NetScaler 9.3 Hardware Installation

NetScaler 9.3 Hardware Installation
Hardware Installation
2015-04-28 17:41:17 UTC
© 2015 Citrix Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Terms of Use | Trademarks | Privacy Statement
Contents
Hardware Installation ........................................................................................
4
Hardware Installation ...........................................................................
5
Introduction to the Hardware Platforms ................................................
6
Common Hardware Components ....................................................
7
LCD Display .......................................................................
8
Ports ...............................................................................
13
Field Replaceable Units.........................................................
21
Power Supply................................................................
22
CompactFlash Card.........................................................
26
Solid-State Drive............................................................
29
Hard Disk Drive .............................................................
32
Direct Attach Cable ........................................................
34
Hardware Platforms...................................................................
36
Citrix NetScaler 9010 FIPS ......................................................
37
Citrix NetScaler 12000-10G.....................................................
39
Citrix NetScaler MPX 5500 ......................................................
41
Citrix NetScaler MPX 5550 and MPX 5650 ....................................
43
Citrix NetScaler MPX 7500 and MPX 9500 ....................................
45
Citrix NetScaler MPX 8200, MPX 8400, MPX 8600, and MPX 8800
48
Citrix NetScaler MPX 9700, MPX 10500, MPX 12500, and MPX 15500
51
Citrix NetScaler MPX 11500,MPX 13500,MPX 14500,MPX 16500,MPX
18500, andMPX 20500 ...........................................................
54
Citrix NetScaler MPX 11515, MPX 11520, MPX 11530, MPX 11540, and
MPX 11542.........................................................................
56
Citrix NetScaler MPX 15000 ....................................................
58
Citrix NetScaler MPX 17000 ....................................................
60
Citrix NetScaler MPX 17500, MPX 19500, and MPX 21500..................
62
Citrix NetScaler MPX 17550, MPX 19550, MPX 20550, and MPX 21550
64
Citrix NetScaler MPX 22040, MPX 22060, MPX 22080, MPX 22100, and
MPX 22120.........................................................................
66
Summary of Hardware Specifications ..............................................
69
2
3
Preparing for Installation ..................................................................
75
Unpacking the Appliance.............................................................
76
Preparing the Site and Rack .........................................................
77
Cautions and Warnings ...............................................................
79
Installing the Hardware....................................................................
82
Rack Mounting the Appliance........................................................
83
Installing and Removing 1G SFP Transceivers.....................................
88
Installing and Removing XFP and 10G SFP+ Transceivers .......................
91
Connecting the Cables................................................................
95
Switching on the Appliance ..........................................................
98
Initial Configuration ........................................................................
99
Using the LCD Keypad ................................................................
100
Using the NetScaler Serial Console .................................................
102
Using the Setup Wizard...............................................................
105
Using DHCP for Initial Access ........................................................
107
Accessing a NetScaler by Using SSH Keys and No Password.....................
112
Changing the Administrative Password ............................................
115
Lights Out Management Port of the NetScaler Appliance ............................
116
Migrating the Configuration of an Existing NetScaler Appliance to Another
NetScaler Appliance ........................................................................
121
Troubleshooting.............................................................................
123
Hardware Installation
The following sections describe the hardware installation and initial configuration for all
NetScaler hardware platforms.
Introduction to the Hardware Platforms
Describes the NetScaler hardware
platforms and provides detailed
information about each platform and its
components.
Preparing for Installation
Describes how to unpack the NetScaler
appliance and prepare the site and rack for
installing the appliance. Lists the cautions
and warnings that you should review
before you install the appliance.
Installing the Hardware
Describes the steps to install the rails,
mount the hardware, connect the cables,
and turn on the appliance.
Initial Configuration
Describes how to perform initial
configuration of your NetScaler appliance
and assign management and network IP
addresses.
Lights Out Management Port of the
NetScaler Appliance
Describes the different operations you can
perform on your NetScaler appliance by
using the Lights Out Management Port.
For information about NetScaler hardware and software compatibility and the supported
upgrade and downgrade paths, see http://support.citrix.com/article/CTX113357.
4
Introduction to the Hardware Platforms
The NetScaler hardware platforms range from the single processor MPX 5500 platform to
the high-capacity, MPX 22040/22060/22080/22100/22120 hardware platform. The various
NetScaler hardware platforms are similar in that they use the same types of components,
but different models provide different hardware capabilities. All NetScaler hardware
platforms support the NetScaler software.
Some of the hardware platforms are available as dedicated application firewall appliances
or secure application access appliances.
5
Introduction to the Hardware Platforms
The NetScaler hardware platforms range from the single processor MPX 5500 platform to
the high-capacity, MPX 22040/22060/22080/22100/22120 hardware platform. The various
NetScaler hardware platforms are similar in that they use the same types of components,
but different models provide different hardware capabilities. All NetScaler hardware
platforms support the NetScaler software.
Some of the hardware platforms are available as dedicated application firewall appliances
or secure application access appliances.
6
Common Hardware Components
Each platform has front panel and back panel hardware components. The front panel has an
LCD display and an RS232 serial console port. The number, type, and location of
ports—copper Ethernet, copper and fiber 1G SFP, 10G SFP+, and XFP—vary by hardware
platform. The back panel provides access to the fan and the field replaceable units (power
supplies, CompactFlash card, and solid-state and hard-disk drives).
7
LCD Display
The LCD display on the front of every appliance displays messages about the current
operating status of the appliance. These messages communicate whether your appliance
has started properly and is operating normally. If the appliance is not operating normally,
the LCD displays troubleshooting messages.
The LCD displays real-time statistics, diagnostic information, and active alerts. The
dimensions of the LCD limit the display to two lines of 16 characters each, causing the
displayed information to flow through a sequence of screens. Each screen shows
information about a specific function.
The LCD has a neon backlight. Normally, the backlight glows steadily. When there is an
active alert, it blinks rapidly. If the alert information exceeds the LCD screen size, the
backlight blinks at the beginning of each display screen. When the appliance shuts down,
the backlight remains on for one minute and then automatically turns off.
There are nine types of display screens on the LCD display. The first two screens in the
following list, the booting screen and the startup screen, appear when your appliance is
starting up. The other screens, except the out-of-service screen, can appear while the
appliance is operating. They show configuration information, alerts, HTTP information,
network traffic information, CPU load information, and port information for your appliance.
Booting Screen.
The booting screen is displayed immediately after the appliance is turned on. The first
line displays the hardware platform, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 1. LCD Booting Screen
The newer MPX appliances display NSMPX followed by the platform number in the first
line. For example, the MPX 7500/9500 appliances display NSMPX-7500. To view the model
number, at the NetScaler command line, type show license. Scroll to the end of the
command output to view the model number.
Startup Screen.
The startup screen is displayed for a few seconds after the appliance successfully begins
operation. The first line displays the hardware platform, and the second line displays the
software version and build number, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 2. LCD Startup Screen
Out-of-Service Screen.
8
LCD Display
The out-of-service screen is displayed when the appliance has undergone a controlled
shutdown, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 3. LCD Out-of-service Screen
Configuration Screen.
The first line displays the appliance status (STA, PRI, or SEC) and uptime. STA indicates
that the appliance is in standalone mode, PRI indicates that the appliance is a primary
node in a high availability (HA) pair, and SEC indicates that the appliance is a secondary
node in an HA pair. Appliance uptime is displayed in HH:MM format. The second line
displays the IP address of the appliance, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 4. LCD Configuration Screen
Alert Screen.
The first line displays the appliance status (STA, PRI, or SEC). STA indicates that the
appliance is in standalone mode, PRI indicates that the appliance is a primary node in a
high availability (HA) pair, and SEC indicates that the appliance is a secondary node in an
HA pair. The second line displays the IP address of the appliance.
Figure 5. LCD Known Alert Screen
HTTP Statistics Screen.
The first line displays the rate of HTTP GETS per second. The second line displays the
rate of HTTP POSTS per second, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 6. LCD HTTP Statistics Screen
Network Traffic Statistics Screen.
The first line displays the rate at which data is received, in megabits per second. The
second line displays the rate of data transmission, in megabits per second, as shown in
the following figure.
Figure 7. LCD Network Traffic Statistics
Screen
9
LCD Display
CPU Load, Memory, and Connections Screen.
The first line displays CPU utilization and memory utilization as percentages. The second
line displays the ratio of the number of server connections to the number of client
connections.
Note: If the number of server or client connections exceeds 99,999, the number is
displayed in thousands, indicated by the letter K.
Figure 8. LCD CPU Load, Memory, and
Connections Screen
Port Information Screen.
The S row displays port speed, flow control, and duplex information. The R row displays
megabits received per second on the interface. The first port in each row is the
management port.
Figure 9. Port Information for an 8-port Appliance
Figure 10. Port Information for a 10-port Appliance
The following table defines the various abbreviations and symbols that appear in the S
row of the port information screen.
Table 1. Port Abbreviations and Symbols for S Row
S row abbreviation/symbol
Indicates
A rate of 10
megabits per
second, full
duplex mode,
and flow
control OFF.
10
LCD Display
A rate of 100
megabits per
second, full
duplex mode,
and flow
control OFF.
A rate of 1
gigabit per
second, full
duplex mode,
and flow
control OFF.
A rate of 10
gigabits per
second, full
duplex mode,
and flow
control OFF.
A disconnected
port.
Note: The R
row does not
display an
abbreviation
or symbol for
a
disconnected
port.
Receive flow
control
regardless of
speed or
duplex mode.
Transmit flow
control
regardless of
speed or
duplex mode.
Receive and
transmit flow
control
regardless of
speed or
duplex mode.
A rate of 10
megabits per
second, half
duplex mode,
and flow
control OFF.
11
LCD Display
A rate of 100
megabits per
second, half
duplex mode,
and flow
control OFF.
A rate of 1
gigabit per
second, half
duplex mode,
and flow
control OFF.
The following table defines the various abbreviations and symbols that appear in the R
row of the port information screen.
Table 2. Port Abbreviations and Symbols for R Row
R row abbreviation/symbol
Indicates
The port is
disabled.
Receive
speed is
about 10%
of line
speed.
Receive
speed is
about 50%
of line
speed.
Receive
speed is
about 75%
of line
speed.
Receive
speed is
about 100%
of line
speed.
12
Ports
Ports are used to connect the appliance to external devices. NetScaler appliances support
RS232 serial ports, 10/100/1000Base-T copper Ethernet ports, 1-gigabit copper and fiber 1G
SFP ports, and 10-gigabit fiber SFP+ and XFP ports. All NetScaler appliances have a
combination of some or all of these ports. For details on the type and number of ports
available on your appliance, see the section describing that platform.
RS232 Serial Port
The RS232 serial console port provides a connection between the appliance and a
computer, allowing direct access to the appliance for initial configuration or
troubleshooting.
All hardware platforms ship with an appropriate serial cable used to connect your computer
to the appliance. For instructions on connecting your computer to the appliance, see
"Installing the Hardware."
Copper Ethernet Ports
The copper Ethernet ports installed on many models of the appliance are standard RJ45
ports.
There are two types of copper Ethernet ports that may be installed on your appliance:
10/100BASE-T port
The 10/100BASE-T port has a maximum transmission speed of 100 megabits per second
(Mbps). Most platforms have at least one 10/100BASE-T port.
10/100/1000BASE-T port
The 10/100/1000BASE-T port has a maximum transmission speed of 1 gigabit per second,
ten times faster than the other type of copper Ethernet port. Most platforms have at
least one 10/100/1000Base-T port.
To connect any of these ports to your network, you plug one end of a standard Ethernet
cable into the port and plug the other end into the appropriate network connector.
Management Ports
Management ports are standard copper Ethernet ports (RJ45), which are used for direct
access to the appliance for system administration functions.
13
Ports
1G SFP, 10G SFP+, and XFP Ports
A 1G SFP port can operate at a speed of 1 Gbps. It accepts either a copper 1G SFP
transceiver, for operation as a copper Ethernet port, or a fiber 1G SFP transceiver for
operation as a fiber optic port.
The 10G SFP+ and XFP ports are high-speed ports that can operate at speeds of up to 10
Gbps. You need a fiber optic cable to connect to a 10G SFP+ or XFP port. If the other end of
the fiber optic cable is attached to a 1G SFP port, the 10G SFP+ port automatically
negotiates to match the speed of the 1G SFP port.
The following tables list the maximum distance specifications for NetScaler pluggable
media (1G SFP, 10G SFP+, and XFP transceivers).
Note: The tables are categorized by 1G pluggable media and 10G pluggable media.
The 10G SFP+ modules are dual-speed capable and support both 1G and 10G, depending on
the peer switch that the model connects to. These are listed in both tables.
Both tables have the following columns:
•
SKU: Citrix maintains multiple SKUs for the same part.
•
Description: The price list description of the part.
•
Transmit Wavelength: The nominal transmit wavelength.
•
Cable/Fiber Type: Fiber characteristics affect the maximum transmit distance
achievable. This is especially true with 10G on multi-mode fiber (MMF), where various
dispersion components become dominant. For more information, see
http://www.thefoa.org/tech/ref/basic/fiber.html.
•
Typical Reach: Maximum transmit distance.
•
Products: Some chassis are available with different media options. Use the appropriate
data sheet to confirm that your particular chassis type supports the media.
1G Pluggable Media
The following table lists the maximum distance specifications for 1G transceivers.
Table 1. Copper 1G SFP Distance Specifications
SKU
14
Description
Transmitter
Wavelength
(nm)
Cable
Type
Typical
Reach
(m)
Products
Ports
EW3A0000235,
EW3B0000235,
EW3C0000235,
EW3D0000235,
EW3E0000235,
EW3F0000235,
EW3P0000143,
EW3X0000235,
EW3Z0000087
Table
Citrix
NetScaler 1G
SFP Ethernet
Copper
(100m) - 4
Pack
n/a
Category 5
(Cat-5)
Copper
Cable
100 m
MPX 7500/9500, MPX
8200/8400/8600/8800, MPX
9700/10500/12500/15500,
12000-10G, 9010 FIPS, MPX
22040/22060/22080/22100/22120
2. Short Reach Fiber 1G SFP Distance Specifications
SKU
Description
Transmitter
Wavelength
(nm)
Fiber Type
Typical
Reach
(m)
Products
EW3A0000234,
EW3B0000234,
EW3C0000234,
EW3D0000234,
EW3E0000234,
EW3F0000234,
EW3P0000142,
EW3X0000234,
EW3Z0000086
Citrix
NetScaler 1G
SFP Ethernet
SX (300m) - 4
Pack
850nm
(nominal)
50/125um
MMF,
2000MHz-km
(OM3)
550 m
50/125um
MMF,
500MHz-km
(OM2)
550 m
MPX 7500/9500, MPX
8200/8400/8600/8800, MPX
9700/10500/12500/15500,
12000-10G, 9010 FIPS, MPX
22040/22060/22080/22100/22120
50/125um
MMF,
400MHz-km
550 m
62.5/125um
MMF,
200MHz-km
(OM1)
300 m
62.5/125um
300 m
MMF,
160MHz-km
Table 3. Short Reach Fiber 1G SFP Distance Specifications
SKU
Description
15
Transmitter
Wavelength
(nm)
Fiber Type
Typical
Reach
(m)
Products
Ports
EW3A0000710,
EW3B0000710,
EW3C0000710,
EW3D0000710,
EW3E0000710,
EW3F0000710,
EW3P0000557,
EW3X0000710,
EW3Z0000585
Citrix
NetScaler 1G
SFP Ethernet
Short Range
(300m) Single
850nm
(nominal)
50/125um
MMF,
2000MHz-km
(OM3)
550 m
50/125um
MMF,
500MHz-km
(OM2)
550 m
50/125um
MMF,
400MHz-km
550 m
62.5/125um
MMF,
200MHz-km
(OM1)
275 m
MPX 8200/8400/8600/8800, MPX
9700/10500/12500/15500, MPX
17500/19500/21500, MPX
11500/13500/14500/16500/18500/20500,
MPX 11515/11520/11530/11540/11542, MP
22040/22060/22080/22100/22120
62.5/125um
220 m
MMF,
160MHz-km
Table 4. Long Reach Fiber 1G SFP Distance Specifications
SKU
Description
Transmitter
Wavelength
(nm)
Fiber Type
Typical
Reach
(m)
Products
EW3A0000712,
EW3B0000712,
EW3C0000712,
EW3D0000712,
EW3E0000712,
EW3F0000712,
EW3P0000559,
EW3X0000712,
EW3Z0000587
Table
Citrix
NetScaler 1G
SFP Ethernet
LX - Single
1310nm
(nominal)
9/125um
SMF
10 km
MPX 7500/9500, MPX
8200/8400/8600/8800, MPX
9700/10500/12500/15500,
12000-10G, 9010 FIPS, MPX
22040/22060/22080/22100/22120
5. Long Reach Fiber 1G SFP Distance Specifications
SKU
Description
Transmitter
Wavelength
(nm)
Fiber Type
Typical
Reach
(m)
Products
EW3A0000711,
EW3B0000711,
EW3C0000711,
EW3D0000711,
EW3E0000711,
EW3F0000711,
EW3P0000558,
EW3X0000711,
EW3Z0000586
Citrix
NetScaler 1G
SFP Ethernet
Long Range
(10km) Single
1310nm
(nominal)
9/125um
SMF
10 km
MPX 8200/8400/8600/8800, MPX
9700/10500/12500/15500, MPX
17500/19500/21500, MPX
11500/13500/14500/16500/18500/20500,
MPX 11515/11520/11530/11540/11542, MPX
22040/22060/22080/22100/22120
10 GE Pluggable Media
The following table lists the maximum distance specifications for 10G transceivers.
