SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229 Copyright 2016 Advantech Co

SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229 Copyright 2016 Advantech Co
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
Copyright 2016 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page I
Revision History
Date (mm/dd/yyyy)
Revision
Modifications
12/29/2016
0.1
Initial draft version
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
Copyright 2016 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page I
Copyright and Trademarks
The documentation and the software included with this product are copyrighted 2016
by Advantech Co., Ltd. All rights are reserved. Advantech Co., Ltd. reserves the right to
make improvements in the products described in this manual at any time without notice.
No part of this manual may be reproduced, copied, translated or transmitted in any
form or by any means without the prior written permission of Advantech Co., Ltd. The
information provided in this manual is intended to be accurate and reliable. However,
Advantech Co., Ltd. assumes no responsibility for its use, nor for any infringements of
the rights of any third parties, which may result from its use.
About This Manual
Thank you for purchasing and using the Advantech SKY-8100.
The target audience of this manual includes users, administrators and technicians. This
publication is a useful reference when installing, configuring, operating and managing
the SKY-8100.
This manual is organized as follows:

Section 1: Getting Started helps you with the first steps with the SKY-8100.

Section 2: Product Specification provides a detailed description of the SKY-8100 and
its features.

Section 3: Configuration and Service describes how to change the SKY-8100’s
configuration.

Section 4: Configuration and Service describes how to install and service replaceable
items.

Section 5: Tips, Tricks and Troubleshooting provides best practices and other
information that may be helpful for operation and troubleshooting of the SKY-8100

