors). Only then is it safe to touch electronic components.
Damage to the Sunny Central due to dust or moisture penetration
Dust intrusion or moisture penetration can damage the Sunny Central or impair the functionality of the Sunny Central.
• Do not open the Sunny Central during rainfall or humidity of more than 95%.
• Only open the Sunny Central when the environment is dry and free of dust.
• Do not operate the Sunny Central with the door open.
Operation failure of the PV system due to incorrectly set parameters
If the parameter settings for grid management services are incorrect, the PV system may not be able to meet the
requirements of grid management services. This can mean that yield losses are incurred and the inverter has to be
disconnected by the grid operator.
• When setting the modes of grid management services, ensure that the control procedures agreed with the grid
operator are parameterized.
• If the PV system is operated with a Power Plant Controller, ensure that the modes for active power limitation and
reactive power control are selected to receive the control values from the Power Plant Controller.
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2.3 Skills of Qualified Persons
The tasks described in this document must be performed by qualified persons only. Qualified persons must have the
following skills:
• Knowledge of how a Sunny Central works and is operated
• Training in how to deal with the dangers and risks associated with installing and using electrical devices and systems
• Training in the installation and commissioning of electrical devices and systems
• Knowledge of all applicable standards and directives
• Knowledge of and adherence to this manual and all safety precautions
2.4 Personal Protective Equipment
Always wear suitable protective equipment
When working on the Sunny Central, always wear the appropriate personal protective equipment for the specific
job. In accordance with NEMA NFPA 70 E, protective equipment of at least class 1 is needed. Any other prescribed
protective equipment must also be used.
The following personal protective equipment is regarded by SMA to be the minimum requirement:
☐ In a dry environment, safety shoes of category S3 with perforation-proof soles and steel toe caps
☐ During precipitation or on moist ground, safety boots of category S5 with perforation-proof soles and steel toe caps
☐ Tight-fitting work clothes made of 100% cotton
☐ Suitable work pants
☐ Individually fitted hearing protection
☐ Safety gloves
Any other prescribed protective equipment must also be used.
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2.5 Warning Messages on the Sunny Central
This section describes the positions of the warning messages on the Sunny Central. The warning messages identify
potentially hazardous areas or components. Take note of the warning messages and where they are located prior to
working on the Sunny Central.
Figure 1:
Warning messages on the Sunny Central
Position
SMA order number
Designation
A
86-003464
Beware of dangerous voltage
B
86-003464
Beware of dangerous voltage
C
86-029687
Use hearing protection
D
86-05200
Beware of dangerous voltage
E
86-79615
Beware of a danger zone
F
86-0043474
Beware of dangerous voltage
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Position
SMA order number
Designation
G
86-00480020
Beware of dangerous voltage
H
86-10867023
Risk of electric shock from active power source
I
86-108670106
Risk of burns due to hot fuses under the cover
K
86-10867153
Dangerous touch voltage even when device is disconnected
86-0032311
Five safety rules
86-003314
Dangerous touch voltage - disconnect the components
L
86-004355
Risk of electric shock from active power source
M
86-0032311
Five safety rules
86-108670107
The negative terminal in the PV array is grounded in the inverter.
N
86-108670108
The positive terminal of the PV array is grounded in the inverter.
O
86-10867024
Inadvertent tripping due to modified settings
P
86-0032310
PV system protected by surge arresters
Q
86-108670104
Risk of electric shock from active power source
R
86-10867035
Wrong connection will destroy the device
S
86-0099
Position of grounding
T
86-108670105
Risk of burns due to hot components under the cover
U
86-10867150
Dangerous touch voltage even when device is disconnected
Replacing warning messages
Replace missing or damaged warning messages. These can be ordered from SMA using the SMA order number
stated above.
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3 Product Description
3.1 PV System Overview
The Sunny Central is a PV inverter which converts the direct current generated in the PV modules into grid-compliant
alternating current. An external MV transformer fitted downstream feeds the generated alternating current into the utility
grid.
A Disconnect Unit can be optionally installed between the Sunny Central and PV array as well as between the
Sunny Central and the MV transformer. This means that the Sunny Central can be disconnected easily and safely
whenever necessary.
Figure 2:
Principle of a grid-tie PV system with a Sunny Central
Position
Designation
A
PV array
B
String-Combiner Box
C
Sunny Central
D
Disconnect Unit*
E
MV transformer
F
Utility grid
* optional
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3.2 Sunny Central
3.2.1
Figure 3:
Design of the Sunny Central
Sunny Central (example)
Position
Designation
A
Inverter cabinet
B
Interface cabinet
C
Touch display
D
Service interface
E
Key switch
The Sunny Central is controlled via the Sunny Central Communication Controller (SC-COM). The grid management
service specifications from the grid operator can be implemented via a Power Reducer Box or the Power Plant Controller.
3.2.2
Type Label
The type label clearly identifies the product. There is one type label present in the Sunny Central. The type label is located
in the right-hand top corner at the inside of the interface cabinet.
You will require the information on the type label to use the product safely and when seeking customer support from the
SMA Service Line. The type label must remain permanently attached to the product.
Reading off the serial number
You can identify the serial number without opening the Sunny Central. The serial number is located on the
Sunny Central on the top left corner of the roof. You can also read off the serial number from the touch display.
Reading off the firmware version
You can read off the version number of the Sunny Central and touch display firmware via the user interface. You can
also read off the version number of the touch display firmware on the touch display.
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3.2.3
SMA America, LLC
Symbols on the Product
All symbols on the Sunny Central and the type label are explained below.
Symbol
24
Designation
Explanation
CE marking
The product complies with the requirements of the applicable
EU directives.
Protection class I
All electrical equipment is connected to the protective
conductor system of the product.
Degree of protection IP54
The product is protected against interior dust deposits and
splashing water from all angles.
Beware of a danger zone
This warning symbol highlights a danger zone. Be particularly
vigilant and cautious when working on the product.
Beware of dangerous voltage
The product operates at high voltages. All work on the
product must be carried out by qualified persons only.
Beware of hot surface
The product can get hot during operation. Avoid contact
during operation. Allow the product to cool down sufficiently
before carrying out any work. Wear personal protective
equipment such as safety gloves.
Use hearing protection.
The product generates loud noises. When working on the
product, wear hearing protection.
Observe the documentation.
Observe all documentation supplied with the product.
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3.2.4
3 Product Description
Operating Modes
The Sunny Central cycles through various states during operation:
Figure 4:
Principle overview of the operating states of the Sunny Central
Designation
Description
Stop
The Sunny Central is switched off. Stop, Fast stop or Remote shutdown active
will appear on the touch display.
If the key switch is set to Start, the Sunny Central switches to the operating state
"Grid monitoring".
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Designation
Description
Grid Monitoring
The Sunny Central is in the operating state "Grid monitoring". Waiting for valid AC
grid appears in the touch display.
The grid limits will be monitored continuously from now on. If a grid error does not
occur during the grid monitoring time, the AC contactor closes and the Sunny Central
switches to the operating state "Grid monitoring time reached".
If the grid limits are exceeded during the monitoring time, the Sunny Central will
restart "Grid monitoring".
With the option "Q at Night", the Sunny Central switches to the "Q at Night"
operating state if the time specified in the parameter PvStrT has elapsed and the
start voltage PvVtgStrLevMin has not been reached (see Section 3.8.8 "Q at
Night", page 41).
Grid Monitoring Time Reached
The Sunny Central is in the operating state "Grid monitoring time reached". Waiting
for PV voltage or Waiting for utilities company appears on the touch display.
If the input voltage VPV is higher than the start voltage PvVtgStrLevMin, the
Sunny Central will wait until the time specified in the parameter PvStrT has elapsed.
If the input voltage VPV does not fall below the start voltage PvVtgStrLevMin during
this time, the Sunny Central will check whether the AC grid is connected.
If a valid AC grid is connected, the Sunny Central switches to the operating state
"Startup".
The start voltage PvVtgStrLevMin must be adjusted to conform with the PV array
connected to the Sunny Central.
Startup
The Sunny Central is in the operating state "Startup". Operation appears in the
touch display.
In normal operation: active power ramp-up
The Sunny Central starts to feed-in power by means of a ramp. This means that the
Sunny Central will gradually increase the ratio of feed-in power per second by the
set value of the parameter WGra.
If you do not set this parameter, the Sunny Central will reach its maximum feed-in
power in 1 s (see Section 7.6, page 75).
After grid fault: decoupling protection ramp
After a grid fault, the Sunny Central restarts at a maximum of 10% nominal power
per minute using a decoupling protection ramp. You have the option of switching this
decoupling protection ramp on or off. If you deactivate the decoupling protection
ramp, the Sunny Central rapidly reverts to maximum power. If you wish to deactivate
the decoupling protection ramp, please consult the SMA Service Line.
The Sunny Central moves to its initial operating point and begins the feed-in process.
MPP Load Operation
In MPP operation, the Sunny Central feeds power into the utility grid and operates
permanently at the maximum power point (MPP). Operation and the rate of power
feed-in appear on the touch display.
If the measured power PPV during the time interval PvPwrMinT is less than the
minimum feed-in power PvPwrMin or the key switch is set to Stop,
the Sunny Central switches to the operating state "Shutdown".
With the order option "Q at Night", the Sunny Central switches to the operating state
"Q at Night" if the measured power PPV during the time interval PvPwrMinT is less
than the minimum feed-in power PvPwrMin (see Section 3.8.8 "Q at Night",
page 41).
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Designation
Description
Shutdown
The Sunny Central is in the operating state "Shutdown". Operation appears in the
touch display.
If the key switch is set to Stop, the Sunny Central switches to the operating state
"Stop". The AC contactor and the DC switchgear open automatically.
If the Sunny Central shuts down because the feed-in conditions are no longer met,
the Sunny Central switches to the operating state "Grid monitoring".
Disturbance
3.2.5
If a disturbance occurs during operation, the Sunny Central switches off and displays
the word Fault and the actual disturbance in the touch display (see Section 10
"Troubleshooting", page 87).
Touch Display
Different kinds of Sunny Central data can be viewed on the touch display. You cannot set any Sunny Central parameters
using the touch display, but only configure display settings such as language, time and brightness.
The display area is activated by touching the touch display. Tapping the symbols on the touch display activates the
corresponding functions. If the touch display has not been touched for five minutes, it will switch off.
3.2.6
Key Switch
The key switch is used to switch the Sunny Central on and off.
Switch Position "Start"
If the key switch is turned to Start, a motor drive automatically switches the DC switchgear on and the Sunny Central
switches from the operating state "Stop" to the operating state "Grid monitoring". Provided that there is sufficient
irradiation and a valid utility grid connection, the Sunny Central switches to feed-in operation. If there is insufficient
irradiation and the input voltage is therefore too low, the Sunny Central remains in the operating state "Grid monitoring".
With the "Q at Night" order option, the Sunny Central supports the utility grid with reactive power if the input voltage is
insufficient.
Switch Position "Stop"
If the key switch is turned to Stop while the Sunny Central is in the operating state "Grid monitoring", a motor drive
switches the DC switchgear off. The Sunny Central switches to the operating state "Stop".
If the key switch is turned to Stop while the Sunny Central is in the operating state "MPP load operation",
the Sunny Central switches to the operating state "Shutdown". Once the shutdown is complete, the AC contactor and the
DC switchgear are switched off automatically and the Sunny Central switches to the operating state "Stop".
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3.3 Sunny Central Communication Controller
The Sunny Central Communication Controller (SC-COM) is the central communication interface of the Sunny Central.
The SC-COM establishes the connection between the Sunny Central and the operator.
Figure 5:
SC-COM
Position
Designation
A
SC-COM
The SC-COM collects all data from the connected devices. The SC-COM enables monitoring, parameterization and
remote diagnosis of the Sunny Central via computer, as well as power control by the grid operator.
The various tasks performed by the SC-COM can be split in two separate networks:
• Monitoring network
This network is used for monitoring, parameterization and remote diagnosis.
• Control network
This network is used by the Power Reducer Box or SMA Power Plant Controller to transmit grid management
specifications issued by the grid operator to the Sunny Central. The use of the control network exclusively for grid
management services ensures that the setpoints will always be transmitted and implemented within the specified time
period.
If only a low data transfer rate is required for monitoring the PV system, the grid operator instructions can also be
transmitted via the monitoring network. In this case, only one network is required.
The SC-COM makes all the collected data available to the PV system operator via an Ethernet connection.
Copper cables or optical fibers can be used for the networks.
Type of communication of the PV system
The interface of the SC-COM is set by default to COM3 and the baud rate to 115200. Do not modify these settings.
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3.4 Sunny Central String-Monitor Controller
Depending on the order, the Sunny Central may be equipped with a Sunny Central String-Monitor Controller for
string-current monitoring. The Sunny Central String-Monitor Controller allows communication between the Sunny Central
String-Monitors and the Sunny Central.
Figure 6:
Sunny Central String-Monitor Controller
The Sunny Central String-Monitors measure the string currents via an integrated measurement PCB and continuously
calculate the average value of the string currents. The measurement PCB compares the string currents with the mean
values. If a string current exceeds or falls short of the specified tolerance for the mean value, a warning or error is
generated and displayed on the touch display and on the user interface.
3.5 Remote Shutdown
By means of remote shutdown, you can selectively shut down and switch off the Sunny Central within approximately six
seconds, for example, from a control room. The function of the remote shutdown is similar to the stop function of the key
switch.
If the remote shutdown function is activated from the control room while the Sunny Central is in the operating state
"Grid monitoring", a motor drive automatically shuts off the DC switchgear and the Sunny Central switches to the
operating state "Stop".
If the remote shutdown function is activated from the control room while the Sunny Central is in the operating state
"MPP load operation", the Sunny Central switches to the operating state "Shutdown". Once the shutdown is complete,
the AC contactor and the DC switchgear are switched off automatically and the Sunny Central switches to the operating
state "Stop".
The remote shutdown function is fail-safe and must be operated with an external 24 V voltage supply.
If 24 V is present in the remote shutdown, the Sunny Central continues to operate in the current operating state. If the
remote shutdown function is triggered or if a wire-break occurs, 0 V is present in the remote shutdown and the
Sunny Central switches from its current operating state to the operating state "Stop".
In order to be able to use the remote shutdown, the parameter ExlStrStpEna must be set to On.
3.6 External Fast Stop
The Sunny Central is equipped ex works with a fast stop input. You have the option of connecting an external switch to
this fast stop input which is activated via a 24 V signal .
The external fast stop disconnects the Sunny Central from the utility grid in less than 100 ms.
The Sunny Central is delivered ex works with open terminals. The following options are available for configuring the
external fast stop:
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• The external fast stop is deactivated:
The terminals of the active fast stop are bridged. The fast stop function is thus deactivated. You will need to bridge
the terminals if necessary.
• The external fast stop is operated via an internal 24 V supply:
An external latching switch (break contact) is connected to the Sunny Central terminals via the internal voltage
supply of the Sunny Central. When the switch is closed, the all-or-nothing relay is energized and the Sunny Central
feeds into the grid. If the fast stop is tripped, the switch opens and the relay is deactivated. The Sunny Central is
stopped and no longer feeds energy into the grid.
• The external fast stop is operated with external 24 V supply:
An external latching switch (break contact) is connected to the Sunny Central terminals via an external 24 V voltage
supply. When the switch is closed, the all-or-nothing relay is energized and the Sunny Central feeds into the grid.
If the fast stop is tripped, the switch opens and the relay is deactivated. The Sunny Central is stopped and no longer
feeds energy into the grid.
Tripping the fast stop
The fast stop should only be tripped in case of imminent danger. The tripping of the fast stop does not entail fast
discharge of the capacitors. If you wish to use an external signal to switch the Sunny Central off in a controlled
manner, you should use the input of the remote shutdown function.
3.7 Insulation Monitoring and Ground-Fault Monitoring
The different types of insulation and ground-fault monitoring are described in this section. The type of Sunny Central
insulation and ground-fault monitoring depends on the order option.
3.7.1
Mode of Operation
The insulation and ground-fault monitoring ensure system protection. The type of monitoring depends on whether the
PV array is grounded or not.
In Grounded PV Arrays
The ground-fault monitoring is implemented by means of a residual-current monitoring device. If a ground fault occurs,
the residual currents will be detected and interrupted.
• Ground fault on the ungrounded terminal
If a ground fault occurs on the ungrounded terminal of the PV array, the normally ungrounded terminal of the
PV array will not be specifically grounded by the ground fault and a residual current will flow to the grounded
terminal. This residual current flows through the ground fault monitoring unit, e.g. GFDI, and triggers the ground fault
monitoring.
• Ground fault on the grounded terminal
The GFDI is bypassed when a ground fault occurs on the grounded terminal of the PV array. A ground fault on the
grounded terminal cannot be reliably detected. If an undetected ground fault occurs on the grounded terminal, this
will pose a safety risk. A further ground fault occurring on the ungrounded terminal will lead to high residual currents
that cannot be interrupted by the ground-fault monitoring unit.
Information:
In order to ensure the residual current monitoring function in grounded systems, the PV array insulation must be
checked at regular intervals. It is therefore advisable to use an additional insulation monitoring device in
grounded systems. This will enable the insulation to be checked at regular intervals.
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In Ungrounded PV Arrays
An insulation monitoring device constantly determines the insulation resistance using an active measurement procedure.
As soon as the insulation resistance falls below the warning threshold specified in the insulation monitoring device, an
insulation warning will be given on the touch display. As a result, preventative measures can be taken before errors occur
such as risk to personnel due to leakage currents or system failure. If the insulation resistance falls below the configured
warning threshold, the system may deactivate. Use the parameter IsoErrIgn to activate or deactivate the disconnection
process under fault conditions.
3.7.2
Ground-Fault Monitoring in Grounded PV Arrays
3.7.2.1
Ground Fault Detection and Interruption (GFDI)
Depending on the order option, ground-fault monitoring in the Sunny Central will be carried out via ground fault detection
and interruption. This grounds one terminal of the PV array.
GFDI is performed via a high-performance K-type circuit breaker with adjustable operating current. The GFDI is integrated
in the Sunny Central and connected between an input busbar and the grounding busbar.
Figure 7:
GFDI in the Sunny Central
Position
Designation
A
GFDI
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3.7.2.2
SMA America, LLC
Remote GFDI
Depending on the order option, ground fault monitoring in the Sunny Central is carried out via ground fault detection and
interruption with motor drive, in short "remote GFDI". This grounds one terminal of the PV array. Remote GFDI also
provides an option for automatic error processing. This reduces downtimes and avoids service calls due to temporary
insulation errors such as condensation on the PV modules.
Remote GFDI is performed via a high-performance K-type circuit breaker with adjustable operating current. The
remote GFDI is integrated in the Sunny Central and connected between an input busbar and the grounding busbar.
Figure 8:
Remote GFDI in the Sunny Central
If the remote GFDI triggers, a temporary error will first be assumed and the motor will close the remote GFDI after a
defined delay. No external switch command is required to close the triggered remote GFDI. The Sunny Central will then
switch back to feed-in operation after a defined delay.
In the default setting of the Sunny Central, the software will attempt to start the remote GFDI up to three times per day.
If the remote GFDI triggers on several consecutive days, the software will assume that a permanent insulation error has
occurred, and the Sunny Central will no longer revert to operation. In this case, a qualified person will need to check and,
if necessary, repair the insulation and then acknowledge the error.
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3.7.2.3
3 Product Description
Soft Grounding
Depending on the order option, the Sunny Central can also monitor for ground faults via soft grounding. This process
grounds one terminal of the PV array via a resistor. The PV system is configured as a closed electrical operating area.
Figure 9:
Soft grounding in the Sunny Central
If a ground fault occurs at the ungrounded terminal of the PV array, a residual current will occur through the soft
grounding resistor. The residual current increases the voltage of the grounded terminal to ground potential. This enables
monitoring of the insulation with soft grounding using a voltage measurement at the soft grounding resistor.
If the measured voltage exceeds a specified threshold, the PV array grounding will be overridden and the residual current
interrupted.
If a soft grounding fault occurs, the Sunny Central will stop operating. A qualified person is required to check and,
if necessary, repair the insulation and reactivate the Sunny Central via the reset button.
It is not possible to detect an insulation error on the grounded pole.
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3.7.3
3.7.3.1
SMA America, LLC
Insulation Monitoring
Insulation Monitoring Device
Depending on the order option, an insulation monitoring device monitors the insulation resistance of the PV system in
ungrounded PV arrays.
In the operating state "MPP load operation", the insulation resistance of the entire system, from the PV array to the
MV transformer, will be measured.
If the Sunny Central is in the operating state "Grid monitoring", only the insulation resistance from the PV array to the
Sunny Central will be measured.
Figure 10: Insulation monitoring device in the Sunny Central
A measuring circuit and a relay with a change-over contact are integrated in the insulation monitoring device.
The insulation monitoring device is connected between the PV voltage and the grounding conductor. The contacts of the
relay are routed to the customer terminal plate and can be used by the customer to trip a signal light or siren. The
characteristics of the relay are indicated in the circuit diagram.
If the insulation resistance falls below the configured warning threshold ALARM2, the measuring circuit closes and LED
2 on the insulation measuring device lights up. The error message 3601 ‒ Warning insulation error appears.
Simultaneously, the insulation monitoring device activates the relay with changeover contact. This relay is integrated in
the Sunny Central.
If an insulation error occurs, the insulation resistance falls below the ALARM1 threshold. In this case the operating
behavior of the Sunny Central can be set via parameters as follows:
• If the parameter IsoErrIgn is set to Off, the measuring circuit will issue an error once the insulation resistance has
fallen below the ALARM1 threshold. The Sunny Central switches off and issues the error message
3501 ‒ Insulation error. LED 1 is glowing.
• If the parameter IsoErrIgn is set to On and the insulation resistance falls below the ALARM1 threshold, the error
message from the measuring circuit will be ignored. The Sunny Central continues to feed into the grid and generates
the error message 3504 ‒ Insulation error ignored.
• If the parameter IsoErrIgn is set to Run and the insulation resistance falls below the ALARM1 threshold, the error
message from the measuring circuit will only be ignored if the inverter is in feed-in operation. In feed-in operation,
the Sunny Central continues to feed in and issues the error message 3504 ‒ Insulation error ignored. If the
insulation resistance falls below the ALARM1 threshold in another operating state, the error is not ignored and the
Sunny Central will not go into feed-in operation. The error message 3501 ‒ Insulation error appears on the touch
display. LED 1 is glowing.
Type of insulation monitoring device used
The insulation monitoring device used is the A-ISOMETER iso-PV3 with AGH-PV device supplied by Bender GmbH & Co. KG.
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3.7.4
3.7.4.1
3 Product Description
Combined Insulation and Ground-Fault Monitoring
GFDI and Insulation Monitoring Device
With the order option "GFDI and Insulation Monitoring", it is possible to temporarily disable the PV array grounding and
to check the insulation via the integrated insulation monitoring device.
When the GFDI is closed, the PV array is grounded. In this state, the insulation resistance cannot be determined.
When the GFDI is open, grounding is disabled. In this state, the insulation monitoring device continuously measures the
insulation resistance. In the operating state "MPP load operation", the insulation resistance of the entire system, from the
PV array to the MV transformer, will be measured. If the Sunny Central is in the operating state "Grid monitoring", only
the insulation resistance from the PV array to the Sunny Central will be measured.
Insulation monitoring should be performed in the operating state "MPP load operation" so that all sections of the
PV system are included in the insulation measurement.
The parameter for insulation monitoring allows you to configure how an error message in the insulation monitoring device
will affect the operating behavior of the Sunny Central:
• If the parameter IsoErrIgn is set to Off, the measuring circuit will issue an error once the insulation resistance has
fallen below the ALARM1 threshold. The Sunny Central switches off and issues the error message
3501 ‒ Insulation error. LED 1 is glowing.
• If the parameter IsoErrIgn is set to On and the insulation resistance falls below the ALARM1 threshold, the error
message from the measuring circuit will be ignored. The Sunny Central continues to feed into the grid and generates
the error message 3504 ‒ Insulation error ignored.
• If the parameter IsoErrIgn is set to Run and the insulation resistance falls below the ALARM1 threshold, the error
message from the measuring circuit will only be ignored if the inverter is in feed-in operation. In feed-in operation,
the Sunny Central continues to feed in and issues the error message 3504 ‒ Insulation error ignored. If the
insulation resistance falls below the ALARM1 threshold in another operating state, the error is not ignored and the
Sunny Central will not go into feed-in operation. The error message 3501 ‒ Insulation error appears on the touch
display. LED 1 is glowing.
Insulation Monitoring
The insulation monitoring device will start measuring once the GFDI is open. The insulation monitoring device will initially
assume that the insulation is poor. If the parameter IsoErrIgn is set to Off, the Sunny Central will switch off temporarily.
The insulation monitoring device detects the correct insulation resistance after approximately five minutes. The value of
the insulation resistance can be read off the display of the insulation monitoring device or the user interface in the
instantaneous value Riso. If the insulation is intact, the Sunny Central switches back to the operating state "MPP load
operation." Once the insulation monitoring process is complete, the GFDI should be closed again so that the PV array
reverts to grounded operation.
If after approximately five minutes one of the errors 3501 ‒ Insulation error, 3504 ‒ Insulation error ignored, or
3601 ‒ Warning insulation error is displayed, the insulation is defective. In this case, a qualified person will need to
check and, if necessary, repair the insulation and then acknowledge the error.
Type of insulation monitoring device used
The insulation monitoring device used is the A-ISOMETER iso-PV3 with AGH-PV device supplied by Bender GmbH & Co. KG.
3.7.4.2
Remote GFDI and Insulation Monitoring Device
With the order option "Remote GFDI and Insulation Monitoring", it is possible to automatically correct faults which have
occurred, to temporarily disable the grounding connection of the PV array and to check the insulation with the integrated
insulation monitoring device.
When the remote GFDI is closed, the PV array is grounded. In this state, the insulation resistance cannot be determined.
If the remote GFDI triggers, initially a temporary error will be assumed and a motor drive will close the remote GFDI after
a defined delay. No external switch command is required to close the triggered remote GFDI. The Sunny Central will
then switch back to feed-in operation after a defined delay.
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In the default setting of the Sunny Central, the software will attempt to start the remote GFDI up to three times per day.
If the remote GFDI triggers on several consecutive days, the software will assume that a permanent insulation error has
occurred, and the Sunny Central will no longer revert to operation. In this case, a qualified person will need to check and,
if necessary, repair the insulation and then acknowledge the error.
When the remote GFDI is open, the grounding connection is disabled. In this state, the insulation monitoring device
continuously measures the insulation resistance. In the operating state "MPP load operation", the insulation resistance of
the entire system, from the PV array to the MV transformer, will be measured. If the Sunny Central is in the operating state
"Grid monitoring", only the insulation resistance from the PV array to the Sunny Central will be measured.
Insulation monitoring should be performed in the operating state "MPP load operation" so that all sections of the
PV system are included in the insulation measurement.
The parameter for insulation monitoring allows you to configure how an error message in the insulation monitoring device
will affect the operating behavior of the Sunny Central:
• If the parameter IsoErrIgn is set to Off, the measuring circuit will issue an error once the insulation resistance has
fallen below the ALARM1 threshold. The Sunny Central switches off and issues the error message
3501 ‒ Insulation error. LED 1 is glowing.
• If the parameter IsoErrIgn is set to On and the insulation resistance falls below the ALARM1 threshold, the error
message from the measuring circuit will be ignored. The Sunny Central continues to feed into the grid and generates
the error message 3504 ‒ Insulation error ignored.
• If the parameter IsoErrIgn is set to Run and the insulation resistance falls below the ALARM1 threshold, the error
message from the measuring circuit will only be ignored if the inverter is in feed-in operation. In feed-in operation,
the Sunny Central continues to feed in and issues the error message 3504 ‒ Insulation error ignored. If the
insulation resistance falls below the ALARM1 threshold in another operating state, the error is not ignored and the
Sunny Central will not go into feed-in operation. The error message 3501 ‒ Insulation error appears on the touch
display. LED 1 is glowing.
Insulation Monitoring
To disable the grounding of the PV array, the RemMntSvc parameter must be set to On. This enables the remote GFDI
to be opened by a motor drive.
If the remote GFDI has been opened by a motor drive via the RemMntSvc parameter, the insulation monitoring device
will start measuring after the delay defined in the IsoMeasDly parameter has elapsed. This allows the insulation
monitoring device to determine the insulation resistance without interrupting the feed-in operation. If an insulation error is
present, this will be taken into account at the end of the delay time.
Once the insulation monitoring process is complete, the parameter RemMntSvc should be set to Off, thus switching the
PV array to grounded operation.
If, after approximately five minutes, one of the errors 3501 ‒ Insulation error, 3504 ‒ Insulation error ignored,
or 3601 ‒ Warning insulation error is displayed, the insulation is defective. In this case, a qualified person will need
to check and, if necessary, repair the insulation and then acknowledge the error.
Type of insulation monitoring device used
The insulation monitoring device used is the A-ISOMETER iso-PV3 with AGH-PV device supplied by Bender GmbH & Co. KG.
3.7.4.3
Remote Soft Grounding and Insulation Monitoring Device
With the order option "Remote Soft Grounding and Insulation Monitoring", it is possible to detect any faults that have
occurred, to disable the grounding of the PV array by remote, and to check the insulation with the integrated insulation
monitoring device.
When the remote soft grounding is closed, the PV array is grounded. In this state, the insulation resistance cannot be
determined.
If the remote soft grounding triggers, initially a temporary error will be assumed and the remote soft grounding will be
closed again by a relay after a defined delay. No external starting command is required to close the triggered remote
soft grounding. The Sunny Central will then switch back to feed-in operation after a defined delay.
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In the default setting, the Sunny Central software will attempt to start the remote soft grounding up to three times per day.
If the remote soft grounding triggers on several consecutive days, the software will assume that a permanent insulation
error has occurred and the Sunny Central will no longer revert to operation. In this case, a qualified person will need to
check and, if necessary, repair the insulation and then acknowledge the error.
When the remote soft grounding is open, the grounding connection is disabled. In this state, the insulation monitoring
device continuously measures the insulation resistance. In the operating state "MPP load operation", the insulation
resistance of the entire system, from the PV array to the MV transformer, will be measured. If the Sunny Central is in the
operating state "Grid monitoring", only the insulation resistance from the PV array to the Sunny Central will be measured.
Insulation monitoring should be performed in the operating state "MPP load operation" so that all sections of the
PV system are included in the insulation measurement.
The parameter for insulation monitoring allows you to configure how an error message in the insulation monitoring device
will affect the operating behavior of the Sunny Central:
• If the parameter IsoErrIgn is set to Off, the measuring circuit will issue an error once the insulation resistance has
fallen below the ALARM1 threshold. The Sunny Central switches off and issues the error message
3501 ‒ Insulation error. LED 1 is glowing.
• If the parameter IsoErrIgn is set to On and the insulation resistance falls below the ALARM1 threshold, the error
message from the measuring circuit will be ignored. The Sunny Central continues to feed into the grid and generates
the error message 3504 ‒ Insulation error ignored.
• If the parameter IsoErrIgn is set to Run and the insulation resistance falls below the ALARM1 threshold, the error
message from the measuring circuit will only be ignored if the inverter is in feed-in operation. In feed-in operation,
the Sunny Central continues to feed in and issues the error message 3504 ‒ Insulation error ignored. If the
insulation resistance falls below the ALARM1 threshold in another operating state, the error is not ignored and the
Sunny Central will not go into feed-in operation. The error message 3501 ‒ Insulation error appears on the touch
display. LED 1 is glowing.
Insulation Monitoring
To disable the grounding of the PV array, the RemMntSvc parameter must be set to On. The remote soft grounding will
then be opened via a high-voltage relay.
If the remote soft grounding has been opened by a relay via the RemMntSvc parameter, the insulation monitoring device
will start measuring after the period defined by the IsoMeasDly parameter has elapsed. This allows the insulation
monitoring device to determine the insulation resistance without interrupting the feed-in operation. If an insulation error is
present, this will be taken into account at the end of the delay time.
Once the insulation monitoring process is complete, the parameter RemMntSvc should be set to Off, thus switching the
PV array to grounded operation.
If, after approximately five minutes, one of the errors 3501 ‒ Insulation error, 3504 ‒ Insulation error ignored,
or 3601 ‒ Warning insulation error is displayed, the insulation is defective. In this case, a qualified person will need
to check and, if necessary, repair the insulation and then acknowledge the error.
Type of insulation monitoring device used
The insulation monitoring device used is the A-ISOMETER iso-PV3 with AGH-PV device supplied by Bender GmbH & Co. KG.
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3.8 Grid Management Services
3.8.1
Requirements
Since there is a growing number of PV systems feeding into the utility grid, the PV systems increasingly have to take on
feed-in management functions. In Germany, for example, they have to offer grid management services. First and foremost,
the grid operator must be able to limit the power of the PV system by remote control and temporarily reduce it to zero in
critical cases. Any relevant control commands issued by the grid operator must therefore be transmitted to the
Sunny Central quickly and reliably for implementation.
The following figure shows how the specifications of the grid operator are implemented. The Power Reducer Box or
Power Plant Controller sends the specifications of the grid operator to the Sunny Central.
Figure 11: Principle of grid integration
As an alternative to the Power Reducer Box or Power Plant Controller, there are two other ways of providing grid
management services:
• Reception of the signals via two analog inputs on the Sunny Central
• Manual configuration of the specifications via parameters on the Sunny Central
3.8.2
Active Power Limitation
Active power can be limited independent of power frequency by five different methods. The limits can be configured via
a parameter or supplied by the grid operator as an external signal (see Section 8.1.2 "Frequency-Independent Active
Power Limitation", page 63).
In addition to these methods, active power can also be limited as a function of power frequency.
3.8.3
Reactive Power Setpoint
The Sunny Central can provide reactive power. There are eleven different methods for setpoint specification.
These include entering a fixed parameter, processing an external signal from the grid operator or specifying the reactive
power using adjustable characteristic curve parameters (see Section 8.2, page 66).
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3 Product Description
Behavior in the Absence of Active and Reactive Power Setpoints
In the event of failure of setpoint specifications for active and reactive power control, the Sunny Central is capable of
bridging the gap in one of two ways:
• Use of the last setpoint specifications: As long as the Sunny Central does not receive any updated setpoint
specifications, it will utilize the last value received (in case of setpoint specification via communication) and the last
valid mean value (in case of analog setpoints).
• Use of proxy values: As long as the Sunny Central does not receive any updated setpoint specifications, it will utilize
the specified proxy values for active power limitation, reactive power specification and displacement power factor.
In this case, different proxy values can be configured for feed-in operation and grid monitoring.
The parameter PwrMonErrMod is used to configure whether the last setpoint specifications (LastVal) or the configured
proxy values (SubVal) are to be utilized. This setting will be valid for both active and reactive power setpoints.
The proxy values are used when the time since receiving the last valid signal for setpoint specifications as defined in the
parameter PwrMonErrTm has elapsed.
3.8.5
Full and Limited Dynamic Grid Support (FRT)
With full dynamic grid support, the Sunny Central supports the utility grid during a brief grid voltage drop by feeding in
reactive current. In this case, the behavior of the Sunny Central depends on the percentage ratio of the line voltage VGrid
to nominal voltage V.
With limited dynamic grid support, the Sunny Central interrupts grid feed-in during the grid voltage drop.
Figure 12: Maximum duration of a voltage dip that the Sunny Central can bridge without disconnecting from the utility grid
Ratio VGrid/V
Behavior of the Sunny Central
90% to 100%
The ratio of line voltage VGrid to nominal voltage V is in the normal range and the Sunny Central
feeds in without any problem.
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Ratio VGrid/V
Behavior of the Sunny Central
20% to 90%
The ratio of line voltage VGrid to nominal voltage V is in the critical range. There is a disturbance
in the utility grid. While this disturbance is present, the Sunny Central supports the utility grid with
reactive current. The Sunny Central can bridge disturbances of up to 5 s without disconnecting
from the utility grid. If the configured grid monitoring time is exceeded during this period,
the Sunny Central disconnects from the utility grid.
0% to 20%
The ratio of line voltage VGrid to nominal voltage V is in the critical range. There is a disturbance
in the utility grid. While this disturbance is present, the Sunny Central supports the utility grid with
reactive current. The Sunny Central can bridge disturbances of up to 1.2 s without disconnecting
from the utility grid. The VGrid/V ratio before the error occurred must have amounted to at least
90%.
If the configured grid monitoring time is exceeded during this period, the Sunny Central
disconnects from the utility grid.
The dynamic grid support function is configured via the parameter FRTEna. The level of reactive current provided with
full dynamic grid support is determined via the parameter FRTArGraNom.
For the "Q at Night" order option, limited dynamic grid support is available in the operating state "Q at Night".
3.8.6
Decoupling Protection Ramp
After a grid fault, the Sunny Central restarts at a maximum of 10% nominal power per minute using a decoupling
protection ramp. You have the option of switching this decoupling protection ramp on or off. If you deactivate the
decoupling protection ramp, the Sunny Central rapidly reverts to maximum power.
If you wish to deactivate the decoupling protection ramp, please consult the SMA Service Line.
3.8.7
Grid Management Shutdown
If the utility grid becomes unstable, grid management service requires that the Sunny Central disconnects from the utility
grid immediately to avoid grid overload. In this event a corresponding Modbus signal will be provided by the grid
operator or the safety system of the grid transfer point. The Sunny Central disconnects from the utility grid immediately
and displays the error 9013. The error will be reset in the Sunny Central after a signal is provided by the grid operator
or the safety system for the grid transfer point.
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3 Product Description
Q at Night
With the order option "Q at Night", the Sunny Central can provide reactive power in order to stabilize the utility grid
during non-feed-in operation, e.g. at night. This function is independent of normal feed-in operation.
Only limited dynamic grid support is available in the operating state "Q at Night".
Figure 13: Principle overview of the operating states of the Sunny Central in the operating state "Q at Night"
If the AC power generated by the inverter falls below 5 kW, the inverter switches from feed-in operation to "Q at Night"
operation. The inverter feeds in reactive power in accordance with the parameters set. Since this status can also occur
during the day, the DC switchgear remains closed at first in order to avoid unnecessary switching of the DC switchgear.
If the inverter has been in the "Q at Night" operation for one hour or the DC current falls below 60 A, the DC switchgear
opens. The inverter continues to feed in reactive power.
If reactive power feed-in is interrupted after a grid fault and the AC contactor was opened while the DC switchgear is
open, the DC circuit is initially pre-charged. This reduces the stress on the electronic components. This procedure requires
a maximum of one minute. Once the DC circuit is sufficiently pre-charged, the AC contactor is closed and the inverter
monitors the grid limits. If all of the feed-in requirements are met, the inverter starts reactive power feed-in again within
one minute.
While the inverter is feeding in reactive power, the inverter monitors at the same time whether the conditions for active
power feed-in have been met. If the feed-in requirements are met, the inverter closes the DC switchgear and switches to
feed-in operation.
The amount of reverse current is set by default to − 60 A in the parameter QoDInvCurPv to protect the PV array.
This value should be adjusted according to the maximum permissible reverse current of the PV array.
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3.9 Islanding Detection
3.9.1
Active Islanding Detection
The islanding detection function detects the formation of stand-alone grids and disconnects the Sunny Central from the
utility grid.
Islanding can occur when at the time of utility grid failure the load in the shut-down sub-grid is roughly equivalent to the
current feed-in power of the PV system.
With active islanding detection, the Sunny Central continuously checks the stability of the utility grid by actively attempting
to influence the power frequency.
If the utility grid is intact, this has no impact on the utility grid. The power frequency can only be influenced if a stand-alone
grid has been established. In this case, the frequency change is sufficient to exceed the configured frequency limits and
the Sunny Central disconnects from the utility grid (see Section 7.3 "Setting Power Frequency Monitoring", page 57).
To enable the "Active Islanding Detection" function, contact the SMA Service Line.
3.9.2
Passive Islanding Detection
Depending on the order option, the Sunny Central may be equipped with passive islanding detection. The islanding
detection function detects the formation of stand-alone grids and disconnects the Sunny Central from the utility grid.
Islanding can occur when at the time of utility grid failure the load in the shut-down sub-grid is roughly equivalent to the
current feed-in power of the PV system.
Unlike active islanding detection, with passive islanding detection the utility grid is not actively influenced, simply passively
monitored. The speed of frequency change is monitored. A grid monitoring relay is integrated in the Sunny Central for
this purpose. This relay monitors the utility grid and sends a signal to the Sunny Central if a fault has occurred.
If the power frequency changes by a certain amount in a certain time, a stand-alone grid is detected and the
Sunny Central disconnects from the utility grid. The magnitude of frequency change and the time in which this change
must take place can be configured via parameters on the grid monitoring relay.
The response times for passive islanding detection are generally shorter than for active islanding detection.
3.10 Low-Temperature Option
With the "Low-temperature option", the operating temperature range is expanded from ‒40°C to +62°C (‒40°F to
+144°F), however, the Sunny Central will only maintain feed-in operation to ‒25°C (‒13°F). If the ambient temperature
falls below ‒25°C (‒13°F), the Sunny Central switches to the operating state "Stop" and the additionally installed
heating system is activated. As soon as the ambient temperature exceeds ‒20°C (‒4°F), the Sunny Central resumes
feed-in operation.
3.11 Schematic Diagram
Schematic diagrams in PDF format contain jump marks. By double clicking a jump mark, the display will change to the
corresponding current path or the referenced place in the equipment list.
SMA recommends using schematic diagrams in PDF format for troubleshooting. The schematic diagrams in PDF format
are available on request. Contact the SMA Service Line.
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4 Touch Display
4 Touch Display
4.1 Touch Display Layout
The touch display of the Sunny Central is used to display instantaneous values and parameter settings.
The functions are activated by tapping on the appropriate symbols on the touch display.
The touch display is divided into three areas.
Figure 14: Touch display areas
Position
Designation
A
Status info line
B
Information area
C
Navigation line
4.2 Explanation of Symbols
4.2.1
Status Info Line
Figure 15: Structure of the status info line
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Position
Designation
A
Number of the active menu
B
Symbol showing whether you are logged in as an installer and can change settings.
