Digital Frequency converter for the rotational speed

Digital Frequency converter for the rotational speed
Digital
Frequency converter
for the rotational speed control
of 3-phase asynchronous motors
0.25 kw to 0.75 kw
unit description 221077E, 01/00
This operating instruction apply for:
- KFU .. / 230 - A - DF3
GEORGII KOBOLD
AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
Fasanenweg 6-8
D-70771 Leinfelden-Echterdingen
Federal Republic of Germany
Telephone:
Telefax:
e-mail:
+ 49 711/ 7 59 03-0
+ 49 711/ 7 59 03-53
service@georgii-kobold.de
unit description 221077E, 01/00
Copyright by
GEORGII KOBOLD AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
All Rights, also those of translation, reserved. Without previous express
written approval of the GEORGII KOBOLD AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
no part of this unit description may be duplicated, reproduced, stored or
processed in any information system or furher transmitted in another form.
This unit description has been produced carefully. However GEORGII
KOBOLD AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co undertakes no liability fpr possible
errors in these operating instructions and their consequences. neither is
any liability undertaken for direct damage or consequential damage resultin
from misuse of the unit.
The relevant regulations regarding safely engineering and
interference suppression must be observed in the use of the unit.
Rights reserved to make changes.
Seite 2
GEORGII KOBOLD
AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
radio
unit description 221077E, 01/00
Table of contents
1.
GENERAL ............................................................................................................. 5
1.1.
1.2.
1.3.
1.4.
1.5.
2.
CONNECTION AND OPERATING CONDITIONS............................................ 7
2.1.
2.2.
2.3.
3.
TECHNICAL FEATURES ...................................................................................... 5
SPECIAL FEATURES ........................................................................................... 5
DELIVERY AND PACKAGING .............................................................................. 6
COMMISSIONING NOTES .................................................................................... 6
MAINTENANCE ................................................................................................. 6
VDE REGULATIONS .......................................................................................... 7
MOTOR CABLES ................................................................................................ 7
ANALOG AND DIGITAL CONTROL LINE................................................................ 7
PARAMETERIZING USING THE OPERATING INTERFACE........................ 9
3.1.
3.2.
3.3.
CONNECTION AND OPERATION OF THE PLAIN TEXT DISPLAY................................ 9
OPERATING VALUES.......................................................................................... 9
ERROR MESSAGES ........................................................................................... 10
4.
THE MENU STRUCTURE ................................................................................. 11
5.
PARAMETER LIST ............................................................................................ 12
6.
PARAMETERIZING USING THE PC............................................................... 17
6.1.
7.
OUTPUTS OF THE SEVEN-SEGMENT DISPLAY.......................................... 19
7.1.
7.2.
7.3.
8.
OUTPUT AT THE STOP ...................................................................................... 19
OUTPUT AT CW OR CCW START ........................................................................ 19
OUTPUT IN CASE OF A FAULT, A RESET AND COMMUNICATIONS WITH THE PC.... 19
FOUR PROGRAMMABLE PARAMETER SETS ............................................. 21
8.1.
8.2.
8.3.
8.4.
8.5.
8.6.
8.7.
8.8.
8.9.
8.10.
8.11.
8.12.
8.13.
8.14.
8.15.
8.16.
9.
THE SERIAL INTERFACE ................................................................................... 17
RUNNING-UP TIME .......................................................................................... 21
RUNNING-DOWN TIME ..................................................................................... 21
MAXIMUM ROTATING FIELD FREQUENCY ......................................................... 22
FIXED ROTATING FIELD FREQUENCY ................................................................ 22
MINIMUM ROTATING FIELD FREQUENCY .......................................................... 22
CURRENT LIMITING ......................................................................................... 22
CORNER FREQUENCY ...................................................................................... 22
STATIC BOOST ................................................................................................ 24
DYNAMIC BOOST ............................................................................................ 25
TEMPORALLY LIMITED BOOST ......................................................................... 25
DC BRAKE...................................................................................................... 25
DURATION OF THE DC BRAKING...................................................................... 25
SLIP COMPENSATION ....................................................................................... 25
MULTI-FUNCTION OUTPUT (FREQUENCY) ......................................................... 25
MULTI-FUNCTION OUTPUT (CURRENT) ............................................................. 26
RUNNING-DOWN RAMP 1 = ON, 0 = OFF ........................................................ 26
PARAMETER SET-INDEPENDENT PRESETTINGS ..................................... 27
9.1.
9.2.
9.3.
CLOCK FREQUENCY ........................................................................................ 27
LANGUAGE ..................................................................................................... 27
BRAKING CHOPPER (OPTIONAL)....................................................................... 27
GEORGII KOBOLD
AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
Seite 3
unit description 221077E, 01/00
9.4.
9.5.
9.6.
9.7.
9.8.
9.9.
9.10.
9.11.
9.12.
10.
10.1.
10.2.
10.3.
10.4.
10.5.
11.
11.1.
11.2.
11.3.
SET VALUE ASSIGNMENT.......................................................................... 31
SET VALUE ..................................................................................................... 31
SET VALUE - HYSTERESIS ............................................................................... 31
SET VALUE - OFFSET ...................................................................................... 31
V/F CHARACTERISTICS .................................................................................... 32
FADE OUT FREQUENCY1, FADE OUT FREQUENCY2............................................ 32
PROGRAMMING OF THE DIGITAL INPUTS/OUTPUTS......................... 35
PARAMETERIZATION OF THE CONTROL INPUTS ................................................. 35
PARAMETERIZATION OF THE CONTROL OUTPUTS .............................................. 36
EXPLANATIONS TO THE CONTROL INPUTS AND OUTPUTS................................... 37
12.
CONNECTION DIAGRAM............................................................................ 39
13.
DIMENSIONS ................................................................................................. 41
14.
TECHNICAL DATA ....................................................................................... 43
15.
APPLICATION NOTES ................................................................................. 45
15.1.
15.2.
15.3.
15.4.
15.5.
Seite 4
DISPLAY/HIDE THE MENU FOR THE PROGRAMMABLE INPUT TERMINALS ............ 27
SHOW PARAMETER SETS ................................................................................. 27
I²T CURRENT / I²T TIME ................................................................................... 27
TEMPERATURE MONITORING ........................................................................... 28
TEMPERATURE SWITCHING-OFF....................................................................... 28
FACTORY SETTINGS ........................................................................................ 28
COPY PROCESS ............................................................................................... 28
FILE NAME ..................................................................................................... 29
WRITE PROTECTION ........................................................................................ 29
DYNAMIC BRAKING USING A BRAKING CHOPPER .............................................. 45
MOTOR PROTECTION ...................................................................................... 46
CABINET MOUNTING ....................................................................................... 47
MEASURES FOR SECURING THE EMC............................................................... 47
WARNINGS ..................................................................................................... 48
GEORGII KOBOLD
AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
unit description 221077E, 01/00
1. General
1.1. Technical features
The rotation speed of three-phase induction motors can smoothly be
adjusted using the KFU .. / 230 digitalized frequency converters. The
converter works according to the principle of sine-weighted pulse width
modulation. Pulse width modulation is controlled by a dual processor
system. Communication is performed via a conventional plug-in terminal
block. Control connections 1-19 of the frequency converter are floating.
At all devices, a protection of the power module in case of undervoltage,
inadmissible converter temperature or short-circuit on the converter output
is guaranteed.
1.2. Special features
The practical design offers the following advantages:
L
four different installation positions optimize the installation and
minimize the space requirement in the switching cabinet
L
no additional expenses for direct mounting on machines due to prewired power line and motor cables as well as built-in potentiometer
and power switch according to customer requirements.
L
built-in braking chopper (optional)
Plug-in type operator interface for different installation positions
offers the following advantages:
L
3-line LC-display
L
plain text display
L
memory for four files
L
5 operator languages
L
on-line parameterization
Easy parameterization via comfortable PC user interface:
L
RS-232 interface as standard
L
4 programmable parameter sets each with 3 freely selectable set
values for positioning tasks or multi-axis drives.
L
programmable input/output terminals
High operational safety due to:
L
aluminum cases and standard input/output filters provide high noise
immunity and only slight noise emissions
L
short-circuit protection
L
the new CCDS-SYSTEM (current-control dynamic scan) prevents the
converter from switching-off at excess current flow
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AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
Seite 5
unit description 221077E, 01/00
L
potential isolated set value input
1.3. Delivery and packaging
The converters are delivered packed in carton boxes.
L
Please check for transportation damages.
Please notify immediately the shipping company and let them confirm the
damage if you find any outside traces of damages.
Then, inform the supplier of the damage.
1.4. Commissioning notes
The setup location should be selected to allow for sufficient clean and dry
airflow for cooling the enclosure. The devices are designed for indoor use.
A larger concentration of dust, chemical active substances, fungoid growth,
or the penetration of pest can cause a failure of the device.
For thermal reasons, the device has to be mounted vertically.
Special attention has to be paid to sufficiently cool the device when
mounting it in a control cabinet.
1.5. Maintenance
Fundamentally, the converters are maintenance-free.
Depending on dust in atmosphere, the air filters of cabinet devices must be
regularly controlled and be cleaned if required. With increased pollution,
check the isolating gaps and heat sinks more frequently and clean where
appropriate.
Cleaning of the devices is only permissible with halogen-free agents!
Seite 6
GEORGII KOBOLD
AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
unit description 221077E, 01/00
2. Connection and operating conditions
The perfect function of a frequency converter is only then guaranteed if the
mains voltage is applied and it does not exceed or fall short of the defined
tolerance zones. The tolerance zones of the frequency converter
correspond to the guidelines defined in VDE 0160.
All conducting connections still carry voltage after shutdown of the supply
voltage until the intermediate circuit condenser has been unloaded (approx.
90 sec). Only in terms of this time, the converter can be considered to be
voltage-free.
Cabling work on the terminal block may only be carried out with a voltagefree converter.
After taking out of service, the devices are to be disposed as requested by
applicable laws or regulations.
2.1. VDE regulations
L
The VDE regulations for installing and operating electric equipment are
absolute to be considered.
2.2. Motor cables
With this converter principle, the motor insulation is burdened in addition by
the switching edges in the voltage. Long motor cables can cause voltage
increases which are not admissible in some applications.
Therefore, the maximum admissible motor cable length totals approx. 100
m. Using an external "output choke" option, the length can be further
increased. The actual maximum motor cable length depends essentially on
the wiring of the cables (e.g.: underground, cable routing, etc.). To
guarantee an EMC (electromagnetic compatibility) conforming operation,
shielded cables (e.g.: LIYCY; cable cross section 1,5 mm²) must be used.
The screen is to be connected to the therefore anticipated boltusing an
area as large as possible.
In no case, a connector must be wired between motor and converter.
2.3. Analog and digital control line
Shielded cables are to be used for all analog and digital control lines.
Control lines and power lines must be routed separately.
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AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
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unit description 221077E, 01/00
3. Parameterizing using the operating interface
3.1. Connection and operation of the plain text display
The operator interface with a 3-line backlit display is one possibility of
setting the parameters of the KFU. The connection of the operator interface
to the converter is shown in Figure 1
The parameterization is performed quickly and simply on the basis of the
clear menu structure (refer to Figure 1) and the parameters displayed in
plain text. The PRG key must be pressed to change a selected parameter
The cursor starts to flash. The value can be chaged using the UP, DOWN,
PRG, or SH keys. Finally, the changes must be svaed by simultaneously
pressing the PRG and SH keys.
Figure 1: Connector arrangement
Only connect the user interface with the voltage switched-off!
3.2. Operating values
The "Operating values" menu item enables an operation status request with
regard to the following visible messages:
preset value / Hz
current preset value of the rotary field
frequency
actual value / Hz
actual value of the rotary field frequency
TC active current / Amp
current temporary circuit- active current
parameters
current active parameter set
conv. temp. / °C
current converter temperature
version no.
version number of the device software
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AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
Seite 9
unit description 221077E, 01/00
3.3. Error messages
Seite 10
L
Voltage too high
Admissible intermediate circuit voltage exceeded.
Possible cause:
1. Running-down to fast.
L
Vltg. too low
Dropped below the admissible intermediate circuit voltage.
Possible cause:
1. Mains voltage to low.
L
Conv. temp. to high (stage 1: only as user information)
Critical operating temperature of the converter.
