85053B 3.5mm Verification Kit Manual

85053B 3.5mm Verification Kit Manual
User’s and Service Guide
Agilent Technologies 85053B
3.5 mm Verification Kit
Agilent Part Number: 85053-90028
Printed in USA
Print Date: January 2002
Supersedes: October 2000
© Copyright 1995, 2000, 2002 Agilent Technologies, Inc. All rights reserved.
Warranty
This product is warranted against defects in material and workmanship for a period of one
year from date of shipment. During the warranty period, Agilent Technologies will, at its
option, either repair or replace products which prove to be defective.
For warranty service or repair, this product must be returned to a service facility
designated by Agilent. Buyer shall prepay shipping charges to Agilent and Agilent shall
pay shipping charges to return the product to Buyer. However, Buyer shall pay all shipping
charges, duties, and taxes for products returned to Agilent from another country.
Agilent Technologies warrants that its software and firmware designated by Agilent for
use with an instrument will execute its programming instructions when properly installed
on that instrument. Agilent Technologies does not warrant that the operation of the
instrument, or software, or firmware will be uninterrupted or error-free.
Limitation of Warranty
The foregoing warranty shall not apply to defects resulting from improper or inadequate
maintenance by Buyer, Buyer-supplied software or interfacing, unauthorized modification
or misuse, operation outside of the environmental specifications for the product, or
improper site preparation or maintenance.
NO OTHER WARRANTY IS EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED. AGILENT TECHNOLOGIES
SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY
AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
Exclusive Remedies
THE REMEDIES PROVIDED HEREIN ARE BUYER’S SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE
REMEDIES. AGILENT TECHNOLOGIES SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT,
INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, WHETHER
BASED ON CONTRACT, TORT, OR ANY OTHER LEGAL THEORY.
Assistance
Product maintenance agreements and other customer assistance agreements are available
for Agilent products.
For any assistance, contact Agilent Technologies. Refer to page 6-4 for a list of Agilent
contacts.
ii
Contents
1. General Information
Verification Kit Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2
Kit Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2
Compatible Network Analyzers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2
Equipment Required but Not Supplied . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-3
Options. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-3
Incoming Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-3
Recording the Device Serial Numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-4
Precision Slotless Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-5
Clarifying the Sex of a Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-6
Preventive Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-6
2. Specifications
Environmental Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-2
Temperature—What To Watch Out For . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-2
Mechanical Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-3
Pin Depth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-3
Airline Mechanical Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-4
Electrical Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-6
3. Duplicating Your Verification Data
Using an 8510C Network Analyzer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-2
Using a HP Series 200/300 Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-3
Using an 8719, 8720, or 8722 Series Network Analyzer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-4
Using a PNA Series Network Analyzer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-5
Format a Blank Disk. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-5
Copy the Data Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-5
4. Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices
Electrostatic Discharge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-2
Visual Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-3
Look for Obvious Defects and Damage First . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-3
What Causes Connector Wear?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-3
Inspect the Mating Plane Surfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-3
Inspect Female Connectors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-4
Cleaning Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-5
Gaging Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-7
Connector Gage Accuracy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-7
When to Gage Connectors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-7
Gaging Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-8
Gaging 3.5 mm Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-8
Gaging the Airline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-10
Connections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-14
How to Make a Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-14
Preliminary Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-14
Final Connection Using a Torque Wrench . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-14
Connecting the Airline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-16
How to Separate a Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-18
85053B
iii
Contents
Handling and Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-18
5. Performance Verification
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
How Agilent Verifies the Devices in Your Kit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Recertification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
How Often to Recertify. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
Where to Send a Kit for Recertification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
6. Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
Compatible Network Analyzers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
Returning a Kit or Device to Agilent Technologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4
Contacting Agilent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4
7. Replaceable Parts
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2
iv
85053B
1 General Information
1- 1
General Information
Verification Kit Overview
Verification Kit Overview
The Agilent 85053B 3.5 mm verification kit provides a set of standards with known
characteristics, traceable to a reference (golden) standard in Agilent Technologies
calibration lab. This set of standards is used to verify your measurement calibration and
also to verify that your network analyzer system is operating within its specifications. The
frequency range covered by the 85053B is from 300 kHz to 26.5 GHz.
Kit Contents
The 85053B verification kit includes the following items:
• 20 dB attenuator
• 40 dB attenuator
• 25Ω mismatch airline
• 50Ω airline
• data disks that contain factory-measured verification data of the devices in this kit
Refer to Chapter 7, “Replaceable Parts,” for a complete list of kit contents and their
associated part numbers.
NOTE
A file containing the verification data for your kit is maintained for one year
from the time of measurement. If you lose this data, contact Agilent. See
Table 6-1 on page 6-4 for a list of contacts.
Compatible Network Analyzers
The 85053B verification kit is intended to be used with the 85033E and 85052B 3.5 mm
calibration kits and any of the following Agilent network analyzers:
• 8710
• 872x series
• PNA series
If this calibration kit is used with other analyzers, the calibration constants must be
manually entered into the analyzer. Refer to your network analyzer user’s guide or
embedded help system for instructions.
1-2
85053B
General Information
Incoming Inspection
Equipment Required but Not Supplied
The following items are required or recommended for successful operation of your kit, but
are not supplied with the kit.
• 3.5 mm connector gage kit
• 5/16 inch, 90 N-cm (8 in-lb) torque wrench
• male short circuit (for gaging the airlines)
• 5/16 inch open-end wrench (for connecting the airlines)
• connector cleaning supplies
• electrostatic discharge (ESD) protection devices
Refer to Table 7-2 on page 7-3 for ordering information.
Options
The following option is available for the 85053B verification kit:
Option 910
This option adds an additional copy of the user’s and service guide (this manual).
Incoming Inspection
Verify that the shipment is complete by referring to Table 7-1.
Check for damage. The foam-lined storage case provides protection during shipping. Verify
that this case and its contents are not damaged.
If the case or any device appears damaged, or if the shipment is incomplete, contact
Agilent Technologies. See page 6-4 for contact information. Agilent will arrange for repair
or replacement of incomplete or damaged shipments without waiting for a settlement from
the transportation company. Refer to “Returning a Kit or Device to Agilent Technologies”
on page 6-4 for instructions.
85053B
1-3
General Information
Recording the Device Serial Numbers
Recording the Device Serial Numbers
In addition to the kit serial number, the devices in this kit are individually serialized
(serial numbers are labeled into the body of each device). Record these serial numbers in
Table 1-1. Recording the serial numbers will prevent confusing the devices in this kit with
similar devices from other kits.
Table 1-1 Serial Number Record for the 85053B
Device
Serial Number
Verification kit
___________________________
20 dB attenuator
___________________________
40 dB attenuator
___________________________
50Ω airline
___________________________
25Ω mismatch airline
___________________________
1-4
85053B
General Information
Precision Slotless Connectors
Precision Slotless Connectors
The female 3.5 mm connectors in this verification kit are metrology-grade, precision
slotless connectors (PSC). A characteristic of metrology-grade connectors is direct
traceability to national measurement standards through their well-defined mechanical
dimensions.
Conventional female center conductors are slotted. When mated, the female center
conductor is flared by the male pin. Because physical dimensions determine connector
impedance, electrical characteristics of the female connector (and connection pair) are
dependent upon the mechanical dimensions of the male pin. While connectors are used in
pairs, their male and female halves are always specified separately as part of a standard,
instrument, or device under test. Because of these facts, making precision measurements
with the conventional slotted connector is very difficult, and establishing a direct
traceability path to primary dimensional standards is nearly impossible.
The precision slotless connector was developed to eliminate these problems. All PSCs are
female. A PSC incorporates a center conductor with a solid cylindrical shell that defines
the outside diameter of the female center pin. Its outside diameter and, therefore, the
impedance in its region does not change. The inner part provides an internal contact that
flexes to accept the allowed range of male pin diameters.