C
Date and time display
4.2.2
Information Area
Main Menu
You can access the following sub-menus and screens from the main menu:
Symbol
Designation
Explanation
E-today line graph
Select this symbol to see the energy fed in on the current day in kWh.
Bar chart
Select this symbol to see the energy fed in over the last 14 days in kWh.
DC side
Select this symbol to see the following instantaneous values:
• PV power in W
• Insulation resistance in Ω
• PV current in A
• PV voltage in V
The
symbol also appears on the page which now opens. Select this symbol
to see the sub-menu level diagrams.
DC-side string-current
monitoring
Select this symbol to see the following instantaneous values depending on the
type of string-current monitoring:
• DC currents of the individual Sunny String-Monitors
This symbol appears once you
have selected the symbol
Switch on DC or AC side
closed
.
If you see this symbol between the "DC side" symbol and the "Inverter data"
symbol, the DC switchgear is closed.
If you see this symbol between the "Inverter data" symbol and the "AC side"
symbol, the AC contactor is closed.
Switch on DC or AC side
open
If you see this symbol between the "DC side" symbol and the "Inverter data"
symbol, the DC switchgear is open.
If you see this symbol between the "Inverter data" symbol and the "AC side"
symbol, the AC contactor is open.
Status of switches on DC
or AC side unknown
If you see this symbol between the "DC side" symbol and the "Inverter data"
symbol, the switch status of the DC switchgear is not known.
If you see this symbol between the "AC side" symbol and the "Inverter data"
symbol, the switch status of the AC contactor is not known.
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Symbol
4 Touch Display
Designation
Explanation
Inverter data
Select this symbol to see the following data:
• Device type
• Operating state
• Symbol for utility grid menu
• Symbol for temperature display
• Symbol for fan display
AC side
Select this symbol to see the following instantaneous values:
• Active power in W
• Reactive power in VAr
• Power frequency in Hz
• Alternating current in A
• AC voltage in V
Grid
Select this symbol to see the following data on the first page of the menu:
• Active mode for active power limitation (see Section 8.1.2, page 63)
• Target active power in kW
• Actual active power in kW
Select
to see the following data on the second page of the menu:
• Active mode for reactive power setpoint (see Section 8.2, page 66)
• Target reactive power in VAr
• Target displacement power factor cos phi
• Target excitation type of the displacement power factor
• Actual reactive power in VAr
• Actual displacement power factor cos phi
• Actual excitation type of the displacement power factor
Settings Menu
To access the settings menu, press the required symbol in the navigation bar.
Symbol Designation
Explanation
Language selection
Select this symbol to open the language selection menu (see Section 4.3, page 46).
Brightness setting
Select this symbol to open the brightness setting menu (see Section 4.6, page 47).
Time setting
Select this symbol to open the time setting menu (see Section 4.4, page 47).
Format selection
Select this symbol to open the format selection menu (see Section 4.4, page 47).
Password entry
Select this symbol to open the password entry menu (see Section 4.7, page 47).
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4 Touch Display
SMA America, LLC
Diagrams of the Main Menu Level and Sub-Menu Level
Number of the active menu
Data displayed
103
Energy fed in by the Sunny Central on the current day
104
Energy fed in by the Sunny Central over the last 14 days
132 to 133
Group currents of the individual Sunny String-Monitors
140 to 146
String currents of the individual Sunny String-Monitors
4.2.3
Navigation Line
Symbol Designation
Description
Back
Select this symbol to go back to the previous page.
Homepage
Select this symbol to go to the homepage.
Settings
Select this symbol to access the following symbols:
Information
•
- Language selection
•
- Brightness setting
•
- Time setting
•
- Format selection
•
- Password entry
Select this symbol to see the following information:
• OS: version of the operating system
• App.: version of the application software
• Language: selected language
• Ser. No.: serial number of the Sunny Central
Error
This symbol appears when an error occurs.
The symbol
is displayed once in the symbol for the section of the PV system where the
error has occurred and again in the menu bar.
Select this symbol from the menu bar to see the following data:
• ErrNo: error number
• TmsRmg: time until reconnection
• Msg: error message
• Dsc: corrective measure
Service
The "telephone" symbol appears when you are advised to contact the SMA Service Line.
The "tool" symbol appears when you are advised to have the error corrected by your
installer. Contact your installer.
4.3 Selecting the Language
1. Select
.
2. Select
.
3. Use the country symbol to select the language.
4. Confirm your entry by selecting
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4 Touch Display
4.4 Changing the Date, Time, and Time Zone
SC-COM adopts changes
The SC-COM will accept date, time or time zone changes made on the touch display.
Procedure:
1. Select
.
2. Select
.
3. To change the date, select the day, month and year in the
month and year.
field. Use the
4. To change the time, select the hour, minute and second in the
and seconds.
5. To change the time zone, select a time zone in the field
field. Use
. Use the
and
and
and
buttons to change the day,
to change the hours, minutes
buttons to change the time zone.
4.5 Selecting the Display Format
1. Select
.
2. Select
.
3. Select the date format.
4. Select the hour format.
5. Select the number format.
6. Confirm your entry by selecting
.
4.6 Setting the Brightness
1. Select
.
2. Select
.
3. Set the display brightness. Select
4. Confirm your entry by selecting
for a darker screen or
for a lighter screen.
.
4.7 Entering the Installer Password
Installer access
The "Installer" access level is activated by entering the installer password.
The access level will be reset after 15 minutes.
Procedure:
1. Select
.
2. Select
.
3. Enter the installer password. Use the keypad to do this.
4. Confirm your entry by selecting
☑ The
.
symbol appears in the status info line.
✖ The status info line fails to show the
symbol?
The password entered is incorrect.
• Enter the password again.
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5 Network Settings
SMA America, LLC
5 Network Settings
In order to connect the Sunny Central to a computer via the service interface or via the Internet, the Sunny Central must
be integrated in a system network. To enable several Sunny Central inverters to be operated in the same network, each
Sunny Central must be assigned a unique network address.
Figure 16: Example of a PV system network with two Sunny Central inverters
Procedure:
• Setting the IP address on the laptop
• Setting the IP address on the Sunny Central
Setting the IP Address on the Laptop
If you are working with a DHCP-enabled laptop, it will automatically be assigned an IP address by the network server.
If your laptop is not DHCP-enabled, you will need to set the IP address manually.
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5 Network Settings
Procedure:
1. In Windows, select Start > Run.
2. Enter ncpa.cpl in the box and press [OK].
☑ The Network Connections window opens.
3. Double click on the LAN connection used to connect the SC-COM.
4. Select [Properties].
☑ The Local Area Connection Properties window opens.
5. Mark Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and select [Properties].
☑ The Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties window opens.
6. Note the existing network settings so that you can restore the settings in your computer after commissioning the
Sunny Central.
7. Make the following settings and confirm with [OK]:
– "IP Address:" 10.100.100.1
– "Subnet Mask:" 255.0.0.0
8. In the Local Area Connection Properties window, select [OK]. The settings are now applied.
9. Select [OK] in the Network Connections window. This closes the window.
☑ The computer is now configured to the network settings of the Sunny Central.
Setting the IP Address on the Sunny Central
1. Connect the laptop to the service interface of the Sunny Central using a network cable.
2. Open an Internet browser (e.g. Windows Explorer).
3. Enter 10.111.4.1 in the address bar of the web browser.
☑ The user interface appears.
4. Enter the installer password in the appropriate field on the homepage and confirm with [Login].
5. Select Sunny Central > Settings > Network.
6. Depending on the network structure, enter the following values for the monitoring and control networks:
– "IP address:"
– "Subnet mask:"
– "Gateway:"
7. Complete the entries using [Save] and [Confirm].
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6 Communication with the Inverter
SMA America, LLC
6 Communication with the Inverter
6.1 Displaying Instantaneous Values
The SC-COM operating manual contains a detailed description of the user interface.
Procedure:
1. Log into the user interface.
2. Enter the installer password in the appropriate field on the homepage and confirm with [Login].
3. Select Data > Devices.
4. Select
.
☑ A list of the existing device types appears.
5. Select the desired device type.
☑ A list appears containing all existing devices of this type.
6. Select the desired device from the list.
7. Select the tab Spot values.
6.2 Changing Parameters
Parameters are changed via the user interface. You can access the user interface either on site via a laptop or remotely
via a PC.
Procedure:
1. Log into the user interface.
2. Enter the installer password in the appropriate field on the homepage and confirm with [Login].
3. Select PV system > Devices.
4. Select
.
☑ A list of the existing device types appears.
5. Select the desired device type.
☑ A list appears containing all existing devices of this type.
6. Select the desired device from the list.
7. Select the Parameters tab.
8. Change the desired parameter.
9. Confirm the parameter entry with [Save].
6.3 Setting the String-Current Monitoring on the Sunny Central String-Monitor
Controller
To configure the string-current monitoring of the PV system on the Sunny Central String-Monitor Controller, you must
perform the following steps in the given order:
Procedure:
• Detect the Sunny Central String-Monitor Controller and the Sunny Central.
• Set date and time.
• Detect the Sunny String-Monitors via the Sunny Central String-Monitor Controller.
• Re-detect the Sunny String-Monitors via the Sunny Central String-Monitor Controller.
• Detect the Sunny String-Monitors via the Sunny Central.
• Adjust the identification of the Sunny String-Monitors.
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6 Communication with the Inverter
Detecting the Sunny Central String-Monitor Controller and the Sunny Central
1. Log into the user interface.
2. Enter the installer password in the appropriate field on the homepage and confirm with [Login].
3. Detect the Sunny Central and the Sunny Central String-Monitor Controller as follows:
– Select Data > Detection.
– In the field "Total number of devices to be detected", enter 2.
– Select [Start detection].
☑ The SC-COM starts detection of all devices and displays the detection progress. Once all devices have been
detected, the SC-COM displays ### Device detection finished ###.
☑ The devices have now been detected.
Setting the Date and Time of the Sunny Central String-Monitor Controller
1. Select Data > Devices.
2. Select
.
☑ A list of the existing device types appears.
3. Select Sunny Central String-Monitor Controller.
4. Select the tab Spot values.
5. Make sure that the date SysDt and time SysTm of the Sunny Central String-Monitor Controller are correct. If the
settings are incorrect, change the parameters Dt and Tm (see Section 6.2, page 50).
Detecting the Sunny Central String-Monitors via the Sunny Central String-Monitor Controller
Detecting the Sunny Central String-Monitors can take several minutes
Depending on the number of Sunny Central String-Monitors and the distance between them, it may take several
minutes to detect Sunny Central String Monitors.
Procedure:
1. Select the Parameters tab.
2. Set the parameter DevFunc to AutoDetect_SSMU.
3. Confirm the entry with [Save].
4. Select the tab Spot values.
5. Select SSMUNoOf and check the number of detected Sunny Central String-Monitors. If all Sunny Central
String-Monitors have been detected, initiate detection of the Sunny Central String-Monitors by the Sunny Central.
If only some of the Sunny Central String-Monitors have been detected, use the Sunny Central String-Monitor
Controller to re-detect them.
Re-Detecting the Sunny Central String-Monitors via the Sunny Central String-Monitor Controller
1. Select the Parameters tab.
2. Set the parameter DevFunc to DetectSSMURetry.
3. Confirm the entry with [Save].
4. Select the tab Spot values.
5. Select SSMUNoOf and check the number of detected Sunny String-Monitors.
If all Sunny String-Monitors have been detected, initiate detection by the Sunny Central.
If only some of the Sunny String-Monitors have been detected, contact the SMA Service Line.
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Detecting the Sunny Central String-Monitors via the Sunny Central.
1. Select Data > Detection.
2. In the field Total number of devices to be detected, enter the number of Sunny Central String-Monitors +2.
3. Select [Start detection].
☑ The Sunny Central starts detecting all the devices and displays the progress of the detection process. Once all
devices have been detected, the user interface displays ### Device detection finished ###.
☑ The Sunny Central String-Monitors have been detected.
Adjusting the Identification of the Sunny Central String-Monitors
1. Select the first Sunny Central String-Monitor from the device list.
2. Select the Parameters tab.
3. Select the SSMId parameter and allocate a unique identification number to the Sunny Central String-Monitor.
Note the identification number.
4. Repeat this procedure to adjust the identification of the remaining Sunny Central String-Monitors.
6.4 Optional Settings of the Sunny Central String-Monitor Controller
6.4.1
Changing the Communication Period
The communication period is the time during which the Sunny Central String-Monitor Controller communicates with the
Sunny String-Monitors. The communication period is set from 10.00 a.m. to 3.00 p.m. by default.
Procedure:
1. Select the parameter MoniTmComOn and set the start of the communication period (see Section 6.2, page 50).
2. Select the parameter MoniTmComOff and set the end of the communication period.
3. Confirm the entry with [Save].
6.4.2
Changing the Monitoring Period
The monitoring period refers to the time during which the PV system is being monitored by the Sunny String-Monitors.
The monitoring period is set from 10.00 a.m. to 3.00 p.m. by default.
You can set the monitoring period for all Sunny String-Monitors or allocate a separate monitoring period to each group
of Sunny String-Monitors.
The monitoring period must be within the communication period.
Setting the Monitoring Period for All Sunny String-Monitors
1. Select the parameter MoniTmGrAllOn and set the start of the monitoring period (see Section 6.2, page 50).
2. Select the parameter MoniTmGrAllOff and set the end of the monitoring period.
3. Confirm the entry with [Save].
Setting the Monitoring Period for Individual Groups of Sunny String-Monitors
1. Select the parameter MoniTmGr1On and set the start of the monitoring period (see Section 6.2, page 50).
2. Select the parameter MoniTmGr1Off and set the end of the monitoring period.
3. Confirm the entry with [Save].
4. Repeat steps 1 to 3 for the remaining groups.
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6.4.3
6 Communication with the Inverter
Assigning PV Strings to Various Measuring Channels
To simplify monitoring, you can assign the strings to the eight measuring channels.
The number of strings per channel for the eight measuring channels can be selected from 1 to 4. The default setting is 1.
You can use the parameter No.of Strings to assign a string number of 1 to 4 to all measuring channels of the
Sunny String-Monitor. This avoids having to set the number of strings for individual channels, since this number is
automatically adopted for the grouped channels.
Procedure:
1. Select the desired Sunny String-Monitor from the device list.
2. Select the Parameters tab.
3. Enter the number of PV strings per measuring channel in the parameter fields No.of Strings 1 to No.of Strings 8,
or the number of PV strings for all measuring channels in the field No.of Strings.
4. Confirm the entry with [Save].
6.4.4
Assigning PV Strings to Different Groups
In the Sunny Central String-Monitor Controller, the PV string data is continuously monitored and the group data compared
so that potential errors are detected immediately. It is therefore advisable to split the PV strings into various groups if some
strings are shaded, aligned differently or equipped with different modules.
By default, all PV strings are assigned to Group 1.
Group 0 is not monitored, which means only PV strings excluded from monitoring should be assigned to this group.
Procedure:
1. Select the desired Sunny String-Monitor from the device list.
2. Select the Parameters tab.
3. Select the parameters Group String 1 to Group String 8 and assign them to a group (see Section 6.2, page 50).
Each group must include at least four measuring channels.
4. Confirm the entry with [Save].
6.4.5
Setting the Tripping Time
You can use the tripping time to set the sensitivity of the string-current monitoring since the tripping time is a factor in the
calculation of the error sum. By default, the tripping time is set to 180 minutes.
Procedure:
1. Select the desired Sunny Central String-Monitor Controller from the device list.
2. Select the Parameters tab.
3. Enter the tripping time in minutes in the parameter field SMU_T_Ausl..
4. Confirm the entry with [Save].
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6 Communication with the Inverter
6.4.6
SMA America, LLC
Setting the Tolerance
You can use the tolerance to set the sensitivity of the string-current monitoring. The tolerance is a factor in the calculation
of the error sum.
Since only a significant deviation of a measuring channel from the mean value is an indication of a faulty string,
the tolerance value should be set correspondingly high. Minor deviations are considered normal.
Procedure:
1. Select the desired Sunny Central String-Monitor Controller from the device list.
2. Select the Parameters tab.
3. Enter the tolerance value in percent for the groups in the parameter fields SMU_tolerance grp1 to
SMU_tolerance grp3.
4. Confirm the entry with [Save].
6.5 Configuring the Remote Shutdown
The Sunny Central can be shut down and switched off via an external signal. To do this, two terminals of the customer
terminal plate are switched with 24 V (see Sunny Central installation manual).
To use this function, the associated parameter must be activated.
Procedure:
1. Ensure that the Sunny Central is in the operating state "Stop".
2. Log into the user interface.
3. Enter the password in the appropriate field on the homepage and confirm with [Login].
4. Set the parameter ExlStrStpEna on the user interface to On (see Section 6.2, page 50).
5. Confirm the parameter entry with [Save].
6.6 Deactivating the "Fully Hermetic" Transformer Protection
A fully hermetic protector can be connected to the Sunny Central. This fully hermetic protector is integrated in the
MV transformer.
If a fault occurs in the MV transformer, the Sunny Central immediately shuts down. Two 230 V/50 Hz terminals are
connected to the customer terminal plate (see Sunny Central installation manual).
To deactivate this function, the associated parameter must be disabled.
Procedure:
1. Ensure that the Sunny Central is in the operating state "Stop".
2. Log into the user interface.
3. Enter the password in the appropriate field on the homepage and confirm with [Login].
4. On the user interface, set the parameter ExlTrfErrEna to Off (see Section 6.2, page 50).
5. Confirm the parameter entry with [Save].
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7 Grid Monitoring
7 Grid Monitoring
7.1 How Grid Monitoring Works
The Sunny Central monitors the utility grid to make sure it stays within a definable range of thresholds. If these thresholds
are exceeded or have fallen below for a set time period, the Sunny Central will disconnect from the utility grid for safety
reasons.
The following thresholds are monitored:
• Voltage drop
• Voltage increase
• Frequency drop
• Frequency increase
For each threshold, you can set a tripping delay time stipulating how long the grid failure must be pending before the
Sunny Central disconnects from the utility grid.
7.2 Setting the Line Voltage Monitoring
You can specify the thresholds and tripping time manually. For voltage monitoring, two limits can be set for overvoltage
and two limits for undervoltage.
If the line voltage rises above the value defined in the parameters VCtlhLim or VCtlhhLim, the Sunny Central waits for
the period defined in the parameters VCtlhLimTm or VCtlLimhhTm and disconnects from the utility grid.
Figure 17: Temporal Sunny Central behavior when the grid limits are exceeded
Position
Parameter
Description
A
VCtlhhLimTm Delay time for grid limit level 2
B
VCtlhLimTm
Delay time for grid limit level 1
C
Startup/MPP load operation
D
Grid monitoring
E
Disturbance
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Position
Parameter
Description
1
VCtlhhLim
Line voltage limit level 2
2
VCtlhLim
Line voltage limit level 1
3
Connection limit, maximum nominal voltage deviation
4
Grid limit level 1 is exceeded, timer for B starts counting
5
Grid limit level 2 is exceeded, timer for A starts counting
6
Grid limit level 2 is exceeded for delay time level 2 → grid disconnection
7
Grid limit level 1 is exceeded for delay time level 1 → grid disconnection (has already
occurred on level 2)
8
Connection conditions fulfilled → grid monitoring time starts counting
9
Utility grid within valid range during grid monitoring time → grid connection
Contact the SMA Service Line before changing any parameters
The parameters for grid monitoring must only be selected and configured after consultation with the SMA Service
Line.
Procedure:
1. Log into the user interface.
2. Enter the password in the appropriate field on the homepage and confirm with [Login].
3. Change parameters for grid monitoring (see Section 6.2, page 50).
4. Confirm the parameter entry with [Save].
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7 Grid Monitoring
7.3 Setting Power Frequency Monitoring
You can specify the thresholds and tripping time manually. For frequency monitoring, three limits can be configured for
both undervoltage and undervoltage.
For example, at an overfrequency of 50.5 Hz you can set a tripping time of one second or at an overfrequency of 51.5
Hz you can set it to trip after 0.1 seconds.
Figure 18: Tripping characteristics and temporal behavior as exemplified by frequency monitoring
Contact the SMA Service Line before changing any parameters
The parameters for grid monitoring must only be selected and configured after consultation with the SMA Service
Line.
Procedure:
1. Log into the user interface.
2. Enter the password in the appropriate field on the homepage and confirm with [Login].
3. Change parameters for grid monitoring (see Section 6.2, page 50).
4. Confirm the parameter entry with [Save].
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7.4 Grid Monitoring in Accordance with IEEE 1547
Grid monitoring for line voltage
In accordance with IEEE 1547, for line-voltage monitoring two thresholds are defined in percent for the minimum line
voltage and two for the maximum line voltage. The percentage refers to the nominal voltage of the inverter.
If the line voltage falls below the value defined in the parameters VCtllLim or VCtlllLim, the Sunny Central waits for the
period defined in the parameters VCtllLimTm or VCtlllLimTm and disconnects from the utility grid.
