SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2 Encoders

SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2 Encoders
Installation and Operation Manual
SEL‐1ENC1/SEL‐1ENC2
SelenioTM MCP 8‐Bit/10‐Bit Universal Encoders
Version 7.2
175‐100266‐00
Publication Information
© 2014 Imagine Communications Corp. Proprietary and Confidential.
Imagine Communications considers this document and its contents to be proprietary and confidential. Except for making a reasonable number of copies for your own internal use, you may not reproduce this publication, or any part thereof, in any form, by any method, for any purpose, or in any language other than English without the written consent of Imagine Communications. All others uses are illegal.
This publication is designed to assist in the use of the product as it exists on the date of publication of this manual, and may not reflect the product at the current time or an unknown time in the future. This publication does not in any way warrant description accuracy or guarantee the use for the product to which it refers. Imagine Communications reserves the right, without notice to make such changes in equipment, design, specifications, components, or documentation as progress may warrant to improve the performance of the product.
Trademarks
SelenioTM is a trademark of Imagine Communications or its subsidiaries. Microsoft® and Windows® are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. HD‐BNC is a trademark of Amphenol Corporation. Manufactured under license from Dolby Laboratories. Dolby and the double‐D symbol are registered trademarks of Dolby Laboratories. DTS Neural audio products are manufactured under license from DTS Licensing Limited. DTS and the Symbol are registered trademarks & the DTS Logos are trademarks of DTS, Inc. © 2008‐2010 DTS, Inc. All other trademarks and trade names are the property of their respective companies.
Contact Information
Imagine Communications has office locations around the world. For locations and contact information see: http://www.imaginecommunications.com/contact‐us/
Support Contact Information
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Academy Training (http://www.imaginecommunicationsacademy.com)
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Product Manuals (http://www.imaginecommunications.com/services/
product-manuals)
iii
Contents
Contents iii
Preface ........................................................................................................................ vii
Manual Information ..................................................................................................... vii
Purpose .................................................................................................................... vii
Audience .................................................................................................................. vii
Revision History ........................................................................................................ vii
Writing Conventions ................................................................................................ viii
Obtaining Documents .............................................................................................. viii
Unpacking/Shipping Information .............................................................................. viii
Unpacking a Product ............................................................................................... viii
Product Servicing ....................................................................................................... ix
Returning a Product ................................................................................................... ix
Safety Standards and Compliances ............................................................................. ix
Restriction on Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Compliance ........................................... ix
Waste from Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Compliance ...........................x
Safety Terms and Symbols in this Manual ...................................................................x
SEL-1ENC1/ENC2
Installation, Operation, and Specifications ............................................. 1
Product Description ....................................................................................................... 1
Main Features ................................................................................................................ 1
Video Formats ........................................................................................................... 1
Encoded Stream ........................................................................................................ 2
Coding Formats ......................................................................................................... 2
Horizontal Resolutions ............................................................................................... 2
Reduced Resolutions (ENC1) ...................................................................................... 2
Video Pre-Processing (ENC1) ...................................................................................... 2
Audio Input ............................................................................................................... 2
Audio Pre-Processing ................................................................................................. 2
Audio Encoder Engines .............................................................................................. 3
VANC Processing ....................................................................................................... 3
VBI Processing ........................................................................................................... 3
Data Input ................................................................................................................. 3
Modules and License Key Options ............................................................................... 4
3DTV Functionality .................................................................................................... 8
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Installation and Operation Manual
Front Module ................................................................................................................. 8
Back Modules ................................................................................................................. 9
Back Module Pinouts ............................................................................................... 10
Signal Flow .................................................................................................................. 11
Installing SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2 Modules in an MCP3 Frame .......................... 12
Removing Selenio Modules ........................................................................................ 13
Front Module ........................................................................................................... 13
Back Module ............................................................................................................ 14
Setting Up IP Sources and Destinations ..................................................................... 14
Ethernet Interfaces ................................................................................................... 14
IP Interfaces, Primary and Secondary ........................................................................ 15
IP Destinations, Unicast and Multicast ...................................................................... 17
Upgrading Module Firmware ..................................................................................... 22
Upgrade Failure Instructions ..................................................................................... 22
Parameters in the SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2 Modules ............................................ 23
Accessing MIBs ........................................................................................................ 23
Video Input .................................................................................................................. 24
General .................................................................................................................... 24
Status ...................................................................................................................... 27
Video Compression ..................................................................................................... 27
Status ...................................................................................................................... 33
Advanced Parameters (ENC1) ................................................................................... 34
PIP (ENC1) ..................................................................................................................... 38
Name ....................................................................................................................... 38
Tag .......................................................................................................................... 38
GOP Size .................................................................................................................. 38
Pip Video Bitrate Mode and Pip Video Bitrate ........................................................... 39
Total TS Rate ............................................................................................................ 39
PIP Resolution .......................................................................................................... 39
Audio Input Status ...................................................................................................... 39
AAP 1 Configuration ................................................................................................... 41
Software Key License Keys for Advanced Audio Processing ...................................... 41
Enabling Advanced Audio Processing Modes ............................................................ 41
Accessing Outputs of the Advanced Audio Processing Function ............................... 42
DTS Neural Loudness Control 1 to 4 ......................................................................... 44
Audio 1-8 ...................................................................................................................... 47
Status ...................................................................................................................... 56
AAC ........................................................................................................................ 57
Dolby E Encoder ....................................................................................................... 58
Metadata ................................................................................................................. 58
Metadata Generator 1 and 2 ...................................................................................... 60
Setup Instructions for Dolby Digital and Dolby Digital Plus ........................................ 64
Dolby E Compression Setup ..................................................................................... 65
Metadata Setup for Dolby E and Dolby Digital .......................................................... 67
Data .............................................................................................................................. 68
Status ...................................................................................................................... 68
Ancillary ................................................................................................................... 68
Ancillary Status ........................................................................................................ 71
VBI ........................................................................................................................... 71
SEL-1ENC1/SEL-1ENC2
Document Type Variable
Closed Caption ........................................................................................................ 73
AFD ......................................................................................................................... 74
KLV ......................................................................................................................... 75
Subtitles .................................................................................................................. 76
VBI over VANC ........................................................................................................ 76
VBI over VANC Status .............................................................................................. 78
Splice ...................................................................................................................... 78
Ext Data .................................................................................................................. 80
Transport Stream Mux ................................................................................................ 80
MPEG Parameters (Main Program) ........................................................................... 81
MPEG Parameters (PIP Program; SEL-1ENC1) ........................................................... 81
SI Parameters ........................................................................................................... 81
ASI Output .............................................................................................................. 82
ASI Status ................................................................................................................ 82
BISS ......................................................................................................................... 82
IP Encapsulation .......................................................................................................... 84
Main Program IP ...................................................................................................... 84
Main Program IP Status ........................................................................................... 84
ATSC MH IP (SEL-1ENC1) ......................................................................................... 84
PIP Program IP (SEL-1ENC1) ..................................................................................... 85
PIP Program IP Status (ENC1 Only) ........................................................................... 85
Miscellaneous .............................................................................................................. 85
General ................................................................................................................... 85
Parameter Control Script ......................................................................................... 86
Control ......................................................................................................................... 88
IP LANs .................................................................................................................... 88
Primary and Secondary Data IP LAN ......................................................................... 88
GPIx ........................................................................................................................ 88
Custom GPI ............................................................................................................. 88
Serial ...................................................................................................................... 90
Procedures (ENC1 Only) .............................................................................................. 91
ATSC Mobile Handheld ........................................................................................... 91
ATSC MH IP Settings ............................................................................................... 99
Selenio ISDB-Tb Settings (Fixed) ............................................................................. 102
Selenio ISDB-Tb Settings (Mobile) .......................................................................... 104
Simultaneous Main and PIP Encoding Additional Procedure ................................... 112
Laser Safety for Fiber Optic Back Modules ............................................................. 118
Precautions for Enclosed Systems ........................................................................... 118
Precautions for Unenclosed Systems ...................................................................... 118
Label ........................................................................................................................... 119
Inspecting and Cleaning Fiber Optic Connections .................................................. 119
Important Points .................................................................................................... 119
Inspection and Cleaning Procedure ........................................................................ 121
Alarm List (Faults) ..................................................................................................... 122
Specifications ............................................................................................................ 124
ASI Output ............................................................................................................ 124
Separate Audio Input Specifications ....................................................................... 124
Video Input Specifications ...................................................................................... 125
SFP Receiver Specifications ..................................................................................... 126
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SEL-1ENC1/SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Video Output Specifications ................................................................................... 127
Power Consumption .............................................................................................. 128
Index ......................................................................................................................... 129
vii
Preface
Manual Information
Purpose
This manual details the features, installation, operation, maintenance, and specifications for
the SEL-1ENC1/SEL-1ENC2 8-Bit/10-Bit Universal Encoders.
Audience
This manual is written for engineers, technicians, and operators responsible for installation,
setup, maintenance, and/or operation of the SEL-1ENC1/SEL-1ENC2 8-Bit/10-Bit Universal
Encoders.
Revision History
Table 1-1 Revision History of Manual
Edition
Date
Comments
A
March 2011
Initial release
B
May 2011
Installation modifications
C
August 2011
Addition of ISDB, ATSC, PIP, and other features
D
March 2012
Addition of 10-bit encoder version
E
June 2012
External metadata changes, additional features and
parameter updates
F
July 2013
Addition of Dolby® Digital Plus, Dolby E decoding,
DTS® Neural Loudness Control, AVC-I encoding, audio/
video genlock, and other product improvements
G
July 2014
Addition of scripts for custom GPI and parameter
control, support for separately timed audio from
encoded video, SCTE-104 splice cancel section, captions
for ISDB mobile channel
Version 7.2
November 2015
Corrections to feature list and custom scripting
examples
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SEL-1ENC1/SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Writing Conventions
To enhance your understanding, the authors of this manual have adhered to the following
text conventions:
Table 1-2 Writing Conventions
Term or Convention Description
Bold
Indicates dialog boxes, property sheets, fields, buttons, check
boxes, list boxes, combo boxes, menus, submenus, windows,
lists, and selection names
Italics
Indicates E-mail addresses, the names of books or publications,
and the first instances of new terms and specialized words that
need emphasis
CAPS
Indicates a specific key on the keyboard, such as ENTER, TAB,
CTRL, ALT, or DELETE
Code
Indicates variables or command-line entries, such as a DOS entry
or something you type into a field
>
Indicates the direction of navigation through a hierarchy of
menus and windows
hyperlink
Indicates a jump to another location within the electronic
document or elsewhere
Internet address
Indicates a jump to a website or URL
Note
Indicates important information that helps to avoid and
troubleshoot problems
Obtaining Documents
Product support documents can be viewed or downloaded from our website. Alternatively,
contact your Customer Service representative to request a document.
Unpacking/Shipping Information
Unpacking a Product
This product was carefully inspected, tested, and calibrated before shipment to ensure years
of stable and trouble-free service.
1
Check equipment for any visible damage that may have occurred during transit.
2
Confirm that you have received all items listed on the packing list.
3
Contact your dealer if any item on the packing list is missing.
4
Contact the carrier if any item is damaged.
5
Remove all packaging material from the product and its associated components before you
install the unit.
Keep at least one set of original packaging, in the event that you need to return a product
for servicing.
SEL-1ENC1/SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Product Servicing
Except for firmware upgrades, SEL-1ENC1/SEL-1ENC2 modules are not designed for field
servicing. All hardware upgrades, modifications, or repairs require you to return the
modules to the Customer Service center.
Returning a Product
In the unlikely event that your product fails to operate properly, please contact Customer
Service to obtain a Return Authorization (RA) number, and then send the unit back for
servicing.
Keep at least one set of original packaging in the event that a product needs to be returned
for service. If the original package is not available, you can supply your own packaging as
long as it meets the following criteria:

The packaging must be able to withstand the product’s weight.

The product must be held rigid within the packaging.

There must be at least 2 in. (5 cm) of space between the product and the container.

The corners of the product must be protected.
Ship products back to us for servicing prepaid and, if possible, in the original packaging
material. If the product is still within the warranty period, we will return the product prepaid
after servicing.
Safety Standards and Compliances
The Selenio series safety manual is shipped in the Infrastructure and Networking
Documentation and Product Resources DVD, and can be downloaded from our website.
Restriction on Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Compliance
Directive 2002/95/EC—commonly known as the European Union (EU) Restriction on
Hazardous Substances (RoHS)—sets limits on the use of certain substances found in
electrical and electronic equipment. The intent of this legislation is to reduce the amount of
hazardous chemicals that may leach out of landfill sites or otherwise contaminate the
environment during end-of-life recycling. The Directive, which took effect on July 1, 2006,
refers to the following hazardous substances:
Lead (Pb)
Mercury (Hg)

Cadmium (Cd)

Hexavalent Chromium (Cr-VI)

Polybrominated Biphenyls (PBB)

Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDE)
According to this EU Directive, all products sold in the European Union will be fully
RoHS-compliant and “lead-free.” (See our website for more information on dates and
deadlines for compliance.) Spare parts supplied for the repair and upgrade of equipment
sold before July 1, 2006 are exempt from the legislation. Equipment that complies with the
EU directive will be marked with a RoHS-compliant emblem, as shown in Figure P-1.


Figure P-1 RoHS Compliance Emblem
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SEL-1ENC1/SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Waste from Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Compliance
The European Union (EU) Directive 2002/96/EC on Waste from Electrical and Electronic
Equipment (WEEE) deals with the collection, treatment, recovery, and recycling of electrical
and electronic waste products. The objective of the WEEE Directive is to assign the
responsibility for the disposal of associated hazardous waste to either the producers or users
of these products. As of August 13, 2005, the producers or users of these products were
required to recycle electrical and electronic equipment at end of its useful life, and may not
dispose of the equipment in landfills or by using other unapproved methods. (Some EU
member states may have different deadlines.)
In accordance with this EU Directive, companies selling electric or electronic devices in the
EU will affix labels indicating that such products must be properly recycled. (See our website
for more information on dates and deadlines for compliance.) Contact your local Sales
representative for information on returning these products for recycling. Equipment that
complies with the EU directive will be marked with a WEEE-compliant emblem, as shown in
Figure P-2.
Figure P-2 WEEE Compliance Emblem
Safety Terms and Symbols in this Manual
This product manual uses the following safety terms and symbols to identify certain
conditions or practices. See page 118 and the Safety Instructions and Standards Manual for
more information.
WARNING
Statements identifying conditions or practices that may result in personal injury or loss of
life. High voltage is present.
CAUTION
Statements identifying conditions or practices that can result in damage to the equipment
or other property.
1
SEL-1ENC1/ENC2
Installation, Operation, and Specifications
Product Description
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2 modules provide MPEG-2 and H.264 compression of digital
video, with a variety of common compression algorithms for up to 8 stereo pairs of audio,
and processing of associated VBI and VANC data.
The SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2 support either standard-definition (SD) or high-definition
(HD) SDI video and a full range of North American and European formats. In addition, the
module also provides a reduced-resolution compressed stream output, which can be used to
support mobile broadcast picture-in-picture requirements in IPTV deployments, or for stream
monitoring requirements in network deployments.
A variety of audio compression options are available, including MPEG-1 layer 2, Dolby®
Digital (AC-3), Dolby Digital Plus, Dolby E, AAC-HE and AAC-LC. All audio can be presented
to the encoder as embedded on the SDI, or as separate AES inputs. (AAC-HE, AAC-LC ≤80
kbps, and Dolby encodings < 96 kbps are not supported for low latency.)*
The ENC2 is designed as a “contribution” encoder and therefore has a much lower latency
than the ENC1 “distribution” encoder. Due to its lower latency, the ENC2 normally operates
at a higher bitrate than the ENC1 for the same picture quality. Additionally, the ENC2
supports 422 coding and 10-bit coding for H264.
*Low latency is defined as video system delay of <650 ms.
Main Features
The SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2 provide support for the following:
Video Formats

1080p/59.94, 1080p/50 - SMPTE425 Level A

1080i/29.97, 1080i/25 - SMPTE292

720p/59.94, 720p/50 - SMPTE292

480i/29.97 - SMPTE259

576i/25 - SMPTE259
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SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Encoded Stream

Primary SD/HD encoded stream and secondary stream encoded at lower resolutions for
mobile, picture-in-picture, or monitoring (secondary encoded stream is not supported
when the primary stream is encoding a 1080p video source)
Coding Formats

H.264 High

H.264 Main

H.264 Baseline

MPEG-2 422

MPEG-2 Main

H.264 AVCI 50, H.264 AVCI 100 as defined in SMPTE RP-2027 (ENC2 only)

H.264 High10 Intra, H.264 High10, H.264 422 Intra, H.264 422 (ENC2 only)
Horizontal Resolutions

1920 - 1440, 1280, 960

1280 - 960, 640

720 - 704, 640, 544, 528, 480, 352
Reduced Resolutions (ENC1)

CIF (352x240/288)

QVGA (320x240 [4:3] 320x180 [16:9])

SQVGA (160x120 [4:3] 160x90 [16:9])

M/H (416x240 [letterbox for 4:3])
Video Pre-Processing (ENC1)

Inverse telecine

Motion compensated temporal filtering (MCTF)

De-blocking filter

Eight (High-Density) HD-BNCTM connectors on the rear connector board for audio input

Embedded audio from the SDI video input
Audio Input
Audio Pre-Processing

Dolby E Decoder

DTS Neural Loudness Control
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Audio Encoder Engines

MPEG-1 Layer 2

Dolby Digital (AC-3)

Dolby Digital Plus

AAC-LC (MPEG-2 and MPEG-4)

AAC-HE V1 (SBR) and V2 (Parametric Stereo)

