x band 50 repeater

x band 50 repeater
INSTRUCTION MANUAL VHF-UHF FM REPEATER
X BAND 50
REPEATER
1
IMPORTANT
EXPLICIT DEFINITIONS
READ THIS INSTRUCTION MANUAL
CAREFULLY before attempting to operate the
WORD
WARNING
DEFINITION
SAVE THIS INSTRUCTION MANUAL– This
CAUTION
NOTE
Equipment damage may occur.
repeater.
manual contains important safety and operating
instructions for the series.
PRECAUTION
Personal injury, fire hazard or electric
shock may occur.
If disregarded, inconvenience only.
No risk of personal injury, fire or
electric shock.
WARNING HIGH VOLTAGE! NEVER
AVOID putting anything on top of the repeater.
WARNING HIGH VOLTAGE! NEVER
BE CAREFUL! The heatsinks will become hot
attach an antenna or internal antenna connector
during transmission. This may result in an
electrical shock or burn.
This will obstruct heat dissipation.
Place the repeater in a secure place to avoid
inadvertent use by children.
install the antenna at any place that person touch
the antenna easily during transmission. This may
result in an electrical shock or burn.
when operating the repeater continuously for long
periods.
on the repeater rear panel. This could cause a
fire or damage the repeater.
to less than the linear amplifier’s maximum
input level, otherwise, the linear amplifier will be
damaged.
BE CAREFUL! If a linear amplifier is
NEVER apply AC to the [BATTERY] terminals connected, set the repeater’s RF output power
NEVER apply more than 16 V DC, such as a
24 V battery, to the [BATTERY] terminals on the
repeater rear panel. This could cause a fire or
damage the repeater.
NEVER let metal, wire or other objects touch
any internal part or connectors on the rear panel
of the repeater. This may result in an electric
shock.
NEVER expose the repeater to rain, snow or
any liquids.
AVOID using or placing the repeater in areas
with temperatures below –30°C (–22°F) or above
+60°C (+140°F). Be aware that temperatures
on a vehicle’s dashboard can exceed 80°C
(+176°F), resulting in permanent damage to the
repeater if left there for extended periods.
AVOID placing the repeater in excessively dusty
environments or in direct sunlight.
i
Use Icom microphones only (optional). Other
manufacturer’s microphones have different pin
assignments, and connection to the X—Band
series may damage the repeater.
For U.S.A. only
CAUTION: This repeater is intended for use as
a fixed station with the antenna located outdoors
on the rooftop or on antenna tower, or indoors
with the antenna located near the repeater.
The Icom America Systems logo is a trademark of Icom, Inc.
FORWARD
Thank you for purchasing this Icom America
Systems X—BAND 50 VHF/UHF FM REPEATER. With proper care, this product should provide you
years of trouble-free operation.
 FEATURES
SUPPLIED ACCESSORIES
The following accessories are supplied with X—Band 50 series
[AC120V version]
➀ AC power cable (OPC-510) ….............……… 1
❍Automatic battery backup
charging system
A built-in backup system supports automatic switching to an external power supply (13.6 V DC) if the AC power supply fails, and then recharges battery when power is restored.
❍Multiple CTCSS & DTCS tone memories
One CTCSS/DTCS tone (TX/RX tones
respectively) can be programmed in a channel. Ideal for many different applications.
❍Other features
- PC programmable
- 19 inch rack mount or desktop
❍Internal controller
Internal controller with programable Hang Timer
❍Local controlled operation;
can be used as a dual base unit
❍DB25 Accessory Connector
with EPTT, COR, DISC, EMOD and AFO for each radio
❍Built in AC EMI Filter
❍Dual forced Air CPU controlled
cooling fans
ii
1
PANEL DESCRIPTION
■ Front Panel
➎
➊
➋ ➌
➊ MICROPHONE/SPEAKER CONNECTOR [MIC/SP]
This 8-pin modular jack accepts the optional microphone.
➀ ➇
1
➀ +8 V DC output (Max. 10 mA)
➁ I/O port for PC programming
➂ AFO
➃ M PTT (Input port for TX control)
➄ Microphone ground
➅ Microphone input
➆ Ground
➇ CLI (Input port for
monitor control)
➍
➋ VOLUME CONTROL [VOLUME]
Adjusts the audio output level.
➌ Dealer Programmable Keys
P0, P1, P2, P3
➍ POWER SWITCH [POWER]
Push to turn the power ON and OFF.
➎ INTERNAL SPEAKER
Monitors received signals.
PANEL DESCRIPTION 1
■ Front Panel
➊
➋
➏
➎
➍
➌
➊ AF VOLUME CONTROL KNOB
Rotate the knob to adjust the audio output level.
• Minimum audio level is pre-programmed.
➋ FUNCTION DISPLAY
Displays a variety of information, such as an operating channel number/name.
NOTE: The above functions depend on pre-programming.
➌ POWER SWITCH [POWER]
Push to turn the power ON and OFF.
• The following functions are available at power ON as options:
- Automatic scan start
-Password prompt
-Set mode
➍ DEALER-PROGRAMMABLE KEYS
[P0] to [P3]
Desired functions can be programmed independently by your dealer.
➎ MICROPHONE CONNECTOR
Connect the supplied microphone or optional
DTMF microphone.
➏ CHANNEL CONTROL KEYS
NEVER connect non-specified microphones.
The pin assignments may be different and the transceiver may be damaged.
2
PANEL DESCRIPTION 1
■ Rear Panel
➌
➍
➊
➊ AC POWER SOCKET [AC]
Connects the supplied AC power cable to a domestic AC outlet.
➋ POWER SWITCH [POWER]
Toggles to turn the repeater power ON
or OFF. Located on the back panel of
the repeater.
➌ RIGHT Radio ANTENNA CONNECTOR
➥ Connect the correct band antenna (impedance: 50 Ω).
➍ LEFT Radio ANTENNA CONNECTOR
➥Connect the correct band antenna (impedance: 50 Ω).
➎ GROUND TERMINAL [GND]
➐
➏ DC POWER INPUT TERMINALS [BATTERY]
Connects the 12 V storage battery for the repeater backup when the AC power is interrupted. These terminals are also used for DC power operation.
➐ ACCESSORY CONNECTOR [ACC]
Ground the repeater through this terminal to prevent electric shocks, TVI, BCI and other problems.
3
➏
➋
➎
DB25 connects to the remote controller.
• See pgs. 3, 4 for accessory connector information.
CAUTION: NEVER short the (+) line of the DC power cable to repeater’s chassis, when connecting DC power cable to the [BATTERY]
terminals. Otherwise, there is danger of electric shock and/or equipment damage.
PANEL DESCRIPTION 1 ■ Repeater Controller
Programming Both Mobile Radios
CS-F3020/F5010/F5020
• 0Go to LMR>Memory CH>1:
Program the TX and RX
•0 Set the CTCSS/CDCSS Tone
•0 Set RF Power to High
• 0LMR > External I/O > Option
IGN SW = inhibit
Ext. EPTT > Tone Mute EPTT = off
Ext. Out (EXO) / Horn > RX EXO = on
• LMR External 1/0 > Port Settings
EXT. I/O 4 Output Null
EXT. I/O 6 Output Null
EXT. I/O 7 AFO
EXT. I/O 10 Null
EXT. I/O 11 Audible
EXT. I/O 14 EPTT
* Inside the radio, Solder jumper D and solder TX
Data wire to F. See fig. 1 and fig. 2.
Cut “k”, Solder “I”
CABLE CONNECTORS
Accessory Connector
X1
Accessory Connector
X2
FAN
X4
J6 Optional Connector
X6
J6 Optional Connector
X7
FAN
X8
Right Radio
Left Radio
Left Radio
Left Radio
Right Radio
Right Radio
CONTROLLER JUMPER SETTINGS
JP2
Internal Controller Disable
JP3
Transmit On
JP4
Hang On Time
JP5
Hang On Time
JP6
Hang On Time
JP7
Hang On Time
JP8
Audio On:
Left to right Radio
JP9
Audio On:
Right to left Radio
Hang On Time Configuration 
JP7
1
0
1
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
JP6
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
JP5
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
JP4 T sec.
1
0
1
0.5
1
1
1
1.5
1
2
1
2.5
1
3
1
3.5
0
4
0
4.5
0
5
0
5.5
0
6
0
6.5
0
7
0
7.5
** 1 = ON; 0 = OFF
CONTROLLER ADJUSTMENTS
R9
TX Modulation Right Radio
R59 TX Modulation Left Radio
4
5
Fig. 1 VHF/UHF
Solder wire to only
this side of “F”
Cut
Solder
Solder
Fig. 2 VHF/UHF
6
PANEL DESCRIPTION 1
■ Accessory connector
DB25 Pin Outs Configuration
7
Radio on Right
Pin
Pin Name
No.
6 Vcc
7 GND
8 Busy
+15V DC Supply for Internal Device
DC Ground, UHF Unit
Output Terminal for Busy Signal
9
10
11
12
13
Audio Output
Discriminator Output
Transmit Audio
External PTT
Transmit Data Input
AFO
DISC
TXA
PTT
TXD
Description
Radio on Left
Description
Pin
Pin Name
No.
18 Vcc
19 GND
20 Busy
+15V DC Supply for External Device
DC Ground
Output Terminal for Busy Signal
21
22
23
AFO
DISC
TXA
Audio Output
Discriminator Output
Transmit Audio
24
PTT
External PTT
25
TXD
Transmit Data Input
Specification
Maximum 1 A
Open
Collector+OFF, 0V=ON
Low Level Audio
Active Low
Specification
Maximum 1A
Open
Collector+OFF, 0V=ON
Low Level Audio
Active Low
2
INSTALLATION AND CONNECTIONS
■ Unpacking
■ Grounding
After unpacking, immediately report any damage
to the delivering carrier or dealer. Keep the
shipping cartons.
For a description and a diagram of accessory
equipment included with the X-BAND 50 series,
see ‘Supplied accessories’ of this manual.
To prevent electrical shock, television interference
(TVI), broadcast interference (BCI) and other
problems, ground the transceiver through the
[GND] terminal on the rear panel.
For best results, connect a heavy gauge wire or
strap to a long earth-sunk copper rod. Make the
distance between the [GND] terminal and ground
as short as possible.
■ Selecting a location
Select a location for the repeater that allows
adequate air circulation, free from extreme
heat, cold, or vibrations, and away from TV
sets, TV antenna elements, radios and other
electromagnetic sources.
■ Antenna connections
WARNING: NEVER connect the [GND] terminal to a gas or electric pipe, since the connection could cause an explosion or electric shock.
For radio communications, the antenna is of
critical importance, along with output power and
sensitivity. Select antenna(s), such as a wellmatched 50 Ω antenna, and feedline. 1.5:1 or
better of Voltage Standing Wave Ratio (VSWR)
is recommended for desired band. Of course, the
transmission line should be a coaxial cable.
CAUTION: Protect repeater from lightning by using a lightning arrestor.
NOTE: There are many publications covering proper antennas and their installation. Check with your local dealer for more information and recommendations.
➀
TYPE-N CONNECTOR INSTALLATION EXAMPLE
Slide the nut, flat washer, rubber gasket and clamp over the coaxial
cable, then cut the end of the cable evenly.
➁
Strip the cable and fold the braid back over the clamp.
➂
Soft solder the center conductor. Install the center conductor pin and
solder it.
➃
Carefully slide the plug body into place aligning the center conductor
pin on the cable. Tighten the nut onto the plug body.
30 mm ≈ 9⁄8 in 10 mm ≈ 3⁄8 in 1–2 mm ≈ 1⁄16 in 8
INSTALLATION AND CONNECTIONS 2
■ Required Connections
[DC POWER INPUT TERMINAL]
Make sure the back up battery is correctly
connected. Use a cable with following
current capacity. Solder or clamp the cable
plug when connecting the power cable to
the backup battery to prevent voltage drops.
Power cable current capacity: 25 A or more
TX - RX ANT
HF or UHF TX•RX
V
antenna required.
9
VHF RX - RX ANT
VHF or UHF TX•RX
antenna required.
GROUND
INSTALLATION AND CONNECTIONS 2
■ Power
Make sure the [POWER] switch is turned OFF
when connecting an AC power cable and a
backup battery (emergency power supply).