If the line voltage increases above the value defined in the parameters VCtlhLim or VCtlhhLim, the Sunny Central waits
for the period defined in the parameters VCtlhLimTm or VCtlLimhhTm and disconnects from the utility grid.
Example: Inverter behavior in the event of undervoltage
The first threshold for undervoltage is defined in the parameter VCtllLim at 88% of the nominal voltage of the inverter.
The associated time lapse is set to 2,000 ms in the parameter VCtllLimTm. The second threshold for undervoltage is
defined in the parameter VCtlllLim at 50% of the nominal voltage of the inverter. The associated time lapse is set to
160 ms in the parameter VCtlllLimTm.
The line voltage is 85% of the inverter nominal voltage and has therefore fallen below the first limit for undervoltage.
The inverter waits 2,000 ms. If the line voltage does not rise above the first threshold within this period, the inverter
disconnects from the utility grid. If the line voltage falls below the second threshold, the Sunny Central switches off after
160 ms.
Figure 19: Parameters for monitoring the line voltage
Parameter
Explanation
VCtlllLim
Second threshold for undervoltage
VCtlllLimTm
Time lapse for the second threshold for undervoltage
VCtllLim
First threshold for undervoltage
VCtllLimTm
Time lapse for the first threshold for undervoltage
VCtlhLim
First threshold for overvoltage
VCtlhLimTm
Time lapse for the first threshold for overvoltage
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Default value
50%
160 ms
88%
2,000 ms
110%
1,000 ms
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7 Grid Monitoring
Parameter
Explanation
Default value
VCtlhhLim
Second threshold for overvoltage
120%
VCtlhhLimTm
Time lapse for the second threshold for overvoltage
160 ms
Grid monitoring for power frequency
In accordance with IEEE 1547, for power frequency monitoring two thresholds are defined for the minimum power
frequency and one threshold for the maximum power frequency.
If line-voltage grid monitoring is to take place in accordance with IEEE 1547, the thresholds set by default in parameters
HzCtlhLim, HzCtlhLimTm, HzCtlllLim, HzCtlllLimTm, HzCtlllLim, and HzCtlllLimTm must not be changed.
Inverter behavior in the event of underfrequency
The first threshold for underfrequency is defined in the parameter HzCtllLim and amounts to 59.3 Hz. The associated
time period is set to 160 ms in the parameter HzCtllLimTm. The second threshold for underfrequency is defined in the
parameter HzCtlllLim at 57 Hz. The associated time is set to 160 ms in the parameter HzCtlllLimTm.
The line voltage is 59 Hz and has therefore fallen below the first underfrequency limit. The inverter waits 160 ms. If the
power frequency does not rise above the first threshold within this time, the inverter disconnects from the utility grid.
Figure 20: Parameters for monitoring the power frequency
Parameter
Explanation
HzCtllLim
First threshold for underfrequency
59.3 Hz
HzCtllLimTm
Tripping time for the first threshold for underfrequency
160 ms
HzCtlllLim
Second threshold for underfrequency
57 Hz
HzCtlllLimTm
Tripping time for the second threshold for underfrequency
160 ms
HzCtlhLim
First threshold for overfrequency
60.5 Hz
HzCtlhLimTm
Time period for the first threshold for overfrequency
160 ms
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Default value
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7.5 Grid Connection after Elimination of Error
If a grid fault has been corrected in the Sunny Central, it will only switch on once the line voltage has met certain
conditions. The line voltage and the power frequency must remain within the set thresholds for grid connection for the
duration of the grid monitoring period. Until the grid connection conditions are met, the error message
1500 - Grid reconnection fault appears in the touch display.
7.6 Setting the Active Power Ramp-Up
During start-up of the Sunny Central, you can use the parameter WGra to set a ramp-up for the feed-in power. This means
that the Sunny Central will gradually increase the ratio of feed-in power per second by the set value.
If you do not set this parameter, the Sunny Central will reach its maximum feed-in power in 1 s.
Procedure:
1. Log into the user interface.
2. Enter the password in the appropriate field on the homepage and confirm with [Login].
3. Set the parameter WGra to the required value (see Section 6.2, page 50).
4. Confirm the parameter entry with [Save].
7.7 Setting the Medium Voltage
The medium voltage of the Sunny Central must match the medium voltage of the medium-voltage grid.
It is important that the transmission ratio of the external MV transformer is adjusted at the same time. The undervoltage
side is already preset for the specific device.
The default value of the parameter VRtg is specified in the parameter list (see Section 12.1.2 "Grid Monitoring/Grid
Limits", page 111).
Procedure:
1. Log into the user interface.
2. Enter the password in the appropriate field on the homepage and confirm with [Login].
3. Set the parameter TrfVolExlHi (see Section 6.2, page 50).
4. Set the parameter VRtg.
5. Confirm the parameter entry with [Save].
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7 Grid Monitoring
7.8 Activating the Manual Resume Mode
If the Sunny Central is switched off due to grid limit infringement, you can prevent an automatic restart of the
Sunny Central. Only after having acknowledged the error does the Sunny Central switch on again. You can activate the
Manual Resume Mode for individual errors of grid limit infringement. You can read off the reason why the current restart
is blocked in the instantaneous value ManResStt.
Procedure:
1. Log into the user interface.
2. To activate the Manual Resume Mode for individual disturbances, set the desired parameters to On:
Manual Resume Mode after
Parameter
Disconnection due to overvoltage
ManResOvrVol
Disconnection due to undervoltage
ManResUndrVol
Disconnection due to overfrequency
ManResOvrFrq
Disconnection due to underfrequency
ManResUndrFrq
Disconnection due to passive islanding detection
ManResPID
3. Confirm the parameter entry with [Save].
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8 Power Control
SMA America, LLC
8 Power Control
8.1 Active Power Limitation
8.1.1
8.1.1.1
Frequency-Dependent Active Power Limitation
Principle of Frequency-Dependent Active Power Limitation
During active power limitation as a function of power frequency, the Sunny Central constantly checks the connected
power frequency.
Figure 21: Behavior of the Sunny Central when the "P-HzStr" frequency limit is exceeded
If the power frequency exceeds a threshold defined in the parameter P-HzStr, shown here at point A, the Sunny Central
will save the current feed-in power Pcur. The reduced feed-in power is calculated based on this saved value. The reduction
of the feed-in power is defined via the parameter P-WGra. This parameter indicates the percentage of the saved power
Pcur by which the power per Hz will be reduced if the power frequency continues to rise.
If the power frequency decreases again as shown in point B, the last reached feed-in power will remain valid. Only if the
power falls below the threshold defined in the parameter P-HzStop, shown here at point C, can the feed-in power be
increased again. In this case, the saved value Pmom forfeits its validity.
If the power frequency exceeds the grid limit, the Sunny Central will shut down and switch to the operating state
"Grid monitoring". The Sunny Central will remain in the operating state "Grid monitoring" until all feed-in conditions are
fulfilled again.
Calculating the power limit:
P lim = P cur –   f power – P-HzStr   P-WGra  P cur 
Plim
fpower
P-HzStr
Power limit
Power frequency
Selected frequency limit at which grid
feed-in will be reduced
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Pcur
P-WGra
Current power
Gradient for reducing the active power
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8 Power Control
Example:
A 500 kW Sunny Central feeds 350 kW (Pcur) into the utility grid. The frequency goes up to 51.2 Hz.
The difference between the current power frequency and P-HzStr (51.2 Hz - 50.2 Hz) multiplied by the gradient
P-WGra (40%/Hz) results in an active power reduction of 40% of the last available power Pcur (350 kW). This results
in a power limitation of 140 kW and hence a maximum active power of 210 kW.
Calculation:
210 kW = 350 kW – ( (51.2 Hz – 50.2 Hz) * 40%/Hz * 350 kW )
8.1.1.2
Setting the Mode of Frequency-Dependent Active Power Limitation and
Associated Parameters
1. Ensure that the Sunny Central is in the operating state "Stop".
2. Log into the user interface.
3. Enter the password in the appropriate field on the homepage and confirm with [Login].
4. Set the parameter WCtlHzMod on the user interface to On (see Section 6.2, page 50).
5. Change the parameters P-HzStr, P-HzStop and P-WGra.
6. Confirm the parameter entry with [Save].
8.1.2
Frequency-Independent Active Power Limitation
8.1.2.1
Selecting the Mode with the Parameter P-WMod
/05*$&
Operation failure of the Sunny Central due to incorrectly set parameters
If the parameter settings for grid management services are incorrect, the Sunny Central may not be able to meet the
grid management requirements. This may lead to yield losses and disconnection of the Sunny Central by the grid
operator.
• When setting the modes of grid management services, ensure that the control procedures agreed with the grid
operator are parameterized.
• If the Sunny Central is operated with an Power Plant Controller, make sure that the parameter P-WMod is set to
WCtlCom. This will ensure that the output values are supplied by the Power Plant Controller.
You can set the active power limitation via the parameter P-WMod (see Section 6.2, page 50). Use this parameter to
configure how the specifications of the grid operator are to be received and implemented. The default value for this
parameter is Off.
Parameter block
The parameter P-WMod can only be changed in the operating state "Stop". The entry will not be accepted in any
other operating state.
There are five different modes of frequency-independent limitation of active power:
Mode
Description
Off
The active power is limited to the nominal power Pmax of the device.
WCtlCom
The active power limitation is transmitted by means of a Modbus protocol to the
Sunny Central via the Power Reducer Box or the Power Plant Controller.
WCnst
The active power limitation is entered as an absolute value via the parameter P-W.
WCnstNom
The active power limitation is entered as a percentage value via the parameter P-WNom.
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Mode
Description
WCnstNomAnIn
The active power limitation is set via an analog signal at the input terminals for the setpoint.
Procedure:
1. Ensure that the Sunny Central is in the operating state "Stop".
2. Log into the user interface.
3. Enter the password in the appropriate field on the homepage and confirm with [Login].
4. Change the parameter P-WMod in the user interface (see Section 6.2, page 50).
5. Change parameters associated with the selected mode.
6. You can select the desired behavior in the absence of setpoint specifications in the parameter PwrMonErrMod as
follows:
Setting
Description
LastVal
If specified via communication: utilization of the last received value. In case of analog
setpoints: utilization of the last valid mean value.
SubVal
Utilization of the configured proxy values. SMA recommends use of the proxy values when
setpoint specifications are effected via analog signals.
7. If SubVal has been selected, enter the proxy values for normal feed-in operation and for operation outside of normal
feed-in operation, as follows:
Parameter
Description
P-WSubValRun
Proxy value for active power limitation in feed-in operation
P-WSubVal
Proxy value for active power limitation outside of feed-in operation
8. In the parameter PwrMonErrTm configure the time lapse until recognition of the absence of default values.
9. Confirm the parameter entry with [Save].
8.1.2.2
No Active Power Limitation: Off Procedure
The feed-in power is limited to the parameter Pmax.
The parameter Pmax defines the Sunny Central power at the feed-in point and is adjusted to the local conditions during
commissioning. The parameter Pmax can only be changed, providing that the device is in the operating state "Stop" and
the installer password has been entered.
Parameters used
8.1.2.3
Pmax
Active Power Limitation with Operation Command via Modbus Protocol:
WCtlCom Procedure
The setpoint for the active power limitation is transmitted by Modbus protocol to the Sunny Central via the Power Reducer
Box or the Power Plant Controller. If the Sunny Central has received no signal for five minutes, an error message will be
displayed in the instantaneous value P-WModFailStt.
8.1.2.4
Active Power Limitation as a Percentage of the Nominal Power: WCnst Procedure
The active power limitation is entered as an absolute value via the parameter P-W.
The parameter P-W defines the active power to be fed in. The parameter P-W can be changed in feed-in operation.
The parameter P-W must not be greater than the parameter Pmax.
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Active Power Limitation with Absolute Value: WCnst Procedure
The active power limitation is set as a percentage value via the parameter P-WNom. The percentage value refers to the
parameter Pmax.
The parameter P-WNom indicates what percentage of the maximum possible power is to be fed in. The parameter
P-WNom can be changed during feed-in operation.
8.1.2.6
Active Power Limitation via Standard Signal: WCnstNomAnIn Procedure
The active power limitation is set at the input terminals using an analog signal for setpoint specification (see Sunny Central
installation manual). This is usually implemented by a ripple control signal.
The electrical current strength of the connected signal determines the nominal active power.
The analog measured values must be between 4 mA and 19 mA. If the analog signal is less than 2 mA, an error message
will be displayed in the instantaneous value P-WModFailStt (see Section 8.1.4, page 66).
Signal
Power limit
< 2 mA
Description
Last valid value or Pmax Signal is in the invalid range.
after restart
2 mA to 4 mA
0 kW
4 mA to 19 mA
0 kW to Pmax
> 19 mA
Pmax
No power is fed into the grid.
The energy fed into the grid is determined by a characteristic curve.
The energy fed into the grid equals Pmax.
The analog value is converted to a setpoint for power limitation. Here, the parameter Pmax forms the end point of the
linear characteristic curve.
8.1.3
Displaying the Status of Active Power Limitation
The instantaneous value P-WModStt indicates the status of active power limitation.
Procedure:
• Display the instantaneous value P-WModStt on the user interface (see Section 6.1, page 50).
Display
Description
Off
No mode of active power limitation has been selected.
WMax
Active power is limited by specification of an upper limit. This limit is relative to Pmax.
Hz
Active power is limited by a frequency increase.
Tmp
Active power is limited by temperature derating.
AmpPv
Active power is limited via a DC current limitation.
AmpAC
Active power is limited via an AC current limitation.
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Displaying Error Messages and Warnings for Active Power Limitation
The instantaneous value P-WModFailStt displays error messages or warnings associated with active power limitation.
Procedure:
• Display the instantaneous value P-WModFailStt on the user interface (see Section 6.1, page 50).
Display
Cause and corrective measures
Off
No mode of active power limitation has been selected.
OK
A mode of active power limitation has been selected and there are no errors present.
ComFail
The WCtlCom mode has been selected and the expected signal with a valid active power limit has
been absent for at least five minutes.
Corrective measures:
• Ensure that the Sunny Central and the Power Reducer Box or Power Plant Controller can be
accessed via the Internet.
• Ensure that the Sunny Central and the Power Reducer Box or the Power Plant Controller are
connected correctly.
• Ensure that the cabling between the Sunny Central and Power Reducer Box or Power Plant
Controller is OK.
AnInFail
The WCnstNomAnIn mode has been selected and the value measured at the analog input is less
than 2 mA.
Corrective measures:
• Make sure the signal cable is correctly connected to the analog input.
ComInvalid The WCtlCom mode has been selected and there is invalid content in the information on the power
specification.
Corrective measures:
• Check the power specification settings.
8.2 Reactive Power Control
8.2.1
8.2.1.1
Mode of Reactive Power Control
Selecting the Mode with the Parameter Q-VArMod
/05*$&
Operation failure of the Sunny Central due to incorrectly set parameters
If the parameter settings for grid management services are incorrect, the Sunny Central may not be able to meet the
grid management requirements. This may lead to yield losses and disconnection of the Sunny Central by the grid
operator.
• When setting the modes of grid management services, ensure that the control procedures agreed with the grid
operator are parameterized.
• If the Sunny Central is operated with an SMA Power Plant Controller, make sure that the parameter Q-VarMod
is set to VArCtlCom or PFCtlCom. This will ensure that the control values are supplied by the SMA Power Plant
Controller.
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The Sunny Central can supply reactive power if required by the grid operator. The grid operator defines the modes and
setpoints used for this.
You can set the mode of reactive power control via the parameter Q-VArMod. Use this parameter to configure how the
specifications of the grid operator are to be received and implemented.
There are eleven different modes of reactive power control. The default value for this parameter is Off.
If a displacement power factor cos φ of 1 is to be permanently maintained, SMA recommends using the PFCnst mode.
Mode
Description
Off
The reactive power setpoint is limited to 0 kVAr.
VArCtlCom
The reactive power setpoint is transmitted by Modbus protocol to the Sunny Central via the Power
Reducer Box or the Power Plant Controller.
PFCtlCom
The reactive power setpoint is transmitted to the Sunny Central via the Power Reducer Box or the
Power Plant Controller. A displacement power factor cos φ is transmitted as the setpoint.
VArCnst
The parameter Q-VAr is used to set the reactive power setpoint in kVAr.
VArCnstNom
The parameter Q-VArNom is used to set the reactive power setpoint in % relative to Pmax.
VArCnstNomAnIn The reactive power setpoint is imported via an analog input. The analog value is converted into a
reactive power setpoint.
PFCnst
The reactive power setpoint is set via a displacement power factor cos φ.
PFCnstAnIn
The reactive power setpoint is imported via the analog input for setpoint specification. The analog
value is converted into a displacement power factor cos φ.
PFCtlW
The displacement power factor cos φ is set as a function of the feed-in power. This dependency is
depicted by a configurable characteristic curve.
VArCtlVol
The reactive power is configured as a function of the line voltage.
VArCtlVolHystDb
The provision of reactive power helps perform voltage-stabilizing measures in the event of
overvoltage or undervoltage. The parameterization is carried out by means of a reactive power/
voltage characteristic curve.
Parameter block
The parameter Q-VARMod can only be changed in the operating state "Stop". The entry will not be accepted in
any other operating state.
Avoiding electromagnetic interference emissions in large-scale systems
In large-scale PV systems electromagnetic interference emissions may occur when switching from night mode to
feed-in operation. In order to avoid these electromagnetic interference emissions, SMA recommends using Modbus
communication for setpoint specification for feed-in operation and night mode.
For smaller-sized PV systems without farm control, SMA recommends the use of fixed setpoints for reactive power
control.
Procedure:
1. Ensure that the Sunny Central is in the operating state "Stop".
2. Log into the user interface.
3. Enter the password in the appropriate field on the homepage and confirm with [Login].
4. Change the parameter Q-VarMod (see Section 6.2, page 50).
5. Change parameters associated with the selected mode.
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6. You can select the desired behavior in the absence of setpoint specifications in the parameter PwrMonErrMod as
follows:
Setting
Description
LastVal
If specified via communication: utilization of the last received value. In case of analog
setpoints: utilization of the last valid mean value.
SubVal
Utilization of the configured proxy values. SMA recommends use of the proxy values when
setpoint specifications are effected via analog signals.
7. If SubVal has been selected, enter the proxy values for normal feed-in operation and for operation outside of normal
feed-in operation, as follows:
Parameter
Description
Q-VArSubValRun
Proxy value for the reactive power setpoint in feed-in operation
PF-PFSubValRun
Proxy value for the displacement power factor in feed-in operation
PF-PFExtSubValR
Proxy value for the excitation of the displacement power factor in feed-in operation
Q-VArSubVal
Proxy value for the reactive power setpoint outside of feed-in operation
PF-PFSubVal
Proxy value for the displacement power factor outside of feed-in operation
PF-PFExtSubVal
Proxy value for the excitation of the displacement power factor outside of feed-in operation
8. In the parameter PwrMonErrTm configure the time lapse until recognition of the absence of default values.
9. Confirm the parameter entry with [Save].
8.2.1.2
No Reactive Power Control: Off Procedure
The reactive power setpoint is limited to 0 kVAr. This setpoint cannot be controlled.
8.2.1.3
Reactive Power Control with Operation Command via Modbus Protocol:
WCtlCom Procedure
The reactive power setpoint is transmitted by Modbus protocol to the Sunny Central via the Power Reducer Box or the
Power Plant Controller. The setpoint is transmitted as a percentage and converted to kVAr within the Sunny Central.
If the Sunny Central has not received any signal for the last five minutes, the error message will be displayed in the
instantaneous value Q-VArModFailStt (see Section 8.2.2, page 75).
8.2.1.4
Reactive Power Control with Operation Command via Modbus Protocol:
PFCtlCom Procedure
The reactive power setpoint is transmitted to the Sunny Central via the Power Reducer Box or the SMA Power Plant
Controller. The setpoint is transmitted as a displacement power factor cos phi.
If the Sunny Central has not received any signal for the last five minutes, an error message will be displayed in the
instantaneous value Q-VArModFailStt (see Section 8.2.2, page 75).
8.2.1.5
Reactive Power Control with Absolute Value: VArCnst Procedure
The Q-VAr parameter is used to set the reactive power setpoint. The parameter Q-VAr is allowed to be within the range
‒Qmax to +Qmax.
8.2.1.6
Reactive Power Control as a Percentage of the Nominal Power: VArCnstNom
Procedure
The parameter Q-VArNom is used to set the reactive power setpoint in %. The parameter Q-VArNom refers to Pmax.
If the calculated amount of reactive power exceeds the predefined value of Qmax, the power will be limited to Qmax.
If the calculated amount of reactive power falls below the predefined value of ‒Qmax, the power will be limited to
‒Qmax.
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Reactive Power Control via Standard Signal: VArCnstNomAnIn Procedure
The reactive power setpoint is set via an analog signal at the input terminals for setpoint specification (see Sunny Central
installation manual). This is usually implemented by a ripple control receiver.
The analog value is converted into a reactive power setpoint. The electrical current strength of the connected signal
determines the setpoint.
The analog measured values must be between 4 mA and 19 mA. If the analog signal is less than 2 mA, the error
message will be displayed in the instantaneous value Q-VArModFailStt (see Section 8.2.2, page 75).
Signal
Power limit
< 2 mA
Last valid mean value or
0 kVAr after restart
Description
Signal is in the invalid range.
2 mA to 4 mA
− Pmax
The maximum amount of negatively excited reactive power is fed in.
4 mA
− Pmax
Starting point of the characteristic curve
The maximum amount of negatively excited reactive power is fed in.
11.5 mA
0 kVAr
Zero-crossing of the characteristic curve
No reactive power is fed in.
> 19 mA
+Pmax
End point of the characteristic curve
The maximum amount of positively excited reactive power is fed in.
The analog value is converted to a setpoint for power limitation. Here, the Qmax parameter forms the end point of the
linear characteristic curve.
Figure 22: Limitation of the parameter Pmax to the parameter Qmax
If the value of Pmax exceeds the value of Qmax, the characteristic curve will be limited to Qmax at the value Qmax and
the reactive power value will remain constant at Qmax in the range from +Qmax to +Pmax.
If the value of ‒Pmax falls below the value of ‒Qmax, the characteristic curve will be limited to ‒Qmax at the
value‒Qmax and the reactive power value will remain constant at ‒Qmax in the range from ‒Pmax to ‒Qmax.
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8.2.1.8
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Reactive Power Control via Displacement Power Factor cos φ: PFCnst Procedure
The reactive power setpoint is set using the parameters PF-PF and PF-PFExt. The parameter PF-PF indicates the
displacement power factor cos φ and the parameter PF-PFExt indicates the degree of overexcitation or underexcitation.
8.2.1.9
Displacement Power Factor cos φ via Standard Signal: PFCnstAnIn Procedure
The reactive power setpoint is set via an analog signal at the input terminals for setpoint specification (see Sunny Central
installation manual). This is usually implemented by a ripple control receiver.
The analog value is converted into a displacement power factor cos φ. The electrical current strength of the connected
signal determines the setpoint.
The analog measured values must be between 4 mA and 19 mA. If the analog signal is less than 2 mA, an error message
will be displayed in the instantaneous value Q-VArModFailStt (see Section 8.2.2, page 75).
Signal
Power limit
< 2 mA
Description
Last valid value or 1 after Signal is in the invalid range.
restart
2 mA to 4 mA
PFAbsMin/
underexcited
The maximum amount of negatively excited reactive power is fed in.
4 mA
PFAbsMin/
underexcited
Starting point of the characteristic curve
Maximum amount of negatively excited reactive power is fed in.
11.5 mA
> 19 mA
1
Zero-crossing of the characteristic curve
No reactive power is fed in.
PFAbsMin/overexcited End point of the characteristic curve
Maximum amount of positively excited reactive power is fed in.
The analog value is converted into a setpoint for the displacement power factor cos phi. Here, the parameter PFAbsMin
is the start and end point of the linear characteristic curve.
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8.2.1.10 Displacement Power Factor cos φ Depending on the Feed-In Power:
PFCtlW Procedure
For the procedure PFCtlW, the displacement power factor cos φ is set depending on the feed-in power. This dependency
is depicted by a configurable characteristic curve. The characteristic curve can be configured as rising or falling. The start
and end points of the characteristic curve can be set via parameters.
Figure 23: Characteristic curve for reducing reactive power as a function of the active power
On the basis of a linear characteristic curve with an upper and lower cap, a displacement power factor cos φ can be
regulated as a function of the active power currently being fed in. The start and end points of the characteristic curve can
be configured by means of parameters. The shape of the characteristic curve is determined by the start and end points.
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8.2.1.11 Reactive Power Depending on the Line Voltage: VArCtlVol Procedure
Contact the SMA Service Line before changing any parameters
The SMA Service Line must be consulted prior to selecting or configuring the VArCtlVol mode.
The reactive power is configured as a function of the line voltage. The reactive power setpoint is adjusted in stages.
Figure 24: Characteristic curve for reducing reactive power as a function of the line voltage
If the line voltage is changed by the configurable voltage difference Q-VDif for the configurable duration of Q-VDifTm,
the reactive power setpoint will be adjusted by the value Q-VArGra.
The parameterization of this function refers to the medium voltage.
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8.2.1.12 Measures for Voltage Support through Parameterization of Reactive Power/
Voltage Characteristic Curve: VArCtlVolHystDb Procedure
Contact the SMA Service Line before changing any parameters
The SMA Service Line must be consulted prior to selecting or configuring the VArCtlVolHystDb mode.
By supplying reactive power, the Sunny Central takes on voltage-stabilizing measures in the event of overvoltage or
undervoltage. The parameterization is carried out by means of a reactive power/voltage characteristic curve.
The characteristic curve can be flexibly configured by parameterizing the slope, a type of deadband through two voltage
points, and a hysteresis.
Figure 25: Characteristic curve for reducing reactive power without deadband and without hysteresis
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Figure 26: Characteristic curve for reducing reactive power with deadband
Figure 27: Characteristic curve for reducing reactive power with hysteresis
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Figure 28: Characteristic curve for reducing reactive power with deadband and hysteresis
The parameter Q-VArTmsSpnt determines the delay time which must elapse before the calculated reactive power
setpoint is actively used.
In order to prevent mutual interference of several systems with this function, the parameter Q-VArTmsVtg can be used
to set a delay time. This delay time defines how long a voltage change must be pending before a change in reactive
power feed-in is triggered. Consequently, control of the line voltage at the grid connection point can be staggered across
several systems.
You can activate and deactivate the delay time by means of the parameter Q-EnaTmsVtg.
8.2.2
Displaying Error Messages and Warnings for the Reactive Power Setpoint
The instantaneous value Q-VArModFailStt displays errors or warnings relating to the reactive power setpoint.
Procedure:
• Display the instantaneous value Q-VArModFailStt on the user interface (see Section 6.1, page 50).
Display
Description
Off
No mode for specifying the reactive power setpoint has been selected.
OK
A mode for specifying the reactive power setpoint has been selected and there are no errors.
ComFail
The VArCtlCom or PFCtlCom mode has been selected and the expected signal with a valid
reactive power setpoint has been absent for at least five minutes.
Corrective measures:
• Make sure that the Sunny Central and the Power Reducer Box or SMA Power Plant Controller
can be accessed via the Internet.
• Ensure that the Sunny Central and the Power Reducer Box or SMA Power Plant Controller are
connected correctly.
• Ensure that the cabling between the Sunny Central and SMA Power Reducer Box or Power Plant
Controller is OK.
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Display
Description
AnInFail
The VArCnstNomAnIn or PFCnstNomAnIn procedure has been chosen and the value measured
at the analog input is less than 2 mA.
Corrective measures:
• Make sure the signal cable is correctly connected to the analog input.
ComInvalid The VArCtlCom or PFCtlCom mode has been selected and the information on the power
specification settings contains invalid content.
Corrective measures:
• Check the power specification settings.
8.3 Q at Night
8.3.1
Procedure for Control in "Q at Night" Mode
8.3.1.1
Selecting Parameter QoDQ-VarMod
/05*$&
Operation failure of the Sunny Central due to incorrectly set parameters
If the parameter settings for grid management services are incorrect, the Sunny Central may not be able to meet the
grid management requirements. This may lead to yield losses and disconnection of the Sunny Central by the grid
operator.
• When setting the mode of grid management services, ensure that the control procedures are parameterized as
agreed with the grid operator.
• If the Sunny Central is operated with an SMA Power Plant Controller, make sure that the parameter
QoDQ-VarMod is set to VArCtlCom. This will ensure that the control values are supplied by the
SMA Power Plant Controller.
The Sunny Central can supply reactive power in the "Q at Night" operating state if required by the grid operator.
The grid operator defines the modes and setpoints used for this. The settings for the "Q at Night" operating state are
independent from normal feed-in operation.
You can set the mode for reactive power control via the parameter QoDQ-VArMod. Use this parameter to configure
how the specifications of the grid operator are to be received and implemented.
There are seven different modes for reactive power control. The default value for this parameter is Off.
Mode
Description
Off
The reactive power setpoint is limited to 0 kVAr.
VArCtlCom
The reactive power setpoint is received by the Sunny Central via the Power Reducer Box or the
Power Plant Controller.
VArCnst
The parameter QoDQ-VAr is used to set the reactive power setpoint in kVAr.
VArCnstNom
The parameter QoDQ-VArNom is used to set the reactive power setpoint as a percentage
relative to Pmax.
VArCnstNomAnIn The reactive power setpoint is imported via an analog input. The analog value is converted into a
reactive power setpoint.
VArCtlVol
The reactive power is configured as a function of the line voltage.
VArCtlVolHystDb
The provision of reactive power helps perform voltage-stabilizing measures in the event of
overvoltage or undervoltage. The parameterization is carried out by means of a reactive power/
voltage characteristic curve.
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Parameter block
The parameter QoDQ-VarMod can only be changed in the operating state "Stop". The entry will not be accepted
in any other operating state.
Avoiding electromagnetic interference emissions in large-scale systems
To avoid electromagnetic interference emissions in large-scale PV systems at the changeover from night mode to
feed-in operation, SMA recommends using Modbus communication for setpoint specification in feed-in operation
and night mode.
For smaller-sized PV systems without farm control, SMA recommends the use of fixed setpoints for reactive power
control.
Validity of parameters in feed-in operation and in "Q at Night" operation
The parameters used for these proxy values are also valid in feed-in operation and in "Q at Night" operation.
• Ensure that the settings of the parameters for the proxy values meet the requirements for feed-in and
"Q at Night" operation.
Procedure:
1. Ensure that the Sunny Central is in the operating state "Stop".
2. Log into the user interface.
3. Enter the password in the appropriate field on the homepage and confirm with [Login].
4. Change the parameter QoDQ-VArMod (see Section 6.2, page 50).
5. Change parameters associated with the selected mode.
6. You can select the desired behavior in the absence of setpoint specifications in the parameter PwrMonErrMod as
follows:
Setting
Description
LastVal
If specified via communication: utilization of the last received value. In case of analog
setpoints: utilization of the last valid mean value.
SubVal
Utilization of the configured proxy values. SMA recommends use of the proxy values when
setpoint specifications are effected via analog signals.
7. If SubVal has been selected, enter the proxy values for normal feed-in operation and for operation outside of normal
feed-in operation, as follows:
Parameter
Description
Q-VArSubValRun
Proxy value for the reactive power setpoint in feed-in operation
PF-PFSubValRun
Proxy value for the displacement power factor in feed-in operation
PF-PFExtSubValR
Proxy value for the excitation of the displacement power factor in feed-in operation
Q-VArSubVal
Proxy value for the reactive power setpoint outside of feed-in operation
PF-PFSubVal
Proxy value for the displacement power factor outside of feed-in operation
PF-PFExtSubVal
Proxy value for the excitation of the displacement power factor outside of feed-in operation
8. In the parameter PwrMonErrTm configure the time lapse until recognition of the absence of default values.
9. Confirm the parameter entry with [Save].
8.3.1.2
No Q at Night: Off Procedure
The reactive power setpoint is limited to 0 kVAr. This setpoint cannot be controlled.
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8.3.1.3
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Q at Night with Operation Command via Modbus Protocol: WCtlCom Procedure
The SC-COM receives the reactive power setpoint via the Power Reducer Box or the SMA Power Plant Controller,
and transmits it to the Sunny Central. The setpoint is transmitted as a percentage and converted to kVAr in the device.
If the Sunny Central has not received any signal for the last five minutes, the error message will be displayed in the
instantaneous value Q-VArModFailStt (see Section 8.2.2, page 75).
8.3.1.4
Q at Night with Absolute Value: VArCnst Procedure
The reactive power setpoint is set using the parameter QoDQ-VAr. Note that the parameter QoDQ-VAr may be within
the range ‒QoDQmax to +QoDQmax.
8.3.1.5
Q at Night as a Percentage of the Nominal Power: VArCnstNom Procedure
The parameter QoDQ-VArNom is used to set the reactive power setpoint in percent. The parameter QoDQ-VArNom
refers to Pmax. If the calculated amount of reactive power exceeds the predefined value of QoDQmax, the power will
be limited to QoDQmax. If the calculated amount of reactive power falls below the predefined value of ‒QoDQmax,
the power will be limited to ‒QoDQmax.
8.3.1.6
Q at Night via Standard Signal: VArCnstNomAnIn Procedure
The reactive power setpoint is set via an analog signal at the input terminals for setpoint specification (see Sunny Central
installation manual). This is usually implemented by a ripple control receiver.
The analog value is converted into a reactive power setpoint. The electrical current strength of the connected signal
determines the setpoint.
The analog measured values must be between 4 mA and 19 mA. If the analog signal is less than 2 mA, the error
message will be displayed in the instantaneous value Q-VArModFailStt (see Section 8.2.2, page 75).
Signal
Power limit
< 2 mA
Description
Last valid value or 0 kVAr Signal is in the invalid range.
after restart
2 mA to 4 mA
− Pmax
The maximum amount of negatively excited reactive power is fed in.
4 mA
− Pmax
Starting point of the characteristic curve
The maximum amount of negatively excited reactive power is fed in.
11.5 mA
0 kVAr
Zero-crossing of the characteristic curve
No reactive power is fed in.
> 19 mA
+Pmax
End point of the characteristic curve
The maximum amount of positively excited reactive power is fed in.
The analog value is converted to a setpoint for power limitation. Here, the parameter QoDQmax is the end point of the
linear characteristic curve.
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8 Power Control
Figure 29: Limitation of the parameter Pmax to the parameter QoDQmax
If the value of Pmax exceeds the value of QoDQmax, the characteristic curve will be limited to QoDQmax at the value
QQoDmax and the reactive power value will remain constant at QoDQmax in the range from +QQoDmax to +Pmax.
If the value of ‒Pmax falls below the value of ‒QoDQmax, the characteristic curve will be limited to ‒QoDQmax at
the value ‒QQoDmax and the reactive power value will remain constant at ‒QoDQmax in the range from ‒Pmax to
‒QQoDmax.
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8.3.1.7
SMA America, LLC
Q at Night Depending on the Line Voltage: VArCtlVol Procedure
Contact the SMA Service Line before changing any parameters
The SMA Service Line must be consulted prior to selecting or configuring the VArCtlVol mode.
Validity of parameters in feed-in operation and in Q at Night operation
The parameters used for this mode are also valid for the VArCtlVol mode in feed-in operation.
• Make sure that the parameter settings meet the requirements of the VArCtlVol mode in feed-in operation and
in Q at Night operation.
The reactive power is configured as a function of the line voltage. The reactive power setpoint is adjusted in stages.
Figure 30: Characteristic curve for reducing reactive power as a function of the line voltage
If the line voltage is changed by the configurable voltage difference Q-VDif for the configurable duration of Q-VDifTm,
the reactive power setpoint will be adjusted by the value Q-VArGra.
The parameterization of this function refers to the medium voltage.
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8.3.1.8
8 Power Control
Measures for Voltage Support through Parameterization of Reactive Power/
Voltage Characteristic Curve: VArCtlVolHystDb Procedure
Contact the SMA Service Line before changing any parameters
The SMA Service Line must be consulted prior to selecting or configuring the VArCtlVolHystDb mode.
By supplying reactive power, the Sunny Central takes on voltage-stabilizing measures in the event of overvoltage or
undervoltage. The parameterization is carried out by means of a reactive power/voltage characteristic curve. The
characteristic curve can be flexibly configured by parameterizing the slope, a type of deadband through two voltage
points, and a hysteresis.
Figure 31: Characteristic curve for reducing reactive power without deadband and without hysteresis
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Figure 32: Characteristic curve for reducing reactive power with deadband
Figure 33: Characteristic curve for reducing reactive power with hysteresis
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8 Power Control
Figure 34: Characteristic curve for reducing reactive power with deadband and hysteresis
The parameter Q-VArTmsSpnt determines the delay time which must elapse before the calculated reactive power
setpoint is actively used.
To avoid mutual interference of several systems with this function, the parameter Q-VArTmsVtg can be used to set a
delay time. This delay time defines how long a voltage change must be pending before a change in reactive power
feed-in is triggered. Consequently, control of the line voltage at the grid connection point can be staggered across several
systems.
You can activate and deactivate the delay time by means of the parameter Q-EnaTmsVtg.
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9 Setting the Insulation Monitoring of the PV System
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9 Setting the Insulation Monitoring of the PV System
9.1 Setting the Insulation Monitoring of the PV System with GFDI and an
Insulation Monitoring Device
9.1.1
Safety during Insulation Monitoring of the PV System with GFDI and an
Insulation Monitoring Device
'$1*(5
Danger to life from electric shock due to live voltage
The components in the Sunny Central carry live voltage. Touching live components will result in death or serious injury.
• Switch the Sunny Central off.
• After switching the Sunny Central off, wait 15 minutes before opening the Sunny Central. This will ensure that the
capacitors are discharged.
• Do not touch any live components.
• Wear personal protective equipment.
Ground-fault monitoring with GFDI does not provide protection from personal injury.
The option "GFDI and insulation monitoring device" allows you to manually switch the PV array from grounded operation
to insulated operation. To ensure that there is no insulation error on the grounded terminal, an insulation measurement is
carried out. After switching to insulated operation, the insulation monitoring device checks each terminal of the PV array
for potential insulation errors.
Switching to insulated operation is useful whenever you need to perform maintenance or service work on or near the
PV array (e.g. cutting the grass) or to check the status of the insulation at regular intervals. After completion of the
maintenance work, the PV system should be switched to grounded operation once again.
9.1.2
Switching to Insulated Operation
1. Set the key switch on the Sunny Central to Stop.
2. Wait 15 minutes. This will ensure that the capacitors are discharged.
3. Open the Sunny Central.
4. Manually switch the GFDI circuit breaker off.
5. Close the Sunny Central.
6. Set the key switch on the Sunny Central to Start.
☑ The insulation monitoring device starts collecting data. If the parameter IsoErrIgn is set to On, the error
3504 - Insulation error ignored is displayed.
✖ After 15 minutes, the displayed error 3504 has not disappeared.
The insulation is defective.
• Have the insulation checked and, if necessary, repaired by a qualified person.
• Acknowledge the error (see Section 10.3, page 87).
7. After a few minutes, display the instantaneous value Riso on the user interface (see Section 6.1, page 50).
☑ The insulation resistance Riso is greater than 45 k Ω . It is safe to enter the PV system.
✖ The insulation resistance Riso is less than 45 k Ω ?
There is an insulation error and the PV system must not be entered.
• Have the insulation checked and, if necessary, repaired by a qualified person.
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9.1.3
9 Setting the Insulation Monitoring of the PV System
Switching to Grounded Operation
1. Set the key switch on the Sunny Central to Stop.
2. Wait 15 minutes. This will ensure that the capacitors are discharged.
3. Open the Sunny Central.
4. Switch on the GFDI circuit breaker on.
5. Close the Sunny Central.
6. Set the key switch on the Sunny Central to Start.
9.2 Setting the Insulation Monitoring of the PV System with Remote GFDI and
an Insulation Monitoring Device
9.2.1
Information on Insulating PV Modules Equipped with Remote GFDI and
Insulation Monitoring Device
Ground-fault monitoring with remote GFDI does not provide protection from injury.
The option "Remote GFDI and insulation monitoring device" allows the PV array to be switched automatically from
grounded operation to insulated operation. To ensure that there is no insulation error on the grounded terminal, an
insulation measurement is carried out. After switching to insulated operation, the insulation monitoring device checks each
terminal of the PV array for potential insulation errors.
Switching to insulated operation is useful whenever you need to perform maintenance or service work on or near the
PV array (e.g. cutting the grass) or to check the status of the insulation at regular intervals.
9.2.2
Switching to Insulated Operation
• Set the parameter RemMntSvc to On (see Section 6.2 "Changing Parameters", page 50).
☑ The insulation monitoring device starts collecting data. If the parameter IsoErrIgn is set to On, the error
3504 - Insulation error ignored is displayed.
✖ After 15 minutes, the displayed error 3504 has not disappeared.
The insulation is defective.
• Have the insulation checked and, if necessary, repaired by a qualified person.
• Acknowledge the error (see Section 10.3, page 87).
9.2.3
Switching to Grounded Operation
• Set the parameter RemMntSvc to Off (see Section 6.2 "Changing Parameters", page 50).
☑ Sunny Central is now in grounded operation.
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9.3 Setting the Insulation Monitoring of the PV System with Remote Soft
Grounding and an Insulation Monitoring Device
9.3.1
Information on Insulating PV Modules Equipped with Remote Soft
Grounding and Insulation Monitoring Device
Ground fault monitoring with remote soft grounding does not provide protection from injury.
The option "Remote soft grounding and insulation monitoring device" allows the PV array to be switched automatically
from grounded operation to insulated operation. To ensure that there is no insulation error on the grounded terminal,
an insulation measurement is carried out. After switching to insulated operation, the insulation monitoring device checks
each terminal of the PV array for potential insulation errors.
Switching to insulated operation is useful whenever you need to perform maintenance or service work on or near the
PV array (e.g. cutting the grass) or to check the status of the insulation at regular intervals.