Dolby E

SMPTE 302
VANC Processing

VANC passthrough (SMPTE 2038 and RDD-11) up to 2K words per field

KLV

EIA-608/708 closed captioning

AFD

DVITC time code

OP-47 teletext

Audio metadata
VBI Processing

EIA-608 closed captioning

WSS signaling

WST teletext

VITC time code

AMOL-48 or AMOL-96

VPS data

SCTE-35/SCTE-104

SMPTE 2031

KLV

KLV ESD

Lossless luma

Closed captions from IP/UDP or Serial Port

GPI triggers from back module

Serial data from back module
Data Input
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SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Modules and License Key Options
To add license keys to a SEL-1ENC1 or SEL-1ENC2 module, select the Configuration tab in
the user interface, select Frame-Controller, and then click License Key Activation. From
the licensing table, select the module you wish to change, enter the license key, and then
click Apply. The new options will be available momentarily. (Selenio encoders should be
rebooted after license keys are installed.)
All module types (Table 2) include the following audio support: MPEG-1: 8x2.0 / SMPTE
302: 8X2.0 / Externally Compressed Dolby Digital, Dolby Digital Plus or Dolby E: 8 services.
Table 1. Module Descriptions
Product
Description
SEL-1ENC1 Modules
SEL-1ENC1-EES
MPEG-2/H.264 Standard Encoder hardware;
includes video coding, up to eight stereo pairs of audio compression, single back
module with (High-Density) HD-BNC connectors for one SDI in, two SDI out, two ASI
out, eight AES (unbalanced) in, and socket/plug for GPI in/out and serial data
connections (software model key must be selected to enable functions)
SEL-1ENC1-OES
MPEG-2/H.264 Standard Encoder hardware;
includes video coding, up to eight stereo pairs of audio compression, single back
module with one SFP input (SFP module ordered separately), two (High-Density)
HD-BNC connectors for SDI out, two ASI out, eight AES in (unbalanced), socket/plug
for GPI in/out and serial data connections (software model key must be selected to
enable functions)
SEL-1ENC2 Modules
SEL-1ENC2-EES
10-bit “contribution” version of SEL-1ENC1-EES, with two HD-BNC SDI inputs
SEL-1ENC2-OES
10-bit “contribution” version of SEL-1ENC1-OES, with two SFP SDI inputs
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Table 2. Module Types:SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Product
Description
SEL-1ENC1 Module Types
ATSC
SEL-SK-EN-ATSC-HD
ATSC, supporting MPEG-2 SD and HD 4:2:0 video, and up to six streams of Dolby
Digital or Dolby Digital Plus (6x2.0 or 2x5.1).
SEL-SK-EN-ATSC-MBL
ATSC MH, supporting H.264 mobile video, and a single stream of AAC-HE V2 and
AAC 1x2.0 audio
SEL-SK-EN-ATSC-SD
ATSC, supporting MPEG-2 SD 4:2:0 video, and up to six streams of Dolby Digital or
Dolby Digital Plus (6x2.0 or 2x5.1)
DVB
SEL-SK-EN-DVB-AUD
Audio-only MPEG-1: 8x2.0 / SMPTE 302: 8X2.0 / Externally Compressed Dolby Digital,
Dolby Digital Plus or Dolby E: 8 services
SEL-SK-EN-DVB-HD
MPEG-2 SD/HD, 4:2:0, and up to eight channels of MPEG-1 audio
SEL-SK-EN-DVB-MBL
MPEG-1: 8x2.0 / SMPTE 302: 8X2.0 / Externally Compressed Dolby Digital, Dolby
Digital Plus or Dolby E: 8 services, audio AAC: 1x2.0
SEL-SK-EN-DVB-SD
MPEG-2 SD, 4:2:0, and up to eight channels of MPEG-1 audio
SEL-SK-EN-DVB-MP2H
MPEG-2 SD/HD, 4:2:0 video with pre-processing and the following audio support:
MPEG-1: 8x2.0 / SMPTE 302: 8x2.0 / Externally Compressed AC-3: 8 Services.
The purchase of a SELOPT-SK-EN-AAC key is strongly suggested.
SEL-SK-EN-DVB-MP2S
DVB, supporting MPEG-2 SD, 4:2:0 video with pre-processing and the following
audio support: MPEG-1: 8x2.0 / SMPTE 302: 8x2.0 / Externally Compressed AC-3: 8
Services.
The purchase of a SELOPT-SK-EN-AAC key is strongly suggested.‘
IPTV
SEL-SK-EN-IPTV-HD
IPTV, supporting H.264 HD Main profile, and two channels of MPEG-1 or AAC-LC
audio
SEL-SK-EN-IPTV-SD
IPTV, supporting H.264 SD Main profile, and two channels of MPEG-1 or AAC-LC
audio
H-264
SEL-SK-EN-H264-HD
MPEG-1: 8x2.0 / SMPTE 302: 8X2.0 / Externally Compressed Dolby Digital, Dolby
Digital Plus or Dolby E: 8 services, Dolby Digital or Dolby Digital Plus: 6x2.0 or 2x5.1
SEL-SK-EN-H264-SD
MPEG-1: 8x2.0 / SMPTE 302: 8X2.0 / Externally Compressed Dolby Digital, Dolby
Digital Plus or Dolby E: 8 services, and Dolby Digital or Dolby Digital Plus: 6x2.0 or
2x5.1
ISDB
SEL-SK-EN-ISDB-HD
MPEG-2 SD/HD, 4:2:0, and up to eight channels of MPEG-1, AAC-LC, AAC-HE V1,
and V2 audio, and AAC: 8x2.0 or 2x5.1 + 2x2.0
SEL-SK-EN-ISDB-MBL
ISDB-Tb Mobile, supporting H.264 mobile video, and a single channel of AAC-HE V2
audio, and AAC: 1x2.0
SEL-SK-EN-ISDB-SD
ISDB-Tb, supporting MPEG-2 SD, 4:2:0, and up to eight channels of MPEG-1,
AAC-LC, AAC-HE V1, and V2 audio, and AAC: 8x2.0 or 2x5.1 + 2x2.0
5
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SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Table 2. Module Types:SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2 (Continued)
Product
Description
PRO
SEL-SK-EN-C-PRO-SD
Contribution, supporting MPEG-2 SD, 4:2:0 and 4:2:2 profiles, H.264 SD high and
main profile, up to 4 MPEG-1, AAC-LC, HE-AAC V1 and V2 audio
SEL-SK-EN-C-PRO-HD
Contribution, supporting MPEG-2 HD/SD, 4:2:0 and 4:2:2 profiles, H.264 HD/SD high
and main profile, up to 8 MPEG-1, up to 4 AAC-LC, HE-AAC V1 and V2 audio
SEL-SK-EN-C-1080P
Contribution, supporting MPEG-2 SD, 4:2:0 and 4:2:2 profiles, H.264 SD high and
main profile and 3G 1080P, up to 8 MPEG-1, up to 4 AAC-LC, HE-AAC V1 and V2
audio
RFC
SEL-SK-EN-RFC-HD
MPEG-1: 8x2.0 / SMPTE 302: 8X2.0 / Externally Compressed Dolby Digital, Dolby
Digital Plus or Dolby E: 8 services, and Dolby Digital or Dolby Digital Plus: 6x2.0 or
2x5.1
SEL-1ENC2 Module Types
BSC
SEL-SK-E2-C-BSC-HD
MPEG-2 HD,H.264 HD-High and Main Profile, 4:2:0, 8-bit, and AAC: 8x2.0 or 2x5.1 +
2x2.0
SEL-SK-E2-C-BSC-SD
MPEG-2 SD, H.264 SD-High and Main Profile, 4:2:0, 8-bit
STD
SEL-SK-E2-C-STD-HD
MPEG-2 HD/SD, H.264 HD/SD High and Main Profile, 4:2:0 and 4:2:2,8-bit, and AAC:
8x2.0 or 2x5.1 + 2x2.0
SEL-SK-E2-C-STD-SD
MPEG-2 SD, H.264 SD High and Main Profile, 4:2:0 and 4:2:2 8-bit, and AAC: 8x2.0
or 2x5.1 + 2x2.0
PRO
SEL-SK-E2-C-PRO-HD
MPEG-2 HD/SD, H.264 HD/SD High and Main Profile, 4:2:0 and 4:2:2 10-bit, and
AAC: 8x2.0 or 2x5.1 + 2x2.0
SEL-SK-E2-C-PRO-SD
MPEG-2 SD, H.264 SD High and Main Profile, 4:2:0 and 4:2:2 10-bit, and AAC: 8x2.0
or 2x5.1 + 2x2.0
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Table 3. License Key Options
Product
Description
SEL-1ENC1 License Keys
SELOPT-SK-EN-AAC
AAC audio on eight stereo pairs, and encoding of one or two 5.1 streams (using three
stereo pairs each) for the ENC1
SELOPT-SK-EN-BISS
DVB fixed-key scrambling modes BISS-1 for ENC1
SELOPT-SK-EN-DDE
Dolby Digital (AC-3) or Dolby Digital Plus encoder for the ENC1. Two 5.1 streams and
two 2.0 streams, or up to six 2.0 streams using up to eight existing stereo pairs of
audio input.
SELOPT-SK-EN-DED
Dolby E decoding for Advanced Audio Processing on the SEL-1ENC1 (uses up to four
existing stereo pairs of audio)
SELOPT-SK-EN-DEE
Two Dolby E encoders (each uses up to 4 existing stereo pairs of audio) for the ENC1
SELOPT-SK-EN-GL
Genlock option for the SEL-1ENC1
SELOPT-SK-EN-H264
H.264 encoding, 4:2:0, Main and High profile
SELOPT-SK-EN-LCL
DTS Neural Loudness Control for Advanced Audio Processing on the SEL-1ENC1 (uses
up to four existing stereo pairs of audio)
SELOPT-SK-EN-MHENC* ATSC mobile/handheld encryption
(appears as EN-MH-IPSEC in
the user interface)
SELOPT-SK-EN-PRE
Pre-processing video enhancements for DTH applications
SEL-1ENC2 License Keys
SELOPT-SK-E2-AAC
AAC audio on eight stereo pairs for the ENC2
SELOPT-SK-E2-BISS
DVB fixed-key scrambling modes BISS-1 for ENC2
SELOPT-SK-E2-DDE
Dolby Digital (AC-3) or Dolby Digital Plus encoder for the ENC2. Two 5.1 streams and
two 2.0 streams, or up to six 2.0 streams, using up to eight existing stereo pairs of
audio input.
SELOPT-SK-E2-DED
Dolby E decoding for Advanced Audio Processing on the SEL-1ENC2 (uses up to four
existing stereo pairs of audio)
SELOPT-SK-E2-DEE
Two Dolby E encoders (each uses up to four existing stereo pairs of audio) for the
ENC2
SELOPT-SK-E2-GL
Genlock option for the SEL-1ENC2
SELOPT-SK-E2-LCL
DTS Neural Loudness Control for Advanced Audio Processing on the SEL-1ENC2 (uses
up to four existing stereo pairs of audio)
SELOPT-SK-EN-MHENC* ATSC mobile/handheld encryption
(appears as EN-MH-IPSEC in
the user interface)
Table 4. SFP Receiver Option
Product
Quantity
Description
OP+SFP+RR
1
Dual PIN receiver with pathological support for baseband video
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SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
3DTV Functionality
The SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2 transport 3DTV signals using the standard shown in
Table 5.
Table 5. SDTV Compatibility
Picture
Quality
Half
Definition
1.5 Gb/s 3D
(SMPTE 292M)
Number of
Connections
1
Front Module
Figure 1. Encoder Front Module (SEL-1ENC1 Shown)
3DTV Standard
Use
1/2 resolution or better
(many variants)
Distribution
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
2
2
CONFIGURABLE
2
2
SDI Rx
1
2
2
SDI
OUT
1
1
SDI IN
1
SDI
OUT
ASI IN
1
SDI Rx
1
SEL-BM-1ENC2-OES
1
NOT
USED
DATA
SEL-BM-1ENC2-EES
SDI
IN
SEL-BM-ENC-OES
CONTROL
SEL-BM-ENC-EES
Back Modules
1
2
SDI
OUT
SDI
OUT
1
1
1
ASI OUT
2
ASI
OUT
2
ASI
OUT
2
ASI
OUT
2
ASI IN/OUT
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
AUDIO IN
3
AUDIO OUT
5
3
4
AES
IN 6
5
4
3
AES
IN 6
5
ASI
OUT
2
3
4
AES
IN 6
5
4
AES
IN 6
AUDIO IN/OUT
7
8
8
7
7
8
8
7
MISCELLANEOUS
SDI IN
2
20
1
19
2
20
1
19
2
20
1
19
2
20
1
19
GPI / SERIAL
GPI / SERIAL
SEL- BM-ENC-EES
SEL -BM-ENC-OES
SEL -BM-1ENC2-EES
SEL-BM-1ENC2-OES
Encoder
Encoder
Encoder
Encoder
ENC1
ENC1
ENC2
ENC2
F
G
S
T
GPI / SERIAL
GPI / SERIAL
SDI OUT
SDI Rx
SDI Tx
Figure 2. SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2 Back Modules
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SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Back Module Pinouts
Key and slot
2
4
6
8
10 12 14 16 18 20
1
3
5
7
9
11 13
15 17 19
Figure 3. Pinouts on Back Module GPI/Serial Connector
To aid in numbering the pins, a key located in the upper right corner of the male connector
matches a slot found in the back module GPI/Serial connector.
Table 6. GPI/Serial Pinouts
Pin
Function
Pin
Function
1
GPI Out 1
11
RS-422 Port 2 Rx+
2
GPI Out 2
12
RS-422 Port 2 Rx(RS-232 Port 2 Rx)
3
GPI Out 3
13
RS-422 Port 2 Tx+
4
GPI Out 4
14
RS-422 Port 2 TX(RS-232 Port 2 Tx)
5
GPI In 1
15
D-Ground
6
GPI In 2
16
D-Ground
7
GPI In 3
17
RS-422Port 1 Rx+
8
GPI In 4
18
RS-422 Port 1 Rx(RS-232 Port 1 Rx)
9
D-Ground
19
RS-422Port 1 Tx+
10
D-Ground
20
RS-422 Port 1 Tx(RS-232 Port 1 Tx)
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Signal Flow
CTR SDI
EXT SDI 1
EXT SDI 1
Video
Input
Video Compression
De-Embed
PIP (ENC1)
EXT SDI 2
EXT SDI 2 (ENC2)
CTR SDI
1
2
EXT ASI 1
Metadata
Generator
EXT ASI 2
Audio Input
Status
EXT AES 1-8
19
AAP1
20
EXT GPI 1-4
Advanced
Audio
Processing
EXT Serial 1
EXT Serial 2
Audio Compression
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Transport
Stream Mux
IP
Encapsulation
IP LAN
CXN
EXT IP
GPI
1
2
Serial Data
Data
Services
Misc
EXT IP MGMT
Figure 4. SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2 Block Diagram (EES Version)
CTR SDI
SDI Rx 1
EXT SDI 1
Video
Input
SDI Rx 2 (ENC2)
Video Compression
De-Embed
PIP (ENC1)
EXT SDI 2
CTR SDI
1
2
EXT ASI 1
Metadata
Generator
EXT ASI 2
Audio Input
Status
EXT AES 1-8
20
19
Audio Compression
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Transport
Stream Mux
IP
Encapsulation
IP LAN
GPI
Serial
1
EXT Serial 1
EXT Serial 2
AAP1
2
EXT GPI 1-4
Advanced
Audio
Processing
Data
Services
EXT IP MGMT
Figure 5. SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2 Block Diagram (OES Version)
Misc
CXN
EXT IP
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SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Installing SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2 Modules in an MCP3 Frame
You can insert a Selenio module into a frame with the power supply turned on or off.
Where space allows, Selenio SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2 modules can be installed in any
MCP3 frame. Additionally, Selenio ENC2 modules are available as part of pre- configured
MCP1 packages.
Follow this procedure:
1
Remove a blank back module from the frame, saving the blank back modules and their
captive screws for future configurations.
2
Attach the new back module to the empty slot, using the mounting screws provided.
Align the back module’s pin into the guide hole, and ensure that the EMI gaskets
separating the back modules remain in place during the installation. The EMI gaskets fit
tightly. To ease the installation of back modules, gradually press each back module into
place from the left side to the right side.
Align pin into
guide hole
Figure 6. Installing Back Modules
3
Apply labels to the back module, if these are supplied separately.
4
Print out this page and write down the placement of the back modules in the diagram
below (back modules appear on the reverse side when viewed from the front).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Figure 7. Writing Space for Identifying Back Modules
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
CAUTION:
Do not mix and match back and front modules. The front module must mate with a
back module of the same product.
5
Open the front panel and then slide the correct front modules into the slots that match the
back modules.
6
Push the module until it seats properly, ensuring the edge of the module is flush with the
edge of the module guides, and the square extractor handle clicks into its slot.
7
Install the remaining back and front modules, make all of the necessary rear connections,
and then close the front panel.
CAUTION:
To prevent overheating during frame operation, keep the front panel closed and all
back module slots covered.
Removing Selenio Modules
Front Module
To remove a front module from a Selenio frame, follow this procedure:
1
Open the front panel.
2
Grasp the extractor handle on the module, pulling down slightly.
3
Using the handle, slide the module out of its slot.
Extractor lock
1. Pull down
to unlock the
extractor.
2. Slide the
module out of
the slot.
Figure 8. Removing a Front Module
4
Close the front panel to ensure proper frame ventilation.
Flat support post
rotates for module
insertion and removal
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SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Back Module
To remove a back module from a Selenio frame, you must first remove the front module.
Then unscrew the back module, and pull it straight out. Cover the opening with a blank
back module to ensure proper frame ventilation.
Setting Up IP Sources and Destinations
This section describes the different settings necessary to configure IP for Selenio modules.
The following steps are covered:

Data Ethernet Interfaces

IP Interfaces

Unicast IP Destinations

Multicast IP Destinations

IP Destinations

Unicast IP Sources

Multicast IP Sources

VBR / CBR and Network Jitter Removal
Ethernet Interfaces
The Selenio frame has separate Data and Control Ethernet jacks.
The Data Ethernet jacks are used for sending compressed video streams to and from the
modules in the frame. The primary external Data Ethernet jack connects to an Ethernet
switch on the video IP sub-module of the frame’s primary controller module.
If the frame has two controller modules, it also supports a redundant secondary Data
Ethernet connection to the IP sub-module on the secondary controller.
Secondary
Control
Ethernet
Secondary Data Ethernet
Figure 9. Control and Data Ethernet Connectors
Primary
Control
Ethernet
Primary Data Ethernet
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
IP Interfaces, Primary and Secondary
Each Selenio encoder has a Primary and Secondary IP Interface. The module supports traffic
on virtual local area networks (VLANs); this is segregated by tagging each Ethernet packet
with a virtual network ID (in an 802.1Q header).
To begin the configuration, you will need to match the VLAN ID on the encoder with the
virtual network on which data is to be received or transmitted (IP LANs > Primary Data IP
LAN and Secondary Data IP LAN). Set the VLAN ID to 0 to configure an interface for
sending or receiving untagged Ethernet traffic that is not on a virtual network.
VLAN ID Restrictions
Certain VLAN ID values are reserved. In addition, the range is restricted in some Selenio
frame controller versions. Although the range for this parameter is 0 to 4094, the following
restrictions apply:

0 (value is reserved for untagged Ethernet traffic)

1 (tag will be removed by the controller switch, and the data will be transmitted on the
untagged LAN (VLAN ID 0).

2 to 255 (data will be transmitted on the selected VLAN)

256 – 4094 (tags are blocked from all modules with frame controller firmware version
1.x or 2.x, and sent only to modules configured on those VLANs when controller
firmware is version 3.x and above)

4095 (invalid value)
Figure 10. VLAN ID Parameter
IP Address, Subnet Mask, and Gateway
Each encoder has one logical Primary Data IP local area network (LAN) interface:
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SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
The IP Address field provides the source address for data leaving the module and the IP
destination address for signaling data being sent to the module. This value should be
unique on the VLAN associated with this interface.
The IP Subnet Mask defines the subnet to which the IP address belongs. Any two IP
addresses are on the same subnet if they yield the same value when a bitwise AND is
performed between the address and the subnet mask.
If the module is to transmit data to an IP address that is on this interface’s LAN or VLAN but
not on the same subnet as the IP Address of this interface, the traffic must be directed
through a layer 3 router. For this purpose, set the IP Gateway to the IP address of the
router on the interface’s subnet.
If all the traffic on the interface is within the interface subnet, a router is not needed and
the IP Gateway can be configured to 0.0.0.0.
When all of the interface parameters have been configured, click the Apply button.
Figure 11. IP Address, IP Subnet Mask, and IP Gateway Values
Secondary IP Interface
If the Selenio frame has two controllers, a redundant Secondary data Ethernet connection is
available. In this case, the configuration for the secondary IP interfaces is similar to that for
the primary interface. The primary and secondary IP Addresses should all be unique and on
separate subnets.
Time to Live
To avoid loops in network traffic, configure the Time to Live parameter (IP LANs >
General). The value in this field specifies the number of hops through network equipment
before packets are discarded. This is used to avoid packets being continuously passed
around in a loop due to a misconfiguration of the network.
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Figure 12. Time to Live Parameter
IP Destinations, Unicast and Multicast
Selenio encoders must have their IP destinations configured (IP Encapsulation > Main
Program IP).
The Transmit Interface options are: Both (selects transmission on both Primary and
Secondary data Ethernet), and Active Controller (selects the transmission only on the
interface corresponding to the currently active controller as destination).
In either case, both Primary and Secondary IP Address destination parameters should be
configured. If only a single data Ethernet interface is being used, only the corresponding
destination parameters need to be configured.
Destination
parameters
Figure 13. Transmit Interface
Since there is only one VLAN interface on the encoder, there is no need to configure a
VLAN ID for the destination. The data is always sent on the LAN or VLAN configured on the
Primary and Secondary interface pages.
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SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Figure 14. VLAN ID
Unicast IP Destinations
Unicast traffic is delivered to a single primary or secondary IP destination address. The
primary and secondary IP Addresses are the addresses of the primary and secondary Data
Ethernet destinations. Each is either:

an IP address on the same subnet as the primary interface corresponding to the VLAN
ID of this source, or

an address that is reachable through the router configured as the gateway for the
interface.
In the Primary and Secondary Port fields (IP Encapsulation > Main Program IP), set the
destination UDP port numbers for the IP streams. (Figure 15). There are some restrictions
on the destination UDP port numbers:

The port number must be non-zero. No data will be transmitted if the port number is
zero.

When FEC is being used, port numbers should be assigned in multiples of 8.

Column FEC packets are sent on the configured port + 2

Row FEC packets are sent on the configured port + 4
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Figure 15. IP Addresses and Ports
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20
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Multicast IP Destinations
Multicast traffic is sent to a group of IP destinations, rather than a single destination.
Set the Primary and Secondary IP Addresses to the Primary Data Ethernet multicast group
IP addresses to which the data should be sent. These IP addresses can be in the range of
224.0.0.0 through 239.255.255.255.
Note: Some addresses in this range are reserved. The addresses between 224.0.0.0 and
224.0.0.255 (inclusive) are reserved for the use of routing protocols and other low-level
topology discovery or maintenance protocols—such as gateway discovery and group
membership reporting.
Encapsulation and Forward Error Correction
IP traffic from Selenio modules can be encapsulated in UDP or RTP, and protected with
SMPTE 2022 forward error correction.
The FEC can be set to a number of options.

None provides no FEC; traffic is sent as transport stream packets on UDP, or RTP
without protection.

Low, Medium, and High settings send the stream with low, medium or high levels of
forward error correction. Increasing levels of protection allow more errors to be
corrected, but requires more overhead.

Custom makes it possible to customize the FEC level using the Order and Period
parameters (the IP Encapsulation parameter must be set to TS on RTP).
Figure 16. FEC
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
SMPTE 2022 forward error correction packets protect a grid of data Ethernet packets.
Column FEC packets cover each column of data packets, and (optional) Row FEC packets
protect the rows of data packets:
The FEC Order parameter sets the custom number of rows in the FEC grid. The lower the
setting, the more frequently column FEC packets are sent, and the higher the protection.
FEC Period sets the custom number of columns in the FEC grid. If Row FEC is enabled, the
lower the setting, the more frequently row FEC packets are sent and the higher the
protection.
Note: The product of (FEC Order x FEC Period) should not exceed 100. The SMPTE 2022
standard states that the FEC Period setting must be at least 4 when Row FEC is enabled.
Transport Stream Packing
Multiple transport stream packets can be packed into one IP packet / Ethernet Frame.
The value in the TS Packets Per IP field sets the number of MPEG-2 transport stream
packets packed into each IP packet. Setting this to a high value increases the efficiency with
which the data is sent. However, a higher setting introduces the likelihood of jitter in the
transport stream arrival. Typically, this parameter is set to the maximum value of 7.
Figure 17. TS Packets Per IP
Quality of Service
The value set in the Type of Service field (see Figure 17) determines the value sent in the
Type of Service byte in the IP header of the Data Ethernet packets. The handling of the Type
of Service byte in the IP header is dependent on the network equipment.
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SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Some routers support differentiated services prioritization specified by the DSCP field (RFC
2474). This can be configured by setting the most significant six bits in the Type of Service
parameter.
Type of Service = DSCP x 4
Upgrading Module Firmware
All module firmware upgrades are activated in the frame controller section of the Selenio
user interface. Follow this path to find the appropriate parameters: Configuration >
Frame Controller > Configuration tab > Upgrade Firmware.
See the Selenio frame manual for information on how to upgrade module firmware. In the
unlikely event of an upgrade failure on an SEL-1ENC1 or SEL-1ENC2 module, use the
Upgrade Failure Instructions of this manual.
Upgrade Failure Instructions
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2 modules include one user-configurable DIP switch array, located
at the card edge next to the extractor. In normal operation, all four switches are in the Off
position, set closest to the card edge. In the unlikely event of corrupted software, you may
need to temporarily change the setting of Switch 1 for the failsafe mode override. You
would be alerted to this problem if a System Recovery Upgrade Required fault was
triggered after an upgrade, and the module had finished rebooting.
If a System Recovery Upgrade Required fault is triggered, you should first try using the
alternate firmware (see Activating Alternate Firmware in the Selenio frame manual) and
then attempt the upgrade again. If this second attempt fails, follow these steps to activate
the failsafe mode:
1
Remove the module from the frame and then push Switch 1 to the On position.
Move Switch 1
to the On
position for
failsafe
operation
Figure 18. DIP Switch Setting for Failsafe Mode
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
2
Reinsert the module.
3
Install the new module software using the Selenio user interface.
4
Remove the module, and then return Switch 1 to the Off position.
5
Reinsert the module.
The module is now running the new software.
Parameters in the SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2 Modules
Most of the controls and read-only parameters in the SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2 are the
same. However, because the two products offer different capabilities, you will see some
differences in the parameters offered. These are noted in this manual. In addition, options
may appear in a different order than is shown here.
For detailed ATSC configuration information, see the document ATSC Solutions with
Selenio, available on the Imagine Communications website and on the Infrastructure and
Networking Documentation and Product Resources DVD.
Accessing MIBs
MIB files for all modules can be downloaded directly from any Selenio frame. MIBs are
generated on a per-device basis. For example, if there are seven SEL-1ENC1 modules in a
frame, only one of the seven 7 MIBs is required, assuming all of the modules are using the
same version of software. If the frame includes multiple modules of the same type, but
different software versions, the module with the latest version should be used to generate
the MIB.
If an older MIB is used with newer firmware (for example, an older version of firmware was
used instead of the latest firmware), the new parameters added to the new version will not
be available on the MIB, and thus, will not be accessible via the MIB.
Before downloading module MIBs, you must first download the InfrastructureNetwork.mib
file. Copy the following into a browser to access the InfrastructureNetwork.mib:
http://<IP address>/InfrastructureNetwork.mib
<IP address> is that of the primary controller in the frame
Once any MIB file is downloaded from the frame, you should rename it immediately to
prevent overwriting.
To download a specific module MIB file, copy this line into a browser:
http://<IP address>/mib/slot<slot#>/snmp.mib
<IP address> is that of the primary controller in the frame
<slot#> is the slot in the frame, as seen from the front
Examples:
http://137.237.173.15/mib/slot0/snmp.mib
Accesses the controller MIB from frame 137.237.173.15.
http://137.237.173.15/mib/slot7/snmp.mib
Accesses the MIB for slot 7 from 137.237.173.15
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SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Video Input
General
The SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2 can operate as audio/video or audio-only encoders. The
audio-only mode is enabled in the Primary Source and Alternate Source parameters.
Primary Source
In this parameter, select either the internal (CTR SDI) or external (EXT SDIx) video input
source for encoding. (On the ENC1, the second HD-BNC connector on the EES back module
is not functional). The ENC2 provides two SDI inputs on both the EES and OES back
modules. An internal video source is provided over the backplane by another module in the
same Selenio frame. The particular video source is selected in the Connections section of
the Frame Controller.
An additional None option enables audio-only coding operation. In this mode, the encoder
generates a multi-program transport stream (MPTS) with one program (PMT) for each
enabled audio stream. The program numbers are assigned to the audio streams in sequence
starting at program number 1. The PMT PID for each of the audio programs is fixed and
based on the program number. For program number n, the PMT PID is 48+(n-1)*16. This
means the program number 1 has PMT PID 48, program number 2 has PMT PID 64,
program number 3 has PMT PID 80, etc. You can set the PIDs assigned to each audio
stream in the Main Program parameter on page 81 (TS Mux > MPEG Parameters). The
defaults are 51, 52, ..., 58. If the audio stream PID values are changed, care should be taken
to make sure they do not collide with any other PID present in the MPTS. An alarm will be
raised if a collision is detected by the software.
Alternate Source
This parameter selects a different source for the encoder if the primary Source signal fails.
Options are None, or any of the existing Source inputs (other than the current one).
If you select None as the Alternate Source, the primary source is always used. If you select
a value other than None, two additional parameters are enabled: Source Selection and
Switching Delay.
In the event of a loss of signal at the primary Source parameter, the encoder detects an
error. If this condition persists for the duration set in the Switching Delay parameter, the
encoder will switch to the value you have set in Alternate Source.
The Source Selection parameter controls the switching behavior of the encoder after the
primary source has been restored and has stabilized after an outage. If you set Source
Selection to Revertive, the encoder switches back to the primary source as soon as the
encoder detects a clean primary signal (with no error condition) for the duration of the
Switching Delay value. If you selected Non-Revertive, the Alternate Source remains in
effect until one of these conditions occur:

Source Selection is set to Restore

There is a loss of signal on the Alternate Source, and a clean signal is detected on the
primary Source

The module is rebooted
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
The status parameter Current Video Source (Video > Input > Status) displays the
currently selected video input source.
Loss of Input
This parameter sets the encoder’s behavior in the event of a loss of video input if both the
primary Source and Alternate Source signals have failed (or if an Alternate Source has not
been selected before a primary source failure). The encoder continues to generate a
complete program map table (PMT) for the Black, Still and Image settings, but not for the
Stop setting.

With the Black setting, the encoder continues generating elementary stream data for
the lost signal. The encoder simulates black input for lost video. This setting effectively
instructs the encoder to pretend that video input is present, supplying synthetic (black),
input as needed.

The Stop option forcibly shuts down both the Main and PIP transport stream outputs
when video input is lost.

Still and Image are available when the Genlock feature is enabled. The still picture is
the last correctly received frame from the input. The Image used is loaded and selected
using the LOS Image parameters (see page 26).
Source Format
This parameter sets the input video standard for encoding from the following options:

525

625

720p 50

720p 59.94

1080i 50

1080i 59.94 (default)

1080p 50 (ENC1)

1080p 59.94 (ENC1)
Resolution
The Resolution of the encoded image that you select in this field is based on the source
you set in the Source Format parameter.
ARC Control
Use this parameter to set the aspect ratio for the output video. The Selenio encoders
provide a small number of ARC settings to accommodate different sources. For more
complex aspect ratio conversions, the Selenio XD1 or another ARC processor may be
required. The encoder’s ARC control parameter includes the following output options:

Auto-4:3

Auto-16:9

4:3

16:9
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The Auto-4:3 option automatically detects the aspect ratio from the source. If that value is
not available, the module indicates a 4:3 aspect ratio in the encoded stream.
Auto-16:9 is the default setting; it likewise automatically detects the aspect ratio from the
source, but if that value is not available, the module sets the output to 16:9.
The 4:3 and 16:9 settings display the signal at their respective values, regardless of the
source aspect ratio.
Note: For HD inputs, the 4x3 settings are not available.
Genlock
The audio/video Genlock prevents video errors or “dirty switches” (asynchronous switches
between video sources with different frequency offsets and phases) from causing an illegal
MPEG bitstream. However. the Genlock feature adds up to two or three frames of
additional latency, and up to one frame of audio lip-sync error. On the ENC1, if the Low
Pass Filter (LPF) or Edge Preserving Filter (EPF) is set to Auto, the latency through the
frame store rises from three frames to a maximum of eight frames.
When the Genlock is enabled, the output of the encoder is synchronized to the clock
derived from the video source, chosen using the Reference Select parameter. If you select
SDI Source as an option in Reference Select, the output clock of the Genlock is locked to
the input video clock. On the other hand, if Reference Select is set to Controller, the
Genlock locks to the reference signal input to the resource module of the frame. In this
mode, multiple encoders can be locked to a common reference clock.
The Loss of Input parameter specifies the image that will be encoded when the video
input is lost and includes the options Black, Stop, Still, and Image. For all Genlock
settings, Black and Stop are available. Still and Image are only available when Genlock is
enabled. If Still is selected, the last clean frame will continue to repeat. If Image is selected,
the Genlock will switch to repeating the preloaded LOS image. The Image attributes are
controlled by the parameters at: Video > Input > LOS Image.
Note: Dolby E Decoding is not supported when Genlock is enabled.
LOS (Loss of Signal) Image
These parameters configure the image that may be enabled when there is a loss of signal.
LOS Image Size
This status parameter indicates the size of the image files that will be compatible with the
current input video standard. Options are: 1080 (default), 720, 625, and 525.
Selected LOS Image
Use this control to set the image to be displayed when there is a video LOS fault and the
loss of input behavior is set to Image. The stored .bmp files appear in the field.
Files can be transferred to the Selenio frame’s controller via FTP or from a file browser in the
Selenio GUI. If the selected file is not present, or does not match the configured standard, a
configuration error is raised. If the encoder detects a loss of framing, and the Input Loss is
set to Image, the image is displayed. If the image file is missing or does not match the
configured video standard, black is displayed.
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
LOS Image Status
This parameter displays the current LOS image loading status. Options are:

Ready

Unavailable

Loading

Load Error

Wrong Size

Invalid Format

Input Mismatch
Image File [RO]
This read-only parameter indicates what image file is available for use.
Display Next File, Display Previous File, and Select Image File
Use the Display Previous File and Display Next File buttons to scroll through the list of
available image files in the controller shared folder (See: File Management in the frame’s
Controller). The file names are presented as the value of the Image File parameter.
Select Image File sets the currently displayed image file as the LOS image.
Status
The encoder provides sub-pages for Ext SDI 1, Ext SDI 2 (ENC2 only), and CTR SDI, which
represent the Current Video Source. The values for the parameters in these sections are all
copied in the Status main section:

Current Video Source

Loss of Signal

Input Standard

Sync Error count

CRC Error count (for HD-SDI video input)

EDH Error count (for SD-SDI video input)

EDH Present (for SD-SDI video input)
When pressed, the Clear Status button clears all of the status parameters in the encoder
module. The process takes approximately five seconds. The Clear Status button at
Miscellaneous > General performs the same function.
Video Compression
Detailed control of GOP structures and compression settings makes it possible to create
streams to best fit your requirements while achieving the highest picture quality possible.
This section describes the settings for video compression.
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Chroma Sampling
The SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2 offer two options: 4:2:0 or 4:2:2 (availability depends on
model type purchased). Select 4:2:0 for distribution applications, and 4:2:2 for higher-end
contribution applications. Currently, the SEL-1ENC1 supports 4:2:2 for MPEG-2 only. The
SEL-1ENC2 supports 4:2:2 coding for H264 and MPEG-2.
Coding Profile
The following settings are available:

MPEG-2 Main

MPEG-2-422

H264-Baseline

H264 Main

H264 High
Additionally, the following settings are available in the SEL-1ENC2:

H264 High10-Intra

H264 High10

H264 High422-Intra

H264 High422

AVCI-50

AVCI-100
CBR
The encoder can work in two bitrate modes: CBR and VBR. When you set CBR to On, the
video is encoded at a constant bitrate. If the Video Compression > Video Bitrate Mode
is set to Auto, the video elementary stream rate is computed by subtracting the audio, data
and PSI overhead from the configured output TS rate. When the Video Bitrate Mode is set
to Manual, the configured Video Compression > Video Bitrate is used to encode the
video. The actual video bitrate being used is shown in the Video Compression > Status >
Video Elementary Stream Rate parameter.
In VBR mode (CBR is set to Off), the encoder allows the video rate to vary. In this mode, the
Video Compression > Target Qp setting quantizes the compressed video unless the total
rate exceeds the configured output TS rate. If the use of the Target Qp results in exceeding
the configured TS rate, the encoder module raises the Qp to keep the total rate below the
configured TS rate. In this mode, the video elementary stream rate will vary.
In Statmux mode, the encoder is brought up in statmux mode and is ready to back up
another “statmuxed” encoder without requiring a “stop and start.” In this mode, the
encoder is normally coding in CBR, but when a message is received from the multiplexer
instructing it to switch to statmux mode, it does so without requiring a restart of the video
encoder. For statmuxed systems, this reduces redundancy times.
GOP Structure
The SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2 offer six possible GOP structures:
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual

In the Auto mode, the encoder changes the GOP structure dynamically to produce the
best video quality.

The I option enables I-Frames only; no P or B-Frames are allowed. This results in a GOP
length of 1.

IP enables I and P-Frames, but no B-Frames. Typically, this option is used for low delay
applications or when the selected encoding profile does not permit B-Frames (for
example, H264-Baseline).

When you select 1B, the module inserts one B-Frame (between P Frames); 2B inserts
two B-Frames (between P-Frames), and 3B (SEL-1ENC1 only) inserts three B-Frames
(between P-Frames).
GOP Selection Guidelines
Due to video coding techniques, typical I-frames consume more bits than P-frames,
which consume more bits than B-frames. Consequently, GOP structure affects the
relationship between bitrate and picture quality. Encoders generally impose no limits on
combinations of rates and GOP structure, but the following guidelines should be
observed.

When coding only I-frames (GOP-I), the encoder should use a minimum transport
stream rate of 25 Mbps. Lower rates may degrade video quality with difficult
material, especially when other program elements consume a significant amount of
the program's bandwidth.

The use of GOP-I coding is not recommended.

MPEG-2 anchors prediction points at I-frames and P-frames. Intervening B-frames
reference only the closest the I- and P-frame pictures. H.264 relaxes these
restrictions, allowing B-frames to reference I- and P-frames that are outside their
closest neighbors (in addition to other B-frames). This flexibility alters the notion of
open and closed GOPs and affects the placement of edit points in the video stream.
GOP Size
The term GOP Length means the distance between I-frames.
The SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2 produce Dynamic GOPs with variable GOP lengths. This
means that instead of a fixed GOP (with never changing GOP length), the GOP length may
change as the encoder attempts to align I-frames to scene changes to improve video quality.
However, the GOP size parameter is not used in the 150 ms mode of the ENC2. I-frames are
only inserted at scene changes, and intra-refresh (a mode where parts of each picture are
sent as intra macro-blocks) is used as the primary refresh mechanism within a scene.
The GOP Size parameter offers four options. All of these options are approximations, as the
Selenio encoder creates an I-Frame upon scene changes, or during particularly complex
scenes which would benefit from the creation of an I-Frame. The options are:

Short (approx. 0.25 seconds)

Medium (approx. 0.5 seconds)

Long (approx. 1 second)

Ultra Long (approx. 2 seconds)
Table 7 translates these settings to approximate GOP length. The encoder may deviate
from these settings for a variety of reasons, and scene changes may trigger the insertion of
I-Frames that break the pattern.
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Table 7. GOP Sizes
Setting \
Measurement
Time
NTSC/SDI-525
PAL/SDI-625
Short
Approx 0.25 seconds
GOP Length = 8
GOP Length = 6
Medium
Approx 0.50 seconds
GOP Length = 15
GOP Length = 12
Long
Approx 1 second
GOP Length = 30
GOP Length = 25
Ultra Long
Approx 2 seconds
GOP Length = 60
GOP Length = 50
Video Bitrate Mode
In some cases it may be necessary to set the video elementary rate manually, rather than
having it automatically computed. When this parameter is set to Manual, the Video
Bitrate control is activated. The default Video Bitrate Mode setting is Auto.
Video Bitrate
When the Video Bitrate Mode is set to Auto, the Video Bitrate parameter is hidden. If
the Mode is changed to Manual, the Video Bitrate parameter becomes accessible.
If a parameter in another subsystem is changed, causing the manual setting to be above the
TS Mux rate available for allocation to video, the encoder triggers a configuration error
alarm.
Similarly, when you set the bitrate, the encoder adds all the overhead for audio, PSI, and
ANC/VBI to compute the needed TS rate. If this rate exceeds the TS Mux rate of the stream,
the encoder triggers a configuration error alarm. Check the Video Elementary Stream
Rate value (Video > Compression > Status) to see the effects of these restrictions on this
parameter.
Closed GOP
An Open GOP allows the initial B-frames to be predicted from frames outside the GOP. This
allows for a more efficient distribution of bits and improved picture quality. Closed GOPs
prohibit B-Frames from being predicted using frames outside the GOP. This option is most
often chosen when recording transport or program streams to file. A Closed GOP ensures
the output bitstream can be edited on a GOP boundary without loss of information.
System Delay
This parameter makes it possible to control the end-to-end delay in the module. The value
that you set in this parameter is different than the actual final value that results after
processing (see the read-only System Delay parameter at Video Compression > Status)
for the final value.
On the ENC1, the default value of 0 provides the best quality; the delay can be set up to
4000 msec. If you select a value that is too small, it will be overridden internally. On the
ENC2, the ultra-low latency mode works with delay values of 150 msec and 200 msec
(only for MPEG-2). The 650 msec latency mode provides higher quality coding but at a
longer end-to-end delay.
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Installation and Operation Manual
AAC-HE, AAC-LC ≤80 kbps, and Advanced Audio Processing functions are not
supported for ultra-low latency. Delays are longer in the ENC1 than in the ENC2, and have a
maximum of 5000 msec. Dolby Digital Plus encoding is not supported for 150 msec latency.
The Selenio DEC2 decoder adds an additional 100 msec of delay.
Application Examples
These application examples provide a starting point for configuring your encoder module.
There are many possible variations.
Table 8. ATSC SD-SDI Encoding Example
Parameter
Option
Chroma Sampling
4:2:0
Coding Profile
MPEG-2 Main
GOP Structure
Auto
GOP Size
Ultra Long
Closed GOP
Off
Table 9. ATSC HD-SDI Encoding Example
Parameter
Option
Chroma Sampling
4:2:0
Coding Profile
MPEG-2 Main
GOP Structure
Auto
GOP Size
Ultra Long
Closed GOP
Off
Table 10. Contribution SD-SDI Encoding Example
Parameter
Option
Chroma Sampling
4:2:2
Coding Profile
MPEG-2 422
GOP Structure
Auto
GOP Size
Ultra Long
Closed GOP
Off
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Table 11. Contribution HD-SDI Encoding Example
Parameter
Option
Chroma Sampling
4:2:2
Coding Profile
MPEG-2 422
GOP Structure
Auto
GOP Size
Ultra Long
Closed GOP
Off
Table 12. IPTV SD-SDI Encoding Example
Parameter
Option
Chroma Sampling
4:2:0
Coding Profile
H264 Main/H264 High
GOP Structure
Auto
GOP Size
Ultra Long
Closed GOP
Off
Table 13. IPTV HD-SDI Encoding Example
Parameter
Option
Chroma Sampling
4:2:0
Coding Profile
H264 High/H264 Main
GOP Structure
Auto
GOP Size
Ultra Long
Closed GOP
Off
Tgt Qp
This parameter sets the target quantizer level used when the encoder is in VBR mode.
Options are: 2 to 31 (MPEG2), and 2 to 51 (H264). The default value is 16.
Film Detect
The ENC2 uses field coding in MPEG-2, and therefore this module must be in H264 mode
to activate the Film Detect feature. In the ENC1 module, Film Detect is used for both
MPEG2 and H264. When enabled, this feature detects film sources that are normally shot at
24 frames/sec (vs. 25, 30, or 60). Transferring film material to 30 or 60 frames/sec requires a
3:2 pulldown. For every pair of film frames, 5 interlaced fields (or progressive frames) are
generated. The first frame has 3 fields, with the first and third identical. The second frame
has 2 fields. (Two film frames at 24 frames/sec take the same time as five fields at 30
frames/sec.) The encoder can work more efficiently if it recognizes the repetition pattern,
and this parameter tells the encoder how to process the source material.
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
If the input material is not appropriate for 3:2 pulldown (25 Hz or 50Hz input), the encoder
ignores the film mode setting. (The difference between 24 and 25 frames/sec is small
enough to ignore, and 3:2 pulldown is not used.)
The Enable option automatically chooses the appropriate encoding for the source material.
The encoder will switch between film and video mode if the 3:2 repetition pattern persists
or ceases for a long enough time.
Level
Use this parameter to set the coding level. If you select Auto, the module uses the
minimum level setting compatible with the selected coding parameters. If a value other
than Auto is selected, other values can override the Auto setting.

Available options in MPEG-2 are: Auto, Low, Main, and 422 High.

Choices in H264 are: Auto, 1, 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, and so on.
Status
The read-only Video Elementary Stream Rate indicates the average elementary stream
bitrate in Mbits/sec. This bitrate readout only applies to the video, and does not include
audio or data service.
Video Elementary Stream Rate = Total Transport Stream — Audio Services — Data Services
The Aspect Ratio parameter indicates the current aspect ratio selected, either 4:3 or 16:9.
System Delay shows the actual system delay in effect. This is a read only value and may be
different from the configured value under Video Compression > General >System
Delay.
Statmux indicates whether the statmux is enabled or disabled.
Preproc (ENC1)
In some situations, the video pre-processing feature can help improve the apparent picture
quality. (This option requires the purchase of the SELOPT-SK-EN-PRE license key.)
Using the Auto setting, the encoder uses various filters to achieve pre-set results.
The None option disables video pre-processing. In some cases, although less pleasing to the
human eye, this helps preserve details of the original input. This setting should be used for
the first encoding legs of a multi-generation encoding system to prevent degradation of the
video after subsequent encodings.
Sharp gives preference to preserving sharp edges and picture detail. This may at times
introduce blocky artifacts, when the video complexity exceeds the available bandwidth to
convey the detail.
Soft gives preference to reducing blocky coding artifacts, but may blur fine detail when the
video complexity exceeds the available bandwidth.
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The Custom option enables the Advanced Parameters, which are located in the Video
Compression section. When you select Custom, the GOP and Film Detect parameters are
overridden by Advanced Parameter selections. If Custom is not enabled, changes to the
Advanced Parameters will have no effect.
Note: Preproc settings affect the EPF Strength and LPF Strength parameters:

When Preproc is set to Auto, Sharp, or Soft, the EPF Strength and LPF Strength
parameters are set to Auto. In this mode, the strengths are changed dynamically, based
on the complexity of the incoming video and the coding bitrate. The latency through
the encoder will increase by about 5 frame times, when this setting is used. In addition,
audio/video sync should be accurate to within a frame time.

If Preproc is set to None, the EPF and LPF are automatically disabled.

When the Preproc setting is Custom, the EPF Strength and LPF Strength can be
configured by the user.
Advanced Parameters (ENC1)
The Advanced Parameters are enabled when you select Custom in Video Compression
> General > Preproc.
EPF Strength (ENC1)
The Edge Preserving Filter (EPF) computes a weighted average of pixels in the support of the
filter that are within a specified threshold of the center pixel's luma or chroma intensity
value. By averaging only those pixels which are “close” to the center pixel, the EPF avoids
the blurring that typically results from a simple low pass filter. Additionally, the EPF reduces
noise and texture, making the final video easier to code, and saving bits during the process.
Use this control to set the strength of the Edge Preservation Filter Strength. Options are:

Disable (default)

Auto

1 to 8
When set to Auto, the filter's strength is dynamically adjusted, based on the complexity of
the material to be coded, and the encoding bit rate. The filter strength will be zero or very
low on “easy” inputs such as still pictures, but will increase as the video sequence to be
coded becomes more difficult to encode at the specified bitrate.
LPF Strength (ENC1)
This parameter set the strength of the Low Pass Filter. Options are the following:

Disable (default)

Auto

1 to 8
When set to Auto, the filter's strength is dynamically adjusted, based on the complexity of
the material to be coded, and the encoding bit rate. The filter strength will be zero or very
low on “easy” inputs such as still pictures, but will increase as the video sequence to be
coded becomes more difficult to encode at the specified bitrate.
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Installation and Operation Manual
Scene Change Detection
When enabled, this parameter detects scene changes and places an I-frame on the first
frame of each new scene.
Fade Detection
When enabled, this parameter detects the beginning of fades in the input video, then
improves the quality of the video during the fade.
Invert Field Order
This parameter changes the field order in the output frames. Frames can be coded as either
Top Field First or Bottom Field First. The default setting for all standards except 525 is Top
Field First. Setting Invert Field Order to Enable reverses the default field order.
Pre-Deblocking Strength
Use this control to set the strength of the deblocking filter applied to the input video. The
deblocking filter reduces the appearance of “blockiness” in previously encoded video. The
range is 0 (off) to 3 (maximum de-blocking).
MCTF Strength
This control sets the strength of the motion compensated temporal filter (MCTF), to remove
noise from the input video. The range is 0 (off) to 7 (maximum noise reduction).
Skin Tone Detection and Skin Tone Detection Strength
The Skin Tone Detection control improves the video quality of facial features (in the next
I-frame) when skin tones are detected. The strength of the detection ranges from 0 (none)
to 7 (most likely to detect skin tones).
Skin Tone Detection Delta QP Max
This parameter sets the maximum decrease in the QP for macroblocks that are detected as
skin tones. A value of 0 cause no decrease; a value of 6 causes the most decrease.
Weighted Prediction
When enabled, this control improves fade detection by providing weighted prediction for
H.264 encoding.
Dynamic GOP (ENC1)
Use this parameter to dynamically adjust the length and structure of each GOP to better
reflect the content of the video.
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Dynamic GOP Min M and Max M
These controls set the minimum and maximum GOP sizes allowed when Dynamic GOP is
enabled.
GOP Structure (ENC1), GOP Size, and Closed GOP
Use these parameters to set the GOP structure and size in the encoded video. When
Dynamic GOP is enabled, most GOPs will be within the range of 1 to 300 pictures. This
value is set in the GOP Size.
Closed GOP simply closes every GOP, or allows them to be open.
ME 1 and 2 Zero Bias (ENC1)
This parameter sets the bias value (in a range of 0 to 1024) that is added to any non-zero
motion vector cost, to allow for biasing against non-zero motion vectors.
Adaptive Quantization
Use this parameter to enable the adaptive adjustment of the “per macroblock”
quantization table. The quantizer value is adapted on a macroblock basis, using image
content to improve perceptual quality.
Quantization Table
Allows the use of a different quantization table during the quantization process.
H264 QPIOffset and H264 QPB Offset
These controls apply the H264 QP Offset I-frames and B-frames, respectively. In both cases,
the default is 4.
H264 QPChromaOffset
This parameter provides QP Offset for chroma relative to the luma. Values are -12 to 12,
with a default of 4. H264 QPChromaOffset appears when the Coding Profile is set to
H264.
MPEG2 QPIOffset and MPEG2 QPBOffset
These parameters provide QP offset to the I frames and B- frames, respectively, with a range
of -8 to 8 frames.
Reference B Frames
This control enables or disables reference B frames. Default is Enable.
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Installation and Operation Manual
8X8 Transform
This parameter enables or disables the 8x8 Transform function, and should only be used in
H264-High Profile. Default is Enable.
CABAC
Use this control to enable or disable the context-adaptive binary arithmetic coding
compression. Default is Enable.
Loop Filter, Loop Filter Alpha, and Loop Filter Beta (ENC1)
The Loop Filter parameter enables or disables the Loop Filter Alpha and Loop Filter
Beta parameters (default is On).
Intra DC Precision
Use the Intra DC Precision control to set the level of precision for the intra variable length
coding (VLC) values.
Intra VLC Format
Use the Intra VLC Format parameter to set the format for intra variable length coding
(VLC). Options are MPEG-1 VLC, Alternate VLC, and Auto (default).
Alternate Scan
This parameter enables the alternate coefficient scan, instead of the zig-zag scan.Options
are Disabled, Enabled, and Auto. Default is Auto.
MPEG2Max VBV Delay and Frame Size, and MPEG2 Min QP (ENC1)
These ENC1 parameters assist in resolving compatibility issues with some downstream
equipment. and are always in use whether or not the module is set to Preproc > Custom.
The use of the three parameters is limited to MPEG-2 in HD mode.
MPEG2Max VBV Delay
This parameter determines the maximum delay (in msec) in the MPEG-2 VBV buffer. If the
delay results in a VBV that is larger than the permitted amount for the corresponding profile
and level, it is internally limited to the maximum permissible amount. Using a smaller VBV
limits the size of the largest frame that can be generated, and can negatively impact picture
quality.
MPEG2 Max Frame Size
Use this parameter to reduce the maximum compressed frame size that the encoder
generates. In some cases, reducing the maximum frame size can negatively impact the
picture quality.
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MPEG2 Min QP
The encoder ensures that the quantizer used for every picture is always greater than or
equal to this value. This parameter is normally only used when restricting the maximum
frame size. When the frame size is limited to low values, some detailed stills can result in
observed “panic” or I-frame beating. In these cases, it may be better to set a higher MPEG2
Min Qp to prevent the “panic” mode from being invoked.
PIP (ENC1)
The PIP parameters include Name, Tag, PIP Video Bitrate, PIP Video Bitrate Mode, and
GOP Size. (PIP Video Bitrate is only visible when the PIP Video Bitrate Mode is set to
Manual.)
The Total TS Rate is the amount allocated to that channel, typically 192 kb or above, up to
1 Mb. The PIP Resolution value sets the encoding resolution.
Name
The Name parameter provides the ability to give a unique name to the PIP program. The
default setting is enc-pip.
Tag
This parameter provides the program tag for the PIP program. Default is enc.
GOP Size
The GOP Size parameter sets the GOP size to be used while encoding. All four options are
approximations, as the Selenio encoder creates an I-Frame upon scene changes, or during
particularly complex scenes which would benefit from the creation of an I-Frame. The
options are:

Short (approx. 0.25 seconds)

Medium (approx. 0.5 seconds)

Long (approx. 1 second)

Ultra Long (approx. 2 seconds; default)
Table 14 translates these settings to approximate GOP length. The encoder may deviate
from these settings for a variety of reasons, and scene changes may trigger the insertion of
I-Frames that break the pattern.
Table 14. GOP Sizes
Setting \
Measurement
Time
NTSC/SDI-525
PAL/SDI-625
Short
Approx 0.25 seconds
GOP Length = 8
GOP Length = 6
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Table 14. GOP Sizes
Setting \
Measurement
Time
NTSC/SDI-525
PAL/SDI-625
Medium
Approx 0.50 seconds
GOP Length = 15
GOP Length = 12
Long
Approx 1 second
GOP Length = 30
GOP Length = 25
Ultra Long
Approx 2 seconds
GOP Length = 60
GOP Length = 50
Pip Video Bitrate Mode and Pip Video Bitrate
Use the Pip Video Bitrate Mode parameter to specify whether the module automatically
computes the video rate for PIP program, or allows manual settings for the PIP program.
Options are Auto and Manual.
Pip Video Bitrate sets the video bitrate for the PIP program.
Total TS Rate
This parameter sets the total transport stream rate for the PIP program in Mbits/sec. The
default setting is 192000.
PIP Resolution
Use this parameter to set the encoding resolution for the PIP program.

352x288

416x240

352x240

320x240

320x180

192x192

160x120

160x90

128x96

96x96 (default)
Audio Input Status
The AES x Status reports the AES input in one of the following ways:

Not Present

Present

PCM Present

Data Present, AV Locked

Data Present, Not AV Locked
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The AES x Sample Rate reports the input rate as one of the following:

Unknown or Unavailable

48 kHz

44.1 kHz

32 kHz
The embedded audio status parameters (Emb 1A-1B (G1P1) Status, Emb 2A-2B (G1P2)
Status, Emb 3A-3B (G2P1) Status, etc.) report the following:

Not Present

Present

PCM Present

Data Present
The embedded audio sample rate parameters (Emb 1A-1B (G1P1) Sample Rate, Emb
2A-2B (G1P2) Sample Rate, Emb 3A-3B (G2P1) Sample Rate, etc.) report the following:

Unknown or Unavailable

48 kHz

44.1 kHz

32 kHz
Note: Reported sample rates are those declared in the corresponding audio input's AES-3
Channel Block. They are not independently measured by the Selenio encoder. Reported
data or PCM content also follows the declaration in the Channel Block.
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
AAP 1 Configuration
Software Key License Keys for Advanced Audio Processing
To use the Advanced Audio Processing functions, you will need to purchase appropriate
software license keys. The “DED” license keys enable the Dolby E Decode function and the
“LCL” license keys enable DTS Neural Loudness Control functions. Unlicensed functions
and their associated pages are not available on the Selenio interface. Note that the
Advanced Audio Processing functions supported on the encoder are a subset of the
functions available on a Selenio FS1 or XD1 module, and only one function can be selected
at a time. Advanced Audio Processing Functions are not supported on an ENC2 when
video is in the ultra-low latency mode (less than 650 ms). The latency of the Advanced
Audio Processing functions is compensated automatically when used as an input to the
encoded audio streams.
Table 15. Advanced Audio Processing Licensing
License Key Required

SELOPT-SK-EN-DED (for SEL-1ENC1)

SELOPT-SK-E2-DED (for SEL-1ENC2)
Mode
Dolby E Decode
DTS Neural Loudness Control 2.0
DTS Neural Loudness Control 2x1.0

SELOPT-SK-DTS
(for SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2)
DTS Neural Loudness Control 4x2.0
DTS Neural Loudness Control 5.1
DTS Neural Loudness Control 5.1+2.0
Note: Dolby E Decoding is not supported when Genlock is enabled.
Enabling Advanced Audio Processing Modes
Follow these steps to enable the DTS Neural and Dolby modes:
1
Select Advanced Audio Processing / AAP1 in the Audio Compression block.
2
Select General > Processing Mode.
3
Select the processing mode that you need.
4
Select the appropriate inputs for all enabled Source controls. (See Table 16.)
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Installation and Operation Manual
Table 16. Inputs for Source Controls
Processing Mode
Source 1
Source 2
Source 3
Source 4
None
Inactive
Inactive
Inactive
Inactive
M4: Loudness Control
2.0
Program 1
Left / Right
Inactive
Inactive
Inactive
M5: Loudness Control
5.1
Program 1
Left / Right
Program 1
Center / LFE
Program 1
S. Left / S. Right
Inactive
M6: Loudness Control
4x2.0
Program 1
Left / Right
Program 2
Left / Right
Program 3
Left / Right
Program 4
Left / Right
M8: Dolby E Decode
Encoded
Dolby E Signal
Inactive
Inactive
Inactive
M15: Loudness
Control 5.1 + 2.0
Program 1
Left / Right
Program 1
Center / LFE
Program 1
S. Left / S. Right
Program 2
Left / Right
M16: Loudness
Control 2x1.0
Program 1
Center*
Program 2
Center*
Inactive
Inactive
* For monaural loudness control, each program receives its single channel from the first (left) channel of the specified pair of inputs. For the
special case when Source 2 is set to None, program 2 will receive its single channel from the second (right) channel of the pair specified by
parameter Source 1.
5
In the drop down box at the top of the column, change your selection from General to the
mode you selected in step 3.
If you are using the All view instead of the Block Diagram view, change your selection
using the tree on the left of the encoder GUI page.
Note: There are four pages for DTS Neural Loudness Ctrl settings, corresponding to the
four possible loudness control programs indicated in Table 16 above.
6
Wait several seconds for the fields to refresh.
7
Configure the parameters that are available in your mode (parameters that are not
applicable are grayed out).
Accessing Outputs of the Advanced Audio Processing Function
The four output pairs are available to the audio encoder Source 1 to 4 (see page 53). The
four AAP 1 outputs are:

AAP 1 Audio 1A/1B

AAP 1 Audio 2A/2B

AAP 1 Audio 3A/3B

AAP 1 Audio 4A/4B
Note: These AAP outputs are only available if Advanced Audio Processing 1 > General >
Processing Mode is set to Dolby E Decode or one of the Loudness Control modes.
When you select one of the Loudness Control modes, Table 17 on page 43 applies.
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Table 17. AAP Loudness Control Modes
Processing Mode
AAP 1
Audio 1A/1B
AAP 1
Audio 2A/2B
AAP 1
Audio 3A/3B
AAP 1
Audio 4A/4B
M4: Loudness
Control 2.0
Program 1
Left/Right
Mute
Mute
Mute
M5: Loudness
Control 5.1
Program 1
Left/Right
Program 1
Center/LFE
Program 1
S. Left/S. Right
Mute
M6: Loudness
Control 4x2.0
Program 1
Left/Right
Program 2
Left/Right
Program 3
Left/Right
Program 4
Left/Right
M15: Loudness
Control 5.1 + 2.0
Program 1
Left/Right
Program 1
Center/LFE
Program 1
S. Left/S. Right
Program 2
Left/Right
M16: Loudness
Control 2x1.0
Program 1
Center/Mute
Program 2
Center/Mute
Mute
Mute
When you select Dolby E Decode in Processing Mode, the following table applies:
Table 18. AAP Dolby E Decode Modes
Dolby E
Program
Configuration
AAP 1
Audio 1A/1B
AAP 1
Audio 2A/2B
AAP 1
Audio 3A/3B
AAP 1
Audio 4A/4B
5.1+2
1L / 1R
1C / 1LFE
1Ls / 1Rs
2L / 2R
5.1+1+1
1L / 1R
1C / 1LFE
1Ls / 1Rs
2C / 3C
4+4
1L / 1R
1C / 1S
2C / 2S
2L / 2R
4+2+2
1L / 1R
1C / 1S
3L / 3R
2L / 2R
4+2+1+1
1L / 1R
1C / 1S
3C / 4C
2L / 2R
4+1+1+1+1
1L / 1R
1C / 1S
4C / 5C
2C / 3C
2+2+2+2
1L / 1R
3L / 3R
4L / 4R
2L / 2R
2+2+2+1+1
1L / 1R
3L / 3R
4C / 5C
2L / 2R
2+2+1+1+1+1
1L / 1R
3C / 4C
5C / 6C
2L / 2R
2+1+1+1+1+1+1
1L / 1R
4C / 5C
6C / 7C
2C / 3C
1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1
1C / 2C
3C / 4C
5C / 6C
7C / 8C
5.1
1L / 1R
1C / 1LFE
1Ls / 1Rs
Mute / Mute
4+2
1L / 1R
1C / 1S
Mute / Mute
2L / 2R
4+1+1
1L / 1R
1C / 1S
Mute / Mute
2C / 3C
2+2+2
1L / 1R
3L / 3R
Mute / Mute
2L / 2R
2+2+1+1
1L / 1R
3C / 4C
Mute / Mute
2L / 2R
2+1+1+1+1
1L / 1R
4C / 5C
Mute / Mute
2C / 3C
1+1+1+1+1+1
1C / 2C
3C / 4C
5C / 6C
Mute / Mute
4
1L / 1R
1C / 1S
Mute / Mute
Mute / Mute
2+2
1L / 1R
Mute / Mute
Mute / Mute
2L / 2R
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SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Table 18. AAP Dolby E Decode Modes (Continued)
Dolby E
Program
Configuration
AAP 1
Audio 1A/1B
AAP 1
Audio 2A/2B
AAP 1
Audio 3A/3B
AAP 1
Audio 4A/4B
2+1+1
1L / 1R
Mute / Mute
Mute / Mute
2C / 3C
1+1+1+1
1C / 2C
3C / 4C
Mute / Mute
Mute / Mute
7.1
1L / 1R
1C / 1LFE
1Ls / 1Rs
1Lrs / 1Rrs
7.1 screen
1L / 1R
1C / 1LFE
1Ls / 1Rs
1Lc / 1Rc
PCM
PCM
Left / Right
Mute / Mute
Mute / Mute
Mute / Mute
Note: To re-encode a monaural program (such as Program 2 or 3 of a 5.1+1+1
configuration), it is important to set the encoder's Mode parameter to Mono-Left or
Mono-Right as described in the Source 1 to 4 description on page 53.
DTS Neural Loudness Control 1 to 4
The SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2 each offer four channels of DTS Neural Loudness Control—
a loudness leveling device that uses advanced psycho-acoustic and signal processing
techniques to accurately detect and regulate the perceived loudness of stereo and 5.1
sources. Using this feature, you can regulate audio without creating the perception of being
“squished” or compressed.
One of the important aspects of loudness control is frequency compensation, also known as
loudness shaping. Loudness studies dating back to Fletcher /Munson in the 1930s found
that the human ear is more sensitive to different frequencies at different loudness levels.
The Loudness Shaping (Frequency Compensation) parameter preserves the same
perceptual frequency balance as the input signal, while correcting the loudness to match a
desired Target Level.
For example, with Loudness Shaping enabled at a medium level, signals that fall below
the Target Level setting have more gain added to middle frequencies than higher or lower
frequencies. This preserves the original spectral balance. Conversely, signals that fall above
the Target Level setting will have middle frequencies attenuated more than higher or
lower frequencies. Because the Loudness Shaping parameter applies less gain to high and
low frequencies, high or low frequency noise does not become over-emphasized.
Loudness Control Presets
The Loudness Control feature uses four different presets (Ultra-Light, Light, Medium, and
Aggressive). The table below lists the values that each of these presets represents. When
this control on the General page is modified, the corresponding preset values are used to
populate the specific DTS Neural Loudness Ctrl x pages applicable to the selected
Processing Mode. Individual values on these pages can then be fine tuned if desired.
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Table 19. DTS Neural Loudness Control Preset Settings
Parameter Name
Ultra Light
Light
Medium
Aggressive
Loudness Control Function
Enable
Enable
Enable
Enable
Loudness Measurement Type
LEQ 1770
LEQ 1770
LEQ 1770
LEQ 1770
LC Ratio
0.80
0.95
0.98
1.0
Upper Loudness Threshold (dB)
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Lower Loudness Threshold (dB)
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Freeze Window (dB)
5.0
4.0
2.0
1.0
Quiet Threshold (dBEq)
-55.0
-55.0
-55.0
-55.0
Attack
80.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
Release
300.0
220.0
150.0
100.0
Compressor Threshold (dB)
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
Compressor Ratio
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
Loudness Shaping
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Final Limiter Ceiling (dBFS)
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Run Final Limiters
Enable
Enable
Enable
Enable
Metering
On
On
On
On
Loudness Control Function and Loudness Control Status
The Loudness Control Function parameter enables or bypasses DTS Neural Loudness
Control. The default setting is Enabled. The status parameter reports one of the following
conditions:

Uninitialized (default)

Running

Not Running (bypassed)

Not Running
Target Loudness Level
This control sets the loudness level that will be targeted (from -40 dBEq to 0 dBEq) with a
default setting of -27 dBEq. If the loudness leveled output will be encoded in the Dolby
Digital, Dolby Digital Plus or Dolby E formats, the Target Loudness Level should be set to
a value in the range of -31 dBEq to -1 dBEq, and the corresponding Dialog Normalization
setting (page 61) should be set to the same value.
Note: This value should be set according to local laws and customs. For example, if
loudness control is being used for broadcast in the U.S.A., the value should be set to -24
dBEq.
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LC Ratio
Use this parameter to control the amount of gain or attenuation that is applied when
loudness differences are measured. Range: 0% to 100%, with a default setting of 90%.
Lower, Upper, and Quiet Thresholds
Lower Threshold and Upper Threshold parameters set the lowest and highest measured
loudness below or above the target that will be permitted before gain or attenuation is
applied by the loudness control function. The Quiet Threshold parameter controls the
noise floor level. The range of the Lower Threshold is -20 dB to 0 dB; the Upper
Threshold range is 0 to 20 dB. The default setting for both is 0 dB. Quiet Threshold is set
from -80 dBEq to -20 dBEq (default is -50 dBEq).
Freeze Window
Use this control to set the size of a window in which small loudness differences are allowed,
without the need to change gain or attenuation. The range is 0.0 dB to 10.0 dB, with a
default of 1.0 dB.
Attack Time and Release Time
The Attack Time parameter controls how quickly the processing will respond to sharp
increases in loudness (range: 5 ms to 150 ms), while the Release Time sets the response
time to sharp decreases in loudness (range: 20 ms to 500 ms). The Attack Time default is
20 ms; the Release Time default is 120 ms.
Compressor Threshold and Compressor Ratio
The Compressor Threshold sets the allowable short-term peak above the target level
(range is 0 dB to 16 dB, with a default of 5 dB). Compressor Ratio controls the amount of
attenuation applied when short-term peaks exceed the compressor threshold. Settings
range from 0.00 to 1.00, with a default of 0.40.
Loudness Shaping
Use this control to set the amount of loudness shaping required, from 0.0 to 1.0 (default is
0.5). See DTS Neural Loudness Control 1 to 4 on page 44 for details.
Run Final Limiters and Final Limiter Ceiling
The Run Final Limiters control determines if a final maximum loudness limit will be
applied. If Run Final Limiters is set to Enable, the Final Limiter Ceiling control sets the
threshold above which final limiting will be applied (range is -20 dBFS to 0 dBFS, and
default setting is 0 dBFS).
Metering
Use this parameter to activate the real-time meter for the DTS Loudness Control status
reports. Values are updated one or two times per second on the following parameters:
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual

Current Input Loudness

Current Input Peak

Current Output Loudness

Current Output Peak

Current Correction

Current Compression
Note: Activating the real-time meters will degrade overall responsiveness of the Selenio
GUI; they should be deactivated unless you are actively watching them.
Audio 1-8
For Dolby Digital and Dolby Digital Plus setup instructions, see page 64
Enable Output
The Enable Output parameter identifies if the audio is active, and which program it is
associated with. On the ENC1, the options are Off, Main, and PIP. The options on the
ENC2 are Off and Main. Additionally, both the ENC1 and the ENC2 offer the Independent
(Main) option. When this choice is selected (also known as IFB Audio), the audio stream is
placed in a separate program and configured for minimal delay. In this situation, the audio
PID and PCR PID are the ones specified at TS Mux > MPEG Parameters > Main Program
page. The PMT PID will be 32 + 16 x program number. The program number for the audio
program increments from the main program by one, for each audio, in order of the stream
index.
When set to Independent (Main), the audio program behaves in a manner similar to
programs in “Audio Only” mode (selected by setting Video > Primary Source > None)
with the exception that the delay for the independent audio program is only 150 msec, as
opposed to the 500 msec used for programs in the “Audio Only” mode.
The Independent (Main) option makes it possible to encode a secondary audio that is not
delayed by the same amount of delay encountered by the video when passing through the
encoder. This audio can signal events downstream in advance of the corresponding video.
Loss of Input
The audio Loss of Input parameter controls which action to perform when the input
source is not present. Available options are Mute (default) and Stop. If you select Mute,
the encoded stream will continue to code silence. If you select Stop, the data rate for that
encoded stream will go to zero in the event of input loss, producing an illegal stream (the
PID referred to in the PMT is no longer in the transport stream). Downstream devices can
detect this illegal stream, trigger an alarm, and switch to an alternate audio source.
For externally compressed audio, the Mute option is not available. In that case, if the input
is lost, the encoder creates a “dummy” PMT entry with default values.
For 5.1 audio, if the setting is Mute, the audio for a given source (pair of channels) is muted
when the source (pair of channels) is lost, and the other channels continue to be coded.
However, when you have selected Stop, if any of the sources (channels) in the mix are lost,
the entire output of elementary stream for the 5.1 audio is stopped, producing an illegal
stream, as described above.
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Mode
The audio encoding modes are set as follows:

Mode 5.1 is used for 5.1 channel surround sound. Mode-5-1 is also used for all
configuration of Dolby E encoding (up to 8 channels).

Mono-Left encodes monaural audio from the first (left) channel of the input pair
selected by Source 1.

Mono-Right encodes monaural audio from the second (right) channel of the input pair
selected by Source 1.

Stereo encodes stereo audio, left and right.

Parametric Stereo is used for very low bitrate AAC-HE v.2 encoding (this setting is
available if the Audio Format parameter indicates AAC-HE encoding).

Dual-mono mode applies only when the Audio Format parameter indicates MPEG 1
encoding. To assist with decoder automation, the stream is marked as Dual-mono. The
actual encoding process is identical to stereo.
When encoding in Dolby Digital or Dolby Digital Plus formats, the actual channel
configuration is controlled by the active Metadata Source (metadata generator, serial port,
or VANC) described on page 58. This Mode setting acts as a limit on the coding mode and
Low Frequency Effects (LFE) channel settings that may be used in the Metadata Source.
When Mono (Left) or Mono (Right) are selected, the coding mode must be 1/0 and the
LFE channel will not be encoded. When Stereo is selected, the coding mode can be 1/0 or
2/0 and the LFE channel will not be encoded. If Multichannel is the selected option, all
coding modes are supported and the LFE channel can be encoded. The Parametric Stereo
and Dual Mono modes are not selectable when encoding in Dolby Digital or Dolby Digital
Plus formats.
Audio Format
This parameter sets the audio input coding standard. The default setting is MPEG-192k.
See Table 21 on page 49 to Table 20 on page 48 for details. (AAC-HE, AAC-LC ≤80 kbps,
Dolby Digital < 96 kbps, and Dolby Digital Plus < 96 kbps are not supported for
ultra-low latency.)
Table 20. Audio Encoding Formats
Option Prefix
Type of Encoding Affected
AAC-HE- and AAC-LC
AAC encoding
Dolby Digital
Dolby Digital (AC-3)
Dolby Digital Plus
Dolby Digital Plus
Externally Compressed
External audio encoders (passthrough of Dolby Digital,
Dolby Digital Plus, or Dolby E encoding)
MPEG
MPEG 1 Layer 2 encoding
SMPTE302
Uncompressed AES3 according to SMPTE 302
Dolby E
Dolby E
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
*.
Table 21. AAC-HE, AAC-LC Audio Format and Audio Mode Settings and Bitrates
Possible Audio Mode Settings *
Parametric 5.1
Stereo
Nominal
Bit Rate
(bps)
Transport Stream
Bit Rate (bps)
(Includes
TS Overhead)
ENC2
Support
for Low
Latency
Yes
Yes
24000
24720
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
32000
32960
No
AAC-HE-40k
Yes
Yes
Yes
40000
41200
No
AAC-HE-48k
Yes
Yes
Yes
48000
49440
No
AAC-HE-56k
Yes
Yes
Yes
56000
57680
No
AAC-LC-56k
Yes
Yes
Yes
56000
57680
No
AAC-HE-64k
Yes
Yes
Yes
64000
65920
No
AAC-LC-64k
Yes
Yes
64000
65920
No
Possible
Audio Format
Settings
Mono
Dual
Mono and
Stereo
AAC-HE-24k
Yes
AAC-HE-32k
AAC-HE-80k
AAC-LC-80k
Yes
AAC-HE-96k
AAC-LC-96k
Yes
AAC-HE-112k
AAC-LC-112k
Yes
AAC-HE-128k
AAC-LC-128k
Yes
Yes
Yes
80000
82400
No
Yes
Yes
80000
82400
No
Yes
Yes
96000
98880
No
Yes
Yes
96000
98880
Yes
Yes
Yes
112000
115360
No
Yes
Yes
112000
115360
Yes
Yes
Yes
128000
131840
No
Yes
Yes
128000
131840
Yes
Yes
160000
164800
No
Yes
160000
164800
Yes
Yes
192000
197760
No
Yes
192000
197760
Yes
Yes
224000
230720
No
Yes
224000
230720
Yes
Yes
240000
247200
No
Yes
256000
263680
Yes
Yes
280000
288400
Yes
AAC-HE-160k
AAC-LC-160k
Yes
Yes
AAC-HE-192k
AAC-LC-192k
Yes
Yes
AAC-HE-224k
AAC-LC-224k
Yes
Yes
AAC-HE-240k
AAC-LC-256k
Yes
Yes
AAC-LC-280k
AAC-LC-320k
Yes
Yes
320000
329600
Yes
AAC-LC-384k
Yes
Yes
384000
395520
Yes
AAC-LC-448k
Yes
Yes
448000
461440
Yes
AAC-LC-512k
Yes
Yes
512000
527360
Yes
AAC-LC-576k
Yes
576000
593280
Yes
AAC-LC-640k
Yes
640000
659200
Yes
AAC-LC-800k
Yes
800000
824000
Yes
* AAC-HE indicates that Spectral Band Replication is being used. AAC-HE Version 1 is used when Audio Format is set to AAC-HE in Mono,
Dual-Mono, and Stereo modes.
AAC-HE Version 2 is used when Audio Format is set to AAC-HE and the Mode is set to Parametric Stereo.
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Table 22. Dolby Digital Audio Format and Audio Mode Relationships and Bitrates
Possible Audio
Format
Settings
Possible Metadata Coding Mode
Settings
1.0
2.0
3.0
and
2.1
3.1
and
2.2
3/2
Nominal
Bit Rate
(bps)
Transport Stream
Bit Rate (bps)
(Includes
TS Overhead)
ENC2
Support
for Low
Latency
Dolby Digital 56k
Yes
56000
58751
No
Dolby Digital 64k
Yes
64000
67143
No
Dolby Digital 80k
Yes
80000
82251
No
Dolby Digital 96k
Yes
Yes
96000
99223
Yes
Dolby Digital 112k
Yes
Yes
112000
114889
Yes
Dolby Digital 128k
Yes
Yes
Yes
128000
131601
Yes
Dolby Digital 160k
Yes
Yes
Yes
160000
164501
Yes
Dolby Digital 192k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
192000
197401
Yes
Dolby Digital 224k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
224000
229778
Yes
Dolby Digital 256k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
256000
263201
Yes
Dolby Digital 320k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
320000
329001
Yes
Dolby Digital 384k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
384000
393626
Yes
Dolby Digital 448k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
448000
458251
Yes
Dolby Digital 512k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
512000
523715
Yes
Dolby Digital 576k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
576000
590112
Yes
Dolby Digital 640k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
640000
658001
Yes
Table 23. Externally-Compressed Audio Format and Audio Mode Relationships and Bitrates
Possible Audio
Format Settings *
Possible Audio
Mode Settings
Nominal
Bit Rate
(bps)
Transport Stream
Bit Rate (bps)
(Includes TS Overhead)
Externally Compressed-192k
Stereo
192000
198445
Externally Compressed-256k
Stereo
256000
263201
Externally Compressed-384k
Stereo
384000
393626
Externally Compressed-448k
Stereo
448000
458251
Externally Compressed-640k
Stereo
640000
658001
Externally Compressed-800k
Stereo
800000
822500
Externally Compressed-2400k or Dolby E
(for use with external Dolby E encoders)
Stereo
2400000
2419200
* The audio mode is ignored for these standard settings.
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Table 24. Dolby Digital Plus Audio Format and Audio Mode Relationships and Bitrates
Possible Metadata Coding Mode
Settings
Nominal
Bit Rate
(bps)
Transport
Stream Bit
Rate (bps)
(Includes TS
Overhead)
ENC2
Support
for Low
Latency
Possible Audio
Format Settings
1.0
Dolby Digital Plus-32k
Yes
32000
33572
No
Dolby Digital Plus-40k
Yes
40000
41778
No
Dolby Digital Plus-48k
Yes
48000
52223
No
Dolby Digital Plus-56k
Yes
56000
58750
No
Dolby Digital Plus-64k
Yes
Yes
64000
67143
No
Dolby Digital Plus-72k
Yes
Yes
72000
75200
No
Dolby Digital Plus-80k
Yes
Yes
80000
82250
No
Dolby Digital Plus-88k
Yes
Yes
88000
94000
No
Dolby Digital Plus-96k
Yes
Yes
96000
99223
Yes
Dolby Digital Plus-104k
Yes
Yes
104000
107429
Yes
Dolby Digital Plus-112k
Yes
Yes
112000
114889
Yes
Dolby Digital Plus-120k
Yes
Yes
120000
123375
Yes
Dolby Digital Plus-128k
Yes
Yes
Yes
128000
131600
Yes
Dolby Digital Plus-144k
Yes
Yes
Yes
144000
147715
Yes
Dolby Digital Plus-160k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
160000
164500
Yes
Dolby Digital Plus-176k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
176000
181286
Yes
Dolby Digital Plus-192k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
192000
197400
Yes
Dolby Digital Plus-200k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
200000
205625
Yes
Dolby Digital Plus-208k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
208000
214112
Yes
Dolby Digital Plus-224k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
224000
229778
Yes
Dolby Digital Plus-232k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
232000
240223
Yes
Dolby Digital Plus-240k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
240000
246750
Yes
Dolby Digital Plus-248k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
248000
255146
Yes
Dolby Digital Plus-256k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
256000
263200
Yes
Dolby Digital Plus-272k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
272000
282000
Yes
Dolby Digital Plus-288k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
288000
295429
Yes
Dolby Digital Plus-304k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
304000
311375
Yes
Dolby Digital Plus-320k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
320000
329000
Yes
Dolby Digital Plus-336k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
336000
344667
Yes
Dolby Digital Plus-352k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
352000
360334
Yes
Dolby Digital Plus-368k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
368000
381223
Yes
Dolby Digital Plus-384k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
384000
393625
Yes
2.0
3/0
and 2/1
3/1
and 2/2
3/2
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Table 24. Dolby Digital Plus Audio Format and Audio Mode Relationships and Bitrates (Continued)
Dolby Digital Plus-400k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
400000
409572
Yes
Dolby Digital Plus-448k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
448000
458250
Yes
Dolby Digital Plus-512k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
512000
523715
Yes
Dolby Digital Plus-576k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
576000
590112
Yes
Dolby Digital Plus-640k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
640000
658000
Yes
Dolby Digital Plus-704k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
704000
720667
Yes
Dolby Digital Plus-768k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
768000
785572
Yes
Dolby Digital Plus-832k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
832000
851223
Yes
Dolby Digital Plus-896k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
896000
916500
Yes
Dolby Digital Plus-960k
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
960000
981778
Yes
Dolby Digital Plus-1024k Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
1024000
1047429
Yes
Table 25. MPEG Audio Format and Audio Mode Relationships and Bitrates
Nominal
Bit Rate
(bps)
Transport
Stream
Bit Rate
(bps)
(Includes
TS Overhead)
Possible Audio Mode Settings
Possible Audio
Format
Mono
Settings
Dual-Mono
Stereo
MPEG-32k
Yes
32000
34182
MPEG-48k
Yes
48000
50134
MPEG-56k
Yes
56000
62667
MPEG-64k
Yes
64000
67889
MPEG-80k
Yes
80000
83556
MPEG-96k
Yes
Yes
Yes
96000
99223
MPEG-112k
Yes
Yes
Yes
112000
114889
MPEG-128k
Yes
Yes
Yes
128000
131601
MPEG-160k
Yes
Yes
Yes
160000
164501
MPEG-192k
Yes
Yes
Yes
192000
198445
MPEG-224k
Yes
Yes
224000
229778
MPEG-256k
Yes
Yes
256000
262061
MPEG-320k
Yes
Yes
320000
329001
MPEG-384k
Yes
Yes
384000
393091
Yes
Yes
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Table 26. SMPTE 302 and Dolby E Sample Size, Bitrate, and Transport Stream Rate
Possible
Sample
Audio
Width
Mode Settings
Nominal
Bit Rate
(bps)
Transport Stream
Bit Rate (bps)
(Includes
TS Overhead)
SMPTE302-2000k
or Dolby E-2000k
Stereo
16 bits
1920000
2016000 bps
SMPTE302-2400k
or Dolby E-2400k
Stereo
20 bits
2304000
2419200 bps
SMPTE302-2800k
Stereo
24 bits
2688000
2822400 bps
Standard *
*The audio Mode will be forced to stereo for the SMPTE302 settings and to Multichannel for the Dolby E
settings.
Source 1 to 4
This parameter selects the audio source for each multichannel codec. The options include
None (default), Mute, Tone, one of the eight AES inputs, one of the eight embedded
audio groups, or one of the four AAP 1 outputs described in Enabling Advanced Audio
Processing Modes on page 41.
When encoding monaural material from the pair of channels specified by Source 1, the
Mode parameter determines which channel is encoded. When Mode is set to Mono
(Left), the module encodes the 1st (left) channel of the Source 1 input. Mode set to
Mono (Right) encodes the 2nd (right) channel of the Source 1 input.
When the Mode is configured as Multichannel (5+1) for Dolby Digital or Dolby Digital
Plus encoding, there are two channel mappings possible, one with up to 6 channels of
audio input and one limited to 4 channels. The choice of channel mapping is determined by
whether Source 3 is set to none or another choice:



Source 1 = Left / Right
Source 2 = Center / LFE
Source 3 = Surround Left / Surround Right
or



Source 1 = Left / Right
Source 2 = Center / Surround (mono)
Source 3 = None
The second choice should be used when encoding a 4 channel program out of a Dolby E
decoder (either external or in the AAP 1).
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When Audio Format indicates Dolby E encoding, the Source 4 control is used to support
specification of two additional channels, allowing up to eight channels of input to the Dolby
E encoder. See Table 27.
Table 27. Mapping Dolby E Programs
Dolby E
Program
Configuration
Source 1
Source 2
Source 3
Source 4
5.1+2
1L / 1R
1C / 1LFE
1Ls / 1Rs
2L / 2R
5.1+1+1
1L / 1R
1C / 1LFE
1Ls / 1Rs
2C / 3C
4+4
1L / 1R
1C / 1S
2C / 2S
2L / 2R
4+2+2
1L / 1R
1C / 1S
3L / 3R
2L / 2R
4+2+1+1
1L / 1R
1C / 1S
3C / 4C
2L / 2R
4+1+1+1+1
1L / 1R
1C / 1S
4C / 5C
2C / 3C
2+2+2+2
1L / 1R
3L / 3R
4L / 4R
2L / 2R
2+2+2+1+1
1L / 1R
3L / 3R
4C / 5C
2L / 2R
2+2+1+1+1+1
1L / 1R
3C / 4C
5C / 6C
2L / 2R
2+1+1+1+1+1+1
1L / 1R
4C / 5C
6C / 7C
2C / 3C
1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1
1C / 2C
3C / 4C
5C / 6C
7C / 8C
5.1
1L / 1R
1C / 1LFE
1Ls / 1Rs
Unused / Unused
4+2
1L / 1R
1C / 1S
Unused/Unused
2L / 2R
4+1+1
1L / 1R
1C / 1S
Unused / Unused
2C / 3C
2+2+2
1L / 1R
3L / 3R
Unused / Unused
2L / 2R
2+2+1+1
1L / 1R
3C / 4C
Unused / Unused
2L / 2R
2+1+1+1+1
1L / 1R
4C / 5C
Unused / Unused
2C / 3C
1+1+1+1+1+1
1C / 2C
3C / 4C
5C / 6C
Unused / Unused
4
1L / 1R
1C / 1S
Unused / Unused
Unused / Unused
2+2
1L / 1R
Unused / Unused
Unused / Unused
2L / 2R
2+1+1
1L / 1R
Unused / Unused
Unused / Unused
2C / 3C
1+1+1+1
1C / 2C
3C / 4C
Unused / Unused
Unused / Unused
Delay
This parameter makes it possible to correct lip-sync by adjusting audio delay between -500
and +500 msec, relative to video. A negative number causes the audio signal to precede the
video and helps to synchronize audio and video when using an external audio encoder. The
best negative delay value to use is the one that most closely approximates the external
audio encoder’s end-to-end processing time.
Note: When the ENC2 is in low delay mode, only values of 0 to 500 msec are available.
Also, an ENC2 may not be able to support a full scale negative delay of -500 msec. The
actual limit supported depends on the total latency of the configured encoder, which is
affected by the audio and video configuration chosen.
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Gain
This parameter sets the audio gain to apply, with a range of -80.0 to 40.0 dB (default is 0).
De-emphasis
When this parameter is set to On, the audio compression is affected in different ways,
depending on the type of signal.

Dolby Digital or Dolby Digital Plus: The encoder applies de-emphasis prior to audio
compression.

MPEG: The encoder sets a flag in the audio stream that directs downstream equipment
to apply de-emphasis.
When you set De-emphasis to Auto, its behavior is determined by the channel bits in the
input audio stream. It behaves as if set to On when a channel block is received indicating
50/15 µs pre-emphasis; it behaves as though set to Off for all other pre-emphasis
indications (or lack thereof). Audio standards other than Dolby Digital, Dolby Digital Plus or
MPEG are not affected by this parameter.
Copyright and Original
These two parameters set Copyright and Original markers for downstream use.
Language Code
This control specifies the ISO language code identifying the audio stream. In Dual Mono
(1+1) mode, the control specifies the code used for the first monaural channel, while the
following 2nd Language Code control becomes enabled and specifies the code used for
the second monaural channel. You can type a country code directly into this field. The
default setting for this parameter is English (eng).
Codec Sample Rate
Available options are 32 kHz and 48 kHz. The 32 kHz sample rate is only currently valid for
MPEG, AAC-HE, and AAC-LC audio codecs, and is not supported in Low Latency mode on
the ENC2. The Selenio DEC1 and DEC2 decoders accept the 32 kHz sample rate on these
codecs only.
Note: This control only affects the sample rate used by the codec to compress the audio
stream. The audio inputs (embedded or AES-3) for these encoder cards must still use a 48
kHz sample rate. Hardware sample rate converters will adjust the input sample rate to 48
kHz for AES-3 inputs, but there is no equivalent conversion available for embedded audio
input.
Source Substream ID
This control selects the externally compressed substream to receive when the Audio
Format parameter is set to one of the Externally Compressed* choices. This value
defaults to 0. If the external compression equipment has a “stream” or “substream”
setting, this parameter should be set to match.
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Status
AV Sync Adjust Count
If audio and video streams have different time bases, they will, over time, drift apart. When
their relative timing difference becomes too large, the encoder adjusts its internal timing to
synchronize them. This condition does not necessarily indicate errors in the audio or video,
but it can be an important diagnostic tool for some applications.
When the encoder receives a new configuration or re-acquires its audio/video, it can
increment this value when synchronizing the inputs. If this count is incrementing, this may
indicate that either there are errors in the audio or video signals being received, or
pre-compressed audio input is not locked to the video time base. In some cases, the
encoder may not have video input, or it might derive its time base from an input other than
video. The AV Sync Adjust Count applies to audio synchronization adjustments relative to
the time base. Video normally supplies that time base, but some exceptions exist.
PMT Channel and Loss of Signal
The PMT Channel read-only parameter indicates the relative position of this audio stream
in the PMT corresponding to the Enable Output setting. Loss of Signal is a read-only
parameter confirming the presence of all required sources (per the Mode setting).
Configuration Error
This read-only parameter identifies the following errors (most of which can be rectified by
changing the settings in the Audio Compression parameters):

Audio Format Not Supported at System Delay

Rate Not Supported at System Delay

Rate Not Supported for Mode

Rate Not Supported for Audio Format

Mode Not Supported for Audio Format

Metadata Coding Mode Not Supported for Rate

Dolby E Rate Bit-Depth Mismatch

Dolby E Program Config Bit-Depth Mismatch

Signaling Not Supported SBR Implicit/PS Explicit

Codec Sample Rate Not Supported at System Delay

Audio Format Not Supported with Frame Reference

AAP Not Supported at System Delay

No Resource for AAP
To correct errors that generated the Rate Not Supported for System Delay message, see
Video Compression > General > System Delay.
To correct errors that generated the Mode Not Supported for Rate message, see your
settings in Audio > Audio x > Mode or Audio > Metadata Generator x > Coding
Mode.
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
AAC
PS (Parametric Stereo) Signaling
This parameter specifies the type of parametric stereo signaling for AAC audio encoding.
The Auto setting instructs the encoder to select the PS signaling that is most appropriate,
based on the program's SI-Mode.

If the SI-Mode is set to ATSC (in Transport Stream > General), the Auto setting
forces the module to the Explicit setting.

If the SI-Mode is set to anything other than ATSC, the Auto setting forces the module
to an Implicit setting.

AAC PS Signalling applies only when Audio Format (in Audio x) is set to one of the
AAC-HE values and Mode is set to Parametric-Stereo.
SBR Signaling
The SBR Signaling parameter provides two options for signaling the presence of SBR data
in the audio stream: Implicit and Explicit HIER. The parametric and SBR Signaling
parameters should normally be set to Auto. When set to Auto, the module uses the
appropriate settings, based on the option selected in the SI Mode (ATSC, ISDB-T, etc.).
Advanced users can override these settings for special cases.
The Explicit-HIER option creates a stream explicitly indicating the presence of SBR data.
Hierarchical signaling indicates the underlying audio object type.
SBR signaling only applies when the following conditions are met:

The audio standard is set to an AAC-HE*... setting

AAC Transport is set to Auto or LOAS.

AAC Version is set to Auto or MPEG-4.
AAC-HE-Profile decoders detect SBR when in implicitly-signaled streams. Older decoders
(unusual) may lose framing if confronted with implicitly signaled SBR or Parametric Stereo.
Transport
This parameter sets the audio stream type field in the PMT and the audio encapsulation
format used for the stream. The Auto setting detects the input audio coding standard that
is set at Audio x > Audio Format.

If the standard has been set to AAC-LC*... the Auto parameter defaults to ADTS.

If the standard has been set to AAC-HE*... the Auto parameter defaults to LOAS.

ADTS (Audio Data Transport Stream) is defined in ISO/IEC 13818-7 and is typically used
with AAC-LC-formatted audio.

LOAS (Low Overhead Audio Stream) is defined in ISO/IEC 14496-3 and is typically used
with AAC-HE-formatted audio.

The Transport parameter applies only when the Audio Format (in Audio x) is set to an
AAC... selection.
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PES Packing
The available Packetized Elementary Stream Packing options are Standard (unaligned)
and Compatibility (aligned, low fidelity). The Compatibility form of PES Packing may
result in some loss of fidelity in the encoding. It should only be used when downstream
decoders are unable to handle unaligned PES packing. When the Compatibility form of
PES Packing is selected, the transport stream overhead may increase to as much as 10%
(normally it is 3%) at low bit rates.
Dolby E Encoder
Bit Depth
This control sets the Bit Depth of the Dolby E audio stream to 16-bit or 20-bit. To use all
eight audio channels, set the Bit Depth to 20. A Bit Depth of 16 allows reduced
bandwidth (Dolby E-2000k instead of Dolby E-2400k) but only supports a maximum of six
audio channels. The 20 (TOF Align) setting is an alternate positioning of the Dolby E
encoded frames which is not strictly correct, but may be necessary for some downstream
equipment. For most applications, it should not be used.
Program Configuration
This parameter sets the Dolby E audio program mix. The default setting is 5.1+2.
Metadata
The Metadata section is enabled when Audio Format is used to select Dolby Digital,
Dolby Digital Plus, or one of the Dolby E modes.
Metadata Source
Use this parameter to set the source for audio metadata. Options are Generator-1,
Generator-2, Serial-1, Serial-2, VANC, and AAP-1. When VANC is selected as the source
for metadata, the encoder will preferentially use the SDID associated with the input pair
(embedded or AES) selected for source 1. It will fall back to SDID 1 if Source 1 is neither
embedded nor AES, or if the associated SDID is not available.
When this option is set to AAP-1 and the AAP 1 Configuration > General > Processing
Mode parameter is set to M8: Dolby E Decode, the controlling metadata will be taken
preferentially from the metadata extracted by the Dolby E decode process of the Advanced
Audio Processing function. If no Dolby E stream is received, or if a different Processing
Mode is selected in the AAP-1, the encoding will follow the Metadata Reversion setting
as described below.
Metadata Reversion
If the module detects an interruption in the Metadata Source, this option sets the
response as either Last (if available) or one of the two internal generators
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Metadata Program
This parameter pairs the audio program with one of the metadata programs.
Metadata Override
Use this control to override some sections of the metadata from the serial port, VANC, or
AAP-1, with your own settings. The section selected here is replaced with the metadata
from the metadata generator specified by Metadata Source or Metadata Reversion,
while the remainder is left untouched.
Metadata Source Used
This read-only parameter displays which source is actually being used for metadata. The
value displayed can be the same as the Metadata Source selection if that source is
providing good metadata. Otherwise, the source is Last Received or Internal, if there are
errors or a loss of input. Possible values are:

None

Serial-1

Serial-2

Last Received

Internal

Generator-1

Generator-2

Vanc

AAP-1
Note: When Metadata Source indicates Last Received, changes to the associated Audio
or Metadata Generator configuration parameters will cause the last received metadata to
be discarded and the new internal generator metadata to be used.
Metadata Error
This read-only parameter shows the current metadata errors. Options are:

No Error

No External Data

No Metadata Preamble

Parse Error

ACMod Configured Mode Mismatch

ACMod Configured Bitrate Mismatch

Program Not Found

Program Config Number of Channels Mismatch
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Metadata Generator 1 and 2
Although these parameters are visible, they are only enabled when you purchase the
appropriate Dolby license key and select one of the Dolby Digital, Dolby Digital Plus, or
Dolby E options in Audio > Audio x > Audio Formats.
Program Select
Each metadata generator contains eight programs. The Program Select parameter makes
it possible to select the program that you want to be editing. The Metadata Program
under Audio > Audio x > Metadata lets you select the program to use for a particular
Dolby Digital or Dolby Digital Plus encoded audio stream.
Dolby E also makes use of these selections. However, Dolby E can use more than one
program in a stream, as defined under Audio > Audio x > Dolby E Encoder > Program
Configuration. The Dolby E encoder always starts with program 1 and uses them
consecutively up to the number of programs specified by the program configuration.
Bitstream Mode
This control sets the Dolby Digital or Dolby Digital Plus bitstream mode. Options are:
Complete Main, Music and Effects, Visually Impaired, Hearing Impaired, Dialogue,
Commentary, Emergency, and Voiceover (Mode 1-0-C) or Karaoke (Voiceover applies
in coding mode 1-0; Karaoke applies in all other coding modes).
Coding Mode
Use this parameter to select one of the following Dolby Digital or Dolby Digital Plus coding
modes:

1-0 C

2-0 L R

3-0 L C R

2-1 L R S

3-1 L C R S

2-2 L R Ls Rs

3-2 L C R Ls Rs
Only coding modes 1-0 C and 2-0 L R should be selected when Mode is set to Stereo on
the corresponding Audio > Audio x page. Only coding mode 1-0 C should be selected
when Mode is set to Mono (Left) or Mono (Right).
Center Mix Level
The Dolby Digital (AC-3) Center Mix level can be set to -3.0 db, -4.5 dB, or -6.0 dB. This
control is only active if Extended Bitstream Information is disabled and the
corresponding channel(s) are included by the Coding Mode parameter. This parameter is
not used by the Dolby Digital Plus encoder.
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Surround Mix Level
The Dolby Digital (AC-3) Surround Mix Level can be set to -3.0 dB, -6.0 dB, or Infinity. This
control is only active if Extended Bitstream Information is disabled and the
corresponding channel(s) are included by the Coding Mode parameter. This parameter is
not used by the Dolby Digital Plus encoder.
Dolby Surround Mode and LFE Channel
The Dolby Surround Mode parameter indicates if the source material was externally
enhanced with Dolby Surround Mode, and it only applies to coding mode 2-0.
You should carefully select the setting of the Dolby Surround Mode parameter whenever
you are encoding stereo input to the Selenio encoder. The Dolby Surround Mode
metadata indicates to the downstream decoder whether the stereo audio has been created
from an original 5.1 source with a downmixer that used the Dolby Surround process. This is
the process that the downstream decoder would use if the encoder was receiving and
encoding a 5.1 source, and the decoder was downmixing to stereo (because the user only
has 2 speakers) using the Lt/Rt downmix process (as opposed to the Lo/Ro downmix).
Essentially, the Dolby Surround process produces a downmix with phase information that
allows it to be re-upmixed better.
Similarly, you should carefully select the setting of LFE Channel whenever you are encoding
more than two channels in the following coding modes:

3-0 L C R

2-1 L R S

3-1 L C R S

2-2 L R Ls Rs

3-2 L C R Ls Rs
The LFE Channel parameter tells the encoder whether or not to encode the LFE
(sub-woofer) channel. Some audio sources may not have separated out the low frequencies
from the other channels, and there's no reason to encode them. However, most modern
equipment does process the low frequencies in a separate channel (since humans cannot
tell the direction from which low frequencies are coming).
If the selected Coding Mode is not one of the options shown above, the LFE Channel
control is grayed out.)
The Dolby Surround Mode and LFE Channel parameters are important; however, the
default settings are often the correct ones to use.
Dialog Normalization
Use this control to set the average dialogue level, from -31 dB to -1 dB, (default is -27 dB).
If the source of this encoding is Loudness Control processing in the Advanced Audio
Processor, the value of Dialog Normalization should match the Target Loudness Level
setting.
Audio Production Info
This parameter enables the Mix Level and Room Type controls.
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Mix Level
This parameter sets the Dolby Digital or Dolby Digital Plus acoustic sound pressure level
used during final audio mixing. The range is 80 dB to 111 dB, with a default of 105 dB. The
Mix Level control is only active if the Audio Production Info control is set to Yes.
Room Type
This control sets the type and calibration of the mixing room used for the final audio mixing
session when the audio standard is set to a Dolby Digital or Dolby Digital Plus selection.
Options are Not Indicated, Small Room and Large Room. The Room Type controls are
only active if the Audio Production Info control is set to Yes.
Copyright Protected
This control sets a copyright indicator in the metadata, which is visible at the decoder.
Original Bitstream
The Original Bitstream parameter sets a flag for downstream use.
Extended Bitstream Information
This control enables or disables Extended Bitstream Information Metadata. (An Ext at
the beginning of an audio parameter name indicates an extended parameter controlled by
the Extended Bitstream Information control.)
When Extended Bitstream Information is Enabled, the Ext series of controls replaces
the simpler Center Mix Level and Surround Mix Level controls. The Ext controls that are
enabled are those that are appropriate for the current setting of Coding Mode.
The Dolby Digital encoder can use either Center Mix/Surround Mix or Ext controls, but
the Dolby Digital Plus or Dolby E encoder will transmit only the Extended Bitstream
Information values. If the metadata generator is used to control a Dolby Digital Plus or
Dolby E encoder, and the Extended Bitstream Information control is set to Disabled, the
Center Mix Level value will be used to populate the LoRo Ctr Mix Level parameter while
the Surround Mix Level value will be used to populate the LoRo Surr Mix Level
parameter. All other Extended Bitstream Information parameters will be set to their
default values. This same strategy is also used when receiving metadata which does not
contain Extended Bitstream Information from an external source (serial port or VANC).
Ext Stereo Downmix
This parameter specifies the preferred downmix to be used by a decoder with fewer
speakers than the number of encoded channels. The choices are: Not Indicated (no
preference specified during the encoding process), Lt/Rt Preferred (the decoder should
favor Left total/Right total or “Pro Logic” downmix), and Lo/Ro Preferred (the decoder
should favor a Left only/Right only “simple stereo” or mono downmix. This control is
enabled when Extended Bitstream Information is set to Enable and Coding Mode is
greater than 2-0.
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Ext LtRt Ctr Mix Level and Ext LtRt Surr Mix Level
These controls set the center and surround mix levels for Left total/Right total downmixing.
Ext LoRo Ctr Mix Level and Ext LoRo Surr Mix Level
These controls set the Extended Lo-Ro (Left-Only/Right Only) Center and Surround Mix
levels to 3.0 dB, 1.5 dB, 0.0 dB, -1.5 dB, -3.0 dB, -4.5 dB, -6.0 dB, and -Inf dB.
Ext Dolby Digital Surround EX Mode
Set this parameter to Yes if the input multiple surround channel audio signal has been
encoded with Extended Dolby Digital Surround EX Mode.
Ext A-to-D Type
This parameter selects the type of analog-to-digital converter that was used to capture the
audio prior to encoding. Options are Standard and HDCD (High Definition Compatible
Digital).
DC High-Pass Filter, Low-Pass Filter, and LFE Low-Pass Filters
These controls provide enable/disable control of the DC High-Pass Filter, Low-Pass Filter,
and LFE Low-Pass Filters. The default setting for these parameters is Enabled.
Surround Channel Phase Shift and Surround Channel Attenuation
The Surround Channel Phase Shift enables a 90 degree phase shift to the surround
channel(s); the Surround Channel Attenuation enables the encoder’s 3 dB attenuation of
the surround channel(s). Surround Channel Phase Shift is enabled by default; Surround
Channel Attenuation is disabled by default.
RF Mode Dynamic Range Profile
This control selects one of six standard dynamic range control profiles used by the decoder
when producing an output that is suitable for inclusion in an RF signal (NTSC baseband).
Line Mode Dynamic Range Profile
This control selects one of six standard dynamic range control profiles to be used by the
decoder when producing line-out audio.
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Setup Instructions for Dolby Digital and Dolby Digital Plus
Follow these steps to set up Dolby Digital or Dolby Digital Plus encoding:
1
In Audio Compression > x, select the audio compression channel you require.
2
Select General.
3
In Audio Format, select Dolby Digital or Dolby Digital Plus with its encoded bitrate.
Figure 19. Dolby Digital Selection
4
In the Mode parameter, select Mode 5-1, Mono-Left, Stereo, or Mono-Right.
Figure 20. Mode Selection
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
5
In Enable Output, select Main.
Figure 21. Output Enabled
6
Route the audio to the correct input channels shown in Table 28, based on the Mode you
selected (use Source 4 for Dolby E encoding).
Table 28. Input Channels and Modes
Mode
Source 1
Source 2
Source 3
Stereo
L/R
Unused
Unused
Stereo1
C/--
Unused
Unused
Mono-Left
C/--
Unused
Unused
Mono-Right
--/C
Unused
Unused
Mode 5-1
L/R
C/LFE
SL/SR
5-12
L/R
C/S
none
Mode 5-13
L/R
C/LFE
S/--
Mode
1 When metadata Coding Mode is 1-0C
2 When Source 3 is set to none
3 When metadata Coding Mode is 2-1 LRS or 3-1 LCRS
Note: If metadata Coding Mode or LFE Channel requires channels not provided here, an alarm is triggered at
runtime.
7
Select the Metadata options as described on page 67.
Dolby E Compression Setup
Follow these steps to set up Dolby E compression:
1
In Audio Compression > x, select the audio compression channel you require.
2
Select General.
3
In Audio Format, select the Dolby E option you require.
2000K options allow a bit depth of 16; 2400K options allow a bit depth of 16 or 20.
Special bit depth 20 (TOF aligned) is non-standard support for some broken receivers.
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Figure 22. Audio Format Selection
4
Switch from General to Dolby E Encoder in the drop down menu.
Figure 23. Dolby E Encoder Menu
5
Select the Bit Depth and Program Configuration options.
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Figure 24. Bit Depth and Program Configuration
6
Select the Metadata options as described on page 67.
Metadata Setup for Dolby E and Dolby Digital
Follow these steps to configure the metadata source and policies:
1
In Audio Compression > x, select the audio compression channel you require, and then
select Metadata at the top of the page.
Figure 25. Metadata Source and Policies
2
Select the option you require in Metadata Source.
3
For Dolby Digital, select the Metadata Program option your require (Dolby E uses
Programs 1 .. n per Program Configuration).
4
Select the necessary Metadata Reversion and Metadata Override options.
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Data
Status
The following read-only parameters are included:

CC Count

CC Translation

KLV Rate

KLV Drop

OP-47 Drop

OP-47 Lines

Subtitle Rate

Subtitle Drop

Ext Data Chars

Ext Data Drop

Splice Event Count
Ancillary
Rate
This parameter sets the maximum data bitrate to be encoded. When the data source
specifies a data input value other than 0, incoming data is added to the encoder's program
as a data stream. The encoder will discard excess data to avoid overrunning the configured
bandwidth.
The associated transport stream bitrate can be computed as follows:
ts_rate = data_rate * 188 / 175
Every transport stream packet (188 bytes) carries a 4-byte header. Packets with data also
carry a 9-byte PES header, leaving 175 bytes for the data payload. The encoder deducts this
stream's bandwidth from the overall transport stream rate when computing the video rate.
Filter
This parameter enables or disables VANC service filtering by DID/SDID values.
The Enable option makes it possible to select explicit individual VANC services. Table entries
with valid DID/SDID combinations are extracted from the encoder's input and copied to the
transport stream output. VANC data with non-matching DID and SDID values are filtered
out and discarded. (The Enable option affects only the SMPTE 2038 / RDD 11 operation, not
any other VANC service.)
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
When Disabled is chosen, all VANC data is extracted from the encoder's input (instead of
being filtered) and data that is eligible for passthrough is copied to the MPEG output
stream. The encoder handles some VANC data input directly, such as embedded audio.
These VANC data might affect the generated transport stream, but they are not copied to
the stream as part of the unfiltered processing.
Format
Either SMPTE-2038 or RDD-11 are available.
VANC Service x
The following VANC Service options are offered when the Ancillary Filter is enabled:

None

Active Format Description

Ancillary Timecode

Closed Captions (EIA-608)

Closed Captions (EIA-708)

Dolby Audio Metadata

Film Codes

KLV Encoded Metadata

Payload Identification

Program Description

SCTE-104 Splicing

VBI Data

Broadcast Flag

Broadcast Alert System

Local IDentification Inserted Automatically (also known as LIDIA)
Table 29. DID/SDID Value Ranges and Passthrough Behavior When Filter is Off
DID
SDID
Pass Through
with Filter OFF
0x00
any
No
any
0x00
Undefined value. Both the DID and SDID designate zero as undefined in
all contexts. A zero DID overrides the SDID and makes it irrelevant.
Similarly, a zero SDID should not occur with any DID.
0x01
0x02
0x03
n/a
No
These DID values are reserved (unused).
0x04
0x?0
0x?4
0x?8
0x?c
No
Reserved for 8-bit applications. The low-order 2 bits of the SDID must be
zero; the upper 4 bits of the SDID (represented as '?') are unrestricted.
The SDID value 0x00 is excluded.
0x05
0x06
0x07
n/a
No
These DID values are reserved (unused).
Notes
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Table 29. DID/SDID Value Ranges and Passthrough Behavior When Filter is Off (Continued)
0x08
0x?0
0x?4
0x?8
0x?c
No
Reserved for 8-bit applications. The low-order 2 bits of the SDID must be
zero; the upper 4 bits of the SDID (represented as '?') are unrestricted.
The SDID value 0x00 is excluded.
0x09
0x0a
0x0b
n/a
No
These DID values are reserved (unused).
0x0c
0x?0
0x?4
0x?8
0x?c
No
Reserved for 8-bit applications. The low-order 2 bits of the SDID must be
zero; the upper 4 bits of the SDID (represented as '?') are unrestricted.
The SDID value 0x00 is excluded.
0x0d
0x0e
0x0f
n/a
No
These DID values are reserved (unused).
0x10 to
0x3f
any
No
These DID/SDID values are reserved.
0x40 to
0x4f
0x01
Yes
to 0xff
These DID/SDID values are registered.
(0x41, 0x01): Payload identification.
(0x44, 0x04): KLV-Encoder metadata
(0x45, 0x01 through 0x09): Dolby audio metadata.
0x50 to
0x5f
0x01
Yes
to 0xff
These DID/SDID values are for user applications.
(0x51, 0x01): Film codes.
0x60 to
0x7f
0x01
Yes
to 0xff
These DID/SDID values are registered.
(0x60, 0x60): RP-188 ancillary time code.
(0x61, 0x01): EIA-708-B closed captions.
(0x61, 0x02): EIA-608 closed captions.
(0x62, 0x01): RP-207 program description.
(0x62, 0x03): RP-208 VBI data.
0x80 to
0x9f
n/a
No
These DID values are defined to ignore the SDID.
0xa0 to
0xdf
n/a
Yes
These DID values are defined to ignore the SDID.
0xe0 to
0xe7
n/a
No
These DID values are defined to ignore the SDID.
(0xe0 to 0xe3): 299M, HDTV, control.
(0xe4 to 0xe7): 299M, HDTV, audio.
0xe8 to
0xeb
n/a
Yes
These DID values are defined to ignore the SDID.
0xec to
0xef
n/a
No
These DID values are defined to ignore the SDID.
(0xec to 0xef): AES control packet.
0xf0 to
0xf3
n/a
Yes
These DID values are defined to ignore the SDID.
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Installation and Operation Manual
Table 29. DID/SDID Value Ranges and Passthrough Behavior When Filter is Off (Continued)
0xf4
n/a
No
These DID values are defined to ignore the SDID.
(0xf4): Error detection (EDH).
0xf5 to
0xf7
n/a
Yes
These DID values are defined to ignore the SDID.
(0xf5): Time code.
0xf8 to
0xff
n/a
No
These DID values are defined to ignore the SDID.
The following items have registered meanings, are used internally by the
encoder, and should not be assigned to services:
(0xf8 to 0xff): AES audio.
Ancillary Status
This section provides the read-only status of Rate in Mb/sec, and Drop.
Drop is the cumulative count of KLV or OP-47 VANC packets that are dropped due to errors
in the VANC packet, or a data rate that exceeds the configured rate.
Service x Rate indicates that the designated VANC Service is active and reports its
cumulative VANC data rate.
Service x Present indicates that the designated VANC Service is active and reports whether
the selected VANC service has been received over the last second.
VBI
Field 1 and 2 Line x Function
Fields 1 and 2 Line x Function selects the processing function for VBI lines 6 to 23 in Field
1, and VBI lines 5 to 22 in Field 2. The availability of this selection depends upon the feature
keys purchased for the module. The ranges of available lines depend upon the field and
video standards as follows:

525 Fields 1 and 2: Lines 10 to 22

625 Field 1: Lines 6 to 23; Field 2: Lines 5 to 22
The following options are available in Fields 1 and 2 Line x Function:

None specifies no VBI data for this line.

DVITC directs the encoder to extract Digital Vertical Interval Time Code from the
specified VBI lines. The time codes are then transmitted in the MPEG stream according
to SCTE 127 (an extension to ETSI EN 300 472). Typically, DVITC is carried on line 14,
but it can appear on other VBI lines.

Lossless Monochrome sample data coding can be used to transmit 4:2:2 data without
chrominance. See ETSI EN 301 775 V1.1.1, section 4.8. Up to a maximum of four lines
per field can be coded as lossless; a program in DVB mode has constraints on using this
function.
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
WST selects the World System Teletext transmission format can be configured to
conform to ETSI EN-300-472, to ETSI EN-301-775, or to both standards. These
standards make possible the following lines to be encoded: 7 to 22 and 320 to 335,
corresponding to VBI line indexes 7 to 22 in both field 1 and 2. The standards list lines
outside this range as undefined or reserved.
Consequently, the WST function should be specified only for lines 7 to 22 in either field.
The encoder ignores WST outside this range (treats the function as none).

Closed Caption specifies the selected line should carry closed captioning data. That is,
the encoder extracts the closed caption data from this line (typically line 21) of the input
video, decodes that according to EIA-608, and then transmits it through the MPEG
stream according to EIA-708.
Typically, this value would be used for NTSC and NTSC-J and would be specified only to
VBI line 21 (in both fields).
Nonetheless, the encoder does not treat this value as a special case. It will do its best to
process closed captions on whatever lines are configured.
Both the ENC1 and ENC2 operate similarly with closed captioning.
SD-SDI CC is taken from:

CC Source VBI: configured VBI line

CC Source udp/serial-1: default udp port/serial port 1
HD-SDI CC is taken from:


CC Source VANC: DID/SDID 0x61/0x01

Same sources as SD-SDI
WSS directs the encoder to extract Wide Screen Signaling (WSS) from the specified VBI
line, as defined by ETSI standard EN 300 294. The WSS data is transmitted in the MPEG
stream according to ETSC EN 301 775. For standard video signals, WSS appears on field
1, line 23. Use of this function value on other lines is discouraged.
If WSS is successfully extracted from field 1, line 23, and the program's SI-PSI mode is
other than MPEG, and the video aspect ratio is either auto-4x3 or auto-16x9, then bits
b0, b1, and b2 of data group 1 will be used to set the aspect ratio and Active Format
Description (AFD) of the video in the MPEG stream. This information can be used by a
decoder to insert video index information in the output signal.

AMOL-48, AMOL-96 specifies the selected line should carry an Automated
Measurement of Lineups (AMOL waveform), as specified by ANSI/CEA-2020, Other VBI
Waveforms, December 2007. The encoder extracts the AMOL data from this line
(typically line 20 or 22) of the input video, decodes the information according to ANSI/
CEA-2020, and then transmits it through the MPEG stream, according to SCTE 127 (an
extension to ETSI EN 300 472).
The two values specify 48 bits/line and 96 bits/line, using a waveform appropriate for
the indicated bit coding. The values can be combined on different lines and/or fields.

VPS (Video Program System) directs the encoder to extract Video Program System data
packets, as specified in ETSI ETS 300 231, section 8.2.2. Each line carries 13 bytes of
data following the run-in and start code (which are not transmitted).

Inverted Teletext makes it possible for teletext data to be transcoded with an inverted
framing code as specified in ETSI EN301 775. Inverted Teletext operates identically to
the WST setting but also recognizes and transmits teletext lines with an inverted
framing code (0xB8 instead of 0x47).

DVITC (Legacy) directs the encoder to extract digital vertical interval time code from
the specified VBI lines. The time codes are transmitted in the MPEG stream according to
a private extension to the ETSI EN 301 775 standard that is recognized by some legacy
decoders.
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Closed Caption
Although North America has dedicated standards for closed captioning of video (EIA-608
and 708), many countries in Europe and elsewhere have not yet adopted formal standards.
For these countries, closed captioning is part of the DVB Teletext System as described in
ITU-R BT-653-3. These specifications define all Teletext Systems (A, B, C, and D) used in the
world and are also known as the World System Teletext (WST). A Teletext system is made of
several pages of various data information and CC data is described in one these pages.
System B is used in Australia, the UK, and Germany, among other countries.
Australian closed captions are inserted on line 21/334 in analog PAL broadcast signals, as
per the ITU-R BT-653-3. When analog PAL is produced or converted to SDTV (625 digital), a
digitized version of the closed captioning appears on line 21/334 (in the same way line 21
on NTSC signals is digitized and appears on the line 21 of SD-SDI signals). The ITU-R
BT-653-3 document proposed by Free TV Australia indicates how to carry this CC data into
the VANC area of SD-and HD-SDI signals by use of the SMPTE 334M VANC embedding
protocol. For digital broadcasting, Australia intends to use the ETSI EN 300 472 standard
that specifies the conveyance of ITU-R System B Teletext in DVB bit streams.
Depending on the closed caption source, some encoders can alternatively receive closed
captions over Ethernet. Only one source is active per encoder. If the encoder is not
configured to use VBI lines as the closed caption source (the CC source is not VBI), it
discards the data for VBI lines configured with the Closed Caption function. Additionally,
setting the CC source to UDP overrides the line 21 function in both fields, using the same
processing as None, regardless of the actual configured value.
CC Services (Table)
The configured closed captioning information is presented in the form of a table of 16 CC
services. For each service, the following selections must be made:

Enabled or disabled function

Type 608 or 708

Service number (a value of 0 should be used when 608 service is selected)

Language

Easyreader (Off or On; applies to 708 service only)

Aspect ratio (options are 4:3 and 16:9; applies to 708 service only)
These settings generate a closed caption service descriptor to be associated with the video
PID in the PMT. The descriptor’s use depends on the option selected in the Service Info
Insert parameter.
Instead of using the CC Services table, you can also specify the descriptor using a hex string
in the CC Service Descriptor. If a non-null hexadecimal string is specified for this
parameter, it is used as-is, with no checking.
Source
This parameter selects a captioning source and disables processing of the others.

None disables all closed captioning.

The UDP option accepts CC data for both HD- and SD-SDI video. This option is most
commonly used with a serial-to-UDP conversion device (such as a Lantronix MSS-100)
to receive serial characters and to re-transmit them over Ethernet. When using this
arrangement, the controller monitors a specified UDP port for incoming characters and
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sends any characters it receives over the system backplane to the appropriate encoder.
Source data can be sent via the control Ethernet to the encoder by UDP Port 65200 +
Encoder_ Slot_ Number.

VANC extracts closed captioning from ancillary packets (typically in an HD-SDI signal).

VBI extracts closed captioning from an SD-SDI signal. This value directs the encoder to
extract 608 closed captions from VBI lines of the video (line 21 for NTSC). The VBI
function must be set accordingly.

Serial-1 receives CC data from the module’s GPI/Serial port for both HD- and SD-SDI.
Trans
The Trans parameter sets the translation behavior for the different sources types. The
encoder can receive either 608 or 708 closed captioning.

Always enables 608-to-708 translation. Any incoming 708 captions are discarded, and
translated 608 captions are used instead.

As-needed enables 608-to-708 translation. If the input carries 708 captions, they are
used to provide captions downstream. If, however, the input does not carry 708
captions, incoming 608 captions are translated and used to supply 708 captions.

None disables 608-to-708 translation; incoming 608 and/or 708 captions (if present)
are preserved.
Service Info Insert
This parameter sets the closed caption service descriptor insertion behavior. Three options
are available.
When the parameter is set to None, the manual insertion mode is turned off and the if no
incoming CC service info is present in the VANC input, the default CC service descriptor
(advertising a single 708 and single 608 service) is inserted into the stream when the
caption source is VANC.
When the insertion mode is As-Needed, the manual insertion mode is invoked if no
incoming CC service info is present in the VANC input, or if the closed captioning is
unavailable for more than 10 seconds. If the incoming CC service info is present, it is output
in the CC service descriptor instead of the configured CC service information.
When the insertion option is Always, the manual insertion mode overrides any incoming
CC service info in the VANC input.
CC Services Descriptor
This parameter provides a field to enter a hex string descriptor.
AFD
AFD Default
This parameter sets the default Active Format Description (AFD).
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Installation and Operation Manual
As described by the aspect ratio, a transport stream can carry information describing the
source and the display aspect ratios. When the encoder inserts an AFD without information
from the input signal, this value provides the active format to use. See ETSI TR 101 154
V1.4.1 (2000-07), Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB); Implementation guidelines for the use
of MPEG-2 Systems; Video and Audio in satellite, cable and terrestrial broadcasting
applications.
The following options (except for None) are from Annex B of that specification:

None explicitly indicates not to insert AFD, unless the input stream already carries
aspect ratio information.

AFD-0 to AFD-1 Reserved

AFD-2 box 16:9 (top)

AFD-3 box 14:9 (top)

AFD-4 box > 16:9 (center)

AFD-5 to AFD-7 Reserved

AFD-8 Active format is the same as the coded frame

AFD-9 4:3 (center)

AFD-10 16:9 (center)

AFD-11 14:9 (center)

AFD-12 Reserved

AFD-13 4:3 (with shoot & protect 14:9 center)

AFD-14 16:9 (with shoot & protect 14:9 center)

AFD-15 16:9 (with shoot & protect 4:3 center)

Drop explicitly indicates to drop AFD, even if the input stream carries aspect ratio
information. This, however, does not impact the VANC DID filter setting.

BBC-b6 sets bit 6 of the AFD octet 1: bit B6
The following table clarifies the basis of the AFD values:
Table 30. AFD Values
Aspect Ratio
Source Indication
AFD Behavior
4:3
N/A
AFD Default
16:9
N/A
AFD Default
Auto-4:3
VANC, VI, WSS
AFD Source
Not Present
AFD Default
VANC, VI, WSS
AFD Source
Not Present
AFD Default
Auto-16:9
Note: The order in which AFD data is searched in the source is: VANC, Video Index and
WSS.
KLV
KLV Source
The KLV Source options are VANC and ESD From Captions.
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If you set the KLV Rate to a non-zero value, and KLV Source to VANC, the Selenio
encoders extract KLV data that is present in the VANC data (as defined in SMPTE RP 214).
This data is then re-formatted according to SMPTE RP 217 for insertion into the MPEG
stream.
If the input data rate exceeds the configured rate (using a reasonable leaky bucket model),
full KLV structures are dropped; the number of KLV drops is measured in the Data Services >
Status > KLV Drop parameter. These dropped KLV structures could be due to parity or
checksum errors on the incoming VANC data for the VANC case. These events trigger the
KLV Data Discarded error.
When the input video is standard definition, the KLV source parameter can select ESD From
Captions. In this mode, the KLV Rate parameter is ignored and is automatically set to the
fixed rate required for transmitting the KLV metadata resulting from the ESD- to- KLV
conversion process.
A common use for KLV data is to convey meta-data from predator drones and similar
sources. These sensors provide metadata such as latitude and longitude as a stream of 608
caption data on line 21 of standard definition fields.
If displayed on a closed caption enabled TV set, the metadata is readable as an overlay on
the screen.
This feature (ESD from captions) extracts closed caption T1 608 service data, converts it to
KLV format according to MISB document EG 104.5, and then inserts it into the MPEG
stream.
KLV Rate
The KLV Rate in the Status section reflects the data rate that must be configured in order
to not drop any data, even if data is currently being dropped.
Subtitles
The Source parameter selects either None, or UDP. The Subtitle Rate sets the maximum
transport stream rate, from 0 to 2.000000 Mbits/sec. The Subtitle Rate is reserved in the
transport stream for subtitle data. If you set this rate too low, glitches will appear in the
subtitles; setting the rate too high degrades picture quality.
To use the Subtitles feature in the Selenio 1DEC1 decoder, you must install the 3.0 decoder
firmware. The Subtitles feature in the Selenio encoder and decoder enables the
transcoding of original content that contains subtitles. Since there is no standard for passing
subtitle data in the baseband video as either VBI or VANC, this feature makes it possible to
carry subtitle data from the decoder to the encoder over UDP/IP. The decoder extracts the
subtitle PES stream from the transport and then sends it over IP to the configured encoder
for reinsertion in the re-encoded video.
VBI over VANC
Format
The Format parameter selects the format to be used for the VANC over VBI.
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Installation and Operation Manual
SMPTE 2031
In addition to creating a VBI PES (ETSI EN 301 775 or SCTE-127), this VBI data stream is
identified in the PMT of the PSI for this service. The information to construct this entry is
taken from Data > VBI > Field x Line y (page 71), where you must select the field/line and
service present on the SMPTE 2031 VANC packets. If these two parts do not match, an
alarm is triggered: SMPTE 2031 VBI configuration and data mismatch.
If you select SMPTE 2031 in the Format parameter, the Rate field appears. In
SMPTE-2031 mode, the encoder can transfer twelve different VBI formats over VANC data
packets on HD-SDI or 3G-SDI inputs. This data is intended to be inserted into the output
multiplex in the ETSI EN 301 775/SCTE-127 format. All SMPTE-2031 ANC packets
associated with a video frame are extracted, and the encoder creates a valid EN 301 775/
SCTE-127 PES packet, with a PTS matching that of the video frame. This is segmented into
transport stream packets, delayed as necessary and multiplexed into the stream. If the
number of packets generated exceeds the configured bandwidth, data is not multiplexed in
the stream. Instead, an alarm is generated and a Dropped Frames parameter is
incremented.
If you select OP-47, the OP-47 and Teletext fields are enabled. VBI Teletext can be carried
on ETSI 300 472, ETSI EN 301 775, or both. OP-47 is carried on ETSI EN 300 472 only. If
the teletext mode is ETSI EN 300 472, then in addition, any teletext data is sent on a
separate PID in the ETSI EN 300 472 format.
When using OP-47 or Teletext, ensure that you set up the teletext descriptor provisioning
under the TS Mux > SI Parameters to reflect their teletext services. Some set-top boxes
and IRDs require the teletext descriptor to be present in order to interpret the teletext data
in the stream, and to reinsert the teletext into the VBI lines.
When the format is set to None (the default), both the Rate and the OP-47 Lines are
hidden. When OP-47 is selected, the Rate is hidden, and the OP-47 Lines can be set. If you
select SMPTE-2031, the OP-47 Lines parameter is hidden and the Rate can be set. The
rate (or computed rate from OP-47 lines) needs to be factored into the rate calculation to
deriving video rate. The OP-47 PID should be used for SMPTE-2031 output as the two
modes are mutually exclusive. Ancillary packets will be examined for a DID of 0x41 and
SDID of 0x08. Such packets contain SMPTE-2031 data and these packets will be decoded
and encapsulated into PES packets with the payload matching the format expected in ETSI
EN 301 775. Data exceeding the provisioned rate will be dropped and the Dropped
Frames parameter will be incremented to indicate the dropped data.
Teletext Mode
Teletext Mode sets the encoding for Teletext data (SD WST). Options are Dual (default),
ETSI EN 300 472, and ETSI EN 301 775 (for SMPTE 2031).
In SD-SDI video, teletext data is sent on the specified standard, or both of them. OP-47
encodes teletext data on ETSI EN 300 472, but the Teletext Mode parameter does not
have any effect on OP-47.
OP 47 Lines
Use this parameter to set the maximum number of OP-47 teletext lines per frame to
process. A value of 0 disables OP-47 teletext processing. When you select lines 1 to 34, the
encoder allocates sufficient bandwidth to carry the specified number of lines. The encoder
discards excess data as necessary to avoid overrunning the configured maximum teletext
lines per video frame.
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When computing the transport stream bandwidth associated with OP-47 subtitling, the
data are packaged similar to VBI function World System Teletext using EN-300-472. OP-47
processing always uses the EN-300-472 transmission format, regardless of the VBI teletext
mode. The presence of OP-47 lines can insert a VBI teletext descriptor into the transport
stream.
Teletext from VANC data can be carried in two separate ways in the transport stream. Both
methods extract VANC data from DID and SDID (0x43, 0x02) for subtitling distribution
packets or from (0x43, 0x03) for VANC multipackets:

If the OP-47 line count is configured to a non-zero value, any teletext lines are carried in
their own packetized elementary stream (this includes both subtitling distribution
packets and multipackets carrying teletext subtitling).

VANC service can be defined to filter on the DID and SDID, which would extract the
subtitling, combine it with other VANC services, and carry the aggregate VANC services
in the stream. This aggregate data stream's rate is controlled by the VANC rate.
Either or both methods can be used to extract OP-47 subtitling, resulting in zero, one, or
two copies of the subtitling in the transport stream.
The configured subtitling line count applies to one video frame. Data are extracted from the
input and copied to the output, up to the limit of the current frame. Any additional
subtitling lines are dropped (and counted explicitly as dropped OP-47 lines), triggering the
OP-47 Data exceeds lines/frame allocation alarm. Subtitling packets dropped as part of
VANC service processing are counted as general VANC dropped packets, not specifically as
dropped OP-47 lines.
Note: OP-47 is described in: “Free TV Australia Operational Practice OP-47, Storage and
Distribution of Teletext Subtitles and VBI Data for High Definition Television”, Issue 3, April
2007.
SMPTE 2031 Rate
The SMPTE 2031 Rate parameter sets the maximum TS rate dedicated to SMPTE-2031
data, between 0 and 2 Mbits/sec.
VBI over VANC Status
These read-only parameters show the peak SMPTE 2031 Rate and the SMPTE Drop
(number of dropped SMPTE 2031 packets).
Splice
The Splice parameters make it possible to force an I-Frame coincident with a splice point
marker. In this way, you can assemble programs or insert advertisements into a compressed
stream. Splice points can be marked in an MPEG-2 transport stream using a protocol
described in SCTE-35. In addition, there is a protocol for the communication between an
Automation System and MPEG encoder defined in SCTE-104. This protocol can be carried
over an IP connection or embedded with a digital video signal as described in SMPTE
2010-2008.
SCTE has developed a standard for indicating the position and unique identification of
splicing points in an MPEG-2 transport stream in SCTE-35. Insertion of these splice point
markers can be signaled to the Selenio encoders in three ways:
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
Through a simple GPI trigger

Through SCTE-104 signaling over Ethernet

Through SCTE-104 in VANC as defined by SMPTE 2010-2008
Force I-Frame options include Off, Out of Network, In to Network and Both. This
selection can cause the encoded bitstream to use an I-Frame for the frame indicated as a
splice point. If the selection (In to Network, Out of Network or Both) matches the splice
point type, an I-Frame is forced. This is supported in both MPEG-2 and H.264 standards on
the ENC-1.
Preroll
The Preroll parameter sets the delay between a splice point trigger and its insertion. This
value tells the encoder how long to wait between a splice point trigger and the insertion of
the associated In Point or Out Point. SCTE 35-2004 recommends at least a four-second
interval between the first cueing message and the arrival of the associated In or Out Point.
If you insert a value of 0, the encoder inserts a splice point immediately.
A value between 0.001 and 10.000 causes the encoder to insert a splice point following
this specified period of delay. This value specifies the time between the first cueing message
and the arrival of the associated In or Out Point. SCTE 35-2004 recommends a minimum
delay of four seconds, but the system allows a smaller interval.
GPI Mode
The GPI Mode sets the splice point behavior for GPI triggers. When a program's Trigger
value is set to any value between GPI-1 through GPI-4, this parameter specifies the
correspondence between In Point and Out Point with the GPI condition.

Close-In generates a mark-in when the GPI closes, and no action when the GPI opens.

Close-In-Out (default setting) generates a mark-in when the GPI closes and mark-out
when the GPI opens

Close-out generates a mark-out when the GPI closes, and no action when the GPI
opens.

Open-In generates a mark-in when the GPI opens, and no action when the GPI closes.

Open-In-Out generates a mark-in when the GPI opens and a mark-out when the GPI
closes.

Open-Out generates a mark-out when the GPI opens, and no action when the GPI
closes.
Splice Trigger
The Splice Trigger sets the stimulus for insertion of SCTE-35 splice points. The options are:

None

GPI -1 to GPI- 4

IP

VANC
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When the Splice Trigger parameter is set to one of GPI-1 through GPI-4, simple control of
splice points is provided, based on the selected GPI status. The GPI Mode parameter
described above determines which events generate splice points, while the Preroll
parameter described above determines their timing. The function of the selected GPI (see
the Control > GPI > GPI Input x > GPI x Function parameter) must be set to Splice to
complete this set-up. In this mode, when the selected trigger changes state, a splice point is
indicated in the stream on the frame input to the encoder nearest the point of the trigger
plus the Preroll parameter. A splice info section is sent immediately upon the trigger event
and repeated once every second up until 1/2 second before the pre-roll time (indicated by
the Preroll parameter) expires. If the Splice Preroll parameter is set to 0, a single spice info
section shall be sent with the splice_immediate flag set.
When you set the Splice Trigger parameter to IP, the encoder receives SCTE-104 messages
from an external Automation System sent via a TCP/IP connection to port 653xx of the
control Ethernet, where xx is the slot number containing the encoder. When the Splice
Trigger parameter instead, is set to VANC, the encoder receives SCTE-104 messages
inserted into VANC packets by an external Automation System. In both cases, the encoder
supports all basic requests and simple profile, normal usage operations sent by Automation
to the Injector.
Ext Data
These parameters set the Source and Rate. If the data source is UDP, the UDP port where
data is received is 65400 + Encoder_Slot_Number at the Selenio shelf's control Ethernet
port IP address.
Transport Stream Mux
SI Mode
This parameter sets the SI-PSI mode for the MPEG transport stream. The selection chosen
affects the rates at which critical MPEG tables are transmitted, and possibly the overall
transport stream rate. Options are: MPEG (default), DVB, ATSC, and ISDB.
Name and Tag
Use the Name parameter to set the MPEG name of the module; default is Enc. The Tag
provides the internal name associated with the service. Default is Enc.
Total TS Rate
The total transport stream rate includes video, audio and data services.
PIP (SEL-1ENC1)
This parameter enables or disables the PIP controls found under Video > PIP.
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MPEG Parameters (Main Program)
In most situations, the default settings of these parameters will be appropriate. The
following parameters are included:

Transport Stream ID

Network ID

Program Number

PMT PID

PCR PID (ENC1 only)

Video PID

Audio 1 to Audio 8 PID

VBI PID

Teletext PID

VANC PID

KLV PID

Data PID

Splice PID

ISDB CC PID

Subtitle 1 to 4 PID
MPEG Parameters (PIP Program; SEL-1ENC1)
In most situations, the default settings of these parameters will be appropriate. The
following parameters are included:

Transport Stream ID

Program Number

PMT PID

PCR PID

Video PID

Audio 1 to 8 PID

ISDB CC PID
SI Parameters
Service Provider Name
Enter your service provider name in this field. The default is Imagine Communications.
Parental Rating
In ISDB mode, this value specifies a parental rating for the program. A value of 0 means the
descriptor is not inserted. The range is 0 to 127, with a default of 0.
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Service Type
This field sets the Service Type (from 0 to 127) for the program.
Country
Insert your three-character country code, using the ISO 3166-1 descriptors. Default is USA.
Language
Use this field to set the default language code for names and captions. Default is Eng.
TTX Desc x Language, Type, Magazine Number, and Page Number
Use these fields for the 16 groups of teletext settings. This information is put into the
teletext descriptor to be included in the PMT.

TTX Desc x Language sets the default teletext language code for names and captions.
Default is Eng.

The TTX Desc x Type sets the descriptor type (from 0 to 31; default is 0).

TTX Desc x Magazine Number sets the teletext magazine number (from 1 to 8;
default is 1).

TTX Desc x Page Number sets the teletext page number (from 0 to 255; default is 0).
ASI Output
The Program parameter controls the ASI output of the encoder module. Options are Main,
None, and PIP. (The PIP option is not available on the SEL-1ENC2.)
ASI Status
The following read-only parameters are included:

Rate

Video TS Rate

Audio TS Rate

TS Packets

Video TS Packets

Audio TS Packets

Video FIFO Overflow

Audio FIFO Overflow
BISS
Encryption Mode
This parameter controls the BISS encryption mode for the program.
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BISS scrambling is a fixed key encryption system used for video contribution, usually over
satellite links. It uses the same DVB common scrambling algorithm found in consumer
delivery systems, but does not specify a method of distributing keys. (For details, see EBU
Technical Specification Tech 3292 (rev. 2, August 2002), BISS-E, Basic Interoperable
Scrambling System with Encrypted Keys).
The Encryption Mode options are None, BISS, and BISS-E. When the None option is
selected, no scrambling is performed and no CA descriptor is sent.
If you select BISS, all PIDs except those carrying SI/PSI data are encrypted using the values
set in the Clear Session Word field. In this mode, a CA descriptor is sent in the PMT and an
empty CAT table is sent.
When BISS-E is selected, the encryption includes an injected ID value programmed by the
Administrator. The user at the decoder side must enter an Encrypted Session Word and
an Injected Identifier that will only work with that pre-programmed session ID. This
prevents users with the same decoder model from sharing session words without the
permission of the Administrator. Additionally, encrypted session words can be computed on
the encoder for testing purposes or in cases where there are only a small number of
decoders.
Clear Session Word
This parameter provides a field to enter a BISS Session Word as a 12-digit hexadecimal
string.
Injected Identifier
This control sets a BISS Injected ID for the Program, using a 14 digit hexadecimal string.
Encrypted Session Word
This read-only parameter shows the 16-digit hexadecimal BISS Encrypted Session Word for
the Program.
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IP Encapsulation
These parameters set the destination and format for the encoder generated transport
stream(s) when transmitted over IP data network as described on page 14 through page 21.
Transmission of a transport stream over the IP data network is enabled when the associated
Primary IP Address and Primary Port parameters are set to non-zero values. As noted on
page 20, setting a destination address in the range 224.0.0.0 through 239.255.255.255
enables multicast transmission of the transport stream. An additional requirement to enable
transmission is to provide an IP address for the encoder on the data network in the control
section (see page 88)
Main Program IP
The following parameters are included:

Primary and Secondary IP Address (sets the IP address for this external destination)

Primary and Secondary Port (sets the UDP port)

IP Encapsulation (TS on UDP, TS on RTP, RTP-RTCP*)

Transmit Interface (sets either the Active Controller or Both controllers)

TS Packets per IP (1 to 7)

Type of Service (0 to 255; inserts the TOS bit)
The following appear when IP Encapsulation is set to TS on RTP:

FEC (sets the forward error correction to None, Low, Medium, or Custom)

Row FEC (when disabled, only Column FEC is used)

FEC Order (4 to 20)

FEC Period (1 to 20)
*The RTP-RTCP option is only available when the SI Mode is set to ATSC and is meant for
MH (mobile handheld) coding on the ENC1 module.
Main Program IP Status
The following read-only parameters are included:

TS Packets

Primary and Secondary IP Failure

Primary and Secondary IP Packets

Primary and Secondary IP TX Rate

Output Thread Restarts
ATSC MH IP (SEL-1ENC1)
The ATSC MH IP parameters form part of the configuration steps required to enable ATSC
mobile handheld transmission. For the complete configuration procedure, see page 91.
The IPSec Encryption parameter provides the option of using Fixed Key or Simulcrypt
encryption. Insert a value in the Primary/Secondary ECM Server IP Addresses and the
Primary/Secondary ECM Server Ports to communicate with the Simulcrypt conditional
access ECM generators.
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The value you insert in the CA System ID field is assigned to the conditional access ECM
generator. The value set in the Crypto Period specifies the crypto period for MH service in
seconds. SDP File is a read-only URL path for the location of the SDP file.
PIP Program IP (SEL-1ENC1)
Use the Primary and Secondary IP Address fields to set the IP addresses for the external
destination. The Primary and Secondary Ports fields set the UDP port for this destination.
The IP Encapsulation can be set to either TS on UDP (default), TS on RTP, or RTP-RTCP.
(The RTP-RTCP option is only available when the SI Mode is set to ATSC and is meant for
MH (mobile handheld) coding.)
The FEC parameter sets the forward error correction settings to None, Low, Medium,
High, and Custom. (FEC settings only take effect when you set IP Encapsulation to TS on
RTP.) Row FEC enables or disables the additional row FEC capability.
PIP Program IP Status (ENC1 Only)
The following read-only parameters are included:

TS Packets

Primary and Secondary IP Failure

Primary and Secondary IP Packets

Primary and Secondary IP TX Rate
Miscellaneous
General
Name
The unique Name for the module can be entered here.
Clear Status
When pressed, the Clear Status button clears all of the status parameters in the encoder
module. The process takes approximately five seconds. The Clear Status button at Video
Input > Status performs the same function.
5.1 Ch Dolby Digital Plus Professional Encoder
This read-only parameter shows the version of the Dolby library used to implement the
Dolby Digital Plus encoding modes.
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Service Fault Alarm Priority
If a service fault alarm is triggered, the controller switches the service from the affected
module to a connection from another module providing a backup connection. An encoder
alarm with priority greater than or equal to the Service Fault Alarm Priority numerical
value will result in a connection failover alarm on the Frame Controller and a corresponding
service failover.
This parameter can be set to numerical values 1 through 10 or to the special value None
(which will disable service fault detection on this encoder). Setting this parameter to 1 will
result in service fault handling for any alarm raised by the encoder. Setting it to 6 will result
in service fault handling for any major alarm raised by the encoder
Module Fault Alarm Priority
Module Faults cause the frame to take recovery actions according to the Module Fail
Action on the controller Redundancy page. The Module Fault Alarm Priority sets the
priority of encoder module alarms on a scale of 1 to 10 (default is None).
Using this parameter, any enabled alarm (with a priority above or equal to the setting)
triggers a text string indicating the alarm source. The module also signals the controller that
the module has failed and a backup module is activated, if available.
See page 122 for a list of the encoder alarms.
Parameter Control Script
This feature adds the ability for the user to define custom scripts where combinations of
configuration and status parameters can be used to control other sets of parameters. The
custom scripts are four-string parameters (Script (Part I to IV)), an Activate Script
parameter, and a Script Status parameter.
The Selenio encoder make it possible for you to write user scripts for custom signal flow
management, so that you can dynamically change selected parameters when a signal flow
changes. This addresses the need for managing input video and audio signals that
constantly change. In a typical scenario, a preset is recalled by an operator, or the operator
determines what is at the input and then sets up the device to process the video and audio
essence, data and metadata. This is known as “user-scripted signal flow management” or a
“rules engine.”
To enable a parameter control script, set the Activate Script parameter to Enable. Enter
your script into the Script (Part I) parameter (maximum 251 characters). If additional script
space is needed, use the Script (Part II to IV) parameters.
Script Status [RO] reports the parsing and active status of the script. If a syntax error is
detected when a new script is entered, this parameter will report an Error: x message (x is
an index number starting from the beginning of the script to indicate around which
character the script parser first encounters a syntax error).
Writing the Parameter Control Script
Parameter control scripts are made up of one or multiple statements. Each statement
consists of one condition and one or multiple assignments. During device operation, if the
condition in a statement becomes true, the assignment in the statement will take effect.
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Note: The CCSP ID numbers used here are examples only. To write a custom script, you will
need to find the correct ID numbers from the encoder’s parameter list.
<script> ::= <statement> { <statement> }
<statement> ::= IF <condition> THEN <assignment> { <assignment> }
<condition> ::= <comparison> { <logic op> <comparison> }
<comparison> ::= PARAM[x] <comparison op> y
Where x is the CCSP ID of a device parameter, y is a value for that parameter. The
device parameter could be one of three types: integer, enum, string. Depending on the
parameter type, y could take different format:

Integer: y is integer value of the parameter

Enum: y is the enum value index inside the enum

String: y is in a 'zzzz' string format, where z is a character. Special character '*' can
be used as wild card. 'AA*' and 'AABB' will be considered as equal
<comparison op> ::= == | > | < | >= | <= | !=
For string type of parameter, only == and != operators are supported.
<assignment> ::= PARAM[x] = y
Where x is the CCSP ID of a device parameter, y is a value for that parameter. For now,
we only support integer and enum type of parameter's assignment, not string type.
<logic op> ::= && | ||
Comparisons can be ANDed together using &&, and then can be ORed together using
||. The AND operation always has precedence over the OR operation when AND and
OR both exist in a condition.
The following script condition
PARAM[400]==5 || PARAM[400]==3 || PARAM[400] >= 8 && PARAM[400] <= 12
should be interpreted as
PARAM[400]==5 || PARAM[400]==3 || (PARAM[400] >= 8 && PARAM[400] <= 12)
Script example:
IF PARAM[754]==2 THEN PARAM[755]=2
IF PARAM[754]==3 THEN PARAM[755]=3
IF PARAM[754]==7 THEN PARAM[755]=10
IF PARAM[754]<2 || PARAM[754] > 3 && PARAM[754]<7 THEN PARAM[755]=19
IF PARAM[733]=='AAAA AAAA AAAA AAAA' THEN PARAM[26]=4
Note: The IDs of the parameters are available in a file that can be downloaded from the
module. The URLs for the file are as follows:
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ENC1: http://<IP address>/slot<slot#>/flx-enc-distribution.html
ENC2: http://<IP address>/slot<slot#>/flx-enc-contribution.html
Control
IP LANs
Time to Live
The Time to Live for IP packets have a range 0 to 255, with a default of 16.
Primary and Secondary Data IP LAN
These parameters configure encoder access to the data Ethernet port of the Primary and
Secondary controller respectively. The IP Address, IP Mask, IP Gateway, and VLAN ID
values must be obtained from your network administrator. An IP Address of 0.0.0.0 will
disable access to the corresponding data Ethernet port by this encoder. If both are active,
the two ports must be connected to separate subnets.
MAC Address and Tx Packets are read-only parameters.
GPIx
GPI x Function
Valid options are None, Splice, and Custom Script. The Custom Script option marks the
GPI as being used in a user specified custom script.
GPI x State
This status value indicates if the corresponding General Purpose Input is connected to an
Open and Closed external circuit.
Custom GPI
The Custom GPI feature on the Selenio Encoder makes it possible to use more flexible
scripts to configure GPIs so that combinations of GPI input levels can change a parameter to
a specific value. To enable a custom GPI script, set the Event parameter to Custom GPI for
the selected GPI input. Then enter your script into the Custom Input Script field. The
parameter allows a maximum of 251 characters to be entered. If additional script space is
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Installation and Operation Manual
needed, use the Custom Input Script(continued) parameter. Custom Input Status
reports the parsing and active status of the script. If a syntax error is detected when a new
script is entered, this parameter will report Error: x message. The variable x is an index
number starting from the beginning of the script to indicate around which character the
script parser first encounters a syntax error.
Note: When the Custom GPI input script involves multiple GPI inputs, all of these values
must be changed at the same time to ensure the script behaves as intended.
Writing Custom GPI Scripts
GPI scripts are made up of one or multiple statements. Each statement consists of one
condition and one or multiple assignments. During device operation, if the condition in a
statement becomes true, the assignment in the statement will take effect.
Note: The CCSP ID numbers used here are examples only. To write a custom script, you will
need to find the correct ID numbers from the encoder’s parameter list.
<script> ::= <statement> { <statement> }
<statement> ::= IF <condition> THEN <assignment> { <assignment> }
<condition> ::= <comparison> { <logic op> <comparison> }
<comparison> ::= GPIx <comparison op> y
Where x is in the range of [1, number of GPI inputs], y could be 0 (for open) or 1 (for
closed)
<assignment> ::= PARAM[x] = y
Where x is the CCSP ID of a device parameter, y is a value for that parameter. At this
time, only integer and enum type of parameter assignments are supported. String type
parameter assignment is not supported.
<comparison op> ::= == | > | < | >= | <= | !=
<logic op> ::= && | ||
Comparisons can be ANDed together using &&, and then can be ORed together using
||. The AND operation always has precedence over the OR operation when AND and
OR both exist in a condition.
The following GPI output script condition
PARAM[400]==5 || PARAM[400]==3 || PARAM[400] >= 8 && PARAM[400] <= 12
should be interpreted as
PARAM[400]==5 || PARAM[400]==3 || (PARAM[400] >= 8 && PARAM[400] <= 12)
GPI Input Script Examples
IF GPI1==0 && GPI2==0 THEN PARAM[755]=2
IF GPI1==0 && GPI2==1 THEN PARAM[755]=3
IF GPI1==1 && GPI2==0 THEN PARAM[755]=10
IF GPI1==1 && GPI2==1 THEN PARAM[755]=19
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In the above example, if the level of GPI input 0 and GPI input 1 match an entry in the
following table, the parameter with 755 as its ID will be assigned to the corresponding
value:
Table 31. Assigned Parameter Values
GPI Input 1
GPI Input 2
Value of
Parameter with ID
of 755
Low
Low
2
Low
High
3
High
Low
10
High
High
19
Note: The IDs of the parameters can be found in a file that can be downloaded from the
module. The URLs for the file are as follows:
ENC1: http://<IP address>/slot<slot#>/flx-enc-distribution.html
ENC2: http://<IP address>/slot<slot#>/flx-enc-contribution.html
Serial
Serial 1 and 2, include options for Baud Rate (9,600, 19,200, 38,400, 57600, and
115,200) and Serial Type Select (RS-232 and 422). The serial ports are always configured
with no parity bit, 8-bit data, and 1-stop bit.
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Procedures (ENC1 Only)
For detailed ATSC configuration information, see the document ATSC Solutions with
Selenio, available on the Imagine Communications website and on the Infrastructure and
Networking Documentation and Product Resources DVD.
If you are using simultaneous Main and PIP encoding for ATSC or ISDB, see the additional
instructions on page 112.
ATSC Mobile Handheld
The following setup instructions for ATSC MH assume that you already have a working
ATSC stream.
Figure 26 illustrates typical components of a setup required to test an ATSC mobile
handheld configuration. You will need to make modifications to the devices of other
manufacturers in addition to parameter settings on the Selenio SEL-1ENC1.
Figure 26. ATSC-MH Overview of Typical Components
Nagra Settings (CA Server)
The Nagravision server acts as an ECM server that updates the Selenio encoder with the
current SPI and ECM key for encryption.The Nagravision server must be on the same subnet
as the data port of the Selenio encoder. Consult your Nagra instruction manual for
information on how to set up the CA server, and configure the device to work with Selenio.
Roundbox Settings
The round box server provides program information over IP into the MNA. The data port of
the Roundbox must be able to send packets over to the MNA port over IP. Consult your
Roundbox instruction manual for information on how to set programs and parameters for
this application.
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Encoder Video Settings
The SEL-1ENC1 encoder must be configured to output RTP-RTCP packets. Follow these
steps:
1
Under Video > Input, set the Source Format to 525i, 720p59, or 1080i59.
2
Set the Resolution to 416x240 (Figure 27).
Figure 27. Resolution Setting
3
Under Video > Compression > Coding Profile, select h264-baseline (see Figure 28).
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Figure 28. Coding Profile Setting
Encoder Audio Settings
1
Select a format between AAC-HE-24k and AAC-HE-48k, and select an audio Source (see
Figure 29)
2
Under Audio > Audio 1 > Mode, select Parametric Stereo (only AAC-HE v2 is currently
supported).
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Figure 29. Audio Settings
3
In Audio 1 > AAC, set PS Signaling to Explicit, SBR Signaling to Explicit-Hier, and
Transport to LOAS (Figure 30).
Figure 30. AAC Settings
4
Set the Enable Output to Main or Pip as appropriate.
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Encoder Transport Stream Mux Settings
1
In TS Mux, set the SI Mode to ATSC, and the Total TS Rate to a value less than 0.6 Mb/s
(Figure 31).
Figure 31. SI Mode Setting
2
Use the ASI Status parameters to ensure the rates for each component are expected values
(Figure 32).
Figure 32. ASI Status Parameters
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Encoder IP Encapsulation Settings
1
In IP Encapsulation > Main Program ID > IP Encapsulation, select RTP-RTCP; then
confirm the Primary IP Address and Primary Port.
Currently, the MH is available from one data port at a time. To test the failover feature,
fill in the Secondary IP Destination field.
Figure 33. IP Destination Settings
2
As shown in Figure 34, set up a Primary and Secondary Data IP LAN, by filling in the IP
Address and IP Mask.
3
Click the Apply button.
Figure 34. Data LAN Settings
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4
Check the Main Program IP Status to ensure you have correct values for Primary and
Secondary IP Tx Rate, and Primary and Secondary IP Packets (Figure 35).
Figure 35. IP Status
5
Confirm the SDP File path is correct (Figure 36).
Figure 36. SDP File Settings
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6
Copy the path after the Selenio Frame's IP address. (See Figure 37.)
(For example, if the Selenio IP resides on 123.123.123.123 and the SDP file path is
/slot4/Selenio.sdp, you should enter 123.123.123.123/slot4/Selenio.sdp in the
browser's address bar to start the download.)
Figure 37. Saving the SDP File
7
Assuming the MH program is sending to a multicast group, connect a computer to the
same port, open the .sdp file with the VLC player, and then verify the encoded stream.
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ATSC MH IP Settings
Encryption Off
Ensure there are no errors in the encoder alarms by following these steps:1
1
In IP Encapsulation > ATSC MH IP, select Off in the IPSec Encryption field.
Figure 38. IPSec Encryption Settings
2
In the encoder Faults page, enable all faults, and then confirm there are no errors in the
fault list (Figure 39).
Figure 39. Faults Display
3
Verify that the MH application displays proper video and sound; look for video degradation
and check for audio breakups.
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Fixed Key
1
In IP Encapsulation > ATSC MH IP > IPSec Encryption, select Fixed Key.
2
In the Fixed Key field, insert a 32-character hexadecimal key (such as
1a2a3a4a5a6a7a8a1a2a3a4a5a6a7a8a).
3
As shown in Figure 40, insert an 8-character hexadecimal key into the Fixed SPI field (such
as 12345678).
Figure 40. Fixed Key Encryption Settings
4
Check for errors in the encoder alarms in the Faults screen (make sure all the faults are
enabled, as in Figure 39).
5
Verify that the MH application no longer displays video and audio.
6
Check the output of the data port using Wireshark®, or telnet into the encoder as root and
then type tcpdump -i eth2 for ESP packets (the SPI key should match the fixed SPI input on
the GUI).
7
Input the fixed key into the Roundbox application and verify the video and audio can be
decrypted.
Simulcrypt
This step requires Roundbox, Nagra Server, and the new Roundbox MH application.
1
In IP Encapsulation > ATSC MH IP > IPSec Encryption, select Simulcrypt (Figure 41).
2
On the same page in the UI, input the Nagravision server IP into the Primary ECM Server
IP Address field.
3
Set a port number in Primary ECM Server Port, select the Vendor, and set an ECM
Stream ID.
4
Set any non-zero number for CA System ID and Sub Cas ID.
One or both of these numbers may be provided by the Nagra server.
5
Enter a valid Crypto Period.
6
Making sure all faults are enabled, check for errors in the encoder Faults screen.
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Figure 41. Simulcrypt Settings
7
Verify the MH application no longer displays video and audio.
8
Check the output of the data port using Wireshark, or telnet into the encoder as root and
then type tcpdump -i eth2 for ESP packets (the SPI key should be updating periodically).
9
Input the LTKM from the Nagravision server into the Roundbox application and verify the
video and audio can be decrypted.
Synchrony MNA Overview and Settings
The following settings must be configured on the MNA:

GPS feed

ATSC transport stream (ASI or SMPTE310)

Multicast IP traffic containing the MH program and Roundbox ESG
The MNA takes in all of this information, then combines the MH packets and the ATSC
transport stream to form a new stream. This new stream is sent to the ATSC modulator to
be broadcast over the air.
Consult your MNA instruction manual for parameter setting information.
M2X Settings
After the M2X is enabled for an ATSC-MH transport stream, it modulates the signal into RF
for transmission. The M2X requires a reference input to lock to (GPS, 1PPs, 10MHz) and a
valid transport stream (ASI or SMPTE 310). As an example, use a NetVX frame to generate a
17Mbps program; verify the MH program exists by looking at the status screen.
Consult your ATSC exciter manual for parameter setting information. Then connect all the
equipment up as shown in Figure 26 to verify the video and audio plays properly on the
MH receiver.
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Selenio ISDB-Tb Settings (Fixed)
Follow these steps when configuring for fixed ISDB-Tb using the Selenio 1ENC1:
1
Ensure the encoder has a valid video source (1080i, 720p, or 525i) at Video > Input >
Source Format.
2
Select the full Resolution for the format, and select the correct ARC Control option.
Figure 42. Encoder Video Input
3
In Video > Compression > Coding Profile, select H264-High, and set the Film Detect
parameter to Disable.
Figure 43. Encoder Video Compression
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Installation and Operation Manual
4
Set the Audio Format to AAC-LC at the correct bitrate, select the correct Mode, select the
Source 1 feed (choose Source 1, Source 2, and Source 3 if the Mode is Multichannel),
and then select any other options needed.
Figure 44. Encoder Audio Input Status
5
Set the Enable Output parameter to Main.
Figure 45. Enable Output Parameter Setting
6
In TS Mux > SI Mode, select ISDB; then set the total TS Rate to a value below the
maximum rate for the Hierarchy (A, B, or C) being used (the maximum rate will vary
depending on the number of segments used for the Hierarchy).
Figure 46. Encoder Transport Stream Mux
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Selenio ISDB-Tb Settings (Mobile)
When configuring for ISDB-Tb mobile, you will need to make settings in both the Selenio
1ENC1 module and the MDX1 module. Follow these steps:
Encoder Settings
1
In Video > Input, ensure the encoder has a valid video source (525i, 720p, or 1080i).
2
Set the ARC Control, and then select the correct Resolution for ISDB-Tb (320x180 for
16:9 ARC Control or 320 x 240 for 4:3 ARC Control).
Figure 47. Encoder Video Input
3
In Video > Compression > Coding Profile, select h264-baseline, and in the Film Detect
parameter, select Disable.
Figure 48. Encoder Video Compression
4
In Audio > Audio 1 to 8, select the correct Source option, and set the Mode to
Parametric-Stereo.
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5
Set the Audio Format to AAC-HE at a low rate (24k~40k), and set the Enable Output
parameter to Main.
Figure 49. Encoder Audio Source
6
In TS Mux, set the SI Mode to ISDB, and the Total TS Rate below the maximum rate for
the number of segments set on the Selenio mux module (for one segment the maximum
rate is 0.44Mbps).
Figure 50. Encoder Transport Stream Mux
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Mux/Demux Initial Settings
1
Highlight a slot in the Selenio frame containing the Selenio MDX1 mux/demux module that
you intend to use for ISDB transport.
2
Select Function Map, and then click Show Table.
3
Set Function1 Type to Mux mode.
Figure 51. Multiplexer Function Map
4
In Multiplexer Functions, click Show Table, and then highlight the correct mux function
before proceeding (if many mux functions are configured, all of them will appear in the
Mux table view).
5
Enable the Mux Output and set the mux output transport stream format (SI Mode) to
either ISDB-Tb or ISDB-Tb-SFN.
6
In Passthrough Mode, select Disable, and leave the output transport stream rate set at 0.
(When selecting the ISDB mode, the mux automatically sets the output rate to
29.95xxxM at 188 byte packets.)
7
Enable the Data Carousel and set its rate accordingly.
(Typically these rates are near the 1M rate or below, but can be set higher as needed.)
Mux/Demux Virtual Channel Settings
1
Set up the Mux input channels (Virtual Channels) by clicking the New Channel button as
many times as needed, based on how many programs you intend to multiplex.
Note: For simplicity, the following instructions assume two programs are being multiplexed
together: one fixed HD and one mobile SD.
2
Click on the Input Channels tab.
This displays the input channels created in the previous steps.
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Figure 52. Multiplexer Functions (1)
3
Configure both input channels to program mode (select Function > Program), and set
Source Type to CXN.
(CXN source mode assumes that there will be internal cross connects created between
two encoders and two input channels.)
4
Set each of the input channel page program numbers (based on the program numbers
desired) in the output transport stream.
5
Click the Back button to return to the main multiplexer configuration mode.
6
If you set the SI Mode to ISDB-Tb-SFN, click the ISDB-SFN-Transmitter button and then
enable and configure the SFN configuration parameters accordingly (up to eight SFN
transmitters may be allocated).
7
Click the Back button to return the main multiplexer configuration mode again, and then
select General in the drop-down list.
8
Select DVB.
Figure 53. Multiplexer DVB Settings
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9
Set the Network ID value as needed, and then select ISDBT from the drop-down list.
10
Configure all ISDB-T parameters accordingly (if only two input channels are being
multiplexed together, any Segment or Hierarchy C parameters should be set to a value of
0, and the total of all Segment values must not exceed 13).
11
Select Conditional Access, and then enter the necessary IP Address and IP Mask values.
Figure 54. Multiplexer Conditional Access
Configuring ISDB-TB Pro Software
The following steps involve configurations using ISDB-TB Pro software to create SI table
generation for program scheduling. You can purchase this software from your sales
representative (part number: HALRSW-EPG-ISDB-TB).
Note: ISDB-TB Pro software requires a Selenio MDX1 multiplexer with an “ERS” back
module, containing an Internet port.
1
Launch the ISDB-TB Pro software, and then click the Advanced tab.
You will be setting up two services: fixed and mobile. The default password to enter is
the number 1.
Figure 55. ISDB-TB Pro Software Advanced Tab
2
Click the Create button and set up the service parameters as required (see Figure 56 to
Figure 58 as examples of basic fixed and mobile configurations).
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Figure 56. Mobile and Fixed Services
Figure 57. Mobile Service
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Figure 58. Fixed Service
3
Close the Service Creation window.
As shown below, the newly created services should not be visible.
Figure 59. Service Creation Window Closed
4
Click the Programming tab to create an electronic program guide as required.
5
Once the Electronic Program Guide (EPG), fixed service, and mobile service are configured,
click the green Folder button to open the EPG Export menu.
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Figure 60. EPG Export
6
In the NetVx IP Address field, enter the value found in the Selenio MDX CA IP Address,
and then set the Mux Card Slot always to 1.
7
Set the Service Configuration options as needed.
When using a single input or VC on the Selenio MDX1, set the Destination Interface
to mxifc1.
If two input programs are being set up as in the example above, you must set up the
interfaces using mxifc1 and mxifc5 in the Destination Interface field. If a third input
program is being used, set the Destination Interface field to mxifc6.
8
Confirm that an Ethernet connection is established between the ISDB-TB Pro software's PC
and the CA Ethernet RJ-45 port on the MDX1 back module.
9
Click the Save Config & Export Carousel button.
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Simultaneous Main and PIP Encoding Additional Procedure
Follow these additional steps when you need simultaneous Main and PIP encoding. You
must purchase the SEL-SK-EN-ATSC-MBL or SEL-SK-EN-ISDB-MBL software model key to
enable simultaneous Main and PIP encoding.
ATSC
1
In Transport Stream Mux > General > SI Mode, select ATSC.
Figure 61. ATSC SI Mode
2
Configure the Main program as described in Selenio ISDB-Tb Settings (Fixed) on
page 102, and then return to the mobile settings as described below.
Figure 62. ATSC Main Program Resolution
3
Configure the PIP program as a mobile program (where Audio x is any vacant video
channel).
i.
Set the Total TS Rate to be equal or less than 0.6 in Video Compression > PIP.
ii. Set the PIP Resolution to 416x240.
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Figure 63. Total TS Rate and PIP Resolution
iii. Set Audio Compression x > General > Enable Output to PIP.
iv. Set the Mode to Parametric Stereo.
v.
Set the Audio Format to a value between AAC-HE-24k and AAC-HE-48k.
Figure 64. PIP Output, Mode, and Audio Format
vi. Set the PS Signaling in Audio Compression x > AAC to Auto or Explicit.
vii. Set the SBR Signaling to Auto or Explicit-hier.
viii. Set the Transport to Auto or LOAS.
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Figure 65. PS Signaling, SBR Signaling, and Transport
ix. In Transport Stream Mux, set PIP to On.
Figure 66. PIP in Transport Stream Mux
x. In IP Encapsulation > Pip Program IP, set the IP Encapsulation to RTP-RTCP.
xi. Set all IP addresses and ports in PIP Program IP.
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Figure 67. PIP Program IP Settings and IP Encapsulation
ISDB
1
In Transport Stream Mux > General > SI Mode, select ISDB.
Figure 68. ISDB SI Mode
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2
Configure the Main program as described in Selenio ISDB-Tb Settings (Fixed) on
page 102, and then return to the mobile settings as described below.
Figure 69. ISDB Main Program Resolution
3
Configure the PIP program as a mobile program.
i.
Under the PIP menu, select resolution as 320x240 (for 4:3 ARC control) or
320x180 for 16:9 ARC Control.
ii. Set the PIP rate as the rate for mobile program: 0.44 Mbps for example. The profile
for mobile program will automatically be set to h264-baseline.
Figure 70. PIP Resolution and TS Rate
iii. Set up the audio for mobile program by associating one audio channel with PIP by
setting its Enable Output to PIP.
iv. Set audio format to AAC_HE mode to Parametric-Stereo for this audio channel.
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Figure 71. Enabling PIP and Parametric Stereo
i.
In Transport Stream Mux, set PIP to On.
Figure 72. PIP in Transport Stream Mux
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Laser Safety for Fiber Optic Back Modules
WARNING!
Use of controls, adjustments, and procedures other than those specified in this
document may result in hazardous laser radiation exposure.
Optical fiber telecommunication systems use semiconductor laser transmitters that emit
infrared light that is normally not visible to the human eye. Although a conventional laser
produces a small beam of light, the power density is very high, and it can damage your
eyes.
If a beam of laser light enters the eye, the eye magnifies and focuses the energy on the
retina. The energy that reaches the retina can be as much as 100,000 times more than at
the cornea and, as a result, it can burn the retina.
Laser transmission products are classified in four major groups (Class 1, 2, 3, and 4),
according to their emissions and potential for causing injury. Fiber optic transmitter modules
in this series are designated Class 1.
Precautions for Enclosed Systems
In its normal operating mode, an optical fiber communication system is totally enclosed and
presents no risk of eye injury. However, if the fiber optic cables that interconnect various
components of an optical fiber disconnect or break, you may be exposed to laser emissions.
Also, technicians may be exposed to laser emissions during installation and servicing.
Unlike some other laser designs, semiconductor lasers have a highly divergent beam that
decreases rapidly with distance. The greater the distance, the less energy will enter the eye,
and the less potential risk for eye injury.
WARNING!
Eye damage may occur if an optical instrument such as a microscope, magnifying
glass, or eye loupe is used to stare at the energized fiber end.
Under normal operating conditions, optical fiber telecommunication systems are completely
enclosed; nonetheless, observe the following precautions:
1
Do not stare into optical connectors or broken fibers.
2
Ensure technicians have satisfactorily completed an approved training course before
performing installation or maintenance.
3
Ensure there are appropriate warning labels near the optical ports of the modules.
Precautions for Unenclosed Systems
During service, maintenance, or restoration, an optical fiber telecommunication system is
considered unenclosed. Under these conditions, follow the practices described below.
CAUTION!
Only authorized, trained personnel shall be permitted to do service, maintenance,
and restoration.
1
Avoid exposing the eye to emissions from unterminated, energized optical connectors at
close distances.
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2
Ensure that only authorized, trained personnel use optical test equipment during
installation or servicing.
3
Turn off all laser sources before scanning a fiber with an optical test set.
4
Keep all unauthorized personnel away from the immediate area of the optical fiber systems
during installation and service.
For guidance on the safe use of optical fiber communication systems in the workplace,
consult ANSI Z136.2, American National Standard for Safe Use of Lasers in the U.S. or
outside the U.S., IEC-60825, Part 2.
Label
The label shown in Figure 73 is applicable to Class 1 laser products.
CLASS 1
LASER PRODUCT
Figure 73. Label for Class 1 Laser Products
Inspecting and Cleaning Fiber Optic Connections
When connecting fibers to a back module, ensure that you do not touch the end of the
fiber, or allow it to become dirty. Small amounts of microscopic dust or other contaminants
can seriously impair or disable a fiber optic network. If you touch the end of a fiber prior to
connecting it to the back module, or otherwise allow it to become dirty, you must carefully
inspect and clean the connection.
Table 32. Typical Contaminants
Contaminant
Comments
Dust particle, 1 micron
Can block up to 1% of the light transmission,
creating a loss of 0.05 dB
Dust particle, 9
microns
Although microscopic, the particle can
completely block the fiber core
Human hair
Typically 50 to 75 microns in diameter
Oil
Frequently caused by touching
Film residues
Can accumulate from vapors or smoke
Powdery coatings
Can be left behind after water or other solvents
evaporate
Important Points

Before you begin cleaning, always inspect the fiber connections.
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
Inspect and clean both fiber ends every time you make a connection.

Keep a protective cap on unplugged fiber connectors.

Do not touch the end of a fiber.

Store unused protective caps in a clean resealable container, located nearby for easy
access.

Do not reuse cleaning tissues or swabs.

Do not allow alcohol or another wet cleaning agent to dry on a fiber end.

Never touch the dispenser tip of an alcohol bottle or any clean portion of a tissue or
swab.

Use care when handling the fiber; do not twist or pull.

Keep your cleaning fluids away from open flame or spark.
Figure 74 describes the acceptable limits of defects in a fiber connection.
Scratches and dust
Zone 1
(0 to 25 micron diameter)
No scratches or digs are allowed
Zone 2
(25 to 60 micron diameter)
Maximum of 3 scratches <3.0 micron width is acceptable;
Maximum of 1 light dig of <3.0 micron is acceptable
Zone 3
(60 to 120 micron diameter)
No scratches >3.0 microns are acceptable;
Maximum of 3 digs of <10 microns are acceptable
Maximum 10 micron diameter dig is acceptable
Figure 74. Fiber Optic Cross-Section
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Inspection and Cleaning Procedure
Inspection
To inspect and clean the fibers, follow these steps:
1
Ensure the fiber is not “live.”
WARNING!
Eye damage may occur if an optical instrument such as a microscope, magnifying
glass, or eye loupe is used to stare at an energized fiber end.
2
Inspect the fiber endface with a fiberscope.
3
If the fiber endface is clean, return to the installation instructions; if the connector is dirty,
proceed to the dry cleaning instructions below.
Dry Cleaning
If you are using cartridge- or pocket-style dry cleaning tools, follow the manufacturer’s
directions. If you are using lint-free wipes, follow these steps:
1
Fold the lint-free wipe four to eight times into a square, taking care to avoid touching the
cleaning surface of the wipe.
2
Lightly wipe the fiber tip in the central portion of the lint-free wipe.
Do not scrub the fiber. Excessive rubbing will leave scratches.
3
Repeat the wiping action on another clean section of the wipe or a new wipe.
4
Inspect the connector again with the fiberscope.
5
If the connection is clean, return to the installation steps; if the connector is still dirty,
proceed to the wet cleaning instructions.
Wet Cleaning
Using 99.8% isopropyl alcohol and lint-free wipes, follow these steps to wet clean the fiber:
1
Fold the wipe into a square, about 4 to 8 layers thick.
2
Moisten one section of the lint-free wipe with one drop of 99.8% alcohol, ensuring that a
portion of the wipe remains dry.
3
Lightly wipe the fiber end in the alcohol-moistened portion of the lint-free wipe.
4
Immediately repeat the wiping action on the dry section of the wipe, removing any residual
alcohol.
5
Inspect the fiber endface again, and if necessary, repeat the wet cleaning with another
clean section of the lint-free wipe.
CAUTION!
Do not scrub the fiber. Excessive rubbing will leave scratches.
6
Dry clean any remaining residue, and then inspect the connector again.
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7
If the contamination persists, repeat the dry and wet cleaning procedure until the endface is
clean.
If the fiber end still remains dirty after repeated cleaning attempts, call Customer
Service for further instructions; if the fiber end is clean, return to the installation
instructions.
Alarm List (Faults)
Each module in a Selenio frame reports alarms (Faults) to the GUI. To view these faults,
Select Configuration, then select a module in the left pane list of slots, and then click the
Faults tab (beside the Configuration tab).
The Faults page provides information that includes:

Fault Name

Error Level

Enable/Disable capability

Priority (1 to 5 is Minor; 6 to 10 is Major)

Trigger in seconds

Clear in seconds

Acknowledgement

Active/Inactive status
You can sort the faults under these topics and by their ID number. Also, you can select
faults individually (Ctrl + click) or in a batch (Shift + Ctrl + click). Once you have selected
your faults, you can make changes to them using the options shown on the right side.
Table 33. SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2 Fault List
Encoder Fault
Default Priority
Module Failure
10 (Major)
Configuration Error
9 (Major)
Feature Not Supported
9 (Major)
Video Loss of Signal
8 (Major)
Incorrect Input Video Format
9 (Major)
Errors in Video Input Signal
6 (Major)
Audio Loss of Signal
10 (Major)
Audio Embedded Channel is Not Present
10 (Major)
Ext Compressed Audio Format Not Supported
10 (Major)
Audio Configuration Error (see page 56)
10 (Major)
Audio/Video Sync Adjust
3 (Minor)
Audio Resource Error
10 (Major)
VANC Data exceeds Bandwidth Allocation
10 (Major)
VANC Data Discarded Due to Packet Error
10 (Major)
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Table 33. SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2 Fault List (Continued)
Encoder Fault
Default Priority
VANC Configuration: Rate Below Minimum
10 (Major)
Excessive VBI Data Extraction Errors
10 (Major)
KLV Data Exceeds Bandwidth Allocation
10 (Major)
KLV Data Discarded Due to Packet Error
10 (Major)
OP-47 Data Exceeds Lines/Frame Allocation
10 (Major)
OP-47 Data Discarded Due to Packet Error
10 (Major)
Errors in SCTE 104 or SCTE 35 Data
5 (Minor)
Splice Point Video PTS Invalid
5 (Minor)
Splice Point Notification Too Late for Insertion
5 (Minor)
IP Transmit Configuration Error
10 (Major)
IP Receive Overflow Error
10 (Major)
IP Transmit Overflow Error
10 (Major)
IP Receive Error
10 (Major)
MH Input Error
10 (Major)
MH Output Error
10 (Major)
MH ECM Communication Error
10 (Major)
Rate Configuration Error
9 (Major)
AMOL Rate Configuration Error
9 (Major)
MH Configuration Error
10 (Major)
Ext Compressed Audio Error
10 (Major)
Audio Ext Compressed A/V Not Locked
4 (Minor)
High Temperature Warning
10 (Major)
Audio Output Degraded
4 (Minor)
Module in Failsafe
10 (Major)
Audio Late Input Discarded
5 (Minor)
Internal IP Data Error
10 (Major)
Video Encoder Fault
10 (Major)
Video Alternate Input Running
8 (Major)
Global STC Synchronization Has Been Lost
9 (Major)
Video Input LOS Image Fault
5 (Minor)
SMPTE 2031 Data Exceeds Bandwidth Allocation
10 (Major)
SMPTE 2031 Data Discarded Due to Packet Error
10 (Major)
SMPTE 2031 VBI configuration and data mismatch
10 (Major)
External Data Bandwidth Exceeded
4 (Minor)
External Audio Metadata Error
7 (Major)
123
124
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Installation and Operation Manual
Specifications
ASI Output
Table 34. ASI Output
Item
Specification
Number of Outputs
2
Standard
EN 50083-9
Connector
(High-Density) HD-BNC
Data Rate
0-210 Mb/s
Output Voltage
800 mV ±0% (pk-to-pk)
Clock Rate
270 MHz ± 100 ppm
Deterministic Jitter
10% (pk-to-pk)
Random Jitter
8% (pk-to-pk)
Max. Rise and Fall time
1.2 ns (20-80%)
Separate Audio Input Specifications
Table 35. Unbalanced AES Input
Item
Specification
Connector
(High-Density) HD-BNC
Impedance
75
Return Loss
>25 dB, 0.1 to 6.0 MHz
Sensitivity
<100 mV
Input Audio Rate
Externally compressed data: 48 kHz synchronous with
the input video clock.
(PCM data must be sampled between 32 kHz and 96 kHz
and will be internally sample rate converted to 48 kHz
synchronous with the input video clock.)
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Video Input Specifications
Table 36. 3 Gb/s HD-SDI Inputs (ENC1 Only)
Item
Specification
Number of Inputs
1
Standard
SMPTE 424M
Connector
(High-Density) HD-BNC
Impedance
75
Return Loss

>15 dB, typical, from 5 MHz to 1485 MHz

>10 dB, typical, from 1485 MHz to 2970 MHz
Table 37. 1.5 Gb/s HD-SDI Inputs
Item
Specification
Number of Inputs
1 (ENC1); 2 (ENC2)
Standard
SMPTE 292M (1.485, 1.485/1.001 Gb/s)
Connector
(High-Density) HD-BNC
Impedance
75
Return Loss
>15 dB, typical, from 5 MHz to 1485 MHz
Table 38. SD-SDI Inputs
Item
Specification
Number of Inputs
1 (ENC1); 2 (ENC2)
Standard
SMPTE 259M-C (270 Mb/s, 525/625 component video)
Connector
(High-Density) HD-BNC
Impedance
75
Return Loss
>15 dB, typical, from 5 MHz to 270 MHz
125
126
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Installation and Operation Manual
SFP Receiver Specifications
Table 39. OP+SFP+RR Dual Optical Receiver
Item
Minimum
Typical
Maximum
Notes
Number of LC Input
Connectors
-
-
2
Input Wavelength
1260 nm
-
1620 nm
Optical Power Monitor
Accuracy
-2 dB
-
2 dB
Sensitivity at 270 Mb/s
(SMPTE 259M)
-
-22
-20
Pathological*
Sensitivity at 1.5 Gb/s
(SMPTE 292M)
-
-22
-20
Pathological
Sensitivities at 3 Gb/s
(SMPTE 424M)
-
-20
-18
Pathological
Overload
0 dBm
-
-
2.97 Gb/s*
*BER = 1E-12 against SDI matrix. Check field signals for video applications. BER = 1E-12 against PRBS 223-1 for datacom applications.
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Video Output Specifications
Table 40. 3 Gb/s HD-SDI Outputs (ENC1 Only)
Item
Specification
Number of Outputs
2
Standard
SMPTE 424M
Connector
(High-Density) HD-BNC
Impedance
75
Return Loss

>15 dB, typical, from 5 MHz to 1485 MHz

>10 dB, typical, from 1485 MHz to 2970 MHz
Signal Level
800 mV ±10%
DC Offset
0.0 V ±0.5 V
Rise and Fall Time
<135 ps (20% to 80%), no differ by more than 50 ps
Overshoot
<10% of amplitude
Jitter

Timing jitter: 2 UI pk-to-pk

Alignment jitter: 0.3 UI pk-to-pk
Table 41. 1.5 Gb/s HD-SDI Outputs
Item
Specification
Number of Outputs
2
Standard
SMPTE 292M (1.485, 1.485/1.001 Gb/s)
Connector
(High-Density) HD-BNC
Impedance
75
Return Loss
>15 dB, typical, from 5 MHz to 1485 MHz
Signal Level
800 mV ±10%
DC Offset
0.0 V ±0.5 V
Rise and Fall Time
<270 ps (20% to 80%)
Overshoot
<10% of amplitude (all outputs terminated)
Jitter

Timing jitter: <1 UI pk-to-pk

Alignment jitter: <0.2 UI pk-to-pk
127
128
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Installation and Operation Manual
Table 42. SD-SDI Outputs
Item
Specification
Number of Outputs
2
Standard
SMPTE 259M-C (270 Mb/s, 525/625 component video)
Connector
(High-Density) HD-BNC
Impedance
75
Return Loss
>15 dB, typical, from 5 MHz to 270 MHz
Signal Level
800 mV ±10%
DC Offset
0.0 V ±0.5 V
Rise and Fall Time
400 to 1500 ps (20% to 80%)
Overshoot
<10% of amplitude (all outputs terminated)
Jitter
< 0.2 UI pk-to-pk
Power Consumption
Table 43. Power Consumption Specification
Item
Specification
Module Power Consumption
40 W maximum
129
Index
Symbols
C
3DTV functionality 8
CABAC 37
Center Mix Level 60
Chroma Sampling 28
Cleaning and inspecting fiber optics 119–122
Clear Status 27, 85
Closed Caption 72, 73–74
Closed GOP 30, 36
Codec sample rate 55
Coding
Level 33
Mode 60
Profile 28
Configuration Procedures 91–111
Configuring IP Sources and Destinations 14–22
Constant Bitrate (CBR) 28
Copyright 55, 62
Country 82
Custom GPI scripts 88–90
Custom pre-proc option 34
A
AAC 57
Adaptive Quantization 36
Advanced Audio Processing 41–46
Advanced Parameters 34
AFD Default 74
Alarm List (Faults) 122–123
Alternate Scan 37
Alternate source 24
AMOLl-48 and -96 72
Analog-to-Digital 63
Ancillary 68–71
Application Examples 31
ASI Output and Status 82
Aspect Ratio Control (ARC) 25, 33
ATSC
MH IP 84
MH IP Settings 99–101
Mobile Handheld 91–101
Audio
Compression 47–59
Format 48
Input status 39–40
Production Info 61
Audio-only coding 24
Automated Measurement of Lineups (AMOL) 72
AV Sync Adj Count 56
B
Back Modules 9–10
BBC-b6 75
Bit Depth 58
Bitrate 28, 68
Bitstream Mode 60
Block Diagrams 11
D
Data Ethernet interfaces 14
Data Services 68–80
De-emphasis 55
Delay
Audio compression 54
GOP 29
splice preroll 79
system 30, 33
Dialog Normalization 61
Digital Vertical Interval Time Code (DVITC) 71
DIP Switch 22
Dolby Digital 45, 48, 50, 53, 55, 58, 60–67
Dolby Digital Plus 31, 45, 48, 51, 53, 55, 58, 60,
61, 64–67, 85
Dolby Digital setup instructions 64–67
Dolby Digital Surround 53, 61–63
Dolby E decoder 41, 42, 43, 58
Dolby E encoder 45, 48, 50, 53–67
Dual Mono (1+1) mode 55
Dynamic GOP 35
130
Index
E
Elementary Stream Rate 33
Enable Output parameter 47
Encapsulation 20–21
EPF Strength 34
EPG Export 110
ETSI 300 472 and ETSI EN 301 775 77
Examples of Applications 31
Ext A-to-D Type 63
Ext Dolby Surr EX Mode 63
Ext LtRt and LoRo Levels 63
Ext Stereo DownMix 62
Extended Bitstream Information 62
Extractor, Front Module 13
F
Fade Detection 35
Failsafe Operation 22
Faults 122–123
Features of the modules 1–3
FEC 20–21
Fiber Optic Safety 118–119
Field 1 and 2 Line Function 71
Film Detect 32
Filter, VANC 68
Front Module 8
G
Gain 55
General Purpose Interface (GPI) 79, 88
Genlock 26
GOP
Closed 30, 36
Dynamic 35
Dynamic Min and Max 36
Selection Guidelines 29
Size 29
Structure 28
Structure and Size 36
GPI scripts 88–90
GPI/Serial Pinouts 10
H
Hierarchy, Implicit and Explicit 57
High Pass Filter 63
I
Independent (Main) 47
Inspecting and cleaning fiber optics 119–122
Installing modules 12–13
Intra DC and VLC 37
IP
Encapsulation 84–85
LANs 88
Sources and Destinations 14–22
ISDB-TB Pro Software 108–111
ISDB-Tb Settings
Fixed 102–103
Mobile 104–108
K
KLV Rate and Source 76
L
Language Code 55, 82
Laser Safety 118–119
Latency 30
Level of coding 33
LFE Channel 61
License Key Options 4–7
Line Mode Profile 63
Loss of Input 25, 47
Lossless Monochrome Coding 71
Loudness presets 44–45
Low Frequency Effects 61
Lowpass Filters 63
LPF Strength 34
M
M2X Settings 101
Main Program IP Status 84
MCTF Strength 35
ME 1 Zero Bias 36
Metadata 48, 58, 60–63
MIB files 23
Miscellaneous 85
Mix Level 62
Mode, Audio 48
Module Options and Types 4–7
MPEG Max/Min parameters 37
MPEG Parameters (PIP Program) 81
MPEG2 QPI and QPB Offset 36
Multicast IP destinations 20
Multichannel (5+1) 53
N
Nagra Settings 91
O
OP-47 77–78
Options for the Module 4–7
Original Bitstream 55, 62
P
Parametric Stereo (PS) Signaling 57
Parental Rating 81
PES packing 58
SEL-1ENC1 and SEL-1ENC2
Installation and Operation Manual
Pinouts, GPI/Serial 10
PIP 60, 80
PIP Program IP 85
PMT Channel and Loss of Signal 56
Power consumption 128
Pre-Deblocking Strength 35
Preprocessing video 33
Preroll 79
Primary source 24
Procedures for Configuration 91–111
Program Configuration 58
Program Select 60
Q
Quality of Service 21
R
Rate, Transport Stream 68
Removing Modules 13
Resolution 25
Returning a Product ix
Revision History of Manual vii
RF Compression Profile 63
RoHS Compliance ix
Room Type 62
Roundbox Settings 91
S
Safety
Fiber Optic 118–119
Terms and Symbols x
SBR Signaling 57
Scene Change Direction 35
Serial Data 90
Serial/GPI Pinouts 10
Service Info Insert 74
Servicing a Product ix
SFP Receiver Option 7
Shipping/Unpacking Information viii
SI Mode 80
SI Parameters 81–82
Signal Flow 11
Simulcrypt 100
Skin Tone Detection 35
SMPTE 2031 77, 78
Source
Audio 53
CTR SDI and EXT SDI 24
Specifications 124–128
Splice 78–80
Statmux 28
Substream ID 55
Subtitles 76
Support Post 13
Surround
Controls 63
Mix Level 61
Synchrony MNA Overview 101
System Delay 30, 33
System Recovery Upgrade Fault 22
T
Teletext (TTX) 77–78, 82
Tgt Qp 32
Time to Live 16, 88
Total TS Rate 38, 80
Transmit Interface 17
Transport 57
Transport Stream
Mux 80–82
packing 21
Type of Service 21
U
UDP 73
Unicast IP destinations 18
Unpacking/Shipping Information viii
Upgrading Module Firmware 22
V
VANC
Closed Captioning 74
Filter and Service 68
Service 69
VBI 71–74
VBI over VANC 76
Video
Compression 27–37
Elementary Stream Rate 33
Input 24–27
Program System (VPS) 72
Video bitrate 30
VLAN ID 17
VLAN ID restrictions 15
W
WEEE Compliance x
Weighted Prediction 35
Wide Screen Signaling (WSS) 72
World System Teletext (WST) 72
131
132
SEL-ENC-TBA
Installation and Operation Manual
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