Appendices provide supplemental information referenced in the other sections of this
document.
Useful Documents
If you cannot find the information you’re looking for or need more detailed information
on a specific topic, please refer to the list of additional documents and other sources of
information below. Please contact your Advantech representative if you need help on
obtaining these documents or still can’t find what you’re looking for.
- Advanced LAN Bypass User Manual
- Information on intel CPUs, Chipsets and NIC silicon can be found at: www.intel.com
- SKY-8100 Reference Platform Software User’s Guide (for samples only)
- SKY-8100 BMC User’s Guide
- ipmitool how-to can be found at: http://linux.die.net/man/1/ipmitool
- An introduction to IPMI can be found at:
http://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/servers/ipmi/ipmi-home.html
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
Copyright 2016 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page II
Technical Support and Assistance
1. Visit the Advantech website at http://support.advantech.com where you can find the
latest information about our products.
2. Contact your distributor, sales representative, or Advantech's customer service
center for technical support if you need additional assistance. Please have the
following information ready before you call:
- Product name and serial number
- A description of your peripheral attachments
- A description of your software (operating system, version, application software,
etc.)
- A complete description of the problem
- The exact wording of any error messages
Acknowledgements
Xeon, QuickAssist and Intel are trademarked by Intel Corp. All other product
names or trademarks are properties of their respective owners.
Product Warranty (2 Years)
Advantech warrants to you, the original purchaser, that each of its products will be free
from defects in materials and workmanship for two years from the date of purchase.
This warranty does not apply to any products which have been repaired or altered by
persons other than repair personnel authorized by Advantech, or which have been
subject to misuse, abuse, accident or improper installation. Advantech assumes no
liability under the terms of this warranty as a consequence of such events.
If an Advantech product is defective, it will be repaired or replaced at no charge during
the warranty period. For out-of-warranty repairs, you will be billed according to the cost
of replacement materials, service time and freight. Please consult your dealer for more
details. Because of Advantech’s high quality-control standards and rigorous testing,
most of our customers never need to use our repair service. But if you think you have
obtained a defective product, please follow these steps:
1. Collect all the information about the problem encountered. (For example, CPU
speed, Advantech products used, other hardware and software used, etc.)
Note!
To make our service more efficient, please make a note of anything abnormal
and list any onscreen messages you get when the problem occurs.
2. Call your dealer and describe the problem. Please have your manual, product, and
any other helpful information readily available.
3. If your product is diagnosed as defective, obtain an RMA (return merchandize
authorization) number from your dealer. This allows us to process your return more
quickly.
4. Carefully pack the defective product, a fully-completed Repair and Replacement
Order Card and a photocopy of the proof of purchase date (such as your sales
receipt) in a shippable container. A product returned without proof of the purchase
date is not eligible for warranty service.
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
Copyright 2016 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page III
5. Write the RMA number visibly on the outside of the package and ship it prepaid to
your dealer.
Warnings, Cautions and Notes
Warning!
Warnings indicate conditions, which if not observed, can cause
personal injury!
Caution!
Cautions are included to help you avoid damaging hardware or losing
data.
Note!
Notes provide additional information.
We Appreciate Your Input
Please let us know of any aspect of this product, including the manual, which could
use improvement or correction. We appreciate your valuable input in helping make our
products and documentation better.
Please send all such - in writing to: ncg@advantech.com
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
Copyright 2016 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page IV
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter 1 Getting Started .................................................. 14
1.1 Safety Introductions .............................................................................................. 15
1.1.1 Safety Precautions per IEC704-1 ................................................................ 15
1.1.2 Safety Precautions – Static Electricity.......................................................... 16
1.2 Unpacking ............................................................................................................. 17
1.3 Installation and Configuration................................................................................ 18
1.3.1 Rack Mounting ............................................................................................ 18
1.3.2 Powering On................................................................................................ 19
1.3.3 Connecting to Monitor, Keyboard and Mouse .............................................. 19
1.3.4 Connecting to the Serial Console ................................................................ 19
1.3.5 Installing an OS ........................................................................................... 23
1.3.5.1 Pre-Installed reference OS ............................................................... 23
1.3.5.2 Installing and/or boot an OS from a USB key .................................... 23
1.3.5.3 Installing an OS via network boot...................................................... 24
1.3.5.4 Booting an OS via network boot........................................................ 25
1.4 Getting Help: Technical Support and Assistance .................................................. 26
Chapter 2 Product Specification ........................................ 27
2.1 Overview............................................................................................................... 28
2.2 SKY-8100 System Architecture ............................................................................. 29
2.2.1 SKY-8100 Board List ................................................................................... 30
2.2.2 SKY-8100MB Hardware Specification ......................................................... 30
2.2.3 SKY-8100MB Hardware Functions .............................................................. 31
2.2.4 Product Versions ......................................................................................... 32
2.3 Technical Specifications ....................................................................................... 33
2.3.1 System Dimensions ..................................................................................... 33
2.3.2 Regulatory Compliance ............................................................................... 33
2.3.2.1 Safety ............................................................................................... 33
2.3.2.2 Electromagnetic Compatibility .......................................................... 34
2.3.2.3 CE Mark ........................................................................................... 34
2.3.3 Block Diagram ............................................................................................. 35
2.3.4 Processor(s) ................................................................................................ 36
2.3.5 SoC Feature Details .................................................................................... 36
2.3.6 DDR4 Memory System ................................................................................ 37
2.3.6.1 DDR4 DIMM Type and Configuration Priorities................................. 38
2.3.6.2 DDR4 DIMM Population Configurations............................................ 39
2.3.6.3 Broadwell-DE DDR4 DIMM Location and SMBus Mapping .............. 40
2.3.6.4 Validated Modules ............................................................................ 41
2.3.7 USB ............................................................................................................. 41
2.3.7.1 Universal Serial Bus (USB) 3.0 Controllers ....................................... 42
2.3.7.2 Universal Serial Bus (USB) 2.0 Controllers ....................................... 42
2.3.8 Serial ATA(SATA) Controller ....................................................................... 43
2.3.9 PCI Express (PCIe) Gen3 Expansion .......................................................... 45
2.3.10 PCI Express Gen2 Root Port ..................................................................... 47
2.3.11 Low Pin Count (LPC) Interface .................................................................. 47
2.3.12 Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) ................................................................ 47
2.3.13 UART Interface .......................................................................................... 47
2.3.14 System Management Bus (SMBus 2.0) ..................................................... 48
2.3.15 Integrated 10GbE Controller ...................................................................... 49
2.3.16 Dual 15 Gbps PHY – Inphi CS4227 ........................................................... 50
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
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Page 5
2.3.16.1 SFI Interface Feature Details .......................................................... 50
2.3.17 Quadl Port GbE LAN Controller – Intel I350............................................... 51
2.3.18 GbE LAN Controller – Intel I210 ................................................................ 52
2.3.19 Hardware Monitor Chip – NuvoTon NCT7904D ......................................... 53
2.4 System Hardware Specificatoin ............................................................................ 54
2.4.1 Front Panel .................................................................................................. 55
2.4.1.1 Status LEDs ..................................................................................... 56
2.4.2 Rear Panel .................................................................................................. 58
2.4.2.1 Ethernet Connectors......................................................................... 58
2.4.3 BIOS............................................................................................................ 60
2.4.3.1 Password Protection......................................................................... 60
2.4.3.2 BIOS Defaults................................................................................... 60
2.4.3.3 PCIe Tree ......................................................................................... 60
2.4.4 Advanced Platform Management ................................................................. 62
2.4.4.1 Hardware and Environmental Monitoring .......................................... 62
2.4.4.2 Thermal Management ...................................................................... 64
2.4.5 Power Supplies ........................................................................................... 65
2.4.5.1 AC PSU ............................................................................................ 65
2.4.5.2 DC PSU............................................................................................ 66
2.4.5.3 Protection ......................................................................................... 66
2.4.5.4 Monitoring and LEDs ......................................... 錯誤! 尚未定義書籤。
2.4.6 Product Labelling ......................................................................................... 67
2.4.6.1 Electronic Label: FRU EEPROM ...................................................... 68
2.5 Advanced Platform Features................................................................................. 69
2.5.1 Intrusion Detection....................................................................................... 69
2.5.2 Watchdogs .................................................................................................. 69
2.6 Available Accessories and Related Products ........................................................ 69
2.6.1 Accessories ................................................................................................. 69
Chapter 3 BIOS & BMC ....................................................... 70
3.1 BIOS Setup Menu ................................................................................................. 71
3.2.1 Main Setup Menu ........................................................................................ 72
3.2.1.1 Setting System Time and Date ......................................................... 73
3.2.2 Platform Setup Menu ................................................................................... 74
3.2.2.1 Serial Console .................................................................................. 74
3.2.2.2 Trusted Computing ........................................................................... 74
3.2.2.3 USB Configuration ............................................................................ 75
3.2.3 Security Setup ............................................................................................. 77
3.2.4 Save & Exit Menu ........................................................................................ 78
3.3 Firmware Upgrades .............................................................................................. 79
3.3.1 BMC Application .......................................................................................... 80
3.3.2 BMC Bootloader .......................................................................................... 81
3.3.3 BIOS............................................................................................................ 83
3.3.4 BIOS NVRAM .............................................................................................. 84
Chapter 4 Setting Up .......................................................... 86
4.1 Installing Components .......................................................................................... 87
4.1.1 Server Slide ................................................................................................. 87
4.1.1.1 Remove the Chassis (Inner) Member ............................................... 88
4.1.1.2 Mount the Chassis (Inner) Member to the Chassis ........................... 88
4.1.1.3 Attach the Cabinet (Outer) Member to the Rail ................................. 89
4.1.1.4 Mount the Chassis into the Cabinet .................................................. 90
4.1.2 Hard Drive ................................................................................................... 92
4.1.2.1 Hard Drive Replacement .................................................................. 92
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
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4.1.2.2 Open the HDD Tray .......................................................................... 93
4.1.2.3 SAS Hard Drive Carriers .................................................................. 93
4.1.3 PCI Riser Card ............................................................................................ 94
4.1.3.1 Riser Card Replacement .................................................................. 94
4.1.3.2 Dismounting Cards from the PCIe Component ................................. 95
4.1.3.3 Reassembling the PCIe Component into the Chassis....................... 95
4.1.4 Server Board ............................................................................................... 96
4.1.4.1 Memory Card Installation .................................................................. 96
4.1.4.2 mSATA Card Installation .................................................................. 97
4.1.5 Filter Replacement ...................................................................................... 97
4.1.6 Fan Replacement ........................................................................................ 98
4.1.7 Power Module Replacement ...................................................................... 100
4.2 Replacing FRUs.................................................................................................. 101
4.2.1 Air Filter ..................................................................................................... 101
4.2.2 PSU Modules ............................................................................................ 102
4.2.3 Disk Drives ................................................................................................ 103
4.2.3.1 2.5” HDD ........................................................................................ 103
4.2.3.2 mSATA SSD .................................................................................. 103
4.2.4 RTC Battery............................................................................................... 104
4.2.5 DIMMs ....................................................................................................... 105
4.2.6 FAN MODULE ........................................................................................... 105
Appendix A Connector Pinout and LED Information ........ 107
A.1 Jumpers ............................................................................................................. 108
A.2 Connectors ......................................................................................................... 110
A.2.1 LOM Connectors (CN5)............................................................................. 110
A.2.2 The CPLD JTAG Connectors (CN7) .......................................................... 114
A.2.3 The RJ-45 Console Connectors (CN9) ...................................................... 115
A.2.4 The 2x10-Pin Front Panel Connectors (CN11) .......................................... 116
A.2.5 The 2x7-Pin Front Panel Connectors (CN14) ............................................ 118
A.2.6 Power Button Signal Connectors (CN16) .................................................. 119
A.2.7 The +12V CPU ATX 4-Pin Power Connectors (ATX12V1) ........................ 120
A.3 Pin Headers........................................................................................................ 121
A.3.1 TPM Module / Port-80 Pin Header (CN6) .................................................. 121
A.3.2 External Fan Control Board Pin Header (CN20) ........................................ 123
A.3.3 Pin Header Upgrade for the CPU Power PWM Controller (CN21) ............. 124
A.3.4 Pin Header Upgrade for the CS4227 Chipset (l2C1) ................................. 125
A.3.5 USB3.0 Pin Header (USB1) ...................................................................... 126
A.3.6 Clear CMOS Pin Header (CLS_CMOS1) .................................................. 128
A.3.7 Me Mode Select Pin Header (ME_MODE1) .............................................. 129
A.4 Switch................................................................................................................. 130
A.4.1 LAN Port Reset Switch (SW2) ................................................................... 130
Appendix B BIOS Post Code ............................................. 131
Appendix C Power Supply Specification .......................... 139
C.1 Redundant 650W AC PSU ................................................................................. 140
C.1.1 Current Drawn From AC Source ............................................................... 140
C.1.2 Max Inrush Current Drawn From AC Source ............................................. 140
C.1.3 Power Supplies Be Configured For Hot Failover ....................................... 140
C.2 Redundant 650W DC PSU ................................................................................. 142
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Appendix D Declaration of Conformity............................. 144
Appendix E Warranty and RMA......................................... 146
Appendix F Glossary ......................................................... 148
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
Copyright 2016 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page 8
LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 1-1: Mounting Ear Thread Holes ...................................................................... 18
Figure 1-2: Mounting Ear Screws Inserted but Not Fastened Yet................................ 18
Figure 1-3: PuTTY Session Configuration ................................................................... 20
Figure 1-4: PuTTY Serial Configuration ...................................................................... 21
Figure 1-5: PuTTY Keyboard Settings ........................................................................ 21
Figure 1-6: PuTTY Colour Settings ............................................................................. 22
Figure 1-7: BIOS POST Screen .................................................................................. 22
Figure 2-1: Carrier Grade Server SKY-8100 ............................................................... 28
Figure 2-2 SKY-8100 System Architecture.................................................................. 29
Figure 2-3: System Dimensions .................................................................................. 33
Figure 2-4: SKY-8100 Block Diagram ......................................................................... 35
Figure 2-5: DIMM and CPU Location .......................................................................... 37
Figure 2-6: Broadwell-DE DDR4 DIMM Location on SKY-8100MB ............................. 40
Figure 2-7: Broadwell-DE USB3.0 Block Diagram for SKY-8100MB ........................... 42
Figure 2-8: Broadwell-DE USB2.0 Block Diagram for SKY-8100MB ........................... 42
Figure 2-9: Broadwell-DE SATA Block Diagram for NAMB-3260MB ........................... 43
Figure 2-10: M.2 SSD ................................................................................................. 43
Figure 2-11: M.2 SSDs’ Locations .............................................................................. 44
Figure 2-13: PCIe Cages (Top View) .......................................................................... 45
Figure 2-14: Broadwell-DE PCIe Gen3 Expansion Gold Finger Location on
SKY-8100MB .............................................................................................................. 46
Figure 2-15: Broadwell-DE PCIe Express Gen2 Block Diagram for SKY-8100MB ...... 47
Figure 2-16: Broadwell-DE LPC Block Diagram for NAMB-3260MB ........................... 47
Figure 2-17: SKY-8100 System SMBus Block Diagram .............................................. 48
Figure 2-18: Broadwell-DE Integrated 10GbE Logical Block Diagram ......................... 49
Figure 2-19: Broadwell-DE SFP+ Implementation with Inphi CS4227 Block Diagram . 50
Figure 2-20: Broadwell-DE LAN Implementation with Intel I350 Block Diagram .......... 51
Figure 2-21: Broadwell-DE LAN Implementation with Intel I210 Block Diagram .......... 52
Figure 2-22: Front View of SKY-8100 (Cover Closed) ................................................. 54
Figure 2-23: Front View of SKY-8100 (Cover Opened) ............................................... 54
Figure 2-24: Front Panel ............................................................................................. 55
Figure 2-25: Status LEDs (Front Panel) ...................................................................... 56
Figure 2-26: Rear Panel.............................................................................................. 58
Figure 2-27: RJ-45 LEDs (Rear Panel) ....................................................................... 58
Figure 2-28: Thermal Sensor Locations ...................................................................... 63
Figure 2-29: System Airflow and Fans ........................................................................ 64
Figure 2-30: AC PSU Details ...................................................................................... 65
Figure 2-31: DC PSU Details ....................................................... 錯誤! 尚未定義書籤。
Figure 3-1: BIOS POST Screen .................................................................................. 71
Figure 3-2: BIOS Setup Screen Organization ............................................................. 72
Figure 3-3: BIOS Setup Main Screen .......................................................................... 72
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
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Page 9
Figure 3-4: Platform Setup: Main Screen .................................................................... 74
Figure 3-5: Platform Setup: Security Screen ............................................................... 74
Figure 3-6: Platform Setup: USB Configuration Menu ................................................. 75
Figure 3-7: Security Menu........................................................................................... 77
Figure 3-8: Save & Exit Menu ..................................................................................... 78
Figure 3-9: BMC Application Upgrade......................................................................... 81
Figure 3-10: BMC Bootloader Upgrade ....................................................................... 82
Figure 3-11: BIOS Upgrade ........................................................................................ 83
Figure 3-12: Check Active BIOS Version .................................................................... 84
Figure 3-12: BIOS NVRAM Upgrade........................................................................... 84
Figure 3-13: Check Active BIOS NVRAM Version....................................................... 85
Figure 4-1: Standard Retail Packaging ....................................................................... 87
Figure 4-2: Remove the Inner Chassis........................................................................ 88
Figure 4-3: Mount the Inner Chassis ........................................................................... 88
Figure 4-4: Install the Bracket ..................................................................................... 89
Figure 4-5: Uninstall the Bracket ................................................................................. 89
Figure 4-6: Mount the Chassis into the Cabinet .......................................................... 90
Figure 4-7: SB Tool-Less Bracket ............................................................................... 91
Figure 4-8: Hard Disk Drives ....................................................................................... 92
Figure 4-9: Hard Driver Replacement ......................................................................... 92
Figure 4-10: Hard Driver Replacement ....................................................................... 92
Figure 4-11: Unlocked the HDD Tray .......................................................................... 93
Figure 4-12: Open the HDD Tray ................................................................................ 93
Figure 4-13: SAS Hard Drive Tray Component ........................................................... 93
Figure 4-14: Riser Card Replacement......................................................................... 94
Figure 4-15: Dismounting Cards from the PCIe Component ....................................... 95
Figure 4-16: Server Board Layout ............................................................................... 96
Figure 4-17: (A) Install Memory Card (B) Uninstall Memory Card ............................. 96
Figure 4-18: Install mSATA Card ................................................................................ 97
Figure 4-19: Filter Replacement 1 ............................................................................... 97
Figure 4-20: Filter Replacement 2 ............................................................................... 97
Figure 4-21: Filter Replacement 3 ............................................................................... 98
Figure 4-22: Filter Replacement 4 ............................................................................... 98
Figure 4-23: Fan Replacement 1 ................................................................................ 98
Figure 4-24: Fan Replacement 2 ................................................................................ 99
Figure 4-25: Fan Replacement 3 ................................................................................ 99
Figure 4-26: Fan Replacement 4 ................................................................................ 99
Figure 4-27: Power Module Replacement ................................................................. 100
Figure 4-28: Air Filter ................................................................................................ 101
Figure 4-29: Air Filter Assembly ................................................................................ 101
Figure 4-30: PSU Modules ........................................................................................ 102
Figure 4-31: 2.5” HDD .............................................................................................. 103
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
Copyright 2016 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page 10
Figure 4-32: Unlocking the Battery ............................................................................ 104
Figure 4-33: FAN Module.......................................................................................... 105
Figure A-1: Jumpers on the Server Board ................................................................. 108
Figure A-2: LOM Connector (CN5) ........................................................................... 110
Figure A-3: CPLD JTAG Connector (CN7) ................................................................ 114
Figure A-4: RJ-45 Console Connector (CN9) ............................................................ 115
Figure A-5: 2x10-Pin Front Panel Connector (CN11) ................................................ 116
Figure A-6: 2x7-Pin Front Panel Connector (CN14) .................................................. 118
Figure A-7: Power Button Signal Connector (CN16) ................................................. 119
Figure A-8: Power Connector (ATX12V1) ................................................................. 120
Figure A-9 : TPM Module/Port-80 (CN6) ................................................................... 121
Figure A-10: External Fan Control Board (CN20) ...................................................... 123
Figure A-11: CPU Power PWM Controller Upgrade (CN21) ...................................... 124
Figure A-12: CS4227 Chipset Upgrade (I2C1) .......................................................... 125
Figure A-13: USB3.0 (USB1) .................................................................................... 126
Figure A-14: Clear CMOS (CLS_CMOS1) ................................................................ 128
Figure A-15 : ME Mode Select (ME_MODE1) ........................................................... 129
Figure A-16: LAN Port Reset (SW2) ......................................................................... 130
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LIST OF TABLES
Table 1-1: Packaging List ........................................................................................... 17
Table 1-2: PXE BIOS Options ..................................................................................... 25
Table 2-1: PCBA List for SKY-8100 System ............................................................... 30
Table 2-2: Major Specification of SKY-8100MB .......................................................... 30
Table 2-3: Summary of SKY-8100MB ......................................................................... 31
Table 2-4: Available Product Versions ........................................................................ 32
Table 2-5: Applicable Safety Regulations ................................................................... 33
Table 2-6: Applicable EMC Regulations...................................................................... 34
Table 2-7: Xeon–D SKUs for Communications Infrastructure...................................... 36
Table 2-8: Supported Memory Configurations............................................................. 37
Table 2-9: Broadwell-DE Supported DIMM Types Table ............................................. 38
Table 2-10: DIMM Configurations Table for Two DIMM Socket per Channel .............. 39
Table 2-11: DIMM Configurations Table for One DIMM Socket per Channel .............. 39
Table 2-12: H/W and Device Address for Two DIMM Socket per Channel .................. 40
Table 2-13: Validated DIMMs ..................................................................................... 41
Table 2-14: USB Ports ................................................................................................ 41
Table 2-15: SATA Ports .............................................................................................. 43
Table 2-16: Validated M.2 SSDs ................................................................................. 44
Table 2-17: Front Panel List ........................................................................................ 55
Table 2-18: Status LEDs ............................................................................................. 56
Table 2-19: Rear Panel List ........................................................................................ 58
Table 2-20: RJ-45 LEDs ............................................................................................. 59
Table 2-21: PCIe Devices ........................................................................................... 61
Table 2-22: Thermal Sensors...................................................................................... 63
Table 2-23: AC PSU Details ........................................................ 錯誤! 尚未定義書籤。
Table 2-24: DC PSU Details ....................................................................................... 66
Table 2-25: PSU Protection Warning and Critical Levels ............................................ 66
Table 2-26: PSU LED Status ....................................................... 錯誤! 尚未定義書籤。
Table 2-27: Product Labels ......................................................................................... 67
Table 2-28: Accessories ............................................................................................. 69
Table 3-1: BIOS Setup: Main Menu ............................................................................ 73
Table 3-2: Trusted Computing Menu........................................................................... 75
Table 3-3: USB Configuration Menu ........................................................................... 76
Table 3-4: Save & Exit Menu Options ......................................................................... 78
Table A-1: Server Board Assemblies List .................................................................. 109
Table A-2: LOM Connector (CN5) Pin Definitions ..................................................... 110
Table A-3: CPLD JTAG Connector (CN7) Pin Definitions ......................................... 114
Table A-4: RJ-45 Connector (CN9) Pin Definitions ................................................... 115
Table A-5: 2x10-Pin Front Panel Connector (CN11) Pin Definitions .......................... 116
Table A-6: 2x7-Pin Front Panel Connector (CN14) Pin Definitions ............................ 118
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
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Table A-7: Power Button Connector (CN16) Pin Definitions ...................................... 119
Table A-8: Power Connector (ATX12V1) Pin Definitions ........................................... 120
Table A-9: TPM Module/Port-80 (CN6) Pin Definitions.............................................. 121
Table A-10: External Fan Control Board (CN20) Pin Definitions ............................... 123
Table A-11: CPU Power PWM Controller Upgrade (CN21) Pin Definitions ............... 124
Table A-12: CS4227 Chipset Upgrade (I2C1) Pin Definitions ................................... 125
Table A-13: USB3.0 (USB1) Pin Definitions .............................................................. 126
Table A-14: Clear CMOS (CLS_CMOS1) Pin Definitions .......................................... 128
Table A-15: Jumper Settings for the Clear CMOS..................................................... 128
Table A-16: ME Mode Select (ME_MODE1) Pin Definitions ..................................... 129
Table A-17: ME Mode Select (ME_MODE1) Pin Pairing ........................................... 129
Table A-18: LAN Port Reset (SW2) Pin Definitions ................................................... 130
Table A-19: LAN Port Reset (SW2) Switch Setting ................................................... 130
Table B-1: BOIS POST Codes .................................................................................. 132
Table C-1: Maximum Input Current ........................................................................... 140
Table C-2: 650W AC Power Supply Specification ..................................................... 141
Table C-3: 650W DC Power Supply Specification ..................................................... 142
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Chapter
1
Getting Started
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
Copyright 2016 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page 14
1.1 Safety Introductions
Warning!
This section provides warnings that precede potentially dangerous procedures
throughout this manual. Instructions contained in the warnings must be
followed during all phases of operation, service, and repair of this equipment.
You should also employ all other safety precautions necessary for the
operation of the equipment in your operating environment.
Caution!
If you are not sure about the precautions applicable to your operating
environment, please contact your company’s safety administrator. For basic
information you may also refer to the safety precautions per IEC704-1 listed
below although Advantech disclaims all responsibility for the accuracy of any
statements contained therein and its applicability for your specific
environment.
Failure to comply with these precautions or with specific warnings elsewhere in this
manual could result in personal injury or damage to the equipment.
Advantech intends to provide all necessary information to install and handle the
SKY-8100 in this manual. Because of the complexity of this product and its various
uses, we do not guarantee that the given information is complete. If you need additional
information, contact your Advantech representative.
The product has been designed to meet the standard industrial safety requirements. It
must not be used except in its specific area as specified in Section 2.2.4.
Only personnel trained by Advantech or persons qualified in electronics or electrical
engineering is authorized to install service or maintain the product. The information
given in this manual is meant to complete the knowledge of a specialist and must not be
used as replacement for qualified personnel. Operating personnel must not remove
equipment covers. Only factory authorized service personnel or other qualified service
personnel may remove equipment covers for internal subassembly or component
replacement or any internal adjustment.
Do not install substitute parts or perform any unauthorized modification of the
equipment or the warranty may be voided. Contact your local Advantech
representative for service and repair to make sure that all safety features are
maintained.
1.1.1 Safety Precautions per IEC704-1
1.
Read these safety instructions carefully.
2.
Keep this User Manual for later reference.
3.
Keep this equipment away from humidity.
4.
Put this equipment on a reliable surface during installation. Dropping it or letting
it fall may cause damage.
5.
Make sure the voltage of the power source is correct before connecting the
equipment to the power outlet.
6.
Position the power cord so that people cannot step on it. Do not place anything
over the power cord.
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7.
All cautions and warnings on the equipment should be noted.
8.
If the equipment is not used for a long time, disconnect it from the power source to
avoid damage by transient over-voltage.
9.
Never pour any liquid into an opening. This may cause fire or electrical shock.
10. For safety reasons, the equipment should be opened only by qualified service
personnel.
11. If one of the following situations arises, get the equipment checked by service
personnel:
12. The power cord or plug is damaged.
13. Liquid has penetrated into the equipment.
14. The equipment has been exposed to moisture.
15. The equipment does not work well, or you cannot get it to work according
- The equipment has been dropped and damaged.
- The equipment has obvious signs of breakage.
Note!
Do not leave this equipment in an environment where the storage temperature
may go beyond the range specified in Technical Specifications. This could
damage the equipment. The equipment should be in a controlled environment.
Caution!
Danger of explosion if battery is incorrectly replaced. Replace only with the
same or equivalent type recommended by the manufacturer, discard used
batteries according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
16. The sound pressure level at the operator’s position according to IEC 704-1:1982
is no more than 70 dB (A).
DISCLAIMER: The set of instructions is given according to IEC704-1. Advantech
disclaims all responsibility for the accuracy of any statements contained herein.
1.1.2 Safety Precautions – Static Electricity
Follow instructions below to protect yourself from harm and the products from damage:
1.
Be sure you are at an ESD workstation, or grounded with an ESD strap before
opening the top cover or installing/removing any unit accessible from the outside.
Doing so will discharge any static electricity that might have built up in your body.
The SKY-8100 supports an ESC Ground lug for grounding of service and other
technical staff at location B (see Section 2.4.2 for location).
2.
Don’t touch any components inside the system while the system is on.
3.
Disconnect power before making any configuration changes. The sudden rush of
power as you connect a jumper or install a card may damage sensitive electronic
components.
4.
When unpacking a static-sensitive component from its shipping carton, do not
remove the component's antistatic packing material until you are ready to install
the component in the unit.
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5.
When transporting any electrical component, first place it in an antistatic
container or packaging.
1.2 Unpacking
Please check the delivery for completeness as you open the carton carefully. If
any of the items listed in Table 1-1 is missing or damaged, please contact your
Advantech representative.
For maximum protection during shipments, the SKY-8100 is packaged inside a double
carton, collectively referred to as the “box” in the remainder of this document.
When opening the box, you will find the SKY-8100 embedded in protective foam and
the accessory box embedded to the foam. Remove the accessory box first and then
pull out the unit including the protective foam using both hands. Now, remove the foam
and the plastic sleeve on the unit.
After unpacking the unit, please check for any visible damage of the unit and contact
your Advantech representative in case of any issue.
Please note that unless agreed otherwise power cords need to be ordered separately.
Please refer to Section 2.2.4 for ordering information.
Table 1-1: Packaging List
Item
Qty.
Image
Description
Server
SKY-8100
1
1U Server based on Intel XeonTM –D
HDD Screw
Set
1
Screws (16pcs) for 2.5” drive mounting
Grounding
Screw Set
1
Screws (2pcs) for ground lug
Mounting Ear
& Handle Set
1
Mounting ears incl. handles for rack
mounting
Mounting Ear
Screw Set
1
Screws (8pcs) for mounting the ears on
the chassis
Slide Rail
1
20-inch server slide
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1.3 Installation and Configuration
The SKY-8100 comes as a pre-configured system with CPUs, memory and peripherals
installed in the unit. In the rare case that you procured a barebone system or need to
install components in the SKY-8100 for any other reason, please refer to Section 4.
1.3.1 Rack Mounting
The SKY-8100 server is designed to be installed in a standard 19-inch rack. Please
follow the basic guidelines below for rack mounting:
Mount the mounting ears on the each side of the unit using the screws included.
Note!
You need:
- A PH2 screw driver
Locate the threaded mount holes on the chassis on the side, close to the front
panel.
Figure 1-1: Mounting Ear Thread Holes
Place the mounting ear over the holes and insert the three screws. Do not tighten
the screws immediately.
Figure 1-2: Mounting Ear Screws Inserted but Not Fastened Yet
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After all screws have been inserted, hand tighten them using a PH2 screw driver to
ensure secure installation. Ensure the rack is adequate for the unit (weight) and the
application.
Use the mounting hardware recommended by the rack manufacturer to mount the unit
in the rack. For mounting screws, compatible with the rack design, must be used
and hand tightened to ensure secure installation.
While Advantech does not supply support brackets, slide rails are available for
separate order. Please refer to Section 2.6 for options. Choose a mounting location
where all four mounting holes line up with those of the mounting bars of the 19-inch
cabinet.
Choose a mounting location that does not block any air inlet and air outlet areas of
the unit, it is also recommended to factor in heat generated by adjacent equipment
and to avoid exposure to direct sunlight when mounting the unit. If installed in a closed
or multi- unit rack assembly, the operating ambient temperature of the rack
environment may be greater than room ambient. Therefore, consideration should be
given to installing the equipment in an environment compatible with the maximum
recommended ambient temperature per Section 2.3.
Route cables away from power lines, fluorescent lighting fixtures and sources of noise.
Make sure that cables do not block air inlet and outlet areas. Reliable grounding of
rack-mounted equipment must be maintained.
1.3.2 Powering On
Caution!
Before connecting the SKY-8100 to the power outlet, please make sure that
the power rating of the outlet and the SKY-8100’s PSU match. Please also
make sure that the primary circuit and all power distribution in not overloaded.
Inrush current and steady state power specifications for the SKY-8100 can be
found in Appendix C as well as the type label on the bottom of the unit.
Connect the power cords to the PSU modules first and then to the power outlets.
The unit will automatically power on after power is supplied. The green LED on the front
panel should be lit as the unit is under power.
Please refer to Section 2.3.3 for the location of front and rear panel elements.
1.3.3 Connecting to Monitor, Keyboard and Mouse
The SKY-8100 supports a VGA port and two USB ports at the rear of the unit for
connection of a monitor, keyboard and mouse. Please refer to Section 2.4.2 for
information on the location of the related connectors.
1.3.4 Connecting to the Serial Console
The SKY-8100 supports the operation via a serial terminal connection by default for
scenarios where a directly attached monitor, keyboard and mouse are not available or
not desirable. In this configuration, BIOS output as well as OS output are provided via
a serial terminal connection.
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Note!
Console is used for console redirection. This interface is available both at the
front as well as the rear side of the unit. Please make sure you only connect to
one of the two connectors as they are for alternate use, only.
The remainder of this section describes how to configure PuTTY on a Windows
platform for connection with the SKY-8100 serial console as a reference. Other
terminal programs may be used in a similar way as well.
Open up PuTTY and begin the configuration as shown below. Please use the
actual COM port’s number on the client machine instead of “Console”.
1.
Specify “Console” under serial line and “115200” for speed, no parity, no flow
control.
2.
Check Serial for connection type.
3.
Check “VT100+” for keypad in the keyboard submenu.
4.
Check “Colour” or “Both” for “Indicate bolded text” in the colours submenu.
5.
Click the “Open” button and a PuTTY terminal screen will appear.
Figure 1-3: PuTTY Session Configuration
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Figure 1-4: PuTTY Serial Configuration
Figure 1-5: PuTTY Keyboard Settings
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Figure 1-6: PuTTY Colour Settings
If the connection is successful you should be able to see the BIOS Power On (POST)
screen after powering the unit:
Figure 1-7: BIOS POST Screen
Note!
Please note that the BIOS is doing some initial start up work while the console
is still not active. It may take a while until the BIOS POST screen appears. On
the other hand, the BIOS has been optimized for minimum boot time. The
BIOS will move through POST quickly and immediately try to boot an OS
according to the selected boot options in the BIOS.
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In case you would extend the time the BIOS displays the POST screen and waits for a
key press to enter the setup menu, you can do so via the BIOS setup menu. Please
refer to Section 3.2 for details.
1.3.5 Installing an OS
Several options are available for OS installation:
-
System comes with a preinstalled OS
-
Install an image from a USB key
-
Install an OS via network boot.
If you use Advantech’s services to pre-install an OS, you can skip the following section.
1.3.5.1 Pre-Installed reference OS
If you receive this manual along with a sample unit, the system will have a reference
OS installed by default. The unit will be ready to boot the reference OS from the mass
storage option selected.
1.3.5.2 Installing and/or boot an OS from a USB key
To boot from a USB stick:
1.
Create a Live USB stick using LiLi (available via http://www.linuxliveusb.com/) or a
similar tool. If you want to use a serial console, please make sure to configure the
Linux properly (115200bd, 8N1, no handshake). Enabling serial support in the
Linux bootloader (grub or similar) as well as kernel debug messages via serial
console may be valuable for potential troubleshooting.
2.
Install the USB stick in one of the front ports. Make sure you have a serial console
connection established via tools such as PuTTY as described earlier.
3.
Power on the server.
4.
The boot priority in the SKY-8100’s BIOS is giving SATA devices higher priority
than USB devices. This is a safety measure to avoid that any end user can tamper
the unit when installed in the field with a bootable USB stick. So, in order to boot
from the USB stick, you need to enter BIOS setup.
In BIOS setup menu, move to the “Boot” menu. You can either give the USB stick
higher boot priority over SATA devices. Alternatively, you can select the USB stick in the
“Boot Override” Menu. Boot Override will modify the boot order for a single boot
process only and will automatically revert back to the original boot priority. After making
these changes leave the Setup Menu via “Save&Exit”.
This will restart the server and it will boot from the USB stick.
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1.3.5.3 Installing an OS via network boot
To install an OS via network, basically works the same way as booting an OS via USB
stick described above.
The main difference is that instead of a Linux live image you need to install a network
installer / a network installable image on the USB key. Network Installers or network
installable iso images are available for most Linux distributions such as RedHat, Debian,
Ubuntu and CentOS. For detailed information, please refer to the documentation of the
related network installer and / or Linux distribution.
Please make sure you configure the network installer image properly for the Ethernet
port / device of the SKY-8100 that you plan to use for the installation.
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1.3.5.4 Booting an OS via network boot
The SKY-8100 supports booting over network via PXE.
To boot an OS via network, please make sure the following BIOS options In the
Advanced: Network Stack Configuration Menu is configured properly:
Table 1-2: PXE BIOS Options
Network
Stack
Enabled
Enables the UEFI Network Stack
IPv4 PXE
Support
Enabled
Disabled
Enabled if PXE booting in an IPv4 network Disabled
otherwise
IPv6 PXE
Support
Enabled
Disabled
Enabled if PXE booting in an IPv6 network Disabled
otherwise
PXE boot usually does not allow for OS installation over network as the PXE client will
only load a single file from the boot server. Similarly, booting Linux over network is
usually a two stage process. In the first step, a boot loader such a grub or mini OS such
as SysLinux are loaded via PXE from the boot server. The boot loader or miniOS then
load the actual target OS which usually consists of multiple files which decompressed
and installed into a RAM disk. The detailed process and required configuration of such
network install will heavily depend on the target OS and boot loader / miniOS used.
Please refer to the related documentation available.
PXE boot requires a DHCP server and a TFTP server in the network to complete.
DHCP Server and TFTP server are commonly run on the same machine and
collectively referred to as “boot server”. Setting up such a boot server implies a couple
of steps. How-to guides for setting up Linux as PXE boot server are available on the
internet,
e.g. https://www.debian-administration.org/article/478/Setting up a server for PXE
network booting.
Caution!
Please note that it is recommended to setup a separate network / subnet for
network booting as the DHCP required for PXE booting may conflict with
existing DHCP servers in your network.
Note!
The PXE client in the SKY-8100 sends the system’s GUID as part of the
DHCP Request. Some boot servers have mechanisms to automatically
configure the target OS image based on the client system’s GUID. Using this
mechanism allows to use the same boot server for network booting of different
devices / servers.
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1.4 Getting Help: Technical Support and Assistance
In case the unit you received is a sample for evaluation, please contact your Advantech
representative. For production units, please follow the process below:
1.
Visit the Advantech web site at http://www.advantech.com/support to find the latest
information about the SKY-8100 and related products.
2.
Contact your distributor, sales representative, or Advantech’s customer service
center for technical support if you need additional assistance. Worldwide contact
information can be found on http://www.advantech.com.
3.
Please have the following information ready before you call / be sure to
include this information in your email:
4.
-
Product name and serial number
-
Description of your peripheral attachments
-
Description of firmware and software versions installed on the product
-
A complete description of the problem
-
The exact wording of any error messages
In case the unit needs to be send back for repair, please refer to Appendix E for
instructions.
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Chapter
2
Product Specification
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2.1 Overview
The Advantech SKY-8100 is a highly configurable carrier-grade server designed to
balance the best in x86 server-class processing performance with maximum I/O and
offload density in a 20" depth chassis. The system is a cost effective, highly available
platform optimized to meet next-generation networking equipment needs. It is
specifically designed for industry leading offload and acceleration technology is
essential. The power and cooling options along with the streamlined mechanical design
make it ideal for Digital Signal Processing.
Architected around single 5th Intel Xeon Pentium & XeonR D series processors, the
SKY-8100 combines cutting-edge performance with the ruggedness, reliability, and
long system life cycles required by networking equipment providers. The system
supports single Intel Pentium D1503/D1507/D1517, Intel Xeon D-1518, Xeon
D-1528, Xeon D-1537, Xeon D-1548 and memory max capacity up to 128GB with 4
DIMM sockets.
The system provides hot-swappable and redundant 650W power supply modules, 4
sets of hot-swappable fans, 2 hot-swappable hard disk drives, and 2 FH/FL PCIe
expansion slots.
A management card provides 4 GbE Ethernet ports, 2 10GE ports, 2 USB and a TAM
alarm module connector. The SKY-8100 is designed for NEBS Level 3 carrier grade
environments and where limited rack space is available. Interoperability testing is
performed with a wide selection of third-party PCIe card vendors.
Figure 2-1: Carrier Grade Server SKY-8100
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2.2 SKY-8100 System Architecture
This section describes the system architecture and functionality of SKY-8100.
Figure 錯誤! 所指定的樣式的文字不存在文件中。-2 SKY-8100 System Architecture
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2.2.1 SKY-8100 Board List
This section contains a summary of PCBA list in SKY-8100 1U system.
Table 2-1: PCBA List for SKY-8100 System
PCBA
Function
PCB Color / Layers
NAMB-3260MB
Main Board. Includes Major CPU and
Chipset Design.
Green / 10
GSMB-3010PRC
PCIe Riser Card. Provides Two
Expansion PCIe x8 Slots
Green / 8
GSMB-3010FCB
Fan Connection Board. Fan Module
Control Use.
Green / 8
GSMB-3010IOB
I/O Board. Provides One USB3.0
and Console Port.
Green / 4
GSMB-3010LED
LED Board. Provides System Status
Indication.
Green / 4
2.2.2 SKY-8100MB Hardware Specification
Below is a high level definition of the enclosure requirements.
Table 2-2: Major Specification of SKY-8100MB
Component
Qty
Model
Function
1
Intel Broadwell-DE SoC
TDP: 65W (Max.)
DDR4 Memory
4
ECC/Non-ECC UDIMM
ECC RDIMM
2 Channel, 2DIMM /
Channel, spport DDR4
2400, 2133, 1866
Frequencies Memory
PCIe Support
1
High-Speed Connector
with PCIe x16
Provides PCIe Gen3 x16
Lanes Expansion to PCIe
Riser Card
Processor