9.3.2
Switching to Insulated Operation
• Set the parameter RemMntSvc to On (see Section 6.2, page 50).
☑ The insulation monitoring device starts collecting data. If the parameter IsoErrIgn is set to On, the error
3504 - Insulation error ignored is displayed.
✖ After 15 minutes, the displayed error 3504 has not disappeared.
The insulation is defective.
• Have the insulation checked and, if necessary, repaired by a qualified person.
• Acknowledge the error.
9.3.3
Switching to Grounded Operation
• Set the parameter RemMntSvc to Off (see Section 6.2, page 50).
☑ Sunny Central is now in grounded operation.
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10 Troubleshooting
10.1 Safety during Troubleshooting
'$1*(5
Danger to life from electric shock due to high voltages in the Sunny Central
Even under fault conditions, there will be high voltages present in the Sunny Central. Touching live components results
in death or serious injury due to electric shock.
• All activities described in this section must be carried out by qualified personnel only.
• Observe all safety precautions when working on the Sunny Central.
• Wear suitable personal protective equipment for all work on the devices.
• If you cannot remedy the disturbance with the help of this document, contact the SMA Service Line.
10.2 Reading Off Error Messages
If an error occurs, you can read off the error on the touch display or on the user interface.
10.2.1 Reading Off Error Messages via Touch Display
If an error occurs, the touch display shows a warning symbol.
Procedure:
• Select the
warning symbol.
☑ The touch display lists the error number, delay time, error message and the necessary corrective measure to
eliminate the error.
10.2.2 Reading Off Error Messages via the User Interface
You can read off errors on a PC or laptop via the user interface.
Procedure:
1. Log into the user interface.
2. To display the error number, select the instantaneous value ErrNo in the instantaneous value view.
3. To display the delay time, select the instantaneous value TmsRmg in the instantaneous value view.
4. To display the error message, select the Msg instantaneous value in the instantaneous value view.
5. To display the corrective measure, select the instantaneous value Dsc in the instantaneous value view.
10.3 Acknowledging Error Messages
Once the disturbance has been remedied, you can acknowledge the error message using the key switch on the
Sunny Central or via the user interface.
10.3.1 Acknowledging Error Messages via the Key Switch
Dealing with disturbances
Disturbance messages should only be acknowledged once the underlying causes have been eliminated.
If the causes of the error have not been eliminated, the error will still be detected after acknowledgment and the error
message will appear again.
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Procedure:
1. If an insulation error has occurred, switch the insulation monitoring device back on.
2. Turn the key switch to Stop, wait two seconds, and then turn back to Start.
10.3.2 Acknowledging Error Messages via the User Interface
Dealing with disturbances
Disturbance messages should only be acknowledged once the underlying causes have been eliminated.
If the causes of the error have not been eliminated, the error will still be detected after acknowledgment and the error
message will appear again.
You will only be able to acknowledge error messages via the user interface after entering the installer password.
Procedure:
1. If an insulation error has occurred, switch the insulation monitoring device back on.
2. Log into the user interface.
3. Select the parameter Ackn in the device that displayed the error and set to Ackn.
4. Confirm the entry with [Save].
10.4 Error Messages
10.4.1 Behavior of the Sunny Central under Fault Conditions
If a disturbance occurs during Sunny Central operation, this may be caused by a warning or error.
Each disturbance has two levels influencing display and system behavior. With certain disturbances, Sunny Central
behavior differs according to the level. The level is increased from 1 to 2 if the disturbance occurs five times within two
hours or without interruption for two hours.
A warning does not affect the behavior of the Sunny Central. The cause of the warning must be established and remedied.
If operation is interrupted due to an error, the Sunny Central switches to the "Fault" operating state and opens the DC
switchgear and the AC contactor. The word "Fault", the error number, error message and a symbol are displayed on the
touch display (see Section 10.2.1 "Reading Off Error Messages via Touch Display", page 87).
Once the cause of the error is rectified, the error has been acknowledged and is no longer displayed, it will be deleted
from the fault memory. To view previous errors after they have been deleted from the fault memory, an event and
disturbance file is saved on the SD memory card. The time of occurrence and the type of error are entered in the event
and disturbance file. This file also contains entries of relevance to service.
You will find the following information in the error tables in Sections 10.4.2, 10.4.3 and 10.4.4:
Information
Level
Behavior
Explanation
Error no.
‒
‒
Clearly identifies the present disturbance
Explanation
‒
‒
Identifies possible causes of the disturbance
Behavior of the
Sunny Central
88
Depends on the severity of the disturbance
Disturbanc Warning (W)
e level S1,
disturbance
level S2
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The Sunny Central has issued a warning that does not influence
the behavior of the Sunny Central.
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10 Troubleshooting
Information
Level
Behavior
Behavior of the
Sunny Central
Disturbanc Time
e level S1,
disturbance
level S2
Explanation
The Sunny Central has detected an error and switches into the
"Disturbance" operating state.
The AC contactor and the DC switchgear open. The
Sunny Central does not feed into the grid for the defined time.
The time specifies how long the error will be displayed on the
touch display and saved in the Sunny Central as an error. Once
the time has elapsed, the error disappears from the touch
display. The Sunny Central then checks whether the cause of the
error has been eliminated.
If the cause of the error still exists after the time has expired or
the error has been acknowledged, the error occurs again and
the Sunny Central remains in the "Disturbance" operating state.
Acknowledge (A) The Sunny Central switches to the "Disturbance" operating state
and opens the AC contactor and the DC switchgear. The
Sunny Central will not feed in until the error has been
acknowledged manually.
When the error has been acknowledged, it disappears from the
touch display. The Sunny Central then checks whether the cause
of the error has been eliminated.
If the error is no longer present, it is deleted from the memory.
If the cause of the error is still present after the error has been
acknowledged, the error will recur.
Day change (D)
The Sunny Central switches to the operating state "Disturbance",
opens the AC contactor and the DC switchgear and stops
feeding in.
The error message is automatically reset when the day changes.
Once the error has been reset, it disappears from the touch
display. The Sunny Central then checks whether the cause of the
error has been rectified.
If the error is no longer present, it is deleted from the memory.
If the cause of the error is still present after the day has changed
or after the error has been acknowledged, the error will recur.
PV system-spec.
(C)
The Sunny Central switches to the operating state "Disturbance",
opens the AC contactor and the DC switchgear and stops
feeding in. How long the Sunny Central remains in this state
depends on system-specific influencing factors.
Once the time has elapsed, the error disappears from the touch
display. The Sunny Central then checks whether the cause of the
error has been eliminated. If the error is no longer present, it is
deleted from the memory.
Corrective
measures
Operating Manual
Reset (R)
‒
Restarts the control system. The relays are checked and the
voltage supply to the control system is switched off. This process
takes less than one minute. During power-up of the control
system, the Sunny Central complies with the regular waiting
times for grid monitoring.
‒
‒
These specify measures that can help you rectify the error.
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10.4.2 Error Numbers 01xx to 13xx - Disturbance on the Utility Grid
After a grid failure, the Sunny Central monitors the utility grid for a specific period until it reconnects.
When the Sunny Central monitors the utility grid after a grid error, the grid monitoring time is observed.
Certain grid errors cause the Sunny Central to shut down. In this case, the instantaneous value TmsRmg indicates the
time for which the Sunny Central monitors the utility grid before reconnecting. This grid monitoring time can be defined in
parameter GdErrTm.
Error no.
Explanation
Behavior of the Sunny
Central
S1
S2
R
Line voltage is too high.
Overvoltage detected by
redundant monitoring.
30 s
30 s
‒
0104*
Line voltage is too high.
Overvoltage detected by
standard monitoring.
C
C
‒
0203*
Line voltage is too low.
Undervoltage detected by
redundant monitoring.
30 s
30 s
‒
0204*
Line voltage is too low.
Undervoltage detected by
standard monitoring.
30 s
30 s
‒
0205
One line conductor of the
utility grid has failed.
30 s
30 s
‒
0502*
Power frequency is too
low. Power frequency fault
detected by standard
monitoring.
30 s
30 s
‒
0503*
Power frequency is too
high. Power frequency fault
detected by standard
monitoring.
30 s
30 s
‒
0504*
Power frequency is too
low. Power frequency fault
detected by redundant
monitoring.
30 s
30 s
‒
0505*
Power frequency is too
high. Power frequency fault
detected by redundant
monitoring.
30 s
30 s
‒
0506*
The Sunny Central has
detected a stand-alone
grid and disconnected
from the utility grid.
W
W
‒
0103*
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Corrective measures
• Check the line voltage.
• Check the grid connections.
• Check stability of the utility grid.
• Make sure the external fuses function
properly.
• Make sure the AC cable connections
are securely connected.
• Check power frequency.
• Check the grid monitoring relay
display.
• Make sure the fuses in the load circuit
function properly.
• Check power frequency.
Operating Manual
SMA America, LLC
Error no.
0801
Explanation
One line conductor of the
utility grid has failed.
10 Troubleshooting
Behavior of the Sunny
Central
S1
S2
R
30 s
30 s
‒
Corrective measures
• Check the line voltage.
• Make sure the external fuses function
properly.
• Make sure the AC cable connections
are securely connected.
1301
1500
Left rotating magnetic field
is connected.
30 s
The conditions for grid
reconnection are not met
after a grid error.
W
Q
‒
• Check phase position.
• Make sure all fuses are switched on.
W
‒
• Check power frequency and line
voltage.
* Depending on the parameterization, the error message must be acknowledged manually.
10.4.3 Error Number 34xx to 40xx - Disturbance on PV Array
Error no.
Explanation
Behavior of the Sunny
Central
Corrective measures
S1
S2
R
The voltage of the PV array
is too high.
15 min
30 min
‒
• Check the DC input voltage.
3404
Open-circuit voltage is too
high. Disturbance detected
through standard
monitoring.
15 min
30 min
‒
• Check the module wiring and PV system
design.
3406
DC voltage is too high.
15 min
30 min
‒
3501
The insulation monitoring
device has measured an
inadequate grounding
resistance.
C
C
‒
3403
• Check the PV array for ground faults.
With the options "GFDI
and insulation monitoring
device" and "Remote GFDI
and insulation monitoring
device", the insulation
monitoring device is only
active when the GFDI or
the remote GFDI is open.
3502
The GFDI has tripped.
C
C
‒
3504
The insulation monitoring
device has detected an
insulation error. Since the
parameter IsoErrIgn is set
to On, this error is ignored.
W
W
‒
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Error no.
Explanation
SMA America, LLC
Behavior of the Sunny
Central
S1
S2
R
3507
A ground fault has
occurred on the
ungrounded pole of the PV
array.
Q
Q
‒
3510
The Sunny Central has
found an insulation error
on the inverter bridge.
Q
Q
‒
3511
The Sunny Central has
found an insulation error.
W
W
‒
3512
The remote GFDI has
detected a permanent
ground fault.
Q
Q
‒
3515
A ground fault detected
through soft grounding has
been ignored.
W
W
‒
3517
Insulation measuring is
being performed.
W
W
-
3601
Leakage current to ground
is present on the PV array.
W
W
‒
Corrective measures
• Check the PV array for ground faults.
• Check the grounding and equipotential
bonding.
• Check the module wiring and PV system
design.
3803
4000
The current of the PV array
is too high.
1 min
D
x
The string-failure detection
has detected a defective
string. The number of the
defective string can be
read off in the
instantaneous value
SSMUWrnCode.
W
W
-
30 s
Q
‒
• Check the DC input current.
• Check the module wiring and PV system
design.
-
The error number appears
only on the display.
4003
Reverse currents detected
in the PV array or DC
terminal reverse poled.
• Check PV modules for short circuits.
• Check the module wiring and PV system
design.
• Check the DC connections for correct
polarity.
• Check the functionality of the entire
string.
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10 Troubleshooting
10.4.4 Error Numbers 60xx to 90xx - Disturbance on the Sunny Central
Error no.
Explanation
Behavior of the Sunny
Central
S1
S2
R
6002
Calibration data cannot be
loaded.
Q
Q
‒
6113
Data block cannot be
loaded from the EEPROM
or the channel list has
changed (e.g. after a
firmware update)
W
W
‒
6115
Hardware thresholds on
the D/A converters cannot
be set.
5 min
5 min
x
6116
Real-time clock is not
initialized.
W
W
‒
6117
Device address not
recognized.
5 min
5 min
x
6118
Invalid parameter file.
W
W
‒
6119
The data structure for the
exchange between the
operation control unit and
the digital signal processor
is invalid.
5 min
5 min
x
6120
Error during tripping of the
watchdog
30 s
W
‒
6121
No response from the
watchdog
30 s
W
‒
6122
Ten internal monitoring
errors have occurred in
succession.
W
5 min
‒
6123
Processing time for a task
exceeded
-
-
‒
6128
General error
5 min
5 min
x
6129
General warning
D
D
‒
6404
Overcurrent on the L1, L2
or L3 line conductors.
C
Q
x
6405
Overvoltage in the DC link.
30 s
5 min
‒
6410
24 V voltage supply is
invalid.
5 min
5 min
x
6417
15 V voltage supply is
invalid.
5 min
5 min
x
6418
Overtemperature on the
inverter bridge.
5 min
15 min
‒
Operating Manual
Corrective measures
• Contact the SMA Service Line.
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10 Troubleshooting
Error no.
Explanation
SMA America, LLC
Behavior of the Sunny
Central
S1
S2
R
Corrective measures
6422
The inverter bridge is in an
undefined state.
30 s
5 min
‒
6423
Overtemperature detected
in the switch cabinet.
5 min
30 min
‒
6425
Synchronization error with
the utility grid.
30 s
5 min
x
6427
Sensor error of the DC
voltage measurement.
30 s
C
‒
6440
Hermetic protection of the
transformer no longer
exists.
30 s
5 min
‒
• Check external transformer.
6441
Sensor error occurred
during measurement of the
DC voltage.
30 s
30 s
‒
• Contact the SMA Service Line.
6442
Current measurement
function of SMIDCTs faulty.
W
W
-
6443
An unspecified error has
occurred in the digital
signal processor.
30 s
30 s
x
6447
Self-test in inverter bridge
has failed.
Q
Q
‒
6448
Insulation monitoring is
supplying non-permitted
values.
W
W
‒
• Check insulation monitoring.
6451
Measured AC voltage
from the Sunny Central is
less than the voltage from
the utility grid.
W
W
‒
• Contact the SMA Service Line.
6452
Measured AC voltage
from the utility grid is less
than the voltage from the
Sunny Central.
W
W
‒
6453
AC voltage of grid limits
monitoring is mismatched.
W
W
‒
6454
AC current failure
W
W
‒
6455
AC voltage failure
W
W
‒
6456
Precharging switch of DC
link is defective.
W
W
‒
6457
Capacitor self-test has
failed.
W
W
‒
94
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• Contact the SMA Service Line.
Operating Manual
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Error no.
Explanation
10 Troubleshooting
Behavior of the Sunny
Central
Corrective measures
S1
S2
R
Internal temperature in the
Sunny Central is too high.
30 s
1 min
‒
6502
The temperature at the
inverter bridge is too high.
30 s
1 min
‒
6508
The outside temperature is
too high.
30 s
1 min
‒
6605
Fast stop has tripped.
30 s
1 min
‒
• Contact the SMA Service Line.
7001
Cable break or short circuit
at the Sunny Central
temperature sensor.
W
W
‒
W
W
‒
• Check the wiring of the temperature
sensor.
W
W
‒
W
W
‒
W
W
‒
• Check function of the fans.
W
W
‒
• Clean the fans.
• Clean dirty fan inlets and ventilation
plates.
6501
7002
7004
7006
7501
Internal fan is defective.
7502
• Clean the fans.
7503
Stack fan is defective.
W
W
‒
7507
Motor-protective
circuit-breaker of the fan
has tripped.
W
W
‒
7600
The communication
between the touch display
and the SC-COM is
interrupted. The error
number appears only on
the display.
W
W
-
Internal Sunny Central
error.
30 s
1 min
x
7602
An internal communication
error has occurred.
30 s
1 min
x
30 s
1 min
x
30 s
Q
‒
7704
Contactor error at the DC
disconnection point.
• Clean dirty fan inlets and ventilation
plates.
• Contact the SMA Service Line.
• Check the connection between the
touch display and the SC-COM.
• Contact the SMA Service Line.
7601
7605
• Check function of the fans.
• Contact the SMA Service Line.
• When disconnecting the Sunny Central
from voltage sources, check that all
motor-driven circuit breaker switches
are set to the "OFF" position. If not, set
all of the switches to the "OFF" position
(see Sunny Central installation manual).
• Contact the SMA Service Line.
Operating Manual
SCCP-BE-D4btf-US-en-22
95
10 Troubleshooting
Error no.
Explanation
SMA America, LLC
Behavior of the Sunny
Central
S1
S2
R
Corrective measures
7706
Error at the digital input of
the AC disconnection
point.
30 s
Q
‒
• Contact the SMA Service Line.
7707
Contactor error at the AC
disconnection point.
30 s
Q
‒
7708
No remote GFDI response.
W
W
‒
7709
90% of the switch cycles of
the DC switchgear is
reached.
10 s
10 s
‒
7710
100% of the switch cycles
of the DC switchgear is
reached.
30 s
30 s
‒
7714
Maximum number of
switch cycles of the GDFI
reached.
30 s
30 s
‒
• Replace GFDI.
7801
Surge arrester is defective.
W
W
‒
• Check surge arrester.
7901
A reverse current has
occurred in the PV array.
1 min
C
x
• Contact the SMA Service Line.
8701
External active power
setpoints are smaller than
2 mA and therefore
invalid.
W
W
‒
The last valid value is used
or Pmax is used after the
day has changed. Once
valid setpoints are
available again, they are
used.
8702
Several digital active
power specifications
available.
W
W
‒
8703
External displacement
power factor cos φ is
invalid.
W
W
‒
8704
External active and
reactive power setpoints
are invalid.
W
W
‒
9000
Power electronics self-test
running. This message
disappears once the
self-test has run.
W
W
‒
9008
Doors have been opened
during operation.
30 s
1 min
x
96
SCCP-BE-D4btf-US-en-22
Operating Manual
SMA America, LLC
Error no.
Explanation
10 Troubleshooting
Behavior of the Sunny
Central
S1
S2
R
9009
The fast stop has been
manually tripped.
30 s
30 s
‒
9013
This is a grid safety
shutdown (see Section
3.8.7). The error is reset via
a signal from the grid
operator or from the safety
system of the grid transfer
point.
30 s
30 s
‒
9019
Defective fast stop
30 s
C
-
Operating Manual
Corrective measures
• Eliminate the error and switch the fast
stop back on.
• Check the connection of the fast stop
SCCP-BE-D4btf-US-en-22
97
11 Operating Data
SMA America, LLC
11 Operating Data
11.1 Sunny Central
11.1.1 Power Limitation
Error Messages and Warnings relating to Active Power Limitation
Name
Display
Description
P-WModFailStt
Off
No mode of active power limitation has been selected.
OK
A mode of active power limitation has been selected and there
are no errors present.
ComFail
The WCtlCom mode has been selected and the expected
signal with a valid active power limit has been absent for at
least five minutes.
AnInFail
The WCnstNomAnIn mode has been selected and the value
measured at the analog input is less than 2 mA.
ComInvalid
The WCtlCom mode has been selected and there is invalid
content in the information on the power specification.
Status Messages of Active Power Limitation
Name
Display
Description
P-WModStt
Off
No mode of active power limitation has been selected.
WMax
Active power is limited by specification of an upper limit.
This limit is relative to Pmax.
Hz
Active power is limited by a frequency increase.
Tmp
Active power is limited by temperature derating.
AmpPv
Active power is limited via a PV current limitation.
AmpAC
Active power is limited via an AC current limitation.
98
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11 Operating Data
Errors and Warnings relating to the Reactive Power Setpoint
Name
Display
Description
Q-VArModFailStt
Off
No mode for specifying the reactive power setpoint has been
selected.
OK
A mode for specifying the reactive power setpoint has been
selected and there are no errors.
ComFail
The VArCtlCom or PFCtlCom mode has been selected and the
expected signal with a valid reactive power setpoint has been
absent for at least five minutes.
AnInFail
The VArCnstNomAnIn or PFCnstNomAnIn mode has been
selected and the value measured at the analog input is less than
2 mA.
ComInvalid
The VArCtlCom or PFCtlCom mode has been selected and the
information on the power specification settings contains invalid
content.
Displacement Power Factor and Power Setpoint
Name
Description
PF
Current displacement power factor cos φ
PFExt
Current excitation of displacement power factor cos φ
P-WSpt
Current specified power output
11.1.2 Error Channels
Name
Description
Prio
Priority of error message
Msg
Error message
Dsc
Error elimination measure
TmsRmg
Time until reconnection
Mode
Operating state of the Sunny Central
Error
Localization of error
ErrNo
Error number
ErrNoFirst
Error number of the first error
11.1.3 Measured Values
Name
Description
Vac
Line voltage in V
Iac
Line current in A
Pac
AC power in kW
Qac
Reactive power in kVAr
Sac
Apparent power in kVA
Operating Manual
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11 Operating Data
SMA America, LLC
Name
Description
Fac
Power frequency in Hz
Vpv
PV voltage in V
Ipv
PV current in A
Ppv
PV power in kW
ExlAnaInCur1
Current at the analog input in A
ExlAnaInV1
Voltage at the analog input in V
Riso
Insulation resistance
11.1.4 Internal Device Values
Name
Description
DInExlStrStp
Status of remote shutdown unit
DInKeySwStrStp
Status of key switch
DInGfdi
Status of GFDI
DOutMntSvc
Status of signal light
Firmware
Firmware version of the operation control unit
Firmware 2
Firmware version of the digital signal processor
Cntry
Country setting or configured standard
Dt
Date
Tm
Time
Type
Device type
11.1.5 Internal Meters
Name
Description
h-On
Operating hours of Sunny Central, in h
h-Total
Feed-in hours of Sunny Central, in h
E-total
Total energy fed into the grid, in kWh
E-Today
Energy fed into the grid during the current day, in kWh
CntFanHs*
Operating hours of heat sink fan, in h
CntFanTrf1
Operating hours of transformer fan 1, in h
CntFanTrf2
Operating hours of transformer fan 2, in h
CntFanCab1*
Operating hours of interior fan 1, in h
CntFanCab2*
Operating hours of interior fan 2, in h
CntHrCab1*
Operating hours of heater 1, in h
CntHtCab2*
Operating hours of heater 2, in h
CntGfdiSw
Number of GFDI trippings
h-HighV
Operating hours at high DC voltage
* These instantaneous values can only be seen after entering the installer password.
100
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Operating Manual
SMA America, LLC
11 Operating Data
11.1.6 Service-Relevant Display Values
Display values that are only relevant to SMA are listed below.
Name
Description
BfrSolIrr
Service information for SMA
CardStt
ExtSolIrr
Firmware-3
Firmware-4
Firmware-5
Firmware-6
Firmware-7
Firmware-8
Firmware-9
Fb_SVMMode
GriSwStt
InfFlgs
LvrtVtgNom
ManResStt
Mode
ParaSetStt
StkErrFirst
StkErrFlgs
SvmMode
11.2 Sunny Central String-Monitor Controller
11.2.1 Instantaneous Values
Name
Description
MeanCurGr1
Mean current for group 1; mean value exists for all 6 groups
SSMUWrnCode
String-failure detection
SSMUNoOf
Number of Sunny String-Monitors found
11.2.2 Internal Device Values
Name
Description
h-On
Operating hours of Sunny Central String-Monitor Controller
SysDt
System date
SysTm
System time
Operating Manual
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101
11 Operating Data
SMA America, LLC
11.2.3 Status Values
Name
Description
Error
Error detected by the Sunny Central String-Monitor Controller
Mode
Operating state of the Sunny Central String-Monitor Controller
ParaCfg
Error in the monitoring time parameterization detected
SSMUWrnTxt
Warning message
11.3 Sunny String-Monitor
11.3.1 Instantaneous Values
Name
Description
IString 1
Mean current value of string 1 over the last 30 seconds; mean value exists for all eight
measuring channels
11.3.2 Internal Device Values
Name
Description
Alarm contact 1
Status of alarm contact 1
Alarm contact 2
Status of alarm contact 2
Network address
Network address of the Sunny String-Monitor
Serial number
Serial number of the Sunny String-Monitor
11.3.3 Status Values
Name
Description
Error
Error detected by the Sunny String-Monitor
Status
Operating status of the Sunny String-Monitor
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12 Parameters
12 Parameters
12.1 Sunny Central
12.1.1 Power Limitation
Name
Description
Plimit*
Nominal device power
Pmax**
P-WMod**
Limitation of the nominal
power of the Sunny
Central
Specification of active
power limitation mode
Value/range
Explanation
Default
value
0 kW to 550 kW
SC 500CP XT
550 kW
0 kW to 700 kW
SC 630CP XT
700 kW
0 kW to 792 kW
SC 720CP XT
792 kW
0 kW to 836 kW
SC 760CP XT
836 kW
0 kW to 880 kW
SC 800CP XT
880 kW
0 kW to 935 kW
SC 850CP XT
935 kW
0 kW to 990 kW
SC 900CP XT
990 kW
0 kW to 550 kW
SC 500CP XT
550 kW
0 kW to 700 kW
SC 630CP XT
700 kW
0 kW to 792 kW
SC 720CP XT
792 kW
0 kW to 836 kW
SC 760CP XT
836 kW
0 kW to 880 kW
SC 800CP XT
880 kW
0 kW to 935 kW
SC 850CP XT
935 kW
0 kW to 990 kW
SC 900CP XT
990 kW
Off
Limits active power to Pmax
WCtlCom
Limits active power via an
external control unit, such as
the Power Reducer Box
WCnst
Manually limits the active
power in kW (P-W) via
communication devices
WCnstNom
Manually limits the active
power in % (P-WNom) via
communication devices
WCnstNomAnIn
Limits active power in % at
the analog input
WCnstNomDigIn
Limits active power at the
digital input
Off
This procedure is not
supported.
Operating Manual
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103
12 Parameters
SMA America, LLC
Name
Description
P-W
Limitation of active
power in kW
The active power
cannot exceed Pmax.
Value/range
Explanation
Default
value
0 kW to 1,000 kW
SC 500CP-JP
550 kW
0 kW to 1,000 kW
SC 500CP XT
550 kW
0 kW to 1,000 kW
SC 630CP XT
700 kW
0 kW to 1,000 kW
SC 720CP XT
792 kW
0 kW to 1,000 kW
SC 760CP XT
836 kW
0 kW to 1,000 kW
SC 800CP XT
880 kW
0 kW to 1,000 kW
SC 850CP XT
935 kW
0 kW to 1,000 kW
SC 900CP XT
990 kW
P-WNom
Limitation of active
power in %
0% to 100%
WCtlHzMod**
Frequency control
setpoint
Off
Deactivated
On
Activated
P-HzStr**
Starting point of
frequency control
country-specific
‒
countryspecific
P-HzStop**
End point of frequency
control
country-specific
‒
countryspecific
P-WGra**
Gradient of power
reduction
1%/Hz to 100%/Hz
‒
countryspecific
Qlimit*
Reactive power of
device
0 kVAr to 245 kVAr
SC 500CP XT
245 kVAr
0 kVAr to 310 kVAr
SC 630CP XT
310 kVAr
0 kVAr to 346 kVAr
SC 720CP XT
346 kVAr
0 kVAr to 365 kVAr
SC 760CP XT
365 kVAr
0 kVAr to 385 kVAr
SC 800CP XT
385 kVAr
0 kVAr to 409 kVAr
SC 850CP XT
409 kVAr
0 kVAr to 433 kVAr
SC 900CP XT
433 kVAr
0 kVAr to 245 kVAr
SC 500CP XT
245 kVAr
0 kVAr to 310kVAr
SC 630CP XT
310 kVAr
0 kVAr to 346 kVAr
SC 720CP XT
346 kVAr
0 kVAr to 365 kVAr
SC 760CP XT
365 kVAr
0 kVAr to 385 kVAr
SC 800CP XT
385 kVAr
0 kVAr to 409 kVAr
SC 850CP XT
409 kVAr
0 kVAr to 433 kVAr
SC 900CP XT
433 kVAr
Qmax**
104
Limitation of the reactive
power of the
Sunny Central
SCCP-BE-D4btf-US-en-22
‒
100%
countryspecific
Operating Manual
SMA America, LLC
12 Parameters
Name
Description
QoDQmax*
Limitation of the reactive
power of the
Sunny Central in the
operating state
"Q at Night"
The reactive power
cannot exceed Qlimit.
PFAbsMin*
Limitation of the
displacement power
factor cos φ
Q-VArMod**
Specification of the
reactive power setpoint
mode
Operating Manual
Value/range
Explanation
Default
value
0 kVAr to 165 kVAr
SC 500CP XT
165 kVAr
0 kVAr to 210 kVAr
SC 630CP XT
210 kVAr
0 kVAr to 238 kVAr
SC 720CP XT
238 kVAr
0 kVAr to 238 kVAr
SC 760CP XT
251 kVAr
0 kVAr to 251 kVAr
SC 800CP XT
264 kVAr
0 kVAr to 281 kVAr
SC 850CP XT
281 kVAr
0 kVAr to 297 kVAr
SC 900CP XT
297 kVAr
0.5 to 1
Off
‒
0.9
Sets reactive power to
0 kVAr and displacement
power factor cos φ to 1
Off
VArCtlCom
Specifies the reactive power
via an external control unit
such as the Power Reducer
Box
PFCtlCom
Specifies the displacement
power factor cos φ and the
excitation of the
displacement power factor
via an external control unit
such as the Power Reducer
Box
VArCnst
Specifies reactive power in
kVAr via the parameter
Q-VAr
VArCnstNom
Specifies reactive power in
% via the parameter
Q-VArNom
VArCnstNomAnIn
The reactive power setpoint
is imported via an analog
input.
PFCnst
Manually specifies the
displacement power factor
cos φ and the excitation of
the displacement power
factor via the parameters
PF-PF and PF-PFExt
PFCnstAnIn
Specifies the displacement
power factor cos φ at the
analog input QExlSpnt via
control unit
SCCP-BE-D4btf-US-en-22
105
12 Parameters
SMA America, LLC
Name
Description
Q-VArMod**
Specification of the
reactive power setpoint
mode
QoDQ-VArMod**
Q-VAr
Specifies the reactive
power setpoint mode in
the operating state
"Q at Night"
Value/range
Explanation
Default
value
PFCtlW
Specifies the displacement
power factor cos φ as a
function of the feed-in power
VArCtlVol
Specifies reactive power as
a function of line voltage
VArCtlVolHystDb
Specifies reactive power as
a function of line voltage (Q
= f(V) characteristic curve)
Off
Sets reactive power to
0 kVAr and displacement
power factor cos φ to 1
VArCtlCom
Specifies the reactive power
via an external control unit
such as the Power Reducer
Box
VArCnst
Specifies reactive power in
kVAr via the parameter
QoDQ-VAr
VArCnstNom
Specifies reactive power in
% via the parameter
QoDQ-VArNom
VArCnstNomAnIn
The reactive power setpoint
is imported via an analog
input.
VArCtlVol
Specifies reactive power as
a function of line voltage
VArCtlVolHystDb
Specifies reactive power as
a function of the line voltage
(Q = f(V) characteristic
curve)
Reactive power in kVAr − 245 kVAr to +245 kVAr SC 500CP XT
Off
Off
0 kVAr
− 310 kVAr to +310 kVAr SC 630CP XT
− 346 kVAr to +346 kVAr SC 720CP XT
− 365 kVAr to +365 kVAr SC 760CP XT
− 385 kVAr to +385 kVAr SC 800CP XT
− 409 kVAr to +409 kVAr SC 850CP XT
− 433 kVAr to +433 kVAr SC 900CP XT
106
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12 Parameters
Name
Description
Value/range
Explanation
Default
value
QoDQ-Var**
Reactive power in kVAr − 245 kVAr to +245 kVAr SC 500CP XT
in the operating state
− 310 kVAr to +310 kVAr SC 630CP XT
"Q at Night"
− 346 kVAr to +346 kVAr SC 720CP XT
0 kVAr
− 365 kVAr to +365 kVAr SC 760CP XT
− 385 kVAr to +385 kVAr SC 800CP XT
− 409 kVAr to +409 kVAr SC 850CP XT
− 433 kVAr to +433 kVAr SC 900CP XT
Q-VArNom
Reactive power in %
− 100% to 100%
‒
0
QoDQ-VArNom
Reactive power in % in
the operating state
"Q at Night"
− 100% to 100%
‒
0
PF-PF
Displacement power
factor cos φ
0.9 to 1
‒
1
The lower limit is
defined by the
parameter PFAbsMin.
PF-PFExt
PF-PFStr**
Excitation of the
displacement power
factor cos φ
OvExt
Overexcited
UnExt
Underexcited
Displacement power
factor cos φ at
characteristic curve
point 1
0.5 to 1
‒
OvExt
0.9
The lower limit is
defined by the
parameter PFAbsMin.
PF-PFExtStr**
PF-PFStop**
Excitation of the
displacement power
factor cos φ at
characteristic curve
point 1
OvExt
Overexcited
UnExt
Underexcited
Displacement power
factor cos φ at
characteristic curve
point 2
0.5 to 1
‒
OvExt
0.9
The lower limit is
defined by the
parameter PFAbsMin.
PF-PFExtStop**
Operating Manual
Excitation of the
displacement power
factor cos φ at
characteristic curve
point 2
OvExt
Overexcited
UnExt
Underexcited
SCCP-BE-D4btf-US-en-22
OvExt
107
12 Parameters
SMA America, LLC
Name
Description
Value/range
Explanation
Default
value
PF-WStr**
Specifies the feed-in
power in % at
characteristic curve
point 1
0% to 90%
‒
0%
PF-WStop**
Specifies the feed-in
power in % at
characteristic curve
point 2
10% to 100%
‒
100%
Q-VDif**
Definition of voltage
change that leads to a
change in reactive
power.
0.1% to 10%
The value refers to the
nominal voltage VRtg.
1%
Q-VArGra**
Definition of the reactive
power setpoint change
in one voltage step.
0% to 100%
The value refers to the
nominal power Pmax.
1%
Q-VDifTm**
Time period for which a
voltage change must be
present before the
reactive power setpoint
Q-VArGra is changed.
0 s to 120 s
‒
1s
Q-VRtgOfsNom**
Changes the nominal
voltage VRtg of
voltage-dependent
reactive power control
− 10% to +10%
‒
0%
The parameter is active
only if parameter
Q-VArMod is set to
VArCtlCol
Q-VArGraNom**
Reactive power
gradient
Q-VolWidNom**
Voltage spread
Q-VolNomP1**
0%/V to 20.0%/V
SC 500CP XT
0%/V to 15.7%/V
SC 630CP XT
0%/V to 13.8%/V
SC 720CP XT
0%/V to 13.2%/V
SC 760CP XT
0%/V to 12.5%/V
SC 800CP XT
0%/V to 11.7%/V
SC 850CP XT
0%/V to 11.1%/V
SC 900CP XT
0 %/V
0% to 20%
‒
0%
Voltage at point 1
80% to 120%
‒
100%
Q-VolNomP2**
Voltage at point 2
80% to 120%
‒
100%
Q-VArTmsSpnt**
Time setting of the
characteristic curve
point
0.2 s to 20 s
‒
10 s
Q-VArTmsVtg**
Delay of line voltage
0.2 s to 20 s
‒
10 s
108
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12 Parameters
Name
Description
Q-EnaTmsVtg**
Connection delay of
line voltage
Off
‒
On
‒
WGra**
Active power change
gradient
1%/s to 100%/s
‒
WGraEna**
Activation of the active
power change gradient
WGraReconEna** Activation of the
decoupling protection
ramp for reconnection
PwrApLimitPrio***
SDLimComSrc***
Prioritization of reactive
power or active power
Selection of the SDLimit
source
P-WSubVal
Proxy value for active
power limitation outside
of normal feed-in
operation in case of
communication
disturbance
Q-VArSubVal
Proxy value for reactive
power setpoint outside
of normal feed-in
operation in case of
communication
disturbance
Value/range
Explanation
Off
Deactivated
On
Activated
Off
Deactivated
On
Activated
PrioPwrRt
Prioritization of reactive
power
PrioPwrAt
Prioritization of active power
CAN
COM
UART
Via SMA Net
0 kW to 1000 kW
‒
− 220 kVAr to +220 kVAr SC 500CP-JP
Default
value
Off
100%/s
On
countryspecific
PrioPwrRt
UART
990 kW
0 kVAr
− 245 kVAr to +245 kVAr SC 500CP XT
− 310 kVAr to +310 kVAr SC 630CP XT
− 346 kVAr to +346 kVAr SC 720CP XT
− 365 kVAr to +365 kVAr SC 760CP XT
− 385 kVAr to +385 kVAr SC 800CP XT
− 409 kVAr to +409 kVAr SC 850CP XT
− 433 kVAr to +433 kVAr SC 900CP XT
PF-PFSubVal
Proxy value for cos φ
outside of normal
feed-in operation in
case of communication
disturbance
0.9 to 1
PF-PFExtSubVal
Proxy value for
excitation type in case
of communication
disturbance
OvExt
Overexcited
UnExt
Underexcited
Operating Manual
‒
SCCP-BE-D4btf-US-en-22
1
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109
12 Parameters
SMA America, LLC
Name
Description
P-WSubValRun
Proxy value for active
power limitation in
normal feed-in
operation in case of
communication
disturbance
Q-VArSubValRun
Proxy value for reactive
power setpoint in
normal feed-in
operation in case of
communication
disturbance
Value/range
0 kW to 1,000 kW
Explanation
Default
value
‒
990 kW
− 245 kVAr to +245 kVAr SC 500CP XT
0 kVAr
− 310 kVAr to +310 kVAr SC 630CP XT
− 346 kVAr to +346 kVAr SC 720CP XT
− 365 kVAr to +365 kVAr SC 760CP XT
− 385 kVAr to +385 kVAr SC 800CP XT
− 409 kVAr to +409 kVAr SC 850CP XT
− 433 kVAr to +433 kVAr SC 900CP XT
PF-PFSubValRun
Proxy value for cos φ in
normal feed-in
operation in case of
communication
disturbance
PF-PFExtSubValR
Proxy value for
excitation type during
normal feed-in
operation in case of
communication
disturbance
OvExt
Overexcited
UnExt
Underexcited
Procedure used in case
of communication
disturbance
LastVal
Use of last setpoint
specifications received
SubVal
Use of proxy values
PwrMonErrMod
0.9 to 1
‒
1
OvExt
PwrMonErrTm
Communication
downtime until proxy
values are used
1 s to 999 s
QoDEna
Enable/disable "Q at
Night" function
Off
"Q at Night" function
disabled
On
"Q at Night" function
enabled
QoDDccOffDelay* Delay time until the DC
switchgear opens in the
operating state
"Q at Night"
0 s to 86,400 s
‒
LastVal
300 s
‒
Off
3600 s
* You can only view this parameter.
** To change this parameter, you must enter the installer password.
*** To view or change this parameter, you must enter the installer password.
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12 Parameters
12.1.2 Grid Monitoring/Grid Limits
The thresholds for line voltage and power frequency are configured in accordance with IEEE 1547. If inverter grid
monitoring is to be performed in accordance with IEEE 1547, only the parameters relevant for IEEE 1547 must be left
unchanged.
Name
Description
VRtg*
Nominal line voltage of the
utility grid
1 V to 70,000 V
‒
20,000 V
VCtlMax*
Threshold for overvoltage
release level 3
100% to 150%
‒
country-specific
VCtlMaxTm*
Tripping time for overvoltage
level 3
0 ms to
1,000,000 ms
‒
country-specific
VCtlhhLim*
Threshold for overvoltage
release level 2
100% to 150%
If this parameter is
changed, grid
monitoring will no
longer be in
accordance with
IEEE 1547.
120%
VCtlhhLimTm*
Tripping time for overvoltage
level 2
0 ms to
1,000,000 ms
If this parameter is
changed, grid
monitoring will no
longer be in
accordance with
IEEE 1547.
1,000 ms
VCtlhLim*
Threshold for overvoltage
release level 1
100% to 150%
If this parameter is
changed, grid
monitoring will no
longer be in
accordance with
IEEE 1547.
110%
VCtlhLimTm*
Tripping time for overvoltage
level 1
0 ms to
1,000,000 ms
If this parameter is
changed, grid
monitoring will no
longer be in
accordance with
IEEE 1547.
160 ms
VCtllLim*
Threshold for undervoltage
release level 1
0% to 100%
If this parameter is
changed, grid
monitoring will no
longer be in
accordance with
IEEE 1547.
88%
VCtllLimTm*
Tripping time for undervoltage
level 1
0 ms to
1,000,000 ms
If this parameter is
changed, grid
monitoring will no
longer be in
accordance with
IEEE 1547.
2,000 ms
Operating Manual
Range
Explanation
SCCP-BE-D4btf-US-en-22
Default value
111
12 Parameters
SMA America, LLC
Name
Description
VCtlllLim*
Threshold for undervoltage
release level 2
VCtlllLimTm*
Tripping time for undervoltage
level 2
VCtlMin*
Threshold for undervoltage
release level 3
VCtlMinTm*
Range
Explanation
Default value
0% to 100%
If this parameter is
changed, grid
monitoring will no
longer be in
accordance with
IEEE 1547.
50%
0 ms to
1,000,000 ms
If this parameter is
changed, grid
monitoring will no
longer be in
accordance with
IEEE 1547.
