Seagate | STM3500418AS | Datasheet | Seagate DiamondMax 23 500-GB SATA

Seagate DiamondMax 23 500-GB SATA
Product Manual
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA
STM31000528AS
STM3500418AS
STM3750528AS
STM3250318AS
100539323
Rev. B
February 2009
Revision history
Revision
Rev. A
Rev. B
Date
02/05/09
02/12/09
Sheets affected or comments
Initial release.
5-7, 9-10, 12 & 14.
Copyright © 2009 Seagate Technology LLC. All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A.
Publication number: 100539323, Rev. B February 2009
Seagate, Seagate Technology and the Wave logo are registered trademarks of Seagate Technology LLC
in the United States and/or other countries. DiamondMax, MaxBlast, Maxtor and the Maxtor logo are either
trademarks or registered trademarks of Seagate Technology LLC or one of its affiliated companies in the
United States and/or other countries. All other trademarks or registered trademarks are the property of
their respective owners.
When referring to hard drive capacity, one gigabyte, or GB, equals one billion bytes and one terabyte, or
TB, equals one trillion bytes. Your computer's operating system may use a different standard of measurement and report a lower capacity. In addition, some of the listed capacity is used for formatting and other
functions, and thus will not be available for data storage. Seagate reserves the right to change, without
notice, product offerings or specifications.
Contents
1.0
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
1.1
About the Serial ATA interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
2.0
Drive specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2.1
Formatted capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
2.1.1
LBA mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
2.2
Default logical geometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
2.3
Recording and interface technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
2.4
Physical characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
2.5
Seek time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
2.6
Start/stop times . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
2.7
Power specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
2.7.1
Power consumption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
2.7.2
Conducted noise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
2.7.3
Voltage tolerance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
2.7.4
Power-management modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
2.8
Environmental specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
2.8.1
Ambient temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
2.8.2
Temperature gradient. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
2.8.3
Humidity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
2.8.4
Altitude . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
2.8.5
Shock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
2.8.6
Vibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
2.9
Acoustics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
2.9.1
Test for Prominent Discrete Tones (PDTs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
2.10
Electromagnetic immunity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
2.11
Reliability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
2.11.1
Annualized Failure Rate (AFR) and Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF) . . . 15
2.12
Agency certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
2.12.1
Safety certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
2.12.2
Electromagnetic compatibility. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
2.12.3
FCC verification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
2.13
Environmental protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
2.13.1
European Union Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive . . . . . 17
2.13.2
China Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
2.14
Corrosive environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
3.0
Configuring and mounting the drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1
Handling and static-discharge precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.2
Configuring the drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.3
Serial ATA cables and connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.4
Drive mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
19
19
20
20
21
4.0
Serial ATA (SATA) interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.1
Hot-Plug compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.2
Serial ATA device plug connector pin definitions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.3
Supported ATA commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.3.1
Identify Device command. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.3.2
Set Features command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.3.3
S.M.A.R.T. commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
23
23
24
25
27
31
32
5.0
Seagate Technology support services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
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ii
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
List of Figures
Figure 1.
Serial ATA connectors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Figure 2.
Attaching SATA cabling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Figure 3.
Mounting dimensions (1000 and 750 GB models) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Figure 4.
Mounting dimensions (500 and 250 GB models) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
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1.0
Introduction
This manual describes the functional, mechanical and interface specifications for the following Seagate
DiamondMax® 23 Serial ATA model drives:
STM31000528AS
STM3750528AS
STM3500418AS
STM3250318AS
These drives provide the following key features:
• 7,200 RPM spindle speed.
• High instantaneous (burst) data-transfer rates (up to 300 Mbytes per second).
• Perpendicular recording, Tunneling Magnetoresistive (TMR) recording heads and EPRML technology, for
increased areal density.
• State-of-the-art cache and on-the-fly error-correction algorithms.
• Native Command Queueing with command ordering to increase performance in demanding applications.
• Full-track multiple-sector transfer capability without local processor intervention.
• Quiet operation.
• Compliant with RoHS requirements in China and Europe.
• SeaTools diagnostic software performs a drive self-test that eliminates unnecessary drive returns.
• Support for S.M.A.R.T. drive monitoring and reporting.
• Supports latching SATA cables and connectors.
• Worldwide Name (WWN) capability uniquely identifies the drive.
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
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1.1
About the Serial ATA interface
The Serial ATA interface provides several advantages over the traditional (parallel) ATA interface. The primary
advantages include:
• Easy installation and configuration with true plug-and-play connectivity. It is not necessary to set any jumpers or other configuration options.
• Thinner and more flexible cabling for improved enclosure airflow and ease of installation.
• Scalability to higher performance levels.
In addition, Serial ATA makes the transition from parallel ATA easy by providing legacy software support. Serial
ATA was designed to allow you to install a Serial ATA host adapter and Serial ATA disk drive in your current
system and expect all of your existing applications to work as normal.
The Serial ATA interface connects each disk drive in a point-to-point configuration with the Serial ATA host
adapter. There is no master/slave relationship with Serial ATA devices like there is with parallel ATA. If two
drives are attached on one Serial ATA host adapter, the host operating system views the two devices as if they
were both “masters” on two separate ports. This essentially means both drives behave as if they are Device 0
(master) devices.
Note.
The host adapter may, optionally, emulate a master/slave environment to host software where two
devices on separate Serial ATA ports are represented to host software as a Device 0 (master) and
Device 1 (slave) accessed at the same set of host bus addresses. A host adapter that emulates a
master/slave environment manages two sets of shadow registers. This is not a typical Serial ATA
environment.
The Serial ATA host adapter and drive share the function of emulating parallel ATA device behavior to provide
backward compatibility with existing host systems and software. The Command and Control Block registers,
PIO and DMA data transfers, resets, and interrupts are all emulated.
The Serial ATA host adapter contains a set of registers that shadow the contents of the traditional device registers, referred to as the Shadow Register Block. All Serial ATA devices behave like Device 0 devices. For additional information about how Serial ATA emulates parallel ATA, refer to the “Serial ATA International
Organization: Serial ATA Revision 2.6”. The specification can be downloaded from www.sata-io.org.
2
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
2.0
Drive specifications
Unless otherwise noted, all specifications are measured under ambient conditions, at 25°C, and nominal
power. For convenience, the phrases the drive and this drive are used throughout this manual to indicate the
following drive models:
STM31000528AS
STM3750528AS
STM3500418AS
STM3250318AS
Specification summary tables
The specifications listed in the following tables are for quick reference. For details on specification measurement or definition, see the appropriate section of this manual.
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
3
Table 1:
4
Drive specifications summary for 1000 and 750 Gbyte models
Drive specification
STM31000528AS
STM3750528AS
Formatted capacity (512 bytes/sector)*
1000 Gbytes
750 Gbytes
Guaranteed sectors
1,953,525,168
1,465,149,168
Heads
4
3
Discs
2
Bytes per sector
512
Default sectors per track
63
Default read/write heads
16
Default cylinders
16,383
Recording density
1413 kbits/in max
Track density
236 ktracks/in avg
Areal density
329 Gbits/in2 avg
Spindle speed
7,200 RPM
Internal data transfer rate
1695 Mbits/sec max
Sustained data transfer rate OD
125 Mbytes/sec max
I/O data-transfer rate
300 Mbytes/sec max
ATA data-transfer modes supported
PIO modes 0–4
Multiword DMA modes 0–2
Ultra DMA modes 0–6
Cache buffer
32 Mbytes
Height (max)
26.1 mm (1.028 inches)
Width (max)
101.6 mm (4.000 inches) +/- 0.010 inches
Length (max)
146.99 mm (5.787 inches)
Weight (typical)
622 grams (1.371lb.)
Average latency
4.16 msec
Power-on to ready
<10.0 sec max
Standby to ready
<10.0 sec max
Track-to-track seek time
<1.0 msec typical read;
<1.2 msec typical write
Average seek, read
<8.5 msec typical
Average seek, write
<9.5 msec typical
Startup current (typical) 12V (peak)
2.0 amps
Voltage tolerance (including noise)
5V +10% / -7.5%
12V +10% / -7.5%
Ambient temperature
0° to 60°C per hour max (operating)
–40° to 70°C per hour max (nonoperating)
Temperature gradient
20°C per hour max (operating)
30°C per hour max (nonoperating)
Relative humidity
5% to 95% (operating)
5% to 95% (nonoperating)
Relative humidity gradient
30% per hour max
Wet bulb temperature
37.7°C max (operating)
40.0°C max (nonoperating)
Altitude, operating
–304.8 m to 3,048 m
(–1000 ft. to 10,000+ ft.)
Altitude, nonoperating
(below mean sea level, max)
–304.8 m to 12,192 m
(–1000 ft. to 40,000+ ft.)
Operational Shock
70 Gs max at 2 msec
Non-Operational Shock
300 Gs max at 2 msec
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
Drive specification
STM31000528AS
Vibration, operating
2–22 Hz: 0.25 Gs, Limited displacement
22–350 Hz: 0.50 Gs
350–500 Hz:: 0.25 Gs
Vibration, nonoperating
5–22 Hz: 2.0 Gs
22–350 Hz: 5.0 Gs
350–500 Hz:: 2.0 Gs
STM3750528AS
Drive acoustics, sound power
Idle**
2.6 bels (typical)
2.7 bels (max)
Seek
2.8 bels (typical)
3.0 bels (max)
Nonrecoverable read errors
1 per 1014 bits read
Annualized Failure Rate (AFR)
0.32%
Warranty
To determine the warranty for a specific drive, use a web browser to access the following
web page: support.seagate.com/customer/warranty_validation.jsp
From this page, click on the “Verify Your Warranty” link. You will be asked to provide the
drive serial number, model number (or part number) and country of purchase. The system
will display the warranty information for your drive.
Contact start-stop cycles
50,000 at 25°C, 50% rel. humidity
Supports Hotplug operation per the
Serial ATA Revision 2.5 specification
Yes
*One Gbyte equals one billion bytes when referring to hard drive capacity. Accessible capacity may vary depending on operating environment
and formatting.
**During periods of drive idle, some offline activity may occur according to the S.M.A.R.T. specification, which may increase acoustic and
power to operational levels.
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
5
Table 2:
6
Drive specifications summary for 500 and 250 Gbyte models
Drive specification
STM3500418AS
STM3250318AS
Formatted capacity (512 bytes/sector)*
500 Gbytes
250Gbytes
Guaranteed sectors
976,773,168
488,397,168
Heads
2
1
Discs
1
Bytes per sector
512
Default sectors per track
63
Default read/write heads
16
Default cylinders
16,383
Recording density
1413 kbits/in max
Track density
236 ktracks/in avg
Areal density
329 Gbits/in2 avg
Spindle speed
7,200 RPM
Internal data transfer rate
1695 Mbits/sec max
Sustained data transfer rate OD
125 Mbytes/sec max
I/O data-transfer rate
300 Mbytes/sec max
ATA data-transfer modes supported
PIO modes 0–4
Multiword DMA modes 0–2
Ultra DMA modes 0–6
Cache buffer
16 Mbytes
Height (max)
19.98 mm (0.787 inches)
Width (max)
101.6 mm (4.000 inches) +/- 0.010 inches
Length (max)
146.99 mm (5.787 inches)
Weight (typical)
415 grams (0.915 lb.)
Average latency
4.16 msec
Power-on to ready
<8.5 sec max
Standby to ready
<8.5 sec max
Track-to-track seek time
<1.0 msec typical read;
<1.2 msec typical write
Average seek, read
<8.5 msec typical
Average seek, write
<9.5 msec typical
Startup current (typical) 12V (peak)
2.0 amps
Voltage tolerance (including noise)
5V +10% / -7.5%
12V +10% / -7.5%
Ambient temperature
0° to 60°C per hour max (operating)
–40° to 70°C per hour max (nonoperating)
Temperature gradient
20°C per hour max (operating)
30°C per hour max (nonoperating)
Relative humidity
5% to 95% (operating)
5% to 95% (nonoperating)
Relative humidity gradient
30% per hour max
Wet bulb temperature
37.7°C max (operating)
40.0°C max (nonoperating)
Altitude, operating
–304.8 m to 3,048 m
(–1000 ft. to 10,000+ ft.)
Altitude, nonoperating
(below mean sea level, max)
–304.8 m to 12,192 m
(–1000 ft. to 40,000+ ft.)
Operational Shock
70 Gs max at 2 msec
Non-Operational Shock
350 Gs max at 2 msec
8 Mbytes
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
Drive specification
STM3500418AS
Vibration, operating
2–22 Hz: 0.25 Gs, Limited displacement
22–350 Hz: 0.50 Gs
350–500 Hz:: 0.25 Gs
Vibration, nonoperating
5–22 Hz: 2.0 Gs
22–350 Hz: 5.0 Gs
350–500 Hz:: 2.0 Gs
STM3250318AS
Drive acoustics, sound power
Idle**
2.6 bels (typical)
2.7 bels (max)
Seek
2.8 bels (typical)
3.0 bels (max)
Nonrecoverable read errors
1 per 1014 bits read
Annualized Failure Rate (AFR)
0.32%
Warranty
To determine the warranty for a specific drive, use a web browser to access the following
web page: support.seagate.com/customer/warranty_validation.jsp
From this page, click on the “Verify Your Warranty” link. You will be asked to provide the
drive serial number, model number (or part number) and country of purchase. The system
will display the warranty information for your drive.
Contact start-stop cycles
50,000 at 25°C, 50% rel. humidity
Supports Hotplug operation per the
Serial ATA Revision 2.5 specification
Yes
*One Gbyte equals one billion bytes when referring to hard drive capacity. Accessible capacity may vary depending on operating environment
and formatting.
**During periods of drive idle, some offline activity may occur according to the S.M.A.R.T. specification, which may increase acoustic and
power to operational levels.
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
7
2.1
Formatted capacity
Model
Formatted
capacity*
Guaranteed
sectors
STM31000528AS
1000 Gbytes
1,953,525,168
STM3750528AS
750 Gbytes
1,465,149,168
STM3500418AS
500 Gbytes
976,773,168
STM3250318AS
250 Gbytes
488,397,168
Bytes per sector
512
*One Gbyte equals one billion bytes when referring to hard drive capacity. Accessible capacity may vary depending on operating environment
and formatting.
2.1.1
LBA mode
When addressing these drives in LBA mode, all blocks (sectors) are consecutively numbered from 0 to n–1,
where n is the number of guaranteed sectors as defined above.
See Section 4.3.1, "Identify Device command" (words 60-61 and 100-103) for additional information about 48bit addressing support of drives with capacities over 137 Gbytes.
2.2
Default logical geometry
Cylinders
Read/write heads
Sectors per track
16,383
16
63
LBA mode
When addressing these drives in LBA mode, all blocks (sectors) are consecutively numbered from 0 to n–1,
where n is the number of guaranteed sectors as defined above.
2.3
Recording and interface technology
Interface
Serial ATA (SATA)
Recording method
Perpendicular
Recording density (kbits/inch max)
1413
Track density (ktracks/inch avg)
236
Areal density
8
(Gbits/inch2
avg)
329
Spindle speed (RPM)
7,200 ± 0.2%
Internal data transfer rate (Mbits/sec max)
1695
Sustained data transfer rate (Mbytes/sec max)
125
I/O data-transfer rate (Mbytes/sec max)
300
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
2.4
Physical characteristics
Maximum height (1000 - 750 GB models)
26.1 mm (1.028 inches)
Maximum height (500 - 250 GB models)
19.98 mm (0.787 inches)
Maximum width
101.6 mm (4.000 +/- 0.010 inches)
Maximum length
146.99 mm (5.787 inches)
Typical weight
1000 & 750 GB models
622 grams (1.371 lbs)
500 & 250 GB models
415 grams (0.915 lbs)
Cache buffer
1000 - 750 GB models
32 Mbytes (32,768 kbytes)
500 GB models
16 Mbytes (16,384 kbytes)
250 GB models
8 Mbytes (16,384 kbytes)
2.5
Seek time
Seek measurements are taken with nominal power at 25°C ambient temperature. All times are measured using
drive diagnostics. The specifications in the table below are defined as follows:
• Track-to-track seek time is an average of all possible single-track seeks in both directions.
• Average seek time is a true statistical random average of at least 5,000 measurements of seeks between
random tracks, less overhead.
Typical seek times (msec)
Read
Write
Track-to-track
<1.0
<1.2
Average
<8.5
<9.5
Average latency:
4.16
Note.
2.6
These drives are designed to consistently meet the seek times represented in this manual. Physical
seeks, regardless of mode (such as track-to-track and average), are expected to meet the noted
values. However, due to the manner in which these drives are formatted, benchmark tests that
include command overhead or measure logical seeks may produce results that vary from these
specifications.
Start/stop times
1000 and 750 GB models
500 and 250 GB models
Power-on to Ready (typ / max sec)
<10.0
<8.5
Standby to Ready (typ / max sec)
<10.0
<8.5
Ready to spindle stop (typ / max sec)
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
10
9
2.7
Power specifications
The drive receives DC power (+5V or +12V) through a native SATA power connector. See Figure 2 on page 20.
2.7.1
Power consumption
Power requirements for the drives are listed in the table on page 9. Typical power measurements are based on
an average of drives tested, under nominal conditions, using 5.0V and 12.0V input voltage at 25°C ambient
temperature.
• Spinup power
Spinup power is measured from the time of power-on to the time that the drive spindle reaches operating
speed.
• Read/write power and current
Read/write power is measured with the heads on track, based on a 16-sector write followed by a 32-msec
delay, then a 16-sector read followed by a 32-msec delay.
• Operating power and current
Operating power is measured using 40 percent random seeks, 40 percent read/write mode (1 write for each
10 reads) and 20 percent drive idle mode.
• Idle mode power
Idle mode power is measured with the drive up to speed, with servo electronics active and with the heads in
a random track location.
• Standby mode
During Standby mode, the drive accepts commands, but the drive is not spinning, and the servo and read/
write electronics are in power-down mode.
Table 3:
DC power requirements
Power dissipation (2-disc values shown)
Avg (watts 25° C)
Avg 5V typ amps
Avg 12V typ amps
Spinup
—
—
2.0 (peak)
Idle* †
5.0
0.168
0.337
Idle* † (with offline activity)
5.40
0.153
0.387
Operating
6.57
0.496
0.341
Standby
0.79
0.35
0.01
Sleep
0.79
0.35
0.01
Power dissipation (1-disc values shown)
Avg (watts 25° C)
Avg 5V typ amps
Avg 12V typ amps
Spinup
—
—
2.0 (peak)
Idle* †
4.60
0.378
0.224
Idle* † (with offline activity)
4.50
0.250
0.240
Operating
6.19
0.656
0.243
Standby
0.79
0.35
0.01
Sleep
0.79
0.35
0.01
Table 4:
DC power requirements
*During periods of drive idle, some offline activity may occur according to the S.M.A.R.T. specification, which may increase acoustic and
power to operational levels
† 5W IDLE with DIPLM Enabled
10
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
2.7.2
Conducted noise
Input noise ripple is measured at the host system power supply across an equivalent 80-ohm resistive load on
the +12 volt line or an equivalent 15-ohm resistive load on the +5 volt line.
• Using 12-volt power, the drive is expected to operate with a maximum of 120 mV peak-to-peak square-wave
injected noise at up to 10 MHz.
• Using 5-volt power, the drive is expected to operate with a maximum of 100 mV peak-to-peak square-wave
injected noise at up to 10 MHz.
Note. Equivalent resistance is calculated by dividing the nominal voltage by the typical RMS read/write
current.
2.7.3
Voltage tolerance
Voltage tolerance (including noise):
5V +10% / -7.5%
12V +10% / -7.5%
2.7.4
Power-management modes
The drive provides programmable power management to provide greater energy efficiency. In most systems,
you can control power management through the system setup program. The drive features the following
power-management modes:
Power modes
Heads
Spindle
Buffer
Active
Tracking
Rotating
Enabled
Idle
Tracking
Rotating
Enabled
Standby
Parked
Stopped
Enabled
Sleep
Parked
Stopped
Disabled
• Active mode
The drive is in Active mode during the read/write and seek operations.
• Idle mode
The buffer remains enabled, and the drive accepts all commands and returns to Active mode any time disk
access is necessary.
• Standby mode
The drive enters Standby mode when the host sends a Standby Immediate command. If the host has set
the standby timer, the drive can also enter Standby mode automatically after the drive has been inactive for
a specifiable length of time. The standby timer delay is established using a Standby or Idle command. In
Standby mode, the drive buffer is enabled, the heads are parked and the spindle is at rest. The drive
accepts all commands and returns to Active mode any time disk access is necessary.
• Sleep mode
The drive enters Sleep mode after receiving a Sleep command from the host. In Sleep mode, the drive buffer is disabled, the heads are parked and the spindle is at rest. The drive leaves Sleep mode after it
receives a Hard Reset or Soft Reset from the host. After receiving a reset, the drive exits Sleep mode and
enters Standby mode with all current translation parameters intact.
• Idle and Standby timers
Each time the drive performs an Active function (read, write or seek), the standby timer is reinitialized and
begins counting down from its specified delay times to zero. If the standby timer reaches zero before any
drive activity is required, the drive makes a transition to Standby mode. In both Idle and Standby mode, the
drive accepts all commands and returns to Active mode when disk access is necessary.
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
11
2.8
Environmental specifications
2.8.1
Ambient temperature
Ambient temperature is defined as the temperature of the environment immediately surrounding the drive.
Actual drive case temperature should not exceed 69°C (156°F) within the operating ambient conditions.
Operating:
0° to 60°C (32° to 140°F)
Nonoperating:
–40° to 70°C (–40° to 158°F)
2.8.2
Temperature gradient
Operating:
20°C per hour (68°F per hour max), without condensation
Nonoperating:
30°C per hour (86°F per hour max)
2.8.3
Humidity
2.8.3.1
Relative humidity
Operating:
5% to 95% noncondensing (30% per hour max)
Nonoperating:
5% to 95% noncondensing (30% per hour max)
2.8.3.2
Wet bulb temperature
Operating:
37.7°C (99.9°F max)
Nonoperating:
40°C (104°F max)
2.8.4
Altitude
Operating:
–304.8 m to 3,048 m (–1000 ft. to 10,000+ ft.)
Nonoperating:
–304.8 m to 12,192 m (–1000 ft. to 40,000+ ft.)
12
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
2.8.5
Shock
All shock specifications assume that the drive is mounted securely with the input shock applied at the drive
mounting screws. Shock may be applied in the X, Y or Z axis.
2.8.5.1
Operating shock
These drives comply with the performance levels specified in this document when subjected to a maximum
operating shock of 70 Gs based on half-sine shock pulses of 2 msec during read operations. Shocks should
not be repeated more than two times per second.
2.8.5.2
Nonoperating shock
1000 and 750 GB models
The nonoperating shock level that the drive can experience without incurring physical damage or degradation
in performance when subsequently put into operation is 300 Gs based on a nonrepetitive half-sine shock pulse
of 2 msec duration.
500 and 250GB models
The nonoperating shock level that the drive can experience without incurring physical damage or degradation
in performance when subsequently put into operation is 350 Gs based on a nonrepetitive half-sine shock pulse
of 2 msec duration.
2.8.6
Vibration
All vibration specifications assume that the drive is mounted securely with the input vibration applied at the
drive mounting screws. Vibration may be applied in the X, Y or Z axis.
2.8.6.1
Operating vibration
The maximum vibration levels that the drive may experience while meeting the performance standards specified in this document are specified below.
2–22 Hz
0.25 Gs (Limited displacement)
22–350 Hz
0.50 Gs
350–500 Hz
0.25 Gs
2.8.6.2
Nonoperating vibration
The maximum nonoperating vibration levels that the drive may experience without incurring physical damage
or degradation in performance when subsequently put into operation are specified below.
1000 GB, 750 GB and 500 GB models
5–22 Hz
2.0 Gs (limited displacement)
22–350 Hz
5.0 Gs
350–500 Hz
2.0 Gs
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
13
2.9
Acoustics
Drive acoustics are measured as overall A-weighted acoustic sound power levels (no pure tones). All measurements are consistent with ISO document 7779. Sound power measurements are taken under essentially
free-field conditions over a reflecting plane. For all tests, the drive is oriented with the cover facing upward.
Note. For seek mode tests, the drive is placed in seek mode only. The number of seeks per second is defined
by the following equation:
(Number of seeks per second = 0.4 / (average latency + average access time)
Table 5:
Fluid Dynamic Bearing (FDB) motor acoustics
All models
Idle*
Seek
2.6 bels (typ)
2.7 bels (max)
2.8 bels (typ)
3.0 bels (max)
*During periods of drive idle, some offline activity may occur according to the S.M.A.R.T. specification, which may increase acoustic and
power to operational levels.
2.9.1
Test for Prominent Discrete Tones (PDTs)
Seagate follows the ECMA-74 standards for measurement and identification of PDTs. An exception to this
process is the use of the absolute threshold of hearing. Seagate uses this threshold curve (originated in ISO
389-7) to discern tone audibility and to compensate for the inaudible components of sound prior to computation
of tone ratios according to Annex D of the ECMA-74 standards.
2.10
Electromagnetic immunity
When properly installed in a representative host system, the drive operates without errors or degradation in
performance when subjected to the radio frequency (RF) environments defined in the following table:
Table 6:
Radio frequency environments
Test
Description
Performance level
Reference standard
Electrostatic
discharge
Contact, HCP, VCP: ± 4 kV; Air: ± 8 kV
B
EN 61000-4-2: 95
Radiated RF
immunity
80 to 1,000 MHz, 3 V/m,
80% AM with 1 kHz sine
900 MHz, 3 V/m, 50% pulse modulation @ 200 Hz
A
EN 61000-4-3: 96
ENV 50204: 95
Electrical fast
transient
± 1 kV on AC mains, ± 0.5 kV on external I/O
B
EN 61000-4-4: 95
Surge immunity
± 1 kV differential, ± 2 kV common, AC mains
B
EN 61000-4-5: 95
Conducted RF
immunity
150 kHz to 80 MHz, 3 Vrms, 80% AM with 1 kHz sine A
EN 61000-4-6: 97
Voltage dips,
interrupts
0% open, 5 seconds
0% short, 5 seconds
40%, 0.10 seconds
70%, 0.01 seconds
EN 61000-4-11: 94
14
C
C
C
B
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
2.11
Reliability
2.11.1
Annualized Failure Rate (AFR) and Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF)
The product shall achieve an Annualized Failure Rate (AFR) of 0.32% (MTBF of 0.75 million hours) when operated in an environment of ambient air temperatures of 25°C. Operation at temperatures outside the specifications in Section 2.8 may increase the product AFR (decrease MTBF). AFR and MTBF are population statistics
that are not relevant to individual units.
AFR and MTBF specifications are based on the following assumptions for desktop personal computer environments:
• 2400 power-on-hours per year.
• 10,000 average motor start/stop cycles per year.
• Operations at nominal voltages.
• Temperatures outside the specifications in Section 2.8 may reduce the product reliability.
• Normal I/O duty cycle for desktop personal computers. Operation at excessive I/O duty cycle may degrade
product reliability.
The desktop personal computer environment of power-on-hours, temperature, and I/O duty cycle affect the
product AFR and MTBF. The AFR and MTBF will be degraded if used in an enterprise application
Nonrecoverable read errors
1 per 1014 bits read, max
Annualized Failure Rate (AFR)
0.32% (nominal power, 25°C ambient temperature)
Contact start-stop cycles
50,000 cycles
(at nominal voltage and temperature, with 60 cycles per hour and a 50% duty cycle)
Warranty
To determine the warranty for a specific drive, use a web browser to access the
following web page: support.seagate.com/customer/warranty_validation.jsp
From this page, click on the “Verify Your Warranty” link. You will be asked to provide
the drive serial number, model number (or part number) and country of purchase.
The system will display the warranty information for your drive.
Preventive maintenance
None required.
2.12
Agency certification
2.12.1
Safety certification
These products are certified to meet the requirements of UL60950-1, CSA60950-1 and EN60950 and so
marked as to the certify agency.
2.12.2
Electromagnetic compatibility
Hard drives that display the CE mark comply with the European Union (EU) requirements specified in the Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive (2004/108/EC) as put into place 20 July 2007. Testing is performed to the
levels specified by the product standards for Information Technology Equipment (ITE). Emission levels are
defined by EN 55022, Class B and the immunity levels are defined by EN 55024.
Drives are tested in representative end-user systems. Although CE-marked Seagate drives comply with the
directives when used in the test systems, we cannot guarantee that all systems will comply with the directives.
The drive is designed for operation inside a properly designed enclosure, with properly shielded I/O cable (if
necessary) and terminators on all unused I/O ports. Computer manufacturers and system integrators should
confirm EMC compliance and provide CE marking for their products.
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
15
Korean RRL
If these drives have the Korean Communications Commission (KCC) logo, they comply with paragraph 1 of
Article 11 of the Electromagnetic Compatibility control Regulation and meet the Electromagnetic Compatibility
(EMC) Framework requirements of the Radio Research Laboratory (RRL) Communications Commission,
Republic of Korea.
These drives have been tested and comply with the Electromagnetic Interference/Electromagnetic
Susceptibility (EMI/EMS) for Class B products. Drives are tested in a representative, end-user system by a
Korean-recognized lab.
• Family name: DiamondMax 23
• Certificate number: STX-720012 (B)
Australian C-Tick (N176)
If these models have the C-Tick marking, they comply with the Australia/New Zealand Standard AS/NZ
CISPR22 and meet the Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Framework requirements of the Australian
Communication Authority (ACA).
2.12.3
FCC verification
These drives are intended to be contained solely within a personal computer or similar enclosure (not attached
as an external device). As such, each drive is considered to be a subassembly even when it is individually
marketed to the customer. As a subassembly, no Federal Communications Commission verification or
certification of the device is required.
Seagate has tested this device in enclosures as described above to ensure that the total assembly (enclosure,
disk drive, motherboard, power supply, etc.) does comply with the limits for a Class B computing device,
pursuant to Subpart J, Part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation with noncertified assemblies is likely to result in
interference to radio and television reception.
Radio and television interference. This equipment generates and uses radio frequency energy and if not
installed and used in strict accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions, may cause interference to radio
and television reception.
This equipment is designed to provide reasonable protection against such interference in a residential
installation. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this
equipment does cause interference to radio or television, which can be determined by turning the equipment
on and off, you are encouraged to try one or more of the following corrective measures:
• Reorient the receiving antenna.
• Move the device to one side or the other of the radio or TV.
• Move the device farther away from the radio or TV.
• Plug the computer into a different outlet so that the receiver and computer are on different branch outlets.
If necessary, you should consult your dealer or an experienced radio/television technician for additional
suggestions. You may find helpful the following booklet prepared by the Federal Communications Commission:
How to Identify and Resolve Radio-Television Interference Problems. This booklet is available from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402. Refer to publication number 004-000-00345-4.
16
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
2.13
Environmental protection
Seagate designs its products to meet environmental protection requirements worldwide, including regulations
restricting certain chemical substances.
2.13.1
European Union Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive
A new law, the European Union Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive, restricts the presence
of chemical substances, including Lead, Cadmium, Mercury, Hexavalent Chromium, PBB and PBDE, in electronic products, effective July 2006. This drive is manufactured with components and materials that comply
with the RoHS Directive.
2.13.2
China Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive 中国限制危险物品的指令
This product has an Environmental Protection Use Period (EPUP) of 20 years. The following
table contains information mandated by China's "Marking Requirements for Control of Pollution
Caused by Electronic Information Products" Standard.
"O" indicates the hazardous and toxic substance content of the part (at the homogenous material level) is lower
than the threshold defined by the China RoHS MCV Standard.
“O”表示该部件(于同类物品程度上)所含的危险和有毒物质低于中国RoHS MCV标准所定义的门槛值。
"X" indicates the hazardous and toxic substance content of the part (at the homogenous material level) is over
the threshold defined by the China RoHS MCV Standard.
“X”表示该部件(于同类物品程度上)所含的危险和有毒物质超出中国RoHS MCV标准所定义的门槛值。
2.14
Corrosive environment
Seagate electronic drive components pass accelerated corrosion testing equivalent to 10 years exposure to
light industrial environments containing sulfurous gases, chlorine and nitric oxide, classes G and H per ASTM
B845. However, this accelerated testing cannot duplicate every potential application environment. Users
should use caution exposing any electronic components to uncontrolled chemical pollutants and corrosive
chemicals as electronic drive component reliability can be affected by the installation environment. The silver,
copper, nickel and gold films used in Seagate products are especially sensitive to the presence of sulfide, chloride, and nitrate contaminants. Sulfur is found to be the most damaging. In addition, electronic components
should never be exposed to condensing water on the surface of the printed circuit board assembly (PCBA) or
exposed to an ambient relative humidity greater than 95%. Materials used in cabinet fabrication, such as vulcanized rubber, that can outgas corrosive compounds should be minimized or eliminated. The useful life of any
electronic equipment may be extended by replacing materials near circuitry with sulfide-free alternatives.
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
17
18
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
3.0
Configuring and mounting the drive
This section contains the specifications and instructions for configuring and mounting the drive.
3.1
Handling and static-discharge precautions
After unpacking, and before installation, the drive may be exposed to potential handling and electrostatic discharge (ESD) hazards. Observe the following standard handling and static-discharge precautions:
Caution:
• Before handling the drive, put on a grounded wrist strap, or ground yourself frequently by touching the metal
chassis of a computer that is plugged into a grounded outlet. Wear a grounded wrist strap throughout the entire
installation procedure.
• Handle the drive by its edges or frame only.
• The drive is extremely fragile—handle it with care. Do not press down on the drive top cover.
• Always rest the drive on a padded, antistatic surface until you mount it in the computer.
• Do not touch the connector pins or the printed circuit board.
• Do not remove the factory-installed labels from the drive or cover them with additional labels. Removal voids
the warranty. Some factory-installed labels contain information needed to service the drive. Other labels are
used to seal out dirt and contamination.
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
19
3.2
Configuring the drive
Each drive on the Serial ATA interface connects point-to-point with the Serial ATA host adapter. There is no
master/slave relationship because each drive is considered a master in a point-to-point relationship. If two
drives are attached on one Serial ATA host adapter, the host operating system views the two devices as if they
were both “masters” on two separate ports. Both drives behave as if they are Device 0 (master) devices.
Serial ATA drives are designed for easy installation. It is usually not necessary to set any jumpers on the drive
for proper operation; however, if you connect the drive and receive a “drive not detected” error, your SATAequipped motherboard or host adapter may use a chipset that does not support SATA speed autonegotiation. If
you have a motherboard or host adapter that does not support autonegotiation:
• Install a jumper as shown in Figure 1 below to limit the data transfer rate to 1.5 Gbits per second (and leave
the drive connected to the SATA-equipped motherboard or host adapter that doesn’t support autonegotiation)
or
• Install a SATA host adapter that supports autonegotiation, leave the drive jumper block set to “Normal
operation” (see Figure 1 below), and connect the drive to that adapter. This option has the benefit of not limiting
the drive to a 1.5 Gbits/sec transfer rate.
3.0 Gbits per second operation
Limit data transfer rate to
1.5 Gbits per second
Jumper block
SATA power connector
SATA interface connector
Figure 1. Serial ATA connectors
3.3
Serial ATA cables and connectors
The Serial ATA interface cable consists of four conductors in two differential pairs, plus three ground connections. The cable size may be 30 to 26 AWG with a maximum length of one meter (39.37 inches). See Table 7
for connector pin definitions. Either end of the SATA signal cable can be attached to the drive or host.
For direct backplane connection, the drive connectors are inserted directly into the host receptacle. The drive
and the host receptacle incorporate features that enable the direct connection to be hot pluggable and blind
mateable.
For installations which require cables, you can connect the drive as illustrated in Figure 2.
Signal connector
Power connector
Signal cable
Power cable
Figure 2. Attaching SATA cabling
Each cable is keyed to ensure correct orientation. DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA drives support latching SATA
connectors.
20
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
3.4
Drive mounting
You can mount the drive in any orientation using four screws in the side-mounting holes or four screws in the
bottom-mounting holes. See Figure 3 for drive mounting dimensions. Follow these important mounting precautions when mounting the drive:
• Allow a minimum clearance of 0.030 inches (0.76 mm) around the entire perimeter of the drive for cooling.
• Use only 6-32 UNC mounting screws.
• The screws should be inserted no more than 0.150 inch (3.81 mm) into the bottom or side mounting holes.
• Do not overtighten the mounting screws (maximum torque: 6 inch-lb).
Recommended
case temperature
measurement location
Figure 3. Mounting dimensions (1000 and 750 GB models)
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
21
Recommended
case temperature
measurement location
Figure 4. Mounting dimensions (500 and 250 GB models)
22
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
4.0
Serial ATA (SATA) interface
These drives use the industry-standard Serial ATA interface that supports FIS data transfers. It supports ATA
programmed input/output (PIO) modes 0–4; multiword DMA modes 0–2, and Ultra DMA modes 0–6.
For detailed information about the Serial ATA interface, refer to the “Serial ATA: High Speed Serialized AT
Attachment” specification.
4.1
Hot-Plug compatibility
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA drives incorporate connectors which enable you to hot plug these drives in accordance with the Serial ATA Revision 2.6 specification. This specification can be downloaded from www.serialio.org.
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
23
4.2
Serial ATA device plug connector pin definitions
Table 7 summarizes the signals on the Serial ATA interface and power connectors..
Table 7:
Segment
Signal
Serial ATA connector pin definitions
Pin
Function
Definition
S1
Ground
2nd mate
S2
A+
Differential signal pair A from Phy
S3
A-
S4
Ground
2nd mate
S5
B-
Differential signal pair B from Phy
S6
B+
S7
Ground
2nd mate
Key and spacing separate signal and power segments
Power
P1
V33
3.3V power
P2
V33
3.3V power
P3
V33
3.3V power, pre-charge, 2nd mate
P4
Ground
1st mate
P5
Ground
2nd mate
P6
Ground
2nd mate
P7
V5
5V power, pre-charge, 2nd mate
P8
V5
5V power
P9
V5
5V power
P10
Ground
2nd mate
P11
Ground or LED signal
If grounded, drive does not use deferred spin
P12
Ground
1st mate.
P13
V12
12V power, pre-charge, 2nd mate
P14
V12
12V power
P15
V12
12V power
Notes:
1. All pins are in a single row, with a 1.27 mm (0.050”) pitch.
2. The comments on the mating sequence apply to the case of backplane blindmate connector only. In this
case, the mating sequences are:
• the ground pins P4 and P12.
• the pre-charge power pins and the other ground pins.
• the signal pins and the rest of the power pins.
3. There are three power pins for each voltage. One pin from each voltage is used for pre-charge when
installed in a blind-mate backplane configuration.
4. All used voltage pins (Vx) must be terminated.
24
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
4.3
Supported ATA commands
The following table lists Serial ATA standard commands that the drive supports. For a detailed description of
the ATA commands, refer to the Serial ATA International Organization: Serial ATA Revision 2.6 (http://
www.sata-io.org). See “S.M.A.R.T. commands” on page 32 for details and subcommands used in the
S.M.A.R.T. implementation.
Table 8:
Supported ATA commands
Command name
Command code (in hex)
Check Power Mode
E5H
Device Configuration Freeze Lock
B1H / C1H
Device Configuration Identify
B1H / C2H
Device Configuration Restore
B1H / C0H
Device Configuration Set
B1H / C3H
Device Reset
08H
Download Microcode
92H
Execute Device Diagnostics
90H
Flush Cache
E7H
Flush Cache Extended
EAH
Format Track
50H
Identify Device
ECH
Idle
E3H
Idle Immediate
E1H
Initialize Device Parameters
91H
Read Buffer
E4H
Read DMA
C8H
Read DMA Extended
25H
Read DMA Without Retries
C9H
Read Log Ext
2FH
Read Multiple
C4H
Read Multiple Extended
29H
Read Native Max Address
F8H
Read Native Max Address Extended
27H
Read Sectors
20H
Read Sectors Extended
24H
Read Sectors Without Retries
21H
Read Verify Sectors
40H
Read Verify Sectors Extended
42H
Read Verify Sectors Without Retries
41H
Recalibrate
10H
Security Disable Password
F6H
Security Erase Prepare
F3H
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
25
Command name
Command code (in hex)
Security Erase Unit
F4H
Security Freeze
F5H
Security Set Password
F1H
Security Unlock
F2H
Seek
70H
Set Features
EFH
Set Max Address
F9H
Note: Individual Set Max Address
commands are identified by the value
placed in the Set Max Features register as defined to the right.
Address:
Password:
Lock:
Unlock:
Freeze Lock:
Set Max Address Extended
37H
Set Multiple Mode
C6H
Sleep
E6H
S.M.A.R.T. Disable Operations
B0H / D9H
S.M.A.R.T. Enable/Disable Autosave
B0H / D2H
S.M.A.R.T. Enable Operations
B0H / D8H
S.M.A.R.T. Execute Offline
B0H / D4H
S.M.A.R.T. Read Attribute Thresholds
B0H / D1H
S.M.A.R.T. Read Data
B0H / D0H
S.M.A.R.T. Read Log Sector
B0H / D5H
S.M.A.R.T. Return Status
B0H / DAH
S.M.A.R.T. Save Attribute Values
B0H / D3H
S.M.A.R.T. Write Log Sector
B0H / D6H
Standby
E2H
Standby Immediate
E0H
Write Buffer
E8H
Write DMA
CAH
Write DMA Extended
35H
Write DMA FUA Extended
CDH
Write DMA Without Retries
CBH
Write Log Extended
3FH
Write Multiple
C5H
Write Multiple Extended
39H
Write Multiple FUA Extended
CEH
Write Sectors
30H
Write Sectors Without Retries
31H
Write Sectors Extended
34H
26
00H
01H
02H
03H
04H
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
4.3.1
Identify Device command
The Identify Device command (command code ECH) transfers information about the drive to the host following
power up. The data is organized as a single 512-byte block of data, whose contents are shown in Table 8 on
page 25. All reserved bits or words should be set to zero. Parameters listed with an “x” are drive-specific or
vary with the state of the drive. See Section 2.0 on page 3 for default parameter settings.
The following commands contain drive-specific features that may not be included in the Serial ATA specification.
Word
Description
Value
0
Configuration information:
• Bit 15: 0 = ATA; 1 = ATAPI
• Bit 7: removable media
• Bit 6: removable controller
• Bit 0: reserved
0C5AH
1
Number of logical cylinders
16,383
2
ATA-reserved
0000H
3
Number of logical heads
16
4
Retired
0000H
5
Retired
0000H
6
Number of logical sectors per logical track: 63
003FH
7–9
Retired
0000H
10–19
Serial number: (20 ASCII characters, 0000H = none)
ASCII
20
Retired
0000H
21
Retired
0400H
22
Obsolete
0000H
23–26
Firmware revision (8 ASCII character string, padded with blanks to
end of string)
x.xx
27–46
Drive model number: (40 ASCII characters, padded with blanks to
end of string)
47
(Bits 7–0) Maximum sectors per interrupt on Read multiple and
Write multiple (16)
8010H
48
Reserved
0000H
49
Standard Standby timer, IORDY supported and may be disabled
2F00H
50
ATA-reserved
0000H
51
PIO data-transfer cycle timing mode
0200H
52
Retired
0200H
53
Words 54–58, 64–70 and 88 are valid
0007H
54
Number of current logical cylinders
xxxxH
55
Number of current logical heads
xxxxH
56
Number of current logical sectors per logical track
xxxxH
57–58
Current capacity in sectors
xxxxH
59
Number of sectors transferred during a Read Multiple or Write Multiple command
xxxxH
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
27
Word
Description
Value
60–61
Total number of user-addressable LBA sectors available
(see Section 2.1 for related information)
*Note: The maximum value allowed in this field is: 0FFFFFFFh
(268,435,455 sectors, 137 Gbytes). Drives with capacities over 137
Gbytes will have 0FFFFFFFh in this field and the actual number of
user-addressable LBAs specified in words 100-103. This is required
for drives that support the 48-bit addressing feature.
0FFFFFFFh*
62
Retired
0000H
63
Multiword DMA active and modes supported (see note following this
table)
xx07H
64
Advanced PIO modes supported (modes 3 and 4 supported)
0003H
65
Minimum multiword DMA transfer cycle time per word (120 nsec)
0078H
66
Recommended multiword DMA transfer cycle time per word (120
nsec)
0078H
67
Minimum PIO cycle time without IORDY flow control (240 nsec)
00F0H
68
Minimum PIO cycle time with IORDY flow control (120 nsec)
0078H
69–74
ATA-reserved
0000H
75
Queue depth
0000H
76
Serial ATA capabilities
xxxxH
77
Reserved for future Serial ATA definition
xxxxH
78
Serial ATA features supported
xxxxH
79
Serial ATA features enabled
xxxxH
80
Major version number
003EH
81
Minor version number
0000H
82
Command sets supported
364BH
83
Command sets supported
7C03H
84
Command sets support extension (see note following this table)
4003H See Word 108-111 note.
(4003H = 0100000000000011
binary)
85
Command sets enabled
30xxH
86
Command sets enabled
0001H
87
Command sets enable extension
4000H
88
Ultra DMA support and current mode (see note following this table)
xx3FH
89
Security erase time
0000H
90
Enhanced security erase time
0000H
92
Master password revision code
FFFEH
93
Hardware reset value
xxxxH
95–99
ATA-reserved
0000H
100–103
Total number of user-addressable LBA sectors available (see Section 2.1 for related information). These words are required for drives
that support the 48-bit addressing feature. Maximum value:
0000FFFFFFFFFFFFh.
STM31000528AS = 1,953,525,168
STM3750528AS = 1,465,149,168
STM3500418AS =
976,773,168
STM3250318AS =
488,397,168
104–107
ATA-reserved
0000H
28
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
Word
Description
Value
108–111
The mandatory value of the world wide name (WWN) for the drive.
NOTE: This field is valid if word 84, bit 8 is set to 1 indicating 64-bit
WWN support.
Each drive will have a unique
value.
112–127
ATA-reserved
0000H
128
Security status
0001H
129–159
Seagate-reserved
xxxxH
160–254
ATA-reserved
0000H
255
Integrity word
xxA5H
Note.
Advanced Power Management (APM) and Automatic Acoustic Management (AAM) features are not supported
Note.
See the bit descriptions below for words 63, 84, and 88 of the Identify Drive data.
Description (if bit is set to 1)
Bit
Word 63
0
Multiword DMA mode 0 is supported.
1
Multiword DMA mode 1 is supported.
2
Multiword DMA mode 2 is supported.
8
Multiword DMA mode 0 is currently active.
9
Multiword DMA mode 1 is currently active.
10
Multiword DMA mode 2 is currently active.
Bit
Word 84
0
SMART error loggin is supported.
1
SMART self-test is supported.
2
Media serial number is supported.
3
Media Card Pass Through Command feature set is supported.
4
Streaming feature set is supported.
5
GPL feature set is supported.
6
WRITE DMA FUA EXT and WRITE MULTIPLE FUA EXT commands are supported.
7
WRITE DMA QUEUED FUA EXT command is supported.
8
64-bit World Wide Name is supported.
9-10
Obsolete.
11-12
Reserved for TLC.
13
IDLE IMMEDIATE command with IUNLOAD faeture is supported.
14
Shall be set to 1.
15
Shall be cleared to 0.
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
29
30
Bit
Word 88
0
Ultra DMA mode 0 is supported.
1
Ultra DMA mode 1 is supported.
2
Ultra DMA mode 2 is supported.
3
Ultra DMA mode 3 is supported.
4
Ultra DMA mode 4 is supported.
5
Ultra DMA mode 5 is supported.
6
Ultra DMA mode 6 is supported.
8
Ultra DMA mode 0 is currently active.
9
Ultra DMA mode 1 is currently active.
10
Ultra DMA mode 2 is currently active.
11
Ultra DMA mode 3 is currently active.
12
Ultra DMA mode 4 is currently active.
13
Ultra DMA mode 5 is currently active.
14
Ultra DMA mode 6 is currently active.
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
4.3.2
Set Features command
This command controls the implementation of various features that the drive supports. When the drive receives
this command, it sets BSY, checks the contents of the Features register, clears BSY and generates an interrupt. If the value in the register does not represent a feature that the drive supports, the command is aborted.
Power-on default has the read look-ahead and write caching features enabled. The acceptable values for the
Features register are defined as follows:
Table 9:
Set Features command values
02H
Enable write cache (default).
03H
Set transfer mode (based on value in Sector Count register).
Sector Count register values:
00H Set PIO mode to default (PIO mode 2).
01H Set PIO mode to default and disable IORDY (PIO mode 2).
08H PIO mode 0
09H PIO mode 1
0AH PIO mode 2
0BH PIO mode 3
0CH PIO mode 4 (default)
20H Multiword DMA mode 0
21H Multiword DMA mode 1
22H Multiword DMA mode 2
40H Ultra DMA mode 0
41H Ultra DMA mode 1
42H Ultra DMA mode 2
43H Ultra DMA mode 3
44H Ultra DMA mode 4
45H Ultra DMA mode 5
46H Ultra DMA mode 6
10H
Enable use of SATA features
55H
Disable read look-ahead (read cache) feature.
82H
Disable write cache
90H
Disable use of SATA features
AAH
Enable read look-ahead (read cache) feature (default).
F1H
Report full capacity available
Note.
At power-on, or after a hardware or software reset, the default values of the features are as indicated above.
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
31
4.3.3
S.M.A.R.T. commands
S.M.A.R.T. provides near-term failure prediction for disk drives. When S.M.A.R.T. is enabled, the drive monitors predetermined drive attributes that are susceptible to degradation over time. If self-monitoring determines
that a failure is likely, S.M.A.R.T. makes a status report available to the host. Not all failures are predictable.
S.M.A.R.T. predictability is limited to the attributes the drive can monitor. For more information on S.M.A.R.T.
commands and implementation, see the Draft ATA-5 Standard.
SeaTools diagnostic software activates a built-in drive self-test (DST S.M.A.R.T. command for D4H) that eliminates unnecessary drive returns. The diagnostic software ships with all new drives and is also available at:
http://seatools.seagate.com.
This drive is shipped with S.M.A.R.T. features disabled. You must have a recent BIOS or software package that
supports S.M.A.R.T. to enable this feature. The table below shows the S.M.A.R.T. command codes that the
drive uses.
Table 10:
S.M.A.R.T. commands
Code in features register
S.M.A.R.T. command
D0H
S.M.A.R.T. Read Data
D2H
S.M.A.R.T. Enable/Disable Attribute Autosave
D3H
S.M.A.R.T. Save Attribute Values
D4H
S.M.A.R.T. Execute Off-line Immediate (runs DST)
D5H
S.M.A.R.T. Read Log Sector
D6H
S.M.A.R.T. Write Log Sector
D8H
S.M.A.R.T. Enable Operations
D9H
S.M.A.R.T. Disable Operations
DAH
S.M.A.R.T. Return Status
Note.
32
If an appropriate code is not written to the Features Register, the command is aborted and 0x 04
(abort) is written to the Error register.
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
5.0
Seagate Technology support services
Online services
IInternet
For information regarding Seagate products and services, visit www.seagate.com.
Worldwide support is available 24 hours daily by email for your questions.
Presales Support:
Presales@Seagate.com
Technical Support:
DiscSupport@Seagate.com
Warranty Support:
http://www.seagate.com/www/en-us/support/warranty_&_returns_assistance
mySeagate
my.seagate.com is the industry's first Web portal designed specifically for OEMs and distributors. It provides
self-service access to critical applications, personalized content and the tools that allow our partners to manage their Seagate account functions. Submit pricing requests, orders and returns through a single, passwordprotected Web interface-anytime, anywhere in the world.
spp.seagate.com
spp.seagate.com supports Seagate resellers with product information, program benefits and sales tools. You
may register for customized communications that are not available on the web. These communications contain
product launch, EOL, pricing, promotions and other channel-related information. To learn more about the benefits or to register, go to spp.seagate.com, any time, from anywhere in the world.
Global Customer Support
Presales Support
Our Presales Support staff can help you determine which Seagate products are best suited for your specific
application or computer system, as well as product availability and compatibility.
Technical Support
Seagate technical support is available to assist you online at support.seagate.com or through one of our call
centers. Have your system configuration information and your "ST" model/product number available.
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
33
Customer Service Operations
Warranty Service
Seagate offers worldwide customer support for Seagate products. Seagate distributors, OEMs and other direct
customers should contact their Seagate Customer Service Operations (CSO) representative for warrantyrelated issues. Resellers or end users of drive products should contact their place of purchase or Seagate warranty service for assistance. Have your serial number and model or part number available.
Data Recovery Services
Seagate offers data recovery services for all formats and all brands of storage media. Our data recovery services labs are currently located throughout the world. . Additional information, including an online request form
and data loss prevention resources, is available at http://services.seagate.com/index.aspx.
Authorized Service Centers
Seagate Service Centers are available on a global basis for the return of defective products.
See www.seagate.com for the service center near you.
USA/Canada/Latin America support services
For an extensive list of telephone numbers to technical support, presales and warranty service in USA/
Canada/Latin America, including business hours, go to the "Contact Us" page on www.seagate.com.
Global Customer Support
Presales, Technical, and Warranty Support
Call Center
Toll-free
USA, Canada,
and Mexico
1-800-SEAGATE
Data Recovery Services
Call Center
USA, Canada,
and Mexico
Toll-free
1-800-475-0143
Direct dial
+1-405-324-4700
Direct dial
+1-905-474-2162
FAX
1-800-475-0158
+1-905-474-2459
Europe, the Middle East and Africa Support Services
For an extensive list of telephone numbers to technical support, presales and warranty service in Europe, the
Middle East and Africa, go to the "Contact Us" page on www.seagate.com.
Asia/Pacific Support Services
For an extensive list of telephone numbers to technical support, presales and warranty service in Asia/Pacific,
go to the "Contact Us" page on www.seagate.com.
34
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
Index
A
ACA 16
acceleration 13
acoustics 14
Active 11
Active mode 11
AFR 15
Agency certification 15
altitude 12
Ambient temperature 12
ambient temperature 9, 10
Annualized Failure Rate 15
Annualized Failure Rate (AFR) 15
areal density 1, 8
ATA commands 25
Australia/New Zealand Standard AS/NZ CISPR22 16
Australian Communication Authority (ACA) 16
Australian C-Tick 16
Average latency 9
Average seek time 9
B
buffer 9
C
cables and connectors 20
cache 9
capacity 8
case temperature 12
CE mark 15
certification 15
Check Power Mode 25
China RoHS directive 17
compatibility 15
Conducted noise 11
Conducted RF immunity 14
Configuring the drive 19
connectors 20
Corrosive environment 17
CSA60950-1 15
cycles 15
Cylinders 8
D
data-transfer rates 1
DC power 10
Default logical geometry 8
density 8
Device Configuration Freeze Lock 25
Device Configuration Identify 25
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
Device Configuration Restore 25
Device Configuration Set 25
Device Reset 25
dimensions 21, 22
dissipation 10
Download Microcode 25
duty cycle 15
E
Electrical fast transient 14
Electromagnetic compatibility 15
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) 16
Electromagnetic Compatibility control Regulation 16
Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive (2004/108/
EC) 15
Electromagnetic immunity 14
Electrostatic discharge 14
electrostatic discharge (ESD) 19
EN 55022, Class B 15
EN 55024 15
EN60950 15
enclosures 16
Environmental specifications 12
EPRML 1
error-correction algorithms 1
errors 15
ESD 19
EU 15
EU RoHS directive 17
European Union (EU) requirements 15
Execute Device Diagnostics 25
F
FCC verification 16
features 1
Flush Cache 25
Flush Cache Extended 25
Format Track 25
Formatted capacity 8
G
geometry 8
Gs 13
guaranteed sectors 8
H
Handling precautions 19
heads 8
height 9
humidity 12
I
I/O data-transfer rate 8
35
I/O duty cycle 15
Identify Device 25
Identify Device command 27
Idle 11, 25
Idle Immediate 25
Idle mode 10, 11
Information Technology Equipment (ITE) 15
Initialize Device Parameters 25
Input noise ripple 11
input voltage 10
interface 8, 23
interference 16
internal data-transfer rate OD 8
is 9
ISO document 7779 14
ITE 15
K
KCC 16
Korean Communications Commission 16
Korean RRL 16
L
latency 9
LBA mode 8
length 9
logical geometry 8
M
maintenance 15
master/slave 2
Mean Time Between Failures 15
mounting 21
mounting screws 13
mounting the drive 19
MTBF 15
N
noise 11
nominal power 9
Nonoperating shock 13
Nonoperating vibration 13
Nonrecoverable read errors 15
O
operating 10
Operating power 10
Operating shock 13
Operating vibration 13
P
Physical characteristics 9
36
point-to-point 2, 20
Power consumption 10
power dissipation 10
Power modes 11
Power specifications 10
Power-management modes 11
Power-on to Ready 9
power-on-hours 15
precautions 19
printed circuit board 19
programmable power management 11
prominent discrete tone 14
Q
quick reference 3
R
Radiated RF immunity 14
radio and television interference 16
radio frequency (RF) 14
random seeks 10
Read Buffer 25
Read DMA 25
Read DMA Extended 25
Read DMA without Retries 25
read errors 15
Read Log Ext 25
Read Multiple 25
Read Multiple Extended 25
Read Native Max Address 25
Read Native Max Address Extended 25
Read Sectors 25
Read Sectors Extended 25
Read Sectors Without Retries 25
Read Verify Sectors 25
Read Verify Sectors Extended 25
Read Verify Sectors Without Retries 25
Read/write heads 8
Read/write power 10
Recalibrate 25
recording density 8
recording method 8
Recording technology 8
relative humidity 12
Reliability 15
RF 14
RMS read/write current 11
RoHS 17
RRL 16
S
S.M.A.R.T. Disable Operations 26
S.M.A.R.T. Enable Operations 26
S.M.A.R.T. Enable/Disable Autosave 26
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
S.M.A.R.T. Execute Offline 26
S.M.A.R.T. implementation 25
S.M.A.R.T. Read Attribute Thresholds 26
S.M.A.R.T. Read Data 26
S.M.A.R.T. Read Log Sector 26
S.M.A.R.T. Return Status 26
S.M.A.R.T. Save Attribute Values 26
S.M.A.R.T. Write Log sector 26
Safety certification 15
SATA 23
screws 13
sectors 8
Sectors per track 8
Security Disable Password 25
Security Erase Prepare 25
Security Erase Unit 26
Security Freeze 26
Security Set Password 26
Security Unlock 26
Seek 26
Seek time 9
Serial ATA (SATA) interface 23
serial ATA ports 2
servo electronics 10
Set Features 26
Set Max Address 26
Set Max Address Extended 26
Set Multiple Mode 26
Shock 13
single-track seeks 9
Sleep 10, 11, 26
Sleep mode 11
sound 14
Specification summary table 3
spindle speed 8
Spinup 10
Spinup power 10
Standby 10, 11, 26
Standby Immediate 26
Standby mode 10, 11
standby timer 11
Standby to Ready 9
Start/stop times 9
start-stop cycles 15
static-discharge 19
subassembly 16
support services 33
Surge immunity 14
track density 8
Track-to-track 9
Track-to-track seek time 9
tunneling magnetoresistive (TMR) recording heads 1
U
UL60950-1 15
V
Vibration 13
voltage 10
Voltage dips, interrupts 14
Voltage tolerance 11
W
Warranty 15
weight 9
wet bulb temperature 12
width 9
Write Buffer 26
Write DMA 26
Write DMA Extended 26
Write DMA FUA Extended 26
Write DMA Without Retries 26
Write Log Extended 26
Write Multiple 26
Write Multiple Extended 26
Write Multiple FUA Extended 26
Write Sectors 26
Write Sectors Extended 26
Write Sectors Without Retries 26
T
technical support services 33
temperature 9, 12
temperature gradient 12
timer 11
timers 11
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
37
38
DiamondMax 23 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. B
Seagate Technology LLC
920 Disc Drive, Scotts Valley, California 95066-4544, USA
Publication Number: 100539323, Rev. B, Printed in U.S.A.
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