Low Noise Amplifier for 5.7 GHz using the ATF - SP

Low Noise Amplifier for 5.7 GHz using the ATF - SP
Low Noise Amplifier for 5.7 GHz
using the ATF-36077
Low Noise PHEMT
Application Note 1133
Introduction
This application bulletin describes
the use of the ATF-36077 in a 5.7
GHz application. The ATF-36077
amplifier uses microstripline
matching circuitry to obtain a low
noise stable amplifier with good
input and output return loss.
Design
The input microstripline network
matches the ATF-36077 for low
noise and reasonable input return
loss. The output microstripline
network provides a conjugate
impedance match for maximum
associated gain. Some resistive
loading is used to improve stability. Quarterwave bias decoupling
lines with low frequency resistive
terminations are used to couple in
the gate and drain voltage.
For best overall performance
including stability, it is suggested
that both source leads be dc
grounded. The somewhat customary low frequency LNA design
approach of using a source
resistor to bias the FET would
require a source bypass capacitor
with extremely low series inductance. Even a tenth of a nanohenry
of source inductance can cause
very high frequency stability
problems with HEMT devices. The
use of dc grounded source leads
necessitates the use of a negative
voltage to be applied to the gate to
set the desired drain current.
5.76 GHz. A graph of noise figure
and gain versus frequency is
shown in Figure 3. Input and
Output return loss are shown in
Figure 4.
The artwork for the 5.7 GHz
amplifier is shown in Figure 1. The
amplifier was originally designed
for the amateur radio band at 5760
MHz and provides very low noise
performance over the 5725 to 5800
MHz ISM band with no additional
tuning. With minimal tuning the
amplifier can be used anywhere in
the 5 to 6 GHz frequency range. A
schematic diagram and component
parts list is shown in Figure 2.
The nominal gate bias is -0.2 volts
for a drain current of 10 mA. Vds
is set to 1.5 volts. Measured noise
figure is approximately 0.75 dB at
2.0 INCHES
Vdd
INPUT
ATF-36077
OUTPUT
WB5LUA
03/96
Vgg
ER = 2.2
T = 0.031
Figure 1. Artwork for 5.7 GHz Low Noise Amplifier for ER = 2.2 and PCB
thickness 0.031 inches
INPUT
Q1
C1
C2
R3
OUTPUT
0
-2
R2
R1
R4
Vdd
Vgg
C4
C5
C3
RETURN LOSS (dB)
-4
-6
INPUT
-8
-10
-12
-14
OUTPUT
-16
PARTS LIST
C1 1 pF CHIP CAPACITOR (1 TO 2 pF OK)
C2 1 pF CHIP CAPACITOR (1 TO 2 pF OK)
C3, C5 1000 pF // 0.01 µF CHIP CAPACITOR IN PARALLEL
C4 22 pF CHIP CAPACITOR
Q1 AGILENT TECHNOLOGIES ATF-36077 PHEMT
R1, R2 50 OHM CHIP RESISTOR
R3 10-27 OHM CHIP RESISTOR (EFFECTS GAIN/STABILITY)
HIGHER R = LOWER GAIN AND BETTER STABILITY
R4 FOR OPERATION FROM A POWER SUPPLY VOLTAGE OF
5 VOLTS, R4 = 200 OHMS - R3 - R2
-18
5
5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 6.0
FREQUENCY (MHz)
Figure 4. Input and Output Return Loss
Figure 2. 5.7 GHz Low Noise Amplifier Schematic Diagram
Freq.
(MHz)
Gain
(dB)
Noise
Figure (dB)
5000
5050
5100
5150
5200
5250
5300
5350
5400
5450
5500
5550
5600
5650
5700
5750
5800
5850
5900
5950
6000
13.2
13.4
13.6
13.7
13.8
13.8
13.8
13.7
13.6
13.4
13.2
13.1
12.9
12.7
12.6
12.3
12.1
11.6
11.4
11.1
10.6
1.10
1.06
1.02
0.99
0.96
0.92
0.90
0.86
0.83
0.82
0.79
0.79
0.78
0.76
0.76
0.75
0.77
0.78
0.80
0.81
0.86
Figure 3. Gain and Noise Figure
www.semiconductor.agilent.com
Data subject to change.
Copyright © 1999 Agilent Technologies, Inc.
5966-1277E (11/99)
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising