model sr620 - Rutgers Physics
MODEL SR620
Universal Time Interval Counter
1290-D Reamwood Avenue
Sunnyvale, California 94089
Phone: (408) 744-9040 • Fax: (408) 744-9049
email: info@thinkSRS.com • www.thinkSRS.com
Copyright © 1989 by SRS, Inc.
All Rights Reserved.
Revision 2.7 (2/2006)
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Table of Contents
i
Table of Contents
Condensed Information
Safety and Use
SRS Symbols
Specifications
Abridged Command List
v
vi
vii
xi
Operation
Width Arming
WIDTH:+TIME
WIDTH:+TIME, EXT
WIDTH:+TIME, EXT with HLDF
13
13
13
13
Rise and Fall Time Arming
RISE/FALL: +TIME
RISE/FALL: EXT
13
13
13
Quick Start Instructions
Instrument Overview
1
2
Frequency Arming
Frequency Ratio
14
14
Front Panel Operation
3
Period Arming
Period Ratio
14
14
Phase Arming
14
Count Arming
Count Ratio
15
15
Delayed Arming Modes
15
Choosing the Measurement
Setting the Mode
Setting the Source
Setting the Arming Mode
Setting the Number of Samples
Starting Measurements
Arming Mode Summary
3
3
3
3
3
3
4
Choosing the Output Display
Setting the Front Panel Display
Graphics Outputs
Graph Types
Scaling Graphs
Graphics Cursor
Graphics Zoom
Hardcopy Output
Chart Outputs
5
5
6
6
6
6
6
7
7
Setting the Inputs
Setting Trigger Levels
Setting Trigger Slopes
Input Termination
UHF Prescalers
Input Coupling
Reference Output
Timebase Input and Output
DVM Inputs
9
9
9
9
9
10
10
10
10
Sample Arming
11
TIME Mode
11
Time Interval Arming
+TIME
+TIME, EXT
+TIME, EXT with HOLDOFF
+/-TIME
+/-TIME, EXT
11
11
12
12
12
12
Configuration Menus
17
CONTROL Menu
GPIB Parameters
RS232 Parameters
17
17
17
CALIBRATION Menu
AutoCal
Clock Source
17
18
18
OUTPUT Menu
Graphics Enable
Printer/Plotter Control
Jitter Type Selection
Gate Scale Multiplier
Trigger Knob Range
18
18
18
19
19
19
SCAN Menu
Enabling Scans
Setting D/A outputs
Scanning the D/A's
External Trigger Delays
Scan Examples
19
19
20
20
20
20
Specification Guide
Definition of Terms
Least Significant Digit
Resolution
Error
Differential Non-linearity
23
23
23
23
23
23
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
ii
Table of Contents
Timebase Specifications
Short-Term Stability
Long-Term Stability
External Timebases
24
24
24
25
Trigger Input Specifications
25
Measurement Accuracy
26
Programming
Programming the SR620
29
Communications
GPIB Communication
RS-232 Communication
Data Window
29
29
29
29
Command Syntax
29
Detailed Command List
Trigger Commands
Measurement Control
Data Transmission
Binary Dump
Scan Control
Graphics Control
Front Panel Control
Interface Control
Status Reporting
Calibration Commands
Serial Poll Status Byte
Event Status Byte
TIC Status Byte
Error Status Byte
30
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
39
39
40
41
41
41
Programming Examples
BASIC and RS-232
FORTRAN/National Instruments
BASIC/GPIB/Binary Dump
FORTRAN/GPIB/Binary Dump
C/GPIB/Binary Dump
43
44
45
46
48
52
Scope Display Problems
Printer and Plotter Problems
GPIB Interface Problems
RS-232 Interface Problems
Performance Tests
58
58
58
59
61
Necessary Equipment
61
Functional Tests
Front Panel Test
Self-Test
Trigger Input Tests
Counter Channel Tests
Rear Panel Tests
61
61
61
61
62
62
Performance Tests
Timebase Frequency
Accuracy
Time Interval
Trigger Sensitivity
Trigger Accuracy
D/A Output Accuracy
DVM Input Accuracy
63
63
63
63
63
64
64
64
Test Scorecard
67
Calibration
69
Overview
69
Calibration Bytes
69
Simple Calibration
70
Complete Calibration
Trigger Input Calibration
Clock Oscillator Calibration
Insertion Delay Calibration
D/A Output Calibration
DVM Input Calibration
70
70
71
71
72
73
SR620 Circuitry
Test and Calibration
Troubleshooting Tips
Troubleshooting
Power-up Error Messages
CAL Error Messages
Common Operational Problems
Error Messages
Error Indicators
Wrong Value
Excessive Jitter
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
57
57
57
57
57
57
58
58
58
Circuit Description
Processor System
GPIB Interface
Printer Interface
RS-232 Interface
Scope Display
Counter Input Ports
Display Control Ports
Front-End Status Bits
ADC and DAC Control Bits
REF OUT
Delay and Gate Generator
75
75
75
75
76
76
76
76
77
77
78
78
Table of Contents
Timebase
Front-End Inputs
Trigger Multiplexers
Frequency Gates
Event Gating
Counting Channels
Fast Time Interval Logic
Time Interval Arming
Time Integrators
Analog to Digital Converter
Autolevel Circuits
Digital to Analog Converter
Unregulated Power Supplies
Power Supply Regulators
Power Supply Bypass
Front Panel Display PCB
Component Parts List
Schematic Circuit Diagrams
Front/Rear Panel Summary
Counter Visual Index
Microprocessor System
GPIB/RS232/Printer Interfaces
Scope Graphics Controller
I/O Ports and LED Drivers
Analog and ECL I/O
Slow Counters and REF OUT
Fast Clocks and Timebase
Front-End Input Comparators
ECL Mpx/Freq Gating/Counters
Fast Time Interval Logic
Time Interpolators
A/D, D/A and Threshold pots
Unregulated Power Supplies
Power Supply Regulators
Spares and Decoupling
Front Panel Display PCB
Component Placement on PCB
iii
79
79
80
80
81
81
82
82
83
83
83
84
84
84
85
85
87
Sheet No.
1/16
2/16
3/16
4/16
5/16
6/16
7/16
8/16
9/16
10/16
11/16
12/16
13/16
14/16
15/16
16/16
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
iv
Table of Contents
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Safety and Preparation for Use
v
Safety and Preparation for Use
WARNING: Dangerous voltages, capable of causing death, are present in this instrument.
Use extreme caution whenever the instrument covers are removed.
This instrument may be damaged if operated
with the LINE VOLTAGE SELECTOR set for the
wrong ac line voltage or if the wrong fuse is
installed.
LINE FUSE
Verify that the correct line fuse is installed before
connecting the line cord. For 100V/120V, use a 1
Amp fuse and for 220V/240V, use a 1/2 Amp fuse.
LINE VOLTAGE SELECTION
LINE CORD
The SR620 operates from a 100V, 120V, 220V, or
240V nominal ac power source having a line
frequency of 50 or 60 Hz. Before connecting the
power cord to a power source, verify that the LINE
VOLTAGE SELECTOR card, located in the rear
panel fuse holder, is set so that the correct ac
input voltage value is visible.
Conversion to other ac input voltages requires a
change in the fuse holder voltage card position
and fuse value. Disconnect the power cord, open
the fuse holder cover door and rotate the fuse-pull
lever to remove the fuse. Remove the small
printed circuit board and select the operating
voltage by orienting the printed circuit board to
position the desired voltage to be visible when
pushed firmly into its slot. Rotate the fuse-pull
lever back into its normal position and insert the
correct fuse into the fuse holder.
The SR620 has a detachable, three-wire power
cord for connection to the power source and to a
protective ground. The exposed metal parts of the
instrument are connected to the outlet ground to
protect against electrical shock. Always use an
outlet which has a properly connected protective
ground.
CONNECTION TO OTHER INSTRUMENTS
All front panel BNC shields are connected to the
chassis ground and to the power outlet ground via
the power cord. Do not apply any voltage to either
the shields or to the outputs. The outputs are not
protected against connection to any potential other
than ground.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
vi
Safety and Preparation for Use
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Specifications
vii
Specifications
Functions
Time Interval, Pulse Width, Rise and Fall Times, Frequency, Period, Phase,
and Event Counting.
Measurement statistics (mean, min, max, standard deviation or Allan
variance) and graphics are available in all modes of operation.
Time Interval
Time, Width, Rise and Fall Times
Range
Trigger Rate
Least Significant Digit
Resolution
Error
Arming Modes
-1000 to +1000 s in +/- TIME mode; -1 ns to +1000 s in all other modes
0 to 100 MHz
4 ps single sample, 1 ps with averaging
(((25 ps typ [50 ps max] )2+ (0.2 ppb x Interval)2) / N)1/2 rms
(((25 ps typ [50 ps max])2 + (0.05 ppb x Interval)2) / N)1/2 rms (Opt 01)
< ±(500ps typ [1 ns max] + Timebase Error x Interval +trigger error)
< ±(50ps typ[100ps max] + Timebase Error x Interval) (REL)
+TIME
Stop is armed by Start
+TIME EXT
Ext arms Start
+TIME EXT HOFF Leading EXT edge arms Start, trailing EXT edge arms
Stop.
±TIME
Armed by Start/Stop pair
±TIME CMPL
Armed by Stop/Start pair
±TIME EXT
Armed by EXT input edge
EXT arming may be internally delayed or scanned with respect to the EXT
input in variable steps. The step size may be set in a 1,2,5 sequence from 1
µs to 10 ms. The maximum delay is 50,000 steps.
Display
Sample Rate
16 digit fixed point with 1 ps LSD
For a sample size of N, the total sample time is N x(800 µs + measured time
interval) + Calculation time.
The calculation time occurs only after N measurements are completed and
varies from zero (N=1, no graphics, binary responses) to 5 ms (N=1, no
graphics) to 10 ms (display mean or std dev) to 60 ms (display histogram).
Frequency
Range
Error
Gates
Display
0.001 Hz to 300 MHz via comparator inputs.
40 MHz to 1.3 GHz via internal UHF prescalers.
RATIO A/B range: 10-9 to 103
< ± ((100ps typ [350 ps max])/Gate + Timebase Error ) x Frequency
External, 1 period, 1ms to 500s in 1,2,5 sequence. Gates may be externally
triggered with no delay. Gates may be delayed relative to an EXTernal
trigger. The delay from trigger may be set from 1 to 50,000 gate widths.
16 digit fixed point with LSD = Freq x 4ps/Gate. 1 µHz max. resolution (1
nHz with x1000 for frequencies ≤ 1 MHz)
Period
Range
Error
Gates
Display
0 to 1000 seconds. RATIO A/B range: 10-9 to 103
< ±((100 ps typ [350ps max])/Gate + Timebase Error) x Period
Same as frequency
16 digit fixed point with LSD = 1 ps (1 fs with x1000 for periods ≤ 1 s)
Phase
Phase = 360 x (Tb - Ta) / Period A
Range
Resolution
-180 to +180 degrees (0 to 100 MHz frequency)
(25ps x frequency x 360 + 0.001) degree
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
viii
Specifications
Gate
Error
Events
Range
Count Rate
Gates
Display
0.01 seconds (1 period min.) for period measurement and 1 sample for time
interval measurement. Period may also be measured using externally
triggered internal gates as in frequency mode.
< ±(1ns x Frequency x 360 + 0.001) degree
1012. RATIO A/B range: 10-9 to 103
0 to 300 MHz
Same as frequency
12 digits
Timebase
Frequency
Type
Aging
Allan Variance (1s)(typ.)
Stability 0-50° C
Settability
External
Inputs
Threshold
Accuracy
Sensitivity
Autolevel (A&B)
Slope
Impedance
Coupling
Input Noise
Bandwidth
Prescaler (A&B)
Protection
REF Output
Frequency
Rise/Fall
Amplitude
DVM Inputs
Full Scale
Type
Impedance
Accuracy
Speed
D/A Outputs
Full Scale
Resolution
Impedance
Standard
Option/01
10.000 MHz
10.000 MHz
TCVCXO
Ovenized VCXO
5x10-10/day
1x10-6/yr
-10
5x10-12
3x10
1 ppm
0.002 ppm
0.01 ppm
0.001 ppm
User may supply 5 or 10 MHz timebase. 1 Volt nominal.
A, B, and EXTernal
-5.00 to +5.00 VDC with 10 mV resolution
15mV + 0.5% of setting
see graph next page
Threshold set between peak input excursions. (f>10 Hz, duty cycle >10-6)
Rising or falling edge
(1 M Ohm + 30 pf) or 50 Ohms. 50 Ohm termination has SWR < 2.5:1 from
0 -1.3GHz
AC or DC. Ext is always DC coupled.
350mV rms typical
300 MHz BW provides 1.2 ns risetime
see graph next page
100 V. 50 Ohm terminator is released if input exceeds ±5 Vpeak.
Calibration and Trigger source
1.00 KHz (Accuracy same as timebase)
2 ns
TTL: 0 to 4 VDC (2 VDC into 50 Ohms)
ECL: -1.8 to -0.8 VDC into 50 Ohms
Two differential rear panel DVM inputs
±1.999 or ±19.99 VDC
Sample & hold with successive approximation converter
1 M Ohm
0.3% of full scale
Formatted response in approximately 5 ms.
Two rear panel outputs which may be ramped
±10.00 VDC
5 mV
< 1 Ohm
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Specifications
Default
Accuracy
Graphics
Scope
Displays
X-axis
Y-axis
Resolution
Hardcopy
ix
Voltage proportional to Mean & Deviation
0.3% of full scale
Live scope displays and hardcopy
Two rear panel outputs to drive x-y scope
Histograms and strip charts of mean & deviation
-5 to +5 V for 10 division deflection
-4 to +4 V for 8 division deflection
250 (H) x 200 (V) pixels
Via Centronics port to Epson graphics compatible dot matrix printers.
RS-232, IEEE-488 to HP-GL compatible Digital Plotters.
Interfaces
RS-232C
GPIB
Speed
300 to 19.2 KBaud. All instrument functions may be controlled.
PC compatible serial cable.
IEEE-488 compatible interface. All instrument functions may be controlled.
Approximately 150 ASCII formatted responses per second.
1400 binary responses per second.
General
Operating
Power
Dimensions
Weight
0 to 50° C
100, 120, 220 or 240 VAC +5% -10%. 50/60 Hz. 70 Watts.
14" x 14" x 3.5". Rack mounting hardware included.
11 lbs
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
x
Specifications
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Abridged Command List
xi
Abridged Command List
Syntax
Variable i is an integer that selects an input channel for the command:
i
0
1
2
Channel
External Gate
A input
B input
Variables i,j,k,l,m, and n are all integers.Variable x is a real number in integer,real, or exponential notation.
Commands which may be queried have a ? in parentheses (?) after the mnemonic. The ( ) are not sent.
Commands that may only be queried have a '?' after the mnemonic. Commands which may not be queried
have no '?'. Optional parameters are enclosed by {}.
Trigger Control Commands
LEVL(?) i,x
MTRG j
RLVL(?) j
TCPL(?) i{,j}
TERM(?) i{,j}
TMOD(?) i{,j}
TSLP(?) i{,j}
Set channel i threshold to x volts. Only allowed in remote operation.
Same as pushing MAN trigger button. In external gate or holdoff arming
modes n=0= start gate, n=1= stop gate. Otherwise n is ignored.
Sets the reference output level to 0 = ecl,1=ttl.
Sets the input ac/dc coupling of chans A and B to 0 = dc, or 1 = ac.
Sets the 50 ohm terminator of input, also prescaler n=0= 50 ohm, n=1= 1
meg, n= 2 = prescale. Prescalers can only be used in freq and per modes.
Sets autolevel on/off. 0 = auto off, 1 = auto on.
Set the trigger slope to 0 = positive, 1 = negative.
Measurement Control Commands
*TRG
ARMM(?) j
Device trigger, same as pushing start button
Sets the arming mode
0
+- time
1
+ time
2
1 period
3
0.01 s gate
4
0.1 s gate
5
1.0 s gate
6
ext trig +- time
7
ext trig + time
8
ext gate/trig holdoff
9
ext 1period
10
ext 0.01 s gate
11
ext 0.1 s gate
12
ext 1.0s gate
AUTM(?) j
COMP
DREL(?) j
Sets/resets autostart of measurements. 0 = off,1= on
Complements parity in +-time arming
Sets/clears the display REL. 0 = clear, 1 = set, 2 = clear REL and display, 3=
set rel to position of cursor.
Sets the value of the frequency, period, of count gate to x. x may bebetween
1ms and 500s in a 1,2,5 sequence. If x < 0 a externally triggered gate of
length x is set.
Sets variance type to 0 = std dev, 1= Allan variance.
GATE(?) x
JTTR(?) j
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
xii
Abridged Command List
MODE(?) j
SIZE(?) j
SRCE(?) j
STRT
STOP
Sets the instrument mode to 0 = time,1 = width, 2=tr/tf, 3 = freq, 4 = period, 5
= phase, 6 = count.
Sets the number of samples.
Sets the measurement source to 0 = A, 1= B, 2= REF, 3 = ratio.
Same as pushing start button.
Same as pushing stop button.
Data Commands
MEAS? j
XALL?
XAVG?
XJIT?
XMAX?
XMIN?
XREL(?) x
XHST? j
HSPT? j
SCAV? j
SCJT? j
BDMP j
Startts a measurement and returns the result when it is complete. If j=0 the
mean is returned, j=1 returns the jitter, j=2 returns the max, and j=3 the min.
Returns mean,rel,jitter,max,min of a measurement.
Returns the mean of measurement.
Returns the jitter of a measurement.
Returns the max of a measurement.
Returns the min of a measurement.
Sets the value of the display rel to x.
Returns section j of the histogram display as 4 byte binary integers.j=0 to 9.
Return the value of the point n on the histogram. j=1 to j = 250. Returns
9E20 if graph is blank.
Returns the value of point n (1 - 250) of the mean stripchart or the value of
scan point j. returns 9E20 if the stripchart is blank or the scan has not
reachedpoint j.
Returns the value of point n (1 - 250) of the jitter stripchart or the value of
scan point j. returns 9E20 if the stripchart is blank or the scan has not
reached point j.
Binary dumps j points. Sample size = 1.
Scan Commands
ANMD(?) j
DBEG(?) j
DSEN(?) j
DSTP(?) x
HOLD(?) x
SCAN
SCEN(?) j
SCLR
SLOC?
SCPT(?) j
VBEG(?) j,x
VOUT? j
VSTP(?) j,x
Sets the DAC output mode of the mean and jitter DAC's to 0 = chart/chart, 1=
DAC/chart, 2= chart/DAC,3 = DAC/DAC.
Sets the delay scan start position to 1-50000 step sizes after the external
trigger
Enables the internal delay scan . 0 = delay off, 1=delay hold, 2 = delay scan.
Sets the delay scan step size to 1,2,5 x 10 -2,-3,-4,-5,-6. 1 x 10 –2 is the
maximum step size.
Sets the hold time between scan points from .01s to 1000 s in .01 s steps
Clears and restarts a scan.
Enables scanning. 0 = disabled,1= single scan mode 2 = repeat scan mode
Clears the scan.
Returns the number of the last completed scan point. Returns 0 if no points
are complete.
Sets number of scan points to 2,5,10,25,50,125,250.
Sets the DAC output scan starting voltage. If scans are disabled or the step
size is zero the output is immediately set to the new voltage. Otherwise, the
voltage is updated at the start of the next scan.
Reads the current output voltage of DAC channel j.
Sets the DAC scan step size to x volts.
Graphics Control Commands
AUTP(?) j
AUTS
CURS (?) j
DGPH(?) j
GCLR
Sets the autoprint mode to 0 = off or 1 = on.
Autoscales the displayed graph.
Sets the cursor position to j.
Sets the displayed graph to 0 = histogram,1= mean,2 = jitter
Clears the displayed graph.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Abridged Command List
GENA(?) j
GSCL(?) j,x
PDEV(?) j
PLAD(?) j
PLPT(?) j
PLOT
PCLR
xiii
Turns graphs 0 = off, 1 = on.
Sets the graph scales. j = 0 = histogram verticalscale,j=1= histo
horizontal,j=2=histo bins,j=3= mean graph scale,j = 4= jitter graph scale. x =
units per division or # bins.
Sets output device to 0 = printer, 1= plotter.
Sets the plotter GPIB address.
Sets the plotter port to 0= RS232 , 1= GPIB.
Initiates a print/plot
Clears plots/prints
Front Panel Control
DISP(?) j
EXPD(?) j
KEYS(?) j
Sets the display source. 0=MEAN,1=REL,2=JITTER,3=MAX
4 =MIN, 5 = TRIG, 6 = DVM's
Set the x1000 expand status in freq and per mode 0 = off, 1 = on
Simulates a keypress, or reads the most recently pressed key
Rear Panel Control
CLCK(?) j
CLKF(?) j
PORT(?) j
PRTM(?) j
RNGE(?) i{,j}
VOLT? j
Sets the clock source. 0 = internal, 1= external.
Sets the external clock frequency. 0=10MHz,1= 5MHz.
Sets/reads the binary I/O port when enabled.
Sets the printer port mode. 0 = print, 1 = input,2 =output.
Sets the full scale voltage of DVM input i.
Reads DVM channel 0 or 1.
Interface Control Commands
*RST
*IDN?
*OPC(?)
*WAI
ENDT {j,k,l,m}
LOCL j
WAIT(?) j
Clears instrument to default settings.
Returns the device identification .
Operation complete common synchronization command. Either sets a status
bit or returns a value when all operations (scans , prints, measurements) are
complete.
Wait synchronization command. Holds off further command execution until all
in progress operations (scans, prints,measurements) are complete.
Sets the RS232 end transmission terminator
Sets the RS232 local/remote function. 0 = local, 1=remote, 2 = local lockout
Sets the RS232 intercharacter time delay.
Status Reporting Commands
*CLS
*ESE(?) j
*ESR? {j}
*PSC(?) j
*SRE(?) j
*STB? {j}
EREN(?) j
ERRS? {j}
STAT? {j}
TENA(?) j
STUP?
Clears all status registers.
Sets/reads the standard status byte enable register.
Reads the standard status register, or just bit j of register.
Sets the power on status clear bit. This allows SRQ'son power up if desired.
Sets/reads the serial poll enable register.
Reads the serial poll register, or just bit n of register.
Sets/reads the error status enable register.
Reads the error status register, or just bit n of register.
Reads the TIC status register, or just bit n of register.
Sets/reads the TIC status enable register.
Returns the complete setup in one string.
Calibration Control (NOTE: these commands are not needed during normal operation)
$TAC? j
$PHK? j
Reads the value of the time-to-amplitude converters.
Sets the printer handshake lines.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
xiv
Abridged Command List
$POT? j
*CAL?
*TST?
BYTE(?) j,k
WORD(?) j,k
Reads the value of trigger pot j
Starts autocal and returns status when done.
Starts self-test and returns status when done.
Reads/sets linearization byte values.
Reads/sets cal words.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Quick Start Instructions
1
Quick Start
Use this procedure as a quick orientation to
the instrument's features and capabilities. If
you encounter problems, read the detailed
discussions on operation or see the
troubleshooting section.
MEAN. The REL LED will turn on and the
display will show a mean value within a few ps
of zero. An 'r' appears on the display to
indicate a relative value.
6) Press the DISPLAY down-key to show each of
the following:
1) Make sure that the correct line voltage has
been selected on the rear panel power entry
module.
2) With the unit's power switch on "STBY", hold
the "CLR" key in the "DISPLAY" section down
and turn the unit "ON". This will return all of
the instrument settings to their default state.
The message, "SELF TEST PASS" should
briefly appear.
Note: The fan will not run until the unit warms
up. The red LED labeled "CLOCK" in the
CONFIG section may stay on for a few
minutes. The red LED's labeled "START" and
"STOP" may blink if no inputs are applied.
3) Press the MODE down key once to select the
WIDTH mode. Press the source key twice to
select REF ( the 1 kHz REFerence ) as the
signal source. After 1/2 hour warmup, the
display should read 500 us +- 1 ns. If the
displayed value is outside this range see
instructions for running the AUTOCAL
procedure.
4) Press the SAMPLE SIZE up-key five times to
select a sample size of 500. This will slow the
display update rate to 2 Hz, and provide a
more consistent MEAN value.
5) Press the SET key in the DISPLAY section to
set the REL offset to the current value of the
MEAN
REL
JITTER
MAX
MIN
TRIG
DVM
0+-100 ps (The REL is set)
500 us +-100 ps
5-20 ps
Erratic, but usually <100 ps
Erratic, but usually <100 ps
+-5 V per the three level knobs
Within 5 mV of zero.
7) Configure an oscilloscope for the X-Y display
mode with the horizontal and vertical inputs
set for dc coupling ( not 50 Ohms ) and 1 V/div
sensitivity. If the scope has scale factor
displays, turn them "off", and set the 20 MHz
bandwidth limit. Center the beam in the middle
of the screen and attach the inputs to the X-Y
display outputs on the rear panel of the
SR620.
8) Press the AUTO key in the SCOPE AND
CHART section to scale the display. If the
DISPLAY REL is set, the HISTOgram of the
pulse widths will be displayed with about 20
ps/div horizontal resolution.
9) In the SCOPE AND CHART section, press the
display button to change from HIST to MEAN.
Press the AUTO button to scale the display.
The scope will now show a 'strip chart' of the
mean values for each set of measurements.
Now select JITTER and press AUTO to
display a 'strip-chart' of standard deviations for
the scope display.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
2
Instrument Overview
The SR620 Time Interval Counter can do a variety
of time interval and frequency measurements. The
instrument's high single-shot timing resolution,
low jitter, and reciprocal counting architecture
allow rapid, high resolution measurements.
Frequency gating modes include fixed gates of
one period, 0.01 s, 0.1 s, 1 s, Externally triggered
fixed gates, External gates, Externally triggered
adjustable gates from 1 us to 10 ms. Gates which
are externally triggered may be delayed and
scanned by 1 to 50,000 gate widths to allow
transient frequency measurements.
Modes of Operation
Statistics
Time Intervals between the A and B inputs may
be measured with 4 ps LSD, 25 ps rms resolution,
100 ps relative accuracy, and 1ns absolute
accuracy. Time intervals from -1ns to 1000 s or +1000 s may be measured.
The SR620 will compute and display statistics for
sample sizes of one to one million . The mean,
standard deviation or Allan variance, minimum
and maximum deviations may be displayed.
Statistics are available for all modes of operation.
Displayed values may be offset by the REL for
measurements relative to a previous mean value.
Introduction
Pulse Widths of either input may be measured.
The start and stop thresholds are set separately.
The resolution, jitter, and accuracy are the same
as for Time interval measurements.
Rise and Fall Times of either input may be
measured. The start and stop thresholds may be
set with 10 mV resolution. The 350 MHz
bandwidth of the inputs allows measurements of
rise and fall times down to 1 ns.
Frequencies from 0.001 Hz to 1.3 GHz may be
measured. The SR620 will provide 11 digits of
resolution when a one second gate is used.
Frequencies above 300 MHz may be measured on
either input using the UHF prescalers. NanoHertz
resolution is available in the x1000 display mode.
Periods may be measured with femtosecond
resolution. Period measurements are done the
same way as frequency measurements, except
the reciprocal of frequency is reported to the
display.
The Phase between the signals on the A and B
input may be measured with 0.001° resolution.
The phase shift between signals from 0.001 Hz to
100MHz may be measured.
The Count mode is used to count input
transistions during a gate. Count rates up to 300
MHz will be tallied.
Arming and Gating
Each of these modes are supported with powerful
arming and gating modes. Time arming modes
include: +Time, +Time External, +Time External
with Stop Holdoff, +-Time, and +-Time External.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Scope Displays and Hardcopy
The SR620 can display histograms and strip
charts on any xy scope. Histograms show the
distribution of values within a group of
measurements. Strip charts of the previous 250
mean values or deviations show data trends.
Hardcopy of scope displays may be made to
printers or plotters via rear panel Centronics,
RS232 or GPIB ports.
Reference Output
The front panel REF OUT provides a precision
1KHZ square wave at TTL or ECL levels. This
source may be used for calibration, and is a
convienent
trigger
for
many
types
of
measurements.
DVM's and DAC Outputs
Two rear panel DVM inputs allow dc voltage
measurements with 0.3% accuracy on 2 or 20 V
full scale ranges. The inputs may be displayed on
the front panel or read via the RS232 or GPIB
interfaces.
Two DAC outputs default to output voltages
proportional to the mean and jitter readings to
drive analog strip chart recorders. The DAC output
voltages may also be set or scanned from the front
panel of through one of the computer interfaces.
Computer Interfaces
Both GPIB and RS232 interfaces allow complete
control of the instrument. A fast binary dump
mode allows up to 1500 measurements per
second to be taken and transfered to a computer.
Front Panel Operation
3
FRONT PANEL OPERATION
The SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter can perform an extremely wide variety of time interval and
frequency measurements. The SR620 is designed so that the values of virtually all of the important
measurement parameters are visible at a glance on the front panel. Setting the SR620 to perform a particular
measurement can be separated into three steps: choosing the measurement, choosing the output display,
and setting the inputs. The SR620 is different than most counters in that a "measurement" consists of from 1
to 1,000,000 "samples" and the SR620 reports statistical information on these samples. The SR620 can
report the mean , jitter, maximum , and minimum values found in a measurement.
CHOOSING THE MEASUREMENT
SETTING THE MODE
Pressing the MODE up and down arrow keys sets
the measurement type. The SR620 can measure
time intervals, pulse widths, pulse rise and fall
times, frequency, period, phase, and can count
events. The ARMING section has detailed
explanations of the modes.
SETTING THE SOURCE
The source key selects the signal source for a
particular measurement. In time interval mode the
source specifies which input will "start" the time
interval. Normally the start source is channel A,
but channel B, and the 1kHz REF output may also
be selected. The other input then "stops" the time
interval. In pulse width, frequency, period, and
counts the source may be A, B, or the 1kHz REF.
Additionally, in frequency, period, and count
modes if both the A and B LEDs are on the RATIO
A/B is measured. In rise/fall time mode only A and
B may be the source, while in phase mode the
phase of B relative to A is always measured.
SETTING THE ARMING MODE
modes. The various modes relevant to each
particular type of measurement are treated in
detail in the ARMING section of this manual. A
summary of the arming modes is given on the next
page.
SELECTING THE NUMBER OF SAMPLES
The sample size up and down arrow keys select
between 1 and 1,000,000 samples for the
measurement.
STARTING AND STOPPING MEASUREMENTS
The "START" and "RESET" keys start and stop
measurements. Press the "START" key to start a
single measurement. The "BUSY" LED will remain
on while the measurement is in progress. When
the measurement is finished the SR620 will
display the results and stop. Press and hold the
START key to turn on the "AUTO" LED and
"automeasure". When automeasure is on the
SR620 will automatically start a new measurement
when the present one is complete. Press the
"RESET" key to terminate the present
measurement. Press and hold the "RESET" key
to turn the "AUTO" LED and automeasure off.
"Arming" controls the conditions under which a
sample is started and stopped. The arming mode
is chosen using the ARMING up and down arrow
keys. The SR620 has a large selection of arming
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
4
Front Panel Operation
SUMMARY OF ARMING MODES
mode
arming mode
LED indication
time
+TIME
+TIME EXTERNAL
+TIME EXTERNAL STOP HOLDOFF
+TIME LED on
+TIME and EXT LEDs on *
+TIME, EXT, and HLDF LEDs on *
±TIME
±TIME COMPLEMENT
±TIME EXTERNAL
± TIME LED on
±TIME and CMPL LEDs on
±TIME and EXT LED on *
width,rise/fall time
+TIME
+TIME EXTERNAL
+TIME EXTERNAL STOP HOLDOFF
+TIME LED on
+TIME and EXT LED on *
+ TIME, EXT, and HLDF LEDs on *
frequency,period
1 PERIOD
0.01s gate
0.1s gate
1.0s gate
ext gate
ext 1 PERIOD
ext 0.01s gate
ext 0.1s gate
ext 1.0s gate
1 PERIOD LED on
0.01s LED on **
0.1s LED on **
1.0s LED on **
EXT LED on *
EXT and 1 PERIOD LEDs on
EXT and 0.01s LEDs on **
EXT and 0.1s LEDs on **
EXT and 1.0s LEDs on **
phase
+TIME
EXT
+TIME LED on
EXT LED on *
count
0.01s gate
0.1s gate
1.0s gate
ext gate
ext 0.01s gate
ext 0.1s gate
ext 1.0s gate
0.01s LED on **
0.1s LED on **
1.0s LED on **
EXT LED on *
EXT and 0.01s LEDs on **
EXT and 0.1s LEDs on **
EXT and 1.0s LEDs on **
NOTES:
* arming delay or scanning delay/gate may be used in this mode (see CONFIGURATION MENU and
ARMING sections). The EXT LED will flash if scanning is enabled.
** the gate time LED will flash if gate width multiplier is not equal to 1 (see CONFIGURATION MENU
and ARMING sections).
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Front Panel Operation
5
CHOOSING THE OUTPUT DISPLAY
The SR620 can display statistical information
about the measurement of N samples. The
SR620 computes and reports the mean, standard
deviation or root Allan variance, minimum, and
maximum values seen during the measurement.
The equation for the statistical functions are given
by:
pressing the "CLR" button. Normally the REL is
set to the value of the mean when the "SET"
button is pressed. However, the REL may be set
to an arbitrary value using the ZOOM feature
described in the GRAPHICS ZOOM section below.
Pressing the "CLR" button with the REL off clears
the display.
JITTER: displays either the standard deviation
(display prefaced by "d") or Allan variance (
display prefaced by "A"). The statistic that is used
is set in the CONFIGURATION MENU.
MAX: displays the maximum sample found in this
measurement. If the display is prefaced by "r"
then a relative reading is displayed and the value
displayed is the max minus the REL.
MIN: displays the minimum sample found in this
measurement. If the display is prefaced by "r"
then a relative reading is displayed and the value
displayed is the min minus the REL.
SETTING THE FRONT PANEL DISPLAY
The DISPLAY up and down arrow keys control
what is displayed on the 16 digit LED display. All
of the statistical data is always calculated and may
be viewed by scrolling through the displays. The
settings are:
MEAN: displays the mean value of the
measurement. If the display is prefaced by "r"
then a relative reading is displayed and the value
displayed is the mean minus the REL.
REL: displays the value of the REL. The REL is
set by pressing the "SET" button and is cleared by
TRIG: displays the trigger level set by the EXT, A,
and B trigger knobs (The full scale range of the
knobs may be set in the CONFIGURATION
MENU.).
DVM: displays the voltage values at the rear panel
DVM inputs.
Pressing both the up and down arrow keys
together toggles the x1000 expand on and off in
frequency and period mode. In frequency mode
the x1000 expand moves the decimal point 3
places to the left and displays frequencies with
nHz resolution.
The maximum frequency
measurable in this mode is 1 MHz. In period
mode the x1000 expand moves the decimal point
3 places to the left and displays periods with fs
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
6
Front Panel Operation
resolution. The maximum period measurable in
this mode is 1 s.
In both period and frequency modes the statistical
data is displayed with the number of significant
digits allowed by the SR620's resolution. Using
longer gate times increases the resolution.
GRAPHICS OUTPUTS
In addition to the 16 digit LED display the SR620's
scope and chart outputs may be used to give the
user alternative methods of viewing the data.
SCOPE OUTPUTS
The SR620 may be attached to an oscilloscope
operating in x-y mode to provide a graphical
presentation of the output data. The oscilloscope
should be set in x-y mode with sensitivities set to
1V/div and the SR620's x and y rear panel
outputs attached.
that the data fits on the screen. In histogram
mode the actual scaling of the graph does not
occur until the next measurement is complete.
The scale may also be adjusted manually.
Pressing the up and down arrow keys with the
normal display on the 16 digit LEDs will adjust the
vertical scale on the displayed graph. In the
histogram mode , incrementing the vertical scale
past the largest value (200,000 / div) will change
the vertical scale to a log scale. To view the
scales on the LED display press the "DISP"
button.
First, the cursor position (discussed
below) will be displayed. Pressing the button
again will display the vertical graph scales in the
appropriate units. In the histogram mode pressing
the button again will display the horizontal scale
and then the number of bins. The scales may be
adjusted using the up and down arrow keys.
When the REL is set the graphs are centered
about the REL and, thus, very fine detail may be
observed on a large number.
GRAPHICS CURSOR
GRAPH TYPES
The SR620 can then display either a histogram of
number of samples vs. measured parameter for
the samples within a measurement, a stripchart of
mean values for successive measurements, or a
stripchart of jitter values for successive
measurements. In histogram mode a new graph
will be displayed after each measurement of N
samples is complete, showing the distribution of
samples in that measurement. In the stripchart
modes a new point will be added to the graph after
each measurement indicating the mean and jitter
values for that measurement. The display desired
is chosen by pressing the select button below the
indicator LEDs. The data for all three graphs are
saved so that all of the graphs may be viewed by
cycling through the three choices. The data, the
scale values, and the cursor position are all
displayed on the scope screen. In the stripchart
modes up to 250 points will be displayed. When
the display fills up new data will start to overwrite
the old starting from the left. The graph may be
cleared by pressing the CLR button below the
PRINT button.
SCALING GRAPHS
In histogram mode the vertical scale, horizontal
scale, and number of bins may be adjusted. In the
stripchart modes the vertical scales may be
adjusted. The easiest way to scale the graphs is
to press the "AUTO" button to autoscale the graph.
Autoscale will automatically adjust the scales so
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
The displayed graphs have a moveable cursor that
allows one to read the values of individual points
on the screen. The cursor is represented on
screen by a dotted line. The cursor is moved by
pressing the "DISP" button to display the cursor
position and using the up and down arrow keys to
move it about. The cursor x position is displayed
on the LED display ( in the correct units of s, Hz,
etc.) for the histogram display and measurement
number for the stripcharts. Both the x and y
positions are displayed on the scope screen.
GRAPHICS ZOOM
The SR620 has a feature which allows one to
zoom in on any feature in a displayed histogram,
this feature also allows the REL to be set to any
value desired. First, press the DISP button to
display the cursor position. Then, move the cursor
until it is at the desired position ( or the cursor
value is the desired REL value if setting the REL).
Push the "SET" button. This will set the REL to
the cursor position.
Now, adjust the graph
horizontal scale to get the magnification desired.
If setting the REL value, note that the amount that
the cursor value changes for each press of the
arrow keys is determined by the horizontal
histogram scale and that the scale may have to be
adjusted to get the REL value desired.
Front Panel Operation
HARDCOPY OUTPUT
The displayed graph may be copied to either an
Epson compatible graphics printer or a HP-GL
compatible plotter by pressing the "PRINT" key.
The SR620 will continue to take data while the
hardcopy is being generated. If a second print/plot
request is made (by pressing the button or a
programming command) before the current copy is
finished the SR620 will stop taking data until the
current copy is done. This is to avoid corrupting
the second copy as the SR620 only has a 1 deep
graphics output queue.The output device (printer
or plotter) is chosen in the CONFIGURATION
menu (see that section for detail). When using a
printer the SR620 may be put into autoprint mode
by pressing and holding the PRINT key until the
"AUTO" LED turns on. In autoprint mode the
SR620 will automatically print every histogram or a
new stripchart each time the stripchart fills up.
There is no autoprint when using a plotter because
the paper needs to be changed. In autoprint mode
the speed of the printer may determine the
measurement rate if new graphs are generated
7
faster than the printer can print them. A print or
plot may be aborted by pressing the "CLR" button
under the PRINT button. Pressing and holding the
CLR button will turn off autoprint. If the message
"print error" or "plot error" appears while printing or
plotting please refer to the TROUBLESHOOTING
section.
CHART OUTPUTS
In addition to the scope outputs the SR620 also
has two rear panel analog outputs designed to go
to analog chart recorders. One output puts out a
voltage proportional to the mean of the
measurement while the other output puts out a
voltage proportional the jitter of the measurement.
The output range is 0-8V corresponding to the 8
vertical scope divisions. The scale is the same as
the scope scales. In the cases where zero is at
the center of the scope screen (the REL is set, for
example) zero will correspond to 4 volts output.
The chart outputs may also be configured as
general
purpose
D/A
outputs
(see
CONFIGURATION MENU section).
Sample Histogram. The graph scales are 20ps/div in the horizontal direction and 10 /div
in the vertical. The REL is 500.000023 us and is at the center of the graph. This
measurement has a mean value 6ps greater than the REL and a standard deviation of
9ps. The cursor (dotted line) is at the REL and there are 46 events in that bin.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
8
Front Panel Operation
Sample mean value graph. Each point corresponds to the mean value from one
measurement. The vertical scale is 10 Hz/div. The measurements are relative to a REL
of 10.022176 kHz. The REL is at the center of the graph. The cursor (dotted line) shows
that measurement number 67 was 1.635 kHz below the REL.
Sample jitter stripchart. This graph shows the jitter associated with each measurement
above. The vertical scale is 10 Hz/div. The cursor is at measurement number 165 and
the jitter value there is 32.6 Hz.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Front Panel Operation
9
SETTING THE INPUTS
SETTING TRIGGER LEVELS
SETTING TRIGGER SLOPES
The trigger levels are set by rotating the trigger
level adjust knobs. These knobs may have a full
scale range of ±5.00V, ±2.50V, or ±1.25V. The
full scale range is set in the CONFIGURATION
menu (see that section of the manual for details).
In all cases the trigger level resolution is 10mV
and the actual level may be displayed on the front
panel. The trigger inputs have about 40mV of
hysteresis and the trigger levels are corrected for
this hysteresis so that the inputs will trigger at the
selected voltage independent of the selected
trigger slope.
The A and B inputs can be set to trigger on either
a rising or falling edge by pressing the "SLOPE"
buttons. The EXT input can be set to rising edge
or falling edge by pressing the "LOGIC" button. If
the EXT input is being used to supply a gate pulse
the SR620 will use the time above threshold as
the gate if POSitive logic is selected and the time
below threshold as the gate if NEGative logic is
selected.
The LED's above the trigger knobs will flash when
the input comparator triggers. The A and B inputs
may also be set to autolevel by rotating the knobs
completely counter-clockwise. The "AUTO" LED
under the knob will come on and the trigger
threshold will automatically be set to the midpoint
of the signal. Autolevel will work for a signal faster
than about 10Hz and a duty cycle greater than
about 0.0001%. The autolevel circuit will not
change the trigger level until the input stops
triggering for more than 1/2 second. Then it will
try to reset the trigger level to a new value. The
red LEDs behind the words "START" and "STOP"
will flash each time the autolevel circuit tries to
adjust the trigger threshold.
NOTE: in width and rise/fall time modes, which
use only one input, the A trigger knob sets the
start trigger voltage and the B trigger knob sets the
stop trigger voltage.
INPUT TERMINATION
The EXT, A, and B input may all be terminated in
either 1MOhm or 50 Ohms by pressing the
"INPUT" or "TERM" buttons. If the inputs are
terminated in 50 ohms and the input signal
exceeds ±6V peak the 50 Ohm terminator will
automatically be removed to prevent damage to
the terminator. When this overload condition
occurs the 50 ohm LED will flash.
UHF PRESCALERS
In frequency and period modes the input signal
may be fed to the SR620's UHF prescalers to
measure signals between 40MHz and 1.3GHz. To
engage the prescalers press the "INPUT" button
for the desired channel repeatedly until the UHF
LED comes on. The sensitivity of the prescalers
may be adjusted by adjusting the channel A and B
trigger knobs. Setting the knobs for 0V or to
autolevel will set the sensitivity to maximum.
Setting the knobs to 5V will reduce the sensitivity
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
10
Front Panel Operation
to about 200mV rms. Both positive and negative
settings of the knob have the same effect. The
sensitivity adjustment is useful because at
maximum sensitivity the prescalers will selfoscillate with no signal input. With an input,
however, this is not a problem, but by reducing the
sensitivity slightly these oscillations will disappear.
INPUT COUPLING
The A and B inputs may be either AC or DC
coupled by pressing the AC/DC button. The
coupling is independent of the input termination
impedance. The EXT input is always DC coupled.
REFERENCE OUTPUT
The front panel REF output puts out a 1kHz 50%
duty cycle square wave synchronized to the
SR620's internal 10MHz clock. This output may
provide 4V into high impedance or 2V into 50
Ohms, or ECL levels into 50 Ohms. An example
of the use of this output is to set the mode to
measure the time from REF to B. If a cable is then
connected from the REF output to B the cable
delay may be directly measured.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
TIMEBASE INPUT AND OUTPUT
A rear panel BNC outputs the SR620's 10MHz
clock. This output supplies approximately 1V pkpk into a 50 ohm load. Another BNC allows the
input of a 5 or 10 MHz external timebase. This
input presents a 1 kOhm load to the signal. The
SR620 can then phase-lock its internal timebase
to
this
external
source.
See
the
CONFIGURATION MENU chapter for detail on
using an external timebase.
DVM INPUTS
The SR620 has two rear panel DVM inputs.
These 1 MOhm differential inputs allow the
SR620 to measure DC voltages on either a 2V or
20V full scale range. The SR620 can either
autorange the inputs (default) or they may be set
to a fixed scale. See the CONFIGURATION
MENU chapter for detail on setting the DVM
scales.
Sample Arming
11
SAMPLE ARMING
The SR620 Time Interval counter has a wide
variety of arming modes that allow the user great
flexibility in controlling the desired measurement.
The various measurement modes and their
respective arming modes are discussed in detail
below.
When REF is used as the Start source, the rising
edge of REF is used when a positive slope is
selected for the A input, and the falling edge is
used when a negative slope is set. In this case,
the threshold knob above the A input has no effect
on operation.
NOTE: references to delayed or scanning gates
are discussed at the end of this section
TIME INTERVAL ARMING
TIME MODE
In this mode, the unit measures the time interval
between a Start and a Stop pulse. The time
interval is a positive number if the Start occurs
before the Stop and negative if the Stop occurs
before the Start. The SOURCE LED's indicate the
source of the START pulse.
There are several arming modes for Time interval
measurements. The arming mode controls when
the instrument will be ready to take a sample. Start
and Stop pulses are ignored when the instrument
is not armed. The ARM LED will turn on when the
unit is armed. The SR620 remains busy for about
800us after receiving a Start/Stop pair and may
not be rearmed during this time.
+TIME MEASUREMENTS (-1ns to 1000s)
Source LED
A
B
REF
Start Source
A
B
REF
Stop Source
B
A
B
In +TIME arming the Start input is armed as soon
as the instrument is ready and Stop is armed
when a Start is received. In this mode only a
positive or zero time interval may be measured.
(The knobs which are directly above each input
set the voltage threshold for that input when in the
TIME mode.)
Usually, A will be selected as the Start source and
the time interval from A to B will be measured. The
internal 1kHz REF output may be selected in
cases where the front panel REF out will be used
to trigger an event, and the "event" will provide a
Stop pulse to the B input. A simple example of this
would be the measurement of cable lengths. The
length of a cable may be measured by selecting
REF as the Start source, and connecting the cable
between the REF output and the B input.
In +TIME EXTERNAL mode the Start input is
enabled by the GATE and Stop is armed by Start.
A delay from an EXT input may be set or scanned
in the CONFIG menu, otherwise the EXT input will
be the trigger.
Time Arming Mode
Function
+TIME
+TIME EXTERNAL
+TIME EXTERNAL STOP HOLDOFF
Start arms automatically, Stop is armed by Start
Start is armed by EXT input, Stop armed by Start
Start is armed by leading edge of EXT input and the Stop is
armed by the trailing edge.
±TIME
±TIME COMPLEMENT
±TIME EXTERNAL
Starts and Stops are armed by Start/Stop pair
Starts and Stops are armed by Stop/Start pair
Starts and Stops are armed by EXT input
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
12
Sample Arming
TIME EXTERNAL with HOLDOFF is similar
except that Stops are not enabled until the trailing
edge of the EXT input. A particular Stop pulse
may be selected to end the time interval by using
the EXT input to inhibit, or holdoff, the Stop input.
An example of this might be measuring the time
from the index mark on a hard disk drive to a
particular data bit. By adjusting the holdoff time
one could measure the time to any data bit instead
of just the first one.
The trigger may be delayed or scanned from an
EXT trigger input by setting SCAN parameters in
the CONFIG menu. A blinking EXT LED indicates
that the EXT is used as a trigger for the delayed
gate.
±TIME MEASUREMENTS (-1000s<t< 1000s)
In all of the ± TIME modes Starts and Stops are
armed simultaneously and so either a positive or
negative time interval may be measured. There is,
unfortunately, some ambiguity to this method of
arming. For periodic inputs there is no way for the
instrument to know if the desired time interval
should be measured from the Start to the previous
Stop or to the next Stop. For example, if the Start
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
and Stop are both 1 KHz square waves, with the
Stop edge following the Start edge by 1 uS, then
the unit will report a Time interval of either +1 us or
-999 us. In the ±TIME and ±TIME COMPLEMENT
modes the start and stop inputs are armed by
parity, that is, the reception of either a Start/Stop
pair or a Stop/Start pair of pulses. By changing
between these two modes one may choose to
measure either the time from Stop to the next Start
or Start to the next Stop. Since the parity of the
input signals is randomly determined at power-up
there is no way to specify which arming mode will
correspond to which measurement. But by
changing
between
these
modes
both
measurements may always be obtained.
Alternately, one may arm a ±Time measurement
with a signal applied to the Ext input in which case
the measurement that is made (Start to Stop or
Stop to Start) is determined only by the
relationship of the Ext input to the Start and Stop
signals.
The EXT input requires about 10 ns setup prior to
the Start or Stop inputs.
Time intervals as a function of delay from an EXT
trigger may be measured by using the internal
delay generator. The delay generator is triggered
by the EXT input. The trigger delay may be set or
scanned via the CONFIG Menu.
Sample Arming
Time interval samples may also be armed by
pressing the MAN key when in the EXT arming
mode.
WIDTH
Pulse widths may be measured in the WIDTH
mode. The pulse source may be either the A input,
the B input, or the internal 1 kHz REF source.
The Start threshold and slope are set by the
controls just above the A input. The Stop threshold
and slope are set by the controls just above the B
input. If the Start slope is positive, the Stop slope
will be negative, and the time from a rising edge to
a falling edge will be measured. These controls
are not used when measuring the width of the
internal 1 KHz REF.
As pulse widths are always positive times, only the
+TIME arming modes are available. The three
arming modes for WIDTH measurements are
shown here. The trigger source may be either the
EXT input or the EXT triggered internally
delayed/scanned gate.
13
RISE and FALL TIMES
The transition time for an input may be measured
in this mode. Either the A or B input may be
selected as the source to be measured. The
selected source is used as the input to both
comparators. The threshold knob above the A
input is used to specify the Start voltage threshold,
and the knob above the B input is used to specify
the Stop voltage threshold. The rise time of the
input is reported if positive slope is selected, and
the fall time is reported if negative slope is
selected. Either slope key changes both
comparators' slope LED's.
For example, to measure the 20-80% rise time of
a one volt input, the A threshold would be set to
0.20 VDC, the B threshold would be set to 0.80
VDC, and the slope would be set to positive to
measure the rising edge. The 80-20% transition
time of the falling edge could be measured by
setting the slope to negative and adjusting the
trigger thresholds. Reported times are not
corrected for the finite bandwidth of the input of
the instrument. The inputs have a bandwidth of
about 300 MHz, and so the 10-90% transition time
of an infinitely fast input would be reported as 1.2
ns. When measuring 10-90% transition times, the
actual transition time may be found by:
T actual = sqrt (T measured2 - 1.2 ns2 )
As transition times are always positive numbers,
only +TIME and +TIME_EXT arming modes are
allowed.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
14
Sample Arming
FREQUENCY
The frequency of either the A or B inputs may be
measured in this mode of operation. The SR620 is
a "reciprocal" frequency counter. That is, it
measures frequency by measuring the time
interval for an integer number of cycles of the
input. The frequency is then equal to (number of
cycles)/(Measured Time). Since there is no
fraction-of-a-cycle error ( as would be seen if the
unit merely counted cycles in a fixed gate ) a
frequency measurement can be made to 11 digits
of resolution in one second. For frequencies
between 0 and 200MHz the SR620's front end
comparators may be directly used.
For
frequencies between 200MHz and 1.3GHz the
Ultra High Frequency (UHF) prescalers must be
used.
The number of cycles used in the sample is
determined by the GATE . The instrument will
always measure at least 1 period of the input.
Gates from 1ms to 500s, or EXTernal gates may
be selected from the front panel. The actual gate
time for the internal gates is the gate time set on
the front panel multiplied by the "gate scale" set in
the configuration menu. Thus if one desired a 20s
gate one would set the gate scale to 200 and the
gate time to 0.1s (0.1s x 200 = 20s). If the "gate
scale" is not set to the default of 1 the gate time
led on the front panel will blink. Due to internal
synchronization
circuitry,
the
frequency
measurement starts on the 2nd input edge after
the gate opens and ends on the second input
edge after the gate closes. Thus, a frequency
measurement always requires at least 2 complete
cycles of the input waveform.
The choice of GATE mode is determined mainly
by the desired resolution and measurement
speed. A longer gate results in a higher resolution
measurement with 11 digits obtainable in a one
second sample. The SR620 always adjusts the
number of displayed digits to reflect the
appropriate resolution depending on gate time.
The accuracy of frequency measurements is
determined by the accuracy of time interval
measurements.
For very short gates, the
accuracy is determined by the 200ps time interval
accuracy, while for long gates the accuracy is
limited by the accuracy of the timebase.
EXTERNAL gates may be applied to the EXT
input and may range from 5ns to 1000s, although
the SR620 always measures for at least 1 input
period regardless of the gate time. The setup time
for an external gate is about 10 ns. Additionally,
the EXT input may be used to trigger any of the
internal gates (in this mode both the "ext" and the
gate time LED will be on). This is useful , for
example, to synchronize a 0.1s gate to an external
event. Additionally, gates of 1 us to 10 ms may
be scanned using the SR620's scanning facility.
These gates must be externally triggered. The
gate may either be fixed in time relative to the EXT
input, or may be automatically scanned at the end
of a measurement of N samples. If scanned, the
step size is equal to the gate width and the initial
delay may be set between 1 and 50000 gates
times. This scanning ability allows one to make
measurements of frequency as a function of time
from some event, such as the time response of a
VCO to a step change in control voltage.
The RATIO of the frequencies of two inputs will be
displayed if both the A & B source LED are on. It
should be noted that the A and B frequencies are
not measured simultaneously but are measured
on alternate measurement cycles.
PERIOD
Period measurements are done virtually the same
way as frequency measurements, however the
reciprocal of the frequency is reported instead of
the frequency. Gating modes are identical to
those used in the frequency mode.
When both the A and B source lights are on, the
ratio of the periods of signals applied to the A and
B inputs may be displayed. Period ratios may span
from 10-9 to 10+3.
PHASE
The phase between the A and B inputs is
measured in this mode of operation. Two
measurements are actually being done: the period
of the A input and the time interval between the A
and B inputs. For example, suppose the A and B
inputs are both 1 KHz square waves (1000us
period) with the rising edge of B coming 250us
after the rising edge of A. The unit would measure
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Sample Arming
the period of the A input. Then it would make one
measurement of the time interval between A and
B. The result, 360 x (250us/1000us) = +90.0000
degrees, would be reported to the LED display.
Phase readings are always displayed between 180 and +180 degrees.
There are two gating options in phase mode:
INTERNAL and EXTERNAL. In INTERNAL mode
the gate for the period measurement is
automatically set to 0.01s and the time interval
measurement to +time. In EXTERNAL mode the
gate time is determined by the width of a pulse
applied to the EXT input. Two pulses must be
applied to the EXT input for each complete
measurement: the first arms the time interval
measurement and the second gates the period
measurement. The external arming pulses must
be separated by at least 15 ms. Additionally, one
may use the EXT input to trigger the 1us to 10ms
scannable gates in order to measure phase as a
function of time for repetitive events.
15
DELAYED ARMING MODES
In addition to the externally triggered arming
modes discussed previously, the SR620 has a
method of delayed external arming in which a user
adjustable delay is inserted between the EXT input
trigger and the arming circuitry. This delay may be
used in any of the externally triggered arming
modes. This allows one to arm a measurement at
a time other than when the external trigger arrives.
This would be useful, for example, if one wanted
to measure the frequency of an oscillator as a
function of time from a sudden change in
frequency. The signal that causes the change
would be the external trigger and by adjusting the
delay one could measure the frequency as a
function of time.
COUNT
In this mode the unit will display the number of
events at the A or B inputs which occurred during
the gate. The gate choices are the same as for
frequency and period modes. As in the frequency
mode of operation, an internal gate may be
triggered by, or delayed relative to, the EXT input.
An event occurs when the input passes through
threshold with the selected slope. When both the
A and B source LED's are on, the ratio ( A/B ) of
events occurring on the two channels is displayed.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
16
Sample Arming
The delay may be adjusted in step sizes ranging
from 1ms to 10ms and the total delay may be set
between 1 and 50000 steps. In modes such as
frequency, period, and +TIME EXTERNAL STOP
HOLDOFF that require an external input of some
width, the delay will be followed by a gate one step
size wide (not the width of the external trigger
pulse!). The SR620 has the ability to automatically
scan the trigger delay after each measurement.
This is discussed in the "SCANNING" section of
the "CONFIGURATION MENU" chapter of this
manual. If the delay feature is enabled the "EXT"
led in the arming section will blink.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Configuration Menus
17
CONFIGURATION MENUS
The SR620 has many control parameters that are
rarely , if ever, adjusted. These parameters are
set in the SR620's four configuration menus. The
configuration menus are accessed by pressing
either the "SET" or "SEL" keys in the CONFIG
section of the front panel. The submenu selection
line then appears and one may choose the
submenu of interest by pressing the "SEL" key.
The currently selected submenu name will flash.
Pressing the "SET" key will then scroll through the
lines of the selected submenu. Pressing the "SEL"
key will return one to the submenu selection
line.The parameters displayed in each submenu
line may be adjusted by pressing either the "scale"
or the "sample size" up and down arrow keys. The
appropriate keys will always be under the
parameter of interest. Pressing any other keys will
return one to the normal data display. The four
submenus are:
Configuration Menus
ctrl
cAL
out
Scn
Control: GPIB and RS-232 data.
Calibration data, Clock source.
Output: graphs, printer/plotter, DVM
scales, Jitter,gate scale,trigger scale.
Scan menu: #points, dwell, D/A and delay
control.
Note: The default parameter values for all settings
will be recalled if the RESET button in the
SAMPLE SIZE section is held down when the unit
is turned "ON". This will also recall the factory
calibration values.
CONTROL MENU (ctrl)
with a "dumb" terminal. DO NOT USE THE ECHO
WHEN CONNECTED TO A COMPUTER,
EXCEPT WHEN RUNNING A TERMINAL
EMULATION PROGRAM!!
An RS-232 dwell delay is available to interface to
slow computers. Each unit of delay corresponds to
about 2 ms of delay between characters. Add
delay if you experience problems when using the
SR620 via the RS-232.
Note: The RS-232 characteristics set here will not
affect the RS-232 port as used with a plotter. The
port will transmit at 9600 baud, 8 data bits and no
parity when used with a plotter.
Control Menu Items
Line Default Display
Comments
1
dAtA 00 00 00 00.
2
3
4
AddrESS
16
rS 232 bAud 9600
rS 232 Echo oFF
5
rS 232 bitS
6
rS 232 PAr nonE
7
rS 232 dLy
ASCII(Hex) of data from
controller.
GPIB Address.
RS-232 baud rate.
Turn Echo "ON" if used
with terminal.
Select 7 or 8 data bits
per character.
Parity bit control: select
even, odd or none.
Dwell time (x2 ms)
between characters.
The RS-232 baud rate may be set from 300 to
19.2k baud. If the RS-232 echo is enabled, every
character sent to the SR620 will be echoed back
to the sender. Use this only when using the SR620
0
CALIBRATION MENU (cAL)
This menu is used to calibrate the instrument and
to select the source for the timebase.
The control menu allows the communications
interfaces to be configured. The GPIB address
and RS-232 baud rates are set with this menu.
The first line of this menu will display the
characters received from the controller in
ASCII(Hex). The up/down keys in the SCOPE
AND CHART section may be used to scroll
through the last 256 characters received. A period
after the right-most digit indicates the last
character received by the unit.
8
Calibration and Clock Source Menu
Line Default Display
Comments
1
Auto cAL
2
cLoc SourcE int
3
cLoc Fr --------
4
cALdAt 000 01947
Press "START" key for
Autocal procedure.
Select Timebase source
(int/rear).
Specify Ext timebase
frequency (5/10 MHz).
Access
to
180
calibration words.
The "Autocal" procedure is used to null insertion
delay differences between the start and stop
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
18
Configuration Menus
channels, and to reduce the differential nonlinearity of the analog interpolators. It may be done
whenever the instrument is completely warmed
up, and should be done once a year or after 1000
operating hours. It is recommended that the EXT,
A, and B inputs be disconnected while Autocal is
running.
To run Autocal, allow the SR620 to warm up for at
least 1/2 hour, press the START button in the
SAMPLE SIZE section. This procedure may not be
started until the red CLOCK LED in the CONFIG
section goes off, otherwise a cAL Error 01 will
result. The autocal procedure takes about two
minutes to run, and ends with the message "cAL
donE", then returns to taking measurements. (See
the TROUBLESHOOTING if "cal errors" occur.)
The Autocal procedure may be stopped by
pressing the "reset" key. None of the SR620's
calibration constants are changed until autocal is
complete so stopping in the middle will not affect
the SR620's calibration.
The "cloc SourcE"selects the timebase source.
The up/down buttons may be used to select
between the internal (int) or external (rear)
timebases. If an external timebase is selected,
then the frequency must be specified as either 5 or
10 MHz. When an external timebase is selected,
the SR620 will phase-lock its crystal oscillator to
the external source. If it cannot lock to the external
source, then the red CLOCK LED will turn on in
the CONFIG section. ( This LED is ALWAYS on
for the first few minutes of operation.) Failure to
phaselock may be due to any to the following: (1)
External reference has insufficient amplitude,
stability, or accuracy, (2) the wrong frequency was
specified in the "cLoc Fr" menu, (3) the optional
ovenized oscillator needs to be adjusted to be
within lock range of the external source.
The "cALdAt" line allows the user to adjust the
SR620's 180 calibration bytes provided that the
"cal enable" jumper on the main circuit board is in
the "enable" position. If the jumper is in the
"disable" position this menu line will not appear.
The meaning of these calibration bytes is
described in the CALIBRATION section of this
manual.
OUTPUT MENU (out)
The output menu enables scope displays, selects
the hardcopy device, sets the DVM scales,
chooses a jitter representation, and sets gate and
trigger scales.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Output Configuration Menus
Line Default Display
Comments
1
2
grAPh on
outPut PrintEr
3
Plot Port rS232
4
PlottEr Addr 5
5
6
Pm Port- Print
ScALE Auto Auto
7
JitEr Std dEv
8
GatE ScAIE 1
9
trig ScAIE 5.00
Enable scope displays.
Select Printer or Plotter
for hardcopy.
Specify RS-232 or GPIB
for plotter port.
Specify plotter’s GPIB
address.
Set printer port mode
DVM #1 and DVM #2
full scale range
Specify Standard
deviation or Allan
Variance.
sets the gate scale
factor
sets trigger knobs full
scale range
The scope displays may be disabled by turning
graphs "off" in the first line of the output menu.
Turning the graphs off will reduce the dead time at
the end of a measurement from 60 ms to about 3
ms.
The next line is used to select the hardcopy
device. If a printer is specified as the hardcopy
device, then it must be connected to the
Centronics compatible printer port. The printer
must be an "Epson compatible" printer, with
graphics capabilities. Virtually all printers used
with PC's will suffice. The printer may be
connected to the SR620 with the same printer
cable which is used with a PC.
If a plotter is specified, the plotter may be
connected to either the RS-232 port or the GPIB
port. The port which is used for the plotter must be
specified in the next line of the output menu. The
plotter should be set for 9600 baud, 8 data bits, no
parity, with hardware handshaking using the RS232 control lines "CTS" and "DTR" (this is the
default of most plotters). The RS-232
characteristics which are set in the control menu
have no effect on the RS-232 port when used with
a plotter. If the GPIB port is specified for plotter
output, then the plotter's GPIB address must be
set in the next line of the output menu.
The PRINTER PORT may be used as a general
purpose digital I/O port. If a printer is to be used,
then this port should be setup as a printer port. If
the PRINTER PORT is not configured for a printer,
the message "Print diSAbLEd" will appear when
Configuration Menus
the PRINT key is pressed. When set as an output,
the port may be used as an 8 bit digital output port
which is set by the controlling computer. When set
as an input port, the controlling computer may
read the eight bits asserted at the input port.
Printer Port Pin Assignments
Pin
Name
Function
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
16
1
11
15
14
17
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
D8
-INIT
-STROBE
BUSY
-ERROR
-AUTOFEED
-25
Data bit I/O
Data bit I/O
Data bit I/O
Data bit I/O
Data bit I/O
Data bit I/O
Data bit I/O
Data bit I/O
Printer initialization
Byte output strobe
Printer busy
Printer error
+5V via 1 kOhm
Chassis ground
The "ScALE" line allows the DVM input ranges to
be fixed to either 2.000 or 20.00 volts full scale.
The default condition allows the DVM's to autoscale.
oscillator step response, etc. The SR620 can, at
the end of each measurement of N points,
automatically step either or both of its d/a output
voltages, and its external trigger delay (see
ARMING section).
The D/A scans allow measurements of timing,
frequency, phase, etc. versus an applied voltage.
(Example: the frequency of a VCO as a function of
Voltage.) The D/A outputs may also be set to fixed
values in the range of +-10 VDC with 5 mV
resolution.
Delay scans allow measurements of timing,
frequency, phase, etc. versus delay from an
external trigger. (Example: the frequency of a VCO
as a function of time after a voltage step is
applied.)
Scan Configuration Menu
Line Default Display
1
2
3
4
The "JittEr" line is used to select the
representation for the jitter values. Either a
standard deviation (root of the mean squared
deviation, ie. rms) or the root Allan variance may
be displayed.
5
6
7
The "gAtE ScAlE" line will appear in frequency,
period, and count modes. The actual gate time for
a sample is equal to the front panel "gate time"
setting multiplied by the gate scale. For example,
with a gate time of 0.01s and a gate scale of 5E-3
the actual gate time will be 0.01s x 5E-3 = 50ms.
If the gate scale is set to other than the default of 1
the gate time LED will blink. Gate scales ranging
from 1E-4 to 500 allow 1ms to 500s gates.
The "trig ScAle" line allows the setting of the full
scale range of the trigger knobs to either 1.25,
2.50, or 5.00 volts. This allows small trigger levels
to be set more easily. The resolution is 10mV in
all cases. This setting does not affect the trigger
level range over the communications interfaces.
SCAN MENU (Scn)
The SR620 has a scanning capability that allows
automatic measurement of VCO tuning curves,
19
8
9
ScAn EnA
Comments
oFF
Enable/disable delay and
voltage scans.
ScAn PtS
250 Set the number of point
in a scan.
hoLd
.01 Sec
Set dwell time between
points.
dA Src chrt chrt
Set D/A function: strip
chart or D/A .
dA ---.--- ---.--Set D/A voltage when
configured as D/A
SteP ---.--- ---.--Set D/A step size for
voltage scans.
dELAy Scan oFF Enable/disable
delay
scans.
gAtE-StEP 1E-6 Set gate width and step
size
StArt 0.000001 Set delayed gate start
position
The scan menu is used to set and scan D/A
values, gate widths and gate delays from an EXT
input. The scan menu allows one to compose a
graph on an XY scope of a particular
measurement ( frequency, for example ) vs. time
or voltage.
The first line of the scan menu is used to enable
scans. Scans may be turned "oFF" or set to
"SingLE" or "rEPEAt". In the "single" setting the
the SR620 will take one scan and stop. In the
"repeat" mode the SR620 will automatically reset
the scan parameters at the end of a scan and start
another scan.
