7026 Series Managed Industrial Ethernet Switch User

7026 Series Managed Industrial Ethernet Switch User
7026 Series
Managed Industrial
Ethernet Switch
User Manual &
Installation
Guide
(Revised 2015-09-28)
7026TX Industrial Ethernet Switch Installation Guide ................................................................................................ 4
7026TX Industrial Ethernet Switch Accessories ......................................................................................................... 5
SAFETY WARNINGS ................................................................................................................................................ 7
Installation .................................................................................................................................................................. 10
Connecting the Unit ................................................................................................................................................... 14
Mode of Operation .................................................................................................................................................................. 18
Port Mirroring ......................................................................................................................................................................... 18
Port Trunking .......................................................................................................................................................................... 18
Quality of Service (QoS) ......................................................................................................................................................... 18
Virtual LAN ............................................................................................................................................................................ 19
Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................................ 20
SNMP Traps ............................................................................................................................................................................ 20
IGMP Snooping ...................................................................................................................................................................... 20
N-Ring ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 21
N-Link ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 21
CIP .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 21
DHCP ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 21
DHCP Client ........................................................................................................................................................................... 22
DHCP Relay Agent ................................................................................................................................................................. 22
DHCP Server ........................................................................................................................................................................... 22
LLDP ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 22
Port Security—MAC Address Based ...................................................................................................................................... 22
Web Software Configuration ..................................................................................................................................... 24
Web Management ................................................................................................................................................................... 24
Web Management - Home ...................................................................................................................................................... 25
Administration – System ......................................................................................................................................................... 27
Administration – SNMP .......................................................................................................................................................... 31
Administration – Fault ............................................................................................................................................................ 33
DHCP – Server – Setup Profiles ............................................................................................................................................. 35
DHCP – Server – Setup IP Maps ............................................................................................................................................ 37
DHCP – Server – View Bindings ............................................................................................................................................ 42
DHCP – Relay & Local IP - Setup .......................................................................................................................................... 43
LLDP - Configuration ............................................................................................................................................................. 46
LLDP - Ports ........................................................................................................................................................................... 47
LLDP - Status .......................................................................................................................................................................... 48
LLDP - Statistics ..................................................................................................................................................................... 49
Ports – Configuration .............................................................................................................................................................. 50
Ports – MAC Security – Learning ........................................................................................................................................... 53
Ports – MAC Security – Authorization List ............................................................................................................................ 56
Ports – MAC Security – Intruder Log ..................................................................................................................................... 57
Ports – Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................... 58
Ports – Trunking ...................................................................................................................................................................... 60
Ports – QOS............................................................................................................................................................................. 61
Statistics – Port Statistics ........................................................................................................................................................ 63
Statistics – Port Utilization ...................................................................................................................................................... 64
VLAN – Configuration ........................................................................................................................................................... 65
Bridging – Aging Time ........................................................................................................................................................... 68
Bridging – Unicast Addresses ................................................................................................................................................. 69
Bridging – Multicast Addresses .............................................................................................................................................. 71
Bridging – Show MAC by Port ............................................................................................................................................... 73
RSTP – Configuration ............................................................................................................................................................. 75
IGMP – Configuration ............................................................................................................................................................ 79
IGMP – Configuration, Continued… ......................................................................................................................... 82
IGMP – Show Group and Show Router .................................................................................................................................. 83
IGMP – RFilter ....................................................................................................................................................................... 84
N-View – Configuration.......................................................................................................................................................... 86
N-View – Ports ........................................................................................................................................................................ 87
N-Ring – Configuration – Mode ............................................................................................................................................. 89
N-Ring – Configuration – Advanced ...................................................................................................................................... 92
(Revised 2015-09-28)
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N-Ring – Status ....................................................................................................................................................................... 94
N-Link – Configuration ........................................................................................................................................................... 98
N-Link – Status ..................................................................................................................................................................... 102
CIP - Configuration ............................................................................................................................................................... 107
CIP – Status ........................................................................................................................................................................... 108
Firmware/Config – TFTP ...................................................................................................................................................... 109
Support – Web Site and E-mail ............................................................................................................................................. 110
Rate Limiting – Broadcast Rate Limit Configuration ........................................................................................................... 111
Rate Limiting – Multicast Rate Limit Configuration ............................................................................................................ 113
User Management – Adding Users ....................................................................................................................................... 115
User Management – Removing Users ................................................................................................................................... 116
LogicalView .......................................................................................................................................................................... 117
Help – Overview ................................................................................................................................................................... 120
Help – Administration ........................................................................................................................................................... 121
Help – DHCP ........................................................................................................................................................................ 122
Help – LLDP ......................................................................................................................................................................... 123
Help – Ports ........................................................................................................................................................................... 124
Help – Statistics..................................................................................................................................................................... 125
Help – VLAN ........................................................................................................................................................................ 126
Help – Bridging ..................................................................................................................................................................... 127
Help – RSTP ......................................................................................................................................................................... 128
Help – IGMP ......................................................................................................................................................................... 129
Help – N-View ...................................................................................................................................................................... 130
Help – N-Ring ....................................................................................................................................................................... 131
Help – N-Link ....................................................................................................................................................................... 132
Help – CIP ............................................................................................................................................................................. 133
Help – Firmware/Config ....................................................................................................................................................... 134
Help – Rate Limiting ............................................................................................................................................................. 135
Help – User Management ...................................................................................................................................................... 136
Help – Other .......................................................................................................................................................................... 137
CLI Commands ........................................................................................................................................................ 138
“?” (Help) .............................................................................................................................................................................. 138
Logout ................................................................................................................................................................................... 138
Show, Add, or Delete ARL Entries ....................................................................................................................................... 139
Configuration Device Operations .......................................................................................................................................... 140
Show or Set CIP Configuration ............................................................................................................................................. 141
Save or Reset the Configuration Settings .............................................................................................................................. 142
Show or Clear Idle Task Statistics ........................................................................................................................................ 142
Show or Set IGMP Configuration ......................................................................................................................................... 143
Show or Set Mirror Configuration ........................................................................................................................................ 144
Show or Set N-Ring Configuration ....................................................................................................................................... 145
Show or Set N-View Configuration ...................................................................................................................................... 145
Ping a Host ............................................................................................................................................................................ 146
Show or Set Port Configuration ............................................................................................................................................ 147
Reset the Switch .................................................................................................................................................................... 148
Show or Set SNMP Configuration ........................................................................................................................................ 148
Show or Clear the Last System Error .................................................................................................................................... 149
Show System Information ..................................................................................................................................................... 149
Set or Show the System IP Configuration ............................................................................................................................. 150
Show or Set System Configuration ....................................................................................................................................... 151
VLAN Addition and Deletion Example ................................................................................................................... 152
VLAN Configuration Examples .............................................................................................................................. 158
Example 1 – Basic understanding of port-based VLANs ...................................................................................................... 158
Example 2 – Basic understanding of tagged VLANs (Admit – Tagged Only) ..................................................................... 159
Example 3 – Basic understanding of tagged VLANs (Admit – All) ..................................................................................... 160
Example 4 – Basic understanding of Hybrid VLANs ........................................................................................................... 161
Example 5 – Basic understanding of Overlapping VLANs................................................................................................... 162
Example 6 – Basic understanding of VLANs with Multicast Filtering ................................................................................. 163
7026TX - KEY SPECIFICATION .......................................................................................................................... 164
7026TX-AC - KEY SPECIFICATION ................................................................................................................... 165
Appendix A. XML Settings File Example .............................................................................................................. 167
(Revised 2015-09-28)
Page 3 of 170
N-TRON Limited Warranty ..................................................................................................................................... 170
7026TX Industrial Ethernet Switch Installation Guide
The N-TRON 7026 Series Industrial Ethernet Switch offers outstanding performance and ease of use. It is
ideally suited for connecting Ethernet enabled industrial and or security equipment and is a fully managed
switch.
PRODUCT FEATURES
PRODUCT CONFIGURATIONS
• Full IEEE 802.3 Compliance
• Twenty-four 10/100 BaseTX RJ-45
• Two Optional Gigabit ports:
o 1000BaseSX/LX Ports, LC style, and/or
o 1000BaseT Ports, RJ45 style
• Extended Environmental Specifications
• Auto Sensing 10/100BaseTX, Duplex, and MDIX
• Offers Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol
• Trunk with other N-Tron trunking capable switches
over two ports
• Store & Forward Technology
• Plug and Play IGMP Support
• Rugged Rack Mount Enclosure
• Onboard Temperature Sensor
• Configuration Backup via optional SD Card
(NTCD-128)
•
• Power Input:
o 7026TX: Redundant DC Input (18-49VDC)
o 7026TX-AC: (90–264VAC) or (90-300VDC)
• 7026TX-XX
– Twenty Four 10/100 Base-TX RJ45 Copper Ports, and
two optional SFP transceivers
• Web Browser Management with detailed ring map and
fault location charting.
• Web Browsing and N-View Switch Monitoring
(Revised 2015-09-28)
Where: XX = AC for AC voltage option. Blank otherwise.
Supported SFP (Mini-GBIC) Fiber Transceivers:
NTSFP-SX
(LC Style Connector, up to 550m)
NTSFP-LX-10 (LC Style Connector, up to 10km)
NTSFP-LX-40 (LC Style Connector, up to 40km)
NTSFP-LX-80 (LC Style Connector, up to 80km)
MANAGEMENT FEATURES
• IGMP Snooping
• VLAN
• QoS
• Port Trunking
• Port Mirroring
• LLDP
• CIP
• 802.1D-2004 Rapid Spanning Tree
• N-RING™ (N-Tron proprietary Ring Management)
• N-LINK™ (N-Tron proprietary Coupling Management)
• DHCP Server, Option 82 relay
• Port Security—MAC Address Based
Page 4 of 170
7026TX Industrial Ethernet Switch Accessories
The SD and USB connectors are for temporary connection only. Do not use, connect, or disconnect unless
area is known to be non-hazardous. Connection or disconnection in an explosive atmosphere could result in
an explosion.
Les SD et USB sont pour la connexion temporaire. Ne pas utiliser, de connecter ou déconnecter sauf si la
zone est connue pour être non dangereux. Connexion ou la déconnexion dans une atmosphère explosive
pourrait entraîner une explosion.
Configuration Device
Ideal for saving, or restoring switch configuration
parameters quickly without the need for a computer or
software. One configuration device per switch is
recommended.
NTCD-128
The configuration device is inserted in the back of the 7026TX.
(Revised 2015-09-28)
Page 5 of 170
Copyright, © N-Tron Corporation, 2010-2015
3101 International Drive, Building 6
Mobile, AL 36606 USA
All rights reserved. Reproduction, adaptation, or translation without prior written permission from N-Tron
Corporation is prohibited, except as allowed under copyright laws.
Ethernet is a registered trademark of Xerox Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos
or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks of their respective owners.
The information contained in this document is subject to change without notice. N-Tron Corporation makes
no warranty of any kind with regard to this material, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of
merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. In no event shall N-Tron Corporation be liable for any
incidental, special, indirect or consequential damages whatsoever included but not limited to lost profits
arising out of errors or omissions in this manual or the information contained herein.
WARNING
AVERTISSEMENT
Do not perform any services on the unit unless qualified to do so. Do not substitute unauthorized parts or
make unauthorized modifications to the unit.
Ne pas effectuer de services sur l'appareil s'il n'est pas qualifié pour le faire. Ne pas remplacer les pièces non
autorisées ou de modifications non autorisées de l'appareil.
Do not operate the unit with the top cover removed, as this could create a shock or fire hazard.
Ne pas faire fonctionner l'unité avec le couvercle retiré, ce qui pourrait créer une décharge électrique ou un
incendie.
Do not block the air vents on the sides or the top of the unit.
N'obstruez pas les fentes d'aération sur les côtés ou en haut de l'unité.
Do not operate the equipment in the presence of flammable gasses or fumes. Operating electrical equipment
in such an environment constitutes a definite safety hazard.
Ne pas utiliser le matériel en présence de gaz ou de vapeurs inflammables. L'utilisation de matériel électrique
dans un tel environnement constitue un danger certain.
Do not operate the equipment in a manner not specified by this manual.
Ne pas utiliser le matériel en présence de gaz ou de vapeurs inflammables. L'utilisation de matériel électrique
dans un tel environnement constitue un danger certain.
(Revised 2015-09-28)
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SAFETY WARNINGS
AVERTISSEMENTS DE SÉCURITÉ
GENERAL SAFETY WARNINGS
GÉNÉRAL AVERTISSEMENTS DE SÉCURITÉ
WARNING: If the equipment is used in the manner not specified by N-Tron Corporation, the protection
provided by the equipment may be impaired.
AVERTISSEMENT: Si l'équipement est utilisé d'une manière non spécifiée par N-Tron Corporation, la
protection fournie par l'équipement peut être compromise.
LASER SAFETY (Optional NTSFP-LX -40 and -80)
CAUTION: CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT. Do not stare into the laser!
ATTENTION: PRODUIT LASER CLASSE 1. Ne pas regarder dans le laser!
Contact Information
N-Tron Corporation
3101 International Drive, Building 6
Mobile, AL 36606
TEL: (251) 342-2164
FAX: (251) 342-6353
WEBSITE: www.redlion.net
E-MAIL: customer.service@redlion.net
ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY
WARNING: Disconnect the power and allow to cool 5 minutes before touching.
AVERTISSEMENT: Déconnectez le câble d'alimentation et laisser refroidir 5 minutes avant de la toucher.
ELECTRICAL SAFETY
WARNING: Do not operate the unit with the any cover removed.
AVERTISSEMENT: Ne pas utiliser l'appareil avec n'importe quel couvercle retiré.
WARNING: Properly ground the unit before connecting anything else to the unit. Units not properly
grounded may result in a safety risk and could be hazardous and may void the warranty. See the grounding
technique section of this user manual for proper ways to ground the unit.
(Revised 2015-09-28)
Page 7 of 170
AVERTISSEMENT: Correctement à la terre de l'unité avant tout raccordement à l'unité. Unités pas
correctement mise à la terre peut entraîner un risque de sécurité et pourraient être dangereux et peut annuler
la garantie. Voir la section technique de mise à la terre de ce mode d'emploi des moyens appropriés à la
masse de l'appareil.
WARNING: Never install or work on electrical equipment or cabling during periods of lightning activity.
AVERTISSEMENT: Ne jamais installer ou de travailler sur un équipement électrique ou de câblage
pendant les périodes d'activité de la foudre.
WARNING: Do not perform any services on the unit unless qualified to do so.
AVERTISSEMENT: Ne pas effectuer de services sur l'appareil s'il n'est pas qualifié pour le faire.
WARNING: Do not block the air vents.
AVERTISSEMENT: Ne pas obstruer les bouches d'aération.
WARNING: Observe proper DC Voltage polarity when installing power input cables. Reversing voltage
polarity can cause permanent damage to the unit and void the warranty.
AVERTISSEMENT: Respecter la polarité correcte de tension DC lors de l'installation des câbles
d'alimentation d'entrée. Inversion de polarité de tension peut causer des dommages permanents à l'appareil
et annule la garantie.
Hazardous Location Installation Requirements
1.
This equipment is suitable for use in Class I, Div. 2, Groups A, B, C, D or non-hazardous locations
only.
Cet équipement est adapté pour une utilisation dans la classe I, Division 2, Groupes A, B, C et D ou
non dangereux endroits seulement.
2.
WARNING: Explosion Hazard – Substitution of components may impair suitability for Class I,
Division 2.
AVERTISSEMENT: Risque d'explosion - Remplacement d'un composant peut empêcher la
conformité de Classe I, Division 2.
3.
WARNING: Explosion Hazard - Do not connect or disconnect any connections while circuit is live
unless area is known to be non-hazardous.
AVERTISSEMENT: Risque d'explosion - Ne pas brancher ou débrancher les connexions lorsque le
circuit est sous tension sauf si la zone est connue pour être non dangereux.
4.
WARNING: Explosion Hazard – Do not replace the device unless power has been switched off or
the area is known to be non-hazardous.
AVERTISSEMENT: Risque d'explosion - Ne pas remplacer le périphérique à moins que
l'alimentation a été coupé ou que la zone est connu pour être non dangereux.
5.
Surrounding Air Temperature Range: -40°C to 80°C
Gamme de température pour Air Ambiant: -40°C à 80°C
6.
7026TX must be powered by a Class 2 source evaluated to UL1310 only.
7026TX doit être alimenté par une source de classe 2 évalué à UL1310 seulement.
7.
Use 105°C or higher rated Copper wire, (0.22Nm) 2lb/in Tightening torque for field installed
conductors.
(Revised 2015-09-28)
Page 8 of 170
Utilisez 105°C ou plus classé fil de cuivre, (0.22Nm) 2lb/in couple de serrage pour les conducteurs
installés sur le terrain.
8.
WARNING: Exposure to some chemicals may degrade the sealing properties of materials used in
the Sealed Relay Device. Relay U25.
AVERTISSEMENT: L'exposition à certains produits chimiques peut dégrader les propriétés
d'étanchéité des matériaux utilisés dans le dispositif de relais scellé. Relais U25.
(Revised 2015-09-28)
Page 9 of 170
Please make sure the 7026 Series Ethernet Switch package contains the following items:
1. 7026 Series Switch
2. Product CD
Contact your carrier if any items are damaged.
Installation
Read the following warning before beginning the installation:
Lire l'avertissement suivant avant de commencer l'installation:
WARNING
AVERTISSEMENT
Never install or work on electrical equipment or cabling during periods of lightning activity. Never connect
or disconnect power when hazardous gasses are present.
Ne jamais installer ou de travailler sur un équipement électrique ou de câblage pendant les périodes
d'activité de la foudre. Ne jamais brancher ou débrancher l'alimentation en gaz dangereux sont présents.
Disconnect the power cable before removing any enclosure panel.
Débrancher le câble d'alimentation avant de retirer le panneau du chassis.
UNPACKING
Remove all the equipment from the packaging, and store the packaging in a safe place. File any damage
claims with the carrier.
CLEANING
Clean only with a damp cloth.
(Revised 2015-09-28)
Page 10 of 170
RACK AND PANEL MOUNTING
The 7026 Series comes configured with standard rack mount brackets which may be used to mount our
products to standard 19" racks. As an alternative we offer our 7026 Panel Mount Assembly (P/N: 7026PM) which may be used to securely mount the 7026 Series products to a panel or other flat surface.
A clearance of 1 inch should be observed on the sides, back, top and bottom to allow proper ventilation.
Also a cable bend radius of 2 inches should be observed for the front and back side of the unit.
▪PANEL MOUNTING
▪RACK MOUNTING
From Left to Right:
RJ45 Ports
Auto Sensing 10/100 Base-TX Connections
Gigabit Ports
1000 Base SFP Copper or Fiber Transceivers (Optional)
LED lights when Power is supplied to the unit
NOTE: The RJ45 data port has two LEDs located on each connector. The left LED indicates LINK status,
and the right LED indicates ACTIVITY.
(Revised 2015-09-28)
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LEDs: The table below describes the operating modes:
LED
Color
Description
GREEN
Power is ON
RED
Power is ON and a fault condition exists
OFF
Power is OFF
GREEN
10/100/1000Mb Link between ports
OFF
No Link between ports
GREEN
Data is active between ports
OFF
Data is inactive between ports
LNK
ACT
APPLYING POWER AND FAULT CONNECTIONS (Back View)
7026TX with DC Power Supply Installed
 Unscrew & Remove the DC Voltage Input
Plug from the Power Input Header
 Install the DC Power Cables into the Plug
(observing polarity).
 Plug the Voltage Input Plug back into the
Power Input Header.
 Tightening torque for the terminal block
power plug is 0.5 Nm/0.368 Pound Foot.
 Verify the Power LED stays ON.
Notes:
 When a DC Power supply is installed, only one power supply must be connected to power for
minimal operation. For redundant power operation, V1 and V2 inputs must be connected to separate
DC Voltage sources. This device will draw current from both sources simultaneously. Use 16-28
gauge wire when connecting to the power supply.
Recommended 24V DC Power Supplies, similar to: N-Tron’s P/N NTPS-24-1.3
 Input AC 115/230V
 Power 30W
 Output DC 24-28V
 35 mm DIN-Rail Mountable
 Output Current 1.3A @ 24V
 Dimensions: 45X75X91 mm
1.0A @ 28V
(Revised 2015-09-28)
Page 12 of 170
7026TX with AC Power Supply Installed
 Unscrew & Remove the AC Voltage Input
Plug from the Power Input Header
 Install the AC Power Cables into the Plug
(observing polarity).
 Plug the Voltage Input Plug back into the
Power Input Header.
 Tightening torque for the terminal block
power plug is 0.5 Nm/0.368 Pound Foot.
 Verify the Power LED stays ON.

When an AC Power supply is installed (i.e., the –AC option), Use 12-24 gauge wire when
connecting to the power supply.
(Revised 2015-09-28)
Page 13 of 170
7026TX Fault Pins
The Fault pins on the back of the 7026TX can be used for an
alarm contact. The current carrying capacity is 1A at 24VDC.
It is normally open and the relay closes when a fault condition
occurs. These pins can be used to connect an external warning
device such as a light in order to provide an external alarm.
The conditions for generating a fault condition (closing the
relay) can be configured through software.
Connecting the Unit
For FX/FXE units, remove the dust cap from the fiber optic connectors and connect the fiber optic cables.
The TX port on the FX/FXE models should be connected to the RX port of the far end station. The RX port
on the FX/FXE versions should be connected to the TX port of the far end station.
For 10/100 Base-TX ports, plug a Category 5E twisted pair cable into the RJ45 connector. Connect the
other end to the far end station. Verify that the LNK LEDs are ON once the connection has been completed.
To connect any port to another device (end node, Switch or Repeater), use a standard Category 5E straight
through or crossover cable with a
minimum length of one meter and a
maximum length of 100 meters.
N-Tron recommends the use of premanufactured Cat5E cables to ensure the
best performance. If this is not an option
and users must terminate their own ends
on the Cat5E cables; one of the two color
coded standards shown to the right should
be utilized. If a user does not follow one
of these two color code standards then the
performance and maximum cable distance
will be reduced significantly, and may
prevent the switch from establishing a
link.
Warning: Creating a port to port connection on the same switch (i.e. loop) is an illegal operation and
will create a broadcast storm which will crash the network!
(Revised 2015-09-28)
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N-TRON SWITCH GROUNDING TECHNIQUES
The grounding philosophy of any control system is an integral part of the design. N-Tron switches are
designed to be grounded, but the user has been given the flexibility to float the switch when required. The
best noise immunity and emissions (i.e. CE) are obtained when the N-Tron switch chassis is connected to
earth ground via a drain wire. In the case of both the DC and AC Power supply options for the
7026TX/7026TX-AC the power supply is isolated from chassis ground. Therefore the user must not attempt
to ground the switch to earth ground via the power supply. In other N-Tron switches it is common to use
the V- for the purpose of grounding. This must NOT be attempted in the 7026TX or 7026TX-AC.
In the case of the AC power supply option (i.e., 7026TX-AC) the
chassis may be connected to earth ground using the safety input of
the input power plug labeled “GND” (refer to the drawing above
which shows the pin out of the AC power plug) or using the
ground lug located at the rear of the chassis (see adjacent
illustration).
In the case of the 7026TX, the only viable safety ground option is
using the ground lug at the rear of the chassis (see adjacent
illustration).
If the use of shielded cables is required, it is generally
recommended to only connect the shield at one end to prevent ground loops and interfere with low level
signals (i.e. thermocouples, RTD, etc.). Cat5e cables manufactured to EIA-568A or 568B specifications are
required for use with N-Tron Switches.
In the event all Cat5e patch cable distances are small (i.e. All Ethernet devices are located in the same local
cabinet and/or referenced to the same earth ground), it is permissible to use fully shielded cables terminated
to chassis ground at both ends in systems void of low level analog signals.
(Revised 2015-09-28)
Page 15 of 170
RJ45 CONNECTOR CRIMP SPECIFICATIONS
Please reference the illustration below for your Cat5 cable specifications:
(Revised 2015-09-28)
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USB INTERFACE
The 7026TX Series switches provide a USB interface accessed via the USB connector labeled as “USB” on
the unit. This is used to access the Command Line Interpreter (CLI).
USB Cable
Connect the USB port of your PC and the Switch using a standard USB cable. You will require a cable with
a Type A connector for the PC end, and a Type B connector for the Switch end.
Standard USB cables are readily available from a variety of computer stores.
HyperTerminal
The following configuration should be used in HyperTerminal:
Port Settings:
Data Bits:
Parity:
Stop bits:
Flow Control:
(Revised 2015-09-28)
115200
8
NONE
1
NONE
Page 17 of 170
Overview of Advanced Features
Mode of Operation
Each port on the switch can be configured into different modes of operation as shown below:
Copper Ports:
- Half Duplex
- Full Duplex
- Auto Negotiation
1000Base Copper/Fiber Ports:
- Full Duplex
Half Duplex
In half duplex mode, the CSMA/CD media access method is the means by which two or more stations share
a common transmission medium. To transmit, a station waits (defers) for a quiet period on the medium (that
is, no other station is transmitting) and then sends the intended message in bit-serial form. If, after initiating
a transmission, the message collides with that of another station, then each transmitting station intentionally
transmits for an additional predefined period to ensure propagation of the collision throughout the system.
The station remains silent for a random amount of time (back-off) before attempting to transmit again.
Full Duplex
Full duplex operation allows simultaneous communication between a pair of stations using point-to-point
media (dedicated channel). Full duplex operation does not require that transmitters defer, nor do they
monitor or react to receive activity, as there is no contention for a shared medium in this mode.
Auto Negotiation
In Auto Negotiation mode, the port / hardware detects the mode of operation of the station that is connected
to this port and sets its mode to match the mode of the station.
Port Mirroring
A Mirroring Port is a dedicated port that is configured to receive the copies of Ethernet frames that are being
transmitted out and also being received in from any other port that is being monitored.
Port Trunking
Port Trunking is the ability to group two network ports to increase the bandwidth between two machines
(switch or any work station). This feature allows grouping of high-speed connectivity and provides
redundant connection between switches, so that a trunk can act as a single link between the switches.
Quality of Service (QoS)
Quality of service (QoS) refers to resource reservation control mechanisms. Quality of service is the ability
to provide different priority to different applications, users, or data flows. Quality of service guarantees are
important if the network capacity is insufficient, especially for real-time streaming multimedia applications
such as voice over IP, online games and IP-TV, since these often require fixed bit rate and are delay
sensitive, and in networks where the capacity is a limited resource, for example in cellular data
communication. In the absence of network congestion, QoS mechanisms are not required.
(Revised 2015-09-28)
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Each of these three QOS methods below is included or not based on the settings on the relevant browser
page:
1) Force High Priority (Port Based),
2) IEEE802.1p (Tagged QOS), or
3) DSCP (differentiated services code points) (RFC 2474).
When Force High Priority is enabled, the port based priority is included in the decision for all ports and all
frames received on a port will use the default QOS priority for that port in the decision. For example, if it is
desired to have ingress frames on a port egress to the highest priority transmit queue regardless of other
factors, then enable Force High Priority and set the port's Default Port Priority to 7.
Virtual LAN
The switch provides support for setting up tagged Virtual LANs (Local Area Networks). A port may belong
to any number of Virtual LANs. The VLAN membership of a device is determined by the VLAN(s) that
have been defined for the port to which the device is connected. If a device should move from one port to
another, it loses its current VLAN membership and inherits that of the new port it is connected to.
VLANs facilitate easy administration of logical groups of devices that can communicate as if they
were on the same LAN. Traffic between VLANs is restricted, unless the ports are explicitly configured
as overlapping VLANs. Switches forward unicast, multicast, and broadcast traffic only on LAN segments
that serve the VLAN to which the traffic belongs.
A Default Virtual LAN (VID=1) exists to which a port, which is not a member of any other Virtual LAN,
will belong. This allows the switch to operate as a ‘normal’ switch when it is used in a network. A port is
automatically removed from the Default VLAN when it is reconfigured to belong to another Virtual LAN,
because that is the most common operation. But, if desired, the port can be included in VLAN 1 by
configuring VLAN 1 last.
If switch ports are configured to transmit and receive untagged frames, end devices are able to communicate
throughout the LAN. Using Tagged VLANs, the switch has the ability to take non-tagged packets in some
ports, add a VLAN tag to the packet and send it out tagged ports on the switch. The VLANs can also be
configured to accept tagged packets in tagged ports, strip the tags off the packets, and send the packets back
out other untagged ports. This allows a network administrator to set up the switch to support devices on the
network that do not support VLAN Tagged packets. The administrator can also set up the ports to discard
any packets that are tagged or to discard any packets that are untagged based on a hybrid VLAN of both
tagged and untagged ports, and using the VLAN Ingress Filter on the switch.
For each switch port there is one and only one PVID (port VLAN ID) setting. If an incoming frame is
untagged and untagged frames are being accepted, then that frame will inherit the tag of the PVID value for
that port. Subsequent switch routing and treatment will be in accordance with that VLAN switch map. By
configuring PVIDs properly and configuring for all frames to exit untagged, the switch can achieve a ‘port
VLAN’ configuration in which all frames in and out can be untagged, thus not requiring external devices to
be VLAN cognizant.
To understand how a VLAN configuration will perform, first look at the port on which the frame enters the
switch, then the VLAN ID (if the frame is tagged) or the PVID (if the frame is untagged). The VLAN
defined by the VID or PVID defines a VLAN group with a membership of ports. This membership
determines whether a port is included or excluded as to frame egress from the switch.
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The 7026 Series switch also has the ability to allow overlapping VLANs. Overlapping VLANs give the
user the ability to have one or more ports share two or more VLAN groups. For more information and
examples on how this could be implemented, please see the ‘VLAN Configuration Examples’ in this
document, and/or our website’s technical documents. Note that RSTP on overlapping VLANs is not
supported and the system will automatically disable RSTP on all but the lowest VID VLANs that have
overlapping ports.
Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol
The Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol as specified in IEEE 802.1D-2004 is supported. One Spanning Tree per
non-overlapping VLAN is supported. The Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol (RSTP) supersedes the Spanning
Tree Protocol (STP) which was described in IEEE 802.1D-1998. The RSTP is used to configure a simply
connected active network topology from the arbitrarily connected bridges of a bridged network. Bridges
effectively connect just the LANs to which their forwarding ports are attached. Ports that are in a blocking
state do not forward frames. The bridges in the network exchange sufficient information to automatically
derive a spanning tree.
RSTP allows for much quicker learning of network topology changes than the older STP. RSTP supports
new and improved features such as rapid transition to forwarding state. RSTP also sends out new BPDUs
every hello time instead of just relaying them. RSTP interoperates with older STP switches by falling back
to the older STP when the older BPDUs are detected on bridge ports. The user can also manually configure
bridge ports to use the older STP when desired.
SNMP Traps
The 7026 Series switch supports up to 5 SNMP Trap Stations to which SNMP Traps will be sent. The
switch supports six standard traps; Link Up, Link Down, Cold Start, Warm Start, Authentication Errors, and
power supply failure. SNMP Traps will be sent to all the trap stations configured on the switch when the
corresponding trap is enabled.
IGMP Snooping
IGMP Snooping is enabled by default, and the switch is Plug and Play for IGMP. IGMP snooping provides
intelligent network support for multicast applications. In particular, unneeded traffic is reduced. IGMP
Snooping is configured via the web console and if enabled, operates dynamically upon each power up.
Also, there can be manual only or manual and dynamic operation. Note that “static multicast group
address” can be used whether IGMP Snooping is enabled or not.
IGMP Snooping will function dynamically without user intervention. If some of the devices in the LAN do
not understand IGMP, then manual settings are provided to accommodate them. The Internet Group
Management Protocol (IGMP) is a protocol that provides a way for a computer to report its multicast group
membership to adjacent ‘routers’. In this case N-Tron 7026 series switches provide router-like
functionality. Multicasting allows one computer to send content to multiple other computers that have
identified themselves as interested in receiving the originating computer's content. Multicasting can be used
to transmit only to an audience that has joined (and not left) a multicast group membership. IGMP version 2
is formally described in the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Request for Comments (RFC) 2236.
IGMP version 1 is formally described in the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Request for Comments
(RFC) 1112. The 7026 series supports v1 and v2.
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N-Ring
N-Ring is enabled by default, and the switch is Plug and Play for N-Ring except that initially one must
enable an N-Ring enabled device to be the N-Ring Manager for a given N-Ring. Subsequently, N-Ring
operates dynamically upon each power up. Using N-Tron's proprietary N-Ring technology offers expanded
ring size capacity, detailed fault diagnostics, and a standard healing time of 30ms. The N-Ring Manager
periodically checks the health of the N-Ring via health check packets. If the N-Ring Manager stops
receiving the health check packets, it times out and converts the N-Ring to a backbone within 30ms. When
using all N-Ring enabled switches in the ring, a detailed ring map and fault location chart is also provided
on the N-Ring Manager’s web browser. N-Ring status is also sent from the N-Ring Manager to the N-View
OPC Server to identify the health status of the ring. Up to 250 N-Ring enabled switches can participate in
one N-Ring topology. Switches that do not have N-Ring capability may be used in an N-Ring, however the
ring map and fault location chart cannot be as detailed at these locations.
N-Link
The purpose of N-Link is to provide a way to redundantly couple an N-Ring topology to one or more other
topologies, usually other N-Ring topologies. Each N-Link configuration requires 4 switches: N-Link
Master, N-Link Slave, N-Link Primary Coupler, and N-Link Standby Coupler. N-Link will monitor the link
status of the Primary and Standby Coupler links. While the Primary Coupler link is healthy, it will forward
network traffic and the Standby Coupler link will block network traffic. When a problem is detected on the
Primary Coupler link, the Primary Coupler link will block network traffic and the Standby Coupler link will
forward network traffic. While the N-Link Master and Slave are in communication via the Control link,
only one Coupler link (Primary or Standby) will forward network traffic while the other Coupler link will
block network traffic.
CIP
The CIP (Common Industrial Protocol) feature allows N-Tron switches to directly provide switch
information and configuration access to Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) and Human Machine
Interface (HMI) applications via a standardized communication protocol. For example, a PLC may be
programmed to monitor port links or N-Ring status and cause a status indicator to turn red on an HMI if a
port goes link down or if N-Ring has a fault. CIP is formally described in ODVA Publication Number
PUB00001 (Volume 1: Common Industrial Protocol (CIP™)), and Publication Number: PUB00002
(Volume 2: EtherNet/IP Adaptation of CIP). N-Tron provides EDS and ICO files. N-TRON_CIP_Tags.pdf
is for a particular environment, but reveals the tags available.
DHCP
The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) provides configuration parameters to Internet hosts.
DHCP is built on a client-server model, where designated DHCP server hosts allocate network addresses
and deliver configuration parameters to dynamically configured hosts. DHCP is controlled by RFC 2131.
The N-Tron DHCP Switch can be configured to be a DHCP Client. Alternately the N-Tron DHCP switch
can be configured to be a DHCP Server, a DHCP Relay Agent, or both.
For more detailed information on N-Tron DHCP features, reference: http://www.n-tron.com/tech_docs.php.
Under ‘White papers’, see. “Using DHCP to Minimize Equipment Setup Time”. Under ‘Installation Guides
and User Manuals’ see “DHCP Technical Instructions for 708 / 716/ 7026 / 7506 Series”.
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DHCP Client
The switch will automatically obtain an IP assignment from a DHCP Server, or optionally Fallback to a
configured IP assignment if unable to get an IP assignment from a DHCP server. Communication between
the client and server can optionally go through a DHCP Relay Agent.
DHCP Relay Agent
DHCP Relay Agent (Option 82) allows communication between the client and server to cross subnet and
VLAN boundaries. It also allows for a device on a specific port to receive a specific IP address and if the
device is replaced, the replacement receives the same IP address as the original device.
DHCP Server
DHCP Server allows DHCP Client devices to automatically obtain an IP assignment. IP assignments can be
set up as a dynamic range of IP addresses available to any client device; or specific IP addresses based on
the clients MAC address, Client ID (Option 61), or Relay Agent connection (Option 82).
LLDP
Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP) is a Layer 2 discovery protocol that allows devices attached to an
IEEE802 LAN to advertise to other devices the major capabilities they have and to store information they
discover in a MIB that can be accessed through SNMP. LLDP is formally described in IEEE Standard 802.1AB.
Port Security—MAC Address Based
The Port Security feature restricts access to the switch by only accepting dynamically learned MAC
addresses and manually entered MAC addresses as authorized. Dynamically learned MAC addresses are
those that the switch detects on any port while in ‘Learning’ mode. A manually entered MAC address must
designate the ports that the address is authorized on. A non-authorized MAC address will be discarded and
will be shown on the intruder log.
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TROUBLESHOOTING
1.
Make sure the
(Power LED) is ON.
2.
Make sure you are supplying sufficient current for the version chosen. Note: The Inrush
current will exceed the steady state current by ~ 2X.
3.
Verify that Link LEDs are ON for connected ports.
4.
Verify cabling used between stations.
5.
Verify that cabling is Category 5E or greater for 100Mbit operation.
SUPPORT
Contact N-Tron Corporation at:
TEL: 251-342-2164
FAX: 251-342-6353
WEBSITE: www.redlion.net
E-MAIL: customer.service@redlion.net
FCC STATEMENT
This product complies with Part 15 of the FCC-A Rules.
Operation is subject to the following conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful Interference
(2) This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device,
pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against
harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio
frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications. Operation of this device in a residential area is likely to cause
harmful interference in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his/her own
expense.
INDUSTRY CANADA
This Class A digital apparatus meets all requirements of the Canadian Interference Causing Equipment
Regulations. Operation is subject to the following two conditions; (1) this device may not cause harmful
interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
Cet appareillage numérique de la classe A répond à toutes les exigences de l'interférence canadienne
causant des règlements d'équipement. L'opération est sujette aux deux conditions suivantes: (1) ce
dispositif peut ne pas causer l'interférence nocive, et (2) ce dispositif doit accepter n'importe quelle
interférence reçue, y compris l'interférence qui peut causer l'opération peu désirée.
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Web Software Configuration
Web Management
Enter the switch’s IP address in any web browser and login to the web management feature of the 7026
Series.
Default:
User Name: admin
Password: admin
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Web Management - Home
When the administrator first logs onto a 7026 Series switch the default home page will be displayed. On the
left hand side of the screen there is a list of configurable settings that the 7026 Series switch will support.
This section of the manual will go through each and every choice listed on the left hand side of the screen
and explain how to configure those settings. In the center of the main home page the administrator can see
some basic information like what firmware revision the switch is running. The firmware can be upgraded at
a later time in the field using TFTP.
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Web Management – Menu Structure
To the left, there is a menu which is shown fully opened below. The pages opened by each of the individual
selections are described in the rest of this section. The use of each of these pages is also described in this
section. In most of the descriptions, only the right side of the page is shown.
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Administration – System
The System tab under the Administration category, lists various information about the switch:
When the IP Configuration is in either DHCP or Static Mode:
IP Configuration
Method used to obtain an IP Address, Subnet Mask and Gateway Address
IP Address
Contains the current IP Address of the device.
Subnet Mask
Contains the current Subnet Mask of the device.
Gateway
Contains the current Gateway of the device.
MAC Address
MAC Address of the device.
System Up Time
This parameter represents the total time count. This time has elapsed since the switch was turned ON or RESET.
Name
It shows the name of the product, which allows alphanumeric and special characters (#, _, -) only.
Contact
The person to contact for system issues, which should be someone within your organization.
Location
The physical location of the switch.
Temperature:
The calculated ambient temperature near the switch. This calculation is only valid after a warm-up period.
Upper Threshold:
The highest temperature for the switch without causing a fault to occur. The threshold is specified as an integer in
C degrees. The range is from -60°C to 100°C, and the default is product dependent.
Lower Threshold:
The lowest temperature for the switch without causing a fault to occur. The threshold is specified as an integer in
C degrees. The range is from -60°C to 100°C, and the default is product dependent.
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Administration – System, Continued…
When the IP Configuration is in DHCP Mode the following information is added:
Client ID
Option used by DHCP clients to specify their unique identifier. The identifier may be the MAC address,
switch name, or entered as a text string or hex characters.
Fallback IP Address
Contains the configured Fallback IP Address of the device.
Fallback Subnet Mask
Contains the configured Fallback Subnet Mask of the device.
Fallback Gateway
Contains the configured Fallback Gateway of the device.
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Administration – System, Continued…
By selecting the Modify button, you will be able to change the switch’s IP Configuration, Client ID, IP
Address, Subnet Mask, Gateway, Name, Contact information, and the Location of the switch through the
web management features, depending on the IP Configuration. It is recommended to change the TCP/IP
information through the Command Line Interface (CLI) initially, but it defaults to the following:
IP Configuration
IP Address
Subnet Mask
Gateway
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– Static
– 192.168.1.201
– 255.255.255.0
– 192.168.1.1
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Administration – System, Continued…
If the IP Configuration mode is set to DHCP and the Fallback IP address is changed from the default IP
address, then the switch will use the Fallback addresses if the IP configuration isn’t received from a DHCP
server in 2 minutes after initial boot. If Fallback address is used, DHCP Client will stop sending requests. If
the IP Configuration is received from a DHCP server, it will never fallback, even if the lease is lost.
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Administration – SNMP
The SNMP tab under the Administration category shows a list of IP Addresses that act as SNMP Traps.
The Read-Only, Read-Write, and Trap Community Names are also shown here.
By selecting the Modify button, you will be able to change any of the fields listed. This allows the user to
set an IP address for a Trap station or change the Community Names. If the SNMP Notification Trap is
enabled, systems that are listed as a Trap station will be sent the corresponding notification trap. To restore
a Trap to “Value Not Configured”, enter ‘0.0.0.0’.
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Administration – SNMP, Continued…
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Administration – Fault
The Fault tab under the Administration category provides configurable selections indicating the way to
notify when a Power, N-Ring Manager, N-Link fault, or Port Usage Fault occurs. The notification may
consist of any combination of the options: Show Web, Show LED, and Contact.
With a low voltage DC power supply installed, the Power signal faults will consist of V1 and V2.
N-Ring Manager signal faults consist of: Broken, Partial Break (Low), Partial Break (High), and Multiple
Managers. N-Link Faults are reported by the N-Link Master and by the N-Link Slave. Port Usage Fault, if
enabled, triggers when actual usage is below the Usage Alarm Low setting, or above the Usage Alarm High
setting (see Port Configuration View and Port Utilization View).
The example below shows the Fault Configuration View on a switch with a low voltage DC Power supply
installed.
Note: V1 and V2 Power Faults are disabled in factory defaults on a low voltage DC power supply.
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Following the Modify button, the administrator will see a list of configurable fields for the Fault
configuration. The fault relay contacts can be configured to open on fault or to close on fault, with the latter
being the default. Once these fields are filled in to meet the needs of the administrator’s network, the
changes may be updated by clicking the Update button at the bottom of the page.
The example below shows the Modify Fault Configuration page on a switch with an AC power supply
installed.
If a low voltage DC power supply is installed, these additional choices appear:
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DHCP – Server – Setup Profiles
The Setup Profiles tab under the DHCP/Server category lists the following information about the current
state of the server and the existing network profiles:
Server Enabled
Indicates whether the DHCP server is active.
Allow Broadcast
Indicates whether the DHCP server will process broadcast messages.
Delay Broadcast (Ms)
The amount of time the DHCP server will delay processing a broadcast message.
Server ID
Descriptive name of the DHCP server.
Profile Name
Descriptive name of the network profile.
Address Pool
Range of IP addresses which the profile can use.
Subnet Address
The most restrictive subnet address calculated from the address pool range.
Subnet Mask
The most restrictive subnet mask calculated from the address pool range.
Domain Name
The domain name to be presented to the client.
Has Profile IP Maps
Indicates whether the profile has IP maps associated with it.
Delete
Deletes the profile along with all IP maps and bindings associated with it. The Default profile cannot be deleted.
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DHCP – Server – Setup Profiles, Continued…
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DHCP – Server – Setup IP Maps
The Setup IP Maps tab provides the way to create IP mappings with an existing network profile. There are
three types of mappings that can be created: Dynamic Range, Static Range, and Single IP.
The Dynamic Range type of mapping is used to create a range of dynamic IP addresses for requesting
clients. The following information is required:
Network Profile
An existing network profile to which the IP map applies.
Low IP
The starting IP address of a range.
High IP
The ending IP address of a range.
The Static Range type of mapping is used to create a range of static IP addresses dedicated to specific
ports on a relay agent switch. There are two different data entry formats available according to
whether the relay agent type is for an N-TRON or for a generic switch.
To create a range of static IP addresses on an N-Tron relay agent switch:
Network Profile
An existing network profile to which the IP map applies.
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DHCP – Server – Setup IP Maps, Continued…
Relay Agent Type
Should be set to N-TRON.
Switch Model
List of N-TRON models that support this feature.
Remote ID
A unique identifier that designates the N-TRON relay agent switch.
Add
Checkbox used to add an IP map for the corresponding port.
Port No
The actual port number.
Port Name
Descriptive name of the port.
VLAN
VLAN ID that the port is a member of.
Circuit ID
Auto-generated string based on the port name and VLAN ID.
IP Address
IP address to assign to the IP map.
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DHCP – Server – Setup IP Maps, Continued…
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DHCP – Server – Setup IP Maps, Continued…
To create a range of static IP addresses on a generic relay agent switch:
Network Profile
An existing network profile to which the IP map applies.
Relay Agent Type
Should be set to Generic.
Port Count
The number of ports on the particular relay agent switch.
Add
Checkbox used to add an IP map for the corresponding port.
Port No
The actual port number.
Remote ID
The identifier that corresponds to an Option 82 Remote ID sub-option used by the particular relay agent switch.
Circuit ID
The identifier that corresponds to an Option 82 Circuit ID sub-option used by the particular relay agent switch.
IP Address
IP address to assign to the IP map.
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DHCP – Server – Setup IP Maps, Continued…
The Single IP type of mapping is used to create a static IP address for an individual client. The following
information is required:
Network Profile
An existing network profile to which the IP map applies.
IP
The static IP address to offer to a client.
Unique ID
The unique identifier that must match either the client identifier (Option 61) or the client’s hardware address (MAC).
Format
Designates how the Unique ID is interpreted.
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DHCP – Server – View Bindings
The View Bindings tab lists the bindings of physical devices to IP addresses that are in use or offered:
Network Profile
The profile applied to the binding entry.
Binding Identifier
The client associated with the binding entry.
Client Hardware Address (MAC)
The client’s MAC address.
Client IP Address
The actual IP address assigned to the binding entry.
Status
Indicates the current status of the binding entry.
Release
Removes the corresponding binding.
WARNING: By releasing an IP address, it is possible to end up with two physical devices with the same IP address
which may cause network disruption to that IP address.
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DHCP – Relay & Local IP - Setup
The Setup tab under the DHCP/Relay & Local IP category shows the current state of the relay agent.
By selecting the Modify button, you can configure general settings of the relay agent, as well as, configure
settings on a per port basis. The following describes these settings:
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DHCP – Relay & Local IP – Setup, Continued…
Relay Status
Indicates whether the DHCP relay agent is active.
Remote ID
The unique identifier that designates the relay agent switch.
Server # IP
The configured IP address of the DHCP servers.
Port No
The actual port number.
Port Name
The descriptive name of the port.
Relay Status
The selection to designate whether the port will perform relay agent functionality. The choices are:
Disabled
The port will function without relay agent processing.
Enabled
The port will relay DHCP client-originated broadcast packets to the DHCP servers.
Assign Local IP
The port will not relay DHCP client-originated broadcast packets. Instead the relay agent
will offer the port’s locally assigned IP address to the client.
Other Data
When the Relay Status is set to Enabled, the Circuit ID for the port can be specified. When the Relay Status is set to
Assign Local IP, the IP address for the port can be specified.
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DHCP – Relay & Local IP – Setup, Continued…
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LLDP - Configuration
Mode:
Enables or Disables LLDP on the Switch. Default: Disabled
Transmit Interval:
Specifies the interval at which LLDP frames are transmitted. Default = 30 seconds.
Transmit Hold Multiplier:
Specifies a multiplier on the Transmit Interval when calculating a Time-to-Live value. Default = 4.
Re-Initialization Delay:
Specifies a minimum time an LLDP port will wait before re-initializing after setting the port to disable followed by
setting a port to Tx-Only or Tx/Rx. This prevents excessive Notifications if someone toggles between Disabled and
Enabled on LLDP Port settings. Default = 2 Seconds.
Notification Interval
Specifies the interval between successive Notifications generated by the switch. If a port sends out a notification and
another port tries to send out a notification, the notification will not be sent until the interval expires.
Default = 5 Seconds.
Note: A redundant network topology will have one or more blocking ports to prevent looping and
broadcast storms. LLDP will not receive neighbor information into a blocked port, though the
LLDP information will be transmitted out of a blocked port. Therefore, the switch that has the
blocked port will not know about the neighbor on the other side of the blocked port, but the neighbor
will know about the switch that has the blocked port.
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LLDP - Ports
LLDP Ports View
Port Name
Descriptive name of the port on the local switch.
Transmit
Enables or Disables LLDP Transmission on the switch.
Receive
Enables or Disables Receiving of LLDP Frames from neighbor switches.
Allow Management Data
Allow the Transmission of Management type information. For example: IP Address of switch, Port Description, System
Name and Vlan information.
Allow Notifications
Notifications are transmitted when local or remote data changes.
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LLDP - Status
LLDP Ports Neighbor View
The Status View shows the results of LLDP discovery. The LLDP Ethernet frames received from neighboring ports are
composed of a collection of data units called TLVs. Each TLV contains a defined type of information such as the Chassis ID
described below, which contains the MAC address of the device sending the frame. The maximum number of neighbors displayed
per port is four.
Port Name
The name of the local port on which the neighbor information was received.
Neighbor MAC
MAC address of neighbor switch. Corresponds to the LLDP Chassis ID TLV.
Neighbor IP
IP address of neighbor switch. Corresponds to the LLDP Management Address TLV.
Neighbor Port Description
Description of the neighbor Port from which the LLDP frame was sent.
Neighbor System Name
The system's administratively assigned name on the neighbor switch.
Neighbor VLAN PVID
The Port VLAN identifier (PVID) associated with the neighbor port.
Neighbor VLAN ID/Name
A list of all VLAN's for which the neighbor port is a member.
Neighbor TTL
Indicates the number of seconds that the information associated with this neighbor will be valid. Time to Live (TTL)
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LLDP - Statistics
LLDP Local Port Statistics View
Port Name
Descriptive name of the port on the local switch.
Transmitted Frames
The total number of LLDP Frames sent out from the local switch.
Received Frames
Total number of LLDP frames received by the local switch.
Discarded Frames
The total number of frames discarded due to incorrect TLV's in frame.
Error Frames
Total count of all LLDP frames received with one or more detectable errors.
Neighbor Age Outs
Total count of the times that a neighbor's information has been deleted from the switch because the
Time to Live (TTL) has expired.
LLDP Port Status
Local Port setting (Receive-Rx/Transmit-Tx/Disable).
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Ports – Configuration
The Configuration tab under the Ports category will show a detailed overview of all the active ports on the
switch. The overview will display the following information:
Port Number
This is the port index.
Port Name
This field displays the name of the port. The designation of TX is for copper ports, FX is for fiber optic ports, and GB is
for the Gigabit ports (fiber or copper).
Admin Status
This configurable field displays the existing status of the port whether it is Enabled/Disabled.
Link Status
Current Link state of the port.
Auto Negotiation State
This configurable field displays the current auto-negotiation state whether it is Enabled/Disable.
Port Speed
This configurable field displays the speed of each port 10/100/1000 Mbps.
Duplex Mode
This configurable field displays the existing mode of the port whether it is Full Duplex/Half Duplex.
Crossover Mode
This configurable field displays the existing crossover mode of the port. This can be Yes, No, or Auto. Auto is the
default.
Flow Control State
This configurable field displays the existing flow control status of each port. When enabled, the individual port supports
half-duplex back pressure and full-duplex flow control. The default is Disabled.
RSTP State
The current RSTP status of a port. It may contain Disable/Discarding/Learning/Forwarding.
PVID
This configurable field displays the existing port VLAN ID setting. The allowable range is 1-4094.
Usage Alarm Low (%)
The bandwidth utilization percentage below which a fault will be triggered if enabled. For half duplex the bandwidth
utilization percentage is the sum of both RX and TX bandwidth utilization, and for full duplex this is the higher of TX or
RX bandwidth utilization. See Port Utilization View and Port Usage Fault on Fault Configuration View.
Usage Alarm High (%)
The bandwidth utilization percentage above which a fault will be triggered if enabled. For half duplex the bandwidth
utilization percentage is the sum of both RX and TX bandwidth utilization, and for full duplex this is the higher of TX or
RX bandwidth utilization. See Port Utilization View and Port Usage Fault on Fault Configuration View.
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Ports – Configuration, Continued…
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Ports – Configuration, Continued…
The User can click on the Port Number to configure each port individually. This will allow the user to
change the port’s settings for the following fields which are explained above:
Admin Status
Speed and Duplex
Cross Over
Flow Control
PVID
Usage Alarm Low
Usage Alarm High
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Ports – MAC Security – Learning
The Learning tab allows the administrator to control the learning or locking modes for the ports. ‘Locked’
is the secure mode. ‘Learning’ builds an internal list of authorized MAC addresses based on an approved
LAN. When the current mode is ‘Learning’, no ports are secured.
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Ports – MAC Security – Learning Continued…
In ‘Locked’ mode, ‘Secured Ports’ shows the ports that are presently secured. Note: when N-Ring and/or
N-Link are used, the N-Ring/N-Link ports will not have MAC Security enabled.
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Ports – MAC Security – Learning Continued…
The Modify button allows the administrator to change the current mode and select the ports to be secured.
When transitioning from ‘Learning’ to ‘Locked’, the Address Resolution Logic (ARL) table represents the
authorized MAC addresses, with the addition of any manually entered addresses (refer to Authorization List
section below). Transitioning from ‘Locked’ to ‘Learning’, clears the ARL for all ports.
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Ports – MAC Security – Authorization List
The Authorization List tab allows for manual entry or deletion of authorized MAC source addresses with
associated authorized ports.
Selecting Modify displays the MAC Authorization Configuration page, which allows the administrator to
add new entries, delete existing entries, or edit authorized ports of existing entries.
Selecting Delete removes the associated entry. Selecting Add displays the MAC Authorization Entry page,
showing default values for the administrator to modify (see below). When an entry number hyperlink is
selected, this same page is displayed except it shows the associated MAC address and authorized ports.
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Ports – MAC Security – Intruder Log
The Intruder Log tab displays a list of unauthorized MAC addresses that attempted to access the secured
device. Each intruder entry in the log is unique, and is based on the combination of MAC address, VLAN,
and port. Only the first occurrence of the intruder is listed. The log is ordered by most recent first, based on
the system time. The maximum number of entries is 100. If more than 100 intruders are detected, the
oldest entries are deleted. The log is not saved through a power cycle.
An entry can be individually removed from the log by selecting the associated Delete button. All entries or
entries specific to a port can also be removed from the log by choosing the option in the dropdown list and
then selecting the Clear button.
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Ports – Mirroring
A mirroring port is a dedicated port that is configured to receive the copies of Ethernet frames that are being
transmitted out and also being received in from any other port that is being monitored.
The Mirroring tab under the Ports category displays the status including the list of Source Ports and the
Destination Port that the Sources are being mirrored to.
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Ports – Mirroring, Continued…
Following the Modify button, you can enable the status of port mirroring and select source ports and the
destination port that the source ports will be mirrored to.
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Ports – Trunking
The Trunking tab under the Ports category displays the following details:
Trunk Ports
This field displays the ports associated with the trunk.
Trunk Status
This configurable field displays the existing status of the trunk. It can be either Enabled/Disabled.
By selecting the Modify button, you can select a trunk group.
Note: RSTP must be disabled in order to use the Trunking feature.
Two ports of the same speed can constitute a valid trunk.
Only 1 Trunk per switch can be created.
All trunk ports must be at the same speed and duplex mode. If a port is not linked, there could be
difficulty as to similar speed and duplex mode. It is best to hard code speed and duplex mode for
each trunking link, at both ends.
Do not use Trunking on an N-Ring manager. Do not connect the N-Ring to actively Trunking ports
on an Auto Member.
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Ports – QOS
The QOS decision tree chooses the highest priority Transmit Queue (TQ) of the following criteria:
Force High Priority (Port Based) TQ mapping, IEEE 8021.p TQ mapping, or DSCP TQ mapping.
The QOS tab under the Ports category displays the following details:
Port Number
This is the port index.
Port Name
This field displays the name of the port.
Include DSCP
This field displays the status of whether or not to include the RFC 2474 DSCP TOS (Type of Service) in the TQ
decision. When enabled, the DSCP TOS is included when evaluating traffic priority.
Include 802.1p
This field displays the status of whether or not to include the IEEE 802.1p COS (Class of Service) in the TQ decision.
When enabled, the IEEE 802.1p COS is included when evaluating traffic priority.
Force High Priority
This field displays the Force High Priority status. When enabled, the port based priority is included in the TQ decision
for all ports and all frames received on a port will use the default QOS priority for that port in the TQ decision.
Port Priority
This field displays the default QOS priority for that port. This is the IEEE 802.1p COS (Class of Service) assigned to all
untagged ingress frames, or all ingress frames if Force High Priority is enabled. The range is 0-7.
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Ports – QOS, Continued…
Following the Modify button, the administrator can independently configure the ports for different QOS
functionality. Once these fields are filled in to meet the needs of the administrator’s network, the changes
may be updated by clicking the Update button at the bottom of the page.
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Statistics – Port Statistics
The Ports Statistics tab under the Statistics category displays a list of MIB parameters. Each port has a
separate counter for each parameter. This gives users the ability to see what kind of packets are going over
which ports. At the bottom of the page for each port there are three buttons. Refresh will update the
statistics for that port number. Clear will reset all the counters for that port number. Clear All Ports will
reset all the counters for all ports.
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Statistics – Port Utilization
The Ports Utilization tab under the Statistics category shows all the ports on the switch and will display a
bar graph showing the percentage of bandwidth being used. These figures and bars are for a general feeling
of what the bandwidth usage is. N-Tron recommends the use of N-View in order to get a precise bandwidth
usage figure.
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VLAN – Configuration
Replace VID Tag with Default Port VID
Specifies whether or not to replace the incoming VID tag with the port's designated VID.
Perform Ingress Filtering
Specifies whether or not to filter out ingress frames when a VID violation is detected.
Discard Non-Tagged for Ports
Specifies whether or not non-tagged ingress frames are dropped by the selected ports.
Remove Ports from Default VLAN when Added to Other VLAN
Specifies whether or not to remove ports from Default VLAN when they are added to another VLAN.
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Note that for convenience in most frequent use:
 Ports are deleted from group1 as each port is added to another group.
 Ports are added to group1 if a deletion leaves a port with no group.
 If it is desired to have a port on group1 and also on other group(s) configure group1 last to achieve that.
Note: RSTP on overlapping VLANs is not supported and the system will automatically disable RSTP on all
but the lowest VID VLANs that have overlapping ports.
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VLAN – Group Configuration
VLAN ID
This field displays the VLAN ID. The range should be 1-4094.
VLAN Name
This configurable field displays the name of the VLAN, which accepts alphanumeric and special characters (#, _, -, .)
only.
Allow Management
Specifies whether or not all ports in this VLAN are management ports.
Change PVID of Member Ports
Specifies whether or not the PVID of the member ports is set to this VLAN ID.
Port No
This is the port index.
Port Name
Descriptive name of the port
Group Member
Specifies whether or not the port is included in the group.
Untag on Egress
Specifies whether or not egress frames are tagged by the designated port.
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Bridging – Aging Time
The Aging Time tab under the Bridging category will display the currently configured Aging Time. This
page allows users to modify this variable to meet their needs.
After selecting the Modify button, the user will be presented with a page that allows the number to be
entered and updated. The default aging time is 20 seconds.
Note: If the switch is an active participant of an N-Ring, then the N-Ring Aging Time will be used instead
of the Bridging Aging Time.
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Bridging – Unicast Addresses
The Unicast Addresses tab under the Bridging category will display a list of MAC addresses that are
associated with each respective port number. This can be used to statically assign a MAC address access to
a single port on the switch.
Following the Add button on the page above, the administrator must enter a valid MAC address and
associate it with a port number on the switch. Once the administrator hits the Add button, the changes will
take effect instantly.
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Bridging – Unicast Addresses, Continued…
Once a static MAC address has been added, it will be displayed in a list on the main page under Unicast
MACs tab.
Following the Remove button on the example above, an administrator can select a static MAC address from
the list using a pull-down menu. After selecting the MAC address, the administrator needs to press the
Remove button on the page to remove the entry
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Bridging – Multicast Addresses
The Multicast Addresses tab under the Bridging category will display a list of Multicast Group Addresses
that are associated with respective port numbers. This may be used to statically assign a Multicast Group
Address access to a group of ports on the switch.
Following the Add button on the page above, the administrator must enter a valid Multicast Group Address
and associate it with a port number or list on the switch. Once the administrator clicks on the Add button,
the changes will take effect instantly.
Note: If there are multiple ports on different VLANs, the 7026 will apply the static multicast address to the
lowest VLAN-ID that is associated with one of the ports assigned to the static multicast address. So
if the lowest VLAN-ID contains all the ports assigned to the static multicast address (an umbrella
VLAN), it will function for all those ports with no problems. This can be achieved with overlapping
VLANs.
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Bridging – Multicast Addresses Continued…
After adding a Multicast Group Address, it will appear on the main list and will show the associated ports
that go along with that address.
Following the Remove button on the example above, the administrator will be presented with a list of
Multicast Group Addresses that are configured on the switch. Using the pull-down menu, the administrator
should select the desired address to be removed. Then click on the Remove button at the bottom of the
page.
Note: If there are multiple ports on different VLANs, the 7026 will apply the static multicast address to the
lowest VLAN-ID that is associated with one of the ports assigned to the static multicast address. So
if the lowest VLAN-ID contains all the ports assigned to the static multicast address (an umbrella
VLAN), it will function for all those ports with no problems. This can be achieved with overlapping
VLANs.
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Bridging – Show MAC by Port
This feature shows the MAC addresses of devices connected to each switch port and the IP Addresses
associated with the MACs. The browser page ‘View MAC by Port’ shows the MAC for the device found
on each port, and the IP for the MAC presented if available. If more than one device is on that port, then the
lowest alphanumeric of those MAC addresses is shown and underlined.
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Bridging – Show MAC by Port Continued…
The ‘Active IP Probe’ field is configurable using the ‘Modify’ button, and also displays the existing
Enabled or Disabled status of this feature. The default is disabled. When disabled the switch generates no
Ethernet traffic for this purpose, but can still present some information gathered passively.
The ‘IP’ field shows an Auto-detected or manually entered IP address. If there is a MAC address for the port
and an IP address was not discovered there is an ‘Assign IP’ button to allow the user to enter an IP address.
If ‘Active IP Probe’ is enabled, manually entered IP values are underlined and validated. A validated IP for
that MAC is presented in green and if validation fails the IP will be red and underlined. Note that some
devices do not have an IP Address, and that some devices that do have an IP Address may not respond to the
methods used to detect their IP Address.
Invoking the ‘Assign IP’ button on the example above, the administrator will be presented with a form in
which to enter a manually assigned IP, as below:
When an IP has been manually entered a button is provided to ‘Delete IP’, and invoking it will allow the
administrator to delete the manual association of an IP to that MAC.
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RSTP – Configuration
The Configuration tab under the RSTP category will display the RSTP information for the first VLAN.
Using the pull-down menu at the top of the page an administrator can choose which VLAN to configure
RSTP on. Once the VLAN is selected, the administrator may configure the bridge by clicking on the
‘Configuration’ link in the middle of the page.
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RSTP – Configuration Continued…
The configuration screen for the VLAN that was previously selected will look like the example below. Here
the administrator can make changes such as the Hello Time, Forward Delay, Max Age, Priority, and the
Status of RSTP on that VLAN. The administrator or user can see the current RSTP status of the ports on
that VLAN by clicking on the ‘here’ link to view RSTP Port Configuration at VLAN#.
Note: It is recommended that RSTP rings consist of RSTP capable switches.
Trunking must be disabled in order to use RSTP.
Do not create redundant links unless either RSTP or N-Ring is enabled.
RSTP on overlapping VLANs is not supported and the system will automatically disable RSTP on all
but the lowest VID VLANs that have overlapping ports.
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RSTP – Configuration Continued…
Following the link for the view RSTP Port Configuration at VLAN#, the administrator or user can see the
current RSTP status of the ports on that VLAN. This will show information such as the Path Cost and the
Port State. If the switch sees a redundant path it will put the port with the highest Path Cost into Blocking
mode where it will discard packets coming in on that port. In the example below, P3 is a redundant port with
port P2, therefore P2 is forwarding and P3 is discarding.
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RSTP – Configuration Continued…
If the administrator selects one of the ports on the previous screen, he or she can change the Port’s Path
Cost, Priority, and the status of Admin Edge and Auto Edge.
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IGMP – Configuration
The Configuration tab under the IGMP category will display the IGMP basic configuration settings. By default,
IGMP is enabled.
Following the Modify button, the administrator will see a list of configurable fields for the IGMP configuration. Once
these fields are filled in to meet the needs of the administrator’s network, the changes may be updated by clicking the
Update button at the bottom of the page.
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IGMP – Configuration, Continued…
The IGMP Status pull-down allows the user to enable or disable IGMP completely.
The Query Mode pull-down allows the user to set query mode for Automatic (the default), On (always), or
Off (never):
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IGMP – Configuration, Continued…
The Router Mode pull-down allows the user to choose router mode. ‘Auto’ allows for dynamically detected
and manually set router ports. ‘Manual’ allows only for manually set router ports. ‘None’ allows no router
ports.
The user can specify the manual router ports:
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IGMP – Configuration, Continued…
If Remove Unused Groups is checked then unused IGMP Groups will be removed and traffic with those
multicast addresses will be treated as normal multicast. If unchecked, then unused IGMP Groups are not
removed and traffic with those multicast addresses will be limited. The default is checked. Note that IGMP
Groups are not retained through a power cycle.
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IGMP – Show Group and Show Router
The Show Groups tab under the IGMP category will display a list of IGMP groups based on the Group IP
and the port number that it is associated with.
The Show Routers tab under the IGMP category will display a list of Auto-detected Router IPs and the port
numbers that they are associated with.
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IGMP – RFilter
The ‘rfilter’ (Router Multicast Data Filter) function allows you to choose whether or not DATA frames
with KNOWN group multicast addresses are sent to the ‘router’ ports (links to other switches). Control
packets (Join, Leave) will be sent to the router(s) regardless of this setting. “KNOWN” is known from
dynamic IGMP Snooping operations.
The factory default is that the Router Multicast Data Filter is enabled for all ports, so any router ports do
NOT get DATA frames with KNOWN multicast destination addresses unless a join to a specific multicast
address has been received on that port. Joins override an rfilter.
If rfilter is disabled, router ports do get DATA frames with KNOWN multicast destination addresses
Rfilter can be set for individual ports: any, all, or none. For each port, rfilter will have an impact only if that
port is manually or dynamically chosen as a router port.
Default configuration:
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IGMP – RFilter, Continued…
Modifying rfilter port settings:
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N-View – Configuration
The Configuration tab under the N-View category will display two basic variables for N-View, the status
and the interval between packets.
Following the Modify button on the above example, the administrator can modify the variable to change the
frequency with which N-View reports information. Increasing the interval will slow the update rate.
Decreasing the interval will allow N-View to report more frequently. Additionally, you may Disable or
Enable N-View altogether.
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N-View – Ports
The Ports tab under the N-View category will display a list of all the configured ports on the 7026 unit along
with the ports transmitting multicast packets and MIB stats respectively.
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N-View – Ports, Continued…
Following the Modify button on the above example, the administrator can modify these two variables to
enable or disable multicast out of the port and if MIB stats are sent out for those ports.
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N-Ring – Configuration – Mode
The Mode tab will display the N-Ring basic configuration settings. By default, N-Ring is in Auto Member
mode and the N-Ring Aging Time is 20 seconds.
Following the Modify button on the above example, the administrator will see a list of configurable fields
for the N-Ring configuration, as below.
The N-Ring Aging Time has a default of 20 seconds and is separate from the Bridging Aging Time. N-Ring
Aging Time is used when the switch is an N-Ring Manager, N-Ring Multi-Member, or becomes an active
N-Ring Member, and in any case N-Ring status includes for example:
“Switch is currently using N-Ring Aging Time = 20 Seconds”
Once these fields are filled in to meet the needs of the administrator’s network, the changes may be saved by
clicking the Update button at the bottom of the page.
NOTES:
1. N-Ring Manager cannot have RSTP or Trunking enabled.
2. RSTP & N-Ring are different modes and cannot share links or segments along those lines.
See the examples in the RSTP configuration section.
3. Do not use Trunking on an N-Ring manager. Do not connect the N-Ring to actively Trunking
ports on an Auto Member.
4. Do not create redundant links unless either RSTP or N-Ring is enabled.
5. Any one 7026 can only participate in one N-Ring.
6. N-Ring copper ports must be run at 100Mb full duplex, including the default ‘autonegotiate’ as
long as all switches in the ring support 100Mb full duplex.
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N-Ring – Configuration – Mode, Continued…
The “N-Ring Mode” is one of three, as below:
If N-Ring Mode is “Manager”, then a pull-down allows selection of available ports P1/P2, P23/P24, and
P25/P26 as N-Ring ports.
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N-Ring – Configuration – Mode, Continued…
If N-Ring Mode is “Manager”, then VLAN ID can be set to a unique VLAN id (1 ~ 4094). Default is 3333.
If N-Ring Mode is “Manager”, then a pull-down allows selection as to whether the N-Ring ports are
members of the VLAN’s Tagged or Untagged ports. Default is Tagged.
Once these fields are filled in to meet the needs of the administrator’s network, the changes may be saved by
clicking the Update button at the bottom of the page.
NOTES:
1. Since VLANs are implemented for security reasons as well as traffic flow, N-Ring only makes
minimal changes. It is up to the administrator to ensure that VLANs are configured correctly on the
N-Ring manager and all N-Ring members.
2. When the N-Ring manager and all N-Ring Members are in defaults, changing the N-Ring manager
to use a Tagged VLAN requires no user interaction to allow non-ring traffic to pass through the ring.
This works because changing to a Tagged VLAN does not remove the ring ports from the default
VLAN.
3. When the N-Ring manager and all N-Ring Members are in defaults, changing the N-Ring manager
to use an Untagged VLAN other than VID 1, requires the administrator to add non-ring ports to the
N-Ring VLAN to allow non-ring traffic to pass through the ring. This occurs because the N-Ring
ports must be removed from VID 1 because an untagged port may only be a member of one VLAN.
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N-Ring – Configuration – Advanced
If switch is an N-Ring Member, the following data will be shown:
N-Ring Mode
Current N-Ring mode of switch.
Keep-Alive Timeout:
Keep-Alive timeout is used when switch is active in an N-Ring. The range is 5-1000000 seconds.
If switch is an N-Ring Manager, the following advanced configuration data will be shown:
N-Ring Mode
Current N-Ring mode of switch.
Self Health Packet Interval:
The amount of time to wait in milliseconds before sending Self-Health packets. The default is 10.
Maximum Missed Packets
The number of missed Self-Health packets that constitute a fault. The default is 2.
Sign-On Delay
The amount of time to wait in milliseconds before requesting initial sign-on information from ring members. The default
is 1000.
Sign-On Match Packets
The number of times the switch count must match before starting the sign-on process. The default is 3.
Sign-On Interval
The interval of time to wait in milliseconds before requesting subsequent sign-on information from ring members when
the ring is broken. The default is 3000.
Sign-On Info Spacing Multiplier
The amount of time to wait in milliseconds, scaled by switch number, before sending information to the ring manager.
The default is 5.
Sign-On Info Retry Timeout
The amount of time the ring member will wait in milliseconds for the ring manager to acknowledge receipt of the
member's information before the member tries to re-send the information. The default is 1500.
Delay Before Re-Entering Broken State
The amount of time, in milliseconds, that must elapse before the ring is allowed to go back into the broken state. The
default is 3000.
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N-Ring – Advanced Configuration, Continued…
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N-Ring – Status
The Status tab under the N-Ring category will display the N-Ring status.
Below is an example of N-Ring Status from a switch in defaults (N-Ring Auto Member) that is not an
N-Ring Manager and has not become an “Active” N-Ring Member:
Below is an example of N-Ring Status from an “Active” N-Ring Member:
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N-Ring – Status, Continued…
Below is an example of N-Ring Status from an N-Ring Manager with a healthy N-Ring:
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N-Ring – Status, Continued…
Below is an example of N-Ring Status from an N-Ring Manager with a faulted N-Ring. The red fields on
the N-Ring Map show problems. Ports that are red indicate that the port is not linked. MAC addresses that
are red indicate that there is no communication to that switch. The red “Ring Broken” line shows where the
N-Ring is broken.
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N-Ring – Status, Continued…
In rare cases an N-Ring can have a “Partial Fault”. An example of this is to have a break in just one fiber in
a duplex channel fiber pair. The screenshot below shows N-Ring Manager Status when a ‘Higher’ N-Ring
Port (TX2, TX8/FX2, ir GB2) is not receiving self health frames all the way around the N-Ring, though the
other (low TX1, TX7/FX1, or GB1) N-Ring port is:
The screenshot below shows N-Ring Manager Status when a ‘Lower’ N-Ring Port (TX1, TX7/FX1, or
GB1) is not receiving self health frames all the way around the N-Ring, though the other (high TX2 ,
TX8/FX2, or GB2) N-Ring port is:
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N-Link – Configuration
The purpose of N-Link is to provide a way to redundantly couple an N-Ring topology to one or more other
topologies, usually other N-Ring topologies. Each N-Link configuration requires 4 switches: N-Link
Master, N-Link Slave, N-Link Primary Coupler, and N-Link Standby Coupler.
Standard N-Link Configuration (Example):
N-Ring
Auto
Member
N-Ring
Auto
Member
N-Rng
Manager
N-Ring #1
Control Port
Default: TX3
Control Port
(Auto-Detected)
Control
Link
N-Link Master
N-Ring Member
Coupler Port
(Default: TX4)
Partner Link
(N-Ring Segment)
Partner Port
(Auto-Detcted)
N-Link Slave
N-Ring Member
Coupler Port
(Default: TX4)
Partner Port
(Auto-Detcted)
Primary
Coupler
Link
Standby
Coupler
Link
Coupler Port
(Auto-Detected)
Coupler Port
(Auto-Detected)
N-Link Couper
N-Ring Member
N-Ring
Auto
Member
N-Link Coupler
N-Ring Member
N-Ring #2
N-Ring
Auto
Member
N-Rng
Manager
For convenience, a diagram similar to the above is provided in the switch’s browser help for N-Link.
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N-Link – Configuration, Continued…
Complex N-Link Configuration (Example):
N-Ring
Auto
Member
N-Ring
Auto
Member
N-Rng
Manager
N-Ring #1
Control
Link #1
N-Ring AM
N-Link Master
#1
Control
Link #2
N-Ring AM
N-Link Slave
#1
N-Ring AM
N-Link Master
#2
Primary
Coupler
Link #1
Standby
Coupler
Link #1
N-Link AC
N-Ring AM
N-Link AC
N-Ring AM
Partner
Link #1
N-Ring #2
N-Ring
Auto
Member
N-Rng
Manager
Control
Link #3
N-Ring AM
N-Link Slave
#2
N-Ring AM
N-Link Master
#3
Primary
Coupler
Link #2
Standby
Coupler
Link #2
Primary
Coupler
Link #3
Standby
Coupler
Link #3
N-Link AC
N-Ring AM
N-Link AC
N-Ring AM
N-Link AC
N-Ring AM
N-Link AC
N-Ring AM
Partner
Link #2
N-Ring #3
N-Ring
Auto
Member
N-Ring
Auto
Member
N-Rng
Manager
Partner
Link#3
N-Ring AM
N-Link Slave
#3
N-Ring #4
N-Ring
Auto
Member
N-Ring
Auto
Member
N-Rng
Manager
N-Ring
Auto
Member
Configuration Notes:
 The Master and Slave must be part of the N-Ring topology.
 If using default configuration choices, the administrator only needs to configure the N-Link Master.
The N-Link Slave and both Coupler switches will auto-detect any needed configuration.
 If not using default configuration choices, the administrator may also need to configure the Default
Coupler port on the N-Link Slave.
 There must be a direct link between the Master and Slave Control ports. Use of media converters or
other switches is not supported.
 There must be a direct link between the Master and Slave Partner ports. Use of media converters or
other switches is not supported.
 There must be at least one other switch, besides the Master and Slave, that supports N-Link on the
N-Ring.
 N-Link will only support a single point of failure. Multiple points of failure and misconfiguration
are not supported and may cause a network storm under some circumstances.
Configuration Steps to redundantly couple 2 N-Ring networks:
1. Ensure the Coupler and Control cables are disconnected at this point.
2. Get Both N-Rings working with a status of OK.
3. Configure N-Link Slave: Ensure that the N-Link Slave is set to Auto Configure and select a Default
Coupler Port. Save Configuration.
4. Configure N-Link Master: Select the Control and Coupler ports. Save the Configuration.
5. Connect the Control Link cable. Ensure that the Slave switch status now shows a state of “Slave”
6. Connect the Coupler Link cables.
7. Check N-Link status by selecting the N-Link Status View page.
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N-Link – Configuration, Continued…
The Configuration tab under the N-Link category will display the configuration settings. By default, NLink is in Auto Configure mode and will use P4 as the Default Coupler port.
Following the Modify button on the above example, the administrator will see a list of configurable fields
for the N-Link configuration, as below.
The port configured as the Default Coupler Port will be used as the Standby Coupler port if the switch
detects an N-Link Master and becomes an N-Link Slave.
Once these fields are filled in to meet the needs of the administrator’s network, the changes may be saved by
clicking the Update button at the bottom of the page.
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N-Link – Configuration, Continued…
The “N-Link Mode” is one of two choices, as below:
If N-Link mode is “Master”, then the administrator must configure the Control Port (default: P3) and the
Primary Coupler Port (default: P4).
Once these fields are filled in to meet the needs of the administrator’s network, the changes may be saved by
clicking the Update button at the bottom of the page.
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N-Link – Status
The Status tab under the N-Link category will display the N-Link status.
If the switch is an N-Link Master or Slave, the following switch status and partner status information will be
shown. Fields with a red background designate a fault condition.
Current N-Link mode of switch.
State:
The port being used to convey control information. There must be a
Control Port:
direct link between the Master and Slave Control ports. Use of media
converters or other switches is not supported.
The port being used for normal communication between the N-Link
Partner Port:
Master and N-Link Slave switch. There must be a direct link between
the Master and Slave Partner ports. Use of media converters or other
switches is not supported. This port will be detected automatically.
The port being used to establish a redundant path for ethernet data
Coupler Port:
transmission.
Coupler Port State: Blocking, Forwarding.
No errors will show "OK", otherwise a description of the Faults
Status:
detected.
N-Link Partner Information
Current N-Link mode of switch.
State:
The MAC Address of the N-Link Partner switch.
MAC:
Coupler Port State: Blocking, Forwarding.
No errors will show "OK", otherwise a description of the Faults
Status:
detected.
If switch is an N-Link Auto Configure and not a Slave, the Coupler port, if known, will be shown.
Current N-Link mode of switch.
N-Link State:
The port used to establish a redundant path for ethernet data
Coupler Port:
transmission. This port will be detected automatically.
Below is an example of N-Link Status from a switch in defaults (N-Link Auto Configure) that is not an
N-Link Master and has not become an N-Link Slave or an N-Link Coupler:
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N-Link – Status, Continued…
Below is an example of N-Link Status from an N-Link Coupler switch:
Below is an example of N-Link Status from an N-Link Master switch:
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N-Link – Status, Continued…
Below is an example of N-Link Status from an N-Link Slave switch:
Below is an example of N-Link Status from an N-Link Master and Slave where the Primary Coupler link is
broken:
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N-Link – Status, Continued…
Below is an example of N-Link Status from an N-Link Master and Slave where the Standby Coupler link is
broken:
Below is an example of N-Link Status from an N-Link Master and Slave where the Control link is broken:
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N-Link – Status, Continued…
Below is an example of N-Link Status from an N-Link Master and Slave where the Partner link is broken:
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CIP - Configuration
The Configuration tab under the CIP category will display basic variables for CIP, and the status:
Cip Status:
Enables or Disables CIP on the Switch. Default: Enabled.
Multicast RPI:
The minimum Requested Packet Interval for Class 1 (multicast) connections, in milliseconds.
Requests for less than this value will be rejected. Default = 1 second.
Unicast RPI:
The minimum Requested Packet Interval for Class 3 (unicast) connections, in milliseconds.
Requests for less than this value will be rejected. Default = 1 second.
Following the Modify button on the above example, the administrator can modify the variables.
Additionally, you may Disable or Enable CIP altogether.
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CIP – Status
The Status tab under the CIP category will display the CIP status.
The following switch status and partner status information will be shown:
Identity Information:
Product Name: Switch Model Number.
Vendor: This is N-Tron's ODVA EtherNet/IP Vendor ID (1006).
Device Type: The ODVA Device Type is Communications Adapter (= 0x0C hex).
Major Revision: The Major Revision of the CIP implementation.
Minor Revision: The Minor Revision of the CIP implementation.
Serial Number (hex): CIP Serial number, unique across all N-Tron CIP devices. This is the
last 4 octets of the base switch MAC.
Connection Information:
Number of Multicast
Current number of CIP Ethernet/IP class 1 (multicast) connections.
Connections:
Number of Unicast
Current number of CIP Ethernet/IP class 3 (unicast) connections.
Connections:
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Firmware/Config – TFTP
The TFTP tab under the Firmware/Config category gives the administrator the ability to upload or download
a config file for a 7026 Series switch. This allows administrators to backup their configurations to a server
offsite in case they need to reload their custom configurations at a later time. Administrators can also
download an Image or Boot Image file to the switch via TFTP, allowing them to update the firmware in the
field without losing their current configurations and without having to send the unit back to N-Tron for
updates in the future. It is important not to cycle power on the switch or interrupt the data connection
between the TFTP server and the switch while you are flashing or uploading/downloading a config file. The
switch will not stop working if this does occur, but the administrator will have to retransfer the file. Also, an
XML file can be downloaded to a switch to achieve some switch configurations. XML settings cover a
subset of the settings available through the web browser. Reference Appendix A. XML Settings File
Example for the complete set of configurations that can be done using XML Settings Download.
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Support – Web Site and E-mail
If at any point in time you get confused or would like additional support directly from N-Tron, you may
visit N-Tron’s web site, or e-mail N-Tron directly with the links provided for more information.
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Rate Limiting – Broadcast Rate Limit Configuration
The Rate Limiting/Broadcast link will display all the ports that are installed in the 7026 Series unit and will
list the Broadcast Pass Rate Percentage for each port. Broadcast Pass Rate Percentage defaults to 3% on
10/100Mbs ports and 1% on 1000Mbs ports. A Modify button is provided to change these fields.
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Following the Modify button on the above example, the administrator can modify the Broadcast Pass Rate
Percentage for each and every port.
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Rate Limiting – Multicast Rate Limit Configuration
The Rate Limiting/Multicast link will display all the ports that are installed in the 7026 Series unit and will
list the Multicast Pass Rate Percentage for each port. Multicast Pass Rate Percentage defaults to 100% on
all ports. A Modify button is provided to change these fields.
Note: Unicast packets with destinations not in the ARL table will also be rate limited rather than all being
Flooded.
Following the Modify button on the above example, the administrator can modify the Multicast Pass Rate
Percentage for each and every port.
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User Management – Adding Users
The User Management link will display a list of all the users who have access to the management features of
the switch and their access permissions.
Following the Add button on the above example, the administrator can add another user and assign the user
a username, a password, and the user’s permissions (user/administrator).
A page should display after the administrator clicks the Add button indicating that the user was successfully
added.
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User Management – Removing Users
In order to remove a user, simply click on the Remove button at the bottom of the page.
Following the Remove button on the above example, the administrator can remove a user by entering in the
user’s name and clicking the Remove button.
A page should follow indicating that the user was successfully removed from the list.
Note: There are a maximum number of 5 users per switch. User permissions have the right to view switch
configurations and to view current port settings, but cannot make any changes to these settings.
Admin permissions have the right to change and view any switch configuration and to change and
view any current port settings.
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LogicalView
The 7026 Web Management offers a logical view of the switch. Here a user or administrator can see a
graphical depiction of the 7026 series switch. Ports that are linked will appear in green, while ports that are
not linked will appear in black. The example below shows a 7026FX2 with ports 1, 2, and 8 linked. The
other ports are currently in the down state (not being used). Also, the logical view reveals whether the
configuration device (SD card) is installed or not.
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Configuration – Save or Reset
The Configuration section of web management gives an administrator the ability to save a running
configuration into the NVRAM. This step is needed in order for the switch to remember any changes after a
power cycle.
The “Save” button will save all current changes to the configuration for use after the next power cycle.
The “Reset” button will discard all unsaved changes, reset the switch and load the most recently saved
configuration settings.
The “Factory” button will reload N-Tron’s factory default configuration settings. Doing so will reconfigure
the 7026 Series switch to factory defaults. In many cases it is desirable to restore factory defaults but retain
certain settings. Checkboxes are provided to select the desired behavior. Note that if no Configuration
Device is present, that is presented.
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If a Configuration Device is present, that is presented:
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Help – Overview
When the Help link is clicked on, you will see the Overview page that will have some basic definitions and
more specific choices at the top of the screen. Although this page is not as detailed as the manual, it gives
you a basic feel for different features the 7026 offers.
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Help – Administration
Following the Administration link on the help page, the administrator or user can see some information
regarding the configuration options in the Administration category on the left side of the web management.
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Help – DHCP
Following the DHCP link on the help page, the administrator or user can see some information regarding the
configuration options under the DHCP categories on the left side of the web management.
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Help – LLDP
Following the LLDP link on the help page, the administrator or user can see some information regarding the
configuration options in the LLDP category on the left side of the web management.
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Help – Ports
Following the Ports link on the help page, the administrator or user can see some information regarding the
configuration options in the Ports category on the left side of the web management.
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Help – Statistics
Following the Statistics link on the help page, the administrator or user can see some information regarding
the configuration options in the Statistics category on the left side of the web management.
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Help – VLAN
Following the VLAN link on the help page, the administrator or user can see some information regarding
the configuration options in the VLAN category on the left side of the web management.
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Help – Bridging
Following the Bridging link on the help page, the administrator or user can see some information regarding
the configuration options in the Bridging category on the left side of the web management.
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Help – RSTP
Following the RSTP link on the help page, the administrator or user can see some information regarding the
configuration options in the RSTP category on the left side of the web management.
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Help – IGMP
Following the IGMP link on the help page, the administrator or user can see some information regarding the
configuration options in the IGMP category on the left side of the web management.
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Help – N-View
Following the N-View link on the help page, the administrator or user can see some information regarding
the configuration options in the N-View category on the left side of the web management.
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Help – N-Ring
Following the N-Ring link on the help page, the administrator or user can see some information regarding
the configuration options in the N-Ring category on the left side of the web management.
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Help – N-Link
Following the N-Link link on the help page, the administrator or user can see some information regarding
the configuration options in the N-Link category on the left side of the web management.
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Help – CIP
Following the CIP link on the help page, the administrator or user can see some information regarding the
configuration options in the CIP category on the left side of the web management.
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Help – Firmware/Config
Following the Firmware/Config link on the help page, the administrator or user can see some information
regarding the configuration options in the Firmware/Config category on the left side of the web
management.
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Help – Rate Limiting
Following the BPCL link on the help page, the administrator or user can see some information regarding the
configuration options in the BPCL category on the left side of the web management.
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Help – User Management
Following the User Management link on the help page, the administrator or user can see some information
regarding the configuration options in the User Management category on the left side of the web
management.
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Help – Other
Following the Other link on the help page, the administrator or user can see some information regarding
other links or categories on the left hand side of the web manager, as above.
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CLI Commands
“?” (Help)
Command Name
Description
“?”
Show a list of all commands or get help on a specific command.
Without cmd, this command will list all the available commands.
If cmd is specified and if it matches a specific command, the usage of the command will
be displayed; otherwise, if cmd matches the prefix of a command, the name of the
command will be listed.
If ? is preceded by another ?, the usage and description of this command will be
displayed.
Syntax
Parameters
Examples
? [cmd]
cmd
The command for which to get help.
N-TRON/Admin> ?
The above command displays all the available commands.
N-TRON/Admin> abcd ?
Unknown Command: "abcd"
Type "?" for a list of available commands.
N-TRON/Admin> logout ?
Logout
Log out of console interface.
SYNTAX:
Logout
N-TRON/Admin> ? pi
Ping
Ping a host.
…
N-TRON/Admin> ? ?
?
Show a list of all commands or get help on a specific
command.
SYNTAX:
? [cmd]
OPTIONS:
cmd : The command for which to get help.
NOTES
Logout
Command Name
Description
Syntax
Parameters
Examples
NOTES
(Revised 2015-09-28)
Logout
Log out of console interface
Logout
None
N-TRON/Admin> logout
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CLI Commands, Continued…
Show, Add, or Delete ARL Entries
Command Name
Arl
Description
Show, Add, or Delete Arl Entries.
Syntax
arl show | showmct | add mac port cpu static vid | del[ete] mac vid
Parameters
Show
Show entire ARL table.
showmct
Show entire ARL MCT (Multicast Index) table.
delete
Delete MAC address.
add
Add MAC address.
mac
MAC Address.
port
Port Number.
cpu
1 = Send to CPU also.
static
1 = This is a static address; 0 = Non-Static.
vid
VLAN ID (0-4095)
N-TRON/Admin> arl show
Example
No. Val Age Pri Mod Usr Sta VLAN
MAC
Port(s)
---- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---- ----------------- ---------1
1
1
0
0
0
1
1 00:07:af:ff:b8:00 CPU
2
1
0
0
0
0
0
1 00:19:b9:03:aa:77 TX3
N-TRON/Admin> arl showmct
No. Idx Val Port Mask Port(s)
--- --- --- ---------- ---------1
0
1 0x00000000 (None)
2
1
1 0x00000001 TX1
N-TRON/Admin> arl add 00:19:b9:03:aa:79 3 0 1 1
N-TRON/Admin> arl del 00:19:b9:03:aa:79 1
Notes
(Revised 2015-09-28)
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CLI Commands, Continued…
Configuration Device Operations
Command Name
cfgdev
Description
Info, Format, Compare and Erase Configuration Device.
Syntax
CfgDev info | format [-m model] | compare | erase
Parameters
Info
Show information about the configuration device.
Format
Format the configuration device to factory default.
-m model
Configuration device model number. Valid values are:
1=At32K, 2=At64K, and 3=card.
Compare
Compare the configuration of the switch to the configuration device.
Erase
Erase the switch configuration on the configuration device.
Example
N-TRON/Factory> cfgdev info
Port A:
Board ID:
0xd080
0x0005 (5)
Configuration device information:
Name
: SDS128M
Model
: 3
Version
: 1
Page Size
: 200
Total Size
: 127008768
Max Clock (Hz)
: 400000
Write Cycles (ns): 5000000
Flags
: 0x00000001
N-TRON/Factory> cfgdev compare
Comparing switch configuration to the configuration device...
The configurations are different.
N-TRON/Factory> cfgdev erase
Erasing configuration device...
Configuration device erase completed.
Notes
(Revised 2015-09-28)
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CLI Commands, Continued…
Show or Set CIP Configuration
Command Name
Cip
Description
Show or set CIP configuration. If no parameters are specified, this command will show
the CIP configuration (same as -show parameter).
Syntax
-Cip [-e[nable] | -d[isable] | -show]
Parameters
-Cip –show
Show CIP configuration.
-Cip [-e[nable] | -d[isable]]
Set the CIP status to e(nabled) or d(isabled).
N-TRON/Admin> cip –show
Examples
CIP Configuration:
-----------------Status:
EthIp Interval:
Cache Interval:
Identity Information:
--------------------Product Name:
Vendor:
Device Type:
Major Revision:
Minor Revision:
Serial Number:
Enabled
10 ms
2000 ms
N-TRON 7026TX
1006 (N-TRON)
0x0C (Communications Adapter)
1
1
0xAFFBF8E0
Connection Information:
----------------------Multicast Connections: 0
Unicast Connections:
0
N-TRON/Admin> cip -disable
Changing CIP configuration...
CIP Configuration:
-----------------Status:
EthIp Interval:
Cache Interval:
Disabled
10 ms
2000 ms
Identity Information:
--------------------Product Name:
Vendor:
Device Type:
Major Revision:
Minor Revision:
Serial Number:
N-TRON 7026TX
1006 (N-TRON)
0x0C (Communications Adapter)
1
1
0xAFFBF8E0
Connection Information:
----------------------Multicast Connections: 0
Unicast Connections:
0
N-TRON/Admin>
NOTES
(Revised 2015-09-28)
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CLI Commands, Continued…
Save or Reset the Configuration Settings
Command Name
Config
Description
Save or reset configuration settings
Syntax
config s[ave] | r[eset]
Parameters
save
save current running configuration settings.
reset
reset configuration settings to factory defaults.
N-TRON/Admin> config save
Examples
Save Settings...
Settings have been saved.
N-TRON/Admin> config reset
Resetting to factory defaults...
Load factory default settings [y/n]?y
Keep IP, subnet mask, and gateway addresses [y/n]?y
Keep current user names and passwords [y/n]?y
…
NOTES
Show or Clear Idle Task Statistics
Command Name
Idle
Description
Show or clear idle task statistics
Syntax
idle cpu | stat [clear]
Parameters
cpu
show CPU usage graph.
stat
show or clear idle task statistics.
N-TRON/Admin> idle cpu
Examples
Press Ctrl-C to stop output
CPU Usage: 35% |*****************-------------------------------|
N-TRON/Admin> idle stat
|
|
Time|
Elapsed|Sched| Tick| Loop
Count|
Id|
(Secs)| Time (us)|Count|Count|Count
-----|----------|----------|----------|-----|-----|----1|
1|
63153|
1008892| 105|
98|
83
2|
2|
63154|
1031766| 123| 100|
70
3|
3|
63155|
1020343| 177|
99|
25
4|
4|
63156|
1001494| 101|
97|
80
5|
5|
63157|
1007131| 108|
98|
82
-----|----------|----------|----------|-----|-----|----6|
6|
63158|
1009589| 110|
98|
83
7|
7|
63159|
1008483| 110|
97|
77
Description
Max
Min
Average
-------------------- ---------- ---------- ---------Display Time (us)
1031766
1001494
1012528
Display Sched
177
101
119
Overall Sched
177
101
119
Display Ticks
100
97
98
Overall Ticks
100
97
98
Display Loops
83
25
71
Overall Loops
83
25
71
N-TRON/Admin>
NOTES
(Revised 2015-09-28)
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CLI Commands, Continued…
Show or Set IGMP Configuration
Command Name
Igmp
Description
Show or set IGMP configuration. If no parameters are specified, this command will show
the IGMP configuration (same as -show parameter).
Syntax
igmp [-show] [-status state]
Parameters
-show
Show configuration.
-status state
Set the IGMP status to e(nabled) or d(isabled).
N-TRON/Admin> igmp –show
Examples
IGMP Status
IGMP Version
Query Mode
CIP Querier Status
Active Querier IP
Router Mode
Manual Router Ports
IGMP Number of Groups
IGMP Resource Usage %
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Enabled
2
Auto
2, Active-Auto
192.168.1.250
Auto
(None)
1
1
N-TRON/Admin> igmp –status disabled
IGMP Status
IGMP Version
Query Mode
CIP Querier Status
Active Querier IP
Router Mode
Manual Router Ports
IGMP Number of Groups
IGMP Resource Usage %
N-TRON/Admin>…
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Disabled
2
Auto
2, Active-Auto
192.168.1.250
Auto
(None)
1
1
NOTES
(Revised 2015-09-28)
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CLI Commands, Continued…
Show or Set Mirror Configuration
Command Name
Mirror
Description
Show or set Mirror configuration. If no parameters are specified, this command will
show the Mirror configuration (same as -show parameter).
Syntax
mirror [-show] [-status state] [-dp portno] [-tx portlist] [-rx portlist]
Parameters
-show
Show configuration.
-status state
Set the Mirror status to e(nabled) or d(isabled).
-dp portno
Set the destination port number for mirrored frames.
-tx portlist
Set the source ports to mirror frames that are transmitted.
-rx portlist
Set the source ports to mirror frames that are received.
N-TRON/Admin> mirror –show
Examples
Mirror Status
Destination Port
Tx Source Ports
Rx Source Ports
:
:
:
:
Disabled
TX1
(None)
(None)
N-TRON/Admin> mirror –status enabled –dp 6 –tx 1,3-5 –rx 1,3,5
Mirror Status
Destination Port
Tx Source Ports
Rx Source Ports
:
:
:
:
Enabled
TX6
TX1, TX3-TX5
TX1, TX3, TX5
Changes have been made that have not been saved.
…
NOTES
(Revised 2015-09-28)
The portlist consists of port numbers and ranges, separated by commas. It may not
contain space characters. Use “all” to set all ports as source ports, and use “none” to clear
all ports from source ports.
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CLI Commands, Continued…
Show or Set N-Ring Configuration
Command Name
Nring
Description
Show or set N-Ring configuration. If no parameters are specified, this command will
show the N-Ring configuration (same as -show parameter).
Syntax
nring [-show] [-mode d | a | m] [-ports set_id]
Parameters
-show
Show configuration.
-mode
Set the N-Ring mode.
d = disabled, a = auto member, m = manager
-ports set_id
Set the ring ports for N-Ring manager mode.
Specify port set identifier or use ‘?’ to list available port sets.
N-TRON/Admin> nring –show
Examples
N-Ring Mode
Aging Time
: Auto Member
: 20
N-TRON/Admin> nring –ports ?
ID
-1
2
3
Port Set
-------P1 / P2
P23 / P24
P25 / P26
N-TRON/Admin> nring –mode m –ports 2
Do you Want to Save Changes and Restart the System Now [y/n]?
…
NOTES
Show or Set N-View Configuration
Command Name
Nview
Description
Show or set N-View configuration. If no parameters are specified, this command will
show the N-View configuration (same as -show parameter).
Syntax
nview [-show] [-status state]
Parameters
-show
Show configuration.
-status state
Set the N-View status to e(nabled) or d(isabled).
N-TRON/Admin> nview –show
Examples
N-View Status
: Enabled
N-View Interval : 5
N-TRON/Admin> nview –status disabled
N-View Status
: Disabled
N-View Interval : 5
Changes have been made that have not been saved.
…
NOTES
(Revised 2015-09-28)
Page 145 of 170
CLI Commands, Continued…
Ping a Host
Command Name
Description
Syntax
Parameters
Example
Ping
Ping a host
ping [-t] [-n count] [-w timeout] target_name
target_name
IP Address or host name.
-t
Ping the specified host until stopped.
To see statistics and continue - type Space;
To stop - type Control-C.
-n count
Number of echo requests to send.
-w timeout
Timeout in milliseconds to wait for each reply.
N-TRON/Admin>
…
N-TRON/Admin>
…
N-TRON/Admin>
…
N-TRON/Admin>
ping 192.168.1.119
ping –n 6 192.168.1.119
ping –t 192.168.1.119
ping –w 2000 192.168.1.119
Reply from 192.168.1.119: time=970ms
Reply from 192.168.1.119: time<10ms
Reply from 192.168.1.119: time<10ms
Ping statistics for 192.168.1.119:
Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 3, Lost = 1 (25% loss)
Approximate round trip times in milliseconds:
Minimum = 0ms, Maximum = 970ms, Average = 320ms
Notes
(Revised 2015-09-28)
Page 146 of 170
CLI Commands, Continued…
Show or Set Port Configuration
Command Name
Port
Description
Show or set Port configuration.
Syntax
port [-show] [-admin state] [-sd auto | 10h | 10f | 100h | 100f | 1000f]
[-flow state] [-fhp state] [-dp prio] [-dscp state] [-8021p state] [-pvid vid]
[-ual percent] [-uah percent] [-security state] portno
Parameters
Portno
Port number to configure or show. Specify “all” to show all ports.
-show
Show configuration.
-admin state
Set the admin status for the port to e(nabled) or d(isabled).
-sd
Set the speed and duplex mode for the port.
auto = enable auto-negotiation
-flow state
Set the flow control for the port to e(nabled) or d(isabled).
-fhp state
Set force high priority for the port to e(nabled) or d(isabled).
-dp
Set the default QOS priority for the port. The range is 0-7.
-dscp state
Set the DSCP Priority for the port to e(nabled) or d(isabled).
-8021p state
Set the 802.1p Priority for the port to e(nabled) or d(isabled).
-pvid
Set the VLAN ID for the port. The range is 1-4094.
-ual percent
Set the usage alarm low percentage. The range is 0-100.
-uah percent
Set the usage alarm high percentage. The range is 0-100.
-security state
Set the security status for all supported ports to e(nabled) or d(isabled).
N-TRON/Admin> port –sd 100f –flow enabled –dp 7 –pvid 2 5
Examples
Port
No
---5
Port Admin
Link
Auto
Port Dupl Flow
Force
Def
Port
Name Status Stat
Nego
Spd Mode Control High Pri Pri
State
PVID
---- -------- ---- -------- ---- ---- -------- -------- --- ---------- ---TX5 Enabled Down Disabled 100 Full Enabled Disabled
7 Disabled
2
Changes have been made that have not been saved.
…
NOTES
(Revised 2015-09-28)
Page 147 of 170
CLI Commands, Continued…
Reset the Switch
Command Name
Description
Syntax
Parameters
Example
Reset
Reset (reboot) the switch
Reset
None
N-TRON/Admin> reset
Preparing for reset.
Cleaning up...
Browser will be redirected to 192.168.1.250.
Disabling SNMP...
Disabling DHCP...
Disabling CIP...
Locking out other processes...
Disable preemption...
Resetting device...
…
Notes
Show or Set SNMP Configuration
Command Name
Snmp
Description
Show or set SNMP configuration. If no parameters are specified, this command will
show the SNMP configuration (same as -show parameter).
Syntax
snmp [-show] [-ro name] [-rw name] [-trap name]
Parameters
-show
Show configuration.
-ro name
Set the Authorized Community Name for SNMP Get requests.
-rw name
Set the Authorized Community Name for SNMP Set requests.
-trap name
Set the Authorized Community Name for SNMP Traps.
N-TRON/Admin> snmp –ro users
Examples
IP Address - Trap Stn.#1
IP Address - Trap Stn.#2
IP Address - Trap Stn.#3
IP Address - Trap Stn.#4
IP Address - Trap Stn.#5
Read-Only Community Name
Read-Write Community Name
Trap Community Name
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Value Not
Value Not
Value Not
Value Not
Value Not
users
private
public
Configured
Configured
Configured
Configured
Configured
Changes have been made that have not been saved.
…
NOTES
(Revised 2015-09-28)
Community names may only contain alphanumeric, space, ‘-‘, ‘_’, and ‘#’ characters,
and may not begin with a number, space, or underscore. A name with embedded space
characters must be enclosed in quotes. The maximum length is 15 characters.
Page 148 of 170
CLI Commands, Continued…
Show or Clear the Last System Error
Command Name
Syserr
Description
Show or clear the last system error
Syntax
Parameters
If clear is not supplied, then the last system error is displayed.
syserr [clear]
Clear
Clear the last system error.
Example
N-TRON/Admin> syserr
Last System Error: None.
N-TRON/Admin> syserr clear
Last System Error: Cleared.
Notes
Show System Information
Command Name
Description
Syntax
Parameters
Example
Sysinfo
Show system information
Sysinfo
None
N-TRON/Admin> sysinfo
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+
+ Model:
7026TX
+ Boot Loader: BL 2.0.5.1 (0x02000501)
+ OS Version:
3.4.3
+ Build Date:
Aug 2 2010 at 16:13:22
+ Copyright:
Copyright (c) 2008-2010 N-TRON Corporation All rights
reserved.
+
+ Processor:
66 MHz (66000000)
+ SDRAM Size:
16 MB
+ Flash Size:
8 MB
+ File System: 6422528 Bytes, 2621440 Free, 3801088 Used, 0 Bad
+ MAC Address: 00:07:af:fe:27:40
+ IP Address:
192.168.1.201
+ Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
+ Gateway:
192.168.1.1
+ Cfg Device:
Not connected
+
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Notes
(Revised 2015-09-28)
Page 149 of 170
CLI Commands, Continued…
Set or Show the System IP Configuration
Command Name
Sysip
Description
Set system IP configuration mode, IP address, subnet mask, and gateway
Syntax
Parameters
Example
If no parameters are specified, this command will show the system IP addresses. Static
IP, subnet mask, or gateway can be set while in either DHCP or static configuration
mode as they will be used with IP fallback when in DHCP mode. If the Static IP is set to
the default system IP address, IP fallback will not occur. All system addresses must be
formatted as: xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx.
sysip [-c config_mode] [-i static_ip] [-s static_subnet_mask] [-g static_gateway]
-c config_mode
s(tatic) or d(hcp).
-i static_ip
Static IP address (for static config mode and IP fallback ).
-s static_subnet_mask
Static sub net mask (for static config mode and IP fallback ).
-g static_gateway
Static gateway address ( for static config mode and IP fallback ).
N-TRON/Admin> sysip
IP Configuration Mode
Static IP Address
Static subnet Mask
Static gateway
:
:
:
:
Static
192.168.1.225
255.255.255.0
192.168.1.1
N-TRON/Admin> sysip -c dhcp
IP Configuration Mode
Fallback IP Address
Fallback Subnet Mask
Fallback Gateway
:
:
:
:
DHCP (has been changed)
192.168.1.225
255.255.255.0
192.168.1.1
Press <ENTER> to Save Changes and Restart the System Now
…
N-TRON/Admin> sysip -i 192.168.2.119 -s 255.255.252.0 -g
192.168.1.1
IP Configuration Mode
Static IP Address
Static Subnet Mask
Static Gateway
:
:
:
:
Static
192.168.2.119 (has been changed)
255.255.252.0 (has been changed)
192.168.1.1 (has been changed)
Press <ENTER> to Save Changes and Restart the System Now
…
NOTES
(Revised 2015-09-28)
If mode is set to DHCP and IP fallback occurs, DHCP requests will stop.
If mode is set to DHCP and IP Configuration is retrieved from a DHCP server, IP
fallback will not occur, even if lease is lost.
Page 150 of 170
CLI Commands, Continued…
Show or Set System Configuration
Command Name
System
Description
Show or set System configuration. If no parameters are specified, this command will
show the System configuration (same as -show parameter).
Syntax
system [-show] [-name label] [-browser state]
Parameters
-show
Show configuration.
-name label
Set the switch name.
-browser state
Set the browser access status to e(nabled) or d(isabled).
N-TRON/Admin> system –name “Private switch” –browser disabled
Examples
IP Configuration
Client ID (hex)
IP Address
Subnet Mask
Gateway
MAC Address
System Up Time
Name
Contact
Location
Temperature
Upper Threshold
Lower Threshold
Browser Access
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Static
0007affcb4a0
192.168.1.212
255.255.255.0
192.168.1.1
00:07:af:fc:b4:a0
0 days, 0 hours, 18 mins, 54 secs
Private switch
N-TRON Admin
Mobile, AL 36609
26 C, 78 F
100 C, 212 F
-60 C, -76 F
Disabled
Changes have been made that have not been saved.
…
NOTES
(Revised 2015-09-28)
A switch name may only contain alphanumeric, space, ‘:’, ‘-‘, ‘_’, and ‘#’ characters, and
may not begin with a number, space, or underscore. A name with embedded space
characters must be enclosed in quotes.
Page 151 of 170
VLAN Addition and Deletion Example
The screen capture below is the factory default VLAN configuration.
Clicking on the “Modify” button allows one to add a new VLAN:
(Revised 2015-09-28)
Page 152 of 170
When creating a new VLAN, a numeric ID is required, Name is entered. Note that N-Ring VLAN is a
reserved name with a special meaning. Choices such as “Allow Management” and “Change PVID of
Member Ports” are made at this time as well as the ports which are going to belong to the new VLAN.
Additionally, the ports may be “Untagged on Egress”.
The result of add is a “New VLAN”. In this case, it does not overlap the “Default VLAN” ports.
(Revised 2015-09-28)
Page 153 of 170
The ports of “New VLAN” may be added back to “Default VLAN” to create overlapping VLANs.
Note: If there are multiple ports on different VLANs, the 7026 will apply the static multicast address to the
lowest VLAN-ID that is associated with one of the ports assigned to the static multicast address. If the
lowest VLAN-ID contains all the ports assigned to the static multicast address (an umbrella VLAN), it will
function for all those ports with no problems. This can be achieved with overlapping VLANs.
But notice that the ports in “New VLAN” are not marked as “Untag on Egress” and are thus still tagged.
(Revised 2015-09-28)
Page 154 of 170
And the “New VLAN” may be deleted when it is no longer required:
(Revised 2015-09-28)
Page 155 of 170
And the “New VLAN” is removed. Note that the new configuration of the switch must be saved if the
configuration must survive a power cycle.
(Revised 2015-09-28)
Page 156 of 170
(Revised 2015-09-28)
Page 157 of 170
VLAN Configuration Examples
A VLAN is an administratively configured LAN segment that limits the traffic in multiple broadcast domains. Instead of
physically reconnecting a device to a different LAN, network administrators can accomplish this task by configuring a
VLAN compliant switch to create logical network segments.
Tagged VLAN allows switch segmentation to span across multiple managed switches. This type of VLAN is ideal for
LANs that consist of various types of communication groups such as Office LANs, Controls Systems, and IP
Cameras. When used properly, it will effectively isolate two or more groups from each other in a logical manner. This
means that Broadcast, Multicast, and Unicast frames in one VLAN will not interfere with another isolated VLAN group.
The examples in this section are shown as configured on a 708TX switch, but the 7026 series may be configured
similarly with the additional ports.
Example 1 – Basic understanding of port-based VLANs
Receiving
Port #
Tagged VID
in packet
Destination
Address
Transmitting
Port #s
Notes
TX1
TX1
TX1
TX3
TX3
TX3
Untagged
Untagged
VID 4
Untagged
Untagged
VID 4
MAC on port TX2
Unknown MAC
MAC on port TX2
MAC on port TX5
Unknown MAC
MAC on port TX6
TX2
TX2
-TX5
TX4-TX8
--
Unicast Traffic
Floods VLAN 2
Packet Discarded
Unicast Traffic
Floods VLAN 1
Packet Discarded
(Revised 2015-09-28)
Page 158 of 170
Example 2 – Basic understanding of tagged VLANs (Admit – Tagged Only)
Receiving
Port #
Tagged VID
in packet
Destination
Address
Transmitting
Port #s
Notes
TX1
TX1
TX1
TX1
TX3
TX3
TX3
TX3
Untagged
VID 2
VID 4
VID 2
Untagged
VID 1
VID 1
VID 4
MAC on port TX2
MAC on port TX2
MAC on port TX2
MAC on port TX5
MAC on port TX1
MAC on port TX6
Unknown MAC
MAC on port TX8
-TX2
-TX2
-TX6
TX5-TX8
--
Packet Discarded
Unicast Traffic
Packet Discarded
Floods VLAN 2
Packet Discarded
Unicast Traffic
Floods VLAN 1
Packet Discarded
(Revised 2015-09-28)
Page 159 of 170
Example 3 – Basic understanding of tagged VLANs (Admit – All)
Receiving
Port #
Tagged VID
in packet
Destination
Address
Transmitting
Port #s
Notes
TX1
TX1
TX1
TX1
TX3
TX3
TX3
TX3
Untagged
VID 2
VID 4
VID 2
Untagged
VID 1
VID 1
VID 4
MAC on port TX2
MAC on port TX2
MAC on port TX2
Unknown MAC
Unknown MAC
MAC on port TX6
Unknown MAC
MAC on port TX7
TX2
TX2
-TX2
TX4-TX8
TX6
TX4-TX8
--
Adds VID 2 to packet
Unicast Traffic
Packet Discarded
Floods VLAN 2
Adds VID 1 to packet & Floods VLAN 1
Unicast Traffic
Floods VLAN 1
Packet Discarded
(Revised 2015-09-28)
Page 160 of 170
Example 4 – Basic understanding of Hybrid VLANs
Receiving
Port #
Tagged VID
in packet
Destination
Address
Transmitting
Port #s
Notes
TX1
TX1
TX1
TX1
TX1
TX3
TX3
TX3
TX3
TX3
TX3
Untagged
Untagged
VID 4
VID 4
VID 2
Untagged
Untagged
VID 4
VID 4
VID 2
VID 2
MAC on port TX2
MAC on port TX3
MAC on port TX2
MAC on port TX3
MAC on port TX2
MAC on port TX6
Unknown MAC
MAC on port TX5
MAC on port TX4
MAC on port TX4
MAC on port TX1
TX2
TX3
--TX2
TX6
TX4-TX8
--TX4
TX1
Unicast Traffic
Adds VID 2 in the packet
Packet Discarded
Packet Discarded
Strips VID off packet
Unicast Traffic
Floods VLAN 1
Packet Discarded
Packet Discarded
Does not strip VID off packet
Strips VID off packet
(Revised 2015-09-28)
Page 161 of 170
Example 5 – Basic understanding of Overlapping VLANs
Receiving
Port #
Tagged VID
in packet
Destination
Address
Transmitting
Port #s
Notes
TX1
Untagged
TX2
Unicast Traffic
TX1
TX1
Untagged
VID 4
TX2
TX2
Floods VLAN 4
Strips VID off packet
TX1
TX2
VID 4
Untagged
TX2
TX1
Strips VID off packet & Floods VLAN 4
Unicast Traffic
TX2
Untagged
TX5
Unicast Traffic
TX2
VID 2 or 3
TX5
TX2
TX3
Untagged
Untagged
TX1, TX3-TX8
TX2, TX4-TX8
Strips VID off packet (or floods if MAC
is unknown for VID)
Floods VLAN 2
Floods VLAN 3
TX3
Untagged
TX2
Unicast Traffic
TX3
Untagged
TX5
Unicast Traffic
TX3
VID 2 or 3
MAC on port TX2,
VID=4
MAC on port TX3
MAC on port TX2,
VID=4
Unknown MAC
MAC on port TX1,
VID=2
MAC on port TX5,
VID=2
MAC on port TX5,
VID=2 and 3
Unknown MAC
MAC on port TX1,
VID=3
MAC on port TX2,
VID=3
MAC on port TX5,
VID=3
MAC on port TX2,
VID=2 and 3
TX2
Strips VID off packet (or floods if MAC
is unknown for VID)
(Revised 2015-09-28)
Page 162 of 170
Example 6 – Basic understanding of VLANs with Multicast Filtering
Top of Form
Bottom of Form
Receiving
Port #
Tagged VID
in packet
Destination
Address
Transmitting
Port #s
TX1
Untagged
01:00:00:00:00:01
TX2
TX3
Untagged
01:00:00:00:00:02
TX6, TX8
TX2
Untagged
01:00:00:00:00:01
TX1,TX3-TX8
TX2
TX3
TX6
TX3
Untagged
Untagged
Untagged
Untagged
01:00:00:00:00:02
01:00:00:00:00:01
01:00:00:00:00:02
01:00:00:00:00:02
TX1,TX3-TX8
TX2, TX4-TX8
TX8
TX6, TX8
Notes
Goes to ports TX1-TX8, but TX1 can only
send to TX2 (VLAN 4)
Goes to ports TX2, TX6-TX8 (VLAN 3) but
filter keeps it on ports TX6 and TX8 only
Goes to ports TX1-TX8, but won’t go back
out the port it came in on
Goes to ports TX1,TX3-TX8
Goes to ports TX2, TX4-TX8
Goes to port TX8
Goes to ports TX6 and TX8
Note: If there are multiple ports on different VLANs, the 7026 will apply the static multicast address to the
lowest VLAN-ID that is associated with one of the ports assigned to the static multicast address. If the
lowest VLAN-ID contains all the ports assigned to the static multicast address (an umbrella VLAN), it will
function for all those ports with no problems. This can be achieved with overlapping VLANs.
For further information and examples on overlapping vlans, see:
http://www.n-tron.com/pdf/overlappingportvlan.pdf
(Revised 2015-09-28)
Page 163 of 170
7026TX - KEY SPECIFICATION
Switch Properties
Number of MAC Addresses:
Aging Time:
Latency Type:
Switching Method:
8,000
Programmable
2.6 µs
Store & Forward
Physical
1.75” / 4.45 cm
19.0” / 48.26 cm
4.75” / 12.06 cm
5.5 lbs / 2.5 kg
Height:
Width:
Depth:
Weight (max):
Electrical
Redundant Input Voltage:
Input Current (max):
18-49VDC (Regulated)
605mA max. @ 24VDC
Input Ripple:
N-TRON Power Supply:
Less than 100 mV
NTPS-24-1.3 (1.3 Amp@24VDC)
Environmental
Connectors
Surrounding Air Temperature Range: -40°C to 80°C
Storage Temperature: -40°C to 80°C
10/100BaseTX:
(24) RJ-45 Copper Ports
Operating Humidity:
5% to 95%
(Non Condensing)
Optional SFP Ports:
1000BaseT:
Up to two (2) RJ-45 Gigabit Copper Ports (optional)
1000BaseSX/LX: Up to two (2) LC Duplex Gigabit Fiber Ports (optional)
Operating Altitude
0 to 10,000 ft.
Recommended Wiring Clearance:
Shock and Vibration
(bulkhead mounting)
Shock:
Vibration/Seismic:
200g @ 10ms
50g, 5-200Hz,Triaxial
Reliability
MTBF: >1 Million Hours
Warranty: 3 years from the date of purchase.
Front:
Back:
4“ (5.08 cm)
1" (2.54 cm) (For –AC option 2" (or 5.08 cm))
Network Media
10BaseT:
100BaseTX:
1000BaseT:
>Cat3 Cable
>Cat5 Cable
>Cat5e Cable
minimum length : 1 meter
maximum length : 100 meters
SFP Pluggable Modules
1000BaseT (NTSFP-TX):
>Cat5e Cable
minimum length: 1 meter
maximum length: 100 meter
1000BaseLX (NTSFP-LX-10):
1000BaseLX (NTSFP-LX-40):
1000BaseLX (NTSFP-LX-80):
1000BaseSX (50/125μm):
1000BaseSX (62.5/125μm):
(Revised 2015-09-28)
10 kilometers
40 kilometers
80 kilometers
550 meters
275 meters
Page 164 of 170
7026TX-AC - KEY SPECIFICATION
Switch Properties
Number of MAC Addresses:
Aging Time:
Latency Type:
Switching Method:
8,000
Programmable
2.6 µs
Store & Forward
Physical
1.75” / 4.45 cm
19.0” / 48.26 cm
4.75” / 12.06 cm
5.5 lbs / 2.5 kg
Height:
Width:
Depth:
Weight (max):
Electrical
AC Input Voltage:
Input Current (max):
90-264VAC
215mA max. @ 120VAC
DC Input Voltage:
Input Current (max):
90-300VDC
110mA max. @ 124VDC
Environmental
Connectors
Surrounding Air Temperature Range: -40°C to 80°C
Storage Temperature: -40°C to 85°C
10/100BaseTX:
(24) RJ-45 Copper Ports
Operating Humidity:
5% to 95%
(Non Condensing)
Optional SFP Ports:
1000BaseT:
Up to two (2) RJ-45 Gigabit Copper Ports (optional)
1000BaseSX:
Up to two (2) LC Duplex Gigabit Fiber Ports (optional)
Operating Altitude
0 to 10,000 ft.
Recommended Wiring Clearance:
Shock and Vibration
(bulkhead mounting)
Shock:
Vibration/Seismic:
200g @ 10ms
50g, 5-200Hz,Triaxial
Reliability
MTBF: >2 Million Hours
Warranty: 3 years from the date of purchase.
Front:
Side:
2“ (5.08 cm) TX models
1" (2.54 cm)
Network Media
10BaseT:
100BaseTX:
1000BaseT:
>Cat3 Cable
>Cat5 Cable
>Cat5e Cable
minimum length : 1 meter
maximum length : 100 meters
SFP Pluggable Modules
1000BaseT (NTSFP-TX):
>Cat5e Cable
minimum length: 1 meter
maximum length: 100 meter
1000BaseLX (NTSFP-LX-10):
1000BaseLX (NTSFP-LX-40):
1000BaseLX (NTSFP-LX-80):
1000BaseSX (50/125μm):
1000BaseSX (62.5/125μm):
(Revised 2015-09-28)
10 kilometers
40 kilometers
80 kilometers
550 meters
275 meters
Page 165 of 170
Gigabit Fiber Transceiver (SFP) Characteristics
550m* with 50/125 µm
275m @ 62.5/125μm
10km**
40km**
80km**
TX Power Min
-9.5dBm
-9.5dBm
-2dBm
0dBm
RX Sensitivity Max
-17dBm
-20dBm
-22dBm
-24dBm
Wavelength
850nm
1310nm
1310nm
1550nm
3.5 to 3.75 dB/km
0.45 dB/km
0.35 dB/km
0.25 dB/km
VCSEL
FP
DFB
DFB
Fiber Length
Assumed Fiber Loss
Laser Type
*SX Fiber Optic Cable
** LX Fiber Optic Cable
Certifications:
GOST-R Certified
Regulatory Approvals:
SAFETY: Suitable for use in Class I, Division 2, Groups A, B, C and D Hazardous Locations, or
Nonhazardous Locations only.
EMI: ANSI C63.4
FCC Title 47, Part 15, Subpart B - Class A
ICES-003 – Class A
EMC: EN 61000-3-2/3 (Emissions)
EN 55022 (Emissions)
EN 55024 (Immunity)
EN61000-4-2 (ESD)
EN61000-4-3 (RS)
EN61000-4-4 (EFT)
EN61000-4-5 (Surge)
EN61000-4-6 (RF)
EN61000-4-8 (PFMF)
EN61000-4-11 (VDI)
(Revised 2015-09-28)
Page 166 of 170
Appendix A. XML Settings File Example
<!-- Overview of XML settings for N-TRON switches -->
<!-- XML settings can be downloaded to a switch to configure the switch. XML settings cover a
subset of the settings available through a web browser. -->
<!-- There are several top level configuration sections. Each section is optional.
<SystemConfiguration>
<Switches/>
<Administration/>
<IPConfiguration/>
<Users/>
<Ports/>
<DHCPServer/>
<MACSecurity/>
</SystemConfiguration>
-->
<SystemConfiguration version="1" minSwVer="3.4.2">
<!-- The minSwVer attribute is optional. If present, the XML settings are ignored if the
switch software version does not meet the minimum version requirement -->
<!-- ______________________________________________________________________________________ -->
<!-- The Switches block is optional. If present, the model name of the target switch must
be in the list for the file to be processed. -->
<Switches>
<Switch minSwVer="3.2.10">708TX</Switch> <!-- If the minSwVer attribute is present, it
overrides the minSwVer attribute of
SystemConfiguration. -->
<Switch>7506GX2</Switch>
</Switches>
<!-- ______________________________________________________________________________________ -->
<!-- Administration -->
<Administration>
<SwitchName>myname</SwitchName>
<!-- optional --><!--255 character limit-->
<SwitchLocation>mylocation</SwitchLocation><!-- optional --><!--255 character limit-->
<SwitchContact>mycontact</SwitchContact>
<!-- optional --><!--255 character limit-->
</Administration>
<!-- ______________________________________________________________________________________ -->
<!-- IP configuration -->
<IPConfiguration>
<Mode>static OR dhcp</Mode> <!-- Mode must be static or dhcp -->
<!-- If dhcp mode, these elements are the "Fallback" Address, Subnet, and Gateway.
Note: For an IP address of 192.168.1.201, there is no fallback address. -->
<!-- All IP addresses have a 15 character
<Address>192.168.1.222</Address>
<!-<Subnet>255.255.255.0</Subnet>
<!-<Gateway>192.168.1.1</Gateway>
<!--
limit (xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx) -->
15 character limit -->
15 character limit -->
15 character limit -->
<!-- If dhcp mode, this is the dhcp client id -->
<ClientID>
<!-- Use one of the elements (MACAddress, SwitchName, OtherText, OtherHex).
MACAddress and SwitchName use current switch values. -->
<MACAddress/>
<SwitchName/>
<OtherText>myClientID</OtherText>
<!-- 255 character limit -->
<OtherHex>0102de03ad00be09ef</OtherHex> <!-- 255*2 character limit -->
</ClientID>
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</IPConfiguration>
<!-- ______________________________________________________________________________________ -->
<!-- User management -->
<!-- A list of logon accounts (5 maximum) to add to the switch. -->
<Users mode="keep or delete">
<!-- mode must be "keep" or "delete" -->
<!-- mode=delete - delete existing accounts before adding accounts (default) -->
<!-- mode=keep - do not delete existing accounts before adding accounts -->
<!-- All User elements (name, password, access) are required. -->
<User>
<Name>Joe</Name>
<!-- 3-15 character limit -->
<Password>xxx</Password>
<!-- 3-15 character limit -->
<Access>admin OR user</Access>
<!-- Access must be admin or user -->
</User>
</Users>
<!-- ______________________________________________________________________________________ -->
<!-- Port configuration -->
<!-- You may uses this block to define port VLAN identifiers (PVIDs) -->
<Ports>
<ValidatePorts>yes OR no</ValidatePorts> <!-- optional --> <!-- Must be yes(default)
or no. If no, invalid ports are ignored. -->
<!-- Use PortNumber or PortName -->
<Port>
<PortNumber>4</PortNumber> <!-- PortNumber ranges from 1 to the maximum port
number for the switch -->
<PVID>1</PVID>
<!-- PVID ranges from 1 to 4094 -->
</Port>
<Port>
<PortName>TX6</PortName>
<!-- Name of port on switch -->
<PVID>26</PVID>
<!-- PVID ranges from 1 to 4094 -->
</Port>
</Ports>
<!-- ______________________________________________________________________________________ -->
<!-- DHCP server -->
<DHCPServer mode="keep or delete">
<!-- mode must be "keep" or "delete" -->
<!-- mode=delete - delete existing profiles before adding profiles (default) -->
<!-- mode=keep - do not delete existing profiles before adding profiles -->
<Enabled>yes OR no</Enabled>
<!-- Enabled must be yes or no -->
<!-- If the server is enabled (enabled=yes), you can add DHCP server profiles.
(If not enabled, can not add profiles.) -->
<Profile>
<!-- Required: Name, LowIP, HighIP,
defaults to 0. -->
<Name>prof1</Name>
<!-<LowIP>192.168.2.1</LowIP>
<!-<HighIP>192.168.2.254</HighIP> <!-<LeaseDays>28</LeaseDays>
<!-<LeaseHours>0</LeaseHours>
<!--
LeaseDays. LeaseHours is optional, and
required
required
required
required
optional
-->
-->
-->
-->
-->
<!-- 19 character limit -->
<!--The Advanced block is optional, and all elements within the block are
optional.-->
<Advanced>
<!-- optional -->
<!-- All elements below are optional -->
<BroadcastAddress>192.168.2.255</BroadcastAddress>
<DomainName>N-TRON.com</DomainName>
<!-- 63 character limit -->
<DNSServer1>192.168.2.10</DNSServer1>
(Revised 2015-09-28)
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<DNSServer2>192.168.2.11</DNSServer2>
<Gateway1>192.168.2.1</Gateway1>
<Gateway2>192.168.2.2</Gateway2>
</Advanced>
<IPMaps>
<!-- The DynamicRange is the only IP Map supported. You may have 0 or more. -->
<DynamicRange>
<!-- low and high within range of profile -->
<LowIP>192.168.2.1</LowIP>
<!-- required -->
<HighIP>192.168.2.4</HighIP>
<!-- required -->
</DynamicRange>
</IPMaps>
</Profile>
</DHCPServer>
<!-- ______________________________________________________________________________________ -->
<!-- MAC security -->
<MACSecurity>
<Mode>learning OR locked</Mode>
<!-- Mode must be learning or locked -->
<!-- Authorized entries -->
<Authorized mode="keep or delete">
<!-- mode must be "keep" or "delete" -->
<!-- mode=delete - delete existing authorized MACs before adding
authorized MACs (default) -->
<!-- mode=keep - do not delete existing authorized MACs before
adding authorized MACs -->
<ValidatePorts>yes OR no</ValidatePorts>
<!-- optional -->
<!-- Must be yes(default) or no.
If no, invalid ports are ignored. -->
<Entry>
<MACAddress>00:07:af:ff:5b:c0</MACAddress>
<!-- 17 character limit -->
<!-- MAC is valid on all ports listed in the ports list.
If the ports list is missing, then the MAC is valid on all ports. -->
<Ports>
<Port>
<!-- Use PortNumber or PortName -->
<PortNumber>4</PortNumber>
<!-- 1 to maximum port for switch -->
</Port>
<Port>
<PortName>TX5</PortName>
<!-- Name of port on switch -->
</Port>
</Ports>
</Entry>
<Entry>
<MACAddress>0007af1d6460</MACAddress> <!-- Example of a MAC with no
delimiters, valid on all ports. -->
</Entry>
</Authorized>
</MACSecurity>
</SystemConfiguration>
(Revised 2015-09-28)
Page 169 of 170
N-TRON Limited Warranty
N-TRON, Corporation warrants to the end user that this hardware product will be free from defects in workmanship and materials, under
normal use and service, for the applicable warranty period from the date of purchase from N-TRON or its authorized reseller. If a product
does not operate as warranted during the applicable warranty period, N-TRON shall, at its option and expense, repair the defective product
or part, deliver to customer an equivalent product or part to replace the defective item, or refund to customer the purchase price paid for the
defective product. All products that are replaced will become the property of N-TRON. Replacement products may be new or
reconditioned. Any replaced or repaired product or part has a ninety (90) day warranty or the remainder of the initial warranty period,
whichever is longer. N-TRON shall not be responsible for any custom software or firmware, configuration information, or memory data of
customer contained in, stored on, or integrated with any products returned to N-TRON pursuant to any warranty.
OBTAINING WARRANTY SERVICE: Customer must contact N-TRON within the applicable warranty period to obtain warranty service
authorization. Dated proof of purchase from N-TRON or its authorized reseller may be required. Products returned to N-TRON must be
pre-authorized by N-TRON with a Return Material Authorization (RMA) number marked on the outside of the package, and sent prepaid
and packaged appropriately for safe shipment. Responsibility for loss or damage does not transfer to N-TRON until the returned item is
received by N-TRON. The repaired or replaced item will be shipped to the customer, at N-TRON’s expense, not later than thirty (30) days
after N-TRON receives the product. N-TRON shall not be responsible for any software, firmware, information, or memory data of
customer contained in, stored on, or integrated with any products returned to N-TRON for repair, whether under warranty or not.
ADVANCE REPLACEMENT OPTION: Upon registration, this product qualifies for advance replacement. A replacement product will
be shipped within three (3) days after verification by N-TRON that the product is considered defective. The shipment of advance
replacement products is subject to local legal requirements and may not be available in all locations. When an advance replacement is
provided and customer fails to return the original product to N-TRON within fifteen (15) days after shipment of the replacement, N-TRON
will charge customer for the replacement product, at list price.
WARRANTIES EXCLUSIVE: IF AN N-TRON PRODUCT DOES NOT OPERATE AS WARRANTED ABOVE, CUSTOMER'S SOLE
REMEDY FOR BREACH OF THAT WARRANTY SHALL BE REPAIR, REPLACEMENT, OR REFUND OF THE PURCHASE
PRICE PAID, AT N-TRON'S OPTION. TO THE FULL EXTENT ALLOWED BY LAW, THE FOREGOING WARRANTIES AND
REMEDIES ARE EXCLUSIVE AND ARE IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, TERMS, OR CONDITIONS, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, EITHER IN FACT OR BY OPERATION OF LAW, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE, INCLUDING WARRANTIES,
TERMS, OR CONDITIONS OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, SATISFACTORY QUALITY,
CORRESPONDENCE WITH DESCRIPTION, AND NON-INFRINGEMENT, ALL OF WHICH ARE EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMED. NTRON NEITHER ASSUMES NOR AUTHORIZES ANY OTHER PERSON TO ASSUME FOR IT ANY OTHER LIABILITY IN
CONNECTION WITH THE SALE, INSTALLATION, MAINTENANCE OR USE OF ITS PRODUCTS. N-TRON SHALL NOT BE
LIABLE UNDER THIS WARRANTY IF ITS TESTING AND EXAMINATION DISCLOSE THAT THE ALLEGED DEFECT OR
MALFUNCTION IN THE PRODUCT DOES NOT EXIST OR WAS CAUSED BY CUSTOMER'S OR ANY THIRD PERSON'S
MISUSE, NEGLECT, IMPROPER INSTALLATION OR TESTING, UNAUTHORIZED ATTEMPTS TO OPEN, REPAIR OR MODIFY
THE PRODUCT, OR ANY OTHER CAUSE BEYOND THE RANGE OF THE INTENDED USE, OR BY ACCIDENT, FIRE,
LIGHTNING, POWER CUTS OR OUTAGES, OTHER HAZARDS, OR ACTS OF GOD.
LIMITATION OF LIABILITY: TO THE FULL EXTENT ALLOWED BY LAW, N-TRON ALSO EXCLUDES FOR ITSELF AND ITS
SUPPLIERS ANY LIABILITY, WHETHER BASED IN CONTRACT OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE), FOR INCIDENTAL,
CONSEQUENTIAL, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, OR PUNITIVE DAMAGES OF ANY KIND, OR FOR LOSS OF REVENUE OR
PROFITS, LOSS OF BUSINESS, LOSS OF INFORMATION OR DATA, OR OTHER FINANCIAL LOSS ARISING OUT OF OR IN
CONNECTION WITH THE SALE, INSTALLATION, MAINTENANCE, USE, PERFORMANCE, FAILURE, OR INTERRUPTION OF
ITS PRODUCTS, EVEN IF N-TRON OR ITS AUTHORIZED RESELLER HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH
DAMAGES, AND LIMITS ITS LIABILITY TO REPAIR, REPLACEMENT, OR REFUND OF THE PURCHASE PRICE PAID, AT NTRON'S OPTION. THIS DISCLAIMER OF LIABILITY FOR DAMAGES WILL NOT BE AFFECTED IF ANY REMEDY PROVIDED
HEREIN SHALL FAIL OF ITS ESSENTIAL PURPOSE.
DISCLAIMER: Some countries, states, or provinces do not allow the exclusion or limitation of implied warranties or the limitation of
incidental or consequential damages for certain products supplied to consumers, or the limitation of liability for personal injury, so the
above limitations and exclusions may be limited in their application to you. When the implied warranties are not allowed to be excluded in
their entirety, they will be limited to the duration of the applicable written warranty. This warranty gives you specific legal rights which
may vary depending on local law.
GOVERNING LAW: This Limited Warranty shall be governed by the laws of the State of Delaware,
U.S.A
(Revised 2015-09-28)
Page 170 of 170
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