160 ms
0% to 100%
‒
country-specific
Tripping time for undervoltage
level 3
0 ms to
1,000,000 ms
‒
country-specific
VCtlPeakMax*
Threshold for overvoltage
120% to 150%
‒
country-specific
VCtlPeakMaxTm*
Tripping time for overvoltage
0 ms to 20 ms
‒
country-specific
VCtlOpMinNom*
Minimum connection voltage
0% to 100%
‒
country-specific
VCtlOpMaxNom*
Maximum connection voltage
100% to 200%
‒
country-specific
HzCtlOpMin*
Minimum connection frequency
country-specific
‒
country-specific
HzCtlOpMax*
Maximum connection frequency
country-specific
‒
country-specific
HzCtlOpMaxRecon* Maximum connection frequency
after grid error
country-specific
‒
country-specific
HzCtlMax*
Threshold for overfrequency
level 3
country-specific
‒
country-specific
HzCtlMaxTm*
Tripping time for overfrequency
level 3
0 ms to
1,000,000 ms
‒
country-specific
HzCtlhhLim*
Threshold for overfrequency
level 2
60 Hz to 66 Hz
If this parameter is
changed, grid
monitoring will no
longer be in
accordance with
IEEE 1547.
65 Hz
HzCtlhhLimTm*
Tripping time for overfrequency
level 2
0 ms to
1,000,000 ms
If this parameter is
changed, grid
monitoring will no
longer be in
accordance with
IEEE 1547.
100 ms
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12 Parameters
Name
Description
HzCtlhLim*
Threshold for overfrequency
level 1
HzCtlhLimTm*
Tripping time for overfrequency
level 1
HzCtllLim*
Threshold for underfrequency
level 1
HzCtllLimTm*
Tripping time for
underfrequency level 1
0 ms to
1,000,000 ms
If this parameter is
changed, grid
monitoring will no
longer be in
accordance with
IEEE 1547.
160 ms
HzCtlllLim*
Threshold for underfrequency
level 2
country-specific
If this parameter is
changed, grid
monitoring will no
longer be in
accordance with
IEEE 1547.
57 Hz
HzCtlllLimTm*
Tripping time for
underfrequency level 2
0 ms to
1,000,000 ms
If this parameter is
changed, grid
monitoring will no
longer be in
accordance with
IEEE 1547.
160 ms
HzCtlMin*
Threshold for underfrequency
level 3
country-specific
‒
country-specific
HzCtlMinTm*
Tripping time for
underfrequency level 3
0 ms to
1,000,000 ms
‒
100 ms
ManResOvrVol
Manual activation after
overvoltage
Off
Deactivated
On
Activated
Manual activation after
undervoltage
Off
Deactivated
On
Activated
Manual activation after
overfrequency
Off
Deactivated
On
Activated
ManResUndrVol
ManResOvrFrq
Operating Manual
Range
Explanation
57 Hz to 59.8 Hz If this parameter is
changed, grid
monitoring will no
longer be in
accordance with
IEEE 1547.
0 ms to
1,000,000 ms
Default value
60.5 Hz
If this parameter is
changed, grid
monitoring will no
longer be in
accordance with
IEEE 1547.
100 ms
57 Hz to 59.8 Hz If this parameter is
changed, grid
monitoring will no
longer be in
accordance with
IEEE 1547.
59.3 Hz
SCCP-BE-D4btf-US-en-22
On
On
On
113
12 Parameters
SMA America, LLC
Name
Description
ManResUndrFrq
ManResPID
Range
Explanation
Default value
Manual activation after
underfrequency
Off
Deactivated
On
On
Activated
Manual activation after
interruption by PID
Off
Deactivated
On
Activated
On
* To change this parameter, you must enter the installer password.
12.1.3 Grid Support
The thresholds for line voltage and power frequency are configured in accordance with IEEE 1547. If the inverter is being
operated in accordance with IEEE 1547, islanding detection must not be deactivated.
Name
Description
FRTEna*
Enables dynamic grid support
FRTMod**
Dynamic grid support operating
modes
Value/range
Explanation
Default value
Off
Deactivated
country-specific
On
Activated
FRT_BDEW
Complete
dynamic grid
support
FRT_Partial
Limited dynamic
grid support
FRT_BDEW
FRT_SDLWindV Complete
dynamic grid
support with FRT
characteristic
curve
FRTSwOffTm**
Deactivation delay of the LVRT
0 ms to
10,000 ms
‒
country-specific
FRTArGraNom*
Scaling of the K factor for LVRT
0 to 10
‒
country-specific
0% to 100%
‒
10%
FRTDbVolNomMax** Upper limit of the voltage dead band
FRTDbVolNomMin**
Lower limit of the voltage dead band
− 100% to 0%
‒
country-specific
FRT2ArGraNomHi*
Gradient of the FRT characteristic
curve in the event of overvoltage in
the operating mode FRT_SDLWindV
1 to 10
‒
country-specific
FRT2ArGraNomLo*
Gradient of the FRT characteristic
curve in the event of undervoltage in
the operating mode FRT_SDLWindV
1 to 10
‒
country-specific
EnaAid*
Enables islanding detection
TrfVolExlHi**
114
Line-to-line voltage on the high-voltage
side of the external transformer
SCCP-BE-D4btf-US-en-22
Off
Deactivated
On
Activated
1 V to
70,000 V
‒
Off
20,000 V
Operating Manual
SMA America, LLC
12 Parameters
Name
Description
Value/range
Explanation
Default value
TrfVolExlLo**
Line-to-line voltage on the
undervoltage side of the external
transformer
1 V to 500 V
SC 500CP XT
270 V
SC 630CP XT
315 V
SC 720CP XT
324 V
SC 760CP XT
342 V
SC 800CP XT
360 V
SC 850CP XT
386 V
SC 900CP XT
405 V
* To view or change this parameter, you must enter the installer password.
** To change this parameter, you must enter the installer password.
12.1.4 Insulation Monitoring
Name
Description
IsoErrIgn*
Insulation error detection
release, continued
operation in the event of
insulation error
RemMntSvc
IsoSmidOutGrp*
PvVtgRisoStart
PvVtgRisoDif
Value/
range
Explanation
Default
value
Off
Deactivated
Off
On
Activated
Run
Error is only ignored if the Sunny Central is
in feed-in operation
PV array grounding is
deactivated.
Off
Deactivated
On
Activated
Automatic troubleshooting
after occurrence of
insulation error.
Auto
Troubleshooting starts automatically
Man
Troubleshooting only starts once this
parameter is manually switched to Start.
Start
Starts troubleshooting
Start voltage of insulation
measuring
Differential voltage to
PvVtgStrLevMin for
switching from insulation
measuring to feed-in
operation
0 V to
1,200 V
Off
Man
SC 500CP XT
500 V
SC 630CP XT
610 V
SC 720CP XT
675 V
SC 760CP XT
715 V
SC 800CP XT
760 V
SC 850CP XT
760 V
SC 900CP XT
770 V
−250 V to ‒
+250 V
0V
* To view or change this parameter, you must enter the installer password.
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12.1.5 Internal Device Values
Parameter settings for Japan
The settings relating to power frequency are entered using the parameter CntrySet. If the valid power frequency is
50 Hz, the parameter must be set to J50. If the valid power frequency is 60 Hz, the parameter must be set to J60.
This parameter can only be changed in the operating state "Stop".
Name
Description
Value/range
PvPwrMinTr
Threshold for starting the MPP tracker
0 kW to 20 kW ‒
PvPwrMinTrT
Timeout for starting the MPP tracker
1 s to 1,800 s
PvVtgStrLevMin*
Threshold for switching to feed-in
operation
0 V to 1,200 V SC 500CP-JP
410 V
0 V to 1,200 V SC 500CP XT
500 V
0 V to 1,200 V SC 630CP XT
610 V
0 V to 1,200 V SC 720CP XT
675 V
0 V to 1,200 V SC 760CP XT
715 V
0 V to 1,200 V SC 800CP XT
760 V
0 V to 1,200 V SC 850CP XT
760 V
0 V to 1,200 V SC 900CP XT
770 V
1 s to 300 s
Explanation
‒
‒
Default value
20 kW
600 s
PVStrT
Timer: once the specified time has
elapsed, the Sunny Central switches
from the operating state
"Grid monitoring" to the operating
state "Grid monitoring time reached"
90 s
VArGra**
Gradient of reactive power change
(VAr/s)
0%/s to 200%/ ‒
s
20%/s
QoDInvCurPv***
Maximum allowed reverse current to
the PV array
−1,600 A to 0 A ‒
− 60 A
MppFact
Ratio between maximum power PMPP
of the PV cell at the maximum power
point and the product of open-circuit
voltage VOC and short-circuit current
ISC
Serial number***
0.5 to 1
‒
0.8
Serial number of the Sunny Central
0 to
2147483647
‒
0
CntrySet*
Country setting
country-specific Parameter can
only be changed
in the operating
state "Stop".
CardFunc*
MMC/SD memory card function
DtSet
116
Date
SCCP-BE-D4btf-US-en-22
ForcedWrite
Terminate SD
memory card
StoFailStt
Write fault
memory to SD
memory card
20060101 to
20991231
yyyymmdd
country-specific
0
0
Operating Manual
SMA America, LLC
12 Parameters
Name
Description
Value/range
Explanation
TmSet
Time
0 to 235959
hhmmss
TmZn
Time zone
GMT ‒12:00 to Configurable time
GMT 12:00
zones
ExtSolIrrOfs
Offset of the external irradiation
sensor
− 5,000 W/m2 ‒
to 5,000 W/m2
0
ExtSolIrrGain
Amplification of the external
irradiation sensor
− 1,000 W/m2 ‒
to 1,000 W/m2
1
CntRs*
Meter reset
h-Cnt
Operating hours
meter
E-Cnt
Energy meter
CntFanHs
All fan runtime
meters
CntFanCab2
Fan runtime meter
CntHtCab2
Fan runtime meter
Default value
0
country-specific
0
Ofs_h-On**
Offset for operating hours
0 h to
2,147,482 h
‒
0
Ofs_h-Total**
Offset for feed-in hours
0 h to
2,147,482 h
‒
0
Ofs_E-Total**
Offset for total supplied energy
0 kWh to
214,748,367
kWh
‒
0
Ofs_CntFanHs*
Offset for operating hours of heat sink
fan
0 h to
2,147,482 h
‒
0
Ofs_CntFanCab1* Offset for operating hours of internal
fan 1
0 h to
2,147,482 h
‒
0
Ofs_CntFanCab2* Offset for operating hours of internal
fan 2
0 h to
2,147,482 h
‒
0
Ofs_CntHtCab1*
Offset for operating hours of internal
heater 1
0 h to
2,147,482 h
‒
0
Ofs_CntHtCab2*
Offset for operating hours of internal
heater 2
0 h to
2,147,482 h
‒
0
SpntRemEna
Remote activation of the system
Ackn
Acknowledges errors in Sunny Central
GdErrTm*
Grid monitoring time
ExlStrStpEna*
Activation of the external shutdown
signal/remote shutdown
Operating Manual
Stop
Deactivated
Run
Activated
Ackn
Acknowledges
errors
0 s to 10,000 s ‒
Off
Deactivated
On
Activated
SCCP-BE-D4btf-US-en-22
Run
−
country-specific
Off
117
12 Parameters
SMA America, LLC
Name
Description
ExlTrfErrEna*
Activation of hermetic protection of
MV transformer
Value/range
Explanation
Default value
Off
Deactivated
On
On
Activated
* To view or change this parameter, you must enter the installer password.
** To change this parameter, you must enter the installer password.
*** You can only view this parameter.
12.2 Sunny Central String-Monitor Controller
Name
Description
Serial number
Display of the serial number
Firmware
Firmware version of the
operation control unit
Firmware2
Firmware version of the digital
signal processor
Dt
Date entry
Tm
Value/range
Default
value
Value cannot be
changed
−
0 to 255.0
‒
−
0 to 255.0
‒
−
20060101 to
20991231
Entered in the format
YYYYMMDD
−
Time entry
0 to 235959
Entered in the format
HHMMSS
−
TolGr1*
Currents from group 1 deviate
from mean value
5% to 100%
Parameter exists for all six
groups
13%
MoniTmGr1On*
Time when group 1 monitoring
starts
7.00 a.m. to
7.00 p.m.
Parameter exists for all six
groups
10.00
a.m.
MoniTmGr1Off*
Time when group 1 monitoring
stops
7.00 a.m. to
7.00 p.m.
Parameter exists for all six
groups
3.00 p.m.
MoniTmGrAllOn*
Time when monitoring of all
groups starts
7.00 a.m. to
7.00 p.m.
‒
10.00
a.m.
MoniTmGrAllOff*
Time when monitoring of all
groups stops
7.00 a.m. to
7.00 p.m.
‒
3.00 p.m.
MoniTmComOn*
Time when monitoring of all
groups starts
7.00 a.m. to
7.00 p.m.
‒
10.00
a.m.
MoniTmComOff*
Time when monitoring of all
groups stops
7.00 a.m. to
7.00 p.m.
‒
3.00 p.m.
Ackn
Acknowledges errors
quit
‒
−
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‒
Explanation
Operating Manual
SMA America, LLC
12 Parameters
Name
Description
ErrLevGr1*
Sensitivity of error detection for
group 1
Parameter exists for all six
groups
ComBaud*
Value/range
Explanation
Default
value
24 Sensitive
50 min ‒ 10%
24 Regular
50 min ‒ 14%
32
Regular
24 Insensitive
50 min ‒ 18%
32 Sensitive
35 min ‒ 10%
32 Regular
35 min ‒ 13%
32 Insensitive
35 min ‒ 16%
64 Sensitive
15 min ‒ 7%
64 Regular
15 min ‒ 9%
64 Insensitive
15 min ‒ 10%
1,200 baud
Parameter can only be
changed in the operating
state "Stop".
Baud rate
4,800 baud
9,600 baud
19,200
baud
19,200 baud
38,400 baud
57,600 baud
DevFunc*
Manages the Sunny Central
String-Monitors
AutoDetect_
SSMU
Searches for all Sunny
Central String-Monitors
and deletes detected
Sunny Central
String-Monitors
DetectSSMU
Retry
Only searches for
undetected Sunny
Central String-Monitors
DelAll_SSMU
Deletes all detected
Sunny Central
String-Monitors
Factory
0
Resets all parameters to
their default settings
* To change these parameters, you must enter the installer password.
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12 Parameters
SMA America, LLC
12.3 Sunny String-Monitor
Name
Description
Value/range
Explanation
Default
value
TMittelung*
Duration of averaging of current
measurements
0 s to 6,000 s
‒
30 s
String number*
Number of detected PV strings
0 to 8
‒
0
SW Version
Version of the latest firmware
1 to 40
Value cannot be
changed
SSM Identifier*
Identification number of the
Sunny String-Monitor
1 to 99
‒
0
Group String 1*
Assigns PV strings to their
respective group
0 to 3
Parameter exists for all
eight groups
0
Group String*
All groups
0 to 3
‒
0
No.of String 1*
Number of connected strings in
the respective group
1 to 4
Parameter exists for all
eight groups
−
Contact the SMA Service
Line if you would like to
use this function.
No.of Strings*
All groups
Monitoring1 On*
Starts monitoring of PV strings in
group 1
1 to 4
0.00 a.m. to
11.59 p.m.
‒
−
Parameter exists for all
eight groups
0
Configuration of the
string settings via the
Sunny Central
String-Monitor Controller
is preferable.
Monitoring1 Off*
Ends monitoring of PV strings in
group 1
0.00 a.m. to
11.59 p.m.
Parameter exists for all
eight groups
0
Configuration of the
string settings via the
Sunny Central
String-Monitor Controller
is preferable.
Monitoring On*
Start of monitoring of PV strings
in all groups
0.00 a.m. to
11.59 p.m.
‒
0
Monitoring Off*
End of monitoring of PV strings in
all groups
0.00 a.m. to
11.59 p.m.
‒
0
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Name
12 Parameters
Description
Value/range
Command**
Stop
Explanation
Default
value
Contact the SMA Service
Line if you would like to
use this function.
0
Active high
Contact is active when
voltage is present
0
Active low
Contact is active when no
voltage is present
Meas
Offset1
Offset2
Diag
Reset Err.Cnt.
StoreCalibData
LoadCalibData
Watchdog test
Surge arrester1*
Surge arrester2*
Alarm contact (e.g. theft
protection for Sunny
String-Monitor)
Alarm contact
Deactivated
Contact is deactivated
Active high
Contact is active when
voltage is present
Active low
Contact is active when no
voltage is present
Deactivated
0
Contact is deactivated
* To change these parameters, you must enter the installer password.
** These parameters are only visible after entering the installer password.
Operating Manual
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13 Contact
SMA America, LLC
13 Contact
If you have technical problems concerning our products, contact the SMA Service Line. We require the following
information in order to provide you with the necessary assistance:
• Device type
• Serial number
• Type and number of connected modules
• Type of communication
• Error number and error message
United States/
Estados Unidos
SMA America, LLC
+1 877-MY-SMATech (+1 877-697-6283)*
Rocklin, CA
+1 916 625-0870**
Canada/
Canadá
SMA Canada, Inc.
+1 877-MY-SMATech (+1 877-697-6283)***
Toronto
* toll free for USA, Canada and Puerto Rico / Llamada gratuita en EE. UU., Canadá y Puerto Rico
** international / internacional
*** toll free for Canada / gratuit pour le Canada
122
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14 Revision History
14 Revision History
Revisions to version 2.0 ▸ 65, 117
New error messages
Error 0506 ▸ 90
Error 1500 ▸ 91
Error 6447 ▸ 94
Error 9000 ▸ 96
New functions
External fast stop ▸ 29
Islanding detection ▸ 42
Low-temperature option ▸ 42
New power classes ▸ 12
Remote soft grounding and insulation monitoring device ▸ 36, 86
Schematic diagram ▸ 42
New parameter
PwrApLimitPrio ▸ 109
SDLimComSrc ▸ 109
Revised functions
Full and limited dynamic grid support ▸ 39
New error message for reactive power limitation ComInvalid ▸ 76
Revised operation content
Switching PV modules from grounded to insulated operation ▸ 84, 85
Revised parameters
Revised default value WGraEna ▸ 109
Revised range P-HzStop ▸ 104
Revised range P-HzStr ▸ 104
Revised range Q-VolNomP1 ▸ 108
Revised range Q-VolNomP2 ▸ 108
Revised waiting time
Error 4003 ▸ 92
Error 9009 ▸ 97
Revisions to version 2.1 ▸ 110
New error messages
Error 3406 ▸ 91
Error 3511 ▸ 92
Error 6120 ▸ 93
Error 6121 ▸ 93
Error 6128 ▸ 93
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14 Revision History
SMA America, LLC
Error 6451 ▸ 94
Error 6452 ▸ 94
Error 6453 ▸ 94
Error 6454 ▸ 94
Error 6455 ▸ 94
Error 6456 ▸ 94
Error 6457 ▸ 94
Error 7709 ▸ 96
Error 7710 ▸ 96
Error 7714 ▸ 96
Error 8702 ▸ 96
New functions
Behavior in the absence of active and reactive power setpoints ▸ 39
Q at Night ▸ 41
New operating data
CntGfdiSw ▸ 100
ExlAnaInCur1 ▸ 100
ExlAnaInV1 ▸ 100
h-HighV ▸ 100
New operation content
Configuration of behavior in the absence of active and reactive power setpoints ▸ 63, 66, 76
Q at Night ▸ 76
New parameter
PF-PFExtSubVal ▸ 109
PF-PFExtSubValRun ▸ 110
PF-PFSubVal ▸ 109
PF-PFSubValRun ▸ 110
PwrMonErrMod ▸ 110
PwrMonErrTm ▸ 110
P-WSubVal ▸ 109
P-WSubValRun ▸ 110
QoDDccOffDelay ▸ 110
Q-VArSubVal ▸ 109, 110
New warning messages
Danger if Sunny Central is disconnected on the AC and DC sides ▸ 17
Operation disturbance due to incorrectly configured parameters ▸ 63, 66, 76
Removed content
Error 3508
Error 3509
Error 4004
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14 Revision History
Error 6501
Sunny Central with light repeaters
Revised parameters
Revised range PvPwrMinTrT ▸ 116
Revised range Q-VArGraNom ▸ 108
Revised range VArGra ▸ 116
Revised waiting time
Error 0104 ▸ 90
Error 1301 ▸ 91
Error 6422 ▸ 94
Error 6423 ▸ 94
Revisions to version 2.2 ▸ 99, 114
New error messages
Error 4000 ▸ 92
Error 7600 ▸ 95
Error 9019 ▸ 97
New functions
Behavior in the absence of active and reactive power setpoints ▸ 39
New operating data
DInGfd ▸ 100
ManResStt ▸ 101
SvmMode ▸ 101
New parameters
FRT2ArGraNomHi ▸ 114
FRTArGraNom ▸ 114
FRTDbVolNomMax ▸ 114
FRTDbVolNomMin ▸ 114
FRTMod ▸ 114
FRTSwOffTm ▸ 114
ManResOvrFrq ▸ 113
ManResOvrVol ▸ 113
ManResPID ▸ 114
ManResUndrFrq ▸ 114
ManResUndrVol ▸ 113
PvVtgRisoDif ▸ 115
PvVtgRisoStart ▸ 115
Removed content
Cover of touch display
Option Optiprotect
Operating Manual
SCCP-BE-D4btf-US-en-22
125
14 Revision History
SMA America, LLC
Revised functions
Position of the type label ▸ 23
126
SCCP-BE-D4btf-US-en-22
Operating Manual
SMA Solar Technology
www.SMA-Solar.com
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