110PV Surface Temperature Probe

110PV Surface Temperature Probe
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
110PV Surface
Temperature Probe
Revision: 3/17
C o p y r i g h t © 2 0 1 0 - 2 0 1 7
C a m p b e l l S c i e n t i f i c , I n c .
Limited Warranty
“Products manufactured by CSI are warranted by CSI to be free from defects in
materials and workmanship under normal use and service for twelve months
from the date of shipment unless otherwise specified in the corresponding
product manual. (Product manuals are available for review online at
www.campbellsci.com.) Products not manufactured by CSI, but that are resold
by CSI, are warranted only to the limits extended by the original manufacturer.
Batteries, fine-wire thermocouples, desiccant, and other consumables have no
warranty. CSI’s obligation under this warranty is limited to repairing or
replacing (at CSI’s option) defective Products, which shall be the sole and
exclusive remedy under this warranty. The Customer assumes all costs of
removing, reinstalling, and shipping defective Products to CSI. CSI will return
such Products by surface carrier prepaid within the continental United States of
America. To all other locations, CSI will return such Products best way CIP
(port of entry) per Incoterms ® 2010. This warranty shall not apply to any
Products which have been subjected to modification, misuse, neglect, improper
service, accidents of nature, or shipping damage. This warranty is in lieu of all
other warranties, expressed or implied. The warranty for installation services
performed by CSI such as programming to customer specifications, electrical
connections to Products manufactured by CSI, and Product specific training, is
part of CSI's product warranty. CSI EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMS AND
EXCLUDES ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY
OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. CSI hereby disclaims,
to the fullest extent allowed by applicable law, any and all warranties and
conditions with respect to the Products, whether express, implied or
statutory, other than those expressly provided herein.”
Assistance
Products may not be returned without prior authorization. The following
contact information is for US and international customers residing in countries
served by Campbell Scientific, Inc. directly. Affiliate companies handle repairs
for customers within their territories. Please visit www.campbellsci.com to
determine which Campbell Scientific company serves your country.
To obtain a Returned Materials Authorization (RMA), contact CAMPBELL
SCIENTIFIC, INC., phone (435) 227-9000. Please write the issued RMA
number clearly on the outside of the shipping container. Campbell Scientific’s
shipping address is:
CAMPBELL SCIENTIFIC, INC.
RMA#_____
815 West 1800 North
Logan, Utah 84321-1784
For all returns, the customer must fill out a “Statement of Product Cleanliness
and Decontamination” form and comply with the requirements specified in it.
The form is available from our website at www.campbellsci.com/repair. A
completed form must be either emailed to repair@campbellsci.com or faxed to
(435) 227-9106. Campbell Scientific is unable to process any returns until we
receive this form. If the form is not received within three days of product
receipt or is incomplete, the product will be returned to the customer at the
customer’s expense. Campbell Scientific reserves the right to refuse service on
products that were exposed to contaminants that may cause health or safety
concerns for our employees.
Safety
DANGER — MANY HAZARDS ARE ASSOCIATED WITH INSTALLING, USING, MAINTAINING, AND WORKING ON OR AROUND
TRIPODS, TOWERS, AND ANY ATTACHMENTS TO TRIPODS AND TOWERS SUCH AS SENSORS, CROSSARMS, ENCLOSURES,
ANTENNAS, ETC. FAILURE TO PROPERLY AND COMPLETELY ASSEMBLE, INSTALL, OPERATE, USE, AND MAINTAIN TRIPODS,
TOWERS, AND ATTACHMENTS, AND FAILURE TO HEED WARNINGS, INCREASES THE RISK OF DEATH, ACCIDENT, SERIOUS
INJURY, PROPERTY DAMAGE, AND PRODUCT FAILURE. TAKE ALL REASONABLE PRECAUTIONS TO AVOID THESE HAZARDS.
CHECK WITH YOUR ORGANIZATION'S SAFETY COORDINATOR (OR POLICY) FOR PROCEDURES AND REQUIRED PROTECTIVE
EQUIPMENT PRIOR TO PERFORMING ANY WORK.
Use tripods, towers, and attachments to tripods and towers only for purposes for which they are designed. Do not exceed design limits.
Be familiar and comply with all instructions provided in product manuals. Manuals are available at www.campbellsci.com or by
telephoning (435) 227-9000 (USA). You are responsible for conformance with governing codes and regulations, including safety
regulations, and the integrity and location of structures or land to which towers, tripods, and any attachments are attached. Installation
sites should be evaluated and approved by a qualified engineer. If questions or concerns arise regarding installation, use, or
maintenance of tripods, towers, attachments, or electrical connections, consult with a licensed and qualified engineer or electrician.
General
• Prior to performing site or installation work, obtain required approvals and permits. Comply
with all governing structure-height regulations, such as those of the FAA in the USA.
• Use only qualified personnel for installation, use, and maintenance of tripods and towers, and
any attachments to tripods and towers. The use of licensed and qualified contractors is highly
recommended.
• Read all applicable instructions carefully and understand procedures thoroughly before
beginning work.
• Wear a hardhat and eye protection, and take other appropriate safety precautions while
working on or around tripods and towers.
• Do not climb tripods or towers at any time, and prohibit climbing by other persons. Take
reasonable precautions to secure tripod and tower sites from trespassers.
