Ilford Ortho Plus
December 2003
FACT SHEET
ORTHO
BLACK AND WHITE, ORTHOCHROMATIC COPY FILM
The characteristic curve of ORTHO Plus copy film
has been optimised to ensure the tonal range of
the original image is maintained. This is different
to conventional films, which can give a dull, flat
result when used for copying.
The qualities of a high resolution film with precise
contrast control is just what is needed for
photomicroscopy. ORTHO Plus copy film is highly
recommended for this application.
EXPOSURE RATING
The figures below, which apply to ORTHO Plus
copy film developed to normal contrast in ILFORD
ID-11 developer, provide a guide to exposure:
Daylight sources ISO 80/20°
Tungsten sources ISO 40/17°
SPECTRAL SENSITIVITY
Wedge spectrogram to tungsten light
(2850K)
Sensitivity
ILFORD ORTHO Plus black and white copy film is
designed for many applications. It is particularly
recommended for continuous tone copy work, with
no sacrifice in quality when the original includes
line work. The blue and green sensitivity enables
the film to be handled in red safelight and allows
processing by inspection. This versatile film allows
you to fine-tune the contrast by the choice of
developer, the exposure given and the
development time. It is possible to achieve an
accurate reproduction of most black and white
originals, or to maintain a clean background in
copies of combined line and continuous tone
originals.
Wavelength (nm)
FILTER FACTORS
The factors quoted below give a practical guide to
the increase in exposure necessary when using the
filters listed.
ORTHO Plus copy film is coated on 0·180mm/
7-mil polyester base, well known for its high
dimensional stability and strength. The film is
protected by an efficient anti-halation backing
which clears during development. If processed and
stored properly, ORTHO Plus copy film has
excellent archival storage properties.
104
109
304
404
The emulsion faces the user when sheet film is held
in the position shown.
For other types of filters follow the instructions
given by the filter manufacturer.
Page 1 of 5
Alpha (yellow)
Delta (deep yellow)
Tricolour blue
Tricolour green
Daylight
2·5
5·5
3
8
Tungsten
1
3
5
4·5
ORTHO Plus COPY FILM
Adjusted exposure time (sec)
MAKING LONG EXPOSURES
For exposures between 1/2 and 1/10 000 second, no
corrections are needed for reciprocity law failure.
When exposures longer than 1/2 second are given,
ORTHO Plus copy film, along with other films,
needs to be given more exposure than indicated
by a meter. Use the graph to calculate the
increased exposure time which should be given
once the measured time is known.
Measured exposure time (sec)
CHOOSING THE BEST ILFORD DEVELOPER FOR THE JOB
This table gives development times in minutes for the stated contrast (G). Development times may be altered if a
different contrast is needed.
Pictorial contrast
ID-11
ID-11
ID-11
MICROPHEN
MICROPHEN
MICROPHEN
PERCEPTOL
ILFOSOL S
ILFOTEC HC
ILFOTEC HC
ILFOTEC DD
ILFOTEC RT RAPID
ILFOTEC RT RAPID
stock
1+1
1+3
stock
1+1
1+3
stock
1+9
1+15
1+31
stock
1+1+2
1+1+5
°C/ºF
G0·62
20/68
20/68
20/68
20/68
20/68
20/68
20/68
20/68
20/68
20/68
24/75
26/79
26/79
8
101/2
16
9
111/2
131/2
13
41/2
4
6
51/2
65s
78s
to
G0·70
10
13
20
12
141/2
17
16
6
5
8
61/2
127s
153s
Non-ILFORD developers
G0·62
Kodak
Kodak
Kodak
Kodak
D-76
D-76
T-Max RS
T-Max
stock
1+1
stock
1+4
20/68
20/68
24/75
20/68
to
8
101/2
31/2
5
G0·70
10
13
41/2
61/2
Intermediate contrast
G0·80
PQ UNIVERSAL
1+9
20/68
to
4
G1·00
12
High contrast
G1·2
PHENISOL
1+4
20/68
to
3
Note For dish/tray development with continuous agitation, reduce these times by 15%.
Page 2 of 5
G1·8
10
ORTHO Plus COPY FILM
PROCESSING AT DIFFERENT
TEMPERATURES
ORTHO Plus copy film can be processed over a
range of temperatures. Development times at
temperatures other than 20°C/68ºF may be
calculated from the chart below.
CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Pictorial contrast
Density
For example, if 4 minutes at 20°C/68ºF is
recommended, the time at 23°C/73ºF will be 3
minutes and the time at 16°C/61ºF will be 6
minutes.
Relative log exposure
ORTHO Plus copy film developed in ILFORD ID-11
(stock) for 8 minutes and 10 minutes at
20ºC/68ºF with intermittent agitation.
Temperature (ºC)
Intermediate contrast
3.0
2.0
New development time (min)
G1.00
1
2
3
1.0
Density
G0.80
4
Relative log exposure
Temperature (ºF)
ORTHO Plus copy film developed in ILFORD PQ
UNIVERSAL (1+9) for 4 minutes and 12 minutes,
at 20°C/68ºF with intermittent agitation.
High Contrast
Density
New development time (min)
Relative log exposure
ORTHO Plus copy film developed in ILFORD
PHENISOL (1+4) for 3 minutes and 10 minutes, at
20°C/68ºF with intermittent agitation.
Page 3 of 5
ORTHO Plus COPY FILM
PROCESSING
ORTHO Plus copy film can be processed in all
types of processing equipment including rotary
processors, dishes/trays, deep tanks and
automatic processors. Standard capacity figures
and replenishment rates can be maintained.