SATA Support
4
SATA Interface


I/O Portion
System Rear I/O
Interface



SKY-8100 Manual V04 20161115
Two SATA
Connectors
Two M.2 Sockets
Six RJ-45 GbE LAN
Ports
Two 10 GbE SFP+
Ports
Dual USB 3.0
Connector
One Console by RJ-45
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Page 30
2.2.3 SKY-8100MB Hardware Functions
The following table shows the major functions of mainboard SKY-8100MB.
Table 2-3: Summary of SKY-8100MB

Processor




DDR4 Memory


PCIe Expansion Slot
Storage
PCIe Gen3 x16 Gold Finger to PCIe Riser Card
for PCIe Expansion

Support 2 x SATA Gen3 Connectors
Support 2 x M.2 Sockets



10 GbE SFP+
Hardware Monitor
LOM Module Connection
TPM Module Connection
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Memory Controller Integrated in SoC
Support Four DIMMS, Two Channels, Two DIMM
/ Channel
Support DDR4 1866/2133/2400 ECC/non-ECC
RDIMM/UDIMM
Support Single/Dual Rank Memory

USB
GbE RJ-45 LAN
Intel® Xeon® Processor D-1500 Product Family
SoC, on Board
Integrated Memory Controller and PCI Express
Controller
Package: FC-BGA, 1667 Balls
Support 1 x USB 3.0 Port by Pin Header to Front
USB3.0 Expansion.
Support 2 x USB 3.0 Stack Connector for Rear I/O.

Up to Six GbE LAN Port, and One with
Management Function

Support Two 10 GbE SFP+ Fiber Optics

NuvoTon NCT7904D Hardware Monitor Chip
Support Intel PECI 3.0


Provides BMC Module Connection for System
Management Support

Provides Infineon SLB9660TT1.2 / SLB9665TT2.0
Module Connection
Copyright 2016 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page 31
2.2.4 Product Versions
The SKY-8100 is available in the following standard configurations. Contact your
Advantech representative for availability of other configuration options.
Table 2-4: Available Product Versions
Model Name
Configurations
SKY-8100AS-0000E
1U HPS w GSMB-3010/Xeon-D 1548 8C/STD AC/PCIEx8
SKY-8100BS-0000E
1U HPS w GSMB-3010/Xeon-D 1508 2C/STD AC/PCIEx8
SKY-8100CS-0000E
1U HPS w GSMB-3010/Xeon-D 1527 4C/STD AC/PCIEx8
SKY-8100DS-0000E
1U HPS w GSMB-3010/Xeon-D 1528 6C/STD AC/PCIEx8
SKY-8100AS-0001E
1U HPS w GSMB-3010/Xeon-D 1548 8C/STD DC/PCIEx8
SKY-8100BS-0001E
1U HPS w GSMB-3010/Xeon-D 1508 2C/STD DC/PCIEx8
SKY-8100CS-0001E
1U HPS w GSMB-3010/Xeon-D 1527 4C/STD DC/PCIEx8
SKY-8100DS-0001E
1U HPS w GSMB-3010/Xeon-D 1528 6C/STD DC/PCIEx8
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2.3 Technical Specifications
2.3.1 System Dimensions
The system dimensions (in mm) are shown below:
Dimension (W x D x H): 430W x 508D x 44.3H mm (16.9” x 20” x 1.74”)
Figure 2-3: System Dimensions
2.3.2 Regulatory Compliance
The Advantech SKY-8100 meets the specifications and regulations for safety and EMC
defined in this chapter. Please contact your Advantech representative for a copy of the
declaration of conformity or detailed test reports.
2.3.2.1 Safety
Table 2-5: Applicable Safety Regulations
USA / Canada UL 60950-1 2nd CEdition /CSA C22.2 No. 60950-1-07 2nd Edition
Europe
Low Voltage Directive, 2006/95/EC Safety Directive, 2001/95/EC
International
CB Certificate and Report to IEC60950-1, 2nd Edition and all
international Deviations
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2.3.2.2 Electromagnetic Compatibility
Table 2-6: Applicable EMC Regulations
USA
FCC 47 CFR Parts 15, Verified Class A Limit
Canada
ICES-003 Class A Limit




