Test Bench: Wavecor SW223BD03 8.75
Test Bench: Wavecor SW223BD03 8.75-Inch High XMAX Subwoofer
© July 1 2017, 04:00
This month | examined the SW223BD03, a new 8.75” subwoofer from high-end Chinese OEM manufacturer Wavecor. The SW223BD03 is
part of Wavecor's rather extensive line of subwoofers — 20 models in all, ranging in size from 2.75" to 12". This lineup of subwoofers also
includes a broad range of passive radiators with sizes from 6.25" to 12”. Voice Coil featured the 4 О version of this device, the SW223BD02,
in the April 2015 issue.
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8 Г
Photo 1: Wavecor's SW223BD03 is a new 8.75" subwoofer.
Wavecor's SW223BD03, which is the 8 Q version, has a generous feature set that includes a proprietary eight-spoke cast aluminum frame
that has minimal reflection surfaces and is completely open below the spider mounting shelf. Other features include a very stiff flat black
anodized aluminum cone, further stiffened by a 3.5” convex black anodized aluminum dust cap. Suspension is provided by a low-loss (high
Qm) NBR surround plus a 5” diameter black flat cloth spider (damper).
All this is driven by a 51-mm diameter (2”) voice coil wound with round wire on a black fiber glass non-conducting former. The motor
system powering the cone assembly utilizes two 20-mm thick 125-mm diameter ferrite magnet sandwiched between a black plated 6-mm
thick front plate and a black plated and shaped T-yoke that does not use a pole vent. This format drives more air out the gap area and
across the front plate below the spider mounting shelf for enhanced cooling of the motor system. The SW223BD03 further incorporates an
aluminum shorting ring (Faraday shield) that reduces distortion caused by eddy currents. Last, the braided voice coil lead wires terminate
to a pair of gold terminals.
| began characterizing the new SW223BD03 8.75" subwoofer using the LinearX LMS analyzer and VIBox to measure voltage and admittance
(current). Sweeps were generated in free airat 1, 3, 6, 10, 15, and 20 V.
Impedance vs Freq
Figure 1: Wavecor SW223BD03 subwoofer 1 V free-air impedance plot.
TSL Model LTD Model Factory
Sample 1 | Sample 2 | Sample 1 | Sample 2
Fe 24.6 Hz 123,7 НЕ 123.58 122.317 125 hz
Reve 5.98 6.04 5.98 6.04 6
Sd cm2 209 209 209 209 206
Que 8.58 7.54 9.2 9,77 10.2
Ось 0.5 0.44 0.46 0.51 0.48
Ос 0.47 0.41 0.43 0.48 0.46
Vas 29.1 ltr |31.41tr 32.2 ltr 35 ltr 28 ltr
SPL2.83V |81.3dB |81.7dB |81.4dB |80.8dB |81 dB
X max 11.7 mm | 11.7 тт | 11.7 тт |11./ mm |11./ mm
Table 1: Wavecor SW223BD03 subwoofer's comparison data.
The measured Mmd that was provided by Wavecor (an actual physical cone assembly measurement with 50% of the surround and spider
removed) was used rather than a single 1 V added (delta) mass measurement. It should also be noted that this multi-voltage parameter
test procedure includes heating the voice coil between sweeps for progressively longer periods to simulate operating temperatures at that
voltage level (raising the temperature to the first and second time constants).
The 12 sine wave sweeps for each woofer were further processed with the voltage curves divided by the current curves to produce
impedance curves. | generated phase curves using the LEAP phase calculation routine. After which | copy/pasted the impedance magnitude
and phase curves plus the associated voltage curves into the LEAP 5 Enclosure Shop software's Guide Curve library. | used this data and the
LEAP 5 LTD transducer model to calculate parameters.
Because most manufacturing data is produced using either a standard transducer model or in many cases the LEAP 4 TSL model, | also
generated LEAP 4 TSL model parameters using the 1 V free air to compare it with the manufacturer's data. Figure 1 shows the SW223BD03
1V free-air impedance plot. Table 1 compares the LEAP 5 LTD and LEAP 4 TSL Thiele-Small (T-S) parameter sets for the Wavecor
SW223BD03 driver samples along with the Wavecor factory data.
From the comparative data shown in Table 1, you can see that all four parameter sets for the two samples were reasonably similar and
correlated well with the factory data.
Following my normal protocol for Test Bench testing, | used the Sample 1 LEAP 5 LTD parameters and set up two computer box
simulations, one in a 0.6 ft3 Butterworth-type sealed enclosure with 50% fill material (fiberglass). For the second example, | decided to use
the data from a Wavecor 10" passive radiator, the PR263WA01. This resulted in a 0.89 ft3 box with 15% fill material and tuned to 16 Hz.
Wavecor has all the weights figured out for the drone for different tunings, and for the PR263WA01, it takes 355 grams, 255 grams for the
“naked” PR263WAO01, plus an additional 100 grams.
40H 50 100 200 500 1K
Figure 2: Wavecor SW223BD03 computer box simulations (black solid = sealed at 2.83 V; blue dash = vented at 2.83 V; black solid = sealed at 33 V; blue dash =
vented at 34 V).
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40 Hæ 20 50 100 200 500 1K
Figure 3: Group delay curves for the 2.83 V curves shown in Figure 2.
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Эна ———l—T—————l—]]—[—];—]]]]]]k—];l LL A AZ LL AH HH HH LL
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10 Hz 20 50 200 500 1K
Figure 4: Cone excursion curves for the 33 V and 34 V curves shown in Figure 2,
Figure 2 gives the results for the SW223BD03 in the sealed and drone enclosures at 2.83 V and at a voltage level sufficiently high enough to
increase cone excursion to 13.5 mm (XMAX + 15%). This resulted in a F3 of 38 Hz (-6 dB = 31 Hz) with a Qtc = 0.68 for the 0.6 ft3 closed box
and a -3 dB for the drone simulation
of 30 Hz (-6 dB = 24 Hz).
Increasing the voltage input to the simulations until reaching the approximate XMAX +15% maximum linear cone excursion point resulted
in 105 dB at 33 V for the sealed enclosure simulation and 107 dB with a 34 V input level for the larger passive radiator box. Figure 3 shows
the 2.83 V group delay curves and Figure 4 shows the 33 V/34 V excursion curves.
Klippel analysis for the SW223BD03 produced the Klippel data graphs shown in Figures 5-8. (Our analyzer is provided courtesy of Klippel
GmbH and the analysis was performed by Patrick Turnmire, of Redrock Acoustics). The BI(X) curve shown in Figure 5 is moderately broad
and mostly symmetrical (with a bit of “tilt"), which is typical of a driver with a relatively high XMAX. Figure 6 shows the Bl symmetry curve,
which has a small and not significant 0.89 mm BI coil-out (forward) offset once you reach an area of reasonable certainty, staying constant
to the physical 11.7 mm XMAX position and beyond.
Force factor Bl (X)
mus -Хрго! = Х = Хрго! ms Xp <X<Xp+ — — BI (-X)
BI [N/A]
-15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15
<< Coil in X [mm] coil out >>
Figure 5: Klippel analyzer BI(X) curve for the Wavecor SW223BD03.
Bl Symmetry Range
Bl Symmetry Point Asymmetry < 5%
Coil out >>
E e
<< Coll in
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16
Amplitude [mm]
Figure 6: Klippel analyzer Bl symmetry range curve for the Wavecor SW223BD03.
Stiffness of suspension Kms (X)
mmm -Xprot< X < Xprot oom Xp-< X < Xp+
— Kms (-X)
Kms [N/mm]
-15 -10 5 0 5 10 15
<< Coil in X [mm] coil out >>
Figure 7: Klippel analyzer mechanical stiffness of suspension KMS(X) curve for the Wavecor SW223BD03.
Kms Symmetry Range
Bl Symmetry Point Asymmetry < 5%
Coll out >>
ade LL. IZ
<< Collin
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16
Amplitude [mm]
Figure 8: Klippel analyzer KMS symmetry range curve for the Wavecor SW223BD03.
Figure 7 and Figure 8 the KMS(X) and KMS symmetry curves for the SW223BD03. Like the Bl curve, the KMS stiffness of compliance curve
shown in Figure 7 is very symmetrical, with only a minor offset. The KMS symmetry range curve exhibits a minor 1 mm coil-out (forward)
offset at a region of high certainty (6 mm) that decreases to near zero by 8 mm. Displacement limiting numbers calculated by the Klippel
analyzer using the subwoofer criteria for BI was XBI at 70% (Bl dropping to 70% of its maximum value) equal to 12.1 mm for the prescribed
20% distortion level (the criterion for subwoofers). For the compliance, crossover (XC) at 50% CMS minimum was 12.5 mm, which means
that for the SW223BD03, the Bl is the more limiting factor for getting to the 20% distortion level. However, both numbers were greater than
the driver's 11.7 mm physical XMAX.
Electrical inductance L(X, |=0)
mus -Xprot<X <Xprot me Xp- < X < Xp+
Le [mH]
0.20 |
-15 -10 -5 0 5
<< Coil in X [mm]
coil out ==
Figure 9: Klippel Analyzer Le(X) curve for the Wavecor SW223BD03.
300 Hz 500 1K 7K 5K
Figure 10: Wavecor SW223BD03 on-axis frequency response.
ног, OBSPL
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300 НЕ 500 1K ZE 5K 10K 20K
Figure 11: Wavecor SW223BD03 on- and off-axis frequency response (0° = solid; 15° = dot; 30° = dash; 45° = dash/dot; 60° = dash).
4 i | | == | IMs
300 Hz 500 1K ZK БК TOR 20K
Figure 12: Wavecor SW223BD03 normalized on-and off-axis frequency response (0° = solid; 15° = dot; 30° = dash; 45° = dash/dot; 60° = dash).
Figure 9 gives the SW223BD03's inductance curve Le(X). Motor inductance will typically increase in the rear direction from the zero rest
position as the voice coil covers more of pole, however, that doesn't happen here. We do get lower inductance variation from full in to full
out travel, which is what you want to achieve. It's easy to see the benefit of the aluminum shorting ring with inductance only varying about
0.04 mH, which is very minimal inductance change for such a large motor.
After the Klippel analysis was finished, | mounted the driver in an enclosure filled with foam damping material and that had a 15" x 9” baffle
area and used the LMS gated sine wave technique to measure the SW223BD03's SPL on and off axis. Figure 10 gives the on-axis response
measured 300 Hz to 20 kHz at 2.83 V/1 m. The response is a smooth £1.95 dB out to 2 kHz, with a breakup mode peak up 10 dB at 3.2 kHz.
Figure 11 shows the on and off axis to 45°. Figure 12 shows the normalized response.
Polar Plot: 3
63 Hz
125 Hz
250 Hz
1500 Hz
2000 Hz
4000 Hz
8000 Hz
16000 Hz
o —
SW223 1/3 Octave Mirrored
Figure 13: Wavecor SW223BD03 0° to 180° horizontal plane polar plot (in 10° increments).
Figure 13 shows the Clio polar plot (using 10° increments). Even though this is a subwoofer, it certainly would be possible to use it in a
three-way configuration with a low-pass crossover frequency as high as 1.6 kHz or so to a midrange driver and tweeter, or as a two-way to
a large planar transducer.
SPL vs Freq
100 SH
60 he
у | \
‚ |
40 Ms
300 Hz 500 1K E BK 10K HK
Figure 14: Wavecor SW223BD03 two-sample SPL comparison.
[dE re 20u Pa]
0.0 | I I I
100 1k 10k 20k
600 0m
0.0- - 1 = vert |
100 1k 10k
Figure 15: Wavecor SW223BD03 SoundCheck distortion plots.
Figure 14 gives the two-sample SPL comparison showing, as you would expect from Wavecor, the drivers to be well matched. Next, | used
the Listen, Inc., SoundCheck analyzer to perform distortion and time domain analysis. | set the voltage level with the driver rigidly mounted
in free air and increased the voltage until it produced a 1 m SPL of 94 dB (7.4 V) (which is my SPL standard for home audio drivers). | made
the distortion measurement with the microphone placed near-field about 10 cm from the dust cap.
Figure 15 actually includes two plots, the top graph being the standard fundamental SPL curve with the second and third harmonic curves,
and the bottom graph shows the second and third harmonic curves plus the total harmonic distortion (THD) curve with an appropriate X-
axis scale. Interpreting the subjective value of conventional distortion curves is almost impossible. However, looking at the relationship of
the second to third harmonic distortion curves is of value.
| used SoundCheck to get a 2.83 V/1 m impulse response (which was mounted in the enclosure with the 15” x 9” baffle). | imported the data
into Listen's SoundMap Time/Frequency software. Figure 16 shows the resulting CSD waterfall plot. Figure 17 shows the Wigner-Ville plot
(which | used for its better low frequency performance). As you can see from this month's explication, the SW223BD03 is another well
crafted transducer from the engineers at Wavecor.
For more information, visit www.wavecor.com (http://www.wavecor.com). VC
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Figure 16: Wavecor SW223BD03 SoundCheck CSD waterfall plot.
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Figure 17: Wavecor SW223BD03 subwoofer SoundCheck Wigner-Ville plot.
This article was originally published in Voice Coil, October 2016.
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