16
Ports
Table 6. Short Reach Fiber 10G SFP+ Distance Specifications
SKU
Description
Transmitter
Wavelength
(nm)
Fiber Type
Typical
Reach
(m)
Products
EW3A0000710,
EW3B0000710,
EW3C0000710,
EW3D0000710,
EW3E0000710,
EW3F0000710,
EW3P0000557,
EW3X0000710,
EW3Z0000585
Citrix
NetScaler 10G
SFP+ Ethernet
Short Range
(300m) Single
850nm
(nominal)
50/125um
MMF,
2000MHz-km
(OM3)
300 m
50/125um
MMF,
500MHz-km
(OM2)
82 m
MPX 8200/8400/8600/8800, MPX
9700/10500/12500/15500, MPX
17500/19500/21500, MPX
11500/13500/14500/16500/18500/20500,
MPX 11515/11520/11530/11540/11542, MP
17550/19550/20550/21550, MPX
22040/22060/22080/22100/22120
50/125um
MMF,
400MHz-km
66 m
62.5/125um
MMF,
200MHz-km
(OM1)
33 m
62.5/125um
MMF,
160MHz-km
26 m
Table 7. Short Reach XFP (10G) Distance Specifications
SKU
Description
Transmitter
Wavelength
(nm)
Fiber Type
Typical
Reach
(m)
Products
EW3A0000713,
EW3B0000713,
EW3C0000713,
EW3D0000713,
EW3E0000713,
EW3F0000713,
EW3P0000560,
EW3X0000713,
EW3Z0000588
Citrix NetScaler
XFP Short Range
10 Gigabit
Ethernet(300m) Single
850nm
(nominal)
50/125um
MMF,
2000MHz-km
(OM3)
300 m
12000-10G,
MPX
15000/17000
50/125um
MMF,
500MHz-km
(OM2)
82 m
50/125um
MMF,
400MHz-km
66 m
62.5/125um
MMF,
200MHz-km
(OM1)
33 m
62.5/125um
MMF,
160MHz-km
26 m
Table 8. Long Reach Fiber 10G SFP+ Distance Specifications
17
Ports
SKU
Description
Transmitter
Wavelength
(nm)
Fiber Type
Typical
Reach
(m)
Products
EW3A0000711,
EW3B0000711,
EW3C0000711,
EW3D0000711,
EW3E0000711,
EW3F0000711,
EW3P0000558,
EW3X0000711,
EW3Z0000586
Citrix
NetScaler 10G
SFP+ Ethernet
Long Range
(10km) Single
1310nm
(nominal)
9/125um
SMF
10 km
MPX 8200/8400/8600/8800, MPX
9700/10500/12500/15500, MPX
17500/19500/21500, MPX
11500/13500/14500/16500/18500/20500,
MPX 11515/11520/11530/11540/11542, MPX
17550/19550/20550/21550, MPX
22040/22060/22080/22100/22120
Table 9. Long Reach Fiber XFP (10G) Distance Specifications
SKU
Description
Transmitter
Wavelength
(nm)
EW3A0000714,
Citrix
1310nm
EW3B0000714,
NetScaler XFP (nominal)
EW3C0000714,
Long Range 10
EW3D0000714,
Gigabit
EW3E0000714,
Ethernet(10
EW3F0000714,
km) - Single
EW3P0000561,
EW3X0000714,
EW3Z0000589
Table 10. Cisco 40G QSFP+ Cable Specifications
Fiber Type
Typical
Reach
(m)
Products
9/125um
SMF
10 km
12000-10G,
MPX
15000/17000
Cisco Part
Number
Description
Products
L45593-D178
-C30
40GBASE-CR4 QSFP+ to four
10GBASE-CU SFP+ direct
attach breakout cable
assembly, 3 meter passive
MPX 11500/13500/14500/16500/18500/2
0500, MPX 17500/19500/21500, MPX
17550/19550/20550/21550, MPX
22040/22060/22080/22100/22120
Note: Support for this cable is available in release 9.3 build 65.8 and later.
LED Port-Status Indicators
Note: This section applies to the MPX 5500, MPX 5550/5650, MPX 7500/9500, MPX
8200/8400/8600/8800, MPX 9700/10500/12500/15500, MPX 17500/19500/21500, MPX
11500/13500/14500/16500/18500/20500, MPX 11515/11520/11530/11540/11542, MPX
17550/19550/20550/21550, and MPX 22040/22060/22080/22100/22120 appliances.
The port LEDs show whether a link is established and traffic is flowing through the port. The
following table describes the LED indicators for each port. There are two LED indicators for
each port type.
Table 11. LED port-status indicators
18
Ports
Port Type
LED Location
LED Function
LED Color
LED Indicates
10G SFP+ (10
Gbps)
Left
Link/ Activity
Off
No link.
Solid green
Link is
established but
no traffic is
passing through
the port.
Blinking green
Traffic is
passing through
the port.
Off
No connection.
Solid green
Traffic rate of
10 gigabits per
second.
Off
No link.
Solid green
Link is
established but
no traffic is
passing through
the port.
Blinking green
Traffic is
passing through
the port.
Off
No connection.
Yellow
Traffic rate of
1 gigabit per
second.
Off
No connection,
or a traffic rate
of 10 megabits
per second
(Mbps).
Green
Traffic rate of
100 Mbps.
Yellow
Traffic rate of
1 gigabit per
second.
Off
No link.
Solid green
Link is
established but
no traffic is
passing through
the port.
Blinking green
Traffic is
passing through
the port.
Right
1G SFP (1
Gbps)
Left
Right
Ethernet (RJ45)
Left
Right
19
Speed
Link/ Activity
Speed
Speed
Link/ Activity
Ports
Management
(RJ45)
Left
Right
20
Speed
Link/ Activity
Off
No connection,
or a traffic rate
of 10 megabits
per second
(Mbps).
Green
Traffic rate of
100 Mbps.
Amber
Traffic rate of
1 gigabit per
second.
Off
No link.
Solid yellow
Link is
established but
no traffic is
passing through
the port.
Blinking yellow
Traffic is
passing through
the port.
Field Replaceable Units
Citrix NetScaler field replaceable units (FRU) are NetScaler components that can be quickly
and easily removed from the appliance and replaced by the user or a technician at the
user's site. The FRUs in a NetScaler appliance can include a CompactFlash card, DC or AC
power supplies, and solid-state or hard-disk drives, and a direct attach cable (DAC).
Note: The solid-state or hard-disk drive stores your configuration information, which has
to be restored from a backup after replacing the unit.
21
Power Supply
For appliances containing two power supplies, the second power supply acts as a backup.
The MPX 22040/22060/22080/22100/22120 appliance can accommodate four power
supplies, and require two power supplies for proper operation. The third and fourth power
supplies act as backup.
The appliance ships with a standard power cord that plugs into the appliance’s power
supply and an NEMA 5-15 plug on the other end for connecting to the power outlet on the
rack or in the wall.
For power-supply specifications, see "Hardware Platforms," which describes the various
platforms and includes a table summarizing the hardware specifications.
Note: If you suspect that a power-supply fan is not working, please see the description of
your platform. On some platforms, what appears to be the fan does not turn, and the
actual fan turns only when necessary.
For each power supply, a bicolor LED indicator shows the condition of the power supply.
The LEDs of the AC power supplies for MPX 15000 and 17000 appliances are different from
the LEDs of the other appliances.
Table 1. LED Power Supply Indicators
Power Supply Type
LED Color
LED Indicates
AC
OFF
No power to any power
supply.
Flashing RED
No power to this power
supply.
Flashing GREEN
Power supply is in standby
mode.
GREEN
Power supply is functional.
RED
Power supply failure.
OFF
No power to any power
supply.
Flashing RED
No power to this power
supply.
Flashing BLUE
Power supply is in standby
mode.
BLUE
Power supply is functional.
RED
Power supply failure.
DC
22
Power Supply
MPX 15000 and 17000
OFF
Power supply is not plugged
in to a power source. If the
LED is off when the power
supply is plugged in, the
power supply has a
malfunction.
AMBER
Power supply has been
plugged in for less than a
few seconds. If the LED
does not turn GREEN, the
power supply has a
malfunction.
GREEN
Power supply is functioning
properly.
BLINKING
Power supply has a
malfunction
Note: The power supply on the NetScaler MPX 5500 and MPX 5550/5650 appliances is not
field replaceable.
Electrical Safety Precautions for Power Supply
Replacement
•
Make sure that the appliance has a direct physical connection to earth ground during
normal use. When installing or repairing an appliance, always connect the ground
circuit first and disconnect it last.
•
Always unplug any appliance before performing repairs or upgrades.
•
Never touch a power supply when the power cord is plugged in. As long as the power
cord is plugged in, line voltages are present in the power supply even if the power
switch is turned off.
Replacing an AC Power Supply
Citrix NetScaler MPX platforms can accommodate two power supplies, except the MPX
22040/22060/22080/22100/22120 platform which can accommodate four power supplies.
All NetScaler appliances function properly with a single power supply, except the MPX
22040/22060/22080/22100/22120 platform which needs two power supplies for proper
operation. The other power supplies serves as a backup. All power supplies must be of the
same type (AC or DC).
Note: If the appliance has only one power supply, you have to shut down the appliance
before replacing the power supply. If the appliance has two power supplies, you can
replace one power supply without shutting down the appliance, provided the other power
supply is working, and if the appliance has four power supplies, you can replace one or
two power supplies without shutting down the appliance, provided the other two power
supplies are working.
To install or replace an AC power supply on a Citrix NetScaler appliance
23
Power Supply
1. Align the semicircular handle perpendicular to the power supply. Loosen the
thumbscrew and press the lever toward the handle and pull out the existing power
supply, as shown in the following figure.
Note: The illustration in the following figures might not represent the actual
NetScaler appliance.
Figure 1. Removing the Existing AC Power Supply
2. Carefully remove the new power supply from its box.
3. On the back of the appliance, align the power supply with the power supply slot.
4. Insert the power supply into the slot and press against the semicircular handle until you
hear the power supply snap into place.
Figure 2. Inserting the Replacement AC Power Supply
5. Connect the power supply to a power source. If connecting all power supplies, plug
separate power cords into the power supplies and connect them to separate wall
sockets.
Note: NetScaler appliances emit a high-pitched alert if one power supply fails or if you
connect only one power cable to an appliance in which two power supplies are installed.
To silence the alarm, press the small red button on the back panel of the appliance. The
disable alarm button is functional only when the appliance has two power supplies.
Replacing a DC Power Supply
Citrix NetScaler MPX platforms can accommodate two power supplies, except the MPX
22040/22060/22080/22100/22120 platform which can accommodate four power supplies.
All NetScaler appliances function properly with a single power supply, except the MPX
22040/22060/22080/22100/22120 platform which needs two power supplies for proper
operation. The other power supplies serves as a backup. All power supplies must be of the
same type (AC or DC).
24
Power Supply
Note: If the appliance has only one power supply, you have to shut down the appliance
before replacing the power supply. If the appliance has two power supplies, you can
replace one power supply without shutting down the appliance, provided the other power
supply is working, and if the appliance has four power supplies, you can replace one or
two power supplies without shutting down the appliance, provided the other two power
supplies are working.
To install or replace a DC power supply on a Citrix NetScaler appliance
1. Loosen the thumbscrew and press the lever towards the handle and pull out the existing
power supply, as shown in the following figure.
Note: The illustration in the following figures might not represent the actual
NetScaler appliance.
Figure 3. Removing the Existing DC Power Supply
2. Carefully remove the new power supply from its box.
3. On the back of the appliance, align the power supply with the power supply slot.
4. Insert the power supply into the slot while pressing the lever towards the handle. Apply
firm pressure to insert the power supply firmly into the slot.
Figure 4. Inserting the Replacement DC Power Supply
5. When the power supply is completely inserted into its slot, release the lever.
6. Connect the power supply to a power source. If connecting all power supplies, plug
separate power cords into the power supplies and connect them to separate wall
sockets.
Note: NetScaler appliances emit a high-pitched alert if one power supply fails or if you
connect only one power cable to an appliance in which two power supplies are installed.
To silence the alarm, press the small red button on the back panel of the appliance. The
disable alarm button is functional only when the appliance has two power supplies.
25
CompactFlash Card
The NetScaler software is stored on either the solid-state drive or the CompactFlash card.
The following MPX platforms store the NetScaler software on the CompactFlash card:
•
Citrix NetScaler MPX 5500
•
Citrix NetScaler MPX 7500 and MPX 9500
•
Citrix NetScaler MPX 9700, MPX 10500, MPX 12500, and MPX 15500
•
Citrix NetScaler MPX 15000
•
Citrix NetScaler MPX 17000
Note: The CompactFlash card is mounted as /flash on the above platforms.
The CompactFlash card specifications vary by NetScaler hardware platform. A CompactFlash
card from one platform does not necessarily work on a different platform.
Replacing a CompactFlash Card
Note: These instructions apply to the Citrix® NetScaler® MPX 5500, MPX 7500/9500, MPX
9700/10500/12500/15500, MPX 15000, and MPX 17000 appliances only.
Replacement CompactFlash cards contain a preinstalled version of the NetScaler software
and a generic configuration file (ns.conf), but they do not contain SSL-related certificates
and keys, or custom boot settings. Configuration files and customized settings must be
restored from a backup storage location at the customer site, if available. The files to be
restored might include:
•
/flash/nsconfig/ns.conf: The current configuration file.
•
/flash/nsconfig/ZebOS.conf: The ZebOS configuration file.
•
/flash/nsconfig/license: The licenses for the NetScaler features.
•
/flash/nsconfig/ssl: The SSL certificates and keys required for encrypting data to
clients or to backend servers.
•
/nsconfig/rc.netscaler: Customer-specific boot operations (optional).
Note: Verify that the card you receive is the correct type for your NetScaler appliance.
26
CompactFlash Card
To replace a CompactFlash card
1. At the NetScaler command prompt, exit to the shell prompt. Type:
shell
2. Shut down the NetScaler appliance by typing one of the following commands at the
shell prompt.
•
On an MPX appliance, type:
shutdown -p now
•
On a non-MPX appliance, type:
shutdown
3. Locate the CompactFlash slot on the back panel of the appliance.
4. Disengage the CompactFlash by pushing the lever to the right of the CompactFlash slot.
If necessary, use a pen or small screwdriver to push the lever in fully. Pull the existing
flash card out of the slot.
Note: The illustration in the following figures might not represent the actual
NetScaler appliance.
Figure 1. Removing the Existing CompactFlash Card
5. Insert the new flash card received from Citrix.
Important: When you insert the card, make sure that the arrow on top of the card is
pointing toward the CompactFlash slot. Position the connector grid on the edge of
the CompactFlash card to meet the matching connector pins inside the CompactFlash
slot.
27
CompactFlash Card
Figure 2. Inserting the Replacement CompactFlash Card
6. Turn on the NetScaler appliance.
When the appliance starts, it no longer has the previous working configuration.
Therefore, the appliance is reachable only through the default IP address of
192.168.100.1/16, or through the console port.
7. Perform the initial configuration of the appliance, as described in "Initial
Configuration." Log on to the default IP address by using a web browser, or connect to
the serial console by using a console cable, to perform the initial configuration.
8. Upload a platform license and any optional feature licenses, including universal
licenses, to the NetScaler appliance. For more information, see the licensing chapter of
the "Getting Started with Citrix NetScaler."
9. Once the correct NetScaler software version is loaded, you can restore the working
configuration. Copy a previous version of the ns.conf file to the /nsconfig directory by
using an SCP utility or by pasting the previous configuration into the /nsconfig/ns.conf
file from the NetScaler command prompt. To load the new ns.conf file, restart the
NetScaler appliance by entering the reboot command at the NetScaler command
prompt.
28
Solid-State Drive
A solid-state drive (SSD) is a high-performance device that stores data in solid-state flash
memory. The MPX solid-state drives contain the boot loader configuration file,
configuration file (ns.conf), licenses, and for some models, the NetScaler software and the
user data.
The NetScaler software is stored on either the SSD or the CompactFlash card. The following
MPX platforms store the NetScaler software on the SSD. The SSD is mounted as /flash.
•
Citrix NetScaler MPX 5550 and MPX 5650
•
Citrix NetScaler MPX 8200, MPX 8400, MPX 8600, and MPX 8800
•
Citrix NetScaler MPX 11500, MPX 13500, MPX 14500, MPX 16500, MPX 18500, and MPX
20500
•
Citrix NetScaler MPX 11515, MPX 11520, MPX 11530, MPX 11540, and MPX 11542
•
Citrix NetScaler MPX 17500, MPX 19500, and MPX 21500
•
Citrix NetScaler MPX 17550, MPX 19550, MPX 20550, and MPX 21550
•
Citrix NetScaler MPX 22040, MPX 22060, MPX 22080, MPX 22100, and MPX 22120
•
Citrix NetScaler MPX 24100 and MPX 24150
Note: On the MPX 5550/5650 and MPX 8200/8400/8600/8800 appliances, both /flash and
/var are mounted from different partitions of the same SSD drive.
Replacing a Solid-State Drive
Note: These instructions apply to the Citrix NetScaler MPX 5550/5650, MPX
8200/8400/8600/8800, MPX 11500/13500/14500/16500/18500/20500, MPX
11515/11520/11530/11540/11542, MPX 17500/19500/21500, MPX
17550/19550/20550/21550, and MPX 22040/22060/22080/22100/22120 appliances.
Replacement solid-state drives (SSDs) contain a pre-installed version of the NetScaler
software and a generic configuration file (ns.conf), but they do not contain SSL-related
certificates and keys, or custom boot settings. Configuration files and customized settings
must be restored to a replacement drive from a backup storage location at the customer
site, if available. The files to be restored might include:
29
•
/flash/nsconfig/ns.conf: The current configuration file.
•
/flash/nsconfig/ZebOS.conf: The ZebOS configuration file.
•
/flash/nsconfig/license: The licenses for the NetScaler features.
Solid-State Drive
•
/flash/nsconfig/ssl: The SSL certificates and keys required for encrypting data to
clients or to backend servers.
•
/nsconfig/rc.netscaler: Customer-specific boot operations (optional).
To replace a solid-state drive
1. At the NetScaler command prompt, exit to the shell prompt. Type:
shell
2. Shut down the NetScaler appliance by typing the following command at the shell
prompt:
shutdown –p now
3. Locate the SSD on the back panel of the appliance. Push the safety latch of the drive
cover to the right or down, depending on the platform, while pulling out on the drive
handle to disengage. Pull out the faulty drive.
Note: The illustration in the following figures might not represent the actual
NetScaler appliance.
Figure 1. Removing the Existing Solid-State Drive
4. Verify that the replacement SSD is the correct type for the platform.
5. Pick up the new SSD, open the drive handle fully to the left or up, and insert the drive
into the slot as far as possible. To seat the drive, close the handle flush with the rear of
the appliance so that the drive locks securely into the slot.
Important: When you insert the drive, make sure that the Citrix product label is at
the top if the drive is inserted horizontally or at the right if the drive is inserted
vertically.