Europe






EMC Directive, 2004/108/EC
EN55022, Class A Limit, Radiated & Conducted Emissions
EN55024 Immunity Characteristics for ITE
EN61000-4-2 ESD Immunity
EN61000-4-3 Radiated Immunity
EN61000-4-4 Electrical Fast Transient
EN61000-4-5 Surge
EN61000-4-6 Conducted RF
EN61000-4-8 Power Frequency Magnetic Fields
EN61000-4-11 Voltage Fluctuations
Taiwan
BSMI Approval, CNS 13438, Class A and CNS13436 Safety
International
CISPR 22, Class A Limit, CISPR 24 Immunity
2.3.2.3 CE Mark
The CE marking on this product indicates that it is in compliance with the European
Union EMC Directive 2004/108/EC, Safety Directive 2001/95/EC, Low Voltage
Directive 2006/95/EC, and RoHS (recast) Directive 2011/65/EU.
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2.3.3 Block Diagram
This section describes detail block diagram and functionality of main board. Following
diagram is mainboard block diagram.
Figure 2-4: SKY-8100 Block Diagram
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2.3.4 Processor(s)
The SKY-8100 supports one Intel Xeon-DTM processors. The table below gives an
overview of the Pentium/Xeon-D processor SKUs for communication infrastructure
which can be supported on the SKY-8100.
Table 2-7: Xeon–D SKUs for Communications Infrastructure
Cores /
NEBS
CPU SKU
Frequency / Last DDR4
TDP
Support
Level Cache
10 Year
Reliability
Pentium-D
1508
2C/2.2GHz/3MB
2400(for RDIMM,
not for UDIMM)
25W
no
yes
Xeon-D
1527
4C/2.2GHz/6MB
2400(for RDIMM,
not for UDIMM)
35W
no
yes
Xeon-D
1528
6C/1.9GHz/9MB
2400(for RDIMM,
not for UDIMM)
35W
no
yes
Xeon-D
1548
8C/2.0GHz/12MB
2400(for RDIMM,
not for UDIMM)
45W
no
yes
Information on Pentium/Xeon-D processors supported will be added once launched by
Intel. Other CPU SKUs can be supported on the SKY-8100 but thermal limitations and /
or life cycle restrictions may apply. If you’re interested in the support of other CPU
SKUs, please contact your Advantech representative.
For details on the features of the Xeon-D processors, please refer to documentation
available from Intel.
2.3.5 SoC Feature Details
- Two Channels of DDR4, Two DIMMs per Channel
- Two KX/KX4 (1/10 Gb/s) Ports and Integrated 10 GbE Controller (KR/KX4) on each
channel
-
24 Lanes of PCI Express Gen3, 8 Lanes of PCI Express Gen2
-
Four USB 3.0 Ports, Four USB 2.0 Ports
-
Six SATA Gen 3 Ports
- Two UARTs
-
Power and Thermal Management
-
Reset and Error Reporting
Note!
1. Please note that independent of connectivity to one of the CPU sockets, all
resources can be accessed from both CPUs. However, access from the
connected socket will yield best performance.
2. Please note that the CPUs and DIMMs are located underneath the stiffener
plat as shown in Figure 2-5.
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
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2.3.6 DDR4 Memory System
-
SoC Supports Total 4 DDR4 DIMMs, Two Channels, Two DIMMs per Channel
-
DDR4 Memory Data Transfer Rates of 1600, 1866, 2133 and 2400 MT/s
-
Each channel consists of 64 data and 8 ECC bits
-
DDR4 Standard I/O Voltage of 1.2 V
-
Supports ECC / non-ECC UDIMM and ECC RDIMM
-
Integrated dual SMBus master controllers
The table below summarizes the supported DIMM configurations and related maximum
interface speeds. Maximum transfer supported also depends on the CPU installed.
Please refer to Table2-7 for details.
Table 2-8: Supported Memory Configurations
DIMM
Type
Ranks per
DIMM & Chip
Data Width
Capacity per
DIMM 4Gbit /
8Gbit Chips
Max. Speed With
1 DIMM per
Channel
Max. Speed
With 2 DIMMs
per Channel
RDIMM
Single Rank x4
8GB / 16GB
2133
1866
RDIMM
Single Rank x8
4GB / 8GB
2133
1866
RDIMM
Dual Rank x8
8GB / 16GB
2133
1866
RDIMM
Dual Rank x4
16GB / 32GB
2133
1866
LRDIMM
Quad Rank x4
32GB / 64GB
2133
2133
Figure 2-5: DIMM and CPU Location
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2.3.6.1 DDR4 DIMM Type and Configuration Priorities
Table 2-9: Broadwell-DE Supported DIMM Types Table
DIMM Type
Raw
Card
Organization
A
1Rx8
ECC /
Non-ECC
4GB DDR
Device
8GB DDR
Device
4GB
8GB
8GB
16GB
4GB
8GB
Non-ECC
B
2Rx8
D
1Rx8
UDIMM
ECC
E
2Rx8
8GB
16GB
C
1Rx4
8GB
16GB
D
1Rx8
4GB
8GB
RDIMM
ECC
E
2Rx8
8GB
16GB
A /B
2Rx4
16GB
32GB
A
1Rx8
4GB
8GB
8GB
16GB
4GB
8GB
8GB
16GB
4GB
8GB
8GB
16GB
4GB
8GB
8GB
16GB
4GB
8GB
8GB
16GB
Non-ECC
B
2Rx8
D
1Rx8
SO-DIMM
ECC
G
2Rx8
G
1Rx8
VLP-RDIMM
ECC
H
2Rx8
1Rx8
Non-ECC
2Rx8
VLP-UDIMM
1Rx8
ECC
2Rx8
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2.3.6.2 DDR4 DIMM Population Configurations
DDR4 All allowed DIMM population configurations for two slots per channel designs
are shown in the following tables. Note that no mixing of x4 and x8 RDIMMs is allowed
and no mixing of single rank (SR) and dual rank (DR) DIMMs is allowed.
Table 2-10: DIMM Configurations Table for Two DIMM Socket per Channel
Style
RDIMM
UDIMM
SODIMM
Frequencies
1N / 2N
DIMM1
DIMM0
1N
Empty
SRx4, SRx8, DRx4, DRx8
1N
SRx4
SRx4
1N
SRx8
SRx8
1N
DRx4
DRx4
1N
DRx8
DRx8
1N
Empty
SRx8, DRx8
2N
SRx8
SRx8
2N
DRx8
DRx8
1N
Empty
SRx8, DRx8
2N
SRx8
SRx8
2N
DRx8
DRx8
DDR4-1600, -1866, -2133, -2400
* max frequency for single DIMM is -2133
Table 2-11: DIMM Configurations Table for One DIMM Socket per Channel
Style
1N / 2N
DIMM0
RDIMM
1N
SRx4, SRx8, DRx4, DRx8
Frequencies
DDR4-1333, -1600, -1866, -2133, -2400
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2.3.6.3 Broadwell-DE DDR4 DIMM Location and SMBus Mapping
Figure 2-6: Broadwell-DE DDR4 DIMM Location on SKY-8100MB
Table 2-12: H/W and Device Address for Two DIMM Socket per Channel
Device Name
H/W Address
Device Address
DDR4 DIMM A0
SA[2:0]=”000”
1010 000x (A0)
DDR4 DIMM A1
SA[2:0]=”001”
1010 001x (A2)
DDR4 DIMM B0
SA[2:0]=”010”
1010 010x (A4)
DDR4 DIMM B1
SA[2:0]=”011”
1010 011x (A6)
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2.3.6.4 Validated Modules
The following list summarizes the modules validated on the SKY-8100:
Table 2-13: Validated DIMMs
Vendor
P/N
Capacity
Speed / Architecture
ADATA
AQD-D4U4GR21-SG
4G
DDR4-2133
ADATA
AQD-D4U16GR21-SE
16G
DDR4-2133
ADATA
AQD-D4U8GR21-SG
8G
DDR4-2133
ADATA
AQD-D4U16E21-SE
16G
DDR4-2133
Samsung
M393A4K40BB1-CRC0Q S
32G
DDR4-2400
Please contact you Advantech representative for the most recent list of validated
peripherals or if you would like to use modules not listed. Other configurations are
available on request.
2.3.7 USB
The SKY-8100 supports four external USB3.0 ports which can be used to connect low,
full and high speed devices. The 5V supply rail supplied to external devices is current
limited by a self resetting, electronic fuse to 500mA.
A fifth USB port is used internally and connected to the BMC to support KVM
(Keyboard / Video / Mouse) redirection.
Table 2-14: USB Ports
USB Port
Implementation
0
Type A rear panel connector
1
Type A rear panel connector
2
Type A front panel connector
3
Type A front panel connector
4
USB header on board
5
USB header on board
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2.3.7.1 Universal Serial Bus (USB) 3.0 Controllers
-
High-speed USB 3.0 Allows Data Transfers Up to 5 Gb/s
- Two Ports to Dual USB Connector, and Two Ports to Pin USB Header for Front I/O
Expansion
USB3.0 x2
Dual USB 3.0
Connector
Broadwell-DE
USB3.0 x2
USB 3.0
Pin Header
Figure 2-7: Broadwell-DE USB3.0 Block Diagram for SKY-8100MB
2.3.7.2 Universal Serial Bus (USB) 2.0 Controllers
-
High-Speed USB 2.0 Allows Data Transfers Up to 480 Mb/s
- Two Ports to Dual USB Connecto
- Two Ports to Pin USB Header for Front I/O Expansion
-
One Port to LOM Connector.
USB2.0 x2
Broadwell-DE
Dual USB 3.0
Connector
USB2.0 x1
USB 3.0
Pin Header
USB2.0 x1
LOM
Connector
Figure 2-8: Broadwell-DE USB2.0 Block Diagram for SKY-8100MB
The USB Host Controller is integrated into the PCH and implements an Enhanced Host
Controller Interface compliant to the EHCI 1.0 Specification. The EHCI supports up to
six USB 3.0 root ports with 2 of these being used on the SKY-8100. The controller
integrates a Rate-Matching Hub to support USB 1.1 devices. Universal Host Controller
and Open Host Controller Interfaces are not supported by the PCH.
Note!
Please note that the BIOS of the SKY-8100 supports disabling the USB
Controller as well as specific USB device classes. Please refer to chapter
BIOS Setup Menu for details.
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
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2.3.8 Serial ATA(SATA) Controller
The PCH has an integrated, AHCI compliant SATA host controller. It supports DMA
operation on up to four ports and supports data transfer rates of up to 6.0Gb/s
(600MB/s). The SATA controller supports two modes of operation—a native mode and
an AHCI mode using memory space.
The SATA ports are implemented per below table on the SKY-8100.
Table 2-15: SATA Ports
PCH Port
Implementation
0
SATA connector 1
1
SATA connector 2
2
M.2 socket (location M1)
3
M.2 socket (location M2)
-
Support Data Transfer Rates of Up to 6.0 Gb/s for All Ports.
-
SATA Controller Contains Two Modes of Operation – a Legacy Mode Using I/O
Space, and an AHCI Mode Using Memory Space.
- Two SATA 3.0 Ports to SATA 7-Pin Connector and Two SATA 3.0 Ports to M.2
Socket
Figure 2-9: Broadwell-DE SATA Block Diagram for SKY-8100MB
Figure 2-10: M.2 SSD
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
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Two M.2 SSDs are supported on the SKY-8100 located at CN17 and CN18 of server
board as shown below.
Figure 2-11: M.2 SSDs’ Locations
The following table summarizes the drives validated on the SKY-8100:
Table 2-16: Validated M.2 SSDs
Vendor
Advantech P/N
Implementation
Transcend
TBD
TS64XBTMM0000A
Transcend
TBD
TS64GMTS400/ TS64ZBTMM0000A
ADATA
TBD
IM2S3138E-128GM-B
PLEXTOR
96FD42-N064-PLG
PX-64G7Ge 64 GB
PLEXTOR
96FD42-N128-PLG
PX-128G7Ge128 GB
PLEXTOR
96FD80-N256-PLG
PX-256G7Ne 256GB
PLEXTOR
96FD80-N512-PLG
PX-512G7Ne 512GB
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2.3.9 PCI Express (PCIe) Gen3 Expansion
The SKY-8100 supports a total of two PCIe extension slots for 2 full height / full length
PCIe cards. Each extension slot supports a PCIex8 gen3 interface.
Figure 2-13: PCIe Cages (Top View)
Advantech supplies power cables for 3pin and 4pin power connectors on PCIe cards
compliant to the PCIe CEM specification. Please refer to Section 2.6.1 for more
information.
-
PCI Express* Port(s) are Fully-Compliant to the PCI Express* Base Specification,
Revision 3.0 (PCIe 3.0)
-
Support for PCI Express* Gen 3 (8.0 GT/s), Gen 2 (5.0 GT/s), and Gen 1 (2.5 GT/s)
-
16 Lanes of PCIe Expansion Gold Finger for General Purpose PCIe Devices
-
PCIe x16 Expansion Signals Can Be Separate to Two x8 Port.
-
Each x8 Port Can Be Negotiated Down to x4, x2, or x1
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
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Figure 2-14: Broadwell-DE PCIe Gen3 Expansion Gold Finger Location on
SKY-8100MB
Caution!
The total power budget available for PCIe cards in NEBS environments is
300W and 600W for non-NEBS environments (SKY-8100H system SKUs).
Although the SKY-8100 has been carefully designed and validated to meet the
PCIe card TDP budgets using worst case add-in card configurations available
to Advantech, a validation and qualification for specific configurations is still
required.
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
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2.3.10 PCI Express Gen2 Root Port
-
Supporting the PCI Express Base Specification, Revision 2.0.
-
One PCIe Gen2 x4 to Intel I350 LAN Controller
- Two PCIe Gen2 x1 to Intel I210 LAN Controller
-
One PCIe Gen1 x1 to LOM Connector (BMC Module)
PCIe 2.0 x4
Broadwell-DE
PCIe 2.0 x2
PCIe 2.0 x1
LAN Controller
I350
LAN Controller
I210
x2
LOM
Connector
Figure 2-15: Broadwell-DE PCIe Express Gen2 Block Diagram for SKY-8100MB
2.3.11 Low Pin Count (LPC) Interface
-
Supporting the LPC 1.1 Specification.
-
Connect to TPM and LOM Connectors.
TPM
Connector
Broadwell-DE
LPC
LOM
Connector
Figure 2-16: Broadwell-DE LPC Block Diagram for NAMB-3260MB
2.3.12 Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI)
-
SPI Interface as an Alternative Interface for the BIOS Flash Device.
-
Support Redundant BIOS.
2.3.13 UART Interface
- Two UART Ports Only Provide Transmit (TXD) and Receiver (RXD) Signals.
-
Default Baud Rate is 115200 and Be Set in BIOS.
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2.3.14 System Management Bus (SMBus 2.0)
-
SMBus Version 2.0 with Additional Support for I2C devices.
-
Each Consists of Two Bi-directional Bus Lines; Serial Data (SDA) Line and Serial
Clock (SCLK) Line.
DDR SMBus
DDR4 DIMM A1
(Addr=0xA2)
Thermal Sensor
(Addr=0x9E)
Riser Card
4
GSMB-3010PRC
LED Driver
(Addr=0x4E)
LED Board
DDR4 DIMM B0
(Addr=0xA4)
I2C Switch
(Addr=0xE2)
DDR4 DIMM B1
(Addr=0xA6)
6
NAMB-3230LED
FRU EEPROM
(Addr=0xAC)
H/W Monitor
(Addr=0x5A)
Fan Board
H/W Monitor
(Addr=0x5A)
I2C to GPIO
(Addr=0x4A)
GSMB-3010FCB
I2C MUX
EXT I2C
(BMC I2C Ch4)
LOM
(AST2400)
SMLink1
Main Board
(Broadwell-DE)
DDR4 DIMM A0
(Addr=0xA0)
0
1
0
1
PCH SMBus
HWM I2C
(BMC I2C Ch2)
PMBus
(BMC I2C Ch1)
NAMB-3260MB
NAMB-3260LOM
IPMB
PSU
Figure 2-17: SKY-8100 System SMBus Block Diagram
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
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2.3.15 Integrated 10GbE Controller
-
Integrated 10GbE Controller Contains Two Independent 10GbE Media Access
Control (MACs)
-
Integrated 10 GbE Controller Supports 10GbE / 1GbE Operations
-
Support an Internal XGMII Interface Link to the Following External Physical Layer
(PHY) Device Interfaces.
KX4 PHY Supports:
-
10GBASE-KX4 for GbE backplane applications (IEEE802.3 clause 71)
-
1000BASE-KX
KR PHY Supports:
-
10GBASE-KR for 10GbE backplane applications (IEEE802.3 clause 72)
-
10GBASE-KR FEC (IEEE 802.3 Clause 74)
-
1000BASE-KX for GbE backplane applications (IEEE802.3 clause 70)
-
Auto-negotiation for backplane Ethernet (IEEE 802.3 Clause 73)
-
10GBASE-KR interface to 10G SFI PHY (Inphi* CS4227)
Figure 2-18: Broadwell-DE Integrated 10GbE Logical Block Diagram
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
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2.3.16 Dual 15 Gbps PHY – Inphi CS4227
2.3.16.1 SFI Interface Feature Details
-
10G Base-KR Auto-Negotiation and Coefficient Training
-
KR FEC
-
16G/8G/4G/2G/1G Fibre Channel Rate Negotiation
Figure 2-19: Broadwell-DE SFP+ Implementation with Inphi CS4227 Block
Diagram
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
Copyright 2016 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
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2.3.17 Quadl Port GbE LAN Controller – Intel I350
Feature Details
-
Supprot PCIe Gen2 (5GT/s)
-
4 Ports (10/100/1000 BaseT Copper, or SerDes to Fiber Modules)
-
PCI Latency Tollerence Reporting (LTR) and DMA Coalescing
-
Virtualization: I/OAT, VMDq (8Qs per port), SR-IOV (PCI SIG complient)
-
Supports IEEE 1588 (TimeSynch) per Packet
Figure 2-20: Broadwell-DE LAN Implementation with Intel I350 Block Diagram
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
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2.3.18 GbE LAN Controller – Intel I210
Feature Details
-
PCIe v2.1 (2.5 GT/s) x1
-
Interrupt Moderation, VLAN support, IP Checksum Offload
-
ECC – Error Correcting Memory in Packet Buffers
-
PXE and iSCSI Boot
Figure 2-21: Broadwell-DE LAN Implementation with Intel I210 Block Diagram
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
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2.3.19 Hardware Monitor Chip – NuvoTon NCT7904D
Feature Details
-
Voltage Monitor
- Temperature Monitor
-
PECI (PLATFORM ENVIRONMENT CONTROL INTERFACE)
- Watch Dog Timer
-
Case Open
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2.4 System Hardware Specification
If a power supply fails, a continuous beep will sound. This alarm may be shut off by
pressing the alarm kill switch on the back of the unit.
Note!
The front cover can be modified on request to accommodate OEM design
requirements.
Figure 2-22: Front View of SKY-8100 (Cover Closed)
Figure 2-22 shows the front view of the SKY-8100 with the front cover in the closed
(up) position.
-
The front LEDs are visible when the front cover is either closed or opened.
-
The front ports are accessible when the front cover is either closed or
opened.
-
The power button is covered when the front cover is closed; preventing an
unintended power on/ off.
Figure 2-23: Front View of SKY-8100 (Cover Opened)
Figure 2-23 shows the front cover open. This provides access to the hard drive bays,
system fans, and power switch.
- The power button is covered when the front cover is closed; preventing an
unintended power on/ off.
- The front cover hinges simplify servicing, reducing the mean time to repair
(MTTR).
- The fan status LEDs show power/normal/failure.
- The front fan modules are easily swappable, allowing convenient servicing.
-
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2.4.1 Front Panel
The descriptions of the front panel are shown in Figure 2-24. All front panel switches
and status LEDs are located on the LED/switch board.
Figure 2-24: Front Panel
Table 2-17: Front Panel List
Item
Description
A
Front LEDs, ports (USB + RS232 console) and buttons (power, ID).
B
Front bezel with replaceable air filter.
C
Front bezel can be removed by opening the thumb screw.
D
2 hot swappable 2.5” HDDs/SSDs.
E
Fan status LED indicating power, normal operation and failure
statuses.
F
Front swappable fan modules allow servicing without opening the top
cover or removing the unit from the rack.
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2.4.1.1 Status LEDs
The SKY-8100 supports an array of status and alarm LEDs on both the front and rear
panels. The LEDs are visible when the front cover is closed as well as when the front
cover is open.
Figure 2-25: Status LEDs (Front Panel)
Table 2-18: Status LEDs
Label
Color
Description
Power Alarm
PWR
Green
In normal mode, this LED indicates normal operation in the
power subsystem. It will turn off in the case of a failure event,
such as a loss of redundancy.
Minor Alarm
MNR
Amber
This LED warns that the platform has a minor system fault but
can still continue to operate. This is defined as any non-critical
BMC sensor event being alerted or the chassis intrusion sensor
being triggered.
Major Alarm
MJR
Red
This LED is not utilized in Advantech’s default configuration. It
is intended for a customer defined function, e.g. to indicate an
application / system software errors.
Critical Alarm
A critical system fault is an error or event that is detected by
the system which has a significant impact to the system. In this
case, the system cannot continue to operate or is operating in
a non redundant power or cooling configuration.
CRT
Red
Conditions that trigger this LED include:






SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
Processor (thermal trips, internal errors, and caches)
Memory (single and multi-bit errors, ECC errors)
Temperature (baseboard and processor temperature)
Fan (failure, speed irregularities)
Voltage (standby, baseboard, and processors)
PSU failure
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Label
Color
Description
Chassis Identification
ID
Blue
This LED will light up when the ID button on the front or rear is
pressed or if activated via the BMC.
System Status
STATUS
Red
This LED will be turned on by the BMC according to the
Platform event filtering rules which can be configured by the
user. The default configuration is that any critical sensor
threshold or critical discrete events (fan failure, power supply
failure) will trigger this LED. It will be cleared automatically
when all critical event conditions have been cleared.
Power
Green
Fan
LEDs
This LED indicates that the unit is powered on. (The Payload
power is on.)
Fan Status LEDs
Green
When lit, these LEDs indicate the normal operation of the fan
module. When off, they indicate a faulty fan module.
Disk Tray Status LEDs
Disk Tray
LEDs
Amber
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
Each disk bay has an integrated disk tray that includes a
handle and locking mechanism, as well as the drive LEDs.
Both of the LEDs show the disk tray status.
Copyright 2016 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
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2.4.2 Rear Panel
Figure 2-26 (shown below) depicts the rear panel of the SKY-8100.
Figure 2-26: Rear Panel
Table 2-19: Rear Panel List
Item Description
A
2 PCIex8 gen3 full height, full length slots.
B
2 grounding sockets for equipment grounding lugs.
C
ALARM, Console, Management LAN and USB connectors.
D
GbE copper ports with optional Advanced LAN Bypass.
E
10Gb SFP+ ports.
F
Hot swappable, redundant AC or DC PSU.
2.4.2.1 Ethernet Connectors
The SKY-8100 supports RJ-45 jacks on the rear panel with two LED indicators, shown
in Figure 2-27. The LED indicators show the status of output transmission.
Figure 2-27: RJ-45 LEDs (Rear Panel)
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Table 2-20: RJ-45 LEDs
LED
LAN1~LAN2 LED
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
Left LED
Right LED
Description
Off
Green
10Mbps Linked
Off
Blinking Green
10Mbps Active
Amber
Green
100Mbps Linked
Amber
Blinking Green
100Mbps Active
Green
Green
1000Mbps Linked
Green
Blinking Green
1000Mbps Active
Off
Off
No Link
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2.4.3 BIOS
The SKY-8100’s BIOS is based on Advantech’s APTIO BIOS and compliant to the UEFI,
SMBIOS and ACPI specifications.
The BIOS performs probing, initialization and configuration of the SKY-8100 and
initializes the OS boot process at the end of POST (Power On Self Test).
Regular BIOS output as well as the setup menu are displayed via VGA or serial
console. Please refer to section 0 reg. the console connection process.
The BIOS Setup Menu is described in detail in Section 3.1. BIOS Error Codes used
during POST are described in appendix 0.
Please note that the SKY-8100 does not have any onboard POST Code LEDs onboard.
POST Codes are logged via the BMC’s POST Code Sensor, though.
All BIOS configuration parameters bare stored in NVRAM, a dedicated section of the
BIOS flash chip. Parameters are no longer stored in legacy CMOS RAM by the platform
BIOS. I.e. BIOS configuration parameters will not be lost due to an empty RTC battery.
2.4.3.1 Password Protection
The BIOS supports and administrator password to restrict access to the BIOS setup
menu to qualified and trusted personal, only.
2.4.3.2 BIOS Defaults
The BIOS comes with a set of configuration parameters when shipped by Advantech
referred to as “Optimized Defaults” or “factory defaults”. The user can change
BIOS settings via the setup menu either temporarily or permanently by saving the
changes as “User defaults”.
The BIOS loads the User defaults automatically if these have been defined via the
setup. If no User defaults have been defined; the BIOS will load the factory defaults.
2.4.3.3 PCIe Tree
The BIOS also performs an enumeration of all PCIe resources, builds a bus/device map
and assigns resources to the PCIe devices. Most OSes perform a reallocation of
resources during start up. However, the PCIe bus/device map will not be changed by
the OS. The table below gives an overview of the PCIe devices and their corresponding
system function:
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Table 2-21: PCIe Devices
PCIe
PCIe VenID :
bus :
DevID
dev : fun
DH89xxCC
PCIe VenID :
DevID
DH89xxCL
Device
Description
B0:D28:Fn
B0:D28:Fn
8086: 0X244E
8086:0x244E
PCIe* Function Subtractive
decode
B0:D28:Fn
B0:D28:Fn
8086: 0x2448
8086:0x2448
PCIe* Function Subtractive
decode
B0:D31:F0
B0:D31:F0
8086: 0x2310
8086:0x2390
LPC Interface
B0:D31:F2
8086:0x2323
8086:0x23A3
SATA Controller #1: AHCI,
supporting 2 ports
B0:D31:F5
8086:0x2326
8086:0x23A6
SATA Controller #2: IDE,
supporting 2 ports
B0:D31:F3
8086:0x2330
8086:0x23B0
SMBus Controller
B0:D31:F6
8086:0x2332
8086:0x23B2
Thermal Subsystem
B0:D29:F0
8086:0x2334
8086:0x2335
8086:0x23B4
8086:0x23B5
USB 2.0 Controller
B0:D28:F0
8086:0X2342
8086:0x2343
8086:0x23C2
8086:0x23C3
PCI-Express Root Port #1
B0:D28:F1
8086:0x2344
8086:0x2345
8086:0x23C4
8086:0x23C5
PCI-Express Root Port #2
B0:D28:F2
8086:0x2346
8086:0x2347
8086:0x23C6
8086:0x23C7
PCI-Express Root Port #3
B0:D28:F3
8086:0x2348
8086:0x2349
8086:0x23C8
8086:0x23C9
PCI-Express Root Port #4
B0:D31:F7
8086:0x2360
8086:0x23E0
WDT Timer for per core
reset
B0:D22:F0
8086:0x2364
8086:0x23E4
Intel® Management Engine
Interface #1 (MEI #1)
B0:D22:F1
8086:0x2365
8086:0x23E5
Intel® Management Engine
Interface #2 (MEI #2)
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2.4.4 Advanced Platform Management
Advanced Platform Management is supported via an integrated BMC running IPMI2.0
compliant system management firmware. Several enhancements have been made to
standard white box server management code to enhance reliability and serviceability of
the system including but not limited to:
- Improved thermal management to cover special scenarios as well as fan degradation
/ failure
- Chassis intrusion and FRU presence detection
- Redundant BMC and BIOS flashes for maximum reliability
- Fail safe BMC and BIOS upgrades using industry standard HPM.1 mechanisms and
tools including automatic rollback on an upgrade failure
- Remote updates of firmware as long as primary power is connected to the unit
- BIOS Watchdog for reliable POST process and improved POST code sensor
- Time synchronization between the BMC and x86 host at startup for consistent event
logs
- System FRU Information synchronization to the host via standard DMI tables
- Large system event log for efficient troubleshooting
- Capability to log system events from the x86 host
- Enhanced security (more information available under NDA)
2.4.4.1 Hardware and Environmental Monitoring
BMC monitors all critical voltages on the SKY-8100:
- Main system voltages (12V, 5V, 3.3V)
- Standby voltages (5V_SB, 3.3V_SB)
- RTC battery
- CPU core and IO voltages
- DRAM voltages
- PCH voltages
Moreover, the following temperatures are supervised:
- Air inlet and outlet temperatures
- CPU temperatures
- DIMM temperatures (if DIMMs used support a temperature sensor)
- PCH temperature
- PSU temperature (via PMBus)
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The diagram below shows the location of the various temperature sensors:
Figure 2-28: Thermal Sensor Locations
Table 2-22: Thermal Sensors
Sensor
Description
Inlet Air
Air Inlet Sensors
CPU
CPU Temperature Sensors (integrated into CPUs)
DIMM
DIMM Temperature Sensors (on DIMMs)
PCH
PCH Temperature (integrated in PCH)
Outlet Air
Air Outlet Sensors
The BMC also monitors the fans:
- Fans on fan modules
- Fans integrated into PSUs (via PMBus)
In addition, the BMC supervises critical status signals
- CPU Error pins
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2.4.4.2 Thermal Management
The system thermals are managed by the BMC using a Smart Fan algorithm. Smart
Fan is a fan control algorithm that provides proper cooling to the system while
minimizing noise and maximizing fan MTBF. The Smart Fan parameters have been
optimized for the SKY-8100 and are automatically loaded at system start time.
The Smart Fan algorithm uses the CPU temperatures as basis as the CPUs are the
hottest elements in the system under normal circumstances. Advanced platform
management introduces a special safe guard mechanism to assure normal operation
under special conditions: Should any other thermal sensor than the CPUs cross an
upper threshold, the BMC will override the Smart Fan control and turn all fans to full on
as long as such special condition applies. Advanced Platform Management takes
similar actions when it detects a fan failure or severe degradation.
Air inlet is through the front cover and the integrated air filter (if present). Three fan
modules, each consisting of two fans soak in the air and push it over the motherboard
as well as the PCIe card cages. Air outlet is through the rear side of the unit.
The PSU modules have integrated fans which provide for independent cooling of the
PSU modules and exhaust air through the rear panel.
Figure 2-29: System Airflow and Fans
All fans are supervised by the BMC for proper operation.
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2.4.5 Power Supplies
The SKY-8100 supports 650W redundant DC and AC power supplies. Technical
specification for the power supply can be found in Appendix C.
2.4.5.1 AC PSU
The system thermals are managed by the BMC using a Smart Fan algorithm. Smart
Fan is a fan control algorithm that provides proper cooling to the system while
minimizing noise and maximizing fan MTBF. The Smart Fan parameters have been
optimized for the SKY-8100 and are automatically
Figure 2-30: AC PSU LED Indications
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2.4.5.2 DC PSU
Figure 2-31: DC PSU LED Indications
2.4.5.3 Protection
The PSU modules have internal protection to avoid damage to the PSU module and the
system. Protection is implemented in two stages: first, a warning is triggered which is
signalled via the PSU LEDs (see below) as well as to Advanced Platform management.
Once a critical threshold has been crossed, the 2nd stage protection will shut down the
main power output of the module, also signalled via PSU LEDs as well as to platform
management.
Table 2-25: PSU Protection Warning and Critical Levels
Item
Warning
Critical
Overvoltage: 12V main
--
13.3V … 14.5V
Overvoltage: 12V Standby
--
13.3V … 14.5V
Over Current / Short Current
--
120%...150%
PSU Inlet temperature
70°C
75°C
Component temperature
95°C
100°C
FAN
2000RPM
1500RPM
After a shut down, the PSU module can be restarted via a cycle of the primary power or
by Advanced Platform Management.
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2.4.6 Product Labelling
The SKY-8100 contains a number of labels that help to identify the product as well as
the MAC addresses used by the system. The type label is placed on the bottom side of
the unit and other labels can be found inside the unit.
Table 2-27: Product Labels
Item
Label
Description
L1
MAC Address for Management Port 0
L2
MAC Address for Management Port 1
L3
MAC Address for BMC
L4
Product Certification Label
L7
Motherboard Serial Number
L8
System Serial Number
L9
Power Warning Label
L10
PSU Labels (PSU specific)
L11
Type Label
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2.4.6.1 Electronic Label: FRU EEPROM
The SKY-8100 supports an onboard FRU EEPROM which can be accessed via the
BMC using IPMI FRU Commands. The FRU EEPROM is compliant to the IPMI
Specification.
root@debian:/home/user# ipmitool fru
FRU Device Description : Builtin FRU Device (ID 0)
Chassis Type
: Main Server Chassis
Chassis Part Number : SKY-8100
Chassis Serial
: TPE1453431
Board Mfg Date
: Mon Jun 1 10:03:00 2015
Board Mfg
: Advantech
Board Product
: SKY-8100
Board Serial
: ESE0190602
Board Part Number
: 9692G301A3E
Product Manufacturer : Advantech
Product Name
: SKY-8100
Product Part Number : SKY-8100
Product Version
: A104-1
Product Serial
: TPE1453431
root@debian:/home/user#
Alternatively, FRU information is also embedded in DMI Tables 1/2/3 and can be
displayed with DMI parsing tools like dmidecode.
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2.5 Advanced Platform Features
2.5.1 Intrusion Detection
The SKY-8100 supports intrusion detection by default. Removing or lifting the top cover
will activate an intrusion detection switch (location IS1). Chassis intrusion will be
signaled via an IPMI event by the BMC.
2.5.2 Watchdogs
The SKY-8100 provides two programmable watchdogs.
The first watchdog is based on intel’s TCO timer and is integrated in the PCH. It may be
used to reset the system in case it bites due to malfunctioning application software to
restore the unit to a known good state. The TCO watchdog timer is supported under
Linux via a kernel driver (iTCO_wdt.ko). Please refer to Linux as well as PCH
documentation should you need more details.
The 2nd watchdog is implemented as an IPMI compliant watchdog timer in the BMC and
supports more sophisticated operation modes such as pre-timeout interrupts. Standard
utilities such as ipmitool can be used for configuring and strobing this watchdog. Please
refer to the IPMI specification for a detailed description of the BMC watchdog features
and operation.
2.6 Available Accessories and Related Products
2.6.1 Accessories
The following accessories are available for ordering. Please contact your Advantech
representative for a list of available and supported peripherals such as memory
modules, hard disks and solid state drives.
Table 2-28: Accessories
Order Number
Description
1702002600-02
Power cable 3P UL/CSA(USA) 125V 10A 1.83M 180D
1702002605-02
Power cable 3P European 10A/16A 250V 1.83M 90D
1702031801
Power cable 3P (UK) 5A-Fuse 183cm
1700000237-01
Power cable 3P PSE 12A 125V 1.83M Japan
1700024871-01
DC power cord 180cm, open
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Chapter
3
BIOS & BMC
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3.1 BIOS Setup Menu
<Section is WiP and not up to date>
This section describes the SKY-8100’s UEFI BIOS based on AMI’s APTIO BIOS.
Users can modify BIOS settings and control the special features of the SKY-8100 using
the BIOS setup menu.
Note!
Please note that Advantech supports shipping the SKY-8100 with custom
BIOS defaults to simplify the deployment and integration for our customers.
Please contact your Advantech representative if you want to receive more
information regarding this service.
The BIOS Setup Menu can be entered via the BIOS POST screen displayed on the
console interface:
Figure 3-1: BIOS POST Screen
BIOS Setup can be entered by hitting <DEL> or <F2> keys during POST.
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The BIOS setup menu screens have a few main elements as shown below. The menu
bar displays the selectable menu pages as tabs. The parameter window displays and
allows configuration of the settings available in a given menu page or a submenu
thereof. Auxiliary text providing information about the selected setup item is displayed in
the top right corner.
Figure 3-2: BIOS Setup Screen Organization
3.2.1 Main Setup Menu
If security protection has been enabled previously (see Section 3.2.4), you will be
prompted for the BIOS password upon entering the BIOS Setup. After a successful
check or if password protection has not been enabled, users will see the Main Setup
screen shown below. Users can always return to the Main setup screen by selecting
the Main tab.
Figure 3-3: BIOS Setup Main Screen
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The main setup page displays system a summary of system and BIOS
configuration and status information. The fields on this page are read-only except
for the System Date and Time setting.
Table 3-1: BIOS Setup: Main Menu
Setup Item
Access /
Options
Description
BIOS Vendor
Display only
American Megatrends
Core Version
Display only
Current AMI BIOS core version
in use
Compliancy
Display only
UEFI Spec revision that the
BIOS complies to
Project Version
Display only
Advantech BIOS Version info
Build Date & Time
Display only
Shows BIOS build date and
time
System
Language
Display only
Selects the Setup Menu
Language. Only English is
supported on the SKY-8100.
System Date
MM/DD/YY
Displays and sets the system
date as used by the BIOS
System Time
HH:MM:SS
Displays and sets the system
time as used by the BIOS
Display Only
Shows the user privilege level
according to the security
settings. If password protection
has not been enabled, this will
default to “Administrator”.
Group
BIOS
Information
Access Level
3.2.1.1 Setting System Time and Date
Use this option to change the system time and date. Highlight System Time or System
Date using the <Arrow> keys. Enter new values through the keyboard. Press the
<Tab> key or the <Arrow> keys to move between fields. The date must be entered in
MM/DD/YY format. The time is entered in HH:MM:SS format.
Note!
Please note that system time and date are set during manufacturing
process according to factory’s local time zone. You may need to update
system time to reflect the desired time zone when you receive the unit.
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3.2.2 Platform Setup Menu
Users can select any of the items in the left frame of the screen, such as the Trusted
Computing Configuration, to go to the sub menu for that item. Users can display an
Advanced BIOS Setup option by highlighting it using the <Arrow> keys.
The Advanced BIOS Setup screen is shown below. The sub menus are described on
the following pages.
Figure 3-4: Platform Setup: Main Screen
3.2.2.1 Serial Console
This sub menu allows you to change the settings used for the serial console.
3.2.2.2 Trusted Computing
Please note that Trusted Computing support is disabled by default in the factory
defaults to save system boot time.
Figure 3-5: Platform Setup: Security Screen
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Table 3-2: Trusted Computing Menu
Group
Current
Status
Information
Setup Item
Access /
Options
Description
Security Device
Support
Enabled
Disabled
Enables or disables the support
for the TPM.
Pending TPM
Operation
Display Only
Shows any pending operations
of the TPM
TPM Status
Display Only
Shows TPM Enablement Status
TPM Active
Status
Display Only
Shows TPM Activation Status
TPM Owner
Display Only
Shows Current TPM Owner
3.2.2.3 USB Configuration
This sub menu allows you to change the settings used for USB.
Figure 3-6: Platform Setup: USB Configuration Menu
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Table 3-3: USB Configuration Menu
Group
None
Setup Item
Access /
Options
Description
USB Support
Enabled
Disabled
Enables / Disables the support for
USB. If disabled, the USB EHCI
controller will not be initialized by the
BIOS.
Legacy USB
Support
Auto
Enabled
Disabled
Enables legacy support over USB to
support Keyboard and Mouse
EHCI Hand-Off
Enabled
Disabled
Controls the hand off of EHCI
ownership from BIOS to OS at
boot time.
Port 60/64
Emulation
Enabled
Disabled
Enables / Disables keyboard
emulation
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3.2.3 Security Setup
The two items “Administrator Password” and “User Password” allow users to
configure the system so that a password after being installed is required each time
the system boots, and/or an attempt is made to enter the Setup program.
Figure 3-7: Security Menu
Note!
1. If ONLY the Administrator's password is set, then this only limits access to
Setup and is only asked for when entering Setup.
2. If ONLY the User's password is set, then this is a power on password and
must be entered to boot or enter Setup. In Setup the User will have
Administrator rights.
3. The password length must be in the following range:
Minimum length: 3
Maximum length: 20
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3.2.4 Save & Exit Menu
The SKY-8100 BIOS allows users to store BIOS configuration results as “User
Defaults.” Users can select “Save as User Defaults” to record all changes which had
been made in previous pages as the default setting for further use.
Figure 3-8: Save & Exit Menu
Table 3-4: Save & Exit Menu Options
Group
Setup Item
Description
Save Changes and Exit
Exit setup after saving the changes. Does
not update User defaults.
Discard Changes and
Exit
Exit setup without saving any changes.
Save Changes and
Reset
Reset system after saving the changes.
Does not update User Defaults.
Discard Changes and
Reset
Reset system without saving the changes.
Save Changes
Save Changes made so far to any of the
setup options.
Discard Changes
Discard Changes made so far to any of the
setup options.
Restore Defaults
Restores the BIOS factory defaults to all the
setup options.
Save as User Defaults
Saves the Current BIOS Settings as User
Defaults.
None
Save
Options
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Group
Setup Item
Description
Save
Options
Restore User Defaults
Restores the User defaults to all the setup
options.
Boot
Override
UEFI: < boot
device>
This option allows you to override the
specified boot order and use a different
boot device for the next boot.
3.3 Firmware Upgrades
Advanced Platform Management allows users to update the SKY-8100’s firmware via
the BMC’s system or LAN interfaces using the HPM.1 protocol and related definitions.
Firmware components supported include the BMC firmware itself as well as the system
BIOS. For improved reliability most updateable components support a backup image
stored in a dedicated, redundant flash chip. The BMC will perform an automatic rollback
in case of an upgrade failure to recover the unit to its previous well known state.
Note!
Please note that the functionality of BMC will be degraded while uploading
BMC firmware. Some functionality including sensor listing, BMC information
etc., will not be available at that time.
There are four components subject to firmware upgrades in the SKY-8100:

