IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and

IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and
IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380
Installation and User’s Guide
IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380
Installation and User’s Guide
Note: Before using this information and the product it supports, read the general information in Appendix B, “Notices,” on page 129,
and the IBM Safety Information, Environmental Notices and User Guide documents on the IBM Documentation CD, and the
Warranty Information document that comes with the server.
Sixth Edition (April 2011)
© Copyright IBM Corporation 2011.
US Government Users Restricted Rights – Use, duplication or disclosure restricted by GSA ADP Schedule Contract
with IBM Corp.
Contents
Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
Chapter 1. The System x3500 M3 server .
The IBM Documentation CD . . . . . .
Hardware and software requirements . .
Using the Documentation Browser . . .
Related documentation . . . . . . . .
Notices and statements in this document . .
Features and specifications . . . . . . .
What your server offers . . . . . . . .
Reliability, availability, and serviceability . .
IBM Systems Director . . . . . . . .
The UpdateXpress System Pack Installer .
Server controls, LEDs, and power . . . .
Front view . . . . . . . . . . .
Light path diagnostics panel . . . . .
Rear view . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power-supply LEDs . . . . . . . .
Server power features . . . . . . .
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2011
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Chapter 2. Installing optional devices. . . . . .
Instructions for IBM Business Partners . . . . . .
Server components . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System-board internal connectors . . . . . . .
System-board switches and jumpers . . . . . .
System-board LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . .
System-board external connectors . . . . . . .
SAS backplane connectors . . . . . . . . .
Operator information panel . . . . . . . . .
Light path diagnostics panel . . . . . . . . .
Installation guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . .
System reliability guidelines . . . . . . . . .
Working inside the server with the power on . . .
Handling static-sensitive devices . . . . . . .
Internal cable routing and connectors . . . . . .
Tape drive cable connection . . . . . . . . .
DVD drive cable connection . . . . . . . . .
Operator information panel cable connection . . .
Light path diagnostics LED panel cable connection
Hard disk drive cable connection . . . . . . .
Removing the left-side cover . . . . . . . . . .
Opening the bezel media door . . . . . . . . .
Removing the air baffle . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing the air baffle . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing the fan cage assembly . . . . . . . .
Opening the power-supply cage . . . . . . . .
Closing the power-supply cage . . . . . . . . .
Installing an adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing a DVD drive . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing a USB or SATA tape drive . . . . . . .
Installing a hot-swap hard disk drive . . . . . . .
Installing a memory module . . . . . . . . . .
Independent channel mode . . . . . . . . .
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iii
Memory-mirroring mode . . . . . . . . .
Memory sparing . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing an optional ServeRAID adapter advanced
Installing a USB embedded hypervisor flash device
Installing a second microprocessor . . . . . .
Installing a redundant power supply and fans . .
Completing the installation . . . . . . . . .
Connecting the cables . . . . . . . . . .
Updating the server configuration. . . . . .
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. 90
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. 106
Chapter 3. Configuring the server. . . . . . . . . . .
Using the Setup utility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting the Setup utility . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setup utility menu choices . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the Boot Selection Menu program . . . . . . . . .
Starting the backup server firmware . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD . . . . . .
ServerGuide features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setup and configuration overview. . . . . . . . . . .
Typical operating-system installation. . . . . . . . . .
Installing your operating system without using ServerGuide .
Using the integrated management module . . . . . . . .
Using the embedded hypervisor . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the remote presence capability and blue-screen capture .
Obtaining the IP address for the Web interface access . . .
Logging on to the Web interface . . . . . . . . . . .
Enabling the Broadcom Gigabit Ethernet Utility program . . .
Configuring the Gigabit Ethernet controller . . . . . . . .
Using the LSI Configuration Utility program . . . . . . . .
Starting the LSI Configuration Utility program . . . . . .
Formatting a hard disk drive . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating a RAID array of hard disk drives . . . . . . .
IBM Advanced Settings Utility program. . . . . . . . . .
Updating IBM Systems Director . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Appendix A. Getting help and technical assistance .
Before you call . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the documentation . . . . . . . . . . . .
Getting help and information from the World Wide Web
Software service and support . . . . . . . . . .
Hardware service and support . . . . . . . . . .
IBM Taiwan product service . . . . . . . . . . .
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Appendix B. Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trademarks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Important notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Particulate contamination. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Documentation format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic emission notices . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) statement .
Industry Canada Class A emission compliance statement .
Avis de conformité à la réglementation d'Industrie Canada
Australia and New Zealand Class A statement . . . . .
European Union EMC Directive conformance statement .
Germany Class A statement . . . . . . . . . . .
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IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
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VCCI Class A statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Japan Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA)
statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Korean Class A warning statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Russia Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Class A statement . . . . . .
People's Republic of China Class A electronic emission statement . . . .
Taiwan Class A compliance statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
Contents
v
vi
IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
Safety
Before installing this product, read the Safety Information.
Antes de instalar este produto, leia as Informações de Segurança.
Pred instalací tohoto produktu si prectete prírucku bezpecnostních instrukcí.
Læs sikkerhedsforskrifterne, før du installerer dette produkt.
Lees voordat u dit product installeert eerst de veiligheidsvoorschriften.
Ennen kuin asennat tämän tuotteen, lue turvaohjeet kohdasta Safety Information.
Avant d'installer ce produit, lisez les consignes de sécurité.
Vor der Installation dieses Produkts die Sicherheitshinweise lesen.
Prima di installare questo prodotto, leggere le Informazioni sulla Sicurezza.
Les sikkerhetsinformasjonen (Safety Information) før du installerer dette produktet.
Antes de instalar este produto, leia as Informações sobre Segurança.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2011
vii
Antes de instalar este producto, lea la información de seguridad.
Läs säkerhetsinformationen innan du installerar den här produkten.
Important:
Each caution and danger statement in this document is labeled with a number. This
number is used to cross reference an English-language caution or danger
statement with translated versions of the caution or danger statement in the IBM
Safety Information document.
For example, if a caution statement is labeled “Statement 1,” translations for that
caution statement are in the Safety Information document under “Statement 1.”
Be sure to read all caution and danger statements in this document before you
perform the procedures. Read any additional safety information that comes with the
server or optional device before you install the device.
viii
IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
Statement 1:
DANGER
Electrical current from power, telephone, and communication cables is
hazardous.
To avoid a shock hazard:
v Do not connect or disconnect any cables or perform installation,
maintenance, or reconfiguration of this product during an electrical
storm.
v Connect all power cords to a properly wired and grounded electrical
outlet.
v Connect to properly wired outlets any equipment that will be attached to
this product.
v When possible, use one hand only to connect or disconnect signal
cables.
v Never turn on any equipment when there is evidence of fire, water, or
structural damage.
v Disconnect the attached power cords, telecommunications systems,
networks, and modems before you open the device covers, unless
instructed otherwise in the installation and configuration procedures.
v Connect and disconnect cables as described in the following table when
installing, moving, or opening covers on this product or attached
devices.
To Connect:
To Disconnect:
1. Turn everything OFF.
1. Turn everything OFF.
2. First, attach all cables to devices.
2. First, remove power cords from outlet.
3. Attach signal cables to connectors.
3. Remove signal cables from connectors.
4. Attach power cords to outlet.
4. Remove all cables from devices.
5. Turn device ON.
Safety
ix
Statement 2:
CAUTION:
When replacing the lithium battery, use only IBM Part Number 33F8354 or an
equivalent type battery recommended by the manufacturer. If your system has
a module containing a lithium battery, replace it only with the same module
type made by the same manufacturer. The battery contains lithium and can
explode if not properly used, handled, or disposed of.
Do not:
v Throw or immerse into water
v Heat to more than 100°C (212°F)
v Repair or disassemble
Dispose of the battery as required by local ordinances or regulations.
x
IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
Statement 3:
CAUTION:
When laser products (such as CD-ROMs, DVD drives, fiber optic devices, or
transmitters) are installed, note the following:
v Do not remove the covers. Removing the covers of the laser product could
result in exposure to hazardous laser radiation. There are no serviceable
parts inside the device.
v Use of controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than
those specified herein might result in hazardous radiation exposure.
DANGER
Some laser products contain an embedded Class 3A or Class 3B laser
diode. Note the following.
Laser radiation when open. Do not stare into the beam, do not view directly
with optical instruments, and avoid direct exposure to the beam.
Class 1 Laser Product
Laser Klasse 1
Laser Klass 1
Luokan 1 Laserlaite
Appareil A` Laser de Classe 1
Safety
xi
Statement 4:
≥ 18 kg (39.7 lb)
≥ 32 kg (70.5 lb)
≥ 55 kg (121.2 lb)
CAUTION:
Use safe practices when lifting.
Statement 5:
CAUTION:
The power control button on the device and the power switch on the power
supply do not turn off the electrical current supplied to the device. The device
also might have more than one power cord. To remove all electrical current
from the device, ensure that all power cords are disconnected from the power
source.
2
1
xii
IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
Statement 8:
CAUTION:
Never remove the cover on a power supply or any part that has the following
label attached.
Hazardous voltage, current, and energy levels are present inside any
component that has this label attached. There are no serviceable parts inside
these components. If you suspect a problem with one of these parts, contact
a service technician.
Statement 11:
CAUTION:
The following label indicates sharp edges, corners, or joints nearby.
Statement 12:
CAUTION:
The following label indicates a hot surface nearby.
Statement 13:
Safety
xiii
DANGER
Overloading a branch circuit is potentially a fire hazard and a shock hazard
under certain conditions. To avoid these hazards, ensure that your system
electrical requirements do not exceed branch circuit protection
requirements. Refer to the information that is provided with your device for
electrical specifications.
Statement 15:
CAUTION:
Make sure that the rack is secured properly to avoid tipping when the server
unit is extended.
Statement 17:
CAUTION:
The following label indicates moving parts nearby.
Statement 26:
CAUTION:
Do not place any object on top of rack-mounted devices.
Attention: This product is suitable for use on an IT power distribution system
whose maximum phase to phase voltage is 240 V under any distribution fault
condition.
xiv
IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
Chapter 1. The System x3500 M3 server
This Installation and User's Guide contains instructions for setting up your IBM
System x3500 M3 Type 7380 server, instructions for installing optional devices, and
instructions for starting and configuring the server. For diagnostic and
troubleshooting information, see the Problem Determination and Service Guide that
is on the IBM Documentation CD.
The IBM® System x3500 M3 Type 7380 server is a 5U1-high high performance
server. It can be upgraded to a symmetric multiprocessing (SMP) server through a
microprocessor upgrade. It is ideally suited for networking environments that require
superior microprocessor performance, efficient memory management, flexibility, and
large amounts of reliable data storage.
Performance, ease of use, reliability, and expansion capabilities were key
considerations in the design of the server. These design features make it possible
for you to customize the system hardware to meet your needs today and provide
flexible expansion capabilities for the future.
The server comes with a limited warranty. For information about the terms of the
warranty and getting service and assistance, see the Warranty Information that
comes with the server.
The server contains IBM Enterprise X-Architecture technologies, which help
increase performance and reliability. For more information, see “What your server
offers” on page 8 and “Reliability, availability, and serviceability” on page 11.
You can obtain up-to-date information about the server and other IBM server
products at http://www.ibm.com/systems/x/. At http://www.ibm.com/support/
mysupport/, you can create a personalized support page by identifying IBM
products that are of interest to you. From this personalized page, you can subscribe
to weekly e-mail notifications about new technical documents, search for information
and downloads, and access various administrative services.
If you participate in the IBM client reference program, you can share information
about your use of technology, best practices, and innovative solutions; build a
professional network; and gain visibility for your business. For more information
about the IBM client reference program, see http://www.ibm.com/ibm/
clientreference/.
If firmware and documentation updates are available, you can download them from
the IBM Web site. The server might have features that are not described in the
documentation that comes with the server, and the documentation might be updated
occasionally to include information about those features, or technical updates might
be available to provide additional information that is not included in the server
documentation. To check for updates, complete the following steps.
Note: Changes are made periodically to the IBM Web site. Procedures for locating
firmware and documentation might vary slightly from what is described in this
document.
1. Go to http://www.ibm.com/systems/support/.
1. Racks are measured in vertical increments of 4.45 cm (1.75 inches) each. Each increment is called a "U." A 1-U-high device is
1.75 inches tall.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2011
1
2. Under Product support, click System x.
3. Under Popular links, click Software and device drivers for firmware updates,
or click Publications lookup for documentation updates.
Record information about the server in the following table. You will need this
information when you register the server with IBM.
Product name
Machine type
Model number
Serial number
Key serial number
Key manufacturer
Key phone number
IBM System x3500 M3
7380
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
The model number and serial number are on labels on the bottom of the server and
on the front, visible through the bezel, as shown in the following illustration.
Important: The server keys cannot be duplicated by a locksmith. If you lose them,
order replacement keys from the key manufacturer. The telephone number of the
manufacturer is on the keys.
For a list of supported optional devices for the server, see http://www.ibm.com/
servers/eserver/serverproven/compat/us/.
2
IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
The IBM Documentation CD
The IBM Documentation CD contains documentation for your server in Portable
Document Format (PDF) and includes the IBM Documentation Browser to help you
find information quickly.
Hardware and software requirements
The IBM Documentation CD requires the following minimum hardware and
software:
v Microsoft Windows XP, Windows 2000, or Red Hat Linux
v 100 MHz microprocessor
v 32 MB of RAM
v Adobe Acrobat Reader 3.0 (or later) or xpdf, which comes with Linux operating
systems
Using the Documentation Browser
Use the Documentation Browser to browse the contents of the CD, read brief
descriptions of the documents, and view documents, using Adobe Acrobat Reader
or xpdf. The Documentation Browser automatically detects the regional settings in
use in your server and displays the documents in the language for that region (if
available). If a document is not available in the language for that region, the
English-language version is displayed.
Use one of the following procedures to start the Documentation Browser:
v If Autostart is enabled, insert the CD into the CD or DVD drive. The
Documentation Browser starts automatically.
v If Autostart is disabled or is not enabled for all users, use one of the following
procedures:
– If you are using a Windows operating system, insert the CD into the CD or
DVD drive and click Start --> Run. In the Open field, type
e:\win32.bat
where e is the drive letter of the CD or DVD drive, and click OK.
– If you are using Red Hat Linux, insert the CD into the CD or DVD drive; then,
run the following command from the /mnt/cdrom directory:
sh runlinux.sh
Select your server from the Product menu. The Available Topics list displays all
the documents for your server. Some documents might be in folders. A plus sign (+)
indicates each folder or document that has additional documents under it. Click the
plus sign to display the additional documents.
When you select a document, a description of the document appears under Topic
Description. To select more than one document, press and hold the Ctrl key while
you select the documents. Click View Book to view the selected document or
documents in Acrobat Reader or xpdf. If you selected more than one document, all
the selected documents are opened in Acrobat Reader or xpdf.
To search all the documents, type a word or word string in the Search field and
click Search. The documents in which the word or word string appears are listed in
order of the most occurrences. Click a document to view it, and press Crtl+F to use
the Acrobat search function, or press Alt+F to use the xpdf search function within
the document.
Chapter 1. The System x3500 M3 server
3
Click Help for detailed information about using the Documentation Browser.
Related documentation
This Installation and User’s Guide contains general information about the server,
including how to set up, install supported optional devices, and how to configure the
server. The following documentation also comes with the server:
v Warranty Information
This is a document that comes with the server. It contains information about the
terms of the warranty and getting service and assistance.
v Safety Information
This document is in PDF on the IBM Documentation CD. It contains translated
caution and danger statements. Each caution and danger statement that appears
in the documentation has a number that you can use to locate the corresponding
statement in your language in the Safety Information document.
v Problem Determination and Service Guide
This document is in PDF on the IBM Documentation CD. It contains information
to help you solve problems yourself, and it contains information for service
technicians.
v Environmental Notices and User's Guide
This document is in PDF on the IBM Documentation CD. It contains translated
environmental notices.
v IBM License Agreement for Machine Code
This document is in PDF on the IBM Documentation CD. It provides translated
versions of the IBM License Agreement for Machine Code for your product.
v IBM MCP Linux License Information and Attributions
This document is in PDF on the IBM Documentation CD. It provides the
open-source notices.
Depending on the server model, additional documentation might be included on the
IBM System x Documentation CD.
The System x and xSeries Tools Center is an online information center that
contains information about tools for updating, managing, and deploying firmware,
device drivers, and operating systems. The System x and xSeries Tools Center is at
http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/toolsctr/v1r0/index.jsp.
The server might have features that are not described in the documentation that
comes with the server. The documentation might be updated occasionally to include
information about those features, or technical updates might be available to provide
additional information that is not included in the server documentation. These
updates are available from the IBM Web site. To check for updated documentation
and technical updates, complete the following steps.
Note: Changes are made periodically to the IBM Web site. The actual procedure
might vary slightly from what is described in this document.
1. Go to http://www.ibm.com/systems/support/.
2. Under Product support, click System x.
3. Under Popular links, click Publications lookup.
4. From the Product family menu, select System x3500 M3 and click Continue.
4
IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
Notices and statements in this document
The caution and danger statements that appear in this document are also in the
multilingual Safety Information document, which is on the IBM Documentation CD.
Each statement is numbered for reference to the corresponding statement in the
Safety Information document.
The following notices and statements are used in this document:
v Note: These notices provide important tips, guidance, or advice.
v Important: These notices provide information or advice that might help you avoid
inconvenient or problem situations.
v Attention: These notices indicate potential damage to programs, devices, or
data. An attention notice is placed just before the instruction or situation in which
damage might occur.
v Caution: These statements indicate situations that can be potentially hazardous
to you. A caution statement is placed just before the description of a potentially
hazardous procedure step or situation.
v Danger: These statements indicate situations that can be potentially lethal or
extremely hazardous to you. A danger statement is placed just before the
description of a potentially lethal or extremely hazardous procedure step or
situation.
Chapter 1. The System x3500 M3 server
5
Features and specifications
The following information is a summary of the features and specifications of the
server. Depending on the server model, some features might not be available, or
some specifications might not apply.
Table 1. Features and specifications
Microprocessor:
v Intel Xeon up to six-core with integrated
memory controller and Quick Path
Interconnect (QPI) architecture
v Designed for LGA 1366 socket
v Scalable up to twelve cores
v 32 KB instruction cache, 32 KB data
cache, and 4MB, 8 MB and 12MB
cache that is shared among the cores
v Support for up to two microprocessors,
second microprocessor with pluggable
VRM
v Support for Intel Extended Memory 64
Technology (EM64T)
Drives:
v SATA:
– DVD (standard)
– DVD/CD-RW (optional)
– Maximum of two devices can be
installed
v Diskette (optional): External USB 1.44
MB
v Supported hard disk drives:
– Serial Attached SCSI (SAS)
Expansion bays:
v Twenty-four 2.5-inch HDD bays (one
optical DVD drive)
Note:
– SAS expander card does not
Note:
support 3 GB RAID adapters.
v Do not install an Intel Xeon™ 5500
– When using ServeRAID adapter
series microprocessor and an Xeon™
M1015 to support more than
5600 series microprocessor in the same
sixteen 2.5-inch hard disk drives,
server.
the maximum number of RAID
v Use the Setup utility to determine the
supported drives is 16. All the other
type and speed of the microprocessors.
drives will remain JBOD (the drives
For a list of supported microprocessors,
are presented to the operating
see http://www.ibm.com/servers/eserver/
system without a RAID
serverproven/compat/us/
configuration).
– If the server is configured for RAID
.
operation using a ServeRAID
adapter, you might have to
Memory:
reconfigure your disk arrays after
v Sixteen DIMM connectors (eight per
you install drives. See the
microprocessor)
ServeRAID adapter documentation
v Minimum: 1 GB
for additional information about
Note: If you install a ServeRAID-M1015
RAID operation and complete
SAS/SATA adapter, make sure at least
instructions for using the
2 GB of memory is installed in the
ServeRAID adapter.
server before you run DSA from a
v Eight 3.5-inch HDD bays (only
bootable CD.
supports UltraSlim DVD drive)
v Maximum: 192 GB
v Three half-high 5.25-inch bays (one
– 48 GB using unbuffered DIMMs
DVD drive installed)
(UDIMMs)
Note: Full-high devices such as an
– 192 GB using registered DIMMs
optional tape drive will occupy two
(RDIMMs)
half-high
v Type: Registered or unbuffered ECC
5.25-inch bays.
double-data-rate 3 (DDR3) 800, 1066,
and 1333 MHz DIMMs only
PCI and PCI-X expansion slots:
v RDIMMs sizes: 1 GB, 2 GB , 4 GB , 8
v Six PCI expansion slots on the system
GB, and 16 GB single-rank, dual-rank
board:
or quad rank
– Four PCI Express x8 (2x8 link, 2x4
v UDIMMs sizes: 1 GB, 2 GB and, 4 GB
link)
single-rank or dual-rank
– One PCI Express x16 (x8 link)
v Chipkill supported
– One PCI 32-bit
v One or two expansion slots on the PCI
extender card:
– Standard - One PCI Express x8 (x4
link) on the PCI-Express extender
card
– Optional - Two PCI-X 64/133 slots
on the PCI-X extender card
6
IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
Power supply:
Note: To upgrade to two 920-watt hot-swap
power supplies, install the redundant power
and cooling option kit. The kit includes one
hot-swap 920-watt power-supply and three
hot-swap fans.
v Standard: One 920-watt 110 V or 240 V
AC input dual-rated power supply
v Upgradeable to two 920-watt hot-swap
power supplies
Hot-swap fans:
v Three (standard)
v Upgradeable to six fans (for redundant
cooling)
Note: To upgrade to redundant cooling,
install the redundant power and cooling
option kit. The kit includes one 920-watt
hot-swap power-supply and three hot-swap
fans.
Size:
v Tower
– Height: 440 mm (17.3 in.)
– Depth: 767 mm (30.2 in.)
– Width: 218 mm (8.6 in.)
– Weight: approximately 38.9 kg (85.6
lb) when fully configured or 27.4 kg
(60.4 lb) minimum
v Rack
– 5U
– Height: 218 mm (8.6 in.)
– Depth: 702 mm (27.6 in.)
– Width: 424 mm (16.7 in.)
– Weight: approximately 37.2 kg (82 lb)
when fully configured or 26.2 kg (57.7
lb) minimum
Racks are marked in vertical increments of
4.45 cm (1.75 inches). Each increment is
referred to as a unit, or “U.” A 1-U-high
device is 4.45 cm (1.75 inches) tall.
