LX1790EVAL CLASS-D AUDIO AMPLIFIER EVALUATION BOARD

LX1790EVAL CLASS-D AUDIO AMPLIFIER EVALUATION BOARD
LX1790EVAL CLASS-D AUDIO
AMPLIFIER
EVALUATION BOARD
USER GUIDE
I N T E G R A T E D
Copyright © 2002
Rev 0.2, 3/4/2002
P R O D U C T S
LX1790 EVALUATION BOARD
USER GUIDE
TABLE OF CONTENTS
LX1790 Evaluation Board Features and Circuit Description.......................................................... 3
Input Select
Gain Select
Impedance Select
Output Select
Filter Stage
Breadboard
Quick Start Guide ............................................................................................................................. 5
Evaluation Board Schematic ........................................................................................................... 7
Bill of Materials ................................................................................................................................ 8
Copyright © 2002
Rev 0.2, 3/4/2002
Microsemi
Integrated Products – Power Management
11861 Western Avenue, Garden Grove, CA. 92841, 714-898-8121, Fax: 714-893-2570
Page 2
LX1790 EVALUATION BOARD
USER GUIDE
FEATURES AND CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION
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Fully Assembled Mono Evaluation Board
with LX1790 Class-D Audio Amplifier
Supports hearing aid bandwidth (100Hz 10kHz)
Three gain settings (14dB, 20dB, 26dB)
Three output impedance settings (10Ω,
15Ω, 34Ω)
Optimized to drive 200Ω speaker load
The LX1790 Evaluation Board allows the user to
quickly connect and evaluate the LX1790
Switching Class-D Mono IC. Banana jacks are
provided for power supply connections. A RCA
jack is supplied to input an audio signal, and a BNC
connector is provided for a signal generator input.
A slide switch is provided for easy selection
between the two inputs. A ¼" audio jack is
provided to connect headphones to the amplifier
output. A single-ended, low-pass filtered output is
also available through a BNC connector. This
allows the user to connect the LX1790 output to
either a spectrum analyzer or an oscilloscope.
Breadboard space is also provided on the
evaluation board to offer the user the opportunity to
attach a different filter and/or load.
The Class-D amplifier generates a Pulse Width
Modulated output by controlling FETs that are
connected in a H-Bridge configuration. The full
bridge configuration is connected between the
single supply voltage (VDD) and ground (VSS),
with the output of the bridge driving a speaker or an
equivalent load.
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Banana jacks for power supply connections
RCA jack for audio input
BNC jack for signal generator input
¼" Audio jack for headphone connection
Single-ended output for measurement and
analysis
Because the FETs have an extremely low "on"
resistance and an extremely high "off" resistance,
the majority (95% typical) of the power is delivered
to the load, making it a highly efficient amplifier.
Copyright © 2002
Rev 0.2, 3/4/2002
The only external component required by the
LX1790 is an input AC coupling capacitor. The
evaluation board contains two power supply filter
capacitors, however, these are not mandatory for
operation. The output of the LX1790 can be
directly connected to a speaker.
INPUT SELECT
The Evaluation Board provides two input
connection options: a BNC connector and a RCA
connector. The BNC connector should be used
when inputting a signal from a function generator.
The RCA connector should be used when inputting
a signal from an audio source. A slide switch is
provided to choose between these two input
connectors.
GAIN SELECT
Three different gain settings are available with the
LX1790 amplifier. A slide switch is provided on
the evaluation board to allow the user to choose
between gain settings of 14dB, 20dB, and 26dB.
IMPEDANCE SELECT
Three different output impedances are available
with the LX1790. A slide switch allows users to
choose between an output impedance of 10Ω, 15Ω,
and 34Ω. The higher output impedance settings
reduce current consumption of the LX1790.
OUTPUT SELECT
The LX1790 evaluation board provides a slide
switch that allows the user to choose between three
different output options. When the switch is in the
"Headphone" position, the differential output of the
amplifier is applied directly to the headphone jack.