The calibration of a network analyzer having a conventional slotted female connector on
the test port remains valid only when the device under test and all calibration standards
have identical male pin diameters. For this reason PSC test port adapters are supplied in
most Agilent Technologies calibration kits.
Precision slotless connectors have the following characteristics:
• There is no loss of traceable calibration on test ports when the male pin diameter of the
connector on the device under test is different from the male pin diameter of the
calibration standard.
• The female PSC and its mating male connector can be measured and specified
separately as part of the device either is attached to.
• All female connectors can have a known, stable impedance based only on the diameters
of their inner and outer conductors.
• Female calibration standards can be fully specified. Their specifications and traceability
are unaffected by the diameter of the male mating pin.
• A fully traceable performance verification is made using a precision 50Ω airline having
a PSC.
• Measurement repeatability is enhanced due to non-changing connector characteristics
with various pin diameters.
With PSCs on test ports and standards, the percentage of accuracy achieved when
measuring at 50 dB return loss levels is comparable to using conventional slotted
connectors measuring devices having only 30 dB return loss. This represents an accuracy
improvement of about 10 times.
85053B
1-5
General Information
Clarifying the Sex of a Connector
Clarifying the Sex of a Connector
In this manual, calibration devices and adapters are referred to in terms of their connector
interface. For example, a male open has a male connector.
However, during a measurement calibration, the network analyzer softkey menus label a
calibration device with reference to the sex of the analyzer’s test port connector—not the
calibration device connector. For example, the label SHORT(F) on the analyzer’s display
refers to the short that is to be connected to the female test port. This will be a male short
from the calibration kit.
A connector gage is referred to in terms of the connector that it measures. For instance, a
male connector gage has a female connector on the gage so that it can measure male
devices.
Preventive Maintenance
The best techniques for maintaining the integrity of the devices in this kit include:
• routine visual inspection
• cleaning
• proper gaging
• proper connection techniques
All of these are described in Chapter 4. Failure to detect and remove dirt or metallic
particles on a mating plane surface can degrade repeatability and accuracy and can
damage any connector mated to it. Improper connections, resulting from pin depth values
being out of specification (see Table 2-2 on page 2-4), or from bad connection techniques,
can also damage these devices.
1-6
85053B
2 Specifications
2- 1
Specifications
Environmental Requirements
Environmental Requirements
Table 2-1
Environmental Requirements
Parameter
Required Values/Ranges
Temperature
Operatinga
+20 °C to +26 °C
Storage
−40 °C to +71 °C
Error-corrected rangeb
±1 °C of measurement calibration temperature
Altitude
Operating
< 4,500 meters (≈15,000 feet)
Storage
< 15,000 meters (≈50,000 feet)
Relative humidity
Always non–condensing
Operating
0 to 80% (26 °C maximum dry bulb)
Storage
0 to 90%
a. The temperature range over which the calibration standards maintain conformance to their
specifications.
b. The allowable network analyzer ambient temperature drift during measurement calibration and
during measurements when the network analyzer error correction is turned on. Also, the range
over which the network analyzer maintains its specified performance while correction is turned on.
Temperature—What To Watch Out For
Due to the small dimensions of the devices, electrical characteristics will change with
temperature. Therefore, the operating temperature is a critical factor in their performance,
and must be stable before use.
IMPORTANT
2-2
Avoid unnecessary handling the devices during use because your fingers are a
heat source.
85053B
Specifications
Mechanical Characteristics
Mechanical Characteristics
Mechanical characteristics such as center conductor protrusion and pin depth are not
warranted performance specifications. They are, however, important supplemental
characteristics related to electrical performance. Agilent Technologies verifies the
mechanical characteristics of the devices in this kit with special gaging processes and
electrical testing. This ensures that the device connectors do not exhibit any improper pin
depth when the kit leaves the factory.
“Gaging Connectors” on page 4-7 explains how to use gages to determine if the kit devices
have maintained their mechanical integrity. Refer to Table 2-2 on page 2-4 for typical and
observed pin depth limits.
Pin Depth
Pin depth is the distance the center conductor mating plane differs from being flush with
the outer conductor mating plane. See Figure 2-1. The pin depth of a connector can be in
one of two states: either protruding or recessed.
Protrusion is the condition in which the center conductor extends beyond the outer
conductor mating plane. This condition will indicate a positive value on the connector gage.
Recession is the condition in which the center conductor is set back from the outer
conductor mating plane. This condition will indicate a negative value on the connector
gage.
Figure 2-1
85053B
Connector Pin Depth
2- 3
Specifications
Mechanical Characteristics
Table 2-2
Connector Pin Depths
Allowable Recession
Connectors
millimeters
inches
Attenuators
Male
0.0000 to +0.0076
0.000 to +0.003
Female
0.0000 to +0.0076
0.000 to +0.003
–0.0025b to −0.0100
–0.0001b to –0.0004
Airlinesa
a. The relationship between the length of the inner conductor and
the length of the outer conductor determines the airline center
conductor recession. Refer to “Gaging the Airline” on page 4-10.
b. In this case, the center conductor is 0.0001 inch (0.0025 mm)
longer than the outer conductor.
Airline Mechanical Characteristics
The dimensions of the airline outer conductor are shown in Figure 2-2. This outer
conductor is common to both airlines. Two conductors are provided with the kit.
The dimensions of the 50Ω airline and the 25Ω mismatch airline are shown in Figure 2-3
and Figure 2-4.
CAUTION
Figure 2-2
2-4
The center and outer conductors of the airlines in this kit have been
mechanically measured and matched. Do not use the center or outer
conductors provided in this kit with a center or outer conductor from any
other airline. Damage to the airline or attaching connector may result.
Airline Outer Conductor
Dimension
millimeters
inches
D
3.500 ±0.004
0.13780 ±0.00016
L
74.924 ±0.025
2.950 ±0.001
85053B
Specifications
Mechanical Characteristics
Figure 2-3
Figure 2-4
85053B
50Ω Airline Center Conductor
Dimension
millimeters
inches
d
1.520 ±0.003
0.0598 ±0.0001
∆L
+0.0025 to 0.0100
+0.0001 to 0.0004
25Ω Mismatch Airline Center Conductor
Dimension
millimeters
inches
d
2.306 ±0.005
0.09087 ±0.0002
d1
1.520 ±0.008
0.0598 ±0.0003
l1
49.943 ±0.019
1.9663 ±0.0007
l2
12.521 ±0.050
0.4930 ±0.0020
∆L
+0.0025 to −0.0100
+0.0001 to −0.0004
2- 5
Specifications
Electrical Specifications
Electrical Specifications
At the factory, each verification device is electrically characterized on a network analyzer
measurement system. These factory measurements are traceable to the National Institute
of Standards and Technology (NIST) through mechanical and electrical paths (for more
information on traceability, contact Agilent Technologies. Refer to Table 6-1 on page 6-4 for
a list of contacts.
The factory-measured data for each device is supplied in print and on disk with your kit.
2-6
85053B
3 Duplicating Your Verification Data
3- 1
Duplicating Your Verification Data
Using an 8510C Network Analyzer
Using an 8510C Network Analyzer
1. Initialize a blank disk:
a. Insert a blank disk in the 85101 disk drive and press [TAPE/DISC].
b. Select STORAGE IS INTERNAL, SETUP DISC, INITIALIZE DISC, YES.
2. Insert the original data disk (it came in your verification kit) in the 85101 disk drive.
3. Press [TAPE/DISC] and select LOAD, MEMORY ALL. After you note the file numbers that
have an asterisk next to them select FILE 1.
4. When file 1 is through loading, remove the original disk and insert the blank, initialized
disk in the disk drive.
5. Duplicate the S-Parameters:
a. Press [TAPE/DISC] and select STORE, MEMORY ALL, FILE 1.
b. Repeat steps 2 through 5a, substituting the next file number with an asterisk (noted
in step 3) for FILE 1 until all the files with an asterisk are copied on the new disk.