Possible cause:
1. Environment temperature too high.
2. Air circulation to low.
L
Conv. temp. inadm. (stage 2: converter switches off)
Operating temperature of the converter is inadmissible (results in
switching off of the converter)
Possible cause:
1. Environment temperature too high.
2. Air circulation to low.
L
Short circuit
Short circuit or inadmissible high output current
Possible causes:
1. Set corner frequency to low
2. Static and (or) dynamic BOOST set to high
3. DC brake set to high
4. Running-up time to short
5. Running-down time to short
6. External short circuit on the outputs
L
Motor temperature to high
1. corner frequency set too low.
2. static boost set too high during longer lasting operation of the
motor with low rotary field frequencies
3. Clock operation with short running-up times
L
I²t error
Programmed current integral error exceeded overdue
GEORGII KOBOLD
AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
unit description 221077E, 01/00
4. The menu structure
Figure 2: The menu strucutre
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AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
Seite 11
unit description 221077E, 01/00
5. Parameter list
The values of all parameters stored in the KFU are shown in tables Table 1
and Table 2. These values become active after enabling the factory setting
(cf., section 9.9). Tables Table 3 and Table 4 offer the possibility of entering
individual parameters. Parameter set 2 is active if no further wiring is
carried out (refer to 9. and 11.).
Parameter set-depending variables
1
Parameter set
2
4
Run.-up time
2.0 sec.
6.0 sec.
6.0 sec.
6.0 sec.
Run.-down time
2.0 sec.
6.0 sec.
6.0 sec.
6.0 sec.
Max. frequency
120 Hz
120 Hz
120 Hz
120 Hz
Fix frequency
40 Hz
40 Hz
40 Hz
40 Hz
Min. frequency
0 Hz
0 Hz
0 Hz
0 Hz
Max. current
3.0 A
3.0 A
3.0 A
3.0 A
Corner freq.
50 Hz
50 Hz
50 Hz
50 Hz
stat. boost
4%
4%
8%
8%
dyn. boost
0%
0%
0%
0%
Time boost
0.0 s
0.0 s
0.0 s
0.0 s
Brake voltage
0%
0%
0%
0%
Brake time
0.0 s
0.0 s
0.0 s
0.0 s
Slip compens.
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Multi freq.
100 Hz
100 Hz
100 Hz
100 Hz
Multi current
0.0 A
0.0 A
0.0 A
0.0 A
Ramp
1 (ON)
1 (ON)
1 (ON)
1 (ON)
Table 1: Factory-set parameters
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3
GEORGII KOBOLD
AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
unit description 221077E, 01/00
Parameter set-independent variable
General
Progr. terminals
Clock freq
. 2 kHz
Inputs
Language
English
Start cw
RS 232
9600 baud
Brake chopper
Start
cl. 8
ccw cl. 7
deactive
Par selec. 0
cl. 6
Progr.
cl. fade out
Par selec. 1
deactivated
Display P.
P.-set 1-2
Fix frequency
deactivated
I*I*t (current)
∞
Min. frequen.
cl. 5
I*I*t (time)
∞
Input reset
Over temp.
60ºC
Terminal ass.
Deact. temp.
65ºC
Reaction time
Pass word
deactivated
0000ms
FDxxxxxx
Preset value
Outputs
Preset value
Potentiom. (10k)
General fault
VCC --> 15
Thres. preset
activate
Multi-function
VCC --> 16
Offset preset
0 LSB
V/f character.
linear
Fade-out freq1
deactiveated
Fade-out freq2
deactiveated
Table 2: Factory-set parameters
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unit description 221077E, 01/00
Where have the paramerters been saved and under whitch file name ?
Data
memory
KFU
Operat. instr Operat. instr Operat. instr Operat. instr
1st file
2nd file
3rd file
4th file
File name
Parameter set-depending variables
Parameter set
1
2
3
Run.-up time
sec.
sec.
sec.
sec.
Run.-down time
sec.
sec.
sec.
sec.
Max. frequency
Hz
Hz
Hz
Hz
Fix frequency
Hz
Hz
Hz
Hz
Min. frequency
Hz
Hz
Hz
Hz
Max. current
A
A
A
A
Corner freq.
Hz
Hz
Hz
Hz
stat. boost
%
%
%
%
dyn. boost
%
%
%
%
Time boost
s
s
s
s
%
%
%
%
s
s
s
s
%
%
%
%
Hz
Hz
Hz
Hz
A
A
A
A
Brake voltage
Brake time
Slip compens.
Multi freq.
Multi current
Ramp
Table 3: Individually set parameters
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4
GEORGII KOBOLD
AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
unit description 221077E, 01/00
Parameter set-independent variable
General
Progr. terminals
Clock freq
Inputs
Language
Start cw
RS 232
Start
Brake chopper
Par selec. 0
Progr.
Par selec. 1
Display P.
Fix frequency
I*I*t (current)
Min. frequen.
I*I*t (time)
Input reset
Over temp.
Terminal ass.
Deact. temp.
Reaction time
Pass word
Preset value
Outputs
Preset value
General fault
Thres. preset
Multi-function
Offset preset
V/f character.
Fade-out freq1
Fade-out freq2
Table 4: Individually set parameters
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AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
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unit description 221077E, 01/00
6. Parameterizing using the PC
6.1. The serial interface
Theserial RS-232C interface of the KFU .. / 230 is used for communication
with a supervisory station. In this so-called master/slave operation, the KFU
is operated as a slave that is controlled or parameterized by means of a
PC, a programmable controller, a microcontroller or other facilities with an
UART interface.
Figure shows the connections of the serial interface. Potential separation
provides for an undisturbed data transfer.
Figure 3: RS232 pin assignment
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AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
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unit description 221077E, 01/00
7. Outputs of the seven-segment display
Depending on operating mode of the converter (stop, cw start , ccw start,
fault), important information are output for the operator via the sevensegment display.
7.1. Output at the stop
If a stop is preset for the converter then the preset value is displayed on the
seven-segment display.
Example: if the set preset value is 11 Hz, then -, 0, 1,1 is shown in this
sequence. These values are constantly displayed until other preset values
are set or the converter is switched into another operating mode.
7.2. Output at cw or ccw start
If a cw or ccw start is preset for the converter then a line circling in the
determined direction is shown on the display.