In either mode pressing the
"START" button will take a single scan point, while
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
20
Configuration Menus
automeasure will automatically take a whole scan.
In the single scan mode automeasure will
automatically be disabled at the end of the single
scan. Pressing the "RESET " button will reset and
retake a single scan point and turning off
automeasure will pause the scan. A scan may be
reset by pressing the "CLR" button in the "graph"
section of the front panel. When delay scans are
enabled, the function of the EXT gate/arm input
changes dramatically, and so whenever the unit is
first turned on, scans will always be disabled.
The next line of the scan menu sets the number of
points in the scan. The maximum value is 250
points, corresponding to the horizontal resolution
of the scope display. Scans with fewer points will,
of course, be completed in less time. Each point in
the scan contains data from the number of points
specified in the SAMPLE SIZE.
Line 3 allows the dwell time (hoLd) to be set. The
dwell takes place at the end of every scan point to
allow time for the D/A values and the signal source
time to settle. The default dwell time is 10 ms.
Longer dwells may be set if required by the
system under test.
The dA Src line sets the source for the rear panel
D/A outputs (dA Src). The default setting for these
outputs is "chrt". The default function of the D/A
outputs is as analog outputs to strip chart (chrt)
recorders. D/A #1 outputs a voltage proportional
the the MEAN value of the current measurement,
and D/A #2 outputs a voltage proportional to the
JITTER. The scale factors for these outputs is the
same as those set for the scope displays. The
default function may be overridden by selecting
"dAc" instead of "chrt", allowing the D/A voltage to
be set and scanned.
Line 7 is used to enable delay scans. The
SR620's scanning delay is a programmable delay
inserted between the EXT input and the sample
arming circuitry. These scans will, of course,
require an external trigger and the arming mode to
be set to EXT. This delay may be adjusted in step
sizes ranging from 1ms to 10ms with an initial
delay at the beginning of the scan of between 1
and 50000 step sizes. The delay will take one
step after each scan point (a maximum of 250
steps in a scan). For arming modes that require a
gate the delay will be followed by a gate of one
step size width (see ARMING section).
The delay enable may be set to "off", "hold", or
"scan". In the "off" position the delay is disabled
and the EXT input functions normally. In the
"hold" setting the delay is enabled but does not
step. This allows one to delay the EXT trigger by
a known amount. If one chooses "hold" and
selects "repeat" scan the SR620 will function
exactly as normal except for the delay between
EXT and arming. The "scan" setting will scan the
delay by one step size after each scan point.
NOTE: the arming mode must be set to EXT for
the delay scan to function, otherwise the delay
scan is ignored. If the delay scan is enabled the
EXT led will blink.
The gate width and delay step size is set in the
next line. Gate widths from 1 us to 10 ms may be
set in a 1,2,5 sequence.
The gate start position is set in the last line of the
scan menu. The start position may be set from 1
to 50,000 gate widths. The gate delay will be
increased by one gate width after each group of
measurements (per the SAMPLE SIZE).
EXAMPLE D/A SCAN
The next menu allows the D/A voltages to be set.
The up/down keys may be used to adjust the
voltages from +-10 VDC in 5 mV steps. (If the
source has been set to "dAc" and not "chrt".) The
D/A will provide a voltage as set, and the set
voltage will be the starting point for each D/A scan.
The step size taken by each D/A may be
programmed in the next line of this menu. The
step size may be adjusted to any value from -10 to
+10 volts with 5 mV resolution. For D/A scans, this
is the last menu line which must be set. If the step
size is set for 0.0V the D/A outputs will always be
set to the programmed voltage. However, if the
step size is not zero the D/A voltages will only be
reset when the scan is reset and the actual output
voltage will be that corresponding to the current
scan point Vout = N*step_size + vstart.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
In this example, the frequency of a VCO will be
plotted as a function of applied voltage. The VCO
range is 1 to 6 VDC, and we want at least 200
points in the scan. The D/A #2 output will be used
to control the VCO.
First, set the SR620 to measure FREQuency of
the A input with a 0.01 s gate. Select a SAMPLE
SIZE of 1. Clear the DISPLAY REL and select
MEAN for the scope display. The rear panel output
for D/A #2 is connected to the VCO under test, an
the VCO output is connected to the A input.
In the CONFIG menu, SET lines 1 through 6 as
follows:
Configuration Menus
Scan Configuration Menu for D/A Scan
Example
Line Display
1
2
3
4
5
6
Function
ScAn EnA rEPEAt Enable repeated D/A
scans
ScAn PtS
250 Take 250 point in each
scan
hoLd
0.01 S Minimum hold time
dA Src chrt dAc D/A #2 setup as D/A
dA
---.--- 1.000 D/A #2 starts at 1.0 VDC
StEP -.--- 0.020 250*.02V = 5V scan
Leave the CONFIG menu by pressing the
"RESET" key in the SAMPLE SIZE section. Then
press and hold the "START" key to turn on the
AUTO LED to initiate D/A scanning. After a few
seconds, press the "AUTO" key in the SCOPE
AND CHART section to scale the scope display.
Note: If the VCO stops running, then the SR620
will stop taking data, and everything stops. Clearly,
you should select a VCO voltage ramp so that the
oscillator never stops oscillating.
We chose D/A #2 to control the VCO so that D/A
#1 would still be available for its default function,
to output a voltage proportional to the mean value
(frequency). This will allow an XY chart recorder to
plot the linearity curve of the VCO, with the applied
21
voltage on the x-axis, and the measured frequency
on the y-axis. Of course, hardcopy of the scope
display ( which shows the linearity curve ) may be
printed or plotted.
EXAMPLE OF A TIME SCAN
In this example, the frequency of a VCO is
measured as a function of time after the control
voltage is stepped. The front panel 1 kHz "REF
OUT" serves as the EXT trigger and as a trigger to
the pulse generator that stepped the voltage to the
VCO. An internally generated 1 us gate will be
scanned in 1 us increments to record the
frequency of the VCO as a function of time on
successive triggers. Clearly, for this sampling
technique to work, the frequency of the VCO
needs to be reproducible from trigger to trigger.
The SR620 should be setup to measure the
frequency of the A input. It is important to select
an EXTernal gate in the GATE/ARM section. The
EXT LED will blink when the Delay Scan is
enabled in the CONFIG menu. Set the SAMPLE
SIZE to 10, and choose the MEAN for the scope
display. Select TTL for the REF OUT level, and
adjust the EXT trigger input threshold to 1 volt,
rising edge. Use autolevel for the A input.
The strip chart of the
mean for the D/A scan
is shown here. In this
case,
the
VCO
frequency decreases as
the
control
voltage
increases.
The cursor shows a
frequency of 1.9632
MHz at the 104th point
in the scan.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
22
Configuration Menus
Now use the CONFIG section to setup the scan.
Press the "SEL" key to select the "Scn" menu.
Press the "SET" key and use the SCOPE AND
CHART up/down keys to setup the scan
parameters as follows:
Scan Configuration Menu for Example
Line Display
Function
1 ScAn EnA rEPEAt Enable repeated scans
2 ScAn PtS
250 Set 250 points per scan
3 hoLd
0.01 S Set minimum hold time
4 dA Src chrt chrt
DefaultbD/A functions
5 dA --.--- --..--Can’t set D/A voltages
6 Step -.--- -.--Not stepping D/A’s
7 dELAy ScAn ScAn Enable delay scans
8 gAtE-StEP 1E-6
1 us gate width & step
9 StArt 0.000001 Start scan delay at 1 us
The strip chart of the
mean for the time scan is
shown here.
A pulse of 100 us
duration, delayed by 100
us from the EXT trigger,
was applied to the VCO
input of an RC oscillator.
The scan shows the
transient
frequency
response of the oscillator.
The cursor indicates a
frequency of 77.34203
kHz at 210 us after the
EXT trigger input.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Then press the "RESET" key in the SAMPLE SIZE
section to exit from the CONFIG menus.The
SR620 will compose a scope display showing the
frequency of the VCO as a function of time after
the rising edge of the REF OUT. If the oscillator
stops, then the scan will stop. The "AUTO" key in
the SCOPE AND CHART section may be used to
scale the scope display, and the "PRINT" key may
be use to generate hardcopy.
Specification Guide
23
SR620 SPECIFICATION GUIDE
This section provides a guide to understanding the SR620's specifications and their effect on the accuracy
and resolution of a measurement. First a little terminology-
TERMINOLOGY
LEAST SIGNIFICANT DIGIT (LSD)
The LSD is the smallest displayed increment in a measurement. The SR620 has a 4ps single-shot LSD and
thus the smallest amount that two single-shot time interval measurements may differ by is 4ps.
RESOLUTION
Resolution is the smallest difference in a measurement that the SR620 can discern. That is, the smallest
statistically significant change which can be measured by the SR620. Resolution is of primary interest in
comparing readings from the same instrument. The instrument resolution is limited by many things including
short-term timebase stability, internal noise, trigger noise,etc. Because these processes are random in
nature, resolution is specified as an rms value rather than a peak value. This rms value is the standard
deviation of the measured value. The SR620's single-shot resolution is typically 25ps rms. This number can
be improved by averaging over many measurements, or in the case of frequency and period measurements,
increasing the gate time. The single-shot LSD is always smaller than the single-shot resolution.
ERROR
Error is defined as the difference between the measured value and actual value of the signal being measured.
The error in a measurement is of primary concern when the absolute value of the parameter being measured
is important. Error consists of the random factors mentioned above and systematic uncertainties in the
measurement. Systematic uncertainties include timebase aging, trigger level error, insertion delay, etc..
Systematic errors may always be measured and subtracted from subsequent measurements to reduce the
error. The SR620's absolute error is typically less than 0.5ns for time interval measurements less than 1ms.
DIFFERENTIAL NON-LINEARITY
Absolute error is of interest in determining how far a value is from the actual value. Often only the relative
accuracy (the difference between two measurements) is important.
Differential non-linearity is a
measurement of the relative accuracy of a measurement and is specified as the maximum time error for any
given relative measurement. The SR620's differential non-linearity is typically ±50ps. That means if the time
interval is changed by some amount the SR620 will report that change to within ±50ps of that change.
Graphs 1 and 2 show the SR620's typical differential non-linearity as a function of time interval. Graph 1
shows the non-linearity over the time range of 0 to 11ns. The deviations are due to the residual non-linearity
of the time-to-amplitude converters. This curve repeats every 11.11ns- the period of the time-to-amplitude
converters. Graph 2 shows the non-linearity over the time range of 0 to 11ms. For times greater than 11ms
the non-linearity is dominated by the timebase error.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
24
Specification Guide
Graph 1: Differential Non-linearity for time
differences of 0 to 11 ns. This shows the
residual non-linearity of the time-to-amplitude
converters.
Graph 2: Differential Non-linearity for time
differences of 0 to 11ms.
TIMEBASE SPECIFICATIONS
The specifications of the timebase affect both the resolution and error of measurements made with the
SR620. A timebase may be specified by two parameters: its short-term stability and its long-term stability.
SHORT-TERM STABILITY
The short-term stability of an oscillator is a measure of the changes in the output frequency of the oscillator on
a short time scale- seconds or less. These changes in the frequency are usually random and are due to
internal oscillator noise, output level modulation,etc. These random changes in frequency affect the resolution
of the measurement just as other internal noise does. The short-term stability of an oscillator is usually
characterized by specifying either its Allan variance or its phase noise. The SR620's timebase short-term
stability is specified by its Allan variance. Specified values for 1 second gate times are:
1.0s gate
standard oscillator
3x10-10
oven oscillator
5x10-12
The resolution of the SR620 is specified as resolution = ((25ps)2+ (time interval x short-term stability)2)1/2 rms
so for time interval greater than 125ms (standard oscillator) or 500ms (oven oscillator) the short-term stability
of the timebase will dominate the resolution limit of the SR620.
LONG-TERM STABILITY
The long-term stability of an oscillator is a measure of its changes in frequency over long time intervalshours, days, months, or years. It is the long term stability of the timebase that will ultimately limit the absolute
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Specification Guide
25
accuracy of the SR620 and determines the calibration interval necessary to maintain a desired error limit.
The long-term stability consists of two components: oscillator aging and oscillator temperature response. The
aging of an oscillator is the change in frequency over time due to physical changes in the components
(usually the crystal) and is usually specified as a fractional frequency change over some measurement period.
Temperature response is due to changes in the oscillator characteristics as a function of ambient temperature
and is specified as a fractional frequency change over some temperature range. The timebase for the SR620
is specified as:
aging
temperature response
standard oscillator
1x10-6/yr
1x10-6 0 to 50°C
oven oscillator
5x10-10/day
5x10-9 0 to 50°C
So, for example, with the oven oscillator 30 days after calibration the oscillator may have drifted at most 30 x
5x10-10 x 10MHz = 0.15Hz. Also, a worst case temperature variation must be assumed when evaluating the
worst case error. That is, for example, the optional oscillator must be assumed to be at worst 5ppb in error
because the conditions when the SR620 was calibrated are unknown.
EXTERNAL TIMEBASES
The SR620 has a rear panel input that will accept either a 5 or 10Mhz external timebase. The SR620 phaselocks its internal timebase to this reference. The phase-locked loop has a bandwidth of about 20Hz and thus
the characteristics the the SR620's clock, for measurement times longer than 50ms, become that of the
external source. For shorter measurement times the clock characteristics are unimportant compared to the
internal jitter (25ps rms) of the SR620. Thus, if the signal from a Cesium clock is input into a SR620 with a
standard TCXO oscillator the short-term and long-term stability of the SR620 will become that of the Cesium
clock.
TRIGGER INPUT SPECIFICATIONS
There are two ways that the inputs can affect the resolution and accuracy of a measurement. The first is
called trigger jitter and is due to random noise on the A and B input signals and the trigger input buffers. This
random noise causes the input to trigger at a time different than it otherwise would in the absence of noise.
Because this is a random process this affects the resolution just as the other random noise sources do.
Trigger timing jitter can be minimized by careful grounding and shielding of the input and by maximizing the
input slew rate. Note, however, that the slew rate is limited by the SR620's 1ns input rise time. The trigger
timing jitter can be described by the equation:
Trigger Timing Jitter =
(E internal )
2
+ (Esignal
)
2
Input Slew Rate
where
E internal = internal input noise ( 350 µV rms typical )
E input = input signal noise
If the trigger level is set to a value other than the intended value the time interval measured will be in error.
This error, trigger level timing error, is a systematic error that affects only the error of the measurement and
not its resolution. The SR620's trigger thresholds are set to an accuracy of 15mV + 0.5% of value. The effect
this has on the measurement is given by:
Trigger Level Timing Error =
15 mV + 0.5% of setting
Input Slew Rate
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
26
Specification Guide
Graphs 3 and 4 show the effects of trigger timing jitter and trigger timing level error on resolution and error.
These graphs are applicable to all measurements, not just time intervals.
Graph 3: Effect of input noise on measurement
resolution. Averaging reduces the effects of
noise.
Graph 4: Effect of
measurement error.
input
slew
rate
on
MEASUREMENT ACCURACY
The following equations allow one to calculate the SR620's resolution and error in the various measurement
modes. The SR620's typical specification are used in the following equations. For worst case bounds simply
replace the typical with the worst case numbers.
NOTE: The quantities added to calculate the SR620's resolution are independent rms quantities and must be
added in quadrature:
total =
x 12 + x 22 + …
NOTE: "timebase error" refers to the sum of aging and temperature effects.
TIME INTERVAL, WIDTH, RISE/FALL TIME MODES:
In the time measurement modes the measurement resolution and error are given by:
N = number of samples averaged
2
Resolution =
±
2
2
( 25 ps ) + (time interval × short term stability ) + (start trigger jitter ) + (stop trigger jitter )
N
2
Error = ± resolution ± ( timebase error × time interval ) ± start trigger level error ± stop trigger level error ± 0.5 ns
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Specification Guide
27
FREQUENCY MODE
In frequency mode the measurement resolution and error are given by:
N = number of samples averaged
Resolution = ±
frequency
gate time
2
2
(25 ps) + (short term stability × gate time ) + 2 × (trigger jitter )
N
Error = ± resolution ± ( timebase error × frequency ) ±
2
100 ps
× frequency
gate time
The SR620's typical single-shot frequency resolution as a function of gate time is shown in Graph 5. The
curves are for the standard oscillator, the optional oven oscillator, and an external high stability reference.
The input signal noise is negligible.
Graph 5: Typical frequency resolution as a function
of gate time for the SR620's three oscillator options.
PERIOD MODE
In period mode the measurement resolution and error are given by:
N = number of samples averaged
Resolution = ±
period
gate time
2
2
(25 ps) + (short term stability × gate time) + 2 × (trigger jitter )
N
Error = ± resolution ± ( timebase error × period) ±
2
100ps
× period
gate time
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
28
Specification Guide
PHASE MODE
In phase mode the measurement resolution and error are given by:
N = number of samples averaged
note: the gate time is 10ms in internal mode
Resolution = ± 0. 001° ± 360
Error = ± resolution ±
2
2
2
2
(25 ps) + (gate time × short term stability ) + 2 × (trigger jitter )   phase × period  
1 + 
2
  360 × gate time  
period × N
(timebase error × timeinterval ) ± start trigger level error ± stop trigger level error ± 0. 5ns
−8
timebase error × period ± 1 × 10 × period
× 360°
Graph 6 shows the SR620's single-shot phase resolution as a function of frequency. The resolution may be
increased by averaging.
Graph 6:
frequency.
Single-Shot
COUNT MODE
The resolution and error for count mode are:
Resolution = ±1 count
Error = ±1 count
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
phase
resolution
vs.
Programming Commands
29
PROGRAMMING THE SR620
The SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter may
be remotely programmed via either the RS232 or
GPIB (IEEE-488) interfaces. Any computer
supporting one of these interfaces may be used to
program the SR620. Both interfaces are active at
all times: the SR620 will send responses to the
interface which asked the question. All front and
rear panel features (except power) may be
controlled.
Communicating with GPIB
The SR620 supports the IEEE-488.1 (1978)
interface standard. It also supports the required
common commands of the IEEE-488.2 (1987)
standard. Before attempting to communicate with
the SR620 over the GPIB interface, the SR620's
device address must be set. The address is set in
the CTRL submenu of the CONFIGuration menu
and may be set between 0 and 30.
Communicating with RS232
The SR620 is configured as a DCE (transmit on
pin 3, receive on pin 2) and supports CTS/DTR
hardware handshaking. The CTS signal (pin 5) is
an output indicating that the SR620 is ready, while
the DTR signal (pin 20) is an input that is used to
control the SR620's transmitting. If desired, the
handshake pins may be ignored and a simple 3
wire interface (pins 2,3 and 7) may be used. The
RS232 interface baud rate, number of data bits,
and parity must be set. These may be set in the
CTRL submenu of the CONFIGuration menu. The
RS232 delay programs the time interval between
the SR620's transmitted characters if no
handshaking is used. The delay is equal to 2ms
times the setting and is usually set to 0 (no delay).
However, some slower computers may require a
delay. The RS232 echo should be set OFF if the
SR620 is connected to a computer. It may be ON
if connected to a terminal or a terminal emulation
program.
expects and the values that it will return . When
the unit is controlled by a computer, the echo
feature should be turned OFF.
Front Panel LEDs and data window
To assist in programming, the SR620 has 3 front
panel status LEDs. The ACT LED flashes
whenever a character is received or sent over
either interface. The ERR LED flashes when an
error has been detected, such as an illegal
command, or parameter out of range. The REM
LED is lit whenever the SR620 is in a remote state
(front panel locked out).
To help find program errors, the SR620 has an
input data window which displays the data
received over either the GPIB or RS232
interfaces. This window is the first menu line in the
CTRL submenu and displays the received data in
hexadecimal format.One may scroll back and forth
through the last 256 characters received using the
SCALE up/down arrow keys. A decimal point
indicates the most recently received character.
Command Syntax
RS232 echo and no echo operation
Communications with the SR620 use ASCII
characters. Commands may be in either UPPER
or lower case and may contain any number of
embedded space characters. A command to the
SR620 consists of a four character command
mnemonic, arguments if necessary, and a
command terminator. The terminator may be
either a carriage return <cr> or linefeed <lf> on
RS232, or a linefeed <lf> or EOI on GPIB. No
command processing occurs until a command
terminator is received. All commands function
identically on GPIB and RS232.
Command
mnemonics beginning with an asterisk "*" are
IEEE-488.2 (1987) defined common commands.
These commands also function identically on
RS232. Commands may require one or more
parameters. Multiple parameters are separated by
commas ",".
When the RS232 echo mode is ON the SR620 will
echo all characters sent to it , will send linefeeds in
addition to carriage returns, and will return the
prompts -> and ?> to indicate that a command
was either processed correctly or contained errors.
The RS232 echo mode is good way to become
familiar with the commands that the SR620
Multiple commands may be sent on one command
line by separating them by semicolons ";". The
difference between sending several commands on
the same line and sending several independent
commands is that when a command line is parsed
and executed the entire line is executed before
any other device action proceeds. This allow
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
30
Programming Commands
synchronization to be achieved
synchronization commands.
using
the
There is no need to wait between commands. The
SR620 has a 256 character input buffer and
processes commands in the order received. If the
buffer fills up the SR620 will hold off handshaking
on the GPIB and attempt to hold off handshaking
on RS232. If the buffer overflows the buffer will be
cleared and an error reported. Similarly, the
SR620 has a 256 character output buffer to store
output until the host computer is ready to receive
it. If the output buffer fills up it is cleared and an
error reported. The GPIB output buffer may be
cleared by using the Device Clear universal
command.
The present value of a particular parameter may
be determined by querying the SR620 for its
value. A query is formed by appending a question
mark "?" to the command mnemonic and omitting
the desired parameter from the command. If
multiple queries are sent on one command line
(separated by semicolons, of course) the answers
will be returned in a single response line with the
individual responses separated by semicolons.
The default response terminator that the SR620
sends with any answer to a query is carriage
return-linefeed <cr><lf> on RS232 and linefeed
plus EOI on GPIB. The RS232 terminator may be
changed using the ENDT command, while the
GPIB terminator is fixed. All commands return
integer results except as noted in individual
command descriptions.
Examples of Command Formats
Sets the A channel input
impedence to 1 Mohm (2
parameters).
TERM? 1 <lf>
Queries
the
A
input
termination (query of 2
parameter command).
.*IDN? <lf>
Queries
the
device
identification
(query, no
parameters).
STRT <lf>
Starts a measurement no
parameters).
MODE 1 ; MODE? <lf>
Sets mode to width (1) then
queries the mode.
sequence consists of parameters. Multiple
parameters
are
separated
by
commas.
Parameters shown in {} are optional or may be
queried while those not in {} are required.
Commands that may be queried have a question
mark? in parentheses (?) after the mnemonic.
Commands that may ONLY be queried have a ?
after the mnemonic. Commands that MAY NOT
be queried have no?. Do not send ( ) or { } as part
of the command.
Variable i is an integer that selects an input
channel for the command:
i
0
1
2
Channel
External input
A input
B input
The variables j,k,l,m, and n are also integers. The
variable x is a real number.
All variables may be expressed in integer, floating
point or exponential formats ( ie., the number five
can be either 5, 5.0, or .5E1).
IMPORTANT NOTE: ALL of the front panel
settings to the left of the "CONFIG" button, and the
JITTER type (Allan variance or standard deviation)
are properties of the present operating mode and
are saved when the mode is changed. Thus, if the
mode is changed the previous settings of these
parameters in the new mode will automatically be
set. The programmer MUST be careful to set all
relevant parameters each time the mode is
changed to prevent conflicts between the
presumed and actual states of the instrument.
TERM 1, 1 <lf>
Detailed Command List
The four letter mnemonic in each command
sequence specifies the command. The rest of the
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Trigger Control Commands
LEVL(?)
i {,x}
The LEVL command sets, or reads, the trigger
threshold for channel i. If the SR620 is in the
autolevel mode, this command will turn off the
autolevel mode and set the desired threshold.
The trigger level set by the LEVL command will
remain in effect until the front panel knob is
rotated. In remote mode the front panel knob is
ignored. If the trigger level is queried (LEVL? i )
the answer returned is a floating point number with
2 digits to the right of the decimal point, for
example, -1.07.
Programming Commands
MTRG j
Measurement Control Commands
The MTRG command is equivalent to pushing the
manual trigger button and only functions when the
unit is in an external arming mode. In the external
gate modes the parameter j = 1 starts the gate and
j = 0 stops the gate. Otherwise the value of j is
ignored.
*TRG
The MTRG command has no effect if a
measurement has not been started ( a STRT
command, or front panel button push ), or is the
SR620 is in holdoff at the end of a scan point.
ARMM (?) {j}
RLVL (?) {j}
The RLVL command sets the amplitude of the
front panel reference output. The parameter j = 0
selects ECL output while j = 1 selects TTL output.
31
The *TRG command is the device trigger common
command. It functions identically to the STRT
command and to pushing the front panel "START"
button.
The ARMM command selects the SR620's arming
mode. The parameter j sets the mode according
to the following table. The measurement modes in
which a particular type of arming is allowed is also
shown
j
arming mode
measurement modes
0
1
±time
+time
2
3
1 period
0.01s gate
4
0.1s gate
5
1.0s gate
6
7
ext trig +- time
ext trig +time
8
ext gate/+ time/hldf
9
10
ext triggered 1 period
ext triggered .01s gate
The TMOD command selects the trigger mode of
the A and B inputs. The parameter j = 0 selects
normal mode while j = 1 selects autolevel mode.
Once autolevel is selected it will remain in effect
until the level is set by the LEVL command, it is
turned off by the TMOD command, or the front
panel knob is rotated.
11
ext triggered 0.1s gate
12
ext triggered 1.0s gate
time
time, width,rise/fall
time, phase
frequency, period
frequency, period,
count
frequency, period,
count
frequency, period,
count
time
time, width, rise/fall
time, phase
time, width,
frequency, period,
count
frequency, period
frequency, period,
count
frequency, period,
count
frequency, period,
count
TSLP (?) i{,j}
AUTM (?) {j}
The TSLP command selects the trigger slopes of
the EXT, A, and B inputs. The parameter j = 0
selects positive slope while j = 1 selects negative
slope.
The AUTM command sets the auto measurement
mode. The parameter j = 1 sets the AUTO mode
"ON" and the SR620 will automatically start a new
measurement of N samples when the old one is
complete. The parameter j = 0 sets the AUTO
mode "OFF" and requires an individual command
to start each measurement. It is recommended
that auto measurement be OFF if a computer is
being used to take data as this allows
TCPL (?) i {,j}
The TCPL command sets the ac/dc coupling of the
channel A and B inputs. The parameter j = 0
selects dc while j = 1 selects ac.
TERM (?) i {,j}
The TERM command selects the input termination
of the EXT, A, and B inputs. The parameter j = 0
selects 50 Ohm termination while j = 1 selects 1
Mohm termination. Also, in frequency and period
modes, the value j = 2 selects the UHF prescalers
( the 50 ohm terminator is automatically selected
with the prescalers).
TMOD (?) i{,j}
Use of the scanning internal gate requires that the
unit be in arming mode 6,7, or 8.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
32
Programming Commands
synchronizing of the measurements with the
returned answers.
desired values because changing modes may
cause them to change.
DREL (?) j
SIZE (?) x
The DREL command sets the display rel and is
equivalent to the front panel "SET REL" button.
The parameter j = 1 sets the REL, j = 0 clears the
REL, and j = 2 clears the REL and the results of
the last measurement, j =3 sets the REL to the
current cursor position.
The SIZE command sets the number of samples
in a measurement. The parameter x may be
between 1 and 10^6 in a 1,2,5 sequence. The
SIZE? query returns a floating point number with
one significant digit.
SRCE (?) j
COMP
The COMP command changes the arming parity
in ± time arming mode. This command is the same
as toggling the state of the front panel COMPL
LED.
GATE (?) x
The GATE command sets the width of the
frequency, period, or count gate to x. The gate
width x may range from 1ms to 500s in a 1,2,5
sequence. If the value x is negative the gate is set
to an externally triggered gate of width x. If the
measurement mode or arming mode do not
support gates an error occurs.
JTTR (?) j
The JTTR command sets the type of jitter
calculation. The parameter j = 0 sets standard
deviation calculation while j = 1 sets Allan
variance. It should be noted that the jitter type is a
property of the present mode and that if the mode
is changed the jitter type may also change.
MODE (?) j
The MODE command sets the instrument
measurement mode according to the following
table:
j
mode
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
time
width
rise/fall time
frequency
period
phase
count
Note: after setting the SR620's mode the other
measurement parameters should be set to their
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
The SRCE command sets the source of the
measurement. The parameter j = 0 set the source
to A, j = 1 sets the source to B, and j = 2 sets the
source to REF. Additionally, in frequency, period,
and count modes j = 3 sets the source to ratio
(A/B). In phase mode the source is fixed and may
not be set while in rise/fall time REF may not be
selected as the source.
STRT
The STRT command is equivalent to pushing the
front panel START button.
STOP
The STOP command resets the present
measurement and is the same as pressing the
"RESET" button on the front panel.
Data Transmission Commands
MEAS? j
The MEAS? query starts a measurement and
returns the result when the measurement is
complete. The parameter j selects which statistic
is to be returned.
j
statistic
0
1
2
3
mean
jitter
max
min
This command always returns the value of the
next complete measurement.
Thus, if a
measurement is in progress the command will
return the value of the present measurement when
it is done, not a new measurement.
It is
recommended that automeasure be off when
using this command to ensure that the result
Programming Commands
returned is from the measurement desired. Also,
no other queries should be sent between sending
the MEAS? query and reading its answer.
XALL?
The XALL? query returns the values of the mean,
rel, jitterl, max, and min of the last completed
measurement. These numbers are returned as
one string with the individual numbers separated
by commas. The numbers are floating point
values with up to 16 digits of precision.
XAVG?
The XAVG? query returns the value of the mean
of the last completed measurement. The number
returned is a floating point value with up to 16
digits of precision. If the REL is set the number
returned is the REL'D value.
XJIT?
The XJIT? query returns the value of the jitter of
the last completed measurement. The number
returned is a floating point value with up to 16
digits of precision.
XMAX?
The XMAX? query returns the value of the
maximum of the last completed measurement.
The number returned is a floating point value with
up to 16 digits of precision. If the rel is set the
number returned is the REL'd value.
XMIN?
The XMIN? query returns the value of the
minimum of the last completed measurement.
The number returned is a floating point value with
up to 16 digits of precision. If the rel is set the
number returned is the REL'D value.
XREL(?) x
The XREL command sets the display REL to the
value x. The XREL? query returns the value of the
REL.
XHST? j
The XHST? query returns section j (j=0 to 9) of the
histogram display as 4 byte binary integers least
significant byte first. Each section consists of the
data for 25 histogram points (100 bytes total plus
33
terminator).
There is no separator between
successive points. If the rs232 interface is being
used an 8 bit data word must be chosen to
correctly transmit this data. The data returned is
binned into 250 bins- not the number set by the
front panel. This command allows one to rapidly
read the entire contents of the histogram display. If
the histogram is blank the illegal numbars -0 are
returned.
HSPT? j
The HSPT? query returns the value of point j of
the current histogram. J has the range 1 to 250. If
the histogram is blank this query returns the illegal
value 9E20.
SCAV? j
The SCAV? query returns the value of point j of
the mean graph or scan point j. J has the range of
1 to 250. This query returns the illegal value 9E20
if the stripchart is blank, has not reached point j, or
the scan has not reached point j. One way to read
back every point of a scan is to continually send
the command SCAV? j until a legal value results
and then move on to the next point. The number
returned is a floating point number with up to 16
digits of precision.
SCJT? j
The SCJT? query returns the value of point j of the
jitter graph or scan point j. J has the range of 1 to
250. This query returns the illegal value 9E20 if
the stripchart is blank, or the scan has not reached
point j. One way to read back every point of a
scan is to continually send the command SCAV? j
until a legal value results and then move on to the
next point. The number returned is a floating point
number with up to 15 digits of precision.
BDMP j
The BDMP command puts the SR620 into its highspeed binary dump mode. j specifies the number
of points to be dumped and may range from 1 to
65535. THIS COMMAND FUNCTIONS ONLY ON
GPIB. At the maximum baud rate RS232 would
offer no speed improvement so this command is
not functional on RS232. On receipt of the BDMP
command the SR620 does the following: (1) the
display
shows
the
message
"BINARY
OUTPUT",(2) the SR620 automatically enters
automeasure mode with a sample size of one,
and, (3) disables the keyboard except for the
"RESET" key.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
34
Programming Commands
Once in binary dump mode the SR620 will take
data and send it to the controller as fast as it can.
Binary dump mode is terminated when: the count
expires, the front panel reset key is pressed, or
ANY command is received. Because of the last
restriction, the BDMP command should always be
the last command on a command line. The binary
data taken in this mode is NOT buffered. The
SR620 will take a data point, wait until the
controller has read the entire point, take another
point , etc.. Thus the maximum throughput may
be limited by the controller. It is recommended that
some form of direct memory access transfer be
used to maximize the transfer rate.
The binary data is return as a 8 byte 2's
complement binary integer. The least significant
byte is always sent first and an EOI is sent with
the most significant byte. To convert this number
to a number with the correct units the following
must be done: 1) Convert the 2's complement
number to signed integer form, and 2) multiply by
a mode dependent scaling factor. The scaling
factors are given below.
Examples of the binary dump mode are given in
the Programming Examples section of the manual.
DBEG (?) j
The DBEG command sets the start position of the
internal delay scan. The parameter j is the desired
delay in units of number of gate widths. The
allowable range is between 1 and 50000.
DSEN (?) j
The DSEN command controls the enable status of
the scanning delay. The parameter j = 0 sets the
delay OFF. If j =1 the delay is set to HOLD, that is
, active but fixed in position. If j = 2 the delay is
set to SCAN and will step by 1 step at the end of
each group of samples. Note that the SR620
MUST be in arming mode 6,7, or 8 for the delay
scan to be functional and that an external trigger is
required. (See the SCEN command.)