Component 0: BMC bootloader

Component 1: BMC application firmware

Component 2: System BIOS

Component 3: BIOS NVRAM
Caution!
Please note that the BMC boot loader is a hardened and minimized firmware
component which is not subject to field updates as it does not support fail safe
updates via rollback capabilities. The upgrade capability of the boot loader is
only intended for factory use. A failing update in the field may leave the unit
dysfunctional and may result in the requirement for on premise service access
and / or RMA.
Ipmitool version xyz or later support HPM.1 firmware updates. This tool is part of all
major Linux distributions.
We recommend that users perform a BMC or BIOS firmware upgrade through IOL
(IPMI over LAN) interface. In such case, BMC IP shall be properly set before
proceeding firmware upgrades. Please refer to SKY-8100 BMC User’s Guide for
details.
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3.3.1 BMC Application
Use the following command to perform a BMC firmware upgrade:
#ipmitool –I lanplus –H <BMC IP> -U administrator –P advantech hpm
upgrade <BMC image> -z 1500
#ipmitool –I lanplus –H <BMC IP> -U administrator –P advantech hpm
activate
After BMC firmware upgrade and activation are done, check the active BMC firmware
version to make sure it is consistent with the upgraded version:
#ipmitool –I lanplus –H <BMC IP> -U administrator –P advantech hpm
check
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Figure 3-9: BMC Application Upgrade
3.3.2 BMC Bootloader
Use the following command to perform a BMC bootloader upgrade:
#ipmitool –I lanplus –H <BMC IP> -U administrator –P advantech hpm
upgrade <BMC
bootloader image> -z 1500
#ipmitool –I lanplus –H <BMC IP> -U administrator –P advantech hpm
activate
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After BMC bootloader upgrade and activation are done, check the active BMC
bootloader version to make sure it is consistent with the upgraded version:
#ipmitool –I lanplus –H <BMC IP> -U administrator –P advantech hpm
check
Figure 3-10: BMC Bootloader Upgrade
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3.3.3 BIOS
Use the following command to perform a BIOS upgrade:
#ipmitool –I lanplus –H <BMC IP> -U administrator –P advantech hpm
upgrade <BIOS image> -z 1500
#ipmitool –I lanplus –H <BMC IP> -U administrator –P advantech hpm
activate
Figure 3-11: BIOS Upgrade
BIOS upgrade requires a reset of the x86 host to take effect. Use the command below
to reboot the system:
#ipmitool –I lanplus –H <BMC IP> -U administrator –P advantech chassis
power cycle
After the system reboot is completed, users may check if the active BIOS version is
consistent with the upgraded BIOS version:
#ipmitool –I lanplus –H <BMC IP> -U administrator –P advantech hpm
check
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Figure 3-12: Check Active BIOS Version
3.3.4 BIOS NVRAM
Use the following command to perform a BIOS NVRAM upgrade:
#ipmitool –I lanplus –H <BMC IP> -U administrator –P advantech hpm
upgrade <BIOS NVRAM image> -z 1500
#ipmitool –I lanplus –H <BMC IP> -U administrator –P advantech hpm
activate
Figure 3-12: BIOS NVRAM Upgrade
BIOS NVRAM upgrade requires a reset of the x86 host to take effect. Use the command
below to reboot the system:
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#ipmitool –I lanplus –H <BMC IP> -U administrator –P advantech chassis
power cycle
After the system reboot is completed, users may check if the active BIOS NVRAM version is
consistent with the upgraded NVRAM version:
#ipmitool –I lanplus –H <BMC IP> -U administrator –P advantech hpm check
Figure 3-13: Check Active BIOS NVRAM Version
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Chapter
4
Setting Up
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4.1 Installing Components
4.1.1 Server Slide
The SKY-8100 is suitable for 20-inch server slide. The SB bracket is for EIA rail with
5/8” pitch and square holes, and can only be mounted behind the rail. You will need to
purchase transfer bracket in order to mount SB bracket on the rail with round holes.
The standard retail packaging shall include one piece of left hand, one piece of right
hand 4 pieces of H-370 screws for ear plate fastening and 2 pieces of H-207 screws for
chassis fastening.
Figure 4-1: Standard Retail Packaging
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4.1.1.1 Remove the Chassis (Inner) Member
Pull the slide open. Then press the trigger down as shown on the drawing, and pull the
chassis (inner) member out.
Figure 4-2: Remove the Inner Chassis
Note!
Extendable front bracket only apply to some Tool-less mode.
4.1.1.2 Mount the Chassis (Inner) Member to the Chassis
You many opt for M4 or M5 pan head screw. The screw head of either M4 or M5 can
not exceed 2.0mm. Alternatively, you may mount the slider member to the chassis
through standoffs. Likewise, the head of stand-off can not exceed 2.0mm. Each side of
chassis is highly suggested to use 3 of screws or standoffs for slide attachment.
Figure 4-3: Mount the Inner Chassis
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4.1.1.3 Attach the Cabinet (Outer) Member to the Rail
Insert the stage into the upper and lower square holes on EIA rail from the back of rail.
Push the safety lock forward to secure the bracket. It is important to check if the safety
lock is in unlocked position before mounting the brackets.
Figure 4-4: Install the Bracket
Figure 4-5: Uninstall the Bracket
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4.1.1.4 Mount the Chassis into the Cabinet
Insert the chassis (inner) member into the cabinet member as shown on the drawing. It
is important to check if the ball retainer is in fully open position before install the
chassis. It might cause catastrophic damage to the chassis if ball retainer is not in fully
open position while mounting the chassis. While you are pushing chassis back to the
cabinet, you need to release the slide from locking position by pressing the trigger
down.
Figure 4-6: Mount the Chassis into the Cabinet
Note!
1. The 100lb-grade SB Tool-less is designed and built for 1U and 2U chassis.
Not recommended for 3U or above applications.
2. Standard screw kit does not apply to chassis which is designed to be screw
mounted.
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After installation or maintenance is finished, you may secure the server by putting
screw through the center hole on bracket.
Figure 4-7: SB Tool-Less Bracket
Note!
SB tool-less bracket is built for EIA bracket with square holes at 5/8” pitch. It
doesn’t work with 1/2” pitch.
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4.1.2 Hard Drive
The SKY-8100 chassis supports up to two hot-swappable hard disk drives, which are
accessible from the front of the chassis, as shown in Figure 4-8, and are accessible
when the front cover is open.
Figure 4-8: Hard Disk Drives
4.1.2.1 Hard Drive Replacement
1.
Loosen the thumb screw (A).
2.
Remove the front bezel from the base chassis.
Figure 4-9: Hard Driver Replacement
3.
Pull out the HDD trays.
Figure 4-10: Hard Driver Replacement
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4.1.2.2 Open the HDD Tray
1.
Push the 2.5” HDD Tray orange lock to the left side to unlock the 2.5” HDD Tray.
Figure 4-11: Unlocked the HDD Tray
2.
Push the block button to eject the 2.5” HDD tray panel.
Figure 4-12: Open the HDD Tray
4.1.2.3 SAS Hard Drive Carriers
2.5” SAS hard drives are mounted in drive trays as shown below:
Figure 4-13: SAS Hard Drive Tray Component
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4.1.3 PCI Riser Card
4.1.3.1 Riser Card Replacement
1.
Loosen the 3 screws shown circled in Figure 4-14.
2.
Push the PCIe bracket to the right and remove the PCIe cards.
Figure 4-14: Riser Card Replacement
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4.1.3.2 Dismounting Cards from the PCIe Component
1.
Loosen the 3 screws shown circled in Figure 4-15.
2.
Remove the PCIe bracket to the right.
3.
Loosen the attachment screws and remove the PCIe cards.
Figure 4-15: Dismounting Cards from the PCIe Component
4.1.3.3 Reassembling the PCIe Component into the Chassis
1.
Carefully reorient the component, and then seat the component into the chassis.
2.
Engage and tighten the 2 rear screws and the 1 top retaining screw.
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4.1.4 Server Board
Figure 4-16: Server Board Layout
4.1.4.1 Memory Card Installation
Insert the DIMM card to the DIMM slot. Press the DIMM card downwards until two side
latches well lock the memory card.
Figure 4-17: (A) Install Memory Card (B) Uninstall Memory Card
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4.1.4.2 mSATA Card Installation
Insert the mSATA module in the connector under an angle of around 45o. The gold contacts
of the module will almost disappear in the connector when the module is fully seated.
Figure 4-18: Install mSATA Card
4.1.5 Filter Replacement
1.
Loosen the thumb screw (A) shown in Figure4-19.
Figure 4-19: Filter Replacement 1
2.
Remove the front bezel containing the filter component from the front panel.
Figure 4-20: Filter Replacement 2
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3.
Loosen the 4 screws on the inside corners of the bezel.
Figure 4-21: Filter Replacement 3
4.
Take out the filter.
Figure 4-22: Filter Replacement 4
4.1.6 Fan Replacement
1.
Loosen the thumb screw (A) shown in Figure 4-23.
Figure 4-23: Fan Replacement 1
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2.
Remove the front bezel from the front panel of the base chassis.
Figure 4-24: Fan Replacement 2
3.
Loosen the screws (B & C) located at the diagonal corners of the fan to be
replaced.
Figure 4-25: Fan Replacement 3
4.
Remove the fan by pulling it straight out of the chassis.
Figure 4-26: Fan Replacement 4
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4.1.7 Power Module Replacement
1. Push the button (A) to the right located on the power module shown circled on
Figure 4-27.
2.
Pull the power module out by holding the handle.
Figure 4-27: Power Module Replacement
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4.2 Replacing FRUs
Please make sure you follow the safety guidelines presented in Section 1.1 when
making changes to the hardware.
Unless otherwise noted in the sections below, removing the power to the unit / putting
the unit out of service is not required.
For instruction on how to remove and install the top cover of the unit please refer to
Section 4.1.6.
4.2.1 Air Filter
Figure 4-28: Air Filter
Note!
You need:
- A replacement air filter
- No special tools
To replace the air filter, flip the front cover open until the hinges are completely open.
You will find the air filter AF2 on the inside of the bezel secured by thumb screws AF1
and AF3.
Figure 4-29: Air Filter Assembly
Caution!
Loosen the thumbscrews until they are fully disengaged and extract the air
filter carefully. Insert the new air filter. Please make sure that the orientation is
the same as shown in the figure above to avoid a mechanical conflict between
the air filter and the thumb screws on the fan modules.
After inserting the air filter, tighten the thumb screws and close the front cover.
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4.2.2 PSU Modules
Figure 4-30: PSU Modules
Note!
You need:
- No special tools
- A spare PSU module
To replace a PSU module, proceed as follows:
1.
Locate the PSU module to be replaced (failing / degraded)
2.
Remove the power cord from the PSU power connector PS3
3.
Grab the PSU handle PS2 and unlock the PSU module by pulling the PSU lock
PS4 to the left
4.
Hold the lock and extract the PSU module towards you.
5.
Insert a new PSU module into the bay. Make sure the module is fully seated.The
lock will flip to the right automatically when the module is seated.
6.
Connect the power cord.
7.
The PSU module should start operation and the PSU Status LED PS6 should turn
blue.
8.
You may want to check the PSU status via Advanced Platform Management and
also clean the System Event Log.
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4.2.3 Disk Drives
4.2.3.1 2.5” HDD
Figure 4-31: 2.5” HDD
Note!
You need:
- A PH2 screw driver
- A standard 2.5” HDD/SSD
To remove the HDD, proceed in the reverse of the installation procedure in Section
4.1.2.
1.
Open the front cover.
2.
Unlock the tray by moving the orange lock to the left. Push the tray’s black button
to open the tray handle.
3.
Grab the tray handle and pull it evenly towards you.
4.
Remove the 2.5” drive mounting screws.
5.
Install a new HDD by following the instructions in Section 4.1.2.
4.2.3.2 mSATA SSD
Note!
You need:
- A PH1 screw driver
- A standard M.2 SSD
- Power down the unit
To remove a M.2 SSD proceed in the reverse of the installation procedure as below:
1.
Remove the top cover and PCIe card cage CG2
2.
Locate the M.2 SSD to be replaced (M1 or M2)
3.
Remove the M.2 mounting screws. Please be sure to hold the last screw as the
spring mechanism in the M.2 connector will flip the M.2 module upwards once the
screw is lose.
4.
Extract the M.2 module
Also refer to Section 4.1.4.2.
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4.2.4 RTC Battery
Note!
You need:
- A BR2032 battery
- Power down the unit
Warning!
- There is the danger of explosion if the battery is replaced incorrectly.
- Replace the battery only with the same or equivalent type specified
above.
- Dispose of used batteries according to the manufacturer's instructions.
To replace the RTC’s battery located at B1 proceed as follows:
1. Remove the left PCIe card cage CG2 as described in Section 4.1.3.
2. Pull the spring clip securing the battery to the side with your finger tip as shown
below. Then extract the battery.
3. Keeping the spring clip pulled towards you, insert the replacement battery.
Caution!
Please make sure you insert the battery in correct polarity with the positive
pole up.
4. Trying to insert the battery with incorrect orientation/polarity will damage the battery
holder. Additional security risks apply as stated above.
5. When the coin cell is seated release the spring clip and control that it moves back
into its original position and that it secures the battery correctly.
6. Reinstall the PCIe card cage and the top cover.
Figure 4-32: Unlocking the Battery
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4.2.5 DIMMs
Note!
The images below have been taken on another platform, not the SKY-8100.
The DIMM density and space constraints on the SKY-8100 do not allow for
images that give a detailed insight into the memory installation process. DIMM
count, color and keying on the images may be different from SKY-8100. Yet,
the same installation process applies.
Note!
You need:
- No special tools
- Power down the unit
As a preparation you need to remove the top cover, PCIe card cages and the stiffener
plate as described earlier.
To replace a DIMM module, basically extract the DIMM module by pushing the DIMM
socket latches outward. As the latches flip completely open, the DIMM module will be
automatically extracted from the socket. Pull the DIMM module out vertically. Refer to
Section 4.1.4.1.
4.2.6 FAN MODULE
Figure 4-33: FAN Module
Note!
You need:
- No special tools
- Power down the unit
To replace a FAN module, you need loosen the thumbscrews until they are fully
disengaged and pull out the fan module carefully. After inserting the new fan modules,
tighten the thumb screws and close the front cover.
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Appendix
A
Connector Pinout and
LED Information
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A.1 Jumpers
Figure A-1: Jumpers on the Server Board
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Table A-1: Server Board Assemblies List
Location
Function
CN1, CN2, CN3,CN4
DDR4 Memory DIMM
CN5
LOM Module Connector
CN6
TPM Module / Port 80 Pin Header
CN7
CPLD JTAG Connector
CN8
Dual Ports 10 GbE SFP+ Connector
CN9
Dual Ports USB3.0 Connector and RJ-45 Console Connector
CN11
2 x 10-Pin Front Panel Connector
CN14
2 x 7-Pin Front Panel Connector (Reserved)
CN16
2-Pin Wafer Connector for Power Button (Reserved)
CN17
M.2 Connector
CN18
M.2 Connector
CN20
External Fan Board Control Pin Header
CN21
Upgrade Pin Header for CPU Power PWM Controller (Debug
Use)
CN23
Quad Ports 1 GbE RJ-45 Connector
CN24
Dual Ports 1 GbE RJ-45 Connector
GF1
PCIe Gen3 x16 Expansion Gold Finger
GF2
Standard PCIe Gen3 x8 Expansion Gold Finger (Reserved)
SATA3, SATA4
Standard SATA 7-Pin Connector
BH1
Battery Holder for Coin Battery
I2C1
Upgrade Pin Header for CS4227 Chipset (Debug Use)
USB1
External USB3.0 Pin Header
SPI1, SPI2
SPI Socket for BIOS
ATXPWR1
Standard ATX 24-Pin Power Connector
ATX12V1
+12V CPU ATX 4-Pin Power Connector
CLS_CMOS1
Clear CMOS Pin Header
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Location
Function
ME_MODE1
ME Mode Select (Flash Descriptor Security) Pin Header
SW2
Management LAN Port Reset Switch
A.2 Connectors
The following connectors and descriptions are defined by Advantech.
A.2.1 LOM Connectors (CN5)
Figure A-2: LOM Connector (CN5)
Table A-2: LOM Connector (CN5) Pin Definitions
Pin Number
Pin Name
Function
1, 7, 12, 25, 32,
35, 38, 41, 44,
63, 68, 69, 74, 75
GND
Ground
2
BMC_PRSTN#
PCH detection for LOM Module Present
3
CLK_33M_LOM
BMC 33 MHz Clock Input
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Pin Number
Pin Name
Function
4
+3.3V
+3.3V Power
5
LPC_FRAME#
LPC Frame Signal
6
LPC_ADD
LPC Address Pin 0
8
LPC_AD1
LPC Address Pin 1
9
LPC_AD3
LPC Address Pin 3
10
LPC_AD2
LPC Address Pin 2
11
PLTRST_LPC#
BMC Platform Reset
13
LPC_SERIRQ#
LPC Serial IRQ Ouput
14
SOL_BMC_RXD
BMC UART RX Signal
15, 22, 54
+3.3V_SB
+3.3V Aux Power
16
SOL_BMC_TXD
BMC UART TX Signal
17
ACPI_S3#
Sleep S3 Signal
18
SOL_BMC_CTS
BMC UART CTS Signal
19
ACPI_S5#
Sleep S5 Signal
20
SOL_BMC_RTS
BMC UART RTS Signal
21
PWRBTN_OUT_B
MC
Power Button Signal (from BMC)
22
+3.3V_SB
+3.3V Aux Power
23
MB_PG
System Power OK Signal
24
EXT_SMBUS_SCL
External SMBus Clock Signal
26
EXT_SMBUS_DAT
External SMBus Data Signal
27
SMBDAT_BMC
BMC SMBus Data Signal
28
EXT_SMBUS_ALE
RT
External SMBus Alert Signal
29
SMBCLK_BMC
BMC SMBus Clock Signal
30
LOM_PS_ON#
Turn off Power Supply from BMC
31
HWM_ALERT#
BMC SMBus Alert Signal
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Pin Number
Pin Name
Function
33
HWM_SMI#
System Management Interrupt from
NCT7904D
34, 36, 37, 39,
40, 42, 43
NC
No Connection
45
COM_SOL_CTRL
BMC UART Switch Signal
46
LOM_RSM_RST#
PCH Resume Reset from BMC
47
SPI_BMC_CLK
BMC SPI Clock Signal
48
SPI_BMC_MOSI
BMC SPI Master Out Slave In Signal
49
SPI_BMC_MISO
BMC SPI Master In Slave Out Signal
52
SPI_BMC_CS0#
BMC SPI Chip Select
50
BOOT_SRC_SEL#
BOIS Boot Select
51
+5V_SB
+5V Aux Power
52
SPI_BMC_CS0#
BMC SPI Chip Select
53
CATERR#_BMC
CATERR# Signal (to BMC)
55
LOM_MEM_HOT#
MEM_HOT# Signal (to BMC)
56
LOM_CLS_CMOS#
Clear CMOS (from BMC)
57
THERMALTRIP#_B
MC
BMC Thermal Trip Signal
58
LOM_INIT#
KBRST# Signal (from BMC)
59
PROCHOT#_BMC
PROCHOT# Signal (to BMC)
60
LOM_HWM_RST#
Reset Hardware Monitor NCT7904D
(from BMC)
61
LOM_CPU_PG
CPU Power Good Signal (to BMC)
62
PWRBTN#_BMC
Power Button Signal (to BMC)
64
RSTBTN#_BMC
Reset Button Signal (to BMC)
65
LOM_PE_CLK_TP
PCIE Clock P
66
ID_BUTTON
ID Button Signal (to BMC)
67
LOM_PE_CLK_TN
PCIE Clock N
70
LOM_PE_TP
PCIE x1 TX+ for LOM Module VGA
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Pin Number
Pin Name
Function
71
LOM_PE_RP
PCIE x1 RX+ for LOM Module VGA
72
LOM_PE_TN
PCIE x1 TX- for LOM Module VGA
73
LOM_PE_RN
PCIE x1 RX- for LOM Module VGA
76
PCH_USB2_P5
USB 2.0 Port 5 P
77
PCH_USB2_P4
USB 2.0 Port 4 P
78
PCH_USB2_N5
USB 2.0 Port 5 N
79
PCH_USB2_N4
USB 2.0 Port 4 N
80
+5V
+5V Power
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A.2.2 The CPLD JTAG Connectors (CN7)
Figure A-3: CPLD JTAG Connector (CN7)
Table A-3: CPLD JTAG Connector (CN7) Pin Definitions
Pin Number
Pin Name
Function
1
JTAG_TCK
Test Clock
2
GND
Ground
3
JTAG_TDO
Test Data Out
4
+3.3V Aux
+3.3V Aux Power
5
JTAG_TMS
Test Mode Select
6
Pull High
Pull High 4.7K to +3.3V Aux
7
NC
No Connection
8
NC
No Connection
9
JTAG_TDI
Test Data In
10
GND
Ground
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A.2.3 The RJ-45 Console Connectors (CN9)
Figure A-4: RJ-45 Console Connector (CN9)
Table A-4: RJ-45 Connector (CN9) Pin Definitions
Pin Number
Pin Name
Function
1
RTS
NC
2
DTR
NC
3
TXD
COM1 Transmitted Data
4
GND
Ground
5
GND
Ground
6
RXD
COM1 Received Data
7
CTS
NC
8
DSR
NC
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A.2.4 The 2x10-Pin Front Panel Connectors (CN11)
Figure A-5: 2x10-Pin Front Panel Connector (CN11)
Table A-5: 2x10-Pin Front Panel Connector (CN11) Pin Definitions
Pin Number
Pin Name
Function
1
+5V
+5V Power
2
+3.3V
+3.3V Power
3
GND
Ground
4
GND
Ground
5
PWRBTN#_FP
Power Button Signal
6
+3.3V Aux
+3.3V Aux Power
7
ID_BUTTON#
ID Button Signal
8
CONN_SMBDAT
SM Bus Data Signal
9
FP_HWM_RST#
Front Panel HW Monitor Chipset Reset
Signal
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Pin Number
Pin Name
Function
10
CONN_SMBCLK
SMBus Clock Signal
11
COM2_TXD
COM2 Transmitted Data
12
COM2_RXD
COM2 Received Data
13
GND
Ground
14
GND
Ground
15
COM1_TXD
COM1 Transmitted Data
16
COM1_RXD
COM1 Received Data
17
NC
No Connection
18
NC
No Connection
19
NC
No Connection
20
NC
No Connection
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A.2.5 The 2x7-Pin Front Panel Connectors (CN14)
Figure A-6: 2x7-Pin Front Panel Connector (CN14)
Table A-6: 2x7-Pin Front Panel Connector (CN14) Pin Definitions
Pin Number
Pin Name
Function
1
+5V
5V Power
2
GND
Ground
3
PWRBTN#_FP
Power Button Signal
4
RSTBTN#_FP
System Reset Signal
5
CONN_SMBDAT
SMBus Data Signal
6
CONN_SMBCLK
SMBus Clock Signal
7
+3.3V_SB
3.3V Aux Power
8
PCH_SATA_LED#
SATA HDD LED Signal
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A.2.6 Power Button Signal Connectors (CN16)
Figure A-7: Power Button Signal Connector (CN16)
Table A-7: Power Button Connector (CN16) Pin Definitions
Pin Number
Pin Name
Function
1
PWRBTN#
Power Button Signal
2
GND
Ground
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A.2.7 The +12V CPU ATX 4-Pin Power Connectors (ATX12V1)
Figure A-8: Power Connector (ATX12V1)
Table A-8: Power Connector (ATX12V1) Pin Definitions
Pin Number
Pin Name
Function
1
GND
Ground
2
GND
Ground
3
12V
12V power for the CPU, AXG and fan
connectors
4
12V
12V power for the CPU, AXG and fan
connectors
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A.3 Pin Headers
The following pin headers and descriptions are defined by Advantech.
A.3.1 TPM Module / Port-80 Pin Header (CN6)
Figure A-9 : TPM Module/Port-80 (CN6)
Table A-9: TPM Module/Port-80 (CN6) Pin Definitions
Pin Number
Pin Name
Function
1
L_FRAME#
LPC Frame Signal
2
GND
Ground
3
LAD0
LPC Address Pin 0
4
CLK
LPC 33 MHz Clock Input
5
LAD1
LPC Address Pin 1
6
SERIRQ
LPC Serial IRQ Ouput
7
LAD2
LPC Address Pin 2
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Pin Number
Pin Name
Function
8
RESET
LPC Reset Input
9
LAD3
LPC Address Pin 3
10
+3.3V
3.3V Power
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A.3.2 External Fan Control Board Pin Header (CN20)
Figure A-10: External Fan Control Board (CN20)
Table A-10: External Fan Control Board (CN20) Pin Definitions
Pin Number
Pin Name
Function
1
+5V
+5V Power
2
+3.3V
+3.3V Power
3
HWM_RST#
External HW Monitor Reset Signal
4
GND
Ground
5
EXT_SMBUS_DATA
External SMBus Data Signal
6
EXT_SMBUS_SCL
External SMBus Clock Signal
7
+3.3V Aux
+3.3V Aux Power
8
GND
Ground
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A.3.3 Pin Header Upgrade for the CPU Power PWM Controller (CN21)
Figure A-11: CPU Power PWM Controller Upgrade (CN21)
Table A-11: CPU Power PWM Controller Upgrade (CN21) Pin Definitions
Pin Number
Pin Name
Function
1
VCORE_SMBCLK
PWM Controller I2C Clock Signal
2
VCORE_SMBDAT
PWM Controller I2C Data Signal
3
GND
Ground
4
NC
No Connection
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A.3.4 Pin Header Upgrade for the CS4227 Chipset (l2C1)
Figure A-12: CS4227 Chipset Upgrade (I2C1)
The Pin Functions Defined for the Pin Header Upgrade for the CS4227 Chipset
Table A-12: CS4227 Chipset Upgrade (I2C1) Pin Definitions
Pin Number
Pin Name
Function
1
VCORE_SMBCLK
CS4227 I2C Data Signal (1.8V)
2
GND
Ground
3
VCORE_SMBDAT
CS4227 I2C Clock Signal (1.8V)
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A.3.5 USB3.0 Pin Header (USB1)
Figure A-13: USB3.0 (USB1)
Table A-13: USB3.0 (USB1) Pin Definitions
Pin Number
Pin Name
Function
1
USB_OC#
USB Port Over Current Signal
2
NC
No Connection
3
USB2_P2
USB2.0 Differential Pair P2
4
NC
No Connection
5
USB2_N2
USB2.0 Differential Pair N2
6
GND
Ground
7
GND
Ground
8
USB3_TXP6
USB3.0 Superspeed Transmitter
Differential Pair P6
9
USB3_TXP5
USB3.0 Superspeed Transmitter
Differential Pair P5
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Pin Number
Pin Name
Function
10
USB3_TXN6
USB3.0 Superspeed Transmitter
Differential Pair N6
11
USB3_TXN5
USB3.0 Superspeed Transmitter
Differential Pair N5
12
GND
Ground
13
GND
Ground
14
USB3_RXP6
USB3.0 Superspeed Receiver Differential
Pair P6
15
USB3_RXP5
USB3.0 Superspeed Receiver Differential
Pair P5
16
USB3_RXN6
USB3.0 Superspeed Receiver Differential
Pair N6
17
USB3_RXN5
USB3.0 Superspeed Receiver Differential
Pair N5
18
+5V
+5V USB Power
19
+5V
+5V USB Power
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A.3.6 Clear CMOS Pin Header (CLS_CMOS1)
Figure A-14: Clear CMOS (CLS_CMOS1)
Table A-14: Clear CMOS (CLS_CMOS1) Pin Definitions
Pin Number
Pin Name
Function
1
NC
No Connection
2
PCH_RTC_RST#
Broadwell-DE SoC Real Time Clock Reset
Signal
3
Pull-Low
Pull-Low 1K to Ground
Table A-15: Jumper Settings for the Clear CMOS
Pin Number
Function
1-2
Normal Operation
2-3
Real Time Clock Reset
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A.3.7 Me Mode Select Pin Header (ME_MODE1)
Figure A-15 : ME Mode Select (ME_MODE1)
Table A-16: ME Mode Select (ME_MODE1) Pin Definitions
Pin Number
Pin Name
Function
1
Pull-High
Pull-High 1K to Power
2
MFG_MODE
Flash Descriptor Security Override
3
NC
No Connect
Table A-17: ME Mode Select (ME_MODE1) Pin Pairing
Pin Pairing
Function
No Pairing
Selected
1-2
Disable Flash Descriptor Security (Default)
2-3
Enable Security Measures Defined in the Flash Descriptor
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A.4 Switch
The following switch functions are defined by Advantech as follows.
A.4.1 LAN Port Reset Switch (SW2)
Figure A-16: LAN Port Reset (SW2)
Table A-18: LAN Port Reset (SW2) Pin Definitions
Pin Number
Pin Name
Function
1
GND
Ground
2
LAN0_RST#
Management LAN Chipset Reset Signal
3
NC
No Connection
Table A-19: LAN Port Reset (SW2) Switch Setting
NO / OFF
Function
ON
Force Management LAN Chipset Reset
OFF
Normal Operation
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Appendix
B
BIOS Post Code
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POST Codes are diagnostic codes sent by the BIOS to IO address 0x80. A POST
adapter needs to be installed in the system to view these POST Codes. Codes not
listed are reserved by AMI.
Table B-1: BOIS POST Codes
POST Code
Description
0x01
Power on. Reset type detection (soft/hard).
0x02
AP initialization before microcode loading
0x03
North Bridge initialization before microcode loading
0x04
South Bridge initialization before microcode loading
0x05
unused
0x06
Microcode loading
0x07
AP initialization after microcode loading
0x08
North Bridge initialization after microcode loading
0x09
South Bridge initialization after microcode loading
0x0A
unused
0x0B
Cache initialization
0x0E
Microcode not found
0x0F
Microcode not loaded
0x10
PEI Core is started
0x11
Pre-memory CPU initialization is started
0x12
Pre-memory CPU initialization (CPU module specific)
0x13
Pre-memory CPU initialization (CPU module specific)
0x14
Pre-memory CPU initialization (CPU module specific)
0x15
Pre-memory North Bridge initialization is started
0x16
Pre-Memory North Bridge initialization (North Bridgemodule
specific)
0x17
Pre-Memory North Bridge initialization (North Bridgemodule
specific)
0x18
Pre-Memory North Bridge initialization (North Bridge module
specific)
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POST Code
Description
0x19
Pre-memory South Bridge initialization is started
0x1A
Pre-memory South Bridge initialization (South Bridge module
specific)
0x1B
Pre-memory South Bridge initialization (South Bridge module
specific)
0x1C
Pre-memory South Bridge initialization (South Bridge module
specific)
0x1D – 0x2A
unused
0x2B
Memory initialization. Serial Presence Detect (SPD) data reading
0x2C
Memory initialization. Memory presence detection
0x2D
Memory initialization. Programming memory timing information
0x2E
Memory initialization. Configuring memory
0x2F
Memory initialization (other).
0x30
Reserved for ASL
0x31
Memory Installed
0x32
CPU post-memory initialization is started
0x33
CPU post-memory initialization. Cache initialization
0x34
CPU post-memory initialization. Application Processor(s) (AP)
initialization
0x35
CPU post-memory initialization. Boot Strap Processor (BSP)
selection
0x36
CPU post-memory initialization. System Management Mode (SMM)
initialization
0x37
Post-Memory North Bridge initialization is started
0x38
Post-Memory North Bridge initialization (North Bridge module
specific)
0x39
Post-Memory North Bridge initialization (North Bridge module
specific)
0x3A
Post-Memory North Bridge initialization (North Bridge module
specific)
0x3B
Post-Memory South Bridge initialization is started
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POST Code
Description
0x3C
Post-Memory South Bridge initialization (South Bridge module
specific)
0x3D
Post-Memory South Bridge initialization (South Bridge module
specific)
0x3E
Post-Memory South Bridge initialization (South Bridge module
specific)
0x3F -0x4E
unused
0x4F
DXE IPL is started
0x50
Memory initialization error. Invalid memory type or incompatible
memory speed
0x51
Memory initialization error. SPD reading has failed
0x52
Memory initialization error. Invalid memory size or memory modules
do not match.
0x53
Memory initialization error. No usable memory detected
0x54
Unspecified memory initialization error.
0x55
Memory not installed
0x56
Invalid CPU type or Speed
0x57
CPU mismatch
0x58
CPU self test failed or possible CPU cache error
0x59
CPU micro-code is not found or micro-code update is failed
0x5A
Internal CPU error
0x5B
reset PPI is not available
0x60
DXE Core is started
0x61
NVRAM initialization
0x62
Installation of the South Bridge Runtime Services
0x63
CPU DXE initialization is started
0x64
CPU DXE initialization (CPU module specific)
0x65
CPU DXE initialization (CPU module specific)
0x66
CPU DXE initialization (CPU module specific)
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POST Code
Description
0x67
CPU DXE initialization (CPU module specific)
0x68
PCI host bridge initialization
0x69
North Bridge DXE initialization is started
0x6A
North Bridge DXE SMM initialization is started
0x6B
North Bridge DXE initialization (North Bridge module specific)
0x6C
North Bridge DXE initialization (North Bridge module specific)
0x6D
North Bridge DXE initialization (North Bridge module specific)
0x6E
North Bridge DXE initialization (North Bridge module specific)
0x6F
North Bridge DXE initialization (North Bridge module specific)
0x70
South Bridge DXE initialization is started
0x71
South Bridge DXE SMM initialization is started
0x72
South Bridge devices initialization
0x72
South Bridge DXE Initialization (South Bridge module specific)
0x73
South Bridge DXE Initialization (South Bridge module specific)
0x74
South Bridge DXE Initialization (South Bridge module specific)
0x75
South Bridge DXE Initialization (South Bridge module specific)
0x76
South Bridge DXE Initialization (South Bridge module specific)
0x77
South Bridge DXE Initialization (South Bridge module specific)
0x78
ACPI module initialization
0x79
CSM initialization
0x80 – 0x8F
unused
0x90
Boot Device Selection (BDS) phase is started
0x91
Driver connecting is started
0x92
PCI Bus initialization is started
0x93
PCI Bus Hot Plug Controller Initialization
0x94
PCI Bus Enumeration
0x95
PCI Bus Request Resources
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POST Code
Description
0x96
PCI Bus Assign Resources
0x97
Console Output devices connect
0x98
Console input devices connect
0x99
Super IO Initialization
0x9A
USB initialization is started
0x9B
USB Reset
0x9C
USB Detect
0x9D
USB Enable
0xA0
IDE initialization is started
0xA1
IDE Reset
0xA2
IDE Detect
0xA3
IDE Enable
0xA4
SCSI initialization is started
0xA5
SCSI Reset
0xA6
SCSI Detect
0xA7
SCSI Enable
0xA8
Setup Verifying Password
0xA9
Start of Setup
0xAA
Reserved for ASL
0xAB
Setup Input Wait
0xAC
Reserved for ASL
0xAD
Ready To Boot event
0xAE
Legacy Boot event
0xAF
Exit Boot Services event
0xB0
Runtime Set Virtual Address MAP Begin
0xB1
Runtime Set Virtual Address MAP End
0XB2
Legacy Option ROM Initialization
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POST Code
Description
0xB3
System Reset
0XB4
USB hot plug
0xB5
PCI bus hot plug
0xB6
Clean-up of NVRAM
0xB7
Configuration Reset (reset of NVRAM settings)
0xC0 – 0xCF
unused
0xD0
CPU initialization error
0xD1
North Bridge initialization error
0xD2
South Bridge initialization error
0xD3
Some of the Architectural Protocols are not available
0xD4
PCI resource allocation error. Out of Resources
0xD5
No Space for Legacy Option ROM
0xD6
No Console Output Devices are found
0xD7
No Console Input Devices are found
0xD8
Invalid password
0xD9
Error loading Boot Option (LoadImage returned error)
0xDA
Boot Option is failed (StartImage returned error)
0xDB
Flash update is failed
0xDC
Reset protocol is not available
0XE0
S3 Resume is stared (S3 Resume PPI is called by the DXE IPL)
0xE1
S3 Boot Script execution
0xE2
Video repost
0xE3
OS S3 wake vector call
0xE8
S3 Resume Failed
0xE9
S3 Resume PPI not Found
0xEA
S3 Resume Boot Script Error
0xEB
S3 OS Wake Error
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
Copyright 2016 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
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POST Code
Description
0xF0 – 0xF4
unused
0xf8 – 0xFA
unused
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
Copyright 2016 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page 138
Appendix
C
Power Supply
Specification
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
Copyright 2016 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page 139
The SKY-8100 is available with different power supply options. The specifications for
the available power supplies on the standard product SKUs are listed below. Please
consult your Advantech representative reg. other power supply options.
C.1 Redundant 650W AC PSU
C.1.1 Current Drawn From AC Source
Input Current:
The maximum input current shall be 10A/5A for each input voltage range of Table C-1.
Table C-1: Maximum Input Current
Input Voltage
Input Current
Input Voltage
90 - 264VAC
10 - 5A
90 – 264VAC
190 - 310VDC
5 - 3A
190 – 310VDC
C.1.2 Max Inrush Current Drawn From AC Source
AC Line Inrush:
The maximum AC line inrush current shall be 60A peak at an input voltage of 264VAC.
Inrush current shall be measured at an ambient temperature of 25 deg C after the input
voltage has been removed from the power supply at least for 10 minutes.
C.1.3 Power Supplies Be Configured For Hot Failover
Hot Swap Requirements:
Hot Swapping a power supply is the process of inserting and extracting a power supply
from an operating power system. During this process the output voltages shall remain
within the limits with the capacitive load specified. The hot swap test must be
conducted when the system is operating under static, dynamic and zero loading
conditions. The power supply can be hot swapped by the following method:

