Chapter 5

Chapter 5
Lesson 8
Lesson 8
Understanding Backup and Recovery Methods
Learning Objectives
Students will learn to:
 Understand Local, Online, and Automated Backup Methods
 Understand Backup Options
 Understand System Restore
 Understand Recovery Boot Options
 Understand Safe Mode Options
ODN Skills





Understanding local, online, and automated backup methods.
Understanding backup options.
Understanding System Restore.
Understanding recovery boot options.
Understanding Safe Mode options.
6.1.1
6.1.2
6.1.3
6.1.4
6.1.5
Lesson Summary — Lecture Notes
Lesson 8 helps students understand details of protecting data and the Windows 7 system
through backup and recovery, images, a system repair disc, System Restore, recovery
boot options, and Safe Mode options.
Begin the lecture by describing file backup and restore. A backup is a properly secured
copy of files and folders—and sometimes settings—usually saved in a compressed
format. A backup is created so you can restore the files and settings in the event of data
loss from a hard disk failure, accidental erasure or disk formatting, or natural events.
Windows Backup uses the Backup and Restore utility that comes with many Windows
versions and enables you to back up and recover files. You can automatic backups by
scheduling them to run daily, weekly, or monthly. Discuss the types of media you can use
for to store backup files, and that files can be backed up over a network using Windows 7
Professional, Ultimate, or Enterprise. Open Backup and Restore and demonstrate how to
create a small backup and the scheduling process.
Also cover the restore process. Point out that you can restore a single file, folder, or an
entire drive’s worth of files/folders. You can also choose to restore them to their original
locations or a different location.
You can also access a previous version of a file by right-clicking the file in Windows
Explorer and choosing Restore previous version. Each time a file is saved with changes,
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Lesson 8
a previous version is created so that you can roll back to an earlier version of a document
in case the document becomes corrupted or you just want to view what has changed. If
you choose to restore the document, it will be restored to its original location.
Next, discuss system images. A system image is an image of an entire hard drive that
includes all files needed to restore your operating system. By default, a system image
includes the Windows folder, all system settings, programs, and files. If the drive your
operating system resides on fails or the computer fails for any reason, you can use a
system image on the same machine (replacing the hardware that caused the failure) or
another machine to get your users back up and running as quickly as possible.
You can store the system image on a CD/DVD, hard drive, USB drive, or a network
location. Explain that there are two methods for creating a system image:

Creating a system image as part of the automatic Windows Backup process

Creating a system image manually, which involves running the backup wizard
and selecting the drives you want to include in the image
Show how to create a system image by clicking the Create a system image command in
the left pane of the Backup and Restore page.
Once students understand images, begin a discussion of how to repair a Windows
installation. A system repair disc is a bootable disc you create in Windows 7 that contains
Windows system recovery tools. You can use the repair disc to attempt to start a failed
computer, or to restore a computer from a system image. You can create a system repair
disc, or use the recovery tools on the Windows installation media. Many manufacturers
also include recovery tools on a special partition or volume on the primary hard disk, and
provide a graphical user interface to access the tools. Be sure to show the students how to
create a system repair disc using the Create a system repair disc command in the left
pane of the Backup and Restore window.
Restoring a system image is usually necessary because of a computer catastrophe or to
get a new computer up and running quickly. If a computer has crashed and you have a
spare computer (or you can replace the hardware—such as a drive—that caused the
crash), restoring the system image can be a quick fix. There are three methods for
restoring a system image:

Restoring a system image using the Recovery applet in Control Panel

Restoring a system image using preinstalled recovery options

Restoring a system image using a Windows installation or system repair disc
Show the steps that lead up to restoring an image using the Recovery applet in Control
panel. Show the Advanced Boot Options menu used for recovering using preinstalled
recovery options. Then show the menu for restorations using the system repair disc.
System Restore uses the System Protection feature to create restore points. Restore points
can be used to roll back your system to an earlier point in time; they are created
automatically on a weekly basis and any time you make a change to your computer (such
as installing a new application or device driver).
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Lesson 8
Explain how to create restore points, and how to restore an image using System Restore.
Also describe how to undo a System Restore or roll back a restore in case the results are
not what you expected.
Explain how to perform an advanced recovery and the two primary options:

Use a system image you created earlier to recover your computer. Choose this
option if you have a system image; this option re-installs your applications and
system settings also. If you do not have a system image backup, choose the
Reinstall Windows option.

Reinstall Windows (requires Windows installation disc). This option sets the
machine back to ground zero (before you installed any applications or created any
folders/files). If you have a backup, you can reinstall Windows and then restore
your files from a backup.
Finally, describe recovery boot options, also called advanced startup options. They
provide tools to help you repair a broken Windows 7 installation. The options are found
on the Advanced Boot Options page, which you access when the computer first begins to
boot by pressing the F8 key. (It may be easier to press and hold the F8 key as soon as the
computer begins to boot.) Be sure to describe each recovery boot option and situations in
which they’re typically used.
Key Terms
backup - A properly secured copy of files and folders—and sometimes settings—usually
saved in a compressed format. A backup is created so a user can restore the files and
settings in the event of data loss from a hard disk failure, accidental erasure or disk
formatting, or natural events.
image - An exact replica of a computer at the time the image was taken.
recovery boot options - Tools that help a user repair a broken Windows 7 installation.
Also referred to as advanced startup options.
system repair disc - A bootable disc a user creates in Windows 7 that contains Windows
system recovery tools. The user can use the repair disc to attempt to start a failed
computer, or to restore a computer from a system image.
restore - The process of returning a computer, or select files and folders, to a previous
state, usually after some type of failure. A backup is created so a user can restore the files
and settings in the event of data loss from a hard disk failure, accidental erasure or disk
formatting, or natural events.
restore point - A snapshot of a computer system at some point in time. In Windows 7,
System Restore uses the System Protection feature to create restore points. Restore points
can be used to roll back a system to an earlier point in time.
system image - An image of an entire hard drive that includes all files needed to restore
an operating system. By default in Windows 7, a system image includes the Windows
folder, all system settings, programs, and files.
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Lesson 8
System Restore - A Windows system protection feature that allows a user to create and
manage restore points.
Volume Shadow Copy service - A Windows service that allows users to create restore
points and backups of their systems.
Windows Backup - A Windows features that uses the Backup and Restore utility to back
up and recover files.
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Lesson 8
Lesson 8
Understanding Backup and
Recovery Methods
Knowledge Assessment
Multiple Choice
Circle the letter that corresponds to the best answer.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Backups of your data can be stored on which of the following? (Choose all
that apply)
a.
CD/DVD
b.
The same drive you are storing the backup on
c.
USB
d.
Hard drives
e.
Network
f.
Tape drives
When restoring a file using the Previous Versions feature, the permissions
are set to which of the following?
a.
Permissions of the person restoring the file
b.
Full control to the person who is restoring the file
c.
Original permissions
d.
Whatever you set them to be
Which of the following can be included in a system image backup? (Choose
all that apply)
a.
User data
b.
The operating system
c.
All drives
d.
Data stored on a network server
What happens if you run out of disk space while creating a system image
backup?
a.
The process fails
b.
You are prompted to delete files
c.
Temporary files and folders are deleted to make room for the new
system image
d.
Older system images are deleted to make room for the new system
images.
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Lesson 8
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Which of the following can be used to perform a system restore? (Choose
all that apply)
a.
Command prompt
b.
Recovery Control Panel
c.
Preinstalled recovery options
d.
System repair disc
You have performed a system restore from a restore point but your issue
was not resolved. In fact, your computer is in even worse shape. Now the
computer doesn't boot. Which of the following options are likely to restore
the system? (Choose all that apply)
a.
Roll back to another restore point
b.
Manually delete all files that changed
c.
Undo the System Restore
d.
Restart the machine
Which of the following methods can be used to access the recovery boot
options? (Choose all that apply)
a.
Using Administrative Tools
b.
Pressing F8 during the boot process
c.
Using the Backup and Restore tool
d.
Booting from a Windows Installation disc
Which of the following recovery boot options runs only on a domain
controller and does nothing for Windows 7?
a.
Safe Mode
b.
Disable Driver Signature enforcement
c.
Directory Services Restore Mode
d.
Enable Low-resolution Video
When scheduling automatic backups in Windows Backup, which of the
following can you customize? (Choose all that apply)
a.
Whether daily, weekly or monthly
b.
The day of the week
c.
The time of the backup
d.
Specific files to back up
10. Which recovery boot option should you avoid using if the computer you are
attempting to boot has been infected by a virus?
a.
Safe Mode
b.
Safe Mode with Networking
c.
Repair Your Computer
d.
Safe Mode with Command Prompt
Fill in the Blank
Fill in the correct answer in the blank space provided.
1.
Windows backups are disabled by default.
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Lesson 8
2.
To store a backup on a network location you need to provide a UNC or
network path.
3.
Windows backups can back up data from drives formatted as NTFS.
4.
You must be logged on as a(n) administrator or a member of the Backup
Operators group to back up a computer or data.
5.
You can restore an earlier version of a file using Previous Versions.
6.
Repair discs are used to repair missing or corrupt system files.
7.
A new device driver has been added and the system is not responding. You
boot to the Advanced Boot Options menu and choose either Safe Mode or
Safe Mode with Networking.
8.
You have enabled boot logging and now need to find the text file that
contains your driver information. You should look in the C:\Windows
folder for a file named ntbtlog.txt.
9.
The Volume Shadow Copy service allows you to create restore points and
backups of your system.
10. You can use a restore point to roll back your system to an earlier point in
time.
True / False
Circle T if the statement is true or F if the statement is false.
T
F
1.
You can choose exactly what you want to back up to the folder.
T
F
2.
Windows Backup backs up the Recycle Bin just in case you want
to restore previously deleted files.
T
F
3.
You can control how much hard drive space backups can use.
T
F
4.
You must be an administrator to restore your own data files.
T
F
5.
You can restore individual data files from a system image backup.
Case Scenarios
Scenario 8-1: Scheduling File Backups
You provide technical support for PBJ&S, a small environmental consulting firm. Dina,
the graphic artist, creates a lot of maps for client reports. Her Windows 7 Professional
computer automatically backs up files every Sunday starting at 7:00 p.m. Dina reported
recently that her computer was still backing up files when she arrived for work the last
two Monday mornings. What can you do to help ensure that Dina's files are backed up by
Monday morning?
To ensure that Dina's files are backed up by Monday morning, you can reschedule
her Windows Backup to begin sometime on Saturday. Another option is to increase
the frequency of the backups from weekly to daily beginning at 7:00 p.m. When
Windows Backup starts, it will back up only new files or files that have changed.
Doing so daily will reduce the amount of time that's currently needed to back up her
files once a week. In addition, a daily backup better protects her data. Currently,
anything she creates or modifies on Monday through Friday might have to be recreated if her computer fails before the next backup occurs.
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Lesson 8
Scenario 8-2: Installing from an Image
The owner of PBJ&S approved funds to purchase a new computer for Dina because an
upgrade to her main mapping software requires more memory than her current
computer's motherboard can handle. The new computer will be the same make and model
but will have more memory and will have a much bigger hard disk. You also ordered a 1
terabyte external USB drive for backups. When the new computer arrives, how can you
quickly get it up and running for Dina?
When the new external hard drive arrives, create a system image of Dina's old
computer system to the external drive. Install that image onto the hard disk of
Dina's new computer. Test the new computer to ensure it operates properly before
transitioning Dina from her old computer to the new computer.
Scenario 8-3: Creating a System Repair Disc
Stanley works for your organization from his home office on a company-owned
computer. He called your cell phone while you were at a restaurant having lunch. He said
his computer has been having all kinds of problems lately and that it takes a long time for
Windows to start. You suspect his Windows system files have become corrupt. Because
you're away from the office, you can't set up a Remote Assistance session to troubleshoot
Stanley's computer remotely. What do you advise Stanley to do?
To be on the safe side, you should first walk Stanley through the steps of creating a
system repair disc. Have Stanley insert a new (clean) DVD in his computer's DVD
drive, open Windows Backup, click Create a system repair disc in the left pane,
respond to the UAC prompt, and then click Create disc.
Once the disc is created, Stanley can restart the computer with the system repair
disc in the DVD drive. He might be prompted to press any key to start the computer
from the system repair disc. Stanley should choose his language setting and then
select Startup Repair from the list of recovery options.
Scenario 8-4: Resolving a Driver Problem Using Recovery Boot Options
You recently installed a new video adapter in Jeffrey's desktop computer using the driver
supplied on the CD in the adapter packaging. When Windows starts, the words on the
screen are unreadable. What is a possible solution for resolving the problem?
On a properly functioning computer, visit the Web site of the video adapter
manufacturer. Download the latest video adapter driver and save it to a USB flash
drive or burn it to a CD/DVD.
Shut down Jeffrey's computer and leave it off for a few minutes. Restart the
computer and then press and hold the F8 key to display the Advanced Boot Options
menu. Select Safe Mode. When Windows starts, use Device Manager to update the
video adapter driver from the USB flash drive or CD/DVD. When you're finished,
restart the computer and let it start Windows normally.
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