• Use only manufacturer recommended parts, materials, and tools.
Utility and Electrical
• You can be killed or sustain serious bodily injury if the tripod, tower, or attachments you are
installing, constructing, using, or maintaining, or a tool, stake, or anchor, come in contact with
overhead or underground utility lines.
• Maintain a distance of at least one-and-one-half times structure height, 20 feet, or the distance
required by applicable law, whichever is greater, between overhead utility lines and the
structure (tripod, tower, attachments, or tools).
• Prior to performing site or installation work, inform all utility companies and have all
underground utilities marked.
• Comply with all electrical codes. Electrical equipment and related grounding devices should be
installed by a licensed and qualified electrician.
Elevated Work and Weather
• Exercise extreme caution when performing elevated work.
• Use appropriate equipment and safety practices.
• During installation and maintenance, keep tower and tripod sites clear of un-trained or nonessential personnel. Take precautions to prevent elevated tools and objects from dropping.
• Do not perform any work in inclement weather, including wind, rain, snow, lightning, etc.
Maintenance
• Periodically (at least yearly) check for wear and damage, including corrosion, stress cracks,
frayed cables, loose cable clamps, cable tightness, etc. and take necessary corrective actions.
• Periodically (at least yearly) check electrical ground connections.
WHILE EVERY ATTEMPT IS MADE TO EMBODY THE HIGHEST DEGREE OF SAFETY IN ALL CAMPBELL SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTS,
THE CUSTOMER ASSUMES ALL RISK FROM ANY INJURY RESULTING FROM IMPROPER INSTALLATION, USE, OR
MAINTENANCE OF TRIPODS, TOWERS, OR ATTACHMENTS TO TRIPODS AND TOWERS SUCH AS SENSORS, CROSSARMS,
ENCLOSURES, ANTENNAS, ETC.
Table of Contents
PDF viewers: These page numbers refer to the printed version of this document. Use the
PDF reader bookmarks tab for links to specific sections.
1. Introduction ................................................................ 1
2. Precautions ................................................................ 1
3. Initial Inspection ......................................................... 1
3.1
Ships With ............................................................................................ 2
4. QuickStart ................................................................... 2
5. Overview ..................................................................... 4
6. Specifications............................................................. 5
7. Installation .................................................................. 8
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
Placement on a Photovoltaic (PV) Module .......................................... 8
Mounting to a PV Module or Other Device ......................................... 9
Cable Strain Relief ............................................................................. 10
Wiring ................................................................................................ 11
Datalogger Programming ................................................................... 11
7.5.1 Resistance Measurement ............................................................. 12
7.5.2 Converting Resistance Measurement to Temperature ................ 12
8. Operation .................................................................. 13
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
Sensor Schematic ............................................................................... 13
Measurement Details.......................................................................... 13
Electrical Noisy Environments .......................................................... 14
Long Lead Lengths ............................................................................ 14
9. Maintenance and Troubleshooting ......................... 16
9.1
9.2
Troubleshooting ................................................................................. 16
Maintenance ....................................................................................... 17
Appendices
A. Importing Short Cut Code Into CRBasic Editor ... A-1
B. Example Programs................................................. B-1
B.1
CR1000 Programs ............................................................................ B-1
B.1.1 Half Bridge CR1000 Program................................................... B-1
B.1.2 4-Wire Half Bridge CR1000 Program ...................................... B-3
B.2
Example CR200X Program.............................................................. B-4
i
Table of Contents
C. Probe Material Properties ...................................... C-1
C.1
C.2
3M 9485PC Adhesive ..................................................................... C-1
Santoprene® ..................................................................................... C-1
5-1.
6-1.
6-2.
6-3.
7-1.
7-2.
7-3.
8-1.
8-2.
110PV Temperature Probe .................................................................. 5
Steinhart-Hart error ............................................................................. 7
110PV measured with a 3-wire half bridge ......................................... 7
110PV measured with a CR1000 using a 4-wire half bridge .............. 8
Types of PV modules .......................................................................... 9
110PV mounted to a PV module using Kapton tape ......................... 10
110PV’s strain relief label ................................................................. 10
110PV Thermistor Probe schematic .................................................. 13
110PV measured with a CR1000 showing effects of cable length
when using a cable offset ............................................................... 14
110PV measured with a CR1000 showing effects of cable length .... 15
110PV measured with a CR200(X) showing effects of cable
length when a cable offset is used .................................................. 15
110PV measured with a CR200(X) showing effects of cable
length ............................................................................................. 16
Figures
8-3.
8-4.
8-5.
Tables
7-1.
B-1.
Connections to Campbell Scientific Dataloggers .............................. 11
Wiring for Example Programs ......................................................... B-1
CRBasic Examples
B-1.
B-2.
B-3.
Half Bridge CR1000 Program ......................................................... B-1
4-Wire Half Bridge CR1000 Program ............................................. B-3
Example CR200X Program ............................................................. B-4
ii
110PV Surface Temperature Probe
1.
Introduction
The 110PV-L temperature probe uses a thermistor to measure temperature
from –40 to 135 °C. It is designed for measuring the back of photovoltaic (PV)
module temperature but also can be used to measure other surface
temperatures. The 110PV-L is compatible with all Campbell Scientific
dataloggers.