Figure 2. Inserting the Replacement Solid-State Drive
6. Turn on the NetScaler appliance. When the appliance starts, it no longer has the
previous working configuration. Therefore, the appliance is reachable only through the
30
Solid-State Drive
default IP address of 192.168.100.1/16, or through the console port.
7. Perform the initial configuration of the appliance, as described in "Initial
Configuration." Log on to the default IP address by using a web browser, or connect to
the serial console by using a console cable, to perform the initial configuration.
8. Upload a platform license and any optional feature licenses, including universal
licenses, to the NetScaler appliance. For more information, see the licensing chapter of
the "Getting Started with Citrix NetScaler."
9. Once the correct NetScaler software version is loaded, you can restore the working
configuration. Copy a previous version of the ns.conf file to the /nsconfig directory by
using an SCP utility or by pasting the previous configuration into the /nsconfig/ns.conf
file from the NetScaler command prompt. To load the new ns.conf file, you must
restart the NetScaler appliance by entering the reboot command at the NetScaler
command prompt.
31
Hard Disk Drive
A hard disk drive (HDD) stores logs and other data files. Files stored on the HDD include the
newnslog files, dmesg and messages files, and any core/crash files. The HDD comes in
various capacities, depending on the Citrix NetScaler platform. Hard drives are used for
storing files required at runtime. An HDD is mounted as /var.
The following MPX platforms support HDD:
•
Citrix NetScaler MPX 9700, MPX 10500, MPX 12500, and MPX 15500
•
Citrix NetScaler MPX 11500, MPX 13500, MPX 14500, MPX 16500, MPX 18500, and MPX
20500
•
Citrix NetScaler MPX 11515, MPX 11520, MPX 11530, MPX 11540, and MPX 11542
•
Citrix NetScaler MPX 15000
•
Citrix NetScaler MPX 17000
•
Citrix NetScaler MPX 17500, MPX 19500, and MPX 21500
•
Citrix NetScaler MPX 17550, MPX 19550, MPX 20550, and MPX 21550
•
Citrix NetScaler MPX 22040, MPX 22060, MPX 22080, MPX 22100, and MPX 22120
•
Citrix NetScaler MPX 24100 and MPX 24150
Replacing a Hard Disk Drive
A hard disk drive (HDD) stores log files and other user files. Collection of new log files
begins upon boot-up with the new HDD. Product documentation can be downloaded from
"MyCitrix.com" and reinstalled to the /var/netscaler/doc location.
To install a hard disk drive
1. At the NetScaler command prompt, exit to the shell prompt. Type:
shell
2. Shut down the NetScaler appliance by typing one of the following commands at the
shell prompt.
•
On an MPX appliance, type:
shutdown –p now
•
On a non-MPX appliance, type:
shutdown
32
Hard Disk Drive
3. Locate the hard disk drive on the back panel of the appliance.
4. Verify that the replacement hard disk drive is the correct type for the NetScaler
platform.
5. Disengage the hard disk drive by pushing the safety latch of the drive cover to the right
or down, depending on the platform, while pulling out on the drive handle to
disengage. Pull out the faulty drive.
Note: The illustration in the following figures might not represent the actual
NetScaler appliance.
Figure 1. Removing the Existing Hard Disk Drive
6. Pick up the new disk drive, open the drive handle fully to the left, and insert the new
drive into the slot as far as possible. To seat the drive, close the handle flush with the
rear of the appliance so that the hard drive locks securely into the slot.
Important: When you insert the drive, make sure that the Citrix product label is at
the top.
Figure 2. Inserting the Replacement Hard Disk Drive
7. Turn on the NetScaler appliance. The appliance starts the NetScaler software and reads
the configuration file from the CompactFlash card.
33
Direct Attach Cable
A direct attach cable (DAC) assembly is a high performance integrated duplex data link for
bi-directional communication. The cable is compliant with the IPF MSA (SFF-8432) for
mechanical form factor and SFP+ MSA for direct attach cables. The cable, which can be up
to 5 meters long, is data-rate agnostic. Supporting speeds in excess of 10 Gbps, it is a
cost-effective alternative to optical links (SFP+ transceivers and fiber optic cables.) The
transceiver with DAC is hot-swappable. You can insert and remove the transceiver with the
attached cable without shutting down the appliance. The Citrix NetScaler appliance
supports only passive DAC.
Important:
•
DAC is supported only on 10G ports. Do not insert a DAC into a 1G port.
•
Do not attempt to unplug the integrated copper cable from the transceiver and insert a
fiber cable into the transceiver.
Installing a Direct Attach Cable
Note: The illustrations in the following figures are only for reference and might not
represent the actual NetScaler appliance.
To install or remove a direct attach cable
1. To install the DAC, slide it into the 10G port on the appliance, as shown in the following
figure. You will hear a click when the DAC properly fits into the port.
Figure 1.
Inserting a
DAC into the
10G port
2. To remove the DAC, pull the tab on the top of the DAC, and then pull the DAC out of
the port, as shown in the following figure.
34
Direct Attach Cable
Figure 2.
Removing
a DAC from
the 10G
port
35
Hardware Platforms
The various NetScaler hardware platforms offer a wide range of features, communication
ports, and processing capacities. All the MPX platforms have multicore processors.
36
Citrix NetScaler 9010 FIPS
The Citrix NetScaler 9010 Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) appliance is a 2U
appliance, with 1 single-core processor, and 2 GB of memory.
Note: The NetScaler nCore build is not supported on this hardware platform.
The following figure shows the front panel of the 9010 FIPS appliance with copper Ethernet
ports.
Figure 1. Citrix NetScaler 9010 FIPS front panel, with copper Ethernet ports
The following figure shows the front panel of the 9010 FIPS appliance with fiber 1G SFP
ports.
Figure 2. Citrix NetScaler 9010 FIPS front panel, with 1G SFP ports
The following components are visible on the front panel of the 9010 appliance:
•
RS232 serial console port.
•
Four ports, numbered 1/1, 1/2, 1/3, and 1/4 from left to right.
Note: The network port numbers on all appliances consist of two numbers separated by a
forward slash. The first number is the port adapter slot number. The second number is
the interface port number. Ports on appliances are numbered sequentially starting with
1.
The following figure shows the back panel of the 9010 FIPS appliance.
37
Citrix NetScaler 9010 FIPS
Figure 3. Citrix NetScaler 9010 FIPS appliance, back panel
The following components are visible on the back panel of the 9010 FIPS appliance:
•
Power switch, which turns off power to the appliance, just as if you were to unplug
both power supplies.
•
Non-maskable interrupt (NMI) Button that is used at the request of Technical Support
and produces a core dump on the appliance. You must use a pen, pencil, or other
pointed object to press this red button, which is recessed to prevent unintentional
activation.
•
Disable alarm button, which silences the alarm that the appliance sounds when it is
receiving power from only one of its power supplies. Press this button to prevent the
power alarm from sounding when you have plugged the appliance into only one power
outlet or when one power supply is malfunctioning and you wish to continue operating
the appliance until it is repaired.
•
Dual power supplies, each rated at 500 watts, 110-220 volts. You plug separate power
cords into the power supplies and connect them to separate wall sockets. The appliance
functions properly with a single power supply; the extra power supply serves as a
backup.
•
10/100BASE-T copper Ethernet port, numbered 0/1.
•
Removable CompactFlash card that is used to store the NetScaler software.
•
Removable hard-disk drive that stores user data.
For information about installing the rails, rack mounting the hardware, and connecting the
cables, see "Installing the Hardware."
For information about performing initial configuration of your appliance, see "Initial
Configuration."
38
Citrix NetScaler 12000-10G
The Citrix NetScaler 12000-10G appliance is a 2U appliance, with 2 single-core processors,
and 4 GB of memory.
Note: The NetScaler nCore build is not supported on this hardware platform.
The following figure shows the front panel of the 12000-10G appliance.
Figure 1. Citrix 12000-10G appliance, front panel
The following components are visible on the front panel of the 12000-10G appliance:
•
RS232 serial console port.
•
Eight 1G SFP ports, numbered 1/1, 1/2, 1/3, 1/4, 1/5, 1/6, 1/7, and 1/8 from left to
right, and two XFP (10-Gigabit Small Form-Factor Pluggable) ports, numbered 1/9 and
1/10. When facing the bezel, the upper LEDs to the left of each optical 1G SFP port
represent connectivity. They are lit and amber in color when active. The lower LEDs
represent throughput. They are lit and green when active.
Note: The network port numbers on all appliances consist of two numbers separated
by a forward slash. The first number is the port adapter slot number. The second
number is the interface port number. Ports on appliances are numbered sequentially
starting with 1.
The following figure shows the back panel of the 12000-10G appliance.
39
Citrix NetScaler 12000-10G
Figure 2. Citrix NetScaler 12000-10G appliance, back panel
The following components are visible on the back panel of the 12000-10G appliance:
•
Power switch, which turns off power to the appliance, just as if you were to unplug
both power supplies.
•
Non-maskable interrupt (NMI) button, which signals the appliance to perform an orderly
shutdown after saving all files. You must use a pen, pencil, or other pointed object to
press this button, which is located inside a small hole to prevent it being pressed
accidentally.
•
Disable alarm button, which silences the alarm that the appliance sounds when it is
receiving power from only one of its power supplies. Press this button to prevent the
power alarm from sounding when you have plugged the appliance into only one power
outlet or when one power supply is malfunctioning and you wish to continue operating
the appliance until it is repaired.
•
Dual power supplies, each rated at 500 watts, 110-220 volts. You plug separate power
cords into the power supplies and connect them to separate wall sockets. The appliance
functions properly with a single power supply; the extra power supply serves as a
backup.
•
10/100BASE-T copper Ethernet port, numbered 0/1.
•
Removable CompactFlash card that is used to store the NetScaler software.
•
Removable hard-disk drive that stores user data.
For information about installing the rails, rack mounting the hardware, and connecting the
cables, see "Installing the Hardware."
For information about performing initial configuration of your appliance, see "Initial
Configuration."
40
Citrix NetScaler MPX 5500
The Citrix NetScaler MPX 5500 is a 1U appliance, with 1 dual-core processor, and 4
gigabytes (GB) of memory.
The following figure shows the front panel of the MPX 5500.
Figure 1. Citrix NetScaler MPX 5500, front panel
The MPX 5500 has the following ports:
•
RS232 serial console port.
•
Two 10/100/1000Base-T copper Ethernet management ports, numbered 0/1 and 0/2
from left to right. You can use these ports to connect directly to the appliance for
system administration functions.
•
Four 10/100/1000Base-T copper Ethernet ports numbered 1/1, 1/2, 1/3, and 1/4 from
left to right.
Note: The network port numbers on all appliances consist of two numbers separated by a
forward slash. The first number is the port adapter slot number. The second number is
the interface port number. Ports on appliances are numbered sequentially starting with
1.
The following figure shows the back panel of the MPX 5500.
Figure 2. Citrix NetScaler MPX 5500, back panel
The following components are visible on the back panel of the MPX 5500:
41
•
Four GB removable CompactFlash card that is used to store the NetScaler software.
•
Power switch, which turns off power to the MPX 5500, just as if you were to unplug the
power supply. Press the switch for five seconds to turn off the power.
Citrix NetScaler MPX 5500
•
Removable hard-disk drive (HDD) that is used to store user data. Appliances shipped
before February, 2012 store user data on a HDD. In appliances shipped after February,
2012, a solid-state drive replaces the HDD. Both types of drive have the same
functionality and support the same software releases.
•
USB port (reserved for a future release).
•
Non-maskable interrupt (NMI) Button that is used at the request of Technical Support
and produces a core dump on the NetScaler. You must use a pen, pencil, or other
pointed object to press this red button, which is recessed to prevent unintentional
activation.
•
Power supply rated at 300 watts, 110-220 volts. The power-supply fan is designed to
turn on only when the internal temperature of the power supply reaches a certain
value. You cannot see the fan turning on the back panel. What you can see is the fixed
part of the fan that holds the spinning motor.
For information about installing the rails, rack mounting the hardware, and connecting the
cables, see "Installing the Hardware."
For information about performing initial configuration of your appliance, see "Initial
Configuration."
42
Citrix NetScaler MPX 5550 and MPX
5650
The Citrix NetScaler models MPX 5550 and MPX 5650 are 1U appliances. Each model has one
quad-core processor and 8 gigabytes (GB) of memory.
The following figure shows the front panel of the MPX 5550/5650 appliance.
Figure 1. Citrix NetScaler MPX 5550/5650, front panel
Depending on the model, the appliance has the following ports:
•
RS232 serial console port.
•
Two 10/100/1000Base-T copper Ethernet management ports (RJ45), numbered 0/1 and
0/2 from left to right. The management port is used to connect directly to the
appliance for system administration functions.
•
Six 10/100/1000Base-T copper Ethernet ports numbered 1/1, 1/2, 1/3, 1/4, 1/5, and
1/6 from left to right.
The following figure shows the back panel of the MPX 5550/5650 appliance.
Figure 2. Citrix NetScaler MPX 5550/5650 appliance, back panel
The following components are visible on the back panel of the MPX 5550/5650 appliance:
43
•
160 GB removable solid-state drive, which is used to store the NetScaler software and
the user data.
•
Power switch, which turns off power to the appliance, just as if you were to unplug the
power supply. Press the switch for five seconds to turn off the power.
Citrix NetScaler MPX 5550 and MPX 5650
•
USB port (reserved for a future release).
•
Non-maskable interrupt (NMI) button, which is used at the request of Technical Support
to produce a NetScaler core dump. You must use a pen, pencil, or other pointed object
to press this red button, which is recessed to prevent unintentional activation.
•
Single power supply, rated at 300 watts, 110-220 volts.
For information about installing the rails, rack mounting the hardware, and connecting the
cables, see "Installing the Hardware."
For information about performing initial configuration of your appliance, see "Initial
Configuration."
44
Citrix NetScaler MPX 7500 and MPX
9500
The Citrix NetScaler MPX 7500/9500 are 1U appliances, each with 1 quad-core processor,
and 8 gigabytes (GB) of memory. The MPX 7500/9500 appliances are available in two port
configurations: 8x10/100/1000Base-T copper Ethernet ports and 4x1G SFP +
4x10/100/1000Base-T copper Ethernet ports.
The following figure shows the front panel of the MPX 7500/9500 (8x10/100/1000Base-T
copper Ethernet ports) appliances.
Figure 1. Citrix NetScaler MPX 7500/9500 (8x10/100/1000Base-T copper Ethernet ports),
front panel
The following figure shows the front panel of the MPX 7500/9500 (4x1G SFP +
4x10/100/1000Base-T copper Ethernet ports) appliances.
Figure 2. Citrix NetScaler MPX 7500/9500 (4x1G SFP + 4x10/100/1000Base-T copper
Ethernet ports), front panel
Depending on the model, the appliance has the following ports:
45
•
RS232 serial console port.
•
Two 10/100/1000Base-T copper Ethernet management ports, numbered 0/1 and 0/2
from left to right. These ports are used to connect directly to the appliance for system
administration functions.
•
Network Ports
Citrix NetScaler MPX 7500 and MPX 9500
•
MPX 7500/9500 (8x10/100/1000Base-T copper Ethernet ports). Eight
10/100/1000Base-T copper Ethernet ports numbered 1/1, 1/2, 1/3, and 1/4 on the
top row from left to right, and 1/5, 1/6, 1/7, and 1/8 on the bottom row from left
to right.
•
MPX 7500/9500 (4x1G SFP + 4x10/100/1000Base-T copper Ethernet ports). Four
1-gigabit copper or fiber 1G SFP ports numbered 1/1, 1/2, 1/3, and 1/4 on the top
row from left to right, and four 10/100/1000BASE-T copper Ethernet ports (RJ45)
numbered 1/5, 1/6, 1/7, and 1/8 on the bottom row from left to right.
The following figure shows the back panel of the MPX 7500/9500 appliance.
Figure 3. Citrix NetScaler MPX 7500/9500, back panel
The following components are visible on the back panel of the MPX 7500/9500:
•
Four-gigabyte removable CompactFlash card that is used to store the NetScaler
software.
•
Power switch, which turns off power to the MPX 7500/9500, just as if you were to
unplug the power supply. Press the switch for five seconds to turn off the power.
•
Removable hard-disk drive (HDD) that is used to store user data. Appliances shipped
before February, 2012 store user data on a HDD. In appliances shipped after February,
2012, a solid-state drive replaces the HDD. Both types of drive have the same
functionality and support the same software releases.
•
USB port (reserved for a future release).
•
Non-maskable interrupt (NMI) button that is used at the request of Technical Support
and produces a core dump on the appliance. You must use a pen, pencil, or other
pointed object to press this red button, which is recessed to prevent unintentional
activation.
•
Disable alarm button. This button is functional only when the appliance has two power
supplies.
Press this button to stop the power alarm from sounding when you have plugged the
MPX 7500/9500 into only one power outlet or when one power supply is malfunctioning
and you want to continue operating the MPX 7500/9500 until it is repaired.
For information about installing the rails, rack mounting the hardware, and connecting the
cables, see "Installing the Hardware."
For information about performing initial configuration of your appliance, see "Initial
Configuration."
46
Citrix NetScaler MPX 7500 and MPX 9500
47
Citrix NetScaler MPX 8200, MPX 8400,
MPX 8600, and MPX 8800
The Citrix NetScaler models MPX 8200, MPX 8400, MPX 8600, and MPX 8800 are 1U
appliances. Each model has one quad-core processor and 32 gigabytes (GB) of memory. The
MPX 8005/8015/8200/8400/8600/8800 appliances are available in two port configurations:
•
Six 10/100/1000Base-T copper Ethernet ports and six 1G SFP ports
(6x10/100/1000Base-T copper Ethernet ports + 6x1G SFP)
•
Six 10/100/1000Base-T copper Ethernet ports and two 10G SFP+ ports
(6x10/100/1000Base-T copper Ethernet ports + 2x10G SFP+)
The following figure shows the front panel of the MPX 8005/8015/8200/8400/8600/8800
(6x10/100/1000Base-T copper Ethernet ports + 6x1G SFP) appliance.
Figure 1. Citrix NetScaler MPX 8005/8015/8200/8400/8600/8800 (6x10/100/1000Base-T
copper Ethernet ports + 6x1G SFP), front panel
The following figure shows the front panel of the MPX 8005/8015/8200/8400/8600/8800
(6x10/100/1000Base-T copper Ethernet ports + 2x10G SFP+) appliance.
