PCM4204 - Texas Instruments

PCM4204 - Texas Instruments
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SBAS327A − JUNE 2004 − REVISED SEPTEMBER 2004
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#
FEATURES
D Four High-Performance Delta-Sigma
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
Analog-to-Digital Converters
− 24-Bit Linear PCM or 1-Bit Direct Stream
Digital (DSD) Output Data
− Supports PCM Output Sampling Rates up
to 216kHz
− Supports 64fS and 128fS DSD Output Data
Rates
Dynamic Performance: PCM Output
− Dynamic Range: 118dB
− THD+N: −105dB
Dynamic Performance: DSD Output
− Dynamic Range: 115dB
− THD+N: −103dB
Audio Serial Port
− 24-Bit Linear PCM Output Data
− Master or Slave Mode Operation
− Supports Left-Justified, Right-Justified,
I2S, and TDM Data Formats
DSD Data Port
− Supports DSD Output or Input for All Four
Channels Simultaneously
− Input Mode Provides 1-Bit DSD to 24-Bit
PCM Data Format Conversion
Additional PCM Output Features
− Linear-Phase Digital Decimation Filter
− Digital High-Pass Filter for DC Removal
− Clipping Flag Output for Each Channel
Power Supplies: +5V Analog and +3.3V Digital
Power Dissipation:
− fS = 48kHz: 600mW typical
− fS = 96kHz: 640mW typical
− fS = 192kHz: 615mW typical
Power-Down Mode
Available in a Thermally-Enhanced HTQFP-64
Package
APPLICATIONS
D Digital Recorders and Mixing Desks
D Digital Audio Effects Processors
D Broadcast Studio Equipment
D Surround Sound Encoders
D High-End A/V Receivers
DESCRIPTION
The PCM4204 is a high-performance, four-channel
analog-to-digital (A/D) converter designed for professional
and broadcast audio applications. The PCM4204
architecture utilizes a 1-bit delta-sigma modulator per
channel incorporating a novel density modulated dither
scheme for improved dynamic performance.
The PCM4204 supports 24-bit linear PCM output data,
with sampling frequencies up to 216kHz. The PCM4204
can also be configured to output either 64x or 128x
oversampled, 1-bit direct stream digital (DSD) data for
each channel. In addition, the PCM4204 supports a DSD
input mode, allowing 1-bit DSD to 24-bit PCM data format
conversion utilizing the on-chip digital decimation filter.
These features make the PCM4204 suitable for a variety
of digital audio recording and processing applications.
The PCM4204 includes a flexible audio serial port interface, which supports standard PCM audio data formats, as
well as time division multiplexed (TDM) PCM data formats.
Multiple format support allows the system designer to
choose the interface format that best suits the end application. Audio data format selection, sampling mode configuration, and high-pass filter functions are all programmed
using dedicated control pins.
The PCM4204 operates from a +5V analog power
supply and a +3.3V digital power supply. The digital I/O
pins are compatible with +3.3V logic families. The
PCM4204 is available in a thermally-enhanced HTQFP-64
PowerPAD package.
Please be aware that an important notice concerning availability, standard warranty, and use in critical applications of Texas Instruments
semiconductor products and disclaimers thereto appears at the end of this data sheet.
PowerPAD is a registered trademark of Texas Instruments. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
Copyright  2004, Texas Instruments Incorporated
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SBAS327A − JUNE 2004 − REVISED SEPTEMBER 2004
This integrated circuit can be damaged by ESD. Texas Instruments recommends that all integrated circuits be handled with appropriate
precautions. Failure to observe proper handling and installation procedures can cause damage.
ESD damage can range from subtle performance degradation to complete device failure. Precision integrated circuits may be more susceptible to
damage because very small parametric changes could cause the device not to meet its published specifications.
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
over operating free-air temperature range unless otherwise noted(1)
PCM4204
UNIT
VCC1, VCC2
VDD1, VDD2, VDD3
+6.0
V
Supply voltage
+3.6
V
Ground voltage differences
(any AGND to DGND or BGND)
±0.1
V
Digital input voltage
FMT0, FMT1, FMT2, S/M, FS0, FS1, FS2,
SCKI, RST, HPFD, SUB, BCK, LRCK,
DSDCLK, DSD1, DSD2, DSD3, DSD4, TEST
−0.3 to (VDD + 0.3)
V
Analog input voltage
VIN1−4+, VIN1−4−
−0.3 to (VCC + 0.3)
V
Input current (any pin except supplies)
Operating temperature range
±10mA
V
−10 to +70
°C
Storage temperature range, TSTG
−65 to +150
°C
(1) Stresses above those listed under Absolute Maximum Ratings may cause permanent damage to the device. Exposure to absolute maximum
conditions for extended periods may degrade device reliability. These are stress ratings only, and functional operation of the device at these or
any other conditions beyond those specified is not implied.
PACKAGE/ORDERING INFORMATION
For the most current package and ordering information, see the Package Option Addendum located at the end of this
datasheet.
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SBAS327A − JUNE 2004 − REVISED SEPTEMBER 2004
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Unless otherwise noted, all characteristics specified with TA = +25°C, VCC = +5V, VDD = +3.3V, system clock (SCKI) is 512fS for Single Rate
Sampling, 256fS for Dual Rate Sampling, or 128fS for Quad Rate Sampling. The device is operated in Master mode for all dynamic performance
measurements.
PCM4204
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
RESOLUTION
TYP
MAX
24
UNIT
Bits
DATA FORMAT
Left and Right Justified, I2S, TDM
Audio Data Formats (PCM)
Audio Data Word Length (PCM)
24
Binary Data Format (PCM)
Bits
Two’s Complement Binary, MSB First
DSD Output Format and Word Length
Bits
1-Bit Data
DIGITAL INPUT/OUTPUT
Input Logic Level
Output Logic Level
Input Leakage
Current(1)
Input Leakage
Current(2)
VIH
VIL
VOH
VOL
IOH = −2mA
IOH = +2mA
0.7 x VDD
0
VDD
0.3 x VDD
V
0.8 x VDD
0
VDD
0.2 x VDD
V
IIH
VIN = VDD
+1
+10
µA
IIL
VIN = 0V
−1
−10
µA
IIH
VIN = VDD
+35
+100
µA
IIL
VIN = 0V
−35
−100
µA
CLOCK FREQUENCIES
System Clock Frequency, fSCKI
Single Rate Sampling Mode
Dual Rate Sampling Mode
6.144
12.8
38.4
38.4
MHz
MHz
Quad Rate Sampling Mode
12.8
38.4
MHz
Sampling Frequency, fS
Single Rate Sampling Mode
Dual Rate Sampling Mode
Quad Rate Sampling Mode
24
54
108
54
108
216
kHz
kHz
kHz
ANALOG INPUTS
Full Scale Input Voltage
Average Input Impedance
Common-mode Rejection
Differential Input
6.0
3
85
VPP
kΩ
dB
+2.5
200
V
µA
DC SPECIFICATIONS
VCOM12, VCOM34 Output Voltage
VCOM12, VCOM34 Output Current
(1) Applies to the FMT0, FMT1, FMT2, S/M, FS0, FS1, FS2, HPFD, BCK, LRCK, SUB, DSDCLK, DSD1, DSD2, DSD3, DSD4, and SCKI pins.
(2) Applies to the TEST and RST pins.
(3) Typical performance is measured using an Audio Precision System Two Cascade or Cascade Plus test system. The measurement bandwidth
is limited using the Audio Precision 22Hz high-pass filter in combination with either a 20kHz low-pass filter for fS = 48kHz or a 40kHz low-pass
filter for fS = 96kHz and 192kHz. All A-weighted measurements are performed using the A-weighting filter in combination with the band limiting
filters already mentioned. The measurements are made with the RMS detector selected.
(4) A 256fS system clock is used at final production test for fS = 48kHz measurements.
(5) Typical DSD performance is measured using an Audio Precision System Two Cascade or Cascade Plus test system. The measurement
bandwidth is limited using the Audio Precision 22Hz high-pass filter in combination with a 20kHz low-pass filter. All A-weighted measurements
are performed using the A-weighting filter in combination with the band limiting filter already mentioned. The measurements are made with the
RMS detector selected. The 1-bit DSD data is converted to 24-bit linear PCM data for measurement using a PCM4204 configured for DSD input
mode.
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SBAS327A − JUNE 2004 − REVISED SEPTEMBER 2004
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)
Unless otherwise noted, all characteristics specified with TA = +25°C, VCC = +5V, VDD = +3.3V, system clock (SCKI) is 512fS for Single Rate
Sampling, 256fS for Dual Rate Sampling, or 128fS for Quad Rate Sampling. The device is operated in Master mode for all dynamic performance
measurements.
PCM4204
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNIT
−96
112
105
−105
−56
118
120
dB
dB
dB
dB
DYNAMIC PERFORMANCE (PCM Output)(3)
fS = 48kHz(4)
THD+N
VIN = −0.5dBFS, fIN = 1kHz
VIN = −60dBFS, fIN = 1kHz
VIN = −60dBFS, fIN = 1kHz, A-weighted
Dynamic Range
Channel Separation
fS = 96kHz
THD+N
Dynamic Range
Channel Separation
fS = 192kHz
THD+N
Dynamic Range
VIN = −0.5dBFS, fIN = 1kHz, BW = 20Hz to 40kHz
VIN = −60dBFS, fIN = 1kHz, BW = 20Hz to 40kHz
VIN = −60dBFS, fIN = 1kHz, A-weighted
−103
−52
118
120
dB
dB
dB
dB
VIN = −0.5dBFS, fIN = 1kHz, BW = 20Hz to 40kHz
VIN = 0V, Unweighted, BW = 20Hz to 40kHz
VIN = 0V, A-weighted
−103
108
117
120
dB
dB
dB
dB
DSDBCK = 2.8224MHz, BW = 20Hz to 20kHz
VIN = −0.5dBFS, fIN = 1kHz
VIN = −60dBFS, fIN = 1kHz
VIN = −60dBFS, fIN = 1kHz, A-weighted
−103
−52
115
dB
dB
dB
DSDBCK = 5.6448MHz, BW = 20Hz to 20kHz
VIN = −0.5dBFS, fIN = 1kHz
VIN = −60dBFS, fIN = 1kHz
VIN = −60dBFS, fIN = 1kHz, A-weighted
−105
−56
118
dB
dB
dB
Channel Separation
DYNAMIC PERFORMANCE (DSD Output)(5)
64fS Output Rate
THD+N
Dynamic Range
128fS Output Rate
THD+N
Dynamic Range
DIGITAL DECIMATION FILTER
Single and Dual Rate Sampling Modes
Passband Edge
Passband Ripple
Stop Band Edge
Stop Band Attenuation
Group Delay
−0.005dB
0.453fS
±0.005
0.547fS
−100
37/fS
Hz
dB
Hz
dB
sec
(1) Applies to the FMT0, FMT1, FMT2, S/M, FS0, FS1, FS2, HPFD, BCK, LRCK, SUB, DSDCLK, DSD1, DSD2, DSD3, DSD4, and SCKI pins.
(2) Applies to the TEST and RST pins.
(3) Typical performance is measured using an Audio Precision System Two Cascade or Cascade Plus test system. The measurement bandwidth
is limited using the Audio Precision 22Hz high-pass filter in combination with either a 20kHz low-pass filter for fS = 48kHz or a 40kHz low-pass
filter for fS = 96kHz and 192kHz. All A-weighted measurements are performed using the A-weighting filter in combination with the band limiting
filters already mentioned. The measurements are made with the RMS detector selected.
(4) A 256fS system clock is used at final production test for fS = 48kHz measurements.
(5) Typical DSD performance is measured using an Audio Precision System Two Cascade or Cascade Plus test system. The measurement
bandwidth is limited using the Audio Precision 22Hz high-pass filter in combination with a 20kHz low-pass filter. All A-weighted measurements
are performed using the A-weighting filter in combination with the band limiting filter already mentioned. The measurements are made with the
RMS detector selected. The 1-bit DSD data is converted to 24-bit linear PCM data for measurement using a PCM4204 configured for DSD input
mode.
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SBAS327A − JUNE 2004 − REVISED SEPTEMBER 2004
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)
Unless otherwise noted, all characteristics specified with TA = +25°C, VCC = +5V, VDD = +3.3V, system clock (SCKI) is 512fS for Single Rate
Sampling, 256fS for Dual Rate Sampling, or 128fS for Quad Rate Sampling. The device is operated in Master mode for all dynamic performance
measurements.
PCM4204
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNIT
0.375fS
0.490fS
±0.005
9.5/fS
Hz
Hz
dB
Hz
dB
sec
fS/48000
Hz
DIGITAL DECIMATION FILTER (continued)
Quad Rate Sampling Mode
Passband Edge
−0.005dB
−3dB
Passband Ripple
Stop Band Edge
Stop Band Attenuation
Group Delay
0.770fS
−135
DIGITAL HIGH PASS FILTER
Frequency Response (−3dB)
POWER SUPPLY
Voltage Range
VCC1, VCC2
VDD1, VDD2, VDD3
Power Down Supply Current
ICC1 + ICC2
IDD1 + IDD2 + IDD3
Quiescent Current
ICC1 + ICC2
IDD1 + IDD2 + IDD3
Total Power Dissipation
+4.75
+3.0
+5.0
+3.3
+5.25
+3.6
VDC
VDC
10
2
mA
mA
VCC = +5V, VDD = +3.3V, RST = Low
VCC = +5.0V
fS = 48kHz(4)
fS = 96kHz
fS = 192kHz
108
108
108
130
130
130
mA
mA
mA
VDD = +3.3V
fS = 48kHz(4)
fS = 96kHz
fS = 192kHz
18
30
23
23
44
26
mA
mA
mA
VCC = +5V, VDD = +3.3V
fS = 48kHz(4)
fS = 96kHz
fS = 192kHz
600
640
615
726
795
736
mW
mW
mW
(1) Applies to the FMT0, FMT1, FMT2, S/M, FS0, FS1, FS2, HPFD, BCK, LRCK, SUB, DSDCLK, DSD1, DSD2, DSD3, DSD4, and SCKI pins.
(2) Applies to the TEST and RST pins.
(3) Typical performance is measured using an Audio Precision System Two Cascade or Cascade Plus test system. The measurement bandwidth
is limited using the Audio Precision 22Hz high-pass filter in combination with either a 20kHz low-pass filter for fS = 48kHz or a 40kHz low-pass
filter for fS = 96kHz and 192kHz. All A-weighted measurements are performed using the A-weighting filter in combination with the band limiting
filters already mentioned. The measurements are made with the RMS detector selected.
(4) A 256fS system clock is used at final production test for fS = 48kHz measurements.
(5) Typical DSD performance is measured using an Audio Precision System Two Cascade or Cascade Plus test system. The measurement
bandwidth is limited using the Audio Precision 22Hz high-pass filter in combination with a 20kHz low-pass filter. All A-weighted measurements
are performed using the A-weighting filter in combination with the band limiting filter already mentioned. The measurements are made with the
RMS detector selected. The 1-bit DSD data is converted to 24-bit linear PCM data for measurement using a PCM4204 configured for DSD input
mode.
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SBAS327A − JUNE 2004 − REVISED SEPTEMBER 2004
61
60
59
58
55
54
53
52
51
50
VREF34+
VREF34−
AGND3
VCOM34
NC
56
VIN3−
57
VIN3+
VIN2−
VIN2+
NC
VCOM12
AGND4
62
NC
63
NC
64
VREF12−
VREF12+
PIN ASSIGNMENT
49
VIN1−
1
48 VIN4+
VIN1+
2
47 VIN4−
NC
3
46 NC
NC
4
45 NC
VCC1
5
44 VCC2
AGND1
6
43 AGND2
BGND1
7
42 BGND4
DGND1
8
VDD1
9
40 VDD3
RST 10
39 SUB
41 DGND3
PCM4204
TEST 11
38 HPFD
FS0 12
37 CLIP4
FS1 13
36 CLIP3
FS2 14
35 CLIP2
SCKI 15
34 CLIP1
6
27
28
29
30
31
32
SDOUT2
DGND2
26
SDOUT1
NC
25
LRCK
FMT2
24
BCK
FMT1
23
DSD4
22
DSD3
21
DSD2
20
DSD1
19
DSDCLK
18
VDD2
17
FMT0
33 BGND3
S/M
BGND2 16
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SBAS327A − JUNE 2004 − REVISED SEPTEMBER 2004
Terminal Functions
TERMINAL
PIN NO.
NAME
I/O
1
Input
Channel 1 Analog Input, Inverting
2
VIN1−
VIN1+
DESCRIPTION
Input
Channel 1 Analog Input, Non-inverting
3
NC
—
No Internal Connection
No Internal Connection
4
NC
—
5
VCC1
Power
Analog Supply, +5V Nominal
6
AGND1
Ground
Analog Ground
7
BGND1
Ground
Substrate Ground
8
DGND1
Ground
Digital Ground
9
VDD1
Power
Digital Supply, +3.3V Nominal
10
RST
Input
Reset/Power Down (Active Low with internal pull-up to VDD1)
11
TEST
Input
Test Pin (Active High with internal pull-down to DGND)
12
FS0
Input
Sampling Mode
13
FS1
Input
Sampling Mode
14
FS2
Input
Sampling Mode
15
SCKI
Input
System Clock
16
BGND2
Ground
17
S/M
Input
Audio Serial Port Slave/Master Mode (0 = Master, 1 = Slave)
18
FMT0
Input
Audio Data Format
19
FMT1
Input
Audio Data Format
20
FMT2
Input
Audio Data Format
21
NC
—
22
DGND2
Ground
Digital Ground
23
VDD2
Power
Digital Supply, +3.3V Nominal
24
DSDCLK
I/O
DSD Data Clock
25
DSD1
I/O
Channel 1 DSD Data
26
DSD2
I/O
Channel 2 DSD Data
27
DSD3
I/O
Channel 3 DSD Data
28
DSD4
I/O
Channel 4 DSD Data
29
BCK
I/O
Audio Serial Port Bit Clock
Audio Serial Port Left/Right (or Word) Clock
Substrate Ground
No Internal Connection
30
LRCK
I/O
31
SDOUT1
Output
PCM Data for Channels 1 and 2(1)
32
SDOUT2
Output
PCM Data for Channels 3 and 4(1)
33
BGND3
Ground
Substrate Ground
34
CLIP1
Output
Channel 1 Clipping Flag (Active High)
35
CLIP2
Output
Channel 2 Clipping Flag (Active High)
36
CLIP3
Output
Channel 3 Clipping Flag (Active High)
37
CLIP4
Output
Channel 4 Clipping Flag (Active High)
38
HPFD
Input
High-Pass Filter Disable (Active High)
TDM Sub-Frame Assignment (0 = SF 0, 1 = SF 1)
39
SUB
Input
40
VDD3
Power
Digital Supply, +3.3V Nominal
(1) For TDM formats, SDOUT1 carries data for all four channels, while SDOUT2 is driven low.
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Terminal Functions (continued)
TERMINAL
PIN NO.
NAME
I/O
41
DGND3
Ground
Digital Ground
DESCRIPTION
42
BGND4
Ground
Substrate Ground
43
AGND2
Ground
Analog Ground
44
VCC2
Power
Analog Supply, +5V Nominal
45
NC
—
No Internal Connection
No Internal Connection
46
NC
—
47
VIN4−
Input
Channel 4 Analog Input, Inverting
48
VIN4+
Input
Channel 4 Analog Input, Non-inverting
49
VREF34+
Output
Voltage Reference De-Coupling for Channels 3 and 4
50
VREF34−
Output
Reference Ground for Channels 3 and 4, connect to AGND
51
AGND3
Output
Analog Ground
52
VCOM34
Output
Common-mode Voltage for Channels 3 and 4, +2.5V Nominal
53
NC
—
54
VIN3−
Input
Channel 3 Analog Input, Inverting
55
VIN3+
Input
Channel 3 Analog Input, Non-inverting
56
NC
—
No Internal Connection
57
NC
—
No Internal Connection
58
VIN2−
Input
Channel 2 Analog Input, Inverting
59
VIN2+
Input
Channel 2 analog Input, Non-inverting
60
NC
—
61
VCOM12
Output
Common-mode Voltage for Channels 1 and 2, +2.5V Nominal
62
AGND4
Ground
Analog Ground
63
VREF12−
Output
Reference Ground for Channels 1 and 2, connect to AGND
64
No Internal Connection
No Internal Connection
VREF12+
Output
Voltage Reference De-Coupling for Channels 1 and 2
(1) For TDM formats, SDOUT1 carries data for all four channels, while SDOUT2 is driven low.
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TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS
At TA = +25°C with VCC = +5V, VDD = +3.3V, and a measurement bandwidth from 20Hz to 20kHz, unless otherwise noted.
OVERALL CHARACTERISTICS
SINGLE RATE FILTER
STOP BAND ATTENUATION CHARACTERISTICS
SINGLE RATE FILTER
50
0
Normalized Frequency (fS )
Amplitude (dB)
fS = 48 kHz
−50
−100
−150
−200
0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
0
−10
−20
−30
−40
−50
−60
−70
−80
−90
−100
−110
−120
−130
−140
−150
4.0
fS = 48 kHz
0
TRANSIENT BAND CHARACTERISTICS
SINGLE RATE FILTER
0
0.02
fS = 48kHz
−1
fS = 48kHz
−2
Amplitude (dB)
0
Amplitude (dB)
1
0.75
Normalized Frequency (f S)
PASSBAND RIPPLE CHARACTERISTICS
SINGLE RATE FILTER
−0.02
−0.04
−0.06
−3
−4
−5
−6
−7
−8
−0.08
−9
−10
0.45
−0.1
0
0.2
0.1
0.4
0.3
0.6
0.5
0.47
Normalized Frequency (fS)
fS = 96kHz
Amplitude (dB)
0
−50
−100
−150
−200
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.4
Normalized Frequency (fS )
0.51
0.53
0.55
STOP BAND ATTENUATION CHARACTERISTICS
DUAL RATE FILTER
50
0
0.49
Normalized Frequency (fS)
OVERALL CHARACTERISTICS
DUAL RATE FILTER
Amplitude (dB)
0.5
0.25
Normalized Frequency (f S)
1.6
1.8
2.0
0
−10
−20
−30
−40
−50
−60
−70
−80
−90
−100
−110
−120
−130
−140
−150
fS = 96kHz
0
0.5
0.75
0.25
Normalized Frequency (f S)
1
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TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)
At TA = +25°C with VCC = +5V, VDD = +3.3V, and a measurement bandwidth from 20Hz to 20kHz, unless otherwise noted.
TRANSIENT BAND CHARACTERISTICS
DUAL RATE FILTER
PASSBAND RIPPLE CHARACTERISTICS
DUAL RATE FILTER
0
0.02
−2
Amplitude (dB)
0
Amplitude (dB)
f S = 96kHz
−1
fS = 96kHz
−0.02
−0.04
−0.06
−3
−4
−5
−6
−7
−8
−0.08
−9
−10
0.45
−0.1
0
0.2
0.1
0.4
0.3
0.6
0.5
0.47
0.49
OVERALL CHARACTERISTICS
QUAD RATE FILTER
fS = 192kHz
Amplitude (dB)
Amplitude (dB)
0
−50
−100
−150
0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
0
−10
−20
−30
−40
−50
−60
−70
−80
−90
−100
−110
−120
−130
−140
−150
1
0
0.5
0.75
0.25
Normalized Frequency (f S)
1
TRANSIENT BAND CHARACTERISTICS
QUAD RATE FILTER
PASSBAND RIPPLE CHARACTERISTICS
QUAD RATE FILTER
0
0.02
−1
fS = 192kHz
0
fS = 192kHz
−2
Amplitude (dB)
Amplitude (dB)
0.55
fS = 192kHz
Normalized Frequency (fS)
−0.02
−0.04
−0.06
−3.90dB at 0.5f S
−3
−4
−5
−6
−7
−8
−0.08
−9
−0.1
0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
Normalized Frequency (fS )
10
0.53
STOP BAND ATTENUATION CHARACTERISTICS
QUAD RATE FILTER
50
−200
0.51
Normalized Frequency (fS)
Normalized Frequency (fS )
0.5
0.6
−10
0.45
0.47
0.49
0.51
Normalized Frequency (fS)
0.53
0.55
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SBAS327A − JUNE 2004 − REVISED SEPTEMBER 2004
TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)
At TA = +25°C with VCC = +5V, VDD = +3.3V, and a measurement bandwidth from 20Hz to 20kHz, unless otherwise noted.
HIGH PASS FILTER
PASSBAND CHARACTERISTICS
5
0.02
−20
0
Amplitude (dB)
Amplitude (dB)
HIGH PASS FILTER
STOP BAND CHARACTERISTICS
−40
−60
−80
−0.06
−0.1
0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
Normalized Frequency (fS/1000)
Normalized Frequency (fS /1000)
FFT PLOT
(fS = 48kHz, fIN = 997Hz at −20dB)
FFT PLOT
(fS = 48kHz, fIN = 997Hz at −60dB)
0
0
−20
−20
−40
−40
−60
−60
−80
Amplitude (dB)
Amplitude (dB)
−0.04
−0.08
−100
−100
−120
−140
−160
3.5
4
10k
20k
−80
−100
−120
−140
−160
−180
−180
20
100
1k
10k
20k
20
100
1k
Frequency (Hz)
Frequency (Hz)
FFT PLOT
(fS = 48kHz, No Input [Idle])
FFT PLOT
(fS = 96kHz, fIN = 997Hz at −20dB)
0
0
−20
−20
−40
−40
−60
−60
−80
−80
Amplitude (dB)
Amplitude (dB)
−0.02
−100
−120
−140
−100
−120
−140
−160
−160
−180
−180
20
100
1k
Frequency (Hz)
10k
20k
20
100
1k
10k
40k
Frequency (Hz)
11
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SBAS327A − JUNE 2004 − REVISED SEPTEMBER 2004
TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)
At TA = +25°C with VCC = +5V, VDD = +3.3V, and a measurement bandwidth from 20Hz to 20kHz, unless otherwise noted.
FFT PLOT
(fS = 96kHz, No Input [Idle])
0
0
−20
−20
−40
−40
−60
−60
−80
−80
Amplitude (dB)
Amplitude (dB)
FFT PLOT
(fS = 96kHz, fIN = 997Hz at −60dB)
−100
−120
−140
−160
−120
−140
−160
−180
−180
20
100
1k
10k
40k
20
100
1k
Frequency (Hz)
FFT PLOT
(fS = 192kHz, fIN = 997Hz at −20dB)
FFT PLOT
(fS = 192kHz, fIN = 997Hz at −60dB)
0
0
−20
−20
−40
−40
−60
−60
−80
−100
−120
−140
−160
−80
−100
−120
−140
−180
20
100
1k
10k
100k
20
100
1k
Frequency (Hz)
0
−20
−40
−60
THD+N (dB)
−80
−100
−120
−140
−160
−180
20
100
1k
Frequency (Hz)
10k
100k
Frequency (Hz)
FFT PLOT
(f S = 192kHz, No Input [Idle])
Amplitude (dB)
40k
−160
−180
12
10k
Frequency (Hz)
Amplitude (dB)
Amplitude (dB)
−100
10k
100k
−90
−92
−94
−96
−98
−100
−102
−104
−106
−108
−110
−112
−114
−116
−118
−120
−140
THD+N vs AMPLITUDE
(f S = 48kHz, fIN = 1kHz, BW = 20Hz to 20kHz)
−120
−100
−80
−60
Input Amplitude (dB)
−40
−20
0
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SBAS327A − JUNE 2004 − REVISED SEPTEMBER 2004
TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)
At TA = +25°C with VCC = +5V, VDD = +3.3V, and a measurement bandwidth from 20Hz to 20kHz, unless otherwise noted.
−90
−92
−94
−96
−98
−100
−102
−104
−106
−108
−110
−112
−114
−116
−118
−120
THD+N (dB)
THD+N (dB)
THD+N vs FREQUENCY
(f S = 48kHz, Input Amplitude = −1dB,
BW = 20Hz to 20kHz)
20
100
1k
10k
20k
−100
−80
−60
−40
−20
Input Amplitude (dB)
THD+N vs FREQUENCY
(fS = 96kHz, Input Amplitude = −1dB,
BW = 20Hz to 40kHz)
THD+N vs AMPLITUDE
(fS = 192kHz, fIN = 1kHz, BW = 20Hz to 40kHz)
−75
−80
−85
THD+N (dB)
−90
−95
−100
−105
−110
−115
−120
100
1k
10k
40k
−90
−92
−94
−96
−98
−100
−102
−104
−106
−108
−110
−112
−114
−116
−118
−120
−140
−120
Input Frequency (Hz)
−100
−80
−60
−40
−20
0
0
Input Amplitude (dB)
THD+N vs FREQUENCY
(fS = 192kHz, Input Amplitude = −1dB,
BW = 20Hz to 40kHz)
−70
−75
−80
−85
−90
THD+N (dB)
THD+N (dB)
−120
Input Frequency (Hz)
−70
20
−90
−92
−94
−96
−98
−100
−102
−104
−106
−108
−110
−112
−114
−116
−118
−120
−140
THD+N vs AMPLITUDE
(fS = 96kHz, fIN = 1kHz, BW = 20Hz to 40kHz)
−95
−100
−105
−110
−115
−120
20
100
1k
10k
80k
Input Frequency (Hz)
13
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SBAS327A − JUNE 2004 − REVISED SEPTEMBER 2004
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
The PCM4204 is a high-performance, four-channel audio
analog-to-digital (A/D) converter designed for use in
professional and broadcast audio applications. The
PCM4204 features 24-bit linear PCM data outputs, as well
as 1-bit Direct Stream Digital (DSD) data output and input
capability for all four channels. Sampling rates up to
216kHz are supported for PCM output formats, while 64x
or 128x oversampled 1-bit data is supported for DSD
modes. Native support for both PCM and DSD data
formats makes the PCM4204 ideal for use in a wide variety
of audio recording and processing applications.
The PCM4204 features 1-bit delta sigma modulators
employing density modulated dither for improved dynamic
performance. Differential voltage inputs are utilized for the
modulators, providing excellent common-mode rejection.
VIN1+
VIN1−
Delta−Sigma
Modulator
On-chip voltage references are provided for the
modulators, in addition to generating DC common-mode
bias voltage outputs for use with external input circuitry.
Linear phase digital decimation filtering is provided for the
24-bit PCM output, with a minimum stop band attenuation
of −100dB for all sampling modes.
The PCM output mode features clipping flag outputs for
each of the four channels, as well as a digital high-pass
filter for DC removal. The PCM4204 may be configured
using dedicated input pins for sampling mode and audio
data format selection, high-pass filter enable/disable, and
reset/power-down operation.
A +5V power supply is required for the analog section of
the device, while a +3.3V power supply is required for the
digital circuitry. Figure 1 shows the functional block
diagram for the PCM4204.
Digital
Decimation and High Pass
Filters
Audio
Serial
Port
LRCK
BCK
SDOUT1
SDOUT2
DSD
Data
Port
DSD1
DSD2
DSD3
DSD4
DSDCLK
VREF12+
VREF12−
AGND4
Reference
VCOM12
VIN2+
VIN2−
VIN3+
VIN3−
Control
and
Status
FS0
FS1
FS2
S/M
FMT0
FMT1
FMT2
HPFD
SUB
RST
CLIP1
CLIP2
CLIP3
CLIP4
System Clock
and
Timing
SCKI
Delta−Sigma
Modulator
Delta−Sigma
Modulator
To/From
Other Blocks
VREF34+
VREF34−
Reference
AGND3
VCOM34
To Other
Blocks
VIN4+
VIN4−
Delta−Sigma
Modulator
VCC1
AGND1
VCC2
AGND2
BGND1
BGND2
BGND3
BGND4
VDD1
DGND1
VDD2
DGND2
VDD3
DGND3
Power and Ground
Figure 1. PCM4204 Functional Block Diagram
14
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SBAS327A − JUNE 2004 − REVISED SEPTEMBER 2004
ANALOG INPUTS
The PCM4204 includes four channels of A/D conversion,
each with its own pair of differential voltage input pins. The
VIN1− (pin 1) and VIN1+ (pin 2) analog inputs correspond
to Channel 1. The VIN2− (pin 58) and VIN2+ (pin 59) analog
inputs correspond to Channel 2. The VIN3− (pin 54) and
VIN3+ (pin 55) analog inputs correspond to Channel 3. The
VIN4− (pin 47) and VIN4+ (pin 48) analog inputs
correspond to Channel 4. The average input impedance of
each input pin is 3.0kΩ.
Each analog input pair accepts a full-scale input voltage of
approximately 6.0VPP differential. The analog input should
not swing below analog ground or above the VCC1 (pin 5)
or VCC2 (pin 44) power supplies by more than 300mV.
Schottky diodes may be used to clamp these pins to a safe
input range, or the input buffer circuitry may be designed
in a manner to ensure that the input swing does not exceed
the absolute maximum ratings of the PCM4204. Refer to
the Applications Information section of this datasheet for
an example input buffer circuit.
recommended to have at least a 0.1µF X7R ceramic chip
capacitor connected in parallel with a 33µF low ESR
capacitor (tantalum, multilayer ceramic, or aluminum
electrolytic) for de-coupling purposes.
Refer to the Applications Information section of this
datasheet for the recommended voltage reference pin
connections.
The VREF12+ and VREF34+ outputs should not be utilized
to bias external circuitry, as they are not buffered. Use the
VCOM12 (pin 16) and VCOM34 (pin 52) outputs to bias
external circuitry. Although the VCOML and VCOMR outputs
are internally buffered, the output current is limited to a few
hundred µA. It is recommended to connect these pins to
external nodes with greater than 1MΩ impedance, or to
buffer the outputs with a voltage follower circuit when
driving multiple external nodes.
Refer to the Applications Information section of this
datasheet for an example input buffer circuit that utilizes
the common-mode bias voltage outputs.
SYSTEM CLOCK INPUT
VOLTAGE REFERENCES AND COMMON MODE
BIAS VOLTAGE OUTPUTS
The PCM4204 includes two on-chip voltage references,
one for Channels 1 and 2 and another for Channels 3 and
4. The VREF12− (pin 63) and VREF12+ (pin 64) outputs
correspond to low and high reference outputs for Channels
1 and 2. The VREF34− (pin 50) and VREF34+ (pin 49)
outputs correspond to low and high reference outputs for
Channels 3 and 4. De-coupling capacitors are connected
between the high and low reference pins, and the low
reference pin is then connected to an analog ground. It is
The PCM4204 requires a system clock, from which the
modulator oversampling and digital sub-system clocks are
derived. The system clock is applied at the SCKI input (pin
15). The frequency of the system clock is dependent upon
the desired PCM output sampling frequency or DSD data
rate, along with the sampling mode selection. Table 1
shows the corresponding system clock frequencies for
common output sampling and data rates, along with the
corresponding sampling modes. Timing requirements for
the system clock are shown in Figure 2.
Table 1. System Clock Frequencies for Common Output Sampling and Data Rates
SYSTEM CLOCK FREQUENCY (MHz)
SAMPLING FREQUENCY, fS
(kHz)
128fS
192fS
Single Rate
32
n/a
n/a
8.192
12.288
16.384
24.576
Single Rate
44.1
n/a
n/a
11.2896
16.9344
22.5792
33.8688
Single Rate
48
n/a
n/a
12.288
18.432
24.576
36.864
Dual Rate
88.2
n/a
n/a
22.5792
33.8688
n/a
n/a
Dual Rate
96
n/a
n/a
24.576
36.864
n/a
n/a
Quad Rate
176.4
22.5792
33.8688
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
Quad Rate
192
24.576
36.864
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
DSD Input/Output
128fS Data (Single Rate)
n/a
n/a
11.2896
16.9344
22.5792
33.8688
DSD Input/Output
64fS Data (Dual Rate)
n/a
n/a
11.2896
16.9344
n/a
n/a
SAMPLING MODE
256fS
384fS
512fS
768fS
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SBAS327A − JUNE 2004 − REVISED SEPTEMBER 2004
t SCKIH
SCKI
t SCKI
t SCKIL
PARAMETER
DESCRIPTION
MIN
t SCKI
System Clock Period
26
ns
t SCKIH
System Clock High Pulse Time
12
ns
t SCKIL
System Clock Low Pulse Time
12
ns
MAX
UNITS
Figure 2. System Clock Timing Requirements
SAMPLING MODES
The PCM4204 may be operated in one of three PCM
sampling modes, or at one of two DSD output data rates.
The PCM sampling modes are referred to as Single Rate,
Dual Rate, and Quad Rate.
of the sampling mode pins is changed any time after
power-up reset initialization, the user should issue an
external forced reset to re-initialize the PCM4204. Table 2,
Table 3, Table 4, and Table 5 indicate the sampling mode
selections for PCM Master and Slave mode operation, as
well as the DSD Output and Input mode operation.
Single Rate mode is utilized for sampling rates up to
54kHz. The delta-sigma modulator oversamples the
analog input signal by a rate equal to 128 times the desired
output sampling rate.
Table 2. Sampling Mode Selection for PCM
Master Mode Operation
Dual Rate mode is utilized for sampling rates higher than
54kHz and up to 108kHz. The delta-sigma modulator
oversamples the analog input signal by a rate equal to 64
times the desired output sampling rate.
FS2
FS1
FS0
SAMPLING MODE WITH
SYSTEM CLOCK RATE
0
0
0
Single Rate with fSCKI = 768fS
0
0
1
Single Rate with fSCKI = 512fS
0
1
0
Single Rate with fSCKI = 384fS
Quad Rate mode is utilized for sampling frequencies
higher than 108kHz and up to 216kHz. The delta-sigma
modulator oversamples the analog input signal by a rate
equal to 32 times the desired output sampling rate.
0
1
1
Single Rate with fSCKI = 256fS
1
0
0
Dual Rate with fSCKI = 384fS
1
0
1
Dual Rate with fSCKI = 256fS
1
1
0
Quad Rate with fSCKI = 192fS
For DSD output data, the user may select either 64fS or
128fS oversampled data rates, where fS is the base
sampling rate, which is 44.1kHz for Super Audio CD
(SACD) applications. The 64fS data rate is analogous to
the Dual Rate PCM sampling mode, where the analog
input signal is oversampled by a rate equal to 64 times the
base sampling rate. The 128fS data rate corresponds to
the Single Rate PCM sampling mode, where the analog
input signal is oversampled by a rate equal to 128 times the
base sampling rate. For DSD input data, the rate of the
data must be known in order to configure the digital
decimation filter for either 1/64 or 1/128 operation.
1
1
1
Quad Rate with fSCKI = 128fS
Table 1 indicates the sampling mode utilized for common
system clock and sampling rate combinations. The FS0
(pin 12), FS1 (pin 13), and FS2 (pin 14) inputs are utilized
to select the sampling mode for the PCM4204. If the state
16
Table 3. Sampling Mode Selection for PCM Slave
Mode Operation
FS2
FS1
FS0
SAMPLING MODE
0
0
0
Single Rate with Clock Auto-Detection
0
0
1
Dual Rate with Clock Auto-Detection
0
1
0
Quad Rate with Clock Auto-Detection
0
1
1
Reserved
1
0
0
Reserved
1
0
1
Reserved
1
1
0
Reserved
1
1
1
Reserved
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SBAS327A − JUNE 2004 − REVISED SEPTEMBER 2004
Table 4. Sampling Mode Selection for DSD
Output Mode Operation
128fS DSD Output Rate with fSCKI = 384fS
128fS DSD Output Rate with fSCKI = 256fS
In Master mode, the PCM bit and left/right clocks (BCK and
LRCK respectively) are configured as output pins, and are
derived from the system clock input (SCKI). For the DSD
data and clock pins (DSD1, DSD2, DSD3, DSD4, and
DSDCLK), they may be configured as either inputs or
outputs, depending upon the DSD format selection. Table
7 summarizes the corresponding Master mode data format
selections.
1
64fS DSD Output Rate with fSCKI = 384fS
64fS DSD Output Rate with fSCKI = 256fS
Figure 3, Figure 4, and Figure 5 illustrate the PCM and
DSD data formats supported by the PCM4204.
1
0
Reserved
1
1
Reserved
FS2
FS1
FS0
SAMPLING MODE
0
0
0
0
0
1
128fS DSD Output Rate with fSCKI = 768fS
128fS DSD Output Rate with fSCKI = 512fS
0
1
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
Table 6. Slave Mode Audio Data Format Selection
S/M
FMT2
FMT1
FMT0
AUDIO DATA FORMAT
Table 5. Sampling Mode Selection for DSD Input
Mode Operation
1
0
0
0
24-bit Left-Justified
1
0
0
1
24-bit I2S
FS2
FS1
FS0
SAMPLING MODE
1
0
1
0
24-bit Right-Justified
0
0
0
Reserved
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
TDM with No BCK Delay for
Start of Frame
0
1
0
128fS DSD Output Rate with fSCKI = 512fS
128fS DSD Output Rate with fSCKI = 384fS
1
1
0
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
128fS DSD Output Rate with fSCKI = 256fS
64fS DSD Output Rate with fSCKI = 384fS
TDM with One BCK Delay for
Start of Frame
1
1
0
1
Reserved
1
0
1
1
1
1
0
Reserved
1
1
0
64fS DSD Output Rate with fSCKI = 256fS
Reserved
1
1
1
1
Reserved
1
1
1
Reserved
Table 7. Master Mode Audio Data Format
Selection
AUDIO DATA FORMATS
As mentioned previously, the PCM4204 supports 24-bit
linear PCM output data, as well as 1-bit DSD output data.
The available data formats are dependent upon whether
the PCM4204 is configured in Slave or Master mode. The
S/M (pin 17), FMT0 (pin 18), FMT1 (pin 19), and FMT2 (pin
20) inputs are utilized to select either Slave or Master
mode and the corresponding audio data format.
S/M
FMT2
FMT1
FMT0
AUDIO DATA FORMAT
0
0
0
0
24-bit Left-Justified
0
0
0
1
24-bit I2S
0
0
1
0
24-bit Right-Justified
0
0
1
1
DSD Output with PCM Output
Disabled
In Slave mode, the PCM bit and left/right word clocks (BCK
and LRCK) are configured as input pins. DSD data formats
are not supported in Slave mode. Slave mode supports
commonly used PCM audio data formats, including LeftJustified, Right-Justified, and Philips I2S. Time division
multiplexed (TDM) data formats are also supported,
allowing up to two PCM4204 devices to be cascaded on
a single audio serial bus. Table 6 summarizes the
corresponding Slave mode data format selections.
0
1
0
0
DSD Input with 24−Bit RightJustified PCM Output
0
1
0
1
Reserved
0
1
1
0
Reserved
0
1
1
1
Reserved
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SBAS327A − JUNE 2004 − REVISED SEPTEMBER 2004
Ch. 2 (SDOUT1) or Ch. 4 (SDOUT2)
Ch. 1 (SDOUT1) or Ch. 3 (SDOUT2)
LRCKI
BCKI
SDOUT1
SDOUT2
MSB
LSB
MSB
LSB
(a) Left−Justified Data Format
LRCKI
BCKI
SDOUT1
SDOUT2
MSB
LSB
MSB
LSB
(b) Right−Justified Data Format
LRCKI
BCKI
SDOUT1
SDOUT2
MSB
LSB
MSB
LSB
(c) I 2S Data Format
1/fS
Figure 3. PCM Data Formats: Left-Justified, Right-Justified, and Philips I2S
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TDM Data Format − Long Frame (Single and Dual Rate Sampling Modes)
LRCK
No BCK Delay
LRCK
One BCK Delay
SDOUT1
Supports 8 Channels, or
two PCM4204 devices.
Slot 1
Slot 2
Slot 3
Slot 4
Slot 5
Slot 6
Slot 7
Slot 8
Ch. 1
Ch. 2
Ch. 3
Ch. 4
Ch. 1
Ch. 2
Ch. 3
Ch. 4
Sub−Frame 0
(SUB = 0)
Sub−Frame 1
(SUB = 1)
One Frame
BCK = 256fS
TDM Data Format − Short Frame (All Sampling Modes)
LRCK
No BCK Delay
LRCK
One BCK Delay
SDOUT1
Supports 4 Channels, or
two PCM4204 devices.
Slot 1
Slot 2
Slot 3
Slot 4
Slot 5
Slot 6
Slot 7
Slot 8
Ch. 1
Ch. 2
Ch. 3
Ch. 4
Ch. 1
Ch. 2
Ch. 3
Ch. 4
One Frame
BCK = 128fS
(the SUB pin is ignored when using a Short Frame)
In the case of BCK = 256fS, each time slot is 32 bits long and contains the 24−bit audio data for the corresponding channel.
The audio data is left−justified in the time slot, with the the least significant 8 bits of each time slot being don’t care bits.
Audio data is always presented in two’s complement, MSB−first format.
Figure 4. PCM Data Formats: Time Division Multiplexed (TDM)
DSDCLK
DSD1
DSD2
DSD3
DSD4
DN−3 DN−2 DN−1 DN DN+1 DN+2 DN+3 DN+4
Figure 5. DSD Input and Output Data Format
AUDIO SERIAL PORT OPERATION
This section provides additional details regarding the
PCM4204 audio serial port, utilized for 24-bit linear PCM
output data. The serial port is comprised of four signals:
BCK (pin 29), LRCK (pin 30), SDOUT1 (pin 31), and
SDOUT2 (pin 32). The BCK signal functions as the data (or
bit) clock for the serial audio data. The LRCK is the
left/right word or TDM frame synchronization clock for the
audio serial port. The LRCK and BCK clocks must be
synchronous. The SDOUT1 and SDOUT2 signals are the
serial audio data outputs, with data being clocked out on
the falling edge of the BCK clock. SDOUT1 carries data for
Channels 1 and 2 when using Left-Justified, RightJustified, or I2S data formats. SDOUT1 carries data for all
four channels when using TDM data formats. SDOUT2
carries data for Channels 3 and 4 when using LeftJustified, Right-Justified, or I2S data formats. SDOUT2 is
forced low when using TDM data formats.
As mentioned in the Audio Data Format section of this
datasheet, the audio serial port can operate in Master or
Slave mode. In Master mode, the BCK and LRCK clock
signals are outputs, derived from the system clock input,
SCKI. The BCK clock is fixed at 128fS for Single Rate
sampling mode, and at 64fS for Dual or Quad Rate
sampling modes. The LRCK clock operates at fS, the
output sampling rate (that is, 48kHz, 96kHz, etc.).
19
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SBAS327A − JUNE 2004 − REVISED SEPTEMBER 2004
In Slave mode, the BCK and LRCK signals are inputs, with
the clocks being generated by a master timing source,
such as a DSP serial port, PLL clock synthesizer, or a
crystal oscillator/divider circuit. For Left Justified, Right
Justified, and I2S data formats, the BCK rate is typically
128fS in Single Rate sampling mode, and 64fS in Dual or
Quad Rate sampling modes. Although other BCK clock
rates are possible, they are not recommended due to the
potential for clock phase sensitivity issues, which may
degrade the dynamic performance of the PCM4204. The
LRCK clock operates at fS, the output sampling rate.
In Slave mode, the TDM data formats support a BCK clock
rate of 256fS for Long Frame operation, and 128fS for Short
Frame operation. The length and rate of the TDM frame is
auto−detected by the audio serial port. Long Frame
operation is supported for Single and Dual rate sampling
modes only. Short Frame operation is supported for all
sampling modes.
For the TDM data formats, the maximum BCK rate is
27.648MHz for either Long or Short Frame operation. The
LRCK clock operates at fS, the output sampling rate. The
minimum clock high time for the LRCK clock is one BCK
clock period. The start of frame is referenced to the rising
edge of the LRCK signal.
Figure 6 illustrates the typical audio serial port
connections between a PCM4204 and an audio signal
processor when using Left-Justified, Right-Justified, and
I2S data formats in either Slave or Master modes.
DSP
Sub-frame selection for Long Frame TDM operation is
accomplished by using the SUB input (pin 39). When SUB
= 0, the PCM4204 is assigned to sub-frame 0. The
SDOUT1 pin will be driven during sub-frame 0 and
tri-stated during sub-frame 1. When SUB = 1, the
PCM4204 is assigned to sub-frame 1. The SDOUT1 pin
will be driven during sub-frame 1 and tri-stated during
sub-frame 0. For Short Frame TDM operation, the SUB pin
is ignored, although driving or hardwiring the SUB pin low
is an acceptable practice. Figure 7 shows two PCM4204
devices and an audio DSP in a typical TDM format
application.
PCM4204
FSR
CLKR
LRCK
BCK
DR0
SDOUT1
DR1
SDOUT2
SCKI
System Clock
Figure 8 and Figure 9 illustrate the PCM4204 audio serial
port timing for both Master and Slave mode operation.
Figure 6. Typical Audio Serial Port Connections
for Left-Justified, Right-Justified, and Philips I2S
Data Formats
Device #1
(Sub−Frame 0)
PCM4204
DSP
FSR
CLKR
DR
LRCK
BCK
SDOUT1
SUB
SCKI
Device #2
(Sub−Frame 1)
PCM4204
LRCK
BCK
SDOUT1
SUB
VCC
System Clock
Figure 7. TDM Connections for Two PCM4204 Devices and an Audio DSP
20
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SBAS327A − JUNE 2004 − REVISED SEPTEMBER 2004
t LRCKP
t LRCKHL
t LRCKHL
LRCK
BCK
t BCKP
t BCKHL
SDOUT1
SDOUT2
t BCKDO
PA R A M E TER
D ES C R IP T IO N
M IN
MAX
U N IT S
t LRCKP
t LRCKHL
LRCK Period
LRCK High/Low Time
5
2.25
µs
µs
t BCKP
t BCKHL
BCK Period
BCK High/Low Time
SDOUT Data Output Delay from BCK Falling Edge
78
35
ns
ns
ns
t BCKDO
10
Figure 8. Master and Slave Mode Audio Serial Port Timing: Left-Justified, Right-Justified, and Philips I2S
One Frame 1/fS
t LRCKPW
LRCK
BCK
t BCKHL
t BCKP
SDOUT1
t BCKDO
P A R A M ET E R
M IN
M AX
U N IT S
LRCK Period Width
tBCKP
1/fS −tBCKP
µs
t BCKP
BCK Period
39
t BCKHL
BCK High/Low Time
17.5
t BCKDO
SDOUT Data Output Delay from BCK Falling Edge
t LRCKPW
D E SC R IPTIO N
ns
ns
10
ns
Figure 9. Slave Mode Audio Serial Port Timing: Time Division Multiplexed (TDM) Formats
21
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SBAS327A − JUNE 2004 − REVISED SEPTEMBER 2004
DSD DATA PORT OPERATION
HIGH-PASS FILTER
The DSD data port consists of a single DSD data clock
signal, DSDCLK (pin 24), along with four synchronous
DSD data lines, DSD1 (pin 25), DSD2 (pin 26), DSD3 (pin
27), and DSD4 (pin 28). The data lines correspond to
Channels 1 through 4, respectively. The DSD output or
input data rate is determined by the sampling mode
settings for the device, discussed in the Sampling Modes
section of this datasheet.
A digital high-pass filter is available for removing the DC
component of the digitized input signal. The filter is located
at the output of the digital decimation filter, and is available
only when using PCM output data formats. The high-pass
filter can be enabled or disabled for all four channels using
the HPFD input (pin 38). Driving the HPFD input low
enables the high-pass filter. Driving the HPFD input high
disables the high-pass filter.
For DSD output data, the serial port is configured in Master
mode, with the DSDCLK derived from the system clock
input, SCKI. The DSDCLK is equivalent to the
oversampling clock supplied to the delta-sigma
modulators. The DSD data outputs, DSD1 through DSD4,
are synchronous to the DSDCLK. The clock and data lines
are then connected to a data capture device for storage
and processing.
The −3dB corner frequency for the high-pass filter scales
with the output sampling rate, where f−3dB = fS/48000,
where fS is the output sampling rate.
The DSD input mode, the data port is configured as an
input port, with DSD clock and data lines driven from an
external data source. The Audio Serial Port is configured
in Master mode, with the LRCK and BCK clocks derived
from the system clock input, SCKI. The PCM data format
is set to 24-bit Right-Justified. The input data is processed
by the digital decimation filter and output as PCM data at
the audio serial port.
Figure 10 illustrates the DSD port timing for both the DSD
output and input modes.
CLIPPING FLAGS
The PCM4204 includes a clipping flag output for each
channel. The outputs are designated CLIP1 (pin 34),
CLIP2 (pin 35), CLIP3 (pin 36), and CLIP4 (pin 37),
corresponding to Channels 1 through 4, respectively.
A clipping flag is forced high as soon as the digital output
of the decimation filter exceeds the full-scale range for the
corresponding channel. The clipping flag output is held
high for a maximum of (256 x N) / fS seconds, where N =
128 for Single Rate sampling mode, 256 for Dual Rate
sampling mode, and 512 for Quad Rate sampling mode.
If the decimation filter output does not exceed the full-scale
range during the initial hold period, the output returns to a
low state upon termination of the hold period.
DSDCLK
t DCKP
t DCKHL
DSD1
DSD2
Input
DSD3
DSD4
t DS
DSD1
DSD2
DSD3
DSD4
t DH
Output
t DCKDO
PA R A M E TER
D E SC R IP TIO N
M IN
t DCKP
DSDCLK Cycle Time
156
tDCKHL
DSDCLK High/Low Time
70
tDS
Data Setup Time
10
tDH
Data Hold Time
10
t DCKDO
DSD Data Output Delay from DSDCLK Falling
Figure 10. DSD Data Port Timing
22
MAX
U N IT S
ns
ns
10
ns
10
ns
10
ns
$%
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SBAS327A − JUNE 2004 − REVISED SEPTEMBER 2004
RESET OPERATION
The PCM4204 includes two reset functions: power-on and
externally controlled. This section describes the operation
of each of these functions.
On power-up, the internal reset signal is forced low, forcing
the PCM4204 into a reset state. The power-on reset circuit
monitors the VDD1, VDD2, VDD3, VCC1, and VCC2 power
supply. When the VDD supply exceeds +2.0V (±400mV)
and VDD1 and VDD2 supply exceeds +4.0V (±400mV), the
internal reset signal is forced high. The PCM4204 then
waits for the system clock input (SCKI) to become active.
Once the system clock has been detected, the initialization
sequence begins. The initialization sequence requires
1024 system clock periods for completion. During the
initialization sequence, the ADC output data pins are
forced low. Once the initialization sequence is completed,
the PCM4204 output is enabled. Figure 11 shows the
power-on reset sequence timing.
The user may force a reset initialization sequence at any
time while the system clock input is active by utilizing the
RST input (pin 10). The RST input is active low, and
requires a minimum low pulse width of 40ns. The
low-to-high transition of the applied reset signal forces an
initialization sequence to begin. As in the case of the
power-on reset, the initialization sequence requires 1024
system clock periods for completion. Figure 12 illustrates
the reset sequence initiated when using the RST input.
Figure 13 shows the state of the audio data outputs for the
PCM4204 before, during and after the reset operations.
~ 4.0V
VCC1
VCC2
0V
VDD1
VDD2
VDD3
Internal
Reset
~ 2.0V
0V
1024 System Clock Periods
Required for Initialization
0V
SCKI
0V
System Clock
Indeterminate
or Inactive
Figure 11. Power-On Reset Sequence
23
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SBAS327A − JUNE 2004 − REVISED SEPTEMBER 2004
t
RSTL
> 40ns
RST
0V
1024 System Clock Periods
Required for Initialization
Internal
Reset
0V
SCKI
0V
Figure 12. External Reset Sequence
Internal
Reset
Output
Data Pins
HI
LO
Valid Output Data
Outputs are Forced Low
Outputs are Forced Low
for 1024 SCKI Periods
Valid Output Data
Initialization
Period
Figure 13. ADC Digital Output State for Reset Operations
24
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SBAS327A − JUNE 2004 − REVISED SEPTEMBER 2004
POWER-DOWN OPERATION
The PCM4204 can be forced to a power-down state by
applying a low level to the RST input (pin 10) for a minimum
of 65,536 system clock cycles. In power-down mode, all
internal clocks are stopped, and output data pins are
forced low. The system clock may then be removed to
conserve additional power. Before exiting power-down
mode, the system and audio clocks should be restarted.
Once the clocks are active, the RST input may be driven
high, which initiates a reset initialization sequence.
Figure 14 illustrates the state of the output data pins
before, during, and upon exiting the power-down state.
APPLICATIONS INFORMATION
A typical connection diagram for the PCM4204 is shown
in Figure 15. Capacitors for power supply and reference
bypassing are shown with recommended values. Bypass
capacitors should be located as close as possible to the
power supply and reference pins of the PCM4204. Due to
its small size, the 0.1µF capacitor can be located on the
component (top) side of the board, while the larger 33µF
capacitor can be located on the solder (bottom) side of the
board.
A single ground plane is utilized for the analog and digital
ground connections. This approach ensures a low
impedance connection between the analog, digital, and
substrate ground pins. The +5V analog and +3.3V digital
power connections are provided from separate supplies.
Figure 16 illustrates an example input buffer circuit,
designed for balanced differential input signals. This circuit
is utilized on the PCM4204EVM evaluation board. The
2.7nF and 100pF capacitors shown at the output of the
buffer should be located as close as possible to the analog
input pins of the PCM4204. The buffer shown in Figure 16
can be easily made to function as a single ended to
differential converter by simply grounding the (−) input
terminal of the buffer circuit.
The input impedance for the VCOMIN pin of the OPA1632
is relatively low and will load down the VCOM12 or VCOM34
outputs from the PCM4204. A voltage follower circuit is
required to buffer these outputs, with a typical circuit
configuration shown in Figure 17. An OPA227 is utilized as
the buffer for the PCM4204EVM evaluation board.
However, alternative op amps with comparable
performance may be substituted.
HI
RST
LO
Output
Data Pins
Valid Output Data
Outputs are
Forced Low
65,536
SCKI Periods
Outputs are
Forced Low
Outputs are
Forced Low
Enter
Power Down
State
1024
SCKI Periods
Required for
Initialization
Valid Output Data
Figure 14. ADC Digital Output State for Power-Down Operations
25
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SBAS327A − JUNE 2004 − REVISED SEPTEMBER 2004
100Ω
24
25
DSD Data
Storage or
Processing
26
27
28
DSDCLK
DSD1
DSD2
DSD3
VIN1−
DSD4
VIN1+
SCKI
VREF12+
BCK
VREF12−
1
100Ω
15
29
30
Master
Clock
PCM Audio
to
DSP, DIT, etc.
31
32
AGND4
LRCK
VCOM12
11
12
13
14
17
18
CONTROL
via
Logic, µP, etc.
19
20
34
35
36
37
38
39
33µF
64
63
33µF
+
0.1µF
0.1µF
62
61
SDOUT1
SDOUT2
VIN2+
10
A1
2
RST
VIN2−
59
A2
58
TEST
FS0
VIN3+
FS1
VIN3−
FS2
S/M
VCOM34
FMT0
AGND3
FMT1
FMT2
PCM4204
VREF34−
CLIP1
VREF34+
CLIP2
VIN4+
CLIP3
CLIP4
HPFD
SUB
VIN4−
VCC1
AGND1
55
A3
54
52
51
0.1µF
50
49
48
A4
47
33µF
+
5
6
0.1µF
+3.3VD
9
0.1µF
8
VDD1
DGND1
VCC2
+
AGND2
33µF
23
0.1µF
22
DGND2
+
33µF
40
0.1µF
41
VDD3
DGND3
+
16
33
42
43
0.1µF
+5VA
NC
NC
NC
NC
7
33µF
+
44
VDD2
NC
BGND1
NC
BGND2
NC
BGND3
NC
BGND4
NC
3
4
21
45
46
53
A1 through A4 are analog input buffers.
Refer to Figure 16 for an example circuit.
All capacitor values are in microfarads (µF).
The 0.1µF caps are X7R ceramic chip type.
The 33µF caps are Low ESR tantalum or
X7R multi−layer ceramic chip type.
56
57
60
Figure 15. Typical Connection Diagram
26
0.1µF
33µF
+
Analog
Inputs
$%
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SBAS327A − JUNE 2004 − REVISED SEPTEMBER 2004
270Ω
1nF
−15V
10µF
+
0.1µF
6
7
(+)
Differential
Analog Input
(−)
1kΩ
8
5
EN
OPA1632
1kΩ
1
To VIN−
40.2Ω
VOCM
100pF
40.2Ω
2.7nF
To VIN+
4
100pF
2
3
1kΩ
0.01µF
0.1µF
From
Buffered VCOM
in Figure 17.
10µF
+
+15V
1nF
270Ω
Figure 16. Example Input Buffer Circuit
OPA227
or equivalent
PCM4204
VCOM12
or
VCOM34
0.1µF
To
Buffered VCOM
in Figure 16.
Figure 17. Example Buffer Circuit for VCOM12 and VCOM34
27
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SBAS327A − JUNE 2004 − REVISED SEPTEMBER 2004
PowerPAD THERMALLY ENHANCED PACKAGING
The PowerPAD concept is implemented in standard epoxy
resin package material. The integrated circuit is attached
to the leadframe die pad using thermally conductive epoxy.
The package is molded so that the leadframe die pad is
exposed at a surface of the package. This provides an
extremely low thermal resistance to the path between the
IC junction and the exterior case. The external surface of
the leadframe die pad is located on the PCB side of the
package, allowing the die pad to be attached to the PCB
IC Die
using standard flow soldering techniques. This allows
efficient attachment to the PCB and permits the board
structure to be utilized as a heat sink for the package.
Using a thermal pad identical in size to the die pad and vias
connected to the PCB ground plane, the board designer
can now implement power packaging without additional
thermal hardware (for example, external heat sinks) or the
need for specialized assembly instructions.
Figure 18 illustrates a cross-section view of a PowerPAD
package.
Mold Compount
(Epoxy)
Wire Bond
Wire Bond
Leadframe Die Pad
Exposed at Base of Package
Die Attach Epoxy
(thermally conductive)
Leadframe
Figure 18. Cross-Section View of a PowerPAD Thermally-Enhanced Package
28
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SBAS327A − JUNE 2004 − REVISED SEPTEMBER 2004
PowerPAD PCB LAYOUT CONSIDERATIONS FOR
THE PCM4204
Figure 19 shows the recommended layer structure for
thermal management when using a PowerPad package
on a 4-layer printed circuit board design. Note that the
thermal pad is placed on both the top and bottom sides of
the board. The ground plane is utilized as the heat sink,
while the power plane is thermally isolated from the
thermal vias.
Figure 20 shows the required thermal pad etch pattern for
the 64-lead HTQFP package used for the PCM4204. Nine
13 mil (0.33 mm) thermal vias plated with 1 oz. copper are
placed within the thermal pad area for the purpose of
connecting the pad to the ground plane layer. The ground
plane is utilized as a heatsink in this application. It is very
important that the thermal via diameter be no larger than
13mils in order to avoid solder wicking during the reflow
process. Solder wicking results in thermal voids that
reduce heat dissipation efficiency and hampers heat flow
away from the IC die.
The via connections to the thermal pad and internal ground
plane should be plated completely around the hole, as
opposed to the typical web or spoke thermal relief
connection. Plating entirely around the thermal via
provides the most efficient thermal connection to the
ground plane.
ADDITIONAL PowerPAD PACKAGE
INFORMATION
Texas Instruments publishes the PowerPAD Thermally
Enhanced Package Application Report (TI literature
number SLMA002), available for download at www.ti.com,
which provides a more detailed discussion of PowerPAD
design and layout considerations. Before attempting a
board layout with the PCM4204, it is recommended that
the hardware engineer and/or layout designer be familiar
with the information contained in this document.
9/20/2004
Package
Thermal Pad
Component
Traces
13mils (0.33mm)
Component (top) Side
Thermal Via
Ground Plane
Power Plane
Thermal Isolation
(power plane only)
Solder (bottom) Side
Package
Thermal Pad
(bottom trace)
Figure 19. Recommended PCB Structure for a 4−Layer Board
29
$%
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118mils (3mm)
40mils (1mm)
40mils (1mm)
SBAS327A − JUNE 2004 − REVISED SEPTEMBER 2004
Package Outline
Thermal Pad
40mils (1mm)
40mils (1mm)
118mils (3mm)
316mils (8mm)
Thermal Via
13mils (0.33mm)
316mils (8mm)
Figure 20. Thermal Pad Etch and Via Pattern for the 64-Lead HTQFP Package
30
PACKAGE OPTION ADDENDUM
www.ti.com
11-Apr-2013
PACKAGING INFORMATION
Orderable Device
Status
(1)
Package Type Package Pins Package
Drawing
Qty
Eco Plan
Lead/Ball Finish
(2)
MSL Peak Temp
Op Temp (°C)
Top-Side Markings
(3)
(4)
PCM4204PAPR
ACTIVE
HTQFP
PAP
64
1500
Green (RoHS
& no Sb/Br)
CU NIPDAU
Level-3-260C-168 HR
-10 to 70
PCM4204
PCM4204PAPRG4
ACTIVE
HTQFP
PAP
64
1500
Green (RoHS
& no Sb/Br)
CU NIPDAU
Level-3-260C-168 HR
-10 to 70
PCM4204
PCM4204PAPT
ACTIVE
HTQFP
PAP
64
250
Green (RoHS
& no Sb/Br)
CU NIPDAU
Level-3-260C-168 HR
-10 to 70
PCM4204
PCM4204PAPTG4
ACTIVE
HTQFP
PAP
64
250
Green (RoHS
& no Sb/Br)
CU NIPDAU
Level-3-260C-168 HR
-10 to 70
PCM4204
(1)
The marketing status values are defined as follows:
ACTIVE: Product device recommended for new designs.
LIFEBUY: TI has announced that the device will be discontinued, and a lifetime-buy period is in effect.
NRND: Not recommended for new designs. Device is in production to support existing customers, but TI does not recommend using this part in a new design.
PREVIEW: Device has been announced but is not in production. Samples may or may not be available.
OBSOLETE: TI has discontinued the production of the device.
(2)
Eco Plan - The planned eco-friendly classification: Pb-Free (RoHS), Pb-Free (RoHS Exempt), or Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) - please check http://www.ti.com/productcontent for the latest availability
information and additional product content details.
TBD: The Pb-Free/Green conversion plan has not been defined.
Pb-Free (RoHS): TI's terms "Lead-Free" or "Pb-Free" mean semiconductor products that are compatible with the current RoHS requirements for all 6 substances, including the requirement that
lead not exceed 0.1% by weight in homogeneous materials. Where designed to be soldered at high temperatures, TI Pb-Free products are suitable for use in specified lead-free processes.
Pb-Free (RoHS Exempt): This component has a RoHS exemption for either 1) lead-based flip-chip solder bumps used between the die and package, or 2) lead-based die adhesive used between
the die and leadframe. The component is otherwise considered Pb-Free (RoHS compatible) as defined above.
Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br): TI defines "Green" to mean Pb-Free (RoHS compatible), and free of Bromine (Br) and Antimony (Sb) based flame retardants (Br or Sb do not exceed 0.1% by weight
in homogeneous material)
(3)
MSL, Peak Temp. -- The Moisture Sensitivity Level rating according to the JEDEC industry standard classifications, and peak solder temperature.
(4)
Multiple Top-Side Markings will be inside parentheses. Only one Top-Side Marking contained in parentheses and separated by a "~" will appear on a device. If a line is indented then it is a
continuation of the previous line and the two combined represent the entire Top-Side Marking for that device.
Important Information and Disclaimer:The information provided on this page represents TI's knowledge and belief as of the date that it is provided. TI bases its knowledge and belief on information
provided by third parties, and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of such information. Efforts are underway to better integrate information from third parties. TI has taken and
continues to take reasonable steps to provide representative and accurate information but may not have conducted destructive testing or chemical analysis on incoming materials and chemicals.
TI and TI suppliers consider certain information to be proprietary, and thus CAS numbers and other limited information may not be available for release.
In no event shall TI's liability arising out of such information exceed the total purchase price of the TI part(s) at issue in this document sold by TI to Customer on an annual basis.
Addendum-Page 1
Samples
PACKAGE OPTION ADDENDUM
www.ti.com
11-Apr-2013
Addendum-Page 2
PACKAGE MATERIALS INFORMATION
www.ti.com
29-May-2013
TAPE AND REEL INFORMATION
*All dimensions are nominal
Device
PCM4204PAPR
Package Package Pins
Type Drawing
HTQFP
PAP
64
SPQ
Reel
Reel
A0
Diameter Width (mm)
(mm) W1 (mm)
1500
330.0
24.8
Pack Materials-Page 1
13.0
B0
(mm)
K0
(mm)
P1
(mm)
W
Pin1
(mm) Quadrant
13.0
1.5
16.0
24.0
Q2
PACKAGE MATERIALS INFORMATION
www.ti.com
29-May-2013
*All dimensions are nominal
Device
Package Type
Package Drawing
Pins
SPQ
Length (mm)
Width (mm)
Height (mm)
PCM4204PAPR
HTQFP
PAP
64
1500
367.0
367.0
45.0
Pack Materials-Page 2
www.ti.com
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help enable customers to design and create their own end-product solutions that meet applicable functional safety standards and
requirements. Nonetheless, such components are subject to these terms.
No TI components are authorized for use in FDA Class III (or similar life-critical medical equipment) unless authorized officers of the parties
have executed a special agreement specifically governing such use.
Only those TI components which TI has specifically designated as military grade or “enhanced plastic” are designed and intended for use in
military/aerospace applications or environments. Buyer acknowledges and agrees that any military or aerospace use of TI components
which have not been so designated is solely at the Buyer's risk, and that Buyer is solely responsible for compliance with all legal and
regulatory requirements in connection with such use.
TI has specifically designated certain components as meeting ISO/TS16949 requirements, mainly for automotive use. In any case of use of
non-designated products, TI will not be responsible for any failure to meet ISO/TS16949.
Products
Applications
Audio
www.ti.com/audio
Automotive and Transportation
www.ti.com/automotive
Amplifiers
amplifier.ti.com
Communications and Telecom
www.ti.com/communications
Data Converters
dataconverter.ti.com
Computers and Peripherals
www.ti.com/computers
DLP® Products
www.dlp.com
Consumer Electronics
www.ti.com/consumer-apps
DSP
dsp.ti.com
Energy and Lighting
www.ti.com/energy
Clocks and Timers
www.ti.com/clocks
Industrial
www.ti.com/industrial
Interface
interface.ti.com
Medical
www.ti.com/medical
Logic
logic.ti.com
Security
www.ti.com/security
Power Mgmt
power.ti.com
Space, Avionics and Defense
www.ti.com/space-avionics-defense
Microcontrollers
microcontroller.ti.com
Video and Imaging
www.ti.com/video
RFID
www.ti-rfid.com
OMAP Applications Processors
www.ti.com/omap
TI E2E Community
e2e.ti.com
Wireless Connectivity
www.ti.com/wirelessconnectivity
Mailing Address: Texas Instruments, Post Office Box 655303, Dallas, Texas 75265
Copyright © 2016, Texas Instruments Incorporated
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