NOTE
2.
3.
This manual provides information only for CRBasic dataloggers.
It is also compatible with our retired Edlog dataloggers. For Edlog
datalogger
support,
see
an
older
manual
at
www.campbellsci.com/old-manuals.
Precautions
•
READ AND UNDERSTAND the Safety section at the front of this
manual.
•
Do not use epoxy to secure the 110PV to a PV module.
•
Prying the 110PV off without heating it will likely damage both the probe
and PV module.
•
The 110PV’s cable must be properly strain relieved after mounting the
probe to the measurement surface (Section 7.3, Cable Strain Relief (p. 10)).
•
Placement of the 110PV’s cable inside a rugged conduit is advisable for
long cable runs, especially in locations subject to digging, mowing, traffic,
use of power tools, animals, or lightning strikes.
•
Santoprene® rubber, which composes the black outer jacket of the 110PV
cable, will support combustion in air. It is used because of its resistance to
temperature extremes, moisture, and UV degradation. It is rated as slow
burning when tested according to U.L. 94 H.B. and passes FMVSS302.
However, local fire codes may preclude its use inside buildings.
Initial Inspection
•
Upon receipt of the 110PV, inspect the packaging and contents for
damage. File damage claims with the shipping company.
•
The model number, cable length, and cable resistance are printed on a
label at the connection end of the cable. Check this information against the
shipping documents to ensure the expected product and cable length are
received.
•
Refer to the Ships With list to ensure that all parts are included (see
Section 3.1, Ships With (p. 2).
1
110PV Surface Temperature Probe
3.1
Ships With
The 110PV ships with:
(2) Adhesive-backed, 3 cm, cable tie mount (pn 2376)
(2) Cable tie, 4-inch, UV stabilized (pn 2207)
(1) Resource DVD
4.
QuickStart
Short Cut is an easy way to program your datalogger to measure the 110PV
and assign datalogger wiring terminals. The following procedure shows using
Short Cut to program the 110PV.
2
1.
Install Short Cut by clicking on the install file icon. Get the install file
from either www.campbellsci.com, the ResourceDVD, or find it in
installations of LoggerNet, PC200W, PC400, or RTDAQ software.
2.
The Short Cut installation should place a shortcut icon on the desktop of
your computer. To open Short Cut, click on this icon.
3.
When Short Cut opens, select New Program.
110PV Surface Temperature Probe
4.
Select Datalogger Model and Scan Interval (default of 5 seconds is OK
for most applications). Click Next.
5.
Under the Available Sensors and Devices list, select the Sensors |
Temperature | Soil Moisture | 110PV. Click
to move the selection to
the selected device window. Enter the Cable Resistance. This value is
unique for each 110PV, and is printed on the heat shrink label attached to
the sensor cable. The surface temperature defaults to degree C. This can be
changed by clicking the Temperature box and selecting one of the other
options.
3
110PV Surface Temperature Probe
5.
6.
After selecting the sensor, click at the left of the screen on Wiring
Diagram to see how the sensor is to be wired to the datalogger. Short Cut
uses a 3-wire half bridge measurement, and therefore doesn’t use the blue,
green, and white wires. The wiring diagram can be printed out now or after
more sensors are added.
7.
Select any other sensors you have, then finish the remaining Short Cut
steps to complete the program. The remaining steps are outlined in Short
Cut Help, which is accessed by clicking on Help | Contents |
Programming Steps.
8.
If LoggerNet, PC400, RTDAQ, or PC200W is running on your PC, and the
PC to datalogger connection is active, you can click Finish in Short Cut
and you will be prompted to send the program just created to the
datalogger.
9.
If the sensor is connected to the datalogger, as shown in the wiring
diagram in step 6, check the output of the sensor in the datalogger support
software data display to make sure it is making reasonable measurements.
Overview
The 110PV can provide the photovoltaic (PV) module temperature for solar
energy applications. This measurement is useful since the output of a PV
module is affected by its temperature. As the temperature of the PV module
increases, its output decreases.
The 110PV-L consists of a thermistor encased in an aluminum disk (see
FIGURE 5-1). The aluminum disk protects the thermistor and promotes heat
transfer from surfaces. An adhesive tab on the probe’s aluminum disk fastens
the 110PV to the measurement surface. If the temperature may exceed 70 °C,
also use Kapton tape (pn 27015) to secure the probe to the measurement
surface.
4
110PV Surface Temperature Probe
Stain-relief label
Santoprene®-jacketed cable
Thermistor encased in
an aluminum disk
Overmolded joint
FIGURE 5-1. 110PV Temperature Probe
The –L portion of the probes model number indicates the probe has a userdefined cable length that is specified when the probe is ordered.
The probe’s cable can terminate in:
•
•
•
6.
Pigtails that connect directly to a Campbell Scientific datalogger
(option –PT).
Connector that attaches to a prewired enclosure (option –PW). Refer
to www.campbellsci.com/prewired-enclosures for more information.
Connector that attaches to a CWS900 Wireless Sensor Interface
(option –CWS). The CWS900 allows the 110PV to be used in a
wireless sensor network. Refer to www.campbellsci.com/cws900 for
more information.