If the "Single-Ended" option is chosen, the
differential output is converted to a single ended
output with a transformer, and then low-pass
filtered. The "Unloaded" option removes the load
from the amplifier output. This option can be used
if the user wants to connect the amplifier to a
custom load on the breadboard.
Microsemi
Integrated Products – Power Management
11861 Western Avenue, Garden Grove, CA. 92841, 714-898-8121, Fax: 714-893-2570
Page 3
LX1790 EVALUATION BOARD
USER GUIDE
FILTER STAGE
If the single-ended output is chosen, the amplifier
output is connected to a transformer and then to a
first order RC low-pass filter, with a cutoff
frequency of 20kHz. This filter removes the
200kHz switching frequency from the signal.
The differential output of the LX1790 is wired
directly to the breadboard. These signals are
labeled "OUTP" and "OUTN" for the positive and
negative outputs, respectively. The breadboard is
also wired with ground for convenience. A BNC
connector is provided to access the breadboard
output.
BREADBOARD
The LX1790 gives the user the option of
connecting the amplifier to a custom filter and load.
Copyright © 2002
Rev 0.2, 3/4/2002
Microsemi
Integrated Products – Power Management
11861 Western Avenue, Garden Grove, CA. 92841, 714-898-8121, Fax: 714-893-2570
Page 4
LX1790 EVALUATION BOARD
USER GUIDE
QUICK START GUIDE
The LX1790 Evaluation Board is a fully functional,
Class-D Amplifier. To begin evaluation of the
LX1790, just follow these simple steps.
1) Visually inspect the board to make sure that
components were not damaged during
shipping.
2) Power and Ground Connections The power
and ground connections are made through
banana jacks J3 and J4. Connect the positive
terminal of the power supply or battery to J3,
which is labeled "VDD".
Connect the
negative terminal of the supply or battery to
J4, which is labeled "VSS". Make sure the
correct connections are made before turning
on power supply.
3) Input Connection
To input a function generator signal, connect
source to jack J1, labeled "BNC IN". To
input an audio signal, connect source to jack
J2, labeled "RCA IN".
4) Input Selection
If using the BNC jack, set Input Select switch
SW1 to the "BNC" position. If using the
RCA jack, set SW1 to the "RCA" position.
5) Gain Selection
Choose between three gain settings of 14dB,
20dB, and 26dB. Set the Gain Select switch
SW3 to the desired gain setting.
6) Output Impedance Selection
For most Evaluation Board applications, the
Impedance Select switch SW2 should be set
to 10Ω. The other impedance settings reduce
current consumption with the tradeoff of
increasing switch output impedance.
7) Output Select
The "Headphone" setting will directly
connect the differential output of the
amplifier to the headphone jack.
The
"Single-Ended" setting will connect the
differential amplifier output to a transformer
and convert it to a single-ended signal. The
single-ended signal is then low-pass filtered
Copyright © 2002
Rev 0.2, 3/4/2002
with a cutoff frequency of 20kHz. The
output of the low-pass filter is connected to
BNC jack J5. The "Unloaded" setting will
disconnect the amplifier from either load.
8) Output Connection
To listen to the output of the amplifier,
connect headphones to J7, labeled
"Headphone OUT", and verify that the
Output Select is set to "Headphone".
Headphones with a minimum impedance of
150Ω should be used. To view the amplifier
output on either a spectrum analyzer or an
oscilloscope, connect to BNC connector J5,
labeled "Single-Ended OUT", and verify
SW4 is set to "Single-Ended".
9) Breadboard
The differential output signal is directly
available on the breadboard. The positive
output is labeled "OUTP", and the negative
output is labeled "OUTN". The power
supply ground is also available on the
breadboard, and is labeled "GND". BNC
connector J6 is provided to access the
breadboard output, which is labeled
"BREADBOARD OUT".
The positive
output pin of J6 is wired to the breadboard,
and is labeled "BB OUT". When using the
breadboard, make sure the Output Select
switch is set to "Unloaded".