Table 1. Features and specifications (continued)
Integrated functions:
v Integrated Management Module (IMM),
which provides service processor
control and monitoring functions, video
controller, remote keyboard, video,
mouse, and remote hard disk drive
capabilities
v Dedicated or shared management
network connections
v Six-port Serial ATA (SATA) controller
embedded
v Serial over LAN (SOL) and serial
redirection over Telnet or Secure Shell
(SSH)
v USB flash device with embedded
hypervisor software.
v Support for remote management
presence
v One systems-management RJ-45 for
connection to a dedicated
systems-management network. This
system management connector is
dedicated to the IMM functions.
v Light path diagnostics
v Six Universal Serial Bus (USB) ports
standard (v2.0 supporting v1.1)
– Four on rear of server
– Two on front of server
v One internal USB tape connector
v One Broadcom dual-port 10/100/1000
Ethernet controller with Wake on LAN
support and TCP/IP Offload Engine
(TOE) support
v One serial connector, shared with the
IMM
Note: In messages and documentation,
the term service processor refers to the
integrated management module (IMM).
Video controller:
v Matrox G200eV video on system board
v Compatible with SVGA and VGA
ServeRAID SAS adapter:
v ServeRAID-BR10i SAS/SATA adapter
that supports RAID levels 0, 1, 1E
(standard)
v ServeRAID-BR10il SAS/SATA adapter
that supports RAID levels 0, 1, 1E
(standard)
Humidity:
v Server on: 20% to 80%, maximum dew
point 21°C, maximum rate of change
5°C/hour
v Server off: 8% to 80%, maximum dew
point 27°C
Heat output:
v Optional ServeRAID-MR10i SAS/SATA
adapter, which supports RAID levels 0, Approximate heat output:
v Minimum configuration: 2013 Btu per
1, 5, 6, 10
hour (590 watts)
v Optional ServeRAID-MR10is
v Maximum configuration: 3610 Btu per
SAS/SATA adapter, which supports
hour (1058 watts)
RAID levels 0, 1, 5, 6, 10
v Optional ServeRAID-M1015 SAS/SATA Electrical input:
adapter, which supports RAID level 0, v Sine-wave input (50-60 Hz) required
1, 1E
v Input voltage low range:
– Minimum: 100 V AC
v Optional ServeRAID-M5014 SAS/SATA
– Maximum: 127 V AC
adapter, which supports RAID level 0,
v Input voltage high range:
1, 5, 10, 50
– Minimum: 200 V AC
v Optional ServeRAID-M5015 SAS/SATA
– Maximum: 240 V AC
adapter, which supports RAID level 0,
v Approximate input kilovolt-amperes
1, 5, 10, 50
(kVA):
Note: If the server is configured for
– Minimum: 0.60 kVA
RAID operation using a ServeRAID
– Maximum: 1.10 kVA
adapter, you might have to reconfigure
your disk arrays after you install
drives. See the ServeRAID adapter
documentation for additional
information about RAID operation and
complete instructions for using the
ServeRAID adapter.
Acoustical noise emissions:
v Sound power, idle: 5.5 bel declared
v Sound power, operating: 6.0 bel
declared
Environment:
v Air temperature:
– Server on: 10°C to 35°C (50.0°F to
95.0°F); altitude: 0 to 915 m (3000
ft)
– Server on: 10°C to 32°C (50.0°F to
90.0°F); altitude: 915 m (3000 ft) to
2134 m (7000 ft)
– Server on: 10°C to 28°C (50.0°F to
83.0°F); altitude: 2134 m (7000 ft)
to 3050 m (10000 ft)
– Server off: 5°C to 45°C (41°F to
113°F)
– Shipping: -40°C to 60°C (-40.0°F to
140°F)
Notes:
1. Power consumption and heat output
vary depending on the number and type
of optional features that are installed
and the power-management optional
features that are in use.
2. These levels were measured in
controlled acoustical environments
according to the procedures that are
specified by the American National
Standards Institute (ANSI) S12.10 and
ISO 7779 and are reported in
accordance with ISO 9296. Actual
sound-pressure levels in a given
location might exceed the average
stated values because of room
reflections and other nearby noise
sources. The declared sound-power
levels indicate an upper limit, below
which a large number of computers will
operate.
Chapter 1. The System x3500 M3 server
7
What your server offers
The server uses the following features and technologies:
v UEFI-compliant server firmware
IBM System x® Server Firmware (server firmware) offers several features,
including Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) 2.1 compliance, Active
Energy Manager technology, enhanced RAS capabilities, and BIOS compatibility
support. UEFI replaces the basic input/output system (BIOS) and defines a
standard interface between the operating system, platform firmware, and external
devices. UEFI-compliant System x servers are capable of booting UEFI-compliant
operating systems, BIOS-based operating systems, and BIOS-based adapters as
well as UEFI-compliant adapters.
Note: The server does not support DOS.
v Integrated management module
The Integrated Management module (IMM) combines service processor
functions, video controller, and remote presence function in a single chip. The
IMM provides advanced service-processor control, monitoring, and alerting
function. If an environmental condition exceeds a threshold or if a system
component fails, the IMM lights LEDs to help you diagnose the problem, records
the error in the event log, and alerts you to the problem. The IMM also provides
a virtual presence capability for remote server management capabilities. The IMM
provides remote server management through industry-standard interfaces:
– Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) version 2.0
– Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) version 3
– Common Information Model (CIM)
– Web browser
v Remote presence capability and blue-screen capture
The remote presence feature provides the following functions:
– Remotely viewing video with graphics resolutions up to 1600 x 1200 at 85 Hz,
regardless of the system state
– Remotely accessing the server, using the keyboard and mouse from a remote
client
– Mapping the CD or DVD drive, diskette drive, and USB flash drive on a
remote client, and mapping ISO and diskette image files as virtual drives that
are available for use by the server
– Uploading a diskette image to the IMM memory and mapping it to the server
as a virtual drive
The blue-screen capture feature captures the video display contents before the
IMM restarts the server when the IMM detects an operating-system hang
condition. A system administrator can use the blue-screen capture to assist in
determining the cause of the hang condition.
v IBM Dynamic System Analysis Preboot diagnostics programs
The Dynamic System Analysis (DSA) Preboot diagnostics programs are stored
on the integrated flash memory. It collects and analyzes system information to
aid in diagnosing server problems. The diagnostic programs collect the following
information about the server:
– System configuration
– Network interfaces and settings
– Installed hardware
– Light path diagnostics status
8
IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
– Service processor status and configuration
– Vital product data, firmware, and UEFI configuration
– Hard disk drive health
– RAID adapter configuration
– Event logs for service processors
The DSA program creates a chronologically ordered merged of the system-event
log (as the IPMI event log), the IMM event log (as the ASM event log), and the
operating-system event logs. The information is collected into a file that you can
send to IBM service and support. Additionally, you can view the information
locally through a generated text report file. You can also copy the log to a
removable media and view the log from a Web browser.
For additional information about the DSA program, see the Problem
Determination and Service Guide on the IBM Documentation CD
v IBM Systems Director
IBM Systems Director is a workgroup-hardware-management tool that you can
use to centrally manage System x and xSeries® servers. For more information,
see the IBM Systems Director documentation on the IBM Systems Director CD.
v IBM ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD
The ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD, which you can download from the
Web, provides programs to help you set up the server and install a Windows
operating system. The ServerGuide program detects installed optional hardware
devices and provides the correct configuration programs and device drivers. For
more information about the ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD, see “Using
the ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD” on page 116.
v IBM X-Architecture® technology
IBM X-Architecture technology combines proven, innovative IBM designs to make
your Intel-processor-based server powerful, scalable, and reliable. For more
information, see http://www.ibm.com/servers/eserver/xseries/xarchitecture/
enterprise/index.html.
– VMware ESXi embedded hypervisor
The VMware ESXi embedded hypervisor is available on some server models.
Hypervisor is virtualization software that enables multiple operating systems to
run on a host system at the same time. The VMware ESXi embedded
hypervisor software is provided on USB flash device that is installed in the
USB connector on the system board. See “Using the embedded hypervisor”
on page 120 for additional information.
– Active Memory™
The Active Memory feature improves the reliability of memory through memory
mirroring or memory sparing. Memory mirroring stores data in two pairs of
DIMMs simultaneously. Memory sparing mode, one channel is a spare of the
other two.
– Large system-memory capacity
The memory bus supports up to 192 GB of system memory using RDIMMs.
The memory controller supports error correcting code (ECC) for up to 16
industry-standard PC3-10600R-999 (single-rank or dual-rank, or 12 quad-rank
DIMMs), 800, 1067, and 1333 MHz, DDR3 (third-generation double-data-rate),
registered, synchronous dynamic random access memory (SDRAM) dual
inline memory modules (DIMMs). The memory bus also supports up to 48 GB
UDIMMs of system memory.
v Integrated network support
Chapter 1. The System x3500 M3 server
9
The server comes with one integrated Broadcom 5709C series Gigabit Ethernet
controller, which supports connection to a 10 Mbps, 100 Mbps, or 1000 Mbps
network. For more information, see “Enabling the Broadcom Gigabit Ethernet
Utility program” on page 122.
v Integrated Trusted Platform Module (TPM)
This integrated security chip performs cryptographic functions and stores private
and public secure keys. It provides the hardware support for the Trusted
Computing Group (TCG) specification. You can download the software to support
the TCG specification, when the software is available. See http://www.ibm.com/
servers/eserver/xseries/scalable_family.html for details about the TPM
implementation. You can enable TPM support through the Setup utility under the
System Security menu option. See Table 3 on page 24 for more information.
Note: The physical presence requires manual setting on the server to change
the TPM configuration. The TPM is enabled and physical presence is not
asserted by default. The physical presence needs to be asserted to activate,
deactivate, clear or change ownership of the TPM.
v Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) 2.0
IPMI 2.0 support providing secure remote power-on/power-off and several
standard alerts for components such as fans, voltage, and temperature.
v Large data-storage capacity and hot-swap capability
The server supports up to twenty-four (depending on your model) 2.5-inch or
eight 3.5-inch hard disk drives in the hot-swap bays. With the hot-swap feature,
you can add, remove, or replace hard disk drives without turning off the server.
Note:
– SAS expander card does not support 3 GB RAID adapters.
– When using ServeRAID adapter M1015 to support more than sixteen 2.5-inch
hard disk drives, the maximum number of RAID supported drives is 16. All the
other drives will remain JBOD (the drives are presented to the operating
system without a RAID configuration).
v Light path diagnostics
Light path diagnostics provides LEDs to help you diagnose problems. For more
information, see the section about light path diagnostics in the Problem
Determination and Service Guide on the IBM Documentation CD.
v Memory mirroring
Memory mirroring improves the availability of memory by writing information to
the main memory and redundant locations in a mirrored pair of DIMMs.
v Memory sparing
2 channels operating independently, 3rd channel is spare, errors occurring in the
normal system memory are tracked, when an error threshold is crossed, the data
at the “failing” memory location is copied into the spare memory.
Note: Memory sparing is only available for Intel Xeon 5600 series
microprocessor.
v PCI-32 adapter capabilities
The server has one slot for a PCI-32 adapter.
v PCI Express x8 adapter capabilities
The server has five slots for PCI Express x8 adapters. Three of these slots
accept x8 adapters, but the adapters will operate as x4 adapters.
v PCI Express x16 adapter capabilities
10
IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
The server has one slot for PCI Express x16 adapter, which will operate as an x8
adapter.
v Redundant cooling and power capabilities
The server supports up to two 920-watt hot-swap power supplies. If the server
comes with only one power supply, you can install an additional power supply
with three redundant hot-swap cooling fans to add redundant power and cooling
capabilities. If the maximum load on the server is less than 920 watts and a
problem occurs with one of the power supplies, the other power supply can meet
the power requirements. The redundant cooling of the fans enables continued
operation if one of the fans fails.
v ServeRAID support
The server supports ServeRAID adapters to create redundant array of
independent disks (RAID) configurations.
Note: For proper cooling, do not install any card in the slot next in sequence to
a ServeRAID adapter with battery backup module (for example, if a ServeRAID
adapter with battery backup module is installed in slot 2, do not install any card
in slot 3).
v Symmetric multiprocessing (SMP)
The server supports up to two Intel Xeon quad-core microprocessors. If the
server comes with only one microprocessor, you can install an additional
microprocessor to enhance performance and provide SMP capability.
v Systems-management capabilities
The server contains an integrated management module (IMM), which enables
you to manage the functions of the server locally and remotely and provides
remote presence and blue-screen capture capability. The IMM also provides
system monitoring and event recording.
v TCP/IP offload engine (TOE) support
The Ethernet controllers in the server support TOE, which is a technology that
offloads the TCP/IP flow from the microprocessors and I/O subsystem to increase
the speed of the TCP/IP flow. When an operating system that supports TOE is
running on the server and TOE is enabled, the server supports TOE operation.
See the operating-system documentation for information about enabling TOE.
Note: As of the date of this document, the Linux operating system does not
support TOE.
Reliability, availability, and serviceability
Three important server design features are reliability, availability, and serviceability
(RAS). The RAS features help to ensure the integrity of the data that is stored in
the server, the availability of the server when you need it, and the ease with which
you can diagnose and correct problems.
The server has the following RAS features:
v 3-year parts, 3-year labor limited warranty (1-year warranty is available in limited
geography)
v Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI)
v Advanced Desktop Management Interface (DMI) features
v Automatic error retry or recovery
v Automatic memory downsizing on error detection
v Automatic restart on nonmaskable interrupt (NMI)
Chapter 1. The System x3500 M3 server
11
v Automatic Server Restart (ASR) logic supporting a system restart when the
operating system becomes unresponsive
v Automatic server restart after a power failure, based on the Setup utility setting
v Availability of microcode level
v ABR (Automatic BIOS Recovery)
v Built-in, menu-driven setup, system configuration, and redundant array of
independent disks (RAID) configuration
v Built-in monitoring for fan, power, temperature, and voltage
v CD-based diagnostic programs
v Cooling fans with speed-sensing capability
v Customer support center that is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week2
v Diagnostic support of ServeRAID adapters
v Error codes and messages
v Error correcting code (ECC) double-data-rate (DDR) synchronous dynamic
random access memory (SDRAM) with serial presence detect (SPD)
v Error logging of POST failures
v Hot-swap SAS hard disk drives
v Integrated Ethernet controllers
v Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) 2.0
v Key-lock support for physical security
v Memory change messages posted to the system-event log
v Power-on self-test (POST)
v Predictive Failure Analysis (PFA) alerts
v Read-only memory (ROM) checksums
v Redundant Ethernet capabilities (requires an optional Ethernet adapter) with
failover support
v Standby voltage for system-management features and monitoring
v System auto-configuring from the configuration menu
v System-error LED on the front bezel and diagnostics LEDs on the system board
v Upgradeable microcode for POST, BIOS, and read-only memory (ROM) resident
code, locally or over a LAN
v Vital product data (VPD); includes serial-number information and replacement
part numbers, stored in nonvolatile memory, for easier remote maintenance
v Wake on LAN capability
IBM Systems Director
IBM Systems Director is a platform-management foundation that streamlines the
way you manage physical and virtual systems in a heterogeneous environment. By
using industry standards, IBM Systems Director supports multiple operating systems
and virtualization technologies in IBM and non-IBM x86 platforms.
Through a single user interface, IBM Systems Director provides consistent views for
viewing managed systems, determining how these systems relate to one another,
and identifying their statuses, helping to correlate technical resources with business
needs. A set of common tasks that are included with IBM Systems Director provides
many of the core capabilities that are required for basic management, which means
2. Service availability will vary by country. Response time varies; may exclude holidays.
12
IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
instant out-of-the-box business value. These common tasks include discovery,
inventory, configuration, system health, monitoring, updates, event notification, and
automation for managed systems.
The IBM Systems Director Web and command-line interfaces provide a consistent
interface that is focused on driving these common tasks and capabilities:
v Discovering, navigating, and visualizing systems on the network with the detailed
inventory and relationships to the other network resources
v Notifying users of problems that occur on systems and the ability to isolate the
sources of the problems
v Notifying users when systems need updates and distributing and installing
updates on a schedule
v Analyzing real-time data for systems and setting critical thresholds that notify the
administrator of emerging problems
v Configuring settings of a single system and creating a configuration plan that can
apply those setting to multiple systems
v Updating installed plug-ins to add new features and functions to the base
capabilities
v Managing the life cycles of virtual resources
For more information about IBM Systems Director, see the documentation on the
IBM Systems Director DVD that comes with the server and the IBM xSeries
Systems Management Web page at http://www.ibm.com/systems/management/,
which presents an overview of IBM Systems Management and IBM Systems
Director.
The UpdateXpress System Pack Installer
The UpdateXpress System Pack Installer detects supported and installed device
drivers and firmware in the server and installs available updates. For additional
information and to download the UpdateXpress System Pack Installer, go to the
System x and BladeCenter Tools Center at http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/
toolsctr/v1r0/index.jsp and click UpdateXpress System Pack Installer.
Server controls, LEDs, and power
This section describes the controls and light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and how to turn
the server on and off.
Front view
The following illustration shows the controls and LEDs on the front of the server.
(See “Operator information panel” on page 28 for information about the operator
information panel.)
Chapter 1. The System x3500 M3 server
13
Note: The front bezel door is not shown so that the drive bays are visible.
System power LED: The states of the system power LED are as follows:
Lit
When this LED is lit and not flashing, it indicates that the server is turned
on.
Flashing slowly
When this LED is flashing slowly (once per second), it indicates that the
server is turned off and still connected to an AC power source.
Flashing rapidly (4 times per second)
The server is turned off and is not ready to be turned on. The power-control
button is disabled. This will last approximately 20 to 40 seconds.
Note: Approximately 20 seconds after the server is connected to ac power,
the power-control button becomes active.
Off
When this LED is off, it indicates that AC power is not present, or the power
supply or the LED itself has failed. A system-power LED is also on the rear
of the server.
Power-control button: Press this button to turn the server on and off manually. A
power-control-button shield comes with the server. You can install this disk-shaped
shield to prevent the server from being turned off accidentally.
Hard disk drive activity LED: When this LED is flashing, it indicates that a hard
disk drive is in use.
System locator LED: Use this LED to visually locate the server among other
servers. You can use IBM Systems Director or IMM to light this LED remotely.
14
IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
System information LED: When this amber LED is on, the server power supplies
are nonredundant, or some other noncritical event has occurred. The event is
recorded in the error log. Check the light path diagnostics panel or event log for
more information. This LED will remain lit until you resolve the problem or you press
the remind button. (See “Remind button” on page 34 for more information.)
System-error LED: When this LED is lit, it indicates that a system error has
occurred.
USB 1 and 2 connectors: Connect USB devices to these connectors.
DVD-eject button: Press this button to release a CD or DVD from the DVD drive.
Hard disk drive activity LED: When this LED is flashing, it indicates that the drive
is in use.
Hard disk drive status LED: On some server models, each hot-swap hard disk
drive has a status LED. When this LED is lit, it indicates that the drive has failed. If
an optional IBM ServeRAID adapter is installed in the server, when this LED is
flashing slowly (one flash per second), it indicates that the drive is being rebuilt.
When the LED is flashing rapidly (three flashes per second), it indicates that the
adapter is identifying the drive.
Note: For proper cooling, do not install any card in the slot next in sequence to a
ServeRAID adapter with battery backup module (for example, if a ServeRAID
adapter with battery backup module is installed in slot 2, do not install any card in
slot 3).
DVD drive activity LED: When this LED is lit, it indicates that the DVD drive is in
use.
Chapter 1. The System x3500 M3 server
15
Light path diagnostics panel
The following illustration shows the front LEDs on the light path diagnostics panel.
The light path diagnostics panel is inside the front bezel.
Note: The light path diagnostics LEDs remain lit only while the server is connected
to power.
For more information about the light path diagnostics LEDs, see the Problem
Determination and Service Guide on the IBM Documentation CD.
16
IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
Rear view
The following illustration shows the connectors and LEDs on the rear of the server.
Power error LED
AC power LED
DC power LED
Power cord
connector
Video
Serial 1
(COM 1)
Systems
management
NMI button
USB 1
USB 2
USB 3
USB 4
Ethernet 10/100/1000
Ethernet
transmit/receive
activity LEDs
Ethernet link
status LEDs
AC power LED: Each hot-swap power supply has an AC power LED and a DC
power LED. When the AC power LED is lit, it indicates that sufficient power is
coming into the power supply through the power cord. During typical operation, both
the AC and DC power LEDs are lit. For any other combination of LEDs, see
“Power-supply LEDs” on page 18.
DC power LED: Each hot-swap power supply has a DC power LED and an AC
power LED. When the DC power LED is lit, it indicates that the power supply is
supplying adequate DC power to the system. During typical operation, both the AC
and DC power LEDs are lit. For any other combination of LEDs, see “Power-supply
LEDs” on page 18.
Power error LED: When the power error LED is lit, it indicates that the power
supply has failed.
Power-cord connector: Connect the power cord to this connector.
Ethernet connectors: Use either of these connectors to connect the server to a
network. When you use the Ethernet 1 connector, the network can be shared with
the IMM through a single network cable.
Ethernet transmit/receive activity LED: This LED is on the Ethernet connector on
the rear of the server. When this LED is lit, it indicates that there is activity between
the server and the network.
Chapter 1. The System x3500 M3 server
17
Ethernet link status LED: This LED is on the Ethernet connector on the rear of the
server. When this LED is lit, it indicates that there is an active connection on the
Ethernet port.
USB 1-4 connectors: Connect a USB device, such as USB mouse or keyboard, to
any of these connectors.
System-management connector: Use this connector to connect the server to a
network for systems-management information control. This connector is used only
by the IMM.
Serial 1 connector (COM 1): Connect a 9-pin serial device to this connector. The
serial port is shared with the integrated management module (IMM). The IMM can
take control of the shared serial port to perform text console redirection and to
redirect serial traffic, using Serial over LAN (SOL).
Video connector: Connect a monitor to this connector.
Power-supply LEDs
The following illustration shows the power-supply LEDs on the rear of the server.
For more information about solving power-supply problems, see the Problem
Determination and Service Guide.
The following table describes the problems that are indicated by various
combinations of the power-supply LEDs and the power-on LED on the operator
information panel and suggested actions to correct the detected problems. (See
“Operator information panel” on page 28 for information about the operator
information panel.)
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IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
Table 2. Power-supply LEDs
Power-supply LEDs
AC
DC
Off
Off
Error
Off
Description
Action
Notes
No AC power to 1. Check the AC power to the server.
the server or a
2. Make sure that the power cord is
problem with the
connected to a functioning power
AC power source
source.
This is a normal
condition when no
AC power is
present.
3. Turn the server off and then turn the
server back on.
4. If the problem remains, replace the
power supply.
Off
Off
On
No AC power to 1. Replace the power supply.
the server or a
2. Make sure that the power cord is
problem with the
connected to a functioning power
AC power source
source.
and the power
supply had
detected an
internal problem
Off
On
Off
Faulty power
supply
Replace the power supply.
Off
On
On
Faulty power
supply
Replace the power supply.
On
Off
Off
Power supply not 1. Reseat the power supply.
fully seated,
2. If the system board error LED is off,
faulty system
replace the power supply.
board, or faulty
3. (Trained service technician only) If the
power supply
system board error LED is lit, replace
the system board.
On
Off or
Flashing
On
Faulty power
supply
On
On
Off
Normal operation
On
On
On
Power supply is
faulty but still
operational
This happens only
when a second
power supply is
providing power to
the server.
Typically indicates
that a power supply
is not fully seated.
Replace the power supply.
Replace the power supply.
Server power features
When the server is connected to an AC power source but is not turned on, the
operating system does not run, and all core logic except for the integrated
management module (IMM) is shut down; however, the server can respond to
requests from the IMM, such as a remote request to turn on the server. The
power-on LED flashes to indicate that the server is connected to AC power but not
turned on.
Turning on the server
Approximately 20 seconds after the server is connected to AC power, the
power-control button becomes active, and one or more fans might start running to
provide cooling while the server is connected to power. You can turn on the server
and start the operating system by pressing the power-control button.
The server can also be turned on in any of the following ways:
Chapter 1. The System x3500 M3 server
19
v If a power failure occurs while the server is turned on, the server will restart
automatically when power is restored.
v If your operating system supports the Wake on LAN feature, the Wake on LAN
feature can turn on the server.
For 32-bit operating systems only: Some memory is reserved for various
system resources and is unavailable to the operating system. The amount of
memory that is reserved for system resources depends on the operating system,
the configuration of the server, and the configured PCI options.
Turning off the server
When you turn off the server and leave it connected to AC power, the server can
respond to requests from the IMM, such as a remote request to turn on the server.
While the server remains connected to AC power, one or more fans might continue
to run. To remove all power from the server, you must disconnect it from the power
source.
Important: To view the error LEDs on the system board, leave the server
connected to a power source.
Some operating systems require an orderly shutdown before you turn off the server.
See your operating-system documentation for information about shutting down the
operating system.
Statement 5:
CAUTION:
The power control button on the device and the power switch on the power
supply do not turn off the electrical current supplied to the device. The device
also might have more than one power cord. To remove all electrical current
from the device, ensure that all power cords are disconnected from the power
source.
2
1
The server can be turned off in any of the following ways:
v You can turn off the server from the operating system, if your operating system
supports this feature. After an orderly shutdown of the operating system, the
server will be turned off automatically.
v You can press the power-control button to start an orderly shutdown of the
operating system and turn off the server, if your operating system supports this
feature.
v If the operating system stops functioning, you can press and hold the
power-control button for more than 4 seconds to turn off the server.
v The IMM can turn off the server as an automatic response to a critical system
failure.
v You can turn off the server through a request from the IMM.
20
IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
This chapter provides detailed instructions for installing optional hardware devices in
the server.
In addition to the instructions in this chapter for installing optional hardware devices,
updating firmware and device drivers, and completing the installation, IBM Business
Partners must also complete the steps in “Instructions for IBM Business Partners.”
Important: To help ensure that the devices that you install work correctly and do
not introduce problems, observe the following precautions:
1. Make sure that the server and the installed firmware levels support the devices
that you are installing. If necessary, update the UEFI and IMM2 firmware and
any other firmware that is stored on the system boards. For information about
where firmware is stored in the server, see Chapter 6, “Configuration information
and instructions,” in the Problem Determination and Service Guide. For a list of
supported optional devices for the server, see http://www.ibm.com/systems/info/
x86servers/serverproven/compat/us/.
2. Before you install optional hardware devices, make sure that the server is
working correctly. Start the server and make sure that the operating system
starts, if an operating system is installed, or that a 19990305 error code is
displayed, indicating that an operating system was not found but the server is
otherwise working correctly. If the server is not working correctly, see the
Problem Determination and Service Guide for information about how to run
diagnostics.
3. Follow the installation procedures in this chapter and use the correct tools.
Incorrectly installed devices can cause system failures because of damaged
pins in sockets or connectors, loose cabling, or loose components.
4. Use the best practices to apply current firmware and device-driver updates for
the server and optional devices. To download the IBM System x Firmware
Update Best Practices document, go to http://www.ibm.com/support/entry/portal/
docdisplay?brand=50000020&lndocid=MIGR-5082923. Additional hints and tips
are available from the following sites:
v IBM support: http://www.ibm.com/supportportal/
v System x configuration tools: http://www.ibm.com/systems/x/hardware/
configtools.html
Instructions for IBM Business Partners
In addition to the instructions in this chapter for installing optional hardware devices,
updating firmware and device drivers, and completing the installation, IBM Business
Partners must also complete the following steps:
1. Before you configure a server for a customer, complete the Solution Assurance
checklist at http://w3.ibm.com/support/assure/assur30i.nsf/webindex/sa294/.
2. After you have confirmed that the server starts correctly and recognizes the
newly installed devices and that no error LEDs are lit, run the Dynamic System
Analysis (DSA) stress tests. For information about using DSA, see the Problem
Determination and Service Guide.
3. Shut down and restart the server multiple times to ensure that the server is
correctly configured and functions correctly with the newly installed devices.
4. Save the DSA log as a file and send it to IBM.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2011
21
5. To ship the server, repackage it in the original undamaged packing material and
observe IBM procedures for shipping.
Support information for IBM Business Partners is available at http://www.ibm.com/
partnerworld/.
Server components
The following illustration shows the major components in the server.
Blue on a component indicates touch points, where you can grip the component to
remove it from or install it in the server, open or close a latch, and so on.
Orange on a component or an orange label on or near a component indicates that
the component can be hot-swapped, which means that if the server and operating
system support hot-swap capability, you can remove or install the component while
the server is running. (Orange can also indicate touch points on hot-swap
components.) See the instructions for removing or installing a specific hot-swap
component for any additional procedures that you might have to perform before you
remove or install the component.
22
IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
System-board internal connectors
The following illustrations show the internal connectors and switches on the system
board.
The system board is equipped with a PCI extender card that provides one
additional expansion slot. The following illustration shows the additional PCI
Express expansion slot that is available on the PCI Express extender card.
Note: The PCI Express extender card comes standard in the System x3500 M3
server.
The following illustration shows two additional PCI-X expansion slots that are
available on the PCI-X extender card.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
23
System-board switches and jumpers
The following tables show the settings of the switches and the jumpers.
Table 3. System-board jumpers
Jumper
number
Jumper
name
JP1
CMOS clear v Pins 1 and 2: Normal operation (default).
Jumper setting
v Pins 2 and 3: Clears CMOS memory.
JP6
JP7
UEFI boot
recovery
v Pins 1 and 2: Normal operation (default).
Trust
Platform
Module
(TPM)
v Pins 1 and 2: Physical presence to the TPM.
v Pins 2 and 3: Enable the UEFI recovery mode.
v Pins 2 and 3: No physical presence to the TPM (default).
Note: The physical presence requires manual setting on the
server to change the TPM configuration. The TPM is enabled
and physical presence is not asserted by default. The physical
presence needs to be asserted to activate, deactivate, clear or
change ownership of the TPM.
Note: If no jumper is present, the server responds as on default position.
Table 4. System-board switch 6
SW 6 Switches
Switch description
1
Reserved (default off)
2
Power-on password override when on (default off)
3
Reserved (default off)
4
When this switch is off, the primary IMM firmware ROM page is loaded. When this switch is on,
the secondary (backup) IMM firmware ROM page is loaded (default off).
Notes:
1. Before you change any switch settings or move any jumpers, turn off the server;
then, disconnect all power cords and external cables. (Review the information in
“Safety” on page vii, “Installation guidelines” on page 35, and “Handling
static-sensitive devices” on page 37.)
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IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
System-board LEDs
The following illustration shows the LEDs on the system board.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
25
System-board external connectors
The following illustration shows the external input/output connectors and the NMI
button on the system board.
26
IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
SAS backplane connectors
The following illustrations show the connectors on the SAS backplanes.
Figure 1. 3.5-inch backplane connectors
Figure 2. 2.5-inch backplane connectors
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
27
Operator information panel
The following illustration shows the LEDs on the operator information panel on the
front of the server. (The power-control button is also on the operator information
panel. See “Front view” on page 13 for the location of the power-control button.)
v Follow the suggested actions in the order in which they are listed in the Action column until the problem
is solved.
v See the Problem Determination and Service Guide on the IBM Documentation CD to determine which
components are customer replaceable units (CRU) and which components are field replaceable units
(FRU).
v If an action step is preceded by “(Trained service technician only),” that step must be performed only by a
trained service technician.
Lit light path diagnostics LED with the
system-error or information LED also lit
Description
System power (green)
The states of the power-on LED are as follows:
v Off: AC power is not present, or the power supply or the LED itself
has failed.
v Flashing rapidly (4 times per second): The server is turned off
and is not ready to be turned on. The power-control button is
disabled. This will last approximately 20 to 40 seconds.
Note: Approximately 20 seconds after the server is connected to ac
power, the power-control button becomes active.
v Flashing slowly (once per second): The server is turned off and is
ready to be turned on. You can press the power-control button to
turn on the server.
v Lit: The server is turned on.
v Fading on and off: The server is in a reduced-power state. To
wake the server, press the power-control button or use the IMM
Web interface.
Hard disk drive activity (green)
28
When this LED is flashing rapidly, it indicates that there is activity on a
hard disk drive.
IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
v Follow the suggested actions in the order in which they are listed in the Action column until the problem
is solved.
v See the Problem Determination and Service Guide on the IBM Documentation CD to determine which
components are customer replaceable units (CRU) and which components are field replaceable units
(FRU).
v If an action step is preceded by “(Trained service technician only),” that step must be performed only by a
trained service technician.
Lit light path diagnostics LED with the
system-error or information LED also lit
Description
System locator (blue)
Use this LED to visually locate the server among other servers. You
can use IBM Systems Director to light this LED remotely.
System information (amber)
When this amber LED is lit, it indicates that information about a
suboptimal condition in the server is available in the IMM event log or
in the system-event log.Check the light path diagnostics panel for more
information.
System error (amber)
When this LED is lit, it indicates that a system error has occurred. Use
the light path diagnostics panel and the system service label to further
isolate the error.
Light path diagnostics panel
The following illustration shows the front USB ports and the LEDs on the light path
diagnostics panel. The light path diagnostics panel is inside the front bezel.
The following table lists the light path diagnostics LEDs, the problems that they
indicate, and actions to solve the problems.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
29
v Follow the suggested actions in the order in which they are listed in the Action column until the problem
is solved.
v See the Problem Determination and Service Guide on the IBM Documentation CD to determine which
components are customer replaceable units (CRU) and which components are field replaceable units
(FRU).
v If an action step is preceded by “(Trained service technician only),” that step must be performed only by a
trained service technician.
Lit light path
diagnostics LED with
the system-error or
information LED also
lit
Description
Action
System-event log
(LOG)
A system event log occurred.
View the contents of the system-event log (see the
Problem Determination and Service Guide.)
Temperature
The system temperature has
exceeded a threshold level.
1. See the system-error log (see the Problem
Determination and Service Guide on the IBM
Documentation CD) for the source of the fault.
2. Make sure that the airflow in the server is not
blocked.
3. Make sure that the room is neither too hot or too
cold (room temperature) (see “Environment” in
“Features and specifications” on page 6).
System board (BRD)
An error occurred on the system
board.
1. Check the LEDs on the system board to identify
the component that is causing the error. The BRD
LED can be lit for the following conditions:
v Battery failure
v Voltage regulator failure
2. Check the system-event log for information about
the error.
3. Replace any failed or missing replaceable
components, such as the battery.
4. (Trained service technician only) If the voltage
regulator has failed, replace the system board.
PCI bus
A PCI adapter has failed.
1. See the system-error log (see the Problem
Determination and Service Guide on the IBM
Documentation CD).
2. Check the LEDs on the PCI slots to identify the
component that is causing the error and reseat the
failing adapter.
3. Replace the following components one at a time,
in the order shown, restarting the server each time:
a. Failing adapter
b. (Trained service technician only) System board
Fan
A fan has failed or is operating too
slowly.
1. Reinstall the removed fan.
2. If an individual fan LED is lit, replace the fan.
3. (Trained service technician only) Replace the
system board.
30
IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
v Follow the suggested actions in the order in which they are listed in the Action column until the problem
is solved.
v See the Problem Determination and Service Guide on the IBM Documentation CD to determine which
components are customer replaceable units (CRU) and which components are field replaceable units
(FRU).
v If an action step is preceded by “(Trained service technician only),” that step must be performed only by a
trained service technician.
Lit light path
diagnostics LED with
the system-error or
information LED also
lit
Description
Action
Power supply
1. Check the individual power-supply LEDs.
A power supply has failed or has
been removed.
2. Reseat the following components:
a. Power supply
b. (Trained service technician only) Power-supply
cage cables
3. Replace the following components one at a time,
in the order shown, restarting the server each time:
a. Power supply
b. (Trained service technician only) Power-supply
cage
Hard disk drive /RAID
A hard disk drive, SAS adapter, or
RAID adapter error has occurred.
2. Reseat the following components:
Notes:
a. Failing hard disk drive
1. This LED is lit also when a hard
disk drive is removed from the
server.
b. SAS hard disk drive backplanes
2. The error LED on the failing
hard disk drive is also lit.
NMI
1. Reinstall the removed drive.
c. SAS signal and power cables
d. System board
e. ServeRAID-BR10i SAS/SATA adapter
3. Check the system-event log for
a RAID error.
3. Replace the components listed in step 2 one at a
time, in the order shown, restarting the server each
time.
A hardware error has been reported
to the operating system.
1. See the system-error log (see the Problem
Determination and Service Guide on the IBM
Documentation CD).
2. If the PCI LED is lit, follow the instructions for that
LED.
3. If the MEM LED is lit, follow the instructions for
that LED.
4. Restart the server.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
31
v Follow the suggested actions in the order in which they are listed in the Action column until the problem
is solved.
v See the Problem Determination and Service Guide on the IBM Documentation CD to determine which
components are customer replaceable units (CRU) and which components are field replaceable units
(FRU).
v If an action step is preceded by “(Trained service technician only),” that step must be performed only by a
trained service technician.
Lit light path
diagnostics LED with
the system-error or
information LED also
lit
Description
Memory (MEM)
A memory error has occurred.
Note: The error LED on the DIMM
is also lit.
Action
1. Determine whether the CNFG LED is also lit,
which indicates the memory configuration is
invalid. If the CNFG LED is also lit, then
repopulate the DIMMs to a supported
configuration.
2. If the CNFG LED is not lit, one of the following
conditions is present:
v The server did not start and a failing DIMM LED
is lit.
a. Check for a PFA log event in the System
Event Log (SEL)
b. Reseat the DIMM.
c. Move the DIMM to a different slot or replace
the DIMM.
d. (Trained service technician only) Replace
the system board.
v The server started, the failing DIMM is disabled,
and the LED is lit.
a. If the LEDs are lit by two DIMMs, check the
system event log for PFA on one of the
DIMMs, and then replace the DIMM.
Otherwise, replace both DIMMs.
b. If the LED is lit by only one DIMM, replace
that DIMM.
c. Re-enable the DIMM, using the Setup utility.
32
IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
v Follow the suggested actions in the order in which they are listed in the Action column until the problem
is solved.
v See the Problem Determination and Service Guide on the IBM Documentation CD to determine which
components are customer replaceable units (CRU) and which components are field replaceable units
(FRU).
v If an action step is preceded by “(Trained service technician only),” that step must be performed only by a
trained service technician.
Lit light path
diagnostics LED with
the system-error or
information LED also
lit
Description
Microprocessor/
memory/VRM
configuration (CNFG)
Action
A hardware configuration error has
1. (The system error LED, CPU LED, and CNFG LED
occurred. (This LED is used with the
are lit when POST detects a microprocessor
MEM, VRM, and CPU LEDs.)
mismatch.) (Trained service technician only)
Remove the microprocessors and install two
microprocessors of the same cache size, type, and
clock speed.
2. (The system error LED, MEM LED, and CNFG
LED are lit when POST detects an invalid memory
configuration.) Remove and install supported
DIMMs (see “Installing a memory module” on page
86).
3. (The VRM LED and the CNFG LED are lit when
POST detects a missing VRM for the second
microprocessor.) Install a VRM in the VRM
connector on the system board for the second
microprocessor.
4. Check the system-event log for information that
indicates incompatible components.
VRM
A VRM is missing or failed.
1. Determine whether the CNFG LED is also lit. If the
CNFG LED is lit, a VRM is missing.
2. Check the system-event log to determine the
reason for the lit LED (for a VRM).
3. Find the failing VRM by checking the LEDs on the
system board.
4. Install any missing VRMs.
5. Reseat the following components:
a. Failing VRM
b. (Trained service technician only)
Microprocessor associated with the VRM
6. Replace the following components one at a time,
in the order shown, restarting the server each time:
a. Failing VRM
b. (Trained service technician only)
Microprocessor associated with the VRM
c. (Trained service technician only) System board
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
33
v Follow the suggested actions in the order in which they are listed in the Action column until the problem
is solved.
v See the Problem Determination and Service Guide on the IBM Documentation CD to determine which
components are customer replaceable units (CRU) and which components are field replaceable units
(FRU).
v If an action step is preceded by “(Trained service technician only),” that step must be performed only by a
trained service technician.
Lit light path
diagnostics LED with
the system-error or
information LED also
lit
Description
Microprocessor (CPU)
A microprocessor has failed, or an
invalid microprocessor configuration
has occurred.
Note: (Trained service technician
only) Make sure that the
microprocessors are installed in the
correct sequence.
Action
1. Check the system-event log to determine the
reason for the lit LED.
2. Determine whether the CNFG LED is also lit. If the
CNFG LED is not lit, a microprocessor has failed.
a. Make sure that the failing microprocessor,
which is indicated by the CPU1 or CPU2 error
LED on the system board, is installed correctly.
b. (Trained service technician only) Replace the
failing microprocessor.
c. (Trained service technician only) Replace the
failing system board.
3. If the CNFG LED is lit and the CPU mismatch LED
on the system board is lit, an invalid
microprocessor configuration has occurred.
a. Make sure that the microprocessors are
compatible with each other. They must match
in speed and cache size. To compare the
microprocessor information, run the Setup
utility and select System Information, and
then select System Summary. Select
Processor Details.
b. (Trained service technician only) Replace an
incompatible microprocessor.
Service processor bus The IMM detects an internal error.
(SP BUS)
1. Remove power from the server; then, reconnect
the server to power and restart the server.
2. Updated the firmware on the IMM.
For more information about light path diagnostics, see the Problem Determination
and Service Guide on the IBM Documentation CD.
Remind button
You can use the remind button on the light path diagnostics panel to put the
system-error LED on the operator information panel into Remind mode. When you
press the remind button, you acknowledge the error but indicate that you will not
take immediate action. The system-error LED flashes while it is in Remind mode
and stays in Remind mode until one of the following conditions occurs:
v All known errors are corrected.
v The server is restarted.
v A new error occurs, causing the system-error LED to be lit again.
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IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
Installation guidelines
Before you install optional devices, read the following information:
v Read the safety information that begins on page vii, “Working inside the server
with the power on” on page 36, and the guidelines in “Handling static-sensitive
devices” on page 37. This information will help you work safely.
v When you install your new server, take the opportunity to download and apply
the most recent firmware updates. This step will help to ensure that any known
issues are addressed and that your server is ready to function at maximum levels
of performance. To download firmware updates for your server, complete the
following steps:
1. Go to http://www.ibm.com/systems/support/
2. Under Product support, click System x.
3. Under Popular links, click Software and device drivers.
4. Click System x3500 M3 to display the matrix of downloadable files for the
server.
For additional information about tools for updating, managing, and deploying
firmware, see the System x and xSeries Tools Center at http://
publib.boulder.imm.com/infocenter/toolstr/v1r0/index.jsp.
v Before you install optional hardware, make sure that the server is working
correctly. Start the server, and make sure that the operating system starts, if an
operating system is installed, or that a 19990305 error code is displayed,
indicating that an operating system was not found but the server is otherwise
working correctly. If the server is not working correctly, see the Problem
Determination and Service Guide on the IBM Documentation CD for information
about how to run diagnostics.
v Observe good housekeeping in the area where you are working. Place removed
covers and other parts in a safe place.
v If you must start the server while the cover is removed, make sure that no one is
near the server and that no tools or other objects have been left inside the
server.
v Do not attempt to lift an object that you think is too heavy for you. If you have to
lift a heavy object, observe the following precautions:
– Make sure that you can stand safely without slipping.
– Distribute the weight of the object equally between your feet.
– Use a slow lifting force. Never move suddenly or twist when you lift a heavy
object.
– To avoid straining the muscles in your back, lift by standing or by pushing up
with your leg muscles.
v Make sure that you have an adequate number of properly grounded electrical
outlets for the server, monitor, and other devices.
v Back up all important data before you make changes to disk drives.
v Have a small flat-blade screwdriver available.
v To view the error LEDs on the system board and internal components, leave the
server connected to power.
v You do not have to turn off the server to install or replace hot-swap power
supplies, hot-swap hard disk drives, hot-swap fans, or hot-plug Universal Serial
Bus (USB) devices.
v Blue on a component indicates touch points, where you can grip the component
to remove it from or install it in the server, open or close a latch, and so on.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
35
v Orange on a component or an orange label on or near a component indicates
that the component can be hot-swapped, which means that if the server and
operating system support hot-swap capability, you can remove or install the
component while the server is running. (Orange can also indicate touch points on
hot-swap components.) See the instructions for removing or installing a specific
hot-swap component for any additional procedures that you might have to
perform before you remove or install the component.
v When you work inside the server, you might find it easier to lay the server on its
side.
v For a list of supported optional devices for the server, see http://www.ibm.com/
servers/eserver/serverproven/compat/us/.
System reliability guidelines
To help ensure proper cooling and system reliability, make sure that the following
requirements are met:
v Each of the drive bays has a drive or an electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)
shield installed in it.
v If the server has redundant power, each of the power-supply bays has a power
supply installed in it.
v There is adequate space around the server to allow the server cooling system to
work properly. Leave approximately 50 mm (2.0 in.) of open space around the
front and rear of the server. Do not place objects in front of the fans. For proper
cooling and airflow, replace the left-side cover before you turn on the server.
Operating the server for extended periods of time (more than 30 minutes) with
the left-side cover removed might damage server components.
v You have followed the cabling instructions that come with optional adapters.
v You have replaced a failed fan within 48 hours.
v You have replaced a hot-swap drive within 2 minutes of removal.
v You have replaced a hot-swap fan within 30 seconds of removal.
v You do not remove the air duct or air baffles while the server is running.
Operating the server without the air duct or air baffles might cause the
microprocessor to overheat.
v Microprocessor socket 2 always contains either a microprocessor baffle or a
microprocessor and heat sink.
Working inside the server with the power on
Attention: Static electricity that is released to internal server components when
the server is powered-on might cause the server to halt, which might result in the
loss of data. To avoid this potential problem, always use an electrostatic-discharge
wrist strap or other grounding system when you work inside the server with the
power on.
The server supports hot-swap devices and is designed to operate safely while it is
turned on and the cover is removed. Follow these guidelines when you work inside
a server that is turned on:
v Avoid wearing loose-fitting clothing on your forearms. Button long-sleeved shirts
before you work inside the server; do not wear cuff links while you are working
inside the server.
v Do not allow your necktie or scarf to hang inside the server.
v Remove jewelry, such as bracelets, necklaces, rings, and loose-fitting wrist
watches.
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IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
v Remove items from your shirt pocket, such as pens and pencils, that might fall
into the server as you lean over it.
v Avoid dropping any metallic objects, such as paper clips, hairpins, and screws,
into the server.
Handling static-sensitive devices
Attention: Static electricity can damage the server and other electronic devices.
To avoid damage, keep static-sensitive devices in their static-protective packages
until you are ready to install them.
To reduce the possibility of damage from electrostatic discharge, observe the
following precautions:
v Limit your movement. Movement can cause static electricity to build up around
you.
v Wear an electrostatic-discharge wrist strap, if one is available.
v Handle the device carefully, holding it by its edges or its frame.
v Do not touch solder joints, pins, or exposed circuitry.
v Do not leave the device where others can handle and damage it.
v While the device is still in its static-protective package, touch it to an unpainted
metal part of the server for at least 2 seconds. This drains static electricity from
the package and from your body.
v Remove the device from its package and install it directly into the server without
setting down the device. If it is necessary to set down the device, put it back into
its static-protective package. Do not place the device on the server cover or on a
metal surface.
v Take additional care when you handle devices during cold weather. Heating
reduces indoor humidity and increases static electricity.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
37
Internal cable routing and connectors
The server uses cables to connect SATA attached, hot-swap SATA, hot-swap SAS
and DVD drive devices to the power supply and to the system board.
Review the following information before connecting power and signal cables to
internal drives:
v The drives that are preinstalled in the server come with power and signal cables
attached. If you replace any drives, remember which cable is attached to which
drive.
v When you route a cable, make sure that it does not block the airflow to the rear
of the drives or over the microprocessor or DIMMs.
Tape drive cable connection
You can install either a USB or SATA tape drive in the server. The following
illustration shows the internal cable routing and connectors for both the USB tape
drive and the SATA tape drive. It also shows the internal power cable for the optical
drives.
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IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
The following illustrations show the cabling information for installing the SATA to
traditional power converter cable when you install an RDX internal USB tape drive
in the server. This cable comes with the server in the plastic bag with the drive rails.
Power
converter
cable
Connects to
tape drive
Connects to
optical power cable
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
39
Optical power cable
SATA connector
Power converter
cable
Tape drive
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IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
DVD drive cable connection
The following illustration shows the internal SATA and power cable routing and the
connectors from the DVD drive to the system board.
The following illustration shows the internal power cable routing and the connectors
from the UltraSlim DVD drive to the system board.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
41
The following illustration shows the internal SATA cable routing and the connectors
from the UltraSlim DVD drive to the system board.
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IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
Operator information panel cable connection
The following illustration shows the internal cable routing and connectors from the
operator information panel to the system board.
Light path diagnostics LED panel cable connection
The following illustration shows the internal cable routing and connectors from the
light path diagnostics LED panel to the system board.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
43
Hard disk drive cable connection
Review the following information before connecting power and signal cables to
internal drives:
1. The following illustrations show the connectors on the 2.5-inch and
3.5-inch hard disk drive backplanes.
Figure 3. Connectors on the 3.5-inch hard disk drive backplane
Figure 4. Connectors on the 2.5-inch hard disk drive backplane
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IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
2. The following illustrations show the cable connectors on ServeRAID
M1015/M5014/M5015 adapters.
Figure 5. Cable connectors on ServeRAID-M1015 adapter
Figure 6. Cable connectors on ServeRAID-M5014 adapter
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
45
Figure 7. Cable connectors on ServeRAID-M5015 adapter
Note:
v For proper cooling, do not install any card in the slot next in sequence to a
ServeRAID adapter with battery backup module (for example, if a ServeRAID
adapter with battery backup module is installed in slot 2, do not install any
card in slot 3).
v If the server is configured for RAID operation using a ServeRAID adapter,
you might have to reconfigure your disk arrays after you install drives. See
the ServeRAID adapter documentation for additional information about RAID
operation and complete instructions for using the ServeRAID adapter.
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IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
Review the following information before connecting power, configuration, and signal
cables for the drives:
1. For server models with four 3.5-inch hot-swap hard disk drives.
v The following illustration shows the internal power cable routing.
v The following illustration shows the internal configuration cable routing.
v The following illustration shows the internal signal cable routing for installing a
ServeRAID adapter.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
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IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
2. For server models with eight 3.5-inch hot-swap hard disk drives.
v The following illustration shows the internal power cable routing.
v The following illustration shows the internal configuration cable routing.
v The following illustration shows the internal signal cable routing for installing a
ServeRAID adapter.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
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IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
3. For server models with eight 2.5-inch hot-swap hard disk drives.
v The following illustration shows the internal power cable routing.
v The following illustration shows the internal configuration cable routing.
v The following illustration shows the internal signal cable routing for installing a
ServeRAID adapter.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
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IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
4. For server models with sixteen 2.5-inch hot-swap hard disk drives.
v The following illustration shows the internal power cable routing.
v The following illustration shows the internal configuration cable routing.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
53
v The following illustration shows the internal signal cable routing for installing a
ServeRAID adapter and a ServeRAID expansion adapter.
Note: SAS expander card does not support 3 GB RAID adapters.
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IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
5. For server models with twenty-four 2.5-inch hot-swap hard disk drives.
v The following illustration shows the internal power cable routing.
v The following illustration shows the internal configuration cable routing.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
55
v The following illustration shows the internal signal cable routing for installing a
ServeRAID adapter and two ServeRAID expansion adapters.
Note:
– SAS expander card does not support 3 GB RAID adapters.
– When using ServeRAID adapter M1015 to support more than sixteen
2.5-inch hard disk drives, the maximum number of RAID supported drives
is 16. All the other drives will remain JBOD (the drives are presented to
the operating system without a RAID configuration).
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IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
Removing the left-side cover
Important: Before you install optional hardware, make sure that the server is
working correctly. Start the server, and make sure that the operating system starts,
if an operating system is installed, or that a 19990305 error code is displayed,
indicating that an operating system was not found but the server is otherwise
working correctly. If the server is not working correctly, see the Problem
Determination and Service Guide for diagnostic information.
To remove the cover, complete the following steps:
1. Read the safety information that begins on page vii and “Installation guidelines”
on page 35.
2. If you are planning to view the error LEDs that are on the system board and
components, leave the server connected to power and go directly to step 5.
3. Turn off the server and all attached devices.
4. Disconnect all external cables and power cords.
5. Using the supplied key, unlock the left-side cover.
6. Pull the cover-release latch down and rotate the top edge of the cover away
from the server.
Attention: For proper cooling and airflow, replace the cover before you turn
on the server. Operating the server for extended periods of time (more than 30
minutes) with the cover removed might damage server components.
7. Remove the left-side cover from the server.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
57
Opening the bezel media door
To open or remove the media door, complete the following steps:
1. Read the safety information that begins on page vii and “Installation guidelines”
on page 35.
2. Unlock the left-side cover.
Note: You must unlock the left-side cover to open or remove the bezel. When
you lock the left-side cover, it locks both the cover and the bezel.
3. Press the button on the left edge of the bezel, and rotate the left side of the
bezel away from the server.
4. From inside of the top section of the bezel door, slide the blue tab up to unlock
the bezel media door; then, grasp the depressed area on the left side of the
media door and pull the door open.
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IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
Note: To remove the media door from the bezel, push upward on the media
door hinge to remove it from the bezel.
5. When the media door is unlocked, the icon on the side of the bezel will be in
the unlocked position.
Media door icon
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
59
Removing the air baffle
To remove the air baffle, complete the following steps:
1. Read the safety information that begins on page vii and “Installation guidelines”
on page 35.
2. Turn off the server and all attached devices.
3. Disconnect all external cables and power cords.
4. Remove the left-side cover (see “Removing the left-side cover” on page 57 for
more information).
5. Remove the power supplies from the power-supply cage.
6. Unlatch the power-supply cage and rotate it out of the server until it locks.
7. Rotate the rear of the air baffle up ▌1▐. Find the pinch tab on the air baffle,
pinch it together with your fingers ▌2▐, and lift the air baffle out of the server
▌3▐.
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IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
Installing the air baffle
To install the air baffle, complete the following steps:
1. With the rear (hinged) part of the air baffle lifted up, align the positioning pins on
the ends of the air baffle with the locating holes in the server chassis and fan
cage assembly.
2. Slide the air baffle down into the server ▌1▐ until the positioning pins fit into the
locating holes; then, press down on the air baffle until the pinch tab clicks into
place.
3. Rotate the rear (hinged) part of the air baffle ▌2▐ down to the system board.
Note: Make sure that the power-supply cage cables are not caught under the
air baffle.
4. Return the power-supply cage to its closed position (see “Closing the
power-supply cage” on page 65).
5. Install the hot-swap power supply or power supplies (see “Installing a redundant
power supply and fans” on page 102).
6. Install and lock the left-side cover (see “Completing the installation” on page
105).
7. Reconnect the external cables and power cords; then, turn on the attached
devices and turn on the server.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
61
Installing the fan cage assembly
Attention:
v Replace a hot-swap fan within 30 seconds of removal.
v To ensure proper cooling and airflow, do not operate the server for more than 30
minutes with the side cover removed.
To install the fan cage assembly, complete the following steps.
1. Align the fan cage assembly with the guide rails on the sides of the chassis.
Note: Make sure that both release buttons click into place.
2. Slide the fan cage assembly into the chassis and press firmly until the fan cage
is seated firmly in place.
3. Install the air baffle (see “Installing the air baffle” on page 61).
4. Rotate the power-supply cage assembly back into the server. Press the
power-supply release tab and rotate the power-supply cage assembly into the
chassis.
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IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
63
Opening the power-supply cage
Opening the power-supply cage allows access to the air baffle, microprocessors,
and DIMMs. To open the power-supply cage, complete the following steps:
1. Read the safety information that begins on page vii, and “Handling
static-sensitive devices” on page 37.
2. Turn off the server and peripheral devices, and disconnect the power cords and
all external cables.
3. Press the release latch on the power supplies and pull them out of the
power-supply cage.
Hot-swap
power supply
Release
latch
4. Unlock and remove the left-side cover (see “Removing the left-side cover” on
page 57 for more information).
5. Pull up on the power-supply cage handle to unlock the cage; then, rotate the
cage out until it stops. The tab on the rear power-supply latch bracket clicks into
place when the cage is completely out of the way.
6. Let the power-supply cage rest on the rear power-supply latch bracket.
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IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
Closing the power-supply cage
To return the power-supply cage to its closed position, complete the following steps:
1. Rotate the power-supply cage slightly toward the rear side; then, push down on
the release tab on the rear power-supply support bracket.
Power supply
support bracket
Power supply
release tab
Attention: Be sure to move the cables out of the way of the power supply
cage before you start to move the cage back into the server.
2. Carefully rotate the power-supply cage into the server chassis. The locating tabs
on the power-supply cage must fit over the corresponding tabs on the front latch
bracket.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
65
Power-supply cage
front latch bracket
Power-supply cage
Power-supply
cage handle
Locating tabs
Notch
Locating tabs
3. Rotate the power-supply cage handle down until the handle tip engages the
notch in the front latch bracket; then, lower the handle until it locks in place.
Power supply
cage closed
4. Install and lock the left-side cover (see “Completing the installation” on page
105).
5. Install the hot-swap power supplies.
6. Reconnect the external cables and power cords; then, turn on the attached
devices and turn on the server.
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IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
Installing an adapter
The following notes describe the types of adapters that the server supports and
other information that you must consider when you install an adapter:
v Locate the documentation that comes with the adapter and follow those
instructions in addition to the instructions in this section. If you must change the
switch or jumper settings on the adapter, follow the instructions that come with
the adapter.
v Avoid touching the components and gold-edge connectors on the adapter.
v PCI slots 1 and 6 support half-length PCI adapters only.
v PCI slots 2, 3, 4, and 5 support full-height and full-length PCI adapters.
v The PCI Express extender card supports a full-length adapter.
v The PCI-X extender card supports two full-length adapters.
v PCI slots 1 and 5 support the RAID adapters.
v PCI slot 2 supports a VGA adapter.
v The PCI configuration:
– Slot 1 is a PCI Express x8 slot with x8 links, PCI Express Base Specification
Revision 2.0 compliant.
– Slot 2 is a PCI Express x16 slot with x8 links, PCI Express Base Specification
Revision 2.0 compliant.
– Slots 3 and 4 are PCI Express x8 slots with x4 links, PCI Express Base
Specification Revision 2.0 compliant.
– Slot 5 is a PCI Express x8 slot with x8 links, PCI Express Base Specification
Revision 2.0 compliant.
– Slot 6 is a PCI 33/32 slot, PCI 2.2 compliant.
– PCI Express extender card slot 7 is a PCI Express x8 slot with x4 links, PCI
Express 1.0a compliant.
Note: The PCI Express extender card comes standard on the System x3500
M3 server.
– PCI-X extender card slots 7 and 8 are PCI-X slots with 64/32 bits, 133/100/66
MHz from PXH.
v The system scans PCI slots 1 through 6 to assign system resources. The system
then starts (boots) the system devices in the following order, if you have not
changed the default boot precedence: integrated Ethernet controller,
ServeRAID-BR10i SAS adapter, and then PCI, PCI-X, and PCI Express slots.
Note: To change the boot precedence for PCI and PCI-X devices, start the
Setup utility and select Start Options from the main menu. See the “Starting the
Setup utility” on page 109 for details about using the Setup utility.
v The server uses a rotational interrupt technique to configure PCI adapters so that
you can install PCI adapters that do not support sharing of PCI interrupts.
Attention: Static electricity that is released to internal server components when
the server is powered-on might cause the server to stop, which might result in the
loss of data. To avoid this potential problem, always use an electrostatic-discharge
wrist strap or other grounding system when working inside the server with the
power on.
To install an adapter, complete the following steps:
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
67
1. Read the safety information that begins on page vii and “Installation guidelines”
on page 35.
2. Turn off the server and peripheral devices, and disconnect the power cords and
all external cables. Remove the left-side cover (see “Removing the left-side
cover” on page 57 for more information).
3. See the documentation that comes with the adapter for any cabling instructions
and information about jumper or switch settings. (It might be easier for you to
route cables before you install the adapter.)
4. Rotate the adapter-retention brackets to the open position.
5. Remove the expansion-slot cover.
6. If you are installing a full-length adapter, remove the blue adapter guide (if any)
from the end of the adapter. Otherwise, continue with the next step.
Adapter guide
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IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
7. Press the adapter firmly into the expansion slot, lower the adapter-retention
bracket, and make sure that the bracket is in the closed position.
Attention: Incomplete insertion might cause damage to the system board or
the adapter.
8. Connect any needed cables to the adapter.
If you have other devices to install or remove, do so now. Otherwise, go to
“Completing the installation” on page 105.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
69
Installing a DVD drive
1. To install a DVD drive on models with four 3.5-inch, eight 2.5-ich or
sixteen 2.5-inch hard disk drives, complete the following steps:
a. Read the safety information that begins on page vii and “Installation
guidelines” on page 35.
b. Turn off the server and peripheral devices and disconnect the power cords
and all external cables.
c. Unlock and remove the left-side cover (see “Removing the left-side cover”
on page 57).
d. Remove the fan cage assembly.
e. Open the bezel by pressing the button on the left edge of the bezel, and
rotate the left side of the bezel away from the server.
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IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
f. Remove the EMC shield from the bay in which you want to install the drive.
Note: If you are installing a drive that contains a laser, observe the following
safety precaution.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
71
Statement 3:
CAUTION:
When laser products (such as CD-ROMs, DVD drives, fiber optic
devices, or transmitters) are installed, note the following:
v Do not remove the covers. Removing the covers of the laser product
could result in exposure to hazardous laser radiation. There are no
serviceable parts inside the device.
v Use of controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other
than those specified herein might result in hazardous radiation
exposure.
DANGER
Some laser products contain an embedded Class 3A or Class 3B
laser diode. Note the following.
Laser radiation when open. Do not stare into the beam, do not view
directly with optical instruments, and avoid direct exposure to the
beam.
Class 1 Laser Product
Laser Klasse 1
Laser Klass 1
Luokan 1 Laserlaite
Appareil A` Laser de Classe 1
g. Touch the static-protective package that contains the DVD drive to any
unpainted metal surface on the server; then, remove the DVD drive from the
package and place it on a static-protective surface.
h. Set any jumpers or switches on the drive according to the documentation
that comes with the drive.
Note: You might find it easier to install the new drive from the front and
then attach the cables.
i. Remove the blue optical drive rails from the inside of the drive bay in which
you want to install the drive. Align the holes on the blue optical drive rails
with the pins on the side of the drive and snap the optical drive rails onto the
drive.
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IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
j. If you are installing a 5.25-in drive in bay 2, push the drive into the bay until
it locks into place. If you are installing a 3.5-in drive in bay 2, attach the
5.25-in conversion kit and push the drive into the drive bay.
k. Connect power and signal cables to the drive and the connectors on the
system board. (See “System-board internal connectors” on page 23 and
“Internal cable routing and connectors” on page 38 for more information.)
l. Route the signal cable through the plastic slot on the bottom of the chassis
underneath the fan cage assembly so that it does not block the airflow.
m. Reinstall the fan cage assembly.
n. Reinstall the air baffle (see “Installing the air baffle” on page 61).
o. Rotate the power-supply cage assembly back into the server. Press the
power-supply cage release tab and rotate the power-supply cage assembly
into the chassis.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
73
p. If you have another drive to install or remove, do so now.
q. Replace the left-side cover and bezel; then, lock the side cover and bezel.
r. Reconnect the external cables and power cords.
2. To install the UltraSlim DVD drive on models with eight 3.5-inch, complete
the following steps:
v Locate the documentation that comes with the drive and follow those
instructions in addition to the instructions in this chapter.
v Make sure that you have all the cables and other equipment that are
specified in the documentation that comes with the drive.
v The server supports one ultra-slim SATA optical drive.
a. If you are replacing a drive, make sure that:
v You have all the cables and other equipment that are specified in the
documentation that comes with the new drive.
v You have checked the instructions that come with the new drive to
determine whether you must set any switches or jumpers in the drive.
v You have removed the blue optical drive rails from the side of the old
drive and have them available for installation on the new drive.
Note: If you are installing a drive that contains a laser, observe the
following safety precaution.
Statement 3:
CAUTION:
When laser products (such as CD-ROMs, DVD drives, fiber optic
devices, or transmitters) are installed, note the following:
v Do not remove the covers. Removing the covers of the laser product
could result in exposure to hazardous laser radiation. There are no
serviceable parts inside the device.
v Use of controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other
than those specified herein might result in hazardous radiation
exposure.
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IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
DANGER
Some laser products contain an embedded Class 3A or Class 3B
laser diode. Note the following.
Laser radiation when open. Do not stare into the beam, do not view
directly with optical instruments, and avoid direct exposure to the
beam.
Class 1 Laser Product
Laser Klasse 1
Laser Klass 1
Luokan 1 Laserlaite
Appareil A` Laser de Classe 1
b. Touch the static-protective package that contains the UltraSlim DVD drive to
any unpainted metal surface on the server; then, remove the UltraSlim DVD
drive from the package.
c. Read the safety information that begins on page vii and “Installation
guidelines” on page 35.
d. Turn off the server and peripheral devices, and disconnect the power cords
and all external cables.
e. Unlock and remove the left-side cover (see “Removing the left-side cover”
on page 57).
f. Remove the fan cage assembly.
g. Open the bezel by pressing the button on the left edge of the bezel, and
rotate the left side of the bezel away from the server.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
75
h. Rotate the power-supply cage assembly out of the chassis. Lift up the
power-supply cage handle and pull the power-supply cage assembly all the
way up until the retainer latch locks the cage in place on the chassis.
i. Disconnect the power and signal cables of the DVD drive from the system
board.
j.
76
Pull the power and signal cables of the UltraSlim DVD drive through the slim
slot on top of the 3.5-inch hard disk drive cage.
IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
k. Connect the power and signal cables to the UltraSlim DVD drive. (See
“Internal cable routing and connectors” on page 38 for more information.)
l. Attach the drive retention clip to the side of the new drive.
m. Slide the UltraSlim DVD drive into the slim slot on top of the 3.5-inch disk
drive cage until the drive clicks into place.
Note: Pull the power and signal cables of the UltraSlim DVD drive into the
slim slot on top of the cage first. Make sure the cables are not stuck when
you slide the UltraSlim DVD drive into the cage.
n. Slide the 3.5-inch disk drive cage into the upper opening of the server along
the lower edge of the opening.
Note: Pull the power and signal cables of the UltraSlim DVD drive into the
upper opening of the server first. Make sure the cables are not stuck when
you slide the disk drive cage into the server.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
77
o. Secure the 3.5-inch disk drive cage with the screws.
p. Reconnect the power and signal cables of the UltraSlim DVD drive to the
system board. (See “Internal cable routing and connectors” on page 38 for
more information.)
q. Reinstall the air baffle.
r. Reinstall the fan cage assembly.
s. Rotate the power-supply cage assembly back into the server. Press the
power-supply cage release tab and rotate the power-supply cage assembly
into the chassis.
t. Close the bezel.
u. Install and lock the left-side cover (see “Completing the installation” on page
105).
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IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
v. Reconnect the external cables and power cords; then, turn on the attached
devices and turn on the server.
If you have other devices to install or remove, do so now. Otherwise, go to
“Completing the installation” on page 105.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
79
Installing a USB or SATA tape drive
The server supports USB and SATA tape drives. When you install a tape drive, be
sure to connect the internal tape cable to the correct connector on the system
board.
To install a tape drive, complete the following steps:
1. Read the safety information that begins on page vii and “Installation guidelines”
on page 35.
2. Turn off the server and peripheral devices, and disconnect the power cords
and all external cables.
3. Unlock and remove the left-side cover (see “Removing the left-side cover” on
page 57 for more information).
4. Open the bezel by pressing the button on the left edge of the bezel, and rotate
the left side of the bezel away from the server.
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IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
5. Remove the EMC shields from the drive bays.
6. Find the blue drive rails in the server bay and install one on each side of the
tape drive.
7. Slide the tape drive into the server.
8. Close the bezel.
9. Remove the power supplies from the rear of the server.
10. Carefully lay the server down on its side.
11. Open the power-supply cage (see “Opening the power-supply cage” on page
64 for more information).
12. Remove the air baffle (see “Removing the air baffle” on page 60 for more
information).
13. Remove the fan cage assembly.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
81
14. If the tape drive came with screws, secure the drive to the server chassis,
using the supplied screws.
15. Connect one end of the tape drive cable to the USB or SATA connector on the
system board, depending upon the type of tape drive that you are installing;
then, route the cable through the cable holders on the inside of the server and
connect the opposite end of the cable to the back of the tape drive (see
“Internal cable routing and connectors” on page 38 for more information.)
Note: If you are installing an RDX internal USB tape drive, use the
SATA-to-traditional power converter cable to serve as a bridge between the
optical power cable and the power connector on the RDX tape drive.
16. Connect the power cable to the tape drive and to the connector on the system
board (see “Internal cable routing and connectors” on page 38 for more
information.)
17. Reinstall the fan cage assembly.
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IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
18. Reinstall the air baffle (see “Installing the air baffle” on page 61.)
19. Reinstall or close the power-supply cage (see “Closing the power-supply cage”
on page 65 for more information).
20. Reinstall the power supplies.
21. Replace the left-side cover; then, lock the side cover and bezel.
22. Reconnect the external cables and power cords.
If you have other devices to install or remove, do so now. Otherwise, go to
“Completing the installation” on page 105.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
83
Installing a hot-swap hard disk drive
The following notes describe the types of hard disk drives that the server supports
and other information that you must consider when you install a hard disk drive:
v The server supports up to twenty-four 2.5-inch, SAS/SATA hot-swap hard disk
drives or up to eight 3.5-inch, SAS/SATA hot-swap hard disk drives in the
standard hot-swap bays depending on your model.
Note:
– SAS expander card does not support 3 GB RAID adapters.
– When using ServeRAID adapter M1015 to support more than sixteen 2.5-inch
hard disk drives, the maximum number of RAID supported drives is 16. All the
other drives will remain JBOD (the drives are presented to the operating
system without a RAID configuration).
– If the server is configured for RAID operation using a ServeRAID adapter, you
might have to reconfigure your disk arrays after you install drives. See the
ServeRAID adapter documentation for additional information about RAID
operation and complete instructions for using the ServeRAID adapter.
v The hot-swap drives are arranged horizontally in the standard hard disk drive
cage.
v On models with 2.5-inch hard disk drives, the drive numbers are 0 through 7
(right to left). 8 through 15 (right to left). 16 through 23 (right to left). When you
install hard disk drives, start with drive 0.
v On models with four 3.5-inch hard disk drives, the drive numbers are 0 through 3
(left to right). On models with eight 3.5-inch hard disk drives, hard disk drive cage
for drive 4 through 7 (left to right) is added.
v For a list of supported optional devices for the server, see http://www.ibm.com/
servers/eserver/serverproven/compat/us/ .
v Inspect the drive tray for signs of damage.
v Make sure that the drive is correctly installed in the tray.
v See the documentation for the ServeRAID adapter for instructions for installing a
hard disk drive.
Note: For proper cooling, do not install any card in the slot next in sequence to
a ServeRAID adapter with battery backup module (for example, if a ServeRAID
adapter with battery backup module is installed in slot 2, do not install any card
in slot 3).
v All hot-swap drives in the server must have the same throughput speed rating;
using drives with different speed ratings might cause all drives to operate at the
speed of the slowest drive.
v To minimize the possibility of damage to the hard disk drives when you are
installing them in a rack configuration, install the server in the rack before you
install the hard disk drives.
v You do not have to turn off the server to install hot-swap drives in the hot-swap
drive bays. However, you must turn off the server when you perform any steps
that involve installing or removing cables.
v The drive ID of each hot-swap hard disk drive is printed on the hard disk drive
cage.
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IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
To install a hot-swap hard disk drive, complete the following steps:
1. Read the safety information that begins on page vii and “Installation guidelines”
on page 35.
2. Remove the filler panel from one of the empty hot-swap bays.
3. Make sure that the drive handle is open; then, slide the hard disk drive into the
hot-swap bay.
4. Push the drive handle in until it latches.
Notes:
1. When you turn on the server, check the hard disk drive status LEDs to verify
that the hard disk drive is operating correctly.
If the amber hard disk drive status LED is lit continuously, that drive is faulty
and must be replaced. If the green hard disk drive activity LED is flashing, the
drive is being accessed.
2. If the server is configured for RAID operation through an optional ServeRAID
adapter, you might have to reconfigure your disk arrays after you install hard
disk drives. See the ServeRAID documentation on the IBM ServeRAID Support
CD for additional information about RAID operation and complete instructions
for using ServeRAID Manager.
If you have other devices to install or remove, do so now. Otherwise, go to
“Completing the installation” on page 105.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
85
Installing a memory module
Attention:
Do not mix UDIMMs and RDIMMs in the same server.
The following notes describe the types of dual inline memory modules (DIMMs) that
your server supports and other information that you must consider when you install
DIMMs.
v The server supports industry-standard double-data-rate 3 (DDR3), 800, 1066, or
1333 MHz, PC3-10600R-999 (single-, dual-, or quad-rank), registered,
synchronous dynamic random-access memory (SDRAM) dual inline memory
modules (DIMMs) with error correcting code (ECC). See http://www.ibm.com/
servers/eserver/serverproven/compat/us/ for a list of supported memory modules
for the server.
v At least one DIMM must be installed for the server to operate, but three DIMMs
per microprocessor improves server performance.
v When two microprocessors are installed in the server, distribute the DIMMs
between the two microprocessors to improve server performance.
v The server supports a maximum of 16 single-, dual-, or quad-rank DIMMs. The
maximum number of quad-rank DIMMs the server supports is 12.
v The maximum number of single-, dual-rank, ECC supported UDIMM the server
supports is 12.
v The memory controller has three registered DIMM channels per microprocessor
(channels 0, 1, and 2). Channels 0 and 1 support three DIMMS, and channel 2
supports two DIMMs.
v Install DIMMs starting with the connector farthest from the microprocessor within
each channel.
v When you install a quad-ranked DIMM in a channel with single- or dual-ranked
DIMMs, install the quad-ranked DIMM in the connector farthest from the
microprocessor.
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IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
v The server supports 1 GB, 2 GB, 4 GB, 8 GB, and 16 GB DIMMs, with a
minimum of 1 GB and a maximum of 192 GB of system memory.
For 32-bit operating systems only: Some memory is reserved for various
system resources and is unavailable to the operating system. The amount of
memory that is reserved for system resources depends on the operating system,
the configuration of the server, and the configured PCI devices.
Note: If you install a ServeRAID-M1015 SAS/SATA adapter, make sure at least 2
GB of memory is installed in the server before you run DSA from a bootable CD.
v The maximum operating speed of the server is determined by the slowest DIMM
in the server.
v The server can operate in three modes: sparing, mirroring and independent
channel modes.
Note: Memory sparing is only available for Intel Xeon 5600 series
microprocessor.
In two-DIMM-per-channel configuration, a server with an Intel Xeon X5600 series
microprocessor automatically operates with a maximum memory speed of up to
1333 MHz when one of the following conditions is met:
v Two 1.5 V single-rank or dual-rank RDIMMs are installed in the same channel. In
the Setup utility, Memory speed is set to Max performance mode
v Two 1.35 V single-rank or dual-ranl RDIMMs are installed in the same channel.
In the Setup utility, Memory speed is set to Max performance and LV-DIMM
power is set to Enhance performance mode. The 1.35 V RDIMMs will function
at 1.5 V
The following notes describe the types of DIMMs that the server supports and other
information that you must consider when you install DIMMs.
v When you install or remove DIMMs, the server configuration information
changes. When you restart the server, the system displays a message that
indicates that the memory configuration has changed.
v The server supports only industry-standard double-data-rate 3 (DDR3), 800,
1066, or 1333 MHz, PC3-10600R-999, registered or unbuffered, synchronous
dynamic random-access memory (SDRAM) dual inline memory modules (DIMMs)
with error correcting code (ECC). See http://www.ibm.com/servers/eserver/
serverproven/compat/us/ for a list of supported memory modules for the server.
– The specifications of a DDR3 DIMM are on a label on the DIMM, in the
following format.
ggg eRxff-PC3-wwwwwm-aa-bb-cc
where:
ggg is the total capacity of the DIMM (for example, 1GB, 2GB, or 4GB)
e is the number of ranks
1 = single-rank
2 = dual-rank
4 = quad-rank
ff is the device organization (bit width)
4 = x4 organization (4 DQ lines per SDRAM)
8 = x8 organization
16 = x16 organization
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
87
wwwww is the DIMM bandwidth, in MBps
6400 = 6.40 GBps (PC3-800 SDRAMs, 8-byte primary data bus)
8500 = 8.53 GBps (PC3-1066 SDRAMs, 8-byte primary data bus)
10600 = 10.66 GBps (PC3-1333 SDRAMs, 8-byte primary data bus)
12800 = 12.80 GBps PC3-1600 SDRAMs, 8-byte primary data bus)
m is the DIMM type
E = Unbuffered DIMM (UDIMM) with ECC (x72-bit module data bus)
R = Registered DIMM (RDIMM)
U = Unbuffered DIMM with no ECC (x64-bit primary data bus)
aa is the CAS latency, in clocks at maximum operating frequency
bb is the JEDEC SPD Revision Encoding and Additions level
cc is the reference design file for the design of the DIMM
d is the revision number of the reference design of the DIMM
Note: To determine the type of a DIMM, see the label on the DIMM. The
information on the label is in the format xxxxx nRxxx PC3-xxxxx-xx-xx-xxx. The
numeral in the sixth numerical position indicates whether the DIMM is single-rank
(n=1), dual-rank (n=2), or quad-rank (n=4).
v The following rules apply to DDR3 DIMM speed as it relates to the number of
DIMMs in a channel:
– When you install 1 DIMM per channel, the memory runs at 1333 MHz
– When you install 2 DIMMs per channel, the memory runs at 1066 MHz
– When you install 3 DIMMs per channel, the memory runs at 800 MHz
– All channels in a server run at the fastest common frequency
– Do not install registered and unbuffered DIMMs in the same server
v The maximum memory speed is determined by the combination of the
microprocessor, DIMM speed, and the number of DIMMs installed in each
channel.
v In two-DIMM-per-channel configuration, a server with an Intel Xeon X5600 series
microprocessor automatically operates with a maximum memory speed of up to
1333 MHz when one of the following conditions is met:
– Two 1.5 V single-rank or dual-rank RDIMMs are installed in the same channel.
In the Setup utility, Memory speed is set to Max performance mode
– Two 1.35 V single-rank or dual-ranl RDIMMs are installed in the same
channel. In the Setup utility, Memory speed is set to Max performance and
LV-DIMM power is set to Enhance performance mode. The 1.35 V RDIMMs
will function at 1.5 V
v The server supports a maximum of 16 single-rank or dual-rank RDIMMs. The
server supports up to 12 single-rank or dual-rank UDIMMs or quad-rank
RDIMMs.
v The server supports three single-rank or dual-rank DIMMs per channel on
channel 0 and 1, two single-rank or dual-rank DIMMs on channel 2. The server
supports a maximum of two quad-rank RDIMMs per channel. The following table
shows an example of the maximum amount of memory that you can install using
ranked DIMMs:
Table 5. Maximum memory installation using ranked DIMMs
88
Number of DIMMs
DIMM type
DIMM size
Total memory
12
Single-rank UDIMMs
2 GB
24 GB
IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
Table 5. Maximum memory installation using ranked DIMMs (continued)
Number of DIMMs
DIMM type
DIMM size
Total memory
12
Dual-rank UDIMMs
4 GB
48 GB
16
Single-rank RDIMMs
2 GB
32 GB
16
Dual-rank RDIMMs
2 GB
32 GB
16
Dual-rank RDIMMs
4 GB
64 GB
16
Dual-rank RDIMMs
8 GB
128 GB
12
Quad-rank RDIMMs
16 GB
192 GB
v The RDIMM options that are available for the server are 1 GB, 2 GB, 4 GB, 8
GB, and 16 GB. The server supports a minimum of 1 GB and a maximum of 192
GB of system memory using RDIMMs.
For 32-bit operating systems only: Some memory is reserved for various
system resources and is unavailable to the operating system. The amount of
memory that is reserved for system resources depends on the operating system,
the configuration of the server, and the configured PCI devices.
v The UDIMM options that are available for the server are 1 GB, 2 GB and 4 GB.
The server supports a minimum of 1 GB and a maximum of 48 GB of system
memory using UDIMMs.
Note: The amount of usable memory is reduced depending on the system
configuration. A certain amount of memory must be reserved for system
resources. To view the total amount of installed memory and the amount of
configured memory, run the Setup utility. For additional information, see
Chapter 3, “Configuring the server,” on page 107.
v When you install one quad-rank RDIMM in a channel, install it in the DIMM
connector furthest away from the microprocessor.
v Do not install one quad-rank RDIMM in one channel and three RDIMMs in
another channel.
Independent channel mode
The server requires at least one installed DIMM. The server comes with a minimum
of two 1 GB DIMMs, installed in connectors 3 and 6. Connector 3 (in channel 0)
and connector 6 (in channel 1) are the farthest connectors from microprocessor 1 in
those channels. When you install additional DIMMs, install them in the order shown
in Table 6, to maintain server performance.
Note:
v Memory sparing is only available for Intel Xeon 5600 series microprocessor.
v If you have configured the server to use memory mirroring or sparing, do not use
the order shown in this table; use the installation order that is shown in Table 8
on page 91.
v If you install a ServeRAID-M1015 SAS/SATA adapter, make sure at least 2 GB of
memory is installed in the server before you run DSA from a bootable CD.
Table 6. DIMM installation sequence for independent channel mode
Installed microprocessors
DIMM connector population sequence
Microprocessor 1
3, 6, 8, 2, 5, 7, 1, 4
Microprocessor 1 and Microprocessor 2
3, 11, 6, 14, 8, 16, 2, 10, 5, 13, 7, 15, 1, 9,
4, 12
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
89
Memory-mirroring mode
Memory-mirroring mode replicates and stores data on two pairs of DIMMs within
two channels simultaneously. If a failure occurs, the memory controller switches
from the primary pair of memory DIMMs to the backup pair of DIMMs. You must
enable memory mirroring through the Setup utility. For details about enabling
memory mirroring, see “Using the Setup utility” on page 108. When you use the
memory-mirroring feature, consider the following information:
v When you use memory mirroring, you must install a pair of DIMMs at a time.
One DIMM must be in channel 0, and the mirroring DIMM must be in the same
connector in channel 1. The two DIMMs in each pair must be identical in size,
type, rank (single, dual, or quad), and organization. They do not have to be
identical in speed. The channels run at the speed of the slowest DIMM in any of
the channels. See Table 8 on page 91 for the DIMM connectors that are in each
pair.
v Channel 2, DIMM connectors 7, 8, 15, and 16 are not used in memory-mirroring
mode.
v The maximum amount of available memory is reduced to half of the amount of
installed memory when memory mirroring is enabled. For example, if you install
64 GB of memory, only 32 GB of addressable memory is available when you use
memory mirroring.
The following illustration shows the memory channel interface layout with the DIMM
installation sequence for memory-mirroring mode. The numbers within the boxes
indicate the DIMM population sequence in pairs within the channels, and the
numbers next to the boxes indicate the DIMM connectors within the channels. For
example, the following illustration shows that the first pair of DIMMs (indicated by 1s
inside the boxes) should be installed in DIMM connector 3 on channel 0 and DIMM
connector 6 on channel 1. DIMM connectors 7, 8, 15, and 16 on channel 2 are not
used in memory-mirroring mode.
Figure 8. Memory channel interface layout
The following table lists the DIMM connectors on each memory channel.
Table 7. Connectors on each memory channel
90
Memory channel
DIMM connectors
Channel 0
1, 2, 3, 9, 10, 11
Channel 1
4, 5, 6, 12, 13, 14
Channel 2 (not used in memory mirroring)
7, 8, 15, 16
IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
The following illustration shows the memory connector layout that is associated with
each microprocessor. For example, DIMM connectors 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, and
16 (DIMM connectors are shown underneath the boxes) are associated with
microprocessor 2 socket (CPU2), and DIMM connectors 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8
are associated with microprocessor 1 socket (CPU1). The numbers within the boxes
indicate the installation sequence of the DIMM pairs. For example, the first DIMM
pair (indicated within the boxes by 1s) should be installed in DIMM connectors 3
and 6, which are associated with microprocessor 1 (CPU1).
Note: You can install DIMMs for microprocessor 2 as soon as you install
microprocessor 2; you do not have to wait until all of the DIMM connectors for
microprocessor 1 are filled.
The following table lists the installation sequence for installing DIMMs in
memory-mirroring mode.
Table 8. Memory-mirroring mode DIMM population sequence
DIMMs
Number of installed
microprocessors
DIMM connector
First pair of DIMMs
1
3, 6
Second pair of DIMMs
1
2, 5
Third pair of DIMMs
1
1, 4
Fourth pair of DIMMs
2
14, 11
Fifth pair of DIMMs
2
13, 10
Sixth pair of DIMMs
2
12, 9
Note: DIMM connectors 7, 8, 15, and 16 are not used in memory-mirroring mode.
When you install or remove DIMMs, the server configuration information changes.
When you restart the server, the system displays a message that indicates that the
memory configuration has changed.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
91
The following illustration shows how to install DIMMs on the system board.
Attention: Static electricity that is released to internal server components when
the server is powered-on might cause the server to stop, which might result in the
loss of data. To avoid this potential problem, always use an electrostatic-discharge
wrist strap or other grounding system when you work inside the server with the
power on.
To install a DIMM, complete the following steps:
1. Read the safety information that begins on page vii and “Installation guidelines”
on page 35.
2. Turn off the server and peripheral devices; then, disconnect the power cords
and all external cables.
3. Remove the left-side cover (see “Removing the left-side cover” on page 57).
4. Remove the hot-swap power supply or power supplies from the server.
5. Pull up the power-supply cage handle, and then swing the power-supply cage
out of the server (see “Opening the power-supply cage” on page 64 for more
information).
6. Remove the air baffle from the server (see “Removing the air baffle” on page
60 for more information).
7. Open the retaining clip on each end of the DIMM connector.
Attention: To avoid breaking the DIMM retaining clips or damaging the
DIMM connectors, open and close the clips gently.
8. Touch the static-protective package that contains the DIMM to any unpainted
metal surface on the outside of the server. Then, remove the DIMM from the
package.
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IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
9. Turn the DIMM so that the DIMM keys align correctly with the connector.
10. Insert the DIMM into the connector by aligning the edges of the DIMM with the
slots at the ends of the DIMM connector. Firmly press the DIMM straight down
into the connector by applying pressure on both ends of the DIMM
simultaneously. The retaining clips snap into the locked position when the
DIMM is firmly seated in the connector. If there is a gap between the DIMM
and the retaining clips, the DIMM has not been correctly inserted; open the
retaining clips, remove the DIMM, and then reinsert it.
11. Reinstall the air baffle (see “Installing the air baffle” on page 61 for more
information).
12. Reinstall the power-supply cage.
13. Reinstall the left-side cover (see “Completing the installation” on page 105).
14. Reinstall the power supplies.
15. Reconnect the power cords and external cables.
If you have other devices to install or remove, do so now. Otherwise, go to
“Completing the installation” on page 105.
Memory sparing
The server supports memory sparing. This feature disables the failed memory from
the system configuration and activates a DIMM to replace the failed active DIMM.
You can enable either memory sparing or memory mirroring in the Setup utility (see
“Using the Setup utility” on page 108). When you use the memory sparing feature,
consider the following information:
v The memory sparing feature is supported on server models with an Intel Xeon™
5600 series microprocessor.
v When you enable the memory sparing feature, you must install three DIMMs per
microprocessor at a time. The first DIMM must be in channel 0, the second
DIMM in channel 1, and the spare DIMM in channel 2. The DIMMs must be
identical in size, type, rank, and organization, but not in speed. The channels run
at the speed of the slowest DIMM in any of the channels.
v The maximum available memory is reduced to 2/3 of the installed memory when
memory sparing mode is enabled. For example, if you install 72 GB of memory
using RDIMMs, only 48 GB of addressable memory is available when you use
memory sparing.
The following table shows the installation sequence for installing DIMMs for each
microprocessor and the sparing DIMM in memory online-spare mode:
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
93
Table 9. Memory sparing mode DIMM population sequence
DIMMs
Number of installed
microprocessors
DIMM slots
1st set of DIMMs
1
3, 6, 8
2nd set of DIMMs
1
2, 5, 7
3rd set of DIMMs
2
11, 14, 16
4th set of DIMMs
2
10, 13, 15
Notes:
1. The 3rd and 4th sets of DIMMs can be installed right after microprocessor 2 is
installed even 1st and 2nd sets of DIMM slots are not full.
2. DIMM slots 1, 4, 9, and 12 are not used in memory sparing mode.
Installing an optional ServeRAID adapter advanced feature key
To install an optional ServeRAID adapter advanced feature key, complete the
following steps:
1. Read the safety information that begins on page vii and “Installation guidelines”
on page 35.
2. Turn off the server and peripheral devices and disconnect the power cords.
3. Remove the left-side cover (see “Removing the left-side cover” on page 57).
4. Rotate the adapter-retention brackets to the open position.
5. Align the upgrade key with the connector on the ServeRAID adapter and push it
into the connector until it is firmly seated.
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IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
6. Close the rear adapter-retention bracket.
7. Install and lock the left-side cover (see “Completing the installation” on page
105).
8. Reconnect the external cables and power cords; then, turn on the attached
devices and turn on the server.
Installing a USB embedded hypervisor flash device
To install a hypervisor flash device, complete the following steps:
1. Read the safety information that begins on page vii and “Installation guidelines”
on page 35.
2. Turn off the server and peripheral devices and disconnect the power cords.
3. Remove the left-side cover (see “Removing the left-side cover” on page 57).
4. Unlock the retention latch by pushing it down toward the system board.
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5. Align the flash device with the USB connector on the system board and push it
into the USB connector until it is firmly seated.
6. Return the retention latch to the locked position by pulling it away from the
system board.
7. Reconnect the power cord and any cables that you removed.
8. Install and lock the left-side cover (see “Completing the installation” on page
105).
9. Turn on the peripheral devices and the server.
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Installing a second microprocessor
The following notes describe the type of microprocessor that the server supports
and other information that you must consider when you install a microprocessor:
v The server supports certain Intel Xeon scalable multi-core microprocessors,
which are designed for the LGA 1366 socket. These microprocessors are 64-bit
dual-core or quad-core microprocessors with an integrated memory controller,
quick-path interconnect, and shared last cache. See http://www.ibm.com/servers/
eserver/serverproven/compat/us/ for a list of supported microprocessors.
v The server supports up to two microprocessors. If the server comes with one
microprocessor, you can install a second microprocessor.
v Both microprocessors must have the same QuickPath Interconnect (QPI) link
speed, integrated memory controller frequency, core frequency, power segment,
cache size, and type.
v Read the documentation that comes with the microprocessor to determine
whether you must update the server firmware for the server. To download the
most current level of server firmware and many other code updates for your
server, complete the following steps:
1. Go to http://www.ibm.com/systems/support/.
2. Under Product support, click System x.
3. Under Popular links, click Software and device drivers.
4. Click System x3500 M3 to display the matrix of downloadable files for the
server.
v (Optional) Obtain an SMP-capable operating system. For a list of supported
operating systems and optional devices, see http://www.ibm.com/servers/eserver/
serverproven/compat/us/.
v To order additional microprocessor optional devices, contact your IBM marketing
representative or authorized reseller.
v The microprocessor speeds are automatically set for this server; therefore, you
do not have to set any microprocessor frequency-selection jumpers or switches.
v If you have to replace a microprocessor, call for service.
v If the thermal-grease protective cover (for example, a plastic cap or tape liner) is
removed from the heat sink, do not touch the thermal grease on the bottom of
the heat sink or set down the heat sink.
v Do not remove the first microprocessor from the system board to install the
second microprocessor.
v Some models support dual-core processors and quad-core processors. Do not
use dual-core processors and quad-core processors in the same system. Install
all dual-core or all quad-core processors in the server.
The following illustration shows the microprocessor socket locations on the system
board.
Chapter 2. Installing optional devices
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Attention:
1. A startup (boot) microprocessor must always be installed in microprocessor
socket 1 on the system board.
2. To ensure correct server operation when you install an additional
microprocessor, use microprocessors that are compatible and install at least one
DIMM in a DIMM connector for microprocessor 2 (starting with the connector
farthest from the microprocessor). (See “Installing a memory module” on page
86 for more information.)
To install a microprocessor, complete the following steps:
1. Read the safety information that begins on page vii and “Installation guidelines”
on page 35.
2. Turn off the server and peripheral devices; then, disconnect the power cords
and all external cables. Remove the left-side cover (see “Removing the
left-side cover” on page 57 for more information).
3. Remove the hot-swap power supplies from the server.
4. Open the power-supply cage (see “Opening the power-supply cage” on page
64 for more information).
5. Remove the air baffle (see “Removing the air baffle” on page 60 for more
information).
6. Locate the second microprocessor socket on the system board.
Attention: The microprocessor retention latch is spring-loaded when the
microprocessor is in place. Releasing the latch too quickly or allowing it to
spring upward can damage the microprocessor and surrounding components.
7. Release the microprocessor retention latch by pressing down on the end,
moving it to the side, and slowly releasing it to the fully open (up) position.
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8. Open the microprocessor bracket frame by lifting up the tab on the top edge.
Attention:
a. Do not touch the microprocessor contacts; handle the microprocessor by
the edges only. Contaminants on the microprocessor contacts, such as oil
from your skin, can cause connection failures between the contacts and
the socket.
b. Handle the microprocessor carefully. Dropping the microprocessor during
installation or removal can damage the contacts.
c. Do not use excessive force when you press the microprocessor into the
socket.
d. Make sure that the microprocessor is oriented, aligned, and positioned in
the socket before you try to close the lever.
9. Install the microprocessor:
a. Touch the static-protective package that contains the microprocessor to any
unpainted metal surface on the server. Then, remove the microprocessor
from the package.
b. Remove the protective cover, tape, or label from the surface of the
microprocessor socket, if any is present.
c. Align the microprocessor with the socket. The microprocessor has two
notches that are keyed to two tabs on the sides of the socket. A
triangle-shaped indicator on one corner of the microprocessor points to a
45-degree angle on one corner of the socket.
d. Carefully place the microprocessor into the socket. Do not use excessive
force when you press the microprocessor into the socket.
Note: The microprocessor fits only one way on the socket.
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10. Close the microprocessor bracket frame; then, close the microprocessor
retention latch and lock it securely in place.
11. Close the microprocessor-release lever to secure the microprocessor.
12. Install a heat sink on the microprocessor.
Attention: Do not touch the thermal grease on the bottom of the heat sink or
set down the heat sink after you remove the plastic cover. Touching the
thermal grease will contaminate it. If the thermal grease is contaminated, call
IBM service and support to request a replacement thermal grease kit. For
information about installing the replacement thermal grease, see the Problem
Determination and Service Guide.
a. Make sure that the heat-sink release lever is in the fully open position.
b. Remove the plastic protective cover from the bottom of the heat sink.
c. Align the heat sink above the microprocessor, using the alignment key on
the heat sink, with the thermal-grease side down.
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d. Slide the rear flange of the heat sink into the opening in the retainer
bracket.
e. Press down firmly on the front of the heat sink until it is seated securely.
f. Rotate the heat-sink release lever to the closed position and hook it
underneath the lock tab.
13. Install a VRM in the connector next to microprocessor socket 2 (see
“System-board internal connectors” on page 23 for the VRM connector
location).
Note: A VRM must be installed when a second microprocessor is installed in
order to power on the server.
a. Open the retaining clips on each end of the VRM connector.
b. Turn the VRM so that the keys align with the connector.
c. Insert the VRM into the connector by aligning the edges of the VRM with
the slots at the end of the VRM connector. Firmly press the VRM straight
down into the connector by applying pressure on both ends of the VRM
simultaneously. The retaining clips snap into the locked position when the
VRM is seated in the connector.
14. Reinstall the air baffle (see “Installing the air baffle” on page 61).
15. Close the power-supply cage (see “Closing the power-supply cage” on page
65).
16. Reinstall the hot-swap power supplies.
17. Reinstall the left-side cover (see “Completing the installation” on page 105).
18. Reconnect the external cables and power cords.
If you have other devices to install or remove, do so now. Otherwise, go to
“Completing the installation” on page 105.
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Installing a redundant power supply and fans
You can install a second 920-watt hot-swap power supply. This upgrade option
includes a hot-swap power supply and three hot-swap fans. You must also
purchase a second power cord to connect the power supply to a power source.
To install the redundant power and cooling option, complete the following steps:
1. Read the safety information that begins on page vii and “Installation guidelines”
on page 35.
2. Remove the left-side cover (see “Removing the left-side cover” on page 57 for
more information).
Attention: To ensure proper system cooling, do not leave the cover off the
server for more than 2 minutes.
3. Carefully lay the server on its side so that it is lying flat and facing up.
Note: Do not allow the server to fall over.
4. Remove the three fan air baffles from the fan bays of the fan cage assembly
with your finger. Slide the orange release tab in the direction indicated by the
arrow on top of the fan to unlock the fan handle. Grasp the fan handle and pull
the fan out of the fan cage assembly.
Hot-swap fan
5. If you are instructed to return the hot-swap fan, follow all packaging
instructions, and use any packaging materials for shipping that are supplied to
you.
6. Touch the static-protective package that contains the hot-swap fan to any
unpainted metal surface on the server; then, remove the fan from the package
and place it on a static-protective surface.
7. Align the fan over the fan slot and lower the fan into the slot in the fan cage.
8. Press down on the fan until it locks into place; then close the handle to the
locked position.
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Hot-swap fan
Fan air
baffle
Note: Replace a hot-swap fan within 30 seconds of removal.
Attention: Static electricity that is released to internal server components
when the server is powered-on might cause the server to halt, which could
result in the loss of data. To avoid this potential problem, always use an
electrostatic-discharge wrist strap or other grounding system when working
inside the server with the power on.
9. Remove the power-supply filler from the second power-supply bay.
10. Slide the new power supply partially into the empty power-supply bay. Pinch
the orange release latch and push the power supply the rest of the way into
the bay until it is seated.
11. Install the left-side cover (see “Completing the installation” on page 105).
12. Connect one end of the new power cord into the connector on the back of
power supply, and connect the other end of the power cord to a properly
grounded electrical outlet.
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13. Make sure that the AC power LED on the top of each power supply is lit,
indicating that the power supply is operating correctly. If the server is turned
on, make sure that the DC power LED on the top of the power supply is lit
also.
If you have other devices to install or remove, do so now. Otherwise, go to
“Completing the installation” on page 105.
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Completing the installation
To complete the installation, complete the following steps:
1. If the bezel is open, insert the bezel hinges into the slots on the server chassis
and close the bezel.
2. Position the left-side cover over the server.
3. Place the bottom edge of the cover onto the bottom edge of the server.
4. Rotate the top edge of left-side cover toward the server; then, press down on
the cover handle until it clicks into place.
5. Rotate the bezel to its fully closed position.
6. Using the supplied key, lock the left-side cover and bezel.
7. Connect the cables and power cords. For more information, see “Connecting
the cables.”
Connecting the cables
Notes:
1. Be sure to turn off the server before you connect any cables to or disconnect
any cables from the server or hot-plug adapter.
2. For additional cabling instructions, see the documentation that comes with the
optional devices. It might be easier for you to route any cables before you install
certain optional devices.
3. Cable identifiers are printed on the cables that come with the server and
optional devices. Use these identifiers to connect the cables to the correct
connectors. For example, the hard disk drive cables are labeled “HDD option.”
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The following illustration shows the locations of the input and output connectors on
the rear of the server.
Power error LED
AC power LED
DC power LED
Power cord
connector
Video
Serial 1
(COM 1)
Systems
management
NMI button
USB 1
USB 2
USB 3
USB 4
Ethernet 10/100/1000
Ethernet
transmit/receive
activity LEDs
Ethernet link
status LEDs
Updating the server configuration
When you start the server for the first time after you add or remove a device, you
might receive a message that the configuration has changed. The Setup utility
starts automatically so that you can save the new configuration settings. For more
information, see Chapter 3, “Configuring the server,” on page 107.
Some optional devices have device drivers that you must install. For information
about installing device drivers, see the documentation that comes with each device.
The server comes with at least one microprocessor. If more than one
microprocessor is installed, the server can operate as a symmetric multiprocessing
(SMP) server. You might have to upgrade the operating system to support SMP. For
more information, see “Typical operating-system installation” on page 118 and the
operating-system documentation.
If the server has an optional RAID adapter and you have installed or removed a
hard disk drive, see the documentation that comes with the RAID adapter for
information about reconfiguring the disk arrays.
For information about configuring the integrated Gigabit Ethernet controller, see
“Configuring the Gigabit Ethernet controller” on page 122.
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Chapter 3. Configuring the server
The following configuration programs come with the server:
v Setup utility
The Setup utility (formerly called the Configuration/Setup Utility program) is part
of the IBM System x Server Firmware. Use it to change the startup-device
sequence, set the date and time, and set passwords. For information about using
this program, see “Using the Setup utility” on page 108.
v Boot Selection Menu program
The Boot Selection Menu program is part of the IBM System x Server Firmware.
Use it to override the startup sequence that is set in the Setup utility and
temporarily assign a device to be first in the startup sequence.
v IBM ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD
The ServerGuide program provides software-setup tools and installation tools
that are designed for the server. Use this CD during the installation of the server
to configure basic hardware features, such as an integrated SAS adapter with
RAID capabilities, and to simplify the installation of your operating system. For
information about obtaining and using this CD, see “Using the ServerGuide Setup
and Installation CD” on page 116.
v Integrated management module
Use the integrated management module (IMM) for configuration, to update the
firmware and sensor data record/field replaceable unit (SDR/FRU) data, and to
remotely manage a network. For information about using the IMM, see “Using the
integrated management module” on page 118 and the IMM User's Guide on the
IBM Web Site.
v Remote presence capability and blue-screen capture
The remote presence and blue-screen capture feature are integrated into the
integrated management module (IMM). You can use these features to access the
network remotely and to mount or unmount drives or images on the client
system. For information about how to enable the remote presence function, see
“Using the remote presence capability and blue-screen capture” on page 120.
v VMware ESXi embedded hypervisor
The VMware ESXi embedded hypervisor is available on the server models that
come with an installed the USB embedded hypervisor flash device. The USB
flash device is installed in the USB connector on the system board. Hypervisor is
virtualization software that enables multiple operating systems to run on a host
system at the same time. For more information about using the embedded
hypervisor, see “Using the embedded hypervisor” on page 120.
v Ethernet controller configuration
For information about configuring the Ethernet controller, see “Configuring the
Gigabit Ethernet controller” on page 122.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2011
107
v LSI Configuration Utility program
Use the LSI Configuration Utility program to configure the integrated SAS/SATA
adapter with RAID capabilities and the devices that are attached to it. For
information about using this program, see “Using the LSI Configuration Utility
program” on page 122.
The following table lists the server configurations and the applications that are
available for configuring and managing RAID arrays.
Table 10. Server configuration and applications for configuring and managing RAID arrays
Server configuration
RAID array management
RAID array configuration
(before operating system is (after operating system is
installed)
installed)
ServeRAID-BR10i adapter
(LSI 1068E)
LSI Utility (Setup utility, press CFGGEN configuration for
Ctrl+H), ServerGuide
IBM and LSI basic and
integrated RAID adapters
IBM BladeCenter and System
x
ServeRAID-BR10il v2
adapter (LSI 1064E)
LSI Utility (Setup utility, press CFGGEN configuration for
Ctrl+H), ServerGuide
IBM and LSI basic and
integrated RAID adapters
IBM BladeCenter and System
x
ServeRAID-MR10i adapter
(LSI 1078)
MegaRAID BIOS
Configuration Utility,
ServerGuide
MegaRAID Storage Manager
(MSM), Director
ServeRAID-M5014 adapter
(LSI SAS2108)
MegaRAID BIOS
Configuration Utility,
ServerGuide
MegaRAID Storage Manager
(MSM), Director
ServeRAID-M5015 adapter
(LSI SAS2108)
MegaRAID BIOS
Configuration Utility,
ServerGuide
MegaRAID Storage Manager
(MSM), Director
ServeRAID-M1015 adapter
(LSI SAS2008)
MegaRAID BIOS
Configuration Utility,
ServerGuide
MegaRAID Storage Manager
(MSM), Director
v IBM Advanced Settings Utility (ASU) program
Use this program as an alternative to the Setup utility for modifying UEFI settings
and IMM settings. Use the ASU program online or out-of-band to modify UEFI
settings from the command line without the need to restart the server to access
the Setup utility. For information about using this program, see “IBM Advanced
Settings Utility program” on page 124.
Using the Setup utility
Use the Setup utility, formerly called the Configuration/Setup Utility program, to
perform the following tasks:
v View configuration information
v View and change assignments for devices and I/O ports
v Set the date and time
v Set the startup characteristics of the server and the order of startup devices
v Set and change settings for advanced hardware features
v View, set, and change settings for power-management features
v View and clear error logs
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v Resolve configuration conflicts
Starting the Setup utility
To start the Setup utility, complete the following steps:
1. Turn on the server.
Note: Approximately 20 seconds after the server is connected to AC power, the
power-control button becomes active.
2. When the prompt <F1> Setup is displayed, press F1. If you have set an
administrator password, you must type the administrator password to access the
full Setup utility menu. If you do not type the administrator password, a limited
Setup utility menu is available.
Attention: If you set an administrator password and then forget it, there is no
way to change, override, or remove it. You must replace the system board.
3. Select the settings to view or change.
Setup utility menu choices
The following choices are on the Setup utility main menu. Depending on the version
of the firmware, some menu choices might differ slightly from these descriptions.
v System Information
Select this choice to view information about the server. When you make changes
through other choices in the Setup utility, some of those changes are reflected in
the system information; you cannot change settings directly in the system
information.
This choice is on the full Setup utility menu only.
– System Summary
Select this choice to view configuration information, including the ID, speed,
and cache size of the microprocessors, machine type and model of the server,
the serial number, the system UUID, and the amount of installed memory.
When you make configuration changes through other choices in the Setup
utility, the changes are reflected in the system summary; you cannot change
settings directly in the system summary.
– Product Data
Select this choice to view the system-board identifier, the revision level or
issue date of the firmware, the integrated management module and
diagnostics code, and the version and date.
v System Settings
Select this choice to view or change the server component settings.
– Processors
Select this choice to view or change the processor settings.
– Memory
Select this choice to view or change the memory settings. To configure
memory mirroring or sparing, select System Settings → Memory, and then
select Memory Channel Mode → Mirroring.
Note: Memory sparing is only available for Intel Xeon 5600 series
microprocessor.
– Devices and I/O Ports
Select this choice to view or change assignments for devices and input/output
(I/O) ports. You can configure the serial ports; configure remote console
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redirection; enable or disable integrated Ethernet controllers, the SAS/SATA
adapter, SATA optical drive channels, and PCI slots. If you disable a device, it
cannot be configured, and the operating system will not be able to detect it
(this is equivalent to disconnecting the device).
– Power
Select this choice to view or change power capping to control consumption,
processors, and performance states.
– Legacy Support
Select this choice to view or set legacy support.
- Force Legacy Video on Boot
Select this choice to force INT video support, if the operating system does
not support UEFI video output standards.
- Rehook INT 19h
Select this choice to enable or disable devices from taking control of the
boot process. The default is Disable.
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- Legacy Thunk Support
Select this choice to enable or disable the UEFI to interact with PCI mass
storage devices that are not UEFI-compliant.
– Integrated Management Module
Select this choice to view or change the settings for the integrated
management module.
- POST Watchdog Timer
Select this choice to view or enable the POST watchdog timer.
- POST Watchdog Timer Value
Select this choice to view or set the POST loader watchdog timer value.
- Reboot System on NMI
Enable or disable restarting the system whenever a nonmaskable interrupt
(NMI) occurs. Enabled is the default.
- Commands on USB Interface Preference
Select this choice to enable or disable the Ethernet over USB interface on
IMM. Enabled is the default.
- Network Configuration
Select this choice to view the system management network interface port,
the IMM MAC address, the current IMM IP address, and host name; define
the static IMM IP address, subnet mask, and gateway address; specify
whether to use the static IP address or have DHCP assign the IMM IP
address; and save the network changes.
- Reset IMM to Defaults
Select this choice to view or reset IMM to the default settings.
– Adapters and UEFI Drivers
Select this choice to view information about the adapters and device drivers in
the server that are compliant with EFI 1.10 and UEFI 2.0.
v Network
Select this choice to view or configure the network options, such as the iSCSI,
PXE, and network devices. There might be additional configuration choices for
optional network devices that are compliant with UEFI 2.1 and later.
v Date and Time
Select this choice to set the date and time in the server, in 24-hour format
(hour:minute:second).
This choice is on the full Setup utility menu only.
v Start Options
Select this choice to view the startup sequence of system devices.,
This choice is on the full Setup utility menu only.
v Boot Manager
Select this choice to view, add, delete, or change the device boot priority, boot
from a file, or select a one-time boot. If the server has Wake on LAN hardware
and software and the operating system supports Wake on LAN functions, you
can specify a startup sequence for the WAKE on LAN functions. For example,
you can define a startup sequence that checks for media in a CD-RW/DVD drive,
then checks the hard disk drive, and then the network adapter.
v System Event Logs
Select this choice to view the system-event log and POST event log. For
information about these logs, see "Event logs" in the Problem Determination and
Service Guide.
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Important: If the system-error LED on the front of the server is lit but there are
no other error indications, clear the system-event log and shutdown the server.
Also, after you complete a repair or correct an error, clear the system-event log
to turn off the system-error LED on the front of the server.
– POST Event Viewer
Select this choice to enter the POST event viewer to view the error messages
in the POST event log.
– System Event Log
Select this choice to view the error messages in the system-event log.
– Clear System Event Log
Select this choice to clear the system-event log.
v User Security
Select this choice to set, change, or clear passwords. See “Passwords” on page
114 for more information.
This choice is on the full and limited Setup utility menu.
– Set Power-on Password
Select this choice to set or change a power-on password. For more
information, see “Power-on password” on page 114.
– Clear Power-on Password
Select this choice to clear a power-on password. For more information, see
“Power-on password” on page 114.
– Set Administrator Password
Select this choice to set or change an administrator password. An
administrator password is intended to be used by a system administrator; it
limits access to the full Setup utility menu. If an administrator password is set,
the full Setup utility menu is available only if you type the administrator
password at the password prompt. For more information, see “Administrator
password” on page 115.
Attention: If you set an administrator password and then forget it, there is
no way to change, override, or remove it. You must replace the system board.
– Clear Administrator Password
Select this choice to clear an administrator password. For more information,
see “Administrator password” on page 115.
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v Save Settings
Select this choice to save the changes that you have made in the settings.
v Restore Settings
Select this choice to cancel the changes that you have made in the settings and
restore the previous settings.
v Load Default Settings
Select this choice to cancel the changes that you have made in the settings and
restore the factory settings.
v Exit Setup
Select this choice to exit from the Setup utility. If you have not saved the
changes that you have made in the settings, you are asked whether you want to
save the changes or exit without saving them.
Chapter 3. Configuring the server
113
Passwords
From the User Security menu choice, you can set, change, and delete a power-on
password and an administrator password. The User Security choice is on the full
Setup utility menu only.
Attention: If you set an administrator password and then forget it, there is no way
to change, override, or remove it. You must replace the system board.
If you set only a power-on password, you must type the power-on password to
complete the system startup and to have access to the full Setup utility menu.
An administrator password is intended to be used by a system administrator; it
limits access to the full Setup utility menu. If you set only an administrator
password, you do not have to type a password to complete the system startup, but
you must type the administrator password to access the Setup utility menu.
If you set a power-on password for a user and an administrator password for a
system administrator, you can type either password to complete the system startup.
A system administrator who types the administrator password has access to the full
Setup utility menu; the system administrator can give the user authority to set,
change, and delete the power-on password. A user who types the power-on
password has access to only the limited Setup utility menu; the user can set,
change, and delete the power-on password, if the system administrator has given
the user that authority.
Power-on password
If a power-on password is set, when you turn on the server, the system startup will
not be completed until you type the power-on password. You can use any
combination of up to seven characters (A - Z, a - z, and 0 - 9) for the password.
When a power-on password is set, you can enable the Unattended Start mode, in
which the keyboard and mouse remain locked but the operating system can start.
You can unlock the keyboard and mouse by typing the power-on password.
If you forget the power-on password, you can regain access to the server in any of
the following ways:
v If an administrator password is set, type the administrator password at the
password prompt. Start the Setup utility and reset the power-on password.
Attention: If you set an administrator password and then forget it, there is no
way to change, override, or remove it. You must replace the system board.
v Remove the battery from the server and then reinstall it. See the Problem
Determination and Service Guide on the IBM Documentation CD for instructions
for removing the battery.
v Change the position of the power-on password switch (enable switch 2 of the
system board switch block (SW6)) to bypass the power-on password check (see
the following illustration).
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Attention: Before you change any switch settings or moving any jumpers, turn
off the server; then, disconnect all power cords and external cables. See the
safety information that begins on page vii. Do not change settings or move
jumpers on any system-board switch or jumper blocks that are not shown in this
document.
While the server is turned off, move switch 2 of the switch block (SW6) to the On
position to enable the power-on password override. You can then start the Setup
utility and reset the power-on password. You do not have to return the switch to
the previous position.
The power-on password override jumper does not affect the administrator
password.
Attention: If you set an administrator password and then forget it, there is no
way to change, override, or remove it. You must replace the system board.
Administrator password
An administrator password is intended to be used by a system administrator; it
limits access to the full Setup utility menu. If an administrator password is set, you
must type the administrator password for access to the full Setup utility menu. You
can use any combination of up to seven characters (A - Z, a - z, and 0 - 9) for the
password.
Attention: If you set an administrator password and then forget it, there is no way
to change, override, or remove it. You must replace the system board.
Chapter 3. Configuring the server
115
Using the Boot Selection Menu program
The Boot Selection Menu program is used to temporarily redefine the first startup
device without changing boot options or settings in the Setup utility.
To use the Boot Selection Menu program, complete the following steps:
1. Turn off the server.
2. Restart the server.
3. Press F12 (Select Boot Device). If a bootable USB mass storage device is
installed, a submenu item (USB Key/Disk) is displayed.
4. Use the Up Arrow and Down Arrow keys to select an item from the Boot
Selection Menu and press Enter.
The next time the server starts, it returns to the startup sequence that is set in the
Setup utility.
Starting the backup server firmware
The system board contains a backup copy area for the server firmware. This is a
secondary copy of server firmware that you update only during the process of
updating IBM System x Server Firmware. If the primary copy of the server firmware
becomes damaged, use this backup copy.
To force the server to start from the backup copy, turn off the server; then, place the
UEFI boot recovery JP6 jumper in the backup position (pins 2 and 3).
Use the backup copy of the server firmware until the primary copy is restored. After
the primary copy is restored, turn off the server; then, move the UEFI boot recovery
JP6 jumper back to the primary position (pins 1 and 2).
Using the ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD
The ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD contains a setup and installation
program that is designed for your server. The ServerGuide program detects the
server model and optional hardware devices that are installed and uses that
information during setup to configure the hardware. The ServerGuide program
simplifies operating-system installations by providing updated device drivers and, in
some cases, installing them automatically.
You can download a free image of the ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD or
purchase the CD from the ServerGuide fulfillment Web site at http://www.ibm.com/
systems/management/serverguide/sub.html. To download the free image, click IBM
Service and Support Site.
Note: Changes are made periodically to the IBM Web site. The actual procedure
might vary slightly from what is described in this document.
The ServerGuide program has the following features:
v An easy-to-use interface
v Diskette-free setup, and configuration programs that are based on detected
hardware
v ServeRAID Manager program, which configures your ServeRAID adapter or
integrated SCSI controller with RAID capabilities
v Device drivers that are provided for the server model and detected hardware
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v Operating-system partition size and file-system type that are selectable during
setup
ServerGuide features
Features and functions can vary slightly with different versions of the ServerGuide
program. To learn more about the version that you have, start the ServerGuide
Setup and Installation CD and view the online overview. Not all features are
supported on all server models.
The ServerGuide program requires a supported IBM server with an enabled
startable (bootable) CD drive. In addition to the ServerGuide Setup and Installation
CD, you must have your operating-system CD to install the operating system.
The ServerGuide program performs the following tasks:
v Sets system date and time
v Detects the RAID adapter or controller and runs the SAS RAID configuration
program (with LSI chip sets for ServeRAID adapters only)
v Checks the microcode (firmware) levels of a ServeRAID adapter and determines
whether a later level is available from the CD
v Detects installed optional hardware devices and provides updated device drivers
for most adapters and devices
v Provides diskette-free installation for supported Windows operating systems
v Includes an online readme file with links to tips for hardware and
operating-system installation
Setup and configuration overview
When you use the ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD, you do not need setup
diskettes. You can use the CD to configure any supported IBM server model. The
setup program provides a list of tasks that are required to set up your server model.
On a server with a ServeRAID adapter or integrated SCSI controller with RAID
capabilities, you can run the SCSI RAID configuration program to create logical
drives.
Note: Features and functions can vary slightly with different versions of the
ServerGuide program.
When you start the ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD, the program prompts
you to complete the following tasks:
v Select your language.
v Select your keyboard layout and country.
v View the overview to learn about ServerGuide features.
v View the readme file to review installation tips for your operating system and
adapter.
v Start the operating-system installation. You will need your operating-system CD.
Important: Before you install a legacy operating system (such as VMware) on a
server with an LSI SAS controller, you must first complete the following steps:
1. Update the device driver for the LSI SAS controller to the latest level.
2. In the Setup utility, set Legacy Only as the first option in the boot sequence in
the Boot Manager menu.
3. Using the LSI Configuration Utility program, select a boot drive.
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For detailed information and instructions, go to https://www-947.ibm.com/systems/
support/supportsite.wss/docdisplay?lndocid=MIGR-5083225.
Typical operating-system installation
The ServerGuide program can reduce the time it takes to install an operating
system. It provides the device drivers that are required for your hardware and for
the operating system that you are installing. This section describes a typical
ServerGuide operating-system installation.
Note: Features and functions can vary slightly with different versions of the
ServerGuide program.
1. After you have completed the setup process, the operating-system installation
program starts. (You will need your operating-system CD to complete the
installation.)
2. The ServerGuide program stores information about the server model, service
processor, hard disk drive controllers, and network adapters. Then, the program
checks the CD for newer device drivers. This information is stored and then
passed to the operating-system installation program.
3. The ServerGuide program presents operating-system partition options that are
based on your operating-system selection and the installed hard disk drives.
4. The ServerGuide program prompts you to insert your operating-system CD and
restart the server. At this point, the installation program for the operating system
takes control to complete the installation.
Installing your operating system without using ServerGuide
If you have already configured the server hardware and you are not using the
ServerGuide program to install your operating system, complete the following steps
to download the latest operating-system installation instructions from the IBM Web
site.
Note: Changes are made periodically to the IBM Web site. The actual procedure
might vary slightly from what is described in this document.
1. Go to http://www.ibm.com/systems/support/.
2. Under Product support, click System x.
3. From the menu on the left side of the page, click System x support search.
4. From the Task menu, select Install.
5. From the Product family menu, select System x3500 M2.
6. From the Operating system menu, select your operating system, and then click
Search to display the available installation documents.
Using the integrated management module
The integrated management module (IMM) is a second generation of the functions
that were formerly provided by the baseboard management controller hardware. It
combines service processor functions, video controller, and remote presence
function in a single chip.
The IMM supports the following basic systems-management features:
v Active Energy Manager.
v Alerts (in-band and out-of-band alerting, PET traps - IPMI style, SNMP, e-mail).
v Auto Boot Failure Recovery.
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v Automatic Server Restart (ASR) when POST is not complete or the operating
system hangs and the OS watchdog timer times out. The IMM might be
configured to watch for the OS watchdog timer and restart the server after a
timeout, if the ASR feature is enabled. Otherwise, the system administrator can
generate an NMI by pressing an NMI button on the information panel for an
operating-system memory dump. ASR is supported by IPMI.
v Boot sequence manipulation.
v Command-line interface.
v Configuration save and restore.
v DIMM error assistance. The Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI)
disables a failing DIMM that is detected during POST, and the IMM lights the
associated system-error LED and the failing DIMM error LED.
v Environmental monitor with fan speed control for temperature, voltages, fan
failure, and power supply failure.
v Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) Specification V2.0 and
Intelligent Platform Management Bus (IPMB) support.
v Invalid system configuration (CNFG) LED support.
v Light path diagnostics LEDs to report errors that occur with fans, power supplies,
microprocessor, hard disk drives, and system errors.
v NMI detection and reporting.
v Operating-system failure blue screen capture.
v PCI configuration data.
v PECI 2 support.
v Power/reset control (power-on, hard and soft shutdown, hard and soft reset,
schedule power control).
v Query power-supply input power.
v ROM-based IMM firmware flash updates.
v Serial over LAN (SOL).
v Serial redirect.
v System-event log.
v When one of the two microprocessors reports an internal error, the server
disables the defective microprocessor and restarts with the one good
microprocessor.
The IMM also provides the following remote server management capabilities
through the OSA SMBridge management utility program:
v Command-line interface (IPMI Shell)
The command-line interface provides direct access to server management
functions through the IPMI 2.0 protocol. Use the command-line interface to issue
commands to control the server power, view system information, and identify the
server. You can also save one or more commands as a text file and run the file
as a script.
v Serial over LAN
Establish a Serial over LAN (SOL) connection to manage servers from a remote
location. You can remotely view and change the UEFI settings, restart the server,
identify the server, and perform other management functions. Any standard Telnet
client application can access the SOL connection.
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Using the embedded hypervisor
The VMware ESXi embedded hypervisor is available on server models that come
with an installed USB embedded hypervisor flash device. The USB flash device
comes installed in the USB connector on the system board. Hypervisor is
virtualization software that enables multiple operating systems to run on a host
system at the same time. The USB flash device is required to activate the
hypervisor functions.
To start using the embedded hypervisor functions, you must add the USB flash
device to the boot order in the Setup utility.
To add the USB flash device to the boot order, complete the following steps:
1. Turn on the server.
Note: Approximately 20 seconds after the server is connected to AC power, the
power-control button becomes active.
2. When the prompt <F1> Setup is displayed, press F1.
3. From the Setup utility main menu, select Boot Manager.
4. Select Add Boot Option; then, select Embedded Hypervisor. Press Enter, and
then select Esc.
5. Select Change Boot Order and then select Commit Changes; then, press
Enter.
6. Select Save Settings and then select Exit Setup.
If the embedded hypervisor flash device image becomes corrupt, you can use the
VMware Recovery CD that comes with the system to recover the flash device
image. To recover the flash device image, complete the following steps:
1. Turn on the server.
Note: Approximately 20 seconds after the server is connected to AC power, the
power-control button becomes active.
2. Insert the VMware Recovery CD into the DVD drive.
3. Follow the instructions on the screen.
For additional information and instructions, see the VMware ESXi Server 3i
Embedded Setup Guide
Using the remote presence capability and blue-screen capture
The remote presence and blue-screen capture features are integrated functions of
the integrated management module (IMM).
The remote presence feature provides the following functions:
v Remotely viewing video with graphics resolutions up to 1600 x 1200 at 85 Hz,
regardless of the system state
v Remotely accessing the server, using the keyboard and mouse from a remote
client
v Mapping the CD or DVD drive, diskette drive, and USB flash drive on a remote
client, and mapping ISO and diskette image files as virtual drives that are
available for use by the server
v Uploading a diskette image to the IMM memory and mapping it to the server as a
virtual drive
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The blue-screen capture feature captures the video display contents before the IMM
restarts the server when the IMM detects an operating-system hang condition. A
system administrator can use the blue-screen capture to assist in determining the
cause of the hang condition.
Obtaining the IP address for the Web interface access
To access the Web interface and use the remote presence feature, you need the IP
address for the IMM. You can obtain the IMM IP address through the Setup utility.
To locate the IP address, complete the following steps:
1. Turn on the server.
Note: Approximately 20 seconds after the server is connected to AC power, the
power-control button becomes active.
2. When the prompt <F1> Setup is displayed, press F1. If you have set both a
power-on password and an administrator password, you must type the
administrator password to access the full Setup utility menu.
Attention: If you set an administrator password and then forget it, there is no
way to change, override, or remove it. You must replace the system board.
3. From the Setup utility main menu, select System Settings.
4. On the next screen, select Integrated Management Module.
5. On the next screen, select Network Configuration.
6. Find the IP address and write it down.
7. Exit from the Setup utility.
Logging on to the Web interface
To log on to the Web interface to use the remote presence functions, complete the
following steps:
1. Open a Web browser on a computer that connects to the server and in the
address or URL field, type the IP address or host name of the IMM to which
you want to connect.
Notes:
a. If you are logging on to the IMM for the first time after installation, the IMM
defaults to DHCP. If a DHCP host is not available, the IMM uses the default
static IP address 192.168.70.125.
b. You can obtain the DHCP-assigned IP address or the static IP address from
the server UEFI or from your network administrator.
The Logon page is displayed.
2. Type the user name and password. If you are using the IMM for the first time,
you can obtain the user name and password from the system administrator. All
logon attempts are documented in the IMM event log. A welcome page opens in
the browser.
Note: The IMM is set initially with a user name of USERID and password of
PASSW0RD (passw0rd with a zero, not the letter O). You have read/write
access. For enhanced security, change this default password during the initial
configuration.
3. On the Welcome page, type a timeout value (in minutes) in the field that is
provided. The IMM logs you off the Web interface if your browser is inactive for
the number of minutes that you entered for the timeout value.
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4. Click Continue to start the session. The browser opens the System Status
page, which displays the server status and the server health summary.
Enabling the Broadcom Gigabit Ethernet Utility program
The Broadcom Gigabit Ethernet Utility program is part of the server firmware. You
can use it to configure the network as a startable device, and you can customize
where the network startup option appears in the startup sequence. Enable and
disable the Broadcom Gigabit Ethernet Utility program from the Setup utility.
To enable the Broadcom Gigabit Ethernet Utility program, complete the following
steps:
1. From the Setup utility main menu, select Devices and I/O Ports and press
Enter.
2. Select Enable/Disable onboard device(s) and press Enter.
3. Select Ethernet and press Enter.
4. Select Enable and press Enter.
5. Exit to the main menu and select Save Settings.
Configuring the Gigabit Ethernet controller
The Ethernet controllers are integrated on the system board. They provide an
interface for connecting to a 10 Mbps, 100 Mbps, or 1 Gbps network and provide
full-duplex (FDX) capability, which enables simultaneous transmission and reception
of data on the network. If the Ethernet ports in the server support auto-negotiation,
the controllers detect the data-transfer rate (10BASE-T, 100BASE-TX, or
1000BASE-T) and duplex mode (full-duplex or half-duplex) of the network and
automatically operate at that rate and mode.
You do not have to set any jumpers or configure the controllers. However, you must
install a device driver to enable the operating system to address the controllers. To
find updated information about configuring the controllers, complete the following
steps.
Note: Changes are made periodically to the IBM Web site. The actual procedure
might vary slightly from what is described in this document.
1. Go to http://www.ibm.com/systems/support/.
2. Under Product support, click System x.
3. Under Popular links, click Software and device drivers.
4. From the Product family menu, select System x3500 M3 and click Go.
Using the LSI Configuration Utility program
Use the LSI Configuration Utility program to configure and manage redundant array
of independent disks (RAID) arrays. Be sure to use this program as described in
this document. Use the LSI Configuration Utility program to perform the following
tasks:
v Perform a low-level format on a hard disk drive
v Create an array of hard disk drives with or without a hot-spare drive
v Set protocol parameters on hard disk drives
The integrated SAS/SATA adapter with RAID capabilities supports RAID arrays. You
can use the LSI Configuration Utility program to configure RAID 1 (IM), RAID 1E
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(IME), and RAID 0 (IS) for a single pair of attached devices. If you install a different
type of RAID adapter, follow the instructions in the documentation that comes with
the adapter to view or change settings for attached devices.
In addition, you can download an LSI command-line configuration program from
http://www.ibm.com/systems/support/.
When you are using the LSI Configuration Utility program to configure and manage
arrays, consider the following information:
v The integrated SAS/SATA adapter with RAID capabilities supports the following
features:
– Integrated Mirroring (IM) with hot-spare support (also known as RAID 1)
Use this option to create an integrated array of two disks. All data on the
primary disk can be migrated.
– Integrated Mirroring Enhanced (IME) with hot-spare support (also known as
RAID 1E)
Use this option to create an integrated mirror enhanced array of three to eight
disks. All data on the array disks will be deleted.,
– Integrated Striping (IS) (also known as RAID 0)
Use this option to create an integrated striping array of two to eight disks. All
data on the array disks will be deleted.
v Hard disk drive capacities affect how you create arrays. The drives in an array
can have different capacities, but the ServeRAID adapter treats them as if they
all have the capacity of the smallest hard disk drive.
v If you use an integrated SAS/SATA adapter with RAID capabilities to configure a
RAID 1 (mirrored) array after you have installed the operating system, you will
lose access to any data or applications that were previously stored on the
secondary drive of the mirrored pair.
v If you install a different type of ServeRAID adapter, see the documentation that
comes with the adapter for information about viewing and changing settings for
attached devices.
Starting the LSI Configuration Utility program
To start the LSI Configuration Utility program, complete the following steps:
1. Turn on the server.
Note: Approximately 20 seconds after the server is connected to AC power, the
power-control button becomes active.
2. When the prompt <F1> Setup is displayed, press F1. If you have set an
administrator password, you must type the administrator password to access the
full Setup utility menu. If you do not type the administrator password, a limited
Setup utility menu is available.
Attention: If you set an administrator password and then forget it, there is no
way to change, override, or remove it. You must replace the system board.
3. Select System Settings → Adapters and UEFI drivers.
4. Select Please refresh this page first and press Enter.
5. To perform storage-management tasks, see the SAS adapter documentation,
which you can download from the disk controller and RAID software matrix:
a. Go to http://www.ibm.com/systems/support/.
b. Under Product support, click System x.
c. Under Popular links, click Storage Support Matrix.
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When you have finished changing settings, press Esc to exit from the program;
select Save to save the settings that you have changed.
Formatting a hard disk drive
Low-level formatting removes all data from the hard disk. If there is data on the disk
that you want to save, back up the hard disk before you perform this procedure.
Note: Before you format a hard disk, make sure that the disk is not part of a
mirrored pair.
To format a drive, complete the following steps:
1. From the list of adapters, select the adapter (channel) for the drive that you
want to format and press Enter.
2. Select SAS Topology and press Enter.
3. Select Direct Attach Devices and press Enter.
4. To highlight the drive that you want to format, use the Up Arrow and Down
Arrow keys. To scroll left and right, use the Left Arrow and Right Arrow keys or
the End key. Press Alt+D.
5. To start the low-level formatting operation, select Format and press Enter.
Creating a RAID array of hard disk drives
To create a RAID array of hard disk drives, complete the following steps:
1. From the list of adapters, select the adapter (channel) for which you want to
create an array.
2. Select RAID Properties.
3. Select the type of array that you want to create.
4. In the RAID Disk column, use the Spacebar or Minus (-) key to select Yes
(select) or No (deselect) to select or deselect a drive from a RAID disk.
5. Continue to select drives, using the Spacebar or Minus (-) key, until you have
selected all the drives for your array.
6. Press C to create the disk array.
7. Select Save changes then exit this menu to create the array.
8. Exit the Setup utility.
IBM Advanced Settings Utility program
The IBM Advanced Settings Utility (ASU) program is an alternative to the Setup
utility for modifying UEFI settings. Use the ASU program online or out-of-band to
modify UEFI settings from the command line without the need to restart the server
to access the Setup utility.
You can also use the ASU program to configure the optional remote presence
features or other IMM settings. The remote presence features provide enhanced
systems-management capabilities.
In addition, the ASU program provides limited settings for configuring the IPMI
function in the IMM through the command-line interface.
Use the command-line interface to issue setup commands. You can save any of the
settings as a file and run the file as a script. The ASU program supports scripting
environments through a batch-processing mode.
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For more information and to download the ASU program, go to
http://www.ibm.com/systems/support/.
Updating IBM Systems Director
If you plan to use IBM Systems Director to manage the server, you must check for
the latest applicable IBM Systems Director updates and interim fixes.
Note: Changes are made periodically to the IBM Web site. The actual procedure
might vary slightly from what is described in this document.
To locate and install a newer version of IBM Systems Director, complete the
following steps:
1. Check for the latest version of IBM Systems Director:
a. Go to http://www.ibm.com/systems/management/director/downloads.html.
b. If a newer version of IBM Systems Director than what comes with the server
is shown in the drop-down list, follow the instructions on the Web page to
download the latest version.
2. Install the IBM Systems Director program.
If your management server is connected to the Internet, to locate and install
updates and interim fixes, complete the following steps:
1. Make sure that you have run the Discovery and Inventory collection tasks.
2. On the Welcome page of the IBM Systems Director Web interface, click View
updates.
3. Click Check for updates. The available updates are displayed in a table.
4. Select the updates that you want to install, and click Install to start the
installation wizard.
If your management server is not connected to the Internet, to locate and install
updates and interim fixes, complete the following steps:
1. Make sure that you have run the Discovery and Inventory collection tasks.
2. On a system that is connected to the Internet, go to http://www.ibm.com/
eserver/support/fixes/fixcentral/.
3. From the Product family list, select IBM Systems Director.
4. From the Product list, select IBM Systems Director.
5. From the Installed version list, select the latest version, and click Continue.
6. Download the available updates.
7. Copy the downloaded files to the management server.
8. On the management server, on the Welcome page of the IBM Systems
Director Web interface, click the Manage tab, and click Update Manager.
9. Click Import updates and specify the location of the downloaded files that you
copied to the management server.
10. Return to the Welcome page of the Web interface, and click View updates.
11. Select the updates that you want to install, and click Install to start the
installation wizard.
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Appendix A. Getting help and technical assistance
If you need help, service, or technical assistance or just want more information
about IBM products, you will find a wide variety of sources available from IBM to
assist you. This section contains information about where to go for additional
information about IBM and IBM products, what to do if you experience a problem
with your system, and whom to call for service, if it is necessary.
Before you call
Before you call, make sure that you have taken these steps to try to solve the
problem yourself:
v Check all cables to make sure that they are connected.
v Check the power switches to make sure that the system and any optional
devices are turned on.
v Use the troubleshooting information in your system documentation, and use the
diagnostic tools that come with your system. Information about diagnostic tools is
in the Problem Determination and Service Guide on the IBM Documentation CD
that comes with your system.
v Go to the IBM support Web site at http://www.ibm.com/systems/support/ to check
for technical information, hints, tips, and new device drivers or to submit a
request for information.
You can solve many problems without outside assistance by following the
troubleshooting procedures that IBM provides in the online help or in the
documentation that is provided with your IBM product. The documentation that
comes with IBM systems also describes the diagnostic tests that you can perform.
Most systems, operating systems, and programs come with documentation that
contains troubleshooting procedures and explanations of error messages and error
codes. If you suspect a software problem, see the documentation for the operating
system or program.
Using the documentation
Information about your IBM system and preinstalled software, if any, or optional
device is available in the documentation that comes with the product. That
documentation can include printed documents, online documents, readme files, and
help files. See the troubleshooting information in your system documentation for
instructions for using the diagnostic programs. The troubleshooting information or
the diagnostic programs might tell you that you need additional or updated device
drivers or other software. IBM maintains pages on the World Wide Web where you
can get the latest technical information and download device drivers and updates.
To access these pages, go to http://www.ibm.com/systems/support/ and follow the
instructions. Also, some documents are available through the IBM Publications
Center at http://www.ibm.com/shop/publications/order/.
Getting help and information from the World Wide Web
On the World Wide Web, the IBM Web site has up-to-date information about IBM
systems, optional devices, services, and support. The address for IBM System x
and xSeries information is http://www.ibm.com/systems/x/. The address for IBM
BladeCenter® information is http://www.ibm.com/systems/bladecenter/. The address
for IBM IntelliStation® information is http://www.ibm.com/intellistation/.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2011
127
You can find service information for IBM systems and optional devices at
http://www.ibm.com/systems/support/.
Software service and support
Through IBM Support Line, you can get telephone assistance, for a fee, with usage,
configuration, and software problems with System x and xSeries servers,
BladeCenter products, IntelliStation workstations, and appliances. For information
about which products are supported by Support Line in your country or region, see
http://www.ibm.com/services/sl/products/.
For more information about Support Line and other IBM services, see
http://www.ibm.com/services/, or see http://www.ibm.com/planetwide/ for support
telephone numbers. In the U.S. and Canada, call 1-800-IBM-SERV
(1-800-426-7378).
Hardware service and support
You can receive hardware service through your IBM reseller or IBM Services. To
locate a reseller authorized by IBM to provide warranty service, go to
http://www.ibm.com/partnerworld/ and click Find a Business Partner on the right
side of the page. For IBM support telephone numbers, see http://www.ibm.com/
planetwide/. In the U.S. and Canada, call 1-800-IBM-SERV (1-800-426-7378).
In the U.S. and Canada, hardware service and support is available 24 hours a day,
7 days a week. In the U.K., these services are available Monday through Friday,
from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.
IBM Taiwan product service
IBM Taiwan product service contact information:
IBM Taiwan Corporation
3F, No 7, Song Ren Rd.
Taipei, Taiwan
Telephone: 0800-016-888
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Appendix B. Notices
This information was developed for products and services offered in the U.S.A.
IBM may not offer the products, services, or features discussed in this document in
other countries. Consult your local IBM representative for information on the
products and services currently available in your area. Any reference to an IBM
product, program, or service is not intended to state or imply that only that IBM
product, program, or service may be used. Any functionally equivalent product,
program, or service that does not infringe any IBM intellectual property right may be
used instead. However, it is the user's responsibility to evaluate and verify the
operation of any non-IBM product, program, or service.
IBM may have patents or pending patent applications covering subject matter
described in this document. The furnishing of this document does not give you any
license to these patents. You can send license inquiries, in writing, to:
IBM Director of Licensing
IBM Corporation
North Castle Drive
Armonk, NY 10504-1785
U.S.A.
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION PROVIDES THIS
PUBLICATION “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
OF NON-INFRINGEMENT, MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Some states do not allow disclaimer of express or
implied warranties in certain transactions, therefore, this statement may not apply to
you.
This information could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors.
Changes are periodically made to the information herein; these changes will be
incorporated in new editions of the publication. IBM may make improvements and/or
changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described in this publication at any
time without notice.
Any references in this information to non-IBM Web sites are provided for
convenience only and do not in any manner serve as an endorsement of those
Web sites. The materials at those Web sites are not part of the materials for this
IBM product, and use of those Web sites is at your own risk.
IBM may use or distribute any of the information you supply in any way it believes
appropriate without incurring any obligation to you.
Trademarks
IBM, the IBM logo, and ibm.com are trademarks or registered trademarks of
International Business Machines Corporation in the United States, other countries,
or both. If these and other IBM trademarked terms are marked on their first
occurrence in this information with a trademark symbol (® or ™), these symbols
indicate U.S. registered or common law trademarks owned by IBM at the time this
information was published. Such trademarks may also be registered or common law
trademarks in other countries. A current list of IBM trademarks is available on the
Web at “Copyright and trademark information” at http://www.ibm.com/legal/
copytrade.shtml.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2011
129
Adobe and PostScript are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Adobe
Systems Incorporated in the United States and/or other countries.
Cell Broadband Engine is a trademark of Sony Computer Entertainment, Inc., in the
United States, other countries, or both and is used under license therefrom.
Intel, Intel Xeon, Itanium, and Pentium are trademarks or registered trademarks of
Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries.
Java and all Java-based trademarks are trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc., in
the United States, other countries, or both.
Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States, other
countries, or both.
Microsoft, Windows, and Windows NT are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in
the United States, other countries, or both.
UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group in the United States and other
countries.
Other company, product, or service names may be trademarks or service marks of
others.
Important notes
This product is not intended to be connected directly or indirectly by any means
whatsoever to interfaces of public telecommunications networks nor is it intended to
be used in a public services network.
Processor speed indicates the internal clock speed of the microprocessor; other
factors also affect application performance.
CD or DVD drive speed is the variable read rate. Actual speeds vary and are often
less than the possible maximum.
When referring to processor storage, real and virtual storage, or channel volume,
KB stands for 1024 bytes, MB stands for 1 048 576 bytes, and GB stands for
1 073 741 824 bytes.
When referring to hard disk drive capacity or communications volume, MB stands
for 1 000 000 bytes, and GB stands for 1 000 000 000 bytes. Total user-accessible
capacity can vary depending on operating environments.
Maximum internal hard disk drive capacities assume the replacement of any
standard hard disk drives and population of all hard disk drive bays with the largest
currently supported drives that are available from IBM.
Maximum memory might require replacement of the standard memory with an
optional memory module.
IBM makes no representation or warranties regarding non-IBM products and
services that are ServerProven®, including but not limited to the implied warranties
of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. These products are offered
and warranted solely by third parties.
130
IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
IBM makes no representations or warranties with respect to non-IBM products.
Support (if any) for the non-IBM products is provided by the third party, not IBM.
Some software might differ from its retail version (if available) and might not include
user manuals or all program functionality.
Particulate contamination
Attention: Airborne particulates (including metal flakes or particles) and reactive
gases acting alone or in combination with other environmental factors such as
humidity or temperature might pose a risk to the server that is described in this
document. Risks that are posed by the presence of excessive particulate levels or
concentrations of harmful gases include damage that might cause the server to
malfunction or cease functioning altogether. This specification sets forth limits for
particulates and gases that are intended to avoid such damage. The limits must not
be viewed or used as definitive limits, because numerous other factors, such as
temperature or moisture content of the air, can influence the impact of particulates
or environmental corrosives and gaseous contaminant transfer. In the absence of
specific limits that are set forth in this document, you must implement practices that
maintain particulate and gas levels that are consistent with the protection of human
health and safety. If IBM determines that the levels of particulates or gases in your
environment have caused damage to the server, IBM may condition provision of
repair or replacement of server or parts on implementation of appropriate remedial
measures to mitigate such environmental contamination. Implementation of such
remedial measures is a customer responsibility.
Table 11. Limits for particulates and gases
Contaminant
Limits
Particulate
v The room air must be continuously filtered with 40% atmospheric dust
spot efficiency (MERV 9) according to ASHRAE Standard 52.21.
v Air that enters a data center must be filtered to 99.97% efficiency or
greater, using high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters that meet
MIL-STD-282.
v The deliquescent relative humidity of the particulate contamination
must be more than 60%2.
v The room must be free of conductive contamination such as zinc
whiskers.
Gaseous
v Copper: Class G1 as per ANSI/ISA 71.04-19853
v Silver: Corrosion rate of less than 300 Å in 30 days
1
ASHRAE 52.2-2008 - Method of Testing General Ventilation Air-Cleaning Devices for
Removal Efficiency by Particle Size. Atlanta: American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and
Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc.
2
The deliquescent relative humidity of particulate contamination is the relative humidity at
which the dust absorbs enough water to become wet and promote ionic conduction.
3
ANSI/ISA-71.04-1985. Environmental conditions for process measurement and control
systems: Airborne contaminants. Instrument Society of America, Research Triangle Park,
North Carolina, U.S.A.
Documentation format
The publications for this product are in Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF)
and should be compliant with accessibility standards. If you experience difficulties
when you use the PDF files and want to request a Web-based format or accessible
PDF document for a publication, direct your mail to the following address:
Appendix B. Notices
131
Information Development
IBM Corporation
205/A015
3039 E. Cornwallis Road
P.O. Box 12195
Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709-2195
U.S.A.
In the request, be sure to include the publication part number and title.
When you send information to IBM, you grant IBM a nonexclusive right to use or
distribute the information in any way it believes appropriate without incurring any
obligation to you.
Electronic emission notices
Note: When attaching a monitor to the equipment, you must use the designated
monitor cable and any interference suppression devices supplied with the monitor.
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) statement
Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a
Class A digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are
designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the
equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates,
uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause
harmful interference, in which case the user will be required to correct the
interference at his own expense.
Properly shielded and grounded cables and connectors must be used in order to
meet FCC emission limits. IBM is not responsible for any radio or television
interference caused by using other than recommended cables and connectors or by
unauthorized changes or modifications to this equipment. Unauthorized changes or
modifications could void the user's authority to operate the equipment.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2)
this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
Industry Canada Class A emission compliance statement
This Class A digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Avis de conformité à la réglementation d'Industrie Canada
Cet appareil numérique de la classe A est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du
Canada.
Australia and New Zealand Class A statement
Attention: This is a Class A product. In a domestic environment this product may
cause radio interference in which case the user may be required to take adequate
measures.
132
IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
European Union EMC Directive conformance statement
This product is in conformity with the protection requirements of EU Council
Directive 2004/108/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States
relating to electromagnetic compatibility. IBM cannot accept responsibility for any
failure to satisfy the protection requirements resulting from a nonrecommended
modification of the product, including the fitting of non-IBM option cards.
Attention: This is an EN 55022 Class A product. In a domestic environment this
product may cause radio interference in which case the user may be required to
take adequate measures.
Responsible manufacturer:
International Business Machines Corp.
New Orchard Road
Armonk, New York 10504
914-499-1900
European Community contact:
IBM Technical Regulations, Department M456
IBM-Allee 1, 71137 Ehningen, Germany
Telephone: +49 7032 15-2937
Email: tjahn@de.ibm.com
Germany Class A statement
Deutschsprachiger EU Hinweis:
Hinweis für Geräte der Klasse A EU-Richtlinie zur Elektromagnetischen
Verträglichkeit
Dieses Produkt entspricht den Schutzanforderungen der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG
zur Angleichung der Rechtsvorschriften über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit
in den EU-Mitgliedsstaaten und hält die Grenzwerte der EN 55022 Klasse A ein.
Um dieses sicherzustellen, sind die Geräte wie in den Handbüchern beschrieben zu
installieren und zu betreiben. Des Weiteren dürfen auch nur von der IBM
empfohlene Kabel angeschlossen werden. IBM übernimmt keine Verantwortung für
die Einhaltung der Schutzanforderungen, wenn das Produkt ohne Zustimmung der
IBM verändert bzw. wenn Erweiterungskomponenten von Fremdherstellern ohne
Empfehlung der IBM gesteckt/eingebaut werden.
EN 55022 Klasse A Geräte müssen mit folgendem Warnhinweis versehen werden:
“Warnung: Dieses ist eine Einrichtung der Klasse A. Diese Einrichtung kann im
Wohnbereich Funk-Störungen verursachen; in diesem Fall kann vom Betreiber
verlangt werden, angemessene Maßnahmen zu ergreifen und dafür aufzukommen.”
Deutschland: Einhaltung des Gesetzes über die
elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten
Dieses Produkt entspricht dem “Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit
von Geräten (EMVG)”. Dies ist die Umsetzung der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG in
der Bundesrepublik Deutschland.
Appendix B. Notices
133
Zulassungsbescheinigung laut dem Deutschen Gesetz über die
elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG) (bzw. der
EMC EG Richtlinie 2004/108/EG) für Geräte der Klasse A
Dieses Gerät ist berechtigt, in Übereinstimmung mit dem Deutschen EMVG das
EG-Konformitätszeichen - CE - zu führen.
Verantwortlich für die Einhaltung der EMV Vorschriften ist der Hersteller:
International Business Machines Corp.
New Orchard Road
Armonk, New York 10504
914-499-1900
Der verantwortliche Ansprechpartner des Herstellers in der EU ist:
IBM Deutschland
Technical Regulations, Department M456
IBM-Allee 1, 71137 Ehningen, Germany
Telephone: +49 7032 15-2937
Email: tjahn@de.ibm.com
Generelle Informationen:
Das Gerät erfüllt die Schutzanforderungen nach EN 55024 und EN 55022
Klasse A.
VCCI Class A statement
This is a Class A product based on the standard of the Voluntary Control Council for
Interference (VCCI). If this equipment is used in a domestic environment, radio
interference may occur, in which case the user may be required to take corrective
actions.
Japan Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association
(JEITA) statement
Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA)
Confirmed Harmonics Guideline (products less than or equal to 20 A per phase)
Korean Class A warning statement
134
IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
Russia Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Class A statement
People's Republic of China Class A electronic emission statement
Taiwan Class A compliance statement
Appendix B. Notices
135
136
IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
Index
A
AC power LED 17
accessible documentation 131
Active Memory 9
adapter
boot option 67
installing 67
PCI bus, identification 67
types and installation information 67
administrator password 112, 114
Advanced Settings Utility (ASU) program,
overview 124
air baffle
installing 61
removing 60
assistance, getting 127
attention notices 5
availability 11
B
baffle, air
installing 61
removing 60
bays 6
bays, EMC shield 71
before you install a legacy operating system 117
bezel
media door, open 58
blue-screen
capture 8
capture feature, overview 121
boot manager 111
boot selection menu program, using 116
button, remind 34
C
cable routing
external 105
cable routing, internal 38
cabling
external 105
the server 105
cache 6
caution statements 5
CD, documentation 3
Class A electronic emission notice
closing power-supply cage 65
CMOS, clear jumper 24
CNFG LED 33
completing the installation 105
components 22
configuration
cable routing 44
updating 106
updating server 107
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2011
132
configuration (continued)
with ServerGuide 117
configuration programs
LSI Configuration Utility 108
connecting the cables 105
connector
Ethernet 17
connectors
on front of server 13
rear of server 17
SAS backplane 27
system board 23
contamination, particulate and gaseous 131
controller, configuring Ethernet 122
controls 13
cooling 11
cover, removing 57
CPU LED 34
creating, RAID array 124
CRUs, installing
air baffle 61
power-supply cage 65
CRUs, removing power-supply cage 64
D
danger statements 5
DASD LED 31
data storage 10
date and time 111
DC power LED 17
device drivers 13
diagnostics program, DSA preboot 8
dimensions 6
DIMM
installation 92
installation order 92
static electrictiy 92
types and installation information 86
DIMM install sequence
independent channel mode 89
memory mirroring 91
DIMM installation sequence
for memory mirroring 93
documentation CD
hardware and software requirements 3
using 3
documentation format 131
drive
bay EMC shield 71
drives 6, 10
DSA 8
DVD
cable routing 41
drive activity LED 15
drive, installing 70
eject button 15
137
Dynamic System Analysis (DSA) Preboot diagnostics
program 8
E
electrical input 7
electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) shield 71
electronic emission Class A notice 132
embedded hypervisor
using 120
EMC shield
hard disk drive bay 71
environment 7
Ethernet 10
controller, configuring 122
link status LED 17
transmit/receive activity LED 17
Ethernet connector 17
expansion
bays 6
slots 6
extender card 23
external
cabling 105
connectors 26
hard disk drive (continued)
connectors 27
formatting 124
installation 85
LED 31
status LED 15
types and installation information 84
hardware service and support 128
heat output 7
heat sink 100
help, getting 127
humidity 7
I
gaseous contamination 131
getting help 127
gigabit Ethernet controller, configuring 122
IBM Advanced Settings Utility program, overview 124
IBM Support Line 128
IBM Systems Director
overview 12
server feature 9
updating 125
IBM X-Architecture technology 9
ID location, hard disk drive 84
IMM
overview 8
using 118
important notices 5
independent channel mode 89
input/output connectors 105
installation guidelines 35
installation order, memory modules 92
installing
adapter 67
air baffle 61
DIMM 92
DVD drive 70
hot-swap hard disk drive 85
microprocessor 97, 98
operating system with ServerGuide 118
operating system without ServerGuide 118
redundant power and cooling option 102
ServeRAID adapter advanced feature key 94
USB or SATA tape drive 80
VRM 101
installing options 21
integrated
management module 8
management module (IMM) 118
network support 10
integrated functions 7
internal cable routing 38
IP address, obtaining for Web interface 121
IPMI 10
H
J
F
fan
hot-swap 6
FAN LED 30
fans 11
FCC Class A notice 132
features 6
IMM 118
RAS 11
remote presence 120
ServerGuide 117
features and technologies 8
filler panel, hard disk drive bay 85
firmware
download updates 35
UEFI-compliant 8
updates 1, 116
forgotten password 114
formatting a hard disk drive 124
front view 13
G
handling static-sensitive devices 37
hard disk drive
activity LED 14, 28
backplane cabling 44
138
JP1 24
JP6 24
jumpers 24
IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
K
keys 2
L
LED
panel, light path diagnostics 16
power supply 31
system board 30
LEDs 13
CNFG 33
diagnostics 12
front of server 13
light path diagnostics 29
operator information panel 28
power-supply 18
power-supply detected problems 18
rear of server 17
system board 25
LEDs, light path
CPU 34
DASD 31
FAN 30
MEM 32
NMI 31
PCI Bus 30
SP 34
TEMP 30
VRM 33
legacy operating system
requirement 117
light path diagnostics
cable routing 43
LED panel 16
LEDs 29
panel 29
local area network (LAN) 10
LSI Configuration Utility
overview 122
starting 123
M
management module, integrated 8
management, system 8
media door, open 58
MEM LED 32
memory 6, 9
two-DIMM-per-channel (2DPC) 87, 88
memory mirroring
description 90
DIMM population sequence 91, 93
memory module
installing 86
order of installation 92
memory sparing
description 93
memory sparing mode 93
menu choices in Setup utility 109
microprocessor 6, 11
microprocessor (continued)
heat sink 100
installation 98
type and installation information 97
mirroring mode 90
N
network options 111
NMI LED 31
noise emissions 7
notes 5
notes, important 130
notices 129
electronic emission 132
FCC, Class A 132
notices and statements 5
O
obtaining IP address for Web interface 121
online
documentation 1
publications 4
opening
power-supply cage 64
operating system 21
operating system installation
with ServerGuide 118
without ServerGuide 118
operator information
panel 28
operator information panel
cable routing 43
optical drive 70
optical drive power cable routing 38
options
installing 21
order of installation, memory modules 92
P
particulate contamination 131
password
administrator 115
power-on 114
passwords 114
PCI
bus LED 30
extender card 23
extender card slots 67
slots 67
power
control button 28
features 19
LED 14
requirement 7
power supply 6
power-control button 14
power-control-button shield 14
power-cord connector 17
Index
139
power-error LED 17
power-on password 114
power-on password, setting 112
power-supply
cage, closing 65
cage, opening 64
LED 31
LEDs 18
LEDs and detected problems 18
power-supply cage
closing 65
opening 64
product data 109
publications 4
R
RAID array, creating 124
RAS features 11
rear view 17
redundant
cooling and power 11
power and cooling option 102
related publications 4
reliability 11
remind button 34
remote presence feature
functions 8
using 120
removing
air baffle 60
left-side cover 57
S
safety information
Statement 13 xiii
Statement 15 xiv
SAS
backplane connectors 27
SATA adapter features 123
SAS power cable routing 44
scan order 67
SCSI hot-swap 12
security, user 112
serial
connector 18
number location 2
server
components 22
configuration, updating 107
firmware, starting backup 116
firmware, UEFI-compliant 8
ServeRAID 11
ServeRAID adapter advanced feature key
installing 94
ServerGuide
CD 9
features 117
using 116
using to install operating system 118
140
ServerProven 21
serviceability 11
settings 113
setup and configuration with ServerGuide 117
Setup utility
menu choices 109
starting 109
using 108
size 6
slots 6
SMP 11
software service and support 128
SP LED 34
specifications 6
Standby mode 19
start options 111
starting
backup server firmware 116
LSI Configuration Utility 123
Setup utility 109
statements and notices 5
static-sensitive devices, handling 37
support, web site 127
supported optional devices 36
SW6 24
switch block 6 switches 24
switches and jumpers, system board 24
symmetric multiprocessing 11
system
error LED 15, 29
event log LED 30
event logs 111
information 109
information LED 15, 29
locator LED 14, 29
power LED 28
reliability guidelines 36
settings 109
summary 109
system board
external connectors 26
internal connectors 23
LED 30
LEDs 25
switches and jumpers 24
Systems Director, updating 125
systems management 8, 11, 12
systems-management connector 18
systems-management features supported 118
T
tape drive
cable routing 38
TCP/IP offload engine (TOE) 11
telephone numbers 128
TEMP LED 30
temperature 7
Tools Center 4
trademarks 129
turning off the server 20
IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
turning on the server 19
two-DIMM-per-channel (2DPC)
requirements 88
U
UEFI
boot recovery jumper 24
server firmware 8
UltraSlim DVD
cable routing 41, 42
United States electronic emission Class A notice
United States FCC Class A notice 132
UpdateXpress 13
updating
IBM Systems Director 125
server configuration 106, 107
USB connectors 18
USB or SATA tape drive 80
user security 112
using
boot selection menu program 116
embedded hypervisor 120
LSI Configuration Utility 122
remote presence feature 120
ServerGuide 116
Setup utility 108
132
V
video
connector 18
VRM
installation 101
LED 33
W
Web interface
logging on to 121
obtaining IP address 121
web site
publication ordering 127
ServerGuide 116
support 127
support line, telephone numbers 128
weight 6
working inside the server with the power on 36
Index
141
142
IBM System x3500 M3 Type 7380: Installation and User’s Guide
Part Number: 81Y6295
Printed in USA
(1P) P/N: 81Y6295
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