7.3. Output in case of a fault, a reset and communications
with the PC
The current status of the converter is output via the seven-segment display.
1st digit
short circuit (see 3.3)
2n digit
undervoltage (see 3.3)
3rd digit
overvoltage (see 3.3)
4th digit
converter temperature too high (see 3.3)
4th digit
(flashing) converter temperature inadmissibly (refer to 3.3)
5th digit
motor temperature too high (refer to 3.3)
6th digit
not used
7th digit
I 2 x t (the integral of the current across the time was exceeded
refer to 3.3)
8th digit
not used
9th digit
not used
letter C
communications with the PC (refer to 6.1.)
letter F
reset active (refer to 11)
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AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
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unit description 221077E, 01/00
8. Four programmable parameter sets
8.1. Running-up time
Time in which the motor will reach the previously set maximum frequency
starting at 0 Hz using a ramp set value. (Value range: 0,0 to 120,0 sec.
provided that the 0,1 Hz /sec. to 1000 Hz /sec. limit values of the ramp
slope are observed.) With 0,0 sec., the actual value follows directly the set
value without ramp!
The running-up time always relates to the adjusted maximum frequency.
The quotient: maximum frequency/running-up time yields the so-called
ramp. This designates the rotating field frequency change per time unit.
One ´steep’ ramp is equivalent to a short running-up time. One’ flat’ ramp is
equivalent to a long running-up time. Deficiently entered running-up times,
i.e. running-up times not lieing within the limit values stated above are
automatically corrected by the controller of the converter. With a maximum
frequency of 5 Hz and a running-up time of 100 seconds (corresponding to
a ramp slope of 0,05 Hz/ second) the controller will adjust the running-up
time to 50 seconds. The adjusted running-up times must always be
application-specific, taking the physical realities resulting out of this into
account. Especially short running-up times can influence the motor stability
or cause a switch-off of the converter due to excess current. A sensible
feeling is also required when determining sufficient long running-up times
for large centrifugal masses. If very high currents appear during a fast
running-up, the set running-up ramp is dynamically flattened by the
converter resulting in an unexpected long running-up time.
8.2. Running-down time
Time in which the motor will reach 0 Hz starting at the previously set
maximum frequency using a ramp set value of 0 V. (Value range: 0,0 to
120,0 sec. provided that the 0,1 Hz /sec. to 1000 Hz /sec. limit values of the
ramp slope are observed.) With 0,0 sec., the actual value follows directly
the set value without ramp!
As for the running up time, the running-down time always relates to the set
maximum frequency. Essentially the explanations given in the section
“Running-up times” also apply here. When selecting inappropriate short
running-down ramps (especially with large centrifugal masses)
overvoltages in the intermediate circuit can cause a switch-off of the
converter. Since in this operating state the rotating field frequency applied
to the motor is slightly less than the frequency of the motor shaft, energy
will be fed back (generator operation) resulting in an inadmissible increase
of the intermediate circuit voltage in the converter.
Use a braking chopper the excessive intermediate circuit voltage is reduced
If the special application does not admit longer running-down times. The
braking chopper will convert the energy produced in the generator
operation into heat losses.
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unit description 221077E, 01/00
8.3. Maximum rotating field frequency
The maximum rotating field frequency to be set in advance that the
converter should never exceed even if the utmost set value (valid range: 0
V to 10 V) is applied to the analog input.
(Value range: fixed rotating field frequency - 250 Hz)
8.4. Fixed rotating field frequency
Fixed frequency, the converter assumes regardless of the default analog
set value.
(Value ranges:minimum rotating field frequency - maximum rotating
field frequency)
Note: For activating this function, an input must be re-programmed since
only a limited number of inputs are available (refer to section 11.1).
8.5. Minimum rotating field frequency
The minimum rotating field frequency to be set in advance that the
converter should not drop below even if the lowest set value is applied to
the analog input.
(Value range: 0 - fixed rotating field frequency)
This means that the specified value may not exceed the fixed rotating filed
frequency value defined in section 8.5.
Note:
Only for pre-setting: a min. frequency of 1 Hz will result in a
frequency of 0 Hz with an applied set value of 0 volt. With a set
frequency exceeding 1 Hz, a frequency of 0 Hz can only be
obtained via a STOP or a RESET. The turning direction defined
with the minimum frequency depends on the polarity of the applied
set value voltage.
8.6. Current limiting
Current to be set in advance that the converter tries to limit itself to by
holding the rotating field frequency or by lowering this frequency.
(Value range: 0.4 -10.0 amps)
8.7. Corner frequency
Rotating field frequency, the motor is operated with when the converter is
supplying the maximum voltage. (Value range: 30 -250 Hz)
With an increased/decreased the stator frequency, the number of rotor
rotations is also increased/ decreased. With an increasing number of rotor
rotations, the induction voltage also increases. To preserve a constant
torque at different number of rotations, the magnetic flow must however be
kept steady. This results in the consequence that the proportionality must
be guaranteed between rotating field frequency and voltage, e. g. the
output voltage increases linearly with the rotating field frequency. This
Seite 22
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AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
unit description 221077E, 01/00
relation is guaranteed up to the corner frequency. Above the corner
frequency, the converter cannot increase the voltage anymore. But with an
increased frequency, the magnetic flow cannot be held steady any longer.
The motor is now operated in the so-called field weakening range. With an
increased frequency the motor torque is now reduced conversely
proportionally to the rotating field frequency. As a consequence the motor
should usually be operated only up to the corner frequency. At a high
number of rotations the frictional losses are unproportionally high increased
(e. g.: by the fan). If the torque to be achieved becomes too large, the
motor ‘tips’ , i.e. the torque submitted by the motor suddenly falls and the
number of shaft rotations quickly drops to low values. A restart is only
possible by drastically reducing the rotating field frequency or by a new
start.
With the corner frequency set to low for the respective motor a destruction
of the motor can be caused by thermal overload. The converter might also
be switched off by excess current.
Figure 4: Standadized output voltage as function of the corner
frequency (linear V/f characteristics)
Figure 5: Standadized output voltage as function of the corner
frequency (square V/f characteristics)
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unit description 221077E, 01/00
8.8. Static boost
Deviating from the linear V/f characteristics, this voltage increase is
specified in percent of the nominal voltage for increasing the starting torque
at low rotating field frequencies.
(Value ranges: 0 - 30%)
With low rotations, the copper resistance of the stator winding strongly
influences the operating characteristics of the motor. Without voltage
correction, the breakdown torque is significantly reduced towards low
rotating field frequencies. During slow starts it could happen that the motor
does not start due a too high breakaway torque to be obtained. By using a
voltage increase - the so-called BOOST - the starting torque is increased.
The amount of the BOOST is specified in percentage of the nominal
voltage at 0 Hz. With an increasing frequency, the voltage is continually
raised starting at this value and approaches thereby the normal (linear) V/f
characteristics: V/f = const. A constantly available voltage increase is called
´static BOOST´. The range of the voltage increase extends to about up to a
frequency of 2/3 of the corner frequency. To prevent a torque step during
transition of the BOOST to the V/f=constant characteristics, all
characteristics of the static BOOST end at the V/f characteristics.
Good starting torques are achieved with a BOOST setting of 8%.
Exaggerated high values result in an increased motor temperature which
can result in the destruction of the motor by overheating, particularly if no
forced cooling is used. A high BOOST value can cause an excessive
current resulting also in the switch-off the converter.
Figure 6: Standardized output voltage as a function of the
frequency and boost
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unit description 221077E, 01/00
8.9. Dynamic boost
Deviating from the linear V/f characteristics, this “timely limited” voltage
increase is specified in percent of the nominal voltage for increasing the
starting torque at low rotating field frequencies.
(Value ranges: 0 - 30%)
By using the dynamic BOOST the motor is exposed to a thermal limited
minimal burden. The dynamic BOOST is added to a possibly present static
BOOST. The same explanations apply as for the static BOOST.
8.10. Temporally limited boost
During the running-up the dynamic boost is activated for the set duration
when exceeding 1Hz.
(Value range: 0.1 - 25.0 sec)
8.11. DC brake
Value specified in percentage of the nominal voltage which determines the
stopping torque (torque at standstill) of the motor (“DC brake”).
(Value range: 0 - 20%)
Note: Despite a high torque generated by the motor at a rotating field
frequency of 0 Hz, the motor shaft can slowly be rotated by an
externally applied torque since this is not a regulated system.
8.12. Duration of the DC braking
Temporal duration of the effectiveness of the DC brake.
(Value range: 0.1 - 25.0 sec.)
To prevent a thermal overload of the motor, the DC brake is limited to a
maximum of 25 seconds and it is activated when reaching 0 Hz. DC
braking can either be activated by applying a set value of 0 V or by a STOP
command. DC braking remains active for the entire preset time if the set
value is not increased again during braking or a START command is
issued. During reversing, DC braking is not activated.
8.13. Slip compensation
Compensation of the difference of the rotating field frequency and rotor
frequency.
(Value range: 0.1 - 25%)
8.14. Multi-function output (frequency)
For setting the rotating field frequency at which the multi-function relay
should be activated. This relay function is activated by specifying a default
value greater than ZERO.
(Value range: 2 - 250 Hz)
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AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
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unit description 221077E, 01/00
8.15. Multi-function output (current)
For setting the amount of current at which the multi-function relay should be
activated. To activate this function, the value entered for the “Multi-function
output/frequency” parameter must be ZERO.
(Value range: 0.1 - 20.0 amps)
8.16. Running-down ramp 1 = ON, 0 = OFF
With no signal applied to the Start/Stop input and 1 (ONE) was specified for
this parameter, the converter reduces the rotating field frequency
corresponding the set running-down ramp. Otherwise, the converter
releases the motor shaft immediately.
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unit description 221077E, 01/00
9. Parameter set-independent presettings
9.1. Clock frequency
Frequency, the inverter of the power circuit is clocked with.
The following values are admissable: 1, 2, 4, 8, and 16 kHz.
Note: With the exception of 16 kHz, the clock frequency will be noticed as
more or less loud noise. The lower the clock frequency, the lower the
switching power loss in the power circuit and thus the warming-up of the
converter. The best motor characteristics are achieved using 2 kHz and up.
The clock frequency of 16 kHz should only be used in exceptional cases
due to the increased heating of the converter. A sufficient ventilation of the
converter is to be guaranteed if it is selected. Possibly, the power must be
reduced.
9.2. Language
Language used for the operator prompts.
The following languages can be selected: German, English, French, Italian,
and Spanish.
9.3. Braking chopper (optional)
This option must be activated at devices with intergrated braking chopper
and an externally connected braking resistor. Using a resistor the energy
produced in the generator operation in the temporary circuit will be
converted into heat losses (refer to section 15.1).
9.4. Display/hide the menu for the programmable input
terminals
Using this function the display of the programmable inputs can be
suppressed (if no programming of these are not required).
9.5. Show parameter sets
The number of parameter sets to display.
9.6. I²t current / I²t time
The I²t function is used to avoid a thermal overloading of the motor and/or
to avoid a motor operation over an extended period in a spurious operation
(e.g. shaft blocking). The current value above the normal operating state is
entered for this aim. An accordingly long time must be enetred to avoid a
shutdown of the converter with short current peaks.
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AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
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unit description 221077E, 01/00
9.7. Temperature monitoring
The integrated temperature monitoring enables the output of a warning
signal while exceeding the set temperature. The warning is shown on the
operating interface in the form of a flashing "converter temperature too
high" message.
Furthermore, there is the possibility to output the warning signal to the
programmable digital outputs (refer to 11.2)
9.8. Temperature switching-off
While exceeding the set temperature, the switching-off of the frequency
converter is performed paralled by outputting the "converter temperature
inadmissible" message and the signalling of the digit 4 on the sevensegment display.
9.9. Factory settings
The factory settings is activated by selecting " → copy? Y "and causes the
overwriting of every parameter with the preset factory values (cf., section
5).
9.10. Copy process
The operating interface contains a memory that enables the storing of four
files. A file contains all parameters available in the frequency converter
(refer to figure Figure 7). Furthermore, the possibility exists to assign a file
an individual file name consisting of eight freely selectable charcters. This
file name is read on-line without initiating a copy operation. Eight question
marks shown instead of a file name signal a missing memory (memory
area).
The following examples should clarify the structure and the program
execution of the possible copy operations.
1. Band1 --> FD copies the 1st file of the operating interface with the Band1
file name into the
st
Figure 7: 1 example of a copy process
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GEORGII KOBOLD
AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
unit description 221077E, 01/00
FD -> 3. Milling machine
copies all parameters of the FD to the 3rd file
of the operating interfaces with the Miller file
name (precondition: write protection is
inactive)
Figure 8: 2nd example of a copy process
9.11. File name
A file name with eight freely selectable characters can be entered for the
designation of the parameters stored in the FD. While copying all
parameters of the FD into the memory of the operating interface, the file
name offers a designation possibility of the four files (refer to 9.11).
9.12. Write protection
The write protection refers exclusively to the four files of the operating
interface. It is used as a safety measure concerning operating errors with
regard to unintentional overwriting of files. With active write protection, a file
can only be read by the frequency converter. The attempt to overwrite a
protected file is prompted by an error message.
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AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
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unit description 221077E, 01/00
10.
Set value assignment
10.1. Set value
The set value presetting can alternatively be made by specifying
1. a master reference voltage (preset value input, refer to section 10)
2. an impressed current (preset value input, refer to section 10)
3. a frequency (preset value input, refer to section 10)
4. by using the push-buttons (UP and DOWN push-button of the operating
interface) or
5. by means of a PC via the RS-232c interface (refer to section 6.1)
Corresponding to this specification, jumpers must be setthat are located in
the device directly behind the terminal strip of inputs 1 - 2:
Jumper settings for the different types of set value specifications
Figure 9: Jumper settings
After a RESET, the rotary field frequency stored as fixed preset value is
enabled during activation of the preset value assignment via push-button.
In the push-button mode, the fixed preset value is stored by setting the
desired rotary field frequency using the UP/DOWN keys and the
subsequent acknowledgement using the PRG, SH keys (press
simultaneously).
The push-button mode is deactivated by pressing the PRG key for more
than 5 seconds and by selecting any other preset value.
Indipendently of what preset value specification is selected, the
preset value input of the converter must be wired!
If for example, no master voltage and no potentiometer is used then the
simplest possibility of wiring is a jumper between terminal 2 and terminal 3
(fmin) or a jumper between terminal 1 and terminal 2 (fmax).
10.2. Set value - Hysteresis
Stabilization of the pre-defined rotating field frequency.
10.3. Set value - Offset
Specification of an offset (e. g. to compensate for noise).
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AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
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In figure Figure 10 it is shown how the original characteristic is affected by
a positive or negative offset.
1 LSB corresponds to an input voltage of approx. 10 mV or an input
current of 20 µA!
Figure 10: Preset value offset with 0 .. 10 V, 0 .. 20 mA preset
assignment
10.4. V/f characteristics
A selection can be made between the linear V/f characteristics (with the
output voltage being proportional to the rotating field frequency) and the
square characteristics (“fan characteristics” with a squared output voltage
increase in relation to the rotating field frequency) whereby the reference
point is the corner frequency.
10.5. Fade out frequency1, fade out frequency2
In case of resonance effects in drive systems, two frequency ranges can be
defined disabling any stationary operation. The definition of a frequency
range is made by means of programming a fading frequency ±2 Hz. A
reference value specification within this range causes an offset of the actual
value (refer to figure Figure 11) above or below the limiting frequencies.
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GEORGII KOBOLD
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unit description 221077E, 01/00
Figure 11: Rotating fieled frequency using the fade out
frequencies
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AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
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unit description 221077E, 01/00
11.
Programming of the digital inputs/outputs
The digital inputs and outputs of the KFU are programmable. They can be
assigned to the converter functions mentioned in sections 9.
A special feature of the digital inputs is the programmability of a
multifunctional terminal and four logical linking possibilities. Furthermore,
the evaluation of the input signals at terminals 5, 6, 7, and 8 can be
programmed independently of the function parameters (refer to figure
Figure 12) by means of the "terminal assignment" parameter. A definable
"reaction time" is used for the suppression of noise signals or bouncing
times of switch contacts.
As described in section 9.4, it is required to display the menu for the
parameterization of inputs/outputs.
11.1. Parameterization of the control inputs
The following functions can be applied to terminals 5, 6, 7, and 8. The
assignment of several functions to one input is possible (refer to section
11.1).
(1)
cw start
(2)
ccw start
(3)
parameter set changeover 0
(4)
parameter set changeover 1
(5)
f min
(6)
f fix
(7)
input reset
The logical linking and inversion of input terminals is defined as follows:
L
Kl. 5
---> non-inverted input (high active)
L
INV 5
---> inverted input (low active)
L
OR 5+6 ---> logical OR non-inverted inputs
L
INV 5+6 ---> logical OR inverted inputs
L
AND 5&6 ---> logical AND non-inverted inputs
L
INV 5&6 ---> logical AND inverted inputs
The following symbols are determined for terminal assignment:
L
level-controlled input (high active)
L
level-controlled input (low active)
L
edge-controlled input (positive edge-triggering)
L
edge-controlled input (negative edge-triggering)
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AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
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unit description 221077E, 01/00
Figure 12: Configuration of the control inputs
11.2. Parameterization of the control outputs
Terminals 15 and 16 (the relay output switches together with the open
collector output of terminal 6). The following functions can be assigned:
(1) multi-function
(8) excess temperature 2
(2) PTC motor temperature
(9) general fault message
(3) undervoltage
(10) zero monitoring
(4) overvoltage 1
(11) DC braking
(5) overvoltage 2
(12) ready
(6) short-circuit
(13) I²t error
(7) excess temperature 1
(14) digital output (only to terminal 15)
Furthermore, there is the possibility of inverting the outputs!
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GEORGII KOBOLD
AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
unit description 221077E, 01/00
11.3. Explanations to the control inputs and outputs
Minimum rotating field frequency
With a wired input, the minimum rotating field frequency is kept
independently of the set value.
Parameter set switching
The current parameter set is displayed in the ”Operating values” menu. A
parameter set desired by wiring the corresponding inputs is taken over
online.
Parameter set
changeover 0
Parameter set
changeover 1
Parameter set 1
active
active
Parameter set 2
inactive
active
Parameter set 3
active
inactive
Parameter set 4
inactive
inactive
Table 5: Parameter set changeover
Note: For parameter sets can be activated ba re-programming the inputs
and using the parameter set changeover 1 function (Par1)
Clockwise rotation start (cw start)
If this input is wired and a positive set value is simultaneously applied the
motor runs up to speed withthe running-up time specified in the selected
parameter set until the set value is reached and in the specified direction.
If the input is opened running-down is initiated using the set ramp of the
selected parameter set up to the standstill. If the ramp of the corresponding
parameter set is deactivated the shaft is immediately released.
Ccounter-clockwise rotation start (ccw start)
Refer to ´Clockwise rotation start´ with the opposite rotating direction. If
´Clockwise rotation start´ is activated in addition, it has precedence (a
reversing procedure is made).
Fixed frequency
Immediate running-up/running-down to this preset value of the
corresponding parameter set, independent of the currently applied set
value.
Note: The fixed frequency can be activated by re-programming the inputs
and using the f fix function.
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AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
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unit description 221077E, 01/00
Input reset
An active "input reset" function de-activates all input latches (refer to
figureFigure 12) and therefore all programmable functions exclusively
linked to edge-controlled inputs.
Reset
Activating this input initializes the controller and the power circuit of the
converter. After this, the device is a ready to operate state.
If the input is opened the converter immediately releases the motor shaft.
PTC input
Motor protection or thermal protection as a switch
Analog output
Analog signal (0 -10V) corresponding to the current rotating field frequency.
at f max <= 127 Hz → 127 Hz = 10 V
at f max <= 250 Hz → 250 Hz = 10 V
Digital output (programmable function, refer to section 11.2)
Digital signal corresponding to the current rotary field frequency (0-250Hz).
Programmable digital outputs
Refer to section 11.2
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GEORGII KOBOLD
AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
unit description 221077E, 01/00
12.
Connection diagram
Table 6: Terminals, control stage, minimal required assignment
Pin
Description
Value
1
Reference voltage
+ 10 V-DC
2
Preset value input, analog/digital
0 .. 10 V-DC, 2 .. 10 V-DC
0 .. 20 mA, 4 .. 20 mA
0 .. 100 kHz
*
3
GND
Ground
4
Reference voltage
+ 15 V-DC
5
*
Digital input *
min. rotating field frequency
6
Digital input *
parameter set changeover 0
7
Digital input *
ccw start
8
Digital input *
cw start
9
Digital input
Reset
10
GND
Ground
11
Analog input
PTC motor temp. monitoring
12
GND
Ground
13
Analog output
0 .. 10 V-DC
factory settings of the 4 programmable inputs
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AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
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unit description 221077E, 01/00
14
External voltage input
12 .. 30 V-DC
15
Digital output 2
Programmable
16
Digital output 1
Programmable
17
Relais output
NO-contact
18
Relais output
common contact
19
Relais output
NC-contact
Table 7: Terminal assignment, control stage
Note: The digital inputs (terminals 5, 6, 7, 8, 9) are designed for a control
voltage range of 12 V up to 30 V!
The open collector outputs ( terminals 15,16 ) can be loaded
30V/40mA max.!
The relay can be loaded 250V-AC/7A max. or 30 V-DC/7 A max.!
Figure 13: Terminal assignment, power stage
Pin
Description
Value
20
Input
external braking resistor
21
Input
external braking resistor
22
U
23
V
24
W
25
PE
26
PE
27
N
28
L1
Umot 3 x 0 .. 230 V-AC
Pin 47-49, KFU 8/230, KFU 10/230 only! Voltage output for fan.
47
PE
48
N
49
L1
Table 8: Terminal assignment, power stage
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GEORGII KOBOLD
AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
unit description 221077E, 01/00
13.
Dimensions
KFU 2-230 DF3
KFU 8-230 DF3
KFU 4-230 DF3
KFU 10-230 DF3
a
65 mm
130 mm
b
220 mm
296 mm
c
230 mm
310 mm
d
70 mm
80 mm
e
112 mm
180 mm
f
50 mm
40 mm
g
204 mm
270 mm
s
5,5 mm
6 mm
Table 9: Dimensions
Casing with terminal compartment, prog. unit cable lockings.
Figure 14: Dimensions
GEORGII KOBOLD
AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
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unit description 221077E, 01/00
14.
Technical data
Typ
2
KFU .../230-A-DF3
Output
motor side
4
0,88 kVA
1,6 kVA
3,2 kVA
3,9 kVA
Max. motor power
0,37 kW
0,75 kW
1,5 kW
2,2 kW
Rated output current
2,0 A
4,0 A
8,0 A
10,0 A
Max. rated output voltage
3 x 0 .. 230 V, PWM, sinusoidal
0 .. 250 Hz + 25%
Output choke
internal
Rated voltage
400 V ±10%
Mains filter
General data
10
Device output power
Max. rated output frequency
Input
main side
8
internal
Mains frequency
50 /60 Hz ±10%
Protection class
IP 20
Resolution analog input
212 Bit at 0 .. 10 V, 26 Bit
Max. voltage rising time
4 kV/µs
Mean operating hours
~100 000 h
Max. surface temperature
55 °C
Environmental temerapure
0 - 50 °C
Environmentaly humidity
Weight
20 - 90% rel.
1,8 kg
Table 10: Technical Data
GEORGII KOBOLD
AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
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unit description 221077E, 01/00
15.
Application notes
15.1. Dynamic braking using a braking chopper
The built-in braking chopper with external braking resistor enables dynamic
braking of large masses without initiating a switch-off of the converter.
When braking centrifugal masses with a relatively short running-down time
(brake time), the mass inertia of the entire drive works as generatoric
torque.
This braking operating is equivalent to an energy feedback of the drive
resulting in a temporary circuit voltage increase up to the point where the
excessive voltage switch-off is initiated. By routing this braking energy into
a resistor, the switching off can be prevented. The braking chopper
compares the temporary circuit voltage with a reference voltage which has
a voltage level below the over-voltage tripping level. When the reference
voltage is exceeded a power transistor connects the braking resistor to the
temporary circuit voltage. The resistor then converts the power generated
by the motor in heat loss.
The braking power can be calculated with reference to the activation time
(ED) of the braking resistors. Thus the breaking chopper can be individually
adapted to the drive.
Recommendations for the selection of brake resistors:
The used resistors must be suited for the current and peak power. The
electrical strength of the resistors must be 1000 V.
The necessary mean brake power is calculated from the peak power and
the on-time of the chopper.
Nom. power(W) =
on − time duration ED(s)
∗ peak power(W)
cycle time(s)
In practice it showed that for most applications resistors with a nominal
continuous power loss of 60 Watts are sufficient.
KFU .. / 230
Resistor
Peak power
I max
2
100 Ohm
1 kW
2.5 A
4
100 Ohm
1 kW
2.5 A
8
100 Ohm
1.5 kW
3.7 A
10
100 Ohm
1.5 kW
3.7 A
Table 11: Spezification of braking resistors
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AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
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15.2. Motor protection
Despite using high-grade sine modulation when powering standard 3-phase
asynchronous motors additional losses occur in the motor. Even at nominal
revolutions these losses incur a power reduction whose extent depends
essentially on the exploitation of the temperature ranges of the motor.
For drives with a square counter-torque (e.g.fans) and 50 Hz as maximum
rotating field frequency the imposed power reduction is usually around 0 10%.
For drives with a constant counter-torque (compressors, conveyer belts,
etc.), the power reduction has to be selected correspondingly larger
depending on the range of the adjustment.
For the adjustment range,the stationary load torque must lie below the
continuous operating characteristics of the motor to guarantee a safe
operation of a motor. During operation and starting of the drive, it able to
momentarily submit torques corresponding to the current limiting of the
converter. The setting of the voltage increase (static Boost). essentially
determines the maximum torque below 10 Hz. During a continuous
operation an excessive high boost setting for the lower rotating field
frequency range (up to 15 Hz) can cause an overheating of the motor.
An all-including thermal protection of the self-cooling motor can be
achieved by means of a temperature sensor (e.g. PTC thermistor or
thermal time-delay switch) built into the motor. For revolutions above 120%
of the nominal revolutions, the performance of the motor has to be
examined.
Figure 15: Operating characteristics of a frequency-controlled
asynchronous machine
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unit description 221077E, 01/00
15.3. Cabinet mounting
Figure 16: Cabinet mounting
15.4. Measures for securing the EMC
Subsequently measures for guaranteeing the electromagnetic compatibility
are presented which are to be regarded as an imperative necessity in the
area of the converter technology.
Grounding, earthing, potential compensation
The correct, professional grounding or earthing guarantees the personnel
protection against dangerous touch voltages (input, output and intermediate
circuit voltage). Spill current diverting and low-impedance potential
compensation are important measures for reducing electromagnetic
influences.
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AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
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Filtering
Filters are inserted into the lead-bound transfer way between interference
source and interference susceptible equipment. Their task is to reduce
lead-bound transmissions as well as to increase the noise immunity.
Therefore, the KFU mainsfilter and output chokes have been built-in.
Screening
Screening is used for decoupling fields of two spatial areas, i.e. it also used
to decrease the emission of electromagnetic radiation and to increase the
noise immunity. The consistent use of metal cases (KFU) shows one of the
most important standard measures for guaranteeing the EMC.
Coupling into motor cables
Using twisted core cables can essentially reduce couplings into a circuit.
Capacitive, inductive and electromagnetic interferences are reduced by
using cable screens. Note that for reducing low frequency capacitive
interference, generally a one-sided connection of the screening may be
sufficient. Inductive and high frequency electromagnetic interference can be
prevented only by connecting both sides of the cable screening.
The screening must not be used as protection earthing!!!
15.5. Warnings
According to the newest state of the technology, electronical power
controllers are operating-safe electrical equipment for use in all heat
engineering equipment.
!! Please take special note of safety remarks!!
Caution:
Perform work on the controllers, e.g. assembly, connection, maintenance
only if
L
the electric equipment is voltage-free
L
protected against powering up, and
L
all drives are standing still
Danger:
In the power-up state, electrical equipment and machines have voltageleading and non-isolated conductors or rotating parts. After removing the
operation covers and mandatory protection facilities, those wires and
rotating parts can cause personnel insuries and property damages when
treated and maintained wrongly and/or at non-intended use.
There is an additional danger connected with power electronical devices
since it is not necessarily known by every skilled worker that the equipment
might still be under voltage even after switching off of the supply voltage
(capacitor chargement!). In addition for the awaiting of the discharge time
(approx. 90 sec.), the residual voltage must be checked before starting the
work.
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unit description 221077E, 01/00
Attention:
Only skilled workers who master the respectively valid safety regulations
and assembly instructions are allowed to
L
transport,
L
set up,
L
connect,
L
commission,
L
maintain, and
L
operate
electric equipment and machines.
The safety-legal responsible of the equipment must authorize the skilled
workers for the necessary activities.
Skilled workers are persons that
L
are educated and experienced.
L
master the respective valid standards, regulations, determinations and
accident prevention instructions.
L
have been introduced to the method of functioning and operating
conditions of electric motion systems.
L
can recognize and avoid dangers.
For the regulation concerning skilled workers
refer to VDE 0105 or IEC 364.
The use of non-qualified personnel is forbidden.
The controller and interlocks as well as the monitoring and protection
functions (rotational speed monitoring, excess current a.s.o.) may not be
overridden or made functionless also not during the test operation.
Equipment may only be assembled and operated in the documented order.
Intended use! Each other usage is not admissible!
Storage regulations:
The instructions for the storing of electric equipment are to be observed.
Please request more information if required and/or take these from the
specifications!
Prevent noise and thereby avoid personnel and property damages.
The responsible for the equipment must ensure that safety notes and
operating instructions are at hand and are observed,
L
operating conditions and specifications according to the order are
observed,
GEORGII KOBOLD
AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
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unit description 221077E, 01/00
L
protection facilities are used,
L
prescribed maintenance work is performed,
L
the maintenance personnel are immediately notified or the electric
equipment is immediately stopped if higher temperatures, noise,
oscillations etc. appear in contrast to the rated operation.
Information are contained in the operating instruction which are required by
skilled workers for using the electrical equipment in industrial equipment.
Additional information and notes for non-qualified personnel, for using the
equipment in non-industrial equipment, and about possible drive variants
are not contained in this operating manual.
A guarantee of the manufacturer is only maintained when observing and
maintaining the respectively valid operating instructions
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GEORGII KOBOLD
AUGUST HEINE GmbH & Co
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