Specifications
Features:
•
•
•
•
Easy to install—adhesive strips on the 110PV’s smooth face adhere to
the back of a solar panel or other device
Aluminum disk protects thermistor and promotes heat transfer from
surfaces
Makes accurate measurements in environments with heavy
electromagnetic interference
Compatible with Campbell Scientific CRBasic dataloggers:
CR200(X) series, CR300 series, CR6 series, CR800 series, CR1000,
CR3000, and CR5000
5
110PV Surface Temperature Probe
Temperature Range:
–40 to 135 °C
Survival Range:
–50 to 140 °C
Accuracy1
Worst Case:
Maximum Steinhart-Hart
Linearization Error:
±0.2 °C (–40 to 70 °C)
±0.5 °C (71 to 105 °C)
±1 °C (106 to 135 °C)
0.0024 °C at –40 °C
Maximum Cable Length:
304.8 m (1000 ft)
Disk Diameter:
2.54 cm (1.0 in)
Overall Probe Length:
6.35 cm (2.5 in)
Overmolded Joint Dimensions
Width:
Height:
Length:
1.12 cm (0.44 in)
1.47 cm (0.58 in)
5.72 cm (2.25 in)
Cable Diameter:
0.622 cm (0.245 in)
Material
Disk:
Cable Jacket:
Cable/Probe Connection:
Anodized Aluminum
Santoprene®
Santoprene®
Weight:
90.7 g (0.2 lb) with 3.2 m (10.5 ft) cable
1 FIGURE 6-1 shows the Steinhart-Hart error. FIGURE 6-2 and FIGURE 6-3 show the
temperature uncertainty. The overall probe accuracy is a combination of the thermistor’s
interchangeability specification and the accuracy of the bridge resistor. The major error
component is the interchangeability specification (tolerance) of the thermistor. The
bridge resistor has a 0.1% tolerance with a 10 ppm temperature coefficient. Effects of
cable resistance is discussed in Section 8.4, Long Lead Lengths (p. 14).
6
110PV Surface Temperature Probe
FIGURE 6-1. Steinhart-Hart error
FIGURE 6-2. 110PV measured with a 3-wire half bridge
7
110PV Surface Temperature Probe
FIGURE 6-3. 110PV measured with a CR1000 using a 4-wire half
bridge
7.
Installation
If you are programming your datalogger with Short Cut, skip Section 7.4,
Wiring (p. 11), and Section 7.5, Datalogger Programming (p. 11). Short Cut does
this work for you. See Section 4, QuickStart (p. 2), for a Short Cut tutorial.
7.1
Placement on a Photovoltaic (PV) Module
The PV module may or may not have distinctive solar cells (FIGURE 7-1). If
the PV module does not have distinctive solar cells, center the 110PV on the
back of the PV module. If the module has several distinctive photocells, center
the 110PV on the back of the photocell that is the middle of the PV module.
8
110PV Surface Temperature Probe
PV module without
distinctive solar cells
PV module with
distinctive solar cells
FIGURE 7-1. Types of PV modules
7.2
Mounting to a PV Module or Other Device
The 110PV includes an adhesive mounting strip adhered to the flat surface of
the aluminum disk. To mount the 110PV, remove the paper from the mounting
strip and adhere it to the back of the PV module or other device. The mounting
strip must be adhered to a clean surface for its adhesive to function properly.
If the temperature might exceed 70 °C, use Kapton tape (pn 27015) to secure
the probe to the measurement surface (see FIGURE 7-2).
9
110PV Surface Temperature Probe
FIGURE 7-2. 110PV mounted to a PV module using Kapton tape
7.3
Cable Strain Relief
The 110PV’s cable must be properly strain relieved after mounting the probe to
the measurement surface. To accomplish this, the probe comes with cable ties
and a cable tie mount. A yellow label on the 110PV’s cable indicates where the
cable should be tied down (see FIGURE 7-2 and FIGURE 7-3).
NOTE
Placement of the cable inside a rugged conduit is advisable for
long cable runs, especially in locations subject to digging,
mowing, traffic, use of power tools, animals, or lightning strikes.
FIGURE 7-3. 110PV’s strain relief label
10
110PV Surface Temperature Probe
CAUTION
7.4
Do not use epoxy to secure the 110PV to a PV module.
Wiring
NOTE
When Short Cut software is used to generate the datalogger
program, the sensor should be wired to the channels shown on the
wiring diagram created by Short Cut.
Connections to Campbell Scientific dataloggers are given in TABLE 7-1. Most
CRBasic dataloggers can measure the 110PV using either a 4-wire half bridge
or 3-wire half bridge. The CR200(X) dataloggers can only use a 3-wire half
bridge. The 4-wire half bridge method is preferred because it reduces cable
errors. The 4-wire half bridge method requires two differential input channels
and one voltage excitation channel. The 3-wire half bridge method uses one
single-ended input channel and one voltage excitation channel.
Multiple probes can be connected to the same excitation channel. The number
of probes per excitation channel is physically limited by the number of lead
wires that can be inserted into a single voltage excitation terminal,
approximately six.
TABLE 7-1. Connections to Campbell Scientific Dataloggers
7.5
Color
Description
4-Wire
Half Bridge
3-Wire
Half Bridge
Black
Voltage Excitation
Voltage Excitation
Voltage Excitation
Red
Signal
Differential Input (H)
Single-Ended Input
Purple
Signal Reference
Differential Input (L)
Blue
Signal Reference
⏚
⏚
Not Used
Clear
Shield
Green
Sense +
Differential Input (H)
Not Used
White
Sense –
Differential Input (L)
Not Used
⏚
⏚
Datalogger Programming
Short Cut is the best source for up-to-date datalogger programming code.
Programming code is needed when:
•
•
Creating a program for a new datalogger installation
Adding sensors to an existing datalogger program
If your data acquisition requirements are simple, you can probably create and
maintain a datalogger program exclusively with Short Cut. If your data
acquisition needs are more complex, the files that Short Cut creates are a great
source for programming code to start a new program or add to an existing
custom program.
11
110PV Surface Temperature Probe
NOTE
Short Cut cannot edit programs after they are imported and edited
in CRBasic Editor.
A Short Cut tutorial is available in Section 4, QuickStart (p. 2). If you wish to
import Short Cut code into CRBasic Editor to create or add to a customized
program, follow the procedure in Appendix A, Importing Short Cut Code Into
CRBasic Editor (p. A-1).
Programming basics for CRBasic dataloggers are provided in the following
sections. Complete program examples for select CRBasic dataloggers can be
found in Appendix B, Example Programs (p. B-1). Programming basics and
programming examples for Edlog dataloggers are provided at
www.campbellsci.com\old-manuals.
If applicable, please read Section 8.3, Electrical Noisy Environments (p. 14), and
Section 8.4, Long Lead Lengths (p. 14), prior to programming your datalogger.
Measurement details are provided in Section 8.2, Measurement Details (p. 13).
7.5.1 Resistance Measurement
The CR300 series, CR6, CR800, CR850, CR1000, CR3000, CR5000, and
CR9000(X) can use either the BrHalf4W() instruction or BrHalf() instruction
to measure the 110PV. The BrHalf4W() instruction reduces cable errors, but
the BrHalf() instruction requires fewer input channels.
A typical BrHalf4W() instruction is:
BrHalf4W(Dest,1,mV2500,mV2500,1,Vx1,1,2500,True ,True ,0,250,1.0,0)
A typical BrHalf() instruction is:
BrHalf(Dest,1,mV2500,1,Vx1,1,2500,True ,0,250,1.0,0)
The CR200(X)-series dataloggers use the ExDelSe() instruction to measure the
110PV. The ExDelSe() instruction has the following syntax:
ExDelSE( Dest, Reps, SEChan, ExChan, ExmV, Delay, Mult, Offset )
A multiplier of 1.0 and offset of 0.0 should be used in the ExDelSe(),
BrHalf4W(), and BrHalf() instructions to provide a temperature in degrees
Celsius. For Fahrenheit, multiply the calculated Celsius temperature by 1.8
then add 32.
7.5.2 Converting Resistance Measurement to Temperature
The Steinhart-Hart equation is used to convert the resistance measurement to
temperature.
Temp_C = (1/(A+B*LOG(T110PV_Res)+C*(LOG(T110PV_Res))^3))-273.15
The coefficients used for the Steinhart-Hart equation are:
A=1.129241*10–3
B=2.341077*10–4
C=8.775468*10–8
12
110PV Surface Temperature Probe
8.
Operation
8.1
Sensor Schematic
FIGURE 8-1. 110PV Thermistor Probe schematic
8.2
Measurement Details
Understanding the details in this section is not necessary for general operation
of the 110PV Probe with our dataloggers.
Simple half bridge measurement, ignoring cable resistance, has a measured
voltage, V, of:
V = V EX
4,990
4,990 + Rt
Where VEX is the excitation voltage, 4,990 ohms is the resistance of the fixed
resistor and Rt is the resistance of the thermistor
The resistance of the thermistor is:

V
Rt = 4,990 EX − 1
 V

The Steinhart-Hart equation is used to calculate temperature from Resistance:
TK =
1
A + B ln( RT ) + C (ln( RT ))3
Where TK is the temperature in Kelvin. The Steinhart- Hart coefficients used
are:
A = 1.129241x10–3
B = 2.341077x10–4
C = 8.775468x10–8
13
110PV Surface Temperature Probe
8.3
Electrical Noisy Environments
AC power lines, pumps, and motors, can be the source of electrical noise. If the
110PV probe or datalogger is located in an electrically noisy environment, the
110PV probe should be measured with the 60 or 50 Hz rejection option as
shown in Appendix B.1.1, Half Bridge CR1000 Program (p. B-1), and Appendix
B.1.2, 4-Wire Half Bridge CR1000 Program (p. B-3).
8.4
Long Lead Lengths
Cable resistance can cause significant error (FIGURE 8-2 through FIGURE
8-5). For each 110PV, the cable resistance (ohms) is printed on the heat shrink
label on the sensor cable. When measuring the 110PV in a 3-wire
configuration, the cable resistance can be subtracted from the measured
resistance value (see Appendix B.1.1, Half Bridge CR1000 Program (p. B-1), and
Appendix B.2, Example CR200X Program (p. B-4)).
Alternatively, the 110PV-L’s cable includes leads allowing it to be measured
with a 4-wire half bridge configuration, which corrects for cable resistance (see
Appendix B.1.2, 4-Wire Half Bridge CR1000 Program (p. B-3)).
Additional settling time may be required for lead lengths longer than 300 feet,
where settling time is the delay before the measurement is made. The 60 and
50 Hz integration options include a 3 ms settling time; longer settling times can
be entered into the Settling Time parameter.
FIGURE 8-2. 110PV measured with a CR1000 showing effects of cable
length when using a cable offset
14
110PV Surface Temperature Probe
FIGURE 8-3. 110PV measured with a CR1000 showing effects of cable
length
FIGURE 8-4. 110PV measured with a CR200(X) showing effects of
cable length when a cable offset is used
15
110PV Surface Temperature Probe
FIGURE 8-5. 110PV measured with a CR200(X) showing effects of
cable length
9.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
NOTE
9.1
For all factory repairs, customers must get an RMA. Customers
must also properly fill out a “Declaration of Hazardous Material
and Decontamination” form and comply with the requirements
specified in it. Refer to the Assistance page at the front of this
manual for more information.
Troubleshooting
Symptom: Temperature is NAN, –INF, –9999, –273
Verify the red wire is connected to the correct single-ended analog input
channel as specified by the measurement instruction, the black wire is
connected to the switched excitation channel as specified by the measurement
instruction, and the purple wire is connected to datalogger ground.
Symptom: Incorrect Temperature
Verify the multiplier and offset parameters are correct for the desired units
(Section 7.5, Datalogger Programming (p. 11)). Check the cable for signs of
damage and possible moisture intrusion.
16
110PV Surface Temperature Probe
CAUTION
If the 110PV needs to be sent to Campbell Scientific for
repairs, remember that the probe must be heated to 70 to
80 °C before removing it from the measurement surface.
Prying the probe off without heating it will likely damage both
the probe and the PV module.
Symptom: Unstable Temperature
Try using the 60 or 50 Hz integration options, and/or increasing the settling
time. Make sure the clear shield wire is connected to datalogger ground, and
the datalogger is properly grounded.
9.2
Maintenance
The 110PV probe requires minimal maintenance. Periodically check cabling
for proper connections, signs of damage, and possible moisture intrusion.
17
110PV Surface Temperature Probe
18
Appendix A. Importing Short Cut Code
Into CRBasic Editor
This tutorial shows:
•
How to import a Short Cut program into a program editor for
additional refinement
•
How to import a wiring diagram from Short Cut into the comments of
a custom program
Short Cut creates files, which can be imported into CRBasic Editor. Assuming
defaults were used when Short Cut was installed, these files reside in the
C:\campbellsci\SCWin folder:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
.DEF (wiring and memory usage information)
.CR2 (CR200(X)-series datalogger code)
.CR300 (CR300-series datalogger code)
.CR6 (CR6-series datalogger code)
.CR8 (CR800-series datalogger code)
.CR1 (CR1000 datalogger code)
.CR3 (CR3000 datalogger code)
.CR5 (CR5000 datalogger code)
Use the following procedure to import Short Cut code and wiring diagram into
CRBasic Editor.
NOTE
1.
Create the Short Cut program following the procedure in Section 4,
QuickStart (p. 2). Finish the program and exit Short Cut. Make note of the
file name used when saving the Short Cut program.
2.
Open CRBasic Editor.
3.
Click File | Open. Assuming the default paths were used when Short Cut
was installed, navigate to C:\CampbellSci\SCWin folder. The file of
interest has the .CR2, .CR300, .CR6, .CR8, .CR1, .CR3, or .CR5
extension. Select the file and click Open.
4.
Immediately save the file in a folder different from
C:\Campbellsci\SCWin, or save the file with a different file name.
Once the file is edited with CRBasic Editor, Short Cut can no
longer be used to edit the datalogger program. Change the name
of the program file or move it, or Short Cut may overwrite it next
time it is used.
5.
The program can now be edited, saved, and sent to the datalogger.
6.
Import wiring information to the program by opening the associated .DEF
file. Copy and paste the section beginning with heading “-Wiring for
CRXXX–” into the CRBasic program, usually at the head of the file. After
pasting, edit the information such that an apostrophe (') begins each line.
This character instructs the datalogger compiler to ignore the line when
compiling.
A-1
Appendix B. Example Programs
TABLE B-1. Wiring for Example Programs
Datalogger Connection
Color
Description
BrHalf
BrHalf4W
Black
Voltage Excitation
VX1 or EX1
VX1 or EX1
Red
Signal
SE1
Diff 1H
Purple
Signal Reference
Diff 1L
Blue
Signal Reference
⏚
Not Used
Clear
Shield
Green
Sense +
⏚
Not Used
⏚
Diff 2H
White
Sense –
Not Used
Diff 2L
⏚
B.1 CR1000 Programs
B.1.1 Half Bridge CR1000 Program
CRBasic Example B-1. Half Bridge CR1000 Program
'CR1000 Series Datalogger
'This example program measures a single 110PV-L probe utilizing
'the BrHalf instruction once a second and stores the average
'temperature in degrees C every 10 minutes.
'110PV-L Wiring
'Lead Color
'Black
'Red
'Purple
'Blue
'Green
'White
'Clear
Configuration
CR1000 Channel
VX1
SE1
AG
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
AG
Description
Voltage Excitation
Signal
Signal Reference
N/A
N/A
N/A
Shield
'Declare variables for temperature measurement using Half Bridge configuration
Public T110PV_mV
Public T110PV_Res
Public T110PV_Temp_C
Public T110PV_Temp_F
'Declare Constants to be used in Steinhart-Hart equation
Const A=1.129241*10^-3
Const B=2.341077*10^-4
Const C=8.775468*10^-8
Const R_cable=0 'see sensor cable for cable resistance
'Declare variable units
Units T110PV_mV= millivolts
Units T110PV_Res=Ohms
Units T110PV_Temp_C=Deg C
B-1
Appendix B. Example Programs
Units T110PV_Temp_F=Deg F
'Define a data table for 10 minute averages
DataTable (AvgTemp,1,1000)
DataInterval (0,10,Min,10)
Average (1,T110PV_Temp_C,FP2,False)
EndTable
BeginProg
Scan (1,Sec,3,0)
'Measure 110PV-L probe
BrHalf (T110PV_mV,1,mV2500,1,Vx1,1,2500,True ,0,_60Hz,1.0,0)
'Convert mV to ohms
T110PV_Res=4990*(1-T110PV_mV)/T110PV_mV
'Subtract off cable resistance (see 110PV-L cable for R_cable)
T110PV_Res= T110PV_Res-R_cable
'Using the Steinhart-Hart equation to convert resistance to temperature
T110PV_Temp_C = (1/(A+B*LOG(T110PV_Res)+C*(LOG(T110PV_Res))^3))-273.15
'Convert Celsius to Fahrenheit
T110PV_Temp_F = T110PV_Temp_C * 1.8 + 32
'Call AvgTemp data table
CallTable AvgTemp
NextScan
EndProg
B-2
Appendix B. Example Programs
B.1.2 4-Wire Half Bridge CR1000 Program
CRBasic Example B-2. 4-Wire Half Bridge CR1000 Program
'CR1000 Series Datalogger
'This example program measures a single 110PV-L probe utilizing the
'BRHalf4Winstruction once a second and stores the
'average temperature in degrees C every 10 minutes.
'110PV-L Wiring
'Lead Color
'Black
'Red
'Purple
'Blue
'Green
'White
'Clear
Configuration
CR1000 Channel
VX1/EX1
DIFF1H
DIFF1L
AG
DIFF2H
DIFF2L
AG
Description
Voltage Excitation
Signal
Signal Reference
Signal Reference
Sense +
Sense Shield
'Declare variables for temperature measurement using Half Bridge configuration
Public T110PV_mV
Public T110PV_Res
Public T110PV_Temp_C
Public T110PV_Temp_F
'Declare constants to be used in Steinhart-Hart equation
Const A=1.129241*10^-3
Const B=2.341077*10^-4
Const C=8.775468*10^-8
'Declare variable units
Units T110PV_mV= millivolts
Units T110PV_Res=Ohms
Units T110PV_Temp_C=Deg C
Units T110PV_Temp_F=Deg F
'Define a data table for 10 minute averages
DataTable (AvgTemp,1,1000)
DataInterval (0,10,Min,10)
Average (1,T110PV_Temp_C,FP2,False)
EndTable
BeginProg
Scan (1,Sec,3,0)
'Measure 110PV-L probe
BrHalf4W (T110PV_mV,1,mV2500,mV2500,1,Vx1,1,2500,True,True,0,_60Hz,1.0,0)
'Convert mV to ohms
T110PV_Res=4990 *T110PV_mV
'Use the Steinhart-Hart equation to convert resistance to temperature
T110PV_Temp_C = (1/(A+B*LOG(T110PV_Res)+C*(LOG(T110PV_Res))^3))-273.15
'Convert Celsius to Fahrenheit
T110PV_Temp_F = T110PV_Temp_C * 1.8 + 32
CallTable AvgTemp
NextScan
EndProg
B-3
Appendix B. Example Programs
B.2 Example CR200X Program
CRBasic Example B-3. Example CR200X Program
'CR200 Series Datalogger
'This example program measures a single 110PV-L probe
'once a second using the ExDelSE instruction and stores
'the average temperature in degrees C every 10 minutes.
'110PV-L Wiring
'Lead Color
'Black
'Red
'Purple
'Blue
'Green
'White
'Clear
configuration for program example
CR200(X) Channel
Description
VX1
Voltage Excitation
SE1
Signal
AG
Signal Reference
Not Used
N/A
Not Used
N/A
Not Used
N/A
AG
Shield
'Declare variables for temperature measurement
Public T110PV_mV
Public T110PV_Res
Public T110PV_Temp_C
Public T110PV_Temp_F
'Declare constants to be used in Steinhart-Hart equation
Const A=1.129241*10^-3
Const B=2.341077*10^-4
Const C=8.775468*10^-8
Const R_cable=0 'see sensor cable for cable resistance
'Declare variable units
Units T110PV_mV= millivolts
Units T110PV_Res=Ohms
Units T110PV_Temp_C=Deg C
'Define a data table for 10 minute averages
DataTable (AvgTemp,1,1000)
DataInterval (0,10,min)
Average (1,T110PV_Temp_C,False)
EndTable
'Main Program
BeginProg
Scan (1,Sec)
'Measure 110PV-L probe with SE1
ExDelSE (T110PV_mV,1,1,Ex1,mV2500,500,1.0,0)
'Convert mV to ohms
T110PV_Res = 4990*(2500/T110PV_mV)-4990
'Subtract off cable resistance (see 110PV-L cable for R_cable)
T110PV_Res = T110PV_Res-R_cable
'Using the Steinhart-Hart equation to convert resistance to temperature
T110PV_Temp_C = (1/(A+B*LOG(T110PV_Res)+C*(LOG(T110PV_Res))^3))-273.15
'Convert Celsius to Fahrenheit
T110PV_Temp_F = T110PV_Temp_C * 1.8 + 32
'Call AvgTemp data table
CallTable AvgTemp
NextScan
EndProg
B-4
Appendix C. Probe Material Properties
The probe consists of 6061 aluminum (clear anodized), thermistor, 3M9485PC
adhesive, and Santoprene® jacketed cable.
C.1 3M 9485PC Adhesive
Humidity Resistance: High humidity has a minimal effect on adhesive
performance. Bond strengths are generally higher after exposure for 7 days at
90 °F (32 °C) and 90% relative humidity.
U.V. Resistance: When properly applied, nameplates and decorative trim parts
are not adversely affected by outdoor exposure.
Water Resistance: Immersion in water has no appreciable effect on the bond
strength. After 100 hours in room temperature water the bond actually shows
an increase in strength.
Temperature Cycling Resistance: Bond strength generally increases after
cycling four times through:
•
•
•
4 hours at 158 °F (70 °C)
4 hours at –20 °F (–29 °C)
16 hours at room temperature
Chemical Resistance: When properly applied, adhesive will hold securely
after exposure to numerous chemicals including gasoline, oil, Freon™ TF,
sodium chloride solution, mild acids, and alkalis.
Heat Resistance: Adhesive 350 is usable for short periods (minutes, hours) at
temperatures up to 350 °F (177 °C) and for intermittent longer periods (days,
weeks) up to 250 °F (121 °C).
Low Temperature Service: –40 °F (–40 °C). Parts should be tested for low
temperature shock service.
C.2 Santoprene®
The following information is from Advanced Elastomer Systems; Santoprene
Rubber Fluid Resistance Guide; pp 2, 3, 9; copyright 2000.
C-1
Appendix C. Probe Material Properties
C-2
Appendix C. Probe Material Properties
C-3
Appendix C. Probe Material Properties
C-4
Campbell Scientific Companies
Campbell Scientific, Inc.
815 West 1800 North
Logan, Utah 84321
UNITED STATES
www.campbellsci.com • info@campbellsci.com
Campbell Scientific Canada Corp.
14532 – 131 Avenue NW
Edmonton AB T5L 4X4
CANADA
www.campbellsci.ca • dataloggers@campbellsci.ca
Campbell Scientific Africa Pty. Ltd.
PO Box 2450
Somerset West 7129
SOUTH AFRICA
www.campbellsci.co.za • cleroux@csafrica.co.za
Campbell Scientific Centro Caribe S.A.
300 N Cementerio, Edificio Breller
Santo Domingo, Heredia 40305
COSTA RICA
www.campbellsci.cc • info@campbellsci.cc
Campbell Scientific Southeast Asia Co., Ltd.
877/22 Nirvana@Work, Rama 9 Road
Suan Luang Subdistrict, Suan Luang District
Bangkok 10250
THAILAND
www.campbellsci.asia • info@campbellsci.asia
Campbell Scientific Ltd.
Campbell Park
80 Hathern Road
Shepshed, Loughborough LE12 9GX
UNITED KINGDOM
www.campbellsci.co.uk • sales@campbellsci.co.uk
Campbell Scientific Australia Pty. Ltd.
PO Box 8108
Garbutt Post Shop QLD 4814
AUSTRALIA
www.campbellsci.com.au • info@campbellsci.com.au
Campbell Scientific Ltd.
3 Avenue de la Division Leclerc
92160 ANTONY
FRANCE
www.campbellsci.fr • info@campbellsci.fr
Campbell Scientific (Beijing) Co., Ltd.
8B16, Floor 8 Tower B, Hanwei Plaza
7 Guanghua Road
Chaoyang, Beijing 100004
P.R. CHINA
www.campbellsci.com • info@campbellsci.com.cn
Campbell Scientific Ltd.
Fahrenheitstraße 13
28359 Bremen
GERMANY
www.campbellsci.de • info@campbellsci.de
Campbell Scientific do Brasil Ltda.
Rua Apinagés, nbr. 2018 ─ Perdizes
CEP: 01258-00 ─ São Paulo ─ SP
BRASIL
www.campbellsci.com.br • vendas@campbellsci.com.br
Campbell Scientific Spain, S. L.
Avda. Pompeu Fabra 7-9, local 1
08024 Barcelona
SPAIN
www.campbellsci.es • info@campbellsci.es
Please visit www.campbellsci.com to obtain contact information for your local US or international representative.
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising