License Metrics for QlikView

License Metrics for QlikView
License Metrics for QlikView
The License Metrics are part of the Documentation for QlikView and govern the license and use of the
Software.
1. Client Access Licenses
To connect to a QlikView® Server (QVS), each client needs a Client Access License (CAL). The CALs are
purchased with QlikView Server(s) and associated with the server serial number. CALs are used to connect to the
QlikView Server and cannot be transferred to a QlikView client program or between different QlikView Server
clusters. If a user is required to work with documents residing in different clusters, a separate CAL is needed for
each of the clusters. Note: The CALs require the QlikView Servers within a cluster to be within the same
geographical and physical location and within the same network sub-net/segment.
2. CAL Types
The CALs described below are used to provide users access to the various QlikView Servers identified in Section 9,
QlikView Server Editions. CALs are used for licensing only and have nothing to do with user authentication for data
access purposes.
CAL Type
Description
Named User CAL
A Named User CAL is assigned to a unique and identified user (see Section 3, Identification) for
information on how users are identified) who may access as many QlikView documents as may reside on
the server or server cluster to which the Named User CAL is assigned using one (1) User Connection. A
User Connection is established when a user is identified by the QlikView Server from one QlikView
client program (for example, the AJAX client, QlikView Desktop, or the Internet Explorer plugin) using
a Computer or Tablet or Mobile device.
A Named User CAL may only be transferred to another user in accordance with the license terms and the
user definitions in Section 3 below, in which case there is a 24-hour quarantine before the Named User
CAL can be transferred to another user. There is no time limit for how long a user assigned a Named
User CAL can access a QlikView document.
Document CAL
QV062215
A Document CAL is assigned to a unique and identified user, who may access only the one QlikView
document to which the Document CAL is assigned using one (1) User Connection. A QlikView
document refers to a .qvw file, which is the file format for applications generated by using QlikView.
Multiple Document CALs can be assigned to a particular user. For example, if a user connects to two
QlikView documents, the user will have been assigned two Document CALs. A Document CAL may be
transferred to another user pursuant to the software licensing agreement, in which case there is a 24-hour
quarantine before the Document CAL can be transferred to another user. There is no time limit for how
long a user assigned a Document CAL can access the QlikView document to which the CAL is assigned.
CAL Type
Description
Session CAL
A Session CAL allows any user, identified or anonymous, using one (1) User Connection to access as
many QlikView documents as may reside on the QlikView Server (or server cluster) to which the
Session CAL is assigned for a minimum period of 15 minutes. The term QlikView client program refers
to a QlikView software client such as the AJAX client, QlikView Desktop, or the Internet Explorer
plugin. Each QlikView client program which is opened creates a connection to the QlikView Server
when it connects to an access point or to a QlikView document directly for the first time and utilizes a
separate Session CAL. The session is held open until that instance of the QlikView client program is
closed. Users may open and close multiple QlikView documents in one session as long as the QlikView
client program itself is not closed and reopened. The minimum session time for a Session CAL is 15
minutes, which means that sessions that end in less than 15 minutes will still consume the session until
the 15 minutes has passed. Sessions which terminate after 15 minutes will consume their actual session
length. By default, there is no maximum session length, but this can be configured.
Usage CAL
A Usage CAL allows any user, identified or anonymous, using 1 (one) User Connection to access only
one QlikView document, residing on the server or server cluster to which the Usage CAL is assigned for
a time period of 60 minutes per 28-day period. If a user exceeds the 60 minute time limitation, the user
will have consumed two Usage CALs without any warning being given to the user. Every 28 days, the
Usage CAL is refreshed and the user may once again view a new QlikView document for 60 minutes
using the same Usage CAL. Usage CALs are continuously recharged (at a rate corresponding to 1/28 of
the total number of Usage CALs assigned to the QlikView Server per day).
3. Identified Users
To use a Named User CAL or Document CAL, the user must be identified via an authenticated user name (Windows
Active Directory or through a ticket exchange between the web server and QlikView Server). The two methods of
identification cannot be mixed on the same QlikView Server. An IP address is not a valid form of user identification.
Note that the user name identification requires Windows authentication on AJAX clients, since machine name
identification cannot be used for these clients.
Named and Document CALs, and the NPrinting Designer, are assigned to an identified user and may not be
transferred to another user unless the transfer is due to a i) termination of employment, or ii) a transfer of the prior
user to a new business unit or group resulting in no access to the Qlik Software. When a Named User or Document
CAL is transferred, there is a 24-hour quarantine before the CAL can be used by another user.
4. Document CAL Restrictions
The purpose of the Document CAL is to provide a license to use a single QlikView document. To prevent the
combination of many data models in a single QlikView document, there are restrictions in the documents that can be
used with the Document CAL. The Named User CAL, the Session CAL, and the Usage CAL can be used to open
any functional QlikView document. However. the Document CAL can only be used with QlikView documents that
have a single contiguous data model and do not contain any chasm traps between tables.
Most common data models used in QlikView documents can be used for Document CALs. For instance, proper star
schemas and snowflake schemas typically have the field with the highest cardinality in the fact table and the keys in
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dimensional tables have a lower cardinality. For snowflake schemas, the cardinality decreases further when moving
away from the fact table. Documents containing such models typically fulfill the above demands and are well-suited
for Document CALs.
QlikView documents with multiple logical islands are normally not allowed. Multiple logical islands are only
allowed, if the additional tables are unconnected and contain only few records or a single column.
In addition, the document may not contain any loosely coupled tables.
Finally, the cardinality (that is, the number of distinct values) of the key fields must decrease when moving away
from the fact table.
5. Combining Different CALs
A given instance of QlikView Server can carry any combination of the CAL types listed in Section 2 (CAL Types).
When different CAL types are combined on the same server, the order of priority in the CAL assignment is done as
follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
If there is a dedicated Named User CAL for the connecting client, it is used.
If there is a dedicated Document CAL for the connecting client, it is used.
If a new Named User CAL can be assigned to the connecting client, it is used.
If a new Document CAL can be assigned to the connecting client, it is used.
If there is an available Session CAL, it is used.
If there is an available Usage CAL, it is used.
If none of the above, access is denied.
6. License Lease
A QlikView client program that does not have a registered license is allowed to connect to a QlikView Server and
“borrow” a license, so that the user can work offline for a period of 30 days. The QlikView client program must
then make an authenticated log on (not anonymous) and obtain a Named User CAL. Each time QlikView is started,
QlikView tries to contact the QlikView Server and renew the license lease. If the QlikView client program cannot
reach the server after 30 days, the license lease expires.
A license lease can only be used with QlikView Desktop and the Internet Explorer plugin. This means a license
lease cannot be obtained when using an AJAX client. A license lease is not supported by OEM Servers or Test
Servers.
7. Cluster Licensing
A special type of license is available to allow multiple QlikView Server installations to share the same license serial
number and support shared CALs. The servers are automatically considered as clustered. Note that this
configuration affects networks where unauthorized license sharing between test and production environments has
been configured. Note: The CALs require the QlikView Servers within a cluster to be within the same geographical
and physical location and within the same network sub-net/segment.
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8. Cold Standby Servers
QlikView Server and QlikView NPrinting Server license keys can be installed on as many servers as required for
backup or disaster recovery purposes. However, no more than the licensed number of Servers may be running at
any given time. Thus, a cold standby environment can be installed and ready to run, but cannot be live (that is, the
Windows services cannot be started) and in use prior to the live environment being shut down.
9. QlikView Server Editions & Other Products
The QlikView Server comes in a number of editions designed for different organizations and purposes. Upgrading
is done through the license key. The various editions of QlikView Server are listed below.
Edition
Description
QlikView Enterprise
Edition (EE) Server
QlikView EE Server is designed to be used in large and complex deployments and provides features
such as unlimited documents, server-based collaboration, integration with third-party security systems,
server clustering, and cluster licensing. The minimum configuration of a QlikView EE Server is five
Named User Client Access Licenses (CALs).
QlikView Small
Business Edition
(SBE) Server
QlikView SBE Server is designed to be used in smaller deployments. The minimum configuration of a
QlikView SBE Server is five Named User CALs.
QlikView
Information Access
Server (IAS)
QlikView IAS is a QlikView Server that is licensed for an uncapped number of users and a single
QlikView document. The IAS may be licensed with multiple QlikView documents for an additional
fee. QlikView IAS runs in anonymous mode and must be publically accessible without authentication
(on the public Internet) . The AJAX client or a customized AJAX client can be used via QlikView
WorkBench, which is included in IAS. Note: There is no license lease from QlikView IAS.
QlikView Extranet
Server (QES)
QES allows users to deploy QlikView documents to their extranet in order to permit authorized third
parties located outside of the firewall to view the QlikView documents. Use of this server inside the
LAN is not allowed. The server can be deployed with a combination of Session and Usage CALs.
QES supports mobile clients and can be deployed in clustered environments. The AJAX client or a
customized AJAX client can be used via QlikView WorkBench, which is included in QES.
QlikView Test
Server
QlikView Test Server is a server license that provides an environment separate from production to use
for data validation, application testing, and preparation/migration of QlikView documents to new
versions and/or releases of QlikView. QlikView Test Server comes in two editions, QlikView EE
Test Server and QlikView SBE Test Server, both of which have the same features and limitations as
the corresponding production servers. In addition, the watermark “Test” is superimposed on all charts.
Note: There is no license lease from QlikView Test Server.
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In addition to the QlikView Server editions described above, other available QlikView products are listed below.
Product
Description
QlikView Publisher
QlikView Publisher is a license that adds significant functionality to the standard reload capability of
QlikView Server. QlikView Publisher includes functionality to handle field level security and access
control from central administration software like Window Active Directory or Novell® LDAP.
QlikView Publisher is also needed to support complex distribution models for QlikView documents.
In addition, each license of QlikView Publisher allows an additional node/server for reload,
distribution, or security management in a multi-node/server deployment. With the additional
component QlikView Publisher PDF Report Distribution, any QlikView document report can be
distributed as a .pdf file to a folder or via email or SMTP.
QlikView WorkBench
QlikView WorkBench (an add-on to QlikView EE Server) is a development tool for creating web
mash-ups with QlikView. It features drag and drop editing capabilities within the Microsoft Visual
Studio® development environment and allows for custom web interfaces and integration with thirdparty services. Note: QlikView WorkBench is not available for use with QlikView SBE Server.
QlikView Web Parts
for Microsoft
SharePoint®
QlikView Web Parts (an add-on to QlikView EE Server) for Microsoft SharePoint allows for rapid
deployment of QlikView objects within Microsoft SharePoint portal environments. Note: QlikView
Web Parts is not available for use with QlikView SBE Server.
QlikView Local Client
QlikView Local Client is a client with functionality used to develop QlikView documents. The user
may store or install one (1) backup copy for archival and disaster recovery purposes. The Local Client
may not be shared for use on different computers or servers. If a serial number, password, license key
or other security device is provided to the user for use with the Local Client, the user may not share or
transfer such security device with or to any other user of the Software or any other third party.
QlikView Personal
Edition
Any user registered on QlikView.com may be permitted to download QlikView and develop QlikView
documents for personal use. QlikView Personal Edition cannot open QlikView documents created by
other users or perform an import of an entire layout from an XML file.
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Product
Description
Qlik Connector for
SAP
The Qlik Connector powered by SAP NetWeaver® (“Qlik SAP Connector”) allows users to deploy
QlikView documents tied to SAP modules. The SAP-certified connector works as a read-only remote
function call and enables direct access to SAP data. One Qlik SAP Connector is licensed for each
QlikView Server and NOT based on the number of SAP servers. If Publisher is also licensed with a
QlikView Server, the Qlik SAP Connector is licensed based on the number of Publishers without
regard to the number of QlikView Servers or SAP Servers. If only Desktop is licensed, the Qlik SAP
Connector is licensed for each Desktop. All users allocated a Named User CAL from a QlikView
Server licensed with a Qlik SAP Connector license could use the same license key on the Local Client
(through the license lease).
The following data sources are currently supported:
SAP OLAP connector
SAP Bex connector
SAP Query connector
SAP Report connector
SAP DSO/ODS connector
SAP Extractor connector
SAP BAPI connector
QlikView NPrinting
NPrinting is a report generation, distribution and scheduling application for QlikView.
QlikView NPrinting
Designer
Designer is offered as a named user license, which may be installed on one computer and may only be
assigned to one user at a time. The Designer license is subject to the user definitions in Section 3
above.
QlikView NPrinting
Small Business
Edition (SBE) Server
The SBE Server and Distribution Server License may each be installed on one Server. A Server
means a physical or virtual machine capable of running server software. Each virtual machine,
hardware partition, or blade is considered to be a separate Server. These products do not support the
On Demand printing feature.
QlikView NPrinting
Distribution Server
QlikView NPrinting
Server
The NPrinting Server License may be installed on one Server. A Server means a physical or virtual
machine capable of running server software. Each virtual machine, hardware partition, or blade is
considered to be a separate Server. The On Demand feature in QlikView NPrinting Server is only
supported by the AJAX client.
There is a minimum QlikView license requirement to operate NPrinting. For each instance of a
QlikView NPrinting installation (Designer or Server), a QlikView local client must be installed and
licensed with a valid QlikView local client license key or a leased license through a Named User CAL
manually allocated from a QlikView Server. This requirement is the same regardless of whether the
QlikView NPrinting Designer client and the QlikView NPrinting Server are installed on the same
machine or not.
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10. QlikView Server Features and Limitations
The table below lists the features and limitations of each edition of QlikView Server (Yes = supported, No = not
supported).
EE
SBE
IAS
QES
Named User CALs
Yes
Yes
(max 25)
No
No
Session CALs
Yes
No
Yes
(unlimited)
Yes
Usage CALs
Yes
No
No
Yes
Document CALs
Yes
Yes
(max 100)
No
No
External Users Allowed?
No
No
Yes
Yes
AJAX (and mobile devices via AJAX)
Yes
Yes
Yes
(WorkBench
included)
Yes
(WorkBench
included)
Internet Explorer Plugin
Yes
Yes
No
No
Installed QlikView Client
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Licensing
Clients
Scalability
Can be clustered (additional server license required)
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Unlimited Documents
EE
SBE
Yes
Yes
IAS
QES
Yes
(Additional
fee required
for more than
one
document.)
Yes
Integration
Third Party Security Integration
Yes
No
No
Yes
Dynamic Data Update
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
License Lease (offline access, Named User CALs
required)
Yes
Yes
No
No
Annotations
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Collaboration (sheets, sheet objects, and input fields)
Yes
Yes
No
No
Session Collaboration
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
QlikView Publisher and PDF generation (additional
license required)
Yes
Yes
No
Qlik Connector for use with SAP NetWeaver®
(additional license required)
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Test Server Option
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Can be embedded in Microsoft SharePoint (QlikView
Web Parts for Microsoft SharePoint) (additional license
required)
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Build bespoke mashups/AJAX applications (QlikView
WorkBench) (additional license required)
Yes
No
Yes
(included)
Yes
(included)
Features
Yes
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EE
SBE
IAS
QES
Section Access
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Document Metadata Service (DMS)
Yes
No
No
Yes
Active Directory/NTFS
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Anonymous User
Yes
(with
Session
CALs)
No
Yes
(mandatory)
No
Security
12. Remix
With any new purchase of QlikView CALs, a licensee that is current on maintenance for its QlikView licenses, may
at its option, remix licensee’s QlikView CALs for Qlik Sense Tokens pursuant to the QlikView Remix Policy
located at the Qlik Customer Portal. Use of such Tokens shall be subject to the terms of the applicable license
agreement between Qlik and the licensee. The exercise of such option shall be evidenced by a remix certificate
executed by the licensee.
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