Before you get started. 1. Check the Performa. 2. Proper use of the

Before you get started. 1. Check the Performa. 2. Proper use of the
Before you get started.
Processor Upgrade
This guide provides installation instructions for Performa products based on
Intel® processors at 100MHz front side bus.
Please follow the instructions carefully to avoid damaging the Performa processor.
The warranty does not cover damage caused by improper installation.
Locate your system manual as a reference to answer specific questions about
your system.
Kit contents:
• Intel Celeron or Pentium III processor, installed on an adapter board
• Heatsink/fan cooler assembly, with clip and pigtail electrical harness
• Installation guide
• Utilities diskette
• Product warranty card
Refer to your system manual for the following information:
• Removing the system cover.
• Specific instructions on processor installation and removal.
• Setting front side bus speed (may be called the “external clock”).
1. Check the Performa.
Figure 1-1
CPU label: A label on the plastic container identifies the processor, its speed,
and cache size. This information will be needed later, so keep it handy.
The data are listed in this order:
• CPU Name
• Cache sizes (L1 and L2)
• Front Side Bus Speed (Maximum)
• CPU Core Speed (Maximum)
• CPU volts
• Manufacture date
Heatsink clip: The heatsink clip passes between the fins of the heatsink.
Notice the ratchet on one arm w hich allows adjustment of arm length and clip
tension (Figure 1-1).
CPU Thermal Pad: A small piece of soft gray tape about 1 inch square is attached
to the bottom of the heatsink. It conducts heat from the CPU to the heatsink.
CPU Gasket: A piece of black tape surrounds the thermal pad on the bottom of
the heatsink. It keeps the heatsink level on top of the CPU.
2. Proper use of the Evergreen Utilities Disk.
Figure 6-1
The Utilities disk contains several programs designed to report system and processor
information, enable caches, and perform other tasks.
• Please install the System Information Utility (Etisysinfo) from the disk as
described below.
• See the Trouble Shooting Guide on the back of the poster for proper use of the
cache enablers.
• Other utilities on the disk are not used for this upgrade.
3. Install Etisysinfo.
Figure 7-1
Before installing the Performa upgrade, please install Etisysinfo. This will be used
to evaluate the speed and cache status of both the existing processor and the
Performa processor.
• Open Windows.
• Insert the Utilities diskette into the floppy drive.
• Use My Computer to open the Evergreen Utilities diskette.
• Double-click the icon Etisysinfo.html * which is a link to the new est version of
Etisysinfo on the Evergreen web site.
• Dow nload the program to the Desktop or to a convenient folder on your hard
• You can run it to evaluate the old processor if you wish.
* If you do not have access to the web, a copy of Etisysinfo is provided on
the Utilities diskette, although it may not be the current version.
4. Open the computer case.
Figure 7-2
‘Ground’ yourself by touching an unpainted metal object such as the system
chassis before working inside the system. Static electricity can damage electronic
Unplug the power cord, and remove the screw s that attach the cover to the
frame. Remove the cover.
5. Detach the original processor’s fan power lead.
The original processor may have a fan. If present, it will be connected to the
motherboard by a power lead. Detach this connector from the motherboard in
preparation for removing the processor.
Figure 8-1
6. Remove the original Slot 1 processor module.
Refer to your system manual for instructions that may be specific to your system.
Otherw ise, follow the general guidelines below:
• Note the tabs on the top corners of the original processor module. Push the
tabs inward toward the center of the module to release the locks (Figure 6-1).
• Grab one side of the module w ith one hand, and the other side with the other
hand. Use a firm, controlled pull upward to lift the module out of the slot.
• It may help to alternately tug a little harder with one hand and then the other
hand to loosen it from the slot. Your effort should not be excessive, and you
should not use any tools.
Figure 9-1
7. Identify the type of Slot 1 rails used in your system.
Pentium II and the Celeron “stick” processors use different types of rails to hold the
processor module in place. Identify which type you have using the illustrations, and
proceed accordingly.
• Pentium II rails (Figure 7-1): Proceed to Step 9 ”Install the upgrade in the
motherboard slot”.
• Celeron “stick” rails (Figure 7-2): You must first remove the upgrade card from
it’s case before installing it in the slot.
Figure 9-2
8. Remove the upgrade card from its case.
Follow this procedure ONLY if your system has Celeron “stick” rails.
• Lay the upgrade card flat on a table, with the fan facing up. Note the two arms
used to hold the card. There is an arm next to each locking tab.
• Hold the fan down with one hand, and gently lift one arm up away from the card
(Figure 8-1). The arm is hinged and will open like a door. Now release the
other arm.
• Once you have both arms released, lift the card upward to release it from the
small pegs that protrude from the case. Slide the card out of the case, being
careful not to damage it.
9. Install the upgrade in the motherboard slot.
Find the notch on the bottom of the upgrade card (Figure 9-1). Use this to
align the card correctly over the slot. The notch prevents you from installing
the card backward.
Push down on the top of the upgrade card so that it is slowly and evenly inserted
into the slot (Figure 9-2). Make sure it is completed seated.
10. Secure the card.
System with Pentium II rails: Push the tabs away from the card until they “click”
into place.
System w ith Celeron “stick” rails: Push down evenly on the top edge of the
card to ensure it is securely inserted into the slot.
11. Connect the fan’s power lead.
Like your original CPU and fan, the Performa upgrade requires power to run the cooling fan.
There is a 3-pin connector w hich must be attached to your motherboard. After you have
seated and locked the upgrade in place, this connector should be attached to the same pins
on the motherboard that were used by the original CPU and fan. Check the orientation of the
black and red fan wires to be sure they are in the same position as the original wires.
If your system does not have this small 3-pin connector for the fan, please contact Evergreen
Technologies to obtain an adapter for connection.
12. Set the front side bus speed to 100MHz.
The Performa processor multiplies the system’s front side bus speed to achieve its speed.
The correct bus speed is 100MHz. If the front side bus is accidentally set to a higher speed,
the processor will run too fast, causing it to overheat and possibly be damaged.
Consult your system manual to find out how to set the front side bus to 100MHz.
This may involve setting motherboard jumpers, BIOS settings, or possibly a combination of
Some systems control the bus speed automatically based on signals from the processor.
These systems provide no manual controls for the bus speed.
13. Check the system and reconnect the power.
After the Performa is installed, it is a very good idea to push home each connector
and card in the system case. One may have jiggled loose as you w orked. It is very hard
to see or feel minor disconnects that can halt the boot process.
If you wish, you may re-install the cover before pow ering on the system, although
most systems do not require that the case be closed in order to run.
Reconnect the power cord and turn the system on.
14. Verify upgrade performance.
Boot the system to Windows.
Run Etisysinfo, and check the status of the CPU Core*, Front Side Bus, L1 Cache and
L2 Cache.
Compare this to the data on the CPU label. If the data match, then the Performa
installation has been successful. If not, consult the Trouble Shooting Guide below.
*Note: Slight differences in frequency from the label data caused by rounding errors are not
significant. For example, a reading of 844 for a 850MHz processor should be ignored.
Trouble Shooting For The Performa
Problems that might be encountered:
• Blank Screen: (nothing appears on the screen except possibly a “no signal” message
from the monitor).
• POST Errors: The boot stops as hardw are is listed on screen.
• Windows Instability: Windows hangs while loading, or as applications are run.
• Performance: The frequency is not correct, a cache is disabled, or the boost in speed
is not apparent.
For blank screen or POST errors.
• Confirm upgrade seating in the card’s socket: Remove the heatsink clip, and lift the
socket lever to full upright. Press down on the edges of the processor board (but NOT
on the small CPU in the center). Keep pressing while re-locking the lever. Re-attach the
heatsink. Slightly loosen then firmly reseat all cards and connections in the system and
test again.
• Confirm front side bus setting: The bus should be set to 100MHz. If the bus is set to
66MHz, 75MHz or some other low er speed, the upgrade will under perform. If the bus
is set to 133MHz or some other higher speed, the upgrade will over-heat. Use motherboard
jumpers or BIOS Setup to set the bus to 100MHz.
• Set the card’s jumpers to defaults: Currently, the jumpers on the card are being set
according to the CPU installed on the card. However, in some cases, it may be best to
use the factory default settings. These are listed below according to the Rev number of
the card (visible in one corner of the card). The VID jumpers are to the right of the
processor and the JP or CN3 jumpers are to the left of the processor.
Caution: VID jumper pins are numbered right to left (3 2 1).
Factory Default Jumper Settings:
Slotket card Rev 3.0:
VID4 = closed (only 2 pins)
VID3 = 2-1
VID2 = 2-1
VID1 = 2-1
VID0 = 2-1
JP1 = open
JP2 = closed
Slotket card Rev 4.01:
VID4 = closed (only 2 pins)
VID3 = 2-1
VID2 = 2-1
VID1 = 2-1
VID0 = 2-1
VID5 = open
CN3: 1-2 closed, 5-7 closed, 6-8 closed,
all others open.
NOTE: Other jumper settings than these may solve boot problems for your system.
Contact Evergreen to obtain these settings.
Update to the newest BIOS provided by the system manufacturer: If you have a name
brand computer, the computer manufacturer’s web site very likely provides BIOS upgrades.
If you have a generic system, the motherboard manual should provide model and
manufacture information. A web search engine may also help you locate system
For Window s instability.
• Windows 95, 98, or ME: If the Autoexec.bat and Config.sys files exist on your system,
try disabling them by changing their names to and Next, try
updating the video and sound card drivers.
• Windows NT and 2000: Install the newest service pack and update to the newest video
and sound drivers.
If these driver changes do not help, review the suggestions for “Blank Screen or POST Errors”
above, which may also improve Window s stability.
For performance problems.
• Wrong speed listed at boot: It is common for systems to mis-identify an upgrade
processor. Therefore, you should ignore w hat is listed on screen at boot, and instead
run a diagnostic utility in Windows. The Evergreen utility Etisysinfo is available at:
ww Check the CPU Core speed.
• Etisysinfo reports no L1 Cache: If the L1 cache is disabled, the computer will run
extremely slow. Potential solutions include updating the BIOS, or installing an Evergreen
cache enabler from the Utilities disk (below).
• Etisysinfo reports no L2 Cache: If the L2 cache is disabled, system performance will
be reduced, but not dramatically. Potential solutions include updating the BIOS, or
installing an Evergreen cache enabler from the Utilities disk (below).
• Performance increase not apparent: If Etisysinfo shows the correct CPU Core Frequency
and both L1 and L2 caches are activated, then the upgrade is running properly.
Other “bottlenecks” may be limiting system performance. These include insufficient
RAM, corruption of Windows or its Swap File, drive fragmentation and driver instability.
Using the Evergreen cache enabler programs:
You can use the following cache enablers on your system, according to what cache is disabled
and what version of Windows is installed:
• EnableL1: The L1 cache is disabled and the system is running Windows 95, 98 or ME.
• L1_ON: The L1 cache is disabled and the system is running Windows 95 or 98.
• Enable L2: The L2 cache is disabled and the system is running Windows 95, 98, NT or
2000 (but not ME).
Please read the documentation on the disk that describes how to install and use these utilities.
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