The X-Band 50 series can operate with an AC or
DC power supply. If AC power is interrupted when
operating the repeater with an AC power supply,
power is automatically provided to the [BATTERY]
terminals. Battery will be automatically recharged
when AC power is restored.
 In AC operation
CAUTION:
• Use the supplied AC power cable for connection to a domestic AC outlet.
• Extension cords should not be used unless absolutely necessary. Using improper extension cords could result in fire risk.
 In DC operation
CAUTION: Voltages greater than 16 V DC will damage the repeater. Check the source voltage before connecting the power cable.
• DO NOT place the backup battery on or near the repeater. Lead-acid batteries should be placed at least 5 m (16.4 ft.) away from the repeater. Use a heavy duty cable to make the connection and be sure both the positive (red) and negative (black) terminals are correctly connected.
• When connecting to the battery, keep in order to connect the DC power cable to the repeater first, then the positive (red) terminal and negative (black) terminal
to the battery to prevent an electric shock.
10
3
Optional Unit Installation
■ Opening the repeater’s case
Follow the case and cover opening procedures
shown here when an optional unit is installed or
adjust the internal units, etc.
CAUTION: Disconnect the AC power cable
and/or DC power cable from the repeater.
Otherwise, there is danger of electric shock
and/or equipment damage.
➀ Remove 7 screws from the top of the repeater and 1 screw from the top front, then lift up the top cover.
11
4
LOCAL OPERATION ■ CROSS BAND OPERATION
■ Turning power ON
➀ On rear panel, push [POWER] to turn power ON.
■ Receiving and transmitting
 Receiving
➀ Push [POWER] to turn power ON.
➁ Rotate [VOLUME] to adjust the audio output level.
➂ Push to select the desired channel.
•When receiving a signal, BUSY indicator turns ON and audio is emitted from the speaker.
•Further adjustment of [VOLUME] to a comfortable listening level may be necessary at this point.
 Transmitting
➀ Take the microphone off hook.
➁ Wait for the channel to become clear.
➂ Push and hold [PTT] to transmit, then
speak into the microphone at your normal voice level.
➃ Release [PTT] to receive.
■
Turning power ON
On rear panel, push [POWER] to turn power ON. LED will be on if there is AC or DC power in the unit.
On each radio, push [POWER] to turn power on to that radio.
Right Radio must be on for Internal Controller to function.
Push to select the desired channel on each radio.
Any radio traffic received on one radio that meets the programmed settings, will cause the other radio to key and pass audio.
XBand 50 is a Half Duplex device. Radio traffic can only pass one direction at a time. Keep Haas time settings low as your system allows.
IMPORTANT:
To maximize the readability of the transmitted
signal:
➀ Pause briefly after pushing [PTT].
➁ Hold the microphone 1 to 2 inch (2.5 to 5 cm) from your mouth, then speak into the microphone at a normal voice level.
12
5
MAINTENANCE
■ Fuse replacement
If a fuse blows or the repeater stops functioning, try to find the source
of the proble, and replace the damaged fuse with a new, rated fuse.
Replace the circuitry fuse as shown below.
“There are two fuses for each radio
The left fuses are for Left Radio
The right fuses are for Right Radio
RWARNING:
DISCONNECT the AC power cable and/or DC power cable from
the repeater. Otherwise, there is a danger of electric shock and/
or equipment damage.
13
6
SPECIFICATIONS AND OPTIONS
■ Specifications
Specification
◆ X-Band 50 VHF
• Frequency coverage
Wide
Narrow
• Number of programable channels
• Antenna impedance
• Operating temperature range
GENERAL
• Type of emission
• Power supply requirement
• Current drain (approx.)
• Dimensions (projections not included)
• Weight
• TX output power
TRANSMITTER
• Modulation
• Max. permissible
deviation
• Frequency error
• Spurious emission
• Adjacent channel
power
(nominal)
RX
TX
Stand-by
Max.audio
at 25 W
at 50 W
[25 W ver.]
[50 W ver.]
[25 W ver.]
[50 W ver.]
[25 W ver.]
[50 W ver.]
Wide
Narrow
Wide
Narrow
• Audio frequency response
• Audio harmonic distortion
Wide
• FM hum and noise (without CCITT filter)
Narrow
• Limiting charact of modulation
• Microphone impedance
136–174 MHz
16K0F3E (25.0 kHz)
11K0F3E (12.5 kHz)
128 channels (8 zones)
50 Ω (nominal)
–30°C to +60°C (−22°F to +140°F)
13.6 V DC (Negative ground)
300 mA
1200 mA
7.0 A
14.0 A
480(W) x 133(H) x 364(D) mm;
18.90(W) x 5.24(H) x 14.33(D) in
480(W) x 133(H) x 364(D) mm;
18.90(W) x 5.24(H) x 14.33(D) in
8.6 kg (19 lb)
8.6 kg (19 lb)
25 W (High), 10 W (Low2), 2.5 W (Low1)
50 W (High), 25 W (Low2), 5.0 W (Low1)
Variable reactance frequency modulation
±5.0 kHz
±2.5 kHz
±2.5 ppm
70 dB typ.
70 dB min.
60 dB min.
+1 dB to –3 dB of 6 dB/octave
(from 500–2500 Hz)
3% typ. (with 1 kHz AF 40% deviation)
More than 40 dB (46 dB typ.)
More than 34 dB (40 dB typ.)
70–100% of max. deviation
600 Ω
■ Options
•HM-100 HAND MICROPHONE
•HM-100TN DTMF MICROPHONE Hand microphone with a DTMF keypad
•SM-25 DESKTOP MICROPHONE
14
SPECIFICATIONS AND OPTIONS 6 Specification
◆ X-Band 50 UHF
• Frequency coverage
GENERAL
• Type of emission
Wide
Narrow
• Number of programable channels
• Antenna impedance
• Operating temperature range
• Power supply requirement
• Current drain (approx.)
(nominal)
RX
TX
• Dimensions (projections not included)
RECEIVER
TRANSMITTER
• Weight
• Transmit output power
• Modulation
15
• Max. permissible
deviation
• Frequency error
• Spurious emission
• Adjacent channel
power
Wide
Narrow
Wide
Narrow
• Audio frequency response
• Audio harmonic distortion
Wide
• FM hum and noise (without CCITT filter)
Narrow
• Limiting charact of modulation
• Microphone impedance
• Receive system
• Intermediate frequencies
• Sensitivity
Wide
• Adjacent channel
selectivity
Narrow
• Spurious response
• Intermodulation
Wide
• Hum and noise
(without CCITT filter)
Narrow
• Audio output power
• Audio output impedance
Stand-by
Max.audio
at 25 W
at 50 W
400–470 MHz [USA-01] 450–512 MHz [USA-02]
16K0F3E (25.0 kHz)
11K0F3E (12.5 kHz) 11K0F7E/D (12.5 kHz)*
8K10F1E/D (12.5 kHz)* 4K00F1E/D (6.25 kHz)*
max. 512 channels (128 zones)
50 Ω (nominal)
−30° to +60°; −22°F to +140°F; −22°F to +140°F
13.6 V DC (nominal)
300 mA
1200 mA
7.0 A
14.0 A
480(W) x 133(H) x 364(D) mm;
18.90(W x 5.24(H) x 14.33(D) in
8.6 kg (19 lb)
45 W
Variable reactance frequency modulation
±5.0 kHz
±2.5 kHz
±1.0 ppm
75 dB typ.
More than 70 dB
More than 60 dB
+1 dB to –3 dB of 6 dB/octave
(from 500–2500 Hz)
3% typ. (with 1 kHz AF 40% deviation)
More than 40 dB (45 dB typ.)
More than 34 dB (40 dB typ.)
70–100% of max. deviation
600 Ω
Double-conversion superheterodyne
1st IF; 46.35 MHz, 2nd IF; 450 kHz
0.25 μV typ. at 12 dB SINAD
More than 80 dB (85 dB typ.)
More than 70 dB (75 dB typ.)
More than 85 dB (90 dB typ.)
More than 75 dB (77 dB typ.)
More than 45 dB (50 dB typ.)
More than 40 dB (45 dB typ.)
4 W typ. at 10% distortion with a 4 Ω load
4Ω
*; Available when an optional digital unit (UT-119H/UT-126H) is installed.
16
Count on us!
®2012 Icom America Inc. The Icom logo is a registered trademark of Icom Inc. 41052
17
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