10) Power Source
If using a power supply, verify that it is set to
1.25V before connecting it to the Evaluation
Board. A "C" (1.5V) battery can also be
used.
11) Signal Generator Source
Set the signal generator to the appropriate
level for best results (see table below).
Vin
100mVrms
50mVrms
25mVrms
Gain Setting
14dB
20dB
26dB
Microsemi
Integrated Products – Power Management
11861 Western Avenue, Garden Grove, CA. 92841, 714-898-8121, Fax: 714-893-2570
Page 5
LX1790 EVALUATION BOARD
USER GUIDE
12) Audio Source
Verify that a low level audio source is being
used, and set it to the minimum level. Start
or "play" audio source and adjust volume to
desired level.
Copyright © 2002
Rev 0.2, 3/4/2002
13) Listen
If the LX1790 is not operating properly,
verify the preceding steps or contact
Microsemi MicroPower for technical
assistance (760) 431-5490.
Microsemi
Integrated Products – Power Management
11861 Western Avenue, Garden Grove, CA. 92841, 714-898-8121, Fax: 714-893-2570
Page 6
LX1790 EVALUATION BOARD
USER GUIDE
EVAL SCHEMATIC
Out M
Out P
BNC
1
Breadboard
2
Gain Select
8
7 6
5
Output
Selector
SW3
3 4
20 dB
26 dB
2
14 dB
Single Ended
1
Headphone 4
3
6
2
7
1
8
Unloaded
5
1
6
2
5
3
4
Single Ended
OUT BNC
R1
1
C6
2
Impedence Select
8
7 6
2
4
1
14
2
13
3
12
4
BNC
IN
3
U1 LX1790
15Ω
34Ω
2 3
10Ω
SW2
1
11
5
10
6
9
7
8
J3
C1
1
2
C2
Banana
BNC
C5
RCA
IN
Headphone
OUT
1
5
J4
1
2
RCA
1
2
Banana
3
Input
Select
6
5
4
Figure 1 – Evaluation Board Schematic
Copyright © 2002
Rev 0.2, 3/4/2002
Microsemi
Integrated Products – Power Management
11861 Western Avenue, Garden Grove, CA. 92841, 714-898-8121, Fax: 714-893-2570
Page 7
LX1790 EVALUATION BOARD
USER GUIDE
BILL OF MATERIALS
MISCELLANEOUS COMPONENTS
Line
Item
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Part Description
Class-D Amplifier IC
Banana Jack, Black
Banana Jack, Red
BNC Connector
DPDT Slide Switch
DP3T Slide Switch
RCA Jack, Red
Transformer
14 Pin Cerdip Socket
¼” Stereo Jack
Manufacturer & Part #
MICROSEMI LX1790CN*
MOUSER 164-6218
MOUSER 164-6219
MOUSER 523-31-5486-1010
MOUSER 612-EG2201
MOUSER 612-EG2301
MOUSER 161-0096
MOUSER 42TL016
MOUSER 571-26403574
MOUSER 161-0030
Case
TH
TH
Reference
Designators
Qty
U1
J4
J3
J1, J5, J6
SW1
SW2, SW3, SW4
J2
T1
U1
J7
1
1
1
3
1
3
1
1
1
1
Reference
Designators
Qty
CAPACITORS
Line
Item
1
2
3
Part Description
Part Description
Case
Capacitor, 10µF, Electrolytic
Capacitor, 1nF
Capacitor, 100nF Ceramic
C1
C6
C2, C5
1
1
RESISTORS
Line
Item
1
Part Description
Part Description
Resistor, 5.1kΩ
Case
Reference
Designators
Qty
R1
1
* Evaluation Board contains 1 LX1790CN part, order additional samples separately.
Copyright © 2002
Rev 0.2, 3/4/2002
Microsemi
Integrated Products – Power Management
11861 Western Avenue, Garden Grove, CA. 92841, 714-898-8121, Fax: 714-893-2570
Page 8
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