6. Duplicate the uncertainty limits:
a. Insert the original data disk in the disk drive.
b. Press [LOAD] and select LOAD MEMORY 1-8. Note the memory locations that have an
asterisk next to them and select 1.
c. Note the file numbers that have an asterisk next to them and select FILE 1.
d. When file 1 memory location 1 is through loading, remove the original disk and
insert the blank, initialized disk in the disk drive.
e. Press [TAPE/DISC] and select STORE, MEMORY 1-8, 1, FILE 1.
f. Repeat steps 6a through 6e substituting the appropriate memory locations (noted in
step 6b) and files (noted in step 6c) until all files in all memory locations are copied
on the new disk.
7. Verify the new disk has duplicated properly by pressing [TAPE/DISC] and selecting
DIRECTORY. The screen displays four MEMORY ALL files and four MEMORY 1-8 files.
8. Remove the data disk from the disk drive.
9. Write-protect the disk and label it.
3-2
85053B
Duplicating Your Verification Data
Using a HP Series 200/300 Controller
Using a HP Series 200/300 Controller
The procedures that follow describe how to make a backup copy of the data disk. The first
procedure is fast, but requires the HP series 200/300 controller, and the HP 9122 disk
drive. The second procedure requires an Agilent 8719, 8720, or 8722 network analyzer, and
the HP 9122 disk drive.
The disks supplied for use with the 8719, 8720, and 8722 series analyzers are
formatted using Logical Interchange Format (LIF) and, therefore, cannot be
duplicated on a personal computer (PC).
NOTE
1. Load the BASIC operating system into the controller memory.
2. Write-protect the master disk. To do this, slide the tab at the bottom edge of the disk so
that the small square is open; you should be able to see through the square.
3. Write-enable the blank disk. To do this, slide the tab at the bottom edge of the disk so
that the small square is filled; you should not be able to see through the square.
4. Insert the blank disk in drive 0.
5. Insert the master disk in drive 1.
6. Type the following to initialize the blank disk:
INITIALIZE “:,700,0”
7. Type the following to copy the entire master disk to the blank disk:
COPY “:,700,1” to “:,700,0”
85053B
3-3
Duplicating Your Verification Data
Using an 8719, 8720, or 8722 Series Network Analyzer
Using an 8719, 8720, or 8722 Series Network Analyzer
1. Write-protect the master disk. To do this slide the tab at the bottom edge of the disk so
that the small square is open; you should be able to see through the square.
2. Write-enable the blank disk. To do this, slide the tab at the bottom edge of the disk so
that the small square is filled; you should not be able to see through the square.
3. Press [PRESET] on the analyzer.
4. Insert the blank disk in drive 0.
5. Insert the master disk in drive 1.
6. Press the following keys on the analyzer to initialize the blank disk:
[LOCAL], SYSTEM CONTROLLER. The analyzer is now controlling the disk drive.
DISK, UNIT NUMBER, [0], [x1] to select the blank disk.
[SAVE], STORE TO DISK, DEFINE STORE, INITIALIZE DISK, YES. The blank disk is now
initialized.
7. Press the following keys to get the first set of files from the master disk:
[LOCAL], DISK UNIT NUMBER, [1], [x1]
[RECALL], LOAD FROM DISK, READ FILE TITLES. The first set of file titles is now
displayed beside the softkeys.
8. Press the following keys to load the first file into the analyzer:
[LOCAL], DISK UNIT NUMBER, [1], [x1]
[RECALL], LOAD FROM DISK
LOAD (filename)
9. Press the following keys to store the first file onto the blank disk:
[LOCAL], DISK UNIT NUMBER, [0], [x1]
[SAVE], STORE TO DISK
STORE (filename)
10.This sequence has transferred the first file from the master disk to the blank disk.
Repeat steps 7 and 8 to transfer the other titles shown on the softkey labels.
11. Repeat steps 6, 7, and 8 until all sets of files have been transferred.
3-4
85053B
Duplicating Your Verification Data
Using a PNA Series Network Analyzer
Using a PNA Series Network Analyzer
The procedure for duplicating a data disk using a PNA series analyzer is essentially the
same as for a personal computer (PC).
NOTE
The disk supplied for use with the PNA series analyzers is formatted using
MS-DOS  and, therefore, can be duplicated on a personal computer (PC).
The blank disk must be formatted before it can be written to. If you already have a
formatted disk, proceed to “Copy the Data Disk.”
Format a Blank Disk
Mouse Procedure
1. Write-enable the blank disk. To do this, slide the tab at the bottom edge of the disk so
that the small square is filled; you should not be able to see through the square.
2. Insert the disk to be formatted in the analyzer’s disk drive.
3. Click the My Computer icon, and then highlight the icon for the analyzer’s disk drive.
Do not click the disk icon because this will open the disk drive, and you can not format a
disk if it is open in My Computer. (To display the My Computer icon: on the System
menu, click Windows Task Bar, and then click the Show Desktop icon.)
4. On the File menu, click Format.
• Formatting a disk removes all information from the disk.
• You cannot format a disk if there are files open on that disk.
5. Follow the instructions as they appear.
• For help on an item, click the ? icon at the top of the dialog box, and then click the
item.
6. Remove the disk from the disk drive when finished.
Copy the Data Disk
Mouse Procedure
1. Write-protect the blank disk. To do this, slide the tab at the bottom edge of the disk so
that the small square is open; you should be able to see through the square.
2. Insert the disk to be copied in the analyzer’s disk drive.
• You can use the same disk drive for both disks.
3. Click the My Computer icon, and then click the icon for the analyzer’s disk drive to
open it. (To display the My Computer icon: on the System menu, click
Windows Task Bar, and then click the Show Desktop icon.)
MS-DOS is a U.S. registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
85053B
3-5
Duplicating Your Verification Data
Using a PNA Series Network Analyzer
4. On the Edit menu, click Select All.
5. On the Edit menu, click Copy. Wait for the file copy function to complete.
6. Remove the master disk and insert the formatted disk in the analyzer’s disk drive.
7. On the Edit menu, click Paste.
8. Remove the disk from the disk drive when finished.
3-6
85053B
4 Use, Maintenance, and Care of the
Devices
4- 1
Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices
Electrostatic Discharge
Electrostatic Discharge
Protection against electrostatic discharge (ESD) is essential while connecting, inspecting,
or cleaning connectors attached to a static-sensitive circuit (such as those found in test
sets).
Static electricity can build up on your body and can easily damage sensitive internal
circuit elements when discharged. Static discharges too small to be felt can cause
permanent damage. Devices such as calibration components and devices under test (DUT),
can also carry an electrostatic charge. To prevent damage to the test set, components, and
devices:
• always wear a grounded wrist strap having a 1 MΩ resistor in series with it when
handling components and devices or when making connections to the test set.
• always use a grounded, conductive table mat while making connections.
• always wear a heel strap when working in an area with a conductive floor. If you are
uncertain about the conductivity of your floor, wear a heel strap.
Figure 4-1 shows a typical ESD protection setup using a grounded mat an wrist strap.
Refer to Table 7-2 on page 7-3 for information on ordering supplies for ESD protection.
Figure 4-1
4-2
ESD Protection Setup
85053B
Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices
Visual Inspection
Visual Inspection
Visual inspection and, if necessary, cleaning should be done every time a connection is
made. Metal particles from the connector threads may fall into the connector when it is
disconnected.
CAUTION
Devices with damaged connectors should be immediately discarded or clearly
marked and set aside for repair. A damaged device will in turn damage any
good connector to which it is attached. Determine the cause of the damage
before connecting a new, undamaged connector in the same configuration.
In some cases, magnification is necessary to see damage to a connector; a magnifying
device with a magnification of ≥10× is recommended. However, not all defects that are
visible only under magnification will affect the electrical performance of the connector. Use
the following guidelines when evaluating the integrity of a connector.
Look for Obvious Defects and Damage First
Examine the connectors first for obvious defects or damage: badly worn plating on the
connector interface, deformed threads or bent, broken, or misaligned center conductors.
Connector nuts should move smoothly and be free of burrs, loose metal particles, and
rough spots.
What Causes Connector Wear?
Connector wear is caused by connecting and disconnecting the devices. The more use a
connector gets, the faster it wears and degrades. The wear is greatly accelerated when
connectors are not kept clean, or are not connected properly.
Connector wear eventually degrades performance of the device. Calibration devices should
have a long life if their use is on the order of a few times per week. Replace devices with
worn connectors.
The test port connectors on the network analyzer test set may have many connections each
day, and are therefore more subject to wear. It is recommended that an adapter be used as
a test port saver to minimize the wear on the test set’s test port connectors.
Inspect the Mating Plane Surfaces
Flat contact between the connectors at all points on their mating plane surfaces is required
for a good connection. See Figure 2-1 on page 2-3. Look especially for deep scratches or
dents, and for dirt and metal particles on the connector mating plane surfaces. Also look
for signs of damage due to excessive or uneven wear or misalignment.
Light burnishing of the mating plane surfaces is normal, and is evident as light scratches
or shallow circular marks distributed more or less uniformly over the mating plane
surface. Other small defects and cosmetic imperfections are also normal. None of these
affect electrical or mechanical performance. If a connector shows deep scratches or dents,
particles clinging to the mating plane surfaces, or uneven wear, clean and inspect it again.
85053B
4-3
Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices
Visual Inspection
Inspect Female Connectors
Inspect the contact fingers in the female center conductor carefully. These can be bent or
broken, and damage to them is not always easy to see. A connector with damaged contact
fingers will not make good electrical contact and must be replaced.
NOTE
This is particularly important when mating nonprecision to precision devices.
The female connectors in this calibration kit are metrology-grade, precision slotless
connectors (PSC). Precision slotless female connectors are used to improve accuracy. With
PSCs on test ports and standards, the accuracy achieved when measuring at 50 dB return
loss levels is comparable to using conventional slotted connectors measuring devices
having only 30 dB return loss. This represents an accuracy improvement of about 10 times.
Conventional female center conductors are slotted and, when mated, are flared by the
male pin. Because physical dimensions determine connector impedance, this change in
physical dimension affects electrical performance, making it very difficult to perform
precision measurements with conventional slotted female connectors.
The precision slotless connector was developed to eliminate this problem. The PSC has a
center conductor with a solid cylindrical shell, the outside diameter of which does not
change when mated. Instead, this center conductor has an internal contact that flexes to
accept the male pin.
4-4
85053B
Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices
Cleaning Connectors
Cleaning Connectors
1. Use Compressed Air or Nitrogen
Clean connectors are essential for ensuring the integrity of RF and microwave coaxial
connections.
WARNING
Always use protective eyewear when using compressed air or
nitrogen.
Use compressed air (or nitrogen) to loosen particles on the connector mating plane
surfaces.
You can use any source of clean, dry, low-pressure compressed air or nitrogen that has
an effective oil-vapor filter and liquid condensation trap placed just before the outlet
hose.
Ground the hose nozzle to prevent electrostatic discharge, and set the air pressure to
less than 414 kPa (60 psi) to control the velocity of the air stream. High-velocity streams
of compressed air can cause electrostatic effects when directed into a connector. These
electrostatic effects can damage the device. Refer to “Electrostatic Discharge” on
page 4-2 for additional information.
2. Clean the Connector Threads
WARNING
Keep isopropyl alcohol away from heat, sparks, and flame. Store in a
tightly closed container. It is extremely flammable. In case of fire, use
alcohol foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide; water may be
ineffective.
Use isopropyl alcohol with adequate ventilation and avoid contact
with eyes, skin, and clothing. It causes skin irritation, may cause eye
damage, and is harmful if swallowed or inhaled. It may be harmful if
absorbed through the skin. Wash thoroughly after handling.
In case of spill, soak up with sand or earth. Flush spill area with
water.
Dispose of isopropyl alcohol in accordance with all applicable
federal, state, and local environmental regulations.
Use a lint-free swab or cleaning cloth moistened with isopropyl alcohol to remove any
dirt or stubborn contaminants on a connector that cannot be removed with compressed
air or nitrogen. Refer to Table 7-2 on page 7-3 for part numbers for isopropyl alcohol and
cleaning swabs.
a. Apply a small amount of isopropyl alcohol to a lint-free cleaning swab.
b. Clean the connector threads.
85053B
4-5
Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices
Cleaning Connectors
c. Let the alcohol evaporate, then blow the threads dry with a gentle stream of clean,
low-pressure compressed air or nitrogen. Always completely dry a connector before
you reassemble or use it.
3. Clean the Mating Plane Surfaces
a. Apply a small amount of isopropyl alcohol to a lint-free cleaning swab.
b. Clean the center and outer conductor mating plane surfaces. Refer to Figure 2-1 on
page 2-3. When cleaning a female connector, avoid snagging the swab on the center
conductor contact fingers by using short strokes.
c. Let the alcohol evaporate, then blow the connector dry with a gentle stream of clean,
low-pressure compressed air or nitrogen. Always completely dry a connector before
you reassemble or use it.
4. Inspect
Inspect the connector to make sure that no particles or residue remain. Refer to “Visual
Inspection” on page 4-3.
4-6
85053B
Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices
Gaging Connectors
Gaging Connectors
The gages available from Agilent Technologies are intended for preventive maintenance
and troubleshooting purposes only. They are effective in detecting excessive center
conductor protrusion or recession, and conductor damage on DUTs, test accessories, and
the calibration kit devices. Do not use the gages for precise pin depth measurements.
Connector Gage Accuracy
The connector gages are only capable of performing coarse measurements. They do not
provide the degree of accuracy necessary to precisely measure the pin depth of the kit
devices. This is partially due to the repeatability uncertainties that are associated with the
measurement. Only the factory—through special gaging processes and electrical testing—
can accurately verify the mechanical characteristics of the devices.
With proper technique, the gages are useful in detecting gross pin depth errors on device
connectors. To achieve maximum accuracy, random errors must be reduced by taking the
average of at least three measurements having different gage orientations on the
connector. Even then, the resultant average can be in error by as much as ±0.0001 inch due
to systematic (biasing) errors usually resulting from worn gages and gage masters. As the
gages undergo more use, the systematic errors can become more significant in the accuracy
of the measurement.
When to Gage Connectors
Gage a connector at the following times:
• Prior to using a device for the first time: record the pin depth measurement so that it
can be compared with future readings. This serves as a good troubleshooting tool when
you suspect damage may have occurred to the device.
NOTE
When measuring pin depth, the measured value (resultant average of three
or more measurements) is not the true value. This is due to measurement
uncertainties described earlier under “Connector Gage Accuracy.” Always
compare the measured value with the pin depth specifications in
Table 2-2 on page 2-4 and with previously recorded values to evaluate the
condition of device connectors.
• If either visual inspection or electrical performance suggests that the connector
interface may be out of typical range (due to wear or damage, for example).
•
If a verification device is used by someone else or on another system or piece of
equipment.
• Initially after every 100 connections, and after that as often as experience indicates.
85053B
4-7
Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices
Gaging Connectors
Gaging Procedures
Gaging 3.5 mm Connectors
NOTE
Always hold a connector gage by the gage barrel, below the dial indicator.
This gives the best stability, and improves measurement accuracy. (Cradling
the gage in your hand or holding it by the dial applies stress to the gage
plunger mechanism through the dial indicator housing.)
1. Select the proper gage for your connector. Refer to Table 7-1 on page 7-2 for gage part
numbers.
2. Inspect and clean the gage, gage master, and device to be gaged. Refer to “Visual
Inspection” and “Cleaning Connectors” earlier in this chapter.
3. Zero the connector gage (refer to Figure 4-2):
a. While holding the gage by the barrel, and without turning the gage or the device,
connect the gage to the gage master by interconnecting the male and female
connectors. Connect the nut finger tight. Do not overtighten.
b. Using an open-end wrench to keep the device body from rotating, use the torque
wrench included in the kit to tighten the connecting nut to the specified torque. Refer
to “Final Connection Using a Torque Wrench” on page 4-14 for additional
information.
c. As you watch the gage pointer, gently tap the barrel of the gage to settle the reading.
The gage pointer should line up exactly with the zero mark on the gage. If not, adjust
the zero set knob until the gage pointer lines up exactly with the zero mark.
d. Remove the gage master.
4. Gage the device connector (refer to Figure 4-2):
a. While holding the gage by the barrel, and without turning the gage or the device,
connect the gage to the device by interconnecting the male and female connectors.
Connect the nut finger-tight. Do not overtighten.
b. Using an open-end wrench to keep the device body from rotating, use the torque
wrench included in the kit to tighten the connecting nut to the specified torque. Refer
to “Final Connection Using a Torque Wrench” on page 4-14 for additional
information.
c. Gently tap the barrel of the gage with your finger to settle the gage reading.
d. Read the gage indicator dial. Read only the black ± signs; not the red ± signs.
For maximum accuracy, measure the connector a minimum of three times and take
an average of the readings. After each measurement, rotate the gage a quarter-turn
to reduce measurement variations that result from the gage or the connector face not
being exactly perpendicular to the center axis.
e. Compare the average reading with the observed pin depth limits in Table 2-2 on page
2-4.
4-8
85053B
Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices
Gaging Connectors
Figure 4-2
85053B
Gaging 3.5 mm Connectors
4-9
Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices
Gaging Connectors
Gaging the Airline
The airlines in this kit are measured and matched for length at the factory using special
fixtures and gages. Because the gages supplied in the calibration kits do not have the
accuracy of the factory gages, use the following procedure for very general results only.
Perform this procedure whenever you suspect that a center conductor has been switched
with another airline or that a device has been damaged.
NOTE
Always hold a connector gage by the gage barrel, below the dial indicator.
This gives the best stability, and improves measurement accuracy.
1. Select a male connector gage and male short for this procedure. Refer to Table 7-2 on
page 7-3 for part numbers.
2. Inspect and clean the mating surfaces and connector threads of the short, airline, and
gage. Refer to “Visual Inspection” and “Cleaning Connectors” earlier in this chapter.
3. Zero the connector gage (refer to Figure 4-3):
a. While holding the gage by the barrel and without turning the gage or the short,
connect the gage to the short by interconnecting the male and female connectors.
Connect the nut finger tight. Do not overtighten.
b. Using an open-end wrench to keep the device body from rotating, use the torque
wrench recommended for use with this kit to tighten the connecting nut to the
specified torque. Refer to “Final Connection Using a Torque Wrench” on page 4-14 for
additional information.
c. As you watch the gage pointer, gently tap the barrel of the gage to settle the reading.
d. The gage pointer should line up exactly with the zero mark on the gage. If not, loosen
the dial lock screw on the gage and rotate the gage dial so that the pointer is aligned
with the zero mark. Tighten the dial lock screw.
e. Without turning the short or the gage, remove the short from the gage. Refer to “How
to Separate a Connection” on page 4-18.
Figure 4-3
4-10
Zeroing the Connector Gage Using the Short
85053B
Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices
Gaging Connectors
4. Assemble the airline and center conductor (refer to Figure 4-4):
CAUTION
Wear gloves while performing the following steps. You will be touching the
exposed center conductor of the airline. Do not transfer oil or dirt from your
fingers to the center conductor. See “Handling and Storage” on page 4-18.
a. Remove the center conductor from its plastic case. Make sure you select the correct
center conductor for the airline you are connecting. Refer to Figure 2-3 and
Figure 2-4 on page 2-5 for illustrations of both center conductors.
b. Remove the protective end cap from the female end (the end without the connecting
nut) of the outer conductor.
c. Leave the protective end cap on the male end of the airline to prevent the center
conductor from falling out of the outer conductor.
d. Insert the center conductor into the outer conductor so that the female end of the
center conductor is toward the female end of the outer conductor (the end without
the connector nut). Refer to Figure 4-4.
Figure 4-4
Assembling the Airline and Center Conductor
5. Attach the short:
a. Without turning the airline or the short, connect the airline to the short by
interconnecting the male and female connectors. Connect the nut finger tight. Do not
overtighten.
b. Using an open-end wrench to keep the device body from rotating, use the torque
wrench recommended for use with this kit to tighten the connecting nut to the
specified torque. Refer to “Final Connection Using a Torque Wrench” on page 4-14 for
additional information.
c. Remove the protective end cap from the male end of the airline.
NOTE
85053B
Do not allow either the center or outer conductor of the airline to come in
contact with a metal or harder surface. The soft gold plating can be displaced,
changing the pin depth and thus the performance of the airline.
4-11
Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices
Gaging Connectors
d. Carefully press the male end of the center conductor lightly against a firm flat object
to seat the center conductor into the short.
6. Gage the airline (refer to Figure 4-5):
a. While holding the gage by the barrel, and without turning the gage or the airline,
connect the gage to the airline by interconnecting the male and female connectors.
Connect the nut finger tight. Do not overtighten.
b. Using an open-end wrench to keep the device body from rotating, use the torque
wrench recommended for use with this kit to tighten the connecting nut to the
specified torque. Refer to “Final Connection Using a Torque Wrench” on page 4-14 for
additional information.
c. Gently tap the barrel of the gage with your finger to settle the gage reading.
Figure 4-5
Gaging the Airline
d. Wait approximately 5 minutes for the temperature to stabilize. Do not touch the
airline, short, or gage during this time as your body temperature will affect the
temperature of the devices.
The gage reading should be within the pin depth specifications listed in Table 2-2 on
page 2-4. Remember, the gage is intended for coarse measurements only and has an
accuracy of ±0.0001 in.
7. Disconnect the short and gage from the airline:
NOTE
If the airline center conductor does not disengage from the device center
conductor, gently pull the center conductors apart and then push the airline
center conductor back inside the outer conductor of the airline.
a. Without turning the airline or the gage, remove the gage from the airline. Refer to
“How to Separate a Connection” on page 4-18.
4-12
85053B
Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices
Gaging Connectors
b. Replace the protective end cap on the airline to prevent the center conductor from
sliding out of the outer conductor.
c. Without turning the airline or the short, remove the short from the airline. Refer to
“How to Separate a Connection” on page 4-18.
d. If you will not be using the airline again immediately, slide the center conductor out
of the outer conductor and store the center conductor in the plastic case provided.
e. Replace the other protective end cap on the outer conductor and store the center and
outer conductors in the foam lined storage case.
85053B
4-13
Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices
Connections
Connections
Good connections require a skilled operator. The most common cause of measurement error
is bad connections. The following procedures illustrate how to make good connections.
How to Make a Connection
Preliminary Connection
1. Ground yourself and all devices. Wear a grounded wrist strap and work on a grounded,
conductive table mat. Refer to “Electrostatic Discharge” on page 4-2 for ESD
precautions.
2. Visually inspect the connectors. Refer to “Visual Inspection” on page 4-3.
3. If necessary, clean the connectors. Refer to “Cleaning Connectors” on page 4-5.
4. Use a connector gage to verify that all center conductors are within the pin depth values
listed in Table 2-2 on page 2-4. Refer to “Gaging Connectors” on page 4-7.
5. Carefully align the connectors. The male connector center pin must slip concentrically
into the contact finger of the female connector.
6. Push the connectors straight together and tighten the connector nut finger tight.
CAUTION
Do not turn the device body. Turn only the connector nut. Damage to the
center conductor can occur if the device body is rotated.
Do not twist or screw the connectors together. As the center conductors mate, there is
usually a slight resistance.
7. The preliminary connection is tight enough when the mating plane surfaces make
uniform, light contact. Do not overtighten this connection.
A connection in which the outer conductors make gentle contact at all points on both
mating surfaces is sufficient. Very light finger pressure is enough to accomplish this.
8. Make sure the connectors are properly supported. Relieve any side pressure on the
connection from long or heavy devices or cables.
Final Connection Using a Torque Wrench
Use a torque wrench to make a final connection. Table 4-1 provides information about the
torque wrench recommended for use with the calibration kit. A torque wrench is not
included in the calibration kit. Refer to Table 7-2 on page 7-3 for part number and ordering
information.
Table 4-1
Torque Wrench Information
Connector Type
Torque Setting
Torque Tolerance
3.5 mm
90 N-cm (8 in-lb)
±9.0 N-cm (±0.8 in-lb)
4-14
85053B
Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices
Connections
Using a torque wrench guarantees that the connection is not too tight, preventing possible
connector damage. It also guarantees that all connections are equally tight each time.
Prevent the rotation of anything other than the connector nut that you are tightening. It
may be possible to do this by hand if one of the connectors is fixed (as on a test port).
However, it is recommended that you use an open-end wrench to keep the body of the
device from turning.
1. Position both wrenches within 90 degrees of each other before applying force. See
Figure 4-6. Wrenches opposing each other (greater than 90 degrees apart) will cause a
lifting action which can misalign and stress the connections of the devices involved.
This is especially true when several devices are connected together.
Figure 4-6
Wrench Positions
2. Hold the torque wrench lightly, at the end of the handle only (beyond the groove). See
Figure 4-7.
Figure 4-7
Using the Torque Wrench
3. Apply downward force perpendicular to the wrench handle. This applies torque to the
connection through the wrench.
Do not hold the wrench so tightly that you push the handle straight down along its
length rather than pivoting it, otherwise you apply an unknown amount of torque.
85053B
4-15
Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices
Connections
CAUTION
You don’t have to fully break the handle of the torque wrench to reach the
specified torque; doing so can cause the handle to kick back and loosen the
connection. Any give at all in the handle is sufficient torque.
4. Tighten the connection just to the torque wrench break point. The wrench handle gives
way at its internal pivot point. See Figure 4-7. Do not tighten the connection further.
Connecting the Airline
CAUTION
Before making any connections to the test set, be sure that bias power to the
test set is off, and take care to avoid electrostatic discharge. Refer to
“Electrostatic Discharge” on page 4-2.
CAUTION
Wear gloves while performing the following procedure. You will be touching
the exposed center conductor of the airline. It is important that you do not
transfer oil and dirt from your fingers to this center conductors. Refer to
“Handling and Storage” on page 4-18.
Before making the connection, refer to “Preliminary Connection” on page 4-14.
Cables with the appropriate adapters on the ends should be connected to PORT 1 and
PORT 2 of the network analyzer.
1. Remove the center conductor from its plastic case. Make sure you select the correct
center conductor for the airline you are connecting. Refer to Figure 2-3 and Figure 2-4
on page 2-5 for illustrations of both center conductors.
2. Remove the protective end cap from the female end (the end without the connecting
nut) of the airline.
3. Leave the protective end cap on the male end of the airline to prevent the center
conductor from falling out of the outer conductor.
Figure 4-8
Airline Center Conductor Placement
4. Insert the female end of the center conductor into the outer conductor so that the female
end of the center conductor is toward the female end of the outer conductor (the end
without the connector nut). Refer to Figure 4-8.
4-16
85053B
Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices
Connections
NOTE
To avoid damaging the airline center conductor, always keep it in direct line
with the center conductor of the device to which it is being connected.
5. Bring the airline—with center conductor installed—toward the cable connector and
mate the female end of the airline center conductor with the center conductor of the
cable connector. Refer to Figure 4-9.
Figure 4-9
Connecting the Airline
6. Push the airline's female coupling sleeve forward and turn the connecting nut (of the
adapter attached to the cable) to mate the outer conductor of the airline with the
adapter. Connect the nut finger tight. Do not overtighten.
7. Remove the protective end cap from the male end of the airline. Align and insert the
male end of the airline center conductor into the female end of the cable adapter and
mate the outer conductors. Connect the nut finger tight. Do not overtighten.
8. Using an open-end wrench, hold the sliding female coupling sleeve on the female end of
the outer conductor to keep it from rotating. Refer to Figure 4-10. Use the torque
wrench recommended for use with this kit to tighten the adapter connecting nut to the
specified torque. Refer to “Final Connection Using a Torque Wrench” on page 4-14.
9. Using an open-end wrench to keep the cable adapter from rotating, use the torque
wrench recommended for use with this kit to tighten the airline male-end connecting
nut to the specified torque.
Figure 4-10
85053B
Torquing the Connections
4-17
Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices
Handling and Storage
How to Separate a Connection
NOTE
Do not turn the device body. Only turn the connector nut. Damage to the
center conductor can occur if the device body is rotated.
1. Use an open-end wrench to prevent the device body from turning.
2. Use another open-end wrench to loosen the connector nut.
3. Complete the disconnection by hand, turning only the connector nut.
4. Pull the connectors straight apart without twisting, rocking, or bending either of the
connectors.
NOTE
If disconnecting an airline and the airline center conductor does not
disengage from the device center conductor, gently pull the center conductors
apart and then push the airline center conductor back inside the outer
conductor of the airline.
Handling and Storage
• Do install the protective end caps and store the devices in the foam-lined storage case
when not in use.
• Do keep connectors and airlines clean.
• Do not store connectors and airlines loose in a box, or in a desk or bench drawer. This is
the most common cause of connector damage during storage.
• Do not touch mating plane surfaces. Natural skin oils and microscopic particles of dirt
are easily transferred to a connector interface and are very difficult to remove.
• Do not set connectors contact-end down on a hard surface. The plating and the mating
plane surfaces can be damaged if the interface comes in contact with any hard surface.
4-18
85053B
5 Performance Verification
5- 1
Performance Verification
Introduction
Introduction
The performance of your verification kit can only be verified by returning the kit to Agilent
Technologies for recertification. The equipment required to verify the specifications of the
devices in the kit has been specially manufactured and is not commercially available.
How Agilent Verifies the Devices in Your Kit
Agilent verifies the specifications of these devices as follows:
1. The residual microwave error terms of the test system are verified with precision
airlines and shorts that are directly traced to the National Institute of Standards and
Technology (NIST). The airline and short characteristics are developed from mechanical
measurements. The mechanical measurements and material properties are carefully
modeled to give very accurate electrical representation. The mechanical measurements
are then traced to NIST through various plug and ring gages and other mechanical
measurements.
2. Each device is electrically tested on this system. For the initial (before sale) testing of
the devices, Agilent includes the test measurement uncertainty as a guardband to
guarantee each device meets the published specification. For recertifications (after
sale), no guardband is used and the measured data is compared directly with the
specification to determine the pass or fail status. The measurement uncertainty for
each device is, however, recorded in the calibration report that accompanies recertified
kits.
These two steps establish a traceable link to NIST for Agilent to the extent allowed by the
institute’s calibration facility. The specifications data provided for the devices in the kit is
traceable to NIST through Agilent Technologies.
5-2
85053B
Performance Verification
Recertification
Recertification
The following will be provided with a recertified kit:
• a new calibration sticker affixed to the case
• a certificate of calibration
• a calibration report for each device in the kit listing measured values, specifications,
and uncertainties
NOTE
A list of NIST traceable numbers may be purchased upon request to be
included in the calibration report.
Agilent Technologies offers a Standard calibration for the recertification of the kit. For
more information, contact Agilent Technologies. See Table 6-1 on page 6-4 for contact
information.
How Often to Recertify
The suggested initial interval for recertification is 12 months or sooner. The actual need for
recertification depends on the use of the kit. After reviewing the results of the initial
recertification, you may establish a different recertification interval that reflects the usage
and wear of the kit.
NOTE
The recertification interval should begin on the date the kit is first used after
the recertification date.
Where to Send a Kit for Recertification
Contact Agilent Technologies for information on where to send your kit for recertification.
Contact information is listed on page 6-4. Refer to “Returning a Kit or Device to Agilent
Technologies” on page 6-4 for details on sending your kit.
85053B
5-3
Performance Verification
Recertification
5-4
85053B
6 Troubleshooting
6- 1
Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting Process
Troubleshooting Process
If your network analyzer does not pass performance verification, follow the steps in
Figure 6-1 to determine the cause of the failure and the correct action to take to correct the
failure.
Compatible Network Analyzers
The devices in this kit and their data are compatible with the following network analyzers:
• 8510 Series
• 8719 Series, 8720 Series, and 8722 Series
• PNA Series
The data disk provided for use with each of the above listed network analyzers contains
the factory-measured S-parameter data for the devices in this kit. It also contains the
uncertainty limits used in the system verification procedure. This data is unique to each
kit.
It is recommended that a backup copy of the data disk and the data printout be made
immediately upon receipt of the verification disk. Refer to Chapter 3 , “Duplicating Your
Verification Data,” for instructions.
6-2
85053B
Troubleshooting
Compatible Network Analyzers
Figure 6-1
85053B
Troubleshooting Flowchart
6-3
Troubleshooting
Returning a Kit or Device to Agilent Technologies
Returning a Kit or Device to Agilent Technologies
If your kit or device requires service, contact Agilent Technologies for information on
where to send it. See Table 6-1 for contact information. Include a service tag (located at the
back of this manual) on which you provide the following information:
• your company name and address.
• a technical contact person within your company, and the person's complete phone
number including country code and area code.
• the model number and serial number of the kit (if returning a complete kit)
• the part number and serial number of each device being returned
•
the type of service required
•
a detailed description of the problem (if applicable) and how the device was being used
when the problem occurred.
Contacting Agilent
Table 6-1 Contacting Agilent
Online assistance: www.agilent.com/find/assist
United States
(tel) 1 800 452 4844
Latin America
(tel) (305) 269 7500
(fax) (305) 269 7599
Canada
(tel) 1 877 894 4414
(fax) (905) 282-6495
Europe
(tel) (+31) 20 547 2323
(fax) (+31) 20 547 2390
New Zealand
(tel) 0 800 738 378
(fax) (+64) 4 495 8950
Japan
(tel) (+81) 426 56 7832
(fax) (+81) 426 56 7840
Australia
(tel) 1 800 629 485
(fax) (+61) 3 9210 5947
Singapore
(tel) 1 800 375 8100
(fax) (65) 836 0252
Malaysia
(tel) 1 800 828 848
(fax) 1 800 801 664
Philippines
(tel) (632) 8426802
(tel) (PLDT subscriber only):
1 800 16510170
(fax) (632) 8426809
(fax) (PLDT subscriber only):
1 800 16510288
Thailand
(tel) outside Bangkok:
(088) 226 008
(tel) within Bangkok:
(662) 661 3999
(fax) (66) 1 661 3714
Hong Kong
(tel) 800 930 871
(fax) (852) 2506 9233
Taiwan
(tel) 0800-047-866
(fax) (886) 2 25456723
People’s Republic of
China
(tel) (preferred):
800-810-0189
(tel) (alternate):
10800-650-0021
(fax) 10800-650-0121
India
(tel) 1-600-11-2929
(fax) 000-800-650-1101
6-4
85053B
7 Replaceable Parts
7- 1
Replaceable Parts
Introduction
Introduction
Table 7-1 lists the replacement part numbers for items included in the 85053B verification
kit.
Table 7-2 lists the replacement part numbers for items not included in the verification kit
that are either required or recommended for successful operation of the kit.
To order a listed part, note the description, the part number, and the quantity desired.
Telephone or send your order to Agilent Technologies. See Table 6-1 on page 6-4 for contact
information.
Table 7-1
Replaceable Parts for the 85053B 3.5 mm Verification Kit
Description
Qty
Per Kit
Agilent Part
Number
Attenuators
20 dB attenuator with data
1
85053-60001
40 dB attenuator with data
1
85053-60002
50Ω airline with data
1
85053-60008
25Ω mismatch airline with data
1
85053-60009
Box (including foam pads)
1
85053-60007
Box (without foam pads)
1
5180-7899
Foam pad (for lid)
1
5180-8490
Foam pad (for lower case)
1
85053-80017
1
85053-90028
Verification data disk (8510C)
1
85053-10003
Verification data disk (8719 and 8720)
1
85053-10002
Verification data disk (8722)
1
85053-10004
Verification data disk (PNA series)
1
85053-10005
Airlines
Verification Kit Storage Case
User’s and Service Guide
User’s and service guide
Verification Data Media
7-2
85053B
Replaceable Parts
Introduction
Table 7-2
Items Not Included in the Verification Kit
Description
Qty
Agilent Part
Number
Connector Gages (3.5 mm)
1
11752-60106
1
11752-60105
Male shorta (for gaging airlines)
1
85052-60006
Male shortb (for gaging airlines)
1
85033-60020
1
85052-60049
5/16 in, 90N-cm (8 in-lb) torque wrench
1
8710-1765
5/16 in open-end wrench
1
8720-0015
Grounding wrist strap
1
9300-1367
5 ft grounding cord for wrist strap
1
9300-0980
2 x 4 ft conductive table mat and 15 ft ground wire
1
9300-0797
ESD heel strap (for conductive floors)
1
9300-1308
30 ml
8500-5344
100
9301-1243
Male connector gage set
a
Female connector gage seta
Short (3.5 mm)
Slotless Connector Repair Kit (3.5 mm)
Slotless connector contact repair kit c
Wrenches
ESD Protection Devices
Connector Cleaning Supplies
Isopropyl alcohol
Cleaning swabs
a. Included in the 85052B 3.5 mm calibration kit.
b. Included in the 85033E 3.5 mm calibration kit.
c. All female connectors on the precision devices in this kit are slotless connectors. Refer to “Precision
Slotless Connectors” on page 1-5.
85053B
7-3
Replaceable Parts
Introduction
Figure 7-1
7-4
Component Identification Sheet
85053B
Index
A
Agilent Technologies
contacting, 6-4
liabilities, ii
warranty, ii
agreements
customer assistance, ii
warranty, ii
airline
assembling, 4-11, 4-16
attaching the short, 4-11
connecting, 4-16
dimensions, 2-4
center conductor, 2-5
outer conductor, 2-4
disconnecting, 4-18
gaging, 4-10, 4-12
mechanical characteristics, 2-4
mismatch, 2-5
part numbers, 7-2
alcohol
isopropyl
as cleaning solvent, 4-5
precautions for use of, 4-5
altitude
specifications, 2-2
assistance
customer, ii
who to contact, ii
attenuators
part numbers, 7-2
B
box
pads
part numbers, 7-2
part number, 7-2
C
calibration
bad, 6-2
certificate of, 5-3
kits
intended to be used, 1-2
MIL-STD 45662, 5-3
report, 5-3
temperature, 2-2
case
storage
part number, 7-2
certificate of calibration, 5-3
characteristics
mechanical, 2-3
supplemental, 2-3
cleaning connectors, 4-5
compatibility
85053B
with analyzers, 6-2
compressed air or nitrogen , 4-5
conductive table mat
for ESD protection, 4-2
part number, 7-3
conductor
mating plane, 2-3
connections, 4-2, 4-14
airline, 4-16
ESD protection, 4-14
final, 4-14
preliminary, 4-14
separating, 4-18
using torque wrench, 4-14
connector
cleaning, 4-5
conventional, 1-5, 4-4
damage, 4-3
defects, 4-3
female, 1-5, 4-4
gage
accuracy, 4-7
handling, 4-7, 4-8, 4-10
part numbers, 7-3
use of, 4-7
zeroing, 4-7, 4-8, 4-10
gaging, 4-7, 4-8
to determine pin depth, 4-7
when to do, 4-7
mating plane surfaces, 2-3, 4-6
cleaning, 4-6
sex, 1-6
clarifying, 1-6
slotless, 1-5, 4-4
accuracy, 1-5, 4-4
characteristics , 1-5
slotless repair kit
part number, 7-3
slotted, 1-5, 4-4
accuracy, 1-5, 4-4
threads
cleaning, 4-5
inspecting, 4-3
visual inspection, 4-3
wear, 4-3
affect on electrical
performance, 4-3
contacting Agilent Technologies,
6-4
contents
drawing of, 7-4
verification kit, 7-4
cord
grounding
part number, 7-3
D
damage
caused by electrostatic
discharge, 4-2
device, 4-3
inspecting for, 1-3, 4-3
to connectors, 4-3
what to do, 1-3
damaged connectors, 4-3
data
recertification, 5-3
data disk
duplicating
8510C, 3-2
8719/20/22, 3-3
PNA Series, 3-5
verification
part number, 7-2
defective connectors, 4-3
defects
connector, 4-3
device
compatibility
with analyzers, 6-2
conductor
mating plane, 2-3
connecting, 4-14
damage, 4-3
disconnecting, 4-18
handling, 4-18
maintenance, 1-6
performance
verifying, 5-2
pin depth, 2-3
specifications, 2-6
traceability, 5-2, 5-3
storage, 4-18
temperature, 2-2
visual inspection, 4-3
dimensions
airline, 2-4
center conductor, 2-5
outer conductor, 2-4
device
center conductor, 2-3
outer conductor, 2-3
disconnections, 4-18
disk
duplicating
8510C, 3-2
8719/20/22, 3-3
PNA Series, 3-5
verification data
part number, 7-2
duplicating
verification data disk
8510C, 3-2
Index-1
Index
verification disk
8719/20/22, 3-3
PNA Series, 3-5
E
electrical specifications, 2-6
electrostatic discharge, See ESD
environmental
regulations, 4-5
requirements, 2-2
specifications, 2-2
equipment required, 1-3
ESD , 4-2
conductive floor, 4-2
conductive table mat, 4-2
heel strap, 4-2
precautions, 4-2, 4-5
protection, 4-2
protection setup, 4-2
supplies, 4-2
part numbers, 7-3
wrist strap, 4-2
exclusive remedies, ii
F
female connectors, 4-4
inspection of, 4-4
flowchart
troubleshooting, 6-3
frequency range, 1-2
G
gage
connector
handling, 4-8, 4-10
part numbers, 7-3
zeroing using short, 4-10
zeroing, 4-8
gaging
airline, 4-10, 4-12
connectors, 4-7, 4-8
when to do, 4-7
procedures, 4-8
to determine pin depth, 4-7
grounding cord
part number, 7-3
H
handling, 4-18
heel strap
for ESD protection, 4-2
part number, 7-3
humidity
specifications, 2-2
Index-2
I
incoming inspection, 1-3
inspection
damage, 4-3
defects, 4-3
female connectors, 4-4
incoming, 1-3
mating plane surfaces, 4-3
visual, 4-3
isopropyl alcohol
as cleaning solvent, 4-5
precautions for use of, 4-5
K
kit
calibration
intended to be used, 1-2
contents, 1-2, 7-4
drawing of, 7-4
frequency range, 1-2
misuse of, ii
overview, 1-2
performance
how Agilent verifies , 5-2
verifying, 5-2
warranty, ii
L
liability , ii
M
maintenance, 4-2
improper or inadequate, ii
of devices, 1-6
preventive, 1-6
making connections, 4-14
ESD protection, 4-14
precautions, 4-14
manual
part number, 7-2
mat
conductive
part number, 7-3
for ESD protection, 4-2
mating plane
conductor, 2-3
surfaces
cleaning, 4-6
connector, 4-6
inspection of, 4-3
mechanical characteristics, 2-3
verifying, 4-7
mechanical integrity, 2-3
MIL-STD 45662
calibration, 5-3
mismatch airline, 2-5
misuse
of product, ii
modification
unauthorized, ii
N
National Institute of Standards
and Technology (NIST), 2-6,
5-2
nitrogen, 4-5
numbers
replaceable parts, 7-2
serial
recording, 1-4
O
open-end
wrench
part number, 7-3
open-end wrench, 4-18
options, 1-3
ordering parts, 7-2
P
part numbers, 7-2
of items in kit, 7-2
of items not in kit, 7-3
parts
included in kit, 7-2
not included in kit, 7-2, 7-3
ordering, 7-2
replaceable, 7-2
performance verification
fail, 6-2
pin depth, 2-3
definition of, 2-3
gaging to determine, 4-7
observed limits, 4-7
protrusion, 2-3
recession, 2-3
specifications, 2-4
precision slotless connector (PSC),
1-5, 4-4
preventive maintenance, 1-6
protrusion, pin depth, 2-3
R
recertification
how to order, 5-3
interval, 5-3
what’s included, 5-3
where it’s done, 5-3
recession, pin depth, 2-3
regulations
environmental, 4-5
remedies, exclusive, ii
85053B
Index
replaceable parts, 7-2, 7-4
drawing of, 7-4
report, calibration, 5-3
requirements
environmental, 2-2
return
kit or device to Agilent, 6-4
S
separating connections, 4-18
serial numbers
devices, 1-4
recording, 1-4
service, 6-4
service tag, 6-4
shipment
verifying complete, 1-3
short
attaching to airline, 4-11
part number, 7-3
using to zero gage, 4-10
slotless connector, 1-5, 4-4
accuracy, 1-5, 4-4
characteristics, 1-5
repair kit
part number, 7-3
slotted connector, 1-5, 4-4
accuracy, 1-5, 4-4
specifications, 2-2
altitude
operating , 2-2
storage, 2-2
device, 2-6
electrical, 2-6
environmental, 2-2
humidity
operating , 2-2
storage, 2-2
pin depth, 2-4
temperature, 2-2
torque wrench, 4-14
traceability, 5-2, 5-3
standards
National Institute of Standards
and Technology (NIST), 5-2
static discharge, See ESD
storage, 4-18
storage case
part number, 7-2
strap
heel
part number, 7-3
wrist
part number, 7-3
supplemental characteristics, 2-3
85053B
T
table mat
for ESD protection, 4-2
tag, service, 6-4
temperature
affect on electrical performance,
2-2
calibration, 2-2
cautions about, 2-2
changes in, 2-2
device, 2-2
error-corrected, 2-2
measurement, 2-2
specifications, 2-2
operating, 2-2
storage, 2-2
verification and measurement,
2-2
test data, 5-3
threads
connector
cleaning, 4-5
inspecting, 4-3
torque wrench
part number, 7-3
specifications, 4-14
traceability
of device specifications, 5-2, 5-3
troubleshooting, 6-2
flowchart, 6-3
W
warranty, ii
limitation of, ii
service or repair, ii
wear
connector, 4-3
affect on electrical
performance, 4-3
wrench
open-end, 4-15, 4-18
part number, 7-3
proper positioning of, 4-15
torque, 4-14, 4-15
part number, 7-3
precautions for use of, 4-15
proper use of, 4-15
wrist strap
for ESD protection, 4-2
part number, 7-3
Z
zeroing
connector gage, 4-8
using short, 4-10
U
user’s and service guide
part number, 7-2
V
verification
temperature, 2-2
verification data disk
duplicating
8510C , 3-2
8719/20/22, 3-3
PNA Series, 3-5
part number, 7-2
verification kit
contents, 1-2, 7-4
drawing of, 7-4
frequency range, 1-2
misuse of, ii
overview, 1-2
performance
how Agilent verifies, 5-2
verifying, 5-2
warranty, ii
visual inspection, 4-3
Index-3
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