AIC2857F

AIC2857F
AIC2857F
2A 23V Synchronous Step-Down Converter
 FEATURES
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 DESCRIPTION
The AIC2857F is a synchronous step-down
regulator with an integrated Power MOSFET. It
achieves 2A continuous output current over a
wide input supply range with excellent load
and line regulation.
2A Continuous Output Current
Programmable Soft Start
130mΩ Internal Power MOSFET Switches
Stable with Low ESR Output Ceramic Capacitors
Up to 93% Efficiency
<1µA Supply Current in Shutdown Mode
Fixed 340KHz Frequency
Thermal Shutdown
Cycle by Cycle Over Current Protection
Wide 4.75 to 23V Operating Input Range
Output Adjustable from 0.925V to 12V
Under Voltage Lockout
Current mode operation provides fast transient
response and eases loop stabilization.
Fault condition protection includes cycle-bycycle current limiting and thermal shutdown.
Adjustable soft-start reduces the stress on the
input source and the output overshoot at turnon. In shutdown mode, the regulator draws
1µA or less of supply current.
 APPLICATIONS

Networking Systems such as Modems &
Routers
Distributed Power Systems
Pre-Regulator for Linear Regulators.

Set-top Box


The AIC2857F is available in SOP8 and SOP8 with Exposed Pad Package.
 TYPICAL APPLICATIONS CIRCUIT
12V
U1
2
OFF
ON
7
6
4
C1
10uF
Cc
3.9nF
Rc
9.1k
C6
IN
EN
COMP
GND
BS
SW
FB
SS
1
3
10nF
5V
L1
15uH
5
C3
22uF
8
R1
44.2k
AIC2857 F
C5
10nF
R2
10k
Typical Application Circuit
Analog Integrations Corporation
Si-Soft Research Center
DS-2857FG-02
20120103
3A1, No.1, Li-Hsin Rd. I, Science Park, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan, R.O.C.
TEL: 886-3-5772500
FAX: 886-3-5772510
www.analog.com.tw
1
AIC2857F

ORDERING INFORMATION
AIC2857FXXX XX
PIN CONFIGURATION
SOP-8
TOP VIEW
PACKING TYPE
TR: TAPE & REEL
TB: TUBE
PACKAGING TYPE
S8: SOP-8
R8: SOP-8 Exposed Pad
BS
1
IN
2
8 SS
7 EN
SW
3
6 COMP
GND 4
5 FB
G: GREEN PACKAGE
SOP-8 Exposed Pad (Heat Sink)
TOP VIEW
Example:
AIC2857FGR8TR
 GREEN SOP-8 Exposed Pad (Heat
Sink) Package and TAPE & REEL
Packing Type
BS
1
8 SS
IN
2
7 EN
SW 3
6 COMP
G ND 4
5 FB
Note:
The exposed pad must be connected with
GND pin

ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINS
Input Voltage (VIN)............................................................................................................... -0.3V to 26V
SW pin Voltage (VSW).................................................................................................... -1V to VIN +0.3V
BS Pin Voltage .........................................................................................................VSW-0.3V toVSW+6V
EN Pin Voltage...................................................................................................................... -0.3V to VIN
All Other Pins Voltage ........................................................................................................... -0.3V to 6V
Operating Ambient Temperature Range TA ......................................................................... -40ºC~85ºC
Operating Maximum Junction Temperature TJ ............................................................................. 150ºC
Storage Temperature Range TSTG ..................................................................................... -65ºC~150ºC
Lead Temperature (Soldering 10 Sec.) ........................................................................................ 260ºC
Thermal Resistance Junction to Case
SOP-8 ....................................................................40C/W
SOP-8 Exposed Pad* ...........................................15C/W
Thermal Resistance Junction to Ambient
SOP-8 ..................................................................160C/W
SOP-8 Exposed Pad* ...........................................60C/W
(Assume no Ambient Airflow)
Absolute Maximum Ratings are those values beyond which the life of a device may be impaired.
*The package is place on a two layers PCB with 2 ounces copper and 2 square inch, connected by 8 vias.
2
AIC2857F
■ ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(VIN=12V, VEN =5V, TA=25C, unless otherwise specified.) (Note1)
PARAMETER
Shutdown Supply Current
Supply Current
Feedback Voltage
Feedback Overvoltage Threshold
Error Amplifier Voltage Gain
Error Amplifier Transconductance
High-Side Switch On-Resistance
Low-Side Switch On-Resistance
High-Side Switch Leakage Current
Upper Switch Current Limit
Lower Switch Current Limit
COMP to Current Sense
Transconductance
Oscillation Frequency
Short Circuit Oscillation Frequency
Maximum Duty Cycle
Minimum On Time
EN Shutdown Threshold Voltage
EN Shutdown Threshold Voltage
Hysteresis
Under Voltage Lockout Threshold
Under Voltage Lockout Threshold
Hysteresis
Soft-Start Current
Soft-Start Period
Thermal Shutdown
SYMBOL
VFB
CONDITIONS
VEN = 0V
VFB= 1.0V
4.75V ≤ VIN ≤ 23V
AEA
GEA
ΔICOMP =  10A
MIN
0.90
RDS (ON) 1
RDS (ON) 2
VEN = 0V, VSW = 0V
Minimum Duty Cycle
From Drain to Source
2.7
GCS
5.2
fOSC
DMAX
TON
TYP MAX UNITS
0.3
3
A
1.3
1.5
mA
0.925 0.950
V
1.1
V
400
V/V
820
A/V
130
m
130
m
0
10
A
3.4
A
0.9
A
300
VFB= 0V
VFB= 0.8V
VEN Rising
VIN Rising
VSS = 0V
CSS = 0.1F
1.1
3.7
340
110
90
220
1.5
A/V
380
2.2
KHz
KHz
%
ns
V
220
mV
4.1
V
210
mV
6
15
160
A
ms
C
Note 1: Specifications are production tested at TA=25C. Specifications over the -40C to 85C operating temperature range are assured by design, characterization and correlation with Statistical
Quality Controls (SQC).
Note 2: It is recommended to use duty ratio above 10% for minimizing resultant duty cycle jitter.
Note 3: It is recommended to connect a soft start capacitor to soft start pin. Leave the soft start pin open
may cause large inrush current and output overshooting.
3
AIC2857F

TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
100
VIN=12V, VOUT=3.3V,
Css=10n
Vout=5.0V
EN
80
Efficiency ( % )
Vout=3.3V
Vout=1.8V
60
Vout=1.2V
VOUT
40
ILX
20
VSW
0
0.0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
Output ( A )
Fig. 1 Efficiency vs. Load Current at VIN = 12V
Fig. 2 Start-Up Waveform at VOUT=3.3V, IOUT=0A
VIN=12V, VOUT=3.3V,
Css=10n
EN
EN
VIN=12V, VOUT=3.3V,
Css=10n
VOUT
VOUT
ILX
ILX
VSW
VSW
Fig. 3 Start-Up Waveform at VOUT=3.3V, IOUT=2A
VIN=12V, VOUT=3.3V, Css=10n
Load=2A resistive load
Fig. 4 Shutdown Waveform at VOUT=3.3V, IOUT=0A
VOUT
VIN=12V, VOUT=3.3V, Css=10n
Load=1A to 2A step
EN
VOUT
ILX
ILX
ILOAD
VSW
Fig. 5 Shutdown Waveform at VOUT=3.3V, IOUT=2A
Fig. 6 Load Transient at VOUT=3.3V, IOUT=1A to 2A
4
AIC2857F
 TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS (Continued)
VIN=12V, VOUT=3.3V
VIN=12V, VOUT=3.3V
VOUT
VOUT
ILX
ILX
Fig. 7 Short Circuit Waveforms
VIN
VIN=12V, VOUT=3.3V,
Css=10n
Fig. 8 Short Circuit Recovery Waveforms
VIN
VOUT
VOUT
VSW
VSW
VIN=12V, VOUT=3.3V,
Css=10n
ILX
ILX
Fig. 9 Stability Waveform at VOUT=3.3V, IOUT=0A
Fig. 10 Stability Waveform at VOUT=3.3V, IOUT=2A
5
AIC2857F

BLOCK DIAGRAM
Functional Block Diagram of AIC2857F
6
AIC2857F

PIN DESCRIPTIONS
Pin 1: BS:
High Side Gate Drive Boost Input.
BS supplies the drive for the highside N-Channel MOSFET switch.
Connect a 10nF or greater capaitor from SW to BS to power the
high-side switch.
Pin 2: IN:
Power Input. IN supplies the
power to the IC, as well as the
step-down converter switches.
Drive IN with a 4.75 to 23V power
source. By pass IN to GND with a
suitably large capacitor to eliminate noise on the input to the IC.
Pin 3: SW:
Power Switching Output. SW is
the switching node that supplies
power to the output. Connect the
output LC filter from switch to the
output load. Note that a capacitor
is required from SW to BS to
power the high-side switch.
Pin 4:GND:
Ground. Connect the exposed
pad on backside to Pin 4.
Pin 5: FB:
Feedback Input. FB senses the
output voltage to regulate that
voltage. Drive feedback with a
resistive voltage divider from the
output voltage.
Pin 6: COMP:
Compensation Node. COMP is
used to compensate the regulation control loop. Connect a series RC network form COMP to
GND to compensate the regulation control loop. In some cases,
an additional capacitor from
COMP to GND is required.
Pin 7: EN:
Enable Input. EN is a digital input
that turns the regulator on or off.
Drive EN high to turn on the
regulator. Drive it low to turn it off.
For automatic strat-up, attach to
IN with a 100k pull up resistor.
Pin 8: SS:
Soft Star Control Input. SS controls the soft star period. Connect
a capacitor from SS to GND to
set the soft-star period. A 0.1F
capacitor sets the soft-star period
to 15ms.
7
AIC2857F

APPLICATION INFORMATIONS
The AIC2857F is a synchronous high voltage buck
converter that can support the input voltage range from
4.75V to 23V and the output current can be up to 2A.
IPEAK  IOUT max  

VOUT 
V
1  OUT 
2  fOSC  L 
VIN 
Soft-Start
Setting the Output Voltage
The AIC2857F provides the soft-start function. Initially,
The output voltage is set using a resistive voltage
the voltage at SS pin is 0V. Then an internal current
divider connected from the output voltage to FB. The
source of 6A (typ.) charges an external soft-start ca-
voltage divider divides the output voltage down to the
pacitor. During the soft-start period, the voltage at SS
feedback voltage by the ratio:
pin will limit the feedback threshold voltage at FB pin.
When the voltage at SS pin is higher than 0.925V, the
VFB = VOUT
R2
R1 + R2
feedback threshold voltage at FB pin reaches the desired value. The soft-start time can be calculated in
Thus the output voltage is:
VOUT = 0.925 ×
R1 + R2
R2
For example, for a 3.3V output voltage, R2 is 10kΩ,
and R1 is 26.1kΩ.
accordance with the following equation.
t SS = C5 ×
0.925 V
6μA
The soft-start capacitor is discharged to GND when the
EN pin is connected to GND.
Optional Schottky Diode
Inductor
The inductor selection depends on the current ripple of
inductor, the input voltage, and the output voltage.
A Schottky diode with low forward drop voltage and
fast reverse recovery is the ideal choice for better
efficiency. The forward drop voltage of a Schottky
L
VOUT
fOSC  IL


V
1  OUT 
VIN 

Accepting a large current ripple of inductor allows the
use of a smaller inductance. However, higher current
ripple of inductor can cause higher output ripple
voltage and large core loss. By setting an acceptable
current ripple of inductor, a suitable inductance can be
diode will result in the conduction losses in the diode,
and the diode capacitance (CT or CD) will cause the
switching losses. Therefore, it is necessary to consider
both forward voltage drop and diode capacitance for
diode selection. In addition, the rating of selected
Schottky diode should be able to handle the input
voltage and the maximum peak diode current.
obtained from above equation.
Input Capacitor and Output Capacitor
In addition, it is important to ensure the inductor
To prevent the high input voltage ripple and noise
saturation current exceeds the peak value of inductor
resulted from high frequency switching, the use of low
current in application to prevent core saturation. The
ESR ceramic capacitor for the maximum RMS current
peak value of inductor current can be calculated
is recommended. The approximated RMS current of
according to the following equation.
the input capacitor can be calculated according to the
following equation.
8
AIC2857F
2
ICINRMS  IOUT
(MAX ) 
VOUT VIN  VOUT 
2
VIN

IL2
12
FP1 =
1
2π × C3 × RLOAD
The system has one zero of importance, due to the
The selection of output capacitor depends on the
required output voltage ripple. The output voltage
compensation capacitor, Cc and the compensation
resistor, Rc. This zero is located at:
ripple can be expressed as:
ΔVOUT =
ΔIL
8 × f OSC × C3
+ ESR
FZ1 =
ΔIL
1
2π × Cc × Rc
The system may have another zero of importance, if
For lower output voltage ripple, the use of low ESR
the output capacitor has a large capacitance and/or a
ceramic capacitor is recommended. The tantalum
high ESR value. The zero, due to the ESR and capaci-
capacitor can also be used well, but its ERS is larger
tance of the output capacitor, is located at:
than that of ceramic capacitor.
When
choosing
the
input
and
output
ceramic
FESR =
1
2π × C3 × RESR
capacitors, X5R and X7R types are recommended
In this case, a third pole set by the compensation ca-
because they retain their capacitance over wider
pacitor, C7 and the compensation resistor, Rc is used
ranges of voltage and temperature than other types.
to compensate the effect of the ESR zero on the loop
Loop Compensation
gain. This pole is located at:
FP 2 =
1
2π × C7 × Rc
The values of the compensation components given in
this data sheet yield a stable control loop for the given
output voltage and capacitor. If different conversions
and output capacitors are requires, some values of the
In order to avoid the poor output voltage ripple and low
efficiency caused by instability, AIC2857F requires a
compensation components may need to be adjusted to
ensure stability.
proper external compensation network to compensate
its feedback loop. In this external compensation
Layout Consideration
network, the compensation resistor, RC, and the
In order to ensure a proper operation of AIC2857F, the
compensation capacitor, CC, are used to set the high-
following points should be managed comprehensively.
frequency integrator gain and the integrator zero. C7 is
1. The input capacitor and VIN should be placed as
used to cancel the zero caused by the output capacitor
close as possible to each other to reduce the input
and it’s ESR. While using the ceramic capacitor as the
voltage ripple and noise.
output capacitor, C7 can be omitted due to the small
2. The output loop, which is consisted of the inductor,
ESR.
the internal power switch, the Schottky diode and
The system has one pole of importance, due to the
the output capacitor, should be kept as small as
output capacitor, C3 and the load resistor. This poles
possible.
is located at:
3. The routes with large current should be kept short
and wide.
9
AIC2857F
4. Logically the large current on the converter should
flow at the same direction.
5. In order to prevent the effect from noise, the IC’s
GND pin should be placed close to the ground of
the input bypass capacitor.
6. The FB pin should be connected to the feedback
resistors directly and the route should be away
from the noise sources.
10
AIC2857F

PHYSICAL DIMENSIONS
 SOP-8
h X 45°
A
A
SEE VIEW B
A
e
H
E
D
WITH PLATING
0.25
C
A1
B
GAUGE PLANE
SEATING PLANE
θ
L
VIEW B
BASE METAL
SECTION A-A
Note: 1. Refer to JEDEC MS-012AA.
2. Dimension "D" does not include mold flash, protrusions
or gate burrs. Mold flash, protrusion or gate burrs shall not
exceed 6 mil per side .
3. Dimension "E" does not include inter-lead flash or protrusions.
4. Controlling dimension is millimeter, converted inch
dimensions are not necessarily exact.
S
Y
M
B
O
L
SOP-8
MILLIMETERS
MIN.
MAX.
A
1.35
1.75
A1
0.10
0.25
B
0.33
0.51
C
0.19
0.25
D
4.80
5.00
E
3.80
e
4.00
1.27 BSC
H
5.80
6.20
h
0.25
0.50
L
0.40
1.27
θ
0°
8°
11
AIC2857F
 SOP-8 Exposed Pad(Heat Sink)
D
D1
EXPOSED THERMAL PAD(Heat Sink)
(BOTTOM CENTER OF PACKAGE)
h X 45°
A
A
SEE VIEW B
A
e
H
E
E1
WITH PLATING
0.25
C
A1
B
GAUGE PLANE
SEATING PLANE

L
VIEW B
BASE METAL
SECTION A-A
Note : 1. Refer to JEDEC MS-012E.
2. Dimension "D" does not include mold flash, protrusions
or gate burrs. Mold flash, protrusion or gate burrs shall not
exceed 6 mil per side .
3. Dimension "E" does not include inter-lead flash or protrusions.
4. Controlling dimension is millimeter, converted inch
dimensions are not necessarily exact.
S
Y
M
B
O
L
SOP-8 Exposed Pad(Heat Sink)
MILLIMETERS
MIN.
MAX.
A
1.35
1.75
A1
0.00
0.15
B
0.31
0.51
C
0.17
0.25
D
4.80
5.00
D1
1.50
3.50
E
3.80
4.00
E1
1.0
e
2.55
1.27 BSC
H
5.80
6.20
h
0.25
0.50
L
0.40
1.27
θ
0°
8°
Note:
Information provided by AIC is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, we cannot assume responsibility for use of any
circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in an AIC product; nor for any infringement of patents or other rights of third parties that may result from its use. We reserve the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice.
Life Support Policy: AIC does not authorize any AIC product for use in life support devices and/or systems. Life support devices or
systems are devices or systems which, (I) are intended for surgical implant into the body or (ii) support or sustain life, and whose failure
to perform, when properly used in accordance with instructions for use provided in the labeling, can be reasonably expected to result in
a significant injury to the user.
12
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