Figure 2. Citrix NetScaler MPX 8005/8015/8200/8400/8600/8800 (6x10/100/1000Base-T
copper Ethernet ports + 2x10G SFP+), front panel
Depending on the model, the appliance has the following ports:
48
•
RS232 serial console port.
•
One 10/100Base-T copper Ethernet Port (RJ45), also called LOM port. You can use this
port to remotely monitor and manage the appliance independently of the NetScaler
Citrix NetScaler MPX 8200, MPX 8400, MPX 8600, and MPX 8800
software.
•
One 10/100/1000Base-T copper Ethernet management port (RJ45), numbered 0/1. The
management port is used to connect directly to the appliance for system administration
functions.
•
Network Ports
•
MPX 8005/8015/8200/8400/8600/8800 (6x10/100/1000Base-T copper Ethernet ports
+ 6x1G SFP). Six 10/100/1000BASE-T copper Ethernet ports (RJ45) numbered 1/1,
1/2, 1/3, 1/4, 1/5, and 1/6 on the top row from left to right, and six 1-gigabit
copper or fiber 1G SFP ports numbered 1/7, 1/8, 1/9, 1/10, 1/11, and 1/12 on the
bottom row from left to right.
MPX 8005/8015/8200/8400/8600/8800 (6x10/100/1000Base-T copper Ethernet ports
+ 2x10G SFP+). Six 10/100/1000BASE-T copper Ethernet ports (RJ45) numbered 1/1,
1/2, 1/3, 1/4, 1/5, and 1/6 on the top row from left to right and two 10-gigabit
SFP+ ports numbered 10/1 and 10/2 on the bottom row from left to right.
The following figure shows the back panel of the MPX 8005/8015/8200/8400/8600/8800
appliance.
•
Figure 3. Citrix NetScaler MPX 8005/8015/8200/8400/8600/8800 appliance, back panel
The following components are visible on the back panel of the MPX
8005/8015/8200/8400/8600/8800 appliance:
•
256 GB removable solid-state drive, which is used to store the NetScaler software and
the user data.
•
Power switch, which turns off power to the appliance, just as if you were to unplug the
power supply. Press the switch for five seconds to turn off the power.
•
USB port (reserved for a future release).
•
Non-maskable interrupt (NMI) button, which is used at the request of Technical Support
to produce a NetScaler core dump. You must use a pen, pencil, or other pointed object
to press this red button, which is recessed to prevent unintentional activation.
•
Disable alarm button, which is nonfunctional. This button is functional only if you install
a second power supply.
Press this button to stop the power alarm from sounding when you have plugged the
appliance into only one power outlet or when one power supply is malfunctioning and
you want to continue operating the appliance until it is repaired.
•
49
Single power supply, rated at 450 watts, 110-220 volts.
Citrix NetScaler MPX 8200, MPX 8400, MPX 8600, and MPX 8800
For information about installing the rails, rack mounting the hardware, and connecting the
cables, see "Installing the Hardware."
For information about performing initial configuration of your appliance, see "Initial
Configuration."
50
Citrix NetScaler MPX 9700, MPX 10500,
MPX 12500, and MPX 15500
The Citrix NetScaler MPX 9700/10500/12500/15500 are 2U appliances, each with 2
quad-core processors, and 16 gigabytes (GB) of memory. All these appliances are also
available in a 10G model and a FIPS model.
The following figure shows the front panel of the MPX 9700/10500/12500/15500.
Figure 1. Citrix NetScaler MPX 9700/10500/12500/15500, front panel
The following figure shows the front panel of the MPX 9700/10500/12500/15500 10G.
Figure 2. Citrix NetScaler MPX 9700/10500/12500/15500 10G, front panel
The following figure shows the front panel of the MPX 9700/10500/12500/15500 FIPS.
51
Citrix NetScaler MPX 9700, MPX 10500, MPX 12500, and MPX 15500
Figure 3. Citrix NetScaler MPX 9700/10500/12500/15500 FIPS, front panel
*The FIPS Management Port (Level 3 Mode) is reserved for a future release.
Caution: Do not insert a USB device into the FIPS Management Port. This will cause the
FIPS card to fail.
Depending on the model, the appliance has the following ports:
•
FIPS Management Port (reserved for a future release).
•
RS232 serial Console Port.
•
Two 10/100/1000Base-T copper Ethernet Management Ports (RJ45), numbered 0/1 and
0/2 from left to right. These ports are used to connect directly to the appliance for
system administration functions.
•
Network Ports
•
MPX 9700/10500/12500/15500. Eight copper or fiber 1G SFP ports numbered 1/1,
1/2, 1/3, and 1/4 on the first row from left to right, and 1/5, 1/6, 1/7, and 1/8 on
the second row from left to right. Eight 10/100/1000BASE-T copper Ethernet Ports
(RJ45) numbered 1/9, 1/10, 1/11, and 1/12 on the third row from left to right, and
1/13, 1/14, 1/15, and 1/16 on the fourth row from left to right.
•
MPX 9700/10500/12500/15500 10G and MPX 9700/10500/12500/15000 FIPS. Two
10G SFP+ Ports numbered 10/1 and 10/2 on the top row, eight 1-gigabit copper or
fiber 1G SFP Ports numbered 1/1, 1/2, 1/3, and 1/4 on the middle row from left to
right, and 1/5, 1/6, 1/7, and 1/8 on the bottom row from left to right.
Important: The 10-gigabit ports on this appliance are labeled 10/1 and 10/2.
The following figure shows the back panel of the MPX 9700/10500/12500/15500 appliances,
including the 10G model and FIPS model.
52
Citrix NetScaler MPX 9700, MPX 10500, MPX 12500, and MPX 15500
Figure 4. Citrix NetScaler MPX 9700/10500/12500/15500, MPX 9700/10500/12500/15500
FIPS, and MPX 9700/10500/12500/15500 10G, back panel
*The USB Port is reserved for a future release.
The following components are visible on the back panel of the MPX
9700/10500/12500/15500, including the 10G model and FIPS model:
•
Four GB removable CompactFlash Card that is used to store the NetScaler software.
•
Power Switch, which turns off power to the appliance, just as if you were to unplug the
power supply. Press the switch for five seconds to turn off the power.
•
Removable Hard Disk Drive that is used to store user data.
•
USB Port (reserved for a future release).
•
Non-maskable interrupt (NMI) Button that is used at the request of Technical Support
and produces a core dump on the NetScaler. You must use a pen, pencil, or other
pointed object to press this red button, which is recessed to prevent unintentional
activation.
•
Disable Alarm Button. This button is functional only when the appliance has two power
supplies.
Press this button to stop the power alarm from sounding when you have plugged the
appliance into only one power outlet or when one power supply is malfunctioning and
you want to continue operating the appliance until it is repaired.
•
Dual Power Supplies, each rated at 450 watts, 110-220 volts.
For information about installing the rails, rack mounting the hardware, and connecting the
cables, see "Installing the Hardware."
For information about performing initial configuration of your appliance, see "Initial
Configuration."
53
Citrix NetScaler MPX 11500, MPX 13500,
MPX 14500, MPX 16500, MPX 18500,
and MPX 20500
The Citrix NetScaler models MPX 11500/13500/14500/16500/18500/20500 are 2U
appliances. Each model has two 6-core processors for a total of 12 physical cores (24 cores
with hyper-threading), and 48 gigabytes (GB) of memory.
The following figure shows the front panel of the MPX
11500/13500/14500/16500/18500/20500 appliance.
Figure 1. Citrix NetScaler MPX 11500/13500/14500/16500/18500/20500 appliance, front
panel
The MPX 11500/13500/14500/16500/18500/20500 appliances have the following ports:
•
10/100Base-T copper Ethernet Port (RJ45), also called LOM port. You can use this port
to remotely monitor and manage the appliance independently of the NetScaler
software.
Note: The LEDs on the LOM port are not operational by design.
54
•
RS232 serial console port.
•
Two 10/100/1000Base-T copper Ethernet management ports (RJ45), numbered 0/1 and
0/2 from left to right. These ports are used to connect directly to the appliance for
system administration functions.
•
Eight 1G SFP ports numbered 1/1, 1/2, 1/3, 1/4 from top to bottom in the first column,
and 1/5, 1/6, 1/7, and 1/8 from top to bottom in the second column.
Citrix NetScaler MPX 11500,MPX 13500,MPX 14500,MPX 16500,MPX 18500, andMPX 20500
•
Four 10G SFP+ ports numbered 10/1 and 10/2 from top to bottom in the first column,
and 10/3 and 10/4 from top to bottom in the second column.
The following figure shows the back panel of the MPX
11500/13500/14500/16500/18500/20500 appliance.
Figure 2. Citrix NetScaler MPX 11500/13500/14500/16500/18500/20500 appliance, back
panel
The following components are visible on the back panel of the MPX
11500/13500/14500/16500/18500/20500 appliance:
•
160 GB removable solid-state drive that is used to store the NetScaler software.
•
USB port (reserved for a future release).
•
Power switch, which turns off power to the appliance, just as if you were to unplug the
power supply. Press the switch for five seconds to turn off the power.
•
Non-maskable interrupt (NMI) Button that is used at the request of Technical Support
and produces a core dump on the NetScaler. You must use a pen, pencil, or other
pointed object to press this red button, which is recessed to prevent unintentional
activation.
•
Two removable hard-disk drives that are used to store user data.
•
Disable alarm button. This button is functional only when the appliance has two power
supplies.
Press this button to stop the power alarm from sounding when you have plugged the
appliance into only one power outlet or when one power supply is malfunctioning and
you want to continue operating the appliance until it is repaired.
•
Dual power supplies, each rated at 650 watts, 110-220 volts.
For information about installing the rails, rack mounting the hardware, and connecting the
cables, see "Installing the Hardware."
For information about performing initial configuration of your appliance, see "Initial
Configuration."
55
Citrix NetScaler MPX 11515, MPX 11520,
MPX 11530, MPX 11540, and MPX
11542
The Citrix NetScaler models MPX 11515/11520/11530/11540/11542 are 2U appliances. Each
model has two 6-core processors for a total of 12 physical cores (24 cores with
hyper-threading), and 48 gigabytes (GB) of memory.
The following figure shows the front panel of the MPX 11515/11520/11530/11540/11542
appliance.
Figure 1. Citrix NetScaler MPX 11515/11520/11530/11540/11542 appliance, front panel
The MPX 11515/11520/11530/11540/11542 appliances have the following ports:
•
RS232 serial console port.
•
10/100Base-T copper Ethernet Port (RJ45), also called LOM port. You can use this port
to remotely monitor and manage the appliance independently of the NetScaler
software.
Note: The LEDs on the LOM port are not operational by design.
•
Two 10/100/1000Base-T copper Ethernet management ports (RJ45), numbered 0/1 and
0/2 from left to right. These ports are used to connect directly to the appliance for
system administration functions.
•
Eight 10G SFP+ ports and four copper or fiber 1G SFP ports.
The following figure shows the back panel of the MPX 11515/11520/11530/11540/11542
appliance.
56
Citrix NetScaler MPX 11515, MPX 11520, MPX 11530, MPX 11540, and MPX 11542
Figure 3. Citrix NetScaler MPX11515/11520/11530/11540/11542 appliance, back panel
The following components are visible on the back panel of the MPX
11515/11520/11530/11540/11542 appliance:
•
256 GB removable solid-state drive that is used to store the NetScaler software.
•
USB port (reserved for a future release).
•
Power switch, which turns off power to the appliance, just as if you were to unplug the
power supply. Press the switch for five seconds to turn off the power.
•
Non-maskable interrupt (NMI) Button that is used at the request of Technical Support
and produces a core dump on the NetScaler. You must use a pen, pencil, or other
pointed object to press this red button, which is recessed to prevent unintentional
activation.
•
Two removable hard-disk drives that are used to store user data.
•
Disable alarm button. This button is functional only when the appliance has two power
supplies.
Press this button to stop the power alarm from sounding when you have plugged the
appliance into only one power outlet or when one power supply is malfunctioning and
you want to continue operating the appliance until it is repaired.
•
Dual power supplies, each rated at 650 watts, 110-220 volts.
For information about installing the rails, rack mounting the hardware, and connecting the
cables, see "Installing the Hardware."
For information about performing initial configuration of your appliance, see "Initial
Configuration."
57
Citrix NetScaler MPX 15000
The Citrix NetScaler MPX 15000 appliance is a 2U appliance, with 2 dual-core processors,
and 16 GB of memory. The MPX 15000 is a high-capacity hardware platform intended for
heavy use in enterprise and service provider environments. The following figure shows the
front panel of the MPX 15000 appliance.
Figure 1. Citrix NetScaler MPX 15000 appliance, front panel
The appliance has the following ports:
•
RS232 serial console port.
•
10/100/1000BASE-T copper Ethernet management port, numbered 0/1.
•
Two XFP (10-Gigabit Small Form-Factor Pluggable) fiber optic ports, numbered from left
to right 1/1 and 1/2.
•
Eight 10/100/1000BASE-T copper Ethernet ports, numbered from upper left to bottom
right 1/3, 1/4, 1/5, 1/6, 1/7, 1/8, 1/9, and 1/10.
When facing the bezel, the upper LEDs to the left of each port represent connectivity. They
are lit and amber in color when active. The lower LEDs represent throughput. They are lit
and green when active.
Note: The network port numbers on all appliances consist of two numbers separated by a
forward slash. The first number is the port adapter slot number and will always be either
0 or 1. The second number is the interface port number. Ports on appliances are
numbered sequentially starting with 1.
The following figure shows the back panel of the MPX 15000 appliance.
58
Citrix NetScaler MPX 15000
Figure 2. Citrix NetScaler MPX 15000 appliance, back panel
The following components are visible on the back panel of the MPX 15000 appliance:
•
Removable hard-disk drive that is used to store user data.
•
Dual power supplies, each rated at 500 watts, 110-220 volts.
You plug separate power cords into the power supplies and connect them to separate
wall sockets. The MPX 15000 functions properly with a single power supply; the extra
power supply serves as a backup.
•
Non-maskable interrupt (NMI) button, which signals the MPX 15000 to perform an
orderly shutdown after saving all files. You must use a pen, pencil, or other pointed
object to press this button, which is located inside a small hole to prevent it from being
pressed accidentally.
•
Removable CompactFlash card that is used to store the NetScaler software.
For information about installing the rails, rack mounting the hardware, and connecting the
cables, see "Installing the Hardware."
For information about performing initial configuration of your appliance, see "Initial
Configuration."
59
Citrix NetScaler MPX 17000
The Citrix NetScaler MPX 17000 appliance is a 2U appliance, with 2 quad-core processors,
and 32 GB of memory. The MPX 17000 is a high-capacity hardware platform intended for
any high traffic, intensive processing data center environment. There are two MPX 17000
models: the four network-port model and the ten network-port model.
The following figure shows the front panel of the MPX 17000, four network-port model.
Figure 1. Citrix NetScaler MPX 17000 four network-port model, front panel
Depending on the model, the appliance has the following ports:
•
RS232 serial console port.
•
10/100/1000BASE-T copper Ethernet management port, numbered 0/1.
•
Network Ports
•
MPX 17000 four network-port model. Four XFP (10-Gigabit Small Form-Factor
Pluggable) ports, numbered from upper left to bottom right 1/1, 1/2, 1/3, and 1/4.
•
MPX 17000 ten network-port model. Two XFP ports, numbered from left to right 1/1
and 1/2 and eight 10/100/1000BASE-T Ethernet ports, numbered from upper left to
bottom right 1/3, 1/4, 1/5, 1/6, 1/7, 1/8, 1/9 and 1/10.
Note: The network port numbers on all appliances consist of two numbers separated
by a forward slash. The first number is the port adapter slot number and will always
be either 0 or 1. The second number is the interface port number. Ports on
appliances are numbered sequentially starting with 1.
When facing the bezel, the upper LEDs to the left of each port represent connectivity. They
are lit and amber in color when active. The lower LEDs represent throughput. They are lit
and green when active.
The following figure shows the back panel of the MPX 17000 appliance.
60
Citrix NetScaler MPX 17000
Figure 2. Citrix NetScaler MPX 17000 appliance, back panel
The following components are visible on the back of the MPX 17000 appliance:
•
Removable hard-disk drive that is used to store user data.
•
Dual power supplies, each rated at 500 watts, 110-220 volts.
You plug separate power cords into the power supplies and connect them to separate
wall sockets. The MPX 17000 functions properly with a single power supply; the extra
power supply serves as a backup.
•
Non-maskable interrupt (NMI) button, which signals the MPX 17000 to perform an
orderly shutdown after saving all files. You must use a pen, pencil, or other pointed
object to press this button, which is located inside a small hole to prevent it from being
pressed accidentally.
•
Removable CompactFlash card that is used to store the NetScaler software.
For information about installing the rails, rack mounting the hardware, and connecting the
cables, see "Installing the Hardware."
For information about performing initial configuration of your appliance, see "Initial
Configuration."
61
Citrix NetScaler MPX 17500, MPX 19500,
and MPX 21500
The Citrix NetScaler models MPX 17500/19500/21500 are 2U appliances. Each model has
two 6-core processors and 48 gigabytes (GB) of memory.
The following figure shows the front panel of the MPX 17500/19500/21500 appliance.
Figure 1. Citrix NetScaler MPX 17500/19500/21500 appliance, front panel
The MPX 17500/19500/21500 appliances have the following ports:
•
RS232 serial console port.
•
Two 10/100/1000Base-T copper Ethernet management ports (RJ45), numbered 0/1 and
0/2 from left to right. These ports are used to connect directly to the appliance for
system administration functions.
•
Eight 10G SFP+ ports numbered 10/1, 10/2, 10/3, and 10/4 on the top row from left to
right, and 10/5, 10/6, 10/7, and 10/8 on the bottom row from left to right.
The following figure shows the back panel of the MPX 17500/19500/21500 appliance.
Figure 2. Citrix NetScaler MPX 17500/19500/21500 appliance, back panel
62
Citrix NetScaler MPX 17500, MPX 19500, and MPX 21500
The following components are visible on the back panel of the MPX 17500/19500/21500
appliance:
•
160 GB removable solid-state drive that is used to store the NetScaler software.
•
USB port (reserved for a future release).
•
Power switch, which turns off power to the appliance, just as if you were to unplug the
power supply. Press the switch for five seconds to turn off the power.
•
Non-maskable interrupt (NMI) button that is used at the request of Technical Support
and produces a core dump on the NetScaler. You must use a pen, pencil, or other
pointed object to press this red button, which is recessed to prevent unintentional
activation.
•
Removable hard-disk drive that stores user data.
•
Disable alarm button. This button is functional only when the appliance has two power
supplies.
Press this button to stop the power alarm from sounding when you have plugged the
appliance into only one power outlet or when one power supply is malfunctioning and
you want to continue operating the appliance until it is repaired.
•
Dual power supplies, each rated at 650 watts, 110-220 volts.
For information about installing the rails, rack mounting the hardware, and connecting the
cables, see "Installing the Hardware."
For information about performing initial configuration of your appliance, see "Initial
Configuration."
63
Citrix NetScaler MPX 17550, MPX 19550,
MPX 20550, and MPX 21550
The Citrix NetScaler models MPX 17550, MPX 19550, MPX 20550, and MPX 21550 are 2U
appliances. Each model has two 6-core processors for a total of 12 physical cores (24 cores
with hyper-threading), and 96 gigabytes (GB) of memory.
The following figure shows the front panel of the MPX 17550/19550/20550/21550 appliance.
Figure 1. Citrix NetScaler MPX 17550/19550/20550/21550 appliance, front panel
The MPX 17550/19550/20550/21550 appliance has the following ports:
•
10/100Base-T copper Ethernet Port (RJ45), also called LOM port. You can use this port
to remotely monitor and manage the appliance independently of the NetScaler
software.
Note: The LEDs on the LOM port are not operational by design.
•
RS232 serial console port.
•
Two 10/100/1000Base-T copper Ethernet management ports (RJ45), numbered 0/1 and
0/2 from left to right. These ports are used to connect directly to the appliance for
system administration functions.
•
Eight 10G SFP+ ports numbered 10/1, 10/2, 10/3, and 10/4 on the top row from left to
right, and 10/5, 10/6, 10/7, and 10/8 on the bottom row from left to right.
The following figure shows the back panel of the MPX 17550/19550/20550/21550 appliance.
64
Citrix NetScaler MPX 17550, MPX 19550, MPX 20550, and MPX 21550
Figure 2. Citrix NetScaler MPX 17550/19550/20550/21550 appliance, back panel
The following components are visible on the back panel of the MPX
17550/19550/20550/21550 appliance:
•
160 GB removable solid-state drive that is used to store the NetScaler software.
•
USB port (reserved for a future release).
•
Power switch, which turns off power to the appliance, just as if you were to unplug the
power supply. Press the switch for five seconds to turn off the power.
•
Non-maskable interrupt (NMI) button that is used at the request of Technical Support
and produces a core dump on the NetScaler. You must use a pen, pencil, or other
pointed object to press this red button, which is recessed to prevent unintentional
activation.
•
Two removable hard-disk drives that store user data.
•
Disable alarm button. This button is functional only when the appliance has two power
supplies.
Press this button to stop the power alarm from sounding when you have plugged the
appliance into only one power outlet or when one power supply is malfunctioning and
you want to continue operating the appliance until it is repaired.
•
Dual power supplies, each rated at 850 watts, 110-220 volts.
For information about installing the rails, rack mounting the hardware, and connecting the
cables, see "Installing the Hardware."
For information about performing initial configuration of your appliance, see "Initial
Configuration."
65
Citrix NetScaler MPX 22040, MPX 22060,
MPX 22080, MPX 22100, and MPX
22120
The Citrix NetScaler MPX 22040/22060/22080/22100/22120 are 2U appliances. Each model
has two 8-core processors, and 256 gigabytes (GB) of memory. The MPX
22040/22060/22080/22100/22120 appliances are available in two port configurations:
•
Twelve 1G SFP ports and twenty-four 10G SFP+ ports (12x1G SFP + 24x10G SFP+)
•
Twenty-four 10G SFP+ ports (24x10G SFP+)
The following figure shows the front panel of the MPX 22040/22060/22080/22100/22120
(12x1G SFP + 24x10G SFP+) appliance.
Figure 1. Citrix NetScaler MPX 22040/22060/22080/22100/22120 (12x1G SFP + 24x10G
SFP+), front panel
The following figure shows the front panel of the MPX 22040/22060/22080/22100/22120
(24x10G SFP+) appliance.
66
Citrix NetScaler MPX 22040, MPX 22060, MPX 22080, MPX 22100, and MPX 22120
Figure 2. Citrix NetScaler MPX 22040/22060/22080/22100/22120 (24x10G SFP+), front panel
Depending on the model, the appliance has the following ports:
•
RS232 serial Console Port.
•
10/100Base-T copper Ethernet Port (RJ45), also called LOM port. You can use this port
to remotely monitor and manage the appliance independently of the NetScaler
software.
•
Two 10/100/1000Base-T copper Ethernet Management Ports (RJ45), numbered 0/1 and
0/2 from left to right. These ports are used to connect directly to the appliance for
system administration functions.
•
Network Ports
•
MPX 22040/22060/22080/22100/22120 (12x1G SFP + 24x10G SFP+). Twelve copper
or fiber 1G SFP ports and twenty-four 10G SFP+ ports.
MPX 22040/22060/22080/22100/22120 (24x10G SFP+). Twenty-four 10G SFP+ ports.
The following figure shows the back panel of the MPX 22040/22060/22080/22100/22120
appliances.
•
Figure 3. Citrix NetScaler MPX 22040/22060/22080/22100/22120, back panel
The following components are visible on the back panel of the MPX
22040/22060/22080/22100/22120 appliance:
67
Citrix NetScaler MPX 22040, MPX 22060, MPX 22080, MPX 22100, and MPX 22120
•
Power switch, which turns off power to the appliance, just as if you were to unplug the
power supply. Press the switch for five seconds to turn off the power.
•
Two 256 GB removable solid-state drives. The leftmost solid-state drive stores the
NetScaler software. The other solid-state drive stores user data.
•
Two 1TB removable hard disk drives that are used to store user data.
•
Four power supplies, each rated at 750 watts, 100-240 volts. A minimum of two power
supplies are required for proper operation. The extra power supplies act as backup.
For information about installing the rails, rack mounting the hardware, and connecting the
cables, see "Installing the Hardware."
For information about performing initial configuration of your appliance, see "Initial
Configuration."
68
Summary of Hardware Specifications
The following tables summarize the specifications of the hardware platforms.
Table 1. Standard Platform Summary
9010 FIPS
12000-10G
Processor
1 single-core
2 single-cores
Memory
2 GB
4 GB
Number of Power Supplies
2
2
Power Supply input voltage
& frequency
100-240 VAC
100-240 VAC
47-63 Hz
47-63 Hz
Maximum Power
Consumption
500 W
500 W
Weight
52 lbs
52 lbs
23.59 kg
23.59 kg
Height
2U
2U
Width
EIA 310-D
EIA 310-D
Depth
24 in or 61 cm
24 in or 61 cm
Operating Temperature
0–40° C
0–40° C
32–104° F
32–104° F
Humidity range
(non-condensing)
5%–95%
5%–95%
Safety Certifications
TUV
TUV
EMC & Susceptibility
FCC Class A, CB, FCC, CE,
VCCI, C-Tick, NOM
FCC Class A, CB, FCC, CE,
VCCI, C-Tick, NOM,
SASO/CITC
Compliance
RoHS, WEEE
Table 2. MPX Platform Summary
69
RoHS, WEEE
MPX 5500
MPX 5550/MPX 5650
MPX 7500/MPX
9500
MPX 15000
Processors
1 dual-core
1 quad-core
1 dual-core
2 quad-core
Memory
4 GB
8 GB
8 GB
16 GB
Summary of Hardware Specifications
Ports - 1G
4x10/100/10
00Base-T
copper
Ethernet
ports
6x10/100/1000Base
-T copper Ethernet
ports
8x10/100/1000Ba
se-T copper
Ethernet ports
model:
8x10/100/10
00Base-T
copper
Ethernet
ports
8x10/100/1000Bas
e-T copper
Ethernet ports
4x1G SFP + 4x10/
100/1000Base-T
copper Ethernet
ports model:
4xcopper/fiber 1G
SFP ports,
4x10/100/1000Bas
e-T copper
Ethernet ports
Ports - 10G
NA
NA
NA
NA
Number of
Power
Supplies
1
1
1 with second
optional
2
AC Power
Supply input
voltage,
frequency, &
current
100–240 VAC
100–240 VAC
100–240 VAC
100–240 VAC
50–60 Hz
50–60 Hz
50–60 Hz
47–63 Hz
3–1.5 A
2.5 A
3–1.5 A
Maximum
Power
Consumption
260 W
300 W
260 W
700 W
Heat
Dissipation
887 BTU per
hour
630 BTU per hour
887 BTU per hour
Weight
22 lbs
32 lbs
23 lbs with one
power supply
52 lbs
9.98 kg
14.5 kg
23.58 kg
10.43 kg with one
power supply
Height
1U
1U
1U
2U
Width
EIA 310-D for
19-inch racks
EIA 310-D for
19-inch racks
EIA 310-D for
19-inch racks
EIA 310-D for
19-inch racks
Depth
21.75 in or
55 cm
24.02 in or 61 cm
21.75 in or 55 cm
18.5 in or 47
cm
Operating
Temperature
0–40° C
0–40° C
0–40° C
0–35° C
32–104° F
32–104° F
32–104° F
32–95° F
5%–95%
5%–95%
5%–95%
5%–95%
Humidity
range (non-c
ondensing)
70
Summary of Hardware Specifications
Safety Certif
ications
CSA
CSA
CSA
UL & TUV-C
EMC & Susce
ptibility
FCC (Part 15
Class A), CE,
C-Tick, CCC,
KCC, NOM,
PCT, VCCI,
SASO, SABS
FCC (Part 15 Class
A), CE, C-Tick,
VCCI-A, CCC, KCC,
NOM, SASO, SABS,
PCT
FCC (Part 15 Class
A), CE, C-Tick,
CCC, KCC, NOM,
PCT, VCCI, SASO,
SABS
FCC (Part 15
Class A),
DoC, CE,
VCCI, CNS,
AN/NES
RoHS, WEEE
RoHS, WEEE
Compliance
RoHS, WEEE
RoHS, WEEE
Table 3. MPX Platform Summary (contd.)
MPX 17000
MPX 8200/MPX
8400/MPX
8600/MPX 8800
MPX 9700/MPX
10500/MPX
12500/MPX
15500
MPX
11500/MPX
13500/MPX
14500/MPX
16500/MPX
18500/ MPX
20500
Processors
2 quad-core
1 quad-core
2 quad-core
2 six-core
Memory
32 GB
32 GB
16 GB
48 GB
Ports - 1G
Ten
network-port
model:
6x1G SFP + 6x10
/100/1000BaseT copper
Ethernet model:
8x10/100/1000
Base-T copper
Ethernet ports,
8xcopper/fiber
1G SFP ports
8x1G SFP ports
8x10/100/1000Ba
se-T copper
Ethernet ports
6xcopper/fiber
1G SFP ports,
6x10/100/1000Ba
se-T copper
Ethernet ports
10G and FIPS
model:
8xcopper/fiber
1G SFP ports
2x10G SFP+ 6x1
0/100/1000Base
-T copper
Ethernet model:
6xcopper/fiber
1G SFP ports
Ports - 10G
Four
network-port
model:
2x10G SFP+ 6x1
0/100/1000Base
-T copper
Ethernet model:
4x10G XFP ports
2x10G SFP+ Ports
Ten
network-port
model:
2x10G XFP ports
71
10G and FIPS
model:
2x10G SFP+
ports
4x10G SFP+
ports
Summary of Hardware Specifications
Number of
Power
Supplies
2
1
2
2
AC Power
Supply
input
voltage,
frequency,
& current
100–240 VAC
100–240 VAC
100–240 VAC
100–240 VAC
47–63 Hz
50–60 Hz
50–60 Hz
50–60 Hz
2.5 A
4.5–2.5 A
6.5–3.5 A
Maximum
Power Cons
umption
700 W
450 W
450 W
650 W
Heat
Dissipation
630 BTU per hour
1550 BTU per
hour
2200 BTU per
hour
Weight
52 lbs
32 lbs
31 lbs
46 lbs
23.59 kg
14.52 kg
14.06 kg
20.87 kg
Height
2U
1U
2U
2U
Width
EIA 310-D for
19-inch racks
EIA 310-D for
19-inch racks
EIA 310-D for
19-inch racks
EIA 310-D for
19-inch racks
Depth
18.5 in or 47 cm
24.01 in or 61 cm
24.5 in or 62
cm
28 in or 71.68
cm
Operating
Temperatu
re
0–35° C
0–40° C
0–40° C
0–40° C
32–95° F
32–104° F
32–104° F
32–104° F
Humidity
range (noncondensing
)
5%–95%
5%–95%
5%–95%
5%–95%
Safety Cert
ifications
UL & TUV-C
TUV
CSA
CSA
EMC & Susc
eptibility
FCC (Part 15 Class
A), DoC, CE,
VCCI, CNS,
AN/NES
FCC (Part 15
Class A), CE,
C-Tick, VCCI-A
FCC (Part 15
Class A), CE,
C-Tick, KCC,
NOM, PCT,
VCCI, SASO,
SABS
FCC (Part 15
Class A), CE,
C-Tick, VCCI,
CCC, KC, NOM,
GOST, SABS,
SASO
Compliance
RoHS, WEEE
RoHS, WEEE
RoHS, WEEE
RoHS, SVHC,
WEEE
Table 4. MPX Platform Summary (contd.)
72
MPX 11515/11520/11
530/11540/11542
MPX 17500/MPX
19500/MPX 21500
MPX
17550/MPX
19550/MPX
20550/MPX
21550
MPX 22040/MPX
22060/MPX
22080/MPX
22100/MPX 22120
Processors
2 six-core
2 six-core
2 six-core
2 eight-core
Memory
48 GB
48 GB
96 GB
256 GB
Summary of Hardware Specifications
Ports - 1G
4xcopper/fiber 1G
SFP ports
NA
NA
12x1G SFP +
24x10G SFP+
model:
12xcopper/fiber
1G SFP ports
Ports 10G
8x10G SFP+ ports
8x10G SFP+ ports
8x10G
SFP+ ports
12x1G SFP +
24x10G SFP+
model:
24x10G SFP+
ports
24x10G SFP+
ports model:
24x10G SFP+
ports
Number of
Power
Supplies
2
2
2
4
AC Power
Supply
input
voltage,
frequency,
& current
100–240 VAC
100–240 VAC
100–240
VAC
50–60 Hz
50–60 Hz
12x1G SFP +
24x10G SFP+
model:
6.5–3.5 A
6.5–3.5 A
50–60 Hz
100-240VAC
6.5–3.5 A
50/60Hz
6.0-12.0A
24x10G SFP+
model:
100-240VAC
50/60Hz
6.5-15.5A
Maximum
Power Con
sumption
650 W
650 W
850 W
12x1G SFP +
24x10G SFP+
model:
1050 W
24x10G SFP+
model:
1400 W
73
Summary of Hardware Specifications
Heat
Dissipation
2200 BTU per hour
2200 BTU per
hour
2900 BTU
per hour
12x1G SFP +
24x10G SFP+
model:
2,000-2,6000 BTU
per hour
24x10G SFP+
model:
2,700-3,800 BTU
per hour
Weight
74
46 lbs
40 lbs
40 lbs
85 lbs
20.87 kg
18.14 kg
18.14 kg
38.56 kg
Height
2U
2U
2U
2U
Width
EIA 310-D for 19-inch
racks
EIA 310-D for
19-inch racks
EIA 310-D
for 19-inch
racks
EIA 310-D for
19-inch racks
Depth
28 in or 71.68 cm
24.75 in or
62.865 cm
24.75 in or
62.865 cm
28¼ in or 72 cm
Operating
Temperatu
re
0–40° C
0–40° C
0–40° C
0–40° C
32–104° F
32–104° F
32–104° F
32–104° F
Humidity
range (non
-condensin
g)
5%–95%
5%–95%
5%–95%
20%–80%
Safety Cer
tifications
CSA
TUV
TUV
CSA
EMC & Sus
ceptibility
FCC (Part 15 Class
A), CE, C-Tick, VCCI,
CCC, KC, NOM,
GOST, SABS, SASO
FCC (Part 15
Class A), CE,
C-Tick, VCCI-A
FCC (Part
15 Class
A), CE,
C-Tick,
VCCI-A
FCC (Part 15
Class A), CE (EN5
5022/55024),
C-Tick, VCCI
Complianc
e
RoHS, SVHC, WEEE
RoHS, WEEE
RoHS,
WEEE
RoHS, WEEE
Preparing for Installation
Before you install your new appliance, carefully unpack your appliance and make sure that
all parts were delivered. Once you are satisfied that your appliance has been delivered to
your expectations, verify that the location where the appliance will be installed meets
temperature and power requirements and that the server cabinet or floor-to-ceiling cabinet
is securely bolted to the floor and has sufficient airflow.
Only trained and qualified personnel should install, maintain, or replace the appliance, and
efforts should be taken to ensure that all cautions and warnings are followed.
75
Unpacking the Appliance
The hardware accessories for your particular appliance, such as cables, adapters, and rail
kit, vary depending on the hardware platform you ordered. Unpack the box that contains
your new appliance on a sturdy table with plenty of space and inspect the contents.
Use the following list to verify that you received everything that should have been included
in the box.
•
The appliance you ordered
•
One RJ-45 to DB-9 adapter
•
One 6 ft RJ-45/DB-9 cable
•
The following list specifies the number of power cables included for each appliance
model:
•
One power cable for the MPX 5500, MPX 5550/5650, MPX 7500/9500, and MPX
8200/8400/8600/8800 appliances
•
Two power cables for the 9010 FIPS, 12000-10G, MPX 15000, MPX 17000, MPX
9700/10500/12500/15500, MPX 11500/13500/14500/16500/18500/20500, MPX
11515/11520/11530/11540/11542, MPX 17500/19500/21500, and MPX
17550/19550/20550/21550 appliances
•
Four power cables for the MPX 22040/22060/22080/22100/22120 appliance
Note: Make sure that a power outlet is available for each cable.
Note: For Brazilian customers, Citrix does not ship a power cable. Use a cable that
conforms to the ABNT NBR 14136:2002 standard.
•
One standard 4-post rail kit
Note: If the kit that you received does not fit your rack, contact your Citrix sales
representative to order the appropriate kit.
In addition to the items included in the box with your new appliance, you will need the
following items to complete the installation and initial configuration process.
•
Ethernet cables for each additional Ethernet port that you will connect to your network
•
One available Ethernet port on your network switch or hub for each NetScaler Ethernet
port you want to connect to your network
Note: Transceiver modules are sold separately. Contact your Citrix sales
representative to order transceiver modules for your appliance. Only transceivers
supplied by Citrix are supported on the appliance.
•
76
A computer to serve as a management workstation
Preparing the Site and Rack
There are specific site and rack requirements for the NetScaler appliance. You must make
sure that adequate environmental control and power density are available. Racks must be
bolted to the ground, have sufficient airflow, and have adequate power and network
connections. Preparing the site and rack are important steps in the installation process and
help ensure a smooth installation.
Site Requirements
The appliance should be installed in a server room or server cabinet with the following
features:
Environment control
An air conditioner, preferably a dedicated computer room air conditioner (CRAC),
capable of maintaining the cabinet or server room at a temperature of no more than 27
degrees C/80.6 degrees F at altitudes of up to 2100 m/7000 ft, or 18 degrees C/64.4
degrees F at higher altitudes, a humidity level no greater than 45 percent, and a
dust-free environment.
Power density
Wiring capable of handling at least 4,000 watts per rack unit in addition to power needs
for the CRAC.
Rack Requirements
The rack on which you install your appliance should meet the following criteria:
Rack characteristics
Racks should be either integrated into a purpose-designed server cabinet or be the
floor-to-ceiling type, bolted down at both top and bottom to ensure stability. If you have
a cabinet, it should be installed perpendicular to a load-bearing wall for stability and
sufficient airflow. If you have a server room, your racks should be installed in rows
spaced at least 1 meter/3 feet apart for sufficient airflow. Your rack must allow your IT
personnel unfettered access to the front and back of each server and to all power and
network connections.
Power connections
At minimum, two standard power outlets per unit.
Network connections
At minimum, four Ethernet connections per rack unit.
77
Preparing the Site and Rack
Space requirements
One empty rack unit for the Citrix NetScaler 7000, MPX 5500, MPX 5550/5650, MPX
7500/9500, and MPX 8200/8400/8600/8800, and two consecutive empty rack units for all
other appliance models.
Note: You can order the following rail kits separately.
78
•
Compact 4-post rail kit, which fits racks of 23 to 33 inches.
•
2-post rail kit, which fits 2-post racks.
Cautions and Warnings
Electrical Safety Precautions
Caution: During installation or maintenance procedures, wear a grounding wrist strap to
avoid ESD damage to the electronics of the appliance. Use a conductive wrist strap
attached to a good earth ground or to the appliance. You can attach it to the connector
beside the ESD symbol on the back.
Follow basic electrical safety precautions to protect yourself from harm and the appliance
from damage.
79
•
Be aware of the location of the emergency power off (EPO) switch, so that you can
quickly remove power to the appliance if an electrical accident occurs.
•
Remove all jewelry and other metal objects that might come into contact with power
sources or wires before installing or repairing the appliance. When you touch both a live
power source or wire and ground, any metal objects can heat up rapidly and may cause
burns, set clothing on fire, or fuse the metal object to an exposed terminal.
•
Use a regulating, uninterruptible power supply (UPS) to protect the appliance from
power surges and voltage spikes, and to keep the appliance operating in case of power
failure.
•
Never stack the appliance on top of any other server or electronic equipment.
•
All appliances are designed to be installed on power systems that use TN earthing. Do
not install your device on a power system that uses either TT or IT earthing.
•
Make sure that the appliance has a direct physical connection to the earth during
normal use. When installing or repairing an appliance, always make sure that the
ground circuit is connected first and disconnected last.
•
Make sure that a fuse or circuit breaker no larger than 120 VAC, 15 A U.S. (240 VAC, 16
A international) is used on all current-carrying conductors on the power system to
which your appliances are connected.
•
Do not work alone when working with high voltage components.
•
Always disconnect the appliance from power before removing or installing any
component. When disconnecting power, first shut down the appliance, and then unplug
the power cords of all the power supply units connected to the appliance. As long as
the power cord is plugged in, line voltages can be present in the power supply, even
when the power switch is OFF.
•
Do not use mats designed to decrease static electrical discharge as protection from
electrical shock. Instead, use rubber mats that have been specifically designed as
electrical insulators.
•
Make sure that the power source can handle the appliance's maximum power
consumption rating with no danger of an overload. Always unplug any appliance before
Cautions and Warnings
performing repairs or upgrades.
•
Do not overload the wiring in your server cabinet or on your server room rack.
•
During thunderstorms, or anticipated thunderstorms, avoid performing any hardware
repairs or upgrades until the danger of lightning has passed.
•
When you dispose of an old appliance or any components, follow any local and national
laws on disposal of electronic waste.
•
To prevent possible explosions, replace expired batteries with the same model or a
manufacturer-recommended substitute and follow the manufacturer’s instructions for
battery replacement.
Never remove a power supply cover or
any sealed part that has the following
label:
•
Appliance Precautions
80
•
Determine the placement of each component in the rack before you install the rail.
•
Install the heaviest appliance first, at the bottom of the rack, and then work upward.
Distribute the load on the rack evenly. An unbalanced rack is hazardous.
•
Allow the power supply units and hard drives to cool before touching them.
•
Install the equipment near an electrical outlet for easy access.
•
Mount equipment in a rack with sufficient airflow for safe operation.
•
For a closed or multiple-unit rack assembly, the ambient operating temperature of the
rack environment might be greater than the ambient temperature of the room.
Therefore, consider the lowest and highest operating temperatures of the equipment
when making a decision about where to install the appliance in the rack.
Cautions and Warnings
Rack Precautions
81
•
Make sure that the leveling jacks on the bottom of the rack are fully extended to the
floor, with the full weight of the rack resting on them.
•
For a single-rack installation, attach a stabilizer to the rack.
•
For a multiple-rack installation, couple (attach) the racks together.
•
Always make sure that the rack is stable before extending a component from the rack.
•
Extend only one component at a time. Extending two or more simultaneously might
cause the rack to become unstable.
•
The handles on the left and right of the front panel of the appliance should be used
only for extending the appliance out of the rack. Do not use these handles for mounting
the appliance on the rack. Use the rack-rail hardware, described later, instead.
Installing the Hardware
After you have determined that the location where you will install your appliance meets the
environmental standards and the server rack is in place according to the instructions, you
are ready to install the hardware. After you mount the appliance, you are ready to connect
it to the network, to a power source, and to the console terminal that you will use for
initial configuration. To complete the installation, you turn on the appliance. Be sure to
observe the cautions and warnings listed with the installation instructions.
82
Rack Mounting the Appliance
Most appliances can be installed in standard server racks that conform to EIA-310-D
specification. The appliances ship with a set of rails, which you must install before you
mount the appliance. The only tools that you need for installing an appliance are a Phillips
screwdriver and a flathead screwdriver.
Caution: If you are installing the appliance as the only unit in the rack, mount it at the
bottom. If the rack contains other units, make sure that the heaviest unit is at the
bottom. If the rack has stabilizing devices available, install them before mounting the
appliance.
The following table lists the different hardware platforms and the rack units required for
each platform.
Table 1. Height Requirements For Each Platform
Platform
Number of rack units
7000
One rack unit
9010 FIPS, 12000-10G
Two rack units
MPX 5500
One rack unit
MPX 5550/5650
One rack unit
MPX 7500/9500
One rack unit
MPX 8200/8400/8600/8800
One rack unit
MPX 9700/10500/12500/15500
Two rack units
MPX 15000, MPX 17000
Two rack units
MPX 11500/13500/14500/16500/18500/20500
Two rack units
MPX 11515/11520/11530/11540/11542
Two rack units
MPX 17500/19500/21500
Two rack units
MPX 17550/19550/20550/21550
Two rack units
MPX 22040/22060/22080/22100/22120
Two rack units
Each appliance ships with a mounting rail kit that contains two rail assemblies, one for the
left side and the other for the right side of the appliance, and screws to attach the rails. An
assembly consists of an inner rail and a rack rail. The supplied rail kit is 28 inches long (38
inches extended). Contact your Citrix sales representative to order a 23-inch (33 inches
extended) rail kit.
Note: The same rail kit is used for both square-hole and round-hole racks. See "Installing
the Rail Assembly to the Rack" for specific instructions for threaded, round-hole racks.
To mount the appliance, you must first install the rails and then install the appliance in the
rack.
Perform the following tasks to mount the appliance:
83
Rack Mounting the Appliance
•
Remove the inner rails from the rail assembly.
•
Attach the inner rails to the appliance.
•
Install the rack rails on the rack.
•
Install the appliance in the rack.
The appliance is shipped with rack-rail hardware. This hardware consists of two inner rails
that you attach to the appliance, one on each side, and a rack-rail assembly that you attach
to the rack. The following figure illustrates the steps involved in mounting the Citrix
NetScaler appliance to a rack.
To remove the inner rails from the rail assembly
1. Place the rail assembly on a flat surface.
2. Slide out the inner rail toward the front of the assembly.
3. Depress the latch until the inner rail comes all the way out of the rail assembly.
4. Repeat steps 1 through 3 to remove the second inner rail.
To attach the inner rails to the appliance
1. Position the right inner rail behind the handle on the right side of the appliance.
2. Align the holes on the rail with the corresponding holes on the side of the appliance.
3. Attach the rail to the appliance with the provided screws: 4 per side for a 1U appliance
and 5 per side for a 2U appliance, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 1. Attaching inner rails
4. Repeat steps 1 through 3 to install the left inner rail on the other side of the appliance.
84
Rack Mounting the Appliance
To install the rack rails on the rack
1. If you have a round-hole, threaded rack, skip to step 3.
2. Install square nut retainers into the front post and back post of the rack as shown in the
following figures. Before inserting a screw, be sure to align the square nut with the
correct hole for your 1U or 2U appliance. The three holes are not evenly spaced.
Figure 2. Installing Retainers into the Front Rack Posts Figure 3. Installing Retainers into
the Rear Rack Posts
3. Install the adjustable rail assembly into the rack as shown in the following figures. Use
a screw to lock the rear rail flange into the rack. With the screw securing the rail in
place, you can optionally remove the latching spring.
85
Rack Mounting the Appliance
Figure 4. Installing the Rail Assembly to the Rack
86
Rack Mounting the Appliance
To install the appliance in the rack
1. Align the inner rails, attached to the appliance, with the rack rails.
2. Slide the appliance into the rack rails, keeping the pressure even on both sides.
3. Verify that the appliance is locked in place by pulling it all the way out from the rack.
Figure 5. Rack Mounting the Appliance
87
Installing and Removing 1G SFP
Transceivers
Note: This section applies to the 9010 FIPS, 12000-10G, MPX 8200/8400/8600/8800, MPX
9700/10500/12500/15500, MPX 11500/13500/14500/16500/18500/20500, MPX
11515/11520/11530/11540/11542, and MPX 22040/22060/22080/22100/22120 appliances.
A Small Form-Factor Pluggable (SFP) is a compact transceiver that can operate at speeds of
up to 1 gigabit per second and is available in both copper and fiber types. Inserting a 1G
SFP copper transceiver converts the 1G SFP port to a 1000BASE-T port. Inserting a 1G SFP
fiber transceiver converts the 1G SFP port to a 1000BASE-X port. Auto-negotiation is
enabled by default on the 1G SFP port into which you insert your 1G SFP transceiver. As
soon as a link between the port and the network is established, the speed and mode are
matched on both ends of the cable.
Note: The 1G SFP transceiver is hot-swappable from release 9.3 build 42.2 and later on
the NetScaler appliances that use the e1k interface. The following platforms support 1G
SPF transceivers:
•
MPX 7500/9500
•
MPX 8200/8400/8600/8800
•
MPX 9700/10500/12500/15500
•
MPX 11500/13500/14500/16500/18500/20500
•
MPX 11515/11520/11530/11540/11542
•
MPX 22040/22060/22080/22100/22120
Caution: NetScaler appliances do not support 1G SFP transceivers from vendors other
than Citrix Systems. Attempting to install third-party 1G SFP transceivers on your
NetScaler appliance voids the warranty.
Insert 1G SFP transceivers into the 1G SFP ports on the front panel of the appliance.
Frequent installation and removal of transceivers shortens their life span. Follow the
removal procedure carefully to avoid damaging the 1G SFP transceiver or the appliance.
Caution: Do not install the transceivers with the cables attached. Doing so can damage
the cable, the connector, or the optical interface of the transceiver.
88
Installing and Removing 1G SFP Transceivers
To install a 1G SFP transceiver
1. Remove the 1G SFP transceiver carefully from its box.
Danger: Do not look directly into fiber optic transceivers or cables. They emit laser
beams that can damage your eyes.
2. Align the 1G SFP transceiver to the front of the 1G SFP transceiver port on the front
panel of the appliance, as shown in the following figure.
Note: The illustration in the following figures might not represent your actual
appliance.
Figure 1. Installing a 1G SFP transceiver
3. Hold the 1G SFP transceiver between your thumb and index finger and insert it into the
1G SFP transceiver port, pressing it in until you hear the transceiver snap into place.
4. Lock the transceiver.
5. Verify that the LED is green and blinks twice, which indicates that the transceiver is
functioning correctly.
6. If you are using a fiber 1G SFP transceiver, do not remove the dust caps attached to the
transceiver and the cable until you are ready to insert the cable.
89
Installing and Removing 1G SFP Transceivers
To remove a 1G SFP transceiver
1. Disconnect the cable from the 1G SFP transceiver. If you are using a fiber optic cable,
replace the dust cap on the cable before putting it away.
Danger: Do not look directly into fiber optic transceivers or cables. They emit laser
beams that can damage your eyes.
2. Unlock the 1G SFP transceiver.
3. Hold the 1G SFP transceiver between your thumb and index finger and slowly pull it out
of the port.
4. If you are removing a fiber 1G SFP transceiver, replace the dust cap before putting it
away.
5. Put the 1G SFP transceiver into its original box or another appropriate container.
90
Installing and Removing XFP and 10G
SFP+ Transceivers
Note: This section applies to the 12000 10G, MPX 8200/8400/8600/8800, MPX
9700/10500/12500/15500, MPX 15000, MPX 17000, MPX
11500/13500/14500/16500/18500/20500, MPX 11515/11520/11530/11540/11542, MPX
17500/19500/21500, MPX 17550/19550/20550/21550, and MPX
22040/22060/22080/22100/22120 appliances.
A 10-Gigabit Small Form-Factor Pluggable (XFP or SFP+) is a compact optical transceiver
that can operate at speeds of up to 10 gigabits per second. The 12000 10G, MPX 15000, and
MPX 17000 appliances use XFP transceivers and the MPX 8200/8400/8600/8800, MPX
9700/10500/12500/15500, MPX 11500/13500/14500/16500/18500/20500, MPX
11515/11520/11530/11540/11542, MPX 17500/19500/21500, MPX
17550/19550/20550/21550, and MPX 22040/22060/22080/22100/22120 appliances use 10G
SFP+ transceivers. Autonegotiation is enabled by default on the XFP/10G SFP+ ports into
which you insert your XFP/10G SFP+ transceiver. As soon as a link between the port and the
network is established, the mode is matched on both ends of the cable and for 10G SFP+
transceivers, the speed is also autonegotiated.
Note: An XFP transceiver is not hot-swappable on the NetScaler appliances. You must
restart a NetScaler appliance after you insert an XFP transceiver.
However, the 10G SFP+ transceiver is hot-swappable from release 9.3 build 57.5 and later
on the NetScaler appliances that use the ixgbe (ix) interface. The following platforms
support 10G SPF+ transceivers:
•
MPX 8200/8400/8600/8800
•
MPX 9700/10500/12500/15500 10G and 10G FIPS
•
MPX 11500/13500/14500/16500/18500/20500
•
MPX 11515/11520/11530/11540/11542
•
MPX 17500/19500/21500
•
MPX 17550/19550/20550/21550
•
MPX 22040/22060/22080/22100/22120
The following platforms support XFP transceivers:
•
MPX 15000
•
MPX 17000
Caution: NetScaler appliances do not support XFP/10G SFP+ transceivers provided by
vendors other than Citrix Systems. Attempting to install third-party XFP/10G SFP+
transceivers on your NetScaler appliance voids the warranty.
91
Installing and Removing XFP and 10G SFP+ Transceivers
Insert the XFP/10G SFP+ transceivers into the XFP/10G SFP+ ports on the front panel of the
appliance. Frequent installation and removal of transceivers shortens their life span. Follow
the removal procedure carefully to avoid damaging the transceiver or the appliance.
Caution: Do not install the transceivers with the cables attached. Doing so can damage
the cable, the connector, or the optical interface of the transceiver.
92
Installing and Removing XFP and 10G SFP+ Transceivers
To install an XFP/10G SFP+ transceiver
1. Remove the XFP/10G SFP+ transceiver carefully from its box.
Danger: Do not look directly into fiber optic transceivers and cables. They emit laser
beams that can damage your eyes.
2. Align the XFP/10G SFP+ transceiver to the front of the XFP/10G SFP+ transceiver port
on the front panel of the appliance.
3. Hold the XFP/10G SFP+ transceiver between your thumb and index finger and insert it
into the XFP/10G SFP+ transceiver port, pressing it in until you hear the transceiver
snap into place.
4. Move the locking hinge to the DOWN position as shown in the following figure.
Figure 1. Locking an XFP transceiver
5. Verify that the LED is green and blinks twice, which indicates that the transceiver is
functioning correctly.
6. Do not remove the dust caps attached to the transceiver and cable until you are ready
to insert the cable.
93
Installing and Removing XFP and 10G SFP+ Transceivers
To remove an XFP/10G SFP+ transceiver
1. Disconnect the cable from the XFP/10G SFP+ transceiver. Replace the dust cap on the
cable before putting it away.
Danger: Do not look directly into fiber optic transceivers or cables. They emit laser
beams that can damage your eyes.
2. Unlock the XFP/10G SFP+ transceiver by moving the locking hinge to the UP position.
3. Hold the XFP/10G SFP+ transceiver between your thumb and index finger and slowly
pull it out of the port.