DSTP (?) x
The DSTP command sets the size of the scanning
delay's step. The range of sizes that may be set is
between 1us and 10ms in a 1,2,5 sequence. The
DSTP? query returns a floating point number with
1 significant digit.
HOLD (?) x
Scan Control Commands
ANMD (?) j
The ANMD command sets the mode of the rear
panel DAC outputs. The parameter j =0 sets
output #0 to produce a voltage proportional to the
measurement mean value, and DAC output #1 to
produce a voltage proportional to the jitter of the
measurement. The parameter j = 1 sets output 0
to be a programmable voltage source and output 1
to be proportional to the jitter. The parameter j = 2
sets output 0 to be proportional to the mean and
output 1 to be a programmable voltage source. If j
= 3 both outputs are programmable sources.
The HOLD command sets the hold time at each
scan point when in scan mode. The hold time
may range between 10ms and 1000s in 10ms
increments. The HOLD? query return the hold
time as a floating point number.
SCAN
The SCAN command clears the current scan and
starts a new scan.
The SCAN command
automatically turns on the automeasure mode.
This command should not be used if one wants to
manually control the acquisition of data during a
scan. One should use the SCLR and STRT
commands instead.
Binary Dump Scale Factors
Time
Width
Rise/fall time
Frequency
Frequency
Period
Period
Phase
Count
Ratio
(2.712673611111111 E-12)/256 ≈ 1.05963812934 E-14
(2.712673611111111 E-12)/256 ≈1.05963812934 E-14
(2.712673611111111 E-12)/256 ≈ 1.05963812934 E-14
(1.0 E 12)/(2.71267361111111 * 2^68) ≈ 1.24900090270331 E-9 (x1000 OFF)
(1.0 E 9)/(2.71267361111111 * 2^68) ≈ 1.24900090270331 E-12 (x1000 ON)
(2.712673611111111 E-12/256 ≈1.05963812934 E-14 (x1000 OFF)
(2.712673611111111 E-15)/256 ≈ 1.05963812934 E-17 (x1000 ON)
360.000/2^32 ≈ 8.3819032 E-8
1/256
1/2^40 ≈ 9.094947017729282 E-13
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Programming Commands
SCEN (?) j
The SCEN command controls the enable status of
the SR620's scanning features. If j = 0 scanning is
disabled. If j = 1 the scan mode is set to SINGLE.
In this mode the unit will automatically stop taking
data when a scan is complete. If j = 2 the scan
mode is set to REPEAT and the unit will
automatically restart the scan when the present
scan is complete.
SCLR
The SCLR command clears but does not start a
scan.
35
command has no effect. The new step size
becomes effective at the start of the next scan.
Graphics Control Commands
AUTP (?) j
The AUTP command sets the autoprint mode.
The parameter j = 1 turns autoprint ON while j = 0
turns autoprint OFF. This command returns an
error if the output device is set to plotter since
autoprinting is not allowed with the plotter ( no
time to change the paper).
AUTS
SLOC?
The SLOC? query returns the number of the last
completed scan point. If no points have been
taken or scans are not enabled SLOC? return the
value 0.
The AUTS command autoscales the current
graph. It is the same as pushing the front panel
autoscale button. Note that autoscaling of the
histogram is not completed until the NEXT
measurement is completed.
SCPT (?) j
CURS (?) j
The SCPT command sets the number of points in
a scan. The number may be set to one of 2, 5, 10,
25, 50, 125, or 250 points.
The CURS command sets the cursor position to j
( 1-250 ). If the graph is empty or the stripchart
has not yet reached point j an error is returned.
VBEG (?) j{,x}
DGPH (?) j
The VBEG command sets the DAC output scan
start voltage. The parameter j refers to the
channel desired ( 0 or 1) and x is a voltage in the
range -10.00 to +10.00 volts. If the selected
channel is not enabled to be a general purpose
output this command has no effect. If scans are
disabled or the selected channel's voltage step
size is set to 0 the output voltage is immediately
set to x volts. Otherwise, the voltage is set to x at
the beginning of the next scan.
The DGPH command sets the displayed graph. If
j = 0 the histogram is displayed, if j = 1 the mean
stripchart is displayed, and if j = 2 the jitter
stripchart is displayed.
GCLR
The GCLR command clears the graphs. If a scan
is in progress GCLR does NOT clear the scan.
The SCLR command clears both the scan and the
graphs.
VOUT? j
GENA (?) j
The VOUT? query reads the present output
voltage of the select d/a channel. This command
can be used to monitor the stepping of the d/a
outputs during a scan.
VSTP (?) j{,x}
The VSTP command sets the d/a output scan step
size. The parameter j refers to the channel
desired ( 0 or 1) and x is a voltage in the range 10.00 to +10.00 volts. If the selected channel is
not enabled to be a general purpose output this
The GENA command sets the graph enable
status. If j = 0 the graphs are turned OFF. If j = 1
the graphs are turned ON. Turning the graphs off
can
dramatically
improve
the
SR620's
measurement throughput (see details in the
Programming Examples section).
GSCL (?) j{,x}
The GSCL command sets the scales for the
graphs. The parameter j selects the scale to be
set according to the following table:
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
36
Programming Commands
j
scale
0
1
2
3
4
histogram vertical
histogram horizontal
histogram bins
mean vertical
jitter vertical
The parameter x is the desired units/division
(example: for 100ns/div x = 100E-9). The scale
values are all positive numbers except that a
negative value for the histogram vertical scale will
set the scale to log mode. An error will occur if an
attempt is made to set the scale to an illegal value.
This can happen, for example, for certain
combinations of histogram horizontal scales and
bin sizes.
PDEV (?) j
The PDEV command sets the hardcopy output
device. The parameter j = 0 set the device to
printer while j = 1 sets it to plotter.
PLAD (?) j
The PLAD command sets the address of the GPIB
plotter if a plotter is being used. Any address
from 0 to 30 except the current address of the
SR620 may be used.
PLPT (?) j
The PLPT command sets the plotter output port to
either RS232 or GPIB. The parameter j = 0 set
the port to RS232 while j = 1 sets the port to GPIB.
PLOT
The PLOT command starts a plot or print.
PCLR
The PCLR command clears any plots or prints in
progress.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Front Panel Control
KEYS(?) j
The KEYS command simulates the pressing of a
front panel key. The KEYS? query returns the
keycode of the most recently pressed key.
Keycodes are assigned as follows:
Key
mode up
mode down
source
size up
size down
measurement start
measurement reset
display up
display down
set rel
clear rel
set graph
autoscale
display scales
scale up
scale down
print
clear print
config select
config set
Ext slope
Manual Trigger
Ext termination
A slope
A ac/dc
A termination
B slope
B ac/dc
B termination
ref level
set auto measure
set autoprint
clear automeasure
clear autoprint
keycode
16
17
18
25
27
32
34
33
35
40
42
43
41
22
20
23
21
29
28
30
36
31
39
37
38
47
44
46
45
19
50
51
52
53
Programming Commands
37
DISP (?) j
RNGE (?) j{,k}
The DISP command set the front panel display.
The parameter j controls the display as shown in
the following table:
The RNGE command sets the input voltage range
of DVM input j ( j = 0,1). If k = 0 the selected
channel is set to autorange, if k = 1 the selected
channel is set to ±20V full scale, and if k = 2 the
selected channel is set to ±2V full scale.
j
Display Codes
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
Mean Value
Rel Value
Jitter
Maximum Value
Minimum Value
Trigger Threshold
DVM inputs
VOLT ? j
The VOLT? query reads the value of the selected
input channel (0 or 1). Values outside the fullscale
range indicate an overload condition.
Interface Control Commands
EXPD (?) j
*RST
The EXPD command sets the x1000 expand
mode in frequency and period mode.
The
parameter j = 1 turns expand ON while j = 0 turns
expand OFF.
The *RST common command resets the SR620 to
its default configurations. It is the same as holding
down "clr rel" at power on. All modes are set to
their default conditions.
Rear Panel Control
*IDN?
CLCK (?) j
The *IDN common query returns the SR620's
device configuration. This string is in the format:
StanfordResearchSystems, SR620, serial number,
version number. Where "serial number" is the five
digit serial number of the particular unit, and
"version number" is the 3 digit firmware version
number.
The CLCK command sets the source of the
10MHz clock. The parameter j = 0 sets the clock
source to internal while j = 1 sets the source to
external.
CLKF (?) j
*OPC (?)
The CLKF command sets the frequency that the
SR620 expects at the external clock input. The
parameter j = 0 sets a 10MHz external clock while
j = 1 sets a 5 MHz external clock.
PORT (?) {j}
The PORT command sets or reads the value of
the printer port when that port is configured as a
general purpose I/O port.
The parameter j
(0<j<255) is the value sent to the port (in decimal)
if it is an output. If the port is configured as an
output, the -strobe line is strobed low for about
10us every time a valid byte is set.
PRTM (?) j
The PRTM command sets the mode of the printer
port. If j = 0 the port is a printer port, if j = 1 the
port is a general purpose input port, and if j = 2 the
port is a general purpose digital output port.
The *OPC (operation complete) common
command/query is a synchronization command
designed to simplify the coordination of commands
that take a finite time to complete. The *OPC
common command sets a bit in a status byte when
all in progress measurements/scans/prints are
complete. The *OPC? common query returns the
value
1
when
all
in
progress
measurements/scans/prints are complete.
An
example of the use of this command would be to
ensure that the present measurement is finished
before the answer is read. The command line
STRT;*OPC would start a measurement and set a
status bit when it was done. Thus, by polling the
status bit (or using a GPIB service request) the
host
computer
would
know
when
the
measurement was done.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
38
Programming Commands
*WAI
ENDT {j,k,l,m}
The *WAI (wait) common command is a
synchronization command that holds off all further
command execution until all in progress
measurements/scans/prints are complete. This
command ensures that a particular operation is
finished before continuing. An example of the
usefulness of this command is ensuring that a
measurement is complete before reading the
answer. The command line STRT;*WAI;XAVG?
will start a measurement, wait until it is done, and
send back the mean value.
The ENDT command sets the RS232 end of
transmission terminator.
This terminator is
appended the the end of each answer and may
consist of up to 4 ASCII (decimal) characters. The
default terminator is <cr><lf> and is obtained by
omitting the parameters. The parameters j,k,l,m
are the decimal representations of between 1 and
4 termination characters.
For example, if it
desired that the termination be the characters
carriage return and "E" the command would be
ENDT 13,69.
STUP?
The STUP? query returns the complete setup of the SR620 as a long string of numbers separated by
commas. All setup information except for trigger levels and d/a starting and step voltages is returned.
The meanings of the returned numbers are as follows: (when bits are packed into a status byte the bit
values correspond to those used by the normal mode setting command. For example, the AUTM
command with parameter j=1 turns on automeasure mode and automeasure bit (setup byte 1, bit 0) is 1 if
automeasure is on)
position
meaning
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
instrument mode
source
arming mode
gate multiplier
sample size
display source
graph source
setup byte 1
parameter format
same as MODE command
same as SRCE command
same as ARMM command
same as front panel control (0= 1E-4, 1= 2E-4, etc.)
0,1,..,18 corresponding to 1,2,5,...,10^6
same as DISP command
same as DGPH command
bits of byte are:0-auto measure on/off, 1 autoprint on/off,2 -rel
on/off, 3- x1000 on/off 4 - arming parity (+-time),5- jitter type
Allan/Std Dev ,6- clock ext/int,7- clock freq10MHz /5 MHz
9
setup byte 2
bits are: 0,1 - A,B autolevel on;2,3- DVM0
gain(auto=0,20V=1,2V=2);4,5 A,B prescaler enabled; 6,7-DVM1
gain
10
setup byte 3
bits are: 0- Ext terminator,1- Ext slope,2- A slope, 3- A ac/dc,4- B
slope,5- B ac/dc
11
setup byte
4bits are:0,1- A terminator; 2,3- B terminator;4,5- print port mode
12
histogram vert scale
0,1,... corresponding to 1,2,5...
13
histogram horiz scale 0,1,... corresponding to 1,2,5 * led display least significant digit
(ps, uHz, etc.)
14
histogram bin number 0,0,... corresponding to 1,2,5,10,...
15
mean graph vert scale same as histogram horiz scale
16
jitter graph vert scale
same as histogram horiz scale
17
setup byte 5
bits are: 0-4 plotter address,5- plot/print 6 - plot gpib/rs232
18
setup byte 6
bits are:0-1 d/a output mode (chart/d/a),2 graph on/off,3-6 # scan
points, 7 ref output level
19
rs232 wait
same as WAIT command
20
scan setup byte
0-3 - stepsize corresponding to 1E-6, 2E-6, etc.; 4,5 - delay scan
enable
21,22
scan starting delay bytes 1,0 delay = step size*(256*byte1+byte0)
23,24,25
scan holdtime bytes 2,1,0 hold = 65536*byte2+ 256*byte1 +byte0
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Programming Commands
LOCL j
The LOCL command sets the RS232 local/remote
function. If j = 0 the SR620 is local, if j = 1 the
SR620 will go remote, and if j = 2 the SR620 will
go into local lockout state. The states duplicate
the GPIB local/remote states: in the LOCAL state
both command execution and keyboard input are
allowed.
In the REMOTE state command
execution is allowed but the keyboard and knobs
are locked out except for the "LOCAL" key , which
returns the SR620 to the local state. In the
LOCAL LOCKOUT state all front panel I/O is
locked out including the "LOCAL" key.
WAIT (?) j
The WAIT command sets the RS-232
transmission delay between characters. This is
useful for slower computers and terminal
programs. The delay is equal to 2ms times the
parameter j (0 <= j <=25).
39
maintain their values at power down. This allows
the production of a service request at power up.
*SRE (?) j
The *SRE common command sets the serial poll
enable register to the decimal value of the
parmeter j.
*STB? {j}
The *STB? common query reads the value of the
serial poll byte. If the parameter j is present the
value of bit j is returned. Reading this register has
no effect on its value as it is a summary of the
other status registers.
EREN (?) j
The EREN command sets the error status enable
register to the decimal value j.
ERRS? j
Status Reporting Commands
(See tables at the end of the Programming
section for Status Byte definitions.)
The ERRS? query reads the value of the error
status byte. If the parameter j is present the value
of bit j is returned. Reading this register will clear
it while reading bit j will clear just bit j.
*CLS
STAT? j
The *CLS common command clears all status
registers. This command does not affect the
status enable registers.
The STAT? query reads the value of the time
interval counter status byte. If the parameter j is
present the value of bit j is returned. Reading this
register will clear it while reading bit j will clear just
bit j.
*ESE (?) j
The *ESE command sets the standard event
status byte enable register to the decimal value j.
TENA (?) j
The TENA command sets the time interval counter
status enable register to the decimal value j.
*ESR? {j}
The *ESR common command reads the value of
the standard event status register.
If the
parameter j is present the value of bit j is
returned. Reading this register will clear it while
reading bit j will clear just bit j.
*PSC (?) j
The *PSC common command sets the value of the
power-on status clear bit. If j = 1 the power on
status clear bit is set and all status registers and
enable registers are cleared on power up. If j = 0
the bit is cleared and the status enable registers
Calibration Commands
NOTE: These commands are primarily intended
for factory calibration use and should never be
needed during normal operation. Incorrect use
of some of these commands can destroy the
calibration of the SR620.
$TAC? j
The $TAC? query reads the value of the time-toamplitude converters. The parameter j = 0 refers
to the start channel, while j = 1 refers to the stop
channel.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
40
Programming Commands
$PHK(?) j
BYTE (?) j{,k}
The $PHK command is used to exercise the
printer port handshaking lines. The value of j (0 or
1) sets the state of the -init and -strobe lines. The
query $PHK? reads the value of the busy line.
The BYTE command set the value of linearization
byte j to k. Parameter j may have a value from 0
to 129, and k may range from 0 to 255. NOTE:
this command will alter the calibration of the
SR620. However, running autocal will correct the
problem.
$POT? j
WORD (?) j{,k}
The $POT? query reads the dc voltage of the front
panel potentiometers (NOT the trigger level) in
units of 10mV.
*CAL?
The *CAL? common query runs the autocal
procedure. This query will return the following
status value:
The WORD command sets the value of calibration
word j to k. Parameter j may have a value from 0
to 51, while k may range from 0 to 65535. NOTE:
this command will alter the calibration of the the
SR620. To correct the calibration the factory
calibration bytes may be recalled (see the
Calibration section).
value
meaning
STATUS BYTE DEFINITIONS
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
19-23
no error
SR620 not warmed up, can't cal.
no trigger error
can't find edge on start tac
can't find edge on start fine seek
start tac calbyte out of range
start tac non-convergence
start linearity byte out of range
stop tac errors same as start value n - 16
Status Reporting
*TST?
The *TST? common query runs the selt test
procedure. The query will return the following
status value:
value
meaning
0
4
5
6
16
17
18
19
20
32
33
34
35
no error
cpu error
system ram error
video ram error
count gate error
chan 2 count ≠ 0
chan 1 count error
chan 1 count ≠ 0
chan 2 count error
frequency gate error
excessive jitter
frequency insertion delay error
time interval insertion delay error
Errors 33-35 can usually be eliminated by running
the autocal procedure. The other errors are
usually caused by hardware problems.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
The SR620 reports on its status by means of four
status bytes: the serial poll byte, the standard
status byte, the TIC status byte, and the error
status byte.
On power on the SR620 may either clear all of its
status enable registers or maintain them in the
state they were in on power down. The action
taken is set by the *PSC command and allows
things such as SRQ on power up .
Serial Poll Status Byte:
bit
name
usage
0
ready
1
2
print ready
Error
3
TIC
4
MAV
5
ESB
6
7
RQS/MSS
scan ready
No measurements are in
progress
No prints are in progress
An unmasked bit in the error
status register has been
set.
An unmasked bit in the TIC
status register has been set.
The gpib output queue is
non-empty
An unmasked bit in the
standard status byte has
been set.
SRQ (Service Request)bit.
no scans are in progress
The Error, TIC, ESB bit are set whenever any
unmasked bit (bit with the corresponding bit in the
Programming Commands
byte enable register set) in their respective status
registers is set. They are not cleared until the
condition which set the bit is cleared. Thus, these
bits give a constant summary of the enabled
status bits. A service request will be generated
whenever an unmasked bit in the serial poll
register is set. Note that service requests are only
produced when the bit is first set and thus any
condition will only produce one service request.
Accordingly, if a service request is desired every
time an event occurs the status bit must be
cleared between events.
Standard Event Status Byte:
bit
name
usage
0
OPC
Set by OPC command
when all operations are
complete
1
2
unused
Query Error
3
4
unused
Execution err
5
Command err
6
URQ
7
PON
Set on output queue
overflow
Set by an out of range
parameter, or noncompletion of some
command due a condition
like overload.
Set by a command syntax
error, or unrecognized
command
Set by any key press or
trigger knob rotation
Set by power on
This status byte is defined by IEEE-488.2 (1987)
and is used primarily to report errors in commands
received over the communications interfaces. The
bits in this register stay set once set and are
cleared by reading them or by the *CLS command.
5
A Ovld
6
B Ovld
7
unused
41
Set by A input overload
condition
Set by B input overload
condition
These bits stay set until cleared by reading or by
the *CLS command.
Error Status Byte:
bit name
usage
0
print error
1
no clock
2
A autolevel
3
B autolevel
4
test error
5
cal error
6
warmup
7
ovfl/div0
Set when an error is
detected during
printing/plotting
Set when the 10 MHz clock
signal is not present
Set when A channel
autolevel looses the trigger
and tries to find a new
trigger level.
Set when B channel
autolevel looses the trigger
and tries to find a new
trigger level.
Set when the self test
routine detects an error
Set when the auto cal
routine detects an error
Set when unit is warmed up
after power on
Set when internal counters
overflow or on ratio mode
divide by 0
These bits stay set until cleared by reading or by
the *CLS command.
TIC Status Byte:
bit
name
usage
0
Ext Trig
1
A trig
2
B trig
3
arm
4
Ext Ovld
Set when the external
trigger comparator switches
Set when the A channel
trigger comparator switches
Set when the B channel
trigger comparator switches
Set when the SR620
becomes armed
Set by Ext input overload
condition
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
42
Programming Commands
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Programming Examples
43
PROGRAMMING EXAMPLES
THROUGHPUT
The actual time required to make a measurement of N samples is given by the equation:
T = N x (Tsample+ measured time interval)+ calculation time
The sample time, Tsample, is given in the table below:
TIME, WIDTH, Tr/Tf
FREQ, PERIOD
GRAPHS "ON"
ASCII RESPONSES
750us
2600us
+200us
+250us
So, when measuring short time intervals with graphs on and not in the binary dump mode, the SR620 has a
throughput of about 1000 samples per second.
There is some additional time required at the end of each group of measurements. This calculation time is
zero ( no graphic displays, binary responses) or 5 ms ( no graphic displays, ASCII responses) or 8 ms (active
chart outputs or scope display of mean or jitter) to 50 ms (scope display of histogram). If the SAMPLE SIZE is
greater than one, then statistics will be calculated, which will add 10-100 ms to the calculation time,
depending on the number of digits in the MEAN value.
The data acquisition rate to a computer will depend on the interface which is used and the speed of the
computer and its interface drivers. About 1400 measurements per second may be transferred to a computer
using a DMA (Direct Memory Access) GPIB controller to measure time intervals in the binary dump mode.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
44
Programming Examples
Program Example 1
IBM PC, BASIC, via RS232
In this example, the IBM PC's COM2: serial port is used to communicate with the SR620. The program sets
up the SR620 and then starts measurements and reads the results. Only pins 2,3 and 7 of the PC's port
need to be connected to the SR620.
10 ' Example program to start a measurement and read the result. This
20 ' program uses IBM Basic and communicates via the COM2:RS232 port.
30 '
40 ' set up the SR620 for 9600 baud, 8 bits, no parity
50 OPEN "COM2:9600,N,8,2,CS,DS,CD" AS #1
60 '
70 ' setup COM2: for 9600 baud , no parity, 8 data bits, 2 stop bits
80 ' ignore cts,dsr, and cd
90 '
100 PRINT #1," "
' clear COM2:
105 ' clear TIC ,set to width of ref, 10 samples,automeasure off'
110 PRINT #1,"*RST;MODE1;SRCE2;SIZE10;AUTM0
120 PRINT #1,"STRT;*WAI;XAVG?"
' start measurement, wait until done,read
130 INPUT #1,TIME#
' read double precision answer
140 PRINT "width = ",TIME#
150 GOTO 120
' loop forever
Tips on Interfacing to PC's using a National Instrument GPIB Card
To succesfully interface the SR620 to a PC via the GPIB , the instrument, interface card, and interface drivers
must all be configured properly. To configure the SR620, you must set the GPIB address in line 2 of the
"Control" CONFIG menu. The default GPIB address is 16: use this address unless a conflict occurs with other
instruments in your system. The SR620 will be set to GPIB address 16 whenever a COLD BOOT is done ( if
the RESET key is held down when the unit is turned "ON".)
Make sure that you follow all the instructions for installing the GPIB card. The National Instruments card
cannot be simply unpacked and put into your computer. To configure the card you must set jumpers and
switches on the card to set the I/O address and interupt levels. You must run the program "IBCONF" to
configure the resident GPIB driver for your GPIB card. Please refer to the National Instruments manual for
additional information.
Once all the hardware and GPIB drivers are configured, use IBIC. This terminal emulation program allows you
to send commands to the SR620 directly from your computer's keyboard. If you cannot talk to the SR620 via
IBIC then your programs will not run.
Use the simple commands provided by National instruments. Use IBWRT and IBRD to write and read from
the SR620. After you are familiar with these simple command you can explore other, more complex,
programming commands.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Programming Examples
45
Program Example 2
IBM PC, Microsoft FORTRAN V4.0, National Instruments GPIB Card
This example demonstartes using the SR620 via the GPIB. Microsoft's FORTRAN (for PC compatibles) is
used to program the time interval counter via National Instrument's GPIB interface card.
C Example program demonstrating programming the SR620 over the GPIB using
C the National Instruments GPIB card. The program sets up the SR620 and
C then starts taking data.
C
C This program is written in Microsoft FORTRAN v4.0. To use the National
C card the National device driver must be installed and the IBCONF program
C must be run to tell the driver where everything is. The program is compiled
C with the command FL /AL /FPa example2.for and the resulting object file is
C linked with the file MFIBL.OBJ (supplied by National )
$storage:2
C this line must be in the source file
common /ibglob/ibsta,iberr,ibcnt
integer*2 sr620
character*80 data
real*8 answer
C initialize gpib card
call ibinit (ibsta)
C get device id for sr620
sr620 = ibfind ('SR620 ')
C setup TIC
call ibwrt (sr620,'*RST;MODE1;SRCE2;SIZE10;AUTM0\n 'c,30)
C
start measurement
100
call ibwrt (sr620,'STRT;*WAI;XAVG?\n 'c,16)
C read answer
data = '
'
call ibrd (sr620,data,20)
read (data,1000)answer
1000
format (bn,1D22.16)
write (*,*) answer
C continue forever
goto 100
end
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
46
Programming Examples
Program Example 3
IBM PC, IBM Basic, CEC GPIB Card
This example takes data in the binary dump mode and converts it into the correct units. This program is
written in IBM BASIC and uses a Capital Equipment Co. GPIB card. The CEC cards DMA input routine is
used to directly put the data into the PC's memory. All of the interface routines to the CEC card reside in
firmware on the card.
10 'program to test TIC binary dump mode- this program will binary dump
20 'samples from the time interval counter and convert the binary values to
30 'numbers in units appropriate to the measurement mode. The program
40 'demonstrates sending and receiving simple commands from the TIC. The
50 'program uses the GPIB interface and a Capital Equipment Co. GPIB interface
60 'card
70 ' This program runs in interpreted IBM PC Basic
80 DIM DAT%(16000),FDATA#(2000),FACTORS#(7),TEMP#(4)
90 DATA 1.05963812934D-14,1.05963812934D-14,1.05963812934D-14
100 DATA 1.24900090270331D-9,1.05963812934D-14,8.3819032D-8,0.00390625D0
110 FOR I =1 TO 7
120 READ FACTORS#(I)
130 NEXT I
140 DEF SEG = &HD000 ' base address of CEC card
150 INIT = 0:TRANSMIT =3:SEND = 9:ENTER = 21:DMA2 = 206 'CEC subroutine offsets
160 ADDR% =21:SYS%=0
'controller address
170 SR620% =16
' TIC address
180 '
190 ' string definitions
200 IN$ = "IFC UNT UNL REN"
' clear interface
210 BD$ = "BDMP"
220 MD$ = "mode?"
230 TALK$ = "UNT UNL MLA TALK 16"
240 EXPD$ = "expd?"
250 '
260 CALL INIT (ADDR%,SYS%)
' init CEC card
270 '
280 PRINT "Enter number of samples (<cr> to quit)";
290 INPUT "->",S$
' get number of samples
300 SAMPLES% = VAL (S$)
310 IF SAMPLES% = 0 THEN STOP
320 IF SAMPLES% > 2000 THEN GOTO 280
330 ' setup dma parameters
340 '
350 MODE% = &H2105
' dma mode
360 COUNT% = 8*SAMPLES%
370 SEGMENT%=-1
380 C$ = BD$ + S$
' TIC command
390 '
400 ' dma data into PC
410 CALL SEND (SR620%,C$,STATUS%) : GOSUB 890 ; SEND COMMAND
420 CALL TRANSMIT (TALK$,STATUS%) :GOSUB 890 ; MAKE TIC A TALKER
430 OFS%=VARPTR(DAT%(1))
440 CALL DMA2 (SEGMENT%,OFS%,COUNT%,MODE%,STATUS%): GOSUB 890
450 '
460 ' get mode so we'll know which conversion factor to use
470 CALL SEND (SR620%,MD$,STATUS%) : GOSUB 890
480 ANS$ = SPACE$(50)
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Programming Examples
47
490 CALL ENTER (ANS$,LENGTH%,SR620%,STATUS%): GOSUB 890 'get answer
500 TMODE% = VAL (ANS$)
' TIC mode
510 CALL SEND (SR620%,EXPD$,STATUS%): GOSUB 890
520 ANS$ = SPACE$(50)
530 CALL ENTER (ANS$,LENGTH%,SR620%,STATUS%): GOSUB 890
540 TEXPD% = VAL(ANS$)
550 '
560 '
570 ' convert data to correct format
580 '
590 ' get 8 bytes (4 * 2bytes) corresponding to one sample
600 FOR I = 1 TO SAMPLES%
610 SIGN = 0
620 FDATA#(I) = 0#
630 FOR J = 1 TO 4
640
TEMP#(J) = DAT%(4*(I-1)+J)
650
IF TEMP#(J) < 0# THEN TEMP#(J) = 65536#+TEMP#(J)
660 NEXT J
670 ' if answer < 0 change sign and get magnitude
680 IF (DAT%(4*(I-1)+4) >= 0) GOTO 740
690 SIGN =1
700 FOR J = 1 TO 4
710
TEMP#(J) = 65535#-TEMP#(J)
720 NEXT J
730 ' convert to floating point
740 FOR J = 1 TO 4
750
FDATA#(I) = FDATA#(I)*65536# + TEMP#(5-J)
760 NEXT J
770 ' if negative increment ( to get 2's complement) and change sign
780 IF SIGN <> 0 THEN FDATA#(I) = -1#*(FDATA#(I)+1#)
790 ' multiply by conversion factor
800 FDATA#(I) = FACTORS#(TMODE%+1)*FDATA#(I)
810 ' change scale if expand is on
820 IF TEXPD% <> 0 THEN FDATA#(I) = FDATA#(I)*.001#
830 NEXT I
840 PRINT "data"
850 FOR I = 1 TO SAMPLES%
860 PRINT FDATA#(I)
870 NEXT I
880 GOTO 280
890 ' check for status error of last GPIB interraction
900 IF STATUS% = 0 THEN RETURN
910 PRINT "gpib error. status = ";STATUS%
920 STOP
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
48
Programming Examples
Program Example 4
IBM PC, Microsoft Fortran v4.0, CEC GPIB Card
This example illustrates the binary dump mode via the GPIB interface using Microsoft FORTRAN. To use the
CEC card with FORTRAN a file called FORT488.OBJ (supplied by CEC) is linked to the FORTRAN program
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
Program to test TIC binary dump mode- this program will binary dump samples
from the time interval counter and convert the binary values to numbers in
units appropriate to the measurement mode. The program also demonstrates
sending and receiving simple commands from the TIC. The program uses the GPIB
interface using an IBM PC with a Capital Equipment Co. GPIB Interface card.
The necessary interface routines to this card are supplied by CEC and are
linked to the program.
C
C
C
C
C
C
This program is written in Microsoft Fortran version 4.0.
To compile this program use the command: FL /AL /FPi /Gt40000 /c bindump.for
( the Gt option is needed to force the data array into the default data
segment, this is needed by the CEC software)
The resulting object file is then linked with FORT488.OBJ (from CEC) and
the emulation math library. (which doesn't assume a math coprocessor)
program bindump
C the data from each point is stored in 4 consecutive location in the
C array data
integer*2 seg,count,mode,status,samples
integer*2 address,tmode,texpd
integer*2 data(0:19999)
real*8
fdata(0:4999)
character*30 command
character*40 rstring
character dummy
common
/data/ fdata
call InitGpib ()
10
write (*,'(A\)') ' Enter number of samples (<cr> to quit)->'
read (*,'(BN,I4)')samples
if ( samples .gt. 5000) goto 10
if (samples .eq. 0)goto 11
C set mode for DMA input
mode = 16#2105
count = 8*samples
address = 16
C set up TIC
command(1:30) ='
write (command,100)samples
100
format ('BDMP',I4)
call TxGpib (address,command)
call TalkGpib (address)
'
seg = -1
C read data via dma
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Programming Examples
49
call DMA2 (seg,data,count,mode,status)
call StatCheck (address,status)
C get mode so we'll know which conversion factor to use
command (1:30) ='
'
command (1:11) = 'MODE?;EXPD?'
callTxGpib (address,command)
call GetGpib (address,rstring)
read (rstring,101)tmode,dummy,texpd
C skip semicolon separator
101
format (I1,A,I1)
C
20
convert data and print both binary and converted form
call Convert (tmode,texpd,samples,data,fdata)
write (*,*)
write (*,*)'data'
do 20 i=0,samples-1
write (*,102)data(4*i+3),data(4*i+2),data(4*i+1),
data (4*i),fdata(i)
continue
102
format (1X,4Z4,' converted = ',D22.15)
+
goto 10
11
continue
end
C *******************************************************************
C converts the binary data to real numbers
subroutine Convert (tmode,texpd,samples,data,fdata)
integer*2 tmode,texpd,samples,data(0:19999),sign
integer*4 words(0:4)
real*8 fdata(0:4999)
real*8 factors(0:6)
C conversion factors
data factors/1.05963812934D-14,1.05963812934D-14,
+
1.05963812934D-14,1.24900090270331D-9,1.05963812934D-14,
+
8.3819032D-8,.00390625/
do 10 i=0,samples-1
sign = 0
fdata(i) = 0.0D0
C get 8 data bytes
do 11 j=0,3
words(j) = data(4*i +j)
C get unsigned magnitude of word
if (words(j) .lt. 0)words(j) = 65536+words(j)
11
continue
C if answer less than 0 change sign and get magnitude
if (data(4*i+3) .lt. 0) then
sign = 1
do 12 j = 0,3
C take 1's complement of number
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
50
12
Programming Examples
words(j) = 65535 - words(j)
continue
endif
C convert to floating point
do 13 j=0,3
fdata(i) = fdata(i)*65536.0D0 + words(3-j)
13
continue
C if number is negative add 1 to get 2's complement and change sign
if (sign .eq. 1)fdata(i) = -1.0D0 * (fdata(i) + 1.0D0)
C multiply by conversion factor
fdata(i) = factors(tmode) * fdata(i)
C change scale if expand is on
if (texpd .eq. 1) fdata(i) = fdata(i)*1.0D-3
10
continue
return
end
C *******************************************************************
C initialize the CEC GPIB card as a controller
Subroutine InitGpib ()
integer*2 status
data str/'IFC UNT UNL DCL REN|'/
call INITIALIZE (21,0)
call TRANSMIT ('IFC UNT UNL DCL REN|',status)
return
end
C *********************************************************************
C makes device at address a talker
subroutine TalkGpib (address)
character*25 cmd
integer*2 status,address
write (cmd,100) address
format ('UNT UNL MLA TALK',I2,'|')
call TRANSMIT (cmd,status)
call StatCheck(address,status)
return
end
C *********************************************************************
C transmit command to address
subroutine TxGpib (address,command)
100
character*30 command
character*70 tstring
character*2 temp
integer*2 status,address
tstring (1:19) ='UNT UNL MTA LISTEN '
write (temp,100)address
100
format (I2)
C set up CEC command string
tstring (20:21) = temp
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Programming Examples
51
tstring(22:27) = 'DATA '''
tstring (28:58) = command
tstring (59:64 ) =''' END|'
call TRANSMIT (tstring,status)
call StatCheck (address,status)
return
end
C *********************************************************************
C get an answer from a device
subroutine GetGpib (address,rstring)
integer*2 address,status,length
character*40 rstring
character*40 cmd
write (cmd,100)address
format ('UNT UNL MLA TALK ',I2,'|')
call TRANSMIT (cmd,status)
call StatCheck (address,status)
rstring(1:40) = '
|'
call RECEIVE (rstring,length,status)
call StatCheck (address,status)
return
end
C ********************************************************************
C checks gpib status and prints error message
subroutine StatCheck (address,status)
100
integer*2 address,status
if (status .ne. 0) then
write (*,*)'Error at device ',address,' status= ',status
endif
return
end
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
52
Programming Examples
Program Example 5
IBM PC, Microsoft C v5.1, CEC GPIB Card
This example illustrates binary transfer via the GPIB in C. The file MS-C488.h must be included in the source
file and the program must be linked to the file GPIB-L.OBJ. Both of these files are supplied by CEC.
/* Program to test TIC binary dump mode- this program will binary dump samples
from the time interval counter and convert the binary values to numbers in
units appropriate to the measurement mode. The program also demonstrates
sending and receiving simple commands from the TIC. The program uses the GPIB
interface using an IBM PC with a Capital Equipment Co. GPIB Interface card.
The necessary interface routines to this card are supplied by CEC and are
linked to the program.
This program is written in Microsoft C version 5.1. The header file for the
GPIB interface is ms-c488.h and is supplied by CEC.
To compile this program use the command: CL /AL /FPi /c bindump.c .
The resulting object file is then linked with GPIB-L.OBJ (from CEC) and
the emulation math library. (which doesn't assume a math coprocessor) */
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <math.h>
#include <ms-c488.h>
#include <dos.h>
#define sr620 16
/* TIC address */
void main(void);
void InitGpib (void);
void TxGpib (int,char *); /* function prototypes */
void GetGpib (int);
void StatCheck (int);
void TalkGpib (int);
void Convert (int,int,int);
int status,length,mode,count;
char recv[80];
/* the data from each point is stored in 4 consecutive array locations */
int data[20000]; /* up to 5000 points */
double fdata[5000]; /* data storage for converted data */
void main ()
{
char cmd[40],input[40];
int i,samples,seg,tmode,texpd;
static char *units[] ={"s","s","s","Hz","s","deg","ct"};
InitGpib ();
/* initialize controller */
while (1)
{
/* read number of samples */
printf ("Enter number of samples (<cr> to quit) ->");
gets (input);
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Programming Examples
53
if ( !strlen (input))break;
/* quit if no number */
sscanf (input,"%d",&samples);
if (samples > 5000)continue;
/* try again if # too large */
/* set up parameters for dma input */
mode = 0x2105; /* set mode for dma input */
count = 8*samples; /* number of bytes */
/* set up TIC */
sprintf (cmd,"BDMP%d",samples); /* set binary dump mode of n samples */
TxGpib (sr620,cmd); /* send command to TIC */
TalkGpib (sr620); /* make TIC a talker */
dma2 (&status,&mode,&count,data,&seg);
StatCheck (sr620); /* check status */
/* read data via DMA */
/* get mode so we'll know which conversion factor to use */
TxGpib (sr620,"MODE?;EXPD?");
GetGpib (sr620);
/* read answer */
sscanf (recv,"%d ; %d",&tmode,&texpd); /* skip semicolon separator */
/* convert data and print both binary and converted form */
Convert (tmode,texpd,samples);
printf ("\n data\n");
for (i =0; i <samples ; i++)
printf ("%2x%2x%2x%2x converted = %16.15lE %s\n",data[4*i+3],
data[4*i+2],data[4*i+1],data[4*i],fdata[i],units[tmode]);
}
}
/* ******************************************************************* */
void Convert (int mode,int expd,int samples)
{
int i,j,sign;
unsigned int words[4];
static double factors[] = {1.05963812934E-14,1.05963812934E-14,
1.05963812934E-14,1.24900090270331E-9,1.05963812934E-14,
8.3819032E-8,.00390625}; /* conversion factors */
for ( i = 0 ; i < samples ; i++ )
{
sign = 0;
fdata[i] = 0.0;
/* get 8 data bytes ( 4 *2 bytes each ) */
for ( j = 0 ; j < 4 ; j ++)words[j] = data[ 4*i +j];
if ((int)words[3] < 0) /* if answer < 0 convert to magnitude and sign */
{
sign = 1;
/* sign of answer */
for ( j = 0 ; j < 4 ; j++) words[j] = ~words[j]; /* take 1's complement */
}
/* convert to floating point */
for ( j = 0 ; j < 4 ; j++)fdata[i] = fdata[i]*65536.0 + (double)words[3-j];
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
54
Programming Examples
/* if number is negative add 1 to get 2's complement and change sign */
if (sign)fdata[i] = -1.0 * (fdata[i] + 1.0);
/* now multiply by conversion factor */
fdata[i] = factors[mode] * fdata[i];
if (expd) fdata[i] = fdata[i]*1.0E-3; /* reduce by 1000 if expand is on */
}
}
/* ******************************************************************* */
void InitGpib (void)
/* initialize the CEC GPIB card as controller */
{
int my_address, system_controller;
unsigned seg;
/* find cec card address */
for ( seg=0x4000 ; seg < 0xF000 ; seg += 0x400 )
{
if ( (peek (seg,50) == 'C') &&
(peek (seg,51) == 'E') &&
(peek (seg,52) == 'C') )
break;
}
if ( pc488_seg(seg))
{
printf ( " no gpib card installed\n");
exit(0);
}
my_address = 21;
system_controller = 0;
initialize (&system_controller, &my_address);
transmit (&status, "IFC UNT UNL DCL REN");
}
/* ********************************************************************* */
void TalkGpib ( int address) /* makes device at address a talker */
{
char cmd[25];
sprintf (cmd,"UNT UNL MLA TALK %d",address);
transmit (&status,cmd);
StatCheck (address);
}
/* ********************************************************************* */
void TxGpib (address,command)
/* transmit command to address */
int address;
char *command;
{
char t_string[150];
int result;
result = sprintf (t_string,"UNT UNL MTA LISTEN %d DATA '%s' END",
address,command);
transmit (&status, t_string);
StatCheck (address);
}
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Programming Examples
55
/* ********************************************************************* */
void GetGpib (address)
/* get an answer from device at address */
int address;
{
char r_string[40], temp[80];
sprintf (r_string, "UNT UNL MLA TALK %d", address);
transmit (&status, r_string);
StatCheck (address);
strcpy (temp, "
");
receive (&status, &length, temp);
StatCheck (address);
strcpy (recv, temp);
}
/* ******************************************************************** */
void StatCheck (address) /* check the gpib status and exit if error */
int address;
{
if (status != 0)
{
printf ("Error at device %d : status = %d",address,status);
exit (0);
}
}
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
56
Programming Examples
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Troubleshooting Tips
57
TROUBLESHOOTING
To start, make sure that the power entry module
on the rear panel is set for the ac line voltage for
your area, that the correct fuse is installed, and
that the line cord is inserted all the way into the
power entry module. The selected line voltage
may be seen through the clear window, just below
the fuse.
When the unit is plugged in and turned "ON", the
unit's model number, firmware version number,
and serial number will be briefly displayed. Then
the message, "SELF TEST...PASS" should be
briefly displayed.
If the unit displays no sensible message, the "cold
boot" procedure may fix the problem. To do a "cold
boot", turn the unit off. Then, while holding the
"RESET" button in the SAMPLE SIZE section
down, turn the unit "ON". This procedure initializes
the RAM and recalls all factory calibration values.
The "Autocal" procedure should be run after the
unit warms up. (See below)
If the message "code error" appears it indicates
that the SR620's ROM has an error and the unit
should be sent back for repair.
If a Test Error message appears, you may be able
to fix the problem with the unit's internal calibration
routines.
Test Error
3
4
5
6
16
17,20
18,19
32
33
34
35
Problem
Lost Memory
Cpu Error
System RAM error
Video RAM error
Count gate error
Channel 2 counter
Channel 1 counter
Frequency gate
Excessive jitter
Insertion delay, Freq.
Insertion delay, Time
Any of these errors may be caused by a hardware
failure which will require repair.
Test error 3 is usually "self-healing". The
instrument settings will be returned to their default
values and factory calibration data will be recalled
from ROM. Test Error 3 will recur if the Lithium
battery or RAM is defective.
Test errors 33 to 35 may be corrected by the
"Autocal" procedure. To run this procedure, press
the SEL button in the CONFIG section to select
"cAL". Press the SET button once choose "Auto
cAL". Then press the START button in the
SAMPLE SIZE section to begin the autocal
procedure. This procedure may not be started until
the red CLOCK LED in the CONFIG section goes
off, otherwise a cAL Error 01 will result. The
autocal procedure takes about two minutes to run,
and ends with the message "cAL donE", the
SR620 then returns to taking measurements.
If the UHF prescaler of channel A is selected when
the unit is powered off and then on again, the unit
will display “TEST ERROR 34”. This error may be
corrected by deselecting the UHF of channel A. To
run this procedure, press input button of channel
“A” until UHF is not highlighted. Then turn the
power off and on again.
Other cAL Errors flag hardware problems per the
table below:
Cal Error
1
2
3-7
19-23
Problem
Not warmed-up
No trigger
Start TAC
Stop TAC
The Start and Stop TAC's (Time to Amplitude
Converters) are the circuits which perform the
analog interpolation between the 90 MHz clock
ticks. The autocal procedure sets the gain and
linearizes the transfer function of the TAC's.
COMMON OPERATIONAL PROBLEMS
Error Messages
countEr oFL
rAtio oFL
dividE by 0
Time interval has exceeded
1000 seconds, or frequency
exceeds 1.5 GHz, in x1000
mode period > 1s or
frequency >1MHz
Ratio result exceeds 1000
Denominator = 0 in ratio
measurement
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
58
Troubleshooting Tips
Error Indicators
STOP LED
No Stop within 20 s of Start
(this may not be an error, the
LED is just a warning to
indicate that the time interval
is large).Blink indicates B
input autolevel attempt.
START LED
No Start within 20 s of Stop
(+-TIME, this may not be an
error, the LED is just a
warning to indicate that the
time interval is large).Blink
indicates A input autolevel
attempt.
CLOCK LED
Unit warming up or Ext
timebase error. See "cAL"
CONFIG menu for timebase
selection.
WRONG VALUE
Verify the setting of the instrument by reading
each front panel LED. Is the REL set? Are a very
large number of samples specified? Is the AUTO
LED in the SAMPLE SIZE section turned "ON"?
Are the inputs terminated correctly? Have the
slope, threshold, and input coupling been set
correctly? Are there multiple edges on your input
due to cable reflections?
To gain confidence that the instrument is working
correctly, try measuring the WIDTH, FREQ, and
PERIOD of the REF. ( Refer to the Quick-Start
instructions for step-by-step details.) To verify that
the input section is working, use the 1 kHz REF
OUT (set to TTL level) to supply a signal to the A
or B input and measure WIDTH, tr/tf, FREQuency,
and PERiod. Measure the length of a cable in the
+TIME MODE by connecting it between the REF
OUT and the B input. ( Select REF as the START
SOURCE, select positive slope for START and
STOP, and set B's threshold pot for AUTOLEVEL.)
EXCESSIVE JITTER
The most common causes of excess jitter are (1)
incorrect trigger thresholds, (2) noise or amplitude
fluctuations on the input signals, (3) insufficient or
excessive amplitude on the inputs, slow input
signal slew rates, (5) improper slope selection
(check the MEAN value to be certain that you are
measuring the correct time interval), (6) improperly
terminated inputs.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
SCOPE DISPLAY PROBLEMS
Scope display problems are usually due to the setup of the X-Y scope. Make certain that the scope
is in the XY mode, with 1V/div, terminated into 1M
Ohm. (The XY mode is sometimes difficult to
setup: some scopes have multiple controls which
must be in the correct position to operate in the XY
mode. Please refer to your scope's operation
manual.) A jumping or distorted display will result if
the scope is ac coupled. If the scope has cursor
read-outs, turn these read-outs "off" to avoid a
blinking display. A poorly compensated scope
input will cause minor distortion of the display.
PRINTER and PLOTTER PROBLEMS
The printer must be connected to the PRINTER
PORT on the back panel. Plotters may be
connected to either the RS-232 or the GPIB port.
You must set parameters in the OUTput menu in
the CONFIG section to specify whether you are
using the printer or a plotter. If you specify a
plotter, you need to specify the Plot Port as GPIB
or RS-232. If you specify GPIB for the Plot Port,
then you need to set the plotter's GPIB address. If
RS-232 is specified, the BAUD rate is fixed at
9600. ( For more details, see the section on
CONFIG.)
GPIB INTERFACE PROBLEMS
For proper operation the GPIB address of SR620
must be set to match that expected by the
controlling computer. The default GPIB address is
16, and so it is a good idea to use this address
when writing programs for the SR620. Any
address from 0 to 30 may be set in the CONFIG
menu. To check the GPIB address, press the
"SEL" key in the CONFIG section to select the
"ctrl" menu. Then press the "SET" key twice to
view the GPIB address. The up/down keys in the
SCOPE AND CHART section may be used to set
the GPIB address.
The SR620 will ignore its front panel key pad
when Remote Enable (REN) has been asserted by
the GPIB. This "REMOTE" state is indicated by the
REM LED in the STATUS section. To return to
LOCAL operation (ie. to enable the front panel)
press the "SEL" key in the CONFIG section.
Controlling programs may inhibit the ability to
return to LOCAL operation by asserting the LocalLockout state (LLO).
A linefeed character is sent with and End or
Identify (EOI) to terminate strings from the SR620.
Troubleshooting Tips
Be certain that your GPIB controller has been
configured to accept this sequence.
RS-232 PROBLEMS
The RS-232 baud rate, number of bits per
character, and parity bit definition must be set in
the "ctrL" section of the CONFIG menu. The
SR620 always sends two stop bits, and will
correctly receive data sent with either one or two
stop bits.
When connecting to a PC, use a standard PC
serial cable, not a "null-modem" cable. The SR620
is a DCE (Data Communications Equipment)
device, and so should be connected with a
"straight" cable to a DTE device (Data Terminal
Equipment). The "minimum" cable will pass pins
2,3 and 7. For hardware handshaking, pins 5 and
20 (CTS and DTR) should be passed.
Occasionally, pins 6 and 8 (DSR and CD) will be
needed: these lines are always asserted by the
SR620.
59
require two carriage returns for an end-ofrecord marker. The "ENDT" command may be
used to set the end-of-record sequence. (The
end-of-record marker is that sequence which
indicates a response is complete. From a
keyboard, a single carriage return is the endof-record marker.)
5) Answers are coming back from the SR620 to
fast, overwriting previous responses before
the computer can get them. To increase the
dwell time between characters, use the "WAIT
n" command. The dwell time between
characters will be 2n ms.
6) The RS-232 echo must be "OFF", otherwise
all characters sent to the SR620 will be
echoed back to the source. (See the section
on "Configuration Menus" for details on RS232
configuration.) The computer will most likely
confuse echoed commands with the desired
data.
There are several software problems which may
occur when using the RS-232 interface:
1) You have sent the wrong command to ask for
data from the SR620. Your program may wait
forever for a response which will not come.
This may not be your fault: we have seen
Microsoft's Interpreted Basic on an IBM PC
occasionally send a curly bracket (ASCII 253)
when it was suppose to have sent a carriage
return (ASCII 13).
2) Your computer's baud rate was changed by a
previous program and no longer matches the
baud rate set for the SR620. Good
programming practice requires that you set the
computer's baud rate at the start of each
application program.
3) The initial command sent to the SR620 was
invalid due to a garbage character left in the
SR620's command queue from power-up, or,
the first character in your computers RS-232
UART is garbage from when the SR620 was
turned "ON". It is good practice to send a few
carriage returns to the SR620 to flush its
command queue. Also, your program should
read and ignore any characters which may be
left in the computer's UART.
4) The SR620 is not sending the correct 'end-ofrecord' marker for your computer. For
example, it appears that some FORTRANs
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
60
Troubleshooting Tips
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Performance Test
61
PERFORMANCE TESTS
INTRODUCTION
The procedures in this section test the
performance of the SR620 and compare it to the
specifications in the front of this manual. The first
set of tests test the functionality of the SR620 from
the front panel and verify the functionality of the
circuitry. The second set of tests actually measure
the SR620's specifications. The results of each
test may be recorded on the test sheet at the end
of this section.
NECESSARY EQUIPMENT
The following equipment is necessary to complete
the tests.
The suggested equipment or its
equivalent may be used.
1) 0 -20 MHz synthesized function generator that
can be phase-locked to an external reference
clock. Such as Hewlett-Packard HP3325B.
2) 100MHz - 2 GHz synthesized signal generator
such as Hewlett-Packard HP8642B.
2) Precision DC voltmeter such as Fluke 8840A.
3) 2 equal ( less than ±1/2")length BNC cables.
4) Epson compatible printer with PC compatible
cable (DB25 connector to Centronics
connector).
5) 100MHZ or faster Oscilloscope.
6) 10MHz frequency reference such as a Cesium
clock.
2) Use the MODE up arrow key to light each
segment (7 of them) and the decimal point of
the leftmost two digits. Only a single segment
should be on at a time. The MODE down
arrow key will step backward through the
pattern.
3) Push the up arrow key again and all of the
segments of all 16 digits should light.
4) Press the up arrow key repeatedly to light
each front panel indicator LED in turn, top to
bottom, left to right. At any time only a single
LED should be on.
5) After all of the LED have been lit further
pressing of the front panel keys will display the
key code associated with each key. Each key
should have a different keycode.
Internal Self-Tests
The internal self tests test the functionality of the
system RAM, the CPU, the video RAM, the two
internal counter channels, and the time interval
calibration.
1) Turn on the SR620. The model number, the
ROM firmware version number, and the serial
number should be displayed for about 3
seconds. Then the message SELF TEST
PASS should appear. If a TEST ERROR
message appears see the TROUBLESHOOTING section for a description of the errors.
Test errors 33 and 34 indicate loss of
calibration and may be fixed by running the
Autocal procedure (see CONFIGURATION
MENU section).
FUNCTIONAL TESTS
Trigger Input Tests
These tests verify that the SR620's circuitry is
functional.
These tests test the EXT, A, and B trigger inputs
and the REF output.
Front Panel Test
This test verifies the functionality of the front panel
digits, LED's, and buttons.
1) Turn on the SR620 while holding down the
"DISP" button. A single segment of the
leftmost digit should light.
1) Set the SR620 mode to FREQ, source to A/B,
arming to EXT, Automeasure off (hold down
RESET button until AUTO LED goes off), and
display to TRIG to display the trigger levels on
the front panel.
2) Set the REF output to TTL and display the
output on a scope terminated into 1 Mohm.
The scope should display a 1kHz square wave
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
62
Performance Test
with 50% duty cycle.
from 0V to 4V.
The signal should go
3) Set the scope to 50 ohms.
amplitude should now be 2V.
3) Set the B input to 50 ohms and verify that
triggering now occurs between about 0 and
2V.
The REF
4) Set the REF output to ECL. The signal should
go from -1.8V to -0.8V with a 50 ohm
termination.
4) Set the REF output to ECL and verify that
triggering occurs between about -1.8 and 0.8V.
5) Set the B input to AC and verify that triggering
occurs between about -0.5 to +0.5 V.
EXT input
Counter Channel Tests
1) Set the REF output to TTL and connect it to
the EXT input.
2) Adjust the EXT trigger knob and verify the
triggering starts at about 0V and stops at
about 4V.
3) Set the EXT input to 50 ohms and verify that
triggering now occurs between about 0 and
2V.
4) Set the REF output to ECL and verify that
triggering occurs between about -1.8 and 0.8V.
A input
1) Set the REF output to TTL and connect it to
the A input.
2) Adjust the A trigger knob and verify the
triggering starts at about 0V and stops at
about 4V.
3) Set the A input to 50 ohms and verify that
triggering now occurs between about 0 and
2V.
4) Set the REF output to ECL and verify that
triggering occurs between about -1.8 and 0.8V.
1) Set the SR620 to TIME mode, A source,
+TIME arming, sample size to to 500,
Automeasure on (press the START button
until the AUTO LED comes on) and display
the mean. Tee the 10MHz rear panel output
to the A and B inputs using equal length
cables from the tee to the inputs. Set the A
and B inputs to 50 ohms and the trigger levels
to 0.0V.
2) Set the A and B slopes to +.
should read less than 1ns.
The display
3) Set the display to jitter. The reading should be
less than 50ps.
4) Set the mode to frequency, the arming to 0.1s
gate, the source to A, sample size to 1. The
display should read 10 MHz ±35mHz.
(9999999.965 to 10000000.035 Hz)
5) Set the gate size to 1s. The display should
read 10MHz ±3.5mHz.
6) Set the A input to UHF. The reading should
be 10MHZ ±3.5mHz.
7) Set the source to B, and the B input to UHF.
The reading should be 10MHz ±3.5mHz.
Rear Panel Tests
5) Set the A input to AC and verify that triggering
occurs between about -0.5 to +0.5 V.
1) Set the REF output to TTL and connect it to
the B input.
1) Attach the x and y scope outputs to an
oscilloscope in x-y mode. Set the scope input
channel to 1 V/div. Make sure that the
displayed picture is free of major distortion or
anomalies. Minor distortion can be caused by
poorly compensated scope inputs.
2) Adjust the B trigger knob and verify the
triggering starts at about 0V and stops at
about 4V.
2) Attach the printer to the printer port. Press the
print button. The printed graph should be the
same as the displayed graph.
B input
THIS COMPLETES THE FUNCTIONAL TESTS
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Performance Test
PERFORMANCE TESTS
These tests measure the performance of the
SR620 in comparison to its specifications.
63
inputs in 50 ohms and set the trigger levels to
0.00V. Set both A and B slopes to +.
4) Display the mean and verify that the reading is
less than ±1ns. Record the reading.
Timebase Frequency
This test checks the frequency of the SR620's
10MHz clock. The clock should be recalibrated
whenever the frequency deviates significantly from
10MHz.
1) Allow the SR620 to warm up for at least 1/2
hour.
2) Set the SR620 mode to frequency, source to
A, arming to 1s gate, sample size to 1, A
trigger level to 0.00V, A termination to 50
Ohms.
3) Attach the frequency standard to the A input
and measure its frequency. Record the result.
Accuracy
This test checks that the SR620 will produce the
correct result given a known input. This test does
not check the accuracy of the 10 MHz time base.
specification: 10 MHz ± .0035 Hz
1) Set the SR620 to Frequency Mode,A source,
1s gate, 1 sample.
2) Attach the rear panel 10MHz output to A,
terminate in 50 Ohms.
3) Verify that the reading is consistent with the
above specification. Record the reading.
Time Interval
This test tests the accuracy of time interval
measurements. The resolution is also checked.
specification: < ±1ns accuracy
< 50ps rms jitter
1) Set the pulse generator to square wave, 4V
amplitude, frequency to 10 kHz.
5) Display the jitter and verify that the reading is
less than 50ps rms. Record the reading.
Trigger Sensitivity
These tests confirm that the A and B inputs and
UHF prescalers have normal sensitivity.
1) Attach the function generator's reference clock
input to the SR620's 10MHz output. Set the
function to square wave and the amplitude to
110mV pk-pk with no offset.
2) Connect the function generator to the SR620's
A input. Terminate the input into 50 ohms, set
the trigger slope to +, and set the trigger level
to 0.02 Volts (this centers the hysteresis about
0.00V).
3) Set the SR620's mode to Frequency, 1s gate,
1 sample, display to mean.
4) Set the source to A, the A trigger level to
0.02V, and measure the frequency at the
following frequencies: 0.1 Hz, 10Hz, 1kHz,
100kHz, 1MHz, and 10MHz. note: the 0.1 Hz
measurement will take at least 40s to stabilize.
The frequencies should read:
setting
0.1 Hz
10 Hz
1 kHz
100 kHz
1 MHz
10 MHz
Frequency Reading
0.1Hz ±20 µHz
10 Hz ±1 mHz
1 kHz ±1 mHz
100 kHz ±0.01Hz
1 MHz ± 0.1 Hz
10 MHz ± 1.0 Hz
Record the results.
5) Set the source to B, the B trigger threshold to
0.02V, terminate the B input into 50 Ohms, set
the trigger slope to +, connect the function
generator to the SR620's B input, and
measure the same group of frequencies.
Record the results.
2) Tee the output of the pulse generator to the A
and B inputs of the SR620 using equal length
cables from the tee to the inputs.
6) Attach the rf generator's reference input to the
SR620's 10MHz output.
3) Set the SR620 to time mode, source A, +TIME
arming, 1000 samples. Terminate the A and B
7) Attach the generator's rf output to the SR620's
A input. Terminate the A input into 50 ohms.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
64
Performance Test
Set the generator to 100 MHz and the output
level to -2dBm. Measure the frequency. Set
the output level to +1dBm and the frequency
to 300MHz. Measure the frequency. The
frequencies should read:
setting
100MHz
300MHz
Frequency Reading
100MHz ± 10 Hz
300MHz ± 30 Hz
Record the results.
8) Set the SR620's A input to UHF. Set the A
trigger level to 0.00V.Set the generator to
300MHz with a -22dBm output level. Measure
the frequency. Set the generator to 1.3GHz at
an output level of +5dBm. Measure the
frequency. The frequencies should read:
setting
300MHz
1.3GHz
Frequency Reading
300MHz ± 30 Hz
1.3 GHz ± 130Hz
5) Set the A trigger level to AUTO and the D/A #0
to 1V. Read the trigger level. Record this
result. The value should be 1.0V ±50mV.
6) Repeat steps 2,3, 4, and 5 for channel B and
record the results.
D/A Output Accuracy
These tests verify the accuracy of the rear panel
D/A outputs.
specification: 0.3% full scale (±30mV)
1) Connect the voltmeter to the D/A 0 output.
2) In the Scn submenu of the SR620's
configuration menus set the two D/A outputs
to D/A mode (not chart).
3) Set D/A 0 to -10.00V. Measure the output
voltage and record the result. Verify that the
reading is -10.00V ±30mV.
Record the results.
9) Repeat steps 7 and 8 for channel B. Record
the results.
Trigger Level Accuracy
These tests confirm the accuracy of the SR620's
trigger level calibration.
specification: 15mV + 0.5% of setting
1) Attach the SR620 rear panel D/A #0 output to
the channel A input. Also tee this signal to the
voltmeter (note: noise from the voltmeter can
produce false triggering of the SR620. A 110uF capacitor across the inputs of the
voltmeter solves this problem.).
2) Set the SR620 to time mode. Set the A input
to1 Mohm, + slope, and the A trigger threshold
to 0.00V.
4) Set D/A 0 to 0.00V. Measure the output
voltage and record the result. Verify that the
reading is 0.00V ±30mV.
5) Set D/A 0 to +10.00V. Measure the output
voltage and record the result. Verify that the
reading is +10.00V ±30mV.
6) Repeat steps 3, 4, and 5 for D/A output 1.
Record the results.
DVM Input Accuracy
These tests verify the accuracy of the DVM inputs.
specification: 0.3% full scale
1) Attach the SR620 D/A #0 output to DVM input
0. Attach the voltmeter so that it monitors the
power supply voltage.
2) Set the SR620 display to DVM.
3) Set the D/A output to -1.0V and slowly
increase the voltage until the A TRIG LED
flashes. Record this voltmeter reading. The
voltage should be 0.00V ±15mV.
4) Set the A trigger level to 4V. Slowly increase
the D/A #0 voltage from 0 V until the A TRIG
LED flashes.
Record this voltage.
The
voltage should be 4.0V ±30mV.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
3) Set D/A output #0 to 0.00 V. Compare the
SR620 reading to that of the voltmeter. The
difference should be < 6mV. Record the
difference.
4) Set D/A output #0 to 1.80 V. Compare the
SR620 reading to that of the voltmeter. The
difference should be < 6mV. Record the
difference.
Performance Test
65
5) Set D/A output #0 to 10.00 V. Compare the
SR620 reading to that of the voltmeter. The
difference should be < 60mV. Record the
difference.
6) Repeat steps 1-5 for DVM input 1. Record the
results.
THIS COMPLETES THE PERFORMANCE
TESTS
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
66
Performance Test
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Performance Test
67
SR620 PERFORMANCE TEST RECORD
Serial Number ___________
Tested By:_______________
Oscillator: _________
Date:________
Temperature:_______
Comments:
Pass
Fail
Functional Tests
Display Test
Self Test
Ext Input
A Input
B Input
Counter Tests
Rear Panel Tests
____
____
____
____
____
____
____
Minimum
Actual
____
____
____
____
____
____
____
Maximum
Performance Tests
Timebase Frequency
Accuracy
Time Interval
Accuracy
Jitter
_________
9999999.9965 Hz
-1 ns
0
_________
_________
_________
10000000.0035 Hz
+1 ns
50 ps
Trigger Inputs
A Comparators
0.1Hz
10Hz
1 kHz
100 kHz
1 MHz
10 MHz
100 MHz
300 MHz
99.980 mHz
9.999 Hz
999.999 Hz
99.99999 kHz
999.9999 kHz
9.999999 MHz
99.99999 MHz
299.99997 MHz
_________
_________
_________
_________
_________
_________
_________
_________
100.020 mHz
10.001 Hz
1000.001 Hz
100.00001 kHz
1.0000001 MHz
10.000001 MHz
100.00001 MHz
300.00003 MHz
A UHF
300 MHz
1.3 GHz
299.99997 MHz
1.29999987 GHz
_________
_________
300.00003 MHz
1.30000013 GHz
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
68
Performance Test
Minimum
Actual
Maximum
99.980 mHz
9.999 Hz
999.999 Hz
99.99999 kHz
999.9999 kHz
9.999999 MHz
99.99999 MHz
299.99997 MHz
_________
_________
_________
_________
_________
_________
_________
_________
100.020 mHz
10.001 Hz
1000.001 Hz
100.00001 kHz
1.0000001 MHz
10.000001 MHz
100.00001 MHz
300.00003 MHz
299.99997 MHz
1.29999987 GHz
_________
_________
300.00003 MHz
1.30000013 GHz
-0.015 V
3.965 V
_________
_________
+0.015 V
4.035V
-0.015 V
3.965 V
_________
_________
+0.015 V
4.035V
D/A Accuracy
D/A #0 -10.0V
D/A #0
0.0 V
D/A #0 10.0 V
-9.97 V
-0.03 V
9.97 V
_________
_________
_________
-10.03 V
0.03 V
10.03 V
D/A #1 -10.0V
D/A #1
0.0 V
D/A #1 10.0 V
-9.97 V
-0.03 V
9.97 V
_________
_________
_________
-10.03 V
0.03 V
10.035 V
DVM Accuracy
DVM #0
0.0V
DVM #0 1.8 V
DVM #0 10.0 V
∆ = -0.006V
∆ = -0.006V
∆ = -0.06V
_________
_________
_________
∆ = 0.006V
∆ = 0.006V
∆ = 0.06V
DVM #1
0.0V
DVM #1 1.8 V
DVM #1 10.0 V
∆ = -0.006V
∆ = -0.006V
∆ = -0.06V
_________
_________
_________
∆ = 0.006V
∆ = 0.006V
∆ = 0.06V
B Comparators
0.1Hz
10Hz
1 kHz
100 kHz
1 MHz
10 MHz
100 MHz
300 MHz
B UHF
300 MHz
1.3 GHz
Trigger Accuracy
A 0V
A 4V
B 0V
B 4V
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Calibration Procedure
69
CALIBRATION
The SR620 is calibrated by adjusting calibration
constants which are stored in the unit's batterybacked up RAM. The calibration values which
were determined when the unit was manufactured
are stored in the unit's ROM, and may be recalled
at any time.
Calbyte
Function
0
1
2
3
Start TAC gain adjust
Start TAC zero offset
Stop TAC gain adjust
Stop TAC zero offset
The SR620 is mostly self-calibrating. The AutoCal
procedure may be run to adjust most of the
calibration constants to their correct value. An
important exception to this is the adjustment of the
10 MHz timebase. (See calibration procedure for
adjusting timebase frequency.) To run the AutoCal
procedure, select the "Autocal" line in the CAL
submenu of the CONFIG menu and push the
"START" button. The procedure will finish (in
about two minutes) with the message "Cal done".
(See the troubleshooting section of the manual if a
error occurs.) Autocal should be run every 1000
operating hours, or if the environmental operating
conditions change significantly. It may also be run
before critical measurements to insure optimum
instrument performance.
4
10MHz oscillator adjustment
CALBYTES
The calbytes adjust for unit-to-unit variations which
are very stable. Most of the calibration is
automatic; there are only a few manual calibration
procedures. The calbytes may be viewed (and
adjusted) by putting the "cal enable" jumper
(inside the SR620 at the front center of the circuit
board) into the "enable" position and then looking
at the "Caldat" line in the Cal submenu. The
function of the calbytes are given in the table here:
5,6,7
8,9,10
Ext,A,B comparator gain adjustment
Ext,A,B positive slope zero offset
adjust
11,12,13 Ext,A,B negative slope zero offset
adjust
14,15
A,B autolevel offset adjust
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28-39
D/A #0 zero offset adjust
D/A #1 zero offset adjust
D/A #0 gain adjust
D/A #1 gain adjust
DVM input #0 20V range zero offset
DVM input #1 20V range zero offset
DVM #0 zero offset for 2V range
DVM #1 zero offset for 2V range
DVM #0 20V range gain adjust
DVM #1 20V range gain adjust
DVM #0 2V range gain adjust
DVM #1 2V range gain adjust
Insertion delay correction (total
correction = base (byte40)+correction)
for inputs and slopes A+B+,A+B-,AB+,A-B-,REF+B+,REF+B-,REF-B+,
REF-B-,B+A+,B-A+,B+A-,B-A40
Base insertion delay
41-45
Width insertion delay correction ( total
correction = base (byte 40) +
correction) for inputs and slopes A+,A,B+,B-,REF
46-49
Tr/tf insertion delay correction (total
correction = base (byte 40)
+
correction) for inputs and slopes A+,A,B+,B50
Freq/period insertion delay
51-115 Start TAC linearization bytes
116-180 Stop TAC linearization bytes
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
70
Calibration Procedure
Note: The AutoCal procedure automatically
adjusts bytes 0-3,40,45,50-180.
That is, it
automatically adjusts the start and stop TACs, the
TAC linearity, the base time interval insertion
delay, the width of REF insertion delay correction,
and the freq/period insertion delay.
Necessary Equipment:
1) 100MHz or faster oscilloscope.
2) 10 - 20MHz pulse generator with 5ns or less
transition times such as Hewlett-Packard
HP8012.
Calibration Procedure
3) Precision DC voltmeter such as Fluke 8840A.
Note: Allow 1/2 hour warmup before calibrating
the SR620.
Note: The factory value for a particular calbyte
may be recalled from ROM by displaying the
calbyte and pressing the "CLR REL" button. The
factory value for all of the calbytes may be recalled
by pressing the "CLR" button in the SCOPE and
CHART section.
4) 0 - 20 V stable dc power supply.
5) 10MHz frequency standard with better than 5
x 10-10 /day aging, such as a Cesium clock.
6) 180 degree rf power splitter with less than a
few hundred picoseconds phase shift between
the non-inverting and inverting outputs (such
as Mini-Circuits ZSCJ-2-1).
Simple Calibration
7) 2 equal ( less than ±1/2")length BNC cables.
It is rare that the SR620 will need a complete
recalibration. In virtually all cases this simple
calibration procedure will suffice.
8) BNC cable of known time delay.
measured with SR620.
Procedure:
Trigger Input Calibration
1) Run Autocal.
Note: This description refers to channel A.
Channels B and EXT have the same procedure.
Wherever a particular value is noted the values for
B and EXT will be noted in parentheses (B,EXT).
2) To calibrate the timebase, attach a precision
10MHz source to the A input. Measure its
frequency with a 1s gate. Adjust calbyte 4
until the display reads exactly 10.0MHz. The
allowable range of calbyte 4 is 0 to 4095 all
other numbers are set modulo 4096. If, with
the oven oscillator, the frequency cannot be
set with the calbyte remaining in range, set the
calbyte to midrange and adjust the coarse
adjustment screw on the oscillator until the
frequency is correct.
Note: Attach a x-y scope to the SR620 and look at
the histogram display. The mean value can be
read off of the histogram while the calbyte is
viewed and adjusted on the front panel.
Complete Calibration Procedure:
Note: All or any part of this procedure may be
done .
Can be
Input Compensation
1) Connect the REF output to the A input with a
coax cable. Select TTL level for the REF OUT
level. Attach a compensated scope probe to
R413 (R443,R473)
2) Adjust C402 (C422,C442) for best pulse
shape on the 10 us/div scope display.
Input Threshold Offset Calibration
1) With the input open, set the MODE to TIME
and the arming EXT. Turn off automeasure by
pressing the RESET key in the SAMPLE SIZE
section. Select TRIG for the DISPLAY and set
the TRIG threshold for 0 V.
2) Set the slope to + and calbyte 9 (10,8) to
2200.
3) Slowly reduce the value of calbyte 9 (10,8)
until the trigger light flashes. This is the
correct value.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Calibration Procedure
4) Set the slope to - and calbyte 12 (13,11) to
1800.
5) Slowly increase the value of calbyte 12 (13,11)
until the trigger light flashes. This is the correct
value.
71
adjust the coarse adjustment screw on the
oscillator until the frequency is correct.
Insertion Delay Calibration
Start this procedure by running AutoCal on a well
warmed-up instrument.
Input Threshold Gain Calibration
1) Set the slope to + and the threshold to 4.5V.
Set calbyte 6 (7,5) to 1. Attach a precision dc
source to input A. Slowly increase the dc
voltage from 0 until the trigger light flashes.
Note: If the calbytes calculated below are positive
set the calbyte to that value. If they are negative
set them to 65536 - abs(value) . Use the scope
histogram display to see measurement values
when adjusting the Calbytes.
2) The gain factor is dc voltage/4.5.
Time Mode:
3) Calculate the value of calbyte 6 (7,5) as
follows:
a) If the gain is less than 1 multiply the gain
factor by 65536 and round the answer even.
b) If the gain factor is greater than or equal to
1 multiply the gain factor by 65536 and round
the answer odd.
1) Set the mode to time, arming to +time,source
to A, sample size to 1000, and the triggers to
the midpoint of the input signals.
4) Enter the new calbyte value.
3) Set the A and B slopes to + and measure the
time interval. Adjust calbyte 28 until the
answer reads 0.
Autolevel Offset Calibration (For A and B only)
1) With the input open, turn the threshold knob to
the autolevel position and read the trigger
level.
2) Divide the trigger level by 0.00488
3) Add this value to the calbyte.
2) Tee the output of the pulse generator to the A
and B inputs with equal length cables.
Terminate the inputs with 50 Ohms.
4) Set the A and B slopes to - and measure the
time interval. Adjust calbyte 31 until the
answer reads 0.
5) Attach the non-inverting output of the power
splitter to A and the inverting output to B.
Clock Oscillator Calibration
Note: Allow at least 1 hour warmup before
adjusting the clock.
6) Set the A slope to + and the B slope to - and
measure the time interval. Adjust calbyte 29
until the answer reads 0.
1) Attach a scope probe to TP1 ( R305) in the
right rear of the circuit board. Set the scope to
50mV/div and 20ns/div.
7) Set the A slope to - and the B slope to + and
measure the time interval. Adjust calbyte 30
until the answer reads 0.
2) Adjust L303,L304,L306,L307 for maximum
amplitude of the 90MHz clock signal.
8) Set the Source to B.
3) Run Autocal.
4) Attach a precision 10MHz source to the A
input and measure its frequency with a 1s
gate. Adjust calbyte 4 until the display reads
exactly 10.0MHz. The allowable range of
calbyte 4 is 0 to 4095 all other numbers are
set modulo 4096. If the frequency of the oven
oscillator cannot be set with a calbyte in this
range, set the calbyte to midrange (2048) and
9) Set the A and B slopes to + and measure the
time interval. Adjust calbyte 36 until the
answer reads 0.
10) Set the A and B slopes to - and measure the
time interval. Adjust calbyte 39 until the
answer reads 0.
11) Attach the non-inverting output of the power
splitter to A and the inverting output to B.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
72
Calibration Procedure
12) Set the A slope to + and the B slope to - and
measure the time interval. Adjust calbyte 37
until the answer reads 0.
13) Set the A slope to - and the B slope to + and
measure the time interval. Adjust calbyte 38
until the answer reads 0.
14) Set the source to REF and attach the known
length cable from REF to B.
15) Set the A and B slopes to + and measure the
time interval. Adjust calbyte 32 until the
known value of the cable length is shown.
16) Set the A and B slopes to - and measure the
time interval. Adjust calbyte 35 until the
known value of the cable length is shown.
17) Set the A slope to + and the B slope to - and
measure the time interval. Adjust calbyte 33
until the known length + 500us is shown.
18) Set the A slope to - and the B slope to + and
measure the time interval. Adjust calbyte 34
until the known length + 500us is shown.
Rise/Fall Time Mode:
1) Set the mode to rise/fall time , arming to +
time. Set both A and B trigger thresholds to
the same value.
2) Set the source to A .
3) Attach the non-inverting power splitter output
to A. Set the A slope to + and measure the
width. Write this down as W1.
4) Set the A slope to - and measure the width.
Write this down as W2.
5) Attach the inverting power splitter output to B.
Set the A slope to + and measure the width.
Write this down as W3.
6) Set the A slope to - and measure the width.
Write this down as W4.
7) Measure the period of the A input using a 1s
gate. Write this down as T.
8) Calculate the CHANGE to calbytes 41 and 42
as follows:
calbyte 41 change = (W1 + W3 -T)/
(2*2.7126736111E-12)
calbyte 42 change= (W2 + W4 - T)/
(2*2.7126736111E-12)
9) Repeat steps 1-8 with channel B to get the
changes in calbytes 43 and 44.
Frequency,Period,Phase,and Count mode:
1) These modes need no calibration.
2) Set the source to A and attach the pulse
generator to A.
D/A Output Calibration
3) Set the slopes to + and measure the rise time.
Adjust calbyte 46 until the answer reads 0.
4) Set the slopes to - and measure the fall time.
adjust calbyte 47 until the answer reads 0.
Offset Calibration:
5) Set the source to B and attach the pulse
generator to B.
1) Attach a precision (better than 0.1% error) dc
voltmeter to D/A #0. Select the Scn submenu
of the configuration menus. Go to the d/a
mode line and set D/A #0 and D/A #0 to D/A.
Set D/A #0 to 0 V.
6) Set the slopes to + and measure the rise time.
Adjust calbyte 48 until the answer reads 0.
2) Adjust calbyte 16 until the meter reads within
5mV of zero.
7) Set the slopes to - and measure the fall time.
Adjust calbyte 49 until the answer reads 0.
3) Attach the voltmeter to D/A # 1. Set D/A #1 to
0 V.
Width Mode:
4) Adjust calbyte 17 until the meter reads within 5
mV of 0.
1) Set the mode to width, arming to +time. Set
both A and B thresholds to the midpoint of the
input signal.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
D/A Output Gain Calibration:
Calibration Procedure
73
1) Attach the voltmeter to D/A #0. Set D/A #0 to
10V. Set calbyte 18 to 1.
2) Measure the output voltage. Gain factor =
10.0/V.
3) Calculate calbyte 18 as follows:
a) If the gain is less than 1, multiply the gain
factor by 65536 and round even.
b) If the gain is greater than or equal to 1,
multiply the gain factor by 65536 and
round odd.
4) Repeat 1-3 with output 1 to get calbyte 19.
DVM Input Calibration
1) Attach a stable dc source to DVM input 0 and
to the voltmeter.
2) Set the DVM 0 input range to 20V.
3) Set the dc source to 0.
4) Adjust calbyte 20 until the DVM 0 reading and
the voltmeter reading agree.
5) Set the dc source to about 18 V.
6) Adjust calbyte 24 until the DVM 0 reading and
the voltmeter agree.
7) Set the DVM 0 input range to 2V and the dc
source to 0.
8) Adjust calbyte 22 until the DVM 0 reading and
the voltmeter agree.
9) Set the dc source for about 1.8V.
10) Adjust calbyte 26 until the DVM 0 reading and
the voltmeter agree.
11) Repeat 1-10 for DVM input 1 to get values for
calbytes 21,25,23, and 27.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
74
Calibration Procedure
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Circuit Description
75
SR620 CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION
PROCESSOR SYSTEM
(Sheet 1 of 16)
The processor is a Z8800 ( Super-8 ) which
integrates a fast 8 bit microprocessor, UART,
counter-timers, and an interrupt controller into one
VLSI component.
The processor is clocked at just above 20 MHz.
The crystal, X101, is specified as a seriesresonant 20 MHz crystal, so it will oscillate at a
few kiloHertz above 20 MHz with the parallel 30
pF load. This crystal is used only for processor
timing.
The processor can address 128K of memory.
There are 16 address bits and one bank select bit.
The bank select bit, -DM, is low to select "data
memory" and high to select "program memory".
The lower 8 bits of the address bus are latched off
the data bus by U102.
The firmware (and the factory calibration bytes )
reside in U103, a 64Kx8 200 ns UVEPROM which
occupies all of "program memory".
U104 is a 32Kx8 static RAM, whose contents are
preserved on power-down by the lithium battery.
The chip-select to the RAM is inhibited when the
RESET is asserted by Q101. This prevents
corruption of the RAM contents when the power is
turned off. This static RAM is mapped into the top
half of "data memory".
Port strobes are generated by U106 and U107. I/O
ports are mapped into the bottom 1/4 of "data
memory" while the 8Kx8 display memory is
mapped into the 2/4 of the bank. Various control
signals are generated by U108-110. The buffered
data bus (to all of the system's I/O ports) is
enabled only if access to the bottom half of "data
memory" is required.
The Z8800 has a prioritizing vector interrupt
controller. Hardware interrupts are assigned as
follows:
Port
Name
Function
P2_0
P2_2
P2_3
P2_4
-A/D_Int
-Stop_Int
-Gpib_Int
-RTC
A/D conversion complete
Stop received
IEEE-488 interface
1 kHz real-time clock
P2_6
P3_2
P3_4
P3_6
Ticks_6
-Strt_Int
-Dropout
Cycles_6
To internal counter
Start received
Power supply dropout
To internal counter
The inputs to the internal 16 bit counters (P2_6
and P3_6) will generate an interrupt on overflow.
These inputs will have a maximum frequency of
about 1.5 MHz, and so may generate interrupts at
up to 60 Hz.
The other bits on the Z8800's ports 2 & 3 are used
as follows:
Port
Name
Function
P2_1
-Busrq
P2_5
P2_7
-Prnt_Stb
-Reload
P3_0
P3_1
P3_3
P3_5
P3_7
RS232_In
RS232_Out
Busy
-DM
-Ttlstopn
Requests
assess
to
display RAM
Printer strobe
Reloads all counters and
timers
Received serial data
Transmitted serial data
Printer busy
Low for Data Memory
Stop input enabled
GPIB INTERFACE
(Sheet 2 of 16)
The GPIB (IEEE-488) interface is provided by
U122, a TMS9914A controller. U123 and U124
buffer data I/O to the GPIB connector. U122 is
programmed to provide an Gpib_Int to the Z8800
when data is sent to the unit by the user's GPIB
controller.
PRINTER INTERFACE
(Sheet 2 of 16)
The instrument's firmware allows scope displays to
be printed to Epson compatible printers. Output
data is buffered by U128, an LS octal transceiver.
Output control bits are buffered by the open
collector driver U127, and input control bits are
discriminated by 1/4 and 2/4 of U125.
The printer port may be used as a general
purpose digital I/O port. Normally, the bit Print/-Init
is used to initialize the printer when brought low,
and configure the octal buffer for output when set
high. However, with this bit set low, the Z8800 can
read data which is present at the printer port.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
76
Circuit Description
GPIB &
functions.
RS232
commands
support
these
RS-232 INTERFACE
(Sheet 2 of 16)
The Z8800 UART output is buffered by 1/4 of
U126 to send data from the instrument to a host
computer. The RS-232 received data is buffered
by 3/4 of U125 and sent to the Z8800 UART input.
The Z8800 can set the bit -RS232CTS low to tell
the host computer that is okay to send data. The
RS232 bits DSR and CD are always high. The
signal from the host computer, DTR (Data
Terminal Ready ), may be used to stop RS232
data output if DTR goes low.
The SR620 is a DCE and may be connected to
PC's using a standard serial cable (not a "null
modem" cable).
SCOPE DISPLAY
(Sheet 3 of 16)
Rear panel outputs provide voltages to display
histograms and graphs on an XY oscilloscope.
The xy coordinates are stored in a list in the 8Kx8
static RAM, U117. This RAM may be written to or
read from by the Z8800. Access to the RAM is had
by asserting the -Busrq bit, at which time the Z80H
(U116) releases the data, address, and control
lines to the RAM, and sets -Busak low, allowing
the Z8800's address, data, and control line to
access the RAM via U114-116.
The Z80, which is clocked at 8 MHz by the crystal
oscillator X102, is executing a short program
(which is also stored in the RAM) which writes xy
pairs to the two 8 bit D/A's. The program can
refresh 3000 points 60 times a second. This
hardware configuration relies on the fortunate fact
that the Z80 instruction, Out(C),A , places the
contents of the C register on the lower eight bits of
the address bus, and the contents of the B register
on the top eight bits of the address bus. This
allows the Z80 to write 16 bits of data
simultaneously to the two D/A converters.
The Z80 executes a halt instruction after
refreshing the XY display. The halt is ended by a
Line_Cross interrupt which starts the next refresh
cycle. A wavering display is avoided by
synchronizing the refresh to the line frequency.
The quad op-amp, U121, provides -10.24 and +5.0
Vdc references to the two DAC's, and converts
their current outputs to voltages. Whenever the
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Z80 is halted or has relinquished its bus to the
Z8800, the beam is pulled off the screen by
current injected via D127.
COUNTER INPUT PORTS
(Sheet 4 of 16)
U201 through U203 are used to read data into the
processor. Read instructions which reference the
"data memory" will generate a port strobe to place
data on the processor's data bus.
The seven LSB's from the Tick counter are read
by U201. This counter is called the Tick counter
because it usually counts the clock cycles of the
90 MHz timebase. It may also be used to count
events when in the COUNT Mode.
The seven LSB's from the CYCLE counter are
read by U202. This counter is called the CYCLE
counter because it usually counts the number of
cycles of an input when the unit is in the
FREQUENCY, PERIOD or PHASE Modes.
Key presses may be detected as part of the LED
display refresh. A key press will connect a strobe
line to one of the four input bits, Kbrd_(0-3), which
may be read at the input port U203. If there are no
key presses, all of the Kbrd lines will be low.
The of input bits to U203 are:
Print_Err
Neg_Time
-DTR
Cal_En
Detects printer error
Indicates a Stop before Start
Low if RS232 device is ready
Jumper high to enable calibration
DISPLAY CONTROL OUTPUT PORTS
(Sheet 4 of 16)
U204 though U208 are octal latches (74HCT374)
which latch the data bus contents on the rising
edge of the port strobe. Latched bits perform a
variety of control functions within the instrument
and are used to control the front panel LED
displays and lamps, as well as provide strobes to
read key press data.
U204 selects two digits and ten LED's for refresh.
Only one of the eight bits is strobed low at a time,
saturating one of the transistors in U210 or U211.
Should the port strobe to U204 become inactive,
the one-shot (2/2 U131) will disable the output
drivers so that no LEDs will be damaged. U206
and U207's outputs are set low to turn on
particular segments in the even and odd digits. A
Circuit Description
high bit from U208 will saturate a transistor in
U209, lighting the corresponding lamp on the front
panel.
6 CMP2_B/-A Selects B or A for Comp2
7 CMP3_E/-C Selects Ext or Int_Cal
Comp3
The front panel displays and keyboard are
interface to the main PCB via a 40-pin cable,
J201. Each digit is refreshed for 2 mS. Because
there are large current transients associated with
the multiplexed displays, a separate +5 supply and
ground return are provided for the LED's.
ADC, DAC, and MISC CONTROL BITS
(Sheet 5 of 16)
FRONT-END STATUS BITS
(Sheet 5 of 16)
U233 allows the processor to read various status
bits from the front-end inputs. These status bits
are defined as follows:
Bit Name
Function
0 -Bad_Clk
1 -Ovld_A
Cold oven or bad Ext timebase
Overload to A's 50 Ohm
terminator
Overload to B's 50 Ohm
terminator
Overload to Ext 50 Ohm
terminator
Ready to make a measurement
Flag for Ext Trig LED
Flag for B's Trig LED
Flag for A's Trig LED
2 -Ovld_B
3 -Ovld_Ext
4
5
6
7
-Armed
Cmp_3ttl
Trig_2
Trig_1
The last four bits in the above table are latched by
U231 and U232. Three of the bits are converted
from ECL to TTL levels by U230. All of the flags
may be set with very short pulses ( 3 ns ) and the
flags are cleared after reading when Flagclr is
strobed by the processor.
FRONT-END CONTROL BITS
(Sheet 5 of 16)
U234, and the associated emitter followers Q210212 and U239, are used to control front-end
relays. These relays select signal sources for the
comparators, select ac or dc coupling, and control
the 50 Ohm terminators. The definitions of these
control bits is given in the table here:
Bit Name
Function
0
1
2
3
4
5
Low for 50 Ohm on A
Low for 50 Ohm on B
Low for 50 Ohm on Ext
Low for dc couple on A
Low for dc couple on B
Selects A or B for Comp1
-A_50
-B_50
-Ext_50
-A_dc
-B_dc
CMP1_A/-B
77
for
U235 controls the analog-to-digital converter
(ADC) multiplexer, and digital volt meter (DVM)
source and gain. ( See sheet 12 of 16.) The table
below defines each bit:
Bit Name
Function
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
LSB of ADC multiplexer
Middle bit of ADC multiplexer
MSB of ADC multiplexer
Low to sample DVM input
Low for 2 VFS, high for 20 VFS
High to select DVM1
Low to select DVM1
High for internal gate enable
Adc_Mpx0
Adc_Mpx1
Adc_Mpx2
-Adc_S/H
-Adc_Gain
Adc1
-Adc1
Int_Gaten
There are eight digitally controlled analog voltages
used in the instrument. These voltages are
supplied by one 12 bit digital-to-analog converter
(DAC) which refreshes eight sample-and-hold
amplifiers. ( See sheet 12 of 16.) U236 controls
the DAC multiplexer and provides four other
miscellaneous bits. The definitions for these bits is
given in the table below:
Bit Name
Function
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
DAC multiplexer LSB
DAC multiplexer middle bit
DAC multiplexer MSB
High to inhibit multiplexer
High to start delay on EXT rise
Low to use internal timebase
High for TTL REF output
High to start delay on EXT fall
Dac_Mpx0
Dac_Mpx1
Dac_Mpx2
Dac_Inh
Sel_Cmp3
-Int_Clk
Ttl/-Ecl
Sel_-Cmp3
There are 24 emitter coupled logic (ECL) level
status bits available from three HC shift registers,
U237, U238 and U250. The outputs from these
ICs swing between -0.7 vdc and -5.2 vdc. Data
from the processor's MSB is shifted serially into
these registers by "Eclshf", and transferred to their
outputs by the port strobe "Rck". The data, clock,
and load bits are level shifted by the resistor
networks N213 and N214. The -0.7 Vdc supply for
the shift registers comes from a transistor in U239.
These ECL level bits allow the processor to control
the mode of the ECL circuits which do the fast
measurements. U237 and the LSB of U238 control
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
78
Circuit Description
the Frequency, Start and Stop ECL multiplexers
(see sheet 9 of 16). These multiplexers select the
signal sources to be measured.
levels (-0.8 to -1.8V) to 50 Ohm loads to ground.
The rise and fall times for this output are about 2
ns.
U250 is used to enable the portions of the frontend which are needed to do a particular
measurement. For example, if the frequency of a
slow signal on the A input is to be measured, only
comparator #1 will be enabled (Cmp1_En is high);
all other comparators and prescalers will be turned
off as they are noise sources for this
measurement. The bits Trig1_Pol and Trig2_Pol
are set so that the latches in U232 are set by the
selected input signal polarity. (This ensures that
the TRIG LED's will blink on the correct edge of
the input signal. The edge which is used for
measurement is selected by the ECL multiplexers
on sheet 9 of 16.)
An internal calibration signal, "Int_Cal", is also
driven by the resynchronized 1 kHz ECL signal.
This calibration signal is used to linearize and set
the gain of the time-to-amplitude converters. The
calibration signal provides a linear ramp of about
30 ns duration which is accurately phased to the
internal 10 MHz timebase. The linear ramp is
generated by discharging C222 with a constant
current source. The constant current source is
turned on by the 1 kHz reference signal. C222 is
passively recharged to +10 vdc by R226 and
R239. The FET source follower, Q228, provides a
low impedance output.
The functions of the status bits provided by U238
are detailed in the table below:
Bit Name
Function
B
C
D
E
F
High for COUNT mode
Low for internal arming
Low for positive time arming
Low for +/- time arming
Parity and hold off control
Cnt/-f_ti
-Int_Arm
-P_Time
-P/M_Time
Par/Hoff
More detail regarding the operation of these
control lines is provided in the sections which
describe the ECL arming and counting circuitry.
1 kHz REFERENCE OUTPUT
(Sheet 6 of 16)
A 1.000 KHz calibration signal is generated by
dividing the 10 MHz clock by 2 in U241A, and
dividing the 5MHz by 5000 in 1/3 of U222, an 8254
counter/timer. The 1 kHz output from the 8254 is
also used as a real-time interrupt to the Z8800 to
time certain housekeeping functions, such as
refreshing the front panel LED's. The output of the
8254 is a square wave which is re-sync'ed to the 5
MHz clock by U245A, a D-type flip-flop. The output
of the flip-flop is translated to ECL by U550A and
re-sync'ed to the 10 MHz clock by U311A, an ECL
D-type flip-flop. The careful resynchronization is
required to maintain very low jitter on the
calibration signal.
The driver for the reference output may be
programmed for either ECL or TTL output levels
by the bit TTL/-ECL. The driver has a 50 Ohm
output impedance which supplies 4V to high
impedance loads, 2V to 50 Ohm loads, and ECL
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
DELAY AND GATE GENERATOR
(Sheet 6 of 16)
An internal gate generator is used to provide .01,
.1 and 1 second gates for FREQuency, PERIOD,
PHASE and COUNT mode measurements. The
gate generator may also be set for gates from 1 us
to 1 s via the front panel configuration menu or
computer interfaces.
For non-delayed gates (including the front panel
selectable gates of .01, .1 and 1 s) the control line
"-Clk_On" is set low which presets both flip-flops in
U244 and so releases the clear to U241B. This
allows U241B to run as a divide-by-two which
provides 5 MHz to the clock input of 2/3 of U222,
an 8254 counter/timer. This section of the 8254 is
programmed to divide by 100, clocking the 3/3 of
the 8254 at 50 kHz. ( For gates shorter than 100
us, the 2/3 of the 8254 will be programmed to
divide by 5. ) The 3/3 of the 8254 is programmed
as a software triggered one-shot which sets the
width of the internal gate. The output of the 3/3 of
the 8254 is resynchronized to the 50 kHz clock by
U245B, which provides the actual "Gate_Ctrl"
output.
This internally generated gate may be triggered by
the front panel EXT input. A delay from the EXT
trigger to the opening of the gate may be set or
scanned from the front panel configuration menu
or via one of the computer interfaces.
The dual flip-flop, U244, is used to start the delay
from EXT input. To understand the circuit
configuration for U244, notice that if either flip-flop
is clocked high then the Q output of U244A will be
set high, releasing the clear to the divide-by-two
(U241B). Cmp3 is the comparator output for the
Circuit Description
79
front panel EXT input. The control signals
Sel_Cmp3 and Sel_-Cmp3 are used to select the
rising or falling edge of the EXT input to start the
delay. U244A will be clocked high by -Cmp_3
going low if Sel_Cmp3 is set high, and U244B will
be clocked high by -Cmp_3 going high if Sel_Cmp3 is set high.
The output of this comparator is the timebase for
all time interval measurements. U312 buffers the
90 MHz clock to reduce crosstalk between various
portions of the instrument. The inductors in each
tank circuit, L307,306,303 and L304 are tuned to
maximize the amplitude of the 90 MHz signal at
TP#1.
For delayed gates, the programming of the 8254's
is quite different. In this case, the period of the
output of the 2/3 of the 8254 is set to the gate
width, and the 3/3 of the 8254 is programmed to
go low for one clock cycle after counting down the
delay. Of course, the programmed delay must be
some integer number of gate widths. The firmware
supports gate widths (and delay resolution) from 1
us to 10 ms in a 1-2-5 sequence.
The 10 MHz square wave is converted to TTL
levels by U309A to serve as the timebase for the
internal gate generator.
TIMEBASE
(Sheet 7 of 16)
The standard timebase is U1A, a 10.00000 MHz, 1
ppm, TCXO with aging characteristics of about 1
ppm/yr. U1A is powered by U301 which reregulates +15 VDC to +5 VDC. U1A provides a 10
MHz sine output.
The optional timebase is U303, an ovenized 10
MHz crystal oscillator with 5x10-10/day aging and
2x10-9 stability over 0 to 50 C. This oscillator also
provides a sine wave output which is selected by
the jumper, SW301. When the optional oscillator is
used, U301 regulates +15 VDC to +12 VDC.
The selected timebase is ac coupled into, and
buffered by, the emitter follower, Q306, which is
coupled to the rear panel output via the 10 MHz
tank, C324 and L305. This output provides a clean
10 MHz, 1 Vrms sinewave, into a 50 Ohm load.
The emitter follower Q307 buffers the 10 MHz sine
wave into U304, an ECL differential line receiver
configured as a Schmitt trigger.
The harmonic generator, U314B, creates a train of
pulses which are 5 ns wide with a pulse repetition
rate of 10 MHz. This pulse train has a frequency
spectrum which has equal amplitude components
at 10,20,30,..to about 100 MHz. The matching
network, L307 and C328, resonates at 90 MHz to
selectively couple the 90 MHz component into the
emitter of the cascode amplifier Q309. The tuned
collector load of Q309 (L306 and C326) provides
the input to the four pole crystal filter.
The internal 10 MHz crystal oscillator (either U301
or optional U303) may be phase locked to an
external 5 or 10 MHz reference. The external
reference is ac coupled and buffered by Q308 to
the Schmitt trigger U313A. U313B,C limit the
output to ECL levels, and drive one input to the
ECL phase comparator, U315, an MC12040.
The control line "Ext_5MHz" is high to lock to an
external 5 MHz reference. When high, U314A will
divide by two, providing 5 MHz to the other input of
the phase comparator, U315. To lock to an
external 10 MHz reference, "Ext_5MHz" is low,
and U314A will behave like a one-shot, providing a
10 MHz pulse train to the phase comparator. The
output of the phase comparator is filtered by the -6
dB/octave differential active filter (U316 and
associated R's and C's).
The filtered output of the phase comparator is
used to control the frequency of the crystal
oscillator when -Int_Clk is high. Otherwise, a dc
voltage, V_Freq, sets the oscillator frequency.
(V_Freq may be adjusted in the CAL portion of the
configuration menu.) If the filtered output goes
above +5 Vdc or below -5 Vdc, then the
comparator bit "-Bad_Clk" will go low and the
processor will light the "Clock" LED on the front
panel.
FRONT END INPUTS
(Sheet 8 of 16)
The front-end circuitry is used to discriminate the
A,B and EXT inputs into ECL levels. The inputs
may be ac or dc coupled (except for the EXT input
which is always dc coupled), terminated into 1 M
or 50 Ohms, and compared to levels from -5 to +5
Vdc with 10 mV resolution. Input overloads are
detected (to protect the 50 Ohm terminators) and
a UHF prescaler allows frequency measurements
to 1.3 GHz.
The crystal filter provides about 80 dB of
selectivity for the 90 MHz signal, which is
discriminated by U305, a fast ECL comparator.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
80
Circuit Description
The three inputs are nearly identical: reference
designations for channel A will be used in the
description that follows.
The inputs are terminated to 50 Ohms by the
processor activating relay U401. Both poles of the
DPDT relay are used to reduce inductance. The
50 Ohm terminator is a 1/2 watt resistor, so the
average voltage should not exceed 5 Vdc. U407
detects the voltage at the input; if it exceeds - 5
Vdc, or if the RF (buffered by the emitter follower
Q404 and detected by D403) exceeds +5 Vdc,
then the -OVLD_A bit is asserted. This bit is polled
by the processor, which opens relay if an overload
is detected. The firmware will then blink the 50
Ohm LED to inform the user that the termination
has been removed.
When the input is terminated into 50 Ohms, the
input signal is ac coupled to the prescaler, U403.
The prescaler has a 10 mV rms sensitivity and can
provide a divide-by-64 output for inputs up to 1.3
GHz. The input to the prescaler is limited to the
bias currents in Q404 and D402. Large positive
excursions will reverse bias D402, and large
negative excursions will turn off Q404. The
prescaler is powered by Q405 if -Pre_A_En is low.
This prevents outputs from the prescaler from
interfering in measurements when it is not needed.
The output from the prescaler is shifted to ECL
levels by the emitter follower on its output.
The input signal is attenuated by R403 and R404,
and compensated by C402. C402 is adjusted for
good pulse response by viewing a step input at the
emitter of Q403 on 10 us/div. The attenuated input
signal is limited by D404,405 and buffered by
Q401, a fast n-channel JFET, and by the emitter
follower Q403. The op amp, U404 adjusts the
drain current in Q401 so as to maintain dc
accuracy across the Q401/Q403 pair.
The buffered outputs of A and B are normally sent
to comparators U408 and U418 respectively by
the relays U405 and U415. The relays are
configured so as to reduce crosstalk between the
A & B inputs. In the case of rise and fall-time
measurements, one input signal is sent to both
comparators, which are set for the low and high
voltage levels for the transition being measured.
The comparator U408 is operated in a Schmitt
trigger configuration with about 20 mV of
hysteresis. Since the input signal has been
attenuated by 2x, this represents 40 mV of
hysteresis at the input. The comparator threshold
is set by the output of U406A which serves as a
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
sample and hold amplifier for C409. The
comparator provides inverted and non-inverted
outputs to the ECL multiplexers on sheet 9 of 16.
The multiplexers chooses one or the other to
trigger on rising or falling edges of the input signal.
TRIGGER MULTIPLEXERS
(Sheet 9 of 16)
Nine bits (FREQx,STARTx and STOPx) from the
processor control the signal source to be used in
time interval and frequency measurements. For
time interval measurements, U502 and U503 can
select either the A or B inputs ( either polarity ) to
form either the start or stop signal. The 1.000KHz
CAL signal may also be selected. U501 can select
from
the
same
signals
for
frequency
measurements. If a frequency measurement is to
be done, U502 and U503 will select Freq_Start
and Freq_Stop from the frequency gating logic as
the start and stop signals.
FREQUENCY GATES
(Sheet 9 of 16)
The frequency gating circuitry is used to generate
a start and a stop pulse for time interval
measurement. The start pulse (Freq_Start) occurs
on the second transition of the selected source
after the frequency sampling gate is opened; the
stop pulse (Freq_Stop) occurs on the second
transition of the selected frequency source after
the frequency gate is closed. The circuit also
generates Freq_Gate so that the number of cycles
may be counted. Dividing the number of cycles by
the time interval gives the frequency.
If the signal -Fast_Per is asserted, then the Start
pulse occurs on the FIRST transition of the
selected source after the frequency sampling gate
is opened; the stop pulse occurs on the FIRST
transition of the selected frequency source after
the frequency gate is closed. This allows the time
between a single event pair to be measured. This
mode is not used.
There are four modes of gating: a fixed gate of 1
us to 1s duration, gates which may be delayed or
scanned relative to and external trigger, an
external gate of arbitrary duration, or gating to time
a single period of the input waveform.
For internally generated gates the bit Int_Gaten is
set high, and the gate is controlled by the bit
Gate_Ctrl. The Gate_Ctrl bit may provide fixed
gates or gates which are delayed or scanned
relative to and external trigger. The rising edge of
Circuit Description
Gate_Ctrl sets U506A: the next rising edge of the
frequency source sets U508A high, and the
second rising edge sets U509A, Freq_Start, high.
Freq_Start is selected as the start to the time
interval counter by U502. The -Q of U509A also
asserts Freq_Gate to allow the cycles of the
frequency source to be counted until Freq_Stop is
asserted. The falling edge of the Gate_Ctrl bit sets
U506B. U508B and U509B are used to generate a
Freq_Stop bit which is synchronous with the
second rising edge of the frequency source after
Gate_Ctrl goes low. Freq_Stop is selected as the
stop input to the time interval counter by U503,
and is used to turn off the Freq_Gate bit to stop
the cycle counter for the frequency input.
To measure a single cycle of the input source, Int_Arm is asserted so that U506A & B will be
asserted immediately after the LOAD pulse is
removed. The first rising edge of the frequency
source will set U508A and remove the reset to the
U508B. The next rising edge will set U509A, the
Freq_Start bit, and remove the reset from U509B.
The third rising edge will set U509B, the
Freq_Stop bit. The time between Freq_Start and
Freq_Stop is equal to one cycle of the frequency
input source.
To externally gate, the bit Int_Gaten is set low,
allowing the discriminated EXT input (Cmp3) to
pass to the XOR gate, U430C. The Gate_Ctrl bit is
now used to control the polarity of the EXT input
which is to arm the unit. The frequency gate starts
when U506A is set by the rising edge of the noninverted output of U430C, and the gate is
terminated by the rising edge of the inverted
output of U430C. (The bit Par_Hoff is high.) The
synchronization of the Freq_Start and Freq_Stop
bit works as described above for internal gating.
Regardless of gate width, at least one cycle of the
input will always be measured.
If -Fast_Per is low, then the first stage of resynchronization is skipped, as U506A and U506B
will be set when the Load pulse is terminated
which will cause U508A and U508B to be set. In
this case, the first rising edge of the selected
frequency source will set U509A (the Start) and
the second edge will set U509B (the Stop). This
mode is not used.
EVENT GATING
(Sheet 9 of 16)
There are three modes of generating a gate for
event counting: fixed gates from 1 us to 1 s,
delayed/scanning gates from an external trigger,
81
and external gating. The event gate is open from
the time U506A is set until U506B is set. The orgate, U507C, forms the Event_Gate which
enables the event counters via the multiplexer,
U504.
For internal gates, Int_Gaten is set high and the
gate is controlled by Gate_Ctrl from the 8254
counter/timers on sheet 6 of 16. The counter
timers may provide fixed gates, or gates which
may be delayed or scanned relative to an external
trigger.
For external gates, the Par_Hoff bit is set high,
and the the discriminated output of the EXTernal
input is used to clock U506A and U506B. The
polarity of the external gate is controlled by the
Gate_Ctrl bit.
COUNTING CHANNELS
(Sheet 9 of 16)
There are two gated counting channels capable of
250 MHz operation and a count capacity of 1016.
The gate and count inputs to the counters are
selected by the multiplexer U504. The selected
input clocks a D-type flip-flop. This flip-flop will
count if the selected gate is high. (To count, the Dinput must see the inverted output of the flip-flop.
The XOR gate inverts the input to the D input
when the gate is high.) The counter channel
continues with another ECL flip-flop, conversion to
TTL level, and a 74F74 flip-flop. The output of the
74F74 flip-flop is passed to a 74HC191 4-bit
counter (sheet 6 of 16) and on to the counter
inputs of the central processor.
When counting events, the top counter counts the
Start_Mpx output, the bottom counter counts the
Stop_Mpx output, and both counters are gated by
the Event_Gate. In all other modes of operation,
the top counter counts the 90MHz_C ticks and is
gated by the Time_Gate, and the bottom counter
counts the output of the frequency source
multiplexer, U501, (to count cycles in the
frequency mode) and is gated by the Freq_Gate.
The ECL counters are reset by the "Load" pulse,
and the CMOS counters are reset by the "-Reload"
pulse.
Fast transition time TTL outputs which drive long
lines have 82 Ohm series resistors on their
outputs to improve the pulse shape at the end of
the line. A 4 V step at the source will launch a 2 V
wave. The line, which has a characteristic
impedance of about 100 Ohms, will provide a
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
82
Circuit Description
100% positive reflection at the high impedance
termination (into the TTL or HC device which
receives the signal.) The reflection is then reverse
terminated into the 82 Ohm resistor and the low
impedance output of the sending device. The
result is a logic signal with very little distortion at
the far end of the line.
FAST TIME INTERVAL LOGIC
(Sheet 10 of 16)
To measure a time interval, the 90 MHz clock is
counted for the interval between a start pulse and
a stop pulse. Each tick of the clock represents
11.111 ns of time interval. To attain a resolution of
4 ps, the times from the start pulse and stop pulse
to subsequent edges of clock are measured with 4
ps resolution. The time interval is then (11.111.. ns
x #clocks) + (Time from Start to clock)- (Time from
Stop to clock).
ECL flip-flops have the unfortunate problem that
the propagation delay from clock to output will be
affected if either the reset or data inputs
arechanged simultaneously with the clock. In order
to meet the stringent accuracy and jitter
specifications for the instrument, it is necessary to
use two stage resynchronization.
A rising edge on the ECL bit Start_Mpx sets the
start latch, U604A, asserting "Start". To avoid the
possibility that the start pulse comes just as the
reset to the start latch is released, the start pulse
to the start latch is delayed; the undelayed start
pulse clocks U604B high, synchronously releasing
the reset to the start latch. In this way, the reset to
the start latch always precedes the clock to the
start latch by about 3 ns.
Once the start latch is set, the next rising edge of
the 90 MHz clock will set U605A, and the second
edge of the clock will set U605B. The signal StartCk is on from the start edge until the second edge
of the 90 MHz after the start signal. This 12-23 ns
wide pulse will be integrated to measure the time
by which the start pulse preceded the 90 MHz
clock edge.
The same scheme is used to generate a Stop bit
and Stop-Ck pulse. A Time_Gate is also
generated: this bit is on for the interval between
the start and the stop, resynchronized to the 90
MHz clock. Time_Gate is used to gate the 90 MHz
clock to a counter to measure the number of 90
MHz clock ticks in the time interval.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
The flip-flop, U311B, saves the state of the
synchronized stop bit prior to the last rising edge
of the 90 MHz clock. This will set the bit
"Neg_Time" high when the stop pulse proceeds
the start pulse.
TIME INTERVAL ARMING
(Sheets 9 and 10 of 16)
There are several different ways that the start and
stop circuits may be armed. In each case, the
circuits are armed by removing the reset and by
providing a high ECL level to the D inputs of the
start and stop latches. The level at the D inputs is
always high, except in the ±Time arming mode.
The reset is set whenever the "Load" is asserted
by the processor: the reset may be extended
beyond the end of "Load" in several ways.
For +Time and ±Time arming (internal arming), Int_Arm is set low. This will cause U506A
(Start_En) to be set when the Load line goes low
(at the end of the reload cycle for the previous
measurement) removing the reset from the latch
(U604B) which is holding the start latch (U604A) in
reset. U506B (Stop_En) is also set high when the
load line goes low, and so the line "Start_En"is set.
In the +Time mode, -P_Time is low, and so the
reset to U608B (which holds the stop latch in
reset) will not be removed until the start latch goes
high: in this way the stop latch is armed by the
start pulse. The Stop_Mpx output is delayed by 15
ns of coax cable, to allow time for the stop latch's
reset to be removed. This allows time intervals
from -1ns to +1000 s to be measured.
For ±TIME mode arming, the "Load" pulse is
extended if a start or stop pulse was not
accompanied by a stop or start pulse while the unit
was converting or reloading. In this mode, P/M_Time is low, removing the reset from the
latches U612A&B. The flip-flop U610A is a one bit
counter of start pulses: the U610B is a one bit
counter of stop pulses. The output of the XOR
gates, U611A&C will be high if a start was not
accompanied by a stop. (The output of U611A is
delayed by a few nanoseconds to handle the case
that starts and stops are coincident.) The bit
"Par/Hoff" is used to select the parity of the one-bit
counters which will clock U612A&B to release the
LOAD pulse. If either U612A or B is clocked low,
their wire-or'ed -Q output will set the D input to the
start and stop latches high. Changing the Par/Hoff
bit will allow the compliment period to be
measured. U612A&B are preset by the "Load"
pulse.
Circuit Description
There are three basic modes for external arming:
EXT ±Time, EXT +Time, and EXT +Time with
Stop Holdoff. In addition, each of these modes
may be used with delayed and scanning gates.
The arming criteria which applied in +Time and
±Time also apply in EXTernal arming, except that
the Start_En and Stop_En are not set when the
Load line goes low. If positive logic is selected for
the EXT input, and the EXT +Time with Stop
Holdoff is selected, then the rising edges of the
EXT input will set Start-En, and the falling edge of
the EXT input will set Stop-En. Note that stop
pulses are inhibited until the falling edge of the
EXT input.
If stop holdoff is not selected, then the Par/Hoff
line is low, and the Stop_En flip-flop (U506B) will
be set by U505B when Start_En occurs. In this
case, stop pulses are not held off by the EXTernal
input.
TIME INTEGRATORS
(Sheet 11 of 16)
The time interval resolution of 4 ps is attained by
measuring the duration of the Start_Ck and
Stop_Ck pulses. The descriptions of the two
integrators are identical: circuit references will be
made to the Start_Ck integrator.
The integrating capacitor, C701, integrates a
constant current source for the duration of the
Start_Ck pulse. The change of voltage change on
this capacitor is proportional to the width of the
START_TO_CK pulse.
Before the unit is triggered, U701A, an operational
transconductance amplifier (OTA), precharges the
integrating capacitor to about 7 vdc. When the
Start is asserted, Q702 is turned off, and Q701 is
turned on, turning off the OTA. At the same time,
the constant current source (at the common
emitters of U702A) is switched from N701A to
N701B, to discharge the integrating capacitor at a
constant rate. The discharge is stopped when the
Start_Ck pulse terminates.
The constant current source is maintained by
U703A & B which holds the voltage across R714
constant. The time to voltage gain coefficient is
calibrated by the dc voltage, Start_Gain.
The integrating capacitor's voltage is buffered and
amplified by U703C. The amplified output will
range from +/-3.33 Vdc (with some offset). This
voltage is sampled and held by the analog switch,
U705A, on the polypropylene capacitor, C706. The
83
analog switch is turned on for about 7 us by the
one-shot, U704A. Another analog switch, U705D
is released just before the signal is sampled: this
switch is used to discharge the capacitor of the
previous sampled signal. U703D buffers the
sampled voltage to the ADC converter. The signal
to the A/D converter covers 2/3 of its 4096 bit
range with a Start_Ck range of 11.11 ns, implying
a resolution of 4 ps/bit. To maintain an accuracy
and jitter commensurate with this resolution it is
necessary for the processor to perform some
empirical linearity corrections to the Start_Ck and
the Stop_Ck voltages.
The 7 us strobe to the sample and hold switch,
and the processor interrupt request, Start_Int, is
generated by U704A, a dual one-shot. The one
shot is triggered by the Start pulse, which is
converted to TTL levels by U707A.
ANALOG TO DIGITAL CONVERTER
(Sheet 12 of 16)
U805 is a 12 bit A/D converter. Each conversion
takes about 100 us. Referenced to the buffer
amplifier's output (U810A), the A/D has a full scale
range of +/-5 V. A conversion is initiated when the
processor writes to the A/D converter. Before
starting a conversion, the processor selects the
source with the 1 of 8 analog multiplexer, U803.
Three latched bits, Adc_Mpx, select the source.
The ADC's voltage reference is 5.00 vdc from
U906, which serves as a voltage reference for the
entire unit. The A/D converter can digitize the
Start_Ck or Stop_Ck voltages, the front panel
threshold pot positions, a selected rear panel
DVM inputs or autolevel circuit voltages.
The isolated BNC's on the rear panel are buffered
by the differential amplifiers, U801C & D. The
output of one of these amplifiers is selected by the
analog multiplexers U802A & B. The selected
signal is buffered by U801B, which also amplifies
the signal by about 10 if the switch U802D is
closed. The analog switch, U802C, samples the
amplified output onto C805. The processor closes
the S/H switch for about 20 us prior to conversion.
Calibration bytes for offset and gain correction for
both channels are stored in ROM and RAM.
AUTOLEVEL CIRCUITS
(Sheet 12 of 16)
There are two autolevel circuits which output a
voltage between the peak and minimum levels
seen at the A and B inputs. The circuit references
will be given for the A input.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
84
Circuit Description
The peak input level is detected by Q801, and
held on C832. The minimum input level is detected
by Q802 and held by C831. Q801 and Q802 are
biased by the 10 MOhm resistors R834 and R831
respectively. The detected voltages are averaged
and filtered by R832, R833 and C833 and buffered
by the FET input op amp U809A.
DIGITAL TO ANALOG CONVERTER
(Sheet 12 of 16)
A 12 bit D/A converter, U806, is used to provide
analog voltages to the system. The D/A converter
is referenced to the 5.00 vdc reference from U906.
The current output is converted to a voltage by the
op amp U807B. The voltage is amplified and offset
by U807C to cover the range of +/-5.12 vdc. The
D/A output is used to refresh several S/H
amplifiers to set input threshold, conversion gain,
and control the rear panel chart recorder outputs.
The D/A output is multiplexed to the S/H amps by
the 1:8 analog multiplexer, U808 which is
controlled by four latched processor bits Dac_Mpx
and Dac_Inh. The outputs from the analog
multiplexer are passed through 10 KOhm resistors
to reduce switching noise.
UNREGULATED POWER SUPPLIES
(Sheet 13 of 16)
CAUTION: Unregulated voltages are present
on the PCB whenever the instrument is
attached to an ac power source--whether or
not the front panel power switch is "on". The
front panel "power" switch is used to enable
most of the voltage regulators in the unit. This
approach is used to provide power to the
timebase oscillator even when the instrument
is not in use.
A power entry module, with RF line filter, is used
to configure the unit for 100,120,220 or 240 Vac.
The line filter reduces noise from the instrument,
and reduces the unit's susceptibility to line voltage
noise. A 130 Vac Metal Oxide Varistor (MOV)
stunts the line voltage to reduce spikes and to
protect the unit from 220 vac when configured for
110 vac.
Full wave bridge rectifiers are used to provide
unregulated dc at +/- 7V, +/- 9V, +/- 20V and at 4V. A Schottky diode bridge is used for the high
current +/- 7V supplies in order to reduce rectifier
losses.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
The comparator, U901B, provides a squarewave
to synchronize the scope display refresh to the line
frequency.
POWER SUPPLY REGULATORS
(Sheet 14 of 16)
The voltage regulators provide outputs at +15, +5,
-2.0, -5.2, and -15 Vdc from the UNREGULATED
power. The high current regulators (+5, -5.2 and -2
V) are designed to operate with a very low dropout voltage. All of the regulated outputs are current
limited for short circuit protection.
All three high current regulators are essentially the
same: circuit references in the following
description refer to the +5.0 Vdc supply.
The main pass transistor is Q901: the base of this
transistor is controlled so that the emitter will
provide a low impedance source of 5 Vdc. The
current gain of Q901 remains large until the
collector-emitter voltage drops to about 0.4 vdc,
hence the low drop-out voltage for the regulator.
The base of Q901 is driven by the emitter of Q902,
which is driven by the output of the op amp,
U902A. By comparing the output of the regulator
to the +5.00 vdc reference, the op amp maintains
the regulator's output at 5.00 vdc. The current
output from the regulator is measured by R901, a
0.1 Ohm resistor. If the current exceeds about 2.7
Amps, then the comparator, U901A, turns on,
pulling the reference input below ground, thereby
turning off the regulator's output.
U909 and U910 are regulators for +/-15 vdc. If the
power switch, SW901, is opened, then the output
of these regulators drops to about 1.25 volts,
turning off the instrument. The unregulated power
is not turned off so that the regulators U907 and
U908 can provide +/-15 vdc to the timebase.
Two status bits are also generated: Drop_Out tells
the processor that the +5.0 VDC supply has
dropped below 4.6 vdc, and Reset is asserted if
the +5 vdc supply is below 4.4 vdc, or has been
below 4.4 Vdc in the previous 1 second.
The 24 Vdc brushless fan speed is controlled by
the temperature in the box: the warmer the box,
the faster the fan turns. When cool, the 6 mA
drawn by R908 through R907, a 50 Ohm 40° C
transition thermistor, is not sufficient to turn on
Q907. As the box warms above 40°C, R907
becomes a high resistance, and some portion of
the full 6 mA can be drawn from the base of Q907,
which turns on Q908. This proportional
Circuit Description
85
temperature control can provide 0 to 26 Vdc to the
fan.
FRONT PANEL DISPLAY PCB
(Sheet 16 of 16)
Thermal control of the fan speed has several
advantages, including, quieter operation, longer
fan life, faster warm-up, and lower overall
temperature coefficients for the instrument.
The front panel display PCB holds 16 seven
segment displays (U1-16), 75 LED lamps, and 32
conductive rubber keys. All of the driver circuits
are located on the main PCB (sheet 4 of 16).
POWER SUPPLY BYPASS
(Sheet 15 of 16)
The PCB is a double sided, gold plated, glassepoxy board. The gold plating is required for long
term reliability of the rubber keypad.
The 60 bypass capacitors for the +5, -5.2, -2, and
+/-15 Vdc power supplies are shown on this page.
These capacitors are distributed around the PCB:
they bypass portions of the power plane to the
ground plane (inside PCB layers).
Unused portions of IC's are also shown on this
page.
All of the LED's are refreshed for 2 ms with a 1:8
duty cycle. One of the strobe lines, Stb0 to Stb7, is
held high to refresh a pair of seven segment
displays and a column of 10 LED lamps. The
particular segments and lamps in the strobe
column are turned on by grounding the cathode of
the LEDs through a current limiting resistor on the
main PCB. During the refresh time for a particular
strobe column, the state of the four keyboard
switches in the column by be read by the
processor. The pn diodes in the strobe lines
prevent simultaneous key closures in different
columns from affecting the display refresh.
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
86
Circuit Description
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
Parts List
87
SR620 Parts List
Front Panel Parts List
REF.
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
D8
D9
D 10
D 11
D 12
D 13
D 14
D 15
D 16
D 17
D 18
D 19
D 20
D 21
D 22
D 23
D 24
D 25
D 26
D 27
D 28
D 29
D 30
D 31
D 33
D 34
D 35
D 36
D 37
D 38
D 39
D 40
D 41
D 42
D 43
D 44
D 45
D 46
SRS PART
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3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00004-301
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00004-301
3-00012-306
3-00884-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
VALUE
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
1N4148
RED
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
1N4148
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
1N4148
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
1N4148
GREEN
RED
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
DESCRIPTION
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
Diode
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
Diode
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
Diode
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
Diode
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
88
Parts List
REF.
D 47
D 48
D 50
D 51
D 52
D 53
D 54
D 55
D 58
D 59
D 60
D 61
D 62
D 63
D 64
D 65
D 66
D 67
D 68
D 69
D 70
D 71
D 72
D 73
D 74
D 75
D 76
D 77
D 78
D 79
D 80
D 81
D 83
D 84
D 86
D 87
D 88
D 89
J 261
J 401
J 402
J 403
P1
P2
P3
PC1
SW901
SW902
U1
U2
U3
SRS PART
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00004-301
3-00012-306
3-00884-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00004-301
3-00884-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00004-301
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00004-301
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
3-00012-306
1-00073-120
1-00073-120
1-00073-120
1-00073-120
4-00445-447
4-00445-447
4-00445-447
7-00155-701
2-00023-218
0-00443-000
3-00288-340
3-00288-340
3-00288-340
VALUE
GREEN
GREEN
1N4148
GREEN
RED
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
1N4148
RED
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
1N4148
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
1N4148
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
GREEN
INSL
INSL
INSL
INSL
SR620-48
SR620-48
SR620-48
SR620-19
DPDT
SWITCH
HDSP-H101
HDSP-H101
HDSP-H101
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
DESCRIPTION
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
Diode
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
Diode
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
Diode
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
Diode
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
LED, Rectangular
Connector, BNC
Connector, BNC
Connector, BNC
Connector, BNC
Pot, Single Control
Pot, Single Control
Pot, Single Control
Printed Circuit Board
Switch, Panel Mount, Power, Rocker
Hardware, Misc.
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Parts List
REF.
U4
U5
U6
U7
U8
U9
U 10
U 11
U 12
U 13
U 14
U 15
U 16
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
SRS PART
3-00288-340
3-00288-340
3-00288-340
3-00288-340
3-00288-340
3-00288-340
3-00288-340
3-00288-340
3-00288-340
3-00288-340
3-00288-340
3-00288-340
3-00288-340
0-00051-056
0-00112-053
0-00132-053
0-00153-057
0-00172-027
0-00183-043
0-00209-021
0-00237-016
0-00267-052
0-00268-052
0-00269-052
0-00270-052
0-00407-032
1-00052-171
1-00088-130
6-00213-630
7-00156-740
7-00161-720
7-00166-720
VALUE
HDSP-H101
HDSP-H101
HDSP-H101
HDSP-H101
HDSP-H101
HDSP-H101
HDSP-H101
HDSP-H101
HDSP-H101
HDSP-H101
HDSP-H101
HDSP-H101
HDSP-H101
RG174
1-3/4"#24R
6-1/2" #24
GROMMET2
#4X1/4PPA
#10 SHOULDER
4-40X3/8PP
F1404
6-1/2" #22 RED
6-1/2" #22 BL
7.75" WHITE
7-3/4" #22 BLUE
SOLDR SLV RG174
40 COND
40 PIN DI
2-HOLE
SR620-28
SR620-34
SR620-36
89
DESCRIPTION
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Cable, Coax & Misc.
Wire #24 UL1007 Strip 1/4x1/4 Tin
Wire #24 UL1007 Strip 1/4x1/4 Tin
Grommet
Screw, Sheet Metal
Washer, nylon
Screw, Panhead Phillips
Power Button
Wire #22 UL1007
Wire #22 UL1007
Wire #22 UL1007
Wire #22 UL1007
Termination
Cable Assembly, Ribbon
Connector, Male
Ferrite Beads
Keypad, Conductive Rubber
Fabricated Part
Fabricated Part
Main Board Parts List
REF.
BT101
C1
C 1A
C2
C 2A
C3
C 3A
C4
C 4A
C 101
C 102
C 103
C 104
C 105
C 106
SRS PART
6-00001-612
5-00023-529
5-00272-532
5-00023-529
5-00328-529
5-00002-501
5-00272-532
5-00002-501
5-00023-529
5-00008-501
5-00008-501
5-00008-501
5-00008-501
5-00052-512
5-00021-501
VALUE
BR-2/3A 2PIN PC
.1U
39P
.1U
3.3P
100P
39P
100P
.1U
22P
22P
22P
22P
.01U
82P
DESCRIPTION
Battery
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10% NPO
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10% NPO
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Cap, Stacked Metal Film 50V 5% -40/+85c
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
90
Parts List
REF.
C 107
C 115
C 116
C 117
C 118
C 119
C 120
C 121
C 122
C 123
C 202
C 210
C 211
C 212
C 213
C 222
C 223
C 224
C 225
C 226
C 250
C 251
C 252
C 301
C 302
C 303
C 304
C 305
C 306
C 311
C 312
C 313
C 314
C 323
C 323A
C 324
C 325
C 326
C 327
C 328
C 330
C 331
C 332
C 333
C 334
C 401
C 402
C 403
C 404
C 405
C 406
SRS PART
5-00021-501
5-00012-501
5-00012-501
5-00012-501
5-00012-501
5-00049-566
5-00012-501
5-00012-501
5-00127-524
5-00127-524
5-00127-524
5-00002-501
5-00002-501
5-00002-501
5-00127-524
5-00182-532
5-00023-529
5-00127-524
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00011-501
5-00011-501
5-00023-529
5-00127-524
5-00127-524
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00132-501
5-00023-529
5-00004-501
5-00004-501
5-00127-524
5-00127-524
5-00002-501
5-00148-545
5-00132-501
5-00002-501
5-00004-501
5-00023-529
5-00003-501
5-00017-501
5-00002-501
5-00002-501
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00104-530
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00002-501
5-00062-513
VALUE
82P
330P
330P
330P
330P
.001U
330P
330P
2.2U
2.2U
2.2U
100P
100P
100P
2.2U
68P
.1U
2.2U
.1U
.1U
27P
27P
.1U
2.2U
2.2U
.1U
.1U
56P
.1U
12P
12P
2.2U
2.2U
100P
1000P
56P
100P
12P
.1U
10P
47P
100P
100P
.1U
.1U
.1U
3.5-20P
.1U
.1U
100P
.0022U
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
DESCRIPTION
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Cap, Polyester Film 50V 5% -40/+85c Rad
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Tantalum, 50V, 20%, Rad
Capacitor, Tantalum, 50V, 20%, Rad
Capacitor, Tantalum, 50V, 20%, Rad
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Tantalum, 50V, 20%, Rad
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10% NPO
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Capacitor, Tantalum, 50V, 20%, Rad
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Capacitor, Tantalum, 50V, 20%, Rad
Capacitor, Tantalum, 50V, 20%, Rad
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Tantalum, 50V, 20%, Rad
Capacitor, Tantalum, 50V, 20%, Rad
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Monolythic Ceramic, COG, 1%
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Capacitor, Variable, Misc.
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Mylar/Poly, 50V, 5%, Rad
Parts List
REF.
C 407
C 408
C 409
C 410
C 411
C 412
C 413
C 414
C 415
C 416
C 421
C 422
C 423
C 424
C 425
C 426
C 427
C 428
C 429
C 430
C 431
C 432
C 433
C 434
C 435
C 436
C 442
C 446
C 447
C 448
C 449
C 450
C 451
C 452
C 453
C 454
C 455
C 456
C 461
C 495
C 496
C 497
C 498
C 499
C 500
C 600
C 701
C 702
C 703
C 704
C 705
SRS PART
5-00049-566
5-00011-501
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00141-503
5-00009-501
5-00009-501
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00104-530
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00002-501
5-00062-513
5-00049-566
5-00011-501
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00141-503
5-00009-501
5-00009-501
5-00023-529
5-00104-530
5-00062-513
5-00049-566
5-00003-501
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00141-503
5-00092-523
5-00092-523
5-00092-523
5-00002-501
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00008-501
5-00159-501
5-00134-529
5-00023-529
5-00002-501
5-00023-529
5-00049-566
VALUE
.001U
27P
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.22U
24P
24P
.1U
.1U
3.5-20P
.1U
.1U
100P
.0022U
.001U
27P
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.22U
24P
24P
.1U
3.5-20P
.0022U
.001U
10P
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.22U
1P
1P
1P
100P
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
22P
6.8P
100P
.1U
100P
.1U
.001U
91
DESCRIPTION
Cap, Polyester Film 50V 5% -40/+85c Rad
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Capacitor, Variable, Misc.
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Mylar/Poly, 50V, 5%, Rad
Cap, Polyester Film 50V 5% -40/+85c Rad
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Capacitor, Variable, Misc.
Capacitor, Mylar/Poly, 50V, 5%, Rad
Cap, Polyester Film 50V 5% -40/+85c Rad
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Capacitor, Silver Mica, Miniature
Capacitor, Silver Mica, Miniature
Capacitor, Silver Mica, Miniature
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Polyester Film 50V 5% -40/+85c Rad
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
92
Parts List
REF.
C 706
C 711
C 712
C 713
C 714
C 715
C 716
C 801
C 802
C 803
C 804
C 805
C 806
C 807
C 811
C 812
C 813
C 814
C 815
C 816
C 817
C 818
C 819
C 821
C 822
C 823
C 824
C 825
C 826
C 827
C 828
C 829
C 830
C 831
C 832
C 833
C 834
C 835
C 836
C 901
C 902
C 903
C 904
C 905
C 906
C 907
C 908
C 909
C 910
C 911
C 912
SRS PART
5-00136-519
5-00134-529
5-00023-529
5-00002-501
5-00023-529
5-00049-566
5-00136-519
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00136-519
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00008-501
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00002-501
5-00023-529
5-00002-501
5-00023-529
5-00127-524
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00127-524
5-00023-529
5-00127-524
5-00162-519
5-00163-566
5-00131-501
5-00127-524
5-00054-512
5-00054-512
5-00008-501
5-00054-512
5-00054-512
5-00008-501
5-00098-517
5-00098-517
5-00098-517
5-00002-501
5-00002-501
5-00002-501
5-00102-517
5-00023-529
5-00098-517
5-00192-542
5-00192-542
5-00127-524
VALUE
.01U
100P
.1U
100P
.1U
.001U
.01U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.01U
.1U
.1U
.1U
22P
.1U
.1U
.1U
100P
.1U
100P
.1U
2.2U
.1U
.1U
2.2U
.1U
2.2U
2200P
3900P
560P
2.2U
.047U
.047U
22P
.047U
.047U
22P
10U
10U
10U
100P
100P
100P
4.7U
.1U
10U
22U MIN
22U MIN
2.2U
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
DESCRIPTION
Capacitor, Polystyrene, 50V, 5%, Rad
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Polyester Film 50V 5% -40/+85c Rad
Capacitor, Polystyrene, 50V, 5%, Rad
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Capacitor, Polystyrene, 50V, 5%, Rad
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Capacitor, Tantalum, 50V, 20%, Rad
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Capacitor, Tantalum, 50V, 20%, Rad
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Capacitor, Tantalum, 50V, 20%, Rad
Capacitor, Polystyrene, 50V, 5%, Rad
Cap, Polyester Film 50V 5% -40/+85c Rad
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Tantalum, 50V, 20%, Rad
Cap, Stacked Metal Film 50V 5% -40/+85c
Cap, Stacked Metal Film 50V 5% -40/+85c
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Cap, Stacked Metal Film 50V 5% -40/+85c
Cap, Stacked Metal Film 50V 5% -40/+85c
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Tantalum, 35V, 20%, Rad
Capacitor, Tantalum, 35V, 20%, Rad
Capacitor, Tantalum, 35V, 20%, Rad
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Tantalum, 35V, 20%, Rad
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Capacitor, Tantalum, 35V, 20%, Rad
Cap, Mini Electrolytic, 50V, 20% Radial
Cap, Mini Electrolytic, 50V, 20% Radial
Capacitor, Tantalum, 50V, 20%, Rad
Parts List
REF.
C 914
C 915
C 916
C 917
C 918
C 920
C 950
C 951
C 952
C 953
C 954
C 955
C 956
C 957
C 958
C 959
C 960
C 961
C 962
C 963
C 964
C 965
C 966
C 967
C 968
C 969
C 970
C 971
C 972
C 973
C 974
C 975
C 976
C 977
C 980
C 981
C 982
C 983
C 984
C 985
C 986
C 987
C 988
C 990
C 991
C 992
C 993
C 994
C 995
C 996
C 997
SRS PART
5-00098-517
5-00098-517
5-00098-517
5-00098-517
5-00023-529
5-00100-517
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
VALUE
10U
10U
10U
10U
.1U
2.2U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
93
DESCRIPTION
Capacitor, Tantalum, 35V, 20%, Rad
Capacitor, Tantalum, 35V, 20%, Rad
Capacitor, Tantalum, 35V, 20%, Rad
Capacitor, Tantalum, 35V, 20%, Rad
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Capacitor, Tantalum, 35V, 20%, Rad
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
94
Parts List
REF.
C 998
C 999
C 1001
C 1002
C 1003
C 1004
C 1005
C 1006
C 1007
C 1008
C 1010
C 1011
C 1012
C 1013
C 1014
C 1015
C 1016
C 1017
C 1018
C 1019
C 1020
C 1021
C 1022
C 1023
C 1024
C 1025
C 1026
C 1027
C 1028
CU130
D 101
D 102
D 103
D 121
D 122
D 123
D 124
D 125
D 126
D 127
D 201
D 251
D 252
D 302
D 303
D 402
D 403
D 404
D 405
D 422
D 423
SRS PART
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00125-520
5-00125-520
5-00169-520
5-00201-526
5-00201-526
5-00201-526
5-00201-526
5-00002-501
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00023-529
5-00197-501
5-00197-501
5-00197-501
5-00022-501
3-00004-301
3-00004-301
3-00004-301
3-00198-301
3-00198-301
3-00004-301
3-00004-301
3-00004-301
3-00004-301
3-00004-301
3-00226-301
3-00198-301
3-00203-301
3-00004-301
3-00004-301
3-00203-301
3-00203-301
3-00403-301
3-00403-301
3-00203-301
3-00203-301
VALUE
.1U
.1U
12000U
12000U
4700U
2200U
2200U
2200U
2200U
100P
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
.1U
18P
18P
18P
.001U
1N4148
1N4148
1N4148
1N5231B
1N5231B
1N4148
1N4148
1N4148
1N4148
1N4148
1N5822
1N5231B
1N5711
1N4148
1N4148
1N5711
1N5711
1N459A
1N459A
1N5711
1N5711
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
DESCRIPTION
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Capacitor, Electrolytic, 16V, 20%, Rad
Capacitor, Electrolytic, 16V, 20%, Rad
Capacitor, Electrolytic, 16V, 20%, Rad
Capacitor, Electrolytic, 35V, 20%, Rad
Capacitor, Electrolytic, 35V, 20%, Rad
Capacitor, Electrolytic, 35V, 20%, Rad
Capacitor, Electrolytic, 35V, 20%, Rad
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Cap, Monolythic Ceramic, 50V, 20%, Z5U
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Capacitor, Ceramic Disc, 50V, 10%, SL
Diode
Diode
Diode
Diode
Diode
Diode
Diode
Diode
Diode
Diode
Diode
Diode
Diode
Diode
Diode
Diode
Diode
Diode
Diode
Diode
Diode
Parts List
REF.
D 424
D 425
D 444
D 445
D 461
D 801
D 802
D 902
D 1001
D 1002
D 1003
D 1004
D 1005
D 1006
D 1007
D 1020
DL301
DL501
DL601
DL602
J 111
J 112
J 121
J 122
J 123
J 201
J 301
J 303
J 806
J 807
J 808
J 809
L 1A
L 221
L 303
L 304
L 305
L 306
L 307
L 308
L 901
N 101
N 121
N 201
N 202
N 203
N 204
N 205
N 206
N 213
N 214
SRS PART
3-00403-301
3-00403-301
3-00403-301
3-00403-301
3-00203-301
3-00004-301
3-00004-301
3-00004-301
3-00226-301
3-00226-301
3-00226-301
3-00226-301
3-00062-340
3-00062-340
3-00062-340
4-00541-435
0-00051-056
0-00051-056
0-00051-056
0-00051-056
1-00003-120
1-00003-120
1-00238-161
1-00016-160
1-00016-160
1-00038-130
1-00003-120
1-00003-120
1-00073-120
1-00073-120
1-00003-120
1-00003-120
6-00192-603
6-00030-602
6-00049-601
6-00049-601
6-00048-603
6-00049-601
6-00049-601
6-00048-603
6-00028-604
4-00334-425
4-00284-421
4-00334-425
4-00419-420
4-00468-420
4-00468-420
4-00468-420
4-00551-420
4-00266-421
4-00291-421
VALUE
1N459A
1N459A
1N459A
1N459A
1N5711
1N4148
1N4148
1N4148
1N5822
1N5822
1N5822
1N5822
KBP201G/BR-81D
KBP201G/BR-81D
KBP201G/BR-81D
130V/1200A
RG174
RG174
RG174
RG174
BNC
BNC
GPIB SHIELDED
RS232 25 PIN D
RS232 25 PIN D
40 PIN DIL
BNC
BNC
INSL
INSL
BNC
BNC
8.2UH
470UH
.16UH
.16UH
4.7UH
.16UH
.16UH
4.7UH
10UH
10KX5
1.0KX4
10KX5
150X8
300X8
300X8
300X8
12X8
4.7KX3
10KX3
95
DESCRIPTION
Diode
Diode
Diode
Diode
Diode
Diode
Diode
Diode
Diode
Diode
Diode
Diode
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Varistor, Zinc Oxide Nonlinear Resistor
Cable, Coax & Misc.
Cable, Coax & Misc.
Cable, Coax & Misc.
Cable, Coax & Misc.
Connector, BNC
Connector, BNC
Connector, IEEE488, Reverse, R/A, Female
Connector, D-Sub, Right Angle PC, Female
Connector, D-Sub, Right Angle PC, Female
Connector, Male
Connector, BNC
Connector, BNC
Connector, BNC
Connector, BNC
Connector, BNC
Connector, BNC
Inductor, Axial
Inductor, Radial
Inductor
Inductor
Inductor, Axial
Inductor
Inductor
Inductor, Axial
Inductor, Vertical Mount
Resistor Network SIP 1/4W 2% (Common)
Res. Network, SIP, 1/4W,2% (Isolated)
Resistor Network SIP 1/4W 2% (Common)
Resistor Network, DIP, 1/4W,2%,8 Ind
Resistor Network, DIP, 1/4W,2%,8 Ind
Resistor Network, DIP, 1/4W,2%,8 Ind
Resistor Network, DIP, 1/4W,2%,8 Ind
Resistor Network, DIP, 1/4W,2%,8 Ind
Res. Network, SIP, 1/4W,2% (Isolated)
Res. Network, SIP, 1/4W,2% (Isolated)
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
96
Parts List
REF.
N 250
N 251
N 252
N 303
N 308
N 309
N 310
N 311
N 311A
N 340
N 401
N 402
N 403
N 404
N 405
N 406
N 407
N 408
N 409
N 451
N 452
N 453
N 501
N 502
N 503
N 504
N 505
N 506
N 507
N 509
N 551
N 650
N 651
N 652
N 653
N 654
N 655
N 666
N 667
N 701
N 702
N 711
N 712
N 771
N 801
N 802
N 803
N 804
PC1
PC101
Q 101
SRS PART
4-00460-421
4-00248-421
4-00248-421
4-00262-425
4-00247-425
4-00262-425
4-00293-421
4-00245-421
4-00265-421
4-00463-421
4-00564-421
4-00564-421
4-00564-421
4-00423-421
4-00423-421
4-00423-421
4-00573-425
4-00262-425
4-00284-421
4-00254-421
4-00491-421
4-00334-425
4-00262-425
4-00262-425
4-00262-425
4-00262-425
4-00247-425
4-00262-425
4-00262-425
4-00463-421
4-00463-421
4-00262-425
4-00298-425
4-00262-425
4-00298-425
4-00262-425
4-00262-425
4-00262-425
4-00262-425
4-00337-421
4-00297-421
4-00337-421
4-00297-421
4-00463-421
4-00438-421
4-00258-421
4-00284-421
4-00220-420
7-00700-701
7-00173-701
3-00140-325
VALUE
33X4
150X4
150X4
100X7
100X9
100X7
470X4
4.7KX4
100X4
82X4
3.3KX3
3.3KX3
3.3KX3
150X3
150X3
150X3
47X7
100X7
1.0KX4
1.0KX3
27KX3
10KX5
100X7
100X7
100X7
100X7
100X9
100X7
100X7
82X4
82X4
100X7
470X5
100X7
470X5
100X7
100X7
100X7
100X7
47X5
100KX5
47X5
100KX5
82X4
22KX4
100KX4
1.0KX4
10KX8
TCXO BOARD
SR620
2N2369A
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
DESCRIPTION
Res. Network, SIP, 1/4W,2% (Isolated)
Res. Network, SIP, 1/4W,2% (Isolated)
Res. Network, SIP, 1/4W,2% (Isolated)
Resistor Network SIP 1/4W 2% (Common)
Resistor Network SIP 1/4W 2% (Common)
Resistor Network SIP 1/4W 2% (Common)
Res. Network, SIP, 1/4W,2% (Isolated)
Res. Network, SIP, 1/4W,2% (Isolated)
Res. Network, SIP, 1/4W,2% (Isolated)
Res. Network, SIP, 1/4W,2% (Isolated)
Res. Network, SIP, 1/4W,2% (Isolated)
Res. Network, SIP, 1/4W,2% (Isolated)
Res. Network, SIP, 1/4W,2% (Isolated)
Res. Network, SIP, 1/4W,2% (Isolated)
Res. Network, SIP, 1/4W,2% (Isolated)
Res. Network, SIP, 1/4W,2% (Isolated)
Resistor Network SIP 1/4W 2% (Common)
Resistor Network SIP 1/4W 2% (Common)
Res. Network, SIP, 1/4W,2% (Isolated)
Res. Network, SIP, 1/4W,2% (Isolated)
Res. Network, SIP, 1/4W,2% (Isolated)
Resistor Network SIP 1/4W 2% (Common)
Resistor Network SIP 1/4W 2% (Common)
Resistor Network SIP 1/4W 2% (Common)
Resistor Network SIP 1/4W 2% (Common)
Resistor Network SIP 1/4W 2% (Common)
Resistor Network SIP 1/4W 2% (Common)
Resistor Network SIP 1/4W 2% (Common)
Resistor Network SIP 1/4W 2% (Common)
Res. Network, SIP, 1/4W,2% (Isolated)
Res. Network, SIP, 1/4W,2% (Isolated)
Resistor Network SIP 1/4W 2% (Common)
Resistor Network SIP 1/4W 2% (Common)
Resistor Network SIP 1/4W 2% (Common)
Resistor Network SIP 1/4W 2% (Common)
Resistor Network SIP 1/4W 2% (Common)
Resistor Network SIP 1/4W 2% (Common)
Resistor Network SIP 1/4W 2% (Common)
Resistor Network SIP 1/4W 2% (Common)
Res. Network, SIP, 1/4W,2% (Isolated)
Res. Network, SIP, 1/4W,2% (Isolated)
Res. Network, SIP, 1/4W,2% (Isolated)
Res. Network, SIP, 1/4W,2% (Isolated)
Res. Network, SIP, 1/4W,2% (Isolated)
Res. Network, SIP, 1/4W,2% (Isolated)
Res. Network, SIP, 1/4W,2% (Isolated)
Res. Network, SIP, 1/4W,2% (Isolated)
Resistor Network, DIP, 1/4W,2%,8 Ind
Printed Circuit Board
Printed Circuit Board
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Parts List
REF.
Q 201
Q 202
Q 203
Q 210
Q 211
Q 212
Q 220
Q 221
Q 222
Q 223
Q 224
Q 225
Q 226
Q 227
Q 228
Q 229
Q 306
Q 307
Q 308
Q 309
Q 401
Q 402
Q 403
Q 404
Q 405
Q 406
Q 411
Q 412
Q 413
Q 421
Q 422
Q 423
Q 424
Q 425
Q 426
Q 701
Q 702
Q 711
Q 712
Q 801
Q 802
Q 803
Q 804
Q 901
Q 902
Q 903
Q 904
Q 905
Q 906
Q 907
Q 908
SRS PART
3-00021-325
3-00021-325
3-00021-325
3-00022-325
3-00022-325
3-00022-325
3-00021-325
3-00899-327
3-00899-327
3-00027-325
3-00027-325
3-00022-325
3-00021-325
3-00021-325
3-00030-325
3-00029-325
3-00021-325
3-00021-325
3-00021-325
3-00027-325
3-00030-325
3-00021-325
3-00018-324
3-00018-324
3-00022-325
3-00021-325
3-00030-325
3-00021-325
3-00018-324
3-00030-325
3-00021-325
3-00018-324
3-00018-324
3-00022-325
3-00021-325
3-00022-325
3-00022-325
3-00022-325
3-00022-325
3-00027-325
3-00028-325
3-00027-325
3-00028-325
3-00257-329
3-00177-321
3-00258-329
3-00022-325
3-00258-329
3-00022-325
3-00022-325
3-00257-329
VALUE
2N3904
2N3904
2N3904
2N3906
2N3906
2N3906
2N3904
NE85632
NE85632
2N5770
2N5770
2N3906
2N3904
2N3904
J310
2N5951
2N3904
2N3904
2N3904
2N5770
J310
2N3904
MRF904
MRF904
2N3906
2N3904
J310
2N3904
MRF904
J310
2N3904
MRF904
MRF904
2N3906
2N3904
2N3906
2N3906
2N3906
2N3906
2N5770
2N5771
2N5770
2N5771
TIP41B
2N2222
TIP42
2N3906
TIP42
2N3906
2N3906
TIP41B
97
DESCRIPTION
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-46 Package
Transistor, TO-46 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-72 Package
Transistor, TO-72 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-72 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-72 Package
Transistor, TO-72 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Voltage Reg., TO-220 (TAB) Package
Transistor, TO-18 Package
Voltage Reg., TO-220 (TAB) Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Voltage Reg., TO-220 (TAB) Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Voltage Reg., TO-220 (TAB) Package
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
98
Parts List
REF.
R 1A
R 101
R 102
R 103
R 104
R 111
R 112
R 113
R 114
R 115
R 116
R 123
R 124
R 125
R 126
R 127
R 128
R 129
R 130
R 131
R 132
R 133
R 134
R 201
R 202
R 203
R 204
R 205
R 225
R 226
R 229
R 230
R 231
R 232
R 233
R 234
R 235
R 236
R 237
R 238
R 239
R 240
R 241
R 305
R 317
R 318
R 325
R 325A
R 326
R 327
R 328
SRS PART
4-00555-407
4-00079-401
4-00021-401
4-00034-401
4-00034-401
4-00021-401
4-00021-401
4-00057-401
4-00057-401
4-00140-407
4-00188-407
4-00021-401
4-00021-401
4-00080-401
4-00080-401
4-00079-401
4-00048-401
4-00138-407
4-00493-407
4-00051-401
4-00032-401
4-00022-401
4-00062-401
4-00471-401
4-00314-401
4-00081-401
4-00081-401
4-00314-401
4-00130-407
4-00061-401
4-00191-407
4-00191-407
4-00191-407
4-00490-407
4-00462-407
4-00048-401
4-00021-401
4-00057-401
4-00272-407
4-00032-401
4-00073-401
4-00031-401
4-00031-401
4-00048-401
4-00030-401
4-00030-401
4-00021-401
4-00086-401
4-00062-401
4-00031-401
4-00048-401
VALUE
590
4.7K
1.0K
10K
10K
1.0K
1.0K
220
220
10.2K
4.99K
1.0K
1.0K
47
47
4.7K
2.2K
10.0K
12.4K
2.7K
100K
1.0M
270
82
12
470
470
12
1.00K
240K
49.9
49.9
49.9
27.4
39.2
2.2K
1.0K
220
221
100K
330K
100
100
2.2K
10
10
1.0K
51
270
100
2.2K
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
DESCRIPTION
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Parts List
REF.
R 330
R 331
R 332
R 333
R 334
R 335
R 336
R 337
R 338
R 339
R 340
R 341
R 342
R 343
R 345
R 346
R 347
R 348
R 349
R 350
R 351
R 360
R 361
R 362
R 363
R 401
R 402
R 403
R 404
R 405
R 406
R 407
R 408
R 409
R 410
R 411
R 413
R 414
R 415
R 416
R 417
R 418
R 419
R 421
R 422
R 423
R 424
R 425
R 426
R 427
R 428
SRS PART
4-00021-401
4-00081-401
4-00031-401
4-00048-401
4-00057-401
4-00031-401
4-00021-401
4-00031-401
4-00031-401
4-00083-401
4-00083-401
4-00034-401
4-00034-401
4-00034-401
4-00176-407
4-00130-407
4-00188-407
4-00464-407
4-00032-401
4-00080-401
4-00086-401
4-00031-401
4-00031-401
4-00027-401
4-00027-401
4-00427-449
4-00086-401
4-00398-407
4-00398-407
4-00065-401
4-00034-401
4-00021-401
4-00027-401
4-00465-405
4-00030-401
4-00021-401
4-00056-401
4-00428-407
4-00429-407
4-00021-401
4-00080-401
4-00030-401
4-00030-401
4-00427-449
4-00086-401
4-00398-407
4-00398-407
4-00065-401
4-00034-401
4-00021-401
4-00081-401
VALUE
1.0K
470
100
2.2K
220
100
1.0K
100
100
47K
47K
10K
10K
10K
3.01K
1.00K
4.99K
6.98K
100K
47
51
100
100
1.5K
1.5K
49.9
51
499K
499K
3.3K
10K
1.0K
1.5K
330
10
1.0K
22
562
511
1.0K
47
10
10
49.9
51
499K
499K
3.3K
10K
1.0K
470
99
DESCRIPTION
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Metal Film 1/2W, 1%, 50ppm
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/8W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Metal Film 1/2W, 1%, 50ppm
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
100
REF.
R 429
R 430
R 431
R 433
R 441
R 443
R 444
R 445
R 446
R 447
R 448
R 449
R 458
R 461
R 462
R 463
R 464
R 471
R 473
R 474
R 475
R 476
R 477
R 478
R 479
R 480
R 481
R 482
R 483
R 484
R 485
R 486
R 490
R 491
R 492
R 493
R 496
R 497
R 498
R 499
R 501
R 502
R 503
R 504
R 505
R 550
R 600
R 701
R 702
R 703
R 704
Parts List
SRS PART
4-00465-405
4-00030-401
4-00027-401
4-00122-405
4-00021-401
4-00056-401
4-00428-407
4-00429-407
4-00021-401
4-00080-401
4-00030-401
4-00030-401
4-00081-401
4-00427-449
4-00021-401
4-00398-407
4-00398-407
4-00021-401
4-00056-401
4-00428-407
4-00429-407
4-00021-401
4-00080-401
4-00030-401
4-00030-401
4-00034-401
4-00034-401
4-00034-401
4-00034-401
4-00032-401
4-00032-401
4-00086-401
4-00048-401
4-00094-401
4-00048-401
4-00061-401
4-00032-401
4-00122-405
4-00031-401
4-00031-401
4-00086-401
4-00086-401
4-00031-401
4-00056-401
4-00056-401
4-00031-401
4-00072-401
4-00080-401
4-00041-401
4-00090-401
4-00080-401
VALUE
330
10
1.5K
47
1.0K
22
562
511
1.0K
47
10
10
470
49.9
1.0K
499K
499K
1.0K
22
562
511
1.0K
47
10
10
10K
10K
10K
10K
100K
100K
51
2.2K
6.8K
2.2K
240K
100K
47
100
100
51
51
100
22
22
100
330
47
150
560
47
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
DESCRIPTION
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/8W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/8W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Metal Film 1/2W, 1%, 50ppm
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/8W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Parts List
REF.
R 705
R 706
R 707
R 708
R 709
R 710
R 711
R 712
R 713
R 714
R 715
R 716
R 721
R 722
R 723
R 724
R 725
R 726
R 727
R 728
R 729
R 730
R 731
R 732
R 733
R 734
R 735
R 736
R 744
R 746
R 748
R 750
R 801
R 802
R 803
R 804
R 805
R 806
R 807
R 808
R 810
R 811
R 812
R 814
R 815
R 816
R 817
R 818
R 819
R 821
R 822
SRS PART
4-00039-401
4-00062-401
4-00138-407
4-00021-401
4-00103-401
4-00138-407
4-00192-407
4-00072-401
4-00034-401
4-00472-407
4-00034-401
4-00473-407
4-00080-401
4-00041-401
4-00090-401
4-00080-401
4-00039-401
4-00062-401
4-00138-407
4-00021-401
4-00103-401
4-00138-407
4-00192-407
4-00072-401
4-00034-401
4-00472-407
4-00034-401
4-00473-407
4-00176-407
4-00466-407
4-00176-407
4-00466-407
4-00430-407
4-00430-407
4-00431-407
4-00431-407
4-00430-407
4-00430-407
4-00431-407
4-00431-407
4-00398-407
4-00432-407
4-00158-407
4-00138-407
4-00138-407
4-00218-408
4-00434-408
4-00435-408
4-00432-407
4-00138-407
4-00057-401
VALUE
120K
270
10.0K
1.0K
820
10.0K
49.9K
330
10K
806
10K
11.0K
47
150
560
47
120K
270
10.0K
1.0K
820
10.0K
49.9K
330
10K
806
10K
11.0K
3.01K
1.87K
3.01K
1.87K
665K
665K
332K
332K
665K
665K
332K
332K
499K
56.2K
2.00K
10.0K
10.0K
10.00K
4.990K
10.20K
56.2K
10.0K
220
101
DESCRIPTION
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 0.1%, 25ppm
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 0.1%, 25ppm
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 0.1%, 25ppm
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
102
REF.
R 823
R 824
R 825
R 826
R 827
R 830
R 831
R 832
R 833
R 834
R 839
R 840
R 841
R 842
R 843
R 845
R 846
R 847
R 848
R 849
R 850
R 851
R 852
R 853
R 860
R 861
R 901
R 902
R 903
R 904
R 905
R 906
R 907
R 908
R 909
R 910
R 911
R 912
R 913
R 914
R 915
R 916
R 921
R 922
R 923
R 924
R 925
R 926
R 931
R 932
R 933
Parts List
SRS PART
4-00138-407
4-00138-407
4-00057-401
4-00138-407
4-00031-401
4-00176-407
4-00035-401
4-00035-401
4-00035-401
4-00035-401
4-00035-401
4-00035-401
4-00035-401
4-00035-401
4-00138-407
4-00138-407
4-00278-407
4-00021-401
4-00034-401
4-00034-401
4-00158-407
4-00138-407
4-00467-407
4-00031-401
4-00034-401
4-00034-401
4-00436-409
4-00021-401
4-00437-401
4-00059-401
4-00034-401
4-00034-401
4-00372-431
4-00079-401
4-00048-401
4-00034-401
4-00436-409
4-00021-401
4-00437-401
4-00059-401
4-00138-407
4-00470-407
4-00436-409
4-00021-401
4-00437-401
4-00059-401
4-00138-407
4-00185-407
4-00059-401
4-00034-401
4-00061-401
VALUE
10.0K
10.0K
220
10.0K
100
3.01K
10M
10M
10M
10M
10M
10M
10M
10M
10.0K
10.0K
10.7K
1.0K
10K
10K
2.00K
10.0K
2.43K
100
10K
10K
0.1
1.0K
27K
22K
10K
10K
50-30-25
4.7K
2.2K
10K
0.1
1.0K
27K
22K
10.0K
10.5K
0.1
1.0K
27K
22K
10.0K
4.02K
22K
10K
240K
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
DESCRIPTION
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Wire Wound
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Thermistor, various
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Wire Wound
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Wire Wound
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Parts List
REF.
R 934
R 935
R 936
R 937
R 938
R 940
R 941
R 942
R 943
R 944
R 945
R 946
R 947
R 1001
R 1002
R 1003
R 1004
R 1005
RU130
SO103
SW201
T 1001
U 1A
U 101
U 102
U 104
U 105
U 106
U 107
U 108
U 109
U 110
U 114
U 115
U 116
U 117
U 118
U 119
U 120
U 121
U 122
U 123
U 124
U 125
U 126
U 127
U 128
U 130
U 131
U 201
U 202
SRS PART
4-00042-401
4-00034-401
4-00021-401
4-00032-401
4-00034-401
4-00021-401
4-00138-407
4-00164-407
4-00030-401
4-00417-407
4-00169-407
4-00439-407
4-00149-407
4-00130-407
4-00032-401
4-00176-407
4-00031-401
4-00031-401
4-00021-401
1-00026-150
1-00045-130
6-00039-610
6-00184-623
3-00216-340
3-00259-340
3-00299-341
3-00261-340
3-00158-340
3-00037-340
3-00155-340
3-00045-340
3-00045-340
3-00261-340
3-00044-340
3-00044-340
3-00157-341
3-00298-340
3-00058-340
3-00058-340
3-00087-340
3-00645-340
3-00078-340
3-00079-340
3-00110-340
3-00109-340
3-00263-340
3-00261-340
3-00155-340
3-00199-340
3-00044-340
3-00044-340
VALUE
15K
10K
1.0K
100K
10K
1.0K
10.0K
20.0K
10
2.74K
249
1.33K
121
1.00K
100K
3.01K
100
100
1.0K
28 PIN 600 MIL
3 PIN STRAIGHT
SR620/FS700
10 MHZ 1PPM
Z8800
74HCT373
32KX8-70L
74LS245
74HC154N
74HC138
74HC04
74HC32
74HC32
74LS245
74HC244
74HC244
8KX8-100 LOW
Z84C0008PEC
AD7524
AD7524
LF347
NAT9914BPD
DS75160A
DS75161A
MC1489
MC1488
DS75451N
74LS245
74HC04
74HC4538
74HC244
74HC244
103
DESCRIPTION
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Metal Film, 1/8W, 1%, 50PPM
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Resistor, Carbon Film, 1/4W, 5%
Socket, THRU-HOLE
Connector, Male
Transformer
Temp. Controlled Crystal Osc.
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
STATIC RAM, I.C.
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
STATIC RAM, I.C.
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
104
Parts List
REF.
U 203
U 204
U 205
U 206
U 207
U 208
U 209
U 210
U 211
U 222
U 230
U 231
U 232
U 233
U 234
U 235
U 236
U 237
U 238
U 239
U 241
U 242
U 243
U 244
U 245
U 250
U 301
U 301A
U 303
U 304
U 305
U 309
U 311
U 312
U 313
U 314
U 315
U 316
U 317
U 318
U 401
U 402
U 403
U 404
U 405
U 406
U 407
U 408
U 410
U 412
U 413
SRS PART
3-00044-340
3-00046-340
3-00046-340
3-00046-340
3-00046-340
3-00046-340
3-00064-340
3-00264-340
3-00264-340
3-00491-340
3-00151-340
3-00238-340
3-00238-340
3-00044-340
3-00046-340
3-00046-340
3-00046-340
3-00265-340
3-00265-340
3-00264-340
3-00049-340
3-00171-340
3-00207-340
3-00238-340
3-00049-340
3-00265-340
3-00117-325
3-00116-325
6-00051-622
3-00266-340
3-00294-340
3-00151-340
3-00194-340
3-00266-340
3-00266-340
3-00194-340
8-00073-860
3-00105-340
3-00185-340
3-00076-340
3-00196-335
3-00126-335
3-00554-340
3-00066-340
3-00196-335
3-00087-340
3-00143-340
3-00294-340
3-00196-335
3-00126-335
3-00554-340
VALUE
74HC244
74HC374
74HC374
74HC374
74HC374
74HC374
CA3081
MPQ3467
MPQ3467
UPD71054C
MC10125
74F74
74F74
74HC244
74HC374
74HC374
74HC374
74HC595
74HC595
MPQ3467
74HC74
74HC191
74F191
74F74
74HC74
74HC595
78L12
78L05
10 MHZ
MC10H116
AD96685
MC10125
MC10H131
MC10H116
MC10H116
MC10H131
SR531 ASSY
LM741
LM2901
DG211
HS-212S-5
1A05
SP4633
CA3140E
HS-212S-5
LF347
LM393
AD96685
HS-212S-5
1A05
SP4633
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
DESCRIPTION
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Transistor, TO-92 Package
Ovenized Crystal Oscillator
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
SRS sub assemblies
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Relay
Relay
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Relay
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Relay
Relay
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Parts List
REF.
U 414
U 415
U 417
U 418
U 421
U 424
U 425
U 427
U 428
U 430
U 501
U 502
U 503
U 504
U 505
U 506
U 507
U 508
U 509
U 510
U 511
U 512
U 513
U 514
U 550
U 602
U 604
U 605
U 607
U 608
U 609
U 610
U 611
U 612
U 701
U 702
U 703
U 704
U 705
U 706
U 707
U 801
U 802
U 803
U 805
U 806
U 807
U 808
U 809
U 810
U 901
SRS PART
3-00066-340
3-00196-335
3-00143-340
3-00294-340
3-00196-335
3-00066-340
3-00196-335
3-00143-340
3-00294-340
3-00180-340
3-00268-340
3-00268-340
3-00268-340
3-00269-340
3-00201-340
3-00194-340
3-00201-340
3-00194-340
3-00194-340
3-00180-340
3-00194-340
3-00194-340
3-00151-340
3-00238-340
3-00200-340
3-00201-340
3-00194-340
3-00194-340
3-00201-340
3-00194-340
3-00194-340
3-00194-340
3-00213-340
3-00194-340
3-00093-340
3-00065-340
3-00087-340
3-00199-340
3-00076-340
3-00087-340
3-00151-340
3-00087-340
3-00076-340
3-00270-340
3-00271-340
3-00059-340
3-00087-340
3-00270-340
3-00088-340
3-00088-340
3-00143-340
VALUE
CA3140E
HS-212S-5
LM393
AD96685
HS-212S-5
CA3140E
HS-212S-5
LM393
AD96685
MC10H107
MC10H164
MC10H164
MC10H164
MC10H158
MC10H105
MC10H131
MC10H105
MC10H131
MC10H131
MC10H107
MC10H131
MC10H131
MC10125
74F74
MC10124
MC10H105
MC10H131
MC10H131
MC10H105
MC10H131
MC10H131
MC10H131
MC10H113
MC10H131
LM13600
CA3102
LF347
74HC4538
DG211
LF347
MC10125
LF347
DG211
74HC4051
AD7578KN
7542
LF347
74HC4051
LF353
LF353
LM393
105
DESCRIPTION
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Relay
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Relay
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Relay
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
106
REF.
U 902
U 903
U 904
U 905
U 906
U 907
U 909
U 910
U 912
X 101
X 102
X 302
X 303
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Parts List
SRS PART
3-00088-340
3-00143-340
3-00088-340
3-00185-340
3-00319-340
3-00114-329
3-00149-329
3-00141-329
3-00088-340
6-00046-620
6-00047-620
6-00040-620
6-00040-620
0-00014-002
0-00017-002
0-00025-005
0-00042-010
0-00048-011
0-00079-031
0-00089-033
0-00096-041
0-00109-050
0-00113-053
0-00122-053
0-00126-053
0-00133-052
0-00134-053
0-00136-053
0-00153-057
0-00158-070
0-00165-003
0-00181-020
0-00186-021
0-00209-021
0-00211-020
0-00231-043
0-00240-026
0-00243-003
0-00253-044
0-00256-043
0-00263-052
0-00264-052
0-00265-052
0-00266-052
0-00292-026
0-00407-032
0-00500-000
0-00514-030
0-00520-048
0-00522-053
1-00066-112
VALUE
LF353
LM393
LF353
LM2901
AD586JN
7815
LM317T
LM337T
LF353
20.000 MHZ
8.000 MHZ
90MHZ CF
90MHZ CF
6J4
TRANSCOVER
3/8"
4-40 HEX
6-32 KEP
4-40X3/16 M/F
4"
#4 SPLIT
1-1/2" #18
10" #24
2-1/4" #24
3-1/2" #24
7-1/2" #22
7-1/4" #24
8-1/2" #24
GROMMET2
60MM 24V
TO-18
6-32X1/4PF
6-32X1-3/8PP
4-40X3/8PP
4-40X5/8PF
1-32, #4 SHOULD
4-40X3/8PF
TO-220
SR620
#6 SHOULDER
3" #22
9-1/2" #22 RD
9-1/2" #22 BLK
8-1/2" #22 BLK
6-32X3/16 TRUSS
SOLDR SLV RG174
554808-1
TUBULAR NYLON
18" #18
3-1/2" #24
7 PIN; 24AWG/WH
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
DESCRIPTION
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Voltage Reg., TO-220 (TAB) Package
Voltage Reg., TO-220 (TAB) Package
Voltage Reg., TO-220 (TAB) Package
Integrated Circuit (Thru-hole Pkg)
Crystal
Crystal
Crystal
Crystal
Power Entry Hardware
Power Entry Hardware
Lugs
Nut, Hex
Nut, Kep
Standoff
Tie
Washer, Split
Wire #18 UL1007 Stripped 3/8x3/8 No Tin
Wire #24 UL1007 Strip 1/4x1/4 Tin
Wire #24 UL1007 Strip 1/4x1/4 Tin
Wire #24 UL1007 Strip 1/4x1/4 Tin
Wire #22 UL1007
Wire #24 UL1007 Strip 1/4x1/4 Tin
Wire #24 UL1007 Strip 1/4x1/4 Tin
Grommet
Fans, & Hardware
Insulators
Screw, Flathead Phillips
Screw, Panhead Phillips
Screw, Panhead Phillips
Screw, Flathead Phillips
Washer, nylon
Screw, Black, All Types
Insulators
Window
Washer, nylon
Wire #22 UL1007
Wire #22 UL1007
Wire #22 UL1007
Wire #22 UL1007
Screw, Black, All Types
Termination
Hardware, Misc.
Spacer
Wire, #18 UL1015 Strip 3/8 x 3/8 No Tin
Wire #24 UL1007 Strip 1/4x1/4 Tin
Connector, Amp, MTA-100
Parts List
REF.
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
SRS PART
1-00261-130
1-00262-130
5-00262-548
6-00004-611
6-00017-630
6-00213-630
7-00151-735
7-00157-709
7-00165-720
7-00168-720
7-00170-720
7-00176-720
7-00195-720
7-00722-709
9-00184-917
9-00552-924
VALUE
1 PIN
3 PIN
.01U AXIAL
1A 3AG
FB43-301
2-HOLE
SR620-23
SR620-30...33
SR620-43,44,45
SR620-37
SR620-40
SR620-46
SR620-47
SR620-54
SR620 SERIAL
COPPERFOIL;1"
107
DESCRIPTION
Connector, Male
Connector, Male
Capacitor, Ceramic, 50V,+80/-20% Z5U AX
Fuse
Ferrite Beads
Ferrite Beads
Injection Molded Plastic
Lexan Overlay
Fabricated Part
Fabricated Part
Fabricated Part
Fabricated Part
Fabricated Part
Lexan Overlay
Product Labels
Tape, All types
Miscellaneous Parts List
REF.
U 103
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
Z0
SRS PART
3-00345-342
0-00179-000
0-00180-000
0-00185-021
0-00204-000
0-00248-026
0-00251-004
0-00271-000
0-00283-000
0-00292-026
0-00315-021
1-00087-131
7-00169-720
7-00171-720
7-00172-720
VALUE
27C512-120
RIGHT FOOT
LEFT FOOT
6-32X3/8PP
REAR FOOT
10-32X3/8TRUSSP
SR620-49
BUMPER
BUMPER1
6-32X3/16 TRUSS
6-32X7/16 PP
2 PIN JUMPER
SR620-39
SR620-41
SR620-42
DESCRIPTION
EPROM/PROM, I.C.
Hardware, Misc.
Hardware, Misc.
Screw, Panhead Phillips
Hardware, Misc.
Screw, Black, All Types
Knobs
Hardware, Misc.
Hardware, Misc.
Screw, Black, All Types
Screw, Panhead Phillips
Connector, Female
Fabricated Part
Fabricated Part
Fabricated Part
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
108
Parts List
SR620 Universal Time Interval Counter
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