ILFORD Stop
Bath
Safelight recommendations
Use an ILFORD 906 (dark red) safelight
illuminated by a 15 watt bulb. As a precaution
against fogging and hence reduced image
contrast, a minimum distance of 1·2 m/4ft
between the safelight and the working area is
recommended. For best results, keep safelight
exposure to a minimum.
Agitation
Intermittent agitation is recommended for use in
deep tanks. Continuous agitation is recommended
in dishes/trays by rocking the dish/tray.
Otherwise, follow the recommendations given by
the processing equipment manufacturer.
Stop, fix, wash and rinse
For best results it is recommended that all process
solutions are kept at the same temperature or at
least within 5ºC (9ºF) of the developer
temperature.
Stop Bath
After development the film can be rinsed in water
but we recommend that an acid stop bath is used
such as ILFORD ILFOSTOP (with indicator dye) or
ILFOSTOP PRO (without indicator dye). ILFOSTOP
PRO is recommended for all machine processing
applications. When tanks or dishes/trays of
process solutions are in use a stop bath
immediately stops development and reduces carry
over of excess developer into the fixer bath. This
helps to maintain the activity and prolong the life
of the fixer solution.
ILFOSTOP
ILFOSTOP PRO
1+19
1+19
18–24ºC
(64–75ºF)
18–24ºC
(64–75ºF)
Time (seconds)
at 20ºC (68ºF)
10
10
Capacity
films/litre
(unreplenished)
15 x
120.3x25.4cm
(8x10in)
22 x
20.3x25.4cm
(8x10in)
Dilution
Temperature
range
The process time given is the minimum required, if
necessary a longer time may be used and should
not cause any process problems provided it is not
excessive.
Fix
The recommended fixers are ILFORD RAPID FIXER
and ILFORD HYPAM liquid fixers and ILFORD
ILFOFIX II powder fixer,all are non-hardening
fixers.
ILFORD Fixer
ILFORD HYPAM &
ILFORD RAPID FIXER
ILFORD
ILFOFIX II
1+4
stock
18–24ºC
(64–75ºF)
18–24ºC
(64–75ºF)
Time (mins)
at 20ºC (68ºF)
2–5
4–8
Capacity
films/litre
(unreplenished)
24 x
20.3x25.4cm
(8x10in)
24 x
20.3x25.4cm
(8x10in)
Dilution
Temperature
range
WASH
When a non-hardening fixer has been used wash
the films in running water for 5–10 minutes at a
temperature within 5ºC (9ºF) of the process
temperature.
Rinse
For a final rinse use ILFORD ILFOTOL wetting
agent added to water, it helps the film to dry
rapidly and evenly. Start by using 5ml per litre of
rinse water (1+200), however the amount of
ILFOTOL used may need some adjustment
depending on the local water quality and drying
method. Too little or too much wetting agent can
lead to uneven drying. Remove excess rinse
solution from the film before drying.
Page 4 of 5
ORTHO Plus COPY FILM
FIX HARDENER
ILFORD RAPID FIXER and ILFORD ILFOFIX II must
not be used with fix hardeners as they are not
compatible with them. If a fix hardener is required
then only ILFORD HYPAM fixer can be used. Add
ILFORD HYPAM HARDENER to turn HYPAM into a
hardening fixer.
Generally for most applications modern camera
films are sufficiently hardened at manufacture.
Additional hardening from a fixer hardener is not
usually needed or recommended for processing in
spiral tanks, dishes/trays, deep tanks, rotary
processors, dip and dunk (hanger) machines and
short leader card processors, unless the processing
temperature is above 30ºC (86ºF), or poor drying
performance is being experienced. To minimise
the risk of physical damage a fixer hardener may
be needed when using a roller transport film
processor.
Using a fix hardener will require the
recommended fix and wash times to be extended.
Depending on the film and processing conditions
the hardened fix time will be between 4 and 10
minutes and the subsequent wash time 10–20
minutes in running water.
Drying
Dry ORTHO Plus copy film at 30–40°C/
86–104ºF in a drying cabinet or at room
temperature in a clean dust-free area.
Storage
Store ORTHO Plus copy film in a cool
(10–20°C/50-68ºF), dry place in its original
packaging.
Exposed film
As with any film, once exposed, process ORTHO
Plus copy film as soon as possible. Images on
exposed but unprocessed film will not degrade
during normal working periods, that is, up to one
month when stored as recommended.
Negatives
Store processed negatives in a cool (10–20°C/
50–68ºF), dry place, in the dark. Suitable storage
sleeves include those made of cellulose triacetate,
Mylar or paper (pH 6·5–7·5) or inert polyester.
A wide range of fact sheets is available which describe and
give guidance on using ILFORD products. Some products in
this fact sheet might not be available in your country.
The amount of HYPAM HARDENER that can be
added to the fixer is dependant on the film and
process conditions used. In some processors the
full amount of hardener cannot be used as the fix
and wash times cannot be extended adequately.
In these circumstances we recommend starting with
the minimum amount of hardener to have some
effect. This is around 3–6mls of hardener per litre
of working strength HYPAM used. This increases
the film hardness slightly but has a negligible
effect on the fix and wash efficiency. When fix
and wash times are restricted the maximum
amount of HYPAM HARDENER recommended is
10–20ml of hardener per litre of working strength
HYPAM used. This higher amount gives a definite
increase to the hardness of the films processed
and while fixing and washing efficiency are
reduced the films will be adequately fixed and
washed for most purposes.
When fix and wash times can be extended the
maximum amount of HYPAM HARDENER needed
to achieve fully hardened films is 1 part to 40
parts working strength HYPAM i.e. 24 ml per litre.
ILFORD Imaging UK Limited, Town Lane, Mobberley
Knutsford, Cheshire WA16 7JL, England
www.ilford.com
Page 5 of 5
95056.GB.www
December 2003
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