4. Replace the dust cap on the transceiver before putting it away.
5. Put the XFP/10G SFP+ transceiver into its original box or another appropriate container.
94
Connecting the Cables
When the appliance is securely mounted on the rack, you are ready to connect the cables.
Ethernet cables and the optional console cable are connected first. Connect the power
cable last.
Danger: Before installing or repairing the appliance, remove all jewelry and other metal
objects that might come in contact with power sources or wires. When you touch both a
live power source or wire and ground, any metal objects can heat up rapidly and cause
burns, set clothing on fire, or fuse the metal object to an exposed terminal.
Connecting the Ethernet Cables
Ethernet cables connect your appliance to the network. The type of cable you need
depends on the type of port used to connect to the network. Use a category 5e or category
6 Ethernet cable with a standard RJ-45 connector on a 10/100/1000BASE-T port or 1G SFP
copper transceiver. Use a fiber optic cable with an LC duplex connector with a 1G SFP fiber
transceiver, 10G SFP+, or XFP transceiver. The type of connector at the other end of the
fiber optic cable depends on the port of the device that you are connecting to.
To connect an Ethernet cable to a 10/100/1000BASE-T port or
1G SFP copper transceiver
1. Insert the RJ-45 connector on one end of your Ethernet cable into an appropriate port
on the front panel of the appliance, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 1. Inserting an Ethernet cable
2. Insert the RJ-45 connector on the other end into the target device, such as a router or
switch.
3. Verify that the LED glows amber when the connection is established.
95
Connecting the Cables
To connect the Ethernet cable to a 1G SFP fiber, 10G SFP+,
or XFP transceiver
1. Remove the dust caps from the transceiver and cable.
2. Insert the LC connector on one end of the fiber optic cable into the appropriate port on
the front panel of the appliance.
3. Insert the connector on the other end into the target device, such as a router or switch.
4. Verify that the LED glows amber when the connection is established.
Connecting the Console Cable
You can use the console cable to connect your appliance to a computer or terminal, from
which you can configure the appliance. Alternatively, you can use a computer connected to
the network. Before connecting the console cable, configure the computer or terminal to
support VT100 terminal emulation, 9600 baud, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit, parity, and flow
control set to NONE. Then connect one end of the console cable to the RS232 serial port on
the appliance and the other end to the computer or terminal.
To connect the console cable to a computer or terminal
1. Insert the DB-9 connector at the end of the cable into the console port that is located
on the front panel of the appliance, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 2. Inserting a console cable
Note: To use a cable with an RJ-45 converter, insert the optional converter provided
into the console port and attach the cable to it.
2. Insert the RJ-45 connector at the other end of the cable into the serial port of the
computer or terminal.
Connecting the Power Cable
An MPX 5500, MPX 5550/5650, MPX 7500/9500, MPX 8200/8400/8600/8800, and 7000
appliance has one power cable. All the other appliances come with two power cables, but
they can also operate if only one power cable is connected, except the MPX
22040/22060/22080/22100/22120 which comes with four power cables and requires two
power cables for proper operation. A separate ground cable is not required, because the
three-prong plug provides grounding.
96
Connecting the Cables
To connect the appliance to the power source
1. Connect one end of the power cable to the power outlet on the back panel of the
appliance, next to the power supply, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 3. Inserting a power
cable
2. Connect the other end of the power cable to a standard 110V/220V power outlet.
3. If a second power supply is provided, repeat steps 1 and 2 to connect the second power
supply.
Note: The 9010 FIPS, 12000-10G, MPX 9700/10500/12500/15500, MPX
11500/13500/14500/16500/18500/20500, MPX 11515/11520/11530/11540/11542,
MPX 17500/19500/21500, and MPX 17550/19550/20550/21550 appliances emit a
high-pitched alert if one power supply fails or if you connect only one power cable to
the appliance. To silence the alarm, you can press the small red button located on
the back panel of the appliance.
97
Switching on the Appliance
After you have installed the appliance in a rack and connected the cables, verify that the
power cable is properly connected. If you have installed a second power supply, make sure
the second cable is connected to an outlet for a different circuit than the first. After
verifying the connections, you are ready to switch on the appliance.
To switch on the appliance
1. Verify that the appliance is connected through a console or Ethernet port. This will
ensure that you can configure the appliance after it is switched on.
2. Press the ON/OFF toggle power switch on the back panel of the appliance.
Figure 1. Power
switch on back
panel
3. Verify that the LCD on the front panel is backlit and the start message appears, as
shown in the following figure.
Figure 2. LCD startup screen
Caution: Be aware of the location of the emergency power off (EPO) switch, so that if an
electrical accident occurs you can quickly remove power from the appliance.
98
Initial Configuration
After you have installed your appliance in a rack, you are ready to perform the initial
configuration. Once initial configuration is complete, refer to the specific configuration
guides for the features you will be using.
Initial configuration is the same for the multifunction Citrix NetScaler, the dedicated Access
Gateway Enterprise Edition, and the dedicated Citrix® Application Firewall™ appliances. To
perform the initial configuration on the MPX 5500, MPX 5550/5650, MPX 7500/9500, MPX
8200/8400/8600/8800, MPX 9700/10500/12500/15500, MPX
11500/13500/14500/16500/18500/20500, MPX 11515/11520/11530/11540/11542, MPX
17500/19500/21500, MPX 17550/19550/20550/21550, and MPX
22040/22060/22080/22100/22120 appliances, you can also use the LCD keypad on the front
panel of the appliance. To perform the initial configuration, you can use the serial console
or the setup wizard. You can access the setup wizard from any computer that is on the
same network as the new NetScaler appliance. However, because this method uses the
NetScaler default IP address, you must install and configure one NetScaler appliance at a
time. If you want to configure a new appliance from a remote network, or if you want to
install multiple NetScaler appliances and then configure them without using the console
port, you can use Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) to assign each new appliance
an IP address at which you can access the appliance for remote configuration.
For initial configuration, use nsroot as both the administrative user name and the password.
For subsequent access, use the password assigned during initial configuration.
After you complete the initial configuration of the appliance, you can configure secure
access to your appliance. As a result, you are no longer prompted for a password when
logging on. This is especially helpful in environments for which you would otherwise have to
keep track of a large number of passwords.
99
Using the LCD Keypad
Note: The following section is applicable to MPX 5500, MPX 5550/5650, MPX 7500/9500,
MPX 8200/8400/8600/8800, MPX 9700/10500/12500/15500, MPX
11500/13500/14500/16500/18500/20500, MPX 11515/11520/11530/11540/11542, MPX
17500/19500/21500, MPX 17550/19550/20550/21550, and MPX
22040/22060/22080/22100/22120 appliances only.
When you first install the appliance, you can configure the initial settings by using the LCD
keypad on the front panel of the appliance. The keypad interacts with the LCD display
module, which is also on the front panel of these appliances.
Note: You can use the LCD keypad for initial configuration on a new appliance with the
default configuration. The configuration file (ns.conf) should contain the following
command and default values.
set ns config -IPAddress 192.168.100.1 -netmask 255.255.0.0
The functions of the different keys are explained in the following table.
Table 1. LCD Key Functions
Key
Function
<
Moves the cursor one digit to the left.
>
Moves the cursor one digit to the right.
^
Increments the digit under the cursor.
v
Decrements the digit under the cursor.
.
Processes the information, or terminates the configuration, if none of
the values are changed. This key is also known as the ENTER key.
To perform the initial configuration by using the LCD keypad press the "<" key.
You are prompted to enter the subnet mask, NetScaler IP address (NSIP), and gateway in
that order respectively. The subnet mask is associated with both the NSIP and default
gateway IP address. The NSIP is the IPv4 address of the NetScaler appliance. The default
gateway is the IPv4 address for the router, which will handle external IP traffic that the
NetScaler cannot otherwise route. The NSIP and the default gateway should be on the same
subnet.
If you enter a valid value for the subnet mask, such as 255.255.255.224, you are prompted
to enter the IP address. Similarly, if you enter a valid value for the IP address, you are
prompted to enter the gateway address. If the value you entered is invalid, the following
error message appears for three seconds, where xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx is the IP address you
entered, followed by a request to re-enter the value.
Invalid addr!
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
100
Using the LCD Keypad
If you press the ENTER (.) key without changing any of the digits, the software interprets
this as a user exit request. The following message will be displayed for three seconds.
Exiting menu...
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
If all the values entered are valid, when you press the ENTER key, the following message
appears.
Values accepted,
Rebooting...
The subnet mask, NSIP, and gateway values are saved in the configuration file.
Note: For information about deploying a high availability (HA) pair, see "Configuring High
Availability."
101
Using the NetScaler Serial Console
When you first install the appliance, you can configure the initial settings by using the serial
console. With the serial console, you can change the system IP address, create a subnet or
mapped IP address, configure advanced network settings, and change the time zone.
Note: To locate the serial console port on your appliance, see "RS232 Serial Console Port"
in "Ports."
102
Using the NetScaler Serial Console
To configure initial settings by using a serial console
1. Connect the console cable into your appliance. For more information, see "Connecting
the Console Cable" in "Connecting the Cables."
2. Run the vt100 terminal emulation program of your choice on your computer to connect
to the appliance and configure the following settings: 9600 baud, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit,
parity, and flow control set to NONE.
3. Press ENTER. The terminal screen displays the Logon prompt.
Note: You might have to press ENTER two or three times, depending on which
terminal program you are using.
4. Log on to the appliance with the administrator credentials. Your sales representative or
Citrix Customer Service can provide you with the administrator credentials.
5. At the prompt, type config ns to run the NetScaler configuration script.
6. To complete the initial configuration of your appliance, follow the prompts.
Note: To prevent an attacker from breaching your ability to send packets to the
appliance, choose a non-routable IP address on your organization's LAN as your
appliance IP address.
You can replace steps 5 and 6 with the following NetScaler commands. At the NetScaler
command prompt, type:
set ns config -ipaddress<IPAddress> -netmask<subnetMask>
add ns ip<IPAddress> <subnetMask> -type<type>
add route<network> <netmask> <gateway>
set system user <userName> -password
save ns config
reboot
Example
set ns config -ipaddress 10.102.29.60 -netmask 255.255.255.0
add ns ip 10.102.29.61 255.255.255.0 -type snip
add route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 10.102.29.1
set system user nsroot -password
Enter password: *****
Confirm password: *****
save ns config
reboot
You have now completed initial configuration of your appliance. To continue configuring
the appliance, choose one of the following options:
103
Using the NetScaler Serial Console
Citrix NetScaler.
If you are configuring your appliance as a standard NetScaler with other licensed
features, see "Load Balancing."
Citrix® Application Firewall™.
If you are configuring your appliance as a standalone application firewall, see
"Application Firewall."
Access Gateway.
If you are configuring your appliance as an Access Gateway, see "Access Gateway 9.3,
Enterprise Edition."
Note: For information about deploying a high availability (HA) pair, see "Configuring
High Availability."
104
Using the Setup Wizard
To configure the appliance by using the Setup Wizard in the configuration utility, you need
an administrative computer configured on the same network as the appliance. To run the
configuration utility, the Java RunTime Environment (JRE) version 1.4.2_04 or later must be
installed on the workstation or laptop. You can use the Setup Wizard to configure the
following initial settings on the appliance:
•
System IP address and subnet mask
•
Subnet or Mapped IP address and subnet mask
•
Host name
•
Default gateway
•
Time zone
•
Licenses
•
Administrator password
Important: Before running the Setup Wizard, you should download your licenses from the
Citrix Web site and put them in a location on your computer or another device where you
can access them from your Web browser during configuration.
Note: If the appliance is configured with the default IP address, licenses are not installed
on the appliance, or the mapped or subnet IP address is not configured, the configuration
utility automatically opens the Setup Wizard when you log on to the appliance.
105
Using the Setup Wizard
To configure initial settings by using the Setup Wizard
1. In a Web browser, type: http://192.168.100.1
Note: The NetScaler software is preconfigured with a default IP address and
associated netmask. The default IP address is 192.168.100.1 and the default netmask
is 255.255.0.0.
2. In User Name and Password, type the administrator credentials. You can obtain the
initial user name and password from your sales representative or from Citrix Customer
Service.
3. In Start in, select Configuration, and then click Login.
4. In the Setup Wizard, click Next, and then follow the instructions in the wizard.
Note: To prevent an attacker from breaching your ability to send packets to the
appliance, choose a non-routable IP address on your organization's LAN as your
appliance IP address.
You have now completed initial configuration of your appliance. To continue
configuring the appliance, choose one of the following options:
Citrix NetScaler.
If you are configuring your appliance as a standard NetScaler with other licensed
features, see "Load Balancing."
Citrix® Application Firewall™.
If you are configuring your appliance as a standalone application firewall, see
"Application Firewall."
Access Gateway.
If you are configuring your appliance as an Access Gateway, see "Access Gateway 9.3,
Enterprise Edition."
Note: For information about deploying a high availability (HA) pair, see "Configuring
High Availability."
106
Using DHCP for Initial Access
Note: The terms NetScaler, NetScaler appliance, and appliance are used interchangeably.
For initial configuration of a NetScaler appliance, Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
(DHCP) can eliminate dependency on the console by providing a subnet IP (SNIP) address at
which you can access the appliance to configure it remotely. You can also use DHCP after
initial configuration if, for example, you want to move a NetScaler to a different subnet.
To use DHCP, you must first specify the NetScaler vendor class identifier on a DHCP server.
Optionally, you can also specify the pool of IP addresses from which your NetScaler
appliance can acquire an IP address. If a pool is not specified, the address is acquired from
the general pool.
A new NetScaler appliance does not have a configuration file. When you connect an
appliance without a configuration file to the network, its DHCP client automatically polls
the DHCP server for an IP address. If you have specified the NetScaler vendor class
identifier on the DHCP server, the server returns an address. You can also enable the DHCP
client on a previously configured appliance.
Prerequisites
To use DHCP, you must:
1. Note the system ID (sysid) on the serial number sticker on the back panel of the
appliance. On an older appliance, the system ID may not be available. In this case, use
the MAC address instead of the system ID.
2. Set up a DHCP server and configure it with the NetScaler vendor class identifier.
107
Using DHCP for Initial Access
To configure a Linux/UNIX DHCP server for the
NetScaler appliance
1. Specify "citrix-NS" as the vendor class identifier for the NetScaler appliance by adding
the following configuration to the server's dhcpd.conf file. The subclass declaration
must be inside the subnet declaration.
option space auto;
option auto.key code 1 = text;
class "citrix-1" {
match option vendor-class-identifier;
}
subclass "citrix-1" "citrix-NS"{
vendor-option-space auto;
option auto.key "citrix-NS";
Note: The location of the dhcpd.conf file can be different in different versions and
flavors of the Linux/UNIX-based operating system (for example, in FreeBSD 6.3 the
file is present in the /etc/ folder). For the location, see the dhcpd man page of the
DHCP server.
2. If you do not want NetScaler appliances to use IP addresses from the general pool,
specify a pool of addresses for the appliance. You must include this pool declaration
inside the subnet declaration. For example, adding the following configuration to the
dhcpd.conf file specifies a pool of IP addresses ranging from 192.168.2.120 to
192.168.2.127.
pool {
allow members of "citrix-1";
range 192.168.2.120 192.168.2.127;
option subnet-mask 255.255.255.0;
}
3. Terminate the DHCP process and restart it to reflect the change to the configuration
file. At the shell prompt, type:
killall dhcpd
dhcpd&
Sample DHCP configuration (dhcpd.conf)
option space auto;
option auto.key code 1 = text;
class "citrix-1" {
match option vendor-class-identifier;
}
subnet 192.168.2.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 {
108
Using DHCP for Initial Access
option routers10.217.242.1;
option domain-name"jeffbr.local";
option domain-name-servers8.8.8.8;
default-lease-time 21600;
max-lease-time 43200;
subclass "citrix-1" "citrix-NS" {
vendor-option-space auto;
option auto.key "citrix-NS";
}
pool {
allow members of "citrix-1";
range 192.168.2.120 192.168.2.127;
option subnet-mask 255.255.255.0;
}
}
Implementing an Initial NetScaler Configuration from a
Remote Computer
When a new NetScaler appliance (or any appliance that does not have a configuration file)
starts, it automatically polls the DHCP server for an IP address and provides the DHCP
server with its sysid. The DHCP server selects one IP address from its pool and assigns it as a
subnet IP (SNIP) address to the appliance. The DHCP server includes the sysid of the
appliance and the IP address that it assigns to the appliance in the server's dhcpd.leases
file. To find the IP address currently assigned to your appliance, look in the dhcpd.leases
file for the last entry with the sysid of your appliance in the uid or client-hostname field.
Verify that the binding state in this entry is active. If the binding state is not active but
free, the IP address is not yet associated with the appliance.
You can use this address to connect to the appliance and remotely configure the initial
settings. For example, you can change the IP address, subnet mask, and gateway settings
that were fetched from the DHCP server. After completing the initial configuration, you can
manually return the DHCP IP address to the server pool. Alternatively, restarting the
appliance automatically releases the DHCP IP address back to the server pool.
You can find out the SNIP address assigned to the appliance from the NetScaler console or
from the DHCP server.
To find the SNIP address from the NetScaler console
At the console prompt, type:
> sh dhcpParams
DHCP Client on next reboot is ON
DHCP Client Current State: Active
DHCP Client Default route save: OFF
DHCP acquired IP:192.168.2.127
DHCP acquired Netmask:255.255.255.0
DHCP acquired Gateway:192.168.2.1
109
Using DHCP for Initial Access
Done
To find the SNIP address from the DHCP server
Look in the dhcpd.leases file for the last entry with the sysid of your appliance in the uid or
client-hostname field.
Example: The following entry in a DHCP server's dhcpd.leases file verifies the binding state
of the appliance whose sysid is 45eae1a8157e89b9314f.
lease 192.168.2.127 {
starts 3 2013/08/19 00:40:37;
ends 3 2013/08/19 06:40:37;
cltt 3 2013/08/19 00:40:37;
binding state active;
next binding state free;
hardware ethernet 00:d0:68:11:f4:d6;
uid "45eae1a8157e89b9314f";
client-hostname "45eae1a8157e89b9314f";
In the above example, the binding state is ACTIVE and the IP address assigned to the
appliance is 192.168.2.127.
The following table describes DHCP-related CLI commands that you might want to use when
configuring a new NetScaler appliance.
Table 1. NetScaler CLI commands for using DHCP with a new NetScaler Appliance
110
Task
At the NetScaler command prompt, type:
To verify the DHCP fetched details, such as
IP address, subnet mask, and gateway on
the appliance
> sh dhcpParams
To release the DHCP IP address and return
it to the IP address pool on the DHCP
server when the NetScaler configuration is
complete
> release dhcpIP
Using DHCP for Initial Access
Using DHCP When a Configuration File is Present
If you need to move a NetScaler appliance to a different subnet, such as from a testing
environment to a production environment, you can use DHCP to access an appliance that
already has a configuration file. Before moving the appliance, enable its DHCP client and
save the configuration. As a result, when the appliance restarts, it automatically polls the
DHCP server for an IP address. If you did not enable the DHCP client and save the
configuration before shutting down the appliance, you will need to connect to the
appliance through the console and dynamically run the DHCP client on the appliance. The
DHCP server will then provide an IP address, a gateway, and a subnet mask. You can use the
IP address to access the appliance and configure the other settings remotely.
If the DHCP client is enabled in the configuration file, you should disable it and then save
the configuration file. If the DHCP client is enabled, the appliance will poll the DHCP server
again for an IP address when it restarts.
The following table lists the NetScaler CLI commands associated with each task.
Table 2. NetScaler CLI commands for using DHCP with a previously configured NetScaler
Appliance
Task
At the NetScaler command prompt, type:
To dynamically run the DHCP client to
fetch an IP address from the DHCP server
> set dhcpParams dhcpClient on
To configure the DHCP client to run when
the appliance restarts
> set dhcpParams dhcpClient on
> save config
To prevent the DHCP client from running
when the appliance restarts
> set dhcpParams dhcpClient off
> save config
Note: This is required only if the ON
setting was saved.
To save the DHCP acquired route so that it
is available when the appliance restarts
> set dhcpParams -dhcpclient on
-saveroute on
> save config
To prevent saving the DHCP acquired route
(default behavior)
> set dhcpParams -dhcpclient on
-saveroute off
> save config
Note: This is required only if the ON
setting was saved.
111
Accessing a NetScaler by Using SSH
Keys and No Password
If you administer a large number of NetScaler appliances, storing and looking up passwords
for logging on to individual appliances can be cumbersome. To avoid being prompted for
passwords, you can set up secure shell access with public key encryption on each appliance.
NetScaler features can also use SSH key based authentication for internal communication
when the internal user is disabled (by using the set ns config -internaluserlogin disabled
command). In such cases, the key name must be set as "ns_comm_key".
To set up access using SSH keys, you must generate the public-private key pair on a client
and copy the public key to the remote NetScaler appliance.
112
Accessing a NetScaler by Using SSH Keys and No Password
To generate the keys and connect to a remote
NetScaler by using SSH keys
1. On a client (Linux client or a NetScaler) change directory to /root/.ssh.
cd /root/.ssh
2. Generate the public-private key pair.
ssh-keygen -t <key_type> -f <optional_key_file_name>
Example: To create an RSA key with default file name.
ssh-keygen -t rsa
3. Press ENTER when prompted for a file name for the key pair.
4. Press ENTER two times when prompted for a passphrase.
Note: If the client is a NetScaler appliance, move the private key file to a persistent
location such as sub-directories of the /flash and /var directories.
5. Log on to the remote NetScaler appliance from the client by using a file transfer
protocol, and perform the following:
a. Change directory to /nsconfig/ssh. At the prompt, type:
cd /nsconfig/ssh
b. Use the binary transfer mode to copy the public key to this directory.
bin
put id_rsa.pub
6. Open a connection to the remote NetScaler appliance by using an SSH client, such as
PuTTY, and perform the following:
a. Log on to the remote appliance using the administrator credentials.
b. Go to the NetScaler shell.
> shell
c. At the shell prompt, change the directory to /nsconfig/ssh.
root@ns# cd /nsconfig/ssh
d. Append the public key to the authorized_keys file. At the shell prompt, type:
root@ns# cat id_rsa.pub >> authorized_keys
113
Accessing a NetScaler by Using SSH Keys and No Password
Note: If the authorized_keys file does not exist at the appliance, you need to
first create the file and then append the contents.
e. Change the permission of the /flash, nsconfig, and ssh directories to 755.
root@ns# chmod 755 /flash
root@ns# chmod 755 /flash/nsconfig
root@ns# chmod 755 /flash/nsconfig/ssh
f. Change the permission of the authorized_keys file to 744.
root@ns# chmod 744 authorized_keys
g. Optionally, remove the public key.
root@ns# rm id_rsa.pub
7. On the client, verify that you can connect to the remote NetScaler appliance by using
SSH, without entering the password.
If using the default file name for the public-private key pair.
ssh <user_name>@<NetScalerIPAddress>
If using "ns_comm_key" (when internal user is disabled) for the public-private key pair.
ssh –i /nsconfig/ssh/ns_comm_key <user_name>@<NetScalerIPAddress>
If using any other name for the public-private key pair.
ssh –i <path_to_client_private_key> <user_name>@<NetScalerIPAddress>
114
Changing the Administrative Password
The default user account is the administrative account, which provides complete access to
all features of the Citrix NetScaler appliance. Therefore, to preserve security, the
administrative account should be used only when necessary, and only individuals whose
duties require full access should know the password for the administrative account. The
default administrative username and password are nsroot and nsroot, respectively. Citrix
recommends changing the administrative password frequently.
To change the administrative password by using the
configuration utility
1. Log on to the appliance by using the administrative credentials.
2. On the Configuration tab, in the navigation pane, expand System, and then click Users.
3. In the Users pane, click the default user account (nsroot), and then click Change
Password.
4. In the Change Password dialog box, in Password and Confirm Password, type the
password of your choice.
5. Click OK.
To change the administrative password by using the
command line interface
At the command prompt, type:
set system user <userName> -password
Example:
set system user nsroot -password
Enter password: *****
Confirm password: *****
Done
115
Lights Out Management Port of the
NetScaler Appliance
The MPX 8200/8400/8600/8800, MPX 11500/13500/14500/16500/18500/20500, MPX
11515/11520/11530/11540/11542, MPX 17550/19550/20550/21550, and MPX
22040/22060/22080/22100/22120 appliances have an Intelligent Platform Management
Interface (IPMI), also known as the Lights out Management (LOM), port on the front panel of
the appliance. By using the LOM, you can remotely monitor and manage the appliance,
independently of the NetScaler software. You can remotely change the IP address, perform
different power operations, and obtain information of the appliance, such as health
monitoring information, MAC address, serial number, and properties of the host, by
connecting to the appliance through the LOM port.
By connecting the LOM port over a dedicated channel that is separate from the data
channel, you can make sure that connectivity to the appliance is maintained even if the
data network is down.
Caution: LOM firmware versions are platform specific. Upgrading to a LOM firmware
version other than one shown for your platform in the LOM Support Matrix, below, results
in the LOM becoming unusable.
The LOM Support Matrix shows the LOM firmware versions shipped with the various
platforms, along with the recommended versions, and the earliest NetScaler software
versions that support both the shipped and the recommended LOM firmware versions.
Hardware
Ships With Version
Recommended
Version
Minimum
NetScaler
Version to
avoid PS
failure issues
MPX 8005/8015/8200/8400/8600/8800
2.04/2.07/3.02/3.10/3.11
3.11
9.3_65.x,
10.1_123.x,
10.5
MPX
11500/13500/14500/16500/18500/20500
2.52/3.02/3.33/3.34
3.34
9.3_65.x,
10.1_123.x,
10.5
MPX 11515/11520/11530/11540/11542
2.52/3.02/3.33/3.34
3.34
9.3_65.x,
10.1_123.x,
10.5
MPX 17550/19550/20550/21550
2.52/3.02/3.33/3.34
3.34
9.3_65.x,
10.1_123.x,
10.5
MPX 22040/22060/22080/22100/22120
2.63/3.22
3.22
9.3_65.x,
10.1_123.x,
10.5
116
Lights Out Management Port of the NetScaler Appliance
MPX 24100/24150
2.63/3.22
3.22
9.3_65.x,
10.1_123.x,
10.5
Accessing the LOM Port by using a Web Browser
By using a web browser you can remotely log on to the LOM port to obtain information
about the appliance and perform different operations on the appliance.
To access the LOM by using a web browser
1. In a web browser, type the IP address of the LOM port. For initial configuration, type
the port’s default address: http://192.168.1.3
2. In the User Name box, type nsroot.
3. In the Password box, type nsroot.
Configuring the LOM Port
For initial configuration of the lights-out management (LOM) port, connect to the port's
default IP address and change it to the address that you want to use for remote monitoring
and management. Also specify the administrator credentials and the network settings.
Note: The LEDs on the LOM port are unoperational by design on all MPX platforms, except
MPX 22040/22060/22080/22100/22120.
To Configure the NetScaler LOM Port
1. Connect the NetScaler LOM port to a management workstation or network.
2. In a web browser, type: http://192.168.1.3.
Note: The NetScaler LOM port is preconfigured with the IP address 192.168.1.3 and
subnet mask 255.255.255.0.
3. In the User Name box, type nsroot.
4. In the Password box, type nsroot.
5. In the Configuration tab, click Network and type values for the following parameters:
•
IP Address—IP address of the LOM port.
•
Subnet Mask—Subnet mask used to define the subnet of the LOM port.
Default Gateway—IP address of the router that connects the LOM port to the
network.
6. Click Save.
•
117
Lights Out Management Port of the NetScaler Appliance
Power Cycling the Appliance
You can remotely turn off the appliance and turn it back on. The result is similar to pressing
the power button on the back panel of the appliance for less than four seconds. The
appliance's software performs a graceful shutdown. All operations on the appliance are
stopped, no new connections to the client or server are accepted, and all existing
connections are closed.
To power cycle the appliance
1. In a web browser, type the IP address of the LOM port.
2. In the User Name and Password boxes, type the administrator credentials.
3. In the Menu bar, click Remote Control.
4. Under Options, click Power Control, and then click Power Cycle System.
5. Click Perform Action.
Performing a Core Dump
If the appliance fails or becomes unresponsive, you can remotely perform a core dump. This
procedure has the same effect as pressing the NMI button on the back panel of the
appliance.
To perform a core dump
1. In a web browser, type the IP address of the LOM port.
2. In the User Name and Password boxes, type the administrator credentials.
3. In the Menu bar, click Remote Control.
4. Under Options, click NMI, and then click Initiate NMI.
Accessing the Appliance by using the Access
Console
The LOM port allows you to remotely access and manage the appliance by logging on to a
redirected console.
To access the appliance by using the access console
1. In a web browser, type the IP address of the LOM port.
2. In the User Name and Password boxes, type the administrator credentials.
3. In the Menu bar, click Remote Control.
118
Lights Out Management Port of the NetScaler Appliance
4. Under Options, click Console Redirection.
5. Click Launch Console, and then click Yes.
6. Type the administrator credentials for the appliance.
Obtaining Properties of the Host
After you log on to the appliance by using the access console, you can remotely manage the
appliance. At the console prompt, type sh nsip.
Obtaining Health Monitoring Information
You can log on to the LOM port to view the health information about the appliance. All
system sensor information, such as system temperature, CPU temperature, status of fan
and power supplies, appears on the sensor readings page.
To obtain health monitoring information
1. In a web browser, type the IP address of the LOM port.
2. In the User Name and Password boxes, type the administrator credentials.
3. In the Menu bar, click System Health.
4. Under Options, click Sensor Readings.
Obtaining the MAC Address and the Serial Number of
the Appliance
A Media Access Control address (MAC address) is a unique identifier assigned to network
interfaces for communications on the physical network segment.
To obtain the MAC address and the serial number of the appliance
1. In a web browser, type the IP address of the LOM port.
2. In the User Name and Password boxes, type the administrator credentials.
3. In the Menu bar, click Remote Control.
4. Under Options, click Console Redirection.
5. Click Launch Console, and then click Yes.
6. Type the administrator credentials for the appliance to log on.
7. Type show interface <management_interface_id> to obtain the MAC address.
8. Type show hardware to obtain the serial number of the appliance.
119
Lights Out Management Port of the NetScaler Appliance
Power Control Operations using the LOM Port
You can remotely perform different power control operations, such as restarting the
appliance, performing a graceful shutdown, and performing a forced shutdown, by using the
LOM port.
To perform power control operations
1. In a web browser, log on to the LOM port by using the administrator credentials.
2. In the Menu bar, click Remote Control.
3. Under Options, click Power Control, and then select one of the following options:
•
Reset System—Restart the appliance.
•
Power Off System – Immediate—Disconnect power to the appliance without
shutting down the appliance.
•
Power Off System – Orderly Shutdown—Shut down the appliance, and then
disconnect power to the appliance.
•
Power On System—Turn on the appliance.
•
Power Cycle System—Turn off the appliance, and then turn it back on.
4. Click Perform Action.
120
Migrating the Configuration of an Existing
NetScaler Appliance to Another NetScaler
Appliance
If you are migrating to a new appliance, you must make some changes to the configuration
(ns.conf file) of the old appliance before you copy the configuration to the new appliance.
Note: The following procedure does not apply to NetScaler FIPS appliances.
To migrate a configuration
1. On the old appliance, create a backup copy of the configuration file (ns.conf).
2. Use a vi editor to edit the configuration file that you backed up. For example, you
might want to change the user name, host name, and password.
Note: You must remove all interface-related configuration, such as set interface,
bind vlan, add channel, bind channel, and set channel.
3. Shut down the old appliance.
4. Perform initial configuration on the new appliance. Connect to the serial console, and
at the command prompt type config ns to run the NetScaler configuration script. Enter
parameter values, such as NetScaler IP address and subnet mask. For information about
performing initial configuration by using the configuration utility (GUI) or the LCD
keypad, see Initial Configuration.
5. Restart the new appliance.
6. Add a route on the new appliance. At the command prompt, type: add route <network>
<netmask> <gateway>
7. Copy the edited configuration file to the new appliance.
8. Copy other relevant files, such as bookmarks, SSL certificates, and CRLs, to the new
appliance. Return your feature license(s) to the Citrix licensing portal and reallocate it
on the new appliance. For more info about returning your licenses, see
http://support.citrix.com/article/CTX131110.
Note: The platform license is different for a new appliance.
9. Restart the new appliance.
10. Add interface-related configuration specific to your new appliance, switch, and router,
and save the configuration.
121
Migrating the Configuration of an Existing NetScaler Appliance to Another NetScaler Appliance
If you have a high-availability setup, you must perform the above procedure on both the
nodes.
122
Troubleshooting
I cannot access the NetScaler appliance after it is
restarted. The NetScaler IP address is not accessible
and does not respond to a ping request. What should I
do?
NetScaler MPX 8200/8400/8600/8800, MPX 11500/13500/14500/16500/18500/20500, MPX
11515/11520/11530/11540/11542, MPX 17550/19550/20550/21550, and MPX
22040/22060/22080/22100/22120 appliances support LOM. Depending on the state of the
LOM configuration, start with one of the steps in the following procedure. (To configure the
LOM port, see Lights Out Management Port of the NetScaler Appliance).
1. If the LOM port is configured and known to have been working previously, use the LOM
credentials to log on to the LOM GUI, and then do the following:
a. Navigate to Remote Control > Console Redirection, and then click Launch
Console.
b. On the Java iKVM Viewer screen, check the VGA console window for boot errors,
such as bad or missing boot media (boot drive/Compact Flash card), and reseat any
unconnected boot media. If the appliance boots up, try to log on and run the show
techsupport command from the NetScaler command line. Complete the Check
Network Interfaces steps listed below to find a working interface on which to
transfer the support bundle file.
c. Navigate to System Health > Sensor Readings to check the status of the hardware
components (for example, CPU temperature, system temperature, and power
supply status). You might need to scroll down. Green indicates that the hardware
component is functioning properly. Red indicates that it has failed. Contact Citrix
Support if you observe red indicators.
d. Navigate to Miscellaneous > Post Snooping and check for BIOS POST initialization
codes. If the value of Post Snooping is "00" or "AC," and the AC power supply LED
light is green, the BIOS booted up normally. If not, check the Java iKVM Viewer
screen to see if the appliance stopped responding during BIOS POST initialization.
Perform substeps a through f of Step 2 to recover the appliance. If these steps fail,
contact Citrix Support.
2. If the LOM port is configured and the LOM GUI is not accessible, try pinging the LOM IP
address. The baseboard management controller (BMC, also known as LOM) runs on
standby power, so even if the appliance is powered off by pressing the power button,
the BMC is still working. If you are unable to ping the LOM IP address, connect to the
COM1 console port through a serial cable (the serial cable can be connected to a
network serial terminal/console server for remote access), or try pinging the NetScaler
IP address. On the appliance, do the following:
a. Verify that the appliance is receiving power.
123
Troubleshooting
b. If the appliance is not receiving power, change the power cable and connect the
cable to another socket.
c. Verify that the power supply is properly seated in power supply slot.
d. Remove all AC power supply cords for 30 seconds to completely remove power from
the appliance.
e. Reinsert the AC power supply cords and check the LEDs indicating the status of the
AC power supplies. If a power-supply LED is not green, troubleshoot the power
supply.
f. Try pinging the LOM IP again. If successful, go to Step 1.
3. If the appliance does not support the LOM port or the LOM port is not configured, do
the following:
a. Connect the serial console cable to the appliance.
b. Perform the substeps a through e of Step 2.
c. On the serial console port window, check for any boot failure errors, such as bad or
missing boot media (boot drive/Compact Flash card), and reseat any unconnected
boot media. If the appliance boots up, try to log on and run the show techsupport
command from the NetScaler command line. Complete the Check Network
Interfaces steps listed below to find a working interface on which to transfer the
support bundle file.
Check Network Interfaces.
1. If management interface 0/1 is not operational, use the Java iKVM Viewer, as
described in Step 1.b, to set up management interface 0/2, and connect a network
cable to port 0/2. Use the serial console port for appliances that do not support the
LOM port.
2. Make sure that the LED port status indicators are green for all interfaces. For more
information about LED port status indicators, see "LED Port-Status Indicators" in
Ports.
3. Verify that the SFP/SFP+/XFP transceivers are supported by Citrix.
124
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising