Creating and Viewing .AVI files with NIS

Creating and Viewing .AVI files with NIS
Creating and Viewing .AVI files with NIS-Elements
Overview
This technical note describes the necessary steps for creating
and visualizing .AVI movie files in NIS-Elements and other
Windows-based movie playing programs.
Note number: 0007
Date: 8/2008
Date Modified: 8/2008
Software Version: 3.0 SP3
Package: AR / BR / D
.AVI Movie format and CODECS
The native movie format player in the Microsoft Windows operating environment is
designated “.AVI” (audio-video interleave), which was originally established in
1992. .AVI format files output in NIS-Elements consist of an RGB color 24bit file,
representing a “movie”. It can represent any 3-dimensional data set (e.g., time or z
series, 3-D rendering). Typically, these movies are played back using Windows Media
Player, which is included with Windows operating systems.
.AVI files, like image files, can be compressed to save space. A CODEC refers to the
method of this compression that is used: (COmpression-DECompression). CODECS
are a shared resource in Windows OS, meaning NIS-Elements can “borrow” a CODEC
that is already installed on the computer. Likewise, NIS-Elements installs some
additional CODECS that can in turn be used by other programs. Common examples are
“MPEG4”, “DIVX”, and several versions of “AVI” (Indeo Video, Microsoft RLE, etc.)
Creating .AVIs in NIS-Elements
.AVI movies can be created in NIS-Elements simply by saving an applicable file (a time
or Z series, or 3-D rendering) through the FILE > SAVE AS pull-down menu.
Choosing FILE > SAVE AS
Displays the Save As Image
window – in this window,
choose “AVI Image File Format
(*.avi)” from the pull-down list.
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After AVI Image File Format (*.avi) is selected, additional options will be displayed in the
Save As Image window:
Use Default Vide Compression checkbox – allows you to choose which CODEC your
AVI movie will be encoded using. Note: if the checkbox “Use Default Video Compression”
is selected, the CODEC used is Indeo video 5.11 Codec.
Output Timing Parameters – allows you to choose how fast the video plays back in
Windows Media Player. The default rate is 100ms per frame. Standard video rate setting
is 33ms (30FPS). If your output video plays too fast or too slow, select the “Specify
Interval” option and try a different time interval.
Be careful when setting the output timing – especially for long timelapse movies,
sometimes “Use Original Acq. Time” can produce very long movies.
If Use Default Video Compression is unchecked, you will be
able to select from a list of all available CODECS installed on
the host computer.
Experiment Loop – allows the user to define which dimensions to use to make the .AVI
file. If the data set contains more than 3 dimensions (for example, XY, Z and Time), the
user can choose which dimensions to play through in the .AVI output file.
Playing .AVI Movies
Once an .AVI file has been created, double-clicking on the file (outside of NIS-Elements)
will launch Windows Media Player and play back the file.
Alternatively, .AVI format files can be re-opened inside NIS-Elements, and replayed.
.AVI format is a native file format that NIS-Elements can open and play.
You can also do image processing or editing of .AVI files (although it is recommended to
perform any processing or analysis functions on raw data sets rather than .AVI files, which
are compressed and lower bit depth).
Playing .AVI Movies on Another Computer, or over a network
In order to play back .AVI files on other computers (a computer other than the one the file
was created on), or over a network, it is necessary for the playback computer to have the
same CODEC used to compress the .AVI file, in order to decode the file and play it.
Oftentimes, many CODECS are not available on some computers. You may have to
download and install CODECS on a playback computer. Since CODECS are shared
resources on the computer, you can check to see which CODECS are installed on a
computer:
In Windows Control Panel, select Sound and Audio Devices
Select Video Codecs from the list in the
Hardware tab, then choose Properties
A new window displays the Video Codec
Properties. Choose the Properties tab to
display a list of all of the installed CODECS on
the computer.
If the CODEC you used to compress the .AVI
when you saved it is not listed, the .AVI file will
not play on the computer!
Windows Media Player automatically downloads
many CODECS, however, some CODECS (e.g.,
Indeo video type) have to be downloaded and
installed manually.
Be sure to check the compatibility of CODECS on the computer you wish to playback
an .AVI file on.
NOTE: If “No Compression” is chosen when the .AVI file is saved, the file size is
larger (not compressed) but the file compatibility on any computer is preserved,
because no special CODEC was used to compress the file.
Other .AVI hints
Oftentimes, a high bit depth monochrome detector is used to acquire datasets in NISElements. In addition, sometimes users wish to split channels or create custom views,
then make .AVI files of these views.
Particularly with long timelapse datasets that are >1GB in size, preparing these data sets
beforehand for .AVI output is useful.
A useful tool for “preparing” files for .AVI output is the Create View Snapshot function
(shortcut: X key)
The Create View Snapshot function generates a
24bit RGB result of any input data set.
Once a duplicate of the original file is created in 24 bit RGB, save that result file as .AVI
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