Extraction: The power supply may be removed from the system while operating
with PSON# asserted, while in standby mode with PSON# de-asserted or with no
AC applied. No connector damage should occur during un-mating of the power
supply from the power distribution board (PDB).

Insertion: The power supply may be inserted into the system with PSON#
asserted, with PSON# de-asserted or with no AC power present for that supply. No
connector damage should occur due to the mating of the output and input
connector.
In general a failed (of by internal latch or external control) supply may be removed,
then replaced with a good power supply, however, hot swap needs to work with
operational as well as failed power supplies, The newly inserted power supply will be
turned on into standby or Power On mode once inserted.
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
Copyright 2016 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Table C-2: 650W AC Power Supply Specification
YM-2651YA01R
Item
Specification
Input Voltage
90Vrms-264Vrms
AC @ 47Hz-63Hz
Rating
650W
PFC
0.96 @ 230V full load/0.96 @ 230V full
load
Input Current
10~5A
Inrush Current
60A peak @ 264V AC
Hold Up Time
12ms main power
Efficiency
90% @ 20% load @ 230V
94% @ 50% load @ 230V
91% @ 100% load @ 230V
80Plus Platinum Level
MTBF
200,000h @ 100% load @ 25°C without
fan MTBF
100,000h @ 100% load @ 25°C with fan
MTBF
Bell Core TR-322
Safety
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
I.
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
Comment / Conditions
UL 60950-1
CUL
TUV EN60950-1
CB Report
European Union CE Marking
CCC
AS/NZ
Russia
KCC
Copyright 2016 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page 141
C.2 Redundant 650W DC PSU
Table C-3: 650W DC Power Supply Specification
YM-2651WA01R
Item
Specification
Input Voltage
-36V~-72VDC
Rating
650W
Input Current
25~11A
Inrush Current
100A peak @ -48V DC
Hold Up Time
8ms main power
Efficiency
85% @ 100% load @ -48V~-72V DC
MTBF
200,000h @ 100% load @ 25°C (-48VDC)
without fan MTBF
100,000h @ 100% load @ 25°C (-48VDC)
with fan MTBF
Safety
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
EMI
Compliance
EMI, RFI : CISPR CLASS B
Environment
Temperature: 0-50°C operating, -40-80°C
non-operating
Altitude: 0..5km operating, 012km non
operating
Humidy: 20% to 90% relative humidity
non-condensing, over the rated operating
temperature range
Vibration: 0.01G2/Hz at 10Hz, 0.02G2/Hz
at 20Hz operation, 0.02G2/Hz from 20Hz
to 1000Hz non-operation
Shock: 10G operating, 50 non operating
Certifications
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
Comment /
Conditions
-75V peak
Voltage for 1s
Bell Core TR-322
UL 60950-1
CUL
TUV EN60950-1
CB Report
European Union CE Marking
UL 60950-1
CUL
TUV EN60950-1
CB Report
European Union CE Marking
Copyright 2016 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page 142
YM-2651WA01R
Item
Specification
Protection
Input Brown Out Input Surge
Input Transient
Output Over voltage
Output Over current & Short circuit
Thermal
Fan failure
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
Comment /
Conditions
Copyright 2016 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page 143
Appendix
D
Declaration of
Conformity
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
Copyright 2016 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
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The SKY-8100 has been successfully tested for compliance to the regulations below.
Should you need a signed copy of the declaration of conformity or the related test
reports, please contact your Advantech representative.
CE
This product has passed the CE test for environmental specifications when shielded
cables are used for external wiring.
FCC Class A
Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a
Class A digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed
to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is
operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can
radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference
in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his or her own
expense.
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
Copyright 2016 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page 145
Appendix
E
Warranty and RMA
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
Copyright 2016 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Advantech warrants to you, the original purchaser, that each of its products will be free
from defects in materials and workmanship for two years from the date of purchase.
This warranty does not apply to any products which have been repaired or altered
by persons other than repair personnel authorized by Advantech, or which have been
subject to misuse, abuse, accident or improper installation. Advantech assumes no
liability under the terms of this warranty as a consequence of such events.
Because of Advantech’s high quality-control standards and rigorous testing, most of
our customers never need to use our repair service. If an Advantech product is
defective, it will be repaired or replaced at no charge during the warranty period. For
out-of-warranty repairs, you will be billed according to the cost of replacement
materials, service time and freight. Please consult your dealer for more details.
If you think you have a defective product, follow these
steps:
1.
Collect all the information about the problem encountered, for example, Advantech
products used, other hardware and software used, etc. Note anything abnormal
and list any onscreen messages you get when the problem occurs.
2.
Call your dealer and describe the problem. Please have your manual, product,
and any helpful information readily available.
3.
If your product is diagnosed as defective, obtain an RMA (return merchandise
authorization) number from your dealer. This allows us to process your return more
quickly.
4.
Carefully pack the defective product, a fully-completed Repair and Replacement
Order Card and a photocopy proof of purchase date (such as your sales receipt) in
a shippable container. A product returned without proof of the purchase date is not
eligible for warranty service.
5.
Write the RMA number visibly on the outside of the package and ship it prepaid to
your dealer.
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
Copyright 2016 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page 147
Appendix
F
Glossary
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Copyright 2016 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page 148
ACPI
Advanced Configuration and Power Interface
AHCI
Advanced Host Controller Interface
APIC
Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller
BIOS
Basic Input Output System
BMC
Baseboard Management Controller
CPU
Central Processing Unit
EHCI
Enhanced Host Controller Interface
FRU
Field Replaceable Unit
FW
Firmware
GbE
Gigabit Ethernet
HPM
Hardware Platform Management
HWM
Hardware Monitor (chip)
IPMC
Intelligent Platform Management Controller
IPMI
Intelligent Platform Management Interface
LOM
Lights Out Management
MAC
Media Access Control
MTBF
Mean Time Between Failures
NIC
Network Interface Controller
NMC
Network Mezzanine Card
NVRAM
Non-volatile Random Access Memory
OOS
Out Of Service
PCH
Platform Controllers Hub
PCIe
PCI Express
PECI
Platform Environment Control Interface
PCI SIG
PCI Special Interest Group
PICMG
PCI Industrial Computer Manufacturers Group
POST
Power On Self Test
PSU
Power Supply Unit
PXE
Pre-boot Execution Environment
QAT
QuickAssist Technology
QPI
QuickPath Interconnect
RASUM
Reliability, Availability, Serviceability, Usability, Maintainability
RDIMM
Registered DIMM
RMCP
Remote Management Control Protocol
RX
Receive
SAS
Serial Attached SCSI
SKY-8100 Manual V05 20161229
Copyright 2016 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
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www.advantech.com
Please verify specifications before quoting. This guide is intended for reference
purposes only.
All product specifications are subject to change without notice.
No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means,
electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior written
permis-sion of the publisher.
All brand and product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their
respective companies.
© Advantech Co., Ltd. 2016
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Copyright 2016 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
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