ZEN 2011 (blue edition) Service Pack 1

ZEN 2011 (blue edition) Service Pack 1
Manual
ZEN 2011 (blue edition) Service Pack 1
Printed 06/2012
Content
Manual
Content
1
Legal notes
14
2
Introduction
16
2.1
Whats new?
16
2.1.1
Design dark/light
16
2.1.2
Show all mode
17
2.1.3
Multi columns layout
17
2.1.4
Interactive light path configuration
18
2.1.5
Workspace zoom
19
2.1.6
Workspace configuration
19
2.1.7
Automatic scaling
20
2.1.8
Digital Movie Recorder
20
2.2
Concept
21
2.2.1
Image Acquisition
21
2.2.2
Image Processing
21
2.2.3
Image Analysis
21
2.2.4
Documentation
22
3
First steps with ZEN blue software
23
3.1
Start ZEN blue software
23
3.2
Program interface
23
3.2.1
Title bar
24
3.2.2
Menu bar
25
3.2.3
Workspace configuration
25
3.2.4
Tool bar
25
3.2.5
Left Tool Area
26
3.2.6
Center Screen Area
26
3.2.7
Document bar
27
3.2.8
Right Tool Area
28
3.2.9
Status Bar
28
- List of System Messages
30
3.3
Set user language
30
3.4
Adjust workspace appearance
31
Carl Zeiss Microscopy GmbH
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Manual
Content
3.4.1
Select design
31
3.4.2
Show/hide areas
31
3.4.3
Undock/dock tool window
31
3.4.4
Show all mode of tool windows
32
3.5
Acquire a first image with ZEN blue
32
3.6
Close ZEN blue software
33
4
Menus
34
4.1
File menu
34
4.2
Edit menu
35
4.3
View menu
35
4.4
Acquisition menu
36
4.5
Graphic menu
37
4.6
Tools menu
38
4.6.1
Modules Manager dialog
38
4.6.2
Customize Toolbar dialog
39
4.6.3
Scaling dialog
40
- Scaling Wizard
41
Options dialog
41
- General
41
- Startup
42
- Naming
42
- Saving
43
- Documents
43
- Acquisition
44
- User
45
- Data Tables
46
4.7
Window menu
46
4.8
Help menu
47
5
Main tabs
48
5.1
Locate tab
48
4.6.4
5.1.1
4
Configure Favorites
49
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Content
Manual
5.2
Camera tab (ZEN lite)
50
5.3
Acquisition tab
50
5.3.1
Experiment Manager
52
- Options
52
5.3.2
Smart Setup
53
5.3.3
Action buttons
53
5.3.4
Acquisition Dimensions
54
- Acquisition Sequence
54
5.3.5
Experiment Preview
56
5.3.6
Acquisition dialog window
58
- Add Dye or Contrast Technique dialog window
58
- Smart Setup Dialog
60
5.4
Processing tab
62
5.5
Analysis tab
63
5.6
Reporting tab
63
6
Tools (blue tools)
65
6.1
Microscope Components tool (ZEN lite)
65
6.2
Light Path tool
65
6.2.1
Reflected/Transmitted Light Path
66
6.2.2
Microscope Manager
68
6.2.3
Stage Control
68
6.2.4
Focus Control
70
6.3
6.3.1
Camera tool
71
Settings section
72
- Options
72
6.3.2
Exposure section
73
6.3.3
White Balance section
73
6.3.4
Mode section
74
6.3.5
Acquisition ROI section
74
6.3.6
Post-Processing section
75
6.3.7
Trigger Control section
76
6.3.8
Model Specific section
77
Software Autofocus tool
77
6.4
Carl Zeiss Microscopy GmbH
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Manual
Content
6.5
Movie Recorder tool
78
6.6
Light Path Settings tool
79
6.6.1
Before Experiment/After Experiment section
79
- Options
80
6.6.2
Acquisition Light Path section
80
6.6.3
Hardware Setting section
81
6.7
81
6.7.1
Selected Camera section
82
6.7.2
Settings From Locate Tab section
82
6.7.3
White Balance section
82
6.7.4
Mode section
83
6.7.5
Acquisition ROI section
83
6.7.6
Post-Processing section
84
6.7.7
Trigger Control section
85
6.7.8
Model Specific section
86
6.7.9
Other Devices section
86
6.7.10
Fast Acquisition section
86
6.8
6.8.1
6.8.2
6.9
Channels tool
87
Channels list
87
- Options
88
Channel-specific settings
89
- Light Source section
89
- Camera Settings section
89
Experiment Designer tool
90
6.9.1
Enable Experiment Designer section
91
6.9.2
Acquisition Block section
91
6.9.3
Add Special Block section
91
- Options
92
6.9.4
One Image File Per Acquisition Block section
92
6.9.5
Loops and Repetitions section
92
6.10
6
Acquisition Mode tool
Z-Stack tool
93
6.10.1
Automatic Configuration
93
6.10.2
Manual Configuration
94
- First/Last acquisition mode
95
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Content
- Center acquisition mode
6.11
Tiles tool
Manual
95
96
6.11.1
Advanced Setup section
96
6.11.2
Add Tile Region section
96
6.11.3
Add Position section
97
6.11.4
Tile Regions and Positions section
97
- Tile Regions tab
97
- Positions tab
98
6.11.5
Options section
99
6.11.6
Sample Carrier section
99
6.11.7
Focus Surface section
100
6.12
Panorama tool
100
6.13
Time Series tool
100
6.13.1
Duration section
101
6.13.2
Interval section
101
6.13.3
Start/Stop/Pause section
102
6.13.4
Buttons section
102
6.14
Information on Experiment tool
103
6.15
Interactive Measurement tool
104
6.15.1
Features section
104
6.15.2
Feature Subset section
104
6.15.3
Measurement Procedure section
105
6.15.4
Create Measurement Data Table button
105
6.15.5
Interactive Measurement dialog windows
105
- Feature Selection dialog window
105
- Define Feature Subset dialog window
107
- Define Interactive Measurement Procedure dialog window
108
- Interactive Measurement Procedure dialog
109
6.16
Image Analysis tool
110
6.16.1
Image Analysis Wizard section
110
6.16.2
Programs section
111
6.16.3
The Image Analysis Wizard
111
- Step 1 - Program
111
- Step 2 - Classes
112
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Manual
Content
6.17
112
- Step 4 - Threshold Values
114
- Step 5 - Condition
120
- Step 6 - Interactive Segmentation
122
- Step 7 - Measurement Features
124
- Step 8 - Measure
125
Report tool
126
6.17.1
Report Management section
126
6.17.2
Options
127
7
Image views
7.1
2D View
7.1.1
7.1.2
7.2
7.2.1
7.3
7.3.1
7.3.2
7.4
7.4.1
8
- Step 3 - Measurement Frames
128
128
Navigator window
128
- Enlarging the image area
128
- Moving the region of interest
129
- Enlarging the Navigator window
129
- Moving the Navigator window
129
2D View context menu
130
Gallery View
131
View specific controls
131
- Gallery Tools tab
131
- Gallery Appearance tab
133
2,5D View
133
2.5D View tool bars
133
- Left tool bar
133
- Bottom tool bar
134
View specific controls
134
- 2.5D Display tab
134
- Series tab
135
- 2.5D Display Options tab
136
Histo View
136
View specific controls
136
- Histo Definition tab
136
- Histo View tab
138
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Content
7.5
7.5.1
7.6
7.6.1
7.7
Profile View
Manual
139
View specific controls
140
- Profile Definition tab
140
- Profile View tab
141
Measure View
141
View specific controls
142
- Measure tab
142
Info View
143
7.7.1
General section
144
7.7.2
File section
144
7.7.3
Image Dimensions section
145
7.7.4
Acquisition section
146
7.7.5
Info View dialog window
148
- Edit Scaling dialog window
148
7.8
Split View
149
7.9
Ortho View
149
7.9.1
7.10
7.10.1
7.11
7.11.1
7.11.2
View specific controls
150
- Ortho Display tab
150
Cut View
151
View specific controls
151
- Cut Display tab
151
3D View
151
Tool bars
152
- Left tool bar
153
- Tool bar bottom
153
- Right tool bar
154
View specific controls
155
- 3D tab
155
- Appearance tab
157
- Clipping Planes tab
160
- Series tab
161
- Measure tab
164
- 3D Graphics tab
166
Carl Zeiss Microscopy GmbH
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Manual
Content
- Renderer tab
7.12
Colocalization View
167
7.12.1
X/Y Scatter Plot
168
7.12.2
Colocalization table
168
- Region
168
- Quadrant
168
- Pixel Number
168
- Area (µm²)
169
- Relative Area (%)
169
- Pearson's Correlation Coefficient
169
- Manders' Correlation Coefficient
169
- Coloc. Coefficient 1
169
- Coloc. Coefficient 2
170
- CC (weighted) 1
170
- CC (weighted) 2
170
- Average Intensity 1
170
- Average Intensity 2
170
- Standard Deviation 1
171
- Standard Deviation 2
171
- Z Index
171
- T Index
171
- Relative Time
171
- Relative Focus
171
View specific controls
171
- Colocalization tab
171
7.12.3
7.13
7.13.1
7.14
Analysis View
174
View specific controls
175
- Analysis tab
175
Panorama View
175
7.14.1
Stage View
176
7.14.2
Tools window
176
7.15
7.15.1
10
166
General view controls
176
Dimensions tab
176
- Slider section
176
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Content
Manual
- Zoom section
177
- Tools section
178
- Channels section
179
- Reuse button
180
Display tab
181
- Display Histogram section
182
7.15.3
Player tab
183
7.15.4
Graphics tab
184
- Tool Bar section
184
- Planes section
185
- Graphic Elements list
186
- Dimensions section
187
- Graphics dialog window
188
Tiles Advanced Setup View
193
7.15.2
7.16
7.16.1
Stage View
193
7.16.2
Tools window
194
7.16.3
View specific controls
194
- Carrier tab
194
- Tile Region Setup tab
194
- Tile Region Properties tab
196
- Position Setup tab
197
- Position Properties tab
198
8
View mode
8.1
Full Screen mode
200
8.2
Exposé mode
200
8.3
Splitter mode
200
8.3.1
200
Split Display tab
201
9
Reporting views
203
9.1
Report preview
203
9.2
Report view
203
10
File Browser
10.1
Tools tab
Carl Zeiss Microscopy GmbH
205
205
11
Manual
Content
11
Image processing functions
11.1
Deconvolution group
206
11.1.1
Deconvolution (defaults)
206
11.1.2
Deconvolution (adjustable)
206
11.1.3
Deconvolution (adjustable) parameters
206
- Deconvolution tab
206
- PSF Settings tab
210
11.2
Adjust group
214
11.2.1
Color Balance
214
11.2.2
Hue/Saturation/Brightness
215
11.2.3
White Balance
215
11.2.4
Color Temperature
216
11.2.5
Brightness/Contrast/Gamma
216
11.2.6
Z-Stack Correction
217
11.2.7
Shading Correction
217
11.3
Geometric group
218
11.3.1
Channel Alignment
218
11.3.2
Z-Stack Alignment
219
11.3.3
Stitching
220
11.3.4
Rotate
221
11.3.5
Mirror
223
11.3.6
Resample
223
11.3.7
Shift
225
11.4
Sharpen group
225
11.4.1
Extended Depth of Focus
225
11.4.2
Delineate
226
11.4.3
Enhance Contour
226
11.4.4
Unsharp Mask
227
11.5
12
206
Smooth group
228
11.5.1
Median
228
11.5.2
Sigma
229
11.5.3
Lowpass
230
11.5.4
Binomial Filter
230
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Content
Manual
11.5.5
Gauss
231
11.5.6
Single Pixel Filter
232
11.6
Utilities group
232
11.6.1
Copy Annotations
232
11.6.2
Copy Image
232
11.6.3
Change Pixel Type
232
11.6.4
Create Image Subset
233
- Create Image Subset parameters
233
11.6.5
Fuse Image Subset
238
11.6.6
Create Gray Scale image
238
11.6.7
Image Calculator
238
11.6.8
Add Channels
238
11.6.9
Generate Pyramid
239
11.6.10
Calculate Histogram
239
- Column Selection dialog window
239
Split Scenes
240
11.6.11
11.7
11.7.1
11.7.2
11.7.3
11.7.4
11.7.5
Export/Import group
240
Image Export
240
- Image Export parameters
240
Movie Export
247
- Movie Export parameters
247
OME TIFF Export
253
- OME TIFF Export parameters
253
ZVI Export
258
- ZVI Export parameters
258
Image Import
259
- Image Import Parameters
259
Glossary
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Manual
Legal notes
1 Legal notes
Carl Zeiss draws the User's attention to the fact that the information and references contained in
these documents may be subject to technical modifications, in particular due to the continuous
further development of Carl Zeiss's products. The documents enclosed do not contain any war‐
ranty by Carl Zeiss with regard to the technical processes described in the documentation or to
certain reproduced product characteristics. Furthermore, Carl Zeiss shall not be held liable for
any possible printing errors or other inaccuracies in this documentation, unless proof can be fur‐
nished that any such errors or inaccuracies are already known by Carl Zeiss or that these are
not known to Carl Zeiss due to gross negligence and that furthermore Carl Zeiss has for these
reasons refrained from eliminating these errors or inaccuracies appropriately. Carl Zeiss hereby
explicitly draws the User's attention to the fact that this manual only contains a general descrip‐
tion of the technical processes and information, the implementation of which in any individual
case may not be appropriate in the form described here. In cases of doubt, we recommend the
User to consult Carl Zeiss.
This manual is protected by copyright. Carl Zeiss has reserved all rights to this documentation.
It is prohibited to make copies, partial copies, or to translate this manual into any other lan‐
guage, except for personal use.
Carl Zeiss explicitly draws attention to the fact that the information contained in this manual will
be updated regularly in compliance with the technical modifications and supplements carried out
in the products and furthermore that this manual only reflects the technical status of Carl Zeiss's
products at the time of printing.
Safety
Refer to the safety notes and instructions in the manuals of all necessary devices (e.g. micro‐
scope peripherals, cameras, computers, computer additionals, etc.) before installing and using
the software.
Disclaimer
The author is not responsible for any contents linked or referred to from his pages - unless he
has full knowledge of illegal contents and would be able to prevent the visitors of his site from‐
viewing those pages. If any damage occurs by the use of information presented there, only the
author of the respective pages might be liable, not the one who has linked to these pages. Fur‐
thermore the author is not liable for any postings or messages published by users of discussion
boards, guestbooks or mailinglists provided on his page.
Notice of the Producer
This Software product ZEN (blue edition) was designed, realized, verificated, validated and re‐
leased in a certificated process environment. The quality management system is certified follow‐
ing the rule of DIN EN ISO 9001.
The fields of application of the Software are common tasks and applications in microscopy re‐
spectively imaging (so called “Off-The-Shelf Software”). Though the user acknowledges that in
any kind of use the end user of the Software is responsible for the validation of the Software for
the end user’s dedicated intend of use considering all requirements of law and standards (e. g.
FDA/21 CFR part 11, IvDD, etc.). If necessary the end user has to establish, to document, to
implement and to maintain a special process to fulfill all the requirements to be conform with the
validate rules of law and standards.
14
Printed 06/2012
Legal notes
Manual
CARL ZEISS DOES NOT WARRANT THAT THIS SOFTWARE IS USABLE FOR SPECIAL
PURPOSES OTHER THAN IN THE FIELDS OF APPLICATION DEFINED ABOVE.
Published by
Carl Zeiss Microscopy GmbH
Carl-Zeiss-Promenade 10
07740 Jena, Germany
microscopy@zeiss.com
www.zeiss.com/zen
Carl Zeiss Microscopy GmbH
Königsallee 9-21
37081 Göttingen, Germany
© Carl Zeiss Microscopy GmbH, 2011
Carl Zeiss Microscopy GmbH
15
Introduction
Whats new?
Manual
2 Introduction
2.1 Whats new?
2.1.1 Design dark/light
ZEN (blue edition) allows the user to switch between two GUI colour schemes: Design Dark/
Light. The dark design has been carefully optimized to match the light conditions found in most
microscopy rooms and facilities during image acquisition. In this way two positive effects are
achieved. Firstly, it reduces unwanted stray light from the monitor that might interfere with sensi‐
tive fluorescence measurements. Secondly, it reduces eye strain and fatigue while minimizing
the problems associated with working in low light levels - for the microscopist this is of practical
importance when locating a weakly fluorescent specimen by eye through the oculars then shift‐
ing ones view to the monitor and back again and so on and so forth. A bright monitor is counter‐
productive to this exercise once the human eye has adjusted to the low light levels and effec‐
tively dazzles the user for a short period.
The light design on the other hand will optimally support those imaging brightfield specimens or
performing post acquisition examination and analysis of image date under normal office/ labora‐
tory light conditions.
Fig. 1: Design dark
Fig. 2: Design light
See also
2 Select design [➙ p.31]
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Introduction
Whats new?
Manual
2.1.2 Show all mode
To fulfill the requirements of a wide spectrum of users differing in their goals and experience,
and to ensure that a tool panel is never more complex than required, was a key target in the
development of ZEN 2011. The Show all check boxes found throughout the ZEN GUI are a key
part of this concept. A given set of tools is never more intricate than required with commonly
needed functions always visible (see example of the Time Series Tool below). Activating the ap‐
propriate Show all check box reveals additional functions.
Information
A global switch for all Show all check boxes can be found in the Menu bar | View | Show all
(Global). [➙ p.35]
Fig. 3: Show all mode deactivated
Fig. 4: Show all mode activated
See also
2 Show all mode of tool windows [➙ p.32]
2.1.3 Multi columns layout
Complex experiments that drive sophisticated hardware set-ups or involved image processing
tasks sometimes mean that the left tool area is not sufficiently long enough to give the user an
overview of all the parameters or settings that need to be manipulated. To alleviate this problem
the left tool area can be expanded by dragging an appropriate tool group (denominated by its
grey heading text) to the right to form a new column. A second or even third column can be add‐
Carl Zeiss Microscopy GmbH
17
Introduction
Whats new?
Manual
ed in this manner. Please note that in the Locate tab that there are no tool groups and no addi‐
tional columns are available. Muilti column layout settings are independent for each tab of the
left tool area.
Fig. 5: Single column
Fig. 6: Second column
2.1.4 Interactive light path configuration
In ZEN (blue edition) , microscope control is accessed from the Locate tab via the Light Path
tool. This uses an interactive diagram of the microscope light path and its components as con‐
figured in the Micro Tool Box (MTB). Typically the modifications made are immediately applied
to the system e.g. a filter change or shutter status in an interactive manor.
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Introduction
Whats new?
Manual
Fig. 7: Lightpath tool
See also
2 Light Path tool [➙ p.65]
2.1.5 Workspace zoom
The unique ZEN 2011 Workspace zoom function allows the user to match the size of the GUI
elements, fonts, buttons and tool areas to a particular situation or individual requirements such
as screen size/resolution or for ease of viewing. The zoom level can be varied between 70
-150%. Pressing the Reset button returns the Workspace Zoom to the default setting (100%).
Note that ZEN 2011 was designed for optimal use with a 30” flat panel with a minimum vertical
screen resolution of 1200 pixels.
Fig. 8: Workspace Zoom
2.1.6 Workspace configuration
The workspace configuration tool stores all user settings associated with workspace layout and
zoom level. These settings can be recalled from the drop down list Options. Alternatively a new
group of settings can be created or the Workspace can be reset to factory default – note that the
login splash screen will appear and the user can choose “Start system” (detect and read hard‐
ware settings) or “Image processing” mode (image analysis and viewing only). The following
settings can be modified and stored as part of a workspace configuration:
Carl Zeiss Microscopy GmbH
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Introduction
Whats new?
Manual
To save a workspace configuration select “new” from the options drop down list and select the
menu item new. A name is given to the settings. To store press enter or click on the save icon.
To restore a set of user defined settings only two clicks are required: click the drop down list
and select the appropriate entry.
Fig. 9: Workspace configuration
2.1.7 Automatic scaling
Fig. 10: Automatic scaling
See also
2 Status Bar [➙ p.28]
2.1.8 Digital Movie Recorder
This allows the recording of image sequences with high speed and outstanding image quality.
The raw data will be saved immediately on the hard drive. Finally the movie may be saved in
the CZI-image format or exported as an AVI-movie.
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Introduction
Concept
Manual
Fig. 11: Movie recorder
See also
2 Movie Recorder tool [➙ p.78]
2 Locate tab [➙ p.48]
2.2 Concept
ZEN is a modular image-processing and analysis software for modern microscopy from Carl
Zeiss. In addition to basic functionality for image acquisition and microscope definitions, ele‐
mentary image processing and annotations, image analysis and documentation optional mod‐
ules for specific tasks are available.
2.2.1 Image Acquisition
A range of different camera types can be used with ZEN, from simple TV cameras through to
high-resolution and high-sensitivity cameras. The cameras of the Carl Zeiss AxioCam family
guarantee optimum integration.
2.2.2 Image Processing
The acquired image is immediately displayed on the monitor. It can then be optimized using a
wide range of techniques:
▪ Contrast, brightness and color adjustment
▪ Noise suppression, smoothing and contour enhancement
▪ Sharpness enhancement/emphasizing of details
▪ Correction of illumination influences and white balance
ZEN can also be used to add any annotations that you may require to the images. All elements,
from scale bars and colored markings through to text and graphics, have been integrated into
the program.
2.2.3 Image Analysis
You are able to perform simple interactive measurements in the basic program. The measured
values (e.g. lengths, areas and perimeters) are made available in a data table, and can be pro‐
cessed further using spreadsheet programs. The interactive measurement can be executed via
the Graphics menu from the menu bar, or via the Graphics tab in the view controls of the Meas‐
urement View.
Carl Zeiss Microscopy GmbH
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Introduction
Concept
Manual
2.2.4 Documentation
Besides the image itself, the ZEN image format CZI also saves additional data, such as the im‐
age number, date of acquisition, microscope settings, exposure values, size and scale details,
contrast procedures used etc. Annotations and measured values are also saved with the image.
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First steps with ZEN blue software
Start ZEN blue software
Manual
3 First steps with ZEN blue software
3.1 Start ZEN blue software
➢ Your Microsoft operating system is ready for operation.
➢ You have successfully installed ZEN blue on your computer.
1. Double click on ZEN blue program icon on your desktop.
2. Alternatively click on Start | All Programs | Carl Zeiss | ZEN 2011 | ZEN 2011 (blue edition)
entry (blue icon).
⇨ The software starts. After a while you see the ZEN blue login screen.
3. Activate checkbox Don´t show this dialog next time if you don’t want to see the login dialog
with the next start of the software. If you want to see the dialog again, got to menu bar and
click on File | Login.
4. Click on Start System button to start ZEN blue with full software functionality.
5. Click on Image Processing button to start ZEN blue with image processing functions only.
⇨ You successfully started ZEN blue software.
3.2 Program interface
The ZEN (blue edition) program interface is divided into three main areas. Via the tabs in the
Left Tool Area (5) you can access all the main tools for microscope control (Locate tab), acquisi‐
tion (Acquisition tab), image processing (Processing tab), image analysis (Analysis tab) and re‐
port generation (Reporting tab). The Center Screen Area (6) is used to display your images,
while the Right Tool Area (7) provides you with an overview of all open documents and is used
for advanced file management.
Carl Zeiss Microscopy GmbH
23
First steps with ZEN blue software
Program interface
Manual
1
2
3
4
5
7
6
8
Fig. 12: Program interface (ZEN lite)
1 Title bar
5 Left Tool Area
2 Workspace Configuration
6 Center Screen Area
3 Menu bar
7 Right Tool Area
4 Tool bar
8 Status bar
3.2.1 Title bar
Fig. 13: Title bar
Symbol
Beschreibung
Activates the "drag & drop“ help function. A question mark appears beside the
mouse pointer. Move the mouse pointer to a place in the software where you
need help. Left-click on the desired location. The online help opens.
Minimizes the program window.
Maximizes the program window across 2 screens. This option is only possible if
you are working with 2 screens with the same resolution.
Maximizes the program window to the main screen.
Reduces the program window to any selected size.
Closes the program window.
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First steps with ZEN blue software
Program interface
Manual
3.2.2 Menu bar
Fig. 14: Menu bar
The menu bar contains all the menus you need to manage, edit and view your projects.
See also
2 Menus [➙ p.34]
3.2.3 Workspace configuration
Fig. 15: Workspace Configuration
Here you find settings to adjust your workspace. Select light/dark Design of the user interface or
enlarge the screen with Worspace Zoom. Save and reload all your personal settings as a Work‐
space configuration. With the Dock all tool windows
button in the top right corner you can
dock all undocked tools to left tool area with one click.
See also
2 Adjust workspace appearance [➙ p.31]
3.2.4 Tool bar
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Fig. 16: Tool bar
1 New document
4 Print Preview
7 Paste
2 Open file
5 Cut
8 Scale bar
3 Save file
6 Copy
Here you gain quick access to important functions, e.g. saving or opening files. Further right you
find settings for Workspace Configuration, i.e. Design settings.
Information
You can adapt the tool bar to your personal requirements in the Extras menu | CustomizeTool
Bar.
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First steps with ZEN blue software
Program interface
Manual
3.2.5 Left Tool Area
In the Left Tool Area you find the Main Tabs for microscope and camera settings (Locate tab),
image acquisition (Acquisition tab), image processing (Processing tab), image analysis (Analy‐
sis tab) and reporting (Reporting tab).The Main Tabs are organized in an order which follows
the typical workflow of experiments in bioscience or material science.
Fig. 17: Left Tool Area (ZEN pro, desk, system)
See also
2 Locate tab [➙ p.48]
2 Camera tab (ZEN lite) [➙ p.50]
2 Acquisition tab [➙ p.50]
2 Processing tab [➙ p.62]
2 Analysis tab [➙ p.63]
2 Reporting tab [➙ p.63]
3.2.6 Center Screen Area
The Center Screen Area is structured in 4 areas. The Document bar (1) is on top. On the left
side you find the tabs for the general and specific Image Views (2). In the middle of Center
Screen Area is the Image Area (3), images, reports and tables were shown here. Under the im‐
age area you find the General- and View Specific Controls (4) organized in tabs. View specific
control tabs are flagged blue.
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First steps with ZEN blue software
Program interface
Manual
Fig. 18: Overview Center Screen Area
1 Document bar
3 Image area
2 Image view tabs
4 View specific and general controls organized in tabs
See also
2 Image views [➙ p.128]
2 General view controls [➙ p.176]
2 Document bar [➙ p.27]
3.2.7 Document bar
Fig. 19: Document bar
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First steps with ZEN blue software
Program interface
Manual
Here you see tabs of all opend documents. Click on a tab to view the image/document. On the
right end of document bar you find buttons to switch view mode (Expose and Splitter mode) and
further view options (View menu).
See also
2 Exposé mode [➙ p.200]
2 Splitter mode [➙ p.200]
2 View menu [➙ p.35]
3.2.8 Right Tool Area
Here you find a list of all opened documents in Center Screen Area.
Fig. 20: Right Tool Area
1 List of opened documents
2 View buttons (i.e. text view, thumbnail)
3 Close/Save buttons
3.2.9 Status Bar
Here you will see important information on the system status:
Scaling options
Displays which lateral scaling is currently being used. The automatic checkbox is activated by
default. The scaling will be calculated automatically based on your hardware settings (i.e. objec‐
tive, adapters, etc.). If the automatic checkbox is deactivated, you can also load/import scalings
or start the scaling wizard in the Options
menu.
System Information
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First steps with ZEN blue software
Program interface
Manual
Always shows the latest, currently active process that the system is performing.
Progress Bar
Displays the progress of the currently active process. Each new process added supersedes old‐
er still active processes. If you click on the
icon, a window opens all currently running
chronologically listed processes. You can stop a process that is running using the Stop button.
Performance Indicators
In this group you will see an overview of the performance of individual computer components:
▪ Free RAM indicates how much physical memory is still available;
▪ Free HD indicates how much space is still available on the hard drive onto which the next
image is to be acquired (see Extras/Options/Save);
▪ CPU indicates the usage of the Central Processing Unit.
▪ The status bar provides an overall assessment of the system usage.
Frame Rate
Indicates the current frame rate in frames per second (fps) used by the active camera for pro‐
ducing new images. Please note that above in most cases a speed of > 100 frames per second
this value can not always be accurately determined.
Pixel Value and Position
Pixel value displays the gray value in the image at the current position of the mouse pointer. In
the case of multichannel images the gray value/channel is displayed for up to 4 channels.
Position displays the X/Y position (in pixel coordinates) of the mouse pointer in the image.
Information (i)
If you click on the icon, a window opens with a List of System Messages [➙ p.30].
Storage Folder
Displays the location where new images are automatically saved. This path can be changed in
the menu Tools | Options | Saving.
User
Shows the Windows user name of the logged in user.
Time
Shows the current Windows system time.
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First steps with ZEN blue software
Program interface
Manual
3.2.9.1 List of System Messages
Important system messages are collected here. There are three categories:
Information
System information that arises during normal operation. This system information does not lead
to an interruption of the workflow. The information window is not displayed automatically.
Warnings
Information that requires input from the user, e.g. a prompt to change a mechanical microscope
component. This information leads to the information window being shown briefly. However. It
closes again after a few seconds.
Errors
Error messages indicate a malfunction by the system. In this case the information window
opens and remains open. The system requires input from the user in order to continue.
Information
Hundreds of messages can accumulate in the course of a session. A maximum of 300 mes‐
sages are displayed. To display messages for a certain category, activate or deactivate the
corresponding checkboxes.
3.3 Set user language
➢ You have successfully started ZEN (blue edition)
1. Click on menu Tools | Options.
⇨ The Options dialog opens. The entry General in the Software group is selected.
2. Select user language from the Fixed Language dropdown list.
Information
If the Select Automatically checkbox is activated the software uses the language which is set
in the system settings of your computer.
⇨ The message appears to restart the application. Confirm message by clicking on OK.
3. Click on OK.
⇨ The Options dialog closes.
4. Exit and restart software.
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First steps with ZEN blue software
Adjust workspace appearance
Manual
⇨ You have successfully set user language.
3.4 Adjust workspace appearance
3.4.1 Select design
1. Select light/dark design from design dropdown list in workspace configuration area.
3.4.2 Show/hide areas
1. Click on show/hide buttons to show or hide areas.
3.4.3 Undock/dock tool window
This function allows you to undock/dock a tool window. An undocked tool window can be posi‐
tioned anywhere on the screen.
1. Click undock button to undock a tool window.
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First steps with ZEN blue software
Adjust workspace appearance
Manual
2. Click dock button to dock a tool window back to its place in left tool area.
Information
With dock all tools function in Workspace Configuration [➙ p.25] you can globally attach all un‐
docked tool windows back to the left tool area.
3.4.4 Show all mode of tool windows
1. Click Show all button (deactivated) to show advanced settings or function of a tool window.
2. Click Show all button (activated) to show only the basic functions of a tool window.
3.5 Acquire a first image with ZEN blue
This section guides you to your first image with ZEN blue software.
➢ You have connected and configured a microscope camera (i.e. AxioCam MR) to your sys‐
tem.
➢ You have started the ZEN blue software and selected Camera tab (ZEN light only) or Lo‐
cate tab.
1. Click on Live button.
⇨ The Live mode starts. In the Center Screen Area you see the live image from the cam‐
era.
2. Click on Set Exposure button.
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First steps with ZEN blue software
Close ZEN blue software
Manual
⇨ The Exposure time will be set automatically.
Information
Manually focus the specimen if you don’t see a sharp image. For correct focusing you can ad‐
ditionally use the focus bar function. Right click on Center Screen Area will open a context
menu. Select Focus Bar entry from context menu.
3. Click Snap button.
⇨ You successfully acquired your first image with ZEN blue. Save image in File | Save as on
your computer.
3.6 Close ZEN blue software
➢ You have acquired or processed an image, created a table or a report with ZEN blue.
1. Click on File | Exit to end ZEN blue software. Alternatively you can press ALT+F4 on your
keyboard or click on Close icon in program bar.
Information
If you haven’t saved your files the save/keep documents dialog will open before the program
closes. Select files you want to save or unselect files you don’t want to save.
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Menus
File menu
Manual
4 Menus
4.1 File menu
New menu item (Ctrl+N)
Opens the New Document dialog window.
Open menu item (Ctrl+O)
Opens the Open Document dialog window. Here you can select the file you want to open.
Save menu item (Ctrl+S)
Saves the selected file.
Save As menu item
Saves the selected file under a new name.
Rename menu item
Opens the Rename dialog window. Enter a new name for the file. Confirm the entry with Yes.
Delete menu item
Deletes the selected file.
Export/Import menu item
Opens the relevant parameters on the Processing tab | Method Selection | Method | Extras | Ex‐
port/Import.
Close menu item (Ctrl+F4)
Closes the selected file.
Save All menu item
Saves all open files.
New File Browser menu item
Opens the Browser window in the center screen area.
Open Containing Folder menu item
Opens the folder in which the selected file is located.
Recent Files menu item (Ctrl+R)
Opens the Recent Files dialog window.
Print Preview (Ctrl+F2)
Opens the Print Preview dialog window for the selected file.
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Menus
Edit menu
Manual
Login menu item
Opens the Login dialog window.
Exit menu item (Alt+F4)
Exits the program.
See also
2 File Browser [➙ p.205]
4.2 Edit menu
Undo (Ctrl+Z)
Undoes the last action.
Redo (Ctrl+Y)
Redoes the last action.
Cut (Ctrl+X)
Cuts the selected graphic element out of the image.
Copy (Ctrl+C)
Copies the selected graphic element.
Paste (Ctrl+V)
Inserts the copied graphic element into the image.
Delete (Del)
Deletes the selected graphic element.
Select All (Ctrl+A)
Selects all graphic elements drawn into the image.
Display
Here you can manage image display settings. Functions include copy, paste, export or import of
the display settings.
ROI (Region of Interest) (Ctrl+U)
Here you can draw a new rectangular selection region (ROI) into the image. It is subsequently
possible to create a subset image from the selection.
4.3 View menu
Zoom
Here you can configure various zoom settings.
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Menus
Acquisition menu
Manual
Player
Here you can navigate through a Z-stack or a time series image.
Document Bar Display Options section
Text View Displays the text name of a file in the document bar.
Small Thumb‐ Displays a small preview image and name of a file in the document bar.
nail View
Large Displays a large preview image and name of a file in the document bar.
Thumbnail
View Image Area Display Options section
1 Container Displays one image container in the image area.
2 Containers Displays two image containers in the image area.
3 Containers Displays three image containers in the image area.
Automatic Container Layout
Uses the predefined container layout.
Shared View Controls
General and specific view controls are shared for all containers and are active for the currently
selected image container.
Separate View Controls
Each container has its own separate general and specific view controls that become active
when the associated image container is selected.
Show All (Global)
Activates Show All mode globally.
4.4 Acquisition menu
Live (Shift+F2)
On the Locate tab this opens an image window and starts a live image with the active camera.
On the Acquisition tab this command will execute only if a channel has been defined. The cur‐
rently selected channel will be used for the live image.
Snap (F2)
On the Locatetab executes a snap image command and acquires a single image from the active
camera. On the Acquisition tab this command will execute only if at least one channel has been
defined. All the defined channels will be imaged and displayed as an overlay.
Set Exposure
On the Locate tab this executes an exposure time calculation for the active camera. On the Ac‐
quisition tab this command will execute only if at least one channel has been defined.
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Menus
Graphic menu
Manual
Set White Balance (Alt+W)
Performs an automatic white balance measurement.
Find Focus
Starts an autofocus search.
4.5 Graphic menu
Menu item
Function
Short cut
Select
Starts selection mode.
Alt+F1
Draw Region of Interest (ROI) Draws in ROI.
Text
Adds text field to the image.
Scale bar
Adds a scale bar to the image.
Line
Adds a line to the image.
Arrow
Adds an arrow to the image.
Rectangle (aligned)
Adds an aligned rectangle to the image.
Circle (Diameter)
Adds a circle to the image.
Contour (Spline)
Adds a contour (Spline) to the image.
Profile
Adds an intensity profile along the drawed in
arrow region.
Rectangle Profile
Adds an intensity profile within the drawed in
rectangle region.
Grid
Adds a grid to the image.
Frequent Annotations
Adds frequent annotations to the image.
Points
Adds points of interest to the image such as
events or markers.
Burn-in annotations
Creates a new image with all annotations
burned-in to the image.
Show Bounding Box
Shows bounding boxes around graphics/an‐
notations.
Hide Bounding Box
Hides bounding boxes around graphics/anno‐
tations.
Bring to Front
Brings selected graphic/annotation to the front
of the image.
Send to Back
Sends selected graphic/annotation to the back
of the image.
Carl Zeiss Microscopy GmbH
Crtl+U
37
Menus
Tools menu
Manual
Menu item
Function
Short cut
Bring Forward
Brings selected graphic/annotation one layer
forwards.
Send Backwards
Sends selected graphic/annotation one layer
backwards.
4.6 Tools menu
Menu item
Description
Diagnostics menu item (Ctrl+Shift+D)
Opens the Diagnostics dialog window...
Kitchen Timer…
Opens the Kitchen Timer tool window...
Dosimeter…
Opens the Dosimeter tool window...
Dye Editor…
Opens the Dye Editor dialog window...
Extension Manager…
Opens the Extension Manager dialog window.
Modules Manager…
Opens the Module Manager dialog window.
Calibration Manager…
Opens the Calibration Manager dialog win‐
dow...
Customize Toolbar…
Opens the Customize Toolbar [➙ p.39] dia‐
log window.
Scaling…
Opens the Scaling [➙ p.40] dialog window.
Sample Carrier Templates…
Opens the Sample Carrier Templates dialog
window...
Options…
Opens the Options [➙ p.41] dialog window.
4.6.1 Modules Manager dialog
Here you can activate or deactivate the modules for which you currently own a license. Note
that all the changes made here are implemented immediately and the corresponding module(s)
are activated/ deactivated.
Available Products section
Here you can see the ZEN products available for your license. Click on the relevant button to
select a ZEN product.
Module list
In this list you can activate/ deactivate the modules that are included with you ZEN product. To
do this, activate the checkbox in front of the module in question.
Optional Module list
In this list you can activate the modules that you have licensed as an option for your ZEN prod‐
uct. To do this, activate the checkbox in front of the module in question.
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Menus
Tools menu
Manual
Optional Hardware list
In this list you can activate the control software for the devices that you have licensed for your
ZEN product.
Select All button
Activates all licensed modules.
Deselect All button
Deactivates all licensed modules.
Save Information button
Allows you to saves the current selection of modules in a ModuleInformation.txt file.
4.6.2 Customize Toolbar dialog
Here you can add menu commands to the tool bar as buttons.
Available Toolbar items list
Here you will find the individual menu commands that you can add to the tool bar.
button
Adds a selected menu command to the tool bar. It then appears in the Selected Toolbar items
list.
Selected Toolbar items list
The menu commands that you have added to the tool bar are listed here. You can select com‐
mands here in order to sort them, for example.
button
Deletes a selected menu command from the Selected Toolbar items list.
button
Moves a selected menu command up a position in the Selected Toolbar items list..
button
Moves a selected menu command down a position in the Selected Toolbar items list..
Separator button
Inserts a vertical separator bar into the tool bar after the currently selected item of the Selected
Toolbar items list.
Close button
Closes the dialog window.
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Menus
Tools menu
Manual
4.6.3 Scaling dialog
Here you can specify how your images are scaled.
Active Scaling section
The scaling that is currently active is displayed in the Active Scaling section.
Automatic Scaling checkbox
Activated: Determines the scaling from the configuration set for the microscope and camera for
newly acquired images. Data acquired in another session or from imported from another system
has associated Metadata that contains information about the scaling per pixel.
Unit dropdown list
Select the desired unit of measurement for the scaling from the dropdown list.
The following units are available for selection:
▪ Meter
▪ Centimeter
▪ Millimeter
▪ Micrometer
▪ Nanometer
▪ Inch
▪ Mil
Available Scalings section
Here you can choose a different scaling approach.
Available Scalings dropdown list
Here you can select an existing scaling.
button
Clicking on the Options button opens a shortcut menu with the following entries:
Activate Scal‐ Activates the scaling selected in the Available Scalings dropdown list so that it is applied to all
ing images acquired from this time point onward.
Assign Scal‐ The scaling selected in the Available Scalings dropdown list is assigned to the current image.
ing to Image
Import Opens the Import Scaling dialog window. Here you can select the scaling file that you want to
import.
Export Opens the Export Scaling dialog window to export the scaling selected in the Available Scalings
dropdown list. Here you can select the folder in which you want the exported scaling file to be
saved and specify a file name.
Delete The scaling selected in the Available Scalings dropdown list is deleted.
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Menus
Tools menu
Manual
Create new scaling section
Interactive calibration button
Starts the Scaling Wizard [➙ p.41].
4.6.3.1 Scaling Wizard
Here you can create a new scaling. To do this, draw a reference line with a predefined length in
the current image. An image of a calibration slide is best suited for this purpose.
You can draw in two types of reference line:
Simple Refer‐ Draw a line along a distance with a known length.
ence Line
Parallel Ref‐ Draw two parallel lines along a distance with a known length. The two parallel lines allow errors
erence Lines in the parallel axis resulting from the drawing of the lines to be corrected. A third, corrected line
is drawn in automatically from which the scaling is determined.
Automatic Line Detection checkbox
Activated: Automatically detects individual lines of the scale bar in the image close to the inter‐
actively defined distance. Using this method the centers of the lines are determined exactly, in‐
creasing the precision of the scaling.
Length input field
Enter the length of the line you have drawn in the spin box/input field.
Unit dropdown list
Select the scaling unit from the dropdown list.
Name input field
Here you can enter the name for the scaling file that will be created.
Save button
Saves the scaling file that has been created under the specified name.
4.6.4 Options dialog
Here you can configure the settings for general software options.
4.6.4.1 General
Language section
Select Automatically checkbox
Activated: Automatically selects the user language of the operating system as the user lan‐
guage for the ZEN software.
Language Selection dropdown list
Select the language from the dropdown list in which ZEN (blue edition) will be run next time it is
started.
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Menus
Tools menu
Manual
4.6.4.2 Startup
Splash Screen section
Activate Show Splash Screen checkbox
Activated: Displays the Splash screen when program starts.
Configuration section
Reload Last Used Documents checkbox
Activated: When the software is started, all files that were open when you last exited the system
will be reloaded.
4.6.4.3 Naming
Here you can specify how images are named and indexed.
Category dropdown list
Select the category of image from the dropdown list for which you want to define the naming.
The following categories are available:
Image Images that are created using File menu | New.
Snap Images that are created by clicking on the Snap button.
Extended Fo‐ Images that are created using the Extended Focus (Interactive) tool.
cus (Interac‐
tive)
Continuous Images that are created by clicking on the Continuous button.
Experiment Images that are created by clicking on the Start Experiment button.
Movie Images that are created by the Movie Recorder tool.
Processed Images that are created by means of an image processing function.
image
Multiimage Images that are created by means of the Multiimage function.
Batch Result Images that are created by means of a batch processing function.
Report Files that are created by means of the Report tool.
Prefix input field
Here you can enter a name prefix of your choice.
Digits dropdown list
Here you can select how many digits you want the counter used to have. Changes will be stor‐
ed after the session is ended.
Format input field
Here you can specify what information is appended to the prefix.
To adopt an entry directly into the input field, double-click on the entry in the Format IDs list.
Alternatively you can edit the entry directly. Changes will be stored after the session is ended.
Initial Counter Value input field
Displays the current status of the counter. The counter value is saved during a session.
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Menus
Tools menu
Manual
If you exit the software, the counter value will be reset to 1.
Preview display field
Displays a preview of the naming format that will be allocated next for the current category.
Save/Load Counter Value checkbox
Activated: Saves the counter values for the individual categories. If the software is restarted, the
values are restored.
Format IDs list
Here you see a list containing all the formatting options.
4.6.4.4 Saving
Locate/Camera section
Auto Save checkbox
Activated: Automatically saves images that are acquired on the Locate (Camera) tab using the
Snap button.
Don´t Open a Document Window checkbox
Only active if the Auto Save checkbox is activated.
Activated: The automatically saved images are closed immediately after acquisition.
File Type dropdown list
Select the image format from the dropdown list that will be used when an image is saved auto‐
matically.
Auto Save Path
Here you can specify the folder into which the images are saved automatically.
Browse button
Opens the Browse For Folder dialog window. Here you can select the folder in which the im‐
ages are to be saved automatically.
4.6.4.5 Documents
Default Settings for New Images section
Show Ruler checkbox
Activated: Displays the ruler at the top and left-hand edge of the image – the units used are ac‐
cording to the Scaling settings.
Auto Fit checkbox
Activated: Automatically adjusts the zoom factor of the image so that the entire image is visible
and the view area is filled.
Use Interpolation for Image Display checkbox
Activated: Displays pixels in interpolated form.
Set Logarithmic Scale in Histogram checkbox
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Menus
Tools menu
Manual
Activated: In the Display tab the frequency distribution (y-axis) of the histogram is plotted using
a logarithmic scale.
4.6.4.6 Acquisition
Live Window section
Close Live After Snap checkbox
Activated: Closes the live window after an acquisition with the Snap button
User Defined Action After Snap dropdown list
Select an action from the dropdown list to be performed after an image is acquired using the
Snap button. The following options are available:
▪ Always Create a New Document
Creates a new document each time.
▪ Automatic Mode
A newly acquired image is always written into the currently active image document. Previ‐
ous images are therefore lost. Note that Snaps made in the Acquistion tab are always saved
as a new image and selecting this option has no effect. The same is true in Locate tab when
the Option Saving | Auto save is selected.
Tiles section
Show information Title in the Advanced Setup View checkbox
Activated: Displays Tiles Advanced Setup information bar
Show Snap Animation checkbox
Activated: Displays animation when an image is acquired by pressing F2 or clicking Snap button
when the Advanced setup view is open.
Automatic Snap when Clicking the Live Navigator Buttons checkbox
Activated: When pressing one of the blue arrow icons of the Navigator frame a Snap is made of
the current position before the stage moves one camera frame in the desired direction.
Panorama section
Show information Title in the Panorama View checkbox
Activated: Displays Panorama information bar
Show Acquisition Animation checkbox
Activated: Displays animation when image is acquired by pressing F2 or clicking Acquire the im‐
age button when panorama view is open. Note that this will acquire a Z-stack or Time series, if
selected in the experiment, at this position.
Enable Transparency Effect on Selected Tile Image check box
Activated: The selected tile image is displayed with a transparency effect that enables the used
to see it relation to the tiles underneath (lower layer = earlier acquisition) and those above (up‐
per layer = more recent acquisition) it at the same time.
Acquisition Tab section
Acquisition Tab without Channel Support check box
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Menus
Tools menu
Manual
Activated: enables the use and set-up of experiments without any channel support in the Ac‐
quisition tab.
Prevent execution of after Channel Setting Automatism while Live is Active checkbox
Activated: Prevents execution of After Channel setting automatism while Live button is active.
Automatically start Live when Set Exposure Measure was started checkbox
Activated: Starts a Live image when the Set Exposure button has been pressed such that the
live image begins immediately after the Set Exposure measurement is complete. The normal
function when the check box is unselected is to take a Snap subsequent to SetExposure.
Z-Stack section
Adjust Auto-Z-Stack Focus Match on First Slice
This value determines the degree of match between the image focus of the first image and that
determined as the true focus (centre plane of the resulting Z-stack)
Adjust Auto-Z-Stack Focus Match on Last Slice
This value determines the degree of match between the image focus of the last image and that
determined as the true focus (centre plane of the resulting Z-stack)
Player section
Follow Acquisition check box
Activated: The image and slider of the Dimensions and Graphics tab follow (are updated) the
acquisition so that image last collected is displayed as the Experiment progresses.
Camera section
Show Expert Options
Activated: The expert settings/ options belonging to a particular camera model are accessible in
the appropriate tool areas.
4.6.4.7 User
Here you can enter your own details. These are then written into the image during acquisition.
They are also used in reports.
User Information section
First Name Here you can enter your first name.
Last Name Here you can enter your last name.
E-mail Here you can enter your e-mail address.
Telephone Here you can enter your telephone number.
Fax Here you can enter your fax number.
Company Information section
Name Here you can enter the company name.
Address Here you can enter the company address.
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Menus
Tools menu
Manual
Zip Code, Here you can enter the zip code and town/city of the company.
Town/City
Country Here you can enter the country.
Logo Here you can add a company logo to your user profile. This can then be displayed in a report,
for example. To add a logo, click on the Add button.
4.6.4.8 Data Tables
Data Table Import Options section
Start import in Row No. radio box
Defines the starting row into which the data will be imported.
Column Separators
▪ Tab check box
Activated: Recognizes Tab key stroke as column separator
▪ Semicolon check box
Activated: Recognizes a semicolon as column separator
▪ Space check box
Activated: Recognizes Space key stroke as column separator
▪ Comma check box
Activated: Recognizes a comma as column separator
Decimal Separator dropdown menu
Select between decimal separator as full stop or comma
Thousands Separator dropdown menu
Select between thousand separator as full stop or comma
Data Table section
Number of Decimal Places radio box
Sets the maximum number of decimal places for the numbers imported into the data table.
4.7 Window menu
46
Menu item
Description
Shortcut
Full Screen
Sets the Full screen mode to F11
maximize the image view area
size
Next Window
Displays the next open image F6
in the Center Screen Area (di‐
rection of movement is to the
right)
Previous Window
Displays the previous open
image in the Center Screen
Area (direction of movement
is to the left)
Ctrl+F6
Printed 06/2012
Menus
Help menu
Manual
Menu item
Description
Shortcut
Close
Closes the currently selected
image.
Ctrl+F4
Close All
Closes all the open images.
Ctrl+Alt+W
4.8 Help menu
Menu item
Description
Shortcut
Contents…
Opens the Online help con‐
tents page.
Ctrl+F1
Index…
Opens the Online help index Ctrl+F2
page.
About Zen…
Shows notices of the pro‐
ducer of the ZEN software
Carl Zeiss Microscopy GmbH
47
Main tabs
Locate tab
Manual
5 Main tabs
5.1 Locate tab
Transmitted Light / Reflected Light section
Only visible if you have configured a motorized TL/RL shutter in MTB (MicroToolBox).
Transmitted / Reflected Light button
Function
Off
Closes the shutter of the transmitted / reflec‐
ted light source on a motorized microscope.
On
Opens the shutter of the transmitted / reflec‐
ted light source on a motorized microscope.
Favorites section
Here you add further buttons with your favorite software functions. Click on Configure button to
open Configure favorites [➙ p.49] dialog windwow.
Action buttons
With these buttons you control microscope and camera and acquire your images.
Fig. 21: Action buttons
Icon
Button
Function
Find Focus
Only visible if you have configured a motorized focus (Micro‐
ToolBox).
Starts an autofocus search using the current settings from
the Software Autofocus tool.
Set Exposure
Starts an automatical exposure time measurement with the
settings defined in the Light Path and Camera tool.
Live
Opens Live View and shows the live image from the cam‐
era.
Continuous
Starts a series of Snaps using the settings defined in the
Light Path and Camera tool. In contrast to a live image, the
exact same camera setting that has been set in the Camera
tool is used. The result at the end of this mode is a single,
acquired image that can be saved.
Snap
Acquires a single image.
Stop
Only active if one of the acquisition buttons has been
clicked.
Stops the function of the relevant acquisition button.
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Main tabs
Locate tab
Manual
Active camera section
Link Cameras checkbox
Only active if you have connected two structurally identical cameras to your system.
Activated: Acquires images using two cameras in parallel. This is often the case with 2-channel
images for ratio measurements or FRET measurements.
Active Camera dropdown list
Shows the active camera. If you have several cameras connected, you can select the detector
to use here.
See also
2 Light Path tool [➙ p.65]
2 Camera tool [➙ p.71]
2 Software Autofocus tool [➙ p.77]
2 Movie Recorder tool [➙ p.78]
5.1.1 Configure Favorites
Here you configure up to 20 new buttons to get quick access to your preferred camera and
hardware settings.
Favorite Settings section
If you have not yet defined any buttons, you will see an empty list here. To create a new button,
click on the
button.
Name input field
Here you can enter a name for the button.
Hardware Setting Ref.
Shows the selected hardware settings.
Camera Setting Ref.
Shows the selected camera settings.
Color dropdown list
To change the color of the button, click on the colored rectangle. Select a color of your choice
from the list.
Text Color checkbox
Activated: Uses the selected color as the button text color.
Available Hardware Settings section
Here you see all the hardware settings that are saved on your hard drive. Select the hardware
setting that you want to use with the configured button.
Available Camera Settings section
Here you see all the camera settings that are saved on your hard drive. Select the camera set‐
ting that you want to use with the configured button.
Carl Zeiss Microscopy GmbH
49
Main tabs
Camera tab (ZEN lite)
Manual
See also
2 Locate tab [➙ p.48]
5.2 Camera tab (ZEN lite)
Acquisition buttons
With these buttons you control microscope and camera and acquire your images.
Icon
Button
Function
Set Exposure
Starts an automatical exposure time measurement with the
settings defined in the Light Path and Camera tool.
Live
Opens Live View and shows the live image from the cam‐
era.
Continuous
Starts a series of Snaps using the settings defined in the
Light Path and Camera tool. In contrast to a live image, the
exact same camera setting that has been set in the Camera
tool is used. The result at the end of this mode is a single,
acquired image that can be saved.
Snap
Acquires a single image.
Stop
Only active if one of the acquisition buttons has been
clicked.
Stops the function of the relevant acquisition button.
Active camera section
Link Cameras checkbox
Only active if you have connected two structurally identical cameras to your system.
Activated: Acquires images using two cameras in parallel. This is often the case with 2-channel
images for ratio measurements or FRET measurements.
Active Camera dropdown list
Shows the active camera. If you have several cameras connected, you can select the camera to
use here.
See also
2 Microscope Components tool (ZEN lite) [➙ p.65]
2 Camera tool [➙ p.71]
2 Movie Recorder tool [➙ p.78]
5.3 Acquisition tab
On the Acquisition tab you configure and control your acquisition experiments.
Information!
▪ The content of the Acquisition tab changes depending on the technical possibilities offered
by your imaging system and the options that you activate or deactivate.
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Printed 06/2012
Main tabs
Acquisition tab
Manual
▪ Settings that you configure in the top part of the tab have an effect on settings in the bottom
part of the tab. I.e. Settings that you configure in the Acquisition Parameters tool group in
the Channels toolalso apply to the acquisition of all images that you configure in the Multidi‐
mensional Acquisition tool group in the Z-Stack, Tiles or Time Series tools.
Fig. 22: Acquisition tab
1 Experiment Manager
4 Acquisition Dimensions
2 Smart Setup
5 Experiment Preview
3 Action buttons
See also
2 Light Path Settings tool [➙ p.79]
2 Acquisition Mode tool [➙ p.81]
2 Channels tool [➙ p.87]
2 Experiment Designer tool [➙ p.90]
2 Z-Stack tool [➙ p.93]
2 Tiles tool [➙ p.96]
2 Panorama tool [➙ p.100]
2 Time Series tool [➙ p.100]
2 Information on Experiment tool [➙ p.103]
Carl Zeiss Microscopy GmbH
51
Main tabs
Acquisition tab
Manual
5.3.1 Experiment Manager
In the Experiment Manager you can load and save your experiments, control acquisition and
decide which tools will appear in the tool groups.
Experiment Selection dropdown list
Here you can select saved experiments. If you make changes to an experiment, the name of
the experiment is marked with an asterisk (*). If you close the application without saving a
changed ("asterisked") experiment, you will be asked whether you want to save the changes.
Options button
Opens the Options [➙ p.52] shortcut menu.
Show All Tools checkbox
If the checkbox is activated,
▪ the System Settings tool group is shown with the Light Path Settings tool.
▪ the Experiment Designer tool is also shown in the Multidimensional Acquisition tool group.
▪ the Acquisition Sequence [➙ p.54] dropdown list is also shown under the acquisition di‐
mensions. From the list you can select various sequences for Time, Regions, Tiles, Chan‐
nels or Z-stacks.
5.3.1.1 Options
In the Options shortcut menu you can create new experiments and rename, save, import, export
or delete existing experiments.
New menu item
Creates a new, empty experiment. Enter a name for the experiment.
Rename menu item
Enter a new name for the experiment.
Save menu item
Saves a changed ("asterisked") experiment under the current name.
Save As menu item
Saves the current experiment under a new name. Enter a new name for the experiment.
Import menu item
Imports an existing experiment. The experiment is shown in the Experiment Selection dropdown
list.
Export menu item
Exports the current experiment.
Delete menu item
Deletes the current experiment.
New From menu item
The New From menu item only appears if there is a valid acquisition experiment in .czexp for‐
mat in the \ZEN\Templates\Experiment Setups folder.
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Printed 06/2012
Main tabs
Acquisition tab
Manual
Creates a copy of the selected experiment with a new name. You can use the experiment im‐
mediately or change it. The default experiment cannot be deleted or changed.
5.3.2 Smart Setup
Smart Setup offers you support when configuring multichannel acquisition experiments. Select
the fluorescent dyes and contrast techniques that you want to include in your experiment from a
large dye database. Smart Setup takes the configuration of your microscope hardware and the
properties of the selected dyes into account. Based on this information it makes one or more
suggestions for acquisition. You can adopt these into your experiment as required and make
further changes to them there.Smart Setup also configures the motorized components of your
system for the acquisition of multichannel images. It does not, however, influence any camera
parameters (e.g. exposure time or resolution) and also does not change any parameters of oth‐
er acquisition dimensions (e.g. Z-stack, time series or multiposition acquisitions).
Smart Setup button
To start Smart Setup dialog click on Smart Setup button
See also
2 Smart Setup Dialog [➙ p.60]
5.3.3 Action buttons
With these buttons you control microscope and camera and acquire your images.
Fig. 23: Action buttons
Information
- The Acquisition buttons on the Acquisition tab differ from the Acquisition buttons on the Lo‐
cate tab. The buttons on the Locate tab relate to an individual image. The buttons on the Ac‐
quisition tab relate to a multidimensional image with at least one channel.
- An image is only acquired automatically after the search if the Live button is deactivated.
Icon
Button
Function
Find Focus
Only visible if you have configured a motorized focus (Micro‐
ToolBox).
Starts an autofocus search using the settings from the Fo‐
cus Devices tool.The autofocus search is performed for the
selected reference channel in the Channels tool.
Carl Zeiss Microscopy GmbH
Set Exposure
Starts an automatical exposure time measurement with the
settings defined in the Light Path and Camera tool.
Live
Opens Live View and shows the live image from the cam‐
era.
53
Main tabs
Acquisition tab
Manual
Icon
Button
Function
Continuous
Starts a series of Snaps using the settings defined in the
Light Path and Camera tool. In contrast to a live image, the
exact same camera setting that has been set in the Camera
tool is used. The result at the end of this mode is a single,
acquired image that can be saved.
Snap
Acquires a single image.
Stop
Only active if one of the acquisition buttons has been
clicked.
Stops the function of the relevant acquisition button.
Start experiment button
Only active when additional acquisition dimensions were added to the experiment.
Starts the experiment.
5.3.4 Acquisition Dimensions
In the Acquisition Dimensions section you can activate the acquisition dimensions (Z-stack,
tiles, panorama, time series) required in your experiment. The corresponding tool only appears
in the Multidimensional Acquisition tool group once an acquisition dimension has been activa‐
ted. The field to the right of the acquisition dimension shows how extensive the acquisition will
be (e.g. number of sections or number of tile images).
5.3.4.1 Acquisition Sequence
Acquisition Sequence dropdown list
Only active if the Show All Tools checkbox is activated.
The available selection options (*default settings) in the list depend on the acquisition dimen‐
sions selected.
Acquisition dimensions
Selection option
Function
Channels
"All Channels"
Acquires all configured chan‐
nels one after the other.
Channels
"All planes per channel" (*)
Acquires the complete Z-stack
for a channel and then pro‐
cesses the next channel.
"All channels per plane"
Acquires all channels for each
Z-plane and then locates the
next plane of the Z-stack.
Z-stacks
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Printed 06/2012
Main tabs
Acquisition tab
Manual
Acquisition dimensions
Selection option
Function
Channels
"All planes per channel" (*)
Acquires the complete Z-stack
at a tile/position for each
channel and then processes
the next channel. Once all Zstacks at a tile/position have
been acquired, the next one is
located.
"All channels per plane"
Acquires all channels at a tile/
position for each Z-plane be‐
fore locating the next plane of
the Z-stack. Once all Z-planes
and channels at a tile/position
have been acquired, the next
one is located.
"All planes per channel" (*)
Acquires the complete Z-stack
for each channel for a time
point and then processes the
Z-stack of the next channel.
"All channels per plane"
Acquires all channels for each
Z-plane for a time point before
locating the next plane of the
Z-stack.
"All tiles per time point"
Acquires images for all chan‐
nels as well as images at all
positions of the experiment for
each time point and then waits
for the next time point.
"Time series per tile"
Acquires the complete time
series at a position with all
channels, before doing the
same at the next position.
Connected tile images are,
however, acquired in full for
each time point.
"Time-Regions-Tiles-Chan‐
nels-Z" (*)
- Time series
Acquires images for all chan‐
nels as well as images at all
positions of the experiment for
each time point and then waits
for the next time point. The
complete Z-stack is acquired
at every position for each
channel and the next channel
is then processed.
Carl Zeiss Microscopy GmbH
55
Z-stacks
Tiles/Positions
- Channels
- Z-stacks
- Time series
- Channels
- Tiles/Positions
- Time series
- Channels
- Z-stacks
- Tiles/Positions
Main tabs
Acquisition tab
Manual
Acquisition dimensions
Selection option
Function
"Time-Regions-Tiles-Z-Chan‐
nels"
Acquires images for all chan‐
nels as well as images at all
positions of the experiment for
each time point and then waits
for the next time point. Ac‐
quires all channels for each Zplane and then locates the
next plane of the Z-stack.
"Regions-Time-Tiles-Chan‐
nels-Z"
Acquires the complete time
series at a position with all
channels, before doing the
same at the next position. Ac‐
quires the complete Z-stack
for each channel and then
processes the next channel.
"Regions-Time-Tiles-Z-Chan‐
nels"
Acquires the complete time
series at a position with all
channels, before doing the
same at the next position.
Connected tile images are,
however, acquired in full for
each time point. Acquires all
channels for each Z-plane and
then locates the next plane of
the Z-stack.
5.3.5 Experiment Preview
The Experiment Preview shows you the acquisition dimensions of your current experiment.
Example 1
No channel is active or no fluorescence channels have been configured. No other experiment
dimensions have been activated.
Example 2
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Printed 06/2012
Main tabs
Acquisition tab
Manual
A fluorescence channel has been configured in the current experiment. No other experiment di‐
mensions have been activated. The value in the bottom right corner shows the calculated size
of the image file on the hard drive.
Example 3
At least one fluorescence channel has been configured in the current experiment, as well as a
Z-stack. The number of visible planes does not reflect the actual number of planes in the experi‐
ment. The value in the bottom right corner shows the calculated size of the Z-stack on the hard
drive.
Example 4
Carl Zeiss Microscopy GmbH
57
Main tabs
Acquisition tab
Manual
At least one fluorescence channel has been configured in the current experiment, as well as a
tile acquisition or a multiposition experiment. The number of positions displayed does not reflect
the actual number of tile images in the experiment. The value in the bottom right corner shows
the calculated size of the complete acquisition on the hard drive.
5.3.6 Acquisition dialog window
5.3.6.1 Add Dye or Contrast Technique dialog window
In the Add Dye or Contrast Technique dialog window you can add dyes and contrast techniques
to your experiment. The dyes in the database contain important information that is saved in the
image document (e.g. spectral characteristics). This information can be used later during image
processing (e.g. deconvolution).
Information
You can add additional dyes to the database via the Extras menu | Dye Editor.
Most Recently Selected list
Shows the six most recently selected dyes and contrast techniques in a list. This ensures that
you have quick access to the dyes or contrast techniques that you frequently use.
Search input field
Enter the name or initial letters of the dye or contrast technique that you want to search for. The
search results are displayed immediately in the Dye Database list or the Contrast Techniques
list. If no search filter is active, the lists of dyes or contrast techniques are arranged in alphabeti‐
cal order.
Information
If you cannot find a certain dye, try using a related dye name or a general name.
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Printed 06/2012
Main tabs
Acquisition tab
Manual
Dye Database list
The available fluorescent dyes are displayed here. In the left column you will see the name of
the dye. The right column contains its color and main emission wavelength. Add a channel with‐
out any spectral or other information by selecting the "Custom" entry.
Information
The "Custom" entry adds a channel to your experiment without any additional information. This
means that the resulting image cannot be used for certain processing operations. To create an
entry with self-defined characteristics, use the
Dye Editor.
Contrast Techniques list
The available contrast techniques are displayed here.
Carl Zeiss Microscopy GmbH
59
Main tabs
Acquisition tab
Manual
5.3.6.2 Smart Setup Dialog
Fig. 24: Smart Setup dialog
1 Configure experiment section (add dyes, contrast method)
2 Select Camera section (if more than one camera is configured)
3 Proposals section
1 Configure experiment section (add dyes, contrast method)
2 Select Camera section (if more than one camera is configured)
3 Proposals section
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Printed 06/2012
Main tabs
Acquisition tab
Manual
1 Configure experiment section (add dyes, contrast method)
2 Select Camera section (if more than one camera is configured)
3 Proposals section
Configure your experiment (1)
Add up to four reflected light fluorescence channels and one transmitted light contrast technique
to your experiment. The added dyes or the contrast technique are shown in the Contrast /Probe
list below.
add button
Opens the Add Dye or Contrast Technique [➙ p.58] dialog window.
Select camera (2)
Only visible, if two or more cameras are configured for the system.
First select the camera which Smart Setups gives a proposal for from dropdown list.
Proposals (3)
Information
If Smart Setup is unable to make a suggestion, acquisition using the selected dyes or contrast
technique and the current microscope hardware is not possible. Select other dyes or another
contrast technique or configure your acquisition experiment using the Acquisition Mode tool
and the Channels tool.
Here you see the suggestions made by Smart Setup displayed graphically. The number of sug‐
gestions (max. 3) depends on the microscope hardware being used, the selected dyes and the
contrast technique:
Proposal
Description
Best Signal
This proposal results in the best signal strength.
Fastest
This proposal results in the fastest acquisition..
Best Compromise
This proposal results in the best compromise of signal strength
and fastest acquisition.
Emission Signal, Speed and Crosstalk
Fig. 25: Emission Signal, Speed, Crosstalk and Tracks
Carl Zeiss Microscopy GmbH
61
Main tabs
Processing tab
Manual
Nummer
Name
Beschreibung
1
Emission Signal
A filled, colored bar in the Emission Signal display field shows
the relative emission signal to be expected for the corre‐
sponding channel. The channel color corresponds to the color
of the selected dye in the Configure Experiment section.
2
Speed
A gray bar in the Speed display field represents the approxi‐
mate acquisition speed that can be expected. This is the time
required for the movement of microscope hardware during
multichannel acquisition. Camera exposure times or parame‐
ters of other acquisition dimensions are not taken into account
here.
3
Crosstalk
A hatched bar in the Crosstalk display field shows the relative
crosstalk originating from one or more dyes of other channels
that can be expected.
4
Tracks
Only visible if the Show Excitation and Show Emission check‐
boxes are activated.
The various tracks are labeled with T1, T2, etc. and the vari‐
ous channels with C1, C2, etc. The white lines show the exci‐
tation and emission spectra of the dyes schematically. The
spectra are filled in color in the places that will be acquired by
the acquisition configuration suggested by Smart Setup.
Transmitted light channels are displayed as a filled white field.
Information
The bars in the graphs only show relative values. The actual strength of the emission signal
and the crosstalk in the image can deviate substantially from this estimate, as Smart Setup
has no knowledge of the strength with which the sample has been dyed with the individual dye
components.
Show Excitation checkbox
Shows the excitation spectrum of the selected dyes in the Tracks display field.
Show Emission checkbox
Shows the emission spectrum of the selected dyes in the Tracks display field.
OK button
Adopts the suggestion displayed as the current acquisition experiment. The suggestion over‐
writes existing experiments on the Acquisition tab.
Cancel button
Ends Smart Setup. The suggestions are not adopted into the experiment.
5.4 Processing tab
On the Processing tab you will find all the functions you need for image processing using ZEN
(blue edition).
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Printed 06/2012
Main tabs
Analysis tab
Manual
Single button
Activates Single Processing mode.
In Single Processing mode you apply a selected processing method, with the relevant method
and image parameters, to a single image.
Batch button
Activates Batch Processing mode.
In Batch Processing mode you apply a selected processing method, with the relevant method
and image parameters, to the list of images.
Information
In this mode only a limited selection of processing methods is available.
Apply button
Only visible in Single Processing mode.
Applies the selected method to the input image.
Run Batch button
Only visible in Batch Processing mode.
Applies the selected method to the list of images.
See also
2 Image processing functions [➙ p.206]
5.5 Analysis tab
On the Analysis tab you will find all the functions you need for image analysis using ZEN (blue
edition).
See also
2 Interactive Measurement tool [➙ p.104]
2 Image Analysis tool [➙ p.110]
5.6 Reporting tab
On the Reporting tab you can create reports. If you have an image open and click on the Re‐
porting tab, a Report Preview is automatically generated. You can create the report directly,
change the template in the Report tool or link other images/tables.
Information
All reports in ZEN are based on templates which are then filled with data. The appearance and
content of the report are defined in the template. The creation of templates is not included as a
feature in ZEN.
Carl Zeiss Microscopy GmbH
63
Main tabs
Reporting tab
Manual
Reporting buttons
New Report Only visible if the Report Preview is not active.
button Opens the Report Preview. The appearance of the report is determined by the template, which
you can select in the Report [➙ p.126] tool.
Information
If you have an image open and click on the Reporting tab, the Report Preview opens automati‐
cally. If the Report Preview is active, the New Report button changes into the Close button.
Close button Only visible if the Report Preview is active.
Closes the Report Preview without creating a report.
Print button Only active if a report has been created.
Opens the Print Preview dialog window. Here you can configure the print settings.
Save button Only active if a report has been created, but not yet saved.
Saves the report. If the report has not yet been saved, the Save As dialog window opens. The
report is saved in *.czr (Carl Zeiss Report) format.
Export button Only active if a report has been created.
Exports the current report into your file system. The *.pdf or *.xps formats are available for the
export.
Information
All reports in ZEN are based on templates which are then filled with data. The appearance and
content of the report are defined in the templates.
See also
2 Report tool [➙ p.126]
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Printed 06/2012
Tools (blue tools)
Microscope Components tool (ZEN
lite)
Manual
6 Tools (blue tools)
6.1 Microscope Components tool (ZEN lite)
Select all the components that you have configured on your microscope i.e. objective or camera
adapter.
Information
Additionally from the information’s the scaling will be calculated automatically if you have acti‐
vated automatic scaling checkbox in Status Area.
Objective
Here you select objective that you are using currently. You will find all common objectives in the
objective dropdown list. Click on
to add a new objective. Click
button to delete an
objective from the list.
The following functions are only visible if the Show All mode is activated:
Optovar
Here you select secondary magnification. You will find all common secondary magnifications in
the optovar dropdown list.
Reflector
Here you select the reflector (i.e. BF brigthfield) or the dye (i.e. Alexa 430, fluorescence images
only). You will find all common reflectors or dyes in the reflector dropdown list.
Camera Adapter
Here you select the camera adapter.
Total Magnification
Total magnification of your system based on the selected microscope components will be calcu‐
lated and shown here.
See also
2 Camera tab (ZEN lite) [➙ p.50]
6.2 Light Path tool
In the Light Path tool you can configure the light path of components and the microscope for
your experiment. The configuration of your system (see MicroToolBox) is shown here in the
form of a graphical display. The graphical display of the light path shows all the components in
the path from the light source to the specimen and from there to the camera or eyepiece. The
icons correspond to the components that are installed on your system.
Keep the following points in mind when working with the Light Path tool:
▪ To activate/deactivate a setting, left-click on the relevant icon.
▪ Icons with an arrow in the bottom right corner contain dialog windows that allow you to con‐
figure additional settings. To open the dialog windows, left-click on the corresponding icon.
▪ Icons with a hand in the bottom left corner indicate components that have to be operated
manually.
Carl Zeiss Microscopy GmbH
65
Tools (blue tools)
Light Path tool
Manual
The following functions are only visible if the Show All mode is activated:
Interactive Control button
Activated: The Light Path tool is operated interactively via the icons.
Settings Editor button
Activated: The Settings Editor is visible. The icons of the components used in the Reflected/
Transmitted Light Path section are grayed out. To use the desired component in the light path,
activate the relevant checkbox above the icon.
Settings Editor
Here you can select from existing hardware settings or adopt the settings from the hardware be‐
ing used into the software. You can also transfer settings from the software to the hardware that
you are using.
See also
2 Locate tab [➙ p.48]
6.2.1 Reflected/Transmitted Light Path
In the graphical display of the reflected/transmitted light path you will see various optical compo‐
nents, such as the shutter, diaphragms, filters and beam splitters, depending on the microscope
you are using. All the available components must be configured in advance in the MTB (Micro‐
ToolBox). The settings for the components can be configured via the icons.
Information
If you are not using any motorized components, you will have to make the relevant adjust‐
ments manually.
Microscope Manager
To open the Microscope Manager [➙ p.68] dialog window, left-click on the Microscope Man‐
ager icon.
Reflected Light/Transmitted Light Changer
If your microscope has a halogen lamp for both reflected and transmitted light illumination, here
you can select whether you want to control the halogen lamp for reflected light illumination or
the halogen lamp for transmitted light illumination.
Shutter
To set the shutter to Open or Closed, left-click on the shutter icon. The status is displayed in
text form above the icon.
Aperture Diaphragm
To open the Aperture Diaphragm dialog window, left-click on the aperture diaphragm icon.
Enter the diaphragm opening (0% to 100%) using the slider or spin box/input field.
Filter Wheel 1
To open the Filter Wheel dialog window, left-click on the filter wheel icon.
Here you can enter the first neutral density filter (e.g. 0.4%, 6%, 100%, 100%) that you require.
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Tools (blue tools)
Light Path tool
Manual
Filter Wheel 2
To open the Filter Wheel dialog window, left-click on the filter wheel icon.
Here you can enter the second neutral density filter (e.g. 12%, 25%, 50%, 100%) that you re‐
quire.
Condenser
The condenser is only available in the Transmitted Light path.
To open the Condenser dialog window, left-click on the icon.
Select the contrast method from the dropdown list (e.g. brightfield, darkfield, phase contrast ring
1, 2, 3, DIC I, II, III).
Lens checkbox
Activated: Swings in the auxiliary lens.
Enter the condenser aperture using the N.A. slider or the spin box/input field.
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Various condenser settings can be saved in the list to allow you to restore them quickly.
Luminous Field Diaphragm
To open the Luminous Field Diaphragm dialog window, left-click on the icon.
Enter the diaphragm opening (0% to 100%) using the slider or spin box/input field.
Reflector Turret
To open the Reflector Turret dialog window, left-click on the reflector turret icon.
The filter cubes for reflected light techniques can be found in the list. Enter the desired filter
cube here (e.g. brightfield or fluorescence filter cube). The filter cube's beam splitter directs the
light through the objective and onto the sample.
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
The wavelength ranges of the fluorescence filters and beam splitters are also shown in the list.
Nosepiece
To open the Nosepiece dialog window, left-click on the nosepiece icon.
Select the desired Objective from the list.
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
In addition to the primary magnification, all the other details for each objective are also dis‐
played in the list.
Specimen Stage
In the Specimen Stage section you will find the options for Stage Control [➙ p.68] and Focus
Control [➙ p.70]. This section is highlighted in dark gray in the graphical display.
TV/Eyepiece Switch
To open the TV/Eyepiece Switch dialog window, left-click on the TV/Eyepiece Switch icon.
Select from the list whether you want to direct the light to the camera only (100% Camera), to
the camera and the eyepiece (30% Eyepiece/70% Camera) or to the eyepiece only (100% Eye‐
piece).
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Eyepiece
Above the Eyepiece icon the total magnification of the selected beam path with all activated in‐
termediate magnifications is displayed. To direct the light path fully to the eyepiece, left-click on
the eyepiece icon.
Camera
The selected camera is shown above the Camera icon.
6.2.2 Microscope Manager
Contrast Manager
Select the setting for the contrast mode from the Mode dropdown list.
Off The Contrast Manager is not used. All settings must be made manually or via a settings file.
On Demand The function of the Contrast Manager is activated via the touch screen on the microscope.
Contrast Re‐ If core components (e.g. condenser, reflector, shutter) for a certain contrast technique are
taining changed, dependent components are also changed accordingly.
Select one of the available methods for the contrast mode from the Method dropdown list.
Light Manager
Enabled checkbox
Activated: Activates the Light Manager. The Mode dropdown list in the Light Manager is active.
Select a setting for adjusting the brightness of the light from the Mode dropdown list.
Objective Adjusts the brightness of the light via the lamp voltage. The color temperature changes accord‐
ingly.
Classic Adjusts the brightness on the basis of the available filter wheels. The color temperature is re‐
tained. Only if the brightness adjustment cannot be achieved via the filter wheels does adjust‐
ment take place via the lamp voltage.
Dazzle Protection checkbox
Activated: Activates dazzle protection. Dazzle protection prevents light from passing through the
eyepiece and dazzling the user, for example when reflector positions are changed. This is main‐
ly achieved by closing the reflected or transmitted light shutter. If no shutters are installed, the
lamp voltage is adjusted.
Parafocal Correction checkbox
Activated: Activates parafocal correction.
6.2.3 Stage Control
To open the Stage Control dialog window, left-click on the Stage button.
In the Stage Control dialog window you can use the software to move stages equipped with a
motorized X/Y-drive.
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Stage control using navigation circle
CAUTION
Danger of crushing by stage!
1. Remove your fingers or any objects from the danger area before using the navigation circle
to move the stage.
In the dialog window you will see a navigation circle with a number of segments.
1. Move the mouse pointer over a segment of the circle.
⇨ The corresponding segment is highlighted.
2. To move the stage, hold down the left mouse button.
⇨ The corresponding segment is highlighted in blue. The stage keeps moving while the left
mouse button is held down. It stops when you release the left mouse button again.
Alternatively, you can control the stage using the navigation button at the center of the naviga‐
tion circle.
1. Move the mouse pointer over the navigation button.
⇨ The navigation button is highlighted.
2. Hold down the left mouse button and move the mouse in the desired direction.
⇨ The stage moves in the direction you have specified. When you release the left mouse but‐
ton the stage stops.
Information
If you control the stage using the inner segments of the circle, the travel speed is slow. If you
control it using the outer segments of the circle, it travels at a faster speed. To double the trav‐
el speed, right-click on the navigation button. All segments of the circle and the navigation but‐
ton are highlighted in red.
Stage control through entry of absolute coordinates
CAUTION! Danger of crushing by stage! If you enter absolute coordinates, the stage automati‐
cally moves to the entered position. Remove your fingers or any objects from the danger area
before entering absolute coordinates. To stop the stage movement, click on the Stop button.
Enter the absolute position in the X/Y-Position spin boxes/input fields under the navigation cir‐
cle. Confirm each entry you make with the Enter key. The stage then moves automatically to the
coordinates you have entered. The position of the stage is shown in the display fields to the
right of the spin boxes/input fields.
Stop button
Stops the stage movement.
X/Y-Position section
Set Zero Point button
Sets the current position as the new zero point for the X/Y-coordinates.
Calibrate button
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Light Path tool
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CAUTION! Danger of crushing by stage! If you perform an automatic stage calibration, the
stage moves automatically to the end positions in the X/Y-direction. Remove your fingers or any
objects from the danger area before performing automatic calibration. To stop calibration, click
on the Stop button.
Performs an automatic stage calibration. For this the stage moves to the limit switches to deter‐
mine the zero points in the X and Y-direction and then returns to its starting position, which is
now defined with its absolute coordinates.
6.2.4 Focus Control
To open the Focus Control dialog window, left-click on the Focus button.
In the Focus Control dialog window you can use the software to control stages equipped with a
motorized Z-drive.
Stage control using navigation bar
CAUTION! Danger of crushing by stage! Remove your fingers or any objects from the danger
area before using the navigation bar to move the stage.
In the dialog window you will see a navigation bar with a number of segments.
1. Move the mouse pointer over a segment.
⇨ The corresponding segment is highlighted.
2. To move the stage in the Z-direction, hold down the left mouse button.
⇨ The corresponding segment is highlighted in blue. The stage keeps moving while the left
mouse button is held down. It stops when you release the left mouse button again.
Alternatively, you can control the stage using the
navigation bar.
navigation button at the center of the
1. Move the mouse pointer over the navigation button.
⇨ The navigation button is highlighted.
2. Hold down the left mouse button and move the mouse up or down.
⇨ The stage moves in the direction you have specified. When you release the left mouse but‐
ton the stage stops.
Information
If you control the stage using the inner segments, the stage moves slowly. If you control it us‐
ing the outer segments, it travels at a faster speed. To double the travel speed, right-click on
the navigation button. All segments and the navigation button are highlighted in red.
Stage control through entry of absolute coordinates
CAUTION! Danger of crushing by stage! If you enter absolute coordinates, the stage automati‐
cally moves to the entered position. Remove your fingers or any objects from the danger area
before entering absolute coordinates. To stop the stage movement, click on the Stop button.
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Enter the absolute position in the X/Y-Position spin boxes/input fields under the navigation bar.
Confirm each entry you make with the Enter key. The stage then moves automatically to the co‐
ordinate you have entered. The position of the stage is shown in the display fields to the right of
the spin boxes/input fields.
Stop button
Stops the stage movement.
The following functions are only visible if the Show All mode is activated:
Positioning Increment spin box/input field
Here you can enter the increment for the individual travel steps.
Home button
Moves the stage to the defined start position.
Work button
Moves the stage to the last focus range set.
Load button
Lowers the stage by a predefined fixed amount, depending on the microscope. This makes it
easier to change the sample, especially in the case of immersion objectives with a short working
distance.
Measure section
Distance display field
Shows the Z-distance between the starting position and the current stage position.
Z-Position section
Set Zero Point button
Sets the current position as the new zero point for the Z-coordinates.
Calibrate button
CAUTION! Danger of crushing by stage! If you perform an automatic stage calibration, the
stage moves automatically to the end positions in the Z-direction. Remove your fingers or any
objects from the danger area before performing automatic calibration. To stop calibration, click
on the Stop button.
Performs an automatic stage calibration. For this the stage moves to the lower limit switch to
determine the absolute zero point in the Z-direction and then returns to its starting position,
which is now defined with its absolute coordinate. It is recommended that you remove the speci‐
men from the stage to do this.
6.3 Camera tool
In the Camera tool you can configure all the settings for the selected camera.
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Camera tool
Manual
See also
2 Locate tab [➙ p.48]
6.3.1 Settings section
In the Settings section you can manage your camera settings.
Default button
Resets all camera settings in the Camera tool to the factory default settings. These settings can
also be selected from the dropdown list of available camera settings to the right of the Default
button. To do this, select the Original Settings entry.
button
Opens the Options shortcut menu.
Reload button
Undoes the changes you have made to a loaded setting and restores the original status of the
loaded setting.
6.3.1.1 Options
New menu item
Creates a new camera setting. Enter a name for the camera setting in the input field. To save
the camera setting, click on the Diskette icon to the right of the input field.
Rename menu item
Renames the current camera setting. Enter another name for the camera setting in the input
field. To save the camera setting, click on the Diskette icon to the right of the input field.
Save menu item
Saves the current camera setting.
Save As menu item
Saves the current camera setting under a new name. Enter a new name in the input field. To
save the camera setting, click on the Diskette icon to the right of the input field.
Import menu item
Imports an existing camera setting.
Export menu item
Exports the selected camera setting.
Delete menu item
Deletes the selected camera setting.
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6.3.2 Exposure section
In the Exposure Time section you can set the desired exposure time for your image. You can
have the exposure time calculated automatically using the Measurement button or set it man‐
ually using the Time slider or the spin box/input field.
Time slider
Set the exposure time here or enter the desired value in the spin box/input field. Select the units
of time (ms, s) from the dropdown list to the right of the spin box/input field.
Auto Exposure checkbox
Activated: Calculates the exposure time automatically before each image is acquired.
Set Exposure button
Starts a one-off system measurement of the exposure time, which is used for all subsequent im‐
ages.
The following functions are only visible if the Show All mode is activated:
Auto Exposure Intensity spin box/input field
Here you can set the actual exposure time to between 5% and 200% of the measured value.
This is helpful in the case of fluorescence images to prevent overexposure or to make signals
stand out more clearly. You can change the value by increments using the arrow buttons or you
can enter the desired value directly using the keyboard. To do this, you must activate the num‐
ber already present using the cursor. Complete the entry by using the Tab or Enter key.
Spot Meter / Focus ROI checkbox
Here you can use the cursor to set a region in the live image to which the exposure time meas‐
urement will be restricted. The same region is also used as the region for the autofocus setting.
6.3.3 White Balance section
Only active if a color camera has been selected.
Auto button
Sets the white balance automatically.
Pick button
Select a point in the image as a reference point for the white balance.
3200K button
Sets the color temperature to 3200K.
5500K button
Sets the color temperature to 5500K.
Show Channels checkbox
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Activated: Displays 3 sliders to allow each color channel to be set precisely.
Color Offset slider
Here you can set the color temperature.
Saturation slider
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Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Here you can set the saturation.
Reset button
Resets all settings to the default values.
6.3.4 Mode section
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Color Mode button
RGB Sets the color mode to RGB.
B/W Sets the color mode to B/W.
Live Speed dropdown list
Here you can select the speed of the live mode. You can choose between Slow, Medium and
Fast.
Resolution dropdown list
Here you can select the camera resolution.
Binning dropdown list
Here you can select the binning mode for the camera.
NIR Mode checkbox
When the checkbox is active you can use the camera in the near infrared range.
6.3.5 Acquisition ROI section
In this section you can define a particular area that you want to be acquired.
After clicking on the Update Overview button, in the window on the left you will see a Preview of
your sample under the camera. The Pixel Size below the preview window indicates the size of a
pixel depending on the scaling set. The blue frame indicates the selected area. The entire pre‐
view window is highlighted by default. To change the area, move the mouse pointer over the
blue frame. The mouse pointer will appear as a double-headed arrow. If you hold down the
mouse button and move the mouse, you can change the size of the frame and in this way high‐
light a certain area on the sample. To move the area, position the mouse pointer inside the
frame. The mouse pointer will appear as a four-headed arrow. If you hold down the mouse but‐
ton and move the mouse, the frame can be moved.
Maximize button
Maximizes the frame to the maximum size in the preview window.
Center button
Positions a frame that has been changed precisely at the center of the image.
Size input field
Here you can enter the size of the frame that you want. Depending on the camera type availa‐
ble, select from the predefined sizes in the dropdown list (1388x1040, 1024x1024, 512x512,
256x256, 128x128). Alternatively you also have the option of entering the Size in X and Y, and
the top left Start position. You can change the values by increments using the arrow buttons
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next to the input windows or you can enter the desired values directly using the keyboard. To do
this, you must activate the number already present using the cursor. Complete the entry by us‐
ing the Tab or Enter key.
Offset input field
Here you can enter the start position for the frame, measured from the top left corner.
Refresh Overview button
Adopts the image from the camera into the preview window.
6.3.6 Post-Processing section
Depending on which camera you are using, some functions are not visible. The most important
functions are explained in the section below.
Black Reference checkbox
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Only active if you have defined a black reference via the Define button.
Activated: Applies the measured black reference to the image.
Deactivated: The measured black reference is not used. The reference image is retained.
Define button
Automatically defines the black reference. To do this a reference image is acquired, from which
the black reference is measured. The light path to the camera must be closed and the lamp
must be switched on for the measurement. The measurement lasts for several seconds. The
Black Reference checkbox is then activated automatically.
Shading Correction checkbox
Only active if you have defined a shading correction via the Define button.
Activated: Applies the measured shading correction to the image.
Deactivated: The measured shading correction is not used. The reference image is retained.
Define button
Automatically defines the shading correction. To do this you will acquire a reference image for
the shading correction. An empty image without structures is required to measure the shading
image. Move the slide to an empty position on the sample with no artifacts in the image. The
Shading Correction checkbox is activated automatically after the definition.
Enable Noise Filter checkbox
Activated: The Limit slider and the spin box/input field are active.
Enter the limit for the noise filter using the slider or spin box/input field.
Enable Unsharp Mask checkbox
Activated: Emphasizes edges in the image more clearly.
Strength slider
Enter the strength of the filtering using the slider or spin box/input field.
The following functions are only visible if the Show All mode is activated:
Radius slider
Enter the radius of the filtering using the slider or spin box/input field.
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Color Mode dropdown list
Here you can select the desired color mode. You can choose between RGB or Luminance.
Auto Contrast checkbox
Activated: The Contrast Tolerance slider and spin box/input field are active.
Enter the contrast tolerance (0-20) using the slider or spin box/input field.
Clip to Valid Bit Number checkbox
Activated: Limits the setting option for the Contrast Tolerance function to a valid bit number.
Diese
6.3.7 Trigger Control section
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
Trigger Out
As soon as this output is activated, you can select the polarity with which you want this signal to
be generated.
Enable for Snap checkbox
When this checkbox is activated, the shutter pulse is only generated during acquisition. If you
want a trigger signal to be generated both during the live image and during acquisition, both
checkboxes must be activated simultaneously.
Enable for Live checkbox
When this checkbox is activated, the shutter pulse is only generated during the live image. If
you want a trigger signal to be generated both during the live image and during acquisition, both
checkboxes must be activated simultaneously.
Control Signal dropdown list
Active High means that the Control Signal jumps from 0V to 5V when the camera's exposure
begins and returns to 0V following exposure.
Active Low means that the Control Signal jumps from 5V to 0V when the camera's exposure
begins and returns to 5V following exposure.
Configure this behavior in accordance with the requirements of the device that you have con‐
nected.
Shutter Open Delay input field
Due to the inertia of the masses being moved, a mechanical shutter needs a certain amount of
time to change from the closed to the open position after the control signal has been generated.
To ensure the sensor does not record this transitional state when it is exposed, which would
lead to uneven exposure, it is possible to delay the start of actual acquisition. Enter a value in
accordance with the data for the device that you have connected. The delay time can be set
from 0 to 819 ms.
Trigger In
If the camera that you are using has a control input, you can also trigger acquisition by means
of an external control pulse.
Enable for Snap checkbox
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When this checkbox is activated, acquisition after a snap command is only triggered following
the input of the control signal.
Control Signal dropdown list
Active High means that the Control Signal jumps from 0V to 5V when the camera's exposure
begins and returns to 0V following exposure.
Active Low means that the Control Signal jumps from 5V to 0V when the camera's exposure
begins and returns to 5V following exposure.
Configure this behavior in accordance with the requirements of the device that you have con‐
nected.
6.3.8 Model Specific section
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
Orientation dropdown list
Here you can select the orientation of the camera image. This allows you to adjust the camera
image to the properties of the different camera ports. The following selection options are availa‐
ble:
▪ Original
▪ Horizontal Flip
▪ Vertical Flip
▪ -90° Rotation
▪ +90° Rotation
▪ 180° Rotation
▪ -45° Flip
▪ +45° Flip
Default button
Resets all settings to the default values.
6.4 Software Autofocus tool
Quality section
Basic Selects the simple and fast algorithm to calculate the software autofocus.
Best Selects a more complex, optimized algorithm to calculate the software autofocus.
Range Coverage section
Smart Sets a part of the travel range as the region for determining the autofocus.
Full Sets the full travel range as the region for determining the autofocus.
Sampling section
Coarse Uses a large Z-distance between the individual focus images that are used to calculate the best
focus position.
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Movie Recorder tool
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Optimal Uses a medium Z-distance between the individual focus images that are used to calculate the
best focus position.
Fine Uses a small Z-distance between the individual focus images that are used to calculate the best
focus position.
Autofocus Search Range section
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Relative Range button
Activated: The software autofocus is calculated over a relative range.
Automatic Range checkbox
Activated: Calculates the range for the autofocus search automatically depending on the objec‐
tive set.
Range spin box/input field
Only active if the Automatic Range checkbox is not activated.
Enter a range here that you want to be used for the autofocus search.
Step Size display field
Shows the distance between the individual focus images set in the Range section.
Fixed Range button
Activated: The software autofocus is calculated over a fixed range.
Set Last button
Defines the current Z-position as the end point for the software autofocus. Alternatively, you can
enter the desired value in the spin box/input field to the left of the button.
Set First button
Defines the current Z-position as the start point for the software autofocus. Alternatively, you
can enter the desired value in the spin box/input field to the left of the button.
Autofocus ROI section
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
Spot Meter / Focus ROI checkbox
Activated: Spot measurement is used to calculate the software autofocus.
See also
2 Locate tab [➙ p.48]
6.5 Movie Recorder tool
In the Movie Recorder tool you can acquire image sequences in the form of videos using the
camera's fastest burst mode.
Start Movie button
Starts acquisition. The button changes into the Pause button.The animated Stop button appears
in the window above the button.
Pause Movie button
Pauses acquisition. The button changes into the Continue button.
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Continue Movie button
Continues acquisition if it has been paused. The button changes into the Pause button.
Stop button
Stops acquisition. Save the acquired movies either in the internal CZI format or as a series of
individual images via File menu | Export or as an AVI file via File | Export Film.
See also
2 Locate tab [➙ p.48]
6.6 Light Path Settings tool
In the Light Path Settings tool you can view and change the hardware settings used in the ex‐
periment. You will see a graphical display of the acquisition light path with various icons. The
arrangement of the icons represents the typical set-up of the various microscope components
on your system.
Information
Please note that the Light Path tool can be found on the Locate tab. In some cases this has a
similar appearance and similar control elements. Its function differs, however, from the Light
Path Settings tool described here.
See also
2 Acquisition tab [➙ p.50]
6.6.1 Before Experiment/After Experiment section
Here you can edit the hardware settings that should be applied before and after the experiment.
Before Experiment list item
Shows the name of the hardware setting that will be applied immediately before the experiment.
After Experiment list item
Shows the name of the hardware setting that will be applied immediately after the experiment.
Option buttons
Open the Options shortcut menus for the relevant hardware settings.
Go! buttons
Apply the selected hardware settings.
Previous/Next buttons
The Previous/Next buttons allow you to navigate through the various hardware settings.
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Light Path Settings tool
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6.6.1.1 Options
Edit Setting/ Light Path
Opens a light path dialog in which you can change the relevant hardware setting.
Set to none
Removes the existing hardware setting.
Get Current Hardware
Adopts the current device status.
Experiment Settings Pool
The shortcut menu shows a list of the existing hardware settings.
Harddrive Folder Settings
The shortcut menu shows a list of the saved hardware settings.
From File
Opens the Import Hardware Settings dialog window. Select a ZIS hardware settings file
(*.czhws).
Export to User Folder Settings
Exports the current hardware setting.
6.6.2 Acquisition Light Path section
In the graphical display of the acquisition light path you can see the typical set-up of all the mi‐
croscope components on your system. The associated hardware settings are shown above the
icons and can be changed here. To change the relevant hardware settings, left-click on the
icons. In the shortcut menus you will see numerous selection and setting options for adjusting
your settings.
Information
Any change you make is automatically adopted and written to the corresponding hardware set‐
ting of the experiment. If you want to undo these changes, do not save the experiment. In‐
stead, reload the experiment in the Experiment Manager.
If you change the hardware settings in the Acquisition Light Path section, please bear the fol‐
lowing points in mind:
▪ Components with an activated checkbox are adopted into the hardware settings of the ex‐
periment and subsequently applied in the experiment. These components are displayed with
a colored icon.
▪ Components with a deactivated checkbox are not adopted into the hardware settings of the
experiment and are not subsequently applied in the experiment. These components are dis‐
played with a grayed-out icon.
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▪ Components with a filled-in checkbox and a triangle underneath are only partially adopted
into the hardware settings of the experiment and subsequently applied in the experiment. To
show the sub-components, click on the triangle under the checkbox. To adopt the sub-com‐
ponents into the hardware settings of the experiment and subsequently apply them in the
experiment, activate the relevant checkboxes for the sub-components.
6.6.3 Hardware Setting section
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Remove button
Removes hardware settings that are not being used from your experiment.
Information
If you frequently change an experiment, e.g. delete channels and add them again, unused
hardware settings build up. Only remove settings if you will no longer need them in the future.
List of Settings Available in Experiment
Shows all the hardware settings available in the experiment. You can add further hardware set‐
tings to your experiment using the
button. Use the
button to delete the selected
hardware setting.
6.7 Acquisition Mode tool
In the Acquisition Mode tool you can set the various microscope camera parameters that you
want to apply for the entire experiment. Microscope camera settings that are configured in the
Acquisition Mode tool apply to all channels or tracks acquired using this camera.
Information
If you have created an experiment using the Experiment Designer tool, the settings in the Ac‐
quisition Mode tool only apply to the relevant experiment block and may differ in the next
block.
In terms of its content and appearance, the Acquisition Mode tool is largely dependent on which
camera(s) or devices are available on your system.
Example 1
If only one microscope camera is configured on your system, the Acquisition Mode tool on the
Acquisition tab scarcely differs from the Camera tool on the Locate tab. In this case the expo‐
sure time settings are not available in the Acquisition Mode tool.
Example 2
If additional devices are configured on your system, e.g. a VivaTome or ApoTome, correspond‐
ing sections are available in the Acquisition Mode tool.
See also
2 Acquisition tab [➙ p.50]
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Acquisition Mode tool
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6.7.1 Selected Camera section
Only visible if at least two cameras are connected to the system and these are both being used
in the current experiment.
Here you can select the camera that you want to configure in the Acquisition Mode tool. All set‐
tings then apply to this camera only.
Information
Dual camera experiments, which use two identical camera types, form an exception here. If
two cameras of the same type are used within a track, the camera settings can no longer be
changed independently of one another in the Acquisition Mode tool; instead they are synchron‐
ized.
6.7.2 Settings From Locate Tab section
Get button
Transfers the settings from the Camera tool on the Locate tab to the Acquisition Mode tool.
Default button
Resets all settings to the default settings.
6.7.3 White Balance section
Only active if a color camera has been selected.
Auto button
Sets the white balance automatically.
Pick button
Select a point in the image as a reference point for the white balance.
3200K button
Sets the color temperature to 3200K.
5500K button
Sets the color temperature to 5500K.
Show Channels checkbox
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Activated: Displays 3 sliders to allow each color channel to be set precisely.
Color Offset slider
Here you can set the color temperature.
Saturation slider
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Here you can set the saturation.
Reset button
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Resets all settings to the default values.
6.7.4 Mode section
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Color Mode button
RGB Sets the color mode to RGB.
B/W Sets the color mode to B/W.
Live Speed dropdown list
Here you can select the speed of the live mode. You can choose between Slow, Medium and
Fast.
Resolution dropdown list
Here you can select the camera resolution.
Binning dropdown list
Here you can select the binning mode for the camera.
NIR Mode checkbox
When the checkbox is active you can use the camera in the near infrared range.
6.7.5 Acquisition ROI section
In this section you can define a particular area that you want to be acquired.
After clicking on the Update Overview button, in the window on the left you will see a Preview of
your sample under the camera. The Pixel Size below the preview window indicates the size of a
pixel depending on the scaling set. The blue frame indicates the selected area. The entire pre‐
view window is highlighted by default. To change the area, move the mouse pointer over the
blue frame. The mouse pointer will appear as a double-headed arrow. If you hold down the
mouse button and move the mouse, you can change the size of the frame and in this way high‐
light a certain area on the sample. To move the area, position the mouse pointer inside the
frame. The mouse pointer will appear as a four-headed arrow. If you hold down the mouse but‐
ton and move the mouse, the frame can be moved.
Maximize button
Maximizes the frame to the maximum size in the preview window.
Center button
Positions a frame that has been changed precisely at the center of the image.
Size input field
Here you can enter the size of the frame that you want. Depending on the camera type availa‐
ble, select from the predefined sizes in the dropdown list (1388x1040, 1024x1024, 512x512,
256x256, 128x128). Alternatively you also have the option of entering the Size in X and Y, and
the top left Start position. You can change the values by increments using the arrow buttons
next to the input windows or you can enter the desired values directly using the keyboard. To do
this, you must activate the number already present using the cursor. Complete the entry by us‐
ing the Tab or Enter key.
Offset input field
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Acquisition Mode tool
Manual
Here you can enter the start position for the frame, measured from the top left corner.
Refresh Overview button
Adopts the image from the camera into the preview window.
6.7.6 Post-Processing section
Depending on which camera you are using, some functions are not visible. The most important
functions are explained in the section below.
Black Reference checkbox
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Only active if you have defined a black reference via the Define button.
Activated: Applies the measured black reference to the image.
Deactivated: The measured black reference is not used. The reference image is retained.
Define button
Automatically defines the black reference. To do this a reference image is acquired, from which
the black reference is measured. The light path to the camera must be closed and the lamp
must be switched on for the measurement. The measurement lasts for several seconds. The
Black Reference checkbox is then activated automatically.
Shading Correction checkbox
Only active if you have defined a shading correction via the Define button.
Activated: Applies the measured shading correction to the image.
Deactivated: The measured shading correction is not used. The reference image is retained.
Define button
Automatically defines the shading correction. To do this you will acquire a reference image for
the shading correction. An empty image without structures is required to measure the shading
image. Move the slide to an empty position on the sample with no artifacts in the image. The
Shading Correction checkbox is activated automatically after the definition.
Enable Noise Filter checkbox
Activated: The Limit slider and the spin box/input field are active.
Enter the limit for the noise filter using the slider or spin box/input field.
Enable Unsharp Mask checkbox
Activated: Emphasizes edges in the image more clearly.
Strength slider
Enter the strength of the filtering using the slider or spin box/input field.
The following functions are only visible if the Show All mode is activated:
Radius slider
Enter the radius of the filtering using the slider or spin box/input field.
Color Mode dropdown list
Here you can select the desired color mode. You can choose between RGB or Luminance.
Auto Contrast checkbox
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Acquisition Mode tool
Manual
Activated: The Contrast Tolerance slider and spin box/input field are active.
Enter the contrast tolerance (0-20) using the slider or spin box/input field.
Clip to Valid Bit Number checkbox
Activated: Limits the setting option for the Contrast Tolerance function to a valid bit number.
Diese
6.7.7 Trigger Control section
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
Trigger Out
As soon as this output is activated, you can select the polarity with which you want this signal to
be generated.
Enable for Snap checkbox
When this checkbox is activated, the shutter pulse is only generated during acquisition. If you
want a trigger signal to be generated both during the live image and during acquisition, both
checkboxes must be activated simultaneously.
Enable for Live checkbox
When this checkbox is activated, the shutter pulse is only generated during the live image. If
you want a trigger signal to be generated both during the live image and during acquisition, both
checkboxes must be activated simultaneously.
Control Signal dropdown list
Active High means that the Control Signal jumps from 0V to 5V when the camera's exposure
begins and returns to 0V following exposure.
Active Low means that the Control Signal jumps from 5V to 0V when the camera's exposure
begins and returns to 5V following exposure.
Configure this behavior in accordance with the requirements of the device that you have con‐
nected.
Shutter Open Delay input field
Due to the inertia of the masses being moved, a mechanical shutter needs a certain amount of
time to change from the closed to the open position after the control signal has been generated.
To ensure the sensor does not record this transitional state when it is exposed, which would
lead to uneven exposure, it is possible to delay the start of actual acquisition. Enter a value in
accordance with the data for the device that you have connected. The delay time can be set
from 0 to 819 ms.
Trigger In
If the camera that you are using has a control input, you can also trigger acquisition by means
of an external control pulse.
Enable for Snap checkbox
When this checkbox is activated, acquisition after a snap command is only triggered following
the input of the control signal.
Control Signal dropdown list
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Acquisition Mode tool
Manual
Active High means that the Control Signal jumps from 0V to 5V when the camera's exposure
begins and returns to 0V following exposure.
Active Low means that the Control Signal jumps from 5V to 0V when the camera's exposure
begins and returns to 5V following exposure.
Configure this behavior in accordance with the requirements of the device that you have con‐
nected.
6.7.8 Model Specific section
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
Orientation dropdown list
Here you can select the orientation of the camera image. This allows you to adjust the camera
image to the properties of the different camera ports. The following selection options are availa‐
ble:
▪ Original
▪ Horizontal Flip
▪ Vertical Flip
▪ -90° Rotation
▪ +90° Rotation
▪ 180° Rotation
▪ -45° Flip
▪ +45° Flip
Default button
Resets all settings to the default values.
6.7.9 Other Devices section
VivaTome section
Only visible if you have connected a VivaTome to your system.
Functions...
ApoTome section
Only visible if you have connected an ApoTome to your system.
Functions...
6.7.10 Fast Acquisition section
In this section, 3 modes are available for defining how acquisition is performed.
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Channels tool
Manual
Interactive mode
Acquisition is comparatively slow. You can intervene manually at certain points during acquisi‐
tion.
Triggered mode
Fast acquisition via the hardware.
Compromise mode
The Compromise mode is activated automatically if only individual hardware components, but
not the whole system, are compatible with the Triggered mode for acquiring an experiment.
Validate button
To establish whether the system is able to perform an experiment in Triggered mode, click on
the Validate button.
6.8 Channels tool
In the Channels tool you can configure channels for acquisition. The tool offers you the option of
entering the hardware settings for acquisition manually or performing the configuration automat‐
ically.
See also
2 Acquisition tab [➙ p.50]
6.8.1 Channels list
If you have not yet defined a channel or all channels have been deleted, you will only see an
empty list here. To add a channel, click on the
button. The other sections will only be visible
once you have added one or more channels.
Please bear the following points in mind for the Channels list:
▪ The selected channel is highlighted by a light gray bar.
▪ The reference channel is highlighted by a blue font color.
▪ The preview color for the channel is shown on the right in the list. To change the preview
color for the channel, click on the colored rectangle with the arrow icon and select an alter‐
native color from the shortcut menu. The preview color is also shown in the sections for
channel-specific hardware settings as a thin line on the left-hand side.
add button
Opens the Add Dye or Contrast Technique [➙ p.58] dialog window.
Information
If you select a dye or contrast technique in the Add Dye or Contrast Technique dialog, a sug‐
gestion for the hardware settings for the acquisition of this channel is made automatically. If no
suggestion can be made, a channel without hardware settings is added. You will then see a
corresponding indication in the status area of the program interface.
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Channels tool
Manual
button
Only active if you have added a channel to the list.
Selects the channel below the selected channel.
button
Only active if you have added a channel to the list.
Selects the channel above the selected channel.
button
Only active if you have added a channel to the list.
Deletes the selected channel.
button
Opens the Options [➙ p.88] shortcut menu.
6.8.1.1 Options
New menu item
Opens the Add Dye or Contrast Technique [➙ p.58] dialog window.
Copy menu item
Creates a copy of the selected channels.
Rename menu item
Opens a dialog that allows you to change the name of the dye or contrast technique for the se‐
lected channel.
Reset Color menu item
Resets the setting for the channel's preview color to the original color.
Select All menu item
Selects all channels in the list.
Delete menu item
Deletes the selected channel.
Delete All menu item
Deletes all existing channels.
Compare menu item
Opens the Compare Channels dialog window. In this dialog window all selected channels are
displayed in a horizontal arrangement. This view allows you to compare the selected channels
more easily.
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6.8.2 Channel-specific settings
The settings always relate to the channel you have selected in the Channels list.
To show the settings for all channels, click on the
button | Select All in the Channels list.
6.8.2.1 Light Source section
In the Light Source section you can select the available light sources and enter the correspond‐
ing settings. Here you can adjust the parameters of the light sources without having to save
these in the hardware settings. You can therefore adjust the intensity of the laser lines or LEDs,
for example, immediately before starting acquisition.
If your system is equipped with a TIRF slider, the TIRF angle and type of illumination can also
be set here.
Light Source dropdown list
Select the light source here.
If you select the Use Hardware Setting entry, the settings for the light sources disappear. The
light source parameters from the hardware settings are used instead for the acquisition of the
channel.
6.8.2.2 Camera Settings section
Dye Name input field
In the input field after the selected dye you can enter an additional name.
Camera dropdown list
Select the desired camera for the channel from the dropdown list.
Time slider
Enter the exposure time for the camera using the Time slider or spin box/input field. Select the
unit of time from the dropdown list to the right of the spin box/input field.
Range spin box/input field
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Here you can enter the range of the camera's dynamic range that is utilized.
Auto checkbox
Activated: Automatically determines the camera's exposure time for the channel. The value set
manually is ignored.
Measure button
Starts an exposure time measurement for the channel. After the measurement the value is
adopted as the exposure time setting.
The following functions are only visible if the Show All mode is activated:
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Experiment Designer tool
Manual
Focus Offset spin box/input field
Here you can enter the focus offset from the channel to the Z-position of the reference channel
or to the current position.
Display dropdown list
Here you can select an existing predefined display setting. You must have previously saved a
predefined display setting in *.CZDSP format.
Set button
Adopts the selected predefined display setting. The values are shown in the display fields.
Remove button
Deletes the selected predefined display setting.
Z-Stack Mode dropdown list
Only visible if the Z-Stack checkbox is activated in the Experiment Manager.
Selection option
Function
Yes
Acquires a Z-stack as defined in the Z-Stack
tool.
No
Does not acquire a Z-stack, only the central
focal plane.
No, fill with central plane
Does not acquire a Z-stack, only the central
focal plane, and copies this to all Z-planes of
the image in this channel.
No, fill with black
Does not acquire a Z-stack, only the central
focal plane. All the other Z-planes of the im‐
age are filled with black images.
6.9 Experiment Designer tool
Information
The Experiment Designer tool is only available if the Show All Tools checkbox is activated in
the Experiment Manager.
In the Experiment Designer tool you can create experiments for multidimensional acquisition.
The experiments can consist of any number of components. A component is referred to as an
experiment block. Each experiment block has a distinct number, which is shown above the
block. Special actions that influence the course of an experiment are performed by means of a
special block. In the Show All mode you can define repetitions and specify the number of image
files.
See also
2 Acquisition tab [➙ p.50]
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Experiment Designer tool
Manual
6.9.1 Enable Experiment Designer section
Activate Experiment Designer Mode checkbox
Activated: The Experiment Designer Mode is active. The entire experiment is saved in the Ex‐
periment Manager. If you now click on the Start Experiment button in the Experiment Manager,
all active blocks are run.
Deactivated: The Experiment Designer Mode is deactivated. Only the most recently selected
experiment block is saved.
6.9.2 Acquisition Block section
Add New button
Creates a new, empty experiment block.
Duplicate button
Creates an exact copy of the selected block.
Delete button
Deletes the selected block from your experiment.
6.9.3 Add Special Block section
Delay button
Adds the Delay special block. This block pauses the experiment for a predefined period. Set the
length of the pause using the slider or selection field to the right of the button. Change the unit
of time using the dropdown menu to the right of the selection field.
Wait button
Adds the Wait special block. This block displays a user-defined message and interrupts the ex‐
periment until the message is confirmed with OK. Enter the desired message into the input field
to the right of the button.
Execute button
Adds the Apply special block. This block applies a change to the hardware.
Sequential checkbox
Activated: Runs the next experiment block immediately and irrespective of the duration of the
hardware change.
Deactivated: Only runs the next experiment block once the hardware setting has been applied.
button
Opens the Options shortcut menu.
Go! button
Applies the selected hardware setting immediately.
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Experiment Designer tool
Manual
6.9.3.1 Options
Edit Setting/ Light Path
Opens a light path dialog in which you can change the relevant hardware setting.
Set to none
Removes the existing hardware setting.
Get Current Hardware
Adopts the current device status.
Experiment Settings Pool
The shortcut menu shows a list of the existing hardware settings.
Harddrive Folder Settings
The shortcut menu shows a list of the saved hardware settings.
From File
Opens the Import Hardware Settings dialog window. Select a ZIS hardware settings file
(*.czhws).
Export to User Folder Settings
Exports the current hardware setting.
6.9.4 One Image File Per Acquisition Block section
1 separate image document / acquisition block checkbox
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Activated: One separate image file is created per acquisition block.
Deactivated: A single image file is created for all images of the active experiment.
6.9.5 Loops and Repetitions section
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
In the Loops and Repetitions section you can specify which experiment blocks should be repea‐
ted during the course of the experiment. You can define as many repetitions as you like for each
experiment. An experiment block may only appear once within the repetitions defined.
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Z-Stack tool
Manual
Information
If you define several repetitions, the following conditions must be met:
- Repetitions must form a complete unit
- One repetition may not be placed within another
If these conditions are not met, the repetition cannot be performed. In this case a yellow warn‐
ing symbol appears under the Active field.
Loops field
Enter the number of loops that you want to be performed in the spin box/input field.
Start field
Enter the number of the starting block in the spin box/input field.
End field
Enter the number of the end block in the spin box/input field.
Active field
If the checkbox after the repetition in question is activated, this repetition is performed in the ex‐
periment.
button
Adds a new repetition to the experiment.
button
Deletes the selected repetition.
6.10 Z-Stack tool
In the Z-Stack tool you can configure acquisitions that comprise several Z-planes of your sam‐
ple. You can set all the parameters manually or have configuration performed automatically.
Information
The Z-Stack tool is only available if you have activated the Z-Stack checkbox in the Experi‐
ment Manager | Acquisition Dimensions.
See also
2 Acquisition tab [➙ p.50]
6.10.1 Automatic Configuration
Automatic configuration is performed in the Z-Stack Autoconfiguration section at the bottom of
the tool. The following parameters are set automatically:
▪ Z-position of the central plane
▪ Distance between the individual planes
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Z-Stack tool
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▪ Number of section planes
Information
Before you perform automatic configuration, the current focus position must be at the center of
the sample. The camera's current field of view must always be at a position on the sample that
shows a signal in the selected channel.
Information
Automatic Z-stack configuration only works with microscopes and systems that do not use an
optical sectioning technique. If you use an ApoTome, VivaTome, Spinning Disc (CSU) or an‐
other technique for generating optical sections, the Z-stack must be configured manually.
Configure Z-Stack button
Automatically configures the Z-stack using the current sample.
6.10.2 Manual Configuration
Information
Z-stack images are always acquired from bottom to top automatically, irrespective of whether
you have defined the top or bottom Z-plane of your stack as the first Z-plane. This acquisition
sequence increases the accuracy of the Z-positioning.
First/Last button
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Activates the First/Last acquisition mode.
Activate the First/Last button if you want to specify manually which Z-plane is acquired first and
which is acquired last.
Center button
Activates the Center acquisition mode.
Activate the Center button if you want to specify the central Z-plane manually.
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Z-Stack Preview
The graphic in the left tool area represents the configured Z-stack. In the case of inverse micro‐
scopes the objective appears in stylized form at the bottom of the Z-stack. In the case of upright
systems it appears at the top.
The blue plane indicates the current section plane. The round L, C and F buttons refer to the
corresponding planes (L = Last, C = Center, F = First). To change the current Z-position, click
on the relevant buttons. The blue plane then jumps to the desired position.
The values at the top and bottom of the measurement scale on the right-hand side of the graph‐
ic indicate the distance to the center of the Z-stack.
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Z-Stack tool
Manual
The Position display field below the graphic indicates the Z-position at which the section plane
is located. Here you can navigate precisely to the relevant Z-positions.
The Section display field below the graphic indicates the number of the section in question.
6.10.2.1 First/Last acquisition mode
Last button
Sets the position for the last Z-plane. You can also enter the value in the input field to the right
of the button.
Range display field
Displays the range of the configured Z-stack from the last to the first section plane.
Sections input field
Here you can enter the number of section planes that you want.
Interval input field
Here you can enter the desired distance between the section planes.
Optimal button
This button shows the distance calculated for the channels set and the current microscope ac‐
cording to the Nyquist criterion. If you click on this button, this value is automatically adopted
into the Interval input field.
Keep radio button
Interval Keeps the set interval between the section planes constant if you change configuration parame‐
ters in the Z-Stack tool.
Section Keeps the set number of section planes constant.
First button
Sets the position for the first Z-plane. You can also enter the value in the input field to the right
of the button.
6.10.2.2 Center acquisition mode
Range display field
Displays the range of the configured Z-stack from the last to the first section plane.
Sections input field
Here you can enter the number of section planes that you want.
Interval input field
Here you can enter the desired distance between the section planes.
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Tiles tool
Manual
Optimal button
This button shows the distance calculated for the channels set and the current microscope ac‐
cording to the Nyquist criterion. If you click on this button, this value is automatically adopted
into the Interval input field.
Keep radio button
Interval Keeps the set interval between the section planes constant if you change configuration parame‐
ters in the Z-Stack tool.
Section Keeps the set number of section planes constant.
Center button
Sets the position for the central Z-plane. You can also enter the value in the input field to the
right of the button.
Offset input field
Here you can enter an offset value if you want to shift the acquisition of the Z-stack relative to
the focus position.
6.11 Tiles tool
In the Tiles tool you can configure the acquisition of images that consist of several image fields
(tile regions) and positions. If an image is made up of several tile regions, we also talk of a mo‐
saic image. Here you can enter the positions, the number of tiles and other specifications relat‐
ing to the size, area and distribution of the images on the sample carrier.
Information
The Tiles tool is only available if you have activated the Tiles checkbox in the Experiment Man‐
ager | Acquisition Dimensions. This checkbox is only visible if you have a corresponding li‐
cense and a motorized microscope stage has been detected.
See also
2 Acquisition Dimensions [➙ p.54]
2 Acquisition tab [➙ p.50]
6.11.1 Advanced Setup section
Advanced Setup button
Opens the Tiles Advanced Setup View [➙ p.193] in the Center Screen Area for the Tiles tool.
6.11.2 Add Tile Region section
Contour section
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Defines the outline of the tile region that you are adding. To add a rectangular tile region, click
on the Rectangle button. To add a circular tile region, click on the Circle button.
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Manual
Tiles button
Selects the number of tile regions as a reference for the size of the tile region. Enter the number
of tile regions in the X/Y spin boxes/input fields. If you are adding a circular tile region, enter the
number of tile regions in the Diameter spin box/input field.
Size button
Selects the size as a reference for the size of the tile region. Enter the size of the tiles in the X/Y
spin boxes/input fields. If you are adding a circular tile region, enter the diameter of the tile re‐
gions in the Diameter spin box/input field.
button
Adds the tile region to the Tile Regions list and activates it for acquisition.
Added tiles are displayed in the form of red grids in the stage view. Sie können die Gitter belie‐
big
6.11.3 Add Position section
X-Position display field
Displays the X coordinate of the current position.
Y-Position display field
Displays the Y coordinate of the current position.
button
Adds the current position to the Positions list and activates it for acquisition.
6.11.4 Tile Regions and Positions section
6.11.4.1 Tile Regions tab
Tile Regions list
Displays the added tile regions. The list contains the following columns:
Checkbox Activates the relevant list entry for acquisition.
Name Displays the name of the tile region.
Contour Displays the contour of the tile region.
Lock Indicates whether the tile region can be changed.
Category Displays the category of the tile region.
Tiles Displays the number of tile regions.
Size Displays the size of the tile region.
Z Displays the Z-position of the tile region.
button
Deletes the selected list entry.
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Tiles tool
Manual
Unlock button
Unlocks the selected list entry to prevent editing.
6.11.4.2 Positions tab
Individual Positions button
Displays the individual positions you have added in the Individual Positions list.
Position Array button
Displays the position arrays you have added in the list.
Individual Positions list
Checkbox Activates the relevant list entry for acquisition.
Name Displays the name of the individual position.
Contour Displays the contour of the individual position.
Category Displays the category of the position.
X Displays the X-position of the position.
Y Displays the Y-position of the position.
Z Displays the Z-position of the position.
button
Deletes the selected list entry.
Lock button
Locks the selected list entry to prevent editing.
Position Arrays list
Checkbox Activates the relevant list entry for acquisition.
Name Displays the name of the individual position.
Contour Displays the contour of the individual position.
Category Displays the category of the position.
Positions Displays the number of positions in a position array.
Size Displays the size of a position array.
button
Deletes the selected list entry.
Lock button
Locks the selected list entry to prevent editing.
Positions of Selected Array list
The individual positions of the selected array are displayed here. The description of the table
columns corresponds to that of the Individual Positions list.
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6.11.5 Options section
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Here you can determine the acquisition and travel behavior during the experiment. Changes in
this section of the tool affect all elements, mosaic acquisitions, positions and position arrays.
Tile Overlap spin box/input field
Enter the overlap of individual image tiles of a mosaic image here. The settings are applied ex‐
clusively to mosaic images.
Scan Movement
Comb button Acquires the mosaic image from one travel direction following a comb pattern. This scan move‐
ment is more precise.
Meander but‐ Acquires the mosaic image from both travel directions following a meander pattern. This scan
ton movement is faster.
Optimize Stage Movement checkbox
Activated: Optimizes the movement of the stage. Short paths are used between tile regions and
positions.
Information
If you activate the checkbox, individual positions and mosaic images are not located in the se‐
quence in which they were originally defined. The path is automatically adapted to the location
of the individual mosaic images and positions. If you add or remove tile regions or positions,
the sequence of acquisition therefore also changes.
Keep Tile Number Constant With New Scaling checkbox
Activated: Keeps the tile number constant if a new scaling is applied.
Split Scenes into Individual Files checkbox
Activated: Splits the scenes into individual files.
6.11.6 Sample Carrier section
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
Sample Carrier field
Displays the selected or calibrated sample carrier.
Select button
Opens the Select Sample Carrier Template dialog window. Here you can select the sample car‐
rier template.
Calibrate button
Opens the Sample Carrier Calibration Wizard. Here you can calibrate the sample carrier.
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Tiles tool
Manual
Move Focus Drive to Load Position Between Containers checkbox
Activated: Moves the focus drive to the loading position during the movement to another con‐
tainer of the sample carrier (e.g. a well or slide). This prevents possible damage.
6.11.7 Focus Surface section
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
Support Points of Selected Tile Region list
X column Displays the X coordinate of the focus reference point.
Y column Displays the Y coordinate of the focus reference point.
Z column Displays the Z coordinate of the focus reference point.
button
Deletes the selected list entry.
Interpolation Degree dropdown list
Here you can select a method for the interpolation of the focus reference area.
6.12 Panorama tool
In the Panorama tool you will see information on the microscope stage and the status of panor‐
ama images. Panorama images are controlled directly in the Panorama View [➙ p.175].
Information
The Panorama tool is only available if you have activated the Panorama checkbox in the Ex‐
periment Manager | Acquisition Dimensions.
See also
2 Acquisition Dimensions [➙ p.54]
2 Acquisition tab [➙ p.50]
6.13 Time Series tool
In the Time Series tool you can configure acquisitions that allow you to acquire an image series
consisting of a number of time points. Here you can enter, for example, the acquisition interval,
the length of the experiment and other specifications to control the experiment.
Information
The Time Series tool is only available if the Time Series checkbox has been activated in the
Experiment Manager | Acquisition Dimensions. This checkbox is only available if you have the
corresponding license.
See also
2 Acquisition tab [➙ p.50]
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Time Series tool
Manual
6.13.1 Duration section
Here you can define the duration of your experiment. You can either specify the number of time
points (in cycles) or the duration (in milliseconds, seconds, minutes, hours or days).
Slider
Enter the number of time points or the duration using the slider or spin box/input field.
Dropdown list
Select the desired unit for the duration from the dropdown list. If you select the Cycles entry,
specify the number of time points using the slider or spin box/input field.
As Long As Possible checkbox
Activated: Uses the entire memory space on your hard drive. The duration of acquisition is only
limited by the maximum amount of memory space available.
Information
If the As Long As Possible checkbox is activated, the acquisition of the time series continues
until only 10% of the memory space remains. This can impair other programs. To guarantee
optimum system performance, make sufficient memory space available before acquisition.
6.13.2 Interval section
Here you can define the interval from individual image to individual image in an image series.
You can specify the interval to set the gap between individual time points (in milliseconds, mi‐
nutes, hours or days).
Slider
Enter the value for the interval using the slider or spin box/input field.
Dropdown list
Select the desired unit for the interval from the dropdown list.
As Quick As Possible checkbox
Activated: Defines the shortest possible value for the interval.
Measure Speed button
Checks whether the experiment can be performed using the interval set. If the interval is too
small, the shortest possible value is defined automatically for the interval.
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Manual
Information
The shortest possible interval is calculated by performing a blind experiment. The camera ex‐
posure time, number of steps of a Z-stack and the number of acquisition channels are taken
into consideration in the calculation. Depending on the number of Z-stacks and channels and
whether long exposure times have been set, it may take some time to calculate the shortest
time interval!
6.13.3 Start/Stop/Pause section
Here you can define the Start, Stop and Pause conditions for your experiment. Select the re‐
quirements for the relevant conditions from the corresponding dropdown lists.
Conditions
Start Starts the experiment if the requirements are met.
Stop Stops the experiment if the requirements are met.
Start Pause Pauses the experiment if the requirements are met.
End Pause Ends the pause if the requirements are met.
Requirements
Manual The experiment is started immediately using the Start Experiment button in the Experiment
Manager.
Time The experiment is started, stopped or paused at the entered time. Die Vorgabe wird erst nach
der Experimentausführung berücksichtigt. Enter the desired time in the spin box/input field to
the right of the dropdown list.
Delay The experiment is only started, stopped or paused once the length of time entered has passed.
On Trigger The experiment is started, stopped or paused once a TTL signal has been received.
Information
If you define times as start, stop and pause conditions, these apply once for the entire experi‐
ment. This also applies to experiments that use the Experiment Designer.
6.13.4 Buttons section
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
Here you can add and configure buttons that can be used to execute certain actions during your
experiment.
To add a new button, click on the
button.
To configure a button, left-click on the button of an existing button. A dialog window will open in
which you can configure various settings.
Name input field
Here you can enter a name for the button.
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Manual
Description input field
Here you can enter a description for the button.
Color checkbox
Activated: Shows a colored line at the left edge of the button.
Color Selection
Opens the Color Selection dialog window. Here you can select a color for the line at the left
edge of the button.
Action dropdown list
Here you can select one of the following actions. This action will be executed when you click on
the button.
▪ None
▪ Set Interval
▪ As Quick As Possible
▪ Trigger
▪ Hardware Setting
Delete Button button
Deletes the selected button.
6.14 Information on Experiment tool
In the Experiment Information tool you can find out various details about your experiment, e.g.
the memory requirement of the experiment or its duration.
Display field
Function
Required Disk Space
Indicates the calculated memory space that the experiment
will take up on your hard drive. All the activated blocks of an
experiment created using the Experiment Designer are tak‐
en into account.
Duration (Theoretical)
The system adds together all the exposure times arising
during acquisition in the experiment and indicates this value.
In the case of time series the intervals set are also taken in‐
to account. The actual acquisition duration will always turn
out longer, however, as switching times for components (di‐
aphragms, reflectors) and positioning times (Z-plane, stage
position) also come into play.
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Interactive Measurement tool
Manual
Display field
Function
Maximum Acquisition Rate
If the Time Series acquisition dimension is activated in the
Experiment Manager, you can measure the maximum pos‐
sible frame rate of the system in the Time Series tool. In that
case the frame rate is shown here. Otherwise "not available"
is displayed. After any change is made to the experiment
the frame rate must be determined again in the Time Series
tool.
Elapsed Time (Last Experiment) If you have already run the current experiment before on the
system, the duration actually required for it is displayed
here. This information disappears again if you change the
experiment.
Next Time Point in
Shows duration to next time point.
Tile Size
Shows the X/Y dimensions of your experiment. In the case
of a single position this value is identical to the size of the
camera field.
See also
2 Acquisition tab [➙ p.50]
6.15 Interactive Measurement tool
See also
2 Analysis tab [➙ p.63]
6.15.1 Features section
Feature Selection dropdown list
In the Feature Selection dropdown list you can select and load previously saved feature defini‐
tions. If you have made changes to a feature definition, the name of the feature selection is
marked with an asterisk (*). If you close the application without saving a changed ("asterisked")
feature selection, you will be asked whether you want to save the changes.
button
Opens the Options [➙ p.52] shortcut menu.
Define button
Opens the Feature Selection [➙ p.105] dialog.
6.15.2 Feature Subset section
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
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Feature Subset dropdown list
Here you can select and load previously saved definitions of subsets. If you have made
changes to a subset definition, the name of the feature subset is marked with an asterisk (*). If
you close the application without saving a changed ("asterisked") feature subset, you will be
asked whether you want to save the changes.
button
Opens the Options [➙ p.52] shortcut menu.
Define button
Opens the Define Feature Subset [➙ p.107] dialog.
6.15.3 Measurement Procedure section
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Measurement Procedure dropdown list
Here you can select and load previously saved measurement procedures. If you have made
changes to a measurement procedure, the name of the measurement procedure is marked with
an asterisk (*). If you close the application without saving a changed ("asterisked") measure‐
ment procedure, you will be asked whether you want to save the changes.
button
Opens the Options [➙ p.52] shortcut menu.
Define button
Opens the Define Interactive Measurement Procedure [➙ p.108] dialog.
Start button
Starts the selected interactive measurement procedure [➙ p.109].
6.15.4 Create Measurement Data Table button
Creates a measurement data table. This contains the measurement data from the Measure
view of the current image.
6.15.5 Interactive Measurement dialog windows
6.15.5.1 Feature Selection dialog window
Here you can specify which features are measured with the available graphic elements. This se‐
lection is adopted into the current feature definition. The feature definition is then marked ("as‐
terisked") as having been changed.
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Manual
Available Elements section
In this section you can specify for each available graphic element which features you want to be
measured. The graphic elements are ordered by type. The following types are available for se‐
lection:
Regions (2D) Here you will find all the graphic elements that define a closed region.
Single Distan‐ Here you will find all the graphic elements with which you can measure a single distance.
ces
Multiple Dis‐ Here you will find all the graphic elements with which you can measure several distances at
tances once.
Angle Here you will find the graphic elements with which you can measure an angle.
Point Here you will find the graphic elements with which you can perform measurements at a pixel.
Events Here you will find the graphic elements with which you can count various events in an image.
Selected Features section
The features that you have selected for each individual graphic element are listed in this sec‐
tion.
Display checkbox
Activate the Display checkbox for each feature to display the value of the measured feature in
the graphics plane of the image.
Features section
All the features that you can measure with the graphic element activated in the Available Ele‐
ments section are listed in this section.
Search for Feature input field
Here you can enter parts of the name of the feature that you are looking for. The features in
which the entered character string occurs are listed.
Features dropdown list
From the dropdown list, select a type of feature according to which you want the features to be
filtered:
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Feature
Description
All
If this is selected all features are listed.
Geometric Features
If this is selected all geometric features are lis‐
ted.
Intensity Features
If this is selected all features that analyze in‐
tensity values are listed.
Image Features
If this is selected all features that contain meta
information about the measured image are lis‐
ted.
Position Features / Unscaled Position Fea‐
tures
If this is selected all features that describe the
position are listed.
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+ button
Click on the
button to select a feature for the measurement.
Wastepaper Bin button
Click on the
button to delete the selected feature.
Upwards button
Click on the
button to move the selected feature a position higher.
Downwards button
Click on the
button to move the selected feature a position lower.
OK button
Click on the OK button to end the feature selection.
Cancel button
Click on the Cancel button to cancel the feature selection.
6.15.5.2 Define Feature Subset dialog window
Here you can specify which features are available in the Feature Selection dialog window.
These features are adopted into the current subset definition. The subset definition is then
marked ("asterisked") as having been changed.
Features section
All the features that you can measure with the graphic element activated in the Available Ele‐
ments section are listed in this section.
Search for Feature input field
Here you can enter parts of the name of the feature that you are looking for. The features in
which the entered character string occurs are listed.
Features dropdown list
From the dropdown list, select a type of feature according to which you want the features to be
filtered:
Feature
Description
All
If this is selected all features are listed.
Geometric Features
If this is selected all geometric features are lis‐
ted.
Intensity Features
If this is selected all features that analyze in‐
tensity values are listed.
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Feature
Description
Image Features
If this is selected all features that contain meta
information about the measured image are lis‐
ted.
Position Features / Unscaled Position Fea‐
tures
If this is selected all features that describe the
position are listed.
Checkbox
There is a checkbox in front of the name of each of the listed features. Activate the checkbox in
front of the features that you want to be offered in the Feature Selection dialog.
Shortcut menu
Right-click in the Features section. Select Select All Features to activate all checkboxes. Select
Deselect All Features to deactivate all checkboxes.
OK button
Click on the OK button to end the subset definition.
Cancel button
Click on the Cancel button to cancel the subset definition.
6.15.5.3 Define Interactive Measurement Procedure dialog window
Here you can define an interactive measurement procedure. You can specify the order in which
you want the individual graphic elements to be drawn in and which measurement parameters
you want to have calculated for them. The definition is adopted into the measurement procedure
currently selected. The measurement procedure is then marked ("asterisked") as having been
changed.
Available Elements section
In this section you can specify for each available graphic element which features you want to be
measured. The graphic elements are ordered by type. The following types are available for se‐
lection:
Regions (2D) Here you will find all the graphic elements that define a closed region.
Single Distan‐ Here you will find all the graphic elements with which you can measure a single distance.
ces
Multiple Dis‐ Here you will find all the graphic elements with which you can measure several distances at
tances once.
Angle Here you will find the graphic elements with which you can measure an angle.
Point Here you will find the graphic elements with which you can perform measurements at a pixel.
Events Here you will find the graphic elements with which you can count various events in an image.
Double-click on a graphic element to select it and adopt it into the Order of the Elements sec‐
tion.
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Order of the Elements list
This list displays the selected graphic elements in the order in which they will be drawn in during
the measurement, from top to bottom. To display the value of the measured feature in the im‐
age's graphics plane, activate the corresponding checkbox of the graphic elements.
Wastepaper Bin button
Click on the
button to delete the selected feature.
Upwards button
button to move the selected feature a position higher.
Click on the
Downwards button
Click on the
button to move the selected feature a position lower.
Features section
All the features that you can measure with the graphic element activated in the Available Ele‐
ments section are listed in this section.
Search for Feature input field
Here you can enter parts of the name of the feature that you are looking for. The features in
which the entered character string occurs are listed.
Features dropdown list
From the dropdown list, select a type of feature according to which you want the features to be
filtered:
Feature
Description
All
If this is selected all features are listed.
Geometric Features
If this is selected all geometric features are lis‐
ted.
Intensity Features
If this is selected all features that analyze in‐
tensity values are listed.
Image Features
If this is selected all features that contain meta
information about the measured image are lis‐
ted.
Position Features / Unscaled Position Fea‐
tures
If this is selected all features that describe the
position are listed.
+ button
Click on the
button to select a feature for the measurement.
6.15.5.4 Interactive Measurement Procedure dialog
In this dialog you can run a predefined interactive measurement procedure.
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Image Analysis tool
Manual
Start button
Click on the Start button to begin drawing in the graphic elements in the image.
Pause button
Click on the Pause button to interrupt the measurement procedure. This allows you to modify
graphic elements that have already been drawn in, for example.
Continue button
If you have interrupted the measurement procedure using the Pause button, click on the Contin‐
ue button to continue measuring.
End button
Click on the End button to end the current measurement procedure at a position of your choice.
To restart the measurement procedure at the first graphic element, click on the Start button
again.
Graphic Elements section
In this section you will see the graphic elements of the current measurement procedure in the
order that you have defined.
Measurement Data section
In this section you will see the graphic elements of the current measurement procedure in the
order that you have defined.
OK button
Click on the OK button to end the interactive measurement procedure.
Cancel button
Click on the Cancel button to cancel the interactive measurement procedure. In this case the
graphic elements that have been drawn in are not adopted into the image.
6.16 Image Analysis tool
See also
2 Analysis tab [➙ p.63]
6.16.1 Image Analysis Wizard section
Start Image Analysis Wizard button
To define a new analysis program or to change an existing program, click on the Start Image
Analysis Wizard button.
See also
2 The Image Analysis Wizard [➙ p.111]
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6.16.2 Programs section
Program dropdown list
In the Program dropdown list you can select and load previously saved analysis programs.
Run Interactively button
Runs the selected analysis program with all the interactive steps.
Run Without Interruption button
Runs the selected analysis program without interruption.
Steps that you have marked as interactive in the Image Analysis Wizard are run with the values
set in the analysis program. The program does not stop to allow you to change these interac‐
tively.
6.16.3 The Image Analysis Wizard
6.16.3.1 Step 1 - Program
In this step you can create new analysis programs. You can also rename, copy and delete exist‐
ing analysis programs here.
Program dropdown list
Here you can select and load saved analysis programs. If you make changes to an analysis
program, the name of the analysis program is marked with an asterisk (*). If you close the wiz‐
ard without saving a changed ("asterisked") analysis program, you will be asked whether you
want to save the changes.
Options button
Opens the Options shortcut menu.
Next button
Moves on to the next step of the wizard.
Cancel button
Cancels the analysis program.
Options shortcut menu
Here you can create new analysis programs and rename, save or delete existing analysis pro‐
grams.
New menu item
Creates a new analysis program. Enter a name for the analysis program.
Rename menu item
Enter a new name for the analysis program.
Save menu item
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Saves a changed ("asterisked") analysis program under the current name.
Save As menu item
Saves the current analysis program under a new name. Enter a new name for the analysis pro‐
gram.
Delete menu item
Deletes the current analysis program.
6.16.3.2 Step 2 - Classes
In this step you can define the classes into which the measured objects in the image are divi‐
ded.
Back button
Moves back to the previous step of the wizard.
Classes list
The defined classes are listed here. If you create a new measurement program, a class is cre‐
ated automatically. Each class consists of two entries. The first entry concerns all the objects
belonging to the class. The second entry represents an individual object.
Add Class button
Adds a new class to the list.
Delete Class button
Deletes the selected class from the list.
Name input field
Here you can enter a name for the selected class in the Classes list.
Channel selection field
If you create a measurement program for a multichannel image, in this selection field you can
select a channel for the selected class in the Classes list.
Color button
Opens the Color Selection dialog window.Here you can select a color that you want to assign to
the selected class.
Next button
Moves on to the next step of the wizard.
Cancel button
Cancels the analysis program.
6.16.3.3 Step 3 - Measurement Frames
In this step you can define one or more measurement frames. These allow you to specify how
objects are dealt with at the edge of the image.
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Back button
Moves back to the previous step of the wizard.
Interactive checkbox
Activated: The measurement frame definition can be changed interactively while the measure‐
ment program is running.
Tool bar
Selection Use this to select measurement frames that have already been drawn in. To select a measure‐
ment frame, click inside it. To select several measurement frames, hold down the Ctrl key and
click inside the desired measurement frames. Once you have selected a measurement frame,
you can change its size.
Rectangle Use this to create a rectangle as a measurement frame in the current image.
Circle Use this to create a circle as a measurement frame in the current image.
Contour Use this to create a contour as a measurement frame in the current image.
button
Deletes all drawn-in measurement frames in the current image.
Mode dropdown list
Here you can select how you want the measurement frame to be applied. The following modes
are available:
In and On the All objects are measured that are lying completely within the measurement frame, are touching
Frame it or are intersected by it.
Inside the Only those objects are measured that are lying completely within the measurement frame. Ob‐
Frame jects that are touching the frame or are intersected by it are not measured.
Cut at Frame All objects are measured that are lying completely within the measurement frame. Objects that
are intersected by the measurement frame are measured precisely up to the measurement
frame.
Maximize Circle checkbox
Only active if you have defined precisely one circle.
Activated: Maximizes the drawn-in circle to the full image size and centers it. In the case of rec‐
tangular images the circle is adjusted to the shorter side.
The following fields are only active if you have selected a drawn-in graphic element:
Left spin box/input field
Here you can enter the start point for the frame on the X axis in pixels.
Top spin box/input field
Here you can enter the start point for the frame on the Y axis in pixels.
Width spin box/input field
Here you can enter the width of the measurement frame in pixels.
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Height spin box/input field
Here you can enter the height of the measurement frame in pixels.
Next button
Moves on to the next step of the wizard.
Cancel button
Cancels the analysis program.
6.16.3.4 Step 4 - Threshold Values
In this step you can enter the threshold values for the segmentation of the objects that you want
to measure.
Back button
Moves back to the previous step of the wizard.
Run checkbox
Activated: Sets the defined threshold values when the measurement program is run.
Interactive checkbox
Activated: The defined threshold values can be changed while the measurement program is
running.
Classes list
Here you can select the class for which you want to define the threshold values.
Next button
Moves on to the next step of the wizard.
Cancel button
Cancels the analysis program.
Smooth section
Smoothing dropdown list
Here you can select how you want to smooth the image before the threshold values are set.
The following methods are available:
None The image is not smoothed.
Low Pass Applies the Low Pass Method.
Gaussian Applies the Gaussian Method.
Median Applies the Median Method.
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Size/Sigma slider
Enter the size of the filter matrix in the X and Y direction or the sigma value using the slider or
spin box/input field.
Sharpen section
Image Sharpness dropdown list
Here you can select how you want to improve the sharpness of the image before the threshold
values are set. The following methods are available:
None The sharpness of the image is not changed.
Edge En‐ Applies the Edge Enhancement Method.
hancement
Unsharp Applies the Unsharp Masking Method.
Masking
Threshold Value slider
Enter the threshold value for edge detection using the slider or spin box/input field. The thresh‐
old value should correspond roughly to the gray value difference between objects and the back‐
ground.
Size slider
Enter the size of the edge detection filter using the slider or spin box/input field. The value
should correspond to the size of the transition area between objects and the background.
Strength slider
Enter the strength of the Unsharp Masking using the slider or spin box/input field. The higher
the value selected, the greater the extent to which small structures are enhanced.
Minimum Area section
Minimum Area slider
Using the slider or spin box/input field, enter the minimum area in pixels that an object must
have in order to be segmented.
Threshold section
Here you can define the threshold values for the selected class in the Classes list.
Reset button
Resets all threshold value settings.
Undo button
Undoes the last change made to the threshold values.
Redo button
Restores the last undone change to the threshold values.
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Color Model buttons
Only visible if the image is a color image.
RGB In RGB Mode [➙ p.117] you can define the threshold values for the red, green and blue color
channels.
HLS In HLS Mode [➙ p.118] you can define the threshold values for hue, saturation and lightness.
Histogram
In the histogram you can change the lower and upper threshold value for the activated value.
Drag the lower or upper adjustment handle or shift the entire highlighted area between the lower
and upper threshold value.
Threshold Value Definition button
Click Click in the image on the regions that you want to define as objects.
Automatic The threshold values are determined automatically.
The following parameters are only visible if Click has been selected for threshold value defini‐
tion:
Click Behavior buttons
+ button Click on this button to expand the currently segmented regions by the gray values/colors of the
objects subsequently clicked on.
- button Click on this button to reduce the currently segmented regions by the gray values/colors of the
objects subsequently clicked on.
Tolerance slider
Using the slider or spin box/input field, enter the tolerance range by which the gray/color value
read out when you click is expanded to define the threshold value.
Neighborhood slider
Using the slider or spin box/input field, enter a neighborhood range around the pixel clicked on.
The threshold value is calculated from the average of the gray/color values in this neighborhood
range.
The following parameter is only visible if Automatic has been selected for threshold value defini‐
tion:
Method dropdown list
Select the method from the dropdown list that you want to use for the automatic calculation of
the threshold values.
Information
After the automatic calculation of the threshold values you can further modify the threshold val‐
ues found interactively by selecting Click for threshold value definition.
The following methods are available:
Otsu The threshold value is calculated according to the Otsu method.
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Most Fre‐ The threshold value is the gray/color value that occurs most frequently in the image.
quent Gray
Value
Iso Data The threshold value lies in the middle between two maximums in the histogram.
Triangular
Threshold
Value
3 Sigma The threshold value is calculated from the sum of the average and three times the sigma value
Threshold of the histogram distribution.
Value
RGB mode
Red Color Channel threshold values
Red button
Click on the red
button to activate the red channel in the Expander histogram.
Lower (Red Channel) input field
Enter the lower threshold value for the red channel using the spin box/input field.
Upper (Red Channel) input field
Enter the upper threshold value for the red channel using the spin box/input field.
Invert (Red Channel) button
Click on the Invert button to swap the Lower and Upper values for the red channel.
All (Red Channel) button
Click on the All button to set the Lower value to 0 and the Upper value to the maximum possible
gray value for the red channel.
Green Color Channel threshold values
Green button
Click on the green
button to activate the green channel in the Expander histogram.
Lower (Green Channel) input field
Enter the lower threshold value for the green channel using the spin box/input field.
Upper (Green Channel) input field
Enter the upper threshold value for the green channel using the spin box/input field.
Invert (Green Channel) button
Click on the Invert button to swap the Lower and Upper values for the green channel.
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All (Green Channel) button
Click on the All button to set the Lower value to 0 and the Upper value to the maximum possible
gray value for the green channel.
Blue Color Channel threshold values
Blue button
Click on the blue
button to activate the blue channel in the Expander histogram.
Lower (Blue Channel) input field
Enter the lower threshold value for the blue channel using the spin box/input field.
Upper (Blue Channel) input field
Enter the upper threshold value for the blue channel using the spin box/input field.
Invert (Blue Channel) button
Click on the Invert button to swap the Lower and Upper values for the blue channel.
All (Blue Channel) button
Click on the All button to set the Lower value to 0 and the Upper value to the maximum possible
gray value for the blue channel.
HLS mode
Hue threshold values
H button
Click on the
button to activate the hue in the Expander histogram.
Lower (Hue) input field
Enter the lower threshold value for the hue using the spin box/input field.
Upper (Hue) input field
Enter the upper threshold value for the hue using the spin box/input field.
Invert (Hue) button
Click on the Invert button to swap the Lower and Upper values for the hue.
All (Hue) button
Click on the All button to set the Lower value to 0 and the Upper value to the maximum possible
value for the hue.
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Lightness threshold values
L button
Click on the
button to activate the lightness in the Expander histogram.
Lower (Lightness) input field
Enter the lower threshold value for the lightness using the spin box/input field.
Upper (Lightness) input field
Enter the upper threshold value for the lightness using the spin box/input field.
Invert (Lightness) button
Click on the Invert button to swap the Lower and Upper values for the lightness.
All (Lightness) button
Click on the All button to set the Lower value to 0 and the Upper value to the maximum possible
value for the lightness.
Saturation threshold values
S button
Click on the
button to activate the saturation in the Expander histogram.
Lower (Saturation) input field
Enter the lower threshold value for the saturation using the spin box/input field.
Upper (Saturation) input field
Enter the upper threshold value for the saturation using the spin box/input field.
Invert (Saturation) button
Click on the Invert button to swap the Lower and Upper values for the saturation.
All (Saturation) button
Click on the All button to set the Lower value to 0 and the Upper value to the maximum possible
value for the saturation.
Fill section
Fill Holes checkbox
Activated: Fills holes in segmented objects.
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Separate section
Separate dropdown list
Here you can select whether you want to process the image further after segmentation. Objects
that are touching one another can be separated using different methods.
None Objects are not separated.
Watersheds Using this method you can separate objects that are roughly the same shape. This method may
however result in the splitting of elongated objects.
Morphology This method separates objects by first reducing and then enlarging them, making sure that once
objects have been separated they do not merge together again.
Number slider
Using the slider or spin box/input field, enter how often the method is applied successively to
the result at the location of the separation.
6.16.3.5 Step 5 - Condition
In this step you can define the conditions under which you want an object to be measured.
Back button
Moves back to the previous step of the wizard.
Run checkbox
Activated: Uses the measurement conditions when the measurement program is run.
Interactive checkbox
Activated: The measurement conditions can be changed while the measurement program is
running.
Classes list
Here you can select the class for which you want to define the conditions.
Select button
Opens the Conditions Editor [➙ p.121] dialog window.
Conditions list
If you have defined one or more blocks with conditions in the Conditions Editor dialog window,
here you can select the block for which you want to set the condition. To do this, click on the
relevant block and then on the objects in the image that you want to measure.
Undo button
Undoes the last change made to the condition.
Redo button
Restores the last undone change to the condition.
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Reset button
Resets all settings for the conditions.
Next button
Moves on to the next step of the wizard.
Cancel button
Cancels the analysis program.
Conditions Editor dialog window
Here you can add features to a block with measurement conditions.
Search for Feature input field
Here you can enter parts of the name of the feature that you are looking for. The features in
which the entered character string occurs are listed.
Features dropdown list
From the dropdown list, select a type of feature according to which you want the features to be
filtered.
The following feature types are available for selection:
All If this is selected all features are listed.
Geometric
Features
Intensity Fea‐
tures
Image Fea‐
tures
If this is selected all geometric features are listed.
If this is selected all features that analyze intensity values are listed.
If this is selected all features that contain meta information about the measured image are lis‐
ted.
Position Fea‐ If this is selected all features that describe the position are listed.
tures/Un‐
scaled Posi‐ + button
tion Features Click on the
button to select a feature for the measurement.
Selected Features for the Condition list
In this list, the features that you have selected for the condition are displayed block by block. All
features in a block are "And"-linked for the condition, i.e. an object is only measured if the val‐
ues of each individual feature fall within the defined range.
Add button
Adds an "Or" block. If several "Or" blocks have been defined, an object is measured if it meets
the condition in at least one block.
Empty button
Deletes all features in an "Or" block.
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Tools (blue tools)
Image Analysis tool
Manual
Remove button
Deletes the selected "Or" block.
Remove All button
Deletes all "Or" blocks.
6.16.3.6 Step 6 - Interactive Segmentation
In this step you can postprocess the segmented objects interactively.
Back button
Moves back to the previous step of the wizard.
Interactive checkbox
Activated: The segmented objects can be postprocessed interactively while the measurement
program is running.
Classes list
Here you can select the class whose objects you want to process.
Remove button
Using this button you can remove parts of an object. Holding down the left mouse button, out‐
line the parts of the object that you want to remove. Right-click to remove these parts of the ob‐
ject.
Separate button
Use this button to separate connected objects. Holding down the left mouse button, draw in the
separation line between the objects. Right-click to separate the objects.
Connect button
Use this button to connect objects. Holding down the left mouse button, outline the parts of the
object that you want to connect. Right-click to connect the objects.
Delete button
Click on the Delete button to delete an object by subsequently clicking on it.
Tool bar
Selection Switches the mouse pointer to Selection mode.
Rectangle
Use this button to add a rectangular object or cut a rectangular region from an object.
Circle
Use this button to add a circular object or cut a circular region from an object.
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Image Analysis tool
Manual
Draw Contour
Use this button to add an object or cut a region from an object.
Contour (Spline)
Use this button to add an object or cut a region from an object.
Active Contour
Use this button to add an object or cut a region from an object.
Delete
Deletes all objects.
Keep checkbox
Activated: The selected graphic element remains selected until you deselect it.
Fill Hole button
Fills a hole. To fill a hole, left-click on the hole.
Region Growth button
Activates the Region Growth mode. Then click on objects in the image that you want to seg‐
ment. The object "grows" around the point that has been clicked on.
Intensity slider
Enter a tolerance value for the intensity using the slider or spin box/input field. The tolerance
value specifies how much the intensity of a pixel may deviate from the average intensity of the
object in order to still "grow" to become part of the object.
Color slider
Only active if your input image is a color image.
Enter a tolerance value for the color using the slider or spin box/input field. The tolerance value
specifies how much the color value of a pixel may deviate from the average color value of the
object in order to still "grow" to become part of the object.
Undo button
Undoes the last action.
Redo button
Restores the last undone action.
Next button
Moves on to the next step of the wizard.
Cancel button
Cancels the analysis program.
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Image Analysis tool
Manual
6.16.3.7 Step 7 - Measurement Features
In this step you can select the measurement features that you want to measure.
Back button
Moves back to the previous step of the wizard.
Classes list
Here you can select the class for which you want to define measurement features. For each
class there are two entries for which you can define features. The first entry concerns all the
objects belonging to the class. The second entry represents an individual object.
Field Features section
Only visible if a "parent" class is active.
The list shows all Field Features that are measured for the current class.
Object Features section
Only visible if a "child" class is active.
The list shows all Object Features that are measured for the current class.
Annotations section
Only visible if a "child" class is active.
The list shows all annotations that are drawn in for the current class.
Select button
Opens the Feature Selection [➙ p.124] dialog window for the current class.
Copy button
Copies the selected features of the current class to all other classes.
Next button
Moves on to the next step of the wizard.
Cancel button
Cancels the analysis program.
Feature Selection dialog window
Here you can specify which features you want to measure.
Selected Features section
The features that you have selected are listed in this section.
Wastepaper Bin button
Click on the
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Tools (blue tools)
Image Analysis tool
Manual
Upwards button
Click on the
button to move the selected feature a position higher.
Downwards button
Click on the
button to move the selected feature a position lower.
Search for Feature input field
Here you can enter parts of the name of the feature that you are looking for. The features in
which the entered character string occurs are listed.
Features dropdown list
From the dropdown list, select a type of feature according to which you want the features to be
filtered.
The following feature types are available for selection:
All If this is selected all features are listed.
Geometric
Features
Intensity Fea‐
tures
Image Fea‐
tures
If this is selected all geometric features are listed.
If this is selected all features that analyze intensity values are listed.
If this is selected all features that contain meta information about the measured image are lis‐
ted.
Position Fea‐ If this is selected all features that describe the position are listed.
tures/Un‐
scaled Posi‐ + button
tion Features Click on the
button to select a feature for the measurement.
OK button
Click on the OK button to end the feature selection.
Cancel button
Click on the Cancel button to cancel the feature selection.
6.16.3.8 Step 8 - Measure
In this step you will see the result of the measurement. The measured image is displayed in the
Analysis View [➙ p.174].
Back button
Moves back to the previous step of the wizard.
Classes list
Here you can select the class for which you want to see the measured features. For each class
there are two entries: The "parent" class, which shows the features for all objects together, and
the "child" class, which shows the features for each individual object.
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Tools (blue tools)
Report tool
Manual
End button
Saves the analysis program created and ends the wizard.
Cancel button
Cancels the analysis program.
6.17 Report tool
In the Report tool you can select various templates for your report. In addition you can see im‐
portant information about your report.
Select Template dropdown list
Here you can select the desired template for the report that is to be created.
Information
If the Report Preview is active, you can change the template for the report here. You will see
the change directly in the Report Preview.
Description
Displays a description of the report template.
Created By
Displays who created the report template.
Created On
Displays when the report template was created.
button
Opens the Options [➙ p.127] shortcut menu.
See also
2 Reporting tab [➙ p.63]
2 Report preview [➙ p.203]
6.17.1 Report Management section
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
Name input field
Only active in the Report Preview.
Here you can enter a name for the report. This is no longer possible for a report that has al‐
ready been created.
If you have already created a report, here you will see a display field showing the name of the
report.
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Tools (blue tools)
Report tool
Manual
Information
If you do not give the report its own name in the Report Management section, it will be alloca‐
ted a name by default. You can change this default setting in the Extras menu | Options |
Name.
Description input field
Only active in the Report Preview.
Here you can enter a description for the report. This is no longer possible for a report that has
already been created.
Created By display field
Displays who created the report.
Information
The user data are automatically adopted from the Extras menu | Options | User.
Created On display field
Displays the date on which the report was created.
6.17.2 Options
In the Options shortcut menu you can open or save reports and import or export report tem‐
plates.
Open menu item
Opens an existing report.
Save menu item
Saves the current report. The name is adopted from the Report Management section | Name.
Save As menu item
Saves the report under a new name. Enter a new name for the report.
Import Template menu item
Imports an existing report template to ZEN. The template is then shown in the Select Template
dropdown list.
Export Template menu item
Exports the current report template to back it up or share it with other users.
See also
2 Report Management section [➙ p.126]
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Image views
2D View
Manual
7 Image views
7.1 2D View
This view is the default view for images in ZEN (blue edition). For this view the General View
Controls [➙ p.176] are available to you. To open the view's context menu [➙ p.130], right-click
in the Center Screen Area [➙ p.26].
Information
For a better overview and to navigate through enlarged images open the 2D Navigator window
[➙ p.128]. Therefore simply click on Navigator entry in the 2D view context menu.
See also
2 General view controls [➙ p.176]
7.1.1 Navigator window
Fig. 26: Navigator window 2D View
Here you see a preview of the current image and the enlarged image area (blue frame). With
the blue frame you’re able to navigate through your enlarged image.
Information
If you are viewing a multidimensional image, you can use the Navigator to navigate through
the available dimensions. These are represented by thin lines before or after the preview im‐
age. To navigate through the dimensions, left-click on the thin lines or use the mouse wheel.
In the case of time lapse images the time points present are displayed to the left and right of
the preview image. To navigate through the time lapse images, click on the areas to the left or
right of the preview image.
7.1.1.1 Enlarging the image area
➢ You have activated the Navigator button on the Dimensions tab. The button is highlighted
in blue.
➢ You can see the Navigator window in the image area.
1. Move the mouse pointer over the blue frame in the Navigator window.
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2D View
Manual
⇨ The mouse pointer will appear as a double-headed arrow.
2. Hold down the left mouse button and move the mouse.
⇨ The size of the frame changes and the image area is enlarged.
7.1.1.2 Moving the region of interest
➢ You have enlarged the image area.
➢ You have activated the Navigator button on the Dimensions tab. The button is highlighted
in blue.
➢ In the Navigator window you can see the full image and the region of interest. The region of
interest is indicated by a blue frame.
1. To move the region of interest, move the mouse pointer inside the blue frame.
⇨ The mouse pointer will appear as a four-headed arrow.
2. Hold down the left mouse button and move the mouse.
⇨ The region of interest moves.
3. Release the left mouse button again.
⇨ You have moved the region of interest with the help of the Navigator. Alternatively, it is also
possible to move the region of interest using the Move tool on the Dimensions tab.
7.1.1.3 Enlarging the Navigator window
➢ The Navigator window is open in the image area.
1. Move the mouse pointer to the adjustment handle in the bottom right corner of the Naviga‐
tor window.
⇨ The mouse pointer will appear as a double-headed arrow.
2. Hold down the left mouse button and move the mouse.
⇨ The size of the Navigator window changes.
7.1.1.4 Moving the Navigator window
➢ The Navigator window is open.
➢ The image area has been enlarged.
1. Move the mouse pointer inside the blue frame.
⇨ The mouse pointer will appear as a four-headed arrow.
2. Hold down the left mouse button and move the mouse.
⇨ You can position the Navigator window freely within the image.
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Image views
2D View
Manual
7.1.2 2D View context menu
Menu entry
Function
Full Screen (F11)
Switches to full screen mode. To exit fullscreen mode, press F11 again or ESC.
Zoom Group
Here you have access to the main zoom func‐
tions (Dimensions tab | Zoom section [➙ p.
177]).
Rulers
Shows rulers at the top and left edge of the
image.
Navigator
Shows the 2D view Navigator window.
Spot Measurement / Focus ROI
This function is only active in the live image or
during Continuous mode.
Shows a region in which the exposure time is
measured and the software autofocus is fo‐
cused.
Graphics
This function is activated by default.
Shows graphic elements that have been
drawn into the image, e.g. annotations or
scale bars.
Show Bleach ROI
This function is only visible with FRAP im‐
ages.
Shows graphic elements that were used dur‐
ing acquisition for bleaching (FRAP).
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Copy Display Settings
Copies the display settings from an image
(Display tab [➙ p.181]).
Paste Display Settings
Inserts copied display settings into an image
(Display tab [➙ p.181]).
ROI | Draw ROI
Draw a certain region that particularly inter‐
ests you into the image. You can draw several
regions into an image.
ROI | Create Subset Images From ROI
Creates new image documents from the se‐
lection regions you have drawn in. All dimen‐
sions of the image are taken into account
here.
Paste
Inserts a graphic element into the current im‐
age from the clipboard.
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Image views
Gallery View
Manual
7.2 Gallery View
In the Gallery View you see an overview of your multidimensional images. The individual im‐
ages of the images concerned are presented in a gallery. It is possible to show any combination
of dimensions, e.g. channels against time. When you view images for the first time in the Gal‐
lery View, they are displayed as follows:
Image type
Dispalyed as
Multichannel image
All the channels present in an image are shown,
including the mixed color image.
Time lapse image
All the time points present in an image are
shown.
Z-stack image
All Z-planes are shown.
Multichannel & time lapse image
All the time points present in an image are
shown. All channels are shown as a mixed color
image.
Multichannel & Z-stack image
All Z-planes are shown. All channels are shown
as a mixed color image.
Time lapse & Z-stack image
All Z-planes are shown.
Time lapse, Z-stack & multichannel image
All Z-planes are shown. All channels are shown
as a mixed color image.
See also
2 General view controls [➙ p.176]
7.2.1 View specific controls
7.2.1.1 Gallery Tools tab
Here you can specify which dimension you want to be displayed on which axis of the Gallery
view. To do this, click on the corresponding button on the tool bar.
Display Image Dimensions section
Each of the buttons is only visible if the current image contains the corresponding dimension.
Channels Shows the channels present as individual images.
Z-Stack Shows the Z-planes present as individual images.
Time Series Shows the time points present as individual images.
Chann.&Z Shows the channels present in relation to the Z-stack images present.
(Channels
and Z-Stack)
button
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Image views
Gallery View
Manual
Chann.&Time
(Channels
and Time
Series) button
Z&Time (ZStack and
Time Series)
button
X Axis sec‐
tion
Shows the channels present in relation to the time lapse images present.
Shows the Z-stack images present in relation to the time lapse images present.
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Use the buttons to select which dimension is shown on the X axis.
Y Axis sec‐ Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
tion Use the buttons to select which dimension is shown on the Y axis.
Show Dimension Labels checkbox
Activated: Inserts annotations into each individual image that provide information on the time
point or Z-plane.
Invert X / Y Axis checkbox
This checkbox is only available if the Show All mode is not activated.
Only active if two dimensions are shown in relation to each other (Chann.&Z, Chann.&Time,
Z&Time).
Activated: Inverts the X and Y axis of the Gallery view.
Show Merged checkbox
Only visible for multichannel images. Only active if the channels present are shown.
Activated: Shows the mixed image of all channels in addition to the individual images.
The following functions are only visible if the Show All mode is activated:
Create image from section
Here you can create images from the Gallery view. Select the type of image that you want to
create from the dropdown list.
Gallery View Creates an image of the current Gallery view.
Selection Creates an image from the images that have been selected in the current view.
Subset The resulting image contains all the information of the input image; the pixel data are not
changed.
Range Sub‐ Creates an image from a defined selection range.
set If this entry is selected, sliders for the selected dimensions appear (Start, End and Interval). Use
the sliders to set the selection range you want.
Create button
Creates an image from the Gallery view.
Gallery image from section
Select a dimension that is not currently displayed from the dropdown list. This dimension is tak‐
en into account when the image is created.
The resulting image is always a 24 bit RGB color image. The pixel data of the original image are
changed.
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Gallery View
Manual
Burn in graphics checkbox
Burns the annotations present into the image that is created.
7.2.1.2 Gallery Appearance tab
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Dimension Labels section
Here you can define the font and the style, color, position and size of the text for the dimension
details that are shown.
Layout section
Here you can set the background color of the Gallery view and the distance between the individ‐
ual images (from 1-10 pixels).
7.3 2,5D View
In the 2.5D view intensity values in a two-dimensional image are converted into a height map.
Here the highest intensity values are represented by the greatest extension in the Z-direction.
Overall this results in a so-called 2.5D or pseudo-3D image.
Information
If you are viewing a multichannel image, you can have the intensity values of the individual
channels displayed. To do this, activate or deactivate the desired channels on the Dimensions
tab.
See also
2 General view controls [➙ p.176]
7.3.1 2.5D View tool bars
The tool bars are arranged to the left of and underneath the image area. You can use the tools
to control the display of the 2.5D volumes in the image area.
7.3.1.1 Left tool bar
Top thumb wheel
Enlarges or reduces the image area.
Tool bar
Rotate Use this to rotate the 2.5D volume in any way you wish within the space. This is the default
mode when you switch to 2.5D view for the first time.
Zoom Use this to increase the zoom factor of the image area.
Move Use this to move the 2.5D volume laterally.
Bottom thumb wheel
Rotates the 2.5D volume around the horizontal (X) axis.
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Image views
2,5D View
Manual
7.3.1.2 Bottom tool bar
Left thumb wheel
Use this to rotate the 2.5D volume around the vertical (Y) axis.
Tool bar
Bounding Box Use this to show or hide a bounding box around the 2.5D volume.
Show X/Y Ax‐ Use this to show or hide the X/Y axis.
is
Show Z Axis
Use this to show or hide the Z axis.
Start View Use this to switch back to the start view. A top view of the 2.5D volume is displayed. Lateral
movements and the zoom factor are adjusted so that the 2.5D volume can be seen at the center
of the image area.
Right thumb wheel
Use this to compress the 2.5D volume on the (Z) axis perpendicular to the screen plane.
7.3.2 View specific controls
7.3.2.1 2.5D Display tab
On the 2.5D Display tab you have 4 options for displaying your 2.5D image.
Profiles display
Displays the relief divided into a number of profiles with an equal distance.
Set the number of profiles using the Fineness slider.
Grid display
Displays the relief overlaid with a grid. This view supports gray levels only.
Make the grid more closely or more coarsely meshed using the Fineness slider.
Blocks display
Displays the relief by means of discrete, upwardly protruding columns of differing heights.
Surface display
Displays the relief as a continuous, flowing landscape.
Make the surface coarser or finer using the Fineness slider.
Invert Z checkbox
Activated: Displays the lowest intensity values by means of the greatest extension in the Z di‐
rection.
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2,5D View
Manual
Use this function for images that contain many large, bright regions.
Apply Palette checkbox
Activated: Overlays the relief with the pseudo colors that have been set on the Dimensions tab.
Show Sides checkbox
Only available in the Surface display.
Activated: Closes the sides of the relief.
Show Planes checkbox
Activated: Shows two blue, transparent planes in the 2.5D volume.
Set the position of the planes using the X/Y sliders.
Extract Image section
To save an individual image in the current view, click on the Save As button.
7.3.2.2 Series tab
On the Series tab you can create a series of images in the 2.5D view. These series can be
played back later as a video clip, for example.
Render Series dropdown list
Here you can select the desired series mode:
Rotate Here you can define the start/stop angle and the rotation direction around the X axis.
Around X
Rotate Here you can define the start/stop angle and the rotation direction around the Z axis.
Around Z
Start/Stop Here you can define the angle and zoom settings for the start and end position of your series.
The intermediate positions are interpolated evenly.
Position List Here you can define any number of positions. The positions can each have completely different
rotation, zoom and illumination settings.
Over Time Here you can define the start time point and end time point for a series. All other settings (rota‐
tion, zoom, etc.) remain unchanged.
Apply button
Creates a series image with the current settings.
Preview section
To obtain a preview of the series, click on the Play button. To end the preview, click on the Stop
button.
Number of Images section
Select the number of individual images in the series from the dropdown list.
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Image views
2,5D View
Manual
7.3.2.3 2.5D Display Options tab
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Shape and Position section
Angle X Enter the rotation angle in the X direction with a precision of 1 degree using the slider or spin
box/input field.
Angle Y Enter the rotation angle in the Y direction with a precision of 1 degree using the slider or spin
box/input field.
Z Scaling Enter the Z scaling using the slider or spin box/input field.
Lighting Parameters section
Ambient Reduces or increases the intensity of the ambient lighting in the 2.5D view.
Reflection Reduces or increases the proportion of the ambient light reflected on the relief.
Shine Reduces or increases the effect of the ambient light shining on the relief.
Light Intensity Reduces or increases the intensity of the lighting in the 2.5D view. A small distance means a
circular light source at the center, while a large distance illuminates the scene evenly.
Reset button
Resets all settings to the default values.
7.4 Histo View
The Histo (Histogram) view shows you the gray value histogram of your image. In the right im‐
age area you can see your current image and in the left image area you can see the Histogram
window. At the side you will also find four data tables:
▪ In the first table from the left you will find all the raw data for each channel.
▪ In the second table from the left you will find all the limits for each channel of the image next
to the image name.
▪ In the third table from the left you will find the statistical values for the gray value distribution,
e.g. average, standard deviation, minimum and maximum value.
▪ The fourth table shows the measured values of measurements in the histogram.
See also
2 General view controls [➙ p.176]
7.4.1 View specific controls
7.4.1.1 Histo Definition tab
Tool bar
Using the tools you can add certain measurement regions to your image. The histogram window
shows you the gray value histogram for the relevant region.
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Histo View
Manual
Selection Changes the mouse pointer to Selection mode. You can use this to select graphic elements in
the image.
Copy Use this to copy the last selected element and insert it at another position in the image.
Rectangle Use this to insert a rectangular measurement region.
Circle Use this to insert a circular measurement region.
Freehand Use this to insert a measurement region with a shape of your choice. The line is closed auto‐
matically.
Polygon Use this to insert a polygonal measurement region in the original image.
Keep checkbox
Activated: Keeps the last selected tool active.
Color checkbox
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Activated: Highlights each drawn-in measurement region with a random color.
Histogram Measurements section
Normal but‐ Switches the Profile window back to the view display.
ton
X Measure‐ Use this to perform a measurement of a region in the X direction in the relevant histogram. To
ment button adopt the value into the measurement data table, click on the Insert Values button.
Reset button
Empties the measurement data table below the original image.
Insert Values button
Adds the current measurement in the histogram window to the measurement data table below
the original image.
Histo. Table section
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Select the type of gray value distribution from the dropdown list. The following types are availa‐
ble:
▪ Frequency distribution
▪ Sum above
▪ Sum below
Relative Frequency checkbox
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Activated: Displays the histogram according to the relative frequency of the gray values in per‐
cent.
Using the relevant sliders, you can enter the precise number of classes, class size and upper/
lower threshold value.
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Image views
Histo View
Manual
Class Number slider
Enter the number of classes using the slider or spin box/input field.
Class Size slider
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Enter the class size using the slider or spin box/input field.
Log. Scale checkbox
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Activated: Switches from the linear to a logarithmic class width. The class size is calculated au‐
tomatically.
Lower Threshold Value slider
Enter the lower threshold value for the gray value distribution using the slider or spin box/input
field. All regions in the image with gray values below the lower threshold value are overlaid in
blue and all those with gray values above the upper threshold value are overlaid in red.
Without Black checkbox
Activated: Automatically subtracts the lowest value of the gray distribution. The settings for the
lower threshold value are deactivated.
Upper Threshold Value slider
Enter the upper threshold value for the gray value distribution using the slider or spin box/input
field. All regions in the image with gray values below the lower threshold value are overlaid in
blue and all those with gray values above the upper threshold value are overlaid in red.
Without Black checkbox
Activated: Automatically subtracts the highest value of the gray distribution. The settings for the
upper threshold value are deactivated.
Show Threshold Values checkbox
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Activated: Shows the threshold values as colored overlays in the original image.
7.4.1.2 Histo View tab
Here you can configure the display for the Histo view.
Show section
Statistical Values checkbox
Activated: Shows the table containing the statistical values in the image area.
Measurement Data Table checkbox
Activated: Shows the measurement data table below the original image.
Frequency Distribution checkbox
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
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Image views
Profile View
Manual
Activated: Shows the table containing the raw data for each channel.
Image checkbox
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Activated: Shows the original image in the image area.
Channel section
Here you can activate or deactivate the histograms for each channel.
X/Y Axis section
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Here you can determine the limits for the X axis and Y axis.
Auto button Sets the limits for the axes automatically.
Norm button Normalizes the histogram display to the maximum values of the distribution.
Fixed button Enter the min/max values for the histogram display in the Min/Max spin boxes/input fields.
Data Table section
Click on the Create button to create a data table from all the measured values displayed. To
save the table, click on the Save As button.
New Image From section
Here you can create a new image document. Select the type of image from the dropdown list.
To save the image, click on the Save As button.
7.5 Profile View
In the Profile view you can create intensity profiles of certain regions in your image. In the right
image area you can see your image. In the left image area you can see the Profile window. The
raw data for each channel are displayed in the Profile table below the Profile window. The
measured values of measurements in the profile are shown in the measurement data table be‐
low the original image.
Information
To create an intensity profile of a certain region, select a tool on the Profile Definition tab. Use
this to highlight a region in your image. An intensity profile of the region is generated automati‐
cally and displayed in the Profile window. To enlarge the view in the Profile window, drag out a
rectangular frame using the left mouse button in the Profile window. The selected region is dis‐
played in enlarged form. Right-click to return to the original view.
See also
2 General view controls [➙ p.176]
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Profile View
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7.5.1 View specific controls
7.5.1.1 Profile Definition tab
Tool bar
Using the tools you can add certain measurement lines to your image. The intensity profile of
each line is shown in the Profile window.
Selection Changes the mouse pointer to Selection mode. You can use this to select graphic elements in
the image.
Copy Use this to copy the last selected element and insert it at another position in the image.
Arrow Use this to insert a measurement line in the original image. The measurement is shown in the
Profile window in the direction of the arrow.
Polygon Use this to insert a polygonal measurement line in the original image.
Freehand Use this to insert a measurement line with a shape of your choice.
Rectangle Use this to insert a rectangular measurement region.
Keep checkbox
Activated: Keeps the last selected tool active.
Color checkbox
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Activated: Highlights each drawn-in measurement line with a random color.
Line Width spin box/input field
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Here you can enter the line width of the measurement line.
Display Profile in Image checkbox
Activated: Also displays the profile of a measurement line in the original image.
Profile Measurements section
Normal but‐ Switches the Profile window back to the view display.
ton
Measurement Use this to perform a point measurement in the profile. To adopt the value into the measure‐
button ment data table, click on the Insert Values button.
X Measure‐ Use this to perform a measurement of a region in the X direction in the profile. . To adopt the
ment button value into the measurement data table, click on the Insert Values button.
Y Measure‐ Use this to perform a measurement of a region in the Y direction in the relevant profile. To adopt
ment button the value into the measurement data table, click on the Insert Values button.
Empty Table button
Empties the measurement data table below the original image.
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Profile View
Manual
Insert Values button
Adds the current measurement in the Profile window to the measurement data table below the
original image.
Grid Distance section
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Enter the grid distance of the measurement line using the slider or spin box/input field.
7.5.1.2 Profile View tab
Here you can configure the display for the Profile view.
Show section
Profile Table checkbox
Activated: Shows the profile table.
Measurement Data Table checkbox
Activated: Shows the measurement data table below the original image.
Image checkbox
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Activated: Shows the original image in the image area.
Channel section
Here you can activate or deactivate the profiles for each channel.
X/Y Axis section
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Here you can determine the limits for the X axis and Y axis.
Auto button Sets the limits for the axes automatically.
Norm button Normalizes the profile display to the maximum values of the distribution.
Fixed button Enter the min/max values for the profile display in the Min/Max spin boxes/input fields.
Data Table section
Click on the Create button to create a data table from all the measured values displayed. To
save the table, click on the Save As button.
New Image From section
Here you can create a new image document. Select the type of image from the dropdown list.
To save the image, click on the Save As button.
7.6 Measure View
In this view measured values from images are displayed in a table. The table is only visible if
there are annotations/measured values in the image. To highlight the row of the table containing
the measured values of a graphic element, click on a graphic element in the image. To highlight
a graphic element in the image, click on the measured value in the row of the table.
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Measure View
Manual
See also
2 General view controls [➙ p.176]
7.6.1 View specific controls
7.6.1.1 Measure tab
Here you can specify how to draw the graphic elements for measurements into an image and
how the measurement data are displayed. You can also add user-specific features to individual
graphic elements.
Graphic Elements section
Only visible if the current image is a multidimensional image.
Here you can decide, for multidimensional images, whether to draw a graphic element "globally"
into all channels, Z-positions, time points, etc., or whether to draw in separate elements for the
view currently displayed.
Channel checkbox
Activated: Activates the Single Channel mode. Only draws graphic elements into the channel
currently displayed.
Time checkbox
Activated: Only draws graphic elements into the time point currently displayed.
Z-Position checkbox
Activated: Only draws graphic elements into the Z-position currently displayed.
Copy in All Following checkbox
Activated: Draws a new graphic element into the view currently displayed and into all subse‐
quent time points or Z-positions.
New Feature section
Here you can add a defined feature to the selected graphic element.
Name input field
Here you can enter the name you want to give the feature.
Value input field
Here you can enter the value that you want the feature to have for the current graphic element.
Unit input field
Here you can enter the unit you want for the feature.
Add button
Adds the feature. The measurement data table is expanded to include this feature.
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Remove button
Removes the selected feature.
Measurement Data section
Here you can specify how you want the measured values for the drawn-in graphic elements to
be displayed.
Table button
Displays the measured values in a row of a table. As you can specify the features individually
for each graphic element, the number of columns containing measured values may differ from
graphic element to graphic element (i.e. from row to row).
List button
Displays each measured value in a separate row. The measurement data table then has the fol‐
lowing defined columns:
Name Name of the graphic element (e.g. line)
Feature Name of the feature (e.g. distance)
Value Value of the feature
Unit Unit of the feature (e.g. µm)
Current View button
Only displays the measured values of the current view.
All Views button
Displays all measured values contained in the image.
Create Measurement Data Table button
Creates a measurement data table from the measured values displayed. The table may be
saved as a separate document.
7.7 Info View
The Info View allows you to display extensive information about your image. Using the
buttons in each of the sections you can show additional fields in the sections or hide fields that
are currently showing. To show or hide individual sections, click on the button to the left of the
headings for each of the sections.
Information
The Info View only shows the fields that actually contain data. Using the
buttons in each of
the sections you can show additional fields. To do this, activate the corresponding checkboxes
in the shortcut menu.
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Info View
Manual
7.7.1 General section
Title input field
Here you can enter a title for your image.
Description input field
Here you can enter a description for your image.
Comment input field
Here you can enter a comment.
Keywords input field
Here you can enter keywords for your image.
Rating input field
Here you can enter a rating for your image. To enter a rating, click on the star icons.
7.7.2 File section
Name display field
Displays the file name of the image without file extension.
File Type display field
Displays the file type of the image.
File Path display field
Displays the location where the image is saved in your file system.
File Size display field
Displays the file size of the image.
Created display field
Displays when the image was created.
Last Modified display field
Displays when the image was last changed.
User display field
Displays the name of the user. You can enter the user name in the Extras menu | Options | User
Management [➙ p.45].
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7.7.3 Image Dimensions section
Time Series
Displays how many time points the image contains. The value in brackets shows the full dura‐
tion of acquisition.
Z-Stack
Displays how many Z-planes the image contains. The value in brackets shows the full size of
the Z-stack.
Channels
Displays how many channels the image contains.
Tiles
Displays how many individual images (tiles) the image is composed of.
Scaling (per Pixel)
Displays the scaling per pixel.
Edit button
Opens the Edit Scaling [➙ p.148] dialog window.
Image Size (Pixels)
Displays the image size in pixels. The first number indicates the horizontal dimension and the
second the vertical dimension.
Image Size (Scaled)
Displays the scaled image size. The first number indicates the horizontal dimension and the
second the vertical dimension.
Image Format
Displays the bit depth. This depends on the camera settings.
Stage Position
Displays the stage position. Within the image this is the center point. In the case of tile images
this is the center point of the first tile.
Scanning Mode
Displays the scanning mode. This can either be the image field, an image line or a pixel.
Scanner Zoom
Displays the zoom factor. The value 1 corresponds to the standardized image field of all confo‐
cal systems.
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Rotation
Displays the rotation of the image field around the optical axis.
Crop Offset
Displays the shift of the scanned region from the center of the image.
Pixel Time
Displays for how long the emission signal is collected per pixel. This is the so-called integration
time.
Line Time
Displays how long the system needs to scan an image line.
Frame Time
Displays how long the system needs to scan the image field displayed in X and Y in full.
Averaging
Displays the number of individual measurements per image or line. The average of the individu‐
al measurements produces the pixel intensity values for the image.
7.7.4 Acquisition section
Microscope
Displays which microscope was used to acquire the image.
Objective
Displays which objective was used to acquire the image.
Optovar
Displays which Optovar was used to acquire the image.
Reflector
Displays which reflector cube was used to acquire the image.
Beam Splitter
Displays which beam splitter was used to acquire the channel.
Emission Wavelength
Displays the main emission wavelength of the channel or dye used.
Excitation Wavelength
Displays the main excitation wavelength of the channel or dye used.
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Manual
Contrast Method
Displays the contrast technique. In transmitted light this is the condenser setting, while in reflec‐
ted light it corresponds to the selected reflector cube.
Ligth Source Intensity
Displays the lamp intensity with which the image was acquired.
Pinhole
Displays the diameter of the pinhole.
Laser Power Percent
Displays the percentage of laser power used for acquisition.
Laser Blanking
Blanking of the laser during scanner movement without acquisition.
Laser Atten. Bleach.
Displays the laser power used for bleaching.
Channel Name
Displays the name of the channel.
Channel Description
Here you can enter a description of the channel. Describe the exact use of the channel or what
can be seen in this channel.
Dye Name
Displays the name of the dye.
Channel Color
Displays the pseudo color allocated to the channel.
Camera
Displays which camera was used to acquire the image.
Camera Adapter
Displays which camera adapter was used to acquire the image.
EM Gain
Displays the factor by which the camera signal was increased.
Exposure Time
Displays the exposure time with which the image was acquired.
Depth of Focus
Displays the depth of focus. This is calculated according to the following formula:
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Depth of field = (2 * n * λ) / (NA)² = (2 * refractive index * emission wavelength) / (numerical
aperture)²
Section Thickness
Displays the thickness of the optical section.
Binning Mode
Displays whether binning was applied during acquisition and how much.
Detector
Displays which detector was used for acquisition.
Detector Gain
Displays the gain setting of the detector for acquisition.
Detector Digital Gain
Displays the digital gain of the detector during acquisition.
Detector Offset
Displays the offset settings of the detector during acquisition.
Information
In the case of multichannel images the channel-dependent information is saved in a table.
Here the sorting of the individual information fields may differ.
7.7.5 Info View dialog window
7.7.5.1 Edit Scaling dialog window
The Edit Scaling dialog window is divided up into table form. The columns contain the Scaling
Factor and Scaling Unit and the rows the dimensions.
Scaling Factor column
Enter the desired scaling factor in the spin boxes/input fields.
Scaling Unit column
Select the desired scaling unit from the dropdown list. The metric units Meter, Centimeter, Milli‐
meter, Micrometer and Nanometer are available as options, as well as the imperial units Inch
and Mil.
Row X
Shows the scaling in the horizontal direction.
Row Y
Shows the scaling in the vertical direction.
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Split View
Manual
Row Z
Shows the scaling in the 3rd dimension. This is usually the focus direction.
Information
Row Z for the third dimension is only displayed if the image has a third dimension.
OK button
Adopts the settings into the current image.
Cancel button
Closes the dialog window without adopting the settings.
7.8 Split View
Only visible for multichannel images.
In this view you see all channels of a multichannel image. The channels are displayed side by
side, in the channel colors that have been assigned to them. You also see the mixed image
view in which all the channels are overlaid.
Information
By double-clicking on a channel image, you can switch quickly to the 2D view.
Double-clicking on the image in the 2D view switches you back to the Split view. If you doubleclick on one of the displayed channels, only this channel will be shown in 2D View. If you dou‐
ble-click on the merge view, it will be shown in 2D View.
See also
2 2D View [➙ p.128]
2 General view controls [➙ p.176]
7.9 Ortho View
Only visible for Z-stack images.
In the Ortho (orthogonal section) view you can analyze your Z-stack images. Here, in addition to
the top view (X/Y axis), you will also see the section views of the X/Z axes (top) and Y/Z axes
(right).
See also
2 General view controls [➙ p.176]
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Ortho View
Manual
7.9.1 View specific controls
7.9.1.1 Ortho Display tab
Section Lines section
Enter the positions (pixel values) for the section lines using the X/Y/Z sliders or spin boxes/input
fields.
Information
Alternatively you can also adjust the positions directly in the image area. To adjust the posi‐
tions, move the mouse over a section line in the image. Hold down the left mouse button and
move the mouse.
To position the relevant slider at the center of the view, click on the Center button.
Line Thickness section
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Enter the thickness of the section lines in pixels using the sliders or spin boxes/input fields. This
results in a maximum intensity projection being displayed over the selected pixel width.
Line Opacity slider
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Here you can enter the degree of opacity of the section lines from 0% (invisible) to 100% (com‐
pletely opaque).
Maximum Intensity Projection checkbox
Activated: Displays a maximum intensity projection (MIP) across all planes for all 3 views. The
section lines are hidden and the control elements that are not relevant in this view are deactiva‐
ted.
3D Distance Measurement checkbox
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Activated: Activates the 3D distance measurement. The Set Start and Set End buttons, the co‐
ordinate displays and the Distance display window are visible. To set a starting point for the
measurement, navigate the cutlines to the desired starting point and click on the Set Start but‐
ton. The Set End button will become active. To set an end point for the measurement, navigate
the cutlines to the desired end point and click on the Set End button. The pixel coordinates of
the measurement points are displayed next to the buttons. The measured distance is displayed
in the Distance display field.
New Image section
Here you can create a new image document. Select the desired view from the dropdown list
(only in Show All mode). To save the image, click on the Save As button.
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Cut View
Manual
Information
The resulting image contains the image data in the same dynamics (bit depth) as the original
image and consists of the same number of channels (in the case of multichannel images) or
time points (in the case of time lapse images) as the original image, but only contains the Zplane currently displayed.
7.10 Cut View
Only visible for Z-Stack images.
This view allows looking from a different x/y/z-position/pitch/yaw to the slices of your Z-Stack im‐
age.
See also
2 General view controls [➙ p.176]
7.10.1 View specific controls
7.10.1.1 Cut Display tab
X/Y/Z slider
Moves view in X/Y/Z-direction.
Pitch slider
Adjusts view pitch.
Yaw slider
Adjusts view yaw.
Navigator button
Shows Navigator-Window in Center Screen Area. Adjust settings directly in graphical illustra‐
tion.
Reset button
Resets each setting to default.
Reset all button
Resets all settings to default.
7.11 3D View
Only visible for Z-stack images.
This view displays your Z-stack fluorescence images three-dimensionally.
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3D View
Manual
1
2
Fig. 27: 3D View
1 Tool bars
2 View specific controls
See also
2 General view controls [➙ p.176]
7.11.1 Tool bars
The tool bars are arranged to the left and right of the image area and underneath it. You can
use the tools to control the display of the 3D volumes in the image area.
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3D View
Manual
7.11.1.1 Left tool bar
Top thumb wheel
Enlarges or reduces the image area.
Bottom thumb wheel
Rotates the 3D volume around the horizontal (X) axis.
Arrow button
Use this to select end points of measurement tools that have been drawn into the 3D volume
(Measure tab). You can then edit the position of the end points.
Rotate button
Use this to rotate the 3D volume in any way you wish within the space. This is the default mode
when you switch to 3D view for the first time.
Zoom button
Use this to increase or reduce the zoom factor of the image area.
Move button
Use this to move the 3D volume laterally.
Fly button
Use this to fly through the 3D volume.
Flying through the 3D volume
➢ The Fly tool has been selected.
1. Move the mouse pointer inside the image area.
2. Hold down the left mouse button.
⇨ The view flies through the 3D volume. If you move the mouse during this process, you can
influence the trajectory. Try it out and see.
7.11.1.2 Tool bar bottom
Left thumb wheel
Use this to rotate the 3D volume around the vertical (Y) axis.
Right thumb wheel
Use this to rotate the 3D volume around the (Z) axis perpendicular to the screen plane.
Home view button
Use this to switch back to the start view from any view. A top view of the 3D volume is dis‐
played. Lateral movements and the zoom factor are adjusted so that the 3D volume can be
seen at the center of the image area.
Show measurements button
Use this to show or hide drawn-in measurements. If measurements are being shown, a table of
the measurements present in the image appears at the right edge.
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Manual
Show bounding box button
Use this to show or hide a bounding box around the 3D volume.
Show coordinate axes in color button
Use this to highlight the coordinate axes.
▪ X axis = red
▪ Y axis = blue
▪ Z axis = green
Show scaling button
Use this to show the scaling on each axis.
Animation mode button
Use this to set the 3D volume in continuous motion.
Animating the 3D volume
➢ The Animation Mode tool has been selected.
1. Move the mouse inside the image area.
2. Hold down the left mouse button and move the mouse.
3. Release the left mouse button again.
⇨ The 3D volume rotates continuously in the direction in which you moved the mouse. If you
move the mouse quickly, the 3D volume rotates quickly. If you move the mouse slowly, the
3D volume rotates slowly.
⇨ To stop the animation, left-click again in the image area.
7.11.1.3 Right tool bar
Toggle X/Y clipping plane (blue) button
Use this to show or hide the X/Y clipping plane.
Toggle X/Z clipping plane (green) button
Use this to show or hide the X/Z clipping plane.
Toggle Y/Z clipping plane (red) button
Use this to show or hide the Y/Z clipping plane.
Snap button
Creates a 2D image of the current view. The image is a 24 bit color image. All annotations are
burnt in automatically.
Add button
Adds the current view to a position list as a new position. With the help of position lists you can
have your view calculated as a series of individual images. This series can then be exported as
a film, for example.
Play button
Only active if a position list containing at least two saved positions exists. Plays back a preview
of the series that is calculated. To stop the preview, click on the button again.
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Manual
7.11.2 View specific controls
7.11.2.1 3D tab
Here you can specify which projection/rendering mode you want to use to display the 3D vol‐
ume. There are 5 view modes available. To activate the desired view mode, click on the rele‐
vant button.
Projection mode buttons
Button
Description
Shadow button
Activates Shadow projection mode.
Transparency button
Activates Transparency rendering mode.
Maximum button
Activates Maximum intensity projection mode.
Surface button
Activates Surface reconstruction mode
Mixed button
Activates combination of transparency rendering and surface re‐
construction mode
Precise/Fast slider
Enter the level of detail with which you want the view to be calculated here.
Information
If you select the Fine setting, all the information present in the image is used to achieve the
best possible display. The calculation time can increase accordingly.
If you select the Fast setting, the image data are significantly reduced before the calculation.
The calculation is fast, but only a very coarse 3D display of the volume is achieved.
Depth coding checkbox
Only active if Transparency, Maximum or Mixed mode is activated.
Activated: Replaces the channel colors of the volume with a rainbow color table. This is also
shown as a palette with an indication of the depth (in scaled units).
Calculation Method dropdown list
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
This dropdown list is not available in Mixed mode.
Accelerated This list entry is only available in Transparency, Maximum and Surface modes.
Performs the calculation using the graphics card. The display is faster and you have more set‐
ting options.
Restricted This list entry is only available in Transparency, Maximum and Surface modes.
Performs the calculation using the computer's CPU only. The setting options are restricted here.
Detailed This list entry is only available in Surface mode.
Die Beschreibung dieses Listeneintrags wird nachgereicht.
Free View This list entry is only available in Shadow mode.
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Allows you to position the 3D volume freely.
Front This list entry is only available in Shadow mode.
Shows the 3D volume from the front.
Back This list entry is only available in Shadow mode.
Shows the 3D volume from the back.
Clipping Planes buttons
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Only visible if Transparency, Maximum, Surface or Mixed view mode is activated.
Using the three buttons you can activate or deactivate clipping planes in the 3D volume.
If you right-click on one of the buttons, a shortcut menu opens. Here you can choose whether
you want the front, back or both sides of the 3D volume to be clipped. You can also specify how
the clipping plane is displayed.
Under each button is a slider. You can use this to move the relevant clipping plane within the
volume.
Wedge checkbox
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Not visible in Shadow mode.
Activated: Activates two texture planes. Only the sector between the planes is cut out. You can
select which planes you want to be used for the wedge function from the dropdown list. The se‐
lection is also visible in the relevant buttons.
Stored dropdown list
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Here you can select saved 3D settings.
button
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Opens a shortcut menu with the following options:
New Creates a new settings file that is given a name automatically and has the file extension *.cz3dr.
The settings file can be found in the user path under \My Documents\Carl Zeiss\ZEN\Docu‐
ments\3D render settings
Delete Deletes the selected settings file from the hard drive.
Rename Renames the selected settings file. Enter a new name in the input field and confirm with OK.
Save As Saves the selected settings file under a different name.
Import Imports a *.cz3dr file and applies it to the current image.
Export Exports a *.cz3dr file to a different location.
Create Image button
Creates a new image from the current view. This image is a 24 bit RGB color image. All graphic
elements, such as annotations, are burnt in.
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7.11.2.2 Appearance tab
Here you can define the appearance of the 3D volume. On the tabs available on this tab, select
the setting that you want to change (e.g. Transparency). Depending on which view mode you
have activated, different control elements are available on the tabs.
Surface tab
Only visible if Shadow, Surface or Mixed view mode is activated.
Roughness slider
Only visible if Shadow view mode is activated.
Enter the roughness of the surface of the 3D volume using the slider or spin box/input field. This
changes the plasticity of the display.
Information
If pixels enter the saturation range, artifacts may occur. In this case enter a lower roughness
value.
The following sliders are only visible if Surface or Mixed view mode is activated:
Threshold Value slider
Here you can set the lower threshold value in percent of the gray levels displayed. With this set‐
ting you specify the gray value range for the relevant channel that you want to be included in the
rendered image.
Diffuse Light slider
Here you can set the basic brightness on a scale from 0 to 100%.
Directional Light slider
Here you can set the directional brightness from 0 to 100%. This value influences the differen‐
ces between bright and dark structures.
Shine slider
Here you can set the surface shine.
Reset button
Resets all entries to the original values.
Transparency tab
Channel Selection
Here you can select the channel of a multichannel image for which you want to set the transpar‐
ency.
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Threshold Value slider
Here you can set the lower threshold value in percent of the gray levels displayed. With this set‐
ting you specify the gray value range for the relevant channel that you want to be included in the
rendered image.
Ramp Width slider
Here you can set the extent of the transition from completely transparent to completely opaque
(0-100 percent).
Maximum slider
Here you can enter the level of opacity (0-100 percent).
Histogram Display
Here the settings that you enter using the sliders are displayed schematically. The X axis repre‐
sents the gray level values and the Y axis the opacity. You can also change the position of the
curve using the mouse.
Reset button
Resets all entries to the original values.
Channels tab
Only visible if Mixed view mode is activated.
Here you can specify how Transparency and Surface are mixed. In the case of multichannel im‐
ages you can also configure these settings differently for each channel.
Activate the corresponding checkboxes for Transparency and Surface in the list.
Background tab
Background Color section
Here you can set the background color for the 3D view. To do this, click on the color field and
select the desired color.
Background Distance section
Only visible if Shadow view mode is activated.
Enter the distance of the background from the 3D volume using the slider or spin box/input field.
Shadow checkbox
Only visible if Shadow view mode is activated.
Activated: Displays the shadow cast by the 3D volume.
Light tab
Brightness slider
Here you can enter the brightness of the light source.
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Distance slider
Only visible if Surface or Mixed view mode is activated.
Here you can enter the distance of the light source from the 3D volume.
Azimuth slider
Here you can enter the angle of the light source above the virtual horizon.
Elongation slider
Here you can enter the light source's horizontal angle of incidence.
Light Source Display
As an alternative to the slider or input field, you can set the Azimuth and Extension together by
using the mouse to move the point within the light source display.
Illuminated Interiors checkbox
Activated: Illuminates the interior of a surface-rendered volume.
Colored Interiors checkbox
Activated: Illuminates the interior of a surface-rendered volume in color. It is easier to differenti‐
ate the inside from the outside if this option is activated. In this case the illumination is colored
blue.
Reset button
Resets all entries to the original values.
Projection tab
Projection Angle slider
Here you can set the projection angle at which you want to view the scene freely between 0°
and 80°. The effect of this on the perspective display is as if you are viewing the 3D image
through a telephoto or wide-angle lens.
Z Extension slider
Here you can set the extension of the volume in the Z direction (value range 10% - 600%).
Stereo Image checkbox
Activated: Displays the 3D volume as anaglyphs. You can choose between the Red/Green or
Red/Cyan radio button.
Camera Distance slider
Here you can enter the distance between the two virtual cameras (0-20%).
Parallax slider
Here you can enter the degree of movement that is necessary to bring the two camera images
back into line (-100 to +100%).
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Reset button
Resets all entries to the original values.
7.11.2.3 Clipping Planes tab
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Here you can edit clipping planes. To select a clipping plane, click on the relevant button. The
editing functions which you can use to modify the selected clipping plane become visible below
the buttons.
X/Y button
Activates the editing functions for the X/Y clipping plane.
X/Z button
Activates the editing functions for the X/Z clipping plane.
Y/Z button
Activates the editing functions for the Y/Z clipping plane.
Activate Clipping Planes checkbox
Activated: Automatically inserts all 3 clipping planes into the 3D volume. Activates the editing
functions for each clipping plane.
Information
On the Clipping Planes tab you can edit the clipping planes. On the 3D tab you can activate or
deactivate the relevant clipping planes in the 3D volume.
Reset button
Resets all entries to the original values.
The following functions are only visible if the Activate Clipping Plane checkbox is activated and
a clipping plane has been selected:
Activate checkbox
Activated: Activates the selected clipping plane in the 3D volume. Each plane is positioned at
the center of the 3D volume and aligned orthogonally (in the X/Y, X/Z, Y/Z direction).
Change the display of the selected clipping plane using the dropdown list to the right of the
checkbox. The following settings are available:
Invisible The plane is invisible.
Colored The plane is displayed in color. The frame color is used with 50% transparency here.
Black/White The data above the threshold value that are touched by the clipping plane are displayed in bina‐
ry form as a white area. Black pixels are non-transparent.
Transparent The data that are touched by the clipping plane are displayed as they are in Transparent view
mode, but in 2 dimensions. The ramp for the transparency is linear here. Black pixels are trans‐
parent.
Textured The data that are touched by the clipping plane are displayed in textured form. Black pixels are
transparent.
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Finely Tex‐ The display appears as it does with the Textured setting, but with full resolution. Black pixels are
tured transparent.
Opaque The display appears as it does with the Transparent setting. Black pixels do not let any light
through, however, meaning that the render data behind them are not displayed.
Frame checkbox
Activated: Displays the frame of the selected clipping plane. Enter the frame color via the color
field.
Clip Front checkbox
Activated: Clips the front of the 3D volume.
Clip Back checkbox
Activated: Clips the back of the 3D volume.
Clip Transparency checkbox
Only active if Mixed view mode is activated.
Activated: In addition to the surface data, also clips the transparency data.
Clip Surfaces section
Only visible if Surface or Mixed view mode is activated.
Here you can enter which channel you want to be clipped using the channel buttons.
Orientation Sliders section
Position Here you can enter the position of the selected clipping plane.
<X (X Angle) Here you can enter the X angle for the selected clipping plane.
<Y (Y Angle) Here you can enter the Y angle for the selected clipping plane.
Reset Orientation button
Resets the selected clipping plane to the original position.
7.11.2.4 Series tab
Here you can create render series of individual views, which you can later view and export as a
film.
The tab contains different control elements depending on the series type. The following ele‐
ments are the same, however, for all types: Saving of Settings, Selection of Settings, Apply but‐
ton, Number of Individual Images input field and Fixed Resolution checkbox.
Settings according to series type
It is possible to create 5 different types of series:
▪ Rotation around a fixed X, Y or Z axis, indicating the start and end point
▪ Definition of a start and end point
▪ Definition of a list of positions
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Select the type of series that you want to create from the Series Type dropdown list.
Rotation control elements
The X rotation, Y rotation and Z rotation series types all have the same control elements and
differ only in the axis around which the rotation is calculated.
The preview function is not available for these types of series.
Panorama/Partial Panorama selection field
Select the 360° panorama if you want to generate a complete rotation.
If you select a partial panorama, you can specify the starting angle and stopping angle that you
want to be used to create the series. To do this, enter the desired values in the input fields.
The direction of rotation with which you want the series to be created can be specified using the
two buttons showing the rotation icons.
Angle Definition control element
When you are configuring a partial panorama, the desired angles can also be indicated easily
using the circular control element: Grab the white start/stop points with the mouse and position
these accordingly on the circle. The number of individual images is also displayed here.
Use the Apply button to create the series.
Start/Stop control elements
If you have selected Start/Stop as the series type, 4 sliders will appear with input fields for the
individual parameters to define the starting and stopping position.
Starting Position
Select the Starting Position option.
You can position the volume as required using the mouse. The geometric parameters are dis‐
played in the input fields. You can also indicate the angle for X, Y or Z and the zoom factor di‐
rectly using the slider or value field. All changes are displayed immediately in the image area.
Stopping Position
Select the Stopping Position option.
You can position the volume as required using the mouse. The geometric parameters are dis‐
played in the input fields. You can also indicate the angle for X, Y or Z and the zoom factor di‐
rectly using the slider or value field. All changes are displayed immediately in the image area.
Use the Apply button to create the series.
Position List control elements
With the Position List series type you can save any number of views of the volume within the
space as positions in a position list and in this way generate an animation around changing ro‐
tation axes or with changing zoom factors.
The positions are displayed in a list view.
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Append/Insert buttons
You can add a current position by clicking on the Append button. If you want to insert a new
position between two existing positions, click on the Insert button.
Position List
Each position is displayed in the list with its X, Y, Z angle and zoom level. Using the control ele‐
ments at the bottom of the list you can change the order of the positions (arrow buttons), cut
positions (scissors icon) and insert them again at another position (insert icon) or delete posi‐
tions (wastepaper bin icon).
If you want to delete all positions, click on the Empty List button.
Parameters checkbox
You can determine which of the following parameters you want to be taken into consideration
when the series is calculated. To do this, select the corresponding option in the checkbox:
▪ Light: Illumination parameters are considered
▪ Transparency: Various transparency settings (not in Surface mode)
▪ Background: Color and distance of the background
▪ Time Series (only for time lapse images)
▪ Viewing Angle
▪ Planes (not in Shadow mode)
▪ Surfaces (only in Surface and Mixed mode)
Saving of Settings
Saving of Settings
Clicking on the Options dropdown button opens a shortcut menu with the following options:
▪ New: Creates a new settings file. This file can be found in the user's local document path
(e.g. \My Documents\Carl Zeiss\ZEN\Documents, in a corresponding subfolder).
▪ Delete: Deletes the settings file currently selected in the Saved dropdown list from the hard
drive.
▪ Rename: Opens a dialog to rename the currently selected settings file.
▪ Save As ... : Saves a copy of the currently selected settings file under a different name.
▪ Save: Saves changes to a currently selected settings file.
▪ Import: Opens settings files that have been saved at a location other than the default loca‐
tion using an Open File dialog.
▪ Export: Saves settings files at a location of your choice using a Save File dialog.
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Settings Selection
Select Saved Settings
Via a dropdown list you can select a settings file. This is then used when you click on the Apply
button.
Preview
To obtain a preview of the series to be created, click on the Play button. To stop the preview,
click on the Stop button.
Apply button
Apply button
The series is calculated when you click on the Apply button.
Number of Individual Images input field
Number of Individual Images input field
Here you can indicate the number of individual images that you want the series to consist of
after the calculation. The more individual images that you specify here, the more fluidly the
scene transitions will be displayed later. Click on the dropdown button to select predefined val‐
ues from a list.
Fixed Resolution checkbox
As a rule, the image series is calculated using the current screen resolution. If you want to set a
different format for the series, select the Fixed Resolution checkbox. In the input fields that are
now visible you can enter the width x height in pixels with which you want the series to be cre‐
ated.
7.11.2.5 Measure tab
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Here you can perform interactive measurements in the 3D volume. No measurements are pos‐
sible in Shadow view mode. The measurement tools and measured values are displayed in the
3D volume and can be changed there. The measured values can also be displayed in the form
of a table and processed further in other programs.
Tool bar
Using the tools you can perform interactive measurements in the 3D volume. The following tools
are available:
Selection Changes the mouse pointer to Selection mode. Use this to select measurements in the 3D vol‐
ume in order to change them.
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Line Use this to measure the length of a line in µm. Click once on the starting point and hold down
the mouse button. Then drag the mouse to the end point and release the mouse button again.
The measurement is complete. The result of the measurement is displayed in the list to the right
of the image area.
Angle Use this to measure the angle between two connected legs. First define the starting point. Then
use the mouse to drag the first leg to the desired first end point. Define the second leg by click‐
ing on the second end point. The angle measurement ends with a display of the angle meas‐
ured (in degrees). The result of the measurement is displayed in the list to the right of the image
area.
Curve (Poly‐ Use this to measure along a line with any number of segments. Click from corner point to corner
gon) point. Complete the measurement by right-clicking. The result of the measurement is displayed
in the list to the right of the image area.
Information
All measurement tools are also displayed on the 3D Graphics tab. You can make changes to
the format and name there.
Keep Tool checkbox
Activated: Keeps the selected tool active.
Change Color checkbox
Activated: Automatically changes the color of the drawn-in tool.
Display Measurements checkbox
Activated: Shows the list of measured values to the right of the image area. The following set‐
tings are also activated:
In Foreground checkbox
Activated: Brings all drawn-in measurement tools into the foreground, even if these are in fact
obscured by image structures.
Display Val‐ In Image checkbox
ues section Activated: Displays the measured values in the 3D volume.
As List checkbox
Activated: Displays the measured values in the measurement data table.
Delete Selected button
Only active if a measurement tool has been selected in the 3D volume.
Deletes selected measurement tools from the 3D volume.
Delete All button
Deletes all measurement tools from the 3D volume.
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7.11.2.6 3D Graphics tab
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Tool bar
Using the tools you can perform interactive measurements in the 3D volume. The following tools
are available:
Selection Changes the mouse pointer to Selection mode. Use this to select measurements in the 3D vol‐
ume in order to change them.
Line Use this to measure the length of a line in µm. Click once on the starting point and hold down
the mouse button. Then drag the mouse to the end point and release the mouse button again.
The measurement is complete. The result of the measurement is displayed in the list to the right
of the image area.
Angle Use this to measure the angle between two connected legs. First define the starting point. Then
use the mouse to drag the first leg to the desired first end point. Define the second leg by click‐
ing on the second end point. The angle measurement ends with a display of the angle meas‐
ured (in degrees). The result of the measurement is displayed in the list to the right of the image
area.
Curve (Poly‐ Use this to measure along a line with any number of segments. Click from corner point to corner
gon) point. Complete the measurement by right-clicking. The result of the measurement is displayed
in the list to the right of the image area.
Information
All measurement tools are also displayed on the 3D Graphics tab. You can make changes to
the format and name there.
Measurement Tools list
All the measurement tools contained in the 3D volume are displayed here. The list contains the
following columns:
Eye icon Here you can select whether or not a measurement tool is displayed in the image. If you click in
the title field of the column, the setting is made simultaneously for all entries.
Lock No function!
Type Displays the tool type. If you click on the icon, you can change the color of the tool.
ID Displays the unique identification number of the measurement tool.
A No function
M checkbox Activated: Displays the measurement data in the image. If you click in the title field of the col‐
umn, the setting is made simultaneously for all entries.
Name Displays the name of the tool. To change the name, double-click on the entry. Then enter a new
name. Confirm the entry with the Enter key.
7.11.2.7 Renderer tab
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Here you will find special settings that do not normally have to be changed.
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Fly Mode In the Flight Speed input field you can enter the speed (value range 1-1000%) that you want to
section be used for Fly mode.
Appearance Draw Edge Triangles checkbox
section Using this option you can specify whether smooth areas are displayed in Surface mode. If this
option is not activated, these areas have the appearance of openings through which you can
look into the rendered volume.
2D Textures checkbox
Activated: Uses 2D contours instead of 3D textures.
Texture Opacity input field:
Changes the opacity of all textures.
Texture Change Angle input field
Here you can enter the angle at which the next collection of 2D textures is loaded (value range
0-90°).
Renderer OpenGL Mode dropdown list
section In the event of problems with the graphics card, the OpenGL calculations can be performed by
the CPU. Select the Software entry from the dropdown list to use this option.
Use Palette Textures checkbox
Activated: Uses palette textures. This is only possible with older graphics cards.
Use Intensity Alpha Textures checkbox
Activated: Uses a particularly memory-efficient texture type for single-channel images.
Use Display Lists checkbox
Activated: Uses display lists for precalculation. This can speed up the display.
Hardware-Accelerated Series checkbox
Activated: Speeds up the calculation of render series. Deactivate this function in the event of
problems with the creation of series.
Limit Memory checkbox
Activated: Limits the maximum graphics card memory used.
Reset button
Resets all entries to the original values.
7.12 Colocalization View
Only visible for multichannel fluorescence images.
In the Colocal. (colocalization) view, you can analyze the extent of colocalization quantitatively
in two fluorescence channels. The view consists of two main areas: the X/Y scatter plot on the
left and the actual image (2 channels are displayed) in the right image area. Using the Colocali‐
zation tab, you can also display the Colocalization table in the lower image area.
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Information
The channels that you are comparing with one another are displayed in the image area in the
form of a color overlay. The channel color of the image is used here. If the images have more
than 2 channels, you can add additional channels on the Dimensions tab. This temporary se‐
lection is deactivated, however, when you select the channels to be compared on the Colocali‐
zation tab.
See also
2 General view controls [➙ p.176]
7.12.1 X/Y Scatter Plot
The pixel intensities of two channels are plotted against one another in the diagram and each
pixel pair with the same X/Y image coordinates is displayed as a point. The frequency with
which pixels of a certain brightness occur is visualized by means of a color palette that is dis‐
played at the bottom of the diagram. The relative value range lies between 0-255.
The vertical and horizontal axes show the gray value range that applies for the relevant chan‐
nel.
The diagram is overlaid with two lines that subdivide it into 4 quadrants, numbered from 1-4. Us‐
ing the mouse you can position the lines freely and therefore adjust the threshold values to the
data.
The quadrants have the following meanings:
▪ 1: Non-colocalizing pixels from channel 1
▪ 2: Non-colocalizing pixels from channel 2
▪ 3: Colocalizing pixels
▪ 4: Background
7.12.2 Colocalization table
Only visible if the Table checkbox is activated on the Colocalization tab.
For each quadrant of the scatter plot there is a correspondingly labeled row in the table. The
Global row contains the values for the entire image. The table contains columns for the follow‐
ing measured values:
7.12.2.1 Region
Once a region has been selected it has a number assigned to it. This number appears in the
image and in the table.
7.12.2.2 Quadrant
Indicates the measured values for the four quadrants of the scatter plot.
7.12.2.3 Pixel Number
Shows the total number of pixels of each quadrant. The sum of all pixels in this column for all 4
quadrants corresponds to the product of the height x width of the original image.
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7.12.2.4 Area (µm²)
Area = number of pixels x scaling factor for X/Y
If there is no scaling for the original image, the following applies: 1 pixel = 1 µm.
7.12.2.5 Relative Area (%)
Relative area = area of quadrant/total area
7.12.2.6 Pearson's Correlation Coefficient
Provides information on the intensity distribution within the colocalization region.
Value range: -1 to 1.
1: All pixels are on a straight line in the scatter plot from bottom left to top right (if, for example,
you have used the same channel twice for the colocalization, you will find the value 1 in this
column).
0: The pixels in the scatter plot are distributed in a cloud without a preferred direction.
-1: The pixels do not overlap. The scatter plot stretches from top left to bottom right. This situa‐
tion can be described as negative colocalization and means "exclusion".
The calculation formula is as follows:
GV: Gray Value; AV: Average Gray Value; C: Channel
7.12.2.7 Manders' Correlation Coefficient
Insensitive to differences in the signal intensity between the two channels and bleaching.
Value range: 0 to 1
The calculation formula is as follows:
Fig. 28: C: Channel
7.12.2.8 Coloc. Coefficient 1
This coefficient indicates the relative number of colocalized pixels in channel 1 in relation to the
total number of pixels above the threshold value:
The values range between 0 and 1, with 0 indicating no colocalization and 1 indicating full co‐
localization.
Numerator = Number of pixels in quadrant 3
Denominator = Number of pixels in quadrant 3 + number of pixels in quadrant 1
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7.12.2.9 Coloc. Coefficient 2
This coefficient indicates the relative number of colocalized pixels in channel 2 in relation to the
total number of pixels above the threshold value:
The values range between 0 and 1, with 0 indicating no colocalization and 1 indicating full co‐
localization.
Numerator = Number of pixels in quadrant 3
Denominator = Number of pixels in quadrant 3 + number of pixels in quadrant 2
7.12.2.1 CC (weighted) 1
0
Weighted correlation coefficient channel 1. Calculated like the simple colocalization coefficient,
but using the sum of the gray value intensity rather than the number of pixels.
The values range between 0 and 1, with 0 indicating no colocalization and 1 indicating full co‐
localization.
Numerator = Sum of intensity of all pixels in quadrant 3
Denominator = Sum of intensity of all pixels above the threshold value
7.12.2.1 CC (weighted) 2
1
Weighted correlation coefficient channel 2. Calculated like the simple colocalization coefficient,
but using the sum of the gray value intensity rather than the number of pixels.
The values range between 0 and 1, with 0 indicating no colocalization and 1 indicating full co‐
localization.
Numerator = Sum of intensity of all pixels in quadrant 3
Denominator = Sum of intensity of all pixels above the threshold value
7.12.2.1 Average Intensity 1
2
The sum of all gray values from channel 1, divided by the total number of pixels in this channel:
7.12.2.1 Average Intensity 2
3
The sum of all gray values from channel 2, divided by the total number of pixels in this channel:
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7.12.2.1 Standard Deviation 1
4
Displays the standard deviation of the gray values in channel 1:
7.12.2.1 Standard Deviation 2
5
Displays the standard deviation of the gray values in channel 2:
7.12.2.1 Z Index
6
Displays the Z index for Z-stack images.
7.12.2.1 T Index
7
Displays the time index for time lapse images.
7.12.2.1 Relative Time
8
Displays the time of acquisition for all dimensions of a multidimensional image, beginning at 0h:
00min:00sec:00msec.
7.12.2.1 Relative Focus
9
Displays the relative focus position at which an image has been acquired.
7.12.3 View specific controls
7.12.3.1 Colocalization tab
Here you will find all the control elements that you need to perform a colocalization analysis.
Tool Bar section
Use the tools to draw regions into the image in which you want the analysis to be performed. A
description of the tools can be found on the Graphics tab [➙ p.184].
Once a region has been drawn in, it is automatically treated as an active region. The scatter plot
shows the pixel value frequencies for this region.
The Colocalization table displays the data for the entire image and for the selected region. To
select several regions, hold down the Ctrl key and click on the desired regions.
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Apart from drawing regions into the image, you can also draw them into the X/Y scatter plot. If
you have used the function in the Masking section [➙ p.174], only those pixels that are framed
by a region in the scatter plot are taken into consideration. This means that you can correlate
interesting point clouds quickly with the corresponding pixels in the image.
If you have drawn regions into the scatter plot, the ROI (region of interest) button will also ap‐
pear in the tool bar. As long as this button is activated (highlighted in blue), you can select,
move and change the regions in the scatter plot using the Selection tool. If you want to change
the quadrant lines again, you will need to deselect the ROI button beforehand.
Channels and Scatter Plot Control section
Channels dropdown lists
Here you can select which channels of a multichannel image are compared with one another.
Select a channel for both the horizontal and vertical diagram axis from the Channels dropdown
list. The first and second channel are always selected by default. As soon as you have made a
selection, all other channels are automatically removed from the image display. You can, how‐
ever, add other channels temporarily on the Dimensions tab.
Threshold sliders
Using the two Threshold sliders and the two spin boxes/input fields, you can set the threshold
value (in gray levels) for both channels.
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Range dropdown lists
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Here you can define the gray value range that the diagram axes will display. Auto is selected
here by default, which means that the range is automatically set to the brightest pixel in the im‐
age. You can, however, enter a fixed gray value range between 256 (8 bits) and 65535 (16
bits). If the image is a time lapse or Z-stack image, provided Auto has been selected, you can
select the dimension for which you want the gray value range to be automatically determined
from another dropdown list. In this way you can easily determine a valid diagram setting for an
entire time series, for example, without having to analyze each individual time point.
Costes button
Calculates the optimal threshold value according to Costes et al.
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Masking section
Channels buttons
Here you can mask pixels in the image according to which one of the four quadrants they be‐
long to. The numbers on the buttons correspond to the numbering of the quadrants in the X/Y
scatter plot. The color selection window is accessed by clicking on the color field. Using the
Opacity slider you can determine the degree of transparency of the masking.
Cut button
Only active if a quadrant has been masked.
Creates a new image exclusively containing the masked pixels.
Create section
Diagram button
Creates a new image document from the X/Y scatter plot. In the case of time series or Z-stacks
the dimensions are also created automatically.
The following functions are only visible if the Show All mode is activated:
Table button
Creates a new table document. The document contains all measurement data from the colocali‐
zation analysis. All dimensions, such as T and Z, are also taken into account. This table can be
saved as a *.csv document for further processing in other programs.
Table checkbox
Activated: Displays the colocalization table in the image area.
7.13 Analysis View
Only visible if an interactive measurement has been performed.
In the Analysis view the image from the interactive measurement and the table containing the
measurement results are displayed.
Information
To highlight the row of the table containing the measured values of an object, click on a meas‐
ured object in the image.
To highlight the corresponding measured object in the image, click on a row in the table.
See also
2 General view controls [➙ p.176]
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7.13.1 View specific controls
7.13.1.1 Analysis tab
On the Analysis tab you can define how the measured objects are displayed in an image.
Show Objects checkbox
Activated: Displays the measured objects in the graphics plane.
Fill checkbox
Activated: Displays the objects in filled form.
Deactivated: Displays only the contours of the objects.
Opacity slider
Here you can set the opacity with which the measured objects are displayed in the graphics
plane.
Delete Measurement Data button
Deletes all objects and measurement data from the image.
Show All Classes checkbox
Activated: Displays the objects of all classes.
Deactivated: Displays the objects of the selected class.
Create Measurement Data Tables button
Creates two measurement data tables. One measurement data table contains the field features
for all classes and the other the object features for all classes.
Classes section
In the Classes section select the class whose measurement features you want to be displayed
in the measurement data table. For each class there are two entries: the first entry concerns all
the objects belonging to the class (field features) and the second represents an individual object
(object features).
7.14 Panorama View
In the Panorama view you can see the complete overview of the microscope stage. The tools
that allow you to control acquisition are arranged in the tools window in the bottom right corner
of the image. There you can control the exposure time, determine the focus position and ac‐
quire an individual or Z-stack image.
See also
2 General view controls [➙ p.176]
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Manual
7.14.1 Stage View
In the image area the full travel range of the microscope stage is displayed. You can control the
stage view using the arrow icons at the edges of the image area. The view can be enlarged,
reduced or moved using the general control elements.
Navigator frame
The current stage position is shown as a tile outlined in blue, the Navigator frame. In the Navi‐
gator frame you can see the camera's live image.
To move the frame, double-click on the position on the microscope stage to which you want to
move it.
To acquire images, use the Acquisition buttons in the Tools window.
7.14.2 Tools window
Center at Live Navigator button
Centers the stage view at the current position of the Navigator frame.
Acquisition button
Acquisition buttons
Acquire Tile Image button
Acquires a tile image. This comprises all activated channels as well as Z-stacks. Following ac‐
quisition a tile image is placed in the corresponding location in the stage view.
7.15 General view controls
7.15.1 Dimensions tab
On the Dimensions tab you can configure the settings for how the image will be displayed on
the screen. You can select the size of the display and call up information about the content of
the image. In the case of multidimensional images you can select here which dimension is dis‐
played.
7.15.1.1 Slider section
Depending on how many dimensions your image contains, up to 4 sliders are available in this
section. Using the sliders you can set the position that you want for each dimension available in
the image. You will see the current position number in the input field to the right of the relevant
slider. You can also enter the position number directly here.
The
buttons to the right of the input fields enable you to play back the dimension in
question automatically. This takes place at a rate of 5 images per second by default. You can
change the speed on the Player [➙ p.183] tab.
Depending on the available dimensions, the following sliders may be visible:
Z-Position Only visible in the case of Z-stack images.
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Here you can enter the desired Z-position.
Time Only visible in the case of time lapse images.
Here you can enter the desired time point.
Scene Only visible in the case of images of different positions.
Here you can enter the desired scene. If you deactivate the Scene checkbox, all scenes are dis‐
played as an overview.
Block Only visible if you have used the Experiment Designer.
Here you can enter the desired experiment block.
Total Time Only visible if you have used the Experiment Designer.
Here you can enter the duration across all blocks.
Information
For images with more than 3 dimensions a scrollbar is displayed which you can use to access
the other sliders.
See also
2 Experiment Designer tool [➙ p.90]
7.15.1.2 Zoom section
Fig. 29: Zoom section
This section contains tools that you can use to adjust the size of the image region displayed.
Symbol
Carl Zeiss Microscopy GmbH
Name
Function
Fit to Window
Automatically sets a zoom
factor at which the entire im‐
age can be displayed visibly
on the screen.
Normal View (100%)
Shows the image without in‐
creasing or decreasing the
zoom factor. One pixel of the
image corresponds to one pix‐
el on your screen.
Decrease Zoom (F8)
Decreases the zoom factor.
Increase Zoom (F7)
Increases the zoom factor.
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Symbol
Name
Function
Zoom slider & spin/input box
Here you can set the display
size steplessly. The desired
zoom factor can be entered in
the spin/input box in percent.
Auto-Fit checkbox
Activated: Adjusts the display
size automatically and contin‐
uously to the size of the win‐
dow.
Information
If you hold down the Ctrl-key, you can zoom in and out of the image using the mouse wheel.
7.15.1.3 Tools section
The bar in the Tools section contains other tools that you can use to interact with the image. A
selected tool appears in blue.
Selection Changes the mouse pointer to Selection mode. The mouse pointer appears in the form of the
mode default icon.
Zoom Rec‐ Changes the mouse pointer to Zoom Rectangle mode. The mouse pointer appears in the form
tangle of cross hairs. Hold down the left mouse button and drag out a selection rectangle. When you
release the left mouse button, the region within the rectangle is displayed in enlarged form.
Move Changes the mouse pointer to Move mode. The mouse pointer appears in the form of a hand.
Click inside the enlarged image region and hold down the left mouse button. You can now move
the image region.
Information
If you have a mouse with a mouse wheel, you can also use this to move enlarged image re‐
gions. Position the mouse pointer in Selection mode inside the enlarged image region. Hold
down the mouse wheel. The mouse pointer will then appear as a hand icon. You can now
move the image region. When you release the mouse wheel, the mouse pointer changes back
to the default icon.
Inner Zoom Only visible in Gallery view.
This function allows you to set a new zoom level for all images simultaneously using the mouse
wheel. The size of the Gallery View does not change here. This allows you to limit the view to
one interesting image region. Use the Move tool to move the view.
Show Pixel Changes the mouse pointer to Show Pixel Values mode. If you move the mouse pointer into the
Values image region, a vertical arrow and a display field will appear. The pixel values of the position to
which the arrow is pointing are displayed in the display field. In the first line of the display field
the X/Y coordinates are shown. The second line shows the X/Y coordinates in scaled units. In
the other lines the gray values for each channel are shown.
Navigator Opens the Navigator dialog window in the image region. There you will see an overview of your
button image and you can navigate to different positions using a rectangular window.
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Interpolation Activated: The pixel elements of the image are shown in an interpolated display. This makes it
checkbox possible to avoid the pixelated display of small or greatly enlarged images.
Deactivated: The pixel elements of the image are displayed on the screen as they are. This
function is activated by default, but can be deactivated under Options [➙ p.43] if required.
See also
2 Navigator window [➙ p.128]
7.15.1.4 Channels section
The bar in the Channels section contains all the channels that you are using in your image.
Here you can switch the display of channels in images on or off and change the channel colors
(pseudo color assignment).
Channel buttons
A button is displayed for each channel. Each button has two functions:
1. The channel name is displayed in the top section. To switch a channel off/on again, left-click
on this section of the button.
2. The bottom section of the button shows the channel color. The display changes depending
on the status of the button:
▪ When switched off, you will see a colored line below the button.
▪ When switched on, you will see a color field with a dropdown list below the button. Clicking
on the dropdown list opens the Color Selection dialog window.
Information
For images with 8 or more channels, the Channel buttons are reduced in size. In this case it is
no longer possible to change the color channel by channel.
Single-Channel Mode checkbox
Activated: Only a single channel is displayed.
Show Colors checkbox
Only visible in the Channels view.
Activated: Displays the individual channels of multichannel images without the assignment of
pseudo colors.
Saturation Display checkbox
Activated: Changes the display to the Single-Channel Mode. The channel is displayed in mono‐
chrome. At the same time you will see regions in which the camera sensor is saturated (dis‐
played in red) and regions in which the pixel values = 0 (displayed in blue). This function helps
you to set your camera's exposure time so that saturation of the detector is avoided.
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Information
With camera systems it is not normally possible to achieve pixel values of 0. The blue indicator
is therefore not normally displayed.
Fast Color Selection button
Opens a dialog that allows you to select a color quickly for all channels of a multichannel image.
The following options can be set:
▪ No Color: All channels are displayed without a pseudo color
▪ Gray: All channels are displayed in monochrome (this applies in particular to multichannel
images that have been acquired using color cameras)
▪ BGR: Channel 1: blue, channel 2: green, channel 3: red, no color assigned to any other
channels
▪ GRB: Channel 1: green, channel 2: red, channel 3: blue, no color assigned to any other
channels
▪ RGB: Channel 1: red, channel 2: green, channel 3: blue, no color assigned to any other
channels
▪ From LUT: Colors for all channels are selected using a reference look-up table. The LUT is
divided up into as many sections as there are channels, with the channel color being used
at the separation point. You can select the reference LUT using the Reference LUT... button
▪ User-defined: The colors defined by the user are restored
▪ Dye: The color of the dye used during the experiment is restored
7.15.1.5 Reuse button
Only visible if you have loaded an image in *.CZI image format. This is the only image format
that is compatible with the Reuse function.
Reproduces the acquisition conditions for the image.
The function only works correctly if the system configuration at the time of acquisition is identical
to the system configuration at the time when you execute the function.
Removing components (e.g. filter cubes, LEDs, cameras, etc.) can result in an experiment be‐
ing created incorrectly. It is therefore essential that you check after executing the Reuse func‐
tion whether the configuration of the experiment is in line with your expectations.
Information
Clicking on the Reuse button overwrites the current experiment without a prompt and marks it
as having been modified. This can be seen from the appearance of an asterisk after the file
name. If you want to keep the experiment in its previous form, you must save the modified ex‐
periment with a new file name under Experiment Manager | Options | Save As.
If you acquire images and save them in *.CZI image format, the following acquisition conditions
are saved together with the image:
▪ Information on the type and status of your imaging system
▪ Time of acquisition
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▪ Parameters set in the software.
7.15.2 Display tab
On the Display tab you can adjust your image display to your screen. This function is particular‐
ly important if you want to display images with a very high dynamic range on the screen.
Channel Selection
Here you can determine the channel of a multichannel image for which you want to adjust the
display on the screen. To select all channels, click on the All button.To select a certain channel,
click on the corresponding color field. Hovering the mouse pointer over a color field displays the
relevant channel name.
If the image consists of more than 29 channels, a scrollbar will be displayed which you can use
to switch to the desired channel.
Please note: In the case of images containing only one channel the selection fields are hidden.
Spline Mode button
Clicking on this button allows you to add up to 8 points to the display characteristic curve. You
can then bend the curve around these points. To do this, click on the desired section of the dis‐
play curve and move it as required. Clicking on the display curve again adds another point. You
can delete points by moving them along the display curve until they lie on top of another point.
In this way, even in difficult situations you can adjust the display curve so that all important im‐
age regions can be displayed well.
Auto checkbox
The image display is adjusted automatically for each image. This is particularly useful in the
case of a live image, in Continuous mode or if you play back a time lapse image that contains
changing brightnesses. Certain settings are no longer available in this mode.
Min/Max button
Adjusts the display characteristic curve so that the darkest pixel is black and the brightest pixel
is white in the display.
BestFit button
Adjusts the display characteristic curve so that 0.1% of the darkest pixels contained in the im‐
age are black and 0.1% of the brightest pixels are white in the display.
Spin boxes/input fields
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
In the two spin boxes/input fields to the right of the BestFit button you can adjust the black/white
values from 0.1% to values from 0 to 90% according to your requirements.
Select Dimension dropdown list
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
If your images contain time series, Z-stacks or both, here you can select the aspect of an image
for which the display settings should be applied. The following options are available:
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Current Adjusts the display for the current image and keeps this setting for all other time points or Zplanes.
All T Collects the intensity values from all time points and adjusts the display according to the bright‐
est and darkest pixels within the entire time series.
All Z Collects the intensity values from all Z-planes and adjusts the display according to the brightest
and darkest pixels within the entire Z-stack.
All T+Z Collects the intensity values from all Z-planes and time points and adjusts the display according
to the brightest and darkest pixels within the entire Z+T series.
Please note: With all settings other than Current there may be several seconds of calculation
time until the setting is applied, depending on the number of time points/Z-planes.
button
Here you can copy display settings to the clipboard, insert them into other images from there or
save and reload settings. This allows you to apply identical display settings to several images in
order to produce comparable display conditions.
Reset button
Restores the default settings.
7.15.2.1 Display Histogram section
The display histogram shows the brightness distribution of the pixels that are present from all
channels simultaneously. The Y axis represents the relative frequency and the X axis indicates
the brightness. A curve showing the corresponding distribution, the so-called display character‐
istic curve, is displayed for each channel.
If you want to adjust an individual channel, activate this via the relevant color field under Chan‐
nel Selection. Alternatively you can also click on the corresponding distribution curve directly in
the histogram.
Display char‐ Each channel has a display characteristic curve. Using the display characteristic curve you can
acteristic set the limit for the black value (left) and the limit for the white value (right). This allows you to
curve influence the contrast in the image. Move the mouse pointer over the corresponding adjustment
handles at the bottom edge of the display histogram or to the small rectangles on the display
characteristic curve. Hold down the left mouse button and move the adjustment handles or rec‐
tangles as required.
The curvature of the display characteristic curve influences the gamma value. To change the
curvature, move the mouse pointer to the second or fourth small rectangle on the display char‐
acteristic curve. Hold down the left mouse button and move the rectangles up or down. The set‐
ting is used immediately for the display. Using the middle rectangle you can move the whole
display curve. This changes the brightness of the image.
The following functions are only visible if the Show All mode is activated:
Black spin box/input field
Displays the gray value currently set up to which all pixels are shown as black. You can also
enter the value that you want directly here.
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Gamma spin box/input field
Displays the gamma value currently set. You can also enter the value that you want here.
0.45 button
Sets a gamma value of 0.45. This is the recommended setting for most color images.
1.0 button
Sets a linear display characteristic curve with a gamma value of 1.0.
White spin box/input field
Displays the gray value currently set from which all pixels are shown as white. You can also en‐
ter the value that you want directly here.
7.15.3 Player tab
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Using the functions on this tab you can play back multidimensional images. The functions large‐
ly correspond to the functions for playing back films.
Player buttons
The following control elements are available:
Plays back the image series forwards. The dimensions are played back one after the other in
the sequence specified.
Stops the play-back of the image series.
Plays back the image series backwards.
Plays back the image series forwards and backwards alternately.
Jumps to the start of the image series.
Jumps to the end of the image series.
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Speed slider
Here you can enter the speed at which an image series is played back. The set speed is dis‐
played in images/second in the spin box/input field. You can also enter the desired speed direct‐
ly in the spin box/input field. The maximum play-back speed is 25 images/second.
Follow Acquisition checkbox
Activated: Always displays the last acquired image during an ongoing acquisition procedure, as
well as the slider for the corresponding dimension.
Dimensions slider
A slider is displayed here for each of the dimensions available in a multidimensional image. The
following sliders are possible:
▪ Z-Position
▪ Time
▪ Scene
▪ Block
Dimensions are only shown if they are also available in the image. If there are several dimen‐
sions, you can determine by means of the associated checkboxes whether you want these to be
taken into account during the play-back or whether the current position should be retained.
Each slider offers as many steps as there are individual positions in the specified dimension.
The sliders each have two adjustment handles, which can be used to define the start and end
point. The image series is played back within these points. You can define here which range
you want to play back from a longer time series. When you move the adjustment handle, the
corresponding image is also displayed.
A third adjustment handle indicates the current position and cannot be controlled directly.
7.15.4 Graphics tab
On the Graphics tab you can select various tools and use these to draw graphic elements into
your images. You can also obtain an overview here of the graphic elements that you are using
in your image.
See also
2 Modify Tools dialog window [➙ p.188]
7.15.4.1 Tool Bar section
A selection of standard tools which you work with on a regular basis are available to you here.
You can adapt this tool bar to your requirements. Other tools can be found in the Graphics
menu | Tool Group.
Selection
Use this to select the graphic elements in the image area. If you are currently in another mode,
you can switch back to the Selection mode using this button.
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Stamp
Use this to create an identical copy of the last graphic element drawn in. To exit this mode, ei‐
ther switch back to the Selection mode or press the ESC key.
Selection Region
Use this to draw a rectangular selection region into the image.
Text
Use this to enter text into the image.
Scale Bar
Inserts a scale bar into the bottom right corner of the image.
Arrow
Use this to draw in an arrow.
Rectangle
Use this to draw in a rectangle that is always parallel to the edges of the image.
Circle
Use this to draw in a circle.
Contour (Spline)
Use this to draw in a freely selectable contour. Close this contour by right-clicking. Corners are
always rounded with this tool.
Keep checkbox
Activated: Keeps the current tool active. This allows you to draw in a number of the same
graphic elements one after the other.
Color checkbox
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Activated: Uses a new color for each graphic element drawn in.
Pixel-Precise checkbox
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Activated: Draws in the graphic elements with pixel precision. If this option is not active, the
graphic elements are drawn into the graphics plane independently of the actual pixel resolution.
Modify button
Opens the Modify Tools [➙ p.188] dialog window.
7.15.4.2 Planes section
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Here you can specify which planes are active and visible in the image. To open the shortcut
menu, click on the Planes button.
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Active Plane menu item
Here you can specify which graphics plane is active in the image. The other planes are visible
but blocked.
Automatic Activated: Sets the active plane automatically. This is the default setting.
Selection Activated: Sets the Selection plane as the active plane. This plane contains graphic elements
such as Selection Area, Grid, etc.
Annotation/ Activated: Sets the Annotation/Measurement plane as the active plane. This plane contains
Measurement graphic elements such as Annotations, Measurement Tools, etc.
Show/Hide Plane menu item
Here you can specify which plane is visible in the image. The other planes are not visible.
Selection Activated: Displays the Selection plane in the image.
Annotation/ Activated: Displays the Annotation/Measurement plane in the image.
Measurement
7.15.4.3 Graphic Elements list
Here you will see the graphic elements that you are using in your image. You can also control
the behavior of the graphic elements here, e.g. block or hide them. You can format each graphic
element as you wish.
To format graphic elements, double-click on the list entry for the graphic element in question or
call up the corresponding shortcut menu directly at the graphic element in the image. Select the
Format entry. The Format Graphic Element [➙ p.189] dialog window opens. There you can for‐
mat the graphic element in question according to your requirements.
Information
In the list you will only see the graphic elements relating to the active graphics plane. To
change the active graphics plane, click on the Planes button. This button is only visible in
Show All mode. Select the graphics plane that you want to display via the Active Plane short‐
cut menu.
The columns of the list contain the following entries:
Eye icon Shows or hides a graphic element.
Lock Locks a graphic element to prevent changes being made.
Type Displays the icon for the tool type. To format a graphic element, double-click on the icon. The
Format Graphic Elements dialog then opens.
ID Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Displays the ID for the graphic element. To do this, activate the checkbox at the corresponding
list entry.
A Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Displays annotations for a graphic element. To do this, activate the checkbox at the correspond‐
ing list entry.
M Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Displays measurement data for a graphic element. To do this, activate the checkbox at the cor‐
responding list entry.
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Name Displays the name of the graphic element. To change the name, double-click in the Name field.
Then enter the text of your choice.
Information
If you want to change a setting for all the graphic elements in the list, click in the title bar of the
relevant column.
Diskette button
Saves the selected graphic element.
Folder button
Loads an existing graphic element.
Delete button
Deletes the selected graphic element.
7.15.4.4 Dimensions section
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
The coordinates and dimensions of the selected graphic element (standard unit = pixels) are
displayed in the spin boxes/input fields:
X spin box/input field
Displays the X coordinate of the center point of a graphic element.
Y spin box/input field
Displays the Y coordinate of the center point of a graphic element.
W spin box/input field
Displays the width of a graphic element.
H spin box/input field
Displays the height of a graphic element.
Angle
Displays the rotation angle of a graphic element. In the case of the Angle graphic element the
measured angle is displayed here.
Unit checkbox
Activated: The unit of the coordinates changes to µm.
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7.15.4.5 Graphics dialog window
Modify Tools dialog window
Here you can select up to 7 tools or frequently used annotations that you want to appear in the
tool bar. You can therefore add the tools that you use frequently.
User Tool Bar list
The tools or annotations that you select from the Tools list or the Frequently Used Annotations
list appear here. These tools or annotations will then also appear below the tool bar on the
Graphics tab.
Search input field
Here you can search for certain tools or annotations. Enter the name or initial letters of the tool
or annotation that you are looking for. The search results will appear in the Tools list or the An‐
notations list.
Tools list
Here you can select the tools that you use frequently and want to add to the tool bar.
Frequently Used Annotations list
Here you can select the annotations that you use frequently and want to add to the tool bar.
Last Used
This list contains the tools that you have added to the tool bar. Only the first seven tools appear
in the tool bar. You can change the order of the tools using the arrow buttons at the bottom of
the list. To delete a selected tool, click on the Wastepaper Bin button.
Search
To find a certain tool, enter a search text into the input field. Only those tools that contain this
text are then displayed in the Tools list.
Tools
This list contains all the tools that are available in ZEN. Use the scroll bar if the tool you want is
not displayed, or use the text search.
Information
To ensure that you see all tools, the text search must be empty.
To add a tool to the Last Used list, click on the
button. If you want to reset the default
formatting of a tool back to its original setting, click on the Reset Selected button. You can also
reset the formats of all tools using the Restore All button.
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Frequently Used Annotations
Here you can make a selection from 6 preconfigured, frequently used annotations. If you want
to reset the default formatting of the frequently used annotations back to the original setting,
click on the Reset Annotations button.
Planes
Graphic elements are organized in planes. Depending on the plane type, graphic elements may
have different properties. The following plane types are possible:
▪ Annotation/Measurement: most graphic elements belong to this plane type.
▪ Selection: special planes that contain only selection regions and other short-term selection
elements. Changes to the selection plane are not saved when the image is closed.
▪ Acquisition/Bleaching: graphic elements in this plane were used during acquisition, e.g. in
bleaching experiments. These graphic elements cannot be changed.
In the Planes dropdown list, under Active Plane, you can select which plane is active in the im‐
age. Other planes are accordingly displayed as inactive. The Automatic command ensures that
planes are activated automatically as soon as a corresponding graphic element is selected. This
is the default setting.
Using the Show/Hide Planes setting, you can specify which planes you want to be displayed. If
you deselect a plane, the corresponding graphic elements are not displayed.
Format Graphic Element dialog window
Here you can format the relevant graphic element. You can adjust the line thickness, text or
opacity.
Zoom with the Image checkbox
Activated: Relates the line thickness and font size to the pixels in the image.
Line section
Color field
Here you can change the line color. To change the line color, click on the color field. The Color
Selection [➙ p.193] dialog window opens.
Line Thickness
Here you can change the line thickness. Enter the desired value for the line thickness (in pixels)
in the spin box/input field to the right of the color field.
Line Style dropdown list
Here you can change the style of the line.
None The line is not displayed.
Continuous The line is an unbroken line.
Dashed The line is made up of dashes.
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Dotted The line is made up of dots.
Line Start/Line End dropdown list
Here you can change the style of the start/end of the line. The following styles are available:
▪ Flat
▪ Small bar
▪ Large bar
▪ Open arrow
▪ Closed arrow
Text section
Font button
Opens the Font Selection dialog window. Here you can change the font, font size, font color and
character style used for text.
To change the font, click on the Font dropdown list. Select the desired font from the list.
To change the font size, enter the desired font size (in points) using the slider or spin box/input
field.
To change the font color, click on the color field to the right of the Font dropdown list. The Color
Selection [➙ p.193] dialog window opens.
To change the character style, click on the corresponding buttons. The following character
styles are available:
▪ Bold
▪ Italic
▪ Underline
▪ Strikethrough
▪ Normal
▪ Uppercase
▪ Small Caps
Align Horizontally dropdown list
Here you can select the horizontal alignment of the text (Left, Center, Right).
Align Vertically dropdown list
Here you can select the vertical alignment of the text (Top, Center, Bottom).
Fill section
Here you can change the way in which closed graphic elements (including text) are filled.
Color field
Here you can change the fill color. To change the fill color, click on the color field. The Color
Selection [➙ p.193] dialog window opens.
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Fill Style dropdown list
Here you can change the fill style.
Opacity section
Opacity slider
Enter the fill opacity using the slider or spin box/input field (values range from 0-100%).
Annotations section
Annotations dropdown list
Here you can select annotations that you want to assign to the graphic element. Annotations
are meta data such as the acquisition time or acquisition duration. For certain annotations you
can select additional settings, e.g. the unit of time, from the dropdown list to the right of the
Annotations dropdown list.
The most frequently used annotations are available here by default.
Adding additional annotations
1. Click on the last entry in the list (...).
⇨ The Select Meta Data dialog window opens.
2. Select an annotation that you want to add to the list from the Available Meta Data list.
3. Click on the Apply button.
⇨ The entry is adopted into the Annotations dropdown list.
Format Grid dialog window
Here you can define how you want the grid to be displayed in the graphics plane.
Mode radio button
Here you can select whether you want the grid to be anchored at the center or top left of the
image.
button
Loads a saved grid setting.
button
Saves the current grid setting.
Horizontal Lines checkbox
Activated: Displays horizontal lines in the grid.
Vertical Lines checkbox
Activated: Displays vertical lines in the grid.
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Circles checkbox
Activated: Displays concentric circles in the grid.
Cross checkbox
Activated: Displays a cross in the grid.
Unit dropdown list
Here you can select the unit in which the distances of the lines and circles are indicated.
Synchronize checkbox
Activated: Automatically keeps the distances for horizontal and vertical lines the same.
Width slider
Enter the desired width for the grid distance using the slider or spin box/input field.
Height slider
Enter the desired height for the grid distance using the slider or spin box/input field.
Columns slider
Enter the desired number of grid columns using the slider or spin box/input field.
Rows slider
Enter the desired number of grid rows using the slider or spin box/input field.
Circles slider
Enter the desired number of circles using the slider or spin box/input field.
Grid, Cross, Circle Color Selection
Opens the Color Selection dialog window [➙ p.193].
Line Thickness input field
Enter the line thickness for Grid, Cross or Circle using the spin box/input field.
Line Style dropdown list
Here you can select the style of the line for Grid, Cross or Circle. You can select from the follow‐
ing line styles:
▪ None
▪ Continuous
▪ Dashed
▪ Dotted
Set As Default button
Sets the current settings for the grid as the default settings.
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Reset button
Resets the default settings to their status on delivery.
Color Selection dialog window
Color Selection dialog window
Here you can select the desired color for the graphic element. In the bottom section of the dia‐
log window you will see 2 buttons that offer you different methods for selecting colors. The se‐
lected button is highlighted in blue. To change the method, click on the corresponding button.
Color button
Here you can select the desired color from 18 standard colors. The selected color is displayed
in a color field above the Color button.
Custom button
Here you can define up to 16 RGB colors of your choice.
7.16 Tiles Advanced Setup View
Here you can configure advanced settings for the acquisition of mosaic images. In the image
area you can see the stage view [➙ p.193]. Additional settings and tools relating to tile regions
or positions can be found under specific control elements [➙ p.194].
See also
2 General view controls [➙ p.176]
7.16.1 Stage View
The image area shows the full travel range of the microscope stage, along with the current
stage position, the graphical display of sample carriers and your acquired mosaic images. You
can control the stage view using the arrow icons at the edges of the image area. The view can
be enlarged, reduced or moved using the general control elements.
Navigator frame
The current stage position is shown as a tile outlined in blue, the Navigator frame. To move the
frame, double-click on the position to which you want to move it.
The Navigator frame can also be used to control acquisition. If you click on one of the frame's
blue arrow icons, an image is acquired. The Navigator frame is moved one frame width in the
relevant direction. You can create mosaic images of your sample easily in this way.
Positions
Positions are represented in the stage view by a plus symbol.
Tiles
Tiles are represented in the stage view by a red grid.
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7.16.2 Tools window
Here you can obtain an overview of the position of your sample as well as of your mosaic defini‐
tions, positions and position arrays.
Center at Stage Position button
Centers the view at the current stage position.
Preview Scan
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
Delete Existing Preview Images checkbox
Activated: Deletes all existing preview images when the next preview is acquired.
Objective dropdown list
Here you can select an objective. To acquire an overview of all active mosaic images and posi‐
tions, switch to an objective with a low magnification. Set the channel exposure time and start
the acquisition of the overview image.
Start Preview Scan button
Starts the preview scan to acquire the overview images.
7.16.3 View specific controls
7.16.3.1 Carrier tab
Here you can see a graphical preview of the sample carrier being used. Please note the follow‐
ing features of the display:
▪ sample carriers that are filled with tile regions only are displayed in orange.
▪ sample carriers that are filled with positions only are displayed in yellow.
▪ sample carriers that are filled with tile regions and positions are displayed in a mixture of
orange and yellow.
7.16.3.2 Tile Region Setup tab
Here you can select which setup you want to be used for the settings of the tile regions. Three
setups with different setting options are available:
Contour Setup
Here you can define the tile regions by means of the contour.
Contour section
The following tools are available:
Selection Use this to select an element in the stage view.
Rectangle Use this to draw in a rectangular tile region.
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Ellipse Use this to draw in an elliptical tile region.
Polygon Use this to draw in a polygonal tile region.
Keep Tool checkbox
Activated: Keeps the selected tool active.
Anchor section
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Anchor Top The anchor of the defined shape is at the top left.
Left
Anchor Cen‐ The anchor of the defined shape is centered.
tered
Anchor Bot‐ The anchor of the defined shape is at the bottom right.
tom Right
Predefined Setup
Here you can define the tile regions by means of the number or size.
Tools section
Selection Use this to select an element in the stage view.
Add Tile Re‐ Adds the current tile definition in the image area.
gion
Keep Tool checkbox
Activated: Keeps the selected tool active.
Contour section
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Defines the outline of the tile region that you are adding. To add a rectangular tile region, click
on the Rectangle button. To add a circular tile region, click on the Circle button.
Tiles button
Selects the number of tile regions as a reference for the size of the tile region. Enter the number
of tile regions in the X/Y spin boxes/input fields. If you are adding a circular tile region, enter the
number of tile regions in the Diameter spin box/input field.
Size button
Selects the size as a reference for the size of the tile region. Enter the size of the tiles in the X/Y
spin boxes/input fields. If you are adding a circular tile region, enter the diameter of the tile re‐
gions in the Diameter spin box/input field.
button
Adds the tile region to the Tile Regions list and activates it for acquisition.
Anchor section
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
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Tiles Advanced Setup View
Manual
Anchor Top The anchor of the defined shape is at the top left.
Left
Anchor Cen‐ The anchor of the defined shape is centered.
tered
Anchor Bot‐ The anchor of the defined shape is at the bottom right.
tom Right
Carrier Setup
Here you can define the tile regions automatically by means of the fill factor of the sample carri‐
er.
Create button
Only active if you have selected a container on the Carrier tab or in the stage view.
Automatically creates the tile regions with the set fill factor in the selected container of the sam‐
ple carrier.
Remove button
Removes all tile regions in the selected container.
Fill Factor spin box/input field
Here you can enter the fill factor used to fill the selected container.
7.16.3.3 Tile Region Properties tab
Here you can adjust the properties of the selected tile region. The settings are only active if you
have selected a tile region.
Use For Acquisition checkbox
Activated: Uses the selected tile region for acquisition.
Name input field
Here you can enter a name for the selected tile region.
The following functions are only visible if the Show All mode is activated:
Size spin boxes/input fields
Here you can enter the size of the tile region in the X/Y/Z dimension.
Tiles spin box/input field
Here you can enter the number of tiles in the X/Y dimension.
Anchor Position spin box/input field
Here you can enter the anchor position of the selected tile region.
Set Current Z button
Sets the Z dimension at the current Z position of the stage.
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Tiles Advanced Setup View
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Category dropdown list
Here you can select various categories of tile regions. You can create, edit, load or delete your
own categories here.
7.16.3.4 Position Setup tab
Here you can select which setup you want to be used for the settings of the positions. Three
setups with different setting options are available:
Location Setup
Here you can define the positions by means of the location. You can add various positions in
the stage view using the mouse.
Tools section
Selection Use this to select an element in the stage view.
Cross Hairs Use this to add positions in the stage view.
Keep Tool checkbox
Activated: Keeps the selected tool active.
X/Y Position display fields
Display the current stage position.
button
Adds a new position at the current stage position.
Array Setup
Here you can define the positions by means of position arrays. You can add various contours
for position arrays in the stage view.
Information
Position arrays are groups made up of a number of individual positions. Typically, position ar‐
rays contain several hundred individual positions. They make your work easier if you work with
regular or evenly distributed samples.
Array Contour section
The following tools are available:
Selection Use this to select an element in the stage view.
Rectangle Use this to draw in a rectangular position array.
Ellipse Use this to draw in an elliptical position array.
Keep Tool checkbox
Activated: Keeps the selected tool active.
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Image views
Tiles Advanced Setup View
Manual
Distribution Bias section
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Enter the distribution of the positions within the position array using the slider.
Random checkbox
Activated: Distributes the positions randomly within the position array.
Distribute By section
Number but‐ Enter the number of positions within a position array in the spin box/input field under the Num‐
ton ber button.
Percent but‐ Enter the percentage share of positions within a position array in the spin box/input field under
ton the Percent button.
Carrier Setup
Here you can define the positions automatically by means of the relevant sample carrier. To do
this, select a sample carrier via the shortcut menu or on the Carrier tab.
Create button
Only active if you have selected a container on the Carrier tab or in the stage view.
Automatically creates the positions in the selected container of the sample carrier. Enter the dis‐
tribution and number of positions in the Distribution Bias and Distribute By sections.
Remove button
Removes all positions in the selected container.
Distribution Bias section
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Enter the distribution of the positions within the container using the slider.
Random checkbox
Activated: Distributes the positions randomly within the container.
Distribute By section
Number but‐ Enter the number of positions within a container in the spin box/input field under the Number
ton button.
Percent but‐ Enter the percentage share of positions within a container in the spin box/input field under the
ton Percent button.
7.16.3.5 Position Properties tab
Here you can adjust the properties of the selected positions. The settings are only active if you
have selected a position.
Use For Acquisition checkbox
Activated: Uses the selected position for acquisition.
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Deactivated: Deletes the selected position from the experiment
Name input field
Here you can enter a name for the selected position.
The following functions are only visible if the Show All mode is activated:
X/Y/Z spin boxes/input fields
Here you can enter the position of the selected position in the X/Y/Z dimension.
Set Current Z button
Sets the Z dimension at the current Z position of the stage.
Category dropdown list
Here you can select various categories of positions. You can create, edit, load or delete your
own categories here.
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View mode
Full Screen mode
Manual
8 View mode
8.1 Full Screen mode
In this mode the image will be displayed in the full monitor size.
To start the full screen mode, position the cursor on the image area and open the context menu
via right mouse click. Click on Full Screen. You can also press F11 or click on menu Window |
Full screen as an alternative.
Toolbar
In the toolbar at the bottom you find several buttons for general and image specific functions,
like zoom function (Zoom button) or image informations (Info button). When you open a multidi‐
mensional image, you find buttons for specific functions, etc. Z-Stack, Channels. To open the
functions, click on the button.
Previous button
Displays the previous document in full screen mode. You can page step by step backwards
through all open documents.
Next button
Displays the next document in full screen mode. You can page step by step forwards through all
open documents.
Exit Fullscr. button
Closes the full screen mode.
8.2 Exposé mode
In this mode all open documents will be display in an overview.
When you click on an image in the overview the Exposé mode will be closed and the image will
be displayed in standard view.
Back button
Jumps back to the standard image view.
Close button
Closes the den Exposé mode.
8.3 Splitter mode
In this mode you can generate a multi image of one or several images in order to compare
them. Drag an image of the Images and Documents gallery in Right Tool Area and drop it in a
splitter position. The standard setting for the splitter are 2 columns and 1 row. You can modify
these setting in the Split-View.
Proceed similarly with further images to be displayed in the multi image. The same image can
be dropped several times in the splitter view, i.e. to compare different image scenes.
The multi image can be saved as CZSPL (Zeiss Multi Image Files) image type in the menu File |
Save As. The stored multi image is no image document, but rather a reference of the images
displayed in the splitter mode.
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View mode
Splitter mode
Manual
Use the Split Display tab for further adjustments (i.e. arrangement) of the splitter mode. Here
you can create a single image of the multi image to be saved as CZI image type.
8.3.1 Split Display tab
Arrangement section
Columns Spinbox-Inputfield
Use this to adjust the number of columns displayed in splitter mode.
Rows Spinbox-Inputfield
Use this to adjust the number of rows displayed in splitter mode.
Synchronize Dimensions checkbox
Activated: The settings of the Dimensions tab (i.e. Zoom) will be applied synchronously to all
images in splitter mode.
Synchronize Display checkbox
Activated: The settings of the Display tab (i.e. Gamma) will be applied synchronously to all im‐
ages in splitter mode.
Show Position Data checkbox
Activated: The cursor changes to an arrow symbol and a cross marker in the image. The X/
Ycoordinates with scaling unit and gray value of the current cursor position are displayed below
the image.
Furthermore additional information is displayed for multidimensional images: i.e. the gray value
for each channel of a multichannel image, the time of each time point of a time lapse image, the
focus position of each Z position of a Z-Stack.
New Image From dropdown list
Select the type of splitter image to be generated.
Selection
Description
Current View
A 2-dimensional splitter image of the current
display will be generated by the Create button.
Time Series
A time series of all time lapse images in the
splitter will be generated by the Create button.
Z-Stack
A Z-stack of all Z-stack images in the splitter
will be generated by the Create button.
Create button
Generates an single image of the multi image displayed in splitter mode with the corresponding
settings. The image can be saved in the CZI format in File | Save as menu.
Interpolation for zoomed images dropdown list
Here you can select how you want interpolation to be performed if a pixel is calculated from sev‐
eral individual pixels.
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View mode
Splitter mode
Manual
Selection
Description
Nearest Neighbor
The output pixel is given the gray value of the
input pixel that is closest to it.
Linear
The output pixel is given the gray value result‐
ing from the linear combination of the input
pixels closest to it.
Cubic
The output pixel is given the gray value result‐
ing from a polynomial function of the input pix‐
els closest to it.
Spacing Spinbox/ Inputfield
Here you can adapt the distance between the single images to values 0 up to 20. The distance
will be displayed in black color and appears, if the splitter image is generated by the Create but‐
ton.
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Reporting views
Report preview
Manual
9 Reporting views
9.1 Report preview
Here you will see a preview of your report. You can select other templates here or insert images
or tables into the report using drag & drop. To insert images or tables, the report template must
contain corresponding placeholders to accommodate them.
Information
To display several images in one image placeholder, select the desired images in the list of
open images and documents (right tool area). Hold down the Ctrl or Shift key and the left
mouse button and drag the images over the placeholder with the mouse. As soon as you re‐
lease the left mouse button, the images will appear in the placeholder.
It is not possible to display several tables in a single table placeholder.
Finalize button
Creates the report and closes the report preview.
Discard button
Closes the report preview.
Navigation area
The Navigation area to the left of the preview window displays all pages of the report as thumb‐
nails. This allows you to move easily between the pages.
button
Displays the next page.
button
Displays the previous page.
Information
You can make changes to the report while the report preview is open. Once the report has
been created this is no longer possible.
See also
2 Report tool [➙ p.126]
9.2 Report view
The report that has been created is displayed here.
Navigation area
The Navigation area displays all pages of the report as thumbnails. This allows you to move
easily between the pages.
button
Displays the previous page.
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Report view
Manual
button
Displays the next page.
Information
You can no longer make changes to the report in the report view. This is only possible in the
report preview.
See also
2 Report tool [➙ p.126]
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File Browser
Tools tab
Manual
10 File Browser
Here you see an overview of all image or data files stored on your computer. In the left column
you see a file structure which is associated with the common image or data containing folders in
your file system (Images and documents). In the right area you see the preview to the selected
folder.
Information
The ZEN folders contain automatically the Auto Save folder. Here you see all auto-saved im‐
ages from ZEN. Set Auto Save path in Tools | Options | Saving.
Gallery View
Here you see all files of a folder as small preview images (thumbnails). Use Tool tab to adjust
preview images size, sorting, etc..
Info View
Here you see a detailed list with all data the selected image contains. Find a detailed descrip‐
tion of all possible data under Info View [➙ p.143].
Table View
Here you see all files of a folder well-arranged in a table. This view is perfect for folders which
contain many files.
10.1 Tools tab
Icon size
Set size of thumbnail images here.
Text Rows
Select entries which you want to have displayed as additional text row under the thumbnail im‐
age.
Record
Switch from file to file in the selected folder by using the slider.
Sorting
Arrange your files to certain properties (i.e. file name, type, etc.)
Folders
Manage selected file folders here (i.e. new folder, rename folder, etc.).
Selection
Manage selected files here (i.e. copy file, or delete file).
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Deconvolution group
Manual
11 Image processing functions
11.1 Deconvolution group
11.1.1 Deconvolution (defaults)
This method allows you to use 4 different algorithms for deconvolution.
Parameters
Simple, very fast (Nearest Neighbor) button
Executes the fast Nearest Neighbor method using default parameters. To use it, click on this
button and then on Apply.
Better, fast (Regularized Inverse Filter) button
Executes the Regularized Inverse Filter algorithm for image enhancement. To use it, click on
this button and then on Apply.
Good, medium speed (Fast Iterative) button
Executes the Fast Iterative restoration method. To use it, click on this button and then on Apply.
Excellent, slow (Constrained Iterative) button
Executes the Constrained Iterative quantitative restoration method. To use it, click on this button
and then on Apply.
11.1.2 Deconvolution (adjustable)
This method allows you to use and individually configure 4 different algorithms for deconvolu‐
tion.
See also
2 Deconvolution (adjustable) parameters [➙ p.206]
11.1.3 Deconvolution (adjustable) parameters
Two tabs are available for detailed configuration:
On the Deconvolution tab you can select the desired algorithm and define the precise settings
for it.
On the PSF Settings tab you can see and change all key parameters for generating a theoreti‐
cally calculated Point Spread Function ("PSF").
11.1.3.1 Deconvolution tab
Algorithm dropdown list
Here you can select the algorithm that you want to use. The following algorithms are available:
▪ Nearest Neighbor
▪ Regularized Inverse Filter
▪ Fast Iterative
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▪ Constrained Iterative
Information
Expert knowledge is required for some of the settings. If you are in doubt, leave the settings
unchanged.
Channel-Specific Settings checkbox
Activated: Applies the settings on a channel-specific basis. This allows you to set parameters in
a targeted way for each channel. You will see a separate, colored tab for each of the channels.
Deactivated: Applies the settings to all channels of a multichannel image.
Normalization section
Normalization dropdown list
Here you can specify how the data of the resulting image are handled:
Clip Sets negative values to 0 (black).
If the values exceed the maximum possible gray value of 65636 when the calculation is per‐
formed, they are limited to 65636 (pixel is 100% white).
Automatic Normalizes the output image automatically.
In this case the lowest value is 0 and the highest value is the maximum possible gray value in
the image (gray value of 65636). The maximum available gray value range is always utilized
fully in the resulting image.
Adjust Strength section
Adjust Strength checkbox
If you have selected the Nearest Neighbor algorithm, the checkbox is always activated.
Information
If you have selected the Fast Iterative algorithm, the checkbox is also always activated. Using
the slider you can then enter the number of iterations used directly, as, in contrast to the other
methods, no regularization is performed.
Activated: Enter the degree of restoration using the slider.
To achieve strong contrast enhancement, move the slider towards Strong.
To achieve less contrast enhancement, move the slider towards Weak.
If the setting is too strong, image noise may be intensified and other artifacts, such as "ringing",
may appear.
Deactivated: Determines the restoration strength for optimum image quality automatically.
The restoration strength is inversely proportional to the strength of so-called regularization. This
is determined automatically with the help of Generalized Cross Validation (GCV).
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Deconvolution group
Manual
Z-Stack Correction section
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
Lamp Flicker checkbox
Activated: Analyzes the total brightness of each Z-plane. In the event of non-constant deviations
in the total brightness between neighboring planes, a compensation factor is taken into account.
Activate this function if you have acquired your images using an old fluorescent lamp that exhib‐
its strong fluctuations in brightness.
Bleaching Correction checkbox
Activated: Corrects bleaching of the sample during acquisition of the Z-stack.
This function should only be activated for widefield images. Use it if your sample undergoes
strong bleaching during acquisition.
Background Correction checkbox
Activated: Analyzes the background component in the image and removes it before the DCV
calculation.
This can prevent background noise being intensified during DCV.
Advanced Settings section
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
This section is only visible if you have selected the Inverse Filter, Iterative (Fast) or Iterative
algorithm.
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
Depending on which algorithm you have selected, different advanced setting options are availa‐
ble. The relevant settings are described in the following sections for each algorithm:
Advanced settings for Inverse Filter algorithm
Regularization
Here you can select which frequencies in the image are taken into account during regulariza‐
tion:
Zero Order Regularization based on G-difference, modeled on Tikhonov, but accelerated.
First Order Regularization based on Good's roughness. Under certain circumstances, more details are ex‐
tracted from noisy data. May be better suited to the processing of confocal data sets.
Advanced settings for Fast Iterative algorithm
Likelihood
Here you can decide which likelihood calculation you want to work with:
Poisson (Mei‐ The calculation according to Meinel works with one fold per iteration and converges significantly
nel) faster, normally in 4-5 iterations. This method can also produce artifacts, however.
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Poisson (Ri‐ The calculation according to Richardson-Lucy, on the other hand, normally requires hundreds of
chardson-Lu‐ iterations and therefore takes considerably longer. This method is, however, somewhat more ro‐
cy) bust.
Regularization
For the Poisson (Meinel) calculation it is also possible to perform zero order (G-difference) regu‐
larization here as an option. This means, however, that the calculation will take considerably
longer and the main advantage of the greater speed of Meinel is lost.
Optimization
Numerical If you select this option, an attempt is made to determine the trend of the iterations in advance
Gradient and extrapolate this to the entire calculation. This can significantly speed up the calculation.
First Estimate
Input Image The input image is used for the first estimate of the target structure (default).
Last Output The result of the last calculation is used to estimate the next calculation. This can speed up a
Image calculation that is repeated using slightly different parameters.
Average of No estimate is made. This is the most rigid application of deconvolution, but can take a long
Input Image time.
Maximum Number of Iterations
Here you can indicate the maximum permitted number of iterations that you want. In the case of
Richardson-Lucy, you should allow significantly more iterations here.
Quality Threshold
Defines the quality level at which you want the calculation to be stopped. The percentage de‐
scribes the difference in enhancement between the last and next-to-last iteration compared with
the greatest difference since the start of the calculation. 1% is the default value. Lowering this
can bring about small improvements in quality.
Advanced settings for Iterative algorithm
Likelihood
Here you can decide which likelihood calculation you want to work with:
▪ Calculation according to Poisson
▪ Calculation according to Gauss
Regularization
Here you can enter which frequencies in the image are taken into account during regularization:
Zero Order Regularization based on G-difference, modeled on Tikhonov, but accelerated;
First Order Regularization based on Good's roughness. Under certain circumstances, more details are ex‐
tracted from noisy data. This regularization can sometimes produce better results for the pro‐
cessing of confocal data sets;
Second Order Regularization according to Tikhonov-Miller. Here higher frequencies are penalized more than
in the case of Good's roughness.
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Optimization
Analytical Here an attempt is made to optimize the iterations analytically. This option is usually faster but
(Newton may also be somewhat less precise.
Raphson)
Line Search Searches rigorously and comprehensively for the minimum. It is therefore more robust, but the
calculation takes longer.
First Estimate
Input Image The input image is used for the first estimate of the target structure (default).
Last Output The result of the last calculation is used to estimate the next calculation. This can speed up a
Image calculation that is repeated using slightly different parameters.
Average of No estimate is made for the next iteration. This is the most rigid application of deconvolution,
Input Image but can take a long time.
Maximum Number of Iterations
Here you can indicate the maximum permitted number of iterations that you want.
Quality Threshold
Defines the quality level at which you want the calculation to be stopped. The percentage de‐
scribes the difference in enhancement between the last and next-to-last iteration compared with
the greatest difference since the start of the calculation. 1% is the default value. Lowering this
can bring about small improvements in quality.
Diagnosis section
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
This section is only visible if you have selected the Fast Iterative or Iterative algorithm.
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
The course of the calculation is displayed here in a graphical display. Various parameters are
shown and the aim of the calculation is to minimize these. This display allows you to observe
directly how the iterative method affects the available data.
11.1.3.2 PSF Settings tab
All key parameters for generating a theoretically calculated Point Spread Function ("PSF") are
displayed here.
Information
Ordinarily, images that have been acquired using ZEN (of the *.czi type) automatically contain
all microscope parameters, meaning that you do not have to configure any settings on this
page. Most parameters are therefore grayed out in the display. It is possible, however, that as
a result of an incorrect microscope configuration values may not be present or may be incor‐
rect. You can change these here. The correction of spherical aberration can also be set here.
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Microscope Parameters section
The most important microscope parameters for PSF generation that are not channel-specific
are displayed in this section.
Microscope dropdown list
Displays which type of microscope has been used. There are two options: conventional micro‐
scope (also known as a widefield microscope) and confocal microscope, for which the additional
pinhole diameter parameter applies.
NA Obj. input field
Displays the numerical aperture of the objective.
Immersion input field
Displays the refractive index of the immersion medium. Please note that this can never be
smaller than the numerical aperture of the objective. You can make a selection from typical im‐
mersion media in the dropdown list next to the input field.
Lateral Scaling input field
Displays the geometric scaling in the X/Y direction.
Axial Scaling input field
Displays the geometric scaling in the Z direction.
Change button
To change the input fields that are normally grayed out, click on the Change button. The input
fields and dropdown lists are now active.
The text on the button changes to Reset. To restore the original values saved in the image, click
on the Reset button.
Information
If you enter incorrect values, this can lead to incorrect calculations. If the values here are obvi‐
ously wrong or values are missing, check the configuration of your microscope system.
Advanced Settings section
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
Phase Ring dropdown list
If you have acquired a fluorescence image using a phase contrast objective, the phase ring
present in the objective is entered here. This setting has significant effects on the theoretical
Point Spread Function ("PSF").
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Deconvolution group
Manual
Origin dropdown list
There are two models for calculating the PSF:
Scalar Theory The wave vectors of the light are interpreted as electrical field = intensity and simply added.
This method is fast and is sufficient in most cases (default setting).
Vectorial The wave vectors are added geometrically. However, the calculation takes considerably longer.
Theory
Z-Stack text field
This field can only be changed if it was not possible to define this parameter during acquisition,
e.g. because the microscope type was unknown. It describes the direction in which the Z-stack
was acquired:
Downwards The Z-stack "grows" away from the front lens of the objective.
Upwards The Z-stack "grows" towards the objective. This setting only applies if you are working with a
correction of the spherical aberration.
Aberration Correction section
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Here you can select whether you want spherical aberration to be taken into account and correc‐
ted during the calculation of the PSF. As with the other PSF parameters, most values are ex‐
tracted automatically from the information about the microscope that is saved with the image
during acquisition. The input option is therefore inactive. To make changes manually, click on
the Change button.
Use Correction checkbox
Activated: Uses the correction function. All options are active and can be edited.
Embedding Medium dropdown list
Here you can select the embedding medium used from the list.
Refractive Index input field
Displays the refractive index of the selected embedding medium. Enter the appropriate refrac‐
tive index if you are using a different embedding medium.
Manufacturer
Displays the manufacturer, if known.
Distance to Cover Slip
Displays the distance of the acquired structure from the side of the cover slip facing the embed‐
ding medium. Half the height of the Z-stack is assumed as the initial value for the distance from
the cover slip. The value can be corrected if this distance is known. If possible, this distance
should be measured.
Cover Slip Thickness input field and dropdown list
Commercially available cover slips are divided into different groups depending on their thick‐
ness (0, 1, 1.5 and 2), which you can select from the dropdown list. Cover slips of the 1.5 type
have an average thickness of 170 µm. In some cases, however, the actual values can vary
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greatly depending on the manufacturer. For best results the use of cover slips with a guaran‐
teed thickness of 170 µm is recommended. Values that deviate from this can be entered directly
in the input field.
Cover Slip Index input field and dropdown list
Select the material that the cover slip is made of from the dropdown list. The corresponding re‐
fractive index is displayed in the input field next to it.
Working Distance input field
Displays the working distance of the objective (i.e. the distance between the front lens and the
side of the cover slip facing the objective). The working distance of the objective is determined
automatically from the objective information, provided that the objective was selected correctly
in the MTB 2004 Configuration program. You can, however, also enter the value manually.
Change/Reset button
Only active if the Use Correction checkbox is activated.
To reset the values, click on the Reset button.
Channel-Specific section
In this section you will find all settings that are channel-specific. This means that they may be
configured differently for each channel.
Illumination
Displays the excitation wavelength for the channel dye [in nm]. The maximum is assumed. The
color field corresponds to the wavelength (as far as possible).
Detection
Displays the maximum of the emission wavelength for the channel dye. The color field corre‐
sponds to the wavelength (as far as possible).
Lateral Sampling Rate
Depends on the geometric pixel scaling in the X/Y direction and displays the extent of the over‐
sampling according to the Nyquist criterion. The value should be close to 2 or greater in order to
achieve good results during DCV. As, in the case of widefield microscopes, this value is gener‐
ally determined by the objective, the camera adapter used and the camera itself, it can only be
influenced by the use of an Optovar.
Axial Sampling Rate
Depends on the geometric pixel scaling in the Z direction and displays the extent of the over‐
sampling according to the Nyquist criterion. The value should be at least 2 or greater in order to
achieve good results during DCV. This value is determined by the increment of the focus drive
during acquisition of Z-stacks and can therefore be changed easily.
Pinhole input field
Only available if a confocal microscope has been entered under the microscope parameters.
Displays the size of the confocal pinhole in Airy units (AU).
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Deconvolution group
Manual
NA Cond. input field
Only visible if the microscope is a Conventional Microscope and Transmitted Light has been se‐
lected as the illumination type.
Displays the numerical aperture of the condenser with which transmitted-light acquisition was
performed.
Microscope Info section
Displays advanced microscope information that influences the form of the PSF in a channel-de‐
pendent way:
Illumination dropdown list
Here you can select the illumination method with which the data set has been acquired. In the
event that a Conventional Microscope has been entered under the microscope parameters, the
following options are available here: Epifluorescence, Multiphoton Excitation and Transmitted
Light. In the case of confocal microscopes, Epifluorescence is the only option.
Imaging
Displays whether the imaging was incoherent (Conventional Microscope) or coherent (Laser
Scanning Microscope).
Lateral Resolution
Displays the lateral resolution of the calculated PSF.
Axial Resolution
Displays the full width half maximum as a measure of the axial resolution of the PSF.
PSF View section
This tool shows you the PSF that is calculated for a channel based on the current settings. If
you select the Update Automatically checkbox, all changes made to the PSF parameters are
applied immediately to the PSF view. This makes it possible to check quickly whether the set‐
tings made meet your expectations.
11.2 Adjust group
11.2.1 Color Balance
This method allows you to adjust the weighting of the individual color channels of a true color
image.
Parameters
Adjust per Channel checkbox
Only visible if your input image is a multichannel image.
Activated: You can adjust the parameters for each channel individually.
Range to Adjust dropdown list
Here you can select the adjustment range for the color balance. There are 3 ranges available:
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Adjust group
Manual
Shadows The settings relate to tones in the dark color range.
Midtones The settings relate to tones in the mid color range.
Lights The settings relate to tones in the light color range.
Cyan/Red slider
Enter the desired balance between cyan and red tones using the Cyan/Red slider or spin box/
input field.
Yellow/Blue slider
Enter the desired balance between yellow and blue tones using the Yellow/Blue slider or spin
box/input field.
Magenta/Green slider
Enter the desired balance between magenta and green tones using the Magenta/Green slider
or spin box/input field.
Defaults button
Resets all settings to the default values.
11.2.2 Hue/Saturation/Brightness
This method allows you to adjust the hue, saturation and brightness of a true color image.
Parameters
Adjust per Channel checkbox
Only visible if your input image is a multichannel image.
Activated: You can adjust the parameters for each channel individually.
Hue slider
Enter the desired shift in the color tone using the Color Tone slider or spin box/input field.
The value of the shift represents an angle on the color wheel. The values -180 and +180 there‐
fore have an identical effect. Negative angles shift the color tone towards blue and positive ones
shift it towards red.
Saturation slider
Enter the desired saturation using the Saturation slider or spin box/input field.
Saturation describes how intense the color of a pixel is. "Chromatic" is the maximum saturation,
while "achromatic" describes colors that do not leave a color impression.
Lightness slider
Enter the desired brightness using the Brightness slider or spin box/input field.
Brightness describes how light or dark a pixel appears. The greatest difference is between black
and white or between violet and yellow.
Defaults button
Resets all settings to the default values.
11.2.3 White Balance
This method allows you to adjust the white balance of an image.
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Adjust group
Manual
Parameters
Adjust per Channel checkbox
Only visible if your input image is a multichannel image.
Activated: You can adjust the parameters for each channel individually.
Automatic checkbox
If the checkbox is activated, the white point is calculated automatically from the image data.
Pick button
Only visible if the Automatic checkbox is deactivated.
To define the white point, click on the Select button. The mouse pointer then changes to a se‐
lection arrow. Use the selection arrow to click on a white region of your input image. The coordi‐
nates and color values of the selected white point are displayed under the button.
Temperature Delta slider
Enter the difference that will be added on to the newly calculated color values using the Tem‐
perature Delta slider or spin box/input field. Negative values reduce the color temperature, while
positive values increase it. A value of 1 corresponds to 10 kelvin.
Defaults button
Resets all settings to the default values.
11.2.4 Color Temperature
This method allows you to adjust the color temperature of a true color image.
Parameters
Temperature Delta slider
Enter the difference that will be added on to the newly calculated color values using the Tem‐
perature Delta slider or spin box/input field. Negative values reduce the color temperature, while
positive values increase it. A value of 1 corresponds to 10 kelvin.
Defaults button
Resets all settings to the default values.
11.2.5 Brightness/Contrast/Gamma
This method allows you to adjust the brightness, contrast and gamma value of an image.
Information
Unlike the adjustments that can be made on the Display tab, here the pixel values of the image
are changed.
Parameters
Adjust per Channel checkbox
Only visible if your input image is a multichannel image.
Activated: You can adjust the parameters for each channel individually.
Brightness slider
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Adjust group
Manual
Enter the desired brightness using the Brightness slider or spin box/input field.
Changing the brightness means that each gray or color value is increased or decreased by the
same value. The difference between the biggest and smallest gray or color value in the image
remains the same, however.
Contrast slider
Enter the desired contrast using the Contrast slider or spin box/input field.
Changing the contrast means that the gray or color values are multiplied by a factor. The differ‐
ence between the biggest and smallest gray or color value changes.
Gamma slider
Enter the desired gamma value using the Gamma slider or spin box/input field.
Changing the gamma value means that the gray or color values are multiplied by individual fac‐
tors.
Defaults button
Resets all settings to the default values.
11.2.6 Z-Stack Correction
This method allows you to improve the quality of Z-stack images that have been affected by
bleaching effects during acquisition.
Parameters
Third Dimension dropdown list
Only visible, if there is a third dimension in the input image and/or Show all mode is activated.
Here you can select how you want the function to work in the case of multidimensional images.
2D Slices Each slice of a Z-stack image/each time point of a time lapse image is processed as an individ‐
ual 2D image.
Z, T or C Special parameters are available to you for the selected dimension.
Adjust per Channel checkbox
Only visible if your input image is a multichannel image.
Activated: You can adjust the parameters for each channel individually.
Correction Mode dropdown list
Here you can select the desired correction mode.
Bleaching The Bleaching correction mode compensates for the bleaching effect.
Flicker The Flicker correction mode compensates for the flicker of the lamp voltage.
Background The Background correction mode reduces background noise.
Defaults button
Resets all settings to the default values.
11.2.7 Shading Correction
This method allows you to improve images in which the quality has been impaired by uneven
illumination or vignetting.
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Geometric group
Manual
Parameters
Automatic checkbox
If the checkbox is activated, the function automatically calculates the reference image for shad‐
ing correction from the input image.
Adjust per Channel checkbox
Only visible if your input image is a multichannel image.
Activated: You can adjust the parameters for each channel individually.
Mode dropdown list
Here you can select the desired correction mode.
Additive Influences the brightness of the image.
Multiplicative Influences the contrast of the image.
Offset slider
Enter the gray value that will be added on to the newly calculated gray values using the Offset
slider or spin box/input field. If this results in negative values, these are set to 0. Values that
exceed the maximum gray value are set to the maximum gray value.
Defaults button
Resets all settings to the default values.
11.3 Geometric group
11.3.1 Channel Alignment
Using this method it is possible to automatically align the individual channels of a multi-channel
image correctly to one another.
Parameter
Third Dimension dropdown list
Only visible, if there is a third dimension in the input image and/or Show all mode is activated.
Here you can select how you want the function to work in the case of multidimensional images.
2D Slices Each slice of a Z-stack image/each time point of a time lapse image is processed as an individ‐
ual 2D image.
Z, T or C Special parameters are available to you for the selected dimension.
Quality dropdown list
Here you can select the quality level that you want the function to work with.
The quality values have the following meanings:
Low Highest speed with low image quality.
Medium High speed with medium image quality.
High Low speed with high image quality.
Very high Lowest speed with best image quality.
Interpolation dropdown list
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Geometric group
Manual
Here you can select how you want interpolation to be performed if a pixel is calculated from sev‐
eral individual pixels.
Nearest The output pixel is given the gray value of the input pixel that is closest to it.
Neighbor
Linear The output pixel is given the gray value resulting from the linear combination of the input pixels
closest to it.
Cubic The output pixel is given the gray value resulting from a polynomial function of the input pixels
closest to it.
Defaults button
Resets all settings to the default values.
11.3.2 Z-Stack Alignment
This method allows you to bring the individual planes of a Z-stack image into line if these are
not positioned precisely one above the other. This is the case, for example, when you acquire
Z-stacks at an oblique angle using a stereomicroscope.
Parameters
Third Dimension dropdown list
Only visible, if there is a third dimension in the input image and/or Show all mode is activated.
Here you can select how you want the function to work in the case of multidimensional images.
2D Slices Each slice of a Z-stack image/each time point of a time lapse image is processed as an individ‐
ual 2D image.
Z, T or C Special parameters are available to you for the selected dimension.
Quality dropdown list
Here you can select the quality level that you want the function to work with.
The quality values have the following meanings:
Low Highest speed with low image quality.
Medium High speed with medium image quality.
High Low speed with high image quality.
Very high Lowest speed with best image quality.
Method dropdown list
Here you can select the method to be used to align the Z-stack image.
The following methods are available and are also offered as a combination:
Shift The neighboring sections of the Z-stack image are shifted in relation to each other in the X and
Y direction.
Rotation The neighboring sections of the Z-stack image are rotated in relation to each other.
Iso Scaling The magnification is adjusted from section to section.
Skew Scaling The magnification is adjusted from section to section.
Affin The neighboring sections of the Z-stack image are shifted in the X and Y direction, rotated and
the magnification is adjusted from section to section.
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Geometric group
Manual
Interpolation dropdown list
Here you can select how you want interpolation to be performed if a pixel is calculated from sev‐
eral individual pixels.
Nearest The output pixel is given the gray value of the input pixel that is closest to it.
Neighbor
Linear The output pixel is given the gray value resulting from the linear combination of the input pixels
closest to it.
Cubic The output pixel is given the gray value resulting from a polynomial function of the input pixels
closest to it.
Defaults button
Resets all settings to the default values.
11.3.3 Stitching
This method allows you to align the individual tiles of a tile image with one another automatically
and correctly.
Parameters
In place button
The stitching is applied to the original image.
New Output button
A new image is generated as a result of the stitching process. The original image is not modi‐
fied.
Fuse tiles checkbox
This option is only visible when the check box New Image is selected.
Activated: All individual tile images will be fused together on stitching
Correct shading checkbox
This is only visible when the button New Image is selected.
Activated: Applies a shading correction to each image of prior to stitching.
Select 2d image for stitching
Entry
Function
Get all dimensions from 2d view
Reads the current dimensions from the 2D
view
Channels
Select a reference channel that should be
used for the stitch.
Stitch multiple dimensions
Select here which dimensions should be considered for the stitch.
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Geometric group
Manual
Button
Function
Yes
This dimension will be taken into considera‐
tion for the stitch.
Reference
Only the reference channel will be taken into
consideration for the stitch.
No
This dimension will not be taken into consider‐
ation for the stitch.
Parameters
Entry
Function
Minimal Overlap
Sets the extent of the area of minimal overlap
(in %) of the individual tiles
Max Shift
Sets the maximal extent of the shift (in %) of
the individual tiles to one another.
Comparer
Global Optimizer
Defaults button
Resets all settings to the default values.
Reset Button
Allows the user after applying the stitch to return the output image back to its original form (in‐
put).
Repeat button
Schaltfläche Wiederholen
Allows the user to return to the output form by reapplying the desired stitch settings.
11.3.4 Rotate
This method allows you to rotate an image around a freely positionable rotation axis and by a
defined angle.
Parameters
Third Dimension dropdown list
Only visible, if there is a third dimension in the input image and/or Show all mode is activated.
Here you can select how you want the function to work in the case of multidimensional images.
2D Slices Each slice of a Z-stack image/each time point of a time lapse image is processed as an individ‐
ual 2D image.
Z, T or C Special parameters are available to you for the selected dimension.
Adapt sizes checkbox
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
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Geometric group
Manual
Activated: The size of the output image is adjusted in such a way that the entire input image is
also visible after the rotation.
Deactivated: The output image is the same size as the input image. Depending on the image
size and rotation angle, parts of the input image may not be visible in the output image.
Adjust per Channel checkbox
Only visible if your input image is a multichannel image.
Activated: You can adjust the parameters for each channel individually.
Interpolation dropdown list
Here you can select how you want interpolation to be performed if a pixel is calculated from sev‐
eral individual pixels.
Nearest The output pixel is given the gray value of the input pixel that is closest to it.
Neighbor
Linear The output pixel is given the gray value resulting from the linear combination of the input pixels
closest to it.
Cubic The output pixel is given the gray value resulting from a polynomial function of the input pixels
closest to it.
Angle slider
Enter the angle by which you want the input image to be rotated using the slider or spin box/
input field. Positive angles rotate the image clockwise.
The following parameters are only visible if the 2D Sections value is selected in the Third Di‐
mension dropdown list:
Angle X slider
Enter the angle by which you want the input image to be rotated on the X axis using the slider or
spin box/input field.
Angle Y slider
Enter the angle by which you want the input image to be rotated on the Y axis using the slider or
spin box/input field.
Angle Z slider
Enter the angle by which you want the input image to be rotated on the Z axis using the slider or
spin box/input field.
The following parameters are only visible if the Adjust Size checkbox is deactivated:
Center X slider
Enter the X coordinate of the center of the rotation using the slider or spin box/input field.
The value 0 means that the image is rotated around its center point. Negative values mean that
the center of the rotation in the image is shifted to the left in relation to the image's center point.
Positive values shift the center to the right.
Center Y slider
Enter the Y coordinate of the center of the rotation using the slider or spin box/input field.
The value 0 means that the image is rotated around its center point. Negative values mean that
the center of the rotation in the image is shifted downwards in relation to the image's center
point. Positive values shift the center upwards.
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Geometric group
Manual
Center Z slider
Enter the Z coordinate of the center of the rotation using the slider or spin box/input field.
The value 0 means that the image is rotated around its center point. Negative values mean that
the center of the rotation in the image is shifted forwards in relation to the image's center point.
Positive values shift the center backwards.
Defaults button
Resets all settings to the default values.
11.3.5 Mirror
This method allows you to flip an image horizontally or vertically. In the case of multidimensional
images, such as Z-stack or time lapse images, you can also use the mirror method to reverse
the sequence of the relevant dimension.
Parameters
Third Dimension dropdown list
Only visible, if there is a third dimension in the input image and/or Show all mode is activated.
Here you can select how you want the function to work in the case of multidimensional images.
2D Slices Each slice of a Z-stack image/each time point of a time lapse image is processed as an individ‐
ual 2D image.
Z, T or C Special parameters are available to you for the selected dimension.
Adjust per Channel checkbox
Only visible if your input image is a multichannel image.
Activated: You can adjust the parameters for each channel individually.
Mode dropdown list
Choice
Function
Horizontal
Flips image horizontal
Vertical
Flips image vertical
T/ Z
Only visible if input image is a multichannel image.
Reverses sequence of the sections (Z) or time points
(T)
Defaults button
Resets all settings to the default values.
11.3.6 Resample
This method allows you to change the size of an image in every dimension. You can either en‐
large or reduce the image size.
Parameters
Third Dimension dropdown list
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Geometric group
Manual
Only visible, if there is a third dimension in the input image and/or Show all mode is activated.
Here you can select how you want the function to work in the case of multidimensional images.
2D Slices Each slice of a Z-stack image/each time point of a time lapse image is processed as an individ‐
ual 2D image.
Z, T or C Special parameters are available to you for the selected dimension.
Adapt sizes checkbox
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Activated: The size of the output image is adjusted in such a way that the entire input image is
also visible after the rotation.
Deactivated: The output image is the same size as the input image. Depending on the image
size and rotation angle, parts of the input image may not be visible in the output image.
Adjust per Channel checkbox
Only visible if your input image is a multichannel image.
Activated: You can adjust the parameters for each channel individually.
Interpolation dropdown list
Here you can select how you want interpolation to be performed if a pixel is calculated from sev‐
eral individual pixels.
Nearest The output pixel is given the gray value of the input pixel that is closest to it.
Neighbor
Linear The output pixel is given the gray value resulting from the linear combination of the input pixels
closest to it.
Cubic The output pixel is given the gray value resulting from a polynomial function of the input pixels
closest to it.
Scaling in X slider
Enter the desired scaling for X using the slider or spin box/input field.
Scaling in Y slider
Enter the desired scaling for Y using the slider or spin box/input field.
Scaling in Z slider
Enter the desired scaling for Z using the slider or spin box/input field.
The following parameters are only visible if the Adjust Size checkbox is deactivated:
Shift in X slider
Enter the shift in the X direction using the slider or spin box/input field.
Shift in Y slider
Enter the shift in the Y direction using the slider or spin box/input field.
Shift in Z slider
Enter the shift in the Z direction using the slider or spin box/input field.
Defaults button
Resets all settings to the default values.
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Geometric group
Manual
11.3.7 Shift
This method allows you to shift the content of an image in the direction of the 3 axes X, Y and Z.
Parameters
Third Dimension dropdown list
Only visible, if there is a third dimension in the input image and/or Show all mode is activated.
Here you can select how you want the function to work in the case of multidimensional images.
2D Slices Each slice of a Z-stack image/each time point of a time lapse image is processed as an individ‐
ual 2D image.
Z, T or C Special parameters are available to you for the selected dimension.
Adjust per Channel checkbox
Only visible if your input image is a multichannel image.
Activated: You can adjust the parameters for each channel individually.
Shift in X slider
Enter the shift in the X direction using the slider or spin box/input field.
Shift in Y slider
Enter the shift in the Y direction using the slider or spin box/input field.
Shift in Z slider
Enter the shift in the Z direction using the slider or spin box/input field.
Shift in T slider
Enter the shift in the time points using the slider or spin box/input field.
Defaults button
Resets all settings to the default values.
11.4 Sharpen group
11.4.1 Extended Depth of Focus
Using this method you can combine the sharp regions from the individual sections of a Z-stack
image to form a single image. This enables you to display a considerably larger depth of field
than is possible on a microscope.
Parameters
Z-Stack Alignment dropdown list
Here you can select whether you want the Z-stack image to be aligned before the calculation
and with what quality level.
No Alignment The Z-stack image is not aligned before the calculation. You should select this setting if the Zstack image has not been acquired using a stereomicroscope.
Normal High speed with normal image quality.
High Low speed with high image quality.
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Sharpen group
Manual
Highest Lowest speed with best image quality.
Defaults button
Resets all settings to the default values.
11.4.2 Delineate
This method enhances the edges of individual regions in an image. It corrects the halo effect
and only affects edges.
Parameters
Adjust per Channel checkbox
Only visible if your input image is a multichannel image.
Activated: You can adjust the parameters for each channel individually.
Threshold slider
Enter the threshold value for edge detection using the slider or spin box/input field. The thresh‐
old value should correspond roughly to the gray value difference between objects and the back‐
ground.
Size slider
Enter the size of the edge detection filter using the slider or spin box/input field. The value
should correspond to the size of the transition area between objects and the background.
Defaults button
Resets all settings to the default values.
11.4.3 Enhance Contour
This method allows you to enhance contours in an image and emphasize regions in which gray
values change. The function is suitable for visually emphasizing fine structures in an image.
Parameters
Third Dimension dropdown list
Only visible, if there is a third dimension in the input image and/or Show all mode is activated.
Here you can select how you want the function to work in the case of multidimensional images.
2D Slices Each slice of a Z-stack image/each time point of a time lapse image is processed as an individ‐
ual 2D image.
Z, T or C Special parameters are available to you for the selected dimension.
Adjust per Channel checkbox
Only visible if your input image is a multichannel image.
Activated: You can adjust the parameters for each channel individually.
Strength slider
Enter the factor for increasing edge enhancement using the slider or spin box/input field.
Normalization dropdown list
Here you can select how the gray/color values that exceed or fall short of the value range
should be dealt with.
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Sharpen group
Manual
Clip Automatically sets the gray levels that exceed or fall short of the predefined gray value range to
the lowest or highest gray value (black or white). The effect corresponds to underexposure or
overexposure. In certain circumstances some information may therefore be lost.
Automatic Normalizes the gray values automatically to the available gray value range.
Wrap If the result is larger than the maximum gray value of the image, the maximum gray value + 1 is
deducted from this value.
Shift and Clip Normalizes the output to the value "gray value + maximum gray value/2".
Absolute Converts negative gray levels into positive values.
Defaults button
Resets all settings to the default values.
11.4.4 Unsharp Mask
Using this method you can increase the impression of sharpness in an image and consequently
obtain an image display that is richer in detail. The function allows contrasts at small structures
and edges to be enhanced in a targeted way.
Parameters
Adjust per Channel checkbox
Only visible if your input image is a multichannel image.
Activated: You can adjust the parameters for each channel individually.
Strength slider
Enter the strength of the Unsharp Masking using the slider or spin box/input field. The higher
the value selected, the greater the extent to which small structures are enhanced.
The following parameters are only visible if the Show All mode is activated:
Radius slider
Enter the radius using the slider or spin box/input field. Radius defines the width of structures
that you want to appear sharper. A small radius enhances smaller details. If the radius is too
big, halo effects can occur at edges.
Color Mode dropdown list
Select the desired color mode from the dropdown list.
RGB Calculates the sharpness for each color channel individually. The color saturation and the color
of structures may be changed and color noise may occur.
Luminance Only calculates the sharpness on the basis of the brightness signal detected. This mode does
not show any color noise and changes the color saturation accordingly.
Threshold Mode dropdown list
Here you can select a setting from the dropdown list for calculating the boundary between the
sharpened image regions.
It is only effective if the value for the Lower Threshold Value parameter is not equal to 0 or the
value for the Upper Threshold Value parameter is not equal to 100.
None No adjustment takes place.
Binary The transition follows the threshold values.
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Smooth group
Manual
Linear Calculates a linear course.
Threshold Low slider
Enter the lower threshold value using the slider or spin box/input field. This determines the low‐
er limit from which existing contrast structures are changed.
Threshold High slider
Enter the upper threshold value using the slider or spin box/input field. This prevents the exist‐
ing strong contrasts in the image from being increased further unnecessarily.
Clip To Valid Bits checkbox
Activated: Thevalue range of the gray/color values of the output image is adjusted to the value
range of the input image.
Defaults button
Resets all settings to the default values.
11.5 Smooth group
11.5.1 Median
This method allows you to reduce noise in an image. Each pixel is replaced by the median of its
neighbors. The size of the area of the neighboring pixels considered is defined by a quadratic
filter matrix. The modified pixel is the central pixel of the filter matrix. The median is the middle
value of the gray values of the pixel and its neighbors sorted in ascending order.
Parameter
Third Dimension dropdown list
Only visible, if there is a third dimension in the input image and/or Show all mode is activated.
Here you can select how you want the function to work in the case of multidimensional images.
2D Slices Each slice of a Z-stack image/each time point of a time lapse image is processed as an individ‐
ual 2D image.
Z, T or C Special parameters are available to you for the selected dimension.
Adjust per Channel checkbox
Only visible if your input image is a multichannel image.
Activated: You can adjust the parameters for each channel individually.
Filter Size slider
Enter the size of the filter matrix in the X and Y direction using the slider or spin box/input field.
The following parameters are only visible if the Show All mode is activated:
Filter Size in X slider
Enter the size of the filter matrix in the X direction using the slider or spin box/input field.
Filter Size in Y slider
Enter the size of the filter matrix in the Y direction using the slider or spin box/input field.
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Manual
Filter Size in Z slider
Enter the size of the filter matrix in the Z direction using the slider or spin box/input field.
Defaults button
Resets all settings to the default values.
11.5.2 Sigma
This method allows you to reduce noise in an image. Each pixel is replaced by the average of
its neighbors. The size of the area of the neighboring pixels considered is defined by a quadratic
filter matrix. The modified pixel is the central pixel of the filter matrix. To calculate the average,
only the gray values that lie within a defined range (+/- sigma) around the gray value of the cen‐
tral pixel are taken into consideration. As a result, fine object structures are not blurred; only the
gray levels in image regions that belong together are adjusted.
Parameter
Third Dimension dropdown list
Only visible, if there is a third dimension in the input image and/or Show all mode is activated.
Here you can select how you want the function to work in the case of multidimensional images.
2D Slices Each slice of a Z-stack image/each time point of a time lapse image is processed as an individ‐
ual 2D image.
Z, T or C Special parameters are available to you for the selected dimension.
Adjust per Channel checkbox
Only visible if your input image is a multichannel image.
Activated: You can adjust the parameters for each channel individually.
Sigma slider
Enter the sigma value using the slider or spin box/input field.
Filter Size slider
Enter the size of the filter matrix in the X and Y direction using the slider or spin box/input field.
The following parameters are only visible if the Show All mode is activated:
Filter Size in X slider
Enter the size of the filter matrix in the X direction using the slider or spin box/input field.
Filter Size in Y slider
Enter the size of the filter matrix in the Y direction using the slider or spin box/input field.
Filter Size in Z slider
Enter the size of the filter matrix in the Z direction using the slider or spin box/input field.
Defaults button
Resets all settings to the default values.
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Smooth group
Manual
11.5.3 Lowpass
This method allows you to reduce noise in an image. Each pixel is replaced by the average of
its neighbors. The size of the area of the neighboring pixels considered is defined by a quadratic
filter matrix. The modified pixel is the central pixel of the filter matrix.
Parameter
Third Dimension dropdown list
Only visible, if there is a third dimension in the input image and/or Show all mode is activated.
Here you can select how you want the function to work in the case of multidimensional images.
2D Slices Each slice of a Z-stack image/each time point of a time lapse image is processed as an individ‐
ual 2D image.
Z, T or C Special parameters are available to you for the selected dimension.
Adjust per Channel checkbox
Only visible if your input image is a multichannel image.
Activated: You can adjust the parameters for each channel individually.
Repetitions slider
Enter the number of repetitions using the slider or spin box/input field. The function can be ap‐
plied several times in succession to the result of the filtering. This intensifies the effect accord‐
ingly.
Filter Size slider
Enter the size of the filter matrix in the X and Y direction using the slider or spin box/input field.
The following parameters are only visible if the Show All mode is activated:
Filter Size in X slider
Enter the size of the filter matrix in the X direction using the slider or spin box/input field.
Filter Size in Y slider
Enter the size of the filter matrix in the Y direction using the slider or spin box/input field.
Filter Size in Z slider
Enter the size of the filter matrix in the Z direction using the slider or spin box/input field.
Defaults button
Resets all settings to the default values.
11.5.4 Binomial Filter
This method allows you to reduce noise in an image. Each pixel is replaced by a weighted aver‐
age of its neighbors. The weighting factors are calculated from the binomial coefficients in ac‐
cordance with the filter size. The binomial filter is very similar to a Gaussian filter in its effect.
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Parameter
Third Dimension dropdown list
Only visible, if there is a third dimension in the input image and/or Show all mode is activated.
Here you can select how you want the function to work in the case of multidimensional images.
2D Slices Each slice of a Z-stack image/each time point of a time lapse image is processed as an individ‐
ual 2D image.
Z, T or C Special parameters are available to you for the selected dimension.
Filter Size slider
Enter the size of the filter matrix using the slider or spin box/input field.
Defaults button
Resets all settings to the default values.
11.5.5 Gauss
This method allows you to reduce noise in an image. Each pixel is replaced by a weighted aver‐
age of its neighbors. The neighboring pixels are weighted in accordance with a two-dimensional
Gauss bell curve.
Parameter
Third Dimension dropdown list
Only visible, if there is a third dimension in the input image and/or Show all mode is activated.
Here you can select how you want the function to work in the case of multidimensional images.
2D Slices Each slice of a Z-stack image/each time point of a time lapse image is processed as an individ‐
ual 2D image.
Z, T or C Special parameters are available to you for the selected dimension.
Adjust per Channel checkbox
Only visible if your input image is a multichannel image.
Activated: You can adjust the parameters for each channel individually.
Sigma slider
Enter the sigma value using the slider or spin box/input field.
Sigma in X slider
Enter the sigma value in the X direction using the slider or spin box/input field.
Sigma in Y slider
Enter the sigma value in the Y direction using the slider or spin box/input field.
Sigma in Z slider
Enter the sigma value in the Z direction using the slider or spin box/input field.
Defaults button
Resets all settings to the default values.
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11.5.6 Single Pixel Filter
This method allows you to remove single pixel phenomena, such as those that occur in the case
of clocking induced charge with EMCCDs and as radio telegraph signal noise with CMOS sen‐
sors. It can also be used to remove hot pixels.
Parameter
Adjust per Channel checkbox
Only visible if your input image is a multichannel image.
Activated: You can adjust the parameters for each channel individually.
Threshold Value slider
Enter the threshold value using the slider or spin box/input field.
Defaults button
Resets all settings to the default values.
11.6 Utilities group
11.6.1 Copy Annotations
This method copies the annotations of one image into another image.
11.6.2 Copy Image
This method creates a copy of an image.
11.6.3 Change Pixel Type
This method allows you to change the pixel type of an image. This can be useful if you want to
compare or combine images that have different pixel types.
Parameters
Pixel Format dropdown list
Select the desired pixel format from the dropdown list.
232
Choice
Function
8 Bit B/W
The output image is a monochrome image,
the whole-number gray values of which can lie
in the range from 0 to 255.
16 Bit B/W
The output image is a monochrome image,
the whole-number gray values of which can lie
in the range from 0 to 65535.
32 Bit B/W Float
The output image is a monochrome image
with real numbers as pixel values.
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Choice
Function
2x32 Bit Complex
The output image is a monochrome image
with complex numbers (real part and imagina‐
ry part) as pixel values. Such images are gen‐
erally created by means of transformation into
the Fourier space.
24 Bit RGB
The output image is a color image, the wholenumber color values of which in the red, green
and blue channels can lie in the range from 0
to 255.
48 Bit RGB
The output image is a color image, the wholenumber color values of which in the red, green
and blue channels can lie in the range from 0
to 65535.
2x32 Bit RGB Float
The output image is a color image with real
numbers as color values in the red, green and
blue channels.
3x64Bit RGB Complex
The output image is a color image with com‐
plex numbers (real part and imaginary part) in
the red, green and blue channels. Such im‐
ages are generally created by means of trans‐
formation into the Fourier space.
Defaults button
Resets all settings to the default values.
11.6.4 Create Image Subset
This method allows you to extract parts from one image and use these to create a new image.
You can select these parts freely from the individual dimensions of the image.
11.6.4.1 Create Image Subset parameters
Defaults button
Resets all settings to the default values.
Information
Each of the sections described below is only visible if the corresponding dimension is present
in the input image.
Channels section
To show the section in full, click on the
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In the Channels section you can select which channels of the input image you want to be used.
All channels are selected by default. To deselect a channel, click on the relevant channel but‐
ton.
button
Adopts the values from the current display. These values can also be found on the Dimensions
tab.
Z-Position section
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
Z-Stack dropdown list
You can select which sections of the input image you want to be used from the dropdown list.
All Selects all sections of the input image.
Select Indi‐ Selects an individual section.
vidual
Select Range Selects a continuous range of sections.
Select Sever‐ Selects several continuous ranges and individual sections.
al
Select Individual slider
Enter the section that you want to select using the slider or spin box/input field.
button
Adopts the values from the current display. These values can also be found on the Dimensions
tab.
Select Range slider
Enter the first and last section that you want to select using the sliders or spin boxes/input fields.
Interval checkbox
Activated: Interval mode is active. The Interval spin box/input field appears.
Interval spin box/input field
Enter the desired interval here. If you enter the value 2, for example, only every 2nd value from
the range is considered.
Select Several input field
Enter one or more sections that you want to select in the input field. To do this, enter the first
section, followed by a minus sign, and then the last section. If you want to define an interval,
after the last section enter a colon and then the interval. The entry "2-10:2" means that every
second section is selected from section 2 to section 10.
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Enter a comma after the first section if you want to define another section. You can also select
individual sections separated by commas. By entering "2-10:2,14-18,20,23", you select every
second section from section 2 to section 10, followed by sections 14 to 18, as well as sections
20 and 23.
Time section
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
Time Points dropdown list
You can select which time points of the input image you want to be used from the Time Points
dropdown list. The following selection options are available:
All Selects all time points of the input image.
Select Indi‐ Selects an individual time point.
vidual
Select Range Selects a continuous range of time points.
Select Sever‐ Selects several continuous ranges and individual time points.
al
Select Individual slider
Enter the time point that you want to select using the slider or spin box/input field.
button
Adopts the values from the current display. These values can also be found on the Dimensions
tab.
Select Range slider
Enter the first and last time point that you want to select using the sliders or spin boxes/input
fields.
Interval checkbox
Activated: Interval mode is active. The Interval spin box/input field appears.
Interval spin box/input field
Enter the desired interval here. If you enter the value 2, for example, only every 2nd value from
the range is considered.
Select Several input field
Enter one or more time points that you want to select in the input field. To do this, enter the first
time point, followed by a minus sign, and then the last time point. If you want to define an inter‐
val, after the last time point enter a colon and then the interval. The entry "2-10:2" means that
every second time point is selected from time point 2 to time point 10.
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Enter a comma after the first time point if you want to define another time point. You can also
select individual time points separated by commas. By entering "2-10:2,14-18, 20, 23", you se‐
lect every second time point from time point 2 to time point 10, followed by time points 14 to 18,
as well as time points 20 and 23.
Scene section
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
Scene dropdown list
You can select which scenes of the input image you want to be used from the Scene dropdown
list.
All Selects all scenes of the input image.
Select Indi‐ Selects an individual scene.
vidual
Select Range Selects a continuous range of scenes.
Select Sever‐ Selects several continuous scenes and individual scenes.
al
Select Individual slider
Enter the scene that you want to select using the slider or spin box/input field.
button
Adopts the values from the current display. These values can also be found on the Dimensions
tab.
Select Range slider
Enter the first and last scene that you want to select using the sliders or spin boxes/input fields.
Interval checkbox
Activated: Interval mode is active. The Interval spin box/input field appears.
Interval spin box/input field
Enter the desired interval here. If you enter the value 2, for example, only every 2nd value from
the range is considered.
Select Several input field
Enter one or more scenes that you want to select in the input field. To do this, enter the first
scene, followed by a minus sign, and then the last scene. If you want to define an interval, after
the last scene enter a colon and then the interval. The entry "2-10:2" means that every second
scene is selected from scene 2 to scene 10.
Enter a comma after the first scene if you want to define another scene. You can also select
individual scenes separated by commas. By entering "2-10:2,14-18, 20, 23", you select every
second scene from scene 2 to scene 10, followed by scenes 14 to 18, as well as scenes 20 and
23.
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Block section
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
Block dropdown list
You can select which blocks of the input image you want to be used from the Block dropdown
list. The following selection options are available:
All Selects all blocks of the input image.
Select Indi‐ Selects an individual block.
vidual
Select Range Selects a continuous block of time points.
Select Sever‐ Selects several continuous blocks and individual blocks.
al
Select Individual slider
Enter the block that you want to select using the slider or spin box/input field.
button
Adopts the values from the current display. These values can also be found on the Dimensions
tab.
Select Range slider
Enter the first and last block that you want to select using the sliders or spin boxes/input fields.
Interval checkbox
Activated: Interval mode is active. The Interval spin box/input field appears.
Interval spin box/input field
Enter the desired interval here. If you enter the value 2, for example, only every 2nd value from
the range is considered.
Select Several input field
Enter one or more blocks that you want to select in the input field. To do this, enter the first
block, followed by a minus sign, and then the last block. If you want to define an interval, after
the last block enter a colon and then the interval. The entry "2-10:2" means that every second
block is selected from block 2 to block 10.
Enter a comma after the first block if you want to define another block. You can also select indi‐
vidual blocks separated by commas. By entering "2-10:2,14-18,20,23", you select every second
block from block 2 to block 10, followed by blocks 14 to 18, as well as blocks 20 and 23.
Region section
To show the section in full, click on the
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Region dropdown list
You can select which sections of the input image you want to be used from the Region drop‐
down list.
All The entire image is selected.
Region In the current image, drag out the rectangular region that you want to be used using the mouse.
X spin box/input field
Enter the X coordinate of the starting point of the region in the spin box/input field.
Y spin box/input field
Enter the Y coordinate of the starting point of the region in the spin box/input field.
W spin box/input field
Enter the width of the region in the spin box/input field.
H spin box/input field
Enter the height of the region in the spin box/input field.
11.6.5 Fuse Image Subset
This method allows you to insert an image subset back into the original image. Its contents are
replaced by the contents of the image subset. Using this method you can process a previously
created image subset using image processing functions and copy the result back into the origi‐
nal image.
11.6.6 Create Gray Scale image
This method allows you to create a gray scale image.
11.6.7 Image Calculator
This method allows you to apply arithmetic operations to images in the form of a calculator.
You can process a single image or combine two images.
All operations are performed pixel by pixel.
11.6.8 Add Channels
This method allows you to combine two input images that have different channels but otherwise
have the same dimension (Z-stack, time series, tile, scene). An image is produced that contains
all the channels of the input images.
If the two input images differ from one another in the dimensions Z-stack, time series, tiles or
scene, input image 1 and input image 2 are copied into the output image as two separate
blocks.
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11.6.9 Generate Pyramid
This method allows you to calculate a resolution pyramid for a tile image. Using the resolution
pyramid you can navigate extremely efficiently even in very large tile images and display individ‐
ual regions in the image window.
11.6.10 Calculate Histogram
This method calculates a histogram distribution for selected measurement parameters of a
measurement data table.
11.6.10. Column Selection dialog window
1
Here you can select the columns of the table for which you want the histogram to be calculated.
Direct Selection
Activate the checkboxes of the columns that you want to select.
Search For Text input field
In the input field you can enter one or more character strings that should appear in the column
heading.
All radio button
Select this option if each character string has to appear in the column heading in order for it to
be selected.
Any radio button
Select this option if only one of the character strings has to appear in the column heading in
order for it to be selected.
Without the Words input field
Here you can enter one or more character strings that must not appear in the column heading.
Run button
Selects the column headings in accordance with the conditions for the text search.
Deselect All button
Resets all activated checkboxes.
Select All button
Activates all checkboxes.
OK button
Adopts the selection.
Cancel button
Exits the dialog window without making a selection.
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11.6.11 Split Scenes
This method saves the single scenes (tiles or positions) of a multiscene image (i.e. image of a
multiwell plate) as single images in a folder in CZI format.
Parameter
Save in display field
To open the Browse for folder dialog window, click on the button to the right of the display field.
Here you can select the folder to which you want to save the single scene images. The path of
the destination folder is displayed automatically in the display field.
Information
Multiscene images to be analyzed as ZVI images with AssayBuilder must be separated into
single images using the method Split scenes before ZVI-Export.
11.7 Export/Import group
11.7.1 Image Export
Using the SingleFile Export method you can export single images into various file types so that
you can continue to use them in other programs. Multidimensional images (multichannel, Zstack, time lapse, tile images) are exported as individual images.
11.7.1.1 Image Export parameters
Defaults button
Resets all settings to the default values.
See also
2 Image Export [➙ p.240]
File Type section
File Type dropdown list
Select the desired file type from the dropdown list.
Various setting options are available to you depending on the file type selected (*.jpg, *.bmp,
*.tiff, *.png, *.hdp).
Quality slider
Only available for the file types *.jpg, *.hdp.
Enter the image quality using the slider or spin box/input field to influence the size of the file.
Although low values result in very small files, image quality may be considerably reduced.
Size slider
Enter the image size in percent using the slider or spin box/input field.
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Convert to 8 Bit checkbox
Only available for the file types *.tiff, *.png, *.hdp.
Activated: Converts a 16 bit gray level image into an 8 bit gray level image, or a 48 bit color
image into a 24 bit color image.
Compression dropdown list
Only available for the file type *.tiff.
Select the compression method for reducing the data volume from the dropdown list.
LZW Performs lossless compression in accordance with the Lempel-Ziv-Welch algorithm (LZW).
None Retains the data volume of the original image. No compression is performed.
ZIP Performs lossless compression in accordance with the ZIP method.
Image Data section
The following functions are only visible if the Show All mode is activated:
Original Data checkbox
Activated: Exports the image with the original channel colors and the original display character‐
istic curve.
Apply Display Characteristic Curve and Channel Color checkbox
Activated: Exports the image with the changed channel color and display characteristic curve
settings. These settings are applied to the pixel values of the exported images. They are partic‐
ularly important if you want to use dark images with a dynamic range of more than 8 bits in oth‐
er programs.
Information
At least one of the two checkboxes must be activated. If both checkboxes are activated, you
can export the original images and the images with the changed settings in a single step.
Burn In Graphic checkbox
Activated: Burns the graphic elements into the image. The pixels under the graphic element
(e.g. scale bars) are overwritten. The burnt-in graphic elements cannot be subsequently modi‐
fied.
Multichannel Image checkbox
Only visible for multichannel images.
Activated: Exports the pseudo color image of all selected channels.
Individual Channels checkbox
Only visible for multichannel images.
Activated: Exports the individual colored images of all selected channels.
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Manual
Information
At least one of the three checkboxes must be activated. If the Multichannel Image and Individ‐
ual Channels checkboxes are activated, you can export the individual colored images and the
pseudo color image in a single step.
Dimensions section
The following functions are only visible if the Show All mode is activated:
Use All Dimensions radio button
Select this option if you want to export all dimensions without changing them.
Define Subset radio button
Select this option if you only want to export individual dimensions or subsets of individual di‐
mensions.
Information
Each of the sections described below is only visible if the corresponding dimension is present
in the input image.
Channels section
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
In the Channels section you can select which channels of the input image you want to be used.
All channels are selected by default. To deselect a channel, click on the relevant channel but‐
ton.
button
Adopts the values from the current display. These values can also be found on the Dimensions
tab.
Z-Position section
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
Z-Stack dropdown list
You can select which sections of the input image you want to be used from the dropdown list.
All Selects all sections of the input image.
Select Indi‐ Selects an individual section.
vidual
Select Range Selects a continuous range of sections.
Select Sever‐ Selects several continuous ranges and individual sections.
al
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Select Individual slider
Enter the section that you want to select using the slider or spin box/input field.
button
Adopts the values from the current display. These values can also be found on the Dimensions
tab.
Select Range slider
Enter the first and last section that you want to select using the sliders or spin boxes/input fields.
Interval checkbox
Activated: Interval mode is active. The Interval spin box/input field appears.
Interval spin box/input field
Enter the desired interval here. If you enter the value 2, for example, only every 2nd value from
the range is considered.
Select Several input field
Enter one or more sections that you want to select in the input field. To do this, enter the first
section, followed by a minus sign, and then the last section. If you want to define an interval,
after the last section enter a colon and then the interval. The entry "2-10:2" means that every
second section is selected from section 2 to section 10.
Enter a comma after the first section if you want to define another section. You can also select
individual sections separated by commas. By entering "2-10:2,14-18,20,23", you select every
second section from section 2 to section 10, followed by sections 14 to 18, as well as sections
20 and 23.
Time section
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
Time Points dropdown list
You can select which time points of the input image you want to be used from the Time Points
dropdown list. The following selection options are available:
All Selects all time points of the input image.
Select Indi‐ Selects an individual time point.
vidual
Select Range Selects a continuous range of time points.
Select Sever‐ Selects several continuous ranges and individual time points.
al
Select Individual slider
Enter the time point that you want to select using the slider or spin box/input field.
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Manual
button
Adopts the values from the current display. These values can also be found on the Dimensions
tab.
Select Range slider
Enter the first and last time point that you want to select using the sliders or spin boxes/input
fields.
Interval checkbox
Activated: Interval mode is active. The Interval spin box/input field appears.
Interval spin box/input field
Enter the desired interval here. If you enter the value 2, for example, only every 2nd value from
the range is considered.
Select Several input field
Enter one or more time points that you want to select in the input field. To do this, enter the first
time point, followed by a minus sign, and then the last time point. If you want to define an inter‐
val, after the last time point enter a colon and then the interval. The entry "2-10:2" means that
every second time point is selected from time point 2 to time point 10.
Enter a comma after the first time point if you want to define another time point. You can also
select individual time points separated by commas. By entering "2-10:2,14-18, 20, 23", you se‐
lect every second time point from time point 2 to time point 10, followed by time points 14 to 18,
as well as time points 20 and 23.
Scene section
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
Scene dropdown list
You can select which scenes of the input image you want to be used from the Scene dropdown
list.
All Selects all scenes of the input image.
Select Indi‐ Selects an individual scene.
vidual
Select Range Selects a continuous range of scenes.
Select Sever‐ Selects several continuous scenes and individual scenes.
al
Select Individual slider
Enter the scene that you want to select using the slider or spin box/input field.
button
Adopts the values from the current display. These values can also be found on the Dimensions
tab.
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Select Range slider
Enter the first and last scene that you want to select using the sliders or spin boxes/input fields.
Interval checkbox
Activated: Interval mode is active. The Interval spin box/input field appears.
Interval spin box/input field
Enter the desired interval here. If you enter the value 2, for example, only every 2nd value from
the range is considered.
Select Several input field
Enter one or more scenes that you want to select in the input field. To do this, enter the first
scene, followed by a minus sign, and then the last scene. If you want to define an interval, after
the last scene enter a colon and then the interval. The entry "2-10:2" means that every second
scene is selected from scene 2 to scene 10.
Enter a comma after the first scene if you want to define another scene. You can also select
individual scenes separated by commas. By entering "2-10:2,14-18, 20, 23", you select every
second scene from scene 2 to scene 10, followed by scenes 14 to 18, as well as scenes 20 and
23.
Region section
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
Region dropdown list
You can select which sections of the input image you want to be used from the Region drop‐
down list.
All The entire image is selected.
Region In the current image, drag out the rectangular region that you want to be used using the mouse.
X spin box/input field
Enter the X coordinate of the starting point of the region in the spin box/input field.
Y spin box/input field
Enter the Y coordinate of the starting point of the region in the spin box/input field.
W spin box/input field
Enter the width of the region in the spin box/input field.
H spin box/input field
Enter the height of the region in the spin box/input field.
Tiles section
To show the section in full, click on the
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Use Existing Tiles radio button
Activated: Exports the image with an unchanged number of tiles and unchanged overlap.
New Tiles radio button
Configure the column, row and overlap settings using the spin boxes/input fields if you want to
change the number of tiles and the overlap.
Columns spin box/input field
Only active if the New Tiles radio button is activated.
Enter the number of columns using the spin box/input field.
Rows spin box/input field
Only active if the New Tiles radio button is activated.
Enter the number of rows using the spin box/input field.
Overlap spin box/input field
Only active if the New Tiles radio button is activated.
Enter the percentage for the overlap using the spin box/input field.
Export To section
Export To display field
To open the Browse For Folder dialog window, click on the
button to the right of the display
field. Here you can select the folder to which you want to save the image that is being exported.
The path of the export folder is displayed automatically in the display field.
The following functions are only visible if the Show All mode is activated:
Create Subfolder checkbox
Activated: Creates a separate folder with the name of the input image.
Create XML Files checkbox
Activated: Creates two XML files containing the meta information relating to the input image.
▪ Meta.xml contains all additional information relating to the input image (e.g. hardware set‐
tings, dimensions).
▪ Info.xml only contains additional information relating to the exported individual images (e.g.
names, dimensions, sizes).
Create ZIP Archive checkbox
Activated: Creates a ZIP file in which all exported individual images, including the XML files, are
saved.
Prefix input field
Here you can edit the prefix specified or enter a new name. The name of the original image is
specified by default.
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11.7.2 Movie Export
Using the Movie Export function you can export multidimensional images (time lapse, Z-stack,
multichannel images) into various file types in the form of film sequences so that you can contin‐
ue to use them in other programs.
11.7.2.1 Movie Export parameters
Defaults button
Resets all settings to the default values.
File Type section
Mode dropdown list
Select the desired file type from the dropdown list.
Various setting options are available to you depending on the file type selected (*.avi,*.wmf).
Information
AVI (MS-Video1) mode is available for 32-bit Windows operating systems only.
Format dropdown list
Select the desired format from the dropdown list.
Original Size Not available for the file type AVI (DV).
Uses the height and width of the input image and sets the frame rate to 5 frames per second.
User-Defined Not available for the file type AVI (DV).
Enter the values in the Width, Height and Frame Rate input fields.
720x576/25fp Uses the PAL (Phase Alternating Line) video resolution with 25 frames per second.
s (PAL 576p/
25)
720x480/29.9 Uses the NTSC (National Television Systems Committee) video resolution with 29.97 frames
7fps (NTSC) per second.
1280x720/50f
ps (HD 720p/
50)
1920x1080/2
5fps (HD
1080p/25)
1920x1080/2
9.97fps (HD
1080p/29.97)
Not available for the file types AVI (DV) and AVI (MS-Video 1).
Uses the HD (High Definition 720) video resolution with 50 frames per second.
Not available for the file types AVI (DV) and AVI (MS-Video 1).
Uses the HD (High Definition 1080) video resolution with 25 frames per second.
Not available for the file types AVI (DV) and AVI (MS-Video 1).
Uses the HD (High Definition 1080) video resolution with 29.97 frames per second.
Width input field
Only active if you have selected the User-Defined entry in the Format dropdown list.
Here you can indicate the width of the image in pixels (px).
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Height input field
Only active if you have selected the User-Defined entry in the Format dropdown list.
Here you can indicate the height of the image in pixels (px).
Frame Rate input field
Only active if you have selected the User-Defined entry in the Format dropdown list.
Here you can enter the frame rate in frames per second (fps).
Quality slider
Only visible if you have selected the AVI (M-JPEG compression) entry in the File Type drop‐
down list.
Enter the image quality using the slider or spin box/input field to influence the size of the file.
Although low values result in very small files, image quality may be considerably reduced.
Image Data section
The following functions are only visible if the Show All mode is activated:
Burn In Graphic checkbox
Activated: Burns the graphic elements into the image. The pixels under the graphic element
(e.g. scale bars) are overwritten. The burnt-in graphic elements cannot be subsequently modi‐
fied.
Multichannel Image checkbox
Only visible for multichannel images.
Activated: Exports the pseudo color image of all selected channels.
Individual Channels checkbox
Only visible for multichannel images.
Activated: Exports the individual colored images of all selected channels.
Information
At least one of the three checkboxes must be activated. If the Multichannel Image and Individ‐
ual Channels checkboxes are activated, you can export the individual colored images and the
pseudo color image in a single step.
Adjust section
The following functions are only visible if the Show All mode is activated:
Adjust dropdown list
Select the desired type of adjustment from the dropdown list.
Adjust Adjusts the image to the selected resolution. The original aspect ratio is retained.
Adjust and Adjusts the image to the selected resolution and clips it. The original aspect ratio is not retained.
Clip
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Adjust and Stretches the image to the selected resolution. The original aspect ratio is not retained.
Stretch
Clip Clips the image to the selected resolution. The original aspect ratio is retained.
Sequence section
The following functions are only visible if the Show All mode is activated:
In the list enter the sequence of the dimensions in which you want the films to be created.
button
Shifts the selected dimension up a line.
button
Shifts the selected dimension down a line.
Image Sequence section
Image Sequence dropdown list
From the dropdown list, select how you want the images to be assigned.
Fixed Dura‐ Enter the time per image in seconds using the spin box/input field. The total length is displayed
tion in the Total Film Length text field.
1 Image per Assigns one image to one time point of the film.
Time Point
Number of Images display field
Indicates the number of images in the input image.
Total Film Length display field
Indicates the total length of the resulting film, depending on the selected image sequence and
the time.
Dimensions section
The following functions are only visible if the Show All mode is activated:
Use All Dimensions radio button
Select this option if you want to export all dimensions without changing them.
Define Subset radio button
Select this option if you only want to export individual dimensions or subsets of individual di‐
mensions.
Information
Each of the sections described below is only visible if the corresponding dimension is present
in the input image.
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Channels section
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
In the Channels section you can select which channels of the input image you want to be used.
All channels are selected by default. To deselect a channel, click on the relevant channel but‐
ton.
button
Adopts the values from the current display. These values can also be found on the Dimensions
tab.
Z-Position section
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
Z-Stack dropdown list
You can select which sections of the input image you want to be used from the dropdown list.
All Selects all sections of the input image.
Select Indi‐ Selects an individual section.
vidual
Select Range Selects a continuous range of sections.
Select Sever‐ Selects several continuous ranges and individual sections.
al
Select Individual slider
Enter the section that you want to select using the slider or spin box/input field.
button
Adopts the values from the current display. These values can also be found on the Dimensions
tab.
Select Range slider
Enter the first and last section that you want to select using the sliders or spin boxes/input fields.
Interval checkbox
Activated: Interval mode is active. The Interval spin box/input field appears.
Interval spin box/input field
Enter the desired interval here. If you enter the value 2, for example, only every 2nd value from
the range is considered.
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Select Several input field
Enter one or more sections that you want to select in the input field. To do this, enter the first
section, followed by a minus sign, and then the last section. If you want to define an interval,
after the last section enter a colon and then the interval. The entry "2-10:2" means that every
second section is selected from section 2 to section 10.
Enter a comma after the first section if you want to define another section. You can also select
individual sections separated by commas. By entering "2-10:2,14-18,20,23", you select every
second section from section 2 to section 10, followed by sections 14 to 18, as well as sections
20 and 23.
Time section
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
Time Points dropdown list
You can select which time points of the input image you want to be used from the Time Points
dropdown list. The following selection options are available:
All Selects all time points of the input image.
Select Indi‐ Selects an individual time point.
vidual
Select Range Selects a continuous range of time points.
Select Sever‐ Selects several continuous ranges and individual time points.
al
Select Individual slider
Enter the time point that you want to select using the slider or spin box/input field.
button
Adopts the values from the current display. These values can also be found on the Dimensions
tab.
Select Range slider
Enter the first and last time point that you want to select using the sliders or spin boxes/input
fields.
Interval checkbox
Activated: Interval mode is active. The Interval spin box/input field appears.
Interval spin box/input field
Enter the desired interval here. If you enter the value 2, for example, only every 2nd value from
the range is considered.
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Select Several input field
Enter one or more time points that you want to select in the input field. To do this, enter the first
time point, followed by a minus sign, and then the last time point. If you want to define an inter‐
val, after the last time point enter a colon and then the interval. The entry "2-10:2" means that
every second time point is selected from time point 2 to time point 10.
Enter a comma after the first time point if you want to define another time point. You can also
select individual time points separated by commas. By entering "2-10:2,14-18, 20, 23", you se‐
lect every second time point from time point 2 to time point 10, followed by time points 14 to 18,
as well as time points 20 and 23.
Scene section
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
Scene dropdown list
You can select which scenes of the input image you want to be used from the Scene dropdown
list.
All Selects all scenes of the input image.
Select Indi‐ Selects an individual scene.
vidual
Select Range Selects a continuous range of scenes.
Select Sever‐ Selects several continuous scenes and individual scenes.
al
Select Individual slider
Enter the scene that you want to select using the slider or spin box/input field.
button
Adopts the values from the current display. These values can also be found on the Dimensions
tab.
Select Range slider
Enter the first and last scene that you want to select using the sliders or spin boxes/input fields.
Interval checkbox
Activated: Interval mode is active. The Interval spin box/input field appears.
Interval spin box/input field
Enter the desired interval here. If you enter the value 2, for example, only every 2nd value from
the range is considered.
Select Several input field
Enter one or more scenes that you want to select in the input field. To do this, enter the first
scene, followed by a minus sign, and then the last scene. If you want to define an interval, after
the last scene enter a colon and then the interval. The entry "2-10:2" means that every second
scene is selected from scene 2 to scene 10.
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Enter a comma after the first scene if you want to define another scene. You can also select
individual scenes separated by commas. By entering "2-10:2,14-18, 20, 23", you select every
second scene from scene 2 to scene 10, followed by scenes 14 to 18, as well as scenes 20 and
23.
Region section
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
Region dropdown list
You can select which sections of the input image you want to be used from the Region drop‐
down list.
All The entire image is selected.
Region In the current image, drag out the rectangular region that you want to be used using the mouse.
X spin box/input field
Enter the X coordinate of the starting point of the region in the spin box/input field.
Y spin box/input field
Enter the Y coordinate of the starting point of the region in the spin box/input field.
W spin box/input field
Enter the width of the region in the spin box/input field.
H spin box/input field
Enter the height of the region in the spin box/input field.
Export To section
Export To display field
To open the Browse For Folder dialog window, click on the
button to the right of the display
field. Here you can select the folder to which you want to save the image that is being exported.
The path of the export folder is displayed automatically in the display field.
Prefix input field
Here you can edit the prefix specified or enter a new name. The name of the original image is
specified by default.
11.7.3 OME TIFF Export
Using the OME TIFF Export function you can export your images into OME (Open Microscopy
Environment) TIFF format so that you can continue to use them in other programs. The images
are then available as a multipage TIFF file.
11.7.3.1 OME TIFF Export parameters
Defaults button
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Resets all settings to the default values.
See also
2 OME TIFF Export [➙ p.253]
Image Format section
Size slider
Enter the image size in percent using the slider or spin box/input field.
BigTIFF checkbox
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Activated: Creates a BigTIFF image that can be bigger than 4 gigabytes and uses 64-bit offset
format.
Image Data section
The following functions are only visible if the Show All mode is activated:
Original Data radio button
Activated: Exports the image with the original channel colors and the original display character‐
istic curve.
Apply Display Characteristic Curve and Channel Color radio button
Activated: Exports the image with the changed channel color and display characteristic curve
settings. These settings are applied to the pixel values of the exported images. They are partic‐
ularly important if you want to use dark images with a dynamic range of more than 8 bits in oth‐
er programs.
Burn In Graphic checkbox
Activated: Burns the graphic elements into the image. The pixels under the graphic element
(e.g. scale bars) are overwritten. The burnt-in graphic elements cannot be subsequently modi‐
fied.
Dimensions section
The following functions are only visible if the Show All mode is activated:
Use All Dimensions radio button
Select this option if you want to export all dimensions without changing them.
Define Subset radio button
Select this option if you only want to export individual dimensions or subsets of individual di‐
mensions.
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Information
Each of the sections described below is only visible if the corresponding dimension is present
in the input image.
Channels section
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
In the Channels section you can select which channels of the input image you want to be used.
All channels are selected by default. To deselect a channel, click on the relevant channel but‐
ton.
button
Adopts the values from the current display. These values can also be found on the Dimensions
tab.
Z-Position section
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
Z-Stack dropdown list
You can select which sections of the input image you want to be used from the dropdown list.
All Selects all sections of the input image.
Select Indi‐ Selects an individual section.
vidual
Select Range Selects a continuous range of sections.
Select Sever‐ Selects several continuous ranges and individual sections.
al
Select Individual slider
Enter the section that you want to select using the slider or spin box/input field.
button
Adopts the values from the current display. These values can also be found on the Dimensions
tab.
Select Range slider
Enter the first and last section that you want to select using the sliders or spin boxes/input fields.
Interval checkbox
Activated: Interval mode is active. The Interval spin box/input field appears.
Interval spin box/input field
Enter the desired interval here. If you enter the value 2, for example, only every 2nd value from
the range is considered.
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Select Several input field
Enter one or more sections that you want to select in the input field. To do this, enter the first
section, followed by a minus sign, and then the last section. If you want to define an interval,
after the last section enter a colon and then the interval. The entry "2-10:2" means that every
second section is selected from section 2 to section 10.
Enter a comma after the first section if you want to define another section. You can also select
individual sections separated by commas. By entering "2-10:2,14-18,20,23", you select every
second section from section 2 to section 10, followed by sections 14 to 18, as well as sections
20 and 23.
Time section
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
Time Points dropdown list
You can select which time points of the input image you want to be used from the Time Points
dropdown list. The following selection options are available:
All Selects all time points of the input image.
Select Indi‐ Selects an individual time point.
vidual
Select Range Selects a continuous range of time points.
Select Sever‐ Selects several continuous ranges and individual time points.
al
Select Individual slider
Enter the time point that you want to select using the slider or spin box/input field.
button
Adopts the values from the current display. These values can also be found on the Dimensions
tab.
Select Range slider
Enter the first and last time point that you want to select using the sliders or spin boxes/input
fields.
Interval checkbox
Activated: Interval mode is active. The Interval spin box/input field appears.
Interval spin box/input field
Enter the desired interval here. If you enter the value 2, for example, only every 2nd value from
the range is considered.
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Select Several input field
Enter one or more time points that you want to select in the input field. To do this, enter the first
time point, followed by a minus sign, and then the last time point. If you want to define an inter‐
val, after the last time point enter a colon and then the interval. The entry "2-10:2" means that
every second time point is selected from time point 2 to time point 10.
Enter a comma after the first time point if you want to define another time point. You can also
select individual time points separated by commas. By entering "2-10:2,14-18, 20, 23", you se‐
lect every second time point from time point 2 to time point 10, followed by time points 14 to 18,
as well as time points 20 and 23.
Scene section
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
Scene dropdown list
You can select which scenes of the input image you want to be used from the Scene dropdown
list.
All Selects all scenes of the input image.
Select Indi‐ Selects an individual scene.
vidual
Select Range Selects a continuous range of scenes.
Select Sever‐ Selects several continuous scenes and individual scenes.
al
Select Individual slider
Enter the scene that you want to select using the slider or spin box/input field.
button
Adopts the values from the current display. These values can also be found on the Dimensions
tab.
Select Range slider
Enter the first and last scene that you want to select using the sliders or spin boxes/input fields.
Interval checkbox
Activated: Interval mode is active. The Interval spin box/input field appears.
Interval spin box/input field
Enter the desired interval here. If you enter the value 2, for example, only every 2nd value from
the range is considered.
Select Several input field
Enter one or more scenes that you want to select in the input field. To do this, enter the first
scene, followed by a minus sign, and then the last scene. If you want to define an interval, after
the last scene enter a colon and then the interval. The entry "2-10:2" means that every second
scene is selected from scene 2 to scene 10.
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Enter a comma after the first scene if you want to define another scene. You can also select
individual scenes separated by commas. By entering "2-10:2,14-18, 20, 23", you select every
second scene from scene 2 to scene 10, followed by scenes 14 to 18, as well as scenes 20 and
23.
Region section
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
Region dropdown list
You can select which sections of the input image you want to be used from the Region drop‐
down list.
All The entire image is selected.
Region In the current image, drag out the rectangular region that you want to be used using the mouse.
X spin box/input field
Enter the X coordinate of the starting point of the region in the spin box/input field.
Y spin box/input field
Enter the Y coordinate of the starting point of the region in the spin box/input field.
W spin box/input field
Enter the width of the region in the spin box/input field.
H spin box/input field
Enter the height of the region in the spin box/input field.
Export To section
Export To display field
To open the Browse For Folder dialog window, click on the
button to the right of the display
field. Here you can select the folder to which you want to save the image that is being exported.
The path of the export folder is displayed automatically in the display field.
11.7.4 ZVI Export
Using the ZVI Export function you can export your images into ZVI format so that you can con‐
tinue to use them in AxioVision.
11.7.4.1 ZVI Export parameters
Export To display field
To open the Browse For Folder dialog window, click on the
button to the right of the display
field. Here you can select the folder to which you want to save the image that is being exported.
The path of the export folder is displayed automatically in the display field.
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Prefix input field
Here you can edit the prefix specified or enter a new name. The name of the original image is
specified by default.
Defaults button
Resets all settings to the default values.
See also
2 ZVI Export [➙ p.258]
11.7.5 Image Import
Using the Image Import function you can create a multidimensional image (multichannel, Zstack, time lapse, tile, position image) from individual images. The individual images may be in
any of the external formats supported by ZEN (e.g. .bmp, .jpg, .tiff). The resulting image can
then be saved in CZI format and processed further using the functions available in ZEN.
11.7.5.1 Image Import Parameters
In the Image Import Parameters tool you can enter all the settings you need to import multidi‐
mensional images. To select the desired dimension, activate the checkbox in front of the rele‐
vant Section. At least one dimension must be selected. You can enter the settings for each di‐
mension in the individual Sections.
You will find the settings for the import mode, import folder and for identifying your import im‐
ages at the bottom of the tool.
Defaults button
Resets all settings to the default values.
Automatic button
Allows you to import all the images that are available in an import folder automatically.
Sequential button
Allows you to import an image sequence in a certain order (e.g. image dimensions that are en‐
coded by means of numbers in the image name).
Import From display field
button to the right of
Displays the path of the import folder. To select a folder, click on the
the display field. The names of the images are displayed in the File Name list below the display
field.
Folder radio button
Only visible if the Sequential button is activated.
To select a folder, click on the
button to the right of the display field. The names of the
images are displayed in the File Name list below the display field.
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Multipage TIFF Image radio button
Only visible if the Sequential button is activated.
To select a multipage TIFF image, click on the
button to the right of the display field. The
names of the images are displayed in the File Name list below the display field.
See also
2 Image Import [➙ p.259]
Multichannel Image section
In the Multichannel Image section you can enter all the settings you need to import multichannel
images.
Multichannel Image checkbox
Activates the settings to import multichannel images. The C dimension (for multichannel im‐
ages) is displayed automatically in the list in the Specify Name section.
No. column
Displays the channel number.
Dye column
Click on the dropdown list to select a dye. If the desired dye is not available, select the Empty
entry.
Color column
Displays the pseudo color for the dye. To change the color, click on the color field. Select the
desired color from the list.
Name column
Here you can enter a name for the dye. If you have selected a dye from the dropdown list, the
name of the dye will appear automatically in the input field.
button
Shifts the selected channel down a line.
button
Shifts the selected channel up a line.
button
Adds a new channel.
button
Deletes the selected channel.
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button
Opens the Options shortcut menu.
▪ Add
Adds a new channel at the end of the list.
▪ Copy
Copies the selected channel.
▪ Reset Color
Resets the changed color of the selected channel to the default setting.
▪ Delete
Deletes the selected channel.
▪ Delete All
Deletes all channels and resets the first channel to the default settings.
Use Channel Name as Name checkbox
Only visible if the Show All mode is activated.
Uses the name specified in the Name column to identify the channel. The channel name will ap‐
pear in the Preview display field in the Specify Name section.This deactivates the Name, Start
Index and Increment columns in the list.
Z-Stack section
In the Z-Stack section you can enter all the settings you need to import Z-stack images.
Z-Stack checkbox
Activates the settings to import Z-stack images. The Z dimension (for Z-stacks) is displayed au‐
tomatically in the list in the Specify Name section.
Interval spin box/input field
Here you can enter the value in µm for the distance between the individual Z-sections. The total
height of the Z-stack is calculated automatically from this value and the number of sections.
Sections spin box/input field
Here you can enter the number of sections.
The following functions are only visible if the Show All mode is activated:
Interval radio button
Activated: The Interval spin box/input field and the Range display field are visible.
Here you can enter the value in µm for the distance between the individual Z-sections. The total
height of the Z-stack is calculated automatically from this value and the number of sections and
displayed in the Range display field.
Range radio button
Activated: The Range spin box/input field and the Interval display field are visible.
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Here you can enter the total height of the Z-stack in µm. The distance between the individual Zstacks is calculated automatically from this value and the number of sections and displayed in
the Interval display field.
Advanced Parameters checkbox
Activates additional parameters that are necessary for further processing of the imported image
(e.g. for deconvolution).
Magnification dropdown list
Select the objective magnification that was used for acquisition from the dropdown list.
Immersion dropdown list
Select the immersion medium that was used for acquisition from the dropdown list.
Aperture spin box/input field
Here you can enter the value of the numerical aperture of the objective that was used for ac‐
quisition.
Time Series section
In the Time Series section you can enter all the settings you need to import time lapse images.
Time Series checkbox
Activates the settings to import time lapse images. The T dimension (for time series) is dis‐
played automatically in the list in the Specify Name section.
Interval spin box/input field
Here you can enter the value for the Interval between the individual time points. Select the unit
of time from the dropdown list to the right of the spin box/input field.
Time Points spin box/input field
Here you can enter the number of time points.
The duration of the entire time series is calculated automatically from the interval and time
points values.
The following functions are only visible if the Show All mode is activated:
Interval radio button
Activated: The Interval and Time Points spin boxes/input fields and the Duration display field are
visible.
Here you can enter the value for the interval between the individual time points. Select the unit
of time from the dropdown list to the right of the spin box/input field. Enter the number of time
points in the Time Points spin box/input field.
The duration of the entire time series is calculated automatically from the interval and time
points values and displayed in the Duration display field.
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Duration radio button
Activated: The Duration and Time Points spin boxes/input fields and the Interval display field are
visible.
Here you can enter the value for the duration of the entire time series. Select the unit of time
from the dropdown list to the right of the spin box/input field. Enter the number of time points in
the Time Points spin box/input field.
The interval between the individual time points is calculated automatically from the duration and
time points values and displayed in the Interval display field.
Tiles section
Tiles checkbox
Activates the settings to import tile images. The M dimension (for MosaiX/tiles) is displayed au‐
tomatically in the list in the Specify Name section.
Columns spin box/input field
Here you can enter the number of columns of the tile image.
Overlap spin box/input field
Here you can enter the percentage by which the tiles overlap.
Rows spin box/input field
Here you can enter the number of rows of the tile image.
Meander radio button
Select this option if the images to be imported were acquired in the Meander acquisition/travel
mode.
Comb radio button
Select this option if the images to be imported were acquired in the Comb acquisition/travel
mode.
Positions section
In the Positions section you can enter all the settings you need to import scenes.
Positions checkbox
Activates the settings to import images of individual scenes/motorized stage positions. The S
dimension (for Scene) is displayed automatically in the Specify Name field.
No. column
Displays the position number.
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X column
Enter the X coordinate of the position in the spin box/input field.
Y column
Enter the Y coordinate of the position in the spin box/input field.
button
Shifts the selected position down a line.
button
Shifts the selected position up a line.
button
Adds a new position.
button
Deletes the selected position.
button
Opens the Options shortcut menu.
▪ Add
Adds a new position.
▪ Delete
Deletes the selected position.
▪ Delete All
Deletes all positions with the exception of the first position.
Scaling section
To show the section in full, click on the
button.
Lateral Scaling (X) spin box/input field
Here you can enter the geometric scaling value for the X dimension of the image to be impor‐
ted. Select the unit for the scaling value from the dropdown list to the right of the spin box/input
field.
The following functions are only visible if the Show All mode is activated:
Define button
Enter the desired values in the Lateral Scaling (X) spin box/input field and in the Lateral Scaling
(Y) spin box/input field. Select the unit for the scaling value from the dropdown list to the right of
each spin box/input field.
Use Current button
Uses the geometric scaling currently selected and displays the values for Lateral Scaling (X)
and Lateral Scaling (Y) with the corresponding unit in the relevant display field.
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Specify Name section
In the Specify Name section you can enter all the settings you need to identify your images.
Prefix input field
Not available if the Sequential button is activated and the Multipage TIFF Image radio button
has been selected.
Here you can edit the prefix specified or enter a new name. The name of the original image is
specified by default.
Suffix input field
Not available if the Sequential button is activated and the Multipage TIFF Image radio button
has been selected.
Here you have the option of entering a suffix.
Name column
In the input field you can enter the name of the relevant dimension from the original image
name. A capital letter is displayed by default for the image dimension selected in each case
(e.g. C for Channel, T for Time).
Start Index column
Enter the number of the first image in the spin box/input field.
End Index column
Only available if the Sequential button is activated.
Enter the number of the last image in the spin box/input field.
Increment column
Enter the increment in the spin box/input field. This allows you to specify whether you want ev‐
ery image or every xth image to be imported.
Preview display field
Shows the full name of the image (prefix, dimensions, suffix).
Check Consistency button
Not available if the Sequential button is activated and the Multipage TIFF Image radio button
has been selected.
Checks the consistency of the selected settings and marks these in the File Name list.
Carl Zeiss Microscopy GmbH
265
Manual
Glossary
Glossary
Bleaching Correction
The characteristics of a widefield fluorescence
microscope are based on the assumption that all
Z-planes have the same total brightness, irre‐
spective of the focus position. Use is made of
bleaching correction by applying a correction
factor to each Z-plane. However, this assump‐
tion does not apply to techniques that result in
the generation of optical sections, such as confo‐
cal images.
Clipping planes
The purpose of clipping planes is to cut open the
calculated 3D image so that elements on the in‐
side can be visualized. Clipping planes can cut
the volume in such a way that either the front,
back or both sides of the volume data are no lon‐
ger visible. In addition, the clipping plane itself
can be given various textures. This is a very im‐
portant modeling option for analyzing 3D data.
Colocalization
Acquiring fluorescence images in several chan‐
nels makes it possible to visualize the relation‐
ship between biological structures. A combined
display of two channels in color overlay mode
makes it easier to assert whether the compo‐
nents are "colocalized", i.e. whether they are lo‐
cated at the same position. Conventionally, two
fluorescence channels are displayed in the form
of a color-coded overlay. The most common
form is the red/green overlay. Regions in which
both fluorescent dyes are present at the same
place are displayed in yellow. It is not possible,
however, to make quantitative statements con‐
cerning the extent of colocalization on the basis
of this display. At best, a qualitative statement is
possible with regard to whether or not two dyes
are colocalizing. The Colocalization module is
able to fill this gap and presents the user with a
tool that enables colocalization to be determined
quantitatively. Principle: It is always the colocali‐
zation of two channels that is analyzed. Colocali‐
zation results from the pixel-by-pixel comparison
of intensities for each channel.
266
Constrained Iterative
The best image quality is achieved using the iter‐
ative maximum likelihood algorithm (see Schae‐
fer et al.: "Generalized approach for accelerated
maximum likelihood based image restoration ap‐
plied to three-dimensional fluorescence micro‐
scopy", J. of Microscopy, Vol. 204, Pt 2, Novem‐
ber 2001, pp. 99ff.). This algorithm is able to cal‐
culate light from various focal planes back to its
place of origin. Consequently, with this method it
is possible to derive the 3D structure from fluo‐
rescence images with the correct brightness dis‐
tribution and to visualize optical sections. It is al‐
so possible for missing information to be partially
restored from neighboring voxels. The spatial
resolution can be increased without artifacts up
to a theoretical limit (one voxel). It is essential for
Z-stacks to have been acquired in accordance
with Nyquist. Acquiring sufficient planes above
and below the structure of interest is also imper‐
ative for achieving good results. As this is a com‐
plex mathematical method, the calculation can
take longer, depending on the image size and
the PC being used.
Costes
Costes et al. (Biophysical Journal, 2004, vol. 86,
pp 3993-4003) have published a statistical meth‐
od with the help of which an attempt is made to
determine an optimal colocalization threshold
automatically. This takes place by initially maxi‐
mizing the threshold for both channels and then
gradually reducing it. With each step Pearson's
Correlation Coefficient is determined for all pix‐
els below the set value. These steps are repea‐
ted until the Pearson value is minimized (ideally
a value of 0 for perfectly colocalizing channels).
See the publication for further details. This meth‐
od has been implemented in Colocalization.
Clicking on Auto initiates the above iterative
process, which, depending on the sample, can
take several seconds. The threshold now set
corresponds to the confidence criterion calcula‐
ted. This method works very well with large, dif‐
fusely stained structures such as nucleoplasm or
diffuse cytoplasmic structures. Under certain cir‐
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Glossary
cumstances it does not function so well for small
structures (e.g. nuclear speckles or vesicular
structures), particularly in the case of widefield
images, where the signal to background ratio is
not as good as it is with methods that involve the
generation of optical sections (e.g. LSM, TIRF or
ApoTome). The Regions button becomes active
as soon as a region is inserted into the scatter
plot. It remains active as long as regions are se‐
lected or moved there. Activating and deactivat‐
ing the button makes it possible to switch be‐
tween threshold selection using the mouse and
the selection/moving of selected regions in the
scatter plot image. If regions are defined in the
scatter plot, the corresponding data appear in
the table in addition to the overall image.
Display characteristic curve
The display characteristic curve allows you to
define the range of the gray value histogram of
an image that you want to display on the screen.
The limit on the left defines the gray value up to
which all pixels are displayed as pure black
(black value), while the limit on the right defines
the gray value from which all pixels are dis‐
played as pure white (white value). The curva‐
ture of the curve defines the so-called gamma
value.
Dynamic range
The dynamic range describes the number of
brightness gradations that a camera or another
detector is able to distinguish. Modern, scientific
digital CCD cameras, for example, have a dy‐
namic range of up to 2^16 gray levels. In this
case we talk of 16 bit cameras.
Fast Iterative
The "Fast Iterative" method is an iterative resto‐
ration method that uses only one iteration per
convolution step (see Meinel, E. S.: Origins of
linear and nonlinear recursive restoration algo‐
rithms. J.Opt.Soc.Am, 3 (6), 1986, 787-799). No
regularization is used in this case. Due to the
fast processing and convergence after just a few
iterations, this method is suitable in particular for
the processing of larger time lapse images. The
results of the method can quickly lead to good
Carl Zeiss Microscopy GmbH
Manual
results and remove most of the out-of-focus light.
They do not, however, create quantitative bright‐
ness conditions in the image. If undersampled
images are present, artifact formation may also
result.
Field Feature
A field feature is calculated for all segmented ob‐
jects of a class. The geometric or intensity pa‐
rameters of all objects of the class, e.g. the area
or the average intensity, are added together. In
addition, all objects can be counted, for example,
or the area of the objects in relation to the total
image area can be calculated as a percentage.
Gamma value
The gamma value makes it possible to correct
the display of images on computer screens
which do not allow the linear display of gray val‐
ue curves. By changing the gamma value you
can emphasize certain intensity ranges within
your image when it is displayed on the screen. A
value <1 emphasizes the ranges of medium pix‐
el intensity (medium gray values), while a value
>1 emphasizes the dark and bright pixel intensi‐
ties and therefore increases the contrast. The
recommended settings are 0.8 for fluorescence
images, 1.2 for phase contrast or DIC images
and 0.45 for true color images. Please bear in
mind that a "correct" gamma value setting de‐
pends on numerous parameters, such as screen
settings, ambient brightness, etc., and a univer‐
sal setting cannot therefore be given.
Gaussian Distribution
The emission of fluorescent light in fact follows a
Poisson distribution. If, however, detector noise
predominates during imaging, or the image data
are only just above the camera noise and there‐
fore very dark, a normal distribution according to
Gauss tends to apply to such images.
Generalized Cross Validation (GCV)
Regularization, which lessens the influence of
noise during restoration, is normally controlled
by a parameter that in most cases is determined
heuristically via trial and error. The "generalized
cross validation" (GCV) method makes it possi‐
267
Manual
Glossary
ble to estimate this parameter even under the
complex conditions of Poisson maximum likeli‐
hood minimization.
Halo effect
Image display
A maximum range of 256 gray levels (black and
white image) or 16 million colors can normally be
displayed on a screen. Modern digital cameras
capture a much larger range: black and white
cameras up to 65536 values and color cameras
theoretically up to (65536)3 colors (281 billion).
The display of these gray values/colors therefore
needs to be adjusted for the monitor by the user.
For this adjustment an upper and a lower gray/
color value are defined. All gray/color values be‐
tween these limits are displayed on the monitor
within the 256 gray values/16 million colors that
can be represented.
Lamp Flicker
This phenomenon mainly occurs if fluorescent
arc lamps are operated for a long period of time.
Under certain circumstances alternating darker
and brighter layers can then appear in the Z di‐
rection in Z-stacks. This effect may prevent 3D
deconvolution from being usefully applied, for
example.
Maximum mode
In the case of a maximum intensity projection,
only the pixels with the highest intensity are dis‐
played along the observation axis. This view is
well suited to the two-dimensional display of
three-dimensional images, e.g. in publications,
one reason being that a maximum transparency
effect is only visible in this mode.
Mixed mode
In Mixed mode, a volume can be displayed in
both Surface mode and Transparency mode. In
the case of multichannel images, for example,
structures inside a cell, such as FISH signals or
nucleoli, can be displayed in Surface mode and
the cytoplasm around these structures can be
268
displayed transparently in another channel. This
means that even highly complex spatial relation‐
ships can be shown convincingly.
Nearest Neighbor
The Nearest Neighbor method uses the simplest
and fastest algorithm (Castleman, K.R., Digital
Image Processing, Prentice-Hall, 1979). Its func‐
tion is based on subtraction of the out-of-focus
information in each plane of a stack, taking the
neighboring sections above and below the cor‐
rected Z-plane into account. This method is ap‐
plied sequentially to each plane of the entire 3D
stack. It allows you to enhance contrast quickly,
even if image stacks have not been put together
optimally.
Nyquist Criterion
The Nyquist criterion states that a signal must be
detected with at least double precision in order
to reliably acquire all the frequencies in the sig‐
nal. In the case of images acquired with coarser
resolution, undesired effects such as aliasing
may otherwise result. For the deconvolution of
microscope images, this means, in practical
terms, that images should be acquired with a
pixel resolution that is at least double the optical
resolution, both in the lateral and axial direction.
Object Feature
An object feature is calculated for an individual
segmented object. It describes a geometric or in‐
tensity property of the object, e.g. its area or its
average intensity.
Point Spread Function ("PSF")
All optoelectronic effects that influence the crea‐
tion of a microscope image can be described
mathematically in the form of the point spread
function (PSF). If the PSF is known, deconvolu‐
tion can be used to largely remove the negative
effects from microscope images. There are three
possible ways to determine the PSF: theoretical‐
ly through knowledge of the key optical parame‐
ters, experimentally through measurement using
fluorescent beads of a known diameter, or blind‐
ly using a method that works with less prior
knowledge. In ZEN the theoretical model accord‐
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Glossary
ing to Lanni and Gibson has been implemented,
which also models asymmetries like those that
can arise due to spherical aberrations (see S. F.
Gibson, F. Lanni, "Experimental test of an ana‐
lytical model of aberration in an oil-immersion
objective lens used in three-dimensional light mi‐
croscopy", J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, vol. 8, no. 10, pp.
1601-1613, October 1991).
Poisson Distribution
The emission of photons by fluorochromes fol‐
lows a statistical distribution, known as a Pois‐
son distribution. This is the preferred model tak‐
en as the basis for the deconvolution calculation.
It applies if the predominant proportion of image
noise is caused by shot noise ("salt and pepper
noise"). This assumption applies to images that
have been acquired using good, low-noise de‐
tectors, the dynamic range of which has been
utilized to a certain extent.
Pseudo color assignment
In fluorescence microscopy, pseudo color as‐
signment describes the assignment of any artifi‐
cially selected color to the channel of a multi‐
channel fluorescence image. As it is mostly mon‐
ochrome cameras (which produce black and
white images rather than "true colors") that are
used in this area of application, we talk of pseu‐
do coloring.
Regularization
Working with real microscope images that are af‐
fected by noise leads to considerable difficulties
with the practical application of deconvolution
methods, which is why regularization (e.g. ac‐
cording to Tikhonov-Miller-Phillips) is essential.
Regularization is a method that lessens the influ‐
ence of noise by means of various penalty
terms. Stronger regularization leads to weaker
restoration and weaker regularization to stronger
restoration, although in this case noise is also in‐
tensified.
Manual
viding the Fourier transformation ("FT") of the
volume by the FT of the PSF, which can be per‐
formed very quickly. In the real space this corre‐
sponds to deconvolution. In addition, a statistical
method ("General Cross Validation – GCV") is
applied, which determines the noise component
of the image and automatically sets the restora‐
tion strength to the optimum level in line with
this. This process is also known as regulariza‐
tion. The method is very well suited to the pro‐
cessing of several image stacks in order to pre‐
select images for the application of the iterative
"high-end" method. Z-stacks must, however,
have been acquired at the correct (Nyquist) dis‐
tance. The additional acquisition of Z-planes
above and below the structure of interest is rec‐
ommended.
Render Series
To display a 3D volume on the screen, each im‐
age must be recalculated. This takes time and,
in the case of large images, cannot be done in‐
teractively. You can, however, have a series of
individual images calculated which represent the
animation that you want. Such an image series
can be displayed considerably faster and more
fluidly than is possible interactively on the screen
as, in this case, the views no longer have to be
rerendered. Furthermore, an image series like
this lends itself extremely well to being exported
as a film.
Shadow mode
In Shadow mode the structures in the image are
illuminated by means of a virtual light source.
The image stack is viewed from above, as if
through the microscope's eyepiece, and a shad‐
ow is projected onto a virtual base (in the image
background). This gives the data a reference in
relation to the space, which makes visualization
easier. The impression of a three-dimensional
structure is created from the combination of light
being reflected and opacity (degree of impene‐
trability to light) and the casting of a shadow.
Regularized Inverse Filter
The inverse filter is a genuine 3D method and
generally achieves better results than the Near‐
est Neighbor algorithm. It essentially involves di‐
Carl Zeiss Microscopy GmbH
269
Manual
Glossary
SmartSetup
Smart Setup offers you support when configuring
multichannel acquisition experiments. Select the
fluorescent dyes and contrast techniques that
you want to include in your experiment from a
large dye database. Smart Setup takes the con‐
figuration of your microscope hardware and the
properties of the selected dyes into account.
Based on this information it makes one or more
suggestions for acquisition. You can adopt these
into your experiment as required and make fur‐
ther changes to them there.Smart Setup also
configures the motorized components of your
system for the acquisition of multichannel im‐
ages. It does not, however, influence any cam‐
era parameters (e.g. exposure time or resolu‐
tion) and also does not change any parameters
of other acquisition dimensions (e.g. Z-stack,
time series or multiposition acquisitions).
Spherical Aberration
Every objective requires the use of a defined im‐
mersion medium to deliver the best optical reso‐
lution. In microscopy practice, particularly in the
area of biosciences, it is not always possible,
however, to embed the sample in a medium with
the correct refractive index. When light enters
the embedding medium with the wrong refractive
index this results in "spherical aberration". The
PSF becomes more asymmetrical the further
away from the cover slip it is measured. In prac‐
tical terms this becomes noticeable in the form of
an increasing loss of brightness as the distance
from the cover slip increases. It is possible to
compensate for spherical aberration either by
using objectives with correction rings or objec‐
tives that have been calculated for certain em‐
bedding media (e.g. aqueous solutions). Within
certain limits, however, spherical aberration can
also be compensated for during deconvolution,
by taking the parameters responsible for this ef‐
fect into consideration when calculating the theo‐
retical PSF. For further details see S. F. Gibson,
F. Lanni, "Experimental test of an analytical
model of aberration in an oil-immersion objective
270
lens used in three-dimensional light microscopy",
J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, vol. 8, no. 10, pp.
1601-1613, October 1991.
Surface mode
The two modes previously described display the
data with soft transitions or with a transparent
character, depending on the setting. In Surface
mode, the program calculates solid surfaces
("isosurfaces") from the gray values, which em‐
phasizes particularly flat structures (e.g. cell
walls of plant cells). This display can be used if
you want to draw attention to certain structures,
while other, internal structures are hidden.
Threshold
Which threshold is the correct one is a question
that is frequently asked. Unfortunately it is not
possible to give a definitive answer to this ques‐
tion, particularly because this often depends on
the problem and the properties of the sample.
Generally speaking it can only be said that the
best approach is to determine the thresholds us‐
ing appropriate control samples, e.g. samples
without colocalization as a negative control and
samples with biologically relevant colocalization
as a positive control. Thresholds determined in
this way can, under certain circumstances, be
transferred to the sample of interest.
Transparency mode
In Transparency mode a three-dimensional im‐
age is calculated with a transparency effect. At
least two 2D texture stacks are calculated for
this from different views, which are used de‐
pending on the position angle. In contrast to
Shadow mode, in this case the scene is illumina‐
ted from behind by diffuse, white light. Using the
setting options, in this mode you can "mix" sev‐
eral channels with one another and also make
information visible inside a structure. This view is
therefore particularly well suited to visualizing
the spatial relationship between structures within
the image.
Printed 06/2012
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